Okanagan Historical Society Reports

The twenty-ninth report of the Okanagan Historical Society 1965 Okanagan Historical Society 1965

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 ft. H. uifig) Aik.asGo Museum  785 MAIN STREET  THE TWENTY-NINTH REPORT  of t(lE  SOCIETY  1965  FOUNDED  SEPTEMBER 4,  1925  r r  ftoftfift  V R. N. (Reg) Atkinson Museum  785 AAAIN STREET  PENTICTON, B.C   V2A5E3  THE TWENTY-NINTH REPORT  of ins  SOCIETY  1965  FOUNDED   SEPTEMBER 4,  1925  — l —   CONTENTS  Notice of Annual Meeting  6  Foreword  7  Okanagan Reverie  8  Officers and Directors of Okanagan Historical Society   ... 9  Branch Officers of Okanagan Historical Society  10  Minutes of the Annual Meeting  11  Forty Years — 1925 - 1965  25  George Howard Dunn  26  James William Bromley-Browne  31  Four Generations Enjoyed the Dinner  34  Deadwood Camp - A Ghost Town  40  The Polio Epidemic of 1927  43  Early Records of Salmon Valley and Glenemma Schools ... 49  Advice to Emigrants to B.C. in 1907  54  The Right Reverend Arthur Henry Sovereign    ...... 60  Dan Gallagher of Gallagher's Canyon  65  Richard Blackburn  69  Fall Fairs in the Okanagan  72  Opening 'of the Richter Pass Highway  76  Observations Along the Richter Pass Highway  81  The Rutland School's 50th Anniversary     . 83  John Armstrong MacKelvie  88  Central Okanagan Land Company  91  Okanagan Historical Society's Hedley Picnic  98  Fairview Booth at the Penticton Peach Festival  103  Thomas Gray of Mara  105  Reminiscences of the Okanagan and Similkameen  108  Florence Baker Warren WTaterman Wilson  112  The History of Immaculate Conception Church  119  Rural Reminiscence  122  S.S. Naramata - The Last of an Era  125  Frederic Billings  126  Okanagan Heritage Lectures  129  The Wood Lake Water Company Limited  133  William Robinson McCluskey  138  Okanagan Settler  144  Thomas Dolman Shorts  145  The Valley's First Machine Shop     . 150  St. Mary's Mission, Omak, Washington  152  Canadian Ambassador to Spain Visits Vernon  153  The Quaedvlieg Family  156  Obituary  157  Ernest Sammet  164  Vernon  165  The Late Manuel Barcelo  166  — 4 — Mrs. Lizzie Rogers • 167  Pioneer B.C. Doctor Passes at Armstrong 169  Alex D. Marshall 170  Naramata in Retrospect 172  Membership List 191  Order Form 204  List of Illustrations  Keremeos Exhibit at 1st Canadian National Apple Show    .    .      3  George Dunn and Mayor Jack Ladd of Kelowna 27  James William Bromley-Browne 31  CKOV's first transmitter (1931) 32  Community Hall at Okanagan Falls 35  Pioneer Okanagan Family Celebrates Four Generations   ...    36  One-hundred and Twenty-five Guests 37  At the Site of Deadwood Camp 41  Salmon Valley School Photo 1915 50  Glenemma Hall School Class 1909 51  The Right Reverend Arthur H. Sovereign 61  Dan Gallagher about 1939 66  Exhibition Building in Kelowna     . 72  A Section of the new Richter Pass Highway 76  At the Opening of the Richter Pass Highway 78  Rutland School Classes 1916-1917 83  Rutland School Classes 1915-1916 85  Rutland School, About 1925 87  Central Okanagan Land Co. Office 91  Land-seekers on Board S.S. Okanagan 93  View of North-west Part of Rutland District About 1905 .    .    95  Picnic of O.H.S. at Hedley     .    98  Sam Manery, Victor Wilson and Herb Clark 100  Fairview Booth at Penticton Peach Festival (two views)    .    .103  Florence Waterman Wilson 112  Mr. and Mrs. John Hunter 122  Haying at the Swanson Farm 123  A Sunday Hike up the Mountain 124  S.S. Naramata 125  Frederic Billings  127  Mr. and Mrs. W. R. McCluskey ..   ." .    .    .138  J. W. McCluskey 141  Captain Shorts' Wanderer 147  Benjamin Rogers     .    ." 153  Mr. and Mrs. Victor Quaedvlieg 156  Ernest Sammet 164  Mr. and Mrs. Rogers in the Early 1940's 167  — 5 — Notice of  Annual -Meeting  of the  OKANAGAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY  1966  Notice is hereby given that the annual meeting of  THE OKANAGAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY  will be held on  MONDAY, MAY 9th, 1966  in VERNON at 2:30 p.m.  Trinity United Church Hall  — Business —  Presentation of Reports  Election of Officers  The meeting will be followed by the Society's  ANNUAL DINNER  also held in  TRINITY UNITED CHURCH HALL  — 6 — FOREWORD  As Canada nears its centennial year your  executive feels that permanent record of the  history of the development and life of some of  the smaller communities in the Okanagan should  be preserved. In a number of cases this was  recorded in booklet form at the time of the centenary of the province of British Columbia.  Being of the opinion that many of these  booklets now may be unavailable, and that not  only old timers who made much of the early  history, but also those who have come later to  make their homes here would appreciate this  early history and stories of the times preserved  in some handy form for their library shelves,  we will in this and future reports include the  story of one of these communities.  As the final story in this report the reader  will find the history of Naramata as recorded  at the time of the British Columbia centenary  in 1958.  — 7 — Okanagan Reverie  By Kate Seymour  A valley wide and deep and long,  Where rivers run between,  High mountains circle out beyond  Deep crystal lakes where fish abound,  The seasons are as they should be,  And life is full of ecstasy.  A country grand with wealth untold,  So happy and serene.  A valley rich in everything  That makes our life worth while;  The happy homes with children fair,  A wealth of food with lots to spare:  Such peace and comfort lingers there,  No signs of want or greed or fear,  But friends on every side of you  To give a cheery smile.  There all the countries of the world  Have joined to live as one.  Where friendly hearts and brotherhood  And people strive for what is good  To make this valley great in name.  A place to come and to remain  To live in peaceful harmony  And build a happy home.  How thankful all of us should be  For such a place to dwell.  When all the world is sad and sore,  Where countries have, but wanting more,  And God's great love he wants to share  Is left unsought and wanting there,  And hungry babes are born to die  In such an earthly Hell. OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS  of Okanogan Historical Society  Honorary Patrons:  His  Honor the Lieutenant-Governor of B.C.,  Honorable GEORGE RANDOLPH PEARKES, V.C., D.S.O., M.C.  The Honorable W. A.  C. BENNETT, Premier of B.C.  The Honorable FRANK RICHTER  Patron:  Mrs. CHARLES PATTEN  Honorary Presidents:  Dr. MARGARET  ORMSBY,    CAPTAIN J.  B. WEEKS,  H. C. S. COLLETT, Rev. Dr. JOHN GOODFELLOW, GUY P. BAGNALL  Life Members:  Guy P. Bagnall, S. R. Manery, Rev. Dr. John Goodfellow, F. T. Marriage,  Dr. Margaret Ormsby, Captain J. B. Weeks, Mrs.  W. R. Dewdney,  Harry Corbitt, H. C. S. Collett.  President:  G.  D.  CAMERON,  Guisachan  Rd.,  Kelowna  Vice-Presidents:  HAROLD  COCHRANE, 2006-28th  Crescent,  Vernon;  Mrs. D. TUTT, Kelowna; NIGEL POOLEY, Kelowna; R. L. CAWSTON,  Caswton;  JAMES  E. JAMIESON, Armstrong.  Secretary: REV. EVERETT S. FLEMING, Vernon Rd., R.R. 2, Kelowna  Treasurer:  Mrs. HAROLD  COCHRANE, 2006 - 28th  Crescent,  Vernon  Editor: MAJOR HUGH PORTEOUS, Oliver  Auditor:  T.  R. JENNER, 3204 - 32nd  St., Vernon  Essay Secretary:  Mrs. GORDON  HERBERT, Kelowna  Directors: Armstrong — Gerald Langdon  Kelowna — William  Spear, Donald Whitham,  D.  S. Buckland  Vernon — G. P. Bagnall, Bert Thorburn, Ken Ellison  Penticton — H. R. Hatfield, Mrs. W. R. Dewdney, H. W. Corbitt  Oliver-Osoyoos — Ivan Hunter  Similkameen — S. R. Manery  Directors at large: Ben Hoy, Mrs. H. C. Whitaker  Editorial Committee: J. E. Jamieson, Armstrong; Mrs. Ivan Crozier, Vernon,  W.   R.  Carruthers,  Kelowna;   Mrs.   W.   R.   Dewdney,   Penticton;  Mrs.  Colin  McDonald,  Oliver;   S.  R.   Manery,  Similkameen.  9 — Branch Officers  ARMSTRONG  President: Mr. Hugh Caley  Vice-President: Mr. Johnny Serra  Secretary-Treasurer:  Mrs. Jessie Ann Gamble  Directors: Mr. Frank Young, Gerald Landon, Tom Clinton, Mrs. B. F. Young.  Editorial Committee: James Jamieson, Mrs. W. H. Winklers.  KELOWNA  President: Mrs. T. B. Upton  Vice-President: William Spear  Secretary: Mrs. D. Tutt  Treasurer: J. J. Conroy  Directors: D. S. Buckland, D. Whitham, W. T. Bulman, W. R. Carruthers,  Nigel Pooley, Guy DeHart, Ben Hoy, Mrs. G. D. Fitzgerald.  OLIVER -OSOYOOS  President: Art Peterman  Vice-President: Eric Becker  Secretary: Mrs. Blaine Francis  Treasurer: Ivan Hunter  Directors:   Frank   McDonald,  Blaine   Francis,  Harvey   Boone,   Hunt   Lomon,  Mrs. Retta Long.  Past President: Mrs. N. V. Simpson  Historian: Miss Dolly Waterman  PENTICTON  Honorary President: Capt. J. B. Weeks  President: J. V. H. Wilson  Vice-President: H. R. Hatfield  Secretary: Mrs. W. R. Dewdney  Treasurer: H. O. Rorke  Directors: H. W. Corbitt, E. D. Sismey, J. G. Harris, Rev. A. E. Miller,  Mrs. H. V. Davis, Mrs. James Gawne Sr., Mrs. C. G. Bennett,  Mrs. Hector Whitaker, N. L. Barlee, Walter Wright.  Director at Large: R. N. Atkinson  Editorial Committee: Mrs. W. R.  Dewdney, E. D. Sismey  Editorial Committee of Parent Society: Mrs. W. R. Dewdney  SIMILKAMEEN  President: S. R. Manery  Vice-President: Dick Cawston  Secretary: Mrs. Alberta Parsons  Treasurer: Mrs. George Lawrence  Directors: Herb Clark, George Gottfriedson, Roy Lucich  Editorial Committee:  Herb Clark,  Mrs. George Lawrence, S. R. Manery.  Representative to Parent Body: S. R. Manery  VERNON  President: Mr. Harold Cochrane  Vice-President: Dr. D. A. Ross  Secretary-Treasurer: A. E. M.  Spence  Directors: Mr. Ken Ellison, Mr. Bud Anderson, Mr. Byron Johnson,  Mr. Bert Thorburn, Mr. I. Crozier, Mrs. J. A. Greig,  Mrs.  H.  Cochrane,  Mrs.  I.  Crozier.  Editorial  Committee:  Mrs.  G.  P. Bagnall,  Mrs.  M.  Middleton,  Mrs. Mabel Johnson.  — 10 — MINUTES OF THE ANNUAL MEETING  Okanagan Historical Society  The Annual Meeting of the Okanagan Historical Society met  according to plan and notices duly mailed on May 10, 1965.  The meeting was called to order at 2:35 p.m. in St. Joseph's  Hall, Kelowna, B.C., by the president, Mr. G. D. Cameron of  Kelowna. Following a few well chosen words of greeting and  welcome, he called on the Secretary to read the notice of meeting.  A minute of silence was then observed by all standing in silent  tribute to members who had died during the year.  Mayor R. L. Parkinson of Kelowna, was called upon and he  expressed a hearty word of Greeting and Welcome to all delegates,  forty-six of whom were in attendance. The Mayor urged the Society  to continue its good work and to urge their projects upon all sections  of Government-  Minutes: In view of the fact that the Minutes of the 1964  meeting were printed in full in the 28th Annual Report it was moved  by Mr. D. S. Buckland and Mr. G. P. Bagnall that they be taken as  printed.. Motion carried.  Business out of Minutes:  At this point the Notice of Motion as found on page 6 of the  28th Report was brought forward by Mr. Harold Cochrane.  It was moved by Mr.. Nigel Pooley and seconded by Mrs. Harold  Cochrane that the membership shall date from December 1, until  November 30th of each and every year. Motion carried.  Mr. G. D. Cameron presented the President's Report.  "Ladies and Gentlemen: I have enjoyed being your President  for the past year- I do not think that I have contributed a great deal  to the running of the Society, as the Branches mostly carried the  load.   But on the whole I believe that it has been a very good year.  "The 28th Report has been well received, as we had more copies  printed initially than in any other year; the sales have been very  satisfactory, but your Treasurer will go more fully into that.  "Also the reprint of the Sixth Report has gone very well.  "A few years ago it was suggested that we would have to raise  our membership fee to keep out of the red. However it was thought  a better way would be to print more reports and try to increase our  sales, which we have done, and it has really paid off.  "We had three Executive meetings during the year which were  — 11 — Minutes of the Annual Meeting of the Okanagan Historical Society  all well attended. I had much pleasure in attending the following  functions: the joint Boundary-Penticton picnic ... at the old town-  site of Deadwod; the closing ceremonies of the old Penticton school;  the Penticton Branch celebration of the 50th Anniversary of the  maiden voyage of the S.S. Sicamous; a meeting of the Oliver-  Oyoyoos Branch; the Secretary and I at a meeting of the Vernon  Branch and I was also at the Annual Meeting and dinner of the  Kelowna Branch.  "With the Canadian Centennial year coming in 1967, the committees in the Valley will be forming Centennial Celebration Committees, if they have not already done so. I would suggest to our  Branches to get representation on these, so as to be able to advise  on the historical facts in each locality. This seems to me to be our  best role in these celebrations.  "I would like to thank our Editor, Major Porteous, who did an  excellent job on our 28th Report, also our Treasurer, Mrs. Cochrane,  and the Secretary, the Reverend E. Fleming, for their work during  the year."  Moved by G- D. Cameron, seconded by Mr. Harold Cochrane,  that the President's report be accepted. Motion carried.  Secretary's Report—  The Secretary, Reverend Everett S. Fleming, then reported  as follows:  "Mr. President and Members: For the information of members  at large I wish to report that three meetings of the Executive of the  parent body were held in Kelowna, B.C. since our last Annual  Meeting. One was held in June, 1964; the next in September, 1964,  and the final one in March, 1965. Approximately 20 representatives  attended each meeting.  "The main item of business at the June 24th meeting had to  do with the possible re-printing of one or more back numbers of the  Annual Report. Serious consideration was given to Volumes 1, 2,  3 and 6. It was finally decided to proceed with the re-printing of the  6th Report (1935); that 300 copies should be ordered at a cost  of $598.40. The Vernon News was to do the printing. These  reports were printed and some copies should be still available from  the Treasurer.  "At the June meeting also it was decided that the report of the  British Columbia Fruit Growers' Association should be included in  the 28th Report, for 1964.    This was done.  "At the September meeting correspondence was read and estimates considered from various printing firms for the printing of the  — 12 — Minutes of the Annual Meeting of the Okanagan Historical Society  28th Annual Report. It was finally agreed that the contract shoud  be let to the Kelowna Printing Co. of Kelowna, B-C, for a total  of 1,000 copies of the Report.    (The highest number to date.)  "The March 1965 meeting dealt with a number of routine  matters of business and plans were laid for the Annual meeting.  Tickets were given out at that meeting to representatives of the  various Branches . . . 152 in all. (140 attended the dinner on  May 10.)  "Besides the work of the Executive, your Secretary has had a  considerabe amount of correspondence. One item in particular is  worthy of mention. Some lady at Prince George B.C. - a Mrs.  Phyllis Boyd -requested her friend, Mrs. M. Hubbard to write  for particulars concerning the late John Fall Allison of Allison Pass  fame. An inquiry to our historian, Rev. Dr. John Goodfellow at  Princeton, elicited the required information which was duly forwarded to Mrs. Boyd. This may seem to be a small item but it was a  source of great satisfaction to Mrs- Boyd who is a descendent of  the late Mr. Allison. Presumably a great deal might be done along  this line if people would turn to the Society for assistance.  "In conclusion, I will just say that it has been a pleasure to serve  your Society during the past year.    My duties have been made the  more pleasant by the kindness and thoughtful consideration of all  members  of  the Executive,  and  of  our  President  in  particular.  Respectfully submitted, Everett S. Fleming, Secretary."  On motion duly seconded, the report of the Secretary was adopted.  Treasurer's Report—  Mrs. Harold Cochrane presented the Treasurer's report for the  year ending April 30th, 1965.  Receipts  Sale of Memberships and Reports—  Vernon    $1,023.88  Armstrong    78.00  Kelowna   827.20  Penticton     489.50  Similkameen     127.50  Oliver-Osoyoos     343.95  Interest on Savings Account,  Bank of Montreal, Osoyoos  1718  $2,907.21  13 — Minutes of the Annual Meeting of the Okanagan Historical Society  Expenditures  Petty cash  for  Secretary  $       5.00  L. S. Gray; flowers for Mrs. Lacey's funeral  ,  8.88  W. R. Cranna & Sons, engraving Shield   1.30  The Vervon News; letterheads, envelopes, membership  cards and report forms   95.58  The Vervon News, postcards   9.72  The Bugle Press, postcards   6.58  Stamps and postage   30.00  Bank  charges     6.60  Editor's out-of-pocket expenses   25.00  The Vernon News, reprint of No. 6 Report   628.32  Country Life Insert in No. 28 Report   385.44  Kelowna Printing Co-, 1,000 copies of 28th Report   1,667,01  $2,869.43  Excess of Receipts over Expenditures  $     37.78  $2907.21  Bank  Balances  Total funds on deposit April 30th,  1964  $1,444.87  Add Receipts over Expenditures         37.78      $1,482.65  Bank of Montreal,  Vernon       624.64  Bank of Montreal, Kelowna       167.84  Bank of Montreal, Penticton       218.14  Bank of Montreal, Osoyoos       472.03      $1,482.65  Statement of Reports at at April 30, 1965  No. 28 Reports sold—  Armstrong   ,     30  Vernon    248  Kelowna   242  Penticton     130  Similkameen        31  Oliver-Osoyoos    103  Total   784  — 14 — Minutes of the Annual Meeting of the Okanagan Historical Society  Reports on Hand—  No. 11        42  No. 14       14  No. 15       86  No. 16    42  No. 17     103  No. 18       84  No. 20  103  No. 21     127  No- 22     116  No. 23        10  No. 25      5  No. 26    37  No. 27    152  No. 28  209  No. 6 (Reprints)  ,  113  Total    1,273  No. 29 Reports prepaid      13  Amount  received during the  year   for sales of  Reports  previous to No. 27, including 7 large orders  $ 257.50  Amount received from No. 6 Re-print      561.00  (Mrs.)  H.  Cochrane,  Treasurer.  On motion of Mrs. H. Cochrane and Mr. G. P. Bagnall, the  Treasurer's report was adopted as read.  Branch Reports  ARMSTRONG  The report of Mr. Hugh Caley, President, was given by Mr-  J. Jamieson, as follows—-  "1964 saw the Armstrong-Spallumsheen Grotip keep quite  active, and although no major accomplishments were recorded, a  steady level of enthusiasm was maintained. Regular monthly meetings were held, and at each a Guest Speaker told of happenings in  the old days. Topics such as "Early School Days", "Early School  Transportation", "The Milling of Flour", "The Cochrane Family",  "The O'Keefe Ranch Restoration", "A Detailed Map Showing Business Locations in Armstrong in the late 90's", "Early Vegetable  Growers of the District" and many other subjects. These all helped  to make the meetings entertaining and instructive.  — IS - Minutes of the Annual Meeting of the Okanagan Historical Society  "We are deeply indebted to many in the district who contributed  in many ways to make the year so successful — the local 'Teen  Town, for doing their Annual job of cleaning up the Lansdowne  cemetery; Mr. and Mrs. Young, for their constant prodding to come  to the meetings; the Armstrong Advertiser, for their priceless  publicity; the ladies, for the tea, coffee and cake served at the meetings ; the Vernon members who attended regularly; Jessie Ann  Gamble who looks after the small things when certain people are  too busy; Mr. John Serra and Mr. Jim Jamieson, for their contributions to the Annual Report. Actually I should name every  member as each in his own way has done his share.  "We hope for the coming year to interest the people of Enderby  to either form their own Group or to join with us, as the town of  Enderby is rich in historical lore.  "I would be remiss in not mentioning the Annual Meeting of  last year, which we had the honor of hosting. We were honestly  overwhelmed at the tremendous crowd, and should the honor ever be  bestowed upon us again, we will be a little better prepared.  "In conclusion, I would like to express the Group's tribute to  Major Hugh Porteous for the outstanding job done on the Annual  Report, and to President Cameron for his fine leadership during the  past year.  Hugh Caley, Armstrong-Spallumsheen Branch."  On motion duly moved and seconded, the Armstrong-Spallumsheen report was adopted as read.  KELOWNA BRANCH REPORT  Mrs- T. B. Upton, President, read her report, as follows: "This  Branch has held four Executive meetings during the year. We  sponsored five Night School Sessions in the Kelowna Senior Secondary school before Christmas. Twenty people took the course. We  hope that this number will be increased when we again sponsor a  course on Okanagan History this coming winter. Speakers were:  C. C. Kelly, "Soil, Water, Vegetation and Climate of the Okanagan";  N. Halissey, "Rocks, Volcanic Formations and Glaciation in the  Okanagan"; Mrs. T. B. Upton and Monte DeMara, "The Interior  Salish, Their Way of Life and Culture"; Mrs. Duncan Tutt and  Rev. E. S. Fleming, "Early Missionaries, Roman Catholic and Protestant" ; G. D. Cameron and Donald Whitham, "Early Transportation by Land and Water".  "We sent out over 200 cards prior to the time the Annual Report  came from the printers.   Sales to April 5th were: No. 28 - 245; No.  — 16 — Minutes of the Annual Meeting of the Okanagan Historical Society  6-41. We are most grateful to all the News media for their cooperation — newspaper, radio and TV all gave us excellent coverage-  I would like to make special mention of Trench's drug store who  have sold Historical Reports as well as tickets for our Annual dinner  and the Okanagan Historical Society annual dinner,  "Again we sponsored an Essay Contest for Grades 8 and 9 in  School District No. 23.. The response this year has been disappointing. In the previous two years we have had nearly 50 entries each  year. The winner this year (1965) is Terry Brunette of Immaculata,  whose subject was "The Church of the Immaculate Conception."  He received the $10.00 prize. David Roberts of George Elliott High  School received the second prize of $5.00 for his essay "The Ellisons  of Kalwood Farm."  "At the request of Mayor R. F. Parkinson in July 1964, I wrote  out the wording for a plaque to go in City Park beside the new  statues of the Grizzly Bears. The plaque explains how Kelowna  got its name.  "We are represented on the Centennial Committee for the city  of Kelowna.  "On April 5th at the Parish Hall of St. Michael and All Angels  Church, Kelowna, we held our annual meeting and dinner. After  an excellent banquet the 122 people present enjoyed a most interesting  talk by Mr. George Melvin of Vernon on "Postal History in the  Okanagan." Mr. Melvin had a most interesting collection of cancellations and covers pertaining to a large part of British Columbia-  Following the meeting, old timers enjoyed viewing the photographs  and magazines on display, as well as renewing acquaintances with  other old timers present.  "We are the Host Branch for the Okanagan Historical Society  dinner on May 10th, to be held in St. Joseph's Hall, Sutherland  Avenue, Kelowna, B.C. We have been fortunate in getting as speaker  Mr. Robert Broadland, Historic Sites Officer, Department of Recreation and Conservation, Parks Branch, Victoria. His subject  (illustrated) will be "The Restoration of Historic Sites."  "We have continued the routine work of assisting in street  naming, collecting old photographs, and giving out information of  historical interest to those who have made inquiries. With the Confederation Centennial on the horizon, requests for information will  undoubtedly be more frequent.  "I wish to thank all the executive of the Kelowna Branch - they  are a cheery and entirely co-operative group. We again look forward  to an active year, always keeping in mind that the main work of the  — 17 — Minutes of the Annual Meeting of the Okanagan Historical Society  Society is the development and promotion of the Annual Historical  Report.  (Mrs.) T. B. Upton, President Kelowna Branch."  On her own motion, seconded by Major Porteous, the report was  adopted as read.  OLIVER-OSOYOOS BRANCH REPORT  The report of the Oliver-Osoyoos Branch was presented by Mr.  Ivan Hunter of Oliver, as follows—  "During the year, four executive meetings, one general meeting,  and the annual meeting were held.  "In July, at the invitation of the Boundary Historical Society,  several members attended the picnic at Deadwood- This was an  enjoyable occasion, in a beautiful setting, historically interesting for  its past mining activities.  "In November, Mr. G. D. Cameron was guest speaker at a  general meeting in Oliver. He gave a delightful talk on "The Home  I Live In" (the Guisachan Ranch).  "The annual meeting was held in Osoyoos, on March 1th. Mr.  F. O. McDonald reported on the representations that had been made  to the Provincial Government concerning the preservation of the  Fairview Townsite and Fairview Mountain. The government has  now set aside the Blind Creek camp site, and an extension to the  Madden Lake site. Much interest is developing in this area so close  to Kobau Mountain.  "Our Society sustained a great loss in the death of Mrs. Katie  Lacey We are indebted to her for much research on the Inkameep  church, although the roof remains to be renewed.  "The winner of the Essay Contest in this area is Steward  Detjen for "The Okanagan's First Flour Mill."  Ivan Hunter, President Oliver-Osoyoos Branch."  On motion duly seconded, the Oliver-Osoyoos report was adopted  as read.  PENTICTON BRANCH REPORT  The annual report of the Penticton Branch was presented by Mr.  Victor Wilson, president, as  follows—  "Membership - approximately 100- Meetings: two general and  one annual and four executive meetings were held. Several members  attended three executive meetings of the parent body in Kelowna.  W7e also enjoyed journeying to meetings of other Branches at Oliver-  Osoyoos. Keremeos and the Boundary Association at Midway.  18 — Minutes of the Annual Meeting of the Okanagan Historical Society  "The Editorial Committee continued to play a very effective role  in collecting, contributions of stories and pictures for the Annual  Report.  "Essay Contest: several fine pieces of work were received.  Miss Carol Fieldhouse, a student of Grade VIII, McNicoll Park  School, was judged the winner and received a cheque for $10.00 at  our annual meeting, April 5th, 1965.  "The Old Land Mark - the Primary School at Main and Fair-  view was to be demolished to make way for a giant library-museum-  &rt complex, so we collected some of the class of 1903 to commemorate the occasion with a Farewell Tea. This was held on the  school grounds on June 5th, 1964. The Annual Field Day, organized  by the Boundary Association was set for July 12th, 1964. Upon their  kind invitation, many of our members journeyed into the past via  bus and private car, to spend an unforgettable day.  "S.S. Sicamous: Fifty years was suitably observed by a dinner  for members and guests upon that famous old stern wheeler, on  August 14th, 1964.  Adult Education: the course, "Okanagan Heritage Lecture  Series" was once again offered at Penticton Secondary school. The  series covered eight evenings—  February 2 — "Early History of the Valley" - Mr. J. Harris.  February 9 — "History of Naramata" - under the direction  of  Mrs.   James   Gawne.  February 16 — "Early days in Summerland" - given by a  group headed by Mr- Walter Wright.  "February 23 — The story of Fairview" - Rev. A. E. Miller.  March 2 — "The Community of Okanagan Falls" - Mr.  V. Wilson.  March 9 — "The Boundary Country" - Mrs. Kathleen Dewdney.  March 16— "The Saga of Penticton Creek" - Mr. S. Cornock.  March 23 — "Historical sites in and around Penticton" - Mr.  J.   Harris.  Time — 7:30 - 9:30 each evening. Fee for Course — $6.00.  Future plans call for a Field Day at Hedley in co-operation  with Keremeoos-Cawston Branch - Sunday, June 13, 1965-  We look forward to the opening of our magnificent new  museum in June.  We will continue to press for the restoration of a composite  townsite at Fairview where we hoped to move and preserve the many  historic buildings from all parts that will soon be lost forever unless  we collect and guard them.  — 19 Minutes of the Annual Meeting of the Okanagan Historical Society  A vigorous executive and keen membership have insured the  preservation of history in our area. May I thank you all for the  role you have permitted me to play and for a year filled with action  and mellowed by many unforgettable moments."  On motion of Victor Wilson and W. R. Powley the report of  the Penticton Branch was adopted.  SIMILKAMEEN BRANCH REPORT  "The Similkameen Branch of the O.H.S. has just passed its  second birthday. Indications point to a more definite interest being  taken in local history.  Myself and my executive are striving to get our young people  interested in the pioneer history of the valley. Consequently many  local essays have been written in our schools. I am hoping to have  two or three of them available for our 29th Report.  At a general meetiing held in the Legion Hall, Keremeos, we  were entertained by Mr. N. L. Barlee of Penticton who showed  many slides of Indian paintings of the Similkameen with a running  commentary on same. This was very instructive, interesting and  very much appreciated by everyone. At our annual meeting Mr.  Lind LeLievre, also of Penticton — a big game hunter (retired)  and guide — entertained our members with more reels of camp life  and big game hunting in the Chilcotin country of Northern B.C.  Movies of this nature are always appreciated.  Our local membership stands at 38. We have sold ten copies  of the Sixth Report and 34 copies of the 28th Report. On hand at  the moment are six copies of the 28th Report and three of the 27th  Report.  In the past year seven meetings were held — four executive,  two general and one annual.  We have appointed a ways-and-means committee of eight members. This is a strong body of volunteers and it is in their planning  to make a membership drive and organize a raffle which, we hope,  will enhance our financial standing! This should make it possible  for us to erect a cairn at the site of the first Hudson's Bay Post  at Cawston which was established in 1860.  A petition has been circulated throughout the valley soliciting  support for the preservation of our historic Indian paintings which  are being defaced and destroyed at an alarming rate. This petition  will be presented to the proper authorities in due course.  At this time I would like to thank my executive for their full  co-operation  and  assistance; also  all  members  who have and are  — 20 — Minutes of the Annual Meeting of the Okanagan Historical Society  unstintedly giving their time and efforts to make the branch a success."  Signed •. . Sam  Manery.  On motion of Mr. Sam Manery, duly seconded, the report was  adopted as read.  VERNON BRANCH  REPORT  By Harold Cochrane  We had four very well attended executive meetings, one general  and one annual meeting.  Our general meeting was of an informal nature. Mr. Bagnall  gave some stories and anecdotes of an historical nature. Dr. Ross  gave a report on the plans for the future museum. Our President,  Paddy (G. D.) Cameron, and Rev. E. S. Fleming were with us.  Rev. Fleming also spoke of historical events. Mr. Bert Thorburn  was guest speaker at our annual meeting. He spoke of the early  development of radio and the first "hams" in the Vernon district-  Our executive meetings were well attended and I would like to  thank my executive for the support given me the past year.  Signed ... Harold Cochrane, president.  On motion of Harold Cochrane and W. R. Powley, the Vernon  report was adopted.  EDITOR'S REPORT  Major Hugh Porteous, Editor, spoke briefly concerning his experiences in connection with the printing of the 28th Report. He  said that due to the fact that the report of the British Columbia  Fruit Growers Association took up about 50 pages of the last report,  much more material would be required from the branches for the  29th Report. He proposed that all material should be in hand by  October 1st. He also indicated that a previously printed history  of Naramata would be worthy of inclusion in the 29th Report. On  his own motion, seconded by E. S. Fleming, the Editor's report was  adopted.  ESSAY REPORT  Mrs. G. P. Bagnall reported for the Essay Committee.  She announced that two students shared the honour of winning the plaque — Miss Lynne Rees of Armstrong and Terry  Brunette of Immaculata High School, Kelowna. She offered warm  congratulations to the joint winners.  In relinquishing the position as Chairman of the Essay Committee, she offered the following resolutions or recommendations:-  21 — Minutes of the Annual Meeting of the Okanagan Historical Society  1- Contestants to be notified that all entries become the property  of the Okanagan Historical Society;  2. Copies may be by photostatic process where the applicant is willing  to pay the cost of same and postage;  3. That the secretary of the Essay Committee should also be the  Society's archivist: appointment by annual election. The archivist  should have access to a fire proof facility where Society records  may be stored;  4. Essays not included in the Challenge Shield contest should remain  the property of the local branch where they originate and disposal of same remain their responsibility;  5. O.H.S. branches should arrange for essays from local schools  to be in their hands by March 15 and forwarded to the Secretary  of the Challenge Shield Contests not later than March 31st in  each year;  6. Branches are asked to supervise the local contestants to ensure  they comply with the regulations. Remember, name of contestant should be on the BACK of the essay. We may wish to  conceal it during the process of judging and this cannot be done  conveniently where the name is on the front page. Typing of  essays should be disallowed.  On motion of Mrs. Bagnall, duly seconded, the report was  adopted, the recommendations to be passed on to the incoming Essay  Committee for their consideration.  LIFE  MEMBERS  On a recommendation from the Kelowna Branch, the name  of Mr. Guy P. Bagnall of Vernon was proposed as a life member.  On the recommendation of the Committee of Presidents, Mr.  Sam Manery of Cawston was proposed.  On motion of Victor Wilson and D. S- Buckland both Mr.  Bagnall and Mr. Manery were unanimously elected life members  of the Society.  BAPTIST CHURCH OF PEACHLAND  The Secretary noted that correspondence had been completed  with the Minister of Public Works, and that this building is now  safely in the hands of the municipal authorities in Peachland. It  was agreed that no further action could be taken at the present  time.  — 22 — Minutes of the Annual Meeting of the Okanagan Historical Society  NEW BUSINESS  Mr. S. R. Manery of Cawston introduced the matter of Indian  art and artifacts, and their destruction through vandalism. It was  moved by S. R. Manery and seconded by Victor Wilson that a  strongly worded letter of protest be sent to the Minister of Parks  and Recreation in Victoria urging immediate action to prevent the  destruction of these irreplaceable and priceless heirlooms by tourists  and other thoughtless persons who, for the sake of a few meaningless souvenirs are in process of destroying these ancient relics, urging  further, that suitable signs, prohibitions and penalties be posted in  an effort to prevent further defacement and destruction.  —Motion carried  Mr. Nigel Pooley introduced the matter of a centennial project  and proposed that the Society should sponsor a competition for  artists wherein a suitable prize should be offered for the best picture,  or other representation, of an historic building or other landmark  in the valley.  On motion of Nigel Pooley and Victor Wilson it was moved  that a committee of three be appointed to consider the matter of  recording historic buildings, and that the executive be empowered  to take action on their recommendations. —Motion carried  The President named the committee — namely Nigel Pooley,  Mrs- W.  R. Dewdney and Mrs.  Middleton. —Agreed  Mr. Victor Wilson introduced the matter of preserving and  developing the townsite of Fairview. He advocated that the government should undertake the restoration of a composite townsite, and  a great park complex. He was given a sympathetic hearing, but  no action was taken-  CATALOGUE OF REPORTS  Mr. Harold Cochrane presented mimeographed copies of a full  catalogue of all articles, subjects and authors in the reports to date  . .. . one copy for each branch. On motion of Mrs. Young and  Rev. E. S. Fleming, a hearty vote of thanks was tendered to Mr.  Cochrane for his noteable piece of work.  NEXT MEETING  Mr. Harold Cochrane extended a hearty invitation to hold the  next annual meeting in Vernon on the second Monday of May, 1966.  The invitation was accepted with enthusiasm.  — 23 — Minutes of the Annual Meeting of the Okanagan Historical Society  ADJOURNMENT  Moved by Mr. Harold Cochrane and duly seconded that the  meeting adjourn. —Carried  NOTE: The business meeting adjourned to meet at the banquet  table in St- Joseph's Hall — arranged by the Kelowna Branch and  handled by the ladies of St. Joseph's Church. Following the banquet  an illustrated lecture was given by Mr. Robert Broadland, Historic  Sites Officer for the Department of Parks and Recreation. He  showed many pictures and spoke eloquently of the work of restoration that has been done and is taking place in the historic towns of  Barkerville and Fort Steele. Mr. Victor Wilson proposed an eloquent  vote of thanks to the speaker, who had been introduced by Mrs. T.  B. Upton, president of the Kelowna branch and hostess for the  occasion.  EVERETT S. FLEMING, secretary  — 24 FORTY YEARS   -   1925-1965  EDITOR'S NOTE: With the advent of the year 1965, the Okanagan Historical  Society celebrates the 40th anniversary of its birth. Through the pages of  its annual reports it has endeavoured to keep alive and to preserve much of  the history of the valley and its environs and the measure of success it has  attained is due to the energy of its officers over that period who are recalled  here, but perhaps more so to the many who have given their time and ability  to submit the manuscripts without which there could be no report.  PRESIDENT:  Leonard Norris - From inception 1925 to 1941  Joseph B. Weeks - 1941, 43, 45, 48  J. B. Knowles - 1949, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54  J. D. Whitham - 1955, 56, 57, 58  Dr. D. A. Ross - 1959  Frank McDonald - 1960, 61  G. P. Bagnall - 1962, 63  G. D. Cameron - 1964, 65  SECRETARY - TREASURER:  Max H. Ruhmann - 1925, 27, 29, 30, 37  James Coleman - 1931  Leonard Norris - 1941, 43  SECRETARY:  Max H. Ruhmann - 1935  Rev. Dr. John Goodfellow -  1945, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55  Mrs. Vera Bennett - 1956, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62  Harold Cochrane - 1963, 64  Rev. Everett Fleming - 1964, 65  EDITOR:  James C. Agnew - 1926, 27, 29, 30, 31, 37  Margaret Ormsby - 1935, 39, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53  G. C. Tassie - 1941, 43  Mrs. R. L. Cawston - 1950, 51, 52  Rev. Dr. John Goodfellow - 1954, 55, 56, 57  F. T. Marriage - 1958, 59, 60  Major Hugh Porteous - 1960, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65  TREASURER:  James Coleman - 1935  H. R. Denison - 1945, 48, 49, 50, 51  W. R. Pepper - 1952, 53  Guy P. Bagnall - 1954, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59  Mrs. H. Cochrane - 1960, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65  At two periods the reports did not come out every year.  — 25 — George Howard Dunn  By J. D. Bews  George Dunn, city clerk, dedicated most of his life—almost 51  years of it—to the City of Kelowna. Over the years he was frequently consulted by city clerks of other cities in B.C. on municipal  affairs and administration... in fact he was virtually a walking  civic encyclopedia.  On December 29, 1958, a testimonial dinner was held in his  honour—the occasion being his official retirement.  George Howard Dunn was born on October 9, 1883, in Saw-  bridgeworth, Hertfordshire, England, and came to Canada in 1900,  going direct to Victoria. The following year he joined the Bank  of Canada as a junior at Rossland and during the next six years  advanced to accountant. Not satisfied with working all day, George  worked at night with Mr. Bill McQueen, city clerk and treasurer,  thus starting his career in civic administration. However, after six  years he was transferred to Winnipeg, but illness prevented his  transfer.  Being venturesome, George accepted a post with the Japanese  government teaching proper business and industrial methods. Not  appreciating the Japanese government policies, he returned to Canada,  coming directly to Kelowna. He applied to the City for the position  of City Clerk. On June 23, 1908, George Howard Dunn was appointed to the position over two other applicants—C. Cleminson and  a Mr. Hislop, thus succeeding R. Morrison, the first city clerk of  Kelowna.  On Juiy 14, 1908, George Dunn recorded his first council meeting minutes—the meeting presided over by Mayor D. W. Sutherland  and including aldermen Buckland, Curts and Gaddes. It was moved  by Aid. Buckland, seconded by Aid. Gaddes, that the clerk's salary  be $75.00 per month. Now George was away ... his municipal  career was begun.  The next day, Wednesday, July 15, between 9 a.m. and 7 p.m.  the electors voted on a money bylaw in the amount of $5,000 to erect  buidings for school purposes within the city of Kelowna.  It is interesting to note that as of December, 1908, there were  less than 400 names on the voters' list. In that year the existing  debenture debt was $9,500.00 while the city's debenture debt at  December 31, 1957, was $1,609,200.00. Taxable assessment in 1908  for land and improvement was $755,240.00. At the end of December, 1957, it totalled $21,153,034.00 — quite a contrast in 50 years.  — 26 — George Howard Dunn  Some of the city's accounts found in order and paid by the finance  committee on August 4, 1908, were: A. Gagnon (contractor), $100;  A. Mawheriney (work on sidewalks), $30; W. Wilson, $19.50; J.  Marty, $15; J. Tebout, $12.50; D. Mills (scavenger work), $84-  Len Hayman (freight on a team), $3.00; G. Dillon (watering the  streets), $25 ; J. Harvey (surveying the cemetery), $102.60; Morrison  & Thompson Co. Hardware, $7.60; R. Parkinson (surveying), $76.  At this time there were no city employees and the necessary  work was tendered out. The city office was one room in the A. S.  Cox building, located in the vicinity of the present Paramount Block  at a cost of $10.00 per month.  On January 5, 1909, the city office was moved to two rooms  upstairs in the Keller Block—later known as Loane's Hardware—  at a monthly rental of $15.00. Offices remained in this location until  1950, at which time the present City Hall was erected. To point up  progress, on January 9, 1909—4 davs later—a motion was passed  that the city clerk—George Dunn—secure a man to put up necessary  shelves in his office, and that he also procure a writing desk and  six chairs.  George Dunn and Mayor Jack Ladd of Kelowna on the occasion of testimonial  dinner to Mr. Dunn after fifty years' service at city clerk.  — 27 George Howard Dunn  On February 1, it was moved by Alderman Ball, seconded by  Alderman Rowcliffe, "that your committee appointed to enquire into  the matter of the salary of the city clerk beg to report as follows - they  find that Mr. George Dunn to be a thoroughly reliable and efficient  officer. He has devoted his time and knowledge unstintingly to the  affairs of the city. He is a capable bookkeeper and is in every way  a valuable man for the duties of city clerk. We consider he is not  now receiving adequate remuneration and would recommend that his  salary be increased to $90.00 per month, to take effect from January  1st, 1909."    Carried unanimously.  By now George's future career was quickly being moulded.  There wasn't time enough for extra-curricular activities such as he  enjoyed in Rossland—curling, skiing and tennis. Skiing he excelled  in, being runner-up to a Norwegian in a cross-country run during  one of the tournaments. He was also a member of the Rocky Mountain Rangers, and also joined the Masonic Order in Rossland, rejoining the order in St. George's Lodge in Kelowna.  Later in 1909, George Dunn and Kathleen Gorman were married  in Victoria. There are two children — George, who is employed with  Pan American Airways, and a daughter Kathleen who is employed  by Campbell, Imrie and Ashley in Kelowna.  Mrs. Dunn's father was a Britisher with a high executive position  in the Japanese government, and her parents had been married in  Japan, and because of that fact was highly respected by the Japanese  residents in this district.  By March 26, 1910, George was more than proving his worth  to City Council and his salarv was increased to $100.00 per month,  retroactive to January 1st.  In 1912, George became interested in radio as a hobby and  operated his first radio amateur station—one of the old-time spark  sets. He was one of the first amateur radio operators in Canada.  At that time licences were not required. Then on February 26, 1924,  he was licenced by the Department of Transport with the call of  VE5BW. During these years son George became interested in radio  and between he and his father, many parts of the world were contacted. This activity was, of course, entered into during his spare  time from civic duties. In 1922 George Sr. took time to serve as  president of the Kelowna City Club, an extra curricular activity.  In 1928 the Kelowna Radio Association was formed utilizing  George's amateur radio station; and this involved George in his spare  time for three years, when commercial broadcasting took over. However he continued his amateur activities and even now—September,  — 28 — George Hotvard Dunn  1965—gets on the air for a time every day, talking to many parts  of the world.  Many honours were conferred on George Dunn while city clerk.  On June 8, 1949, he was elected a Life Member of the Municipal  Officers' Association of British Columbia in recognition of long  service in the field of Municipal Administration.  On September 19, 1949, he was informed that in recognition  of his long service and valuable contribution to the municipal affairs  of this province, and particularly the Okanagan Valley, a resolution  was passed unanimously at the previous meeting of the Okanagan  Valley Municipal Association making him a life member of that  association. He is also a life member of the Orchard City Amateur  Radio Club.  One of the many highlights in his life took place when he was  admitted to the Freedom of the City of Kelowna, April 4, 1955 —  a token of appreciation for the long, loyal and devoted services  rendered to the City.  Over the years George Dunn watched the City of Kelowna and  district grow from a mere 1,200 persons in 1908 to over 40,000  in 1965.  It was in 1936 that quietly and behind the scenes George began  correspondence in connection with the city's Coat-of-Arms. Council  had him make inquiries as to the necessary steps to take to obtain  and register a Coat-of-Arms. Letters were written to the provincial  librarian and archivist and the College of Heralds, Queen Victoria  Street, London. Fees and stamp duty payable was to total some  £81.    It seems -as though this ended the venture for some years.  In 1953, two years before the city's 50th birthday, interest in  a Coat-of-Arms was revived. For some time O. St. P. Aitkens,  president of Okanagan Investments Ltd., had been anxious to do  something of a public nature for the City, and that now, 1953, he  was prepared to obtain a Coat-of-Arms for the Corporation of the  City of Kelowna, providing Council agreed. This was agreed to  and George forwarded copies of past correspondence relating to a  Coat-of-Arms and then put the necessary machinery in motion.  At the inaugural session of the 1955 City Council, the official  Coat-of-Arms was presented to Mayor J. J. Ladd, who accepted it  on behalf of the City of Kelowna. Presentation was made by Douglas  Dewar C.B.E. and chairman of the Board of Okanagan Investments  Limited.  George Dunn's amateur radio station VE5BW was the forerunner of today's commercial broadcasting station CKOV.  — 29 — George Hozvard Dunn  In 1928 the Kelowna Radio Association was formed with George  as operator, the late Bobby Johnston as engineer, Harry Blakeborough  as technical adviser, and the late J. W. B. Browne in charge of  entertainment. It was necessary to convert the station from code  operation to phone or voice. The Department of Transport granted  the call letters 10-AY with the proviso there would be no advertising  whatsoever.  Broadcasting commenced with the morning and evening church  services from the First United Church alternate Sundays with St.  Michael and All Angels' Anglican Church. The churches contributed  the greatest financial support for this venture. The United Church  put on many concerts to help raise the money necessary for equipment upkeep. On Sundays Jim Browne and engineer Bobby Johnston  would put on a recorded programme in the park—when the weather  was good in the summertime—and George, being the radio operator,  had to stay behind and operate the transmitter.  During the week, broadcasting was confined to when there was  a concert or play. It was in these years that the Ogopogo Concert  Club came into being and performed for 10-AY. It comprised  Bert Johnston (later to become CKOV's (first sports announcer),  Jack Taylor, Henry Tutt, Tommy Griffith, Phyllis Trenwith — all  vocalists, and on occasion the late Reverend C. E. Davis, said to do  an Irish ballad in a manner that Bing Crosby and Dennis Day could  well envy. Instrumentally there was the Kirk family: Mother Kirk,  Father Kirk and the three Kirk boys, plus Bay Pridham, pianist.  These were the members of the group who supplied entertainment  for the first part of the programme. The second part was generally  a demonstration of the art of hypnotism by the late George Reed  of Glenmore.  In 1928, 10-AY was moved to two rooms donated by Mr. Frank  Buckland, upstairs in a building where the Bennett Block is now.  The transmitter was 50-watts of power, powered by a motor-generator  principally. The final tubes cost $50.00 each and when the station  started broadcasting, a microphone, turntable and switchboard cost  $750.00, paid for by the operators.  During a general election, a microphone and turntable were  taken to the CP telegraph office, at that time run by Charlie Shayler.  Jim Browne put the returns on the air as they came into the office.  Charlie was a little perturbed because one of his supervisors happened in during the broadcasting . . . however, he didn't seem to  mind in the least—but the CNR didn't like it. However, as it wasn't  commercial and no one got paid they couldn't do or say anything.  — 30 — JAMES WILLIAM BROMLEY-BROWNE  James William Bromley-Browne  Jim Browne (1884 - 1954) was born in Stoke-on-Trent, England,  and left home at the age of 18 bent on adventure. He was a veteran  of the Boer War; was a purser on the CPR boats to the Orient;  drove freight rigs up the Fraser Canyon and Cariboo. At the time of  10-AY he operated a gas-oil and battery shop in Kelowna. During  an illness he envisioned broadcasting on a commercial basis where  one got paid. The potential looked promising, so he applied for the  necessary licence.  The Department of Transport was agreeable providing the  Kelowna Radio Association relinquished its interest in 10-AY voluntarily. This was done—and, it is said, for the nominal sum of $1.  