Okanagan Historical Society Reports

Okanagan history. Sixty-ninth report of the Okanagan Historical Society Okanagan Historical Society 2005

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 Report of the  Okanagan  rllSTOrtlCAL  Society  Okanagan History  The Sixty-Ninth Report  of the  OKANAGAN  HISTORICAL  SOCIETY  Founded September 4, 1925  ISSN-O830-O739  ISBN-O-921241-77-1  2005  ©  www.okanaganhistoricalsociety.org  Printed in Canada on Acid-Free Paper  By Ehmann Printworx Ltd  Kelowna, B.C.  Cover:  Original Watercolour by Charlene Woodbury A.F.C.A.  of the T.K. Smith House, Armstrong built c. 1904  Kindly loaned by the owner Jennifer Gamble  Back Inset:  Original Watercolour of Central Elementary School, Kelowna  Kindly loaned by the Artist Dr. James B. Dukelow SIXTY-NINTH REPORT OF THE  OKANAGAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY  The information, views and opinions expressed in the following articles  are those of the author(s). The information, views and opinions are not necessarily those of the Okanagan Historical Society.  EDITOR  Dorothy Zoellner  ASSISTANT EDITOR  Judy Dhs  EDITORIAL COMMITTEE  Elizabeth Bork, Penticton  Denis Marshall, Marilyn Kernaghan, Salmon Arm  Lucy McCormick, Ger van Beynum, Vernon  Jessie Ann Gamble, Robert Cowan, Armstrong-Enderby  Judy Ohs, Doug Ablett, Kelowna  Andrea Dujardin-Flexhaug, Oliver-Osoyoos  Membership  The recipient of this Sixty-Ninth Report is entitled to register his/her  membership in the Seventieth Report, which will be issued November 1, 2006. For  membership registration and certificate forms see insert in this book.  Purchasing Reports  Reports of the Okanagan Historical Society (The Report) including recent back  issues, are available through the Treasurer, Box 313, Vernon, B.C. V1T 6M3, from  branches of the OHS, and from most museums and bookstores in the Okanagan-  Shuswap-Similkameen region. You may also arrange to receive future issues by  mail by contacting the book committee, c/o the Treasurer.  Editorial Inquiries  Inquiries about material in the Reports, or for inclusion in coming issues, should  be directed to the Editor at 755 Glenmore Road N., Kelowna, B.C. V1V 2C7  e-mail: judyohs@shaw.ca  The complete index of Okanagan Historical Reports can be found on the internet-  http://royal.okanagan.bc.ca Officers and Directors of the Executive Council  2005-2006  PRESIDENT  Alice Lundy  VICE-PRESIDENT  David Morgenstern  SECRETARY  Vivian Hamanishi  TREASURER  Bob Cowan  PAST PRESIDENT  Enabelle Gorek  BRANCH DIRECTORS TO THE EXECUTIVE COUNCIL  Armstrong-Enderby: Louise Everest, David Simard  Kelowna: Colleen Cornock, Bob Hayes  Oliver-Osoyoos: Lionel Dallas, Mary Roberts  Penticton: Dan Reilly, Maggie Ricciardi  Salmon Arm: Elizabeth Revel, William Kernaghan  Alternate: Allan Wilson  Similkameen Valley: Vacant  Vernon: Jack Monison, Ger van Beynum  DIRECTORS-AT-LARGE  Essay Contest: Jessie Ann Gamble, Trails: Peter Tassie,  Father Pandosy Mission: Alice Lundy, Archivist: Vivian Hamanishi  Sales and Promotions: Lionel Dallas BRANCH OFFICERS OKANAGAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY  2005-2006  Armstrong-Enderby:  President: Robert Dale; Vice-President: Jessie Ann Gamble; Secretary: Jean  Lockhart; Treasurer: Eleanore Bolton; Past President: David Simard.  Directors: Bob Cowan, Mae Dangel, Louise Everest, Kathy Fabische, Elinor  Hagardt, Faith Hudson, Craig McKechnie, Tom Sidney, William Whitehead.  Kelowna:  President: Kaye Benzer; Vice-President: Colleen Cornock; Secretary: Betty  Ivans; Treasurer: Eleanor Bulach; Past President: Bob Hayes. Directors:  Doug Ablett, Doug Flintoft, Vivian Hamanishi, Jean Loyst, Alice Lundy,  Margaret Moisey, Judy Ohs, Ruth Stirling, Dianne Tucker, Evelyn Vielvoye,  Dorothy Zoellner. Kelowna Branch Life Members: Bob Hayes, Bill  Knowles, Joyce Knowles, Alice Lundy, Bob Marriage, Hume Powley,  Gifford Thomson, Dorothy Zoellner.  Oliver-Osoyoos:  President: Lionel Dallas; Vice-President: Gayle Cornish; Secretary: Mary  Englesby; Treasurer: Mary Roberts; Past President: Dan Roberts. Directors:  John Musgrave, Elaine Shannon, Larry Shannon. Honorary Directors: Joan  Casorso, Stanley Dickson, Cyril Headey. Honorary Directors from local  societies are: Lynn Alaric-Couch, Lionel Dallas, Ernie Dumais, Joanne  Muirhead, Leslie Plaskett.  Penticton:  President: Dave Morgenstern; Vice-President: John Ortiz; Secretary: Birgit  Larsen; Treasurer: Bob Elder; Past President: Claud Hammell. Directors:  Louise Atkinson, Marylin Barnay, Jeanette Beaven, Betty Bork, Enabelle  Gorek, Don Haggerty, Art Hinchcliff, David MacDonald, Randy Manuel,  Dan Reilly, Maggie Ricciardi, David Snyder, Ret Tinning.  Salmon Arm:  President: Ralph Kernaghan; Vice-President / Secretary: Rosemary Wilson;  Treasurer: Denis Marshall; Past President: Mary Wetherill. Directors: Ralph  Bartman, Don Byers, Sheila Cran, Florence Farmer, Pam Johnson, Marilyn  Kernaghan, William Kernaghan, Mary Niemi, Alf Peterson, Elizabeth  Revel, Tom Smith, Allan Wilson.  Similkameen Valley:  Contact Person: Elizabeth Bork, 127 Partington, Kaleden, B.C. VOH 1KO.  Vernon:  President: Peter Tassie; Vice-President: Stephen J. Miller; Secretary /  Treasurer: Betty Holtskog. Directors: Carlos Gunnlaugson, Dale Kermode,  Shirley Louis, Garth Maguire, Jack Morrison, Herb Thorburn, Ger van Beynum. Business of the Okanagan Historical Society  NOTICE  of the 81st Annual General Meeting  THE OKANAGAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY  2006  Notice is hereby given that the Annual General Meeting  of the Okanagan Historical Society will be held  at the  Vernon Lodge  VERNON, B.C.  Sunday, April 30, 2006, at 10 a.m.  Luncheon at 12:30 p.m.  All members and guests are welcome to attend.  EXECUTIVE COUNCIL  26th February, 1978  Kelowna, B.C.  RESOLUTION:  Whereas we stand by our original plan of the POLICY of EDITORIAL  FREEDOM  And whereas such freedom may require certain changes in the articles  submitted: i.e. - deletions, condensation and rewrite, etc.  Therefore be it resolved that:-  Editorial Freedom gives the Editor the right to edit all material submitted  as he sees fit: UNLESS the author has stated otherwise in writing at the  time of submission.  MOVED by Victor Wilson SECONDED by I.E. Phillips OKANAGAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY  ESSAY CONTEST 2006  AIM/GOALS  To encourage the research and writing of Okanagan history by post  secondary students.  ELIGIBILITY  Students currently in any post-secondary institution in British Columbia.  PRIZE  (a) $1,000 (one thousand dollars)  (b) possible publication in "Okanagan History" book (the annual publication of the Okanagan Historical Society)  GENERAL CRITERIA: the essay must:  • Depict history which occurred in the geographical area encompassed  by the Okanagan, Shuswap and Similkameen Valleys.  • Be suitable for publication in the "Okanagan History" book.  • Be submitted on a 3.5 in. disk or C D and typed double spaced on  8.5 x 11.0 in. white paper.  • Be a minimum length of 1500 words to a maximum of 2500.  • Include a cover page which shows:  * Student's name and registration number  * Name of Institution  * Student's telephone number and address  * Title of essay  EVALUATION CRITERIA: the essay will be judged according to:  HISTORICAL INFORMATION  The degree to which the writer has gathered accurate information in  different ways; has insightfully selected essential information; has  interpreted or synthesized that information.  EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION  The quality of the historical content in that it effectively uses rich,  vivid detail in a style which engages and involves the reader.  CONCLUSIONS  The conclusions the writer makes which reflect clear, logical links  between the information and the interpretations based on relevant  evidence; the way the writer describes his/her own thinking about the  historical content which demonstrates a sophisticated understanding  of the historical issue(s).  WRITING  Demonstrated level of organization, correct sentence structure, usage,  grammar, diction, mechanics, bibliography and footnoting.  DEADLINE:       March 15th of each year  SUBMIT TO:      Jessie Ann Gamble,  Box 516, Armstrong, B.C. VOE 1B0;  Ph: (250) 546-9416; email: lgamble@junction.net Table of Contents  2005 Three Cities Celebrate 100 Years -  HAPPY 100th BIRTHDAY: Enderby, Kelowna, Salmon Arm  Enderby The Little City, Audrey Bogert 10  Memories of Growing Up in Kelowna, Nellie (Hereron) Tutt 14  Salmon Arm Memories, Joan (Nancollas) Lyons 20  Sports - "What I know most surely about morality and  the duty of man I owe to sport/' Albert Camus  The Interior's First Ski Patrol, Howard Morgan 24  The Kelowna Packers, James H. (Jim) Hayes 26  Stocking Interior Lakes, Howard Morgan 32  Bobsledding in 1947, Ken Rolin 35  The 1st Thirty Years of Badminton in Oliver, Howard Morgan 38  Tributes:  Doreen Brodoway, June Griswold 40  Joseph Capozzi, Herb Capozzi and Dee Capozzi 42  Charles Dore, Gerry Vowles 44  Wilma Hayes, James H. Hayes 46  Pauline Legg, Louise Roberts 48  Charles Matejka, Sylvia Matejka 51  Rose Palleson, Florence Niddery 54  Alberta Parsons, Stu Meldrum 55  Henry Paynter, Sheila Paynter 57  Mary Plaskett, Leslie Plaskett 59  Judy Toms, Jarret Dais and Wendy Sparks 61  David and Gordon Wight, Andrea Dujardin Flexhaug 63 Heritage Buildings Are a Historical Treasure  (The Cover) T.K. Smith Home / Central Elementary 65  Closing of Rutland Elementary School; Evelyn Vielvoye 69  SYL Ranch House at Okanagan Falls, Maggie Ricciardi 79  Student Essay Contest Winner  The Story of Con Passas, Ben Mahen 83  Their Contributions Are Many I  Wing Commander Frank Powley, Hume Powley 91  Dorothy Deakin Memoirs, Dorothy Deakin and Lynda Vivian 102  John Hayhurst, Early Okanagan Forest Ranger, Joanne Hayhurst . . . 106  Hayhurst Lake, Mary Ellison Bailey 110  R.P. "Tiny" Walrod, Ian Greenwood 112  A Man of Many Parts, Brigadier H.H. Angle, James H. Hayes 120  William Charles Duggan, printed courtesy of Phyllis Duggan 127  Jeanetta Reekie, Mary (Fitz-Gerald) Rowles 129  Life As It Was  Osoyoos Silver Sage Drive-In, Andrea Dujardin Flexhaug 131  Desperadoes and Heroes, R.F (Bob) Marriage 134  Westside Tragedy, Robert M. (Bob) Hayes 138  Doris Commet, Gladys Mason, Irene Reiger, Shirley Cox 144  Copper Mountain Days 1940 - 1944, Harvie L. Walker 147  The Pioneer Cemetery, Mary Bull 150  W.G. Proctor's Letter, recorded by Lucy McCormick 151  Agriculture ... Then  First Orchardist in Okanagan Falls: John Matheson, Elizabeth Pryce. ... 156  Women Orchard Workers of the Coldstream Ranch, Bethe Almquist... 162 Community Service Organizations Celebrate Anniversaries  Armstrong's Women's Institute and School Nurse  Miss Amy Louise Mercer, Faith Hall 170  Kelowna Central Lions 60th Anniversary, Charles Pachal 177  History of Education, Penticton Indian Band  The Past 100 Years, Kathy Pierre 179  Families Record Their History  The Snowsells of Glenmore, Val (Snowsell) Moore 182  The Runacres Family, Merle (Runacres) Griffin 186  The Dawe Family, Muriel (Dawe) Davies 192  New Books of Interest Tb Our Readers 200  Lives Remembered 203  Congratulations to Bob Cowan & Cecil Schmidt 217  OHS Business and Financial Statements 218  2005 Membership List 234 2005 - THREE CITIES CELEBRATE 100 YEARS -  HAPPY 100'Ѣ BIRTHDAY: ENDERBY. KELOWNA, SALMON ARM  Enderby, The Little City  by Audrey Bogert  IODE - where women work, for every one in need;  For children, youth, and others too - they're there to help indeed.  First Chapter of this Century - they tell us we're the one.  Wow! That's just great; so on we go, our work has just begun.  The "Think It Over Babes" came by, to help our youth to learn,  That if we play with fire too soon, sometimes we get a burn;  With "Born to Read", the children small, get books for them to keep;  The elderly have lap robes giv'n, so they with chills won't weep.  Now Lambly's Landing is our name, it comes out from our past.  We live in Enderby you see, that's been the name to last.  However, many years ago, name after name was tried;  That's when the women came to tea, - the men "oh-oh'd" and sighed.  This "Little City" that we know as Enderby today,  Was once endowed with names galore - so history does say.  Not Steamboat Landing, Fortune's Landing, Lambly's Landing all -  Not Aholo nor Belvidere it seems would fit the call.  Then ladies of the settlement, one day while having tea,  And reading poems from England's shore, suggested Enderby.  The poem that they read that day, was all about a flood,  That brides, in England's Enderby, endured with lots of mud.  So as the Shuswap River then, had waters boisterous,  The "Tfea-time Gals" said to their men, "This is a choice for us."  The Government was soon advised; they formalized the name.  Then at that time, as Valley "hub" they'd gained a claim to fame!  As westward came the Eastern folk, the Shuswap River loomed;  They paddled on the water clear; the forest was not groomed.  Then suddenly as they looked up, and at the scenery gazed,  They saw majestic cliffs above - the boaters were amazed.  Ed. Note: This year, 2005, Enderby, along with other Valley towns, is celebrating its 100th birthday. The following was written by Audrey Bogert to celebrate this occasion and to give a summary of Enderby's history.  10 OHS 2005 - THREE CITIES CELEBRATE 100 YEARS - HAPPY 100'Ѣ BIRTHDAY: ENDERBY, KELOWNA, SALMON ARM  Beneath their boats teemed fish galore; most common were the trout;  In autumn came the salmon too, with kokanee about.  When they made camp and planned to stay, so then some fish did catch,  Probably the natives helped them learn to dry a batch.  In eighteen hundred sixty-six, land was then pre-empted;  As Mr. Fortune settled here - farming was attempted.  He and his wife, were workers hard, and friends to everyone;  Then mutual respect was felt between them and Native son.  The Shuswap River ambles on - its mind is all its own;  Headwaters start in mountains high - it doesn't need a clone.  Through Sugar Lake and Mabel Lake, then on its way it goes;  Kayakers ride white water "chucks"; through meadows then it flows.  Many folks have learned to swim in "holes" along the way,  Tb Enderby, then turning north, it still flows there today;  It's at this point, the Shuswap turns, then goes from side to side,  And wanders several times across the valley green and wide.  While Captain Cummings piloted - the Red Star steamed along;  As Old Molasses, it was known, with motors good and strong.  Wood fuel was found along the bank and then, of course, they stopped;  Some thought, to walk would faster be, so off the boat they hopped.  The Shuswap River's winding path, indeed did slow the boat;  Especially when full of goods, the Star could barely float.  As time went on, the Captain dreamed - just what his job would be;  Then as the railroad tracks hit ground, a vision he could see.  The survey crew was billeted out on the Cummings' farm;  The Captain's wife kept house and cooked, but also kept her charm.  This Irish gal, who liked to cook, desired a new house,  But feelings mutual were not, between Bridget and her spouse.  However, as the rail went down, the Survey boss did say  That, "This abode must disappear - it's on the right of way!"  Now history does not record, what other words were said;  Methinks some were unprintable - therefore could not be read.  The rate per acre, on the "way", was twenty-four plus one,  Though Mrs. Greenhow from O'Keefe's, with arbitration done -  And many arguments I'm sure, as neighbours "chewed the fat",  Did manage to receive much more - in fact, she tripled that!  OHS 11 2005 - THREE CITIES CELEBRATE 100 YEARS - HAPPY 100'" BIRTHDAY: ENDERBY, KELOWNA, SALMON ARM  In eighteen hundred ninety-two, the railroad was complete;  So business grew in Enderby; it all was quite a feat.  Five storey roller mill to grind the farmers' grain to flour;  It travelled first by paddlewheel, then came the railroad's hour.  The flour was shipped to Fiji Isle, and also to Japan;  And logs were cut by lumber mills, which many workers ran.  Now several shops and general stores stood all along the street;  The holidays were time for fun, and everyone could meet.  Incorporation took a while, though times were flourishing;  Some thought that it would cost too much in taxes it would bring.  In nineteen five, the dreams came true, of others who said yes;  Incorporation came to pass, as most of them did guess.  Settlers came from near and far to make their new home here;  For logging, dairy, grain and beef they came the land to clear.  In town were many businesses, like newspaper and bank;  The opera house to bring some song; in easy chairs they sank.  They also watched with greatest joy, some acting in a play;  The church was very much a part, for families to pray;  It was a Catholic mission then, where Sunday School was held;  Then A.L. Fortune and the priest did help the group to meld.  Now bricks from Enderby were fine, the best clay all around;  At least two buildings stand today, foundations on the ground;  And when the A.L. Fortune school was badly burned one day,  Most of the bricks were usable when taken from the fray.  Past World War II, past rise and fall, then dairying was fore;  Awards for butter - many came, until fluid milk took o'er.  Now let's all cheer for what we have in Enderby sublime;  We've loggers, farmers, many more still working on through time.  In town there are cafes to dine, or seats to sit and talk;  Be sure to amble round a bit, and take the River Walk.  We really love our city small, of Enderby today;  Please come and visit us sometime and for awhile do stay.  Audrey Bogert - May 2002, revised March 2005  Audrey Elizabeth (Hall) Bogert was born February 27, 1929 in Calgary,  Alberta, and was raised in Benton (east of Oyen), Alberta. She moved to B.C.  in 1948, where she met and married John Edward Victor Bogert on  September 18, 1950. Audrey joined the IODE in 1951. There were two chapters in Enderby: Sir Douglas Haig Chapter from 1927 to 1958 and Ashton  Creek Chapter from 1947 to 1992. Lambly's Landing Chapter of the IODE was  formed in 2001. This poem was originally written to invite a group of visiting  IODE ladies, while meeting in the Okanagan Valley, to visit Enderby.  12  OHS 2005 - THREE CITIES CELEBRATE 100 YEARS - HAPPY 100'Ѣ BIRTHDAY: ENDERBY, KELOWNA, SALMON ARM  Car rally in front of Fortune School,  circa 1920.  (Courtesy Enderby Museum)  A.R. Rogers Lumber Company. Logs  in backwater on Shuswap River.  (Photo by Holliday, 1908)  Columbia Flouring Mill, Enderby,  circa 1895.  (Courtesy B. C. Archives &  Records Service)  SS Ethel Ross on the Shuswap River, circa 1990.  (Courtesy Enderby Museum)  ohs 13 2005 - THREE CITIES CELEBRATE 100 YEARS - HAPPY 100'Ѣ BIRTHDAY: ENDERBY, KELOWNA, SALMON ARM  Memories of Growing Up  in the Kelowna Area  By Nellie (Hereron) TUtt  i  was born in this area and have lived  here most of my life. I feel that those  . of us who were born around the turn  of the century were privileged people in  that we were able to marvel at all the  new inventions as they came along and  also to appreciate them. The young people of your generation take them all for  granted and aren't even astonished to  see pictures of men on the moon or coming back to earth from Mars.  When my father Michael Hereron  Mary Ellen Tutt (approx. age 19)   came into the okanagan in 1890, he rode  (Courtesy Jack Morrison) fey horseback from Kamloops, where he  had bought a horse and saddle after a trip from Montreal where  he had worked for two years in the C.P.R. shops.. He had left his  native Ireland at the age of eighteen, hoping to rejoin an elder  brother, a carpenter and blacksmith, who had worked on the  building of the new C.P.R. Railway across Canada. The branch line  from Sicamous, called the S&O Railroad, was being built at the  time, but had not been completed to Vernon. The ocean voyage  from Ireland took a month, but father enjoyed it, was never seasick, and there was plenty of merry-making on board, plenty of  singing and dancing.  Our home was in what is now known as the Ellison District,  but at that time was known as Okanagan Mission. Our house was  just across the road from the little one-roomed school that had  been built some years previously on an acre of land donated by  Mr. George Whelan, who owned a big ranch in the district.  I was born just five years after the new townsite of Kelowna  was surveyed and laid out by Bernard Lequime, after whom  Bernard Avenue is named. Before that, a townsite had been surveyed and streets named in what was known as the Benvoulin  area. In this Benvoulin site were: a hotel, the South Okanagan  School, the Oblate Fathers Church of the Immaculate Conception,  the Benvoulin Church built by Lord and Lady Aberdeen, Lequime  Store and Post Office and also a livery stable and blacksmith shop,  These were notes written by Nellie Tutt in the mid-1900's in preparation for  an interview that was taped for a school project of one of her grandchildren.  They were kindly assembled and submitted by her son-in-law Jack Morrison,  who grew up in Kelowna, but now resides in Vernon.  14 OHS 2005 - THREE CITIES CELEBRATE 100 YEARS - HAPPY 100'Ѣ BIRTHDAY: ENDERBY, KELOWNA, SALMON ARM  a very important place at that time when everyone used horses  for transportation and working the land. This townsite was  planned by Grant McKay, an agent for Lord and Lady Aberdeen,  who had been hired to dispose of their property known as the  Guisachan Ranch. At this time, conditions in the Valley had  improved greatly from the time when Father Pandosy and his  companions spent their first winter here. There was a good wagon  road to Vernon, prosperous farms and comfortable homes. Fr.  Pandosy had to go to Victoria to receive mail from his home in  France, and all supplies had to be packed in over a rough trail.  Now, farms were fenced, some with round logs, many with split  cedar rails. Wild roses, chokecherries and saskatoon bushes grew  alongside the road. There are very few of these old fences left, but  there are some in the Benvoulin and South Kelowna areas.  But to go back to my own story...When it became apparent  that my appearance was imminent, my father was called in from  work to saddle his horse. He galloped into Kelowna to Dr. Boyce's  home on Bernard Avenue, waited while the doctor hitched his  horse to his covered buggy and returned beside him - at top speed.  There was no hospital and no nurses, but my aunt, who lived with  us, was a very good practical nurse and helped nurse many early  patients. Eventually, all was well, but my appearance was greeted  with disappointment because I wasn't a boy like my brother  Charlie.  Tb switch to the topic of education ... nowadays, school  boards have many problems. They are concerned with overcrowding and scarcity of suitable sites for schools. They have to  move portable schoolrooms from one place to another to meet  changing conditions. When I was young, the problem faced by  early school boards was a fear of school closure because of an  insufficient number of pupils. The Clement family in Ellison has  a letter written to Miss EM. Emslie in 1899. It reads as follows:  Madam,  Allow me to point out that the attendance at your school during  the month of October has fallen below ten. It will be necessary for  you to co-operate with our trustees in making every endeavor to  maintain the required average; otherwise steps will be taken to  close the school.  I have the honor to be Madam  Your obedient servant  Alexander Robinson  Superintendent of Education  Victoria, BC  ohs 15 2005 - THREE CITIES CELEBRATE 100 YEARS - HAPPY 100'Ѣ BIRTHDAY: ENDERBY, KELOWNA, SALMON ARM  Poor Miss Emslie! Short of advertising that she would marry  a widower with a family of school-age children, there wasn't very  much that she could do! At one time, the trustees in advertising  for a teacher, mentioned that a married teacher with children  would be acceptable.  They were having the same problem when I was three and  one-half. Some of the older pupils had finished their schooling  and there were no pupils of six years of age to take their place so  as we were near at hand, my brother and I were put on the list of  pupils and attended school for half a day. It was so important that  I should attend, that Minnie Whelan (later Mrs. Gus MacDonnell)  came across the road every morning to carry me up to school. I  don't know exactly how long this went on, but eventually I was  excused for a time and didn't attend full time until I was five.  By the time I passed my entrance exams in 1911, the new  brick school on what is now called Lawrence Avenue (then Glenn  Avenue.) had been built and classes had been moved from the  building that is now used as the Armoury. This had succeeded the  first school held over the Lequime Store, taught by D.W.  Sutherland for the princely sum of $39.00 per month. There was  also another school held in what was later the Courthouse on  Bernard Avenue. By September 1911, the school population had  increased to the extent that the Third Reader and High School  pupils were left over. Miss Elizabeth McNaughton was the principal and sole teacher of the High School. She had gone with a  group of Kelowna friends to witness the coronation of King  George V in London, and she also toured part of Europe and so  wasn't on hand for the opening of school.  The trustees prevailed upon the Baptist clergyman, Mr.  Welch, to take over in her absence. He had to set up school in one  of the empty rooms in the present Armoury. There were no desks  for us, and all twenty-three of us sat on rough benches around a  long table made of shiplap. Poor Mr. Welch- this arrangement  wasn't too good for discipline and many a note was passed and  whispered news items travelled around the table. Miss  McNaughton soon changed things when she arrived. We soon had  desks and discipline!  By the next year, Mr. Leslie V. Rogers was added to the High  School staff. Perhaps some of you have heard of the High School  in Nelson that has been named after him. When the time came for  us to write our matriculation exam, there were seven of us who  passed the exams sent out by McGill University of Montreal.  There was no University of B.C. at that time. While I was in High  School, the pupils took a census in the city. The number of men,  16  OHS 2005 - THREE CITIES CELEBRATE 100 YEARS - HAPPY 100'Ѣ BIRTHDAY: ENDERBY, KELOWNA, SALMON ARM  women and children was slightly over 1200 souls, 1217, I think.  But enough about education. There was great excitement in  our district when the first automobile passed through. This was  driven by our stage-driver William Scott who for many years had  driven a team of horses to Vernon with the mail, going up one day  and coming down the next. We were allowed to stand by the  school fence to see it pass by. Then another highlight was when  the holes were dug for the telephone line to connect Kelowna and  Vernon. The holes were there for some time before the poles and  wire were installed. Although it was forbidden to do so, some  adventurous boys would lower themselves into the holes and usually needed help to get out again. To us, the telephone was  a marvellous time-saver. Instead of having to saddle or  hitch up a horse to do some necessary business, we could  crank the handle on the phone to ring Central or if the person we  were calling was on our own line, we could ring them ourselves.  People who were still driving horses appreciated the invention of  the telephone much more than the invention of the automobile.  Gentle horses nearly went out of their minds when they met the  automobile on the forty foot wide roads. I can remember praying  desperately that we would not meet a car when we went to church  or town.  I have mentioned about the coronation of King George V in  1911. At that time, it was considered that if Kelowna joined in the  celebrations with Vernon, these celebrations would be more  impressive. So, our family got up early, drove in our rubber-tired  surrey (of which we were very proud) into Kelowna ten miles  away, put up the horses at the livery barn and boarded the  Aberdeen sternwheeler for the trip to Okanagan Landing. There,  we got onto the little train that travelled between the Landing and  Vernon. My brother and I marched proudly with other pupils  from Kelowna and pupils from the North Okanagan all carrying  flags. There were bands and speeches and on the boat coming  home everyone sang all the old songs and had a marvellous time.  Only my brother and myself accompanied our parents to Vernon.  The other members of the family were taken by the hired man to  the big combined picnic for our district and Rutland, at the home  of Mr. and Mrs. John Morrison on Sexsmith Road. Here there were  flags and Japanese lanterns on all the trees and long boards were  laid on trestles to hold a marvellous picnic meal.  The other night we paused at the top of the hill coming  down from South Kelowna to look at all the lights. I thought of the  candlelight from Fr. Pandosy's windows, which was the only light  within a hundred miles of the lone coal oil lamp brought in on  OHS 17 2005 - THREE CITIES CELEBRATE 100 YEARS - HAPPY 100'Ѣ BIRTHDAY: ENDERBY, KELOWNA, SALMON ARM  packhorse by Joseph Christien. If we were going to visit friends  after dark, we carried coal-oil lanterns. It was my job to clean and  polish the chimneys on our lamps. It seems hard to believe that  there has been such a change in one lifetime.  There was one thing that changed everything - and that was  irrigation . When the dams were built on Mill Creek for the Ellison  and Glenmore area and at McCulloch for South Kelowna and on  Canyon Creek for East Kelowna and Belgo Dam for the Belgo and  Rutland areas, they changed the destiny of this part of the  Okanagan. Land Developers subdivided and sold lots and planted  fruit trees. The Cloverdale Ranch was subdivided. Glenmore,  which for years was known as Starvation Flats and Dry Valley,  was transformed in a few years. Rutland, where I can remember  only one house on the east side of the Kelowna-Vernon Road and  whose rocky fields were planted mostly to fall grain was also  planted to fruit trees, vegetables or hay. Now, most of the fields  are planted with new homes which keep climbing higher up the  hills every day.  All the new projects and plans were slowed by World War I.  The new sternwheeler Sicamous made one of the early runs with  the troops from this area on their way to camp in Kamloops. The  ship bore the caption "Kelowna's Gift of 1,000 men".  Sometimes, my grandchildren ask me, "But what did you do  to pass the time with no radio and no TV?" We never could find  enough time to do everything we enjoyed doing. In summer we  sometimes went fishing in the creek or picked wild raspberries or  strawberries. In the autumn we picked wild hazel nuts in  Christien's bush. In winter we went sleighriding or skating on  Carney's Pond. Every Tuesday evening there was a meeting of the  district at the school house where there were concerts or debates  or dancing. Nearly everyone turned out. Then, of course, we read,  often by the light of the coal-oil lamp, usually under a warning  that we were ruining our eyes and would be blind before we grew  up. We also made our own music around the organ or later the  piano at home. We played cards a lot and were experts at many  games, including checkers.  We didn't feel that we lacked news of the world. We got the  Vernon News once a week before there was a Kelowna paper. At  one time, we got two Kelowna papers as well, the Kelowna  Courier and the Kelowna Record. We had plenty of news.  In the days when Kelowna was still young, our family did  much of its shopping, even for groceries, in Vernon. As at that  time, most of the hay and grain had to be hauled there with team  and wagon,  it was very handy to shop there, too,  mostly at  18 OHS 2005 - THREE CITIES CELEBRATE 100 YEARS - HAPPY 100'Ѣ BIRTHDAY: ENDERBY, KELOWNA, SALMON ARM  Megaw's Store. Flour was bought by the half-ton, sugar by the 100  pound sack and coal oil by the five gallon can. I don't know how  it happened, but one time when the sugar and the coal oil came  home on the same load, we always found a slight taste of the coal  oil on the sugar, even though they were set at a distance from  each other.  Before the days of automobiles, nearly every family in town  kept at least one horse. Most people had their own cow and  chickens as well, made their own bread and butter and grew  nearly enough vegetables for their own use so they didn't know  much about inflation or shortages.  We didn't go to town very often as children. Maybe when we  had to get a tooth pulled or get a new pair of shoes, but of course  we always went in for the 24th of May, the Regatta and the Fall  Fair. These were real occasions to be looked forward to. After the  new lights were strung along the promenade in the park, we could  buy bags of confetti at the entrance. Everyone threw confetti on  everyone else even if you didn't know them!  Of course, a lot of time was spent on horseback or sitting in  a buggy. We have ridden on paper-chases from Ellison to  Glenmore. In the fall, the boys went hunting.  Yet, we never found that time was heavy on our hands, even  if the community wasn't worried about keeping us occupied.  Back Row: Sandy the dog, Duncan Tutt.  Middle Row: Peg Beaton, Mary Ellen Tutt, Fran Morrison.  Front Row: Fawn Beaton.  (Courtesy Jack Morrison)  OHS 19 2005 - THREE CITIES CELEBRATE 100 YEARS - HAPPY 100'Ѣ BIRTHDAY: ENDERBY, KELOWNA, SALMON ARM  Salmon Arm Memories  by Joan (Nancollas) Lyons  It's hard to believe that Salmon Arm is celebrating its  Centennial. I'm sure my Dad and Mom, Vic and Jenny  Nancollas, would have been pleased to see that the area they  loved and nurtured for so many years has reached another milestone. I have always felt that growing up in Salmon Arm was like  winning the lottery of places to call home. There are so many  happy childhood memories to share.  My first recollections center around our house, which used  to be where the Motorcycle Shop (the Arctic Cat Dealership)  presently operates on the Trans-Canada Highway, east of  Piccadilly Road. One of my childhood treasures was an Indian  arrowhead I found under an enormous fir tree that guarded our yard.  An abundant garden area produced a variety of vegetables  and flowers. The surplus produce was put into containers and  rushed down to Askew's Frozen Food Lockers for taste treats during the winter. Entering the lockers on a hot summer day and  then not being able to get your key into the padlock, or some  other crisis that extended your stay in the sub-zero building, was  a quick way to cool off! The invention of home freezers certainly  simplified our lives.  We did not have a car, and so the garage held a supply of  sawdust that we hauled in buckets to the kitchen stove.  Occasionally, this stove would seem to overheat and do this explosive, fireworks display - scary stuff! The garage also housed a  flock of aggressive chickens that did not care to share their eggs,  and seemed to take orders from two very large roosters who  delighted in chasing me around the yard. My experience with  chickens was further enhanced as my grandparents, Jim and  Emma Miller, had a mixed farm where the present-day Canadian  Tire now stands. "Chickey-Bone" dinners were my favourite and  when I'd visit the farm I would have the whole "pen to table" experience. I'm surprised I still liked chicken after seeing the headless  "dinner" dancing around the yard, not to mention helping with  the plucking and cleaning.  Joan Lyons was born in Salmon Arm in 1936 and lived there until 1957,  when the Lyons family moved to Kamloops. She has three sons and now  three daughters-in-law and five grandchildren. Joan taught pre-school for  many years and is keeping busy in retirement with various activities. This  article is the winning entry in the Shuswap Writers Centennial Competition  in connection with Salmon Arm's 100th anniversary 2005.  20 ohs 2005 - THREE CITIES CELEBRATE 100 YEARS - HAPPY 100'Ѣ BIRTHDAY: ENDERBY, KELOWNA, SALMON ARM  I believe my parents' first home started as a small house that  had rooms added to it at various times. For this reason the master  bedroom was seemingly the center of the house, with five doors  exiting it - something of an architectural nightmare. One of these  doors led to a large screened-in porch where a trap door in the  floor could be propped up, revealing "ladder-like" stairs down into  a very dark hole - the root cellar! Upon descending you were  immediately hit by an odour that is difficult to describe, but  remains in one's "smell memory" forever. If you carefully felt  around above your head, you could find a string that turned on a  very low wattage bulb. This revealed damp dirt walls and floor,  with some wooden shelves filled with home canning and burlap  bags containing root crops. Various kinds of "creepy crawlies" felt  it was a "5-Star" kind of place to live and breed! When I was strong  enough to lift the trap door I was sent on solo missions; these  were particularly scary if it was getting dark outside. On one  memorable trip, in twilight conditions, I carefully made my way  down the stairs - and splashed into deep water! When I finally got  the light on, it revealed a lot of "stuff floating about. It seemed,  because we lived on the valley floor, a higher than usual water  table had filled our cellar with water. (An "in ground" swimming  pool!) Tb this day I am thankful the trap door never accidentally  slammed shut when I was down there!  Walking to school was always an adventure, and many landmarks that I passed are now gone. From Piccadilly Road to our  house was forest, then a hay field with Palmer's abandoned  slaughterhouse set back off the road. Eventually my parents  bought this piece of land and "remodeled" part of the slaughterhouse for my Grandmother to live in. This was a VERY interesting place to play! Progressing along the road I would pass more  woods, the Creamery and across the tracks a large sawmill; another long, empty stretch, and then Mr. Tweedale's fascinating shop  where he built canoes and I'm not sure what else. Newnes  Machine Shop and the Legion followed, then the Salmon Arm  Farmers Exchange on both sides of the road, always a busy and  mysterious place. Front Street passed my Uncle's Furniture Store,  which was ultimately owned by my Dad. Bedford's Drug Store on  the corner made great milkshakes. We always ordered a "half  shake for half price, but it was almost full size - such a deal! A few  more blocks and eventually I'd reach Salmon Arm Elementary  School - City Hall now. My grade one classroom, where Mrs.  Meek so capably taught, is now the Council Chambers. My father  spent countless hours there as a Councillor and Mayor for many  years.  If one thinks of the Trans-Canada Highway today, it would  OHS 21 2005 - THREE CITIES CELEBRATE 100 YEARS - HAPPY 100'Ѣ BIRTHDAY: ENDERBY, KELOWNA, SALMON ARM  not seem like the ideal place to learn how to ride a two-wheeled  bicycle, but in the late 1940's traffic was light. Dad spent many  hours racing up and down the road, teaching me to ride Mom's  bike. Riding a full sized bike was somewhat challenging; I don't  believe bikes came in many sizes back then. The bike had been  purchased for Mom to ride up to Turner's Orchards during the war  to pick and thin apples. My first big outing up Tank Hill with  friends was a bit of a disaster. After walking up the hill we turned  off the main road to go down a steep side road with a 90-degree  corner near the bottom. As my speed increased, panic set in. I had  learned to ride on the FLAT valley road, and unfortunately Dad  had neglected to show me how the brakes worked. When my  friends picked me up out of the ditch they inquired why I hadn't  used my brakes! A "crash" course in applying brakes followed.  Several times a year we would share the road with a huge  flock of sheep, heading, I believe, for Mara Meadows. It seemed  they usually arrived about the time I was setting off to school. The  rams looked pretty threatening with their long pointy horns, but  it was a memorable and exciting way to start the day. I can't  remember what happened to the traffic; I would guess in those  days it just waited until they passed.  During the war, Halloween was not celebrated as it is today.  There were no candies or treats available, but I do recall "Dress-  Up" parties. During this time people were encouraged to buy War  Bonds to support the war effort and I believe we collected and  donated pennies. One of the advertising slogans was to "Shell Out"  your money. In our home we had a collection of oyster and  clamshells, so my creative Mom wrote the slogan "Shell Out" on  the shells. Then she drilled small holes in them and sewed them  onto an orange coloured dress, creating what I considered a very  special and patriotic costume, albeit somewhat "clunky" and  uncomfortable.  When I was about three, my idyllic camping days started at  Pierre's Point. Our cabin was VERY rustic and I always felt when  we came home at the end of summer (a day always filled with  tears), that someone had painted our house, it seemed so bright  after the dark shiplap walls of the cabin. What better way to spend  your summers than to be surrounded by family and friends on  beautiful Shuswap Lake? We all learned to swim and dive, without  benefit of formal lessons, attended and hosted many "wiener  roasts" and played countless games of Run Sheep Run, Sardines,  etc. We enjoyed a level of freedom to explore independently that  few children experience today. After one wiener roast all the girls  decided to go "skinny dipping." In those days we actually were  skinny! We left the bonfire, and because of the crowd around the  22 ohs 2005 - THREE CITIES CELEBRATE 100 YEARS - HAPPY 100'Ѣ BIRTHDAY: ENDERBY, KELOWNA, SALMON ARM  fire, decided against our normal routine of leaving our clothes on  the plank wharf. Instead, we took a large log out into the water  where we deposited our suits, and then proceeded to chase moonbeams in the warm silky water and giggle as only young girls can.  The floating log was forgotten temporarily until it was time to go  in, and then horror of horrors, we realized it had floated to shore  right in front of the fire. We quietly approached the log, feeling as  if we were players in a spy movie. I guess the sudden silence alerted my Father who came down the beach, and announced to no  one in particular that it looked like someone had left their laundry on a log. "Better bring it up," yelled my Mom, suppressing her  laughter. This was not going well; how long could we stay in the  water? At this point we blew our cover and started yelling. The log  was pushed out and we quickly retrieved our suits and returned  to the warm fire, fully clothed.  So many wonderful memories!  Joan with car inner tube - fun on the water.  (Courtesy of the Author)  ohs 23 SPORTS- "WHAT I KNOW MOST SURELY ABOUT MORALITY  AND THE DUTY OF MAN I OWE TO SPORT." ALBERT CAMUS  The Interior's First Ski Patrol  by Howie Morgan  uring the winter of 1947 a group of Kelowna skiers drove to  l the old school house at the foot of Silver Star Mountain in  Vernon, from where they labouriously climbed to the  Forestry Lookout to ski the undeveloped mountain top. Late in  the afternoon, they stopped at the old log cabin for a short rest  before descending the mountain to waiting cars.  One of the best skiers was Jean Ford, visiting from Eastern  Canada, who led the descent, and on the first corner, fell and  broke her leg. Ski poles and belts were used to splint the femur  while a return trip to the Lookout produced an old toboggan so  badly broken that it was useless for transport.  While Clair Atkinson and Howie Morgan stayed with the  patient, the others skied down for help. A fire could not be lit and  night was freezing cold, and Jean suffered severely from the cold  and pain.  There was no radio station in Vernon, so contact was made  with CKOV in Kelowna to request a toboggan and snow shoes to  facilitate the rescue. After many hours, the Provincial Police  Officer arrived at the accident site with a thermos of coffee, which  he broke and cut his hand. The result was coffee and blood shakily  strained through his handkerchief. The next arrival on snowshoes  was the doctor, who was so exhausted, he fell in the snow bank for  rest before being able to relieve Jean's pain. Eventually the tired  skiers returned with a serviceable toboggan to transport the  patient, who was still on the old toboggan. It was morning before  Jean was admitted to the Vernon hospital, where she was confined for a prolonged period before being transferred to the  Kelowna General Hospital for a long stay.  This experience and frozen toes prompted a search for  answers to future problems involving skiing accidents. The  Canadian Ski Patrol System under Dr. Firth of Tbronto had been  formed in 1941, and the only practising patrol in this province was  at the Coast. A patrol was formed locally with members Fred  Waterman, Clair Atkinson, Pat Currell, Gib Wade, Johnny Kerr,  Trevor Jones and Howie Morgan, Leader, all of whom were tested  Howie Morgan lives in Kelowna. He started the ski patrol on Black Mountain  in Kelowna and served as Zone Secretary-Treasurer of the Canadian Amateur  Skiing Association.  24 ohs SPORTS  for skiing ability by C.A.S.A. Instructor Lyman Dooley. The local  physician, Dr. Gordon Wilson, kindly agreed to act as Patrol  Doctor, and although some of the members were qualified first aid  attendants, they all benefited from instruction on initial examinations, exposure, shock, fractures, concussion, hemorrhages, etc.  The Community enthusiastically supported the new Patrol  with Spurrier's Sporting Goods donating a toboggan, Lyman  Dooley making splints, blankets borrowed from the Army, and a  stretcher from the Fire Hall. The result was a new awareness of  safety needs in this winter sport, and the ability to deal with accidents effectively at the site.  From this one serious accident in 1947, and the small start  in creating a recognized Ski Patrol in 1948, today there are a total  of 25 paid and 135 volunteer Ski Patrollers providing protection to  skiers and boarders on Big White Mountain alone.  ohs 25 SPORTS  T+he Kelowna Packers  1948 - 1961  by James H. (Jim) Hayes  V*?IJ*t111      it if .#  KELOWNA PACKERS 1948  (L to R): Manager Bill Coates, President Bill Spear, Bob Taylor, Jim Hanson, Gordon Smith,  Ken Stewart (Playing-Coach), Ken Reeves, Gordon Mirtle, Frank Hoskins, Bud Gourlie,  Jack O'Reilly (Captain), Eddie Witt, Bob Johnson, Johnny Maddock, Jim Lowe, Herb  Sullivan, Roy Worrall, Trainer Augie Ciancone  (Courtesy Kelowna Museum)  He scores! How many Kelowna residents still remember  when CKOV's Jim Panton was the Sports Commentator for  the hockey games between Okanagan Senior Hockey  League teams Kelowna Packers, Vernon Canadians, Kamloops  Chiefs and Penticton Vs, in the new Kelowna and District  Memorial Arena? In later years, didn't CKOV Sports Director Bob  Hall take over the commentary?  The Kelowna and District Memorial Arena was funded  and built by a grateful community at a cost of $235,000, as a perpetual tribute to those local men and women who paid the  supreme sacrifice in the Second World War. The facility officially  opened on Remembrance Day, November 11, 1948. The keys to  the arena were presented by A.K. Loyd, Chairman of the Kelowna  and District War Memorial Committee, to His Worship Mayor W.B.  Hughes-Games, who in turn gave them to George Brown,  Chairman of the Arena Commission.  In later years, some sports media labelled the Arena with a  rather uncomplimentary name, The Barn, much to the indignation of the local citizens. Did they not realize, if it wasn't for those  who gave their lives in the Second World War, we wouldn't have  this sports facility, built to honour our war veterans?  26 ohs SPORTS  On November 10, 1948, the first game by the Kelowna  Packers, an away game with Vernon Canadians, saw them losing  by a score of 8 to 2. The team included:  Players:  * Bud Gourlie * Jim Hanson * Frank Hoskins  Bob Johnson Jim Lowe Johnny Maddock  Micky Meyers Gordon Mirtle          * Dave Newton  * Jack O'Reilly (Captain)   Glen O'Shaughnessy     Ken Reeves  Gordon Smith Ken Stewart (Playing-Coach)  * Herb Sullivan Bob Taylor * Eddie Witt  President: Bill Spear; Manager: Bill Coates; Trainer: Augie Ciancone  The next game in Kamloops, on November 15, saw the Packers  losing 4 to 3, with Roy Worrall between the pipes replacing Bob  Taylor.  An incident comes to mind, that was either amusing or frustrating, depending on one's point of view. It involved goaltender  Roy Worrall, who was imported from the Pacific Coast League,  with a supposedly good goals against average. He didn't always  live up to his reputation. In fact he was "hot and cold." In a game  against the Kamloops Chiefs, I think it was, at a face-off at center  ice, Kamloops got the draw, shot from center, and scored! After  that, in some quarters he became known as "Leaky Worrall," and  didn't last past the 1948-49 season.  The 1951-52 season saw the Kelowna Packers emerge as  Pacific Coast - Okanagan Champions, and finalists for the Savage  Cup. In the 1957-58 season they became Western Canada  Champions. The line-up was:  Players:  Pat Coburn Bob Dawes * Mike Durban  Dave Gatherum * Romi Ito Greg Jablonsky  * Bill Jones * Joe Kaiser * Orval Lavell  Andy McCallum * Jim Middleton (Captain)  * Ray Powell * Brian Roche Harry Smith  Bill Swarbrick Bill Voss * Moe Young  President: Bob McKinstry; Vice-President: Bob Giordano;  Secretary/Treasurer: George Spence; Manager/Coach: * Jack O'Reilly;  Trainer: Ewald Sapinsky.  * These players remained in Kelowna after their playing days were over, contributing much to the community.  Jim Hayes was born in England and came to Canada in 1924. During the  Second World War he was stationed at Camp Vernon, Canadian Battle Drill  School, Coldstream, before going overseas. He moved to Winfield in 1946,  and later to Kelowna. He is a past Director of the Kelowna Branch, O.H.S.,  and is an avid hockey fan.  ohs 27 sports  In 1958 the Kelowna Packers, under Coach Jack O'Reilly,  achieved national and international hockey fame, being the first  Canadian team to play behind what was then the "Iron Curtain".  The team travelled to the Soviet Union and won the World Hockey  Championship. Over the years, in sports circles, there has been all  too little recognition made of this achievement.  About this time a Ladies' Auxiliary was formed, made up  mostly of the players' wives.  It is virtually impossible to compile a complete list of all the  players who donned a Packers uniform. However, research confirms that in addition to those listed above, the following played  during the Packers' regime:  Howie Amundrud Ken Amundrud Bob Bergeron  Phil Brilliant Bo Carlson Joe Connors  * Don Culley Mike Daski Bud Evans  Roland Fritz Kaz Gacek Gerry Goyer  * Phil Hergesheimer (Playing Coach) Bob Keil  Jack Kirk Norm Knippleberg * Frank Kuly  Bob Kusmak Earl Kusmak * Al LaFace  Buddy Laidler Bob Leek Colin McCormack  Bill McCulley Roy McMeekin Bob Middleton  * Wayne North * Bob Gilhooly Lloyd Penner  Jack Power * Al Pyatt Stu Robertson  * Al Schaeffer                Denny Seminchuk Don Smith  Doug Stevenson * Gordon Sundin Dave Wall  At one time, an amusing story circulated, which only the  player concerned could verify. It was rumored that at the beginning of each season, goaltender Dave Gatherum donned a new  suit of underwear worn beneath his equipment, but being of a  superstitious nature, would not allow it to be washed until the  hockey season was over. While Dave always had a "low" goals  against average, it could be said his underwear had a "high" rating.  Another incident that caused a chuckle or two concerned  one of the league referees, Bill Neilson from Vernon, who one  might say had a slightly different skating style. During one  Packers game, both fans and players vociferously questioned  some of his penalty calls. A frustrated Dave Gatherum left his goal  crease, and in all his padding proceeded to imitate Neilson's skating style, much to the amusement of the crowd, but receiving a  misconduct penalty for his exhibition.  One season, centre Ken Amundrud was having a particularly  good year. During a game in Vernon against the Canadians, Ken  scored a hat trick, and the Packers were leading 3-0 with just  * These players remained in Kelowna after their playing days were over, contributing much to the community.  28 ohs SPORTS  eight seconds left in the game. With time running out for the  Vernon Canadians, the sportscaster calling the game over CJIB  (Vernon), in frustration, was heard to comment, "can they tie it  up?" (So much for blind loyalty to one's team!)  A test of the Packers' balanced defence and offence occurred  when they played a pre-season exhibition game against the  Vancouver Canucks. I don't recall the score, but the Packers won  by one goal. Needless to say, one needed a microscope to find  mention of the score in Vancouver newspapers.  One year the Packers' Executive was experiencing a financial crunch, and the team needed new uniforms. An appeal went  out for cash donations by way of pledges to cover the cost of a  piece of equipment or part of it. My daughter recently reminded  me that the family pledged the equivalent of half the cost of a pair  of hockey pants. In those days, I guess it was worth a buck or two.  Two staunch Packers' fans, Peter and Peg Ratel, watched  every home game from seats at ice level. Peter always brought  along a cowbell, which he rang every time the Packers scored. He  also constantly banged the bell against the wooden boards to spur  the team on. After so many hits against the boards, several finally  broke. Because they were such loyal Packers' fans, arena Manager  Percy Downton did not charge them for the cost of the replacement boards.  The Kelowna Packers had a Booster Club, a rather loosely  knit group tasked with encouraging fans to travel to out-of-town  games, and supporting the team wherever possible. One season,  the Vernon Canadians were considered the team to beat in the  playoffs, and favoured to "go all the way." In a series with the  Packers, they lost, which was a terrible blow to Vernon supporters.  An amusing incident, which was attributed to the Booster Club,  shows the rivalry between Vernon and Kelowna. An "obituary" in  proper wording, printed on paper outlined in black, was sent to  the Vernon Canadians' Executive - they were not amused. It went  something like this:   IN MEMORIAM   PASSED AWAY SUDDENLY AT KELOWNA AND DISTRICT MEMORIAL  ARENA, VERNON CANADIANS, BELOVED HOCKEY TEAM OF THE CITY  OF VERNON. LEFT TO MOURN THEIR LOSS, ARE HUNDREDS OF LOYAL  BUT VERY DISILLUSIONED VERNON FANS.  NO FLOWERS BY REQUEST, BUT DONATIONS MAY BE MADE TO THE  "ASSOCIATION FOR THE PRESERVATION OF UNEMPLOYED HOCKEY   PLAYERS."   IN THEIR GRIEF VERNON CAN TAKE COMFORT IN THAT IMMORTAL  MOTTO - "OLD HOCKEY PLAYERS NEVER DIE, THEY JUST GET RELEASED."  MAY THEY REST IN PEACE.  