Okanagan Historical Society Reports

The twenty-sixth report of the Okanagan Historical Society 1962 Okanagan Historical Society 1962

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Array  Date Dip f If-1  Psj  'Ģ:13   tl  &;&#.;^  3*/><f  R. N. (Reg) Atkinson Museum  785 MAIN STREET  PENTICTON. B.C.    V2A5E3  7 7A/j^  ?    O  _? 1 / o  m HIGH SCHOOL UW»» d  tent5  onlen  Title  Page     1  List of Illustrations     3  President's Foreword, Guy Bagnall    5  Heritage, Janet Anderson     6  Notice of Annual Meeting  7  Officers of Okanagan Historical Society  8  Branch Officers and Directors    9  Minutes of Annual Meeting    10  Land of Giants, Kate F. Crozier and Rev. J. R. Hague  17  The Late Sir Edward Oliver Wheeler, M.C  27  Okanagan Indian Sweat House    28  In Day Gone By, Henry Nicholson   29  Captain George Estabrooks     37  Lansdowne Hotel, James E. Jamieson  39  Lionel E. Taylor, 1880-1962    40  South Okanagan Pioneers' Reunion,  Kathleen  Stuart  Dewdney     41  Black Mountain Settlement, Arthur W. Gray  45  Early Pioneer Has Arm Amputated, James E. Jamieson  .. 53  Father Pat  54  A Tribute to Mrs. Annie Louise Knowles,  Gladys E. Herbert    55  Vernon United Church, Guy P. Bagnall  57  The Bassett Story, Ellen Arnott  72  The Rocky Mountain Rangers, Terence B. Upton  74  Kelowna Riding Club, Edith Weddell    87  St. James Anglican Church, Armstrong, B.C  92  Penticton Streets.. Ruth Schell  96  John Conroy, May M. Conroy   100  George Heggie, Hilda Cochrane   107  Land and Agriculture Co. of Canada, Hilda Cochrane .... Ill  282 Miles on a Bicycle, George M. Watt   112  How It Began, David Amor   122  Motoring to the Word Fair, 1915   125  Stenwyken, Hester White     130  Benvoulin United Church     132  Father Pandosy    141  the First Sawmill and First Gristmill, James E. Jamieson .. 157  Fruit Industry Before 1910, T. P. (Tom) Hill  146  Valley I Love, Janet Anderson  147  2 E. C. Weddell, Q.C  148  In Days Gone By, Judge T. H. Murphy  149  Lansdowne Cemetery    152  Bernard vs Bernard   154  Kalamazoo       159  In Loving Memory     160  Membership  List     165  +  oLidt ol ^rlludtrations  Armstrong, B.C..  1896    4  L & A Ranch    16  The Late Sir Eward Oliver Wheeler, M.C  27  Okanagan Indian Sweat House    28  Lionel E. Taylor , 1880-1962    40  Pioneer Room,   1912     42  Pioneer Garden Party     43  Pioneer Arrangement  Committee     44  Mr. and Mrs. John McClure   49  Prior Brown's First Home, 1893   51  Mrs. Annie Louise Knowles    56  Edward Best, Rev. A. A. Pound, P. S. Tennant  63  Reverend James Turner    66  Kelowna Riding Club Race     87  Local Riders, Guisachan Farm,  1905    88  Kelowna Riding Club Race  89  Race  Programme,   1906     90  Mr. and Mrs.  lohn Conroy    101  George   Heggie     104  Harvest Time, L & A Ranch   108  Motoring to the.World Fair, Fairview   126  Motoring to the World Fair, Penticton  127  Reverend and Mrs. P. F. Langell   133  Benvoulin  United  Church       135, 136  Captain Thomas Shorts    140  Father Pandosy's School   142  Father Pandosy's Chapel     144  E. C. Weddell, Q.C  148  Kalamazoo      159  3 Armstrong, 1896  4 ^Jhe /^resident   Wrih  —Xr ^jroreword  To be asked to write a foreword for a new issue of the Okanagan Historical Society's Report is an honor and privilege  when one can inscribe it with the ease and grace of the professional writer but to the layman, void of special training, it implies entry into a field of unfamiliarity — beset with unseen  perils.  Yet there is the desire to speak to all those hundreds of people who support our Society and make it tick, year after year,  like the human heart. For this support I say "Thank You".  Really the issue of a new O.H.S. Report is an event in these  parts and I trust in many other areas, some of which are remote  from the place of publication. The Report tells about the people  who have lived and toiled here, a people who have made a notable contribution to the rising culture of the Okanagan Valley.  It has been written by members of the Society who venerate the  pioneers for their excellencies of character, by which they have  been endeared to us, and which we will continue to emulate.  But the O.H.S. Report does more than say kind and appropriate words about the Old Timers, whose memory we honor and  respect in a fast moving progressive age. The kaleidoscope of  life is ever speeding up and the hot happenings of yesterday are  cold and faded by tomorrow; our Society tries to catch the  fleeting pictures of today and put them in permanent form of  posterity. It is for you our readers to say whether we are succeeding.  We are asked time and again is there no history of the  Okanagan in a single volume available to the public, the answer is an inevitable "No", no one has ever written such a history and I do not know of any organization contemplating such  a work; but of one thing I feel most confident, namely, that when  such a history comes to be written it will be, very largely, a  compilation of the articles which have appeared in our Reports.  To be associated with the radiant Society's membership  which serves   in any and every capacity without compensation of any kind fills me with an honest pride. I only wish I could introduce to you each of our capable officers and all of the large  company of members, which fill the roster of our five branches.  Our Editor, too, goes his uncharted course minus a pay-check  and does a job which brings him unstinted adulation.  We have not asked for nor have we ever received a government grant, municipal aid, nor have we any endowment fund  to ease the tensions of finance. In presenting Report Numbered  Twenty-six (at the old price) the Okanagan Historical Society  makes its bow with the sincere hope it may bring you pleasant  reading, not to be exhausted until you have read the last word  on the printed page.  GUY BAGNALL.  Jte  itc  rerilaae  Oh, stalwart souls! Oh, Viking breed  That blazed the fearsome trail!  The rainbow's end, a heart's desire,  They won through forest, flood and fire,  This land we proudly hail.  Their children sing; the echoes ring  Across one hundred years:  The mountain men, the river men,  The early pioneers!  They came; they stayed. Strong, undismayed  They held the torch on high:  The torch they threw, the dream come true,  Our sires from times gone by . . .  Then softly sing, remembering  The homes of long ago.  Stand! Let a prayer in silence said  Be requiem for the unknown dead;  And bugles blow!  Sweet be their rest  In the stoned West,  Shrine of their pilgrimage!  Their race is run;  The task well done;  Their pride, our heritage.  Janet Anderson, Penticton, 1962. l/otice of  ^Arnnuat    IVleetina  ^Jne  \Jkanaaan ^rristorical Societu  1963  Notice is hereby given that the Annual Meeting of the  Okanagan Historical Society will be held on  Wlondau,   rf/au  13tn,  1963  In Cawston at 2:30 p.m.  BUSINESS  Presentation of Reports  Election of Officers  The meeting will be followed by the Society's Annual Dinner KyllicerA and oDirectord  of the  y^Jkanaaan ^rristorical Societu  Honorary Patrons: His Honor The Lieutenant Governor of B.C.  Hon. George Randolph Pearkes, V.C., C.B., D.S.O., M.C.  The Honorable W. A. C. Bennett, Premier of British Columbia  Honorary Presidents: Dr. Margaret Ormsby, Mr. H. C. S. Collett  President: Mr. G. P. Bagnall  Vice - Presidents: Mr. H. Cochrane, Mr. Geo. Watt,  Mrs. E. J. Lacey  Secretary: Mrs. Vera E. Bennett  Treasurer: Mrs. H. Cochrane  Editor: Major H. A. Porteous  Auditor: Mr. T. R. Jenner  Directors  Armstrong - Enderby:  Mr.  Hugh  Caley  Vernon: Mr. F. Harwood, Mr. A E. Berry, Mr. J. D. Whitham  Kelowna: Mr. D. S. Buckland, Mr. G. D. Cameron  Penticton: Mr. H. A. Corbett, Capt. J. B. Weeks, Mrs. H. Whitaker  Oliver - Osoyoos: Mr. Ivan Hunter  Directors at Large  Dr. D. A. Ross, Mr. Ben Hoy, Mr. Victor Wilson  Editorial Committee  Mrs. M. Middleton, Mr. C. Wilde, Mr. N. R. C. Pooley, Mrs. D. Tutt,  Mr. Neil Hallisey, Mrs. Geo. French, Dr. Goodfellow, Mrs. W. R.  Dewdney, Mr. R. N. Atkinson, Mr. S. Manery, Mr. G. D. Cameron,  Mr. V. Simpson (J5ranch   Vylficers and cJDirector6  ARMSTRONG - ENDERBY:  President: Mr. James Jamieson  Vice - President: Mr. Hugh Caley  Sec. Treasurer: Mrs. W. G. Dodds  Editorial Committee: Mrs. W. H. Winkles  VERNON:  President: Mr. Arthur E. Spence  Vice - President: Mr. Chas. Wilde  Sec. Treasurer: Mr. R. G. Byron Johnson  Directors: Mr. J. B. Woods, Mrs. R. G. Craster, Mr. F. V. Harwood,  Mrs. I. Crozier, Mrs. G. P. Bagnall  Editorial Committee: Mrs. M. Middleton, Mrs. G. P. Bagnall  KELOWNA:  President: Mr. N. C. R. Pooley  Vice - President: Mr. D. S. Buckland  Secretary: Mrs. D. Tutt  Treasurer: Mr. J. J. Conroy  Directors: Mr. G. D. Cameron, Mrs. T. B. Upton, Mr. Wm. Spear,  Mr. Geo. Watt, Mr. Ben Hoy, Mr. Neil Hallisey  Editorial Chairman: Mr. T. B. Upton  PENTICTON  President: Mr. Victor Wilson  Vice - President: Mr. R. N. Atkinson  2nd. Vice - President: Mr. H. O. Rorke  Secretary: Mrs. W. R. Dewdney  Treasurer: Captain J. B. Weeks  Directors: Mrs. V. E. Bennett, Mrs. R. B. White, Mrs. A. M.  Warren, Mr. Eric Sismey, Mrs. H. Whitaker, Mrs. H. Davis,  Mrs. W. Nuttall, Mr. H. A. Corbitt, Mrs. R. B. White, Mrs.  A. Schell  OLIVER - OSOYOOS - OKANAGAN FALLS:  President: Mrs. Geo. French  Vice - President: Mr. Ivan Hunter  Sec. Treasurer: Mrs. E. J. Lacey  Directors: Mr. D. Corbishley, Oliver; Mr. V. Simpson, Oliver;  Miss D. Waterman, Osoyoos; Mr. Eric Becker, Osoyoos  9 •VlinuteS   of-  -Arnnuat    I/leetina,    iVlciu   14th,   1962  The Annual Meeting of The Okanagan Historical Society was held  on Monday, May 14th, 1962, in the Community Hall, Osoyoos. 31  members present.  The meeting was called to order by the President, Mr. F. O.  McDonald, at 2:30 p.m. Call to meeting read by the Secretary.  Members were welcomed to Osoyoos by Mr. Czarneske, of the  Village commissioners in the absense of Mr. Emery, Chairman, Mr.  Czarneske, on behalf of the commissicners expressed pleasure at  having the Society meet in Osoyoos, stating that everyone realized the  importance of the work accomplished by such an organization.  The President called for a minute silence in memory of members  and pioneers who had passed away during the year.  MINUTES  Mr. McDonald stated that Minutes of the last Annual Meeting had  been published in the Report, and asked if it be the pleasure of the  meeting to have them read. Moved by Mr. Spence "That Minutes be  accepted as read." Seconded by Mr. Whitham. Carried.  BUSINESS ARISING  Resolution re change in Constitution as published in the Report.  "That whereas the printing, illustrations and publishing costs of the  Report are steadily increasing, and, whereas the monies to meet these  costs must come from membership fees. Be it resolved, that, the present membership fee of §2.50 be increased to $3.00 so that the 'high  standard of the Report be maintained."  As, the discussion of this resolution would hinge on the financial position of the Society it was moved by Mr. Whitham "That consideration  of this resolution be delayed until after the reading of the financial  report. Seconded by Mr. Cameron. Carried.  CORRESPONDENCE  The secretary read a letter from Mr. Richter, Minister of Agriculture, expressing his regret that he would be unable to attend the meeting and dinner.  A letter from Mr. C. P. Lyons of the Parks Division, regarding  the proposed marker on the Boundary Une below the Lookout on Anarchist Mountain. It was decided that this matter should be pursued  further.  A letter from Mr. Ivan Hunter regarding greater circulation of  the Report. Several suggestions were made which will be considered at  a Directors meeting.  A letter from Mrs. Winkler of Armstrong containing the welcome  news that the Armstrong - Enderby Branch has been re-organized, and  giving a list of officers.  REPORTS  President's Report.  Mr. McDonald noted that it is, 37 years since the Okanagan Historical1 Society was inaugurated. Much has been accomplished but much  remains to be done, and it behoves all members to remember that  History is a declining asset and tends to fade or disappear with the  passing years. History is always in the making and we must be on  the alert to recognize and record accurately the passing events that  will be of importance, in say, 50 years time.  10 Executive meetings have been well atended and enthusiastic. The  following can be sited as accomplishments.  (1) A letter from Harry Corbitt suggested that the "Round" Baptist  Church at Peachland had been purchased by the Dept. of Highways  and so might be acquired for a nominal sum. This was followed up and  we now have assurance that, when vacated by the present occupants,  this building may be rented by the Society for a nominal sum, and, if  a curator could be found in Peachland, could be used as a Museum.  (2) The Armstrong - Enderby Branch has been re-activated and  due credit must be given Harold Cochrane for his efforts in this direction.  Looking to the future — A branch might be established in the  Cawston - Keremeos, Princeton area. It is stated in the Constitution of  the Society, "That the operations of the Society be carried on chiefly  in the Okanagan and Similkameen." There is much history to be recorded in the area.  The Executive might consider gift wrapping a certain number of  the Reports for Christmas sales. Mr. Ivan Hunter in his brief made  a point of this.  The idea of teaching Okanagan History in the schools is another  worthy suggestion. In view of the splendid response in the Essay Contest it would seem that our youth could become a great asset to the  Society.  Congratulations are in order to:  David Armor of Oliver, the winner of the Essay Contest.  To the Editor for the splendid Report he turned out.  To Mrs. Lacey for her research into the History of the Xn-  kameep Church.  To Harold Cochrane and his wife for their work on the Armstrong - Enderby Branch and to Mrs,. Cochrane especially for  managing the finances of the Society.  To Mrs. Vera Bennett, who has carried out her duties as  secretary in an efficient manner,  keeping the  minutes accurately and writing many letters in clear concise English.  To all contributors to the 25th Report.  To Harry Corbitt for his several1 donations to the Society, old  maps, pictures,, etc.  To all Directors for their continued interest and ever ready  help.  SECRETARY'S REPORT  In a brief report Mrs. Bennett stated that two meetings of Directors  and Editorial committee had been held with an average attendance of  20. At a meeting on September 12th, 1961, the main business considered was the printing of the 25th Report. The quotation of the Penticton  Herald being accepted. Correspondence read from Mr. C. P. Lyons  on the proposed marker on the Boundary Line at Osoyoos.  Another meeting held March 26th, 1962. Arrangements were made  for the Annual meeting. A report given on the Lansdowne Cemetery  project. On the undertaking of the Okanagan Historical Society to supervise the rehabilitation of the Cemetery a cheque was received from  the Government for the sum of $300.00. Moved by Mrs. Bennett—"That  this report be adopted. Seconded by Mrs. Cochrane. Carried.  EDITOR'S REPORT  Major Porteous thanked contributors to the 25th Report and stated  that he would wish to have the whole Okanagan evenly represented in  the Report, to attain this objective it is necessary to have articles in  early so that a selection may be made.  Acting on a suggestion from the Editorial committee the Editor  11 called a meeting of the Editorial committee to follow the present meeting. Mr. Bagnall stated that such a meeting is considered necessary to  draw up a definite set of sules to govern the Essay Contest, so creating  a greater uniformity of pattern.  The question was asked "What becomes of Essays?" The secretary  mentioned that in the original draft of rules governing essays it was  laid down that all essays become the property of the Society.  Mr. Cochrane reported that the essay contests were creating great  interest in the schools and that the Vernon Branch had received a  request from a Grade 4 for a member of the Society to give them a  talk on Okanagan History.  TREASURER'S REPORT  Before giving the financial statement Mrs. Cochrane thanked all  those who contributed to the success attained in increased membership.  Circulation of the Report was higher than for several years and many  of remaining back members had been sold.  Complete financial statements as follows.  RECEIPTS  Sales of Memberships and Reports:  Vernon    $ 820.24  Kelowna      461.00  Penticton  350.85  Oliver-Osoyoos     238.21  Interest on Savings Account, Bank of  Montreal, Osoyoos  1.15  Net receipts from Annual Banquet  21.50      $1,892.95  EXPENDITURES  Printing tickets for Annual Banquet            5.83  Engraving of shield for competition     1.75  Advertising  Annual  Meeting            3.00  Bank service charges          9.20  Stationery         69.45  Penticton Herald for printing 25th Report 1,190.68  Express and Postage       26.89   1,306.80  Excess of Receipts over Expenditures,                    $ 586.15  BANK BALANCE  Total funds on deposit April 30th, 1962   $ 190.91  Plus receipts over expenditures   586.15  $ 777.06  Vernon     263.01  Kelowna      188.19  Penticton  194.92  Osoyoos     130.94  $   777.06  REPORTS SOLD No. 25  Vernon     191  Kelowna    165  Penticton     122  Oliver-Osoyoos  74  Total   552  12 REPORTS ON HAND  No. 11   80                        No. 21     142  No. 14   44                        No. 22   165  No. 15   122                        No. 23       36  No. 16   69                        No.  24         9  No. 17   132                        No.  25    148  No. 18   51                                                                  No. 19   22 Total Reports on  No. 20   151                              hand     1,161  No. 26 Report prepaid  12  Amount received since April 30th, 1961, from  sales of previous Reports (includes 95 No. 24)  $  422.80  Donations  received           30.00  Moved by Mrs. Cochrane — "That this report be adopted," carried,  ed by Mr. Manery. Carried.  RESOLUTION AS ADVERTISED IN 25th REPORT  The President called for open discussion on the resolution.  Mrs. Lacey thought that if the fee was raised to $3.00 there would  be a decrease in membership.  Mrs. French considered that the Society needed members more  than money.  Mr. Spence was in favor of the increase and did not think the extra  50c would be detrimental.  Moved by Mr. Bagnall. Seconded by Mr. Manery — "That problems  could be solved by increasing membership and if enough money is on  hand to make down payment on printing of 26th Report, the price of  $2.50 per membership be retained and each Branch retain own membership fee."   This motion was defeated.  Mr. Manery thought that it would be detrimental to the Society to  raise fees. Mr. Wilson considered that, as Reports in many cases, go  to older people, these might not be able to pay $3.00 also that books  should be readily available to the public.  Mr. Pooley.   That the Kelowna Branch opposed to raising fee.  Mr. Whitham. That the cost of publishing not static and that it  must be remembered that if it had not been for the sale of back numbers of Reports, the Society would be further in the red.  After some further discussion the President called for the question.  The resolution as advertised, was defeated. Membership to remain  at $2.50.  BRANCH REPORTS  Vernon: Five Executive meetings were held during the year with a  good attendance. Main effort has been to revive the Armstrong-Enderby Branch, a general meeting as held in Armstrong on November 24th.  Mr. McDonald, President of O.H.S., was guest speaker and gave an interesting account of the early days in Armstrong. Mr. Jim Jamieson  read extracts from early issues of the Armstrong paper. The Branch  was re-organized at a meeting held on March 19th.  Armstrong Teen Town, who have been doing what they can for  some years to keep the old Lansdowne Cemetery, where such Pioneers  as Mr. and Mrs,. Schubert and Mr. and Mrs. Fortune lie buried, in a  decent condition, applied to the O.H.S. for financial assistance, as no  funds were available from this source letters were written to members  of the legislature and the Premier. Finally after extensive correspondence with the Deputy Provincial secretary the sum of $300.00 was sent  on condition that the Society would undertake responsibility for dis,-  bursement.   Work is now underway on the Cemetery.  13 Application has also been made to the Parks Branch, Dept. of  Recreation and Conservation, to have markers placed on the Highway  to indicate the old Lansdowne townsite and a large marker at the  Cemetery.  At the Annual meeting on April 2nd, the speaker was Dr. D. A.  Ross who gave an interesting address on the Shuswap and Okanagan  Indians,.  Kelowna: Four meetings of the Executive were held during the year.  Last year we had as our objective the collecting of information on the  early days of the fruit industry. This year we have taken Early Transportation and so far have some very good articles, one in particular, a  honeymoon trip to California complete with chauffeur and best man.  When the 25th Report came out we sent out 200 cards to notify  members that the Report was available. Also two of the Executive  were on CKOV radio Coffee Break and on TV to give the Report some  publicity, all of which helped to boost membership.  This, year the result of the Essay competition was most gratifying  with 90 entries.  A very successful annual dinner was held, 97 being present. The  guest speaker was Mr. E. C. Weddell, Q.C, who gave an interesting  account of the early days in Kelowna.  Penticton: At a well attended annual meeting Mr. Steve Canning was  the guest speaker and gave an illustrated talk on wildlife and flora in  the Vaseux Lake, Apex and Cathedral Lake areas. Several projects  for the coming year were discussed. It was proposed to have a  Pioneers re-union in connection with the Peach Festival inviting those  who lived in the district up to and including 1912. A marker on the  site of the first Anglican Church and first Cemetery was also considered and committee appointed to go onto these matters.  A well attended general meeting was, held in May at which an interesting talk was given by Mr. Barlee on the early Indian population  in the valley, their customs and origin. This talk was illustrated by  Mr. Barlee's own drawings.  A number of executive meetings have been held in connection with  the Pioneer's re-union and plans are well underway.  Several members of the Branch attended the celebration held at  the Canadian customs building at the border to commemorate 100  years of customs service.  Oliver-Osoyoos-Okanagan Falls: The annual meeting in March was the  only general meeting held but the Branch assisted with other projects  such as the celebration of 100 years of customs service held at the  border on November 26th, 1962. This proved one of the most successful  events ever held in the southern end of the Valley.  Further information on the Inkameep Church has been obtained.  Bishop Dunien blessed the Church in 1886.  The Fairview Cemetery project is progressing slowly.  At the annual meeting Mr. D. P. Fraser gave an informative talk  on "Roads and Trails of Early Osoyoos."  Response in the Essay Contest was most gratifying, 47 essays submitted. David Armor of the South Okanagan High School winning the  shield with his essay entitled "How It All Began," an account of the  fruit processing industry from its small beginning to the present time.  NEW BUSINESS  Mr. McDonald was asked to carry on for the balance of the meeting.  Mr. Cochrane moved a vote of thanks to the Past-President.  Resolution from Vernon Branch. Moved by Mr. Cochrane, seconded by Mr. Cameron: "That as Life Membership in the Society is a  great honor, the presidents of all Branches should meet prior to the  14 annual meeting to consider names proposed for this honor." Carried.  Moved by Mr. Wilson, seconded by Mr. Cochrane: "That greater  efforts be made to create interest in the schools in the Essay Contests  held each year."   Carried.  Mr. McDonald announced the winner of the Society's Shield for '.he  best essay in the Valley competition. David Amor of Southern Okanagan High School for his essay entitled "How It All Began". Mrs. French  reported that David had been presented with the Branch prize of $10.00.  Moved by Mr. Cochrane, seconded by Mr. Wilson: "That •the Executive consider inserting a perforated slip in the next Report which could  be filled out with request for Report and sent to the Treasurer. Carried.  Moved by Mr. Whitham, seconded by Mr. Watt: "That newspapers,  radio stations and TV be thanked for their help and co-operation."  Carried.  Moved by Mr. Bagnall, seconded by Mr. Wilson: "That the secretary write the Minister c£ Finance requesting that non-profit organizations incorporated under the Societies' Act, be allowed a tax rebate  on printing and stationery which they purchase for their own use."  Carried.  Moved by Mr. Spence, seconded by Mr. Cochrane: "That the secretary write the Committee on Geographical Names of the Dept. of  Mines and Technical Surveys requesting that the name of Middleton  Mountain in Vernon be officially registered."    Carried.  Moved by Mr. Cameron, seconded by Mr. Bagnall: "That the immediate Psst-Pres'dent automatically become a member of the Executive." Carried.  Mr. Pawley moved a vote of thanks to all who contributed to the  Report.  TIME AND PLACE OF NEXT ANNUAL MEETING  Mr. Manery issued an invitation to told the next annual meeting in  Cawston where it is hoped a Branch may be established. Moved by Mr.  Bagnall, seconded by Mr. Pooley: "That Mr. Manery's invitation be  accepted." Carried. The next annual meeting to take place Monday,  May 13th, 1963, in Cawston.  Mrs. White brought a request from the Natural History Society  asking that the Historical Society endorse a resolution that the Cathedral Lakes area be dedicated as a Park. It was felt by members that  before endorsing such a resolution more should be known of the matter.  Mr. Cawston was asked to look into it and report at a future meeting.  Adjournment moved by Mr. Spence at 4:45 P.M.  DINNER  Mr. McDonald introduced the new President Mr. Bagnall who, in a  few words thanked members for the honor conferred on him, and  welcomed members and guests.  Mr. Czarneske brought greetings from the Village Commissioners.  Mrs. Bagnall presented the Society's shield to the winner of the  Essay contest David Amor.  Mr. Ivan Hunter introduced the Speaker of the evening, Mr. Homer  B. Splawn of Yakima, Washington, U.S.A. In his address Mr. Splawn  traced the history of the Okanagan Valley from the earliest times and  also told of the journeys made by his father, author of the book "Kim-  iaken" who drove cattle through the Valley to the Cariboo in 1861.  The speaker was thanked by Mr. Cameron.  Mr. Bagnall moved a vote of thanks to the caterers for the very  delicious dinner.  15 L & A Ranch - See story page 106  16 oLand \-Jl Ljiantd  EDITOR'S NOTE: What follows is the address given by Homer Splawn  of Yakima at the 1962 Okanagan Historical Society's annual  dinner held in Osoyoos.  Entering the massive valley and hills of the Okanagan,  especially for the first time, truly inspires one with the awe of  nature's grandeur. The massive beauty and high elevations  touching the sky, as one wends his way through the valley, is  like a different land, for there is nothing like it anywhere.  Each revisit brings to one's attention another and more  subtle facet of its beauty and grandeur, so eventually there is  a composite of bigness and delicacy.  I call this land the Land of Giants, for big men came to this  big land, and there were big men already here, and, as a result of their lives and personalities, a population eventually generated, and those who now inhabit the land are big too, because they have had to carry on the work that was started, and  in the traditions of the past, so the credit is divided among those  who first came, and those who were already here, who contributed to the development of the area, and those who followed  with the traditions of the past in their minds, their total product  resulting in what we consider the best today in the best traditions.  So the title of this address, if there be any title, in the  Chinook jargon would be: HIYU MEN PUM — GIANT'S LAND.  This address is divided into the following parts:  1. THE DRIVE TO THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST BY SEA  2. THE WARS OF THE BEAVER KINGDOMS  3. THE WESTWARD EMIGRATION  4. THE OKANAGAN VALLEY AND NORTHERN ADJUNCTS,  SEEN AND EXPERIENCED BY A TEENAGER OF 1861  AND SUBSEQUENT YEARS, JACK SPLAWN.  The reason for touching upon the background is that it may  give us more perspective, or the place of westward emigration,  as it fits into the mosiac of the development of the Pacific Northwest and the Okanagan Valley.  17 Land of Giants  1. THE DRIVE TO THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST BY SEA  In 1579 Francis Drake sailed to the west coast of South America through the Straits of Magellan, around Cape Horn, in  a single ship, the Golden Hind. He raided two ports and sailed  north as far as the Oregon coast to find the Northwest Passage  through the northern part of North America. He was knighted  by Queen Elizabeth for that expedition.  Martin Frobisher had previously discovered on the east  coast Frobisher's Inlet, thought to be the eastern entrance to the  Northwest Passage, which had become the fabled shortcut to  the Orient. The Frobisher spokesman at the English court, whose  name was Lok, made a map, and, while making it, encountered  a Greek sea pilot by the pseudonym of Juan de Fuca, who professed to have discovered the Northwest Passage between 47  degrees and 48 degrees north latitude, but had never been north  at all.  The tale found its way into publications of adventure stories of the times and on current maps. One of history's ironies is  that this prevaricating Greek's description did fit the strait between Vancouver Island and the Olympic Peninsula, so it is appropriate that his name should have been given to it.  As far back as 1776 the idea of a Northwest Passage lingered. In 1776 the English Admiralty sent Captain James Cook  with two ships to examine the Pacific Northwest to determine  finally if there were a Northwest Passage.  There had been authorized by the English Parliament in  1745 a reward of 20,000 pounds for the discovery of the Northwest Passage.  In 1778 Captain Cook reached Vancouver Island (Nootka  Sound), where the Spanish naval captains Perez, Heceta, Quadra and Martinez had already set up their headquarters from  1774 to 1790, when Spain left the Pacific Northwest.  Here Captain Cook sailed to the Aleutian Islands, then to  the Island of Hawaii, where he was killed.  In 1792 Captain George Vancouver undertook the completion of the sea explorations begun by Captain Cook and to complete the search for the Northwest Passage.  18 Land of Giants  This drive to the Pacific Northwest by sea was for geopraph-  ical knowledge, England's main motovation being to find the  Northwest Passage, and Spain's motovation being to meet the  southward thrust of the Russian bear toward Spanish settlements in California, Spain then considering the Pacific Ocean  as her sea.  The next phase of the drive to the Pacific Northwest by sea  was the sea peddlers, whose era roughly encompassed the period of 1788 to 1804, the year of the Lewis and Clark Expedition  and the beginning of the Hudson's Bay Company's and other  English fur companies' first establishment of posts in the Pacific  Northwest.  The sea peddlers were motivated for commerce, it being the  China trade in tea, silk, art work and other exotic wares, the  scheme being maritime transportation from the east coast to  the Pacific Northwest of trinkets, to be traded for furs, which  were then transported to the Orient, and then the wares of the  Orient to the east coast of North America.  The American, Captain Robert Gray, was one of these, and  in his ship, the Columbia, he discovered in 1792 the river which  he so named.  II. THE WARS OF THE BEAVER KINGDOMS  The name, Oregon, first used to refer to the Great River of  the West, was coined by Jonathan Carver and Major Robert  Rogers, a hero of the French and Indian Wars, who were early  explorers as far west as St. Paul, Minnesota. The name was  carried through by William Cullen Bryant in his poem Thanat-  opsis: ". . . in the continuous woods, where rolls the mighty  Oregon."  The notion of a land passage across the country was almost  as old as the notion of a seaway. In the vacuum of French fur  monopolies, in 1763, when France lost Canada, there came the  Northwest Fur Company and Hudson's Bay Company.  Alexander Mackenzie, of the Northwest Fur Company, in  1793 went up the Peace River, looking for the Great River of the  West, which had been discovered the year before by Captain  19 Land of Giants  Gray, and came out on the British Columbia coastline after  crossing the Fraser River.  There followed the Lewis and Clark Expedition, 1804 to  1806.  Simon Fraser in 1805 established the first British trading  post west of the Rockies, far up the Peace River.  The star man, David Thompson, of the Northwest Fur Company, 1807, crossed the Continental Divide and thereafter explored and established fur trading posts in the Pacific Northwest.  John Jacob Astor formed the Pacific Fur Company and from  1811 to 1814 there was Astoria, having established his post both  by sea and land voyages. David Stewart and his crew, of the  same company, drew their canoes up to the mouth of the Okanagan River on September 1, 1811.  In 1820 occurred the merger of the Northwest Fur Company  and the Hudson's Bay Company, which now stretched unchallenged from coast to coast.  American fur trappers advanced into Montana, Oregon and  Idaho, men like ledediah Smith, Ewing Young and their contemporaries, in the 1820's.  III. THE WESTWARD EMIGRATION  Following the advent of the fur trappers and beginning of  the 1830's occurred the westward emigration.  The first substantial overland emigrations were missionaries, generated by the "Macedonian Cry" of four Indians, who in  1831 made an unprecedented journey to St. Louis in search of  religious teachers, going to St. Louis as the home of Captain  William Clark. By that time the Northwest Indians had become  acquainted with Christianity and Christian symbols, mostly from  Iroquois Indians, who were employed by the fur companies and  brought to the Pacific Northwest. The appeal of these four Indians, was publicized in the east, so the Methodist, Jason Lee,  came out in 1834, and the Presbyterians, Marcus and Narcissa  Whitman, in 1835.  20 Land of Giants  The Treaty of 1846 established the 49th parallel, and so that  early era ended.  The Willamette Valley had begun to be settled. In 1852  there was the greatest flow of emigrants of all time, their motovation being the Donation Land Law.  The Indian Wars in Oregon and Washington in the 1950's  were largely the result of the Donation Land Law. The Indians  had not yet been settled upon their reservations and their treaties had not yet been ratified by the Congress, so there occurred  the intrusion of the Whites under this law for free land, and the  territorial politicians tried to please their land-hungry constituents by having Oregon and Washington Volunteers wage war  on the Indians, so the Whites could settle on their lands.  The Hudson's Bay Company's headquarters were removed  from Fort Vancouver, Washington, to Fort Victoria, on Vancouver Island, and then, in. 1858, was the discovery of gold on the  Fraser River by miners drifting northward from the Colville discoveries of 1856 and 1857, who discovered gold north of the  border, while working northwesterly. Mathew Begbie was then  Chief Justice of British Columbia. In 1860 and 1861 was the discovery of gold in the great Cariboo — the greatest El Dorado of  the West.  IV. THE OKANGAN VALLEY AND NORTHERN ADJUNCTS,  AS SEEN AND EXPERIENCED BY A TEENAGER OF 1861  AND SUBSEQUENT YEARS, JACK SPLAWN.  At this stage there enters upon this great historical scene the  teenager, Jack Splawn.  He had crossed the Plains as a young boy in 1852 and entered Washington Territory in 1860, when he was 15 years old.  In August, 1861, when 16, he became a cowboy, and, with an  elderly man, the proprietor of a herd of cattle, and five others,  started the herd on an 800-mile journey from the Klickitat country to the Cariboo.  When they reached the mouth of the Wenatchee River,  they were saved by Chief Moses from a massacre, and, after  further hair-raising experiences, they reached where present  Riverside is, where six renegades attempted to cut out some cattle and he shot one of them.  21 Land of Giants  The next morning they reached where present Oroville is,  and, while resting, Chief Tonasket appeared with a band of  Indians, singing the death song, to avenge the death of the one  who had been shot. After being told the circumstances, Chief  Tonasket changed his mind and assigned certain of his men to  accompany and protect the herd to Lake Okanagan.  When they reached the foot of the lake, the owner of  the herd, Major John Thorp, predicted some day there would  be steamers on the lake, that the area would be dotted with  towns and that the young boy would live to see it. The teenager thought that the old man had lost his mind but did live to  see the prophecy come true.  When they reached Fort Kamloops, having followed the  old fur trade route through the Okanagan Valley, the teenager  had his first experience with a frontier court, when he was called  as a juror for a murder.  He described Fort Kamloops as a fortress standing on the  north bank of the Shu-swap River at its confluence with the  Thompson, surrounded by a 15-foot palisade with gates on two  sides and bastions on two opposite angles. J. W. McKay was  chief trader at the time and Major Thorp took the teenager to  meet him, crossing the river from where they were camped  with the cattle.  It brought to his mind the episode of 1841, when Chief Trader  Black, of the Hudson's Bay Company, was killed, and old John  Todd, later in charge of the fort, was surrounded by 1,000 warriors under Chief Ni-ko-li. Rolling out of the fort 3 kegs of powder,  crushing the heads with his heel and holding his flint, Todd  yelled defiance at the Indians, saying the first shot would blow  up every inhabitant from there to Lake Okanagan. Knowing the  man and understanding powder, the attackers raised the siege  and the fort was saved.  The winter having begun, the cattle were wintered at Cache  Creek, and he was left alone to look after them for the winter,  staying in a packer's wigwam and going out each day to look  after the cattle.  The following spring the proprietor returned, and he and  the young boy drove the cattle on to the Cariboo, driving as far  22 Land of Giants  north as Quesnel, where, in September, 1862, he observed the  Fortune raft, the overlanders who came ashore at Quesnel,  having left eastern Canada via Edmonton and the Peace River.  This brings up the famous Shubert party, who came down the  North Thompson and landed at Fort Kamloops, descendants of  which party are among your honored people.  There, also, he found a camp of golden-haired Indians, with  fine features and a musical language, never seeing them again.  An article concerning them appearing in the National Geographic Magazine in the 1920's.  Before returning from the Cariboo in the fall of 1862 he met  the famous outlaw, Boone Helm, who was later hanged with  Henry Plummer at Virginia City, Montana.  At Cottonwood, because he was a southerner and a Negro  sat down at his table in an eating establishment, an affray resulted. A few hours later Judge Mathew Begbie's page summoned him before the justice on a charge of assault with  a deadly weapon, the weapon having been an axe. The charge  was dismissed with the admonishment not to repeat.  By the fall of 1862 they sold all the cattle and had $20,000 in  gold dust and started for Victoria. On the way Boone Helm,  who frequented the trails of returning miners, attempted to murder the major and the young boy 'Ģwhile asleep, but fortunately  they awoke and scared him off.  Later Jack Splawn acquired a grey horse, which Boone  Helm had trained and with which he had eluded a posse for  seven days. The horse would never neigh to another horse, and  when turned loose, would come as fast as he could upon a signal.  On their journey to the Cariboo they had followed the route  of the fur traders, who had dominated the Okanagan Valley  from 1811 to 1850, largely from Fort Okanagan, which was maintained until 1859.  The fur traders were followed by gold-minded adventurers,  whose period was from 1858 to 1890. The Okanagan Valley provided the shortest overland route from the States to the Fraser  River and the Cariboo, along the Okanagan and Similkameen  Rivers. Old fur trappers' trails led men in the search of gold and  then for the transport of cattle to feed them, and the teenager  23 Land of Giants  came to the Okanagan on this route, at this stage of history.  In 1863 he came again to the Cariboo with a pack train of  40 animals loaded with bacon for the miners, and again, as on  his first trip in 1861, he encountered hair-raising experiences  and survived.  In 1868 he borrowed money and took 100 head of cattle of  his own to British Columbia, encountering Indian trouble practically all the way, and in 1869 he and his brother drove a band  of horses to Fort Kamloops, taking along race horses and promoting races along the way.  