And so at 2:50 p.m., November 4, 1931, 10-AY became no more  and CKOV was born.  31 — James William Bromley-Browne  CKOV's first transmitter was a 60-watt converted ship unit  located on Mill Avenue (now Queensway). J.W.B-B's wife Try-  phena persevered during those formative years of broadcasting, and  son Jim helped his father whenever he could. Many citizens and  friends came forward and helped operate the station, some by loaning  records, others performing "on the air".  About 1933 a Glenmore orchestra was organized under the name  of The Vagabonds. Bill Short played violin and mouth-organ; Mrs.  Short played violin and zither-harp; Jim Vint and Andy Mclnroy had  violins; Frank Hawkey, cello; Sid Macro, piano; and Bert Lambly,  banjo. For a number of years they played for dances, concerts and  had a regular programme on CKOV called Dawn Patrol.  In the thirties J.W.B-B. became known throughout the Okanagan  as "The White-haired Philosopher". The poems of Patience Strong  were his favorite. He was very much a community-minded citizen  and he personally campaigned on behalf of many a local organization as well as throughout the valley via the air waves.  In 1934 CKOV power was increased to 100 watts with the  installation of a Marconi transmitter. Three years later a licence  change permitted another power increase, this time to 1,000 watts.  This was when the present transmitter site and vertical antenna were  In 1931 CKOV's first transmitter was a 60-watt converted ship's unit.  — 32 — James William Bromley-Brozvne  acquired and CKOV became a basic outlet for the trans-Canada  network of the CBC.  "Big Jim" to his friends and "The Boss" to his employees, was  as well known in Penticton and Vernon as he was in Kelowna. He  was made an honorary member of the local Kinsmen Club in recognition of his more than successful Kin "Milk for Britain" radio  campaign during the war; and honorary member of a number of  other clubs for his campaigning on their behalf.  He treated his staff with fairness, but demanded honesty and  efficiency—he couldn't tolerate tardiness or indifferent attitude toward  one's work.    He was generous to a fault.  His untimely passing on June 3rd, 1954, closed the chapter of  a pioneering era in the field of broadcasting in the Okanagan. Jim  Browne Jr. took over the reins following his father's death and has  brought CKOV successfully through additional local competition—  opening of a television station and the local newspaper becoming  a daily.  In December of 1964 another "first" was chalked up by CKOV  with installation of an FM station, CJOV-FM. This station broadcasts a few hours daily of separate programming, the balance simultaneous with CKOV, thus bringing "The Voice of the Okanagan"  through the length and breadth of the valley from Revelstoke to  Kamloops, south to Osoyoos and over to Princeton and Merritt.  t*  Newspaper Report on Fairview - 1892  On August 12 1892 the first newspaper was puplished in Oro,  Washington, now Oroville and in that first issue appears the following statement in a news item about the Fairview Camp. After  stating that gold was discovered there about four years previously,  it finishes.the story by saying "This Camp is in the same gold belt  we are, and proves beyond a shadow of doubt that this is the most  extensive mineral belt in the known world."  Fairview is now and for the past half century has been a ghost  town and it's only memories of a dwindling few that serve to keep  alive the raucous roaring days at the turn of the century when Fair-  view and Spokane were the largest towns in the inland northwest.  — 33 — FOUR GENERATIONS ENJOYED THE DINNER  Sparked by a suggestion from Victor Wilson, President of the  Penticton Branch of the Okanagan Historical Society, the Okanagan  Falls Women's Institute tendered a dinner on Saturday, June 5, to  honor residents of the "Falls" who could seat four generations at a  banquet table.  While this may seem to be a somewhat unusual requirement it  was met by the Bassett family, the Mallory family, the Hawthorne  family, the LaMott family and twice by the Waterman-Wilson  family.  Another unusual touch was that dinner was served in the Community Hall built from lumber salvaged from the Alexandra Hotel  opened in 1907 by Arnott and Hine, a page from the old registry,  dated October 2, 1908, signed by Governor General Earl Grey and  Captain Pickering, his aide, is a prized possession of Ellen (Bassett)  Arnott. And if this was not enough the tea was brewed and the  dishes washed in water heated on the six-hole Kootenay range which  had been in use by the Bassett family from 1898 until 1960 when  it was returned from Penticton to furnish the kitchen of the hall at  Okanagan Falls.  About 125 guests gathered to honor the four generation families.  They came from the Boundary country and the Similkameen, from  Osoyoos to as far north as Westbank. Most of those in attendance  were old-timers in their own right; among them members of the  Richter, McLean and Brent families who have lived in the Okanagan  valley for a hundred years, while others were descendants of pioneers  who after taking up land around the turn of the century left their  names to identify landmarks of singular beauty: Mount McLellan,  Mount Hawthorne, Mount Christie, Shuttleworth Creek, Thomas  Creek, Hardlton Creek, Maloney Lake and Waterman Hill. Also  among the guests were the great-grand parents of five other four  generation families whose children, scattered throughout the Province, were unable to attend. Others who have left an indelible mark  at Okanagan Falls are: Vern. Fetterly, since 1908, logger, blacksmith,  farrier, rancher and prime mover in the organization of the Southern  Interior Cattlemen's Association, its president for a number of years;  and Major Hugh Fraser, donor of the organ and stained glass  window in the Okanagan Falls church.  A delicious dinner prepared and served by the Women's Institute  —Okanagan apple juice, cold turkey and ham, salads in variety, rolls,  ice cream, tea and coffee was enjoyed - a repast in keeping with the  hottest day of the year.  — 34 — Four Generations Enjoyed the Dinner  After dinner, after recognition of the honored guests by Chairman Wilson, and the tables cleared, the chairs rearranged, Mr. Wilson  spoke of the history of Okanagan Falls before showing his collection  of local slides  "While I am not exactly an old-timer when I compare myself  to those around me, I did come here as fast as I could, that was in  1911; I was two months old.  "I do not have to remind you, he continued, that the location  of this small community is the most beautiful and attractive in  Okanagan- Bounded on the north by Skaha Lake, fringed with a  sandy beach. On the west the river flows through lush meadows in  the shadow of Mount Hawthorne for several miles until it loses  itself in the waters of Vaseaux Lake, itself back-dropped by the  majestic cliffs of Mclntyre Bluff. The lake is the summer home of  wild geese and winter shelter for the few remaining Trumpeter  Swans. And tucked between the village and the mountains along  country roads east of the river, out of sight from the highway, lie  farmsteads, orchards, meadow and fields of waving grain."  Okanagan Falls had its place in the sun long before Penticton,  Oliver, Osoyoos and other orchard towns south of Kelowna. When  Penticton was nothing more than a landing point for freight ferried  from the head of the lake by the sternwheel steamer Aberdeen, Okanagan Fall was headquarters for the Bassetts, Brents and others  freighting machinery and all manner of supplies to the mining camps  Community Hall at Okanagan Falls  — 35 — Four Generations Enjoyed the Dinner  PIONEER OKANAGAN FAMILY CELEBRATES 4 GENERATIONS  From left to right: Patrick Smith, Terrance A. Smith, Mrs. Ena Smith, Mrs.  Florence Waterman Wilson, Mrs. Ruth G. Craig, Mrs. Barbara Fenwick-Wilson,  Marc Fenwick-Wilson, Noni Fenwick-Wilson  (sister of Marc).  at Fairview, Camp McKinney and along the Boundary from Beaverdell to Greenwood.  In the early 1890's W. D. Snodgrass of Oregon visualized the  Falls as a coming metropolis. He had surveys made, plans prepared  and land set aside - on paper - for hotels, stores, hospital, freight  sheds, wharves and railroad yards. A newspaper, Okanagan Mining  Review, though short lived, was published in 1893.  In 1904 the Canadian Pacific Railway extended surveys from  Bridesville into Okanagan Falls, and in 1910 the Great Northern  Railroad completed location of a line from Oro - now Oroville - to  Penticton. It was not until 1930, however, that through rail service  to Penticton was established over the Kettle Valley railway.  When the first school opened at the Falls on August 10, 1896,  attended by 9 boys and 12 girls, it was the only school in the valley  south of Okanagan Mission and it was not until 1902 that Penticton,  after age stretching, mustered the necessary eight pupils.  Okanagan Falls, unlike other valley towns, retains much of its  original character, a mixed farming community. There are byways  behind Peach Cliff where cattle graze on land but little changed since  pre-emption days. Other valley towns, Penticton, for example, has  emerged from cattle country to a railroad town, to an orchard city  36 — Four Generations Enjoyed the Dinner  and in the last year or two tourism and secondary industry has pushed  the dollar value of fruit into a second place..  Okanagan Falls has changed too; it will continue to change,  but at a more sober pace, not with the touted scramble for more  people to fill more jobs and to clutter up the land.  There are those, in increasing numbers, who seek a slower  tempo. They come to live or to spend a quiet holiday. One by one  they have built on the limited areas along the eastern lakeshore or  on other secluded spots where they can see blue water, and mountains in shadow against the setting sun, where footpaths lead  throughsunflowers and bunch-grass and byways where one may  travel slowly enough to enjoy the drive-  in pre-history days Okanagan Indians recognized the Falls as  a favoured camp and when the first settlers came, they too realized  that here was a land of abundance where salmon in untold numbers  came from the sea to spawn, where Mountain Sheep grazed along  the east side slopes, there were deer in the bottoms, geese and ducks  in the marshes from early spring until late fall. And much of the  land was ready for the plough. It was, it still is, a favoured land - it  must be, for nothing but the bounty of a more generous nature could  have held four generations in the same small corner of British  Columbia, or for those who leave for a little while to return again  and again.  One-hundred and twenty-five guests enjoyed the Four-Generation Dinner at  Okanagan Falls, June 5, 1965.  — 37 — Four Generations Enjoyed the Dinner  By the time Victor Wilson had finished his introductory talk,  enough for Mr. Wilson to show his collection of slides, which consisted mostly of photo copies of old photographs and other historic  material, accompanied by a running commentary. The screen pictures  were received with interest, but not without nostalgia, for many of  the viewers recognized themselves at school, on horseback, at picnics  or other gatherings. There were also pictures of freight outfits,  teams and wagons, old buildings and several pages from the newspaper, Okanagan Mining Review, 1893, showing advertisements and  the editorial column of the day.  Before closing Mr. Wilson remarked that the new museum at  Penticton will be ready soon and is, except for the museum at  Victoria, the most elaborate in the Province. The museum, he  emphasized, is not for Penticton alone, but is and will be the repository where historical material from all the southern valley will  be safe and properly cared for, for all time.  Please, he urged, do not let any historical treasure escape from  our district. Call me and I will come to your house to photo copy  old photographs, prints and papers. Let us join with a singular  purpose in the restoration and preservation of certain old buildings,  after the screen and projector had been arranged the hall was dark  Let us co-operate with historical groups in Penticton, Oliver and  Osoyoos in pressing the Government to proceed without further  delay with the restoration of the old Fairview camp.  Bear in mind that Fairview is in a climate zone unique in all  Canada where groups come every summer to study and to learn.  When the Queen Elizabeth II observatory on Mount Kobau is  completed, Fairview will lie between the site of the 150-inch telescope and the astrophysical laboratory at White Lake and Okanagan  Falls will be at the back door. Our southern valley will soon become  of great national interest not only scientifically but climatically and  scenically the most desired location in Canada, and many will claim  in the North American Continent.  Members of the five four-generation families at the banquet at  Okanagan Falls given in their honor on Saturday, June 5, 1965—  Bassett family — Margaret Bassett; Florence Walker; Johnny  Walker; Howard Walker.  Hawthorne family — Ethel Reicke; Evelyn Thompson; Morris  Thompson; Dale Mark Thompson.  Mallory family — Enrque Mallory; Donald Mallory; Donald  Mallory junior; Norman Mallory.  LaMott family — Joe LaMott; Annie Moriarty; Donna Thompson; Beverley Moriarty.  — 38 — Four Generations Enjoyed the Dinner  Florence Baker Waterman Wilson (two families) —  Florence Waterman Wilson; Ruth  Craig;  Barbara Fenwick-  Wilson; Mark Fenwick Wilson-  Florence Waterman Wilson; Ena Smith; Terrance Smith; Patrick Smith.  -*gflg*--  THE LEDGE, GREENWOOD — May 9, 1912  Next Wednesday evening, May 15th, at Rock Creek the new  hall, recently built by T. R. Hanson, will be opened by a grand  opening ball.  A site has been secured for the new cannery at Penticton and  the building will be erected this month.  At a cost of $3,400 a lock-up is being built in New Denver.   It  should be strong enough to hold any Slocan sinner.  The Caribou Brotherhood was organized at Ashcroft, B.C., on  January 31st, 1912, in order to preserve and perpetuate the history  of the Caribou district as the early participants in the rush to the  Caribou goldfield in 1862 are rapidly dying out, and without an organization to record and preserve the many important events which  occurred during that period they would be lost to posterity. The  Caribou Brotherhood therefore is founded on actual happenings collected from eye-witnesses and actual participants now in possession  of the officers.  BOUNDARY MINES  Last week the Rawhide shipped 5,750 tons of ore.  Last week the Grandy smelter treated 24,085 tons of ore.  Last week the Mother Lode mine shipped 5,750 tons of ore.  Last week the Greenwood smelter treated 11,240 tons of ore.  Last week the Grandy mine shipped 23,469 tons of ore.  Last week the Jackpot mine shipped 408 tons of ore.  Up to date this year the Boundary mines have shipped 703,945  tons of ore.  — 39 — Deadwood Camp - A Ghost Town  By Eric Sismey  On Sunday, July 12, 1964, about 40 members of the Penticton  Branch of the Okanagan Historical Society, after accepting an  invitation from the Boundary Historical group to attend their annual  picnic to be held at Deadwood, boarded a Greyhound, chartered for  the trip. Another twenty from Southern Okanagan and the Similkameen drove to the picnic in their own cars.  Among Greyhound passengerswere/ PresidejitvOL ^e^ Okanagan  Historical Society, G. D. ^rrrrrrhTri nnrTMr- -fnwaarr~, H. R. Hatfield, vice-president of the Penticton branch, H. W. Corbett of  Kaleden, A. W. Cawston from the Similkameen and Mrs. W. R.  Dewdney, nee Kathleen Ferguson, who spent part of her girlhood  in the Boundary and taught school at Midway until she became Mrs.  Dewdney.  Among those driving from Oliver were the Vernon Simpsons,  Mrs. Simpson is president of the Oliver-Osoyoos branch.  After an interesting and enjoyable drive from Penticton down  through Southern Okanagan to Osoyoos, over Anarchist Mountain,  through Bridesville, Rock Creek, and Midway to Greenwood where  a temporary sign directed us across Boundary Creek to a gravel road  which switchbacked up the mountain. After a mile or two, at the  end of a large meadow, about 150 people from Grand Forks to  Beaverdell were waiting around a camp-fire to greet their guests.  Deadwood Camp lies north and a few hundred feet up in the air  from Greenwood. It was one of the camps serving the Mother Lode  group of claims belonging to the B.C. Copper Company. A second  camp, about a mile from Deadwood, was adjacent to the mine. Ore  from the open pit was loaded on railroad cars for the three mile  trip down the hill to the Anaconda smelter. During the life of the  mine, 1900 - 1918, several million tons of ore were treated which  realized nearly twenty-five million dollars in gold, silver and copper  values.  After lunch in the shade of trees along Copper Creek many  old friendships were renewed and new ones made. And after trash  had been gathered and burned, Mrs. M. I. Roylance, a daughter  of Deadwood and President of the Qlifl) I ngT r Boundary Historical  Society welcomed the visitors from Okanagan, Similkameen and  Washington State.  "Today," Mrs. Roylance stated, "we are picnicking on the old  townsite of Deadwood, B.C. The Deadwood Ranch, 640 acres, was  pre-empted about  1896 by my  father,  Donald  McLaren and his  — 40 — Deadwood Camp — A Ghost Town  AT THE SITE OF DEADWOOD CAMP  partner, Colin McRae. In 1898 after the land had been cleared,  nearly 100 acres was laid out in a townsite which, from the late  1890's to the end of the first war, was a flourishing community,  There were two hotels, a general store, post office - my mother was  postmistress - a school, shoemaker, blacksmith's shop, real estate  office and numerous dwellings."  The Mother Lode camp was a mile above Deadwood and many  families preferring to live outside the company area, bought lots and  built homes in Deadwood. During the life of the mine, about 300  men were steadily employed and 100 families were divided between  the two camps.  Mrs. Roylance was followed to the microphone by H. R. Hatfield who thanked the Boundary folk for their hospitality and Mrs.  R. W. Haggen, M.L.A. for the Grand Forks-Greenwood riding had  a few words to say.  A motorcade guided by Mr. W. McArthur drove to the Mother  Lode mine where open pit mining was explained. In 1910, 30  million pounds of copper blister was shipped from the Boundary to  world markets and, Mr. McArthur said, the day would come when  the mines would be opened again.  To our eyes the Mother Lode mine was a vast open pit scooped  from the mountain top, wide and deep and high. On the face of the  old workings green tinted rock spelled copper and while millions of  tons of ore have been quarried it was evident that there is much more  left in that mountain top than was ever taken away.  — 41 Deadwood Camp — A. Ghost Town  On returning to Deadwood, Mrs. Roylance took us into the  meadow that was once her father's townsite. Pointing to a row of  gnarled fruit trees, she said: "There's where our house stood - the  house where I was born. There was the schoolhouse, over there  the hotel and the general store; and there the cobbler's shop and  smithy. Right here is the track of an old street where horse drawn  buggies paraded sixty years ago and then the motor cars.  Soon after the mines closed down in 1918 Deadwood Camp became a ghost town as families, one by one, moved away.  It was a heartbreaking experience to see the little community—  our home—once so full of life, slowly crumble away. And only  those who have lived through such a change can really know the  meaning of Ghost Town."  — 42 — THE POLIO EPIDEMIC OF 1927  By Hugh F. Mackie  Although it is now nearly forty years ago, the events which took  place at the Vernon Preparatory School in the Fall of the year 1927  still remain vividly impressed upon my mind.  Up until mid-September everything had been as usual - a fine  Summer and Fall, no hint of any epidemic in the neighborhood and  a full, in fact a record attendance of pupils booked for the new  School year.  On the opening day, about the 9th or 10th of September, the  boys began arriving and getting settled in, some fifty-five of them.  There was however one late arrival, young Howard Hunt, son of  a prominent Kelowna business man whose mother brought him up  late in the day, explaining that he had not been feeling well, his  tonsils had been giving trouble, but that there was no cause for  anxiety. The next day classes began as usual but young Hunt's  condition did not improve, so Mrs. Mackie decided to return him  to his home where he could get more attention. Accordingly she  and I took him to Kelowna that afternoon- his father came out to  meet us and carried his son inside, cheerful and laughing. That  was Wednesday. Next day the Kelowna authorities phoned up to  say that the disease was Poliomyelitis.   On Friday young Hunt died.  In a matter of hours our whole world was turned upside down.  Medical authorities insisted that the dormitory system be at once  discarded and that there must be no further classes held or any  communal meals or gatherings of any sort. Every out-building was  pressed into service for temporary sleeping accomodation - garage,  carpenter shop, stable-loft, bicycle house, etc., and a mounted  policeman patrolled the highway outside the School gates day and  night to prevent any communication between us in the School and  the outside world. I believe the Vernon City Council tried to put  up road blocks on the road to Kelowna but found they had not got  the power to do so and had to content themselves with warning all  travellers against going there: for it was there that the first authentic  case of poliomyelitis had occurred.  Back at the School we tried as best we could to accomodate ourselves to the prevailing chaos. No laundry could be sent out and  all stores had to be dumped at the letter box on the high road, a  quarter of a mile away. Even the fruit in the orchard was considered  unclean and had to be left there, and we were not allowed to use  — 43 The Polio Epidemic of 1927  the eggs from our own poultry. To add to it all, more and more  suspicious cases of illness amongst the boys began to take place,  anyone of which might turn out to be fatal. At the peak we had  no less than eighteen boys in bed on the verandah, in the attic, anywhere where a bed could be squeezed in. Any housewife will  appreciate what a state of affairs meant to the women folk of our  establishment; poor things, they were literally worked to death with  no way of escape.  We tried to keep the regular School football games going as  far as our depleted members would allow, and it was at the close  of one of these that young John Routh, son of Major and Mrs.  Routh of Vernon, complained of not feeling well. He was at once  put to bed and seemed to be getting on well, apart from a slight  temperature. The next day we got his mother out to help look after  him, and in the evening he complained that he had lost all feeling in  one arm. Early the next morning I rushed into Vernon to fetch  his father, for the lad was obviously in a very serious condition:  the diaphragm had become paralyzed and his efforts to breathe were  terrible. Before his father and I could get back to the School, John  Routh was dead. (His parents were allowed to return to their  home but were under "house arrest" for two weeks).  Prior to this second death, I had had an interview with the then  M.O.H. for Vernon and suggested that we be allowed the use of the  Vernon Fever Hospital should any further cases occur, but he said  most emphatically "NO" - the risks of taking any case through the  streets of the City were too great, even though it might be only a  suspect. It was therefore, no surprise that as soon as John Routh's  death took place, the health authorities of Vernon and the Coldstream  insisted that his body be hermetically sealed in a lead casket, buried  not in the family plot in Vernon Cemetery, but in the Coldstream  Cemetery, and that no "outsiders" be allowed to attend the ceremony.  As a further precaution the same authorities decreed that the  boys should now be divided: roughly half (non-suspects) were to be  housed in tents on the Range, the rest, including all suspects, to  stay on at the School. The then manager of the Coldstream Ranch,  Mr. F. E. R. Woolaston, very kindly allowed us the use of a flat  piece of range, ominously enough, quite close to the Coldstream  Cemetery. Many kind friends came to our aid in this unexpected  denoument. The C.P.R. generously offered us the loan of enough  tents to house the boys and staff: the Kinsmen (I think it was)  supplied all the lumber required for flooring and an unknown  number of workers laid the floors and put up the tents.   My brother,  — 44 — The Polio Epidemic of 1927  Rev. A. C. Mackie with my wife Grace were in charge of the  School half, and I, assisted by the late Mrs. (Col.) Bott, Miss  Topham Brown, Mrs. Whitehead (still with us I am glad to say)  with the late Capt. C. Nottingham and Sgt. (now Inspector, retired)  Butler R.C.M.P., of the ranch half. To these men and women we  awe a greater debt for their unselfish services than we can ever  hope to pay.  Activities for us on the Range were very limited: baseball was  tried but as every boy had to have a separate bat for fear of  infection, it was a short-lived affair. We went for walks when  weather permited, and at stated occasions parents and friends were  allowed to shout greetings across the fifty-foot lane which bordered  the camp. One big excitement was the discovery of a rattlesnake  on the edge of the camp, which was promptly blown to pieces by  a policeman's gun.  At the School things were happening fast. A boy named Isaacs,  grandson of a wealthy lady then residing at Oyama, who had been  living in isolation in a tent in the School orchard under the care  of his grandfather Dr. Williams (then M.H.O. for Vernon) began  to show symptoms of the dreaded disease. Removed to the School  his condition rapidly grew worse and despite the frantic efforts of  his uncle and everyone concerned, and a midnight rush to Kelowna  for drugs, he too died. Just before he did so, those around his  bed heard him say: "Why is Hayes coming over to the School?"  Now Hayes, the son of a well known Kelowna fruit packer, was in  my section of the camp, half a mile away and there was no communication at all between the two sections. You can imagine then  the feelings of those at the School when an hour or so later a  message came from my camp to say that Hayes was ill and was  being sent over to them at once. Providentially he recovered completely, which is more than anyone dared hope at the time.  I should say that all parents who wished to come to the School  and live with their boys were invited to do so. About a dozen  accepted the invitation and came to Vernon with bags and blankets,  prepared for a long quarantine. They described to us how they had  been shunned by the citizens of Vernon as if they were carriers of  the plague - people seeing them coming up the street would step off  the sidewalk and turn their backs to them; yet thus far none of them  had even been out to the School or exposed to infection of any  sort.   One wonders how far mass hysteria can go!  Amongst those parents was Mrs. Sayers of Vancouver. A few  days after her arrival her boy  felt ill.      He was in bed in the  — 45 The Polio Epidemic of 1927  Carpenter's Shop, I remember, and hourly his condition grew worse.  At last she could stand it no longer and begged my brother to  administer Extreme Unction, which he did. This is a service provided for but rarely practised by the Anglican Church, and consists  of the offering of prayers with the annointing of head, hands and  feet with consecrated oil, and is used only in cases of extreme  illness. The patient's temperature by now was something fantastic  and the end seemed close at hand. Yet no sooner was the service  ended than the boy fell into a deep sleep, and when he awoke later  his temperature was normal, and soon he had completely recovered.  Those are the facts: draw your own conclusions!  About this time we had, for a change, a little light diversion.  A Kelowna parent having made up his mind to kidnap his son,  stole up one night, evaded the police guard and began to search the  out houses for the boy. The latter had then recently been removed  to other quarters so his father's search was in vain; after waking  up several boys by flashing his torch in their faces (as they told us  the next morning) he decided things were getting too lively and  retreated in a hurry.  It was now getting on towards the end of our quarantine; no  fresh cases had appeared and we began to think that the worst was  over. But Fate decreed otherwise: Death was to strike yet again,  and from a wholly unexpected quarter.  In the range camp were two brothers, sons of Mr. and Mrs.  Norman Whittall, a well known Vancouver business man. As the  time of our release drew near, Mrs. Whittall decided to come up  to take her boys home and wrote to tell them so. The younger lad,  a charming little chap and a special favourite of mine for the  previous four or five years, decided to give his mother a pleasant  surprise: he would get her some rattlesnake skins for a belt. The  day before she arrived, he and a friend, without telling anyone of  their intention, slipped out of the camp - it was impossible to  prevent such a thing with so many tents so widely separated - and  went up to the top of the hill overlooking Ravine (Deep) Lake  where there were many caves in the rock. They must have previously  discovered the particular one they were making for (we knew nothing  of its existence) and knew it to be the haunt of rattlers. There  must have been a large number of the reptiles there when they  reached it for it was just at the time of the year that the snakes  collected together in such places prior to hibernation. (Later on  my brother killed about 100 snakes in or around this one cave).  The boy made two fatal mistakes: he under-estimated the distance  — 46 The Polio Epidemic of 1927  a snake can strike and over-estimated the length of his stick.  Almost at his first blow he was bitten by a large snake. Then he  made the worst mistake of all - instead of gashing the wound with  his knife (if he had one) he dropped his stick and rushed down to  the camp over a mile away, thus accelerating the spread of the  venom throughout his body. He arrived in a complete state of  exhaustion and shock and we instantly got in touch with the Doctors  in Vernon, only to be informed that there was no "anti-venom"  on hand, either in Vernon or Kelowna, or in fact in the entire  Province. The nearest supply was in the U.S.A. - Washington or  Oregon. No plane was available there - a messenger was rushed off  on a motor-cycle, but it broke down near the border, and the plasma  did not arrive till late the next day. By then it was too late - the  poison had spread all over the body and in the afternoon the poor  little victim died.  Mrs.. Whittall decided - and who can blame her? - to get her  remaining son away from the camp at whatever cost - and a night  or two later we discovered that he and a boy from Kelowna, named  Maclaren (afterwards killed whilst serving in the RCAF in World  War II) were missing - gone without a trace, probably to Kelowna.  The police were informed and at once took up the chase. It was  hinted at the time - whether justly or not is not for me to say - that  the pursuers slowed down until the pursued had crossed the Kelowna  City boundary, and then turned back. Be that as it may, the  fugitives got away safely and lost no time in reaching Vancouver  the following day. Local reaction was explosive - the Attorney  General of B.C. was wired for advice, and asked to prosecute, but  in effect replied "Clean up the mess yourselves, it's nothing to do  with me." Local rumblings and reverberations gradually died away,  and blood-thirsty threats gave way to irresolution and finally inaction.  At last came the great day - the boys scattered to their homes  and we were left to get to work and disinfect the entire premises - a  job which took weeks to do. Later in November the School reopened, with, somewhat to our surprise, almost as many boys as  before. There has never been any occurrence of polio since, nor,  with the advent of the Salk vaccine, is it likely that there ever  will be.  Before closing this account I will mention two incidents which  may be of interest.  After things had returned to normal, I made a point of appearing at a meeting of the Vernon City Council to complain publicly  of the denial to us of the use of the Vernon Fever Hospital during  47 — The Polio Epidemic of 1927  the epidemic. The M.H.O. (Dr. Williams) maintained stoutly that  he had never done any such thing. It was, therefore, a case of  his word against mine - but no unbiased person would suppose that  we would have failed to use the facilities of the Hospital had they  been made available to us. The good doctor talked loudly of getting  $20,000.00 damages for libel out of us, but, I suppose, thought  better of it on reflection, for we never heard anymore. Perhaps he  was inclined to over value his own reputation or to feel uncertain  of the view a Jury might take, and if he wasn't sure we had enough  cash to pay him any damages at all, how right he was!  The other matter concerns the rattlesnakes. After young  Whittall's death, my brother vowed vengeance upon the whole tribe  of them and so started the campaign against them which made his  name familiar throughout B.C. and beyond. He was tireless in  hunting them down, not only throughout the Okanagan Valley, and  around Kamloops, but in Alberta too. By the time increasing years  (86) prevented anymore such activities, he had accounted for well  over 4,000, and it will, I hope, be many years before the ill-fated  "Whittall Den" fills up again.  Today, the only remembrance of those hectic days of 1927 is  the stained glass window to the four dead boys in the Chapel of  the Vernon Preparatory School. To us who lived through that  experience, no further memorial was necessary!  — 48 — Early Records of Salmon Valley  and Glenemma Schools  By Edith M. Aitken  Records of 1895 show that the district of Glenemma was then  the centre of activities for this Valley. There were only a few  settlers and no school or public building whatever between Westwold  (at that time Grande Prairie) and Salmon Arm.  In 1900 settlers got together and built a large log hall about  40x75. It was situated just in front of Percy Hoath's mail box.  At that time Gordon French owned the homestead. He donated an  acre of land for the hall and large horse barn.  This was the centre of the district. To the west near Falkland.  Tom, Henry, John and Agnes Smith (on Mr. and Mrs. Johnson's  farm) walked five miles night and morning. To the east the Schweb  children came almost the same distance.  This "Glenemma Hall" was built for a community centre, to  be used for a school, church or any public gathering and built by  voluntary laborers like our present Community Hall in Falkland.  The Kamloops Inland Sentinel records the opening of this school  as October 1, 1900, seventeen pupils present. Mr. E. Y. Gillis, a  young man from Nova Scotia, was appointed as the first teacher.  He had his problems, for some families were very poor, coming to  school with inadequate footwear and clothing. But to counter  balance the unpleasant incidents were many amusing ones.  Once when the inspector came, he, wishing to give the children  a treat, brought a gramaphone. The one with the round discs and  large horn. One of the pupils on hearing this wierd thing for the  first time grabbed his hat and bolted for the door. It is said he  didn't show up at school until a week later.  Mr. Gillis continued teaching at Glenemma Hall until 1908.  At that time the register had some familiar names. Schwebs,  Sweets, Fergusons, Allans, Smiths, and Bells were among them.  Incidentally one of the Smith boys was our present principal's (A.  Brummet) father-in-law.  Mr. Gillis married (Margaret) one of the older Ferguson girls,  and went farming instead of teaching. The farm is still operated by  members of his family at Glenemma.  By 1909 more settlers and more children were in the Valley,  so the Government built a school near Schwebs Bridge. It was  called Salmon Valley. Their first teacher was Miss Charlotte  Hayes of Larkin.  -49 — Early Records of Salmon Valley and Glenemma School  Salmon Valley School photo 1915. Centre of doorway, teacher Miss Violet  McTavish. Left to right, back row: Monte Schweb, Olive Forder-Smith, Edith  Kneller, Walter Schweb, Charlie Forder-Smith, Tommy Petrie. Front row,  left to right: George Lowery (I think), Tony Schweb, Bobby Scott, Tommy  Lowery, (rear) Fred Petrie, Nellie Smith (in dark sweater), Nettie Petrie,  Jim Petrie, Allan Forder-Smith. Missing from photo: Carrie and Laura Scott,  Mary Smith, and Daird and Raymond Winslow.  Miss Edith Murray from Cowichan Lake was Glenemma's  second teacher. Both of these girls were recently out of high school  with a temporary certificate. This was a good idea for teachers  are born, not made. If they were not satisfactory it saved them the  expense of normal training.  For a time the girls boarded at my parents, Mr. and Mrs. J.  Kneller's home, each walking their separate directions to school, a  distance of 2y2 miles each.  I started school under Miss Murray at Glenemma Hall, and  continued there for several years.   She had eighteen pupils.  I think the highlight of that first year was the day the teacher  and all her pupils were invited to the River Drivers' camp for  dinner. It was near the school. As there were no mills in the Valley,  logs were cut and piled by the Salmon River banks and each spring,  when highwater came, they were driven down the river from Falkland to Salmon Arm. It was hard to say who were the most pleased  that day - loggers or pupils - but the young lady teacher was  definitely the most popular.  In 1912, yet another change took place. A government assisted  school was built near Fergusons (at present the Fred Allan place)  and it still stands.    It was used until consolidation.     Miss Grace  -50- Early Records of Salmon Valley and Glenemma School   Brett, from Armstrong, was the first teacher in that school and Mrs.  R. Coulpier the last before it closed.  Following the building of this school, I attended Salmon Valley  for at that time my parents had the farm now owned by Mr. and  Mrs. Keith Robbins.  The road was long. To me it was never less than 2y2 miles.  Many Indians, including Chief Alexander, travelled on fishing or  hunting parties. Once I was badly frightened when walking home.  A young brave rode up twirling his lariat above my head. I was  soon reassured by his mother who saw my distress, rode up to me  calling him a bad boy. He was only fooling but for a time I was  really, as they say, "scared stiff".  Glenemma Hall School class 1909. Top row were, left to right: Harold Wilson,  Ernest Raynor, teacher Edith Murray, Ethel Wilson, Virginia Sweet (wit'n  ruffled collar). Below: Edith Kneller, Bertha Wilson, Annie Bell, Mary Bell  (in dark dress - Mary died in 1917 'flu epidemic while attending normal school  at Victoria). Three boys on left: Billy Bell, Kenny Bell, Ervin Wilson.  Missing from school that day were Agnes, John and Henry Smith; Alice, Ellen  and Ruby Ferguson; Alex Bell, Billy Wilson and Reginald Sweet.  NOTE: this old photo was loaned to me by the teacher who has long since  retired and living in Vancouver. She wrote: "This school picture was taken  before photographers had begun to teach people to 'Look pleasant please!' so  might well be captioned 'Life is real, life is earnest'. Why not, you folk, including the teacher, were getting your education, we hope! Photographers just  arrived without warning."  — 51 — Early Records of Salmon Valley and Glenemma School   I still recall an old coyote who always chose 8:15 a.m. to cross  the road just in front of me (near Mr. Deering's place). He would  wait until I almost reached him, to saunter across and into the bush.  He did this on schedule each morning all summer. Perhaps he  enjoyed it, but to me he was a "great big bad wolf".  Next year the neighbors, children of Mr. and Mrs. John R.  Smith (at present Mrs. Baisden's place) and I rode to school on  horseback. How my saddle horse hated to leave home, but at night  it was a different matter. Once we met a boy with a dog drawing  his sleigh. This was too much for "Gip". She bolted for home.  My school books all scattered along the road. Coat flying, I somewhat resembled John Gilpin on his famous ride or Zorro on the  current television shows.  Mr. L. J. Botting (Mrs. W. J. Ferguson's father) taught at  many of this Valley's schools. His wife came each Friday to teach  us singing lessons. The Maple Leaf Forever was the national  anthem.    (How the recent flag dispute would have grieved them).  Miss Violet McTavish followed Mr. Botting, teaching for  several years at the Salmon Valley school. Students had a great  deal of memory work under them both.  Students received report cards each month and at the end of  the year the Department of Education at Victoria issued three rolls  of honour. These were filled in by the teacher. They were for  proficienc}', deportment and perfect attendance and were a real challenge to earn.  There were special memories of rural school days. The inspectors visit, Mr. Annesty or Mr. Lord were the most familiar ones.  Dr. Keith of Enderby or Dr. Van Kleeck of Armstrong came to  examine us all. The Christmas concerts and skating on Madeline  Lake for physical training, accompanied by our teacher.  For a time a real feud existed among the ratepayers over the  situation of the school. It was so bad that one Saturday night,  during Easter of 1919, all contents of the school, including the  organ and school records, were destroyed by fire. For fear of  reprisal, the Government built another school at Heywood's corner,  called Salmon River school.    It opened in September 1919.  I think special tribute should be paid to several teachers who  spent so many years teaching in these schools, including Mr. Gillis,  Mr. Botting, Miss Violet McTavish, Mrs. Larson and Mrs. Grace  Lynn. Several of their pupils continued advanced studies. One  girl, Daisy McDonald, when writing her entrance to high school,  received highest marks in the interior and narrowly missed the  Governor General's Medal that year. Miss Vida Lloyd was her  teacher at Salmon Valley school at that time.  - 52 — Early Records of Salmon Valley and Glenemma School  One boy continued a naval training at Royal Roads and is  now a sea captain. Another took up the medical profession, others  became teachers and nurses, etc.  Both schools closed when consolidation took place in 1950.  And so the era of the Little Red School House ended throughout  the Valley.  53 - ADVICE TO EMIGRANTS TO B.C. IN 1907  EDITOR'S NOTE: The three pieces which follow were taken from a weekly  periodical published in London in 1907 called The British Emigrant and Colonial  News. They were submitted by Nigel Pooley of Kelowna whose uncle was  one of the editors of the periodical at that time. For some they will present  a nostalgic picture and to others an occasion for wonder at the changes sixty  years have brought.  HOW TO START FRUIT FARMING IN B.C.  British Columbia is an excellent country for any young man to  go en account of its huge and varied and future possibilities, provided  he has plenty of grit and is not afraid of tackling work of any description.  The most important thing for a newcomer is to begin right;  then if he perseveres and takes advantage of every opportunity he  is almost bound to succeed. Another point I should like to lay  stress on and that is to adapt oneself to the new surroundings as  quickly as possible and do not be averse to taking the advice of the  old settlers.  How should a man with a little capital, say £200 or £300 and  who wants to take up fruit growing or mixed farming, start on his  arrival ?  Even if he has farmed all his life, do not buy land. Decide on  what branch of work you think you are best suited for and wish  to make a specialty of. Get all the information about the country  you possibly can but do not believe it all (official information is to  be relied on). Some districts are good for sheep, others for cattle,  fruit, mixed farming, etc. Do not use any of your capital, except  for absolute necessities, until you have obtained actual experience  in the country and have seen the land.  If I were going in for fruit growing I should go to the Okanagan  Valley and obtain work on a fruit ranch, in any capacity to start  with and learn every detail; how to plough and cultivate, handle  horses (I never harnessed a horse before I left London), how to  lay out an orchard, plant, study the various ways of pruning and  how the crops are harvested. This all takes time but it is time well  spent and is more likely to lead to ultimate success than dashing  wildly into a new venture.  I take is for granted that during this period you are "keeping  your eyes open" as to where the best lands are situated, what kind  of fruit you think would be wisest to grow, whether for local markets  or for the north-west or eastern markets.  This question of markets is most important and requires careful  54 — Advice to Emigrants to British Columbia in 1907  studying before you plant an orchard, not when the trees are just  beginning to bear. My personal experience on this point has been  rather costly and others like myself suffered from not looking to  this important point.  Supposing now you are near a mining town like Nelson or  Rossland; it would probably pay better to plant various kinds of  plums, peaches, apples, pears and also small fruits and market all  these locally. But if your market is hundreds or perhaps thousands  of miles away, the wiser plan is to carefully choose the variety that  is best suited to the market you want to supply and go in for growing it in quantities; it saves time and money in picking, sorting and  packing and also in freight.  When you have chosen your land and decided on the fruit you  are going to plant out, put a small shanty of two or three rooms  up. It does not matter if it is rather rough looking at first, the substantial house will come in due time.  Do not be too ambitious at first by planting out more than your  limited capital will stand. While your trees are growing you will  find many opportunities of getting work from your neighbours, especially during the harvest seasons. If it be possible, get work for  one or two seasons in a fruit packing house as this knowledge will  be invaluable to you.  However skilful a horticulturist may be a great deal of the  success will be in the way the fruit is marketed. The various qualities and kinds must be graded carefully, wrapped up in tissue paper  (this ought to be printed with the grower's name and brand) and  the name of the fruit and number in each box should be legibly  stamped on the outside. Fruit carefully packed and always to "brand  and quality" will find a ready sale and probably be sought after.  ADVICE TO EMIGRANTS  The class of emigrant whose chances of success are greatest is  the man of small or moderate means possessing energy, good health  and self-reliance, with the faculty of adaptability to his new surroundings. He should have sufficient to "look around" before locating permanently, make his first payment on his land and support  himself and family while awaiting returns from his first crop. This  applies to a man taking up mixed farming. It is sometimes advisable  for the newcomer to work for wages for a time until he learns the  "ways of the country".  - 55 Advice to Emigrants to British Columbia in 1907  Settler's effects, etc., household furniture, farming implements  in use and livestock brought into the province by bona-fide settlers  are admitted free of duty but most articles of domestic use may  be brought into the country at reasonable prices.  The following is the authorized number of live stock allowed  to be imported free of duty: Horses, one to every ten acres not  exceeding 16 in all; cattle, the same; sheep, one to every acre, 100  in all allowed; hogs, the same.  To avoid the risk of loss the emigrant from Great Britain should  pay any money not wanted on the passage into any of the banks in  London having an agency in British Columbia.  The Provincial Government Agent on arrival will furnish information as to lands open for settlement, farms for sale, rates of  wages, etc.  Farm Opportunities  In British Columbia the opportunities for profitable diversified  farming are practically unlimited- The demand for every product  of the farm is great and ever increasing, the present supply being  wholly inadequate for the local market. Under a system of small  land-holdings, with diversified field culture, every object of cultivation is highly profitable because produced by labor that might  otherwise be unproductive.  The productive value of land in British Columbia which has  good water facilities is four times as great as that in Eastern Canada.  The milder climate contributes to this in a measure but the great  advantage of irrigation lies in being able to control the elements or,  in other words, in being independent of them in the conduct of  farm work. Diversified farming is essentially practicable where irrigation is required. It enables the farmer to gratify his fancy with  respect to crops and at the same time realize from the land the greatest  possible returns. By studying the needs of his locality and adjusting  his products to the demand, he derives a continuous income without  fear of failure from drought or excessive rain.  The general farmer may combine stock raising which includes  dairying in a small way, hay and grain, poultry, hogs and sheep,  with a great variety of small fruits and vegetables. The farmer  who understands how to make his land support his few cows, sheep,  hogs, fowls, etc., which will find ready sale at all seasons, can easily  wait for his fruit trees to come to bearing and will never find it  necessary to confine himself to any special branch.  Thousands of men who are struggling for a meagre living elsewhere may find in British Columbia a prosperous home with profit-  — 56 — Advice to Emigrants to British Columbia in 1907  able occupation in a climate and amidst scenes of beauty unequalled  in the world. Every portion of the country is suitable to poultry  raising and all kinds can be bred to great advantage. Wheat is grown  principally in the Fraser Valley and in the country around Kamloops,  in the Thompson River.  The yields being:  Wheat (average) 25.02 bushels per acre  Oats (average) 39.05 bushels per acre  Barley (average) 33.33 bushels per acre  Hops (average)  1500 lbs. per acre  Peaches and grapes are now becoming an important industry  the shipments having hitherto been very small and there has been  no surplus with which to supply even the provincial markets. The  small lots exported have been in the nature of experiments, the  overplus of apples and pears being sent in abundance to the British  markets and yielding to the grower on an average 8/- per barrel  (box).  Nectarines, apricots, figs, almonds and several other of the less  hardy fruits have been already tried and have met with success in no  small way. Men of experience express the opinion that the sunny  slopes of the lake country and the boundary will produce any fruit  or vegetable.  HINTS TO EMIGRANTS TO BRITISH COLUMBIA  By Edith Ashton  The voyage to Montreal or Halifax takes about six to ten days  and the overland journey about five to seven days to Vancouver,  which is the terminus of the Canadian Pacific Railway.  