Okanagan Historical Society Reports

The twenty-third report of the Okanagan Historical Society 1959 Okanagan Historical Society 1959

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 The Twenty-third Report  »/ thi  OKANAGAN  HISTORICAL  SOCIETY  _______ 1959 H  '»«_■ t^eeiety was> founded September 4$   1925 T)ate Di1^ int.-'  MM  Jy^   5t* <*  IT  piiTKTgi sj  m  fi, N. (Reg) Atkinson Museum  785 MAIN STREET  £ENT1CT0N, B.G    V2A5E3  The Twenty-third Report  of the  OKANAGAN  HISTORICAL  _SOCIETY  1959  J he Society was founded September 4,   1925  pomcroN high school umm THE OKANAGAN  HISTORICAL  SOCIETY  Officers for 1959-60  Honorary Patrons:  His Honor the Lieutenant-Governor  The Honorable W. A. C. BENNETT  Honorary President: Mr. 0. L. JONES, Kelowna  President: DR. D. A. ROSS, Vernon  Vice-Presidents: MR. G. M. WATT, Kelowna  MRS. E. J. LACEY, Osoyoos  MRS. R. B. WHITE, Penticton  Secretary: MRS. VERA E. BENNETT, Penticton  Treasurer: MR. G. P. BAGNALL, Vernon  Editor: MR. F. T. MARRIAGE, Kelowna  Auditor: MR. T. R. JENNER, Vernon  Editorial Committee:  Mrs. D. Tutt Mrs. M. Middleton  Mr. H. W. Corbitt Dr. F. Quinn  Mrs. I. Crozier Mrs. M. Pidoborozny  Dr. J. C. Goodfellow Mr. H. S. Woodd  Mr. S. Manery Mr. F. L. Goodman  Mrs. M. Johnson  Plus chairmen of Branch Editorial Committees  Directors: Mr. A. E. Berry and Mr. W. R. Powley (north)  Mr. J. D. Whitham, Dr. Quinn, Mr. J. Goldie (central)  Capt. Weeks and Mr. E. J. Lacey (south)  Directors at large: Mr. A. K. Loyd, Mr. H. W. Corbitt and Mr. J. Goldie  OFFICERS:   ARMSTRONG-ENDERBY   BRANCH,   O.H.S.  President: MR. R. BLACKBURN, Enderby.  Secretary-Treasurer: Mrs. M. PIDOBOROZNY, Enderby.  DIRECTORS: E. McMAHON, H. COWAN, H. LOGAN, E. A. NORMAN,  MRS. R. CROZIER, MRS. H. WINKLES, MRS. C. J. PATTEN,  JAMES JAMIESON, A. MARSHALL.  Editorial: H. S. WOODD.  OFFICERS: VERNON BRANCH, O.H.S.  President: DR. D. A. ROSS, 1703 37th Ave., Vernon, B.C.  Vice-President: MR. D. HOWRIE, SR., 2507 37th Ave., Vernon, B.C.  Secretary-Treasurer: MR. G. BYRON-JOHNSON, R.R. 4, Vernon, B.C.  Directors: MR. G. P. BAGNALL,  MRS. I.  CROZIER, DR. A. E. SOVEREIGN, MRS. M. MIDDLETON (Oyama).  Editorial: MRS. L. A. BAGNALL, MRS. M. JOHNSON.  (2) OFFICERS: KELOWNA BRANCH, O.H.S.  President: MR. G. M. WATT, Okanagan Mission.  Vice-President: MR. J. W. BEDFORD.  Secretary-Treasurer: MRS. J. B. KNOWLES, 879 Manhattan Drive.  Directors: MRS. D. TUTT and MESSRS. G. D. CAMERON, BEN HOY,  D. BUCKLAND, A. STUBBS.  OFFICERS: PENTICTON BRANCH, O.H.S.  President: MR. J. G. HARRIS, Naramata Road.  First Vice-President: MR. R. N. ATKINSON.  Second Vice-President: MRS. H. WHITAKER, Summerland.  Secretary: MRS. VERA BENNETT, R.R. 1, Box 2278.  Treasurer: CAPT. J. B. WEEKS.  Directors: MRS. H. H. WHITAKER, MRS. R. B. WHITE, MRS. A. WARREN, MRS. W. DEWDNEY, MRS. H. DAVIS, MRS. J. CRAWFORD.  Directors at large: MESSRS. W. NUTTALL, H. 0. RORKE, H. W.  CORBITT.  Chairman Editorial Committee: MRS. R. B. WHITE.  OFFICERS: OLIVER-OSOYOOS BRANCH, O.H.S.  President: MR. D. WHIPPLE.  Vice-President: MR. E. BECKER.  Secretary-Treasurer: MRS. E. J. LACEY, Box 114, Osoyoos.  Directors: MR. C. COPE, MR. E. J. LACEY, MR. A. McCUDDY, MR F.  Mcdonald.  Editorial: MRS. E. J. LACEY.  (3) LIST    OF    ILLUSTRATIONS  cv.  "Southern  Crossroads"   , Frontispiece  Walter Robert Dewdney  10  Penticton Court House  11  Rev. Henry- Irwin (Father Pat)     .     .     .  13  Group at Curlew, Washington  19  F. W. Groves—Plaques '  48  Edgar  Dewdney  61  First Fairview School, 1897  62  Fairview, B.C., 1875  64  Group at "Castle Rayleigh Digby" ........... 66  Granville Morgan  77  "The Railroad"  122  (4) Vrefc  ace  We welcome this year several new contributors  to our Reports, and also wish to express our thanks  to certain faithful workers, without whom this  activity could not possibly continue and who have  again come forward with some valuable material.  Through the agency of Mr. Donald J.  Whitham, who, although no longer President of  the Okanagan Historical Society, retains a deep  interest in the production of our annual Reports,  the Editor has received two long articles, totalling  well over 40,000 words, from Mr. J. Percy  Clement, formerly of Kelowna and now of  Victoria. These deal with the history of Kelowna  and the surrounding district from the earliest times  up to 1905. The first instalment, part of the first  article, appears in this Report.  We are indebted to Mrs. Kathleen S. Dewdney  and the Redivo Camera Centre in Penticton for  the  frontispiece  of this  O.H.S.  23.  —F. T. M.  (5) Co  n tents  "Southern   Crossroads" Frontispiece  Title   Page  1  Officers of Okanagan Historical Society 2 & 3  List of Illustrations  4  Preface  5  Table of Contents  6  Provincial Agency at Penticton  7  An Anglican Sky Pilot  13  Tonasket, Chief of Okanogans  19  Chief Tonasket  21  Notice of ANNUAL MEETING  26  Okanagan Ministry of Rev. G. A. Wilson  27  Pheasant Shooting at Kelowna  38  Minutes of Annual Meeting  41  Governesses  47  F. W. Groves, C.E  48  A Fintry Pioneer  55  Andrew Herbert Flintoft  57  First Fairview School  63  President's Report  68  Judge Brown of Okanagan  70  One Hundred Years of Similkameen  72  Granville Morgan  77  Highlights of a Honeymoon  78  The Vernon Museum  83  Okanagan Lake Bridge  86  Rocks and Rivers of B.C  89  W. T. Gebbie of Vernon  92  Baedeker on The Okanagan  94  I Wonder!  95  Looking Back to 1958 Gazetteer  97  We Will Remember Them  99  Early Real Estate Business  106  Population of Principal Okanagan Cities  107  Early Days of Kelowna and District  109  Membership List    :  154  (6) J he    /Provincial {-government ^Z^raencu  in    penticton  Kathleen Stuart Dewdney  The first Provincial Government Agency in Penticton was opened  April 1st, 1922, by Walter Robert Dewdney, Government Agent,  from Greenwood, in the building presently occupied by F. O. Bows-  field Real Estate and Insurance, and the O.K. Cigar Store on Main  Street.  The original office staff consisted of W. R. Dewdney, Government Agent; S. T. Larsen, Assessor; R. S. "Paddy" Atkins, Clerk,  and F. W. Trehearne, Clerk. Later additions to the staff were:  Miss M. G. Power, Stenographer; Miss K. Horsnail, Stenographer;  D. H. Bruce, Clerk and M. Pott, Clerk. Miss Muriel G. Power,  now a Senior Clerk, is still a member of the local staff.  The population of Penticton today is approximately 12,000.  In 1922 it was approximately 4,000 and was scattered over a wide  area, parts of which were covered with brushwood and trees with  occasional trails or footpaths meandering here and there. Today  many fine homes cover these areas and large modern buildings have  been erected on vacant lots in the business section.  As Penticton and the surrounding districts prospered and developed the Government Office gradually increased in staff, size and  importance to meet the growing needs of the public. On October  1st, 1925, the office was moved to larger quarters in the former  Bank of Hamilton building at the corner of Main Street and Westminster Avenue, later occupied by the Red Cross Society.  On March 19th, 1949, the Government Agent's office staff consisting of fifteen members with T. S. Dalby, Government Agent,  in charge, together with other Government Departments located in  various buildings throughout the city were moved to their present  location in the newly constructed, large modern Court House on  Main Street.  The present Government Agent, T. S. Dalby, started his Government service January 1st, 1930, in the Prince Rupert office. In  1936 he was transferred to Telegraph Creek as Government Agent  where he remained until 1940, when he was appointed Deputy  Government Agent at Penticton. Upon the retirement of W. R.  Dewdney October 1st, 1946, Mr. Dalby became Government Agent.  The prer.ent Deputy Government Agent is G. L. Brodie. The  Assessors since October 1st,  1946, have been Basil Flynn and T. A.  (7) The Okanagan Historical Society—A 959  Stevenson,   and   the   County   Court  Judge   has  been   Judge   M.   M.  Colquhoun.  A Government Agent holds a unique position in Government  circles, and British Columbia is the only Province in Canada where  such an official is found. In other provinces, County Offices undertake a number of functions which our Government Agents perform  as part of their normal duties.  From an administrative point of view the Government Agent is  the senior Provincial official in the district, and in countless ways he  contributes a valuable service to the public.  The Government Agency System of British Columbia, under the  jurisdiction of the Department of Finance, is one of the most important branches of the Provincial Government administrative service,  not only because of its revenue producing function but also because,  by its means, the multifarious duties of public administration and  representation of many departments of the Government are carried  out in a territory of about 370,000 square miles. In 1922 there were  forty Government Agencies and Sub-Agencies, today there are forty-  three, stationed at strategic centres throughout the Province. The  latest addition was Kitimat, established July 3rd,   1956.  Early records reveal Government Agencies located at such historic places as Yale, Richfield, Douglas, 150 Mile House, Rock  Creek, Fort Steele, Wild Horse Creek, Fort Simpson, and later on  Donald, Lake Bennett, Hazelton and Dease Lake.  The functions of the Government Agency are exceedingly varied.  The Agency, as a branch of the Provincial Treasury, is primarily the  funnel through which most of the Provincial Revenues of the district  are channelled to the Treasury. Year after year the Agencies have  garnered the revenue from the furthest reaches of the Province and  have sent it, in its millions, to Victoria to be expended in education,  public  works,  health  and  welfare,  and  many  other public services.  The Agency is the paying office for the various expenditures such  as Government payrolls, highway and public works project expenses,  social welfare allowances, etc.  While to the majority of city residents the Government Agency  is the office where motor vehicle licences, hunting and fishing licences  are obtained; marriage licences issued; births, deaths and marriages  registered; and where maps of the Province and District are available, it is also the office through which new Canadians obtain their  Canadian Citizenship and where all County and Supreme Court  documents, pertaining to  both  civil  and  criminal  court  actions,  are  (8) The Provincial Government Agency in Penticton  issued,  recorded and  filed.  However, the Agency is, perhaps, to the greater part concerned  with the district outside of the organized areas such as cities, municipalities and villages, where in addition it is responsible for the assessment and collection of taxes, the sale and leasing of Crown land,  the recording of mineral claims and the granting of water rights.  The territory included in the Penticton Agency today, as in 1922,  covers the Princeton and Kettle River Collection Districts reaching  from Princeton eastward to Cascade, north to Trepanier and south  to the International Boundary.  Our first Government Agencies were established in colonial days  when British Columbia was sparsely populated, with vast distances  and primitive communications between its settlements. The most  important function then was the maintenance of law and order, and  the police officers were, in a number of cases, the first civil administrators. However, it soon became necessary to appoint local agents  who held sufficient authority to act in any capacity for the Colonial  Government, so outstanding men in each community were selected  to act as magistrates. Then other duties in connection with land,  water and mining were added to the duties of the Government Agent.  As time went on the collection of land and other taxes, together with  the duties of Registrar of the County Court and the Supreme Court,  as and when established in the district, were added. Then as the  need arose many other duties were added. In addition he had the  care' of all the destitute poor and sick in his district and generally had  the duty of handling applications for old age pensions. All emergencies of whatever nature such is fire, flood or pestilence were dealt  with by the Government Agent. During the depression years following 1929 he was charged with carrying out relief work, in addition  to his ordinary duties. The qualified official became intimately  acquainted with the intricacies and administration of the numerous  acts governing taxation, mining, land, water, civil and criminal  coucts, court registries and many other matters, a knowledge of which  was acquired by years of practical experience and training.  Walter Robert Dewdney, Penticton's first Government Agent,,  was born in Victoria, B.C., on February 2nd, 1877, a member of a  pioneer family linked with the very foundation of this Province.  His father, Walter Dewdney, was appointed Government Agent at  Yale in 1881 and remained there until he was transferred to Enderby  in 1884. When the Government Agency was moved from Enderby  to Priests' Valley in   1885 he became the first Government Agent  (9) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  at   what  was  to  become   Vernon   and   he   held  that  position   until   his  death in  1892.   Walter Robert Dewdney's uncle was the Honourable  Walter Robert Dewdney  Edgar  Dewdney,  C.E.,   P.C,   Lieutenant-Governor of   British   Columbia from  1892 to  1897.  After  graduating   from   college   in   Vancouver, Walter   Robert  Dewdney joined  the  Civil  Service of the  Provincial Government at  (10) The Provincial Government Agency in Penticton  Victoria. He was a member of the Government office staff in Grand  Forks from March 1st, 1901, until June 1st, 1912, when he was  transferred to Greenwood as Government Agent. Early in 1922 he  was instructed to close out the Government Agency at Fairview,  which had been established in July, 1899, and to open an office in  Penticton. This he did on April 1st, 1922, and he remained in the  Penticton office until his retirement on October 1st, 1946. He passed  away in Penticton on February 26th, 1956.  The Assessors who were associated with him during his term of  'Ģoffice in Penticton were: S. T. Larsen, James Kerr and John Hope.  The County Court Judges during the same period were: Judge  J. R. Brown, Judge W. C. Kelly and Judge M. M. Colquhoun.  In 1922 W. R. Dewdney held the following fifteen appointments:  Government Agent, Provincial Collector, Stipendiary Magistrate, District Registrar of the Supeme Court, Registrar of the County Court,  Clerk of the Peace, Commissioner of Lands, Marriage Commissioner,  Gold Commissioner, Water Recorder, Mining Recorder, District Registrar of Births, Deaths and Marriages, Official Administrator, Magistrate of the Small Debts Court and Registrar of Voters. For several  years before his retirement in  1946 he was a member of the Board  Court House, Penticton  of Management of the Penticton Hospital in addition to the above  appointments, with the exception of Official Administrator which he  had relinquished. At the present time T. S. Dalby, the Government  Agent in Penticton, holds the same appointments as those held in  1946, with the exception of membership of the Board of Management of the Penticton Hospital which he had relinquished.  (11) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  The offices in the Penticton Court House are: Government Agent,  Provincial Assessor, Social Welfare, District Engineer of Highways,  Okanagan Flood Control, Court Reporter, Probation Officer, Game  Warden, Deputy Sheriff, District Horticulturist, Veterinarian, Social  Services Tax Inspector and Auditor, County Court Judge, Police  Magistrate and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police—City and District Detachments.  The Provincial Government offices outside the Court House are:  School Inspector, Forest Ranger and Public Health.  The economy of the Government Agency System of British  Columbia was evolved by the practical administrative needs of the  Province and is inextricably interwoven with its progress and development. Throughout the years the Government Agencies have contributed a valuable service to all citizens of the Province of British  Columbia.  Congratulations to the Boundary Historical Society upon the  publication of their second report, which appeared in August. It  consists of 100 pages (9" x 7") including 11 pictures and portraits.  The editorial committee of the society includes Mrs. Mildred Roylance  of Greenwood, Messrs. Archer Davis and E. S. Reynolds of Grand  Forks and Mr. R. Sandner of Christina Lake. Printers were the  Gazette Printing Co. of Grand Forks.  Mrs. Roylance, who is also President of the society, contributes  an introduction, which is followed by the minutes of the Annual  Meeting held at Rock Creek on Oct. 19, 1958. Twelve interesting  articles form the bulk of the book—as follows. Two major fires in  Grand Forks; Early days in Christian Valley; Mother Lode Mine and  Deadwood Camp; A History of Westbridge; The Petti John Family  in the Grand Forks Valley; Ernest Spraggett, a Kettle Valley pioneer;  The First School in the Grand Forks Valley; The Grand Forks  Curling Club; The Boundary Historical Museum; Mining on Rock  Creek; Walter R. Dewdney.  The Report, which has heavy paper cover and cloth back,  concludes with a membership list and short statements regarding "pioneers!"  who have passed on".  (12) ^z/vn tz/rnglican ^^hu    f^ilot  Rt. Rev. A. H. Sovereign, M.A., D.D., F.R.G.S.  From an address given on April 1st, 1959, on the occasion of the  Annual Banquet and Meeting of the Kelowna Branch of the Okanagan Historical Society.  Other men have laboured and we have entered into their labours.  It has been the guiding principle of our Historical Society through  Rev. Henry Irwin—"Father Pat"  the years that we should endeavor to record the deeds and honour the  names of the men and women who in earlier days laid the foundations  of our cities and countryside as we know and enjoy them today. We  recall with gratitude their courage and their patience, their hopes and  comradeship, their vision of things not seen which beckoned them ever  (13) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  onward and sustained them in darker days of disappointment and  disaster.  We do well to remember the first settlers who cleared the forests  and tilled the virgin soil. We recall with pride the furtradcrs, the  prospectors and miners, the carpenters and roadbuilders, the doctors and  lawyers, and all of that noble army of pioneers who helped to transform the wilderness into fruitful fields and the solitary places into  happy dwellings where little children could laugh and sing, and none  would make them afraid.  But let us never forget those Men of God, those priests and pastors,  ministers and presbyters, who on foot and on horseback, faced the  hardships of long and lonely trails, the scorching heat of the summers  and the bitter cold of the winters to bring to the scattered settlers and  native Indian encampments those spiritual values by which men live  and nations endure. Services of worship were held in the homes, in  school houses and halls. Wedding services were read, children were  baptized. They brought hope and faith to the sick and consolation to  the bereaved. These men laid the true foundations of our national  life through God-fearing and law-abiding citizens—without which  nations disintegrate and fall.  One of these spiritual shepherds was Rev. Henry Irwin, affectionately known as "Father Pat." Exactly one hundred years ago-, August  2nd, 1859, he was born in Ireland, where the Wicklow Mountains  roll down to the Irish Sea. His father, his grand-father and his great  grand-father had been priests of the Anglican Church in Ireland.  This bright, happy Irish boy said frequently as a child—"I am going  to be a missionary." He was educated at St. Columba's School near  Dublin and at Keble College, Oxford, where he distinguished himself  as an athlete, especially in rowing and in boxing. He was ordained to  the ministry and accepted a curacy at Rugby. Then a call came to him  from the Rt. Rev. A." W. Sillitoe, Bishop of New Westminster in  British Columbia and in 1885, he embarked for Kamloops through  which the C.P.R. was being built.  This was a new world to the Irish lad—and some of the men  planned at once to test this Sky Pilot and thought it a good joke to  ridicule him. Seeing him on the street one day, they said, "Can you  ride?" "I grew up in the saddle," said Father Pat. "Then you won't  mind trying this nag, though he's a bit spirited?" they said. "All the  better for that," replied Father Pat, and mounted a fine looking horse  which, however, was a buck-jumper. This meant that as soon as  anyone mounted him the horse gathered up his four legs, humped  (14) The Provincial Government Agency in Penticton  his back, and gave a mighty jump, thus throwing off the rider. Father  Pat had learned as a boy to ride any ordinary horse with ease, even  barebacked, but this was a new experience. He soon found out the  trick which had been played on him, but he kept his temper and his  nerve, and tried two or three times to- conquer the animal, by which  time the men were heartily ashamed of themselves and apologized.  His field of work reached from Kamloops to Osoyoos and from  Princeton to the Nicola. His letters to England are most revealing.  "Thanks for the clothes which arrived safely and are a great blessing  to me. You cannot think how nice it is to feel respectable out here,  where one has to put up with almost anything in the way of clothes.  There is no great symmetry, as you know, in ready-made clothes, and  when a parson has only the rainbow colours to choose from, it is hard  to be quite sombre, and certainly there's little in the ready-made clothes  here of the dim religious light. You would hardly know me in many  of my costumes. Last week I started with those riding pants you sent  me, but after about 300 miles they went to pieces, and I had to get  into a vile kind of garment they call 'overalls,' striped like a zebra and  cut like a sailor's pantaloons. You would open your eyes wide to see a  parson at work out here. The hot weather still continues and it is really  hot—up to 101 degrees in the shade. But after a certain amount of  broiling, one's skin gets quite hardened. I am now as hard as a cake  and a browned one at that. I finished in June a trip of 570 miles in  the saddle, and by the end of that time I was a dirty brown, very like  an Indian."  During the year of 1886, he gave much of his time to the Nicola  and Princeton area where several mines had been opened and were  in operation. "Nothing but mines and gold is heard here. The mines  are just 12 miles away, but the men register here (Princeton), so- we  see hundreds. There are all sorts and conditions of men—lawyers,  farmers, cowboys from the United States and Manitoba, a jolly lot  of rough cards, but rare, good, fine-looking fellows and very hearty;  and then more than a thousand Chinamen. Such is the pack there on  the mines at Granite Creek. I had a nice time in the mining camp;  lots of friends there, and I had quite a number of visits for meals, I  shall have a service there tomorrow morning."  Soon afterwards Father Pat was asked by the Bishop to take up  the work at a place called Donald in the mountains which for a time  was an important divisional point of the Canadian Pacific Railway  with machine shops and round houses employing about three hundred  men. They lived nearby  with their  families and,  having heard of  (15) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  Father Pat's adventures in Kamloops, were glad to receive him as  their parish priest. Before long, a little Church had been built in which  the services were held. Father Pat had a little organ which he played  himself and which he took with him wherever he went.  But not all Father Pat's work was in Donald. He did many brave  things to help people. On one occasion there had been a snowslide on  the railway line and a snow plough which had been sent out to clear it  was caught in a second slide, killing the conductor, a Mr. Green. Of  course, Mrs. Green was very worried and anxious but the railway  could do nothing to bring in her husband's body. Early one morning  Father Pat slipped away from the little town with a small toboggan  which could move over the snow where an engine could not cut its way  through. Taking no notice of the danger which threatened at ever)'  step from the snowslides still going on, he made his way to where the  dead man lay, took the body, reverently wrapped it up and brought it  back to Donald. He was away two days and a night.  Once again, he was given a new sphere of labour, and this time,  it was in the Kootenays with his headquarters at Rossland. Here he  laboured with deep devotion among the miners and railroad men who  had come hither from many lands. He opened a free library and a  reading room to care for the ebb and flow of restless men. He built  churches and called to one and all to come and worship their God.  His journeys over the mountains were phenomenal; he seemed to be  tireless. He loved the wilderness where he was alone with his Heavenly  Father. The more civilized part of his wardrobe was constantly diminished by the inroads of his reckless charity. His friends gave him a  new coat; he returned without it, as he said—"Well, what could I do?  I met a poor fellow who had no overcoat at all!" He gave away all  he had, and spent himself in looking after the sick. One of the stories  of his care for the sick is about a prospector who lay sick out on the  lonely mountainside, thirty miles from doctor or medicine. Father Pat  heard of it, gathered together medicines and set off to see him. As he  drew near to the prospector's cabin, he came across three miners who  said to him, "Hello, parson, where are you going?" He told them and  they said, "Bill needs a doctor, not a parson," and began to call him  names. They would not let him pass. Quicker than lightning, Father  Pat jerked one of the miners off his horse, knocked another one off,  and cleared the trail. He reached the sick man's side and looked after  him and then, on the next day set out on the return trip. As he went  his way he came upon the three miners who had camped on the trail  waiting to get their revenge. They stopped him and began to threaten  (16) An Anglican Sky Pilot  him. "Will you see fair play if I fight one at a time?" said Father  Pat. "Oh, yes," they said, thinking they could beat him quite  thoroughly.  A ring was formed and soon one of the three measured his length  on the ground. "Come on," said Father Pat pleasantly, as the other  two seemed somewhat dazed. One came on and followed the first.  "Next," said Father Pat. But the third miner took to his heels and ran  as fast as he could down the trail. Father Pat bathed the bruises of  the two miners, and after preaching them a little sermon on the evils  of fighting, went on his way.  And now there came into his life the greatest happiness and his  greatest sorrow. While at Kamloops, he had met Miss Frances Innes,  daughter of Mr. J. H. Innes, Superintendent of H. M. Naval  Establishment at Esquimalt. She was a charming lady—"soft, curling  brown hair, expressive blue eyes and a sweet, childlike smile." Father  Pat was now serving the Bishop (Dr. Sillitoe) as Domestic Chaplain  at Holy Trinity Church (Cathedral) at New Westminster, B.C. On  January 8th, 1890, Henry Irwin and Frances Innes were married at  St. Paul's Church, Esquimalt, on Vancouver Island. They were very  happy! Perfect love and perfect sympathy were manifested in his  chivalrous devotion and her tender grace. But then, sadly, quickly  came the end. In the autumn days of November a little child was  born who never drew breath in this world—and then, three days later,  the gentle mother was called to the Paradise of God. The loving  mother and her babe were laid to rest in that beautiful cemetery overlooking the ever-rolling stream, the mighty Fraser, at Sapperton.  His final "Parish" was that of Fairview, a mining camp in the  mountains near Oliver. Many anecdotes are told of his life and labours  in this area. During a service of worship in the boarding house and  saloon for miners, Father Pat was about to announce the hymn, but  he was no vocalist. He exhorted the men "to tune up," but no one  offered "to lead". So he turned to his friend, Gorman West, exclaiming—"Gorman, you beggar, sing"! Gorman replied, "Pat, you know  I cannot sing. If I sing, every man will walk out," said Pat. "Then  for Heaven's sake, don't sing!", and the service closed without a hymn.  On another occasion at Fairview, among a group of miners was  one coarser than the rest and he ventured to insult the Padre, but Pat  paid no attention to him until the miner added other epithets which  were an insult to religion and to our Lord Himself. Father Pat turned  to him sternly, saying—"I don't mind you insulting me, but you shall  not insult my Master." The miner drew nearer to Pat in a threatening  (17) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  manner, thinking to overawe him with his superior bulk, but with a  further warning Pat turned on the man and with his scientific skill as  a boxer, he punished the man severely, and in the end, the miner went  down like a log, unconscious and bleeding. Down on his knees went  Father Pat, anxiously examining the injuries. Then and there, in a  fit of remorse, he cried—"O Lord, forgive me for not telling this  man that I was a champion boxer".  But space forbids further description of his life and work by hill  and valley. He was coming to the end of the trail. His body and mind  were showing signs of weakening. His Bishop advised him to return  to Ireland for a rest, but, pausing at Montreal, he became very ill  and died in a hospital there. His journevs were over; he had gone home.  His body was buried in God's Garden by the Fraser beside his wife  and child. He was 43 years of age.  In Rossland today, there stands a monumental lamp and drinking  fountain. It tells symbolically of the fight their noble friend had  followed and of the Water of Life which he strove to give them to  drink.  On the stone fountain are the words:  "His home was known to all the vagrant train;  He chid their wandering and relieved their pain."  On the East side:  "I was thirsty and ye gave me to drink."  On the West:  "I was hungered and ye gave me to eat."  On the North:  "In memoriam, Father Pat."  On the South:  "A man he was to all the country dear."  Requiescat in  Pace  On May 1st, 1942 a tragedy occurred in Pinaus Lake 40 miles  from Vernon when J. E. Montague and Allan Henderson, both of  Vernon, were drowned there, and on Labor Day the same year the  Vicar of Chase read the Commital and dedicated a granite stone to  the memory of the victims; 23 persons attended. Mr. Montague w.a^s  president of the Vernon Board of Trade at the time of his death and  Mr. Henderson a member of a well known Vernon family.  (18) <Jonashet,  \—~<hier of the   \^Jkanoa  ans  K. Lacey  On June 21st, at Curlew, Washington, dedication ceremonies were  performed by Father Duggan of that parish, consecrating a monument  of grey granite to the memory of Chief Joseph Tonasket, thus  fulfilling a cherished hope began some 18 years ago.  Left to right—Chief Jim James of the Colville band,  91 years old; Judge W. C. Brown of Okanogan, Wn.,  90 years old; Chief Manuel Louie of Inkameep, near  Osoyoos, B.C., 86 years old. Chief Tonasket's memorial stone, flag draped in background. Taken near  Curlew, Wn., June 21, 1958.  The inscription reads as follows:  "Chief Joseph Tonasket,  1822-1891.  "He proved himself a strong and able leader and although his  was not an inherited chieftainship he was officially recognized  as Chief of the Okanogan Indians in about the year 1858. His  whole life was a series of accomplishments for his people."  The ceremonies commenced with religious services held in the  little church in Curlew, St. Patrick's, at 9 a.m. followed by the consecrating ceremony at the graveside where a fine new monument of  (19) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  grey granite had been erected.  Chief Jim James of the Colville band, Judge W. C. Brown of  Okanogan, long time friend of the Okanogan and Colville Indians,  Chief Manuel Louie of Inkameep and others told of the many good  deeds of Tonasket, always for the good of his people. A grandson and  a great granddaughter of Chief Tonasket were present, and while  there are very few who still remember Tonasket personally there are  many who attended the school at the mouth of Bonaparte creek and  also many who enjoyed many happy days on the left bank of the  Kettle River, below Tonasket's home, where a good race track had  been established and many horses matched for speed at root digging  time or at hunting season. Tonasket owned about 500 head of cattle,  300 head of horses and 1,000 head of sheep.  After the ceremony at the grave, which is on a small bench  overlooking Tonasket's old home, and which included a five-gun  salute by a detachment from the nearby Curlew Radar Training  Station, a barbecue was held at the Henry Nelson ranch on the outskirts  of Curlew. About 175 people took advantage of the hospitality of Mr.  and Mrs. Nelson.  Some notes on Chief Tonasket supplied by Mrs. R. B. White and  recorded by Judge J. C. Haynes.  1. 1863 or 1864—Chief Tonasket was despatched with a consignment of gold by Gold Commissioner J. C. Haynes from Wild  Horse Creek to Sooyoos, from which place it would be taken by Sin-  sin-at-Kin to Hope, and thence by express to the Colonial Government  Mint at New Westminster.  2. 1865—recorded in Tom Ellis's diary . . . "Tuesday, May 16,  1865 . . . the horses were very troublesome all night and would have  got away but for Tonasket. (J. C. Haynes, Tom Ellis and Tonasket  as packer were on their way to the Mission re some trouble with the  Indians over the fishing)—Ellis to look over land—On" the return,  May 25, we got to Penticton, where Ellis had a good look at it . . ."  3. 1878. Feb. 9. (From J. C. Haynes' Magistrate's book, 1876-  1883.) "Indian Chief Tonasket's services as Special Constable in  arrest of Indians Incomititza and Big Jim, accused of house breaking  and assault at Rock Creek—including horse hire—Feb. 3rd-8th  inclusive—$20.00."  (20) v <hief    <J onasket—C____^Aier or the  \-Jkanogan <Jndians  A brief history of Chief Tonasket as taken from a manuscript  written by Judge W. C. Brown, of Okanogan, Wash., with Judge  Brown's permission for the O.H.S.  Katie Lacey  From what information is available it seems that Tonasket was  born about 1819; his father before him was also named Tonasket  (spelled Tenasket at that time), and that the ancestral home range .  of the Tonasket family was all along the Okanogan River from  above Osoyoos Lake to about Oliver in the north, to a few miles  south of where the present town of Tonasket is now located.  According to stories told by the Indians of fifty to sixty years ago,  Tonasket, already a chief of some importance, sought to quiet the  fighting Indians after the McLoughlin Canyon battle, in July 1858,  when a party of miners had been ambushed just south of the present  town of Tonasket. Tonasket tried to persuade the Indians to return  to the miners the property they had captured. Further information,  however, shows that Angus McDonald, Hudson's Bay Company's  trader was also on the scene and that Tonasket was probably the  go-between.  The first Colville reservation was created April 6th, 1872, an  irregular shaped tract of land east of the Columbia River, and it was  planned to move and locate the following tribes—the Methows, the  Okanogans, the San. Poils, the Lakes, also the Colvilles, the Calispells.  the Spokanes, and the Coeur d'Alenes and scattered tribes.  It was immediately seen, however, that someone had blundered,  and that such a move was out of the question, and on July 2, 1872  President Grant signed an order cancelling this reservation and  creating a second one, the present Colville Reservation as it still exists  with headquarters at Nespelem, and which included all lands west  and north of the Columbia River, and bounded on the west by the  Okanogan River, and on the north by the International Boundary.  At the same time the Sin-kah-yous or "Moses People," together  with the Chelans and the Wenatchees, had no reservation, so the  government suggested they go to the Yakima Reservation, or to the  Colville Reservation, but these Indians did not want to move or be  moved  from their homelands, and Chief  Moses,  in  particular,  was  (21) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  very much opposed to being located with his band away from their  ancestral haunts. There was much hard feeling and many disputes for  several years till finally, by an Executive Order signed by President  Hayes, April 19, 1879, followed by another Executive Order on  March 2nd, 1880, the Columbia Indian Reservation, also known as  the Chief Moses Reservation, was established. This comprised all  lands west of the Columbia River and the west side of the Okanogan  River from the International Boundary Line clear down to the Chelan  River. The western limits were designated as the forty-mile limit of  the Northern Pacific Railway grant which was some place over in the  Cascade Mountains. Chief Moses and his people moved over from  their habitat around Moses Coulee and Badger Mountain and relocated  themselves on this new reservation. But by this time a lot of whites  had located ranches and mines in the Osoyoos and Similkameen districts and they immediately made protest, so that on Feb. 23, 1883,  President Arthur signed an Executive Order restoring to Public  Domain a strip of land 15 miles wide along the Canadian borderline.  This displeased and alarmed Chief Moses, who declared that if the  government could deprive them of this strip that easily, they could take  the rest of the land just as easily; so gathering his people, he moved  back around Moses Coulee. The Indian Department and Office of  Indian Affairs sent out General Miles to get Chief Moses, Chief  Tonasket, Chief Sar-sepht-kin and Chief Lot (Whistle Possum),  and bring them all to Washington, D.C. for a conference.  This conference resulted in the "Moses Agreement" signed by the  Secretary of the Interior and the Commissioner of Indian Affairs,  and by Moses, Tonasket, and Sar-sepht-kin (Sar-sarp-kin) on behalf  of the Indians concerned. By this agreement various important matters  were agreed upon, part of which was that all the Moses people, the  Chelans and the Wenatchees were entitled to take allotments on the  Moses reservation if they desired and those that did not want to be  allotted in severality could move with Chief Moses to the Colville  Reservation and be accorded full rights there. Then for Chief Tonasket who was already on the Colville Reservation it was stipulated  the government should establish a grist mill, a sawmill and a  boarding school to accommodate a hundred pupils with a resident  physician to reside with them, such school to be located at the mouth  of Bonaparte Creek, where the town of Tonasket now stands. Tonasket  was also to receive an annuity of $100.00 per year; but as the above  agreement was ratified in the general appropriation act of July 4th,  1884, it was almost a year after before the Indians knew the Agree-  (22) Chief Tonasket  ment had been ratified.  As soon as the Indian Department was sure the "Moses Agreement" was ratified they promptly started to survey allotments for  those who wished to stay within the Columbia Reservation, the  balance being thrown open for homesteading and mineral rights on  May 1, 1886. With this came the start of the mining towns of Ruby,  Conconully and Loomis.  About 1884 the government built the boarding school at the  mouth of Bonaparte Creek and set up the management and operation  thereof. The influence of this school can still be seen in the thrifty  ranches and homes of the descendants of Tonasket's people in that  area. It burned down about 1894 and Tonasket's people have always  claimed they were gypped because it was never rebuilt, or other school  facilities offered.  The next we hear of Tonasket is in the Official Report of General  W. T. Sherman's tour of inspection in the summer and fall of 1883.  General Sherman was a top-ranking general in the U.S. Army. Chief  Moses and Chief Tonasket were returning from Washington, D.C.  and were on the same train with the General's party coming through  Montana.  Later General Sherman's party were camped Aug. 12 and 13  at the old U.S. Custom House on Nine-Mile Creek about half a mile  up the east side of Osoyoos Lake. The Sherman party met Tonasket  again here. The report states as follows—"During the afternoon the  General was called upon by Tonasket and a large following of his  people. He is a respectable looking oldish man resembling in appearance a Louisiana Creole planter. He is said to be quite wealthy in  cattle and farms."  It was while on this tour of inspection that General Sherman  passed through Osoyoos on his way to the Pacific Coast.  It is known that in 1883 and for many years prior to that date  the home ranch and wintering place of Tonasket was on the east side  of Okanogan River directly across from where the town of Oroville  is now. This was also a favorite gathering place for Indians for  feasting and horse racing and games. It was on this large level  expanse of open country that Father DeSmet, in May, 1842, held his  famous meeting with a large concourse of Indians and recorded in  his Journal that he baptized 106 children and several older people  and named the place "the Plain of Prayer". This land is now all  irrigated orchards.  It is known that Tonasket sold this land to   Hiram  F.   Smith  (23) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  (Okanogan Smith) and his common-law Indian wife, Mary Manuelr  and that "Old Mary" (as she was commonly called) and several of  her close relatives made this property their regular home thereafter,  till that part of the Colville Reservation was allotted to Indians and  later to white settlement in 1900. Okanogan Smith continued to-  occupy and hold the lands of his extensive ranch as a U.S. citizen  under claim of "squatter priority" as he had settled there before the  Colville Reservation was established in July, 1872. But he died in  August, 1893, while temporarily staying in Seattle, and thereupon  his Indian wife immediately took possession of all the Okanogan  Smith lands and properties, claiming that regardless of whatever  rights he may have had, the same were merely individual squatter's.  rights, personal to him alone, and consequently died with him. The  Indian service backed her up in her demands and she and her relatives  and Smith's mixed-blood grandchildren, under their rights as Reservation Indians, ultimately got all the land claimed by Smith in his  lifetime, and also most of the lands that composed the very valuable  holdings of Chief Tonasket above referred to, situated on the  famously historic "Plain of Prayer".  In 1885 Tonasket moved with his people and stock over on to  Curlew Creek, just south of Midway, B.C. It is safe to assume he  had noticed the increasing number of stockmen running cattle around  the lower Similkameen valley and Osoyoos Lake while there was  little if any stock along the Kettle River and Curlew Creek, and  also there were extensive meadows of wild hay at the headwaters of  the San Poil River. True, the winters were shorter and milder in the  Okanogan and here he would need hay, so Tonasket went to Colville  and purchased a mowing machine and rake and a couple of light  farm wagons, which he brought back part way by freight wagon and  part way by pack-train, and when neither of these were possible he  used stone-boats to skid the freight through to where he wanted.  His efforts at putting up hay were apparently very successful and  increased his stock-raising activities for he got through the very severe  winter of 1889-90 with very little loss. The same winter took a  terrific toll from all the stockmen all over eastern Washington.  