It was in 1863, with the bacon train to the Cariboo, that he  met Mr. Haynes, the British customs officer at Osoyoos, and on  his horse racing tour in 1869, he observed Mrs. Haynes, the only  white woman in that country, jump hurdles on her horse. In  his book, Kamiakin, he said that she had the cowboys and va-  queros pushed off the map for riding. He and the Haynes family became fast friends. Among the friends which he made in  the Okanagan Valley were the Frank Richter family and the  Frank Loudon family, whose descendants are so well and honorably known.  In his years up and down the Okanagan Valley he observed and experienced the following highlights of its history.  Gold was discovered at Brewster in 1862. In 1863 there  were 500 miners washing gold between Pateros and Bridgeport.  An estimated $100,000 was taken from Rich Bar near Brewster.  These miners left no visible traces of their civilization and even  burned for campfires the logs of Fort Okanagan, leaving only  the chimney and fireplace, which were swept away in the flood  of 1894. There is still reason to believe a layer of pay dirt underlies the town of Brewster.  On the heels of these miners came the Chinese from California, and, in their period, 1858 to 1890, they mined the tributaries of the Columbia and north to the border. There was a  Chinese miners' village of some magnitude on the east bank of  the Columbia opposite the Chelan River in 1875, abandoned in  the early 80's. Until recent years there was evidence of "China  ditches" along the Columbia for gold sluicing, dug during the  60's and 70's. One extended from the Methow River above Pat-  24 Land of Giants  eros south to the present station of Azwell.  Boat landing little towns were established, Virginia City,  1893, and Ophir, but they did not survive. The steamers, City of  Ellensburg, Thomas L. Nixon and others plied the Columbia and  Okanagan Rivers.  The only monument to the Chinese is the ghost town of  Chesaw named after Che Saw, a Chinese who settled down to  agricultural pursuits in the vicinity. It is the only town in the  United States named after a Chinese.  The first permanent settler in the Okanagan was Hiram  F. "Okanagan" Smith, who settled at Lake Osoyoos in 1858. His  grandson, Robert J. Evans, now lives at Fort Jones, California.  The freighting was from railroad terminals and steamboat  landings to mining camps and starting towns. The story is told  of two 6-horse wagons coming from opposite directions on a  dusty road, when their leaders stopped. The dust was so thick  that the drivers could not see their leaders, so they got down and  walked ahead to see what the matter was and bumped into  each other in the cloud of dust.  Jack Splawn, the teenager, became one of the contributors  to Okanagan information prior to the white settlement. In later  years he bought cattle in the Okanagan, south of the border,  starting north and buying bands of cattle southward, meeting  him at way points to be offered for purchase, until he had a  herd of 750 to 1,000 head to drive to Wenatchee and on to the  Kittatas Valley, to be held until spring and then driven over  Snoqualmie Pass. One year, in the 1890's, his standard price  was $25 gold for 3-year old steers and $20 gold for fat cows  with or without calf.  In August, 1905, 44 years after his first trip to the Cariboo  as a teenager, he went back over the old trail, reminiscing the  former days, missing the wild yell of the celebrating miner, the  reckless actions of the fearless packer and the cold nerve of  the well-dressed gambler, but finding the loyalty, courage,  bravery and hospitality of those who had settled this big land.  He seemed to have a charmed life among the Indians. For  example, where Malott now is, on the first trip to the Cariboo  in 1861, they were camped for the night on Loop Loop Creek.  25 Land of Giants  The cattle were turned loose to graze up the Okanagan River,  and after dark the stillness was broken by wild whoops and  piercing yells from a nearby encampment of Chief Tonasket's  tribe, signalling a war dance. His youthful curiosity led him to  the wigwam, where the warriors were engaged in their wild  dance. The fascination and sound and rhythm of the drums  caught him, so he wormed his way in, with his long tow hair,  and soon was swaying and chanting with the best of them.  Suddenly he was conscious that the other dancers had  withdrawn, leaving him alone in the centre. Whether to run or  stand his ground became a problem. Major Thorp had previously told him, "Don't show the white feather and you win .heir  respect nine times out of ten." So he stuck to his dance. After a  short parley among the Indians, the dance continued, but this  time with a fresh scalp thrown out with short hair. This sobered  the teenager, and he slipped away, back to his camp.  Later he learned that the headmen admired his courage,  and let him go, probably thinking of a future opportunity to get  his yellow-haired scalp.  In 1958 he was elected to the National Cowboy Hall of  Fame, along with "Okanagan" Smith.  In concluding, I return to the title of this address, the Land  of Giants, which appellation applies equally to those who first  came, to those outstanding natives of the land who were already  here, and to those who have carried on to this day in the best  traditions of this valley's past, which really is quite recent.  AIM OF THE SOCIETY  The aim of the Society is to create and foster interest in local history and subjects of scientific interest; to locate and mark  historic sites and other points of interest; to obtain and preserve  the early history of the Okanagan and contiguous districts, also  historical documents, photographs and life sketches of pioneers;  and to give these matters such publicity as may be possible  through the local press and Society publications.  26 __//__?   oLate  ____>tV   (L>dward   \Jliver    lA/heeler,    ///.(_..  Brigadier Sir Edward Oliver Wheeler was born in Ottawa,  April 18, 1890, and died in Vernon, B.C., March 19, 1962.  Sir Oliver was educated at Trinity College School, Port  Hope and the Royal Military College, Kingston. He was commissioned into the Royal Engineers in 1910 and posted to Chatham, England, where he served until 1912 when he was posted  to India: He was awarded the B.S.M. Sword of Honour and the  Governor-General's Gold Medal.  He served with the  King's Sappers and Miners  in France during 1914-15 and  then in Mesopotamia until  1918. He was decorated with  the Military Cross and seven  times mentioned in despatches. The Legion of Honour,  5th Class, was confered on  him and he attained the rank  of Brevet-Major at the end  of the First World War.  In 1919, Sir Oliver joined the Survey of India and  in 1921 married Dorothea  Danielson of Birmingham,  England. He left shortly afterwards to join the Mount Ever-  Sir Edward Oliver Wheeler, M.C. est Reeonnaiscance Expedition making the first survey of the region immediately surrounding Mount Everest. The photo topographical method was used,  a method used extensively in Canada, particularly by this  father, A. O. Wheeler.  He became Surveyor-General of India with the rank of Brigadier in 1941 and received the order of knighthood in 1943-  After serving with the Survey of India until October, 1946, he was  given leave pending retirement in 1947. Canada was to be his  home and he and Lady Wheeler settled in Vernon, B.C., in 1950  where he resided until his death.  He had been a mountaineer since his childhood having  27 The Late Sir Edward Oliver Wheeler, M.C.  accompanied his father on many parties in the Selkirks and  Rockies. He was president of the Alpine Club of Canada from  1950 to 1953, a member of the Alpine Club of England since  1911 and a member of the American Club since 1952.  Among his hobbies were shooting, fishing, tennis and mountaineering. He was a veteran traveller having covered many  areas in India during his service there and on leaves he and  Lady Wheeler enjoyed a number of voyages around the world.  Sir Oliver and Lady Wheeler had one son, John, of West  Vancouver, B.C., who is presently with the Geological Survey of  Canada. There are two grandchildren.  Ot  anuaan  Crndlan   C^weat ^rri  ou.de  One of the first descriptions of a steam bath in northwestern  America seems to have been given by Father Charles Pandosy,  O.M.I-, of the Oblate Missions in Oregon Territory. It is dated  1849-1850. In writing about the Yakimas he recorded:  "They had steam baths. These were oval pits about four  feet deep and ten feet in circumference, dug out on a river bank  and covered with branches and a mixture of mud and straw. A  small entrance is left at the side facing the river. Large round  stones were heated to a sizzling point and rolled into the corner  of the steam house. Then cold water was poured over the hot  stones, filling the place with steam. Immediately a group of  28 Okanagan Indian Sweat House  naked Indians would dash inside while somebody sealed the  entrance with a hide or blanket. They would remain in the  steam until sweat poured down their bodies. Then they would  dash out of the steam house and plunge into the river."  In the summer of 1914 when our survey party was camped  along Keefe Creek we gained permission from the Indians to  use their wis'ial in exchange for certain favors-  A fork to shovel the hot rocks into the centre pit, a five gallon oil can to carry water, canvas and sacking to cover the  wattle structure were the only differences between this steam  house and the one described by Father Pandosy half a century  before.  *^rn  esDaud  Ketone (73u  By HENRY NICHOLSON  Editor's Note:  The reminisienses of an early settler in the Similkameen country  were contained in a letter to the editor of the Hedley Gazette and  Similkameen Advertiser and were published in the first issue of .hat  newspaper dated January 10, 1905. Further reminiscences by Judge  J. H. Murphy written at the same time for the same newspaper will  appear later in these pages.  I well remember my first glimpse of the Similkameen Valley, when after a long and fatiguing ride from Princeton (Mr.  Allisons) together with my partner, Mr. Barrington Price, arriving  at the Hudson's Bay post which we had leased as a stock  ranch. It was a beautiful September afternoon in the year 1872:  the day had been excessively hot and now as the sun was  westering, the valley bathed in a haze was so quiet and lifeless  as to be oppresive, more noticeable to one just from the old  country with its busy life.  This change to a wild solitude, this narrow valley surrounded with steep and rugged mountains with here and there masses  of black pine, might well have been another Thaeblad, where  the saints of old and those who were not saints sought solitude  29 In Days Gone By  from their fellow men "the world forgotten by the world forgot."  How different now the scene which meets the eye (1905).  Instead of benches covered with sage brush and cactus, and  bottom land luxuriant 'tis true with wild herbage, the home of  flocks of prairie chicken, but no sign of man's habitation, we  are surrounded with cultivated farms and comfortable homes  with the happy voices of children, telling us that the days of the  solitude of the Similkameen are past no more to return. Though  hitherto the evolution has been slow, in a valley so favored.by  nature, in climate and soil, the advent of railway communication will overcome the one great cause of its isolation and the  Hope Mountain will no longer be a barrier to the prosperity and  progress of a valley which may be truly called the paradise of  the orchardist.  But to go back to the seventies, when beef was king and  the "ladyfinger" potato the greatest farming product of the  valley. What a free life it was in those days — all too free, no  restraining, no refining influences, with but a few events to mark  the lapse of time. These events may be briefly summarized as  the arrival of the mail carrier every three months, the arrival  of the pack trains with their welcome supplies, the cattle drives  to Hope, an occassional race-meet and the annual trip to Fort  Hope or Victoria.  From the middle of June until the middle of November the  Hope trail would be open for pack trains and cattle and a busy  time it would be, with pack trains going and returning and the  hundreds of heads of cattle from the well known stock ranches  of Messers Ellis, Haynes, Low, Richter, Barcello, Allison, and  others keeping the trail alive with beef for the Victoria market.  Stockraising being almoust the sole industry, to be a cattleman was the aspiration of every youngster who could sit a  horse, but to boss a drive was the coveted honor for the favored  few, it being no easy matter getting a band of steers across the  mountains. Only the most careful herding ensured a successful  drive. To the uninitiated the boss driver might appear a most  mild though somewhat reticent sort of person, his answers  somewhat monosyllablic, and that this placid disposition was  the result of his occupation; but let anything go wrong with the  drive, then would be  seen what a reserve of eloquence he  30 In Days Gone By  possessed. Dick Cawston as he was familiarly known was one  of the most successful cattlemen of those days; having a happy  jovial disposition and thoroughly understanding his business  he was always able to get good hands and good work, and. if  things happened to go wrong, he was gifted with a flow of  language that a brindle steer could understand.  In a country where a horse was as indispensable to a man  as his legs, horse racing would be a natural sequence and the  Sunday gatherings at the store would witness many a trial of  nags, the bench below the present town of Keremeos (Upper)  being the usual track, but the big race meetings were held on  the bench now covered by one of Mr. Barcelo's farms. Here in  1872 took place the famous race between B. Price's "Mountain  Chief" and A. McConnell's "Bulger Dick" for the Keremeos  Derby Stakes. A large gathering of whites and Indians witnessed the race; the excitment and the cheering when the late  Judge Haynes declared the "Chief" the winner, reminded one  of an old-country meeting.  What a picturesque appearance the crowd of Indians  made in their many colored blankets, bedecked trappings and  ornamental headgear, and how thoroughly they enjoyed the  sport. Keen judges of horseflesh they were too, as we often  found to our cost when they matched some "Croppie" or  "Calico" cayuse against the white man's horse. How the Indian  has changed, I supposed evolutionized with his surroundings,  blanket and buckskin having given place to store clothes, and  today the Indian and his better half, may be met Darby and  Joan like driving their buggy — the old trapper and hunter like  the game, having all but disappeared.  In the seventies, deer, mountain sheep, goat and bear were  plentiful on the Similkameen, the steep mountains of the Ashnola in particular, being the home of large herds of big horn.  On the knoll overlooking the pretty farm of Mr. Bullock-Webster  bands of over a hundred have been counted. Few seasons  passed without seeing some hunting party from the old country  or the States anxious for a shot at this king of game.  The outfits of some of these parties were more luxurious  than workmanlike. I have in mind a party of four New York  magnates with some twenty pack animals and attendants, in-  31 In Days Gone By  eluding a French cook, under the guidance of the late Jack  Fannin. Fannin was a born hunter, and the look on his face as  he pointed out to me the collection of easy chairs, camp bedsteads, oil cooking stove, etc. was more eloquent than words:  though no heads were obtained, the party took away renewed  health from their picnic in the mountains. There were others who  hunted in a more modest fashion and were content to rough  it who succeeded in obtaining some fine specimens.  Our farming in those days was indeed primitive: we found  nature in the rough and did little to disturb her, indeed as an  old Irishman put it "ye seem to have learned your farming  from the Siwashes and bedad, ye haven't improved on it," was  more truthful than flattering. The building of a flouring mill by  Mr. Price in '77 led to the raising of wheat by the Indians as  well as the white settlers, and then was realized for the first  time the wonderful productiveness of the soil of the valley —  the bench lands with a supply of water yielding splendid crops—  that on the Barcello ranch being especially good.  It was not till the early eighties that any large amout of  land was brought under cultivation. The completion of the Canadian Pacific Railway brought some most desirable settlers and  families from Ontario, the famous farming province of the Dominion, and a changed condition in the social life of the valley  was soon apparent, its evolution had commenced, the old careless habits of living were passing away, even bacon and beans  had to give place to more home-like fare, and a "grooming"  necessary when a visit was to be paid to a benedict neighbor.  What an agreeable change it was to sit at a well spread table  presided over by a kindly hostess.  Among the pleasant homes of those days must be mentioned that of Mr. Cawston and his amiable wife, who resided on  the original Richter property. Before disposing of it Mr. Richter  had built quite a modern house and laid out an orchard, the  first in the valley, Mr and Mrs. McCurdy, whose property adjoined and Mr. and Mrs. Daley on the old Price ranch, now one  of the valuable properties of the valley, also to be mentioned  in this connection.  Favoured as the Similkameen is in climate and soil, it is  to its vast store of minerals "locked up in the sea of mountains,"  32 In Days Gone By  extending from Keremeos to Princeton that we look for its great  store of wealth — the exploitation of this mineral belt incidently  developing its agricultural possibilities. As the placer miner is  invariably the fore-runner of the quartz miner the Similkameen  has been no exception, placer mining having been carried on in  the very early sixties. Prominent among those early pioneers  who are still with us are the genial and ever youthful Bob Stevenson and Jim Orr. I believe it is a disputed point between them,  to which belongs the honour of being the first on the Similkameen. None, however, can dispute the fact that they are wonderful examples of the hardiness of the miner of half a century ago.  Another name is associated with those early days, the late  Mr. Allison, who built the Allison Trail across the Hope Mountain; a most kindly and large-hearted gentleman whose faith in  the future mineral possibilities of the Similkameen was unbounded. He was the first discoverer of copper and with his  associates, among whom was his brother - in - law, the Hon.  E. Dewdney, did considerable development work, but the day of  the quartz miner had not yet arrived: several decades must pass  before polishing a drill would take the place of wielding a pick.  With the departure from the Similkameen of white miners  they were replaced by their faithful followers, John Chinaman, who has mined on the South Fork and on the Tulameen  almost continously to the present day. Granite Creek was discovered by John Chance in '85, his associates being T. Curry  and W. Jenkins, and for about four miles it was very rich being  very narrow and with little fall, it was more like a ground -  sluice in the mountains. The diggings were shallow and the  cream of the pay easily taken out; consequently its life, or I  should say the dazzling promise of its youthful life was early  cut short, although it's influence on the future developments of  quartz mining in the Similkameen district was far - reaching.  Extravagant accounts of its richness spread far and wide  and attracted miners from all parts of the world. Men from California and Australia as well as Cariboo and Cassiar were  flocking to the latest El Dorado, and it may be easily understood that among a gathering of experience miners the possibility of gold - bearing veins in the vicinity would be frequently  discussed, indeed, the late Dr. Davison when he first visited  the camp, coming in from Nicola, spoke of the favourable indi-  33 In Days Gone By  cations of the surrounding mountains for mineral deposits.  The history of the first excitement on Granite Creek was  brief though stirring, a considerable town sprung into existence  in a few months, some business houses but mostly saloons,  gambling houses and restaurants, in fact, a typical mining town.  Money was plentiful and was squandered in the usual minerlike fashion.  Considerable gold was taken out the first year, not only  from Granite but from the neighboring creeks, Slate, Collins,  Bear and others. The gold was generally coarse, one and two  ounce nuggets frequently being found, while much larger ones  occasionally rewarded some lucky prospector. I recall among  the more fortunate ones a young Londoner who paid his last  dollar to record his claim, and having borrowed a rocker, the  same afternoon took out over $400.00 and subsequently left the  creek with almost $11,000. On the upper discovery claim over  $8,000 was taken out in one day's washing.  A little below this claim old Tom Fay had a fraction (25 ft.)  which he worked with a rocker, banking his dirt in the forenoon and washing it in the afternoon. When the sun was shining on his pile of dirt the gold could be plainly seen in the  gravel.  Genial old Pat Synan, a true son of the Emerald Isle, had  named his claim "the Gladstone" and one lucky day Pat found  a "foine nugget" which he sent to the late Mr. Gladstone who  accepted and acknowledged the gift. Every old timer will remember how proud old Pat was and how he prized this letter  from the Great Home Ruler, and alas, how often it caused him  to fall by the wayside.  But my old friend Judge Murphy who still sticks to Granite  is better able to tell of the doings on the old creek. I wonder  if he remembers the first visit the late "Father Pat" paid the  creek and incidently it was the first mining camp in which Mr.  Irwin had held service. Even in the brief stay he made on that  occasion his amiable personality crept into the hearts of the  miners and it is little wonder that in after years he became so,  endeared to a class of men who, whatever their faults may be  are ready to respect the "cloth" and substantially aid a good  man in his work. I cannot leave Granite without a word or two  34 In Days Gone By  in reference to my old chief, Mr. Geo. Tunstall, Gold Commissioner, himself an old Cariboo miner, his kind heart and ready  hand always open to help an old friend. He was a firm believer  in the great future that awaited the Similkameen as a mining  district and must feel greatly satisfied with its present outlook.  Returning to the valley, though anteceding my own personal experience, mention should be made of the Hudson's  Bay Co. who established a trading post there when it was entirely an Indian country, their first post being on the ranch afterwards occupied by F. Richter. Then it moved to Keremeos where  substantial buildings were erected and their packtrains wintered. For some years the fur trade of the Similkameen was  carried on very profitably, until the extensive fires which swept  the Hope Mountains drove out the marten. The trade fell off,  and the Company gave up their trading post.  The Similkameen Indians were long regarded as being  hostile to white settlement, retaining even as late as the seventies many of their old superstitions, in spite of the Catholic  Fathers. They still believed in the mumeries of the medicine men.  On a recent visit to the Similkameen I met an old Indian doctor.  It is a peculiar characteristic of the Indian that if he makes up  his mind (Chinook, Mammook tum-tum) he is going to die, he  generally succeeds. Dummy had mammooked his tum-tum that  his time had come although his sorrowing relatives had engaged the services of some eminent medicine men to drive  away the evil spirits their efforts were unsuccessful, so the good  father Pandosy was sent for, who on departing, gave Dummy  some pictures to console him, among them, one of purgatory,  which Dummy was given to understand was the place to which  he was going. For a long time Dummy studied this picture and  then turned to look at the beautiful valley, visible through the  open teepee and suddenly startled his watching "tillicums" by  informing them that the funeral was postponed: he preferred  the looks of the Similkameen to the looks of the other place and  was going to stay, and stay he did.  With brief reference to the old time settlers still resident in  the valley I must close a letter already too long. Commencing  with Mr. Richter, who more than forty years ago made his  home on the Similkameen. Comparatively a poor man, he has  by his business ability and energy become one of the wealthiest  35 In Days Gone By  men of the upper country, the owner of a splendid herd of  cattle and several ranches, besides his beautiful residence  at the head of the valley. Mr. Emanuel Barcelo who came to the  valley about the same time is also a large cattle and land  owner. Mr. J. H. Coulthard, J.P., who owned the old H. B. Co.  property Mr. Price's upper ranch and other purchased land on  which his numerous cattle graze. His son, Mr. J. O. Coulthard  who preceded his father as a settler in the valley, is manager of  the property. Mrs. Daly has for many years successfully managed her valuable stockranch. Mrs. Lown, now occupying the  old Cawston ranch, her sons managing the large band of cattle,  is among the old settlers. Messers McCurdy, Manery, and Armstrong, other oldtime settlers, have well stocked ranches, increasing in value year by year. Mr. Bullock - Webster, J. P.,  though a more recent settler, is now one of the large land and  stock owners of the valley, having a pretty home on the other  side of the Similkameen, the result of his industry and good  management.  I little imagined that when I rested with my old chum at  the Twenty Mile Creek on that September afternoon in '72 that  the greatest mine in B. C. was in the mountain above us, or  that we were temporarily occupying a possibly valuable lot in  an embryo city, or that I should ever write of the fact for the  readers of its first newspaper.  Camp McKinney.  +  NOTICE  This Society would be glad to receive  donations of back  numbers of Reports, particularly complete  sets, to be used in  completing sets in libraries and museums  throughout the Ok-  anagan and Similkameen.  These should be sent to the Treasurer  "Collect" or to any  officer of the Society.  36 Chaplain  Lueorae cJLudlow ^dtabrookd  My father, George Ludlow Estabrooks, was born January  30th, 1864, on his father's farm at Swan Creek near St. John, N.B.  His ancestry has been traced by Miss Florence Estabrooks  of St. John, N.B., to the Low Countries (Holland and Flanders).  The tradition received by her was that several families by the  name of Yandells living on the east side of some bridges were  called Estenbrugge Yandell. These families moved, about 1575,  to Flanders. After a brief stay they went on to Devonshire, England. Here some used the name Yandell and some Estenbrugge  which finally became Estabrooks.  His great grandfather left Devonshire for Canada in 1730.  After service in the Colonial Army as a Sergeant he moved to  Portland Point at the mouth of the St. John River. A son born  here later bought the farm at Swan Creek where my father was  born.  My father married Lucretia Pidgeon, 1873. She died leaving  him a daughter Mabel. On June 9th, 1887, he married Sarah  Brown who became the mother of his two sons, Otto and Richard,  also a daughter Willa.  He left the farm at fifteen years of age to join one of the  St. John River boats running the 83 miles of river between St.  John and Fredricton, N.B. Starting as a lantern boy at $12 per  month he was rapidly promoted to Master and had charge at  different times of many well known boats there. He was known  to everyone at that time as Capt. Lud. The salary, however,  never was high. In 1892 he decided to move West and started  for Vancouver, B.C. But when the train reached Revelstoke, B.C.,  he was persuaded to join one of the C.K.S.N. Company Columbia  River boats running between Revelstoke and Northport, Wash.  A short time later he moved to Slocan Lake to take charge  of a boat being built for Wm. Hunter. In 1898 the C.P.R. bought  this boat from Hunter and gave the crew positions on their  boats. My father was transferred back to the Columbia River,  the C.P.R. having also bought out the C.K.S.N. boats.  During October, 1898, he was transferred to the Okanagan  Lake to take charge of the Str. Aberdeen then running tri-weekly  37 Captain George Ludlow Estabrooks  between Okanagan Landing and Penticton. These were leisurely  trips before lakeside orchards had been dreamed of. Cord  wood was used for fuel, and traffic was almost nil-  After the turn of the century a phenomenal increase in  passenger and freight business began and continued to increase. The need of another boat becoming apparent the fast  Str. Okanagan was built and placed in service during 1907 with  my father in charge. His friendly nature, so customary with our  pioneers, was at this time very helpful to many who were coming here as strangers to make their homes at lake points. Passenger service always was enjoyable work to him and he took  great care to make the trip as pleasant as he possibly could  for every passenger.  In 1914 the Str. Sicamous was placed in service with my  father in charge. Company pension rules necessitated his retiring from the boats January 1st, 1915.  With no intention of remaining idle in retirement after so  many years of activity in the Okanagan, he announced in the  Penticton Herald, lanuary 7th, 1915, his intention of running for  Councillor Ward 2. He was elected but could not give all his  time as the C.P.R. could call him back to the boats for short periods if needed. This they did for seven years.  About this time his health began to decline till he peacefully passed along at his Penticton home August 12th, 1926.  BACK NUMBERS  From time to time our members ask where they can obtain  back numbers of the Okanagan Historical Society's Reports.  Some wish to fill the gaps in their collection while others want  a complete set, if available.  Complete sets are no longer available but our Treasurer has  a goodly number of back numbers, which may be purchased  from her at $2.50 per copy. The stock comprises Nos. 11, 14 and  through to 25. However we should state there are very few  copies of Nos. 14 and 25.  38 cJLanddowne  ^rrotet    Was   cJLlveiu   Center  By JAMES E. JAMIESON  By the year 1885 the connecting roads at what was later  to be Lansdowne corner had become quite important- Practically  all traffic in the Okanagan had to pass on one side of the three  roads converging there. Martin Fursteneau owned a half section  of land on which the corner was located. He secured the services  of David Lloyd-Jones, who became a prominent businessman of  Kelowna, and built a hotel which he named "The Lansdowne  Hotel" in honor of Lord Lansdowne, the first hotel in the North  Okanagan. Shortly after, Peter Anderson built a small log hotel  on Barnard Avenue in Vernon.  The Lansdowne Hotel changed hands several times but  there is no record of definite dates. In any case, after a time it  was purchased by George Wallace who at that time owned the  McQuarrie Ranch just west of Lansdowne. Perhaps Wallace was  a little easy going and eventually there were complaints of  rowdyism and the liquor licence was cancelled.  B. F. Young came to the rescue by forming a company  known as B. F. Young & Co., and again secured the licence. Mr.  Young had little or nothing to do with the running of the hotel  but had two of his sisters come out from Philadelphia to take  charge, Mrs. Eastman and Mrs. Smith, the latter married George  Wallace.  The next owner was a man named Cartwright who came  out from England. He later sold out to Duncan Cameron who  owned it until after the Village of Lansdowne was abandoned  and moved almost in its entirety to Armstrong in the spring of  1892. Cameron then went to Salmon Arm and erected the Coronation Hotel.  Sometime during its career the Lansdowne Hotel was considerably enlarged which speaks well for its ability as a moneymaker. It had some ten or twelve rooms, lobby, dining room and  a large well equipped bar room, and of course, a spacious room  upstairs called the "bull-pen." In case one is not just sure what  a "bull-pen" may be — it was where patrons of the bar went or  were carried after imbibing too freely-  39 Xionet €.    "Daytor,   1880-1962  Born at Athlone in Ireland in a tremendous thunderstorm.  The superstitious Irish nurse said, "This baby will surely shake  the world." It is problematical whether this ever happened but  Mr. Taylor was a prominent botanist and as a horticulturist was  widely acknowledged as a leader of the fruit industry.  As president of the British Columbia Fruit Growers'  Association in the early days  he did an immense amount  of work in organizing the  Co-operative movement  which has been such a benefit to the fruit growers of  British Columbia.  As a member of the  Canadian Horticultural Council and both the Canadian  and British Chambers of  Agriculture, his assistance  and advice was always  Lionel E. Taylor greatly appreciated.  In 1911 Mr. Taylor formed the Bankhead Orchard Co. Ltd.  to take over a large area of land and the young orchard planted  by his brother-in-law Capt. T. W. Stirling, R.N. Out of this small  beginning grew the famous Bankhead Orchard of which Mr.  Taylor was president and director for 51 years-  He was a close friend of Field Marshall Ian Smuts, who was  another famous botanist. In later years Mr. Taylor made six expeditions to South Africa collecting plant specimens for various  universities in Canada and the U.S.A., and travelled extensively  through the deserts of "The Great Thirst Land" — Namaqualand  and the Karroo in South Africa.  In his early life, for ten years Mr. Taylor was in the Government Forest Service of the Cape and the Transvaal and was  largely responsible for the reforestation of suitable areas in  these provinces.  After leaving Kelowna he made his headquarters on his  property at Saanichton on Vancouver Island but always retained  a lively interest in the Okanagan and Bankhead Orchard.  40 ~J5outh   Kjkanaaan j  ioneerd   Reunion  By KATHLEEN STUART DEWDNEY  History was made and re-made — by historians — when  South Okanagan settlers of half a century gathered under the  auspices of the Penticton Branch of the Okanagan Historical  Society at a memorable Pioneers' Reunion.  The event, held on August 2-3-4, 1962, in conjunction with  the Penticton Peach Festival Association, brought together more  than 400 pioneers of "jubilee" standing, some coming from distant parts.  The sole qualification was residence in South Okanagan—  Penticton, Summerland, Naramata, Kaleden or Okanagan Falls  —in 1912 or earlier. Invitations were sent out to more than 900  known to be living in various parts of Canada and the United  States. In addition to the 400 attending, replies were received  from many more, expressing regret at being unable to come in  person to the first event of its kind, but assuring they were there  in spirit.  OLD HOTEL REGISTER  On the desk at the registration booth set up in the Penticton Memorial Arena was an old register cabinet from the Naramata Hotel which opened about July, 1910. The manufacturer's  tag, still intact, revealed that the cabinet was leased by the  Northwestern Register Co. of Winnipeg, Manitoba, under contract to the hotel.  The top panel provided an inkwell, penholder, and thumb-  bell to summon the clerk. On either side, glass-enclosed panels  displayed attractively colored advertisements of the Naramata  district.  PARLOR OF 1912  Adjoining the registration booth and fronted by a white  picket fence was a replica of a parlor of 1912, done in wallpaper of the period, and with old-time furnishings- There  were sepia-toned reproductions of paintings and prints then  fashionable; two framed photographs—one of a man with heavy  41 South Okanagan Pioneers' Reunion  mutton-chop beard, and the other one of his wife with leg-of-mutton sleeves; and two genuine daguerreotypes.  And, of course, there was the inevitable Sampler, moralizing, "Don't wait for your ship to come in. Row out to meet it."  Furnishings were authentic period pieces. A pair of beautifully embroidered wine-colored wool drapes on a heavy brass  rod guarded the entrance, with matching wool rug on the floor.  There was a tapestry—upholstered sofa with matching chairs  of Victorian dignity, and two comfortable rocking chairs.  On an ornately carved walnut table was a telephone of  the time, with outsize dial, one of the earliest dial system instruments; a lamp with a fringed glass shade; and a big, well-  used Bible, with glasses attached by a string. There was a  marble mantle clock, and a phonograph, with the well-known  monster horn, on a custom-built table with record shelf,  An aspidistra plant in a brass jardiniere on a tall stand  added a final touch of antique atmosphere.  OPEN HOUSE  After registering the old-timers with their spouses were free  to wander at will, enjoying the attractions of the Peach Festival.  In their honor was arranged daily a pioneer Open House in the  Queen's Park School opposite the Arena, where, over refresh-  42 South Okanagan Pioneers' Reunion  Garden   party   held   in   Penticton,   August   3,   1962,   for   the   pioneers.  Among the distinguished guests were His Honor G. R. Pearkes, V.C.,  Lieut-Governor of B.C., Mrs. Pearkes and party.  ments they reminisced with old friends, and caught up with the  news on others. An added attraction was the showing of old  photographs, projected on a screen.  On Thursday afternoon early events of Penticton and its  pioneers were reviewed by Reg. N. Atkinson and in the evening  S. R. Cannings further covered the Penticton scene. Summer-  land's turn came Friday evening, with A. J. Dunsdon, commentator; on Saturday afternoon Naramata, Okanagan Falls  and Kaleden, with J.  V.  H.  Wilson;  and  Penticton  Saturday  GARDEN PARTY  A special event was the Garden Party held on Friday afternoon on the lakeshore beside the S.S. Sicamous, once a luxurious stern-wheeler, and now a pioneer museum.  Among the distinguished guests were His Honor, General G.  R. Pearkes, V.C., Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia and  Mrs. Pearkes, of Victoria; Commander J. Bruce Smith, A.D.C. and  43 South Okanagan Pioneers' Reunion  Committee in charge of program for the Pioneers' Reunion, Penticton,  August 2, 3, 4, 1962. J. G. Harris, Mrs. H. Whitaker, Mrs. £ G. Harris,  Mre. Francis Steuart, Mrs. H. Davis, Mrs. D. Orr, Mrs. W. R. Dewdney Mr. V. Wilson, Mr. J. Dunsdon, Mr. H. O. Rorke, Mrs. C. G.  Bennett. Captain J. B. Weeks, treasurer, not shown.  Mrs. Smith, of Kelowna; and Mayor and Mrs. M. P. Finnerty of  Penticton.  Pioneers and guests were welcomed on behalf of the Historical Society by Mr. and Mrs. J. V. H. Wilson, Mr. and Mrs.  J. G. Harris, R. N. Atkinson, Mrs. C. G. Bennett, Mrs. W. R. Dewdney, Mrs. H. V. Davis, Mrs. Hecter Whitaker, Mrs D. P. O'Connell and Mrs. lohn Burgess.  His Honor and party mingled among the old-timers, as enthusiastic as any.  Refreshments were served by Sandra Wilson, Mary Harris,  Elizabeth Cannings, Janet Munro, Gwen Dunsdon, Linda Munro,  Elaine Dunsdon, and Patricia McCutcheon, grand-daughters of  pioneers.  A tour of the museum, conducted by R. N. Atkinson, curator,  followed.  The success of the happily-inspired event was evident in  the glow on every face, and emphasized by expressions of  thanks both spoken and written—typified in a letter from Mrs.  M. E. Weeks of Penticton, now in her 90th year, who enjoyed  the fete in reunion with three of the daughters she had brought  to Penticton in March,  1907—Mrs. A. L.  Hilscher of Seattle,  44 South Okanagan Pioneers' Reunion  Wash.; Mrs. Aleck McDonald of Oliver, and Mrs. George McDonald of Penticton.  Members of the committee in charge of arrangements were:  President, J. V. H. Wilson; Secretary, Mrs. W. R. Dewdney;  Chairman, J. G. Harris, R. N. Atkinson; Summerland: A J. Dunsdon, Mrs. Donald Orr, Mrs. Frances Steuart; Registration, Mrs.  H. V. Davis; Social: Mrs. C. G. Bennett, Mrs. W. R. Dewdney,  Mrs. Hector Whitaker, Mrs- H. V. Davis, Mrs. D. P. O'Connell,  Mrs. Jack Burgess; Open House at Queen's Park School: Mrs.  J. G. Harris, Mrs. H. O. Rorke, Mrs. E. A. Titchmarsh; Transportation: H. O. Rorke, H. V. Davis, Captain, E. A. Titchmarsh; Publicity, N. L. Barlee.  (15lack   11fountain Settle  lemenl  By ARTHUR W. GRAY  Most prominent feature of the range of hills that forms the  eastern background of the city of Kelowna, is dome-shaped  Black Mountain. Not a high mountain, just 4,200 feet, it's "double  hump" formation and the break in the skyline where Mission  Creek runs its course from the plateau, cause Black Mountain  to stand out conspicuously.  Known to the Indians, according to the late Frank Buckland,  as "Sin-skil-u-tin", the place of arrowheads, "Arrowhead Mountain" might have been more appropriate name for it, but the  early pioneers were not often interested in Indian names and  translations. Short, simple descriptive names were their choices,  resulting in a multiplicity of similar place names, to plague future map-makers! To prospectors and trappers who roamed  around it, and miners who washed for gold in the gravel of  Mission Creek below, its bare black rocks, and dark shale sides  on the West and South, the dark timbered Northern slopes, and  with the deep black soil around its base, it just naturally became "Black Mountain". New maps show it now as "Black  Knight Mountain", and there is a "Black Knight" TV receiver,  that picks up Spokane broadcasts from the top of it, and "pipe"  the programmes to Kelowna residents, and a "Black Knight"  45 Black Mountain Settlement  Ski Bowl, on the Northern slope, but old names die hard and to  most folks in Kelowna and district and all old timers, it is still  "Black Mountain"!  