It is therefore necessary to have with you sufficient clothing to  last till your destination is reached. If you are travelling with a  family it will be wise to dress the children in navy blue serge . Have  nothing that will show dirt or travel stain. All luggage that is not  personal should be packed in cases or large trunks and when these  are passed through the Customs at either Montreal or Halifax then  procure your railway ticket and after showing it and your luggage  to the railway porter you will have given to you metal "checks" for  each separate piece of luggage. After this you will have nothing more  to do with them again till you reach your destination.  For the train journey it will be wise to have a lunch basket with  you and stock it with things that will keep well and be handy for a  — 57 — Advice to Emigrants to British Columbia in 1907  light meal. A small travelling spirit stove, kettle, and teapot are  also very necessary.  There is always a "dining car" on all overland trains, but the  charges are high, being $1.00 for every meal. At certain stations  and at certain hours the train stops for twenty minutes or half-an-  hour to allow passengers to take refreshment at the station restaurant. The porter on the train will inform the pasengers in each  car when this is the case. This of course is a much less expensive way  of getting refreshment.  Now as to mode of procedure on arrival at Vancouver.  Do not claim any of your luggage at once, it will be taken out of  the "luggage car" and put in the "baggage room" free of charge.  Those who intend staying in the city of Vancouver should procure  furnished rooms for "light housekeeping" for the first few months  thus obviating any hasty outlay of money which might prove a  mistake later on.  It is wise to go slowly and cautiously. Only in one respect would  I say "take it at once" and this is - the first offer of work.  There is nothing like getting in harness at once and the (first  "job" may prove to be the first rung of the ladder and help you  up at least one step. But be careful not to throw away a job till  you have really cracked the shell and found no kernel inside.  In regard to taking an offer of work you must remember that  you are not in England where long apprenticeships are necessary  before taking up a line of work- In nine cases out of ten a person  with a clear brain and a strong body can take up almost any work.  I hope these few and varied hints may be useful to someone  going out to British Columbia to begin a new life in every way. "Keep  a stiff upper lip" under all circumstances whether pleasant or the  reverse. Remember that each experience is or should be an  "eyeopener.".  LORD DUNDONALD  WHY HE RETIRES (1907)  The news of the retirement of Lieutenant-General the Earl of  Dundonald from the British Army has caused no little sensation in  Army circles. He is a distinguished soldier who commanded the  Canadian Militia from 1902 to 1904- It was his mounted force  which first entered Ladysmith.  In June 1904, Lord Dundonald who was at that time in command  of the Canadian Militia, made a speech at Montreal criticising the  — 58 — Advice to Emigrants to British Columbia in 1907  Canadian Minister of Agriculture, Mr. Fisher, for political interference in the appointment of officers to the Canadian Militia. As a  result of this speech the Canadian Government issued an Order-in-  Council relieving Lord Dundonald of his command.  Lord Dundonald is the inventor of the famous galloping gun  carriage.  WAGES IN BRITISH COLUMBIA (1907)  The wages vary slightly but on an average in all the large  towns the following rates are paid, viz:—  Male Labour —  Miners, $3 to $4 per day; mine labourers, from $2.50 per day;  railway engineers, $3 per day; railway firemen, $2 per day; railway  labourers, $1.75 per day; barbers, $2 per day; blacksmiths, $2.50 per  day; compositors, from $25 per week; gardeners, from $25 per  month and board; stockmen, from $25 per month and board; carpenters, from $3.50 per day; porters, from $2 per day; plumbers,  from 40c per hour; shipwrights, from $3 per day; sawyers, from  $2.50 per day; bakers, from $10 per week; general labourers, from  $1.75 per day.  Female Labour—  Cooks, from $20 per month and board; farm servants, from  $12 per month and board; lady helps, from $12 per month and board;  domestic servants, from $15 per month and board; laundresses,  from $1.25 per day; dressmakers and milliners, $1 per day and board.  gg~_.  THE HEDLEY GAZETTE — May 2, 1912  A. Robertson has started a meat and fish shop in the old pool  room.  — 59 The Right Rev. Arthur Henry Sovereign  M.A., D.D., F.R.G.S.  By Myra K. DeBeck  It was the fall of 1950 when Bishop and Mrs. Sovereign arrived  in Vernon to spend the years of their retirement, following his resignation from the Diocese of Athabasca. They had lived a very  strenuous life, and Bishop Sovereign, then 69, had been advised by  his doctor that he must not continue his life in the huge Diocese of  Athabasca where, for 18 years, long drives, poor roads, severe  weather and Hard work, had taken a toll on his health and left him  with an unreliable heart.  But where the north lost him, with his vision, enthusiasm and  drive, Vernon gained a citizen who, in the last 15 years, has contributed much to the community:  Bishop Sovereign was born in Woodstock, Ontario, September  6th, 1881, of United Empire Loyalist stock. His record as a student  was a brilliant one, not only as a scholar, but as an athlete, debater  and speaker.  Under the influences of Canon Farthing -later Bishop Farthing,  of Montreal, he decided to go into the ministry, and following the  Woodstock Collegiate, entered the University of Toronto and received his B.A. with honors in 1905, and his M.A., also with honors,  the following year. Further honors were earned when he took his  L.Th. from Wycliffe College and later his B.D. by examination from  the Board of Examiners of the General Synod of the Church of  England in Canada. Later he was to receive a D.D. (Honoris  Causa) from his own Wycliffe College and also from Emmanuel  College, Saskatoon.  He started his ministry in Vancouver in 1906 under the Rev.  C. C. Owen at Christ Church, having been ordained deacon in Trinity  Church, Toronto, by Bishop I. O. Stringer, Bishop of Selkirk (now  Yukon) and the following year was ordained to the priesthood in  Holy Trinity Cathedral, New Westminster, by Bishop Dart.  The influence and friendship of Mr. Owen and Bishop Stringer  continued througout their lives.  After three years, happy and strenuous, under Mr. Owen, he  was asked to be rector of the newly established parish of St. Mark's  Kitsilano. There his energy and enthusiasm were contagious and the  little mission church was succeeded by a new church and fine parish  hall. His gift for organization and his fine preaching, together with  his example of dedicated service, made a lasting impression on his  people.  — 60 — The Right Rev. Arthur Henry Sovereign  Right Reverend Arthur H. Sovereign, M.A., D.D., F.R.G.S.; Bishop of Yukon  1932, Bishop of Athabasca 1933-1950.  Another project was the founding of St. Mark's Camp on Howe  Sound. All his years at St. Mark's, he directed this camp, until  it was unique. To this day he receives visits and letters from his  boys and girls of those days, now among Vancouver's leading  citizens. As well as the thousands of young people who have passed  through this camp, the young leaders he trained and inspired have  made a great contribution to youth work in B.C. and elsewhere.  Bishop Sovereign was among the mountain lovers and climbers  in Vancouver, and as well as belonging to the B.C. Mountaineering  61 — The Right Rev. Arthur Henry Sovereign  Club and the Alpine Club of Canada, was a member of the Mountain  Climbers' Safety Club and actively assisted in search and rescue  operations.  In 1912 he attended the annual summer camp of the Alpine  Club of Canada, that year held on Vermillion Pass. There he met  Miss Ellen Ellison, daughter of the Hon. Price Ellison, then Minister  of Finance and Agriculture in the B.C. Government. They said in  the Alpine Club that marriages were made in heaven and the Alpine  Club, and this was one of them. They were married in Vernon on  June 12th, 1913, and proceeded straight to England. There Bishop  Sovereign did a year of post graduate study at Oxford University,  followed by two months of travel on the Continent. Another activity, one that added greatly to their knowledge of England and  its people, was the preaching he did, arranged by the Missionary  Societies.  Very soon after their return to Vancouver and St. Mark's in  the summer of 1914, war broke out. As Bishop Sovereign had been  away from his parish for a year, he did not feel justified in asking  for more leave of absence, and it was the summer of 1918 before he  went overseas. Upon the signing of the armistice, he was chiefly  with the Y.M.C.A. and with Khaki University: His interest in  the armed services has "always been keen, and he has acted as  chaplain for several units, among them the Old Contemptibles and  with Public and High School Cadet Corps, and has been Senior  Chaplain for the Royal Canadian Legion.  He maintained a lively interest in education, and was a member  of the Senate of U.B.C, as well as lecturing in theology. He was  vice-president of the Children's Aid Society and chairman of the  Adoption Committee; founder of the B.C. Playground movement;  member of the executive of the Vancouver Health League; President of the B.C. branch of the Royal Life Saving Society; chairman  of the Juvenile Court.   These were only some of his activities.  During their Vancouver years, four children were born to  Bishop and Mrs. Sovereign; a son, Dr. A. E. Sovereign, now  practicing in Vernon, and three daughters, also well known here,  as over the years they have spent many holidays in Vernon. The  beauty and other attractions of Vernon, together with the presence  of many members of Mrs. Sovereign's family, made it their natural  choice as a place of retirement.  One of Bishop Sovereign's first activities in Vernon was to  serve as rector for three months of All Saints' Anglican Church,  made necessary by the unavoidable delay in the arrival of a newly  appointed rector.    Here he won a host of new friends, in addition  — 62 — The Right Rev. Arthur Henry Sovereign  to those who had known him and heard him preach over the years.  He was seldom in Vernon. When he was in he served as a guest  preacher, or a speaker at a service club. Another service to All  Saints' was his writing of their history in their Jubilee year: "A  Tree Grows in Vernon".  A very special interest of Bishop Sovereign has been with the  John Howard Society. He had been its founder and a close  associate of Dr. J. B. Hobden in their work in Vancouver, and together they organized branches in the Okanagan Valley and Kamloops. He is a life member of the John Howard Society, and continues his interest and work for it.  In 1958 he was named Vernon's "Good Citizen," and is also an  Honorary Member of Vernon's Junior Chamber of Commerce. He  was an ardent advocate of the campaign for our re-inclusion in the  Okanagan Regional Library, and was chairman in charge of the  Library Program. How gratified those workers must be that we  have already outgrown two libraries and are eagerly looking forward  to our new one! It is also a delight to see the large number of  students and children using it.  While still in Vancouver, he had been on the Board of Commissioners for Garibaldi Park, and was named chairman of the  Government (Provincial) Board of Commissioners for Silver Star  Park. He was co-organizer of the Golden Age Club of Vernon  and he and Mrs. Sovereign continue their interest in it. Another  special interest is the School for Retarded Children in Vernon, of  which he was co-organizer. He was also co-founder of the Toast-  masters' Club of Vernon, and has been generous in his help and  encouragement of debating and public speaking in our High Schools.  In the fall of 1931, he was elected Bishop of Yukon to succeed  Bishop I. O. Stringer, and his consecration took place at Christ  Church Cathedral in Vancouver in January, 1932. Bishop Stringer,  newly appointed Archbishop of Rupertsland, officiated, assisted by  eleven bishops of the Canadian Church and the American Episcopal  Church. He proceeded to Yukon in March, travelling in by "cat"  over the ice from Whitehorse. Here he spent only a year, as he  was elected and translated to the Diocese of Athabasca, then entering on a period of growth and development. Settlers were pouring  in, many from dried-out areas and elsewhere. A stupendous task  faced him in serving. them, recruiting personnel, building churches  and rectories, etc. In behalf of this program, both for Athabasca  and other Missionary Dioceses, he made several trips to England,  recruiting men and raising money for the work. With his enthusiasm, magic as a speaker and warm personality, he was very  — 63 — The Right Rev. Arthur Henry Sovereign  successful on these missions. Some parishes would undertake to  build a church; others to adopt one. His tales of hardships of the  new settlers started a stream of bales, warm clothing, church furnishings, etc. which, to some extent, still continues, and enables the  clergy better to serve their people, among whom are many Indians.  In the course of these trips he was accorded the signal honor of  preaching both in St. Paul's Cathedral and Westminster Abbey.  No account of Bishop Sovereign is complete without the inclusion of Mrs. Sovereign. They made a splendid team. She accepted  as a special interest, the welfare of the women workers of the church  and the wives and families of the clergy. Bishop's House in Peace  River was a "home away from home" for them, and their hospitality  to all and sundry was boundless.  In this necessarily brief and inadequate account of so rich a  life, it is hard to do justice. In closing, I would like to quote from  an appreciation of his life and work which appeared in the "Canadian  Churchman" in 1937: "He is a statesman of the church in Canada  . . . Only devotion, only consistency, only infinite patience, only the  largest love, only heroism, only the most patient and devoted service,  only one of the most splendid and gracious illustrations which our  missionary service has given us of devotion to the cause of Christ,  and those who are forgotten by their fellow-men".  KEREMEOS TRUMPET — May 8, 1908  Gordon Harris, jeweller of Penticton, has been appointed registrar of marriage licenses. He is the only one between Fairview and  Vernon-  The Keremeos Meat Market has changed hands, S. McCurdy  having disposed of the business to George Cawston who enters into  possession June 1st.  As work at the Stemwinder has practically ceased, men who have  found employment there are leaving Fairview for other mines.  — 64 Dan Gallagher of Gallagher's Canyon  By Nigel Pooley  About eleven miles east of Kelowana on the Joe Rich road a  side road turns south. The turn-off is just by the Black Mountain  School. If you follow this side road a mile it brings you out on  high ground overlooking Mission Creek. There are signs of some  old log buildings and what might have been a farm in the valley below  that give the impressions of a rustler's hide-out in a wild west story.  For more than fifty years this was the home of Dan Gallagher, a  cheerful little bachelor who pre-empted here in 1898. Nearly every  boy who has been brought up in the Kelowna area since 1900 has  visited this secluded hide-out and explored the rocky chasm above  it where Mission Creek boils through sheer rock walls known as  Gallagher's Canyon.  With the thought that posterity might one day be curious about  the man who gave this area its name I made some notes on him in  1939 and took his picture.  "I came up from San Francisco on the old North-West, a  boat about 50 feet long. That was in 1889. My ticket was for Seattle  but that was the year Seattle burned down and it was on fire when we  got there so the boat turned back and put us off at Tacoma. In  1890 I came into the Okanagan on the Shushwap and Okanagan railway survey. Later on I ran the Palace livery barn in Vernon for  four years - Joe Harwood had it later. I drove the stage to Enderby  for a while..   It was a one-day trip.  "In 1899 I homesteaded here on Mission Creek. The Chinamen  were still working the placer claims when I came. I worked for a  while at Lequimes store in Kelowna - it was next door to the Lake-  view Hotel - then opposite the city park. The place was full of  young Englishmen at that time, fresh out from the old country. I  used to feel sorry for them sometimes. They came out here knowing nothing about business and started in to farm. They hired men  who took their money off them with the result that they took to  hiring only Englishmen who knew less about farming than they  did themselves. The sort of thing they would do was to hitch up  the horse to the buggy without doing up the britching and then of  course they would have to buy a new buggy and get the harness  repaired. From Lequimes store we used to see these young Englishmen come out of the Lakeview pretty well corned up and they would  jump into the buggy and pick up the whip and the reins and forget  to untie the horse from the hitching post.  — 65 — Dan Gallagher of Gallagher's Canyon  DAN GALLAGHER about 1939 outside his cabin by Gallagher's Canyon.  "We used to have dances two or three times a week in the hall  above Lequimes store. Berard was the fiddler and he could play any  kind of reel or jig and we had regular barn dances. I played the  banjo. I could play the clarinet too — I used to play in a band in  San Francisco when I was a boy. When I moved out here I used  to ride into town to band practice every week winter and summer.  Never missed a practice."  Dan had plenty of stories of the early days.  "The year of Vernon's first big Fall Fair was the last year the  Chinamen washed gold on Mission Creek. They had built a big water  wheel up there in the canyon to pump out a deep shaft they intended  to run below creek level. One night — it was late in October —  there was a cloudburst in the hills and it washed out their water  wheel. It was about four in the morning and I hadn't been in bed  long having just ridden back from Vernon, when I heard a clucking  and gabbling going on outside. I couldn't think what it was at first  and got up to look. Outside in the half light I found all the Chinamen. There was a great to do going on because their water wheel  had caught on a log on the creek edge just outside my cabin. All the  talk was because they wanted to put a rope onto the wheel and anchor  it to a tree on shore so that it would not be swept down any further.  "One of the Chinamen got on this log that was bobbing up and  — 66 — Dan Gallagher of Gallagher's Canyon  down in the current and tried to get the rope over the wheel. Well  the log went under and he was washed off and down he went with  the flood and was drowned. They found his body about a mile downstream and brought him up to a clearing below my place and buried  him."  Dan went on to say that some years later a man named Clegg who  had been herding sheep for sixteen years, pre-empted the land below  him. He had been there some months when one day he came to see  Dan.  "What was that little log corral used for down on my place?"  he asked.  "Oh, that is where they buried the Chinaman."  Clegg listened to the story and didn't say much. But the next  Saturday he was in Kelowna he went to Lim Yun, the boss Chinaman.  "That Chinaman you have got buried up on my place?" he said  to him.  "Yes, we know him."  "Well, he was over at my cabin last night and he says he wants  to get out of there."  The Chinese community was interested in this information but  not disturbed. Clegg returned to his cabin and after a week or two  he again went to town and complained about this dead Chinaman  who kept visiting him. Would they hurry up and take him out of  there.  Still nothing happened.  Finally Clegg went down to Chinatown and sought out the head  Chinaman.  "That man vou've got buried up on my place."  "Yes, yes."  "Well he was over at my cabin again last night and he says if  you don't come up and take him out of there he's coming down town."  A party of Chinamen appeared the next morning and removed  him.  Another of Dan's stories was about the mean Indians the prospectors had to put up with' down in Washington.  An old prospector told him that these Indians would come on  a poor prospector sitting down to have his supper and they would  just sit down and eat it. The victim dare not do anything in case  the woods held a dozen more Indians.  On one occasion this old prospector and his partner found at  one camp that their beans had gone sour.   They knew how dangerous  — 67 — Dan Gallagher of Gallagher's Canyon  sour beans were and put the pot aside and had breakfast on whatever else they had. Just as they were finished an Indian came along  and demanded to be fed. They looked at each other and then at  the pot of beans and invited him to help himself. The Indian immediately sat down and wolfed the lot, and then got up and left  without even a grunt of thanks.  The prospectors had planned to do some work in the area and  this was to be a permanent camp. Some time later in the day they  were exploring the vicinity and they found the Indian who had eaten  their beans in the morning dead behind a bush. Apparently the  beans had killed him. So they hurried back to camp and packed  up their belongings and quietly left the country.  A good many people wondered why Dan chose to live alone  in this inaccessible beauty spot on Mission Creek. Presumably it  was because he enjoyed the life. How he made a living was another  unanswered question. He always had a number of horses around  but he liked them so much it was hard to induce him to sell any.  At one time he grew hay on the flats behind his cabin but never  enough to feed more than a few horses.  From time to time his sister from California appeared — in  a Cadillac. She would visit him for a while and even cleaned out  his cabin on one occasion, piled all the old magazines and rubbish  up in the leanto outside and swept the place out. But as soon as  she had gone he put it all back in again and resumed his normal life.  When he died in 1950 he left his property to Joe Casorso, his  nearest neighbour and friend. It is now part of the holdings of  Kelowna Ranches Ltd., owned by a group of Texans who would  appreciate Dan's outlook on life in the west.  <►-  m • i  to*   »m$r%M<w&tvi W&ZM ;>  — 68 — RICHARD BLACKBURN  By Beryl Wamboldt  When Richard Blackburn passed away on October 22nd, 1961  in the Enderby Hospital, that City and indeed the entire Okanagan  Valley lost one of its most colorful pioneers.  Mr. Blackburn had lived for sixty-nine years in the Okanagan  Valley and had been an active member of the community life of many  towns, not only his own-  He was born at Coe Hill, Ontario, on May 2nd, 1881 and at the  age of eleven moved with hs family to Prince Albert, Saskatchewan,  but they continued their journey farther West after only a few  months there, coming to Kelowna in 1892. A trip that took ten days  from Prince Albert - three of them travelling between Sicamous and  Kelowna, where they stopped and stayed at the one and only Hotel,  the Lakeview.  Before long this large family found accommodation in a building that had been built to be a livery stable but never put to that use.  The Blackburn family of nine children was a decisive factor in  the opening of the first school in Kelowna in 1893.. Besides "Dick"  Blackburn and several of his brothers and sisters, there were five  children of the Favelle family and some Icelandic children. The  schoolroom was above the Lequime's store and a Mr. Sutherland was  the first school teacher.  At that time Kelowna consisted of three houses, two stores, a  blacksmith shop, a livery stable, a small sawmill and the previously  mentioned Lakeview Hotel.  Horse racing was the most popular sport but on May 24th it  was decided water sports would be held too, and a race between  two boats held one May 24th planted the seed that grew into the  popular Annual Kelowna Regatta of today.  The Blackburn family moved from Kelowna to Enderby, living  on the farm later owned by the Drasching family and more recently  the Schultes, in the hills at North Enderby.  With such a large family, the older boys went to work at quite  an early age and young Dick Blackburn went to work for Mr. George  Heggie, then manager of the large Stepney Ranch, owned by Sir  Arthur Stepney, near Enderby. He learned the blacksmithing trade  at a very early age and for many years travelled through to Midway  doing this work.  In 1903 the Wheeler family moved to Enderby from Austin,  Manitoba, taking residence in a house on the corner of Enderby's  -69 — Richard Blackburn  main street and today's Highway 97, that was just demolished this  summer(in the name of progress (parking lot?). It was in this home  that Richard Blackburn married Miss May Wheeler in 1907. They  celebrated their Golden Anniversary in Enderby, in 1957 at an "Open  House" attended by a host of relatives, friends and neighbors.  Their only child, a son, Austin, was born in 1910, in Enderby, in  the brick house beside the present-day Enderby Lodge, and owned by  Mr. Frank Dunn. Mrs. Blackburn lives directly across the street  in the comfortable home Mr. Blackburn built when they retired some  years ago. They had the sad misfortune to lose their son in 1955,  the delayed results of a farm accident, leaving a widow and three  young daughters.  Mr. Blackburn was a very active man who loved all sports and  he was a good organizer and a good leader. For many years he was  the popular announcer at the Falkland Stampede, Vernon Days  Rodeo and many other Sport's days throughout the Valley. His  humour was always much appreciated with the crowd going along  with the good job he did in handling the day's program of events.  He loved to reminisce and talk of old times and was popular  as a speaker at banquets and gatherings the length of the Okanagan.  Having lived in Enderby before the turn of the Century he recalled  well the large settlement of the Indians, especially mentioning one  Chief in particular, of the Enderby Band, named Chief Hulla, a  grandfather to Adrian Alexander, who for years has been well  known around the North Okanagan for his log rolling prowess.  Mr. Blackburn could recall the time when no logging was being  done around Enderby and then in 1895 Smith and McLeod set up  a sawmill and Enderby became a logging and mill town.  Through the years Mr. Blackburn bought, sold and leased land  (to others) in North Enderby and along the Mabel Lake Road.  He recalled, once, a time when he cut, hauled and sold cordwood for  either $1.25 per cord or in trade for groceries. A good sized beef  animal would sell for $13.00 and 90c would buy a 50 lb. bag of flour  in those days.  When Mr. and Mrs. Blackburn retired and moved to their home  beside the St. Andrew's United Church in Enderby much of his  boundless energy was used to the benefit of the church. Cupboards,  steps and numerous useful things came into being because of Mr.  Blackburn and his tools, as well as the winter's wood for the church  furnace which miraculously appeared each autumn in the big wood  shed. Any minister's wife, in residence at the manse during those  years, will tell you how much they appreciated Mr. Blackburn and  the many things he did for them to make work a little easier and  — 70 — Richard Blackburn  to keep the manse in ship-shape. We who worked in the church  kitchen, knew well the worth and kindness of this man.  Always active in the community he had been President of the  Enderby Board of Trade, a School Trustee and Chairman of many  sports days. In his final years he was an active worker for the Social  Credit Party.  A man who had seen the Okanagan Valley develop; a pioneer  who loved life and activity. One who has left this country of ours  a little better because of his years spent in it.  A true Okanagan pioneer — Richard Blackburn.  -"€fl§^~  Rare Flower Discovered on Mountain  A wild flower photographer made an interesting discovery on  Silver- Star this Summer.  Ken Alexander of Vernon noticed a flower growing near the  forestry lookout station that appeared to be new to him.  As he is not a botanist, he sent a color photo of the flower to his  mother-in-law, Mrs. H. C. Dalziel, a long time resident of the Okanagan, who at one time lived at Cameron's Point.  She had never seen the flower before but had it identified by  the University of Victoria.  The flower turned out to be the Pelygonaceae Eriogonum Un-  bellatum, that up until now had only been recorded as growing in  the alpine meadows of the Crow's Nest Pass.  Mr. Alexander said the flower grows from a vine-like Plant  with small green leather-like leaves. It has a woody stem and a pale  yellow flower cluster about eight inches high.  — 71 — Fall Fairs in the Okanagan  By Rev. E. S. Fleming - The Old Mill Ranch, Kelowna, B.C.  Some, one has well said that the Annual Fall Fair is the Show  Window of the Community. That statement has been well supported  by the facts throughout the Okanagan during the past seventy or  eighty years..  Every one who has lived for any length of time in the area  must have nostalgic memories of the Fall Fairs held in their community during the early years. A few such show windows manage  to carry on in these days of transition from rural to urban areas.  Those memories will be tinged with the spirit of gaiety and romance  suggested by a song which my singing sister, Amy (Timmins) used  to sing with gusto • . . "Heigh! Ho! Come to the Fair!".  It appears that the First Fall Fair to be organized was known as  "The Okanagan and Spallumsheen Agricultural Society" with headquarters at Vernon. This was in 1891. Fairs were held annually until  1913, when their activities appear to have passed over to Armstrong  which had organized a strong society in 1900.  The Kelowna district was the second one to begin holding a  Fair each Autumn. Five years after the Northern venture the  "Okanagan Mission and Trades Association" was formed in 18%.  This   organization  carried  on until   February 25,   1922   when the  Exhibition building in Kelowna later destroyed by fire.  — 72 — Fall Fairs in the Okanagan  name was changed to "Kelowna Fair Association". The annual  "Show Window" was opened each year until 1927 when, due to  an epidemic, all public gatherings were cancelled. This included  the Fall Fair. For the next three years the Fair was held as usual  but in 1931 there is no record of a Fair in Kelowna. At that time  it appears to have swung in behind the movement to hold one major  Fair in the Interior and so co-operated with Armstrong to make that  Fair bigger and better than ever.  Before consigning the Kelowna Fairs .... in their fine Agricultural Hall to the archives or to the Limbo of forgotten things, I  have two personal experiences which may strike a responsive chord  with some other people.  My very first fair at Kelowna was on a bright and sunny day  in 1908 . . . our first year in the valley. Through some forgotten  means I had contrived to obtain one whole dollar with which to  have a time at the Fair. For some unknown reason I had become  separated from the rest of the family and thus entered the grounds  by myself. I was no sooner within the portal than someone called  me by name and in this manner I was attracted toward a group of  boys surrounding a booth of some kind- This turned out to be a  wonderful game. All one had to do was to lift a little stick which  permitted some balls to run down a sloping surface to find lodgement  in various pockets or holes. These holes were numbered; when the  numbers were added up the total indicated some grand prize which  could be won. I had never seen anything of the sort, nor had I seen  any man who could add figures so dexterously. I was induced to  spend a dime to win one of those great prizes. But somehow it  needed another dime, and another . . . and another until half of my  precious fortune was gone. In some way the adder always managed  to miss the prize winning number by ONE. Like many another I  had failed to get something for nothing.  My second and last experience was in the fall of 1919. By  this time I had the fastest saddle mare in the country ... so I  thought. I persuaded Bert Dalgleish to mount and ride her in the  Boys' pony race. She led the field ... as far as the turn off to the  barns, and as she knew nothing of a race track, she headed in there.  She trailed the Field coming home- I was still certain that I had a  winner so I entered in the Cowboy Race myself. Again we were  off; again my little mare led the field ... as far as the barns; there  she applied the brakes violently, and turned off while the others  thundered by. I managed to pull into the track once more, but it  was useless. I simply ate the mud kicked up by the horses of Felix  Casorso and others.   But it was an unforgettable adventure.  — 73 — Fall Fairs in the Okanagan  These simple, personal experiences have been duplicated thousands of times by the callow and the sophisticated alike at the Annual  Fair, Midway and Race track.  Before leaving the Kelowna Fair Association it only remains  to say that,since no Fairs were held after 1930 their Charter was  cancelled in 1935.  Coming back to the Armstrong Fair it is worth noting that it  began in a small way four years after Kelowna, that is in 1900. The  late Donald Matheson was the first president of the Society and he  presided over its affairs for fourteen years. He was ably assisted  by other old-timers, notably the late Mr. Matt Hassen, and Mrs. M.  McDonald. Mrs. McDonald deserves special mention in that she  attended each of the Fall Fairs which have been held every year  since 1900. She is still a moving spirit in conection with the  Interior Provincial Exhibition as it is now called.  About the year 1926 when it seemed that the other Fairs in the  Valley "had shot their bolt" and were just marking time, the Armstrong Association saw an opportunity to make their Fair larger and  better by transforming it into an Interior Provincial Exhibition.  Since then it has gone steadily forward until now in 1965 their Prize  List is a volume of 165 pages.  The Penticton Agricultural and Horticultural Society was  formed March 11, 1912. But even prior to this formal incorporation  and recognition local fairs had been held. But no definite record of  these is available. On the same date, March 11, 1912, a similar organization was formed in Enderby. In Penticton Fairs were held up  to the year 1922, with the exception of the years 1915-18. The  Enderby Association however, appears to have been too close to the  strong organization in Armstrong, and, as a consequence, no Fairs  appear to have been held after 1914.  In Summerland, on the west side of Lake Okanagan an Association was incorporated on July 13, 1910. With two exceptions Fairs  were held until 1922. Later a series of shows devoted exclusively  to apples were held. But in course of time their Charter was  cancelled.  In 1914 the Kalamalka Agricultural Association was formed.  Two Fairs were held up to 1920. But after 1930 there is no record.  One event, however, during a Fair at Oyama is worth noting. The  Duke of Devonshire, then Governor General of Canada was touring  the district, and was invited to open the Fair. This he did. Afterwards he spent considerable time inspecting the various exhibits.  One box of especially beautiful apples attracted his attention. Impulsively he picked out an outstanding specimen to examine it more  — 74 — Fall Fairs in the Okanagan  closely. Like a thunderbolt came the voice of the woman in charge,  "Replace that apple at once"! The Oyama record does not relate  what followed. Presumably the apple was replaced . • . whether  properly packed or not does not appear!  Lumby came into the Fair field later than most. In 1921 the  Lumby District Agricultural Society was incorporated. Fairs were  held until 1932. Apparently depression years were fatal to a good  many community activities.  "In addition to the Interior Provincial Exhibition, and the one  at Salmon Arm, there are five other fairs now held annually in the  Okanagan. These are Peachland Women's Institute (which was first  listed as a Fair by the Department of Agriculture in 1949) ; West-  bank Fair Board (in 1951) ; South Similkameen Fall Fair at Cawston  (in 1950) ; Penticton Peach Festival Association (in 1952) and  Summerland Fall Fair (1962)." (Note from the B.C. Department  of Agriculture). I am also indebted to an article on Okanagan Fall  Fairs by F. W. Laing, in O.H.S. Report for 1949).  Various Flower Shows have been held under the auspices of the  Women's Institute such as the Annual Flower Show in Rutland, but  by and large these have not attained the stature or the importance of  the Fall Fairs. But whether they have been Flower Shows, Apple  Shows, or full scaled Fall Fairs they have done much to display  the natural wealth of the valley, provide wholesome competition in  the production of first-class produce and, in many ways, have done  much to advertise the climate and industry of the Okanagan. A  great tribute is due to all those rugged pioneers, and their present  day successors who so generously and laboriously gave of their time  and ability to organize and maintain the Annual Fall Fairs throughout the Okanagan.  ■4fl*-  — 75 — Opening of the Richter Pass Highway  By Kathleen S. Dewdney  The official opening of the Richter Pass Highway connecting  Keremeos directly with Osoyoos on the Southern Trans-Canada Highway No. 3, took place shortly after 2 p.m. on July 7, 1965, at the  viewpoint two miles west of Osoyoos.  Osoyoos is situated at the east end of the 29-mile, 60 m.p.h.  modern highway which shortened the route by 22 miles to Keremeos,  ^ft?_«THr.    '    t -J-'-**!*;,-  A section of the new Richter Pass highway with Mount Kobau in background.  situated at the west end of the highway. Richter Pass Highway  joins highways No. 3 and 97 at the junction at Osoyoos.  The Richter Pass route, once an Indian trail, is rich in history.  In the early days this section of the province was used by those who  came to build the west. It was an important east-west link and one  of the well-known routes. The Dewdney Trail, built through the  pass in 1865 for pack trains, was used by all travellers either on foot  or horseback — the fur traders, the Hudson's Bay Company's pack  trains, the miners, the pioneer settlers, the cattle drovers, business  men, and government officials.!  Later a rough wagon road was built.   Then came a period when  — 76 Opening of the Richter Pass Highway  a better road was built around it by way of Kaleden, so the road  through the pass was seldom used. But as the province grew so did  the need for a shorter route across southern British Columbia. The  government recognized the need and today we have this first-class  modern highway.  Westbound the highway climbs from Osoyoos, 900 feet above  sea level where semi-desert conditions prevail, to an elevation of 2,237  feet in Richter Pass, the dry forest zone. Then it descends to Keremeos at an elevation of 1,350 feet, through rich orchard and meadow  land.  Prior to the opening ceremonies the Osoyoos school band under  Stan Storwick, despite the thunder and the rain, played for half an  hour. Red-coated mounties stood at attention near the grandstand  which was decorated with the new red maple leaf flag of Canada, and  flags of British Columbia.  Minister of Highways the Hon. Philip A. Gaglardi, master of  ceremonies, in a jovial mood set the festive atmosphere when he  remarked that on such a momentous occasion as this the Osoyoos  Chamber of Commerce and his department had made special arrangements for the cooling shower.  Most of the several hundred spectators were happy for the  respite from the soaring temperature nearing 100 degrees. During  the short storm sporadic rain fell and lightning touched off a small  forest fire atop a nearby mountain.  Mr. Gaglardi spoke of the charming panoramic view spread  before us — Osoyoos Lake, Osoyoos village, the orchards and the  surrounding countryside in its picturesque setting of mountains.  He paid tribute to Mr. Richter for his untiring efforts over  many years to bring about the completion of the road, and he suggested that the people of the area erect a monument to him.  At one point he grinned and remarked, "Richter's lucky. All I  have named after me is a ticket from the RCMP — they are the finest  fellows I know." Two scarlet-coated Mounties standing at attention  nearby in the rain smiled.  It was a proud day for the Hon. Francis Xavier Richter, Minister of Agriculture, for the highway bears his family name. He  briefly reviewed the history of the pass and recounted some sentimental reminiscences. He was born and brought up in Keremeos.  His father, Francis Xavier Richter Senior, one of the earliest  pioneers, had travelled through the pass with 42 head of cattle in  1864, and he built his comfortable home on his large ranch in the  pass in 1887.$    To make his first wagon trip through the pass he  — 77 — Opening of the Richter Pass Highway  Left to right: Hon. P. A. Gaglardi, H. C. McGuffie, Hon. Frank Richter,  Mrs. Richter and Mrs. W. R. Dewdney.  ran a plough furrow down the Osoyoos side of the mountain for his  wagon wheels.  In recalling the great changes from the past Mr. Richter predicted that in the next ten years the changes will be greater and far  more "fantastic". One of these will be the proposed multi-million  dollar Queen Elizabeth II Observatory on 6,200 foot Mount Kobau,  which at one time was called "the top of Richter Mountain".  An access road will be built from the pass highway up the  mountain. In time the observatory will become world famous for  people from all over the world will flock to this installation by way  of the Richter Pass Highway.  The road was dedicated by the Rev. E. Roller of Osoyoos, who  — 78 — Opening of the Richter Pass Highway  prayed "May there be pleasure and safety for all who travel this  highway."  Despite the short thunderstorm the highway ceremonies went  smoothly. Following the speeches, the Hon. Frank X. Richter together with Mrs. Richter, cut a broad green ribbon to officially open  the Richter Pass section of the Southern Trans-Canada Highway  No. 3.  Those in the ribbon-cutting party were: The Hon. P. A. Gaglardi,  the Hon. F. X. Richter, Mrs. F. X. Richter, 84-year-old Mr. H. C.  McGuffie of Cawston (a pioneer of the pass area) ; and Mrs. W.  R. Dewdney of Penticton whose husband's uncle, Edgar Dewdney,  built the Dewdney Trail through the pass just 100 years ago.  The official ceremony actually started at noon in the Starlite  Restaurant where a large number of guests were entertained at a  luncheon by the Osoyoos Chamber of Commerce. They were welcomed by president of the Chamber, W. A. Yusep, and chairman  of the village council C. E. Emery, who stated that Osoyoos has the  earliest fruit in Canada, the warmest water for swimming, is the  southern gateway to the Okanagan, and will be the home of the  proposed Queen Elizabeth II Observatory. He invited the guests  to visit the parks and the museum, and to come back again.  Besides the two government ministers, the head table guests  included Mrs! Richter, the Rev. Father Cooper, the Rev. E. Roller,  W. A. Yusep of the Osoyoos Chamber, Roy Lucich of the Cawston  Board of Trade and Derril Cordell of the Keremeos Board of Trade,  W. Minshull (chairman of the Keremeos Council), C. E. Emery of  the Osoyoos Council, and J. Nelson (district engineer). The Rev.  Father Cooper said grace.  In his short address to the luncheon guests Mr. Gaglardi said,  "Osoyoos is surely one of the jewels of the Okanagan, one of the  most inviting areas iin the province. Plan carefully to develop and  preserve public beach and recreation areas. Future growth will be.  tremendous and one of these days there is going to be a shortage of  recreation areas. They are the key to tourist dollars. The job of  the government is to put in facilities to make these recreation areas  available."  He paid tribute to Mr. Richter as being an MLA of great integrity and ability and "one of the best Ministers of Agriculture we  have ever had. He doesn't let any grass grow under my feet."  He also paid a tribute to the engineers who planned the highway  and the crews who did the work.  Following the Pass ceremonies, many spectators, mayors, reeves  — 79 Opening of the Richter Pass Highway  and village chairmen, and Chamber of Commerce officials from  Princeton to Creston, and from Penticton to the border, proceeded  to a chicken barbecue party sponsored by the Keremeos Board of  Trade in Pine Park.  Later at Memorial Park, the Hon. Phil Gaglardi, the Hon.  Frank Richter and others spoke to the large gathering. Mr. Gaglardi said that this part of the province was one of the loveliest he  had been in. He pointed out the richness of British Columbia and  advised everyone who had property to hold on to it. He said, "This  highway is a road leading into a valley of happy, prosperous and  contented people."  The opening of the Richter Pass section of the Southern Trans-  Canada Highway No. 3 is important to everyone living in the southern part of the province, and is a high point in the history of our  valley.  f    O.H.S. Report 22, 1958, pp 73 - 92.  %   O.H.S. Report 25, .1961, pp 78-101.  ■■•■#  MP  — 80 Observations Along the Richter Pass Highway  By Stan Stodola  For those of us who have lived here for the past 20 years or  more, the opening of the Richter Pass Highway is the culmination  of many things. But most of all, it provides the general motoring  public, and that includes ourselves, with a short route to the coast,  the centre of commerce in B.C.  We can easily recall the long route up to Kaleden and then  circling back to Keremeos. This meant a distance of 51 miles. Later  on, with minor improvements to the Richter Pass cut off, many of  us ventured over the short distance which took us up the sharp  incline from the Osoyoos west bench, up a one-way, corrugated, winding road, into the rolling hills above. We then made another sharp  descent above Richter Lake and then past the old Richter Ranch,  Cawston and into Keremeos to again join up with No. 3. This is  a distance of only 28 miles and although it was slower, it was pre-,  ferred by quite a few for it was a much shorter route.  Many memories remain of those trips, for the road is now a  brand new modern highway.  Richter Pass highway joins No. 3 and No. 97 at the junctiion  at Osoyoos, at an interchange that has to take care of three way  traffic and which is controlled by 76 individual signs on these routes.  The first part of the road crosses the Osoyoos west bench which  is now coming into development. A vineyard and a large acreage  of corn was planted this year and the greenery was a pleasant contrast to the sandy land that was here earlier. The wide sweep of  the full width highway crosses this flat quickly without wasting more  land than necessary, and then starts a gentle rise along the mountain.  From the viewpoint two miles out of Osoyoos the motorist will see  a beautiful panorama of lake, orchards, meadow lands around the  lake, Highway No. 3/97, the Okanagan river channel, village of  Osoyoos, and the Anarchist Mountain highway wending its way up  the opposite mountain.  From here on a road that has passing lanes and is well marked,  the motorist quickly reaches the wide plateau on top which spreads  into the rolling hills. Five miles out of Osoyoos are the Spotted  Lakes, a unique formation which has potentials of a health spa.  The summit is gained, and from there the descent into the  Similkameen Valley begins with a beautiful view of green hay fields,  Richter Lake and a backdrop of the high mountain range in the  — 81 — Observations Along the Richter Pass Highway  distance. On the right ten miles out is the Richter Ranch, now  known as Covert Ranch. Past this is a long stretch of straight  highway which used to be the roughest piece of the journey at one  time.  Nearing the junction with the road to the port of Nighthawk  one sees the sharp contrast between the rolling hills with vegetation  and the solid high mountains, bare of all growth. The Nighthawk  junction is 13 miles out. This will be a more important route as  the U.S. is improving its roads and building a new Customs house.  Very soon are seen the first orchards of the Similkameen. These  are amidst large hayfields, stands of cottonwoods, and alongside the  Similkameen River on the right is the steep mountain. A road leads  off to the left to the Utica Mine which is now in production.  From the higher elevation the road takes a gentle drop and runs  along the old Great Northern Railway track, where there are still  visible a few old log buildings. Crossing the river are old bridges  of wood and steel.  Just before Cawston is the new airfield wriich is being established and which will handle small planes from both sides of the  border. Before one knows it, Cawston is reached, a distance of 23  miles. Then on along by a sawmill and back into the orchards of  Keremeos and packinghouses, more homes and motels.  And then the junction with No. 3, a distance of only 28^ miles  from Osoyoos. From this point one gets a birdseye view of Keremeos, which is an awakening community with its paved streets and  many new buildings.  Down into the village to the turn on No. 3 where there is a  sign which needs correcting. It reads "Penticton 30, Osoyoos 31".  The actual distance is 28.6 miles and there has been assurance that  the sign will be changed.  It is an enjoyable trip now, and one sees orchards, cattle country,  mining, tourist facilities, lakes and rivers along the route.  With a past full of history, the Richter Pass highway stands  on the threshold of a far greater future. For it is off Richter Pass  that the multi-million dollar observatory will be built.  It is an excellent road, engineered well, and one which should  be a pleasure to drive. It is a highway link that will shorten the  journey for the motorist in the world that is moving ahead quickly  and where time is of great importance.  And it is also a link that places Osoyoos at the crossroads of great  highways, a strategic location which will be a contribution to even  greater growth for the community.  — 82 — The Rutland School's 50th Anniversary  By Art Gray  The classrooms of the Rutland Elementary School echoed to the  voices of former scholars and teachers, who had come from far and  near to attend the fiftieth anniversary of the old brick four-room  school built in 1914, on Saturday, October 24, 1964. At the same  time they were participating in the opening of the fine new $45,000  activity room, built immediately behind the school. Open house was  held in the old school during the afternoon, and over 200 people signed  the anniversary guest book and toured the old classrooms, now  brightly modernised and changed from the old days. In Room 1  there was an interesting display of letters from former teachers and  pupils unable to attend. One of these, of unusual interest, was from  Dallas Tanner, son of a former Methodist minister here, who became  a professional baseball player in the U.S.A., and whose greatest claim  to fame, however, was throwing the pitch that Babe Ruth hit out  of the Polo Grounds in New York for his 39th homer the year he  set the world's record! In Room 2 there was an interesting display  of old school books and a contrasting selection of the new modern  text books. Room 3 held a most interesting display of old photographs going back over a half century or more, with class groups,  individual portraits and views of the school and district in the early  RUTLAND SCHOOL CLASSES OF 1916-1917  — 83 — The Rutland School's Fiftieth Anniversary  days. Room 4 was reserved for afternoon teas and was a busy place  indeed.  