ohs 29 SPORTS  There were many volunteers who worked tirelessly behind  the scenes for the Packers. They loved the team, and wanted no  praise. Several persons come to mind, although there were  dozens more, whose names are regrettably forgotten with the  passage of time.  Charlie Dore was Chairman of the Players' Committee, and  Manager for ten years. He took advantage of business contacts on  the prairies to scout good players. Drs. Stan Underhill and Walter  O'Donnell, the club physicians, were always there to tend the  players' sundry cuts, bruises, etc. Laura Chatham, who passed  away in 1997 at age 103, darned the holes in the sweaters and  socks of the players' uniforms. She received a pass to home games  for her services. Her son, Stan Chatham, took over as trainer from  Augie Ciancone. He told the writer "I loved every minute of it."  Hank Van Montfoort looked after equipment - the list goes on.  No individual players are being singled out for special  recognition. As a fan, I always felt it was a team effort. The forwards took a beating in the corners, fighting for the puck; only  once in a while did they drop their gloves in retaliation. Solid  body-checks, good fore checking, penalty killing and goaltending  were the norm. The Packers had their "policemen" too! Every  member from stick boy to Captain had one objective in mind, winning the ALLAN CUP. Without question, Kelowna had the best  winter entertainment money could buy.  I believe the Packers had three playing-coaches - Ken  Stewart, Phil Hergesheimer and Moe Young. Not only were they  responsible for carrying out the game plan, but also they had to  prove to their peers they were just as good on the ice. Those who  coached from the bench included Bill  McKenzie, Jack O'Reilly (an original  Packers player) and Alex Shibicki.  Early in the Packers hey-day, the ice  surface in the Kelowna and District  Memorial Arena was maintained in a  rudimentary but effective manner. The  sophisticated ZAMBONI was not as yet on  CHAMPIONS  1951-52 B.C.  FINALISTS  KELOWNA  ^.^  A^ ^   "i\  -"■■ 1 iiiiiiiiii . §  |      IillllEB               MEMORfAl ARSNA             fllflllf1  «•■       ■   1                               Ii■    ■■■■  OFFICIAL  PROGRAM  OKANAGAN  SENIOR  HOCKEY  LEAGUE  PRICE—10 CENTS  KELOWNA and DISTRICT MEMORIAL ARENA  c. 1948  (Courtesy Kelowna Museum)  30 ohs  COVER OF PROGRAM  FOR KELOWNA  PACKERS GAMES -  1952-53  (Coutesy Kaye Benzer) SPORTS  the market. Several teenagers with the unflattering name "Rink  Rats," replete with wooden scrapers, manually collected the accumulated snow between periods. A forty-five gallon converted oil  drum on wheels, filled with hot water (with a "Rube Goldberg"  contraption attached), allowed a slow even flow onto the ice  surface, as an operator on skates pushed it around.  By 1960, the Okanagan-Mainline Hockey League had ten  teams - four in the Okanagan and six in the Kootenays, with an  interlocking schedule. It was becoming more difficult for Senior A  Hockey to function as a viable entity, and so the demise of the  Kelowna Packers was, regrettably, inevitable. At this time more  and more Junior teams were appearing on the hockey horizon.  Today, with Tier One Junior Hockey, the philosophy of the  game has changed. Certainly giving the fans a fast entertaining  game, and taking the MEMORIAL CUP, is always the objective of  the Kelowna Rockets. However, rather than just playing the game,  aspiring to win a university scholarship or being selected in a  NHL draft seems to be a priority in the minds of many players.  With Senior Hockey there was no such deterrent - most fans  merely wanted to see an entertaining game. There were fights,  but fewer than in Junior Hockey, which made for fewer stops in  play. The Packers, being more mature, seemed more interested in  playing a fast game for the fans, and of course in winning.  Tbday, we watch hockey in a new modern facility, Prospera  Place, with all its amenities. However, for those of us who faithfully followed the Packers, the Kelowna and District Memorial  Arena will always hold a special place in our memories. One  can't help but wonder, if we were to sneak into that arena on a  cold winter night, whether the ghostly cheers of fans urging the  Kelowna Packers to victory might still be heard!  Should the "powers that be" ever entertain even the  remotest thought of dismantling the Kelowna and District  Memorial Arena - FORGET IT! To do so would not only be an  insult to the memory of those men and women who gave their all  in the cause of freedom and democracy, but also would permanently erase a page in our sport and recreational history.  KELOWNA PACKERS  1951 - 1952  Back Row (L to R): Bo Carlson,  Lloyd Penner, Jim Lowe, Mike  Daski, Stu Robertson, Joe Kaiser,  Stan Chatham (Trainer)  Centre Row (L to R): Frank Kuly,  Jim Middleton, Mike Durban,  Jim  Hanson, Howie Amundrud, Brian  Roche, Phil Hergesheimer (Coach)  Front Row (L to R): Andy Reid  (Sec/Treas.), Ken Amundrud, Roy  McMeekin, Roy Pollard (President),  Al Laface, Frank Hoskins, Charlie  Dore (Chairman Player Committee). Seated in Front: Jack Gourlie (Assistant Trainer)  (Courtesy Charlie Dore) Q^g 31 SPORTS  Stocking Interior Lakes  by Howard Morgan, written in 2005.  George Gartrell operated a small fish hatchery in the Peach  Orchard district of Summerland before the Federal  Government bought the Summerland power station and  converted it to a fish hatchery in 1927. The spring water which  had operated a Pelton wheel for power at the power station was  particularly suitable for the propagation of fish, as the water temperature was constant.  In 1927 Granville Morgan was appointed Special Guardian of  Fisheries for Okanagan District No. 1 under Inspector of Fisheries  George Gartrell.  Eggs for the Summerland hatchery were taken from fish in the  creek at the end of Pennask Lake by experienced hatchery men.  Once the eggs were collected, they were packed over a trail to the  road, then by car through a succession of mud holes and nineteen  gates to Quilchena, with stops for ice at Merritt and Princeton.  The Summerland hatchery was soundly build of concrete  with heavy timbers to support the fir water troughs in which the  stock was kept until the transfer to larger troughs in the basement. The fertilized eggs usually were hatched and the fingerlings  distributed. The delivery to various lakes was accomplished by  siphoning the small fish into metal containers, driving to the road  end, and in some cases, lashing the large cans to pack horses for  the final journey to the lakes to be stocked. Sometimes it was necessary to load the heavy containers onto Kettle Valley Railway  baggage cars which would stop on demand at an upland lake. In  order to stock the lake on the mountain above Hedley, the large  cans were loaded onto the ore skip and whisked from the bottom  of Similkameen Valley to the mountain top. The return trip was  even more exciting perched atop the open car heaped with ore.  Granville Morgan, who first was employed by the Federal  Fisheries in 1927, started out in an old Model T Ford light delivery, which required much cajoling on the rough roads and  through the many mud holes. In 1928, with his first, and much  faster, Model A touring car, he was generally able to improve the  coverage of a large territory. In 1935 employment commenced on  the 1st of April and lasted eight months at a salary of $110 a  month, less statutory deductions.  Howie Morgan lives in Kelowna. Granville Morgan was his grandfather.  32 ohs SPORTS  Some eggs came from Paul Lake in the early days of the  Summerland hatchery, and from Beaver Lake in 1933. In 1937,  the Federal Government turned the hatcheries at Smith Falls,  Lloyd Creek, Pennask Lake, Beaver Lake, the large hatchery at  Nelson, and the Summerland complex over to the Provincial  Government. A major change occurred around 1945 when a new  hatchery was built to replace the old one at Summerland.  During the 1930's, the Department introduced a new species  into the Okanagan system by shipping in a quantity of large glass  containers to propagate Eastern Whitefish. Fry were taken to various points on the lake by a specially constructed barge which  resulted in fishing opportunities along rocky shores and under log  booms late in the season.  In correspondence dated 1934 to the Department of  Fisheries and the Bureau of Fisheries in Seattle, Granville Morgan  wrote, "I interviewed the Indians on Inkameep Reserve and got an  estimate of sockeye taken from Okanagan River by them. The  Indians catch salmon from July until Fall, and the following figures are for this Fall. Tbtal number taken, 74. (I might state that  among the older ones, female salmon in the act of spawning are  not killed, the Indians realizing the law of preservation.)" This  was prior to the advent of power dams preventing admission of  salmon into Okanagan Lake.  Another duty during the fall months was the supervision of  the Indian fishery on Salmon River, a tributary of the Shuswap  River. The danger was the leaving by the Indians of weirs across  the river used for their food fishery, thus preventing the main run  from reaching its spawning ground. Another responsibility was  the collection of specimens of kingfishers and mergansers so their  stomach contents could be sent to the Biological Board in  Nanaimo to determine if these predators had any significant effect  on the fish population.  The annual report by Granville Morgan in 1931 reads, "The  winter of 1930 - 31 was very dry with little snow on the mountains causing the creek run-off to be of short duration and not  favourable for spawning. The month of June was unusually wet  which improved conditions somewhat, although too late for  spawning. Trepanier, Trout and Penticton Creeks flowing into  Okanagan Lake are affected by irrigation requirements and do not  return any amount of fry.  Angling in the district is very popular and with the increasing number of sportsmen each year, the streams are heavily  fished. Angling has been good in Beaver, Pennask, Nicola, Bolean  and Arthur Lakes, and trout of large size have been taken from  ohs 33 SPORTS  lakes recently stocked.  There is pollution in the Similkameen River by the Hedley  Gold Mining Company now closed. Tailings from the mill are  allowed into the river, the present reservoir being rilled to capacity.  There are many obstructions in the district, especially  where irrigation districts have constructed dams at their headwaters. In the past few years these dams did not fill up to overflow, and trout were not able to reach their spawning grounds  below. There is also an obstruction at Shuswap Falls where a dam  owned by Canadian Hydro Electric stops the passage of all fish.  During the season eggs and fry were transferred from  Pennask eyeing station to the hatchery at Summerland, while  stock was distributed where applications called for them."  Granville Morgan worked first for the Federal Government  in 1927, then for the Provincial Government when the fishery was  transferred. He continued at the Summerland Hatchery until  retirement in the 1940's, after contributing much to the health  and expansion of Interior sports fishing.  Grandfather Granville Morgan and pack train.  (Courtesy of Howard Morgan)  34 ohs SPORTS  by Ken Rolin  (L to R): Ken Rolin and his brother  "Lefty" Rolin, Salmon Arm, B.C.  (Courtesy Ken Rolin)  BOBSLEDDING   IN   1947  Ken Rolin came with his family  from Maidstone, Saskatchewan to Salmon Arm, B.C. in  1944. He has spent all but seven  years of his life living here, where he  worked thirty-eight years for the  Department of Highways in the  Salmon Arm district. Driving down  North Broadview Road still conjures  up many a childhood memory for  Ken.  One, two, three, go! Our two  homemade bobsleds, manned by  four boys on each sled, pushed off  into the murky winter's night down  North Broadview Road. The rough  gravel road was now covered with a  thick layer of ice that had built up  over the weeks, and tonight it was  honed to a deadly slippery surface. Sparks flew in the darkness, as  the metal blades on wooden runners scraped across an occasional  exposure of gravel; otherwise there was little resistance on this  veneer-like surface. A lone flashlight tied to one sled lit the path  for the two sleighs. Our sleigh had no light and our vision was  very limited.  We boys had set up some rules. If a car came, we would steer  towards the bank and all drag our boots to slow the sled. If it  seemed impossible to stop, we headed for the snow bank and  upset. If a pedestrian were walking on the road, we would yell a  warning at the top of our voices and simply steer to the other side.  Tonight's race started from McKay's (close to Elks Park), and was  supposed to end at the dip near the high school. However, an  unknown factor was about to be introduced.  The temperature was about twenty degrees Fahrenheit, and  a strong wind chill burned our skin.  Editor's Note: This article could be appearing in a special Centennial Edition  of the Salmon Arm Observer.  ohs 35 SPORTS  Picture eight boys sitting upright, two of them at their front  steering positions; the others, their woolen-mitten hands either  grasping the body in front or clutching the hand rails on the side  of each sled; legs wedged alongside the person in front, all leaning into the momentum of the race.  Adrenaline ran high in each boy, and we scarcely felt the  tears stinging down our cheeks, our dripping noses or the earflaps  of our caps whipping about with our ever-increasing speed. We  were travelling side by side, one on each side of the road. Just as  we were nearing Currie's place, a dog ran out barking at the light-  speeding toward him. Swerving around the animal, the driver  nearly upset everybody on the sleigh and this caused much  yelling and cursing. That interception gave our sleigh the advantage and we shot past them like a cannonball. We were winning!  Howls of jubilation filled the air. Now the competition lagged by  twenty feet. Meanwhile, another unknown factor was making his  way up North Broadview.  Charlie Murray had just got off work from the hospital and  was pushing his bicycle up the road to visit his sweetheart Peggy  Ritchie. Upon hearing a lot of yelling, and spotting a single light  coming rapidly towards him, Charlie suspected kids sleigh riding, and so he crossed to the other side of the road. (The safe side,  so he thought.) If there was a light on his bike it was not visible to  the oncoming sleighs.  Lloyd Reed, the "steerer" on my sled, the lightless sleigh, did  not see the man pushing his bicycle towards us on our side of the  road. He had no idea we were on a collision course.  It was the headlights of a vehicle pulling out onto the road  half a mile ahead of us that caught our immediate attention.  Suddenly a dark form loomed up out of nowhere. Crash! At that  instant, our bobsled hit bicycle and man, causing them to become  airborne. They spiraled above us as if in slow motion. Boys' bodies were thrown off the sleigh in all directions. The other bobsleigh heard the collision and headed for the ditch, scattering its  crew all over the road.  When the calamity finally cleared, there was only one casualty - Lloyd. A spoke from the crumpled bicycle wheel had  pierced his leg and was sticking out of it like a spear. Luckily  Charlie was only shaken up and bruised, but otherwise unhurt.  He unleashed a series of profanities at us before he regained his  composure and limped his way to his beloved sweetheart's house,  abandoning his totally-wrecked bicycle by the side of the road.  Fortunately, Fred Demmon Sr., who lived nearby, administered first aid to Lloyd by cutting the spoke off. He pulled out the  36 ohs SPORTS  remaining piece of spoke with a pair of pliers, dressed the wound  and bound up the leg. Reluctantly, we straggled home, pulling  Lloyd on the sleigh. All were scared of what fate awaited us at  home. Our night's adventure, once revealed to our parents, would  totally ban any further bobsled escapades.  Charlie's wrecked bicycle was abandoned at Demmon's  place for a few years, until Fred Sr. and one of the boys' fathers  decided to repair it. This they did, giving it to one of the young  boys who survived that sleigh riding accident. He related the tale  for many years to come, and rode the evidence to show for it.  ohs 37 SPORTS  The First 30 Years  of Badminton in Oliver  by Howard Morgan, written circa 1954.  Although Kelowna is said to have established one of the  Province's earliest clubs in 1910, badminton started in  Oliver immediately the Athletic Hall was built on the site of  the Engineers' Camp, during the construction of the irrigation  project around 1921.  Some of the early players recall hitting the "bird" through  the rafters before the Community Hall had a ceiling. This sport  provided an important relaxation in the early days of orchard  development, and Sunday afternoon sessions were graced with  tea served by the ladies. Matches were arranged with such other  clubs as Kaleden, Penticton and Summerland and were great  social events.  During the early 1930's it is reported that a court was  marked out in the packinghouse managed by Bert Hall, with play  during the slack season in the industry. The earliest records available date from 1935, when play in the Community Hall was under  the Presidency of Ernie Hill, and membership had to be restricted as there was only one full sized court, and a smaller one across  the end of the building. Lighting was of such concern that a  motion was passed to purchase twenty yards of curtain material.  Dr. Ball was elected President in 1936 while Mr. H. Thomas  assumed that office in 1941, with Ernie Hill the perennial  President during the intervening years. The year 1941 was important with play taking place in the School Auditorium on two and  one-half courts, a great improvement over former facilities.  With the War came a lull, and it was through the enthusiasm  of Gilbert Eraut that the Club was reorganized in 1944 and affiliated with the Pro-Rec organization. Once again Mr. Hill was elected  President, which office he held until Mickey Argue took over in  1947. It was during Chuck Harvey's stint as President that the  epoch event occurred with the members enjoying the luxurious  new High School Gymnasium with four courts on which to play.  In 1949 Gerry Clayton guided the affairs of the Club, to be followed again by Ernie Hill.  Howie Morgan lives in Kelowna. He lived in Oliver for many years, and  played badminton in Oliver, Summerland and Kelowna.  38 ohs SPORTS  ,    j.    f  _ i ■ '     «  «    t ' * ' I   - f'   ' -   « *  ■■t i        " '*   Jfediji..' * it J *   * A        i   *•   ;   «  *   %-t-  (Courtesy Kelowna Museum)  In 1951 Howie Morgan, with the enthusiastic players, organized the first Pre-Christmas Invitational Badminton Tburnament.  Affiliation with the B.C. and Canadian Association proved beneficial with emphasis on a coaching program for Juniors and Seniors  to improve the standard of play.  The next year, Jack Field as President organized important  exhibition matches between some of Canada's champions, including Jean Bardsley, Lois Reid, Ken Meredith and Darryl Thompson.  These displays created immense interest locally.  Harold Ruck successfully led the Club in sponsoring both  the Oliver and Osoyoos Tournaments, while Ellen Gleed provided  sterling service with the instruction of thirty junior players.  The Oliver Badminton Club should be proud of its contributions to the recreation of the community, and the promotion of  sportsmanship and fair play for young players.  ohs 39 TRIBUTES  Doreen Sarah Ella  (Taylor) Brodoway  august 18, 1925 - November 11, 2004  JL JLbi  by June Griswold  n English War Bride and  Springbend Pioneer, Doreen  Srodoway passed away  in her home in Enderby on  November 11, 2004.  Doreen was born in  Basingstoke, England on  August 18, 1925 to Harry and  Irene Taylor. Doreen had a  sister, Lil and a brother,  Charlie.  During WW2 Doreen  worked at an Aeronautical  Company in Basingstoke producing precision aircraft  instruments to help out with  the war effort. She met Joe  Doreen Brodoway. (Courtesy Susie Brodoway) Brodoway, her husband to be,  while he was on leave from the Royal Canadian Engineers.  On September 22, 1945, Doreen and Joe were married at the  Church of the Holy Ghost in Basingstoke.  In February 1946, Joe returned to Canada on the Queen  Elizabeth. In July of 1946, Doreen crossed the ocean to the Port  of Halifax on the Aquitania. From Halifax she travelled across  Canada by train to Vancouver where Joe was waiting for her.  For a few years they lived with Joe's parents while Joe was  employed at the Grindrod Sawmill. In April of 1947 they moved  into one of the company houses. While the family was living in  Grindrod two children, Sandra and David, were born.  By the time Sandra and David were five and three Doreen  and Joe purchased twenty acres in the Springbend area. Joe  worked at Baird Bros. Logging Camp to help with expenses for the  farm. Doreen, with help from the children, did the farm chores.  June and Harry Griswold moved to Salmon Arm from the Springbend area  last fall. When they moved to the Springbend area in 1990 from Kaslo, June  became a member of the Springbend Community Club Society. She wrote the  story of the Springbend School, and several tributes for Pioneers of the  Springbend area.  40 ohs TRIBUTES  In 1954 Susan was born. In 1956 they built a new house and  where the old house was situated they built their new barn.  Doreen was an active member of the Springbend  Community Club Society for many years. She was one of the first  directors. In 1955 members of the club purchased the Springbend  School for one dollar, and then held their meeting at the school  house which became known as the Community Hall.  Doreen was honoured for soliciting for the Heart and Stroke  Foundation for twenty years. She returned twice to England to  visit family and friends. After her last trip in 1959 she found so  many changes she did not feel it was home anymore.  Sadness came to the family in 1987 when their son David  passed away.  In 1995 Doreen and Joe celebrated their 50th wedding  anniversary at their farm home in Springbend.  Doreen was a cheerful person and had the ability to make  people laugh. She was an avid Bingo player and enjoyed playing  cribbage with family and friends. She sang while she worked  around the house and farm.  Doreen was predeceased by her parents, sister and brother.  She is survived by her husband Joe, daughter Sandra (Murray)  Clayton of Texada Island, British Columbia, daughter Sue (Randy)  Duncalfe of Sylvan Lake, Alberta, five grandchildren and two  great-grandchildren.  Service was held November 16, 2004 at St. Andrew's United  church in Enderby with interment in the family plot at Grindrod  Cemetery.  ohs 41 TRIBUTES  Joseph Jasper Capozzi  February 12, 1922 - September 29, 2004  by brother Herb, with a few  additions by Joe's wife, Dee  Joseph Jasper Capozzi. (Courtesy Dee Capozzi)  Joseph Jasper Capozzi was  born in Kelowna, the  eldest son of Pasquale  "Cap" Capozzi of Santo  Stefano, Italy, and Maria Anna  Mussatto of Schaffhausen,  Switzerland. The Capozzi family lived on Abbott Street.  "Cap" was a local grocer and  one of the founders of Calona  Wines. Maria was a pillar of  the Italian community, a fabulous cook and a wonderful gardener. Joe and his brothers  attended Vancouver College  as boarders and developed a  love for athletics - rowing,  football, etc.  Upon graduation from  Vancouver College, Joe enlisted  in   the   RCAF   -   hoping   to  become a pilot, but was instead recruited into a secret new unit of  Britain's RAF - "Radar Division." After completion of his primary  training in Canada, he was transferred to Britain, where he remained  for the duration of the war. His time in England left him with a love  of English humour and a great appreciation of central heating!  After the war, Joe returned home and attended UBC, graduating with a Bachelor of Commerce. He went on to become an  entrepreneur, selling real estate, working for Sun Life Insurance  Co. and owning lumber mills in Beaverdell and Lumby.  He was an innovator of technical equipment relating to the  wine industry, developing a crusher and collapsible bins. He  eventually formed a company called Canadian Winery  Equipment, which started by making fermentation tanks and  wound up building distillery equipment.  When the family decided to build the Capri Hotel and  Shopping Centre, Joe had a construction company that was able  to do the job. He loved building things - the Calona Winery and  Distillery, Kelowna's first carpet factory and Kelowna's biggest  warehouse complex, plus his lovely home on Lakeland Road.  Herb is currently living in Kelowna with his wife Alix. Dee also continues to  live in Kelowna.  42 ohs TRIBUTES  These buildings stand as testimonials to ajob well done and  are all still in use to this day.  In 1970 the Capozzi brothers acquired Panabode Cedar  Homes, which Joe single-handedly built into one of Canada's  largest manufacturers of prefab cedar log homes that were  shipped around the world.  He was truly dedicated to his church, his country and his family. His closest friend and truest companion was his wife Dee. He  was a proud and involved father to his three children - Carla, Patrick  and Kevin, and cherished his grandchildren - Adrien, Chrystale,  Jessica, Mia and Maddy, and special great-granddaughter Maia.  Joe was a fervent Christian, a proud Canadian and a  Celebrant of Life. He once described his life's mantra as a devotee  of the three "Fs" - FAITH, FAMILY and FLYING.  Joe was able to indulge his passion for flying, eventually  attaining not only his private license but also his IFR (instrument)  rating. He wanted to make sure that his beloved airplanes were  suitably protected, and so he built one of the first hangers at the  Kelowna airport. He loved to travel and Mexico became a second  home for many years.  Joe was a dedicated and competitive athlete who overcame  a serious childhood accident that nearly cost him a leg, and left  him with one leg much shorter than the other. He remained  undaunted and went on to become a high school football star, a  competitive tennis player and an avid downhill skier, until  Alzheimer's entered his life and took away his lifetime ski pass at  Big White. He loved to work and he loved to play and did both to  the nth degree . . . and shared it all with his friends!  He died as he lived - with great courage and dignity, in the  arms of his beloved wife Dee. For many people, Joe was both  friend and mentor and this became ever so evident at his funeral  when an overflowing church of more that 500 people gathered  together to celebrate both Joe's love of life and his courageous battle with Alzheimer's.  Brother Herb and several friends would not have been surprised if Joe had raised the lid of the casket and looked down at  the six pallbearers and said "I could have done it with five!"  "A Spirit that soared high  Like the light from a star  And a mien that smiled  At whatever was odd  A lover of Life's pleasures  Whether big or small  And a faith that was steadfast  In search for his God."  Joe passed away on Wednesday, September 29, 2004, at the  age of 82.  ohs 43 TRIBUTES  Charles Elderfield Dore  April 5, 1915 - January 15, 2005  taken from the Eulogy given  by Charlie's nephew, Gerry Vowles  harlie was born in  Pincher Creek, Alberta,  in a stone house that  his father had built himself.  In 1918, the family moved to  Kelowna, where Charlie graduated from Glenn Avenue  High School.  Charlie played softball  and commercial hockey -  when the only rink in town  was an open air one built by  the Dore family on the corner  of Lawrence Avenue and  Water Street. As well as badminton in the winter and tennis in the summer he also did  Charles Elderfield Dore. (c. early 1940's) some   skiing.   There   were   no  (Courtesy Darner Dore) lifts, and SO yOU had to climb  the hill before you could ski down.  After finishing high school in 1931, he took an accounting  course. However there were no jobs to be had during the  Depression, and so he worked as a water boy for his father while  his company was building the Kelowna High School on Richter  Street. He worked on the MV Pentowna on Okanagan Lake, and  also in several packinghouses.  Then came World War II, and Charlie joined up in 1939,  becoming a pilot in the RCAF and then an instructor. He was initially stationed in Penhold, Alberta, and it was there that he met  and married Florence. In 1942, son Darner was born, and in 1943,  after the family moved to Kelowna, daughter Vivian was born. He  spent some time flying out of Comox before going overseas. After  peace was declared (60 years ago this year) Charlie's plane was  the first allied plane to land in Singapore to transport prisoners of  war on the first leg of their homeward journey.  On his return to Kelowna after the war, Charlie was first  employed as a dispatcher and then in the sales department of BC  44 ohs TRIBUTES  Tree Fruits for ten years. He then joined his Dad and brother Dick  with Dore and Sons Construction, working his way up from laborer to carpenter. He was also the company bookkeeper. From 1960  - 1970 he was the president of the Kelowna Builders Association.  From approximately 1954 - 1958 he was the manager of the  Kelowna Packers Hockey Club.  The family had a cabin on Oyama Lake after the war, and  Charlie was a founding member of The Fishing Club. He used to  rent a small Cessna airplane to fly friends and family on tours of  the Okanagan. When his daughter, Vivian, was competing in the  Cross the Lake Swim, Charlie always rowed the boat, making sure  she was covered with grease to help keep out the cold. He was  also an avid photographer.  Charlie played tennis before the war and started to compete  again about 1966, playing at the Kelowna Lawn and Tennis Club,  Kelowna Golf and Country Club and Four Seasons Racquet Club.  He played in Arizona, California, Florida, Mexico and anywhere  else there was a court and competition. During his tennis career  he was awarded the Mister Tennis BC Award in the early 1980's,  and the Tennis Canada Distinguished Award in 2003. He had a  National Doubles ranking with his partner Adrian Peletier. He was  the custodian of all the tennis trophies and was responsible for the  engraving, cataloging and storage of them. The Charlie Dore  Open Junior Championship is played every year, and a tennis  court is named after him at the Four Seasons Racquet Club.  Husband, Father, Grandfather, Great Grandfather, Uncle,  Pilot, Tennis Player, Tournament Organizer, Team Manager,  Fisherman and Photographer are all tremendous accomplishments, but he was especially proud of being a sixty year continuous member of the Kelowna Branch #26 of the Royal Canadian  Legion.  Charlie was predeceased by his wife Florence Frances in  1985. He is survived by his son, Darner (Jeannette); daughter,  Vivian Corry; twin grandsons Peter and Patrick, granddaughter  Lisa Scott (Peter) and great-grandson, Casey Scott.  ohs 45 TRIBUTES  Wilma Doreen  (Clement) Hayes  June 13. 1922 - October 15. 2004  by Jim Hayes, husband of Wilma  Wilma Doreen Clement  was born in the family home on Richter  Street, Kelowna, on June 13,  1922, the third and youngest  child of Ernest Leslie  Clement (1882-1947) and  Margaret Annie Whelan  (1884-1962). Wilma was  proud of her Okanagan roots,  extending back to the arrival  of her Whelan grandparents  (George and Lucy) in 1873  and 1882, and her Clement  grandparents (William Charles  and Matilda Jane) in 1897.  Family was always important  to Wilma.  In 1928, except for her  eldest brother Les, Wilma and  family moved to Westholme  Farm, in Ellison. Years later, Wilma loved to relate tales of her  childhood on the farm, watched over by her loving parents and  devoted brother, Clifford. Lifelong friend, Joan (Matthews)  Chamberlain was a frequent visitor to the Clement home in  Kelowna, and the farm in Ellison. Wilma attended school in  Ellison, where she was a good student under the guidance of  Verna Ford and Eldred Evans. In 1935, Wilma and her parents  moved to Winfield, where the family had purchased the General  Store. Wilma worked in the store with her father, and completed  her education at the Winfield Elementary and Oyama High Schools.  Wilma claimed to have psychic abilities. This was demonstrated in 1943, when she met her future husband, James Herbert  Hayes, then stationed with the Canadian Army at the Battle Drill  School on the Coldstream Ranch. Jim and several others were  invited to a war bonds fund-raising dance at the Oyama  Community Hall. There, Jim asked Wilma to dance. Her reply  Jim Hayes is a longtime resident of the Central Okanagan, arriving here in 1942.  An enthusiastic supporter of the Okanagan Historical Society, Jim has had several articles published in the Annual Report. He resides in Rutland.  Wilma Doreen (Clement) Hayes.  (Courtesy Bob Hayes)  46 ohs TRIBUTES  was, "Yes - I saw you earlier in my tea-cup!" They fell in love, and  were married in Winfield, December 23, 1943. Their marriage of  sixty years was blessed with four children: Sandra Gaye (1945),  Betty-Anne (1947), Patrick James (1953) and Robert Michael (1954).  Upon Jim's return from overseas in early 1946, the couple  and their family lived briefly in Winfield, then Rutland, for forty  years in Glenmore, then back to Rutland where Wilma lived the  rest other life.  Family was Wilma's priority. She devoted herself to her husband, her mother (who long suffered with arthritis), her four children, and their families. Gaye contracted diabetes at the age of  seven, and Wilma worked tirelessly to learn more about this disease, and how she could help her daughter. An ardent member of  the Glenmore School P.T.A., Wilma was also actively involved in  the Wolf Cub Pack, and found time to write the Glenmore column  for The Kelowna Daily Courier. For many years, Wilma took the  reservations for the Dee Lake Fishing Camp, yet still knitted and  sewed for her family. Wilma loved to bake, often using recipes  which had been passed down to her from her Mum. Events such  as Christmas and birthdays were always special, and were a time  for the family to be together. A lover of all animals and birds,  Wilma was frequently called upon to give stray cats or injured  birds a safe home.  For ten years, Wilma worked as a shoe clerk in the local  Sears Store. Upon her retirement, she worked as a volunteer at the  Kelowna General Hospital, and the Leon Avenue "Drop-In  Centre". In her spare time, Wilma wrote prose and poetry, had  several stories published in the O.H.S. Annual Report and poetry  printed in the local newspapers.  Flowers, especially roses, were Wilma's friends, and for forty  years she enjoyed her garden on Highland Drive North. Although  not from a military family, she enjoyed an association with The  British Columbia Dragoons, through Jim and his friends. She was  never happier than when she was chatting with other "army  wives" about their children and grandchildren.  Wilma's health deteriorated in the 1990's. Vascular dementia  forced her to enter the Sun Pointe care facility, in Rutland. There,  she received excellent and loving care from the devoted staff.  Family visited Wilma every day, and three of her four children,  four other grandchildren and three great grandchildren were with  Wilma and Jim as they celebrated their sixtieth wedding anniversary in 2003. It was their final anniversary; Wilma passed away  quietly October 15, 2004, at the age of eighty-two years. Jim was  at her side as she took leave of this Earth, and continued her long  journey. She was survived by Jim, four children, seven grandchildren, and five great grandchildren. Gaye did not long survive her  mother; she died in Portland, Oregon, on November 28, 2004,  aged fifty-nine years. Mother and daughter were again united in  their love.  ohs 47 TRIBUTES  Pauline Legg (nee Patterson)  April 14, 1915 - May 7, 2004  by her niece, Louise Patenaude Roberts  T  ^he Patterson family emigrated from Northern  Ireland during the potato famine in the 1840's. They  settled in Sackville, New Brunswick. The Robison family left  Northumberland County in  England and arrived in  Harvey Station New Brunswick in 1837.  Both families  branched out  and into the  John Harold  Ada  Winifred  across Canada  United States.  Patterson and  Robison were  Pauline Legg. (Courtesy Mary Ellison Bailey)  Charter Member Vernon Branch Canadian  Federation of University Women and Vernon  Good Citizen of the Year 2001  married in the county of Yale,  British Columbia in 1910.  Pauline was born April  14,1915 in Grand Forks,  British Columbia. Soon after,  her father John was transferred to a new division of the  Kettle Valley Railway in  Penticton. John and Ada  found Penticton slow after the bustling mining town of Grand  Forks, but the railway soon changed the town. Penticton became  a lively and interesting place with parties, dances and picnics.  Although Pauline was an only child, she always insisted that  she was not spoiled!  Ada, her mother, came from a musical family and had aspirations of Pauline becoming a concert pianist, and so piano  lessons started at age five. Pauline studied and sat for her music  intermediate theory and practical exams from the Toronto  Conservatory at age fifteen. It was a blow to her mother when  Pauline announced that she knew she was not good enough nor  did she have the desire to become a musician!  In 1925 her Grade 5 year, the family went east to introduce  Pauline to her grandmother and her family roots. They were away  until her grandmother died four months later. Pauline mailed  homework to her teacher on a weekly basis.  Pauline's father died of pneumonia in 1926, during her  Grade 6 year. Pauline's mother had no training for a job. Luckily  48 ohs TRIBUTES  she owned the family home, and soon she was taking in boarders  to make ends meet.  In 1927 Pauline developed rheumatic fever. Previously into  competitive sports, this put a stop to any activity at all. The treatment at the time was bed rest and drops of the poison arsenic!  Lucky for Pauline her teachers subtly got her more interested in  school study and grades, so then Pauline began to excel academically.  Penticton had the second Junior High School in B.C., an  experiment that was Pauline's salvation. She took French from  Grade 7, and Latin from Grade 8. She became editor of the first  Junior High Year Book. Pauline took the subjects she needed to  attend normal school. In Grade 12 Pauline wrote 14 provincial  exams and won one of the regional provincial scholarships.  Her Uncle David and her mother decided Pauline should  leave Penticton and attend UBC, as her scholarship was enough to  pay for her first year.  At UBC there were 300 first year students, 90 of them  women. Pauline boarded out, as there were no female residences.  Pauline joined the music society and the campus newspaper. She  finished the year with a first class standing in every subject and a  scholarship award in English. That paid for half of her second year  of university.  Pauline joined the Alpha Phi International Society, eventually becoming president and representing the UBC Alpha Phi at a  conference in Michigan. She was active in the Women's  Undergraduate Society.  When Pauline left UBC to teach, she wanted to return to the  Okanagan, but not to her mother's home. At one time, her uncle  owned The National Hotel - back in its glory days - and so Pauline  was familiar with Vernon. She accepted a teaching post at the  Vernon Junior High School and stayed there only one year.  The draw of the service was too much for Pauline. She had  learned at a young age that volunteering and being active in her  home, school and community was the best way to effect change  and be successful. Now her country needed her. Pauline joined  the Royal Canadian Air Force Women's Division as an Assistant  Section Officer and was quickly stationed in Ontario. She badly  wanted to serve overseas, and applied for transfer many times.  She once described to me that each application resulted in more  responsibility and eventually promotion. She remained active and  managed a winning women's softball league. She was honourably  discharged in 1942 having attained the grade of Flight Officer.  Then Pauline returned to UBC for her Master's Degree and  briefly taught on Vancouver Island until a teaching position  allowed her to return to Vernon.  She married Peter George Legg at the Vernon United Church  on June 27, 1952. They purchased the Winslow House on Westkal  ohs 49 TRIBUTES  Road in 1954.  Pauline taught English and PE as well as being the Girls'  Counsellor at Seaton Secondary School until her retirement.  Pauline remained an active and committed community volunteer and eventually leader until almost the end other life. She  was thrilled to be awarded the Good Citizen of the Year in 2001.  Family and friends were happy that she was still well  enough to enjoy the honour and attend many of the functions she  was invited to.  Pauline continued to serve Vernon and area in many ways.  She was a strong supporter of the Arts and was involved with the  Arts Council, Vernon Arts Centre, Vernon Community Music  School, Okanagan Symphony Orchestra and the Greater Vernon  Museum and Archives. She had many interests and talents.  Musician, Teacher, Counsellor, Organizer, Treasurer, and Member  of many Boards of Directors.  Organizations in Vernon benefited from her time, connections, interests, abilities and resources. Pauline has always shown  a keen interest in the lives and education of area youth. As counsellor she touched many lives, and countless student lives were  improved by her interest. Her ideas have grown and been productive in many ways we cannot see or know.  Pauline's love of her community is evident by her broad  involvement in so many places; Naturalist Groups including the  Allan Brooks Nature Centre, and The Canadian Nature Federation  both locally and nationally, The Canadian Club of Vernon,  Canadian Mental Health Association and the local Community  Foundation, Okanagan University College, Canadian Federation  of University Women and the Coldstream Women's Institute, The  Boys and Girls Club, People Place, April House, Parkinson's  Support Group and Book Clubs- to name some organizations.  In some organizations she was a primary founding member,  and in others her staunch support and resources kept them going,  Credit for some of her good work has to be shared with Peter, her  husband, who shared the belief that community service was  important. They generously shared their home and hosted many  groups and functions.  From programs to buildings, Pauline did all that she could to  make Vernon a vibrant and interesting place to live. Everyone  who crossed Pauline's path gained from the experience. She was a  true patron of the arts and had a lifelong interest in education.  Pauline was such a public figure that it seemed difficult for  the family to find a way to remember her privately. She was generous with all of us and we will remember the ways that she supported our interests and pushed us to do our best. She listened  and she loved. She lived her life to the best of her ability and will  be remembered for her enthusiasm and energy as well as for her  guidance and support.  50 ohs TRIBUTES  by Sylvia Matejka  Charles J. Matejka. (Courtesy Sylvia Matejka)  Charles J. Matejka  May 6, 1925 - May 2, 2004  f~*^harles J. Matejka was  born in Ponoka on May  V_J6th 1925 to Albert and  Annie Matejka, both recent  immigrants from Prague,  Bohemia, which is now  Czechoslovakia. Albert settled on a plot of land southwest of Ponoka, Alberta.  Around 1950, with a lot of  devotion and hard work by  Albert and his three sons,  Charles being the eldest, the  farm was cleared and named  A. Matejka and Sons. Purebred  cattle, sheep, and pigs were  raised and shipped to many  countries, including Russia.  Charles loved the animals,  especially the Herefords, which  were    his    pride    and   joy.  Charles met me, Sylvia Green, in 1954 when I was a nurse at the  hospital in Ponoka. We were married in 1955 and built a house on  the farm. We had two children, Elisabeth Jane, born in 1957, and  Colin Albert, born in 1959.  Unfortunately, Charles was thrown by a horse when he was  21. He was dragged a couple of miles, and was left with a damaged  spine and fractured pelvis. Many days he would come in and lie  on the floor in pain. One day I said to him, "You cannot continue  like this." I was reading the local tabloid and there was advertised  a hardware store for sale in Nakusp. I suggested he could do this.  His answer was, "What do I know about hardware stores?" My  reply was, "You fix everything here and you built two houses and  several barns." He went out to milk the cows and came back and  said, "What a good idea."  Within two weeks we were on our way to Nakusp. Then we  travelled across the Monashee to Vernon and on to Enderby where  Farr's Hardware was for sale. We continued down the valley looking  Sylvia Matejka was born in Windsor, England, in 1931, and was a practising  R.N. and Midwife before emigrating from England to Canada. She says," In  September 1952, I felt the best thing was to come to Canada, and the second  best thing was to marry Charles. Niclas Kellogg was so kind to help me with  this article."  OHS 51 TRIBUTES  at various businesses. Our thoughts kept revolving around  Enderby, and so we decided to return to the North Okanagan for  a meeting with George Salt, the realtor who had previously shown  us Farr's Hardware. George and Charles discovered common  interests in family, Lions International, and trapshooting, all of  which helped clinch the sale of the hardware store and our future  life in Enderby.  So, home to Ponoka we went. Grandpa was not too happy to  hear about our decision but helped arrange a sale of stock. We left  Ponoka January 2nd, 1962, less than three months after the initial  thought. We arrived in Enderby January 6th, after a ghastly journey. A friend was driving the Matejka 3-ton truck. Charles, I, and  our children travelled in our car. It was a particularly long and  strenuous journey to Enderby due to adverse weather conditions.  We officially took over the hardware store on January 15th,  1962, and renamed it Central Hardware. Charles immediately  started the process of renovating the store; this continued until we  sold it. He brought in building supplies, furniture, and giftware.  Many appliances were stocked. Charles had a giving and sympathetic nature. If a customer came in, needing an appliance immediately, I would find mine missing from home. While talking to  the customers, Charles' favourite quote was, "If we haven't got it,  we will get it." His belief was to "give the customer what they want  and they will return. Returning customers mean a healthy business, which contributes to a thriving community." We loved our  new venture and the challenges we faced.  Our young children, too, helped in the store. Jane's forte was  gift-wrapping. The counter was too high, and Charles, always creative in finding solutions, built a stool that enabled her to reach  the paper and ribbon. Colin was Charles' little helper in the tool  and nail section. One incident stands out in our years in the hardware store. We received a blank signed cheque with a note saying,  "I know I owe you money, please fill in the amount." Charles was  very honoured.  Charles saw a great need in sharing community resources.  This led to us buying cutlery and dishes and renting them to the  various organizations, which saved the community volunteers a  trip to Vernon.  During this time, Charles was actively involved in Lions  activities, such as the spray pool, pool changing room, and pancake breakfasts. His motto was "you must give back to the community. " We sold the hardware store in June 1974.  By November I felt we had been retired long enough. We  bought Enderby Jewellers from Mr. and Mrs. Pidoborozny and  opened it around the beginning of December of that year. Once  again, Charles' creative abilities came into play. However, the  curling rink needed repairs and he spent many hours with  Howard Hadden refurbishing it. I was left to run the store.  52 ohs TRIBUTES  Some time in the mid-seventies Charles became a volunteer  ambulance driver for the Lions club. It was not unusual for me to  find a sign on the jewellery store door saying "On ambulance call"  when returning from my errands. He was also volunteering for  the Chamber of Commerce, and was in charge of the reconstruction of the main street. He nicknamed the project 'Little Beirut.'  As a token of the appreciation of the community Charles  was given the Lion of the Year Award in 1976, the Lion of the  Decade in 1977, and the Royal Canadian Legion Award in 1980.  This was followed by the Citizen of the Year Award in 1981 for the  many years of hard work in the Lions Club and the Chamber of  Commerce.  The community of Enderby always came first. We were  going to build a house next to the United Church, and Mrs.  Bennett, a long-time local resident, asked whether we would sell  the property to the church. Of course we did. Now there are  senior residences on it. The piece of property where the Enderby  Senior Citizens Hall now stands was also ours for a week or two  and was then sold to the Seniors Association. Charles purchased  what was known as the Kiwi property on the corner of Mill and  Belvedere Streets. Because of the need for more parking spaces in  the new city plan, the city bought the parking lot the following year.  The jewellery store was a fun time. Our son and daughter  helped us for the first year. Charles grew to love it. He loved to  wrap gifts. He would put rocks or a brick in the boxes with the  purchases, so the inquisitive women could not guess what was in  the package. I remember one woman saying, "You don't know  how close you came to getting that brick through your window."  She just couldn't find that ring. On one occasion Charles sold an  anniversary band to a wife, and her husband came in a week later.  He bought the matching band with our help. They were delighted  when they each opened their Christmas gifts and found they  matched.  In 1988-89 Charles was given the Melvin Jones Award for  dedicated humanitarian services. He was also presented with the  Judge Brian Stevenson Award in 1996-97. In 1999 a Lifetime  Membership in the Lions Club was conferred upon him.  We retired in December 1990. Charles became involved with  the Reform-Alliance Conservative Party and was on the board of  the Okanagan-Shuswap Constituency for approximately five  years. He admired Darell Stinson, M.P., for his integrity and honesty. He was proud to drive him in our little red and white sports  car in the local parades.  Judy Dangel, who had been our respected and devoted  employee, bought the jewellery business. We enjoyed our years of  retirement. Charles remained active in community work, and  both of us felt blessed to have been guided to this beautiful city.  Charles passed away on May 2, 2004.  ohs 53 TRIBUTES  Rose Palleson  June 10, 1901 - May 14, 2004  Rs  Rose Palleson. (Courtesy Florence Niddery)  by Florence Niddery  ose Palleson passed  away May 14th 2004 at  he Surrey Memorial  Hospital, Surrey, B.C. On  June 10, she would have been  103 years old. Rose was born  at Olalla, B.C., the daughter of  Joseph and Julia Marsel, pioneer ranchers of the  Similkameen Valley.  In 1937, Rose and husband Nels and their family  moved into their home located  on the King George Highway  in Surrey, which was then a  two lane gravel road. The  young family had no electricity and shopping was done at  the Trading Post. Commercial  fishing was the Palleson family's livelihood.  Rose was a wonderful mother and friend, and is sadly  missed by all. Gardening and music were her passions. Happiest  times were participating in family gatherings - Rose at the piano,  or playing the harmonica, with everyone singing. "Me and Bobby  McGee" was her very favourite song. Every year she looked forward to her annual visit home to the Okanagan where she visited  family and friends and picked fresh  Okanagan fruit.  Rose was predeceased by her  husband of 66 years in 1991; eldest  son Larry in 2001, granddaughter  Marjorie in 2004, brothers Leo,  Frank, Fraser and Edward, sisters  Elizabeth McLean, Nellie Peterson,  Sara Richter, Mary Babowski and  Melena Bevz. She is survived by  sons Harold and Edward, daughter-  in-law Shirley, sister Mary Barber,  five grandchildren, thirteen great  grandchildren and seven great,  great grandchildren.  Rose and husband Nels in their garden.  (Courtesy Florence Niddery)  Florence Niddery resides in Okanagan Falls and is a niece of Rose Palleson. Her  parents, William and Elizabeth McLean were Okanagan Falls ranching pioneers.  54 ohs TRIBUTES  Alberta Olivine Parsons  (nee Johnstone)  February 11, 1911 'ñ† November 20, 2004  by Stu Meldrum  Alberta Olivine Parsons (Courtesy Pat Parsons)  On November 20, 2004  the Similkameen Valley  lost a wonderful character and pioneer of the valley. Alberta was the first  white person born at  TUlameen on February 11,  1911. She was the fourth child  of Albert Everet Johnstone  and Susan Louisa Allison,  who was the fourth child of  Susan Louisa and John Fall  Allison.  Her early years were  spent on a farm on the Five  Mile near Princeton where  she attended Kilarney School  at age six. Because of a gambling debt, the family was to  lose the farm. As a result, they had to live in a tent for a year on  Alfred Thomas' property on the One Mile. In 1922, Alberta's  father decided to buy another farm at Wolf Creek, located approximately ten miles east of Princeton on Highway #3. To pay for the  property, Al went north to the Yukon and N.W Territories from  1922 to 1927. During this time, because the nearest school was in  Princeton, Alberta stayed with Bert and Grace Thomas, the  Demouth family, and Carrie Thomas.  After finishing school, Alberta worked for the Digman family  for $8.00 per month. In 1932,with Clover Thomas, Alberta went to  Oliver to work at the packinghouse and later worked in  Keremeos. There she met her future husband, Douglas  Parsons, whose father H.B. Parsons came to the valley in  1908 to farm.  Stu Meldrum is a nephew of Alberta and lives in Campbell River, B.C. Alberta  was like a historical mentor to him and he always enjoyed his visits and adventures with his "favourite" aunt.  ohs 55 TRIBUTES  Alberta and Douglas were married in 1937. They purchased  a house in Keremeos where two of their children were born,  Patrick (1938) and Maurice (1941).  In 1946, they moved to Cawston and established one of the  first orchards on the upper bench. A third child, Laura was born  in 1947. Life was difficult as there was no phone, electricity, or  water. During the winter months, water had to be hauled in barrels from the Terbaskets. In 1951, while in Cawston, they were to  establish one of the early fruit stands located just west of  Keremeos on Highway #3. The fruit stand is still in operation  today. They moved back to Keremeos to reside, and later in 1953,  built a house near the fruit stand.  