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Kinesis Sep 1, 1994

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 SEPTEMBER 1994   QUEBEC ELECTJO^gLEftfegfraa S~*~i CMPA $2.25 KINESIS  #301-1720 Grant Street  Vancouver, BC V5L 2Y6  Tel: (604)255-5499  Fax:(604)255-5511  Kinesis welcomes volunteers to work on  all aspects of the paper. Our next  Writers' Meeting is Sep 6 for the Oct  issue and Oct 4 for the Nov issue, at 7  pm at Kinesis. All women welcome even  if you don't have experience.  Kinesis is published ten times a year by  the Vancouver Status of Women. Its  objectives are to be a non-sectarian  feminist voice for women and to work  actively for social change, specifically  combatting sexism, racism,classism,  homophobia, ableism, and imperialism.  Views expressed in Kinesis are those o  the writer and do not necessarily reflect  VSW policy. All unsigned material is the  responsibility of the Kinesis Editorial  Board.  EDITORIAL BOARD  Shannon e. Ash, Lissa Geller,  Agnes Huang, Fatima Jaffer  PRODUCTION THIS ISSUE  Shannon e. Ash, Fatima Jaffer, Tanya  de Haan, Robyn Hall, Winnifred Tovey,  jWendy Frost, Nancy, Poliak, Lael Sleep  Amal Hassan, wendy lee kenward, Liz  Kendall, Leah Ibbitson, Joelle Paton,  Teresa McCarthy, Coleen Hennig  Advertising: Cynthia Low  Circulation.Cat L'Hirondelle, Jennifer  Johnstone, Christine Cosby  Distribution: Cynthia Low  Production Co-ordinator: Agnes Huang  Typesetter: Sur Mehat  FRONT COVER  Photo by  PRESS DATE  August 23, 1994  SUBSCRIPTIONS  lndividual:$20 per year (+$1.40 GST)  or what you can afford  Institutions/Groups:  $45 per year (+$3.15 GST)  VSW Membership (includes 1 year  Kinesis subscription):  $30 per year (+$1.40 GST)  SUBMISSIONS  Women and girls are welcome to make  submissions. We reserve the right to  edit and submission does not guarantee  publication. If possible, submissions  should be typed, double spaced and  must be signed and include an address  telephone number and SASE. Kinesis  does not accept poetry or fiction.  Editorial guidelines are available upon  request.  DEADLINES  All submissions must be received in the  month preceding publication. Note: Jul/  Aug and Dec/Jan are double issues.  Features and reviews: 10th  News: 15th  Letters and Bulletin Board: 18th  Display advertising  (camera ready): 18th  (design required): 16th  Kinesis is produced on a Warner  Doppler PC using Wordperfect 5.1,  PageMaker 4.0 and an NEC laser  printer. Camera work by Midtown  Graphics. Printing by Horizon  Publications.  Kinesis is indexed in the Canadian  Women's Periodicals Index,  the Alternative Press Index and is a  member of the Canadian Magazine  PublishersAssociation.  ISSN 0317-9095  Publications mail registration #6426  1 974-1 V94  News  Elections in Quebec 3  by Miche Hill  SFU Feminist Institute 4  by Nancy Poliak  Women Hold conference on social policy 5  by Jackie Brown  Workfare 'n Kounselling 5  by Seenit Beenthere  Features  International Conference on Population and Development 9  as told to Agnes Huang  NAFTA and the Mexican Elections 10  by Maria Julie Amestoy  Greening our Cities 11  by Shannon e. Ash  Reprint: Interview with Himani Bannerji 14  as told to Fatima Jaffer  20th Anniversary Quiz 16  by Sur Mehat  Centrespread  RWANDA:  Interview with Pascasia Kobazaire 12  as told to L. Muthoni Wanyeki  An Abbreviated History 12  compile by L. Muthoni Wanyeki  Commentary 13  by L. Muthoni Wanyeki  Women and the Quebec elections 3  Regulars  As Kinesis Goes to Press 2  Inside Kinesis 2  What's News 6  by Shannon e. Ash and Teresa McCarthy  Movement Matters 8  by Laiwan and Wei Yuen Fong  Paging Women 17  by Lissa Geller, Wendy Frost,  Smita Patil, Wei Yuen Fong and Lael Sleep  Letters 19  Rwanda  Bulletin Board   compiled by Liz Kendall, Tracy Dietrich,  wendy lee kenward, and Wendy Frost  ..21  The next writers'  meetings are on  September 6 & October 4  @ 7 pm at VSW  #301-1720 Grant St  Mhb?^  1  ^IB   W ^^^mfW^m  k ~"  ilf'-':mS^^mim '*%  \   f-^^ws  Paging Women..  SEPTEMBER 1994 o news would toe  better news  \s  We're back, after one of the warmest  summers ever in Vancouver...looking  healthier and a lot less washed out than a  couple of months ago. August started off  slow...News broke late and we went to press  earlier than usual this month (our production schedule has to do with some Pope who  came up with the Western calendar system.)  We called some contacts in Toronto to find  out if August was a slow month out there  too., it was, we were told. Then we called  Montreal and found out Quebec was having  an election in September.  ...you see, for our daily amusement, we  mostly read The Globe and Mail and The  Vancouver Sun or wqtch the national TV  news shows, and from those sources, we  knew that there was some kind of threat to  Canada brewing in Quebec. Good thing  Kinesis has a few friends in Quebec to set us  straight. So there you have it. It is not Separatism that is brewing, but an Election. Our  s tory on page 3 sketchesout what some women  in Quebec are doing to raise issues of concern to women ...unfortunately, things are so  hectic there, we had difficulty reaching many  women for comments. However, most of  the women we talked to were pleased Kinesis  was writing a story on the Quebec  elections. .."Noone seems to care. No progressive paper has really taken up these  issues yet...," said one woman.  On the topic of elections, we have been  watching the elections in Mexico... [read  story on page 10]. As Kinesis goes to press, the  results of the ballot count in Mexico are  coming in...unconfirmed reports put the  rightwingPRI-which has ruled Mexico since  1929, and brought maquiladoras,  transnational corporations and NAFTA into  the lives of women and campasinos [peasants]-back in power. Protests have sprung  up all over the country, and the Zapatistas in  Chiapas [remember the New Year Revolution in Chiapas in our February issue] continue to fight the state's militia.  Meanwhile in Canada [including Quebec, at this point], the federal government's  Social Policy review is due to be released  mid-September. Originally billed as the Liberal government's Action Plan for "improving" social programs-unemployment insurance, retraining, child benefits, childcare,  and transfer payments to provinces for  healthcare, welfare, etc-and by the way, reducing the $40 billion federal budget for  social spending, it could end up being more  of a discussion paper.  The Women's Social Policy Review  Conference that took place in Vancouver in  July [see page 5] is just one of the many many  conferences and campaigns planned by  women's groups across the country to develop a feminist vision of the Canadian social safety net and devise strategies to ensure  the burden of the "reform" doesn't fall heavily on women and children. By the way,  Seenit Beenthere's story [also page 5] is satiri-  cal-theAxman'sWorkfareandKounselling  Centre doesn't really open until later this  month.  Moving along, another federal body has  been in the news lately. Seems the secretive  Canadian Security and Intelligence Service has been really charitable these days,  donating financial, personnel and technical  assistance to white supremacist groups in  Canada. Bet you didn't know CSIS does  more than bug the telephones of feminists,  anti-free trade and anti-racist activists, and  other lowlife left-wing types. Okay, so some  of you did know they were providing assistance to the white supremacist group, the  Heritage Front and the Reform Party. After  the news broke, someone commented in the  Kinesis production room that it's funny [she  didn't mean ha ha!] how the media is jus' so  appalled that a CSIS guy might have been  working for the Reform Party, while noone's  questioning how come the Reform Party's  security gua rds are members of the Heritage  Front.  Meanwhile, rumour has it that the  ^Thanks  Our thanks to Vancouver Status of Women members who support us year 'round with  memberships and donations. Our appreciation to the following supporters who became  members, renewed their memberships or donated to VSW in July:  Cathy Bannink * Debra Browning * Barbara Curran * Cathy Davidson-Hall * Nancy  Dickie * Michelle Dodds * Gloria Filax * Sharon Lambright * Barbara Lebrasseur * Neil  Power * Catherine Rev ell * Russell & Dumoulin * Janet Shaw * Mary-Woo Sims * Sheilah  Thompson * Women's Work Screen Print  We would like to say a very special thank you to the following supporters who have  responded so generously to our annual spring fundraising appeal. The ongoing support of  VSW donors, as well as the support of many new donors, is crucial to the expansion of VSW's  vital services and programs in the face of continued government cuts to our funding. We are  very thankful to:  Janet Berman » Betty-Ann Buss * CUPE Local 2950 * Elsie Eccles * Mary Frey * Stan  Gabriel * Janine Gavin * Carole Gerson * Darby Honeyman * Rosalind Kellett * Donna  Kydd * Alyssa Lehmann * Betty Nonay * Susan O'Donnell * Marion Pollack * Janet  Routledge * Lisa Turner  CORRECTION  writer who broke the story of The CSIS  Agent Who Helped Build The Heritage Front  And Was Preston Manning's Bodyguard, is  a ppa rently researching beyond Canada, tracing similar links between government "security" services in Western European countries, and the growth of white supremacist  groups in those countries.  Anyway, there has been no comment  from CSIS yet. We, at Kinesis, however, do  know how to get CSIS to talk. In Vancouver,  CSIS is located across the road from the  Anza Club, and if you walk too close to the  building with shaded windows and mini-  cameras crudely placed along the buildings  walls, an electronic CSIS voice will call out:  "Step away from the building!" Try it. But  not alone.  Also in Vancouver, in the past six weeks,  there has been an increase in the organization and recruitment of people into the neo-  Nazi skinhead movement in the downtown core. Apparently, 30 skinheads have  been recruiting street youth with offers of  food, clothing, shelter and money. Recently,  there has been one reported attempted rape  of a woman, and one woman was doused  with lighter fluid and set on fire. First Nations people, people of colour and immigrants of colour have been assaulted. Lesbians and gay men have been harassed, as  have people with physical or mental disabilities. As we go to press, the BC Organization to Fight Racism is calling a public  community forum to address the issue of  hate group organizing and recruitment, as  well as to address the lack of services for  street youth. Kinesis will report on that meeting in an upcoming issue.  Another story we're working on for an  upcoming issue looks at the recently [but to  close to our press deadlines to cover] released BC Task Force Report on Access to  Contraception and Abortion Services. The  report focuses on how to improve education  about, information on, and access to contraceptives and abortion services in BC.  One more update as Kinesis goes to  press. We carry a story on the violent harassment of abortion clinic workers and patients  at Everywoman's Health Centre in Vancouver by anti-choice activists on page 6. We  just heard that the special prosecutor appointed by the BC government to look into  whether the Attorney Ceneral's Office should  proceed with charges against Gordon  Watson, the anti-choice activist in question,  has decided that charges will indeed be laid  against Watson. Watson will appear before  the BC Supreme Court on September 12th on  contempt proceedings and before the Provincial Court of BC on assault charges.  That's pretty much all we have for this  month's As Kinesis Goes To., well, we have  a few minutes before presstime for one last  little scoop. (At least we thought we had the  scoop on it until today.) Judy Rebick will  be co-hosting a television debate show called  Facing Off on CBC News World, beginning  ' September 19that8pm. Her partner in slime  will be Toronto Sun columnist, Claire Hoy (a  boy) with nasty rightwing politics. On the  good side, Hoy is, at least, honest. So if you  have cable TV, tune in on September 19th--  there's something [Rebick] on the tube worth  watching. Don't miss it.  ^ £>^4  Wellhereweare...summer'salmostover  and we're back at work. We had a month off  to prepare for the rest of our 20th year. Did  you miss us? We missed you.  Kinesis has three sad goodbyes—two of  our most tireless volunteers and long-time  Ed Board members, Gladys We and Faith  Jones, and our advertising and distribution  coordinator, Cythia Low, have decided  they've had enough!...at least for a while.  (We'll give them three months, then they'll  be back.)  Gladys was our very own computer  expert, fix-it gal, and all-around great volunteer. If Gladys couldn't solve our computer  woes with her own bare hands, she usually  was able to find someone who could. We'll  really miss Gladys especially now, because  we can hardly see anything on our computer  monitor, so you can't blame us for any of the  tyyppos. Gladys was always very  optimistic..she had confidence that we  would get the paper done before the deadline passed. And she was always so cheery  and ready to help out on short notice. How  can we not miss her! Happy trails, Gladys.  As for Faith, what can we say except  she hung in for the long haul and now  understandably needs a rest? Faith wrote for  Kinesis, proofed for Kinesis, helped edit for  Kinesis, pasted up Kinesis, helped out at  benefits for Kinesis.. .you get the picture don't  you? Oh, and she also went to school full-  time, full-year, and had time to can dozens  of jars of pears in her spare(?) time. So, now  she's taking a break for a little while. Rest up  Faith and we'll see you soon...we hope.  Our advertising and distribution coordinator Cynthia Low has decided to hitch up  the team (consisting of one dog) and head  out toward the sunset. Yes, Cynthia is leaving us after doing a bang-up job hustling up  some new advertisers for us and keeping the  old ones on board. She's going forth to sell  her wares, which, for those of you who don't  know, are some of the best functional and  durable ceramics around. Best of luck  Cynthia, and thanks again for a tough job  well done. And we'll miss you too, Lizzie.  So, as you've probably already guessed,  We're needing to hire a new advertising  coordinator and distribution coordinator.  The deadline is Tuesday September 6 at 5pm  sharp. Check Bulletin Board, page 22 for  more information regarding these two positions.  Now it's time to welcome the women  who came in to volunteer at Kinesis for the  first (and certainly not the last) time. Welcome to new writers this issue: Seenit  Beenthere, Maria Julie Amestoy, Pascasia  Kabazaire, and Shree Mulay.  Welcome to new production volunteers  Joelle Paton and Leah Ibbiston. Joelle came .  in during the heat of production and did an  excellent job proofreading. Next time, we'll  let her wield an x-acto knife. And Leah was  amazing on PageMaker, whipping of great  ad designs.  And one final thing., .we'll soon be coming out with 20th anniversary postcards,  designed by six women artists in  Canada...Stay tuned for details. And hey,  you can still get an anniversary t-shirt!  Okay, here's our apology for the issue...  The gals from WomenFutures called us to let us know that we printed the wrong price  for their handbook on community economic development, Counting Ourselves In (in  Movement Matters, May 1994). We listed the price our the book as being $13, but in fact it's  only $12 (plus $3 for postage and handling if you want the handbook mailed to you).  They also told us that Counting Ourselves In is now available in French too. If you want  a copy, call WomenFutures at (604) 737-1338, or write to them at 217-1956 WestBroadway,  Vancouver, BC, V6J1Z2.  i   1 binloaig alboui wjriiieg for lKvinesis?    @  1 lb ere s a cleaclline.      (§)  "Bui it is Kiaesis..." © •255-5499<  SEPTEMBER 1994 News  Women and the Quebec elections:  Coalition gears up  by Miche Hill  The date is set, September 12. The provincial election has been called in Quebec and the  race is on. The politicians scramble. The mainstream media churns out scary separatism  tales. Not a word yet about women in Quebec.  What's going on?  Mary Hannenburg of the  Quebec Native Women' Association points  out that most Aboriginal women are not  really involved in the provincial political  process. "I can't speak for all Aboriginal  women, but for many women, it's a wait  and see attitude. We don't know who we  will be dealing with, who we will be negotiating with— we just have to wait and see  what happens. The federal government  hasn'tbeen too interested in helping women  in the communities deal with the problems  they are facing. Most women won't be participating in the election—they aren't letting  voter registration happen on their territo-  ries-and very few women will actually  vote."  Although the focus is on the two front  running parties, the Quebec Liberals and the  Parti Quebecois, not one of the 24 political  parties registered to run candidates in this  provincial election have made women's issues  a major focus so far.  Women's groups, including La Federation des Femmes du Quebec, the Quebec Native Women's Association, Women's Committees from unions along with over 50 NAC  member organizations are forming a coalition  to raise women's issues in the upcoming  Quebec provincial election. As Kinesis goes to  press, the coalition is organanising a press  conference to ensure women's issues and concerns are raised during the campaign.  "We want to know how the parties are  going to address women's issues" says  Raymonde Leblanc, Quebec regional representative of the National Action Committee on  the Status of Women (NAC.)  "All the national [Quebec] women's organizations in Quebec will be joining together  in coalition to raise the profile of women's  issues in this campaign." The coalition will be  building on work done by women's groups  during the federal election.  The coalition will be asking the Parties  questions on women's employment, the  economy and social issues, as well as on immigrant women's rights, childcare, and funding  to women's groups.They will also be releasing  a paper on women's poverty in the next few  days.  The need for the women's movement in  Quebec, as in other provinces to mobilize  around the issue of women's poverty, unemployment and social programs is critical.  "All the  national [Quebec]  women's organizations  in Quebec  will be joining together  in coalition  to raise the profile  of women's issues  in this campaign."  - Raymonde Leblanc -  Unemployment in Quebec is at record  levels, and women tend to be hit hardest.  "The real unemployment rate is 22 percent, and in some areas, it is much worse,"  says Leblanc.  Shree Mulay of Montreal's South Asian  Women's Centre says that the employment  situation for immigrant women, especially  women of colour^ is in fact much worse.  "A lot of jobs have been lost, in the  garment industry for example, has had a direct impact on immigrant women," says  Mulay.  "We are asking for some basic changes,  such as raising the minimum wage." Mulay  says this is the kind of concrete solution they  know the government can introduce without  major legislative changes, to help address the  economic crunch women are facing.  So far most of the converage on the election by the English mainstream media has  focussed on the sovereignly question, even  though both major parties [the Parti Quebecois  and the Liberals] have attempted to shift the  focus of the campaign towards each party's  economic plans for the province.  Leblanc and Mulay agree that focusing  only on the sovereignty issue is simplifiying  matters. "Poverty is the main issue for women  in Quebec. Jobs, the economy and social programs, it's all connected", said Leblanc.  While many of the women's groups in  the Coalition are generally supportive of self-  determination for Quebec, Mulay says  many immigrant groups and individuals are  concerned that the PQ has not demonstrated a  clear commitment to protecting the rights of  immigrants in an independant Quebec.  "ImmigrantwomenseethePQasathreat-  -whether that's true or not-that's the general  attitude," says Mulay "They're worried about  what will happen, concerned about the free  movement of people across the borders [between Quebec and Canada].  "But immigrants in Quebec are also very  disilussioned with the Liberals. They [the Liberals] haven't come through with their election promises and people aren't happy. Where  are the jobs? Immigrant women are unemployed in greater numbers-the job loss in the  garment industry has had a greater impact  on immigrant women."  Since the Free Trade Agreement with  the US came into effect, the garment industry , which has been a major employer of  immigrantwomen, has lost 80,000 jobs"But  , when push comes to shove, [immigrants]  will probably vote Liberal because they are  so afraid of the PQ."  However, Mulay says most immigrant  women's organizations, such as the South  Asian Women's Centre, will be participating in the non-partisan Quebec Women's  Coalition to ensure the concerns of immigrants and of women in general are placed  on the table during the campaign.  "We had some pretty good forums and  debates on women's issues in the federal  election, and this [press conference] will be  our first attempt to spark discussion on  these issues during the provincial election."  says Mulay. "We will, for example, be asking individual candidates to sign a form  supporting a pay equity law."  The Coalition's press conference is the  first step in what they see as long term  organizing. The coalition is also planning a  women's march on Quebec city, whatever  the results of the election, in the Spring.  Miche Hill is a Mi 'kmak volunteer writer  for Kinesis, with roots in Quebec.  SEPTEMBER 1994 News  Feminist institute at SFU:  Coming down the hill  The Feminist Institute for Studies on  Law and Society wa s born on Burnaby mountain, within the remote concrete maze of  Simon Fraser University. Since 1989, the  organization has mainly served its academic  constituency: feminist women and men  working in university criminology and law  faculties.  But this September, the Feminist Institute will travel down the mountain for a free,  day-long public event, the first move in its  goal of linking community and academic  activists.  "The tradition has been that the university comes down the hill and bestows information or 'knowledge' on the community,"  says Institute director, Karlene Faith. "The  new tradition should be that the community  goes up the hill and makes demands of the  university."  The September 17th symposium—Social and Legal Issues onFeministHorizons—  will highlight lawyer Anita Braha speaking  on lesbians and the law. It also features  presentations on male survivors of childhood sexual abuse (studentKathleen Burke);  policy issues related to pregnant women  and mothers who use illicit drugs and alcohol (student Susan Boyd); First Nations  women and self-determination (Gloria  Nicolson of the Professional Native Women's Association); and women and psychiatry (student Jackie Coates).  Faith, who teaches in SFU's criminology faculty and recently wrote the award-  winning book, Unruly Women: The Politics of  Confinement & Resistance (Press Gang Publishers), is passionate about the need for  students and teachers to engage with community issues-and for grassroots feminists  to exercise "their entitlement" to the university's resources.  "Within the community, there are  antagonisms towards the university that are  deserved," says Faith. "Universities can be  elitist and heavily competitive. Tuition costs  are rising and there is declining support for  mature students, who are primarily single  mothers. And some university people may  be very limited in their life experience or  confined by their discipline. But universities  are a tremendous resource for making all  sorts of connections.  "And while we can't allow the university to detach itself from social reality, we  have to remember that the university is also  reality, a convergence of realities.  "Classisa huge issuein community and  university relations. There are assumptions  made about who is at university, yet the  student population is very heterogenous.  Among the students I work with [in criminology], the majority are young feminists or  people who represent some minority group.  Issues of class and homophobia, for example, are fundamental to what we do."  The Feminist Institute was founded in  1989 by six women at the SFU School of  Criminology. (Criminology is an interdisciplinary field, drawing from sociology, psychology, legal studies and the humanities in  general.) The founders wanted a means to  focus on feminist research on socio-legal  issues: the intersections between women's  experience, and the so-called justice system.  "There isn't very much in women's lives  that isn't bound up with socio-legal processes," says Faith. "So many fundamental  women's issues—poverty, discrimination,  single parenthood—are rampant within  women's prisons, for example. Those issues  are all being litigated, in some way or other.  Women lawyers and others are bringing  them into the courts to try to change laws  and to change social policies.  "The founders of the Feminist Institute  wanted more connections with community  activists and more contact with other university women in North America. We were  doing feminist teaching and researching,  V     /  j_   Introducing Amplesize Park's  A^»   1  own line of clothing  \^L /  New hours:  fel  Mon, Tues, Thurs 11 -6  Fri 11-7  Sat 10:30-4:30  /»  Closed Wed & Sun  i      Quality consignment  \    clothing  ~  1    Size 14... plus  \S0  1        Amplesize Park has moved to:  \^  |7         1969 Commercial Dr.  \  V           Vancouver, B.C.  \  Sarah-Jane (604) 251-6634  and it was important to build on the strengths  of each other's work."  They received an initial start-up grant of  $10,000 in 1990 and have run on volunteer  energy ever since. The institute's original co-  directors, Joan Brockman and Dorothy  Chunn, developed FEMNET, a computerized network of women in Canada and  "Universities can be  elitist and  heavilycompetitive...  but universities  are a tremedous  resource for making  sorts of connections.1  - Karlene Faith ■  around the world who do socio-legal teaching, research and practice. Brockman and  Chunn continue to manage FEMNET.  At present, the Feminist Institute's coordinating committee includes Faith, Sam  Banks, Dorothy Chunn, Margaret Jackson,  Bed & Breakfast  A  Memorable  Escape  Centre Yourselt  in the comfort and tranquility  of Canada's beautiful, natural  Gulf Islands  5 acres of forested foot paths  trails with ponds  ocean and mountain views  Decadent Breakfasts  Hot Tub  A private retreat  (604) 537-9344  Mail: R.RJ2, S-23, B-0, Ganges. B.C. VOS 1E0  Dany Lacombe and Jane Pulkingham (from  SFU) and Melody Hessing (from Douglas  College). An Advisory Board draws on  mainly Vancouver-based women working  in the legal and research fields. Membership  is open to any interested person ("just send  us a letter requesting membership," says  Faith, "and we'll keep you notified of events,  etc.").  The September event, says Faith "is a  chance for women in the community to gain  more clarity about issues, or discover new  questions, or find new ways of looking at the  work you're doing. Or it might just be 'a  reprieve' from the hard work"—a chance to  be informed and stimulated. "There won't  be any strings attached to attending."  "Social and Legal Issues on Feminist  Horizons" takes place Saturday, September  17,10:30 am 4 pm at Vancouver's SFU Harbour Centre, 555 West Hastings Street, (near  the Water Street skytrain). There is a non-  hosted lunch break between 12:30 and 2 pm.  For help with childcare or more information, please call 291-3018.  The Feminist Institute for Studies on Law  & Society can be reached through Simon Fraser  University, Burnaby BC V5A 1S6; Tel: (604)  291-3018. FAX: (604) 291-4140.   Nancy Poliak is a freelance writer and editor  living in Vancouver.  Utility Assistant  (Female/Male)  GAS OPERATIONS  [The operations group is seeking qualified  [candidates with trades related background  to apply for the position of Utility Assistant.  These entry level jobs located in the Lower  Mainland require a familiarity with work  on a construction j ob site or in a maintenance  shop. The work environment may be outdoors or in a mechanical shop and involves  physical labour as well as the ability to  competently utilize tools and equipment.  Succcessful candidates must have:  •completed graduation from Grade 12  •demonstrated mechanical aptitude  and ability  •related work experience and/or  pre-apprentice trades training at a  recognized institution  •good communication and comprehension  skills  If you possess all of these qualifications, you  are invited to submit your resume quoting  file IL-124/94C to:  BCGas  Human Resources Department  12th floor, 1111 West Georgia  Vancouver, B.C. V6E4M4  Closing Date: September 16,1994  No telephone calls please  BC Gas encourages applications from  qualified women and men, aboriginal  people and visible minorites.  SEPTEMBER 1994 News  Social policy review conference:  Women  set agenda  by Jackie Brown  About 200 women from throughout  British Columbia turned out for the Women's Social Policy Review Coalition conference on the Liberal government's plans to  overhaul Canada's social programs, and to  defining a feminist agenda for social policy  review.  Held June 22-24 in Vancouver, the conference brought togther a number of women's and anti-poverty groups and activists  who shared ideas and strategies for ensuring  Canada's social safety network remains intact and is beneficial to all women.  The conference featured workshops on  education and youth; Native self government; UIC, training and employment;  women and pensions; the feminization of  migration; women and poverty; and  childcare and domestic workers. Workshops  explored existing social policies and programs and changes needed to make them  more responsive and accessible to women.  Strategy sessions focused on community education, activism and lobbying.  Presenters included: Sunera Thobani,  president of the National Action Committee  on the Status of Women (NAC); Goo H-  zew'h,also known as Gloria M. M. George,  a Wetsuwet-en hereditary member; Rose  Brown, an organizer with End Legislated  Poverty (ELP); Alison Sawyer, a lawyer and  member of the Gender Issues committee of  the Canadian Council of Refugees; Alicia  Mercurio, a 30-year activist in the area of  adult educarionand human rights, and Nora  Lagunzad, a founding member of the Vancouver Committee for Domestic Workers  and Caregivers Rights (VCDWCR).  Cenen Bagon of the VCDWCR (one of  the conference's organizers) said organizers  were pleased with the diversity of women  who attended, especially considering there  was only about a month to organize the  event.  "This conference was designed to organize a response from women about the  social policy review and decide what kind of  vision we want for social programs," said  Bagon. "What I saw was a lot of women who  are not satisfied with the current system.  Instead of cutbacks, there need to be improvements so that the system responds  better to the needs of different women."  The Coalition's next action is a weekend  protest at the end of October. A number of  women's groups will create banners depicting social policy changes and which will be  displayed around thecity. A march and rally  will take place on the Saturday. (Time and  place haven't been finalized). The Coalition  is also tying into a national campaign sponsored by NAC which includes a social policy  conference to be held in Saskatchewan from  September 30 to October 2.  The Women's SocialPolicy Review Coalition is a network of women and women's  groups committed to working for social programs that will benefit women. Member  groups include: Women and Work, Vancouver Status of Women, South Asian Women's  Take Back the Night  Take Back the Night first took place as a coordinated national women-only  demonstration in Canada in 1981 when the Canadian Association of Sexual Assaul  Centres organized to protest male violence, particularly in the street. Thirteen years  later, women's groups have organized Take Back the Night 1994 to be held in many  cities across the country on Thursday, September 22nd. This year a national roar o  women's voices will be heard as we take to the streets simultaneously throughou  Canada to celebrate our victories, to experience the strength of women coming togethe  in conscious action with and for each other and to demand continued changes to the  status of all women. All womenare encouraged to join together on September 22nd anc  Take Back The Night. (Pictured above is a scene from Vancouver's Take Back the Nigh  rally 1993.)  In Vancouver,women are gathering at the Georgia street side of the Vancouver Art Gallery  at 7:30pm. Call Vancouver Rape Relief and Women's Shelter 872-8212 for more information  and childcare registration.  Network, Women for Better Wages, End Legislated Poverty, Women's Employment and  Training Coalition, Aboriginal Women's  Council, Women to Women Global Strategies, Indian Homemakers Association and  several Lower Mainland Women's Centres.  If you would like more information abou t or  want to get involved with the Coalition or NAC  campaigns, contact the Vancouver Status of  Women at 255-5511.   Jackie Brown is a freelance writer living in  Vancouver.  The Axman cometh:  Tears, jears greet Centre  by Seenit Beenthere  Under drizzling skies and the watchful eye of the Privatization Squad, federal  Human Resources Development Minister  Lloyd Axman cut a ribbon and tearfully  declared the opening of the high-tech  Workfare'nKounsellingKommunity Centre in Gritville, British Columbia.  The centre, privately managed by the  WorkingLearningKaringCorp. of Alabama  (WKKC), is a prototype of halls to beestab-  lished nation-wide. The WKKC replaces  unemployment insurance and income assistance programs, whose passive approach was abandoned for the Grit's "get  off your loaf" strategy.  Friday's festivities marked the  culminatiion of efforts to revise, reform  and renew Canada's outmoded and overburdened social safety net.  The Liberals pulled out all the stops,  contracting out hundreds of part-time jobs  as caterers, parade marshals and kazoo  blowers to members of the town's flexible  labour force.  On the podium, Axman wept openly as  he described his ministry's achievements.  "Working, learning and caring are cornerstones of our new vision of social security," sobbed Axman. "We've removed disincentives, empowered individuals through  job training and small business loans, and  targetted the needy.  "We've saved the taxpayers billions by  eliminating wasteful universal programs.  And we've pledged, through our Guaranteed Annual Income, that no one will sink too  too utterly low.  "As a nation, we can now take on the  globalized economy. To each Canadian I say:  make economic restructuring and the jobless  recovery work for you!"  The WKKC, a fluorescent green low-rise  near the GudBuyBuy Mall, will employ up to  15 home-based teleworkers. Clients and  employers will use state-of-the-art interactive computers to access the centre's training,  hiring and life skills services.  The mayor of Gritville, Conrad Paste,  praised Ottawa's move to decentralize government operations and promote community control.  "This beautiful building is just the beginning for Gritville," declared Paste. "Social services used to drag this town down:  high taxes, welfare fraud, stay-at-home  layabouts. The WKKC and the philosophy  it represents are good for business and  what's good for business is good for  Gritville."  The opening was not without controversy. On a level playing field opposite the  WKKC, 3 million demonstators from the  Coalition for Better Not Less waved placards, hurled water balloons and chanted  slogans.  Quickly drying his cheeks, Axman  lashed out at his critics.  "There is a job to be done, a deficit to  tackle,and international capital to appease,"  shouted Axman in a moment of rare candour. "EPF, CAP, NAFTA, TNC—it's just  alphabet soup to the average Canuck. Let's  not bore each other with soup.  "And this incessant whining about  "legislated poverty" or "redistributed aims"  clearly shows who the special interest  groups really are: cheaters and Nervous  Nellies too devious and dependent to stand  on their own two feet."  Axman left the WKKC early after the  crowd surged across the street. The Privatization Squad maintained control during  a performance by the Harmonization  Brothers, who belted out stirring renditions of "You Say Clawback, I Say Tax  Back, Let's Call The Whole Thing Off" and  "I'm a SAP for the IMF and I Love It."  But the Devolution Dance troupe's  ballet "Slaying the Child Poverty Dragon"  was halted when the mob stormed the  stage.  The dragon was hospitalized for minor bruises. An Axman aide was charged  with assault but later released after claiming he had mistaken the dragon for a protester^   Seenit Beenthere is a freelance writer living  in Gritville who refuses to be bored by soup.  SEPTEMBER 1994 What's News  by Shannon e. Ash  and Theresa McCarthy  Employment  equity act in Ontario  Ontario's EmploymentEquity Act will  be proclaimed by Ontario's legislature on  September 1. The Act was the target of a  rightwing backlash in the province and  country-wide when it was first introduced  as a bill last winter. Among groups lobbying against the legislation was the Canadian  Federation of Independent Business [see  Kinesis, Feb. 1994].  The Act designates four groups  (women, "visible minorities," Aboriginal  people, and people with disabilities) for  equity action. At present, the legislation  exempts "small employers" (defined as less  than 10 employees for the private sector and  less than 50 for the public sector) from the  effects of this legislation. Therefore, unfair  hiring practices can continue to occur in  these workplaces.  Another flaw in the legislation is that  there are few mechanisms specified or little  incentive for employers to remove hidden  workplace barriers from employment or  promotion within organizations. It is expected that the onus for challenging employers or fighting for removal of barriers  may fall on employees.  However, the legislation has been described by some community activists as a  starting point for equity in the workplace in  Ontario.  Massive water  diversion in BC  The Kemano Completion Project (or  Kemano 2) is the second stage of a massive  water diversionprojectby Alcan Aluminum  near Kitimat, British Columbia, between  the central interior and the northern coast.  First Nations peoples, fishers' groups, and  environmentalists are among those opposing the project.  In the first phase in 1952, Alcan dammed  the Nechako River at its source and diverted  the water to an electrical generating facility  at Kemano that powered aluminum smelting near Kitimat.  The Cheslatta Carrier nation was forcibly relocated to make way for the project,  and their traditional territories flooded.  "The first time we saw an Indian agent  was in 1952," says current Cheslatta chief  Marvin Charlie. The agent came to tell them  that their land, which had never been ceded,  would be flooded and they must negotiate  a surrender. The people were self-sufficient  but after relocation were dependent on  welfare and faced social decline.  The Carrier Sekani Tribal Council is  opposing Kemano 2, which would include  construction of a mountain tunnel and a  new water release structure to control the  massive reduction of water flows into the  Nechako River. Alcan would sellthehydro-  electricity created to the province and possibly the United States.  Kemano 2 will reduce the flow of the  Nechako by 87 percent of its original flows.  The Nachako's flow has already been reduced by 33 percent by Kemano 1. Among  negative impacts of the reduced flow would  be a major decline in the salmon fishery.  Twenty-three percent of the Fraser River's  sockeye production depends directly on the  Nechako. More than half the BC commercial salmon catch originates in the Fraser  watershed, and 65 percent of BC First Nations bands depend on the Fraser and  Kemano fisheries. There is already a decline  of Pacific salmon stocks originating in the  US.  A closed-door agreement between the  provincial and federal governments and  Alcan in 1987 allowed Alcan to proceed with  Kemano 2. The Department of Fisheries and  Oceans refused to release documents by its  scientists assessing Kemano's impact, and  put a gag order on the scientists, which—at  least in one case—has only recently been  lifted. One scientist, Dr. Mundie, said his  research clearly indicated Kemano 2 carried  a high risk for fish.  In October 1990, the Conservative cabinet, under Brian Mulroney, exempted  Kemano 2 from an environmental review; in  1993, a Commons-Senate committee condemned the exemption as unconstitutional,  and illegal.  In response to the opposition to Kemano  2, the BC Public Utilities Commission is  holding a public review. However, the review cannot look at impacts outside the  Nechako and Kemano watersheds, and no  major changes can be made to the project.  Current federal fisheries minister Brian Tobin  has said the 1987 agreement is binding and  the project cannot be stopped.  The Carrier-Sekani Tribal Council is rejecting the public hearings as a sham, and is  calling for an inquiry into the original 1952  agreement, the 1987agreement, and the 1990  exemption. Protests were held outside the  public hearings in Vancouver this summer.  For a copy of The Watershed and more  information, contact Carrier-Sekani Tribal  Council, 200-14606th Avenue, Prince George,  BC, V2L 3N2.  Attacks escalate  at abortion clinic  The Everywoman's Health Centre Society in Vancouver is calling on the BC government (again) to ensure better enforcement of  the injunction against anti-choice protesters  afteraVancouveranti-choice activist shoved  a camera into the face of a clinic worker who  was filming him.  Last month, George Watson assaulted  one of the abortion clinic's security workers,  Margaret Panton. Vancouver police are recommending Watson be charged with the  assault of Panton. The Ministry of the Attorney General has appointed a special prosecutor to determine whether charges will be  laid.  Everywoman's Health Centre and the  BC Coalition of Abortion Clinics (BCCAC)  say this incident could mark the beginning  of the kind of violent action being taken  against abortion providers in the US. The  assault on Panton on August 3rd follows  hard on the heels of the July 29 murders of  pro-choice doctors in Florida. Watson has  been compared by US psychologists with  Paul Hill, a prominent anti-abortion activist  in the United States, who has been charged  with the murder of a doctor and his escort  outside a Pensacola, Florida abortion clinic.  Kim Zander, a spokesperson for  Everywoman's Clinic, says, "In Toronto, Dr.  Morgentaler's clinic was bombed and abortion providers throughout the country are  targeted, harassed and threatened. We fear  that this violence will escalate. Knowing all  of this in advance, are we going to let more  violence happen here?"  According to Jennifer Whiteside, spokesperson for the BCCAC, "Violence against  abortion providers and pro-choice activists  has not abated, but press coverage has. The  big blockades, which received more sensational media coverage, have become less  common. However, more subtle and potentially dangerous actions have taken their  place. These activities continue largely without being prosecuted by the police or criticized by the press."  Meanwhile, Vancouver Police's Community liason officer, Anne Drennan, says  the police "do give the clinic special attention. We treat their problems with all due  respect and consider them to be potentially  serious, always," but in order for the police  to lay more charges against protesters, the  clinic must "spell out what their complaints  are."  According to Kim Zander, "the threat of  death now hangs over all abortion providers, including in this city." The centre has  approached the Attorney General's office  and is asking for a meeting with police supervisors to increase protection of the centre, its workers, and clients.  Everywoman's Health Centre and the  BCCAC are also demanding that "the police  and govenment authorities acknowledge [the  US] murders as part of an organized continent-wide attack against abortion providers, clinics, staff and clients and pro-choice  activists."  Prenatal  nutritionprogram  The Fed era 1 Govenment announced last  month the creation of the Canada Prenatal  NutritionProgram (CPNP),directed towards  low-income pregnantwomen. The Program,  which will receive $21.5 million a year over  four years, is intended to provide nutrition  counselling, inter-agency referral, food supplements, education, and support and counselling on smoking, substance abuse, family  violence, and stress. The program targets  pregnant women who are most likely to  have unhealthy babies that would also be at  high risk due to poor health and malnutrition of the mother.  The program is to be implemented and  delivered in partnership with the provinces  and territories through the federal government's Community Action Program for  Children and through the Brighter Futures  First Nations and Inuit component. It will  build on or expand existing prenatal health  programs.  Female circumcision  refugee accepted  A Somali woman was granted refugee  status in the first case in Canada of a woman  being granted refugee status because of fear  of genital mutilation.  Khadra Hassan Farrah did not want to  take her daughter back to Somalia where she  would undergo the ritual: "I was prepared  toleave my daughter here foradoptionif my  case was rejected. I couldn't take her back."  She said many Somali women are forced  to undergo the procedure, which involves  cutting the external female sexual organs  away and sewing the opening shut, except  for a small hole for urination. "They did it to  me and I didn't want my daughter to go  through the same thing."  Following repeated demands from and  concerted lobby campaigns by women's  groups such as the National Action Committee on the Status of Women, Canada  finally began accepting refugee claims in  early 1993 from women who say they are  being persecuted because of their gender.  New housing in BC  A new program to provide affordable  housing in British Columbia was announced  on June 30 by provincial Housing Minister  Joan Smallwood. "Homes BC" will have  four components to provide average and  low-income BC residents with adequate and  affordable housing. Homeless/At Risk  Housing is designed to provide housing for  those who find it most difficult to get safe  and affordable housing: young single mothers, women and children leaving transition  houses, inner-city youth, and people with  alcohol and drug dependencies or mental  illness.  Non-profit housing will assist non-profit  sponsors to build housing for low and moderate-income renters; a minimum of 60 per  cent of the units will be low-income. Priority  will be given to mixed-income projects designed for families with children and people  with disabilities.  These two components are planned to  provide 900 affordable housing rental and  co-op units in 1994/95.  