The Tonasket family acquired valuable allotments in the Curlew  and Republic districts. Chief Tonasket's home ranch was on the  left bank of the Kettle River about a mile from the present town  of Curlew. His two-story log house is still standing. Here, also, at  the time of his death, he had a small general store that carried a  considerable stock of goods and was in the charge of a man named  (24) Chief Tonasket  Gibbs, while on the benchland above the river and across from the  mouth of Curlew Creek Tonasket maintained a mile-long race track.  But the most outstanding feature of Tonasket's shrewdness and  clearheadedness is that he was the first Indian cattleman of importance  anywhere in northcentral Washington or in southern British Columbia.  There were many Indians who possessed large numbers of horses  throughout the bunch grass regions of Washington, Oregon and  southern British Columbia, but there were very few Indians north  -of the Snake River country that ever went in for cattle, and as far  as it has been possible to ascertain, Tonasket was the only Indian  that ever put up hay for wintering cattle in the early days and he  was also the first Indian stockman in this area to cut and put up hay  in extensive amounts using farm machinery according to the up-to-date  methods of his day.  Tonasket had been in his new location less than ten years and had  accomplished much. One of his eyes had become infected, and he  went to Spokane, where it was found necessary to remove the ailing  'Ģeye. The operation was not a success. By that time the Corbin  Railway had been extended north of Spokane into the Colville region.  He was taken off the train at Marcus, where his camp was waiting  for him, and where he died a couple of days later. This was in the  spring of 1891, and Tonasket was about 71. His body was taken to  his old home at Curlew and laid to rest on a hill just above his home.  "The History of Kaleden" by H. W. Corbitt, was published last  fall by the Kaleden Centennial Committee. Printed by the Penticton  Herald, it contains 61 pages, 19 pictures and a plan of the district.  The Author acknowledges assistance from Ron King and a number of  pioneers and residents of Kaleden; also Verne Simpson of Oliver and  the Okanagan Historical Society. The frontispiece is a photograph of  James Ritchie, founder of Kaleden, and an interesting feature of the  book is a poem, "Kaleden Road," by the famous Canadian poet, Bliss  Carman. Another unusual feature is that in the group picture of old-  timers the maiden names of the married women are indicated.  Chapter headings comprise Early Days, The Birth of Kaleden,  Disaster threatens, Fruit Production, Community Life and Biographical Sketches. A list of Old Timers (18) and War records,  1914-18 and 1939-45 conclude the work.  (25) (26) J he y^Jhanagan <yVlinistrg of the ^L^ate  92.v. __&,. Q. ^4. IMdson, 1894-1900  Rev. J. C. Goodfellow, D.D.  We must begin with an effort to see things in perspective. Otherwise it will be difficult to appreciate the part played by our hero. He  reflected in himself much of the history of the Presbyterian Church  in British Columbia. That history covered sixty-four years to the  time of Church Union in June, 1925. Dr. Wilson began his work  in 1893, thus covering just over half of this period. Thereafter, as  a United Church minister, he continued to give direction.  Historical Background  The beginnings of Presbyterianism in our province date back to  1861. In the spring of that year the Irish Presbyterian minister, John  Hall, arrived in Victoria. Before long, others came from Scotland,  and from Canada. With the unfurling of the blue banner came  living values we still labour to conserve. First Presbyterian Church,  Victoria, was founded in 1861, organized in 1862, built in 1863,  -and served the needs of the growing congregation till 1913, when  the present church (now United) was built. When Mr. Hall left  for New Zealand in 1865 the Church of Scotland sent Rev. Thomas  Somerville to maintain the work. A split in First Church led to the  founding of St. Andrew's, the second Presbyterian church in Victoria,  under the guidance of Dr. Somerville in 1866. He returned to Scotland in 1870, and the Victoria church he founded is today part of  the Presbyterian Church in Canada.  Rev. Simon MacGregor was the second minister of St. Andrew's.  In 1875 he visited Scotland, and addressed the General Assembly in  Edinburgh. This resulted in addition of four Scottish ministers to  British Columbia, and the formation of the Presbytery of British  Columbia, in connection with the Church of Scotland. That same  year—1875—the various Presbyterian bodies in the rest of Canada  had come together to form the Presbyterian Church in Canada.  The ministers of the Scottish Church had roving commissions in  wide fields, some of which were larger than Presbyteries of today.  With the passing of the years the conviction grew that church work  in our province could be administered better from Toronto than from  Edinburgh. One by one the congregations attached themselves to  the Canadian Church. By 1889 this piecemeal union was complete.  It was the consummation of wisdom aided by necessity.  (27) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  To understand the Canadian contribution to Presbyterianism in  British Columbia, we must keep in mind that the original two crown  colonies of Vancouver Island and the mainland were united in 1866  to form one colony, taking the name of the younger, though larger,.  of the two units. This political union became part of Canada in 1871.  The Canadian church body to send the first Presbyterian minister to  British Columbia was the Canada Presbyterian Church, which originated in 1861, when the so-called Free and United churches of that  day came together. The last Moderator of the Canada Presbyterian  Church was Dr. William Caven, who had become Principal of Knox  College, Toronto, in 1873. It was the most missionary-minded of  all the Presbyterian churches in Canada.  Robert Jamieson, an Irishman settled in Ontario, came west under  the auspices of the Foreign Mission Committee of the Canada Presbyterian Church, and reached New Westminster in 1862. For  twenty-two years he served in the Lower Fraser Valley, and in  Nanaimo. He was accepted as a corresponding member of the Presbytery of British Columbia in connection with the Church of Scotland.  From 1875-1885 the population of the province remained almost  stationary. The gold fever had spent itself. Depression years followed.  With railroad construction came a decided improvement, settlers  arriving, and business booming. This continued till 1891. The  Canadian Church came in with the tide. The Church of Scotland  did nothing to encourage, and nothing to hinder union. Beginning  with Langley in 1886, and ending with Wellington in 1889, the  Auld Kirk decreased, the new church increased (1).  The Presbytery of Columbia was erected in 1887 following a  visit from the Rev. D. M. Gordon of Winnipeg. This Presbytery  included most of what is now Alberta, and was later divided and  subdivided as time went on until, in 1925, there were six Presbyteries  within our provincial boundaries.  At first the Synod of British Columbia included the Presbytery of  Calgary. Edmonton appears as an offshoot of Calgary Presbytery  in 1897. In 1900 Kootenay Presbytery stemmed from Kamloops.  The Synod was called British Columbia and Alberta from 1904 to  1907, in which year the Synod of Alberta was formed. In 1913 the  Presbytery of Cariboo was erected, still further decreasing the area of  Kamloops Presbytery, which in 1894 included Kootenay and Cariboo.  (28) Rev. Dr. G. A. Wilson  These   were   the   days   of   primitive   transportation   and   magnificent  distances.  MA. 1895 (apx. 26, pp. cxxii, ff.) shows that in the Presbytery of  Kamloops in 1894 there was only one "augmented congregation"  (Kamloops), four "ordained mission congregation fields", and ten  student mission stations, only three of which had full time supply.  Revs. Archibald Lee was at Kamloops, George Murray at Nicola,  J. Knox Wright at Spallumcheen, Walter R Ross at Donald, Thomas  Patron at Kettle River, and George A. Wilson at Vernon (1).  The Valley of Youth  Okanagan has been called "The Valley of Youth" (2). Writing  of Okanagan in the early nineties, Charles W. Holliday tells that  everyone seemed to live "a care-free, happy existence. Everybody  seemed to be perennially young. Here was the Valley of Youth,"  (p. 123) and here he made his home for the next fifty years.  First impressions are often deep and lasting. It is quite likely that  Mr. Holliday was impressed by the sunny Okanagan. The fact  remains that for many of the pioneers the early nineties were difficult  years. "The Valley of Youth" is a tribute to their courage and  optimism.  Okanagan Lake is 69 miles long, north to south, with a width  varying from three-quarters to two and a half miles. The three  largest towns around the lake are Penticton at the south, Kelowna  middle east, and Vernon near the north end. The road north from  Vernon travels through Armstrong and Enderby to Sicamous and  Revelstoke. The east road from Vernon takes the traveller through  the famous Coldstream Ranch fruit district to Lumby. North-west  from Vernon is Kamloops. The road south follows the shores of  Kalamalka Lake for thirteen miles of rare scenic beauty, and on  to Kelowna 34 miles south. From here, until the lake was bridged,  ferries ran to Westbank, from which the road follows the west  shore of Okanagan Lake through Peachland and Summerland to  Penticton.  Vernon is a distributing centre of diversified farming lands, timber areas, and potential mining districts. It is approximately 1240  feet above sea level, and within hailing distance of three lakes:  Swan Lake to the north, Kalamalka to the south, and Okanagan to  the west.   The Vernon News, 3.4.1952, quoted population as 7,822.  Although the pre-emption of lots on the present site of Vernon  dates back to 1867, the town itself was actually less than ten years  (29) The Okanagan Historical Society—A959  old when Mr. Wilson arrived there in November, 1894. The town-  site of Centreville (included in present townsite) was laid out by  E. J. Tronson and Charles Brewer in 1885. On July 3, 1884, there  were only four residences within present city limits. These were the  cabins of Luc Girouard (now in Park) and Amos Delorie, part  of the Vernon Hotel and the home of Price Ellison. In July, 1884,  the first store was built, opposite the Vernon Hotel, by W. F. Cameron.  The first Government Office was built in 1885, and the Victoria  Hotel was under construction. Other homes and offices were built in  1886 and following years, and Vernon became a place on the map  of North Okanagan. The site of Vernon was originally known as  Priest's Valley, then Centreville, and finally Vernon.  When the Shuswap and Okanagan railway was built south from  Sicamous in 1891, Vernon for a time became a thriving centre. But  the boom did not last long, and was followed by depression years.  The depression was country-wide. The life of new settlers in a new  country was especially difficult. This was the situation Mr. Wilson  had to face during his ministry in Vernon and elsewhere in North  Okanagan. People were just looking for a chance to get out. Vernon  had a population of about 650. St. Andrew's Church had a membership of 65. A like number of members was added to the roll  during Mr. Wilson's stay, but the membership was still just 65  when he left.  A change was taking place in the appearance of the countryside  to the north through the period. Originally a stock country with only  trails, with pea vine and vetch up to the stirrups, with no house locked,  it was a dreamland. But it had been overstocked, so fences began to  appear. The day of smaller holdings had come. When it was discovered that fruit could be grown successfully, a new era set in. But  that was very much in its infancy in Mr. Wilson's time.  Forerunners in the Work  Previous to 1885 the district had enjoyed occasional visits from  Rev. George Murray of Nicola, and Rev. John Chisholm of Nicola  and Kamloops.- Rev. J. A. Jaffary served the whole Okanagan area  north of Kelowna. He arrived in July, 1886, and was greeted by  Alexander Leslie Fortune, who had come west with the Overlanders  in 1862, and settled on the Spallumcheen River in 1866. Although  not ordained, Mr. Fortune is rightly regarded as the pioneer Presbyterian of the North Okanagan (3). He had made ample preparation  for the arrival of the missionary, but none  for the bride, of whose  (30) Rev. Dr. G. A. Wilson  coming Mr. Fortune was unaware. There was an unoccupied house,  named by the Indians "Leduc Stop". It contained two rooms and an  attic. It became the first "manse" in Okanagan, and was rented for  $4.00 a month. It stood in the midst of a forest, far from other  human habitation.  In less than a year a home was secured in Lansdowne, "The  Village", which was more central. Church was held in the manse,  and the praise was sustained by an organ sent by Mrs. Jaffary's father  from the East. Sunday services were held in Pleasant Valley, or  Round Prairie (Schubert's) in forenoon; Lansdowne afternoon,  and Enderby in the evening. Week-night services were conducted  at Priest's Valley (Vernon), and at Postill's and Grand Prairie. In  all this work Mr. Fortune was the minister's right-hand man. First  communion service was held in a log school at Schubert's Ranch  towards end of 1882. Twelve out of twenty present partook of the  sacrament. Denominational lines were unknown. Mr. Jaffary's  pastorate lasted three years.  Mr. Jaffary was succeeded by Rev. John Knox Wright, who, for  the first year (1889), covered the same wide territory; but in 1890  the field was divided when Rev. Paul F. Langill arrived to assume  oversight of Vernon, and other points south to Kelowna, leaving Mr.  Wright to look after Enderby, Armstrong and Glenemma, which  he did till 1896. Mr. Langill served from 1890-94. He was a good  horseman, and soon won the hearts of the people. Vernon's population at that time consisted of about three dozen men and three white  women, and they packed the schoolhouse when services were held.  Mrs. Langill made an effective contribution to the work.  In 1893 Benvoulin and other points south were formed into a  student field, J. M. Miller, 1893-97; and in November, 1894, Mr.  Wilson succeeded Paul Langill at Vernon. His field included Vernon,  Lumby and Caledonia Valley. When Vernon required forenoon  services, Mr. Wilson preached fortnightly at Lumby, giving afternoon  service.  (4)  First Pastorate  Dr. Wilson always retained the warmest affection for the people  of his first charge, and delighted to meet them in after years. The  pleasure of meeting was mutual.  In addition to his three regular appointments, Mr. Wilson had  oversight of Kelowna, and it will be convenient to look at the work  there before a closer look is taken at the other points.  (31) Kelowna and neighbouring points had been created a student field  in the spring of 1894. Assembly Minutes for-1895 (apx. 26, p. cxxiv)  lists points in new field as Okanagan, Benvoulin, Kelowna and Postill.  First student appears to have been G. Somerville, from Edinburgh,  Scotland. It will be remembered that when Rev. John Hall left Victoria in 1865 the Church of Scotland sent the Rev. Thomas Somerville to succeed him at First Church. The church at Benvoulin was  erected through the efforts of Rev. Paul Langill. It was opened and  dedicated on Sunday, 11th September, 1892, by the Rev. Thomas  Somerville of Glasgow, who visited Canada that summer. We assume  that these are not two men with the same name, but one and the  same man, but what relationship, if any, he had with the student of  1894, G. Somerville, we do not know. (5)  With supervision of the student field, Mr. Wilson would have to  travel the long distance (35 miles) from Vernon" to Kelowna three or  four times a year to conduct communion service. The student in  question had an unfortunate illness, suffering from some type of  encephalitis, or meningitis—brain fever, as it was then called. (6)  When it was reported at Vernon that Mr. Somerville was seriously  ill, Mr. Wilson made a hurried journey to Kelowna so that the student  might be adequately cared for. The patient had ,to be conveyed on a  litter, slung between two horses, all the way north to Vernon for  hospital treatment. About his subsequent progress we have no information, but we do know that Mr. Wilson contracted a similar illness,  and was himself in hospital for some weeks. For a time he was in a  state of coma, and his life was despaired of. His recovery left him  with severe headaches, which plagued him daily for the rest of his  life. Apart from members of his family, no one knew of this condition, and we must attribute to his magnificent constitution the fact  that he was able to maintain a high degree of efficiency in his work  till the time of his death. (7) No one knew the constant effort necessary to meet the ever-increasing calls of duty. The true Celt is rarely  communicative outside a very narrow circle, and it was not his nature  to share his burdens, or seek sympathy. Only his indomitable spirit  made him rise triumphant over the ills of life.  Of the three Vernon appointments the farthest east was CALEDONIA VALLEY, later called GALENA. It lay between Lumby  and Shuswap Falls (8). The people were mostly Anglican, but they  appreciated the efforts of the Presbyterian Church to give them service. These services were held in the home of a Col. McDonald. He  was Presbyterian,  and  his  wife was Anglican.    Many  of the  early  (32) Rev. Dr. G. A. Wilson  settlers moved out, but those who remained did well.    .  LUMBY was a small village, fifteen miles east of Vernon—a  centre of lumbering, dairying and mixed farming. The central part  of the village was established by Louis Morand and Quinn Falkner  in 1892, and named as a tribute to Moses Lumby, then Government  agent at Vernon. The first hotel, built by two pioneers, and called  the Ram's Horn, was destroyed by fire in 1895, but soon replaced  by the Lumby Hotel.  The district was originally settled by French-Canadians who were  Roman Catholics, and built the first church about a mile from the  town centre. This church was afterwards dismantled, and built in  a more central location. Early in Lumby history the Anglicans secured  two lots, and proceeded to build. Rev. A.. H. Plummer was their  first resident minister.  In the early nineties settlers arrived from the Old Country, and  from the prairies, and desired a church home. Louis Morand donated  a site on the main entrance to town, and the Presbyterian Church was  erected in 1895 by subscription and voluntary labour (9).  The Presbyterian congregation was served from Vernon by Revs.  Paul F. Langill, 1890-94; and G. A. Wilson, 1894-1900, the'present  church at Lumby being built during Mr. Wilson's ministry. Services  previously had been conducted in the home of J. Nesbitt. The project  of building was entered into heartily, the people doing practically all  the work themselves. Included in the number of workers were the  Campbell brothers, Derby brothers, J. C. Elliott and Mr. Thatcher.  When Vernon required morning and evening services Mr. Wilson  continued to drive out for afternoon service at Lumby every second  week, a thirty-five mile drive with horse and buggy, between one  and six o'clock, with a service included. Often, after a social event,  he drove back to Vernon after midnight.  (10)  After a time a student was secured for Lumby and Coldstream.  W. E. Knowles was the first. Later, Rev. R. G. Vans, a retired minister, served the field for many years. He came to be regarded as the  "Grand Old Man." The following quotation, from The Vancouver  Province, 15 March, 1925, would have delighted the heart of Dr.  Wilson:  "It was a familiar sight to see the white-haired old man in his  top buggy, behind an equally venerable white horse, as he came and  went on the duties of his church. Strange as it may seem, 'Old Tom'  served his master for the period of twenty years—and when Mr.  Vans was removed to the hospital, the faithful beast was found dead  (33) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  in his Stall a week or two later.  . . ."  During his Okanagan ministry, Mr. Wilson's work became increasingly centred in Vernon. In addition to church work, he took  a prominent part in community life. During 1898-99 he joined his  Methodist brother minister, Rev. Ebenezer Robson, in a temperance  crusade, and was a frequent platform speaker when the Laurier  plebiscite anent Prohibition was before the people.  Of the work in Vernon, Dr. Wilson, in a letter to the writer,  says there was nothing spectacular. Business was dull, and the future  uncertain. Besides, since the Christian forces were divided into three  denominations, financing was difficult. In spite of that, St. Andrew's  was moving up to self-support.  In the Presbyterian policy, self-support is usually reached in two  steps. The first is to be placed on the list of "Augmented" charges;  that is, of charges which raise a certain, specified sum, and has this  amount augmented from the Augmentation Fund. When a congregation reaches that stage it has the right to call a minister, and a spirit  of self-reliance is developed. In later life, as superintendent of missions, Dr. Wilson was ever on the alert to develop that spirit, by having  missionary charges come up to augmentation status.  He began with Vernon. "In the spring of '97", he wrote in  1926, "I felt that things had got into a rut and that progress was not  being made as rapidly as possible. I therefore called the Session together, and intimated that at the March meeting of Presbytery I  would resign and give the congregation a chance to move up to augmentation. I accordingly did so, with the result that the congregation applied for the standing of augmentation. When this was granted,  a practically unanimous call was extended to me, and in June I was  inducted as their first, settled minister. This action was an inspiration both to the congregation and to the minister, and demonstrated  to me that when a congregation makes its own choice of minister his  relation with his people is more cordial, and the opportunity of service  far greater than under the terms of Presbytery appointment." (11)  "The following year I received a call to Mount Pleasant congregation in Vancouver. But, though the Moderator made a journey  to Enderby to prosecute the call, I could not make up my mind to  accept, and accordingly declined. Afterwards, reviewing the whole  situation, I determined that I would remain with the Vernon congregation until three things were accomplished—the debt paid off,  the  congregation   self-sustaining,   and  the   Presbytery  divided.    The  (34) Rev. Dr. G. A. Wilson  first was accomplished in the spring of the following year, 1898. At  the congregational meeting in 1899 it was decided to become self-  supporting; and that spring Presbytery resolved to ask the Assembly  to erect the Presbytery of Kootenay. The division took place in September, and, much to my astonishment, in November a second call to  Mount Pleasant was extended to me. What I had set out to do had  been accomplished much more speedily than I had anticipated. Accordingly, I intimated that I would accept, and after the annual  meeting, held about the third of January, 1900, left for Vancouver,  where I was inducted on the eighth."  He tells the story of the liquidation of the $1300 debt in these  words: "A Miss Fleming who was in delicate health came to visit her  brother and an exceedingly cold snap set in, so that the old stove proved  inadequate to heat the church. Miss Fleming could not remain at the  service, and her brother told the managers that if they would pay off  the debt in three months he would install a furnace free of charge to  the congregation. The matter was discussed at the annual meeting,  and taken hold of somewhat reluctantly. However, a good canvassing  convener was appointed, and within the time specified the money was  paid in. This put new heart into the congregation, and the next step  was to move on to self-support."  Regarding the division of Kamloops Presbytery the following extract from his letter is of interest:  "My neighbour ministers were few. Wright (J. K.) was at  Spallumcheen. G. Murray was at Nicola. W. Ross at Donald. T.  Rogers was at Nelson, and D. Martin was at Kaslo. Duncan Campbell at Quesnel in '97, I think. These were all the neighbours I had.  Students were at all other points: Kelowna, Revelstoke, Salmon Arm,  Ashcroft. Robert Laird was at Ashcroft when I went to the Cariboo  in 1894."  "I did not see much of my neighbours—just twice a year at  Presbytery. One had to sink or swim by one's unaided efforts then,  and for me, just out of College, it took a mighty effort to swim, and  I often wonder how I kept afloat!  "There was one summer wrhen one or two fields were vacant, and  the one Commissioner was at Assembly, that G. Murray at Nicola  and I at Vernon were the only two Presbyterian ministers in B.C.  east of New Westminster.  "Once I was Moderator, Home Mission Convener, Clerk and  Treasurer of Presbytery7.   What more could one desire?"  (35) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  After he left for Vancouver, Dr. Wilson was to visit Vernon many  times, especially when in attendance at meetings of the Kamloops  Presbytery, or Kamloops-Okanagan Presbytery as it became called  after the time of Church Union. He had been the first settled minister of St. Andrew's, Vernon, and it was always with a sense of  joy that he returned to the scene of his labours from 1894-1900.  Perhaps the most memorable such occasion was in 1943. His son  tells the story: (12)  "It was with a vast pride, and emotion that nearly stifled speech,  that he baptized his first grandson, my son, Donald Gordon McLaren  Wilson, in the same church in which he commenced his formal  ministry. . . ." (13)  (l)For sources of  above  summary  see:   Presbyterianism   in   British  Columbia, Rev. A. Dunn, D.D. (New Westminster, 1913);  Goodfellow, J.  C.   "John Hall:  Pioneer Presbyterian in  British  Columbia," British Columbia Historical Quarterly, January, 1943,  pp. 31-48;  McNeill, John Thomas. The Presbyterian Church in Canada 1875-  1925   (Toronto, 1925);  Howay, F. W.  British Columbia, vol. ii, pp. 643 - 648;  Begg,  Alexander.    History  of   British   Columbia   (Toronto,   1894)  pp. 492 - 499;  Logan, John A. History of Presbyterian Church in British Columbia (MS);  McKeller, Rev. Hugh, D.D. Presbyterian Pioneer Ministers (Toronto, 1924);  Goodfellow, J. C. "Origins of the United Church of Canada in  British Columbia." Paper read to American Historical Association  (Pacific Branch), December 30, 1952.  (2) Holliday, Charles W. The Valley of Youth (The Caxton Printers  Ltd., Caldwell, Idaho, 1948). The origin and growth of community  life in Okanagan is told in broad outline—Vernon, Kelowna, Penticton, etc.   Stories about Father Pat (Henry Irwin) are included.  (3) See article by Mrs. Jaffray on "Pioneer Days in B.C." in The Presbyterian Record, January, 1911; pp. 17-21.  (4) The church at Vernon had been built in 1891 (See: Minutes of  General Assembly Pres. Ch. in Canada, 1892, apd. 1, p. xxxiii). The  years of Mr. Wilson's stay in Vernon were depression years, 1894-  1900. Thereafter followed Revs. Joseph McCoy 1900-1902, R. W.  Craw 1902-1905. Then Vernon became a charge all by itself, others  looking after points formerly included, with Revs. Logie Mac-  Donnall 1905-1910, G. C. F. Pringle 1910-1912, C. O. Main 1912-1918,  L. Fraser 1918-1923, W. A. Guy 1924-1926.  (5) Minutes of General Assembly Pres. Ch. in Canada, 1894, apx. 1,  pp. xvii, f., acknowledges help from Scotland and Ireland, through  appeals of Rev. C. W. Gordon on behalf of the Home Mission work  in Western Canada.  "The presence of six students from the colleges in Scotland  in our mission field this year will help give the young men attend-  (36) Rev. Dr. G. A. Wilson  ing college in Scotland a better idea of our field and work through  the reports and correspondence of these missionaries."  Minutes of General Assembly Pres. Ch. in Canada, 1894, apx. 1,  pp.  x-xi,   tells   of  effect  of  the   Depression,   and  its   effect   on  immigration.  The Benvoulin Church pulpit Bible was presented by Dr.  Thomas Somerville, in whose handwriting is the inscription on  fly leaf; "May 17, 1894,  "Presented to the Presbyterian Church  "at Guisachan, B.C., in memory of his  "visit—by Thomas Somerville,  Minister, Blackfriars,  Glasgow,  "who conducted the opening service,  "Sept. '92."  (6) (7) Dr. G. McL. Wilson of Kelowna, notes, with letter 27, Nov. 1952.  (8) No mention of these places as being in North Okanagan in GG.30  (Geographical Gazetteer of British Columbia, 1930).  (9) Vernon News: "Marching On" edition, 21 Oct. 1937.  (10) See "The Presbyterian Church in the North and Central Okanagan," by Rev. W. Stott, in Okanagan Historical Report, No. 1,  1926, pp. 20-27.  (11) These extracts are from a communication to the Rev. W. Stott  who was at the time preparing a history of the Presbyterian Church  in the North Okanagan, and had written for data. The request  arrived at a propitious moment. Dr. Wilson was on holiday at the  time. His reply was dated at East Sound, 13 July, 1926. At the  end of six pages he wrote:  "I have written this lying in a hammock without once getting  up. The sun is covering 3A of me and is rapidly gaining on the  last %. I have just put things down as they have come into my  mind with no attempt at orderliness."  Just the disorder that a holiday inspires. Be that as it may, it is  the only thing available for the purposes of this Biography. For  othsr periods of his life dependence must be on other sources.  (12) Dr. G. McL. Wilson: notes with letter 27, Nov. 1952.  (13) Vernon News, 30 August, 1943, carried an account of this unique  event.  "The Story of Okanagan Falls" by Jas. R. Christie and Isabel  Christie MacNaughton, is a centennial booklet, the basis of an article  on that community which appeared in O.H.S. 22. Published by the  Centennial Committee, it consists of 40 pages, dealing in three chapters with the geographic background, native Indians and exploration,  settlement, and finally community life, transportation and industry,  flora and fauna. There are seven pictures and the book concludes with  a diagram of horse and cattle brands in the district.  (37) *pk  easant <^hootina at <Jvelowna  ^/rfter the    J~irst     HJar  Leo Hutton  I first saw the Okanagan Valley and Kelowna in September of  1921, although I had known of them for years.  I had known Harry and Mrs. (Kelly) Broad for a very long time  in Calgary, Banff, and Lake Louise, both before and after they were  married. When Harry bought the old Palace Hotel, in Kelowna, he  and Kelly fell in love with the country and people and insisted that  I pay them a visit.  I left Calgary on C.P.R. No. 1, arrived at Sicamous in the morning  and took the local train to Okanagan Landing where I boarded the old  sternwheeler "Sicamous." Captain Weeks very kindly made me free  of the pilot house and after an excellent lunch on the steamer and a  delightful trip down the beautiful lake, I arrived at Kelowna where  Harry and Kelly met me.  I met a great many charming people; Dr. Billy and Jean Knox,  Dr. Curly and Grace Campbell, Tom and Ella Norris, Jack and Ella  Taylor, Mike Hereron, Jim and Lou Knowles, Kenny and Bess  McLaren, the St. George Baldwins, and many others, some of whose  names I have forgotten. Jack Dunlop, whom I had known in Fort  MacLeod, Alberta, was travelling for a hardware firm in Vancouver  and made frequent trips to Kelowna. He afterwards married and  settled in Kelowna.  They all insisted that I remain for the pheasant shooting, the  season for which opened about the middle of October or in November,  but as I only had three weeks' holidays, and it was then September, it  was impossible for me to remain that long. I finally decided to save  one week of my holidays for the shooting, so returned to Calgary,  until October, bought a 20 guage shotgun and reached Kelowna the  day before the season opened. Several people came into the Broads'  suite to discuss plans for the morrow and we finally got to bed about  midnight.  In those days shooting commenced at dawn and ended at sunset,  so we were up at 3:30 A.M. and drove out to Jack Taylor's  for  breakfast and then  out to  Mike  Hereron's where  we had excellent  shooting. Harry had a short barrelled Irish pheasant gun with which he  was a deadly shot. We had taken rum  (against the cold)  and sand-  (38) Pheasant Shooting at Kelowna  wiches, and it was very pleasant sitting in the sun on a pile of logs and  drinking rum and cream, the latter being supplied by Mike Hereron.  At the end of the day we returned to the Palace Hotel in time to  have a few drinks, change, have dinner and then on to a dance or party.  The people of the Valley had the very sound idea of getting as  much pleasure out of life as possible and there was a continual round  of golf, parties and dancing, interspersed with bridge and poker games  though neither of the latter did me much good.  This went on for a week and I then had to get up at some ungodly  hour to go North on the "Sicamous." I slept all the way up the lake,  all the way to Sicamous and all the way to Calgary, by which time I was  caught up on sleep.  A lot of men used to come down from Vancouver for the shooting,  and Harry's beautiful dog "DeeDee", half Labrador, half English  retriever, remembered everyone from the previous year, and each  morning would go to a room, say "Woof-woof" and when let in say  "Good morning" as best he could and then on to the next door. When  he was poisoned, I am sure by accident, we all felt we had lost a  friend, and the following year, when young Bill Hereron and I  were speaking of him, Bill said; "DeeDee was always a gentleman to  go shooting with", which seems a very fine tribute. He was a friend  of everyone in Kelowna, especially children, and he would make the  round of families with children, play with them for half an hour or  so and then move on to the next family, returning home all worn out.  I went to Kelowna every year until 1931, at which time I was  moved East; then in 1947 my daughter Mrs. J. M. Lamont and  family moved from Vancouver to Okanagan Mission, and I was  able to make several trips, but the orchard sprays or some other cause  had destroyed most of the pheasants and I had very little shooting.  During the earlier times there was one year when Dr. Harry Brett,  son of a one time Lieutenant Governor of Alberta, came out from  Banff with me and we drove up to McCullough with Billy Knox, for  blue grouse, but with no luck at all. We also went to Penticton. Bill  Allerton, whom we all knew at Banff and Lake Louise was managing  the Incola Hotel. We decided to play golf on a funny course, among  backyards, fences and roads. There were seven of us, but as there was  only one set of clubs available, we drew lots and had to play every  shot with the one club. Someone drove a ball into the box of a wagon  which was passing and we insisted the ball be played from the moving  wagon. The Allertons had a party in their suite in the evening,  at  (39) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  which were several of the Penticton people. The next day we drove  down to Oliver after pheasants, but didn't see a bird.  One year a Mr. Davis became interested in a gold claim which an  old prospector had up Mission Creek, and in turn, interested me. We  went out one Sunday and sampled the face of the canyon and I sent  the samples to Nelson for assay. The assays showed values in gold  from $65.00 to $75.00 per ton and we thought we had a bonanza. I  raised some capital in Calgary and brought a mining engineer named  Myers from Nelson. We took more samples which also showed high  values and decided to drift into the wall of the canyon. We went in  two or three feet and took samples wdiich, when assayed, showed values  of about $1.50 per ton.  This was not only disappointing, but puzzling, but we then discovered that the porous rock on the face became absorbent when wet  and during the high water, the flour gold from higher up lodged  in the porous rock and thus gave the high values. The Bible says; —  "—there is a vein for the silver and a place for gold—" but we  didn't find it. I did, however, wash out one nugget the size of a pin-  head, and as the venture had cost $1,200.00, I was able to say that I  had washed out a $1,200.00 nugget.  The old Palace was a nice small hotel, but had only one bathroom  on each floor. Mary, a Chinese, was the chef and most excellent he  was. Jimmy, also a Chinese, was the chambermaid. When the Royal  Anne was built, the Palace was moved to the rear and became the  dining-room and kitchen.  Kelly and I used to go about the country selecting rocks for the  Royal Anne fireplace and then taking the stonemason out to split them.  I designed the wrought iron fireplace screen for the Royal Anne and  also one for Frank de Hart and had them made in Calgary.  I could write reams about trips to the Rim Rock, fishing, shooting  over A. T. Howe's Orchards at Vernon and Pritchard's Orchards  at Westbank, and mushroom picking in fields which are now built over,  but this is long enough.  I doubt whether the new generations have as much fun as we had  when Kelowna was small; life more leisurely and the income tax  nothing to worry about.  Ottawa, August 15, 1956. L. A. B. Hutton.  (40) <yVlinutes  >^>y ^Z^tnnvtal <yVleetina  Annual Meeting of the Okanagan Historical Society, held May  13th,  1959 in the Anglican Parish  Hall, Kelowna.  The meeting was called to order at 2:45 P.M. The President in  theGhair. Mr. Whitham welcomed all members attending, particularly  those coming  from a distance.  •  Notice of meeting was read by the Secretary.  Minutes—The President stated that minutes of the last Annual  Meeting had been printed in the 22nd Report. It had been the custom  in the past to take minutes as read, but if anyone wished them read the  Secretary would do so.  Moved by Mr. Goldie, 2nd by Mrs. White "That the Minutes be  accepted as read." Carried  No Business arising from the minutes and no corrections.  Correspondence—The Secretary read letters received from Captain  Weeks and Dr. Goodfellow expressing regret at their inability to  attend the meeting.  In Memoriam—Two minutes silence was observed in memory of  those members and the Pioneers who had passed away during the year.  REPORTS—  President's Report—Mr. Whitham thanked members of Branches  for the support they gave the Centennial committees throughout the  Valley in making the 100th Anniversary of the founding of our  Province such a success. He also expressed gratitude to a former Editor  of the Society's Report, Dr. Margaret Ormsby, for her book "A  History of British Columbia" which will fill a long felt need in the  Province. The Editor, Mr. Marriage, was complimented on the excellence of the 22nd Report and the Chairmen of the Editorial Conr-  mittees for their support.  Owing to the rising cost of printing the Report, the finances of  the Society, while still in the black, were not as healthy as formerly;  the only solution of the problem seemed to be in increased membership  and the president appealed to the Branches to exert every effort in this  matter.  At the last Annual Meeting, on motion of Dr. Ross, 2nd by Mr.  Cameron, the Executive was instructed to prepare a Constitution and  By-laws for the Society. The President appointed a committee, consisting of Dr. Ross, Mr. Guy Bagnall and Mr. G. M. Watt to draft  a Constitution and By-Laws to be presented later at this meeting.  Mr. Whitham again thanked members of the Executive for their  (41) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  help and support during his four years of office, and the Kelowna  Branch for arranging the meeting and dinner.  Treasurer's Report-—Mr. Bagnall reported that, at this time last  year, membership stood at 450, on April 30th of this year it is only  350, a drop of 100. If the Society is to continue to function this must  be remedied, and the Treasurer placed the responsibility with the  Branches who must do their utmost to promote sales of membership.  Up to April 30th, 1959, 333 memberships had been sold; 350  copies of the 22nd Report remain unsold.  We have one Life Membership, three Patrons and eight memberships paid in advance.  The financial  statement appended.  Secretary's Report—Mrs. Bennett thanked Mr. Fraser for acting  as secretary during her absence last winter. It was noted that attendance at all meetings was less and less, and suggested that more young  people be recruited to the Society to carry on as older members had to  retire from active duties.  Editor's Report—The 22nd Report, printed by The Vernon News  was published in November, 1958. It contained, in addition to the  usual articles, an Historical Gazetteer of the Okanagan and Similkameen Valleys, and consisted of 176 printed pages.  The Editor appealed to chairmen of Branch Editorial committees  to try and discover more contributors, noting that more than half of  the 22nd Report, exclusive of the Gazetteer, was the work of three  contributors, Mrs. Lacey, Mrs. Dewdney and the Editor. Mr. Marriage mentioned particularly the frontispiece of the 22nd Report, the  British Columbia coat of arms in color, obtained through the efforts  of Mr. Bagnall.  Moved by Mr. Manery, 2nd by Mr. Collett "That these reports  be adopted." Carried.  Branch Reports  Armstrong-Enderby—A letter was read from the Secretary of the  Armstrong-Enderby Branch, explaining that, as Mr. Blackburn, the  President of the Branch had been ill, the Branch had been inactive.  Twelve memberships had been sold and 13 Reports still on hand.  Moved by Mr. Watt, 2nd by Mrs. White "That a letter be written  to Mr. Blackburn, expressing regret at his absence from the meeting  and a hope that his health improve." Carried.  Vernon—Report given by Mr. Byron Johnson, Secretary. Four  members of the Executive attended the 1958 Annual Meeting at  Osoyoos. The Annual meeting of the Branch was held in April, 1959  (42) Minutes of Annual Meeting  and was addressed by Mr. J. Morse of Kamloops, his subject, "Museums as Gathering Agents for Local History"; 30 members present.  One other general meeting was held addressed by Mrs. DeBeck.  Eighteen Executive meetings were also held. The President and Mr.  Bagnall presented prizes to winners of the Essay contest; winning  essays were "The Coldstream Ranch" by Diane Osborne and "Early  Vernon Doctors" by Thomas McMurtry. Outstanding projects undertaken by the Branch during the year were, the co-operation with the  Vernon Art Association of a showing of Janet Middleton historical  paintings and assistance given Mrs. T. Gabriel in her preparation of  "The History of Vernon" and also the recording of speeches at the  Pioneer's Banquet. These speeches are now filed in the Vernon  Museum archives. Project for the ensuing year; collection of books  dealing with British Columbia history, with emphasis on that dealing  with the Okanagan.  Kelowna—Report read by Mr. Watt, President. The President  attended 12 Centennial events in widely separated parts of the  Province and also visited a number of museums and historical collections. Members of the Branch participated in the re-dedication of the  Father Pandosy Mission Buildings which have been restored and  marked through the efforts of the Knights of Columbus and the Oblate  Fathers. In closing Mr. Watt paid tribute to those who have done  much to establish the Kelowna Museum in fine new quarters.  Penticton—Report read by Mrs. Bennett, secretary. Two Executive meetings and the Annual meeting were held during the year. At  the Annual meeting held on May 7th, 1959, the Guest Speaker was  Mr. Frank Guimont who spoke of early East Kootenay, describing  many amusing incidents and colorful characters. Projects which might  be undertaken during the coming years, are restoration and marking  of the old Church on the Indian Reserve, built at the direction of  Father Pandosy about 1870; recording of history of Pioneer families  and possible purchase of the old log barn which once stood on the  Mountain House property of the Ellis family, which might be moved  to one of the City Parks.  