Early settlers in the Okanagan Mission valley left the mountain and the lands around it undisturbed, making their homes  along the lower reaches of Mission and Mill Creeks and on the  lakeshore, and by 1893 most of the land there was farmed, or  pre-empted. On June 27th of that year, a group of Americans, in  covered wagons, arrived at Osoyoos.  Many immigrants have come into the valley over the years,  but possibly this is the only group that came in this truly western style, via a "covered wagon" train! F. M. Buckland, in "Ogopogo Vigil", set the date as 1892 but Mrs. Lacey established the  correct date with information from the Customs records, published in the 1958 Report (O.H.S. 22, P. 32). The names given there  are W. H. Rice, Daniel Prather, A. Howard, J. J. Rice, George  McLurr, A. J. Sproule, P. T. Brown, and J. Clark. Their destination  was the Okanagan Mission valley, but on arrival at Penticton  they found roads beyond were inadequate for their mode of  transportation so they loaded everything on the S.S. Aberdeen,  and in due course landed at the infant town of Kelowna.  They established themselves on pre-emptions around the  base of Black Mountain and along the mountain side to the  North. Not all of those listed at Osoyoos settled there. There is  no record of a Howard or a J. J. Rice family locating, but there  were others not in that list who came individually, like Jim  McClure and his family. Originally from Missouri, these families had located on the borders of Idaho and Washington, near  the towns of Lewiston, Idaho, and Clarkston, Wash., on opposite sides of the Snake River. These towns, incidentally, were  named after the explorers Lewis and Clark, who travelled that  way in 1805. Not all of the group that settled there came to  Canada, many relatives of these settlers still live in that area.  One family preceded all the other in coming to Canada.  That was John J. McClure and his wife, who left the settlement  in Idaho in 1888, moved first to Dakota, where he herded sheep  for a year, and then moved North to Canada, arriving in Calgary in 1889, where a son, Harry, was born. From this son, now  74 years of age but looking much younger, and still a resident  46 Black Mountain Settlement  in Kelowna, much of the information in this article has been  obtained, or if already known, checked for verification.  John McClure moved to Vernon in 1890 and took up land  in White Valley. A French Canadian neighbor named Bessett  owned 320 acres in the Mission Valley area and persuaded  McClure to trade his White Valley property for this in 1893. The  new location was the northeast quarter of Sec. 23, Twp 26, and  the northwest quarter of Sec. 24, the first named being flat land  and the other hillside. It was waterless then, and some of it very  stony. Today the northeast corner of the property is right in the  centre of the Rutland village, Gordon's BA Service being located there, with Schneider's Grocery and other businesses  alongside. The hillside, and most of the flat that is not being  subdivided into building lots, is in orchard, including the Hart-  man, Ivens, Basran and others.  The McClures lived in a small flat-roofed house at the foot  of the hill, below the present Hartman house. Harry McClure  was only 4 years old at that time and cannot be sure whether  his father induced the new settlers to come to the district, or  whether he was prompted to trade his White Valley farm to be  near his kin, but in view of the fact that the group came in as  a body, and seemed to have a definite idea where they were  going, it is most likely that John McClure had spied out the promised land! P. T. (Prior) Brown, located south of the McClures, on  part of what is now known as the Belgo, and John's brother, Jim  McClure (not in the list of June 27th settlers), pre-empted land  closer to the mountain at the junction of Joe Rich and Gallagher  Roads. He farmed the land that later became the heart and  centre of Joe Casorso's "Black Mountain Cattle Co", and sheep  operations.  Further up, on the southwest slope of the mountain, the  Prathers located on Eight Mile Creek. A tributary creek there  is still shown today as Prather Creek. The land was black and  rich, and the vegetables produced were huge, and fine hay  crops still come from the farm, known today as the Pyman  Ranch. There is some confusion regarding Prather's first name,  which illustrates some of the difficulties met with in historical  research. The custom record gives the name of Daniel Prather  as coming in with the wagon train. Harry Hobbs' article on  "First Half Century of Rutland Schools" (O.H.S. 15-1951) gives  47 Black Mountain Settlement  it as "Henry Prather," while the Winfield Centennial book  "Early Days of Winfield" gives it as "Bruce" Prather. Harry  McClure states that this latter name is correct, and the only  name he ever heard given to him. On the north side of the  mountain, leremiah Clark, usually known by his nick-name  "Cap," located a pre-emption near the present Ski-Bowl and built  a cabin about a half mile north of there, known today as "Mun-  son's cabin," for a later owner. Furthest north was W. Henry  Rice, who pre-empted what later became the Tom Hereron  ranch, and until just recently was farmed by Walter Stranaghan.  (The assessed value of these properties today would exceed half  a million dollars!)  These are all the settlers in that area that are known to  have come from Idaho. There was a Drennan family located on  the present "Belgo Bench," but it is uncertain whether they  were members of this group of pioneer immigrants. "Bob"  Sproul, one of those listed by the customs, did not, apparently,  go in for homesteading, for early in the century we find that he  and his brother Sam went into the orchard business immediately north of John McClure's place, and each of them built substantial homes, which are still in use today. Of the other dwellings, only Prior Brown's house is still intact. Alex Bell occupies  the house and owns part of what was Brown's pre-emption. A.  W. Dalgleish added to the house when he owned the property  in the early twenties.  To some people, the locations chosen by some of the  settlers seem out-of-the-way even now, but to these pioneers  from the foothills of Idaho, the locations had many advantages,  and no doubt they felt quite at home. They had range for their  cattle and horses, trees for shade in summer and shelter in  winter, firewood in plenty, trees from which to make rail fences,  logs for buildings, springs, little, creeks and small lakes for  water, and plenty of fish and game for the larder. They did  not farm a great deal of land, just enough for hay for the  stock, and vegetables for the house. Often in summer the  rains would fall along the hills, and grass would grow amongst  the trees, but down below the benches and flats would be  baked brown. Irrigation would come to change all that but that  was only in its infancy then.  Prior Brown and John McClure, whose lands were partly  48 Black Mountain Settlement  Mr. and Mrs. John J. McClure  on the dry flats, turned to irrigation by force of necessity and  they went a long way to get it. They ran a ditch from Prather  Creek around the bottom of the shale slides of Black Mountain  and into a small lake. From the end of the lake they ran another  ditch to Gopher Creek (normally dry in summer then) and ran  the water down the creek-bed to their farms, Prior Brown's place  being right where the creek debouched onto the flats. What with  washouts, gophers, and Lequime's cattle breaking down the  ditches, Harry McClure says that they had a tough time getting  water enough to grow hay and a garden. The distance the  water was brought is over six miles. The two pioneer farmers  might be considered as the proqenitor of the Belgo-Canadian  Land Company's system, for in later years they followed almost  the same route, but used syphon and took water from the  larger Eight Mile Creek, but using Gopher Creek as part of  the delivery system.  49 Black Mountain Settlement  The roads in those early days were few and primitive.  They wandered around the hills to find the easiest grades for  the horses. The two main roads were the one to Eight Mile, which  followed what we now call the Belgo Road, then along the  Lewis Road, and then following the present Joe Rich Road to  Eight Mile, the end of the road at that time. The other was ihe  road to "Cap" Clark's pre-emption, which followed much the  same route as the present Ski-Bowl road, but branched off below  it to the left to reach the cabin along much the same route as  a present day logging road. Trails ran north from there to  Rice's, and southeast behind Black Mountain to the Prather  place. Logging roads are today located in much the same  places as these old trails.  Time soon came when the need for a school arose. The  Benvoulin school was too far for most, so in 1896 a log school-  house was built by volunteer labor, and a Miss Annie Fenton  engaged as a teacher. The teacher boarded with the John McClure family, and Harry was one of the pupils, having reached his 7th birthday at the time. Attending this school, thouah  not all at the opening, some being too young then, were the  following children of the Black Mountain settlers: Katie, Hattie,  Pearl, Paul and Rome Rice; Bert, Ira, Frank and Alice McClure  (children of Mr. and Mrs. Jim McClure); Louis, Archie, Perry,  and Freda Clark; Albert, George, Billy and Nellie Brown; Iva  and Orva Prather; Harry and Lorraine McClure (lohn McClure's  children). Miss Fenton was later succeeded by Mr. Fred Watson,  who taught for a year, to be followed by E. Clement, who drove  back and forth from Kelowna in horse and buggy. In 1898 the  site of the school was changed to the "flats," with more of the  pupils coming from there, and a frame school building was  erected near where the old aeroplane hanger now stands on  the Eutin property. It was not a log building, as stated in Mr.  Hobbs' story. Mrs. Frank Mawhinney correctly describes it as  a frame building in her article "Black Mountain School Days"  (O.H.S. 12). Harry says that his earliest recollection of the Rutland flats is seeing waving fields of wheat, and remembers his  father's pigs causing trouble by constantly getting out and  damaging the grain.  The early pioneer settlers did not stay permanently in the  Black Mountain district. Some sold or traded their places, a few  50 Black Mountain Settlement  Prior Brown's first home, built in 1893, now a barn on Alex Bell's farm.  abandoned them, or lost them through family misfortune, like  John McClure, whose wife was seriously ill for several years,  underwent operations, and later died in the Vernon Hospital in  1897. Weighted down by debts, John's farm went to pay his  accounts. "Cap" Clark who had probably the poorest location, was the first to go, moving to Winfield and locating on  the Beaver Lake road about 1899. John McClure joined him  there a year later, as did Bruce Prather. This family eventually  went to Prince George, and the son Orva, attended the Rutland  "Old Timers" banquet in Centennial year, making the trip all  the way down to meet old friends. Most of the Rice family moved  back to the States, and dependents live near Bellingham. Family troubles broke up the Jim McClure and the Prior Brown  homes, the men going to the U.S., but Mrs. McClure married  George McCurdy, and raised two families, his by his former  wife, and her own.  Mrs. Prior Brown farmed for a while with the help of her  older boys, and then moved to Kelowna, with the younger  members of the family, and operated a nursing home for Dr.  Boyce, in the house now occupied by Art Shelley, on Bertram  Street. There were no stores on Bernard in front of it then, and  PB&ICT0N htgh school mm Black Mountain Settlement  the house fronted Bernard. Rome Rice, son of Henry Rice, lived  in Winfield until recently. Descendents of the Clarks still live  in the valley, and two grandsons of Jim McClure reside in the  Kelowna district, Harold McClure of Okanagan Mission, and  Claude McClure in Kelowna. Quite a number of the second  generation went back to the States also.  In 1908 a petition was sent to Ottawa for the granting of a  post office for the district. Writer of the original letter requesting it was Sam Sproul, and his suggested name for the post  office was "Blackmountain," which he wrote that way, all  as one word. There were alternative suggestions of "Pine  Grove," "Ellison," after the provincial member of that day,  and also "Bellevue," which was Sproul's name for his own  farm. The petition contained forty-three names, and amongst  them there were only R. f. Sproule, W. H. Rice, his son R. S.  Rice, George McClure (a bachelor brother of the other McClure's  who had never homesteaded) and a William R. Brown, son of  Prior Brown, who could be counted as belonging to the original  Black Mountain settlement. One other, J. S. McLelland, was  connected by marriage, having married Alice McClure, Jim  McClure's daughter, and had taken up his own pre-emption on  the south bank of Mission Creek, George McClure, incidentally,  got married, late in life and finally took up a homestead, at  Rattlesnake Point.  "Black Mountain" continued to be the name of the School  District for many years, and is still perpetuated in the present  Black Mountain School, a one-room elementary school near  the junction of the Gallagher Road with the Joe Rich Road.  The school is part of the Rutland School district, and takes  pupils for Grades I to III only, from Joe Rich Valley and Black  Mountain, the higher grades going by the Joe Rich bus to  Rutland.  Sam Sproul's petition for a post office was granted by the  authorities, but the post office was called "Black Mountain."  nor by any of the other names he suggested. The name of  "Rutland" was chosen instead, and for what reason? Well,  that is another story!  52 C^ai'iu.  f-^ioneer  ^hraS   ^/rrm   -Artnputcited  By JAMES E. JAMIESON  Conditions were primitive in the early pioneer days of the  North Okanagan, and people had to be hardy to survive. This  was all the more evident in some of the incidents that happened,  and with medical help at such great distances, only the hardiest  survived.  One of the most striking illustrations was the threshing accident at Lansdowne in which Herman Witcher, first pre-emptor  of land in what is now Spallumcheen Municipality, lost his arm.  The courage of the victim was shared by the man who amputated his arm and saved his life—Robert Lambly. Mr. Lambly,  who resided at Lambly's Landing (later to become Enderby), as  a lad travelled around considerably with a cousin, a practicing  surgeon. When the accident occurred on Mr. Witcher's farm  near Lansdowne on October 9, 1880, Witcher's arm catching in  the gearing of the threshing machine and being torn off above  the elbow, Mr. Lambly was sent for and begged to undertake  the amputation of the arm above the elbow as there was no  doctor nearer than the coast. Mr. Lambly realized that amputation was the only means of saving the victim's life, the arm being  terribly lacerated and torn.  Recording the incident, Mr. Lambly said, "It was a desperate case and I had no tools but a pocket knife and a meat  saw ... by dint of tying up everything I found that was not  muscle or flesh I succeeded in catching up the arteries and stopping the flow of blood. The agony which Mr. Witcher endured  must have been terrible, but he bore it with a stoical courage  and endurance beyond praise. The operation was performed  without anaesthetic and the only ligature I had was cotton thread  and a small quantity of carbolic acid for an antiseptic. Despite  these disadvantages the operation was successful and Herman  made a good recovery-"  Mr. Witcher was an uncle of Mrs. Charles J. Patten who still  resides in Armstrong, and she recalls that Mr. Witcher lived for  many years following the amputation of his arm. The meat saw  used in this unique operation is still in use, owned by Frank  Young of Armstrong, son of another early pioneer the late Benjamin Franklin Young.  53 ^rather J^at  We don't go much on parsons,  Here in the mining belt  'Tween Rossland and the Similkameen;  But there was one we felt  A most uncommon likin' for—  You take my word for that:—  The latch-string hung outside each door  For good friend Father Pat.  He wore the Church of England brand,  But didn't bank on creeds,  His way to hearts was not with words,  But helpful lovin' deeds.  Though we were hard to work upon,—■  Not readily enticed—-  We called him the first Christian  That ever lived — since Christ.  He never peeked at keyholes,  Nor fought the cigarette;  He never frowned on lager beer,  Nor games of chance — and yet,  I think that if there is a place  Where good souls get their dues,  They'll find room there for Father Pat  'Fore preachers you might choose.  He never built no churches,  Nor learned to primp or pose;  His shoes were red and dusty,  And he never wore good clothes;  His manners were just 'Christian.'—  Becomin' meek and mild,  And he loved each rough-neck miner  Like a mother loves her child.  If one of us was ailin'  He'd take his pack and hike  To that cabin in the mountains  Where illness chanced to strike,  And he never thought of leavin'  Till all was right and well:—  54 Father Pat  And that's why most us miners won't  Meet Father Pat in hell.  He died, we built a monument  At Rossland, on the hill,  And many sun-burned prospectors  Chipped in to pay the bill;  And when I look upon it  A great big tear-drop starts  But it's nothing to the monument  He built within our hearts.  The Prospector.  +  —Xr  ^Jrlbute   to    fr/rd.  -Arnnle  oLouide  ^J\nowiei  By GLADYS E. HERBERT  Mrs. Annie Louise Knowles, aged 81, wife of the late James  Bacon Knowles, passed away at Prince Charles Lodge, Kelowna, on October 31, 1961. Six months previous to her decease,  Mrs. Knowles had suffered a stroke and was confined in Kelowna General Hospital for many weeks. When she was released  from hospital, it was no longer possible for her to care for her  Lakeside home at Manhattan Drive, so arrangements were made  for her to be cared for at Prince Charles Lodge. Mrs. Knowles  knew this house so well, as she had been a frequent guest  there, when it was the home of David Lloyd - lones and family.  Mrs. Knowles was born in Mount Denson, Nova Scotia, and  was married to Mr. Knowles in Revelstoke, in February, 1906.  During the previous year, 1905, Mr. Knowles had established  Kelowna's first jewellery store, in the block where the Old -English Fish and Chips Shop now stands. He went to Revelstoke to  claim his bride and bring her to their new home in Kelowna.  This lady shared her husband's interests in the store, keeping  the books as well as various other duties.  The late Mrs. Knowles, active in many community affairs  over the years, was both president and later secretary of the  Women's Hospital Auxiliary, some thirty years ago. She was  also president of the Golf Club during the same era. In more  recent years,  her interests were  largely with the  Okanagan  55 A Tribute to Mrs. Annie Louise Knowles  Annie Louise Knowles  Historical Society and the Business and Professional Women's  Club. She was Archivist for this Club for some ten years before  her death.  For some four years of her active life, Mrs. Knowles was  on the Board of Directors of the Okanagan Historical Society.  Her husband and Mr. Frank Buckland were instrumental in getting archives collected for the local Museum, and from 1949 to  1955, Mr. Knowles was President of the Okanagan Historical  Society. The 1955 Year Book of this Society was dedicated to  his memory. It was most natural that Mrs. Knowles should follow her husband's interests in this organization, and in 1959  she accepted the office of Secretary-Treasurer. By 1960, however, she found it necessary to curtail responsibilities, and was  Treasurer only, until the 1961 Annual Meeting. Illness rendered  it impossible for her to be present at this meeting and her resignation was accepted with regret.  56 Uernon    Ulnited  (church  Editor's note: The article that follows is the result of long and  arduous research on the part of the author in an attempt to bring  into focus the whole history of the Un'ted Church in the north  Okanagan. It begins with the early days of the Presbyterian Church  and the Methodist Church and their development up to the time of union  in 1925 which marked the beginning of the United Church in Canada.  His story then goes on to unfold the history of the United Church up .o  the present day.  Mr. Bagnall's story is, lengthy and definitive and in order to avoid  repetition the first part, the early history of the Presbyterian Church  will be found in OHS Report No. 17 at page 125.  To follow here will be the history of the Methodist Church and io  follow in the next report will be the third part dealing with the union  of the two into the United Church of Canada.  By GUY P. BAGNALL  St.   Andrew's   Presbyterian   and  Vernon   Methodist   Churches  In Review  We have endeavored to fill in some of the missing parts in  the published records of these two churches. The St. Andrew's  story you will have read in the preceding pages, while the  Methodist is to follow. This latter is largely a compilation from  the work of many authors, written for special occasions, and  now supplemented by our first hand knowledge of events as  they passed across the spectrum of by-gone years.  We have gleaned a picture, however defectively it may be  portrayed here, which has never been presented as an integrated historical record; and in doing this we have endeavored to  cover the earliest days of these two churches, leading up to the  times of local church union in 1929. From there we tell of the  work of the special committee on local church union and then  set forth something of the great organization, called the United  Church of Canada, including the role, or part, now being played  by the Trinity United Church, Vernon, in the ecclesiastical domain.  If the reader finds little of philosophy and still less of theology in these lines, it is because neither of these subjects appeals  to the writer as of paramount value in an article such as this.  Yet, if it were not for these very subjects, the story would be unnecessary. Philosphy is an art, and here it could be used to  reason the need for religious beliefs, following which should  come the adjustment of the human mind to the theology and doc-  57 Vernon United Church  trines set forth by the Church, so they may become acceptable  to the people, this is well covered in the writings of learned and  versatile men, available elsewhere to all who wish to read .hem.  We will touch briefly upon the Church's missionery program  overseas because the Christian Church through an agonizing  experience in China, which shook to its foundations, the foreign  missionary enterprise inherited by The United Church of  Canada in that land.  Concerning the number of Missionaries who were in China  and had to be withdrawn when the Communists took over —  "In 1947 there were 76 missionary personnel in West China;  28 in North China and 6 in South China. By 1952 there were 16  left in West China and none elsewhere, and by 1953, 106 persons had returned from China over a period of several years."  There can be no doubt but that The United Church of  Canada recoiled from its commitment in China, then quietly reformed its ranks, refitted, retrained its missionary personnel, and  set about at once to marshall all its resources to meet the surging forces of evil on a world front — undismayed, valiant,  strong, and obedient to the voice of God — tolerant and cooperative in a great forward movement — "Like a mighty army  moves the Church of God."  PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH UNDER DIFFERENT NAMES  The Presbyterian cause in Vernon began in 1875 with  preaching services. The local church, built by W. F. Cameron,  was dedicated in 1892. From there on the roots went down deeper and deeper. From the minute book of Session, page one, we  extract the following — "On Thursday, Fifth day of January in  the year of our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Ninety  Nine (1899) at the hour of Ten (10) o'clock in the evening, the  Session of First Presbyterian Church met and was constituted  by prayer by the Moderator, Rev. Geo. A. Wilson. Present, Rev.  G. A. Wilson and Messrs. T. Crowell and S. A. Muir. "In October  of the year of our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Ninety  Seven (1897) the Session records of First Presbyterian Church,  Vernon, British Columbia, were destroyed by fire which occured  at the office of the Clerk of Session, Mr. J. A. McKelvie. This  occurrence was reported to Presbytery in March of the year  One Thousand Eight Hundred and Ninety Eight (1898) and it  58 Vernon United Church  was the instruction of the Presbytery to the Session to place in  the new book of records as much information regarding the  early history of the congregation as could be secured."  "In accordance with this injunction, it is agreed that the  following historical note be considered sufficient and is also  attested as correct."  Under date of 22nd October, 1897, "Mr. Andrew Duncan and  Mrs. Andrew Duncan were received by certificate from Benvoulin." The Duncans had come from Scotland with Lord and Lady  Aberdeen and lived on their ranch at Benvoulin from where  they moved to Vernon. Mr. Duncan passed away in 1906 and  Mrs. Duncan died August 9th, 1950.  Another minute, dated 23rd June 1907, being an extract  from Presbytery of Kamloops minutes of 27th, February, 1907 —-  "It was agreed that Presbytery ratify the action of the Congregation of Vernon in changing the name of the Congregation  from "First" to "St. Andrew's."  We take one final extraction from the Session minutes dated  "27th, May 1918, J. G. French was appointed Clerk of the Session."  THE METHODIST CHURCH IN ACTION  Three routine activities marked the growth of Vernon Methodist Church, namely, its Sunday School, its young peoples  work and its church choir. The Sunday School had always been  regarded as large and well staffed, it would take too much  space to tell of all the superintendents, officers and teachers  who labored therein so faithfully. Mention should be made of  the Sunday School orchestra. Mark Phillips was its first leader  and he brought it to a state of high proficiency, affording much  enjoyment to the lovers of good music.  Another feature of this Sunday School was the adult Bible  class, it was a bond which bound the interest of older people  to the welfare of the young. Often the adult class was called  upon at short notice to supply a teacher for a class of boys or  girls in the Sunday School- The Sunday School organized an  annual picnic, the success of which was never in doubt. Then,  come Christmas, and Mr. Chas. Wylie would train the children  in the rendering of a cantata. It was a real refresher to see the  59 Vernon United Church  sparkle in the eyes of the children, complimenting the tinsel  and ornamentations on the Christmas tree. These were always  joyous occasions, and enrich the memories of young and old  alike — they are never quite forgotten.  The young people's work was carried on in the early days  with the same vigor and enterprise which marks this department today: throughout the changing seasons of the year, the  young people followed through with inside and outside activities. Parties in the home were customary during the winter  months, sleighing parties when the snow was. deep, and in the  frosty air skating. In the spring hiking, games; and in the summer picnics with sports. The spiritual aspect of life did not fall  into neglect, the young people took it in their stride. There was  some serious thinking too. Literature, life drama and music all  had place in the busy days of fifty and sixty years ago. The  beckoning call for participation in greater and bigger things  was heeded by many of the group, and their answer to the lawful demands of mankind, served as an incentive to those who  remained behind. It was so, on an intensified scale, when their  throbbing pulse beat a still faster tattoo, when they learned that  Canada was at war. The Methodist Church is rightly proud of  those who sprang, in the enthusiasm of youth, to serve their  country on the ramparts of freedom. Their names are inscribed  in bronze upon a beautiful memorial plaque within the portals of  Trinity United Church, and it compliments a similar plaque  commemorating the services of a large number of members of  the Presbyterian domination who likewise served their country  with  honor-  The young people's work grew so fast, after the turn of the  century, that larger accommodation became a necessity. Already organized under the title of Epworth League, these young  people took their problem to the minister, Dr. Osterhout, telling  him they were prepared to build an addition to the church;  permission was secured from the trustees and the young people  went through with the project, constructing a church parlor and  several class rooms. This addition was put on the north end of  the church building. It had little to commend it from an architectural point of view but for utility purposes, it proved its value  a thousand times over.  The adult Bible class was definitely a part of the Sunday  60 Vernon United Church  School, it was comprised of a dignified group of church members  given to the discussion of moral behavior as much as it was to  the edifying principles of Christianity. Attendance was well  sustained. A succession of earnest Christian leaders led the  group in its studies. Its success was likely due to the fact that  there were not the counter attractions to church activities in  earlier days as currently beset our path.  Turning to the more formal church services, we find the  morning service of worship had an aurora of its own, attendance  was slim at times and many things were done to induce a larger  morning turnout. About the year 1913, Number 2 Troop of Boy  Scouts, which had its headquarters at the church, were led by  their Scout Master to seats in the front pews.. It was an impressive procedure, one which continued up to the outbreak of the  Great War in 1914. This should not be confused with the annual  parades which appear to have supplanted the regular weekly  attendance at church by Boy Scouts.  A relic of the 1900's, is the class meeting held immediately  following divine service, Sunday morning. Mr. Chas. E. Mohr  was leader of this group. It may have been an inopportune time  for such a meeting, for human nature, being what it is, the tendency was to' discuss the sermon, so recently delivered by the  minister. It lingered a while and passed.  Those church members whose memories can go far enough,  will recall that John Wesley instituted the "Class Meeting," and  every member of the Methodist Church had his or her name  inscribed on the roll of one of these classes — for instruction,  fellowship and mutual help.  Over the years, it can be said that the Vernon Congregation  was blessed in having the services of distinguished and devout  men to fill the Vernon pastorate who, by their forthright preaching of the gospel, their intimacy and sympathy with members in  their varying distresses, in sickness and death itself invoked a  lasting friendship. These men performed their offices in a manner which endeared them, not only to the membership but the  community at large. Their names are remembered for the good  they have done. "Their name liveth for everyone."  The evening service at the Methodist, always less formal  than the morning affair, took on the aspect of a community meet-  61 Vernon United Church  ing; instrumental and vocal music was a feature, and where the  minister had the gift, as many had, of platform eloquence, the  opportunity was present for the elaboration of a theme which  would grace a much larger church. It was not uncommon to  find the auditorium, including the gallery, packed to its utmost  limit. To a greater extent than now, the young men who had  grown up in the community remained here, work was found  for them. The community was growing and what industry we  had was expanding. Since those early days the tendency has  been for business to concentrate in larger units, geographically  situated with a view to securing benefits from lower transportation costs and improved facilities. This has been to the disadvantage of this area because every young man who leaves his  home here to seek employment elsewhere takes with him his  contribution to the gross national product and we lose, but some  other community benefits.  The choir of the Methodist Church was led, for a time, by  Will Cryderman, and his daughter, Miss Hilda Cryderman, recalls that when her father would sing a solo in church, it was  not uncommon to see his eldest daughter, Ethel, aged 3 years,  standing by his side, holding his hand.  In the year 1922 Mrs. Daniel Day, later to become Mrs.  Stephen Temple, "was engaged as choir leader. Soon her abilities as director of music became apparent, the choir expanded  to fifty voices, and the long list of awards won in competitions  brought wide acclaim to Mrs. Temple. She continued as director  of music until her retirement a few years ago, due to advancing  age. The organist of St. Andrew's became organist of what is now  Trinity United Church. Mrs. C. W. Gaunt-Stevenson, A.T.C.M.,  has given an excellent rendition of sacred music, whether in  anthem work or for congregational singing, she has aimed to  get the best out of the pipes which lie concealed in this massive  instrument.  There is a happy link between All Saints Anglican Church  and the Vernon Methodist, and it came about in this way. It  appears vandals had set fire to the Anglican Church on September 8th, 1931, when it was reduced to "a mass of charred  ruins." Right Reverend Bishop A. H. Soverign, MA, DD, FRGS,  tells of it in his booklet "A Tree Grows in Vernon," in which he  62 Vernon United Church  Edward  Best,   M.D.  Rev. Allan C. Pound, M.A., M.Th.  Percy S. Tennant, M.D.  63 Vernon United Church  states "Thanks to the great kindness of the United Church, the  congregation was granted the privilege of using the former  Methodist Church as a place of worship." The arrangement continued until the restored and enlarged All Saints' (Anglican)  Church was ready for use, about one year later.  MISSIONARY ZEAL  The Methodist Church was definitely a missionary church,  its overseas operation being, by and large, centred in China.  The Vernon Congregation was imbued with this missionary  zeal and it should come as no surprise to record a list of names  of local church members, who volunteered their services, which  were accepted for the foreign field —  Ed Best, M. D-  Reverend Allan C. Pound, M.A., M.Th.  Percy Tennant, M.D.  Each of these Vernon men put in a long term of missionary  service in China. In honoring them, as we do, we also bring  honor to the church which produced them.  A PRECURSOR OF CHURCH UNION  Long before Church Union materialized there were suggestions for co-operation between churches across the country.  Vernon became interested in negotiations betweet the two  churches, where economies could be achieved. There were discussions and certain arrangements were entered into at the  time of the Great War, then followed a plan for closing down of  services in one church during the summer vacation period. The  clergy alternated their vacation periods and the plan worked  well.  We digress here to pick up a few extracts from the Minutes  of the Methodist Quarterly Official Board- This one is dated  May 3rd, 1897. Present: Bros. Harris, Mohr, Dawson, Latimer,  Glover, Pound and Cryderman.  Receipts for the year as shown by the quarter, thus ■—  First Quarter $101.35  Second Quarter 82.65  Third Quarter 102.45  Fourth Quarter 125.85        $412.30  The balance on hand from 1896 was $3.65, and the balance  64 Vernon United Church  on hand May 1st, 1897, $11.90. The total Church membership 74.  At that time Bro. Sparling's licence as a local preacher was  renewed. These minutes were signed by "S. J. Thompson,"  Supt. and "W. A. Cryderman", Recording Secretary. Sparling  resigned from the Quarterly Official Board, August 7th, 1900, as  he was going to Vancouver to live.  November 5, 1902, the matter of installing electric light in  the church was discussed. February 10, 1903, authority was  given for sale of the gas plant for $50.00. "J. W. Bowering,"  minister. In 1910, the church was free of debt. Minutes of May  30th, 1906, records the resignation of F. H. Latimer, as he had  moved to Penticton, to reside. Note: some years later Mr. Latimer, who was a professional engineer, assumed duties of Engineer in charge of the South Okanagan Irrigation Project for  the provincial government, with headquarters at Oliver, B.C.  In 1906 the Methodist Church was enlarged by the erection  of an entry with storm proof doors and a gallery at the south  end, at a cost of $600.00. Several years later, in Dr. Osterhout's  time, another addition was made, to provide a church parlor  and class rooms, plus a small kitchen. This was never large  enough and caused many embarrasments to those who used it.  When Brother Sparling was leaving Vernon, there were  many regrets. He had been principal at the brick school in  Poison Park, since used for manual training. He was a highly  respected citizen and was recipient of a mantle clock, (china,  white with blue trim), as he took his leave.  The ingenuity of the young people showed itself when they  created a turntable on the platform which extended from the  auditorium into the church parlor at the north end of the building.  The advantage of this contrivance was that the piano could be  made to front in either direction; it saved the cost of a second  instrument.  HISTORICAL DATES RELATING TO THE VERNON  METHODIST CHURCH  A Mission of the Methodist Church was first established by  the Reverend lames Turner, then a resident of Kamloops, prior  to 1891- As early as 1873 Mr. Turner had conducted services  in Kamloops, B.C.   Reverend ]. P. Hicks, Resident Missionary at  65 Vernon United Church  Enderby, B.C., conducted  services at Vernon, and in  the homes of the people  variously located in the  North Okanagan.  Reverend Thos. Nev-  ill, 1892-1893, was the first  Resident Missionary at  Vernon, and during his  pastorate the Church acquired property on Tronson Street, where the first  Methodist Church was  built.  Reverend J. A. Wood,  1893-1895.  Reverend S. J. Thompson, 1895-1898.  Reverend      Ebenezer  Reverend James Turner Robson, D.D.,  1898-1900.  Reverend J. P. Westman, 1900-1902, during whose term the  parsonage was built and occupied.   Subsequently Mr. Westman  was elected President of the B.C. Methodist Conference,  1923-  1924.  Reverend J. W. Bowering, 1902-1903.  Reverend A. C. Courtice, D.D., 1903-1904, nine months only.  Retired due to ill health.  Reverend James Turner supplied for three months in 1904.  Reverend J. H. Wright, 1904-1907.  Vernon Church became a self supporting charge in 1905.  Extension of Church building (south end) completed 1906.  Methodist Conference for British Columbia held in Vernon  1907.  Reverend S. S. Osterhout, Ph.D., 1907-1910.  Celebration of  15th Anniversary of local Methodist church  held 1908.  Extension of Church building (north end) completed during  Dr. Osterhout's term.  Reverend John Robson, 1910-1911.  Reverend William Elliott, 1912-1914.  66 Vernon United Church  Reverend William Vance, 1914-1916.  Reverend Thomas Keyworth,  1916-1918.  Reverend George W. Dean, 1918-1921.  Reverend W. B. Willan, D.D., 1921-1925.  (Federal) Union of Methodist, Presbyterian and Congregational Churches became effective throughout Canada and Newfoundland,   June,   1925.  Reverend G. G. Hacker, 1925-1928.  (Local) Union of St. Andrew's United Church and Central  United Church consumated 1929.  CHURCH MORTGAGES  The first mortgage was for $1,000.00 to defray balance of  church building cost.  1894 •— Mortgage refinanced through Provincial Building  and Loan Assn. at 10 4/5% on amortization scheme, payable at  $15.00 per month, which ran until 1911, approximately.  1911 — Mortgage for construction of parsonage, $7,000.00  at 8%, being a consolidation of mortgages.  1924 — New consolidation of mortgages for $3,500.00.  First Trustees — Frank H. Latimer, Chas. Mohr, William R.  Robertson, Henry John Hoidge, William Courtice Pound, Edwin  Harris.  1911 Trustees — John W. Glover, John Speer, W. C. Pound,  George Woods, Robert E. Tennant, Charles Mohr, Richard V.  Clement.  1912 Trustees—lohn Speer, W. C. Pound, Robert E. Tennant,  Herbert E. Caims, William Walton.  1924 Trustees — Robert N. Clerke, John Speer, W. C. Pound,  George Woods, Robert E. Tennant.  EARLY ARRIVALS  Among the first arrivals in Vernon, and who identified  themselves with the Methodist Church were the following: Mr.  and Mrs. W. C. Pound (1891), Mr. and Mrs. F. B. Jacques (1891),  Edwin Harris (1892), Mr. and Mrs. R. E. Tennant (1899), Mrs. C.  E. Mohr (1892), George Woods (1894).  LOCAL PREACHERS  One cannot write much history of the Methodist Church before the local preacher impinges upon the sceme.  The local  preacher was instituted by John Wesley and the system circles  the globe today. It is an integral element of the Methodist organ-  67 Vernon United Church  ization. Men are usually sought out because of their fitness for  the work. They became subject to Church disciplines, and what  is even more rigid to self-discipline. These dedicated men are  required to give generously of their time and effort, reading  widely, preparing sermons, and carrying their message to all  the appointments within the "circuit", which covered a wide  area.  