New Options for Home Ownership is  an initiative to create affordable forms of  home ownership such as equity co-ops. Priority will be given to current residents of  social housing.  TheCommunity Housing Initiativewill  provide $1.6 million in grants for projects  providing advocacy, public education, and  new housing-related services by community housing organizations.  The BC government has also recently  amended the Residential Tenancy Act to  provide more protection for the 450,000 tenant households in BC.  UN releases  population report  The United Nations has released a report to thelnternarionalConference onPopu-  lation and Development (ICPD), which will  take place in Cairo September 5 to 13. The  report promotes the education and empowerment of women, and access to voluntary  family planning as methods to limit population growth.  OfFicE SuppliEs  EastsjcIe DATAGitAphics  1460 Commercial Drive  teI: 255*9559 Fax: 255*5075  Rice, Paper /\laf?£,i«g  For* Veeoupo^e on Terra Cotta, wicier, wood  ... or-to cbenupuourdinner*porta/  Art SuppliEs  ^-Unjon Shop  CaII or Fax ancI we'U sencJ you our MONthly flyER  of qREAT officE supply spEciAls.  Free NEXi^Ay uElivERy.  SEPTEMBER 1994 What's News  The report also stresses women's right to  reproductive choice, stating, "Evidence is accumulating that free and equal access to health  care, family planning and education is .not  only desirable in itself but a practical contribution to the success of wider objectives,  including environmental protection and economic development." An earlier report by  Unicef demonstrated that there is a direct  correlation between women attending primary and high school and reduced  childbearing.  The Vatican and some Islamic authorities have criticized the report. The Roman  Catholic hierarchy is vigorously opposing  the positions of some delegate governments,  particularly the United States, which support  access to abortion and rights to "reproductive and sexual health." "Sexual health," argues the Vatican, could include gay and lesbian rights.  Al Azhar University in Cairo, a centre of  Islamic learning, and the government of Iran  have said parts of the preparatory documents  offend Islam.  At the ICPD prepa ra tory meeting in New  York in April [see story page 9], Vatican pressure convinced the delegations of ten countries to oppose language in conference documents referring to reproductive health, reproductive education for adolescents, and  safe motherhood. Although a minority, because the meeting operated by consensus,  this language ended up bracketed in the preparatory document—meaning it will have to  be discussed again at the conference itself  and won't be taken as a given starting point.  In the Philippines, the Roman Catholic  Church held a protest of 200,000 people to  oppose the government's birth control program—counselling and free contraception—  and to demand a boycott of the ICPD. Students from Catholic schools who attended  said they had been ordered to do so.  AIDS in the world  The education of women has been identified by the World Bank as one of the most  important factors in improving health in developing countries. And marginalized groups  need basic human rights before they can  defend themselves against AIDS, according  to the director of the International AIDS Centre at the Harvard School of Public Health,  Jonathan Mann.  People who belong to groups that are  "discriminated against, marginalized..and  excluded from society"—women, ethnic minorities, and gay men—are most at risk for  HIV infection. Mann, speaking at the 10th  International Conference on AIDS in Tokyo,  Japan, said drug users and prostitutes in  barbara findlay  B.A. M.A. LIB  is delighted to announce  that she is now practising I  with the law firm of  Smith and Hughes  321-1525 Robson St.  Vancouver  phone 683-4176  Smith and Hughes offer a full range of  le?al services to the lesbian, gay and  bisexual communities of Vancouver.  Initial consultations are without charge.  Western Europe are harassed by police,  interfering with their ability to take part in  AIDS-prevention programs. Lack of access  to health care in the United States means  low income people are vulnerable to infection and receive poor care if ill or infected  with HIV. And in many countries, women  are beaten if they refuse unwanted intercourse with an infected partner, and have  no legal protection.  Garment workers  win fight  Workers in a garment factory in Dhaka,  Bangladesh, succeeded in winning the payment of overdue wages. The workers of  Flint Garments, who are almost all women,  demanded payment of three months overdue wages and five months overtime pay in  December 1993.  In response, men were hired to assault  them, and ten workers were injured. Workers filed a police report and pressured the  police into arresting the thugs. The workers  then began a strike, sit-in and blockade to  demand payment of their overdue wages  and to protest against the violence directed  against them. They also sent written complaints to the Labour Ministry and the Garment Owners' Association.  After two meetings between the owners, workers and government did not resolve the situation, the owners gained a  court order to remove goods for shipping.  Women workers lay in front of the gate to  prevent entry and police were unable to  recover the goods.  At a third meeting, the factory owners  finally agreed to pay the outstanding wages  in installments, and the workers have since  received the first payment. The owners accepted full responsibility for the injured  workers. A victory procession was held on  January 3.  Feminist writer  faces death threat  Taslima Nasreen, a feminist writer in  Bangladesh, hasbeen threatened withdeath  by some Muslim fundamentalists for speaking out against the oppression of women.  Nasreen recently published a book,  Lajia (Shame), about a Hindu family in  Bangladesh being persecuted by fundamentalist Muslims. The government banned the  book, which sold 50,000 copies, for "creating misunderstanding between communities."  MUNRO • PARFITT  LAWY E R S  quality legal services in a  woman friendly atmosphere  labour/em ploym en t,  human rights,  criminal law and  public interest advocacy.  401-825 granville street,  Vancouver, b.c. v6z 1 k9  689-7778(ph)     689-5572 (fax)  Nasreen has also made controversial  statements, reportedly supporting sex outside marriage and allegedly stating that "we  have to move beyond these ancient texts  [such as the Koran] if we want to progress."  On June 4, the government of Bangladesh brought criminal charges against  Nasreen for insulting the Muslim religion,  for which the maximum penalty is two years  in prison. About 10,000 fundamentalists rallied in Dhakar, the capital, demanding the  death penalty for'Nasreen and other "blasphemers." One Muslim cleric offered a  bounty to anyone who kills her. [The bounty  has apparently since been withdrawn.]  Nasreen went into hiding in June, but  has since appeared in Sweden, where she  accepted an award. She has said that her  statements about the Koran had been taken  out of context, but she will continue to speak  out about the condition of women: "Everywhere I look I see women being mistreated  and their oppression being justified in the  name of religion. Is it not my moral responsibility to protest?" She cites religious courts  which pronounce extreme sentences, including death, on women breaking Islamic law,  as interpreted by fundamentalists; these sentences are illegal in Bangladesh but the la w is  not enforced.  Lesbian mom  wins custody  A US woman has won an appeal of a  Virginia court decision which had removed  her three year-old son from her custody.  A state appeals court overruled the 1993  decision by a US Judge, who determined  Sharon Bottoms was an unfit mother because she and her lover, who lived together,  engaged in oral sex, which is a crime under  Virginia law. A number of US states have  " sodomy" laws which prohibit certain sexual  acts, even between consenting adults in private.  The Virginia Courts of Appeals panel,  in a three-to-zero decision, ruled that "private sexual conduct, even if illegal, does not  crea tea presumptionofunfitness."The panel  DR. PAULETTE ROSCOE  NATUROPATHIC PHYSICIAN  HOMEOPATHY  COUNSELLING  DETOXIFICATION  HYCROFT MEDICAL CENTER  108-3195 GRANVILLE ST.  VANCOUVER, B.C. V6H 3K2  731-4183  also said that Bottoms' mother Kay, who had  been awarded custody, had no more legal  standing than a stranger. Only in custody  disputes involving two parents can the court  decide who is "better;" in disputes between  a parent and a third party (such as a grandmother), it must be proven that continuing  parental custody would be extremely harmful to the child:  Although Bottoms is "really happy"  about the decision, her son may not return to  her home for up to two years, pending her  mother's appeal to the Virginia Supreme  Court to reverse the decision.  Sources: Sojourner-The Women's Forum,  Aug/94; bad attitude, UK; Asian Women  Workers Newsletter, Apr 94; Cross Cultural  Communication Centre, Toronto, Aug/94;  Scoop: a publication of the Co-operative Housing Federation of BC, Aug/94; International  Women's Rights Action Watch, Jun/94; BC  Aboriginal Fisheries Commission Newsletter; Canadian Dimension, Jan/Feb 94; The  Watershed, Carrier-Sekani Tribal Council.  Sth Annual Hritish Columbia  HIV/AIDS Conference  FOCUS ON YOUTH  The 1994 Conference theme will be  Youth with a focus on education &  health promotion.  WOMEN'S  CENTRE  |  WOMEN WORKING   \  TOGETHER  • Library       • Lounge  • Resource Office  • Outreach Programs  AQ 2003, Simon Fraser University,  Burnaby, V5A1S6              291-3670  Specific topics will include:  Primary Care  Workplace  Measuring the Impact  Health Promotion  Education  Interurban & Rural Perspective  Aboriginal Issues  HTV/AIDS in Prisons  Palliative Care  Reaching Women  HIV, Drugs and the Street  Youth Living with HTV/AIDS  Managing Chronic Grief  Delivering Care to Women &  Children  Penetrating the Silence  Guest Faculty Include:  Jane Fulton, Health Economist,  Toronto  David Schnarch, Licensed Clinical  Psychologist, New Orleans  This multi-disciplinary conference is  eligible for continuing education credits  For information, please call:  (604) 822-2626 or 822-4965  Fax (604) 822-4835  SEPTEMBER 1994 Movement Matters  listings information  Movement Matters is designed to be a  network of news, updates and information of special interest to the women's movement.  Submissions to Movement Matters  should be no more than 500 words,  typed, double spaced and may be  edited for length. Deadline is the 18th  of the month preceding publication.  by Laiwan  Services for Black  Francophone women  The Black Francophone Women of Toronto Network is a rion-profit organization  where local Black women get together to  provide services to other women in their  community.  The goal of the network is to help the  Black francophone women and their families  adapt to the social, cultural, economic and  emotional environments. It promotes the  Black woman's self-sufficiency; self-respect  and dignity, and intervenes with government institutions, private sector and nongovernmental organizations to help them  design projects for the Black francophone  woman.  Services provided include help with:  immigration (call-in); guidance; help with  lawyers, social services and school boards;  employment (seeking a job, documentation);  social services (city orientation); finding  francophone medical centres or affordable  housing; and intervention in situations of  abuse, assault or family violence.  For more informa tion contact: Le Reseau  des femmes noires francophones de Toronto,  464 Yonge Street, Suite 211, Toronto, Ontario  M4Y 1W9. Tel: (416) 924-7169. Inquiry at  UBC  Women at the University of British Columbia who lay complaints and pursue formal grievances dealing with discriminatory  practices rangingfrom racism to biased evaluations and sexual harassment by faculty in  UBC's Political Science Department are calling for support from the wider community.  