Oliver-Osoyoos—Report read by Mrs. Lacey, secretary. No meeting has been held since the Annual last year owing to pressure of  Centennial work. In conjunction with the Cherry Carnival celebrations  on July 1st, 1958, the Oliver-Osoyoos Branch and the Fish and Game  Club arranged an exhibit of Pioneer articles, including old gun  collections, pictures, and wild life subjects. A small display arranged  (43) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  for the Apricot Fun Day in Oliver. Members of the Branch assisted  the Centennial Committee in gathering names of Pioneers; for their  work in this connection the Branch was presented with a scroll from  the British Columbia Government. The past President, Mr. McGib-  bon, presented the O.H.S. trophy to the South Okanagan Junior-Senior  High School for the Prize winning Essay written by Sandra Ball. This  year it is hoped to clean up the Fairview Cemetery and to place the  names of those buried there on a suitable board.  Moved by Mr. Marriage, 2nd by Mrs. Gellatly, "That these  reports be adopted." Carried.  Special Committees  The President stated, that, after the 1958 Annual Meeting, when  it was moved, 2nd and carried, that a Constitution and By-Laws be  drawn up for the Okanagan Historical Society, he had appointed a  committee, consisting of Mr. Bagnall, Dr. Ross and Mr. Watt to  undertake the work, and he wished to thank the committee for the  excellent result of their deliberations. Mr. Bagnall was asked to report  on the proposed Constitution and By-Laws, which were carefully  considered by members present. After several questions were asked  and answered it was moved by Mr. Bagnall, 2nd by Mr. Collett "That  the Constitution and By-Laws, as drawn up by the special committee,  be adopted." Carried.  Whether the Okanagan Historical Society should be incorporated  under the Society's Act?  Mr. Bagnall reported that he had consulted a Vernon lawyer,  Mr. Kidston, on this matter and gave a clear account of just what this  would involve and the cost. After some discussion it was moved by  Mr. Collet, 2nd by Dr. Quinn "That the Okanagan Historical  Society be Incorporated under the Society's Act." Carried.  Unfinished Business  The President stated that over the years wre have paid membership dues to the Canadian Historical Association and the British  Columbia Historical Society, would it be the wish of members to continue? After discussion of advantages, if any, of such membership it  was moved by Mrs. Knowles, 2nd by Mr. Collett "That meifibership  in the two Societies be allowed to lapse." Carried.  Mrs. White spoke on the retaining of old place names, citing  particularly the Boys' Town about to be established at 14 mile on the  Hope Princeton road. This ranch, had, in Pioneer days, been the first  stopping place  east of Hope, was run by  Ole Johnston  and called  (44) Minutes of Annual Meeting  "Lake House." Mrs. White also mentioned the Vaseux Lake property  recently acquired by the Government. In early days this property had  always been called "Swan Lake Ranch." Both Mrs. White and her  brother are anxious that the name be retained.  Election of Offleers  The President appointed Mr. Fraser and Mr. Collett scrutineers.  After ballots were counted the following were declared elected.  Honorary Patrons: His Honor The Lieut.-Governor;  The Honorable W. A. C. Bennett  Honorary President: Mr. O. L. Jones  President: Dr. Ross, Vernon.  Vice-Presidents:   Mr.   G.   M.   Watt,   Kelown;   Mrs.   E.   J.   Lacey,  Osoyoos; Mrs. R. B. White, Penticton.  Secretary: Mrs. Vera E. Bennett, Penticton.  Treasurer: Mr. G. P. Bagnall, Vernon.  Editor: Mr. F. T. Marriage, Kelowna.  Auditor: Mr. Jenner, Vernon.  Editorial Committee: Mrs. D. Tutt, Mr. H. W. Corbitt, Dr. J. C.  Goodfellow, Mr. S. Manery, Mrs. M. Johnson, Mrs. M.  Middleton, Dr. F. Quinn, Mrs. Pidoboronzy, Mr. H. S.  Woodd, Mr. F. L. Goodman. Plus Chairmen of Branch Editorial Committees.  Directors: Mr. A. E. Berry, North;  Mr. J. D. Whitham, Central;  Mr. E. J. Lacey, South.  Directors at Large: Mr. A. K. Loyd, Mr. H. W. Corbitt, Mr. Goldie.  The President thanked the scrutineers and asked if it be the wish  of the meeting that one of the Vice-Presidents take the chair in the  absence of the President elect. It was unanimously voted that Mr.  Whitham continue in the Chair, both for the remainder of the meeting  and for the dinner.  New Business  Printing of the 23rd Report. Moved by Mr. Powley, 2nd by Mr.  Cameron "That this be left to the Directors and Editorial Committee." Carried.  Next Annual Meeting—An invitation was extended by Mr.  Bagnall on behalf of the Vernon Branch to hold the meeting there.  Moved by Mr. Watt, 2nd by Mrs. Gellatly, "That the invitation of  the Vernon Branch be accepted."                                                  Carried.  Special Resolutions  "It is proposed that this Annual Meeting of the Society do confer  (45) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  Life Membership upon Captain J. B. Weeks and Rev. Dr. J. C.  Goodfellow in recognition of outstanding services rendered by them  respectively, over a long term of years." Moved by Mr. Bagnall, 2nd  by Mrs. Dewdney. Carried.  These two gentlemen to be advised by the Secretary.  Mrs. Bennett notified members that the Royal Commonwealth  Society of London, England, are anxious to receive copies of village  histories.  Mr. Watt made announcement regarding the dinner to follow the  meeting.  Moved by Mr. Bagnall, 2nd by Mr. Watt, "That letters of thanks  for co-operation be sent to newspapers, radio and television stations."  Carried.  Moved by Mr. Powley "Vote of thanks to the retiring President,  unanimously endorsed by members."  Moved by Mr. Watt, "A vote of thanks to Mr. Jenner, Auditor."  On motion of Mr. Goldie, the meeting adjourned at 5:10 P.M. -  Dinner  The blessing was asked by Mr. Frank Macdonald of Oliver.  After members had enjoyed a most delicious dinner Mr. Bagnall  in a few well chosen words introduced the Speaker of the evening,  mentioning that Mr. Lyons is a native son of the Valley and a graduate  of the University of B.C. Mr. Lyons gave a most interesting illustrated talk showing what is being done to preserve history and historic  sites, vividly describing the reconstruction of old buildings in Barkerville as an illustration of what could be accomplished. In the future  it is hoped to establish regional museums on suitable sites throughout  the Province, where old buildings could be moved, and furnished, to  give a clear picture of a way of life now vanished.  Mr. Marriage thanked the Speaker for a most instructive lecture.  The Past President thanked the Evening Branch of the Anglican  W.A., Kelowna, for a delicious dinner.  —Mrs. V. E. Bennett, Secretary.  (46) {governesses  Hester (Mrs. R. B.) White  In the very early days of the valley, there were no schools. To  educate their children, Judge Haynes and Tom Ellis brought in  governesses. It seems only right to pay tribute to the young women  who braved the dangers of mountain trails to enter upon a life so  different to that they had left.  The first to come was Miss Fry, who arrived at the Ellis home in  1879 and went out the next year with the cattle drive. She would ride  ahead of the cattle and then dismount and read, till they caught up  with her. She married a Mr. Mainguy and was the mother of Admiral  and Harold Mainguy.  The first governess to come to Osoyoos to teach the Haynes  children was Miss Deasy from Victoria. She stayed a year. Then came  Miss Phipps, an Irish girl. She joined the family in Victoria in 1883  and journeyed with them to Portland, through Sprague and Coulee  City, in a covered wagon, past Wild Goose Bill's place (now Wilbur),  crossed the Columbia in Indian canoes and finally arrived at Osoyoos.  She also stayed a year, later married Mr. Charles Leggett, Registrar-  General, and lived at Midway. In 1886 came Miss Sylvia Jenns,  daughter of Rev. Percival Jenns, rector of St. John's Anglican Church  in Victoria, sometimes called "The Iron Church". She had never  been on a horse, but she rode the 150 miles from Hope to Osoyoos.  She also stayed a year and afterwards married R. B. Punnett.  The last governess at Osoyoos was Miss Jennie Hunter, who was  brought out from England by Canon Cooper of St. James' Church,  Vancouver. She came to Penticton by boat in 1888 and rode from  there to Osoyoos.  Others who should be mentioned were Miss Newton, who taught  the Ellis family in 1888 and Miss Somner, who was with the Ellises  for a time and then went to the Richters in Keremeos. She married  Ed. Richter.  In 1900 Miss Play fair arrived in Penticton and taught two little  girls of the Atherton and Hood families at the Penticton Hotel. She  married Jim Schubert and went to live at Tulameen.  POLO was played by teams organized in a number of Okanagan  communities at the turn of the century (1901).  (47) IfCA'Ut.; _j_ . 5  jf-      6I/.   C/roves, JL___<_ O.  Francis William Groves, third son of Rev. Henry Charles Groves,  a clergyman of the Church of  Ireland, was born November 15,  1867 at . Mullavilley in the  county of Armagh. He entered  the Royal College of Science in  Dublin and studied civil- engineering. On graduation he was  employed as a draughtsman by  the Ban, Barrow and Shannon  Drainage Commission, where  he remained, according to his  diary, "until it terminated, due  to political unrest, without having accomplished anything except the preparation of very  elaborate detailed plans of the  proposed   drainage  works".  He then obtained employment in making surveys for several proposed railways in different parts of Ireland, "including Wexford  and Galway. When these were finished, the outlook for steady work  in the engineering profession appeared  very unpromising.  He decided  JmM ____>!tf_i! ikt*%   *_£'___&*_&"' i "'  : 'ft.' !*WV\  ..■' ■■   ■...  '"  (48) F.W. Groves  to emigrate to British Columbia, arid sailed from Londonderry by  the Allan Line op; March 31, 1893, :arriving at Halifax after an  uneventful voyage of a fortnight. Thence he travelled by Intercolonial Railway to Montreal and then westwards by C.P.R. colonist  car to Sicamous, B.C. '   j;'Ģ:*  After a brief visit to Vernon, he proceeded to Vancouver, where  he found a business depression and "no work for civil engineers. He  departed thence on July 27 for Kaslo, having obtained a job as  chainman with Messrs. Skinner and Bauer, a firm of land surveyors,  who had a contract to lay but an extension to the. town,.on Kootenay  Lake, in a newly discovered silver-lead mining district. He worked  there for but a short time, and then obtained employment as chainrnan  for a Mr. McMillan on the survey for the Kaslo and Slocan Railway,  which was to connect Kaslo with the mining town of Sandon. This  survey party was disbanded in the fall of that year, and Mr. Groves  left for Victoria,,  Here he obtained a position as leveller on the staff of Messrs.  Keefer and Smith, civil engineers, who had a contract for surveys  and plans of the Sumas Reclamation Scheme in the Fraser Valley.  This work lasted till Christmas, and then Mr. Groves was employed  in the firm's Victoria office till March, 1894, preparing plans and  estimates for the dyking scheme.  Through lack of capital, however, the actual work Was not begun  at that time, and after a short time he proceeded to Spokane, Wash.,  in the spring of 1896. Here he worked in an assay office till the fall,  when he became an assayer to the Noble Five mine at Cody in the  Slocan district of B.C. Then in the spring of '97 he became Provincial  Land Surveyor at Kaslo, having qualified in that capacity while living  in Victoria.  That autumn he went to the Jackson Mine in the Slocan and  engaged in surveying mineral claims till the spring of 1898, and  then, after a short period in Spokane, proceeded to Rossland. Here he  married Eva Isobel James, only daughter of John James of Bexhill,  England.  His next move was to Greenwood, where he operated a surveying  and engineering office, and thence to Princeton in February, 1903.  At the latter place extensive deposits of coal and copper had been  discovered, and Mr. Groves practised as a land surveyor.  In August, 1907, the family moved to Okanagan Centre. Here  the Maddock brothers were selling ten and twenty-acre lots for apple  orchards, and Mr. Groves had been engaged to lay out and install an  (49) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  irrigation system to serve some 2000 acres.  This engagement lasted till the fall of 1909, when he was  requested to perform a similar work by the South Kelowna Land Co.,  of Kelowna, involving 2000 acres of bench lands six miles south  of that city. This embraced the construction of a large storage reservoir, concrete-lined ditches, and pipe lines. Unfortunately, war  broke out in 1914 and all work on the project ceased. So in the  following year he opened an office in Kelowna as a consulting  engineer and land surveyor. The District Water Rights Branch  Engineer being absent on military duties, Mr. Groves became Acting  District Engineer until  1920.  The writer is indebted to Mr. Godfrey Groves of Kelowna for  the following summary of his father's activities, culled from his  diaries dealing with the years 1920 to 1930, 1933 and 1947. As the  1930 and 1933 entries show, F. W. Groves became interested in  breeding mink, and I well recall the cages containing the animals at  the back of the house on Park Avenue.  F. T. M.  FRANCIS WILLIAM GROVES SUMMARY OF DIARIES  1920-1930, 1933 AND 1947  1920  Latter part of year resigned position of Acting Dist. Engineer for  the Provincial Govt, of B.C. in favor of Mr. Norrington who had  returned from the war.  Balance of year spent in private practice—consulting engineer for  various Irrigation Districts and municipalities. Some of the districts  and work undertaken are as follows:  K.L.O.  Water District-'—Prepared  domestic   irrigation   report.  Westbank I.D.—Surveyed line for domestic water supply.  Black Mountain Irrigation Water Dist.—Acting in a consulting  capacity.  Peachland Municipal Irrigation Dist.—Engaged as consulting  engineer.  Grand Forks Irr. Dist.—Inspected site for flume and distribution  system—prepared estimates on pumping scheme.  1921  Glenmore Irr. Dist.—Made up budgetary expenditures for 1921  for District.  Engaged as consulting engineer for Vernon Irrigation Dist. and  White Valley Irr. Dist. In this capacity established sites for reservoir  (50) F. W. Groves  dam at Haddow Lake. This trip undertaken in the month of February  required the use of snow shoes to break trail for sleigh; also engineered syphon  from BX Creek for distribution system.  Grand Forks Irr. Dist.—Engineered concrete pipe distribution  and pumping system.  S.E.K. Irr. Dist.-—Surveyed sites for dams No. 3 and No. 5 at  McCulloch—contract awarded.  Municipality of Penticton—Prepared report re their pumping  station.  Also much time in travelling and trekking through mountains  inspecting construction work and keeping various jobs going.  1922  Vernon Irrigation Dist.—Preparing estimates; writing up contracts, etc. re distribution system.  Grand Forks Irr. Dist.—Working on distribution outlets and  irrigation system.  Westbank Irr. Dist.—Inspecting existing facilities.  S.E.K.L.—Made out budgetary estimates for 1922—reported on  domestic water supply. Inspected existing facilities and supervised  repairs to same, particularly Dams No. 3 and No. 5; June Springs  Dam Reservoir.  Penticton Municipality—Prepared report on domestic water supply.  Okanagan Valley Irr. Dist.—Inspected for site of Beaver Lake  Dam Reservoir and established same.  Summerland Municipality—Investigated domestic water system;  ran traverse for ditch line.  1923  Glenmore Irr. Dist-—Prepared estimate, specifications and construction contract for reservoir dam.  Miscellaneous engineering in consulting capacity for K.L.O. and  S.E.K.L.—reported on McCulloch Reservoir.  Collected engineering data re the release of Okanagan Lake—  attended committee meeting in that connection.  Continually going from job to job inspecting, supervising and  pushing work.  1924  K.L.O.   and   S.E.K.L.   I.D.—Routine   consulting   engineering.  Engineered Mill Creek Dam and spillway.  Westbank Irr. Dist.—Designed and laid out dam for South Horse  (51)  remnon wish school im*^ The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  Shoe Lake Reservoir.  Miscellaneous—Considerable private surveying.  1925  K.L.O.—Surveyed  new  road  location.  Scottie Creek Irr. Dist.—Laid out diversion ditch from Trapper  Lake to Scottie Creek—also high level flume for Sunset Ranch.  S.K.L. and K.L.O.—Inspecting works and miscellaneous office  work.  Miscellaneous—Applied for position as consulting engineer of  Penticton Municipality and was hired as such. Reported on their  domestic water system.  Surveyed Golf Course for City of Kelowna.  Survey work for local residents (at Halcyon Hot Springs, May  16-June 2).  1926  S.E.K.L. Irr. Dist.—Raised reservoir dam at McCulloch; laid  out Sterling Creek Diversion Ditch.  Summerland Municipality—Osprey Lake soundings—established  site for Branda Lake Dam and Canyon Lake dam site.  Miscellaneous—Cemetery survey—2nd addition.  Constantly checking and measuring flow and quantity in streams  and^umes for farmers and Irrigation Districts requiring constant  travelling through the mountains.  Laid up with flu Xmas Day and balance of year.  1927  In and out of bed throughout January and February as result  of the flu.  Westbank Irr. Dist.—Laid out flume from Smith Creek.  S.E.K.L. Irr. Dist.—Report on Canyon Creek diversion ditch.  K.L.O.—Miscellaneous reports and engineering.  Black Mountain Irr. Dist.—Mostly consulting and estimating work.  Miscellaneous—Sponsored foundation and set machinery to work  for creation of Okanagan Center Irr. Dist.  Considerable private work including several subdivisions.  Mr. Glennand McDougal brought in female mink and martin  from White Mountain.  Took first golf lesson.  Made up estimates re irrigating Dixon Flats at Cedar Creek.  (52) F. W. Groves  Survey work for Palace Hotel Syndicate.  Took hunting trip up Bear Creek—shot small buck.  1928  Inspected and reported on Yakima, Wash, drainage conditions.  Looked over facilities with Mr. Jessop, Federal Drainage Engineer  and Mr. Fairbrook, District Engineer.  Black Mountain Irr. Dist.—Located new route for syphon from  8 mile creek.  Vernon Irr. Dist.—Established line for flume and irrigation  system for Greata Ranch.  Glenmore Irr. Dist.—Considerable work including seepage report.  S.E.K.L. Irr. Dist. and K.L.O.—Constantly preparing reports  and inspecting projects.  Westbank Irr. Dist.—Traversed and took soundings of Paynter  Lake—rode saddle horse into lake.  Miscellaneous—Surveyed Benson Ranch subdivision; surveyed  site for public wharf at Peachland.  Took soundings of lake for Mr. Doncaster.  Surveyed Peachland Cemetery.  Also extremely busy with private survey work.  1929  S.E.K.L.—Ran new route for Canyon Creek syphon.  Glenmore Municipality—New road location from Glenmore to  Ellison and Rutland.  Black Mountain Irr. Dist.—Ran line for diversion ditch over  North Fork of Hilda Creek.  Vernon Irr. Dist.—Ran grades for Deep Creek flume at Greata  Ranch.  Miscellaneous—Located route and surveyed McCulloch to Carmi  Road for Dept. of Public Works. Commenced Sept. 5 and completed  field work Nov. 17 by tying into old road from Hall Creek to Carmi.  Camp sites at Kallis Creek, Clark's Flat, Findlay's Lake and Hall  Creek.  Got go ahead to run line for road from Joe Rich to McCulloch  and Carmi — abandoned line after running several 8% grades —  terrain too rough, cliffs impassable—stopped at Leach Creek.  Subdivided Dalgleish, Bulman and Countess Budna properties.  Surveyed buildings  for  Dominion  Canners,   measured  up Rowcliffe  (53) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  Bldg. for Greek Restaurant. Located corners for Royal Anne Hotel.  Very active with marten and mink.  1930  Black Mountain Irr. Dist.—Established and constructed dam at  Greyslope Lake in Joe Rich vicinity.  Peachland Municipality — Established and constructed Paynter  Lake reservoir dams (3)—saddle horse and pack train to site—lost  horse on trail to camp, remaining horse dislodged pack—forest fire  prevented him from leaving camp several days later.  Routine engineering in consulting capacity for Glenmore Irr.  Dist., Westbank Irr. Dist., Black Mountain Irr. Dist., Winfield Irr.  Dist.—inspecting and checking intake and reservoir levels.  Miscellaneous—Writing up topography and preparing plans on  Carmi Road; surveyed following subdivisions: Leckie, Thompson and  McMillan; surveyed Cedar Creek Road.  "Antoinette" and "Cecil" mated today; bought wild female mink  from Gilland for $35.00.  June 10 to June 20 at Halcyon Hot Springs.  1933  Mostly office work cleaning up tag ends preparatory to his trip to  Ireland. Left May 14, returned approximately September 7.  Latter part of year drove to Beaverdell and camped at Cranberry  Creek looking for black obsidian rock. Met Perry who with E. Jackson  remembered finding some in 1899 while prospecting up West Fork  of Kettle River.  St. Paul No. 1 and 2 mink had young May 6; Capilano mink had  young May 9.  1947  Carsorso Subdivision.  Routine engineering in consulting and advisory capacity.  Apparently no field work to speak of.  Left Kelowna Dec. 29 for Mineral Springs Hospital.  The first C.N.R. train between Kamloops and Vernon ran through  in November 1925, propelled by a gasoline engine and known-as the  "Galloping Goose."  (54) <-_Z^r    J~intr\s    j^ioneer  BY HIS DAUCHTER  Mrs.   ALAN  IvERSON.  KeI.OWNA  The renewed interest in Fintry brings to mind the passing of one  of its former residents, Mr. R. D. Noble, who lived during the nineties  in and around Vernon.  Born in Newhaven, Scotland, in 1869 he came to Canada with  his family who settled in Victoria but scattered to other parts of the  province, his brother and sister spending more than forty years at Port  Essington at the mouth of the Skeena River; while one brother  returned to Scotland to become a doctor in Glasgow.  However Rutherford Durham, or R.D., as he always signed  himself, came to Vernon in the early nineties where he worked for the  soda water factory, going to Revelstoke when they established a plant  there.  Little did I think when I heard my dad relate his experiences in  the Okanagan that one day I would be living within easy reach of his  former home. I had met Mr. Harwood at the School Trustees'  Convention in Victoria, where I was born, and later taught for  seventeen years. Before I brought him on a trip through the valley  and settled in Princeton a year later, such names as Harwood, Gellatly,  Short's Creek and Ashnola, of which he spoke, meant little to me.  Now that it is too late I wish that I had paid more attention to the  stories he told of his life in these parts.  While staying near Short's Creek, which goes through the Fintry  estate, he used to row across the lake to Vernon, where he claimed on  one occasion to have taken the first ripe strawberries of the season  grown in the district. Another time he related an encounter with a  bear, when unarmed he met Bruin at close quarters. Wondering what  to do he decided to imitate the barking of a dog, which had the desired  effect of. routing the animal.  While in Vernon he was a member of the Salvation Army and  on his return to Victoria after the turn of the century he became a  charter member of the Victoria Citadel  Band.  He stayed in Victoria, where he took an active interest in municipal  and provincial affairs until deafness caused him to retire from public  life. Later, however, he became a charter member of the Victoria  Hard-of-Hearing Club. For his untiring efforts in raising funds for  their group-hearing aid he was awarded an honorary life membership.  (55) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  His latter years were spent in Princeton, where he lived with his  daughter, Mrs. Alan Iverson, now a resident of Kelowna. During this  time his total deafness was a great handicap especially when he was  invited to attend the sixtieth anniversary of the Victoria Salvation Army  Band, there being only two of the old guard remaining for this  event. This proved to be his final public endeavour. Failing health  resulted in his spending his last two years in a nursing home in  Keremeos.  In the summer of 1956, still alert and able to read without his  glasses he was very enthusiastic about the building of the Okanagan  Lake Bridge, expressing the wish to see its completion and wondering  whether it was near the place where he had rowed across, on one trip,  freezing his hands, causing him pain whenever the weather was cold.  This wish, was not granted, for he suffered a heart attack and was  taken to Penticton Hospital, where he died August 14, of that year,  four days after his 87th birthday.  It had always been my intention to bury him in Victoria where he  had lived so long but as I had just moved to Oliver the service was held  in the United Church with Rev. S. Pike officiating and he was laid to  rest in the Iverson family plot there. So,his mortal remains are in his.  once beloved Okanagran.  "A Tree grows in Vernon" is the title of a brochure subtitled  "The History of All Saints' Parish, Vernon, B.C." Written by-  Right Rev. A. H. Sovereign, retired Bishop of Athabasca and since  1950 a resident of that city, this 39-page booklet appeared during the  diamond jubilee year of the parish, 1953. The Bishop is in great  demand as a public speaker, and addressed the annual meeting of  Kelowna branch, O.H.S., last May, dealing largely with the life of  Father Pat. Dr. Sovereign married a daughter of Price Ellison.  The foreward was written by the late Rt. Rev. F. P. Clark, then  Bishop of Kootenay, the diocese in which Vernon is situated. There  follow chapters on "The Soil, 1800-1880", "The Sowing of the Seed,  1881-1892", "The Sapling, 1893-6", "The Tree is Transplanted,  1907-1930", "The Tree burns but is not consumed", and "The Tree  Today".  The work concludes with a short history of the parish of Lumby  and Rolls of Honour, 1914-1918 and 1939-1945.  (56) tZ/^rndrew <J~Lerbert    jj-lintott  C. R. Walrod  Near the end of that nebulous era, known throughout the western  world as "The Gay Nineties," a young lad from Perth, Ontario,  took a job on a farm at Neepawa, Manitoba, where he worked for  eight months at the princely wage paid in those days to the uninitiated,  namely, $20.00 per month. This lad's name was Andrew Herbert  Flintoft and he was of English descent and a roving nature.  Visiting at the home of his cousins, the Caswells, who lived at  Strathclare, he met a kindred spirit in the person of Jack Scott.and  the two young lads became friends and buddies.  In those far-off days honest workers harbored no unjustified illusions of their own personal importance to the welfare and progress  of the community and "Strike" was a naughty word conjured up only  in the minds of the anarchists. So, although a cordial invitation from  Flintoft's Aunt Maria Gulliford, who lived in the wild west, was  received, the young lads continued their farm labors until harvesting  _and threshing were completed and the Manitoba farm was ready to  go into its annual winter hibernation.  Aunt Maria lived at Otter Creek, away out in the Nicola Valley  of British Columbia, and a trip to that rugged country in those early  days required stamina and a deeply rooted pioneering spirit. The  known hazards of such a trip were insignificant when compared to  those which were unknown, and silent, whitening bones along the  wild trails testified to their reality and severity.  Still, the spirit of youth and adventure drove these young pioneers  forward and thev awakened one morning at Spence's Bridge to find  themselves in the shadows of the mighty mountains.  In the lobby of the hotel where our travellers spent the night they  met a road construction foreman by the name of Dick Trouden who  was unable to show any great degree of enthusiasm regarding the  prospects for employment. Employment agencies and unemployment  insurance were luxuries which had not yet stirred the imaginations  of the authorities but these two lads had definitely, "cut their mothers'  apron strings" and were quite prepared to assert their God-given  independence.  Naturally, thev were inexperienced in the western ways, "green",  in the classic language of the west, but they were thoroughly convinced  of the wisdom embodied in the Boy Scout slogan: "Be Prepared,"  and they had arrived  at  Spence's  Bridge  with  enough  trunks,  cases  (57) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  and trappings to equip a small army.  The problem of transportation of so much luggage dawned on  them when they discovered that it could be moved up the trail toward  Aunt Maria's only by a cumbersome freight wagon under the expert  guidance and direction of an experienced Indian and his charming  but dusky wife. The freight wagon with its towering load, plus the  necessary driver, was a load for the four scrawny horses, so the lads  decided to walk behind. There could have been some semblance of a  canny intuition that perhaps the luggage would be more likely to arrive  at its pre-determined destination if kept under fairly constant  surveillance.  The freight wagon had no springs and even the most hardy passenger would prefer to walk over some of the rough roads.  The trail wound round the mountains and in many places appeared to hang in the air with frightening chasms on one side or  the other. Thoroughly enjoying the dismay on the faces of the inexperienced youths, the Indians would—as though by accident—come  perilously near to crowding one or the other of them over the cliff  into the yawning abyss below. All this was merely a patriotic effort  to "civilize" the young eastern greenhorns.  A combination of distance, heavy load and bad roads made it  impossible for the weary travellers to reach Nicola on the first night  out. With true western hospitality, the travellers were invited to  spend the night at an Indian camp. This was "The Rancheree," a  small Indian village where the stage coach (a 3-seated carryall,  hauling up to nine passengers) stopped for the night as did also the  freight wagons.  The main house, built of logs, was about 20' x 24' with a large  box stove in the center, round which were ranged hand made wooden  benches, the only furniture in the building. The Indians congregated  on the benches to chatter in their native tongue, and our travellers  were crowded into an exceedingly small space though permitted to  occupy seats on the bench.  Dried, smoked salmon, tough as sole leather, was eaten by the  hosts and offered to the travellers who were unable to make a dent  in it with their teeth and were compelled to fall back on the remnants of cheese and crackers upon which they had lunched while on  the train that had brought them to this strange but intriguing land.  However, their meager fare was supplemented by a satisfying addition of freshly boiled potatoes.  After supper, all ceremoniously   joined  in smoking the "pipe  of  (58) Andrew Herbert Flintoft  peace," after which conversation was continued until time to retire  for the night.  There were coal oil lamps on the walls but no partitions. They  paired off for the night with their feet to the fire and their heads  to the walls, happy and content in the knowledge that the log floor  beneath them had been hand hewn out of soft wood and they were  permitted to imagine them piled deep with fragrant pine needles and  eider down. Sleep comes without effort to the weary if they are  young and have nothing on the conscience.  Morning dawned and, after a frugal breakfast of cheese and  ■crackers, our travellers again struck out, this time ahead of the  freight wagon. Later in the day they came to P.T.—(? ) Creek  where a crew was engaged in building a bridge across the stream.  The foreman of the bridge gang was Dick Trouden whom the  travellers had met at Spence's Bridge, and who now offered them  jobs on the bridge gang. When the freight wagon came along with  their worldly possessions, the travellers accepted the jobs at which  they were employed for two weeks and until the bridge was completed.  With pockets now bulging with gold as a result of this unexpected employment, our travellers boarded the overland stage to the  McCullough Bros. Ranch which was four miles from their destination and Aunt Maria, who was taken by surprise. Next morning they  hitched a pair of broncs to a home-made sleigh and drove back to  the McCullough Ranch to collect their trunks and miscellaneous  possessions.  At long last, the travellers decided to go completely "western".  They discarded their trunks and packed their possessions in gunny  sacks which were deposited in the mid-sections of extra pairs of overalls. The legs of the overalls were tied together and acted as "tump"  lines by which the loads were transported. You probably have no  idea what a restful pillow such a contraption makes but that was  merely one of its many uses.  Jack Scott received word from McCullough that Harry Cleasby  could use a man to help feed cattle. So Flintoft hitched up the  Gulliford horses and took him over the rough thirty miles of trail.  It was a day's journey each way but the returning wagon brought  home enough supplies to last six months. Scott, in his new occupation  at a dollar per day plus room and board, was soon in a financial  position to afford all the amenities and even a few of the luxuries  •of a mountain plutocrat.    His boss never asked him to go to  work  (59) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  before four o'clock in the morning and he was completely finished  with his work at six p.m., after which time hung heavily on his.  hands as there was simply nothing to do.  The first survey of the Kettle Valley Railway was passing  through the Gulliford Ranch. One of the men on the survey crew  enlisted for service in the South African War and Flintoft worked  as his substitute in the survey party. Thev worked until August of  that year and had reached Fairview, near Keremeos, when the party  was called in. Consisting of sixteen men, the party left Fairview  in early morning and walked to Penticton. Some of those in this  party were as follows: F. M. Young, Chief engineer; Callahan,  Transit man; Bill Featherstonehaugh, Level man; F. M. Young's  nephew, also named Young, engineer's helper; Johns and Dibble,  draftsmen; George Steveson, axeman; an Irishman, Pat; Gus  Carlson and Bill Larson, Chainmen; Bill Bergeson ran the pack  train and Flintoft carried the rear flag and lunch for fourteen men-  plus the tea kettle.   His official title was "Back Flag Man."  The party walked the twenty miles to Penticton that day and  went swimming in the lake in the evening. At that time Penticton  consisted of a hotel, blacksmith shop, a store and a few houses. Fruit  raising was in its infancy.  They camped out that ni_,ht and took the boat to Okanagan  Landing on the following morning. From there they went to Vernon where they took the train to Sicamous to fight mosquitoes until  the main line train came through to pick them up at midnight. That  train took them to Revelstoke where they transferred to Arrowhead  and took a boat to Robson Landing and were again transferred on  down to Trail where they were paid their wages.  Flintoft now struck out on his own and took a job in the White  Bear Mine at Rossland, where he was paid $2.50 per day but had  to board himself. But he didn't like mining, so he returned to Robson  and worked in a sawmill. The weather turned cold, the lake froze  over and the mill closed down. Our young traveller returned to the  Gulliford Ranch and fed cattle for the balance of the winter.  With the onset of spring he journeyed to Kamloops, then, just  at the beginning of the century, a tiny place indeed. Times were  hard and work of any kind extremely scarce, so after a few weeks  our hero decided.to return to Ontario. Apparently, however, the  West beckoned again, for he homesteaded in Saskatchewan from  1906 to 1919, and then returned to the Nicola country. He worked  on  the  construction   of   the   White   Pine   Lumber   Company's   mill,  (60) Andrew Herbert Flintoft  which later burned down.  In 1925 he settled on his place—the McKinley Ranch—nine  miles from Kelowna and adjacent to the Glenmore reservoir, which  he still owns.  Now 81, he resides with his son, George, in Kelowna.  (Note.—The Gulliford Ranch was at Otter Creek, near Aspen  Grove, 70 miles south-east of Spence's Bridge.)  GLsdaar oDewdt  '8  ewane  y  This photograph of Edgar Dewdney was intended for use last year  in connection with the article on "The Dewdney Trail", but was unfortunately mislaid (by the Editor) at that time.  (61) *  o  oo  o  o  X  o  c/_  I   1  >  w  X  (62) J he    jf-irst    j-airview Oc/ioo/,   1897  (Recollections, February, 1958, of Mrs. Herbert Harford of  West Vancouver; nee Rose Evelyn Glover, the first teacher at Fair-  view.)  On July 15th, 1897, a young man named Tom Goodwin came  to our camp at Okanagan Landing with the news that he had seen  Rose E. Glover's name in the list of successful candidates in the  recent teachers' examinations. Our home was in Vernon, so he  offered to take me (on the top of a load of lumber) to make sure  the news was authentic. I was more than delighted, for I did so  want to teach.  We had no High School in Vernon at that time, but Mr. Robert  Sparling, B.A., used to teach us as he found time from his other  duties. I was obliged to write my examinations at Kamloops, where  I stayed with a former teacher, Mrs. Elliott, who helped me and  who also went over every paper (as I had written it) to see how I  had made out. We had lived in Vernon for four years, so we knew  almost all the residents at that time. Mr. A. Shatford, who owned  the principal dry-goods store, was brother to Lytton W. Shatford,  merchant of Camp Fairview and also Chairman of the School Board.  I forwarded my application for the first school in Fairview and  was appointed and left for my charge on September 1st, 1897. My  mother was very anxious about me, thinking of my going to a mining  camp at just seventeen, but gave her consent as Mr. Shatford had  assured a nice boarding place at Mr. and Mrs. McMullin's, who were  most kind to me. My parents took me to Okanagan Landing to go  by the steamer  "Aberdeen"  to  Penticton.    We  left  Penticton  early  ** Miss Rose Evelyn Glover, a young lady of seventeen, seen here  with her class of thirteen boys and girls of all ages from five to sixteen,  was the first school teacher at the gold mining camp of Fairview, Southern Okanagan Valley. She had just left high school, and was without  teacher training. She is immortalised in poetry as "The Rose of Osoyoos."  Her pupils were the sons and daughters of the storekeepers and miners.  It stood at the top of a gulch. The only place available, Sept. 1897, was  a prospector's abandoned cabin with roof of poles and slabs, walls of  broken rock and a floor of earth. The bigger boys built the fire and kept  their school neat. The scholars used slates and slate pencils. They  remained there throughout the winter until February 1898, when they  were permitted to use the Anglican church, and left their half cave,  half cabin dug-out of the mountain side.  One of the boys was killed in action, first Great War; the others did  well. The "Rose of Osoyoos," courageous, resourceful young teacher, is  now, 1958, Mrs. Herbert Harford, 521 Hadden Drive, West Vancouver,  and, Feb. 1958, at our request, graciously presented this historic photograph to the City Archives.  (63) -2 >  *-%  __    <u  2 g  >'_■  n_J  _S _u  £ -e  (64)  C/5  (;.'  n   Valley;  8, by  Mr  ->•,**  rt  in  b/j <_?s  rt      -—,  V  G  es  ___  -O  0 s  *   *  i>.  e  . \  0  —   <_>  G     en  Bh;'  00  J-i     <u  -G     D_  *.. - **  ;-'3  r  3    0  O  «   0 00  •■>.  pq  -C     1  "■,? *•  o_  £__, t^  si.   ..HH',  l:<i  _C           o\  *J   _.- 00  C   _Q   —'  i  * "■            J-H  '____£    4.  >  *      «     <"  p.  Q-   <u    J-.  Ie°  - ;  ing cam  , was n  ided the  e    *J    <"  U      (j      5]  C   4h  ^fJ^E           '-*-  0  T_S     >. JG  ____»r             .  «<___  4-i      S-t  rt           a.  ■P'  S'-     ^9  A    '           *  _T  2   0  ■■'. .. %L  .  3.   «   c  f/; p.  1  airvi  per,  t Va  3   &;i  fe .Sr 8  '___»"*  c -o ■"-  ___r '      i  *i_Bi "            *•!  w  5  ol  tS%'  Towns  , shaft  en Dri  1Kf*! 4f  ^        1)   T3  C  T3  u  "3    rt  .j'lK: : < J  H      _  'O   C\  bfi vr Highlights of a Honeymoon  the following morning. There were eight people on the stage driven  by Robert Hall, and of course we had four horses to take us safely  along the winding road around the hills. We arrived at Camp Fair-  view about noon. What a beautiful vista met our eyes! A lovely  valley expansive with green, undulating hills.  Mrs. McMullin had offered to take me to board until Mr. and  Mrs. Somerville's new home was finished, so in two months I was  settled in a comfortable home with those two lovely people. I had  quite a crying spell on the trip down beautiful Okanagan Lake. A  very nice English gentleman, a Mr. Cuppage, gave me a very large  handkerchief (about a yard square) to wipe my eyes.  The stage always stopped in front of Elliot's general store and  all the residents and miners were out to meet it, for it brought mail  and news of the outside world.  Our first journey to our school was up a gulch, knee-deep in dust.  We passed "The Golden Gate" hotel, owned by Thomas Elliot and  James Adamson, whose two sons were among my pupils. There the  miners raised their hats and kept them off till the pupils and I had  passed. So amazing and romantic! I think I could write a book  about it all.  We came to our humble little school at the peak of the gulch.  It was almost a dug-out, and had been a miner's cabin, belonging to  Billy Dalrymple and situated between the "Blue House", which had  been the residence of James Atwood and Harry Reynolds (officials  of the Stratheyre Mining Co.), and the W. T. Thompson store. It  had only one small window, so we were obliged to leave the door  open to allow the light to come in!  I can remember most of my pupils' names—Krause, Adamson,  Gartrell, McDougall, Dalrymple—were some of them. I also had  a little James Schubert, son of James Schubert of Vernon. We had  just thirteen pupils. All were clean, obedient and even at sixteen  Jimmy Kearne was most respectful and helpful.  Frank French joined me in starting a Sunday school in the spring.  We had an Eastern minister, Rev. Hall, and following him, Rev.  Moody.   This all helped us to keep close to the Best in Life.  A dramatic group was formed by R. H. Parkinson and we had  some wonderful evenings for a time. Following that, Mr. and Mrs.  Somerville held a reception every Thursday evening. There were a  number of young men living next to us (with a Japanese cook) who  were invited and who" came to Mrs. Somerville's home in turns.  Names I remember were Dr.  R.  B.  White,  Mr.  R.   H.  Parkinson,  (65)  First Fairview School  Mr. Youill, Mr. J. Digby and Mr. W. Reilly. We had cards and  music. Mr. Somerville had a wonderful tenor voice and a Miss  Jamison (who was Mrs. Somerville's companion) was a splendid  pianist, so we had grand drawing-room concerts.  We were pleased beyond measure by a visitor to our school, Mr.  Howard Bullock-Webster, constable, wrho offered a prize to the pupils  for the best bouquet of wild flowers.  A little Indian girl won it.  In 1898 the Trustees rented the new Anglican Church for our  school. At the same time the large hotel "The Big Teepee", owned  by Dyer, Davidson and Russel, was built. It was officially opened  on Jul}' 1st, 1899. It was situated half a mile east of the "Golden  Gate" hotel at the mouth of the Gulch, overlooking the valley to  the south. Sandy McCauley was the first manager. Our household,  Mr. and Mrs. Somerville, Miss Jamison and myself were invited to  an elaborate banquet in the beautiful dining-room. After a wonderful  repast a concert took place, which included a reading by Mr. R. H.  Parkinson—"The Ride of Paul Revere", solos by Mr. Somerville,  piano selections by Miss Jamison (who was the daughter of an early  Presbyterian minister), and I recited "In the Children's Hospital"  by Tennyson. So many assisted in other ways. It was so grand for  all the elite were there. The hotel met a sad end for it was burned  to the ground in 1902 with the tragic loss of several lives.  "The Morning Star" was the name of the first production mine.  I had the great thrill of going down in the bucket and seeing the  men working with just pick in hand, but the gold bricks were coming  cut later after the ore had gone through the Stratheyre mill.  The year I came to Fairview, eastern capital was coming in, and  the Fairview Gold Mining Co. leased or purchased claims and commenced work on the "Stemwinder".  