Okanagan Historical Society Reports

Okanagan history. Fifty-third report of the Okanagan Historical Society Okanagan Historical Society 1989

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Array Okanagan History  53rd Report of the Okanagan Historical Society  ~ 7n<T.S/^*^7Q^scM^r/y/^^gr/-A:^f^/tar.S^.'^^  OKANAGAN  HISTORY  The fifty-third Report  of the  Okanagan  Historical  Society  Founded September 4, 1925  Cover  The S.S. Sicamous  arriving at Kelowna  from a 1936 Calendar printed  by Camera Products Co. Vancouver  © 1989  ISSN-0830-0739  ISBN-0-921 241-55-0  Printed in Canada, Wayside Press Ltd., Vernon, B.C. FIFTY-THIRD REPORT OF THE  OKANAGAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY  EDITOR  Robert Cowan  ASSISTANT EDITOR  Dorothy Zoellner  PRODUCTION MANAGER  Ron Robey  EDITORIAL COMMITTEE  Aileen Porteous, Oliver and Osoyoos  Betty Bork, Penticton  Hume Powley, Kelowna  Carol Mellows, Vernon  Gertrude Peel, Armstrong and Enderby  Florence Farmer, Salmon Arm  Membership  The recipient of this Fifty-third Report is entitled to register his or her membership in the  Fifty-fourth Report which will be issued November 1, 1990.  For Membership Registration and Membership Certificate forms see the insert in this book.  Buying Reports  Reports of the Okanagan Historical Society are available from the Treasurer of the Parent  Body (Box 313, Vernon), from Branches of OHS and, as well, from most museums and book  stores in the Okanagan.  For availability and prices of back numbers see order form on insert. Officers and Directors of the Parent Body  1989-1990  PRESIDENT  Bernard Webber  FIRST VICE-PRESIDENT  William Whitehead  SECOND VICE-PRESIDENT  Robert dePfyffer  SECRETARY  Robert Marriage  TREASURER  Phyllis MacKay  PAST PRESIDENT  Dorothy Zoellner  BRANCH DIRECTORS TO PARENT BODY  Oliver & Osoyoos: Carleton MacNaughton, Harry Weatherill  Penticton: David MacDonald, Mary Orr  Kelowna: Hume Powley, Gifford Thomson  Vernon: Audley Holt, Bob dePfyffer.  Armstrong-Enderby: Bob Cowan, Jim Sharman.  Salmon Arm: Florence Farmer, Elmer Peterson, Hubert Peterson  DIRECTORS-AT-LARGE  Frank Pells (Pandosy Mission)  Peter Tassie (Brigade Trail)  GUY BAGNALL FUND  Don Weatherill, Frank Pells, Ron Robey,  Dorothy Zoellner, Bernard Webber Contents  Current Events  The S.S. Sicamous Restoration Society, by Larry R. Little  7  Eva Cleland honored by the Canadian Conference of the Arts  by Bonnie Ross  17  Commando Bay Reunion, by Angeline Waterman  19  The British Columbia Orchard Museum, by Denise Nahirney  25  Historical Papers  J.D. "Jack" McGuire: The Early Years in Salmon Arm.  by Roland A. famieson    29  Kelowna's Lawyers, by 0. Arthur Strandquist      40  The Parish of Woodsdale, 1904-84. by Rev. Eric Dexter      61  Diaries, Documents and Letters  From Indianapolis to Kelowna by car in 1926:  A Letter from Carroll Tucker to Aunt Clara  and Uncle Will. Forward by Bill Knowles      67  Diary of a 1910 Hunting Trip: Captain J.C. Dun-Waters.  Forward by Helen Inglis      77  Skimming Through the Diary of John Davidson, by Betty Davidson    85  Reminiscences  Summerland Boy Scout Camp at Osoyoos, Summer 1915.  by R. Russell Munn  92  One Oliver Pioneer Family, by Edith Rienhart  94  Enderby's First Drug Store, by E.L. Broderick  97  The Kingfisher Community Hall, by Isobel Simard  101  The Knob Hill Community, by Edgar Docksteader  103  Tributes and Biographies  Leo Fuhr: "Mr. Beekeeper of the Okanagan." by Elizabeth Pryce . 107  A.E. (Nick) Jones: An Appreciation.  by Elizabeth Kangyal and John McCarthy  115  Benny (Benichi Ueda). by Jenny Seto  119  The American Finches of Penticton. by Wenonah Finch Sharpe  123  Ernest Skyrme. by Judy Riemche  129  Romance by Mail, by Margaret Madsen  131  My Favorite Teachers at Ellison Public School.  by Wilma (Clement) Hayes  134  Nathaniel Vernon Simpson, by Ray Findlay  138  Mr. & Mrs. Cameron Day and Day's Funeral Service.  by Mary Sutherland  140 A Tribute to Arthur McCuddy. by Carlton McNaughton  143  A Tribute to Betty O'Keefe, 1924-1988. by Casey O'Keefe  145  Minnie Macdonnell, Ellison Pioneer, by Robert M. Hayes  148  James (Pete) Watson. by Mollie Broderick  152  Peggy Harris. by Elizabeth Pryce  154  Student Essays  156  Introduction and Letter from Peter Skene Ogden to  George Simpson, Okanagan, July 23, 1841  157  Conflicts between the Natives and Hudson's Bay Company  in the 1840's. by Dale Kort  158  Interpretation of Letters Written to George Simpson  in the 1840's. by Richard Kort  160  The Life of Louie Ehrlich. by Chris Anderson  162  Book Reviews  Artists of the Okanagan. by Howard Johnston  166  Early Settlements on Kruger and Richter Mountains.  by Jean Webber  167  The Central Okanagan Records Survey, by Winston Shilvock  168  Report of the Okanagan Mission Planning Task Force.  by Ken Mather  169  Errata and Addenda  172  Obituaries  We Shall Miss Them  173  Business & Activities of the Historical Society  Notice of 65th Annual General Meeting of O.H.S. 1990   183  Minutes of the 64th Annual General Meeting of O.H.S. 1989 .... 184  President's Report  187  Editor's Report  188  Secretary's Report  189  Auditor' s Report  190  Reports of the Branches  Salmon Arm  193  Armstrong/Enderby  194  Vernon  194  Kelowna   195  Penticton  196  Oliver/Osoyoos  197  Report of Father Pandosy Mission Committee   198  Father Pandosy Mission Committee: Financial Statement   199  Brigade Trail Committee Report  200  O.H.S. Local Branch Officers, 1989-1990  \  201  Membership List 1989  202 S.S. Sicamous and the tug Naramata at the Lakeview Wharf circa. 1930, Penticton, B.C. Photo by  Lum Stocks courtesy of Vintage Visuals, Calgary. \^f %A/ *   a   €• m %/ %/      ,JL/ C/ C/ * 1/ €/ O  The S.S. Sicamous Restoration Society  by L. R. Little, Secretary  The £. & Sicamous is presently beached at the end of Okanagan Lake in  Penticton. This magnificent sternwheeler kindles fond memories not only  for residents in the communities on the lake but for travellers as well. We  are fortunate to have such a fine example of past transportation still with  us in a presentable condition.  The Sicamous was one of a fleet of CPR vessels on Okanagan Lake.  She followed the S.S. Aberdeen, launched in 1892 (140 feet long) and the  S.S. Okanagan in 1907 (187 feet long). The steel hulled S.S. Sicamous (200  feet long) appeared in 1914 and served 14 stops between Okanagan Landing and Penticton before terminating regular service on January 5,  1935, at which time her Texas deck was removed. She was bought for a  nominal sum by the Gyro Club of Penticton and brought to her final  resting spot from the Landing in 1951 by the CPR tug MV Okanagan.  The Gyro Club centered their activites and other social events on the  vessel for a number of years before turning it over to the City of Penticton. Since its acquisition by the Gyros the Sicamous has housed the Penticton museum, a private museum and a restaurant; the latter continued  until December 1987. The City has leased the vessel and surrounding  grounds to the S.S. Sicamous Restoration Society.  During the 1970's a group of interested citizens joined to create Save  Our Sicamous (SOS) in an attempt to raise public awareness and funds to  restore the Sicamous. Unfortunately, little attention was paid to their efforts, although some money was raised. During 1987 the City authorized  museum curator Randy Manuel to contact an Edmonton firm, Canada  West Inspection Services, regarding an ultrasound test of the hull. Interestingly the funds generated by the SOS group were used by the City  to pay the bill.  Responding to the results, Randy sent the details to Robert Allan Ltd.  Larry R. Little is the Secretary of the S.S. Sicamous Restoration Society. He resides in Penticton,  and is the Assistant Librarian at the Penticton Public Library. S.S. Sicamous Restoration  naval architects and marine engineers in Vancouver, seeking their opinion as to the feasibility of whether or not the hull could withstand a  restoration attempt. The statement provided by the Allan company noted  the "fair" condition of the hull. Randy's enthusiasm over the marine  engineer's report led to a detailed letter being sent to the city administrator suggesting a non-profit society be formed to head a restoration project.  S.S. Sicamous B Deck Dining Area, looking toward the stern. The state rooms have been removed.  The original hardwood floor will be put over temporary flooring.  With this information Mayor Dorothy Whittaker and Council, anxious to have the vessel restored and maintained in a safe and proper condition, invited interested citizens to form a separate society for this purpose. Out of these deliberations the S.S. Sicamous Restoration Society  was formed. The society is registered under the Society's Act effective  May 12, 1988 (# S-23665). Hence, the S.S. Sicamous Restoration Society is the product of a number of meetings and discussions within the Penticton City Council commencing early in 1987. The following people are  the directors: Jack Petley president, Hartley Clelland vice president,  David Stocks treasurer, Larry Little secretary, Fred Tayler and Lloyd  Hansen site coordinators, Ian MacLeod research and Barb Reed.  The goals of the society are to preserve and restore the Sicamous to a  period which best exemplifies sternwheel transportation in the Okanagan Valley. A date generally accepted by the directors is 1914, which  would include the Texas deck. It is the intention of the society to ensure  no work be done twice in the advent a more ambitious plan be developed  8 S.S. Sicamous Restoration  in the future. The key is establishing credibility since previous attempts  to restore the Sicamous fizzled.  It is imperative that the current society establish a committed following, and secure major government funding to illustrate the sincerity of the  project. Work by individuals such as Randy Manuel and the response by  Penticton City Council have certainly been supportive.  The work of the Society's first year of operation was monumental.  Organizing, analyzing needs, and getting on with business were time  consuming. Initially the society met once per week, then twice per  S.S. Sicamous Stern: the Ladies Salon. Used as a kitchen in 1988. Before clean-up. S.S. Sicamous Restoration  month. Numerous meetings with officials also took place. Drafting a plan  of action and establishing a budget were the Society's initial concerns.  The newly formed society received some funding from the City's  reserve monies accumulated from previous restaurant rentals. The  amount was sufficient to permit cleaning of the vessel, making safety  repairs to decks/railings and financing the cost of security patrols plus  utilities. Further funding, to permit restoration of the superstructure,  would depend on the response of the public, business people, foundations  and the provincial/federal governments. Generating funds and/or  revenue was targeted. Donations were received along with the City  funds, plus the Sicamous was rented for wedding ceremonies. These  measures paid for maintenance, but did not constitute enough for large  scale plans. Formal applications were made to BC Heritage Trust, GO  BC, Lottery BC and the Historic Landmarks Program. With limited funding in place, we began to outline objectives.  S.S. Sicamous Stern: the Ladies Salon. Lorraine Taylor is observing the clean-up of the previous kitchen area.  These objectives took the form of a detailed resume and/or brief  prepared by president Jack Petley. From the early meetings a plan  developed: communication with governments and interest groups, inspection of the Sicamous, funding via work programs and marketing.  Communication was imperative especially if funds were to be received. Jack began the tedious task of writing letters to private foundations,  MLA's/MP's, corporations, historical groups and of course the federal  and provincial governments, seeking information on grants and re-  10 S.S. Sicamous Restoration  questing letters of support. Every major organization and government  department was contacted from Parks Canada and Historic Sites  Monuments Board of Canada to BC Heritage Trust and the Minister of  Tourism. Also the Regional District of the Okanagan Similkameen, the  Penticton Chamber of Commerce and the City of Penticton were  presented with the letter and brief prepared by the president.  S.S. Sicamous: the lower deck stern. This was the Steering Room in 1988. Before clean-up.  11 S.S. Sicamous Restoration  As this process was going on site supervisors Fred Tayler and Lloyd  Hansen began to detail what work had to be done. Their recommendation emphasized three points: a) clean up (the boat was left in disrepair by  the restaurant, but surprisingly in sound condition, thanks in part to the  City's efforts and the dry climate of Penticton); b) stop further deterioration; and c) security (electric alarm, etc.). All three items would take  manpower and money.  We applied to a number of work programs, including UIC Section  38, Challenge 88 and the Community Tourism Training Program. We  were fortunate to secure the latter which allowed funding for 5 people for  up to six months. With this program in place, along with the money turned over by the City, the clean up began. (See Appendix C for details of  work completed.)  Marketing the Sicamous, making people aware of the project, was in  itself a major endeavour. The society had to determine how to present the  Sicamous to the public. The means adopted focused on pamphlets, utilizing the media (TV/radio), guided tours, and memberships. Pamphlets  were developed detailing the background on the Sicamous including  membership forms. Memberships, "shipmates", were sold for $10.00  each. Thanks to documentaries on CHBC and articles in the Penticton  Herald, news travelled fast. Interest in the Sicamous was renewed. The  society decided to offer tours utilizing students to act as guides along with  a donation box. The ensuing donations ($1,200) and visitors ($5000)  were encouraging considering the short time period from the inception of  the society.  All in all the first year was a great success; however, this was only a  beginning. Major funding had yet to be established hence serious restoration had not begun. Although deterioration had been stopped much work  needs to be completed.  As for the future, the society in 1989 is putting together a business  and restoration plan using the city planner of Penticton, Peter Bloodoff,  and Economic Development Commission director, Robert Miller. It is  hoped the City will designate the Sicamous as a historical site. A formal application to BC Heritage Trust under the Historical Landmarks Program  ($250,000) is in the works. Utilization of UIC Section 38 and the Tourist  Training Program will continue the cleanup and preventative  maintenance. Tours and souvenirs will be offered during summer  months to increase revenue, as well as an Okanagan wide membership  drive. Celebration of the 75th anniversary on June 12 will take place. As  for the restoration, the society is determined to secure a grant. Appendix  B provides a profile of anticipated work to be done along with estimated  costs. Finalization of a restoration plan is dependent on funding and the  hiring of the necessary experts to carry out such a project.  In conclusion the society strongly believes securing government fun-  12 S.S. Sicamous Restoration  S.S. Sicamous: the Lower Deck Stern. This is the Steering Room after clean-up. Note the port hole  on left.  ding will stimulate other agencies both private and government to  recognize the efforts of the S.S. Sicamous Restoration Society as a viable  enterprise. Establishing a credible reputation and restoring and maintaining the Sicamous for future generations are our goals. The preservation of  the S.S. Sicamous not only nurtures young minds by illustrating past  transportation patterns in the Okanagan but generates tourism which in  turn means revenue for all concerned.  Many individuals deserve special thanks especially the efforts of the  directors, Randy Manuel, Mayor Whittaker, Penticton's City Council  and the members of Save Our Sicamous. Lastly, the MLA's Bill Barlee  and Ivan Messmer have supported the project as have past MP Fred  King and present MP Jack Whittaker. In the long run, no one loses in  these projects, everyone wins.  13 iS. S. Sicamous Restoration  Appendix A  S.S. Sicamous  Built: 1914  Place: Prefabricated at Port Arthur, Ontario by Western Drydock and  Shipbuilding Co. — Assembled at Okanagan landing.  Length: 202.5 feet  Width: 39.1 feet  Gross Tonnage: 1786.25 Tons  Net Tonnage: 995 Tons  Type of Engine: Tandem-compound, Jet-condensing engines. Cyls 16"  and 35" with 8' stroke.  Fuel: Coal  Lighting: Electric  Total Number in Crew: Average 32  Number of Original Cabins: 37  Total Number Cabin Passengers Accommodated: 74  Total Number Day Passengers Accommodated: Licence for 260  Date Commenced to Operate: April 15, 1914  Date Regular Service Terminated: January 5, 1935  Number of Regular Stops between Penticton and Okanagan Landing: 14  (Including Penticton and Okanagan Landing)  Skeleton Schedule each direction: Left Penticton 5:30 arrived Okanagan  Landing 11:30 k, left Okanagan 13:30 k arrived Penticton 20:00 k. (This  service varied to suit time table and changes of trains.)  Average Price of Meals: Breakfast $1.00 Lunch $1.25 Dinner $1.50  Average   Price   of  Cabins:   Stateroom $2.50   Lower   Berths $1.50  Uppers $1.00  Date Sicamous was turned over to City of Penticton: August 27, 1951  Why the name ':<Sicamous" chosen: After station of same name.  S.S. Sicamous on Ways at Okanagan Landing, 1914. (Photo courtesy of the Enderby Museum.)  14 S.S. Sicamous Restoration  Appendix B  Restoration work still to be completed on the Sternwheeler Sicamous as at  April 15th, 1989 — Sicamous Restoration Society, Penticton. Restoration work listed in planned sequence subject to funding available  Phase  1. Complete painting interior of hull with  rust inhibitor, restore crew quarters, mail  room, etc., on A deck, gut and clean A  deck.  2. Stabilize vessel on advice of experienced  marine personnel as to options, i.e., drive  piles and insert cross beams, pour concrete cradle and construct a false dock,  then scrape and paint hull outside.  3. Install underflooring and restore  staterooms B deck and restore stern  lounge.  4. Restore C deck removed in 1935, replace  Texas deck and repair wheelhouse.  5. Repair decks and railings.  6. Install exterior flood lighting and additional exterior security.  7. Repairs to tension system and replacement of support poles.  8. Glass replacement B deck.  9. Paint exterior of vessel.  10. Repair stern wheel paddle and construct  concrete casing for improved viewing of  paddle wheel and elimination of  sloughing.  11. Install finished flooring B deck in dining  room, stern lounge and stateroom areas.  Contingency allowance, Architects Fee  TOTAL  Estimated  Cost  Time  Frame  $30,000    6mos.  200,000    5 mos.  10,000    3 mos.  250,000  90,000  5,000  10,000  20,000  3,000  50,000  90,000  $810,000  6-9 mos.  4 mos.  2,000     2 wks  2 mos.  2 mos.  5 mos.  1 mos.  2 mos.  15 S.S. Sicamous Restoration  Appendix C  Restoration work completed on the Sternwheeler Sicamous at Penticton by  the Sicamous Restoration Society since leasing vessel from the City of  Penticton on June 1, 1988.  1. Lawn and shoreline property included in lease on lakeside fenced for  security.  2. Interior and exterior security sensors installed.  3. Sensor connected to security telephone service.  4. Fire alarm and intruder alarm system installed with automatic fire  department connection.  5. Temporary deck leaks eliminated by patching.  6. Non-conforming improvements  installed on B deck by former  restaurant operation removed.  7. Four information signs procured from sign painter and several informational displays created.  8. Sternwheel paddles unearthed.  9. Carpeting and underlay composition floor removed in dining room  Bdeck.  10. Glued down carpeting in Master's room removed and underflooring  scrapped.  11. Electric lighting service to inside hull replaced.  12. Electric panel and wiring removed from B deck to A deck —  consolidated.  13. Loose slack coal in pit at boiler bagged and removed.  14. Main engine parts cleaned and polished.  15. Three walk-in fridges and compressors in stern lounge B deck removed and former restaurant smoke hood removed.  16. Hull pumped dry and drain plugs replaced.  17. Mud and debris from interior hull removed and interior scrapped.  18. Some painting of interior of hull completed, using rust inhibitor.  19. Staircase from A deck to B deck previously boarded up made usable.  20. Bow lounges on B and C decks washed down and windows polished.  21. Some paint scraping stern lounge B deck completed.  22. New ship's flag displayed.  23. Metal staircase from A deck to workshop in stern end of hull  installed.  Above work made possible by City of Penticton grant, donations,  memberships, BC Govt, Tourist-Training Program. Total cost  approximately $70,000.  16 Eva Cleland honored by the Canadian  Conference of the Arts*  by Bonnie Ross  Eva Cleland is a pioneer in the development of the arts in Canada. Her  vision, leadership and determination have been a major force in the  flowering of the arts throughout the province of British Columbia.  Eva arrived in the Okanagan as a "Chataqua Girl" in 1928, as  the first professional arts administrator to stay and work in the Okanagan.  She did so in the firm belief that the residents of the interior of the province should have access to the whole range of arts activities.  After work and study in New York with  the National Music League, Eva settled in  Penticton as Mrs. Hugh Cleland. Over the  past 60 years she has been instrumental in the  formation and continued success of a wide  range of events and organizations such as the  Okanagan Valley Music Festival, Penticton  Branch; the Penticton and District Community Arts Council; the Okanagan Mainline  Regional Arts Council, a model for B.C.; the  Okanagan Symphony Orchestra; the  Okanagan Arm of the Community Concert  Society; and a unique project, "Okanagan  Image", a travelling visual and performing  arts event which commissioned works and  visited many parts of the province, setting an  example for regional project work.  Following publication of the Massey Report in 1951, Eva participated in the B.C. Arts Resource Conferences at U.B.C. Thereafter  she pursued an arts policy for B.C., and in 1973 was a vocal member  of arts access at Simon Fraser University, which brought about radical  changes in the cultural scene in the province.  In the last five years, with undiminished energy, she has formed  the Penticton Arts Development Fund Society, the Penticton Junior  Strings and Adult Strings, and in 1987, a music school in conjunction  Eva Cleland.  Editor's Note: On June 4, 1988 Eva Cleland received the Dipldme d'honneur in Ottawa. From the  evening's program we learn: "Since 1954, the Canadian Conference of the Arts has presented  the Diplome d'honneur annually to those who have made an exceptional contribution to the encouragement of the arts in Canada". The other recipient of this prestigious award that evening was the  novelist Robertson Davies. Bonnie Ross' article is taken from the program. Mrs. Cleland's contribution to the Okanagan Summer School of the Arts was left out of the program.  Bonnie Ross is Penticton Chairman of the Okanagan Symphony and a past president of the Penticton Arts Council.  17 Eva Cleland Honored  with Okanagan Symphony musicians, and the Okanagan Summer School  of the Arts.  Eva's refusal to allow anything to defeat her vision is legendary,  and as a store of archival material, her own memories are priceless. She  is a catalyst, always searching for avenues of support, encouraging people to become participants, and promoting opportunities for artists to  develop and to find their audiences. "Educate" is probably one of her  most often-used words.  Eva Cleland exemplifies what can be done by a volunteer in furthering the cultural life and opportunities in a community. Her husband, Hugh, is proud of her, her family is proud of her, her community is proud of her and her Arts Council is proud to have their nominee  receive the Diplome d'honneur, Canada's most prestigious arts award, an  expression of honour from artists to those who have made an exceptional contribution to the encouragement of the arts in Canada over a  prolonged period of time.  June 10, 1988 Arrival Penticton Airport. From left: Gordon Harris, President Penticton & District  Community Arts Council; Eva Cleland; Mayor Dorothy Whittaker of Penticton, Hugh Cleland.  Photo courtesy Penticton Herald.  18 Commando Bay Reunion  by Angeline Waterman  On a grey day, Sept. 17, 1988 two houseboats headed north from Penticton to Commando Bay. The passengers, ten survivors of thirteen  Chinese Canadian special agents who trained during the summer of 1944  at Commando Bay1, were returning with honoured guests to dedicate  a bronze plaque commemorating their training in the Okanagan and  Australia and successful operations in Borneo. Friends greeted each other  with great warmth.  Among the veterans reunited after 44 years were businessmen, a  pharmacist, an aeronautical engineer and a lawyer. The last, Douglas  Jung had twice represented Vancouver Centre in parliament and chaired  the Canadian legal delegation to the United Nations. Assembled were  Roy S.T. Chan, MM, Victoria; Edward Chow, Toronto; Douglas Jung,  John Ko Bong and Wing L. Wong, Vancouver; Louis Yee King, MM,  Edmonton; Raymond Young Lowe, Winnipeg; James D. Shiu, MM,  California (born in Saskatoon); Henry A. Wong and Norman D. Wong,  London, Ontario. Not present was Captain Roger K. Cheng of Vancouver, the first Chinese Canadian to be commissioned. A graduate from  McGill in electrical engineering, he had joined the group in training  in July. Cheng and G. Thomas Lock of Toronto were unable to attend  for peronal reasons. The fourth agent to be decorated with the Military  Medal, Norman Mon Low, died many years ago from injuries received in a parachute landing. However, his widow, Anita, and daughter,  Mrs. Jacqueline Young of Vancouver, were on board. The Commanding Officer, Lt.-Col. Francis W. Kendall and his Chinese wife, Betty,  are both deceased2.  In addition to the survivors of the Commando Bay group at least  ten Chinese veterans of WWII were present and among them two  volunteers for a second group trained for special duties.  The guests included:  The Consul General of the Republic of China, Mr. Duan Jin and  Mrs. Duan who were invited to attend the ceremony since China was  an ally during WWII;  Mr. Fred King, M.P. (Okanagan-Similkameen-Merritt) representing  the Hon. Gerald Merrithew, Minister of Veterans Affairs;  Mr. Larry Chalmers, M.L.A. (Okanagan South), and Mrs. Chalmers  Angie Waterman was Chairman of the OHS Editorial Committee of the Penticton Branch for  five years, and was secretary of the parent body for two years. After her husband was killed in  W.W. II, she joined External Affairs and served for 23 years in Ottawa and seven countries. She  is the sister-in-law of Victor Wilson, a past President of the OHS.  19 Commando Bay Reunion  who brought greetings from the provincial government;  Mr. Cliff Serwa, M.L.A. (Kelowna) and Mrs. Serwa representing the  provincial government;  Mrs. Dorothy Whittaker, Mayor of Penticton, who had entertained the  Consul General and Mrs. Duan, and Mr. Douglas Jung at luncheon  in Penticton;  Mrs. Dorothy Zoellner, President of the Okanagan Historical Society;  Mr. Scott Benton, Deputy Parks Warden and members of his staff.  The Army, Navy and Air Force Veterans in Canada were represented  by the following:  Mr. George Campbell, Dominion President and Mrs. Campbell;  Mr. Bert Pritchard, Provincial Vice-president representing Mr. Don  McCrady, Provincial President;  Mr. Colin McNeil, President of Vancouver's Chinatown Unit 280;  Mr. Jack Warren, President of the Kelowna Unit and Mrs. Warren;  Rev. George Ferguson, Padre of the Kelowna Unit who delivered the  prayer of dedication;  Mr. Daniel Lee and Mr. Charles Lee from Unit 280 who acted as flag  and standard bearers at the dedication and Mr. Alfred K. Wong.  A special guest was Major Victor Wilson who was instrumental  in getting Commando Bay declared a heritage site. He was accompanied  by his wife, Kitty and son, Guy.  Commando Bay Reunion, 1988. From left, Charles Lee (Colour Party), Roy Chan, John Ko,  Anita Low, Jimmy Shiu, Ray Lowe, Norm Wong, Louie King, Wing Wong, Eddie Chow, Hank  Wong, and Doug Jung. Photo courtesy of the Penticton Herald.  20 Commando Bay Reunion  When Victor Wilson was president of the Okanagan Historical  Society he became interested in the operation at Commando Bay and,  prior to a visit to England in 1975, got in touch with Major Hugh Legg.  Legg had been an instructor at Commando Bay. The Leggs invited Victor and his wife, Kitty, to visit their home near the village of Three Legged Cross, Dorset. There Victor taped an interview with Major Legg  on the training of the Chinese Canadian special duty agents. (Transcript  available at the R.N. Atkinson Museum in Penticton).  On July 23 Mr. Daniel Lee, Secretary of Pacific Unit 280 of the  Army, Navy and Air Force Veterans in Canada with Mr. John Ko Bong,  a veteran special agent, visited Commando Bay with Major Victor  Wilson and his son, Guy, to see the plaque site chosen by the Deputy  Parks Warden, Scott Benton. They all liked the large rock and Lee and  Ko Bong reported enthusiastically to Douglas Jung, Vancouver, who  was organizing the reunion. So the plaque was installed.  Douglas Jung asked each of the original group to present the official guests with specially designed pins as a token of honour and appreciation. To the regular circular enamelled pins is added the inscription "Pacific Unit 280" and this is repeated in Chinese. Unit 280 is  fondly referred to as the Chinese AN & AFV in Canada.  This ceremony was particularly moving when Jung asked Louis  King, Norman Low's closest friend, to present a pin to Norman's widow,  Anita who in turn, presented a pin to Mayor Dorothy Whittaker.  The events that led to the recruitment and training of the Chinese  Canadians and their successful operations took place in another part  of the world. In 1937, following the invasion of China by the Japanese,  the consulting business of mining engineer Francis Woodley "Mike"  Kendall folded. A resident of Hong Kong he was put in charge of refugee  camps by the government. This provided excellent cover as he was  already gathering intelligence and establishing underground communications. He had been trained by the Special Operations Executive camp  in Singapore.  A week before Hong Kong fell, Kendall prepared an escape route  for 70 key personnel in five M.T.B.s. They got away on Christmas Day  1941, and landed in Chinese territory. With the help of both Nationalist  and Communist Chinese they reached Chungking and thence south to  India.  With the agreement of the S.O.E. Kendall opened a training school  outside Poona. About a year later he was called to London for consultation. The Far East training camps were short of Canton-speaking Chinese  and Kendall had the idea of recruiting Chinese Canadians and  establishing a training camp in B.C. His group was formed under the  code name of Oblivion. Canadian permission was granted to recruit 35  men. He had the cooperation of British Intelligence Coordination in  21 Commando Bay Reunion  New York which was running the Special Training School No. 103 at  Whitby/Oshawa. Mr. L.B. "Mike" Pearson was government liaison.  Kendall travelled to B.C. by train through the U.S.A. picking up  his Chinese wife, Betty, en route. She was a fully trained special agent.  Because he was a civilian and would be working with the Canadian Army, he had been instructed to adopt a rank. He bought a uniform off  the rack at the HBC, had British buttons sewn on, and put up major's  crowns. (Later in Australia he found it expedient to add the clips to  become a half-colonel.)  Major-General George Pearkes, V.C, Officer Commanding Pacific  Command and his Colonel-in-Charge of Administration, Colonel Hugh  W.R. Allan were both enthusiastic about the camp and lost no time in  getting on with logistics. Their headquarters were in the old Vancouver  Hotel.  As a youngster Kendall had picked fruit in the Okanagan and  already had an isolated site in mind for the camp. A quick trip confirmed his choice and a quiet word with the Penticton Police Chief kept  the curious at a distance.  Meantime recruiting for suitable trainees was taking place wherever  Chinese Canadians were stationed. Two volunteers, G. Thomas Lock  and Norman D. Wong, already had the rank of sergeant. The latter  was raised to staff sergeant. Because of the dangerous nature of the work  the rank of the remaining volunteers was raised to sergeant. No rank  was observed in camp.  Two of the first to be recruited by Major Kendall were Captain  Roger Cheng and Douglas Jung. Cheng was serving on the staff of National Defence Headquarters, Ottawa. Jung was serving at Pacific Command Intelligence under Major-General Pearkes. Jung, at 19, had  graduated with a distinguished rating from an intelligence course at  R.M.C., Kingston.  From S.T.S. two sergeants, Andrew McClure, an expert in demolition and Jack Clayton, whose specialties were unarmed combat and small  arms, were assigned to instruct the recruits.  From England Major Hugh Legg arrived in Vancouver, a veteran  survivor since 1941 of the British S.O.E. in which the survival rate was  50%. He was to train the special operation agents in radio telegraphy.  Under Colonel Hugh Allan, Kendall and Legg completed arrangements  for training the 12 Chinese Canadians selected for special operations.  (See O.H.S. Report No. 41, 1977)  After the speeches and prayer the sky cleared and the site was bathed  in Okanagan sunshine as the plaque was unveiled. Then Douglas Jung  read Prime Minister Mulroney's message:  "On behalf of the Government of Canada, I wish to extend  22 Commando Bay Reunion  my warmest congratulations to a very special group of veterans.  Not only did this gallant band of Chinese Canadians volunteer  for wartime service, they did so knowing that they would be  signing up for some extremely dangerous and hazardous  missions.  That was courage and commitment beyond the call of duty.  Canada was fortunate to have such selfless men.  The list of names on the plaque being unveiled today is truly  a roll call of honour. Their contribution in war inspired overdue recognition for every Chinese Canadian in peacetime, such  a legacy will never lose its value."  Brian Mulroney  Many further tributes were paid to the courage and dedication of  the Chinese Canadians who volunteered to learn about sabotage, underwater demolition, radio telegraphy, self-preservation and how to practise all the nasty little tricks of jungle warfare. Also they needed to know  something of psychology to assess the behaviour and attitudes of native  people in order to employ them advantageously.  Louis King reminisced about his return to Commando Bay for his  honeymoon in 1963 before Okanagan Mountain Park had been established. The wharf had suffered from weather and campers' need for firewood.  No evidence remained of the training camp. He laughed when he spoke  of an unusual fishing expedition. Because it was essential that the men  kept a low profile, there was little recreation. However the CO. allowed them to fish occasionally. As fishermen they were unsuccessful until  Louis strung and detonated a line of explosives underwater. While the  collected fish remained fresh they were eaten three times a day. "If the  game warden had caught us he'd have put me away for life!"  Mrs. Young recalled that her father, like many of his comrades spoke  of the lighter moments in their war. When resting in the jungle in Borneo  he said that the native women came to the camp to launder shirts for  the special agents. The women were naked from the waist up which embarrassed the men (the Chinese are a modest people). The men thought  they had found a way to please the women and, at the same time cover  them: the women were presented with new shirts. Unaccustomed to the  cotton fabric the women appeared next day with circles cut out to leave  their breasts free and comfortable.  When their training at the bay was completed and they prepared  to leave, all evidence of their camp had to be eradicated. Early in their  training with explosives a fire had been started on a dry hillside so unused  explosives were detonated safely in sand.  In order to join the army Wing Wong had successfully lied about  his age. "The young punks called me dad." After the ceremony he  remarked, "In all my life I've never felt so good and great because I'm  23 Commando Bay Reunion  among all you great people and you make me feel great."  Wing Wong planted poppy seeds on the beach. The 87-year old  veteran said he would never return but the poppies would live forever  so there would be a little of Wing Wong at Commando Bay.  1 Although the training of the special duties agents was secret, eventually rumours of their presence  at Dunrobin's became known. At that time no one in the Okanagan knew of the clandestine  operations of the British Special Operations Executive. It seems likely that those who learned  of the training at Dunrobin's thought it was for commando operations. In any event the name  has stuck to the specially trained agents and Dunrobin's pre-emption today is well known as  Commando Bay.  2 The anglicised spelling of the names of the veterans on the plaque no doubt corresponds with  army records. However, they do not always correspond with the spelling as reported by the  veterans. So far as possible the correct spelling is used in the text.  Note: From the chronology in Dr. James W. Morton's "In the Sea of Sterile Mountains."  1939 Chinese join armed forces voluntarily.  1942 Chinese protest lack of franchise, their restriction from certain professions and anti-Chinese  clauses in government contracts.  1944 Chinese conscripted.  1946 Labour, C.C.F. and veterans' organizations favour Chinese enfranchisement.  1947 Dominion allows Chinese wives and unmarried children to enter Canada.  1949 Enfranchisement of Chinese in B.C.  1951 Anti-Chinese clauses in Crown leases dropped.  1967 Chinese immigration placed on an equal basis with other nationalities.  (Saskatchewan and B.C. were the only provinces which denied the vote to Orientals.)  References:  Penticton Herald, Sept. 16 and 19, 1988  Summerland Review, Sept. 15, 1988  Chinatown News, Oct. 3, 1988  Tapes (audio) Victor Wilson and Major Hugh Legg, 1975. Penticton (R.N. Atkinson) Museum  Penticton (R.N. Atkinson) Museum  Penticton Public Library (Inter-library Loan Dept.)  National Archives of Canada, Ottawa  Australian High Commission, Ottawa  B.C. Studies No. 30, Summer 1976, Carol M. Lee "The Road to Enfranchisement: Chinese and  Japanese in B.C."  Dr. James W. Morton "In the Sea of Sterile Mountains" J.J. Douglas Limited, 1974, Vancouver  Mrs. Dorothy Zoellner, President O.H.S., Kelowna  Mrs. Marjorie Wong, wife of veteran Norman D. Wong, without whose informative correspondence  and endless patience this article could not have been written. The Wongs reside in London, Ontario.  24 The British Columbia Orchard  Industry Museum  by Denise Nahirney  The orchard industry is one of the major industries of British Columbia and the new provincially designated British Columbia Orchard Industry  Museum (officially opened May 5, 1989) tells the story of the province's  orchard industry development, present status and future outlook. With  the 100th anniversary of the B.C Fruit Growers Association, the 50th  anniversary of B.C. Tree Fruits and 75th anniversary of the Summerland  Research Station, it was more than timely to begin this specialized provincial museum.  The British Columbia Orchard Industry Museum is the work of  many dedicated people who have given countless hours to research and  construction and who have donated materials, artifacts and money. The  prime force behind the venture of this orchard museum is Ursula Surtees,  Curator/Director of the Kelowna Centennial Museum. Artifacts and  donations of orchard related items were obtained during the past decade  and earmarked for just such an orchard museum with the foresight of  Ursula Surtees. Special grants were applied for to enable set-up of this  dream.  Appropriately, the B.C Orchard Industry Museum is located in  the Laurel Packinghouse which is situated at the corner of Ellis Street and  Cawston Avenue in Kelowna. The Laurel was built in 1917 of locally  made brick and was used for many years as a fruit packinghouse and  is the first heritage designated building in Kelowna.  Wayne Wilson, Exhibits Co-ordinator of the Kelowna Centennial  Museum, has thematically and artistically set up displays that present  the storyline taking you from the orchard to the consumer and through  all facets of the industry. A catalogue of display themes includes: Irrigation, Orchards, Pruning, Spray & Pest Control, Picking, Processing, Home Preserving, Marketing and a section displaying some  of the magnificent Awards won by B.C. Growers.  School tours, group tours, lecture series and special events have  been incorporated into the Orchard Museum's programs. Lecture topics  will deal with contemporary issues of cloning and bio-control of fruit  pests as well as historical topics of irrigation, the packinghouse landscape and crate label art. An Apple Fair in October will feature 'heritage'  varieties of apples, such as Winter Banana, Jonathans and Spitzenbergs,  as well as the newer varieties such as Empire, Gala and Jonagold.  Denise Nahirney is the Public Relations/Promotions person with the B.C. Orchard Industry  Museum. Previously, she worked at the Kelowna Art Gallery. From 1974-84 Denise and her husband owned and operated an orchard/vineyard in East Kelowna.  25 Orchard Industry Museum  The grand opening of the B. C. Orchard Industry Museum. From left: MP Al Horning (Okanagan  Centre), MLA's Larry Chalmers and Cliff Serwa (Okanagan South). Ursula Surtees is on the  right in the background.  Other features of the new museum include a slide/video gallery,  a hands-on discovery corner, an apple trivia wall and a temporary exhibit space. In addition, the museum has a gift/shop that focuses on the  museum's orchard theme and carries everything from crystal apples,  brass pears and applehead characters to spiced apple greeting cards, collector's crate labels, T-shirts, spoons and much more.  To help ensure the on-going educational and promotional activities  of this new Orchard Museum, a Heritage Trust Fund has been established. Families, clubs, businesses and individuals are being encouraged  to sponsor an apple plaque or one of the golden apples on the Heritage  Tree. This Heritage Tree is a wall sculpture, entitled "Tenacity" that  features a stylized orchard tree with five golden apples. The sculpture  was created by internationally acclaimed artist Bob Dow Reid.  The British Columbia Orchard Industry Museum offers you an  enjoyable and educational experience and we invite you to make a special  effort to visit this new and unique museum.  A tour of the museum begins with:  THE ORCHARD — Identified with historical photographs,  documentation and actual wood examples from apple, pear,  26 Orchard Industry Museum  peach, plum, apricot and cherry trees as well as leaves from  these fruit trees.  IRRIGATION was imperative to the planting of the orchards  and this display contains samples of irrigation wood stave pipe,  metal pipe, concrete pipe and modern PVC pipe. There were  a great number of jobs created with the installation of dams,  flumes, irrigation ditches, — more jobs installing sprinkler  systems and on to the new drip systems used on a wide scale  today.  PEST CONTROL — Another display area exhibits samples  of the codling moth, the fruit worm and the leafroller — insects that are damaging to the fruit. PEST CONTROL was  attained by the use of chemicals, some of which are now banned.  Tools displayed include hand sprayers, pruners, saws and grafting wax.  PICKING — There are pamphlets from times gone by on 'How  to Pick' and information on grading fruit. Besides various types  of picking bags, we see a modified picking ladder, sizing apples and wire tighteners.  MINI PACKING LINE — We now move to another part of  the orchard industry — the actual packinghouse, where fruit  was sorted, graded, wrapped, boxed and readied for shipping.  Artifacts include a stripper, box making holder, assembly line,  sorting bins and conveyors with the sorting line dating back  to the 1930's.  PROCESSING — A canning machine dated 1901 was retrieved  from a Summerland cannery and is part of the display dealing  with commercial processing. Many of the canneries have disappeared from the scene.  HOME CANNING was also done in the summer kitchen or  even outdoors as we see in an interesting historic photograph  in this display. Artifacts include antique apple peelers, cherry  pitters, collector's canning jars and sealers.  AWARDS — The quality of fruit grown in B.C. and particularly in the Okanagan over this past century is excellent and on  display are elegant trophies, prestigious medals and awards that  verify this fact. The awards date back to the turn of the century and were awarded both nationally and internationally.  MARKETING OKANAGAN FRUIT became a major problem shortly after World War I when hundreds of acres of newly  planted orchard came into bearing all at once. The Canadian  crop ripened later than the Washington fruit and as a result,  prices were depressed. Several attempts were made at  establishing viable marketing boards. All attempts failed until  27 Orchard Industry Museum  1939 when B.C. Tree Fruits was set up as the growers' single  marketing agency.  CRATE LABELS — The B.C. Orchard Industry Museum has  a collection of crate labels which so visually identified the fruit  shipped across the prairies and to markets abroad. The orchard  Museum is interested in having a record of all the labels and  asks your assistance in completing this project.  TRANSPORTATION — The Kelowna Model Railway Club  has worked for several years on a large display illustrating the  transportation of the fruit by rail. In the case of the Okanagan  orchards the role of the railway was pivotal to the region's  economic success. In keeping with the museum's displays, the  railway runs between bench land orchards and a townscape  waterfront scene that is based on a blueprint of Kelowna's north  end around 1928.  HANDS ON ACTIVITIES — Try on a picking bag, size apples, check coloration of fruit, discover facts and fiction about  fruit in the demonstration area.  GIFT SHOP — The gift shop focuses on the museum's themes,  with crystal apples, brass pears, applehead characters, spiced-  apple greeting cards, crate labels, caps, T-shirts, and spoons.  PROGRAMS AND TOURS — School tours, group tours and  lecture series have been incorporated into the Orchard  Museum's programs. Lecture topics have or will be dealing with  contemporary issues of cloning and silviculture as well as  historical topics on irrigation, planting of orchards and varieties  of fruit and the art of crate labels.  SPECIAL EVENTS — An Apple Fair in October will feature  "heritage"   varieties   of  apples   such   as   Winter   Banana,  Jonathans, and Spitzenbergs as well as some of the newer  varieties.  This is the only specialty museum of its kind in B.C. devoted to  telling the story of the province's orchard development, present status  and future outlook.  28 Historical Papers  J. D. "Jack" McGuire of Salmon Arm:  The early years, 1889 — 1909  by Roland A. Jamieson  Was it predestination or a unique chain of events beginning with a  murder in "Dutch" Charlie's thriving trading post, brewery and gambling establishment that brought Jack McGuire from Winnipeg to Salmon  Arm?  In 1884 the final push was on to complete the right of way and lay  the tracks to secure for the federal government the fulfillment of their  promise of a transcontinental railway. These were exciting times!  The American known as "Dutch" Charlie was an unsavory buccaneer. He had calculated that Salmon Arm would be about midway  on the track-laying construction before the east and west tracks were  joined. This was the place to make a lot of money before the bonanza  burst.  He soon arranged to have a two-storey log building erected on the  south side of the right-of-way and directly opposite the unloading of the  steam paddlewheeler's cargo of construction material.  "Dutch" Charlie's place attracted many railway construction  workers and a few trappers. Late one night a man was murdered in the  gambling room. All the witnesses had disappeared by the time the  policeman arrived from Kamloops. Faced with an unidentified corpse  and a sullen proprietor, the constable arranged for a burial and padlocked  the premises. "Dutch" Charlie left for parts unknown, just as he came,  a man of intrigue and mystery.  The abandoned building was taken over by a squatter, one William  Wallace, who unloaded the property to a quick flip artist named Bryant.  Bryant realized a $300.00 profit as he pocketed $1,500.00 from Charles  McGuire.  Charles McGuire was the son of Alexander McGuire, a railroad  Roland Alexander Jamieson was born in Calgary, Alberta in 1914. In the 1920's his family moved  to Salmon Arm. After 35 years in the plumbing and heating business in Salmon Arm, he retired  in 1977.  29 Jack McGuire  engineer, and his wife, Agnes. Growing up in Winnipeg with his eight  brothers and sisters, Charles had left home to work as a clerk for James  Andrew Mara, who operated a successful supply and service company  in Kamloops. The business was an excellent posting for a young person. However, he realized that once the railway was completed, the need  for his services at Mara's large establishment would soon be finished.  It was then he decided to take his savings and strike out on his own.  He chose Salmon Arm.  Original McGuire Orchard 1903. Amos Harper is with the team while J.D. McGuire looks on.  The building in the centre of the picture with the multiple chimneys was Charles McGuire's first  store. The building on the right, "McGuire Hall", housed a community hall upstairs and a new  store on the ground floor. The photo courtesy of the Salmon Arm Museum and Heritage Society.  Charles had written to his mother in Winnipeg, telling her about  his plans and asking for help from his younger brother, John, a sturdy  boy of fifteen. So with his parents' blessings, John started his great adventure across a vast and sparsely settled land to an unknown destiny beyond  the Rocky Mountains in the late fall of 1889.  Soon after John arrived to help his brother with the store, Charles  had health problems, and the following year (1890) their sister Emily  arrived from Winnipeg to care for Charles. He fought a losing struggle  with galloping consumption and passed away at the age of twenty five.  He had willed all of his property and possessions to his mother.  Mrs. Agnes McGuire and her three youngest children Sam, Arthur and Maude travelled to Salmon Arm as soon as arrangements could  30 Jack McGuire  be made, leaving her husband Alexander in Winnipeg. He was still working as an engineer for the C.P.R. and would follow later. Emily and  John were glad to see their mother arrive with the younger brothers and  sister; now John could follow his heart and work the land. There were  trees everywhere which made the land clearing a slow process but with  the help of Mr. Christopher B. Harris a sizeable clearing emerged and  ready for the plow.  Mr. C B. Harris had purchased his discharge after serving two  years with the Northwest Mounted Police, stating he had purchased 160  acres of prime land in Salmon Arm, B.C. He lost no time in getting  to his property and during the winter (1889) he built a two storey log  house in anticipation of the arrival of his wife Emily and their children  from Ontario. They came in the spring of 1890 to be greeted by a loving husband and father, while mother nature revealed a glorious countryside of renewed promises for a bountiful growth for those who worked the land.  During 1890, a travelling salesman representing the L. L. May  Company of St. Paul, Minnesota received an order for some fruit trees  from the McGuire store. The trees were shipped the following spring  from Walla Walla, Washington. Mr. Harris and John McGuire planted  a Duchess Oldenburg, the first apple tree to be set in the ground in  Salmon Arm (1891) and started the McGuire orchard in the area behind  Helen Mary (nee Carson), and John David McGuire.  31 Jack McGuire  the store. The greater part of the initial tree shipment was planted out  in the valley, but time revealed that the upper elevations of land were  the best places to grow apples.  Mrs. Agnes McGuire was an energetic woman, and with the help  of her children, she began to expand their enterprise by supplying milk  and fowl to the C.P.R. Soon word of the good food at Mother McGuire's  place gave the railway crews reason enough to eat there on a regular  schedule. Home cooking at its best with generous helpings was always  given to the railway running crews as Mrs. McGuire had a soft spot  in her heart for them and she only charged them half price.  John had been planning to clear out the fallen trees and logs in  and around the little lake (McGuire Lake). One day he and Mr. Harris  were struggling with a partially submerged log when they uncovered  several human skeletons. John went over to the store and told of their  discovery. Not long after that a couple of citizens came over to the lake.  The older man offered the opinion that the remains were Chinese coolies  that had died while working for the railway construction gang. The same  man had heard that someone in Kamloops had a contract to bury any  of the Chinese who had died, in the closest cemetery. When sufficient  number of buried Chinese had been accounted for, their bodies would  be exhumed for shipment to their home land, to lay with their ancestors  in everlasting peace. The concensus of those standing by the lake, was  that someone unknown had taken the money but had not fulfilled their  agreement. The police in Kamloops were advised of the discovery.  