In the evening the scene shifted to the new Activity Room, a  spacious hall with seats for 500 people, all of which were filled, and  with a stage on which the speakers and special guests were seated.  Presiding over the proceedings was Mr. Charles Hopper, the principal, who introduced the platform guests. These included Mrs.  James Bryd'en of Kelowna, one of the teachers in 1914—the former  Miss Ruby Hunter— and Mrs. C. E. Robertson of Clinton, daughter  of the late R. C. Warden who was principal of the school in 1914-  Mrs. Sovereign, wife of Bishop Sovereign, and Mrs. H. C. DeBeck,  both of Vernon and daughters of Hon. Price Ellison who had  officially opened the school 50 years before. Also on the platform  were Charles Buckland of Rutland, chairman of the school board  of District 23, and several members of the board; D. H. (Pi)  Campbell, popular former principal and Mr. F. J. Orme, district  superintendent of schools, and Hugh Fitzpatrick representing the  Rutland Chamber of Commerce. First on the programme was the  official opening of the Activity Room by Mr. Buckland, who spoke  of the satisfaction felt by the board in the completion of the fine new  building, and presented the keys to Mr. Hopper. Mr. Orme brought  the greetings of the Department of Education, and spoke briefly,  congratulating Rutland on acquisition of the new building. Hugh  Fitzpatrick, Chamber of Commerce representative, welcomed the  former students who had come back to revisit the school and community. Mr. Campbell, now Superintendent of School at Squamish,  spoke in his usual humorous way, of the early days in the district,  and some of the advantages and disadvantages of the "good old  days" in the Rutland school, as he remembered them. A former  student of the school, Mrs. C. E. Davis, widow of the late Rev.  Mr. Davis of Kelowna (nee Eleanor Harrison) then gave some  interesting and amusing comments on happenings, in school and out,  in the early days, with some digs at former schoolmates that brought  roars of laughter. Mr. Hopper then conducted an interview with  the contractor who had built the new Activity Room, and Mr. A. L.  Baldock, who had worked on the construction of the old school in  1914. The contrast in labor and material costs over the fifty year  period proved highly interesting.  Highlight for visiting former pupils came next, when members of  the 1914 classes who were present were called forward, and each in  turn went to the microphone and gave his or her name and the class  of which they were a member. Called upon to take a special bow and  to receive the applause of the gathering was an unheralded visitor  — 84 — The Rutland School's Fiftieth Anniversary  Principal Miss Herkins, 1915-1916, Rutland School, teacher Miss Edna Magee.  From bottom right across and back alternately: George Mjugford, Elder, Bob  White, John Stonehouse, Dudley Fitzpatrick, Everett Wilson, Allan Dalgleish,  Ian MacMillan, Bouvette, Verna Ford, Nora White, Dick Wigglesworth,  Woolsey, Grevelle Harrison, Ken Dalgleish, Elder, Johnnie Harrison, Frank  Bouvette, Don Harrison, Edith Wilson, Jesse Plowman, Doris White, Wilcox,  Laura White, Etta MacDonald, Barbara Harrison, Evelyn Sproule, Mary  Woolsey, Martha Woolsey, Miss Magee, Evaleen Harrison, Elva Fleming, Ernie  Homuth, Ira Magee, Carson Dalgleish, Leslie Davis, Donovan Woolsey, Bert  Dalgleish, Earl Hardie, Wes. Barber, Bill Plowman, Elmer Rice, Amy Fleming,  Alma Wilson, Jean MacDonald, Minnie Campbell, Lois Homuth, Annie Wilson,  Mildred Ford, Alma Mugford, Olive White, Netta Monford, Beth Dalgleish,  Ray Elliot, Lois Campbell, Lillian Sproule, Beth Conroy, Abbie Wilson, Miss  Herkins, Earla MacDonald.  — 85 — The Rutland School's Fiftieth Anniversary  who had arrived just before the proceedings began. This was Harry  Elder, of Hope, B.C. who had been chairman of the board of trustees  here when the school was built in 1914. His son, Joe Elder, was  also present, having driven 850 miles from Saskatchewan to be on  hand for the re-union. Neither knew the other was coming, and it  was a pleasant surprise for both. A pleasing ceremony at this point  was the presentation of a gift to Paul Bach, for 25 years custodian  of the school, and bus driver for almost as long, with an accident  free record. The presentation was made by the Rutland May Queen,  Barbara Morrison, the granddaughter of a 1914 pupil of the school.  The next item of the program was a review of the history of  the school district, from its inception as the Black Mountain School  District in 1896, to the construction of the new school in 1914. It  was history repeating itself in a way, for the speaker was the son of  Samuel Gray who was secretary of the school board, and a trustee  when the 1914 school was built, and at the official opening that  year, who had given a similar review then! The first of all the  schools in the Rutland district (then known as "Black Mountain")  was a log building, erected by American settlers from Idaho and  Washington, who came here in covered wagons in 1893. The school  was built in 1896, and the first teacher was Miss Annie Fenton, who  was paid $10 a month and board (how times have changed!) Later  a frame school was built on the flats. Amongst the teachers there  were W. J. Clement, later editor of the Penticton Press, and Miss  Nichols, who wrote an interesting story in the Okanagan Historical  Society's 1949 Review about "Black Mountain School Days". In  1908 a larger frame school was built in the Rutland village (now  Anne's Dress Shop) on land donated by the Central Okanagan  Lands Co. With the rapid growth of the community through the  bringing in of irrigation and subdivision of the large ranches into  small 10 to 20 acre lots, this school soon became too small, and the  half-acre grounds too confining. During the term of office of  Trustees Harry A. Elder, Thomas Barber and Samuel Gray, the  latter being also secretary, the government was petitioned to build  a four-room school on a four-and-a-half-acre site more centrally  located. The request was granted and Harry W. Raymer, Kelowna  City's first mayor, received the contract. Begun in 1913, it was not  completed until March 10th, 1914. The official opening took place,  however, on January 21st that year, the Hon. Price Ellison killing  two birds with one stone by opening the new Kelowna school the  day previous. The fiftieth anniversary of the Rutland school was  celebrated later in the year, for reasons of convenience too, the  opening of the new spacious  Activity  Room providing  adequate  — 86 — The Rutland School's Fiftieth Anniversary  f  Rutland school taken about 1925.  space for holding such a gathering, and providing a double ceremony,  the anniversary and the turning over of the keys of the Activity  Room.  Besides the many former pupils of the Rutland School (the  name of the school district was changed from Black Mountain in  1915) that attended the re-union, there were many former teachers  who were present, including former Principal Floyd Irwin, Al  Humphreys and Edward Goss, all of Vernon. Concluding the evening's program was the showing of a number of old photos on a  screen by mirroscope, and the chairman then introduced the members  of the "Old Timers" committee that had worked with the school staff  in the arrangements for the 50th anniversary celebration, these being  Jack Hall, Mr. and Mrs. W. D. Quigley, Mrs. F. L. Fitzpatrick, Art  Gray, Rev. E. S. Fleming, Miss Zella Monford and Mrs. Robert  White. The proceedings closed with the singing of "Auld Lang  Syne".  87 — John Armstrong MacKelvie  By Hilda Cochrane  John Armstrong MacKelvie was born on the 14th day of September, 1865, at the City of St. John, N.B., of sturdy, religious  stock. His education was acquired in the public and high schools  of his native city. Inspired by the spirit of adventure he came  west to Calgary in 1883 and served with the Alberta Rifles in the  North-West Rebellion of 1885, tales of which he could recount  with great vividness. After those fighting days, J. A. MacKelvie  spent a year in Calgary then took to the Western trail again in  search of gold.  He reached Vancouver in 1888 when the present great world  port was only an infant railway terminal. After knocking around  the city for a year or so, Mr. MacKelvie heard rumours of a gold  find near Nelson, which started him on the trail for the Interior  of British Columbia. It was by chance that, stopping in Kamloops,  he happened to hear of the newly discovered Okanagan Valley,  where such remarkable results were being secured in farming. Nelson  was far away, the fruitful Okanagan was near at hand.  He crossed over to Vernon and went to work on the BX Ranch  in the summer of 1889, sharing a cabin in Vernon near Seventh  (now Thirty-second) Street and Schubert Street, with the Presbyterian minister, Rev. George Wilson. One story Mr. MacKelvie  liked to tell about himself was that shortly after arriving in Vernon  he was arrested by the police, being mistaken for a horse thief.  Later he assisted in surveying the townsite of Vernon and was a  clerk in the store of the late Mr- Cameron.  In 1893 his level was reached when he assumed the editorship  of. The Vernon News. He would refer to the newspaper as his  only child — certainly many years of his life were given to its  growth. For years he held a commanding position among newspaper writers in the Dominion. He was logical, forceful, a man of  great knowledge, and above all fair, of lofty ideals, and considerate;  a man with a heart who could see the other  fellow's viewpoint.  Perhaps combined with his powers as a journalist was his fame  as a public speaker, few men of the Province of British Columbia  being his equal. Here again his great general knowledge stood  him in good stead. He never spoke without a thorough grasp of his  subject and when Jack MacKelvie spoke his audience listened. Sincerity was the foundation of his eloquence, to which he added  clearness and common sense with constraint which comes with a  frank nature.    Is it to be wondered at  that a man upon whom John Armstrong MacKelvie  nature with a lavish hand had bestowed more than a liberal share  of intellectual power of magnetism, of eloquence and courage, should  attain greater triumph in being elected as Conservative Member of  Parliament for Yale in the 1920 by-election, and again in 1921 in  the general election.  In February, 1902, J. A. MacKelvie married Miss Jessie Stuart  Mclntyre, daughter of Donald Mclntyre of Invernesshire, and in so  doing found a true, loyal and faithful companion. Miss Mclntyre  had been living in Vernon with her uncle and aunt, Mr. and Mrs.  W. Martin, but the marriage took place in Rossland, B.C.  Jack MacKelvie was a man of many gifts. He was a prolific  reader and there was no subject he could not ably discourse upon.  In Ottawa he created a splendid impression from the start. It was  his privilege to second the motion for an address in reply to the  speech from the throne in 1921 and his speech was conceded by  the press of Canada to be the best maiden effort in the House for  several years. He confessed that politics was his one and only  hobby- He was a great organizer and his ability as a platform  orator led to his services being eagerly sought on behalf of every  Conservative candidate who ever sought the favor of the electors  in the Okanagan Valley. He was a political fighter and a clean  and honorable one.  A journalist once referred to John Armstrong MacKelvie as  the Encyclopaedia Okanagansis — for in him was deposited all the  lore and all the knowledge of the entire valley.  A short time before his death he was advised by his medical  advisor to take things a little easier, but this he would not do, and  possibly this had much to do with his sudden death from a heart  attack in Ottawa on June 4th, 1924.  Seldom have so many people attended any function in the city  as turned out to pay their last tribute of respect and love to the  late J. A. MacKelvie. His body had lain in state at the Court House  with a military guard from ten o'clock in the morning of Tuesday,  June 10th, 1924, until two in the afternoon. It was then removed  from the Court House to Poison Park where the funeral service  was held. The pall bearers for this portion of the ceremony were  military men: Col. C. E. Edgett, Col. C. L. Bott, Major H. R.  Denison, Major A. P. Bennett, Lieut, R. Trench, and Lieut. Ross  Johnston. These also were members of the Great War Veterans'  Association.  The procession was joined at the City Hall by the honorary  pall bearers: Col G. C. Johnston, Price Ellison, Dr. K. C. MacDonald,  Mayor  J.   S.  Galbraith,   W.  R.   Megaw, Judge Murphy,  — 89 — John Armstrong MacKelvie  S. A. Shatford and Louis J. Ball. At the corner of Seventh Street  and Barnard Avenue the Masons joined the procession to the park  and the casket was conveyed through their ranks at the park to a  place in front of the grandstand.  The funeral oration was delivered by Arthur O. Cochrane, a  friend of Mr. MacKelvie's for thirty years- To quote from the  ending of his tribute: "John MacKelvie has passed to the Great  Beyond — he had thatched his house in fair weather and had no  need to worry when the storm came, and so bowing to the inevitable,  yet holding in ever tender memory the good qualities, the brotherly  love and the sweet communion of him who has gone before, and  possessing the knowledge as we do that in a little while we too  must go as he has gone, we pause and tenderly and lovingly pay  this tribute to his memory.    Peace be with him."  The funeral service was conducted by Rev. William Guy, minister of St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church, of which Mr. MacKelvie  had been a member, and he was assisted by the ministers of most  of the other churches in Vernon. At the end of the service the  Masonic Order took charge and the pall bearers from this lodge  were Mayor D. W. Sutherland of Kelowna, Leonard Norris, S. C.  Smith, A. McAuley, C. D. Simms and James Vallance. At the  cemetery, after a short service by Rev. Guy, the Masons carried  out the ritual provided for an occasion of this kind and this was  read by W. H. D. Ladner and Hamilton Lang. Mr. MacKelvie  was also a member of the Independent Order of Oddfellows-  Quoting from one of the editorials written after his death:  "A great man of the great West has passed away. A hushed  throng, seated in the grandstand in Poison Park, Vernon, B.C.,  listened with reverent attention when Arthur O. Cochrane delivered  the funeral oration over the body of his dead friend, J. A. MacKelvie,  M.P., publisher of The Vernon News. The people of Vernon and  vicinity mourned the passing of its greatest and most beloved son.  As a clergyman stated in a prayer 'For us he worked; for us, too.  he died'. And that summed up the attitude of the populace to the  dead man, whom Mr. Cochrane described as soldier-patriot, citizen,  journalist, and statesman. The demonstration which took place  at Vernon when Mr. MacKelvie made his last journey through the  town was not because he was the Member of Parliament and had  the respect of his own party and the Liberals alike. It was because  his heart was always in the right place and among those who loved  their fellow men, like Abou Ben Adhem, his name led all the rest."  And so passed on a great man, a man who was mourned by  hundreds of friends throughout the Dominion of Canada.  90 — Central Okanagan Land Co. office next to the old Kelowna Restaurant (where  Capital News is now located). Palace Hotel is now the Royal Anne. Driver  of the white team is J. W. Jones and driver of the three-seater democrat is  Dr. Gaddes.  Central Okanagan Land Company  By Art Gray  In these days of "A.R.D.A." - Agricultural Rehabilitation and  Development Act, to give it full treatment - it may be difficult to  realize that in the early days of the orchard business in the Okanagan,  all development was dependent upon private enterprise, either individual or corporate. Individuals invested their own money - and other  people's too, if. they could borrow it, into speculative land development schemes, to irrigate the early fruit growing areas. Some of  these prejects made money for the promoters, some were losing  propositions for everyone concerned, some because of unsuitability  of the area for fruit growing, and others because of inadequacy of  the water supply.  The Kelowna Land and Orchard Company was one of the  earliest, and a good deal has already been written about their development of the Lequime Estate and other properties, and the Irrigation system they developed in Canyon Creek and elsewhere. The  Central Okanagan Lands came later on the scene. The Kelowna  Courier of October 18, 1906 reports the sale of property belonging  to Price Ellison, near the Rutland Estate, a total of 1665 acres comprising the Campbell and Goldie places, and part of the Simpson  Ranch, and the flats across the Vernon Road from the Dilworth  Ranch, known locally as the "Ellison Flats". The report stated the  price to be around $100,000, a relatively high price for what was  largely range.    Two months later the Courier reported that "The  — 91 — Central Okanagan Land Co.  Central Okanagan Land Co. obtained options on 6,000 acres in Dry  Valley, including the Morrison, Murray and Gordon Ranches, and  part of the Dilworth range". The company proceeded to develop  the property acquired from Price Ellison, in what was then called  the Black Mountain District, but later named Rutland. Their property dove-tailed in with that of the Rutland Estate, subdivided and  put on the market by the group headed by D. W. Sutherland, known  as the Okanagan Fruit & Land Co., the previous year.  To provide irrigation for the project the company constructed a  dam in Mill Creek, in the hills east of the district, and diverted the  water from the Creek lower down east of the Postill Ranch, and  constructed a long main ditch on the hillside to carry the water  south to their newly surveyed ten and twenty-acre lots. They later  served lands near the Whelan Ranch from the same system. The  company operated from a small white office building on Bernard  Avenue, Kelowna, close to the Palace Hotel. With water in prospect for irrigation, they began to bring in parties of "land-seekers"  from the prairies. Dr. W. H. Gaddes (a veterinarian) and J. W.  Jones looked after the prospects as they arrived. W. E. Adams,  an early associate, worked in the office for a time, and later went  to the prairies for several years, to organize the groups of prospective buyers. The lots were from 10 to 20 acres in size and sold for  $150 to $200 per acre, the company operating the irrigation system  and selling the water to the users at a flat rate.  Some irrigated orchards were already coming into production  on the Rutland Estates, and provided proof to the incoming prairie  folk that fruit trees would grow there. Sam Sproule, Clemenson,  Phipps, Sutcliffe and Bond, and C. T. D. Russell were some of the  early orchardists already on the Rutland Estate. The first settlers  reported on the new C.O.L. properties, by the Courier, were Milton  and Robert Bird, whose location there is chronicled in the December  26, 1907 issue of the Courier. The first named, incidentally, was  J. W. Jones' father-in-law, and the property he bought is now the  Rutland Centennial Park. Shortly after we read that "Mr. Dan  McDonald from Calgary is going to build a store and residence".  When this was completed a post office was opened in it, and was  given the name of "Rutland". That same year the Methodist church  at Dry Creek, on the Dilworth property, was moved to a site on  the C.O.L. development, the dedication service being held April 9th,  1908, Rev. J. H. Wright of New Westminster taking the service.  In 1908 a new school was built in the vicinity of the store and post  office, on an acre of land donated by the Central Okanagan Lands Co.  The company sold their lands on the hillside in larger lots (20  — 92 — Central Okanagan Land Co.  Land-seekers on board S.S. Okanagan. Dr. Gaddes, in charge of the party, is  in the middle row, second from right, with moustache. Tallest man, with bowler  hat, is E. Davis, who later became head of the provincial water-rights branch,  Victoria. Tall, bare-headed man in back row is G. W. Woolsey who became  first manager of the Kelowna Growers' Exchange.  acres mostly) and at a lower price per acre, due to the light covering  of pine trees necessitating clearing. Mixed with them was the  occasional stately "Ponderosa" as we call them now. As it turned  out, these were the best orchard properties of all, and the higher  priced level lands on the flat proved subject, -in places, to frosts,  while other lots too stoney, or became wet and boggy as more hillside  land came under water. When I write of these matters, it is from  personal knowledge, for my father bought one of those C.O.L. lots  in 1908. He was fortunate in obtaining a hillside location, though  that was a matter of luck - he bought it for the view! I also worked  later on, after leaving school, as a timekeeper in one of their camps,  when they were lining the main canals with concrete, to conserve  the precious water that was seeping away through the gravelly soil.  Among the early settlers on the C.O.L. properties there were  the three Schell brothers, Will, Willis and George, the first two  being twins. They were big men, originally from Ontario, and all  carpenters. They built many of the homes for the incoming settlers,  as well as homes for themselves, and also built the parsonage at the  Methodist church. There was Ernest Davis, a big tall Englishman,  with a blond moustache, who purchased a rather steep 20-acre hill-  93 — Central Okanagan Land Co.  side property. He was a civil engineer, and he laid out his tree rows  on the contour to facilitate the ditch irrigation. The orchard proved  difficult to cultivate, except straight up and down, due to the irregular width of the rows. He later put his talents to more profitable  use by working as an engineer for the Water Rights branch,  eventually becoming the Water Comptroller at Victoria. In that  capacity he will be remembered by most Irrigation District officials  and trustees as a quiet spoken man of few words, one of which, most  frequently used, was "No!" W. R. Reed was another newcomer,  who bought a ten-acre property and got into the irrigation end of  the business, becoming later the manager of the Glenmore Irrigation  District. John Mack, with a broad Scottish accent, who loved to  quote "Robbie Burns", was another early settler, and Jack Hall,  who established a greenhouse on the Vernon road later, and still  resides in the district. Then there was young England, as English  as his name, fresh from the old country, who bought a hopeless  ten-acre block of clay, and later moved to Kelowna, and met an  untimely death in a sailing boat accident during one of Okanagan  Lake's sudden squalls. There were the hard working Scottish partners, Duncan and Wallace, located next to Davis, confirmed bachelors  who surprised their neighbors by marrying later in life, Wallace  marrying Mrs. Barbara Harrison, a widow.  There were others who came in with one or other of the parties  of land-seekers, brought in by J. W. Jones or Dr. Gaddes, who did  not buy from them, but preferred to acquire ready built homes, and  already planted orchards, on the Rutland Estate. One of these was  John Woolsey, who bought the Phipps property, with the largest  house in the district, and an orchard coming into bearing. He  was to become the first Manager of the Kelowna Growers Exchange when that co-operative was reorganized out of the old  Farmers Exchange. A daughter,, Mrs. L. M. Wanless still resides  in the district. John Morrison, whose property in Dry Valley the  company had bought, acquired a small ranch on Mill Creek, part of  the old Goldie property. A pioneer who had worked for the Aber-  deens when they owned the Guisachan, back in the early nineties.  The Morrison home, still standing, and belonging to the Curtis  family, was the scene of many dances for the young folk of the  district. The place later was owned by the Sexsmiths, after whom  the road is now named.  A note in the Courier of May 12, 1909 tells of the irrigation  system of the Okanagan Lands Company in the Rutland district  being completed. The company then turned their attention to Dry  Valley, and took steps to deliver the life-giving water to that area,  — 94 — Central Okanagan Land Co.  in an even earlier era had been known by the discouraging name of  "Starvation Flats". There were plenty of skeptics who thought that  even with irrigation, fruit trees would never grow there. To reach  the valley a syphon was run across the Ellison district and up into  the north end of Glenmore, where it was emptied into a concrete  canal. A regulating reservoir was established, and irrigation flumes  were built through the valley, down almost to the city limits of  Kelowna. The irrigation system was divorced from the Central  Okanagan Land Co., and handled through a separate company called  the Kelowna Irrigation Co. It was a far-sighted move, as it turned  out, for when the depression came along and irrigation charges  went unpaid, the insolvency of the Irrigation Company did not  affect the shareholders of the land company. W. R. Reed became  the manager of the irrigation company.  The name of Dry Valley being hardly a suitable name under  which to advertise the new orchard lands, a competition was held to  choose a new name, a prize of $100 being offered. Many names  were sent in, and some humorists bandied around such names as  "Gumbo Flats", "Hardpan Hollow", "Alkali Akres" and so on, but  the name finally chosen, "Glenmore", was sent in by three persons.  One, a gentleman, politely declined to share the prize, which was  divided between two ladies, one being Mrs. John Morrison, and the  other Mrs. A. R. Walker of Kelowna. The name, of Scottish origin,  was stated to mean "beautiful valley", but it took an optimist indeed  to look at that dry valley then and see it as beautiful!  View of north-west part of Rutland district about 1905, before Central Okanagan  Land Co. development.   Taken from approximate location of Jack Hall's present  home.  — 95 — Central Okanagan Land Co.  At this particular time the principals in the company, as listed  in the Glenmore Centennial booklet, were Dr. Gaddes, President;  J. W. Jones, N. D. McTavish, W. E. Adams, S. V. Bray, R. A.  Copeland and J. N. Thompson. A bond issue of half a million  dollars was floated, of which $300,000 worth was sold in Britain.  The land, which had been purchased from John Morrison, James  and Joseph Murray, Tom Murray, Robert McKay, Robert Munson,  Alex Gordon and James Lawrence, was subdivided into lots from  10 to 16 acres in size, and a large part of the property was marketed  in the east, through the McLeay Brothers, of Montreal and Ottawa,  and many of the early settlers were from the Eastern Townships  of Quebec. Prices were set at from $250 to $450 an acre, the higher  priced properties being closer to the City of Kelowna. Amongst the  earliest settlers were J. S. McKenzie, Ken MacLaren, George Kerr,  George Hume, W. J. Rankin, who came to the district in 1910 and  1911. William and Richard Stewart came from Ireland, and  founded the Stewart Brothers nurseries. William went on to  Australia, and later died of wounds while serving in Gallipoli with  the Australians. Dick continued the nursery business, which is now  carried on by his sons.  In Glenmore, as in Rutland, it was found that the hillside  orchards did the best, and frost plagued the orchards in the bottom  lands. Nevertheless the valley changed, in the course of time, to  live up to the promise of its name of "Glenmore". In common with  almost all the irrigated districts of the Okanagan and the Similkameen, the privately owned irrigation company failed, and was replaced with an "improvement district", financed by loans from the  province's Conservation Fund. In Rutland the defunct Kelowna  Irrigation Company's system was amalgamated with the Rutland  Estate and the Belgo-Canadian Company's systems and storage, to  form the Black Mountain Irrigation District, to become the second  largest irrigation system in the province, and financed by the Conservation fund loans like the others. In Glenmore the Mill Creek  dam (Postill Lake) continued to be the source of irrigation supply,  the district sharing it only with Ellison, as the Rutland section of  the system swung over to Mission Creek for its source of supply.  With the most of their rural acreages sold, the Central Okanagan Lands Co., turned to city real estate. Dr. Gaddes and N. D.  McTavish continued in the business for some years, and the present  day realty firm of Charles Gaddes and Son is the direct descendent  of the old C.O.L. J. W. Jones, probably the most aggressive and  ambitious of the group, got into civic politics, and became Mayor of  Kelowna in 1912, after serving three years as an Alderman.    He  — 96 — Central Okanagan Land Co.  held the office of Mayor until 1916 when he entered provincial  politics as Conservative candidate for the new riding of South  Okanagan, winning election over the popular school principal, L.  V. Rogers. He retained the seat in succeeding elections, and in 1932  became the Minister of Finance. In 1933 the Tolmie government  was crushingly defeated, and "Jimmy" Jones lost South Okanagan  to a young U.B.C. professor, Dr. Alan Harris. This ended his  political career.  Of all those who played an active part in the Central Okanagan  Lands story, only W. R. Reed and W. E. Adams are still resident  in Kelowna. The former resides in a cosy cottage on Manhattan  Beach, and the latter lives in an attractive bungalow on the lake-  shore on the southern outskirts of the city. Burgeoning subdivisions  are cutting into the acreage of the Glenmore and the Black Mountain  Irrigation Districts. In the case of the former, it is the expanding  city of Kelowna that is taking over, as bulldozers steadily and relentlessly push out the rows of fruit trees in the lower part of the valley  to make room for more streets and more houses. In Rutland a  veritable town has sprung up in the midst of the district, and subdivisions are eating up more and more of the flat lands.  The one-time "stoney flats" of Price Ellison's day in the Black  Mountain district, and the "Dry Valley" lands have acquired a value  never dreamed of by their residents of sixty years ago.  HjftH  — 97 Picnic of Okanagan Historical Society at Hedley, June 13, 1965.  Okanagan Historical Society's Hedley Picnic  By Eric D. Sismey  Picnics to historic sites have been sponsored for the last few  years by the Okanagan Historical Society and the Boundary group  alternately.  This year it was Okanagan's turn and Victor Wilson, President  of the Penticton branch, with the co-operation of President Sam  Manery and Vice-president Herb. Clark of the Similkameen branch  decided that after visits to historic locations at Cawston and Keremeos  the picnic would be held at Hedley.  This was a happy choice because many of our two dozen Boundary guests drove, for the first time, the new road through Richter's  Pass which follows the track of the Dewdney Trail. In fact, their  whole journey, a little more than 80 miles, would never be more  than an arrow's flight from where the footfall of men, horses and  cattle stirred up the dust of the old trail from 1865 until after the  turn of the century.  Sunday, June 13, a typical Okanagan-Similkameen day, comfortably warm, the hills surrounding the valleys still cloaked with the  verdure of spring. Along the roadside wild roses bloomed; syringas  breathed a delicate fragrance- lupin and giallardia splashed it with  blue and gold.  At Cawston, cars from as far as Grand Forks and Kelowna,  — 98 Okanagan Historical Society's Hedley Picnic  parked along a byway facing a microphone in the school baseball park  where Victor Wilson, Master of'Ceremonies, introduced Sam Manery.  You may not realize, Manery said, that the Similkameen Valley  was one of the first in British Columbia to feel a whiteman's tread.  Alexander Ross was here in 1813.  Ross, one of J. J. Astor's men, reached the mouth of the  Columbia aboard the sailing ship "Tonquin" where a depot was  built by the Pacific Fur Company in 1811. In July, when David  Stuart was instructed to explore the interior, with a view to trade,  Alexander Ross was one of his party. After building a 16 x 20  driftwood storehouse where the Okanagan joins the Columbia, Stuart  with three men followed the Okanagan to its source where they  wintered with the Shuswaps- During Stuart's absence Ross kept  a solitary vigil — 188 days — through the winter 1811-1812.  Later when a larger, more permanent fort was built on the  south bank of the river, Ross was left in charge. His journal records  an exploratory journey into the Similkameen in 1813 and when  the Pacific Fur Company was taken over by the Northwest Company in 1814, Ross joined the company.  When Fort Okanogan was abandoned in 1859, the Hudson's  Bay Company — which had absorbed the Northwest Company —  moved from the United States into the Similkameen and the old  building you see over there, our community hall, stands on the  site of the first Hudson's Bay" post.  In 1864, the (first settlers in the persons of F. X. Richter and  Manuel Barcello arrived. And behind me, not a quarter mile away  hidden in that grove of cottonwoods, is the Richter house on the  "R" Ranch built about 1880. It is still sound and is occupied by  A. H. Cawston, son of R. L. Cawston who purchased the ranch  in 1885.  From Cawston the caravan drove to the William Munden ranch  on the upper bench road at Keremeos where the first grist mill  south of Okanagan Mission was built by Barrington Price and  Henry Nicholson. The Victoria Colonist, August 21, 1877, reported:  "Mr. Barrington Price will start his flour mill on the Similkameen  in two or three weeks ..." The building, still in good condition,  now serves as a studio for the young artist, Weldon Munden, who  lives with his family in the restored log house built in the early  1870's.  After leaving the Munden ranch, a short stop was made at  the ball park in Keremeos where Herb Clark touched lightly on  the history of the town.  Keremeos, he said, is the whiteman spelling of an Indian name  — 99 — Okanagan Historical Society's Hedley Picnic  •■J.-      §*■•  Sam Manery, Victor Wilson and Herb Clark at picnic of OHS, June 13, 1965,  at Keremeos.  .often translated as "Windy Valley" but which, I am told, should  rather be "Creek crossing dry land space". Both translations, however, are appropriate.  When the Great Northern Railway came through in 1908, a  new town developed along the railroad and all that is left of the  old town on the bench are crumbling ruins; Harry Tweedle's Kere-  moes Hotel and livery barn, the general store and other buildings.  It is 18 miles from Keremeos to Hedley along Highway 3;  let's call it half an hour's drive. Really a full day is hardly enough  time to explore and examine the many places of historical interest  along the way. There is, however, a fascinating booklet, "Similkameen, the Pictograph Country", prepared and illustrated by N. L.  Barlee, a member of the Penticton society. It costs a dollar, it covers  the roadside country from Princeton to Nighthawk on the international boundary, it should be on every historian's bookshelf.  When the caravan reached the Hedley school play field more  than sixty cars were registered, their passengers together with  people from the village brought the number sitting down to the  picnic to more than 200.  Among those enjoying goodies from picnic baskets and tea or  coffee brewed over an open fire were Mr. and Mrs. C. D. Cameron,  President of the Okanagan Historical Society, from Kelowna; Mrs.  Lois Hagen, MLA for the Greenwood-Boundary riding; Mr. Maurice  — 100 — Okanagan Historical Society's Hedley Picnic  Finnerty, Mayor of Penticton; and 91-year-old Jim Gow, presently  of Hedley, but who had lived in Rossland 50 years ago when it  was known as "The Golden City".  From one direction we had guests from Victoria, from the  other visitors from over the mountains at Calgary.  After lunch, at the microphone, a panel, Messrs. Victor Wilson,  Sam Manery, Herb Clark and Harley Hatfield touched on the  history of Hedley and particularly on the Nickel Plate mine above  the town.  Usually when mining is discussed the emphasis is placed on  placer gold and tales are bandied around of values of a hundred, a  thousand dollars to the pan. But in effect placer gold is often no  more than the spark which leads to lode mines- And while there  is still talk of the golden gravels of the Cariboo, Wildhorse Creek  and the Yukon, the lode mines of British Columbia have yielded  more wealth, useful wealth, than all the placers on the continent.  In the early days prospectors tramping the Dewdney Trail  paused to wonder at the twisted strata near the top of a mountain  on the west side of Twenty-mile Creek. The Indians called it  "Sna-za-ist" - "Twisted rock place".  Experienced prospectors attracted to the top of the hill staked  the first claims in 1894. By 1898 a group of claims was consolidated into the Nickel Plate mine and in 1899 Cahill staked a fraction, about an acre, which was to become the famous Hedley-Mas-  cot, one of the richest fractions in British Columbia mining history.  From this lot-size piece of ground more than a million dollars in  gold and silver was taken.  Near the top of the hill, on the left of the old tramway the  buildings of the Hedley-Mascot mine can be plainly seen from here.  They are balanced on a rocky bluff, what you cannot see are the  handrails along walkways between bunkhouse, cookhouse and other  buildings which guarded against a tumble of nearly half a mile.  During the life of the Nickel Plate mine 1900-1940, ore brought  down the tramway yielded nearly fifty million dollars in gold and  silver, more than a million dollars a year.  Hedley, at its hey-day, was a wide open mining town where  hotels and saloons ran around the clock for seven days a week. Yet,  withal, there was a.cultural side, a newspaper, golf course, whist  drives, dances, concerts and all that sort of thing. There was also  a bank and a hospital.  At the conclusion of these talks Mrs. Hagen, at the microphone,  thanked  the  Okanagan  society   for  the interesting outing  — 101 — Okanagan Historical Society's Hedley Picnic  which she had enjoyed, and she complimented those who had organized everything so thoroughly.  A'number of the picnickers accepted the invitation, made earlier,  to drive to the buildings of the old concentrator where Mr. A. J.  Winkler explained the generalities of concentration. The first step  was to crush large chunks to a size suitable for the stamp mills.  From the stamps the ore went into ball mills where it was ground  to a floury dust and from there it was mixed with water and spread  over the vanners (shaker tables) where the valuable metals and the  gangue were separated. After this, concentration was finished in  a cyaniding process-  This explanation is very sketchy, Mr. Winkler said, during the  life of the mine concentrating methods were changed several times  not only to take care of changes in the ore but also to take advantage of newer processes.  At one time gold bricks were cast at the concentrator but in  later years the concentrates were sent to the smelters, to Tacoma or  to Trail.  Others, myself among them, drove around the old town which,  unlike many other mining camps, never lapsed into a ghost town.  After the mines closed down in 1940, a number of people, wiser than  most, realized that the well-built empty houses could be bought for  the proverbial song. They recognized that Hedley would be ideal  for quiet retirement where taxes would be low, water cheap and  at the same time only a stone's throw from the southern trans-  provincial highway.  A drive around the tree-shaded streets shows how wise these  people were for Hedley is a quiet community of well-tended houses  surrounded by lawns and flowers.  Of interest, we were told, is activity at the mine again, exactly  what is being done is a closely kept secret. It is not unusual, however, for modern methods with modern tools to uncover new ore-  bodies and it is an exciting thought that the Nickel Plate may, once  again, pour out a stream of wealth.  Suggested reading:  The Nickel Plate Mine, 1898 -1932        by H. D. Barnes  15th Report (1951) Okanagan Historical Society  — 102 — FAIRVIEW BOOTH AT PENTICTON PEACH FESTIVAL  Fairview Booth at the Penticton Peach Festival  By Eric Sismey  The display booth at the 1965 Penticton Peach Festival advocating the restoration of Old Fairview as a provincial park was designed,  assembled and tended by members of the Okanagan Historical Society.  Its purpose was to invite public attention and to try to convince  the government that it would have historic value not only equal to  Barkerville and Fort Steele, but that it also had enthusiastic local  support.  The scale model of Fairview, once the most important town in  FAIRVIEW BOOTH AT PENTICTON PEACH FESTIVAL  — 103 — Fairview Booth at the Penticton Peach Festival  the Interior, was built by pupils of the Reverend Alvin Miller,  pastor of the Lutheran Church of Our Redeemer.  The scenic background was painted by a talented Naramata  boy, Jack Thompson and the map of the original townsite was prepared, after careful research, by Vernon Simpson of Oliver.  During the festival, slides, many in colour, others copied from  old photographs, taken from the collections of the Reverend Miller  and Victor Wilson, were projected automatically. Not shown in  the above photographs were household articles of the 1890's loaned  by members of the society and the mannequin was dressed in original  costume right down to her high laced boots-  More than 250 persons signed the register in support of the  project while visitors from the United States and the prairie provinces  expressed their interest.  In October the display, in its entirety, was exhibited at the Rotary  Harvest Festival in Kelowna.  *§B§*  — 104 — Thomas Gray of Mara  By Dr. John Goodfellow  (In an old copy of Wrigley's B.C. Directory (1919) we find Mara described  as "an excellent mixed farming district". Among the sixty people listed as  resident in the district is the name of Mr. Thomas Gray, farmer. The following  notes of his life were supplied by him in August, 1936, during a visit to his  daughter in Princeton, Mrs. E. Doerflinger, who is now resident at Grindrod.  Mr. Gray died at Mara on July 5, 1941. —J.G.)  The third eldest of three boys and seven girls in the family  of Robert Gray and Anna Fountain, Thomas Gray was born in  Naburn, on the River Oose, four miles from York, England, on  July 20, 1854. He came of sturdy farming ancestors,, his grandfather having worked on a farm near Naburn for 48 years. Robert  Gray, father of Thomas, was flour mill waggoner, and afterwards  a dealer in farm produce. Son Thomas was educated at the local  school between the ages of five and fourteen, "when he didn't have  to work." With others in the family he attended Church of England services on Sundays.  When asked to explain how he came to think of coming to  Canada, he said he had a good position at the time, being foreman  on a farm when he was eighteen. As apprentice, for three years he  had received £5, £8 and £11; as foreman he was paid £30 a year.  For some weeks he had not been feeling up to par, and went to York  to see a druggist, who said, "Young man, a trip across the ocean'll  do you more good than anything else." His work year ended in  November, and in December he sailed for Halifax, arriving there  January 8, 1883. He had had fourteen years' experience on the farm,  and was thus well equipped for life in Canada.  After a brief stay in Toronto, he went to Winchelsea, near  Exeter, Ontario, and stayed with an Uncle till spring. After farming near London for $20 a month, he returned to Toronto. There  he worked laying curbstones on King and Queen streets, where  Simpson stores now stand. That winter, 1883-84, he was night  watchman at Pickering College, near Toronto.  Early in 1884 Mr. Gray went to Lake Superior, and worked in  a quarry near Nipigon, where he spent the summer quarrying red  sandstone. Mail was received at the neighboring Hudson's Bay Post.  Wages ranged from $2.25 to $2.50 a day. That fall he went to New  Orleans, and, being familiar with horses, was employed as ostler.  In the spring of 1885 he was in Chicago, and there read in the  newspapers that men were wanted in British Columbia for work on  — 105 — Thomas Gray of Mara  the Canadian Pacific Railway. To job applicants the fare was only  $3, and Mr. Gray was soon on his way west. He came as far as  steel had been laid, to Beaver Mouth, near Golden, B.C. Andrew  Onderdonk had charge of the western section which extended east  to Griffith Lake. He worked for sub-contractor G. B. Wright. Mr.  Gray said the lines east and west should have met at Griffith Lake,  where the builders met, but the track layers met at Craigellachie on  November 5, 1885, and there the last spike was driven in.  The winter of 1885-86 was spent cutting cord wood for the  wood-burning locomotives; and trapping in Three Valley and around  Griffith Lake. In 1886 he planned to travel to the Okanagan in  search of land, but Dave Palterman (who hailed from near Naburn  in Yorkshire) persuaded him to stay, so with Alex McLeod he  contracted to work on part of the gumbo section near Revelstoke.  On April 1, 1887, Gray and McLeod headed south in search of  land, hiking from Sicamous to Kelowna where they camped on the  beach. Next day they wanted to cross the lake. Pointing south,  Tom said to his partner, "Alex, you go that way and I'll go this way,  and the first canoe you see, get it." Tom had not gone far north  when he met Ronald McLean, who had worked on Boundary Survey  and for the HBC, and had a ranch below Penticton. Mac was  loading his boat with provisions, and the two hikers agreed to work  their passage. The lake was calm as glass till they crossed over and  passed Westbank Point. The squall drove them back, and they  found shelter for the night in the lee of the Point.  The adventurers had not been slow to tell the object of their  journey, and Mac told them of a piece of land he thought would  suit them. Tom Ellis had had this surveyed, but Mac did not  think he had filed on it. They were greatly pleased with what they  saw, and hurried back to Vernon, but Mr. Dewdney would not file  it for them. The land they had in mind is today the site of West  Summerland.  The next episode has to do with two partners, Joe Bishop and  Mike Hupel, each of whom had an interest in a quarter section about  twelve miles south of Sicamous. Mr. Gray gave Joe Bishop $25 for  his interest. After the land was surveyed it appeared that Hupel  had prior claim, and Bishop had to give Gray $75 for work done.  So matters stood for a time.  In the spring of 1888 Gray and McLeod determined to go  south again. This time they travelled on horseback, horses being  bought from Frank Young and George Wallace, who owned the  hotel at Lansdowne between Armstrong and Enderby. They travelled  — 106 — Thomas Gray of Mara  to Mission, on to McLean's ranch, and to Peter Mclntyre's place.  For Mclntyre they cut logs, and sawed them for Frank Richter at  Keremeos. Mclntyre offered Gray 160 acres if he would stay with  him, but Tom did not realize the potential value of the land (what  would these acres be worth today?). Gray worked for Mclntyre  for three months, to end of July, 1888. Then he returned to the  ranch. Instead of getting $75 from Mike Hupel, he gave Hupel  $75, and the cayuse, saddle and bridle to boot, and got the ranch  in return. "And that's how I came to be here today." In 1894 he  was married to Miss Kathleen Haydenberg. In 1913 he visited  Australia.   He was one of the pioneer settlers of the Mara district.  ~°4fc°~  — 107 — Reminiscences of the Okanagan & Similkameen  By Alfred S. Thomas  My wife and I very much enjoyed the Okanagan Historical  Society Field Day and Picnic recently held at Hedley, B.C. We  enjoyed meeting old schoolmates also old acquaintances of our parents  and friends. We talked about the old days and how our parents  helped to pioneer the Okanagan and Similkameen. We discussed our  common interests, for these helped to inspire patriotism. It made  me thankful that my grandparents had the insight to develop this  region.  The history of the old mines and towns gave an accurate picture  of the development of the area, and I could not help having recollections of the place. I can remember coming into Hedley down the  grade where we had the picnic in a one-horse two-wheeled buggy  heading straight down the street to where the blacksmith with his  leather apron worked his bellows and made sparks fly from his anvil.  There was usually a horse in the stall ready to be shod. The blacksmith's name was Ed Burr. His family presently run the Burr  Motors at Princeton.  My mother's pictures of the Similkameen and Okanagan go  back farther than mine, and my grandmother's farther still. Grandmother, Mrs. John Fall Allison, started raising her family at Princeton then moved to what is now called Westbank. Her first two  children, Edgar and William, were born at Hope and Princeton  and the third, Beatrice, at the old Hudson's Bay Trading Post at  Keremeos. She and her husband then moved to Westbank, had  another five children, and acquired considerable livestock. In 1880  when her seventh child, my mother, was two years old and the  eighth was a baby, they decided to move back to Princeton. They  left their place at Westbank, took a drove of seventy-five horses  and camped on Trout Creek.  Grandmother and Grandfather, John Fall Allison, had another  six children and started raising cattle. In those times there were  no roads into the country, only Indian trails and horse trails. The  large log house that Allison built became a recognized haven and  stopping place. There was a blacksmith shop where you could shoe  a horse, and a place where you could buy supplies for the trail. It  was a place where people gathered from many miles around on mail  day, once a month in summer and not at all in winter. The mail  came over the mountain by courier or pack horse from the coast.  Frequently travellers from a great distance stopped on their way  — 108 — Reminiscences of the Okanagan and Similkameen   to the coast as was the case with General Sherman and his military  escort after settling matters with Sitting Bull after Custer's massacre.  In those times cattle were driven over the Dewdney Trail, sometimes  called the Hope Trail; then taken down the Fraser River by boat  to New Westminster to be sold. Allison ranged cattle around his  holdings for ranchers such as Ellis, Cawston and Barcelo.  Allison's house burned, leaving them to face a hard winter with  meagre supplies. Another house built to replace it was undermined  and washed down the river by extremely high water. At this time  the town of Princeton had been founded so many people helped to  build the third and last of their log homes.  Miss Caroline Allison, later to be my mother, while in her teens,  stayed with the Reverend Thomas Green, who was to be her tutor.  The Reverend Green was the first rector of the Ellis Church, later  called St. Saviours, in Penticton. During her stay with Rev- Greene,  Miss Allison had her share of household duties.  While staying with the Greenes Miss Allison was bridesmaid  at the first wedding in the church. It was the wedding of Lily Allison  and John Norman. S. D. Sands from Princeton was best man. In  the year 1902 Caroline made up her mind to leave home in Princeton.  She journeyed by horseback to Penticton. She stopped at the Daly  Ranch at Keremeos. In Penticton she married Mr. William H.  