In the spring of 1899 the new school was built. It was a nice  square building with blackboards and everything complete. Dr. R.  B. White was secretary of the School Board now, and felt proud  that he could add the school to the other new buildings on the town-  site—Mr. Love's drug store, Mr. Harry Jones' butcher shop and  Mr. Shatford's general store.  Mr. Cuppage came to invite us to drive with him to Osoyoos  to see Mr. and Mrs. Lambly (a daughter of Judge Haynes) and  their little son. We had a most enjoyable visit—one of the really  happy events in our pioneer life. Later Mrs. Lambly married our  dear Dr. White and now lives in Penticton.  —Submitted by Mrs. R. B. White.  (67) president's     nCeport,   1959  Kelowna, B.C., May 13- 1959.  To the Members of the Okanagan Historical Society,  Ladies and Gentlemen:  Once again I deem it a great pleasure, as President of your Society,  to present my report for the past year. Reports will be given by the  Secretary, Treasurer, Editor and bv the Presidents of their respective  Branches, so mv report will only be an overall picture of the activities  of the Society.  The past year has been a very successful one and I would like to  thank the members of the branches for the fine support they gave the  Centennial Committees throughout the valley in making the 100th  Anniversary of the founding of the Colony of British Columbia the  success it was. At this time I would like to thank a former Editor of  our Society's Reports, Dr. Margaret A. Ormsby, for her book, "A  History of British Columbia." This book has filled a long wanted  need in our province and I feel it will be of great interest to all  interested in history.  In my opinion one of the most important committees of the  branches of the Parent body are the Editorial committees and I thank  them for their past work with the hope that they will renew their  efforts in supplying articles to the Editor and thus assure the continuity of our Annual Reports. For the first time in the history of our  reports our 22nd Report contains a Historical Gazetteer of the Okanagan and Similkameen. At this time I would like to compliment our  Editor, Mr. F. T. Marriage on the excellent work he accomplished in  the editing of our 22nd Report, which has been extremely well  received by all our members.  In regard to the finances of our society, after hearing the Financial  Report, which will be given by our Treasurer, Mr. Guy P. Bagnall,  we are still in the black but our balance is down from last year and j  at this time I would like to draw to the attention of the incoming  executive the necessity of giving serious consideration to our financial  structure. This last year our Reports cost us $2.09 per copy and this  does not include the postage on individual memberships and cost of  delivering reports to the branches. From the above you can readily  see that with a $2.50 membership there is very little left for operating  expenses. Our last Report contained 190 pages, which in my opinion  is an ideal size for our report and I would not be in favour of reducing  the number of pages. On the other hand, if we increase our membership fee, will this reduce the number of members in our Society?   I  (68) President's Report  have given this item considerable thought and am sorry to- say that I  cannot give you a solution to' the problem, but as stated above, I think  it should be given serious consideration by the executive.  The Essay Contest open to students of the schools in the Okanagan  and Similkameen Valleys was well received and the winning essay by  Miss Sandra Ball of the South Okanagan High School at Oliver and  the runner-up by Miss Diana Osborn of the Vernon High School were  published in our 22nd report. The Society's presentation of a Shield  for annual competition was won this year by Miss Ball and presented  to the South Okanagan High School by Mr. Becker and Mrs. Ed Lacey  of the Oliver-Osoyoos Branch.  At our last Annual Meeting on motion of Dr. D. A. Ross and  seconded by Mr. Cameron, the executive was instructed to develop a  constitution and by-laws for our Society and present it to this meeting.  I appointed a committee composed of Mr. Guy P. Bagnall, chairman  with Dr. D. A. Ross of Vernon and Mr. Geo. P. Watt of Kelowna  to draft a Constitution and By-laws for presentation at this meeting.  This will be presented under business arrising out of the minutes.  For our Annual Dinner Meeting this year we are again fortunate  in having a very fine and interesting speaker in the person of Mr. C.  P. Lyons of the Department of Conservation and Recreation, Parks  Division, Province of British Columbia. His subject will be, "A New  Deal for History" in which he will point out what has been done, and  what might be done with our Historical Heritage.  All arrangements for this Annual Meeting and dinner tonight  have been made by the Kelowna Branch and on behalf of our Society,  I would like to thank them for the work they have done on our behalf.  It has been a great honour to- me to have been your President for  the last four years and as I will not be standing for re-election, I would  like to take this opportunity to thank the Executive and members of  the Society for their wholehearted support given me during my term  of office. This support was responsible for the success of the Society  over these years.  All of which is respectfully submitted.  ■—/. D. Whitham, President, Okanagan Historical Society.  (69) ^yfudae Jfjrown of  \^Jhanacjan  F. T. Marriage (Data supplied by Mrs. K. Lacey)  Judge William Compton Brown, retired, and "Grand Gentleman  of Okanogan county, also a member of the Okanagan Historical  Society, celebrated his 90th birthday on Sunday, February 15, 1959,  at his home in Okanogan, Washington. In addition to possessing a vast  knowledge of Indian lore, he is an authority on the history of Fort  Okanogan, the historic settlement near the junction of the Columbia  and Okanogan Rivers. He has a large collection of historical manuscripts, pictures, documents and books dealing with his neighbourhood.  These he is busy classifying and arranging, for they are destined ultimately for the library of Washington State College.  He is also en«;a_red in making a revised edition of his book, "The  Indian Side of the Story", which arose out of his studies of Indian  history commenced in Republic, Washington, in 1889. The Judge  was then a recent graduate of the University of Minnesota in law,  and also an unsuccessful Klondike gold seeker. One day he was talking  to a half-breed about Indian wars in the state of Washington, giving  the white man's version of one of them. The half-breed contradicted  him flatly; he had been an interpreter at the time when Chief Moses  negotiated the agreement with the whites that bears his name. George  Heron (that was the half-breed's name) maintained that the Indians  had been duped on that and on other occasions. The Judge was impressed by Heron's obvious sincerity and began probing deeper into  the matter. He questioned others, eliciting further evidence of a similar  character. An Indian woman in Republic told how the whites had  slaughtered 1000 Indian horses near Spokane—to punish their owners!  Unfortunately, however, the horses did not actually belong to those  Indians against whom the whites were opposed, but to others who were  innocent of offence. This story was corroborated by another Indian  woman in Nespelem who had been living at the scene of the incident  at the time. The Judge, after interviewing numerous Indians on many  occasions regarding white versus Indian clashes, became convinced that  the white men generally took advantage of their dusky neighbours.  "Instead of policing and protecting the Indians, the army went in to  drive them out! That's how it was in all our Indian wars," he says.  Although qualified as a lawyer, it was originally as a mining man  that the Judge came to Republic. When in the fall of 1900 he found  himself "going broke" he turned to the profession of law, specializing  in mining cases. Then for a year he substituted for a Superior Court  (70) Judge Brown of Okanagan  Judge, travelling by coach and on horseback through Okanogan and  Ferry counties, and also to Wenatchee.  In 1906 he opened an office in Okanogan City, and in 1930 was  elected to the Okanogan-Ferry County Supreme Court bench, on which  he served until his retirement in 1946. He was mayor of Okanogan  City for four years,  1912-16.  Among his unfinished manuscripts are documents upon Chief  Moses, an early history of Riverside, the story of Chief Tonasket,  and many other matters. He has published two monographs—"Early  Okanogan History" and "Law Business and Lawyers of Okanogan  and Ferry Counties." The former is a souvenir of the centenary of  the first American settlement in Washington, at the mouth of the  Okanagan  River, Sept.  1,   1811.  His first article on Fort Okanogan and the Okanogan Trail was  published in the Oregon Historical Quarterly in March, 1914, and  states that the original structure was erected by the Pacific Fur Company of John Jacob Astor. The post was relinquished to the North-West  Company and finally to the Hudson's Bay Co., which held it until  Britain gave up all territory south of latitude 49 degrees.  Of interest especially to O.H.S. members is the Judge's investigation of Council Bill 102 of the territorial legislature of 1887-88,  which settled the spelling, for Americans, of the name of the valley  and river variously rendered as Oak-kin-nah-kein, Okinnnacken,  Okanagan, Okanogan.  PLACE NAME—Grande Prairie  The name Grande Prairie first appeared on a map compiled in  1832. However, it had been in use for one hundred years prior to the  construction of the C.N. Railway through the district in 1928, at  which time the name was changed to "WESTWOLD". The change  was assented to in a public meeting called for the purpose.  The Northern Alberta Railway had recently assigned this name  to one of its stations and to avoid confusion petitioned Ottawa to  clarify the matter by having the use of "Grande Prairie" name  identified with their station.  (71) 1858—\^Jne <J~~Lundred     Ljears in  ^Similkameen— 1958  S. Manery  Our Similkameen Indians were of the Salish tribe, a mixture of  Okanagan, Thompson and others. They roamed from far down in  Washington State to the Nicola, living in teepees in the warmer months  and in kikwillies in winter. This bountiful country made them self-  sustaining, but they traded and fought with other tribes. Their use  of stone, wood, bark, roots and fibre in their everyday tools showed an  adeptness and patience almost incredible in this day and age. Their  knowledge of herbs and cures for most ailments were widely known,  but in some cases thev kept secret the uses of others which might  have meant much to our medical world.  They did leave something to see and wonder about in their paintings. Their pictographs on rocks can be seen in many places in Lower  Similkameen, Keremeos Forks, Hedley, Princeton, etc. Using a flat  wall, generally under a overhang, these pictographs, done with ochre  procured from Princeton-Tulameen have weathered the years, but few  of our present-day Indians know much about them except that they  depict events in the life of the tribe, or of young braves on entering  manhood. Paul Terbasket, who died two years ago at 108 or 110  years of age, was the last of the old-time Indians. Others were his  brother William, the Colquins, Nehumptions, Susays, Charlie Joe,  Alex Shuce, Crooked Mouth Pierre, Indian Edward, Charlie Yakum-  tickum, Ashnola John, Mary Qualtiers, Michelle Showdey and others.  Many stories could be told about them, and among them were many  story-tellers. That they drew a long bow, as legends show, is not  frowned upon too much, for we ourselves like to live at times in a  world of make-believe. These old-timers were a proud, hardy people,  and were quick to learn stock raising and farming, and they left to  their heirs those qualities which make good citizens.  With the early prospectors came another race, the Chinese,  seeking gold, jobs as cooks, or in agriculture. These kindly people  responded to good treatment and many became loyal patriots. Their  good deeds to any who befriended them and especially to boys in  families where they worked will always be remembered. That, and  their ability to run water uphill. Many will remember the Chinese New  Year celebrations; that was one day when the latch was left open to  visitors, who partook of many Chinese drinks, fancy foods, liche nuts,  (72) One Hundred Years in Similkameen  etc., and he was a hardy soul who could outlast the "Chinks" on their  days of celebration.  On June 15th, 1846 the Oregon Treaty was signed, setting the  49th parallel as International boundary and marking the end of Indian  resistance to the Whites. A survey, from Kamloops by way of Harrison  Lake to Fort Langley and returning by way of the Nicola Valley,  was undertaken by Alexander Caulfield Anderson and was the beginning of many trails and roads.  We read of the Similkameen in Archibald McDonald's map of  the Thompson in 1827, the Brigade Trail of 1855 and the Royal  Engineers of 1859-61, but it was not till 1860 that Richter and  Barcelo and a customs house at Lower Similkameen started a trend  to land development in the valley. Barcelo was reported to have had  the first flour mill and in 1876 Barrington Price and Henry Nicholson  started a flour and grist mill on Keremeos Creek. Ten years later  Coulthards bought this property from the Hudson's Bay Company  and the old mill is still to be seen there and should be set aside as an  historical site. An arbitration over irrigation ditch rights between Mr.  Coulthard and Tom Daly was settled by a Board on which sat Dan  McCurdy, George Pike and W. J. Manery. Mr. Daly won!  1885 seems to be the year that our first pioneer families gave the  Similkameen its start as a ranching and farming settlement. Such  names as Richter, Surprise, Barcelo, Marsel, McCurdy, Manery, Daly,  Cawston, Neil, Knowles, Barber, Gillanders, Edward Bullock Webster, Armstrong and others were our neighbors of that time.  Those were the days of open house to all who came along; food  and shelter for man and beast were taken as a matter of course. Visits  between neighbours were made as often as convenient and distance  was no obstacle, especially at dances. Newspapers such as the Victoria  Colonist and a few others were passed around and anyone making  a trip to the outside was always given a list of articles to bring back.  A stage line was operated by Frank Royer from Phoenix to  Keremeos by way of Oroville, Wash.; another by Welby from  Penticton to Princeton. Sam McCurdy also drove stage from Curlew,  Wash, to Hedley. Freighters, covered wagons, democrats and just  horseback did not make for many traffic jams. People had more leisure  to enjoy their surroundings and their fellow men. "Tempus fugit"  may have been known, but was certainly ignored by travellers in  those days, and they enjoyed a chance to enjoy God's gifts that is.  unknown today.  Shortly after the arrival of these settlers a school was needed, so  (73) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  a log cabin on Daniel McCurdy's property at Similkameen was used  in 1892. The old red school house was later built by a grant from  Victoria of $700. W. J. Manery managed the building and hauled  lumber from Penticton, milled at Kelowna. Mr. Manery hired two  carpenters from Loomis,  Wash., at $2.00 per day.  The first teacher was Donald G. McGillverey, who was born in  Ripley, Ontario. Others were Miss Truswell, Mary Bell, George  Boyer, McMullen, J. Sutherland, Miss Fisher, and before the old  school closed Mrs. McGuffie taught previous to her marriage. The  last teacher at the old school was Miss Letty Schofield (Scoffield? ).  Church services, both Protestant and Roman Catholic, were held  in homes, schools, hotels, etc., wherever the good men could make their  rounds. "Father Pat," as he was known all over the interior, was a  notable figure on his white horse and often late for a service; he  rarely had time to take off his spurs! We remember them as worthy  members of the cloth.  To many old-timers settlements such as these are remembered as  the good old days, so we salute them in Chinook—"Klahowyah  Tillicums Sachily Tyee Klose nanage Kopa kisika."  A marker for the start of Cawston could be established on the  Community Hall Society Park, for here was a Hudson's Bay Company  post and Indian encampment. We might say Cawston got its start when  Frank Richter took up land in 1865 at the present site and later the  home of the Cawston family. Here were built a couple of log cabins,  and born here were Joe, Edward and John (Hans) Richter, three  of the five sons now living. William and Charlie have passed on but  many will remember "Buckshot", for he was one of Nature's  gentlemen.  Mr. Richter brought in fruit trees from Clarke's nurseries in  New Westminster over the Hope Trail by pack horse and established  an orchard that was in full bearing when Mrs. R. L. Cawston arrived  in 1885. The present log house was not built until the late 70s and  the Richter family did not stay long in it as Mr. Richter had large  holdings at Richter Pass and a home there. He later bought at Keremeos Creek and lived there in the house known as Inglewood.  R. L. Cawston and his aunt, Ella Lowe, bought the "A" ranch  from Richter in 1884 and ran cattle for many years. In 1903 the  Cawston family moved to Stratford, Ont., where Mrs. Cawston had  a home, and there the boys finished their education.  In 1907 the Great Northern Railway came in and many settlers,  too. In 1909 or thereabouts a company was formed at Winnipeg, the  (74) One Hundred Years in Similkameen  Similkameen Fruit Land Co., and they bought the "R" ranch. Mr.  Cawston came back to manage it for them. The property was subdivided by C. E. Shaw, BCLS, who later took up land and a home on  Barcelo or Manuel Creek. A prospectus freely circulated by the Land  Company, plus high-pressure salesmanship, induced many from the  prairies to try their hands at fruit farming, where, it was said you  could make a good living on five acres and become rich on ten! Being  on the "tail end" of a fruit land boom, many were the trials of the  company, but the tribulations were borne by the settlers, who waited  many years before getting title to their land, owing to the liquidation  of the company. With the purchase of the mortgage from the Lowes  by the B.C. Government, titles were finalised, and strange to say,  many settlers stuck to their places and we still have many with us today.  Although many came and looked the valley over, settlement was  not general till the period 1913 to the twenties. The wonderful  climate of our valley was the one redeeming feature to most, but the  old Canadian pioneering blood did not forsake these settlers and they  could see a good home life ahead. The Women's Institute did much  good work and was solidly backed by one and all.  The Company had established a headgate on the Similkameen  River and had right of way agreement for their ditch, which the  Cawston Irrigation District took over and building and maintenance  of flumes continued. Being a gravity system of furrow irrigation,  many were the trials of the Water Board and landowners alike, but  we sometimes look back and wonder if all sprinkler worries are not  fully as troublesome. Quite a story could be told of Water Boards,  our Boards of Trade, Community Hall Board, and last but not least,  our School Boards.  The first school was held in the old Cawston Ranch house, Miss  Wood being one of our first teachers. Later a High School class was  held in the Capt. McLean house, now owned by Sandersons and lived  in for many years by the Mordens. A school house was built on the  present school site. Among the teachers were the following: Mrs.  Nesbitt, Mr. Cornish, Miss Mabel Wilcox, W. Lockhart, Mrs. Fisher,,  Verna Weaver, Mr. Gillespie, Miss Malotte, Miss Wilson, W.  Meikle, Dolly Baxter, Mr. McDougall, the Misses Smith, Agnes,  Lang, Miss B. McMurchie, Miss Helen Christie, Miss Mary Lang.  Our apologies to any who may have been overlooked. The school  was the general meeting-place until the Community Hall was built  in 1921. This was a community effort, and a great blessing it came  to be. In the school house R. P. Murray, a young O. A. C. graduate:  (75) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  made his maiden speech on beginning his career as the horticulturist  for this district. His address on "forced rhubarb" was the start of his  long journey to the highest post in the department. Well done, Bob;  we can now say rhubarb to retirement and wish you many happy years  in your garden.  Shortly after their arrival L. V. Newton and W. N. Sinclair  erected our first general store and in 1917 the former became first  postmaster. Later, for some 18 years, the latter was postmaster. In  1948 Wm. Ritchie took over the duties and still continues as  Postmaster.  Early in the first World War Orser Bros, and the Eastern  Canning Co. built a cannery at Cawston, and we grew tomatoes for  them at $12 a ton. About 1918 Sutherland and Ritchie of Kelowna  took over and operated the cannery for several seasons. Then it was  idle for a while, but the community sold shares and operated the  cannery with S. R. Manery as processor. It enjoyed a reputation for  its fine pack and gave the settlers quite a nice revenue. Owing to other  canning sources applying pressure we were unable to- continue to  operate, and also we had no place to sell our product. In 1944 L. J.  Kelly of Rowcliffe's, Kelowna, reopened the cannery and made  additions. He canned tomatoes, asparagus and tree fruits. It is still  operating.  The opening of the bench lands to veterans was an old dream  come true and soon the old sage-brush and bunch grass became orchards.  With the growth of fruit trees and homes a packing house was built  in  1953—the "Similkameen Growers Co-op".  Church was held in the school house and community hall for  many years. In 1946 the United Church was dedicated and continues  to grow in size and furnishings. With our schools continuing to grow,  with a good general store, two garages, two coffee shops, a cannery,  packing house and sawmill near by, bank facilities and post office, we  look for a bright future.  (76) C^/ranville <jVlorgan— 1874- 1958  Mrs. H. C. Whitaker  This is a photograph taken in 1894 at the Barclay Ranch in  Summerland after a day of hard riding on the range. The lad is  Granville Morgan, who had come from Harrow, England, the year  before. It was a severe winter and the journey from Vernon to Summerland was difficult even for an adventure-seeking youth.  Walking, riding, sliding on ice and accepting lifts on loads of  hay took him to the Postill Ranch (now Austin Taylor's), where  the first night was spent. He reached Kelowna at the close of the next  day. From there one of the McDougalls was his guide across the frozen  lake and on to Summerland. The deer had been starving, and in  sympathy the staggering animals were assisted until the guide urged  greater speed. Late that night they arrived at the Lloyd-Jones Ranch  and the first house in West Summerland.  Summerland was Morgan's home till he died in August, 1958. In  his more than sixty years of residence he helped in its development  as cowboy, fruit rancher and at the Fish Hatchery until retirement.  In 1906 he married Anita Brown, eldest daughter of J. R. Brown  of Canyon Ranch, Trout Creek, where she still lives in their first  home. Three sons, Arthur, Robert and Howard survive him.  He was a pioneer of great courage, foresight and loyalty.  "He does not die that can bequeath  Some influence to the land he knows,  Or dares, persistent, interwreath  Love permanent with the wild hedge-rows.  He does not die, but still remains  Substantiate with his darling plains."  (77) <-J~Li<jhliahts of a <J~toneu\  <moon  Grace Worth  Harry and I were married in Devon on March 27th, 1901. We  left Liverpool on the Corinthian on April 26th accompanied by  Harry's brother John Worth and Flo, his bride. John, having lived  in British Columbia, had returned to England to get married. Our  goal was John's mining claim on the north fork of Kettle River.  Arriving in Vernon we stayed at the Coldstream Hotel. Vernon  was a very small town. There were five hotels. They all sold liquor  and served meals at 25c for all one could eat.  We were lucky that day, for Paul Jackman and his sister Minnie  were in from Cherry Creek with their waggon. As John's place was  fifteen miles beyond their home, they offered to take us to our  destination.  Sensing breakers ahead John tried to persuade Flo and me to  stay in Vernon. But we had neither wintered nor summered then. Our  love was like fresh yeast, and as Ruth to Naomi we said "Whither  thou goest I will go, and where thou lodgeth I will lodge." But  while Ruth's determination led to eternal honor and glory, through  a male in the offing, ours led to a washout.  We bought groceries and hardware from W. R. Megaw, who  was the mayor, but had to get sheets at Shatford's. It was crazy to  take white sheets to shacks in the wilderness, but we would rather  have gone without a shirt, than have slept without sheets, and we had  neA^er heard of any sheets but white ones.  It was a lovely morning in May when we left Vernon. At the  Coldstream Ranch miles of apple orchard were coming into bloom.  About seven miles from Vernon the horses were taken out of the  waggon to drink at a stream. In Lumby they rested and were fed.  Lumby had a hotel, a store with post office, a small church, a one-room  school, one decent house and some shacks.  We lunched at Al Stansfield's place ten miles east of Lumby. It  was bacon and eggs with flapjacks, peach jam in a cardboard container,  and tea. A bachelor's cooking, and delicious.  We reached the Jackman home at Cherry Creek in time for supper,  and although we were unexpected, Mrs. Jackman gave us a hearty  welcome.  The next morning, leaving our trunks at Jackman's, we sallied  forth again on the waggon. The cayuses were tied behind. We rode  for another ten  miles to the Monashee mine buildings  which  were  (78) Highlights of a Honeymoon  apparently evacuated.  The most difficult part of our journey lay ahead. The team and  the waggon were left at the Monashee. Our provender, blankets, etc.,  were loaded on to the cayuses. The men and cayuses went ahead on  the trail. Flo and I walked behind in our long flapping skirts and  picture hats, suitable for Piccadilly Circus. The trail was very narrow,  with steep cliffs on one side and deep ravines on the other, which were  filled with water from the melting snows. They looked like dark  bottomless lakes. Snow and mud on the trail which often slanted,  made it difficult and dangerous. We watched the progress m trepidation.  One cayuse with its awkward load slipped and slid down the bank,  while we held our breath in fear. But Paul Jackman's horsemanship  aided by fallen logs and debris saved the situation, and got him safely  back on the trail.  Just before dark we emerged on to an open tract of land and  reached the river bank. There was a log shack near the river where  we halted for consultation. In order to reach our destination it was  necessary to cross the river on a log. The river was in a rushing, roaring  flood, and the water touched the bottom of the log. Flo and I refused  to cross that log in the dark. So perforce we all had to sleep the night  in the shack. We made tea and ate. We were all very tired so we went  to bed and slept the sleep of the righteous. The five men threw blankets  on the floor while Flo and I enjoyed the luxury of the bunk.  The next morning we rose at daylight to get ready for the one  more river we had to cross into the land of our dreams.  There was an old stove in the shack, so we had bacon, flapjacks,  syrup and tea, and packed up again for the crossing. Although daylight favoured us, the water had risen during the night and now  covered the log. The cayuses struggled through the water which  almost covered them, and the men walked over the log to demonstiate  how easy it was. Mr. Jackman was a wonderful Moses including the  whiskers, but he had no brother Aaron, and if we wanted to continue  our honeymoon we had to walk on that log. I had always boasted sex  equality, and here was a terrible test in which I failed. My pride was  humbled by deep waters. Saying "Heaven help us," but preferring the  visible means of support, we held on to our husbands' coat tails.  Afraid to look either up or down, we centered on their backs, and  proceeded inch by inch, and foot by foot. With a few Ohs! and  screams we reached the other side with nothing worse than wet feet.  Following the river for about a mile we came to John's humble  home. There was a low bed on one side, and an old stove on the other,  (79) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  but no room to swing a cat. Flo looked for a moment in consternation,  said "Oh John!" sat on the bed and burst into tears. John said, "I  begged you not to come," while I sang, "Oh! why did I leave my  little back room in Blooms-ber-ree," and tried to persuade Flo that  everything would come out all right.  When I asked John where Harry and I could go- to carry on the  honeymoon, he said, "You go along the trail to Fred Williamson's  shack, and if he isn't home you can stay there." I've never met Fred  Williamson, but wherever he is I want to thank him for not being  home in May, 1901! The shack was roomy—most all room. There  was a bunk with cedar branches in one corner, and a hole in the roof  for a chimney in the opposite corner. The fireplace was the floor, and  the floor was the ground. But with a rustic table, two apple boxes and  white sheets it looked "real homey." No curtains were needed for  there were no windows. But with the chimney hole, and the open  spaces between the logs, fresh air and light were provided, and  windows were superfluous.  My first duty was to bake bread. This was new to me, but I  borrowed John's Dutch oven and followed directions on the yeast box.  I lit a fire outside, put the moulded dough in the oven and the oven  in the ashes, and watched until the time was up, but when I took it  out it was like a lump of lead. That was the first fly in the ointment of  the honeymoon. Harry said I didn't have enough fire and I said I did.  I bet he couldn't do it any better, and allowed him to try, just to prove  my words. So when the next loaf was ready, he sat by the fire to  replenish and watch the time. But all the big man laboured to deliver  was—a cinder. John baked the next loaf and showed me how to do it.  Since then I have often questioned the wisdom of learning.  One day Flo discovered she had lost a bracelet, and thought she  had left it in the shack at the river crossing. So we decided to walk  back there in the evening. Harry and I walked ahead, leaving Flo and  John—who carried an old muzzle-loader—a considerable distance  behind. Before we rounded a sharp bend in the trail, caused by a high  bank on our left, we heard a noise of snapping twigs, and suddenly  as we turned the corner we came face to face with a big shaggy animal.  Very innocently I said, "Is that a Dartmoor pony?" but almost immediately recognized it was a very big bear. My screams re-echoed  through the hills. This caused the bear to turn tail and run. Hearing  my screams, John rushed up with his muzzle-loader and fired. At the  same time the bear stumbled and we thought he had injured him.  Despite our pleadings he reloaded, saying, "That's the biggest grizzly  (80) Highlights of a Honeymoon  I've ever seen; his hide is worth thirty dollars," forgetting that if the  bear turned on us our hides wouldn't be worthy thirty cents. It took so  long to re-load that the bear was too far away to hit. At the crossing  the waters had abated, so we bravely walked the log and found the  bracelet. But our homeward journey in the dark was not exactly  enjoyable.  John took mountain fever, and as Harry could not proceed with  the mining without his help, we decided to investigate our surroundings.  In a shack across the river lived Al Marsh, with a crop of patriarchal whiskers. He was an industrious neighbour who, all alone, in  his search for gold had dug a tunnel 900 feet long under the mountain.  One day I wore my corduroy cycling bloomers and we hiked up  the mountain side with John's gun for protection. We saw a rather  clumsy animal on a stump, and decided it was a small bear, so to save  us from destruction Harry shot if. Then we proceeded to a small lake  further up. Here we saw a big bird on the water, making a bloodcurdling noise. It dived down and popped up occasionally to make  "music", so of course as we had a gun it was a God-given target for  practice. Although it was a hard target for a marksman, the green  Englishman killed it with the first shot. We could not reach it so like  conquering heroes returned to tell John of our wonderful progress. We  asked the names of the "wild" animals we had slaughtered. He said,  "You have killed a loon and a porcupine; they are both protected, so  keep your mouths shut or the game warden will get you." Then Harry,  being a farmer said, "I think I'll go down to the big Coldstream  Ranch and try to get a job." To which John replied, "If you go down  there with those breeches and leggings on, the foreman will know  you're a b. . . Englishman and think you're no good to work."  Rather discouraging!  But when the butter, potatoes and jam gave out, I told Harry I  was tired of bacon and beans, and that if he wouldn't go I would  walk out alone. Another fly!  The next day we rolled our blankets, packed a lunch, said good-bye  and walked to Jackman's—15 miles. I wore buttoned boots with high  heels, and after a few miles, walking became a torture. When I took  them off I suffered from tender feet. We had no gun and only the  fear of wild animals prodded me on. I longed to lie down in the  wilderness, and by the way Harry kept scolding and urging me, no one  would have believed it was a honeymoon. I vowed never to wear  high heels again and have kept my vow.  (81) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  Eventually we reached the Jackman home which to me was a  palace. We ate raw cariboo meat which had been cured by the Indians,  and feasted on Mrs. Jackman's home cooking.  We rested a few days and then went forth to find land from  which to carve a farm. From then on there were more flies than  ointment, so it was—good-bye honeymoon!  INFORMATION FOR NEW MEMBERS O.H.S.  The Society was founded by the late Leonard Norris of Vernon  in 1925. He was active in its affairs until his death in 1945, by  which time ten reports had been published.  Capt. J. B. Weeks of Penticton, who was President at the time,  called a meeting in 1946, which elected directors representing all  sections of the Valley.  Two months later an Editorial Committee was set up, consisting  of the following: Dr. M .A. Ormsby (convener), G. C. Tassie and  S. Fleming (Vernon), Mrs. D. Gellatly (Westbank), Mrs. R. B.  White (Penticton), Dr. F. W. Andrew (Summerland), and Burt  Campbell  (Kamloops).  The twelfth Report appeared in 1948, and publication has been  made annually since that date. Editors have been Dr. M. A. Ormsby,  Mrs. R. L. Cawston and Rev. Dr. J. C. Goodfellow.  The Penticton and Kelowna Branch Societies were both organised  in 1948. Oliver-Osoyoos followed in 1949 and Armstrong-Enderby  in  1950.  (82) *Jhe     Uernon <~/Vli  tdseum  Guy P. Bagnai.l  The first attempt to establish a museum in Vernon came in 1949,  immediately after the death of the late William Courtice Pound,  taxidermist and furrier, who, following 58 years' continuous residence  here, left to his beneficiaries a large number of mounted birds and  wild animal heads, along with a valuable collection of Indian relics  and artifacts. Negotiations were opened up by the executors of the  Pound estate with Mayor David Howrie, culminating in the outright  gift from the Pound family of a large number of museum specimens  to the City of Vernon, with the understanding that they should form  the nucleus of a museum and that suitable housing would be provided  for them by the City Council.  This was implemented, on a temporary basis, by an arrangement  with the Vernon School Trustees and the principal of the Junior High  School in MacDonald Park. It was thus the Vernon Museum became a  fact in May 1950. Mayor T. R. B. Adams publicly opened the  exhibit with an oration on the value of a community spirit and the  co-operation of citizens; he thanked all who had contributed their  parts in bringing to consummation this worthy project.  Mayor Adams thanked the donors—Rev. Allan C. Pound, M.A.,  M.Th., in absentia, and his sister, Mrs. Guy P. Bagnall, in person;  also thanks "were accorded Mr. Charlie Haynes for his craftsmanship in  remodelling old and making new display cabinets for the museum.  Turning now to the organization of the City of Vernon Board  of Museum and Archives, this was achieved at two- public meetings,  the first held November 24, and the second December 16th, 1954,  when George H. Melvin became first chairman and Guy P. Bagnall  first secretary-treasurer; other members of the Board were—David  Howrie Sr., Earl Quesnel, B.A., and Douglas A. Ross, B.S.A., M.Sc,  Ph. D. Directors. Two ex-officio members to represent the City  Council were added—Alderman Fred H. Harwood and Ian Garvin,  City Clerk.  The name of the Board is the "City of Vernon Board of Museum  and Archives." The first budget presented to the City Council was  in the modest sum of $250.00 for the year. An inventory of all  specimens and archives in possession of the Board was made. Several  additions were received' at this, meeting, and Charles Haynes was  named honorary curator. The date of the first meeting of the Board  was=January  12,   1955. The Board gave its immediate attention tc  (83) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  evolving policies and practices to guide its own footsteps.  It was felt the Board should concentrate upon the collection of  trophies and specimens particularly identified with this district. This  was not an easy decision to make as valuable donations from other  lands had already begun to roll in. Pressure upon the space available  at the school was increasing and a move was forced, December 11,  1956, when the museum transferred to its present quarters on the site  of the former police station and magistrate's court, facing the Memorial Park and next to the Fire Hall.  Here the Museum is on ground level in a structure which is close  to being fire proof and has a large vault for housing archives. Willing  hands went to work reconditioning the premises and an excellent  arrangement of exhibits has resulted in a new public interest in the  display.  In looking over the pages of the minute book, we notice on April  20th, 1955 an advisory committee of seven persons was appointed and  met with the Board. When the Board first met the following committees were set up:  1. Indian Life and Local History.  2. Fine Arts, to include Drawings, Paintings and Needlecraft.  3. Industry   and   Science,    with   special   reference   to   provincial  industries.  4. Wild Life and Game.  5. Archives.  The whole Board would deal with screening and acceptance of  specimens and fulfil the duties of curator.  On April 20th, 1955, Mr. Quesnel reported he had received the  original manuscript of the Overland Expedition, which would be  presented by Mrs. Sally Viel to the Board.  On June 15th, 1955, the Board accepted the donation of an old  painting by the late Capt. Paul Vidler. This painting had been in the  F. B. Jacques family for a number of years and appears to be one of  the first works of art executed in this district, more than sixty years  ago. At this meeting Dr. Ross drew attention to the valuable work of  three outstanding naturalists in the persons of Allan Brooks, Ralph  Hopping and J. A. Munro.  October 12, 1955: The old church at O'Keefe's was reported on  by Alderman Harwood who said it was falling into decay. The original  MSS. of the "Valley of Youth" by Holliday was received. The  constitution of the Board was revised January 19th, 1959 so that  members are now appointed by the City Council for two year over-  (84) Vernon Museum  lapping terms.  Running a museum is an altogether different task from running  a business. The factors involved refuse to remain constant; a museum  must contain and bring into focus an interest in things of the past  yet it must be alive and speak a message to the world of today, in a  language which it can understand.  The Vernon Museum has some 1800 square feet of floor space.  Needless to say it is overflowing and there is the threat of exhibits  being scattered. Full use is being made of all wall area but the time  is surely approaching when an Art Gallery must be provided to take  care of paintings, sketches and photographs. A very considerable  donation of local paintings is presently being withheld from the  Museum because it has not an appropriate place in which to display  these valuable records—the work of our own citizens.  THE LORD'S PRAYER IN CHINOOK  Nesika papa klaksta mitlite kopa saghalie,  Our father who stayeth in the above,  Kloshe kopa nesika tumtum mika nem;  Good in our hearts (be) thy name;  Kloshe mika tyee kopa konaway tillicum;  Good thou chief among all people;  Kloshe mika tumtum kopa illahie,  Good thy will upon earth,  Kahkwa kopa saghalie.  As in the above.  Potlatch  konaway sun nesika muckamuck.  Give every day our food.  Spose nesika mamook masahchie,  If we do evil, (be)  Wake mika hyas solleks, pe spose  Not thus very angry, and if  Klaksta masahchie kopa nesika,  Anyone evil towards us,  Wake nesika solleks kopa klasaka  Not we angry towards them  Mahsh siah kopa nesika konaway masahchie.  Send away far from us all evil.  (85) \^Jkanaaan <=>L^ake Jfjridqe  Editor's Note: Question' When do recent events become "history"? Specifically, is Okanagan Lake Bridge yet a matter of interest  to the O.H.S.?  Whatever your opinion may be, we thought it well to set down a  few pertinent facts on the subject while they were easily available.  No one questions that the bridge is an historic milestone in the  development of the Valley.  The article was "sparked" by the loan, by Mr. G. P. Bagnall, of  a blueprint measuring 3' 6" by 22"—too large to be reproduced with  our limited funds—being "Drawing 1 A", a master plan and profile  of the lake to the scale of 1" to 10', dated March 22, 1957. Mr.  Melvin Shelley, Vernon City Engineer, has filled in the lake depths  at the crossing.  Mrs. D. H. Gellatly of Westbank culled most of the facts in the  article from the files of "Kelowna Daily Courier", and the writer  interviewed Mr. Russell Trites, who was foreman at the construction  of the pontoons, a resident of Kelowna.  Special thanks to Kelowna Daily Courier.  After more than half a century of ferry service on Lake Okanagan  between Kelowna and the west side, it became obvious that the immense  growth of traffic had rendered such means of transport inadequate,  although three large ferries were in operation (incidentally, at an  annual deficit of $250,000).  The possibility of a bridge across the lake was referred to by  Premier Bennett at a meeting of the Kelowna Board of Trade on  January 5, 1954. He added that it was "up to Okanagan people to  press for a span if that was what they wanted." Previously, a survey  of the situation had been authorised by the then Minister of Public  Works, E. C. Carson, in May, 1950.  Tenders for the first portion of the work were opened on December 26, 1955. It had been decided that the bridge would be built by  the Provincial Government and financed by bonds issued by the  Provincial Toll Authority. Redemption was to be through toll charges  on the bridge and by an annual subsidy of 2}/2% of the cost of  construction, paid by the Provincial Government. The bridge was to  be an integral part of Highway 97.  Construction commenced in November, 1955. Due to the fact  that the lake bottom showed instability on the west side, the original  idea of a suspension bridge had to be abandoned and a floating one  (86) Okanagan Lake Bridge  substituted. This involved the construction of twelve reinforced  concrete pontoons, ten of which measured 200 feet long, 15 feet deep  and 50 feet wide, and two fifty feet long. The former were divided  into 56 cells, each 14 feet, along the 50 foot side. Each cell is  connected by openings in the walls of the others, so that if the outside  wall is damaged the pontoon will not sink. All pontoons are separated  by thick rubber on each corner.  