Alberta loved history. She was familiar with the Allison family  history, and had many wonderful stories that related to the family  and history of the valley. She knew all the families that lived on  D'Arcy Mountain and could recall many stories about people and  places. When travelling on the Old Hedley Road, Alberta could  recall all the families, stopping stations and petroglyph sites. She  was an active community member and was involved with the  cubs, church, P.T.A. and Keremeos Museum. She was instrumental  in seeing the potential of the gristmill on the Barrington Price  property and was disappointed that the provincial government  developed it rather than the local museum.  Alberta and Douglas were avid collectors of native artifacts  and baskets, bottles, china, traps, and tractor seats. They had a  piece of a Spanish sword that was found in the Similkameen.  Alberta had a keen eye and was always finding artifacts that others  missed. One other great finds was a pouch full of arrowheads.  Like her grandmother, Susan Louisa Allison, and mother,  Susan Louisa Johnstone, Alberta reflected that pioneer spirit and  passed on many wonderful memories to her family and friends.  She will be dearly missed.  56 ohs TRIBUTES  Henry Oliver Paynter  February 24, 1907 - March 30, 2005  Henry Oliver Paynter.  (Courtesy Sheila Paynter)  enry was born in Alnwick,  Northumberland, England  .on February 24, 1907. He  came to Canada when he was  two years old and the family  lived in East Kelowna, moving  to Westbank in 1919.  Henry became  a beekeeper at the age of twelve,  and years later he was still selling honey. He purchased his  first orchard in  1927.  Henry  attended   Herbert's   Business  College in 1932, was secretary of  the Westbank Irrigation District  from 1932 - 1942, director of the  Westbank Co-op and treasurer of St.  George's Church. He joined and served  in the RCAF from 1942 - 1945. He was  Past  Grand  Master  of the  Masonic  Lodge #83.  Henry was always an athlete. He was a member of the winning team of the 1930 Gilbey Spey Rifle Shooting Shield and was  also a member of both the Westbank and Kelowna Badminton  clubs, playing in badminton tournaments across Canada and the  U.S. and in many other countries. He was in the Guinness Book  of World Records in 2004/05 for being the oldest competitive badminton player in the world. He was also a charter member of the  Westbank Yacht Club and the Westbank Credit Union.  According to his son, Geoffrey, Henry had three mottos: "eat  to live, not live to eat," "I'd rather wear out than rust out" and  "work until the job's finished." His friends said of him: "He was a  wonderful man, a really good badminton player, an all-round gentleman. One of a kind. We all loved him." "We should be very  happy that in our lifetime we met a man of Henry's qualities."  "His personality, his dry sense of humour, were something else.  He's been an inspiration to myself and many others; his willingness to participate and be a friend to us all. We'll miss him very  much, but he will always be in our memories."  Henry died in the Kelowna General Hospital on March 30,  2005. He was ninety-eight years old. Henry is survived by his wife  Sheila; six children: Geoffrey (Marcia), Gillian (Michael), Farlie,  Henry (Barbara), David (Laurie) and Alisen; thirteen grandchildren, two great granddaughters and his sister Jessica Johnson.  ohs 57 TRIBUTES  The following are excerpts taken from an Epic Poem written  for Henry Paynter by his wife, Sheila Paynter in 1998.  I TELL OF CHARMS AND THE MAN  "In 1927 he can buy the first of numerous lots,  Clears off the pines and plants some apple trees;  His life is bound up forever now  With Okanagan's prime main industry."  "Age twenty-three with slow heart beat  He makes a tough competitor  In the long distance foot race out of Oliver,  May 24th, his favourite holiday.  He has no spikes, no coach -  Just the burning will to win,  Front runner by the grandstand's total length.  No one shows up to try to beat him in the next two years  So he accepts the cup in perpetuity  And turns to another sport  Helped by a trainer, Max de Pfyffer,  A coach in badminton."  "In the meantime his partnership with Johnson grew.  'We should diversify' Thus Art and Henry thought.  And subsequently bought a cattle ranch  From Alan Davidson at Shannon Lake.  The year was 1940."  "Joined up to fly 'Into the Wild Blue Yonder.'  Alas. Tbo old for aircrew H.O. served out  His air force days in Service Police,  Patrolling trains across the breadth of Canada.  Henry requested posting Overseas.  Each time he did, he found himself  Much further north instead...."  "And just by chance or fate  Or call it what you will  He met his wife-to-be.  (Sheila McKay, on leave from Summerside.)  They passed each other on a sidewalk of the discharge base  And each took note the other one was home.  They met again in Peachland  At a New Year's dance  That led to marriage the next Fall."  "The sport of badminton wove a bright coloured thread  For eighty years throughout his life."  "Who do you know at 98  Still plants a yearly batch of corn,  Weeds, waters and then picks the crop?  What keeps him busy every single day?  He's stacking wood and feeding fowl  And picking up the mail.  His energy invigorates us all  As he lives out his twin philosophies:-  Look straight ahead, not hack.  And, on a Taiwan plate in Chinese script:-  Old hut still strong.  Information obtained from: * The Daily Courier article of April 5/05. * Obituary  58 ohs TRIBUTES  Mary Sim Plaskett  1913 - 2004  by Leslie Plaskett  Mary Sim Plaskett was  born in Ravenglass,  England in 1913 to  Ann and Abraham Sim. Along  with her parents and elder  sister Elsie, she left her  Cumberland home as a young  baby to relocate to Merino,  Montana, that same year.  Her mother had been a  pastry chef at Muncaster  Castle, her father a master  trainer of fox hounds as well  as a miller. Their immigration  to Montana was driven partly  by promises made by the US  government of large farmland  parcels - their settlement  encouraged to justify the con-  Mary Sim Plaskett. (Courtesy Leslie Plaskett) tinuation   of   the   westbound  railroad. The other reason they chose this course was to be close  to Abraham's sister, Elizabeth, and Ann's brother Ike Roberts, who  had married and settled in Washington State.  Molly, as she was always known, lived in Montana for ten  years where her brother William (Bill) was born. These were  drought years, and they were unable to make their farm viable.  Abraham started to think about what their next move should be  and out of the three choices he considered, managing an orchard  in Osoyoos was the one that appealed to him the most.  They arrived in 1923 and with the exception of Bill, who had  US citizenship and worked for Weyerhaeuser in Washington, all of  the family lived their lives in Osoyoos. Molly went to the one  room school in Osoyoos. She, Elsie and Bill had one horse to share  and they took turns riding him to school. Lunch was packed in old  lard pails; their clothes were handmade, and pressed by a flat iron  heated on the wood stove. Their first home was on the eastside of  Osoyoos Lake close to where the par three golf course is located today.  Leslie Plaskett is Molly Plaskett's youngest daughter. Leslie lived in Calgary  after graduating from Southern Okanagan Secondary School (SOSS) in 1967. In  Calgary, she received her Education Degree from the University of Calgary,  and worked for Pacific Western and then Canadian Airlines. She moved back  to Osoyoos in 1995 and works for the Oliver Chronicle as News Editor.  ohs 59 TRIBUTES  Attending school locally limited the students to achieving  only a Grade 8 education, but Molly took correspondence courses  to complete her Grade Ten. Higher education was only available  in Penticton and the family could only afford to send Elsie at that time.  At about the same time Molly had come to Osoyoos as a  young girl, Aubrey Kenneth Plaskett (Ken) had come as a young  man in his late teens, working in the orchards up the Valley and  travelling via the SS Sicamous to get there. His father, Robert  Henry Plaskett prior to 1920 had partnered with other growers to  plant some of the earlier orchards. Previously R.H. had ranched  in the foothills of Alberta at Pincher Creek and worked on the  Waldron Horse Ranch.  No TV, no phones, basic roads, basic cars but still a world  filled with entertainment. The young living in Osoyoos at this  time formed hockey teams, hiked, camped and fished, and herring-boned their way up the mountains to ski.  There were dances and socials held at different homes, cards  and badminton were played and lots of work was to be done as  well. They did not ever lack for entertainment or things to do.  Molly and Ken met in the midst of these activities and ultimately  became engaged and then married in 1934.  While they were establishing an orchard of their own, Ken  ran several different businesses, among them the Dawson and  Plaskett Freight and Transport Company and Garage and Gas  Station located where Shoppers Drug Mart now sits on Main Street.  Ken and Molly were central figures in the development of  Osoyoos, as many of the early residents were. They were active  volunteers - Molly was a long-time member of the Women's  Auxiliary for the Anglican Church. She belonged to the Eastern  Star and the Hospital Auxiliary. She taught Sunday School for a  time, and along with others spent hours decorating the old community hall for dances such as the Snowball Frolic.  Ken was a Mason, Shriner, School Board Trustee, and member of the Gyro Club. He also belonged to the Co-operative  Packinghouse, sending his fruit there to be sorted and packed.  Both Molly and Ken were life-long golfers and charter members  of the Osoyoos Golf and Country Club and the Oroville Golf Club,  located 'across the line' in Oroville, Washington. They were avid  bridge enthusiasts. Molly also was very involved with painting and  belonged to the early art clubs in Osoyoos. She was a brilliant seamstress.  The Plasketts were honoured by the Historical Society,  receiving the Pioneer Award, and Molly dedicated the Pioneer  Walkway in Osoyoos at its opening ceremonies. After Ken passed  away in 1979, her daughter Fran moved back to Osoyoos; her  other daughter, Leslie moved back in 1995.  Molly passed away in 2004, just after her 91st birthday, taking with her a treasure of memories of growing up in and with  Osoyoos - when there were only one or two stores on Main Street,  and sage-covered sand dunes lay on either side of the wooden bridge.  60 ohs TRIBUTES  Judy Toms  May 18 1938 - November 18. 2004  by Jarret Dais and Wendy Sparks  Judy Toms was the resident caretaker/curator at  the Father Pandosy  Mission Site for the past twenty years. She took great pleasure in learning the local history and was always ready to  share her knowledge. Over the  years Judy has greeted bus  tours, school groups and individuals, often dressed in traditional outfits from the early  days. She would tell stories of  the Mission's lively history, and  tales of our pioneers.  If Judy was not at the  Mission site, she could often  be found at Mission Creek,  observing wild life, listening  Judy Toms. (Courtesy Jarret Dais & Wendy Sparks)    £0    the   birds    and    enioying  nature. She was involved with the education program at the koka-  nee spawning channels for the last fifteen years. Many of our  school children have gone away with a new respect for our environment having listened to Judy's stories about the kokanee  salmon and their journey up the creek to lay their eggs.  Judy was born in Keewatin, Ontario, daughter of Esther and  Silas Toms and a sister to Dale. Some of her shining moments growing up were: being the goalie on a women's hockey team, being honoured as Snow Carnival Queen for the Kenora District, belonging to  the school Rifle Club and working her way to becoming a pilot.  After High School, Judy became a legal secretary. She married and became the mother of the love of her life, Lance. After  moving to Kelowna with her family, she worked at the Kelowna  General Hospital and later at Cottonwoods Care Center. Judy was  an avid traveller. She would throw together a packsack and head  out on an adventure to places far and near. Along with many  wilderness trips in the Okanagan, Judy has travelled in Arizona,  Sweden, Alaska and Vancouver Island. Everywhere she went Judy  made life long friends. People were drawn to her inquisitiveness,  her gentleness and her fun-loving nature.  Both Jarret and Wendy were very good friends of Judy Ibms. She was like  family to them.  OHS 61 TRIBUTES  Judy was involved in so many areas of Kelowna life. She  enjoyed bird watching, horse back riding, timing at rodeos, Tai  chi-Qi gong and drawing. Many days were spent lying under the  trees watching her cats. If there was an opportunity to listen to  music or dance with friends, Judy would be there!  Judy fought a courageous battle against cancer for the last  four years. She passed away peacefully at her home at the Father  Pandosy Mission site. Judy Toms, "the lady at the Mission with the  long white hair," will be sadly missed.  SOME PEOPLE COME INTO OUR LIVES AND  QUICKLY GO. SOME STAY AWHILE AND LEAVE  THEIR FOOTPRINTS ON OUR HEARTS, AND WE  ARE NEVER EVER THE SAME.  62 ohs TRIBUTES  David & Gordon Wight  by Andrea Dujardin Flexhaug  David Wight (left) and Gordon Wight (right).  (Courtesy Wight Family)  To Joan Wight, they  were known affectionately as "Davie" and  "Gordie". To the rest of Oliver,  they were known as the  father and son duo of William  Gordon Wight and David  Laird Wight. Tragically, son  David (Dave) Wight passed  away suddenly, July 3, 2004,  while on family holidays in  Florida. He was aged fifty-  eight, and left to grieve were  his wife Roberta (Robbie), son  Derek and daughter Kara.  Also sadly, his father  Gordon passed away seven  months later in Penticton on  February 2, 2005. He was pre  deceased by his wife Anne in 1977, after fifty-five years of marriage. Both the Wight men were very well-known in the community of Oliver.  Gordon was born in North Vancouver on June 29, 1916, and  was a graduate of the University of Washington in economic theory and foreign trade. He had various careers including active  duty in the U.S. Merchant Marines as chief radio operator. He  moved to Osoyoos in 1948 and later to Oliver, where he became  an orchardist. Still later, he was a Board Member and two term  President of B.C. Tree Fruits, an insurance broker and owner of  Wight Insurance Agency in Oliver.  Sister-in-law Joan Wight (married to Gordon's brother James  Laird, who died in 1995), shares a few thoughts about Gordon. "He  was smart, very witty," she remembers. "He was optimistic." She  adds that he made many friends in the community through his  love of golfing, sailing, curling and interest in local heritage. Joan  remembers the Wights as being a close family with lots of family  dinners and parties.  Andrea Dujardin Flexhaug was formerly a staff member of the Osoyoos  Times. She presently writes and edits for the OHS Report as Branch Editor  for Oliver-Osoyoos.  ohs 63 TRIBUTES  "Dave was into everything, very active and working all the  time," recalls Joan Wight about her nephew. "He was a smart guy  with two smart kids," she says, referring to Dave's children Derek  and Kara. Much of his work was community service, particularly  with the Oliver Rotary Club, where he served two terms as  President. He also served with the Oliver and District Chamber of  Commerce as a member and Past President. He was a founder  and executive member of the South Okanagan Secondary School  Enrichment Fund Society, Oliver Desert Centre Committee and  the Hike and Bike Trail.  Although David was born in New York City, he grew up in  Oliver, and attended Oliver Elementary School in 1964. He attended the University of Washington in Seattle and earned a Bachelor  of Arts degree in Geography. He also worked for CP Air in  Vancouver. In 1978, he returned to Oliver and became a partner  with his father in the general insurance business, later taking over  this business when his father retired.  As Joan Wight notes, in a small town everybody knows  everybody, and in Oliver, the two Wight men were especially well-  known and are missed.  64 ohs HERITAGE BUILDINGS ARE A HISTORICAL TREASURE  The Cover of this 69th Report  T.K. Smith Home /  Central Elementary  This Report our cover depicts two heritage buildings, underlining the need to preserve such works of art as part of our  history.  On the front is the Thomas Knight Smith home in  Armstrong, portrayed in water colour by artist Charlene  Woodbury A.F.C.A. This original painting was loaned by Jessie  Ann Gamble's daughter Jennifer. Jessie Ann sends the following  history of this imposing building.  T.K. Smith House in Armstrong.  (Courtesy Jessie Ann Gamble)  3050 Okanagan  Built around 1904  Historic Name  Eastview  Recorded in a 1999 inventory  This building was constructed by T.W. Fletcher around 1904.  The Fletcher family briefly lived in the house before moving to  the Lower Mainland. The T.K. Smith family occupied the property around 1905 and stayed in the house until Mr. Smith died on  November 28, 1936. T.K. Smith was a very prominent member of  ohs 65 T.K. SMITH HOME / CENTRAL ELEMENTARY  Armstrong. He was active in community life and politics as well  as running the local sawmill. The Fraser sisters, close relatives of  the Smiths, took over the property after T.K. Smith's death.  The building was constructed in a free classical Queen Anne  style. Details such as the fully wrapping verandah, busy hipped  roofs with gables and dormers as well as the southwest bay signify this style. The current owners have taken great care to sympathetically restore the property whenever repairs have been needed.  Replacement windows and doors are specially made to be consistent with the rest of the house. When the roof was redone, cedar  shingles were used in order to maintain the integrity of the building.  The house is very large and spacious. It is two stories as well  as an unfinished attic and a basement. Two staircases service the  floors. The building's wrapping verandah has the original Doric  columns whereas the large balcony above the verandah has  replacement railings in order to meet the needs of a family and  City code. The house was painted brown until 1993 when it was  repainted with a light taupe colour. In Fletcher family pictures the  house is painted in light colours.  There are many unique features to the house. These include  two stain glass windows and two small leaded windows. The stain  glass windows are located in the dining room and the front staircase. These windows can be seen in early photos of the building.  The leaded windows can be found vertical from each other on  separate floors. The home is covered in oak flooring while the dining room also has fir paneling. The parlour has a large pocket door  that is made even more unique due to its size and the fact that it  is one single panel.  Original touches can be found throughout the building.  Some of the original light fixtures remain, as well as a few of the  original light switches. Although the house's heating now relies on  natural gas, the original radiators are still present. Three brick  chimneys can be found, as well as three fireplaces, although some  of the fireplaces have had to be altered. In the parlour, the lathing  and plaster is being actively preserved, although it is no longer  present throughout most of the house. On the second floor, consisting mostly of bedrooms, there is a claw footed tub in the bathroom.  This building has had a variety of additions and renovations,  but retains an overall cohesive character. The first addition was  very early on and involved the construction of a large section  attached to the back of the house. This addition included a sleeping porch on the second floor. Then a shed was attached to the  back of the house. In 1995, this shed was made a part of the larger  building and became a small sitting area off the kitchen. When  66 ohs T.K. SMITH HOME / CENTRAL ELEMENTARY  this was done, the owners left a shadow of the shed door by making the space into a fireplace with glass outlining the original construction. The kitchen was renovated in 1995 as well. The butler's  area was changed into a powder room. Also the house is systematically having the insulation changed from the blow in cellulose  to fiberglass.  The property originally consisted of five acres. Currently,  the property is three and a half acres. Two lily ponds can be found  on the north side of the property, but are currently unkempt.  Piping was found in the back yard and has been used to create a  water and rock garden in the original  space. At least two  courts were in the  front yard within  the first year of the  house being built  but have since  been removed. A  carriage house can  be found at the  back of the property, consisting of two  floors and a basement. It is either in  Tennis players on courts in front of T.K. Smith Home. this location Or the  (Courtesy Jessie Ann Gamble) shpd On the hark of  the house that the gardener stayed.  MB  tET9EsM   .  Hi       iSii*^  ■,r^^.'CT    —#- +  S>--/   >^i=Ju  Sources:  1990's inventory  Box 12 file 74 interview with Lillian Fraser  Funeral Home card, T.K. Smith  Interview with Rief family July 16, 1999  On the back cover is the stately Central Elementary School  (Kelowna Public School), Richter Street, Kelowna. It is portrayed  in watercolour by the artist, Dr. Jim Dukelow, who kindly gave  permission to use his work.  Sometimes referred to as The Grand Old Lady of Richter  Street, this beaux-arts inspired architecture school was built in  1913 and officially opened on January 20, 1914. Ten large classrooms, an auditorium, two teachers' rooms and two large basement play rooms were constructed by contractor Alfred Ivey at a  ohs 67 T.K. SMITH HOME / CENTRAL ELEMENTARY  cost of $75,000- which included both the building and the furnishings! The first principal was A.R. Lord- later principal of  Vancouver Normal School.  ***It should be noted that on January 21, 1914-the day after  Central Elementary officially opened - a four room brick school was  opened in Rutland.  K>*  ■sSslifilfifH ■—1"<1- 1 ■ 1 r I JV\  S3 9?  JULliJ  mMM.       %.l  HislSiiliifl II I 1 ■ f SSf T  |.;:|..:_L:l;n|  an  gpffiliu.wi          jgi '^.iwiwn   j  T"  ■fc*-  '--   ^__  ^   i  "338 m_-_. ._"...     1  Central Elementary School.  In the early years, huge woodpiles to supply the school furnace stretched behind the school to the east. The front lawn of the  school with its terraces was always immaculate, since students  were never permitted to play there or indeed to use the front door.  It was reserved for teachers and guests.  Inside Central, the staircases from the lower main hall were  so positioned that the principal could stand and look to the second  floor-keeping track of proceedings on both levels.  On January 20, 1964, a marvellous Jubilee Reunion was held  at the school, when former students and teachers met to celebrate  fifty years of memories. In 1989, staff at the school hosted another get-together of alumni-to celebrate seventy-five years.  Kelowna had its one hundredth birthday this year (2005). As  part of the festivities, there was an Open House at Central  Elementary on May 7th. Of particular interest was the classroom  furnished and operated in "the old manner" by the Kelowna  Branch of the Retired Teachers' Association.  All former students, staff (teaching, clerical and custodial)  and anyone interested could tour the old school, view the excellent display of old photographs and most of all-renew memories  of The Grand Old Lady of Richter Street.  68 ohs THE CLOSING OF RUTLAND ELEMENTARY SCHOOL  The Closing of Rutland  Elementary School  by Evelyn Vielvoye  group of new settlers (who originated from Missouri, and  then migrated to Idaho, USA) arrived in the Black Mountain  .area in 1893 by covered wagon. Some of these hardy immigrants pre-empted land around the foot of Black Mountain, and  some families settled as far back as what is now known as the Joe  Rich area. We are amazed at the resilience of these early settlers,  to come to a totally unsettled area with their meagre possessions,  and to survive and bring up their families in these conditions.  At the beginning, this group of venturing settlers sent their  children to the Okanagan School in the Benvoulin area, which was  part of the Okanagan School District, and had been erected in  1874. However, in 1896 a small log school was built on John  McClure's property (which later belonged to the J.A. Garner family), closer to the Black Mountain settlement. It was felt that this  settlement now had enough of their own children, and they were  travelling such a long way for their education. The building was  constructed above Prior Brown's place, on the road that ran to  Black Mountain. It would have stood approximately where later  the front lawn of the J.A. Garner's home was situated, at the corner of Lewis and Belgo Roads. The schoolhouse measured fourteen feet by eighteen feet, with two small windows on either side  of the building, a roof of poles covered with straw and a top-coating of earth, a rough board door, and a rough, unplaned board  floor. A barn was built for the horses across the road on the former  N.J. Waddington orchard. Each horse was often used to transport  a whole family.  The pioneer children were a hardier lot than those of the  present generation. They walked or came by horseback for unbelievable distances. The Rice children who lived in the Wallace  Road area travelled seven miles; the Praether children who lived  on what later was known as the Pyman Ranch on the upper bench  Evelyn was born in Grayson, Saskatchewan, and came to Kelowna in 1946  with her parents, Anton and Elizabeth Ottenbreit. She attended Rutland  Elementary and Rutland Jr. Sr. High School, graduating in 1957, and then  worked at the Capri Hotel in the Office. Evelyn married John Vielvoye in  1965, and has a passion for history and family roots.  ohs 69 THE CLOSING OF RUTLAND ELEMENTARY SCHOOL  of Rutland (where later the first ski bowl existed), came six miles;  others lived within two miles of the pioneer school.  Miss Annie Fenton was the first teacher. She boarded with  the McClure family and received ten dollars a month as salary.  She was treated very well but late in the spring of 1897, she left,  and Fred Watson replaced her.  A more central and larger frame construction school was  built in 1898 on the Axel Eutin property (which now houses a  large subdivision where the old Rutland Airport was located). It  was situated on the west side of the road, about a half mile from  Rutland four corners (corner of Rutland Road and Highway 33), at  the point where Belgo Road bends sharply to the east. At this time  the provincial government was responsible for paying a teacher's  salary. Teacher J.W. Clements resided in what is now Kelowna  and drove to school by horse and buggy every day.  The Black Mountain School was closed because of a lack of  children, and then reopened in the fall of 1901. Miss Minnie  Eleanor Nicholas was now in charge. At first she boarded with the  Y.B. Brown family, but later resided at Mount View Ranch owned  by John Dilworth, which is about where the Boyd Drive-in  Theatre once stood. Salary at this time was $50 per month with  room and board being $15. The teachers did well on this salary.  Once again the Black Mountain School was closed because  of the lack of pupils (many of these children were kept at home  to do farm chores, etc.). In 1904 it was reopened under the charge  of Miss Ada Howell.  By 1908 this building had become inadequate and a new  frame school was erected on property donated by the Central  Okanagan Land Company, about 100 yards west of the corner of  Highway 33 and Rutland Road. This building later became Anne's  Dress Shoppe. The Eutin School was moved to a site near the  Black Mountain Irrigation Office in 1910, and converted into a  Community Hall, and also a place of worship for the Presbyterian  Church.  The third Black Mountain School again was inadequate  because of the influx of new families, and as a result a Brick  School was planned in 1912, and erected on the site where it still  exists, about one mile north of the Rutland four corners on the  west side of Rutland Road. The land had been purchased for  $2,400 with a loan from D. Lloyd-Jones, repayable at $400 per  year. School operating costs were about $2,000 per year, including  the land payment. Total construction cost was $21,000 for this fine  new building. Exterior was red brick, possibly from Enderby.  Beaux Arts tradition of Institutional buildings was the style: late  70 ohs THE CLOSING OF RUTLAND ELEMENTARY SCHOOL  Opening day at the new Brick School in Rudand, September 1912.  (Courtesy S.D. 23 Retired Teachers Assoc.)  Victorian details arched window openings; pilasters denote the  structural bays on the end of the building; side entrances; and a  central service/administrative block. There were four large classrooms, a central hall, and a full basement providing ample playing room. Two classrooms were divided by a rolling wooden shutter that could be rolled up into the ceiling to make a large hall for  assemblies, public meetings, dances, etc.  Messrs. Baldock and Ward, as subcontractors for W. H.  Raymer of Kelowna, whose tender had been accepted by the  School Trustees H.A. Elder, Samuel Gray and T. Barber, built the  four room Brick School and the school opened in September of  1913. On January 21, 1914, a ceremony by the Hon. Price Ellison,  Member of the Legislature for Okanagan and Minister of  Agriculture in the Provincial Cabinet, officially opened the new  four-room Brick School in the Rutland Community.  Messrs. Thos. Lawson and WR. Trench of the Board of  School Trustees estimated the following expenditures for the  School District for the year of 1912:  Teachers' Salaries: High School Principal and Public School -  $1,500; Assistant High School - $1,320; Teacher 2nd Division -  $1,200; 3rd Division - $850; 4th Division - $810; 5th Division -  $780; 6th Division - $1,020; 7th Division - $840; and $400 for an  additional teacher after summer vacation. Secretary's salary -  $125; Janitor's salary - $900 with $300 for supplies; building maintenance - $50; grounds - $45 with high school building;  maintenance - $200; fuel - $800; plus about $1,000 in other  miscellaneous expenses.  In his speech, Honourable Price Ellison predicted that the  OHS 71 THE CLOSING OF RUTLAND ELEMENTARY SCHOOL  new building would be inadequate to meet the needs within twenty-  five years. The people felt he was too optimistic in respect to the  growth of the area, but time has shown that he had underestimated  the growth, and by September of 1927 a classroom was fitted in the  basement and two years later the remaining basement play-space  was converted into a sixth classroom.  The name of the School District was changed from Black  Mountain to Rutland School District on June 29, 1915. Until  September of 1922, the school had the status of an elementary  school, but at this time it became a Superior School, enrolling thirteen pupils in the high school grades as well as 113 pupils in the  elementary classes. Mr. Ch.H. Bourne was principal, followed  next September by Mr. L.E. Howlett and two years later by Miss  Marie Chapin (1925-1927). Mr. Floyd Irwin came in September of  1927 and remained for nine years until his resignation in June  1936 to accept a principalship in Nelson. During his last year as  principal, the status of the school was changed to that of a full  High School and Elementary School.  By 1931, once again more classroom space was needed and  a four-room frame building was erected about a hundred feet  south of the brick building. This became overcrowded by 1936 and  in 1938 its size was increased by an addition of four classrooms,  principal and staff room, and boys and girls washrooms at a cost  of $12,000. At this time, electric lighting was installed in all classrooms and inside plumbing replaced the outside toilets. Mr. D.H.  "Pi" Campbell took charge of both schools in September of 1936  and for twenty-two years, "Pi" gave to the community wise and  progressive educational leadership during its most rapid expansion.  During this time (1936-1938) the Rutland School program  provided interesting insight into various spare time activity clubs,  which had presented fine displays at the Rutland Community  Hall. The clubs had been organized under supervision of the  teachers and covered a great variety of subjects from drama to  sports. Some of the interesting displays were soap carvings and  woodwork articles. The quality of workmanship reflected great  credit upon the teachers for their work with the pupils and  showed keen interest and application on the students' part.  In May of 1937 the Rutland School track and field team took  major honours at the annual Kelowna Rural Schools Track Meet at  Kelowna Athletic Park. Winners of the Newby Cup - 300 yards  girls public school relay; Kelowna Courier Cup - 300 yards mixed  relay; Occidental Fruit Co. Cup - 30 yards relay, girls under 15;  Capital News Shield - 100 yards, girls under 21, Nancy Reid; Royal  Anne  Hotel  Cup  -  75 yards,  girls under  16,  Lois  Charlton;  72 ohs THE CLOSING OF RUTLAND ELEMENTARY SCHOOL  Kelowna Growers' Exchange Cup - 100 yards relay, boys public  school; K.R.T.A. Cup - high jump, boys under 16, Louis  Schonberger; Independent Hardware Cup - pole vault, J Gerrin;  Thompson Cup - high jump, girls under 16, Lois Charlton; Alma  Gray Memorial Cup; Girls Aggregate Championship; Kelowna  Gyro Club Trophy; Grand Championship; all to Rutland members.  What a wonderful record.  A small oak seedling from the forest at Windsor Castle in  England was planted at 3 p.m. on May 3, 1937, near the northeast  corner of the Rutland Brick School. The seedling had been sent to  the Rutland Women's Institute to plant in connection with the  Coronation celebration. The honor of planting the tree was given  to Mrs. Annie Gray, the oldest living member of the Rutland  Women's Institute. Mrs. Gray was born in Guildford, fifteen miles  from Windsor Forest, and her late husband Samuel Gray had been  secretary of the Rutland School Board when the Brick School was  built. A reading of the history of the English oak tree and the significance of the occasion was given. Principal D.H. Campbell  impressed upon the pupils their responsibility in caring for this  tree, so that it would grow to be an impressive tree. Two pupils,  Basil Bond and Robert Hardie, assisted. The National Anthem  closed the ceremony. This tree still stands in 2004 on the northeast corner - a majestic monument.  The Rutland School District united with the Black Mountain,  Ellison, Winfield, Okanagan Centre and Oyama School Districts in  1945 and formed the Central Okanagan United Rural School  District. High school grades of all these former districts were consolidated at Rutland, while the elementary grades remained the  same in their respective schools. The new board of seven members  made plans for the building of a large and modern Junior and  Senior High School at Rutland. In 1945 a new School District No.  23 was formed, and the high school building commenced. With  the exception of the auditorium, the Rutland Junior-Senior High  School was ready for occupancy in September of 1949.  This again affected the elementary school as grades were  reduced to grades 1-6, with grades 7-12 moving to the new high  school. In half a century, the school enrolment had grown from  27 to 972 pupils, and teaching staff from 1 to 36. The accommodation had grown from a one-room log building to a spacious modern  building, offering educational opportunities equal to the best in  Canada. Over ten acres of playing fields provided athletic facilities  for sports and outdoor school activities. Facilities for all-round  mental, scholastic and physical development were available for  the pupils.  ohs 73 THE CLOSING OF RUTLAND ELEMENTARY SCHOOL  In 1951 the high school auditorium had been completed and  the elementary classes also used this building for assemblies, concerts and P.E. classes. This was a great treat for the younger  students and eliminated the long walk down Rutland Road to the  Community Hall for such events. How they looked forward to the  practices and actual performances of the Christmas concerts at  the new auditorium. The cafeteria was also a shared room and the  elementary students enjoyed many hot lunches served by Mary  Horning and her co-workers. There seemed to be a constant  marching of classes to the new facilities.  The first male teacher of Chinese descent in British  Columbia was Ben Lee who taught at Rutland Elementary from  1951 to 1960. He was instrumental in building and maintaining a  skating rink north of the brick school, with the able help of custodian/bus driver, Paul Bach. It was a success in spite of some  problems with the use of an ordinary garden hose. This was  enjoyed by the elementary students for many years to come, until  the mild winters discouraged this project. Many of the children  loved to sit on the stairs, gather the abundance of leaves in the  front school area and play with the piles of leaves under the trees.  It was wonderful to sit by the big windows and enjoy the view  while having quiet time.  Mr. D.H. Campbell remained principal of both Rutland  Elementary School and Rutland Jr. Sr. High School until 1958,  with the exception of when Mr. Campbell was on medical leave  and Mr Claude Bissell filled in for "Pi". In 1958, the schools each  had separate administration and "Pi" Campbell took over the Jr. Sr.  High School. At this time (1958-1962) Bill Hawker took over the  Rutland Elementary School, showing frame building addition, 1952.  (Courtesy S.D. 23 Retired Teachers Assoc.)  74 ohs THE CLOSING OF RUTLAND ELEMENTARY SCHOOL  principalship of the Rutland Elementary, followed by R. Knowles  (1962-1964) and then Charles Hopper who remained until 1970,  when Neal Hallisey took over with an enrolment of 475 pupils and  a staff of eighteen.  The auditorium/gym, which was built on the west side of  the Brick School was a welcome addition. It was officially opened  by CD. Buckland, Chairman of the Board of School Trustees, S.D.  23, on October 24, 1964, at the fiftieth anniversary celebration of  Rutland School. Now the elementary students were able to make  full time use of the facility and participate in a complete physical  education program. The gym classes were memorable times for  the pupils. They loved the big stage, the assemblies and songs  they sang at their gatherings. In 1972, Elsa Fritz was vice-principal  at Rutland Elementary.  When the kindergarten program was implemented at  Rutland Elementary in 1976, Brian Chamberlain became the new  administrator. Accommodation for forty pupils was prepared in  two adjacent lower rooms of the frame building, providing attractive and spacious learning facilities. Later when Eric Tasker was  principal (1983-1990) the French Immersion Program for kindergarten through to grade three was begun, and the first Parent  Advisory Council was formed to encourage participation of the  parents with the children.  The Adventure Playground, funded by the Parent Advisory  Council with the cooperation of School District 23 was constructed  south of the frame building, and provided enjoyment and physical activities for the children. At this time Roly Harvey (1990 -  1995) was principal. Fire damage to the frame building was sustained in the kindergarten classroom in 1993 when a fire broke  out during the night. Thanks to the prompt action of the Rutland  Fire Department the damage was minor.  Principal Jodie Nelson administered the school in 1995 -  1996, followed by Cathie Mutter, and currently Bruce McKay  (1998-2004).  In January of 1997, the school became part of the  "Community Schools" program, which encompasses other interested age groups in the district. The enrollment was close to three  hundred students, with twelve classrooms and several auxiliary  learning areas, and with a total of thirty-four staff members, four  support staff and co-ordinators. The school now had a computer  in every classroom and a computer lab in the basement of the  brick school-for a grand total of sixty computers. They also had a  hot lunch and brown bag program.  From its very beginning in 1912, Rutland Elementary has  ohs 75 THE CLOSING OF RUTLAND ELEMENTARY SCHOOL  grown with the changing times, adapting to the educational needs  of the Rutland children.  Rutland Elementary is also one of eight schools that are  participating in "Achieving a Necessary Future (A.N.F.)" from  kindergarten to grade three. The focus of this program is to provide early effective intervention for literacy, with small class sizes  of eighteen pupils per class. This gives more attention to each student. The general feeling is that it is working and the students  are more prepared when they continue in the regular intermediate curriculum.  In 2002, an assessment found the cost of renovating the  three-building campus to meet new standards would have been  two-thirds the amount needed to replace it, and the other major  factor in looking for a new site was the plan to four-lane Rutland  Road. It was safer for the pupils to move the school away from the  major artery. Officials broke ground to begin construction of a  new elementary school at the corner of Craig, Hartman, and  Webster Roads in October 2002, to replace the old Rutland  Elementary and Brick School. The new school promised more efficient and up to date heating and cooling systems, better lighting  and learning conditions. The exterior is not nearly as picturesque  as the old facility, but the inside is a modern, pleasant edifice.  On June 16, 2003, a Commemoration Celebration was held  Rutland Brick Elementary School, Fall 2003.  (Courtesy Evelyn Vielvoye)  at the Rutland Brick and Wood Elementary School from 4 p.m. to  7 p.m. to honour past and present students and staff. It was a time  to reminisce, meet teachers, old friends and classmates who spent  76 ohs THE CLOSING OF RUTLAND ELEMENTARY SCHOOL  their early years at this school. A steady stream of people came to  join in a tour of the old schools, watch the Maypole dancing by  grade five students, browse the displays of memorabilia, watch  the slide presentation made by the school pupils aided by  Principal Bruce McKay, and enjoy the refreshments. They attended  the formal program with guest speakers including City  Councillors, School Trustees, former Principals, Teachers and  Students, and mingled with people who shared treasured memories  of their school years. It was a day that will be remembered by all  those present. It was a truly fitting way to close the doors of a  well- loved school.  Preparation was made during the school break for the move  in September, but due to circumstances, the new school on  Webster Road was not ready for occupancy at the beginning of the  school term.  On September 22, 2003, Principal Bruce McKay, along with  the 375 children, parents, grandparents and staff made the historical walk from the old Brick Elementary School, down Bach Road,  along Hemlock Road to their new Rutland Elementary School at  620 Webster Road. The Education Ministry spent $3.3 million to  build the new school. Sixteen sparkling new classrooms, an  improved gym, separate kitchen facilities, an elevator, and a new  open look, all give more brightness and cheer to the school's new  occupants. After arriving and settling into their classrooms, the  pupils were asked to attend their first assembly in the new gym  with a short program with District Chair Moyra Baxter and  Trustee Wayne Horning welcoming them. They were encouraged  to continue to bring the wonderful spirit of the Rutland Brick  School into their new Rutland Elementary.  The move was challenging because of the structural differences, from three separate buildings with stairways, own  entrances and exits, to one building where they had to learn to  become one community. They no longer had to put on boots,  share bathrooms and space. They have a new school with many  new features to enjoy. The friendly open area style with bright  corridors and everyone in the same building has already brought  closeness for the primary to grade six students, a feeling of community and togetherness. The biggest downside of the move is  that the playing areas are not yet finished, and the large playing  field at the Red Brick School is sadly missed. They miss the large  open fields, romping under the trees, feeling the history of the  parents and grandparents who had attended the school before  them; but still they love the new school and are proud to be a part  of its beginning.  ohs 77 THE CLOSING OF RUTLAND ELEMENTARY SCHOOL  New Rutland Elementary School on Webster Road, February 2004.  (Courtesy Evelyn Vielvoye)  Like all new ventures there are growing pains, but with the  terrific School Spirit (the students are PROUD of their new  school), this new home will blossom and produce some fine citizens  for the Rutland Community.  As for the retired old Brick School, it looks lonely all boarded up  and empty. It's like an empty bird nest, waiting for life to return next  season. The wooden four-room addition will undoubtedly be demolished to make room for some new venture. The School District will  certainly put the property up for sale in hopes of recuperating some  of the cost of the new building. The School District hopes that they  can obtain heritage status to keep the old look of the exterior of the  Brick School built in 1912, and that it will continue to serve a useful  function in the lives of the Rutland people. It is also the wish of the  Rutland Community that the school remain in its present place and  keep its proud heritage look, and a purpose be found to continue the  use of this magnificent piece of Rutland History.  References:  Information has been taken from the following sources:  * History of Rutland 1858 - 1971  * A History of Public Schools in The Central Okanagan  * From Slates to Blackboards to Computers  * Principal of Rutland Elementary School (2004), Mr. Bruce McKay  * Articles of The Okanagan Historical Society Reports  * Information from the Kelowna Courier and Okanagan Orchardist newspaper  (renamed The Kelowna Courier)  * Help of the Retired Teachers Association of School District No. 23  78 ohs SYL RANCH HOUSE AT OKANAGAN FALLS  SYL Ranch House at  Okanagan Falls  by Maggie Ricciardi  kanagan Falls, originally called Dogtown, became a settlement before Penticton and luckily for us it has remained  small. Many of its present residents are descendants of the  first white settlers in the area. At the dawning of the 20th Century  the young townsite had a rosy future, situated as it was at the  south end of Dog (Skaha) Lake and on the freight route south to  Oroville. There were salmon in the river, game in the hills and  good bottomland in the valley. The native families were friendly  for the most part and provided a ready pool of knowledge and  labour in helping to clear the land.  Hawthorne Ranch House, c. 1910.  (Courtesy D. Duncan)  It was into this thriving scene that the Hawthorne families  arrived in 1909. Originally an Irish family, the Hawthornes lived  in South River, Ontario, and in 1908 two brothers, Sam and George  Hawthorne and their families moved west to British Columbia.  They spent a year in Peachland and eventually traveled south,  camping en route, and arrived near Okanagan Falls via White  Lake and over to Green Lake.  Maggie Ricciardi resides in Penticton where she is retired from Penticton  Regional Hospital. She is an OHS Penticton Branch Director and enjoys photography and writing. In 2002, Maggie won the Joyce Dunn Memorial Writers  Award for her work on her historical novel, The Passing Of A Remittance Man.  ohs 79 SYL RANCH HOUSE AT OKANAGAN FALLS  The two brothers were both expert axe men and horsemen  and brought assorted livestock with them. Between them they  pre-empted three hundred and sixty acres on the mountain overlooking Okanagan Falls which now bears their name. They  cleared the land of the abundant Ponderosa Pine and built two log  houses.  Only Sam's house still remains and is now considerably  changed. The original house was a simple square, one-storied  structure with a stone chimney. Two long narrow windows  flanked the plain front door which faced east, and at the side was  the cellar because the house was built on a slope. George and  Susan Hawthorne had a growing family of five girls and Samuel  and his wife Jenny had one daughter.  South aspect showing verandah on westside.  (Courtesy Maggie Ricciardi)  At first the school-age girls were pupils at the old White Lake  School at Myer's Flat, boarding there with Mrs. Kellar during the  week because of the distance from their home. Soon the need for  a road became obvious. The ranch could not be reached from  Okanagan Falls, nor could the Hawthorne girls attend school  there. A road was constructed with a dirt scoop and grader pulled  by two teams of horses, the lead team being George Hawthorne's  prized blacks, valued for their strength and intelligence. It must  have been a hazardous undertaking. Tbday's road follows the  same approximately three mile stretch built around 1909-1910 and  is still very steep and winding and quite treacherous in winter.  The two families farmed their acreage for some years, planted a  few fruit trees, grew hay for their animals, and the girls finished  their schooling at the excellent school in Okanagan Falls, walking  there and back daily!  80 ohs SYL RANCH HOUSE AT OKANAGAN FALLS  After the First  World War, Major Hugh  Fraser came to the  Okanagan Valley to  visit friends in  Naramata. Hugh Fraser  came from a well-connected Scottish family  which had settled originally in Eastern  Canada. He was born in  Montreal and fought  (and had been a prisoner of war) in WWI. He  took an immediate lik-  Interior tasting room. jng to this SUnny corner  (Courtesy Maggie Ricciardi) of Britisn Columbia and  eventually moved here permanently. He bought various parcels  of land around Okanagan Falls. In 1921, the Sam Hawthorne  Ranch was one of them.  It was during Major Fraser's tenure that the ranch house  went through considerable changes. A verandah was added along  the west side (protection against the summer heat), part of an  extensive addition which makes it hard to define today where the  original house was. The Major had the whole house fronted with  split fieldstone and several stone walls were constructed in the  garden adjacent to the house. A large barn (still standing today)  was built in the 1930's a short distance down the road.  It is not surprising that Hugh Fraser came west to a part of  Canada more suited to his robust, energetic personality. He seems  somewhat of a legendary figure around Okanagan Falls and stories about him abound. A very sociable and generous man, he  held many parties and gatherings for friends and neighbours and  contributed much to the financial and general well being of the  tight-knit little community.  Major Fraser's love of dogs was well-known but he must  have also felt kindly towards cats, because one housekeeper was  apparently sacked on the spot when the Major heard her shooing  a cat off the dining-room table! Over the years he owned a number of beloved dogs. He would take them down into town, purchase quantities of ice-cream cones and then turn them upside  down on the ground for the dogs to eat. Close to the house can be  found the pet cemetery where each dog has its own headstone,  engraved with name and dates. A small white statue of an angel  guards the peaceful spot.  At that time, the ranch was known as the S.Y.L. Ranch, purportedly because Major Fraser always ended his correspondence  with the phrase "See you later". Later, Hugh adopted as an adult,  OHS 81 SYL RANCH HOUSE AT OKANAGAN FALLS  his son Bill Worth  Fraser, who worked the  ranch with him and  planted the first  Rieslings around 1961.  By 1955-56, Major  Fraser with his collies  and parrot had retired  to Penticton, leaving  Bill to run the ranch.  The land on Hawthorne  Mountain was subsequently planted to  grapes and became the  LeCompte Winery after  being    purchased   by  SYL Barn.  (Courtesy Maggie Ricciardi)  Albert LeCompte in the 1980's. Water from Green Lake, initially  used to supply the ranch was found to have too high a pH. for  wine-making, and so  around 1970, an electric pumping plant was  built to lift water from  the Okanagan River four  hundred feet to the  twenty acres of good  land around the house.  In 2004, the distant view looking north  towards Skaha Lake  from the house on  Hawthorne Mountain  is little changed. Some  of the old vines can still  be seen behind the  parking lot. In the  1990's, the S.Y.L. Ranch became Hawthorne Mountain Vineyards,  one hundred and seventy-one acres in total; one hundred acres  planted in European viniferous varieties. From the beautiful terrace in front of the wine shop, the vine-clad slopes stretch away,  making a fine backdrop for wedding party photographs. The new  interior of the house with its wooden floors, crown moldings and  carefully furnished tasting room, blend seamlessly with the older part.  The pioneering spirits of the Hawthorne families and the  larger than life shade of Major Fraser would be proud to see what  continues to be accomplished around the old homestead.  Hawthorne Mountain Vineyard, now the highest elevation vineyard site in the Okanagan, consistently produces award-winning  wines, including (what else?) a special S.Y.L. line of wines.  Pet cemetery and angel, SYL Ranch.  (Courtesy Maggie Ricciardi)  82 ohs STUDENT ESSAY CONTEST WINNER  THE STORY Of CON PASSOS  by Ben McMahen  Mr. Con Passas was born in Avlonari, located on the Greek  island of Euboia, on June 21, 1887, and grew to young  manhood there serving in the Greek Army before coming  to Canada. Mr. Passas was born into a country that had gone  through great change: The Greek War of Independence (1821-  1830) found much of current day Greece, including Euboia, liber-  ^^^^^ ated from the Ottoman  ^ Empire. By 1896, Athens held  the first modern day  Olympic Games and by 1898  the largest Greek Island of  Crete had gained autonomy  from Ottoman rule.1 Being  born the son of agrarian parents, Con grew up and  worked as a farm labourer.  