It was a year round personal service to be performed in all  seasons, through storm and calm and without compensation.  It was a demanding vocation.  A glimpse at the record for 1908-1909, during the pastorate  of Doctor S. S. Osterhout, reveals the list of local preachers  under licence at that time: Mark Phillips, Thomas H. Wilson,  Robert W. Ley, George Calder, Sr., Allan C. Pound, M.A., M.Th.,  R. V. Clement, LL.B.  These men along with those who preceded them and those  who came after, made a notable contribution to the church life  of their day. They injected into the ministry a freshness in point  of view, an awareness of urgency, in their message, which appealed to many of their listeners by whom they are remembered  with gratitude. Without a doubt their ministry of the Word of God  was richly blessed.  Vernon was headquarters for a Methodist Circuit, the appointments were subject to change, where sickness and pressing  private engagements intervened; but in general terms the following places were supplied from Vernon, Okanagan Landing,  Oyama, Okanagan Centre, Coldstream, Commonage, Lumby,  Falkland, Lavington, sometimes Enderby, Armstrong and Hul-  car.  Often these services came at the end of a long saddle horse  ride. If a man could ride and preach he was a real acquisition,  the saddle horse being faster and less expensive than a horse  and buggy.  QUARTERLY OFFICIAL BOARD  A little earlier we referred to the Quarterly Official Board,  the governing body of the local Methodist Church. The resident  minister was chairman, all preachers were ex-officio members  and all  church organizations were presumed to send repre-  68 Vernon United Church  sentatives to the meetings. There was a procedure for the  election of Society (or congregational) representatives. Appended below are the names of the Society Representatives of some  fifty years ago:  W. A. Cryderman, A. G. Maddock, Mrs. C. F. Pound, J. W.  Glover, Wm. Skinner, W. J. Walton, J. H. Hunter, W. C. Pound,  J. C. Robson, Geo. Woods, W. A. Bagnall, Mrs. Geo. Woods,  Chas. E. Mohr, J. Speer — only the last named survives.  The normal pastorate of a Methodist minister was three  years, and where the church was not self-sustaining, it was customary for Conference to move the incumbent at the end of one  or two years; with the changeover to a self-supporting status,  the three year term became customary, and Vernon slipped into  the three year term with ease. Later came an incumbent who,  upon invitation, remained for four years. Still later Reverend  W. B. Willan was invited and remained to complete a five year  term. Mr. Willan was recognized as a man of many gifts, he became president of British Columbia Conference, and had the  honorary degree of Doctor of Divinity conferred upon him.  In the year 1891 the country south of Sicamous was without a Methodist place of worship. During that year Reverend J.  P. Hicks, subsequently editor of the Western Methodist Recorder  of Victoria, B.C., conducted services in Vernon and in private  homes between Vernon and Enderby, the latter place being his  headquarters.  In 1892 Vernon was rated as a Mission in the Conference  of British Columbia and the Reverend Thomas Neville became  its pastor. Often Mr. Neville would preach in Vernon in the  morning and in the evening in Kelowna, not an easy assignment when it is recalled the distance between these towns was  then 35 miles, over a narrow road, with steep pitches and the  means of transportation was by horse and buggy, or saddle  horse.  Although incorporated as a city in 1892, Vernon was no  more than a village of some three or four hundred population,  yet they were sturdy souls, for in 1893 Vernon could report to the  B.C. Conference that a. church had been built and opened for  the worship of God. The official opening took place with Reverend Dr. Carman, General Superintendent of the Methodist  Church officiating.  69 Vernon United Church  Reverend J. A. Wood now became the minister in charge  and remained for two years. In 1895 Reverend S. J. Thompson  assumed charge of the Mission. It was during his pastorate that  plans were made for construction of a parsonage, this, however,  did not materialize until Reverend J. P. Westman took over. Mr.  Thompson was succeeded by Reverend Ebenezer Robson, D.D.,  who was also pastor for two years.  Doctor Robson was the first president of B.C. Methodism  (1887-1888). Next in line of ministers to serve the church in Vernon was the Reverend J. P. Westman. Reverend J. W, Bowering,  B.A., arrived from the Manitoba Conference to succeed Mr. West-  man, who retired at the end of one year, to be followed by Reverend Dr. Andrew Courtice- This gifted man, with attractive personality, spent only nine months in his new field, when ill health  necessitated his retirement. His untimely death followed in 1908.  The remaining three months of his term were filled in by  Reverend lames Turner, who at the time was superintendent of  Japanese and Chinese Missions in the B.C. Conference. Turner  was widely known throughout the province and he became  president of the Conference. This honor was also bestowed upon  two other ministers who served at Vernon, J. A. Wood and S.  J. Thompson.  The Conference of 1904 appointed Reverend I. H. Wright to  the Vernon pastorate. Up to this time the Vernon charge had  been supported largely by contributions from the Missionary  Society and with an increasing membership, it was felt the time  was ripe for it to become a self-supporting church.  It was during Mr. Wright's pastorate ■— in 1907 — that the  B.C. Conference was convened in Vernon. Population then was  between 1,600 and 2,000. Only twice in history has the Church  Conference been held in the interior. Once in Kamloops and  once in Vernon. The local church nobly did its part and many  were the expressions of satisfaction for the arrangements made  and for the hospitality of the community.  Doctor S. S. Osterhout followed Mr. Wright, who moved to  Kelowna. Dr. Ousterhout had a very successful pastorate, his  kindly disposition and his keen sense of humor enriched the  relationship between minister and congregation members. The  church flourished at this time. Attendance at Sunday services  70 Vernon United Church  reached a high peak. There were many expressions of regret  when this Man of God moved to another field.  The war years were difficult years for the Methodist Church  in Vernon yet the cause prospered. Elsewhere, we pay tribute  to the men who volunteered their services to the Crown and  Canada. It became a solemn ritual to read at church services  the names of those inscribed on the Church Honor Roll. Pervading the community was an intense patriotism along with  an emotional tenseness which caused a goodly number of  citizens to turn to the Church for consolation when deep distress  assailed them.  At a meeting of the Camp Hurlburt Association, Sunday,  June 17, 1962, Reg Merriman of Kelowna, chairman, Mrs. A. S.  Hurlburt, Vernon, gave a historic sketch of the young people's  camping experience for 20 years, 1921 - 1941, when she stated  the camp site on the shore of Okanagan Lake was acquired an  1931 by the late Mr. A. S. Hurlburt, who advanced the necessary  funds to buy it from the late Mr. Leckie Ewing. Mr. Hurlburt was  later reimbursed by the Church, and the property was developed.  Between the years 1921 and 1941, the campers were without equipment, and only girls were catered to. Years later, the  camp has been available for boys as well. Hurlburt Camp is  serving a much wider field than formerly and issues a prospectus for three camps for girls and three for boys, grading according to age. The enrolment for the current year has been approximately 300. The camp is fully organized with directors,  camp mothers, nurses, cooks, etc. Safety methods are practiced  and the children are insured while in camp.  Each of the two uniting churches had its own missionary society and a ladies' aid. These were merged and new names adopted: Women's Association, and Women's Missionary Society.  Then in 1961 a further change was made—the three groups  amalgamated, to become: United Church Women. The honor  of presiding over this large grouping was entrusted to Mrs. K.  W. Kinnard, a long time active church worker.  We are now ready to take the final look at Vernon United  Church for this name like its many predecessors is shortly to go  into the discard.  71 ^Jhe dSaSdett S^>toru  By ELLEN ARNOTT  My father, James Bassett, was born January, 1824, in Kent,  England. As a young man he migrated to the United States,  married and had three children. When the children were quite  young his wife died.  Father must have been a descendant of the British explorers  of Elizabethan times for distant fields always looked greener  and opportunity beckoned from afar.  After his wife's death, he and the children journeyed to  Australia settling in Port Adelaide. There he met Eliza Cox, born  1840, they were married in 1868. Soon after they moved to  Melbourne where they lived for five or six years. Their first  child, Augustus Toplady, was born in Melbourne in 1869.  It was not long before the wanderlust again attacked father and he decided to cross the Pacific once more, to settle in  California. Arriving there things must have looked grim to my  poor mother who had never had to cook or keep house, now  she had all this to cope with plus three step-children and Top  who was just four years old and another son, Richard, born in  September, 1873. But she was game and set about making a  home, not to enjoy it for long for father decided to move io  Western Oregon where a third son, Frederick, was born in 1877.  Now another move, to Spokane, Washington. Henry was  born here in 1879. After a short stay in Spokane father took up  land in what was called "the Egypt Country" about four miles  from Fort Spokane. This was a beautiful place, 45 acres of rolling land, the log house on high ground, an orchard on the slope  and below fields of grain and grass land where cattle and horses  grazed. I was born there in 1885. For a few years we were  happy and prosperous but all too soon hard times hit the country, wheat was only 15c a bushel and there was practically no  market for cattle and other produce. Father visioned prosperity in another land far, far away so we took off for Jimenez,  Costa Rica, South America, where he hoped to make his fortune  growing coffee and bananas. But our stay in this strange country-  was to be short for tragedy struck. Father fell ill and died suddenly leaving mother with the children in a foreign land, where  72 The Bassett Story  language and customs were so different. It was obvious that a  return to the North must be made. After some difficulty and three  weeks quarantine for yellow fever we journeyed back to Washington State. The boys decided to join their half-brother, Jim, in  Trail, B.C., where he had a business hauling freight to the mines  in Rossland.   Mother and I remained in Washington.  In the spring of 1897 Jim transferred his business to Penticton, the mines at Camp McKinney and Fairview and Greenwood  were booming and there was much freight to be carried from  the landing on Okanagan Lake.  In 1899 Top, Richard and Fred bought their own freight outfits and moved to Okanagan Falls where Mother and I joined  them.  Nowadays when we think of freighting we see large diesel  trucks and trailers hauling tons of goods over graded and paved roads, hundreds of miles in a few hours. In 1897 to early  1900 things were very different, teams of 4-8 horses pulled loaded wagons over narrow dirt roads cut throught the bush with  little or no regard for easy curves or grades. In winter sleighs  were used, easier going at times but really tough when the snow  was deep or drifted. My brothers with their teams hauled supplies, groceries, drygoods, hardware and machinery, etc., to  Fairview, Camp McKinney and Greenwood in all weathers.  Fred told me of one trip to McKinney over the old road, it had  rained for several days, the road got worse and worse, finally  the wagons bogged down and could not be moved for three  days, the drivers having to sleep under the wagons.  When Fairview and McKinney closed down there was  freighting to Hedley and the Nickel Plate. My brothers freighted much of the machinery for Nickel Plate over the old road  which branched off Green Mountain road not far from Allen  Grove. Anyone who drove up that old road will realize the  difficulty encountered in hauling huge boilers weighing tons  up those steep hills and round the hairpin curves.  In 1908 mother died after a long illness, I continued to keep  house for the boys. With the advent of the railroad heavy  freighting became a thing of the past, Richard, married to Margaret McLellan, daughter of another pioneer, decided to remain  in Okanagan Falls. Top and I too, remained for a time but mov-  73 The Bassett Story  ed to Penticton in 1917, Top going to work for Fred who had  established a livery and trucking business which he carried on  until his death in 1955. Top died in Penticton in 1933. In 1919  I married Warwick Arnott, also a pioneer in the valley whose  story remains to be told.  So ends the story of the Bassett family. A story typical of  those hardy souls whose courage and fortitude developed our  beautiful valley.  ^Jhe IKocku   I lllountain r\a  ?u   11>louniain r^anaerd  1898- 1944  A Short History  By TERENCE B. UPTON  Allied with The Green Howards (Alexandra, Princess of  Wales's Own Yorkshire Regiment)  Regimental  March:   "St.   Patrick's  Day."  Motto: Kloshe Nanitch  The First World War, 1914 - 1918—  "Arras,  1917,  '18",  "Hill 70",  "Ypres,  1917"  "Amiens",  "Hindenburg Line,"   "Valenciennes."  (Battle  Honours approved  for  emblazonment  are  italics.)  Perpetuates the 172nd Batallion, Canadian Expeditionary  Forces, 1914-1919.  Headquarters: Kamloops, B.C.  During the last decade of the nineteenth century the scattered Whites of British Columbia's Interior were much concerned  that they were greatly outnumbered by Indians. In the mining districts of the Kootenays there was always threat of labour  troubles, and an inadequate law enforcement force. In case of  war with the United States — not such a remote eventuality in  those days — there was literally nothing to prevent almost  immediate disruption of the vital rail link of the C.P.R. Therefore, in response to repeated representations from residents of  ' 74 Rocky Mountain Rangers  British Columbia's interior, the government authorized the formation of five independent rifle companies, with effect July  1st, 1898.  These independent companies were at Rossland, Nelson,  Kamloops, Kaslo and Revelstoke. They were at first known as  the Rossland Rifle Company, the Nelson Rifle Company, etc.  There was also authorization for a company at Vernon but  this was disbanded the following year without, so far as is  known, ever having existed except on paper.  These independent companies were authorized to be named Rocky Mountain Rangers with effect January 1st, 1900, but  they were still independent companies.  Rifle Companies were not large in those days, consisting  of from one to three officers and about forty enlisted men —  not much more than a platoon by modern standards — but  they compensated for the fewness of their number with their  enthusiasm. The pay was negligible and the Militia Private  received 12 days pay a year at 50 cents per day, one night's  drill counting for half a day. In many cases, the men signed  for their annual pay without ever seeing it. They turned it over  to their Company Funds to be used for necessary equipment  or for social activities. The officers financed many of the Company's endeavours from their own pockets.  The Government of that day balked and quibbled at every  expenditure, and in some cases it was years before the local  force was reimbursed for monies expended on such items as  the construction of rifle ranges, or rent of storage buildings for  their arms and equipment. The mention of equipment prompts  the remark that the Rossland Company, the Number One  Company of the five, had a Maxim Gun and also a Bugle Band.  The men worked hard and played hard. The companies  as much resembled exclusive men's clubs as groups of soldiers,  and as long as the companies had enthusiastic officers and  non-commissioned officers they did not lack for strength.  The Quartermaster's department has not changed so much  in nearly three quarters of a century as you can see from this  extract from the Nelson Tribune of May, 1899, "As the order  for the uniforms was based on the dimensions of Private Thom-  75 Rocky Mountain Rangers  son, the small men of the company had considerable difficulty  in getting clothes to fit them."  Much of the credit of the drive leading to the establishment  of the rifle companies goes to Judge Forin, then of Rossland,  father of the Colonel J. D. Forin who later commanded the Seaforth Highlanders of Canada for a period during World War II,  and to Captain P. McL. Forin, his nephew, the first commander  of the Rossland Company.  Captain J. R. Vicars commanded the Kamloops Company  from 1899 onwards, and the Regiment from February, 1912, till  his retirement in 1925.  The head of the Rocky Mountain bighorn ram was used  as the badge emblem from about the time of the authorization  of the companies, and the Motto, "Kloshe Nanitch," from the  Chinook jargon, meaning "Good Lookout" originated at the  same time and is believed to have been the suggestion of A.  M. Whitehead, Q.C, then of Rossland and later of Vancouver.  Now in digress for a while, we must discuss the origin of  the name, Rocky Mountain Rangers. There was a mounted force  of that name, authorized and raised in Southern Alberta in  March of 1885, which served till the fall of the same year during  the short - lived second Riel Rebellion. It has been claimed,  therefore, that the existence of the present unit dates back to  1885. However, it has not been possible to establish any such  connection. The original force of Rocky Mountain Rangers was  disbanded in the fall of 1885, and it is almost certain that the  name, becoming available for re-use, was requested by the  independent companies and given to them. The 1885 Rocky  Mountain Rangers, as an early South Alberta Militia Unit is  perpetuated by the South Alberta Horse, (29th Armoured Regiment), and the authorization dated 1932.  Therefore, until some connection between the two units  can definitely be established ■—■ and this seems unlikely —  the present regiment can date back only to the date of the  authorization of the Regiment itself, which was in 1908, or to  the formation of the independent companies in 1898.  It can be noted here that, while the Rocky Mountain  Rangers have been granted seniority only to the date of the  formation of the  Regiment  in  1908,   another regiment of the  76 Rocky Mountain Rangers  Canadian Militia in British Columbia, the British Columbia  Horse, (later the British Columbia Dragoons), was granted  seniority to the date of the formation of its independent  squadrons.  The companies continued to be quite independent until  persistent needling of the Government by Capt. W. J. H.  Holmes, then Company Commander at Kaslo, aided by W. A.  Galliher, M.P. for Nelson and himself a former Ranger, resulted in the amalgamation, as of April 1st, 1908, of the three  Kootenay companies and one additional company, newly raised  at Nelson. This amalgamation became the four-company regiment designated, "102nd Regiment." It was not until lune 1st,  1909, that the two remaining independent companies at Kamloops and Revelstoke were absorbed to form a six-company  regiment now designated, "102nd Regiment, Rocky Mountain  Rangers," and with Headquarters at Nelson.  The first Commanding Officer of the 102nd Regiment was  Lt. Col. W. J. H. Holmes, an R.M.C. Honors Graduate, and later  to be awarded the D.S.O. in World War I. Colonel Holmes was  an able officer and was liked by his officers and men. Shortly  after his appointment as Commanding Officer, in October 1909,  his father, Colonel J. G. Holmes, who had been District Officer  Commanding Military District No. 11, on two separate occasions  (1883-1894 and again 1901-1910), was appointed as Honourary  Colonel of the new regiment.  The uniform during this early period was distinctive. For  dress purposes the headdress was a black felt hat, 5 inches  high in the crown, with rim three inches wide, and banded by  a dark green puggaree with a red line. The rim of the hat was  turned up on the left side and fastened by the badge. For  undress purposes a Field Service Cap was worn. The frock  coat, as it was then called, was rifle green in colour, and with  black buttons. Aiguillettes of black cord were worn on the left  shoulder by the officers. Trousers were also rifle green to  match.  In 1911, the District Officer Commanding ordered the Rocky  Mountain Rangers to attend summer training camp at Kamloops,  and this caused great consternation. It was felt that the men  and officers could not leave in such force for a two week period  77 Rocky Mountain Rangers  without practically paralyzing the towns concerned, nor could  the majority of the men afford to lose two weeks pay which  would in no way be compensated by the Militia pay while at  camp. Colonel Holmes and his men contended that the unit  was a city regiment and as such, was not compelled by regulations to attend camp, while the D.O.C. insisted that it was a  rural regiment and must therefore attend. The D.O.C. would  not change his order, so the officers, as a body, threatened to  resign. The future of the Regiment appeared somewhat uncertain at this point, but after much correspondence, and pressure  from the local Member of Parliament, Ottawa was persuaded  to request the D.O.C. to postpone for a year the order regarding  camp attendance, and the immediate danger passed.  An independent infantry company organized at Armstrong  on June 1st, 1908, was absorbed into the now seven company  regiment as of March 1st,  1912.  During the early months of 1912, the Regiment, or perhaps more particularly the Kootenay companies, was dissatisfied with more than just the lack of consideration in the matter  of camp attendance. No pay had been received for drills undergone in 1910, and the new D.O.C. contended that the Regiment  had not qualified for pay. In September 1909, Militia uniforms  had been ordered changed from the rifle green to khaki, but  even by 1911 few men had complete uniforms. The regiment  felt that the matter of camp attendance was just the last straw,  and even though this particular difficulty was temporarily  averted, it was still deeply resentful of the treatment it was receiving. This dissatisfaction culminated in the report in the  Nelson Daily News, of May 11, 1911, that the two Nelson Companies had resigned in a body and it was expected that the  other companies would do the same.  Evidently five companies resigned, but the official disband-  ment of the Rossland, two Nelson, Kaslo and Revelstoke companies was dated May 1st, 1912, a year later. There were now  only two companies left in the Regiment, Kamloops and Armstrong.  On September 3rd, 1912, headquarters of the Regiment  was moved to Kamloops and Lt. Col. J. R. Vicars became the  second commanding officer, with his appointment dated back  to February 16th, 1912.  78 Rocky Mountain Rangers  Also on September 3rd, 1912, two new companies were  authorized, a second at Kamloops and a re-established company  at Revelstoke.  The war clouds were now beginning to gather in Europe  and the effects were clearly to be seen, even in British Columbia. In November, 1913, a new company was formed at Kelowna  and during 1914 the Regiment was increased to eight companies with a company at Salmon Arm (16 Mar 14), one at Vernon  (15 Sep 14) and one at Penticton (15 Dec 14).  The Regiment was placed on Active Service on August  10th, 1914, for local protective duties. This meant the placement of guard detachments on the main railroad bridges of  the C.P.R. During this early period of the First Great War, volunteers were requested for the 1st Canadian Contingent, but  just as only ten were taken in 1900 after a similar call for  Boer War volunteers, so only a few were taken for the 7th  Battalion on its formation in September, 1914.  As an interesting flashback to show just how the Militia  was treated in those days, here is an extract from the Kelowna  Courier dated June 4th, 1914; and is from the Report on E Company at their first camp in Vernon:  "Second day's operation . . . returning from an exercise . . .  About three miles from camp the weather . . . broke, and rain  came down in torrents, drenching the men to the skin long  before camp was reached. They kept up their good spirits, however, and sang as they marched, and passers-by, especially  young ladies, were subjected to a rapid fire of chaff.  "Arriving in camp about an hour before noon, the men  looked forward to a hot meal, but to their disappointment no  rations were issued till evening, the supply department holding  that rations sufficient for breakfast and lunch had been issued  at the bivouac . . . this stingy policy was much criticised.  "Another example of petty meanness was given by the  attempt to withold rations for the following morning, on the  ground that Thursday was covered by a subsistence allowances granted to troops for meals in transit to and from training  camps . . . However, double rations were issued Wednesday  evening and the difficulty was overcome."  79 Rocky Mountain Rangers  On January 6th, 1916, Lt. Col. Vicars was ordered to commence recruiting for the 172nd Battalion, which eventually  sailed for England on October 25th, 1916. The 102nd Regiment  remained in existence, on paper at least, for the balance of the  war years.  From England the 172nd Battalion was broken up to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field, as  follows:  7th   Battalion        23  29th   Battalion         18  47th Battalion     211  54th Battalion       188  72nd Battalion     242  2nd C.M.R   120  802  Effective  March  15,   1920, the Regiment was reorganized  on a four company basis and redesignated:  The Rocky Mountain Rangers  1st Battalion (172nd Bn C.E.F.)  Reserve Battalion  The Regiment was awarded the following Battle Honours, by virtue of its contribution of men to the Battalions concerned: "Arras, 1917, '18.", "Hill 70", "Ypres, 1917",  "Amiens", "Hindenburg Line", "Valenciennes". The Battle  Honours approved for emblazonment on the Regimental Colours are in italics. The Regimental Colors hang in St. Paul's  Cathedral Church in Kamloops.  As at March 1st, 1922, companies of the Rocky Mountain  Rangers were located as follows:—  "HQ" Kamloops  "A" Kamloops  "B" Salmon Arm  "C" Armstrong  "D" Kelowna  In August 1928, "D" Company was removed from Kelowna  and relocated at Revelstoke. In December  1936,  "HQ"  Com- Rocky Mountain Rangers  pany was located at Salmon Arm. As at August 1939, companies were:—  Regimental Headquarters      Kamloops  "Headquarters Company" Salmon Arm  "A" Company      Kamloops  "B" Company   Salmon Arm  "C" Company    Armstrong  "D" Company   Revelstoke  The years 1920 to 1939 were lean years for the Militia.  Appropriations were meagre and public interest at a low ebb.  Only the determination of its officers and men kept the units  alive. The Rocky Mountain Rangers owed much to the unfailing  interest of Lt. Col. J. R. Vicars till his retirement and to Lt. Col.  J. E. Wood who took over the command in 1931.  On August 26th, 1939, details of the Regiment were again  called to Active Service for local protection duties. Detachments  were sent to Red Pass lunction, Cisco, Lytton, and Prince George,  to guard the railway bridges. History seemed to be repeating  itself.  The guard duties were gradually taken over by the Royal  Canadian Mounted Police.  During November and December, 1939, drafts of men left  the Rangers for the Seaforth Highlanders, The Canadian Scottish, The Westminster Regiment and the Duke of Connaught's  Own Rifles. By December 31st, the Battalion was down to a  strength of eleven officers and sixty other ranks, and it reverted  to Non Permanent Active Militia status.  During the next few months the status and establishment  of the Rocky Mountain Rangers was changed many times, but  finally on lune 21st, 1940, the battalion was ordered to mobilize to full wartime establishment. The strength was then eight  officers and eighty one other ranks. A month later unit strength  was up to 25 officers and 565 other ranks, and camps were  located at Kamloops, Salmon Arm and Revelstoke.  The War Diary for September 7th, 1940, notes that Ross  rifles were issued to the men just in time to be recalled for  return to Ordnance, and on September 9th, "Two motor cycles  arrived today . . . The fact that the accompanying manuals  were printed in French caused some difficulty."  81 Rocky Mountain Rangers  On October 2nd the battalion entrained for the move to  New Westminster where, after settling in, intensive training was  undertaken for the balance of that winter. On February 19th,  1940, the battalion moved by train to Prince Rupert. With justifiable pride the Adjutant reported, "Three minutes after the  head of our column arrived at the station the train containing  our No. 1 party, 250 all ranks, was moving. No. 2 party needed  only four minutes. The whole entrainment from start to finish  occupying less than ten minutes."  From Prince Rupert, guard detachments were maintained  at Alliford Bay, Dundas, Billmore, the Dry Dock, Fort Frederick  and Barrett.  The battalion left Prince Rupert on July 31st, 1941, and arrived in Kamloops on August 2nd.  While still in Prince Rupert Lt. Col. J. E. Wood had requested permission to march the battalion from Kamloops to Vancouver. The authorities had reluctantly agreed, but with the reservation that the troops were to be moved part of the way by  transport, and that the march would be called off it too much  difficulty was encountered. The Battalion envisaged no difficulty and encountered none; its greatest regret is that the  authorities were too timid to capitalize fully on a fine training  and publicity idea, and did not allow the battalion to march  every foot of the way and right into the city of Vancouver. As  it was, on the completion of that March, the battalion was at  its all - time peak of morale and esprit de corps. Given a few  months training as a single unit it would have ranked among  the best in the Canadian Army. But it was not to be. On August 26th, the battalion was moved to Nanaimo and on August  28th the first men, recruited under the National Resources Mobilization Act, arrived.  For the next year and a half the unit was moved back and  forth between the coastal points; drafts of Active Service personnel were taken for overseas reinforcements and their places  taken by N.R.M.A. men. The morale sank to its wartime low,  though officers and N.C.O.s worked hard to rebuild the unit into  an effective fighting team.  October 14, 1941, saw the battalion back in New Westminster, and on December 12th it was in the Seaforth Armouries.  82 Rocky Mountain Rangers  By March 18th, 1942, it was again in Nanaimo and part of the  13th Canadian Infantry Brigade. In April, 1942, the unit marched  to Victoria, eventually settling in Colwood Camp on May 1st.  From Colwood it supplied company and platoon detachments  at Albert Head, Mary Hill, Christophar Point, Milne's Landing  and Jordan River.  It was at about this time, or perhaps a little earlier, that it  was learned that if the Japanese had not attacked Pearl Harbor as early as they did, the battalion would have been on its  way to Hong Kong or some other point in the Orient. Even knowing what had happened to the Canadian garrison at Hong Kong,  it was heartbreaking to realize that by such a narrow margin  of time was the battalion prevented from seeing action as a  unit, and had the Hong Kong garrison been strengthened by  more units, it is interesting to speculate on the manner in which  the course of the war might have been changed.  In October, 1942, the battalion marched to the Nanaimo tent  camp and became a part of the 18th Cdn. Inf. Bde.  On January 11th, 1943, the battalion commenced marching  to a tent camp at Courtenay where it underwent a Combined  Operations Training Course. The weather was bitterly cold and  on January 20th, with the thermometer registering five degrees  below zero, while the unit was returning from Denman Island in  Naval Landing Craft, there was so much spray that the men  were covered by a quarter inch of ice.  At the end of January the unit moved again, this time by  truck convoy to the newly constructed Hut Camp at Port Alberni,  where is stayed until the end of March when it marched back  to Nanaimo Camp, arriving on April 2nd.  On May 13 the battalion was on the move again, this  time marching back to Courtenay for a second round of the  Combined Operations Training Course, and then returning to  Nanaimo at the end of May.  By lune 12th the unit was undergoing a renovation. The  unfit and overaged were withdrawn and a company of the Edmonton Fusiliers was transferred to the Rangers to take their  place. By June 18th, the War Diary reports that "large numbers  of assorted troops are arriving to swell our Combat Team, in-  83 Rocky Mountain Rangers  eluding units of Light Anti-Aircraft and Field Artillery, R.C.A.-  M.C. and R.C.C.S."  On June 24th, the Rocky Mountain Rangers Combat Team  moved by convoy to Courtenay and for the balance of the  month a strenuous physical conditioning programme was followed, and United States Army equipment and clothing was  issued.  On July 11, 1943, the Rangers entrained for Chemonius.  They embarked on the U.S.S. Perida on July 12th, and sailed  the same day.  The battalion group was part of the 13th Canadian Infantry  Brigade Group, and it in turn was part of the U.S. Army Task  Force 9, destined to the recapture of the Island of Kiska from  the Japanese.  After a practice landing on Great Sitkin Island, the Canadians reembarked, and the entire force sailed from Adak on  August 13th to make an unopposed landing on Kiska on August 16th.  The Rangers suffered one casualty the following day when  Lieut. S. Vessey, formerly of the Brockville Rifles, was killed by  a land mine. It was learned later that 85 land mines were removed from the beach after the battalion had crossed it.  Although the American Reconnaissance planes had been  unable to determine the fact, due to almost continuous fog and  bad weather, the Japanese had been evacuated about two weeks  prior to the landing of the Task Force. For the second time the  Rangers had missed by a hairsbreadth being in action as a unit.  The Canadian units, including the Rangers, spent from three  to four months on the island, the Rangers being the last to leave  on lanuary 12th, 1944. Much of the time on Kiska was spent in  maintaining the necessities of life, but some worthwhile training  was also accomplished. A parade ground was gouged out of  the hillside, on which General Pearkes inspected the Battalion  on November 8th; a firing range was constructed and much  used. However, by the end of November there was a considerable depth of snow which drifted to depths of fifty feet or more  in some of the higher passes and hours of daylight were very  short. Outposts had to be maintained, and as late as December Rocky Mountain Rangers  18th, the entire island force was alerted in expectation of a Japanese attack that did not, of course, materialize.  The Rangers arrived in Vancouver on lanuary 25th, 1944;  proceeded on leave, and reassembled in Vernon on February  28th. In April the news was broken that the battalion was to  proceed overseas as an entity, but all personnel were to be  "Active". Many of the N.R.M.A. personnel volunteered to change  to Active status and by this means, as well as by reinforcement from other units, the Rocky Mountain Rangers were again  an Active Service Regiment by May 1st.  Much bitterness and bad feeling was generated between  "Active Service" and "Home Defence" personnel during this  transition period, the whole of which could have been honourably avoided by a government of courage and vision. The  entire vote-catching business of conscripting men for Home  Defence only was a disgraceful political dodge of which Canada  must always be ashamed.  1 Bn. R.M. Rang., sailed from Halifax on the Empress of  Scotland on May 24th, 1944, arriving at Wathgill Tent Camp,  near Leyburn in Yorkshire, on June 2nd.  It was soon clear that 13 Cdn. Inf. Bde., and the Rangers  with it, was to be broken up as reinforcements for units then  fighting in France, and by the end of June the regiment had lost  more than half its personnel. The officers and N.C-O.s were  retained and for the next five months all were working night  and day giving a refresher course in infantry training to Engineer, Artillery, and other Service personnel remustered from their  original service to Infantry.  In November, 1944, the final blow fell. The Rocky Mountain  Rangers moved from its last camp at Helmsley, near York, to  Aldershot and ceased to exist.  Members of the Regiment fought in nearly every theatre  of war, and many achieved distinction. However, no Battle Honours were awarded reinforcement battalions as they were after  the 1914-18 War, so that members of the 1939-44 battalion must  be content in the knowledge of a job well done. The foundation  for that job of work was well laid during the lean years of the  Non-permanent Active Militia. No praise is to high for those  85 Rocky Mountain Rangers  dedicated, visionary men who worked too hard, from 1920 to  1939 with little or no recognition, to keep alive and glowing the  name of the Rocky Moutain Rangers.  THE ROCKY MOUNTAIN RANGERS  COMMANDING OFFICERS  Lt. Col. W. J. H. Holmes, DSO 4 May 1908-16 Feb. 1912  Lt. Col. J. R. O. Vicars 16 Feb. 1912-28 Jul. 1925  Lt. Col. T. Aldworth 28 Jul. 1925-1 May 1928  Lt. Col. E. Poole, MC 1 May 1928-6 Oct. 1931  Lt. Col. J. E. Wood, VD 6 Oct 1931 - 6 Oct. 1937  Lt. Col. D. O. Vicars, DSO 6 Oct. 1937-17 Mar. 1940  Lt. Col. J. E. Wood, VD 5 June 1940-17 Oct. 1942  Lt. Col. D. B. Holman MC 17 Oct. 1942 - 29 Dec. 1943  Lt. Col. K. W. Maclntyre, DSO 26 Feb. 1944-16 Jan. 1946  Lt. Col. A. J. Duck, ED - 30 Sept. 1946  Lt. Col. H. E. S. Blades, MBE, ED 1 Oct. 1946-1 Ian. 1950  Lt. Col. J. R. Stone, DSO, MC 2 Jan. 1950-13 Aug. 1950  Lt. Col. S. W. Thomson, DSO, MC, CD 18 Aug. 1950-13 July 1953  Lt. Col. J. A. McGowan, ED, CD 14 July 1953-10 Dec. 1957  Major D. A. Hay, CD 11 Dec. 1957 - 1 Dec. 1959C?)  Major F. P. Hawkins  +  SPALLUMCHEEN — "MEETING OF WATERS"  Spallumcheen was the name originally applied to what is  now the Shuswap River at Enderby.  The word Spallumcheen is Indian in origin and signifies in  the Indian language "The meeting of the waters". This refers to  the low lying and easily traversed land adjoining the Columbia  River drainage basin and the Fraser River drainage in what is  now the Municipality of Spallumcheen.  About the time the name was dropped in connection with  the river it was, in 1877, applied to Spallumcheen Indian Reserves No. 1 and No. 2. The next application of the name was,  so far as can be learned, the Post Office at Lansdowne which  curiously enough was "Spallumcheen". Later many other organizations adopted and have made use of the name, including  the Municipality of Spallumcheen organized in the year 1892. ^J\elc  owna  IKidina.  K^lub  By EDITH WEDDELL  Before the advent of the motor car and truck and tractor,  horses were a most necessary part of the development of the  orchard lands and farms of the district. Also they were the only  means of transportation, and some very fine light horses were  brought into the valley.  Unfortunately there were no official reports kept of riding  clubs of the old days in Kelowna, but stories in the local paper  of rides and polo games and gymkhanas can give us a picture  -.,■  ?;-"■■ ' -■:■ :,.".. .. ■      :..  Kelowna's first Race Meet at new track, September, 1906  of the recreational side of life. One old photo taken in 1898  shows a group of riders lined up in a field in Okanagan Mission; the list on the back of the picture has these names: E. M.  Carruthers, E. A. Barneby, W. D. Walker, Harold Stillingfleet,  Hamilton, Fitzmaurice, Church, George Packer, W. Barlee, Griffith, Hobson.  In 1904 a polo game was played on a field near the lake  where the CNR tracks now are- Grand Prairie (now Westwold)  was the opposing team, the umpire was T. C. Kerr, and the Kelowna players were E. M. Carruthers, E. A. Barneby, Harold Stilling fleet and W. Barlee.  First record of organized equestrian sports comes in 1910,  87 ivelowna Riding Club  A gathering of local riders at Guisachan Farm in 1905, assembled for  a paper chase. Some members of the party are identified as Mrs.  Cameron, Sr., in middle foreground side-saddle; Frances Cockburn  Kerr on the Shetland pony; Mrs. Philip Dumoulin in the buggy with  Mr. Dumoulin standing beside; Mrs. Beale (now residing on Abbott  St.); Willie Pease; Mrs. Binger; Mrs. Taylor (formerly Gwen Binger);  and Ian Cameron  (on pony in foreground, bareback).  when the Kelowna Sports Association came into being, and  bought property from the late Dr. B. F. Boyce, south of what is  now the Boyce Gyro Park, on the east side of the road- Newspaper files give this account of a polo match played by the members of this association, the team travelling to Kamloops for the  event on July 15, 1910:  "The match between the Kelowna and Kamloops polo  teams for the Roper Challenge Cup took place on the Kamloops  Club's fine grounds on the Indian Reserve Saturday afternoon.  