They are attached by a huge hinge at the Westbank side to a  small transition span 175 feet long with a clearance of 15 feet. This  allows the span to roll slightly with the rest of the bridge.  The pontoons were constructed on the lake shore at the foot of  Haynes Avenue in Kelowna. The shore was dredged 20 feet below  lake level to form basins to receive them. Forms were constructed in  a shed belonging to Simpson's Mill during the three months commencing September, 1956. One million dollars were expended, I was  informed by Mr. Trites, before concrete began to be poured on May  16, 1957, when it took 45 men 30 hours to pour 900 cubic yards.  A total of 17,500 yards of concrete were utilised in the pontoons and  piers.  Two pontoons were constructed at a time, sandpoints being  employed to keep the site dry. When the pontoons were completed  water was admitted and they were floated out. Twelve hours were  required to pump the basins dry—gas pumps being employed for the  purpose. All pontoons were completed before any were conveyed to  the bridge site, where they were anchored to the lake bottom by concrete  anchors each weighing 70 tons, and embedded from 25 to 35 feet.  Anchors measure 20 x 32 , the arms being 2 thick. Two cables, each  2y2" thick, connect each pontoon to an anchor.  The first contract was for the rock fill, which finally utilised  120,000 tons. In addition, 13,000 tons of gravel were used to support,  the piers. The rock fill embankment runs 1400 feet out from the  west shore, and on the east side 300 feet are filled.  Contract No. 2 covered the construction of the floating section and  the main piers. This was awarded to Kelowna Bridge Construction—  a joint venture of General Construction Co. of Vancouver and  Pacific Bridge of San Francisco—in August, 1956.  Contract 3, for the steel superstructure, went to Dominion Bridge  Co. in June, 1957, and the final contract to Narod Construction Co.,  for administration buildings and sidewalks.  The last steel section was floated into position in July, 1958, just  before the official opening by Princess Margaret on the  19th. It was  (87) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  ready earlier, but it was decided not to bridge the gap until necessary.  Here are a few facts about the bridge to complete the record.  The entire project is over 2y miles long, including the mile-long  approach on the west side and the 1400' road in Kelowna City Park.  The depth of the lake changes little for 400' from shore, but at the  end of the steel section (approximately 1000' out) it is about 120'.  From there it drops to 160' at about 1500' out. This depth is maintained for about 700 feet. At the west side the causeway is in 20-30  feet of water. The lake at the bridge location is approximately 4200  feet wide. At the Kelowna side two 188 foot spans are separated by a  260 foot lift span weighing 600 tons. It is raised and lowered by four  electric motors totalling 125 horse power, and when lowered is 15^4  feet above high-water level. It can be raised 45 feet in 90 seconds to  give 60^2 feet clearance. The operator is situated 37 feet above the  road level. The administration building measures 38 x 70 and has 13  rooms, including a vault for toll receipts. F. T. M.  In 1906 an informal program of water sports was staged at  Kelowna. So successful was it that the Kelowna Courier in an editorial  suggested that it should be made an annual event. The following year,  at a public meeting, a committee was formed to pioneer what became  the Annual Regatta. It included H. D. B. Lysons, G. H. Packer, Frank  DeHart, J. Wilks, A. L. Meughens, W. M. Crawford, J. Bowes,  F. A. Taylor, F. E. R. Wollaston and H. W. Hardman.  (88) <Jhe     r^ocks and    reivers of JTyritish  \^^oltdmbi  umt>ia  Extract from "The Rocks and Rivers of British Columbia" by  Walter Moberly, C.E. published 1885, dealing with the Dewdney  Trail. (In this book, Moberly gives an account of his work in B.C.)  "During the winter of 1859-60 I tried hard to promote a company  to build a tramway from Victoria to Esquimault, but without success.  This winter I had the pleasure and good fortune to meet Captain  Palliser, Dr. Hector, Mr. Sullivan, and others connected with that  well-known exploration in British North America, and gained much  valuable information of the prairie country, and such portions of the  mountain ranges as they had traversed. In the spring I went back to  New Westminster, and surveyed and took up the south side of English  Bay, Burrard Inlet, and both sides of Port Moody. On my return to  Westminster I entered into a contract, in partnership with Mr. Edgar  Dewdney, to build a trail from Fort Hope on the Fraser River to  the Shemilkomean River on the east side of the Cascade range of  mountains, to reach the gold-diggings on the latter river, where gold  of a very fine quality had been discovered. Meeting with a very severe  accident, I was laid up for some days in a miserable swamp, with only  an Indian boy for my companion, and when I felt a little better I  rode a mule down to a small log store-house which we had at a little  lake. I arrived in the evening, and soon lay down to rest in the lower  of two bunks in one corner of the house. As I lay there, watching the  moon shining through a large square opening in the roof that served  the purpose of a chimney, I heard something walking on the mud-  covered roof, and quietly got up with my revolver. I thought it might  be an Indian, intent on stealing some of our supplies, or rum, of which  we kept a good quantity in this house. I saw what I took to be a hand  carefully come down through the opening, evidently feeling what  was below. This was repeated several times, when I managed to get  into such a position as to leave the moonbeam between myself and  invader, when, instead of an Indian, I made it out to be a large  panther—an animal very scarce on the mainland, but more plentiful  on Vancouver Island. This made me feel uncomfortable, and, as soon  as the moonlight came between us I fired, and hit the brute. For the  rest of that night I occupied the upper bunk, and barricaded it with  tobacco boxes, my sleep not being very sound. When the work was  drawing to a close I went over to the Shemilkomean, where I had  sent some surplus stores to sell to the miners—starting at the persuasion  (89) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  of a person who had opened a house at the Red Earth Forks of the  Shemilkomean, and who had stayed a day or two at one of my campsy  departing in great good humour, as I had given him a small keg of  my best H.B. Company's rum. I reached the mining camp, and went  to my friend's house, six miles further on, where I made the acquaintance of one of the first Gold Commissioners of British Columbia. We  passed a pleasant evening, drank several glasses of the rum I had given  the proprietor of the house and consumed some fresh eggs. On leaving  in the morning I was at a loss to know whether to offer to pay for my  night's entertainment or not, as I was an invited guest. However, I  suggested in a delicate manner that in such a country it was necessary  to pay. My landlord, my supposed host, without hesitation produced a  slate with my bill already made out: meals, 2 dollars 50 cents each;  drinks, 50 cents each; the confounded eggs, 1 dollar apiece, and 75  cents per pound for the barley for my horse. I paid the bill and jumped  on my horse, vowing it would be some time before I accepted another  invitation or enjoyed the luxury of fresh eggs.  "A.D. 1861. The gold mines on the Shemilkomean and at  "Rock Creek", which is further to the eastward, having yielded good  returns in the autumn, Sir James Douglas visited them personally,  going by way of Kamloops and Okawajau lake, and on his return  came over the trail we had then nearly completed. Sir James was  anxious to construct a waggon-road without loss of time over the  same route as that followed by the trail, and requested me to meet  him at Victoria as soon as I could get down after the trail was completed. In the early part of the winter I went down, and it was  arranged that we should construct the westerly portion of the waggon-  road, Captain Grant, with a detachment of the Royal Engineers,  assisting with a force of civilian labour in the easterly part. In the  spring- on the opening of navigation, both of our forces went to work  and continued until winter set in, opening an eighteen-foot waggon-  road over the heaviest part of the work. It was during this summer  that the celebrated Cariboo mines were struck, and the enormous yield  in them in a few weeks at the close of the season attracted the attention  of the whole colony from "Qutter" and "Williams" creeks. The  miners on the Shemilkomean abandoned that section of the country for  the more promising one at Cariboo. Sir James Douglas very wisely  decided to husband all the resources of the colony, which were very  limited, and with his usual indomitable energy and determination  constructed a first-class waggon-road into Cariboo. During the past  two seasons a waggon-road had been in course of construction  from  (90) The Rocks and Rivers of British Columbia"  Port Douglas to Lillovet, Mr. Joseph William Trutch doing the  larger portion of the work. Several companies applied for charters to  build trails and roads to the Cariboo mines, and charters were granted  for trails from Bentinck Arm and Bute Inlet to Quesnel, and for  waggon-roads from Lillovet to Clinton, and from Lytton to the  same point and thence by a joint road to Fort Alexandria. I strongly  urged upon Sir James Douglas the construction of the Fraser River  road, as being the great natural and commercial artery of the country,  and the probability of its becoming at some period in the future the  line for a railway from Canada."  P.S.: Note the spelling of Esquimault, Shemilkomean, and of  Lillovet. Also Akawajau lake, in the reference to Sir James Douglas'  visit to the Shemilkomean and Rock Creek; is this possibly Okanagan  Lake? —Contributed by Mrs. G. Lamont.  "The History of Ellison District"—1858-1958", published by  Ellison Centennial Committee and compiled by Mrs. D. Tutt.—116  pp., 54 pictures and portraits. Map of district from Shuswap to Osoyoos  inside cover. Title page has portrait of Price Ellison and last page a  plan of pre-emptions. Ten chapters cover the following topics:—  Pioneers before 1900, settlers from 1858 to 1908, roads, mails, early  doctors, schools, first subdivisions of the original farm, 1908-1917,  residents 1918-58, early homes, social life and sports, logging and  irrigation, churches, the wars, the airfield, present products, humorous  recollections and summary of dates,  1811 to  1909.  (91) Ail.   CT.   Gebbie of T/«  j^ioneer JT)  ernon  )Msinessman  Mabel Johnson  "Lives of great men all remind us—we can make our  lives sublime;  And, departing, leave behind us—footprints on the sands of time."  So wrote the poet of long ago.  Had it not been for the vision, courage and foresight of the  pioneers, Vernon would not be in the spotlight of business and industry  which it enjoys today.  An example is W. T. Gebbie, who came to Vernon in 1903. Born  in Quebec on July 8th, 1882, Mr. Gebbie died in Vernon August  24th, 1957, at the age of 75.  When Mr. Gebbie arrived in Vernon, he soon became the clerk at  W. F. Cameron's General Store, located on the same site on which  Eaton's of Vernon stands, and which was opened on September 22,  1959. W. F. Cameron was Vernon's first mayor.  Mr. Cameron's "emporium" catered to the needs of the times.  Commodities for men and women, whose tastes were simple and  wants comparatively few, were on the counters. Shelves were piled  with comforts for men, women and children.  In those days of the young century, eggs were $9 per case of 30  dozen; creamery butter 25 cents per pound; dairy cooking butter  eight cents, in cans. There were no aids to merchandising as there  are today; no glass showcases; no pilofilm wraps; no refrigeration.  And here Mr. Gebbie supplied the wants of customers who came a  great distance to shop at Cameron's Store.  In 1910, Mr. Gebbie went into the dry goods business for himself. His location was still on Barnard Avenue, further east, next  door to F. B. Jacques, jeweller and watch inspector, which business  he founded in 1889.  In the year 1912, Mr. Gebbie married Miss Edna Jacques, Mr.  Jacques' daughter. Their wedded life was very short, however, for  Mrs. Gebbie died in 1915, leaving an infant daughter, Beryl, now  Mrs. Harry Gorman, and a resident of Vernon for most of the  intervening time.  Mr. Gebbie's business flourished. He saw Vernon gradually expand;  plank sidewalks give way to cement; the dirt surface of Barnard  Avenue covered with asphalt.  (92) W. T. Gebbie  In 1935, Mr. Gebbie discontinued business in Vernon, and went  to Vancouver, where he lived in semi-retirement, returning to Vernon  shortly before his death. He was a great lover of the Okanagan Valley.  As a younger man, one of his chief delights was to hunt and fish.  He was a member of the Masonic Order.  He has two grandchildren; Michael and Anne Gorman, whose  home is but a stone's throw from the Cameron Plot, where their  grandfather took his place with the city's pioneers, as one of Vernon's  early businessmen.  But the past is not dead. The stature of Vernon is a monument to  the strength and endurance of its pioneers, of whom W. T. Gebbie  was one.  The first census in which the Indian population of British  Columbia was separately identified was that of 1881. The population  of Indian origin at the 1881 Census for Canada and the various  provinces is shown in the following statement:  Province Indian Origin  Canada     108,547  Prince Edward Island  281  Nova Scotia   2,125  New  Brunswick    1,401  Quebec  7,5 15  Ontario  .  15,325  Manitoba   6,767  British Columbia   25,661  Northwest Territories   49,472  The figure for the Northwest Territories includes the areas of  what are now the provinces of Saskatchewan and Alberta.  (93) jTjaedeker on the  \~Jkanaaan  From the 1907 edition of Baedeker's "Canada" in the possession  of Mrs. Gwen Lamont of Okanagan Mission.  SICAMOUS Junction (1155 ft.; Hotel Sicamous, owned by  the C.P.R., from $3, often full), a small town named from an  Indian word meaning "the narrows". It lies on the Great Shuswap  Lake, a singular body of water lying among the mountain ridges  like a huge octopus, sending off long narrow arms in all directions.  The coast-line exceeds 200 M. in length. Sicamous is one of the  finest sporting centres in Canada, the objects of the chase including  caribou and deer. The fishing is excellent. The Shuswap Indians  occupy a reservation to the west of the lake.  FROM SICAMOUS JUNCTION TO OKANAGAN  LANDING, 51 m. Can. Pac.Railway in 3 hrs. (fare $2.05). This  line runs to the S, first along Lake Mara and then up the Shuswap  River, traversing a district known as "The Garden of British Columbia", from its fertility. It is occupied by farmers and ranchmen  and affords excellent deer-shooting. At (23 M) ENDERBY we  quit the Shuswap. 32 M. ARMSTRONG (500 inhab.) is another  thriving little market-town. Near (46 M) VERNON (Kalamalka  $2*/_-$3. Coldstream $l-$2) the chief distributing centre, is a huge  farm, (13,000 acres) belonging to Lord Aberdeen, with magnificent  orchards and large quantities of horses, cattle, sheep and poultry.  The present terminus of the railway is at (51 M) Okanagan Landing,  at the head of OKANAGAN LAKE (1130 ft.), a narrow sheet of  water 70 M long and about 3 M wide. Steamers ply hence thrice  weekly to Kelowna, Peachland (Miller's $2), Summerland (Summerland $2-$2I/2); (new Baptist college) and Penticton (Penticton,  from $2) at the foot of the lake.  The climate in this region is wonderfully mild, and large quantities of apples, pears, plums, peaches, apricots and cherries are raised.  The beautiful wild flowers alone make this trip worth making in  summer. Near Kelowna is another fruit-farm belonging to Lord  Aberdeen. To the S. of the lake are several mining camps. Penticton  is to be connected by railway with MIDWAY and SPENCE'S  BRIDGE.  (The prices mentioned refer, of course, to hotels.—Ed.)  (94) <__Y     Wonder I  R. Hadow (Enderby)  A couple of months after my arrival in Canada in the spring of  1899 I got my first job as cook to an elderly bachelor rancher whom  I shall call Fred. My wages were ten dollars a month and board.  Judged by modern standards of remuneration my salary was not  excessive, but when I recollect how extremely limited my knowledge  of the culinary art was in those days I am inclined to think I was  grossly overpaid.  My boss was a type of man rarely met with nowadays, a rugged  pioneer of the old type. A first rate cattle man—shrewd in business  but of a kindly disposition and strictly honest. Fred often regaled me  with yarns of his youthful days in the Western States when conditions  really were wild and woolly. In my boyhood I had often read of the  hostility there was between the early settlers and the Indians that  sometimes flared up into open warfare. But when Fred spoke of the  Indians he invariably adopted a sympathetic attitude towards them  that amounted to genuine affection. On one occasion in an unguarded  moment I asked the old man if he had ever shot an Indian. For a  moment he glared at me and then indignantly exclaimed—"What in  the world would I want to shoot an Injun for?" Actually he did  not-say "World"; instead he mentioned the name of a far distant  region that is notorious for its extremely hot climate!  Fred was the most persistent pipe smoker I ever met. I don't know  if that had anything to do with it, but an ominous lump formed on  his lower lip which as time went on enlarged and hardened. Very  reluctantly Fred consulted a Calgary doctor who- promptly diagnosed  the trouble as cancer and ordered him to stop smoking. The old man  replied that he would sooner die than give up his beloved pipe and  that terminated the interview as Fred really meant what he said.  He then announced that he was going to Winnipeg to take a treatment from an Indian woman who, he claimed, had had spectacular  success in healing cancer. The Indian squaw's opinion of Fred's malady  coincided with the Calgary doctor. Then he asked her the all important  question—"Shall I have to give up smoking?" I'm sure Fred must  have held his breath as he waited for the verdict. However he was  assured that he could not only continue enjoying his pipe, but also  keep on smoking during his treatment. Sometime later Fred returned  to his ranch—cured and as far as I know never had a recurrence of  that dread disease. He died some years ago at a ripe old age. What  (95) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  the so called cure consisted of I do not know. Fred was very reticent on  that subject. I'm certain he underwent no surgical operation. From  a chance remark of Fred's I gathered that the application of certain  herbs played a major role in the treatment.  It was only to be expected that the doctors of Winnipeg looked  with no kindly eye on this unregistered Indian squaw with her  unorthodox methods. They made strenuous efforts—with no holds  barred—to rid the city of what they no- doubt considered was a fake  and an unscrupulous fraud. Perhaps in their zeal, the medical fraternity were a trifle too harsh. Anyway she bitterly resented their  attacks and declared that although it had been her intention before  she died to make known to the doctors every detail of her methods of  combatting cancer, in revenge for what the Indian woman termed  "the cruel treatment" the whites had subjected her to she vowed she  would never divulge her secret—she didn't.  In all probability the squaw, judged by modern standards was  uneducated, illiterate and totally devoid of all knowledge of medical  science. That she could have successfully accomplished a cure for.  cancer seems fantastic and preposterous. Could it be that for some  unknown reason this woman had been initiated into the closely guarded  accumulated wisdom of many generations of Indian medicine men—  I wonder!  Last summer Paul M. Pierron, a skin-diver who was following  a school of fish in 25 feet of water in Osoyoos Lake, came upon  a dugout canoe at the bottom of the lake. It had been used in 1868  to convey the body of Judge John. C. Haynes from the Allison ranch  near Princeton down the Similkameen to the early customs port of  Similkameen whence it was carried overland to Osoyoos for burial.  (96) J^^ooking Jfjack to the <J~listorical  Gazette   in   O.CH.S. 22  (l958J  Two Corrections, an addition and a comment.  BENVOULIN. With reference to the statement of the City  Librarian of Aberdeen—"There is no Benvoulin in Scotland as far  as we can find"—it seems probable that he is referring to existing  towns, villages and post offices. Old-country people, however, are  aware that it is common practice in the British Isles to name estates  and even small dwellings according to the fancy of the owner,  although the latter may be numbered for postal purposes. This being  so, it appears likely that when G. G. MacKay named Benvoulin "after  his old home in Scotland" he was merely duplicating the name of the  house or estate from which he came.  This is well borne out by a letter from Mr. C. Noel Higgin,  who writes from West Summerland: "Benvoulin was a fair-sized  house and property, situated on the hill overlooking the town of Oban  in the Highlands. My uncle bought the property from the MacKay  family in the nineties (?) and I stayed there in the summer of 1903  or 4. When I settled on the lower K.L.O. bench in the fall of 1905 I  was struck by the similarity of the view from there and the view from  the Scottish Benvoulin—Okanagan Lake and the Westbank hills  resembling the arm of the sea and the large island of Kerrera which  encloses the bay of Oban. It is possible that MacKay saw that view  from the bench and may have been influenced by it in his choice of a  name for the district."  Editor's note: It is commonly believed that MacKay came from  Inverness, but the above definitely points to Argyllshire.  CHUTE LAKE post office opened 1921, not 1821 (an obvious  typing error).  Mrs. D. H. Gellatly writes—In the "Historical Gazetteer of  Okanagan-Similkameen" appearing in the twenty-second report of the  Okanagan Historical Society, I inadvertently omitted the origin of the  name given to Ogden Road at Lakeview Heights, and instead, credited  Powers Creek as being named for a "dynamic North-West Company  figure"  (See page  155).  These two place-names should be described thus:  POWERS CREEK-^rossed by Highway 97 at the southern  entry to Westbank, and emptying into Okanagan Lake at Gellatly.  Named for William Powers, an Englishman, born in 1866, who came  (97) Gazetteer  to the U.S. with his father in 1880. After spending several years in  Montana he crossed into Canada, and in 1888 pre-empted the flat  since known as Gellatly. Carried mail between Okanagan Mission and  Grand Forks for several years, and operated sawmills on the Kettle  River. Married Lulu Hopper, and their only daughter became Mrs.  Charles Bubar. Billy Powers died in 1922.  OGDEN ROAD—At Lakeview Heights; named for Peter  Skene Ogden, dynamic figure with the North-West Fur Coy., later  with H.B.C.  Born in 1794, the son of a Montreal judge, Ogden set out for the  west at age 16, joining the Nor-Westers as a clerk. Served seven years  in Saskatchewan River country, where the H.B.C. issued an indictment  against him. Transferred to the Columbia, he led trapping parties  between the Columbia River and Puget Sound, and is said also to  have been in the Shuswap country.  Made a partner in the Company in 1820, but when the two fur-  trade Companies amalgamated, Ogden received no commission. By  1824, however, Governor Simpson made him chief trader. He was  eventually given charge of all posts in New Caledonia. Encouraged  growing of wheat and produce; established a flour-mill at Fort  Alexandria, and each year led fur brigades south through the Okanagan to Fort Okanogan. Responsible for liberation of women and  children following the Whitman Massacre in December, 1847.  "British Columbia. A History". (MacMillan, 1958). Printed in  Vancouver, this volume is the work of Margaret A. Ormsby, Ph.D,.  and was prepared for the provincial  centennial  observance.  It is a large work, 558 pp, containing 15 chapters and an Epilogue.  In addition there are notes on the illustrations, chapter notes, a note on  sources, bibliography, and index. There are 8 engravings in colour and  27 selected photographs; also 5 maps (in colour) and 23 reproductions  of political cartoons.  Dr. Ormsby is a former resident of Vernon and for several years  was Editor of O. H. S. Reports. Of additional interest is the fact that  one of the research students who assisted her in this work was Wayne  Hubble of Kelowna, then at U.B.C. and now at Oxford on a Rhodes  scholarship.  To Okanagan people the double-page photograph of S.S. Sicamous  contained in this book will be of special significance.  (98) UUe     UUill    r^emember    J h  99  em  George Shuttleworth died at his home at the Head of the Lake  on Tuesday, January 20, 1959, in his 103rd year. An article dealing  with his life, reprinted from the Vernon News, appeared in O.H.S.  20, published in 1956. This states that he was born at Osoyoos on July  1, 1856, and at the age of 14 began helping his father with a pack  train between Princeton and Colville, Wash. He later worked on a  tug boat travelling on the Fraser between Yale and New Westminster.  At 18 he married the daughter of an Indian Chief. At one time he  was employed by Tom Ellis. He also farmed at Westbank till 1910,  and worked for Lord Aberdeen at Coldstream Ranch. Married three  times, he finally settled at O'Keefe's and retired in 1948.  Mrs. Mary Warner, who was b«rn in Winnipeg August 22, 1877,  died in Vernon Jubilee Hospital on February 19, 1959. She was a  long-time resident of Shuswap Falls, where her husband, Frederick  C. Warner, farmed till they moved to Vernon in 1948. Married in  1894, she leaves four sons and five daughters; eight of her children  now reside in the Okanagan.  Henry Halliday, aged 78, died in October, 1958, at Armstrong,  after 40 years of farming in the Grandview Flats area. He leaves his  widow and a daughter Betty (Irwin) at Prince George. Mr. Halliday  was born in Dublin, Ireland, served in the Boer War, and was for  many years weed inspector for Spallumcheen Municipality.  Miss Annie Davidson, who came to Westbank 66 years ago, died  in Kelowna on April 13, 1959. Born in San Francisco, she grew  up in Westbank and attended Okanagan West School, a log building  situated just south of McDougall Creek bridge on the present  Highway 97.  She was the eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Davidson, pioneers  of Westbank (1893).  Edward M. (Ted) Carruthers, Kelowna pioneer, was born at  Inverness, Scotland, in July, 1873, and passed away in Kelowna  Hospital on Friday, February 13, 1959 at the age of 85. He was active  up to a few weeks before his death.  Mr. Carruthers came to Canada at the age of 17, and to Kelowna  in October, 1891. Living at Okanagan Mission, he first worked for  Robert Munson. The following year he was employed by the Lequime  Ranch and during the winter of 1893-1894 fed their cattle on the  present site of the city of Kelowna. Other employment included work  in the Big Bend country and the Lardeau; also working for A. B.  Knox.  (99) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  Later he organised the development of the Kelowna Land and  Orchard holdings, and also entered the real estate and insurance  business in partnership with the late W. R. Pooley. In 1904 they sold  the Lequime estate, which was bounded by Mill Creek, Okanagan  Lake, the upper K.L.O. and the present Boyce-Gyro Park, 12,000  acres in all. It was Mr. Carruthers who interested the late T. W.  Stirling in helping to purchase this property and in forming the K.L.O.  Co. to subdivide this land. He was manager of the company till 1911,  and visited Britain in 1904 to sell the balance of the shares. He also  went to England in 1911 to sell holdings for the Belgo-Canadian  Land Co. It is said that he crossed the Atlantic 25 times altogether.  About 1925 he entered into partnership in Kelowna with H. G.  M. Wilson—real estate and insurance—and a few years later  purchased Mr. Wilson's interest and organised the firm now known  as Carruthers and Meikle.  His other activities included the following: Captain Kelowna  Polo team, charter president Kelowna Club, president and life member Kelowna Board of Trade, president golf club, president Hospital  Society, rector's warden St. Michael and All Angels' Church. He is  survived by his widow, Olive, 3 sons and 3 daughters.  Mr. Carruthers was one of the first members of the Okanagan  Historical Society, and his name appears in the first Report as a supporter. We have lost a valued member in the person of E. M.  Carruthers.  Stanley Merriam Simpson, a freeman of the City of Kelowna,  passed away in Melbourne while touring Australia and New Zealand  in March, 1959 at the age of 73. He was the creator and chairman of  directors of S. M. Simpson, Ltd. sawmill and allied industries.  Born in Chatsworth, Ont., he came to the Okanagan in 1910 and  resided in Penticton for two years before moving to Kelowna. From  small beginnings in premises on Water Street and later on Abbott  Street, his business enlarged and the present great S. M. Simpson  plant was started in 1928.  He was created a freeman of the city in recognition of his action  which resulted in the development • of the present civic centre in  Kelowna. Besides being prominent in the lumber industry he served  on Kelowna School Board and was a past president of the Gyro Club.  He leaves his widow, Blanche, two sons and a daughter. His  brother, George, occupied the position of Professor of History at  Saskatchewan University.  Julian   (James)   Impey   Monteith,   prominent   Kelowna   business  (100) We Will Remember Them  man and current President of the Hospital Board, succumbed to a  stroke on March 23rd,  1959, at the age of 67.  Born in Vernon, he married Marjorie Mowat at Enderby in 1919.  He was President of Kelowna Builders' Supply Co., Ltd., a past  president of the Board of Trade, a former chairman of the Okanagan  Valley Hospital Council and a member of the Board of Directors of  the B.C. Hospital Association.  He leaves one son, Douglas, in Kelowna, and his widow survives.  Mrs. Kate Anderson, widow of William Anderson of Enderby,  died in Mount St. Francis Home at Nelson in February, 1957. With  her husband, she came to Enderby about 1902, from Grindrod.  Norman L. Dennison, a member of a pioneer North Okanagan  family, died suddenly at Echo Lake (12 miles east of Lumby) in  October, 1958, aged 68. He had resided in the district for 65 years.  During the period 1908-1952 he farmed in Creighton Valley, and  in the latter year established a fishing lodge at Echo Lake. Mrs. Harry  Watson and Mrs. Frank Watson of Lavington are daughters.  Daniel Gilliland Crozier ("Roddy") of Armstrong, died on  Friday, May 15, 1959, at the ripe age of 84. He had been active  during the previous day, He came to Larkin at the age of five from  Pavilion, B.C., and was a pupil of the pioneer teacher Daniel Rabbitt.  The family moved to Kelowna in 1894. Mr. Crozier, then in his  early twenties, took part in the Yukon gold rush of '98, but returned  the following year with—as he put it-—"some gold and much  experience".  He established the Armstrong Livery Stable in 1910, and after  ten years sold out and became city water works superintendent till  1947. He had married Kate Frances Wade in 1912. She and four  children survive. He was active in church, lodge, and Exhibition  Association work, and was interested in the Okanagan Historical  Society.  Mrs. Margaret Veronica OyLeary was only sixteen when she  brought a younger sister and two younger brothers to Enderby all the  way from Scotland to join an older brother in 1888, after the demise  of their parents. This was ten years before the railway was built  through Enderby, and the party travelled from Sicamous by boat.  Mrs. O'Leary died recently in North Vancouver at the age of 86,  after long residence in Enderby, Armstrong and Vernon. She is  survived by two- sons and a daughter. She was a pioneer member of  Vancouver Women's Council, Catholic Childrens' Aid and tht  Catholic Women's League.  (101) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  Funeral service for the late Mrs. F. Elizabeth Tweedle, aged 81,  mother of Frank Richter, M.L.A. for Similkameen, was held in  Victory Hall at Keremeos and reported in the Vancouver press on  January 20, 1959.  Mrs. Tweddle was born at Carson City, Nevada, in 1877, came  to the State of Washington by covered waggon in 1883, lived until  her marriage at Loomis, Wash., and married (1894) Francis Xavier  Richter, a cattle rancher in the Richter Pass area. Mr. Richter established a new home at Keremeos in 1898, setting up the first cattle  ranch in the Similkameen and planting the first fruit trees in that area.  He passed away in 1910 and his widow married Halliburton Tweddle  two years later, continuing to live at the Keremeos ranch. She was  again widowed in 1957. She was active in community affairs, especially  in the Womens' Institute. Two sons, three step-sons and seven  daughters survive; also 32 grandchildren and 43 great-grandchildren.  Alfred Thomas Ruby—for 32 years a resident of Armstrong  district, passed away in Armstrong Hospital on May 15, 1959, aged  76. He had been engaged in farming in the Lansdowne area until  1955, when he made his home on Patterson Avenue.  The Vancouver press of July 23rd, 1959, stated—"Armstrong—  A farmer in this district for 50 years, George Francis Marshall died  here at the age of 70. Member of a family that pioneered this area,  he came to the Okanagan from Ontario as a child 67 years ago. Besides  his wife, he is survived by four sons and five daughters." A Marshall  of Armstrong is a brother.  Mr. Hugh Alexander MacDonald of Okanagan Mission passed  away on April 26, 1959 at the age of 95. Born in Prince Edward  Island, he spent his early years on sailing vessels and lived in Boston,  Mass., where he became prominent in athletic circles, being judged  the best all-round athlete in Massachusetts at the age of 32.  Coming west in 1905, he settled in Seattle, Wash., where he  engaged in construction work on the coast, including the erection of  the large original cold storage plant at Prince Rupert. Later he moved  to Vancouver, B.C., and built many homes in that vicinity.  Due to ill-health he retired in 1920 and settled at Okanagan  Mission, where he took much interest in the work of the Farmers'  Institute, and was instrumental in obtaining the introduction of elect-  trie light in the district. His home was named "Green Gables" after  the valley near his birthplace immortalised by L. M. Montgomery in  "Anne of Green Gables."  Mrs.   MacDonald   pre-deceased   in    1944.   Two   sons   and   one  (102) We Will Remember Them  daughter (Mrs. A. McClymont, long-time Principal of Okanagan  Mission School), survive.  John M. Thomas of Okanagan Falls died last July, having been  a resident of that community since his arrival in June, 1898, to work  as foreman for Thomas Ellis on what was then known as the "Dog  Lake Ellis Ranch."  He later purchased the Mandalay Ranch on the benches east of  the townsite and lived there till 1920, when he returned to Okanagan  Falls and bought the original Dog Lake Ellis Ranch. In the fall of  that year he built the large house which has since been his home.  Known for his witty retorts and kindly disposition, Mr. Thomas  was a hard worker and one of the best stock men in the Valley. He  lived to see his sons form a company called "Thomas Ranches", which  repurchased Mandalay Ranch and took over Dog Lake Ellis and other  holdings.  He is survived by his wife, Ethel, four sons and three daughters,  also eleven grandchildren. A total of 5 1 relatives attended the funeral,  the largest ever held in Okanagan Falls.—Adapted from Penticton  Herald, July 25,   1959.  Funeral services for a former Fairview pioneer, Mrs. Evelyn  Graham, were conducted at Oliver on August 3rd, 1959. Born in  Spokane in 1878, she settled with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. John  Prather and several brothers and sisters in the White Lake district  north of the old Fairview townsite.  She is survived by one son, Lester (Bill) Graham of Island Road,  Oliver, and a sister, Mrs. D. W. Burns of Keremeos. Her husband,  Josiah Graham, predeceased in 1937, having been for many years road  foreman in the Myers Flat area.  Interment was in Ocean View, Vancouver.  Charles Ernest Snyder passed away in Penticton hospital at the age  of 87. Born in Denver, Colorado, he first came to the Okanagan  about 1888 with his father, L. J. Snyder, who was well known in the  Boundary, Fairview and Camp McKinney districts as a peddler of  fruit, vegetables and other commodities for the miners.   '  Charlie Snyder hauled the first load of ore into the smelter at  Trail from the Le Roi mine at Rossland, using sleighs and dumping  the ore on the ground. In 1897 he hauled out of Okanagan Falls to  Camp McKinney and Fairview for Charlie Myerhoff.  A broken hip suffered during his freighting days gave him increasing trouble and for his last three years confined him to a wheel chair.  He   is   survived   by   one   daughter,   Amelia,   in   San   Francisco,   two  (103) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  grandchildren and four great-grandchildren. Interment was in  Penticton Lake View cemetery.  William Tupper "Jock" Cameron died in Vernon Jubilee Hospital  on October 6 at the age of 79. He was a retired orchardist and rancher  who had lived in the BX district since 1919 and was an authority on  horses.  Born in Malta, he was the son of Major-General Cameron, onetime Commandant of the Royal Military College in Kingston, and  also Commissioner-in-charge of the Canada-U.S.A. commission set up  to locate and mark the line along the 49th parallel of latitude between  the Lake of the Woods and the Rocky Mountains.  His mother was the only daughter of Sir Charles Tupper, one of  the "Fathers of Confederation" and a Prime Minister of Canada.  He studied medicine at Edinburgh, and was wounded in the Boer  War, after which, as a mounted policeman in Natal, he took part in  the suppression of the Zulu rebellion. Later he managed a gold-mining  business in Rhodesia, leaving that position to enlist in the cavalry  during the first World War. Subsequently he fought in German  South-West Africa, Australia, Egypt, France and Belgium. He held  a commission in the Australian First. Division.  He married Ethel Maud Roberts of Hobart, Tasmania, and  brought her to the BX district in 1919. She and two sons, all in  Vernon, survive.  His activities here included the following: trustee of Vernon  Irrigation District, director Vernon Fruit Union, chairman Vernon  Local of the B.C.F.G.A., secretary Overseas League, president  Interior Exhibition Association of Armstrong, and long service in  connection  with associations  dealing with horses.  O.H.S. members will be interested to learn that Mr. Guy P.  Bagnall, Treasurer of our society, saw service with Mr. Cameron in  the South African War and later in Natal.  William Barrington Haynes, 80, died recently in Penticton. He  was the younger son of Judge Haynes of Osoyoos, and at one time  acted as Provincial Policeman at Hedley. A full statement, promised  for this Report, had not been received at the time of going to press.  Frank Morgan Buckland was born in Guelph, Ontario, in 1873.  At the age of nine he moved with his father to Manitoba and as a  young man engaged in farming till coming to Kelowna in 1904. Here  he was for five years in partnership with the late D. W. Crowley in  a butcher and cattle-dealing business, eventually selling out to the  Burns organisation. During World War I he operated a cattle ranch  (104) We Will Remember Them  at Shingle Creek, west of Penticton, and later owned a large orchard  in the Rutland district.  For some years he was president of Morrison Hardware Co.,  which also held the Ford agency for cars and tractors. He was the  first to introduce the tractor into the Kelowna district. Later he  managed Highland Fruits, Ltd., which ultimately amalgamated with  Okanagan Packers.  His social and civic activities included the following—Charter  member and President Kelowna Rotary Club, representing the district  at the 1937 convention at Nice, France; city alderman (four years);  school trustee; president of the Board of Trade; Kelowna Hospital  Society;  Kelowna Fire Brigade;  United Church.  He married Maude Secord in 1898. She pre-deceased in 1942, as  did a daughter, Frances, in 1917. Three sons, Jack, Doug and Charles  live in Kelowna and district.  He was co-founder with L. Norris of Vernon, of "The Okanagan  Historical and Natural History Society in 1925. (The two sections  separated in 1936.) He was the major contributor to the Society's  first Report in 1926, and throughout the remainder of his life it was  rare to find his name missing from the list of contents in any report.  His collection of Indian relics, stuffed animals and birds, coins, and  other items of historical value formed the nucleus of the present  Okanagan Museum on Mill Street.  The results of his painstaking research in Okanagan history  were organised into book form as "Ogopogo's Vigil", copyrighted in  1948. Only a few copies are extant. Roads were among his favorite  projects, but he never lived to see the completion of either of the  two he advocated most, viz., the cut-off between Peachland and  Princeton  and  the  Naramata  Road.  He passed away on Tuesday, Sept. 15, 1953. An editorial in the  Kelowna Courier at the time closed with these words—"His writings  will be his memorial".  (105) EARLY REAL ESTATE BUSINESS  Vernon, B.C., February 23,  1893.  Wm. W. Fallow, Esq.  334 Carlton Street, Winnipeg,  Man.  Dear Sir:  Your letter of the 17th inst. has been handed to me by the  Government Agent of this district to reply to.  With regard to its agricultural capacity the land is as good as any  as can be found for the growth of cereals, especially in the Spallumcheen Valley (now incorporated as a Municipality). At a test last  summer, in the Columbia Flouring Mills (capacity over 120 barrels  per day, at Enderby, one lot averaged over 66 lbs, to the bushel, while  the average of wheat grown was over 60 lbs. Barley also grows well,  and there is a large brewery in operation at Vernon, and there is a  ready market at the Coast for this cereal.  With regard to fruits, the growing of which on a large scale is  still in its infancy but the erecting of a large cannery in this city by  the Earl of Aberdeen, who has large estates in the neighbourhood, has  given the planting of fruit trees a big impetus and many ranchers are  putting in considerable acreage this year. The planting of small fruits  around the town for canning is going to be very considerable.  The few orchards already planted show that fruit can be grown  in large quantities and of excellent quality, while the surrounding  years prices have been against the producers.  With regard to prices, I have ranches for sale from $10 per acre  upwards, but not many of that figure. I have also for sale, for fruit  raising, tracts of land ranging from 10 to 40 acres, adjoining the  town, prices from $25 upwards. These lands are suitable for hops,  which grow very prolifically in this district.  I may state that Lord Aberdeen has an orchard of over 100  acres besides a large acreage in hops and is still adding to them. He  has also subdivided part of his estate about \y2 miles from the town,  for which property I am the local agent.  As I have been a resident in B.C. over 15 years, and in this district  about 8 years I can speak from experience and should strongly advise  your coming here to look over this country, if not to buy, as I think  you will be amply repaid by the beauty of the country and its unexampled growth. The climate also is excellent, although this winter has  been a little bit hard. With regard to government land, all that is  accessible to the railway and waggon roads has long since been taken.  