UBC's Political Science Department has  apparentlybeguna misinformation campaign  designed to discredit the students who have  complained about inappropriate conduct  among the faculty towards students. Media  reports that cite Don Blake, the head of the  Political Science Department, contain  "sanitized" departmental versions of complaints and erroneously state that these versions are the complaints themselves. The de-  partmenthasalsomisrepresentedthenumber  of students involved in complaints and the  duration of time over which the Faculty of  Graduate Studies has received complaints.  The Graduate Student Society at UBC  will attempt to monitor the proceedings of an  inquiry beginning with the as-yet-ignored  issue of what rights students have to protection in the present situation. Several students  say they have already suffered penalties or  received veiled threats formaking complaints.  The inquiry was called by Dean Marchak  and Dean Grace and announced in the form  of a press release from Media Relations UBC.  The university lawyer Bertie McClaine is  responsible for appointing a  commissioner(s) for the inquiry and drawing up the Terms of Reference.  Support for women students being requested includes that women: request information about the inquiry from the University Media Relations Office and the Faculty of Graduate Studies; request information from the Minister Responsible for Skills  and Training and Higher Education; request an interview with Don Blake, head of  the Department of Political Science about  the misinformation issued by him; publish  excerpts from student complaint letters and  memos which are available upon request.  For more information contact Amanda  Ocran at 224-6445 or the Graduate Student  Society at 822-3202.  Women Creating  Change conference  The Saskatchewan Action Committee  on the Status of Women is sponsoring a  Women's Agenda Conference on November 18-20 in Prince Albert, Saskatchewan.  The conference is called "Women Creating Change: Equality, Development and  Peace," and is partly funded by the Canadian International Development Agency  and the federal government's Women's  Program.  Pre-registration for the conference begins in September. For more information,  contact: SAC, 2343 Cornwall Street, Regina,  Saskatchewan, S4P 2L4, Canada.  UN postcard  campaign  The March on the United Nations in  New York on June 26 was the first step in  demanding worldwide human rights for all  gay people.  The UN Postcard Campaign is petitioning theUnited Nations to demand equal  right for all lesbians and gay people. They  want the UN to amend Article 2 of the  Universal dDclaration of Human Rights to  include the words "sexual orientation."  Their goal is to deliver to the UN  1,000,000 postcards during the UN's session this fall.  The UN Postcard Campaign supports  the human rights of all the world's people,  including its gay, lesbian and bisexual citizens. With your help, the UN Postcard  Campaign could get them to do this.  To request information and postcards  to send to the UN, telephone or fax 1-800-  656-8672. The mailing address is: The UN  Postcard Campaign, 2255-B Queen Street  East, Suite 811, Toronto, Ontario, M4E1G3,  Canada.  European women  and poverty  The Women's Committee of the European Parliament adopted a report in February showing recent statistics that 50 million  people are living in poverty within the European Union. This is about 15 percent of  Europe's population.  In all member states, single parents and  the elderly are amongst the most vulnerable  groups, of which women are estimated to  make up about 80 percent. The report states  that social exclusion is mainly due to three  factors: development on the labour market  (unemployment, atypical work, part-time  work); changes in family structures (such as  divorce, single parenthood, etc); and absence of adequate policies at national and  European levels to deal with these developments, such as the financial dependency of  women, and the fact that benefits are in  general linked to the previous job held.  The Women's Committee resolutions  makea number of recommendations: a minimum income; a special European Women's  Movement Programme for women in areas  of social tension within the European Union;  an information campaign on the feminization  of poverty; more gender specific statistics on  women; and an annual Poverty report by the  European Commission.  The European Commission is also urged  to take measures in favour of refuge centres  for homeless women and victims of violence  and to hold consultations with non-governmental organizations and grassroots women  in the process of drafting programmes and  projects.  The Groner Report is available from  national European Parliament offices in Europe.  Fighting toxic  chemicals in Mexico  Solidarity workers and Mujer a Mujer  have joined with the Mexican Maquila  Women Workers Network in protesting  health and environmental problems caused  by the harmful use and disposal of toxic  chemicals by multinational corporations in  the Mexican maquiladora region. In response  to corporate and governmental demands  that the multinationals lower their standards to "compete with Mexican workers,"  they are supporting the efforts of Mexican  workers to raise standards.  On June 27, the Mexican Maquila  Women Workers Network organised a Day  of Action Against Toxic Chemicals in a  number of cities along the Mexican/US border. In Canada, Solidarity Works and Mujer  a Mujer (Woman to Woman) called on labour, women's and environmental groups,  to send taxes to the Mexican and Canadian  governments demanding strict enforcement  of healthand safety andenvironemntal standards in the maquila. The campaign, however, continues beyond the Day of Action.  Little is heard about the inspiring work  of labour and community organizers who  are fighting to win their union rights and  improve their standards of living and quality of life. The Mexican Maquila Women  Workers Network is one of these groups.  They bring together women's groups and  Veux-tu etre active dans le mouvement des femmes  en franfais???  Contacte-nous ou viens te joindre a  Reseau-Femmes Colombie-Britannique  Telephone: 736-6979, poste 332       Telecopieur: 736-4661  women maquila workers involved in  workplace and community organizing, education and leadership training programs,  and public campaigns like the Action Against  Chemicals.  Fax copies of your letters of support to:  The Maquila Women Workers Network, care  of Mujer a Mujer (Women to Women), 416-  532-7688. For further information contact:  Mujer a Mujer (Woman to Woman) and /or  Solidarity Works, 606 Shaw Street, Toronto,  Ontario, M6G 3L6.  by Wei Yuen Fong   Women for Better Wages (WBW), a coalition of women's groups, individual women  and union women in the Lower Mainland of  BC, is organizing a series of workshops on  sectoralbargaininginSeptember. The workshops will be held in Vancouver, Kamloops  and Nanaimo.  WBW says sectoral bargaining is one  strategy to improve working conditions,  wages, and benefits for women by making it  easier for women to unionize. Under the  current labour legislation and anti-worker  climate, women in service sector jobs or in  small workplaces find it almost impossible  to organize collectively.  WBW says that if sectoral bargaining  were allowed, women workers could would  be able to bargain collectively by sector—  such as banking or retail—rather than in a  small group or one-on-one with their employers. Sectoral bargaining could particularly benefit women in non-standard jobs—  part-time, short-term, contract and temporary work—and those working in isolated  workplaces, such as domestic workers and  home workers.  WBW's hands-on workshops are in-  . tended to provide women with a chance to  evaluate sectoral bargaining as a strategy for  advance women's economic status.  The workshops will be held:  •In Vancouver: Thursday, September 8  in Room L3, Brittania Community Centre,  1661 Napier St.  •In Kamloops: Monday, September 12  in Room 101N, Cottonwood Centre, 750  Cottonwood Ave.  •In Nanaimo: Tuesday, September 20  at the Nanaimo Women's Resource Centre,  #219-285 Prideaux St.  All three workshops are from 7-9:30 pm  and childcare subsidies are available at the  workshops.  To register or for more information,  call: Agnes Huang, 685-6140 (in Vancouver); VickiNygaard, 376-3009 (inKamloops);  and Marilyn Coleman 758-7872 (in  Nanaimo). Women who are unable to attend  the conference but who would like more  information about sectoral bargaining can  write to Women for Better Wages, c/o 4332  Erwin Dr, West Vancouver, BC, V7V1H6; or  call or fax (604) 922-4067.  ??$???  VANCOUVER STATUS OF WOMEN  Annual General Meeting  &  Volunteer Appreciation  Sunday September 18,1994  11:00 am to 5:00 pm  at the Vancouver Status of Women  #301-1720 Grant Street  Tel 255-5511  In addition to the presentation of our Annual Report & the election  of members of the Coordinating Collective—we will be holding  three workshops on programming, communications and volunteer  development  SEPTEMBER 1994 Feature  Population and Development:  An international debate  by Shree Mulay  as told to Agnes Huang  The United Nations International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD)  will be held between September 5 to 13 in Cairo,  Egypt. The ICPD will have two concurrent forums—one for government representatives from  UN member countries and another for non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Several preparatory committee (PrepCom) meetings were  held leading up to the Cairo conference. Out of  those meetings came a 16-chapter document laying out the framework for debate and discussion  for the ICPD.  Shree Mulay attended an ICPD PrepCom  meeting in April in New York. She will be attending the NGO forum of the Cairo conference as the  representative of the National Action Committee  on the Status of Women (NAC). Mulay is a  member of the New Reproductive Technologies  Committee of NAC and has been involved with  the South Asian Women's Centre in Montreal for  many years.  Agnes Huang: The upcoming conference  in Cairo will be the third such conference, the  first being in Bucharest in 1974, the second in  Mexico City in 1984. What is the purpose of  this year's conference?  Shree Mulay: Actually, the Cairo conference is the first conference on population and  development. The earlier ones were on population alone. This points to thechanging trend  or better appreciation by the world community that you cannot talk about population  and not talk about development.  Huang: What do you expect to come out  of the ICPD?  Mulay: At one level, I'm optimistic there  will be better recognition of women's reproductive rights and reproductive health—a  broader definition of reproductive health  that's not merely related to contraception but  to motherhood, better family health care, and  other issues.  I'm also pessimistic because reproductive rights and reproductive health do not  seem to be seen with respect to ending all  forms of discrimination against women. You  begin to wonder to what extent women are  going to be able to exercise their reproductive  rights when in fact they are [unable to exercise their basic human rights.] So I'm ambivalent about the outcome of this particular conference.  Huang: One of the things that came out of  the PrepCom in New York was a 16-chapter  document setting out a framework for debate  and discussion at the Cairo ICPD. What is  your impression of that document?  Mulay: [I'm critical of it because] there  was one chapter on reproductive rights and  one on reproductive health, but when you  critically examine the other chapters, you  realize that these concerns have been isolated  in these two chapters and that the document  as a whole does not enshrine those ideas.  