The Armstrong Advertiser  notes that Con "grew up in a  rural atmosphere and all  through his life maintained a  love of the soil, exemplified  by the floral beauty of his  main street."2  At the age of 24, on  June 24, 1911, Con arrived at  Ellis Island, New York as a  non-immigrant alien with  only twenty-five dollars in  his pocket. His long journey  to New York started with him  making his way from Avlonari to Pireas, located south-west of  Athens, where he boarded the Themistocles—a ship named after  the brilliant ancient Greek commander and Athenian political  leader who made Athens a great power in the ancient world.3 The  Themistocles, previously known as the Moraitis, was part of the  Hellenic Transportation Line that had ships going back and forth  between Piraeus and New York in the early part of the twentieth  century. At 400 feet long, 50 feet wide and weighing a total of  Winner of the 2004 OHS History Contest, Ben lives in Armstrong, B.C. He is  a student at Okanagan University College.  ohs 83  J*  Con Passos in Greek costume.  (Courtesy Armstrong Museum) THE STORY OF CON PASSOS  6,045 tons, the ship also gave 1,700 other passengers a lift to the  United States. Most of these men were either Greek, or Turkish;  some of them were fire fighters, clerks, or builders, while others  were bar men, gardeners, coffee men, or farm labourers. Unlike  most of those on the ship, however, Mr. Passas had the intention  of making his way to Johnson Street, Victoria, B.C. Canada,  where his brother Nickolay was living.  Upon arriving in New York,  Mr.  Passas stood 5'6",  with  brown eyes and brown hair. He was not a polygamist, or an anar-  Con, standing at the Watson property, located next to the park.  (Courtesy Armstrong Museum)  chist—as the United States immigration official duly noted in his  records—and he was in good mental and physical condition with  no deformities. After his arrival in the United States, Mr. Passas  probably travelled by train to reach Victoria later that year.  Arriving at Victoria on July 19, 1911, Mr. Passas soon came  to be associated with what was to be his life-long occupation as a  restaurant operator. He operated a confectionery store on  Government Street, quite close to the Parliament Buildings, on  the northeast corner of Government and Courtenay where the  Windsor Hotel stood. According to The Armstrong Advertiser, he  became a well-known figure in the capital city with many of the  province's political leaders among those who called him a friend.4  By 1912, Con Passas had returned to Greece where the Balkan  Wars (1912-13), in which Greece was lined up against the Ottoman  Empire, were under way. The Greek leader Eleftherios Venizelos,  who Mr. Passas described as a "brave and loyal premier," had  formed a secret alliance with Bulgaria, Montenegro and Serbia,  and in October 1912 they declared war on the once mighty  84 ohs THE STORY OF CON PASSOS  Ottoman Empire.5 The Ottomans were rapidly defeated, and at  the outfall, the four allies scrambled to gain as much territory as  they possibly could. Serbia, upset over not gaining an outlet on  the Adriatic Sea, demanded of Bulgaria a greater share of  Macedonia, and on June 1913 Greece and Serbia went to war with  Bulgaria. Mr. Passas took up arms for his country seeing action in  Salonika Albania, in addition to being involved in the battle  against the Bulgarians in 1913. The final peace treaty came about  in August with Greece gaining southern Epirus, coastal  Macedonia, Crete and the Aegean islands. The size of the country  had nearly doubled with its boundaries more or less as they are  now.6 Mr. Passas returned to Victoria in May of 1914, where he  continued work with his brother Nick at the confectionary on  Government, remaining in business in the capital until 1924.  At this time he again returned to his homeland, but after  only two years he came back to Victoria first arriving in New York  Edna, Irene, Alan and Con, standing in front of their main street home.  (Courtesy Armstrong Museum)  on November 3, 1925 after a lengthy ride on the S.S. Empire.  Upon his return he again took up business in Victoria. In 1930,  however, Con left his Victoria store behind and came to Vernon  where he was employed by Gus Harros and the National Cafe.  Three years later, on May 3rd, 1933, Con opened the Golden Gate  Cafe in the Wolfenden Block where a restaurant run by Mrs.  Mitchell had previously operated. On September 25th of that  same year he married a local girl, Miss Edna Bertha Docksteader  at the All Saints' Church in Vernon, and together they had two  children: Alan and Irene. Their marriage reception was spent  with 65 family members dancing to the music supplied by the  ohs 85 THE STORY OF CON PASSOS  Honolulu Ramblers.  Starting with just $25 in his pocket in 1911, Con managed,  over a period of twenty years, to become a successful businessman in Victoria, Vernon, and Armstrong. Con had left the small  rural town of Avlonari located on the beautiful island of Evia, and  found himself twenty years later at another small rural town in  the beautiful Okanagan Valley. And yet, instead of working the  fields on a farm, he owned one of the most successful and loved  cafes in the North Okanagan.  The Golden Gate Cafe originally opened during the first  week of May 1933. The Cafe, located in the Wolfenden Block, was  remodelled along the lines of the most up-to-date city restaurant,  adding booths for large or small parties, a new counter, and a  fountain service. Upon opening the restaurant, Mr. Passas assured  the public that the menu "will consist of not only the prime necessities of life, but many delicacies that are inviting and tempting to  the most fastidious."7 This included ice cream, soft drinks, confectionary, fruit, tobaccos and cigars. Sandy Lindsay remembers  that a better float could not be found in the region: "You'd go in  there and that'd be a treat on Saturday. For 25 cents you'd either  have orange crush or grape crush and a blob of ice cream in the  proper float glass with a proper long spoon, and that was a treat.  That was heaven; delicious."8  The Golden Gate Cafe in the 1950's.  (Courtesy Armstrong Museum)  The Cafe was popular among many North Okanagan residents, but especially the children of Armstrong. As a young boy  Albert "Joe" Brown remembers asking Con Passas for a  Grasshopper  Milkshake—a  milkshake  with  one   shot  of all  86 ohs THE STORY OF CON PASSOS  flavours.9 With as many treats as there were at the Golden Gate  Cafe, it is not surprising that it was popular with the kids. The  Cafe's popularity was further strengthened for after the first two  years of operation, and every year after, on the anniversary of the  opening of the Golden Gate Cafe in Armstrong, Mr. Passas would  pass out ice cream cones to every scholar and child of the neighbourhood. He would also often hold draws in which the winner  would win chocolates, candy, and other treats.  Commencing in 1934, Mr. Passas introduced the popular  custom with the school children when each year he celebrated the  closing of school by giving each elementary school student an ice  cream cone or chocolate bar. For example, in 1939 he distributed  upwards of 650 chocolate bars to schoolchildren, in addition to the  free ice-cream cone that each child under school age received.  That same year, Mr. Passas received over forty letters thanking the  owner of the Golden Gate Cafe for his generosity. One student  wrote: "Thanks very much for the chocolate bars. We enjoyed  them very much. You are very kind to us every year."10 That same  year Mr. Passas gave out over 800 ice-cream cones during the  Golden Gate Cafe anniversary. These generous customs, both  beneficial to the children of Armstrong and his business, continued for sixteen years until he sold the Golden Gate Cafe to George  Taylor in 1949. The Taylors owned the business until 1958 when  they sold it to Bruno and Vivian Sakals.  In 1938, Mr. Passas purchased the property next to the  Murray Building, located on Railway Avenue from Miss Pearl  Murray, and the next year constructed the Big Bend Block at the  cost of $3,500." Located in this new building, the Brown Derby  opened in September of 1939, and featured light lunches, coffee  and afternoon teas, in addition to a full supply of ice cream, soft  drinks, candy, chocolates, fruits and tobaccos. Each afternoon the  Coffee Shop served special tea for ladies. Jim Coyne remembers  when he was "working for the CPR in May 1960 and arrived one  Monday to join the crew [but] had money only for a coffee."12  However, Con Passas gave him a full breakfast for only ten cents.  Mr. Passas ran the Brown Derby until selling it to Bruno Sakals in  1961, when he retired from active business.  Upon his retirement The Armstrong Advertiser noted that  "Con isn't retiring, he is just taking it easier, and you can be sure  that he will continue to be a number one booster for Armstrong  and Spallumcheen."13  During his time in Armstrong, Con was always active on the  Board of Trade and was instrumental in pushing for the construction of a community park and pool first proposed by Armstrong's  ohs 87 THE STORY OF CON PASSOS  first mayor, Jim Wright. In the early spring of 1935, Mr. Passas  made an appeal to the Board of Trade to take up the matter of creating a swimming pool and park as a community project. He continued to push towards this project until the war years dampened  the effort, but after the close of the war in 1945 he, together with  Reeve Stanley Noble, Mayor J.H. Wilson and W.A. Cuthbert  formed the nucleus of a committee that set the ball rolling for a  Memorial Park and Swimming pool. Work finally started on the  park in the spring of 1946 after a lack of material and a refusal by  Ottawa to grant the needed permit. Con Passas, the champion of  the children, donated $25 for their interest in the pool to finish the  construction as well as a donation of $25 from Con's basketball  team.  The Watson property, located next to the park, was offered  for sale in 1952, but the city, municipality and parks board could  not immediately purchase the land. Mr. Passas decided to purchase the property for $3000 with the intention of handing it over  to the City once they could handle it at exactly the amount that  he had purchased it. The Board of Trade drive donated $1552.32,  the City of Armstrong and Municipality of Spallumcheen each  contributed equal shares of $473.84, and Mr. and Mrs. Passas and  family donated $500.14 This allowed for the expansion of the park  to the size it is today. Once the park was built, Mr. Passas took the  first dip in the pool. Later, a drinking fountain was erected in the  memory of Con Passas, but unfortunately it has been removed  from the park due to vandalism.  While Con was a member of the Greek army and proudly  carried the Greek flag in many parades throughout the Okanagan  over the years, he was also a proud Canadian citizen. During  WWII, Mr. Passas gave his efforts to the war cause in the form of  a War Savings Certificate Draw and other fund raising efforts. The  Memorial Park, his dream, was also meant to be erected to the  remembrance of those who served and died for our country during both World War I and World War II. In many ways, Con saw  both the Canadian cause (being part of the British Empire), and  the Greek cause as the same. In an eloquent letter to the Victoria  Colonist, dated August 1920, Mr. Passas wrote that the "Greeks are  a peace-loving nation by every tie of justice and humanity which  has been shown by their great sacrifice in the war [World War I]  and their present sacrifice against the Turks."15 The British and  Greeks worked together so that "the territory which was lost to the  Turks in the year 1453 will soon pass back to the hands of its rightful owners, the Greeks."16 This ideology might help explain Con's  pride of Greece, and his willingness to demonstrate that pride in  numerous parades in the North Okanagan.  88 ohs THE STORY OF CON PASSOS  Con was often willing to use his money to help those who  needed help. For instance, "Doc" Sylverster, the local Vet, when he  first moved to Armstrong was unable to get a mortgage from the  bank to buy a house so Con Passas lent him the money. After this  day they remained the best of friends.17 It was perhaps his experiences in Greece, or as a young man arriving in the United States  with only $25, that encouraged his magnanimity and generosity  to all the people of this community. Maybe he too got help from  people along the way, during his journey from Greece, to New  York, Victoria, Vernon, and later Armstrong, which helped him  become a successful businessman in Victoria and Armstrong.  Most importantly, it was probably his love of Armstrong, the  Okanagan Valley, and Canada that encouraged him to give back to  the community that had given him so much. Upon his retirement  Mr. Passas noted that Armstrong "is the finest place in the world  to live and I'm staying right here."18 While death took him away  from his family, friends, and community on November 22, 1964,  his legacy of the Memorial Park and the Brown Derby still lives on  today.  Left to Right: Heather McMahen, Ben McMahen, Chris McMahen.  (Courtesy Jessie Ann Gamble)  OHS Student Essay Contest winner Ben McMahen of Armstrong with his parents Heather  and Chris McMahen at the AGM presentation in Kelowna on April 24, 2005.  ohs 89 THE STORY OF CON PASSOS  Notes and References:  1 Spielvogel, Jackson J. Western Civilization: Since 1789 (Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania  State University, 2003). P. 585. Constantinou, Stavros T, Nicholas D. Diamantides.  "Modeling International Migration: Determinants of Emigration from Greece to  the United States, 1820-1980" Annals of the Association of American Geographers,  Vol. 75, No. 3. (Sep., 1985), pp. 352-369.  2 "Con Passas Death Great Loss to Area," The Armstrong Advertiser, Thursday,  November 26, 1964.  Thucydides, The Peloponnesian War, Translated by Rex Warner (Harmondsworth:  England, 1974) ,117.  4 "Con Passas Death Great Loss to Area," The Armstrong Advertiser, Thursday,  November 26, 1964.  5 "Greeks Have Always Been Strong Allies of Great Britain." The Armstrong  Advertiser. Thursday, January 9, 1941.  6 Constantinou, Stavros T, Nicholas D. Diamantides. "Modeling International  Migration: Determinants of Emigration from Greece to theUnited States, 1820-1980"  Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 75, No. 3. (Sep., 1985), pp. 352-369.  7 "Modern Cafe Opens This Week," The Armstrong Advertiser, Thursday, May 4, 1933.  8 Interview with Sandy Lindsay (nee Bennett), Homecoming 2000." Interviewer:  Jessie Ann Gamble.  9 Interview with Albert "Joe" Brown, Homecoming 2000. Transcribed.  10 "Golden Gate Cafe Distributes Confections on 6th Anniversary" The Armstrong  Advertiser, May 11, 1939.  11 "Homes Construction Forecast for 1940." The Armstrong Advertiser, January 18, 1940.  12 Interview with Jim Coyne, Homecoming 2000. Transcribed.  13 "Con Passas Retires on July 1st After 28 Years in Business Here" The Armstrong  Advertiser. June 29, 1961.  14 "Turns Over Title to Park Property," The Armstrong Advertiser, Thursday,  April 28th, 1955.  15 "Greeks Have Always Been Strong Allies of Great Britain." The Armstrong  Advertiser, Thursday, January 9, 1941. The article notes that the letter had  originally appeared in the Victoria Colonist dated August, 1920. It was reprinted  in The Armstrong Advertiser unchanged because it was still deemed relevant to  the times of World War II.  16 "Greeks Have Always Been Strong Allies of Great Britain." The Armstrong  Advertiser. Thursday, January 9, 1941.  17 Stories About Con Passas, Homecoming 2000. Transcribed.  18 "Con Passas Retires on July 1st After 28 Years in Business Here." The Armstrong  Advertiser, June 29, 1961.  Bibliography  "Con Passas Death Great Loss to Area," The Armstrong Advertiser, Thursday,  November 26, 1964.  "Con Passas Makes Contributions to Pool For School Kids." The Armstrong  Advertiser, Thursday, February 27, 1947.  "Con Passas Retires on July 1st After 28 Years in Business Here"  The Armstrong Advertiser, June 29, 1961.  Constantinou, Stavros T, Nicholas D. Diamantides. "Modeling International  Migration: Determinants of Emigration from Greece to the United States, 1820-1980"  Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 75, No. 3. (Sep., 1985), pp. 352-369.  The Ellis Island database, available online, provided information regarding Con  Passas's first arrival in the United States prior to arriving in Victoria.  (http://www.ellisisland.org/).  "Golden Gate Cafe Distributes Confections on 6th Anniversary" The Armstrong  Advertiser, May 11, 1939.  Gomme, A.W. "The Scenery of Greece." The Georgraphical Journal, Vol. 57, No. 6  (Jun., 1921), pp. 418-27.  "Greeks Have Always Been Strong Allies of Great Britain." The Armstrong Advertiser,  Thursday, January 9, 1941.  Homecoming 2000 Interviews. Interviewer: Jessie Ann Gamble.  "Homes Construction Forecast for 1940." The Armstrong Advertiser, January 18, 1940.  "Modern Cafe Opens This Week," The Armstrong Advertiser, Thursday, May 4, 1933.  Spielvogel, Jackson J. Western Civilization: Since 1789 (Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania  State University, 2003)  Thucydides, The Peloponnesian War, Translated by Rex Warner (Harmondsworth:  England, 1974)  "Turns Over Title to Park Property," The Armstrong Advertiser, Thursday, April 28th, 1955.  90 ohs THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS ARE MANY!  Wing Commander Francis  (Frank) Sidney Powley  1945  1915  by his brother, Hume M. Powley, January, 2004  Frank, the second son of  Mr. and Mrs. Wilton R.  Powley, was born in  Kelowna, B.C., Canada, on  June 6, 1915. His parents had  a mixed farm in the then  small rural district of  Winfield, fifteen miles north  of Kelowna. He attended the  Winfield Public School for  grades 1 - 8.  He was always interested in sports, and I recall one  winter day several of us went  skating on Mud Lake, actually  a small pond on the range to  the east of home. The ice was  really not hard enough for  proper skating. One had to  keep moving or else you  would drop through the ice,  rubbery   ice   we   called   it.  Francis Powley in India, c. 1942.  (Courtesy Hume M. Powley)  Frank thought he would see how fast he could skate from one end  of the pond to the other. He started out quite well when suddenly  the front tip of his left skate went through the ice and he fell flat  on his face, getting pretty wet on half his body even though the  pond was shallow. We gathered up some dry wood and soon had  a good bonfire going and he gradually dried out. Mother didn't  hear about this until years later, because we were afraid we would  be forbidden to go skating on Mud Lake! When I told her about our  episode her reply was "that sounds just like Frank."  He was well known for his pranks at school, giving the  teacher something to think about beside the school lesson.  Nevertheless, he was a good student as far as learning his school  Hume grew up in the Winfield area. He is a Past President of the Okanagan  Historical Society and is a Life Member of both the Executive Council and  the Kelowna Branch of the Okanagan Historical Society.  OHS 91 WING COMMANDER FRANK POWLEY  work when he put his mind to it. In 1928, after finishing the  eighth grade and there being no high school in Winfield, he, along  with our brother Rex and a couple of local students went to the  Kelowna High School. They travelled to Kelowna and back each  school day in an open Model T Ford, as there were no school  busses in those days. Travelling in the real cold days of winter was  tough as the car only had attachable curtains and no heater. Often  on cold nights the car was put up on blocks to make easier starting the next morning - a far cry from the cars of today. In June  1931 he successfully passed the Grade 11 examinations  (University Entrance), which was the finish of his formal education. As money was very scarce and the Great Depression was in  full swing, furthering his education was out of the question. For  the next five years he was home helping on the farm and doing  part time jobs to help make some extra money.  Ever since he was a small boy, his best friend was Bob  Towgood, who lived on a fruit farm in another urban area called  Oyama - their farm was roughly 4.5 miles north of our farm. Bob's  parents, Mr. and Mrs. A.S. Towgood, were early pioneers of  Oyama, coming to the area roughly the same time as our parents  in 1904-1907. Frank and Bob became great friends, each having a  motorcycle and both very interested in airplanes and hoping to be  pilots some day. They enrolled in a correspondence course with a  school in Vancouver called the Kinetic Motor Development. When  they had finished the home correspondence course they went to  Vancouver to take the practical part of the course, working on  actual aircraft. Everything was going well until one day the school  announced it was closing down, probably because of financial  problems. This meant that Frank and Bob had to return home, two  very disappointed pupils.  Undaunted by this set back they applied for entry into the  R.C.A.F. Finally, after quite a wait, they received a reply informing them that one must have a university degree to join the  R.C.A.E, which dashed their hopes even more.  One day in early 1936 my father was in Vernon, a town  twenty miles north of Winfield, when he met a friend, Major  Denison, who had been in the Royal Flying Corps in WW I, and if  my memory is correct I believe he was stationed at Scampton for  part of the time. When Dad told him of the plight of Frank and  Bob, Major Denison suggested they make applications to join the  Royal Air Force. This was great news and raised their hopes again.  They wrote their letters to the R.A.F. and after a short while  received their replies. The R.A.F. informed them that they must  have university entrance certificates and be in top physical condition. Frank and Bob were naturally overjoyed and started imme-  92 ohs W7NG COMMANDER FRANK POWLEY  diately planning their trip to England. After weeks of preparation,  getting enough money, passports, bus tickets to New York and  steamer tickets, July 17, 1936, was the date set to leave for  England. They were to catch the stage in Kelowna and travel  south across the Canada - U.S.A. border to Wenatchee in the state  of Washington. Here they would board a stage bound for New  York, where they would board a steamer for Southampton. The  weather during their trip from Wenatchee to New York was  extremely varied, as they encountered high wind storms, hail  storms and heavy rain, and reached the Atlantic coast in the sunshine. The steamer S.S. Britannia voyage was very interesting as  neither had been on an ocean liner before. Finally they docked at  Southampton and made their way to London to begin their life  long dream - that of acceptance for aircrew in the R.A.F. as pilots.  After finding affordable accommodation, they went to the  R.A.F. recruiting office and received another setback when told  that R.A.F. requirements now included trigonometry. Their previous schooling did not include this subject. This meant that they  would have to find daytime work and take night classes in  trigonometry. They had found good accommodation and were fortunate to find daytime employment - one was tearing down an  old theatre, and when that was finished they got a job in a bomb  factory. They bought a used bicycle built for two to travel to their  jobs and to explore the surrounding area when they had some  spare time. In late December they wrote and passed the trigonometry course with good marks. After the New Year they once again  headed for the R.A.F. recruiting office, hoping everything was in  order. It was, and on January 4, 1937, they joined the R.A.F. as  A/P/O (Acting Pilot Officer), a dream come true - and now it was  full steam ahead.  They were posted to #7 ITS at Deptford, and on January 5  they started their training on Tiger Moth airplanes. There were  twenty-seven different flying routines they had to learn, given in  sequence, such as straight and level flying, stalling, climbing and  gliding and more. Frank made his first solo in a Tiger Moth on  January 21, an exciting day for him I am sure. On March 13, 1937,  they were posted to R.A.F. Depot at Uxbridge near London. They  were there only for a short time, for on March 31, 1937, they were  posted to #1 Flying Training School at Abu Sueir in Egypt, where  they would train to "win their wings." They went to Egypt on a  troop ship, and with the good weather they encountered it was a  nice break. Upon their arrival at Abu Sueir they resumed their  training, this time on various aircraft such as Hart T, Audax and  Gordon. They now carried out the normal duties of officers in the  R.A.F., at the same time increasing their knowledge of technical  ohs 93 WING COMMANDER FRANK POWLEY  matters and their skill in the practical field of flying. After four  months of training, the class of sixty A/P/O's wrote their final  exams, and upon passing in the top five, Frank and Bob received  their wings just a year after leaving their Okanagan homes.  The joy and excitement was soon dashed when Frank and  Bob were to be separated. Much to their disgust, Bob was posted  to Sherbac in Iraq, at that time Persia, while Frank was posted to  #27 Squadron in Kohat and Risalpur. These were in the Northwest  Frontier Province of India, which included the Khyber Pass  region. Frank remained in Abu Sueir for a few weeks before leaving for Kohat, where he was stationed for almost three years.  During that time he was a flying gunnery instructor flying in  Wapiti and Hart aircraft. He enjoyed this work, as he got in a lot  of flying experience over the very rough mountainous terrain,  especially in the Khyber Pass area.  He once wrote in one of his letters, "you certainly have to  know what you are doing and keep alert or you could find yourself  wrapped around a rugged mountain top or on a large rocky ledge." He  used to write of the warring tribes who lived in tent villages. They  would gradually move their tent homes down the mountain to terrorize the people living in the valley below. When they got dangerously close to those living in the valleys, the R.A.F. would fly  over the hostile villages and drop leaflets warning the inhabitants  that the R.A.F. would drop bombs on the villages in three days  time if they didn't move back up to the higher regions. Frank said  that did the trick, because when they flew over on the third day  there was not a native or tent to be seen. Apparently if a plane  crashed and the crew survived, it was the women who would  inflict various tortures on the crash victims, not a pleasant  thought for the aircrews.  On October 21, 1940, he was posted to #1 Flying Training  School in Ambala, where he would be for the next two years and  three months. Frank had been at Ambala a few months when he  learned that his life long friend F/L Robert (Bob) Towgood had  been shot down, losing his life near the Menidi airport in Greece  on February 5, 1941. He was flying a Blenheim, and only one aircrew survived. Bob is buried in a cemetery near Athens.  Although he had done patrol flying in the Khyber Pass,  Frank's main duty was to instruct most ranks with the fundamental and technical knowledge needed for flying, as well as gunnery  testing and practice. It was because of his thorough job as an  instructor in flying and gunnery during his posting in India that  he was awarded the Air Force Cross in January 1942, on the King's  Honour List.  94 ohs WING COMMANDER FRANK POWLEY  Frank Powley skiing in the foothills of the Himalayas 1940-1942.  (Courtesy Hume M. Powley)  Frank used his time off and leaves to visit places in India  that he hadn't seen, and he took many snapshots of the different  areas in both summer and winter. One thing that kept Frank and  our parents in a state of worry was the poor mail service to and  from India. I know my mother wrote very regularly, each week or  so, and I'm sure Frank wrote home on a regular basis also, but  most of the letters were not reaching their destination. Sometimes  a letter took over two months to get through - the missing letters  never did show up. In desperation Mother wrote to the B.B.C. in  London explaining the situation. She asked if they would transmit  a message to Frank on one of their overseas broadcasts stating all  was well at home and that they hoped he was well, as they had  not received any mail for several weeks from him. The B.B.C.  acted promptly and put the message over the airways. Their timing was perfect, because Frank happened to have his radio tuned  to the B.B.C. program, and he received the message loud and clear.  What a wonderful surprise for him, and I'm sure it boosted his  morale tremendously. Not long after this, one of his letters got  through, enabling our parents to be brought up to date on Frank's  news.  Earlier I mentioned Frank took many pictures - mostly  black and white, no colour or digital cameras in those days! He  also collected a fair number of old guns - not in working order -  once used by the tribes, and in addition he collected some Indian  brassware. These were sent home after the war in a big steel box,  strapped and locked. I have some of them here at home, and they  all make excellent conversation pieces. I took the guns down to  ohs 95 W7NG COMMANDER FRANK POWLEY  the police station to see if I had to register them, and before I  knew it the whole station staff came out to see and handle them;  not many had seen any guns like these before.  The day for which Frank had eagerly awaited finally arrived  on February 2, 1943, when he was informed that he had been  posted to #18 O.T.U. at Finningley, England. Frank had served  nearly six years in India, mainly in the Khyber Pass and Kohat  areas. Arriving back in England on April 24, 1943, and following  leave, he reported to #18 O.T.U. on May 10, 1943. Here he took  instruction of flying the Wellington aircraft class III and X and  later in the month he went back to instructing.  On June 26, 1943, as pilot with Sgt. Treen and crew he made  his first daylight operational sortie by bombing targets in Rennes,  France, returning safely to base in a Wellington X. I know Frank  was so pleased to finally be on operational flights and get in on the  "real action" as he put it. I think at times while in India he had the  feeling that he would not get back to England to take part in the  bomber raids over Europe. In retrospect I feel that the time and  training he did in India gave him a very good standing when he  returned to England.  On July 7, 1943, he was posted to #1667 C.W. in Lindholme  for a short stay of three days. On July 10, 1943, he was posted to  #166 Bomber Squadron in Kirmington in charge of Flight B. He  was now on an operational bomber squadron and during the last  eighteen days of July 1943 he flew as Pilot with Sgt. Treen and crew -  five sorties over Germany, three over Hamburg, one each over  Aachen and Essen, flying Wellington X #806 on all flights. In twenty-six of the sorties Frank made he had with him Sgt. (later P.O.)  Treen and crew. In August 1943 they made two "gardening" missions (laying mines in specified areas), and he spent the rest of  the month instructing. September 1943 proved to be another busy  month, Frank along with P.O. Treen and his crew made six sorties  over Europe - three gardening and three operational - Bouluone,  Mancherm and Bochum in the month of October. November and  December 1943 were again very busy and hectic for Frank and his  crews as eight more sorties were added to his total.  In November 1943 he was awarded the Distinguished Flying  Cross (D.F.C.). My father went to Ottawa to receive the award on  Frank's behalf from the Governor General in 1946. Frank continued as CO. of "B" Flight Squadron #166 until January when he  was promoted to CO. of the Squadron to replace the former CO.  W/C R.J. Tram, who was lost in a raid over Europe in the middle  of the month. He remained CO. of the Squadron until April 1944  96 ohs WING COMMANDER FRANK POWLEY  when he was taken off operational flying and posted to #1  Lancaster Finishing School at Hemswell, Line. This was a unit  that converted aircrews over to Lancasters, prior to being posted  to operational Lancaster Squadrons. In September 1944 he was  posted back to Kirmington, where he would be CO. of a new  Bomber Squadron #153 being formed, and would be based at  Scampton - a few miles north of Lincoln. Incidentally this  squadron would include some members of Squadron #166 of  which he was CO. earlier in the year. The new squadron was in  the formation stage when the first operational orders came  through on October 7, 1944, the date the #153 Squadron was  formed. Eleven crews were dispatched to attack the supply base  at Emmerich. Again, on October 11 the squadron was ordered to  dispatch seven aircraft (Lancasters) to attack Frederich Henrik, an  important enemy stronghold on the Scheldte Estuary. Due to the  short notice only five could be made ready for the attack. These  operational orders caused a postponement in the squadron's  move to Scampton. However, on October 15, 1944, the move was  completed and they were the first squadron to use the newly finished concrete runways. In addition, Scampton was a pre-war air  base, so the quarters were much nicer than some of the previous  ones in which crews had been stationed.  Frank, with the responsibilities of CO. of the squadron, was  not able to make as many sorties as he would have liked.  However, he usually used Squad. Leader John Gee's crew and  plane when he went on operational sorties. In addition to operations over occupied Europe the 153 Squadron carried out mine  laying operations over the Kattegat, a body of water between  Sweden and Denmark. The mines were laid to sink German controlled ships loaded with iron ore from Sweden, headed for the  Nazi war machine manufacturing factories, Sweden being a neutral power in WW II. These mine laying operations were considered very dangerous - and crews were not pleased to be going on  them. They were referred to as "gardening" to keep any mission  secret until the flights were completed. One such mission was  planned for late March or early April 1945. It was to lay mines on  the Samco Belt in the southern Kattegat area. I think S/L John  Gee, author of the book "Wingspan" pages 181-182, described the  preparation for what turned out to be the last mines laying operations by Squadron 153 in WW II. "The operation was on then off for  quite a few days. W/C. Powley put himself down to fly on the first  occasion with my crew but the operation was cancelled fairly early in  the day. The following day the operation was on again for that night.  W/C Powley was unable to be on the Order of Battle as he was standing in for the Station Commander so I was listed with my crew. After  ohs 97 WING COMMANDER FRANK POWLEY  we were well on with the preparations the operations were cancelled  again - the same thing happened on the third day. On April 4th the  operation was on again and this time W/C Powley was available and  put himself back on the Order of Battle with my crew. It had been cancelled so many times we were half expecting another cancellation.  During the afternoon I was walking across the aerodrome with W/C  Powley after we had been out to dispersal to check all was well with  'IT Uncle. As we walked he turned to me and said, 'John, I've been worried about this operation for the past few days and I have a premonition about it. If I had the guts I would take myself off the Order of  Battle but if I did I would never again be able to look the Squadron in  the face! I was deeply affected by this and I immediately offered to fly  in his place. Naturally he would not hear of it."  The five planes in the mine mission took off at 9:05 hours  and were piloted by F/L McLarty, F/O Purves, F/L Pirth, W/C  Powley and F/L Winder. On the same night twelve Lancasters  from Squadron 153 took part in an attack on Leutzkindorf and all  returned safely. However, of the five Lancasters that went to the  Kattegat, three landed safely back at Scampton and reported that  the missing two planes were seen to be shot down in the Kattegat  by German night fighters from a Nazi base in Denmark. There  were no survivors. It was later confirmed by comparing British  and German records that the two Lancasters were RA544 P4-2nd  U flown by Wing Commander Powley, and the other NX563 P4 by  F/L Arthur Winder. The first plane was shot down at 2300 hours  and the second at 00:05 hours. Patrolling the Sanco Belt that night  in a German Fighter JU-88 Code D5AL was Major Werner, the CO.  of 1 N563 First Squadron, Night Fighter Unit #3 based in  Denmark. He was a skilled German fighter pilot with over thirty  enemy aircraft destroyed to his credit. Flak was non-existent,  leaving the path clear for the night fighters. This "gardening" raid  was the last one to be set up by the R.A.F. in WW II from #153  Bomber Squadron. When the news broke, a heavy gloom fell over  the base. It was a great shock for his fiancee, Miss Annette Wiley,  who was an officer in the W.A.F.F. at Scampton. It was also a great  shock for his parents in British Columbia, Canada, and to all who  knew him, especially those in Squadron 153. My older brother  Rex, a navigator in the R.C.A.F. was able to go to Scampton to look  after Frank's personal belongings.  Slightly over a month after Frank was lost, the war in Europe  ended on May 8, 1945, with the defeat of Germany. In review, all  the bomber commands experienced their most momentous action  of the war February 1945 through to the first week in May. The  tempo quickened, operation flights more frequent, and sadly losses mounted. Strain and tension were much more apparent and  98 ohs WING COMMANDER FRANK POWLEY  morale was on a downward trend. Various ways of boosting the  slipping morale were tried by Squadron C.O.'s and Flight S/L's. In  wartime, it's very hard for non-combatants to comprehend what it  must have been like for all concerned, to have so much tension  and apprehension; the aircrew, as an example, hoping not to be  shot down by enemy forces, or trying to get back to base with a  disabled plane, or having to crash land in enemy territory. Bad  weather and heavy fog was a major obstacle impeding their way  back to base to have perhaps landing problems. I would like to  quote a few lines  from "The History of  Squadron 153" page  77, written by John  Johns. "It was generally conceded that  there were two periods  during any crews'  operational tour which  were more accident  prone than any other.  These  were  that  the  first five  and the  last    Francis powley on a break. Taken in 1945 in Norwich, a  five  Sorties  share  One    short time before he was lost.  aspect, that Of tension.     (Courtesy Hume M. Powley)  At the beginning was the fear of the unknown, the urge to prove oneself and coming to grips with a novel situation. Once they had almost  finished their tours, crews were conscious that the law of averages was  working against them - some even developed the operational twitch.  Of the twenty-two crews lost by 153 Squadron, six (five on their first  sortie) failed to reach five operations; seven were lost after recording  twenty operations; but only two were on their last five." The Bomber  Command of the R.A.F. certainly did their share in defeating  Germany but not without a heavy loss in human lives.  I have been most fortunate to attend two Squadron 153 reunions, the 50th in 1995 and the 55th in 2000, held in Lincoln,  Lincolnshire. The words of praise and respect for Frank from the  members present I will never forget. I would also like to say the  welcome and friendship extended to me were tremendous and  greatly appreciated. It was very clearly shown Frank ranked very  highly with Squadron 153 as their first Commanding Officer and  leader.  ohs 99 WING COMMANDER FRANK POWLEY  To complete the biography I am going to list Frank's Record  of Service, Aircrafts Flown and Bombing Destinations.  Record of Service:  UNIT NUMBER  7 ITS - Desford, England  RAF Depot - Uxbridge, England  4 FTS - Abu-Sueir, Egypt  275 SQN - Kohat & Risalpur, India  1 FTS - Ambala, India  Transit to England  18 O.T.U. - Finningley, England  1667 C.U. - Lindholme, England  166 SQN - Kirmington, England  1 LFS - Hemswell, England  153 SQN - Scampton, England  04-01-  13-03  31-03  21-11-  21-10-  02-02  10-05  07-07  10-07-  30-04  16-10  DATE  -37 13-  -37 31-  -37 21-  -37 21-  •40 02-  -43 24-  -43 07-  -43 10-  -43 30-  -44 07-  -44 04-  03-37  03-37  •11-37  10-40  02-43  04-43  07-43  07-43  04-44  -10-44  ■04-45  Aircraft Flown:  AIRCRAFT  Tiger Moth  Gordon  Avro TUtor  HartT  Audax  Hart  Wapiti  Blenheim  Leopard Moth  OH. Dragon  Express  OH. Dragon  Rapide  ENGINE  Gypsy Major  N.A.  Lynx  Kestrel  Kestrel  Kestrel  Jupiter  Mercury  Gypsy Major  4 GSix  2 GSix  AIRCRAFT ENGINE  OH. Dragon Fly   2 G Major  Atlanta H Serval  Lysander Persisus  Douglas D.C. 22W Cyclones  Harvard - Wasp   Wasp  Anson  Wellington III  Wellington X  Lancaster I  Cheetah  Hercules XI  Hercules VI & N XVI  Merlin XX  Lancaster III        Merlin 28, 24, 38  Oxford  N.A.  Bombing Destinations Over Europe:  #  l  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11  12  13  DATE  June 26/43  July 13/43  July 24/43  July 25/43  July 27/43  July 29/43  Aug. 12/43  Aug. 15/43  Sept. 2/43  Sept. 5/43  Sept. 8/43  Sept. 18/43  Sept. 23/43  AIRCRAFT  Wellington X  Wellington X  Wellington X  Wellington X  Wellington X  Wellington X  Wellington X  Wellington X  Wellington X  Wellington X  Wellington X  Wellington X  Lancaster  DESTINATION  Rennes, France  Aachen, Germany  Hamburg, Germany  Essen, Germany  Hamburg, Germany  Hamburg, Germany  Gardening Kattagat  Gardening Kattagat  Gardening Kattagat  Gardening Kattagat  Boulogne, France  Gardening Kattagat  Mannheim, Germany  100 ohs WING COMMANDER FRANK POWLEY  14  Sept. 29/43  Lancaster  Bochum, Germany  15  Oct. 1/43  Lancaster  Hagen, Germany  16  Oct. 3/43  Lancaster  Kassel, Germany  17  Oct. 7/43  Lancaster  Stutgart, Germany  18  Oct. 8/43  Lancaster  Hannover, Germany  19  Oct. 22/43  Lancaster  Kassel, Germany  20  Nov. 3/43  Lancaster  Dusseldorf, Germany  21  Nov. 10/43  Lancaster  Modane, Germany  22  Nov. 18/43  Lancaster  Berlin, Germany  23  Dec. 2/43  Lancaster  Berlin, Germany  24  Dec. 16/43  Lancaster  Berlin, Germany  25  Dec. 20/43  Lancaster  Frankfurt, Germany  26  Dec. 29/43  Lancaster  Berlin, Germany  27  Jan. 14/44  Lancaster  Brunswick, Germany  28  Feb. 25/44  Lancaster  Augsburg, Germany  29  Mar. 7/45  Lancaster  Leipzig, Germany  30  Mar. 24/45  Lancaster  Bochum, Germany  31  Apr. 4/45  Lancaster  Gardening Kattagat  References:  1. Wingspan. Pages 181-182, S/L John Gee  2. History of 153 R.A.F. Bomber Squadron, paragraph 77, John Johns  3. Pilots Flying Log Book (India), W/C Frank Powley  4. Pilots Flying Log Book, W/C Frank Powley  5. Miscellaneous letters and newspaper write-ups  6. F/L R. A. Tbwgood's nephew John Towgood, Oyama, B.C., Canada  153 Squadron R.A.F. - 1944/45. (Courtesy Hume M. Powley)  Frank Powley, taken over the desert at 6,000 feet.  (Courtesy Hume M. Powley)  OHS 101 DOROTHY DEAKIN MEMOIRS  20 Years Ago - C.S.H.A/s  and My 20th Anniversary  by the late Dorothy Deakin, m.Sc, l.c.s.t., c.c.c.-Sp.  (Written shortly before retirement in 1986)  Kelowna, B.C.  This is her story: I  arrived in Kelowna, B.C.  from England (although a  Canadian) in October 1964 to  join the Field Services of the  British Columbia Speech and  Hearing Programme.  We were on the payroll  partly of the Rehabilitation  Foundation of British Columbia  (largely Kinsmen Club supported) and partly on National  Health Grants, until in April,  1966 we became a division of  the B.C. Government Health  Ministry. There were only two  speech therapists, one other  and myself in the whole  Interior of B.C. and five more at  the Coast.  Dorothy G. Deakin.  (Courtesy The Daily Courier)  In the South Okanagan Health Unit my area, in 1964, consisted of 5,000 square miles, population of approximately 62,000,  six school districts and three hospitals.  I drove 80 miles a day three days a week. I had a special car  equipped for the Canadian Winter Rally. In the trunk were sand-  Dorothy G. Deakin was born March 3,1921 in Winnipeg, Manitoba to English  parents. She was educated in Port Arthur and Montreal. From 1940 to 1945  she was secretary to the Priorities Officer in the Purchasing Department of  Defense Industries Limited. She trained to be a Speech and Language  Therapist with the College of Speech Therapists, England-1956- 1959. After  working at London Hospital from 1959- 1964, she returned to Canada as  Speech/Language pathologist for the South Okanagan Health Region and Co-  founder of the Okanagan Neurological Association (the present Central  Okanagan Child Development Centre).  102 ohs DOROTHY DEAKIN MEMOIRS  bags for weight, a shovel and sacks, a pillow, a sleeping bag, and  a bottle of brandy tucked inside! The first winter was extremely  cold and it drove huge herds of deer down from the mountain tops  onto the highways. The danger of hitting them at night made me  stay overnight in Penticton frequently. However, in summer it  was refreshing to swim in Lake Okanagan on the way home, and  a more beautiful drive anywhere I do not know.  I was on call 24 hours a day to the hospital and occasionally  had to go in the middle of the night to hold a poor old stroke victim's hand.  I did house calls - there was no hospital outpatient service,  and once a patient was discharged, and had no transport, therapy  had to be delivered to his home.  Field trips were made twice a year to Cranbrook, Creston  and Trail in the Kootenays and once a year to Prince George.  Scores of children of all ages and adults would be examined, diagnosed and prescriptive programmes given to all and sundry to  work on until our next visit. We traveled in my Programme  Director's Mini-Minor car.  In the Okanagan there were no special education services in  any schools. Dr. David Kendall from U.B.C. flew out from  Vancouver every Thursday, weather permitting, to lecture several teachers and me on Special Education.  In Kelowna there were no school counselors except one who  had been a social worker and could only handle children with  emotional problems, not learning difficulties. The Speech  Therapist was expected to take on everything including kids who  couldn't do Math!  There was one private segregated school for trainable mentally retarded children, and the educable mentally retarded children were in segregated classes in regular schools. There were no  kindergartens, preschools or daycare centers. There were no  Child Development Centres and no facilities of any kind for the  neurologically impaired.  I occupied one 8' x 10' room in the Kelowna Health Unit.  The plinth for working with Cerebral Palsied patients was an old  medical examination table, foot-piece and all!  There was no audiologist anywhere except 300 miles away  in Vancouver, and I had a badly un-calibrated audiometer!  I seldom got to any B.C. Speech & Hearing Association or  Canadian Speech & Hearing Association meetings or conventions  in Vancouver. As I worked far out in the "boonies", I did not get  involved in the "burning issues" among my Vancouver colleagues -  I did get lonely! There was one burning issue in the autumn of  1966, when C.S.H.A. was trying to decide whether or not to allow  Licentiates of the College of Speech Therapists (England) to retain  ohs 103 DOROTHY DEAKIN MEMOIRS  membership. I wrote every L.C.S.T. in The Canadian Directory at  the time, urging action and protest, and we won.  Twenty years later, the little Johnnies of 1964 are great strapping young men and now Dad's Speech Therapist is presently  Johnny's Speech and Language Pathologist!  Although on the surface, communication disorders have not  changed, of course our therapy has. In 20 years we have gone  from a vast majority of articulation cases to a much greater and  younger load of language development cases. Johnny may not  have changed but what we do with Johnny has!  P.S. 2003: Things have certainly changed since writing this! D.D.  MEMORANDUM  To: Dr. Moorehead  Regards Bill:  As you are well aware, many faces come and go through our  Health Unit over the years. Soon, the realization of a lot of hopes  and plans will come true in our long awaited "new Health Unit  building".(Ed. Note: Opened April 27, 1992.) It would seem unfortunate not to acknowledge Dorothy G. Deakin, MSc, L.C.S.T, C.C.C.  - Sp., Speech-Language Pathologist, who laid all the ground work  for the Speech Pathologists now working in the South Okanagan  Health Unit.  Dorothy came here in 1964 and retired in 1986. She extended herself far beyond the bounds of her workday to pioneer  speech pathology services in the Okanagan. She established the  Cleft Palate Clinic for those patients who couldn't go to the Coast;  her work with Stroke patients led to the formation of stroke clubs;  she provided the expertise required to counsel and treat laryngectomee patients, deaf and hard of hearing children/adults,  multi-handicapped children, as well as communicatively  impaired pre-school, school-aged and adult populations. She was  co-founder of the Okanagan Neurological Association; the present  Okanagan Child Development Centre. For her clinical and personal dedication to the community, she was awarded Kelowna  City Councils [SIC] Sarah Donalda Treadgold's [SIC] Woman of the  Year Award in 1980. I respectfully propose that Dorothy's contribution be acknowledged by us, in our new Health Unit building.  Would a plaque in the new Speech Clinic area be appropriate?  Could it be arranged? (Ed. Note: The plaque idea was replaced by a  framed picture hung in honour of Dorothy's service.)  Sincerely,  Lynda Vivian  Speech-Language Pathologist  P.S. Dorothy is still very involved in the community in her "retirement", being very active especially in the Hospice Society.  104 ohs DOROTHY DEAKIN MEMOIRS  ADDENDUM  by Lynda Vivian- June 10, 2005  By the time I came to Kelowna in 1982 to work with the  Ministry of Health, Dorothy had set up and was running on her  own, a service at Kelowna General Hospital, the Child  Development Centre (at the time called the Okanagan  Neurological Association) and the Health Unit. The children she  saw for therapy fondly referred to her as "Deakie". Dorothy retired  in 1986. She would have liked to ski and climb mountains (literally!), but unfortunately, osteoarthritis didn't let her do those  things. She did however pursue volunteer work with Hospice, and  loved her time with the Symphony. There was even an article in  the paper by garden expert Don Burnett about Dorothy and her  garden!  Dorothy did not marry nor have children. If you knew  Dorothy, you were instantly given an opportunity to be part other  life. To know her was to know a fascinating person as well as a  knowledgeable Speech Pathologist. Colleagues, patients and  friends alike remember her stories, her youthful enthusiasm, her  laughter, her commitment and her caring.  Sincerely,  Lynda Vivian  Speech pathologist  Kelowna Health Centre  ohs 105 JOHN HAYHURST - EARLY OKANAGAN FOREST RANGER  John Hayhurst — Early  Okanagan Forest Ranger  by Joanne Hayhurst  John "Jack" William  Hayhurst was born  January 18, 1899 to  William and Edith Hayhurst.  William was one of the first  pioneers in the Armstrong  district and his farm was in  the Hullcar area. The  Hayhursts were renowned for  their vegetables and William  was a Division leader in the  local Produce Exhibitions.  Young John had a  much older sister, Amy (see  OHS #42: 105-109), an older  sister Nel and a younger  brother Cliff. John attended  Hullcar School and had to  walk two and a half miles  with Nel and Cliff to get there.  Two weeks every fall, they  stayed home to pick potatoes and missed school the odd day for  picking turnips.  After finishing school John joined the Army at age sixteen  and was a guard at an internment camp during the First World  War. The camp, located on Mara Lake, was accessible by water  only and housed about one hundred prisoners. After turning seventeen, John joined the 172nd Overseas Regiment and was stationed at Windsor Park, England. Because of his young age, he  was kept from the front lines for two years and spent his time driving truck, hauling men and equipment. He also did some logging. As soon as he was old enough, he transferred to the infantry,  but soon the signing of the Armistice brought an end to the War.  Joanne Hayhurst compiled the family story with her husband Ron. Family  members were consulted, memories were gathered, old newspapers were  read and family photos were reviewed. Joanne's favourite pastime is  researching family history, and she takes pride in recording it for future generations.  John Hayhurst at Hullcar, near Armstrong, in  1919 after his return from World War One.  (Courtesy the Hayhurst family)  106 ohs JOHN HAYHURST - EARLY OKANAGAN FOREST RANGER  From there it was on to the Canadian Army Service Corps, where  he served in the Motor Transport division until returning to  Canada in 1919.  When John returned to civilian life he worked at various logging related jobs one of which was making railway ties with a  broad axe. He held the record at that time for the number of railway ties made in a day and as far as is known he still holds the  record. In 1927 he joined the BC Forest Service and started out as  an assistant ranger in Lumby. "Being a Forester came easy to me,  having grown up and worked around the bush all my life," he said.  John's job included timber cruising, or estimating the amount of  usable timber on an acre of forest timber sales, checking the logging operations of various sawmills and fire fighting. He did not  much like the paper work because it kept him in the office!  John remembered 1929 as being one of the worst years on  record for forest fires. A single storm that year sparked forty-four  blazes and in one of the largest fires in the area's history, more  than fifty million board-feet of timber were destroyed on Silver  Star Mountain. There were no such things as helicopters or water  bombers in those days. Men had to hike in to the fires on foot,  sometimes taking two days just to reach the blaze. Standard equipment for forest fire fighters were the shovel and the polaski (an  axe-like tool with a blade on one side and a pick on the other).  Their only source of water unless a creek was nearby was a backpack water pump, and the firefighters basically worked to halt the  spread of the fire rather than actually to put it out. It was John's  job to recruit men to fight the forest fires, and "there were sometimes three or four hundred men called in, mostly from area logging  crews." If they needed more help, he would then call the police  department to round up more men.  In 1928, John traveled to Dropmore, Manitoba to marry  Winnifred Morris Pyott on March 20th. He had met her on a previous visit to Manitoba while he was on a hunting trip with  Winnie's brother Alex. Alex Pyott was a neighbour of the  Hayhursts at Hullcar.  