I am  Youths faithfully,  C. F. COSTERTON.  (106) population   principal \~Jkanagan \siti  es  We have many times wished we could place before our readers  an authentic report on the population of our Okanagan cities, showing  their amazing though well ordered growth in less than a century of  time: We have therefore completed a little research, with the following results:  From the official census figures supplied to us from Ottawa, we  quote:  Population Figures  Census year 1891   1901   1911   1921   1931   1941     1951     1956  Kelowna      *        *    1663 2520 4655  5118    8517    9181  Estimated  _.__    —    800  Penticton          ******     10548   11894  Estimated  ____    —      50    500 4000 4600 5743  Vernon      *      802 2671  3685  3937  5209    7822    8998  Estimated ____  700  (*) The asterisk indicates population of this community (as such) was  not included in report of Dominion Bureau of Statistics for that year.  Note No.   1.  Kelowna: City  Clerk's office  was unable  to supply  population  figures  for the city  of  Kelowna  for  the  20  year period  1891 to 1911 inclusive, but has given the number of persons registered  on the civic voters' list as follows:  Year 1906  _  208       By multiplying these Estimate     832  1907   266        figures by four we arrive 1064  1908 369       at an approximate but very 1476  1909 ____ 348       acceptable result. 1392  1910 ___.  380 1520  1911 ____ 418 1672  Note No.   2.   Penticton:  This  city  has  no   official  record   of  its  population figures prior to the Dominion Bureau of Statistics report on  the 1951 census and has referred us to their 50th Anniversary Historical Souvenir, where on page 131 will be found both actual and  estimated figures for the period under review.  Note No. 3. Vernon: Authorities in the northern city are unable  to supply any authoritative statistics conerning population prior to the  year 1901. From another source we learn that the early police records:  are missing from the city archives.—It will be recalled that in early  days it was customary for the police to maintain a population record.  The figure given for the year 1891 has been taken from Orchards  Guide, and is without further documentation.  A comparison of these population figures will be of interest when.  (107) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  the area of the community is taken into consideration. Each of these  cities is strategically located at the centre of an irrigation district where  the rural population tends to be dense, we have therefore turned to  the Regional Industrial Index of British Columbia, 1954 edition,  for the dates of incorporation, the acreage of the city and the acreage  of the area aligned with the respective city for industrial purposes:  Date of Size of surrounding area  City Incorporation     Area of city       for industrial purposes  Kelowna         1905 1525  Acres 1130  Sq.   Miles  Penticton 1948 7000  Acres 802  Sq.   Miles  Vernon 1892 2200 Acres 2085  Sq.  Miles  Population Drifts  Transportation in the Okanagan has been a vital factor in influencing the population movements. Vernon was the supply and distribution  centre for a large area until the Canadian National Railways built  into Kelowna and made it their terminus for their Okanagan Branch  and extended a Branch line from Vernon east to Lumby. From then  on these communities became supply and distribution centres in their  own right, and grew rapidly, as the census figures show. Penticton's  turn came with the arrival of the first Kettle Valley Railway train  in the year 1911 and the creation of a railway divisional point in  their city.  Withdrawal of the picturesque stern wheel lake vessels came as  a gradual change, or evolution, in method of transport which had  little effect on the volume of traffic, and so came the automobile, the  truck and the bus, to be followed by planes and helicopters, giving  additional speed to both passengers and freight, but not adding to their  volume.  Changing Pattern of Life  The early hotels, by and large, have given place to more modern  structures but the patronage has not increased, relatively, over the years.  Motels have come upon the scene and commercial and other travellers  are quite generally motorized and are accommodated in motels. The  flow of tourists has turned to motor vehicles in a big way but conducted tours continue to use the hotels. There are many more conventions than formerly and these, too, make good use of hotel facilities.  In the towns and cities of today many of the residents who  formerly lived in modest homes near their place of business now find  their residence a few miles out of town, preferably by a lake or stream,  where the amenities of life compare favorably with the best the city  has to offer. G. P. Bagnall.  (108) £lsarlg ^JLJags   >^>y  <-JVelo  ^Arnd ^District  J. Percy Clement  wna  It is not definite y known who the first white man was to enter  the Okanagan Valley. Several stories have come down to us that  presumably point to the arrival of very early travellers in the district.  The late Frank Buckland mentions in his "Ogopogo's Vigil, a History  of Kelowna and District" that when Isadore Bouchier was clearing  land beside a creek in the Rutland district in 1862, he uncovered the  remains of a building about forty by eighty feet. The cedar logs of  which it had been constructed showed signs of having been cut and  shaped with metal tools. At the time, it was thought that this place had  been used by some early explorers, possibly Spaniards from Mexico, as  winter quarters. However no written record of any such expedition  has been preserved.  A very old Indian living at the head of Okanagan Lake in the  1880's told that, as a boy, he had accompanied the tribe on one of their  annual fishing expeditions to Osoyoos Lake in 1804, and saw his first  white man where Penticton is now. If the date is correct, this person,  too, could have been from Mex;co, or possibly a member of the Lewis  and Clark expedition, who had left the main body and strayed this  far north.  The first white men who actually settled for any length of time  in the Okanagan country, were probably two Jesuit Fathers, one of  whom was Father Nobili, who built a log cabin by a small stream, on  what is now an Indian reserve at the north end of the lake. This cabin,  then in ruins, was there when Luc. Girouard passed that way in 1860.  It is thought that these missionaries came into the country around the  middle 1840's. From information supplied Mr. Girouard by the  Indians it appears they remained two or three years, during which  time they built up quite a herd of cattle. Chief Nicola, after whom  the Nicola country was named, objected to their presence and undertook to drive them out, and take possession of their stock. The Jesuits  possessed fire-arms while the Indians had none, so Nicola, claiming  to be invulnerable, defied the missionaries to shoot him. The two priests  facing several hundred natives showed such bravery and coolness, that  they were allowed to leave the country unharmed, and take their  cattle with them. Thus ended an early endeavor to establish a mission  at the head of Okanagan Lake.  (109) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  The first definite record we have of white men visiting the  Okanagan is when David Stuart, working for thf= Pacific Fur Co., or  Astorians, founded by John Jacob Astor, establ shed a trading post  which he named Fort Okanagan, on the Okanag.n River, near where  it joins the Columbia, in the summer of 1811. Ir the autumn of that  year, heading a small party, he went north ak ig Okanagan River  and the chain of lakes now known as Osoyoos, Vaseaux and Skaha, to  where Penticton is today. From there he proceeded along an Indian  trail on the west side of Okanagan Lake, opposite the present site of  the city of Kelowna, to the northern end of the lake and on to the land  of the Shewaps (Shuswaps), east of the present city of Kamloops.  Winter set in, and deep snow preventing his immediate return, he  spent some time with friendly Indians in that vicinity. However, about  the end of February Stuart and party started their return journey and  arrived back at Fort Okanagan in March,  1812.  Then in May, 1812, Alexander Ross, a man named Boullard  and an Indian, with a number of saddle and pack horses, left P'ort  Okanagan on a trading expedition, to the land of the Shewaps. In  the same year David Stuart, with a stock of goods from the coast,  opened a trading post where Kamloops is today. Early in 1813 Ross  returned along the Okanagan Lake trail to Fort Okanagan with a  large supply of furs secured by barter from the Indians. Thus was a  trade route established by the Pacific Fur Co. between the two great  rivers, Columbia and Fraser.  At that time three rival companies were competing for the fur  trade in territory, both south and north of what later became the  boundary line between the U.S.A. and Canada. They were the  Hudson's Bay Co., trading mostly around Hudson Bay, the Pacific  Fur Co., founded by John Jacob Astor, with trading posts at Astoria,  Fort Okanagan and Kamloops, and the North West Co., or Nor-  Westers. The latter's head office was in Montreal with a great depot  at Fort William, near the western end of Lake Superior. They were  particularly aggressive and extended their operations across the western  prairies and through the Rockies, opening trading posts at several  strategic locations.  In September, 1813, while Great Britain and the U.S.A. were at  war, a flotilla of ten large canoes, manned by seventy-five Nor-  Westers, came down the Columbia River to Astoria and bought out  the Pacific Fur Co. for $80,000. The American flag was lowered  and replaced by the Union Jack. This gave the Nor-Westers control  over practically all of the territory  between  California and Alaska.  (110) Early Days of Kelowna  With the signing of the Treaty of Ghent at the end of the war in  1814, Astoria was restored to the Americans. However the Nor-  Westers continued in control of the fur trade in what is now the  states of Washington and Oregon. Besides the trading posts at Fort  Okanagan and Kamloops, which were included in the purchase from  the Pacific Fur Co. the Nor-Westers established others, principally at  Ft. St. James, Ft. George, Ft. Fraser and Ft. McLeod, in what later  became the Province of British Columbia.  During the succeeding years there was great rivalry for trade  between the Hudson's Bay Co. and the Nor-Westers, particularly in  that part of the prairies which later formed the provinces of Manitoba  and Saskatchewan. The struggle became so bitter that it developed  by 1816 to the point of armed conflict, in the unfortunate Battle of  Seven Oaks, at the site of the present city of Winnipeg. In this  encounter, Governor Semple of the Hudson's Bay Co. with twenty-one  of his followers and one Nor-Wester were killed. Competition continued until both companies were so nearly exhausted that there was  grave danger of their ending in the condition of the Kilkenny cats,  with possibly not even the tails remaining. In 1821, a compromise  was. reached and the two companies joined forces, continuing under  the banner of the Hudson's Bay Co. This gave the new company  control of a vast empire extending from Lake Superior and Hudson  Bay, westward to the Pacific Ocean and north to the Arctic.  In 1825 the company established a great trading post at Vancouver,  on the Columbia River, opposite the site of the present city of Portland.  This post, by the way, was retained by the Hudson's Bay Co. until  1860, when it was abandoned. Merchandise for trade with the  Indians in exchange for furs, was brought by sailing ships, around  the Horn, up the west coast to Fort Vancouver. To transport these  goods to their trading posts farther north, the company in 1826  organized the Okanagan Fur Brigade, often consisting of as many  as three hundred horses with necessary packers, cooks, hunters, etc.  The route followed, in part, that taken by David Stuart when he  explored the country in 1811. It passed along the west shore of  Okanagan Lake, opposite the present city of Kelowna, on the way  to Kamloops.  One is led to think that many members of those brigades took  notice of the great stretch of level country on the east side of the  lake, around what is now Kelowna, and probably thought of the  possibility of developing home sites in that area, for that is what  several of them did, many years later.  (Ill) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  A couple of expert hunters preceded the main brigade to select  the next camping spot, where water and pasture for the horses was  plentiful, and to provide fresh meat for the men. It must have been  an interesting sight to see the long line of heavily laden pack horses  and mounted attendants wending its way along the narrow trail.  Leading the cavalcade rode the chief trader or factor, wearing his  tall beaver hat, and dressed in broadcloth and white shirt with high  collar. This outfit was worn to impress not only the native Indians  but also his own followers. No doubt both his fine broadcloth and  white shirt suffered considerably in the heat and dust of the trail.  This route, until 1846, was the only way for goods to be brought  in and furs to be taken out of the country. In that year the boundary  line between the U.S.A. and Canada was established at the forty-ninth  parallel and the brigade trail was abandoned in 1847. The following  year a new trail was opened between Kamloops, Hope and Fort  Langley.  Several years after the international boundary was established, the  Hudson's Bay Co. abandoned Fort Okanagan and moved the merchandise to two new posts, one at Keremeos and the other at Osoyoos.  The former post was shortly afterwards transferred to Frank Richter  and the latter to Theodore Kruger, both of whom continued to operate  them for many years thereafter.  Better means of communication between the Kootenay, Okanagan  and Boundary districts and the Pacific coast were urgently needed.  To this end in 1860, Edgar Dewdney was commissioned by Governor  Douglas of the recently formed Crown Colony of British Columbia,  to open a road between Fort Hope and the Kootenay. Associated with  Mr. Dewdney in the undertaking was Walter Moberly, a young and  very competent engineer. Only a portion of the road was suitable  for wagon travel, the rest being fit for pack horses or mules. However,  such as it was, it served for many years as a connecting link between  the coast and settlements of the southern interior of the province.  This brings our account to the movements of Father Pandosy,  who between the years 1847 and 1855 had been conducting a mission  of the Oblate Fathers, to the Indians at Yakima in American territory.  In the year 1855 many of the native tribes took up arms against the  Americans, with the trouble apparently centering around Yakima.  On Oct. 30, 1855, Major Raines left the Dalles with a force of  700 mounted regulars and volunteers under orders to proceed to Father  Pandosy's mission, between sixty and seventy miles distant to the  north   east.   Upon  his arrival   there   Major  Raines   found   the  place  (112) Early Days of Kelowna  deserted and the buildings plundered by the rebellious Indians. The  only things left about the place were a herd of hungry pigs and some  potatoes and cabbages in the garden. To prevent its falling into the  hands of the Indians, Father Pandosy had buried a part keg of  gunpowder in his garden and when the soldiers were helping themselves to the vegetables, one of them discovered the powder and  foolishly surmised that it had been left there for the Indians. Before  the officers could prevent them, the men in their anger, set fire to and  completely destroyed the mission buildings.  In the meantime, Fathers Pandosy and Durien had fled towards  the north east and after eight days of difficult travelling along the  banks of the Columbia arrived at Colville, where they were hospitably  received by the Jesuit Fathers. Here they remained until the first fires  of the war had been smothered. They then returned to their old  mission, only to find the buildings destroyed and their Christian  converts scattered in every direction. While there, the two fathers  had to continually face insults from Indians and threats by the  Americans, who still blamed Father Pandosy for favoring the  Indians. Finding it impossible to re-establish his mission to the Yakimas,  Father Pandosy returned again to the Jesuit Mission of Coeur d'Alene  at Colville, to await instructions from his superiors, while Father  Durien sought safety at Olympia. In the summer of 1856 Pandosy  was invited bv Col. Wright to join his camp as interpreter and army  chaplain. Apparently he retained this position through the winter of  1856-57 and the following winter he was again at the old mission  of the Coeur d'Alene operated by the Jesuit Brothers. While here it  appears that word reached him from the Superior of the Oblates,  to proceed to the Okanagan Valley in British Columbia, to pave the  way for the founding of a mission there. Apparently Father Pandosy  spent the winter of 1858-59 on Vancouver Island, in preparation for  opening his mission the following summer. Father Pierre Richard  and Brother Surel went to Fort Hope on the Fraser in August, 1859,  to procure horses to transport supplies required for the new mission.  Unable to secure them there, Father Richard journeyed to Kamloops,  where horses were available, and then to Fort Hope, where Brother  Surel was waiting with their baggage, In the meantime, Father  Pandosy had gone back to the Jesuit Mission of Coeur d'Alene at  Colville, in an endeavor to assemble a group of people, willing to  accompany him to the country, at the time named "L'Anse au Sable,"  meaning "The Cove of Sand", on the eastern shore of Okanagan  Lake, about midway between its northern and southern ends.  (113) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  Leaving Colville in the autumn of 1859, Father Pandosy  accompanied by Cyprian Laurence and wife Teresa, his brother  Theodore, a Flathead Indian and wife and Wm. Pion, crossed the  international boundary into British Columbia and proceeded north  along a chain of lakes and Okanagan River to about where the city  of Penticton is now located.  There is some uncertainty as to what route the party took, from  the south end of Lake Okanagan, to the spot in the valley at which  they planned to settle. Both Frank M. Buckland and Denys Nelson,  who did considerable research work in this connection, claim the  group followed an old Indian trail, northward through Big Canyon  on the east side of the lake, crossed the stream now known as Mission  Creek and on. to what was for many years called Duck Lake, but now  officially named Ellison Lake.  These two writers state that Father Pandosy and Father Pierre  Richard met at L'Anse au Sable, a name applied to Mission Creek  and surrounding district. However, Rev. Thomas P. Freney, who has  recently done much research work regarding the establishment of the  Oblate Fathers' mission in the Okanagan, has established the fact  that the two missionaries met by pre-arrangement at the west side  of the lake, opposite Kelowna on Oct. 9, 1859. It is therefore  possible that Father Pandosy and party followed the much easier  Hudson's Bay Brigade Trail, instead of the very rough one through  Big Canyon, from the south to the meeting place with Father Richard  and then crossed the lake at that point, to the eastern side. Or Father  Pandosy could have come from Duck Lake and crossed over to meet  Father Richard. Unfortunately there seems to be very little written  at that time detailing the movements of Father Pandosy. However,  it is of little consequence how the meeting was accomplished; the  fact stands that the two missionaries met and founded a mission and  school in the Okanagan, which did splendid work among the Indians  and early white settlers.  Brother Surel had been left at Hope, to attend to their eleven  horses and supplies, to be taken into the Okanagan country. When he  left there, he probably took his pack train to Kamloops, thence along  the old Brigade Trail to the north end of Lake Okanagan and from  there by an Indian trail down the valley to Father Pandosy at Duck  Lake. Accompanying him into the district was young Louis Falardeaux,  who had worked for the Hudson's Bay Co., and later was a great  help in hewing and shaping the logs used to construct the mission  buildings.  (114) Early Days of Kelowna  Delighted with the appearance of this district, Father Pandosy  decided to establish his mission here. A couple of white men, the  Parsons Bros, had squatted near by and several years later sold their  rights to Frederick Brent.  Summer had slipped away when they arrived at Duck Lake, and  the days were short, with a tang of fall in the air, and trees and shrubs  were shedding their foliage. The cottonwoods stood like flaming  torches, or golden minarets and steeples, reflecting the autumn sun.  Possibly, as Father Pandosy gazed upon these, they were, to him, a  symbol of the torch of truth he was bringing to the Valley to brighten  the lives of the poor natives.  The party remained at the Duck Lake location, apparently housed  in tents, for the winter, which was particularly cold, with deep snow.  A shortage of provisions and the absence of game forced them to kill  their horses for food and to* eat dried berries, roots and moss to sustain  life. In the spring of 1860 they moved to a small hill in a beautiful  sunny location, lying between Dry Creek and the present Rutland  station near an Indian rancherie, where they remained all summer.  This however, was not to be their permanent abode, for by fall,  we find them building a mission house, a small church and school of  log construction, a few miles farther south, near a large stream,  afterwards named Mission Creek. This was the first permanent white  settlement in the Okanagan Valley.  When Father Pandosy established the Mission of the Immaculate  Conception, there were about 2500 Indians in this part of the interior,  with Nicola, after whom the Nicola country was named, as their  chief and sub-chiefs at the head of Okanagan Lake, Westbank,  Penticton, etc. When a smallpox epidemic was raging among natives  south of the .international boundary and along the Coast, Father  Pandosy vaccinated several thousand of them in the valley, thus  preventing a spread of the dreaded disease.  Father Pandosy was a remarkable man, born near Marseilles in  France in 1824, and his father, a barrister, was able to provide the  luxuries of life for his family. He received a splendid education and  musical training, but a life of this sort did not appeal to him and  he came to America and devoted his life to Christianizing, educating  and training the native Indians in husbandry. Often he and those  associated with him in this work, had little food or clothing and  many times in summer they were seen working about the mission or  trudging along rough trails, on some errand of mercy, barefooted  and  bareheaded.   However,   despite hardships,  by   1863  we   find  the  (115) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  mission prospering, with quite a herd of cattle on their range and  many acres in wheat, barley, potatoes and other vegetables, as well  as a small orchard and plot of tobacco.  At that time and for many years thereafter that part of the  Okanagan country, extending from Long Lake (now Kalamalka) in  the north, to the mountains south of Mission Creek was known as the  Mission Valley.  A number of families, notablv Wm. Pion, John McDougall,  Isadore Bouchier, Joseph Christien, Eli Lequime, Cyprian Laurence  and his brother Theodore, had settled in the Mission Valley in the  early 1860's. A few other settlers came in during the following years,  but settlement was slow, largely on account of the lack of a suitable  road to the outside markets.  In those early years there were practically no roads, only narrow  trails, in most parts of the valley, so late in 1875 the provincial  government called for tenders to build a wagon road from the  Catholic Mission in the south to O'Keefe's Ranch at the northern  end of Okanagan Lake. Philip Parke was the successful bidder, for a  price of $23,000, and by the fall of 1876 the entire road for a  length of thirty-eight miles was completed. It ran from the Mission  north to Long (Kalamalka) Lake where it climbed to a high ridge  of land separating Long and Okanagan Lakes. Following this height  of land for several miles it then ran down a steep decline to Priest's  Valley, where the city of Vernon is today, and from there to O'Keefe's.  There were no power driven tools or machines in use at that time,  and the task of constructing the road was accomplished by men with  hand tools and horse drawn wagons and scrapers. Altogether there  were eleven fourteen-foot wide wooden bridges to build, with a  combined length of 543 feet, as well as considerable " rock blasting,  which had to be hand drilled. Eighteen miles of forest had to be  cleared to a width of thirty feet and over 300 feet of corduroy laid.  A considerable amount of cribbing and walling was necessary, while  the entire length of thirty-eight miles was graded to a width of  eighteen feet and ditched on both sides.  (Note—These figures were all taken from the annual report of  the Department of Public Works,  for the year 1876.)  When completed, the road was pronounced the best on the B.C.  Mainland. Granted that the finished product was far from equalling  today's standards, it is surprising that the road was pushed through  in the short time and at such a low cost as it was.  This road proved a great boon to the early inhabitants,  in that  (116) Early Days of Kelowna  it opened a way for them to move the products of their farms to  outside points. At that time a steamboat was operating on the Spallumcheen River, and later a stage line was opened to Cache Creek, thereby  giving the people of the Okanagan access to the Cariboo country.  Th C.P.R. main line to the coast was still some ten years in the future.  During the great gold rush on the Fraser, in 1859, Mr. and Mrs.  Eli Lequime and two-year-old son, Bernard, came up to British  Columbia from California. After a year of mining on the Fraser,  they spent a short time at Fort Hope, where a second son, Gaston,  was born in 1860. Mr. and Mrs. Lequime, with their belongings and  two small children, walked the trail from Hope to Rock Creek on  the Kettle River, where rich placer ground had been discovered. Here  they operated a store and saloon and while here their baby fell into a  miner's ditch and was drowned. Another son was born there, whom  they also named Gaston. This gold deposit was soon exhausted, and  the two adventurers hearing favorable reports of the Okanagan  Mission district, decided to try their fortunes there. In the fall of  1861 we find them again on the trail. With their worldly goods  packed on a horse and the two small children, Bernard and Gaston,  mounted on a cow, they trudged along the rough trail to the Pandosy  mission. They secured a tract of choice land close by the Mission, to  which they later added, until they owned a very large acreage, upon  which several hundred cattle and horses were pastured. Two more  children were born here, a daughter Aminade in 1866, and a son  Leon in 1870.  During the following years, the Lequime family played a very  important role in the history of the valley. Eli Lequime and his wife,  Marie Louise, opened a general store and hotel near the Roman  Catholic Mission. This was at that time the only trading post between  Kamloops and Osoyoos. All of their goods were packed in over the  Dewdney trail from Hope, the connecting link with the coast, and it  required eight days to make the trip from there to the Okanagan  Mission. It was a common occurrence in summer to see a pack train  of thirty or forty horses or mules, carrying their merchandise. Each  horse or mule carried a load of about 200 pounds and usually made  three or four trips per summer. The first piano, billiard table and  horse drawn mower, as well as many other heavy articles came into  the valley that way.  Their hotel was a very popular stopping place, during the winter  months, for placer gold miners, who had worked along the various  streams in the summer. When Okanagan Mission post office opened  (117) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  in 1872, Eli Lequime was appointed postmaster and it remained in.  this location until thirty-four years later, when it was moved to its.  present site, on the lake front, several miles farther south.  A flour mill using stone grinders was built near his store in 1885,.  by Mr. Lequime, the motive power being supplied by an overshot  water wheel near Mission Creek. In 1888 Mr. and Mrs. Lequime,.  having sold all of their enterprises to their sons, Bernard and Leon,,  left the valley for retirement in California.  During the thirty years following the establishment of Father  Pandosy's Mission, quite a number of new settlers arrived and  acquired holdings of land, running from a few hundred to many  thousands of acres. Most of them built substantial houses and outbuildings of logs and following the example of Father Pandosy,.  planted, besides vegetable gardens, a few apple and other  fruit trees.  Owing to transportation difficulties, these settlers went in mostly  for raising cattle and horses, which, on account of the mild climate,  ran on the open ranges for most of the year. For a short time in  mid-winter the ranchers, having put up great stacks of hay on the  lower levels, brought in their stock from the higher snow-covered  ranges and fed them in the open. By the late 1880's there were  around  6000  head of cattle  in  the   Mission  Valley.  A sawmill was operated by Bernard and Leon Lequime, on the  shore of Okanagan Lake, near the Mission, and their lumber found  a ready market throughout the valley. Early in 1891, Leon sold his  interest in the mill to P. J. Gooding.  In the fall of 1890 G. G. Mackay, of Vancouver, bought for  Lord Aberdeen the 480 acre ranch (later named the Guisachan) from  John McDougall, adjoining the Lequime property at the Mission, for  $10,000. Mr. Mackay was a man of great energy and saw, with what  might be called prophetic vision, the possibilities of the valley as a  great fruit growing district. To this end he bought the ranches of  Thos. Ellis, consisting of 3000 acres, Joseph Christien's 320 acres,  Alphonse Lefevre's and Dan Nicholson's of 800 acres each, which he  proceeded to survey into small holdings of ten to forty acres each.  For several months he ran full page ads in the Vernon News, and  smaller ones in Vancouver papers, over the name Okanagan Land  and Development Co. Ltd., telling of the great opportunities for  fruit growing in  the  Mission  Valley.  In the fall of 1891 he laid out the townsite of Benvoulin, on the  Vernon-Mission Road, about two miles north of Okanagan Mission.  The  following names were given  to the streets of the new  town:  (118) Early Days of Kelowna  Gordon (main road to the Mission), Haddo, (road leading to the  Guisachan) Ellis, Hope and Yale (to those running through the  adjoining acre property) and Alphonse, Houghton, Corvell, Burnyeat  .and Caroline Avenues and Park Street. He also let the contract for  building a hotel at the new townsite to Messrs. Crowell and Holland,  of Vernon. It was a rustic looking structure of two and a half  stories, somewhat in the Elizabethan style, completed in June of  1892, and sold to Dan Nicholson (for $4,000) who opened it for  business in August of the same: year. In connection with the hotel, Mr.  Nicholson ran a free bus, to connect with the S.S. Penticton at the  wharf on Okanagan Lake.  With the object of establishing a Presbyterian Church in the  valley, a meeting was held in' November 1891, at which Messrs.  Eustace Smith, Robert Munson and F. J. Watson were chosen trustees.  Tenders were called for the erection of a suitable building at Benvoulin and the contract was awarded to H. W. Raymer, a recent  arrival, who during the following twenty-five years was responsible  for many of the finest buildings in the valley. In the Vernon News  of Sept. 15, 1892, we find this item—"The new Presbyterian Church  at the Mission (Benvoulin), which has just been completed and  which owes its existence to the liberal donations of Lord and Lady  Aberdeen, was formally opened and dedicated by Rev. Mr. Somerville of Glasgow, a guest of Lord and Lady Aberdeen, at the  Guisachan." -  With the breaking up of several ranches into small holdings by  G. G. Mackay in 1891, quite a number of new settlers arrived. We  note a couple of interesting items in the Vernon News as follows:  Aug. 27, 1891, "Mr. Geo. C. Rose, M.A. of Aberdeen University,  arrived on his way to the Mission, where he will enter into fruit  culture extensively. He will reside in Dan. Nicholson's house, adjoining  which he has purchased 50 acres from G. G. Mackay."  Oct. 29, 1891, "Mr. E. M. Carruthers arrived from Vancouver  and left by stage for the Mission. He will remain at Munson's, with  the idea of engaging later in fruit culture."  From an article appearing in the Vernon News of Sept. 10, 1891,  by F. J. Watson, school teacher in the district, the following information regarding farms in the Mission Valley has been gathered:  "The Mission Valley situated about 30 miles south of Vernon,  has a frontage of about six miles on the east side of Okanagan Lake  and varies in width from four to eight miles.  "The Oblate Fathers at the Roman Catholic Mission are the oldest  (119) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  pioneers here, Father Pandosy (recently deceased) being the first white  man to settle on the east side of the lake. They established a mission  school for Indians, hence the name of the valley. They have some  fine land in grain, extensively engaged in stock raising, have already  a fine garden and orchard and have experimented successfully with  tobacco and hops.  "Next comes the property of Lequime Bros, who have the largest  herd of cattle and the most extensive tract of land in the valley with  frontage on the lake of several miles. They have also a general store,  hotel, post office, flour mill and a small orchard bearing excellent  fruit. Mr. Eli Lequime is one of the earliest pioneers, having brought  in his goods from Hope by pack train in 1861.  "Next to Lequime's we come to the old Christien ranch, lately  bought  by  G.   G.   Mackay.  This is all  bottom  land,   mostly  under  cultivation .   Mr.   Rob't.   Munson,   the   able   manager,   has   just  finished harvesting and haying, securing large crops. The orchard is  noted for its productiveness as well as its quality of fruit. The property  is close to school. Mr. Mackay has also bought Mr. A. Lefevre's ranch  near by on the new road. There is a neat house and young orchard on  the property . Both properties are being subdivided and extensively  advertised  for sale  in tracts to suit purchasers.  "Adjoining above but nearer the lake is the estate (The Guisachan)  owned by Lord Aberdeen. Since its purchase the ranch has undergone  a complete renovation, new fences, new buildings and a handsome  residence, almost ready for occupation." (Note—David Lloyd-Jones  had the contract for building house. A large irrigation ditch was dug  through the property, by which 600 inches of water were taken from  Mission Creek. J. P. C.) "It is the intention of the manager to go  extensively into fruit growing and several thousand trees will be set  out next spring. Mr. Conklin is a successful gardener as exhibits at  the approaching show will testify.  "After crossing the bridge on the new road, we come to another  of Mr. Mackay's recent purchases, the ranch known as 'Nicholson's/  noted for its heavy crops of hay and grain. It is admirably adapted  for mixed farming and commands a splendid view of the lake. Mr.  Kerby, C.E. is engaged in subdividing the property.  "Mr. A. B. Knox has one of the best farms at the Misson. It lies  nearer the lake than Nicholson's and contains over 300 acres of land  suitable for growing almost anything. He has a flourishing orchard  and a herd of about 300 cattle.  "Returning to the main road (Mission to Vernon. J. P. C.) we  (120) Early Days of Kelowna  pass the neat little (Benvoulin) school house, the Smithson place and  Mr. McDonald's, both excellent locations and then reach Mr. Fred  Brent's. Mr. Brent is one of our J.P's. and owns a ranch particularly  adapted for fruit growing, the soil not being so heavy as some."  Note—He also operated a flour mill, the motive power being  supplied by a water wheel operated by water from Mill Creek. This  creek also furnished water for irrigation purposes. Wheat for grinding  into flour was brought, mostly bv Indians on pack horses, from as far  south as Keremeos and Osoyoos and from the north end of Okanagan  Lake. The mill, which ground about one ton of flour per day, ran  from spring until the creek froze up in November. A few yards from  the old mill a stone cairn bearing a suitable plaque was erected in  1958 and dedicated on August 10 of that year. Mr. Brent had built  a number of small cabins near by for the convenience of his customers,  while waiting for their grain to be ground.  An advertisement which ran in the Vernon News during 1891  contained a cut of a medal "awarded Mr. Brent at the Antwerp  Exposition, 1883, for wheat grown on his land." In a space below this  cut Mr. Brent offered—"Clay Loam Wheat Land, for sale in  quantities to suit purchasers; Price $10 per acre. Also Pastoral Land  fenced and watered; Price $5 per acre; a stream of water runs  through the premises. Grist Mill in good order on the land.  For particulars address, F. Brent, J.P., Okanagan Mission, B.C.  Mr. Brent later sold this property to J. T. Davies, who in turn sold  to John Dilworth.  (J. P. C.)  "The next rancher is Mr. A. Lefevre who recently purchased  Mr. Boucherie's place, noted for its tremendous crops of hay. Mr.  Lefavre intends erecting a new residence and otherwise improving the  place. Near by is Mr. (John) Conroy who has a store as well as a  ranch. Passing Joseph Brent's, Mr. Bassette's, J. H. Morrison's and  Mr. Simpson's (all of whom are comfortably situated), we pull up  at Mr. Jos. Christien's who has one of the neatest residences in the  valley.  "Across the road lives Mr. Geo. Whelan, who has an excellent  farm and raises immense crops of hay, roots and grain. His orchard is  deserving of special mention. There are grapes, almonds, peaches and  other semi-tropical fruits, as well as all the hardier varieties. It is a  pleasure to walk through his well kept garden and sample the immense  melons, tomatoes, etc." Note—Besides the lower land Mr. Whelan  possessed a couple of thousand acres of higher range on which several  hundred head of stock found abundant pasture. He named his ranch  (121) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  (122) Early Days of Kelowna  Cloverdale, and later built what at that time was called 'a palatial  residence.' (J. P. C.)  "Mr. T. Jones has a splendid young orchard and garden, but land  seekers need not call here as Mr. Jones will not sell under any consideration. Mr. T Hereron, however, is willing to- dispose of either  his road-side property and house, or that farther back on the side-hill.  Mr. C. Balagno is going extensively into fruit and vegetable raising  for which he has excellent facilities, a large perennial spring supplying  abundance of water for irrigation. His melons and tomatoes were  amongst the earliest ripe, and his potatoes find a ready market in  Vernon.  "The Postill Bros, have a commodious residence and a large  ranch near Duck Lake (now Ellison. J. P. C). Their herd of cattle  is perhaps the largest in the valley. Mr. Wm. Postill lives in a neat  -cottage near Mr. Wood's. Mr. A. Postill is one of our magistrates.  They have gone into horse raising more extensively perhaps than any  ■other ranchers in the district.  "Mr. T. Wood, J.P. of Winfield, is the nearest settler to Vernon  and is comfortably situated near Long Lake (Kalamalka) on the east  side of which he owns considerable land, besides possessing a large  band of cattle." Note—Wood Lake was named for him. A strip of  land, varying from 600 feet to a half mile in width, with a portion of  the sloping bench immediately west separates the two lakes and is  known as the 'railroad.' It possibly received this name from itss fancied  resemblance to a railway line, when viewed from a distance. In the  annual report of the Department of Public Works for the year 1876,  •dealing with the construction of the wagon road from Okanagan  Mission to O'Keefe's, this strip of land is called the 'railway'. As this  was many years before any railway existed in western Canada, the  above explanation could be the correct one. Many years later when  the Canadian National Railway built a line into Kelowna, they used  this strip of land to cross from the east side of the valley. A small  stream connecting these two lakes was widened to form a canal in  1910, thereby permitting the passage of small steamers or tug boats  with barges from one lake to the other.  The first private telephone line in the interior of B.C. was  completed in 1891, connecting the residences of Alfred Postill and  Thos. Wood, on the Vernon Mission road. It was a little over five  miles in length, costing the owners $55 per mile and built on their  own property, east of Duck Lake.  A road branched off from the Vernon  Mission road near here to  (123) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  a narrow valley to the west, known as Dry Valley. This shortened  the distance from Vernon to the Mission by about six miles and was  often called the 'short cut'. On account of an absence of water it was  not successful as a farming district. However, in later years, "water was  piped from a distance and it became one of the most properous  communities, now known as Glenmore.  During the summer of 1891, work on the Shuswap and Okanagan  Railway, which branched from the C.P.R. main line at Sicamous, and  under lease to that company, was progressing well and it opened for  traffic in the fall of that year. The lake terminus was officially named  Okanagan Landing by the C.P.R. and a two-stall round house, a  freight warehouse, a twenty-three by one hundred feet substantial  wharf constructed. The old Indian name for the arm of the lake  where the railwav terminates,  is Incampolux,  meaning clear water.  Two small passenger and freight steamboats, the "Penticton",  owned by Capt. Shorts and Thos. Ellis, and the "Okanagan", owned  by Gillis and Dow, ran between Okanagan Landing and Penticton,  calling at the Mission wharf and Trout Creek on the way. Their  Schedule must have been somewhat irregular, as a traveller writing in  the News Advertiser of Vancouver at the time, described it as "semi-  occasionally."  A short item appeared in the Vernon News as follows: "Some  people think that Okanagan Mission is quite out of the world, but it  takes only two days to reach Victoria and same to return, so there is  little cause to complain. The S.S. Penticton makes close connection  at Okanagan Landing with trains from Sicamous."  Many complaints were voiced during those early years regarding  the need for a provincial constable to be stationed at Okanagan Mission,  as the nearest one was located at Vernon. This necessitated the  swearing in, by one of the local magistrates, of a special constable,  whenever one was required.  In answer to an urgent call from Keremeos early in 1891, Father  Pandosy with one companion went in on horseback, over a trail from  Penticton. There he married a couple, who had arrived from Princeton  for the ceremony. Despite the deep wet snow covering the trail, he  insisted on returning to Penticton immediately. The journey proved  very exhausting for the good Father, who was then in his sixty-seventh  year, and he w7as very ill upon his arrival in Penticton. There being  no doctor within many miles, Mrs. Thos. Ellis, a trained and capable  nurse, with her daughter and A. H. Wade, a brother, did everything  possible for him, but to no purpose and he passed away. Thos. Ellis  (124) Early Days of Kelowna  had the body taken to the Mission, on the S.S. Penticton. There, the  funeral service, attended by many settlers of the district, was held in  the little Church of the Immaculate Conception, and he was buried  in the cemetery across the road, but unfortunately the grave was  unmarked and no person now knows its exact location. Thus ended  the earthly career of a man who had, for many years, given of himself  for the welfare of others, regardless of race, color or creed, and no  one can do more. One of the principal streets in the city of Kelowna  now bears the name of Pandosy.  