Thomas, who owned about four hundred acres a mile east of town  on what is now known as highway three. Mr. Thomas was the son  of Charles H. Thomas of Gloucester, England. They were married  by Rev. I. R. Hill, an Anglican minister who was in temporary  charge of the Penticton church. Among the guests registered at  the wedding were Wilhelmina Ellis, Violet Ellis, Eva Ellis and Alfred  H. Wade. On the journey back to Princeton they stopped at the  home of Frank Richter in Keremeos (the father of our present  MLA). As a result I like to tell newer arrivals "I landed in Princeton in the year 1903."  My earliest recollections are connected with many incidents such  as hanging on to the back of a saddle while riding behind one of my  parents. Later my parents made several holiday trips to Penticton  by horse and buggy, for by this time there were passable roads for  buggies, stage coaches, and four or six horse freight wagons heavily  loaded. Our first overnight stop was usually at Keremeos either  at the Daly Ranch, Cawstons, or the Kirby Hotel. By noon the  next day we had dinner at Clark's near the summit of the Green  Mountain Road. It was a stopping place for stagecoaches. I remember Mrs. Clark giving me a postcard of three monkeys on it. One  had its hands over its ears, one had its hands over its eyes, and one  — 109 — Reminiscences of the Okanagan and Similkameen  had its mouth covered. She explained to me that it meant "Hear  no evil, see no evil, and speak no evil."  Around Penticton out camps were usually on the lake shore  where later Dad built a house and sold it to Mr. Helps. There were  only four or five houses between Main Street and the river at that  time.  I don't remember many names on the earliest trips on the Aberdeen. The Powers family were there. MacDonald had a boat house  and McFee had a farm on the bench- Later, around 1909, the conversation would contain such names as Shatford, Warren, Nesbit  and Bird, Ernest Nichols, Ernest Thomas, Winkler and Estabrooks,  but they were not what a small boy was interested in. I was interested in how fast I could go on the one plank sidewalk that was  there to make it easier for people to walk along the sandy beaches.  I was interested in the large red ant piles under some of the trees  along the lake front, and in gaffing kickininnies out of Penticton  Creek with the aid of a candle stuck through the side of a lard pail.  Now, to glance quickly down the path of half a century. We  saw the first gramaphones, we rode in the first automobile in our  community, we saw the Great Northern Railroad build a spur into  B.C. over which tremendously long ice trains hauled blocks of ice  from Otter Lake near Tulameen down to Spokane, Washington.  We were there when contractors Guthrie and McDougal built the  Kettle Valley Railroad into Princeton. We witnessed the wonder of  wireless telegraphy. We bought our first radios. While some of  us went, to school, our uncles were fighting in the First World War.  We saw the first aeroplanes flying. We saw the old livery barn  and harness shop be replaced by the garage.  My path led me to California for a course in Bible School in  the Foursquare group where my path led me back to British Columbia in the time of the depression. I worked for twenty cents a day  to help turn our old race course into an airport. I worked in the  Okanagan picking fruit at different times — at Vernon, Kelowna  and Penticton. In the depression times the fruit tramp was lucky  if he made expenses by the time he had wintered. My path led me  to Hedley where, after many times climbing the mountains in the  hot sun, I went to work for the Kelowna Exploration Co. in the  old Nickel Plate Mine, and married Miss Barbara Brown from  Edinburgh, Scotland. I took her to her new home where I worked  as hoistman on the Nickel Plate Tram Line. We did not always  sing that old song, "There's a Gold Mine in the Sky", but we did  sit up there and watch the world go by.  After being discharged from the army at the end of the Second  110 Reminiscences of the Okanagan and Similkameen  World War, I worked for many construction companies- After  this I travelled up the coast as maintenance man for the B.C. Packers.  Back in Vancouver I worked for different companies, then back to  Princeton where I had charge of the property from my father's estate.  He died in 1959, and was buried in Allison cemetery about a mile  from Princeton. Mother lives and travels about the valley in a comfortable automobile on excellent highways. To me she is as others  would say of their parents "The Grand Old Lady of Princeton and  the Queen of the Similkameen."  As I said in the beginning of this writing, I cannot help remembering the old days and my life as a young boy. My grandmother  once said to me, quoting an old proverb from Solomon, "Remove  not the ancient landmark..." I cannot help but think that there  are those who are hypnotized by the increase of knowledge and try  to change things that should not be changed.  Our country has established laws based on honour and honesty.  There is the unselfish devotion to duty that sent our soldiers into  two world wars. The Spirit of God in man is not of any group  monopoly. It held the goodness of our parents in horse and buggy  days and will hold us to good purpose today.  -40^  in — FLORENCE WATERMAN WILSON  FLORENCE BAKER WARREN WATERMAN WILSON  By Eric Sismey  EDITOR'S   NOTE:  The  following article is republished in  this  report by  courtesy of The Islander, magazine section of the Victoria Daily Colonist.  There are not many women living today who have ridden horseback from Hope on the Fraser Valley to Vermillion Forks (Princeton) over the Dewdney trail; it was a three-day trip. It is also more  than probable that there has been no other woman to ride that eighty  miles side-saddle with an infant daughter on her lap and with three  milch goats in the caravan. But this was the way Florence Baker  Waterman, nee Warren, made the journey in 1901.  I have known something of the highlights of this adventure for  some years and I thought I could take up the story from there but  when I learned that Florence was born on the island of Cyprus I  began to search for the threads that would lead from Cyprus in the  Mediterranean to Osoyoos in the Okanagan and to do so it was  necessary to reach back exactly one hundred years.  Grandfather Dawson Warren, Royal Horse Artillery, was born  112 Florence Baker Warren Waterman Wilson  in 1801. He served in Continental wars and died in 1838 leaving  three sons, each of whom received British army commissions.  The youngest, Falkland Edgeworth Warren, after receiving  his commission, was immediately ordered to India where he took part  in quelling the Mutiny and in 1857 he was with the force that raised  the siege of Cawnpore.  The island of Cyprus was occupied by the British in 1878 and  Captain Falkland Warren was a member of the occupation force.  Later when Cyprus was leased from Turkey the Governor arranged  with the War Office for Falkland Edgeworth Warren, he was  colonel now, to be his chief secretary, a post he held ten years.  Florence, the youngest of a family of eight, was born at Troodos,  on the island of Cyprus on September 18, 1879 in a large white  house overlooking the blue Mediterranean. She remembers the long  hours of sunshine; the sea dotted with white-winged fishing boats  and the little waves breaking on the beach below the house. She remembers the garden which seemed endless, exotic flowers and figs  and other fruits on trees which bordered the garden paths and  tended by men who smiled and spoke to her in a tongue she did not  understand.  When Florence was seven years old she was sent to a girl's  school in Dublin and a few years later to a school in London. There  was little to interest me either in London or Dublin, she recalls,  everything seemed dull and drab in contrast to the sunshine, the sea  and the freedom which we enjoyed in Cyprus.  After* Colonel Falkland Edgeworth Warren, C.B., C-M.G., retired in 1891 the family lived in London until it left for British  Columbia in 1892.  At this point is is necessary to go back more than a dozen years.  In 1880, eldest son, 14 year old Falkland, ran away to sea from  school in England, but unlike many other boys who sailed in square-  riggers to Australia or the Pacific coast, he chose the cod-fish fleet  which fished the Grand Banks off the Newfoundland coast. After a  season or two young Warren, now a husky lad, enlisted in the Royal  North West Mounted Police and in 1886 saw service during the  Riel rebellion.  While still with the. police Constable Warren made his whereabouts known to his kin through a family friend. By now Colonel  Warren, restless and ill at ease in London after his busy Cyprus  days, became interested in British Columbia through letters received  from his son. In the meantime young Warren had taken his discharge from the police and had pre-empted land near Armstrong  B.C. at a place which was later named Falkland.   In the spring of  — 113 — Florence Baker Warren Waterman Wilson  1892, two brothers, Victor and William, sailed from England to  meet brother Falkland at Armstrong and to begin homesteading on  the Salmon River. Several weeks later Colonel and Mrs. Warren  with daughter Maud, followed leaving two other sisters to pack the  family belongings for shipment to the New World. And it is of  interest that freight charges from London to Vancouver by way  of Cape Horn were less than rail freight from Vancouver to  Armstrong.  When the Warrens reached Armstrong after an Atlantic crossing; a journey through the Great Lakes to Port Arthur and by train  to Sicamous, they found a wagon waiting to take them to the homestead where there was a log cabin for the ladies and a sort of a  "keekwillie" for the men.  At this stage I cannot help but pause to consider the courage of  the colonel and his wife in leaving everything to which they had  become accustomed. Cyprus with a history reaching back 3,000  years; the large home on the edge of the cliff; blue sky, blue water  and always a gentle breeze. The garden, its flowers and fruits;  gardeners, grooms, house maids and nurse maids to take care of the  children and to exchange this ease and comfort for the crudities  of a log cabin on a British Columbian pre-emption. Doubtless Mrs.  Warren had never cooked a meal or the colonel soiled his hands.  Florence remembers that when her mother saw the cabin she  asked: "Is this where we live ?" and after receiving an affirmative  reply she said, "Oh!", and turned her face to the wall, until after  a cup of tea, she pulled herself together-  Unskilled but undaunted the Warrens took off their coats and  moved in quick succession from the small log cabin to a frame  house and then to a large imposing home built on the outskirts of what  became the town of Falkland on Highway 97 between Vernon and  Kamloops. Colonel Warren died in 1908. He was buried on his  land, where his grave and that of his wife, guarded by a wire fence,  may still be seen.  On the homestead Florence's education became a problem and  after private lessons proved unsatisfactory she was sent to a finishing  school at Vancouver which was run by Mme. Kearn on Cambie street.  While at school and during school theatricals Florence Warren  met J. Waterman, a mining engineer from Sheffield, England, and a  year later, on February 2, 1898, they were married. After the ceremony the newlyweds entrained for Halifax, crossed the Atlantic to  Liverpool where they spent several weeks with Mr. Waterman's  mother. They returned to Vancouver in May. A few weeks later  W. J. Waterman became interested in the mining activity around  — 114 — Florence Baker Warren Waterman Wilson  Princeton and the Watermans travelled by rail to Spence's Bridge,  by stage through Nicola to Granite Creek and on by horseback  to Princeton. At Princeton Mr. Waterman floated the Vermillion  Forks Mining Company which he managed for three years, he also  laid out part of the Princeton townsite where he was assisted by his  brother, Ernest, who lived there for the rest of his life.  W. J. was frequently engaged in a consulting capacity evaluating claims from Princeton along the Similkameen valley as far as  the International boundary. Later when winter came and after work  closed down, the Watermans returned to Vancouver.  On March 8, 1899, a daughter, Helena, was born at Vancouver  and after a few weeks the Watermans, together with Mrs. Warren,  Florence's mother, returned to Princeton by rail and stage. Later  Mrs- Waterman and baby, Ena, left Princeton for a visit to a  married sister, Edie, Mrs. C. J. Loewen, at New Denver. And by  the time Florence returned to Princeton in the fall, Mr. Waterman  had acquired a comfortable log cabin which was their home for the  next three years, where Ruth was born on July 23, 1900 and Guy,  on February 25, 1902.  In 1901, Mr. Waterman had business in Vancouver and it was  arranged to leave baby Ruth at Princeton while Florence and the  two-year-old Ena, stayed with a married sister, Maud, at Agassiz.  Outbound the journey was by stage and train and it was the return  trip that is mentioned in the ifirst paragraph of this story. At that  time there was neither dairy nor cows at Princeton, so Mrs. Waterman decided that they should get milch goats and since the railroad  and stage companies made no provision to ship goats as baggage, the  alternative was to return to Princeton by trail.  On a bright May morning a caravan consisting of Mr. and Mrs.  Waterman on horseback, a mounted packer, a loaded pack-horse and  three goats left Agassis on the north bank of the Fraser. Florence,  attired in the very latest riding habit, cut by a Liverpool tailor, was  riding side saddle, carrying two-year-old Ena on her lap. The trail  ran through Ruby Creek to a point opposite Hope where humans,  horses and goats were ferried across the river on an Indian scow.  Departure the next day attracted much attention for while the  residents of Hope were accustomed to riders and pack trains, many  of the whites and most of the natives had never seen a woman riding  side saddle, or a goat for that matter.  Florence describes the trip over the trail as "without adventure".  Two camps were made, the goats milked, the baby fed regularly and  neither man nor beast met along the way- It would seem that the  phrase, "without adventure" is more of a reflection of later years  — us — Florence Baker Warren Waterman Wilson  when horses and pack trains, wagons and harness and cows, not  always tame, were a part of her daily living. Surely the three-day  ride over a mountain trail must have been more than an adventure  to a young English girl.  I asked Florence how long it was before she changed to riding  astride. "When I brought goats from the Princeton pasture with  the picket rope around my waist, I was convinced that Indian women  had the right idea and that the horn on a western saddle was more  than an ornament. Then, one day I hung my side saddle behind  the house and if the porcupines have not eaten it, it may be there still."  Florence Waterman's keenest memories of Princeton were her  visits to Granite Creek where her husband had interests. She remembers the several monitors spouting large and powerful streams  against the pay dirt banks, the noise of water, the rumble of gravel  as it was swept by the stream into flumes and riffles. Monitors were  so well balanced that she often spent an hour directing the stream  into the bank and seeing rock and trees and dirt come tumbling down.  But it was the clean-up that excited Florence and miners alike. When  water was turned from the monitors and the riffles bared there  would be gold against the slats tacked across the flume, dust and  grains and little nuggets too. And at the tail a piece of blanket  across the flume or an amalgam sheet was often yellow with trapped  flour gold.  Soon after Guy was born on February 25, 1902 the fortunes  of the Watermans went into decline. The placers at Granite Creek,  along the Tulameen and Similkameen petered out and exploration  of the noble metals - silver and gold - in the surrounding hills yielded  nothing but low grade copper in a matrix which resisted concentration. And since there was no more work for a mining engineer  the family moved to the new, real estate heralded, metropolis of  Okanagan Falls. At the Falls the Watermans lived temporarily in  the Snodgrass Hotel where W.J. not only laid out part of the  townsite providing Snodgrass with proper railway yards, hotel,  theatre, hospital site and steamer terminals, but he sold and traded  land too.  In 1906 Mr. Waterman sold his property to Reginald Hody who,  in later years, and I can vouch for this, made the best hard cider in  Canada.  In 1907 the Watermans built a new house on a smaller piece  of land, a small outwash on the west shore and near the foot of  Waterman hill on Highway 97. It was, until the railway sliced it  through, the most delightful homesite on Skaha Lake.   And the land  — 116 — Florence Baker Warren Waterman Wilson  was rich, not with minerals, but from the asparagus it grew - there  was never enough to satisfy buyers as far north as Enderby.  About this time, Florence is not sure of the year, she made  another trail ride in company with sister Maud, Fraser Campbell and  Warwick Arnott, from Okanagan Falls to Hope with horses to  deliver to a coast buyer. This time it was a four-day trip. This time,  no longer a cheechaco, she enjoyed every mile of the road and trail.  There wer cattle and wild horses on the rolling hills around White  Lake; young orchards at Keremeos and familiar scenes along the  Similkameen. At Princeton the trail led up into the Yellow Pine  belt and then along the highlands and Jack Pine country of the  Dewdney trail and down through the rain forest into Hope.  In 1910 tragedy struck the Waterman family when the eldest  girl, Ena, came down with polio. Little was known about the disease  at that time and when local doctors and those at the Coast were  baffled decision was made to return to England to seek relief on  Harley Street.  On March 6, 1911, Victor was born in London and in May the  Watermans returned to Okanagan Falls where two years later, on  October 13, 1913, Pixie was born.  By this time the real estate bubble had burst. Land sales had  stagnated; the staking and wild-catting of mineral claims through  the Similkameen, at Olalla, Fairview and into the Boundary had  slumped into non existance and when war broke out in 1914 W. J.  Waterman joined the Canadian army.  As the war dragged Mrs. Waterman was faced with the problem  of rising costs for a growing family and when she was offered the  position of housekeeper, in 1916, at the Paradise Ranch a few miles  north of  Naramata,  she accepted.  Paradise Was well named; it is one of the most beautiful spots  in the Okanagan. The rambling house, with a wide Okanagan  verandah, was built close to the beach at the head of a little bay. It  faces west to present a panorama from Penticton to Peachland, over  the lake to Trout Creek Point and the orchards of Summerland back-  dropped by Giant's Head.  Paradise, truly a place for a growing family, swimming, boating,  fishing and the slopes behind the orchard rising into Okanagan  Mountain where a boy could ride or tramp the hills and hunt in  season. While Paradise stood apart it was not isolated, only a bit  removed from Naramata and only two miles across the lake to Summerland. Such locations are rare, there being only two or three  others in all the circuit around Okanagan Lake.  In 1923 Florence Baker Warren Waterman became Mrs. M. G.  117 — Florence Baker Warren Waterman Wilson  Wilson and the two youngest, Victor and Pixie took the Wilson  name. And the family lived at Paradise - perhaps I should write in  Paradise - until Mr. Wilson died in February 1946.  In World War II both Mrs. Wilson's sons, Guy and Victor,  joined the forces. Guy the dreamer and wanderer of the family,  was killed at Nijmegen, Holland, on Christmas Day, 1945, while  serving with the Royal Canadian Artillery.  Victor joined the Westminster regiment to return at the war's  end Captain J. V. H. Wilson, M.C. After discharge he returned  to the family property, Paradise Ranch, which he developed and  managed until 1960. During these years he also served as "C" Squadron Commander of the B.C. Dragoons in Penticton with the rank  of major. This tour of duty plus war service resulted in his receiving CD.   In 1960 Victor Wilson returned to the teaching profession.  Florence Baker Waterman Wilson lives today with her second  daughter, Ruth, Mrs. John Craig of Osoyoos.  Through one window of her apartment she can gaze across  orchards and over Osoyoos Lake to the slopes of Anarchist Mountain; through another to Kruger Mountain raising its head above a  new road which follows the track of the old Dewdney Trail.  When I asked for her recollections of the Atlantic and the  journey into Canada she replied that she had but few.  "My first real picture of British Columbia dates from the moment I mounted a horse at Falkland. From that day, until just a  few years ago, horses were a part of my life. I understood them  and they me.  "My children, each when old enough, was given a horse to ride,  to feed, to groom, to manage and the hours spent riding range and  woodland trail with my growing family are my most treasured  memories."  -H©H  — 118 — EDITOR'S NOTE: The two essays that follow were judged equal in merit in  the High School Essay Contest sponsored by the Okanagan Historical Society  and the two writers named as dual winners in the 1965 contest.  The History of Immaculate Conception Church  By Terry Brunette  Since Kelowna was first settled by three brave Oblate priests,  many changes have come about. One of these I will now relate  to you. It is the history of the Immaculate Conception Church. In  this essay I hope to give you some facts about the three churches of  the Immaculate Conception, but first I will tell you a bit about the  founding of them.  In October of 1859 Father Charles Pandosy and two other  Oblate missionaries made a rendezvous at L'anse au Sable, later  Kelowna. Their first camp was made nineteen miles northward on  Duck Lake. During the winter of 1859 these three courageous  priests almost perished. To keep alive they had to eat moss, roots,  berries, and finally their horses. In the spring they moved to a small  ford of Mission Creek and built the Mission. They first built a  rectory, chapel and later a school. This was the humble beginning  of the Immaculate Conception Mission. Soon after they built the  church.  The Mission Church was a small French Provincial style church.  It had Gothic windows and in the Norman style tower, surmounted  by a cross, was a stained glass Rose wiindow. The choir loft was  in the back part of the tower and the pews were very stiff and  straight-backed. The altars were plain wooden ones whose candlesticks are the same ones used on the altar of the "new" church.  Our Lady's statue was done in the shades of pale pink and pale  green. St. Joseph's cloak was done in brown and his under garb in  blue. These statues and bell were brought in by pack horse. This  church is now used as part of the Seventh Day Adventist Church  in Rutland. This was and still is the very first church of the Immaculate Conception.  Later as the population of Kelowna grew, a new church had to  be built. In the year 1911 it was started on Sutherland Avenue. Mr.  A. O. Brunette, my grandfather, wired and helped build this church  and the present rectory. When this church was completed, its exterior presented a serene, beautiful picture. It was a white, clapboard-covered structure and in the front was a very tall bell tower,  which housed the bell, given by. Joseph Christian, Father Pandosy  had used. The church was originally about fifty feet long but after  one alteration in 1934 was made seventy feet long.  On entering, one saw the white and gold altars; on the left  — 119 — The History of Immaculate Conception Church  hand side was Our Lady done in shades of blue and gold. St. Joseph  was the same as he had been in the Mission Church. The candlesticks on these altars were Father Pandosy's and, flanking the main  altar were two angels holding candelabra. The oak Communion  Rail was donated by John Conlan. The pews were of oak, also.  Mrs. A. O. Brunette, my grandmother, organized the first Bazaar  to buy these pews. The stained glass windows were of one pattern,  except for the one above the main altar which was of the Sacred  Heart. The stations and stained glass windows were ordered by  my grandfather in 1911. These stations are very beautiful oil paintings and if one looks closely he will see that on some of them the  artist has signed "L.M." The choir loft was in the back of the  church in the tower. Father Verbeke and Monsignor Mackenzie,  pastors, did much to beautify this church which is now used as an  assembly hall. The "old" Church holds many memories for quite  a few of the citizens of Kelowna.  The "new" Church as it is now called, is a very large structure,  dwarfing the "old" church and the Mission church. In summer it  is surrounded by a fine lawn and a beautiful garden. It was designed  by Woodworth and Davidson and built by Busch Construction during  the summer, fall and winter of 1962. Red brick of the finest quality,  terrazzo tile of exceptional beauty and stained glass windows from  France were bought to make this church one of the most beautiful  in the Okanagan. This 140 foot long church is 58 feet high and  76 feet wide. It has brick walls broken at intervals by stained glass  windows and in the front is the round blue-tile-covered baptistry.  Above the baptistry is the bell used in the other two churches of the  Immaculate Conception.  As you enter the vestibule you see on your left and right two  doors, one of which leads into the main part of the church and the  other to the confessionals. In the centre of the vestibule is the  baptistry in the centre of which is the green marble Baptismal Font.  Now let us go into the main part of the church. As you enter, the  focal point is the main altar, set on a dais above the rest of the  church. The three altars are of orange and green Italian marble.  On the main altar is a large, gold tabernacle. The candlesticks, on  these altars are the same ones Father Pandosy used. The pews,  lectern, credence table and communion rail are of Eastern Red Oak,  made in Montreal. Our Lady's statue is done in white, pale blue  and gold. St. Joseph's cloak is done in a very delicate shade of peach-  yellow and his under garb in white. The upper stained windows, depicting the Joyful and Glorious Mysteries of the Rosary are going  to be installed when available. The stained glass window in Our  Lady's Chapel is of Our Lady of Fatima.   The other lower stained  — 120 — The History of Immaculate Conception Church  glass window depicts the Seven Sacraments, and their backgrounds  are in jewel-like blue shades to symbolize the Okanagan Lake. The  choir loft is behind the main altar and above the choir loft is a  painting of Our Lady given to Bishop Doyle by the artist in Rome.  The two angels which were flanking the main altar in the "old"  church are now used above the main entrance in the "new" church.  Above them is the old stained glass window of the Sacred Heart.  The stations of the cross have also been transferred from the "old"  church. The two large blue-green boards at the back of the church  are sounding boards. The floors of the church are of blue-green  terrazzo tile, also, symbolizing the Okanagan Lake.  The "new" Church is very beautiful and modern, but it is a  direct descendant of the two previous churches and a direct link  with L'Anse au Sable.  ¬∞<{}¬•¬∞-  121 Mr. and Mrs. John Hunter  Rural Reminiscence  By Lynne Rees  The theme of my essay is the life of  my great-grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. John  Hunter, who were pioneers of Armstrong.  In the early spring of 1892 they came here  from Wisconsin to visit their aunt and  uncle, Mr. and Mrs. Andy Seeds. Great-  grandpa took up farming for a living and  worked for Mr. Swanson on Round Prairie.  A few years later great-grandpa and his  wife bought land on Knob Hill and farmed  for many years until their death. A family  of two boys and two girls were born and  raised there.  Life as a farmer had its many difficulties.     Before   buying   a  place,   great-  grandpa had to make sure there was an  adequate water supply that was reasonably  easy to harness.   Then sturdy log buildings had to be erected, a large  four-roomed house, a barn and a few other outbuildings.  Now the endless task began of clearing the land of timber with  only the help of manpower, teams of horses, and stumping powder.  When some land was cleared it was seeded to grain. With each  year, more acreage was cleared and orchards and other crops were  cultivated.  The pioneer women had their share of work on the farm. My  great-grandmother churned butter, made most of her family's food,  and canned fruit and vegetables. Wild berries such as chokecherries  and saskatoons were picked and made into jam to add variety to the  diet. The curing and canning of meats in summer was necessary  as there was nothing at the time that could keep this product fresh  and cold. Here is a recipe used by great-grandma for brine for  one hundred pounds of pork: Four pounds of salt, two pounds of  brown sugar, two ounces of saltpetre, spices desired to suit each  family's taste, four gallons of soft water and two tablespoons of  soda. The pork was put into this brine and was left until it was  cured.  Homemade ice cream was a treat and usually turned out good.  My grandmother remembers one time when they forgot to crush  the strawberries and all through the ice cream were pink rocks. After  that episode a special effort was made by the children to crush the  fruit thoroughly*. g  — 122 — Rural Reminiscence  Although the women worked hard, most of them enjoyed some  rewarding hobbies. Great-grandma sewed for her family and made  many household articles. She also spent many hours crocheting.  This artistic woman made jardiniers, which were ornamental pots  for display of growing flowers. They were made by covering old  wooden jam pails with putty and placing seeds, broken china or  shells on top of the putty. In this manner she came up with some  very sturdy and attractive jardiniers.  The garden supplied great-grandma with seeds which she shaped  into flower wreaths. Each wreath of about \lA feet square, consisted of over fifty flowers made from different varieties of seeds.  Each seed, whether the large pumpkin, the tiny wheat or the delicate  grass, was glued separately to a backing to hold it to the desired  shape. Time, patience and skill was required to fashion the wreaths  as can be seen from viewing one of these works.  The children, of course, attended school to which they walked.  The boys went to a country school but by the time the girls started  the schools were consolidated and everyone went to the large, new  school in. Armstrong.  Home life of the pioneers was simple and unaffected and the  people were contented. They went to the Knob Hill church which  was erected around 1900. Most Sundays would bring a neighbouring family in for tea or for a meal. The children would go outside  and play baseball or go on a hike up the mountain. The men would  discuss farming while the women would go over the latest fashions  or a recipe.   Here is a recipe that my great-grandma used for maple  HAYING AT THE SWANSON FARM  — 123 — Rural Reminiscence  syrup. First, fill a big kettle with red corn cobs. Cover the cobs  with water and boil until half the liquid has evaporated. Drain the  mixture, removing the cobs. To each cup of liquid add an equal  quantity of brown sugar and boil until as thick as syrup. For  Christmas candy it can be boiled thicker and poured into moulds.  This proved a very tasty and inexpensive treat for the children.  My great-grandparents' children entertained themselves in many  ways. Their cousins helped build a small cabin up the mountain and  they played there for many hours after completing their chores.  Another pastime was playing in the old gravel pit nearby. The  children built a crude stone house with a few fireplaces. Naturally  they needed food to serve in their little home. The specialty of the  house was boiled egg soup. To obtain this, they gathered eggs  from around the farm. When great-grandma came outside to look  for eggs she never seemed to find any. It didn't take long for her  to find out why the chickens didn't lay on certain days.  Young and old alike enjoyed community house parties which  were a popular form of entertainment. Anyone who could play a  violin or mouth organ was politely forced to play for the dancers.  Refreshments are necessary at any party and the women brought  plenty of homebaked foods. Grandmother recalls that usually a grand  time was had by all.  The pioneer families also enjoyed listening to the newly developed  phonograph which was becoming very popular.  Great deeds and events were not part of most pioneer family's  lives but the year by year progress was more rewarding to them.  I am proud that my greatgrandpa and his family had a part in the  early growth of my community.  A SUNDAY HIKE UP THE MOUNTAIN  — 124 ■  S.S. Naramata - The Last of an Era  By Eric D. Sismey  This year, in May, the fifty-year-old steam tug Naramata was  returned to service for a few days while her younger, larger, more  powerful sister, the diesel tug Okanagan, was undergoing overhaul.  S.S. Naramata is the only coal-fired steamship of the Canadian  Pacific fleet of steam tugs and stern wheelers remaining to sail the  Inland lakes and she, too, may soon go to the breaker's yard.  The 90 foot, 150 ton, Naramata, built by the Western Dry-  dock and Shipbuilding Company of Port Arthur, was assembled,  machinery installed, deckhouses built and commissioned at Okanagan  Landing in 1913.  Soon after launching the S.S. Naramata ferried one of the first  locomotives from Okanagan Landing to Penticton to do its share  in the construction of the Kettle Valley Railway. She pushed barges  loaded with thousands of tons of rail; she has broken ice through  the narrows at Kelowna and into lakeside landings for the sternwheel  passenger ships to follow. She delivered box cars, without number,  of merchandise and for many years has taken our apples away. And  in 1942 she was Captain J. B. Weeks' last command/  On August 30, 1951, the, °-  the sternwheeler  Sicamous from her berth at Okanagan Landing to Penticton where  the Queen of Okanagan Lake was beached to serve as a tourist  attraction.  The old Scotch boiler still steams freely, the chief engineer  told me, and while the compound engine "slam-bangs a bit" a few  days in the shop would put it in shape for another fifty years. But  like all things in steam, her days are numbered.  — 125 —  CMA^^   ic^cui 2 ~   ATo i6   t\ FREDERIC BILLINGS  By Hilda Cochrane  Frederic Billings played a very important part in the business  life of the City of Vernon from 1892 until his death in 1915.  He was born in Whitby, Ontario, in 1867, one of five children  (three sons and two daughters) of Mr. and Mrs. William Henry  Billings. His father was a well known lawyer of Oshawa and  Whitby, Ontario, and had twice been elected Mayor of Whitby.  Frederic Billings attended the public schools in that town and on  graduation attended the University of Toronto and Osgoode Hall.  He came to Vernon in 1892 where he entered the law office of Mr.  W. M. Cochrane, who was also a native of Whitby, Ontario, and  afterwards became his partner. At that time there were very few  lawyers in the Interior of British Columbia and they had clients as  far distant as Eholt and Grand Forks. A few years after coming  to Vernon he married Miss Maud Cochrane, the daughter of his  partner, and about that time severed his partnership with W. M.  Cochrane, opening his own law office in Vernon. A few years  later, after the death of Mr. W. M. Cochrane in October 1900, Fred  Billings was again in partnership with a Cochrane, this time with  his brother-in-law, Arthur O. Cochrane, who came back to live in  Vernon after being associated with his brother Walter and brother-  in-law Hugh Caley in a legal firm in Grand Forks. The partnership  of Billings and Cochrane continued until the death of Fred Billings  in 1915.  Fred Billings was the trusted counsellor and friend of hundreds  of people in the Okanagan Valley who relied on him for advice,  assistance and guidance in their affairs. He attained a high and  honorable position in his profession and in many respects was rightly  regarded as the leading member of the Bar in the Interior of British  Columbia. He held the strings of many important enterprises in  his untiring fingers and the care which he exercised over the numerous interests entrusted to his keeping had much to do with the  success of many an enterprise which he guided through its initial  stages. As an instance of the general confidence reposed in his  judgement and ability it may be stated that among his many business  connections he held such positions as Solicitor for the Kettle Valley  Railroad, City Solicitor for Vernon and Armstrong, Solicitor for  the Bank of Montreal, and for every important land or irrigation  company in the Okanagan, as well as being a director on the boards  of scores of other business enterprises. He was trustee for several  estates and in him was reposed a high degree of confidence.    The  — 126 — Frederic Billings  FREDERIC BILLINGS  amount of work which he managed to accomplish was surprising to  those who knew anything of his affairs and perhaps had a consuming effect upon his strength and constitution. He was for many  years a director of the Vernon Jubilee Hospital and was also one  of those responsible for bringing the Okanagan Telephone Company  into existence.  For a few years before his untimely death at the age of forty-  eight, his health had not been very robust and despite several long  trips and a relaxation from business affairs he did not regain the  vigour so anxiously hoped for by his many friends. Early in May  1915, he travelled to Montreal in company with Dr. Arbuckle and  there underwent surgery on his neck, followed by pneumonia, from  which he died on June 11th, 1915. Mrs. Billings and their three  children, Fred, Gladys and Aubrey, were with him in Montreal when  he passed away.  His death came as a great shock to all the citizens of Vernon  and many expressed a desire that his funeral be a public one but  the family did not feel it would be in keeping with his well known  objections to anything like display.    The funeral was held on June  — 127 — Frederic Billings  16th, 1915 at his residence on the north-east corner of Schubert  Street and Pleasant Valley Road, the service being conducted by the  Rev. C O. Main of St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church, of which  he was a member. The pallbearers were all prominent business men  of the City of Vernon, Messrs. Price Ellison, G. A. Henderson, J.  J. Warren, L. Norris, C. F. Costerton and J. A. MacKelvie. The  Mayor and City Council attended the funeral in a body to pay their  last tribute of respect to the memory of one who had taken for many  years a prominent position in civic affairs, being at the time of his  death, City Solicitor.  BH-  — 128 Okanagan Heritage Lectures  Arranged and presented by the  Penticton Chapter, Okanagan Historical Society  Reported by Observer  Prompted by the success of the Okanagan Heritage Lectures  given in 1963 and 1964, Mr. J. G. Harris, at the request of the  Director of Adult Education, arranged a further series of eight  lectures for presentation during February and March,  1965.  One suggestion offered in the 28th Report of the Historical  Society (1964) was adopted, namely, those who subscribed to the  course were allowed to bring a guest to certain lectures at a nominal  cost-  The first of the series "Early History of the Valley" was given  by Mr. J. G. Harris on February 2. Beginning with what we  should call pre-history it is difficult, he said, to realize that about  ten to fifteen thousand years ago Penticton, as we know it, was  buried under more than a mile of ice; glacial erratics on our mountain  tops confirm this.  As the ice melted the valley was carved into something like its  present shape and with the retreat of the ice primitive people came.  There is, however, a long blank from the end of the ice age to the  coming of fur traders in 1811, followed by missionaries, settlers,  prospectors, steamships, railways, then to fruit culture and the  ramifications of modern living.  "The History of Naramata" was well done by Mrs. James  Gawne on February 9. She was assisted by Mr. Don Salting and  Mr. Gordon Williams. They traced the early settlement of the  community from the building of the irrigation system to the planting  of fruit trees. Pictures projected on a screen showing Naramata  and its development were accompanied by a running commentary.  Among the scenes shown and explained were: The first ferry to  Summerland, the Maud Moore, first built for service on Skaha  Lake; the old packing-house, store, hotel, school pictures, picnics,  skating on Okanagan Lake in 1913; and, of course, pictures of J.  M. Robinson and his family, the man who started it all.  "Early Days in Summerland" was covered in detail on February  16, by Mr. Walter M.  Wright,  Mr-  Dan Rutherford and  — 129 — Okanagan Heritage Lectures  Mr. Colin McKenzie, together with many fine photographs. We  were reminded that Summerland, I will use the inclusive term to  cover the upper and lower towns, pioneered by J. M. Robinson and  James Richie, is older than Penticton, the agricultural area is larger  and more diverse. West Summerland came into being at Siwash  Flat with a high cultural level. A college built by the Baptist  Church in 1907 flourished until the war in 1914 brought about its  end.    Mr. Walter Wright was one of its teachers.  Comments have been made in the press recently that five-acre  orchards are not economical. I learned for the first time that the  five acre concept arose from the realization that this was all that  one man with one horse could manage.  On February 23 "The Story of Fairview" was presented by  the Reverend A. E. Miller in the form of a tape recording. This  was an innovation which has a great advantage in that it can be  repeated again and again.  Large scale maps of the old townsite to which old buildings  were identified and the mining claims along the gulch were exhibited  together with excellent photographs of the old camp and its people.  Many of the slides were in color.  This lecture, together with the slides, should be used again to  implement the drive initiated by President Wilson of the Penticton  Branch and supported by the Oliver-Osoyoos chapter of the Historical Society urging that Fairview and the surrounding area be  set aside as a Provincial Park to show the historic, climatic, geological and the natural history aspects of an area unique in Canada-  In addition to these natural attributes, Fairview is midway between the astrophysical laboratory at White Lake and the projected  observatory on Mount Kobau.  "The Community of Okanagan Falls" was the subject of the  lecture given by Mr. Victor jfrelSen' on March 2. Mr. Wilson is  particularly able to talk about the Falls since he spent part of his  boyhood in a large house on the west side of the lake.  Okanagan Falls never developed into the railroad metropolis  that W. J. Snodgrass anticipated but for years it was the most  important place in the southern Okanagan. From the Falls, the  southern end of water transportation, machinery, materials and supplies of all kinds were freighted to the booming mining camps along  the Boundary, to Camp McKinney and to Fairview. Penticton at  the turn of the century was little more than the depot for freight  unloaded from the Aberdeen and while Okanagan Falls had a school  with an attendance of 21 pupils in 1896, Penticton struggled to  enroll the necessary 8 pupils in 1903.  — 130 — Okanagan Heritage Lectures  Slides, many in color, showed scenes around the Falls in the  horse and freighting days.  "The Boundary Country" was presented by Mrs. W. R. Dewdney on March 9 and few people are better qualified. Mrs. Dewdney  taught school at Midway over 50 years ago and she lived in Greenwood for several years as the wife of the Government Agent.  Motorists driving through the Boundary country with their eyes  glued on the white line do not realize the contribution the copper  mines at Phoenix, Deadwood and elsewhere made to the economy  of British Columbia until the end of the First War when copper  prices slumped. It was a sad day for the Boundary when the  furnaces of the smelters at Greenwood, Boundary Falls and Grand  Forks cooled. Mrs- Dewdney's familiarity with the old days, her  collection of old pictures, a vial of placer gold from Rock Creek,  ash trays of Boundary copper, and ore samples were of great interest  as were color slides of a more recent date which showed the beauty  of the country.  Mr. S. Corncock's lecture, March 16, "The Saga of Penticton  Creek", could well be described as the saga of Penticton for Penticton Creek and, to a lesser extent, Ellis and Shingle Creeks built  up the alluvial fan on which the town is built. It is necessary to  imagine the enormous power and tremendous flow of water necessary  to deposit a mass of material almost beyond computation. Mr.  Corncock described Penticton Creek to its source and showed pictures of the headwater country and the irrigation dam. These  dams, he explained, will be drowned when the new dam of much  larger capacity is built.  Three major floods have occurred since the turn of the century  to wash out downtown streets and bring ankle deep water to the  intersection of Main and Nanaimo, and the pictures of flood damage  offer some slight idea of the power of unrestrained water.  When Mr. Harris presented the last lecture of the series "Historical Sites in and around Penticton" on March 23, he should have  entitled it Joe Harris, Pathfinder".  It is always refreshing to learn about places which are not on  a paved road where one wonders who will come around the next  bend on the wrong side.  There were those who did not know the gravel road along the  west side of the lake from the old Westbank Ferry Landing to  O'Keefe's near Vernon; there is a lot to see, Joe said, along the  way. Another comfortable one-day tour is to Kelowna, thence to  McCulloch, down to Rock Creek, along the Kettle River to return  by way of Anarchist Mountain and Osoyoos.    Other off-beat ex-  — 131 — Okanagan Heritage Lectures  cursions are to Princeton by way of Osprey Lake, Green Mountain  and Apex. And still another leads to the astrophysical laboratory  at White Lake — where long billed curlew nest — from there a  choice of roads reach towards Oliver, Fairview, Twin Lakes or  Okanagan Falls.  These byways are picnic basket roads where, if you meet other  cars there is time to stop to pass the time of day.  Speaking for the group, we not only enjoyed the lectures which  were entertaining and informative, but we enjoyed associations with  the others in the class.  Thanks, Joe!   And don't forget we expect you to do it again-  •4fl§H-  — 132 - The Wood Lake Water Company Limited  By A. W. Gray, of Oyama  The Story of the Wood Lake Water Company Ltd. is, in  large measure, the story of Oyama, at least insofar as the fruit growing phase is concerned. There were settlers in the district a few  years before the Company was formed, and some orchards had been  planted prior to 1909, but no shipment of fruit had been made.  The Company was incorporated in June 1910 when five men,  owners of land in the subdivision east of Wood Lake, on sale by  the Wood Lake Fruit Lands Company, met to form a Limited  Liability Company.  The chief object of the Company was to acquire and operate  the Irrigation system built by the Land Company. All purchasers  of lands from the Land Company, to which Water Licenses 8819  and 8820 were appurtenant, would be ipso facto members of the  Water Company, and were allocated paid-up shares at the rate of  ten per acre at the time of purchase. The Water Company agreed to  maintain the system and to make equable distribution of the water  available, to its members.  The reason for a limited liability company, rather than a cooperative, does not appear. There was no statement that water would  be supplied at cost, but the fact remains that in all of its fifty year  existence, no dividend was ever paid on the shares, and water rates  were set yearly at a rate that would be sufficient to maintain the  system and to provide for necessary repairs and replacements. The  Company had a most successful working life of ififty-four years  and its demise on June 1st, 1964 was regretted by all.  There were problems in plenty right from the start. That  many of them that appeared insuperable at the time were successfully solved was due largely to the leadership given by those public-  spirited individuals who served as Directors (unpaid), but also,  very largely, to the co-operation they received from the individual  shareholders.  Unfortunately we have no record of the men who directed the  Company in its very early years. We know that Mr. A. S. Tow-  good and Egbert Trask were among them, and R. Allison was also  there. These three men came to Oyama from far away - A. S. Tow-  good, who passed away in 1964, came from New Zealand via California where he grew apricots and raisins near Fresno, and, at  times, sat over his irrigation gate with a loaded shotgun just to  ensure a continuous supply.   Egbert Trask is thought to have come  — 133 — The Wood Lake Water Company Limited  from Nova Scotia via Wenatchee, where he also grew fruit; and  Bob Allison, from Ireland, with a stop-off in the Klondike in 1898,  where, amongst other activities, he drove mail stage. Dave McClure  and W. A. MacHardie were also among the early directors. The  latter, had a sheep ranch in Montana before coming here, and during  the war years, and until 1926, acted as managing-director and chief  factotum of our Company. He was above all a horseman, and  every day he rode old Buck round the system, with a hammer in his  hand. Whenever he noted that a grower seemed to be getting an  over-supply of water, he just leaned down from the saddle, gently  hammered that gate down and rode on. There was no measurement  at that time but the irrigator could tell that Mac had gone round  and announced the fact with lamentations as his ditches went dry.  W. K. Whipple (old Bill) was probably the best known person  in Oyama in his day. He had spent a lot of years buying cattle  in the American West, and his tales of those days were endless and  wonderful. But we never admired him so much as in his latter days  when he was almost completely crippled with arthritis and yet stayed  cheerful- truly a remarkable man.  There were many more who served for greater or lesser periods,  among them W. Hayward, Secretary-Treasurer for twenty-four  years, H. J. Crawford, a perennial Vice-Chairman, who would never  step up, and whose car was always available when transportation for  the younger members of the community was required. J. F. Stephen  served for 15 years and helped largely in the agreement with Long  Lake Irrigation; F. H. Aldred was Chairman for 13 consecutive  years till he left the Company in the late fifties; and there was  H. A. Maclaren and Jack Trewhitt, and many more who helped  freely and at some cost to themselves to make the Company, though  perhaps an anachronism, also a success. A. W. Gray, the present  Secretary, took over from W. Hayward on the latter's retirement  in 1944. In his 44 year association with the Company he was a  director for 39 years, and secretary for twenty and perhaps holds  the longevity record for the Company.  