The salvaged logs and trees were piled on the shore to dry. They  would be cut up at a later date and used for firewood in the store heaters.  A half rotted dugout Indian canoe was pulled from its concealment in  the bullrushes. As the cleanup progressed, several stone axes were unearthed along with many arrow heads. These discoveries revealed a part  of some of the early Indian history as was later confirmed by a conversation John had with Chief Leon and an older Indian named Michael  Purdabee.  Their grandmothers, as was the tradition of their tribe, were the  story tellers of the events of the past. They told of the invaders from  the south who tried unsuccessfully to take over the fishing and hunting  territories of the Shuswap Indians. These were raiding parties who came  several times until the last great battle at Cinnemousun Narrows, where  the southern Indians were defeated for the last time. The little lake skirmish was one of several around the Salmon Arm area. These victories  are recorded by picture paintings on the rock bluffs at the narrows. The  Shuswaps had retained their fishing and hunting right for the present,  but now the white man had arrived.  1894 was a memorable year for the people living in the Salmon  Arm area. It was the year of the great flood and fire. The late spring's  32 Jack McGuire  melting snow and rain overflowed the creeks until the Shuswap Lake  rose far beyond its normal capacity. All of the lowlands were covered,  and several miles of railway track were under water. The high water  quenched the fire in the locomotives, stalling the train and worrying  the passengers. The passengers with their luggage were ferried around  the flooded area and resumed their journey by emergency trains dispatched from Kamloops and Revelstoke. Regular service was resumed after  the high water had receded. (That high water mark still stands.)  The summer was very hot and dry. The high winds of July 7th  aroused some smouldering embers on a land clearing site in the Silver  Creek area, and within minutes, an uncontrolled fire swept through the  valley on both sides of the Salmon River toward the north. The fire  travelled about eight miles before it slackened its fury. The greatest  damage was reported by the following settlers: Mr. Fred McGregor,  two and one half acres of potatoes; Mr. Wallace, a barn, all the peeled  logs and lumber for his new home that he had planned to build in the  fall, and all of his crops; Mr. Raby, house and crops; Mr. Rumble,  barn, fences and four acres of potatoes; Mr. W. Shaw, house, barn,  implements, fences, and crops.  "McGuire's Grove" was a picnic and recreational park on the  lakeside behind the railway station. Here the "Glorious Twelfth", with  a visiting band and baseball team from Kamloops, was celebrated. It  was a great day with lots of music and plenty to eat and drink. The big  surprise came when the local nine defeated the visitors by a score of twenty nine to nine. Baseball fever swept the community. Both Sam and John  McGuire were elected to the executive committee of the newly formed  baseball club. A great summer was anticipated!  J.D. Cameron, a valley settler, had approached Mrs. McGuire  about purchasing some land for a proposed hotel, and along with Mr.  Tobin was already going through the valley getting signatures on a petition seeking a liquor licence. The members of the Temperance League  were aroused and loudly proclaimed that this community did not have  any money to spend on liquor!  However by the following year (1895) the hotel was built. The  Cameron House was placed on high ground, south of the railway tracks.  Mr. Cameron staged several boxing matches in the lobby of Salmon  Arm's first hotel as an inducement to enjoy the hospitality of the bar.  The Orange Lodge built a meeting hall on lower ground and east of  the Cameron House Hotel. The McGuire family erected another building  on higher ground and east of the original store. This became known  as McGuire hall and became the social centre of the community. The  hall could accommodate forty couples for dancing and was above the  new store. The first store was turned into the family home with enough  space for an extra boarder who usually became part of the family while  33 Jack McGuire  they lived there. Pioneer hospitality was part of the McGuire tradition.  Every passing year brought expanded growth to the area, with increased acreage under cultivation as the settlers cleared the trees from  the land and sold the logs to the Bray den and Johnson mill by the Salmon  River just three miles west of the McGuire store. This big mill was  powered by a large steam boiler and was the principal employer in the  district. There was a growing need for organized planning and direction, with the greatest need being good roads. Early spring brought mud  that was nearly impassable, trying the temper of anyone driving a loaded wagon.  During 1904 a movement to incorporate the area into a legal entity resulted in a provincial proclamation. On May 5th, 1905, the  Municipality of Salmon Arm was established and the Charter required  the election of a reeve and four councillors. A well attended nomination meeting on May 22nd, 1905, settled on Joe Harbell for reeve and  produced five names for councillors. Mr. W.H. Kew withdrew his name  before election day, and so William Baker, John Johnson, Donnel Sinclair  and Hamilton Donnelly were declared elected by acclamation. The first  council meeting after the May 29th election was held on June 17th, where  a ward system was introduced, with each councillor responsible for the  affairs within his ward. There were fourteen council meetings plus two  special meetings during the first year of their tenure.  By the end of the year, several appointments were made, and two  by-laws were enacted. Mr. Hobson was appointed Municipal Clerk (no  salary indicated), John Leonard was appointed constable at $1.00 per  month, while Robert Turner was selected as assessor at $60.00 per  annum.  At a special meeting a by-law was passed authorizing $200.00 to  be borrowed from the Bank of Hamilton. Further discussion included  the following subjects: (a) dog tax, (b) rate bylaw, (c) public morals,  (d) household voters, (e) cemetery bylaw (held over), and (f) a proposed pier on Shuswap Lake (a Federal matter - further discussion and information required).  The McGuire family was about to take the first step in what would  be the start of the most dramatic "Boom Years" for Salmon Arm. Several  citizens had approached Mrs. McGuire about opening up her property  for development. The family's response was to build another store (their  third) on the choicest corner of the proposed business section development. In August Mrs. McGuire wrote a letter to the council outlining  the subdivision plan and stated she would have the property surveyed  if the council would guarantee that the land would not be taxed beyond  farm value until the lots were sold.  There was no response from the council, so in December John  McGuire, speaking on behalf of his mother, faced the council, again  34 Jack McGuire  requesting tax relief for a period of five years on the twelve acres until  the lots were sold. He furthermore offered one free lot for a town hall  and agreed that the balance of the land could be used as a commonage  until the lots were sold. He requested that a bylaw be prepared for the  taxpayer's consideration.  The council did not act right away as they were pondering a similar  request from the Brayden and Johnson sawmill for tax relief on their  mill machinery. The firm promised to keep ten local men working if  their request was granted. Two bylaws were prepared and presented  to the taxpayers after a new council was elected in January. February  5th, 1906 was the day the taxpayers approved both bylaws.  Townsite exemption bylaw (yes — 46) (no — 35)  Brayden & Johnson mill exemption (yes — 42) (no — 39)  Mrs. McGuire hired land surveyor Peter Burnet of Enderby, B.C.  who carried out the necessary work and filed the plans with the Land  Registry Office in Kamloops for approval. The lots were sold very quickly, and the building boom got started. The sound of construction was  heard for all of the daylight hours for several years.  1907 was a memorable time. The business area was filling up and  many new homes and barns were under construction throughout the  valley. There was a feeling of progress and prosperity to everyone. The  Federal wharf (a $5000.00 contract) was being built on the foreshore  of the Shuswap Lake opposite McGuire's first store. The wharf could  not be used until the channel was dredged. It was the first week in May  1908 when the paddle wheeler Ethel Ross, with the dredge in tow, arrived for the long awaited channel project to be underway. The Federal  Government allocated $2000.00 for the job, which was expected to take  between three or four months to complete.  Another notable event was the establishment of the Salmon Arm  Observer, whose owners were the Fraser brothers, formerly of Enderby. Their first issue was published on October 10th, 1907, and was well  supported by the local merchants with regular advertisements.  Both John and Sam McGuire were strong supporters of community growth and served on numerous committees with their enthusiasm  and natural acumen. Sam McGuire, the storekeeper and postmaster,  served five years as the schoolboard secretary. John McGuire, the family  spokesman and farmer decided to enter local politics.  The new year (1908) heralded another election with considerable  discontent among the ratepayers. John McGuire decided to run as councillor for Ward One with the platform:  I believe in conservative public improvement consistent with the finances of the  municipality. I am also in favour of the abolition of all statute labour, and in its place  doing work as much as possible by "Contract labour" on a sound business basis. If  elected, I shall work faithfully for the best interest of the district.  (Salmon Arm Observer, Jan.  14, 1908)  35 Jack McGuire  He won the poll with 54 votes, while his opponent, W.A. Palmer,  received 25 votes.  There was pressure from every part of the municipality. Many  delegations were demanding road improvements. Ward One had the  greatest number of requests, including sidewalks, fire protection, a  reliable water supply, electric power and schools. Many of the business  men felt that Ward One should separate from the municipality and incorporate as a city. There was not enough revenue to do everything,  so the council was considering borrowing money through debentures  or bonds.  By late fall in another long council meeting, Councillor McGuire  proposed writing to the Attorney General of British Columbia, requesting  that a provincial policeman be stationed in Salmon Arm. The growth  of the community had created problems beyond the capacity of the local  court and policeman.  Prior to 1900, the town school was held at any place that could be  rented for a school term, and it seemed that the school was in a different building each year. The new Salmon Arm east school (town) was  constructed during 1900, and there followed a succession of teachers who  hoped to better themselves by moving on. One teacher, Miss Helen Carson, felt there was a future for Salmon Arm, and she renewed her contract for another term. She had been teaching at Lillooet, B.C., near  her home, "Carson's Kingdom", a pioneer ranch established before  the turn of the century. The ranch sat high on a plateau on Pavillion  Mountain.  Two items of interest appeared in the Observer, mid January 1909:  "To whom it may concern: Will the person or persons, who quietly removed the heater from the alley behind the S.H. Lawrence's house  call at J. Day's house where they can get the stovepipe and some kindling. J. Day  Ward One: J.D. McGuire elected by acclamation."  The Fraser brothers, after less than two years of publishing the  Observer, sold their paper to Mr. George W. Armstrong, recently of Vernon, B.C. Mr. Armstrong announced that the paper would serve the  district and surrounding areas without political bias but with strong encouragement for development of this beautiful lake country. The paper  would be known as The Salmon Arm Observer and Shuswap Lake Recorder.  A year had passed since councillor McGuire introduced a fire protection bylaw. After many discussions, a lot of prodding from the business  community and several critical editorials by George Armstrong, the council decided to order an Ever-ready Chemical Fire Wagon, equipped with  two fifty gallon tanks and pumps. The unit weighed 3500 lbs., and was  manufactured by the Brandon Engine Company. It was delivered  for $1,200.00 with instructions.  36 Jack McGuire  George Armstrong, the newspaper editor, gave excellent coverage  of the council meetings and was influential in the formation of the Board  of Trade. He noted that the town would look more prosperous if the  buildings were painted. Another item reported the death of William  McGuire of Tacoma, Washington, son of Mr. and Mrs. Alexander  McGuire of Salmon Arm. J.D. McGuire attended the funeral of his  brother and reported that William was sick for only two days with  pneumonia, dead at about 45 years of age.  Another innovation for the Observer was a front page listing of each  of the three hotels' registration for the week. The Montebello was the  largest and most recent, and it employed Chinese cooks. The Alexandra Hotel on Hudson Street advertised all white help. The Coronation  Hotel (formerly the Cameron House and the Empress Hotel, a name  change with each new owner) offered the most reasonable rates with  the finest view.  Councillor McGuire maintained an aggressive approach to his duties  for Ward One, taking a lead with matters before council. The crowded  agenda included road improvements, cleaning up "the disgraceful mess"  at the cemetery, seeking help from the Provincial Government with sharing the cost of building and maintaining secondary roads, continuing  negotiations with the Adams River Power Company about supplying  electricity to the municipality, and awarding a contract for wooden  sidewalks for Ward One. The municipality would establish the grade  and level the work site. E.R. Williams bid seven cents and J.L. Jackson  quoted eight cents per linear foot, installed.  Ward One became a full time job for Councillor McGuire, and  he began to feel the pressure of his responsibility. He had to make decisions on several ongoing projects that had to be completed before fall.  He was a man of action, and it was this zeal that got him into a heated  discussion with his fellow councillors.  It was a hot midsummer evening when Councillor McGuire asked  why the bills for Ward One had not been paid. "They must be paid,"  he said, "or the people will think I am robbing the municipality." He  offered to resign in which case the accounts would have to be paid by  the municipality.  Each Ward had a budget of $500.00 and Councillor McGuire had  exceeded that amount by $400.00. McGuire said that he did not believe  it! However, the clerk produced the bills that confirmed the amount.  Each councillor had something to say about the matter, yet all of them  agreed that full value had been received for the extra expenditure. The  Reeve concurred with the general feeling of the meeting and suggested  that a grant of $400.00 could be made from the business licence fund,  now showing a $1,000.00 credit balance, collected from the Ward One  businesses. By now the cool of the evening had taken possession of the  37 Jack McGuire  meeting and Councillor McGuire made a promise to keep a closer watch  of his accounts in the future.  An advertisement in the Observer revealed that the Steamer Andover  would be making regular biweekly trips between Kamloops and Salmon  Arm. It advertised "special family rates for a daylight cruise of scenic  wealth", and was signed "George B. Ward Master". The Salmon Arm  wharf was a busy port with a great amount of freight loaded and consigned to construction and logging sites in many locations around the  lake.  The school trustees were investigating the possibility of opening a  high school for the district. The student fees would be in line with their  neighbouring communities of Armstrong and Vernon. A search for a  qualified teacher would begin after information about high school regulations was received from the provincial authorities in Victoria.  The Board of Trade, in conjunction with the Agricultural Society,  had sponsored several prize winning exhibits of fruit and grain at the  Calgary Exhibition and now were setting their sights on the British Columbia Provincial Exhibition at New Westminster.  The council was under fire from the critical pen of the Observer's  editor, George Armstrong, who prodded them about their lack of action in several matters. The fire engine was rusting for lack of a proper  storage shed, and there were only four tanks of recharging gas for the  chemical tanks. The firemen could not hold a full-scale practice, and  there was insufficient gas to combat a full-scale fire. The editor then  referred to a recent tragic hotel fire in Vernon, where eleven lives had  been lost, and said, "we would not want that to happen here due to  a lack of recharging gas for our fire engine." The editor suggested that  a suitable place for the storage of the chemical fire wagon would be a  shed built next to the livery stable on Hudson Street, where "fresh horses  are available at all times". The final paragraph pointed out the urgent  need for a building bylaw. The entire business section had been constructed from wood, without any regulations, and some of the buildings  were very close together, an invitation for a major fire.  The Agricultural Society and the Board of Trade, through the columns of the Observer, advocated the building of a suitable structure to  house the Fall Fair, with stalls and a show ring, which in the winter  could be used as a skating rink. The logical move would be for the  municipality to acquire four or five acres of land as a recreational site  and place the Agricultural Building on it.  Councillor McGuire had other things on his mind. He had just  awarded Gibbard and Boutwell a contract to build a substantial new house  on his recently purchased farm located on the south side of  town. $3,000.00 was quoted as the figure for the job. It would be completed in time to house his new bride.  38 Jack McGuire  The rumours that had been circulating around the town for the  past several weeks were confirmed on the front page of the Observer, dated  September 10th, 1909:  WEDDING BELLS  A pretty wedding was solemnized on Tuesday, September 7th at  the home of the bride's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Robert Carson, Pavilion  Farm, Pavilion, B.C. when their daughter Helen Mary (Ellen) was united  in matrimony to John David McGuire of Salmon Arm, by Reverend  James Turner. Miss E.J. Carson, sister to the bride, acted as bridesmaid,  while Robert Carson Jr., brother of the bride, supported the groom.  Both bride and bridesmaid were attired in pretty gowns of cream panama  cloth. The groom's present to his bride was a handsome pearl necklace,  to the bridesmaid a pearl pin and an opal scarf pin to the groomsman.  Immediately after partaking of the wedding breakfast, the happy couple left on an extended honeymoon to the coast cities and California.  RESEARCH REFERENCES  Alison, William. "Steamboats on the Shuswap" Okanagan History. The 49th Report of the OHS,  1985. Page 48.  Centennial History of Salmon Arm. Compiled by Ernest Doe, Salmon Arm Observer, 1971.  Eagle Valley Views, 100 Years. Prepared by the Sicamous-Eagle Valley Centennial Book Committee,  Friesen, 1985.  Fall, Fay. "C.B. Harris Family" Okanagan History. The 52nd Report of the OHS, 1988. Page 28.  Pioneers of Revelstoke. Revelstoke Senior Citizen Association. 1986.  Salmon Arm Scrapbook. Salmon Arm Museum & Heritage Association, Cary Printing, Salmon Arm,  1980.  The Salmon Arm Observer on film at the Salmon Arm branch of the Okanagan Library (I read  from 1907 to 1909).  Personal conversations over many years.  *Mr. & Mrs. (Helen) John D. McGuire and their three sons, Carson, Alex and George. Our  family arrived in Salmon Arm in 1924, and after three moves became near neighbours to the  McGuire family (1928). Their kindness and generosity to the Jamiesons and their seven children  during the "hard times" has been a cherished memory of good neighbours.  *Ernest and Margaret Doe (a niece to Helen McGuire) good friends for many years.  * Ronald Turner (nephew to John McGuire) and a friend and classmate in school.  *M.M.'Matt'Carroll, the first fire chief and my first employer (1928) at age 14. I received  my first experience as a plumber's helper during the summer holidays.  *Donnel 'Dan' Sinclair taught me the value of a "handshake deal" and his son George encouraged me to give up smoking before I turned 15. It was a corncob pipe.  39 Kelowna's Lawyers  A Study of the Growth of the Legal  Profession in Kelowna 1903 — 1988  O. Arthur Strandquist  By the time of the incorporation of the City of Kelowna in 1905, law  practices had been established in the community. The growth of the legal  profession in Kelowna kept pace with the growth of the community.  Kelowna's growth was quite slow at first. In 1903 John Ford Burne was  the first solicitor to practise here.  John Ford Burne  Mr. John Ford Burne was born  in Aldermaston, Berkshire, England  on August 12, 1867. At the age of  nine he was sent off to boarding  school, and thence to Haileybury  where he completed his schooling.  His uncle was a well known solicitor  in Bath, so his parents decided that  young John should follow the same  profession. He was called to the Bar  and admitted as a solicitor in 1890.  However he decided that he would  rather be a farmer in Canada.  On his arrival in Canada he  headed for the Northwest Territories  where he accepted work on a wheat  farm in what is now known as  Manitoba. After three months he  realized his error. In the process of  qualifying to practise in Canada he  was made a Notary Public and  enrolled as an Advocate. He spent several years in the practice of law  at Pincher Creek, Alberta.  He was an ardent Freemason and wherever he went, he worked  to establish Lodges. He was a charter member and past master of Spit-  zie Lodge at Pincher Creek. About 1900 he was in practice in Ymir,  near Nelson in Southern B.C. where he spent about 5 years. While there  he became a charter member and the first Worshipful Master of Ymir  Lodge #31. In 1903, just before moving to this area, the Grand Master  John Ford Burne  The first lawyer in Kelowna, 1903 and  after whom Burne Ave. is named.  O. Arthur Strandquist is an accountant in Kelowna. He is presently the editorial chairman for  the Kelowna OHS Branch, and historian for St. George's Lodge #41.  40 Kelowna's Lawyers  appointed him to the rank and dignity of District Deputy Grand Master  for the southern portion of the Interior. In this capacity he was appointed  to constitute St. George's Lodge #41 in Kelowna in August 1905.  In 1903 he arrived in Kelowna with his family. He became the first  solicitor to practise here. A week later Mr. R.B. Kerr arrived to set up  his own practice. Burne, who according to his daughter was popularly  called "John Fat" Burne because of his size, set up an independent practice. He was later joined by Mr. Anthony Temple, and they adopted  the firm name oi Burne and Temple. When Mr. Temple was killed in W. W.  I, Mr. Burne went into partnership with Mr. E. C Weddell in 1917,  and thus became a charter member of the Law firm now known as Weddell, Horn and Company, which is the oldest continuously operating law  firm in Kelowna. Many of Mr. Burne's certificates are hanging proudly in the ante room.  When Kelowna was incorporated as a city in 1905, he became the  first Police Magistrate. Two years later he was made the first judge of  the local Small Debts Court. One of his great loves was the Kelowna  Aquatic Association, and he was on the Directorate from 1916 to 1929,  serving as President in 1916, 1921 and 1922. He enjoyed many congenial hours with his friends of the Kelowna Club and was President  of this organization in 1910 and 1911. Because of his impartiality and  his unfailing friendly attitude toward them, the Chinese respected him  greatly and showered him with gifts at Chinese New Year.  He usually wore a broad brimmed Stetson hat. His daughter has  written: ''..with this hat, his large torso, small legs and feet and invariably  a pipe in his mouth he made an ideal subject for the caricaturist." Mr.  Burne subsequently moved to Salmo B.C. where he died on the 13th  of December 1938 at the age of 71 years and 4 months. Burne Avenue  is a reminder of Mr. Burne's contributions to the early life of Kelowna.  (Mary E. Woods, his daughter, has written an excellent biography  of her father in the 24th OHS Report to whom thanks is due for filling  in the gaps in this study.)  Edwin C. Weddell, Q.C.  Mr. Edwin C Weddell Q,.C, was the first high school graduate in  Kelowna in 1907. Shortly after graduation he departed for Vancouver  to become a lawyer. Following six years of articles with Davis and Company of Vancouver, he was called to the Bar in 1913. At the urging of  Dr. Boyce he returned to Kelowna and associated himself with Mr.  Burne. Dr. Boyce felt this would be a useful association because Mr.  Burne practised as a solicitor only, whereas Mr. Weddell was a barrister. They continued in practice here together until about 1929 when  41 Kelowna's Lawyers  Mr. Burne moved to Salmo. The Firm now operates under the name  of Weddell, Horn and Company.  Mr. Weddell was the City Solicitor from 1929 until his death in  1962. It is not generally known that he also introduced the game of basketball to the City of Kelowna through the Boy Scout Troop he had established. He went on to become District Commissioner of the Boy Scouts.  He was active in a large number of community organizations and took  an interest in all sporting activities. He was named Kings Counsel in  1947 which was the first appointment of Kings Counsel following World  War II. During the War the appointments had been suspended.  He served the church as the Chancellor of the Anglican Synod for  many years.  In the late 60's the Weddell Horn firm also opened an office in  Rutland, selling out to Mr. Casey Wood after a few years.  Thomas Finley McWilliams  Mr. Thomas Finley McWilliams  served in the 2nd Canadian Mounted  Rifles during WW I. Following the  war he articled with Cochrane and  Ladner of Vernon and was called to  the Bar in 1921. He decided to settle in Kelowna where he found that  Mr. R.B. Kerr wanted to retire and  return to Scotland. Arrangements  were made and McWilliams took  over Kerr's practice. Mr. Kerr returned to Scotland where he died.  For approximately ten years  from 1937 to 1947 Mr. McWilliams  filled the appointments of City Police  Magistrate and Stipendiary Magistrate for the District. It seems that  the City paid him $200.00 per month  and for each conviction as Stipendiary  Magistrate he received $3.50. His  Magistrates duties took considerable  time from his practice, and he requested an increase in his salary to make  up, to some extent, for the loss from his practice. This was refused, so  he returned to full time practice.  Late in 1956 Mr. McWilliams had the first of a series of heart attacks and was confined to hospital. He sent a message to Mr. Bilsland,  Thomas Finley McWilliams  Called to the Bar in 1921, Mr. McWilliams  practiced in Kelowna until his death in 1965.  42 Kelowna's Lawyers  who was practising under the name of ' iMoir and Bilsland'', asking if  he would join him in partnership. After talking it over with Mr. Moir  it was decided to go ahead, the partnership to be called "McWilliams,  Bilsland and Moir''. The understanding was that sooner or later, when  Mr. McWilliams decided to retire, Mr. Moir would come up here and  would become an active member of the firm in the Kelowna area.  In 1961, Mr. McWilliams had more heart attacks and it was decided  that he and Mr. Bilsland should take in someone else since Mr. Moir  was not yet ready to leave Vancouver. Mr. Percy Tinker joined them  in July 1961. Mr. McWilliams died in 1965.  Herbert Vivian Craig  Mr. Craig was born in County  Wicklow, Ireland, about 1882. Arriving in Canada he eventually obtained employment in the Public  Service and some time later he  became the Registrar in the  Kamloops Land Registry Office. He  decided to leave the Public Service  and set up private practice in  Kelowna in 1921.  After practising for many years  alone, Mr. Craig, in the mid 40's,  took as an Articled Student, Mr.  Humphrey Blake. At any rate Mr.  Craig, on St. Patricks day 1949,  rather appropriately because he was  Irish, died. It has been said ... "that  the place and circumstances of his  death were certainly fitting for the  old war-horse he was". The case involved an alleged infraction of the  Wartime Rental Control Act. Mr. Craig was late for Court. He climbed  the steps of the Court House, a bungalow on Queensway, swept into  the courtroom and began his usual beguiling speech to the Stipendiary  Magistrate, who was Col. H.H. Angle (after whom the local Armoury  is named); "May I beg the Court's indulgence for my unpardonable  tardiness..." and dropped dead on the courtroom floor. His death rattle, according to Mr. Hayman who was opposing counsel that morning, was the final punctuation of a dramatic career.  In his will Mr. Craig provided that ..."Anyone who does me the  Herbert V. Craig  Came from the Kamloops Land Registry  Office in 1921.  43 Kelowna's Lawyers  honour of attending my funeral shall have a drink on me". His executor  saw that a bottle of whiskey was placed on every table in both the Kelowna  Club and the Canadian Legion club rooms. What started as a dull, cold  and sombre day became a bright and happy Wake.  T.G. Norris, Q.C.  Following service in WW I, Mr. Norris had joined the Soldier Settlement Board as staff solicitor and was stationed in Vernon. When the  Soldier Settlement Board terminated his duties, he moved to Kelowna  to enter private practice in Kelowna. He and Mr. McWilliams formed  a partnership in 1923 that went on until 1927 when they decided to set  up individual practices. In 1935, Mr. Norris took a partner in the person of Mr. D.C. (Don) Fillmore, and they in turn took a third partner  by the name of Mr. William Bredin. Apparently they practised first on  Ellis St. across the lane from where Pete's Barber-stylists are now located.  They had installed a large fire-proof vault and during recent alterations  (1987) for other tenants, the vault was finally dismantled. From here  they moved their offices to Water St. across from the B.C. Tree Fruits  office. Mr. Norris moved to Vancouver in 1935. The method of acquiring  his Vancouver home may be interesting.  Mr. J.H. Horn, the father of our James T.F. Horn, and his family  were living in Vancouver. On a trip to England they heard that Mr.  Norris wanted to settle in Vancouver so Mr. Horn, Senior, sent a  telegram to Norris saying, "Understand you are moving to Vancouver.  We are moving to Kelowna. Will you trade houses?" The reply was  very simple, apparently a typical Norris telegram. He just said "Yes",  and nothing more. How often does one hear about conveyancing by  telegram.  Some time after settling in Vancouver he became a judge of the  Supreme Court of B.C. and was later elevated to the B.C. Court, of  Appeal. He also sat as the Royal Commissioner who inquired into the  problems in the St. Lawrence Seaway involving the Seafarers' Union.  Rae George Ritchie  Before the turn of the century the Ritchie family came from the United  States, through the Annapolis Valley and then to Vancouver where Mr.  Ritchie was born in 1895, the eldest of three boys and a girl. The "girl"  is Mrs. Hazel McDougal who still lives in Kelowna (1989).  Mr. Ritchie was educated in Kelowna and is reported to have been  a good student. After graduation in 1913 or 1914 he went to McGill  44 Kelowna's Lawyers  to study Law. WW I broke out and he joined the army (P.P.C.L.I.)  detachment from McGill and served overseas. Following the War, he  completed his education and returned to Vancouver where he articled  with Ellis & Brown in 1920.  For approximately 10 years from 1921, he practised law as a single  practitioner in Kelowna. About 1931 he ceased the practice of law and  accepted employment as a fruit inspector. About 1940 he again enlisted  and was employed as a recruiting officer for the duration. Following  the war he established a second-hand store which was the fore-runner  of what we now know as "Ritchie Bros. Auctioneers". His son John  remembers that his father had a good sense of humour, was always helping his friends, and was never known to drink or smoke.  He died in 1972 at the age of 76 years.  Donald Clark Fillmore  Mr. Fillmore was born and raised in Vancouver and graduated from  UBC in 1932. Following attendance at Osgoode Hall in Toronto he  articled to a Mr. Howard Green and was called to the bar on July 2nd,  1935. Incidentally, Mr. Green later became a Minister in the first Conservative Government of the Rt. Hon. John G. Diefenbaker. In 1935  Mr. Fillmore came to Kelowna to give Mr. Norris a hand and never left.  On the outbreak of WW II all three members of the Norris firm  volunteered for service. Norris and Bredin were accepted while Fillmore  was turned down because he was under weight. This was his greatest  disappointment in life. And so he practised alone for five years.  Mr. Hayman, who once worked with Mr. Fillmore, has provided  the following insight into his character. "He was meticulous in his choice  of words, grammar, punctuation, emphasis and excruciatingly careful  in his drafting. He fought against what he called 'perpetuating errors',  the earmark of the sloppy draftsman where an error creeps into a precedent and is copied and repeated time after time. For example, on his  front doorbell are the words 'The Fillmores' plural, not 'The Fillmore's'  possessive, an error seen on almost every sign in town."  Mr. Fillmore was legal advisor to the B.C. Fruit Growers' Association for many years. He has been given credit for being the author of  our Natural Products Marketing Act. For his contribution to the industry, he was made a life member of the B.C.F.G.A., the only person  outside the industry to be so honoured.  In due course Mr. Fillmore was elected President of the Bar Association. He was appointed a Q.C and could have had a judgeship, but,  for personal reasons, he turned it down. By 1961 other changes had taken  place in the Fillmore firm. To replace Borne and Hayman, he took in  45 Kelowna's Lawyers  Mr. Bob Beairsto and Mr. Bob Gilhooly. Later he took in Mr. Norman  Mullins as counsel and subsequently, Mr. Gordon Munch was hired  to replace Mr. Mullins. Mr. John Peacock and Mr. Robert Porter were  later added to the firm.  On the dissolution of his old firm, he joined Warren Berge and Company, subsequently affiliating with Mr. Bob Beairsto and Mr. John Swanson, as associate counsel. In July 1985 the Kelowna Daily Courier reported  that . . ." A special luncheon was held by the Kelowna Bar Association  at the Royal Anne Hotel recently to honor Donald Fillmore's 50 years  as a lawyer.. .he was presented with an engraved gold letter opener and  praised for his thorough and meticulous work and contributions to the  legal community."  He was giving opinions as late as the week prior to his death on  April 20th, 1986.  William Bredin  Mr. William Bredin has been described as lawyer, actor, and raconteur.  He joined Morris and Fillmore sometime after 1935. At the outbreak of  hostilities in 1939, he was accepted into the Armed Services. It is believed  that he served with the Judge Advocate General's Branch eventually  being present at the Nuremburg Trials after the war. He was a leader  in Little Theatre and when the war was over he decided to stay in England  and take part in theatre there. He enjoyed this life and was doing well  when he was stricken with cancer and died in the late 1940's.  Kelowna Bylaw #5, February, 1910.  The Owner, Lessee or Tenant of any Dwelling House, Hotel, Saloon, Boarding House, Restaurant, Store, Factory, School or any other occupancy using  a privy box or urinal shall pay the scavenger or his agent the sum of fifty cents  for removing the contents of each privy box and the sum of twenty-five cents  for removing the contents of each urinal.  46 Kelowna's Lawyers  Robert M. Hayman  Mr. R.M. (Bob) Hayman is a native  son. His father was Captain Len A.  Hayman, the first ferry boat captain  on the Okanagan. He plied his craft  from Kelowna to and from the west  side, long before the bridge was  built. Just before war was declared  in 1939, Bob obtained his B.A.  degree and began his articles. We  know that war can do strange things,  and in this case it caused Bob to require 8 years to complete his articles.  Others may have had a similar experience but the details of Hayman's  journey to the Bar are immediately  available and so are outlined here.  In August 1939 Mr. Hayman  was articled to Mr. C.C.I. Merritt,  K.C of Walsh, Bull and Co., Vancouver. From January to March  1940 his Articles were assigned to  Mr. R.O.D. Harvey of Victoria. In July 1940 his Articles were further  assigned to Mr. Russell Twining oi Harvey and Twining for the duration  of the war.  Mr. Hayman was obviously an absent member of that firm because  he spent the next five years in His Majesty's Canadian Naval Service  where, as a signals officer, he hoisted flags for Sir John Arthur Power,  Vice Admiral, Second in Command of the Eastern Fleet. He took part  in the air strikes against the Japanese in the Java, Sumatra and the Andaman Islands. He retired from the Navy having achieved the rank of  Lieutenant.  In September, 1945 Mr. Hayman returned to Kelowna where he  articled with Mr. D.C Fillmore, Q.C until July 1947. He was called  to the Bar on July 14th 1947, eight years after he had begun his articles  with Col. Merritt. After about 10 years with Mr. Fillmore he left to  join the firm of Russell and Dumoulin in Vancouver where he was one  of their top counsels. Later he spent some time in Ft. Nelson and finally returned to practise in Kelowna.  He retired in 1987 and now (1988) enjoys playing piano for the  Dreamland Dance Band. He has completed the compilation and arrangement of his Dad's memoirs into a book, Captain Len's Ferry Tales.  Bob Hayman  Now retired and checking his book —  "hot off the press".  47 Kelowna's Lawyers  Cyril G. Beeston  Mr. Beeston, was born in Winnipeg, Manitoba on the 29th of March  1890. He graduated in Arts at the age of 18. In 1910 he moved to Nelson,  B.C. and was articled to the firm oi Hamilton, Lennie and Wragge. As there  were no law schools he studied in the evening after work. Every year  he went down to Victoria to write exams. He had his last year of articles with the firm oi Jackson and Baker in Victoria. He was called to  the Bar in July 1914.  With the outbreak of war in 1914, he enlisted in the Canadian Navy  as an Assistant Stoker. He was assigned to H.M.C.S. Rainbow. Desiring more action, he applied for, and received, his discharge from the  Navy and joined the Army as a Private in the 48th Battalion.  The 48th Battalion proceeded overseas and later ended up in France.  He served in the Ypres-Salient and at Menin Gate and Menin Road  near Ypres before returning to England to qualify as a commissioned  officer. Following his commissioning he joined the British Battery in  Egypt, from there he was sent to the Balkans and thence to the Palestine  Front. In December 1917, he took part in the capture of Jerusalem and  about the same time he encountered Lawrence of Arabia dressed in his  Arab costume.  Returning to Canada following the war, Mr. Beeston established  a practice in Vancouver. Following Pearl Harbour he again enrolled  in the Army and was sent to England where he was placed in charge  of training camps. Returning to Canada he was appointed Officer Commanding the Vernon-Okanagan Area for a time and then became Judge  Advocate General for Western Canada.  In 1946, he moved to Kelowna with most of his work being as  counsel. He was President of the Board of Trade (as it was then called),  also President of the Canadian Club, Museum Association, and the  Kelowna Bar Association. He retired in 1973 at the age of 82 because  he was beginning to have difficulty with his eye sight.  David Hayward  Sometime in 1947-48 a Mr. David Hayward opened a practice. He remained active for only a few years when in the 50's he left to become  a Baptist Missionary. It is believed that he is still serving the church  in India.  Michael C. Borne  In 1952 Mr. Michael C Borne came to Kelowna. He became associated  with Don Fillmore and Bob Hayman in the law firm oi Fillmore, Hayman  48 Kelowna's Lawyers  and Borne. He moved to England, about 1957, where he practised law  in London. It is understood that he was also appointed to some kind  of a commission relative to Israel. He has re-visited Kelowna only once  since he left, but has been heard from recently (1989) and is now living  in Iden, Nr Rye, East Sussex, England.  John D. Layton  It was in the 50's that Mr. Layton became an associate of Mr. E.C  Weddell, Q.C. where he replaced Mr. H. Robinson (now Hon. Judge  Robinson). Some time later Mr. Layton went to Kamloops where he  practised until he was raised to the Provincial Court Bench and is now  a Judge of the Provincial Court at Vancouver.  Stewart and Dorothy Harrison-Smith  About 1952 or 1953 Mr. Stewart Harrison-Smith and his wife Dorothy  set up practices in Kelowna. They did something a little different. They  started up branch offices in Rutland, Westbank and Peachland, and they  got a good number of clients in those areas. It appears that as a result  of their initiative, local residents of those communities could have legal  assistance close at hand instead of running into Kelowna or perhaps Penticton to get legal help. Thus it can be imagined that what they did probably increased the need for legal services in the area.  They were active in the Chamber of Commerce, and Mr. Harrison-  Smith became the President of the C of C in the late 50's or early 60's.  They were also quite involved in politics. Dorothy became the National  Chairwoman of the Conservative Women of Canada, and Stewart  became the president of the Conservative Association of B.C. They lived  in a house on Abbott Street near Strathcona Park, facing the lakeshore,  and in fact, on the beach. During the campaign which resulted in Mr.  Diefenbaker being elected as the Prime Minister of Canada, he visited  their house one day where he rested up for a major address he was giving that night in Kelowna.  The Harrison-Smiths were Solicitors for a company called The Commonwealth Trust Company. This company, which had been set up in Vancouver with branch offices around the province, including Kelowna, got  into financial difficulties. Although the Harrison-Smiths were in no way  implicated in any of the problems of the company they felt that some  of the reputation of that company had undeservedly fallen on their  shoulders. Sometime in the 60's they and their son went to California.  Mrs. Harrison-Smith had come from Redding, California and they  49 Kelowna's Lawyers  located in what was a former mining community in the mountains just  a few miles west of Redding. All three of them qualified in California  and opened a practice. They are evidently quite happy and are heard  from occasionally.  Brian C. Weddell Q.C.  In 1955 Mr. Brian C Weddell,  Q.C. after graduating from Law  School returned to Kelowna to complete his articles. He was called to  the Bar in 1956 and went into practice with his father, Mr. E.C Weddell, Q.C. and his father's associate  Mr. John Layton.  Brian Weddell has held positions in a number of community and  professional activities, including  President of the Yale Bar and  Kelowna Bar Associations, as well  as being President of the Interior  Basketball Association. He was on  the Council of the B.C. Sub-section  of the Canadian Bar Association. He  was an ardent skier and for a  number of years he was responsible  for the Nancy Green Ski Programme  at Big White Ski Resort. He also  served as Chairman of the Kelowna General Hospital.  After the death of his father in 1962, Brian Weddell became the  City Solicitor and also donned the mantel of Chancellor of the Anglican  Synod worn by his father for so many years. On April 1st, 1974 he joined  the Attorney General's office as the Regional Crown Counsel for the  Okanagan and the Kootenays. This was at the time that the N.D.P.  government of the day took over all the prosecuting in the province from  the municipalities, who had previously handled it for criminal matters  within their boundaries.  Brian C. Weddell, Q.C.  Crown Prosecutor from 1974 to 1?  Humphrey Blake  Humphrey was a law student in 1946-47, when he was articled to Mr.  H.V. Craig. He was articling under a system that was permitted by  50 Kelowna's Lawyers  the Benchers of the Law Society after WW II for veterans. Instead of  putting in 12 months of articles at one stretch they were permitted to  break them down into three four month stretches in the summer between  their years at the law school at UBC. He put in two summers with Mr.  Craig, 1947 and 1948, and then he returned to university for another  year of formal study when Mr. Craig died.  Immediately following her husband's death, Mrs. Craig phoned  to Humphrey Blake at the Law School to ascertain if he could return  to Kelowna right away to take over the practice, even though he was  just a law student. The Dean said that he could do that, and since the  final examinations were imminent, he gave permission to write the supplemental examinations in August. Mr. Blake came to Kelowna and  with the assistance of a secretary, worked all summer in Craig's office.  The Law Society also advised him, during the course of the summer,  that if he passed the supplemental in August, he would then have to  hire a lawyer to whom he could article himself, because they couldn't  let him, as a student, carry on alone. He appears to have done so because  it is understood that he did have a practice of his own for a few years.  In mid 1956, because of his serious illness, the Law Society took  over the practice, and advertised its availability in Vancouver.  Allan W. Bilsland  Mr. Allan W. Bilsland was born in  the lower mainland and after  graduating from Kitsilano High  School, he joined the R.C.A.F. He  became a pilot with Coastal Command serving in such far off places  as the United Kingdom, Malta,  Tunisia, Egypt and Palestine. After  taking his release from the Service  he attended the University of B.C.  where, in 1949, he graduated with  a degree in Arts. For the next year  he studied history at the University  of Toronto. In the fall of 1950 he  entered the law school at U.B.C.  from whence he graduated in 1954.  Most students require additional  funding while pursuing a higher  education, and Mr. Bilsland can tell  many interesting stories of the three  summers he worked for the C.P.R.  as a Sleeping Car Conductor.  Allan W. Bilsland  Has been in active practice in Kelowna  since the autumn of 1956.  51 Kelowna's Lawyers  For the first six months following graduation he was articled to the  large firm of Bull Housser & Tupper. Desiring experience in a smaller  organization, his articles were assigned, for the final six months, to Mr.  Kirke Smith (later to become Mr. Justice Kirke Smith of the B.C.  Supreme Court). He then practised with Andrews Swinton and Smith until August 1956.  Mr. Reginald J. S. Moir suggested that they take up the Humphrey  Blake practice in Kelowna with Bilsland being the active partner and  Moir joining him in the future. The change was made and Mr. Bilsland  became the tenth active lawyer in the city, practising under the name  of Moir and Bilsland.  After coming to Kelowna he also developed a busy personal life.  He became involved with the Masonic Fraternity and is a Past Master  of Prince Charles Lodge No. 153 and a Past Grand Superintendent of  the Royal Arch Masons. He has been active in the Westbank Lions Club  and was a past president of his club and Zone Chairman for the Central Okanagan. He has also served as Parliamentarian for several Lions'  District Governors. He was heavily involved in the building and  maintenance of their community hall. He was for several years Lay  Chairman for the Central Okanagan Region of the Anglican Diocese  of Kootenay. He also served the church as a solicitor, having been involved in, among other things, the incorporation of the Sorrento Lay  Training Centre in the early 60's. He was president of the Kelowna  Bar Association as well as secretary of the Yale Bar. He was also the  charter president of the Kelowna Branch of the John Howard Society.  Late in 1956 Mr.. McWilliams invited Bilsland to join him in partnership. After talking it over with Mr. Moir it was decided to go ahead,  the partnership to be called McWilliams, Bilsland and Moir. Moir was still  to remain in Vancouver.  In 1961 Mr. McWilliams had more heart attacks and it was decided that he and Bilsland should take in someone else since the workload  was heavy and Moir was not yet ready to leave Vancouver. In July 1961  Mr. Percy Tinker joined them and stayed until the partnership was  dissolved in 1980. Mr. Bilsland became a sole practitioner while Mr.  Tinker and two others, established a practice under the name of Tinker,  Gurney, Kueng.  Kelowna Bylaw #4, June 5, 1905.  It shall be unlawful for any person to bathe or wash his or her person in any  public waters in or near the said city, between the hours of 6 o'clock in the  forenoon and 9 o'clock in the afternoon without using a bathing suit.  52 Kelowna's Lawyers  James T.F. Horn  In 1957 Mr. James T.F. Horn,  another native son, had just received his LLB and he came up that  summer and articled to Mr. E.C  Weddell, Q.C. He qualified the  following year and was the 12th  lawyer in town at the time. He has  been with the Weddell firm since then  and is now the senior member of the  firm established in 1903 by Mr. J.F.  Burne.  He has been the Commanding  Officer of the British Columbia  Dragoons, Director of the Chamber  of Commerce, President of the  Kelowna Club, and council member  of the Canadian Bar and Governor  of the Law Foundation, as well as  president of the local Conservative  Riding Associations. Mr. Brian  Weddell gave up the position of  City Solicitor, but it was kept in the Weddell firm when Mr. Horn assumed  the appointment. He has also been the Registrar, Vice-Chancellor and  Chancellor of the Anglican Synod of the Diocese of Kootenay.  James T.F. Horn  Former Commanding Officer, British  Columbia Dragoons.  Kelowna Bylaw #64, 1909.  Any person who causes any dog or other animal to swim in the water, or throws  or deposits any injurious nuisance or offensive matter into the water in any  reservoir, lake, pond or other receptacle for water connected with any such  park or upon the ice in case such water is frozen or in any way fouls the water  or commits any unlawful damage or injury to the works, pipes or water or  encourages the same to be done shall be guilty of an offence under this Bylaw  and be liable to a penalty of not more than fifty dollars and in default of payment thereof to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two months with or  without hard labour.  53 Kelowna's Lawyers  R. Percy Tinker  Born in Prince Rupert, B.C. Mr.  Tinker spent 4 years in a private  preparatory school in Vernon following which he completed high school  at Penticton. He then attended  U.B.C. graduating in Commerce in  1956 and Law in 1957. He articled  with Douglas Symes and Brissenden of  Vancouver, and following his call to  the Bar, continued his practice with  the same firm for a couple of years.  In 1961 Mr. Tinker joined the  McWilliams firm and stayed with  them until the dissolution of the  company in 1980. Mr. D.F. Gurney  and Mr. R.P. Kueng, who had joined McWilliams in the latter stages  stayed with Mr. Tinker becoming  Tinker Gurney Kueng. When Mr.  Gurney left for Vancouver, the  name was again changed to Tinker Kueng and Company.  Mr. W.J. Ehmann and Mr. M.G. Temple were included for a while  when Mr. Ehmann went to public administration and Mr. Temple left  to open a private practise in Creston. Ms. B. Churchill is the latest addition to the firm.  Mr. Tinker has been active in politics since his arrival in Kelowna.  He was president of the Okanagan North Conservative Association and  following the re-organization continues to be the president of the  Okanagan Centre Association. He has been the People's Warden and  is currently the Clergy Warden of St. Michael and All Angels Anglican  Church. Early in 1989 he was appointed Vice-Chancellor of the Anglican  Synod of the Diocese of Kootenay.  In 1968 he was the president of the local Kinsmen, becoming the  Deputy Governor of the Okanagan Mainline Zone early in the 70's.  Later he became the Governor of District 5 of the Association of Kinsmen  Clubs which includes most of British Columbia. He has also been  secretary and president of the Kelowna Bar.  R. Percy Tinker  In 1961 Mr. Tinker joined the  McWilliams Company and in 1980  formed his own company.  54 Kelowna's Lawyers  Patrick D. O'Neill  Sometime in the late 50's or early 60's Mr. P.D. (Pat) O'Neill, who  had graduated from Dalhousie University, came back to Kelowna.  One of Mr. O'Neills clients was a Mr. Fahlman who owned property just beyond the boundary of the city which we now call Gordon  Road. Mr. Fahlman wanted water provided to him by the city and the  city refused because he was outside the city limits. He asked Mr. O'Neill  to apply to the Public Utilities Commission on his behalf for an order  compelling the city to deliver the water. Mr. O'Neill made a brilliant  presentation to the P.U.C which resulted in the order being made directing the city to supply the water. The city then appealed to the Court  of Appeal and Mr. O'Neill made a brilliant presentation there as well,  which resulted in the Court deciding in his favour.  