The game was a fast one from start to finish and the visitors,  by good combination play and the possession of better ponies  than those of the local players, won by a score of 8 to 3. The  following composed the teams: Kelowna, Messrs. Benson (captain), Pyman, Smith and Dr. Richards. Kamloops, W. U. Homfray (captain), W. J. Pearse, L. S. George and G. S. George. This  is the second consecutive time that Kelowna has won the cup,  the team being the same as the one which was successful last  year." The Roper Cup was open to polo teams of British Columbia.  September 12, 1912: "The Polo Club Gymkhana, postponed  from Labor Day on account of rain was held at the Polo Grounds.  Some results were: Ladies' bending race, won by Mrs. W. R.  Pooley. Men's bending race, first, Ian Cameron, second Mr- Map-  88 Kelowna Riding Club  Kelowna Riding Club, 1898  Reading from right to left:  E. M. Carruthers, E. A. Barneby, W. D.  Walker,   Harold  Stillingfleet,   Hamilton,   Fitzmaurice,   Church,   George  Packer, W. Barlee, Griffith and Hobson.  pin. Tennis ball race, won by Miss Binger and A. M. Temple.  L. Casorso won the V.C. race, repeating his win of 1911, second,  A. M. Temple. The postilion race, in which the contestants were  required to lead an extra mount in a race up the field and back  over the hurdles, was won by G. D. (Paddy) Cameron. The potato race was won by L. Casorso, with Ian Cameron second. Winners in the costume race were L. Casorso first, and G. D. Cameron and R. H. Parkinson tied for second. Messrs. G. Mappin and  W. R. Pooley officiated as announcers and starters".  In 1914 the First World War took many of the young men  active in sports, and the Kelowna Sports Association faded  away. The polo grounds reverted to the first owner as financial  obligation could not be met.  After the war, and until the outbreak of the Second World  War, the Okanagan Mission Riding Club flourished with organized rides in the hills above the Mission. Other sports events  and training took place in a field adjacent to the Eldorado  Arms. Some of the driving forces in this organization were Fuller, T. Wadsworth, Basil Loyd, Harry Angle, Arthur Innocent,  H. C. S. Collett and W. Barlee. Training in horsemanship and  jumping, and officiating as judges were Wadsworth, Innocent  and Collett. Like the Kelowna Sports Association, this group was  dispersed by war, the Second World War.  After the conflict, once again riding enthusiasts got together  and formed the Kelowna and District Riding Club, and in 1947  under the presidency of N. Van der Vliet, carried on with horse  89 Kelowna Riding Club  &4J_C-0"Kfti£vvfc.  RACE PROGRAMME  Name o. Hams  Rider or driver  NO. 1  Free For AH  To* ar Pate*  330Q. 00  NO. 2  Running mile, open.  t.50.00  NO. 3  Pony Race '"  Hal. fldile, open  sioo.eo  NO. 4  F_ym___g hag n-3e. '>'  Itoaoo  NO. 5  PonyRyce,  Quarter male dash,  2 m 3  3100.00  NO. 6 «i<  Polo Pony Race, £  Qgarter miie dash /V  loo.oo 4  NO. 7  Green Trot, half mile  2m3  $100.00  NO. 8  Novefay Race,  Tandem  $50.00  NO. 9  Klootchman's Race  $15.00  J. P. Adam*.  Gallant Girl .  Darid Han.ni ..  Bearerd-un I__4.  Bdario   Riot..   Dandy   i_octe   Dfek   Fancy Me.  Noo Such.  Johnnie—  Da rid Harum ..  SeaTtrdam Lad.  DJck   Baldy .. .  Beet   NccSacta.  Kancy.  ..  HuakW .....  Weasel -...  PoHy ......  Fancy Me.  Bob Casey  Maud a. ..  Baskin  S. Crowell.  Dr.   H«_d_rsc_i  W. H. Lysas .  B7 Bards an.  W. E. Welby  B Ortlaad ..  C Blackwood.  Nardase   Mack and * rem 8   Crowell.  V-Young-•  yjUawMdted  Waits, n__aa_-  ib tad ac*l'<  Sadcliffe   J. L. Pridham  Witchle   W. H. Lyons .  licA-ee   Hards**   P   P_i__p« ...  .Jae. Alee*....  J. L Pridha-B  W. R. Pooley  T. C. Kerr ..  G. X. •__--_.  C. __.L. Pyman  R. Raddiffe  W. A. Tooth  J   T. Bertram  S. Crowell  /*M  indite, [  A   Sfc____a.  McAfcee. ...  Luie Bract.  seTt and yeU'>  _.hi»_        «  J. Copeland.  Maixjefio   Nardsae   Irod  Midway .  ..  Armstrong .  Vernon   Golden... .  Kelowna..  Penticton.  Westbank .  Kelowna..  Penticton .  Kelowna. ..  Vsraoo..,.  OoSdee.,..'..  9Mtii__A..  Mack  9t___t  -__  white and vfcTt  B. Carrothwa  T. C. K«T...  G. K. Smith .  W. B. Barlee  JL -tad-US-..  R. BaO   J. T. Bertram  S.Crow_»l  90 Kelowna Riding Club  shows and training. A field at G. D. Cameron's Guisachan Farm  served as headquarters, and an old log building was acquired  from East Kelowna area, dismantled, moved down to the field  and re-assembled as a clubhouse. Club presidents since then  have been: 1947-48, N. Van der Vliet; 1949-50, G. D. Cameron;  1951-1952, Max Berard; 1953, Stan Munson; 1954-55, Dr. C. D-  Newby; 1956, G. D. Cameron; 1957, J. W. (Budge) Barlee; 1958-  59, N. T. Apsey; 1960-61-62, T. R. Carter.  The club prospered and in 1958 it was decided that permanent grounds should be acquired, and plans were made for  reorganization and incorporation under the Societies Act- A  drive for funds facilitated purchase of 10 acres of land two miles  south of the city. On August 17, 1959, it was recorded that all  debts were paid and the club had a clear title to the land. The  name had been shortened to Kelowna Riding Club. The spring  of 1960 saw the first gymkhana held on the club's own property  in preparation for which members put in many hours of volunteer labor in building tie-stalls, box stalls, making a sawdust  jump-ring, and enclosing the main arena with posts and rails.  A building was bought from the construction company responsible for the construction of the Okanagan Lake Bridge,  moved to the grounds, put on foundations and wired for power,  and had an addition of a wide veranda facing the arena added.  This spring the old South Kelowna school building was moved  and added on to the existing club house, so that now there is  adequate accommodation for any activities the club wishes to  provide.  Kelowna Riding Club is one of the three original members  of the Okanagan Light Horse Improvement and Show Association, formed in 1947, the other two being Penticton and Vernon.  This association now has eight member clubs from Kamloops  to Similkameen, and the highlight of the riding season is the  annual gymkhana and horse show staged on Labor Day in  Kelowna, with the Lions Club sponsoring. As many as 200 entries are received for this show from all over the Valley as well  as coast and U.S. points. Kelowna Club members have acquitted  themselves well in horse shows at the coast as well as Calgary,  many members now having horse trailers for transportation of  their mounts — a far cry from the 1890's, when the horse had  to provide his own motive power-  91 ^Jhe S^toru of  J-5t.  Aame5   ^Arnalican   y^nurcn, -mrrmdtrona  By KATE F. CROZIER and REV. J. R. HAGUE  The history of this old-time Church is well written in a neat  little pamphlet, celebrating the Diamond Jubilee, of the building  of the Church at Lansdowne in 1885, for which special services  were held in St. James' on Sunday, July 29th, 1945. Our present  Rector handed me that little book and with his permission the  writer will quote some of the facts therein. Large crowds attended these two services and it is interesting to note that among  those present were Mrs. J. Hamill (now deceased, 1952) and  Mrs. H. A. Fraser (still with us), who were residents of this district over 60 years ago. At the social hour following the Evening Service, the Rector, still our minister, Rev. A. B. Sharpies,  gave a very interesting account of the Church's progress in the  past 60 years, part of which I hope to relate.  The history of the Parish. In 1883 from Kamloops came Rev.  A. J. Shildrick who held services in his home until 1885 when a  small Church was erected by J. Pringle and J. Hamill at Lansdowne, about three miles from the present city of Armstrong,  B.C., in the famous Okanagan Valley. In 1891 the Church was  moved to its present site on Patterson Avenue, Armstrong, by  the late W. P. Horsley and the late H. Harding at a cost of $115.  The church was brought down the Jake Laur hill, steep and  winding, to become an integral part of Armstrong's community  life.  The building was consecrated by the Lord Bishop of the  Diocese of New Westminster on August 9th, 1896, and dedicated  in the name of St. James the Apostle, at the same time he administered the rite of Confirmation to three persons, Grahame  Rosoman, Elizabeth Fletcher, and Ellie May Pelly.  July, 1896, the Okanagan Missionary District was divided  making a separate charge of the part embracing Mara, Enderby,  Grand Prairie and Armstrong, the southern boundary at Larkin railway station. After this division Rev. George Butler arrived on December 14th, 1895. He acted as Incumbent and at  92 The Story of St. James' Anglican Church, Armstrong  the Vestry meeting in April he chose for his warden Cyril Joyce,  the people elected Hugh Wood as People's Warden, John Hamill  and James Wright as Sidesmen for one year.  Ven. E. S. Pentreath, B.D., visited in his capacity as Arch-  dsacon of Columbia, August 27th, 1898. October 29th, 1899, Rev.  C. A. Mount came to the Parish but stayed only a short time for  in October, 1900, he was appointed to New Denver and Slocan  Mission, so we were without a minister in town for fourteen  months. Mr. Cyril Joyce and Mr. Henry Hawkins carried on until  Rev. F. N. Venables, Curate of St. James' Church, Vancouver,  was appointed to this parish in December, 1901. He was ordained to the Priesthood in All Saint's Church, Vernon, August 27,  1902. In 1905 Armstrong requested to be made a separate parish  which was done the next year. The Rev. Venables held his last  service here in Armstrong March 5, 1906, and on March 11th,  Rev. Howard J. King took charge. Rev. Venables lived at Enderby, the headquarters of the Church then and he drove south  to Armstrong about three times a week. In his departure address  he said that "the two parishes will now need the hearty support and the prayers and alms of their respective parishioners to  maintain the new order of things." Rev. H. J. King stayed with  us twelve years as an Incumbent, resigning March 31, 1918. He  and his wife are well remembered by many of us who still live  here (1952) and who knew their family of three boys. Both Rev.  and Mrs. King are now deceased. The late Mrs. King was responsible for forming the first branch of the Woman's Auxiliary  here. I might add that many of us early residents still remember Rev. Venables as well and the pioneers will recall many of  the others.  Once again for nearly a year the parish was without a resident minister but the late Mr. H. Hawkins kindly carried on,  until Febraury 16, 1919, when Rev. R. Alderson was appointed  until he left March 1, 1925, to return to England. For about six  months, several visiting ministers and some local members conducted the services until on Sept. 30, 1925, Rev. L. A. Morrant was  inducted into- this calling. During his charge the Church was  twice enlarged and beautified in many ways and new furnishings were needed because of the extension, all of which can be  seen today, also Hymn books and choir music. Whilst these alterations were in progress the congregation gathered in the old  93 The Story of St. James' Anglican Church, Armstrong  Methodist Church. Rev. Morrant served until August 30, 1931,  moving to Trail where the writer had the pleasure of revisiting  him and his wife and children.  Extensions and improvements to the Church property entailed a considerable expense, which was covered by means of  a mortgage on the property in 1910; then, early in 1931 and in the  presence of a large assembly, Mrs. C. O. Collis, long time active  worker in the women's organizations, put the match to the mortgage, which had been fully discharged.  Many gifts adorn this beautiful sanctuary; the cathedral  glass windows and Honor Rolls of two world wars being of  special interest.  The next two months Rev. M. West, now passed over The  Great Divide, had charge of the work to October 1931, when on  November 18, 1931, Rev. L. J. Tatham came and stayed until July  7, 1940,'after which he had charge of the Summerland Anglican  Church for about a couple of years when he returned to his family home in England. As he is Godfather to the writer's Godson,  now living in Summerland, I still hear from him occasionally.  He still continues his ministry over there. Rev. West again helped out the lapse of time for the rest of July and August until ihe  present Rector arrived on September 1st, 1940, on which date  he held his first service and was inducted into the parish on  September 29, 1940, by the Archbishop of the Diocese. The Rev.  Sharpies is a graduate of St. Chad's College, Regina. Ordained  in 1925, appointed curate of St. Andrews Church, Regina, a year  later he was priested and appointed to the Mission of Delisle,  Saskachewan, where he served for a little over ten years, becoming the Rural Dean of Rosetown, during that time. He left  Delisle to become the Rector and Rural Dean of Humboldt, leaving there in 1940 to come to his present parish, Armstrong, B.C.  Summing up the Incumbents serving our Anglican Church,  St. James', Armstrong, B.C., during the past sixty-seven years  were:  1883-1895 — Rev. E. J. Shildrick  1895-1899 — Rev. G. E. Butler  1899-1900 — Rev. C. A. Mount  1901-1903 — Rev. F. V. Venables  1906-1918 —Rev. H. I. King  94 The Story of St. James Anglican Church, Armstrong  1919-1935 — Rev. R. Alderson  1925-1931 — Rev. L. A. Morrant  1931-1940 — Rev. L. J. Tatham  1940-1954 — Rev. A. B. Sharpies  1954-1955 — Rev. Thomas Chapman  1956-1959 — Rev. C. E. Lonsdale  1959- — Rev. J. R. Hague  The Rev. A. B. Sharpies is buried in Armstrong, service  taken in the church July 28, 1954, with Archdeacon Catchpole  and Rev. L. A. C. Smith officiating. Mrs. Sharpies continued to  live in Armstrong until she died. She is buried in Armstrong,  funeral service taken by Rev. C. E. Lonsdale on February 16,  1957.  Occasional services have been taken by the following:  Rev. C. S. Lutner  Bishop Sovereign  Rev. Desmond Holt  Mr. Page-Brown, who was buried from the church  December 24, 1954, after having been a member of the choir for 33 years, choirmaster for  30 years, and lay reader.  Bishop Clark  Rev. Fred Job  Archbishop Adams  Mr. H. J. Bawtree  Rev. A. R. Lett  Rev. C. E. Reeve  Rev. T. J. Davies  Rev. Robt. W. S. Brown  Rev. A. C. Mackie  Canon A. J. Williams  Rev. George Taylor  Rev. W. S. Beames  Rev. L. J. Tatham, who returned to his former Parish from England, and again took services in  services in the church, August 2, 1959.  79th ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATED: October 9, 1955, with  Bishop Beattie and Bishop Sovereign in attendance.  GIFTS AND IMPROVEMENTS:  Since the gas was piped  95 The Story of St. James' Anglican Church, Armstrong  into Armstrong, gas furnaces have been installed in the church  and parish hall.  New church notice board given by the Girls' Auxiliary, 1961.  Church and rectory painted, 1962.  New hymn books and prayer books provided after the new  prayer book was authorized. These, also, were a gift of the Girls'  Auxiliary.  New green bookmarker given by the Juniors.  New white bookmarker given by Mrs. Page-Brown.  Catering at the Fair is still a major source of revenue. After  the fire at the Drill Hall in 1961, it was necessary to provide all  new dishes for this venture, which was done by the. Catering  Committee.  f   en  licton streets  EDITOR'S NOTE—In this modern day practice of streamlining  and standardizing so many of the aspects, of society something is being  lost. In many niches of business and industry, the individual ha^ become a number, in the telephone book cities and districts are now a  series of number as are the streets and avenues within.  Character and personality are lost in the interests of efficiency  and with them bits of history which are woven into the birth and  growth of a community.  In the three pieces to follow Ruth Schell of Penticton tells something about Penticton streets.  i^armi ~/fvenUe  C^toru  Knowledge of the meaning and origin of "Carmi" comes to  us as the result of the efforts of Mrs. R. B. White, who, ten years  ago, becoming curious as to its meaning, discovered there was  a town of Carmi in Illinois. She wrote to their historical-society  and the reply revealed the following story.  Carmi is a Biblical word. It means gardener or vine-dresser.  If you look in Genesis, Chapter 46, Verse 9, you will find that  Carmi was the fourth son of Reuben, who was the son of Jacob.  In Joshua, Chapter 7, Verse 1, you will find that Carmi is the  father of Achan.  96 Penticton Streets  In early days before Illinois became a state, a family by the  name of Wells came from Rutledge, Vermont, and "took up  land". Carmi Wells was the youngest of their children. The  township and the town in this vicinity was named for him. Carmi, Illinois, is in White County and in 1950 had a population of  5,500. This particular part of Illinois is often referred to as the  "Land of Egypt".  Presently living in Albion, Michigan, a director of Rotary  International, a gentleman by the name of Carmi Reginald  Smith Jr., states that he is named after his father, Carmi Reginald Smith Sr., who lived in White county many years ago.  In Northern Vermont there is a small body of water called  Carmi Lake. This lake, the town of Carmi, Illinois, one other  small village in Italy with a population of about sixty people,  and Carmi, B.C., are the only places in the world by the name  of Carmi.  In 1894 an American prospector from Carmi, Illinois, a Mr.  J. C. Dale, whose search for gold led him by way of San Francisco, California, to Oregon, then to Washington, and finally to  the Kettle Valley where he located a mine, supposed to be rich  in gold ore. Having in him "that sentiment which endears home"  to the hearts of men, in a nostalgic moment, he named the mine  after the county seat of his old home. He pre-empted three hundred and twenty acres, had it surveyed into lots, and thus Carmi,  B.C., was born.  A few trappers in this area got their supplies by going over  an Indian trial, which led from Carmi to Penticton. This trail  became Carmi Road.  We have travelled from the land of Egypt, through a tiny  village in Italy, to Vermont, U.S.A.; Carmi, Illinois; and via the  long route, through California, to the Kettle Valley and Carmi,  B.C.; then over cm Indian trail, the continuation of which is now  known as Carmi Avenue, in Penticton, B.C.  C*dna  ^Aruenue   -  Crn   IKetroSpect  Do you live on Edna Avenue? If so, have you ever asked  the question "Who is Edna?" This lady's identity is revealed in  the story of the origin of an early Penticton subdivision.  97 Penticton Streets  In May, 1908, a ten acre lot of undeveloped, pine tree-covered land was purchased by Mr. Alex Beatty, who with his family arrived from Dryden, Ontario. They moved into what was  later to be known as "West Kootenay" house. The Beatty home  was a familiar stopping-place for neighbors and friends from  far and near, all of whom have happiest recollections of truly  wonderful hospitality enjoyed.  In 1910 Mr. Beatty decided to have his holdings divided into  lots to be sold as house sites. A map of the acreage, which  reached from Main Street to the present Government Street, was  duly prepared and forwarded to Kamloops. Mr. Beatty chose to  honor his two daughters in his selection of names for the two  streets which formed the east and west boundaries of the property. When the blueprints returned from the land office in Kamloops, through some error, Hazel Avenue had become Penticton  Avenue, which name it retains to this day.  Edna Avenue is familiar to many Penticton residents. Mrs.  Daniel O'Connell, the former Edna Beatty for whom the street  was named, has a store of interesting anecdotes of life in earlier days, and wonderful memories of her first Penticton home.  She recalls walking through the tall pines, along paths where at  night lanterns were required to light the way; hearing the weird  howling of coyotes as they crossed the back of the lot; and the  feeling of warmth and security inside the house. The arrival of  the first car was an exciting and memorable event. The account  of the installation of the first electric light plant and the transition from lamp and lantern to electric light is a story in itself.  Today, the O'Connell's home at 48 Winnipeg Street extends the same traditional warm and gracious hospitality. Should  any callers happen to mention their address as being "Edna  Avenue" they will notice a twinkle in Mrs. O'Connell's eyes as  she says, "Oh, you live on my street!"  Wilton   C-re5ent  Wilton Crescent was named for the late R. S. Wilton. When  he was nine years old, he came with his parents, from Cornwall,  England, to reside in Ontario. The urge to "go West" was strong,  and in 1898 he went to Boharm, near Moose Jaw, Sask., where  he farmed. Eight years later, weary of the cold prairie winters,  98 Penticton Streets  an Okanagan Land Company newspaper advertisement arrested his attention. He purchased land "sight unseen" and arrived in Penticton on the Okanagan boat in 1906.  In addition to an acre on Main Street, he acquired land  bordering on Duncan Avenue, Government Street, and Municipal Avenue which he planted to Jonathan, Snow, Spitzenberg,  Twenty-Ounce Pippin, Baldwin, and Wagner apples; Bartlett  and Flemish Beauty pears, Bing, Royal Ann, and Lambert cherries, and Elberta and Crawford peaches.  On December 14, 1910, Mr. Wilton married the former Alice  Parkins, who, with her parents, brothers and sisters came from  England in 1902. The Parkins family settled first in Winnipeg,  Manitoba, arriving in Penticton in 1908. In 1909 Mr. Parkins became Penticton's first assessor.  Mr. and Mrs. Wilton took up residence at 841 Main St. In  later years the Wiltons, in addition to their property, operated a  business where they sold confectionery, text books, and school  supplies. This store came to be known as the "Handy Store".  Mr. Wilton was a community-minded person with education  as a special interest. For fifteen of the sixteen years he was a  member of the school board he acted as chairman. Mr. and Mrs.  Wilton were active members of the Literary Society, earliest  forerunner of cultural development in Penticton. Meetings were  held in a small hall over a grocery store on the north end of  Ellis Street. Members showed keen interest in debating and fine  oratory, and enjoyed visits by several celebrities.  Mr. Wilton was secretary of the Turf Club which was instrumental in the acquisition and early development of the present  Queen's Park. Today this area is the centre of many of the city's  leading activities.  Mrs. Wilton was interviewed in the studios of CKOK on  May 15, 1962 — the sixtieth anniversary of the arrival in Canada of the Parkins family.  In an age when moving is the order of the day, by residing  continuously for fifty-two years at 841 Main Street, Mrs. Wilton  has established a record few people can equal.  99 ^Jke Aokn  L^onrou S^toru  EDITOR'S NOTE: Since shortly after the turn of the century the Conroy family have lived on their ranch in what is now known as the  Ellison district. With the exception of the few years that the family lived in Kelowna, they have resided there continuously.  In the spring of 1961 J. J. Conroy and his sister May sold the  remainder of the original ranch holdings and have retired to  Aberdeen St. in Kelowna.  By MAY M. CONROY  JOHN CONROY — was born in Frampton, Co. Dorchester,  in the Province of Quebec in 1841 of Irish parents. When he was  twenty-two years of age he went to the State of Maine to work  in the woods. In those days axes were the only equipment they  had to fell the huge trees, and men worked from dawn to dark.  He often told stories of the "shanty-boys" as the loggers were  called, of their endurance and their skill in the woods, of their  prodigious appetites and dangerous river drives. At times in  the cold winters around the camp, deep in the forest, the trees  would crack with the frost with a noise like pistol shots.  About 1866 he left the eastern state and, like many another  adventurer of that day, went to California by sailing ship around  the Horn; the Panama Canal had not then been built. He used  to amuse his children by singing the songs he heard the sailors  singing during the long voyage to California. When he arrived  in San Francisco he found work in the redwoods and often told  that he was a good axe-man in his day, as no doubt he was.  San Francisco at that time was a small lawless town where  the loggers went to spend their money. Men carried guns and  made their own laws by them. Mr. Conroy often said "I managed to keep out of trouble but there was plenty of it to get  into." While in California he heard of the gold strike in Northern  B.C. where men were going to seek their fortunes. He went by  boat to Victoria, B.C., which was then a city of tents, and coming across to the mainland, he set out on foot for the Cariboo.  The mining boom was on and the excitement of gold was in  men's veins. Mr. Conroy knew "Cariboo Cameron" who left the  Cariboo with his gold loaded on forty mules and came back io  die there penniless at the last. He could tell thrilling stories of the  Cariboo Trail and the stage-coach going out laden with the gold  of lucky miners. This coach was pulled by a mule-train, often  100 The John Conroy Story  driven by reckless drivers, who with a flick of  the lash sent the animals  at a gallop around treacherous curves and along  the precipices over-hanging the Fraser River.  Once again Mr. Conroy did not engage in  mining, but bought a farm  near Soda Creek and  sold his produce to the  mining settlements. At one  time he took chickens into  Barkerville and sold them  for five dollars apiece to  the Chinamen who were  mining along the river and  were celebrating the Chin-  Mr. and Mrs. John Conroy ese New Year.  About 1879 Mr. Conroy returned to San Francisco to meet  a girl from his old home in Quebec. They were married in San  Francisco and he took her back to the Cariboo where she died  a year later in childbirth. The baby daughter lived a week,  cared for by an Indian woman, then she too died.  After this he sold the farm and taking a team, with a light  wagon went to the coast where he loaded his wagon with various kinds of merchandise and started peddling through the  Cariboo and Spallumcheen country. He drove across country at  will as there were few proper roads, only a few wagon trails  here and there. In this way he came down into the Okanagan  Valley and as he used to say "Took a great fancy to this  country".  Later on, he bought the property known as the Boucherie  pre-emption where Mr. George Splett now lives. Mr. Conroy  built the house, which with a few renovations, remains there  today. Here he opened a saloon and store, selling supplies of  all kinds to the scattered population of natives with a few miners and trappers.  101 The John Conroy Story  The Mission of the Oblate Fathers had been established  some years before and Mr. Conroy knew Father Pandosy and  Father Richard and other early missionaries.  The supplies for his store and saloon were brought in by  river boat from the coast as far as Enderby and hauled down  by wagon. After a time a brother, Tom Conroy, joined him and  looked after the farm, mostly growing hay for the cattle they  bought. Free range land was plentiful.  In 1892 Mr. Conroy went back to Quebec for a long visit  which ended in his marriage to Miss Anne O'Reilly. She was  twenty-three years his junior, a gentle, pretty girl who left Quebec City to face the hardships and primitive conditions of the  new western country. She was accompanied by her sister,  Stacy, who two years later married Michael Hereron.  Before leaving for the East Mr. Conroy had closed the  saloon and store but throughout the following summer the natives who had become accustomed to making "Conroy's" a  stopping-place in their travels up and down the valley, still  came and tied their horses and sat for hours in the shade of the  house.  By this time several families had taken up land in the  neighborhood. Joining on the north the Jos. Brent family lived on  what is now the Monford ranch and Alphone Lefevre and his  family lived on what is now Melville Marshall's place. Mrs.  Conroy came to know both these families as kind and helpful  neighbors. About this time Mr. Conroy bought about three hundred and sixty acres from David McDongall in what is now the  Ellison District. He also pre-empted another one hundred and  sixty acres joining on the west. Most of this land was under  heavy timber with only a few acres of cleared land surrounding  the log house and barn built by McDougall.  For several years Mr. Conroy farmed both places, going  back and forth and employing several men, some of whom  stayed, on the "upper place" as he called his new holdings.  When the eldest son, Martin, was nearing school age the  parents decided to sell the farm home and move to a new home  which would be near the new school recently built on Mr. Whelan' s property.  Mr. Ferman Bell and his brother Ed bought the original  102 The John Conroy Story  place and the family, which by now included four children,  moved to the district and lived in the log house. Their neighbors  on the north were the Michael Hereron family who lived on the  place now owned by Mr. E. Bornais.  There was much to be done on the new farm to make it  into a home and Mr. Conroy, then nearing sixty year of age,  applied himself courageously to the struggle. Gradually the  timber was cleared away, mostly by contract work, a well was  dug to supply water and in 1909 a good barn was built which  burned down in 1916 from some unknown cause. In 1911 the  present house was built by the late Mr. M. J. Curts of Kelowna.  All the heavy timbers and rough lumber for both the house and  barn came from timber off the place. This was sawn by Mr.  Robert Munson who had established a mill in the district which  was destined to be the beginning of the S. M. Simpson sawmill  industry as Mr. Simpson purchased the Munson mill.  Mr. Conroy planted twenty acres of orchard and when more  irrigation became available he grew onions and potatoes as  well as hay and grain.  All the family attended the one room school and still remember with gratitude their early teachers.  In 1920 the family left the farm and went to live in Kelowna  'ñ†where in 1925 the mother, who had been an invalid for many  years, passed away. In February, 1926, the father passed away  at the age of eighty-five years.  Soon after, the second son, Joseph John and oldest daughter, Mary Margaret, returned to the farm where they still live.  Mr. Conroy sold part of the original property on his retirement as well as the pre-emption which had been crown-granted  in the meantime.  Martin J. Conroy the eldest son began working for the Okanagan Telephone Co. in 1920 and came up from the ranks to  the position of superintendent which he has held for the past  seven years.  The second daughter Elizabeth is now Mrs. Jas. Moss of  Kelowna, Anne is now Sister Agnes Dolores of the Sisters of  Providence and is teaching in Dawson Creek. Agnes is teaching in Vernon. These two sisters were born in the Ellison district.  103 \~jeorae ^J^reaaie  By HILDA COCHRANE  George Heggie was born in County Antrim, Northern Ireland, on September 27, 1870, of Scottish parents. His boyhood  was spent on a large dairy farm and perhaps he felt he did not  want to follow in his father's footsteps and become a farmer  because at one time he planned to take up the profession of  teaching. However, he apparently decided against it and at the  age of about eighteen he left his home in Ireland and went to  the town of Bathgate in Scotland, sixteen miles from Edinburgh,  where he took up farming- Some six years later Sir Arthur Stepney advertised in the newspaper for a young Scotsman to manage his 1,600 acre farm at Enderby, B.C., and George Heggie  was chosen from among the applicants.  Shortly afterwards a number of friends and well-wishers  gathered in the Royal Hotel in Bathgate to bid him farewell.  In proposing the toast to the guest of honor the Reverend David  Graham said they were losing one who had been a good friend  to all and one whose genial ways and genial songs had many  a time cheered their hearts, but he was sure that in some other  part of the world George Heggie would be a burning and shining light. In replying to the toast George Heggie said he thanked  them from his heart for the kind sentiments expressed and said  104 George Heggie  he would always think of Bathgate with a feeling of gratitude  and pleasure. He hoped that he would always be able to conduct himself worthy of one who was allowed to say that he belonged to Bathgate. A few hours later he was on his way to  Enderby, arriving there in February, 1895.  Three years later he returned to his home in Scotland to  marry Miss Agnes Russell. Three sons were born to them, Russell, William, and Leslie, and one daughter Susan who died at  the age of nine months in September, 1906.  Mr. and Mrs. Heggie attended the services in the little old  Presbyterian Church in Enderby regularly every Sunday, rain  or shine. He was an elder and a great supporter of the church  and its activities- During the time of their residence in Enderby  they were close friends of Mr. and Mrs. A. L. Fortune. Mrs.  Heggie passed away while still a young woman and was buried beside their daughter in the Lansdowne Cemetery.  Some of the men who worked for Mr. Heggie on the Stepney ranch in the early days were Ernest and Tommy Skyrme  and Arthur Tomkinson of Grindrod, Dick Blackburn of Enderby,  and Jack Gillick of Deep Creek. He affectionately called them  "his boys". In September, 1910, Sir Arthur Stepney passed away  and the ranch was sold to a syndicate. Mr. Heggie planned to  go back to Scotland but was asked by the group of Belgians who  had purchased the Greenhow and part of the O'Keefe holdings  in 1907 to be manager of the Land and Agricultural Company of  Canada, which position he accepted on October 1st, 1910 and  moved to Vernon.  In 1915 he married Miss Nancy Race who had come out  from England several years before to take care of on invalid  brother. A son Robert and a daughter Sally were born to them.  George Heggie became well known throughout the whole  of the North Okanagan and was highly respected by all who  knew him. Quite a number of the farmers in the Larkin and  Armstrong areas would often drop into his office when they  were in Vernon and chat with him on the problems of farming,  or discuss politics.  He represented the North Okanagan as a Member of the  Legislature for the Conservative Party in the years 1930, 1931,  and 1932, devoting his time mostly to irrigation problems.  105 George Heggie  In 1934 he was appointed a Member of the Board of Review  under the Farmers' Creditors Arrangement Act. He was the  representative for the farmers on the Board and in this capacity  travelled extensively throughout the Province of British Columbia from 1934 to 1941. During those depression years many of  the farmers were heavily in debt and it was George Heggie's  task to visit them, hear their stories, and present their cases at  the sittings of the Board of Review when an effort was made to  bring about a settlement satisfactory to both farmers and creditors.  He was also active in many other fields. He was the first  president of the Vernon Fruit Union, and served in that capacity  for six years, a member of the board of directors of the Vernon  jubilee Hospital, and was made a life member. He was at one  time an Alderman of the City of Vernon, and a Justice of the  Peace, an appointment he received while living in Enderby.  He was also a member of the Masonic Order.  Mr. and Mrs. Heggie's lovely country home on the Kedleston Road set among beautiful shade trees and spacious lawns  was well known to many Vernon residents. Many people were  entertained there and Mr. and Mrs. Heggie were a gracious  host and hostess. Mrs. Heggie died before December, 1934, after a  lingering illness but Mr. Heggie and his daughter continued to  reside in the home until it was sold in June, 1942.  Shortly afterwards, on September 30th, 1942, George Heggie  retired as manager of the L & A Ranch, a position he had held  for thirty-two years. He was also manager for many years of the  200 acre Belgian Orchard Syndicate. After his retirement he  lived for a short time at the Coast and then he and his daughter returned to Vernon and took up residence at Okanagan Lake  near the present Kinsmen Beach. He continued to live there until  his death in February, 1953, in his eighty-third year. The funeral  service was conducted in Knox Presbyterian Church by the  Reverend J. D. Gordon and after the ceremony the remains were  forwarded to Vancouver for cremation- At Mr. Heggie's request  his ashes were scattered over the L & A Ranch, over ihe land  which he loved so well. In his passing, the Okanagan lost another of its pioneers, one who had become well known throughout the Province of British Columbia, and a man of great integrity and a friend to many.  106 oLand CPf ^Araricultural L^-ompanu  of Canada  By HILDA COCHRANE  The Land & Agricultural Company of Canada was organized and incorporated by a syndicate of Belgian capitalists who  considered the Western Provinces of the Dominion an admirable field for investment. After securing 200,000 acres of farm  land in Saskatchewan, their representatives visited the Okanagan Valley and on December 9th, 1907, Elizabeth Greenhow,  Thomas Greenhow and Mary O'Neal conveyed by deed to  the Land & Agricultural Company of Canada 8,906 acres of land  and on the same day roughly 5,700 acres of the O'Keefe property were conveyed to the same company. The land extended  north from Vernon, completely encircling Swan Lake to a distance of nearly ten miles, also southeast from the city to Okan-  gan Lake a distance of four miles. From the Swan Lake shore  the Company's lands rose gradually toward the higher range  country.  The Company's prime object in purchasing this large tract  of land was to subdivide and sell to settlers as the development  of the district and the demand for its various properties warranted. It was early realized by the directors, however, that it  would require several years to advantageously dispose of their  big acreage, and it was decided to develop on their own account  as much as possible of their productive lands.  The first lots were sold in 1907 and were in the "Bushy  Park" subdivision at the north end of the City of Vernon. Property adjacent to Pleasant Valley Road was offered for sale in  1910. Among these sales was 121 acres sold to the Mutrie  brothers.  It was deemed advisable to appoint a manager at this time  to have full charge of the local affairs of the Company—a man  with practical agricultural experience to supervise the land development and also to direct the various local interests and  land sales. Mr. George Heggie, who had been manager of Sir  Arthur Stepney's estate at Enderby for fifteen years, was chosen  107 Land and Agricultural Company of Canada  Harvest Tims on I_ & A Ranch  108 Land and. Agricultural Company of Canada  to fill this important position and he assumed management on  1st October, 1910.  A choice site was secured on Barnard Avenue (the main  business street of Vernon) on which was erected a fine two-  storey building, the ground floor of which was used for the Company offices. The Company continued to occupy ground floor  space until 1941 when the building was sold to Mr. Jack Woods,  with his sport shop occupying the ground floor. The first floor is  still used as a sporting goods store (Art's Sport Shop) and the  second floor offices are used by the law firm of Galbraith, Crowe  and Adams.  The erection of a manager's residence was at once proceeded with, and it was decided to have this located convenient  to where the greatest development was going on in the company's lands. A charming site was chosen on the bench north  of and overlooking BX Creek from which elevation a lovely view  could be had of the whole surrounding country. The property  consisted of 13 acres and was purchased from the Company by  the manager, Mr. Heggie in 1912.  About seven miles from Vernon at the north end of Swan  Lake on the main ranch property the Company erected a fine  commodious boarding house for their employees, from which  point the general farming operations were conducted under a  competent foreman.  Lots in the Greenhow Subdivision (west of 32nd Street with  43rd. Avenue being the northern boundary) were sold during  1911 and 1912. Other large acreages sold in 1911 were 76 acres  to Baron Herry, 250 acres to William Brown of Armstrong, and  156 acres to Vernon Orchards Co.  During the 1920's a number of Ukrainians purchased lots  on the east side of Swan Lake and it was about this time the  lots in the "Bellavista" Subdivision west of the City of Vernon  were purchased, mostly by Japanese farmers. A little later, during the early 1930's lakeshore lots at Okanagan Lake were  sold. These lots were on the north side of Okanagan Lake past  the present Kinsmen Beach. From the original approximately 15,-  000 acres, the land had been divided into 307 holdings.  After all these sales were completed the home ranch con-  109 Land and Agricultural Company of Canada  sisted of over 900 cultivated acres and 2,500 acres of range  land, approximately 400 acres were planted in fall wheat, 300  in alfalfa, and 200 in oats. Only the acreage given over to alfalfa was under irrigation.  For a number of years the Company was owned by the original group of Belgians but in later years Mr. Arthur Dejardin  of Winnipeg became the sole owner.  In the early years of the L & A Ranch, in addition to growing hay and grain, as many as 600 head of cattle were kept and  quite a number of horses were required for work on the land.  