When John and Winnie were first married they had the  unique experience of living in a Float House on Sugar Lake for  several months before taking up residence in Lumby. They spent  ten years in Lumby, one in Vernon, three in Chase and then  returned to Vernon where John was a Forest Ranger for the next  fifteen years. In 1938, when he was stationed in Chase, John was  instructed to set aside a suitable future Provincial Campground  site. He chose the area north of Adams River and Shuswap Lake  which is now Scotch Creek Provincial Park. When the Second  World War broke out John wanted to enlist, but was turned down  due to the importance of his job. Forest Rangers were too hard to  replace during the War. In 1941, he was transferred back to the  newly enlarged Vernon Forest District where he shared his duties  ohs 107 JOHN HAYHURST - EARLY OKANAGAN FOREST RANGER  with fellow forest ranger Jack McCluskey. After living in town for  seven years, John bought twelve acres on Malim Road in the BX  area of Vernon, to give his growing family room to run.  John's new territory in the Vernon Forest District covered  the area north of Sugar Lake, which required him to walk many  miles each day. On these walks John often gathered treats for his  family such as wild honey, wild mushrooms and various wild  berries. He loved going big game hunting and he went on at least  one big trip annually. The wild game was also a nice added treat  for meals. These hunting trips kept the story telling going for  months each year. Family outings were usually limited to one of  the many relatives in Armstrong as John was "on call" on weekends during the fire season, and so could not venture far.  From 1931 to 1945, two daughters and four sons were born  to Winnie and John: Janet, Edith "Peggy", Ron, Ernie, Doug and  Charlie. Tragedy came to the family when Janet passed away  November 18th, 1943, a victim of the typhoid epidemic that struck  Vernon. Their son Ron also contracted typhoid fever and Aunt  Amy, first matron of the Armstrong Spallumcheen Hospital,  looked after him for a year.  Winnie and John were busy raising and providing for their  family, however, they managed to find time for other interests.  Winnie enjoyed needlework, and in the summer, her flower garden, particularly the roses, gave her pleasure. Woodworking was a  hobby of John's and he also loved working in his vegetable garden. He was mainly an outdoorsman and was interested in all  wildlife and nature.  In 1956, John left the Forestry and went into contract logging with his son Ron. While logging in the Oyama area, John  graded and built weirs and control structures for irrigation purposes. In 2003 a lake was named for him. It is located west of  Oyama Lake in the High Rim section of the Okanagan's Highlands  Trail. In the Silver Star and Coldstream area, John and son Ron  logged for a sawmill north of Mabel Lake and were there for seven  years. Next they set up a sawmill at Lac Le Jeune near Kamloops,  but within two years, they were burnt out in a forest fire. John  decided to retire instead of rebuilding.  In 1965, John and Winnie sold their home on the BX in  Vernon and moved to Mayne Island. Life on the island was different from that in the interior and beachcombing was a new and  interesting hobby for John. Winnie became an active member of  the Agricultural Society and won many prizes at the Fall Fair for  her flowers, baking and needlework. She belonged to a ceramics  club and made many pieces of ceramics that were appreciated  gifts. In addition to those activities she found time to work as a  volunteer at the local thrift shop. John started a woodlot and kept  busy by supplying wood to the island residents.  By 1977, they thought it was time to move closer to family  108 ohs JOHN HAYHURST - EARLY OKANAGAN FOREST RANGER  Hayhurst family in 1948. (Courtesy the Hayhurst family)  Back (L to R): Edith, Winnie and John. Front (L to R): Ron, Ernie, Charlie and Doug.  members and so they moved back to the Lumby area. In March of  the   following   year   they   celebrated   their   50th   Wedding  Anniversary.  John and Winnie  moved to Vernon's "Noric  House" in August 1984.  Winnie continued to enjoy  her knitting, crafts and reading. John enjoyed bird  watching, bowling and playing horseshoes. They still  enjoyed outings with their  family which now included  fifteen grandchildren and  three great grandchildren.  On one occasion in 1985  they hired a bus to take the  family to Sugar Lake for a  picnic. It was a happy occasion as that is where they  had begun their married life.  Winnie   passed   away  John "jack" Hayhurst in 1972. January 10th,   1986 in her  (Courtesy the Hayhurst family) 84th year.  John passed away November 1st, 1989 in his 90th year.  ohs 109 HAYHURST LAKE  by Mary Ellison Bailey  Hikers from Lethbridge and Victoria at  Hayhurst Lake in 1993.  (Courtesy Mary Ellison Bailey)  Hayhurst Lake  If you have never  heard of Hayhurst  Lake before, it is  newly named. It has  been moved from the  "no name" category to  one with a name identification. In the early  1990's, when members  of the Western Canada  Wilderness Committee's  trail building crew started to make the fifty-five  kilometre High Rim  Trail from Cosens Bay  on Kalamalka Lake to  Philpott Road north of  Highway #33, the trail  went past a small lake  west of Oyama Lake. By  checking forestry maps  it  was  found  that  no  name had been given to this very small lake. A reference point  was required for developing a map to scale for a trail brochure,  and officially naming the lake would fill this need.  Harold Somerset (see OHS, #67: 183-5), an Oyama resident  for sixty years, suggested that the little lake be named after John  "Jack" Hayhurst. Not only was John the forest ranger responsible  for the Oyama area (1941-1956) out of the Vernon Forestry Office  but also he had worked in Lumby and Chase too.Due to the importance of his job, John was exempt from joining the armed forces  in World War II. In 1956 John (57 years) retired from the forestry  office to become an independent logging contractor who worked  in these hills above Oyama. Many of the skid roads pushed  through were used in establishing High Rim Trail. With his heavy  equipment he also generously graded and built small weirs and  control structures for irrigation purposes for the Wood Lake  Improvement District since he was nearby with his machinery.  John was a tall, large-framed, friendly man who was highly  respected and very popular.  Mary Ellison Bailey of Oyama and Armstrong is a member of the Friends of  Vernon Museum, the Armstrong Spallumcheen Museum and Arts Society  and the Western Canada Wilderness Committee.  110 ohs HAYHURST LAKE  During research on Hayhurst Lake it was found that personal names for geographical features must be given posthumously  and only the surname be considered. Since John Hayhurst was a  member of a well-known North Okanagan pioneer family, it  seemed appropriate that the lake be officially named for him. The  name agreed with the policies of the Geographical Names Unit in  the Surveys and Resource Management Branch of the Ministry of  Lands and Parks. The proposed name Hayhurst Lake was also  found to be acceptable to the Wood Lake Improvement District  and the Ministry of Forests, Vernon Office who gave their  approval for naming Hayhurst Lake. The name proposal was submitted in 1994 and was made official in March 2003.  The trail to the Lake is used by Cubs, Scouts, school classes  and hikers and so it is important to have an official name and to  have Hayhurst Lake clearly identified.  References:  Provincial  topographical  1:50,000 map,  82L/3 Oyama area  Latitude: 50 deg.  06' 23"  Longitude: 119 deg.  17' 50"  Personal  Communication:  Janet Mason  Researcher,  Ministry of Lands  and Parks  Jack Allingham  Manager,  Wood Lake  Improvement District  Arnold Trewhitt  Former Water Bailiff  Oyama  Jake Wasiluk  Operations Manager,  Ministry of Forests  Vernon  City of Vernon  Built by  Western Canada Wilderness Committee  Okanagan  Highlands Trail  Map#l  \^> Lakes or Ponds  S~~- Creeks    Roads  ■*—" Highways   High Rim Trail  OHS   111 R.P. "TINY" WALROD  R.P. (Tiny) Walrod  by Ian E Greenwood  R.P (Tiny) Walrod played  a key role in the formation of BC Fruit  Processors Ltd. (later named  Sun-Rype Products Ltd) as he  managed it for sixteen years.  He was also General Manager  of BC Tree Fruits and was the  founding Managing Director  of Mission Hill Wines. Deeply  involved in many community  organizations, he had an insatiable curiosity in a wide  range of interests. Tiny was a  truly unique man and I had  the privilege of working with  him for a number of years. It  is an honour to have the  opportunity to write his story.  R.P. (Tiny) Walrod.  (Courtesy Ian F. Greenwood)  Growing up  Riley P. Walrod and his wife Philena were his grandparents.  They lived in Ida Grove, Iowa, and had eleven children. In 1904,  they immigrated to Olds Alberta, later moving to Calgary and  eventually retiring to Kelowna, B.C. Riley died in 1941 at the age  of eighty-seven and Philena passed away ten years later at age  ninety-four.  Harry Lee, their fourth child, was born in 1883. In 1909, he  and Ethel Silverthorn were married in Cayuga, North Dakota. The  actual date of their move to Alberta is not recorded, but there is a  photo of them dressed formally in a horse drawn cart at the  famous tree in Stanley Park in Vancouver in that same year, possibly on their honeymoon.  Riley Paul, named after his grandfather, was born in Olds  Ian F. Greenwood was raised on a fruit ranch near Nelson and received all his  schooling there. He graduated with a Degree in Agriculture at UBC and  joined Bulmans Ltd. in Vernon and then Sun-Rype in 1952, where he was to  spend the next thirty years. He succeeded Tiny Walrod as General Manager  in 1964 and assumed the additional responsibility of General Manager of BC  Tree Fruits in 1970.  112  OHS R.P. "TINY" WALROD  Alberta on September 30, 1910. His sister Ethel was born  in late 1911. Very sadly, their mother at age twenty, died shortly  after Ethel's birth. Eight months later, in July 1912, Harry died at  the age of twenty-nine, leaving the two children as orphans. Paul  was raised by his grandparents, Riley and Philena, while Ethel  was adopted by her Uncle Bruce and Aunt Mary, who were childless at the time.  Information on Paul's (Tiny's) early years is sketchy.  However, his cousin Mildred has supplied several interesting  highlights. Because "Tiny" had few toys to play with when he was  very young, his grandmother taught him how to tat. He never forgot how to do it. The late Sid Land, a past president of Sun-Rype,  recalls a train trip across Canada with Tiny. They were on their  way to the annual Horticultural Council meetings in Ottawa, and  Tiny spent many hours en route, tatting!  When Tiny was thirteen, he spent the summer at his Uncle  Elverton (nicknamed Budge) and Aunt Tillie's homestead on the  Red Deer River, near Rumsey, thirty miles north of Drumheller.  By age thirteen he was so big that his Uncle Budge nicknamed  him "Tiny". That name was to stick with him for the rest of his life  and that is how he always wanted to be called. When his grandparents moved to Calgary, Tiny went with them to continue  school.  The Walrod families were very musical. Uncle Budge could  play almost any musical instrument that he could lay his hands  on, including the guitar, violin, piano and accordion. No doubt this  had a major impact on Tiny, where music became such a big part  of his life and mention of this will be made later in the story.  We don't know too much about his later teenage years. It is  assumed that he did not complete high school, as he was more  interested in his music and in seeing the country. It was while he  was playing in a band at the Banff Springs Hotel that he met one  of the waitresses, Marie Tafin, and they were married in 1928.  Tiny was 18 and Marie was 19.  His Working Career  Around 1931, Tiny and Marie drove out to Kelowna with a  cousin and Tiny worked on his Uncle J. W Hughes' farm and  vineyard. J.W owned three farms and most of these were planted  in grapes - Concords and Niagaras.  Oregon State University had a Food Technology Department  at Corvallis and offered extension courses, in addition to the  degree granting ones. F.E. (Ted) Atkinson, who was head of the  Fruit  and  Vegetable  Processing  Laboratory  at the  Dominion  OHS 113 R.P. "TINY" WALROD  Research Station in Summerland graduated from there in 1929.  Possibly Tiny learned of the extension courses through Ted or  from a cousin, Gray, who was attending Oregon State at the time.  Regardless, he attended for three or four years. He and Marie  would work on the farm and in the packing house until the season was over. Tiny would head down to Corvallis by train in  January to attend courses and would return by June. Marie  worked wherever she could to help pay for Tiny's expenses and  his uncle (JW) also helped financially. His studies at Corvallis  were followed by an extension course in food science at the  University of California at Berkley. Some years later in the 1950's,  he took a course at MIT in Boston. This is a remarkable record for  one who never graduated from high school but it is one more  example of his talents.  His lifetime career in the fruit processing industry started in  1937 when a group of entrepreneurs including J.J. Flynn and  some independent packinghouse owners formed a company,  Modern Foods, to utilize some of the cull apples that were just  being dumped. Tiny was hired as the chemist. A plant was built  at the north end of Kelowna at Ellis and Roanoke, near the  sawmill. The products included dehydrated apples for the mining  and lumber camps as well as some vinegar. After one year, operations ceased, as the company had lost $17,000. The next year it  was leased to the Kelowna Vinegar Syndicate but it also failed  after one season. The Kelowna Growers Exchange- a cooperative-  purchased the bankrupt company for $25,000 and operated it as a  division of the packinghouse.  Apple juice was just beginning to be produced in the valley  by three companies: Deightons in Oliver, Modern Foods in Kelowna  and the Vernon Fruit Union in Woodsdale. Up until then, apple  juice was unknown but its popularity rapidly grew with consumers across Western Canada. Other products that Modern Foods  produced were dehydrated apple slices and chips, vinegar, apple  concentrate, pickles, apple butter and apple jelly. These were sold  under the Sun-Rype label. In 1946, the growers, through the  British Columbia Fruit Growers Association, formed a new company, BC Fruit Processors Ltd., owned by all the growers in the  interior valleys. It purchased the three apple juice processing  plants in Oliver, Kelowna (Modern Foods) and Woodsdale and a  cherry brining plant in Summerland (which burned down within  a year). The next year the company purchased Okanagan Fruit  Juices Ltd. where the company is located today. Tiny was named  Production Manager and in 1949, General Manager.  B.C. Fruit Processors Ltd. built a very strong foundation by  creating a strong brand, Sun-Rype. which is recognized today in  114 OHS R.P. "TINY" WALROD  every household in Western Canada. In addition, stress was  placed on producing only top quality health products from fruit.  Another marketing tool was the development of attractive labels  for the products. BC Fruit Processors grew under Tiny's leadership. In the mid- 1950's, the company expanded into the processing of soft fruits such as apricots, peaches and prunes by developing new products including a family of pie fillings, apricot concentrate and nectars. In 1958, the company changed its corporate  name to Sun-Rype Products Ltd. to take advantage of its well-recognized brand.  BC Fruit Processors Ltd. was a co-operative with a Board of  Directors - all growers - who were elected annually at the BC Fruit  Growers Association convention. In April 1955, Tiny assumed the  additional role of General Manager of BC Tree Fruits Ltd. This  company was also owned by the growers and was the one- desk  selling agency for sales of the majority of all the fresh fruit grown  in the interior. The company owned a subsidiary - Canadian Fruit  Distributors - with sales offices across Canada. Brokers were used  in the U.S. and Europe and a panel of agents sold in Hong Kong,  Singapore, Taiwan and other countries in the Far East. The General  Manager reported to a Board of Governors at BC Tree Fruits who  were also elected annually. Hence Tiny was managing both companies - one responsible for processing the less desirable grades of  apples and other fruits, and the other responsible for the marketing of the fresh fruit crop. Having to report to two separate grower boards was very difficult at times, and must have been very  stressful.  The industry was having a difficult time in the mid 1950's  and applied to the Provincial Government for financial assistance  to the growers. In December 1956, Premier W.A.C. Bennett  appointed Dean E.D. MacPhee, Dean of the UBC Faculty of  Commerce, to undertake a Royal Commission into the fruit industry. The 800-page Commission report was completed two years  later and was the most comprehensive study ever undertaken in  the industry. For years, it was referred to as "The Bible". Dean  MacPhee made a number of recommendations, including several  on management. He was complimentary of Tiny's abilities and  his leadership, and recommended that he should continue as general manager of the two companies.  In taking over the management of the fresh fruit sales  agency in 1955, Tiny brought some fresh marketing ideas and  four are mentioned at this time. The first was the development of  the Macintosh handipak- an 18 pound package of orchard run  apples for families. Hundreds of carloads were shipped across  Western Canada as the harvest got underway and this moved a sig-  OHS 115 R.P. "TINY" WALROD  nificant portion of the Mac crop.  Tiny and his export sales staff developed a market for BC  apples in California, in the far east including Taiwan, Hong Kong  and Singapore and worked on re-entering the U.K. market, after  some years of being absent. This had been a traditional market for  Canadian Mcintosh apples but following the war, Golden  Delicious from France flooded that market, halting the imports of  Canadian fruit. Eventually BC Tree Fruits was successful in shipping a limited quantity of BC apples (including Spartans) there.  Another major contribution that he made was the implementation of a quality assurance program in the packinghouses.  There were fifty-six packing plants at the time, with all the packed  fruit being packed and sold under the BC brand. It was important  to have a consistent product, regardless in which house it was  packed.  Finally, a major development during Tiny's years as manager was the building of controlled atmosphere cold storages. This is  the process whereby the apples in bins, immediately after harvesting, are loaded into specially constructed rooms which are  then sealed. The metabolism of the apple is reduced, the apples  are "put to sleep" and the shelf life is greatly extended so that  fresh crisp apples are available to the consumer year round.  Once Tiny was appointed General Manager of BC Tree  Fruits, he and the staff commenced experiments on controlled  atmosphere storage, working in conjunction with Dr. Porritt and  Dr. Fisher at the Research Station in Summerland, to determine  whether a satisfactory result could be obtained with apples harvested from our irrigated orchards, as irrigation was not common  in the east. After nearly ten years of experimenting and trials, the  industry decided to proceed to build a Controlled Atmosphere  (CA) storage and in 1963, a plant with six rooms was built on the  site of the former Sun-Rype operation on Ellis Street. More CA  storages were built in the following years. Once again, Tiny was a  visionary and he could foresee the time in the very near future  when American and Canadian retail chains, to be assured of top  quality, would insist on purchasing only CA apples after the new  year. Indeed his prediction was to prove correct and the industry's  move into CA was timely and critical in selling the crop at the best  possible returns to the grower.  In 1958, Mr. Walrod was appointed to a three man Royal  Commission on Education by Premier W.A.C. Bennett. This was  an honour to Tiny, who had never graduated from high school or  university, to the industry and to the interior  In 1964, Tiny stepped down as General Manager of Sun-  116  OHS R.P. "TINY" WALROD  Rype after having served faithfully for the first eighteen years of  its existence. He had made a major impact on the growth and success of the company. In mid -1965, he also left BC Tree Fruits. In  attendance at a testimonial dinner held at the Capri Hotel on July  15, 1965, were seventy representatives of the fruit packing and  allied service industries, suppliers, financial institutions, Federal  and Provincial governments as well as community organizations  to which Tiny had contributed so much over the previous thirty  years.  On leaving the industry, he received offers for positions  elsewhere in Canada as well as the US, but he decided that he  wished to remain in the valley where he had spent so many years.  In 1964, a group of local businessmen had retained Tiny to  undertake a feasibility study on the establishment of a winery in  the Kelowna area. At that time there were only two wineries in  the province-Growers Wine in Victoria and Calona Wines in  Kelowna - and both had been established for many years. His  report indicated that indeed there was an opportunity for another  winery.  Upon leaving the fruit industry, he was retained by the  group to proceed to design and build a winery and to operate it as  its managing director. The first step was to register Mission Hill  Wines as a public company and to list it on the stock exchange.  Tiny, along with a local architect, John Woodworth, and Gordon  Hirtle, an engineer, flew to the Napa Valley in John's plane to visit  a number of wineries with the help of a California wine consultant whom Tiny had retained. John tells the story of crossing the  border on their return flight and as they neared Kelowna, Tiny  asked him to circle over the top of Mount Boucherie. He told the  other two that this would be the location of the new winery and  that it would be called Mission Hills.  The property was subsequently purchased. It posed some  major hurdles but offsetting this was one of the most beautiful  sites in the valley, with a panoramic view of Lake Okanagan.  As mentioned earlier, Tiny was a visionary and he wanted to  develop this as a mission winery similar to what he had observed  in the Napa Valley.  John Woodworth was retained to design the winery and a  local contractor, Bob Spall, was given the contract to build the  plant. Work commenced early in 1966. Very tragically, Tiny was  not to see the fruition of his dream.  The winery was completed and led a varied existence in the  early years. In 1982, Anthony von Mandl purchased the site and  operation, and over the intervening years, has expended over thir-  OHS 117 R.P. "TINY" WALROD  ty million dollars in developing it as a mission winery. A large bell  tower has been built with chimes playing on the hour and the  grounds have been beautifully landscaped with rose gardens and  an amphitheatre for evening concerts. Each year thousands of visitors from all over the world tour the winery and the grounds,  sample the wines and enjoy a meal outside. It is truly the fruition  of the dream that Tiny had - almost a legacy in his memory.  His Many Other Activities  Tiny was an unique individual with an insatiable curiosity,  wanting to learn all about many things and then being determined to master them himself. As a result, he excelled at almost  everything he attempted.  For most of his life, music was a big part of Tiny's life. His  cousin, Mildred MacDonald, recalls him singing in a number of  quartets as a boy and he would often be asked to sing his special  solo, The Holy City. He never received any formal training in  voice and like so many other activities, he was a self-taught man.  As has already been mentioned, he was playing in the band at the  Banff Springs Hotel at age eighteen. He sang in the United Church  choir and was asked to sing at many occasions including weddings, anniversaries, concerts and funerals. Two very significant  times were when he sang at their daughter Sharon's wedding and  at his grandmother's funeral. She and her late husband had raised  Tiny since he was two years old.  There is a story that a symphony orchestra came to Kelowna  to play, and shortly before the concert, the bass fiddle player took  ill. Tiny was asked at the last minute, despite not having played  with the group before, to step in. He did so gladly and without a  hitch.  Around 1949, Tiny hiked from Jasper to Banff on his own.  Sharon was six years old and she remembers seeing her dad off at  the train station with his camping equipment. She was crying as  the train left because she didn't know when he would be returning. During the solitary trip, a bear raided his food cache and ate  his strawberry jam! Sharon remembers that when he did return  he was a mess - sunburned and covered with bug bites. When she  asked him why he did the walk he said that he needed to be closer and to talk with God. This experience had a lasting impact on  him.  His Contribution to the Community  Tiny was very active in numerous organizations in the city.  He was elected an alderman on City Council for the years 1946  and 1947. He was a Kelowna Hospital Board trustee from 1947  118 OHS R.P. "TINY" WALROD  until 1965 and was chairman in 1959. Tiny headed the building  committee in 1952 when the Rose Avenue extension was built,  increasing the beds from 88 to 168. He was a volunteer in the fire  department, was a member of the Rotary Club, belonged to the  Masonic Lodge and was on an advisory board in the very early  stages of Okanagan College. For a number of years, he kept daily  records of the weather with measuring devices in his back yard.  The readings were forwarded to the weather station.  The End of a Short but Full Life  On February 18, 1966, while sketching at a vineyard at  McKinley's Landing, Tiny had a massive heart attack and died.  His funeral at First United Church (where he had sung in the  choir) was a large one. It was attended by dignitaries and a cross  section of the community. An editorial and tributes paid to him  appeared in the Kelowna Daily Courier. Tiny's widow, Marie,  lived an active life and died in 1996 at the age of 87. Their daughter Sharon and her husband Barrie continue to live in Kelowna  and there is one grandson, Paul.  Acknowledgements  Three individuals have been extremely helpful to me in preparing this  story on Tiny who has been gone now for almost forty years. The first is his  daughter Sharon who has helped to recollect happenings over the years.  Mildred McDonald was his cousin and was Elverton (Uncle Budge) and  Matilda's daughter. She is eighty-nine and has a wonderful memory of the  early years, when Tiny was being raised by his grandparents. Finally, W.G.  (Wib) Hallauer, one of Tiny's closest friends for twenty-five years, a retired  Washington State Senator, still living in Oroville, has been a great contributor. Wib is now nearly ninety-one and has a remarkable memory, writing fascinating stories of amusing incidents that happened over his lifetime. He  says that Tiny is the only genius he has ever known. To all three, I am indeed  indebted and the story could never have been written without their help.  February, 2005  OHS 119 A MAN OF MANY PARTS, BRIGADIER H.H. ANGLE  A Man of Many Parts  by James H. Hayes  i    ((  elowna Branch, Okanagan Historical Society  'OHS) continues the  task of recording for posterity, biographies of local persons who have left their mark  in the community.  One individual's life history, long overdue, is Okanagan  Mission orchardist/farmer,  public servant and soldier,  Brigadier H.H. Angle, DSO,  ED. (The rank of Brigadier is  now designated Brigadier-  General.) This gentleman's  record of achievement centers around his exemplary  military service, which seems  to have been lost in  Okanagan history. If one was  to ask people who have  moved to Kelowna and  District in the past thirty-five years, Brigadier Angle's name would  mean nothing to them, which is regrettable.  Thanks to the co-operation of his son, John Angle; availability  of Sinews Of Steel, official history of the Okanagan's Own  Regiment, The British Columbia Dragoons (BCD), by Dr. (Major)  R.H. Roy; extracts from OHS Annual Reports: and relevant  excerpts from issues of the Daily Courier, a profile of Brigadier  Angle can now be put to paper.  Henry Herbert (Harry) Angle was born in London, England,  on March 31, 1906, the youngest of George Joseph and Eliza (nee  Hurle) Angle's eleven children.  James H. Hayes is a Past Director of the Kelowna Branch, Okanagan  Historical Society; World War II Veteran; and Post-War Officer in The British  Columbia Dragoons, retiring as DCO.  Captain H.H. Angle, BCD, September 1939.  (Taken from Sinews Of Steel, official history of the  Okanagan's Own Regiment, The British Columbia  Dragoons by Dr. (Major) R.H. Roy)  120 ohs A MAN OF MANY PARTS, BRIGADIER H.H. ANGLE  Educated in England, Harry Angle emigrated to Canada and  Okanagan Mission in January 1922, on the advice of his brother,  Syd (Aidan), who was in the service of the Priesthood, performing  missionary service to the native Indians.  From 1922 to 1927, Harry Angle and his brother Syd operated  the Bear Creek Ranch, establishing an irrigation system by building a dam on Bear Creek. At that point in time Harry Angle's  favourite recreation activities were hunting and fishing.  In Vancouver, in 1928, he married Margaret (Peggy), daughter  of William and Winifred Mitchell of Kelowna. (Peggy Mitchell was  born March 28, 1906, at Komaquim Ranche, Okanagan Mission,  where Bertram Creek Park is now located.) Four children were  born of that union - daughters Jane (Steel), Jillian (Lennie),  Jessica (Madsen), and son John Angle.  The Angles established a farm in Okanagan Mission,  between Lakeshore Road and Okanagan Lake, Keith Road and  Knowles Road. While apples were the principal crop, cherries,  plums and pears were also grown. Raising cattle, hogs and chickens completed the farm's capacity. Harry had memberships in St.  George's Masonic Lodge No. 41 (AF & AM), Kelowna; Vernon and  District Drag Hound Club; and Okanagan Mission Riding Club.  It would seem Harry Angle's pursuits in life took a dramatic  change from farming to the military. In 1932 he enlisted in The  British Columbia Dragoons (BCD), an element of the Non-  Permanent Active Militia (NPAM). The next year, he attended the  Royal School of Cavalry, at Calgary, and was appointed 2nd  Lieutenant, serving with the BCDs.  In 1935, Lieutenant Angle attended the Royal Canadian  Small Arms School, at Camp Sarcee, Calgary. He was now  Machine Gun Officer with the BCDs and "doing a good job." In  1938, he again attended the Royal School of Cavalry, and was promoted Captain.  With the threat of war on the horizon, on August 26, 1939,  Captain Angle, with a contingent of thirty BCD personnel, was  called out for guard duty on a bridge over the Fraser River, in the  Prince George area, which conveyed CNR trains and vehicular  traffic.  On December 8, 1939, this responsibility was turned over to  the RCMP, with Captain Angle and his detachment given the  option of enlisting in the newly-created Canadian Active Service  Force (CASF), or returning to civilian life and service with the  BCDs. Captain Angle chose the former, and in January 1940 proceeded overseas, joining the Seaforth Highlanders of Canada as a  Lieutenant.  ohs 121 A MAN OF MANY PARTS, BRIGADIER H.H. ANGLE  In June 1940, he was again promoted Captain, serving at  Canadian Military Headquarters (CMHQ), London, until the end  of December 1940. In 1941, he returned to Canada, attended the  Canadian Junior Officers Staff Course, and was appointed GSO  (General Staff Officer) III with the 5th Canadian Armoured  Division Headquarters.  In the interim, The British Columbia Dragoons had mobilized for active service, as 5th Canadian Motorcycle Regiment  (BCD), CASE Effective February 21, 1941, the Regiment was renamed 9th Canadian Armoured Regiment (BCD), CA(A)  (Canadian Army Active), hereafter referred to as The British  Columbia Dragoons or BCDs.  On or about September 14, 1941, Captain Angle was posted  back to the BCDs, promoted Major, and pending the arrival of a  new Commanding Officer to replace Lieutenant-Colonel G.C.  Oswell, became senior officer, and 2 I/C (Second in Command),  which is now designated DCO (Deputy Commanding Officer).  In 1942, Major Angle left the BCDs, again proceeded overseas to become Brigade Major,  2nd Canadian Armoured  Brigade.  On April 29, 1943, Major  Angle was given command of  the BCDs in the rank of  Lieutenant-Colonel, succeeding Lieutenant-Colonel W.C.  Murphy, who left to command the 1st Canadian  Armoured Brigade.  Colonel Angle left The  British Columbia Dragoons  on February 26, 1944, to serve  as GSO I at 5th Canadian  Armoured Division Headquarters.  On April 15, 1944, the  BCDs left England, for service  in the Italian campaign.  September 1, 1944, saw  Lieutenant-Colonel Angle again assume command of the BCDs,  replacing Lieutenant-Colonel F.A. Vokes, tragically killed in  action.  What of Colonel Angle's personality? Upon returning to  command, the morale and esprit-de-corps within the Regiment  Lieutenant-Colonel H.H. Angle, Commanding  Officer of The British Columbia Dragoons, 1943.  (Courtesy John Angle)  122 ohs A MAN OF MANY PARTS, BRIGADIER H.H. ANGLE  greatly improved; his tremendous leadership ability and character  were immediately felt.  For the part played by the BCDs in the January 2-6, 1945,  "Comacchio" engagement, Lieutenant-Colonel Harry H. Angle  was decorated with the DSO (Distinguished Service Order). The  citation stressed the small number of BCD casualties sustained,  compared with heavy losses inflicted upon the enemy. (It should  be noted, the twenty Battle Honours approved by HM Queen  Elizabeth II, and emblazoned on the Guidon (a swallow-pointed  standard), presented to The British Columbia Dragoons by HRH  Princess Alexandra of Kent, on May 10, 1967, include  "Conventello - Comacchio.")  Colonel Angle also received a MID (Mentioned in  Dispatches); earlier in his career he was awarded the ED  (Efficiency Decoration) for exemplary service with the BCDs  between World Wars.  On February 20, 1945, The British Columbia Dragoons, still  commanded by Colonel Angle, left Italy, and arrived at Marseilles  Harbour enroute to active service in the North-West Europe campaign.  Following VE-Day May 8, 1945, BCDs were quartered in the  town of Veendam, The Netherlands. A Sister City relationship  between Veendam and Kelowna subsequently came to fruition,  which still flourishes today. In September 1945, Lieutenant-  Colonel Angle planted a maple tree in Veendam, replacing one  dedicated in May 1945 at the cessation of hostilities, which had  regrettably died.  At this juncture, one must turn back the pages of BCD history to October 1930, when at a meeting of serving officers, the  question of an alliance with a British Army Cavalry Regiment was  discussed. (It must be remembered, at that time The British  Columbia Dragoons was a Cavalry Unit.) The 5th Royal  Inniskilling Dragoon Guards (5RIDG), whose colourful military  history dates back to 1685, was mooted for an alliance. In the  intervening years no positive action was taken, until October  1945, when a delegation of BCDs led by Colonel Angle met with  Lieutenant-Colonel H.B. Sangster and 5RIDG representatives. The  basis for an affiliation was finalized, to be later approved by HM  King George VI.  With the war over, The British Columbia Dragoons, commanded by their own Lieutenant-Colonel Harry H. Angle, DSO,  ED, left for home.  On January 19, 1946, Lieutenant-Colonel Angle paraded the  BCDs through the streets of Kelowna, as an element of the CA(A)  ohs 123 A MAN OF MANY PARTS, BRIGADIER H.H. ANGLE  for the last time. The regiment reverted to Reserve Force status,  with Colonel Angle continuing to command from March 15, 1946,  to August 31, 1947. He assumed the task of merging into the  Regimental Association (The British Columbia Dragoons  Whizzbang Association), BCD Veterans who served overseas in  WW II. Originally, the Association comprised only WW I veterans  who fought with the 2nd Canadian Mounted Rifles (2CMR), forerunner of the BCDs.  Even before Colonel Angle and the BCDs returned from  overseas service, on January 7, 1946, the Municipal Council of the  City of Kelowna, on behalf of all citizens, conferred upon him the  "Freedom of the City of Kelowna." (This is the highest award that  can be bestowed upon an individual/organization, and must  receive unanimous approval of city council. In total, only fourteen persons have received this signal honour, Brigadier Angle  being the first. On February 11, 1963, this distinction was also  bestowed upon The British Columbia Dragoons.)  On March 28, 1947, Colonel Angle was appointed Police  Court and Stipendary Magistrate for Kelowna and District, replacing retiring lawyer T.F. McWilliams. While on the bench,  Magistrate Angle was always fair. He could be tough when necessary, but if warranted, leniency was exercised.  Although used to witnessing death while serving with the  Canadian Forces, nevertheless, a somber event took place while  he was on the bench, which to say the least, must have been traumatic. Lawyer H.V. Craig appeared late in court, involving a case  dealing with an infraction of the Wartime Rent Control Act. Upon  begging the court's indulgence for his unpardonable tardiness,  Craig suddenly dropped dead on the courtroom floor.  Magistrate Angle was keenly interested in the local juvenile  delinquency problem, to which he gave considerable study. Had  he not been recalled for active military duty, he planned to solicit the co-operation of local businessmen in dealing with juveniles  whom he felt had "simply got off on the wrong track".  In January 1949, Magistrate Angle was summoned back for  active military duty, to serve on the United Nations Commission  as a Military Observer in connection with a cease-fire in the state  of Jammu, Kashmir.  Following a visit to Pakistan, he returned to Kelowna for a  brief period. Having previously received a six-month leave of  absence as Stipendary Magistrate, he resigned from that position,  on being appointed Military Adviser to General A.G.L.  McNaughton.  124 ohs A MAN OF MANY PARTS, BRIGADIER H.H. ANGLE  On January 10, 1950, he  was appointed Chief Military  Adviser to the United Nations  in the rank of Brigadier.  On July 17, 1950, while  on an Indian National  Airways flight from New  Delhi, India, to Srinager,  Kashmir, his plane crashed,  bursting into flames on  impact, killing all eighteen  passengers and four crew.  Some twelve hours later, the  wreckage was found by villagers from the neighbouring  community of Pathankot.  Word of Brigadier Angle's  tragic death came as a terrible  shock to Kelowna residents.  Brigadier H.H. Angle, Chief Military Advisor to  the United Nations, 1950.  (Courtesy John Angle)  The following excerpts from the minutes of a meeting of the  Municipal Council of the City of Kelowna, held July 17, 1950, bear  implicit testimony:  "Moved by Alderman Ladd:  Seconded by Alderman Keller:  That a letter of sympathy be sent Mrs. H.H. Angle  and family of O.K. Mission at the direction of His  Worship and Aldermen of the City of Kelowna on the  sad occasion other great loss and ours in her husband's  tragic death in the services of The United Nations'  efforts for peace."  "In compliance with His Worship the Mayor's  request all persons in Council Chamber stood for a  minute in silence, in honour of the memory of  Brigadier Angle."  A comment made by His Worship Mayor W.B.  Hughes-Games, said it all: "Of all the people I've  known, I don't think I've met a person who did his  work with such efficiency both in the Army and  Civilian Life."  Ottawa learned with shock, of the death of Brigadier  Angle. "He was in every respect a fine soldier and a  fine man," a spokesman commented.  On July 20, 1950, a memorial service was held at St.  ohs 125 A MAN OF MANY PARTS, BRIGADIER H.H. ANGLE  Michael and All Angels' Church, with BCD Padre  Captain F.D. Wyatt officiating, assisted by Parish Vicar  Reverend R. Brown. Attendance at the memorial service included the Municipal Council of the City of  Kelowna; The British Columbia Dragoons; members of  the BCD Whizzbang Association (those BCD Veterans  who saw service overseas with the Regiment in World  Wars I and II); Branch 26, The Royal Canadian Legion;  members of the BC Provincial Police. Government  Agent E. Ross Oatman sounded "Last Post" and  "Reveille." The outpouring of community sympathy  gave mute testimony to the esteem in which Brigadier  Angle was held.  On May 17, 1980, Mrs. Peggy Angle unveiled a portrait of her husband, Brigadier Angle, and a plaque  naming the Kelowna Armoury on Richter Street  "Brigadier Angle Armoury."  The main training building at the Lester B. Pearson  Peace-Keeping Centre, at Cornwallis, Nova Scotia, was  named after Brigadier H.H. Angle, the first Canadian to  be killed while on active service with the UN  Peacekeeping Force.  On May 5, 2002, a mural painted by Vernon resident  Michelle Loughery, which included a likeness of  Brigadier Angle, was mounted on an exterior wall of  the Kelowna and District Memorial Arena.  With the final chapter of this dedicated gentlemen's  life now concluded, it can be truly said, he was the  embodiment of integrity, always living up to the motto  (in Chilcotin dialect), of The British Columbia  Dragoons, the Regiment he so dearly loved, "Quansem  Hep" (Always Ready).  The British Columbia Dragoons Guidon.  (Taken from Sinews Of Steel, official history of the  Okanagan's Own Regiment, The British Columbia  Dragoons by Dr. (Major) R.H. Roy)  126 ohs WILLIAM C. DUGGAN  William Charles Duggan  March 21, 1874 - February 21. 1934  by Bryan Duggan, written in January 2003  printed courtesy of Mrs. Phyllis Duggan  n    March    21,    1874,  I William Charles  Duggan was born into  a family of seven boys and  seven girls, near Llandrindon  Wells, Radnosshire, South  Wales. He was educated in  Llandrindon Wells, became a  "Bobby" in the constabulary,  and married Rose Lawley.  They had five children,  William H., Thomas C. (my  father), Alfred, Hector Ivor  and Hilda Rose.  Due to the ill health of  William's wife, Rose, they  were advised to immigrate to  Canada in 1908. My father,  Thomas, and Alfred were left  with two of their aunts, Ethel  and Fanny, who owned a hotel and were their caretakers. One of  Grandfather William's sisters accompanied the family to Canada.  They passed through Nanton, Alberta, where Rose Duggan  passed away. The family came on to Kelowna, where William  Charles had two brothers, Fred, a baker, and Thomas, a farmer in  Winfield.  William and his family tented at Manhattan Point until he  could construct better accommodation. A nice home was built on  Lakeview Street near Duggan Park (named after him by the City  of Kelowna), which is located between the Bankhead Corner Store  and the Okanagan Neurological Centre. In 1911, when they were  Bryan Duggan is the grandson of William Charles Duggan, and the son of  Thomas Duggan. In 1953 he was married to Phyllis Macdonnell, who  presently (2003) lives in Lumby. Bryan worked for the CPR in Kelowna for  nineteen years. In 1967 they moved to Armstrong, and later to Lumby, operating a dairy farm in both places. Bryan Duggan passed away on February 6,  2003.  Rose and William Charles Duggan.  (Courtesy Phyllis Duggan)  OHS 127 WILLIAM C. DUGGAN  settled, William sent for his sons, Thomas and Alfred, who travelled to Canada with their aunts. Of the two aunts who were looking after them, Ethel returned to Wales, and Fanny stayed in  Kelowna and married a Mr. Price. Around 1916, William Charles  was remarried to Mrs. Kathleen Teague, who had two daughters,  Phyllis and Doris.  William went into the real estate business, becoming a member of the firm of Harvey, Duggan and Davies (located on Smith  Avenue), which in  1917 went into the  fruit packing and  cannery business.  From this enterprise  Okanagan Packers  Ltd., a co-operative,  was formed. The  cannery was disposed of, and the  company became  one of the largest  independent fruit  shippers in the  Okanagan. In 1924  the packinghouse  was located on the  former Conroy property on Bulman Road in Ellison. William  Duggan was manager and J.M. Brydon was field man. This packinghouse burned down in 1930, and was at that time relocated to  Ellis Street North. They also had packinghouses in Naramata and  Westbank. William's brother, Hector, at some point, was manager  of both these locations. At one time there was also a cannery in  Westbank - all part of the cooperative. William went on selling  trips to the United Kingdom to promote sales there.  William served as alderman in Kelowna from 1914 to 1921.  He owned a large holding of property in the Bankhead area,  referred to as "the sand hill" by his family. They used to skate on  a pond where the Lombardy Apartments are now located. This pond  was also used by the local packinghouses for their ice supplies.  William Charles Duggan died on February 21, 1934, at the  age of sixty years. The Duggan house, approximately ninety-two  years old, still stands on Lakeview Street, not far from Duggan Park.  Of their five children, William H. died at Vimy Ridge in  1917, Thomas, Alfred, Hector and Hilda all continued to reside in  the Okanagan Valley for the remainder of their lives.  Harvey, Duggan and Davies Ltd. and employees, c. 1917.  (Courtesy Phyllis Duggan)  128 ohs JEANETTA REEKIE  Jeanetta Reekie  August 24, 1896 - February 18, 2000  by Mary (Fitz-Gerald) Rowles  A pioneer Kelowna resident, Jeanetta Reekie,  died on February 18,  2000, at the age of 103. With  her parents, John and Mary  Reekie, Jeanetta moved to  Kelowna in 1905 from  Margaret, a settlement in rural  Manitoba. They travelled to  Vernon by train and then to  Kelowna by lake steamer, settling in East Kelowna where  they were pioneer apple growers. Jeanetta and her sisters,  Annie and Ida, would ride  their horses the eleven kilometers to Kelowna and stay  with their grandmother during the week while attending  school. Jeanetta attended  schools on the NE and SE corners of Glenn (Lawrence) Avenue  and Richter Street, the buildings now occupied by the Armouries  and the Boys and Girls Club.  In 1924 the Reekie family moved to Park Avenue in  Kelowna, where Jeanetta continued to live for seventy years. She  worked at Reekie Insurance, which was established by her father,  and in the early 1940's took over the business. Jeanetta was one  of the first independent business women in Kelowna.  The Reekies were founding members of the First Baptist  Church in Kelowna and Jeanetta was a deacon in that church and  at times served as treasurer and as organist. She was active in the  Kelowna Golf and Country Club and continued to golf until she  was about ninety years old. Bowling was another recreation,  which she also continued past her ninetieth birthday.  Mary Rowles is the niece of Jeanetta Reekie on her mother's side. She was  born in Kelowna, and her post-secondary education was at U.B.C. She married Sid Rowles in 1958. Mary and Rev. Sid Rowles lived in Bralorne, Merritt,  Trail, and then moved back to Kelowna in 1973. Mary was a teacher at  Central Elementary School and K.S.S., and retired in 1997. The Rowles currently reside on Cross Road in Glenmore.  Jeanetta Reekie with Shannon Fitz-Gerald  (great grandniece), c. 1976.  (Courtesy Mary (Fitz-Gerald) Rowles)  ohs 129 JEANETTA REEKIE  Jeanetta's flower garden was well known by her neighbors and  family. A Christmas rose would be blooming at Christmas, winter  aconites by late February, and then a continual succession of blossoms until freeze-up. During the summer, of particular note were  her many varieties of bearded iris and lilies.  In 1994, when Jeanetta had to move into a care home, the  shed at the back of the Park Avenue house still had a manger to  feed the horse and a trap door to let the hens in and out. In the  storeroom upstairs there was still a good deal of butter-making  equipment. Her key was hidden under a block of wood on the  back porch, and she was still, at ninety years, quite able to bend  over and retrieve the key.  Jeanetta was pre-deceased by her sisters Ida Duggan in  1972 and Anne Fitz-Gerald in 1975.  130 ohs LIFE AS IT WAS  Osoyoos' Silver Sage  Drive-In  by Andrea Dujardin-Flexhaug  It wasn't exactly the bright lights of Broadway, but Osoyoos  once had its own form of entertainment amongst the sagebrush and cacti in the semi-desert country. It was known as  The Silver Sage Drive-in and on a warm summer evening, it was  a popular place to be in the late 1960's and '70's. Built out of large  shale rocks taken from a nearby hillside and logs from Christian  Valley, it took the summer of 1968 for local families, the Pitchers  and Sevys, to build. The Pitchers ran the Drive-in for two years,  then Joy and Alberta Sevy and their four children ran the place  from 1972 to 1981.  The movie screen was touted as the second largest in  Canada (80 feet wide and 38 feet high); the projector was a top-of-  the-line Gaumont Kaylee, made in England, and purchased second-hand from the old Roxy Theatre in Grand Forks. It was a family-run business, with son Cam learning the fine art of running a  projector along with dad Joy, eldest son Jon doing the "grunt"  work and helping sisters Maryjoy and Doni and mother Alberta  run the snack bar.  "We did really well," comments Alberta, in a fond look back at  those six nights a week of operation. "In mid-summer we would wait  till it would get dark (to run the films) and we wouldn't get home till  about two." It was the customers who made life interesting for the  young Sevy family, and there were regulars such as the loggers  who would come down to Osoyoos for the weekend and head to  the drive-in for three or so of the good "Sage" Burgers and hot dogs  and popcorn with real butter.  There were also groups of bikers from Vancouver who would  stop by for an evening of entertainment. Alberta recalls one night  when the police phoned ahead from a neighbouring town to warn  the Sevys about the visitors heading their way. "When the eight or  nine bikers pulled in, my daughter went ballistic. She wouldn't come  out of the back (of the snack bar)," remembers Alberta. While she  was slinging hamburgers at intermission, Alberta heard someone  use profanity. She called out to the person to watch their  Andrea Dujardin -Flexhaug is the Oliver-Osoyoos Branch Editor of the O.H.S.  ohs 131 OSOYOOS' SILVER SAGE DRIVE-IN  Silver Sage Drive-in, Osoyoos. View of snack bar in front, projector room behind (up top).  (Courtesy the Sevy family)  language, and turned around to see the biggest biker of the bunch.  However, he apologized, and Alberta found them to be a well-  behaved lot.  Local families were also regulars at the theatre, with parents  getting their kids to wear pajamas and watch the cartoons before  the main feature, when the kids would drift off to sleep in the  back seat. There were fifty-eight speakers outside for cars, plus a  sound system inside the snack bar. Occasionally, horror films  started at 10 p.m. and continued until 5 a.m. Kids would sit  around the speakers on old car seats at the front with blankets. Of  course, the Sevys had their share of kids who would sneak in,  despite the three strand barbed- wire fence around the ten acres.  Silver Sage Drive-in, Osoyoos.  (Courtesy the Sevy family)  132 ohs OSOYOOS' SILVER SAGE DRIVE-IN  "Joy would give trespassers a talk, but it didn't happen again,"  chuckles Alberta. "If Joy spotted a sneaker-in, the kid would give up  quickly because Joy was a fast runner." (Not to mention the nasty  cacti to run through.) But on the whole, she recalls the patrons  were nice, very courteous." She remembers patrons would generally clean up after the show, leaving their piles of bottles neatly at  the bottom of the speaker posts.  Alberta notes she was always choosy about which movies  they selected to show and found it an interesting phenomenon  that people on holiday would watch some of the older movies that  they wouldn't necessarily go to at home. "I enjoyed the people, but  I finally reached the point where it was hard to get a good decent  show," Alberta says about the latter years of running the drive-in.  "And when the videos came in, it wasn't viable (to continue)...but it  was good while it was going."  On the whole, in addition to dad's day job at Frontier Realty,  it provided a living for the Sevy family. The Lesmeister family  continued to run it until the Silver Sage Drive-in was closed forever- after the 1984 season. After the drive-in was dismantled, a  retirement community, Casitas del Sol was built on the site, where  the former projector room was turned into an apartment; the  snack bar turned into a clubhouse, and when the screen went  down, they used it as a wall for the new retirement centre. So, in  a sense, the drive-in lives on!  Silver Sage Drive-In, Osoyoos. Inside the snack bar.  (Courtesy the Sevy family)  ohs 133 desperadoes and heroes  Desperadoes and Heroes  by R.F. (Bob) Marriage  The writer acknowledges the help of Eric Hallam, President  of the B.C. Provincial Police Veterans' Association in supplying material essential to this article. Cecil "Nobby" Clark,  Deputy Commissioner of the Provincial Force at the time of its  absorption by the R.C.M.P in 1950, wrote extensively about the  history of the force in various publications and supplied an article  titled "Biographies and Reminiscences - Bill Miner", in the 1980  Forty-fourth Report of the Okanagan Historical Society.  The Railway Mail Service, under rules and regulations which  included those concerning security against robbery, certainly  operated with good fortune in Western Canada, sustaining only  three holdups, the last in 1909. The express messenger and his  strongbox were the more likely object of thieves, but the mail  clerks were not necessarily immune, even when they were  accommodated in separate cars, as became standard practice in  the 1890's. The catch-arms1 were the distinguishing feature of the  mail cars, but it would seem that, as late as 1906, even "professionals" like Bill Miner were not sure of that, (see OHS Forty-  fourth Report, page 53, line 16)  In the early 1950's, a clerk nearing retirement regaled us  with an account of an incident he had been involved in himself -  the last holdup of a train in Western Canada, which occurred  about three years after the Bill Miner episode near Monte Creek.  Thurman G. McNames (1890 - 1975) joined the mail service just  before his eighteenth birthday. In June of 1909 he was running as  an assistant on the Cal & Van (Calgary and Vancouver) Railway  Post Office with a man who kept the curtains of the car closed day  and night. Other crews attributed this rather eccentric habit to  nervousness, although the senior man himself had not been  involved in the Miner episode of 1906. According to Thurman  "Mac" McNames, the affair was still the subject of lively conversation from time to time.  