The city then appealed to the Supreme Court of Canada. Weddell  Horn and Company were the City Solicitors, but for this occasion the city  had retained Mr. Allan McEachern (now the Hon. Chief Justice of the  Supreme Court of British Columbia) as leading counsel with Brian C.  Weddell assisting as his junior. Incidentally Mr. O'Neill missed a plane  and didn't appear on the first day of the appeal in the Supreme Court  of Canada. In any event, the city, as the appellants, had to argue first.  When they had finished the judges conferred and announced, that having read the arguments given by Mr. O'Neill and the lawyers for the  Public Utilities Commission in the court below, they didn't require to  hear him and were satisfied that the city's appeal must be dismissed.  So Mr. Fahlman got his water. It is understood that this was the only  city case lost by Weddell, Horn and Company during their tenure.  It is interesting to note that Mr. Fahlman had a daughter named  Patricia who went off to Vancouver to qualify as a lawyer sometime  around 1950. She qualified in one of the early veterans classes and did  very well at a time when it was very difficult for women to break into  this field. She married a Mr. Proudfoot. In 1971 she was appointed to  the bench as a Provincial Court Judge, the third female to be so appointed. She was then elevated and served as County Court Judge for  a number of years with distinction when she was elevated to the Supreme  Court of B.C. She is now Madam Justice Proudfoot of the B.C. Supreme  Court. This is one case of a Kelowna woman, who while never actually  practising here, became a distinguished lawyer and judge.  Norman Mullins  Mr. Mullins, who joined the Fillmore firm in the 60's did not stay more  than a few years but he was active in the Lions Club while he was here.  He left to go to Vancouver where he was employed in the Office of the  55 Kelowna's Lawyers  Department of Justice which, among other things, does drug prosecutions. He later went to the C.P.R. and is now counsel for that company.  Reginald S.J. Moir  In August 1956 Mr. Moir suggested that he and Mr. Bilsland take over  the Blake law practice in Kelowna. Bilsland would be the active partner  while Moir would remain in Vancouver for the time being. The firm  name was Moir and Bilsland. Late in 1956 Mr. McWilliams invited them  to join him. This they did under the name oi McWilliams, Bilsland and  Moir with Moir continuing to be an absent partner.  In 1965 Mr. Moir came up from Vancouver. After a short while  Mr. Moir was appointed Deputy Magistrate. When the sitting magistrate  was killed in a traffic accident, the Administrative Judge, Mr. Stephen  Denroche, asked Mr. Moir to assume the position of full time Magistrate.  He presided as a judge until the age of 70 when he was stricken with  cancer and died a few months later.  The entire Kelowna Bar Association as it existed on June 15th, 1956, on the occasion of the Annual  Meeting of the Law Society of B.C. — Taken at the Kelowna Aquatic Club.  Back row — L to R: R.M. Hayman; D.C. Fillmore; E.C. Weddell, Q.C; R. Gilhooly; T.F.  McWilliams, Q.C; M.C. Borne; C.G. Beeston, Q.C; H.S. Harrison-Smith; B.C. Weddell; A.P.  Dawe. Front row — L to R: Mrs. E.C. Weddell, Mrs. C.G. Beeston, Mrs. R.M. Hayman, Mrs.  D.C. Fillmore, Mrs. B.C. Weddell, Mrs. R. Gilhooly, Mrs. H.S. (Dorothy) Harrison-Smith,  Mrs. T.F. McWilliams.  56 Kelowna's Lawyers  Kelowna's Lawyers: 1960 to the Present  Early in the 60's, three lawyers came up from Vancouver. They  were Mr. Warren Wilkinson, Mr. Ross Sutherland and Mr. R.G. (Don)  Phelps. Mr. Wilkinson and Mr. Phelps are still here. Mr. Sutherland  stayed for ten years or so when he resumed his practice in Vancouver.  He was later appointed to a Judgeship in the Provincial Court System.  It is believed that the next arrival was Mr. J.C Doak followed by  Mr. Lawrence Salloum who came from a practice in Swift Current. Mr.  Homer Robinson, who had recently retired from a civil service job in  Ottawa, joined the Weddell group as office manager. Mr. Art Dawe who  had come here a little while before decided to go back into practice. Mr.  Ray Geiss had also come from Alberta and joined Mr. and Mrs.  Harrison-Smith. They were joined by Mr. Harold Fretwell who came  down from Prince George where he had been practising with the firm  of Wilson, King and Fretwell.  In the meantime Ray Geiss had gone on his own for a while before  joining the Salloum group. When the Harrison-Smiths decided to sell  out, their practice was acquired by Mr. J.C. Doak. The Salloum group  of lawyers reorganized themselves, took in Mr. Doak and they became  known as Geiss, Salloum, Doak and Company with their number including  Mr. H. Robinson and Mr. Dawe. This group expanded fairly rapidly  and took in other lawyers such as Mr. Michael Dirk who came from  Moose Jaw, Mr. Allan Donaldson, Mr. Grant Shirreff and others who  are still there today.  Mr. Art Dawe had an experience that most of us will only dream  of. In the middle 30's he was a young man in Victoria. The depression  was at its height and the best job he could get was as a 'pump jockey'  at one of the gas stations. He had the incredible good luck of winning  the Irish Sweepstakes first prize of half a million dollars. Additionally,  after deducting the amount of money that was dedicated to the hospitals,  paying out the prize money and bookkeeping charges the remaining  money was also distributed to the winning ticket holders. This being  the depression it seems that more people bought tickets than ever before  so there was an exceptionally large prize list and Mr. Dawe acquired  a further large sum of money. Having wisely invested in stocks and bonds  as well as property in Victoria and Vancouver, he enrolled at the University of British Columbia. He took a degree in Arts and subsequently  qualified himself under the old articling system in Victoria where he  practised for some time.  Mr. Dawe took several long trips around the world and finally in  1955 or 1956, decided to come to Kelowna. He bought the home that  at one time belonged to Mr. Justice T.G. Norris and later was the home  of Jim Horn's family (1935-55). He came to Kelowna ostensibly to retire,  57 Kelowna's Lawyers  but joined the Salloum firm as an associate when they amalgamated with  Mr. Doak.  When Mr. Dawe left Kelowna is not known. He was an ardent  Rotarian in Victoria and Kelowna. He ended up in White Rock where  he died peacefully on November 28, 1987 four weeks before his 86th  birthday.  Others arriving in the city about this time included Mr. Ross  Lander, Mr. Ken Watt, Mr. Don Jabour, Mr. Ron Cook, Mr. Ted  Van Der Vleit, Mr. J.P. Gordon and the late Mr. L.A. Pearce. It may  be interesting to note that all of the foregoing passed through the Weddell, Horn organization.  No attempt is made to follow each of the above named lawyers  through their individual careers and if some are mentioned out of sequence, or omitted, the author can only apologize. It is known that from  those mentioned above several were elevated to the Bench. Of the following those marked with an asterisk were at one time, members of the  Weddell, Horn firm.  Mr. T.G. Norris     Supreme Court of B.C.  Court of Appeal  * Mr. C.R. Lander   County Court of Prince  George  Supreme Court of B.C.  * Mr. R. Robinson    County Court  Mr. R. Sutherland    Provincial Court  * Mr. J.P. Gordon     Provincial Court  * Mr. J.D. Layton     Provincial Court  * Mr. L.A. Pearce Provincial Court  This list doesn't include Madam Justice P.M. Proudfoot, who didn't  practise here but whose family lived here.  Mr. Derril T. Warren, Q.C completed his Masters Degree on a  Sir Joseph Beale Scholarship to Harvard and was called to the Bar in  Alberta in 1966. He practised with a young man by the name of Mr.  Peter Lougheed who went on to become the Premier of Alberta. In 1969  he was called to the Bar in B.C. and practised for some time in Vancouver. As party leader of the B.C. Conservatives, Mr. Warren moved  to Kelowna in June of 1973 and joined the firm of Weddell, Horn and  Company as an associate pending a by-election that he was planning on  contesting. The resignation of W.A.C. Bennett as MLA for Kelowna  made an election appear imminent. Following the loss in the by-election,  he separated from Weddell, Horn to continue as a sole practitioner until  1976 when he was joined by Mr. Hugh Ladner, Q.C.  It is interesting to note that Mr. Ladner comes from what can be  truly called a family of lawyers. He was a great nephew of the late Leon  58 Kelowna's Lawyers  Ladner, Q.C. His father was also a judge, the late Graham Ladner.  His cousin is Tom Ladner, Q.C currently the Ladner in Ladner Downs  since the death of Leon Ladner. There could be other family groups  similar to this but they must be quite rare.  In 1969, a Mr. Ross Mollard formerly of Regina and Mr. Michael  Dirk were also called to the B.C. Bar. They both came to Kelowna where  Mr. Mollard practised until 1981 or 1982. Mr. Dirk is currently a  member of the Salloum Doak firm.  About this time the Fillmore firm broke up, and Mr. Beairsto took  an office of his own with Mr. Fillmore sharing space with him. For a  while Mr. Peacock and Mr. Gilhooly were together. When Gilhooly left  the city, John Peacock took in two others. Meanwhile other lawyers had  come to the Fillmore firm in its latter stages, including Howard Berge  and Keith Purvin-Good. Later they set up a partnership with Derril  Warren and Hugh Ladner under the firm name of'' Warren Ladner Berge''.  In 1982 the firm again divided into two parts. Warren and Ladner went  on their own on St. Paul Street. Berge and Company practised for a  short period of time then brought in Mr. William Thiessen who had  been a practitioner in Kelowna for some time and Mr. John Hannah.  Now (1987), with several others, they practise under the firm name of  "Berge Thiessen and Company".  Another firm that started and has grown to become one of the larger  ones in Kelowna is "Harder Pushor Hannah and Company" with Pushor  presiding in the Rutland office. Harder, Hannah and other lawyers practised in Kelowna on Ellis Street in the old Credit Union building. Several  changes were made over the years and late in 1987 a further rearrangement resulted in the firm name being changed to " Pushor Mitchell Davies  Montgomery and Company".  "Tymchuk Brown and Co." expanded to Rutland. Probably about  the same time Mr. Casey Wood bought the Weddell Horn practice in  Rutland. He was an athletic type who had been a member of the Toronto  Argonauts Football team. He was also interested in playing tennis, and  with Don Phelps, won the Kelowna Doubles Championship two years  in a row about 1975. Unfortunately, unknown to him, Casey had an  aneurysm in his blood system near his heart which burst one day and  he died almost immediately. He was, at the time of his death, president  of the Kelowna Bar Association.  There was, at this time, another lawyer named Kenneth McLeod  who had joined the Fillmore firm. He subsequently established his own  practice. Somewhere along the line he had acquired a private pilots  license. En route to the Canadian Bar Association convention in Quebec,  with his wife and three children, he encountered a severe storm over  Alberta. They crashed and the whole family lost their lives.  One aspect of the growth of the legal profession that cannot be  59 Kelowna's Lawyers  overlooked is the contribution made by women. We have seen how  Dorothy Harrison-Smith, along with her husband, established a practice here in the late 50's, probably making her the first female lawyer  in Kelowna. It appears that it is really only during the past 10 years  or so that we have had these female incursions into what was always  considered a male domain. Women have come and gone but according  to the British Columbia Legal Directory, revised to September 30th,  1987 there were, in Kelowna, 12 women who are either sole practitioners  or are practising in association with others as a member of a firm. They  included the following: T.M. Arsenault, CM. Berry, J.P. Cartwright,  B.A. Churchill, S.D. Greba, M.R. Hamilton, Q.C, P.O.Johnstone,  S.G. Kochan, M.C Miller, C.K. Prestage, K.G. Schlosser, and CM.  Widdifield.  From the forgoing we can get an idea of the growth of the legal  profession in Kelowna. We have seen that after the first 50 years  (1905-1955) there were only ten active lawyers in Kelowna. Today, just  over 30 years later (1956-1987), there are, as of September 30, 1987,  over 100 lawyers active in their profession in this city and the number  is growing.  Kelowna Bylaw #77, July 25, 1910.  No person shall drive or guide or being in charge of or having authority or  control over the same shall permit to be driven or guided on any of the streets  or lanes or public places of the City of Kelowna any Motor Car, Auto Car  or other vehicle not drawn by horses at an immoderate rate of speed and in  no case at a speed of more than fifteen miles an hour nor more than ten miles  an hour upon approaching a crossing of intersecting streets and ways.  60 The Parish of Woodsdale — 1909-1984  by Rev. Eric Dexter  The Parish of Woodsdale had its official beginning in Okanagan Centre in 1909 with the arrival of the Rev. Owen Bulkeley. At the Synod  of the Diocese of New Westminster in that year Archdeacon Beer had  reported that "we find we need two clergy at Keremeos and Okanagan  immediately". Okanagan Centre was chosen as it was expected to  develop into a thriving town since the lake boats stopped there on their  journeys from Vernon to Penticton and back. The fruit industry was  centred at the Rainbow Ranch.  Mr. Bulkeley was commissioned to build a church and it was begun  during his tenure from 1909-1911. It was to be called All Saints. The  following appeal appeared in the Vernon News and was evidently successful since Bishop de Pencier laid the cornerstone in October 1910.  The vicar invites any of the parishioners who are able to send down a few wagon loads  of stones as a free contribution towards the foundations of All Saints Church; the stones  are required at once.  It has been decided to proceed with the foundations of the nave of All Saints Church  before the winter sets in, and to build upon the same when the funds increase; many  are interesting their friends in the Old Country and it is trusted that all who have not  done so hitherto will write at once to those who they think would help.  The vicar of the parish had a wide area to cover which extended  from Oyama and what is called the Commonage southward to Ellison,  the location of the present airport. In addition there were a number of  scattered communities along the west side of the lake, including Ewing,  Caesar and Wilson's Landings. These boundaries are described in the  following excerpt from the Manchester Guardian in 1910:  The Rev. Owen Bulkeley appeals to those who have relatives and friends in British  Columbia for support towards building a permanent church in this widely scattered  missionary parish. "The ranchers of this country of mountain and lake are generously supporting the Mission, and labour would be forthcoming in the actual building  of a church, but we must look to Old Country friends for the cost of the material and  internal fittings. To give some idea of the extent of this parish, it runs some twenty  miles east of this great Okanagan Lake, and a like distance the western side, and there  are three and a quarter miles of water between. Add to this that miles intervene between ranch and ranch, and that this Mission also supplies services over the mountains at two other great lakes, Woods and Long Lakes, and that setdements are springing  up in out-of-the-way places, all included in this one great parish, and all looking to  a single missionary to supply their spiritual needs. The ministering to the other side  of this great Okanagan Lake necessitates a gasoline launch; and, as a pure matter of  faith, I am now negotiating for the purchase of one, trusting that the cost of the same  may be forthcoming for settlers over the water are longing once more to participate  Rev. Eric Dexter was the Incumbent of the Parish of Woodsdale from 1978 to 1984. He presently  resides in Surrey.  61 Parish of Woodsdale  in a Church of England service. Here at Okanagan Centre the bulk of my parishioners  can assemble, coming in on horseback, driving or by boat, so here we urgently require a Church. Mr. R.A. Williams, of St. Peter's-Hill, Coversham, Oxon, has consented to receive donations."  When Bishop de Pencier arrived in October 1910 to lay the cornerstone there was an outdoor service which received prominent notice  in the Vernon News. The newspaper account reads:  The Rt. Rev. A.U. de Pencier, Lord Bishop of New Westminster and Acting Bishop  for the Diocese of Kootenay, arrived here on Wednesday last for the purpose of laying  the foundation stone of what will be, when completed, the Church of All Saints. Accompanying the Bishop in the procession from the vicarage to the grounds were the  Revs. T. Greene of Kelowna, H.D. King of Armstrong, H.A. Solly of Summerland  and Owen Bulkeley our own vicar. An excellent and representative company of members  of the Anglican Church awaited the Bishop's coming. The special service was impressive.  His Lordship took "inspiration" as his theme, and reminded his audience of the noble heritage left to the Anglican Catholic Church, of the privileges of having well trodden paths to follow, and of the opportunity to extend that church throughout the world,  and that here in this apparently remote district, where the people were so scattered,  another edifice was about to be erected to perpetuate throughout all the ages the same  worship that our forefathers had joined in.  The Bishop, assisted by the church wardens, Messrs. Caesar and Bolton, then proceeded to lay the mortar, saying, "In the faith of Jesus Christ, we place this founda-  Okanagan Centre Anglican Church pre 1920  62 Parish of Woodsdale  tion stone in the Name of God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Ghost".  When the stone was lowered into its place and declared duly laid, the Bishop placing  his hand upon it said, "Here let true faith, the fear of God, and brotherly love ever  remain. This place is consecrated to prayer, and to the praise of the Most Holy Name  of the same our Lord Jesus Christ, who ever liveth and reigneth with the Father and  the Holy Ghost, One God, world without end, Amen."  The hymns "The Church's One Foundation" and "Church of the Living God" were  sung and the Venite chanted, the vicar leading the unaccompanied voices.  The stone was of pink tinted granite and supplied by the Vernon Marble and Granite  Works, and bore the inscription, "This foundation stone was laid by Bishop de Pencier of New Westminster, October 19th, 1910". It is interesting to know that this is  the first church foundation stone that the Bishop has laid.  At six o'clock the same evening, a reception was held by the Bishop at the Westbury  Hotel, when each church member present was introduced to and shook hands with  his Lordship; a most excellent dinner was then partaken of. Covers were laid for twenty.  In 1911 Mr. Bulkeley was succeeded by the Rev. D.E.D. Robertson who arrived in July and remained as vicar until 1913 before being  moved to the eastern part of the Diocese.  The work continued on the church and at the Synod of 1912 the  Rural Dean reported that the parish had six or eight stations on both  sides of Lake Okanagan. The church was reported as ready for flooring  and expected to be in use that summer. The need for a launch to serve  the west side was also mentioned. At this same Synod the Rev. D.E.D.  Robertson opened a discussion on "the lack of church attendance". No  new reasons (or remedies) for this regrettable state of affairs were brought  forward.  During this time the Rev. A.V. Despard, a retired minister, moved to Oyama. He took services at Oyama, Ellison, Okanagan Centre  and Winfield and Mr. Robertson was also reported as taking services  in Oyama. Mr. Despard's services were voluntary.  At the 1913 Synod it was noted by the Bishop in his charge that  the work at Okanagan Centre has been hard. The settlement had not  grown as anticipated and the church had been planned "on too extensive a scale". (The Church of England was not to be outdone by the  Presbyterians who had erected a similar building.) There were glowing  references to the "perseverance and courage of Mr. Robertson under  trying circumstances".  The Rural Dean recommended a grant towards the completion of  the interior. There is no indication that this was forthcoming. Mr. Gleed  had donated the land to the church and also made and installed three  windows (coloured paper between sheets of glass) which later were installed in St. Margaret's Church until the present window was donated  in memory of the Rev. Adam Lett in 1961.  There are reports of a severe storm damaging the building at  Okanagan Centre and of the young men leaving for army service in  World War I. These stories appear to have accounted for the steady  decline of the church at the Centre. Services were held for a while in  63 Parish of Woodsdale  the Presbyterian Church which also served as a school. There is no mention of Okanagan Centre in the Diocesan reports from 1914 to 1918.  The church building was never consecrated and ultimately served as  the Community Hall which is its present use today. There is mention  in 1919 that the Rev. Despard attempted to hold services "twice or  thrice" a year.  Archdeacon Greene reported to the 1918 Synod that Okanagan Centre is "still without a resident clergyman" and those left at the Centre  "are not able to raise the necessary guarantee towards a stipend". He  reported he visited at intervals for the administration of the Sacraments.  In 1920 the church at Okanagan Centre sent $20 to the M.S.C.C  and $5 as a Synod assessment. This appears to have been the liquidation of its assets! The coming of the railway and highway through the  valley shifted development to the ranchland.  Settlers arrived in Oyama shortly after 1900 and a Methodist Church  was built in 1905. Efforts were also underway to organize the Church  of England in Oyama. As already indicated the Rev. Robertson and  the Rev. Despard held services in the old school, and Mr. Despard also  used his own home and the Agricultural Hall. The Anglican Church  Guild was formed in 1920 and a small building erected on Oyama Road  near the present cemetery. The Rev. Brisco, who also served Lumby,  held services there. Weddings were held in the Methodist Church and  services were held there after Church Union.  In 1928 the land for the present site on Oyama Road was purchased and St. Mary's Church was built in 1929. It was dedicated on  November 17th by Bishop Doull with the Rural Dean Thomas Greene  present. It was consecrated May 3rd, 1931 by Bishop Doull again assisted  by Archdeacon Greene. The vicarage on Oyama Road was bought from  the late Col. McKay in 1925. In 1942 additional land was purchased  at the church site. A Parish Hall Annex was added to the church building  in 1949. In 1950 the old vicarage was sold and a new one was built on  the church grounds.  In 1921 the first efforts at the formation of the Parish of Woodsdale  were made and the parish was represented at Synod by M.P. Williams  and Brig.-Gen. Harmon. Mr. Williams, who was one of the prime  movers in building St. Margaret's Church in Winfield, had represented  Okanagan Centre as a Synod Delegate as early as 1912. The Rev. A.V.  Despard was listed as incumbent in 1921.  In 1922 the Parish of Woodsdale comprised Oyama, Winfield,  Ellison and Okanagan Centre. The Warden and Treasurer was W.J.  Coe and Vernon Ellison was the Incumbent's Warden. In 1923 Mr.  A.G.R. Prickard was a Lay Delegate to Synod and served for a number  of years as Lay Secretary.  In 1925 the Rev. Humphrey Pearson took over the parish while  64 Parish of Woodsdale  still a layman. He was ordained deacon in 1927 and priest in 1928. At  this time the Parish of Woodsdale was reorganized with Humphrey Pearson as vicar. His jurisdiction included Oyama, Winfield and Lumby  with occasional services on the Commonage and in Ellison.  By this time services had been held for a number of years (likely  beginning about 1920) in the School House and Community Hall in  Winfield. St. Margaret's Church was built in 1931, dedicated by Archdeacon Greene on September 27th, 1931 and consecrated on Whitsunday, June 4th, 1933 by Bishop Doull. The church building was valued  at $2,200 and insured for $1,000. At this time there was an outstanding debt on the vicarage of $1,900. Total parish income in 1932 was  just over $800! In some miraculous fashion the parish was reported as  being free from debt in 1933.  In 1935 the outstation of Lumby separated from the parish and  around the same time Ellison also disappears from the records. The latter likely became the responsibility of St. Aidan's Church in Rutland.  In 1945 it was decided to build a room 20' x 30' onto St. Margaret's  Church and install a furnace. Alice Crowder's father (Charles Draper)  had walked more than two miles each Sunday to light the fire until 1934  when W.J. Coe was paid 25 cents a Sunday to do this chore. The hall  was extended in 1952 and a kitchen added in 1954. In December 1977  both churches were modernized with the addition of "Spiffy Biffys" with  running water!  In 1982 and 1983 the Eva Seaton Memorial Hall was built in conjunction with St. Margaret's Church, Winfield.  Goldies' Rainbow Ranch in 1950 at Okanagan Centre. Photo by George Meeres courtesy of Doug  Cox.  65 Parish of Woodsdale  INCUMBANTS  OF THE  PARISH OF WOODSDALE  1909 - 1984  The Rev. Owen Bulkeley 1909 - 1911  (Resident at Okanagan Centre)  The Rev. D.E.D. Robertson 1911 - 1913  (Resident at Okanagan Centre)  The Rev. A.V. Despard 1910 - 1925  (Resident at Oyama)  The Rev. J. Brisco 1920 - 1931  (Services in Oyama as an extension of Lumby)  The Rev. H. Pearson 1925 - 1937  The Rev. CA. Wright 1937 - 1940  The Rev. Adam R. Lett 1944 - 1954  The Rev. R.W.S. Brown 1954 - 1958  The Rev. C.S. Lutener 1958 - 1959  The Rev. J. Alan Jackson 1959 - 1963  The Rev. W. Edington 1963 - 1967  The Rev. Canon L.A.C Smith 1967 - 1971  The Rev. Canon R.R. Bastedo 1972 - 1975  The Rev. R.R. Griffiths 1976 - 1977  The Rev. Eric Dexter 1978 - 1984  The Rev. C. Patterson 1984 -  66 Diaries,  Documents and Letters  From Indianapolis to Kelowna by Car in  1926:  Letter from Carroll Tucker to Aunt Clara and Uncle Will.  Forward by Bill Knowles  Forward:  It is doubtful if many of you readers will remember Doctor Carroll and  Daisy Tucker. They owned the property known as Paul's Tomb for about  30 years.  Carroll practiced in Indiana and also spent a lot of time in the tropics  studying the malaria mosquito. One interesting article I will quote:  Dr. and Mrs. C.J. Tucker who went to California for the winter, are to travel still  farther. On his return a few days ago to California from Pateete, Tahiti Island, which  Dr. Tucker visited, he found an important and interesting appointment awaiting him.  Early in May he will make an 18,000 mile trip around the South American continent,  lasting 6 months, in the interests of the Medical Research Laboratory of the University of California.  He joined the U.S. Forces in the First World War and was the only doctor aboard a troop ship leaving Gibraltar. He had a burst appendix two days out. They had to turn the ship around, and he had to freeze  his own appendix. It saved his life but he never really recovered.  One day Dr. Tucker's nurse overheard him say to his wife how  he would like to find a nice quiet place on a lake to retire. It had to  be at least 30 miles from any railroad. She had just come back from  Kelowna after visiting a cousin, Mrs. G.W.H. Reid. She said she knew  of just the place: Paul's Tomb. Mrs. Tucker came right out, looked it  over, as well as the Goldsmith property at OK Mission, now a park.  The Mission property at $5,000.00 was too expensive so they settled  on the Tomb for $1,500.00. At that time we had no railroad here.  The next year they drove out in their Cole car with a negro boy  to help drive and cook. We came across a letter of their trip and although  C.W. (Bill) Knowles was born in Kelowna in 1908. A retired businessman, he has taken an active part in heritage conservation with the Central Okanagan Heritage Society. In 1988 he was  honored as "Man of the Year" in Kelowna.  67 To Kelowna By Car  the run from Indiana to Kelowna really is not part of our local history,  the story itself of what people had to go through to get here is so interesting that we felt it was worth passing on.  One day in 1926 my father, who was Kelowna's first jeweller, was  in front of the store when this Cole car with Indiana licence plates parked.  Dad said, "You are a long way from home aren't you." Daisy said,  "No, we bought Paul's Tomb and live there." The Knowles, Meikles,  Rowcliffs, Staples, Burtches, Jennens, Cushings, Chapins to mention  a few became very good friends of the Tuckers and had many wonderful picnics at the Tomb.  The Tuckers would spend 8 or 9 months there and then travel in  the winter. They loved Mexico and had a house full of souvenirs from  there. The two bear rugs they mentioned they bought in Montana stayed  in the house for years. Later she left one to Dr. Athans and we kept  the other till the house was broken in and it was stolen.  Dr. Tucker passed away in San Diego in 1939. Daisy carried on  at the Tomb till she passed on many years later. They are both buried  in the Military Cemetery at Point Lorna, San Diego.  Carroll (left) and Daisy Tucker next to the Cole car they drove across the continent to Kelowna  in 1926.  68 To Kelowna By Car  Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada  August 30th, 1926  My Dear Aunt Clara & Uncle Will  Have been wanting to write you for some time but have been very  busy since arriving here. So now have a few minutes to write. We left  Indianapolis on the morning of June 21st for our trip across the continent carrying a full equipment of all the necessities of camp life as well  as many luxuries. We took with us a colored boy, professional cook in  some of the large hotels in the south whom I have known for sometime,  and the 3 of us were on the road for British Columbia. Our first camp  was just west of Danville, 111., the second a few miles east of Moline  & Rock Island, the third at Iowa City and so on, averaging about 150  miles a day and stopping when we would get tired or come to some  beautiful spot for a few days or a week and then move on.  We crossed the fertile prairies of Illinois and Iowa without any rain  except one morning in Iowa the muck was quite bad and I was fearful  of going in the ditch, but it was soon over and on through Iowa to South  Dakota to the flat broad sections where not a house or tree was visible  in forty miles and nothing to see but an occasional jack rabbit and the  road stretched over the land like a straight ribbon as far as the eye could  see.  The Tucker home on Okanagan Lake at Paul's Tomb north of Kelowna. This photo was taken  by Bill Knowles in 1960.  69 To Kelowna By Car  This scenery gave way to the weird and peculiar formation in the  Bad Lands where nothing lived but rattle snakes and the ghost like shapes  reared themselves above the flat landscape in all the hues of the rainbow and the water in these lands was alkaline and not a drop to drink.  Almost all one day was spent in crossing this part of S. Dakota and fortunately it was dry. A rain with muddy roads forces many to make camp  amid these desolate surroundings which is very bad.  We crossed the Missouri River in this state and it was quite a small  stream. Also the Cheyenne River which was a very shallow bed and  the next day a rain caused it to overflow the banks and many cars were  stuck in the mud of the surrounding fields trying to get around the water.  This part of our journey brought us to Rapid City, S. Dakota, near  the western border, a beautiful place in the foot hills of what is known  as the Black Hills.  We now left the prairies behind with the broad fields of corn and  fine cattle and hogs to see the rapid mountain streams filled with trout  and wooded hill sides and gorges and canyons so deep that the sun only  shines in them less than an hour during the day just when it is directly  above the chasm. We had a delightful time of a week here, plenty of  fish and gorgeous scenery with our first mountain driving. We could  scarcely leave for this was the most pleasant camping spot we had during our entire trip.  The Black Hills are noted for their picturesque grandeur as well  as the greatest gold producing mines in the world today. It was at this  place Deadwood, a few miles west of Rapid City to which we started,  got caught in a rain storm and on a slippery road on a mountain side  with the machine sliding about, that we turned around for the first and  only time in order to avoid an accident and retraced our steps over a  distance of two miles to another dry road and were soon on our way  westward with safety but thus we missed the visit to the mines. We travelled all day until about 4 p.m. and arrived at a place called Sundance,  Wyoming. A dark cloud was hanging over the western horizon and we  found several machines stopped there waiting for news concerning a  stretch of bad dirt road of about 60 miles ahead. At last we all thought  it best to make camp for the night and see what we could learn by  morning.  We went to a small tourist camp and pitched our tents and remained  there three days and nights, amid rain and mud until the sun came out  to dry the roads so we could go on. During this time no machines came  east and only those impatient ones started west only to get a few miles  out in the hills and break axles and slide in the ditch and camp by the  roadside in the mud and pay high fees for the farmers to pull them out.  At least we were comfortable in camp having fine pancakes in the  morning and our ham, beans and other things for dinner.  70 To Kelowna By Car  Our boy made himself famous one day while there by cooking up  a large pot of beans with a ham bone and the whole camp got a smell  and wanted some but he said, "I'se cooking dis for the Doctor and you  can't have it". When he would start his pancakes in the mornings you  would see them all looking over with longing eyes and a hungry feeling.  Well we made many friends in this camp and met them later in different places especially in the Yellowstone Park, as most of them there  were going to the park.  Daisy (left) and Carroll Tucker on Okanagan Lake.  Leaving Sundance we passed through Gilette on to Buffalo, Wyoming which is a pretty town at the foot of the Big Horn Mountains. Leaving  Buffalo one nice Sunday morning we began climbing our first great  range. It was quite the most beautiful mountain scenery on the trip.  The ascent was rather mild the first 45 miles taking us to an elevation  of 9,666 ft. Gorgeous flowers to the very top in great fields, and luxurious vegetation all the way along. Sun shining and warm when we  started but getting a bit cooler as we went up until we arrived at the  summit when a small cloud came over and covered the landscape with  a sheet of snow and hail until everything was perfectly white. This was  in early July. Our boy had a picture taken standing beside the elevation sign post marking the 9,666 ft. and everything else was white except himself. He said he would be anxious to see that picture as he knew  he would just look like a fly in a pan of milk. Well we did enjoy this  very much and as soon as the storm was over we started down.  71 To Kelowna By Car  We passed through a famous canyon, called the "Ten Sleep" which  I do not believe is surpassed in splendid grandeur of beauty in any other  place of its kind in the world. It is not approached by any other way  except by automobile and a great many people even avoid it because  of the steep grade so it is not so widely known as many other places  of less real interest to the traveller. Passing through this canyon one comes  out on a great stretch of real desert land with nothing but prairie dogs  and sage brush, such a change of scenery from the grand mountain views  and all within about 3 or 4 hours driving distance. No trees, no grass  or anything and towns only where water could be found. At last we pulled  in a place called Greybull some 185 miles from Buffalo where we left  this fine Sunday morning. It was now about 9:30 p.m. and we were  dead tired. Tents up and to bed that night without any supper. We had  experienced the climb to the high altitude with the peculiar feeling of  lightness, shortness of breath and a dull headache to the low lands on  the desert with the heat and dust, so you see we had had a very strenuous  day of driving and were glad to rest.  The next morning however found us packing up ready to continue  our journey on to Cody which we reached about 1:00 p.m. It is a beautiful  town in the edge of the Rocky Mountains on the west and a long broad  desert plateau on the east. Here we bought many supplies and after a  few hours rest started on. Just at the west end of the city towards  Yellowstone Park one comes upon the bronze statue of Buffalo Bill surmounting a large pile of granite. It is very impressive as he sits astride  his fine horse. Passing this we came directly to the mountains and one  of hardest grades I had to approach. It was here we found the Shoshone  River with the irrigation dam constructed by our Federal Authorities  at a cost of I think $2,000,000. The road was very steep passing thru  tunnels and narrow in places so it was dangerous. The next day one  machine went over killing several we learned afterwards. We finally  reached the level of a lake and saw some very remarkable scenery and  that evening made camp in a pretty spot beside a roaring mountain river  near the former hunting lodge of Buffalo Bill just about ten miles outside the eastern entrance of Yellowstone National Park.  The following morning after a very pleasant short drive we found  ourselves at the gates. The licence number, the make, number of occupants in the car, my occupation and address was taken and our gun  was sealed. A fee of $3.00 was charged and we were in the park with  all the privileges and natural beauty at our disposal to enjoy to the utmost. This of all places in the U.S. we had all wished to see many times  and now to think we really were here and could remain as long as we  wished. It was a feeling of real attainment and joy of dreams come true.  Scarcely had we entered before we began a very steep ascent which took  us up and up until we reached the snow line. So many curves that at  72 To Kelowna By Car  one place we crossed by a bridge on the road we had just climbed. It  was very pretty but dangerous. Our first stop was at Yellowstone Lake,  a large body of water surrounded by snow capped mountains, said to  be the largest navigable fresh water lake in the world at that altitude.  It was at this park that we encountered our first experience with  robber bears stealing our food supplies at night. We had our tarpaulin  ripped but hearing the bear, ran him away before losing much. Our  neighbors suffered greater losses however, one having his tent in which  he was sleeping torn open and in came the bear for a ham which the  man had, another curtains of his touring car torn off and found old bruin  sitting up in the seat eating his bacon, and numerous instances of boxes  of sugar and other supplies being carried off. Here also we started out  one morning at 5:30 and drove to the top of Mr. Washburn 10,350 ft.,  and arrived at the peak in an hour. The peak was covered with snow  and was the highest one in the park reached by automobile. So narrow  was the road that the least turn to right or left would have meant a fall  for thousands of feet. At times the grade was 20 ft. up in each hundred  and the car was sitting on its tail. Fortunately we had no trouble and  arrived back safely at our camp by 9:00 p.m. bringing some snowballs  back for souvenirs. We saw several deer and near the peak many mountain sheep, a very rare sight indeed.  Having finished our sight seeing in this section we broke camp and  moved to one of the most famous spots in Yellowstone known as "Old  Faithful" named from the geyser near the large hotel that sends up its  boiling waters and steam at regular intervals. The area about for miles  is known as the geyser oasis, and hotsprings and geysers inumerable  to mention of greater or lesser heights and pools of magnificent hues  and shapes with beautiful colored walls, formed a never ending panorama  of intense geological interest to the thousands of tourists who visit them  daily. There is nothing in the whole world that offers such spectacle of  grandeur.  We were here for some time and although it was in the latter part  of July we had to have great bonfires at night to keep warm and taking  hot water bottles to bed with us to be comfortable and on rising in the  morning we would find frost and have to break the ice in the wash pans  before we could wash our faces. It seems a bit too cool for this time of  year doesn't it?  We went toward the north entrance of the park or Gardiner, Montana on our next move, this took us through a camp known as Mamouth  Hot Springs, a place noted for its beautiful stone formations of marble  whiteness with delicate shades of pinks, lavenders, etc. These are formed  in terraces and other shapes by deposits of minerals in the various waters.  From this place we started down the pretty valley of the Yellowstone  River through the golden gates toward the north entrance and were soon  73 To Kelowna By Car  out of the worlds' greatest playground with the satisfaction of having  enjoyed it to the fullest extent.  We were now in the little town of Gardiner, Montana and for the  first time on the trip took rooms in a hotel and rested from our camp  duties for the night. From there to Livingston driving was hard and we  made only about 65 miles a day and camped in that very up to date  city shortly after noon. Here we bought the only real souvenirs of the  trip. These were two very elegant bear skin rugs, one black one, the  largest skin ever mounted by the firm, the other a beautiful grizzly rug  of exquisite quality, these we are very proud of as we have wanted them  for many years.  We were now travelling the Yellowstone Trail, through the oldest  in America, we found it quite rough in Montana, and Butte was our  next camp, the great mining town of flowing wealth and good liquor  fame, now a very busy city built on a mountain side. From there we  passed through Anaconda a short distance out, this city has the largest  copper smelter in the world. No vegetation will grow for miles around  this plant because of the poisonous fumes.  Our next camp was at Missoula, Montana. From this place west  we crossed the worst roads on the whole journey. Just one stone to another  and steadily going up over the great divide when at the top we crossed  the state line and were in Idaho and on excellent roads. Going down  we ran nearly 35 miles down the mountain side without using any gas.  That helped some.  Next we camped on the edge of a beautiful lake at Coeur d'Alene,  Idaho and remained a day here to enjoy the place amid exquisite mountain beauty. Another days' run brought us far into the State of  Washington about 160 miles west of Spokane to another place called  Lake Chelan on the famous Columbia River. This was our last camp  but we did not realize it that night. That day was perhaps the hardest  drive we had made since leaving Indianapolis, nearly 200 miles. Roads  were good now and we lost no time. At Lake Chelan we saw our first  people from Kelowna, B.C and early in the morning turned northward  toward our future home in the pines.  About 1:00 p.m. we crossed the international boundary line, reporting to the U.S. Customs Office about 3 miles from the line and again  to the Canadian Office the same distance north of it. Many empty bottles were seen on this side and several drunken Americans trying to sober  up so they could get back home. More smoke from forest fires in the  distance was noted now than at any time and we approached the foot  of the lake on which we live called Okanagan. Some 50 miles south of  our house, we saw the forest burning on the mountain sides but entirely out of danger to us.  After driving along the shore of the most beautiful lake we had seen  74 To Kelowna By Car  in all our travels we at last came to the ferry landing about 5:00 p.m.,  after coming about 185 miles since morning and north of the U.S. line  91 miles. We saw Kelowna in the distance and waited for the boat to  take our car on board and land us at our final destination 3040 miles  from Indianapolis. I was glad to stop and was relieved because I had  made the whole trip with only one tire going down. No breaks or accidents in any way. To me it is an excellent record when we often saw  cars rolled down the mountain sides and so many people in trouble on  the road sides. We were soon having a cup of tea in the home of some  friends of Daisy's and before long we were dreaming of our nice little  home on the lake. We slept the sleep of the road weary travellers that  night on a real bed between sheets and on soft pillows the like of which  we had seen only once since leaving home in dear old Indiana.  We are now living in a very pretty grey log house on the shore of  a lake about 5 miles wide surrounded by mountains on both sides. Looking north as we sit on the broad porch which extends around the entire  house, we can easily see thirty miles on clear days and south about 3  miles where the town of Kelowna is located. The yard is quite extensive  and several fir, pine and cedar trees are growing. Mountains all about  covered with these trees. We get lost in them at times. Wild game of  all kinds is to be found about, while good fishing, duck and geese abound  at the edge of our front lawn.  The house is very nice and well finished in cedar inside with hand  plastered walls, a huge grey rough stone fireplace in the living room,  cemented with darken colored cement and lined in white, with a large  mantlepiece. A beautiful cedar staircase leads up stairs from this room  to the two rooms and hall on the second floor. Three rooms and a kitchen on the ground floor besides the living room. Then a nice porch  around it all. A summer kitchen takes up a part of porch in the rear  of the house. In connection with the house is a complete water system,  with a large gasoline engine and an air pressure tank holding 1200 gallons  of water, piping and all to send water all about the grounds, for irrigating  as well as for household use. This water is pumped out of the lake. The  shores of this lake are of gravel and stone so the water is as clear and  as pure as can be. All about us is all the timber we can use for fuel,  all we need to do is go out and get it.  There is no road to our house but many paths made by animals  all through the mountains and one well made leading to the town. We  have a gasoline launch that takes us into the town in about twenty  minutes. I have had little use of the car since arriving as I cannot use  it to go about the place but it is just as well perhaps as we were quite  tired of the use of it when we finished our trip across the continent with  it. So now it is sitting quietly in a garage in the town resting its legs  from the long journey.  75 To Kelowna By Car  Since coming here we have been very busy every minute putting  things in order, unpacking, etc., for we shipped all our goods. Then  too we arrived in the midst of the fruit season here. Such abundance  of peaches, apricots, pears, apples, tomatoes, etc. Also potatoes, onions,  cantaloups and all. We have had to stop and put up all we could while  they lasted. The canning factories in town are running night and day  and they're not able to keep fruit from going to waste. Two large boats  running up the lake every day carry it away as well as all the railroad  can haul. So you see this is a busy place during this season. Some of  the finest fruit in all America is raised here. We are well pleased and  are quite happy in our cosy little home on the lake. A really beautiful  place with all the quiet enjoyment that one would wish for. When we  build a nice big fire in the fireplace and sit in the glow of the pine knots  as they blaze and crackle we think of our friends and wonder if they  too wouldn't like all this the same as we do and wish they could enjoy  it with us.  CARROLL  76 Diary of a 1910 Hunting Trip  by Captain J. C. Dun-Waters  Forward by Helen Inglis  What follows is a verbatim transcription of a journal of Captain J.C.  Dun-Waters' bear hunt in the autumn of 1910, a year after he had arrived at Fintry Farm. The small leather note book in which the diary  is written turned up in one of several boxes best described as 'miscellany'  at the O'Keefe Historical Ranch where I am presently establishing an  Archive. Among these materials is a sizeable collection of Dun-Waters'  photographs and papers.  Much of Dun-Waters' activities at Fintry and abroad, his love of  big game hunting and anecdotes about his character have been well  documented. Therefore, it seemed to be obvious that the diary was his.  However, more than conjecture was needed before we could rightfully  file it with the "Dun-Waters Papers". Because the pencilled notations  were crammed onto the narrow little pages, handwriting comparisons  with business ledgers and letters offered tenuous proof on their own.  The little dark red book, with the daily entries on its narrow right  hand pages and the sketches and doodlings inside both covers had to  provide us with the clues to its own identity. The reference to the "new  Ross Rifle" and the graph-like month and days calendar drawn in the  back cover gave us September, 1910. The content of the numerous asides  provided a clear image of Dun-Waters as its author: references to Fintry Camp, military terminology, a characteristic British manner of expression and, perhaps, most conclusive, the one reference to "Missus",  his pet name for his first wife, Alice.  Others have told us of Captain John Cameron Dun-Waters outgoing nature and his colorful behavior. Here, some eighty years later, his  engaging character is revealed by his own hand.  Sat 27 August  Reached top of Crowfoot Tried my double 400 found her shoot a little  high at 80 yards Top of hill fine pasture — view all obscured by forest  fires wind & fire in the South East. Travelled all day owing to horses  getting & clearing trail we didn't reach our destination Camped near  Editor's Note: Helen Inglis requested that the diary be published as it was written. Without the  aid of traditional punctuation or spelling, the diary has the feel of authenticity. For a more complete biographical sketch of Captain Dun-Waters please consult the 38th Report of the OHS, pp. 96-100.  Helen Inglis is a freelance writer in Vernon. For the past four years she has been a volunteer  archivist at O'Keefe Historic Ranch.  77 Captain Dun-Waters' Hunt  Scotch Creek which flows into Shuswap Lake — I killed a foul hen with  stick East for supper Very good  The view to the east across Okanagan Lake from Captain Dun-Waters' Fintry High Farm. Photo  courtesy of O'Keefe Historic Ranch.  Sun 28 August  Rained all day smoke & fog travelled to our destination & camped by  a creek in a gulch running east & west after pitching big tent & a meal  we went out to look for bear & deer fog on north Hill bad saw nothing  except marmotts funny little things rather like ground hoggs They have  shrill whistle & live high up as the Canadians say nothing doing  Mon 29 August  The weather has cleared & we did about a 20 mile walk on the South  Hill shot at & missed a coete & had a difficult shot at a deer in the timber  & hit her followed the blood for a little way & lost her Saw signs of bear  mostly diggings after bees nests Not fit for the walking but better than  I was the first day mostly scrambling over loggs & walking along them  till you get on top hill full of miker very good quality but people say  small glorious day & beautiful view  Tuesday 30th August  Rain & fog again I went out in hudson bay trousers drawers vest flannel shirt & Dick's knitting but felt cold wish that had a coat But am  none the worse we were up among quite a lot of snow — The fog spoilt  our stalking but bear seem very scarce & we have only seen one deer  & very few fresh track today we move camp they are busy packing now  7-30 in a minute or two we shall be off hope to get a stalk this afternoon  I am getting very anxious to see a bear. There 2 brother camped near  us Bishops by name they have moved out to give us a show — good  78 Captain Dun-Waters' Hunt  of them they come from Schushwaw Lke North side of Notch hill —  my boots are getting very rockey!-  Mon Sep 5  Stormy all day with fine weather at intervals as I write 8-30 still stormy  walked for 12 hours saw nothing this makes 9 days we have toiled after  our grizzily — wet camp every day miserable my back is better hope  it will remain so now to bed 8-45  Tuesday Sep 6th  Thomas took me for a ride southWest over the hills to see if there were  an more sign of Bear — It was very high & very cold I got my feet wet  in snow & they were very cold all day saw one Bear sign & a few old  caraboo sign & 2 buc. It's blowing up tonight I hope its snow we don't  a beat tomorrow Eli wants to move  Wed Sep 7th  Over the same old ground less sign of Bear than usual this makes the  1 lth day — Thomas has now decided to chuck it & move camp 3 days  further north we start tomorrow today was dry for a wonder — We  returned to camp early & I spent the afternoon cleaning guns & patching boots. My Ross has got a bit rusty She has been laying aside too  long I don't believe I shall get a shot at a bear this year  Packing up for the Hunt. Captain Dun-Waters is at right. Photo courtesy of O'Keefe Historic Ranch.  