With the advent of tractors and other modern machinery fewer  horses were required. The L & S Ranch is believed to have been  the first ranch in the Province of British Columbia to own a combine.  During the summer when the hay was being cut and the  grain harvested about 35 men were employed. What a wonderful sight it was in mid-summer to see the threshing machine and  crew harvesting the grain. The wheat grown on the L & A Ranch  was of the highest quality. One year 10,000 bushels of Marquis  Wheat (six large cars) were shipped to Vancouver and all graded No. 1 Hard, the highest grade obtainable, and there w~s no  dockage for weed seeds or other foreign matter.  Mr. Dejardin died in 1939 and his widow retained ownership of the Ranch until 1941 when it was sold to Major Austin  Taylor of Vancouver and the B.C. Pea Growers Ltd. with headquarters at Armstrong, B.C. Mr. Heggie continued as manager  until his retirement in 1942 and was succeeded by Mr. lock Patterson of the B.C. Pea Growers Ltd. The present owners are the  L & A Ranching Co. Ltd.  WORDS OF THE WISE  The past is intelligible to us only in the light of the present;  and we can fully understand the present only in the light of the  past. To enable man to understand the society of the past and to  increase his mastery over the society of the present is the dual  function of history. — (Edward Hallet Carr)  110 (I5elaian  K^/rckard ^vindicate  By HILDA COCHRANE  In 1908 a subsidiary company was formed by some of the  officials of the Land & Agricultural Company of Canada with a  view to acquiring a large acreage and planting out to orchard  as a commercial proposition. This company was known as the  Belgian Orchard Syndicate and in October 1908 they purchased  from the parent company 200 acres of land located just "outside  the north-easterly limits of the City of Vernon. During the season of 1909 the land was all broken and prepared and in the  spring of 1910 was planted out to orchard. The orchard consisted  of over 17,000 fruit trees, mostly apple trees, planted in ten acre  blocks. Over the years any varieties found to be unpopular or  unprofitable were replaced with other varieties. The first manager was Mr. J. W. Hayward and in later years Mr. George  Heggie was manager of the orchard in addition to managing  the large L & A Ranch.  For a number of years the Belgian Orchard Syndicate had  their own packing house but in the early 1930's it was destroyed  by fire and the Syndicate decided not to rebuild. They then  trucked all their fruit to the Vernon Fruit Union for packing and  shipping.  In later years this large orchard was solely owned by Mr.  Arthur Dejardin of Winnipeg in addition to his L <S A Ranch  property. After his death in 1939 his heirs continued to operate  the orchard, with Mr. Heggie continuing as manager, until 1942  when it was sold to a group of Vernon business men and subdivided into small holdings.  Ill 282  WiL  On A Bicycle  Over the Mountains and Through the Valleys of  Southern British Columbia — Augusf, 1903.  By GEORGE M. WATT  I was living and working in Victoria the summer of 1903,  when I made the decision to travel to the Okanagan Valley,  where my uncle, Robert S. Hall, and his brother-in-law, Frank  Conkling, had bought a large acreage of range land in the  Ellison District, nine miles north of Kelowna.  I was at the time the owner of a very good make of bicycle,  fitted with a coaster brake on the rear wheel, and roller brake on  the front wheel, ensuring perfect control, as it had proved satisfactorily on several long rides over the mountain roads into the  interior of Vancouver Island. Not wishing to part with so valuable a machine I conceived the idea of making the trip to the  Okanagan Valley on my bicycle.  Having reached the above decision, my first step was to  procure as much information as possible about roads and trails  and stopping places. Victoria being the Government headquarters, I made several calls at the buildings across James Bay.  Here I met Mr. R. E. Gosnell, -who at that time was the Secretary  of the Bureau of Public Information. Upon telling him of my intention to ride a bicycle to the Okanagan Valley, he was rather  taken aback. He very kindly provided me with what available  maps there were in those days, and any information he had  about the roads and trails. He also spoke of the Dewdney Trail,  65 miles long which went over a divide, the summit of which  was approximately 6,000 feet above sea level, and that August  was the only month of the year that the trail is free of snow  over the summit.  Mr. Gosnell had grave doubts that I could make it over  this famous trail with a bicycle. Here I would like to mention,  that, four years previously, 1899, I had ridden horseback over  this trail in the month of July, making the round trip. Mr. Gosnell predicted it would be a trying journey which it proved to  be. A few friends to whom I told of the projected trip thought I  had evidently taken on a mild form of lunacy. However, ihe  novelty, the spice of danger, the varied country through which  112 282 Miles on a Bicycle  I would travel, appealed to me more strongly than the dissuasion of my relatives and friends.  Before starting out I procured a large triangular waterproof  bag to fit the frame of the bicycle between the two wheels. Into  this bag were placed tools, lubricants and spare parts, including  a good puncture repair outfit. Attached to the front was the  latest make of an acetylene lamp. The calcium carbide which  this lamp burned was also put into the bag. I also took along  several tins of concentrated foods, and lastly a revolver, the  combined weight of all this came to 25 pounds.  I was now ready to start on my journey, Tuesday, August  10th. Saying goodbye to my Father and Mother and my friends  I left Victoria at 7 a.m. on the morning of August 11, 1903, and  made the run to Sydney, 17 miles, through what is mostly farming section. Here boarded a ferry which took me to Port Guichon, at the mouth of the Fraser River. I arrived at noon after a  pleasant trip of some 48 miles. Having a letter of introduction to  Mr. Macklin, manager of the general store at this place, proceeded to find this gentleman. He very kindly invited me to have  dinner with him after which he showed me through a large  warehouse containing what was left of the season's sale of all  kinds of fishing tackle used in connection with the salmon fishing, which at the mouth of the Fraser River was an industry of  very large proportions. He informed me that his firm had sold  $10,000 worth of fishing nets alone this season, a net is worth  from $90 to $100. Between 3,000 and 4,000 boats are engaged  in this occupation when the salmon are plentiful; the canneries  paying 6 cents to 7 cents a fish. The fishermen are mostly Indians and Japanese.  Leaving Port Guichon 1:30 p.m., proceeded along a plank  road till reached Ladner's Landing, a distance of one mile. Here  I would like to mention that my bicycle was equipped with a  cyclometer so that I was able to keep an accurate record of the  distances, with the exception of the Hope-Princeton trail over  which I later had to carry my wheel on my shoulder a good  many miles. Ladner's Landing was the most important fishing  village in this section. Here I discovered that the contents of a  bottle of gasoline had vanished owing to defective corking.  Fortunately was able to get a fresh supply at this village, being  the last bicycle repair shop en route. Stopping only ten minuteis  113 282 Miles on a Bicycle  here, proceeded over the next 6 miles, which was also a plank  road, along both sides of which bracken grew to a height of 6'  to 8'. A plank road consists of 2" by 12" rough fir planks 8' long  laid close together. As the ground over which they are laid is  very soft they present anything but an even surface. Riding over  these planks was very trying and impossible to make more than  5 miles per hour.  J. F. Stainton was the owner of the bicycle repair shop at  Ladner's Landing. Had the first break here, which he repaired  for me and also gave me a refill of gasoline.  A further ride of three and a half miles brought me to the  first hill and the timber. This part of the Fraser Valley contains  some of the finest farming land in B.C., although great loss is  sometimes sustained through the Fraser River overflowing. The  dust on the road was 2" and 3" deep now and the thermometer  registered that afternoon 90 to 95 degrees in the shade. From  now on the road was fairly hilly, interspersed with short level  stretches. There were occasional gravel stretches though the  road was still rough and the fierce heat of the sun made it laborious enough. The first hill was too steep to ride so pushed the  wheel and walked up.  Halfway up this hill the road to New Westminster branched  away, -which I was sorry after had not taken as the new bridge  across the Fraser River was in course of construction and it  would have been well worth the extra 12 miles by going round  this way. On top of the hill 10 V2 miles from Port Guichon, passed  the Surrey Centre School. Rode on to Cloverdale I8V2 miles,  passing through the settlement of Mud Bay, then on to the village  of Cloverdale nestling in a beautiful valley. The handiwork of  the farmer was visible on all sides, and it was forcibly impressed  on the traveller that Cloverdale is no way belied its name. Here  is the junction of the Vancouver Terminal Railway, the Ferry  company's line and the Fairhaven and Southern Branch of the  Great Northern. Passing through the village, I ascended a long  hill. Going down the other side I came on to New Westminster  and Yale Road, 21 miles from Port Guichon and 12 miles from  NewWestminster and Yale Road. From this junction to Long-  ley Prairie the road was in splendid condition and fine going.  It was quite a relief to get on to a really good piece of road  though the fierce heat was very trying. Along the Yale road a  114 282 Miles on a Bicycle  telephone wire was to be seen, which went on to Yale and up  through the Canyon and on through to Quesnel and Barkerville.  I rode on from Langley Prairie to Aldergrove, the road being  more or less hilly, the distance was 7Vi miles and very fair  travelling. Passed a small settlement called Shortreeds and the  shingle mill of Jackman and Multon, where I stopped and had a  look over. Arrived at Aldergrove 6:30 after having ridden 31  miles from Port Guichon. Here was advised that I would find a  stopping place for the night. This tiny settlement consisted of  two log cabins one on either side of the road. Thinking the larger  cabin would be the most likely one to put me up walked to the  door where a woman was standing. Upon asking her if I could  get supper and bed for the night was calmly informed that such  could not be procured. Her old man was away so she did not  care to take anyone in for the night. This sounded anything but  soothing to a very tired traveller as the next place was 9 miles  away. Nothing I could say would persuade her to take me in.  Finally she said I might be able to get supper across the road  but doubted if I could get a bed as the owner was away and had  left a young woman in charge. With sinking heart I crossed the  road and knocked on the door and I again asked for something  to eat and a bed for the night. She told me she had three men  boarding at the house who were working on the road 5 miles  away and if I did not mind waiting until these men returned  she would give me supper, then would see about a bed. This  was more hopeful. Stepping inside I sank into a home-made armchair, dead tired. After supper the men took pity on me and fixed  me up with a bed of sorts. Had come 31 miles and it had taken  me 5 hours. This was the end of the first day.  Wednesday, August 12th, 1903 — After an early breakfast,  got away again at 6:25 and rode to Abbotsford, 9 miles, the first  4 miles bad going the rest fair, much of the way through heavy  timber and brush, the next 9 miles brought me up to Majuba Hill  going over 4!/2 miles of prairie, very rough, not being able to  make more than 5 miles an hour then along the Vedder River  Crossing, (Chilliwack River) over very rough, springy and rough  road 60 miles from Port Guichon. Three miles more brought me  to Sardis and another three miles to Chilliwack the last six miles  being over a very good road and all dead level making the 6  miles in 30 minutes. Arrived at 12:10 p.m., stopped at the Harri-  115 282 Miles on a Bicycle  son Hotel (West end of town), here had dinner and stayed the  rest of the day.  I called at the "Chilliwack Progress" office and met Mr.  Jackman, proprietor, and had a chat with him. Promised to send  him an account of the trip when I reached destination, also met  Mr. Moffat who was a blacksmith in town. Also met Rev. West  with whom had supper and later attended a prayer meeting.  As I was unable to get a room in the hotel the minister found a  room for me in a nearby house where I stayed for the night  for which they only charged me 25 cents. My dinner and breakfast at the hotel cost 25 cents each.  Thursday, August 13th, 1903 ■— Had breakfast at the Harrison Hotel and started out on my bicycle and found the going  good for the first 9 miles then the road got very bad owing to  heavy rain during the night, had to walk the next two miles and  push the wheel through mud and water, the next three miles  not so bad, came to a high trestle over creek, here stopped and  washed the mud off the wheel. Arrived at a farm 10:35, 17  miles from Chilliwack; then on to St. Elmo walking another 5 V_  miles. The Valley now was narrowing and the steep mountain  sides came close to the Fraser River; the road also began to  climb higher; stopped here and had dinner with a rancher who  would not charge me for the meal. Found the road washed away  in two places; could now get a good view of the river which  at this time of year was very dirty. Ruby Creek across the river,  on the CPR was plainly visible.  At one place before reaching Hope came to a slough where  there was a ford for horses. As had no idea how deep the water  was, I sank down on the bank and wondered how I was going to  get across, could see a raft on the other side but was of course  no help to me, the mosquitos were very trying, the air being  filled with these savage creatures. Fortunately for me another  traveller came along on foot to the other side of the slough, and  as he wanted to cross too he just got onto the raft and paddled  is across, we chatted for a few minutes and then I put the bicycle on the raft and managed to paddle across, there being  little or no current, tied it up and with a great sigh of relief got  on the way again. This was the crossing of Hunter Creek where  the bridge had got washed out and the raft had been tied up  116 282 Miles on a Bicycle  on the bank as a means of getting across. This was 1 V_  miles  east of St. Elmo.  Five miles further crossed another creek and several  smaller ones. 10 V_> miles past St. Elmo crossed Silver Creek, the  largest creek I had crossed since leaving Chilliwack. Finally  crrived at Hope at 3 o'clock. Hope was a small village built on  a grassy flat along the edge of which the Fraser ran and at this  point makes a right angle turn. The village consisted of a hotel,  a store, livery stable and number of cabins, log, of varying  sizes and descriptions. It had changed very little since my last  visit in the summer of 1899. It seemed to me very shut in, for  every direction you turned there were these high mountains  towering away up for thousands of feet. Here was the beginning  of the famous Hope-Princeton Trail.  About this trail made some enquiries and found the first 25  miles was built the width of a wagon road and that there was a  prospector's cabin 14 miles from Hope, so kept going. Three  miles of pretty good going then the trail started to get steeper  and rougher, found I could not ride the wheel, so walked and  pushed it alongside. It began to' get dark so I lit my carbide  lamp and would keep throwing the light from side to side to  try and locate the cabin. It was heavy going and I began to wish  I had stayed at Hope for the night. Was getting very tired and  began to think I had passed the cabin. Suddenly I heard a  crashing of branches above me and immediately thought of  bears. So dug down into my bag and pulled out the revolver  and loaded and started firing. This started more crashing and  racket but as the sounds gradually began dying away I  guessed that, whatever it was, they had gone back into the  hills. Not so long after this frightening incident the light finally  shone on a log cabin on a little flat above the trail.  By this time it was 11:15 and whoever was in the cabin  was sound asleep. After several loud knocks on the door each  one louder, I heard inside what sounded like cuss words. The  door opened and the prospector sure stared at me, hanging on to  the bicycle. Explained to him how I came to be there and that  I would like to get inside for the night, he growled out something  about not having any extra blankets but he would let me have  a canvas. This did not sound too cheerful but I was so tired that  I would have lain down on the floor without any cover. So the  117 282 Miles on a Bicycle  prospector let me in, gave me the canvas and I laid down on the  not too clean floor and was soon sound asleep.  The next morning early, the prospector went off to look for  his horses and came back grumbling that he could not find them.  It suddenly dawned on me that it was his horses that I had been  shooting at along the trail and that the less I said about the incident the better. On trying to rise up I found that I was so stiff  and sore that I could not stand. So crawled along the trail where  he got water, stripped off and rubbed and rubbed till I got ihe  blood circulating and some life into my legs and arms. Then  walked to the cabin and sat down to breakfast at the invitation  of the prospector, which he had prepared while I was down at  the creek. Mostly it was bacon, beans and bannock, the prospector's main items of food unless he had a supply of fish or  game.  Friday, August 14th, 1903 — Up to this part of my journev  by keeping the bicycle on the ground, even when not riding, I  was able to keep a record of the mileage. Over the Dewdney  trail, however, it was no longer possible to do this as I had to  pick up the bicycle and carry it over many miles. After the building of the CPR this trail fell largely into disuse, was little '.ravelled, but still kept open. As a results rocks rolled down and banks  slid and a heavy growth of brush grew up on the trail. This resulted in there being just the narrow track made by the horses  and pack animals. I found that I could not walk on this narrow  track and push the bicycle alongside for it was not wide enough;  neither could I push the wheel in the beaten track for then  there was no place for me to walk.  Saying goodbye to the prospector, I started away at 7:20  from the 14 mile cabin and by 9:30 had made the first crossing  of the Skagit River, 22 miles from Hope, half an hour later made  another crossing; crossed again at 23.5 and again at 26 mile at  10:45 and reached 29 mile camp at 12:10 p.m. Here the wagon  road ends.  Had dinner at this camp using the concentrated food I had  brought along. Left at 1:10 p.m. and walked the next 8 miles,  reaching the 37 mile point by 4:50; here crossed the headquarters of the Skagit River and commenced the long climb to the  summit; finally reached within %  mile of the summit, nearly  118 282 Miles on a Bicycle  6,000 feet above sea level. It was now 7:30 p.m. and a fog blanketing everything. My food supply was getting low and it was  getting cold. So, nearly all in as I was, I had to get busy and  find wood to make a fire. Groping around in the semi-darkness,  I managed to find pieces or limbs and scraps of wood and get  a fire started, having had the good sense to bring matches along.  With the light from the fire and somewhat revived by the heat,  I searched over a wider area and gathered a pile of pieces of  wood. Had a good fire going by this time so lay down close by  and fell asleep. Woke up after a while to find the fire was nearly  out and I was getting cold. Soon found some more fuel and had  a good fire going again and so it went all through that eventful  night till daylight began to appear and the fog to disappear.  Finishing what little food I had left, I went looking for water  and finally found a little stream running in a gully. Could hardly  believe my eyes when along the edge of this stream was a coating of ice. No wonder I was cold throughout the night. I took  some water to the fire, warmed it and had several good drinks.  That mountain water was good stuff, for it seemed to take the  place of food and gave me fresh courage to carry on. I would  like to mention here that I do not remember meeting anyone  on that lonely trail except the prosepctor with whom I stayed the  first night. The time over this trail was two days and two nights  altogether, 41.5 miles from Hope.  Saturday, August 15th, 1903 — Got on my way at 6:20 a.m.  and in 10 minutes reached the actual summit. I would like to  had a good pair of field glasses and climbed to some of the  many vantage points this morning, but I was not feeling anything like sight-seeing and my only thought was to get down  off that mountain and alongside something good to eat. The next  3T/2 miles brought me to one of the camping places which are  here and there along the trail. This one had a cabin and a corral.  I arrived at this point at 7:20. From here the trail was much better and further on was wide enough for a wagon. I was now able  to ride and it sure felt good, to be able to do so. It was rough  going for a bicycle but I scarcely noticed it and am afraid I got  going too fast, for, going down a steep grade along the hillside,  came to a sharp bend and instead of staying on the trail shot  over the bank and went down the steep face of the hill. I managed to keep the wheel right side up but finally ran into a clump  119 282 Miles on a Bicycle  of pine brush which stopped my headlong ride. Finding I had  not suffered any damage myself except for a few scratches and  the wheel seemed little the worse, I looked up to see where ihe  trail was, could just make it out up that hillside. Well, had made  quite a fancy trail of my own but it was out of the question io  get the wheel back up that way, so there was nothing for it but  to shoulder it and by zig-zagging up the hill and taking lots of  rests, finally arrived back on the trail at a much lower point  than where I went off.  Safely on the trail again and after a careful examination to  see that nothing had been damaged, rode on to Princeton, arriving at 11:40 a.m., 68 miles from Hope. After leaving the Summit had fine weather all the way down which helped a lot and  was able to ride most of the way. Here I found a good sized village with good accommodation for the traveller, livery stables,  stores and hotels. After the strenuous trip over the trail, I decided to stay at Princeton and have a good rest that afternoon.  My boots had become the worse for wear so bought a new pair.  My bicycle was little the worse for the journey and only needed  a few minor repairs. The tires also stood up well.  Sunday, August 16th, 1903 — Got away again at 8:10 a.m.  and found the next two miles good going being nearly level,  from Two-Mile Creek to Hedley fair going; heavy rain night before making the road hard wheeling from Bromley to Similkameen City, arrived Hedley 11:20 a.m. Here I had a visit with  Mr. and Mrs. Sydney L. Smith and family whom I had first  known when Mr. Smith was CPR agent at Penticton. He resigned from that position to take over the duties of bookkeeper  for the Daly Reduction Co. at Hedley, operating the famous  Nickel Plate Mine. Their home was a short distance up the valley of 20 Mile Creek, not far from the stamp mill. Had dinner  with them and stayed until 4:45. Riding on again, arrived, at  Keremeos (the old town) at 7:15 where I stopped at the hotel for  supper. Then proceeded down the Similkameen Valley to the  ranch home of William J. Manery, a distance of 11.5 miles, arriving at nine o'clock. Here I was very welcome and instead of  just staying over night as I had intended, stayed for two days;  getting a good rest with this very kind-hearted family and came  to realize what true Canadian hospitality meant.  Augusf 19th, 1903 — Started away again on the last part of  120 282 Miles on a Bicycle  my trip at 7:25 a.m. and followed the Richter Pass Road to the  Richter Ranch, a distance of 9 miles, a steady climb after leaving the lower Similkameen Valley. While at the Manery Ranch  they told me of a trail that would shorten the distance to Fair-  view and save going down into the Okanagan Valley onto the  Fairview-Osoyoos road. This was known as the Testalinda Creek  Trail, three miles long. I found where it branched off the other  side of the Richter Ranch and rode the bicycle wherever it was  possible to do so and finally arrived at Fairview at 11:30.  This was familiar ground as I had lived at Fairview for two  years while driving stage for my Uncle Bob Hall who had the  contract for carrying mail from Penticton to Fairview and io  Camp McKinney and to Oroville, Washington. My run was from  Fairview to Camp McKinney three times a week and to Oroville  once a week. This was during the years 1899, 1900 and 1901.  I found the extreme heat and the dust and loose gravel very  trying. Stopped at Harry Jones Golden Gate Hotel for dinner  and a rest. Left again 2:30 passed the Prather Ranch at 3:45.  From here to junction stopping place and on to the top of the  sand hills a very heavy rain fell which sure felt good after all  the heat and dust. Arrived at Junction Ranch three miles further  on (this was where the stage road to Okanagan Falls turned  off). A further 11 miles brought me into Penticton. Referring to the  sand hills,- the sand was so deep that I could not even ride the  wheel down to the lakeshore. I finally arrived at the Penticton  Hotel at 6:30 where I got a good supper and a room for the  night.  August 20th, 1903 — Went aboard the S.S. Aberdeen which  pulled out at 6 a.m., arriving at Kelowna at 9:10. Going ashore,  I climbed onto the bicycle again and a ride of 10 miles over the  Kelowna-Vernon stage road to the junction of Scotty Creek Road  which I followed to the homes of Robert S. Hall and Frank Conkling and reached the end of the trail — 282 miles long.  121 ^swow *^rt ~Arll d5eaan  EDITOR'S NOTE: The essay that follows is the one accorded first  prize in the annual High School' Essay Contest sponsored by the  Okanagan Historical Society.  The writer of this essay and this year's winner is David Amor of  Oliver, a Grade IX student at the Southern Okanagan High  School.  By DAVID AMOR  Today, the leading fruit processing concern in the Okanagan Valley is the grower-owned Sun Rype Products Ltd. With  three plants, two in Kelowna and one in Oliver, its main function is to utilize that portion of the fruit crop not required by the  fresh fruit market. In the minds of the general public Sun Rype  means primarily apple juice but it uses many kinds of fruit. All  things have their beginning and to quote Mr. Ted Atkinson who  is head of the Fruit Products Laboratory at the Dominion Research Station at Summerland:  "Mr. Louis Deighton of Oliver is the daddy of the apple  juice industry of the Okanagan."  Here briefly, as outlined by Mr. Deighton is how it all began.  It all started with an idea, and the idea running through  Mr. Deighton's head was that surely something could be done  with all the waste fruit that was hauled from the packing houses  to the dump every day. Not only was that fruit wasted but the  growers had to pay for the hauling. So Mr. Deighton sat down  and thought and out of that thinking came the germ of an idea  that in time blossomed forth into the complex processing manufacture of today.  Mr. Deighton realized that the solution to the cull problem  lay in making juice of the waste fruit. After experimenting at  home, he went to the Oliver Co-op in 1937 and got a grant of  $250 to make further experiments with apple processing, and  with the help of three other men, Mr. Alec Gilmer, Mr. P. C.  Coates and Mr. Archie Millar commenced work. Their equipment consisted of a small hand press constructed of junk from  the Nickel Plate mine, a macerator or apple crusher and a three  foot pasteurizer borrowed from the Research Station at Summer-  land. To this was added later six twenty-four foot glass tubes  and connections of rubber tubing.  122 How It All Began  Their operations "were carried on in Stowell and Huntley's  cannery with the Oliver Co-op providing the apples.  Then for three years, the Co-op discontinued the experiments and Mr. Deighton carried on alone at his own place.  After three years in which Mr. Deighton sold his apple juice  successfully under his own name, the Oliver Co-op once again  decided to finance the business.  During the years with the Co-op, the juice was sold mainly  in the Interior and the Kootenays and Mr. Deighton spent a lot  of his time travelling around giving samples to retailers and  taking orders for juice. Then, in 1941, business merited the building of the juice plant in Oliver town which the next year was  rebuilt on a larger scale.  The increased capacity of the plant pointed out the need  for more fruit and the local packing houses, the Southern Co-op,  the Osoyoos Co-op, B.C. Shippers and MacLean and Fitzpatrick  co-operated by sending some of their culls. Most types of apples  locally grown were being used except Delicious.  Then, in 1943, experiments were made with Delicious and  lime juice, and so was made the now famous "Applelime". The  same year, a twenty-foot evaporating column was set up for the  production of syrups and jellies. Ordinary juice is changed to  these by-products in three seconds by evaporating the water in  the juice and leaving the sugars.  In 1944 a survey of the potential market in western Canada  was made and the results showed a future potential of 125,000  cases of apple juice alone.  After the southern Okanagan had proved the success of  apple processing, the Kelowna and Vernon growers decided to  open processing plants and by 1945, juice was being marketed  from individual plants up and down the Valley under different  labels. Then in 1946, at Oliver, occurred a break-through which  saw the processing of by-products on a completely different footing. It was in this year also that the British Columbia Fruit  Growers' Association formed a new company known as B.C.  Fruit Processors Ltd. out of the four existing plants, the one in  Oliver, two in Kelowna and one in Woodsdale. The now famous  Sun Rype label was registered and from that time on a steady  process of automation was begun.  123 How It All Began  Mr. Deighton, the man behind it all, continued to manage  the plant at Oliver, until the time of the amalgamation of ihe  plants under B.C. Processors Ltd.  For the next few years, Mr. Jack Bell and Mr. Robinson were  in charge. After that, Mr. Peter Enns took over and managed  the plant right through until 1957. After Mr. Enns left, Mr. T_.es  Amor took his place as manager.  In 1949, in the Oliver plant there were 52 employees and  the total production was in the neighborhood of 2,500 cases a  day whereas in 1961 32 employees were producing 4,500 cases  daily.  What began as an apple juice industry has now changed  into a vast processing complex, utilizing surplus products of apricots, peaches and cherries as well as apples.  During the peak of the season, six carloads of cons are  used daily, over 300 people are employed and the annual payroll amounts to half a million dollars.  Today sixteen products are marketed under the Sun-Rype  label; Clear, Opalescent and Applelime Juice, Orangecot, Apple-  cot and Apricot Nectars, numerous pie-fillers and many others.  In 1959 the name British Columbia Fruit Processors was  changed to Sun Rype Products Ltd. to incorporate the famous  brand name.  It has been a hard climb, from a small hand press and some  borrowed equipment to the large hydraulic presses and complicated machinery of today, but it has been worth it. Today Sun  Rype has its own trucking fleet io pick up fruit from the fifty  packing houses in the Valley and the three juice plants operate  to capacity during the fruit season. Sun Rype has its own selling agency for the whole of North America and it has been estimated that about four million dollars have been saved by apple  juice that would have otherwise been wasted.  It is seldom that anyone is favored enough to see his own  private dream fulfilled so successfully in such a short time. The  fruit growers in the Okanagan Valley should never forget the  debt they owe to Mr. Louis Deighton of Oliver.  124 IIIlotorina. to the   World Hjrair in  1915  By ALBERT E. T. RAYMER  Mr. R. D. Sullivan told me he was getting married and asked  me if I would like to drive him and his bride to the San  Fransisco World Fair for their honeymoon. He had a 1913 Model  T. Ford car and we knew that one of the exhibits at the World  Fair was a demonstration by Mr. Henry Ford on how he mass  produced Ford cars. To appear at the Fair having driven all the  way from Canada, on a honeymooon in a Ford car had some  entertaining possibilities.  So I agreed to go.  The wedding was to take place in Penticton. On May 12th,  1915, Mr. Sullivan and his future bride Miss McDonald and Dave  Barnes who was going to be best man with myself driving,  left Kelowna for Penticton. There we met Miss McDonald's sister  and her husband Mr. and Mrs. Bert Johnson and the whole  party spent that night at the Incola Hotel. The next day the  wedding took place at the Anglican Church, Penticton.  We had a wedding breakfast at the Incola Hotel and then  the bride and groom and best man Dave Barnes and myself  set off for the San Fransisco World Fair.  The first stop was the mining town of Fairview which we  had to detour to get into. We only stopped an hour and a half,  took some photographs on the steps of the hotel and then set  out for the border which we reached around six o'clock in the  evening.  In those days there was no customs house at Osoyoos so  we had to go on to Oroville and find the Customs man ourselves.  When we did find him he did not know what to do about letting our car through. He finallly decided that the best thing tc  do was for us to go into the customs office in Seattle and have  things straightened out there.  We had supper at Oroville and then went on to Okanagan  where we spent the night.  The next day we went on to Wenatchee. The roads were  much like the roads we had just left in British Columbia, dirt  roads with plenty of ups and downs and corners. But there was  125 Motoring to the World Fair in 1915  The party outside hotel at Fairview.  (Mr. and Mrs. Bert Johnson on  car bumper)).   Sister behind the bride.  plenty of signs of new road construction activity as this was  the year when Washington State began their big road program  that put their roads so far ahead of ours for so many years.  On the morning of the third day we set out for Seattle by  way of the Blewett Pass. Inquiries we had made about the road  conditions were not to promising. We learned that the road up  the. pass was very steep, in fact a lot of it had a 32 per cent  grade. And before we even got to the Pass we had crossed  five creeks without bridges of any kind.  We had got about a quarter of the way up when we started  having troubles. We just could not make the hills. So we unloaded all the luggage and all hands pushed till we got over the  difficult part, then we reloaded and went on again. We repeated  this performance several times, till at last we reached a sign  which said "Summit." I might add we had seen snow several  times at the side of the road.  It was by now about three o'clock in the afternoon. So  after resting a short while we ventured on our way down the  other side. The going was pretty steep. Presently we came to a  126 Motoring to the World Fair in. 1915  Mr. and Mrs. B. D. Sullivan and driver Albert Bayner with map outside Incola Hotel.  place marked "Mountain Home." We could see it was a ranch  and as it looked like a likely place to stop, we went in.  When I came to check the car over it needed a lot of brake  adjustment and a new radius rod. It was common for radius  rods to need repairs in those days. The steering would get  worse and worse and the front axle would bend under the car  and finally you would have to pull into a garage and have the  radius rods replaced. Most garages kept a long piece of bent  iron for no other purpose than to straighten front axles.  The people at the ranch took us in for a couple of days and  the farmer himself drove in to Cle Elum and brought us back  a new radius rod which I installed. We finally got the car ship  shape again and drove into Cle Elum which was about twenty  miles. We spent another two days there having the car checked  over in a garage and collecting information about the next leg  our trip, over the Snoqualmie Pass to Seattle. We were told the  Pass was blocked and would not be cleared for several days.  So Mr. Sullivan decided to ship the car by rail and we took the  train ourselves.  127 Motoring to the World Fair in 1915  We got back into the car on the far side of the Snoqualmie  and drove into Seattle, arriving there some time in the evening.  Mr. Sullivan decided to stay in Seattle a few days and do a little  sightseeing, he also had to contact the customs.  The result of seeing the custom's man was that Mr. Sullivan had to put up a $500.00 bond for the car which was refunded when we returned to Canada. After a nice rest in Seattle  we started out for Portland and just before coming into Vancouver, Wash., a man stopped us on the road and told us we  could not get through as there had been a slide on the road.  The man who had stopped us owned a ferry and offered to  take us across the river to join the road on the other side, a distance of about twelve miles. The trip cost us $6.00 and once we  had reached the other side the road from there on into Portland was pretty good going.  We had a little excitement about three miles outside Portland. We saw a policeman chasing two "holdup" men up the  side of a mountain, firing constantly at them. We stopped our  car to watch. The policeman finally ran out of ammunition.  Seeing us he came running down and asked us if we had any  ammunition. We told him no. So he asked us if we would notify  the police about two miles further on that he needed help, which  of course we did.  We arrived in Portland late in the afternoon and stayed  there for a few days sightseeing. Mr. Sullivan made inquiries  about the road ahead to California and was told all passes were  blocked and would be for several days. There was a road there  alright but it was going to be out of order for at least a week  as far we could learn. As there seemed to be no assurance that  the road would be open again even at the end of a week, we  decided to abandon further motor travel and leave the car in  storage and continue our trip by boat.  It was too bad not to have the Ford with us to meet Henry  Ford at the Word's Fair, but better io arrive without the car  than not to arrive at all.  We left Portland about six p.m. on a Wednesday evening  on a boat called the "George W. Elder" skippered by a Captain  128 Motoring to the World Fair in 1915  Yates. She was a passenger carrying freight boat and sure rolled  for a couple of days. We got into San Fransisco about six a.m. on  Saturday morning. There were taxis at the dock to meet the boat  and we drove to a hotel called "The Cadilac" at the corner of  Eddy and Leavenworth.  We spent about ten days in San Fransisco and enjoyed the  World Fair and then returned by train to Portland. We stayed  there a few more days and got the car out and set out on the  return trip home.  On arrival in Seattle we decided not to try either of the  passes again after our experience on the trip down. So the car  was shipped direct to Wenatchee by rail and we took the train  ourselves. We spent a night in Wenatchee and set out for home  in the car in the morning.  At the approaches to Chelan the road was blocked and the  only detour led down to the lakeshore near a farm house. The  farmer told us to phone Red 9 X and a ferry would come over  and take us across the lake. Loading the car onto the ferry was  quite an experience because the lakeshore approach was almost too steep to go down and the ferry was just big enough  to take the cars back wheels on board without the front wheels  going off. The ferry trip cost us $2.00 but we were able to go  right on through to Oroville for the night.  The next morning we cleared the Customs and got home  to Kelowna by evening.  Whenever I had any spare time on the trip I spent it plugging holes in the tires caused by shale and rocks. Gasoline  varied from 12c to 15c a gallon and lubricating oil was cheap too.  129 S^tenwuken  By HESTER WHITE  This story was told to me by an Indian called Susap. He  was a wonderful man and I was proud to call him "friend". In  1872 as a young man he went to work for Mr. Barrington-Price  near Keremeos and in 1888 he came to work for my father, Judge  Haynes, at Osoyoos. He helped with the cattle and served as  guide and packer when we travelled over the Hope Trail to the  Coast. He also guided Bishop and Mrs. Silitoe over the Hope  Trail to Osoyoos in 1880 and in consequence he was sometimes  called "Silitoe".  He came to see me one Christmas in Penticton and related  the following tale.  "Stenwyken, The Hairy Giant who smelt as of burning hair,  left large tracks near the Indian caches from which he helped  himself to the dried meat, fish, roots and berries stored for the  winter.  "He was often seen at the mouths of creeks catching fish.  He was a peaceful man and never harmed the Indians.  "However, one day in the long ago at berry time a young  Indian maiden disappeared; it was feared that Stenwyken had  carried her away. After a long time she returned to her tribe  and told the following tale. Stenwyken had seized her and carried her to a large cave, the floor of which was covered with  skins of bear, deer and mountain sheep. She was given roots,  berries, dried fish and meat to eat and was not molested or  harmed in any way, but a large stone was rolled across the  mouth of the cave making her a prisoner.  "When alone she made moccasins of some of the hides,  hoping somehow, sometime, to escape. One night when the  moon shone bright she noticed that the stone was not quite tight  at the cave mouth and she slipped out. After travelling many  miles and for a long time she found her people.  130 Stenwyken  "Some years after this episode, a maiden of a north Okanagan tribe vanished from the camp. Three years later she returned and related the story of her capture. Stenwyken had  seized her, put pitch on her eyelids and carried her to a large  cave. Sometimes afterwards she gave birth to a baby but it  died. In due time pitch was again put over her eyes and she  was carried back to a spot near her people's camp. There the  pitch was removed and she was released. Stenwyken remained  hidden and watched her safe arrival."  The cave in which Stenwyken lived is supposed to be a  large cave near Princeton. Miners on their way to the Fraser  goldfields sometimes hid in the cave when they feared the Indians the story goes.  A. E. Howse, who had a general store in Princeton, used the  cave to store his merchandise, and before the Hope-Princeton  road was built the mouth of the cave could be seen from the  Kettle Valley trains.  A Japanese, working in a mine at the north end of the Valley was awakened one night when something heavy brushed  against his tent. Thinking it was his employer, he went to the  door and there stood Stenwyken with his hands out making  signs for something to eat. He was given food and left. Again  near Lumby Stenwyken came to a tent with hands out asking  for food and left peacefully when satisfied.  No doubt the Susquatch of Harrison Lake and Stenwyken of  the Okanagan are one and the same. As he has done no harm  he deserves consideration and his freedom to roam at will.  131 (7~>envoulin   Ulnited i^kurck  try pniyno.-r. cpton  The frame Church, standing back from the Benvoulin Road  amid the fields, this year celebrated its 70th anniversary on September 16th, 1962. The Bethel Presbyterian Church was dedicated by the Reverend Thomas Somerville, D.D., of Glasgow, Scotland, in September 11th, 1892. He presented to the original congregation a pulpit Bible to commemorate his part in the dedication service. The Bible still serves, having been carefully rebound. The flyleaf carries the inscription: May 17, 1894— Presented to the Presbyterian Church at Guisachan, B.C., in memory of his visit by — Thomas Somerville, Minister, Blackfriars,  Glasgow — who conducted the opening service, Sept. '92.  Lady Aberdeen and her husband were prime movers in ihe  establishment of the Church. In her Mission she writes "The Mission is now the headquarters of the large district, and it is also  the residence of a lay brotherhood who cultivate a farm and  orchard. The two priests in residence, Father Marzial and Fr-  de Briendt, were both amongst our guests at our social at Guisachan, and the latter gave us two songs, while the Presbyterian  minister, Mr. Langell (sic), gave us a recitation. The other gathering was a little Sunday afternoon service conducted by Lord  Aberdeen. This was intended as a sort of formal taking possession and dedication of the house, and it was delightful to find  all our neighbors, both Protestant and Roman Catholic, gathering together for the occasion. Some sort of gathering, such as  this, on the Sunday afternoon or evening, has also become another institution at Guisachan".  Lady Aberdeen continues — "In the Okanagan Valley there  is a service now every Sunday; at the upper end one Sunday,  at the house of some good neighbors, the Postills, and at our end  the next Sunday, at the Schoolhouse, which the Board have gladly lent for the purpose, although several members are Roman  Catholic. At the present time the minister lives in Vernon, thirty-  five miles away, and has to return there always in time for evening service. There are but three women in the congregation,  Mrs. Munson, Mrs. Crozier and Mrs. Postill. All the rest were  young men and lads who looked as if they knew how to work.  Mr. Langell (sic), quite adopted the same free and easy attitude,  and spoke to his hearers as if he were one of them."  132 Benvoulin United Church  Mr. and Mrs. P. F. Langell  The late W. D. Hobson, in his diary, has the following entry  for Feb. 13th, 1892; "Went over to the school house to discuss  plans for the Church. Smith took the chair. Passed resolution  to have new plan made on reduced scale. Watson, schoolmaster  and Donald, fruit agent, came back to dinner." Plans modelled  on the Crathie Church in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, were settled  upon and work commenced with W. H. Raymer as contractor.  Donations were secured from the settlers in the district, Lord  Aberdeen contributing generously, as well as sending his men  and team. The property was registered in the names of J. Wat-  133 Benvoulin United Church  son, school teacher; Robert Munson and James Crozier, who,  until they passed away, constituted the Board of Trustees. Plans  were evidently submitted by Howard Dell. To Mrs. R. Munson  was granted the honor of giving the name "Bethel" to the new  church. Residents of Guelph, Ontario, supported the Church  for many years as part of their missionary endeavor- The land  was donated by George Grant Mackay, and all the lumber used  in the church building was cut locally at the Lequime mill.  Following the pattern of Crathie Church, the building had  four vaulted arches, and a tower (since partially removed) on the  north side. The original pews are arranged in rows following ihe  arc of a circle, and face the pulpit which sits on the east side  on a raised dais. Near the dais is the original organ, still in use.  Behind the pew stands a huge cylindrical stove, truly a symbol  of days gone by. In 1932 the original church foundations were  removed and new foundations put in. However, by 1953 it was  decided that the tower was leaning dangerously, and the top  portion was removed. The hall and kitchen were added in April,  1956.  In the early days, services were held at the Church on Sunday morning, Postill's Ranch in the afternoon and Vernon in the  evening. The congregation joined the United Church of Canada  by resolution in 1925, and the edifice is now known as Benvoulin  United Church.  As far as is known, the first Protestant minister to visit the  Valley was the Rev. John Chisholm, a Presbyterian. Stationed at  Nicola in 1884 he made a trip between Nicola and the Rocky  Montains. During the trip he travelled the entire length of the  Okanagan Valley conducting services. In 1889 Rev. f. Knox  Wright, stationed at Armstrong, visited the lower end of the Valley, and recommended that a missionary be stationed at Vernon, from where he could travel down the Valley. This recommendation resulted in the appointment of Rev. Paul F. Langill  to Vernon in 1890. From there he went regularly to Benvoulin,  Kelowna and Postill's ranch, and also to Lumby. Some humorous incidents of the early life of the Church are given by Rev.  Wm. Stott. "Stories come floating down from this period that  have the tang of pioneer days about them. On one occasion the  Minister became irritated by a restless child in church. He made  some reference to it, and the father took the child out; but after  134 Benvoulin United Church  Benvoulin Church  <JV*#« VnJSCROfjt'  the service there were words between father and minister which  finally terminated in a fisticuff encounter between the two." On  another occasion he states — "At the Church, when a funeral  service was being conducted by a visiting minister over the  body of one Hugh Keyes, a pause occurred. The ushers, not  used to church funerals, decided that it was time for the offering, so the the plate was passed with all due decorum, and very  few present felt the incongruity of the circumstance. Another  report has it that bees caused consternation among the congregation one morning, when they decided that one of the vaulted  135 Benvoulin United Church  Benvoulin Church  arches was the ideal spot to swarm. An entry for "black bunting" in an old account book, was puzzling in later years, but it  appears that this was bought to drape the church for funerals.  It had been decided that too many people were preferring to  hold funerals in their own parlors rather than in the Church!  The Church, built in 1892, was Presbyterian until 1925, when  the congregation, without a dissenting voice, voted to enter the  United Church of Canada. The first Communion Roll of which  there is any record is contained in the records of St. Andrew's  Church, Vernon, and is in the handwriting of Rev. Geo. A. Wilson, and dated 1898. It contains the following names: Mr. and  Mrs. John Morrison, Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Duncan, Mr. and Mrs.  Richard Lowe, Mr. and Mrs. John Brown, Mr. and Mrs. F. G.  Watson, Mr. and Mrs. Wright, Mr. Shepher Boyce, Mr. A. Hardy,  Mr. Simpson, Mrs. H. Dell, Mrs. Mable Dell, Mrs. Crozier, Miss  Lucy Crozier, Miss M. Campbell, Mrs. Maggie McKinley, Mrs.  Wm. Swalwell, Mr. Alex Gordon, Mr. lames Murray, Mr. los.  Murray, Mr. Frank Conklin, Mr. Harvey Chapman, Mr. Thos.  Parkinson, Mr. Harvey Watson.  Up to the time of Union the following ministers and students  136 Benvoulin United Church  had served the Church: 1891 Rev. Paul F. Langill, 1893 Mr. J.  M. Millar, 1894 Dr. J. H. McVicar, 1894 Mr. Reid, 1895 Mr. McKay,  1896 Mr. J. H. Wallace, 1896 Mr. Alexander Dunn, 1897 Mr.  George Mason, 1898 Rev. R. Boyle, 1899 Rev. P. D. Muir, 1902  Mr. Charles Foote, 1905 Rev. A. W. Herdman, 1912 Mr. D. C.  Herron, 1912 Rev. J. R. O'Brien, 1915 Rev. W. T. Beattie, 1916  Rev. David Lister, 1917 Mr. J. F. Briggs, 1918 Rev. W. H. Bates,  1919 Rev. Peter Connall, 1920 Rev. J. A. Dow.  Trustees up to Union were: 1892 Mr. J. Watson, Mr. Robert  Munson, Mr. James Crozier; 1915 Mr. Manley Byrns, Mr. Alexander Gordon.  Organists have been: Miss Lucy Crozier, Miss Clara Nai-  smith, Miss Lily Patterson, Miss Sylvia Weeks, Miss Dora Day,  Mrs. Lund, Mrs. McGregor, Mrs. Northcott, Mrs. John Birch.  Elders have been: 1903-1926, Mr. Alexander Reid; 1905-  1926, Mr. Donald McEachern.  Stewards before Union were: 1903 Mr. Alex Reid, 1905 Mr.  D. McEachern, 1906 Mr. A. Patterson, 1906 Mr. W. A. Scott, 1913  Mr. W. M. Todd, 1915 Mr. Archibald Hardy, 1917 Mr. Alex  Cowan, 1917 Mr. Wm. Patterson, 1920 Mr. Wm. Hamill.  Records of early bequests and gifts are not available with  the exception of the picture of Crathie Church given by Lady  Aberdeen. In 1908 the silver christening bowl was presented  by Mrs. George Boyer. Mr. and Mrs. William Hodgins gave six  chairs and a Sunday School table in 1950 and 1952 respectively.  The piano, purchased by the Community Women's Co-operative  Group, was used for many years by the Benvoulin School, but  always belonged to the Church. A linen undercloth, with acorn  design, was presented by the McMillan Circle. The oak offering  plates, hand turned by Dr. and Mrs. Fred Webb of North Battleford, were presented by Dr. Webb to the congregation in August,  1949. The water color record of the building, hanging in the  Church, and done before any change was made, was painted  and given by Mrs. J. Lamont. The pictures of "Christ", "Christ  Among the Doctors" and "Christ with the Child" were all presented by Alex "Sandy" Stewart. Red drapes were given by Mrs.  P. Mallett in 1957. Mr. and Mrs. C. Doran gave the Sunday  School blackboard in 1955. The flower basket was presented by  Mrs. Frank Snowsell.  137 Benvoulin United Church  Official Union took place on June 10th, 1925, and all office  bearers resigned to clear the way for re-organization as a United Church of Canada congregation. The following were elected  Trustees: Alexander Reid, Archibald Hardy, Donald McEachern,  Wm. Hamill, Mrs. J. B. Fisher. Elders: Alexander Reid, Donald  McEachern. Stewards: Wm. Hamill, D. McEachern, Alex Reid,  Mrs. J. B. Fisher. Secretary: Wm. Hamill.  Other Elders since Union have been: Mr. Wm. Hamill, Rev.  A. McMillan, Mr. Robert Nichols, Mr. Leslie Chato, Mr. Wilbur  Reid.  Organists since Union have been: Miss Ruth Reid, Miss Ellen Hardy, Mrs. J. B. Fisher, Mrs. Wilbur Reid, Miss Beatrice  Fisher, Mr. Harry Johnson-  Officers from 1952 to 1962 have been, Elders: Hedley Burt,  George Reid, Milton Hallman. Stewards: Arthur Gellatly, Milton Hallman, Mrs. Hubert Nichols, Mrs. Oliver McFarlane,  George Reid.  The Sunday School has been carried on through the years.  The McMillan Circle, formed in 1946, is still active. The Ladies'  Aid Society, organized in 1905, was dissolved in 1940. Original  members were Mrs. R. Munson, Mrs. Alex Reid, Mrs. M. Byrns,  Mrs. J. Leytle, Mrs. Stewart and Mrs. A. Patterson.  The first minister, Rev. Paul F. Langill, died on April 13,  1938, in his 86th year. He was born at River John, N.S., and was  educated at Pictou Academy, Queen's University and Princeton  Seminary. He was ordained in 1885, served as assistant at St.  Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Winnipeg. He was appointed  to his first charge, Vernon, in 1890. Later he served at churches  in Ontario, and in Manitoba. After retirement he resided at Fin-  gal, Ontario. He had five children, Kate J. and Josephine H., Mrs.  J. L. Zoller, Paul Cameron, all living in Toronto; Lauder living  in The Pas; and a stepson, A. E. Duncan, living in Minneapolis.  Dr. George A. Wilson was born in Ontario in 1865. His  student mission work was done in the Revelstoke and Cariboo  areas during the summers of 1892 and 1893. After graduation  from Knox College in 1894, his first charge was at Vernon, where  he had pastoral oversight of Benvoulin.  D. C. Herron was a student minister at Benvoulin during ihe  summer of 1912. He graduated from Glasgow in  1914. He is  138 Benvoulin United Church  remembered for his annual picnic of the congregation, and for  his horse "Nimrod" on which he rode regularly up to the Kettle  Valley construction camps.  Rev. James A. Dow, minister for five years at Benvoulin  from 1920-25, was born in Ontario, and graduated from Knox  College in 1897.  Rev. A. McMillan was born in Ontario and graduated from  Queen's University in 1898. After serving in Manitoba and at  Victoria, B.C., he was sent to Okanagan Landing, and from there  in 1925 to Benvoulin where he took over charge of Benvoulin,  Rutland and Glenmore. It was under his kindly and capable  guidance that Union of ihe Churches within his charge, was  carried out.  Rev. Alan C. Pound was born in Vernon. He graduated from  Victoria University, Toronto. After serving as a missionary in  China, he took over the Benvoulin charge after the retirement  of Rev. A. McMillan. He took his degree as Master of Theology  at Illiff School, Denver, in 1952.  Rev. J. A. Petrie was born in Ontario in 1875. He earned  his B.A. from Queen's University in 1901, and his B.D. in 1906.  After serving overseas, he returned to the North West Territories  in 1919. He took over Benvoulin in 1941, continuing until 1948.  Rev. R. C. S. Crysdale was born in Vancouver in 1914. He  graduated from University of B.C. in 1935 with B.A. and B. Com.  He attended Emmanual College, Toronto, from which he graduated in 1942. After serving at Benvoulin and Rutland he was  called to the Brantford Memorial Church in Ontario.  Rev. P. H. Mallett was born in North Burnaby, and graduated from the University of B.C. in 1937, following which he  taught High School. In 1948 he graduated from Union College  in Theology. He came to Benvoulin in 1952 from Terrace, B.C.  He was followed by Mr. J. A. B. Adams, who arrived in September, 1957.  The present incumbent, Rev. Arthur H. Mundy, was born  in Regina in 1928. He was educated at Queen's University, and  at the University of B.C. He was ordained in 1959, and his first  pastorate was at Vanderhoof.  The Benvoulin United Church, having taken a continuous  part in much of the recorded history of the Okanagan Valley,  139 Benvoulin United Church  celebrated its 70th anniversary on September 16th. Travelling  here for the occasion were Miss Jo Langill and Mrs. J. L. Zoller,  daughters of the first minister, Rev. Paul F. Langill. Descendants  of the original congregation were amongst those at the service,  and it is probable that other descendants will attend other anniversaries in future years. However, the Church is in urgent  need of repair, and it is expected that sympathetic old-timers,  conscious of the influence exerted by the Church, and wishing  to contribute funds for its preservation, will send such help to  Mrs. Wilbur Reid, DeHart Road, R.R. 4, Kelowna-  CAPTAIN THOMAS SHOBTS  Skipper-owner of the Mary Victoria Greenhow, first steamer on  Okanagan Lake. The Mary Victoria Greenhow was launched at Okanagan Landing on April 21, 1886 and was jointly owned by Tom EUis  and Thomas Shorts. She was registered to carry 5 tons of freight and  5 passengers.  This photograph was copied by Eric Sismey of Penticton from a  torn and faded photograph of Captain Shorts belonging to Captain  Joe Weeks.  140 ^sratker f-^andodu,   \J. 11/.^r.  % rrrii/posE upTm*  Father Pandosy exerted a tremendous influence on the new  settlement which he founded at Okanagan Mission — the first  permanent white settlement apart from the forts of the Hudson's  Bay Company. Here was a settlement not built around fur trading, not built on gold. Here was the first place of worship, the  first land husbandry, the first school in ihe southern interior ■—  surely a landmark in the history of our province.  Now, let's learn something about Father Pandosy's background — he was born Charles John Felix Adolph Marie on November 21, 1824, near Marseilles where his parents were landowners, and he grew up surrounded by the benefits which money  and family influence could secure. He first wished to join the  Navy, but later decided to become a missionary. He was a student at the Bourbon College at Aries, and later entered Oblate  Juniorat of Notre Dame de Lumineres. This order, The Congregation of Missianry Oblates of Mary Immaculate had been  founded in 1826 — their object being to teach the Gospel to the  poor. "Oblate" means "One who offers himself".  Appeals came first from Montreal where six Oblates were  sent, and from the West which was then opening up. So, on Feb.  4, 1847, three scholastic brothers, Eugene Chirouse, George Blanchet and Charles Pandosy, a lay brother Celestin Verney, and  Fr. Ricard (who had been appointed superior of the first Oblate  community in Oregon) set sail from Le Havre. After two months  of fighting against awful odds, the little sailing craft reached  New York. From there the party travelled by stage coach and  river boat to St. Louis, by steamboat to Kansas City, and thence  by horseback and foot across thousands of miles of wild prairie  country infested by marauding tribes of Indians. They travelled  in well-armed wagon trains along with other settlers who were  moving to the West. Pandosy arrived at Walla Walla on October 14, 1847. This was nothing more than a trading post plus a  few shacks. He was immediately sent to found a Mission among  the Yakimas. He and Louis D'Herbomez dedicated their Mission  at Ahtanum to Sainte-Croix, and on the Lower Yakima to St.  Rose.  In November, 1847, the Whitman massacres occurred. Dr.  Whitman's Presbyterian  Mission,   only  30   miles  from  Walla  141 Father Pandosy, O.M.I.  Original School built by Father Pandosy  Walla was wiped out by Cayuse Indians who also planned to  kill all whites. Due to this crisis Father Ricard decided to raise  Brothers Pandosy and Chirouse to full priesthood ■— they thus  became the first priests to be ordained in what is now the State  of Washington.  In February, 1848, a force of American volunteers arrived  to avenge the Whitman murders, and the Cayuse War began.  A treaty was signed in 1850 to end the war — but it was an uneasy peace. The priests lived through terrible times, often existing on wild berries, roots and fish. Resentment of the Indians increased with the arrival of a detachment of the U.S. engineers to  survey the country for a proposed railroad to run from the Mississippi to the Pacific coast.  Because the priests had followed a path of neutrality in the  uprisings and discussions, they were looked upon as abettors.  They had managed to gain the trust of several of the Indian  chiefs. On October, 1855, volunteers reached St. Joseph's Mission — from which the Indians had carried Father Pandosy  away. The troops soon disposed of the pigs they found there,  and turned their attention to the vegetable garden. A keg of  142 Father Pandosy,  O.M.I.  powder was discovered when they were digging — here was  proof they were looking for. The volunteers burned the Mission buildings. Destroyed with the building was the original  dictionary compiled by Father Pandosy, consisting of a grammar  and dictionary of the Yakima language — some copies had  been made, and few are known to exist. Fathers Pandosy and  Durieu turned up at the Jesuit Mission at Colville, and there took  refuge.  Conditions were most unsettled in the territory over the  next two years, so it was decided to close the interior missions  south of the border. Father Pandosy was sent to Esquimalt. He  returned to Colville shortly afterwards, and from there he was  sent to found a new mission in the Okanagan. Fr. Pandosy came  up to the Okanagan from Colville with Cyprian and Theodore  Laurence, Wm. Pion and Brother Surel and Fr. Pierre Richard.  Fr. Pandosy wrote to St. Joseph's at Esquimalt from L'Anse au  Sable — "It is a great valley situated on the bank of great Lake  Okanagan — all who know it praise it. The cultivable land is  immense." Their first camp was at Duck Lake, and during the  severe winter which followed, the missionaries almost perished  from cold and lack of food. In the spring they moved to Dry  Creek, and later in the year, 1860, they drove their stakes near  the bank of a stream — now known as Mission Creek. Here they  built a church, school and mission house of logs. Now Father  Pandosy, exhausted and ailing, was called back to Esquimalt  to take charge and Fr. Richard was left in the Okanagan until  Fr. Paul Durieu arrived to take Fr. Pandosy's place. In 1864, Fr.  Pandosy and Fr. Grandidies, set out to found a mission among  the Kwakiutl tribe on the northern shores of Vancouver Island.  In 1863 Fr. Pandosy returned to the Okanagan as Superior, and  here he worked until his death in 1891, with the exception of  five years as Superior at Fort St. James (1882-87).  The territory over which the priests had jurisdiction here,  covered the Okanagan and the Similkameen. In January, 1891,  Fr. Pandosy received a call from Keremeos. He went there,  caught a cold on the return trip, and died on the Penticton Reserve. His remains were returned to Okanagan Mission on the  S.S. Penticton — and he was buried in the first cemetery across  the road from the Mission buildings.  What makes this man so outstanding? He was intelligent and  143 Father Pandosy, O.M.I.  Original Chapel on left, Living Quarters (built later) right  well-educated. He was a huge, powerfully built man with a  booming voice and ready wit. He had large deep-set eyes, well-  marked eyebrows, long straight nose, high scholarly forehead,  curly black hair and a full beard. He had a very hot temper and  was capable of amazing feats of strength, yet was gentle. He  served his flock as teacher, doctor, lawyer, orator, botanist, agriculturist, musician, singing teacher and sports coach. A member  of the Boundary Commission wrote "Father Pandosy is a very  pleasant, well-informed man and has not forgotten the pure-  ness of his native tongue. He would pour forth the fondly remembered songs of La Belle France."  He wrote a grammar and dictionary of the Yakima tongue  —he was a scholar.  On his arrival in the Okanagan — in fact the first night at  Duck Lake, he heard a small sound outside the shelter when  ihe others were asleep. Fr. Pandosy peered out of the shelter  to find it completely surrounded by ferocious looking Indians,  moving in a circle round and round in typical Indian fashion.  After years in the Yakima country, Fr. Pandosy was a veteran of  such ambushes. He went back into the shelter and took a long-  bladed butcher knife from his kit. Walking with head held high,  eyes looking straight ahead, he carried it out to a nearby tree.  Then, using the blade of the knife, he cut a small circle shoulder-  144 Father Pandosy,  O.M.I.  high in the bark. All the while the Indians were circling—watching—waiting. Turning his back to the tree, Pandosy paced off  several steps away from it. Turning again, he took aim, and  scored a perfect bullseye. Then he repeated the whole procedure — and again. By the time he had removed the knife from  the tree for the third time, there wasn't an Indian left in sight.  He was an individualist ■— apparently here he never wore  the long black Oblate cassock, but a Jesuit one. He also wore  a leather belt instead of the wide cloth Oblate cincture. He travelled barefooted and bareheaded in summer, and clad in buckskins in the winter. I like to picture him setting off on a trip —  cassock tucked or pinned up, blanket behind the saddle, and a  piece of bacon for food — he was ready to go anywhere.  He was away from here — first for 7 years, and later for 5  years — but his is the name loved and remembered. Exactly  the same situation exists in the Yakima country. I think he ranks  with the "greats" in Canadian History — Hearne, Thompson,  Fraser, Mackenzie, "Father Pat" Irwin, Anglican clergyman  Ross — to name a few. These men all were given a job to do^—  and they saw this job through even when faced with almost  insurmountable odds. I feel they all would have approved of the  slogan "The difficult we do immediately, the impossible takes  a little longer." So the picture I have of this man is that of a  cultured, highly intelligent, musical individual, big in stature,  big in heart, trigger tempered, but always fair and ready to help  others — a true humanitarian.  145 ^Jke ^jrruit ^rndudtru (/before  1910  By T. P. "TOM" HILL  A letter from Mr. Tom Hill, for many years, foreman then manager  of the Coldstrean Ranch at Vernon, to Mrs. Duncan Tutt secretary  of the Kelowna Branch of the O. H. S., gives some glimpses of the  fruit industry before 1910 in the Kelowna area.  "I first became associated with the fruit industry in Victoria  in 1903 and moved to Kelowna in the spring of 1904. From that  time until my retirement in 1953 I was active in all phases of  the industry.  In those early days all the fruit tree plantings were on the  lower levels in and around Kelowna and at Okanagan Mission.  There were no orchards on the K. L. O. or at Rutland or Glenmore (then known as Dry Valley). I might insert a personal  recollection with reference to yourself. Mr. George Whelan had  a small orchard on his farm at Ellison and I was sent there to  pick and pack his crop, by Messrs. Stirling and Pitcairn. (Note:  This orchard was planted in 1884 from stock taken from Father  Pandosy's orchard at Okanagan Mission). In that year Mr. Whelan and his family took a trip to England and your father Mike  Hereron was left in charge of his farm. This was somewhere  the 1900's and I remember that there was a little Nellie in the  family and that there was an Aunt Nellie in charge. Your mother  had died some time previously.  The packing of the crop was done under the superintendence of Mr. Wilson Henry, a Californian who came annually  to take charge of Stirling and Pitcairn's operation and who is  credited with being the man who introduced box packing of  apples in the valley. The apples were dumped into bins and the  packers did their own culling, grading and sizing. There were  no grading or sizing machines in those days. Some weird packs  were put on the market but it did not matter too much as the  demand at that time was far greater than the supply. In Kelowna  at thai time as I recall things, there were only three firms packing apples, namely Stirling and Pitcairn; Kelowna Farmer's Exchange and Rowcliffe Brothers.  With regard to the actual growing end of the industry, there  were few problems. Our chief pests or diseases were green and  146 The Fruit Industry Before 1910  woolly aphis and apple scab. There was no Codling Moth and  two or three sprays annually seemed to be sufficient. For Apple  Scab we applied a dormant spray of lime sulphur which we  cooked ourselves, there being no commercial preparation available until a much later date. All orchards were clean cultivated  and a weed was seldom allowed to show its head above the  ground. This meant that teamsters worked all day in clouds of  dust and this was far from being healthy. There were no tractors.  l/alleu ^!r rJLove  By JANET ANDERSON  Valley I love, there's a place at the head of the lake  Where the road goes by;  Winding around and up to the windswept hill  Where the old graves lie;  There are houses now, down by the quiet shore  I used to know;  And across the gathering dusk, like guiding lights  The windows glow  Valley I love, your people who lived and were buried  Where high winds blow,  Do they dream of far horizons, and trails lost now  Where our fruit trees grow?  Do they wake and travel the silver path on the lake  Under the midnight sky,  When the stars gleam bright at the full of the moon?  Or do they die?  Valley I love, when you come to the end of the year  And the days draw in;  When the falling leaves drift aimless hither and yon  And the snows begin;  Listen! Memory whispers the promise of Spring  When the sap ran high;  And hear you bugles sounding around the places  Where old graves lie?  147 &   C.   WeddJl,   Q.C.  4y fUlMUOSV, UPTON  wsss:psTM«;? >:~mm Another link with Kelowna's  past has been broken with the  death of E. C. Weddell, Q.C, at  his home on June 9th, 1962. His  wife, the former Katherine Frances Huntington Bliss of Ottawa,  predeceased him in 1960. He is  survived by three sons, Ted in  Trenton, Philip and Brian of Kelowna.  Edwin Clyde Weddell was  born in Ontario in 1891 and came  to Kelowna in 1895, and has resided here since. After finishing  school in Kelowna, he was employed by the Kelowna Courier  for a short time as a "printer's  devil". Following this, he left to  go to Vancouver where he was  articled for the bar with a law firm there.  E. C. WEDDELL, Q.C.  Mr. Weddell was the solicitor for the city of Kelowna for  many years- "Bud", as he was affectionately known by his  friends, was active in politics, and served as cm officer of the  local and Okanagan Valley Conservative groups. He was a  charter member of the Kelowna Gyro Club. A staunch member  of the Anglican Church, he has served as a Diocesan official  for many years. He was District Commissioner for the Boy  Scouts, after having been Scoutmaster, where he taught the  high principles of Scouting to several generations of local boys.  Professionally, he was held in the highest esteem by his  legal confreres, and by the public. Responsible for the formation of the Yale Bar Association, he was its first president. High  tribute was paid to him editorially in the Kelowna Courier following his death. "He was a man of complete integrity professionally and he was always rigidly fair. He believed in the high  ethics of his profession, and lived by them.  "An unobtrusive man, his influence was extensive. He had  many loyal friends.  Indeed,  looking back over two decades  148 E. C. Weddell, Q.C.  one cannot recall hearing a single disparaging remark about  him. He was tolerant and -: he-:wa;s-. kindly-  He will be missed by his friends and family — and by the  city which he loved."  +  __.y«  eUJauS  Ketone (/5u  By JUDGE T. H. MURPHY  The history of placer mining camps appears to be the same  in all mining countries, a great rush to the new camp, a season  of feverish excitement, and perhaps prosperity: then a decline  which ends in a stampede to some new discovery, leaving  behind it a few old-timers who either lacked the means or the  energy to follow the new rush.  There is no picture of desolation more impressive than an  old deserted mining camp with the tumble down buildings, its  deserted tunnels, shafts and pits, which in the boom days of the  camp had either been the treasure chest of wealth or the graves  of unrewarded labor. The old-timer's presence on the scene only  makes it the more weird, as he is seen dodging in and out of  holes (like gophers) in search of a grub-stake. He is in keeping  with his surroundings — a ghost of the past.  The Tulameen and Similkameen rivers were to some extent worked in the sixties, but the richer and more distant fields  of Cariboo, Big Bend and Cassiar drew the mining population  away, leaving only a few old-timers to stand guard over the  hidden wealth of the district. So closely was that wealth guarded  by the isolation of the country, or the Government's neglect to  bring it in touch with the world's commercial marts, it was not  until the year 1885 that it received its lease of mining life and  made acquaintance with the outside world.  Early in the summer of 1885 Charles de Barrow (now of  Otter Flat) and Joe Florence came in from the coast and started  mining on the Tulameen river about two miles below the present  town of Granite. They were doing fairly well. This drew ihe  attention of some stockmen from the other side of the interna-  149 In Days Gone By  tional boundary line who were herding a bunch of horses in the  adjacent hills. They, too, went to mining, no doubt thinking it  safer to mine for gold than to take the risk of being caught herding stock without the consent of the real owners.  One of the stockmen, John Chance by name, in looking for  a strayed horse wandered up what is now Granite Creek. Kneeling down to drink, he saw gold lying on the bedrock. Helping  himself to what gold there was in sight, he returned to camp and  reported the new strike.   The news spread like a prairie fire.  The Canadian Pacific Railroad had just finished building  and the railroad laborers flocked to the new gold fields by the  hundreds. The town of Granite sprang up as if by magic, the  wilderness resounded to the song of labour, for an era of prosperity had suddenly dawned upon the land.  Merchants, saloonkeepers and gamblers jostled each other  to get their wares introduced to a market where gold was plentiful and prices not considered. The gambler could keep a hog  in the faro box or work a holdout in a faro game, for the early  whiskey was destructive of both sense and sight.  Several new creeks were struck in the fall of 1885—Cedar,  Slate and Bear Creeks and Collin's Gulch.  From '85 until '88, according to the report of the minister of  mines, gold valued at $553,500.00 came out of this district. But  this report is very unsatisfactory, as much gold went out of the  country without passing through the hands of gold buyers here.  On the decline of the Granite Creek mines the miners scattered out all over the country; many down toward the line  prospecting for quartz -—■ finding camp Fairview and the Silver  King at Nelson.  Granite was the last of the old time placer camps in southern British Columbia and it has gone the way of all mining  camps. Its tumble down shacks are only a reminder of what it  was in its boom days, and its very name will soon be but an  echo from the past.  Princeton, situated at the confluence of the Similkameen  and Tulameen rivers is a modern town. It is still in its youth  for scarcely a decade has passed over its head (1905). Although  150 In Days Gone By  as a town it is young in years, yet as a camping ground it antedates the advent of the white man.  The Hope Trail passed through Princeton and continued  through to the Okanagan country, and was in early days the  only means of communications with the coast. In addition to its  excellent location it is blessed with an ideal climate, and within  easy reach of promising mining camps. It is built on a coal bed  which will one day prove its most valuable asset. Copper  Mountain as its name implies, is a copper camp and every  shade of copper from carbonate to sulphide is found. It appears  a vast dyke shoved up, the gangue being diorite. Kennedy  Mountain lies north of Copper Mountain, and is also a copper-  gold camp. They are 15 miles west of Princeton. Roche River  camp at the head of the Similkameen River, is producing some  high grade gold ore.  Six miles west of Granite Creek is Tulameen City, better  known as Otter Flat, situated at the junction of the Tulameen and  Otter Rivers, and consisting of 300 acres of bottom land flanked  by these streams, with Otter Lake on the north. The bold Alpine  scenery in the distance makes a fitting background to one of  nature's fairest pictures. Three years ago the Government had  the flat surveyed as a townsite, and sent a booster to sell lots,  giving buyers a guarantee that the logs and brush would be  cleared off. The government graciously accepted the money but  the logs and brush are still there. Around it are rich mining  camps which will one day give it an important place among  Similkameen towns.  Boulder Creek lies some three miles to the north of Otter  Flat and carries one of the richest mineral dykes in British Columbia. The now famous Cousin Jack group with gold as the  dominant metal is in this belt. Rabbit Mountain lies two miles  west of Boulder Creek and has a fine showing of copper and  gold. Bear Creek lies eight or nine miles north west of Otter  Flat and bids fair to become one of the richest camps in British Columbia. Kelly Creek and Summit Camps will also be in  line as bullion producers as soon as transportation is secured.  The proximity of all these justifies great expectation for  Otter Flat. As Tulameen City it is new, but as Otter Flat it has  a past around which glowing memories of love and war and  151  rmmw HIGH SCHOOt Umm  <____-<£.  3= _______ 7j^ In Days Gone By  adventure are clustered. Before the advent of the gold-seekers  it was a Hudson's Bay camp and was called "Camp du Femme"  or the Woman's camp. The old Brigade trail from Fort Hope to  Fort Kamloops passed here. War, hunting and pleasure parties  were organized in this camp, and it was here that Donald McLean, the warrior factor of Fort Kamloops, held regal sway in  the northern wilds, and before Hudson's Bay men set foot west  of the Rockies it was a favorite rendezous for councils of the  chiefs where the pipe of peace or the bloody hatchet were passed around.  Here too, the young buck in feathered headdress and gee  string made love to the dusky maiden gorgeously gotten up in  new moccassins and a sunny smile: but under the benign influence of ihe white man's civilization and the good work of ihe  missionaries ihe barbarous customs of the Indians have disappeared. So have the Indians.  T. H. Murphy, J.P.  <=JLansdowne   (^emeteru   KJver   85    UlearS    ^Jld  Of special interest in the history of any community are ihe  burial places, and Lansdowne Cemetery holds such a place in  the North Okanagan. Neglected somewhat for years, this year  the Armstrong Teen Town organization has selected Lansdowne  Cemetery as a special project and will concentrate on rehabilitating the historical site, assisted in such a task by a grant made  available from the government through the offices of the Okanagan Historical Society. It is hoped in this way to preserve a  veneration for those lying there, for the pioneers did make a  contribution to this country that will take some living up to in  this generation.  From a record book kept by the Clerk of the Municipality  of Spallumcheen are gleaned the names and dates of interment  in Lansdowne Cemetery. This book has passed through many  hands as recorders and some of them have not been too diligent and accurate in making entries. This might be expected as  Lansdowne Cemetery has been in use for over 85 years, al-  152 Lansdowne Cemetery Over 85 Years Old  though very few burials have taken place during the past  twenty years. The land was donated for cemetery purposes by  Herman Wicher, first pre-emptor of land in what is now Spallumcheen municipality.  We give the entries as they appear in this book:  Mr. Flint, Sept. 23, 1911; Harry Seydell, Sept. 2, 1912; Edward W. Patten, April 23, 1938; Eugenia V- Patten, May 14, 1938;  Alex Crawford (no date); R. R. Bowel (no date); Amos Hill (no  date); Mrs. Amos Hill, Nov. 16, 1927; Henry Hill, June 22, 1936  (77 years); Janet Ida Hill, May 13, 1940 (75 years); Mrs. A. E.  Morgan, Nov. 3, 1901; Mrs. Heggie, Oct. 1914; Mrs. Gourley,  April 6, 1906; Mr. McQuarrie, 1917; Mrs. McQuarrie, 1917; Thomas Leduc, Mar. 24, 1912; Larry Long (no date); Augustus Schubert (no date); Mrs. Catherine Schubert (no date) 83 years; J.  C. Tilton (no date); A. L. Fortune, 1915; Mrs. Choquette (no date);  Mrs. John Thompson, Sept. 19, 1909 (65 years); John Thompson  (no date); W. T. Marshall, 1917; Arthur Emeny (no date) 84  years; Joseph Fear, Feb. 24, 1924 (72 years); Annie Fear, Feb.  28, 1912; H. Ehmke, Oct. 24, 1911; J. L. Bird, Nov. 1, 1910; John  Grinton, Feb. 7, 1905 (65 years); J. L. Hartwell (no date); L. W.  