The following item appeared in the Vernon News of June 29,  1891—"Capt. Short's boat made a special trip to the Mission, carrying  guests to the wedding of Miss Eleanore Laurence and Mr. Joseph  Saucier, the ceremony being performed by Rev. Father Carion. Among  those present from Vernon were Mr. and Mrs. Louis Morand, Messrs.  Gallagher, Tronson and McKinnon. In addition to these, Eustace  Smith, Capt. Shorts and almost the whole population of the Mission  Valley, were present at the wedding breakfast at Dan. Nicholson's  ranch. A dance was held in the evening, at Mr. Alphonse's residence  and everyone had a thoroughly enjoyable time."  On the evening of Thursday, Oct. 22, 1891, Lord and Lady  Aberdeen were hosts to about one hundred guests, from all parts of the  surrounding district. The guests arrived about 7:30 and were cordially  welcomed by their hosts, at which the Earl, in a short speech, explained  that the object of the meeting was to enable him to become better  acquainted with his neighbors, and to create a feeling of good-fellowship among the settlers of the valley. The following programme was  then gone through:  Song   Alfred Postill  Song   Dev. Father Urendt  Reading ,   Lady  Aberdeen  Song in French   Lady Marjorie Gordon  Song   Lord Aberdeen  Recitation      Rev. Mr. Langill  Song   Alfred Postill  Reading  Lord Aberdeen  After an intermission during which refreshments were enjoyed,  the programme was continued.  Song    Alfred Postill  Recitation in French   Lady Aberdeen  Song in French   Lady Marjorie Gordon  Song in English   Lady Marjorie Gordon  (125) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  Song in French   Rev. Father Urendt  Song   Lord  Aberdeen  All of the items were much appreciated by those present, and the  crowd dispersed in a very happy mood at the friendliness and  democratic spirit of their Excellencies.  People in the Mission Valley in 1891 were complaining about the  mail service, which consisted of about two deliveries a month, while  Vernon received three mails per week. However, the district south,  consisting of Penticton, Rock Creek, Keremeos, Grand Prairie (Kettle  River), etc. got mail only once a month, by courier on horse back,  which took ten days for the round trip. Joseph Brent and Robert  White had this contract, but in 1891, Wm. Powers was the successful  bidder. The Canadian postmaster at Grand Prairie (Kettle River)  was so dissatisfied with the service, that he had most of his mail sent to  him via Marcus, Washington. If anyone, even so far south as the  Okanagan Mission, wished his letter to reach Rock Creek or Kettle  River quickly, he addressed it via Marcus and it travelled north,  west, south, east and north again, several hundred miles through  Canada and the States, before reaching its destination, but arrived  sooner than if sent by all-Canadian mail route. The total receipts from  these Lower Country post offices for that year was only $152, while  expenses were $700,  for the same period.  At Christmas time Lord and Lady Aberdeen sent out seasonal  greeting cards to a large number of valley residents.  In January 1892, Price Ellison of Vernon was awarded the  contract for carrying mail between Vernon and the Mission, every  Wednesday. It appears however, that the service reverted to a two-  weekly one, for we read that in March of the same year, F. Bouvette  got the contract on this basis.  About this time, Lequime Bros, bought the S.S. Penticton from  Shorts and Ellis, for $5,000, and arranged to meet the C.P.R. trains  at Okanagan Landing, so the mail service was much improved, for  residents down the lake. The S.S. Okanagan had been acquired by  P. J. Gooding, and it also ran from Okanagan Landing, thereby  giving lake residents a fairly good service.  We learn from the Vernon News of April 21, 1892, that Price  Ellison bought the well known Simpson ranch, near Duck Lake, in  the Mission Valley, comprising between 400 and 500 acres, for  $11,000. Mr. Simpson then bought the adjoining farm from Mr.  Morrison for $4,500 and planned on moving there.  In March  1892, J. L. Pridham, a recent arrival from England,  (126) Early Days of Kelowna  purchased from G. G. Mackay, 40 acres of the old Nicholson place,  north of Geo. C. Rose's holding. Mr. Pridham let the contract to E.  Lacaille of New Westminster, for a residence to be built on the  property.  We note that Geo. C. Rose had taken W. D. Hobson into  partnership.  At long last the Mission Valley had a resident provincial constable,  when Neil Thompson received the appointment, in April.  Considerable activity in planting new orchards was evident, during  the spring of 1 892, by the following news item in the Vernon News—-  "Mr. N. Butchart of Port Moody has set out from Mr. Pridham, 20  acres; Rose and Hobson, 20 acres; J. Crozier, 16 acres; G. G.  Mackay, 10 acres; Price Ellison, 8 acres; Mr. Simpson, 8 acres; and  Mr. Munson, 3 acres." Geo. Whelan planed an additional 500 apple  and 50 prune trees. F. J. Watson also set out 275 fruit trees on his  property opposite the school house, at the Mission. At the Guisachan,  over 100 acres were planted in apples, pears, plums, cherries, peaches  and small fruits, but owing to poor management, all of them had to  be later pulled up and destroyed.  In the fall of 1891, Lequime Bros, moved their sawmill from its  old site at the Mission, to a new location on the waterfront, a couple  of hundred feet north of Bernard Avenue. The main building was  92 feet long, with another smaller one 45 feet in length, containing  the planing machinery, while a large dry kiln was also constructed  on the same property. A little to the north of the mill they built a  boarding house, sixteen by forty feet, for the mill workers.  Apparently Bernard Lequime became sole owner of the Okanagan  Sawmill Co. early in 1892, as an ad. appearing in the Vernon News  in January of that year mentioned only his name in connection with  the company. He built a new wharf eighty feet long and thirty feet  wide and a freight shed thirty by seventy feet, between the old wharf  and the new mill.  The Vernon News of April 7, 1892, furnishes the information  that J. A. Coryell, C.E., and party, has completed the transverse  survey of the west shore of Okanagan Lake from Bear Creek, to  the Indian reserve at the north end of the lake, a distance of thirty-four  miles. The entire shore of Okanagan Lake had then been surveyed.  Incidentally, Bear Creek got its name on account of six bears having  been shot there in one day.  Later in the same month, Mr. Coryell, C.E., and party were  employed   by   Bernard   Lequime  in   laying   out   the   300-odd   acres,  (127) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  bought by him from Auguste Gillard, into a townsite. An ad. in the  Vernon News of May 5, 1892, tells us that the new town has been  named Kelowna. This name came about in this way. Auguste Gillard,  original owner of the property, lived in a shack, consisting of a hole  in the ground, roofed over with rough timbers. One day in winter, a  number of Indians stopped outside the rude dwelling and Gillard,  wearing a heavy brown beard, crawled up the sloping exit from his  living quarters. The Indians, struck by a fancied resemblance to a  bear, shouted "Kim-ach-touch, Kim-ach-touch," which according to  Mrs. Wm. Brent, who understood the native language, means,  "Bear's Face" (pronounced according to Mrs. Brent, Kum-a-stoose).  This name stuck with Mr. Gillard for many years, and when Bernard  Lequime was choosing a name for the new town, he decided that  "Kimachtouch" was too' much of a mouthful, so picked Kelowna,  which translates, "grizzly bear". In a later issue of the same paper,  lots are offered for sale in "Kelowna, The Garden Town of B.C.,  and the natural shipping and distributing point for the fertile Okanagan Mission Valley".  About this time Alex. McLennan took up a pre-emption, across  the lake, exactly opposite Kelowna and had a house built by D. Lloyd-  Jones. Mr. McLennan lived on this property for many years and  developed a very fine orchard and garden. (In 1907 he sold to W. B.  Pease, for $13,000.)  A news item informs us that "Mr. Thomson is running a stage,  between the boat landing at Kelowna and various points in the valley,  meeting the S.S. Penticton each trip".  In April 1892, the dry kiln of the Okanagan Sawmill Co. caught  fire for the third time and was totally destroyed, with over 10,000  feet of lumber. Then on the morning of September 6, fire was  discovered in the sawmill, but having too great a headway to save  anything, it, along with about 500,000 feet of lumber, was destroyed.  However, by great efforts of a bucket brigade, 200,000 feet of lumber  was saved. This was a severe blow to Bernard Lequime, as the loss  was $20,000, with no insurance. With his characteristic energy Mr.  Lequime started building at once and by the following spring the  new mill was operating to full capacity, with a staff of around  twenty men.  As soon as the Kelowna townsite was laid out, Archie McDonald  bought a lot and let the contract to Crowell and Holland, of Vernon,  to build a hotel on the north east corner of Abbott St. and Lawrence  Avenue. It was a three storey L shaped frame structure,   84 by 48  (128) Early Days of Kelowna  feet, at one end, and 28 feet w-ide at the other, with a wide verandah  across the front. On account of its beautiful outlook upon the lake  it was named "Lake View." Its twenty-five rooms were well furnished  throughout and with its unsurpassed dining room and well stocked  bar, was for many years a very popular stopping place for the travelling  public and local residents. It was opened by the genial host, Archie  McDonald, who entertained all comers, with the utmost hospitality,  on Saturday, August 13, 1892. Then on Friday, August 26, the hotel  was the scene of a brilliant affair, when the proprietor gave a largely  attended ball, some coming from Vernon and other distant points.  Excellent music was provided, which was taken advantage of by  those present, for a delightful evening's entertainment.  Speaking of hotels, there were several in the valley, outside  Kelowna—the "Lequime", at the Mission, the "Benvoulin", the  "St. John", near the "Railroad" owned by Mr. and Mrs. Bassette,  and the "Tom and Jerry", in Short Cut or Dry Valley.  During the spring of 1892, Lequime Bros, built a store on  Bernard Avenue, opposite the new wharf. It was 26 by 45 feet and  David Lloyd-Jones had charge of construction. While Lequimes  continued to operate the store at the Mission, the Kelowna branch  made a specialty of the lake trade. In July, Messrs. E. Weddell and  C. A. S. Atwood, two recent arrivals, purchased an interest in the  new store, the firm thereafter operating under the name Lequime  Bros, and Co.  The new firm ran a large ad. in the Vernon News, announcing  that their new store was now open, and invited the public to give  them a call. They carried the best stock in the country and assured  the people of the district that their prices would bear comparison with  any other house in the Okanagan Valley. All of their stock,  consisting of dry goods, boots and shoes, crockery, glassware and  groceries, was new and advantageously bought, so they were in a  position to offer the buying public better bargains than were to be had  elsewhere. They met the boat each day and orders were filled to go  out on the return trip.  In July of the same year (1892), Messrs Thos. Riley and J. B.  Donald formed a partnership to handle farm implements and a  large two-storey warehouse, 40 by 60 feet, was built for them, about  50 feet east of Lequime Bros, store, on Bernard Avenue. We note  that in August a ball was held in the new building, at which a most  enjoyable evening was spent by the elite of the district. A few days  after this gala event a shipment of two carloads of farm implements  (129) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  and Gilbert Boat Company's boats arrived and Riley and Donald  were open for business.  Neil Hardy, who had started a blacksmith shop in a building  owned by Lequime Bros, on the north east corner of Bernard Ave.  and Water St.j sold the business to them in July, 1892, and Billy  Magaden was installed by them as manager.  Also during the summer, Thos. Spence built a neat little cottage  on the corner of Bernard Ave. and Abbott St. which he used ,as a  real estate office and dwelling. He was the first notary public, in  Kelowna.  In August, Dan. Nicholson acquired Mr. Winter's interest in  Bouvette's stage line,  operating between  Vernon  and  Kelowna.  Apparently, early in 1892, Lequime Bros, acquired the Steamer  Okanagan from P. J. Gooding and used it to tow log booms for the  sawmill and later the engines were removed and used in the mill.  The following news item appears in the Vernon News, under  date of Sept. 29,   1892:  "Action has been brought against Lequime Bros, by John A.  Thompson, Steamboat Inspector. Three charges were heard by His  Worship, Mr. Lumby, S.M. Defendant was accused of carrying  passengers without a license, in the Steamer Okanagan, on Okanagan  Lake. This boat had been the Red Star, with Rashdal and Lowes as  registered owners, and afterwards, Rithet & Co. on the Shuswap River.  Lequime Bros, were charged with changing the name to Okanagan  without permission of Governor-in-Council. Machinery had been  removed from the craft and installed in Lequime's sawmill, and the  hull sunk in the lake."  Evidently the sunken hull was refloated, for an article in Report  5 (1931), of the Okanagan Historical Society, tells us that a sale  was later made, of the hull and fire damaged engine, to Capt. Angus  Campbell and M. E. Cousins. After overhaul, she was loaded on  two flatcars and taken to the Kootenays.  We learn that Chas. Mair arrived in Kelowna in Aug. 1892,  where he had built a two storey building, on Bernard Ave. about 150  feet east of Riley and Donald's implement warehouse. This was a  worthy addition to the business section of the new town. In September,  he opened a well-stocked general store, in the new building. In  passing, it can be said that, Mr, Mair was a poet of note and has been  called the father of both "Canadian Dramatic and Nature Poetry".  He was the author of "Tecumseh, a Drama" and many other poems,  some of which are perfect gems of beauty, and he ranks high among  (130) Early Days of Kelowna  the major poets of Canada.  In September, Bernard Lequime and bride arrived from San  Francisco and were given a rousing welcome by his many friends.  An interesting event took place in the Church of England, at  Enderby, on Nov. 17, 1892, when the Rev. Mr. Outerbridge united  in Holy Matrimony David Lloyd-Jones and Miss Edith Gartrell,  daughter of James Gartrell, of Trout Creek.  We read in the Vernon News that "a concert held in the hall  above Lequime's store, on Friday, Dec. 9, 1892, was a grand success.  Those taking part were: Mr. Goodwin, song; Miss Thomson recited  "Mary Queen of Scots'; Miss Blackburn and D. W. Crowely, a duet;  Mr. Bentall, a recitation; a dialogue, 'The Society of the Delectable  Les Miserables', participants' names not given, and a duet and chorus,  'Whip Poor Will' finished the first part of the programme. After  an intermission, Miss Dell gave a recitation, followed by a song,  'True Till Death,' by D. W. Crowley and a song by Miss Blackburn.  Then a short lecture, title not given, bv Mr. Everson. An amusing  dialogue, 'Who's Who' was followed by the spirited chorus, "Sailing',  after which Rev. Mr. Langill gave a recitation. 'The Maple Leaf  Forever', ended the programme and the concert closed with the singing  of 'God Save the Queen'."  This apparently was the first public concert held in Kelowna and  the proceeds were $43.00.  By December 1892, children of school age in Kelowna numbered  thirty-three and under instructions from the minister of education, a  meeting to elect trustees for a new school was held. A large number  of residents attended and Messrs. C. Mair, Thos. Spence and H. W.  Raymer were elected, with Mr. Spence as secretary. The superintendent agreed to send a teacher, and it was decided to use Lequime's  Hall as a temporary school room. It was promised that at the coming  session of the Legislature an appropriation for a new school building  would be made.  The first church service in Kelowna was held in Lequime's Hall  on Dec. 25, 1892, when Rev. Mr. Neville, Methodist minister from  Vernon, preached to a large congregation. It was arranged for him  to continue to preach, on alternate Sundays, in the Presbyterian Church  at Benvoulin and Lequime's Hall in Kelowna.  At 2 o'clock on Monday, Dec. 26, Archie McDonald of the Lake  View hotel, entertained a large number of guests at a bachelor dinner.  On the same day, Dan Nicholson of the Benvoulin Hotel also entertained a large number of guests at 5 o'clock, which was followed by  (131) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  a dance, and all present had a very enjoyable time tripping the light  fantastic.  During those early times, many parties and dances were held in  various homes of the valley and it was not uncommon for people to  journey from as far away as twenty or thirty miles, to be present on  such occasions. When one considers the terrible condition of the roads  at the time and the usual means of transportation was bv sleigh,  buggy, or horseback, it was no mean feat.  Deer were quite plentiful throughout the district and we read  that F. J. Watson, school teacher, shot one by moonlight on the last  night of 1892, at his lot on the Smithson estate.  The Vernon News of Jan. 5, 1893, contains notice of the death  in Vancouver of G. G. Mackay, who had bought and subdivided  several large ranches in the valley.  The town of Kelowna continued to progress, with several new  arrivals, and the Vernon News of Jan. 12, 1893, lists the following  buildings, etc. completed within the past year—sawmill, rebuilt after  fire, mill office, blacksmith shop, boarding house, stable, wharf and  warehouse, for L.quime Bros.; Lake View Hotel, for Archie  McDonald; general store, for Lequime Bros.; general store, for  Chas. Mair; agricultural implement warehouse, for owner A. M.  Gibson; four room cottage, for Mrs. Tait; fovir room cottage, for  Okanagan Sawmill Co.; five room house, for Wm. Blackburn; four  room cottage, for A. M. Gibson; three room cottage, for Wm.  Favel; six room, two storey house, for Wm. Haug; three room  cottage, for E. Bjarnson; two, four room cottages, for C. A. S.  Atwood; and five small dwellings built for Icelandic owners. Building  contractors at that time were—J. Ortaland, David Lloyd-Jones,  Thos. Smith, Raymer and Steel, Cameron and Milne and Crowell  and Holland, with most of the work going to Mr. Ortaland. At  that time, all buildings in Kelowna were of wood construction, with  many of them having stone foundations, brick chimneys and inside  walls plastered. Wm. Haug, a very efficient tradesman, did all of  the plastering, and stone and brick work.  Thos. Spence, Real Estate Agent, reported that he was in receipt  of many enquiries from parties, in Eastern Canada and the Old  Country, seeking information regarding the Okanagan Valley. Several  lots were sold in January and quite a rush of home seekers was  expected with the arrival of spring.  By the end of January, the Okanagan Sawmill Co. had started  building a planing factory, to be completed by spring.  (132) Early Days of Kelowna  In the fall of 1892, Wm. McQueen, a blacksmith, who had been  doing construction work on the S. & O. Railway, between Sicamous  and Okanagan Landing, arrived in Kelowna. He took over the  blacksmith shop, belonging to Lequime Bros. Early in the new year,  1893, his family followed and owing to difficulty of getting a house,  they lived, for a time, above the blacksmith shop.  Until some time after the beginning of the new year, weather  was mild, with probability of navigation being open all winter; then  on the last day of January 1893, the temperature dropped to sixteen  below zero. By early February the lake was completely frozen over  and the S.S. Penticton unable to operate. This condition continued  until well into March, with horses and loaded sleighs crossing on the  ice. By the middle of March, navigation was partially restored, but  Okanagan Landing was icebound to such an extent that the S.S.  Penticton had to anchor some distance out at the edge of the ice,  while a load of baled hay was hauled out and put on board and taken  down the lake. It was reported to be the most severe winter since  1867. The snow was deep throughout the length of the valley and  the temperature so cold that the loss of live stock was heavy and  meant a great financial loss to stock men.  During the tie up of navigation, Post Office Inspector Fletcher  arranged with Joe. Brent to take the mail through to the Boundary  Country by pack horse, until the S.S. Penticton resumed her usual  schedule. On one of these trips, over the trail between Okanagan  Mission and Penticton, he shot several wolves,  mostly black ones.  Early in February, a ball was given at the St. John's Hotel, near  the "Railroad", where the proprietors, Mr. and Mrs. Bassette,  dispensed their usual hospitality. Those present had an enjoyable time,  but the cold weather prevented many  from attending.  On Monday, Feb. 13, 1893, a very enjoyable entertainment was  presented, by the Kelowna Dramatic Society, in Lequime's Hall. The  programme consisted of two popular farces, "Ici on Parle Francais"  and "My Turn Next". The cast in the former was, Major Rattan,  W. D. Hobson; Victor Dubois, E. M. Carruthers; Mr. Spriggins,  F. Evinson; Mrs. Spriggins, Mrs. E. J. Cann; Angelina, Miss E.  Blackburn; Mrs. Rattan, Miss Blackburn; Anna Maria, Miss Dell.  In "My Turn Next" the parts were: Taravicum Fritters, by F.  Evison; Tim Bolus, D. W. Crowley; Tom Trap, R. K. Noble;  Farmer Wheatear, E. M. Carruthers; Mrs. Fritters, by Mrs. E. J.  Cann; Cicely, by Miss E. Blackburn; Peggy, by Miss Blackburn.  Much  credit  was  due  to   Messrs.   Crowley,  Evison and   Spence,   in  (133) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  making the undertaking a success. The former attended to the stage  setting, while the latter painted the scenery, which was pronounced  very handsome, for an amateur performance. The audience numbered  over 100 and everyone was well pleased with the performance. As  near as can be learned, the receipts went to pay for fitting up Lequime's  Hall, as a school room.  The promised post office at Kelowna was opened in February in  Thos. Spence's real estate office, with Mr. Spence in charge. This was  badly needed, as fully three fourths of the mail addressed to Okanagan  Mission had, for some months, been for people living in Kelowna.  Early in the same month, a bundle of supplies, maps, etc. for the  new school arrived, from the department of education, in Victoria.  We read in the Vernon News, that H. W. Raymer, of Kelowna,  met the train on Feb. 13, when Daniel W. Sutherland, who had been  sent by the department of education, to take charge of Kelowna  school, arrived. Thev travelled by stage, from Vernon, and in a  few days school was opened in Lequime's Hall, with three Bailey,  three Blackburn, three Dolman, three Bjarnson, two Luxton, two  Mair, three McQueen, one Nicolle, four Favel, one Halgison and  four Raymer children in attendance. It is reported that on the opening  morning, Richard (Dick) Blackburn was sitting on the hall steps,  so he has the honor of being the first pupil to enroll in the Kelowna  school.  A news item appears in the Vernon News, of the marriage on  Feb. 28, 1893, in the Presbyterian Church, at Benvoulin, of F. O.  Conkling, popular foreman on the Guisachan estate, and Miss E.  Manery, sister of Mrs. Robert Munson. The ceremony was performed by Rev. Mr. Langill, before a very large number of friends  of the couple.  A cricket club was formed at Kelowna in March, with Bernard  Lequime, president; Chas. Mair, vice-president; C. A. S. Atwood,  secretary and D. W. Crowley, assistant secretary. They hoped to soon  match their skill with other teams.  In the same month, Messrs. W. D. Hobson and H. B. D. Lysons  bought 40 acres, on the Mackay estate, near the Presbyterian Church  at Benvoulin and planted ten acres in small fruits.  We learn that with the opening of navigation, in the spring of  1893, a small steamer, the "Miramichi", called at Kelowna, on its  way down the lake. It was accompanied by a scow, loaded with  material for a sawmill, to be built at Okanagan Falls. W. J. Snodgrass,  the owner, planned to operate the little steamer from Penticton, on  (134) Early Days of Kelowna  Okanagan River and Dog (Skaha) Lake to the "Falls", on a  permanent schedule.  We note that Leon Lequime and Miss Delphane Christian,  daughter of Louis Christien, of Vernon, were married in Okanagan  Church, Vernon.  After the ceremony, the bridal party drove to the residence of  the bride's father, where they sat down to supper. The happy couple,  who were both born in the Okanagan Valley, left on the S.S. Penticton,  for Okanagan  Mission,   where  they took  up residence.  In April 1893, Chas. Mair of Kelowna opened a branch store  at Benvoulin, under the management of his nephew, C. Mair. They  showed a splendid stock of general merchandise.  Early in the same month, E. R. Bailey started construction of  a new building, on Bernard Avenue, between Riley and Donald's  and Chas. Mair's stores.  On Sunday, April 16, a Methodist Sunday school was opened, in  Lequime's Hall, with a good attendance. M. J. Curts was elected  superintendent and D. W. Sutherland secretary, while Mrs. Donald,  Miss Blackburn and Miss Wearing taught the classes. Bernard Lequime  promised the Methodists a lot on which to build a church.  In the Vernon News on April 20, 1893, we read that Dr. B. F.  Boyce, who later moved to Kelowna, and bride, went down the lake,  on their way to their home in Fairview.  During the same month, H. W. Raymer was busy building a  residence   for himself  on   Ellis  Street.  We note that E. Weddell, a partner in the general store of  Lequime Bros. & Co. of Kelowna and Okanagan Mission, moved his  wife and family from Vernon to Kelowna, on Monday, April 24,  1893.  Early in May, Rev. Thos. Greene, of Calgary, was appointed to  the pastoral charge of the new Episcopal Church at Penticton and  went down there on the S.S. Penticton on Monday, May 8, 1893. In  addition to Penticton, he also held services at Trout Creek and  Kelowna.  To serve the various settlements springing up along Okanagan  Lake, the C.P.R. had started construction of a new steam boat,  in December 1892. It was completed and launched on Tuesday, May  22, 1893, and bore the name "S.S. Aberdeen." It was designed by  J. F. Steffin, a Danish builder, in Portland, Oregon, and construction  was superintended by Mr. McKay, also of Portland, who had come  originally from  Prince Edward Island,  where he  learned the ship-  (135) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  building trade, which he followed for twenty-two years after coming  west. Dimensions of the vessel were— 146 foot keel, exclusive of  the stern wheel box; depth of hold, 6 feet 8 inches, with beam of 26  feet, not including the guards. The main deck had a capacity of 200  tons of freight, under cover. The twin engines and machinery,  designed by Horace Campbell, of Portland, were built by the B.C.  Iron Works, Vancouver. Steam wras supplied by wood-burning boilers.  The paddle wheel was 19 feet in diameter and 23 feet wide. The  upper deck contained 11 cosy state rooms along the sides, with a  commodious smoking room, and the purser's office forward. Central  part of this deck contained a large dining salon, with ladies' cabin aft.  A promenade deck, protected by a hand railing, encircled this section  of the boat. Provision was made for thirsty travellers by a small  locker, in charge of the purser, stocked with a variety of liquors, to  be opened only between ports, by request of passengers. The kitchen  and crew's quarters, with bunks for 8 men, wash rooms and toilets  were located on the lower, or main deck. The vessel was in charge  of Capt. Foster, with mate, R. Williams. Purser was H. Fawcett;  chief engineer, W. B. Couson; watchman, M. Sullivan and stewardess,  Mrs. Sullivan.  On June 8 the Aberdeen ran a trial trip, from Okanagan Landing  to Penticton. Among those on board was R. Marpole, superintendent  of this division of the C.P.R. accompanied by J. Hamill, of the firm  of Hamill & McLeod, Armstrong, who had the contract for the inside  furnishing of the vessel. It was arranged for the Aberdeen to call  at any point on the lake, where passengers or freight could be taken  on or off. Mr. Marpole said the "boat was built, not for sentiment,  but for business."  The Aberdeen would leave Okanagan Landing, on Mondays,  Wednesdays and Fridays, on arrival of the train at 10:30 A.M.,  reaching Kelowna at 1:00 P.M. and Penticton about 4:30 P.M.  Returning, it would leave Penticton on the following days, at 12:00  Noon, reaching Kelowna about 3:00 P.M. and Okanagan Landing,  in time to connect with the train for Sicamous. The boat would connect  at Penticton with Stanton's express and Mr. Snodgress' freighters,  who would take care of any passengers and freight, for the Boundary  district. This was many years before the building of the Kettle Valley  Railway and everything was transported by horse-drawn vehicles to  the Boundary Country. For many years, as many as fifty four-horse  wagons operated out of Penticton, to the towns south.  In the spring of 1893, H. W. Raymer started construction of a  (136) Early Days of Kelowna  building on the south west corner of Bernard Ave. and Water Street.  It had a frontage of 60 feet and provided for two stores on the main  floor, with a concert hall above.  By an item in the Vernon News of May 24, 1893, we learn that  the Earl of Aberdeen was appointed Governor-General of Canada,  to succeed the Earl of Derby. The Earl and family left the Okanagan  to take up residence in Ottawa.  The marriage of Wm. Haug of Kelowna and Miss Elizabeth  Wood of Wingham, Ont. took place on June 27, 1893, the ceremony  being performed by Rev. J. A. Wood, at Vernon.  The job of cutting hay on the Mackay estate, that summer, was  taken over by Messrs. Ted Carruthers and Fred. Ellis, at $2.50 per ton.  To commemorate the twenty-sixth anniversary of Canadian Confederation, Kelowna staged its first celebration on July 1, 1893. An  excursion was run by the C.P.R. and many came from stations along  the S. & O. Railway, and around 250 to 300 passengers boarded the  S.S, Aberdeen, at Okanagan Landing,  for the run to Kelowna.  It was a typical Okanagan summer's day, with a light breeze,  which just rippled the surface of the lake. In spite of the heavy passenger list, the boat was not too crowded and everyone thoroughly  enjoyed the trip down the lake. The S.S. Penticton brought a full  load of excursionists from Penticton and Trout Creek. Arriving at  Kelowna, old timers mingled with newer arrivals to the valley, and  many a lasting friendship was formed. Many Indians were present,  and with their love of show were resplendent in silken neckerchiefs  and shirts of brilliant colors.  Ice cream, confectionery and refreshment booths, set up in  strategic spots, did a thriving business. Kelowna had the appearance  of a fair in the more populous towns of eastern Canada.  The principal feature of the day was horse racing, with the  starting point about where Gaston Ave. and Ellis St. intersect. Unfortunately, the track contained a number of pot holes, resulting in  a couple of bad spills, with, however, no serious injuries. Excitement  was at its height, as the riders urged their horses south along Ellis  Street to the judge's stand on Bernard Avenue. A number of cowboy  and Indian pony races provided a great deal of amusement for both  spectators and riders.  Hundred yard and half mile foot races and three-legged races  were run. Running high jump, running long jump, running hop, step  and jump and standing high jump, were all keenly contested. Although  no records were set, all of these events provided a great deal of fun_  (137) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  Unfortunately, the names of the various contestants were not preserved;  the only exception being, that Tom McQueen informs the writer that,  as a boy, he rode a horse belonging to W. A. Barlee, in the races.  With Kelowna being situated beside beautiful Okanagan Lake,  it is only natural that there would be some water sports, on that day.  These consisted of; single scull boats, canoes and tub races. This might  almost be considered the birth of Kelowna's water sport's consciousness,  which later grew into the wonderful annual regatta.  To attend the Dominion Day sports at Kelowna, A. E. Cooke and  J. H. Davidson, of Vernon, arrived on bicycles. In spite of having  to ford a creek and carry their bicycles, at one point, they made very  good time for the approximate 38 mile journey. Cooke's time was  4 hrs. 13 minutes, while Davidson required a little over 5 hours. The  road, at that time, was full of ruts and covered with loose gravel most  of the way.  C. A. S. Atwood of Kelowna advertised in the Vernon News of  July 13, 1893, that he had just received a shipment of the famous  Rice Lake canoes for sale. He assured prospective purchasers that they  had the greatest stability, strength and buoyancy of any canoes, manufactured anywhere. They came in three sizes, from $38.00 to $42.00  and weighed 60 to 70 lbs.  H. S. Scadding, who later was moved to the C.P.R. Kelowna  office, was put in charge of their Penticton office, in July 1893.  The fare from Vancouver to Penticton, via Vernon and S.S.  Aberdeen, was advertised by the C.P.R. at $30.00.  In the Vernon News of Aug. 24, appears this item: "D. W.  Sutherland has just returned from his holidays at the coast. He has  built a snug dwelling, where he and his young wife will settle down."  Late in August 1893, Mr. Spence resigned as postmaster and left  town and the office was taken over temporarily by C. A. S. Atwood  of Lequime Bros. & Co.  Capt. Nicolle had been building a number of staunch sailing and  rowing boats. He named one of the craft, "Rosy" and rigged it out  with sail, two jibs and driver, which with a favorable wind, "cut  through the water, like a racer".  The C.P.R. built a wharf at Knox Point, near Kelowna, for  convenient loading of cattle, hay, grain and other products of Mr.  Knox's ranch.  In September, Capt. Riley bought the S.S. Penticton, which he  improved to such an extent, that the steamboat inspector granted him  a license to carry ten more passengers than formerly. The new owner  (138) Early Days of Kelowna  also started operation of a stage line, from Vernon to Okanagan Ldg.  He advertised the fares from Vernon to Kelowna, at $2.00 and  from Vernon to Penticton at $3.50, each way.  We learn that H. C. Stillingfleet, in the fall of 1893, became  manager of the Mackay property, at Benvoulin.  Gifford E. Thomson of Benvoulin secured the contract for  carrying mail between Kelowna and Vernon and would commence  running a stage, between these points on Oct. 2,  1893.  A crusade against side saddles was commenced by two of the fair  sex, who adopted divided skirts to enable them to use regulation  saddles and ride as nature intended they should.  During the summer of 1893, a new one room school, 24 by 36  feet, capable of accommodating 60 pupils, was being built by Mr.  Keyes, at the north west corner of Mill (now Queen's Way) Ave.  and Ellis Street. In October, the pupils, in charge of D. W. Sutherland, moved from the temporary class room, in Lequime's Hall, to  the new school. In a news note in the Vernon News for Aug. 24,  1893, it is stated that Mr. Keyes is building the new school; then on  Oct. 5, Mr. Kay is reported to have completed the school. In his book,  "Ogopogo's Vigil", the late Frank Buckland states that the school  was built by H. W. Raymer. Who did the job? At a meeting of ratepayers of the district, Messrs. E. R. Bailey, H. W. Raymer and Wm.  McQueen were elected school trustees.  In November, the Aberdeen changed its time of leaving Penticton,  from 12 noon, to 9 A.M. During the same month, the C.P.R. built  a large warehouse at their Kelowna wharf.  During the past summer, John Curts carried on Sunday school-  in town. During his temporary absence, while working in the valley,  the good work was carried on by Capt. Nicolle, aided by Mr. Vicker  and Mr. Hicks.  E. R. Bailey, having completed his building, begun in the spring,  moved his family into the upstairs. He and Geo. Monford opened a  butcher shop, under the firm name of Bailey and Monford, on the  main floor.  In January 1894, D. W. Sutherland was gazetted as a justice of  the peace.  An article in the Vernon News gives the following account of an  ice carnival, held on a small pond, a few hundred yards north of  the sawmill, on Jan. 11, 1894. "It was successful far beyond what  the most sanguine had hoped for. About forty maskers took part; a  combination of the novel, the beautiful and ludicrous. A number of  (139) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  prizes were awarded: fancy skating, Mrs. C. A. Atwood, whose  movements were the personification of fairy gracefulness, first prize;  Miss McQueen, second prize. Thos. Stephenson received first prize,  for fancy skating for men; Mr. Barlee, second prize. First prize for  costume, Miss Coghlan, representing "Night"; Miss McQueen, as  "Snowflake" obtained second prize. Neil Thompson received first prize,  as best dressed gent masker, as "Highland Chief"; Leon Lequime  came second, as a "cowboy". For best dressed couple, Mr. and Mrs.  Neil Thompson; second, Thos. Stephenson as "Beau Ideal of Old  Country Squire" of the 16th century, and Miss Coghlan."  The following evening a bachelor's ball was held in the Lake  View Hotel, with about 100 present. Many people had come from  Vernon for the carnival and ball. The ball room was beautifully  decorated for the occasion. Refreshments were provided by the genial  host, Archie McDonald and were thoroughly enjoyed. Good music was  provided and dancing was kept up until early morning.  Apparently the C.P.R. decided to discontinue winter boat service  on the lake, for we read that the S.S. Aberdeen made her last trip  of the season on Tuesday, Jan. 16, 1894, with service to be resumed  about the first of March. In the meantime, freight and passenger  traffic would be taken care of by the S.S. Penticton, under Capt. Riley,  to be run all winter, if weather permitted. Connection was to be made,  with the train, at Okanagan Landing, on Mondays and Fridays.  We learn that, at the residence of Chas. Mair, on Jan. 23, 1894,  a quiet wedding took place, when his eldest daughter, Maude Louise,  and Bertram Edwin Crichton, were joined in holy matrimony, the  ceremony being performed by Rev. T. W. Outerbridge, the Anglican  clergyman. The bride wore a dress of pearl grey and pink, and carried  a bouquet of orange blossoms. She was attended by her sister, Mabel,  and Miss Dell. The groom was supported by his brother, Allan  Crichton. After a wedding breakfast, the happy couple left on the  S.S. Penticton, to spend a few days at the coast.  At a meeting held Saturday, Feb. 28, 1894, in Lequime's Hall,  "The Agricultural and Trade Association of Okanagan Mission"  was formed. Membership fee was set at 50 cents and Jas. Crozier  was elected president; E. R. Bailey, vice-president and Geo. C. Rose,  secretary. Directors appointed were: W. D. Hobson, F. Conkling,  C. A. S. Atwood, F. M. Kerby, H. S. Rose, L. Lequime, B. Lequime,  H. W. Raymer and J. T. Davies. A number of matters were discussed, among them being better freight rates on lake steamers and  over the S. & O. and CP. Railways, and the raising of produce, suited  (140) Early Days of Kelowna  to the market.  The mate of the Aberdeen, J. B. Williams, passed his examination for a captain's certificate. Mr. Williams later assumed the  captaincy of the Aberdeen.  In February, A. B. Knox, who had been absent for some time,  returned home, to be warmly welcomed by his many friends, and  took charge of his large ranch, bordering on the eastern boundary of  Kelowna.  Up to now, the town had no sidewalks, so in March J. A. Gray,  contractor, received the contract for building about a half-mile of  plank sidewalk on Bernard Avenue. In the business section it was six  feet wide and farther east, two planks were laid lengthwise, with a  foot space between. The plan was to later lay another plank in this  space. This was the first sidewalk in town, and a great improvement  over a gravelled and muddy street.  The management of K. Thompson's livery stable was taken over  by J. Lougheed, who had recently bought a half interest in the business.  In the valley, a new venture was started by Louis Holman, when  he planted an acre of tobacco. Samples of the product were sent to the  coast, and a favorable report being received, it was planned to start  a cigar factory later in town.  After two month's lay up, the S.S. Aberdeen resumed her run in  March.  On March 26, 1894, a meeting was held in Kelowna, to arrange  for the building of a Presbyterian Church, at which A. B. Knox  made a generous offer of two lots, at the south east corner of Bernard  Ave. and Richter Street. A committee was formed to raise money for  the building, and Mr. Knox promised a substantial contribution. The  church however, was not built until four years later, in the fall of  1898.  We learn from the Vernon News, of May 17, 1894, that Dr.  B. F. Boyce of Fairview, moved to Kelowna and became the first  resident physician in town. He continued to practice his profession  until 1945, the year of his death.  With the advent of warm weather, in the spring of 1894, the  streams flowing into Okanagan Lake carried more water than could  be emptied out by the river, at the south end of the lake. The water  rose rapidly, until it was on a level with the wharf. Bernard Ave. was  flooded for more than a block from the waterfront and for a couple  of weeks the sawmill was forced to shut down.  The twenty-fourth of May  was not far off, and Kelowna and  (141) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  valley people were preparing to celebrate Queen Victoria's seventy-fifth  birthday. Streets in town were still in bad condition from the flooding  and when the great day arrived; there was mud and pools of water  everywhere.  However, in spite of these handicaps, a very pleasant day was  spent. One of the main events was a cricket match, between the local  team and one from Trout Creek, which came up on the S.S. Fairview.  The local players were too much for the visitors, with a score of 116  to 100 and seven wickets to spare. In the evening, a splendid concert  was held in the C.P.R. freight shed on the wharf. The building was  beautifully decorated with flags, bunting and evergreens for the  occasion and to light up the place, many lanterns were borrowed. A  large party from Vernon had arrived by the Aberdeen and they were  loud in their praise of the programme, which was mostly musical.  The day's proceedings were brought to a close by a largely attended  ball, and everyone present was delighted with the day's events.  In May, 1894, Sam Ray, from Calgary, bought the farm of F.  Bouvette, a short distance from town, and moved there with his family.  During the succeeding years, he was very active in any movement for'  the improvement of conditions in the valley.  Spring of the same year also marks the arrival of Thos. W. Stirling  in the district. He bought a 40 acre block, on the Mackay estate,  adjoining the property of Robt N. Dundas, and let the contract for  a large residence and other buildings to H. W. Raymer. These occupied  a prominent ridge about a mile east of Kelowna and afforded a pleasant  view of the town and lake. The buildings being completed by October,  Mr. Stirling and family moved in, naming the place "Bankhead".  He arranged with R. J. Robinson, of the firm of Walker and Robinson, Vancouver, to superintend the planting of 17 acres in fruit trees.  