79 Captain Dun-Waters' Hunt  Thurs Sep 8th  Started on the trail east at 9-30 & got to the sourse of Scotts Creek about  one o'clock — From there Thomas had no trail so we have got to wait  here till he cuts one or cut one as we go over the hill to Celista Creek  — we have had a fine day today but tonight it has clouded up & it looks  quite as if it would rain again We came through thick Buck brush &  I we start through grass 6 feet high & alders & Buck & Huckleberry  Brush so if it rains on the trail we shall have another soaking both from  above & below I see a few carabo spour made some time ago & also  some bear marks also state I we don't get something soon I sail feel a  proper fool But We will hope for the best —  Captain Dun-Waters prepares for his day on the trail. Photo courtesy of O'Keefe Historic Ranch.  Frid Sep 9th  Morning cleared off rain seems further away caught 7 fish last night  in head of Scotch Creek in a little pool where the creek rises full of water  lilie roots We had a stiff climb up the hill before we hit the trail about  3 hours all through buck brush & loggs — our guide & his Adc's exhibited much brute forse & temper & must have taken alot out of  themselves that was unnecessay we should have got along much more  quickly & quietly if they had a little patience the horses are little marvells  & are not or seem not to have their efforts appreciated — I must say  the beauties of nature do not blend well with these noises or exhibitions  No sport up to date lots promised ahead let us hope that this time it  wont end up in disappointment I seem crabby to night but ever one's  80 Captain Dun-Waters' Hunt  patience gets exhausted sometimes. I like a man but I do like one with  some self-controll I wonder if any of them will read this I shouldn't  wonder. Few people have the honor to resist the private notes or letter  of others...  Captain J.C Dun-Waters on a Hunt. Note the deer on horse to the left. Photo courtesy of O'Keefe  Historic Ranch.  Sat. Sep 10th  Left the Arrow Lakes Camping Celesta Creek Sicamous and made about  20 miles north rained most of the day We were stopped by a couple  of swamps round which the trail had not been cut.. .so that entailed camping for the night...It rained all the time & up till now was the worst  camping ground we have had...Besides the weather being stormy our  guide was in a bad temper which for reasons best known to himself &  partly by myself he made some effort to conceal, the other two were  cherry so it didn't matter Jack was ill so I gave him some of the missus's  drugs & let him roll up on my bed with me  It was a funny looking place under a big ceder tree & looked at first  as if it would only hold one man but it did all right head & tail — wow  they are packing & as they are very very quiet I expect another storm  is brewing as its entirely alien from the nature of our guide who exhibited such a docile nature at Fintry camp as I predicted the first clap  of thunder just reached me from our guide in a loving epithet addressed to the best mare in the train...she has begun by being a goddamned  swine The same divine providence will be surprised at what she may  81 Captain Dun-Waters' Hunt  become before the day is over after all he created her & has some right  to know what she really is I was getting a little irritable but was  saved just in the nick of time by a cheery half breed cook who in discussin  the art of abusing the horses said "I never cussed a horse in my life  it doesn't do any good" Philosophy in the rough I can't make up my  mind whether it is better to be with such men or have a pal on the whole  I think the risk is less with the men unless you are sure your pal will  come through both good & bad luck smiling up to date we have  been 20 days on the trip & 8 of these days have been spent in packing  & travelling which leaves 12 days hunting in which the whole party has  seen 7 buck & 2 fawns & have shot 3 & wounded one Doe & 2 fawns  were unshot at. Let us hope a spell of sport is about to begin — The  horses & scenery are companions I think Jack is a nice boy anyway he  is nice to me & it was a pleasure to help him & show him sympathy  I must keep very quiet.  Sept. Sun 11th  The last notes were written this morning & we are nearly ready to start  — We travelled from about 8 till 2 o'clock camped & had dinner the  day is grand & the spot beggars description about 20 miles south of the  Seymour river Balsam trees all round & a beautiful little lake in front  of the camp  my tent is on a heathery knowl & my bed in fresh balsam & smells as  sweet as Balsam can I was so pleased with the camp & the other two  & the surrounding were to much for bad humour & it had to break by  sheer weight of circumstances I went out from 3 till 5-30 & saw a few  cariboo tracks & a few Bear marks but no live game start after the caraboo  tomorrow morn/noon (?) to bed at 9-30  Mon Sep 12th  Beautiful day Jack did the washing & Thomas & I left camp 7-40 hunted  tracks till four came on cows a calf & one young Bull I shot him a difficult shot as he standing below me and almost facing me about 70 yards  I could only just see him I shot him in the shoulder the bullet travelled  right into him & broke his hind leg I will bet it & send it to Mr. Gibbs  my gun maker as he asked me to do I shall keep the skin as is my first  caraboo The head I will take home & give away — It was a great disappointment after such a difficult shot at my first carabbo that it should  be such a young one but the skin is a real good one — I feel as a sportsman that I should not have shot it — But my guide seemed to think  it was the thing to do so there it was We will try the same district tomorrow & then move camp.  Tues Sep 13th  Left camp 8-30 returned 5-45 & Eli Thomas shot 2 ducks — That's all  we saw — He is like a good many other people when everything goes  all right he is on the top of his form when things go wrong & he has  82 Captain Dun-Waters' Hunt  walked a little to far he has no form at all — Tonight he is insurportable  so I've come to bed & shouldn't be surprised if his cariboo are like his  bear will the whisps — We haven't seen anything yet, I'll give him every  chance  Wed Sep 14  We are moving camp & have begun the day by a brutal attack on one  of the old pack horses by our guide Philopsher & friends because the  poor old brute was frightened by some meat hanging on a tree. I will  try & stick this savagery for another 7 days. If we get no sport it will  be difficult. Bad temper & Blasphemy don't suit these beautiful surroundings — I have just killed a bull dog fly I expect that is all the sport I  shall get today.  2 of the horses were lost when regained our guide kicked one on the  shin and cut it open this aftera lectrure on curbs last night when he informed me that no man who respected his animal would work one with  a curb respected INDEED does a man beat a horse & kick him if he  respects him I wonder what the best vets & best stud grooms both in  America & England would to such gross ignornance I rode behind to  day with our cheery cook so as to enjoy the country & not hear the  Blasphemy & perhaps see old Alkelide knocked about I have ridden the  old horse all the trip & I should not care to see him ill-treated — I rode  Tommy who has been voted useless as have all the other horses he has  ridden We have camped in a lovely spot by a lake — I hope we shall  get sport without it life is insurportable & yet I am civil  Thurs Sep 15th  Thing pleasanter no sulks or bad temper Hot Bright day. — lots of  caraboo trail never saw one all lying up in the shade somewhere Walked from 7-30 till 3-30 had grub & then went out to watch for them no  result. Killed a fool (foul/fowl?) hen with a stick Moon looks watery  tonoght maybe we shall have a change Jack & Henry very attentive to  me & cheery which is nice Hope I shall bet a caraboo will be at it again  tomorrow  Frid Sep 16th  Went N-W tried meadows no fresh tracks then spent one hour in bush  extricated ourselves & made long Pilgramage South all we did was try  a few meadows & then walked ho through impossible Country I think  it was a bad performance We left campo at 7-30 returned at 5 Vi hour  for lunch So we had been walking 9 1/2 hours — I told my guide if I  didn't see a caraboo tomorrow sat that I should return home — He said  we had little chance unless snow came If they want snow to hunt why  do they come out hunting till it arrives.  It is the old story in this country dollars first I think!! I have arranged  for Henry our cook to go out with one of my rifles — shouldn't be surprised if the old boy didn't get a caraboo.  83 Captain Dun-Waters' Hunt  Sep Sat 17th  Hunted till four o'clock Saw one Buck Saw no fresh tracks — Henry  returned & said he saw a lot of tracks on the ground he was on & a lot  of fresh ones so I have induced our guide to ride over there tomorrow  & try a day he wants to move camp over — I am against this as I think  the horses running all over the ground ringing bells make the bulls move  & make them restless when they are running the cows I don't know &  I OUGHT to take what I am told by experienced men as gospell but  that is my opinion all the same I ought to be home next Thursday or  Friday — I would like to have had a day with Henry on the new ground  Sun Sep 18th  Went on new ground NE of camp about 6 miles found lots of new trail  but saw no caraboo. Have given the order for Home start tomorrow  — I will hunt as far as the New camp — the feature of the day was  that I lost part of my gun Vi mile back in the bush I hunted for it &  found it with great luck I think we ought to have a shooting box in the  mountains & spen a month or 6 weeks in it every year  Monday Sep 19  8 o'clock Storm Brewing Storm Burst all night but rather over rated  itself Thunder & lightning Couldn't find the horses so was obliged to  send Henry & myself out hunting alone Henry & I had a hard walk  over any impossible country & saw nthing we laughed a good deal &  both enjoyed returned to camp weary & foot sore about 6 o'clock Henry  is the class of man I like to hunt with aler silent & quite half Indian  I hope to do more with him — But for him I think camp would mutiny  Henry is a philosopher & I fear like a lot of his breed a little.. .Our guide  was I think quite relieved when we announced that we had failed to procure blood — Rotten class of man I haven't found any generosity in  him anywhere Thoroughly mistaken in him — a disapointed rotten man  takes us 3 day back trail to Vernon that doesn't promise to be a pleasant trip so far as he is concerned wasnt to buy his mare Floss as a birthday present for Dick, want to tak Missus & Dick out bear shooting on  Oct 1 st & I want her to have something to ride The nights here are lovely  moon & stars & hills & fir trees etc. Naught but man is vile & by the  holy he is disgusting.  84 Skimming Through A Diary  by Betty Davidson  The diary, which is the basis for the following article, was kept by John  Davidson. He was born in Rutherglen, Scotland in 1850. He went to  sea before the end of the era of sailing ships and eventually he became  a ship's carpenter. In 1884 he was on the west coast of North America,  where he met and married Christina Docksteader on December 3rd,  in Port Haney, B.C. Their first child, William Alexander, was born  on February 23rd, 1886 at Pitt Meadows. The year following, on July  8th, Annie was born to them in San Francisco. A third child, Allan  Hamilton, was born on September 9th, 1890 in B.C. as Christina had  returned from the United States to be near her family. John in the meanwhile had signed aboard the Scottish Hills on April 12th, 1890 in San  Francisco for a trip which ended in Liverpool on September 19th, 1890.  After a visit to Scotland he returned to his family in Canada.  In 1892, with the completion of the Shuswap and Okanagan  Railway, the C.P.R. recognized the need for an adequate shipping service on the lake. They resolved to build a stern-wheeler to fill this need.  It was to work on this project that John travelled to the Okanagan. His  diary begins with, "arrived at Okanagan Landing Tuesday 29 Nov.  Started work at 12 o'clock making platform."  According to Captain Otto L. Estabrooks in the 32nd Report of the  O.H.S. "...the Str. Aberdeen was built at Okanagan Landing for less  than $50,000..." Davidson's diary records his daily wage to have  been $2.50 and the number of days that he worked were eighty-four.  Every day but Sunday was a working day and as Christmas and New  Year's day fell on Sundays that winter of 1892-93 no allowance was made  for any additional time off. Toward the end of his stay on this job two  entries read, "Mon. Apr. 3 Wallace and Mort leave. George and Wall  fight. Thursday Apr. 6 laid off for rain. Demand time." One can wonder  if this was a reference to labour strife or if this was the norm as the project neared completion.  During late 1892 and early 1893 the weather was described by John  as " cold... very cold... coldest on record... a little worse." He was working on frames and keelson, a longitudinal structure above and fastened  to the keel to provide strength. In January he was able to work until  the 25th at which time he laid off because of the "bitter cold" and did  not work until the last day of the month when he was "spinning oakum"  (tar soaked hemp fibres used in caulking). He sums up the month in  Betty Davidson is the granddaughter of John Davidson  85 Skimming A Diary  this manner "the last week in January the coldest spell I remember working out in. The thermometer registered thirty below zero (F)." He started  in February on oakum but on the 6th had to quit as it was too cold again.  So in that month he was able to work only five days. The work progressed in March and the final day of the month he does not mention  the weather at all — that being the day on which "Teen arrived".  The week following this John had left the employ of the C.P.R.  but he was not long without a job. On April 1st, 1893 he had written  ' 'Penticton at wharf first time for weeks.'' He agreed on the 7th to "repair  Penticton on beach." It was now, that between jobs, he started his search  for land on which to settle his family. The entry for April 18th reads  "worked all day discharging cord wood and getting scow on ways as  hard a job as I have had for some time. Very cold morning and bitter  cold afternoon, snow". The next day was fine and the scow was raised  and caulking was begun. When he started to spin oakum he was delayed  again because of the cold and wet weather but by the 21st he was "caulking all day" even though it was still cold and bleak. On this same day  he spoke to Lambly "about land" and two days later he went to see  the Wilson Ranch with which he "was highly pleased". The 27th day  of April saw him sending in his application for land. He "went over"  from Kelowna to the ranch on May 1 st in an apparently optimistic mood  The log house in August 1984 still stands, with roof replaced and serving now as a farm shed.  (Photo courtesy L. Paynter) Skimming A Diary  to plant potatoes. Later in the day he "joined Penticton at Kelowna about  five o'clock. Arrived at Landing half past nine p.m." His mood of optimism was not to last as on May 29th, 1893 he wrote, "am feeling rather  low in spirit and cannot see my way to go on ranch — not having enough  money". Just preceding this he had been building a boat and had been  "very much disappointed she was such bad model". However, on June  3rd "Buchery (probably Boucherie bd) offering $25.00 for the boat".  This must have buoyed his spirit for he went again to the ranch and  at this time he mentioned he was not altogether satisfied with the "house"  which was on the property.  Christina Davidson with daughter Lillian taken about 1903.  Art Downs in Paddlewheels on the Frontier, Vol. 2, describes the launching of the S.S. Aberdeen on May 3rd, 1893. That day saw John heading  south aboard the Penticton to Kelowna, where they loaded two thousand  feet of lumber returning to the Landing the next day. He was still working  on the scow when the machinery was loaded at Okanagan Landing and  towed to the new mill site in Kelowna.  It was on May 12th, 1893 that John Davidson "recorded claim"  at Vernon for 320 acres. In Dorothy Hewlett Gellatly's A Bit of Okanagan  87 Skimming A Diary  History (1932) this property was listed as Lot #2606 and the Pre-emption  #1496. On June 8th he wrote to Norris (Government Agent Leonard  Norris bd) in Vernon about record and packed up "box and baggage"  and left the Landing aboard the Penticton for Power's place. They had  their belongings all moved from the lakeshore to the ranch in less than  ten days. On his next trip across the lake to Kelowna he wrote once  more to Norris for the record and it was not until July 6th that he received  it, as it had been addressed to the Mission in error.  Since they had to cross the lake for mail and supplies, the Davidson's soon made friends with the Alex McLennan family. The latter  would store any goods that could not readily be carried to the ranch  in a single trip and John would return, at his convenience, for the remainder. One day he was there on such a mission and the entry read  "very warm morning. Got thrown from horse at McLennan's. Had to  walk home and pack sugar. Paid Kloochman fifty cents for bringing horse  and very glad". (In the 14th Report of O.H.S., E.V. de Latour defines  the word kloochman as female.) John wrote the next day that he was  "feeling bad" because of the fall from the horse.  John set about digging a well, clearing a site and cutting logs for  a new house. On the last day of August he noted "smoke like haze all  over the country". Work continued with the logs for the building. First  they were limbed, next cut to size and finally peeled during the summer and fall. His friends Marshall and Spaugh helped him and by  January 5th, 1894 the log walls were finished. In May of that year John  was peeling rafters and he had them in place a short time later. Through  Lequime he got shingles and sixteen hundred feet of eight inch lumber,  all was offloaded at the Point and then hauled to the ranch. The shingling of the roof was begun on June 8th. On the 16th of June 1894 John  wrote "moved to new house. Very hot mosquitoes bad".  Before the house was built the family had lived in the building which  had been on the property. John had remarked that it did not satisfy him  and he had made repairs on it. It is interesting to note that after they  moved into it, it was always referred to as "the shack" or "the cabin"  while the log structure under construction was accorded the more  dignified term "the house". On September 8th, 1893 he had written  that the roof was leaking, but even with repairs it remained a problem.  In the autumn of that year John, Teen and the children moved to McLennan's home because Mrs. McLennan was seriously ill in Vernon. The  Davidson family remained there for over a month with John returning  to the ranch at intervals. One day in November he found the cabin really  wet. He hung clothes out to dry. After Mrs. McLennan's recovery and  return home, the Davidson's moved back to the cabin at the ranch. John  was away for a few days scaling logs and on the day of his return home,  he sums up "whole outfit rather cold". Then he recorded that he "filed  88 Skimming A Diary  saw and cut some firewood". Just over a week later he wrote "cloudy  thawing all day. Sowed a little timothy on melting snow. A night of terror sat around stove the five of us — raining as hard as outside". The  next day although it was Sunday he was "fixing roof of cabin. A beautiful  day strong breeze".  John was working for Riley(1) on January 15th, 1894, and he wrote  "put two pieces in Penticton's bow" and on returning up the Lake on  the 18th he "arrived at Trout Creek about 6 a.m. and worked at scow  went to sleep at Gartrell's". The Penticton called at Trout Creek again  on the 20th at 5 a.m. and he "booked passage to Kelowna". That evening  he recorded that he had left his hammer at Trout Creek. Four days later  he sent a letter to Riley for his hammer!  There were several instances where John mentioned illness or injury. He had an infected thumb when he first arrived at the ranch which,  because of the pain, kept him from working for almost a week. At one  point both he and Teen were ill. Their friends Marshall and Murray  rallied around, ran errands, stayed over and fetched the doctor from  Kelowna on two separate occasions. Previous to this, when Mrs. McLennan had been so sick and her husband had set out for Vernon on a very  stormy night John had written "what poor mortals we are in a case of  illness". On August 24th, 1894 another son was born to Teen and John.  He was born at home with an Indian midwife in attendance. He was  named John Clarence. The family had been living in the new house  for about two months when this baby arrived and yet it was not until  December 1st, 1894 that John wrote "got windows. Put in one same  evening".  While John was working on the construction of the Aberdeen there  was very little recorded other than the weather and the work itself. Two  exceptions to this were December 25th, 1892 when he made the entry  "Mortimer with flute" and late in March 1893 when he "fished through  the ice". Later at the ranch there seemed to be more social life with  friends calling in or John returning these calls. Occasionally he mentions that the family joined him in this socializing. In February 1894  he "went to Kelowna a very cold day to sit on sled. Shoes Annie and  baby" so I feel he took the children with him on that occasion. Also  that month Alex McLennan "brought a paper to sign for the Voter's  List", which John signed.  Soon after they were settled at the ranch they had a garden planted.  John mentions parsnips, beans, onions, turnips and potatoes being  planted the first year and the following year he would add tomatoes,  cabbage, corn, sunflowers and strawberries and tobacco. In November  1893 Jones, Slayback and he discussed fruit trees. Then in March he  got and planted peach and cherry seeds. The diary does not continue  long enough to determine if this endeavour was in any way successful Skimming A Diary  but certainly there was an orchard planted later on and fruit was shipped from there by him. In September 1893 he "got chickens from  Gilbert" and shortly thereafter he had built a chicken house. The next  June he lost some of the chickens to coyotes. By February 1894 he had  arranged with Lambly to leave a heifer at Alex McLennan's and on  April 17th he set duck eggs. In May he "set eggs brown hen". By August  he agreed to "get 'Prince'" and with help from Eneas (McDougall bd)  they got the horse across the Lake.  The wild life that John mentioned during this time were snakes,  hawks, grouse, coyotes, geese and deer. He saw what he thought to be  a panther track in September 1893 but he did not see the animal. The  deer seem to have been plentiful and on a hunting trip with Slayback  on November 16th, 1893, though the entry is not easy to decipher he  wrote "he shot buck.. .a good twenty miles''. The next day a very terse  "got deer with horse". One has to read between the lines to really appreciate exactly what was meant here! It was not until December 1893  that he shot his first deer though he had hunted regularly with other men.  On January 16th, 1894 John approached Norris in Vernon about  the settler's need for a road in the district. Mr. Norris "agreed at once  to give $100.00 perhaps more for road to be built at once and paid for  end of June after Christian seeing it". A month later John wrote, "started  at road clearing for bridge cold high wind blowing snow". By the third  week of March the first grade was finished and a week later "the first  grade west side of creek" was finished. By April 5th, 1894 they had  covered the bridge, and on the 19th of that month he contacted Norris  regarding the pay sheet. The names that he mentioned during the road  work included the following: Marshall, Murray, Slayback, George, Billy  and Perry.  In December of 1894 John wrote, "Penticton to be sold". This seemed  to signal the end of an era for him. The diary stopped on January 5th,  1895. The next entry would be March 25th, 1895 and he was heading  to the Arrow Lakes in search of work, leaving Teen and the four children  at the ranch.  It was in this manner that the family came to settle in the Okanagan.  Another daughter was born to the family in 1901. She was named Lillian  Maisie Mae. The older four children attended the first school near  McDougall Creek while the youngest attended the Westbank Townsite  school.  On May 3rd, 1920 Teen wrote to her son Allan "your father was  over to Kelowna a few days ago and he went to see Mr. Groves the  engineer and he tells him that the Government is going to put water  on the land and he is coming over here soon to see how high it will come  up on our place, so if that really is the case we should get a good price  for the old ranch". However Christina Davidson died unexpectedly  90 Skimming A Diary  following an operation on May 22nd, 1920 at the Vancouver General  Hospital.  Allan who had been in Saskatchewan had not received the wire telling of his mother's death so following the funeral John wrote to him  saying, "it has been a crushing blow to us all. At present I cannot see  my way clear but I must get away from the Ranch". He concluded the  letter with, "for me no one to confide in, it looks black".  When his property in Saskatchewan sold Allan did return to the  Okanagan and took over the ranch. He married in December 1921 and  brought his bride to live there. John stayed on in the log house while  the younger family built another one. In 1929 when Allan moved his  family nearer to the community of Westbank John moved with them.  He died in November of that year at the age of 79.  Captain Joseph B. Weeks, "Steamboating on Okanagan Lake" The Sixth Report of the OHS (1935),  p. 223.  91 Reminiscences  Summerland Boy Scout Camp at  Osoyoos: Summer of 1915  by R. Russell Munn  The following is the result of a meeting between James Marshall, A. R.  (Sandy) Munn, and Russell Munn on April 14, 1988.  In the summer of 1915, under the leadership of Otto Zimmerman  and Allen Harris, the Summerland Boy Scout Troop departed from its  usual camping places at Crescent Beach or Trout Creek Point, and went  60 miles south to Osoyoos Lake. There were 22 boys present: 3 from the  Harris family (including Al), 3 Smiths, 3 Munns, 2 Marshalls, 2  Gaytons, Fraser Lister, Chas. Daly, Gordon Blewett, Roland Reid,  Chick Chisholm, Ralph Purvis, and Harry Hobbs.  Somebody talked the Fruit Union into lending a large flatbed truck  equipped with hard rubber tires which carried us and our baggage over  the 60 miles of totally unimproved roads and through the stretches of  sagebrush and bunchgrass that is now Oliver. We camped on the east  side of the lake under a grove of cottonwoods about 5 miles north of the  U.S.- Canada border.  We carried out the usual activities of Scout Camp-a little drill, hiking and games, and much swimming in the beautiful lake. What we all  remember most vividly were the rattlesnakes. We dispatched at least 2  dozen of them during our stay, some of which were quite large. Jimmy  Marshall remembers one of the boys hurdling a sagebush during a soccer  game and landing on top of a large rattler. He also remembers how one  of the boys, Roland Reid, having captured a large bull snake went about  with it wrapped around his body with its head protruding from the front  of his shirt as a protection against rattlers, since bull snakes were reputed  to feed on rattlers. To test this theory, according to Sandy Munn, it was  decided to put this particular bull snake into a carton along with a rattier,  only to find them become quite friendly! Another recollection is of a ring  Russell Munn arrived in the Okanagan from Newfoundland in 1910 with his parents who settled in  Summerland. His career as a Librarian took him to the United States, where he remained  throughout his working years. In 1986 Mr. Munn returned to the Okanagan, retiring to Okanagan  Mission. He is a member of the Kelowna Branch of OHS.  92 Summerland Scout Camp  of boys surrounding a rattler, poking it with a long stick and watching it  strike, leaving beads of venom on the stick.  Summerland Boy Scout Troup 1915  Left to right:  Top Row: M. A. Marshall, Fraser Lister, Russell Munn, ? Lumsden, Chas. Daly, Gordon Blewett,  Harry Hobbs, Hugh Mclntyre, Sandy Munn  2nd Row: Warren Gayton, Blanchard Munn, Roland Reid, Allen Harris, Otto Zimmerman (Scoutmaster), Alex Smith, Joe Gayton, James Marshall  Front Row: Louis Smith, Jack Harris, Chick Chisholm, Ivor Harris, Ralph Purves  In our recollections we surmise that the reason we went to this spot  was by invitation of the Chief of a band of Inkaneep Indians who lived  about 2 miles back in the hills. Sandy recalls that the old Chief had sold  many horses to the Army for use in World War One, and that because of  this he had had dealings with our Scout Master, Otto Zimmerman, who  was then manager of the Bank of Montreal in Summerland. We were invited to visit the Indian village and all hiked up there one day. We were  most cordially received and fed quantitites of baking powder biscuits and  strawberry jam! The Chief held us spellbound with his accounts of the  early days and willingly fielded our many questions.  Blanchard Munn anticipated his later medical career by finding  some bones in an old graveyard and proceeding to make an exhibit of a  skull and cross-bones on a mound in front of his tent. When this came to  the attention of the Scout Master he was ordered to return the bones to  where he found them -- at once!  Another adventure was a trip to Oroville to see a movie — on Sunday afternoon! The film, we think, was "Hearts of the World", with  Lillian and Dorothy Gish. For a bunch of adolescent boys, this was strong  stuff!  As we look at the country today with its orchards and vineyards, it  is interesting to recall how much it has changed, and how much we have  changed over the years.  93 One Oliver Pioneer Family  by Edith M. Rienhart  The Empress of France was in dock at the Port of Quebec in Canada.  The Landing Card was stamped July 18, 1921. A family of three,  Stephen and Betsy Ann Barritt with small daughter Edith Mary, had  been cleared through Customs and Immigration to face a new life on the  other side of the continent. Their long journey was broken briefly at  Montreal to visit Mrs. Barritt's brother, Robert Knowles, and his family.  Then off to British Columbia by rail. At Kelowna they boarded the S.S.  Sicamous for Penticton where they were met by a sister and brother-in-  law, Elizabeth and William Crook.  I do not remember that part of the trip but I have been told that I  was a good traveller. However, I had to be kept under close supervision  as I liked to explore places that I should not, including climbing up on the  rail around the ship. As we rode down that narrow rutty road in the dust  and dry heat and then settled into a "tent house" consisting of one large  room with floor and walls of wood and roof of canvas supported by 2 by  4's and flapping in the wind, I think that my parents must have suffered  shock. They had lived in a brick home near Manchester. Yet this very  place named Oliver looked promising, despite all the hard work ahead.  So Mother and Dad settled down, looking only to the future.  My Dad chose the ten acres to which he, as a veteran, was entitled,  and then began to work on the "ditch'' which was to be the water line to  this arid valley. He fenced his property and planted apple trees which, a  couple of years later, were frozen in a severe winter. Fate must have stepped in for the best as Dad had planted the wrong variety. This time he  planted Winesaps along with some soft fruit trees, two of each for pollination and home use. When these trees bore more fruit than we could use  friends came and helped themselves. Two walnut trees grew well too.  Dad made a dug-out under the bedroom, the trap door to which was hidden under a braided rug. Down there went the preserved fruit, the  pickles, the potatoes and other vegetables stocked for the winter. The  steps down into the cellar were very steep and dark. I always carried a  lantern with me as I imagined some queer form lurking there, but not  even a snake entered. The cellar was always dry as our soil was light,  almost sand.  Dad had built small wooden flumes across the orchard to carry the  water from the canal to his plantings. Water was pumped from the completed canal through cement pipes into a water box. From there the water  Edith M. Rienhart is the only child of Oliver Pioneers Stephen and Betsy Ann Barritt.  94 Oliver Pioneer Family  was allowed to flow into the flumes of several growers for an allotted  number of days, then shut off and allowed to go into the flumes of the  next in line. (We drank the water straight from the flume and had no problems.) Dad built two cement cisterns, one near the house and the other  further away to supply the cow and chickens in their shed. The water was  all carried by hand, two pails at a time. As the cistern near the house was  usually depleted first. I can remember carrying a few pails to the house  before leaving for school. The young trees needed plenty of irrigating. I  would help by walking down the long rows to hoe out any obstruction in  the furrows that Dad had made with the horse and plough. Water flowed  into the furrows through small round holes made at intervals in the  flumes. After the water had been on twenty-four hours, little round plugs  were inserted into the holes and another set of holes was opened.  A newly formed packing-house had found a market for tomatoes,  canteloupe and cucumbers. My parents decided to plant these crops between the rows of young trees for extra income. Closer to the house was  a large vegetable garden, berry bushes and a strawberry patch. My  parents tried peanuts and they grew! Everything flourished in the virgin  soil. We did not go hungry.  Mother baked extra bread in the reliable wood stove for two  bachelors, Tom Joyson and Bill Dillon, who were starting their orchards  nearby. Both married some years later. By then we had neighbours all  around us as the time limit for veterans had passed and anyone could buy  the land. Some names remembered: The Potter families, Harold and  "Happy"; Dave Evans and his wife's father, Mr. Patenaude; Mr. and  Mrs. George McDougall who had moved down from Fairview; Mr. and  Mrs. T. Redstone; a Roscoe family; Mr. and Mrs. J. Mitchel and his  brother Charles (I was in his class for one term at school.); Mr. and Mrs.  J. O. Steves; Mr. and Mrs. H. Webber; Mr. and Mrs. A. Gayton; Mr.  and Mrs. J. Mars; Mrs. and Mrs. A. Bell; and the Renyis. Because most  of these families had children I was not lonely even if I was the only child.  Friends were made quickly in those days.  There was no electricity of course. We used those very dim coal-oil  lamps. It was a great day when Dad brought home a gas lamp. A bright  light flooded the whole room, kitchen and living area together. The only  difficulty was that the lamp would flare up when lit if the gas valve was  left on too long before applying the match. I was told of more than one  person who threw the whole lamp out of the door for fear of an explosion!  I don't think that I ever got used to the lamp lighting. Usually I retreated  to the doorway until all was safe.  When the United Church became a reality my Dad would sing in  the choir or play his violin. He entertained at Christmas concerts accompanied by Mrs. H. A. Ede. Mrs. E. B. Rossiter has written in her article  "The Oliver United Church" (27th Report, OHS, pp 58-64)  95 Oliver Pioneer Family  Whilst the congregation was waiting for the Rev. Dr. G. A. Wilson and the Rev.  Fergusson Miller to arrive from Penticton, Mr. Steve Barritt played selections on the  violin with Mrs. E. B. Rossiter as accompanist. The two ministers were considerably  delayed in getting here and Mr. Barritt had played right through the selections he had  brought with him and had just decided to start over again when luckily our visiting  pastors arrived.  We usually walked to church, about two miles, but many times we and  the children who went to Sunday School from our neighbourhood would  pile into the back of Mr. J. Mitchell's pick-up for the ride home. (Sunday  School was at the same hour as the church service.)  I also walked to school, going up the small hill past the Mars place to  the main road to join others for the rest of the way. The only time I ever  saw a rattlesnake near the orchards was on that path and I nearly stepped  on it. We did not have the luxury of a school bus every year but, when we  did, it was a long box-like structure of wooden planks and seats with open  windows, all tied with heavy rope onto the back of a truck. We really liked our bus despite the cold air and those hard seats. Our lunch pails (lard  pails) were used sometimes to bop each other as we scrambled for the best  seat.  The pleasurable times came when neighbours dropped in, relatives  came for supper, or we walked up the hill to Fairview. Mr. J. K. Anderson had a store up there before moving down to Oliver. Mr. Patton  brought around fresh meat to sell. I became friendly with the daughters  of Mr. and Mrs. C. Jones. Unfortunately their house burned down.  Then the family moved to Oliver where Mr. Jones had his butcher shop.  Sometimes mother would make ice-cream. The cream mixture was  put into a metal container which was set in the middle of a wooden pail  with salt and ice packed around it. Then came my job which was to turn  the handle until the contents thickened. That was a treat!  Mr. W. Raincock would cut ice in the winter to store in sawdust at  the back of his butcher shop. One day Dad brought home a radio. It had  three dials to tune in one station. The big batteries ran down quickly and  had to be recharged often, but the radio served us well until electricity  came to our house.  Edith Barritt on her way to school.  96 Enderby's First Drug Store  by E. L. Broderick  Although I never saw Enderby until 1945 when my father and I visited it  together, the town has always been of special significance in my life  because of the stories told by my parents. For it was in Enderby that my  family began, and the details are as follows.  In the early spring of 1904 William Tindall Broderick, a telegraph  operator by trade, came down from the Yukon Telegraph, where he had  been serving as operator at the little post of Bobtail Lake. He intended to  start on what he had chosen as his future profession. He had decided to  return east, enter McGill University and begin his studies for a degree in  pharmacy.  As the interior of British Columbia was rapidly opening up, one of  the areas that was being talked about as being the most promising was  Enderby, in the north Okanagan. For that reason the young and ambitious W. T. Broderick decided to drop in and take a look. There he  found a thriving community which supported a sawmill with a large  payroll, a flour mill that was turning the wheat from the expanding farms  into flour, and a prosperous looking business district. There were grocery  stores, a hardware store and a hotel. There was one thing lacking though,  a drug store, and the newcomer decided it was the right place for a person  who had decided on pharmacy as a profession. He would start a drug  store, put down roots and, when he had completed his course, he could  article in his own pharmacy.  Looking about the district W. T. Broderick decided there was more  than the drug business in which he could busy himself. Land was being  bought and sold at a faster and faster pace, therefore conveyancing and  notarizing would be required. So, on April 20, 1904 William Tindall  Broderick received a notary public seal, authorizing him to witness  signatures and convey real estate. That original seal is now in the Enderby museum.  The parents of the budding businessman were living in the far away  metropolis of Vancouver. Aroused by the enthusiasm in the letters from  their son, they left Vancouver and came to reside in Enderby. The elder  Brodericks, Albert Edward and Sarah, bought a large house and vacant  lot at the top end of the main street. The bachelor son lived with them,  and in the living room of that house began the drug business that  flourished over the intervening years. Many years later one of Enderby's  old timers, Bill Duncan, recalled seeing the display in the window as he  E. L. Broderick is the son of William Tindall Broderick. He is retired and lives in Okanagan Falls.  97 Enderby's Drug Store  walked by on his way to work.  In order to expand the growing business W. T. Broderick took in a  partner by the name of Nairn, and a company was formed. The store was  relocated in the recently completed Bell Block, at the eastern end of the  main street. As there was not enough business to keep two men busy at  that early stage W. T. Broderick decided his partner should have the chief  position, as he was a qualified pharmacist. Therefore it was called 'Nairn  and Company', and W. T. Broderick became a silent partner. Once the  company was established, and in order to give it time in which to expand,  the ex-telegraph operator-partner left Enderby and returned to his old  trade with his first employer, the Canadian Pacific Railroad Company.  The D. Nairn and Co. Drug Store in Enderby in the Bell Block (the corner of Cliff and Maud  Streets) in 1905. Photo courtesy of the Enderby Museum.  In December, 1904 W. T. Broderick was night operator at Grand  Forks. Soon he was moved to Farron. All the while he was away he was  keeping track of the drug business in Enderby. While at Farron, the news  he received became disturbing. The reports from his partner did not  sound right, and warning bells began ringing in his astute mind.  Deciding that he would have to assess the situation for himself, he resigned his position at Farron and returned to Enderby.  Nairn, startled when his partner unexpectedly arrived at the  business establishment, assured him that everything was in order. But W.  T. Broderick immediately began taking stock, and was appalled. Going  over the books, his fears were confirmed.  98 Enderby's Drug Store  W. T. Broderick chose to be reasonable and proposed to buy out his  partner. Mr. Nairn agreed.  As the drug store was showing promise, W. T. Broderick wished to  become an active part of it again. He discovered that, according to the  laws of British Columbia, if he had a company with a pharmacist as part  of the firm, he could do some of the dispensing. This he had always  wanted to do. He had a good knowledge of chemistry and felt confident  that he could assist in the dispensing. He looked about and came in contact with Arthur Reeves, a qualified pharmacist who was willing to enter  into a partnership with him. So the 'Enderby Drug Company' was formed.  The two men proved to be compatible, and Art Reeves was a capable and  trustworthy partner. The Enderby Drug Company grew and improved.  In 1906, while behind the counter of the drug store, William Tindall  Broderick met a new member of the community, a young lady named  Rosa Bird. She had recently arrived in Enderby to work for the Bell family in their large home. A friendship developed between the young druggist and the new arrival, which soon turned into courtship. On January  9, 1907, with Arthur Reeves as best man, the couple were married in the  home of the groom's parents. Then, after a honeymoon at the famous  Halcyon Hotspring Spa on the Arrow Lakes, the newly weds took up  housekeeping in a suite on the top floor of the Brodericks' large house.  But marriage could not curb the restlessness and ambition of  William Tindall Broderick. There was a real estate boom going full blast  in Vancouver, and letters from his sister Georgina, telling of her successful forays into the market, started his adrenalin flowing as he visualized himself a part of it. A drug store in the little town of Enderby suddenly  seemed inadequate. He must be involved in that exciting activity taking  place in Vancouver!  Late in the fall of 1907 William Tindall Broderick sold his share of  Enderby Drug Company to his partner Art Reeves; the business became  'A. Reeves-Drugs'. The young Broderick couple left Enderby, as the first  child was expected; then shortly afterwards the elder Brodericks followed  them to the coast.  The years went by. The drug store prospered under the ownership  of Art Reeves, until he sold out to Ed Sparrow in 1945. Rose and Tindall  Broderick lived an adventurous life, as their five children were born during the following years. After many enterprises W.T. Broderick eventually rejoined the C.P.R. as telegraph operator.  In 1939, while on a trip from the prairies to Vancouver, Tindall  Broderick decided to drop in at Enderby to see how his former home had  fared. He said: "There was the drug store, just the way it was when I left.  I walked in, and behind the counter was the man I had sold out to thirty-  two years ago. I walked up to him and he said, 'Why Tin, what are you  doing here?'".  99 Enderby's Drug Store  The two men had a friendly reunion. W. T. Broderick stayed a  while, and later remarked: "I went into the dispensary, and after thirty-  two years there were still bottles on the shelves with the labels written in  my handwriting''.  William Tindall Broderick never did become a qualified pharmacist,  but he went on to many other occupations in his busy life. Always  though, wherever we were, our parents Rose and Tindall Broderick loved  to reminisce about "the Enderby Drug Store".  The Columbia Roller Mills (owned by the R. P. Rithet Co. of Victoria) in Enderby, 1904. Photo  taken by R.H. Trueman and Co., Vancouver. (Photo courtesy of the Enderby Museum.)  100 The Kingfisher Community Hall  by Isobel Simard  During the early days of the Hupel and Kingfisher communities near  Mabel Lake, twenty-two miles east of Enderby, the little log school house  was not only a place of learning but served also as a hall for meetings,  dances, concerts, church services, weddings, card parties, political rallies,  basket socials, bazaars, and other affairs. Eva Monkhouse wrote of an  incident that occurred when the Helping Hand Club held its first bazaar  there:  The schoolhouse was packed with people. In one corner there was tea-cup reading  and fortunes told by "Gypsy" Eva Simard in a colorful costume with a candle burning on the table for its eerie effect. Suddenly her veil caught fire and the fire spread  to her costume. There was a moment of panic with patrons rushing towards to door  as the frantic woman tried to beat out the flames, until a man threw his coat about  her and smothered the flames before much harm was done. However, this incident  sparked the resolve of the residents to build a more adequate recreation building.  (Enderby Commoner)  A meeting was held at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Floyd Bramble  to discuss the feasibility of building a hall. It was agreed to proceed with  the project. However it wasn't until the fall of 1949 that the construction began. First a letter was written to the Deputy Registrar of Societies  in Victoria to obtain the necessary permits to build the hall. Then the  acre of land donated by Wilfred Simard had to be surveyed and registered  in the name of Kingfisher Community Club. Lindsay and Kidston of  Vernon drew up the constitution consisting of thirty-nine bylaws for the  club, dated November 23, 1949. The first chartered members were  Russell Large, Ed Tipton, Wilfred Simard, Agnes Abbey, and Martha  Chantler.  Now the building of the hall began with everyone in the valley lending a hand. Logs for the lumber were cut on crown land north of the  Kemp place towards Noreen Lake and skidded to Kingfisher Sawmills,  owned by Harold Acutt and Ed Tipton, to be sawn into lumber free  of charge. Lumber from hand picked birch trees to be used for the flooring  were hauled to Armstrong Sawmills in Enderby to be dry-piled and then  planed. Unfortunately, a fire at the mill destroyed this birch lumber.  However, Jack Smith of Armstrong Sawmills replaced the birch with  fir flooring free of charge.  To help pay for necessary materials, loans in the form of debentures were sold at $5.00 each to be paid back in the year 2000!  Isobel Simard was born and went to school in the Armstrong area. A retired teacher, she has  lived most of her life in the Kingfisher/Mabel Lake District east of Enderby.  101 Kingfisher Hall  i960: The old log schoolhouse being burned down. The Kingfisher Community Hall is in the  foreground. Photo courtesy of Isobel Simard.  Gravel for the foundation footing was hauled in an old 1929 Model  A dump truck by Emile Potrie. Sand for the cement was brought from  the nearby river in wheelbarrows by Nelson and Brian Tipton. Wilfred  Simard supplied the cement mixer and soon up went the walls. Those  helping at that time were Bill Bigney, Russell Large, Ed Meers, Larry  Fitzgerald, George and Ernie Potrie, Roy Phelps, Otto Tober, Ralph  Stevenson (who made the windows), Ernie and Fred Chantler, Floyd  Bramble and Herb Calvert (who planed the lumber for the walls).  Everyone worked hard in order to have the hall finished, partly  at least, in time for its first function — the wedding of Anna Bramble  and Wally Hlina on April 29, 1950. The roofing was finished on time  and the walls built high enough that people wouldn't fall outside between the two-by-sixes! It was Mrs. Hoffman who paid for the roofing  materials as her contribution towards the hall.  After that the walls and the ceiling were completed. Later an addition was built which was first used as a classroom and finally became  the kitchen. A room was added later to store tables, chairs, and other  supplies. Many improvements have been made over the years, the latest  being the double-paned windows made and installed recently by John  Everatt.  The ladies of the community have helped from the beginning in  many ways by putting on dances, concerts, bazaars, and other forms  of entertainment to raise money to pay for the hall's improvements.  The Kingfisher Community Hall has become a very busy place with  something going on almost every day including the teaching of art by  Colin Brookes, karate lessons by Jeffrey Fast, golf lessons, and badminton  games. What a good thing we had those dedicated people who decided  to build a hall forty years ago!  102 Knob Hill Community  by Edgar Docksteader  My grandfather, John Henry Docksteader, of Pennsylvania Dutch descent, came from the Muskoka district in Ontario. He married Annie  Elizabeth Hopkins about 1881. Annie was one of a family of eleven boys  and two girls from parents who came from Ireland in the 1840's or 1850's  and settled in Grey County among the bush and trees and rocks of that  area. John had three sisters and two or three brothers. He also had an  uncle who lived in the Kootenay at Nelson and an Uncle Adam who  lived at Haney in the 1890's, operating a store there. A brother Charles  lived at Armstrong for a period around 1900, having previously been  in Phoenix, British Columbia, when the mining there was in full swing.  Charles' son, Ralph, is now living in Westbank and was born in Kelowna  in 1900. John and Annie had one son, Albert, and two daughters, May  and Bertha. They came to Armstrong district in 1893, taking a homestead  the following year where A. Maw now lives. Logging and clearing the  land and building kept them busy. The girls attended school at Knob  Hill and later married in this area.  In 1910 the homestead was sold and John and Annie moved to the  property now known as Knob Hill Farms where their grandson Edgar,  Bertha's son, is still farming with his son Edward. Edgar, who had no  brothers or sisters, was married in 1932 to Edith Swift who came from  Alberta a few years before this. They have two sons, Stanley and Edward. Edgar also attended Knob Hill School from 1911 to 1918. This  school sometimes had 32 pupils in eight grades. Some of the teachers  were: Miss Wilson, Harold Murray who was a member of the pioneer  Murray family, and Dorcas Cary (nee Brash) who is now at Willowdale.  These last two teachers served during most of the 1914-1918 war. Some  of the pupils during these years were: Eddie and Addie Harding; John,  Peter and Madeline Marzo; Charlie, Martha and Ella Pehota; Jean  Dwos; Bob and Blanche Coldicott; Bob, Herb and Archie Hopkins; Gordon Akitt; Cliff and Irene Pearl Stoodley; (Gordon Mabel; Agnes,  Louise, and Scotty Dodds;) Clifford Severs; Clifford, Gordon, Ken and  Mabel Hardwick; Grace and Jay Rennelson; Nowton and Hector Ford;  Dorothy and Evelyn Phillips; Percy Brydon; Bill Burnett; Lenord, Harry,  Ernie, Herb, and Celia Hallam; Lambert, Cliff, and Mabel Farr; and  Margeritte Clark.  Edgar Docksteader has lived all his life in the Armstrong area. He continues to be active on the  family farm. His birth certificate reads Edgar Bell. After his parents' marriage dissolved, he was  adopted by his grandparents, the Docksteaders.  103 Knob Hill  The school put on a Christmas Concert each year in the adjacent  Methodist Church. A full house was usual. Of course Santa Claus visited  too. In the spring, long before the snow was all gone, the boys spent  noon hour playing marbles in the horse shed at the church, scraping  a smooth spot in the horse droppings. The girls had skipping ropes. In  the winter the boys usually had a shinny game going on the road where  the snow was packed. This consisted of homemade hockey sticks and  a square block of wood for a puck after the fashion of hockey. The school  was heated by a large wood heater, which is still there. However in real  cold weather the ink wells froze overnight and the lunches would be  frozen. When noon came they had to be thawed on top of the stove.  Lacking a well there was no water in winter and in summer a couple  of boys were detailed to fetch water from the Ford or Brydon place in  a pail which usually was only half full by the time the mile round-trip  was finished. A long-handled dipper was used. Then, in 1922, the consolidated school started in Armstrong and pupils were bussed into town  in Model T Ford trucks with home-built bus tops.  The Knob Hill Community Hall in 1985. Photo courtesy of the Armstrong Museum.  The old Knob Hill School was not in use for a few years until the  local residents decided to organize and acquire it for community purposes. A committee consisting of J.W. Caswell, J. Wilson, and E.S.  