R.F. (Bob) Marriage was born in Vancouver, and moved to Kelowna with his  parents at the age of six. After a time in the Army, Bob was employed by the  Postal Service from 1947 until 1980. He worked in the Railway Mail Service  from 1949 to 1965 on various runs in the Vancouver Postal District, i.e., west  of Jasper, Calgary and Nelson. Bob is a Life Member of both the Okanagan  Historical Society and the Kelowna Branch, and currently resides in the  house where he grew up on Park Avenue.  134 ohs desperadoes and heroes  Close to the location of the Bill Miner robbery near Ducks  (later Monte Creek), the westbound train made an emergency  stop. The clerks heard a commotion outside, a shot fired and a  profane demand to "Open the door!" Reluctantly, they complied  with this request. Standing on the right-of-way, with their hands  up, were the engineer and fireman. At least three bandits, along  with two spare saddled horses, were in sight. However, the  express car, which was what the men really wanted, was running  in the second section, which at the last open train order office had  been about twenty minutes behind the first section of the train.  The gang was aware that mail clerks did not carry arms in this  country, and made no attempt to enter the mail car. Suddenly, the  whistle of the second section (which included the express car)  was heard, and for some unknown reason, the plans of the outlaws seemed to fall apart! They mounted the spare horses and  rode away in some confusion, leaving the engine crew unmolested. Mac said he never did know if the train crew had been  restrained in any way.  ■r                ■ mmj*-■                       r 11          ' mm*.  "if!                             ,  p  r^  :ii  1   i        »    ^A.".  Hl—1,      6  *."*"*■-"     J'  A Canadian Pacific Express showing the engine and coal tender, c. early 1900's.  (Courtesy Kelowna Museum)  The Haney brothers, an outlaw gang known to be in the  area, were immediate suspects, and a widespread search got  under way. Wild stories and rumours proliferated, some of them  quite plausible. Two suspicious-looking strangers had bought tickets at Notch Hill and boarded the first section of the train. The  express car in the second section was carrying silver bullion en  route to the San Francisco mint.  Isaac Decker, a retired Provincial Policeman with a distinguished record had been ranching near Spences Bridge for some  years. A request to act as a special constable was wired to him by  ohs 135 desperadoes and heroes  District Chief Joe Burr at Ashcroft. Decker accepted immediately,  and that decision was to cost him his life. Burr anticipated that the  fugitives would drift down the Thompson River by boat. Sure  enough, on the following day, June 28, 1909, as he patrolled the  riverbank near Ashcroft, Decker saw two men in a skiff. He hailed  them, identified himself as Provincial Police, and ordered them to  come ashore. The pair obviously realized they were "sitting  ducks" on the river, and were already in the sights of the  Constable's Winchester. If it came to a gunfight, they would do a  lot better on solid ground, and so the skiff was beached and they  approached the policeman on foot. Decker must have noticed one  man had a coat over his arm, probably hiding a revolver. Two  shots were fired simultaneously. Decker died instantly of a bullet  to his heart, and the outlaw died when he was hit in the face by a  round from the Winchester.  Dave Haney was dead, and brother Bill disappeared in the  riverside bush and was never seen again. A native Indian woman,  walking nearby, witnessed this entire brief double tragedy and  raised an immediate alarm. Police, Indian trackers and bloodhounds scoured the district for weeks without result.  The B.C. government offered a reward of $4,000, but Bill  Haney was never captured. Ten years later, the police were still  dealing with correspondence from sheriffs and jail wardens in the  United States, reporting that they had someone of the description  in custody, but all leads proved false. The parents of the Haney  brothers were traced to Long Beach, California, but they would  not likely have been very talkative about the escapades of their  sons!  Isaac Decker, the retired Provincial Policeman who was acting as a special constable, was survived by a twelve-year-old son.  The sum of $2,500 was set aside by the CPR to help with the boy's  education, and to apprentice him in the Drake Street shops as a  machinist. It is not clear if that plan ever proceeded. In any event,  the son enlisted in the Armed Forces in September 1915, and  served in the Pioneer Battalion. He was in France by March 1916,  and was killed in action on June 13 of that year. No known grave  exists, but his name appears on the Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial  Register in France. He was just nineteen years old.  This Haney case "surfaced" at least once again. In the 1930's  an unconfirmed press report told of the death of a convict in the  infirmary of the state penitentiary at Deer Lodge, Montana. The  man's purported deathbed confession included a denial of his  assumed name, and a statement that he was, indeed, the William  Haney wanted by the law in British Columbia.  136 ohs desperadoes and heroes  yy           m               • —- "^-jiriBiJifir  fv^Aifteufi  Kamloops  Due**         >^  (Men!«Cr««k]X  Solwon    I  ^sJVenlt* ^f*»W|JL ...m  JjSp««cM 3->«}t  W.tHtold  \^"C               Nieolo  Qtiiieftwo*--  c  /        Chopptrte Lou  —^Doug/oa L at*  @  la*  X*  jAlMn Grove  1  [ Tc *ri«et*«n  D'ow fey  Map of area of attempted hold-up. (From book Bill Miner . . . Stagecoach & Train Robber.)  (Courtesy of Heritage House Publishing)  Notes and References:  N.B. This article refers only to incidents involving mail cars. For example, a  passenger train held up at Sentinel, Alberta about five miles east of  Crowsnest, B.C. in 1920 was probably raided in connection with the illicit  liquor trade flourishing in the era of prohibition.  1   A metal "arm", with a crook at the end, which was attached to the side of  the mail car by brackets, and was used to hook the mailbags that were  hanging, ready for pick-up, on cranes at the side of the tracks.  ohs 137 westside tragedy  Westside Tragedy  A Partnership Gone Wrong  by Robert M. (Bob) Hayes  T  jr | ^he information included in the records of the Anglican  Church at Vernon is brief: Hugh Armstrong, aged forty  years, died March 28, 1886, and was interred on March 31,  1886. One additional comment is provided: "Shot by his business  partner." These short statements fed the curiosity of the writer.  What is here presented is an account of a Westside tragedy of the  mid-1800's.  Hugh Armstrong was born about 1845. The 1877-78 Guide to  British Columbia lists him as living at Penticton; no doubt, this is  one of the earliest references to this pioneer. According to A Bit of  Okanagan History (by Dorothy Hewlett Gellatly), Armstrong, a  "burly Irishman, with his wooden-soled shoes that never seemed  to wear out," worked for about ten years for Penticton cattle baron  Thomas Ellis. About 1881 or 1882, Armstrong formed a partnership with Central Okanagan pioneer John Phillips. Disaster resulted  from this act.  Who was John Phillips (some records spell the name as  "Philips")? Prior to settling in the Okanagan, Phillips apparently  was involved in placer mining in Sitka, Alaska, and about 1868, on  the Similkameen River above Oroville, Washington. Following  this, Phillips worked as a packer, carrying mail through the  Canadian mountains.  The earliest local record that could be located concerning  this man is in the parish registers of the Immaculate Conception  Church (The Pandosy Mission). On May 24, 1874, John Phillips  (son of John Phillips and Marguerite Wood) married Helene (also  known as Ellen) Shenernteque (not certain of the spelling; some  sources list her surname as being "Alexander"), a native woman.  This marriage was performed by Father J.M. Beaudry. Further  details were given about Helene's family and background in the  marriage entry. Other records indicate that Phillips was a native  of Missouri.  Robert M. (Bob) Hayes was born in Kelowna and currently is Past-President  of the Kelowna Branch, Okanagan Historical Society, as well as chairing the  Branch's Newspaper Column Committee. All of his life has been spent in  Kelowna. A teacher in Westbank, he resides in the Glenmore area.  138 ohs westside tragedy  A son, John Joseph Phillips, was born on November 16,  1874. There was, of course, no doctor available at that time. The  birth was assisted by Catherine Ortoland (wife of pioneer resident  Francois Ortoland). This birth was registered on December 28,  1874, Father Pandosy being the informant. At least two more children were born to the Phillips family: Charles (baptised October  15, 1875) and Martha (born September 1880). It is believed that  son John Joseph may have died young, for the 1881 census  records list the family as follows: John Y. Phillips (aged forty-one  years, born in the U.S.), Ellen Phillips (aged thirty years, born in  B.C.), Charles Phillips (aged five years, born in British Columbia),  and Martha Phillips (aged four and a half years, born the previous  September, in British Columbia). At that time, in 1881, the Phillips  family was living near the Mission, and their neighbours included  the Lequime and Ortoland families, as well as the Oblate priests  (including Father Richard, who came into the Valley with Father  Pandosy). The names of the Phillips children are apparently listed  in the records of the Okanagan School (located near present-day  Orchard Park Shopping Centre), which was established in 1874.  Soon after the 1881  census returns were  recorded, the Phillips  family relocated to the  west side of Okanagan  Lake. They had previously (probably early  1880) purchased the  ranch of the Allison family. Hugh Armstrong,  meanwhile, had disposed of his property  south of Skaha Lake, and  used the money to purchase a share of the  Allison Ranch. Phillips  and Armstrong thus  became partners, and  they both lived on the  Allison property for several years. Armstrong lived in the Allison home ("Sunnyside" - still  to be seen on the Westside), while Phillips, his wife, children and  mother-in-law lived in a cabin on the Allison property.  The Allisons moved to their ranch near Princeton, but continued to have contact with the new owners of their former ranch.  Late in 1880, they sent some of their cattle, from Princeton, to the  Remains of Allison home "Sunnyside, c. early 1930's,  where the John Phillips family lived in the 1880's.  (Courtesy OHS Report #37)  OHS 139 WESTSIDE tragedy  Phillips/Armstrong property, to be "wintered". The cattle did well  in the Okanagan, and the following Spring (1881) Phillips brought  the cattle back to Princeton. The beasts had thrived and increased  in numbers during their Okanagan stay, no doubt attesting to the  ranching skills of both Phillips and Armstrong.  Yet, from all accounts, this partnership was not a happy one.  After several years, it was decided that Armstrong would sell his  share of the livestock to Phillips, dissolve the partnership, then  move south to Summerland. Arguments about the fair division of  the cattle resulted, and well-respected residents David and  William Lloyd-Jones were called in to mediate. Despite their  efforts, the disagreement between Armstrong and Phillips intensified. No one would have likely predicted the events which followed.  About 6:00 a.m., on March 18, 1886, Armstrong showed up  at the Phillips' house, armed with a club/stick, apparently in a  rage, determined to "put an end to it all." It should here be recorded  that Phillips was ill, and was confined to bed. Quickly realizing  that his life was in grave danger, Phillips reached for his rifle  (which was conveniently hanging on the cabin wall, close to his  bed), aimed and fired.  David Lloyd-Jones, in the Sixth Report of the Okanagan  Historical Society (1935), provides an eyewitness account of the  events of that fateful day:  ...I ran over to the [Phillips'] cabin and found  Armstrong lying on his back on the floor and Phillips  sitting on the edge of the bed with the rifle in his hand,  and looking very white and startled. Armstrong's head  was over the threshold outside, and I folded a blanket  and placed it under his head.  Lloyd-Jones reported the shooting to the authorities. His  statements about this event are very interesting:  At the inquest it was shown that the bullet in its  course had clipped off the tip of the thumb of  Armstrong's left hand, going through the fleshy part of  the woman's [Helene Phillips] arm, and had gone  through Armstrong's body, piercing the heart, and was  found inside his shirt. Had Armstrong approached  Phillips in a threatening manner with a stick in his  hand, and had the woman thrown her arms around  him [Armstrong] to restrain him, it would then be possible for the bullet to inflict the three wounds. My  brother and I at once notified the neighbors and later  an inquest was held by Walter Dewdney and Dr. E.J.  140 ohs WESTSIDE tragedy  Offerhaus performed the post-mortem examination.  The body of Hugh Armstrong was taken to present-day  Vernon, where it was buried in the old cemetery, the second body  to be interred there (the son of C.W. Hozier being the first). It is  believed that Armstrong had no family surviving him locally.  This tragedy did not escape the notice of the early press.  The April 7, 1886, edition of The Victoria Colonist provided its  readers with the following short account:  Kamloops, April 6th - Government Agent Dewdney,  of Priests' Valley, brought in today by stage a prisoner  named John Phillips, who shot and killed Hugh  Armstrong, near Okanagan Mission. It appears Phillips  and Armstrong had a dispute over a bridle. Armstrong  afterwards went into Phillips' house with a club to deal  Phillips a blow. Phillips was lying in bed with rheumatism,  and seeing Armstrong coming with a club he got his gun.  When Armstrong entered he, Phillips, shot him through the  heart, killing him almost instantly.  One week later, that same newspaper ran a longer article,  under  the  heading  "Particulars  of the   Recent  Shooting  at  Okanagan."  For some years Hugh Armstrong and John  Phillips occupied a ranch on the west side of Okanagan  Lake; the first named unmarried, and the latter has a  native woman with a family. Recently a disagreement  arose and Phillips, it appears, was about to go elsewhere - near the foot of the lake. The following is the  account of the shooting, etc., as learned at the investigation and furnished by a reliable party:  On 28th March, (Sunday morning), about 6 o'clock,  Mrs. Phillips went to Hugh Armstrong's stable and took a  halter from off one of the horses; John Phillips claims it  was given to him by a man named Wm. Jenkins. When  Armstrong learned that the halter was missing he went  over to Phillips' cabin saying that he would kill the s. ofb.  On entering the cabin high words took place and a scuffle,  Phillips' woman claiming the halter. Her mother seeing  that Armstrong was very angry followed him away from  Phillips, who was an invalid, and saying he should not  treat his old friend like that. Phillips at the time was emptying his rifle to give to his woman to pack on the horse, as  they were ready and packed up for the journey to  Penticton, where they intended to settle down. Phillips was  going in Mr. Short's [sic] boat on account of not being able  ohs 141 WESTSIDE TRAGEDY  to ride or walk. Both parties had hold of the rifle, when it  went off, the bullet passed through the old woman's arm  and through Armstrong's body, entering the left side about  the fifth rib and going through the heart, lodging in the  deceased's shirt on the right side. A coroner's inquest was  held and evidence taken. Whether the shooting was done  with intent or by accident the jury could not decide. Mr.  Phillips was brought down [to Kamloops] by Monday's  stage and is now in jail awaiting trial.  Phillips was arrested on the charge of murder, taken to  Kamloops, and there tried at the Spring Assizes. The Kamloops  newspaper (The Inland Sentinel) of June 10, 1886, provides a  short account of this trial:  The Queen vs. John Phillips, indicted for the shooting  of Armstrong, causing death. The following petty jury  sworn, Jno. McLeod (Foreman), Chas. Bacon, Jno.  Peterson, Alex Proulx, Jno. Pringle, A. McKinnon, Jno.  Tait, R.J. McKinnon, Joseph Tbdd, L.C. McGregor, Jordan  Shaver and N. McPhee.  Mr. Ebers for Crown, Messrs. Bole and McColl for  Prisoner.  After the case for the prosecution closed it was  moved on behalf of the prisoner that the case be discharged. His Lordship [Hon. Mr. Justice Walkem] concurred that the evidence was insufficient, and the jury  without leaving their seats returned 'not guilty'. A demonstration was made in Court and the Sheriff called order.  His Lordship made some remarks that the audience should  wait until out of doors before displaying their feeling.  Few official records of this tragedy seem to have survived.  Research at the British Columbia Archives failed to locate the  records of the post mortem. There is no apparent reference to this  trial in the Bench Book of Mr. Justice George Anthony Walkem  (1834 - 1908). He was the Premier of British Columbia from 1874  - 1876, and again from 1877 - 1882). The entry for May 25, 1886,  was followed directly by the Kamloops Fall Assizes (August 30,  1886).  The physician who performed the post mortem (Dr. Edo  Johanes Offerhaus) was one of the first resident Physicians in the  Okanagan Valley. The B.C. Medical Register shows him registered  on July 28, 1886 (and not as early as 1883, as is claimed in some  articles). Early registers list Dr. Offerhaus and his wife (Barbara  Fortune Choquette - she was a niece of North Okanagan pioneer  resident Alexander Leslie Fortune, the Overlander) as living in  142 ohs WESTSIDE TRAGEDY  Spallumcheen, and later at Armstrong.  What happened to the Phillips family, those pioneers who  lived in our area from at least 1874 to 1886? Soon after his acquittal, John Phillips and family moved south, and settled at  Bonaparte Creek, near Tonasket, Washington. John Y. Phillips  died in Okanogan County, Washington on November 19, 1925. He  was in his mid-eighties at the time of his death. His wife  Helene/Ellen predeceased him, and he was survived by his son  Charles Phillips, daughter Martha (1880 -1957). She married Jack  Patterson and they lived at/near Omak, Washington), and granddaughter Edna M. Patterson.  Charles Phillips (son of John and Ellen) seems to have had  a troubled life. The July 4, 1908, celebrations in Republic,  Washington saw "Charley" arrested for over-zealously celebrating  that special day. Charley was arrested, and he swore to get  revenge on Rol Seibert, who had been deputized to help arrest  him. As chance would have it, Phillips later met up with him,  where he made good his threat, fatally shooting Seibert.  Charley Phillips escaped from the murder scene, and  remained "on the lam". Law officers in British Columbia and  Washington were unable to capture him for two years. Eventually,  however, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police caught up with  Phillips on Vancouver Island. He was returned to Okanogan  County, where he was tried and convicted. Charley Phillips was  sent to the Washington State Penitentiary in Walla Walla to serve  his sentence.  Upon his parole, Charley Phillips returned to Bonaparte  Creek, where he lived on his allotment. He later moved to  Roseburg, Oregon, where he met a violet death, shot by an  assailant.  One further note of interest. According to the late Dorothy  Hewlett Gellatly, Hugh Armstrong is said to have buried some of  his money on the property, which he purchased with John  Phillips. It is not know if this money was ever recovered.  ohs 143 DORIS COMMET  Doris Winter Commet -  Our Mother's Story  by her daughters Gladys Mason,  Irene Reiger and Shirley Cox  i  n our history, there have  been accounts recorded of  .the challenging lives of  early pioneer women in the  Okanagan, Shuswap and  Similkameen. However, there  have been few chronicles  written of the struggle of  women in the Depression  Years of the 1930's, especially  those who were called upon  to make a living and raise a  family on their own. Such a  story is that of our mother.  Doris Mable Winter,  born at Horsham, England,  June 25th 1908, arrived in  Armstrong, B.C. in January of  1910. She travelled by boat  and train with her parents,  Evelyn Mable (Bellows) and Ernest William Winter and her baby  brother, Ernest Robert. The family came out as settlers and bought  Gladys Mason lives in Vernon, where, now retired, after working as an  Employment Counselor with the Vernon Office of the Canada Employment  Centre (now HRDC), she has been an active volunteer. Since retirement in  1986, she plays golf and duplicate bridge as well as assisting her husband  Tbm with the Recce Association's reunions and newsletters.  After attending Kelowna and Rutland Schools, Irene Reiger was married in Kelowna to Pete Reiger in 1948 and has remained in Kelowna. She  and her late husband travelled extensively as members of the Kelowna  (OKnoggins) Travel Trailer Club. Currently, Irene is Vice-President of her  apartment strata council.  Shirley Cox enrolled in nurse training in Vancouver following graduation from Rutland High. Her first husband was killed in an industrial accident, and in 1981, she married Harold Cox and they moved to Summerland.  In 1994, Shirley moved to Penticton where she operated a Home Care  Facility, retiring in 1998.  Seated: Doris Commet. Back (L to R): Gladys  Mason, Irene Reiger, Shirley Cox.  144 ohs DORIS COMMET  property in Armstrong. The lower portion of their twenty-five  acres was rented out to a Chinese family, who planted a market  garden, producing mostly celery and carrots. This arrangement  lasted over fifty years. Two more daughters were born in  Armstrong: Evelyn (Eva) August 17, 1911 and Elsie, 1914, who  died in 1916.  Doris' father, Ernest, was a Chief Marine Engineer, who  joined the navy when WWW I broke out in 1914. Two of his brothers George and Harry, joined the army at the Vernon Army Camp.  George was killed in France. Harry returned to Armstrong, where  his wife May (Tboley) and three children lived.  About 1919, the family moved to Vancouver to enable our  grandfather to work on the B.C. Coastal Boats. The Armstrong  property stayed in the Winter family until the last brother, Frank  Winter passed away in 1973. Gladys then bought the property  from the estate and it has since been sold.  Mother finished her schooling in Vancouver and took a two  year hairdressing course. In 1928, she married Richard S. Everett.  Their first child, a red-haired girl, Gladys Mable, was born on  September 12, 1929. Soon after, our father went to Kelowna to  look for work and found a job as a mechanic with Chapman's  Transport. Mother followed with Gladys in May 1930, first staying  in the Mayfair Apartments until renting a house on Richter Street.  A second daughter, Irene Dorothy, was born on October 16,  1930. Mother opened a beauty parlour in the house on Richter  Street, and called it The Bob Inn Beauty Parlour. Meanwhile, from  the spring of 1931, for the next eighteen months, our dad leased a  small auto service garage near the Richter Street house.  In 1933, the family moved to a house on Lawrence Avenue.  The front room of this home became a beauty parlour, where  many Kelowna ladies had their hair done. In 1933-34, for about  eight months, mother's brother Ernie and his wife, Sally moved in  with our Everett family. Uncle Ernie used the yard for his plumbing business until he bought Galbraith Plumbing.  The third Everett daughter, Shirley Alice, was born on July  27, 1934. The following year, 1935, Richard left his wife and  daughters. Mother continued the operation of the beauty parlour  to support herself and her girls.  Mother married Mike R. Commet in 1940. He was in the  BCD's and went overseas during WW II . When he returned from  Europe in 1946, mother closed the beauty parlour to move to a  small holding at Reid's Corner, which Mike had purchased  through VLA. Well into her eighties, mother continued doing hair-  dressing in peoples' homes as well as in the David Lloyd-Jones  ohs 145 DORIS COMMET  Home. She was well-known for her ability to marcel, using the  old-fashioned stove and irons. These have been given to the  Kelowna Museum along with an old-style hair dryer.  In the 1970's, Mike started working on construction jobs out  of town. This led in 1973 to a permanent separation between  Mother and Mike.  Mother had joined the Rebekah Lodge #36 I.O.O.F. in the late  1930's and was a paid-up member when she passed away. She  loved to play bridge, and was a Life Master in Duplicate Bridge,  playing at all the Okanagan Bridge Clubs. As well, she travelled  throughout B.C., Alberta and Washington, U.S.A. to attend tournaments.  For three years, mother lived with Shirley in Penticton.  Then, in 1977, she returned to Kelowna to reside in a nursing  home. In June, 1998, the family, which now included twelve  grandchildren, eleven great grandchildren and five great-great  grandchildren, celebrated mother's 90th birthday. The celebration  included a tour of Kelowna and Knox Mountain by limousine.  Mother died on October 18, 1998-as alert as ever. Indeed, she  had played bridge three times that week!  146 ohs COPPER MOUNTAIN DAYS 1940 - 1944  COPPER MOUNTAIN DAYS  1940 - 1944  by Harvie L. Walker  Harvie Walker continues his reminiscences of  his youth in Copper Mountain. (OHS Report #66)  Getting Used to Copper Mountain  as a Ppe-Teenage Kid  opper Mountain was a good place for kids to grow up, and  so I have a lot of good memories of those days, even though  leaving Okanagan Falls and my grandparents and friends  was difficult. The rest of my family moved to the Mountain while  I stayed on at the Falls for several months with my grandparents  who "made a big scene" each time my parents came to fetch me,  especially my grandfather. But eventually, I made the move, too.  When we first moved to Copper Mountain, we lived in  Logville which was a mile or so out of town with, as the name  implies, many of the houses being made from the lodgepole pine  forest that surrounded it. My brother and I spent much of our  after school time and summer days cutting the fire-wood needed  to supply the kitchen stove and the large living-room stove. Our  log house had neither running water, nor indoor plumbing. As a  consequence, a "call of nature", sometimes in minus 30 degree  Fahrenheit weather, was both a brief and brutal experience. We  hauled our water in large powder-keg type pails on wagons and  sleighs and sometimes carried the pails using a "Dutch-style"  wooden yoke. The water was supplied from an abandoned artesian drill-hole that was located in a small shed about a block from  our house. Our water supply was kept in a 45 gallon barrel behind  the kitchen door. My brother and I were required to keep it filled,  "on pain of death".  To get to our school, about a mile away, we could take a  short-cut trail through the jackpine forest. We were always warned  to be on the lookout for bears who also used the trail in the spring  and fall. So we made lots of noise as we walked it. Often on the  minus 30 degree mornings, we would hear what sounded like  rifle-shots going off around us which turned out to be the jackpine  trees "exploding" and splitting from the extreme cold. Strenuous  ohs 147 COPPER MOUNTAIN DAYS 1940 - 1944  activity on those  cold days often  resulted in nosebleeds, which I  always seemed to  be good at getting. A good breakfast and warm  clothes got us to  school on those  cold mornings to  the welcome heat  of the steam radiators supplied  from the steam-  plant that heated  all of the company buildings in the town. I think our school had about four rooms  with mixed grades from grades 1 through 12. I recall little about  the academic part of the school except that the teachers were a  "no nonsense" bunch. However, I do remember the rough games  we played including "knobbies" (a kind of primitive lacrosse),  "duck on the rock" and snowball fights.  My father Edgar Walker hauling poles. Granby Consolidated  Mining and Smelting Co., Copper Mountain.  (Courtesy Harvie L. Walker)  Logville at Copper Mountain, 1943 - 44.  (Courtesy Harvie L. Walker)  148 ohs COPPER MOUNTAIN DAYS 1940 - 1944  Our Move "In To Town" From Logville  After a couple of years at Logville we were able to rent a  house "in town", one with electricity and running water, but lacking indoor plumbing, and not as warm as our log house.  Electricity was inexpensive and the company encouraged us to  burn all we could. This was something to do with running the generators at full capacity, being more efficient, I think. So we were  able to keep warm by having electric-heaters in several of the  rooms. We still had a coal and wood stove in the kitchen for cooking and a "heater" in the living room in which we burned "Granby  Consolidated" coal that my father always said created two shovels  of "clinkers" for every shovelful burned. In any case, my brother  and I did not have to spend as much time cutting jackpine firewood. While my mother worked in the company cafe and my dad  in the compressor plant, my sister and I were responsible for getting the supper meal started. Sometimes we would not pay close  enough attention to the time and would have to make a last  minute rush to get supper on before our parents arrived home  from work. On those occasions, we would set the fire quickly with  kindling wood and paper, pour some kerosene into the stove and  toss a match into it. The result was an instant roaring fire, following a big "whoosh and rattle" of the stove plates, when ignition  took place. Not a very safe practice, but a very effective fire-  starter! *  * Ed. Note: Was this the beginning of the expression "It's a blast!"?  ohs 149 THE PIONEER CEMETERY  The Pioneer Cemetery  by Mary Bull  It was an autumn day filled with the aroma of burning leaves  and orange and golden trees. It was many years ago that I  drove my stepmother to the old cemetery on the hillside. Her  wish was to visit the graves of her grandmother, young aunt and  three baby cousins.  I parked the car by the roadside and she led the way, opening the rusty gate. I paused to look at the occasional handsome  headstone. One I remember of marble - told the  grief of a young wife. My  mother turned to see why  I had stopped. "Oh, that  old rascal, he married the  next year!" Finally, she  came to a halt almost at  the top of the hill. At last,  here was the gravestone  of the grandmother and  another with a more elaborate cross for the young  aunt who had been very  attractive. The headstones  of the little cousins had  nearly disappeared with  the passing of the years.  They were so young - the  eldest a ripe age of two.  My thoughts were  with the not so long distant past of those Pioneer days. The wife  was up early to light the stove to prepare breakfast for the husband and children. A long walk, but the children made it to the  one room schoolhouse. The husband left to milk the cows and  plough the fields. The wife was then busy with the new baby and  household tasks. Yet, there was always a country dance at the  Village Hall. The whole family went in the buggy. The fiddler or  someone at the piano played a tune. The young aunt had been a  belle. It was she who died in giving birth.  Life was hard, but it did have its bright moments. Everyone  attended church on Sunday.  150 ohs W.G. PROCTOR'S LETTER  Mr. W.G. Proctor's letter  This letter was recorded some years ago by Vernon Branch  Editor, Lucy McCormick. It describes in detail the life of the Pioneer.  FOREWORD  Mr. W.G. Proctor came to settle near Mabel Lake in the  1890's, subsequently raising his family there. In the 1950's, he  wrote this letter to his brother in England. Although the first page  has been lost, what follows is his account of the early days as a  pioneer.  I knew W.G. Proctor quite well when I went to teach at  Mabel Lake in 1929. The boys (now all men) lived in the  bunkhouse. Mr. Proctor rang a huge bell to wake everyone; it rang  before 5 a.m. I lived in a cabin a few yards from the ranch house,  and so I awakened also. I spent four years teaching there and  those years were very interesting, especially the stories told of  early days.  Mr. Proctor wrote about "The First Bridge Over Shuswap  Falls" in The Tenth Report of the Okanagan Historical Society  (1943).  Lucy McCormick  THE LETTER  .... I was feeding forty cattle and the sheep and kept warm  except my hands and three fingers got nipped a little. I had good  mitts on, but the hay fork handles get so cold and you have to grip  them to do the work. Otherwise, I would be sweating with all the  heavy clothes on. It's funny how soon you forget all about the  cold. I don't think the snow will be gone by the 1st of April, but  the robins and the blackbirds are here again. If Dorothy had been  here, she would not think Mabel Lake was such a fine place. It's  alright in the summer, but then she can't stand mosquito bites at  all; they make an awful mess of her.  We have the icehouse full. There was lots left from last year,  but Albert dumped it all out; we use 15 to 20 tons every year, but  it is quite ajob sawing the blocks. It was 23 inches this year. There  was a week or more when the school was closed as some small  kids come 2 to 3 miles, but down in Washington, the schools were  closed for weeks as the snow drifted and blocked the roads as fast  as they opened them out. There is a stretch of over a 100 miles  where there are no trees, just a desert, but they are getting water  into some of it and you can grow anything.  Duke's Jimmy and George's Donnie were to Vancouver  OHS 151 W.G. PROCTOR'S LETTER  University for a couple of months. There was 90 from all parts of  B.C., also 20 from Peace River. They had lots of snow but it melts  quickly and the grass was green and flowers out when they came  home the 7th March. Anything over $10.00 for train fare, the government pays, and they pay $20.00 for board for 2 months. They  have to take turns to help scrub the places and kitchen. The girls  do the cooking. They learn Agriculture, Blacksmithing, Carpentry  and leatherwork.  Now, if you are not already tired, let's look at what I have  been doing the past 62 years. Maybe you have heard the same  before.  Well, in August, 1887, I left Liverpool on the Allan Line boat,  Sarmation. She was schooner rigged and under 4,000 tons and had  sail up most all the way across. The first stop was at Moville,  Ireland, to take on mail and a few passengers. We went by  Northern Newfoundland and through the Strait of Belle Isle.  There were some icebergs and lots of fishing boats and the weather was fine for several days. You can see one shore sometimes,  too, with the little village houses all white and church steeples  with tin shingles all shining in the sun.  In 9 and a half days, we landed at Point Levis opposite  Quebec. The river is about a mile wide. Well, we got on the train  and got to Toronto next day. It was very warm and next day I took  train for Midland where Uncle Paul lived. I found him and boarded at the same place he did. [There was] Mason work in the summer building stone foundations for houses and barns. I looked  around for a job and was promised work on a church in a week's  time, but there was a gravel train running filling in along the  waterfront, so I went to work at that. You filled a flatcar each, 1  before dinner and 1 after. Wages $1.25 a day.  When the week was up, I went to work on the church seats.  There was another church building at Penetang. I got a job on  that. The contractor and I finished it up. Then I got a job in the  wheelwright's shop making wagon buggies' wheels, i.e., piecework. I make two dollars a day but didn't get much cash, but got  lumber to build a small house. Uncle Paul made a good foundation  and cellar. The house was 18 ft. by 24 ft., one story, one board on  the outside and building paper on the inside. Not a very warm  building in the winter.  The second winter, Uncle Paul and a man named Fraser and  I went to work in a cordwood camp at Coldwater. We got 80 cents  per cord. A cord measures 8 ft. long, 4 ft. wide and 4 ft high. All  you could make was 1 cord per man working from when it was  light enough to see until it was too dark. The wood was Maple,  Beech, and Ironwood, and went to Toronto. The railway engine to  Midland also burned wood. Well, we paid $10 per month for board.  Uncle Paul got tobacco and we let Fraser have the balance as he  152 ofis W.G. PROCTOR'S LETTER  had a family. The next two winters, Uncle Paul and I cut for 65  cents a cord and boarded ourselves one winter at the Old Ford  where the Jesuits were murdered by Indians 300 years ago. It was  about a mile walk morning and night and then work all day up to  your knees in snow - now men refuse to work for 65 cents per  hour.  Well, a few folk from Midland had gone to Calgary and  Vancouver. So the contractor I had been working with in the summer thought it would be a good place to go so in March, 1891, we  went. The fare was $50. There was snow all the way until we got  to Calgary; a Chinook wind had taken away the snow, but as soon  as we got into the mountains there was lots of it until we got to  Kamloops, and in Vancouver, the flowers were out. The Chinamen  were busy gardening.  I took a look around and went to Victoria and would have  gone to work, but returned to Vancouver and started work there.  Carpenters' wages were 25 cents per hour, which I thought was  big after 15 cents and less in Midland. Well, I was working a few  days when a man came along and asked if I belonged to the  Union. He said you can't work unless you join, so I quit and went  to Mission City. This city was two boarding houses and a store, but  they were building a branch line to the States and a bridge across  the Fraser. Well, there was quite a little boom for awhile. I built  three small houses and worked on the Section for three months.  I and another Englishman from Norwich had a shack on the  riverbank. We were both 24 and thought we would take a look  over the country to locate a good piece of land. We got maps and  information from Victoria and on May 2, 1892, we took the train  to Vernon. We stopped overnight at Sicamous, where the branch  line to the Okanagan begins. There we, the Judge and his wife,  and Barwood and me rode in the caboose on the work train to  Vernon. We camped and looked around for a couple of days and  then went to Lumby. It was quite hot walking and carrying our  packs, but it snowed over 1 inch in the night. We intended going  to Mabel Lake, got as far as Beaver Jack's and stopped all night  with him. He said the river was high and no bridge, so we  returned to Lumby.  I bought a very nice cayuse for $17 and got a pack saddle in  Vernon. Barwood got another at Kamloops, so we were alright.  The horses did the packing. We just had to walk, so we started for  Cariboo. We were at 70 Mile House on May 29. It snowed all day.  They were milking 70 cows and making butter.  We could tell by our maps where the next creek was and  would go any way from 10 to 15 miles, then camp and look  around. We never put the packs on after dinner. We kept right on  the Cariboo Road to Quesnel. The big Concord coaches with four  ohs 153 W.G. PROCTOR'S LETTER  fine horses carrying passengers and mail would pass us going full  speed. When they stopped to change horses, the driver didn't get  off his seat and they were going again in a jiffy. There were the  big freight wagons, generally two, 1 hitched behind the other with  6 or 8 horses. They only made 1 trip in a season.  Well, at Quesnel, we crossed the Fraser in a big scow. There  was another outfit with 6 horses. We had to tow the scow up the  river about _ mile to be able to make the landing on the other side.  The river in high water is about _ mile wide. There were big oars  you had to pull on. Well, we got across unto the Telegraph Trail  which they were making up to Alaska when they had trouble with  laying the cable across the Atlantic, but when they got that across,  they quit and just left everything.  Well, we got to the Nechako River. There was lots of good  land and big meadows, but it froze ice on the water pail on July 1,  and the mosquitoes and flies were awful. The Hudson Bay Factor  and an Indian came along. They said better come down the trail  a couple of miles; the flies are not so bad. So we did. He was from  Fort George, where the Nechako joins the Fraser River. When we  got there, he had us stop with him all night and showed us  through the Fur House. Some were baled, all ready to be shipped,  but the room was full of fine furs of all kinds.  We turned south again on a trail that joined the Telegraph  Trail at Blackwater River. A half-breed took us across at Quesnel,  in the biggest canoe I ever saw made out of a big Cottonwood log.  When we got to Soda Creek, we left the road and went on the  old Hudson Bay Trail nearer the Fraser River. We were camped at  Dog Creek, when along comes a big pack train, 40 of the finest fattest mules you ever saw. They camped there for the night. The  mules were put in 2 half moons, and there were three Indians to  each lot. The packs were taken off and placed neatly behind. Next  morning, the mules were brought into exactly the same place for  the same pack and as soon as the pack was on, walked away, some  to eat grass and some to lay down. They were packing to a store  and the Mexican who owned the outfit said the packs averaged  300 lbs. One mule had 500 lbs. on. We watched them start away  up the mountain with a couple of cayuse mares that carried the  men's blankets and kitchen [gear] go ahead with bells on.  Well, we got back onto the Cariboo Road at Clinton. At  Savona, Barwood went to work haying at Cherry Creek, 12 miles  from Kamloops. I was camped and John Hughes came along and  asked me if I would help him with the hay so I went to work. Mr.  Hughes was on a sailing ship that came to San Francisco in 1849,  when the Gold Rush was on. He left the ship for the diggings and  in 1858, when gold was found on the Fraser, he came up there. He  kept a stopping place on the trail at Lillooet before the Cariboo  Road was made. It burned. He was made Customs House Officer  154 ohs W.G. PROCTOR'S LETTER  at the U.S. Boundary. He was a fine fellow. After dinner, we were  sitting around with his regular man and another old sailor named  Pennington, who had the next place. He says to me, "There is a  good shotgun in the house; get it and walk down a long strip of  alfalfa there to some prairie chicken." If I got 2-1 had to kill 2 tame  chickens so there would be one apiece for dinner. He said he  always killed the best steer for himself, and when I left he told me  to help myself to powder and shot and gave me enough grub for  a couple of weeks. (He said) when you get to Kamloops, if you  don't find anything to suit you, come back here.  Anyway, I headed for Mabel Lake and got to Fred Finlaison's  at Shuswap Falls and helped him to build his first log barn. Along  comes Barwood. He had been threshing in White Valley. He said  he was going home as his father had a store in Norwich and he  was the only child. Anyway, he gave me his horse and Nelson was  coming down. He also had two cayuses, so we went together.  Beaver Jack was putting up a cabin for Fred Barns adjoining the  place I have there. There was some beaver meadows on it so I  helped finish the cabin and cut hay for our horses and lived there  all winter and caught a few marten. I had my cabin ready to go  into on March 1. It was August 30, the day we went down. We had  a good supply of grub, enough for a year. My supply was:  8-50 lb. sacks of flour  50 lb. of rice  75 lb. of beans  100 lb. of sugar  50 lb. keg of syrup  20 lb. of green coffee beans  5 lb. caddy of China tea  25 lb. dried apples  20 lb. prunes  100 lb. very fat pork  tobacco and matches*  As neither of us got any mail, we used to read all the old  papers we could get hold of. We could go out and kill a deer anytime, so we did not starve. I used to have a very good appetite and  have had a very good time, never what you could call sick. I did  lay up one day in the cordwood camp in Ontario. I don't think  Uncle Paul was ever sick, he just died in his sleep.  Tbday is mail day, I had better quit. Just the same, I don't  know how anyone could live in such a crowded country. The population of B.C. is 1,1014,000 [1,014,000?]- 50,000 out of work, so  there are too many here without bringing foreigners from Europe.  * Duke Proctor, George's eldest son, remembered the large supply  of winter "grub" arriving at the ranch when he was a boy.  ohs 155 AGRICULTURE . . . THEN  First Orchardist in  Okanagan Falls: John Matheson  by Elizabeth Pryce  ohnny Appleseed indeed, was John Matheson!  J  Although Hiram "Okanagan" Smith is credited with introducing the apple tree to the Okanagan Valley in 1856 when he  brought twelve hundred trees from Washington to be planted near  Osoyoos Lake, John Matheson is considered to be the first  orchardist in Okanagan Falls. In 1886, on his back, he carried his  first five trees, and later a total of one hundred more, over the  Allison Trail from Hope to the Okanagan. He also might well have  been the first nurseryman here, as he propagated many of the  apple varieties in his orchard and sold the young trees to farmers  in neighbouring areas.  Born in Prince Edward Island in 1860, John Matheson did  not go west until he was in his mid twenties, arriving in Okanagan  Falls in 1886. Tom Ellis in Penticton owned the only large ranch  in the area, and young Matheson obtained employment there  while he pre-empted about nine hundred acres on the east bench  of Okanagan Falls, then called Dogtown. Through his property  McLean Creek meandered on its way through the hills to Dog  (Skaha) Lake. In a lovely setting near the creek on an open meadow high above the lake, John Matheson built his house.  The Matheson Ranch was begun with the five fruit trees  brought by John on his first trip into the Okanagan Valley. The  next one hundred apple trees were transported with the help of a  friend from Penticton, who also worked for Tom Ellis.  As his orchard developed, eventually shoots off the fifty varieties were desired by other farmers. The Gartrell Ranch in  Summerland was the first to purchase new stock from Mr.  Matheson in 1890-91. Frank Harkin, located next to Matheson,  purchased his first cuttings from his orcharding neighbour, and it  is likely that the early plantings on the Roderick McLean place  were also from Matheson. As the next ten years passed, cuttings  Elizabeth Pryce was raised in Okanagan Falls and throughout much of her  life had been a regular visitor to the Matheson and Fetterly Ranches. She is  OHS Penticton Branch Editor.  156 ohs FIRST ORCHARDIST IN OKANAGAN FALLS: JOHN MATHESON  from those trees were obtained by new farmers settling in the  Okanagan who expressed an interest in orcharding. Varieties  included Red Astrakhan (Astrachan), Whitney Crabapple, Snow  Apple, Black Twig, Pippins, Baldwin, and the more commonly  known Russett, Jonathon and Winter Banana.  The buildings on his ranch were constructed by Mr.  Matheson; a log house and barn, the milkhouse, smokehouse and  wagon shed. When additional space became necessary, an  upstairs addition to the original log house was added.  Throughout the first ten years on his ranch, John built up  quite a farming enterprise. Aside from considerable acreage in  orchard, he also turned to ground crops, cattle, pigs and sheep,  chickens and horses. All manner of produce was available from  his ranch, and was transported to the mining camps of Fairview  and Camp McKinney by Mr. Matheson himself. Using teams of  horses and wagon, he arrived at the camp loaded with vegetables,  meat and dairy products, remained overnight to begin the return  journey the next day, and take home with him small purchases  needed, obtained by barter.  During these early years of building his ranch, Mr. Matheson  continued to work as a blacksmith, when needed, on the Ellis  Ranch. His life was full, but he continued to pack further ventures  into it; for, when Hedley and Nickel Plate mines went into production, his transport journeys took him into the Similkameen  Valley. Return trips from  there saw his wagon loaded  with grain, obtained again, by  barter.  Across Dog Lake at the  new town of Kaleden, Jim  Ritchie had set up a small  store near the shoreline.  Supplies from foodstuffs to  hardware and clothing were  available, and it was not  uncommon for John  Matheson to step into his  small boat at the shoreline of  his property and row across  Dog Lake to Kaleden, load up,  and manoeuvre the craft back  home again. He continued  this shopping procedure well  into the new century. It was  during  one   of his  trips  to  Eva and John Matheson, c. 1910.  (Courtesy Sharon Thompson)  ohs 157 FIRST ORCHARDIST IN OKANAGAN FALLS: JOHN MATHESON  Fairview that John met the lady who would become his wife.  Born in 1865 in Teoria County, State of Illinois, Eva Jacks  grew up in Kentucky, then lived in Coulee City until 1885.  Arriving first at Camp McKinney where she worked as a chambermaid, Eva McAllister, with her son Walter, later moved to  Fairview. There she obtained  employment as cook at one of  the hotels. In 1896 she married John Matheson and  moved to Okanagan Falls. At  their ranch two sons were  born to John and Eva: Angus  in September 1900, and Ira  Ellis in January 1903.  When Frank Harkin  decided to move from the valley, Eva Matheson purchased  the Harkin property, subsequently selling the same to  Vern Fetterly, who had run a  blacksmith shop in Penticton.  From his homesite, following  McLean Creek from where  the eastside road from  Okanagan Falls ended at that  time, Matheson pushed a  rough   roadway   along   the  ravine to the Borthwick place, connecting his ranch to that of  Fetterly. The Matheson Ranch developed steadily and prospered,  gradually fulfilling the man's dream. However, in 1916 tragedy  struck Mr. Matheson, and at the age of fifty-six, he passed away  from cancer.  In his lifetime John Matheson, the blacksmith, had traveled  the breadth of a continent, trekked on foot the arduous path of the  Allison Trail, his apple trees upon his back, and in an early fashion of a nursery, developed cuttings of his many varieties of the  fruit for others. The planter of the Falls' first orchard, this man  might also be credited with operating the earliest "truck farm" in  Okanagan Falls, but with teams and wagon. With a horse-drawn  scraper, Mr. Matheson cut through the first road connecting the  eastside Skaha Lake with the East Bench, and in his time, witnessed the transition of the horse and wagon travel and transport  to the automobile. He saw the steamers ply the waters of the lake  and the arrival of the first train into Penticton. It was in a way, a  triumphant era to live in.  Angus Matheson schooled in the Falls with Eva.  (Courtesy Sharon Thompson)  158 ohs FIRST ORCHARDIST IN OKANAGAN FALLS: JOHN MATHESON  A hard working, kind and gentle man, John Matheson left  behind the image of the true pioneer of his time, and a recognizable contribution to the development of Okanagan Falls.  The passing of John Matheson in 1916 left to his wife, Eva,  and her sons, a vast acreage planted in orchards and vegetables,  and other mixed farming. Eva's eldest son, Walter McAllister, who  had been working for his step-father until John's death, now  moved to the United States. With his wife, Ida (Rushing) and family of four; Evelyn (later married Walter Keefe), June (later married Donald Mallory), Raymond, and Norma (later married a Mr.  Dolkinen), Walter McAllister began a new life away from  Okanagan Falls. Angus remained all his life on the ranch above  Skaha Lake.  As the demand for fruit produce widened, the need for a  packinghouse became apparent; and a two story building which  rested on the creek bank was built. Entry to the top floor was  gained over a wooden bridge. It stood beside the road between the  bridge over McLean Creek and the wagon shed. In later years it  was referred to as the garage, as Angus' new 1919 Model T Ford  was housed there.  On one of Ellis Matheson's visits to the east coast in Canada,  he chanced to meet a man in Ontario named William (Bill) Edge.  Eager to move west, Bill Edge arrived at the Matheson Ranch  where he was promptly employed in box making as well as  orchard labour. The "shooks" (packages of unassembled boxes)  arrived at the Matheson packinghouse from the sawmill, were put  together, filled, and the produce sold at $1.25 per box. Several  Falls' men and women found employment in this packinghouse.  Among them, and working with Bill Edge was Donald "Buster"  Mallory. At the same time, Olive Hawthorne (daughter of Mr. &  Mrs. Sam Hawthorne, earlier of Green Lake residence) was also  employed in the Matheson packinghouse, continuing on there  until her marriage to Roy Jakins. It is most likely through his  meeting with Olive that Bill Edge came to know her cousin, Hazel  of the George Hawthorne family. Following their marriage, Bill  and Hazel Edge resided for a while on the Matheson Ranch before  moving downtown to the Falls.  In 1925 Eva Matheson made a decision to move to Penticton.  Once there, she obtained employment in the cannery. Angus  went with her. Walter and Ida McAllister, with their family,  returned home to manage the ranch. Perhaps a little homesick for  the ranch, or just longing for the quiet of the countryside, at the  age of sixty-four, Eva Matheson was drawn back to her eastside  home above the lake, barely three years after her leave-taking. In  ohs 159 FIRST ORCHARDIST IN OKANAGAN FALLS: JOHN MATHESON  1928 Angus built the little house near the creek, not more than a  mile from the log house his father had put up. Eva remained there  with Angus, until her son Walter, in 1935, decided to return once  more to Washington. Alone now, Eva and Angus moved back into  the original house. Her other son, Ellis, who had departed Canada  several years before, now left the United States for Guam, and was  not heard from again. It is presumed by the family that he never  married.  Leaving management of the ranch to Angus, Eva now  turned to the quieter pursuits in life, one of which was gardening.  