These two chapters are also full of brackets, [which is] where the rights of women are  put. [The bracketed parts] are also where  there is no consensus and over which most of  the battle [at the Cairo conference] is going to  take place. At the New York PrepCom, it was  clear from the debate on the floor that there is  going to be tremendous resistance to many of  the notions of reproductive rights and reproductive health. The Vatican, of course, continues to lobby strongly for its position that  the right to abortion be opposed.  Huang: What do you think will be some  of the main issues at Cairo?  Mulay: One is the issue of what precisely  constitutes reproductive rights and reproductive health. There are two lines on this  particular issue—that reproductive rights  means individuals have an unalienable right  to have children no matter what and no one  can decide for them how many children  they should have.  At the other end is the notion that  reproductive rights means the right of people to decide how many children they should  have within a particular social context. This  argument is played out by both the more  conservative governments as well as the  more liberal ones. Canada sort of falls in-  between.  The debate will definitely focus on abortion; on what exactly is fertility regulation  and to what extent contraceptives can be  promoted among young people; and what  exactly constitutes a family. The latter is an  important debate because the Vatican does  not recognize any kind of family except the  nuclear, heterosexual family—it does not  even recognize the kinds of families that  have existed in many parts of the world,  such as the extended family or families  are you picking on us when you are doing  almost nothing about reducing your consumption? If consumption was reduced by a  miniscule percentage, we would not have  the kind of problem you are talking about."  Women's rights as human rights was an  issue because the abuses that take place  around the enforcement of population control target women. It can be [in the form of]  political force or economic pressures—for  example, if you accept this long-acting contraceptive, you will be given a house, piece  of land, or whatever.  Huang: You also attended the People's  Perspectives on Population conference in  Comilla, Bangladesh last December. This  symposium brought together 61 women  from 23 countries. Out of the symposium  came a declaration on population issues.  Part of the declaration was a statement that  "there cannot be a feminist population  policy"...  "I am inclined to agree  with the women from the South...  a population policy is really  an anti-feminist position."  where women as a group collectively take  care of children. The debate on the family  will reflect on who should have access to  information about contraception or childbirth, for example.  The other area of debate is going to be  on the question of sustainable development.  While the conference is supposed to be  about population and development, one  really does not see that much about development. The NGO groups in the South have  felt that the PrepCom document has been  watered down quite a bit with respect to  sustainable development. Governments of  southern countries want no regulations  about what kind of factories they build and  what kind of development takes place while  northern countries are really not dealing  with the issue of how they can limit their  consumption.It'salreadya cliche thatnorth-  ern countries consume 80 percent of world  resources while having 20 percent of the  world's population, and southern countries have 80 percent of the population but  consume only 20 percent of the  resources...yet there is no mention of this in  the document.  Huang: You mentioned that many countries in the South are pushing for an agenda  of unrestricted development. What is the  agenda of women in the south in framing  the discussion around sustainable development?  Mulay: The women from the southern  NGOs at the New York PrepCom were  saying that sustainable development has to  be environmentally viable and not at the  expense of people, that the population policy  programs which seek to limit the number of  children should not be coercive and their  explicit purpose should not be to create this  cheap labour market—because the fewer  children women have, the easier it is for  them to be moved around and work under  hard conditions. [Thewomenalso] focussed  on regulatory issues, such as when you  construct a factory, what kind of environmental regulations should there be to control pollution, since most poor people live  in highly industrialized areas.  One cannot approach the question of  population growth as the only factor in  balancing world resources and development. I heard southern women say, "why  Mulay: About 75 percent of  the Bangladesh conference were from the  South and there was a strong sense that you  cannot talk about a feminist population  policy. There is a debate out there in the  women's movement as to whether there can  be a feminist population policy. For example, the International Women's Health Collective, which is based in New York, holds  the position that it is possible to talk about a  feminist population policy if one places the  question of reproductive health in the context of family health care. According to them,  the two have to be in place in order for it to  be considered any feminist population policy  because it violates and contradicts the basic  premise of feminism.  But having seen what happens with the  kinds of changes and the actual implementation of these programs in Third World countries, I am inclined to agree with the women  from the South; that support of a population  policy is really an anti-feminist position. If  you talk about population as the problem,  than of course the solution would be that  you have to take any measures necessary [to  control population] such as, for example, in  China, where they have a coercive policy  about how many children a woman or a  couple can have. Since it is necessarily coercive, it is really not a feminist solution. One  cannot talk about population policy from  any other perspective except the real situation on the ground, which is that coersion is  used in these population policies, and therefore women should oppose them.  Huang: How do women's groups and  NGOs in the North place themselves in the  debate about whether there can be population policies that do not target women, particularly poor women?  Mulay: My sense is that the spectrum of  NGOs representing women's groups will be  quite wide at the Cairo ICPD. Many of the  northern women's groups think population  is a problem. But, as in Canada, there are  several women's health organizations that  take a position closer to that of the South  because they see the links between what is  happening in the North and in the South. For  example, the situation for Aboriginal  women, women of colour and rural women  is like that for women in the South. [We have  in Canada] the presence of the South right  here in the middle of the North. The kind of  policies we are talking about in the South are  being implemented in Canada with respect  to Aboriginal women.  Another group of women with strong  views are women with disabilities because  they see the implementation of some of these  population policies as having a eugenic dimension to them. They point to the kind of  things that are happening in China, where  the Chinese government has enacted a law  which forces women who have been diagnosed with carrying a child with disabilities  to have an abortion.  Huang: What is NAC's position on issues around population and development?  Mulay: There hasn't really been an overall enunciation of NAC's position with respect to population and development, but  there have been [a number of] resolutions.  For example, a resolution taken in June on  Norplant [a long-acting contraceptive] recognizes that Norplant is being used to limit  the fertility of women in the South, as well as  looks at why it was brought to Canada. That  isanexampleofaclearrecognition[inNAC]  that population control policies limit the  rights of women and are anti-people in many  ways.  NAC generally takes the position of the  right of women to be able to exercise choice  over their bodies. Therefore, on one hand,  NAC supports [the right of] women all over  the world to have access to, say, legal abortion, but, at the same time, recognizes that  many reproductive technologies are being  used against women, such as sex selection to  abort female fetuses and so on. NAC would  like restrictions and control over these kinds  of technologies.  Huang: In terms of what follows the  Cairo conference, is it likely that women  who attend the Cairo conference and who  participate in the 4th UN Conference on  Women in Beijing next year will keep the  discussion of population and development  high on the agenda there?  Mulay: I hope they will. I'm not sure  what will come out of Cairo, certainly with  respect to reproductive rights, health and so  on. But if the onslaught which has been  launched by the Vatican is successful, and  none of these issues get through, I think we  will have to keep this issue quite central to  the Beijing agenda. And not just Beijing, the  Copenhagen Summit [on the Family in July  1995] is also important. It is crucial that there  be recognition of the diversity of families  which exist, including the rights of gays and  lesbians, in order for complete recognition  of the diversity of peoples and families in the  world. The Cairo conference, the Copenhagen Summit and the Beijing conference are a  culmination towards the recognition of some  of these rights.  On the one hand, as I said in the beginning, I'm pessimistic but, on the other, I see  some perceptable changes being made and,  hopefully, these international conferences  contribute to that. I see these international  conferences creating a positive climate to the  extent that women's groups are able to lobby,  to keep women's rights, including reproductive rights, central. [The conferences] also  have provided women with the tools to  work and lobby. Women at the New York  PrepCom were very effective in the way  they carried on the lobby process. There is a  greater need to be able to do that in Cairo, to  ensure some of the wording is not diluted  further but is kept strong.   Agnes Huang is a Chinese feminist activist  who wants to be in Beijing in September 1995.  Thanks to Lael Sleep and Sur Meliat for  transcribing this intervieiv.  SEPTEMBER 1994 Feature  NAFTA and Mexico elections:  Women of the Americas  by Maria Julie Amestory   The following was written shortly before  the elections in Mexico on August 21.  Organizations in Mexico that have been  carrying on the struggle against NAFTA and  for a better trade agreement called an interna tiona 1 conference in July and invited guests  from Mexico, United States, Canada and  other Latin American countries. The theme  of the conference was "Integration, Democracy and Development Toward a Social  Agenda for the Continent."  The conference was a forum to continue  developing responses to the crisis in the lives  of the ordinary people in the Americas, created by the continental integration process  and by the global agenda of world capital.  Delegates a t the conference sought wa ys  to combat the decline in living standards,  common throughout the Americas, and the  enormous transfer of wealth from the poorest people to the richest; to counter the growing attacks on democracy and democratic  institutions; to find ways to halt the attack on  health, education and social welfare in  Canada, the US and Latin America; and  finally, to put forward proposals for sustainable development.  