Docksteader were appointed to carry out this. The Knob Hill Community  Club was registered as a society and continues to this day. The old school  building has been used for political & religious meetings, dances, card  parties and Christmas parties for many years. During the Depression  dances were held here with sometimes 60 or 70 people. The music was  supplied by the Graves family with Andy Gates on the fiddle. Ed  104 Knob Hill  Hopkins, J.W. Caswell, Harvey McKeen, Bill Caesar and others called the square dances. The admittance charge was then $.25 or $.35 for  men and ladies bringing lunch. Ed Hopkins often kept the gate. The  music usually got $5.00.  In the early days dances were often held in someone's house. B.W.  Hopkins put on a dance about once a year, obtaining the services of  Jack Oniell from Salmon River as fiddler. Fred and Jim Hitt, Albert  Docksteader and others also had these house parties, and Alex Crawford's  place was popular.  For many years a Farmers' Institute picnic was held on the range  land back of Matheson's buildings on June 3rd. Heywoods from  Heywoods Corner would be there with a concession stand. Everyone  enjoyed the baseball game, foot races, and of course a big picnic lunch.  In later years a Knob Hill picnic and get-together would be held each  summer at a different place — Madeline Lake, Kalamalka Beach, Mara  Lake, Kinsmen Beach, or Canoe.  The church at Knob Hill was built in 1901. It carried on as a  Methodist Church until the Union in 1925. Thereafter it served as a  United Church until the 1940s. By that time everyone had automobiles  and those interested were able to attend church in Armstrong. Some  of the early organizers and attendants of the Knob Hill Church were  the Sharpes, the Fords, who donated the plot of land, the Docksteaders,  the Fears and many, many others. Mr. Fear, being a stone mason,  prepared a piece of limestone from Bowell's quarry for a cornerstone  in the foundation, dated 1901. The church was torn down in the 1950s  and the lot is used as a small municipal park.  Some of the early settlers included:  The Crawford family settled on east half of Section 14 top  34 in the 1880s. Mr. Crawford was a carpenter as well as farmer  and constructed many of the houses in the area. He also was  a musician and for a number of years was bandmaster of the  Armstrong City Band. They had three girls and two boys. One  girl, Ruby Maw, still lives here.  The McNair family originally came west from Nova Scotia  to Vancouver in 1893. The McNairs took land on the Northwest  Quarter-Section 14. There were two girls and five boys: Melvin,  Albert, Bob, Fred and Dave. Dave McNair served as General  Manager of Tree Fruits, Ltd.  The Bowell family took the Northwest Quarter-Section 13.  They helped start the Knob Hill School by donating one acre  of land. There being a limestone deposit on their land, they  constructed lime kilns and produced lime of a high quality for  a number of years. One of the Bowell boys later established  a funeral parlor at New Westminster.  105 Knob Hill  Sam Reid and family lived on land adjoining Dodds Road  while in this district, later living on Pleasant Valley.  Brydons lived on the property Pt. Northeast Quarter-  Section 13. There were three boys, and three girls. Lou Brydon,  farmed in Armstrong and Falkland area many years.  The Burnett family lived where Dr. Weir is now, coming  from California and previously from Ontario. The Burnetts  planted a large orchard. There were two girls and two boys,  one of whom became a medical doctor. The Rush family lived  on the place Dr. Weir has, previous to Burnetts.  The Hallam family homesteaded the Southwest Quarter-  Section 14 in 1892. There were two girls and six boys.  The Tilton family homesteaded in the 1880s on Southwest  Quarter-Section 13 recently owned by N. Rees. There were  five or six children.  The Bill Levins family homesteaded on a quarter-section  southwest of the Hallam property. Mrs. Levins was called on  as a midwife in the area for many years, there being no hospital  then and a doctor was not always available. There were two  boys and one girl. Bill Jr. served in the Boer War, and both  boys in the First World War. The girls' two sons, grandsons  of the senior Levins, also served in this war, one of whom, Jim  Schubert, lives in Armstrong at this time.  Mr. and Mrs. Dave Levins (brother of Bill) homesteaded  the property west of the Docksteader homestead. They had no  children.  The John Hunter family came to the district in 1892, purchasing property from Swanson. Two sons, Floyd and Willis,  lived and farmed in the district. Two daughters who were born  here are both still living in the area.  The Maw family arrived in 1910 or 1911 from Manitoba,  purchasing the John Docksteader property. Arthur Maw Sr.  still lives on the place.  106 1 mbutes  and Biographies  Leo Fuhr: "Mr. Beekeeper"  of the Okanagan  by Elizabeth Pryce  The first bees to arrive in British Columbia were transported by the ship  Pacific in May 1858 to Victoria Harbour, Vancouver Island, and consigned to Mr. J.B.C. Ogilivie. What happened to those first hives has  not been recorded. Mr. Ogilivie made a second importation of two hives  from Oregon. Those two hives were increased to six, and then to twelve.  The first beehives imported into the Okanagan Valley were those  brought by Father Charles Marie Pandosy who, at the same time, introduced the first apple trees. Established at the Mission, near present  day Kelowna, the honeybees did not fare well. The flora of the Central  Okanagan area was not abundant with the necessary nectar producing  plants. Consequently, during that first winter, the bees were starved  out. By comparison, where Mr. Ogilivie's bees had the benefit of not  only local wild flowers and berries but of fireweed which grew in abundance over the burnt-off fields of settlers, the colonies in Father Pandosy's care could garner very little nectar and pollen from the Okanagan's  natural resources of sagebrush, Olalla trees, and other berry bushes.  As the business of fruit growing developed in the Okanagan Valley  in the early 1900's, the work of the bee was never more needed than  in the area of orchard pollination. A solid, standard hive with movable  frames facilitated transport to and from orchards for spring pollination  and served for easier maintenance. Proper management of colonies, as  well as education and understanding in regard to bee diseases, produced  healthier hives, less swarming, and greater production of honey and wax.  Thus, the early settler quickly learned that considerable profit could be  realized. Building his own hive to standard specifications and setting  out on "bee tree hunting" expeditions through the woods in mid sum-  Elizabeth Pryce is descended from two well-known pioneer families in the South Okanagan.  Employed by the City of Penticton, she is Penticton Branch Editor of O.H.S. She was a prime  mover in the formation of Okanagan Falls Heritage & Museum Society.  107 Leo Fuhr  mer, a man interested in beekeeping could begin and expand his own  apiary quite inexpensively.  Leo Fuhr (right) worked as a fireman on the boats plying the waters of Okanagan Lake.  Marketing of the produce, upgrading in the maintenance of the  colony, and control of disease soon demanded attention. In February  1916 the first gathering of beekeepers was held in Vancouver to organize  an association for the betterment of beekeeping in British Columbia.  The result of that meeting was the Bee-Keepers Association of British  Columbia. The formation of the Association brought about profound  changes in procedures in the keeping of bees and in commercial honey  production in the province.  British Columbia has often been described as a "land flowing with  milk and honey''; and it is because of the tremendous efforts of our early pioneers in agriculture and apiculture that one can believe in that  inspiring phrase. One of the Okanagan Valley's early pioneers in  apiculture was the knowledgeable and much-respected beekeeper, Mr.  Leo Fuhr of the Vernon District.  Leo Fuhr was born in McNutt, Saskatchewan on the 28th of  September 1906. He was one of eight children in the family of Jacob  and Carolina Fuhr. His childhood years were spent on the family farm,  while he attended school in McNutt.  In 1919 Jacob and Carolina Fuhr moved their family of four boys  and four girls from Saskatchewan to Vernon, British Columbia, preempting acreage along the Okanagan Landing Road. There the Fuhrs  108 Leo Fuhr  planted a small apple orchard, milked dairy cows, and later operated  a poultry farm. The bulk of their eggs were sold to the boats plying the  waters of Okanagan Lake, such as the S.S. Sicamous.  The log house built by Mr. Fuhr in 1936, where Mrs. Grace Fuhr still lives. This photo was taken  in 1943.  During his first years in the North Okanagan, Leo's attendance  at the Okanagan Landing School was followed by employment on the  Coldstream Ranch. As well, he worked for some of the Chinese farmers  located in the area who raised ground crops, where he did plowing and  planting. For several years Leo worked as fireman on the S. S. Sicamous  and the Naramata. At one point he worked at the Vernon Fruit Union  Packinghouse.  Leo Fuhr's interest in bees developed when his father purchased  two hives to supply the family with honey and to aid in orchard pollination. It was not long before Leo sought to learn more regarding the  management and better production of multiple colonies.  In 1936 Leo Fuhr married Miss Grace Bailey of Vernon. Born in  Paynton, Saskatchewan, Grace, when still a baby, arrived in the Vernon area with her parents in the spring of 1913. They settled in Trinity  Valley where they operated a small farm. At the beginning of World  War I, Mr. Bailey moved his family into Vernon and enlisted in the  Canadian Army. Upon his return from active service, the Baileys returned to Trinity Valley, not moving back into Vernon until 1935.  Prior to his marriage Leo Fuhr had begun building a small log house  on a one-acre lot along Okanagan Landing Road. During the winter-  109 Leo Fuhr  time the logs for his house were hauled by horse teams and sleigh from  the bush on his father's property below Silver Star Mountain. When  he and Grace were married, Leo had only the kitchen completed, but  they persevered by living in the one room until the house was finished.  A mixture of clay and straw was applied from the inside of the house  by throwing chunks of it at the walls so the mix would settle between  the logs to stop the wind. Finally the walls were smoothed with a mix  of cement and clay, lending a plastered look to the rooms. It was a comfortable two bedroom home. However, as their family expanded to three  children, Ernie born in 1937, Joyce in 1941 and Brian in 1952, Leo  saw the need for more space and added one more room.  1  r  ffiffi '  I  JH                Hb  hr>                                                   %  '■'-"'^■s       ii ^ iii i   -  —   TM" "'     TTy<^!<l^gyfS  / J        '   JH  Ml£§S&§:        1                       til  V^j|  ¥  -■■I--*'.                                                                                                                                                                                                  .'■     ■';      V.         ■■;■     ■■■  Leo and Grace Fuhr with their family, Christmas 1953; standing, Ernie beside his sister Joyce,  and Brian on his mother's knee.  110 Leo Fuhr  Leo Fuhr — 1983  During the late 1930's the Fuhrs built a large chicken barn and  went into poultry farming. Their business included a hatchery. From  registered stock, they sold eggs and chickens both locally and privately.  During the 1940's, while still operating the poultry farm, Leo was  employed by the South Vernon Irrigation District as water flow controller in ditch irrigation patrol. In 1949 their poultry business was sold  and a small orchard purchased. However, in 1951 Mr. Fuhr's interest  in bees prompted him to sell his orchard and invest in beekeeping and  honey production, a business that was rapidly expanding in the province. It was not long before Leo's apiary consisted of 650 hives.  In 1948 Leo Fuhr became a member of the North Okanagan Division of the British Columbia Honey Producers Association. Through  the years he was to serve on the executive of that division, as well as  111 Leo Fuhr  terms as President and Secretary-Treasurer within the parent body, the  B.C. Honey Producers Association. He was also a member of the Canadian Honey Council. The first 4-H Honey Bee Club in British Columbia was founded by Mr. Fuhr in the early 1950's in the North Okanagan.  Besides his beekeepers' organizations Leo Fuhr's interest in young people  led him to organize the Teenage Club at Okanagan Landing. During  the 1950's he was also involved in the Okanagan Landing Regatta.  However, bees were "first" with Leo Fuhr. Consequently he was  led into a career which included not only keeping bees as a business  but also teaching beekeeping and honey production to others and encouraging the participation of community groups and students. Following  completion of the Bee Master Course at the University of B.C., Leo  held short night school courses through the next two decades for those  interested in beekeeping as a profession or hobby.  Mr. Fuhr, checking one of his many beehives at his Vernon apiary in 1975.  He was an Inspector for the Provincial Apiary Department, retiring in 1968, and a member of the Pollination Committee with John Corner of Vernon and Harvey Boone of Oliver. Judging honey at fairs during  the 1960's and 1970's, Leo travelled to Port Alberni, Cowichan Valley,  Cloverdale, as well as to fairs closer to home.  Fuhrs Okanagan Honey was the name of his apiary and place of  business, located on the Okanagan Landing Road. From this location  112 Leo Fuhr  Leo and his wife, Grace worked well together as a team producing creamed honey, liquid honey, bees wax and bee equipment made by Leo. As  their children grew up they too became involved in their parents' interests. A member of the Toastmasters for four years, Leo spoke to school  classes "on site" at his operations centre, instructed the Boy Scouts (he  was a member of the Parents Association), and held many field days  for beekeepers of all ages and experience.  Both the Fuhr sons belonged to the 4-H Club and later enrolled  in the Bee Master Course at the University of B.C Although Brian did  not continue with bees as a business, entering instead government service in the Environmental Branch as a wildlife biologist, he continues  to keep three hives at his home in Victoria. Ernie followed his father's  interest in beekeeping, working for a time in California for Homer Park,  who operated a business in Dawson Creek, B.C. as well. It was not long  before Ernie went into beekeeping for himself, with one hundred hives  in the Peace River Country at Fort St. John in 1958. Now Ernie has  one of the largest apiaries in the B.C Peace area.  As a service to Okanagan beekeepers Leo initiated the importation of package bees from California. This part of Leo's business was  taken over by Ernie in 1970 and continued until the closing of the  Canada-U.S. Border in 1988 due to the presence of the Varroa and  Tracheal Mites.  Fuhrs Okanagan Honey was an operation of 650 hives, mainly Italian  bees, which Leo placed in fields between Vernon and Salmon Arm. The  extraction of the honey was done in one session from August through  the fall season. Creamed and liquid honey were packaged and marketed  commercially. A staunch supporter of her husband and his interests,  Grace Fuhr assisted Leo in both the poultry and the honey business.  With him, she was a member of the North Okanagan Division of the  B.C. Honey Producers Association and, when possible, still attends the  annual BCHPA convention held in October each year. An active community worker, she has been Chairman of the Honey Division of the  Annual Armstrong Fair, involved with Girl Guides since 1952, the  Square Dancing Association from 1953-1985, and was with the  Toastmistress Club for four years. In 1976, with beekeepers mainly from  British Columbia and the United States, Grace and Leo visited New  Zealand, where they met with those engaged in beekeeping and honey  production.  Many special honors and awards were bestowed upon Leo Fuhr  during his career. Probably the most rewarding were the prestigious Gold  Medals won at the Pacific National Exhibition held annually in Vancouver. They were: 1949 and 1951 — Honey scoring highest points for  quality; 1955 and 1956 — Best Honey in Commercial Class; 1967 —  Honey, Commercial Class 300 pounds. A Bronze Medal was won in  113 Leo Fuhr  the early 1960's for Honey in the Commercial Class. Awards were also  won in the Honey Division of the Interior Provincial Exhibition held  in Armstrong. The walls of the Fuhr's Honey House are lined with prize  ribbons and framed citations, such as an Appreciation Award from the  Canadian Council on 4-H Clubs; a certificate "in recognition of five  years of Leadership in 4-H Club Work''; the Vernon 4-H Honey Bee  Council four years in a row; the 1959 Salmon Arm Honey Bee Club  Award; and, the Vernon Recreation Commission Recognition Award  for his outstanding "Contribution to Promotion of 4-H Bee Club, October 1956". As well, Grace Fuhr was presented with the Western  Apiculturist Society's 1st Prize in Honey Cooking in 1980.  Mr. Leo Fuhr passed away at the age of 79 in Vernon Jubilee  Hospital April 8, 1985 following heart failure which led to other complications. He is survived by his loving wife, Grace who still lives in  the comfortable log house built for her by her husband and sons Ernest  of Fort St. John and Brian of Victoria. Mr. Fuhr was predeceased by  his daughter, Joyce (Mrs. Norman Morris of Salmon Arm) in July 1967.  In a tribute to Mr. Fuhr, published in the June 1985 issue oi Bee Scene,  his good friend and fellow beekeeper Mr. Henry Barten of Westbank  wrote, "The month of April was a sad month for beekeepers of B.C  Leo Fuhr passed away early in April and will be missed by all of us who  have known Leo for many years. He was MR. BEEKEEPER of the  Okanagan".  NOTE:  I wish to acknowledge assistance from Mr. Henry Barten, who passed away suddenly on June  26, 1987 in Kelowna Hospital at the age of 74 years. Like Mr. Fuhr, Henry Barten was an apiarist,  noted speaker, lecturer, inspector and judge in the beekeeping industry of British Columbia. My  grateful thanks also to Mrs. Grace Fuhr for the use of family photographs and her many notes  of family history.  114 A.E. (Nick) Jones — An Appreciation  by Elizabeth Kangyal & John McCarthy  Since school classes commenced in September 1921 in the United Church  manse garage, Oliver has had a succession of dedicated teachers. Over  the years, some have been home-grown, some from other parts of B.C.  and Canada and a few from distant lands.  Our story concerns one Albert Ernest (Nick) Jones, who came to  us by chance. Nick was born in Scotland of an English father, and an  Irish mother. He had a Scottish upbringing.  Nick began his studies at Glasgow University at age fourteen, after  winning a medal as the top school student in Scotland. He received his  Master's degree from London University, then graduated at age 22 from  Heidelberg University in Germany, with a Doctorate in Physics. In  Heidelberg he studied under Niels Bohr, a father of Atomic Physics and  attended lectures by Albert Einstein.  In 1937 he travelled to Boston, Mass. to lecture at M.I.T. It was  from there that he was called up in 1939 to serve in the Royal Navy.  He reached the rank of Acting Commander by the end of the war. He  took part in the Murmansk and Mediterranean Convoys and was Chief  Meteorological Officer for the Royal Navy in the Mediterranean. He  was torpedoed three times and spent 27 hours in the water when the  Liverpool was sunk while on patrol off Crete.  While in Russia to co-ordinate meteorology for the allied forces,  he took a train from Moscow to Gmsk in Siberia. Following the surrender of Germany, Nick served in the Far East and South Pacific before  being demobilized in 1947.  Nick was always an avid traveller. At age 18, along with his brother  and a friend, he journeyed overland from Israel, through Turkey and  Iran, to Baghdad and on to Tashkent in Russia, before heading through  Afghanistan and the Khyber Pass into India. They got as far as Calcutta before returning to Scotland.  After the war, he taught a year in Khartoum Sudan, and spent four  months travelling from Egypt to South Africa. He spent a year in Nigeria  and then crossed Africa to the east coast where he boarded ship to South  America. A year's teaching at Callab, near Lima, Peru was followed  by three months spent crossing the Andes, Lake Titicaca to Buenos Aires  in Brazil, before returning to Glasgow.  Elizabeth Kangyal is a transplant from Hungary, and has lived in Oliver since 1930. A retired  accountant, she has been freelance writing for the past ten years.  John McCarthy, a colleague of Nick Jones, is in charge of Business Education at the South Okanagan  Secondary School. He has been on the teaching staff there since graduating from UBC in 1967.  115 Nick Jones  He taught Physics at Glasgow University for three years and was  a member of the inter-university committee on atomic research.  One evening in 1954, Nick was in a tea room waiting for a bus  and struck up conversation with a gentleman who was just back from  a trip to the Okanagan Valley. He described it as a place where the sun  shone every day, and peaches grew in abundance. He was James Wight,  uncle of Laird and Gordon Wight of Oliver.  A.E. (Nick) Jones on retirement, 1980. Picture taken at the school.  Nick was ripe for a change of pace as well as country. He signed  up to teach in the South Okanagan and arrived in Oliver in August 1955,  to oppressive heat, dust, parched brown hills and peaches! The culture  shock from stately Glasgow to the 34 year old hamlet with few amenities  must have been formidable. Nick was undaunted, but determined he  would give it a year, no more.  116 Nick Jones  The Jones family in their garden, taken on the 30th Wedding Anniversary, 1986. Standing from  left to right: Robin, Elizabeth, Frank, David, Bronwen, Monica. Seated: Patricia and A.E. (Nick)  Jones  We may never have truly understood our roving Scot, had it not  been for the chance stopover in Oliver of another world traveller, Patricia  Mullen. Patricia was a young Aussie nurse working her way around  the world when she ran into our local single school teacher. Nick had  finally met his match. The footloose world wanderer ended up as Mr.  Solid Citizen, father of two boys and four girls.  Nick was quickly put in charge of Junior and Senior High School  Science.  Students were always his joy. Besides his world travels and advanced  education, he had the unique ability to simplify the complex, demonstrate  the abstract, and throw in an interesting anecdote. His use of the carrot  and the stick allowed him to get great results from the best and the worst  students in the school. It was no small number of Nick's "Cretinous  Morons" that ended up with top marks on the Provincial physics exams. The students soon responded warmly by summing him up as "Admiral Nick".  One student, W.D. Ogilvie (Class of 1960-61), now a mining  engineer, has recalled Nick ".. .as one of a very select number of educators  who gave his students, not only the basics of the course, but also the  incentive to explore those aspects of education which they found intriguing... We were being trained, although unknown to us at that time, to  117 Nick Jones  look beyond the course core and to open our minds to all aspects of science  and to question many aspects of life itself.. .All students should have the  opportunity at some time in their education to experience the enjoyment of an educator like A.E.J., who was able to transmit his values  and enthusiasm for life and learning".  John McCarthy recalls: "I had the opportunity to work with Nick  on the teachers' negotiating team for several years. Although I was chairman of the committee, it was always Nick who would carry the day when  the going got rough. His ability to do mental arithmetic very quickly  and to turn an idea to his advantage with blustery charm would often  relieve tension and pave the way to progress. There were many times  when I saw Andrew Endreny, Chester Hutton, Bill Barton or Dick Sladen  suppress a smile after Nick countered his point".  Nick's commitment to kids did not end in the schoolyard. Christ  the King Catholic Church had him as co-ordinator of its catechism program for many years. The Oliver Minor Hockey enlisted his services  as president. But it was as a member of the Oliver Rotary Club, where  Nick maintained his contact with the business community, that he did  most for his school. He enhanced the image of education by being its  ambassador and enthusiastically supported the youth programs which  Rotary sponsored.  It was no surprise that the qualities that made Nick the sought-  after school teacher and community group member also made him a  welcome guest. Good talk and good drink are still two of his loves and  he makes sure things are never boring when he is around. Countering  an argument or recounting a tale, explaining a concept or discussing  a dress, Nick is at home in all social situations.  Nick loves the privacy of his small orchard, and looking after his  flock of chickens. He retired in 1980 but continued to teach math and  physics to grades eleven and twelve for another two years. Following  that, for two more years, he did substitute teaching. He still enjoys his  orchard and grows some of the best peaches in the Okanagan Valley.  Fate, kismet, chance, call it what you will, it's always amazing to  see how peoples' lives unfold and how they influence those around them.  In Nick's case, Oliver was dealt a royal flush of spades.  118 Benny (Benichi Ueda)  by Jenny Sato  In the early '30s a young boy used to spend much of his spare time at  the Ford garage in downtown Kelowna, watching the mechanics work.  His days were spent, not in school, but helping his widowed mother  to support the family of six children.  When the partnership of Murchison and Truswell offered him a job,  Benichi Ueda was ready for his escape from farm work. He stayed with  this company until 1948, when he purchased an existing service station  on the south east corner of the intersection of the present Sutherland  Avenue and Gordon Drive. This station was purchased for $20,000, a  handsome price for such a flimsy structure. It was heated by a barrel-  stove and could accommodate only two cars at a time. Repairs to large  vehicles had to be done outside. The location was good, if not a little  dangerous at times. Late one night, a car failed to negotiate the sharp  right-angle turn, smashed into the front doors of the garage then continued on its way, leaving a splintered mess.  For a few years, Ben hand-pumped gasoline into cars so that a "fill-  up" took considerably longer than it does today. By 1950, it was obvious that the old building would have to be replaced, so from the east  side of the building, construction of a brick structure began.  Opening day in September 1952 was festive with fat helium balloons  announcing the new Benny's Service. During the following years, the  highway brought many tourists from the U.S. Invariably, and to  everyone's amusement, the visitors would ask, "How much further  before we see Eskimos and snow?" The question might have deserved  a more serious answer if the season had been winter but these were  tourists feeling the heat of a Kelowna summer.  As any owner of a small business knows, there is always a lot of  work involved. In those days, it meant starting up the coal-burning furnace before breakfast during the cold months and ending most days with  cleaning and bookkeeping, as late as 2 or 3 A.M. From time to time,  there were customers who couldn't, or wouldn't pay. On occasion, it  was helpful to engage the services of a collector, but often those debts  were simply considered losses. Once, when a bill couldn't be paid, a  little bartering took place. The pots-and-pans salesman's wares were  valued at $90 a set and he offered them in exchange for repairs. They  were every bit as good as he'd promised though, for the copper-bottomed  pots are still being used today.  Jenny Sato is the daughter of Benny Ueda. She resides in Kelowna.  119 Benny Ueda  Benny's Service at the corner of Sutherland Ave. and Gordon Dr., Kelowna, in 1948.  #  g    f m      a.  ^T—^"Vh—V'  «   \  The Grand Opening of Benny's new station at the corner of Sutherland Ave. and Gordon Dr.,  Kelowna, in September 1952.  In 1957, Ben took on two apprentices. There was no formal education program in Kelowna and apprenticeship was the only way to become  a mechanic. As well as doing the practical work, apprentices were required to attend the vocational school in Nanaimo for a month each  year, for four years. Ben himself endeavoured to keep current by attending various courses.  In the garage, there were usually two experienced mechanics  available and one or two high school students who pumped gas after  school and on weekends. Whether or not the business was open in the  120 Benny Ueda  evenings, there seemed to be a collection of young fellows who "tinkered"  with their own vehicles and kept them well-polished. Most of them are  in their 40s and 50s now and many of them would remember Benny  as the one who would lend you a piece of equipment and give you free  advice to do your own repairs.  Ben's own family car was a 1940 Mercury which he drove until  1957. So loyal to Ford was he, that he was quite prepared to make his  next car an Edsel when that model was introduced. He would have,  except for protests from his wife, Amy, who did not like the looks of  the Edsel...it was the only time he chose a non-Ford.  In many respects, Ben was a fortunate man. He enjoyed the work  he did, repairing cars, trucks, motors of all kinds and he especially liked  to see his customers pleased with a job well done. But as a very young  boy, he had wanted to become an airplane mechanic. The eldest child  of a widow, he could not obtain the education he needed and at any  rate, could not leave the area. As the story goes, he talked about his  dreams to Dr. Knox, who advised him to stay put and help to support  his family. Ben's response was to sulk and speak to no one for three  months. Throughout most of his adult life, his hobby was building and  flying model airplanes. The planes had to be constructed from diagrams  as there were no kits to work from — he probably enjoyed building them  more than flying them, as he was a meticulous craftsman. On Sunday  mornings, he would work on his planes and listen to sermons on the  radio. He didn't consider himself Christian but seemed to derive satisfaction from the messages he heard.  His other life-long hobby was fishing and much before the Thompson River became as popular as it is now, he and his friends would fish  for steelhead salmon. The natives at first mistook him for one of their  own and over the years he came to know some of them well.  From 1955 to 1968 Ben and Amy owned a 14-acre orchard, mostly pears, on Guisachan Road. Irrigating and spraying were the two tasks  with which Ben was most involved. Farming had never been to his liking and it used to shorten his temper when things didn't go well. It didn't  sadden him to sell the property.  During this period, particularly after 1959, the area around the service station changed, with the Capri Centre being built and the course  of the highway being altered. These changes had an effect on traffic flow  and consequently, on gasoline sales.  In 1968, on their 25th wedding anniversary, Ben and Amy went  to Japan for a holiday. It was Ben's first time there and he came back  amazed at the density of population and the 'busy-ness' all around. He  thought he would like to visit again but then, there were many other  things to do and places to see.  In the early 1970s, not yet 60 years old, Ben decided to retire (too  121 Benny Ueda  young! some said) and leased the service station to Peter and Skip Ratel  for about a year and later to Brian Evans. This left Ben free to enjoy  his retirement which he did by puttering in his garden, going twice a  day to the Metropolitan Store for coffee breaks and indulging in some  travelling.  Several years later, there were plans to widen Sutherland Avenue  and make it somewhat straighter, so the property on which the service  station stood had to be sold. It took very little time to demolish the  building itself and by the end of October 1980, "Benny's Service" was  only a memory.  In the following years, due to ill health, Ben was inclined to do fewer  and fewer of his favourite activities. Three days after his 70th birthday  in January 1985, Ben died very quietly, as if having a little rest. He  is still missed by his family and friends. Those who knew him as 'Benny' have said, "I liked him. He was a nice guy."  Ben Ueda pumping gas in 1958. Alan Burbank is on the right. (Photo courtesy of Jenny Sato).  122 The American Finches of Penticton  by Wenonah Finch Sharpe  John Vincent Finch 1850 — 1935  Sidney Gordon Finch 1882 — 1984  Albian Jerome Finch 1886 — 1930  John Vincent Finch, Cable Hause, John Hoelzle, and John Lahore came  to the Okanagan Valley around 1909 from Dawson, Yukon Territory.  The three Americans and Lahore, who was from Scotland, had been  among those who stayed on in the Dawson area after the gold rush had  abated. J. Vincent Finch did some prospecting but spent most of his  11 years in the Yukon hauling logs and cordwood for McDonald and  Innis (later of Keremeos) to supply the mining operations. Cable Hauser  worked as a carpenter and brick layer for one of the large companies,  building flumes to carry the water used to wash the gravel away from  the gold. John Lahore apparently had some success in prospecting, as  "he brought his wife a necklace six feet long, made of gold nuggets the  size of peas".1  Edwin W. Mutch, born in Nova Scotia and formerly with the Northwest Mounted Police, was in the Yukon with his wife and family, as  paymaster for one of the companies operating there. He had been a friend  of the Americans in Dawson; when he and his family came to Penticton  in 1906, he wrote to the men, encouraging them to settle in the fruitlands  that were being taken up in the valley. Although Mr. Mutch worked  as a land agent in the Oliver area, it is not certain whether he worked  in this capacity for the Southern Okanagan Land Company.2  The Dawson acquaintances eventually decided to try their fortunes  growing fruit, intrigued with the promise that "once the trees start to  bear, there would be 90 boxes of fruit one year, and 900 the next". They  purchased lots near one another on either side of Randolph Coulee:  Lahore on the south, and Finch, Hauser, and Hoelzle on the north side.  In the early days a road crossed the coulee, but this link washed out  in the 1920s, leaving the KVR trestle (and later, the fill) as the only  crossing.  Since neither Finch nor Hauser wanted the lot at the mouth of the  coulee, they cut cards to see who would get the preferred one, further  up from the lake edge. Apparently they realized the cliff-edge land would  be susceptible to landslides. Vincent Finch won with the Jack of Hearts,  Wenonah Finch Sharpe is the daughter of Sidney Gordon Finch. Raised in Penticton, she now  resides with her husband in Seattle, Washington.  123 The Finches  Sidney G. Finch and Mabel Finch in 1945.  but this lot had its problems too. Kame and kettle formations had left  many steep-sided knolls, and as the four friends began building cabins  and planting trees, he found his 10 acres to be "nothing but hills''. There  was even a large glacial erratic on his land, a rarity on those silt terraces. He dug a deep hole and levered the boulder into it.  Although he was a logger by trade and had earned his living as  a faller in the woods of the northeastern and northwestern United States,  Vincent was a great hand with a shovel, fussy about what kind (a #2  Jones was usually specified) and careful to keep it well sharpened.  Sterling Hauser, Cable Hauser's nephew, who came to the  Okanagan in 1912, recalls Vincent's penchant for digging.  One thing that Vincent did astonished me. With a hand shovel he turned over all the  soil on that 10 acre orchard over a period of two to three years, mostly during the  cooler months. He must have had a thing about hand dug soil, or perhaps it was because  of the many steep hillsides on his place.3  Spading around all the individual trees in the orchard was an activity he kept up into his 80s. He dug all the graves at Lakeview Cemetery  when Sid first came to Penticton.  Vincent Finch had left Hoodsport, Washington, the town that he  and his wife, Ida Gordon Robbins had founded, to go to the Yukon,  in April, 1898. Thirteen years later, after leaving the Yukon and locating  124 The Finches  in the Okanagan, Vincent made a trip back to Hoodsport. His attempts  to persuade his wife and family to join him in British Columbia in a  new pioneering venture were not successful, although four of his five  sons eventually did come up, two stayed, while two returned to  Washington. Albian was the first to come, and presently he too went  back briefly to Hoodsport, seeking first a bride, Orpha Nance, and later  a brother, Sidney, to help with work on the new orchard.  Sid had been driving the mail and passenger stage from Hoodsport,  where the steamers from Seattle docked, to the resorts on Lake Cushman.  Following this, he had worked on the boat and barge ferry at Lake  Keechelus. At that time, the road east of Snoqualmie Pass could not  be traversed without use of a ferry. Traffic included covered wagons,  buggies, people on foot and on horseback, and even herds of horses.  Occasionally a car would attempt the rough and muddy track.  Because of the deep snows, this ferry operated only in the summer  and early fall, so when Albian arrived in Hoodsport early in 1913, Sid  was there. He didn't want to go to B.C He didn't feel he should leave  his mother and didn't want to quit the job he had just found repairing  the road to Lake Cushman. Albian persisted, saying, "just come for  two weeks".  Packing only a suitcase, Sid left on the steamer for Seattle with Albian and Orpha. They took the train to Spokane, travelling near Wenatchee, where hundreds of little fruit trees could just be seen poking up  through the snow. That night they stayed at the newly opened Daven-  Originally a postcard sent in November 1912 by Orpha Finch, this is a view of the Finch orchard  on what is now Lahore Road. The Randolph Coulee is at left. X marks the location of the house.  1 is the cistern, while 2 and 3 are strawberry beds. 4 designates the railway right-of-way. 5 is a  potato patch, and 6 is Mr. Hauser's place.  125 The Finches  port Hotel. Dick Weeks, who kept a livery stable in Penticton, had driven  to Spokane to meet them, and the next morning they left by motor stage,  arriving that evening, February 22nd, 1913. As it turned out, Sid was  to be in the valley for the next 65 years.  Albian was freed for his successful career in the management end  of the fruit business, first as a manager of Sun-Rype Fruit Ltd., then  the Co-operative Growers of Penticton, the Penticton Fruit Union, and  Federated Orchards. When later he became manager of the Highland  Lass Mine at Beaverdell, he was killed by a runaway ore car while inspecting a mine shaft in May, 1930.4 His widow, and son, Gordon Finch  and family, still reside in Kelowna, B.C.  Jobs may have been scarce in Hoodsport, but once at the ranch,  Sid found no lack of work., In addition to working with Vincent on their  own place, he pruned and sprayed various young orchards from  Naramata to Skaha Lake, as many of the owners of these new plantations had not yet arrived on site. At first he used a back-pack cannister  and a hand pump to spray, then later, a horse-drawn sledge with a barrel on it. Eventually, he had the first power sprayer in the valley, a two-  wheeled Pontiac, from Michigan.  Here too was an opportunity to make friends in a young and optimistic community and to renew acquaintance with his New York  Yankee father. Weekly cribbage tournaments were convened in the  various pioneer cabins, with Sid, Vincent, Eric Bullah, Chris Wise,  Charlie Brown, E.J. Finch, and Roy Lucich, among others. These get-  togethers continued well into the 1930s.  Sid's experience with animals, gained both on the homestead farm  in Hoodsport and in driving the stage, came in handy in the early days  when it was still possible and necessary to keep horses and cows on the  fruit ranches. His genuine fondness and respect for all animals probably  also led to his role as a farrier. He helped doctor his own and neighbors'  animals until the advent of certain chemical sprays and the coming of  trucks and tractors to the orchards put an end to the old ways.  He was a very gentle and unassuming man; the only tales he ever  told with himself as "hero" were stories of rescuing animals in trouble.  Once when he was courting his first wife, Violet Hunter, an Englishwoman who worked for the Kelleys, he was able to show off his skills  a little. He and Violet were out walking when they came upon a worker  who was dumping gravel on the road at the foot of Campbell Mountain. The man had got his team and wagon into a position where he  could neither go ahead or back up. Sid was able to get the horses eased  around and the wagon back on track. Violet and Sid were married in  1916, but their happiness was short-lived, as Violet died two years later.  In the sod-roofed cellar and tool shed that was built into the side  of one of the knolls, Vincent and Sidney kept a set of pipe dies. These  126 The Finches  were very much in demand in an area that needed piped irrigation water.  A neighbor would appear with several lengths of pipe on his shoulder.  Sid would be summoned from the orchard, and the pipes would be  threaded, with perhaps a cup of Finches' famous hard cider offered in  hospitality. A big red cider mill and press lined one wall; along another  lay a row of portly oak barrels, filled with cider or vinegar in various  stages of ageing.  In earlier years the cider was stored in a root cellar closer to that  area of the ranch where the road and railway crossed to form one corner of the property. Legend has it that Vincent's liberality with his hard  cider convinced the surveyors to allow the right-of-way line to fall outside a couple of his pear trees in that corner, sparing them from having  to be cut down.  Another story about that root cellar concerned the arrival at the  ranch one day of a party including the local police constable and  Magistrate Guernsey. No raid was planned; they simply wished to sample  what they had heard was a fine domestic product. (Perhaps they were  also checking on the scope of the operation.) Vincent and Sid happened  to have added raw beefsteak to this particular batch "to improve the  kick". A sample was brought forth for the guests, and the root cellar  door swung shut. Instantly, with an impressive Thump! the newly tapped barrel blew up. From then on, the cider was left to harden in its  accustomed manner.  Apparently seedlings sprang up in the area where the apple pomace  was dumped. An American nursery stock salesman by the name of "Nigger" Jones used to come to the Finch ranch to take up the seedlings  for transport back to the nursery at Toppenish, Washington, perhaps  to see if any new strains might be developed from these volunteers. Jones  was a convivial sort of a man, who often had a drink or two as he made  his way up and down the valley, taking orders. Once Sid was summoned to rescue his horse and buggy from a roadside ditch, where Jones  had ended up after falling asleep at the reins.  It came out in one of the recountings of these tales that Jones was  red headed. When questioned about a black man with red hair, Sid said,  "Oh, Jones was a white man. They called him that because he talked  like a Negro, like all Southerners do."  The tee-totalers among Jones's clients complained to his company  about his drinking. The reply was said to have been "If you can find  a man who can sell more trees than this man does, even while he is drinking, we will hire him." It seems Jones was a good salesman, and his  company stood behind him. He talked Vincent into planting a border  of Bartlett pears around his orchard, and in the 1930s, when nothing  else was selling, these pears provided enough money to keep Vincent  from going under. Jones must have had a special on peonies at one time  127 The Finches  also, for the Finch ranch also produced a bumper crop of bold fat peonies  each year, from the two dozen bushes that Vincent planted in the  dooryard.  In 1919, Sidney married Mabel O'Callaghan Crawford, a widow  with two children, Hazel and Tom. He and Mabel had three children,  Gordon, Charles, and Wenonah.  Vincent died in the mid-thirties. Tom Crawford and Gordon Finch  both fell in action in Europe in World War II. Charles, an RCAF bomber  pilot, was spared to return to the area, and he became a fruit rancher  in the Similkameen Valley. He married Hildred Thompson of Edmonton. Nonie earned her R.N. degree at St. Paul's in Vancouver, eventually marrying Grant Sharpe, an American college student, who is now  a professor of forestry at the University of Washington in Seattle.  In the late 1940s, Sid and Mabel sold the ranch (presently owned  by Marv Spooner) and moved to a house on the cliff just east of town.  There, by night, Penticton lay like a jeweled grid at their feet, and by  day, they could watch sun and storm on the mountains and lake.  Mabel Finch, daughter of pioneer Irish in Emily township, Victoria County, Ontario, died in 1974. Sidney, whose lineage on both sides  goes back to the first half of the 17th century in New England, spent  several years in Cawston with Charles and his family. In 1977 he moved back to Washington state to finish out his years with his daughter  in Seattle. He remained alert and active until near the end, and was  particularly pleased to be able to take part in Penticton's 75th anniversary of its founding, in June 1983, on his own 101st birthday.  REFERENCES:  1 J. Sterling Hauser, personal communication, 1984.  2 Rita Mutch Desaulniers, personal communication, 1984.  3 Hauser, 1984.  4 Penticton Herald, May, 1930.  128 Ernest Archibald Skyrme:  Sept. 9, 1914 — April 5, 1989  by Judy Reimche  In September of 1914, the L. and A. Ranch north of Vernon was  flourishing. It was one of the largest in the Valley at the time. But for  foreman Ernest Skyrme, another event took precedence — the birth of  his son, Ernie, on Sept. 9 of that year.  When young Ernie was four years old, the Skyrmes moved north,  to Grindrod, to establish a farm of their own. Right from the beginning, Ernie, like his father, was an innovator. And, again like his father,  farming was his life.  By the time he was 13, Ernie was ready to farm full-time, and he  left school to take up what was to be his life's work. With him he brought  what had been his most exceptional skill during his school years — his  skill with numbers. It was to serve him well, as he used the math he'd  learned in effectively planning and carrying out his farm business.  On Ernie's 13th birthday, his father bought him one of the first  milking machines seen in the North Okanagan. This was a first step  which led to many other innovations on the farm throughout the coming years.  In the 30's, Ernie took great pleasure in showing his Ayrshire cattle in the Armstrong Fair. His herd came from Capt. Dun-Waters' herd  at Fintry. He continued to show cattle for several years and won a great  many valued prizes, as his dairy farm, called Yew Tree Farm, boasted  some of the best Ayrshire cattle in the area. They were good enough  to earn Ernie the Randolph Bruce Medal for the best young Ayrshire  Herd bred in B.C., a medal presented to the Armstrong Fair (and to  Ernie) by the Lieutenant Governor in 1931.  In 1942 he married Eleanor Mack, the daughter of one of the pioneer  families of the Enderby area. They lived at the home farm, adding more  land until they had well over 300 acres. He kept a herd of about 25 Ayr-  shires (plus young stock) right through until the late 1940's, when he  made a change to Jersey cows. He was later to change again, this time  to Holsteins.  Ernie kept abreast of all the changes in the industry. Like most  farmers did at the time, his cows were kept at stanchion for milking purposes. In 1951, he made another major change, this time putting in a  'milking parlour' type barn, the first of its kind in the Okanagan. Later,  when they appeared on the market, a bulk tank was added.  Judy Reimche is a freelance writer living in the Enderby District. She is the Secretary for the  Armstrong-Enderby Branch of the O.H.S.  129 Ernie Skyrme  Those changes earned him another honor. In 1954 his Yew Tree  Farm was named the B.C. Power Commission Farm of the Year.  At around that time, he served as a Director of Noca Dairy, which  later added more area and changed its name to SODICA. He took an  active interest in the community, serving on the Board of the Grindrod  Credit Union, as well as being a member of the Farmers' Institute and  sponsoring families from overseas.  During the 50s he helped build cabins at Camp MacKenzie at Mabel  Lake, and later he helped on the gymnastics room at Grindrod School.  His family was of special importance to him, and he enjoyed the  years of watching his son, Norman, and daughters, Gail and Lorna grow  up. An easy-going man, he handled each family situation with humour,  patience and understanding. After his children married, he shared the  joys of his five grandchildren — Clint, Neil, Julie, Kris and Vance.  Ernie and Eleanor Skyrme  Along with his care of animals, he had many other abilities —  carpentry, plumbing and electrical work. Carpentry was particularly  satisfying, and he built many pieces of furniture, bowls, toy boxes, etc.  that are still in the homes of Eleanor and his children.  When he retired from farming, those hobbies kept him busy, as  did his job of building homes, which he did for five years after selling  the farm to the Verhoevens. One of the homes he helped to build was  for his son. And in the fall of 1988, her helped build a barn for daughter  Lorna and her husband, Bill.  He and Eleanor sold most of the land they had farmed, keeping  48 acres for themselves, on which a house was built overlooking the  Shuswap River. There he was able to continue gardening, about which  he was ardent. Ernie took time to go fishing with friends, and to travel  with Eleanor in Canada, the United States and Hawaii.  Ernie died in Vancouver April 5, 1989, on his way home from one  of those trips with Eleanor.  130 Romance by Mail  by Margaret Madsen  Fifty years ago as the Dirty Thirties on the Prairies came to an end,  times were still tough, money was scarce, jobs hard to find.  It cost three cents to mail a letter. Writing to penpals was a way  to meet people, make friends.  This is a story of how two ads in a weekly farm newspaper changed  two lives, how a man found work in another province, and a bride by  mail.  In April, 1989, it will be 50 years since Henry Redecopp came to  Winfield to work for Alex Beasley. He and Myrtle will celebrate their  50th wedding anniversary December 4, 1989.  Back in the '30s, life was lean and hard in southern Saskatchewan.  There was no work for Henry Redecopp, one of six sons of a farmer  at Hodgeville, between Swift Current and Gravelbourg. In his late teens,  he was anxious to support himself. He bummed back and forth across  Canada riding the rails looking for work. He'd tried farming, renting  two quarters, and says he woke one morning to find his crop gone, blown  away, his fields bare.  In late winter of 1939 when he was 24, he put two ads in a weekly  farm newspaper, The Western Producer. One was in the "Easy ways  of making friends column" asking for pen pals. He signed himself "Silver  Springs".  The other was in the "work wanted" column, saying he'd work  anywhere doing any kind of work.  One of the replies to "Silver Springs" was from a 20-year-old  woman, Myrtle Becker of Middle Lake. She had been born at Brock-  ington, north of Melfort, Sask., youngest child of eight in a Norwegian  family named Hanson.  Her father died when she was a baby and her mother, when she  was seven years old. She'd been shifted from pillar to post, finally being adopted by a German family named Becker at Middle Lake. She  had attended seven different schools between ages seven and fifteen.  After age 15, she worked where she could as a hired girl earning  about $10 a month. Henry was one of three pen pals she corresponded  with. She still has his letters.  She received one letter from Henry while he was still in Saskatchewan and then his weekly letters bore a Winfield post mark.  Margaret Madsen is a reporter with the Winfield Calendar. This article is reproduced here with  the kind permission of the Winfield Calendar.  131 Romance by Mail  Alex Beasley of Winfield replied to Henry's ad for work, offering  him a job at $12 a month and sending him a train ticket. Later Alex  was to tell him how worried he was before Henry arrived, wondering  what sort of bum he'd hired. And Henry says be confessed to Alex that  he'd been worrying too about what sort of employer was hiring him and  how he would be treated.  Henry says he arrived in Winfield with 15 cents in his pocket. He  spent a dime on a cup of coffee and a doughnut, and was down to his  last nickel.  He was too shy to ask for an advance on his wages or to tell Alex  Beasley he didn't have enough money for cigarettes, so he walked to  Petrie's Store (Lakeshore Inn) and asked if he could get a package of  tobacco and papers (worth 10 cents) on credit.  As soon as he told Mrs. Petrie who his employer was, she gave him  the cigarettes. "If you don't pay me, I know Alex is good for it," she  told him.  