Early in 1914, it became apparent that the dirt and timber dam  on Oyama Lake would have to be replaced with a concrete cut-off  wall and dam. There was no road but there was a seven-mile foot  trail which, it seemed, went straight uphill to the dam. Materials  and tools had to be packed in, so this trail had to go roundabout in  places to make it practicable for pack horses. Dave McClure built  the new dam and W. K. Whipple and such of his boys as were big  enough, packed in the material.  — 134 — The Wood Lake Water Company Limited  This second dam lasted till 1951, when cracks developed and  major repairs became necessary. Mr. W. K. Dobson engineered  and supervised the job in 1951, while the blasting and rebuilding was  done by the Company foreman, C. J. Pothecary and J. H. Elliott.  The First World War added to the difficulties in 1914 and  subsequent years, as the unattached men left to answer the call.  They were followed by sons of settlers as they became of age and by  a number of attached men. The orchards were now beginning to  crop and a drastic shortage of labour became apparent. Very serious  freezing of trees occurred in 1916, and of the crop in 1919. Considerable replanting became necessary and some still remained to be  done when the war ended. Of those men who had left for service  overseas, many did not return, and some who did return came back  to ruined orchards and a new start.  There was an influx of new settlers, mostly soldiers and their  war brides, in the years following cessation of hostilities; so much  so that a new subdivision was opened for settlement in 1919. The  new people were of a similar age group, had much in common as  regards background, and had much to learn. Nobody had any spare  money but all were happy in the release from years of discipline.  Oyama in those days was small; there were few cars and our  pleasures were made at home - but they were happy days.  It soon became apparent, however, that if the new subdivision  was to get sufficient water, the old free and easy method of distribution, where one irrigated as and when one pleased, would have  to be changed. There would have to be measurement and control.  A general meeting in 1921 established a system of locked gates over  the vigorous protests of a number of the older settlers; the locks  were put on but were not too efficient with wooden gates, and after  a year or two, were seldom used except in cases of dispute. But  the principle of measurement and equality had been established; it  became the policy of all succeeding Boards of Directors, was fully  supported by all members, and contributed very largely to the continued success of the Company.  When the 1919 subdivision was first put on the market by the  Fruit Lands Company, a new policy was enunciated by the Water  Company as a protection to its present members. First the lots as  subdivided would be charged with water rates as set for that year.  If unpaid the rates would accumulate against the property, and  secondly, the Water Company would deliver water to the high point  of each lot, but the owner must construct his own conveyance from  the Company flume to his property.  135 — The Wood Lake Water"'Company Limited  This could, and in some cases did, involve the building of half  a mile of flume, and at post-war costs, was quite a burden on new  settlers. ' Six of those who had the farthest to go pooled their resources and labour and built a common flume to serve all. Where  it was possible, the flume was a ditch in the ground, lined with rocks  and plastered cement. The cement ditch was later taken over by  the Water Company and is still in use forty-four years after, with  a maintenance of only an occasional wash of cement. Jack Trewhitt was considered to be in charge of this engineering marvel, he  being the only one with any knowledge of such things then (though  we all learned later).  The Fruit Lands Company argued long and bitterly against  having water rates assessed against their land. They stalled the payment for several years but eventually came through with a sizeable  amount which, providentially, the Directors of that day put in the  kitty for the proverbial rainy day.  Looking back on forty years experience on the Water Company's  Boards, it seems that our constant preoccupation was how to stretch  a limited amount of water to make it cover more land than was possible. In 1924 and 1925 we had eleven inches per acre, and irrigated  with one ditch to each side of the tree rows. The main flume was of  wood, unlined, as were most of the laterals and all needed replacement. So in 1926 we started to rebuild out of income. It took ten  years, working fall and spring, to complete the job. Blaine Griffith  was in charge and nearly all the growers worked on it at one time or  another. We boiled the footings in creosote and lined the flume with  24 gauge galvanized iron, lapping the sheets and putting roofing  felt between laps. The laps were nailed with galvanized nails and  many were the thumbs that were hammered, and many and deep the  curses.  Meantime, discussions had been going on between the Company  and representatives of the growers on the west benches in Oyama.  They had second rights on Oyama Lake and were entitled, by agreement, to one-third of the water stored there. They wanted to use  electric power, which had just reached Oyama, to pump from Wood  Lake, and agreed to abandon their record on Oyama Lake for  $5,000.00, a sum that just happened to be in our kitty, so the deal  was made. Messrs. J. F. Stephen and W. Hayward signed for the  Water Company and for the Oyama Irrigation District as it now  became, Miss Lloyd and W. Atkinson. It was an excellent arrangement for both parties and took place on May 4th, 1931, right in the  middle of another drought. .  — 136 — The Wood Lake Water Company Limited  It was so serious in 1930 that two members of the Water Board,  Messrs. Trewhitt and Gray, were deputed to search the watershed for  any possible alternate supply. They were successful in part, in that  they found certain tributary lakes that could be developed. These lakes  were dammed by beavers and really looked like big bodies of water.  We built a control dam and we believed that our troubles were over.  It helped for that year but we drained all we could get from those  lakes, then rebuilt the beaver dams. However, there was insufficient  drainage area to refill the lakes, the beavers got discouraged and left,  and we were back where we started.  Water rates, of course, had to be raised to finance the rebuilding.  Material costs were low, $18.00 per thousand b.f. delivered, for first  class lumber, and the shareholders worked for 25-30 cents per hour.  It took ten years, but we were all very proud of the job when it was  complete. Some optimists even thought that water rates would go  down. They were mistaken, the trend was up and continued so during  and after the war years.  The war years brought other changes. Mr. W. Hayward, who  had piloted the company since his return from the First War, retired  in 1943 and many others who had helped direct the company from  early days were no longer with us. There was a second influx of  veterans subsequent to demobilization, in part sons of settlers, in part  newcomers, but all seemed united in support of the company.  Now, once again, the spectre of system replacement rears a  grizzly head. But this time material and labour costs are high and  still rising; engineering alone would cost more than the replacement  job we did in the thirties, and replacement, being capital expenditure,  would be subject to income tax at 20% or more. Regretfully the  majority of shareholders decided that the Company had served its  purpose and could no longer cope. Actually, it took three years and  four General Meetings to obtain the necessary 75% majority required  to wind up the Company and form an improvement district; but on  June 1st, 1964, the Wood Lake Improvement District took over. We  hope, and expect, to make the District as efficient and as useful as  the old Company.  To the five men who formed the Company — Messrs. A. S.  Towgood, E. Trask, G. A. Henderson, R. H. Rogers and W. Newton  — and to the many directors who followed them in service, we gratefully acknowledge our obligation..  137 — ^§^  -^Ta_.  5l     *^  '»   *  BS?^                *i--l__-"        r                     _■  m»--j-          ..*afcj5«ft."»  - ;,..      JH  &   "   . ;-■ JI^T"''   jfl  ^K~.   HP  i»__i___rMK' _£-d*»yifr^"' ____pw-_H  '39___s_SF:-': •! <_■  j|k     ^V  B^^^jiSf -^  VI f Jf/^r  ^_i_<-fr^;^^ - -;;i___  ; ^9^m  LEFT : Mrs. J. W. McCluskey.   Nothing daunted the pioneers in the Okanagan's  early days.    Here Mrs. McCluskey is seen brandishing a revolver; whether in  fun or of necessity is not known!     RIGHT: Mr. and Mrs. W. R. McCluskey  were married in Eastern Canada in 1878.  William Robinson McCluskey  By Mabel Johnson  'Way back in the year 1887, William Robinson McCluskey  arrived in Vernon from Victoria, to be followed in the hot summer  of 1888 by his wife Almira and four children.  Two more children were born to this couple after they came  to this city to make their home. Of the eight sons and daughters  only the oldest and the youngest are now alive: Ernest McCluskey,  of Lumby, and Dolly, Mrs. J. A. Greig, of Vernon. The others were  Herbert, Jack, May, (Mrs. W. Ryan,) and Maud, (the late Mrs.  Aird  Smith.)   William and  Frank.  There are approximately 90 descendents of Mr. and Mrs.  McCluskey, married in 1878, all of whom, with the exception of one  grandson living in California, and one great-grandson and family in  the province of Quebec, reside in British Columbia, and most of  them in Lumby and Vernon. Surely a proud record! All of them  are in profitable lines of business- many of them married, and all  enjoy the respect of their communities.  Mr. Ernest McCluskey said, in a recent interview, that the first  — 138 William Robinson McCluskey  "stop" his father made in Vernon was at the W. F. Cameron store,  located in the vicinity of the present T. Eaton store.  Mr. McCluskey was manager for Frank Barnard of the BX  Ranch, filling this position from 1888 to 1894, when he was injured  when breaking horses. It is believed that this injury caused his  death shortly afterwards. It will be recalled that Mr. Barnard raised  horses on the now famous ranch for stage coach work; stages being  the only means of transportation in those days.  In the autumn of 1895, Mr. McCluskey died at the age of 45.  In 1898 Mrs. McCluskey remarried, and became Mrs. William  Furniss; however there were no children from this union. And so  it was, that because of Mr. McCluskey's death, the family had to  leave the BX Ranch and moved to Vernon to live.  The late Rev. G. A. Wilson heard the vows spoken by William  Furniss and Mrs. Almira McCluskey in a house on the corner of  34th Street and 28th Avenue which still stands.  In 1902 Mr. and Mrs. Furniss and the McCluskey boys and girls  moved to Oyama where they spent three years, living on the present  Vernon Ellison property. Mr. Furniss engaged in general farming;  one source of revenue was the sale of home churned butter to Shatford's Store. Later he helped to plant some of the first fruit trees  on the famous Coldstream Ranch. Mr. Furniss died in the year  1912.  The only surviving daughter, Mrs. Greig of Vernon, recalls that  she received her education in the "old brick school", now the manual  arts building on Coldstream Road. Her brother Ernie, older by  several years, attended school in what is now the Russell house, also  on Coldstream Road.   His first teacher was J. Sivewright.   That was  in the year 1891 — "Just seems like yesterday", said Ernie. Judging by his excellent memory, it is more recent to him than 74 years  ago. In the year 1892 there were school classes in Cameron's Hall.  Mrs. Greig recalls Miss Mary McKinnon and Miss Bessie Bell,  teachers in the old brick school.  At this time the family was again living in Vernon, and Mrs.  Greig remembers some of the early pioneers who lived here then,  among them the Fuller family, the Harwoods and the Price Ellisons.  Mrs. Aird Smith, the former Maud McCluskey, was one of  Vernon's oldest citizens in terms of residence, and she helped to  officiate at the unveiling ceremony of the Pioneer Rock on Eaton's  parking lot in 1959.  Most of what is now the city of Vernon was then just "bush".  In fact, when Mr. and Mrs. McCluskey first settled here, the community was known as Centreville; changed the same year to Vernon,  — 139 — William Robinson McCluskey  the year of the city's incorporation. This was the year, too, when  the Hudson's Bay Company opened its store. Here liquor could be  bought on the same basis as coal oil, overalls, groceries and a hundred  and one other necessities and commodities.  The year 1886, shortly before the McCluskey's came to Vernon,  was a big one for the small settlement; for the railway tracks  pierced the wilderness that year with their ribbon of steel, bringing  with it some of the amenities of civilization.  We sing nowadays in "Oklahoma" of the "Surrey with the  Fringe on Top"; well, Mrs. McCluskey had her own surrey, pulled  by her own team of black horses, named Bess and Belle, and this  equipage was used when she went shopping or visiting. Whether  there was a "fringe on top" is not remembered.  The first "preacher" in Vernon was the Rev. P. F. Langille  a Presbyterian minister. Mr. Ernie McCluskey and Mrs. Greig  recall him distinctly. Ernie was one of the first pupils in Vernon's  original Sunday School, back in 1888.  Family anniversaries played a large part in the early days.  Birthdays, then as now, saw a huge iced birthday cake complete with  candles.    The same thing applied to weddings.  "We had a beautiful vegetable and flower garden when we were  at the BX Ranch," Ernie McCluskey recalled; his remarkable memory  picking out the highlights of the last century as though it were  yesterday. He recalls, too, that his brothers and sisters, as children,  all had their own chores to attend to; they made their own amusements and were a closely knit organization.  School buses had never been heard of in the early days. Like  many—by now—famous Canadians, the McCluskey boys and girls  carried their noon meal in a lunch pail and walked 2^ miles to  school and back. However, there were happy, carefree days in the  new community. Masses of sunflowers lifted their golden faces to  the blue April skies, growing in glorious profusion on the slopes east  of the railway tracks, now the city's residential area.  If anyone was not too well in those days, it was just too bad for  them. It literally was the survival of the fittest for a doctor had to  ride to Vernon from Enderby. Ernie McCluskey said that on one  side of the saddle would be the old fashioned black bag with its  potions, pills and cures, and on the other side a jug of rum. Many will  agree that those were indeed the "good old days".  Mr. McCluskey recalled, among other landmarks of a bygone  generation and era, that the first building to house The Vernon News  was located where the National Cafe now stands.  Recreation included lots of dances, continued Mr. McCluskey.  — 140 — William Robinson McCluskey  J. W. McCluskey, forest ranger in the Okanagan from  1914 to the late 1940's; one of the eight sons and daughters of Mr. and Mrs. W. R. McCluskey. He died in 1959.  For the most part they were held above Cameron's Store. In winter  there was horse racing on the ice on Swan Lake. This event would  be attended by people from miles around, who brought their lunches  and made a day of it. Then there were fancy dress skating carnivals  on Kalamalka Lake. "They were sure good times, all of them nothing  nowadays can compare with them," sadly reminisced Ernie, who  added, "I don't think I'll be skating any more!"  The first hospital was located almost opposite the present Safeway store on 35th Street and 28th Avenue, built by Tom E. Crowell  in the early years of this century. Mr. McCluskey worked on the  building of the next hospital "on the top of Mission Hill" a few  years later. This was demolished and the present Jubilee Hospital  built on the same site.  The first postmaster was Luc Girouard and the first post office  was in his home, which was the picturesque log structure on the lawn  of the bowling green in Poison Park. Removed from its original  site at the junction of the old Kamloops road and Barnard Avenue,  it is now preserved as an historical monument; the second post office  was located on Tronson Avenue to the rear of the Safeway store;  the third post office was in the red brick building now occupied by  McKay's Drug Store; the fourth post office was the handsome structure with clock tower at the corner of 30th  Street and Barnard  — 141 — William Robinson McCluskey  Avenue, recently remodelled for offices and stores; which brings us  to the fifth post office on 32nd Avenue, painted in California colors,  roomy and convenient.  Mr. McCluskey also told of a big blizzard in the winter of 1887,  when hundreds of cattle were lost; 400 head of stock frozen in their  tracks as they stood trying to seek shelter from the icy winds, in  one instance.  Summers were very hot, and water was the "burning question"  from the community's earliest days. Mr. McCluskey recalled what  many pioneers will also remember, that the late Charles Vernon took  out a water license in the 1870's.  The horse is now a status symbol, the prerequisite of the well-  to-do for pleasure and recreation. Times indeed have changed; for  back in the childhood of the McCluskey family, everyone—but everyone—had to have at least one horse; and furthermore if the horses  were needed for any reason, they had to be located and brought in  from grazing on the ranges. The first hint of a new order was when  the late Judge Spinks drove on automobile on Vernon streets in 1905  or 1906.  Mrs. Furniss was very active in community affairs. In spite  of a family of eight to wash, iron, bake and sew for, she found time  to attend many meetings regarding changing of early laws, particularly as they affected the status of women. She was leader in the  Presbyterian, Methodist and United Church Senior Sunday Schools  for years, and one of the earliest members of the Women's Institute,  of which she was president for many terms. She was also a life  member of Vernon branch, W.C.T.U.; a life member of the Women's  Missionary Society of Vernon Methodist Church- held the International Cross and Crown certificate and badge of attendance in the  Central United Church Sunday School; was a member of the Great  War Veteran's Association in Vernon (a forerunner of the Royal  Canadian Legion) ; and a member of the Travellers' Aid, which  organization welcomed newcomers to Vernon and helped them to  settle in their new environment.  Among Mrs. Greig's treasured possessions is a telegram dated  January 5, 1926, to her mother, Mrs. Furniss, from A. C. Pound,  asking her to teach an Indian School until summer. The attendance  was 18 boys and girls. A furnished house was available and the  salary was $80 per month. Mrs. Greig thought her mother would  be about 70 years old at the time this telegram was received and,  although she cannot remember accurately whether Mrs. Furniss accepted the position, her daughter believes she did!  Jack McCluskey, one of the eight brothers and sisters, will be  — 142 — William Robinson McCluskey  remembered by a host of Okanagan-ites as a Forest Ranger, which  position he held from the year 1914 until his retirement in the late  1940's, when he went to live in Victoria and where he died in 1959.  William McCluskey enlisted in the early days of World War  One, and went overseas with the 2nd Canadian Mounted Rifles, and  from there was transferred to the Royal Air Force; and later to the  Royal Canadian Air Force. He returned to Canada in 1918 with  the rank of Captain in the RCAF, and for a time was an instructor  at Beamesville, Ontario. He came back to Vernon, where he entered  the sawmill business in which he remained until 1935. He then went  to Vancouver to fly with the Pioneer Airways Company. He was  killed in a commercial airplane accident on July 30th, 1935, at Alta  Lake, B.C.  Tragedy visited the McCluskey family. Their son, Herbert, aged  18, died in the year 1899 as the result of a hunting accident near  Oyama. Another son, Frank, also died as the result of a hunting  accident on the Commonage, on his mother's birthday; which was  also the birthday of his fiancee.  The McCluskey family is justly proud of its pioneer past, and the  parts played by its members in forging homes from the wilderness.  Truly, it is people like them who have laid the foundations of this  province securely and well.  -■•8H3*-  THE HEDLEY GAZETTE — June 20, 1912  The B.C. Portland Cement Co. are building their first kiln at  the new plant at East Princeton.  — 143 — Okanagan Settler  By Janet Anderson  Long, long are the years now  But still I hear the sea  Like the throbbing pulse of my heart's blood  Beating ceaselessly.  I see the scudding foam on the shore  Kissing the hard wet sand  Cold as a drift of manna,  A dream in this thirsty land-  And the salt smell, the dear smell  From Barra blowing free!  Dearer still, the echoes wafting  Voices across the sea.  Yet all these things are as yesterday,  Dreams, or a tale that's told;  And memory's chain the heart can gall  Even the links of gold.  Morning breaks in the valley:  The sun, a flooding tide,  Drenches the hills in glory . . .  And I am satisfied.  — 144 THOMAS DOLMAN SHORTS  EDITOR'S NOTE: The following piece on Pioneers of British Columbia is  taken from the June, 1964, issue of The British Columbia Digest.  By Eric Sismey  Captain Thomas D. Shorts, in his day one of the Okanagan's  best known characters and pioneer steamboat men on Okanagan  Lake, came into the valley in the 1880's in a roundabout way. Much  of his early manhood was spent in the United States, both east and  west. He ranched somewhere, owned and operated a small sawmill  somewhere else, ran a fish market in California, and once, when  broke in Philadelphia stood on a soap box to sell self-threading  needles, and being a good talker, probably did quite well.  In British Columbia he followed several gold strikes, among  them one to the Cassiar, where he claimed to have taken out $6,000  in one season. In the United States again, not wanting to carry gold  dust around, he had it minted into twenty dollar gold coins at the  Philadelphia mint and old-timers recall that when he drifted into  the Okanagan he still had golden eagles in his poke.  Captain Shorts has been described as a "very assertive man,  with a face almost buried in a snuffy beard of no particular colour,  which bore the visual evidence that he chewed tobacco, he really  looked snuffy all over. He usually wore a faded bowler hat, cocked  down over one eye in la sporty sort of a way. He had an amazing  flow of language with which he would describe his many adventures."  In north Okanagan he was reputed to have suggested digging  a canal from Enderby to the head of Okanagan Lake, but he failed  to find financial backing. This proposal, while visionary, is quite  practical and it is of interest that the scheme has been actively revived recently.  Captain Shorts began the first passenger and freight service on  Okanagan Lake in an open row-boat named 'Lucy Shorts' which  he sailed when the wind was favourable. At other times he propelled  it by a pair of oars and his own brawny arms.  It is about seventy-five miles from one end of the lake to the  other so a voyage could take several days, or much longer if the lake  was rough. On one occasion Shorts and a passenger were marooned  for a week. On another, when his only passenger was a young  English girl on her way to a ranch family where she was engaged  as a governess, the trip took three days. They camped overnight on  the shore, the captain sleeping under one tree and she under another.  Her sense of humour helped her enjoy the unconventional experience,  — 145 — Thomas Dolman Shorts  and she summed up the trip with the remark, "At any rate, I had  something to write home about."  Finding row-boating down Okanagan Lake profitable, Captain  Shorts convinced Thomas Ellis, whose cattle ranged from the foot  of the lake to the International Boundary, that he could land freight  by water cheaper than Ellis could bring it by packtrain from Hope.  As a result Shorts, with financial assistance from Thomas Greenhow,  a cattle rancher at the head of the lake, ventured into steamboating.  April 21, 1886, marked the beginning of a new era in the history of  Okanagan Lake- On that date Captain Thomas Shorts launched the  'Mary Victoria Greenhow,' the first powered vessel to appear on the  lake.  She was a clumsy craft, 32 feet long with a 5-foot beam,  registered to carry five passengers and 5 tons of freight, propelled  by a small steam engine powered by a coal-oil fired boiler. On her  first trip she burned so much oil that the tanks were dry before she  reached half-way. Shorts solved his problem by borrowing hard-  to-get kerosene which settlers used for their lamps. As he borrowed  and progressed down the lake he left a series of darkened cabins in  his wake.  On her return trip the 'Mary V Greenhow' ran out of fuel  again and while the captain was rustling coal oil from Lequimes  at Okanagan Mission, the ship took fire and was badly damaged.  However, Shorts managed to get her back to Okanagan Landing, and  after trying unsuccessfully to convert her to a wood burner, ordered  a new boiler.  By the time the new boiler arrived in July, 1887, Captain Shorts,  with the help of a ship's carpenter, John Hamilton, had built a 30-  foot clinker boat with an 8-foot beam. The engine from the Mary  Greenhow was transferred to the new hull, the boiler installed and  at launching on September 22, 1887, she was christened 'Jubilee'. By  all reports she was a pretty fair little ship.  A gold strike on Granite Creek in the Similkameen in 1889 kept  thee 'Jubilee' busy. Supplies brought down from Okanagan Landing  were landed at Storehouse Point - now Crescent Beach in Summer-  land - and from there taken by packtrain. Business boomed and  Captain Shorts built a barge to handle what couldn't be loaded on  the 'Jubilee'. But the strike didn't last long and the barge was  pulled up on the beach. In December, during a sudden cold spell,  the 'Jubilee' was frozen in at Okanagan Landing and later sank. In  the spring the machinery was taken from the damaged hull and installed  in  the  barge  Captain  Shorts  grandly  named  the 'City of  — 146 — Thomas Dolman Shorts  Vernon'. Despite her imposing name, the new ship was unwieldy,  wouldn't steer, and was underpowered.  About this time fate smiled on Captain Shorts. He was able  to sell a small farm he owned for $3,500 and promptly went to Vancouver to arrange for a new boat. With a grand gesture he ordered  an engine and boiler from Toronto, and in April, 1890, laid the keel  of the steamer 'Penticton' at Okanagan Landing. The vessel, 70-  feet long, 16-feet wide, twin screw and just under 50 tons gross, was  launched in September, 1890- The launching was a great affair,  attended by everybody from miles around. Nothing seems to be  known about the food served, but refreshments of a more volatile  nature were not lacking and the launching was wet enough to satisfy  even the most thirsty.  One trait of the new vessel was that since Shorts hated regimentation of any kind, she never ran on a tight schedule. If you  wanted a ride, you waited until she showed up.. A story, still remembered, is told of a party who after waiting several days decided  to hire horses to ride the trail to Okanagan Landing, but as soon as  they were about to leave the vessel finally arrived.  Actually, she wasn't much more comfortable than a saddle horse.  Provincial Archives photo  One of the vessels powered by Captain Shorts' pioneer two horsepower engine  was the Wanderer. Her deckhouse originally came from the Penticton. When  she was launched her owners chirstened her with the traditional bottle of champagne, but since their resources were limited they drank the contents before  breaking the bottle over the Wanderer's bow.  — 147 — Thomas Dolman Shorts  Her cabin was small, furnished only with several stools and one  Morris chair. Once when passengers boarded her & colored man  took possession of the chair and in spite of hints to trade around,  he refused to move. Another passenger, a Scot, who had bagpipes  along, was talked into playing in the closed cabin while the rest went  on deck. Even after the piper was exhausted the fellow still occupied  the chair. After reviving the piper with a few drinks, Captain  Shorts persuaded him to try again. He went back to the cabin with  his pipes under his arm. This time the colored gentleman jumped  up and exclaimed, "Good Lord! Are you back again!"  In March, 1892, Captain Shorts sold the 'Penticton' to Leon  Lequime of Kelowna for $5,000. Lequime operated her until one  of the coldest winters on record stopped all navigation. In the meantime, the C.P.R., having decided there was a future in lake steamboating, were building a sternwheeler at Okanagan Landing. She  was the 'Aberdeen', and went into service in May, 1893. The  company agreed with the Lequimes to take over their wharf and  considerable lake frontage at Kelowna on condition that Lequimes  stay out of the transportation business. The 'Penticton' was thereafter used by the Kelowna Sawmill Company for towing booms  until 1902 when her machinery was taken out and the hull beached  near the present grandstand until it burned in 1906-  When the 'Penticton' changed hands from Shorts to the Lequimes there was some fuss about unpaid bills which resulted in the  sheriff seizing the engines which he stored in a shed guarded by a  bailiff. One day some of the boys invited the bailiff to a nearby  saloon and while he Was looking through the bottom of his glass  others in the plot took up the floor of the shed, and lowered and  buried the machinery in the sand. The unfortunate bailiff never  did solve the mystery. After the claims against the engines were  settled the machinery turned up again and was installed in a new  hull named 'S.S. Kelowna' which was used as a tug by Bernard  Lequime.  Captain Shorts' other vessel, the 'City of Vernon' had an equally  varied career. After Shorts built the 'Penticton' he sold the 'City  of Vernon' to McAuley and Grant, owners of a ranch a few miles  south of Okanagan Landing. She soon became known as the 'Mud  Hen' because she was under water as often as on top.  In 1896, the 'Mud Hen' was sold to a couple of Englishmen  named Caesar and Valentine. She leaked so badly N. H. Caesar - one  of those men who could do anythiing - built a new hull 40 feet long,  with a 9^ foot beam. He moved the engine and boiler from the  'Mud Hen' to the new hull and christened it the 'Wanderer'.    The  — 148 — Thomas Dolman Shorts  deckhouse was made from the hexagonal upper works of Captain  Shorts old 'Penticton'. When the old cabin was put together at  Caesar's ranch it was assembled by a Frenchman who didn't have too  good a command of English. The name was slightly rearranged to  'Pen-ton-tic' and so it stayed for many years.  The 'Wanderer' was used to tow logs to Kelowna, haul dynamite  to Penticton or the Morning Glory mine, or wheat from their own  farm to Okanagan Landing. She was ultimately taken over to Long  Lake to tow logs for the Smith Lumber Company, where she was  renamed the 'Violet'. And the last to be heard of the 'Violet' was  that her engine had been removed, installed in a sawmill and her hull  was rotting on the beach.  The removal of the 'Violet's' engine was in reality the end of  the 'Mary Victoria Greenhow', Captain Shorts' original steamboat.  The 'Mary Greenhow's' engine had powered, in turn, the 'Jubilee',  'City of Vernon', 'Mud Hen', 'Wanderer' and 'Violet'- These ships  can almost be considered as one for the 'Mary Victoria Greenhow'  was the only ship to have been registered on official records. The  original engine for which Shorts had to borrow coal-oil from the  settlers is today preserved in the museum at Vernon.  Returning to Captain Shorts, like most pioneers he was fiercely  independent and resented what he called the Canadian Pacific octopus.  He challenged the company by noting in an advertisement in the  Vernon News: "The competing line is here to stay and so am I" followed by a schedule and a table of freight charges. This was a bit  previous since the captain by then had nothing to back his claim.  Somewhere, though, he found a small boat with a creaky engine and  named her S.S. 'Lucy'.  It was about this time that several citizens of Vernon tendered  the captain a banquet at the Kafamalka Hotel, partly in the spirit  of fun and also in admiration of his zeal and enterprise. At the  dinner he was granted the title "Admiral of the Okanagan". The  'Lucy' was not a success 'and the captain gave up steamboating in  disgust. He is reported to have said "I made $5,000 row-boating  and lost it all in steam".  About this time gold was discovered on the Klondike and  Captain Shorts, with his usual optimism, believed he could make his  fortune in the north. As the Vernon News commented when announcing his departure: "When the captain believes anything he  believes it pretty thoroughly".  So to the regret of Okanagan's pioneer residents, a most colourful character was lost, for the Okanagan never saw him again. He  eventually settled in Hope, and died February 9, 1921.  — 149 The Valley's First Machine Shop  By Mrs- G. Smalley  The first machine shop in the Okanagan Valley was opened  in Vernon, B.C., by Alfred Rogers in the year 1901.  Mr. Rogers received his apprenticeship with Abel Machine &  Iron Works and the John Inglis Machine shop, both of Toronto,  Ontario.  In 1892 he went to Pittsburgh, Pa., U.S.A., where Mr. Rogers  went to work for George Westinghouse. While there, he worked  on the turbines  for the Chicago World's Fair in  1893.  In July, 1893, he returned to Toronto to marry Lizzie Birch,  and they returned to Pittsburgh to live. He helped George Westinghouse on many of his inventions, one of which was the air  brakes for the railway cars. Mr. Rogers worked for George Westinghouse until 1901, coming to Vernon on May 12th of that year.  He opened his machine shop in a building owned by Harry  Schultz, on the western part of what is now the Hudson's Bay  parking lot. He was there until his own building on the corner  of 7th Street (now 32nd Street) and Tronson Avenue about two  years later.  A few years later, W. J. Ellis, his wife and young family,  arrived from Pittsburgh to enter partnership with Mr- Rogers,  and he stayed about four years, when Mr. Ellis moved to Kamloops,  B.C., to open a machine shop there.  Work came from many parts of B.C. and the valley for Mr.  Rogers to do. He also did work on the first power plant for  Vernon. After a full days' work at the shop, he, Sam Gregory  and W. Cooke (both steam engineers) would work until 2 o'clock  in the morning on the power plants.  He trained many young men to the machine business; also  the bicycle and sporting goods business which Mr. Rogers had  started up. Some of these men are: George Dyke, Bill Gordon.  John Strout, Roy Perrett, Morgan Goode, Edgar Harris, Jack  Hatfield and Les Viel.  Mr. Rogers carried no insurance on his business and for fire  protection he had a sprinkling system (a pipe filled with holes)  along the roof top, and never had any occasion to use it, except  when the weather was hot he would turn the water system on, and  it helped to cool the building off.  Starting in the late 1920's he began having a dog at the shop,  day and night, to guard the place.  — 150 — The Valley's First Machine Shop  In December, 1945, Mr. Rogers sold the property to the Texaco  Oil Company and the machine shop to the Vernon Machine and  Equipment  Limited,  when it was moved to 34th  Street-  He kept the bicycle and sporting goods part of the business,  intending to open up again in an adjacent building in the spring  of 1946, but he passed away on April 6th,  1946.  Mr. Rogers' sporting goods part of his business was later  purchased by Les Viel of Vernon.  Mrs. Lizzie Rogers survives her husband. She lives at Kalamalka Lake where she and the late Mr. Rogers moved on January  6, 1946. The cottage is built on the site purchased by Mr. Rogers  in May,  1908.  Mrs. Rogers was 99 years old on August 10th, 1964. A  daughter and son-in-law live with her.  When the Vernon Jubilee Hospital was located on Ellison  Street in the early 1900's, Mrs. Rogers, who lived across the street  from the hospital, did a lot of sewing for the institution when any  emergency would arise — on a sewing machine they had brought  from Pittsburgh with them.   All this work was done free of charge.  Mrs. Rogers sang in All Saints' Anglican Church choir for  over 40 years, starting in the choir three weeks after she and her  husband arrived in Vernon.  In the early 1900's she also helped at the Chinese Mission in  Vernon, where she taught the Chinese to speak English.  Mrs. Rogers spends her time now knitting for the Red Cross.  -«»•-  — 151 — St. Mary's Mission, Omak, Washington  By Dr. John Goodfellow  In last year's report, reference was made to Sister Maria Ilma's  History of St. Mary's Mission in Omak, Washington. It was a  project on which she had been working for years and in which the  late Mrs. E. Lacey took a keen and active interest. At that time the  work was still in manuscript and readers were invited to send prepaid subscriptions to ensure publication.  In July of this year Sister Maria lima returned from Milwaukee  where printing arrangements were completed. The book will be  ready for distribution by the end of November. This would make  it an ideal Christmas gift. Date of publication precludes review  in this report, but there will be much of interest to readers on this  side of the International Boundary. It will contain 32 pages of  illustrations, numbering over 150 photographs and maps. It will be  an important contribution to church and social history in Washington  and neighbouring British Columbia.  152 — BENJAMIN ROGERS  Canadian Ambassador to Spain Visits Vernon  His Excellency, Benjamin Rogers, Canadian Ambassador to  Spain and Morrocco, and his wife (the former Miss Frances Morrison of Halifax, N.S.) were guests of honour at a civic reception  and a Rotary luncheon, sponsored by the Okanagan Historical  Society, in Vernon, on Wednesday, September 8th, 1965. Vernon  was happy to welcome one of its most distinguished sons.  The Department of External Affairs, Ottawa, has provided the  following citation: Benjamin Rogers - born in Vernon, B.C. on  August 3, 1911; BA (Dalhousie University, 1933) ; IODE Overseas  Post-graduate scholarship, 1933; M-Sc (Economics) London School  of Economics, 1935; Secretary Chatham House Study group,  Toronto, 1937-38; Joined External Affairs as Third Secretary in  July 1938; Third Secretary, Canberra, December 1939 (Acting High  Commissioner various periods 1941-42) ; Second Secretary, Washington, May 1943- Second Secretary, Rio de Janeiro, October 1944;  First Secretary, Ottawa, 1946; Ottawa, November 1948; special leave  for series of lectures under auspices of CIIA, 1948; Charge d'Affairs  — 153 Canadian Ambassador to Spain Visits Vernon   a.i. Prague, May 1950; Ottawa, July 1952; appointed Ambassador  to Peru, July, 1955; Ambassador to Turkey, February 1958; Deputy  High Commissioner, London, November 1960; Ambassador to Spain  and Morocco, October 1964. Author of "Canada Looks Abroad"  (with R. A. McKay).    Married (Frances Morrison).    One son.  It may interest our readers to know how we came by advance  notice of the visit of Their Excellencies to Canada, Okanagan and  Vernon. Luis Mora, master painter and decorator, after forty years  residence died in Princeton, B.C., in 1963. Following this, Rev.  J. C. Goodfellow had occasion to write relatives in Spain, who thereafter sent him various Spanish magazines. In the Madrid magazine  "ABC" for November 13, 1964, was a picture of Mr. Rogers presenting his credentials as Canadian Ambassador to Spain. An accompanying paragraph noted that he was born in Vernon, British  Columbia, in 1911. With our annual Report in mind, Dr. Goodfellow sent letters to the editor, Captain J. B. Weeks of Penticton,  and Guy P. Bagnall of Vernon. Mr. Bagnall immediately started  search into family records, but details were obscure. A letter from  the Department of External Affairs confirmed the information  gleaned from the Spanish magazine. Copies of this correspondence  were sent to Madrid, and Mr. Rogers (April 29, 1965) wrote as  follows:  "I was indeed born in Vernon. My father, R. H. Rogers,  practised law in Vernon from about 1905 - 1914, when he returned  to Prince Edward Island where he had been born. My parents  both died in the early 1950's. I think that their last contact in  Vernon was a Miss Lumsden ... I spent a day in the Okanagan in  1948 and hope to do the same next September when I shall be in  Canada on home leave . . . My mother's brother, the late E. P.  Fraser, had a fruit ranch near Vernon."  With a copy of this letter in his hand, Mr. Bagnall soon discovered the family background. Both Captain Weeks and Mr-  Bagnall remembered R. H. Rogers, and his Vernon law office. The  family had been identified with the Presbyterian Church, and Mrs.  Rogers was a choir member. Mrs. Earle Megaw was able to give  family history, and brought in the name of Mrs. Archie Fleming  who knew them well. Much was learned about this worthy pioneer  family.  Representing the OHS, Mr. Bagnall took a leading part in  preparations for the reception, enlisting the willing help of Mayor  E. C. Rice. At the civic reception in the National Hotel His Honour  extended a warm welcome to the visiting guests, and presented them  with a framed picture of Kalamalka Lake.  On behalf of the Okanagan Historical  Society,  Mr.  Bagnall  — 154 — Canadian Ambassador to Spain Visits Vernon  presented an autographed copy of Dr. Margaret A. Ormsby's  British Columbia, a History, and the Society's latest Report. Welcoming their guests, in addition to the Mayor and his wife, and City  Aldermen, were D. G. MacMillan (Rotary), William Malcolm  (President, Vernon Chamber of Commerce), Guy P- Bagnall (Historical Society), Judge C. W. Morrow, Stuart Fleming, M.P., Frank  Harris (Vernon News), Earle Megaw.  Following the reception, the Vernon Rotary Club was host to  Ambassador Rogers who spoke on the subject of Canadian diplomacy.  :<m*&m>-*%^.  155 — The Quaedvlieg Family  By Maria and Victor  The Quaedvlieg family, parents and four children (Leonie,  Victor Jr-, Walter and Eugene), arrived in Keremeos in August  1910,  from Dijon,  France.    Part of the old Webster estate was  bought and the family  began to farm. There  was nothing on the place  but a few run-down shacks  and a three-acre orchard,  16 different varieties. Apples brought then $1.69 a  box, orchard run. An  agent bought them and  paid for them as soon as  the train pulled out.  In 1911 sixteen acres  were planted in potatoes,  but the crop could not be  sold, no price. Fifteen  acres apple were planted  on the bench but froze in  1915. In 1913 the family  went into the milk business  using the first glass bottles  in the district. Meanwhile  another 1,000 trees were planted on the benchland. They also  froze — that was in 1919. In 1916 their new 30-cow barn including the hay burned down to the ground. A new barn was built  and the water system was improved. At that time many orchardists  had a few cows and there was too much milk for local consumption  and my father decided to start a small Creamery. Cream was bought  up, and the buttermilk went via. pipeline to the pigs- At the peak  this small Creamery produced as much as 10,000 pounds a month.  The butter was all packed by hand labor - Mrs. Victor Quaedvlieg  Sr. did most of the wrapping. When the orchards began to pay, the  farmers dropped the cows in favor of apples and the creamery died a  slow death in 1936. Now the Quaedvliegs went into cattle business-  In 1935 their whole crop of potatoes - 40 tons in sacks, and the whole  apple crop froze.  With the death of Mr. and Mrs. Quaedvlieg in 1943 and 1932  respectively, the business went to Victor and Walter, Eugene having  preferred to take over the butcher shop in Hedley.  Mr. and Mrs.  VICTOR  QUAEDVLIEG  — 156 — - OBITUARIES -  TRONSON — Mrs. Louisa Margaret on January 15, 1965.  Mrs. Tronson was born in Vernon in 1873 and lived there all her life.  She is survived by three sons: Harvey of Kelowna, Edward of 100  Mile House and George of Vernon and four daughters: Mrs. Ellen  Brewer of Okanagan Landing, Mrs. Agnes Friske of Kamloops, Mrs.  Laura Russell of Penticton and Mrs. Mary Starke of Calgary. She  leaves 26 grandchildren and 30 great-grandchildren. She was predeceased by her husband and three daughters.  WILLIS — H. A. Willis, a resident of Kelowna and Okanagan  Mission for sixty years died at Kelowna at the age of 78. He  worked on early irrigation construction at Okanagan Centre and  later joined G. H. E. Hudson an early photographer whose landscape  photographs of the Kelowna area were familiar to all old time residents. Mr. Willis married Mr. Hudson's sister, Grace Hudson, in  1913 and after the war they took up fruit farming at Okanagan  Mission. He retired in 1952. He is survived by his wife and one  daughter, Mrs. James Leach at Okanagan Mission, and another  daughter, Patricia Marjorie, in England.  McDONALD — Mrs. Florence Ethel McDonald passed away  in Kelowna hospital on Sunday, October 24th, 1965. As Florence  Weeks she arrived in the Valley from North Dakota in 1907, and  graduated from the first high school built in Penticton. She married  Alex. F. McDonald in Penticton in 1919. She and her husband took  up land in Oliver shortly after where they lived for a number of  years before moving to the Kootenays. Following the second World  War the family moved back to the Oliver district. Besides her husband she leaves one son, Colin, in Richmond, Virginia, and one  daughter, Gay   (Mrs. John de Montreuil)   of Kelowna.  BOYLE — Harry H. Boyle, a prominent Penticton lawyer,  died on August 30th, 1965, following a car accident near Hope. Mr.  Boyle was 75 and retired at the time of his death having been active  in legal practice for 43 years- He was active in many community  activities throughout his long residence in Penticton. Survivors are  wife Constance, in Penticton- two sons, Rev. S. B. Boyle in Calgary,  and Harry David of Prince George, and one brother Frederick, in  San Francisco.  CRYDERMAN — Mrs. Carlos (Olive) Cryderman, in Vernon  in her 84th year. Mrs. Cryderman was a pioneer of Vernon, arriving there from her native St. Catherines, Ontario, before the in-  — 157 — Obituary  corporation of Vernon in 1890. In 1893 she married Carlos Cryderman of the livery firm of Neil and Cryderman. She was an active  worker in the early Methodist church both in Okanagan Landing  and Vernon and an accomplished horsewoman and a lover of music.  Her home, on Schubert Street, was the centre of many musical and  social affairs. Her husband predeceased her in 1952 and surviving  is a sister, Miss Mabel Donaldson, in Okanagan Landing.  THORLAKSON — Mrs. Ingibjorg Thorlakson (93) died in  Kelowna on May 28th, 1965. Born in Iceland, she emigrated to  Winnipeg in 1888 where she married Thorlakjur Thorlakson in  1892. They came west to the Okanagan in 1898. They lived in  Peachland and Okanagan Centre before moving to the Commonage  in 1903 where she lived until 1948, then to Penticton and finally in  1953 to Kelowna to reside with her daughter. Surviving are two  daughters: Mrs. L. E. Marshall and Mrs. A. Morra, both of  Kelowna; six sons, Ben of Okanagan Centre, Solvi of Oyama, Edward of New Westminster, Harold of Lavington, Joe and Tom of  Vernon; also 18 grandchildren and 36 great grandchildren.  SMITH — Mrs. Maud Eliza Smith, a native of Vernon, died  in the Jubilee hospital there on April 22nd of this year in her 77th  year. The late Mrs. Smith was a member of the McCluskey family  and married Thomas Aird Smith in 1908 and moved into the house  that was still her home until her death 57 years later. The history  of the McCluskey famiy goes back to the landing of the Mayflower  and one of her ancestors on the distaff side was the originator of the  American Thanksgiving. She is survived by her husband; one  daughter, Mrs. A. W. Briggs of Louis Creek; one brother, Ernest  McCluskey of Lumby; one sister, Mrs. D. A. Greig of Vernon; five  grandchildren and sixteen great grandchildren.  BEDFORD — Mrs. Alice Bedford died on April 14th, 1965 at  Kelowna. Born in Ontario, she came west to Vancouver in 1912 and  to Kelowna with her husband, Frank, in 1920. An active member  in the Catholic Women's League of the Immaculate Conception  parish, she held various offices in that organization and was an early  member of the Kelowna Women's Institute in which she also took  an active part. Surviving Mrs. Bedford are her husband, Frank; two  sons, Alderman Jack Bedford of Kelowna and Edward of Vancouver  also ten grandchildren-    A daughter predeceased her in 1929.  PATTERSON — Mrs. Mary Edith Patterson died at Kelowna  on April 3rd, 1965 after sixty years' residence in the city. Daughter  of a pioneer merchant, Mr. W. R. Glenn, who built a brick block on  — 158 — Obituary   Pandosy Street where he sold farm equipment. She saw Kelowna  grow from its incorporation to the present. Surviving Mrs. Patterson is her husband James and one son Glen, also two grandchildren.  ARNOTT — Mrs. Ellen Bertha Arnott passed away in Penticton on September 10th, at the age of 79. When a young girl, she  came from Costa Rica to Okanagan Falls in 1896 with her mother,  Eliza, and four brothers: Augustus, Dick, Fred and Henry Bassett.  After her marriage in 1919 to Warwick Arnott, she lived in Penticton. She was predeceased by her husband in 1961. Surviving  are her daughter, Theda, Mrs. R. D. Symonds, also two grandchildren; Evelyn and Warwick.  LYONS — Mrs. Dora Lyons passed away in Penticton on September 13th at the age of 80 years. Mrs. Lyons came from Saskatchewan to Penticton in 1921 with her husband and family, and  settled on an orchard on the East Bench- For many years she was  an active member of the United Church. She is survived by one  daughter, Mrs. R. C. (Florence) McCarthy of Penticton; two sons  Chester of Victoria B.C., author of "Milestones in Ogopogo Land"  and other books; and Edwin of Cranbrook; one sister, Mrs. Ethel  Jones of Penticton, ten grandchildren and one great grandchild. She  was predeceased by her husband, Walter, in 1945.  COOPER — E. W. A. Cooper passed away in Penticton on  September 11th at the age of 73. Born in Nova Scotia, Mr. Cooper  came to Penticton in 1914. He joined the Canadian Pacific Railway  in 1919, and retired as C.P.R. agent in 1958. Mr. Cooper was an  honorary deacon at the First Baptist Church; a member of the  Okanagan Historical Society; a past president of the Kiwanis Club;  had been on the executive of the local branch Canadian Arthritis  and Rheumatism Society; treasurer of the Okanagan Summer School  of the Arts in 1964; a member of the Canadian Club; and the 1965  treasurer of the Penticton Branch, Canadian Red Cross. Mr- Cooper  is survived by his wife, Laliah; one son, Everett Df Turner Centre,  Maine; one daughter, Mrs. Arthur (Irene) Crowson, Kamloops, and  seven grandchildren.  REID — C. R. Reid, 76, pioneer fruit grower, died at his home  at Okanagan Mission. He developed one of the first orchards in  East Kelowna on property purchased from the Kelowna Land and  Orchard Company. His half stone house and meticulously laid out  orchard was much photographed and used in land promotion literature up to World War I. He served in both World Wars.. He was  an honourary member and past president of the Kelowna Club and  — 159 — Obituary  an ardent golfer. He sold his orchard in 1945. He is survived by  his wife Betty, one son Michael and one daughter, Alison Treadgold,  all of Kelowna; one grandson and two granddaughters.  