Later, many more acres were added and he eventually possessed one of  the finest orchards in the valley. Mr. Stirling was for many years  actively engaged in the shipping of produce from Kelowna.  A Church of England service was held on Saturday, June 24, in  the new Kelowna school, with Rev. Thos. Greene, of Penticton,  officiating. A large congregation attended and at an informal meeting  at the close of the service, Messrs. Pridham, Hobson, Crichton, Mair,  Atwood and Dr. Boyce, were elected to act as a committee to manage  the financial affairs of the church, until appointment of regular  church-wardens. It was arranged for the Rev. T. Greene to hold  monthly services thereafter, in Kelowna.  The  C.P.R.   found  that business at  Kelowna was  increasing  to  (142) Early Days of Kelowna  such an extent that larger premises were required, so they arranged  with Leon Lequime to build an addition to their wharf.  Bernard Lequime sold his cottage to E. Weddell, and began  construction of a new residence for himself.  Several modern improvements were introduced in Lequime's grist  mill at the Mission, and under the able management of Jas. Crozier,  a splendid grade of flour was produced.  On Sept. 22, 1894, R. J. Davies sold by public auction at the  Coldstream Hotel, Vernon, the steam launch, "Miramichi". Although  the boat was practically new and had cost over a thousand dollars to  build, Leon Lequime, on behalf of a Kelowna syndicate, was successful  in securing it for $180.00. For several years it was used around  Kelowna, and the writer recalls being one of a group of young people  vhom Dr. Boyce took on a cruise down the lake, to a point near the  Mission. We pulled in to shore and spent a very pleasant afternoon  th.re before returning home.  In the fall of 1 894, David Lloyd-Jones completed two handsome  cotages, for rent.  A brass band of sixteen members, with Mr. Brandon as instructor  and leader, was organized in November.  An old timer, in the person of Isadore Boucherie, who arrived in  the early 1860's and spent 32 years in the valley, passed away on  Friday, Nov. 2, 1894. He was supposed to be well over ninety years  of age and left and estate of around $14,000.  Darid Lloyd-Jones completed a handsome cottage on the south  side of Bernard Avenue, between Ellis and Richter Sts. for Dr. B. F.  Boyce, early in February 1895.  Raymer's Hall, above his building, at the south west corner of  Bernard Ave. and Water St., was opened for the first time, on Wednesday, Feb. 6, 1895, with a concert in aid of the English Church. It  was a neat little hall, 30 by 40 feet, with a well arranged stage; and  an appreciative audience filled the place. There is no record of what  the programme consisted, or of those taking part.  An outdoor curling club was formed early in 1895, with E. R.  Bailey, president; T. W. Stirling, vice-president; E. Weddell, secretary and skips, Messrs. Bailey, Mair, Rose and Stirling. Two- closely  contested games were played on Stirling's pond, between married and  single members, with each securing a game. A final match had to be  postponed, on account of a thaw setting in.  On Feb. 11, 1895, the little town was saddened by the death of a  very popular young woman in the person of Mrs. E. Weddell. Besides  (143) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  her husband, she left four young children to mourn her loss.  The first performance of the recently formed Kelowna Minstrels  was held in Raymer's Hall, on Saturday, March 2, 1895. Those taking  part were: H. E. Barneby, H. W. Raymer, Dan. Gallagher, F. Ellis,  H. C. Stillingfleet, D. W. Crowley, W. R. Barlee, E. M. Carruthers,  R. Scadding, J. Ralston, R. Gibbs, G. Murray, D. Bannerman and  J. T. Davies. An overture by the band opened the programme. This  was followed by the usual black face minstrel act, with H. W. Raymer,  who was an old hand in that capacity, as interlocutor. A number of  good natured jokes, at the expense of local residents, went off very  well. A song, "The Sunny South", by D. W. Crowley, was much  appreciated. Dan. Gallagher's banjo solo was a very creditable performance. Both Fred Ellis' and H. C. Stillingfleet's solos were warmly  applauded. Stillingfleet and Carruthers appeared in a duet and a new?  report contained this item: "E. M. Carruthers, who is a host in himself,  seemingly adapted to the part, for which he is cast—but as a gushing  female, he is a most complete success."  The programme concluded with a farce, "Love in a Collar Box",  which was well played.  Proceeds were very satisfactory and went to help finance the  Kelowna Band. All of those in attendance pronounced the programme  a highly creditable one.  David Lloyd-Jones, according to an item in the Vernon News of  March 7, moved his wife and family from Trout Creek to Keb-wna.  In the same month, the business of Riley and Donald, dea'ers in  agricultural implements, on Bernard Avenue, for the past three years,  was wound up, under a chattel mortgage, held by Geo. Riley, of  Victoria.  Early in April, we read that B. E. Crichton had purchased the  Simpson ranch in the valley.  From various items in the press, we learn that a small sternwheel  steamer, the Fairview, recently acquired by W. B. Coulson, was  running from Okanagan Ldg. to Kelowna, on a tri-weekly schedule  and twice a week went through to Penticton. Capt. Riley was in charge,  with Mr. Coulson as engineer and manager. It had a cabin, 13 by 18  feet, and engine room 12 by 12 feet, and a carrying capacity of 30  tons, as well as quite a number of passengers. She continued to operate  for something more than a year on Okanagan Lake, with an occasional  run down the river from Penticton to Okanagan Falls. The river at  that time was quite narrow and crooked and these combined with a  strong current and overhanging trees at several spots,  made  it very  (144) Early Days of Kelowna  difficult to navigate with a boat the size of the Fairview. On one trip  she lost part of her stern wheel and rudder, as a consequence of which  she was tied up at Okanagan Ldg. for several months. After necessary  repairs she made the occasional run down the lake.  On April 25, 1895, a ball, at which about twenty couples were  present, was held in Lequime's Hall, for the benefit of the Kelowna  Band Association. Dancing was kept up until nearly dawn and the  affair was pronounced a great success.  The growing of tobacco in the valley had been experimented with  the previous season, so to try it out on a commercial scale Messrs. John  Collins and Louis Holman planted ten acres in the spring of 1895,  on land leased from Lequime Bros, at the Mission.  On May 24, the Steamer Fairview arrived at Kelowna, about 1 1  A.M. with a cricket team from Vernon. Then at 2 P.M. the Aberdeen  brought a large crowd of merrymakers. During the day a match was  played between the local and Vernon teams at which Kelowna seemed  invincible, by scoring a total of 122 to Vernon's 72, for two innings.  In the evening, Raymer's Hall was filled to the doors for a concert,  in aid of the Kelowna Cricket Club. Chas. Mair occupied the chair,  and the programme was as follows: songs by H. C. Stillingfleet, D.  W. Crowley, Miss Thomas, Mr. Haines, D. W. Crowley, and a  banjo solo by Dan. Gallagher.  This was followed by a farce, "Slasher and Dasher", in which  we learn that the "fun was fast and furious, and the audience convulsed with laughter". Cast as follows, W. D. Hobson, E. M. (Ted)  Carruthers, Mr. Bailey, H. C. Stillingfleet, Miss Thomas, Mrs. C. A.  S. Atwood.  The day's celebration was brought to a close by a ball in Lequime's  Hall, where the happy crowd swirled to the music until 3 A.M.  On Friday, June 7, the Kelowna Cricket Club went to Penticton  on the S.S. Fairview and played a match with the team there. It proved  to be very much one sided, as the Kelowna team won by an innings  and over 100 runs. They were royally entertained by the Pentonians,  while there.  In the early days it seems as though Kelowna was putting on a  concert, holding a dance, or picnic, or celebrating something every  once in a while. However, when we consider that at time time there  were no motion picture theatres, no TV, no radios or automobiles, or  speed boats, the residents had to make their own amusements, and they  succeeded wonderfully well.  Dominion Day, July 1, 1895, saw a crowd of about 60 Vernonites  (145) The Okanagan Historical Society—-1959  stream off the Aberdeen, to take in the sports at Kelowna. The boat  was gaily decked out with flags and bunting; and the day being sunny  and warm, with no wind, everyone enjoyed the run from Okanagan  Ldg. Arriving at the dock at 11:30 A.M. after a two hour trip, the  excursionists were welcomed by nearly every resident of Kelowna,  while the local band played the "Maple Leaf Forever".  The day's sports commenced with a baseball game, between the  local and Vernon teams. Unfortunately owing to the boat having to  leave at 3 P.M. the game had to be called at the end of the second  innings, resulting in a tie of 8  runs each.  Other sports consisted  of:  Long jump, taken by Mr. Best, with A. Goldsmith second.  High jump, won by Mr. Best, with Wm. Richter second.  Swimming, 100 yards, won by W. D. Hobson, with Fred Ellis  second.  Swimming, 200 yards, won by W. D. Hobson, with Fred Ellis  second.  Tossing the Caber, taken by A. Goldsmith, with Wm. Brent,  second.  Local 100 yard dash, A. Goldsmith, 1st. Best, 2nd. Wm. Brent,  3rd.  Open 100 yard, W. Gibbs of Vernon, winner over Goldsmith and  Best.  440 yard race, Gibbs, 1st; T. Simpson, 2nd; with others falling  out about half way down the course.  Putting the 16 lb. shot, won by Mr. McKay, C.P.R. conductor,  and A. Goldsmith, 2nd and Wm. Brent, 3rd.  The sports ended with a sack race, which proved very amusing.  In July of the previous summer, Frank McGowan had applied on  behal f of Messrs. Jules McWha and Alex. Dow for a warrant to  arrest the S.S. Penticton for wages due. A court order was issued for  her sale by auction. She was tied up at Kelowna and engines removed  and stored in a warehouse there. However, when sale day arrived, the  engine was missing and despite efforts extending over several months  to locate it, it was not found. But, as mysterious as was its disappearance, it was found after a sale took place, in the summer of 1895.  Her passenger accommodation was removed, and she was used for  many years thereafter, to tow logs to the sawmill, and deliver lumber  to various points along Okanagan Lake.  Bernard Lequime hired W. M. McKissock, who had recently  moved with his family to Kelowna, to take charge of his sawmill.  Archie   McDonald  of  the   Lake   View   Hotel   built  a   neat  and  (146) Early Days of Kelowna  substantial fence, along Abbott Street, from Bernard Avenue to Mill  Creek, closing in the property which is now the beautiful City Park.  He also built a band stand there, which was used by the Kelowna Band,  to- give concerts  during the summer evenings.  Several fair sized orchards had been set out in the valley, but as  several years would elapse before they came into bearing, some of the  owners planted small fruits between the rows. J. L. Pridham was  one of these, and we learn from a news report, that by August he had  picked 2200 lbs. of raspberries and several hundred pounds still  remained to gather.  Times were hard in the district, with very little money, and farmers  found difficulty in disposing of their produce to advantage. So, to find  a market, a meeting of farmers was held, and a co-operative, the  "Kelowna Shippers' Union" was formed, with E. R. Bailey as  secretary. This was really an offshoot of the "Agricultural and Trade  Association", which had been organized a year earlier. We learn,  from the Vernon News, of Aug. 29, 1895, that "there was shipped  a car of mixed vegetables and fruit, by Mission Valley farmers,  consigned to towns in the North-west (prairie provinces), with Sam.  Ray in charge. Contents consists of melons, tomatoes, beets, carrots,  and other vegetables, with apples, plums, etc. The time is not very far  distant when this district will be exporting produce of this description  in quantities that are at present hardly dreamt of." We read later that  Mr. Ray was able to dispose of this car-load at a good price. Many  more car-loads of fruit and vegetables went to the prairie and Kootenay  districts, in care of either H. Dell, R. S. Hall, E. R. Bailey, John  Casorso-, or Jas. Crozier. The company built a large root house at  Sandon, where a stock of vegetables was stored for sale during the  winter months.  Later the Kelowna Shippers' Union was changed from a co-operative society to a joint stock company, with a capital of $15,000,  shares at $5.00 each. Directors were, T. W. Stirling, W. D. Hobson,  Jas. Crozier, E. Weddell, B. Lequime, J. L. Pridham and C. S. Smith.  C. A. Atwood was appointed secretary-treasurer. A large warehouse  and wharf was later erected on the Kelowna waterfront, immediately  to the north of the C.P.R. dock. The company bought produce from  the farmers, paying cash at current prices, thus providing a local  market. During the following fall and winter of 1895, the company  shipped a total of seventeen car-loads of vegetables and other farm  produce, to Kootenay markets. In addition to this, large quantities of  hay, oats, etc. were shipped by private parties and Okanagan produce  (147) The Okanagan Historical Society—A 959  was firmly established, in the various markets.  Under date of Sept. 5, 1895, the Vernon .News prints the following: "Mr. Geo. Whelan drove up to Vernon from his ranch near  the Mission, with a full load of luscious looking fruit, consisting  principally of apples and plums. He had no difficulty in disposing of  his load at good prices. Sold about 1000 lbs. of plums before he  reached the upper end of Barnard Avenue. 'This pays better than  wheat growing', he remarked with a smile, as he weighed out the  last of his stock to a customer."  We notice in the same issue of the paper, that Mr. Whelan's stable  was entered on the night of Aug. 31 and a valuable saddle and bridle  stolen. The stable door was not locked and this was as he said, "the  first time in twenty-five years that this sort of thing has happened to  him." An advertisement over his name offered a reward of $100.00  for information leading to arrest and conviction of the guilty party,  but he did not recover his saddle and bridle, and the reward was never  claimed.  At a meeting of members of the Church of England, held early in  the past summer, they voted to build a church, at Kelowna in  preference to Benvoulin. Messrs. Blair and Curts, local builders, were  awarded the contract. A lot on the north east corner of Mill Ave. (now  Queensway) and Pendozi St. had been donated by Lequime Bros, and  by October, the church was completed, at a cost of $1,500.  An article appeared in the Vernon News of Oct. 24, 1895, as  follows: "On Saturday the 5th Inst, the Right Rev. Dr. Dart, Bishop  of New Westminster, held a dedicatory service in the new English  Church at Kelowna, at which he was assisted by the Rev. Thos.  Greene, of Penticton. Owing to the generous contributions of T. W.  Stirling of Kelowna, Mrs. Stirling of St. Andrews, Scotland; of Mrs.  Bullock-Webster, of Keremeos; of Mrs. Crichton, of Hay, Wales  and her sister, Miss Llewellyn, of London, England, together with  local subscriptions, there were funds on hand to pay the contractors in  full. The building this being free from debt, has been duly dedicated  to St. Michael and All Angels' by the newly appointed Bishop of the  diocese. The ceremony of consecration was impressive and the congregation a considerable one; but being on a week day, was not as  large as that which assembled upon the following Sunday, when  his lordship held a confirmation service and preached both morning  and evening. At the close of the morning service the Bishop administered Holy Communion, assisted by Rev. Thos. Greene."  On Nov. 27, 1895, at the residence of Wm. Haug, Kelowna, the  (148) Early Days of Kelowna  Rev. W. D. Misiner, of Enderby, united in matrimony John Fletcher  and Miss Mary Wood, sister of Mrs. Haug.  To fill the vacancy, resulting from the resignation of Neil  Thompson, who held the position since early in 1892, of Provincial  Constable for Kelowna and district, Richard R. Lowe, deputy-sheriff  from Vernon, received the appointment. Mr. Lowe had been a resident  of Yale District for several years and he and family moved to Kelowna  early in December.  A Christmas entertainment was held in Raymer's Hall, for the  children attending Kelowna public school, on Tuesday, Dec. 31, 1895  and the hall was well filled, by parents and friends of the children.  E. R. Bailey filled his position as chairman in a pleasing and happy  manner.  An overture by the Kelowna Band opened the programme and  was followed by:  Chorus   "Joy Bells"  Recitation   "Little Au Said", Harry Raymer  Solo   "Two Little Playmates", John Marshall  Dialogue   Kelowna School Boys  Song   "Nothing Else to Do", Ettie McKissock  Recitation ____ "Which One to Drown", Maud Raymer  Solo   D. W. Crowley  Reading   "Disturbance in Church", Ritta Bailey  Chorus  "Glory to God in the Highest"  Dialogue  ... "The Three Mothers"  Solo   "Coming Through the Rye", Lizzie Nicolle  Recitation   "Grumble Corner", Ettie McKissock  Solo   John Marshall  Selections    _.   Kelowna   Band  God Save the Queen  With the ending of the programme all eyes turned towards the  Christmas tree, lighted with candles and laden with gifts, to the  value of $30.00. These were taken off the tree by D. W. Sutherland  and passed to Capt. Nicolle, who, wearing the customary garb of Santa  Claus, presented them to the delighted children. The entertainment  was pronounced excellent, and the crowd dispersed in a happy holiday  spirit.  On Friday, Jan. 31, 1896, a concert was held in Raymer's Hall.  No record is available for what purpose it was held. Those taking part  in the programme were: H. C. Stillingfleet, Thos. Vickars, Geo.  Fitzmaurice, E. M. (Ted) Carruthers and W. D. Hobson. Everyone  (149) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  enjoyed the various items presented, and according to the press, "Ted.  again had on the frills and crinolines, and kept everyone in roars of  laughter." The proceedings were brought to a close by the band,  playing "God Save the Queen." The crowd went to Lequime's Hall,  where a dance was held, and the fun kept up until nearly daylight.  Early in February 1896, a Gun and Rifle Club was formed at  Kelowna, with J. L. Pridham, President; T. W. Stirling, Vice-  president and Hugh Rose, Sec.-treasurer. It was planned to hold a  number of shooting contests, during the coming season.  On Friday evening of March 6, the Kelowna Cricket Club  presented a concert to a small, but appreciative audience, in Raymer's  Hall. It was reported in the press that "the quality of the performance  warranted a much better house, but bad roads and lack of moonight,  was responsible for the small attendance." The entertainment was  opened with a quick-step, by the Kelowna Band. The curtain rose on  a one act comedy, "Madame Squallino" with Messrs. W. D. Hobson,  E. M. Carruthers and Geo. Fitzmaurice, taking the parts respectively  of Henrv Dalton, Chas. Mortimore and Bob. Brown. Unfortunately  the play had a very weak plot and did not give scope to the acting  abilities of the three gentlemen. According to a news report "Messrs.  Hobson and Carruthers did their utmost to infuse some humor into  the barren lines of the play. G. Fitsmaurice gave a natural representation of the faithful servant." Messrs. Gallagher and Kirkendale  played a banjo duet, which was greatly appreciated. Miss Ablett sang  a song, accompanied by Mr. Kirkendale, on the guitar, with charming  effect. In another short play, "Popping the Question", Messrs. Carruthers and Collins took the parts of old maids of commanding stature  and they sustained the characters to perfection. Miss N. Coughlan  made a charming Ellen Murray, while Mrs. Sutherland filled the  part of Jane, the merry maid servant, who aids in the popping of the  question. The fortunate lover was well represented by D. W. Crowley.  The part of the elderly ladies' man was taken by Geo. Fitzmaurice,  of whom it was reported in the press that "he is the best amateur  actor that has ever come before a Kelowna audience." The audience  applauded until the curtain raise again and the performers bowed  their thanks.  With another selection by the band and "God Save the Queen" a  very enjoyable performance was concluded.  On Feb. 26, 1896, E. R. Bailey and Geo. Monford, carrying on  a butcher business in Kelowna, was dissolved by mutual consent, with  Mr. Bailey continuing the business under the management of his son  (150)  . ,__t_____4___ Plarly Days of Kelowna  George.  As a result of Post Office Inspector Fletcher's visit to Kelowna  in March, E. R. Bailey was appointed postmaster, to succeed Leon  Lequime, the former incumbent. Later in the year Mr. Bailey was  appointed by the C.P.R. as their express agent, to fill the vacancy  created by the resignation of C. E. Shaw.  We learn that Chas. Mair, who had operated a general store on  Bernard Avenue, during the past two years, made an assignment, dated  May 21, 1896, and left Kelowna for Prince Albert. It seems, that on  account of certain land speculations on the Prairies, he was obliged  to make this move. His leaving was a serious loss to Kelowna, as he  had keen very active in the business, social and cultural life of the town.  During the spring, Kelowna's newly formed lacrosse club was  practicing steadily in preparation for meeting Vernon's team at the  July 1st. sports, to be held in town. The Vernon Club, with a number  of admirers, boarded the S.S. Fairview at Okanagan Ldg. for the trip  to Kelowna, on the morning of the first. Several Vernonites had  driven down the night before, while others went by the S.S. Aberdeen,  which arrived shortly after the Fairview. The trip by water was  pronounced, by all, as delightful in the extreme. The citizens of  Kelowna made every effort to help the visitors enjoy themselves, while  in town.  In the forenoon the chief events were trials of speed by a number  of horses, as follows:  Half mile running race, open—1st. Mr. Bono, 2nd. D.  McLean.  Half mile running race, local horses—1st. W. Sheppard, 2nd. W.  R. Barlee.  Quarter mile  pony race—1st.  Fred  Gartrell,  2nd.  W.  Lefavre.  Cowboy race—1st.  J. Richter, 2nd. Cal. Blackwood.  An adjournment was made for dinner, after which both steamers,  Aberdeen and Fairview, pulled in to the wharf, where they were*  welcomed by a crowd of Kelowna citizens and the local band.  In the afternoon the long looked for lacrosse match was started  with the ball faced off at 2:30 P.M.  At that time, the property bounded by Mill Avenue (now Queensway) Ellis Street, Bernard Avenue and west to McQueen's blacksmith  shop at the corner of Water Street, was vacant. This is where the  lacrosse games, foot races, jumping and other athletic events were held.  (151)  tfWteON HIGH SCHOOL tm*** The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  The Clubs lined up as follows:  Vernon  W. J. Poole  R. B. Bell  E. Simmons  G. Haverty  G. G. Henderson  M. C. Davidson  F. Smith  A. Birnie  C. S. Keating  J. Harris  H. Bell  M. Holland  Kelowna  D. B. F. Boyce  C. A. S. Atwood  Frank Fraser  M. J. Curts  Geo-. Bailey  Neil Thompson  W. R. Barlee  Harvey Watson  D. W. Crowley  H. Chaplin  Louis Ledger  Frank Small  Goal  Point  Cover Point  1st. Defence  2nd. Defence  3rd. Defence  Centre  1st. Home  2nd. Home  3rd Home  Outside Home  Inside Home  Referee—T. Norris—Lumby  After about twenty minutes of hard playing, the home team  scored a goal and a fifteen minute rest was taken. In about fifteen  minutes after play was resumed, Vernon got a ball past Kelowna's  goal keeper. The next three quarters of an hour was fast and furious,  with both teams doing their utmost to score, but neither being  successful, the game ended in a tie. This was the first lacrosse match  ever played in the Okanagan Valley.  A number of athletic events, consisting of 220 yard and 100 yard  races; wheelbarrow race; three legged race; hop, step and jump and  high jump, were run off.  Upwards of 500 people were on the grounds in the afternoon  during which time the Kelowna Band enlivened the proceedings.  A grand ball in the evening wound up the day's events.  The little steamer Fairview, with the Vernon Lacross Club and  a number of friends on board, reached Okanagan Ldg. about 1 A.M.  on July 2. Capt. Riley was in command, while W. B. Coulsen, the  owner, had charge of the engines. Everyone had left the boat for  only a few minutes, when A. McAuley of the Landing hotel, noticed  she was on fire and gave the alarm. Although Riley and Coulsen  hurried back, nothing could be done to save the vessel, and she was  a total loss. She was insured for $2,000, which was less than half the  cost. Origin of the fire was not known.  During the fall, the K.S.U. shipped fourteen carloads of  vegetables and fruit, to Kootenay points and Calgary.  On Saturday, Aug. 28, 1896, the Kelowna and Vernon Lacrosse  (152) Early Days of Kelowna  teams faced off on the Vernon grounds at 3 P.M. We note that Harvey  Watson and H. Chaplin were missing from the Kelowna team and  J. Porrier and Leon Gillard were added, while W. B. Fleming took  the place of W. C. Davidson, on the Vernon side, since the match  played on July 1st. Some changes in the arrangement of the various  players is noticed. A large crowd of spectators witnessed the game,  which was the first lacrosse match ever played in Vernon. The Vernon  defence was particularly strong and the boys from Kelowna found  it impossible to break through. In its account of the game the Vernon  News had this to say, "Among the most active of the Kelowna players  were M. J. Curts, C. A. S. Atwood and Frank Fraser, who all  distinguished themselves." When the match ended the Vernon team  had a score of three while Kelowna did not score a single goal.  In the evening, the Kelowna team was entertained at a dinner at  the Okanagan Hotel, where an enjoyable time was spent, and both  teams eagerly looking forward to a return match.  In summing up its account of the match, the Vernon News of  Sept. 3, 1896, remarks: "The best of good nature prevailed throughout  and none of the rough play or slugging, which too frequently takes  place at games of this kind, was indulged in by either side. By their  gentlemanly conduct in the field and the good grace with which they  accepted defeat, the Kelowna Club won for themselves golden opinions  in this city, and will always be warmly welcomed when they again  come to town."  On Monday, Aug. 31, Messrs. Neil Thompson and Frayne took  over the Benvoulin Hotel, which they rented from Dan. Nicholson.  The Agricultural and Trades Association of Okanagan Mission,  which had been incorporated earlier in the summer, opened its first  annual exhibition in Kelowna, on Friday, Sept. 25, 1896. With a  short and appropriate address, D. Graham, M.L.A. declared the fair  open.  The weather was all that could be desired and all of the day's  events were a great success. Owing to lack of room, the exhibits were  displayed in two buildings. Raymer's Hall on the south west corner of  Water St. and Bernard Avenue, held a very fine showing of flowers,  fancy work, fruit, dairy products and miscelaneous articles. Apples,  pears, plums and peaches, were shown in large quantities and great  variety, while the showing of fancy work and flowers was excellent.  Unfortunately the space was too small to show everything to advantage.  —To be continued—  (153) <yVlembership <=>L^ist  OKANAGAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY  PATRONS  Richard G. Craster, 2200 34th St., Vernon  Miss Annie Fenton, Enderby  James Goldie, Okanagan Centre  Mrs. D. F. Macorquodale, 84 Beverly Ave., Montreal, Que.  G. R. Stuart, Ewings Landing  HONORARY LIFE MEMBERS  Dr. Margaret Ormsby, University of British Columbia, Vancouver  Rev. J. C. Goodfellow, D.D., Box 187, Princeton, B.C.  Capt. J. B. Weeks, 614 Martin St., Penticton  MEMBERS  Adam, E. L., 578 Rose Ave., Kelowna  Allison, Mrs. Bob, 301 West Ave., Kelowna  Andrew, W. J., 2866 Bellevue Ave., West Vancouver  Andrews, George, 769 E. 25th, Vancouver  Archibald, Mrs. D. A., R.R. 1, Clearwater  Argue, Mrs. G. M., Oliver  Armstrong, Mrs. Gertrude, Cawston  Arnold, Gilbert, R.R. 1, Winfield  Badgley, Mrs. Edna, Box 88, Okanagan Falls  * Bagnall, George C, 10,951 S. Hermosa Ave., Chicago 43, Illinois, U.S.A.  * Bagnall, Guy P., 3317 Coldstream Ave., Vernon  Barlee, Mrs. W. R., Box 31, Okanagan Mission  Bartholomew, H. D., 2304 39th Ave., Vernon  Bates, Mrs. T. W., Osoyoos  Bazett, E. W., 2736 Abbott St., Kelowna  Bean, Mrs. William, Goldbridge  Bedford, J. W., 2021 Stirling Place, Kelowna  Belli-Bivar, Mrs. Ethel, Box 45, Salmon Arm  Benmore, George, 2059 Pandosy St., Kelowna  Bennett, Mrs. C. G., R.R. 1, Box 2278, Penticton  Berkley, Mrs. N., Rock Creek  Berner, Mrs. A., 2500 26th St., Vernon  Berry, A. E., 2401 26th St., Vernon  Berryman, Mrs. D., Oliver  Beurich, W, Osoyoos  Beveridge, G. K., 2000 32nd St., Vernon  Billard, Mrs. Vera, Okanagan Landing  Bingley, Mrs. A., Coldstream Ranch, Vernon  Berthwick Mrs. Stanley, Chinook Cove P.O., North Thompson  Boss, M. T., 455 E. 17th Ave., Vancouver  Boult, A., Keremeos  Bovey, Albert E., The Gravel Pit, Vernon  Bowen-Colthurst, T. G., 219 Victoria St., Kamloops  Bowsher, A. P., R.R. 3, Calgary, Alta.  Brault, Mrs. J. W., 2651 18th Ave., San Francisco, California, U.S.A.  Brett, Mrs., Penticton  Bruce, C. A.. 781 Leon Ave., Kelowna  Bryce, Chas., Cawston  Buckland, Chas D., R.R. 2, Kelowna  Buckland, D. S., Okanagan Mission  Bull, Frank, 169 Grandview, Penticton  Bulman, W. T. J., R.R. 2, Kelowna  Bunce, F. T., 761 Leon Ave., Kelowna  (154) Membership Fist, Okanagan Historical Society  Burtch, Mrs. Henry B., Box 9, R.R. 2, Kelowna  Butler, Mrs. L. G., East Kelowna  Byron-Johnson, R. G., R.R. 4, Vernon  Cail, Mrs. M., Armstrong  Caley, Hugh, R.R. 4, Kelowna.  Cameron, G. D., Box 86, Kelowna  Cameron, J. D., Brunswick St., Penticton  Cameron, James J., 22 Hanover, San Francisco 12, California, U.S.A.  Campbell, Mrs. D., 3204 33rd Ave., Vernon  Carney, T. J., R.R. 1, Box 222, Kelowna  Castoff, F. W., Ladnigdorf, Germany  Castoff, H., Osoyoos  'ĢCawston, Mrs. Verna, 7160 Inverness St., Vancouver  Chambers, E. J., Penticton  * Chichester, Bertram, Box 41, Rutland  * Chichester, B., Black Mountain, Kelowna  Christensen, S. Parker, 2700 30th Ave., Vernon  Churchill, Mrs. G. M., Calgary, Alberta  Clark, Mrs. C, Falkland  Clement, Mrs. C. G., 2276 Speer St., Kelowna  * Clement, J. Percy, 1332 Walnut St., Victoria  Cochrane, Mrs. H, 3106 32nd St., Vernon  Collett, H. C. S., Box 9, Okanagan Mission  Cooper, W., Penticton  Corbett, H. W., Kaleden  Corbett, Mrs. F. H., 995 E. 41st Ave., Vancouver 15  Corner, R. W., R.R. 1, Kelowna  fCosterton, Mrs. Hilda, Grand Forks, B.C.  Cottrell, Mrs. J., 784 St. Denis Ave., North Vancouver  Crozier, Mrs. Ivan, 1801 32nd St., Vernon  Crozier, Mrs. R., Armstrong  Davidson, Alan H., Box 131, Westbank  Davis, Mayor Archer* Grand Forks, B.C.  Deerflinger, Mrs. Ethel, The Maples Tea Room, Mara  Deering, A. J., R.R. 1, Falkland  Denison, Eric N., 3001 28th St., Vernon  Deschamps, L. Fred., 3004 30th Ave., Vernon  Dewdney, Edgar, 428 Balfour St., Penticton  Dewdney, Mrs. W. R., 273 Scott Ave., Penticton  Dobson, Rev. Arthur W., Vernon United Church, Vernon  Dobson, W. K., R.R. 2, Vernon  Dumont, Paul, Osoyoos  Duncan, R., R.R., Penticton  Estabrooks, O. L., 352 Main St., Penticton  Duncan, R., Enderby  Edmiston, J. Reynolds, 2640 Broderick St., San Francisco, U.S.A.  Estabrooks, R. H., 282 Eckhardt Ave., Penticton  Evans, Mrs. Bob, 1157 Government St., Penticton  Faulkner, R., Tennis St., Penticton  Fenton, Richard M., Enderby  Fillmore, D. C, 1470 Water St., Kelowna  Fisher, Mrs. D. V., Trout Creek, West Summerland  Fitzgerald, Mrs. G. D., R.R. 3, Kelowna  Fitzmaurice, R., Long Lake, Vernon  Fleming, Stuart (M.P.), 2001 Schubert Ave., Vernon  Found, Dr. U. P., 427 Lawrence Ave., Kelowna  Fraser, F. J., 5226 Cambie St., Vancouver  Fraser, Major H., Okanagan Falls  Fraser, R. A., 722 Lawson Ave., Kelowna  (155) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  Gayton, C. A., Summerland  Gellatly, Mrs. Dorothy, Westbank  Gervers, John, R.R. 2, Kelowna  Godwin, Fred, 380 Wade St., Penticton  Gorman, Harry, 3503 30th Ave., Vernon  Graf, W., Osoyoos  Graham, G. G.. Osoyoos  Grant, James, Box 744, Vernon  Graham, Mrs. Wm., Kalomal Lodge, Hedley  Gray, A. W., Box 100, Rutland  Gray, Robert, 1774 Carrick St., Victoria  Gray, Mr. and Mrs. Tommy, Mara  Gregory, Mrs. C, R.R., Armstrong  Griffiths, H. T., 540 Burrard St., Vancouver  Griffin, James, c/o City Hall, Vernon  Greenside, E. L., 1758 Ellis St., Kelowna  * Guichon, L. P., Quilchena  Hack, Mrs. F. W., R.R., Oliver  Hales, F. C, 1069 Harvey Ave., Kelowna  Hall, Robt. O., Oliver  Hallett, J., Box 44, Oliver  Hamilton, Wm. D., R.R. 4, Vernon  Hanson, Ivor, R.R. 1, Lumby  Harris, Frank, Vernon News, Vernon  Harris, J. G., Naramata Rd., R.R. 1, Penticton  Harwood, Fred V., 3102 41st Ave., Vernon  Hassen, Mat., Armstrong  Hatfield, A. S., Fairview Rd., Penticton  Hayhurst, Cliff., R.R., Armstrong  Haug, Roy, 1746 Water St., Kelowna  Havnes, Val C, Oliver  Hayward, W., 3108 24th St., Vernon  Hereron, Miss F.. 579 Sutherland Ave., Kelowna  Hewer, E. E., Chase  Higgin, Noel, Summerland  Hooper, J. L., Penticton  Hopkins, Mrs. J. L., Armstrong  Howrie, David, Sr., 2507 37th Ave., Vernon  Hoy, Ben, 1902 Pendozi St., Kelowna  * Hugh, Fabian, Cloverdale  Humphreys, A. N., R.R. 4, Vernon  Humphrey, Mrs. L. S., 3802 25th Ave., Vernon  Hunter, Floyd, Wilson Ave., Armstrong  Hunter, Ivan, Box 397, Oliver  Hurmuses, Jeff, Kalamalka Hotel, Vernon  Inkster, Dr. W. H., 3303 31st St., Vernon  Jackson, Mrs. Oliver, Box 64A, R.R. 3, Kelowna  Jacques, George, 3122 Barnard Ave., Vernon  Jamieson, W. H, 862 Moosejaw St., Penticton  Jamieson, Mrs. J. E., Armstrong  Johnson, Mrs. J. A., R.R .1, Sexsmith Rd., Kelowna  Kabella, Mrs. S., R.R. 4, Kelowna  Keating, H. K., 452 Birch Ave., Kelowna  Kehoe, J., Osoyoos  Kennedy, Mrs. B., 478 St. Paul St., Kamloops  Kinlock, Mrs. D. F. B., R.R. 2, Vernon  Kneller, Jabez, R.R. 4, Vernon  Knight, Graham, 450 Ellis St., Penticton  Knowles, C. W., 2641 North St., Kelowna  (156) Membership Fist, Okanagan Historical Society  Knowles, Mrs. J. B., 879 Manhattan Drive, Kelowna  Lamont, Mrs. J., R.R. 4, Kelowna  Lewis, Geo., Summerland  Lincoln, Maurice, 3500 32nd St., Vernon  Jones, Mrs. W. Lloyd, 1449 Ethel St., Kelowna  Kitto, Kenneth, 3502 33rd St., Vernon  Lea, George, 1345 Gordon Ave., West Vancouver  Lloyd, A. K., 381 Glenwood Ave., Kelowna  Logie, W. J., 390 Royal Ave., Kelowna  Lowell, F. F. W., Skaha Lake, Penticton  * Lutener, Mrs. C. S., Oyama  McClelland, J., 990 Richter St., Kelowna  McCulloch, Capt. W. A. W.,  1939 Abbott St., Kelowna  McCulloch, Mrs. V., 1500 39th Ave., Vernon  McDonald, A. D., Winnipeg St., Penticton  McDonald, F. O., Oliver  McDougall, Mrs. H., 1094 Lawson Ave., Kelowna  McDougal, Miss C, Peachland  McDougall, R. J., Sorrento  McGie, W. Ross, Armstrong  McGuire, M. V., Kalamalka Lake, Vernon  McKay, T. C, Jeune Landing, B.C.  McKenzie, Rt. Rev. W. B., 839 Sutherland Ave., Kelowna  McMynn, D. J., Trail  McOraiond, John D., 1652 Sowdon St., North Vancouver  MacFarlane, Hon. Mr. Justice, Supreme Court, Victoria  Macfarlane, Mrs. J. N., R.R. 1, Kelowna  Mack, W., Box 89, R.R. 2, Kelowna  Malinchuk, J., 34th St., Vernon  Manery, Sam R., Cawston  Marriage, F. T., 424 Park Ave., Kelowna  Marshall, A., Armstrong  * Martin, W. A., 3208 17th St., Vernon  Massy, G. E., 71 High St., Victoria  Masters, Mrs. H. I., 3107 26th St., Vernon  Melville, Jack K., Home Oil Distributors Ltd., 355 Burrard St.,  Vancouver 1, B.C.  Metcalfe, Dennis P., 560 Rithet St., Victoria  Middleton, Mrs. Douglas, Okanagan Centre  Middleton, Mrs. M., Jade Bay, Oyama  Mitchell, Miss J. B., 1716 Pandosy Manor, Kelowna  Mohr, Mrs. M., 2506 36th Ave., Vernon  Morrison, G. P., 644 Kingsway, Winnipeg, Man.  Morrison, J. A., 740 Lawson Ave., Kelowna  Moss, Mrs. A., 2500 Abbott St., Kelowna  Munro, Finlay, 1701 Fairford Ave., Penticton  Munro, Mrs. K. K., Box 129, Kelowna  Murray, F. J., Lake Shore Road, Salmon Arm  Murray, Miss P., Armstrong  Nelson, Miss E. P., Keremeos  Netherton, Dr. W. J., Winnipeg St., Penticton  Nuttall, Mrs. W., Naramata  Oliver, W. J., 3112 21st Ave., Vernon  Orme, Miss E., 2003 32nd Ave., Vernon  Overton, Cyril, Oliver  Patterson, Mrs. A. L., Ste. 15, 1489 St. Paul St., Kelowna  Osborne, John, 2270 Ottawa Street, West Vancouver  Patten, Mrs. C. J., Enderby, B.C.  Patterson, Mrs. Bertha, Princeton  (157) The Okanagan Historical Society—1959  Paul, Frank, 1804 30th Ave., Vernon  Perley, Rev. D. M., 1846 Water St., Kelowna  * Peterman, A. N, Box 193, Oliver  Peter, Mrs. S., Box 11, Summerland  Phillips, Dr. J. H., 2107 27th Ave., Vernon  Philpott, Gordon, 1211 Ethel St., Kelowna  Priddocks, Mrs. J. L., R.R. 2, Anderson Rd., Kelowna  Pittendrigh, Mrs. T. S., 467 Park Ave., Kelowna  Popham, Roy, 1905 37th Ave., Vernon  Porter, Mrs. Geo., East Kelowna  * Pound, Rev. Allan C, M.Th., 1343 Haywood Ave., West Vancouver  Powley, W. R., R.R. 1, Winfield  Quesnel, Earl, 2905 24th St., Vernon  Quigley, W. D., R.R. 3, No. 5, Kelowna  Quinn, Dr. F. H, 1975 McDougall Ave., Kelowna  Reader, Mrs. Aandry, Salmon Arm  Reekie, Miss Jeanetta, 429 Park Ave., Kelowna  Reed, H. S., 2401 25th Ave., Vernon  * Reid, Miss E., 614 Martin St., Penticton  Reid, Mrs. Gladys, 1807 Marshall St., Kelowna  Reith, Miss H., Winnipeg St., Penticton  Renwick, H. A., 708 1449 Marpole Ave., Vancouver  Renwick, Miss M. I., 987 Glenn Ave., Kelowna  Robbins, F., Aberdeen, Washington, U.S.A.  Rorke, H. O., 624 Young St., Penticton  Ross, Dr. D. A., 1703 37th Ave., Vernon  Sanders, S., Christina Lake, Oliver  Seath, R. W., 1934 McDougall Ave., Kelowna  Seymour, S. P., 311 Barnard Ave., Vernon  Shannon, Mrs. R., Oliver  Shaw, Mrs. J. D., Box 2290, R.R. 1, Penticton  Sigalet, W. A., 2806 32nd St., Vernon  Simms, J. G., 3303 26th St.. Vernon  Sims, W., 2191 Munroe St., North Bend, Oregon, U.S.A.  Simpson, H. B., 176 Vimy Ave., Kelowna  Simpson, N. V., R.R. 1, Oliver  Simpson, Mrs. R. M., 808 Glenn Ave., Kelowna  Simpson, Mrs. S. M., 2120 Abbott St., Kelowna  Simpson, Col. D. C, 835 Bernard Ave., Kelowna  Sismay, Eric D., 1348 Government St., Penticton  Skipper, R. V., Box 34, Dewdney  Smith, Mrs. Aird, 3101 39th Ave., Vernon  Smith, George, Armstrong  Smith, H. S. Harrison, 434 Bernard Ave., Kelowna  Smith, J. A., P.O. Box 184, Kelowna  Solly, I. H., Care Bank of Montreal, Esquimalt  South, Mrs. G. I., 603 Van Horn St., Penticton  Sovereign, Rt. Rev. Bishop A. H., 2501 23rd St., Vernon  Spear, Mrs. W., R.R. 1, Kelowna  * Speechly, M. K., R.R. 2, Vernon  Stadola, S., Osoyoos Times, Osoyoos  Stuart, C. E., Box 666, R.R. 3, Kelowna  Stubbs, Mrs. Archie S., Okanagan Mission  Sunderland, Mrs. E. J., R.R. 2, Vernon  Swift, A. A., 281 Haynes St., Penticton  Tassie, G. C, R.R. 2, Vernon  Teasdale, J., Okanagan Falls  Thomas, E., Okanagan Falls  Thompson, Miss A. B., 446 Park Ave., Kelowna  (158) Membership Fist, Okanagan Historical Society  Thornloe Jr., F., East Kelowna  Timberlake, Mrs. F., Armstrong  Timpany, Mrs. L., Salmon Arm  Torrent, Henry, R.R. 2, Vernon  Truswell, H. A., Box 272, Kelowna  Turner, Miss Barbara, Nurses' Residence (Room 801) Vancouver General  Hospital j  Turner, R. G., Box 1305, Rossland  Turner, R. M. H., Care H. Rennie, R.R. 1, Summerland  Upton, Mrs. T. B., Box 1, Okanagan Mission  * Van Blaricom, E. W., Box 113, Kelowna  Venus, Mrs. Laura, North Bend, B.C.  Vosper, Capt. J. D., West Vancouver  Walburn, H. G., R.R. 5, Kelowna  Walker, Mrs. W. D., Okanagan Mission  Wallace, Mrs. Barbara, R.R. 4, Kelowna  Ward, Arthur, R.R. 3, Kelowna  Ward, H., R.R. 3, Kelowna  Warren, Mrs. A. M., 854 Main St., Penticton  Watt, Geo. M., Box 48, Okanagan Mission  Weatherill, H. P., Care Royal Bank, Vancouver  Weddell, A. D., 274 Lake Ave., Kelowna  Weddell, Mrs. Cyril, Box 120, Rutland  Weddell, E. C, 1659 Pendozi St., Kelowna  Weeks, E., Box 393, Kelowna  * Weeks, G. A., Box 637, Revelstoke  * Weeks, L. J., 3211 Kitchener St., Vancouver  * Weeks, T. V., 235A 16th Ave., Calgary, Alta.  Whitaker, Mrs. H. H., Penticton  Whitaker, Mr. and Mrs. H. C, West Summerland  Whitaker, Mr. H., Penticton  White, Ronald, 107 Battle St., Kamloops  White, Mrs. R. B., Skaha Lake, Penticton  Whitehead, W. J., 970 Lawson Ave., Kelowna  Whitehouse, Mrs., Salmon Arm  Whitham, J. D., 1725 Pendozi St., Kelowna  Whitham, J. Gordon, 1725 Pendozi St., Kelowna  Whyte, Bryson, 2300 23rd Ave., Vernon  Willis, Mrs. Mary, 3837 Cartier St., Vancouver  Willits, Mrs. P. B., 1716 Pendozi St., Kelowna  Wilson, Jack, Tappen  Wilson, Mrs. J. H.. Armstrong  Wilson, Miss J. P., 308 Brunswick St., Penticton  Wilson, Mrs. Ruth, 3601 31st St., Vernon  Wilson, Dr. Wallace, 1386 Nicola St., Vancouver  Winkles, Mrs. W. H., Armstrong  Woods, J. B., Okanagan Landing  Woods, J. J., Saanichton  Woods, Mrs. Ray M., Box 235, Westbank  Wright, C. C, Box 418, Armstrong  Young, Mrs. B. F., Armstrong  Zoellner, Mrs. W. J., Box 55, Grand Forks, B.C.  GOVERNMENT   DEPARTMENTS,   UNIVERSITIES,   SCHOOLS  MUNICIPALITIES, OTHER PUBLIC BODIES AND  COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS  National Library, Public Archives of Canada, Ottawa  The Library, National Museum of Canada, Ottawa 4  Parliamentary Librarian, Library of Parliament, Ottawa  Provincial Archives, Victoria, B.C.  (159) The Okanagan Historical Society—-1959  Provincial Museum, Victoria, B.C.  Public Library Commission, Victoria, B.C.  Order Division, Library of Congress, Washington 25, D.C., U.S.A.  Gonzaga University, Spokane 2, Washington, U.S.A.  University of British Columbia, Library, Vancouver, B.C.  McGill University Library, Montreal, Quebec  Eastern Washington College of Education, Chaney, Washington, U.S.A.  State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 816 State St., Madison, Wisconsin,  U.S.A.  Seattle Public Library, Seattle, Washington, U.S.A.  State College of Washington Library, Techanical Service Division, Pul-  man, Washington, U.S.A.  New York Public Library, Acquisition Branch, 5th Ave. and 42nd St.,  New York, U.S.A.  Historical Society of Montana, Helena, Montana, U.S.A.  City of Vernon, Board of Museum and Archives, Vernon, B.C.  Vancouver City Archives, City Hall, Vancouver, B.C.  Tacoma Public Library, Tacoma, Washington, U.S.A.  Toronto Public Libraries, 214 College St., Toronto 2B, Ontario  Vancouver Library Board, Vancouver, B.C.  Fraser Valley Regional Library, Abbotsford, B.C.  Municipality of Spallumcheen, Armstrong, B.C.  Okanagan Union Library, Kelowna, B.C.  Okanagan Regional Library, Queensway, Kelowna, B.C.  Public Library, 425 Brunswick Street, Prince George, B.C.  Kamloops Museum Association, Box 337, Kamloops, B.C.  Spokane Public Library, South 10 Cedar, Spokane 4, Washington, U.S.A.  Calgary Public Library, 624 9th Ave. S.W., Calgary, Alberta  Victoria Public Library, Victoria, B.C.  The Newbury Library, Chicago 10, Illinois, U.S.A.  Glenbow Foundation, Calgary, Alberta  South Similkameen P-TA, c/o Mrs. A. Advocaat, Keremeos, B.C.  Vernon Club, Vernon, B.C.  Kelowna City Club, Kelowna, B.C.  Laurel Co-operative Union, 1304 Ellis St., Kelowna, B.C.  St. George's School, 3954 West 29th Ave., Vancouver, B.C.  Victoria College, Librarian, 3155 Richmond Road, Victoria, B.C.  Carmi Avenue School, School District 15, Penticton, B.C.  Queen's Park Elementary School, S.D. 15, Penticton, B.C.  Secretary, School District 16, Keremeos, B.C.  Junior Senior High School, S.D. 21, Armstrong, B.C.  Secretary, School District 22, Vernon, B.C.  Lumby Elementary School, S.D. 22, Lumby, B.C.  Central Elementary School, S.D. 22, Vernon, B.C.  West Summerland High School, S.D. 77, West Summerland, B.C.  Secretary, School District 78, Enderby, B.C.  University of Toronto Library, Toronto 5, Ontario  Okanagan Museum and Archives, 244 Mill Avenue, Kelowna, B.(  Wayside Press, 31st Avenue, Vernon, B.C.  CJIB, Radio Broadcasting Station, Vernon, B.C.  Penticton Herald, Penticton, B.C. **'  CKOV, 1490 Pendozi Street, Kelowna, B.C.  B.C. Directories Ltd., 2733 West Broadway, Vancouver, B.C.  CKOK Radio Broadcasting Station, Penticton, B.C.  R. A. and Lillian Davies, 3468 Melrose Avenue, Montreal, Quebec  (Davies Book Company Limited)  *—Prepaid Membership  Addresses given are B.C. unless otherwise stated.  V>  (160)  <£_- ^ £>   .  .*#  <$«  #;?l  m  .<■:- THE VERNON :;W« _.T»

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