He lived in a tiny shack at the back of the Beasley property and  wrote glowing letters to Myrtle. Although they knew each other only  from the photographs and letters they exchanged, she accepted his proposal of marriage by mail.  He made all the arrangements for the wedding before Myrtle arrived by bus Nov. 30, 1939. They were married four days later, by Rev.  Wright in the Anglican Church in Winfield, with Archie Weighton as  best man and Connie Beasley as bridesmaid.  Myrtle says it took several days to reach Winfield in a three-seater  car they called a bus travelling on a road through Yak, near Fernie.  She had $2 in her purse when she arrived.  Her wedding dress was a purple-red color and she carried a bouquet of fresh flowers from Mrs. Beasley's garden.  Henry bought a new suit for $10 from Eaton's Catalogue and he  also bought Myrtle's engagement ring and wedding band from the  catalogue for $10.  It was an unseasonably warm December and on their wedding day,  the sun was shining, the flowers still blooming, and after the ceremony  they had a tea outside. It was so warm the men were in their shirt sleeves.  Myrtle says she wasn't prepared for the warm weather. She'd come  from the Prairies, dressed for Prairie winter in a fur collared coat and  snow boots.  Their wedding gifts included two luncheon cloth sets with six  napkins, an aluminum double boiler, a cream and sugar set on a little  tray, a coffee pot, and $10 from each set of parents.  After they were married, they rented a three room furnished cabin  at Petrie's corner for $10 a month including water, lights and firewood.  Because Henry's wages were only $12 a month, they lived on  132 Romance by Mail  potatoes, macaroni and onions and some help from neighbors. Mrs.  Beasley gave them milk and cracked eggs and Mrs. Petrie at the store  gave them stale bread "still good for toasting".  Myrtle says she did bake her own bread in a cranky old oven with  heat so uneven, she'd have to take the loaves out of the pan when they  were half baked, turn them upside down in the pan and finish baking.  When Mrs. Beasley died, she left a bequest for Henry, a note in  the jar of change she collected from selling cream and eggs.  "There was $300 in that jar in nickels and dimes," Henry said.  "It was a big sum of money in those days. She was a very kind and  generous woman."  "And she thought the world of Henry," Myrtle adds.  When spring came, they moved to a two room cabin on Fred Duggan's  to work in the grapes. Henry also hauled cream by truck for Duggan.  Myrtle tied grapes and later worked in the Chinese market gardener's  onion fields.  They moved up to Mill Creek in 1943 when their first son, Donald,  was a year old. Henry had a firewood cutting business up there.  Birth of their second son, Toby, caused quite a stir. The night his  imminent arrival became apparent, Henry's Model A was in pieces in  the yard waiting to be overhauled. It was the only means of transportation to the hospital, so Henry woke the two brothers who worked for  him. They brought the tires into the kitchen to repair and then used  a lantern for light to reassemble the car.  Myrtle did get to the hospital by 8 a.m. and Toby was born shortly after.  "It's lucky we made it to the hospital. I'd just turned around the  block to go home when the whole rear end went out the car,'' Henry says.  There wasn't anyone to look after Donald so Henry had to take  the toddler into the bush with him.  "I had to tie him to a tree to keep him out of harm's way so trees  wouldn't fall on him or teams run over him," he says.  In 1949, Henry started with the Department of Highways at 87  cents an hour driving truck. He worked for the department for 27 years.  He was honored at a "roast" two years ago when he retired from  35 years community service with Winfield Memorial Hall. He has a  long record of service with the Independent Order of Foresters Winfield Court, Winfield Lions Club and Winfield Volunteer Fire  Department.  And it all began 50 years ago when a Winfield farmer offered Henry  a job, sight unseen, and Henry chose his bride, sight unseen.  133 My Favourite Teachers at Ellison Public  School  by Wilma (Clement) Hayes  Over the years the Ellison Schools have been staffed by remarkably  capable teachers. At this time of recollection it's my pleasure to comment on two of those who will always be very special to me. These two  very dedicated teachers were Eldred Evans and Verna (Ford) Skelton.  A native of Oyama, Eldred came to Ellison to teach at the age of  twenty-one. He soon became a vital part of the community, throwing  his efforts into anything that promised to be for the betterment of the  area. His interest in young people was his main drive, and he encouraged  them in many endeavours beyond the classroom. He became a friend  to everyone, young and old alike.  Eldred worked closely with the Public Health Officer, Dr. Ootmar,  and his nurse, Mrs. Grindon, co-operating with their suggestions for  improving conditions within the community. One such project that I  recall was in the days before the general use of iodized salt. Each noon  hour every student lined up, under Eldred's supervision, for a glass of  water containing several drops of tincture of iodine. This mixture was  known to be helpful in the prevention of goitre.  An enthusiastic supporter of physical exercise, Eldred stressed  "drill" as it was known in those days. When the weather was fine, the  pupils enjoyed outdoor exercise, but when the chilly days were on us,  we did our "drill" beside our desks or in the school basement. I  remember well the days when we could be outside, he would often take  time to point out the seasonal changes in the world around us. To this  day, I never see the glorious scarlet of the Sumac on the hills, without  remembering Eldred's delight in drawing our attention to it.  One spring he decided that we should have a contest to see who  could build the best bird house. His enthusiasm for the effort was contagious. By the time the entries were all in, we had homes for the birds  set up in every bush and tree in the school grounds!  In spite of the fact this young man worked long hours each and  every day, he made time for such events as the Christmas concert, a  Halloween party, the Kelowna and District Track Meet, and the wind-  up community picnic, held each June at the Lakeshore Inn picnic grounds  near Wood Lake in Winfield.  In 1934, when Eldred took Miss Feme Shute for his bride, we shared  his happiness. She was a warm and lovely lady, a perfect match for the  Wilma (Clement) Hayes has resided in the Kelowna area all of her life. Now retired, she has  been a member of the OHS for many years.  134 Two Teachers at Ellison  teacher we all respected and loved. During this time, Mr. and Mrs. Evans  lived in the house belonging to Alva Geen. In his early days in Ellison,  Eldred had boarded with the Conroy family.  Eldred's yearly salary when he was hired in 1928 was $1,300, and  increased to $1,400 in 1930. However, it was cut to $1,300 during the  height of the depression, and during his service in Ellison, never  exceeded $1,350.  Eldred K. Evans in 1959.  In 1936 Eldred accepted a position in the Kelowna Junior High  School, regretfully leaving Ellison Public School, where he had spent  eight years. His interest and concern for his former students remained  constant through the years ahead and he kept in contact with many of  us until the time of his death on October 21st, 1986 at the age of  seventy-nine.  After several years at the Kelowna Junior High School, Feme and  Eldred moved to Nelson, where he taught at the Nelson Junior and Senior  High Schools. He was later Vice-principal of Nelson's Central Elementary, and Principal of the South Nelson Elementary Schools, retiring  in 1970 after forty-four years of teaching. In 1978, Eldred and Feme  moved to rural living east of Enderby, where Feme still resides. Their  three children and their families, Norma in Vancouver, Doreen and Les  both in Alberta complete the close family circle.  In 1912 Verna May Ford with her parents, Sarah Ann and Henry,  moved from Sarnia, Ontario to Rutland. With her two older sisters,  Blanche and Mildred, she enrolled in one of the two one-room school  135 Two Teachers at Ellison  buildings located near the present 4 Way Food Market. She recalls the  principal, a Mr. Warden, lived in a tent with his family in the bush.  For several months the Ford family lived with a cousin of Mrs.  Ford's, Dave Hartley, while purchasing farmland on Leathead Road.  After a barn had been constructed, they moved into it until their two-  storey house was completed.  The family soon settled into the life of the community and over  the years that followed became much loved and well-respected members  of the Rutland District.  Unfortunately, although the Ford home was well preserved, it is  no longer standing. In 1981, the Ministry of Highways found it necessary  to demolish the structure in order to widen the corner at the intersection of Ford and Leathead roads. Verna recalls the community honoured  her family with a tea at that time, commemorating the many years that  the Ford family had resided on Leathead Road.  After attending Rutland Public School and High School, Verna  decided on a teaching career, spending the following year at Victoria  Normal School. Her first teaching position was at the age of eighteen  at the Hillcrest School near Armstrong. She loved her work and  thoroughly enjoyed her pupils. She proudly remembers that one of her  students in Armstrong topped the Grade 8 (High School entrance)  government exams at Enderby. A year later she moved to the Kootenays,  teaching a class in Kitchener School. It was the following year she decided  that she would work for her First Class Certificate, which she acquired  under the tutorage of Mrs. CM. Marshall in Kelowna, who instructed  in her home. During this time, Verna served as a substitute teacher while  she studied for her certificate. Mrs. Marshall had several other students  including Audrey Knox and Reba Willits (later Dr. Willits).  In 1930 Verna accepted a position at the Ellison Public School as  a primary teacher at a salary of $1,020 annually. She was to remain  there until 1938.  Those of us who had her as a teacher were indeed fortunate. She  was a warm, dedicated, and affectionate friend to her class. Able to  recognize our strong and weak points, she developed each of us to our  fullest potential.  Her enthusiasm for teaching went beyond the curriculum, as she  encouraged us in the arts, music, literature, and poetry. She was always  interested to view or hear our most recent endeavours, with a warm  smile and an affectionate pat on the shoulder.  Verna's love of music was very evident in the well planned  Christmas concerts that she and Eldred Evans presented to the proud  parents in the district. Many hours of thought and patient rehearsal were  spent in order that the progams were just right for these occasions.  During her eight years at Ellison, Verna lived with her family in  136 Two Teachers at Ellison  Rutland with the exception of one severe winter, when she boarded with  Alice and George Muirhead of Ellison.  When Eldred Evans left the school in 1936 to teach at Kelowna  Junior High, Verna became the principal at Ellison. One student, Gwen  (Macdonnell) Hardie, is proud to say that during Verna's eight year  term there, she was the only pupil who had her as a teacher from Grade  one through Grade 8. Hilda Lucas was hired at this time, taking over  the primary grades with Verna teaching Grades 5 to 8.  The year 1938 was Verna's last at Ellison, as she married Holley  Skelton, who farmed in Armstrong. In 1940 and 1941 respectively, a  daughter, May, and a son, John, were born to them. They all spent  happy and productive years together in their large farm home.  Busy though she was, Verna still found time to be the leader of  Armstrong 4H poultry club.  Twenty years after leaving her teaching in Ellison, and with her  daughter May off to university, Verna returned to education. To her  dismay she discovered with the advanced curriculum and large classes,  some of the slower students were being overlooked and had been pushed ahead beyond their capabilities. She vowed to correct this problem,  encouraging these students by giving them additional help at noon hour  and after school. The improvement was soon evident and her efforts  recognized and appreciated.  This was just about the time that the space program was begun,  the Russians had launched the Sputnik, and the Provincial Government,  anxious that British Columbia students should have every opportunity  to advance, implemented special classes for those who had fallen behind  in school. Verna was given such a class, with up to eighteen young people. For the next five years she enjoyed the challenge of this very demanding but rewarding task. Retirement came at sixty-five, but it was only  a word for Verna. She was soon back in Junior High School, volunteering  with students who needed her special attention and interest. When no  longer in the school, she welcomed them to her home for the same help.  At all times her love for children was first and foremost in her way of life.  With the passing of her husband Holley, in 1976, Verna moved  to Kelowna to be near her family.  Anxious to remain self-sufficient, she lived in Nassau House for  some time, later moving to the Joseph Benjamin Residence, and more  recently, to the Lloyd-Jones Home.  Several years ago, the Daily Courier singled out Verna as "Senior  of the Week", in recognition, not only of her long service as an educator,  but also for her ongoing interest and concern for the well-being of all  young people.  Verna (Ford) Skelton passed away in Kelowna General Hospital  on February 23rd, 1989.  137 Nathaniel Vernon Simpson  by Ray Findlay  The Simpson Family were very early pioneers in the Okanagan. William  Patterson "W.P." and Evalora Simpson arrived in Kaleden in May  1910, where W.P. became road foreman and was responsible for building  many of the Kaleden roads.  Vern Simpson was born in Gagetown, N.B., October 14, 1898.  He received his education in Kaleden and Penticton, and spent three  years at the University of B.C. In January 1936 he married Dorothy  Ruth Tomlin at Summerland and their marriage spanned 53 years.  An active outdoorsman, Mr. Simpson was also a skilled canoeist,  and a member of the Kaleden Badminton Club. He was a Rotarian,  a director of the Co-op Store, and President of the Southern Cooperative  Packinghouse. Other of his interests included photography, geology,  economics and history. His concern over the preservation of our history  was shown to us in his photos and writing (material used in H. Corbitt's "History of Kaleden"), and a comprehensive record of early days  in the Okanagan. He had a great knowledge of "Old Fairview", the  townsite maps, claim maps, and building sites. He kept a great deal  of information regarding the Simpson and Purvis (his mother's) families,  and to him we are indeed indebted for the wealth of information he has  left to all.  When Vernon Simpson first came to Oliver 1920 he worked in the  Pipe Plant where pipes for the Southern Okanagan Lands Project were  made. Then he went on to work on the construction of the "Big Ditch".  When it was completed, he went on to the job of "ditch rider" in charge  of the big pumps for the next nine years.  Mr. Simpson was a long time member of the Okanagan Historical  Society and had in the past, served as President and Director of the  Oliver-Osoyoos Branch of the O.H.S. Mrs. Simpson was also involved  with the O.H.S.  He was predeceased by two brothers Perley and Hartley, both of  whom served with distinction in World War I and both awarded the  Military Medal. Perley Simpson was Oliver's first Postmaster and one  of the first orchardists in Oliver in 1921. Hartley was a long time fruit  grower in Kaleden. Mr. Vernon Simpson passed away at Oliver on  March 7, 1989, and is survived by his wife Dorothy, one son Vernon  Ray Findlay is the second son of Jud and Iva (Simpson) Findlay, early pioneers of Kaleden.  Educated in Kaleden and Penticton, he is a Second World War veteran, and since his retirement  from Zenith Trucking, he has found time to renew an interest in history and writing.  138 Vern Simpson  and wife and son, two sisters, Iva Findlay now residing in Penticton  and Velma Stowell who resides in Kelowna.  Nathaniel Vernon Simpson (Photo: R. Findlay)  139 Mr. & Mrs. Cameron Day and  Day's Funeral Service  by Mary Sutherland  James Cameron Day was born on May 6th, 1890 in Owen Sound, Ontario; Olive MacDonald was born April 17th, 1892, also in Owen Sound,  Ontario. They were married in Regina, Saskatchewan on January 31st,  1918.  My father and mother were not new to the caring for the dead.  They started in the undertaking field in Consort, Alberta, twenty-four  years before moving to Kelowna. There, in addition to an undertaking  business, they operated a hardware store and a small farm. Friends in  Kelowna "sold the Orchard City" to them and they never regretted  the move.  In August 1935, Cameron and Olive Day and their two children,  Mary and Donald, arrived in Kelowna. We all drove here from Alberta in the hearse, along with a cousin, Chas Day, and a shedding collie  dog. We stayed at the Willow Inn with Mrs. DeMara until the furniture  arrived, and then we moved into a house on Pandosy Street.  Cameron then started preparing a funeral home. It was situated  on Pandosy Street next to Tutt's Tailor Shop (which was fortunate, in  that Mr. Tutt Sr. was a good answering service, as there was no phone  in the funeral home). On the other side was Doug Kerr's Garage. He,  too, was a very considerate neighbour, and asked Cameron to tell him  when there was a funeral so he could do quiet work like painting cars  and no pounding.  In 1937, Cameron purchased the house and property known as Cad-  der House (now called Oak Lodge) with the intention of turning it into  a funeral home. He contacted each alderman and the Mayor and each  said it was an ideal place for a funeral home. They would vote "yes"  to have the property zoned commercial, therefore he bought the property, only to find one alderman's word wasn't worth anything. The  family moved in and it turned out to be a great family home, and Olive's  mother and sister came to live with us.  Mrs. Day was President of the Women's Auxiliary to the Hospital.  As the hospital was small with not much property around it, the annual  hospital garden party was held in the Day's yard. The summer teas for  the First United Church were also held at the Day's residence.  Both Olive and Cameron were very involved with the church, and  both sang in the choir. Cameron was a charter member of the A.O.T.S.  He was also a member of the Oddfellows and Rebekah Lodge, the Curl-  Mary Sutherland is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Cameron Day. She resides in Kelowna.  140 Mr. & Mrs. Day  ing Club and the Rotary Club.  Cameron was a very warm hearted man and behind the smile was  a depth of understanding for the heart sickness of the mourners. He  always quoted to his family "look for the good in people". As children  we used to tell him he didn't worry if we starved, because if a lady came  to him when her husband passed away, he would explain to her that  she didn't have to buy the most expensive casket. We would tell him  that as a salesman he should dig ditches. He would just shrug his  shoulders and tell us he had no trouble sleeping at night, and no guilty  conscience. It was fortunate he loved Kelowna so much because he was  never able to take holidays, or was even away from the phone long enough  to go fishing.  Day's Funeral Service building at 1665 Ellis St., Kelowna, in the early 1950's.  I remember he was called one night to Wilson's Landing. I got up  to go with him so I could stand on the road with a flashlight. On many  corners he would have to back up and go ahead in order to get that long  hearse around the corner. I was scared stiff but Dad was always "cool,  calm and collected".  One day, he bought a Packard hearse in Vernon that matched the  nine passenger (now people call them a limousine) car. I drove up with  him and he drove the hearse home. I had the car behind him, when  I saw him slow down and flames shooting out of the little window on  the side of the hood. I jumped out of the car, but Dad sat in the car  lighting his pipe before he got out to lift the side of the hood. He burnt  141 Mr. & Mrs. Day  his hands doing it. Immediately, I threw gravel from the road side on  the engine, scooping the dirt up with my hands. Thoughtfully, Mr. Harry  Johnson from his service station saw us, and ran over with shovels to  help. After the fire was out, Dad and Mr. Johnson got a rope so I could  tow the hearse home. In the meantime, I guess, my nerves got to me  and I sat on the running board and cried. When Dad saw me he came  up and sat by me and said, "Darn, we should have let it burn, it's insured and not paid for." With that I laughed and we were fine and headed  home.  In April 1946 Cameron took out a city permit to erect the Day's  Funeral Service building at 1665 Ellis Street. At that time it was the  most up to date mortuary in the Interior of B.C No expense was spared  to give the district an appropriate undertaking parlor where due care,  honour and respect could be tendered to the deceased. The building took  up nearly a 50' x 120' lot and was constructed of steel and cement.  In 1948, Fred Clarke, a retired mortician from Trail, moved to  Kelowna, and he worked for Day's Funeral Service for years. In 1949  Donald came home from Calgary and High River where he had worked with morticians there.  On March 13th, 1954, Cameron passed away very suddenly from  a massive heart attack. Olive, Donald and Fred carried on the business  until Mother retired at age 80 years, and Donald carried on until the  business was sold in 1976.  Olive passed away on July 18, 1986.  Bernard Ave., Kelowna in 1939. Photo courtesy of Doug Cox.  142 A Tribute to Arthur McCuddy:  by Carlton McNaughton  At his funeral service, Dec. 2/88  It is my privilege to say a few words about an old and cherished friend.  We are gathered here to celebrate with respect and love the life of a saintly  man, Arthur McCuddy. I have known Arthur for 66 years and first met  him when I was a lad of 12. I was walking barefooted on the McKinney  road and Arthur was down with a load of hay on his truck and gave  me a ride back to town. We met many times and we visited around about  the country and around about his father's ranch. But I really came to  know Arthur well when I became a Scout Master and he let us camp  on his upper place we now know as Tamarack on Baldy Creek, (and  where the first Sunday School picnic in Oliver was held in 1923 from  this church). This was in 1935. We camped there several different years  and Arthur always made us welcome. I fell in love with the area and  tried for years to buy the place, but Arthur said "No", as he wished  to log parts of it. For the next 35 years the Scouts and Cubs, off and  on, camped there but Arthur never let the loggers cut the beautiful camping area, and finally in 1958 knowing our intention never to log it and  to allow youth groups and others to hike and picnic there, he sold us  the 80 acres for very little. We have kept our promise and I feel that  this beautiful area is a fitting tribute to his memory.  Why did I say he was a saintly man? In all the years I have known  him I have never seen him lose his temper. I have never heard him swear.  I have never heard him speak unkind things about anyone. After the  family had moved off the McCuddy Ranch to Oliver and his father had  died in 1937, Arthur devoted the next 4 years of his life to his mother  who passed away in 1941. No one could have had better care or more  love.  Arthur then continued to live alone in their town house for the next  37 years. Arthur never married and devoted most of his energy and time  growing his small orchard and helping others. He loved to share, and  every Christmas Arthur would bring us a bag of hazel-nuts which he  had grown and harvested himself. Because he was not the best cook in  the world and did not look after himself, being alone, he was frequently  ill with colds. He became quite thin and sick in the late 60's and I'm  sure that without the care and love of the Phillips would have died. In  1978 he went into extended care, he enjoyed it there and became quite  Carlton McNaughton has long been active in the OHS and the Boy Scouts. He is retired and  lives in Oliver.  143 Arthur McCuddy  well except his poor feet which kept him in a wheelchair most of the  time. Mrs. Christie (my wife's mother) was also in extended care, and  we visited her so often that, while Buddie visited her mother and helped  her with her breakfast, I would visit Arthur for an hour or so.  During the next 5 years I got to know Arthur pretty well, listening  to his stories of Old Fairview and the ranch. He was a living history  book and I absorbed a lot of it. He continued his love and care to everyone  in extended care. For several of his last years he kept all the records  and birthdays and was secretary for all the patients. His room-mate for  8 years was Alvin Christopherson. Alvin was not as robust as Arthur  and he depended a great deal on Arthur. It was heart-warming to see  Arthur responding to all his needs and as Alvin grew weaker, Arthur  took care of him, putting him to bed, dressing and undressing him and  wheeling him to meals. When Alvin passed on I'm sure Arthur missed  him sorely.  When I visited him three weeks ago we had a grand visit. Buddie  and I had been in England for a trip and he wanted to know all about  it. I will surely miss him and we will miss the poinsettia that came from  the flower shop every Christmas and the Easter Lily that came every  Easter. I'll have no one to go to for all the old history of the area.  Arthur was something that few men ever attain to. He was a perfect  gentleman, and every time we sing these words in church I will think  of Arthur McCuddy.  Oliver Co-op Packinghouse, circa 1930. Cantaloupes and tomatoes were some of the early crops  grown in Oliver. As orchards matured, apples were delivered to the Oliver Co-op Packinghouse  in individual boxes. (Photo courtesy of Doug Cox).  144 A Tribute to Betty O'Keefe — 1924-1988  by Casey O'Keefe  Mom was born Oct. 31, 1924 and was baptized Mary Elizabeth. She  was the second child of Percy Neave and Mary Catherine Carney. Her  maternal grandparents, John Joseph Carney and Bridgit Casey both  worked at the O'Keefe Ranch, they married and later homesteaded in  the Ellison area of Kelowna in the 1890's.  Mom grew up in the Hollywood area of Kelowna where her parents  owned orchards. Her early schooling was at St. Ann's Academy for Girls  in Kamloops, and she later attended Rutland High School, where she  earned many honours for her track and field achievements. Mom took  her Senior Matric in Kelowna and then went on to Normal School in  Victoria, which led Mom to her 1st teaching job in a one-room school  at 6-Mile Creek on the Okanagan Indian Reserve #1. In addition to  teaching her students reading, writing and arithmetic, she taught them  how to play baseball, and they in turn, taught her to ride a horse  bareback. Mom spoke often with fond memories of her early teaching  days at 6-Mile, and many of her students still called her Miss Neave,  even 40 years later.  Now as the story goes, just 6 miles up the road, lived a rancher  named Tierney O'Keefe who heard that there was a new school marm,  and thought he should investigate. A year later, they were married in  this church. Mom's new life at the ranch involved assuming all the  responsibilities of a rancher's wife including cooking meals for 25 men.  The hours were long and hard. In the next couple of years Eileen and  D'Arcy were born. Once they commenced school, Dad and Mom agreed,  Mom should attend nursing school in Calgary. Following this training,  Kathleen was born and Kevin followed three years later.  In light of media publicity of Canada's upcoming 100th birthday,  one night in 1964, my Mom awakened my father with an inspiration,  saying, "Your father established this Ranch 100 years ago. Why don't  we have our own personal centennial project, along with Canada's? We  could restore the buildings to their original state." Dad replied, "Don't  be crazy and go back to sleep." But after further discussion the following morning, the dream was set in motion. Through the efforts of Mom  and Dad, the entire family was encouraged in the restoration project.  The dream was realized without any government assistance or participation in any way. As with any project, there must be a driving force and  my mother was this force.  Casey O'Keefe is the youngest child of Tierney and Betty O'Keefe.  145 Betty O'Keefe  Mary Elizabeth Carney O'Keefe  In 1975, realizing the sacrifices being made in our family's quality  time and in order to keep up with the demands of this successful family  project, the search began for a purchaser who would keep their dream  intact and continue to operate this historical tribute in the same spirit  in which it began. The ranch was sold in 1977 to the Devonian Foundation, and Mom and Dad purchased a home in the City of Vernon.  After the sale, Mom had more time to focus her energies on her  family and faith. This was an exciting time for her, with involvement  in church, prayer groups and travel to lands of religious significance.  Mom moved to Vancouver in Sept. 1986, away from Dad, the  Okanagan and friends, because she wanted to provide me with a "home  life", rather than having me live at boarding school. We know what  a difficult transition this was for her as she had to share herself between  home and Vancouver. Through this move, she got to know her children  146 Betty O'Keefe  on a different level, but more importantly, we got to know our Mom.  She continued her involvement with the church and her prayer groups,  while still maintaining a full and busy agenda with her husband and  children. We came to know the true meaning of faith through Mom's  example: she was a gentle guide.  Mom was a planner throughout her life. When told of her terminal  illness in October of 1988, she asked herself what will I do with the rest  of my life? Her immediate response was, "I want to plan, as I always  have."  We remember her as a loving mother with determination, strong  convictions, high principles and dry wit. Mom was always the first to  laugh at her own follies, and her spontaneous wit was ever present. For  example, she had a constant complaint about having to kneel on uncomfortable wooden kneelers in this church, as I am sure you will all  agree. In her opinion, with padded kneelers, a few more of us would  get on our knees. To all those wishing to make a donation in my mother's  memory, she has requested in lieu of flowers or donations to other  organizations, that they be made to provide padded kneelers for the  church pews.  Betty O'Keefe in the Log House parlour with Eileen and Kathleen (on right) in the late 1960's.  147 Ellison Pioneer, Minnie Macdonnell  by Robert M. Hayes  The milestone of ninety-eight years is one which few people attain. To  live to such an age, having spent one's entire lifetime in the Okanagan  Valley is an even more remarkable accomplishment. Yet Minnie May  Macdonnell achieved both; she lived ninety-eight years, her entire  lifetime, in this beautiful valley.  Minnie May Whelan was born on the Cloverdale Ranch, in the  Ellison district, on December 12, 1887, being the fourth child born to  George (1844-1927) and Lucy Whelan (1852-1911), pioneer residents  of this valley. Having spent some five years in New Zealand looking  for gold, and two years working on the survey of the Canadian Pacific  Railway, George Whelan arrived in the Okanagan Valley in 1873. He  worked at a variety of jobs before pre-empting what would later be known  as the Cloverdale Ranch.  Minnie's mother, too, was of true pioneer stock. Born in England  and trained as a domestic cook, Lucy Freeman gave up that settled life  and came half-way around the world to start a new life as Mrs. George  Whelan. It was thus, in 1882, that Lucy Freeman married George  Whelan and settled on the Cloverdale Ranch, raising her family in the  small home which Whelan had earlier built. Lucy's family ties were  strong, and this devotion to family and loved ones was passed on to her  daughters, including Minnie.  The Whelans had seven children, of whom five lived to their majority: Nellie Florence (1883-1973) who married J. Ferman Bell;  Margaret Annie (1884- 1962) who married Ernest Leslie Clement; Lucy  Laura (1886-1919) who married J. Melchior Bailey; Minnie May  (1887-1986), who married Augustus "Gus" Macdonnell; and Robert  George Whelan (1892-1944) who did not marry.  Minnie May Whelan was, like her older sisters, born in the log  home on the Cloverdale Ranch. Minnie attended the early Ellison school,  in the upstairs of the Joseph Christien home. She later attended the  Whelan school, which was built on land which her father had donated  for that purpose. One of the teachers was Miss Dorothea Thomson (later  Mrs. W.D. Walker).  In those early days there were very few neighbours in the Ellison  district, but the Whelan family was a close one, and drives to town (usual-  Robert M. Hayes is the great nephew of Minnie Macdonnell. A school teacher in Westbank,  he is a director of the OHS Kelowna Branch, and a past president of the Kelowna and District  Genealogical Society.  148 Minnie Macdonnell  ly to Vernon), hikes in the hills, and picnics at Wood Lake (visiting with  the Wood cousins) were popular diversions. Later on, when the Whelan  school had been built and more settlers came to the district, the Ellison  residents enjoyed concerts, debates, sleigh rides, skating parties, and  community picnics. Minnie fondly recalled these get-togethers.  In the mid 1890's Minnie and her family moved out of the log home,  and into the splendid Cloverdale Home. This Victorian home is still  to be seen in Ellison, and is one of the oldest residences in the valley.  The Whelans remained in the Cloverdale Home until 1907, when the  ranch was sold and the family moved to Westholm Farm, south of Cloverdale. It was there that Minnie lived, until her marriage in 1914.  One of the highlights of Minnie's long life was a trip which the  Whelans made to England in 1904. In addition to meeting their English  kin this trip was quite an experience for the Whelan children. The  children visited the great commercial centre of London, and became  Members of the Whelan family, at Vancouver in 1904. Left to right: Minnie May Whelan, Margaret  Annie Whelan, George Whelan, Robert George Whelan, and Lucy Whelan. Missing are Lucy  Laura Whelan, and Nellie Florence Whelan. Picture taken by Nellie.  149 Minnie Macdonnell  Minnie May Macdonnell (nee Whelan). Taken in 1978, in her home in Ellison.  acquainted with the land of their parents' youth. Many years later, Minnie would talk about this trip, her only trip to England, and the names,  places, and stories were still so clear after even eighty years had passed.  On July 7, 1914 Minnie May Whelan married Augustus "Gus"  Macdonnell. Gus was born in County Cork, Ireland on May 31, 1885.  In 1904 he arrived in the Ellison district where he secured employment.  He visited Ireland in 1911, returning to Ellison the year following. In  Ellison he worked for John Conroy, Michael Hereron, and Thomas  Bulman. The Bulmans had a large stable and a good number of horses,  and Gus was able to put his knowledge of horseflesh to good use. Following their marriage, the Macdonnells lived in the Central Okanagan, eventually returning to the Ellison district following George Whelan's death  in 1927. With his passing, Whelan's property was divided amongst the  family, with Minnie and Gus being given a piece of land adjacent to  the Westholm farm. There they built a fine home, which is still owned  and lived in by members of her family. The land was good, and Gus  was able to grow hay, grain, and vegetables, as well as raise dairy and  beef cattle.  Minnie and Gus had seven children, six of whom lived to their majority: George who married Laura White; Bessie who married Andrew  Duncan; Joy who married Elwyn Cross; Gwen who married Robert Hardie; Norma (1926-1928); Allen who married Ella Anderson; and Phyllis  who married Brian Duggan. It was to her family that Minnie devoted  so much of her energy. On January 7, 1978 Gus Macdonnell died in  150 Minnie Macdonnell  Kelowna. He was survived by Minnie and their six children. The couple had celebrated sixty-three years of marriage.  I first came to better know my great Aunt Minnie rather late in  her life, when she was in her mid-eighties. At that time I was working  on compiling the history of the Whelan family. What made Minnie Macdonnell so special to me and others was that she took the time to get  to know people; she treated each person as an individual, and showed  a genuine interest in him or her. She was surrounded by photographs  of her children, grandchildren, and great grandchildren, and she  delighted in talking about each of them. She was truly the centre of her  large family.  Minnie and Gus eventually moved from their large home, and settled in a smaller home nearby. Minnie remained in that little house until several years ago, when her advanced age made it difficult for her  to maintain a home of her own. She then spent time living with her  children, spending a month or two with one, before moving on to be  with the next one. When her health continued to fail, Minnie made her  last move, into the hospital at Summerland. It was there that Minnie  May Macdonnell quietly passed away, on November 1, 1986. She was  just six weeks short of her ninety-ninth birthday. Minnie was buried  next to her husband of so many years in the old Kelowna Cemetery.  151 James Wellingdon (Pete) Watson  by Mollie Broderick  Everyone I talked to had so many good things to say about this man,  yet nothing seems to have been written about him, nothing recorded  for us of his good works. This is quite typical, because he keeps a pretty  low-key profile. Nonetheless, there exists some wry, impressive facts  about Pete's good works.  James Wellingdon Watson, "Pete" to all, was the youngest in a  family of six children. Born in Alberta in 1908, he arrived in Summerland  with his parents in 1910. His father, Cortland Watson, found work with  the Kettle Valley Railroad as roadmaster on the Carmi Sub, so the family  moved to Penticton in 1915. Their residence was near the old powerhouse  on Main Street (across from Nelson and Edna Avenues). No doubt the  six Watson children were an asset to the Penticton school system, since  they all proved to be good students. Pete excelled in athletics, taking  part on the high school track, hockey, rugby and basketball teams.  Pete finished his education in Penticton and went on to be the Accountant for one of the largest packinghouses, The Penticton Co-Op  Growers, working with two well known gentlemen, Delbert G. Penney  (Secretary) and Les Roadhouse (Manager). D.C Penney was meticulous  in his work. Pete was the same. They made a fine team for many years.  As one orchardist remarked: "Pete was a very good man — very responsible; showed a lot of common sense and integrity. He was always so  pleasant to deal with and you knew everything was 'right' when dealing with Pete." Another put it: "He was a man who kept everything  straight at the Penticton Co-op." Yet another remark was: "Pete never  let on that perhaps he was doing more than was expected of him.'' This  is the true mark of conscientious integrity — a job well and perfectly  done being of more importance than the reward.  Pete spent 42 years with the Penticton Co-op Growers and was the  last employee left for the wind-up of the Association when it finally closed  its doors in 1971. (The Penticton Co-op Growers' Association moved  from Lakeshore to Dawson Avenue in 1959 and finally went into voluntary liquidation in 1971. Local fruit is now transported up to Summerland, with some to Naramata.)  During his early years Pete was involved in sports, becoming an  outstanding basketball player. He also played baseball and rugby. Before  Penticton had a regular league, there were baseball teams from various  Mollie Broderick has held numerous offices with OHS Penticton Branch, served on the Penticton Museum Advisory Board, and was the first President of the Heritage & Museum Society at  Okanagan Falls.  152 Pete Watson  areas of the town playing against each other. Pete was a member of the  Power House Gang. There was also the Meadows Gang and the  Downtown Gang, among others. The name indicated the area in which  you lived, and Pete's family lived near the powerhouse.  When you think of the Gyro Club, you think of Pete Watson. The  Gyros have done so much to enhance the City of Penticton over the  years. One of the first involvements was the July 1st celebrations — horse  races and pari-mutual betting. Another early major effort was the purchase of the old badminton hall on the corner of Nanaimo Avenue and  Ellis Street. Who can forget the Snowball Frolics held there! The fabulous  decorations of snowballs and stars hanging from the ceiling, and Saxie's Orchestra playing! Pete was right in the thick of all the work toward  so much fun. The Gyro Park beside Penticton City Hall is a beautiful  park and bandshell. Pete was very involved with the planning and accomplishments of this park. Another bit of assistance to Penticton by  the Gyros was the refurbishing of the famous old sternwheeler, S.S.  Sicamous, a cost of $40,000 to the Club after it was purchased by the  City of Penticton.  In conclusion, I am pleased to write that Pete has been a member  of our Penticton Branch of the O.H.S. for a fair number of years, and  he has been on the Executive since 1976. Currently our Membership  Chairman, he faithfully and accurately executes his duties toward the  Branch in the same careful way he conducted himself in all of his  endeavours and involvements. To Pete, we say "Thank you; it has been  a pleasure doing business with you and a privilege in having known you  as a friend all these years!"  James Wellingdon (Pete) Watson and his sister-in-law, Bea Manery.  153 Margaret (Peggy) Harris  by Elizabeth Pryce  Peggy Harris was born and educated in Penticton. Her parents, John  and Helen Burgess, arrived in Vernon from Scotland, later moving to  Penticton in 1910. Peggy has one older sister. Her father worked for  a couple of well known names in Penticton — Bob Parmley and Fred  Bassett, before going to work at the Penticton Co-op Packinghouse. For  a while Mr. Burgess managed R.P. Murray's orchard, then went to  work for Joe Harris, who had been on his land for ten years. The Burgess  family then moved into a house on the Harris orchard.  It seems that Peggy was destined to remain her life on orchards.  After making garlands of cedar ropes together one year at Christmastime  for the old St. Ann's Church, she and Joe decided to tie a permanent  knot of their own. They were married in April of 1945. Throughout  the forty-odd years since, she has stood solidly behind her husband who  has been not only a leading Penticton orchardist, but a cattle rancher  at Green Mountain, in the packhorse business into the Cathedral Range  with Herb Clark, the heavy construction business with Tony Biollo,  employed by the Forest Service, served several terms as an Alderman  on Penticton's City Council, Curator of the R.N. Atkinson Museum,  a noted speaker and consultant in the history of the Okanagan and  Similkameen Valleys, and has been greatly involved in a number of major  community fund raising efforts, and promotion of the City of Penticton. All this activity by a husband requires a great deal of patience and  support from a devoted wife. Peggy personifies those qualities.  Listed among her hobbies are the three very necessary ingredients  to keeping a busy household running smoothly: gardening, cooking, and  sewing. Indeed, her home, with her husband and their family of five  girls and two boys was an active and happy place to be ~ and it still  is. Joe and Peggy now have five grandchildren to dash about the many  rooms of their large home.  Some of Peggy's other interests include forty-year collections of  greeting cards, programs, and a wide variety of styles in floral bow  arrangements, which she shares with two of her daughters.  Community involvements include the Catholic Women's League  and their "meals on wheels" service, and the Okanagan Historical Society, which she joined during Penticton's Centennial year, 1958.  Tapping into what seems to be quite a natural resource, the Pen-  Elizabeth Pryce is Penticton Branch Editor of OHS. She was a prime mover in the formation  of the Okanagan Falls Heritage & Museum Society.  154 Peggy Harris  ticton Branch asked Peggy to take charge of refreshments for the centennial celebrations of Canada's 100th Anniversary. At that time her husband was Chairman of Celebrations in Penticton. Through the years  since, Peggy has assisted both Mollie Broderick and Pat Cripps with  refreshments for meetings, as well as during the Society's many social  events and celebrations since 1958.  While visiting with Peggy, she told me about the Hospitality House  and the Old-timers Reunion in 1962, in conjunction with the Penticton  Peach Festival. B.C.'s Lieutenant-Governor George Pearkes was the  honoured guest, and Peggy and the other ladies were invited to join him  and Mrs. Pearkes for tea on the lawn of the beached S.S. Sicamous.  As well, during some of Penticton's other celebrations, Peggy has  been privileged and honoured to meet Governor General Vincent Massey  and Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent. During the Royal Visit in 1971,  Peggy dined with Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth, H.R.H. Prince Phillip,  Duke of Edinburgh, and H.R.H. Princess Anne.  No autobiography about Peggy Harris has been written, nor has  she received great accolades and thunderous ovations in her lifetime.  However, our friend Mrs. Harris is, nevertheless, one of those perfect  "pillars of family and community". She has rarely been seen up front,  for being too busy in back. We give a hearty hand to the lady who has  served us — literally by teapot and tray — for over thirty years!  Peggy Harris, Christmas 1987.  155 Introduction  This year the OHS Student Essay Contest has been conducted under  the able chairmanship of Mr. Jack Tait of Kelowna. At his request, Dr.  Duane Thomson of the History Department of Okanagan College in  Kelowna prepared a package of documents for student interpretation.  The documents consisted of a series of letters written in the 1840's by  various Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) officials in the Columbia District  to George Simpson, the Governor of the HBC. One of these letters has  been reproduced here. Thirty seven students throughout the Okanagan  chose to write an interpretation of these documents. Another fifteen  students, mosdy from Armstrong schools, chose to write on other subjects.  The essays were numbered and submitted to the marking committee as anonymously as possible. The winning essays were interpretations of the letters; however, we have printed another student essay that  merits consideration.  We are grateful for Radio Station CKOV's continued financial support for the prizes in the contest.  The Editor  156 Letter from Peter Skene Ogden to George  Simpson, Okanagan, July 23, 1841  I have been unable to take decisive retaliatory measures in the murder  of my late worthy friend, Black, because of the state of the trade. The  principal still lives and with the contemptible force at the disposal of  Mr. Tod, stands a fair chance of living for many years to come with  the plan proposed to which I am not at all in favor — namely that of  holding out a reward to the Indians (for) shooting him which will deprive  him of his life and will not have the same effect or appearance as if done  by ourselves. Situated however as we are, there is no other alternative  and I now consider it my duty to inform you, and which I am confident  you are not aware of, that the Natives from the Forks of this River to  the south of Alexandria are in a most disaffected state. On our going  out last Spring we had a skirmish with a party but the reception they  met with will, I trust, have the desired effect and the cause of their being so...(word unclear). Men by fours and fives have been in the habit  of being sent to trade Salmon on Fraser River and other quarters and  on almost every occasion they have been pillaged and insulted and from  the disparity of their numbers, one to twenty, they have been obliged  to submit and the Indians, finding that (with) every crime they committed, no action was taken, have gone on step by step to the crime  of murder and poor Black is the sufferer. To do away with this  DEROUINE system in future, I have provided 60 sacks of provisions  for the use of the establishment and strict instructions will be left with  Mr. Tod that until a general understanding exists with the natives, the  men be not sent on trading excursions and I am fully confident that  when the natives discover we are independent of their Salmon, they will  bring it to the Fort. Situated as we are this season, I am of opinion it  is the best plan that can be adopted. If however you are of a different  opinion...  Must part with Mr. Tod. McDonald's McLean takes his place at  Alexandria but I hope you will appoint an experienced man at Thompson's River.  H.B. Co. Archives D5/6, fos. 173-4  157 Conflicts between the Natives and  Hudsons's Bay Company in the 1840's  by Dale Kort  Junior Contest — First Prize and Winner  of J.W.B. Browne/CKOV Award  Throughout the letters written to George Simpson by the Hudson's Bay  Company, it is shown that the Indians caused much annoyance for the  Company, and the Company was trying to overcome this problem.  One person in the Hudson's Bay Company pointed out the two  people he believed were responsible for the uneasy situation with the  Indians. The person was John Tod and the people he blamed were Mr.  McKenzie and Narcisse Montigny. In J. Tod's letter to G. Simpson  (1846) he pointed out a certain example which involved MacKenzie and  a chief's son, Nicola, which left Nicola dead. Of course, this incident  caused much disturbance among Nicola's tribe. In the same letter, J.  Tod pointed out that "Nothing ... would have occurred here had it not  been for that notorious character Narcisse Montigny."  P.S. Ogden was the first to complain about the trouble with the  Indians by saying, "...men by four's and five's have been ... sent to  trade Salmon on Fraser River ... and on almost every occasion they  have been pillaged". The first of the trouble began when Black was  murdered by an Indian. Some Indians (the letters not saying which)  had a peaceful relationship with the Company while other Indians did  not. A statement that backs this up is found in the letter form P.S. Ogden  to G. Simpson in July 1841, "...the natives from the fork of this river  to the south of Alexandria are in a most disaffected state". Going on  through the letter, Ogden tells about another incident which led to a  skirmish with the Indians.  In some of the letters in 1841 from the months of August to October they show that the Indians had calmed down, and D. Manson  said that if it wasn't for the help of the Indians the murderer of Mr.  Black would have gotten away. To try and keep peace with the Indians,  some of the people in the Hudson's Bay Co. believe that hiring the Indians to work for them will keep peace, "...the alternative of employing the Indians to effect it is the only mode that can be adopted..."  Even though some of the fiercer Indian tribes had settled down,  others didn't. At the end of 1841 some of the Indian tribes of the Fraser  River "repeatedly plundered, grossly insulted, and frequently killed  several people of the Company when small bands of people passed by  Dale Kort is a Grade 8 student at KLO Secondary School in Kelowna.  158 Student Essays  them". This made communication extremely difficult as travelling from  place to place was the only means of transferring messages, letters, etc.  One example of the Indian's (hate for white men) was when an Indian  named Lac Verd camped on the side of a road for almost two months  waiting for one of the leaders in the Hudson's Bay Company in order  to waylay and kill him. But it turned out that the man suspected the  Indian's evil intentions and fled for his life.  The Indians around the Okanagan River caused much trouble for  the Company by stealing the Company's horses and bullying men when  they passed the Indians in small groups. The Indians were also part of  the reason the forts were in ruin.  In two of D. Manson's letters to G. Simpson, Manson explains  that he believes that the Indians can be settled down and brought to  conduct themselves peacefully towards the Company. The reason that  Manson wanted peace with the Indians was because, as he said in his  letter to G. Simpson in February 1842, "I cannot see the necessity of  sending men to the different tribes and trading with them, where the  property runs such risks of being pillaged and the people insulted." His  idea of pretending to be independent of the Indian's salmon, forcing  the Indians to go to the forts to trade proved to be one of the more successful ideas to avoid trouble with the Indians.  The most successful idea was thought of in 1846 by John Tod. The  idea was to open up a new communication route which would avoid  much expense, anxiety, and hazards. Personally, I think the cause of  this uneasiness between the Indians and fur traders was because of the  white man's distrust towards the Natives and the Native's hatred for  the white man. Whatever the case, however, the Company had to try  to overcome the continual annoyance of the Natives in the Pacific  Northwest.  