Beside her house a small vegetable plot flourished. Ornamentals  such as the Japanese Lilac made an appearance in the landscaping. A gardener of "rare" form, Eva spread flower seeds about her  home near the creek, simply scattering them by the handful to  the wind and trusting their care to nature. Massive blooms of all  kinds flourished along the roadside, upon the creek banks and  clung tenuously to the old logs of the house. "Tansy", a flower  from Kentucky, found its first roots in the Okanagan by way of  Eva Matheson's hand. Her favourite pet was the cat, and anyone  who knew Mrs. Matheson can remember the many cats who  found a home with her.  In May 1948, in the house which her husband had built in  1886, Eva Matheson passed away at the age of eighty-four years.  A year and a half later, in October 1949, the old Matheson house  caught fire and burned to the ground. The sight of such devastation would surely have broken Eva's heart. Angus continued on  with the ranch. Forsaking bachelorhood in July 1948, he married  Jessie Albert of New Westminster, who had undertaken the care  of his mother until her passing. After the fire, Angus and Jessie  moved back into the little house by the creek, remaining there  until a new home was built. Volunteer labour in the form of a  "building bee" by local Okanagan Falls residents put up the new  house just across the road from the original homesite. Following a  lengthy illness, Angus Matheson passed away in Penticton hospital in August 1982, one month short of 81 years. Jessie remained  in the house until her death a few years later.  The advent of the "sub-division" changed the face of several  outlying areas around Okanagan Falls, and the Matheson Ranch  was one of the old homesteads eventually developed to residential. Time and weather have wrought a natural deterioration upon  the buildings. The apple trees are gone. Hay and grain fields are  now quiet pastures and meadows. There is little that stands in  silent testimony to the illustrious days of farming and freighting.  The road across the "home property" has been closed in  favour of a new highway along Skaha Estates, and is now grown  160 ohs FIRST ORCHARDIST IN OKANAGAN FALLS: JOHN MATHESON  over with weeds and Eva Matheson's flowers. At McLean Creek  there is little trace of the bridge which was washed away by spring  flooding in 1982. The smokehouse, milkhouse, and fruit packing  plant are all gone. A relic of pioneer days, the hog-scalding trough  is on display in the Penticton Museum, as are samples of the type  of fruit boxes put together in the packinghouse. Amazingly, a Red  Astrakhan apple tree, planted in 1886 - one of the original first  five trees - survived the passage of time.  Haying on the ranch, Okanagan Falls, B.C.  (Courtesy Sharon Thompson)  Matheson Coat of Arms. (Courtesy Sharon Thompson)  OHS 161 CHILDHOOD MEMORIES OF GROWING UP IN OKANAGAN FALLS IN THE THIRTIES AND FORTIES  Women Orchard Workers of  the Coldstream Ranch  by Bethe Almquist  s the 1946 school term was ending in Fort Saskatchewan,  Alberta, our Mother heard on the radio that help was need-  .ed in the fruit industry of the Okanagan Valley in her home  Province of British Columbia. Return train fare would be paid for  those who responded and stayed the season.  My sister Lou (Lucille) and I thought it was a good idea, and  so we took the train to Edmonton on July 2, 1946 and went to the  Employment Office to sign up. The age requirement was eighteen  years. I qualified, but Lou was only sixteen and one-half and so  she had to lie about her age. She was terrified, but managed the  falsehood successfully.  After signing up, we went to see our friend Babe Blize. When  she heard of what we were doing she said, "I am going too." Lou  and I stayed at Babe's parents' house while the paper work was  being done. We phoned Mom and had her send our clothes and  bedding to Edmonton by bus. We had been told that we would  need pots and dishes, and so we bought some. As it turned out, we  did not need them for everyday living, but we did use one  saucepan for recreation; often when we went walking in the hills,  we would take the pan, sugar, cocoa and a small can of milk to  make fudge.  By July 4th, 1946, we were on the train to Vernon and our  jobs at the Coldstream Ranch. Every year, the Ranch, five miles  east of Vernon on the Lumby Road, relied on summer employees  from the three western provinces to do much of the manual  labour in the orchards. At the end of the 1940's, the Ranch had  extensive acres of land in apple orchards and a large packinghouse that had been constructed in the late 1930's. We were just  three of the many seasonal workers, both men and women, who  helped to keep these operations going. I worked at the Ranch for  Bethe Almquist (nee Chardon) lives in Chilliwack with her husband Arnold.  They enjoy their retirement and like travelling every summer through B.C.  and Alberta to visit their family and friends. With this article, Bethe wishes  to honour the dedication and hard work of the Okanagan orchard workers  and in particular the "Prairie girls" who worked at the Coldstream Ranch in  the era after the Second World War.  162 ohs WOMEN ORCHARD WORKERS OF THE COLDSTREAM RANCH  the summers of 1946, 1947, 1948 and 1949. The work in each summer season was similar but the friends and the adventures varied.  In 1946, Ranch Foreman Pete Schram met us and a number  of other future employees, at the Vernon train station. It sure was  hot! Pete drove all of us to the Coldstream Ranch and showed us  around. Finally he dropped us off at the big grey house where we  would be staying.  A group of young workers being trucked to the orchards and fields of Coldstream Ranch for  a day of work. Bethe is sitting high on the cab.  (Courtesy Bethe Almquist)  The house had five rooms upstairs, one large enough for fifteen beds. The three of us finally ended up in a small room. At the  rear of the building was a large room with four showers, five toilets, and a long metal table with three water taps, five basins, two  tubs and two washboards.  After having something to eat at the cookhouse and dining  room next door, we unpacked and made up our beds. The mattresses were straw filled. When we "hit the hay" we did it literally. Later in the summer we got regular mattresses, and Lou's diary  entries changed from "we hit the hay" to "we hit the mattress".  After getting settled, we did a bit of exploring. We found the  nearby stream and the step type waterfall. In the weeks to come,  this water treasure became our leisure spot for reading, letter  writing, singing and just relaxing.  Later that first day, we watched as the trucks brought the  young women home from work. About forty women came dash-  ohs 163 WOMEN ORCHARD WORKERS OF THE COLDSTREAM RANCH  L to R: Dola Erickson, Lou Chardon, Bethe  Chardon in 1948.  (Courtesy Bethe Almquist)  ing in for a shower, some  before and some after the 6  o'clock supper. We ate very  well for the $1.00 per day that  was deducted from our wages.  The first night, after  lights out, the gals began  telling dirty jokes. After a  while Lou asked if they would  like to hear a really dirty joke  and into the resulting silence  she said, "A white horse fell  into a big mud puddle." This  was followed by dead silence  and we were able to get to  sleep.  We were up at 6:00 a.m.  and had breakfast at 6:30 a.m.  The trucks picked us up at 6:45  a.m., and drove us out to the  orchard where we were introduced to our new job. First we had to learn how to manoeuvre our  fourteen foot ladders, and then we had to learn how to thin  apples. We met our field boss Doc Alderman and our ladder moving helpers Norman Schram and Frank Louch. Thinning apples  was very hard on the thumb and index finger until a callus was  formed. Because we were Prairie girls, it was really hard to see all  those apples thrown away. To us it was such a waste.  Our daily schedule included lunch from noon until 1:00  p.m., home at 5:00 p.m. and supper at 6:00 p.m. Our days off were  Sundays and rainy days. Meals were good but basic, with such  things as hamburger patties, beets, carrots, potatoes, pie, milk and  tea. For morning break we would put a slice of toast and jam in  our back pockets.  In the first few days we had a ration book problem. World  War II was over, but the country was still on rations. Mr. Bingley,  the Ranch Office Bookkeeper, informed us that he did not have a  ration book for Babe, yet we were sure that he did have one. It was  a week before we realized the answer. Babe was a nickname and  Blize was her stepfather's name. Her real name was Kathleen  Meropoulis and that was the name on the ration book. I do not  remember needing the ration books after 1946.  164 ohs WOMEN ORCHARD WORKERS OF THE COLDSTREAM RANCH  Coldstream Ranch's highly productive apple trees included  varieties such as Transparent, Wealthy, Cox's Orange Pippin,  Stayman, Rome Beauty, Macintosh, Spartan, Winesap, Common,  Red and Golden Delicious. There were a few plums and one pear  tree. We also worked on orchards at Keefers toward Lavington and  Spicers on Aberdeen Road where the trees were huge. When thinning each variety of apples, we had different requirements regarding spacing and the number of apples to be left in a group. In time  we all learned the special treatments needed for each variety.  The daily work routine over the course of the summer  included pruning, thinning, picking, and packing each apple variety in its season. Most of the women wore pith helmets to help  reduce the intense heat of the Okanagan sun and we made use of  the ever- present water bucket and dipper. I carried a collapsible  container in my back pocket for water. With the hot sunny weath-  l|k    Bf^  1                I -    J  In   i   i  "& M~3l  Girls' camp housing, Unit #10 on the right end, was Bethe's home for the summers of  1947, 1948 and 1949.  (Courtesy Bethe Almquist)  er frequently came sunburns and the ensuing pain. While we  often got help moving the long ladders, it was always a goal to set  them up in the best shade possible. Some hazards on the job  included wet grass in the early mornings, dry fine soil that floated up to your ankles and pools of water that collected after the  orchards were irrigated. It was heavy physical work and the  women had to be strong and determined.  We worked hard during the days, but everyone had enjoyable recreational activities in the evenings and on the weekends.  Our first Saturday night at the Ranch was a shock. All our co-workers got dressed up ready to go into Vernon and they looked almost  like strangers to us.  The Vernon-Lumby bus cost $1.20 return from the Ranch  gate via Coldstream and Long Lake (Kalamalka Lake) Beach to  Vernon, but hitch hiking was the norm. The last bus from Vernon  left about 10:00 p.m. Hitch hiking was easy, sometimes fun and  ohs 165 WOMEN ORCHARD WORKERS OF THE COLDSTREAM RANCH  sometimes frustrating. One time Lou and her friend Dola  Erickson were taken half way to Lumby before being taken back  and dropped off at the gate. Dola kept saying that she had to get  back because she had left sausages cooking on the stove!  Women working in 1949 on the grader lie for apple sorting at the Coldstream Ranch  Packinghouse.  (Courtesy Bethe Almquist)  For movies in Vernon there were two theatres, one featuring mostly westerns. We also went bowling, roller-skating, shopping and wandering the main street, Barnard Avenue (presently  30th Avenue). People with cars spent their time cruising back and  forth all evening.  Too many of the girls were staying out too late, so Ruth  Watson was hired as Matron for the next three years. She did an  excellent job of maintaining order and, except on Saturdays, an  eleven o'clock curfew. It was good practice for her as she went on  to become a Policewoman in Vancouver after 1948.  Our leisure time activities at the Ranch included playing  horseshoes, swimming, softball and hiking. Lou, Babe and I did  much wandering around and exploring. There were always the  horses and horse barn with Mr. George Marven to check out, as  well as Mr. Ellcome at the cow barn and all the corrals. One time  we climbed up on the fence and sat looking at a black bull when  all of a sudden he made a dash toward us. Babe jumped off running. Lou hit me as she jumped off and I very nearly fell in with  the bull. Talk about a fright!  At the end of August 1946, Lou and Babe took the train home  to Edmonton and Fort Saskatchewan. Because they left early they  166 ohs WOMEN ORCHARD WORKERS OF THE COLDSTREAM RANCH  had to pay $5.00 towards the price of their tickets, (the regular  price was $18.05). I stayed and worked at the packinghouse until  a week before Christmas.  During the bright days of late autumn, Mr. Tbm Hill, the  Ranch Manager, became annoyed when he heard that some of the  girls were complaining about the food. He was going to send us all  packing until Ruth explained that the complaints were that the  food served was cold meals. After working in the cold all day, the  girls wanted hot meals. Then, the kitchen staff were sent packing  instead and some of the girls took over their jobs.  In 1946 there was a very big crop and we packed until mid-  December. When most of the girls had left, the rest of us moved  into the large downstairs room and Ruth became our cook in addition to working on the grader in the packinghouse. Someone  brought her some bear fat which she used to make apple pies -  now there was a unique flavour - good though!  In June of 1947, when we heard train whistles, we heard the  Coldstream Ranch calling us. This time Babe went with some  other friends and Lou and I had Dolora (Dola) Erickson with us.  We could not wait to get back to Coldstream Ranch.  We were housed in an old army building divided into ten  parts. The army buildings were left from the 1942-1945 period  when the Ranch was the site of the Battle Drill Training program.  We had #10 and Ruth Watson had #1. Each room had a table,  benches, a tin stove, and a screened cooler that was built out the  back in the constant cool shade of trees. It was amazing how well  we could cook and bake with that stove. We no longer had a common dining room and everyone did their own meals. The woodpile was out front. Ruth had a big old cook stove with warming  oven and warm water reservoir. We had the same accommodation  in #10 unit for 1947, 1948 and 1949.  Each room had four cots, which took up a great deal of room.  During one of our prowls we had seen bunk beds stored in the old  mill and asked for some to replace the beds. When we returned in  1948, the bunk beds were in our place and we had a lot more  room. No one else bothered to ask for a change. We stacked wooden orange crates and made red and white checked curtains for  "cupboards".  The woodpile and garbage hut was out front and the shower  house was nearby. Ruth kept the fire going for hot water and rode  herd on us all as well as working at the packing house. She would  collect our grocery lists once a week and take them to the office.  Okanagan Grocery filled and delivered to us. I don't know about  the others but #10 got milk from Mrs. Ellcome, eggs from Doc  ohs 167 WOMEN ORCHARD WORKERS OF THE COLDSTREAM RANCH  Alderman and vegetables from Lee Kar Shong's business near the  railway crossing.  On August 12, 1947, between thinning and picking, nine  women, including the three of us, were loaned to Mr. Powell of  West Summerland. Most of us rode there in the back of the pickup truck waving to everyone we saw and singing, as we usually  did on our walks and rides to and from our work in the orchard.  We picked plums and pears and found out just how heavy they  could get and all of us had sore shoulders. In our time off, we  explored the West Summerland and Penticton areas.  Young women standing near George Schram's dark red 1932 Ford soft top convertible coupe.  Coldstream Ranch logo on packinghouse.  (Courtesy Bethe Almquist)  By the time we got back to the Coldstream Ranch, it was  time to start the main apple picking and then we went on to packing. Most of the picking was done by the men and the packing was  done by the women until all the apple varieties were harvested.  Lou just could not get the knack of throwing the apple and wrapping it, so Doc Alderman stood behind her, took her hands and  went through the motions and bingo the light went on. Hey it was  easy!  Playing little tricks was the norm in the packinghouse, like  making little noises that had to be checked out. One day Lou  caught a little mouse, quickly she wrapped it in a paper and put it  on the return belt to the grader. The resulting mayhem was hilarious.  With so many gals around it was a given that there would be  168 ohs WOMEN ORCF1ARD WORKERS OF THE COLDSTREAM RANCH  guys coming around. After ball games and hikes there would  always be music. Our visitors brought guitars and an accordion  while Dola had a mandolin. I was proud of my wind- up gramophone (suitcase type) and I tried to purchase a new record or two  every week.  One afternoon in 1947, we got back from work to find a rattlesnake hanging on the fence. The men had found it in the field.  I skinned it and stretched the skin on a board using sewing pins.  It was close to three feet long and I still have it. It has been to  many "show and tells" with our five children in Chilliwack and  our twelve grandchildren in Chilliwack, Port Hardy and Grande  Prairie, Alberta.  The packing season was much shorter in 1947, finishing in  late October or early November. We did have the fun of going "out"  for Halloween. The prank I remember best is going to Mr. and  Mrs. Hill's house. While we were at the manager's front door, Lou  was at the back knotting the arms and legs of the long Johns on  the clothes line together.  Each year in the winter, we went back to Alberta and got  jobs. In 1948, Lou got ajob at the Calgary Greyhound Bus office.  She decided to stay with Greyhound and did not return to the  Ranch. In 1949, Dola and I came back and another friend Florence  Geall from Fort Saskatchawan joined us in #10.  Lou worked for Greyhound for several years. She married  Raymond Stout of High River, Alberta and had two children. Babe  Blize drowned in a boating accident on Lake Louise in 1949. Dola  Erickson (Haase) went to Calgary, married and had a daughter.  She died in Edmonton during surgery in 1952. Florence Geall  married and now lives near Whitehorse, Yukon. Starting in the fall  of 1949, I began working at the Okanagan Saddlery in Vernon and  was there until it closed in 1951. Then I was employed at Canada  Safeway until I married fellow employee Arnold Almquist in  1953.  My days at the Coldstream Ranch taught me the value and  pleasure of hard work, but it also brought me many good friends,  many good laughs and a store full of happy memories.  ohs 169 COMMUNITY SERVICE ORGANIZATIONS CELEBRATE ANNIVERSARIES  Armstrong's Women's  Institute and School Nurse  Miss Amy Louise Mercer  by Faith Hall  Women's Institute began in Canada and is now worldwide.  It was founded on February 19, 1897 at Stony Creek,  Ontario by a woman named Adelaide Hoodless whose  baby had died as a result of being fed impure milk. The knowledge that the child's death could have been prevented was devastating for Mrs. Hoodless, who realized that many other young  mothers could be as vulnerable as she was. She went on a campaign for pure milk in her home city of Hamilton, Ontario and  then set out on a lifelong career of teaching women about  hygiene, sanitation, good nutrition, homemaking skills and giving  the children of the nation the very best opportunities possible.  Women's Institute spread like wildfire across Ontario, then to  other provinces, coming to British Columbia in 1909, with an  Institute being formed in Armstrong in 1920. This Institute followed the mandate set by Adelaide Hoodless working to improve  living conditions in both the home and the community. As health  was a priority, the ladies threw their energy behind the new  Hospital in Armstrong, holding tag days, teas, raffles and dances  to raise money for equipment, and organizing a linen shower to  provide sheets, pillow cases, towels etc. for the hospital.  As the hospital thrived, they turned their attention to the  school and the mothers and children of the district. They could  see the need for a well baby clinic, a restroom for mothers to feed  Faith Hall is originally from Saskatchewan, where in 1962 she started working for the Provincial Health Department in the Medical Care Insurance  Commission. Mrs. Hall was the Assistant Director of Vital Statistics and a  Marriage Commissioner in Saskatchewan when she retired. After moving to  Armstrong in 1991, she became active in both the Women's Institute and St.  James Anglican Church. When she was asked to write the history of the  Armstrong Women's Institute, she saw the saga of nurse Mercer emerge from  the minutes of the former meetings. The story was rekindled and action was  taken.  170 ohs ARMSTRONG'S WOMEN'S INSTITUTE AND SCHOOL NURSE MISS AMY LOUISE MERCER  and change their babies, and above all, for a School Nurse! A  Restroom Committee was formed in February 1921, but it was not  until July of 1923 that the Women's Institute were able to rent the  old City Hall (originally the Pringle House) and arrange the interior to provide a restroom and a room for meetings. Mrs. Morgan  was hired as caretaker and Matron of the restroom facilities. This  place became a haven for weary mothers and fretful children,  Mrs. Morgan on occasion even served tea to the young mothers.  In the meantime, however, the Women's Institute had  turned their attention to the children who were attending the new  Consolidated School that opened September 6, 1921. The decision  to build a Consolidated School in Armstrong was unprecedented,  as was the idea to close rural schools and bus the children into  town. Both ideas were a "first" for British Columbia. The  Armstrong Women's Institute was firmly committed to the welfare of children and families, and members were concerned about  nutrition and sanitation for some five hundred children brought  together, many of them by bus from seven rural schools, to spend  the long day under one roof. The W I. began a program of providing hot soup and hot chocolate to one hundred seventy children who carried their lunches to school. In 1923, the Institute  purchased playground equipment, and swings for the school.  They also provided first aid materials, a stretcher and blanket for  the Primary grades.  The members of the Institute strongly believed that there  was a need for a professional person in the school to provide  instruction and supervision on nutrition, sanitation, and the  health of the children. They began a campaign to have a Public  Health Nurse in the school in Armstrong, and approached the  School Board, the City Council, and the Department of Public  Health in Victoria about it. The Armstrong Women's Institute was  so committed to this project that at their meeting held on August  24, 1924 they passed a motion to pay for the supplies and travel  expenses of that nurse. They apparently campaigned tirelessly  from then on to persuade the Provincial Health Officer Dr. Young,  and the local School Board of the need for a Health Nurse at the  school in Armstrong. Eventually, Dr. Young was convinced of the  benefits of a school nurse, but the Board of the Armstrong  Consolidated School would only agree to engage a School Nurse  on a trial basis for three months. The Provincial Board of Health  offered to select the nurse, and to pay her $100.00 per month for  this three month trial period. As the Armstrong Women's Institute  had already made a commitment to pay for the supplies the nurse  needed and her travel expenses, the cost to the Consolidated  School was minimal. Dr. Young had suggested that the Armstrong  ohs 171 ARMSTRONG'S WOMENS INSTITUTE AND SCHOOL NURSE MISS AMY LOUISE MERCER  and Spallumcheen School Trustees conduct a plebiscite after the  three month trial was finished to decide whether the position of  School Nurse should be continued. On this tentative basis the  Public Health Officer appointed Miss Amy Louise Mercer to this  position, and she arrived in Armstrong in late November 1924.  The Armstrong Women's Institute welcomed her with open arms.  They furnished two rooms in the upstairs of their hall for Miss  Mercer's living quarters and as there was already a kitchen on the  main floor, she was able to live quite comfortably in the W.I. Hall.  A reception for Miss Mercer was held in the Community Hall on  December 10th, and various arrangements were made to ease the  beginning of her work. Miss Mercer began her work as the School  Nurse in Armstrong on December 1st, 1924.  Now Miss Amy Louise  Mercer was no ordinary person, as is evident in the old  WI. minutes, and from the  Archives of the Museum.  This remarkable lady was  born October 30th, 1879 in  Ontario, and from the first it  was said that she walked a  very independent way of life.  She took her nurse's training  in Toronto Western Hospital,  then studied all branches of  the profession, finally deciding to specialize in Public  Health, since she believed  that this offered the greatest  opportunity to serve the people. For a number of years  she worked under difficult  conditions   for  the   Depart-  Amy Louise Mercer attending a family gathering  in 1920.  (Courtesy Margaret Christensen)  ment of Health of Ohio. During the First World War she returned  to Canada to work for her country and at the end of the War  returned to nursing in Toronto. Later she moved west and worked  at Tranquille Sanitarium located near Kamloops, learning much  about the treatment and care of tuberculosis. A dedicated and  hard working nurse, she eventually suffered from exhaustion, and  so took time off to rest at her brother's farm at Brisco, B.C. It was  from there that Dr. Young recruited Miss Mercer to serve the  Armstrong district. He stated that he had delayed the hiring until  he was able to find just the right person, one he referred to as a  "very good nurse". The brief time that Amy Mercer spent in  172 ohs ARMSTRONG'S WOMEN'S INSTITUTE AND SCHOOL NURSE MISS AMY LOUISE MERCER  Armstrong definitely proved that he had made an excellent  choice.  Miss Mercer settled happily into the district, quickly becoming the Darling of the Armstrong Women's Institute and loved and  respected by the children of the area. But it must have been a difficult beginning, for the School Board was not fully convinced that  the services of a school nurse were really needed - however they  were ready to give it a fair trial. Miss Mercer also had to work with  the school staff in a newly-created position where her work may  have seemed an intrusion. It must have been an onerous task to  set up a completely new routine and coordinate her duties with  the established operations of the large and busy school. It is evident that Miss Mercer dealt with this situation skillfully as there  was no friction whatever, and she soon fitted in very well with all  of the staff. She gave the finest of service and everyone acknowledged this. She was a tireless worker, often staying on long after  her day was finished, if there was someone who needed her.  On February 28th, 1925 the suggested plebiscite took place,  and the results were strongly in favour of retaining the School  Nurse. There is no doubt that Miss Mercer won wide approval,  both for her dedicated nursing and for her commitment to the  families in the community.  In her obituary, it was said that she made friends wherever  she went, both in connection with her duties as a School Nurse,  and also when visiting homes where she felt she could be of assistance. It was said that she was of a "fine and very strong physique"  which would have served her well, since she had no car, but  walked wherever she went. If a child missed school, Miss Mercer  would walk to that child's home after school to check on the circumstances and to help in whatever way she could. Apparently,  Miss Mercer had a quiet and reserved manner on first acquaintance. It seems this reserve and restraint disappeared when she  was needed to serve others, for she reached out to them spontaneously and with true concern and compassion. She won the deep  personal regard and respect of the community for she was always  ready to do much more than was expected of her to ensure the  comfort and well-being of those around her. Young and old alike  felt that she was a real friend, one who was always ready to give  help in time of need.  Miss Mercer also felt a responsibility to the W I. and provided a report to them once a month summarizing her work at the  school. She kept careful records other work at the school and also  made a monthly report to Dr. Young, the Medical Health Officer.  These reports told of minor injuries, upset stomachs, skin rashes,  ohs 173 ARMSTRONG'S WOMENS INSTITUTE AND SCHOOL NURSE MISS AMY LOUISE MERCER  communicable diseases, home visits and even a record of the  growth of the children and their weight. She was busy in other  ways too, holding baby clinics in the W I. Hall, advising young  mothers regarding the care of their babies, addressing groups on  sanitation, health and good nutrition. Thus, Miss Mercer gave  unstintingly of her time, knowledge and experience to make  Armstrong and District a better place in which to raise children.  In fact, Miss Mercer became so involved with the children of the  community that she had volunteered to give up several weeks of  her vacation to care for the boys and girls at the Community  Camp which was planned for July. However a cruel fate intervened.  Miss Mercer felt ill for a few days and appendicitis was suspected, however the pain and discomfort passed and she returned  to work. Then late in June the illness returned, but Miss Mercer  made light of it and continued to work until Friday, the last day of  school, as she had promised to help hand out diplomas. She persevered until the ceremonies were over. That evening she was  taken to hospital and was operated on the same night. But it was  already too late, the appendix had ruptured, and the subsequent  infection (peritonitis) was rampant. She never rallied, and passed  away barely twenty-four hours later. The whole community was  stunned.  The long awaited headstone to honour Armstrong's first community nurse.  (Courtesy Jessie Ann Gamble)  174 ohs ARMSTRONG'S WOMEN'S INSTITUTE AND SCHOOL NURSE MISS AMY LOUISE MERCER  The funeral was held in the St. James Anglican Church,  which she had attended while living in Armstrong. It was an elaborate funeral, with the interior of the church draped in purple and  adorned with flowers of appropriate colour. The service was a  choral one with Mr. Groves presiding at the organ. The Venerable  Archdeacon Greene conducted both the service in the church and  at the graveside. The church was filled to overflowing. Pallbearers  were three members of the School Trustees, namely the  Chairman James "Jim" Wright, Harry Fraser and George Fowler  along with three members of the school staff, Principal of the  Consolidated School, Tbm Aldworth, Principal of the High School  John McLeod, and Vice Principal Bob Garner. The School Nurse  from Vernon, Mrs. Stewart Martin attended, also Miss Hogarth,  and twenty-one members of the Armstrong Women's Institute, all  joining the long procession of cars going to the cemetery.  Following a simple graveside service, Miss Mercer's body was laid  to rest in the Armstrong Cemetery, a beautiful spot on the hillside  overlooking the valley.  An obvious indication of the high esteem in which Amy  Louise Mercer was held is the number of floral tributes at her  funeral. A total of twenty-four are listed in the obituary, and each  one was described as a spray, a pillow, a wreath or a cross, with  the donor being identified in each case. There were tributes from  pupils and staff of the schools, Board of Trustees, Public Health  Committee, Mr. and Mrs. Mat. Hassen, the C.G.I.T., Mayor J.Z.  Parks of Armstrong, Reeve Jim McCallan of Spallumcheen and  Councillors, Vernon Women's Institute, Armstrong Women's  Institute, Miss Mercer's brother and his wife and numerous others.  In spite of all these accolades it remains a mystery why  there was never a proper marker put on her grave. The impact  that Miss Mercer made on the Armstrong Women's Institute and  the entire community in the short time (seven months) that she  lived and worked there is truly amazing. Her memory remained  strong in the minds and hearts of Institute members. The minutes  of the April meeting in 1926 indicate that they planted flowers  and placed a wooden marker on Miss Mercer's grave. In 1928, the  question was again discussed showing concern that no stone had  been placed there, and in 1933 a motion was passed that members  of the Women's Institute care for the grave. In January 1936 it was  decided to set up a fund to purchase a headstone for Miss Mercer's  grave. However it appears that the depression of the 1930's followed by the Second World War made it difficult to carry out this  objective. There is no further mention of Miss Mercer in subsequent minutes. But the fact that she was remembered with such  sincerity by the Armstrong Women's Institute for over ten years  after her death speaks volumes for the work, integrity, character  ohs 175 ARMSTRONG'S WOMEN'S INSTITUTE AND SCHOOL NURSE MISS AMY LOUISE MERCER  Headstone memorial service at Armstrong Cemetery on June 26, 2004. Grand-niece Margaret  Christensen on the left with Rev. Cory Rundell and other members of the extended Mercer family.  (Courtesy Jessie Ann Gamble)  and personality of Amy Louise Mercer, School Nurse.  Amy Louise Mercer  died on June 28th, 1925. June  of 2004 marked seventy-nine  years since her death. It was  also eighty-four years since  the Armstrong Women's  Institute was formed. It  seemed only fitting that the  present Women's Institute  should complete what the  Institute of 1936 was unable  to do, by having a memorial  headstone placed on the  grave of Amy Louise Mercer  R.N. Armstrong's first School  Public Health Nurse. A ceremony to honour the memory  of Miss Mercer took place on  June 26, 2004 with a brief  graveside service followed by  a reception and lunch at St.  James Anglican Church,  Armstrong. Special guests of  the Armstrong Women's Institute were Margaret Christensen of  Invermere, B.C., a granddaughter of Miss Mercer's sister Elizabeth  Harrison, and other members of the Mercer family.  Author Faith Hall beside Amy Louise Mercer's  headstone on June 26, 2004.  (Courtesy Margaret Christensen)  176 ohs KELOWNA CENTRAL LIONS CLUB 60TH ANNIVERSARY  Kelowna Central Lions Club  60th Anniversary  by Charles Pachal  The Kelowna Central Lions Club (then named the Kelowna  Lions Club) was chartered on 21st September, 1945. The  chartering club was the Wenatchee Lions Club. The club was  chartered with eighteen members: D.G. Balsille, Dr. J.A.  Campbell, H.B. Crothers, G. Getterly, W Gordon, C. Hause, G.D.  Emrie, R. Kendall, G.D. Kennedy, J.D. Lane, W.C. Moebes, E.A.  Murcheson, E.J. Purdy, W Robson, G. Sutton, W.J. Symans, H.G.  Tlipman and W Weeks.  As of this date, H.G. Tlipman is still a member of the club.  Deceased members Reg Foote and Jack Ritch attended the charter celebrations and became members immediately afterwards.  The first President of the club was G.D. Emrie and the charter night was held at the Canadian Legion Hall on Thursday,  October 18th 1945.  Interesting personalities who attended the charter night  were: Venerable D.S. Catchpole, Archdeacon of the Okanagan;  Senator Virgil A. Warren, and J.D. Pettigrew, Mayor of Kelowna.  The objectives of the Kelowna Lions Club during this period  were supporting the Boys and Girls Club, Citizenship and  Patriotism, Civic Improvement, Community Betterment,  Education, Health and Welfare, Safety and Sight Conservation and  the Blind.  The first meeting place of the club was the Royal Anne  Hotel until it was destroyed by fire. The club also conducted  many functions throughout the years at the Aquatic Center until  it also was destroyed by fire.  The Kelowna Club sponsored several Lions clubs in the district, some of which are: Penticton, Rutland, Westbank, Peachland  (first Charter) and Lumby.  There are no accurate records available at this time as to all  of the projects that have been sponsored by the club in its early  years. In the years 1960 to 1970, the club did conduct large bingos  at the Kelowna Memorial Arena. These bingos just died a natural  death after the club lost considerable money on the events.  Charles Pachal retired from the Armed Forces and located in Kelowna in  1969. Being a Lion previously to arriving in Kelowna, he joined the Kelowna  Lions Club in January 1970. He has held positions as President, Zone  Chairman and 19-D7 District Governor 1977-78 and Secretary/Treasurer for  the last number of years.  ohs 177 KELOWNA CENTRAL LIONS CLUB 60TH ANNIVERSARY  Another club project was to sponsor a candidate for the Lady  of the Lake promotion. This campaign lasted well into the 1980's.  Very popular projects for fund raising in the years prior to  1960 to approximately 1976 were the provision of concessions at  both the annual Dog Show and the Equestrian annual event.  Since 1945 the club has provided three District Governors in  Lions Multiple District 19, Dr Jim Rankin, Douglas Sutherland  and Charles Pachal.  In 1960, funds from the club helped to purchase a much-  needed sterilizer for the Kelowna General Hospital. During the  same era, the club donated $2,500 for the purchase of a magni  plus lens which makes it possible for persons who still have some  sight to read.  In 1964 the club provided a completely refurbished state of  the art kitchen for the David Lloyd Jones Home.  Other fund raising projects in the early years were the selling of light bulbs door to door, renting parking spaces at the annual Kelowna Regatta, collecting animal hides for shipping to  Vancouver, and sponsoring turkey shoots and concessions at the  Gaylord Show Circus  The club to this day sponsors blind bowling on a regular  basis and provides the annual Christmas dinner for the blind.  Many things change as time goes by, but the Kelowna  Central Lions Club still supports many of the projects that it has  supported for the last sixty years.  Kelowna Lions Executive of 1974 - 1975, 30 years ago.  Top Row (L to R):        Don Johnston; Greg Ammundrud; Peter Kobelka (deceased);  Jack Ritch (deceased); Glen Stewart and Jack Reich (deceased).  Bottom Row (L to R): Henry Markgraf; Charles Pachal; Ron Wilkinson; Darrel Tarves  and RoyTanamura (deceased).  178 ohs HISTORY OF EDUCATION. PENTICTON INDIAN BAND  History of Education  The Past 100 Years  Penticton Indian Band Submission  By: Kathy Pierre  Since the 1930's, it was mandatory for the children of the  Penticton Indian Band to attend a residential school in  Kamloops or Cranbrook, B.C. The students had to ride on the  back of cattle trucks from their reserve community to the residential school. The schools were known as Industrial or  Agricultural Schools because the boys were taught to farm and the  girls were taught home-making skills. It was mandatory for students to attend school up to grade 6 and then they were expected  to work on local farms or get married and become housewives.  The primary goal of the residential school was to Christianize and  assimilate First Nations children into mainstream society. A revision to the Indian Act in 1951 allowed First Nation children to be  integrated into public schools. This did not occur in Penticton  until sometime later. The residential schools operated up until  approximately 1962 when children of the Band were allowed to  attend public school in Penticton.  However, prior to 1951 some of the children did not leave  the Penticton Indian Reserve to obtain an education. A few traditional families refused to send their children to the residential  school; consequently, a Day School was built on the Reserve. It  was a one room school that provided for students from grade one  to six. It was managed by the Department of Indian Affairs  (Federal Government) and the Catholic Church. Indian agents  hired teachers to operate the school. The Penticton Indian Band  Day School was located on the Westside of the Sacred Heart  Catholic Church on the Reserve. The school later became the  Penticton Indian Band Administration Office; however, it burned  down in 1965 or 1966.  The students from Penticton Indian Band began to attend  public school around 1962. The high school drop out rate was a  major problem with few students graduating from high school. In  1978, School District 67 (formerly School District 15) started an  Aboriginal Program to support Aboriginal students. Helen  Gallagher was the first Aboriginal Home School Coordinator. She  worked at Parkway, Snowdon and Princess Margaret Jr. Secondary  For First Nations, education has dramatically changed over the past hundred  years.  ohs 179 HISTORY OF EDUCATION, PENTICTON INDIAN BAND  School. She left the School District in 1985 to pursue a teaching  career through the Native Indian Teachers Education Program at  UBC. After Ms Gallagher, several others known as First Nation  Support Workers followed. They included: Gladys Kruger, Carmen  Pierre, Connie Waters, Forest Funmaker, Lloyd Lecoy, and Wayne  Lizotte. Currently, the following individuals work as First Nation  Support Workers at the Elementary, Middle and Secondary School  level: Ava Allison, Theresa Gabriel, Carmen Baker, Kristine Jack,  JoDee Dagneau and Lorraine Johnson.  In 1986, Bob Searle was hired to oversee an Aboriginal  Program at Penticton Secondary School. He was the first  Aboriginal Resource Teacher. Rob Duncan took over from Mr.  Searle in 1987 until 1992 when Dave Perry took over the position.  Mr. Perry was instrumental in ensuring that First Nation content  courses became part of the high school curriculum. He developed  and introduced First Nations Futures 11 and 12 which are provin-  cially recognized curriculums. In addition, he taught B.C. First  Nations Studies 12 at Penticton Secondary School. Currently, Mr.  Perry continues to provide service to the aboriginal program on a  part time basis. He provides academic, personal and career counseling to aboriginal students at Penticton Secondary School. In  addition, the program has expanded to include additional  Aboriginal Resource Teachers at all levels. Currently, Bonny Lyn  Donavan oversees the Elementary School Program. In addition,  she provides early literacy intervention for aboriginal students  from K-3. Kevin Hearn is a Resource Teacher for Skaha Lake  Middle School and Princess Margaret Secondary School. He provides academic support, personal and career counseling. Past  Aboriginal Resource teachers include: Connie Waters and Kathy  Pierre.  School District 67's Aboriginal program has been evolving  and changing over the past twenty-five years. In 1997, the  Provincial Government provided additional funding to school districts to improve the success rate of aboriginal students. The  funds are known as Targeted Dollars and they are currently being  utilized to expand the program by hiring additional support workers and teachers. At Present, Dave Stigant (Assistant  Superintendent of Schools) oversees the Aboriginal Program.  Currently, twelve schools participate in the program. They  included several schools at the elementary level, KVR and Skaha  Lake Middle School, Princess Margaret and Penticton Secondary  School.  The Penticton Indian Band's involvement in the education  of their children has evolved over the past seventy years. In the  early 1960's, after students were permitted to attend public  schools, the Department of Indian Affairs dictated the affairs of  the First Nation Bands in the Okanagan. They operated from a  central office located in Vernon, B.C. However, in the early 1970's,  Bands were allowed to handle their own educational programs.  180 ohs HISTORY OF EDUCATION, PENTICTON INDIAN BAND  The Department of Indian Affairs appointed an agent to oversee  education for the Band. Don Jenkins was the First Education  Coordinator. He was followed by Stewart Phillip in 1974. Since Mr  Phillip, the following individuals have held the position: Emory  Gabriel, Vera Gabriel, Verna Eneas, Dr. Ben Thomas, Rick Poitras,  Florence McArthur, Elaine Kruger, Connie Waters and currently,  Kathy Pierre.  Verna Eneas was the driving force behind initiating the first  Penticton Indian Band School since the Penticton Indian Band  Day School. She started an alternate school program in 1985. It  was called, Soorimpt Alternate School after a past, great chief of  the Penticton Indian Band. The school provided an elementary/early high school program; however, it closed after a few  years. In 1992, a few concerned parents approached the Director  of Education, Rick Poitras. They wanted to start another Band  School with an emphasis on Okanagan language and culture. The  school became known as Outma Squilxw Cultural School.  Currently, it continues to operate and offers programs from K-12.  In 1994, Florence McArthur, who was the Director of Education  for the Band, did a needs assessment survey. It was determined  that the Penticton Indian Band Community required an Adult  Education Program so that individuals could complete the prerequisites required to enter post secondary programs.  Consequently, Ms McArthur started an Adult Education Program.  Currently, the  Penticton Indian Band  continues to provide  educational services to  its membership. The  programs have expanded  to include computer  classes, life skills, adult  upgrading, short term  certificate programs, language and culture, high  school and elementary  school programs. In  addition, the Band is at  the planning stages of  building a new school in  the community. Indian  and Northern Affairs  Canada will provide  funding commencing  April 2005. The grand  opening of the new  school is projected for  September 2007.  CLASSROOM PICTURE.  Top Row (L to R):       Lloyd Lezard, Chris Kruger,  Thomas Kruger, Morris Kruger,  Ethel Kruger, Mary Kruger.  Middle Row (L to R): Adam Eneas, Mary Ann Gabriel,  Sophie Alex, Margaret Gabriel.  Bottom Row (L to R): Donna Kruger, Tommy Alex,  Frank Kruger, Lorainne Antoine.  OHS 181 1 FAMILIES RECORD THEIR HISTORY  1  The S  NOWSELLS  Of  I  Glenmore  JACK  - 1911 - 1998  REBA - 1914 - 2002  by Val (Snowsell) Moore  j  ack Snowsell was born in Sedgewick, Alberta, on November 8,  1911, the second son and third child of Edwin and Felicia  Snowsell. Five months earlier,  in June of 1911, his parents had  decided to leave the family flour  milling and grain importing business in Cirencester, Gloucestershire,  England.   They bought  a  "ready  made farm" in Sedgewick, under  the   CPR  Settlers'   program,   and  with  Jack's   elder brother  Frank  and  sister  Betty,   immigrated  to  Canada.    For   people   like   the  Snowsells, life was hard on these  farms. Before coming to Canada,  Felicia, a teacher in England, had  never   cooked   a   meal,   washed  clothes or done any other household duties. Edwin had never done  any  farming  or  other  physical  work, handled horses or any other  animals.  For     fourteen     years     they    Poster to encourage immigration to  struggled to make a living on their   Canada- (Cmrtesy Ka^e Benzer)  farm. Finally in 1925 they walked off the farm, sold everything at  auction, and moved to Kelowna to work with Edwin's brother,  Harry Snowsell, on the Bankhead properties.  Although written by Val Moore, this piece was a collaborative effort of the  four daughters of Jack and Reba Snowsell. Kaye Benzer, Judy Ohs and Sue  Wolfe have spent all their lives in the Kelowna area, while Val and her husband travelled the province with the Bank of Commerce until they retired to  Kelowna in 1995.  182 ohs THE SNOWSELLS OF GLENMORE  By this time the family included four children - Frank,  Betty, Jack and James.  Late in 1925 the family moved to the Johnson property,  which lay between the Glenmore Ranch and the Watson Orchard  on Glenmore Road, now the Dallas subdivision. In 1927 they left  the Johnson property and for the next two years worked on the  Dalgleish Ranch in Rutland, then operated by the Okanagan  Packers. In 1929 the Snowsell family bought the Drysdale Orchard  on Valley Road in Glenmore and lived in a rented house on the  Ritchie Orchard, adjacent to the Drysdale Orchard. In 1930 this  house burned down, destroying everything in it, including all  mementos and pictures of their lives in England and Sedgewick,  Alberta. The only things saved were the clothes on their backs  and a silver tea service that they had taken to a Community Club  tea. It was at this time that the Snowsells bought the Shanley Kerr  property on the west side of Glenmore Road, about half a mile  south of the intersection of Glenmore Road and Scenic Road. This  property remained their home until after Mr. Snowsell's death in  1948. Through the years, between them, Jack, his father Edwin  and brother Jim, owned or managed over 100 acres of orchard  land in Glenmore.  In 1930 at the age of nineteen Jack met Reba Hicks at some  of the Glenmore Community functions and became enamored  with the beautiful Irish lass. After a courtship of five years, they  were married on November 23, 1935.  fe--  }Sl      ^tggsufi  k       1 ■■  ''"....   Efrisr 1  ■6^ *     ;  Home of the Jack Snowsell Family from 1935  (Courtesy Judy Ohs)  1976.  ohs 183 THE SNOWSELLS OF GLENMORE  Reba was born in Belfast, Ireland, on August 28, 1914, the second daughter of William and Mary Hicks. In 1920, William  and Mary, along with daughters Dorothy and Reba, left the  family business, a linen thread factory, and immigrated to  Canada. In 1921, after brief stays with family in both Alberta and  Vancouver, the Hicks family arrived in Kelowna. William bought  an orchard on Glenmore Road (where the Mormon Church currently stands), and became, at age forty-four, a farmer. William  and Mary came from a softer life, having always had a maid, cook,  nanny and gardener, but in their forties became farmers, learning  through trial and error and the help of friends. Reba grew up on  this property, attending school in the old Glenmore School that  stood just south of where the Irrigation District office on  Glenmore Road is now. In 1932 she graduated from Kelowna High  School on Glenn Avenue.  When Jack and Reba married, they bought the Ryall orchard  on Scenic Road, where they lived until Jack's retirement in 1976.  In addition to the orchard on Scenic Road, Jack had a second  orchard on Sexsmith Road, as well as hayfields and a feedlot  where the Curtis Road subdivision is now. He also ran a feedlot  and grew alfalfa on acreage between the current Kelowna Springs  Golf Club and the Old Vernon Road. During the war years, as well  as tending to his own properties, he ran his brother Jim's orchards  in Glenmore while Jim was flying for the R.C.A.F. While Jack was  busy raising cattle and growing fruit, Reba settled into the role of  farmer's wife in the house on Scenic Road. Here she raised four  girls, had large vegetable and flower gardens and helped Jack with  farming chores, and of course there were always chickens, horses,  dogs and cats to tend to. Prior to her marriage, Reba had worked  at the KGE packinghouse, which she also did on occasion after  marriage.  Through his farming years Jack was active in the community. He was on the board of the Glenmore Irrigation District and  very active locally and provincially in the CCF party, helping to  run the campaign for O.L. Jones for a seat in Parliament in the  1950's. Jack's interest in politics began at quite a young age with  his mother, Felicia's involvement with the local CCF party.  Although not as active in politics as Jack was, Reba supported all  he did, scrutineering at elections, driving people to the polls on  election day, and being active in any number of other activities.  Jack was also very sports minded, playing volleyball, softball  and basketball. The highlight of his sporting life came in 1937,  when he played on the City basketball team in an exhibition game  against the original Harlem Globetrotters. He always said he  thought he was a pretty good basketball player until he played the  Globetrotters, but after that decided it would probably be best if he  didn't try to make a living that way. Because of his love of sports,  Jack enjoyed coaching local children in softball and volleyball, an  activity he kept up for many years. Reba and he were also very  184 ohs THE SNOWSELLS OF GLENMORE  involved with the Glenmore Community Club, helping to organize a variety of activities, including card parties and box socials,  and helping to run square dances in the Glenmore Elementary  School. Reba was particularly active in the drama club, acting in  many plays put on for the community.  Along with his involvement in the community, Jack was a  hard working orchardist, very proud of the fruit he grew and  never satisfied with anything but the best. John Bach, a long time  employee of the Rutland KGE packinghouse said, "Jack was the  best grower who ever shipped to us. He provided top quality produce in top condition, and was always on time."  In 1976 Jack decided it was time to retire, and so they sold  the family farm and moved to Lakeview Heights, where they lived  for eighteen years before returning to Kelowna in 1995. After  retirement they continued their love of travelling with more trips  around B.C., as well as spending many years of three to four  month winter sojourns to Arizona, other parts of the States and  Jack and Reba Snowsell. (Courtesy Judy Ohs)  more far flung parts of the world. They became avid rock hounds  and golfers, pursuits they also enjoyed during their holidays.  After eighty-seven years of a full and happy life and sixty-  three years of marriage to his beloved Reba, Jack passed away on  December 17, 1998, at home in Kelowna. He was predeceasedby  his brother Jim in 1957, son-in-law Bill Horkoff in 1990 and sister  Betty Geen in September 1998. Although she missed Jack, Reba  continued to enjoy life until she passed away in January 2002  after a short illness. She was predeceased by her sister Dorothy  Hubbard in 1985. Jack and Reba were survived by Jack's older  brother Frank (who passed away in 2003), and daughters Kaye  (Ernie) Benzer, Judy (Horkoff) Ohs (whose second husband Frank  passed away in 2003), Val (Bruce) Moore and Sue (Gordon) Wolfe  all of Kelowna. They were also survived by twelve grandchildren  (granddaughter Diana (Moore) Flanders passed away in 2004),  and twenty-two great-grandchildren.  ohs 185 THE RUNACRES FAMILY  The Runacres Family  by Merle (Runacres) Griffin  In March of 1905, my grandparents, William Jr. and Matilda  Runacres sold their "Blue House" Barling Home in England  and auctioned the contents. With six of their seven children,  Mabel Lavinia, Philip William, Edgar, my father Forrest Archibald,  Winnifred Amelia and Gilbert Goodwin, they travelled by train to  Liverpool and sailed to Canada on the maiden voyage of the  "R.M.S. Virginian." Another daughter, Gertrude Alice, remained in  England for a year or so, working as a housemaid. It was a seven-  day crossing and they "were on the high seas on St. Patrick's Day".  