GILLARD — Leon Gillard, 91, died in Vernon. He was one of  Kelowna's most noted pioneers, his uncle was linked with the origin  and founding of Kelowna. Leon Isadore Gillard came to Kelowna  from France at the age of nine with his father, in 1882. They missed  the pack train and he had to walk most of the way over the Hope-  Princeton trail. Mr. Gillard is survived by his wife Mary, two sons,  Cyril of Kelowna and Arthur of Enderby; three daughters, Matilda  (Mrs. G. Thruston of Port Coquitlam; Mary (Mrs. J. McAllan) of  Kelowna, and Glennys (Mrs. W. Ritchie of Cawston; eleven grandchildren and nine greatgrandchildren.  WHITAKER — Mr. Hector Child Whitaker, D.S.O., P. Eng.,  B.C.L.S., died in Summerland, May 3rd, 1965, at the age of 78. Mr.  Whitaker was born in Portage la Prairie. He made his home in  Summerland for forty years. From 1907 to 1911 he worked with  location parties in B.C- for the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway. He  was awarded the D.S.O. while serving in the 72nd Seaforth Highlanders during World War I. After the war he was with the Penticton consulting firm of Dufresne & Whitaker. During the later  1920's Mr. Whitaker was Divisional Engineer on the location and  construction work of the Fraser Canyon highway. His later career  included consulting work, supervision of highway and airport construction and highway location. He was a charter member and later  a life member of the Association of Professional Engineers of B.C.  He is survived by his loving wife. Grace, in Summerland; two  sisters, Mrs. J. Markle of Vernon and Mrs. G. S. Johnson of Vancouver; three brothers, Mr. Jack A. Whitaker of Vancouver and  Dr. F. A- Whitaker and Dr. R. R.   Whitaker, both of California.  MACK — William Archibald Mack, aged 86 years, passed away  at his home in Enderby B.C. Mr. Mack was born in Forest, Ontario,  in 1879 and came to Enderby in 1902. He married Miss Flossie  Wheeler in Enderby in 1909. They celebrated their golden wedding  anniversary in 1959. Besides his widow, he leaves two daughters,  Mrs. Paul Imbeau (Irene) of Enderby and Mrs. Ernie Skyrme  (Eleanor) of Grindrod; seven grandchildren and six greatgrandchildren. Mr. Mack was an elder of St. Andrew's United Church,  Enderby and served as Clerk of the Session for 25 years, being  made an Honorary Elder upon his retirement. Rev. T. Mercer,  assisted by Rev. G. McKenzie, officiated at the services held from  St. Andrew's United Church. Interment was in the Enderby  cemetery.  — 160 — Obituary  SMITH — William Joseph Smith died in Armstrong-Spallumcheen hospital in May, in his 86th year. Born in Renfrew, Ontario,  Mr. Smith came to Armstrong in 1901, joining his brother, the late  Thomas K. Smith, in the operation of Armstrong Sawmill Limited.  He was a charter member of Coronation Lodge, I.O.O.F., past  master and member for over 60 years of Spallumcheen Lodge A.F.  & A.M.; honorary life member Armstrong and Spallumcheen Chamber of Commerce; former alderman, and in 1963 made Freeman of  the City of Armstrong. He is survived by three sons, Archibald of  Britannia Beach, John B. of Enderby and W. Lawrence of Armstrong, also one sister, Mrs. A. M. Lovatt of" Trail.  BECKER — Francis (Frank) Jones Becker passed away suddenly in Armstrong-Spallumcheen hospital in May, in his 79th year.  A resident of Armstrong since 1895, he was a flour miller in the  early years of the century and later operated a sash and door business  until retiring in 1950- He was a past master of Spallumcheen Masonic Lodge; D.D.G.M. District No. 9, Grand Lodge, B.C., in 1952.  He is survived by four daughters: Mrs. Francis Avis, Mrs. Genevieve Culling of Calgary, Mrs. Hellen Skermer of Penticton and  Mrs. Shirley Danallanko of Armstrong, also one sister, Mrs. P. Etter  of Vernon.  JAMIESON — Barbara Thompson Jamieson passed away in  Armstrong-Spallumcheen hospital in June, in her 89th year. She  was the widow of the late John E. Jamieson, prominent B.C. weekly  newspaper publisher. A resident of Armstrong since 1927, she was  born in Fergus, Ontario and came west before the Riel Rebellion and  was among the first pioneer settlers of Cannington Manor district  of southern Saskatchewan. Mrs. Jamieson was a life member of  the Canadian Red Cross; a life member of the Women's Missionary  Society of the United Church of Canada. She is survived by three  sons: John M. and James E., of Armstrong, William R. of Banff,  Alberta; one brother, Dr. James J. Murison, of Armstrong.  HUME — George Clarence Hume died at Kelowna on April  20th at the age of 80 years- He came to Kelowna from Ontario in  1911 and purchased land in the Glenmore district where he developed  an orchard. He married Miss Edna Noyes of Naramata in 1917.  Mr. Hume was a school trustee for more than 20 years, part of  which period he was chairman of School District No. 23. He was a  J.P. and prominent in civic affairs. For 22 years he was a member  of the Okanagan Regional Library Board. Surviving are his wife  Edna and two sons, George Clarence and John Robert, Glenmore;  two daughters, Frances (Mrs. Leo B. Konapski) of Port Angeles,  — 161 — Obituary  Washington and Mildred  (Mrs. James B. Robertson)  of Seattle;  seven grandchildren and one great-grandchild.  JONES — Owen Lewis Jones, C.C.F. member for Yale from  1948 to 1957, died at Kelowna April 30th, 1965 at the age of 76.  After serving in the Welsh Fusilliers in World War I, he came to  Canada with his wife and settled on a fruit orchard at Oyama. They  moved to Kelowna in 1921 where Mr. Jones entered the furniture  business with Mr- Paul Tempest. Here Mr. Jones, as well as conducting his business, entered actively into an impressive list of civic  affairs and community organizations, culminating in nine years as  federal member at Ottawa. He also served as Mayor of the City  of Kelowna for several years. He is survived bv his wife, Margaret  Ann; four sons and one daughter: Dr. Neville Clegg Jones, Vancouver; Michael Owen, Detroit Michigan; Owen Llewellyn, San  Francisco; Dr. Trevor Knox Jones, Vancouver, and Sylvia Win-  nifred Myfanwy (Mrs. V. A. Preto), Montreal. Also surivivng  are ten grandchildren, two sisters and one brother in Wales. Mr.  Jones was Honorary President of Okanagan Historical Society.  RISSO — Mrs. Annetta Risso, 88, died at Kelowna March  20th 1965. Mrs. Risso came to Kelowna with her husband in 1902.  Surviving Mrs. Risso is one son Gaspar at Mission Creek. Her  husband predeceased her in 1940.  MARTIN — Mrs. Mary Martin died in Kelowna General Hospital April 12th 1965. She was born in Kelowna in 1910 and was  prominent in Tennis and Badminton circles for more than 35 years.  She is survived by her husband Russell and three brothers Archie  Stubbs of Okanagan Mission, Tony of Vernon and Dick of Vancouver.  MARSHALL — Alexander Dougal Marshall, a resident of  Kelowna since 1919, died suddenly in that city June 30th, 1964, at  the age of 82. He was known throughout the whole Okanagan and  Similkameen and Boundary country for his work with the B.C.  Water Rights Branch. He is survived by his wife, Constance, now  retired to England; and two sisters, Miss Margaret and Miss Marion  Marshall, both of Vancouver; and one niece, Mrs. W. Aylward of  Victoria.  GADDES — Dr. William Henry Gaddes died in Kelowna April  24th, 1965, at the age of 96. He came to Kelowna with his wife  from Saskatchewan in 1905. Although he had graduated as a veterinary surgeon from the University of Toronto in 1893, he became  — 162 — Obituary  prominent in real estate and with James Jones formed the Central  Okanagan Land Company. This company brought irrigation water  to Dry Valley north of Kelowna and turned it into the prosperous  fruit growing area known today as Glenmore. In 1925 he became  active in the real estate development of the Columbia Valley Ranches  Ltd. in the East Kootenays. He was a director of the first Kelowna  Hospital and a Kelowna alderman in 1907 and 1908. He is survived  by his son Charles who still runs the family real estate business under  the name of Charles Gaddes and Son Ltd. in Kelowna; and three sons  in Victoria, Dr. William, Boyce and Leonard Gaddes. Also one  daughter Betty (Mrs. B. Hadsell) in Los Angeles. Twelve grandchildren, six great-grandchildren, one brother and one sister (Herbert  Gaddes in Vancouver and Mrs. Dalgleish in Calgary).  CLARKE — J. B. McL. "Mac" Clarke passed away in Penticton hospital on November 2nd, 1965, in the 69th year. Born at  Deroche on Nicomen Island, B.C., he moved with his family to Keremeos in 1912. He enlisted in World War 1 from Guelph Agricultural  College. After the war he took up fruit growing in Keremeos and  took a prominent part in fruit industry affairs. He also served for  many years as a director of the Keremeos Irrigation District and was  a prominent Conservative in the Similkameen and South Okanagan  area. He was a member of Hedley Masonic Lodge No. 43, A.F. &  A.M. He is survived by his wife Katie (Keremeos), and two brothers James of Keremeos and George of Kelowna; two sisters, Mrs.  H. C. McGuffie, Keremeos, and Mrs. Margaret Brownrigg, Beaumont, Texas.  HAUG — A native son of Kelowna and veteran of the First  World War, Herbert Roy Haug, 68, of 1746 Water Street, died in  the Kelowna General Hospital Friday, October 1, 1965. He is the  son of pioneer William Haug who came to Kelowna from Ontario  in 1892 and established the firm later known as William Haug and  Son. Mr. Haug received his education here and at 17 joined the  172nd Rocky Mountain Rangers and served in France with the 72nd  Seaforth Highlanders. He was wounded in Amiens in 1918. He  returned to Kelowna and joined his father's business which he operated until it was sold and he retired in 1962. In 1946 he married the  former Isobel Nairn in Vancouver. Mr. Haug was a member of  the Royal Canadian Legion, Branch No. 26, Kelowna, since its  inception in 1926 and a member of the Great War Veterans association before the legion was formed. He was also a member of the  Masonic order. He is survived by his wife; a sister, Bessie (Mrs.  Andrew Ritchie), Glenmore; and a brother, Gordon, Kelowna.  -163 — Ernest Sammet  ERNEST SAMMET  Mr. Ernest Sammet passed away  at his home at Naramata on March  24, 1965, aged 74. He is survived  by his wife, Winnie, and two daughters : Mrs. P. Workman, Naramata,  and Mrs. Margaret Pezzola, San Jose,  California; and five grandchildren.  He was predeceased by his only son,  Pilot Officer J. H. Sammet, RCAF,  in 1943.  Mr. Sammet came to Penticton  from Eston, Sask., in 1920 and purchased an orchard close to town. At  the same time he was employed in  the meat market of the late C.  E. Burtch. In 1921 Mr. Sammet moved to Naramata, purchased  orchard property and resided there until the time of his passing.  He was for many years a member of the Penticton Rotary Club,  a member of the Penticton Branch, O.H.S., and the first president  of C.A.R.S. He was a member of the Penticton Horticultural Society  where he was awarded many prizes at flower shows; also he won  many awards at Summerland and Armstrong flower shows. Last  year he won the Canadian Legion Cup for best rose exhibits. He  was a member of the Senior Citizens' Association and an ardent  lawn bowler. At Naramata he was a member of the Official Board  of the United Church for many years; a trustee of the Naramata  Irrigation District for ten years; and he was on the executive of  the B.C.F.G.A. for many years. Mr. Sammet enjoyed pioneering.  In 1947 he obtained land at Cawston, pumped water from the river  nearby, grew quantities of corn and tomatoes and planted a large  orchard. The late Lee McLaughlin of Summerland grew hundreds  of gladioli between the young trees which made a beautiful sight.  Recently the government erected road signs and one, Sammet Road,  leads to the home where Mr. Sammet dwelt for 25 years. Later he  resided near Aikens Loop.  -*(►•  — 164 — Vernon  By Kate Seymour  I love this little city here  Nestled snug among the hills,  I love the lakes with colors too  And hills in spring with yellowbells.  I love the mountains reaching up  To touch the downy clouds so high,  And their snowy, towering peaks  That pierce the pale blue of a summer sky.  I love its narrow streets with trees  That lend their shade in summer time,  And in the fall the autumn leaves  Are like a shower of gold, when shedding them.  I love its crowds of people too  That saunter slowly up and down  That speak-in tongues of many lands  Have come to make this beauty spot their home.  I love its memories of old,  When friendship meant so much to all,  'Twas then a willing hand was near  In time of need, to help or answer any call.  I love it for itself alone  In all its grandeur fair  I'm glad, so glad I am part of it  As my heart and home is there.  -4&~-  — 165 — The Late Manuel Barcelo  Editor's Note: The following obituary is taken from the Hedley  Gazette dated 4th January, 1912.  Word has been received as we go to press of the death at 7:30  on Wednesday morning of Manuel Barcelo of Keremeos, of whose  illness mention was made in our Keremeos correspondence.  Since the death of the late Frank Richter about a year ago,  Manuel Barcelo was probably the oldest survivor among the earliest  settlers in this portion of the Similkameen Valley, and was universally respected-  Deceased was born in Mexico and like most of the oldest  settlers of the district who came from all parts of the globe, placer  mining engaged his attention. Even when not engaged in active  placer mining he packed supplies into the placer camps and had a  large pack train of mules that were used by him to transport goods  into the leading camps where placer mining or other pioneer operations were carried on.  It was in this way that he made his first acquaintance with the  Similkameen at. Keremeos which was then a Hudson's Bay trading  post and there he took up his first pre-emption claim and began  the breeding of horses and cattle at which he prospered. He was  always a man of strong physique and with abundant exercise in the  open air at all times he enjoyed the best of health until about 7  years ago he met with an accident in which he sustained permanent  injury of the knee which left him crippled. He leaves a widow and  family of three sons to mourn his loss.  DIED at his home at Keremeos, Manuel Barcelo, aged 78 years.  — 166 — Mrs. Lizzie Rogers  By Mabel Johnson  All Saints' Church, Vernon, likes to call Mrs. Lizzie Rogers  its "youngest parishioner". Mrs. Rogers was 100 years "young"  on August 10th, 1965.  Born in Nottingham, England, she recalls that she used to play  in Robin Hood's caves in historic Sherwood Forest, as a little girl.  Among the messages of congratulation  from some of the world's great on attaining her 100th birthday was one from Her  Majesty, the Queen; another from the  Mayor and Mayoress of Nottingham;  others from Prime Minister Lester B.  Pearson, Leader of the Opposition John  Diefenbaker, and from the City of Vernon.  Mrs. Rogers sang in All Saints'  Church choir for more than 40 years. She  still likes to sing, and follows the church  service over the radio on broadcast Sundays, joining in the beautiful and well-  known chants and hymns. Her choir work  is one of her fondest memories, and she  speaks of Mr. Bill Allistair as one of the choir masters at All Saints'  under whose direction she sang. She started in the choir three  weeks after she, with her husband and young family, arrived in  Vernon.    She was also a Sunday School teacher.  Mrs. Rogers came to Canada with her parents, brothers and  sisters, in 1877. They settled first in London, Ont., and later in  Toronto, where she married the late Alfred Rogers. Immediately  after their marriage they went to Pittsburgh, Penn., coming to  Vernon on May 12th, 1901.  Son-in-law and daughter, Mr. and Mrs. Graham Smalley, live  with Mrs. Rogers at her Kalamalka Lake home.  She is in good health, her memory good, other faculties wonderful after a century of use. She still knits without glasses and  scorns the very idea of an afternoon nap. She has completed 19  children's sweaters this year for the Red Cross, the last one finished  on the morning of her 100th birthday.  When asked to what she attributed her longevity, Mrs. Rogers  said it was "always keeping busy"; recalling, however, that she had  Mr. and Mrs. Rogers  as the early 1940's saw them  — 167 — Mrs. Lizzie Rogers  been told as a girl she would never live to see 21. "I wish that doctor  were alive today, then he would see how mistaken he was," she said.  Mr. and Mrs. Rogers had six daughters; one of them died in her  youth, the second seven years ago. She has six grandchildren and  nine great-grandchildren. Celebrating with Mrs. Rogers on her 100th  birthday were: Daughter Mrs. A. T. Cullen, Mr. and Mrs. Waldon  Cullen, all of Burnaby, B.C.; son and daughter-in-law Mr. and Mrs.  W. T. Thomas of Westbank; grand-daughter Mrs. Wanda Fell  and great-grandsons Chris and Corrie Cullen, all of Burnaby; as  well as Mr- and Mrs. Graham Smalley.  •«§B§*~  THE HEDLEY GAZETTE — May 2, 1912  The death occurred on Thursday morning of Francois Supren-  ant, better known here as Frank Surprise, at the age of 77 years.  The funeral took place at the cemetery on Saturday, the service  being conducted by the Rev. Father Conan. Mr. Surprise was of  French-Canadian descent, born in Quebec. He, at the time of his  death, was the oldest of old timers in the valley, coming here some  47 years ago. It was he who planted the first stake on what is now  known as the Richter Estate. He leaves behind a wife, son and five  daughters to mourn his loss, to whom we extend our sincerest sympathy in their sad bereavement.  Fred Carner left Monday evening for Pendleton, Oregon, to  bring back about 700 head of sheep, which he lately purchased. Mr.  Carner's ranch is at the junction of the Apex and Keremeos-Pen-  ticton road and is an ideal spot on which to raise sheep.  Kaleden — The electric lights were seen for the first time last  Saturday at the new Hotel.  Kaleden — The concrete building being erected for the Kaleden  Supply Co. is completed as far as the second storey.  Ad. in this paper—  Keremeos-Penticton Mail Stage. The auto stage leaves Keremeos for Penticton, Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays at 5 p.m.  Single fare $7.50; Return $14-00.   Phone 14 Penticton. V. E. Welby.  Ad. in this paper—  Sing Lee. Laundry, Contracting of all kinds, Ditch digging,  Wood sawing, Clearing land, Cooking and all kinds of Chinese  Labor.    Keremeos.  — 168 Pioneer B.C. Doctor Passes at Armstrong  By James E. Jamieson  One of British Columbia's most distinguished nonagenarians, Dr.  William Boyd McKechnie, died in Armstrong on May 3, 1965, in his  98th year.  Widely known throughout British Columbia, this fine senior  citizen made outstanding contributions not only in the sphere of his  chosen medical profession, but also in the fields of civic, education,  religious and scientific agricultural pursuits for over sixty years.  He made his home at Armstrong for the past 45 years. Dr-  McKechnie was born at Port Elgin, Bruce County, Ontario, December  18, 1867. He graduated with distinction from the University of  Toronto Medical School in 1895. The West beckoned and in 1896  he established his first medical practice in the mountain railway  centre of Revelstoke. He served on that city's first council. At the  turn of the century, Dr. McKechnie moved to Vancouver where  he established a large practice, becoming one of the city's best known  medical practitioners, both as a physician and surgeon. He was  prominent in his profession at the original Vancouver General Hospital when it was located on Pender Street and later re-located in its  present site at 12th and Heather.  Dr. McKechnie's interests became manifold. He was a member  of the Vancouver School Board and in 1904 founded and became  first president of the B.C. School Trustees' Association.  He served as an alderman of the City of Vancouver in 1909  and 1910. During World War I, he served as a medical officer with  the Canadian Army, 1915 to 1917, attached to No. 5 Canadian Army  Hospital, stationed in Salonica, Greece.  Retiring in 1920 from his highly successful medical career, he  turned his interests to a life-long love of agricultural pursuits, settling on a farm north of Armstrong, where, with his son, Kenneth B.  McKechnie, operated this with much success. It was the site for  many years of the federal field crops illustration centre. He was a  staunch and life-long member of the Presbyterian Church. At his  death he was the oldest living Elder of the Presbyterian faith in  British Columbia.  In recognition of his contribution to the civic life of the province,  late in 1964, in Vancouver, he was bestowed with the highest honor  accorded a citizen - Freeman of the City of Vancouver, and Freeman  of the City of Revelstoke.  Dr. McKechnie is survived by three sons: Donald C. McKechnie,  Sudbury, Ontario; Ian J. McKechnie, Gibsons, B.C.; Kenneth B.  McKechnie, Armstrong, B.C.; one daughter, Mrs. J. P. G. (Martha)  MacLeod, Vancouver, B.C. The funeral was held at St. Andrew's  Church, Armstrong, with Rev. Denis H. Mahood officiating. Burial  followed in the Armstrong Cemetery.  — 169 — Alex D. Marshall  By Nigel Pooley  Alex Marshall, whose obituary notice appears in another part  of this report, performed a lasting service to his fellow men here  in the Okanagan by. his work in the water rights branch of the  provincial government. He came on the scene just after the First  World War at a time when there was still considerable confusion  as to who owned what water rights on various creeks.  Arguments over water rights are peculiarly frustrating in that  relatively large sums of money were often involved by people who  could not afford to lose. The problem was that land was purchased  and crops planted in areas where irrigation water supplies were  completely inadequate.  The situation brought on many scenes of bitterness and senseless feuds between neighbours. It was in this atmosphere of exasperation and the mindless wrangling that ensued that Alex Marshall  really shone. His mild manner and simple logic with a little personal  philosophy thrown in would often solve a problem which appeared  a complete stalemate.  Quite apart from his work which benefitted so many farmers,  Alex Marshall was unique in another way. He bothered his head  very little with personal financial gain yet his life was quite as full  as though he had been a dollar millionaire. He looked upon the whole  Okanagan as his personal estate. He knew where the best fishing  was, where the best hunting was, where every mountain trail led  and what lay beyond. He was familiar with the history of nearly  every piece of land that has been cleared in the last forty years and  knew the people who cleared it. He knew what method early surveyors used to find the altitude of familiar hills. He knew the  potential of every watershed from Enderby to Osoyoos.  It was as if it was all his land and in his quiet way he enjoyed  every waking day of his life in the Okanagan. In his retirement  years he served Kelowna as magistrate from 1950 to 1956 and while  he held this position gave his whole time to seeing that justice was  done, and that such things as bias and hearsay had no place in court-  Because of his character and early education and natural inclinations, Alex Marshall made a considerable contribution to the well-  being of a great many people in the Okanagan. This is a good time  to mention that his wife, known as "Mrs. Marshall" to literally  hundreds of Kelowna and ex-Kelowna citizens, made an equally great  contribution in her particular field, which was teaching.    On her  — 170 — Alex D. Marshall  husband's death she retired to live with relations in England but in  the little room upstairs in the Marshall home she coached an almost  endless procession of young people into passing their High School  Matriculation Exams. Her reward for her years of patience was  in fact very little more than the eventual gratitude of her pupils.  ~-4$  — 171 — NARAMATA IN RETROSPECT  The townsite and district of Naramata lie on the eastern side of  the Okanagan Lake about nine miles north of the city of Penticton.  An area of some 700 acres of irrigable land with slightly over 600  residents, whose basic interest is the raising and shipping of fruit.  Of later years the beauty of its setting, its beaches and benchlands  have attracted the summer visitor, and this has changed our quiet little  village into something quite different—a bustling tourist centre during  the summer season.  Though near enough to Penticton to be almost a suburb of it,  Naramata has kept its identity. It is still an Unorganized District,  it now boasts two churches, a co-operative packing house, fire-hall,  garage, two stores, three motor courts and a resort hotel — and, since  1948 the rapidly growing holdings of the Christian Leadership Training School of the United Church.  Naramata is the third and last town in the Okanagan Valley to  be founded by the late J. M. Robinson — a man of vision who had  the courage to work out his dreams.  We marvel at the imagination which could picture the transformation of arid sage-covered slopes into orderly blocks of orchards.  No doubt he saw them a glory at blossom time, or envisioned them  laden with luscious fruit.   His mental picture would be full-blown.  In these days of promoted sub-divisions on the outskirts of some  established town, a new settlement can develop along the lines of  natural growth. But a new promotion must have all its services and  utilities planned and arranged for in advance. Problem by problem  must be solved — the building of wharfage and boat service —  surveying of a town-site, orchard tracts and roads — the life-giving  irrigation system, establishment of a school, post office, cemetery,  park and recreational grounds. A Development Company must be  formed for the promotion of land sales and the administration of  the public utilities. A potential town must be created before it is  offered to the public for settlement.  Mr. Robinson came into the valley in 1897 from Brandon, Man.,  drawn to Vernon and nearby areas by his interest in mining, but  this did not hold him for long. His fancy was taken by the idea  of commercial fruit growing — after seeing luscious peaches grown  where Peachland is now situated. This area possessed all the requirements for fruit growing — favorable climate, rich soil and available  water in sufficient quantities for irrigation.  A general movement of questing settlers into the West about  — 172 Naramata in Retrospect  the time of launching of Peachland accounted for the success of the  venture. Thus was Peachland born in 1897, and a new industry started  in the West-  After living there with his family for four years he saw the  opportunity of starting such another project near Trout Creek to  the south of Peachland. In 1902 he purchased the old Barkley Ranch  whose limits were substantially those of what we now know as Prairie  Valley, and the foreshore, known now as Lower Summerland. This  district was organized and promoted along the lines of his first  successful town-planning. It was a happy district attracting many  English settlers as well as Canadians.  After four or five years spent in the growing community of  Summerland, the urge to go on to a new operation rose again, and  Mr. Robinson felt that he must respond. As he sat on the verandah  of his Summerland home he was often beguiled by a panorama spread  along the opposite lakeshore, across a stretch of some three miles  of water. He gazed with longing eyes at the beautiful Nine Mile  Point, and he could visualize a lovely little town with perfect beaches,  and behind had visions of orchards planted on the considerable length  of benchland, and beautiful homes with a matchless view overlooking Lake Okanagan. This was to be the last and the best. Here  would be the playground of the Okanagan.  A visit to it, necessarily by boat for there were no roads, convinced him that it was an ideal spot for settlement with potential  orchard lands above of approximately 1000 acres extent- The benches,  faced by precipitous clay cliffs dropping to the lake, were fairly  deepr before reaching the rocky hill behind them. They were crosscut by several ravines which had carried the spring freshets into the  lake. Three of these maintained a constant flow of water, and the  central one had, over the centuries, built a delta into the lake forming  a point of several acres. This region, known as Nine Mile, was flat  and wooded with wide sandy beaches stretching along into two  gracious bays on either side.  These acres which were beckoning him formed a part of the  vast pasturage of the Tom Ellis Estate, whose cattle range extended  at one time roughly from the U.S. border to Chute Creek, seven  miles north of Nine Mile. The eastern boundary was approximately  where benchland and hills met.    All above it were Crown Lands.  Above Nine Mile there were three pre-emptions taken from the  Crown Lands bordering on the creeks. Jim Rolf had a cabin high  up on Chute Creek, Daniel and George McKay on Mill Creek and  John Robinson on Camp Creek. These men lived the lives of hermits  — 173 — Naramata in Retrospect  by choice, leaving their pre-emptions periodically to work at some  job long enough to get a grub-stake and lay in supplies for another  sojourn in the hills.  John Robinson pre-empted 160 acres east of the present  Arawana Railway Section House. He was mortally afraid of rattlesnakes and dug a six feet deep trench around his cabin. One very  warm day in August, 1919, he was burning rubbish in his' trench  when a strong wind sprang up, and the fire got away and spread  for twenty miles on a three-mile front. A construction camp for  enlarging the Little Dam was in the path of the fire and the men  had to take to a raft on the lake. The camp was demolished. John  Robinson died alone in his cabin on Camp Creek in the thirties —  the possessor of a small fortune in government bonds, some say  plastered under newspapers on his cabin walls.  Jim Rolf refused to leave his cabin home until he was brought  out by force, a very ill man, to end his few remaining months in  Naramata. One other man by the name of Mason had a cabin above  John Robinson's and made a bare living from placer mining in the  creek-bed. He gave up the struggle in 1908.  Daniel McKay, more sociable than the others, left his preemption and built the first cabin on Nine Mile Point where he lived,  married, started a fruit lot, accumulated town property and died in  1946.  These pre-emptors and a saw-mill operation on Mill Creek Point  owned by Smith Bros. Lumbering Company of Vernon, were the  only signs of settlement in 1907 when Mr. Robinson finally acquired  the property, the site of the future village of Naramata.  The project of developing this new fruit-growing business was  one that appealed to young men and family men with young children. There were practically no elderly people in the place.  The first family to come to take up land was that of William  Mitchell who arrived in 1907. The town was barely out of the planning stage. Also at this time came several young Englishmen to  work for the Development Company, but remained as settlers. William  Nuttal, Thomas Kenyon and Walter Land are names connected with  the town for many years.  The largest holding, the Aikins Ranch, was purchased early in  1909 by J. S. Aikins of Winnipeg, and its management and ownership  have been in the hands of his son, Mr. C. C. Aikins, continuously to  the present.  The Wellband and Gillespie families were here from the first  in the capacity of promotion and planning. In 1908-1909 came a  group of good Canadian families, the J. M. Myers, the Robert King,  -174 — Naramata in Retrospect  T. I. Williams and Allen families who were to be the prime movers  in starting a Methodist Church.  The Languedoc and Hancock families came to the place by chance  and remained. There were many absentee owners of embryo orchards  who bought into the venture as a speculation. The management of  their acres was willingly taken over by some new settler who was  glad of the income to tide him over till his own orchard began to  produce. This brought in William Armour, Harold Endicott and  Robert Gammon who managed the Niblock place.  In 1910 a number of families came from Michigan, remaining  for the most to take their share in town life. We think of the J. H.  Wells, the H. P. Saltings, the F. H. Rounds, the D. Walters and  the George Cooks.  Many settlers came and left after short stops in the village.  There have been three large related family groups who have  become permanently settled and have helped to shape the society of  Naramata. First the related Roe families who came from Ottawa  and took an active part in the business of town-building. Then the  Partridge family which grew to have about 75 members in residence  at one time.. About the same time the parent family of Little John  came with married sons and daughters.  Fred Anderson, who originally came from the prairies, in 1903  pre-empted 160 acres on Pine Creek, two miles north of Chute Creek.  He built his cabin at the mouth of the creek and planted apple trees.  He later became a recognized taxidermist and still lives in Penticton  where, at the age of 96, he has the distinction of being the oldest  pioneer of this area. He sold this property to Matthew Wilson who  developed several acres of orchard, built his own extensive irrigation  system from Chute' Creek, to which he held first water rights, and  called the property Paradise Ranch. He died in 1946 and his family  is carrying on. The provincial government built a seven-mile road to  the ranch from Naramata in 1910, and previous to that produce had  been delivered by motor-boat.  The new district had many points of interest to incoming settlers. On Camp Creek, within easy walking distance from the town-  site was a beautiful waterfall, which made a favorite Sunday walk.  Unfortunately it was ruined when the railroad was built. All along  the beach could be found Indian arrow-heads, the result, as the tale  goes, of a fierce battle on the point between two warring tribes of  Indians. Reminiscent also of historic times is the Indian painting  on a large boulder along the highway to Chute Creek, and others  further north at Paradise Ranch. These have never yet been deciphered, though various explanations have been offered.    This high-  — 175 — Naramata in Retrospect  way follows the old pack-trail which was used by the fur-traders,  and the cattle men.  The first death in Naramata was that of Joe Cracknell, a young  Englishman who had contracted tuberculosis, and his passing pointed  up the need for some organization in caring for unattached persons  in case of illness. So was born "The Unity Club", a social and benevolent society formed to meet such emergencies.  On the afternoon of October 3, 1907, the women of Naramata  gathered at the tent home of Mrs. Gillespie for the purpose of considering the advisability of organizing a women's club, After some  discussion it was moved, seconded and carried that a club be organized with the following officers: president, vice-president and secretary. Mrs. Wellband was appointed president, Mrs. Mulford vice-  president and Mrs- J.M. Robinson secretary.  A number of names for the club were suggested but it was  decided to leave this till the following meeting, to be held in one  week's time at the home of Mrs. Johnson. At.this meeting the name  Women's Unity Club was selected as suitable, and the aim of the  club was to promote the social life of this small but growing village,  aid the sick and assist in any charitable work approved by a majority  of the members present at any meeting.  Meetings were to be held every week at the homes of members  with an hour of needlework and social intercourse followed by business. At one of these meetings it was decided to help in forming a  reading room for the young men of the village. This did not materialize, so the reading matter collected was distributed at the school.  At the meeting on November 7, 1907, Mrs. W. W. Mitchell  was welcomed as the first new member, having arrived with her  family to join her husband who had himself stayed from a former  trip from the East and remained to establish a home for his family  in the new village of Naramata. At this meeting also it was decided  to add a treasurer to the list of officers, and Miss Collins, the schoolteacher, was duly elected. It seemed necessary to have funds so  each member was asked to bring five cents a week, but this was not  compulsory.  As each new family came to the village the women were invited  to the club and proposed as members. The club met each week and  elected officers every three months until in April, 1908, it was decided  to extend the term of office to one year.   This ruling is still in force.  The first Christmas in the village was celebrated by a community  gathering, sponsored by the Unity Club. This took the form of a  Christmas Tree Concert with all in the village taking part, and a  — 176 — Naramata in Retrospect  treat from Santa. This custom was carried on for many years and  then the Sunday School took it over.  In 1909 Mrs- Gillespie was elected president of our club and until  1915 guided us in that position. The first Unity Club picnic was  held in July of that year, Mr. Robinson taking all members and their  families on his houseboat to Crescent Beach.  By 1910 the club had grown to a membership of 40 and it was  felt that a club house was needed. To own property and building  legally it was necessary for the club to have by-laws and be incorporated under the Societies Act. This we proceeded to do. Mrs.  Wellband offered a lot for the club house, with the request that the  club remain non-sectarian.  In 1911 Mr. Robinson donated a lot on the West Beach and  offered to finance the building of a club house with interest at 6°/o  and ample time given for repayment. This very generous offer was  accepted. To help swell the funds for our building, honorary members were invited to join. The fee was $10.00 for men and $5.00  for women living out of the village.  On September 9 of that year it was decided to build a club  house and on October 3 members and friends gathered to witness  the laying of the corner stone by Mrs. J. M. Robinson. On December  23, 1911, we received our charter, which made us the first chartered  women's club in B-C, if not in Canada. On September 24, 1920,  we received the clear title to our club house.  The ,Unity Club was, you might say, the sponsor of all the  social life in the village for a great number of years. Community  dinners, concerts, card parties, and picnics were enjoyed by all.  Showers were held for members who homes burned down, and also  for brides-to-be. The care of families who had sickness and other  welfare work was undertaken by the club. Other clubs were sponsored, such as the Red Cross, UBC Extension Courses and Study  Groups, and never forgotten was the friendliness extended to all  who came to our small village.  Mrs. J. M. Robinson was elected to be our president in 1920  and held that position until 1934 when she asked to be relieved of  her duties owing to ill health. To Mrs. Robinson and Mrs. Gillespie  we of this village owe so much. The loving and progressive guidance  was reflected in the spirit of the people, which earned us the unique  distinction of being "The place that is different". The Unity Club  is still in existence, and under it the Centennial Library is flourishing.  The Happyland Boys were four young English lads from Lancashire who came to Canada in 1905, worked in the East and gradually  177 — Naramata in Retrospect  worked their way West to find their home in the new village of  Naramata in the spring of 1907.  Will Nuttal, whose diary has been invaluable for our research,  came first to seek work at the Smith Sawmill at Mill Creek Point  just north of the new village, in August 1907, but was met by Mr.  Wellband, one of Mr. Robinson's foremen, who asked him and Harry  Hill, who was with him, to stay in the village and help clear and  make roads and develop the orchards.  They went back to Summerland and persuaded their friends  Tom Kenyon and Walter Land, who had been in Summerland since  earlier in the year, to come over to this new village too. They built  themselves a small tent house and settled in to be joined a few years  later by Harold Endicott.  They took their place in the village in work and play and it can  be truly said by all that they were the Happyland Boys. It was they  who helped each new settler in our village get settled, clear and plant  their orchards. They also helped with the clearing and building of  the roads and clearing and building the dams from which we are  supplied water for domestic use as well as irrigation for the orchards.  The first land for an orchard was ploughed by Mr. W. W.  Mitchell in early January of 1908. He was helped by Will Nuttal  and Harry Hill in staking and planting the first orchard in the district  that spring. His son Harold is now living on the home orchard.  Carroll Aikins is the only early settler to live on and manage his  original orchard. The only other son to be on the home orchard  is Percy Hancock, whose parents came in 1910 from Scotland.  Early in the year 1908 the Entertainers Club was formed by  Mrs. J. S. Gillespie and her two sons, Mark and Fred Manchester,  who wrote a song called Naramata as well as the still popular The  Old Okanagan. They were in charge of all the concerts and a lot  of the dances put on to raise the money for the building of our Unity  Club House, and other needs in the community. The concerts put on  in Naramata were well-known throughout the valley and special boats  were run from Kelowna, Peachland, Summerland and Penticton to  bring the people. We had a very good Opera House which held  about 200 people, a stage, and all that goes with the production of  entertainment. Everyone in the village had some part in these entertainments.  The Athletic and Aquatic Association was formed in 1908 under  the patronage of Mr. Robinson. The Regatta, Tennis, Croquet,  Baseball, Bowling and Shooting Clubs all came under this organization.  The outstanding features were the regattas.   The first regatta  — 178 — Naramata in Retrospect  to be held in Naramata was in 1908, and by 1909 the spacious grandstand wharf and dance pavilion having been built on the west shore  of the Naramata Hotel property, three wonderful regattas were  enjoyed that year, with an attendance of about 500 people at the first  one.  His Honor Dr. G. H. V. Bulyea, Lieutenant-Governor of  Alberta, opened the first regatta, June 17, 1909. The Hon. Richard  McBride, Premier of B.C., addressed the people at this regatta and  Mr. Price-Ellison, member for Okanagan in the legislature, also  spoke. At the second regatta, held July 22, 1909, there were about  800 people present and the members of the councils of Kelowna,  Peachland and Penticton, together with their wives, were entertained  by the Athletic and Aquatic Association on board Mr. Robinson's  houseboat The Lily of the Valley. Invitations were extended to the  councils of Coldstream, Vernon and Summerland to the final regatta  of the series, August 26, 1909-  The club acquired several racing canoes, a war canoe and a skiff.  This highly enjoyable entertainment and sport was carried on in our  village for a good number of years. The people and participants  came together by means of the Lake Steamers York, Aberdeen and  Okanagan. It was quite a sight to see the York and the Aberdeen  moored at Naramata wharf, and nearby the sizeable aquatic building  with bleachers, refreshment rooms and dance floor.  Mr. Robinson owned a powerful launch as well as his houseboat, and he would often invite the whole town to go on a picnic.  The houseboat and launch were filled and a trip would be made to  some nearby beach. Chute Creek was the scene of many an hilarious  fish bake. At that time the creek was teeming with kickininnies which  could be scooped up by hand or gaffed in great quantities every fall.  Since the water of the creeks has been used more extensively for  irrigation the fish are seldom seen now.  The early years were happy years which only a small population  could experience. There were no cliques. The people were thrown  on their own resources for their entertainment and everybody went  to the same event. With the growth of the place, its character  changed. The settlers became too engrossed in the management of  their growing orchards and the expanding fruit industry to find the  time to develop the recreational facilities provided for in the town's  planning. The baseball diamond was sold for an orchard, and rows  of apricot trees mark the base lines, and a cherry tree is holding down  second base. The original park site is now a pasture, the present  Manitou Park .being officially opened on May Day, 1935- The golf  course and club house, though started, were never finished.  — 179 — Naramata in Retrospect  The younger women in the village formed the Sigma Delta Club  in 1910. They sponsored teas, dances, card parties, and all proceeds  were given to the Women's Unity Club to apply to their building  fund. This club was quite notorious in its day. They had a lot of  good fun and the initiations were most original.  The Tennis Club was a very live club in the village. It was  formed in 1912 and was responsible for the building of two very  fine tennis courts. There was keen competition amongst the residents of the other places in the valley.  The Farmers Institute was formed in Naramata in 1913. It  was a very efficient organization when the orchards came into bearing,  recognized by the government who sent advice and lecturers on all  farm work. It was replaced by a board of directors when the  Okanagan United Growers Exchange was formed.  The Women's Institute was first organized in Naramata in 1915.  They also had demonstrators and lecturers sent by the Government.  As the orchards grew and more time had to be spent in the gardens  and homes, the Institute disbanded for a while, but has been reorganized in later years and is taking its part in our community as  Women's Institutes do throughout the world.  The Red Cross was first organized in Naramata in 1915 too,  and everyone in the village became a member. In the First World  War Naramata had an honored place in Canada for its contribution  to the War Bond Drive, when each centre had a flag with a crown  for each oversubscription of $1,000. Due largely to the efforts of  John Robinson, the Naramata flag had no less than fifteen crowns.  After the war the Red Cross was inactive until the Second World  War when it was organized again and has carried on ever since.  There is a faithful band of workers who accomplish an astounding  amount of work.  When Mr. J. M. Robinson came with his family in the spring  of 1907 to take up residence in their tent house, built on the beautiful  beach of the property where the Hotel Naramata now stands, one  can say the church was started, for when the plans were drawn up  for the village lots were set aside for a Methodist and a Baptist  church.  Before a church could be built the children were taught and  the adults ministered to by Mrs. J. S. Gillespie, who came to Naramata under the direction of Mr. Robinson to organize the social life  of the community. Mrs. Gillespie was a spiritualist minister in her  own right and our first Sunday School was her lyceum, held at her  own tent house. She also held services which were called lectures  for the adults.   These were held on the verandahs of the homes or  180 — Naramata in Retrospect  on the beach, as were the first church services by other ministers.  The first bride in Naramata was Rosie Wilkinson whose wedding  was conducted by Rev. Mclntyre of Summerland, and the first child  christened was Kathleen Mulford, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Harry  Mulford. Mr. Mulford managed the first store for Mr. Robinson  and later owned a butcher shop of his own.  Late in 1907 Mr. William Bartlett came to Naramata to run  the post office, look after the company books and help in the store.  With the encouragement of Mr. and Mrs. Robinson, Mrs. Dan  McKay and Mrs. W. W- Mitchell, he undertook to start a community  Sunday School. Mr. Bartlett was superintendent to start with, but  Harry Hill was elected first superintendent. He was a Roman  Catholic, but ours was a true Community Sunday School and all  shared the work. Harry was accidentally killed in a logging accident in the spring of 1910. The tragedy was deeply felt by all the  village, which was like one large family. Mr. Bartlett took on the  superintendent's duties again, and held that position off and on for  over thirty years.  The first Community Sunday School was held at the Mitchell  home, then the Little Red School House, which was a company  house used as a school. When the first school was built, church  and Sunday School moved there. This is now part of our Community Hall. The present Naramata Elementary School was built  in 1914, with the third classroom being added after the Second  World War. As the Church and Sunday School grew larger with  the village, a new company store was built and an Opera House was  built above it. Church and Sunday School were then moved there  until our first church was built in 1911.  We were not served by anv one minister for some time. Church  was first held on verandahs or on the beach by the tent houses, then  the school house, then the Opera House when one of the ministers  could come from Peachland or Summerland to preach. They were  Anglican, Baptist, Methodist and Presbyterian; Rev. Solly, Rev.  Hood, Rev. Mclntyre, Rev- A. T. Robinson, Rev. Balderson, to  name a few. They were brought to us by the kindness of Mr.  Robinson in his launch till a regular ferry service was established  across the lake to Summerland.  As the village grew, the road, little more than a trail, was  completed to Penticton. We were put in the Penticton district  to be served through the Missionary and Maintenance Fund under  the Methodist Church. The Presbyterian minister from Penticton,  Rev. Ferguson Miller, came whenever he was asked to help, but  the first regular minister to come to us  from there was Rev. G.  — 181 — Naramata in Retrospect  O. Fallis, travelling first by horseback and later by horse and buggy.  It was early in 1911 that the suggestion of building a church  was brought up. Some wanted it; others frowned upon the idea  at that time.    Still others said it was quite impossible.  In the village, however, lived the brilliant man who was developing Naramata. As Rev. Fallis writes in his book, Padre's Pilgrimage,  J. M. Robinson had a kindly heart as well as a keen mind.' He  welcomed the new minister, gave him the key to a room at Hotel  Naramata and said he was always welcome to meals in the bright  dining room overlooking the beautiful Okanagan Lake. He greatly  encouraged the young man and was a strong influence in his life-  He took him into his office and showed him a map with the names  of orchard owners from the East through to the West, and suggested he travel East and solicit funds to help build the church  which all would attend when they came to Naramata in the future  to live on their orchards. The CPR gave Rev. Fallis a pass, and  away he went on his mission, which was a great success, but not  quite successful enough to build a church.  The village folk had given as much as they could, but more  was needed. Rev. Fallis himself came with a team, democrat and  scraper, bound on setting an example of how to get it done. When  his determination was seen, everyone to a man turned to with a  will, and the corner stone of the church was laid in October, 1911.  