Patten (no date); Mr. Seed (no date); George Wallace (no date);  Mrs. H. Swanson (1942); Elizabeth Lambly, Oct. 5, 1894 (78  years); Thomas James, Aug- 11, 1898 (50 years).  153 (J—>ernard ueriuA Bernard  By KELOWNA BRANCH CORRESPONDENCE  From: Mrs. D. Tutt, Secretary, Kelowna Branch, Okanagan  Historical Society.  To: Mr. J. H. Browne, Manager, CKOV Radio Station,  Bernard Ave., Kelowna, B.C.  Dear Mr. Browne:—  At a meeting of the executive of the Kelowna Branch of the  Okanagan Historical Society held on Friday evening several  members mentioned that they had been questioned recently  concerning the correct pronunciation of "Bernard" Ave. Complaints have been received from old time residents that both the  Radio Station and CHBC-TV are using the wrong pronunciations  of the name.  This being the case I was asked to respectfully call your attention to this fact and ask your co-operation in getting your  announcers to use the correct pronunciation of "Bernard" with  the accent on the first syllable. This street was so named by  Bernard Lequime himself when he laid out the townsite of Kelowna in 1895. Many old timers are still living who knew him  and can vouch for the way he pronounced his name.  How the wrong pronunciation came to be used remains a  mystery- Whether there was some confusion between Bernard  Ave. in Kelowna and Barnard Ave. in Vernon is not known.  Possibly some one thought that Lequime being a French name  the Christian name should also be given a French sound. At  any rate this could not have been a Frenchman as the correct  French pronunciation is shown as Ber nar with the "d" silent.  The present pronunciation being used by CKOV is incorrect in  both French and English.  Knowing the power of the spoken word, especially when  heard time after time, our Society is most anxious to have this  matter put right so that the correct pronunciation of Mr. Lequime's name may once more honor him in the city he founded.  Our society has always been grateful for the fine co-operation your station has given us in our various projects and trust  154 Bernard versus Bernard  that you will once more give us your whole-hearted co-operation in this matter.  Thanking you,  Mrs.  D. Tutt,  Sec'y Kelowna Branch O.H.S.  When Mr. Browne received this letter he was not unnaturally impressed by its good sense and searched his mind for a  satisfactory way to settle the matter for all time- He hit upon  the brilliant idea of submitting the matter to the world's highest  authority on pronunciation he could think of — namely Professor Ewert of Oxford University.  The novelty of the situation and also no doubt the eloquence  of Mrs. Tutt's letter apparently appealed to Oxford's Professor  of the Romance Languages because he came back with the following scholarly reply which could serve as a permanent reference for all future members of the Okanagan Historical Society in settling questions of pronunciation of local names.  From: 15 Blandford Ave., Oxford.  To: The General Manager, Okanagan Broadcasters Ltd.  Dear Sir:—  Your letter has been passed on to me and I will do my best  to help you.  The problem you pose is interesting and singularly complex, since the pronunciation of proper names is determined by  so many factors operating in varying degrees in varying circumstances.  Etymology and the history of the name in English suggest  that Ber nard is correct (eg. Gerard, Leonard, Edward, Gifford,  Richard, etc.). But various influences (analogy, etc.) sometimes  disturb the pattern. Thus the telephone exchange Gerrard in  London is, I believe, always pronounced Gerrard and I suspect  that this is due at least in part to the desire to make the name  more distinctive than it would be if the last syllable were more  or less slurred. For quite a different reason the name Daventry  was pronounced as written which became the name of the BBC  Broadcasting Station, because the old traditional "popular" and  155 Bernard versus Bernard  therefore "correct"   pronunciation "Diantry" is now   completely  unknown except to an older generation or to local inhabitants.  For quite a different reason the famous Canadian hockey  player is called Richard even by Canadians who know no  French —• and is not Burrard Inlet (Vancouver) accented on the  last  syllable.  The tendency to stress both syllables more or less equally  is, I imagine, largely due to a desire for clearness and this is  certainly more marked in America than in England. But if this  accent is very strong on the last syllable, one must suspect the  influence of the French (which may sometimes affect only the  stress and not the final consonant;) therefore Richard with "d"  pronounced for ihe more completely correct French Richar and  Bernard might in spite of the final "d" be due to French influence  too!  But one has to reckon with hyper-correctness in such cases  or even a near snobbish feeling that Bernard is somehow more  up-to-date, elegant and refined.  Therefore American garage with a heavy stress on the last  syllable (and a long aw) is due I would say to adpotion of the  French pronunciation, (as in mirage (Eng.) in America, while in  England is is normally garij or at most garage with equal stress  on both syllables. In general American usage tends to move  the stress forward: e.g. detail which in English stressed on the  finish syllable except where used as a verb: though there are  exceptions like research in this country, research in America.  This long preamble is intended to show that the only correct  pronunciation is that sanctioned by usage, and for a language  in general this means, broadly speaking, the pronunciation of  the mass of the educated people of the country. In the case of  proper names, however, it is the usage of the person who bears  the name or of the inhabitants of the town bearing the name  and I suppose of the inhabitants of the street bearing the name.  If I were to give an opinion of my own it would be that  since etymology and the history of the name and analogy all  indicate the pronunciation Bernard and since the inhabitants  of Kelowna accent the name in that way, that is certainly the  "correct" pronunciation. The fact that Bernard Lequime himself  156 Bernard versus Bernard  pronounced his name Bernard, while not necessarily conclusive by itself, is on added reason for sticking to that. In this  country by-the-way, it is always Bernard, and Bernard would  be regarded as a mere eccentricity.  Finally, might I add as a purely personal view, that while  in certain circumstances a broadcasting service might feel it a  public duty to "correct" what it considers to be a bad pronunciation, this should only be undertaken with the greatest possible  circumspection and I hope that the pious and entirely creditable  wishes of the citizens of Kelowna may be allowed to prevail.  Yours faithfully,  A. Ewert,  Emeritus Professor of the  Romance Languages in the  University of Oxford.  Uke U-'irdl Sawmill and Ssrirdt Ljridlmill  in tke   i/ortk  \ykanaaan  By JAMES E. JAMIESON, ARMSTRONG  In the year 1883 Alfred Postill, who with his two brothers,  William and Edward Postill, owned the Eldorado Ranch near  Winfield, pre-empted 640 acres of land on Deep Creek. Mrs.  Robert Lambly was a sister of the Postill's and lived with her  husband who owned the ranch later to be known as the Stepney  Ranch. On this land Alfred Postill erected a sawmill with a capacity of some 12,000 feet per day — the first sawmill in the North  Okanagan.  From this mill came most of the lumber used in the construction of bridges, stations and other uses in the building of the  Shuswap and Okanagan Railway and a little later most of ihe  lumber and heavy timber was supplied for the building of the  S.S. Aberdeen on Okanagan Lake.  Among the employees at this mill were the late Samuel  Bowell, who later became a prominent businessman at  New  157 The First Sawmill and First Gristmill in the North Okanagan  Westminster, the late James Bell, widely known Mara district  farmer, and the late George Wyatt.  The power was supplied by water from Deep Creek through  a flume about one and one-half miles in length with a small  dam near the old George Paton farm, now owned by Fred  Mitchell.  Mr. Postill, having other interests in the South Okanagan  and needing a manager for this sawmill sent for an old friend,  Levi W- Patten, to come out from Ontario. Mr. Patten with his  wife and family arrived in the late fall of 1883 and managed the  sawmill for the next five years when he purchased the property  and almost immediately erected a custom gristmill, using the  same water power — mostly on account of shortage of water the  sawmill was run during the day and the gristmill at night.  Mr. Patten operated the sawmill for the next twenty-two  years, the gristmill being discontinued when an up-to-date flour  mill was erected at Enderby. The late Charles Patten recalled  that he sewed sacks at this gristmill for his father before he was  big enough to move or pile them. Also he recalled that pack  trains would come for flour in the early day from the Similkameen and Boundary countries consisting of up to twenty-two  head of cayuses in charge of four or five men. Mr. Patten was  not just sure how much flour was loaded on a cayuse but remarked that he knew they were loaded "until their legs were  bowed". These pack horses were not fastened together in any  way but were simply trained to follow a lead horse.  Levin W. Patten built the road from his mills on Deep Creek  to what is now lohn Fowler's corner and on in to Lansdowne, this  being the road used by the first stages from Kamloops to Lansdowne.  Charles Patten often recalled that in his early manhood  days the few young men in the vicinity had to make their own  amusement. They would meet on occasion in a shack near the  old mill and put on boxing tournaments. He would not commit  himself as to who was the best boxer but among those present  was almost certain to be the two elder Patten boys, Edward and  Charles; George and Edward Wyatt, Robert Ellison, Negro Tom  Patterson and with Jabez Kneller to sing and dance.  158 KALAMAZOO"  Many references have been made by the early settlers of  the Okanagan to the modes of travel available when the Valley was first opened up for settlement, among them none had  more exciting connotations than the Kalamazoo, used in 1892  on the branch line of the C.P.R. between Sicamous and Enderby, later extended to Vernon. Fencing of the railway had not  been completed and livestock often grazed close to the tracks;  however, the Kalamazoo was fitted with a steam horn — loud  enough to wake the dead — and when sounded all the cattle  in a wide area would take off on the run at high speed. The  passengers also sensed the thrill of pioneer travelling. The  small boys called the machine a Jigger. In the picture herewith  may be seen Fred B. Jacques carrying on his lap a parcel of  jewellery (valued at $400) for his new store at Vernon — ihe  first to enter the Okanagan. The photograph is by courtesy of  Mr. Jacques' son George, who carried on the business of jeweller at the old stand, established 1891-  159 Jsn oLovina   IV/<  a   r v femora  ROSANNA MABEL FISHER, a long time resident of the Benvoulin District, passed away in the Kelowna hospital in July in  her 85th year. Mrs. Fisher came to the Valley in 1906 after completing a nursing course at her home in Ontario, and at one time  was the only nurse in Kelowna. She married lames Boyd Fisher  in the fall of 1906. He predeceased her in 1946. Mrs. Fisher was  an ardent Worker in the Benvoulin United Church-  Surviving are six children; Gordon and Angus at home;  jack in Vancouver; Mrs. Ina Goldsmith, Vernon; Mrs. Mary  Piddocke, Kelowna; Miss Beatrice, Montreal; 13 grandchildren  and six great grandchildren.  WALTER BENNETT, at Bolean Resort, in September at the  age of 67. A resident and ardent community worker in Vernon  since his arrival 42 years ago, he loved England but no less  Canada, the land of his adoption. Surviving are two sons Allan  of Cornwallis and Walter of Vernon; two daughters, Mrs. Enid  H. Nelson and Mrs. Joan Halko, both of Vernon, and eleven  grandchildren.  CAROLINE WINNIFRED CORBITT, 73, Kaleden, passed  away in July. She was a military nurse during World War I  and was decorated for services rendered. The late Mrs. Corbitt  is survived by her husband Harry; and two daughters, Mrs.  Mervin Davis, Kaleden and Mrs. Ralph Phelps, Okanagan Falls-  ARTHUR MARSHALL, 80, in ihe Armstrong Hospital in September. Arthur Marshall came to Armstrong in 1892, the year  Armstrong was founded. For many years manager of the Armstrong Co-operative Society, he retired in 1949. He was keenly  interested in the Okanagan Historical Society, and active curler  and lawn bowler, and served many years as an elder of Zion  United Church.  Mr. Marshall served in World War 1 going overseas with  the 172nd Bn. In 1916 he married Miss Lillian Gary who survives  him. Other survivors are, two daughters in Vernon, Mrs. Mildred  Merrimom and Mrs. Louise Sammartino and four grandchildren.  COLONEL RAYMOND FITZMAURICE died Vernon last June  in his 85th year. Colonel Fitzmaurice came to Vernon from Ire-  160 In Loving Memory  land in 1900, established his own real estate business in 1911  which he operated ever since. Colonel Fitzmaurice served overseas in the 192nd Bn. and was mentioned in dispatches. In 1920  he reorganized the B.C. Horse and the 2nd CMRs into a single  regiment to be known as the B.C. Mounted Rifles which he  commanded until he retired from the army in 1932.  Colonel Fitzmaurice was active in civic affairs and in 1920  was mayor of Vernon. He was a member of the Masonic Lodge  and a life member of both ihe Fish and Game Club and the Real  Estate Association.  Surviving is his wife, the former Estelle Lambert. A daughter  Kitty died in Vernon just two weeks after the death of her father.  KATHLEEN (Kitty) FITZMAURICE, aged 58, died in Vernon  in July of this year. She was born and raised in the Coldstream  District and operated the real estate firm founded by her father.  A veteran of World War II, she served in the women's division  of the RCAF. She was a member of the Silver Star Chapter of  the IODE and the Vernon Branch of the Royal Canadian Legion.  She is survived by her mother.  MARIE MARTHA BEDARD, 95, who, in 1888 drove with her  family by wagon from Kamloops to Kelowna, died in her home  in Kelowna in September. The late Mrs. Bedard was born in St.  Boniface and came to Kamloops with her husband in 1887  where he was employed on CPR construction through the Rockies. She was a sport's enthusiast and an ardent worker in the  C.W.L.  She is survived by four sons, Daniel in Nakusp, Joseph,  Andrew and Alphonse in Kelowna and four daughters all in  Kelowna, Mrs. Leon Gillard, Mrs. William Spear, Mrs. Eric Holland and Mrs. W. Smith; 27 grandchildren and 59 great grandchildren. Eight children were predeceased.  THEODORE JOHN "Babe" KRUGER, died in the Penticton  Hospital in June at the age of 79. Babe was the last of the Krugers. He was born in Osoyoos in 1883, son of Theodore Kruger  who settled there in 1866. Babe lived practically all his life in  the South Okanagan. After the death of his father in 1899, the  family moved to the ranch on Myer's Flat which was pre-empted  before Confederation and remained the family home until it was  161 In Loving Memory  sold in  1947. Babe subsequently lived in Oliver and Osoyoos  where he spent his last days in the place where he was born.  SARAH RICHTER, wife of the late Hans Richter, died at her  home in Cawston in July at the age of 55. She was predeceased  by her husband Hans in July, 1961, and is survived by four sons,  John, Frank, Kenneth and William, all of Cawston, and six  daughters, Mrs. W. Cearns, Cawston; Mrs. B. Stodler, Tonasket;  Mrs. G. Smith, Armstrong; Mrs. W. Harlan, Riverside, Wash.;  Mrs. N. Cutchie, Loomis, Wash.; and Shirley, at home; 22  grandchildren and two great grandchildren. She is also survived by her mother Mrs. Julia Richter, Olalla, six sisters and  three brothers.  FREDERICK GODWIN, an early resident of Vernon, died  in Penticton in September in his 90th year. He was born in London, Ontario, and came to Vernon with his family in 1892, moving to Penticton in 1933. He is survived by his wife Mary. Two  sons and two daughters and a brother also survive.  DUDLEY CHARLES SCHUBERT, a great grandson of Mrs.  Caroline Schubert who was the first white woman in Kamloops,  having come to British Columbia with the Overlanders in 1862,  died in North Vancouver in August at the age of 62. He is survived by his mother Mrs. C. Schubert, Armstrong; two sons,  Jim, Prince Rupert, and Ken, North Vancouver; nine grandchildren and three great grandchildren, also a brother Jim at Adams  Lake.  H. R. F. (Harry) DODD, a Kelowna old-timer, died in Vancouver in March at the age of 76. Mr. Dodd came to Canada from  South Africa in 1910. He was born in England. He operated ihe  Belleview Hotel in Okanagan Mission before World War I and  after returning from overseas he ran the Hall and Dodd general  store in East Kelowna. He is survived by his wife, Florence Mary  and one son Edward and four grandchildren.  JOSEPH DENNIS of Keremeos, died suddenly on Flat-Top  Mountain last August. He was 68 and had taken his cattle to  range above the Hope-Princeton Highway. Joe was born in Oroville in 1894 and came to Keremeos as an infant. He married  Susan Allison of Princeton in 1920 and had been Chief of the  Keremeos Band of the Similkameens since 1958. He is survived  162 In Loving Memory  by his wife; four sons, Herbert, Robert, Arthur and Henry and  two daughters, Mabel and Alice, and six grandchildren.  AVARD WILLIAM McCULLOCH, 88, died in the Kelowna  Hospital in August. Born in Nova Scotia, be began his career  as a deep sea sailor working as a cabin boy. He came to the  Okanagain in 1897 and from 1908 until 1946 sailed on Okanagan Lake and was a captain on the Aberdeen and the Orillia.  He was a member of the Vernon Masonic Order, the Presbyterian Church and deeply interested in the Kelowna Historical  Society. Surviving are his wife, two daughters and a son.  RICHARD BLACKBURN of Enderby died in October at the  age of 80. Born in 1881 in Ontario, he came as a small boy to  Kelowna and later his family settled in Enderby. He was a president of the Okanagan Historical Society, the Enderby Board of  Trade and a member of the city council during his long and  active life in Enderby. He is survived by his wife. A son, Austin,  predeceased him some years ago.  WALTER McDOWALL, 81, died in Kelowna in January  after a lifetime of service to the Okanagan fruit industry having been appointed secretary of the Okanagan Fruit Union in  1911. He served the industry in various capacities and retired  from the position of general manager with a banquet and presentation in appreciation of his long years of service. He was an  active member of the Okanagan Museum until his death.  LEONARD BERNARD FULKS, a great - great - grandson of  Captain Cook, the explorer, died in Kelowna in July at the age  of 72. Mr. Fulks was born in England and came to Canada in  1906. After some years in Toronto he moved to Moose Jaw and  then to Alberta whence he proceeded overseas in World War I-  In 1929 he moved to Peachland where he made his home. Active in community life he has served on the municipal council,  a member of the Royal Canadian Legion, People's Warden of St.  Margaret's Church and a past president of the Fraternal Order  of Eagles. He is survived by his wife, two sons and two daughters.  EVALYNE MAY BLOOM, a member of a well known Lumby  family died in the Vernon Jubilee Hospital in June at the age of  67. Mrs. Bloom was born in Colorado and came to the Lumby  163 In Loving Memory  area 45 years ago where she has been active in community affairs, best known for her garden which provided flowers for  every function in Lumby for many years. She was a member of  the Women's Institute and the Anglican Guild of St. James the  Less Church. The Charles Bloom High School was named for  her late husband. She is survived by one daughter, Mrs. Doreen  Elliott of Lumby.  164 \Jkanaaan ^rridtorical ~m>ocietu  PATBONS  Bagnall, G. P., 3317 Coldstream Ave., Verncn  Bagnall, Mrs. Luta, 3317 Coldstream Ave., Vernon  Fenton, Miss Annie, R.R. 1, Enderby  Macorquodale, Mrs. F. D., British Guiana  Stuart, G. R., Fintry  HONOBABY LIFE MEMBEBS  Goodfellow, Rev. J. C, D.D., Box 187, Princeton  Marriage, F. T., 424 Park Ave., Kelowna  Ormsby, Dr. Margaret, University of B.C., Vancouver  Weeks, J. B., Capt., 614 Martin St., Penticton  MEMBEBS  Adam, E. L., 578 Ross Ave., Kelowna  * Allen, Mrs. N. McD., Box 156, Penticton  Alton, Mrs. K, Osoyoos  Amos, Ronald. Oliver  Anderson, Dr. W. J., 2302 Abbott St., Kelowna  Andrew, W. J., 2866 Bellevue Ave., West Vancouver  * Andrews, George, 769 E. King Edward Ave., Vancouver  Ansell, C. H., 2105-28.h Crescent, Vernon  Argue, Mrs. F. E., Box 218, Oliver  Armor, Mrs. L., Oliver  Armstrong, Mrs. G., Cawston  Arnold, G. N., R.R. 1, Winfield  Atkinson, J. E., Summerland  Atkinson, R. N., 551 Conklin Ave., Penticton  Arnott, Mrs. W., Penticton  Aylen, Mrs. Freda, 1485 Water St., Kelowna  Bagnall, G. P., 3317 Coldstream Ave., Vernon  Bagnall, Mrs. Luta, 3317 Coldstream Ave., Vernon  Bagnall, G. C, 10951 S. Hermosa Ave., Chicago 41, HI.  Bailey, E. C, 207 Conklin Ave., Penticton  Baird, R.A., Enderby  Ball, Mrs. A. H. , 1804-43rd Ave., Vernon  Ball, Mrs. L. J., Oliver  Bates, Mrs.  P., Osoyoos  Baverstock, W., 3003-21st St., Vernon  Beairsto, H. K, R.R. 4, Vernon  Bearcroft, E. S., 599 Eckhardt Ave., Penticton  Becker, E., Osoyoos  Bedford, J. W., 2021 Stirling Place, Kelowna  Bennett, Mrs, C. G., Box 2278, R.R. 1, Penticton  Berner, Mrs. A., 2500-26th St., Vernon  Billard, Mrs. V., Okanagan Landing  Bingley, Mrs. A., c/o 3811 Barnard Ave., Vernon  Bixby, L., 2901-29th St., Vernon  Boone, H., R.R. 1, Oliver  * Boss, M. T., 455 E. 17th Ave., Vancouver  Boss, Mrs. R., Armstrong  Boyd, Mrs. M., 512 Boulevard N.W., Calgary, Alta.  Bristow, Mrs. C, 3614 Barnard Ave., Vernon  Bronson, A. N., 1945 Richter St., Kelowna  Brown, I. R., Oliver  Brown, J., Oliver  Brown, Mrs. Louise B., 1275 W. 13th Ave., Vancouver  Brydon, J. M., 1956 Pandosy St., Kelowna  Bubar, C, Mara  165 Okanagan Historical Society  Buchan, J. L., R.R. 2, Vernon  Buck, A. H., 1240 Forestbrook Drive, Penticton  Buckland, C. D., R.R. 2, Kelowna  Buckland, D. S., Okanagan Mission  Buckland, J. H., 1762 Gagnon St., Kelowna  Bull, Mrs. C. R., Okanagan Mission  Bulman, W. T. J., R.R. 2, Kelowna  Burgess, J., 540 Papineau St., Penticton  Byron-Johnson, R. G., R.R. 4, Vernon  Cail, Mrs. M., R.R. 3, Armstrong  Caley, H., Armstrong  Cameron, G. D., Box 86, Kelowna  Cameron, Mrs. G. D., Box 86, Kelowna  Cameron, W. A., 2337 Richter St., Kelowna  Campbell, Mrs. D., 3204-33rd Ave., Vernon  Campbell, Miss M., 437 St. Paul St., Kamloops  Cameron, J. D., 343 Brunswick St., Penticton  Canning, S., West Bench, Penticton  Carlson, Mrs. Phyllis, Oliver  Carmichael, D. A., Box 365, Nelson  Carney, Mrs. T. J., Box 222, R.R. 2, Kelowna  Casorso, A., Box 102, R.R. 4, Kelowna  Casorso, Mrs. V. R., Oliver  Cawston, A. H., Cawston  Cawston, Mrs. Verna, 1188 Kilwinning St., Penticton  Chase, W. W., C.B.C.R. Simon, Costa Rica  Chambers, E. J., Lower Bench, Penticton  Christensen, S. P., 2700 Barnard Ave., Vernon  Chichester, B., Box 41, Rutland  Clark, H. G., Keremeos  Clark, Mrs. C, Falkland  Clarke, Dr. D. A., 1935 McDougall St., Kelowna  Clarke, J. B. McM., Keremeos  Clay, Mrs,. C. E., 160 Naramata Road, Penticton  Cleland, E. H., R.R., Penticton  Clement, Mrs. C. G., 2276 Speer St., Kelowna  Clement, J. ., 1322 Walnut St., Victoria  Clements, W. E., 1246 Broughton St., Kelowna  Coates, J., Oliver  Cochrane, H. E., 2006-28th Crescent, Vernon  Cochrane, Mrs. H. E., 2006-28th Crescent, Vernon  Cohen, J., Keremeos  Coleman, Mrs. Marguerite, Box 29, Keremeos  Constable, F. L., 2267 Aberdeen St., Kelowna  Collen, C. D., Oliver  Collett, H. C. S., Okanagan Mission  Conroy, J. J., 2259 Aberdeen St., Kelowna  Cooper, E. W. A., 897 Winnipeg St., Penticton  Cooper, R. K, 3104-26th St., Vernon  Cope, Cecil, Osoyoos  Corbett, Mrs. F. H., 3113 Waverley St., Vancouver 15  Corbitt, H. W., Kaleden  Corbishley, D., R.R. 1, Oliver  Corner, J., R.R. 4, Vemon  Corner, R. W., R.R. 1, Kelowna  Cousins, E. B., 3006-31st St., Vernon  Cowan, H. N., Enderby  Cranna, D. V., 898 Main St., Penticton  Craster, R. G., 2200-34th St., Vernon  Crowe, Mrs. T., Barons, Alta.  166 Okanagan Historical Society  Crozier, Mrs. I., 3902-29th Ave., Vernon  Cummings, A. E., Penticton  Dale, Miss R., West Summerland  D'Arcy, M. J. M., Penticton  Davidson, Mrs. Adele, Dawson Creek  Davidson, A. H., Box 131, Westbank  Davis, Mrs. H. V., 526 Braid St., Penticton  Dawe, Miss H., 2226 York Ave., Vancouver.  Davidson, J. A., R.R. 2, Armstrong  Davidson, R. A., 2604-16th St., Vernon  Day, Mrs,. E. H., R.R. 4, Kelowna  Day, W. S., Box 25, R.R. 4, Kelowna  Deeley, Ray, 6729 Heather St., Vancouver 14  Deering, A. J., Falkland  de Lautour, Mrs. Annie M., R.R. 1, Oliver  Delcourt, F. V., 1835 Marshall St., Kelowna  DeLorme, A., 3505 Barnard Ave., Vernon  DeMara, R. C, 1043 Harvey Ave., Kelowna  Denney, G., West Summerland  Denison, E. N., 3001-28th St., Vernon  Deschamps, L. F., 3004 Barnard Ave., Vernon  Dewdney, E., 1428 Balfour St., Penticton  Dewdney, Mrs. W. R., 273 Scott Ave., Penticton  Dixon, Mrs. E., Oliver  Dobson, Rev. A. W., 2809-27th St., Vernon  Doerflinger, Mrs. Ethel, Grindrod  Downes, Peter, 6697 Churchill' St., Vancouver  Dcyle, Bishop W. E., 813 Ward St., Nelson  Dumont, P., Osoyoos  Durrant, I., Box 211, Oliver  East, J., Keremeos  Ede, W. H., R.R. 3, Kelowna  Eden, Mrs. F., Bloedel  Edge, Mrs. W., Okanagan Falls,  Ellis, Miss K. W., 268 Cambie St., Penticton  Emanuele, Dr. H., 626 Main St., Penticton  Emerson, Mrs. Eva, Okanagan Falls  Estabrooks, O. L., 352 Main St., Penticton  Estabrooks, Mrs. R. H., 382 Eckhardt Ave., Penticton  Etches, Mrs. A. E., Keremeos  Fairweather, V., Oliver  Falconer, G. E., Okanagan Landing  Faulkner, R., 495 Tennis St., Penticton  Fenton, R. M., R.R. 1, Enderby  Fisher, Mrs. D. V., Trout Creek, Summerland  Fitzgerald, Mrs. G. D., R.R. 3, Kelowna  Fitzmaurice, R., R.R. 2, Vernon  Forsyth, Mrs. Nancy, Box 722, Oliver  Francis, B., Oliver  Francis, D. E., Keremeos  Fraser, D. P., Osoyoos  Fraser, F. J., No. 1 - 2426 W. 4th Ave., Vancouver 9  Fraser, Major H., Okanagan Falls  Fraser, R. A., 722 Lawson Ave., Kelowna  Fraser, John, 101 Rov Ave. W., Penticton  French, Mrs. G. E., R.R. 2, Oliver  Gardener, Mrs. H. H., Okanagan Falls  Gartrell, F. R., R. R., Summerland  Gayton, Dr. J., 456 West Broadway, Vancouver 9  Geddes, H., Lakeside Road, Penticton  167 Okanagan Historical Society  Gellatly, Mrs. Dorothy, R.R. 1, Westbank  Gervers, J., 2640 Bath St., Kelowna  Godderis, Father, Immaculate High School, Kelowna  Godwin, Mrs. J., Wade Ave., Penticton  Goldie, J., Okanagan Centre  Gorman, H., 3503 Barnard Ave., Vernon  Graham, G. G., Osoyoos  Graham, J. B., Oyama  Green, A. L., R.R. 2, Kelowna  Greening, B., R.R. 4, Keiowna  Gregory, C. Mrs., Armstrong  Gregory, V. E., Osoyoos  Grey, Mrs. Julian, Claremont, California  Griffiths, H. T., 302 Imperial Oil Bldg., Vancouver 5  Grigor, Mrs. J. E., R.R. 2, Penticton  Guichon, L. P., Quilchena  Guidi, R., Oliver  Hack, Mrs. F. W., R.R. 1, Oliver  Hadow, R., Enderby  Hales, F. G., 1069 Harvey Ave., Kelowna  Hall, J., 2062 Argyle Ave., West Vancouver  Hall, R. O., R.R. 1, Oliver  Hall, W. E., R.R. 4, Kelowna  Hamilton, W. D., R.R. 4, Vernon  Hanbury, A. W., Osoyoos  Harper, H. I., R.R. 3, Salmon Arm  Harris, F., c/o The Vernon News, Vernon  Harris, R. G., 1003 Harvey Ave., Kelowna  Harrison, J. D., Oliver  Hart, Miss S., 691 Christleton Ave., Kelowna  Harwood, F. T., 3102-41st Ave., Vernon  Hassen, M., Armstrong  Hatfield, H. R., 687 Vancouver Ave., Penticton  Haug, G. W., 599 Poplar Point Drive, Kelowna  Haug, R., 1746 Water St., Kelowna  Hayes, D. L., 513 Lawrence Ave., Kelowna  Hayman. L. A., 3556 Point Grey Road, Vancouver 8  Haynes, V. C, Oliver  Hayward, W., 3108-24th St., Vernon  Hermon, Vivienne, Oliver  Henrikson, Henry, 3302-32nd Ave., Vernon  Herbert, G. D., 1684 Ethel St., Kelowna  Hereron, Miss F., 1831 Ethel St., Kelowna  Hewer, E. E., Box 144, Kamloops  Higgin, C. N., West Summerland  Hill, W., R.R. 1, Westbank  Hodges, S. A., Summerland  Hooper, Mrs. J. L., Penticton  Hope, H., Armstrong  Hopkins, Mrs. J. L., Armstrong  Howard, C. S., Box 345, Oliver  Howie, D., 2507-37th Ave., Vernon  Hugh, F., Cloverdale  Hunter, F., Armstrong  Hunter, I., Oliver  Husband, C, R.R. 2, Vernon  Inglis, Mrs. S., Box 31, Armstrong  Innis, R., Box 121, Keremeos  Innis, Mrs. W., Keremeos  Iverson, Mrs. R., R.R. 2, Oliver  168 Okanagan Historical Society  Jack, C, 2150 Haultain St., Victoria  Jackson, F. I., Trepanier  Jackson, Mrs. O., Box 64A, R.R. 3, Kelowna  Jamieson, J. E., Armstrong  Johns, Miss N. E., R.R. 4, Kelowna  Johnson, B. W., 1716 Pandosy St., Kelowna  Jones, Mrs. D., Enderby  Jones, K. C, 2783 Bath St., Kelowna  Josephy, A. Jr., 551-5th Ave., New York 17, N.Y.  Kabella, Mrs. S., R.R. 4, Kelowna  Keating, H. K., 452 Birch Ave., Kelowna  Kerr, L. L., 2188 Abbott St., Kelowna  Kelly, C. C, 1420 Water St., Kelowna  Kdston, J. R., 3900 Pleasant Valley Rd., Vernon  Kidston, Mrs. J. R., 3900 Pleasant Valley Rd., Vernon  King, G., 471 Lakeshore Drive, Penticton  King, Mrs. R., Kaleden  Kinloch, D. F. B., "Gourdie", R.R. 2, Vernon  Kneller, J., R.R. 4, Vernon  Knight, G., 450 Ellis, St., Penticton  Knox, Dr. W. J., 1855 Pandosy St., Kelowna  Kohler, Mrs. Patricia, Cawston  Lacey, Mrs. K., Box 144, Osoyoos  Lambert, B. M., Box 460, Oliver  Lamont, Mrs. J., R.R. 4, Kelowna  Lamoureux, Mrs. H., R.R. 1, Kelowna  Lang, Mrs. M. M., Box 124, Oliver  Lantz, L. A., 3403-27th St., Vernon  Latrace, E., Armstrong  Lawrence, Mrs. B., Hedley  Lawrence, Mrs. G. R., Hedley  Lawrence, Mrs. G., Penticton  Lea, G. B., 1345 Gordon Ave., West Vancouver  Leathley, L. N., 1927 Knox Cresc, Kelowna  Leighton, C. M., Oliver  Leinor, R., West Summerland  Leake, R. H., Oliver  Lincoln, M., 3332 Barnard Ave., Vernon  Lindsay, Mrs. B., Osoyoos,  Lindsay, Mrs. J., Oliver  Lloyd-Jones, Mrs. W., 530 Buckland Ave., Kelowna  Logan, A., West Summerland  Lowle, F. F. W., Skaha Lake, Penticton  Loyd, A. K., 381 Glenwood Ave., Kelowna  Loyd, N. K, 450 Cadder Ave., Kelowna  Lundy, Mrs. G., Oliver  Lutener, Mrs. C. S., Masset  Luthy, J., Oliver  Mabee, G. E., Oliver  Mack, W., 2155 Aberdeen St., Kelowna  : Macorquodale, Mrs. D. F., Box 77, Georgetown, British Guiana  Main, Miss S., Oliver  Manery, S. R., Cawston  Massy, G. E., 81 High St., Victoria  May, A. E., 3505 Robin Ave., Charleswood, Man.  Middleton, Mrs. D., Okanagan Centre  Middleton, Mrs. M., Jade Bay, Oyama  Miles, F. A., 3301-35th Ave, Vernon  Millar, W. A., Oliver  Miller, A. E., Box 216, Armstrong  169 Okanagan Historical Society  Mitchell, F., R.R., Oliver  Mitchell, W.A., Walnut Road, Kelowna  Mitchell, Mrs. W. A., Walnut Road, Kelowna  Mohr, Mrs. M., 2506-36th Ave., Vernon  Morrison, J. G., Rutland  Munro, F., 1701 Fairford Drive, Penticton  Munro, Mrs. K. K., 556 Leon Ave, Kelowna  Murray, F. J., Salmon Arm  Murray, Miss P., Box 485, Armstrong  Murray, R. P., Victoria  McCallum, J. B. , Bank of Montreal, Vernon  McClelland, J. B., 990 Richter St., Kelowna  McCuddy, A., R.R. 2, Oliver  McCulloch, Capt. A. W., 1939 Abbott St., Kelowna  MacDonald, C, Middle Bench, Penticton  McDougald, Miss C. E., Peachland  McDougall, Mrs. H., 1094 Lawson Ave.. Kelowna  McDougall, R. J., 1245 W. 14th Ave., Vancouver 9  MeGibbon, A., Oliver  McGie, W. R., Camp 1, Field  McGillivery, W., Parliament Buildings, Victoria  McGolderick, Andrew, Oliver  McGuire, M. V., R.R. 2, Vernon  MacKenzie, D., 2217 Long St., Kelowna  MacLean, R. P., 2318 Abbott St., Kelowna  MacMillan, D. G., 2703-24th St., Vernon  McMynn, D. J., Trail  McNaughton, Mrs. Isobel, Oliver  Nash, T. R., KaMew Subdivision, Vernon  Neave, Mrs. M. C, Box 224, R.R. 2, Kelowna  Neilson, Mrs. Marie, 657 Van Home St., Penticton  Nelson, Miss E. P., Keremeos  Netherton, Dr. W. J., 657 Winnipeg St., Penticton  Newman, Mrs. Kathleen, Box 301, Blaine, Wash.  Newstrom, Mrs. W. E., Box 75, Oliver  Nichols, Mrs. C, Box 463, Hope  Norris, Hon. Justice T. G., Court House, Vancouver  Nuttall, Mrs. W., Naramata  Osborn, C. D., Coldstream Ranch, Vernon  Parsons, H. B., Oliver  Paterson, H. M., 6162 Granville St., Vancouver  Patten, Mrs. C. J., Armstrong  Patterson, Mrs. A. L., No. 15, 1489 St. Paul St., Kelowna  Paynter, E. C, Box 9, Westbank  Pearson, J. Sr., Trout Creek, R.R. 1, Summerland  Peel, Mrs. Catherine, Pioneer Lodge, New Westminster  Peel, Mrs. Gertrude, Enderby  Pendleton, A. F. Jr., Seattle, Wash.  Pendleton, Mrs. E., Keremeos  Perry, Miss F., 933 Harvey Ave., Kelowna  Peterman, A. N., Box 193, Oliver  Pettigrew, Mrs. J. D., 1961 Abbott St., Kelowna  Phillips, Dr. J. H., 2107-27th Cresc, Vernon  Phillips, W., 2602-24th Ave., Vernon  Philpott, G., 1211 Ethel St., Kelowna  Phinney, J. R., 342 Norton St., Penticton  Piddocks, Mrs. J. L., R.R. 2, Anderson Road, Kelowna  Pollock, G., Osoyoos  Pooley, N. R. C, East Kelowna  Porteous, H. A., Oliver  170 Okanagan Historical Society  Porteous, J. W., 165 Joseph St., Victoria  Pound, Rev. A. C, 1343 Haywood Ave., West Vancouver  Power, Miss Muriel, 308 Lakeshore Drive, Penticton  Powley, W. R., R.R. 1, Winfield  Price, E. F., 2804-35th St., Vernon  Price, H. A., 2231 W. 49th Ave., Vancouver 13  Price, Mrs. S., R.R. 3, Armstrong  Pugh, D., Oliver  Quigley, W. D., R.R. 5, Kelowna  Raymer, B. H., 17617 Virginia Dr., Bellflower, Calif.  Redivo, H., 4529 Lakeside Road, R.R. 2, Penticton  Reid, Miss E., 614 Martin St., Penticton  Reid, Mrs. Gladys, 1807 Marshall1 St., Kelowna  Reikie, Mrs. A., Okanagan Falls  Renwick, H. A., 1445 Marpole Ave., Vancouver 9  Renwick, Miss M. S., 987 Lawrence Ave., Kelowna  Reston, E. B., Oliver  Richards, Mrs. C, 2832-31st Ave, Vernon  Richards, D. E., 1923 Pandosy St., Kelowna  Richardson, R., CHBC-TV, Kelowna  Richter, F. X., R.R., Cawston  Richter, J., 366 Brunswick St., Penticton  Richter, Mrs,. J., 366 Brunswick St., Penticton  Rimmer, L., 1095 Wilson Ave, Kelowna  Ripley, A. C, Oliver  Ritch, J., 962 Laurier Ave., Kelowna  Ritchie, Miss K, c/o The Vernon News, Vernon  Ritchie, R. S., 3974 Wiltshire Blvd., Los Angeles 5, Calif.  Ritchie, W. R., Cawston  Roadhouse, W. T. L., 990 Richter St., Kelowna  Robey, R., 1805-39th Ave, Vernon  Robison, Miss P., White House, P. V. Road, Vernon  Rorke, H. O., 624 Young St., Penticton  Ross, Dr. D. A., 1705-37th Ave, Vernon  Rossiter, Mrs. A. E., R.R. 2, Oliver  Rutherford, Mrs. R. G., 1861 Bowes, St., Kelowna  Ryan, A. E., Braid St., Penticton  Schubert, C. C, Westminster Ave., Penticton  Scott, Mrs. H., Oliver  Seath, R. W., 1934 McDougall St., Kelowna  Selig, Mrs. F., R.R. 1, Oliver  Selwyn, Mrs. F., Box 63, Peachland  Serra, J., Armstrong  Sexsmith, Mrs. D., 880 Manhattan Drive, Kelowna  Seymour, S. P., 3111 Barnard Ave., Vernon  Shannon, Mrs. E., Oliver  Shannon, Mrs. R., Oliver  Shaw, Mrs. J. D., Box 2290, R.R. 1, Penticton  Simm, Capt. M., Victoria  Simpson, N. V., R.R. 1, Oliver  Sinclair-Thompson, Mrs. W., Box 250, Kelowna  Sismey, E. D., 1348 Government St., Penticton  Skipper, R. V., Mission City  Smith, Aird, 3101-39th Ave., Vernon  Smith, Miss, C, 3910 Barnard Ave., Vernon  Smith, R. W., R.R. 1, Osoyoos  Smith, W. J., Armstrong  Solly, Mrs. A., Courtenay  Solly, I. H., c/o Bank of Montreal, Esquimalt  Sommerville, D., Oliver  171 Okanagan Historical Society  * South, Mrs. G. I., 603 Van Home St., Penticton  Sovereign, Rt. Rev. A. H., 2501-23rd St., Vernon  Speers, Mrs. S., Enderby  Spence, A., R.R. 2, Vernon  Stickland, Mrs. E., Box 429, Enderby  Stocks, Mrs. A. M. B., R.R. 1, Penticton  Stuart,  C. E., R.R. 3, Kelowna  Stubbs, Mrs. A. H., Okanagan Mission  Sutherland, J. J., Box 426, Enderby  Swales, Mrs. J.. Kaleden  Swift, A. A., 281 Haynes St., Penticton  Tait, E., West Summerland  Tassie, G. C, R.R. 2, Vernon  Taylor, C. H., R.R. 3, Kelowna  Taylor, Mrs. P. G., 6008 Wales St., Vancouver  Taylor, R. S., West Bench, Penticton  Thomson, J. S., R.R. 4, Kelowna  Thompson, Mrs. Alice, R.R. 1, Cawston  Thorburn, H. J., R.R. 3, Vernon  Thornloe, F. Jr., East Kelowna  Thornton, H. J., 1500-32nd Ave., Vernon  Thornton-Trump, Ted., Oliver  Timberlake, Mrs. F., Armstrong  Titchmarsh, E. A., 250 Farrell St., Penticton  Truswell, H. A., Box 272, Kelowna  Turner, R. G., Box 1305, Rossland  Turner, R. M. H., West Summerland  Tutt, Mrs. D., Box 184, R.R. 1, Kelowna  Upton, Mrs. T. B., Okanagan Mission  Van Blaricom, E. W., 409 Cedar Ave., Kelowna  Vicars, D., 167 Vicars Road, Kamloops  Viel, L. A., 3104-32nd St., Vernon  * Wade, G. C, 2316 W. 45th Ave., Vancouver  Walburn, H. G., R.R. 5, Kelowna  Walker, H., Suite 11, 1797 Water St., Kelowna  Walker, Mrs. W. D., Box 1, Okanagan Mission  Wallace, Mrs. J., R.R. 4, Kelowna  Walrod, C. R., 1644 Richter St., Kelowna  Walsh, C. W., 4367 Quinton St., North Vancouver  Ward, A., R.R. 3, Kelowna  Ward, Edith A., 905 Chilco St., Vancouver 5  Ward, H., R.R. 3, Kelowna  Wardlaw, Miss M., Box 522, Kelowna  Warren, Mrs. A. M., 854 Main St., Penticton  Watt, G. M., Okanagan Mission  Weatherill, H. P., c/o The Royal Bank of Canada, Vancouver  Webb, H. V., 248 Bernard Ave., Kelowna  Webber, Mrs. C. D., 424 E. 12th St., Vancouver  Webster, Mrs. Angie, 402 Orchard Ave., Penticton  Weddell, A. D., 274 Lake Ave., Kelowna  WeddeU, Mrs. C, Rutland  Weddell, E. C, 1659 Pandosy St., Kelowna  Weeks, E., Box 393, Kelowna  * Weeks,, G. A., Box 637, Revelstoke  * Weeks, L. J., 3211 Kitchener St., Vancouver  * Weeks, T.,  582 Edmund Heights, Calgary, Alta  Weir, S., Grindrod  Welch, Miss N., Suite 1, Belvedere Apartments, Kelowna  Wernicke, Mrs. A., 2405-35th Ave., Vernon  Whillis, R., 1749 Abbott St., Kelowna  172 Okanagan Historical Society  Whipple, D., Creston  Whitaker, Mrs. H., West Summerland  White, A. L., Box 258, Oliver  White, Cull, Ephrata, Wash.  White, R., 107 Battle St:; Kamloops  White, Mrs. R. B., Skaha Lake, Penticton  Whitham, J. D., Bluebird Road, Kelowna  Whitham, J. G., Bluebird Road, Kelowna  Whitehead, W. J., Box 293, Rutland  Whyte, Bryson, 2300-23rd Ave., Vernon  Wight, W. G., Oliver  Wignan, Mrs. W. J., 708 Suffolk St., Victoria  Wilde, A. C, 3307-26th St., Vernon  WJlis, Mrs. H., 3837 Cartier St., Vancouver  W.liits, Dr., 563 Esquimalt Ave., West Vancouver  Wilson, Jack, Tappen  Wilson, Mrs. R. H., England  Wilson, S., Oliver  Wilson, Mrs. Verna, Osoyoos  Wilson, V., Naramata  Wind, Mrs. B., Box 284, Oliver  Winkles, Mrs. W. H., Armstrong  Witt, J. A., 2031 Long St., Kelowna  Woodd, H. S., 2914-W. 29th Ave, Vancouver  Woods, J. B., 3207-32nd Ave., Vernon  Woods, J. J., 703 Ardmore Drive, R.R. 1, Sidney  Woodworth, J., 236 Popular Point, Kelowna  Worth, Mrs. Grace, 4917-27th St., Vernon  Wright, H. R., R.R., Oliver  Wylie, Mrs,. Mary C, c/o National Hotel, Vernon  Young, Mrs. B. F., Armstrong  Yuhas, Mrs. E., Helena, Montana  Zoellner, Mrs. W. J., Box 55, Grand Forks  B.C. Folklore Research, No. 24 - 950 Bidwell St., Vancouver  Calgary Public Library, Calgary  Board of Museum & Archives, City of Vernon, Vernon  Consolidated Press, 73 Richmond St. W., Toronto  Davies, Book Shop, 3468 Melrose Ave, Montreal  Eastern Washington College of Education, Cheney, Wash.  Fengate Publishing Co., Toronto  Fraser Valley Regional Library, Box 310, Abbotsford  Glenbow Foundation, Calgary  Gonzaga University, E. 502 Boone Ave., Spokane  Historical Society of Montana, Helena, Montana  Kamloops Museum Association, Box 337, Kamloops  Kelowna City Club, Kelowna  Laurel Co-operative Union, 1304 Ellis St., Kelowna  Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.  Municipality of Spallumcheen, Armstrong  McGill University Library, Montreal1, P.Q.  National Hotel, Vernon  National Library, Public Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ont.  National Museum Library, Ottawa, Ont.  Newberry Library, Chicago, Illinois  New York Public Library, 5th Ave. & 42nd St., New York, N.Y.  Northern Aaffairs & National Resources Librarian, Ottawa, Ont.  Northwest Digest Ltd., Quesnel  Okanagan Museum & Archives, 1644 Richter St., Kelowna  Okanagan Regional Library, 480 Queensway ,Kelowna  Osoyoos Women's Institute, Osoyoos  173 Okanagan Historical Society  Parliamentary Librarian, Ottawa, Ont.  Provincial Archives, Victoria  Provincial Library, Victoria  Provincial Museum, Victoria  Public Library, 311 E. 12th St., Kansas City 6, Missouri  Public Library, Prince George  Public Library Commission, Victoria  Seattle Public Library, Seattle, Wash.  Spokane Public Library, South 10 Cedar St., Spokane 4, Wash.  State College of Washington Library, Pullman, Wash.  State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 816 State St., Madison 6,-Wis.  Tacoma Public Library, Tacoma, Wash.  The Book Nook, Penticton  The Royal Bank of Canada, Kelowna  Toronto Public Library, 214 College St., Toronto, Ont.  University of Toronto Library, Toronto, Ont.  Vancouver City Archives, Vancouver  Vancouver Library Board, Vancouver  Victoria, College, Victoria  Victoria Public Library, Victoria  Wright's Travel Agency, Vernon  Britannia Secondary School, Vancouver  Carmi Avenue School, Penticton  Central Elementary School, Vernon  Junior-Senior High School, Armstrong  Dr. Knox Junior-Senior High School, Kelowna  Lumby Elementary School, Lumby  Oliver High School, Oliver  Rutland Junior-Senior High School, Kelowna  School District No. 16, Keremeos  School District No. 15, Penticton  School District No. 22, Vernon  School District No. 77, Summerland  School District No. 78, Enderby  St.  George's School, Vancouver  Summerland High School, West Summerland  University of British Columbia, Vancouver  Vernon Junior High School, Vernon  * Prepaid Membership  Addresses given are B.C. unless otherwise stated.  174   .(\\  -*.■■■  3^  7# PENTICTON HERALD

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