My grandmother, Matilda, was very seasick and had special meals  brought to her. The only family members not seasick were my  father and grandfather. However, there were many others who  were. Indeed, one person died and was buried at sea. During the  crossing, they saw icebergs, whales, flying fish, dolphins, sharks,  porpoises, etc. Because Matilda Runacres was so seasick, the  Captain advised them to disembark at Halifax, Nova Scotia,  instead of Quebec.  The Runacres arrived in Canada with twenty-two pieces of  luggage. From Halifax, they travelled to MacGregor, Manitoba,  where they farmed for about three years. Gertrude arrived in  1906, and that same year, my father, Forrest, got scarlet fever. The  doctor's name was Dr. R.J. Haworth, and in 1907, Gert and Dr.  Haworth were married. My grandfather, William Jr., learned that  he had bowel cancer and spent some time in hospital in  Winnipeg. He was told that "cancer was slower growing in British  Columbia," and so in 1908 they moved to New Westminster, B.C.  However, the cancer did spread, and William Runacres Jr. died in  1909 at the age of fifty-four years (Grandma died on the same day  exactly forty years later).  Merle (Runacres) Griffin was born in the Kitsilano district of Vancouver in  1925. In March 1930, Merle, her parents and her two brothers moved to  Westbank, B.C., travelling by train, and then the S.S. Sicamous to Westbank.  They moved to Penticton in 1932, and then back to Westbank in the same  year. She worked for a short time in Vancouver in 1945, after which she took  a business course at Herbert's Business School, then worked at B.C. Tree  Fruits for a while. In 1947, she married Fred Griffin, who has since passed  away. At the present time, Merle resides in Westbank.  186 ohs THE RUNACRES FAMILY  In 1911, my father's sister, Mabel, married Charles B.  Darwin, a high school teacher, in Vancouver. During this time, the  family members worked to help their parents. For about three  years, my father worked at Royal City Planer Mills for $2.00 per  day. Then he took a job as teller at Merchant's Bank, and then  worked in a laundry, where he met Marion White of Calgary,  Alberta. They were married on August 5, 1911, and in September  went to Calgary with Marion's father. Forrest worked in the surrounding areas of Medicine Hat, Banff, Bassano Dam, etc. for  Bennett & White Construction Co. Marion died about three and  one-half years after they were married.  In November 1917, my father enlisted in the Army in the  49th Edmonton Regiment, and embarked with the troops from  Canada on February 19,  1918, aboard the "S.S.  Melita." They disembarked in England on  March 4, 1918, and went  to a camp in Bramshott,  four miles from Epsom.  They practised marching from Badshott to  Aldershott, and were  given a course in Lewis  machine guns; Father  attained a "first class" rating.  In May 1918, the  soldiers arrived at  Calais in France, and  were soon taken to the  front lines. My father  took part in the battles  of the Somme, Ypres  and Passchendaele. It was often very muddy in the trenches and  for their rations they received hard tack (biscuits), cheese, tins of  sardines, bully beef, and sometimes canned beans. Forrest was  "over the top" fourteen times and also did sniper duty. One time  on sniper duty with his chum "Kar," the enemy was marching and  shots were coming from a hedge and "Kar" was killed. My father  said that it was awful seeing your chums dying all around you.  My father received more parcels from home than any of the  soldiers around him, and they would all cluster around him saying, "Here's 'Run' with a parcel from home again." My grandmother was very faithful in sending parcels regularly, and father  sent his pay-cheques home to her. One time a soldier received a  parcel from his mother, containing steaks; they were full of maggots! My father remembered a wounded German soldier crawling  on his hands and knees, and some were shooting at him. The sol-  Bessie Runacres with Merle, Malcolm and Keith at 3843  Dunbar St., Vancouver, B.C., May 1929.  (Courtesy Merle Griffin)  OHS 187 THE RUNACRES FAMILY  dier asked them to kill him, but they didn't, and a little while later  he was laughing and joking with the Canadians. One of the  Frenchmen said that they would "just as soon have the Germans  as you guys (Canadians)."  JpW^^^I  rs iJ  W^Sm  (T   j j  •4  M  "i  Hwl                1    W:^M  .^Al                               ^^-  ■j            M  L| J  J9  BR ,-*•'                    <^B  He                   aH  /    ?  |  i  i     i  The Runacres Family, 1942. Merle, Malcolm, Forrest A. Runacres, Keith, Bessie Runacres.  (Courtesy Merle (Runacres) Griffin)  One time there was a big shell hole, called "funk holes", and  six or seven officers were in the shell hole looking at maps when  a shell came amongst them and killed some. My father had dug  his own foxhole. One "Shannon" from Manitoba ordered my father  out of the foxhole but he refused to come out, so Shannon, in  anger, threw his gun at him. Shannon was injured, with blood  dripping down his face. Forrest was in Mons, Belgium, when the  Armistice was signed. Returning to London, the soldiers were sent  to dormitories. In early January 1919, with tonsillitis and a temperature of 103 degrees, my father spent some time in Chester  Hospital. He remembered: "We were sent to Ripon (beyond  Bradford) for about two months. We spent some time in Ritter,  Yorkshire and Chesterfield, Derbyshire, then were sent to Rhyl,  Wales, on the seacoast in the Colwyn Bay area. It was very windy  there - pretty near blew us off our feet! We had to wait for a boat.  The Germans sank most of the vessels. Finally, we came home to  Canada, leaving from Liverpool on May 21, 1919, on the 'Celtic'  ship."  Arriving back in Calgary, Alberta, at the home of Mr. and  Mrs. William White, my father met Bessie Dunfield, who was  boarding at the White's. She was a stenographer at Ashdown's  Hardware Co. in Calgary. In late 1922, Bessie, now engaged to  Forrest, went as a travelling companion with her Aunt, who was  going to keep house for her brother in Glendale, California. While  188 ohs THE RUNACRES FAMILY  there, Bessie could not get permanent work (being a Canadian),  so over a ten month period, she did "Girl Friday" work for a week  or two at a time. In late summer of 1923, she returned to Canada,  and Forrest Runacres and Bessie Dunfield were married on  December 26, 1923, in Delia, Alberta. They travelled by train to  Calgary, and then via Jasper to Vancouver. They lived on Knight  Road, Granville Street, then McLain Drive. My father worked at  Hanbury's Sawmill on False Creek Flats in Vancouver. I was born  in the Kitsilano district on July 23, 1925. The family next moved  to 6th Avenue near False Creek, then to Dunbar Street. Malcolm  was born on July 22, 1927, and Keith was born May 4, 1928. My  father continued to work at Hanbury's Sawmill. In 1929, the year  of the Depression, he wanted to make a move and go farming.  While she was attending Normal School, Helen Gorman, my  cousin, boarded with us until February 1930. On March 1, 1930,  the Runacres family arrived in Westbank, after travelling by train  to Summerland, and by the S.S. Sicamous to the Westbank wharf.  Helen's parents, Eva and Milt Gorman, met us there. My father  and Uncle Milt rode in the wagon with the luggage, pulled by a  team of horses, and my mother and Aunt Eva, along with the  three children, rode in the buggy, pulled by "Kit" the horse, to the  Gorman residence in Glenrosa. My mother's sister, Bella, and her  husband, Monty Hussey, also lived nearby in Glenrosa. We stayed  with the Gormans for several months, and then moved into a  small four-roomed house owned by Mr. Grieve Elliot at the end of  what is now Elliot Road. We had a cow, and Mother made our own  butter. My father grew tomatoes and onions on a partnership basis  with Mr. Elliot. This was tedious, backbreaking work with long  hours in hot weather. It was Depression time, so "we came out the  poorer!"  Sometimes we  walked to  Glenrosa,   crossing  Powers  c. 1942, Forrest A. Runacres Home from 1936 to 1965 - now Cattle Country Restaurant  parking lot.  (Courtesy Merle Griffin)  OHS 189 THE RUNACRES FAMILY  Creek, with Father carrying each of the family across separately,  walking on stones or logs.  In February 1932, Forrest and Bessie Runacres, with their  children Merle, Malcolm and Keith, moved to Winnipeg Street,  Penticton. Mother took in boarders, while Father worked for a  dairy owned by Mr. Kilgard. With his 1925 Chev touring car, he  delivered milk door-to-door. He greatly disliked this type of work,  and so we soon moved  back to Westbank to a  house owned by Captain  Browne on the property  above his home (the house  where Clare Small now  lives). It was situated on  the hill west of Browne's  house, and there was also a  barn still further west.  Captain Browne had a  dairy and delivered milk in  Westbank. My brothers and  I often watched the Browne  boys, Frank and Barney,  doing the milking, and  many times rode on the  hay wagon.  My mother washed  milk bottles for Browne's  Dairy, which covered the  $15.00 per month rent for  the house. Father did what  work   was    available:    in  orchards for Mr. Grieve Elliot and Mr. J.H. Griffin, and also for the  Public Works with pick and shovel, building and repairing wooden bridges, etc. At the Browne's, they also had a cow, as well as a  pig and a calf each year for meat. Father made sausage, bacon and  headcheese from recipes handed down from his family.  In those days we experienced hot summers. I remember the  mosquitoes and the bats that flew around in the unfinished  upstairs of the house. We were afraid of rattlesnakes as we walked  in tall grass. There were evergreens around the house, and in the  springtime, robins and bluebirds in their nests. There was always  a good garden, and so a good supply of canned vegetables for the  winter. During the winter my father and other men went to  Hardy's Lake to cut ice, and this was hauled home to the icehouse,  where it was packed in sawdust to prevent it from melting. The  frozen blocks were used in the ice-cooler in the summer, which  served as a fridge would today.  Forrest A. Runacres - 90th birthday, July 21, 1980.  (Courtesy Merle Griffin)  190 ohs THE RUNACRES FAMILY  In 1936, my parents traded the house they still owned in  Vancouver, plus one-third of the crop for three years, for a 9.2 acre  orchard with an old house, owned by Mr. K. Iwashita. It was located on the highway that went through Westbank, and is now the  site of Westwind Village, Defray and Solar Roads. The old house  stood where the parking lot is, just west of Cattle Country  Restaurant.  Father worked hard and turned the ill-kept orchard into a  profitable business. We still had a cow, and each year still raised a  calf and a pig for meat. Later on, my father bought a horse and  hauled the fruit to the packinghouse. My brothers and I helped in  the orchard, and each year picked up prunings after school and  had a big bonfire. That was the best part! Mother and we children  made apple boxes during the summer, and piled them around the  yard in readiness for apple picking in September. During the summer months, after the chores were done, Malcolm, Keith and I  went swimming down at the lake every day except Sunday. We  walked both ways, but we didn't mind! People who had cows let  them out to roam for feed during the summer, and it was the boys'  job to find our cow and bring her home. Occasionally, she came  home on her own.  In 1965 Father retired from orchard work and sold the  orchard. On the southwest corner of the property he kept a lot  and built a new house. He continued gardening, often taking vegetables to his friends. Several times daily, he walked downtown,  and often visited the elderly, helping where he could. Mother  froze and canned fruit and vegetables as long as she lived. She too  visited folks and gave a helping hand where needed. Coming from  a musical family, Father was a good singer and loved to play the  "mouth organ" (harmonica). My father, Forest Archibald  Runacres, passed away on January 8, 1982, in his ninety-second  year. My mother, Bessie Runacres, passed away on June 25, 1993,  one week after her ninety-second birthday. Both were buried in  the Westbank Cemetery. They are survived by all three of their  children, Merle (Runacres) Griffin and Malcolm (Betty) Runacres  in Westbank, and Keith (Liz) Runacres in Campbell River, B.C.  Also surviving are seven grandchildren, ten great-grandchildren  and two step-great-grandchildren. Son-in-law, Fred Griffin, passed  away in October 1979 and grandson, Clinton Griffin, passed away  in August 1986. They are also buried in Westbank Cemetery.  Members of the Runacres family are still part of the Westbank  community.  ohs 191 THE DAWE FAMILY  The Dawe Family  by Muriel (Dawe) Davies  T  -^he members of the Dawe family were all born in  Newfoundland, as were their mother and father, their  grandparents, and their great-grandfather, dating back to  1595 - only twelve years after Newfoundland was claimed for  England. They settled in Port de Grane.  As  their  parents'   generation  married,   they  settled  on  Conception Bay near Barneed, on what became known as Dawes  Head. Isaac married Susannah Mercer, and they were the parents  of the Dawe family that came to Vernon in 1912.  ISAAC DAWE SUSANNAH (MERCER) DAWE  Born July 18, 1853, Ship Cove, Nfld. Born Sept. 27, 1858, Nfld.  Died Sept. 23, 1901 (48 years old) Died Nov. 10, 1930 (72 years old)  Buried in Bareneed Church Yard, Nfld. Buried in Pleasant Valley Cemetery, Vernon  (Courtesy Muriel Davies)  The children were Elizabeth (Lizzie), William, Ethel, Isaac  and Stanley. Their father was a fisherman, as were his brothers  and cousins who settled on Dawes Head. The children all had a  happy childhood and attended the Methodist school and church  in Barneed, just up the Pond Hill from Dawes Head.  This history was presented at Vernon by Allan and Muriel (Dawe) Davies to  the Friends of History on April 7, 2005  192 ohs THE DAWE FAMILY  Their lives all changed when their father became ill. He died  in St. John's Hospital at the age of forty-eight years. The following  years were hard for the family. William, at seventeen, went to  work in the mines on Belle Isle to support the family. There was  no family assistance. Isaac left school at thirteen to get whatever  jobs he could at five cents an hour. He helped his mother plant  her garden, and store the produce in the root cellar in the fall.  They dried fish and had a cow and chickens.  Ethel and Stanley stayed in school.  Lizzie was nineteen, and was a  Lieutenant in the Salvation Army.  In   1908   she   was   sent,   as   a  Captain,   to   the   new   Army  Citadel in Vernon, B.C. Here  she   met   Maurice   Mitchell,  who played the tuba in the  Salvation Army Band. It must  have been love at first sight,  for   they   were   married   in  August   1908.   The   Salvation  Army   held   services   every  Saturday night on the Hudson  Bay corner; the band played the  hymns.  At fourteen, Isaac went on the  fishing  schooner  to   Labrador.   They  were gone from May to September. Lizzie Dawe and  He   brought   home    $75.00    for   his     Maurice Mitchell, c. 1908.  mother.    Meanwhile    Will    Went    tO       (Courtesy Muriel Davies)  Bangor, near Boston in the United States, and worked in a lumber  mill. It paid more than the mines. Isaac went two more summers  to Labrador. The first trip, they were loaded with salt to preserve  the fish. A terrific storm came up and the Captain ordered the salt  to be thrown overboard or they would all be lost. The next year he  sailed with Captain George Richards, whose daughter, Mary, was  Isaac's childhood sweetheart. Another terrific storm came up and  Captain George asked for a volunteer to secure the top mast. Not  wanting to look like a coward, Isaac volunteered. While he was up  there he vowed that if he ever made it home safely, he would  never go to sea again. He never did!  The following year Isaac went to Bangor where Will was  working. At seventeen he was very slight for his age, and the men  said he would never get a job because they needed strong men.  Not to be daunted, he borrowed an extra jacket and pants and put  ohs 193 THE dawe family  them on top of his own clothes so he would look bigger. He was  hired, and proved his worth for the next three years.  Stanley received his education and became a school teacher.  The year he finished school he decided to try fishing, but he  became violently seasick and gave it up. He found teaching more  to his liking. He also did Lay Ministry and Sunday School work in  the outposts where he was teaching.  About this time, c 1911, Lizzie was sending home such glowing reports of the growing town of Vernon, and the job opportunities in the area, that the family decided to move to this wonderful town. It was a big move for Susannah, but the family wouldn't come without her.  Isaac married his childhood sweetheart, Mary Richards, who  was a school teacher in Newfoundland. They had a baby daughter,  Alma. Because Alma was a sickly child with rickets, it was decided that Mary and Alma would stay with Mary's parents until Alma  became stronger. Alma was two years old when Mary joined Isaac  in Vernon. There were many Chinese in Vernon, and Isaac and  Stanley were helping in the Chinese Mission. When Mary came,  she taught English there. She taught us to sing "In The Sweet By  and By" in Chinese.  Lizzie's husband, Maurice, was a plasterer and bricklayer by  trade; Isaac and Will worked with him when they first came out.  Maurice did the plaster work on St. James Catholic Church, but  lost the bid for the Court House. The first house Isaac and Will  worked on was Count Caetani's. They also decorated a float for  the Labour Day Parade. Lizzie and Maurice had one daughter,  Olive.  Will met and married Lily Phillips.  When World War I broke out, Stanley joined up. In 1915 he  was in the Canadian Medical Corps in England, and was the first  to use violet ray therapy and massage. In 1919 he returned to  Canada with his wife, Marjorie Upson, and year old twins Lynette  and Barbara. He worked for the Soldier Settlement Board and at  Unity Fruit Packing House.  Isaac had a heart problem and was unable to join the army.  While Stanley was overseas, Isaac and William went to work for  A.T. Howe, who owned acres of orchard in the Coldstream. They  were both provided with houses on the property. That is where  Isaac, Mary and Alma were living when Muriel was born. When  the Army Camp was on Mission Hill, Isaac and Will put up a big  tent and served fish and chips to the soldiers. This was a family  affair. While Will and Isaac did the cooking, Mary, Lily, and her  sister, Nell, waited on the soldiers. Isaac tells of the time they  194 ohs THE DAWE FAMILY  were unable to get more fish and they bought liver instead. When  the liver was dropped into the hot fat it turned to rubber. One soldier said to his dog, "No use begging for it, Jack, you won't be able  to chew it either!"  In 1916 Ethel married Walter Rolston, who owned Rolston's  Bakery and Cafe - two doors down from the Post Office on  Barnard Avenue. They baked all their own bread and buns and  specialized in Wedding Cakes and making chocolates. They had  two children, Marjorie and Roderick. Marjorie was one of  Vernon's May Queens and rode in Mrs. Minty's coach, pulled by  horses.  Lizzie and Maurice had another daughter, Bernice. Lizzie  and Maurice moved to Vancouver with their daughters, Olive and  Bernice and adopted daughter Agnes. Lizzie continued in the  Salvation Army and Maurice did well in the building trade.  After the war and for the next five years, Will, Isaac and  Stanley farmed together on a farm next to the BX Ranch. The  three families lived on  the property and  when they were there,  Helen was born to  Will and Lily; Arthur  was born to Stanley  and Marjorie, and  Myra was born to  Isaac and Mary.  In 1926 the three  brothers made another  move. Stanley settled  in the BX, where over  the years, Kathleen  "Kay", Gerald and  Sharon were born.  Will and Isaac went  into partnership on a  160 acre ranch in  Lavington - fifty acres  in bearing orchard  and the rest in hay,  grain and potatoes. In  1927 Allan was born.  In     1930     Susannah  Alma, Isaac, Mary, Myra, Muriel, in Lavington, 1926.  (Courtesy Muriel Davies)  OHS 195 THE DAWE FAMILY  At this time, the apple pickers were mostly native Indians  from the Reserve. They would come with their tents, children,  horses and dogs. Not many of them spoke English, and so they  would have a long string, and every time they picked a box of  apples, they would tie a knot in the string. At the end of the day  they would come to the house and Isaac would count the knots  and mark it in his book. They did the same when picking up sacks  of potatoes. Isaac was careful not to pay them in full until the  work was finished, because if he did, they would pack up and  leave. There was one old Indian lady we all called "Gramma  Indian." She would come to the door when they were ready to  leave; she would hug herself and shiver, so Mary would find some  warm clothes for her.  During the depression there was very little money, but no  one ever went hungry. There was very little market for the fruit,  so instead of letting it rot on the ground, Will and Isaac loaded the  fruit into boxcars at the Lavington Train siding and sent it to the  Prairies.  When the economy picked up, the brothers formed a shipping company called Dawe Bros. They packed and shipped their  own fruit. They  employed packers,  sorters and box makers  and started a small  mill where they sawed  the parts for the boxes.  Alma and Muriel made  boxes first, then later  Myra, Allan and Helen  did. They could make  fifty to sixty boxes an  hour, with twenty-four  nails to a box - that's  over 12,000 nails in a  ten hour day. They were  paid seventy-five cents  per 100 boxes. Almost  forty to fifty years  later, in 1983, Arthur  Dawe took a picture of  one of our boxes in the  CNR Museum in  Calgary. One year they  Dawe Bros. Apple Box in Calgary C.N.R. Museum. shinned    Over    40 000  Taken by Arthus Dawe, 1983. '  (Courtesy Muriel Davies)  196 ofis THE DAWE FAMILY  boxes - a big operation for a small ranch. Stanley obtained the  orders from England and the Prairies.  Stanley continued with his Lay Preaching and travelled to  Oyama, the Commonage and Okanagan Landing by horse and  buggy. In 1929 he started as the new General Superintendent of  the United Church Sunday School. His wife, Marjorie, was very  resourceful in helping her husband with skits, games and projects.  She was also very involved with the Ladies of the Church and  Missions. When Stanley retired he was presented with a gold pin  especially designed and inscribed by the Sunday School.  William and Lily built a house across the road from the original farm house where Isaac and Mary lived. Lily belonged to the  musical Phillips family, and their house was often filled with the  sounds of music and singing. Their daughter, Helen, had a beautiful voice and won top marks in the B.C. Singing Festival.  When Isaac and Mary first came to Vernon they attended the  Methodist Church, and later the United Church. When they  moved to Lavington, Isaac began a life-long career as a Lay  Preacher. For years he travelled to Lumby and outlying areas of  Blue Springs, Trinity Valley and Shuswap in the afternoons on  Sundays to hold services and Sunday School in their school houses.  For over fifty years, on Sunday mornings, he taught Sunday  School in the Lavington school house. Isaac's first car was a Grey-  Dart touring, and when he drove it he must have lived by faith  and prayer - either the brakes failed, or the steering broke. He  always carried bailing wire. That would fix anything!  Both Will and Isaac and their wives were very active in the  social life of the Lavington Community, and took part in the  P.T.A., concerts and box socials. Mary and Lily belonged to the  Ladies Aid.  In 1950 Tbny Hutnyk came to live with Mary and Isaac, and  at about the same time Alex and Jo-Anne McBride came to live  with Lily and Will. These children grew up to be important members of the Dawe families. Lily died about 1955, and later Will  married Dorothea Crowe.  Isaac loved children. In the early winters Isaac could be  found flooding the school rink until midnight, so the children  would have fresh smooth ice for the following day's skating. He  loved skating too.  In 1937 Isaac and Will purchased the first school bus in the  Lavington Coldstream area to transport junior and senior high students to Vernon.  ohs 197 THE DAWE FAMILY  Isaac with Dawe Bros. School Bus. It was the first bus in Lavington-Coldstream used to transport senior and junior high students to Vernon, c. 1937.  (Courtesy Muriel Davies)  In 1948 Isaac drove the first Lavington May Queen,  Charlene Dredge, and her attendants from the school house to the  new community hall. He had a new 1947 Pontiac. For over forty  years Isaac or Will escorted the May Queen to the podium. The  other escort for the Retiring Queen was Paddy Hill.  Isaac belonged to the Gideon Society of Vernon for over thirty  years, and for fifteen of those he spoke on behalf of the Gideons  as their Chaplain, and travelled from Revelstoke to Summerland.  He was given a Life Membership. He also was a member of the  Salvation Army League of Mercy and spoke and sang in all the  Vernon Rest Homes. He had a wonderful singing voice.  Mary loved to knit and for twenty years she knitted hundreds of children's sweaters that were sent by the Lavington  Ladies Work Group with their shipments to U.S.C. - an organization founded by Dr. Lotta Hitchmanova, to feed and clothe children in the third world countries. She knit twenty-seven sweaters  the winter she was eighty-three years old.  When Mary died the following year, Isaac decided to do  something to carry on helping children. He began writing poetry  and published five books called "Poems of Love and Faith." At  ninety-seven, from donations for his books, he had sent  $10,083.00 to U.S.C. to feed hungry children.  Isaac and Will remained partners for forty-seven years and  in 1973 sold the last of their property. Will and Dorothea moved  to Kalavista in the Coldstream, and Isaac and Mary moved to  198 ohs THE DAWE FAMILY  Apple blossoms on Dawe Bros. Orchard, Lavington, B.C., c. 1947.  (Courtesy Muriel Davies)  Freeman Drive in  Lavington. Mary died in  1975, and after a few  years Isaac went to live  in Gateby Rest Home.  There he found a new  lease on life and took  part in many of the  activities. He held his  own church service for  an amazing turnout of  residents until his death  in 1990.  Both Lizzie and  Ethel died of cancer in  their early seventies.  Will and Isaac were both  ninety-nine years, and  Stanley was ninety-  seven.  I'm sure they left  their mark in the lives of  many.  .#   " &  yt  U 1     f  L to R: THE DAWES - Stanley, Isaac, William,  Marjorie, Mary, Dorothea.  (Courtesy Muriel Davies)  OHS 199 NEW BOOKS OF INTEREST TO OUR READERS  New Books of Interest  To Our Readers  Skaha Crossing -  An Okanagan Story, Vol 1 (of a trilogy) by Elizabeth Pryce.  Colourful historical-fiction depicts the fur trade era with its enormous horse brigades, from Fort St. James to old Spokane House,  and settlement in the South Okanagan. The story compassionately bridges the cultures of the Okanagan Indians and White  Settlers, in a changing way of life for both throughout 1815 to  1870.  Orders: Penticton Museum; Wild Goat Gift Shop, Hedley;  Elizabeth Bork 1-250-497-8088 and Trafford Publishing,  Victoria, www,trafford.com or 1-888-232-4444 Cost: $27.95  An Okanagan History: The Diaries of Roger John  Sugars. 1905-1919. "Roger's writings offer a window on technology,  on the social setting, on world views, and on pioneer personalities that  have helped build the fabric of our community." Wayne Wilson,  Executive Director, Kelowna Museum  "These are the thoughts of a young man, learning life in the  wilds of the interior of British Columbia - commenting on the social  and political events of the day leading to the beginning of the First  World War. His diaries are the Okanagan's "Sunshine Sketches". Mike  Roberts. CHBC News  "This is a window to our past, a link with our history...As a  reader, a history buff, an Okanagan resident, a newspaper reporter  and an outdoors lover, I found them simply fascinating." Judie  Steeves, Staff Reporter, Kelowna Capital News.  Publishing Date: Summer 2005 Orders: John Sugars 707-  1551, Mosaic Books, Okanagan Museum Cost: $24.95  Mines of the Eagle Country, Nickel Plate & Mascot. A  Century of Gold Mining in the Historic Similkameen by  Doug Cox. A comprehensive documentary with many historical  photographs, this book details the Nickel Plate and Mascot Mines.  It features trucks on the "old" perilous Nickel Plate Road, hauling  for the Kelowna Explorations Ltd.; freighting ore concentrate to  Okanagan Lake wharf; miners on the Dickson Incline; and the  Daly Concentrator Mill at Hedley.  Orders: Wild Goat Gift Shop, Hedley; Penticton Books;  Skookum Publications, Penticton, www, okanaganhistory. com  or 1-250-492-3228 Cost: $26.90  200 ohs NEW BOOKS OF INTEREST TO OUR READERS  a town called KEREMEOS. Book One, Its Birth, Its Growth, and  Its People by Dorothy Smuin. A look at the early history of the  Similkameen town and its people as the author saw them in daily  life.  Orders:   Penticton   Museum;   Okanagan   Books;   Dorothy  Smuin 1-250-492-7561 Cost: $8.00  a town called KEREMEOS Book Two, The School, The Car,  and The Packing House by Dorothy Smuin. Focuses mainly on the  school. The author also looks at old vehicles in the early years, as  well as the Co-op Packing House and a bit of social life.  Orders: Penticton Museum; Okanagan Books; Dorothy  Smuin 1-250-492-7561 Cost: $8.00  Ranching: Now, Then And Way Back When by Doug Cox.  Depicting ranching heritage of all areas in British Columbia. The  book is an account of the evolution of the cattle raising industry  from the reminiscences of the ranchers, stockmen and cowboys  who lived this way of life. Many photos.  Orders: Doug Cox, Skookum Publications, Penticton,  www.okanaganhistory.com or 1-250-492-3228. Cost: $39.95  Stories and images about what the horse has done for  us. An illustrated history of Okanagan ranching and rodeo.  edited by Bill Cohen for Theytus Books Ltd. The book is a photographic journal of the relationship between the Okanagan people  and the horse. Many historical photos dating from 1800's to 1990's.  It is a rare look at the lives of the Okanagan people and the role  of the horse in related activities.  Orders: Penticton Museum; Theytus Books; Penticton  Indian Band Cost: $18.95  KETTLE VALLEY RAILWAY MILE BOARDS. A  Historical Field Guide to the K.V.R. by Joe Smuin. Contents  include many photographs and maps. This is a comprehensive  documentary of the Kettle Valley Railroad subdivisions between  Carmi and Merritt. The author is from a family of railroad workers. He was employed on the K.V.R. and offers a human perspective to railway history. Foreward is by Barrie Sanford.  Orders: Penticton Museum; Okanagan Books; Joe Smuin 1-  604-944-6445 Cost: $39.95  OKANAGAN GEOLOGY. British Columbia, edited by  Murray A. Roed and John D. Greenough for Kelowna Geology  Committee. This beautifully presented documentary features  many photos, paintings, diagrams and maps, all in colour. Some of  the book's highlights include: the Origin of the Okanagan Valley,  Geology Along the Kettle Valley Railroad, Geology of the  Okanagan Valley Wine, Gems in the Okanagan, Ancient Peoples  of the Okanagan, Scenic Field Trips, and much more.  Orders: local book stores.  ohs 201 NEW BOOKS OF INTEREST TO OUR READERS  "100 YEARS OF SCHOOLING" The project was initiated and  financially supported by the South Okanagan Retired Teachers'  Association. This book records the history of public education in  the Penticton-Summerland area, including Naramata, Kaleden,  West Bench, Allen Grove and Meadow Valley. It contains a brief  history of every school, including some which no longer exist, as  well as photos. It also covers all the support services which go to  make up a school system and the Boards of Trustees which govern them. A large group of contributors collected the material for  the book.  Cost: $12.00 - all proceeds will be used to provide scholarship funds to the three secondary schools in the area-  Penticton Secondary, Princess Margaret Secondary and  Summerland Secondary. Orders: Penticton Museum,  Okanagan Books and Bookstore and Bazaar. (All outlets are  selling the book at no cost to the project.)  Our History Our Heritage by the Kelowna Branch,  Okanagan Historical Society. This book is a collection of one hundred historical stories, which were submitted by the Kelowna  Branch OHS and printed in The Daily Courier from 1994 to 2003.  Approximately 200 pictures, many of them never published  before, illustrate the stories.  Orders: judyohs/@shaw.ca or phone 1-250-762-6839 Cost  (soft cover) $20.00  Enderby ... an illustrated history by Robert and Joan  Cowan. It's a first! It's available! Local historian Bob Cowan has  written a history of Enderby, 1860 to 1972. The book is filled with  articles on geography, First Nations, early settlers, industry, social  history, public institutions, businesses, volunteer organizations,  prominent people, and more. Incuded is a short history, an  overview, of the city's growth and change. Every page is complemented by a black and white photograph from the collection of  the Enderby & District Museum's archives. 6" x 9" soft cover, 289  pages, 260 photographs, maps, charts, index and bibliography.  Published by the Enderby & District Museum Society.  Orders: 901 George Street, P.O. Box 367, Enderby, B.C. VOE  1V0; Phone 1-250-838-7170; E-mail: edms/gjetstream.net  Cost: $25.00.  (Tb order a copy, simply write to the museum and include a  cheque for the book PLUS $5.00 postage. Or you can pick up a  copy at the Enderby Museum, North Valley Echo or Enderby &  District Chamber of Commerce.)  202 ohs LIVES REMEMBERED  <3I^ Indicates Member of the Society  ABEL, Blanche Violet, (b) England, March 25, 1923 (d) Burnaby, April 28, 2004.  Predeceased by husband Walter. Survived by sons Christopher (Vivien), Paul (Kathleen),  daughters Jennifer (Robert), Patricia (Drummond). Blanche came to Canada as a War Bride  in the 1940's and settled in Osoyoos. She was involved in numerous activities in the community and church and had a great zest for life.  ALLINGHAM, Dorothy Elizabeth, (b) Portage La Prairie, Manitoba, on January 6,  1920, (d) Kelowna on January 27, 2005. Predeceased by husband Neville. Survived by children led and Brenda, Jack and Rosie, and Janette and Doug Clark. Dorothy moved to  Oyama in 1944 and was a substitute teacher. She was a member of the Kalamalka Women's  Institute and the United Church in Oyama and Winfield, as well as the Lake Country-  Garden Club..  BAGG, Arthur Vernon, (b) September 29, 1913 (d) Penticton, June 7, 2004. Survived  by Marie, his loving wife of 61 years, son Dennis (Suzanne) of Penticton, two daughters -  Jan Weston of Oliver and Judy Kalpakoff (Dennis). Arthur was raised and farmed in Oliver  and lived in Penticton for the past 31 years.  BAIRD, Marion Edna, (nee Threadful), (b) Rossburn, Manitoba, February 18, 1905  (d) Enderby, B.C., October 29, 2004. Predeceasedby first husband Lockie Lantz (1944) and  second husband Wesley Baird (1986). Survived by daughters Audrey (Bob) DeYoung and  Myrla Kilburn. She moved to Enderby in 1920, and for many years, worked in the office of  B.J. Carney Pole Company in Enderby. In 1947, she was one of the founding members of  the Enderby PTA. She held many offices in both the Eastern Star (member for fifty years)  and Rebekah Lodge (member for forty-six years).  BAKER, Art, (d) January 30, 2005, at the age of 78. Survived by wife Edna, daughters Tammy Baker and Sandra Baker, and son Brian (Marlisse). Predeceased by son Robert.  Art was the founder of Westview Irrigation.  BAPTISTE, Virginia Louise (Virg) (b) July 23, 1949 (d) Penticton, January 21, 2004.  Survived by sons Darren (Pup), Vincent (Shorty) and Derek. Virginia was raised in the  South Okanagan and at St. Eugene's Mission in Cranbrook. She was tireless in her fight for  justice for those who suffered in the residential schools. She will be missed by numerous  relatives throughout the Okanagan Nation. Chief Clarence Louie presented the eulogy with  interment following at the N'Kmip graveyard.  BARILLARD, Helen (b) Austria (d) Oliver, February 13, 2004 at age 83. Predeceased  by husband Joe. Survived by son Ron (Judy) of Penticton. Helen and Joe moved to Oliver  in 1947 where she was employed at Vic Fairweather's Oliver Hardware store for some 17  years. She was also a Life Member of the Royal Purple, Oliver Lodge #63.  <SII^ BASHAM, David H. (b) Kelowna, April 15, 1927 (d) Creston, B.C. July 17,  2004. Predeceased by wife Isabel. Survived by wife Betty and son David A. Basham. David  was the youngest son of Jabez and Nellie Basham, early settlers in Penticton and later  Westbank. He spent six years in the Royal Canadian Signal Corps, seeing action in Korea.  He returned to Westbank to become an orchardist.  BEDFORD, Catherine Eileen (nee Scott) (b) Killam, Alberta, June 11, 1907 (d)  Salmon Arm, March 23, 2005. Predeceased by husband Albert in 1994. Survived by daughter Betti (Herb) Jones. Eileen came to the Shuswap in 1922. Eileen and husband Albert  were owner-operators of the first drugstore in Salmon Arm, Bedford's Drugs-now  Pharmasave. The corner of Front and Alexander Streets was known as Bedford's Corner.  BENNETT, Dorothy Margaret (nee Ruth), (b) Salmon Arm, October 13, 1914 (d)  Salmon Arm, May 13, 2004. Predeceased by her first husband Dr. Stafford Z. Bennett in  1970. Survivedby husband Gil Mennie, son Paul (Brenda) Bennett, daughter Kathy (Leo)  Patenaude, and Gil's children -Steven, Anne Marie (Herb) Young and Jeff. Dorothy's parents were early Salmon Arm residents, Percy and Lyla Ruth. She was employed in a number of office jobs in Salmon Arm. She retired in 1979 from her position as Office Manager  for the Department of Human Resources.  BLONK, Arthur (b) Perboben, Latvia, September 25, 1919 (d) Oliver, May 30, 2004.  Survived by Huberta, his wife of 50 years, daughters Gudrun (Mark) Howard, Brandy May,  Heidi Peters, son Gerhard (Elizabete). Arthur came to Oliver in 1951. A lover of animals,  since retirement his passion was collecting bottles and cans for his favourite charity. His  dedicated effort generated over $20,000 which gifted at least 315 formerly blind children  with sight.  ohs 203 LIVES REMEMBERED  BLOW, Elizabeth "Betty", (nee Hogarth) (b) Dukinfield, England, July 27, 1929, (d)  Armstrong, September 29, 2004. Predeceased by husband Robert in 1993. Survived by  daughter Susan Lee and sons Kenneth and James. Betty was Armstrong-Spallumcheen's  Good Citizen in 1995. She was active in Eastern Star, the Hospital Auxiliary's Bargain Bin  and the St. James Anglican Church.  BOONE, Margaret (b) Oliver, July 30, 1931 (d) Oliver, July 14, 2004. Margaret's parents were pioneers who established their home in Oliver in 1922, later moving to a newly-  planted orchard in Testalinda (5 miles south of Oliver). There they lived the rest of their  lives. Margaret began school in a two-room schoolhouse there, but was soon enrolled in St.  Anne's Academy, Kamloops, where her musical talent was recognized. She became proficient in piano and organ and became the organist, for fifty years, at St. Christopher's  Church in Osoyoos. She also earned a Diploma in Hairdressing in Kelowna and took over  Peggy's Beauty Salon in Oliver, changing the name to Margaret's beauty Salon, and operating it for twenty-five years. She involved herself in many community activities and was  an enthusiastic Director of the Oliver Heritage Society.  BOSS, Bernice Kathleen (nee Heighten), (b) Trail, April 15, 1932, (d) Yellowknife,  March 2, 2005. Predeceased by first husband, James Thornton in 1953. Survived by husband Noland, sons Laurie, Murray, James and Ian, daughters Eileen Erasmus and Bridget  Paulette. Bernice completed her schooling in Armstrong and resided in the town off and  on over the course of her life. As a floral designer, she volunteered in the floral division of  the Interior Provincial Exhibition.  BRODOWAY, Sarah Ella (nee Taylor), (b) Basingstoke, England, August 18, 1925 (d)  Enderby, November 11. 2004. See Tribute p. 38.  <SI^ BROWN, Dorothy Lillian "Lil", (nee Dunne) (b) Vernon, December 16, 1935,  (d) Armstrong, September 25, 2004. Survived by husband Albert "Joe", daughters Dianne  Strohm, Lynette Gilmer and son Douglas. Lil was the daughter of Larkin Pioneers Fintan  and Dorothea Dunne. Her nursing career spanned over forty years of working in the  Armstrong, Enderby and Vernon hospitals and at the Pleasant Valley Manor. Lil was a  founding member of the Armstrong Kinette Club and was active in St. Joseph's Catholic  Church.  BROWN, Jessie Catherine (nee Ross), (b) Innisfail, Alberta, November 8, 1912, (d)  Vernon, May 8, 2004. Predeceased by husband Harry in 1986 and daughters Janet Henley  in 1992 and Doris Harrison in 1994. Survived by sons Bill, Dick, Larry and Dennis. Jessie  was a longtime resident of Armstrong, who grew up at Realm Siding, two miles south. She  was a quiet person who belonged to the Rebekah Lodge and was her pioneer family's historian.  BROWNLOW, George, (b) 1911, (d) Oliver, December 3, 2004. Predeceased by  daughter Mavis and grandson Geoffrey. Survived by wife Anne, daughter Marion (Bill)  Fleming. George and Anne moved to Osoyoos from Edmonton in 1959. George was active  in the Lions Club and enjoyed his home on the lake.  <3EI^ BUCKLAND Pamela Mary (nee Pollard), (b) Vernon on May 3, 1924, (d) June  21, 2004. Predeceased by husband Charles. Survived by stepsons Don (Carol) and Frank  (Lois). She had a twenty-seven year nursing career covering many parts of British  Columbia. She had a great love for art, golf and all living things.  <SIE¬a CAMPBELL, Elena "Nellie" (nee Arduini), (b) Kamloops, B.C. September 28,  1916, (d) Kelowna, February 11, 2004. Survivedby husband James F.I. (Jim), sons: Melvyn  (Anne), Victor (Anna), Philip (Brenda) and daughter Elena (Keith) Garrison. Nellie, along  with her husband Jim, was a dedicated member of the Okanagan Historical Society.  CAMPBELL, William Gavin "Bill", (b) Manitoba, December 13, 1921 (d) Oliver, 2004.  Predeceased by wife Ann, son Robert and daughter Lane. Survived by children Jean  (Glenn), Bob (Sally), Judy, Gordon (Kathleen), Betty, Shirley (Ron), Doug (Aline), Dave  and Pat (Richard). Bill met wife Ann in 1947 and they settled in Oliver on the family property on Island Road. Bill worked in the local mines (Fairview), logging and ranching. He  was a dedicated orchardist and vegetable grower.  <52^ CAPOZZI, Joseph Jasper, (b) Kelowna, February 12, 1922 (d) Kelowna,  September 29, 2004. See Tribute p. 40.  CARTWRIGHT, William James (Bill) (b) Cumberland, B.C. July 20, 1912 (d) Oliver,  July 26, 2004. Predeceased by wife Frances. Survived by sons Reg (Judy) and Gary (Barb).  Bill worked at the Blakeburn and Nickelplate Mines, resided in Nickelplate, then moved to  204 ohs LIVES REMEMBERED  an Oliver orchard in 1946. Bill, employed by the B.C. Government, took care of the irrigation system in the South Okanagan, until retirement in 1975.  CASORSO, Martin, (d) January 21, 2005, at the age of 84 years. Survived by wife  Irene, and daughters Lynn (Jorg) Casorso and Velma (Philip) Casorso. Predeceased by  daughter Shirley Casorso. Martin was a member of a Kelowna pioneer family. He was a  farmer, rancher and businessman.  maUSP CHARLES, Mary Graham (nee Munn), (b) Harbour Grace, Newfoundland,  Julyl5, 1909, (d) Summerland, February 2, 2004. Survivedby husband, Walter Charles, son  Doug and daughters Lorna Klohn and Ruth Charles. Mary arrived in Summerland in 1910.  She nursed in several B.C. Outpost Hospitals and Summerland Hospital. Walter and Mary-  operated an orchard in Summerland.  CHASE, Forrest L, (b) Bield, Manitoba, (d) September 30, 2004. Survived by wife  Laura; daughter Marie (Jim); sons Les (Val), Raymond (Shirley), Eldon and Marty  (Sheryle). He was an orchardist, a milkman, and in 1952 started F.L. Chase Rural Garbage  Disposal. Later he worked for Gorman's Lumber in Westbank.  CHRISTENSEN, Christine 'Christel' (b) Germany, August 25, 1909 (d) Oliver,  January 1, 2005. Predeceased by husband, Ole, son Fred. Survived by daughter Myrit  Reiter, sons Carl (Brenda), Lou and daughter-in-law Terri. Christel worked at the McLean  and Fitzpatrick packinghouse in Osoyoos and had a German Christmas radio program for  about 30 years. She was an avid member of the Osoyoos Harmony Club, Parade Flagbearer  for the Royal Canadian Legion and a dedicated member of Grace Lutheran Church and  Church Choir.  CHRISTOPHERSON, Reverend Sidney Julius, (b) Sutton, North Dakota, February  27, 1912, (d) Salmon Arm, October 31, 2004. Predeceased by wife Nina, sons Duane and  Lynn. Survivedby son Mark (Roxanne) of Wenatchee, WA., daughter-in-law Mary of CA. He  served in congregations in North Dakota, Sedgwick and Red deer Ab., Kamloops, Vernon,  Salmon Arm and Eagle Bay. He was first Editor of Eternity for Today-a daily devotional.  COE, Glenn James, (b) Kelowna on March 6, 1928, (d) Kelowna on December 29,  2004. Survived by wife Verna (nee Faulconer), sons Glenn (Susan), Keith (Michelle) and  Donald (Shelly), and daughter Valerie (Rod) Armour. Glenn spent nineteen years with  Chapmans' Transport until he founded Glencoe Transport Ltd. in 1972.  COLDICOTT, Janet Marion (nee Hilliard), (b) Deep Creek near Armstrong,  September 8, 1914, (d) Armstrong, May 1, 2004. Predeceasedby husband Robert in 1994.  Survived by daughter Alice Vallejo and son Frank. Janet was a dedicated worker in the Girl  Guides, Cubs, Red Cross, Rebekah Lodge and the Armstrong Hospital Auxiliary.  CORRADO, Amerigo (Am) Anthony, (b) Italy, (d) February 16, 2005. Survivedby  wife Jan, sons Jay (Sandy), Dean (Margo) and daughter Jill (Jamie) Robinson. Am grew up  in Trail, and from 1959 until retirement in 1991, he taught at various schools in School Dist.  #23. He was involved in many community activities: Kelowna Kinsmen Club, Seniors  Games, Seniors Slo-Pitch, Kelowna Snowfest Midget Hockey Tournament, Ogopogo  Hockey School, as well as many other activities.  CRAIG, May Florence (nee Bennetts), (b) Vernon, December 17, 1920, (d) Salmon  Arm, January 22, 2003. Predeceased by husband Cecil James Milliken in 1962, daughter  Sharron Luttmer. Survivedby son Terry Milliken of Maple Creek, Sk., daughter Maureen  Stratford of Prince George, stepchildren Dick (Candy) Craig, Drew (Carol Lee) Craig. May  lived much of her life in the Shuswap except for several years in Coquitlam, Gabriola  Island and Nanaimo before returning to Salmon Arm.  «3HE» CRAWFORD, Elmer James (b) Granum, Alberta June 17, 1909 (d) Victoria,  August 23, 2004. Predeceased by wife Charlotte. Survived by son Barry (Carolyn). Elmer  was a longtime resident of Kelowna and the Okanagan. He had moved with his parents,  Bert and Annie to Oyama in 1922, where they had an orchard on the east side of Wood  Lake. He was active in the Rotary Club of Kelowna and with the Seniors in Anglemont, B.C.  He was owner of Kelowna Electric from 1940 to 1976.  DAGNEAU, Maria Elizabeth ( nee Gollits), (b) Pleasant Valley, Armstrong, October  17, 1935 (d) Salmon Arm, October 23, 2004. Survived by husband Roy, sons Roderick and  Michael (Jane). Maria graduated from Armstrong High School, took Teacher Training at  Victoria Normal School and an Education Degree at U.B.C. She taught at Little Fort and  Chinook Cove in Barrier District and Six Mile and Bouchie Lake in Quesnel. She taught in  Salmon Arm from 1965 until retirement in 1993. Maria loved her home which she helped  design and build and her gardens gave her many hours of relaxation and enjoyment.  OHS 205 LIVES remembered  DALE, Gordon (b) Enderby, May 14, 1949 (d) Mabel Lake, June 24, 2004. Survived  by wife Kay and daughters Ashley and Elizabeth. A member of the pioneer Dale family, he  had a lifelong interest in politics, first with the NDP as an organizer in Newfoundland and  later as a Social Credit and Conservative in B.C. He served on Enderby Council in the  1970's and was Mayor from 1996 to 2001. A history buff, he was instrumental in establishing the Jim Watt Heritage River Walk and the Heritage Conservation area in Enderby.  DAY, Donald Cameron "Digger", (b) Consort, Alberta, July 11, 1929, (d) Kelowna,  October 31, 2004. Survived by wife Jean, daughters Ann Day, Kasey (Ray) Chute, Deanna  (Ron) Fretwell and Feme. He was an undertaker with the Day family business, Day's  Funeral Home, for many years. Golfing was Don's passion, and he was in every Ogopogo  Golf Tournament until he passed away.  DEHART, Marjorie Emma, (b) Victoria, BC on July 1, 1909, (d) Penticton on  February 14, 2005. Predeceased by husband Norman, and son Bruce in 2003. Survived by  son Robert, daughter-in-law Margie (Bruce). Marjorie moved to Kelowna in about 1935 and  was a dedicated teacher at Dr. Knox Secondary until her retirement in 1974.  DILWORTH, Catherine Ann (b) Kamloops, January 27, 1905, (d) Salmon Arm, April  13, 2005 at the age of 100. Predeceased by parents John and Kate (MacLachlan) Dilworth-  pioneers of the Sorrento- Carlin area and brother Roger. Survived by brother Jack of  Sorrento and cousin Wilma Bessette of Summerland. Catherine was a Registered Nurse  who trained in Kamloops, later moving to Vancouver and to California to work. She was a  former member of St. Mary's Women's Guild.  DOBSON, Marjorie Violet (nee Laws) (b) Kelowna, December 9, 1917 (d) Kamloops,  June 11, 2004. Predeceasedby her parents William Robert and Annie E. Laws of Kelowna,  husbands Ned Jackson in 1950 and Rev. Arthur Dobson in 1996. Survived by Arthur's children Helen Arnott, Karin (Doug) Klem, George (Therese) Dobson, and Judy Mehta. Marj.  had many jobs: Women's Institute, Sicamous Waterworks, Sicamous United Church, Bank  of Montreal, reporter for the Sicamous newspaper, Secretary for Eagle Valley Senior  Citizens Housing Society, bookkeeper for local people and played the organ for the United  Church.  DORE, Charles Elderfield, (b) April 5, 1915, (d) January 15, 2005. See Tribute p. 42.  DUGGAN, Clara Beatrice (nee McClure), (d) May 14, 2004, just one month short of  her 100th birthday. Predeceased by husband Hector. Survived by son Doug (Mary), and  daughter Doreen Cushing. She was a long-time resident of Oyama and Kelowna.  EHLERS, John Cecil Bennett,(b) Salmon Arm, November 14, 1920 (d) Vernon,  August 9, 2004. Predeceased by wife Ruth and daughter Shannon. Survived by daughter  Bonnie Jackson, son Rocky Ehlers. He operated an early gravel moving business with horses and worked in mining and road building throughout the Province. He was a WWII veteran.  ELSOFF, Margaret Ann (nee Reinhold), (b) Oliver, March 25, 1945 (d) Vancouver,  May 27, 2004. Survivedby husband John, sons Paul (Tracy), Michael (Samantha). Margaret  grew up in Osoyoos, then moved to Vancouver where she married and raised her family  in Ladner.  <QE¬a EMBREY, William "Bill", (d) May 25, 2004. Predeceased by wife Joan.  Survived by daughter Mary (Randy) Bjur, and son Jim. He came to Kelowna in 1933 and  worked in the fruit industry all his life, rising to the post of Export Sales Manager, BC Tree  Fruits. He was very involved in the community and was a member of the Kelowna Branch,  Okanagan Historical Society.  ERICKSON, Theodore Oliver "Ted", "T-O", (b)Killam, Manitoba, December 15, 1913  (d) Salmon Arm, March 23, 2005. Survivedby wife June, daughter Sharon (Ed), Step- family Daryl (Susan}, Sid (Shelley). Ted developed the Ponderosa Resort in Blind Bay, where  he lived for 31 years. He played a mean banjo, enjoyed pheasant hunting, fishing, curling  and was a meticulous wood worker.  EVANS, Maria "Mary" Therisia (nee Greschner) (b) Saskatchewan, September 24,  1935 (d) Oliver, July 7, 2004. Predeceased by husband Clark Evans. Survived by sons  Andrew (Roxanne), Mark (Nicole), daughter Teresa (Rob) Sommerviile. Mary moved to  Bridesville with her family in 1944, meeting her future husband, Clark at a dance in Rock  Creek. They moved to Oliver in 1958.  206 ohs LIVES REMEMBERED  FARRIS, William George "Bill", (b) Edmonton, June 25, 1930, (d) Armstrong-  Spallumcheen, June 10, 2004. Predeceasedby wife Marion (nee Adams) in 1997. Survived  by daughters Carolyn, Marjorie and Lorna Rooney and son Joseph. Bill grew up in Bashaw,  Alberta where he later farmed. In 1956, he joined the Federal Parks Service and worked at  Banff, Jasper and Mount Robson. In the 1960's, Bill moved his family to Kelowna, where  he had an auction market and then a construction company. By 1970, the family was in  the Armstrong area and Bill was a farmer, millwright and a livestock hauler. Bill took pride  in his volunteer work with 4-H members. His interest in politics led him to be a Councillor  in the Township of Spallumcheen from 1998 until his passing.  FEDOR, Mary Eleanor, (b) Sweden, July 31, 1911 (d) Oliver, April 7, 2004.  Predeceased by husband Louis. Survivedby sons Allen (Peggy), David (Brenda), daughters  Lynne (John) Hall, Janice (George) Kajanoff. Eleanor was a teacher at the Hedley School  where she met Louis. They married in 1939, settling on ten acres of sand and sagebrush  in Osoyoos. They farmed for 19 years until Louis entered the Real Estate Industry and  started Oliver Agencies. Eleanor is fondly remembered for her generosity and wonderful  baking, particularly her fresh baked Christmas Wreaths.  FOOT, Edward John "Ted", (b) Kelowna on December 18, 1921, (d) November 29,  2004. Survivedby wife Eleanor, and children Allison, Deborah, Doug and Rob. Ted served  in the RCAF as a pilot during WWII. He graduated from UBC with a degree in Agriculture  and settled in East Kelowna on the family orchard. Ted implemented crop insurance in the  Okanagan, and then went on to management at Fruit Grower's Mutual Insurance Co. In  1973 the family moved to North Vancouver.  FREDING, Karl, (b) Princeton, November 19, 1916 (d) Oliver, May 3, 2004. Survived  by wife Margaret, daughter Shirley Freding of Osoyoos and son Bill Freding of Oliver. Karl  married Margaret Allison, a local ranching gal, in Princeton, September 14, 1941. They  raised commercial cattle and wheat.Their ranch, Rafter F Hereford Ranch became a leader  in the industry for nearly half a century, selling many championship hereford bulls at both  Kamloops and Williams Lake Bull Sales. After selling their ranch in 1992, they retired to  Osoyoos, where Karl continued to manufacture the popular Tyten-Loc gate latches that he  had invented and patented.  FRIEBE, Uli Karl, (b) Rudelstadt, Germany, January 15, 1929, (d) Vernon, April 3,  2004. Survivedby wife Hilde, sons Bill and Mark, daughter Germaine Smith. He was only  the third member of the Enderby Lions Club to receive the Melvin Jones Memorial Award  in 1997. He was one of t