159 Interpretation of Letters Written to  George Simpson in the 1840'S  by Richard Kort  Senior Contest — First Prize and Winner  of J.W.B. Browne/CKOV Award  Throughout the letters written to George Simpson in Thompson's River  there is evidence that the Hudson's Bay Company had several problems  to be solved with the Natives of the Pacific Northwest. These problems  were the result of poor management, lack of support and supplies from  Thompson's River, and the Company's dependance on trade with the  Natives.  Peter Skene Odgen recognized that something had to be done about  the problems they were having with the Natives. On July 23, 1841, he  wrote, "Men by fours and fives have been in the habit of being sent  to trade Salmon on Fraser River and other quarters and on almost every  occasion they have been pillaged and insulted and from the disparity  of their numbers, one to twenty, they have been obliged to submit and  the Indians, finding that with every crime they committed, no action  was taken, have gone on step by step to the crime of murder..." The  natives, having a certain sense of superiority, were constantly hassling  the Company's traders along the Fraser River. Two of the factors which  contributed toward the problem of such occurrences included the Company's dependance on the natives' trade and that they were under staffed.  This was shown in the same letter where it states that the Company  couldn't even take retaliation in the murder of a Mr. Black because they  didn't have enough men to search for the murderer and eventually had  to hire the Indians to do the job. If the Company was to solve the problems they were having with the natives it is only logical that hiring  the natives because of a shortage of employees would only further hurt  them because the natives would recognize their dependance and take  full advantage of it.  During the autumn of 1841 the natives around the Okanagan  Establishment conducted themselves in a tranquil manner. However,  situations along the Fraser River had only worsened. Donald Manson  had much to tell when he wrote to Simpson on December 6, 1841, ".. .as  also some of the Tribes inhabiting the banks of the Fraser River, have  repeatedly plundered, grossly insulted and frequently nearly murdered  several of our people when passing in small parties along that route..."  Manson goes on further to state that a tribe known as the Okanagan  Richard Kort is a Grade 10 student at KLO Secondary School in Kelowna.  160 Student Essays  River Indians had been annoying Mr. Odgen and the late Mr. Black  for the past few years, once resulting in the killing of one of the Company's men. The natives behavior was the result of a strong sense of  superiority or the will to be in charge. D. Manson felt that there was  a solution to the problem when he wrote, ".. .1 am inclined to be of opinion that with proper management and by showing that degree of firmness and decision which is so absolutely necessary in our transactions  with the Natives, these people may be brought to conduct themselves  peacefully and usefully towards us in the future". The Hudson's Bay  Company had lacked this proper management in the Pacific Northwest  because of a lack of support from Thompson's River. This resulted in  the Company's strong reliance on the natives which in turn caused the  natives to take full advantage and control of the situation. For example, the Forts were described by Manson as being in "a wretched state  of defence, the houses being completely rotten...". How was the Company supposed to relieve pressure from the natives if they couldn't even  maintain their own Forts in a reasonable state of defence? These and  other problems would have to be overcome if the even bigger native  problem was to be solved.  It is also written in the letters that they were dependent on the  Natives for their provisions. It was written by Donald Manson on  February 27, 1842: "...we ought to make ourselves independent of the  Natives for our supplies of Provisions". Due to a lack of supplies from  Thompson's River they were dependent on the natives for their food.  If they were to solve their increasing problems with the natives they would  have to gain complete independence from the natives. Because they didn't  receive enough supplies from Thompson's River, they decided to resort  to farming for themselves on the fertile soil of the Pacific Northwest.  This would take the Hudson's Bay Company one step closer to solving  their problems with the Natives.  The situation was getting worse and the Hudson's Bay Company  would have to solve their problems with the natives. Through proper  management, support from Thompson's River, and independence from  the natives, the task could be accomplished.  161 The Life of Louie Ehrlich  by Chris Anderson  Louie Ehrlich was one of the most knowledgeable residents of Armstrong.  He worked hard at the seed breeding industry during his life, in both  Europe and Western Canada.  Ludvig (Louie) Ehrlich was born in 1907, in Choka, Yugoslavia.  His family owned a small estate in Choka, which was burned in the  Yugoslavian revolution. Louie graduated from the State University of  Economics in the Agricultural Faculty at Budapest, where his interest  in seed breeding was kindled.  He moved on to work and practise at the Lederer Estate who had  paid for Louie's tuition at the State University. The estate had twenty  thousand acres in Choka, growing two-thousand acres of grapes with  ten thousand acres under irrigation. It also had a winery, a seed selection station, a sugar factory, and three alcohol factories. In two years  time, he had been promoted to the position of manager of the seed selection. He then practised one year with Ernst Benary and F.C Heinemann  in Erfurt, Germany, and later with Hurst and Son Company in London, England.  In 1938, he was delegated to organize the Yugoslavian Exhibit at  the World Agricultural Exhibition in Paris.  In 1941, Louie left Yugoslavia, went to Hungary, and joined the  army. During the Second World War, his first wife and their two children  were killed. After the war, he became the General Manager of a two  million acre, State company in Hungary. Twelve-hundred people were  employed, growing grain, alfalfa, sugar beets, and other assorted crops.  It also grew oil plants such as mint, lavender, and matricaria.  In 1949, Louie became a member of the Agricultural Scientific  Council, which was attached to the Ministry of Agriculture in Hungary.  His position was similar to a deputy minister in our government. From  1952 — 1956, he was the manager of a sugar factory and farm in Szolnok,  Hungary.  At the time of the Hungarian revolution, in 1956, Louie and Judy,  his wife of seven years, with their five year old son, Steven, began their  long, gruelling trip over the Hungarian border to Austria, Holland, and  then finally to Canada. The reason they fled was the occupation of  Hungary by Soviet Russia.  After the make shift camp in Jenersdolf, Austria, they were taken  to a slightly larger camp with better facilities. By this time they decided  Chris Anderson is a Grade 7 student at Len Wood Elementary School in Armstrong.  162 Student Essays  that they wanted to come to Canada.  Their first consideration was England, then Australia, where Louie's  brother lived, but eventually they were persuaded to go to Canada. After  their decision was made, they were sent to a Dutch camp where eighteen-  hundred other refugees were waiting to come to Canada. Wanting the  people healthy and prepared, the Canadian government sent money for  food and clothes. They even went so far as to send an English teacher  to the camp.  Louie Ehrlich in 1986  They spent four months in this camp, during which time Judy  received a job cleaning in a hospital. Also during this time, Louie received  a job offer from the Dutch government. He felt that Holland was too  close to Hungary, which he wanted to get away from, so he turned down  the job. Louie also wrote a letter, with the help of the English teacher,  to the Canadian government asking for a job. The letter described Louie's  qualifications and experience in the seed breeding industry. He received a letter in return, saying that he was extremely well qualified for the  job, but, since he was not a Canadian citizen, he could not be given  a job in the government.  163 Student Essays  The B.C. Pea Growers' building in the late 1940's.  There were, however, job opportunities in Toronto, Ontario and  the Sunset Seed Company of Armstrong, B.C Louie decided to apply  to the opening in Armstrong, because he felt fewer people would apply  at the smaller town, and his chances of receiving the job would be greater.  Louie, Judy, and their son came by ship and landed in Halifax in  May, 1957. Once they landed in Halifax, they had to be quarantined in a refugee camp for five days. They then came by train to  Kamloops, a trip on which Judy was, most of the time, ill.  They arrived in Armstrong on June 5, 1957. The very next day  Louie started his job at the Sunset Seed Company, a division of B.C.  Pea Growers Ltd., as a seed selector. Judy also found work at the Armstrong Cheese Factory.  Louie was a great asset to B.C. Pea Growers Ltd., having experience  in trading and maintaining the purity of the different types of seeds.  He knew most of the different varieties and could tell what type of plant  he was looking at from his vast knowledge.  His contribution, however, was the introduction of a large, yellow  early maturing pea, which was of a hardy variety. There were actually  two types, Hungarian yellow and Yugoslavian yellow, and Louie  developed these peas from a few imported seeds.  In addition to his work with seeds, he went to farms to do soil  analysis. He would get samples from different areas of the field, and  164 Student Essays  send them to a laboratory in Summerland, which tested the soil and  sent the results back to Louie. He would then in turn give the results  to the farmer and suggest ways of improving his crops.  After 25 years at B.C. Pea Growers Ltd., Louie left the Sunset Seed  Company and the Heal family to help set up the Swan Lake Fruit and  Garden Center north of Vernon for Mike Kowaluk.  Louie attended the Vancouver Seed Exhibition with Mike Kowaluk;  and while there, he advised people as to which seeds to plant where,  and when to plant them. He then became manager of the Pacific Seed  Company.  At the Pacific Seed Company, he developed seeds in bulk, such  as peas, corn, and specific types of beets. He tried to find which peas  were best for canning, for freezing, and which were sweetest and smallest.  He often had school children help him select these. He also introduced  the company to small seeds such as flower seeds, and developed his own  type of tomato.  Louie loved his work, as is obvious by his many achievements during  his lifetime. He was still working and writing up to the time of his death,  in May of 1987.  His wife Judy still lives in Armstrong and is still employed in the  office of the Armstrong Cheese Factory. Steven, who now lives in the  United States, works as an immigration control officer along the west  coast. He is happily married to his wife Edna, and has two children:  Natali, who is three, and Steven, who is one year old.  Louie Ehrlich was a survivor, making it through two World Wars,  and both the Hungarian and Yugoslavian Revolutions. He changed jobs,  countries and cultures and he was still successful. He was industrious,  hard-working, honest and extremely knowledgeable about the seed  business. At the international level, he had an excellent reputation in  the work. Louie Ehrlich was a gentleman who lived the latter part of  his life quietly in Armstrong, but his contribution to agriculture was  outstanding.  BIBLIOGRAPHY  Armstrong Advertiser— Wednesday, March 11, 1987  Interview with Judy Ehrlich, January 1989  Resume of Louie Ehrlich  Telephone interview with Ron Heal, February 1989  165 Book Reviews  Artists of the Okanagan  by the Okanagan Mainline Senior Writers and Publishers' Association.  Editor: Dr. John C. Dubeta. Associate Editor: Jack David. November 1988.  Reviewed by Howard Johnston  Artists of the Okanagan succeeds on several levels. The page size is large  enough to do justice to most of the paintings and photographs selected  by the juror. The soft-cover brings it to the shelf at a price ($25.00) which  is affordable.  The vivid but simple shapes on the cover's illustration evoke the  Okanagan's sunshine, clear skies, blue waters, and recreational opportunities. These themes, and much more are found in the book itself.  Seventy-four artists are represented in the book following the jurying of Mr. Ted Lindberg. The decision to use a single juror has produced a cohesive selection ranging from the primitive of self-taught Doug  Spraggett, to the surrealism of John Revill, the abstraction of Murray  Johnson and the realism of William Davis.  Each artist selected is given a complete page with room for  biographical notes or comments by the artist on the particular work of  art. The variety of media is extensive. As well as the to-be-expected range  of oil, water-colour, acrylic, pastel, graphite and collage; the selections  include photography, raku, prints, ceramic, wood (furniture and  sculpture) quilting, and jade (sculpture). The book should have a broad  appeal.  Given the tide, Artists of the Okanagan, the book's main purpose should  be as a reference serving as a quick overview of the Okanagan Art scene  and also providing material for a deeper examination of a particular  artist. Its use as a reference, however, is greatly lessened by its format.  A reading of the Preface indicates that this volume follows on the publication of Writers of the Okanagan-Mainline and that it covers the same area.  From that it would seem the title is a bit misleading.  Howard Johnston is a retired educator and former Member of Parliament. He resides in Salmon  Arm and is a respected Shuswap artist.  166 Book Reviews  The problem of who is from where is compounded by a lack of  editorial direction as to what information accompanies each illustration.  Although the majority of the artists include some biographical information, a considerable minority are simply poetic about their work.  Better to have had each artist comment on the particular illustration,  and then to have added the biographical information in a few additional  pages at the end.  The volume attempts to cover a little too much ground. The juxtaposition of painting and photography is confusing and isolated examples  of crafts seem out-of-place.  One looks forward to additional volumes such as Photographers of  the Okanagan and Crafts of the Okanagan.  One wishes as well, that all of the illustrations could be printed in  full colour. Although that would certainly raise the per volume cost, it  would greatly enhance the reader's enjoyment, even as it eliminated the  question as to how the choice to print in colour or not to print in colour, was made. Joyce Dorey's "Lilies III" cries out for colour, as does  Marilyn Hansen's "Narrow View" and Emily Mayhew's amusing "The  Frog Ballet".  Early Settlements on Kruger and  Richter Mountains  by Ed Lacey, Doug Fraser and Dorothy Fraser,  published by Oliver Osoyoos Branch of O.H.S.  Reviewed by Jean Webber  Early Settlements on Kruger and Richter Mountains is a booklet about a community of homesteads filed for, mainly, in 1904 and 1905 in the Richter  Pass area just west of Osoyoos.  The work is a modest but carefully executed piece of historical  research. Ed Lacey and Doug Fraser have listed the settlers and  designated their holdings on a map. Anecdotes tell something of the every  day life of the community. Dorothy Fraser's essay will strike a chord  with all who have looked on deserted and decaying habitations in our  countryside and felt the poignancy of hopes and dreams abandoned.  As the printing process was by photocopying of a typed manuscript,  photos accompanying the original have been replaced by Ellen Fraser's  line drawings.  The booklet will be of interest mainly to descendents of the settlers  and to researchers. Hence the run of only 50 copies is justified.  Jean Webber is the President of the Oliver-Osoyoos Branch of the O.H.S. and past editor of the  Report.  167 The Central Okanagan Records Survey:  Okanagan-Similkameen-Shuswap  Records Survey, Part 1  Compiled and edited by Kathleen Barlee with SSHRCC Canadian Studies  Research Tools Co-investigators Duane Thomson and Maurice Williams.  Okanagan College Press, 1988.  Reviewed by Winston Shilvock  It's very easy for our history to drift off into limbo unless it's recorded,  and what is equally important, the records must be preserved for future  study. With this in mind, Duane Thomson, Ph.D., Maurice Williams,  Ph.D. and Kathleen Barlee, M.A.S., in 1987, began an intensive search  for valuable archival material which might be held in public repositories,  private agencies and by the general public.  Although the endeavor was sponsored by Okanagan College, it was  only with help from the Canadian Studies Research Tools, under the  aegis of the Social Sciences and Humanities Council of Canada, that  the trio was able to carry on.  Kathleen Barlee, with assistance from students Michael Gourlie,  Marc Loiselle and Michele Eyzen, became the Project Co-Ordinator  and was responsible for editing the 123-page volume. Invaluable  assistance was also given by professors Terry Eastwood of the University of British Columbia and Peter Baskerville of the University of Victoria, both of whom had experience in similar projects at the Coast.  The work is divided into 17 principal headings such as Regional  Districts, School Districts, Health Units, Business, Indian Organizations, Religious Institutions, Societies etc. Each of these categories carry  subheadings, providing extensive detail. For instance, under  "Museums" there are listed 106 subjects. "Private Papers" list 19 items.  The Index requires 26 pages and covers every item and name mentioned in the body of the survey. As though this wasn't sufficient, more  than five pages are given over to an Alternate Index Term, or cross-  reference, so a researcher is sure to find any item. Finally, eight pages  comprise the addresses of all the Custodians of Material.  Although the Survey assembles a vast amount of information, the  compilers feel it is but a beginning and in the Preface make an appeal  for more material. The locating and cataloguing of historical information appears to be never-ending.  Even so, this edition of the Central Okanagan Records Survey contains so much information that historical researchers will be kept busy  for a long time.  Winston Shilvock is a freelance writer and historian. He is retired and resides in Kelowna.  168 Report of the Okanagan Mission  Planning Task Force to the Father  Pandosy Mission Committee of the  Okanagan Historical Society  by Dr. Duane Thomson, Robert Hobson, James Baker,  and Ursula Surtees. October, 1987.  Reviewed by Ken Mather  The report of the Okanagan Mission Planning Task Force represents  a long term plan for the Oblate Mission of the Immaculate Conception  at Okanagan Mission, known as "The Father Pandosy Mission". At  the outset, the committee defined the goal of the Okanagan Mission  Historic Site as follows:  The Okanagan Mission site, related buildings, artifacts and  historical records shall be preserved, presented and managed  for public benefit, (page 1)  With this goal in mind, the Committee analyzed the site itself, its  history, constraints and potential visitors. It presented a plan for the  development, interpretation and management of the site for the future.  As a planning document, the report cannot be faulted. It presents a  logical, well thought out vision of what the site could become, given the  ideal coming together of finances, interested parties, and timing. While  this may be considered ambitious, it is none-the-less what a good planning document should be. The report is an excellent analysis of the potential for development. It remains only to discuss and perhaps question  some of the details of the report so that the membership of the Okanagan  Historical Society can realize some of the implications of the proposed  site development.  The report begins with a "Vision of Okanagan Mission in A.D.  2000". This vision is "unconstrained by limitations of time, money,  property ownership, or other such factors". We would see a site that  is fully developed, taking in a large area around the remaining original  Okanagan Mission buildings including the cemetery across Benvolin  Road. The year 2000 visitor would pass through a picnic area to an outdoor meeting place and view a presentation on early Mission life. The  visitor would pass an archaeological dig in progress. On the other side  of Mission Creek a boardwalk would allow the visitor to access the Casorso Ranch, a working example of an early homestead where lunch could  Ken Mather was previously the curator of Barkerville Historic Park, and is currently the curator/  administrator of O'Keefe Historic Ranch.  169 Book Reviews  be obtained in the old cook house. The return trail would take the visitor  across Casorso Road to a native fishery and interpretation area, and  then back to the Mission.  The only flaws in this admittedly idealized vision are the realities  of the 20th Century, which intrude on the pastoral tranquility of the  setting. Benvolin and Casorso Roads will not likely cease to be modern  thoroughfares. They will have a significant impact on the feeling of history  created by the Mission site itself. Even heavy screening, not in itself  historically accurate, would serve to eliminate the impact of the roads.  While this comment is not intended to deny the intent of the "vision",  it suggests that the realities of the present will probably continue even  after the year 2000.  After presenting a Development Policy, which outlines a series of  sound guidelines for all future development, the report goes on to present the Thematic Objectives that will guide the interpretation of the  Mission site. The major themes of the site will be the Historic framework  within which the religious, economic, educational, and judicial functions of the Mission took place, and the significance of the interaction  between the white and native communities. These themes are well  thought out and cover the main areas of interest in the life of the Mission in the pre-railway era.  A site description follows which places the Mission site within its  present day context and details the existing buildings. I would have liked  to have seen a drawing of the present day layout of the site to help identify the non-conforming structures that have been added to the site over  the years. One is left to speculate which building is which in the "Plan  for the Core Area" which occurs later in the report.  The Regional Ethnography and History, and the Site History which  follow provide an excellent background. While more detailed research  would be required for the most effective interpretation of the site, there  is no doubt of the availability of good research data and guidance from  the Committee. One is left a little confused, however, by occasional  references such as (Leeds, et al., 1981) which do not refer to any apparent footnote or bibliography. Only at the very end of the section are  we told that the history section is taken from a presentation made to  the B.C. Heritage Trust in 1984.  The detailed planning process is presented next and little can be  found to criticize or debate. The Current Visitor Profile and Visitor  Potential sections are well developed. The potential of 50,000 visitors  per annum, while optimistic, is not unreasonable given a fully developed  site. Certainly there is presently a serious problem in accessing the site  from the highway, and this would have to be dealt with. The provision  of adequate signing and advertising would do much to offset this problem.  A phased Site Development, going from the Short Term through  170 Book Reviews  the Medium Term to the Long Term, is presented. One is happy to  see that no time frame for this process is given as every aspect of development is tied to factors that are impossible to predict. None-the-less the  phased development is logical and well thought out. This section is the  "meat" of the plan.  All in all, the Report of the Okanagan Mission Planning Task Force  is excellent and actually good reading for those who have a genuine interest in what happens to this very valuable site. The Committee is to  be commended for their work and one hopes that their vision for the  Okanagan Mission site can be realized.  171 Errata and Addenda  I. From the 45th Report:  Page 125 James Sutherland, Baker on Patterson Ave. should read James  Sutherland, teacher in Okanagan Mission.  II. From the 49th Report:  Page 53 The caption under the photo should read: The Ethel Ross out  of Salmon Arm, and not the Red Star.  III. From the 52nd Report:  Page 14. In the 52nd Report, Jean Kidston (nee Keith) provided readers with  a lovely description of traveling the Pleasant Valley Road from Enderby to  Armstrong. At one point she said: "The road, turning sharply left, ran between big grain fields then dropped down the steep Vance Young hill to the  flat vegetable fields surrounding Armstrong."  Shortly after the Report came out, Mr. Ross McGie of Stepney Road,  Armstrong, wrote the following letter to the editor:  On page 14 of the 52nd Report: This hill was always known as Jake Laur's  Hill. It was a//on his property. His house was at the top of the hill. He raised  big horses. He was a veteran of the American Civil War as was old Frank  Young. They got a pension from the winners, the northern states, but it only  amounted to a few cents a month.  Jake Laur was back here for a few days in the 1920's with a beautiful  young girl and left again. The pension was big then because almost all of the  people who got it were dead.  Vance Young was a kind man who did many kind things which he never  mentioned. He would squirm in his grave if he heard the hill was to be named  after him.  That old log building on the Young property about half way between  Lansdowne & Jake Laurs Hill. I asked young Frank Young what it was. He  said it was a grainery and had always been. The Youngs raised a lot of grain.  Page 128 Kill Care Cottage should read Kill Kare Cottage.  Page 128 ROM Knight of Templer should read RAM Knights of  Templer.  172 WE SHALL MISS THEM  ABEL, Cecelia, b. 1898 (approx.) d. Westbank 17 March 1989. Predeceased  by husband Donald. Survived by sons Ben and Phillip and Murphy.  ADAMS,   Annie,   b.   Haverhill,   Suffolk,   England   1885.   d.   Penticton  5  September 1988. Predeceased by husband "Bill"; Survived by son "Bill"  and daughter Estella Gartrell.  AIKMAN, Andrew Laurie Hay. b. Kelowna. d. Vancouver 8 August 1988.  Survived by son, Robert and daughter, Susan Filice.  ANDERSON, John. b. 1907. d. Kelowna 30 August 1988. Predeceased by wife  Margaret in 1982. Survived by daughter Elenor Pritchard.  APSEY, Molly Patricia, b. Kelowna 17 March 1913. d. Kelowna 24 March  1989.   Survived by husband Norman;  daughters Kate Day and Pat  Stewart.  ARNOLD, John Nelson, b. 1907. d. Kelowna 29 September 1988. Predeceased by wife May in October 1984. Survived by sons Gilbert and  Donald.  ATKINSON, Gwendoline, b. India 7 August 1896. d. Summerland 16 April  1989. Predeceased by husband Robert in 1931. Survived by sons Brian and  Clive; daughter Gweneth Gilmour.  AUGUST, Harold, b. Homewood, Manitoba 1913. d. Kelowna 20 October  1988. Predeceased by son John; Survived by wife Helen; daughter Elaine  Covert.  BAJER, Jeffery George, b. 1964. d. Kelowna 10 July 1988.  BALDWIN, Gordon, b. 1914. d. Kingsburg, California 23 October 1988. Survived by wife Linda.  BAWTINHEIMER, Percy Raymond, b. Red Deer Alberta 24 September  1904. d. Armstrong 3 January 1989.  BEARDEN, Alice Hulme d. Kelowna 12 February 1989. Predeceased by husband Ernest. Survived by daughters Merilyn Mollard and Carol Postle;  stepsons Gordon Shugg and Harold Shugg; stepdaughter Margaret Shugg.  BENNETT, Gordon Eric. b. England 9 June 1921. d. Armstrong 1 March  1989. Survived by wife Vera; daughter Sharon.  BISSELL, George Claude, b. Victoria 20 November 1908. d. Kelowna 7  November 1988. Survived by wife Victoria; sons Daryl and Bruce;  daughter Victoria Warren.  BLACK, F. Fraser. b. 1906. d. Kelowna 6 July 1988. Predeceased by wife  Helen in April 1984. Survived by son Fergus.  BLACK, Walter, b. Regina, Saskatchewan 8 April 1917. d. Salmon Arm 22  February 1989. Survived by wife Vera; sons Gilbert, David, Robert and  Norman; daughter Ruth McAfee.  BLEWETT, Ralph Lawrence, b. Summerland 6 July 1909. d. Penticton 12  January 1989. Survived by wife Dorothy; sons Richard and Victor;  daughter Suzanne.  BOAKE, Edna Mary (nee Gordon), b. 1923. d. Kelowna 6 September 1988.  Survived by sons Dale, Terry, Guy; daughter Gayle Dodgson.  BORSTEL, Theodore ("Ted"), b. Germany 1894. d. Enderby 5 December  1988. Predeceased by wife Mary in 1987, and daughter Irene in 1949. Survived by son George; daughters Mary Pozer, Dorothy Wageningen, June  Zuar.  173 Obituaries  BOUVETTE, Frank J. b. Bowden, Alberta 1917. d. Chase 17 March 1989.  Survived by wife Helen.  BOWMAN, Olga Eve. b. 1918. d. Kelowna 10 February 1989. Survived by  husband Ray; son Wayne; daughter Sharon Wilkinson.  BRENAGHEZZI, Angelina Ottavia (nee Mussatto). b. Phoenix, B.C. 1906.  d. Kelowna 13 January 1989. Predeceased by husband Carlo. Survived by  daughter Linda Ben Hamida.  BREWER, Douglas Allen, d. Kelowna 4 September 1988. Survived by wife  Doris; daughter Gail James.  BREWER, Ellen Catherine, b. Vernon 1898. d. Vernon 21 April 1989.  Predeceased by husband Alfred  in   1979.   Survived by  son  Stanley;  daughters  Martha  Reimer,   Nancy   Schmidt,  Jena Jourdain,   Dolly  Wheeler, Sadie Hartwig.  BRITTON,   Dorothy,   b.   Vernon  6 January   1919.   d.   Summerland   11  December 1988.  BRUNETTE, Carl Gregory, d. Kelowna 3 August 1988. Survived by wife  Katherine; sons Terence and Gregory.  BURBANK, Elsie Jane. b. 1911. d. Victoria 4 January 1989. Predeceased by  husband Maurice A.  BURNETT, Dorothy Mabel, b. Weyburn, Saskatchewan 18 December 1907.  d. White Rock 24 September 1988.  BUTLER, Ernest T. b. 1911. d. Vancouver 28 August 1988. Survived by wife  Mary; daughters Dellrae and Joan.  CALVERT, Herbert, b. Edmonton 5 January 1915. d. Abbotsford 20 March  1989.  Survived by wife Verna; sons Dwayne, Leonard, David, John;  daughters Donna Dustin, Lisa.  CAMPBELL, Lorna McLeod. b. Vernon 1903. d. Vernon 15 December  1988.  CASORSO,  Bernard Patrick,  b.  Kelowna,  d.  Winnipeg  12  April   1989.  Predeceased by his wife Marie in February 1989. Survived by son Pat;  daughter Lillis Bremer.  CHAMBERLAIN, Doris, b. 1920. d. Salmon Arm 12 April 1989. Predeceased by her husband Bob in 1989. Survived by son Larry; daughter Jean  Groat.  CHAMBERLAIN,  Robert,  b.  Vermilion,  Alberta 30 January  1910.  d.  Salmon Arm 22 February 1989.  Survived by wife Doris; son Larry;  daughter Jean Groat.  CHAMBERS, Theodore Gervase Sandeman. b. London, England 8 March  1887. d. Victoria 28 March 1989. Survived by wife Lilian.  CHAPLIN, Florence ("Flo") E. b. 1907. d. Kelowna 13 December 1988.  Predeceased by husband Kimball in 1984 and daughter Pat.  CHAPLIN, Maurice Reginald, b. Kelowna 1901. d. Kelowna 4 July 1988.  Survived by daughter Shirley Kostiuk.  CHASE, Ronald Ray. b. 1916. d. Comox 1 July 1988. Survived by wife  Margaret; sons Roger and Kelly; daughters Beverley Marsh, Sharon  Smid, Virginia Laschenko.  CLARK, Robert John. d. Kelowna 22 September 1988. Survived by wife  Elise; daughters Antonie and Nadine.  174 Obituaries  CLEAVER, Eleanor McDonald ("Pat"), b. Toronto 17 February 1913. d.  Kelowna 21 October 1988. Survived by husband William; sons Michael  and Christopher; daughter Judith.  CLOWER, William George, b. Kelowna 1934. d. Kelowna 12 September  1988. Survived by wife Beverly; daughter Cheyenne.  COBYACE, Kimi. b. 1909. d. Kelowna 29 September 1988. Predeceased by  husband Takeyoshi ("Peter") in 1975.  CONROY, Agnes Julia, b. Ellison 14 February 1903. d. Kelowna 6 October  1988.  COPE, Harriet ("Hattie"). b. Lenore, Manitoba 13 February 1895. d.  Kelowna 12 August 1988. Predeceased by husband John William in 1965.  Survived by daughters Shirley Cameron, Phyliss Mallet-Paret.  COUSINS, Harold Neil. b. Mowbray, Manitoba 16 December 1911. d. Penticton 4 March 1988. Survived by wife Martha; son Lome.  COUSINS, John Aylmer. d. Kelowna 17 March 1989. Survived by wife Kay;  daughters Beverley and Gail.  CRAWFORD, Sara Frances Harrison, b. Manitou, Manitoba 1 March 1907.  d. Penticton 6 December 1988. Predeceased by first husband George Clement; second husband James Crawford. Survived by son Eldred Clement;  daughters Ethel Eburn, Ruth Borknstle.  CRERAR, Jack. b. Armstrong 1916. d. Vernon 11 April 1989. Predeceased by  wife Evelyne in 1985. Survived by sons Bob and Bill; daughters Judy  Weeks, Wendy Carlson, Cathy Gillis.  CRESWELL, Keith, b. 1903. d. Kelowna 4 November 1988. Survived by wife  Winifred.  DELCOURT, Joan Marie, d. Kelowna 5 February 1989. Survived by son  Darren; daughters Debbie Smith and Dana Johnston.  DOBBIN, Florence "May", b. 1897. d. Kelowna 12 September 1988.  Predeceased by husband Arthur in January 1960. Survived by sons Cliff,  Lome; daughters Olive Walter, Florence Edwards, Mary White, Doreen  Dobbin, Pamela Weseen.  DODDS, Walter Grieve "Scotty". b. Spokane, Washington 17 November  1906. d. Vernon November 1988. Survived by wife Margaret; sons  Walter, Bob, and Donald; daughter Agnes Malm.  DRIVER, Peggy Margaret (nee Fraser). b. Penticton 1913. d. Osoyoos 7  November 1988. Survived by husband George; son Ross; daughters  Catherine Seebach, Marion Buchanan.  DUNDSON, Frederick William, b. Summerland 24 September 1909. d. Summerland 22 May 1988. Survived by wife Jean; daughters Shirley, Irene  Stark, Carol Bolton.  DUNDSON, George Mason, b. Summerland 13 October 1913. d. Summerland 19 December 1988. Predeceased by wife Mary in 1982. Survived  by sons Ron and Gordon.  DUNN, Alexander "Curly", b. Lettergull, Ireland 1 January 1897. d. Armstrong 10 March 1989. Survived by daughter Rosalind Williams  DUNN, Edna. b. Kootenays 15 April 1912. d. Kelowna 4 June 1988.  ECKERT, Robert, b. 1896. d. Vernon 18 March 1989. Predeceased by wife  Augusta in 1988. Survived by daughter Anna Schultz and family.  175 Obituaries  ELLISON, Vernon Etherington. b. Vernon 1899. d. Oyama 22 February  1989. Survived by wife Mabel; son Kenneth; daughter Mary.  ERAUT, Vandla. b. Grand Forks 1903. d. Penticton 12 April 1988. Predeceased by husband Frank in 1979. Survived by son Claire; daughter Jean  LaRose.  EYRE, Gladys, b. Wrothem, England 1 December 1988. d. Penticton 15  December 1988.  FARRALLY, Betty Hay. b. England 1916. d. Kelowna 9 April 1989. Survived by son Richard.  FELIX, Andy. b. Salmon River 21 March 1916. d. Vancouver 26 January  1989. Survived by daughter Emiline; step-daughters Marjorie Hicks,  Celestine Williams.  FERGUSON, Myrtle, b. 1900. d. Kelowna 14 March 1989. Survived by sons  Glendon, Verne.  FIELD, Edwin Malcolm, b. 1923. d. Kelowna 11 July 1988. Survived by wife  Edna; sons R. George; daughters Heather Raymond, Karen Kraft.  FINDLAY, Judson Victor, b. Manitoba 24 May 1888. d. Penticton 2  February 1989. Survived by wife Iva; sons Raymond, Lome, Kenneth;  daughters Shirley Carley, Evelyn McWhinnie, Marie Lofgren.  FINLAYSON, Blanche Irene, b. Grindrod 26 December 1900. d. Salmon  Arm 24 April 1989. Predeceased by husband Sidney Douglas Finlayson in  1967. Survived by brothers William Monk, John Monk; sister Helen  Drake.  FLEMMING, Rev. Samuel J. E. b. Assiniboia, Saskatchewan 1895. d. White  Rock, B.C. 28 September 1988. Survived by wife Florence; sons Bill,  Keith Soole; daughters Donna Lee, Margaret LaMarre.  FLUNDRA, Maureen Shirley, b. Shepenge, Alberta 13 June 1934. d. Vernon  13 March 1989. Survived by husband John; sons Dan, Daryl; daughters  Cathy Sztym, Loris Euchert.  FREEMAN, Cable Alfred, b. Penticton October 1924. d. Penticton 29 July  1988. Survived by wife Edith; step-daughters Arlea Macko, Shelly Carruthers, Lanajames.  FRETWELL, Michael Robert, d. Vanderhoof, B.C. 27 September 1988. Survived by wife Linda; son Christopher.  FUHR, John Jacob (Jack), b. 1916. d. Richmond 26 March 1989. Predeceased by first wife Helen in 1982. Survived by wife Coraleigh; sons  Douglas, Alan; daughter Dawne Parker.  GADDES, Charles Drummond. b. 1901. d. Kelowna 28 September 1988. Survived by wife Jean; son Bill; daughter Barbara Horton.  GRAVES, Kenneth Richard, d. Kelowna 5 January 1989. Survived by wife  Nellie.  GRAY, Florence Edith, b. 1918. d. Kelowna 20 September 1988. Predeceased  by husband Ernie in 1963. Survived by sons Walter, Chic; daughter Laura  Doncom.  HADDEN, Ian Buchanan, d. Kelowna 13 January 1989. Survived by wife  Gillian; son David Allister; daughters Janet, Ruth, Carol, Lesley.  HADWELL, William, b. Worcestershire, England 1909. d. Penticton 6  January 1989. Survived by sons William John, Robert James; daughters  Hilda Swetz, Betty Bell.  176 Obituaries  HAMBLETON, Jack. b. 1916. d. Sheridan Lake, B.C. 27 May 1988. Survived by wife Lorna; sons Jeff, Jay; daughters Joan Gordon, Jane Jessop.  HAMILTON, Thomas B. b. 1914. d. Kelowna 30 December 1988. Survived  by wife Muriel; sons Brian R., Bruce F.; daughter Gail McCutheon.  HANDLEN, George, b. Wiltshire, England 19 November 1902. d. Kelowna  10 May 1988. Survived by wife Margaret; sons Frank, Billy, George Jr.;  daughters Gabrielle, Pat.  HANDLEN, Minnie M. b. Dawson City, Yukon 14 October 1907. d.  Kelowna 2 April 1989. Predeceased by husband James Archibald in  February 1987. Survived by daughters Lorraine McLarty, Wilma  Newhook.  HARDING, "Lynn" Thomas Llewelyn, b. 1917. d. Kelowna 4 October  1988. Survived by wife Vivian; son Doug; daughters Sidney Rahn, Jan  Tillson, Pat Stewart.  HARVEY, Susan Janet, d. Kelowna 31 January 1989.  HATFIELD, Phillip Charles, b. Penticton 1907. d. Penticton 24 February  1988. Survived by wife Marjorie; son Harley; daughter Glendine Seeley.  HAWKINS, William Denis, b. Douglas Lake, B.C. 13 January 1908. d. Armstrong 27 May 1988.  HENLEY, Ada Mary (nee Bell-Irving), b. Cochrane, Alberta 15 March  1896. d. Kelowna 22 January 1989. Survived by husband Arthur "Archie"; sons Angus, Peter, Ken, David, Frank; daughters Phyllis, Patricia  Moore, Helen Sylvester.  HENLEY, Arthur "Archie" Francis, b. Compton, Quebec 10 January 1899.  d. Kelowna 5 February 1989. Predeceased by wife Ada Mary in January  1989. Survived by sons Angus, Peter, Ken, David, Frank; daughters  Phyllis, Patricia Moore, Helen Sylvester.  HESS, Elfride. b. Germany 1901. d. 27 January 1989. Survived by husband  Emil; sons Herbert, Deitrich.  HOOVER, Marion, b. 1902. d. Kelowna 14 December 1988. Survived by son  Bud; daughter Jean Acres.  HOATH, Lucy Mae. b. Bracebridge, Ontario 4 July 1919. d. Vancouver 4  July 1988. Survived by husband Syd; daughters Sharleen, Lorraine.  HOPWOOD, Maria Angeline. b. Penticton 30 October 1893. d. Vernon 29  March 1989. Predeceased by first husband Isaac Harris, second husband  Edward Willis Hopwood.  HORNBY, Helen Evelyn, b. Wolseley, Saskatchewan 19 August 1905. d.  Armstrong 26 December 1988. Survived by husband Robert "Bob"; son  Eric.  HUSBAND, Dorothy Margaret (nee Buell). b. Brockville, Ontario 1898. d.  Vernon 23 January 1989. Predeceased by husband Lt.-Col. Claude Husband; Survived by daughters Betty Opko, Anne Pearson, Susan Ramsey,  June Chisholm; son William.  JOHNSON, Johan. b. Sweden 23 August 1900. d. Enderby 12 March 1989.  Predeceased by wife Wilhelmina in 1976. Survived by daughter Margaret  Gray.  JONES, Claire Frances Christie, b. Hampshire, England 6 March 1890. d.  Salmon Arm 28 March 1989. Predeceased by husband George Francis  Basil Jones in 1969. Survived by daughters Ursula Hunter, Dulcie Ross.  177 Obituaries  KATO, Hisa (Amah), d. Kelowna August 1988. Survived by Minoru.  KENNEDY, H. Gertrude, d. Kamloops 6 October 1988. Predeceased by husband Alex in 1965. Survived by sons Gordon, Donald; daughter Kathleen  Schreifel.  KIRSCHNER, Anthony (Tony), d. Kelowna 27 January 1989. Survived by  wife Frances; son Frank; daughters Elizabeth Rambold, Kay McEachern,  Frances Leverrier.  KIRSCHNER, Catherine (Kate), b. 1911. d. Kelowna 8 October 1988. Survived by husband Chris; sons Peter, Herbert; daughter Mary-Anna  Fowler.  KITCH, Ferdinand (Fred), b. 1910. d. Kelowna 30 July 1988. Survived by  wife Phyllis; daughter Jean Roth.  KITSON, Phyllis, b. Essex, England 1895. d. Summerland 11 July 1988.  Predeceased by husband Jack in 1957. Survived by son John.  KOWALCHUK, Matilda Ann. b. Saskatchewan 28 November 1908. d. 30  January 1989. Predeceased by husband John in 1979. Survived by son  Alex; daughters Elsie Culos, Alice Williston, Rose Sexsmith, Mary  Hickson.  KUIPERS, Marius L. b. Nymegan Holland 7 March 1897. d. Kelowna  February 1989. Survived by wife Sarie; sons Richard, Ralph.  LAHOWY, Sharon Beverly (nee Irvine), b. Vernon 1938. d. Vernon 4 April  1989. Survived by husband Bill.  LANDSDOWNE, Allan Ernest, b. 1904. d. Kelowna 1 April 1989. Survived  by wife Ivy; sons Edwin, Allan; daughters Alma Moore, Hazel Maxson.  LAROCQUE, Margaret Evelyn Oakland (nee Warner), b. Armstrong 1917.  d. Victoria 8 August 1988. Survived by husband Leo; stepson Jerry; stepdaughters Julie Griffin, Linda York.  LEIN, George, b. Salmon Arm 1908. d. Salmon Arm 1988. Survived by wife  Dora; sons Bob, Welburn; daughters Joan, Gloria.  LEWIS, Victor (Vic) Esmond, b. England 17 March 1896. d. Kelowna 4 October 1988. Survived by wife Winifred.  LOUDON, Archibald (Archie) Ferguson, b. 1921. d. Kelowna 22 September  1988. Predeceased by wife Florence 1972. Survived by sons Morris, Dave;  daughter Diane Buckler.  LUNDEEN, Ruth Orla. b. 1899. d. Kelowna 3 July 1988. Predeceased by  husband Rudolph. Survived by daughter Lietha Wood.  MACK, Flossie Jan. b. Austin, Manitoba 15 January 1888. d. Enderby 13  November 1988. Predeceased by husband William Archibald in 1965. Survived by daughters Irene Imbeau, Eleanor Skyrme.  MANSON, Dolores, b. 1923. d. Kelowna 2 December 1988. Survived by husband Bert; daughters Terry Jeffers; Janice Brewster, Carol.  MARANDA, Sophie, b. 1918. d. Kelowna 23 March 1989. Survived by husband Fred; sons Brian, Glen, Ken, Dale; daughter Marcia.  MARSHALL, Gary Clinton, b. Kelowna 1943. d. Kelowna 26 February  1989. Survived by wife Bettyann; sons Warren, Rod, Denny; daughters  Lisa, Debbie.  MATICK, Blanche Blossom, d. Kelowna 16 November 1988. Predeceased by  husband Nicholas in 1986. Survived by sons David, Paul.  178 Obituaries  MIEKLE, Gordon Gillespie, b. Kelowna 1907. d. Richmond 6 May 1988.  Predeceased by wife Glenys. Survived by daughters Glennys Horn, Wendy  Killeen.  MINETTE, Alam (nee Schelar). b. Pearl Lake, Minnesota 23 September  1895. d. Kamloops 9 January 1989. Predeceased by husband John (Jack)  in July 1970. Survived by son Ron; daughters Alwilda VanRyswyk, June  Iddins.  MITCHELL, Elizabeth Robb (Bessie), b. 1905. d. Kelowna 9 November  1988. Survived by husband Harry, son Grant; daughter Moira.  McCALLUM, Francis, b. Saskatoon, Saskatchewan 1916. d. Victoria 16  December 1988. Survived by wife Elinor; sons Bill, John; daughter Donna Whittet.  McCLELLAND, Gwendoline, b. 1918. d. Kelowna 28 October 1988. Survived by husband Robert; daughter Anne.  McCUDDY,  Arthur,  b.   Portland,  Oregon  27 July   1892.   d.   Oliver  28  November 1988.  McGIE, Walter Ross (Darcy). b. Armstrong 20 November 1898. d. Enderby  4 February 1989.  McKECHNIE,   Graham  Boyd.   b.   22   March   1964.   d.   Armstrong   13  September 1988. Survived by parents John and Shirley; sister Mary Lou.  MacKENZIE, L. Earl. b. Vernon, 6 December 1922. d. Vernon 13 June  1987. Survived by wife Muriel; sons Bill, Arthur.  McQUEEN, Joseph Harold, b. Graysville, Manitoba 26 April 1914. d. Edmonton 23 September 1988. Survived by wife Lillian; son James William;  daughters Grace Delgado, Dene Green, Marjory Ouimette.  NELSON, Robert "Bob" Eric. b. Enderby 19 September 1923. d. Vernon 8  January  1989.  Survived by wife Jean;  son Wayne;  daughter Karen  Siemens.  NEWSOM, Barbara I. (nee Smith), b. Kelowna. d. Kelowna 10 July 1988.  Survived by husband Jack.  NICHOL, Esther G. b. 1901. d. Victoria, B.C. 21 March 1989. Predeceased  by husband William in 1961. Survived by son Ian; daughters Jean Pog-  gemiller, Dorothy Garbutt.  OGASAWARA, Shigeto (Sig) George, b. Duncan, B.C. 5 February 1912. d.  Vernon 25 March 1989. Survived by wife Amy; son Normie.  OGDEN, Ruth Adeline, b. Lacombe, Alberta 27 May 1911. d. Richmond,  B.C.  30 July 1988.  Survived by husband Ronald; daughter Yvonne  Braithwaite.  O'KEEFE, Mary Elizabeth (Betty) (nee Neave). b. Kelowna 1925. d. North  Vancouver 9 March 1989. Survived by husband Tierney; sons D'Arcy,  Kevin, Casey; daughters Eileen Guiliani, Kathleen.  OSBERG, Ruth. b. Sweden 22 October 1895. d. Kelowna 7 April 1989.  Predeceased by husband Lars in 1952. Survived by son Vern; daughters  Phyllis Brooks, Jean Johnson, Joyce Mitchell.  PARKER, Murray, b. Armstrong 1930. d. Kelowna 9 July 1988. Survived by  wife Jean; son Bill; daughter Vicki McKay.  179 Obituaries  PARKINSON, Michael James, b. Armstrong 3 January 1960. d. Mara Lake  22 December 1988. Predeceased by mother Patricia. Survived by father  Jack; brothers Richard, Lyle; sisters Catherine Zadorozny, Morgan Leigh  Parkinson.  PATERSON, John (Jock), b. Stirling, Scotland 14 May 1914. d. Vernon 22  October 1988. Survived by wife Evelyn; daughters Valerie Prouty,  Heather Fearn, Jean Fouty, Cathy Talkington.  PEARSON, Marion (nee Davy), b. Kelowna 1909. d. Kelowna 20 November  1988. Predeceased by husband Harry in 1971. Survived by daughter Betty  Overland.  PETCH, Agnes Gertrude, b. 1900. d. Kelowna 12 December 1988. Predeceased by husband William in August 1969. Survived by sons Lawrence,  Douglas; daughter Dolores Meynell.  PHILPOTT, Cecil Ernest, b. Kelowna 1918. d. Kelowna 29 September 1988.  Survived by son Monte; daughters Edithe Ross, Patricia Philpott, Joanne  Vacmanus.  PHIPPS, Robert, b. 1908. d. Kelowna 4 May 1987. Survived by wife Elsie.  PITTENDRIGH, Kathleen (Kaye). d. Kelowna 7 April 1989. Predeceased  by husband Thomas Stephen. Survived by son Scott; daughters Heather,  Jill.  RABOCH, Henry Elmer, b. Enderby 4 October 1930. d. Enderby 27 January  1989. Survived by wife Frances; daughters Gloria Davyduke, Cheryl  Norgen, Rosalie Aspinall.  RABOCH, Jerry Richard, b. 1902. d. Vernon 15 April 1989. Survived by wife  Anne; sons Alvin, Gerald.  RAMBOLD, Anna Eva. b. 1900. d. Kelowna 6 May 1988. Survived by son  Nick, daughters Eleanor Wallace, Eva Volk, Margaret Locke.  RANKIN, Eva Christina, b. 1907. d. Kelowna 11 June 1988. Survived by son  Howard.  REISWIG, Daniel, b. 1897. d. Kelowna 22 August 1988. Survived by wife  Luch; sons Wilfred, Harvey, Edgar; daughters Helyne Wageman, Alfreda  Roberts, Nancy McDonagh.  ROBINSON, Muriel, b. Lemberg, Saskatchewan 13 June 1907. d. Kelowna 8  October 1988. Survived by husband Ernest; son Bryan.  ROLKE,  Nellie  Marie (nee Ryder),  b.  Kelowna  1944.  d.  Kelowna 8  September 1988. Survived by husband Maurice; sons Richard, Jim.  ROWED, Dr. Robert B. b. 1915. d. Penticton 1 November 1988. Survived by  wife Roma; sons Jim, Doug, Mark; daughters Cathy Hawkins, Nancy  Moore, Susan, Roma Falconer.  RUTH, Donald Fred. b. Vancouver 19 May, 1919. d. Vancouver 10 April  1989. Survived by wife Lilian; sons Robin, Derek.  SAKALS, Bruno Eugene, b. Germany 13 November 1904. d. Vernon 18  January 1989. Survived by wife Vivian; son Leslie; daughter Fay Ramsey;  stepsons Terry, Daryl, and Rick Neild.  SAKAMOTO, Hiroshi (Rosh). b. Kelowna 1922. d. Kelowna 2 July 1988.  Survived by wife Frances; son Blaine; daughter Patricia Scherman.  SAKAMOTO, Tadashi. b. 1920. d. Port Moody 28 January 1989. Survived  by daughter Anne Motozono.  180 Obituaries  SASGES, Gladys Elizabeth (nee Bickert). b. 1927. d. Vernon 9 July 1988.  Survived by husband Al; sons Murray, Michael, Gerard, Brennan;  daughters Judy Scott, Myra Elamatha, Veronica, Joan, Mary Burns,  Margaret Mondock.  SEATON, William Lyle Sr. b. Vernon 1903. d. Vernon 8 May 1989.  Predeceased by wife Madge in 1962. Survived by sons Peter, Bill.  SEDDON, Norbert Robert, b. 1915. d. Kelowna 24 February 1989. Survived  by wife Olive; sons Rocky, Flynn.  SELZLER, Pius Francis (Pete), b. 1910. d. Kelowna 3 November 1988. Survived by wife Emily; daughters Janet Knorr, Beverley Wostradowski,  Sharon Hallam.  SEXSMITH, George Clifton (Geordie). b. Sexsmith, Alberta 28 September  1911. d. Penticton 11 April 1989. Survived by wife Tozie; Son Donald;  daughter Lynn Poitras.  SHARPLES, Richard Edward, b. Foam Lake, Saskatchewan 2 April 1905. d.  Kelowna 24 March 1989. Survived by wife Mary; sons Dick, John, David;  daughters Helen, Mabel.  SHELLEY, Harold Edward, b. 1907. d. Kelowna 23 November 1988.  Predeceased by first wife Ellen in 1973. Survived by wife Nan; sons  Lawrence, Harold Jr., Brian; daughter Lois Chenells; stepdaughters Barbara Himmer, Cora Chilton.  SHELLEY, James Gerald Arthur (Jerry), b. Kelowna 1926. d. Kelowna 12  December 1988. Survived by wife Verna; sons Wayne, Merle; daughter  Wanda Simpkins; stepsons Hugh Tomlinson, Mike Tomlinson; stepdaughter Peggy Speer.  SILUCH, Kathleen Marguerite, b. 1934. d. Kelowna 16 November 1988.  Survived by husband Dr. Kazie Siluch; sons Gary, Paul; daughters  Heather, Kim.  SIMPSON, Nathaniel Vernon "Vern". b. Gagetown, New Brunswick 14  October 1898. d. Oliver 7 March 1989. Survived by wife Dorothy; son  Vernon.  SKYRME, Ernest Archibald, b. Armstrong 9 September 1914. d. Vancouver  5 April 1989. Survived by wife Eleanor; son Norman; daughters Gail  Verhoeven, Lorna Gibson.  SPELAY, William, b. Ukraine 1898. d. Armstrong 31 December 1988. Survived by wife Annie; sons David, Jim.  STEELE, Elizabeth (Bethel) Alexandria (nee Wallace), b. 1905. d. Kelowna  12 February 1989. Survived by husband O.C. (Monk) Steele; son John;  daughter Georgiena Almond.  STEUART, William Alexander (Bud), b. Summerland 10 August 1915. d.  Summerland 2 July 1988.  STOWARDS, Martha Jane. b. Keefers, B.C. 1898. d. Enderby 4 October  1988. Predeceased by husband Robert Harold in 1978. Survived by sons  Harry, Kenny, Dick, Harold; daughters Patsy Donaldson, Marion Ryan,  Irene Ewing, Reta Vatkin.  S WALL WELL, William (Billy), b. Vernon 1884. d. Vernon 15 February  1989. Predeceased by wife Anne in October 1988. Survived by daughters  Marguerite Marchand, Alvina Lum.  181 Obituaries  TAMAKI, Kuni. d. Kelowna 20 August 1988. Predeceased by wife Etsusu in  1957.   Survived by sons Takeo,  Shige,  Shiro,  Richard;  survived by  daughters Teruko Hikuchi, Sayo Kobayashi, Ruth Simpson.  TATLOW, Kenneth Charles, b. 1917. d. Kelowna 16 March 1989. Survived  by wife Daphne; daughter Sally Renton.  TERADA, Toshiko. b. Skeena River 10 December 1934. d. Kelowna 24  December  1988.   Survived  by  husband  George;   sons  Blake,   Ricky;  daughters Lani, Darlene.  TEWARD, Clarence James, b. Armstrong 1 July 1914. d. Kelowna 10 March  1989. Predeceased by first wife Edna in 1976. Survived by wife Betty;  daughter Chris Vetter; stepchildren Julie, Lisa, Louise, Chris, Doug.  THOMAS, William, b. Enderby 1 May 1909. d. Enderby 12 January 1989.  Survived by sons John, Lloyd; daughters Millie Brown, Jean Brown.  TRONSON, George Forbes, b. Vernon 1920. d. Kelowna 4 February 1989.  Survived by wife Josephine; sons Ron, Vern, Paul, Bob, Louie, Larry,  Don; daughters Betty, Louise.  TUCKER, Edith Emily, b. Swindon, England 29 October 1905. d. Kelowna  6 March 1989. Survived by son Gordon; daughter Kaye.  TURNER, Richard George, b. Summerland 3 January 1902. d. Princeton 12  February 1989.  Survived by sons Richard, Frank; daughter Barbara  Pistak.  VLIET, Bertha Emily (nee Reed), b. Oxbow, NWT 16 February 1895. d.  Armstrong, 9 September 1988. Predeceased by husband Jesse in 1982.  Survived by son Ernie; daughters Maxine Hayward, Ruth Oner, Esther  Palmer.  WARREN, Russell Austin, d. Kelowna 27 January 1989. Survived by wife  Florence; daughters Joyce Gilchrist, Lorraine Braden.  WHILLIS,  Phyliss Amelia Helen,  b.   1903.  d.  Kelowna  19 July  1987.  Predeceased by husband Robert. Survived by stepdaughter Elspeth; stepson R.G. (Jim).  WHITBREAD, Miles Thomas, b. England 1909. d. Armstrong 12 January  1989. Survived by wife Joan; son Michael; daughters Barbara Teegen,  Joyce Hare.  WIGGLESWORTH,   Richard   Howard,   d.   Kelowna  8 January   1989.  Predeceased by wife Kathrina in 1980. Survived by son Roger; daughters  Betty, Beverley, Barbara.  WILLIAMS,   Mary  Louise,   b.   1890.   d.   Kelowna  20  February   1989.  Predeceased by husband Gus.  WILMOT, Ashley Douglas Kidd (Doug), b. 1912. d. Kelowna 23 November  1988. Survived by wife Nancy; daughters Shona Gates, Tianne Pringle.  WITT, Sybil, b. 1912. d. Veteran, Alberta 16 August 1988. Predeceased by  husband Neil in 1978. Survived by daughters Gail Coleman, Noel Errol.  WOODS, Barbara (nee Phillips), b. Armstrong 20 April 1938. d. Victoria 2  February 1989. Survived by husband Tad; daughter Terri.  WOULD, Kathleen Frances (Kay), b. 1919. d. Kelowna 18 December 1987.  Survived by husband Norton; sons Robert, Gordon; daughters Carol  Thompson, Barbara Schaefer.  ZAHARA, Peter (Pete), b. 1916. d. Kelowna 27 November 1988. Survived by  wife Emma; sons Dennis, Randy; daughter Judy Kirby.  182 Business & Activities  of the Okanagan  NOTICE  of the 65th Annual General Meeting  of  Okanagan Historical Society  1990  Notice is hereby given that the Annual Meeting  of the Okanagan Historical Society  will be held  Sunday, May 6, 1990  at 10 a.m.  in the C.P.R. Station, Oliver  Luncheon 12:30 p.m.  in  Canadian Legion Hall  Main Street, Oliver, B.C.  All Members are Welcome  183 THE 64th ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING  MINUTES OF THE 64th ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING OF THE  OKANAGAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY  IN ARMSTRONG, B.C.  Sunday, May 7th, 1989  President Dorothy Zoellner called the meeting to order at 10:00 a.m. A  minute of silence was observed in memory of those who had died since the last  Annual Meeting. Seventy members attended the business session.  1 NOTICE OF CALL was read by the secretary. Agenda was presented by  the chairman and accepted on motion by J. W. Green, seconded by Hubert  Peterson.  2 MINUTES of the 63rd Annual Meeting as printed in the 52nd Report  were adopted on motion by H. Weatherill, seconded by K. Ellison.  