It was to be years before the church was debt-free — not  until January, 1931, was the last note burned. It was started as a  Methodist Church, but many people still wanted it to be the Community Church. All denominations held services there and all  denominations worked for it and held positions on the Church Board,  and all contributed to its upkeep.  Rev. Bunt, who stayed several years, was the first minister.  The first baptism in the church was in February, 1912, being Kenneth Wells, son of Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Wells, Penticton. The first  marriage was that of Nellie Orca Williams of Naramata and  Joseph Stanley Dicken of Fernie, which was solemnized on September 6,  1916, by Rev. R. M. Thompson of Penticton.  The Ladies Aid was organized in the year 1911, the first  president being Mrs. Davies, followed by Mrs. J. Allen, Mrs. J.  M. Myers, Mrs. F. Young, Mrs. W. Mitchell, Mrs. G. Cook, Mrs.  J. Gawne and Mrs. H. P. Salting. This has always been a very  active organization, with a corps of willing and cheerful workers  who have helped to keep the church going with their financial aid  as the need arose. In 1930 the Boys Group, under Mr. Gawne's  direction, gave their services to beautify the grounds surrounding  — 182 — Naramata in Retrospect  the church by fencing, planting trees and flowers, which greatly  helped the appearance of the church. In 1933 the Junior Aid was  organized, and since that time has done considerable work and  helped the church with purchasing furniture.  In the early years at Naramata there seems to have been no  Anglican members or services. Upon arrival in Summerland in  December, 1907, of the Rev. A. H. Solly, he realized the need for  visitations in Naramata. Therefore, early iri 1908, he arranged for  a service of Evensong on one Sunday each month, these being held  in the large hall above the Naramata Supply Store, by kind permission of J. M. Robinson. Mrs. Robinson, as the Anglican family  grew, became one of its untiring workers.  Transportation to and from was by horse and buggy via Penticton, but later in the year, a direct boat ferry service was established with a special trip for the Sundays when the services were  held. Occasionally rough water or ice conditions made this impossible.    From 1927 the trips were made by car from Penticton.  There appears to be no record of committees or wardens, but  in April, 1909, there arrived from England a retired sea-captain  and his wife- They were Captain and Mrs. F. D. G. Languedoc,  who for the next 23 years served the parish faithfully and actively.  On those occasions when Mr. Solly celebrated Holy Communion,  it would be early on the Monday morning following Evensong, and  the Languedoc home was always at his disposal for the night.  Captain Languedoc was the first warden, and so served until  his death in 1932. A vestry committee was elected. Mrs. Languedoc, besides being the organist, was a faithful worker in the Women's  Auxiliary, which later honored her with a Life Membership award.  In 1915 Mr. and Mrs. T. H. Rayner arrived, and immediately  became active in the parish. Mr. Rayner subsequently succeeded  Mrs. Languedoc as organist, while Mrs. Rayner worked faithfully  in the Women's Auxiliary, which later also gave her a Life Membership. Mr. Rayner became the successor of Captain Languedoc  as church-warden and for some time served as parish secretary-  treasurer. The devoted service given by these four faithful souls  afforded a firm foundation upon which others were to build.  In 1911 the Anglicans were accorded the privilege of the use  of the newly-built Methodist Church in Naramata, and this arrangement continued until the erection of the present St. Peter's which  was dedicated by Bishop Adams on June 28, 1936. At this ceremony  Ven- Archdeacon Solly was an honoured guest. Consecration by  Bishop Adams on June 29, 1937.   The oaken cross on the altar was  — 183 — Naramata in Retrospect  designed and made by Mr. Fred Cross, in memory of the late  Captain Languedoc.  The parish hall was dedicated by Rt. Rev. F. P. Clark on April  23, 1954.  The present officers of St. Peter's Church, in reviewing its  growth, pay tribute to the very large share taken through the years  by the Women's Auxiliary, and later the Women's Guild. In  financing the various needs, it has been the Guild donation at the  end of each year which has turned a deficit into a credit balance.  Thus, as has been seen, men and women have been moved to  perform in the service of God. From such devoted and unselfish  labours, those pioneers who have gone to their reward, together  with those who followed them, have well and truly established St.  Peter's Church in Naramata. It has taken its place in church life  in the Okanagan Valley, conscious of the many blessings from  Almighty God, through the hearts and wills of His faithful servants.  In 1907 the connection with the outside world was by ferry  from Summerland in Mr. .Robinson's private launch The Naramate,  and later The Rattlesnake and the Maud Moore. The first small  government wharf was built where the barge slip now stands. Later  in 1908 the CPR wharf was built and the paddle-wheel steamer  Aberdeen called three times a week, to be followed in later years  by the Okanagan and the Sicamous. In 1909 the Okanagan Lake  Boat Company was incorporated by J. M. Robinson. It had headquarters in Naramata and inaugurated ferry service between here  and Summerland.  In June, 1912, the boat company was placed under the management of Mr. Peter Roe. The daily trips to Summerland were  increased and tri-weekly service to Penticton arranged. This was  necessary owing to the increased activity in the building of the  railway. The boat company was then purchased by the Naramata  Syndicate which added a larger boat and scows. The new boat,  The Skookum, was fully modern and could accommodate 60 passengers. The scows were constructed to haul freight and heavy cargos  to any point on the lake. Another very fine boat was added to the fleet  —the Trepanier, which was purchased by Capt. J. A. Noyes and  his brother I. R. Noyes. This boat was to be used for pleasure  trips, but with the sinking of the Skookum in a collision with the  CPR boat off Trout Creek Point, she was put into the regular ferry  service. Another larger boat, leased from a Kelowna company,  was also put on the same run. Captain F. D. Languedoc and Mr.  Roe were both injured in the collision. The new boat, The Pen-  towna, was later added to the fleet and the service to Kelowna.  — 184 — Naramata in Retrospect  Some time later the company was taken over by the CNR and the  Pentowna converted to a tug, a capacity in which she still serves-  One of the important jobs the Syndicate Company undertook  was the laying of the telephone cable across the lake to connect  Summerland and Naramata by phone. This was in use until 1918  when we were connected to the Penticton Exchange.  The first car in the village was brought in on the Okanagan  for Carroll Aikins. It was an E. M. Flanders, initials which stood  only too aptly,  for "Every Mechanical Failure".  The road building in the village started at the lakeshore end  of Robinson Avenue and First Street in 1907 after surveys had  been completed for the village, continuing the following year to  the benchland on the old Kelowna Trail to Penticton, which was  widened just enough to allow a wagon or democrat to travel on it.  Then a road to the Dan McKay pre-emption was made to enable  lumber to be hauled for the construction of an irrigation flume to  carry water from Mill Creek to Camp Creek. Next came the road  to the John Robinson pre-emption, to enable the hauling of supplies  to build flumes and ditches for the South Bench orchards.  Iu 1910 the road had been extended as far as the Poole orchard  and in 1911 on to Four Mile connecting the road to Penticton.  The method of travel was, of course, by saddle horse or team, wagon,  buggy or democrat.  During the summer of 1911 location survey parties under Chief  Engineer Gourley of Montreal traversed the country between Penticton and Carmi looking for a suitable grade for the CPR into  Penticton from the east. At one time a tunnel east of Penticton  was considered but that idea was abandoned as being too costly.  Location parties worked through the winter of 1911-12 and when  a contract with Grant Smith and Co. was signed in 1912, a definite  location was not yet firmly decided.  The first proposed right-of-way was on piling from Penticton along the east side of the lake, crossing Naramata townsite,  climbing to the bench above Paradise Ranch, and skirting Squally  Point, through to Okanagan Mission and Kelowna with the switchback climbing to the summit at McCulloch. Heavy rock work around  Squally Point forced the abandonment of that route. The second  suggested line followed the general level of the Old Kelowna Trail,  but was also abandoned due to too many grade crossings and the  cutting up of too much orchard land.  By mid-summer of 1912 sub-contractors were assembling equipment, building tote-roads and camps, and clearing right-of-way of  — 185 — Naramata in Retrospect  the present line. A contractors' office and warehouse were opened  in Naramata in September of that year, the main office and warehouse being opened later in Kelowna to cover the sixty miles of  work from Penticton to Hydraulic Summit.  Schacht and Co. started with their team-grader outfit north  from Penticton. Gilbert Brandt and Co. were working on the Little  Tunnel, and Backer, Harmount and Co. had their hands full with  the Big Tunnel. It was thought at one time that the whole line would  have to be re-located due to the extreme hardness of rock encountered  in the larger tunnel and volumes of seepage water. The C.I.L.  finally came up with 90% gelignite, which did the trick, and track-  laying was in progress by the summer of 1914.  The estimated cost of construction was $50,000 per mile, but  due to the hardness of rock and labor troubles, final figures v/ere  in excess of $100,000 per mile.  The construction of the KVR made a great impact on the little  town. After the survey was made and contractors had put up  some bunk houses and warehouses there was a sudden influx of  some 2000 construction workers. They were immediately taken into  the hills and stayed there, for the most part—Italians and Austrians.  But the contractors and survey crews became part of the life of  the town during their stay. There was great activity in freighting  supplies of all sorts into the hills from the branch headquarters of  the Grant Smith Co. in the village.  We had a jail and a policeman as well as our first introduction  to organized labor. The I.W.W- had a branch in the village, but  there was never a strike. The Canadian Bank of Commerce opened  a branch which functioned during these busy construction days.  The need for a hospital was early apparent, the original site, overlooking Manitou, was never developed.    .  Dave Good, another interesting pioneer if ever there was one,  came to this district at this time. He had his own pack train of  several horses and a helper. They moved survey parties and kept  them supplied with food. As a young man he had freighted in  North Dakota. He was a bachelor and later settled in Naramata  making his living with his team of horses in the orchards. He  died at the ripe age of 82 years.  Another "character" of this time was Nurse Gordon, who owned  a small property. She had boundless love and compassion for any  being, human or animal. No animal in distress ever escaped her  kindest ministrations. Her numberless cats were individuals to her  and any casual visitor to her home had to take chances with the cats  — 186 — ■  Naramata in Retrospect  and the special dog for a seat in her crowded living-room. Books  ... books and cats.  She purchased a nanny-goat which proved to be of absorbing  interest. Nanny was lonesome, and Margaret Gordon spent hours  with her to relieve the tedium of Nanny's days. Finally she hit upon  the idea of a mirror in the stall, but even with the company of her  own reflection Nanny was not happy. Then a handsome Billy goat  was added to the menage, but the pampered Nanny would have  nothing to do with him, so Miss Gordon then had two disconsolate  goats instead of one.  By her Will, her funeral was decidely unusual. She loathed  hearses and stipulated that she be borne to the cemetery by an  orchard cart and Mr. Morrow's small black horses. The cars of her  friends in the funeral procession had a great time trying to keep  to the pace of the ponies. She also wished her old dog to be shot  on the day of her death and buried at the same time she was.  In 1907, when J. M. Robinson was developing Naramata as a  fruit-growing district, he started the Naramata Irrigation Company  to supply water for the young orchards, so a ditch was dug from  Camp Creek for the South Bench and from Mill Creek for the North  Bench. Wooden flumes were built to distribute the water to the  different orchards, also a pipe-line to supply water to the townsite  with domestic water.  In 1909 two men with a four horse team were hired to haul  lumber from the wharf up the hill to Mill Creek for a flume to  carry water to Camp Creek, which usually dried up early in July.  Bruce Cash was the first water bailiff, and he drove around in what  was a luxury in those days—a Ford car—to deliver water for the  whole district.  A license was received for the little damsite, a landlocked lake  filled in the spring with snow water. A ditch was dug to drain the  lake to Mill Creek. In 1913 a gang of men went up to the dam  with wheel barrows, which had to be pushed up the hill from the end  of the road, and a pack horse carried the tents and supplies from  Naramata. They enlarged the dam, for the crying need was for  more water. The late Hans Salting was the general repair man  and he was always busy repairing flumes and plugging holes in the  ditches, mostly made by moles. As the trees were beginning to bear  fruit it was imperative that far more water be obtained. The Provincial Government was providing loans for water districts but not to  privately-owned companies, so, in 1917, a public meeting was held  in the old boat building for the purpose of forming a Naramata  — 187 — Naramata in Retrospect  Irrigation District, and a committee was elected to negotiate with the  government.  In the fall of 1914 every available man went to what is now  the Big Dam, but was then a beaver meadow, to fill in the outlet  and strengthen all the front.    This was voluntary labour.  By 1920 the water was flowing to the orchards from the Big  Dam. The late W. J. Nuttall discovered Summit Lake while on a  hunting trip, and this was subsequently named Nuttall Dam by the  government.  The area was now growing fast and metal lining was put in all  the wooden flumes, and pipe to replace the earth ditches. The dams  emptied early in August, then if there was no rain the orchards on  the South suffered for want of water which caused much discontent, for what was left in the creek went in the domestic line which  served the North Bench and the town. As the south residents had  to build their own water cisterns for domestic use there was none  left for the gardens and when one drove over on the North and  saw the flowers and lawns and vegetables it made one think the  north residents were being favored.  Later the whole district was piped and measuring boxes were  installed to give each grower a measured flow- In 1919 the Little  Dam was enlarged and a new dam built. After the Second War  a new system of irrigation was started by the growers—sprinkling—  which gives a better irrigation and also conserves water, so, as far  as water is concerned, everyone is happy and the north and south  are finally reconciled. In 1958 a completely new piping system has  been installed.  Tribute must be paid to the late W. M. Armour who was elected  on the first committee and served faithfully and continuously until  his death in 1941.  In 1907 about 600 acres were surveyed into two, five and ten  acre lots. A sale of land was held and lots were bought by local  settlers and by absentee buyers from many of the provinces. The  land had to be cleared and broken, most of this being done by Harold  Endicott and John Niblock, who was a retired CPR official from  Calgary. Then the tree-planting became very active — peaches,  apricots, pears, cherries, plums and apples by the thousands, many  of them varieties unknown to us today. Nursery stock came from  the Grand Forks Nurseries.  In 1912 the first crops in small quantities were packed and  shipped, the fruit growers packing their own fruit and shipping, in  most cases, on consignment. However when trees produced larger  crops it was no longer possible for a grower to pack and sell all his  — 188 — Naramata in Retrospect  crop, and co-operative and independent packing houses were used.  By 1919 two small packing houses were operating, one by Wilston-  croft and Wells, the other by a Mr. Mallory. The first packer was  Lilly Mason, who packed on the wharf.  About this time a packing house on a large scale operated in  Summerland. This was known as the Okanagan United Growers  and was managed by Jack Lawler who came from Wenatchee. At  one time the Naramata Fruit Union, a subsidiary of the Summerland  Fruit Union, packed and shipped the bulk of the tonnage, the selling  agents being the O.U.G. with the head office at Vernon; this was  grower owned and controlled- However in 1922 severe losses were  sustained in the disposal of the crop and growers owed the selling  agents many hundreds of dollars. Nevertheless the fruit growers  who were members of the O.U.G. did not lose heart but formed  another company known as the Associated Growers of B.C. Ltd.  This company is owned and controlled by several co-operatives,  Naramata being a member.  During the years the co-operative prospered. Financing is done  by a five-year revolving fund which is collected by means of a  capital deduction of so many cents per box. The "OK" brand was  adopted by the chain and this brand is well-known all over the world.  Over the years independent packing houses were in operation, such  as the Naramata Fruit Company, E. Mallory and Okanagan Packers,  which are now in business.  A small portion of the crop is packed in Penticton but the bulk  of the crop is packed by the Naramata Co-op. From a very small  operation this house now handles up to 200,000 boxes of apples as  well as large tonnages of apricots, peaches, pears, cherries and plums.  Since 1939 the crops have been sold by B.C. Tree Fruits Ltd., a  grower-owned Organization which sells all tree fruits produced east  of Lytton.  Needless to state, packing methods in the early days were rather  haphazard compared with the present-day methods with modern  equipment. Packages have undergone several changes, some being  discarded entirely and others improved, the constant aim being to  provide a package capable of carrying fruit in a bruise-free and  acceptable condition to the ultimate consumer.  After considering the progress and affairs of the first generation of Naramatians we might take a quick look at the picture of  Naramata today- The fruit industry has changed into such a tightly-  controlled and specialized business as would not have been tolerated  by the first orchardists.    In the early days each man followed his  — 189 — Naramata in Retrospect  own conviction. He had not to bother about spraying; thinning  was sketchy, and he picked each variety just when he thought it  was ready, and hauled it down to the packing house himself. The  packing staffs had to cope with what was brought to them. Many  of the growers were completely independent, packing and marketing  their own fruit, putting out what to them was a good-looking package—good enough anyway. If the business was handed back to  them today we are sure that frustration and high blood pressure  would take them off immediately.  Socially there is as great a change. There is no longer the  old feeling of interdependence and responsibility for each other.  People can reside in Naramata and not be "of" it in the least—  practically an impossibility in the old days. Present-day entertainment is often miles away, with no fuss and bother to reach it.  There are a few of the first families or their descendents still  living in Naramata and speculating on what further changes may  come about in the next span of years, and looking, perhaps a little  wistfully, at Naramata in retrospect.  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS — Mrs. C. Aikins, Mr. F. Cross,  Mr. S. Dicken, Mr. R. Gammon, Mrs. J. Gawne, Mrs. Gwen Hayman,  Mr. T. Kenyon, Mr. and Mrs. H. Mitchell, Mrs. V. Morche, Mr.  and Mrs. A. Noyes, Mrs. Ruth Rounds, Mrs. V. Wilson, The Bugle  Press.  <{}P°~  — 190 MEMBERSHIP LIST  HONORARY LIFE MEMBERS  Bagnall, G. P.—3504 Barnard Avenue, Vernon  Collett, H. C. S.—Box 9, Okanagan Mission  Corbett, H. W.—Kaleden  Dewdney, Mrs. W. R.—273 Scott Avenue, Penticton  Goodfellow, Dr. J. C.—Box 187 Princeton  Marriage, F. T.—424 Park Avenue, Kelowna  Manery, S. R.—Cawston  Ormsby, Dr. Margaret—University of B.C., Vancouver  Weeks, Capt. J. B.—614 Martin Street, Penticton  HONORARY PATRON  Patten, Mrs. C. J.—Armstrong  MEMBERS  Adam, E. L.—1104 Kelview Street, Kelowna  Agnew, E.—126 Eckhardt Avenue, Penticton  Aitkens, O. St. P.—423 Christleton Avenue, Kelowna  Akrigg, Mrs. Philip—4633 W. 8th Avenue, Vancouver 8  Anderson, Mrs. J. A.—R.R. 1, Oliver  Anderson, Mrs. J. K.—286 Wade Avenue W., Penticton  Anderson, Dr. W. F.—2302 Abbott Street, Kelowna  Andrew, W. J.—2866 Bellevue W., Vancouver  Andrews, D.—1042 Ross Avenue, Penticton  Andrews, George—769 E. King Edward Avenue, Vancouver 10  Ansell, C. H.—2105, 28th Crescent, Vernon  Apsey, J. E.—Box 44, Okanagan Mission  Apsey, N. T.—R.R. 4, Kelowna  Argue, Mrs. G. M.—Box 8, Oliver  Armstrong, Mrs.  Gertrude—Cawston  Arnold, A. M.—R.R. 1, Winfield  Arnold, G. N.—R.R. 1, Winfield  Arnold, J. W.—R.R. 1, Winfield  Arnold, N. J.—R.R. 1, Winfield  Arnott, Mrs. W.—1110 Killarney Street, Penticton  Atkinson,  R.  N.—551   Conklin Avenue,  Penticton  Aylen, Mrs. Freda—545 Rosemead Avenue, Kelowna  Badgley, Mrs. L.—Okanagan Falls  * Bagnall, G. C—10,951 S. Hermosa Ave., Chicago 43, 111., U.S.A.  Bailey, E. C.—207 Conklin Avenue, Penticton  Baird, Robert—Enderby  Bakke, B.—2109 Pandosy Street, Kelowna  Ball, Mrs. A. H.—1804 43rd Avenue, Vernon  Barber, Frank—Box 363, Vernon  Barber, Ray—1969 Knox Crescent, Kelowna  Barlee, Mrs. E. D.—Okanagan Mission  Barnett, H. C.—3516 Lakeshore Road, Kelowna  Bartier, B. A.—R.R. 5, Kelowna  Bates, Mrs. P.—Osoyoos  Baverstock, W.—3003 21st Street, Vernon  Beairsto, H. K.—R.R. 4, Vernon  Bearcroft, E. S.—599 W. Eckhardt Avenue, Penticton  Beaven, Mrs. N. C—R.R. 2, Vernon  Becker, Eric—Osoyoos  Becker, John—5788 Woodsworth Street, Burnaby  Belli-Bivar, Mrs. Ethel—Box 45, Salmon Arm  Benmore, R. D. C—R.R. 4, Kelowna  Bennett, Mrs. C. G.—471 Winnipeg Street, Penticton  Bennett, Dr. J. S.—309 Poplar Street, Kelowna  Berard, Mrs. G. I.—825 Bernard Avenue, Kelowna  Berner, Mrs. A.—2500, 26th Street, Vernon  Bernau, H.—Okanagan Centre  — 191 — Membership List  Berry, Mrs. A. E.—3502 19th Street, Vernon  Berry, R. E.—1875 W. 15th Avenue, West Vancouver  Berry, Mrs. R. E.—Altamont Hospital, 1675 27th Ave. W., Vancouver  Beurich, W.—Osoyoos  Bingham, Mrs. Lucy—R.R. 1, West Summerland  Bingley, Mrs. A.—R.R. 2, Vernon  Bird, Clem—999 Burnaby Avenue, Penticton  Bird, Mrs. L.—Armstrong  Bissett, Ben—Box 435, Kelowna  Black, Dr. D. M.—3530 Lakeshore Road, Kelowna  Black, Fraser—374 Park Avenue, Kelowna  Boone, Harvey—R.R. 1, Oliver  Bowen-Colthurst, Capt. J.—3 Mill Road, Penticton  Boyd, M.—512 Boulevard N.W., Calgary, Alberta  Bradbeer, A. E.—678 Churchill Avenue, Penticton  Bristow, Mrs. C. A.—3004 18th Street, Vernon  Broadland, T. R.—Provincial Parks Branch, Victoria  Broderick, Mrs. G. P.—1825 Fairford Drive, Penticton  Brown, Mrs. A. E.—R.R. 1, Oliver  Brown, H. W.—Box 106, Sumerland  Brown, Mrs. L. E.—674 Burns Street, Penticton  Brown, R. W.—1832 Maple Street, Kelowna  Brummet, F. N.—R.R. 1, Kelowna  Bryant, George—850 Latimer Street, Penticton  Brydon, J. M.—1956 Pandosy Street, Kelowna  Bubar, Charles—Mara  Buck, Mrs. A. H.—1240 Forestbrook Drive, Penticton  Buckland, C. D.—R.R. 2, Kelowna  Buckland, D. S.—Okanagan Mission  Buckland, J. H.—445 Buckland Avenue, Kelowna  Buckley, R.—Rosemead Apts., Rosemead Avenue, Kelowna  Bull, Capt. C. R.—Okanagan Mission  Bull,  Frank—169  Grandview   Street,   Penticton  Bull, Mrs. May—169 Grandview Street, Penticton  Bull, Miss S.—Box 331, Oliver  Bullock, Mrs. M.—Box 215 Grand Central, Alberta  Burchard, C. R.—795 Birch Avenue, Kelowna  Burgess, Mrs. A. N.—540 Papineau Street, Penticton  Burgess, John—540 Papineau Street, Penticton  Burridge, S. W.—Box 394 Revelstoke  Burtch, Mrs. H. B.—1471 S. Highland Drive, Kelowna  Butler, L. G.—East Kelowna, Butler Road  Butticci, Mrs. Jack—2119 Pandosy Street, Kelowna  Bryon-Johnson, R. G.—R.R. 4, Vernon  Cail, Mrs. E. Sr.—Armstrong  Cail, Mrs. R.—2901 23rd Street, Vernon  Caldwell, David—763 Municipal Avenue, Penticton  Caley, Hugh—Box 520, Armstrong  Campbell, Mrs. D.—3204, 33rd Street, Vernon  Campbell, Mrs. Ida K.—3306, 25th Street, Vernon  * Campbell, Miss Muriel—437 St. Paul Street, Kamloops  Calter, Mrs. R.—Box 233, Armstrong  Cameron, G. D.—Box 86, Kelowna  Cameron, Mrs. G. D.—Box 86, Kelowna  Cameron, J. D.—343 Brunswick Street, Penticton  Campbell, J. F. I.—1947 Abbott Street, Kelowna  Carey, Mrs. G.—813 Winnipeg Street, Penticton  Carlson, Mrs. Phyllis—R.R. 2, Oliver  Carmichael, Donald—Nelson  Carney, T. J.—Box 222, R.R. 2, Kelowna  Carpenter, G. R.—2905, 31st Street, Vernon  Carruthers, W. R.—727 Elliot Avenue, Kelowna  Carter, C. J.—2600, 15th Street, Vernon  * Casorso, Anthony—Box 102, R.R. 4, Kelowna  — 192 — Membership List  Casorso, V. R.—Oliver  Caughlin, Nelson—McCuddy Street, Oliver  Cawston, A. H.—Cawston  Cawston, Mrs. Verna—2309 Trafalgar Street, Vancouver 8  Chambers, E. J.—Lower Bench, Penticton  Chapin, H. R.—Box 94, 274 Poplar Drive, Kelowna  Chase, W. W.—C.B.C.R. Fabrica De Cajas, Villa Neily, Costa Rica  Christensen, S. P.—2700 Barnard Avenue, Vernon  Christie, J. R.—Okanagan Falls  Christie, Mrs. J. R.—Okanagan Falls  Claridge, A. D.—R.R. 1, Oyama  Clarke, A.—2540 Wallace Crescent, Vancouver  Clarke, J. B. McM.—Keremeos  Cleland, E. H.—Box 154, Penticton  Clement, Mrs. C. G.—2276 Speer Street, Kelowna  * Clement, J. Percy—1332 Walnut Street, Victoria  Clements, W. E.—1880 Pandosy Street, Kelowna  Clemson, D.—Sorrento  Clough, Mrs. W. C.—Naramata  Coates, Mrs. Pat—Osoyoos  * Cochrane, H. E.—2006, 28th Crescent, Vernon  * Cochrane, Mrs. H. E.—2006, 28th Crescent, Vernon  Conroy, J. J.—2259 Aberdeen Street, Kelowna  Conroy, M. J.—R.R. 4, Vernon  Constable, F. C.—2267 Aberdeen Street, Kelowna  Cook, Mrs. M. H.—Box 411, Okanagan Falls  Cook, Mrs. N. E.—3122 Watt Road, Kelowna  Cooper, E. W. A.—897 Winnipeg Street, Penticton  Cooper, Mrs. P. G.—295 Wade Avenue, W., Penticton  Corbett, Mrs. F. H.—3113 Waverley Street, Vancouver 16  Corbishley, Don—R.R. 1, Oliver  Corner, R. W.—1650 Bernard Avenue, Kelowna  Cossentine, E. R— R.R.  1, Box 2178, Penticton  Costley, A. M— Middle Bench, R.R. 1, Penticton  Craster, R. G.—2200, 34th Street, Vernon  Crawford, J. D.—707 Creekside Road, Penticton  Croft, Mrs. J.—2745 Blackwood, Victoria  Crodker, Fred—Keremeos  Crozier, Mrs. Ivan—3902 - 29th Avenue, Vernon  Cunliffe, Mrs. Stan.—500 Van Home Street, Penticton  Currie, Mrs. G. N.—1788 Ethel Street, Kelowna  Curry, Mrs. Norma A.—Box 1598, Parry Sound, Ontario  Cuthbert, W. A.—Box 508, Armstrong  Dale, A. R. (Miss)—Box 273, West Summerland  Dalton, Mrs. Keith—1770 Abbott Street, Kelowna  Davidson, A. H.—Box 131, Westbank  Davis, Mrs. H.—526 Braid Street, Penticton  Davis, Miss M. E.—1052 Creekside Drive, Penticton  Davison, J.—Enderby  Dawe, Miss Helen—2226 York Avenue, Vancouver 9  Deering, A. J.—Falkland (R.R. 1)  DeHart, F. G.—2668 Abbott Street, Kelowna  DeHart, Norman—260 Lake Avenue, Kelowna  Deighton, L.—R.R. 1, Oliver  de Lautour, Mrs. Annie M.—R.R. 1, Oliver  DeMara, R. C.—1043 Harvey Avenue, Kelowna  Denison, Eric—1862  Maple Street, Kelowna  de Phyffer, Robert—2602 - 22nd Street, Vernon  Dendy, H. D.—R.R. 4, Kelowna  Deschamps, L. F.—3004 Barnard Avenue, Vernon  DesMazes, • Mrs. A.—Westbridge  Dewdney, Edgar—1428 Balfour Street, Penticton  Dickson, Mrs. D.—R.R., Summerland  Dillman, A.—R.R. 2, Kelowna  193 Membership List  Dixon, Earl—Armstrong  * Doe, Ernest—Box 35, Salmon Arm  Donald, J. F.—1401 Lambert Avenue, Kelowna  Dooley, L. R.—R.R. 1, Westbank  * Douglas, R. A. C.—16th Floor, 409 Granville Street, Vancouver  Doyle, Most Rev.. W. E.—813 Ward Street, Nelson  Duggan, D. E.—Oyama  Duggan, J. S.—Box 212, Kelowna  Dumont, Paul—Osoyoos  Duncan, Alfred—Osoyoos  Dunkley, M. J.—Armstrong-  Dunn, Mrs. M. C.—471 Winnipeg Street, Penticton  Durrant, Ivor—Box 211, Oliver  Eden, Mrs. F.—Box 1305, Campbell River  Edgar, Mrs. L. I.—101 Roy Avenue, Penticton  Elliot, George—Box 16, Oliver  Ellis, Miss Kathleen—268 Cambie Street, Penticton  Ellison, K.—Oyama  Emery, Mrs. Wm.—Box 64, Kelowna  Ennis, Blake—R.R. 2, Kelowna  Estabrooks, Otto L.—796 Martin Street, Penticton  Estabrooks, Mrs. R. H.—Box 584, Summerland  Evans, Mrs. R.—Penticton  Everitt, H. A.—Box 34, Penticton  Faulkner, R. E.—495 Tennis Street, Penticton  Fay, Steve—2457 Crescent Place, Penticton  * Fearnley, Mrs. A.—Box 133, Westbank  Fenwick-Wilson, Mrs. E.—Osoyoos  Fewell, Mrs. J.—R.R. 1, Westbank  Fillmore, D. C—1470 Water Street, Kelowna  * Finnerty, M. P.—798 Latimer Street, Penticton  Fisher, Mrs. D. V.—R.R. 1, Summerland  Fitzgerald, Mrs. G. D.—R.R. 3, Kelowna  * Fitzmaurice, Mrs. R.—R.R. 2, Vernon  Fleming, Rev. E. S.—R.R. 2, Kelowna  Foote, J. C.—Box 79, Okanagan Mission  Foote, R. J.—809 Bernard Avenue, Kelowna  Foreman, H. M.—873 Main Street, Penticton  Forster, Mrs. G.—R.R.  1, Summerland  Forsyth, D. J. Jr.—Box 713, Oliver  Forsyth, Mrs. Nancy—Box 722, Oliver  Francis, Blaine—Box 67, Oliver  Francis, D. E.—Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce, Keremeos  Fraser, Douglas—Osoyoos  Fraser, F. J.—Vancouver  Fraser, Major H. N.—1002 Forestbrook Drive, Penticton  Fraser, R. A.—722 Lawson Avenue, Kelowna  French, Mrs= Geo.—Oliver  Fuhr, Leo—R.R. 4, Vernon  Gabelman, Carl—Osoyoos  Gamble, Mrs. L. J.—Armstrong  Gamman, R. E.—Naramata  Garbutt, Mrs. D.—R.R. 1, Duncan  Garven. Mrs. I.—3605, 16th Street, Vernon  Gawne, Mrs. J.—Naramata  * Gayton, A. R.—Summerland  Gayton, Mrs. C. A.—Box 151, Summerland  Geddes, H. M.—Lakeside Road, Penticton  Geen, P. A.—R.R. 5, Kelowna  Gellatly, Mrs. D.—Box 77, Westbank  Gemmell, Mrs. W.—Cawston  Gibbard, L. A.—Naramata  Gibbard, R.—R.R. 1, Box 2178, Penticton  Gibson, Ernest—General Delivery, Grimsby, Ontario  — 194 — - •  Membership List  Gibson, S. A.—383 Scott Avenue, Penticton  Gillis, Mrs. M.—R.R. 1, Falkland  Gilroy, A. J.—1861 Carruthers Street, Kelowna  Gladman, Mrs. G. G.—441 Desnoyer Street, St. Paul, Minn., U.S.A.  Godwin, E. H—4594 - W. 15th Avenue, Vancouver 8  Godwin, W. L.—380 Wade Avenue E., Penticton  Goldie, James—Okanagan Centre  Gorman, Mrs. H.—3503 Barnard' Avenue, Vernon  Graham, D. F. S.—Oyama  * Graham, G. G.—Osoyoos  Graham, J. S.—Oyama  Gray, A. W.—Box 274, Rutland  Gray, Mrs. A. W.—Box 274, Rutland  Greening, Bennett—R.R. 4, Kelowna  Greening, Mrs. Bennett—R.R. 4, Kelowna  Greenwood, I. F.—1397 Dilworth Crescent, Kelowna  Gregory, Mrs. H. W.—R.R., Armstrong  Gregory, V. R.—R.R. 2, Oliver  Greig, Mrs. J. A.—2100 - 33rd Street, Vernon  Greyell, C.—226 Windsor Avenue, Penticton  Griffin, Mrs. J.—2810, 40th Street, Vernon  Griffiths, H. T.-^180 Eastcot Road, West Vancouver  Guidi, Rudolph—Box 369, Oliver  Hack, Mrs. F. W. Sr.—R.R. 1, Oliver  Hadley, R. H—R.R. 1, Westbank  Hall,  Miss  Ethel—Sacramento, California,   U.S.A.  * Hall, John—R.R. 1, Half-Moon Bay  Hall, R. H.—Okanagan Mission  Hall, R. O.—Box 80, Okanagan Falls  Hallam, Mrs. E.—Falkland  Hallett, L.—1033 S.E. Terrace, Roseberg, Oregon  Hamilton, W. D.—R.R. 4, Vernon  Harper, H. I.—R.R. 3, Salmon Arm  Harper, Mrs. W.—7312 Roseberry Avenue,  Huntington Park, California, U.S.A.  Harris, F. R.—2801 - 23rd Street, Vernon  Harris, J. G.—Box 2136, R.R. 1, Penticton  Harwood, F. V.—3102, 41st Avenue, Vernon  Hassen, Mat.—Armstrong  Hatfield, H. R.—687 Vancouver Avenue, Penticton  Haug, G. W.—599 Poplar Point, Kelowna  Haug, H. R.—1746 Water Street, Kelowna  Haugen, Dr. R.—Armstrong  Hawes, Charles—Armstrong  Hayes, George—1019 Joan  Crescent, Kelowna  Hayes, Mrs. Harry—R.R. 3, Armstrong  Hayes, Mrs. W.—Mohella Cottage, St. Mawes, Cornwall, England  Hayhurst, Mrs. G. A.—Armstrong  Hayman, L. A.—3556 Point Grey Road, Vancouver 8  Haynes, B. H.—116 Lynden Avenue, Victoria  Hayward, Mrs. Frank—R.R. 1, Ganges  Hayward, W.—3108,,, 24th Street, Vernon  Hemphill, W.  M.—Seattle, Washington, U.S.A.  Henderson, Dr. H   R.—847 DeHart Avenue, Kelowna  Hewer, E. E.—2744 Sunset Drive, Kamloops  Herbert, G. D.—1684 Ethel Street, Kelowna  Hitchman, Robert—611. 13th Avenue E., Seattle 2, Wash., U.S.A.  Hocking, Dr. H. J.—1427 West Cherry Crescent, Kelowna  Holden, C. W.—210 Norton  Street, Penticton  Holland, Mrs. G. A.—2425 Abbott Street, Kelowna  Hook, A.—Box 38, Oliver  Hope, H.—Armstrong  Hopkins, Mrs. J. L.—Armstrong  Howard, Mrs. Arthur—R.R. 2, Armstrong  — 195 — Membership List  Howard,  C.  S.—Box 345,  Oliver  Howrie,  David—2507,  37th.   Avenue,  Vernon  Hoy,  Ben—1902   Pandosy   Street,   Kelowna  * Hugh,  Fabian—Cloverdale  Hulton, Mrs. H. J. Sr.—Osoyoos  Hunter, E.  B.—Airport  Road,  Vernon  Hunter, Floyd—Wilson Avenue, Armstrong  Hunter, I. A.—Box 39, Oliver  Hunter, J. A.—Box 731, Oliver  Hunter, Mrs. Margaret—Oliver  Husband, C. W.—R.R. 2, Vernon  Innis, Mrs. W.—Keremeos  Irwin, Mrs. Ronald—R.R. 4, Kelowna  Iverson, Robert—Oliver  Jack, Mrs. C. H.—2150 Haultain Street, Victoria  Jackson, Oliver—Box 64A, R.R. 3, Kelowna  Jacobson, Miss Dorothy—1895 Pandosy Street, Kelowna  James, F. V.—R.R. 2, Kelowna  Jamieson, J. E.—Box 130, Armstrong  Janke, William—R.R. 3, Vernon  Jennens, B.—R.R. 1, Westbank  Jessop, M. N.—558 Roanoke Avenue, Kelowna  Johns, Miss N. E.—R.R. 4, Kelowna  Johnston, H. Wilson—Box 285, Oliver  Johnson, J. A.—R.R. 1, Kelowna  Johnston, B. W.—446 Bernard Avenue, Kelowna  Johnston, Mrs. L. T.—Box 1466, Camrose, Alberta  Jones, F. J.—R.R. 1, Westbank  Josephy, Alvin Jr.—551 Fifth Avenue, New York 17, New York  Joyner, Mrs. Loretta—Osoyoos  June, W. O.—Naramata  Kabella, Mrs. S.—R.R. 4, Kelowna  Kappel, E. S.—1261 Burnaby Street, Vancouver 5  Kawano, Mrs. M.—Okanagan Centre  Keating, H. K.—Lakeshore Road, R.R. 4, Kelowna  Keller, P.—R.R. 1, Oliver  Kelley, C. C.—1563 Lakeview Street, Kelowna  Kerr, Mrs. D. J.—363 Burne Avenue, Kelowna  Kerry, L. L.—2188 Abbott Street, Kelowna  Kidston, J. R.—3900 Pleasant Valley Road, Vernon  King, Grant—476 Lakeshore Drive, Penticton  Kinloch, Col. D. F. B.—"Gourdie", R.R. 2, Vernon  Kinnard, Mrs. K. W.—2002 Schubert Avenue, Vernon  Knowles, C. W.—2641 Abbott Street, Kelowna  Knox, R. D.—266 Bernard Avenue, Kelowna  Knox, Dr. W. J.—1855 Pandosy Street, Kelowna  Krarnstrom, Mrs. O.—Montreal, P.Q.  Lamont, Mrs. Gwen—R.R. 4, Kelowna  Lander, Fred—Box 68, Okanagan Falls  Landon, G. K.—Armstrong  Lane, Jack—1867 Princess Street, Kelowna  Lang, W. D.—Cawston  Langridge, J. T.—1051 Fairview Road, Penticton  Lansdowne, Alan—1743 Richter Street, Kelowna  Lantz, L. A.—3403 - 27th Street, Vernon  Large, Mrs. R. W.^108-28th Avenue, Vernon  Larue, Charles—448 Elm Street, Penticton  Leathley, L. N.—1927 Knox Crescent, Kelowna  * Lee, Howe Y.—5020 Venables Street, Vancouver  Legg, Mrs. P. G.—Box 751, Vernon  Leighton, C—R.R. 2, Oliver  Leir, John—519 Hastings Street, Penticton  Leslie, Mrs. L. T.—Hedley  Liddicoat, Mrs. A. M.—North Surrey  — 196 — Membership List  Lincoln, Maurice—3332 Barnard Avenue, Vernon  Lindsay, Mrs. J.—Park Drive, Oliver  Lloyd-Jones, Mrs. W.—530 Buckland Avenue, Kelowna  Logan, H.—Princeton  Lomon, Hunt—R.R. 1, Osoyoos  Lowle, F. F. W.—Suite 1, 135 Orchard Avenue, Penticton  Loyd, A. K.—381 Glen wood Avenue, Kelowna  Lyon, Mrs. R.—Box 8, Penticton  Mack, W.—2255 Aberdeen Street, Kelowna  Mackie, Mrs. W.—2803 - 27th Avenue, Vernon  * Macorquodale, Mrs. D. F.—Box 77, Georgetown, British Guiana  Maddocks, Robert—Box 430, Castlegar  Main, R.—Oyama  Mallam, P. S.—R.R. 4, Kelowna  Manning, Miss Ruth—768 Wardlaw Avenue, Kelowna  Marga, Miss Barbara G.—Box 190, Kelowna  Marett, Mrs. J.—Vancouver  Marshall, F. L.—1656 Knox Mountain Road, Kelowna  Martin, W. A.—3305 - 20th Street, Vernon  Marty, J. E.—Box 102, Midway  Massy, G. E.—81 High Street, Victoria  Megaw, W. E.—2401 Schubert Avenue, Vernon  Menzies, Mrs. Marion—815 - 63rd Avenue West, Vancouver  Middleton, Mrs. M.—Old Kelowna Road, R.R. 2, Vernon  Middleton, W. A.—R.R. 2, Vernon  Midgley, T.—Box 2151, R.R. 1, Penticton  Miles, F. A.—3301 - 35th Avenue, Vernon  Millar, Albert—R.R., Oliver  Miller, Rev. A. E.—1330 Church Street, Penticton  Mitchell, J. H.—R.R. 1, Oliver  Mitchell, W. A.—3174 Walnut Road, Kelowna  Mohr, J. W.—3202 Pleasant Valley Road, Vernon  Mohr, Mrs. M.—2506 - 36th Avenue, Vernon  Molyneux, W.—R.R. 1, Naramata  Monford, Mrs. George—Box 348, Rutland  Monteith, J. D.—486 Cadder Avenue, Kelowna  Moore, Eric—501 Municipal Avenue, Penticton  Morgan, F. J.—818 Main Street, Penticton  Morgan, H. G.—Box 190, Kelowna  Morley, H.. B. (Mrs.)—Lakeshore Manor, Penticton  Morrison, Fred—Winnipeg, Manitoba  Morrison, J. G.—R.R. 5, Kelowna  Munro, Finlay—1701 Fairford Drive, Penticton  Murray, F. J.—Salmon Arm  Murray, Gordon—Armstrong  McAllan, Mrs. J. M.—540 Bay Avenue, Kelowna  McAstocker, Miss M.—45 Edna Avenue, Penticton  McClelland, J. B.—3162 Watt Road, Kelowna  McClure, H. R.—R.R. 4, Kelowna  McCulloch, Mrs. Ellen—1939 Abbott Street, Kelowna  McCulloch, G. M.—Box 445, Rutland  McCulloch, Mrs. V.—1500-39th Avenue, Vernon  McDiarmid, Mrs. A.—Princeton  McDonald, A. F.—R.R. 1, Oliver  McDonald, Mrs. C. F.—R.R. 1, Oliver  McDonald, F. O.—168 Naramata Road, Penticton  McDougall, R. J.—1245 West 14th Avenue, Vancouver 9  McFarlane, Oliver—R.R. 4, Kelowna  MacGibbon, A.—R.R. 1, Oliver  McGie, W. R.—Armstrong  MacGillivray, William—Castlegar  McGinnis, D. W.—Box 1076, Fort St. John  McGregor, D. A.—983 Grand Boulevard, North Vancouver  — 197 Membership List  McGuire, Major M. V.—R.R. 2, Vernon  Macintosh, Mrs. R. H—R.R. 1, Oliver  McKechnie, John, R.R.3, Armstrong  McKenzie, D. O.—Suite 7, 545 Rosemead, Kelowna  McLachlan, A.—Summerland  MacLean, R. P.—C/o Daily Courier, Kelowna  McLennan, Mrs. E.—Box 158, Oliver  McNaughton, Mrs. F. C.—R.R. 2, Oliver  MacNeill, H. C.—Peachland  McRae, R.—Hedley  Naylor, Miss E.—1170 Fort St., Victoria  Neave, J. L.—Box 186, Kelowna  Neave, Mrs. M. C—Box 224, R.R. 2, Kelowna  Neid, J. J.—East Kelowna  Neid, L. H.—R.R. 3, Kelowna  Neil, Robert R.—R.R. 4, Vernon  Nelmes, Owen—2644 Gore Avenue, Kelowna  Netherton, Dr. F. J.—437 Martin Street, Penticton  Neuman, Mrs. A.—Osoyoos  Newton, Mrs. L. V.—120 Cambie Street, Penticton  Niblock, Mrs. J. T.—R.R. 1, Summerland  Nivens, Arthur—3502-31st Street, Vernon  Norris, Hon. Justice T. G.—Law Courts, Vancouver  Nuttall, Mrs. W.—Naramata  Ogilvie, H.—Okanagan Centre  Okanagan Turbo Sprayers—Penticton  Oliver, W. J.—3112-21st Avenue, Vernon  Orr, Mrs. D.—R.R. 1, Summerland  Osborn, C. D.—R.R. 2, Vernon  Painter, A. F.—Okanagan Mission  Parsons, Mrs. Alberta—R.R. 1, Keremeos  Parsons, Miss Laura Lou—R.R. 1, Keremeos  Parsons, M. J.—R.R. 4, Vernon  Partridge, Mrs. L.—Okanagan Mission  Paterson, R. M.—6162 Granville Street, Vancouver  Patten, Mrs. C. J.—Armstrong  Patten, L. W.—2802 - 26th Street, Vernon  Patterson, Mrs. A. L.—445 Buckland Avenue, Kelowna  Paynter, E. C—Box 9, Westbank  Pearson, Mrs. Olive AL—Alberta Lodge, 464 Ellis Street, Penticton  Perron, Miss G. M.—629 Birch Avenue, Kelowna  Perry, C. D.—1364 Cherry Crescent, Kelowna  Petch, Bruce A.-—930 Leon Avenue, Kelowna  Peterman, A. N.—Box 193, Oliver  Petley, Jack—714 Argyle Street, Penticton  Pettigrew, J. D.—1961 Abbott Street, Kelowna  Phillips, S. H.—Box 610, Oliver  Phillips, W. M.—2602 - 24th Avenue, Vernon  Philpott, Gordon—1211 Ethel Street, Kelowna  Pickering, Roy—211 Norton Street, Penticton  Piddocke, J. L.—R.R. 2, Anderson Road, Kelowna  Pollock, George—R.R. 1, Osoyoos  Poole, Col. E— R.R. 2, Vernon  Pooley, N. R. C.—Box 33. Fast Kelowna  Porteous, Major H. A.—Oliver  Porteous, Mrs. H. A.—R.R. 1, Oliver  Postill, Miss Edith A.—3304 - 15th Street SW, Calgary, Alberta  Potter, H.—446 Pendlebury Road, Richmond  Pound, Rev. Allan C.—1343 Haywood Avenue, West Vancouver  Power, Clarence—669 Martin Street, Penticton  Powley,  H. M.—1905  Carruthers  Street,  Kelowna  Powley,  W.   R.—R.  R.   1, Winfield  — 198 — Membership List  Price,  E.  F.—2804,  35th.  Street,  Vernon  Price, H. A.—2231, West 49th. Avenue, Vancouver  13  Price,   Stanley—R.   R.   3,   Armstrong  Proudfoot,  Mrs.  J.—R.  R. 3,  Kelowna  Prout, Mrs. J. W.—3914, 32nd.  Street, Vernon  Quigley,   W.  D.—R.  R.   5,  Kelowna  Radin,  Mrs.   O.—R.  R. 4,  Kelowna  Randall,   R.—5073  Cordova  Bay   Road,   Victoria  Redstone,   C.   T.—Peachland  Reicke, Mrs. Ethel—Okanagan Falls  Reich, Mrs. K.—R. R. 3, Kelowna  Reid,  Miss   E.—614  Martin   Street,   Penticton  Reid,   Mrs.   Gladys—1807   Marshall   Street,   Kelowna  Reid, George—R. R. 3, Kelowna  Reid, Mrs. W. H—Dehart Road, R. R. 4, Kelowna  Renwick, H. A.—1445 Marpole Avenue, Vancouver 9  Ribelin, W. A.—274 Bernard Avenue, Kelowna  Rice, Miss Wendy—Box 582, Oliver  Richard, D.—Box 254, R.R. 1, Penticton  Riley, D.—1281 Lawrence Avenue, Kelowna  Ripley, A. C—Oliver  Ritch, J.—962 Laurier Avenue, Kelowna  Ritchie, Peter—1468 Dillon Street, Kelowna  Roadhouse, W. A.—1347 Balfour Street, Penticton  Roadhouse, W. T. L.—3142 Watt Road, Kelowna  Robb, Mrs. N.—Princeton  Robey, R.—1805 - 39th Avenue, Vernon  Robinson, A. H.—1606 - 34th Avenue SW, Calgary, Alberta  Rorke, H. O.—624 Young Street, Penticton  Ross, D. H.—2103 - 25th Avenue, Vernon  Ross, H.—Box 292, Oliver  Rossiter, Mrs. A. E.—R.R. 2, Oliver  Ruhmann, William—371 Irving Street, Coquille, Oregon, U.S.A.  Rutherford, Mrs. R. G.—1061 Bowes Street, Kelowna  Ryan, Mrs. E.—Old Chelsea, P.Q.  Schug, Mr.—Keremeos  Seon, G. E.—Hornby Island  Seon, Mrs. G. E.—Hornby Island  * Seath, R. W.—1934 McDougall Street, Kelowna  Seaton, J. E.—R.R. 1, Winfield  Serra, J.—Armstrong  Serra, Mrs. Nancy—Armstrong  Seymour, S. P.—3111 Barnard Avenue, Vernon  * Sexsmith, Mrs. D.—880 Manhattan Drive, Kelowna  Shannon, Mrs. E.—Oliver  Shaw, J. D.—Box 2291, R.R. 1, Penticton  Shaw, Mrs. Vera—R.R. 3, Armstrong  Sherlock, E. T.—R.R. 4, Kelowna  Shiers, Dr. J. A.--L593 Lakeside Drive, R.R. 2, Penticton  Shuttleworth, Miss L.—Box 34, Okanagan Falls  Simkins, C. E.—R.R. 4, Kelowna  Simmons, Mrs. M.—R.R. 2, Oliver  Simms, Mrs. J. G.—3303 - 26th Street, Vernon  Simpson, D. P.—Box 321, Osoyoos  Simpson, Miss M. R.—440 Morning Canyon Road,  Corona Del Mar, California, U.S.A.  Simpson, N. V.—R.R. 1, Oliver  Simpson, Mrs. S. M.—2120 Abbott Street, Kelowna  Sismey, E.  D.—1348 Government Street, Penticton  Sismey, Mrs.—Victoria  Smith, Mrs. R. A.—2507 - 35th Avenue, Vernon  Sladen, C. E.—1641 Ethel Street, Kelowna  — 199 — Membership List  * Smith, Mrs. A. J.—1764 Oak Bay Avenue, Victoria  Smith, Mrs. C. L.—1499 - 6th Avenue,  Prince George  Smith, Gordon V.—1827 Marshall Street, Kelowna  Smith, J. Bruce—Okanagan Mission  Smith, R. W.—Osoyoos  Solly, I. H.—C/o Bank of Montreal, Esquimalt  Sommerville, D.—Oliver  Spall, Mrs. A. E.—South Burnaby  Sparke, R.—Box 2198, Penticton  Spear, W.—825 Bernard Avenue, Kelowna  Spence, Mrs. S.—Cawston  * Splawn, H. B.—101 Observation Drive, Yakima, Washington, U.S.A.  Sproule, N. W.—R.R. 1, Oyama  Stafford, Mrs. H.—Westbank  Stephen, M. R.—Oyama  Stephens, L. R.—1485 Water Street, Kelowna  Stiles, E. M.—755 Ross Avenue, Penticton  Stocks, A. M. B— R.R. 1, Penticton  Stodola, S.—Osoyoos  Stowell, J. A.—Oliver  Strong, D.—Cawston  Stuart, C. E.—Hewlett Road, R.R. 3, Kelowna  Stubbs, A. H.—Okanagan Mission  Stubbs, R. A.—2802-24th  Street, Vernon  Suggitt, L. G.—634 Latimer Street, Penticton  Surtees, Mrs. J.—Box 21, Okanagan Mission  Sutherland, D. J.—C/o B.C. Tree Fruits Ltd., Kelowna  Sutherland, J. J.—Box 426, Enderby  Suttie, Mrs. Margaret—Box 517, Oliver  Swales, Mrs. J.—Kaleden  Swift, A. A.—281 Haynes Street, Penticton  Tait, Miss Doreen—R.R. 1, Summerland  Tait, E.—West Summerland  Tailor, J. H.—Keremeos  Taylor, C. H.—R.R. 3, Kelowna  Taylor, C. N.—R.R. 3, Kelowna  Taylor, I. M. C.—1589 Weston Crescent, Vancouver 8  The  Booknook—Penticton  Thorn, R. J.—Box 472, Oliver  Thompson, Mrs. A. M.—Cawston  Thorburn, H. J.—R.R. 3, Vernon  Thornloe, F.—East Kelowna  Timberlake, Mrs. F.—Armstrong  Titchmarsh, Capt. E. A.—250 Farrell Street, Penticton  Todd, J. R.—1021 N.E. 73rd., Seattle, Washington, U.S.A.  Tomlin,  E.  V.—R.R.   1,  Oliver  Tracey, Mrs. Carol—1261 Pheasant Street, Kelowna  Trautman, Mrs. C.—1163 Kilwinning Street, Penticton  Truswell, H. A.—Box 272, Kelowna  Tucker, W. D.—Box 525, Kelowna  Turnbull, Mrs. A. D.—18 Ritchie Avenue, Trail  Turner, Cecil—General Delivery, Penticton  Turner, R.G.—Box 1305, Rossland  Turner, Rev. R. K—1020 Argyle Street, Penticton  Tutt, Mrs. D.—Box 184, R.R.  1, Kelowna  Underhill, Dr. A. S.—1635 Abbott Street, Kelowna  Upton, Mrs. T. B.—Box 1, Okanagan Mission  Van Ackeren, H. J.—1220 Kelglen Crescent, Kelowna  Van Blaricom, E. W.—409 Cedar Avenue, Kelowna  Vernon, N.—181 Calgary Avenue, Penticton  Viel, Mrs. K. M.—R.R. 4, Vernon  Vosburgh,  Dr.  J.  W.—Box 488,  Sechelt  — 200 — Membership List  Wachnicki, H.—Winfield  * Wainwright, A. S.—Cawston  Walburn, H. G.—Box 55, Okanagan Centre  Wakley, S. M.—3494 St. George Street, North Vancouver  Walker, Mrs. W. D.—Box 1, Okanagan Mission  Walker, W. E.—424 Orchard Avenue, Penticton  Walrod, C. R.—1644 Richter Street, Kelowna  Walrod, R. P.—2021 Abbott Street, Kelowna  Walters, Mrs. R.—Keremeos  Ward, Arthur—R.R. 3, Kelowna  Ward, Miss E. A.—905 Chilco Street, Vancouver 5  Ward, H.—R.R. 3, Kelowna  Warner, Miss Alice—4201 Pleasant Valley Road, Vernon  Warren, Mrs. A. M.—854 Main Street, Penticton  Waterman, Miss D.—Osoyoos  Waterman, F.—R.R. 1, Westbank  Waterman, Mrs. Mabel C.—Princeton  Watmough, Mrs. C.—Ganges  Weatherill, H. P.—2133 West 57th Avenue, Vancouver 13  Webb, H. V.—248 Bernard Avenue, Kelowna  Webb, Mrs. R. J.—Harrow by Invergowrie, Dundee, Scotland  Webber, Mrs. M.—4228 West 15th Avenue, Vancouver 8  Webster, Mrs. Angie—402 Orchard Avenue, Penticton  Weddell, A. A.—290 Royal Avenue, Kelowna  Weddell, Mrs. M.—Box 120, Rutland  Weeks, E.—Box 393, Kelowna  Weeks, G. A.—Box 637, Revelstoke  Weeks, L. J.—3211 Kitchener Street, Vancouver  Weeks, T.—Sunnybrook, Alberta  Welch, Miss N.—1489 St. Paul Street, Kelowna  Welker, J. H.—R.R. 3, Vernon  Whillis, R.—1749 Abbott Street, Kelowna  Whitaker, Mrs.  H.  C.—R.R.  1,  Summerland  White, A. L.—Box 258, Oliver  * White, Ronald—107 Battle Street, Kamloops  White, Dr. W. H.—702 Winnipeg Street, Penticton  Whitehead, W. J.—1281 Lawrence Avenue,  Kelowna  Whyte, Bryson—2300, 23rd Avenue, Vernon  Whitham, J. D.—R.R. 4, Kelowna  Whitham, J. G.—211 Kootenay Avenue, Trail  Willett, Mrs. A. F.—R.R. 4, Kelowna  Williams, Mrs. B. E.—Victoria  Willis, Mrs. H.—1190 Lawson Avenue, West Vancouver  Willis, Mrs. G.—Keremeos  Willis, R. S.—R.R. 4, Kelowna  Willits, Mrs. E. C—1716 Pandosy Street, Kelowna  Wilson, Mrs. F. B.—Osoyoos  Wilson, G. E.—Ayr, Ontario  * Wilson, Jack—Tappen  Wilson, J. V. H.—Naramata  Wilson, S.—R.R. 2, Oliver  Wind, Mrs. B.—Box 794, Oliver  Winkles, W.A.—Chilliwack  Winkles, Mrs. W. H.—Armstrong  Witt, J. A.—2031 Long Street, Kelowna  Wood, A.—3502 Barnard Avenue, Vernon  Wood, E. O.—463 Bernard Avenue, Kelowna  Woodd, Mrs. A. B.—Belvedere Apts., Kelowna  Woodd, H. S.—2914 West 29th Avenue, Vancouver  Woodley, Dr. W. R.—Box 129, Vernon  Woods, J. J.—703 Ardmore Drive, R. R. 1, Sidney  Woolliams, G. E.—Box 1738, Summerland  Worth, Mrs. Grace—4917 - 27th Street, Vernon  — 201 — Membership List  Wostradowski, Mrs. A. M.—Box 154, Rutland  Wright, Dick—1395 West 13th Avenue, Vancouver  Wright, H. R.—R.R. 1, Oliver  Young, Mrs. B. F.—R.R. 3, Armstrong  Young, R.—Oyama  Zoellner, Mrs. W. J.—Box 55, Grand Forks  ORGANIZATIONS,   SCHOOLS,  LIBRARIES,  COLLEGES,   ETC.  B.C. Folklore Research—1010 WlOth Avenue, Vancouver 9  B.C. Tree Fruits Ltd.—1493 Water Street, Kelowna  Boundary Historical Society—Grand Forks  Calgary Public Library—Calgary, Alberta  Board of Museum and Archives—Vernon  Department of Northern Affairs & Natural Resources—Ottawa, Ont.  Department of Recreation & Conservation—Victoria  Dora Hood's Book Room Limited—34 Ross Street, Toronto 2B, Ont.  Fraser Valley Regional Library—Abbotsford  Glenbow Foundation—902, 11th Avenue, S.W., Calgary, Alberta  Gonzaga University—E.502 Boon Avenue, Spokane, Washington, U.S.  Hargreaves Library, Eastern Washington State College, Cheney, Wash.  Historical Society of Montana—Helena, Montana, U.S.A.  Kamloops Museum Association—Box 337,  Kamloops  Kelowna Chamber of Commerce—Box 398, Kelowna  Laurel Co-Operative Union—1307 Ellis Street, Kelowna  Library of Congress—Washington 25, D.C.  Municipality of Spallumcheen—Armstrong  New York Public Library—5th Ave. & 42nd St., New York, N.Y.  Parliamentary Librarian, Library of Parliament—Ottawa, Ontario  Public Archives of Canada, National Library, Ottawa, Ontario  The Newberry Library—Chicago  10, Illinois, U.S.A.  Northwest Digest Ltd.—Quesnel  Okanagan Broadcasters Ltd.—Box 100, Kelowna  Provincial Archives—Victoria  Provincial Library—Victoria  Provincial Museum—Victoria  Public Library—Kansas City 6, Missouri, U.S.A.  Public Library—Prince George  The Royal Bank of Canada—Kelowna  Seattle  Public  Library—Seattle,  Washington,  U.S.A.  Seminary of Christ the King—Mission City  Spokane Public Library—South 10 Cedar St., Spokane, 4, Washington  State College of Washington Library—Pulman, Washington, U.S.A.  State Historical Society of Wisconsin—Madison 6, Wisconsin, U.S.A.  Tacoma Public Library—1102 S. Tacoma Avenue, Tacoma, Washington  Toronto Public Library—214 College Street, Toronto 2B, Ontario  Vancouver City Archives—City Hall, Vancouver  Vancouver Library Board—Vancouver  Victoria Public Library—Victoria  Beairsto Elementary School—Vernon  Carmi Avenue School—Penticton  Clarence Fulton Senior Secondary School—Vernon  Dr. Knox Secondary School—Kelowna  McNicoll Park School—Penticton  St. George's School—3954 W.29th Avenue, Vancouver  W. L. Seaton Junior Secondary School—Vernon  Junior-Senior Secondary School—Armstrong  Lumby Elementary School—Lumby  Osoyoos School—Osoyoos  Princess Margaret School—Penticton  Senior Secondary School—Penticton  School District No. 16—Keremeos  School District No. 77—Summerland  — 202 — Membership List  School District No. 78—Enderby  South Okanagan Secondary School—Oliver  Summerland Secondary  School—Summerland  Indiana University—Bloomington, Indiana, U.S.A.  McGill University Library—Montreal  Simon Fraser University Library—Burnaby 2  University of British Columbia Library—Vancouver  University of Toronto Library—Toronto 5,  Ontario  University of Victoria—Victoria  University of Washington—Seattle  98105, Washington,  U.S.A.  University of Windsor—Windsor, Ontario  * Indicates prepaid membership.  Addresses given are B.C. unless otherwise noted.  — 203 —    - ORDER FORM -  Membership Fee $2.50 per year, including the Annual Report.  Send orders to the Treasurer:  MRS. HAROLD COCHRANE  2006   -   28th Crescent  VERNON, B.C.  fj Please send me Report No. 30 for 1966.  fj Please invoice me.  fj Please find payment enclosed.  'ñ° Please put me on your permanent mailing list.  fj Please send me back numbers    Send to :-  Name   Street   City    Back Numbers Available: 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 22, 23, 26, 27.  Re-prints of No. 6 Report which contains the majority of articles  from Reports 1-5 are also available.   r

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