3 BUSINESS ARISING out of Minutes: from item 8(a) - Salmon Arm  Branch members Mrs. Y. McDonald and Mrs. J. Idington have project in  hand.  4 CORRESPONDENCE dealt with to date by Executive Council.  5 REPORTS OF OFFICERS to be printed in 53rd Report. Delivered by:  President    Dorothy Zoellner  Editor J. Webber (retiring) and Robert Cowan  Secretary    Robert Marriage  These reports accepted on motion by W. Whitehead, seconded by C.  MacNaughton.  Treasurer      Phyllis MacKay  The audited financial statement by Lett, Trickey & Co. for year ended  December 31, 1988 was accepted on motion by the Treasurer, seconded by  E. Peterson.  6 BRANCH REPORTS AND SPECIAL COMMITTEES to be printed in  53rd Report. Delivered by:  Oliver-Osoyoos Jean Webber  Penticton    David MacDonald for Phil Stannard  Kelowna    Secretary for Denis Maclnnis  Vernon    Robert dePfyffer  Armstrong-Enderby Jessie Ann Gamble  Salmon Arm   Joan Idington for Yvonne McDonald  Index    D. MacDonald advised all copies of Index 1-50 sold.  Pandosy Mission    F. Pells  Promotion    B. Webber  Brigade Trail      P. Tassie  Cascade Wilderness    M. Orr for O.S.P. Soc'y  Bagnall Fund    R. Robey  Finance      R. Robey  Essay Contest J. Tait  These reports accepted on motion by W. Whitehead, seconded by C.  MacNaughton.  184 O.H.S. Business  7 UNFINISHED BUSINESS Award to O.H.S. by Regional History Committee of Canadian Historical Society - see Lunch Program note appended  to these minutes.  8 NEW BUSINESS  a) 1989 O.H.S. Field Day will be held at Molson, Wash. Organized by  Penticton and Oliver-Osoyoos Branches, acknowledging the courtesy of  members of the Okanogan County Historical Society.  b) Trails Committee:  Moved by G. Thomson, seconded by R. Robey that the Brigade Trail  Committee be a standing committee with valley-wide representation  designated to look after the Brigade Trail status and to represent the  O.H.S. on all matters re The Trail. Carried.  c) Okanagan Military Museum:  Moved by P. Tassie, seconded by H. Powley that Mr. Pat Carew be  appointed as the Society's representative on the board of the Okanagan  Military Museum Society. Carried.  9 ELECTION OF OFFICERS Nominations Chairman Ermie Iceton being  unavoidably absent, Hume Powley (Past President) conducted the elections. A full slate was elected by acclamation as follows:  President      Bernard Webber  1st Vice-president    Wm. Whitehead  2nd Vice-president      Robt. dePfyffer  Secretary (pro tern)    Robt. Marriage  Treasurer      Phyllis MacKay  Editor    Robt. Cowan  Public Relations Director      vacant  10 APPOINTMENT OF AUDITOR Moved by Treasurer, seconded by R.  dePfyffer that Lett, Trickey & Co. be re-appointed auditors. Carried.  11 COMPLIMENTARY RESOLUTIONS Moved by Secretary, seconded  by L. McCormick that the complimentary resolutions follow the usual format. Carried.  12 SETTING DATE & PLACE OF NEXT ANNUAL MEETING Moved  by J. Webber, seconded by A. Holt that the 65th Annual Meeting be  hosted by the Oliver-Osoyoos Branch on Sunday, May 6th 1990. Carried,  see notice of call in 53rd Report.  ADJOURNED 11:45  R. F. Marriage, Secretary  185 O.H.S. Business  LUNCH AND PROGRAM  AT 64th ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING, MAY 7th, 1989  The singing of "O Canada" accompanied by Shirley Danallanko was  followed by the grace said by Mr. Jim Sharman. Mayor Eric Hornby of Armstrong offered an address of civic welcome to 135 members and guests. A  delightful meal was served by Armstrong Catering.  Ten Life Members present were recognized and two new Life Members  were presented with certificates: Jessie Ann Gamble, president of the local  branch, and Dorothy Hewlett Gellatly of Westbank, unable to attend. Mr.  Powley accepted the scroll on her behalf. A Special Award of Merit was made to  Jean Webber, retiring as Editor after six years in the position.  Dr. Margaret Ormsby presented the Certificate of Merit from the Canadian Historical Association to Dorothy Zoellner, OHS President. The Canadian  Historical Association wished to acknowledge "the Society's involvement with  history, its preservation, and promotion".  The winners of this year's J.W.B. Browne/CKOV Award for the best student essays were two brothers, Richard and Dale Kort, both students at the  KLO Secondary School, Kelowna.  Guest speaker Ray Brown-John of Langley gave a brief and amusing talk  on his own specialty, the appraisal and restoration of antique stoves, and the art  of recording local history.  Dr. Margaret Ormsby (left) presenting The Certificate of Merit from the Canadian Historical  Association to Dorothy Zoellner, OHS President, at the Annual General Meeting in May. (Photo  by Jessie Ann Gamble)  186 O.H.S. Business  PRESIDENT'S REPORT - Okanagan Historical Society - May 7, 1989  To the Members of the Okanagan Historical Society:  Ladies and Gentlemen:  May 1, 1988, our last Annual General Meeting was hosted by the Kelowna  Branch and President Denis Maclnnes. Since then, your Executive has held  three meetings. I have attended meetings of the Father Pandosy Mission, Trails  and Financial Advisory Committees, and I thank the Chairmen of these committees — Mr. Frank Pells, Mr. Peter Tassie and Mr. Ron Robey for all their  hard work. Promotions Chairman, Mr. Bernard Webber has also devoted much  time and effort to the marketing of our Reports. Jack Tait has chaired a most successful essay competition.  Congratulations to Mrs. Jean Webber on an excellent 52nd Report, her  sixth Report as Editor. It is due to Jean's work that we have been honoured by  several awards, the most recent from the Canadian Historical Society. Jean is  retiring as Editor this year, and we welcome Mr. Bob Cowan to this important  position. Bob has already chaired one workshop on the Report and has planned  a second one.  During the past year, I have attended our enjoyable Field Day at the  Haney House, hosted by the Salmon Arm Branch, and represented the OHS at  the Annual Meeting of the Boundary Historical Society in Greenwood. An exceptional experience was the day spent at Commando Bay, where a plaque was  unveiled to the 13 Chinese-Canadian Commandos who trained there, north of  Naramata, for a Secret Mission. Ten of the thirteen were reunited for the first  time in 44 years.  The Heritage Society of B.C. is holding its annual meeting the end of May  in Kelowna, and the OHS has been represented at planning sessions with our  members responsible for bus tours. The OHS has also supported Mike Roberts  and CHBC TV in its application for change of status.  Thanks go to the Armstrong-Enderby Branch and President Jessie Ann  Gamble for hosting our 64th Annual Meeting today!  I thank you for the honour you have bestowed on me these past two years  as your President. My astonishment has increased at the work done by each of  our six branches, and I thank each one of you for your dedication.  Therein lies the strength of the OHS. Our Society faces an ongoing  challenge. We look back over 64 years of foundation work, a Society carefully  nurtured by our members. As I said at the last Workshop, "We may be on the  right track, but we'll get run over if we just stand there!"  In our Constitution are the four aims; to stimulate, to promote, to record,  to co-operate. As Society members, we must take a very active role in each of  our communities, if our Society is to survive. Don't be backward about keeping  the OHS name in front of the public! Don't hesitate to tell people what we do  and what we stand fori In our rapidly changing valley, history is being made  every day, and the Okanagan Historical Society is the Guardian of that history!  Please, promote our work whenever you can! Thank you.  Respectfully submitted,  Dorothy J. Zoellner  187 O.H.S. Business  EDITOR'S REPORT 1989  It is an honor and privilege to be selected to succeed Jean Webber as your  editor. Jean has done a tremendous job. Her efforts at obtaining national  recognition of the work of this Society has resulted in numerous awards, and for  this we must be justly proud.  The task of the editor would be impossible without the assistance of the  branch editorial chairmen. They are the ones that encourage research, sift  through the submissions, and provide a sympathetic ear to local writers. Some  of these people have given years to this post, and have decided to retire. I would  like to thank all of the editorial chairmen and especially Hume Powley  (Kelowna), Aileen Porteous (Oliver/Osoyoos), and Carol Abernathy (Vernon)  who are retiring this year. We welcome the new chairmen: Art Strandquist  (Kelowna), Doris McDonald (Oliver/Osoyoos), Beryl Wambolt (Vernon), and  Florence Farmer (Salmon Arm). A special thanks goes to Lorna Carter of Armstrong who has generously donated her time to help type and prepare the 53rd  Report.  It has been my pleasure to attend each of the Branch Annual General  Meetings this spring. I was impressed by the diversity of the branches. I was  equally impressed by a common concern: the decline in sales of the Report.  To address this concern a Workshop was held on March 3rd in Kelowna  on Marketing the Report. Such was the positive response to the ideas expressed  there that a follow-up workshop has been scheduled for June 3rd.  The B. C. Historical News is planning to devote an entire issue to Okanagan  history in the next year. Your president requested that I liaison with Winston  Shilvock in providing the editor with copy. Mr. Shilvock has indicated that a  short history of each community be accompanied by several short articles that  are representative of each of the branches. We shall meet this summer and  determine if there is sufficient interest and material to proceed with this project.  Keep up the excellent historical research and writing. It is always a  pleasure for an editor to have more material than can be put in one Report, thus  insuring that another Report will be necessary.  Bob Cowan, Editor  Jean Webber, left, the retiring Editor, and Bob Cowan, newly elected Editor, at the AGM in May.  (Photo by Jessie Ann Gamble) O.H.S. Business  SECRETARY'S REPORT TO 64th ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING  OF THE OKANAGAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY MAY 7th, 1989  Minutes of the 63rd Annual Meeting including reports by Officers, Committee Chairmen and Branch Presidents are printed in the 52nd Report at page  185. Letters of appreciation were sent as required by your complimentary  resolutions. Requirements of the B.C. Society Act were met. Routine business  of the Society and the Executive Council has been conducted. President  Dorothy Zoellner and other officers and members have been most helpful.  Respectfully submitted,  R.F. Marriage  At the A.G.M. Left to right: Jessie Ann Gamble, a new Life Member; Bob Marriage, Secretary; and  Bernard Webber, President Elect. (Photo by: J. Webber)  189 O.H.S. Business  AUDITORS' REPORT  To the Members of the  Okanagan Historical Society  We have examined the statements of receipts and disbursements for the  general account, the Bagnall Trust and the Editorial Finance Committee of the  Okanagan Historical Society for the year ended December 31, 1988. Our examination was made in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards,  and accordingly included such tests and other procedures as we considered  necessary in the circumstances, except as explained in the following paragraph.  It was not practical to extend our audit procedures sufficiently to satisfy  ourselves as to the fairness of reported revenue from operations.  In our opinion, except for the effects of adjustments, if any, which we  might have determined to be necessary had we been able to carry out the audit  procedures referred to in the preceding paragraph, these financial statements  present fairly the results of the Society's operations for the year ended December  31, 1988, in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles applied  on a basis consistent with that of the preceding year.  LETT TRICKEY & CO.  Chartered Accountants  At the OHS Workshop in March. Ron Robey and Ermie Iceton. (Photo by: J. Webber)  190 O.H.S. Business  OKANAGAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY  STATEMENT OF RECEIPTS AND DISBURSEMENTS  (GENERAL ACCOUNT)  FOR THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 1988  RECEIPTS                                                                                                       19¬Æ8 198/  Memberships and Sales  Armstrong-Enderby-Salmon Arm            2,685.00 1,507.00  Kelowna           3,325.00 5,657.00  Oliver-Osoyoos           3,691.00 500.00  Penticton-Summerland           2,145.00 4,144.00  Vernon           2,221.00 3,835.00  Treasurer and commercial           3,311.00 3,323.00  17,378.00 18,966.00  Interest and exchange           1,025.00 633.00  Donations           3,985.00 3,307.00  22,388.00 22,906.00  DISBURSEMENTS            Fairview Lot Costs  212.00  Father Pandosy Mission tractor  2,000  Index  4,730.00  Annual Meeting                86.00 27.00  Honourarium  250.00  Postage & Office Supplies              510.00 624.00  Printing & Copying         11,036.00 10,491.00  Prizes               264.00 300.00  Storage, insurance and rental              313.00 315.00  Telephone and Miscellaneous              314.00 98.00  12,523.00 19,047.00  EXCESS OF RECEIPTS            OVER DISBURSEMENTS          9,865.00 3,859.00  CASH ON HAND BEGINNING OF YEAR        13,245.00 9,386.00  CASH ON HAND END OF YEAR        23,110.00 13,245.00  RECEIPTS (EDITORIAL FINANCE COMMITTEE)  New Horizons Fund grand  5,415.00  Interest               119.00 224.00  EXPENDITURES                                                                                             119.00 5,639.00  Honorarium  300.00  Office and miscellaneous              321.00 134.00  Printing          2,248.00 2,275.00  Storage and Insurance              200.00 280.00  3,069.00 2,689.00  EXCESS (DEFICIENCY) OF RECEIPTS  OVER DISBURSEMENTS        (2,950.00) 2,950.00  CASH ON HAND BEGINNING OF YEAR  2,950.00          CASH ON HAND END OF YEAR                 NIL 2,950.00  receipts (BAGNALL TRUST)  Interest             214.00 195.00  CASH ON HAND BEGINNING OF YEAR          3,449.00 3,254.00  CASH ON HAND END OF YEAR          3,663.00 3,449.00  191 O.H.S. Business  BALANCE SHEET — Nov. 2/88  OKANAGAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY  EDITORIAL FINANCE COMM. ACCT.  NEW HORIZONS FUND PROJECT #09 No. 3123  Receipts  Initial Cheque #595-7168302  Deposited Royal Trust - Kelowna,  April 1/87 Acct. #2507639  Interest  B.C.  5415.00  343.39  5758.39  Disbursements  Wayside Press - Vernon  4523.06  Book Storage - Vernon Min. Stor.  380.00  Office Supplies  211.78  Insurance - Books - A.E. Berry  250.00  Editors Honorarium  300.00  Telephone (Long Dist.)  87.80  Service Charges R.T. Kel.  5.75  5415.00  343.39  5758.39  5758.39  5758.39  Excess of Receipts Over Disbursements  Cash on Hand  Balance Nov. 2/88 - R.T. Kelowna  0  Account Closed  Hume M. Powley, Treasurer  Left to right: Hume Powley and O. Arthur Strandquist at the Workshop in March. (Photo by  Jean Webber)  192 Reports  of the Brunches  SALMON ARM BRANCH REPORT  In the 46th Report of the OHS, 1982, there is notation to the effect that the  newly formed branch at Salmon Arm was represented at Executive Council  meeting on July 18, 1982, by President Mrs. Helenita Harvey and Director  Earl Tennant. Both of these valued members are gone now, and there is nothing  to indicate why the Salmon Arm Branch never became properly organized. It  has conducted its business at meetings of the Salmon Arm Museum and  Heritage Association, and the branch officers and branch reports submitted to  the OHS were in fact the officers and activities of that association. This has  resulted in a great deal of confusion. Those of us who belong to both organizations raised the issue and tried to clarify the situation. Finally, with the help of  your editor and the president of the Armstrong/Enderby Branch who, on April  18th, came to the annual meeting of the Museum and Heritage Association —  under the impression that it was a meeting of the non-existent Salmon Arm  Branch of OHS — the few members of the OHS present were gathered together  and asked to be officers for the branch, and to please get organized before the  annual meeting. (Thank you, Jessie Ann and Bob.)  Our first meeting was held on April 27th. The six members present all  agreed to the importance of creating a membership large enough to be viable,  and able to justify its existence. The membership will commit itself to trying to  increase interest in The Report, with publicity and by introducing it with enthusiasm to the many persons in the area who are not familiar with it, thus  hopefully increasing sales. We will also talk to pioneers and gather local history,  carrying on the work done by the Museum Association over the years. We will,  if possible, have at least one social event which will bring old-timers together for  visiting and reminiscing. Our area is rich in history, which is very worthy of the  time and energy each of us can contribute, and we hope our group will be  successful.  Respectfully submitted,  Yvonne McDonald, President  193 O.H.S. Reports  ARMSTRONG-ENDERBY BRANCH  PRESIDENT'S REPORT  The Armstrong-Enderby Branch membership is an active and enthusiastic  group. Our Branch has had two general meetings this past year, with various  executive meetings in between. Our first meeting was held in Armstrong to  coincide with the release of the 52nd Report in the fall. Members Bill Whitehead,  Richard McCallum and Eleanor Skyrme spoke on the history of the Stepney  Ranch. The ranch was a large holding of land between Armstrong and Enderby  that was owned by Lord Stepney during the early part of this century. The topic  evoked memories for a number of people in the audience, and their  reminiscences certainly added to the evening's entertainment. Our second  meeting was the annual general meeting and potluck supper, held in Enderby  on March 10, 1989. Two members, Ben Carlson and Winnie Forster, gave  short talks while the special guest speaker was Hugh Caley of Vernon. The  meeting was well-attended and most enjoyable.  Again this year our Branch was able to submit several entries in the Student Essay Contest. Nine Grade 7 students from Len W. Wood Elementary and  six Grade 11 students from Pleasant Valley Secondary School in Armstrong  entered the Junior and Senior Divisions respectively. Our local winners were  Chris Anderson and Robbie Dorran, who tied for first place, with Andrea  Johnson taking third place.  In recent months, all our energies have been focussed on the arrangements  for the Annual General Meeting of the Parent Body. Thanks to a very  cooperative executive and membership, we are able to host this function today.  We are also looking forward to another interesting and active year.  Jessie Ann Gamble, President  VERNON BRANCH ANNUAL REPORT  The Vernon Branch of the Okanagan Historical Society had a very successful year. We had four executive meetings, two bus tours, six general  meetings and an Annual Meeting. Speakers and topics at our general meetings  were: Ken Ellison, "Early Okanagan Post Offices"; Ken Mather, Judy Klassen  and Vicki Green, "When to Educate People on History"; Bob Hayman,  "More Ferry Tales"; Jack Morrison and Bill Shillam, "My Car Won't Run";  Dr. Bill Hamilton, "Are We Protecting the Valley Jewels?"; and Sue Steinke,  "Vernon's Defeat, July 19, 1894".  At our Annual Meeting we had our second annual potluck supper. Bob  Cowan, the new editor of OKANAGAN HISTORY, gave a slide presentation on  the "History of Enderby".  On our first guided bus tour last spring we followed the old Hudson's Bay  Brigade Trail down the west side of Okanagan Lake from the O'Keefe Ranch to  Kelowna. In the fall we toured the Northern Okanagan Commonage Reserve.  194 O.H.S. Reports  In addition to the meetings and tours, last summer many of our members  attended the Society's annual field day and picnic at the R.J. Haney Heritage  Park in Salmon Arm. Also two of our members acted as guides for the Kelowna  Branch's bus tour of the Hudson's Bay Brigade Trail last fall.  In November our Branch donated $100.00 to help defray the costs of the  Community Pride Seminar held at the Vernon Lodge. Many of our members  attended this workshop on Heritage Preservation.  Book and Report sales were down during the past year. Hopefully corrective measures to improve our sales will be taken in the future.  In closing I would like to thank my Executive and the Branch members for  their support. I would especially like to thank our guest speakers, who so  generously donated of their time, to make our general meetings interesting and  enjoyable.  Robert de Pfyffer, President.  KELOWNA BRANCH ANNUAL REPORT  It has been a busy year. We held 7 executive meetings as well as the Annual General Meeting. A bi-yearly newsletter has kept members informed of  Branch activities.  In conjunction with the Kelowna Museum we put together 2 bus tours.  The spring tour covered the Peachland area. The fall tour followed the Brigade  Trail to the O'Keefe Ranch and returned by way of the Commonage. This tour  was so successful that we are repeating it in May and it is completely sold out.  We continue to co-sponsor with the Okanagan College a five part Fall Lecture Series. These lectures continue to be well attended and we are pleased with  the quality of speakers we have been able to attract.  Our Street Names Committee is actively at work compiling information on  the time from the beginning of Kelowna until 1945. This work will be published  in book form in the near future.  Julie Renaud our Public Relations person writes a monthly column in the  Courier as well as producing Channel 11 programs on local history.  Our branch promotes locally for the Parent Body the Essay Competition  for secondary school students. We are pleased to have the continued support of  Chairman Jack Tait for this worthwhile project.  Several of our members are on the Father Pandosy Committee and the  Guisachan Park Planning Committees and continue to dedicate many hours of  service to these projects.  The 52nd Report "OKANAGAN HISTORY" has been well received  and we are very grateful to Mrs. Jean Webber for her many years as editor.  We are grateful to members for continuing dedication. Special thanks to  my executive for without them none of this could be possible.  Respectfully submitted  Denis Maclnnis  195 O.H.S. Reports  PENTICTON BRANCH ANNUAL REPORT  The Penticton Branch held three general meetings and three director's  meetings during the year. In June our Branch organized a bus tour to places of  historical interest in the Penticton area. Thirty-five people took the tour and a  number of pioneers including Louise Gabriel, Hugh Cleland, Joe Harris, Alan  Roadhouse and Joe Biollo acted as guides.  At the fall meeting, Mel Turner of B.C. Forestry spoke about the current  status of the Cascade Trails. At the winter meeting, Ted Swales of Kaleden gave  an excellent illustrated history of fruit growing in the Okanagan. Guest speaker  at the annual meeting was Bob Cowan, newly appointed editor of the Annual  Report.  The branch promoted the sale of the 52nd, and earlier reports at the  meetings, in local book stores and in mall sales. Essay material was distributed  to schools in the Penticton and Summerland areas.  Phil Stannard  Elizabeth Pryce (Betty Bork) and Molly Broderick at the AGM in May. (Photo by: J. Webber)  196 O.H.S. Reports  OLIVER-OSOYOOS PRESIDENT'S REPORT  The Oliver-Osoyoos Branch of the Okanagan Historical Society held two  regular members' meetings and two executive meetings during the past year.  The guest speaker at our fall meeting was Mike Sarell, a local naturalist,  who spoke about creatures unique to our area. At our Annual Meeting held in  April Bob Cowan gave a very interesting account of the history of Enderby. One  of Bob's stories was about one of the Valley's first stage drivers. At the end of  the talk we were very happy to introduce Bob to the son of that driver, Mr. Bert  Hall.  Our Branch has been quite successful in selling past OHS reports in  bundles. Some have been sold at local fairs and one member has sold a number  to local motels. Our Treasurer always makes sure that each bundle of 4 contains  a copy of the 47th Report of which we have so many.  The site of the Fairview Presbyterian Church continues to be a popular  stopping place. Last year between 400 and 500 visitors signed the guest book.  About two months ago Carleton MacNaughton was invited by the Oliver  Heritage Society to represent our Branch at a meeting with officials from the  Ministry for Crown Lands to walk over the Fairview Townsite and determine  just how much land should be reserved for heritage purposes. Some 20 or so  acres adjacent to the two OHS lots were indicated. However, since that time the  town of Oliver and Regional District have shown an interest and application has  been made for the reservation of a considerably larger property for recreational  and park use.  Several years ago Ermie Iceton worked very hard at getting a list of all  those buried in the Fairview cemetery. Recently Carleton MacNaughton has  learned that the cemetery was never registered as such. This matter is being  pursued.  We are pleased to report that we have printed and sold 50 copies of a  manuscript written by Ed Lacey, Doug and Dorothy Fraser, SETTLEMENTS  ON KRUGER AND RICHTER MOUNTAINS.  Jean Webber  Bill Estabrook and Buddy MacNaughton at the AGM in May. (Photo by: J. Webber)  197 O.H.S. Reports  FATHER PANDOSY MISSION COMMITTEE ANNUAL REPORT  Three students were hired through the Challenge 88 Program to serve as  tour guides and to assist our caretaker Judy Toms in light maintenance work.  They recorded over 6000 visitors during the summer. Visitors  donated $4675.00 during that time.  We have again applied for students through the Challenge 89 Program but  have been restricted to two. This is due to the increased demand for students  and a limited program budget.  We have received our long term Site Planning Report and a Domestic  Water Study Report ( the latter funded by ourselves). We are now seeking funds  for the first step in the long term site development (a dependable water supply).  The financial statement to date shows a balance of $4685.95. Expenditures  (primarily the engineering report) of approximately $1000.00 were recorded  during the winter season.  Committee members, reinforced by Knights of Columbus volunteers, continue to provide work parties for maintenance and upkeep of the site. Special  reference must be made of two committee members. Tilman Nahm, a most  valuable and dependable member, gave unstintingly of his time and his orchard  equipment, and Bob Marriage, along with his work as Parent Body Secretary,  always found time to maintain minutes of our meetings and to attend faithfully  all the work parties.  Respectfully submitted,  F.J.Pells, Committee Chairman  198 O.H.S. Reports  FATHER PANDOSY MISSION COMMITTEE  OKANAGAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY  Statement of Receipts and Disbursements  January 1 to December 31, 1988  HERITAGE TRUST ACCOUNT:  Balance as at January 1st, 1988  $ 1,105.56  DISBURSEMENTS:  Consultation Fees-J. Baker  $1,100.00 5.56  GENERAL ACCOUNT:  Balance as at January 1st, 1988   RECEIPTS:  Donations at Mission   Make Work Grants    DISBURSEMENTS:  Photography   Photocopying   Stationery   Repairs and Renewals   Supplies    Refurbishing Pictures   Fountain   Binding Reports   Light & Power   Telephone Costs   CPP&U.I.C       $ 651.03  Less Contributions  294.32  Working Supplies   Wages   Donation Box    Miscellaneous   Balance as at December 31st, 1988   RECONCILIATION:  Bank Balance as at December 31/88  Less Ck.O/S #218    $ 4,369.26  $4,675.23  7,246.00  $11,921.23  16,290.49  $  45.00  165.00  455.68  288.12  156.03  129.32  108.33  110.00  242.92  226.06  356.71  430.07  7797.60  53.42  66.30  10,630.55  5,659.94  $5,665.50  $ 5,681.56  $ 16.06  16.06  $ 5,665.50  199 O.H.S. Reports  BRIGADE TRAIL COMMITTEE ANNUAL REPORT  The committee has the responsibility of dealing with public agencies and  land owners, in order to protect the Okanagan Brigade Trail and other  historical trails in the Okanagan. Going beyond this responsibility, we hope not  only to protect the trails, but also have them dedicated for public use, and integrated with local recreational systems.  The principal activity during the past year has been to secure recognition  and status for the Okanagan Brigade Trail in the Regional District of Central  Okanagan. To that end the chairman presented a brief at the Public Hearing in  February for the Official Community Plan for the Westside area. While our  position was not completely supported by the Regional Board, we did attain  some of our objectives. As a result: (1) any development in the vicinity of the  trail must be referred to the Society for their comments, (2) the Regional Board  may require that the trail be dedicated for public use, and (3) in certain areas a  comprehensive park plan must be prepared which must consider the integration  of the Okanagan Brigade Trail with walking or riding paths.  If the committee is continued in the coming year their activities might include (1) the identification, recognition and preservation of the Okanagan  Brigade Trail in the Regional District of Okanagan-Similkameen, and (2) taking more tangible steps to ensure the preservation of the trail at Nahun, where  a private land owner is involved, as well as the Ministry of Transportation and  Highways.  As chairman I am indebted to the other committee members for their keen  interest and participation. The members of this committee are Pat Carew,  Harley Hatfield, Jim Horn, Bernard Webber.  Peter Tassie, Chairman  200 OHS LOCAL BRANCH OFFICERS  1989 - 1990  SALMON ARM  PRESIDENT: Yvonne McDonald; VICE-PRESIDENT: Joan Idington; SECRETARY: Irene  Olson; TREASURER: Hjalmar Peterson; DIRECTORS: Don Byers, Florence Farmer, Hubert  Peterson, Elmer Peterson, Jim Shaver; EDITORIAL COMMITTEE: Florence Farmer.  ARMSTRONG-ENDERBY  PRESIDENT: Jessie Ann Gamble; VICE-PRESIDENT: Bill Whitehead; SECRETARY &  PUBLICITY: Judy Reimche; TREASURER: Eleanore Bolton; EDITORIAL COMMITTEE:  Gertrude Peel, Jessie Ann Gamble, Jim Sharman; DIRECTORS: Ted Peel, Pat Romaine; DIRECTORS TO PARENT BODY: Bob Cowan, Jim Sharman.  VERNON  PRESIDENT: Lucy McCormick; VICE-PRESIDENT: Hugh Caley; SECRETARY: Ruth Caley;  TREASURER: Libby Tassie; PAST PRESIDENT: Bob dePfyffer; DIRECTORS: Bud Anderson,  Pat Collins, Stuart Fleming, Jean Humphreys, Doug Kermode, Paddy Mackie, Doug Scott, Lorna  Spelchan; DIRECTORS TO PARENT BODY: Audley Holt, Bob dePfyffer; PUBLICITY: Beryl  Wamboldt; EDITORIAL COMMITTEE: Carol Mellows, Margaret Ormsby, Libby Tassie, Beryl  Wamboldt.  KELOWNA  PRESIDENT: Denis Maclnnis; VICE-PRESIDENT: Julie Renaud; SECRETARY: Sheila  Jackson; TREASURER: Gifford Thomson; PAST PRESIDENT: Dorothy Zoellner; DIRECTORS: Beryl Boyer, Bill Cameron, Pat Carew, Joan Chamberlain, Eric Chapman, Fred Coe,  Robert Hayes, Jim Horn, Bob Marriage, Alice Neave, Frank Pells, Val Rampone, Jack Ritch,  Doreen Tait, Marie Wostradowski, Art Strandquist; EDITORIAL CHAIRMAN: Art Strandquist.  PENTICTON  HONORARY PRESIDENT: Harley Hatfield; HONORARY DIRECTOR: Angie Waterman;  PRESIDENT: Phil Stannard; VICE-PRESIDENT: Olive Evans; SECRETARY: Vacant;  TREASURER: Jack Riley; DIRECTORS: Louise Atkinson, Joe Biollo, Betty Bork, Mollie  Broderick, Hugh Cleland, Doug Cox, Murray Dean, Bob Gibbard, Alan Hyndman, Rosie Hynd-  man, Dune Jamieson, Earl Martin, Polly Stapleton; DIRECTORS TO PARENT BODY: David  MacDonald, Mary Orr; EDITORIAL COMMITTEE: Betty Bork.  OLIVER-OSOYOOS  PRESIDENT: Jean Webber; VICE-PRESIDENT: Vacant; PAST PRESIDENT: Don Corbishley;  RECORDING SECRETARY: Agnes Mabee; TREASURER: Frances Mitchell; CORRESPONDING SECRETARY: Elaine Shannon; PUBLICITY: Ermie Iceton; DIRECTORS: Connie  Cumine, Stanley Dickson, Aileen Porteous, Stella Weatherill, Joan Wight; DIRECTORS TO  PARENT BODY: F.C. MacNaughton, Harry Weatherill; EDITORIAL COMMITTEE: Andre  Flexhaug, Doris McDonald.  201 Membership List 1989  OKANAGAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY  All addresses are B.C. unless otherwise indicated  LIFE MEMBERS  Anderson, Dr. Walter, Kelowna  Berry, Mrs. A. E., Vernon  Broderick, Mrs. Mollie, Okanagan Falls  Buckland, D. S., Okanagan Mission  Cawston, A. H., Keremeos  Christensen, S. L., Vernon  Cleland, Hugh, Penticton  Cochrane, Mrs. Hilda, Vernon  Corbishley, Don, Oliver  Galbraith, Horace W., Vernon  Gamble, Mrs. Jessie Ann, Armstrong  Gardner, Mrs. Beryl, Vernon  Gellady, Mrs. Dorothy, Westbank  Harris, Joe, Penticton  Hatfield, H. R., Penticton  Lewis, Mrs. Dorothy, Osoyoos  MacNaughton, F. Carleton, Oliver  Ormsby, Dr. Margaret, Vernon  Powley, Hume, Kelowna  Robey, Ronald, Vernon  Wamboldt, Mrs. Beryl, Vernon  Waterman, Miss Dolly, Osoyoos  Whitehead, William J., Armstrong  Wilson, Victor, Naramata  INDIVIDUAL MEMBERS  Adam, Mr. & Mrs. E.L., Kelowna  Advocaat, Mrs. Bertha, Keremeos  Akrigg, Helen B., Vancouver  Allen, Mrs. A. W, Langley  Allen, Fred, Vernon  Allen, Herb., Penticton  Allen, Jessie A., Kaleden  Alton, Mrs. G. W, Victoria  Amor, Mrs. Dorothy, Oliver  Anderson, G. E., Vernon  Andrews, George M., Vancouver  Armeneau, Harold, Kelowna  Arnold, Gilbert N., Winfield  Askew, R. L. & D., Salmon Arm  Atkinson, Mrs. Gwendoline, Summerland  Bach, Mrs. Paul, Rudand  Bailey, Barbara, Armstrong  Bailey, Mary E., Lethbridge, Alta.  Baird, Marion EL, Enderby  Baird, Rose E., Enderby  Balcombe, Geoff. & Stella, Vernon  Barber, Ray G., Peachland  Barker, Eileen, Kelowna  Barkwill, H. J., Summerland  Barlee, John W, Westbank  Barry, Mr. Leslie R., North Vancouver  Bartholomew, Kay M., Vernon  Basham, Dave and Betty, Wynndel  Basham, Mr. & Mrs. J. M., Kelowna  Batten, Mrs. Marion, Osoyoos  Battye, Clement, Penticton  Bawtinheimer, Catherine, Armstrong  Bawtree, Alfred, Kamloops  Bawtree, Mrs. C, Enderby  Bawtree, Leonard, Enderby  Bayliss, Mr. & Mrs. G., Vernon  Beairsto, Colin, Kelowna  Beckett, Bernice, Armstrong  Bedford, Ina S., Williams Lake  Bergen, Gary, Vernon  Berry, Eldred, Vancouver  Berry, Mrs. Helen, Winfield  Berry, Mrs. Janet, Oliver  Bertrand, J. A., Peachland  Bessant, Beulah, Killarney, Man.  Bieber, Clarence, Armstrong  Birnie, E. Margaret, Vernon  Blackburn, W. D., Armstrong  Blake, Les, Okanagan Centre  Blow, Robert W, Armstrong  Bogert, Audrey E., Enderby  Bodnar, E., Westbank  Bolton, B. G, New Sarepta, Alta.  Bolton, Bruce & Eleanor, Vernon  Booth, Mrs. Margaret, Salmon Arm  Borkwood, Mr. & Mrs. J. E., Pictou, N.S.  Bosomworth, Ruth, Armstrong  Bowen-Colthurst, T. G., Ladysmith  Boyer, Beryl, Kelowna  202 O.H.S. Membership  Bradley, Mr. & Mrs. T., Summerland  Briscall, Miss CM., Vancouver  Brown, Mrs. Ada, West Vancouver  Brown, Alice, Enderby  Brown, Joseph I., Vernon  Brummet, Frank N., Kelowna  Bull, Mary, Okanagan Mission  Bull, Dr. & Mrs. N., Kansas City, Missouri  Burnett, Evelyn M., Kelowna  Cail, Anna, Vernon  Cain, Mrs. G., Armstrong  Caley, Michael & Patricia, Osoyoos  Caley, Ruth & Hugh, Vernon  Campbell, James A. & Phyllis, Penticton  Campbell, J. F. L., Kelowna  Campbell, Mabel B., Oliver  Campbell, Robert F., Terrace  Campbell-Brown, Mary, Vernon  Cannings, Jean & Steve, Penticton  Carbert, Gordon, Rimbey, Alta.  Carr, Ethyl, Vernon  Casorso, Victor & Joan, Oliver  Carter, Lorna, Armstrong  Catchpole, Diana M., Delta  Chamberlain, Fred & Joan, Kelowna  Chapman, E. I., Kelowna  Chapman, E. W., Kelowna  Chapman, K. D., Armstrong  Charlton, H., Summerland  Chatten, Donna, Vernon  Charman, Barbara, Kelowna  Christenson, D. B., Vernon  Christenson, K. L., Vernon  Christenson, R. G., Vancouver  Christenson, V. T, Vernon  Clarke, Dr. David A., Kelowna  Clarke, K. D, Kelowna  Clayton, Mrs. Caroline, Armstrong  Clayton, R. D. Browne, Kelowna  Claxton, J. J., Burnaby  Cleaver, Bill & Pat, Kelowna  Clerke, Bob, Vernon  Clerke, Dr. A. S., Kelowna  Clerke, Mike & Judy, Vernon  Coe, Mrs. E. W, Kelowna  Coe, Mr. & Mrs. Fred, Kelowna  Cole, Ted, Vernon  Collins, Mrs. Patricia, Vernon  Collinson, Tom, Okanagan Centre  Connell, P. C. G, Vernon  Constable, Mr. & Mrs. Frank, Kelowna  Cools, A. E., Vernon  Corbert, M. E. & C. J., Enderby  Corbishley, Donald, Oliver  Corner, John, Vernon  Countway, Michael J., Gloucester, Ont.  Cousins, Verne M., Peachland  Couves, C. S., Cache Creek  Cowan, Robert & Joan, Enderby  Cox, Doug, Penticton  Cox, Glenn, Penticton  Craig, Alex & Nellie, Vernon  Crane, Percy, Vernon  Crerar, R. D., Gloucester, Ont.  Crerar, Winnifred, Enderby  Cretin, Harry W, Kelowna  Cretin, Mr. & Mrs. Wm. C, East Kelowna  Crosby, Beryl C, Parksville  Crowe, Dora, Parksville  Cull, R. H., Vernon  Cumine, Constance G, Oliver  Davies, Herbert & Ella, Armstrong  Davison, Ruby, Enderby  DAvila, J. M., Oliver  Dawe, A. S., Kamloops  Dearmond, Robert, Sicamous  Dehart, Marjorie, Kelowna  Delcourt, Darryl, Kelowna  Delcourt, Diana, Kelowna  Delcourt, Glenn, Kelowna  DeMontreuil, Mrs. John, Kelowna  Denison, Eric, Vernon  dePfyffer, Robert L., Vernon  Deuling, Phyllis, Lumby  Dickson, Doug, Osoyoos  Dickson, Elaine, Osoyoos  Dillman, Emily, Kelowna  Docksteader, E. S., Armstrong  Doe, Mrs. Margaret C, Salmon Arm  Doeksen, Rijn W. G., Kelowna  Donnelly, John, Vernon  Douglas, George, Vernon  Douillard, Leo L., Kelowna  Doyle, Rev. W. Emmett, Nelson  Duvarney, Mrs. Margaret, White Rock  Earl, Harry, Armstrong  Edwards, Mr. & Mrs. J. T, Vernon  Elliott, Douglas, Oyama  Elliott, Peter, Vernon  Ellison, Kenneth V, Oyama  Embree, Bernard L. M., Coquidam  Emeny, Jim & Alice, Enderby  Esouloff, Lorna, Grand Forks  Estabrooks, D. John, Calgary, Alta.  Estabrooks, Mrs. Lillian, Summerland  Fairweather, Mrs. Irene, Osoyoos  Falconer, Dave, Likely  Falconer, George, Vernon  Farmer, Florence, Salmon Arm  Favali, M., Kelowna  Fenwick-Wilson, J. A., Osoyoos  Ferguson, Don, Vernon  203 O.H.S. Membership  Field, Edna, Kelowna  Findlay, Mr. & Mrs. R. W, Kaleden  Finnerty, Mrs. M. P., Penticton  Fisher, Donald V & Dorothy E., Summerland  Fleming, Mrs. E. M., Vernon  Fleming, John, Vernon  Fleming, Stuart, Vernon  Foord, No rah, Vernon  Forster, R. Anthony, Enderby  Forster, Mrs. Meda W., Penticton  Found, Dr. N. Paul, Kelowna  Francis, Blaine & Alice, Oliver  Frank, Mr. & Mrs. J. F., Oliver  Fraser, Douglas P., Osoyoos  Fraser, Myrde, Vernon  Frederick, Mr. & Mrs. A., Enderby  Freeman, Mrs. Michael, Vernon  French, Margarete, Kingston, Ont.  Fridge, Anne, Peachland  Frost, Wayne, Armstrong  Fulkco, Tom & Myrna, Nakusp  Fuhr, Mrs. Grace, Vernon  Fulton, C. O. & M., Vernon  Gajerski, Mrs. Betty, Kamloops  Gamble, Jessie Ann, Armstrong  Gardner, R. W., Enderby  Gawne, D. H., Penticton  Gibbard, L.A.&V.H, Naramata  Gibson, Paul M., Calgary, Alberta  Gigliuk, George, Vernon  Gillard, D. A., Ottawa, Ont.  Gislason, Dr. & Mrs. L., Orange, Calif,  Glanville, Jim & Alice, Grand Forks  Godwin, W. Lester, Penticton  Gordon, William, Westbank  Gore, Mrs. F, Westbank  Gore, R. C, Kelowna  Gorman, Sean, Vernon  Gorman, Mr. & Mrs. Michael, Vernon  Graham, Beatrice, Mission  Graham, Glenn & Vie, Penticton  Graham, Mrs. Janet, East Kelowna  Graham, Marion H., Victoria  Graham, Mrs. R. T., Kelowna  Green, Gary & Florence, Vernon  Green, James W & Katherine, Vernon  Greenaway, W.J. E., Kelowna  Garlinge, Beth, Peachland  Gartrell, Dr. Beverley, Vancouver  Gellady, Dorothy, Westbank  Green, Vicki, Vernon  Grittner, Alison, Armstrong  Guidi, Rudolph P., Oliver  Hagel, Mary, Vernon  Halksworth, Kathie, Grindrod  Hall, Dennis R., Osoyoos  Hall, Mabel, Kelowna  Hall, R. H., Kelowna  Hammell, Mr. T. C, Penticton  Hamilton, W. D., West Vancouver  Hammond, Stan, Armstrong  Hanet, Mr. & Mrs. Alfred, Kelowna  Hannon, Enid, Vancouver  Hanson, Betty J., Vernon  Hanson, Iver & Mary, Vernon  Harper, H. I. & R., Salmon Arm  Harris, Edith, Vernon  Harris, Mary E., Vancouver  Harris, R. C, West Vancouver  Harrison, Leona, Armstrong  Harrison, Frank, Armstrong  Hardey, Barbara, Vernon  Hartman, Mildred, Armstrong  Hassen, Mat. S., Armstrong  Hawrys, Mrs. & Mrs. G., Grindrod  Hawrys, Joe & Kay, Enderby  Hayes, Robt. M., Kelowna  Hayman, Robt. M., Kelowna  Hayward, Alvin M., Clearbrook  Hepburn, Mrs. Jean, New Westminster  Hermiston, Erita, Summerland  Heywood, Brenda, Dubbo, Australia  Hoey, H., Penticton  Holden, C. W., Delta  Holmes, Brian, Kelowna  Holland, Molly, White Rock  Holmes, Mrs. Mable, Osoyoos  Holt, Mrs. Audley C, Lumby  Hornby, Robert, Armstrong  Hubensky, Kay, Salmon Arm  Hucul, Bill & Nancy, Salmon Arm  Hughes, June, Oyama  Humphrey, Agnes C, Vernon  Humphreys, Mrs. J. I., Vernon  Hunter, Winifred R., Vernon  Iceton, Eddie & Helen, Okanagan Falls  Iceton, Ermie, Oliver  Iceton, Mark & Elaine, Whitehorse, Yukon  Iceton, Russell & Connie, Black Diamond, Alta.  Iceton, Terry & Shirlee, Spruce Grove, Alta.  Iceton, Tim & Lorena, Edmonton, Alta.  Idington, Joan, Tappen  Inkster, Dr. W. Harcus, Vernon  Innes, Ross, Vernon  Innis, D. Ross, Keremeos  Ireland, Mr. & Mrs. J. K. H.,  Queen Charlotte City  Irving, Matthew, Armstrong  Jackson, H. W, Vancouver  Jackson, M., Enderby  Jackson, Sheila, Kelowna  Jackson, S. M., Winfield  204 O.H.S. Membership  Jamieson, Allen, Salmon Arm  Jamieson, Evelyn, Armstrong  Jamieson, Jim M., Armstrong  Jillett, Mr. & Mrs. W H, Osoyoos  Johns, Nancy, Kelowna  Johnson, Janis, Salmon Arm  Johnson, John & Maureen, Falkland  Johnson, Kay, Enderby  Johnson, Mr. & Mrs. R., Okanagan Falls  Johnston, Mr. & Mrs. Lindsay, Armstrong  Jones, Mrs. Kathy, Victoria  Joyce, W. Russ, Kelowna  Kelliher, Heather, Osoyoos  Kennaugh, Mary K., Richmond  Kennedy, Kathleen, Summerland  Kenyon, Nan, Penticton  Kidston, Jean, Vernon  Kilpatrick, Mrs. Dagmar, Vernon  Knowles, C. W., Kelowna  Kooyman, Hanny, Vernon  Kuter-Luks, Peter, Kelowna  Lambert, Ben & Meg, Oliver  Lamont, Eain, Kelowna  Land, Mrs. Anne E., Okanagan Centre  Lander, Mr. & Mrs. Fred, Okanagan Falls  Landon, Mr. & Mrs. G. K., Armstrong  Landon, Gordon L., White Rock  Landon, G. W., White Rock  Larson, A. G, Kelowna  Latrace, Ernest & Ethel, Armstrong  Lauer, Frank J., Summerland  Law, Mr. & Mrs. C. E., Keremeos  Lawrence, George, Keremeos  Leah, Dorothy, 100 Mile House  Leardo, A., Summerland  Leardo, E., Summerland  Leathley, Mrs. Christina, Kelowna  LeBlond, Lillian, Vernon  LeDuc, Burt & Barbara, Kamloops  Leeper, Barry, Vernon  Legg, Peter, Vernon  Leitner, Sylvia, Vernon  Lenzi, P., Summerland  Lewis, Dorothea, Osoyoos  Lewis, J. Lloyd, Vernon  Liefke, Wendy, Armstrong  Litde, M. E., Vernon  Livingston, Blance, Oliver  Lockhart, Jean, Armstrong  Lockerby, Dorothy, Vernon  Lovett, Eileen M., Kelowna  Lutz, Russ, Osoyoos  Mabee, Agnes & George, Midway  Mackie, Patrick, Vernon  Madryga, Marcia, Kamloops  Mallam, Peter, Kelowna  Mallet-Paret, J. CD., Kelowna  Mann, Mrs. Lucy, Vancouver  Manson, Mrs. A., Manitowaning, Ont.  Marriage, Robert F., Kelowna  Marrion, Nancy, L., Vernon  Marriott, Frank & Margaret, Vernon  Marrs, Mr. & Mrs. Brian, Vancouver  Marshall, Dr. James, Summerland  Martin, Russ L., Kelowna  Marty, Arthur E., Kelowna  Mason, Doug, Vernon  Mason, Gladys, Vernon  Matthews, Richard D., Victoria  May, R. Ben, Penticton  May, Ken & Kathleen, Vernon  Mayhead, Mr. & Mrs. J., Auckland, N.Z.  Megaw, Miss Madeline, Vernon  Melling, Mrs. Barbara, Eagle Bay  Mellows, Carol Abernathy, Vernon  Middleton, D., Winfield  Migowsky, Walter, Osoyoos  Milledge, Barbara, Kelowna  Millar, Sam, Kelowna  Miller, D., Summerland  Miller, Dusty, Vernon  Millin, Molly, Chilliwack  Mills, Monica, Vernon  Mitchell, George A., Princeton  Moffatt, Doug, East Kelowna  Moffet, Gord, Penticton  Monford, Ken, Kelowna  Monford, Lome H., Kelowna  Moore, Eric, Penticton  Morgan, Dorothy & Cecil, Summerland  Morrison, J. C, Vernon  Morrow, George, Vernon  Moubray, Philip R., Kelowna  Mueller, Mr. A., Osoyoos  Muir, Jerry, Armstrong  Muir, Terry, Vernon  Munson, Stan & Fenella, Kelowna  Murray, Mrs. Douglas, White Rock  McBeth, Mr. & Mrs. L., Baldonnel  McCall, Carlton, Okanagan Falls  McCormick, Lucy, Vernon  McCoubrey, Mrs. PL, Winfield  McClelland, Robert, Kelowna  McCulloch, Vera, Vernon  McDonald, Colin, Kelowna  McDonald, Y. E., Salmon Arm  McFadden, Harvey, Lumby  McFarlane, Oliver, Kelowna  McFarlane, Ross, Enderby  McGie, W. Ross, Armstrong  MacGinnis, Denis, Kelowna  Mcintosh, R. D., Victoria  205 O.H.S. Membership  Mcintosh, Robert & Isobel, Penticton  Mackay, Gail, Vernon  MacKay, Phyllis, Vernon  McKechnie, John, Armstrong  McKechnie, Mrs. Lily, Armstrong  McKeever, J. L., Vineland Stn., Ont.  MacKenzie, Mrs. D. R., Mission  McLarty, R. Hugh, Kelowna  McLennan, Mrs. E. M., Oliver  McLennan, Donald M., Kelowna  McLeod, Kay, Kelowna  Macleod, Len, Vernon  McMaster, Mrs. Catherine, Kelowna  McMaster, Sheila, Saltspring Island  McMechan, Allan & Marie-Louise,  Summerland  McMechan, Paul, St. Albert, Alta.  McMullen, Ray, Lumby  McMynn, Mr. J. D., Naramata  McMynn, Graham, Kelowna  MacNaughton, Mr. & Mrs. Carleton, Oliver  MacNaughton, Mrs. Ellen, Sidney  MacNaughton, Mr. & Mrs. J. B., Oliver  McNee, Dorothy, Casdegar  McPherson, Robert L., Calgary, Alta.  McQuillin, Mrs. S. A., Kelowna  Nahm, Tilman & Mae, Kelowna  Naka, John & Judy, Kelowna  Naylor, E. E., Victoria  Naylor, L. R., Okanagan Falls  Neave, Alice, Kelowna  Neave, Greg, Manyberries, Alta.  Neave, Len, Edmonton, Alta.  Neave, Paddy, Lethbridge, Alta.  Needham, Joan, Kelowna  Nelson, Bob & Verna, Vernon  Nelson, E. H., Vernon  Nelson, Muriel, Armstrong  Neufeld, Norma, Kelowna  Niblock, A. J., Kamloops  Nicholls, Kenneth Roy, Kelowna  Nivens, Art L., Vernon  Nordstrom, Bill, Armstrong  Norman, Doug, Vernon  Oberle, A. M. J., Armstrong  Odiyar, Hector & Beth, Kelowna  Oram, Edna, Vernon  Ord, Louise E., Enderby  Orr, Mrs. Donald, Summerland  Osborn, C D. Bill, Vernon  Overton, Cyril G, Oliver  Page, Mrs. Shirley, Victoria  Painter, M. F., Vancouver  Parker, Malcolm & Mollie, Salmon Arm  Parkinson, Mrs. Nellie, Armstrong  Parson, M. J., Okanagan Landing  Parsons, Chris, Armstrong  Paterson, Mrs. A. M., Eagle Bay  Peebles, Jack, Enderby  Pells, Frank J., Kelowna  Peterson, Alf A., Salmon Arm  Peterson, Elmer, Salmon Arm  Peterson, Floyd B., Salmon Arm  Peterson, Hjalmer, Salmon Arm  Peterson, Hubert, Salmon Arm  Pistak, Barbara, Rossland  Pomeranko, John, Lumby  Porteous, Aileen, Oliver  Price, H. Alex, Vancouver  Price, Edward, Vernon  Prosser, Alice W., Kelowna  Prouty, Minnie, Armstrong  Raber, Joyce & Howard, Vernon  Raincock, Annette & Larry, Okanagan Falls  Ramsay, W. S., Vernon  Reardon, Mrs. Enid, Sechelt  Reed, G. Aubrey, Vernon  Reid, Dennis, Salmon Arm  Reimche, Judy, Enderby  Renaud, Julie, Kelowna  Riley, Mrs. Ida E., Burnaby  Riley, J. F., Penticton  Riley, R. E., Penticton  Ritch, J. A., Kelowna  Roadhouse, Mr. & Mrs. W. A.  Roberts, Mike, Kelowna  Romaine, J. Patrick, Armstrong  Ruhmann, William, Lake Oswego, Oregon  Rutherford, Elsie M., Kelowna  Saddler, Delta Ladner, Langley  Sahaydak, Jack & Betty, Vernon  Sanderson, W., Peachland  Sarell, T. J., Oliver  Saunders, Reg, Lumby  Scargill, E. M., Victoria  Schubert, Trevor & Jean, Kamloops  Schulz, Mrs. Margaret, Osoyoos  Scott, D. E., Vernon  Sengotta, Bill & Toni, Vernon  Sengotta, Gerry & Dorothy, Vernon  Sengotta, Grace, Vernon  Shannon, Larry & Jan, Oliver  Sharpe, Wenonah Finch, Seatde, Wash.  Shaver, Jim H., Salmon Arm  Shaw, John A., Naramata  Sheardown, Mr. & Mrs. Keith, Osoyoos  Shelley, Nan F., Kelowna  Shepherd, Charles, Vernon  Shepherd, Jean, North Vancouver  Shepherd, John & Grace, Armstrong  Shilvock, Winston A., Kelowna  206 O.H.S. Membership  Simmard, Mrs. I., Enderby  Simpson, A. P. Pat, Vernon  Simpson, N. V, Oliver  Smith, Mrs. Charles, Armstrong  Smith, Mrs. Evelyn D., Merritt  Smith, John A., Kelowna  Smith, Myrde, Armstrong  Smith, Neil, Abbotsford  Smith, W L. Laurie, Kelowna  Snow, Pauline, Summerland  Snowsell, Chelta, Kelowna  Snowsell, F., Kelowna  Somerset, H. A., Oyama  Spendlove, Rosemary, Ottawa, Ont.  Stapleton, Polly, Penticton  Steinburg, Dal ton, Vernon  Steinke, Sue & Wally, Vernon  Steuart, Francis & Iris, Summerland  Stewart, Mrs. Winnie, Armstrong  Strickland, Mrs., Enderby  Stodala, S., Osoyoos  Strandquist, O. Arthur, Kelowna  Stromberg, M., Princeton  Stuart, Deborah, Vernon  Stubbs, Bob, Vernon  Stubbs, John, Vernon  Suggitt, L. G., Penticton  Swain, Margi, Burnaby  Tait, Doreen, Summerland  Tait, Mrs. Mildred, Summerland  Tassie, Peter, Vernon  Tessier, Julia, Vernon  Thomas, Mr. & Mrs. R. C, Vancouver  Thompson, Gordon, Okanagan Falls  Thomson, Gifford, Kelowna  Thomson, Joyce, Oliver  Thomson, Ken, Kelowna  Thorburn, Mrs. H. E., Vernon  Thorlakson, Mr. & Mrs. Ben E.,  Carstairs, Alberta  Thorlakson, Margaret A., Vernon  Thorneloe, F., East Kelowna  Tidball, W., Kelowna  Todd, Mr. & Mrs. Jeffrey, Peachland  Tomlin, E. V, Oliver  Tompkins, Tom & Michele, Lumsden, Sask.  Topham, Peter, Peachland  Treadgold, Frances M., Kelowna  Tregear, Eugenie S., Victoria  Tucker, Mrs. G. O, Vancouver  Tulloch, Mrs. P., Vernon  Turnbull, Nora, Merritt  Turner, Ms. K., Vernon  Turner, R. K., Hedley  Turner, Ronald H., Salmon Arm  Turner, Tom, Fraser Lake  Valardo, John & Ruth, Enderby  Van Ackeren, Mrs. Gwen, Kelowna  Van Oyen, Doreen, Vernon  Waddingtom, J. D., Vancouver  Waddington, Kathleen E., Vancouver  Walburn, Mr. & Mrs. H. G, Kelowna  Walker, W. John D., Victoria  Walton, Norman, Armstrong  Wamboldt, Beryl, Vernon  Waterman, Mrs. A., Penticton  Watt, E. R., Vernon  Weatherill, A. G, Vernon  Weatherill, Mr. & Mrs. Bob, Vernon  Weatherill, Mr. & Mrs. Brian, Calgary, Alberta  Weatherill, Mr. & Mrs. David, Vernon  Weatherill, Doris & Don, Vernon  Weatherill, Mr. & Mrs. Gary, Vernon  Weatherill, Mr. & Mrs. Gordon, Vancouver  Weatherill, Mr. & Mrs. H. P., Osoyoos  Webber, Bernard & Jean, Osoyoos  Weddell, Edith R., Kelowna  Weddell, E. A. H., Kamloops  Weeks, Mr. & Mrs. Ludlow, Penticton  Wejr, Stan, Enderby  Welder, Mr. & Mrs. Joe, Kelowna  Wellbourn, Harry, Victoria  Wells, P. M., Vernon  Wernicke, Ann H., Vernon  West, Helen, Vernon  Whetter, E. J., Enderby  White, W H., Falkland  Whitehead, W J., Armstrong  Whitham, J. G., Calgary, Alta.  Whyte, Mr. Stuart, Nanaimo  Wight, Gordon & Anne, Oliver  Wight, Mrs. J. Laird &Joan, Osoyoos  Williamson, Danielle, Armstrong  Wills, Jack & Lorraine, Vernon  Wills, Linda, Vernon  Willson, Elaine, Coquitlam  Wilmot, A. D., Kelowna  Wilmot, Penelope, Squamish  Wilson, Brian, Calgary, Alberta  Wilson, Donald K., Kelowna  Wilson, Marguerite, Tappen  Wilson, Wayne, Kelowna  Wilton, Ada, Lumby  Woodworth, Johm, Kelowna  Wort, Marg, Kelowna  Wostradowski, Marie, Kelowna  Wylie, Carl & Flora, Vernon  Young, Frank, Vernon  Zamis, Frank, Enderby  Zoellner, Rev. J. G., St. Georges, Quebec  Zoellner, Rev. Reay, East Detroit, Mich.  Zoellner, Mr. & Mrs. W J., Kelowna  207 O.H.S. Membership  INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERS  Burnaby Public Library, Burnaby  Simon Fraser University, Burnaby  Peachland Historic Society, Peachland  Penticton Chamber of Commerce, Penticton  Penticton Public Library, Penticton  Penticton Museum, Penticton  B.C. Orchard Museum, Kelowna  Muriel Ffoulkes Learning Resources Centre,  Kelowna  South Okanagan-Similkameen Union Board of  Health, Kelowna  Okanagan Regional Library, Kelowna  Kelowna Centennial Museum, Kelowna  Kelowna Genealogical Society, Kelowna  B.C. Dragoons Historical Society, Kelowna  Vernon Museum and Archives, Vernon  Kamloops Museum Association, Kamloops  Westminster Abbey Library, Mission  David Thompson Library, Nelson  Vancouver Public Library, Vancouver  B.C. Provincial Museum, Victoria  B.C. Provincial Archives, Victoria  Unitersity of Victoria, Victoria  Glenbow-Alberta Institute, Calgary, Alberta  University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta  University of Winnipeg, Winnipeg, Manitoba  Library of Parliament, Ottawa, Ontario  National Library of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario  Environment Canada, Ottawa, Ontario  Metropolitan Toronto Library, Toronto, Ontario  Toronto Public Library, Toronto, Ontario,  University of Toronto Library, Toronto, Ontario  Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario  University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario  York University, Downsview, Ontario  McGill University Libraries, Montreal, Quebec  Yale University, New Haven, Conn.  Newberry Library, Chicago, 111.  Harvard University Library, Cambridge, Mass.  Eastern Washington University Library,  Cheney, Wash.  Washington State University Holland Library,  Pullman, Wash.  University of Washington, Seatde, Wash.  Seatde Public Library, Seattle, Wash.  Spokane Public Library, Spokane, Wash.  Tacoma Public Library, Tacoma, Wash.  Wisconsin State Historical Society, Madison,  Wise.  Church of Jesus Christ, Latter Day Saints, Salt  Lake City, Utah  School District 15 (Penticton)  O'Connell Elementary, Penticton  Nkwala Elementary, Penticton  School District 21  (Armstrong-Spallumcheen)  Len W. Wood Elementary School, Armstrong  Pleasant Valley Secondary, Armstrong  School District 22 (Vernon)  B.X. Elementary, Vernon  C. Fulton Sr. Secondary, Vernon  Vernon Secondary, Vernon  W. L. Seaton Secondary, Vernon  Harwood Elementary School, Vernon  Kalamalka Jr. Sec. School, Vernon  Charles Bloom Secondary, Lumby  School District 23 (Central Okanagan)  South Kelowna Elementary, Kelowna  Kelowna Secondary, Kelowna  Okanagan Mission Secondary, Kelowna  Raymer Elementary School, Kelowna  School District 77 (Summerland)  Summerland Secondary, Summerland  School District 89 (Shuswap)  M. V Beattie Elementary, Enderby  A.L. Fortune Secondary, Enderby  208  ;  S.S. Sicamous  Restoration  'Ģ  Kelowna's  Lawyers  Jack McGuire  nf  Ui  Salmon Arm  Knob Hill  Nick Jones  of Oliver  Captain  Dun-Waters'  Hunt  Okanagan History, the Report of the  Okanagan Historical Society, has received  Commando  the following recognition of excellence:  1982    Award of Merit from the American  15 ay  Reunion  Association for State and Local  History  1985  Annual Award for Significant  Student  Contribution to the Conservation of  B.C.'s Heritage from Heritage  Essays  Society of British Columbia.  1987  Special Award for the 50th Report  from B.C. Historical Federation.  Book  1988  Certificate of Merit from the  Reviews  Canadian Historical Association.

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