The delegates at the conference agreed  on eight major areas that would constitute a  social agenda, and said that before trade  agreements are made, there has to be agreements on:  •A declaration of human rights that  every country would have to subscribe to,  and enforce, especially for entry into any  free trade agreement;  •An agreement that there be a basic  living standard that apply to all of the people  of the Americas, including standard  healthcare, education and social welfare;  •A guarantee of women's rights  throughout the Americas. The double and  triple exploitation of women, particularly in  Latin America, must end;  •Rights of Aboriginal people have to be  respected in international and national  agreements and treaties;  •Respect for the right of workers to  organize. Basic trade union rights are essential;  •The application of democracy at all  levels of government and in all the institutions of government;  •A program of sustainable economic  development for the countries of Latin  America, which remove them from being  producers of raw materials for the North  and pools of cheap labour;  • An agreement for the protection of the  environment.  The problem with the trade agreements  such as the Free Trade Agreement (FTA) and  the North American Free Trade Agreement  (NAFTA) is that basic rights have not been  respected. In fact, the FTA and NAFTA are  not trade agreements, but agreements that  make it easy for capital to access sources of  raw material and cheap labour.  At the conference, delegates were not  opposed to free trade, but to the free trade  agenda set by international capital, which is  simply a licence to exploit the people of the  Americas. One Mexican delegate at the conference said women and campasinos (peasants) should be protected. There is a growing national movement bringing together  the urban poor and campasinos to demand,  basic rights—the right to food, clean water  and free speech. Women in Latin America  have suffered more exploitation that anyone, and Aboriginal women the most of all-  -exploitation by capital, the state and the  church.  Delegates from Latin America aree  aware NAFTA is only a platform by which  American capital intends to bring into being  continental integration of Latin American  countries on their terms. The delegates from  Chile, Brazil and Columbia made it clear  that their anti-free trade movements will not  allow their countries to enter NAFTA as it  presently stands.  There was agreement that some forms  of continental integration of the economies  of the Americas could be positive and progressive. These could include assistance for  sustainable development in Latin America,  including economic support from the US  and Canada, and an international agreement of individual sovereign states to develop a social charter and a process of liberalizing trade that is an economic agenda for  people.  The barrier to a continental social charter is international capital, which seeks a  charter to carry on unobstructed investment  where it wants, on its own terms. The state  structures of most American countries—the  lack of democracy, the influence of the military, and the increasing degree of centralization of control—also needs to be overcome.  People are not going to find democracy  in Latin America, and unless the people of  Canada and the US block it, there is going to  be further erosion of democracy here too.  We know that social institutions in the US  and Canada are under attack, and democratic control over them, which should be  strengthened, is being eroded.  The Mexican economy  If you listen to the propaganda of the  Clinton, Mulroney and now Chretien administrations, they would have you believe  that NAFTA and die decisions around it are  beginning to transform the Mexican  economy. In fact the Mexican economy is in  crisis. For example, the Mexican government claims it created two million jobs between 1983 and 1993, but what they don't tell  you is 1.1 million new workers enter the  workforce each year—that means there are  nine million more unemployed people than  there were in 1983.  In 1983, 37 percent of the national income went to wages. By 1993 only 25 percent  of the national income went to wages. There  ha s been a decline in the standard of living of  the majority of Mexicans. Child malnutrition went from 7.5 percent to 15 percent. In  1993, the buying power of the Mexican minimum wage dropped to 60 percent of its 1983  value. Minimum wage is now 81 cents per  hour or $6.50 a day. Manufacturing wages in  Canada are eight times that of wages in  Mexico. Per capita income is one-sixth that  of the US.  In the early 80s, there was a [foreign]  debt strike by several major debtor nations,  including Mexico. Mexico was the first to  break down and accept the demands of the  international financial institutions and of the  US. In the early 80s, Mexico owed $80 billion  US in foreign debt. Over the last 14 years,  they ha ve paid off $100 billion in interest and  principal, but now owe $116 billion, in addition, they owe payments on another $125  billion in personal debt and foreign investment. That means Mexico owes $240 billion  US plus interest.  Meanwhile, the number of billionaires  in Mexico has gone from one to over 20.  Mexico has gone through a process of privatization. Last week, Fortune Magazine listed  as the most profitable service corporatrion  in the world Telephonos de Mexico, which  made $2.9 billion US profit last year. The  Mexican government, responding to pres  sure from the International Monetary Fund  (IMF) and the US, privatized the telephone  company. And in keeping with the NAFTA  process, the government recently announced  there will be 20 new maquiladora "free trade  zones" in the state of Chiapas.  Uprising in Chiapas  The significance of the uprising in  Chiapas in Mexico [see Kinesis, Feb/94] has  been understated in the mainstream media.  Since the coming to power of Mexico's ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI)  in the 1930s, there is no single event that has  shaken Mexican society more than the revolution in Chiapas. It is not a revolution restricted to the Zapatistas in Chiapas or the  other Southern states of Mexico but has support throughout Mexico.  Last month, the Zapatista National Liberation Army and the Zapatista Front held a  national democratic conference in Chiapas,  with more than 5,000 Mexican and foreign  delegates attending.  The Zapatista revolution is about ending the control of transnational corporations  and rich Mexicans, about land reform and  opposition to NAFTA-which allows priva-  tizationof communal lands to fransnationals  formonoculture.ThepeopleofChiapashave  no choice. They could die of poverty or fight.  In Aguascalientes, Mexico, the Zapatista  National Liberation Army's chief spokesman, known only as Marcos, told some 5000  delegates to the convention that the  Zapatistas would place their weapons at the  disposal of the civilian movement created by  the recent convention in Chiapas. There is  expected to be "peaceful civilian mobilization" if the PRI wins the Mexican elections.  The convention is demanding the creation of  a transitional government that would dismantle the PRI's hold on power in Mexico.  Elections 1994 in Mexico  Mexico's mainstream press supports the  PRI and opposes the leftwing Party of the  Democratic Revolution (PDR) headed by  Cuauhtemoc Cardenas—the son of the Mexican president in the 30s who nationalized  the oil industry. Cardenas was truly elected  in 1988, but the election was stolen by fraud.  Half-way through the counting of the votes,  the PDR was in the lead, the computers  "brokedown," and when counting resumed,  instead of having 45 percent of the vote as in  the first count, he got 20 percent of the vote  in the second half of the counting.  In Mexico's election this year, the PRI  government says the new voters list only has  a four-percent error, while the PDR says it is  17-percent fraudulent-some people on the  list are dead, never existed, or have been  registered twice, et cetera. The PDR says one  name in six is fraudulent. In addition, millions are not even on the list, yet the list was  closed by the commission several weeks  before the elections.  There is no doubt that massive electoral  fraud will take place in Mexico's elections.  And while the media is aware that the eyes  of the world are looking, it is a controlled  media that does not give the PDR, Zapatistas,  and the opposi rion the kind of coverage they  deserve. International observers may not be  able to prevent massive fraud but their very  presence tells the world that the Mexican  government is so corrupt, it needs watching.  Looking ahead  The only solution is the election of a  democratic government of national unity,  which will work for a continental agreement  with the other nations of Latin and North  America based on sustainable development.  The popular movement in Mexico is  very sophisticated, well developed and  growing. The Mexican people, in growing  numbers, are not prepared to accept the  corporate agenda. Whatever the consequences, we shall see a continuing struggle  by a broad coalition, including churches,  women's organizations, NGOs, campasinos,  the authentic trade union movement, and  others united in this common agenda. There  is a rising anti-free trade movement in Chile  and other Latin American countries and talk  of a secretariat to coordinate the work of  anti-free trade movements of all the countries of the Americas.  In Canada, if you look at the phrases  "competitive advantage," "globally competitive," "restructuring" and "downsizing,"  you find these are euphemisms for reducing  the living standards of Canadians. The objective of the transnational corporations is to  cut the living standards of all of us, and the  argument is: "how can you compete with  manufacturing wages in Mexico that are an  eighth the level of Canadian ones...we all  have to tighten our belts and do with less".  Mexican people support the Canadian  struggle to defend our living standards because they see the ability of the people of  Latin America to say, "we want an improvement in the living standards of Latin America,  we don't want the gap to be one to eight, we  want the wages of Mexican workers to rise  significantly to a continental level." People  in Latin America support our struggles to  maintain our health care, education, social  welfare and minimum wage structure. But  instead, North American corporations tell  us we need to be able to compete with the  third world. Governments are listening to  the corporations and are obsessed with debt  reduction policies, moving closer towards  cutting out social spending, which will lower  corporate tax levels and allow them to make  greater profits.  In the Americas, there is a greatneed for  peoples to work together for sustainable  economic development and mutual assistance. The agenda of the corporations is that  both the North and the South are areas for  exploitation. Our agenda is to build a relationship of solidarity with all peoples of the  Americas, for the developemnt of a new  social agenda for the Americas.  I hope the Mexican people are given the  chance to decide through the vote on a future  that is more justly based on cultural rights,  and that roots out the ignorance on which is  based the most terrible insults to a life of  dignity and respect. There is a big challenge  for anyone who has a social conscience—the  possibility to define, through popular victories, the acceptance of human rights as a way  of life in societies of the Americas.  "Ah, I was born in the war of flowers,  I am a Mexican.  I suffer, my heart fills with sorrow;  I see the desolation that grips the temple  as all the shields are consumed in  flames."  (Taken from "songs of Mexican" lament the collapse and destruction of the  Aztec world.)   Maria Julie Amestoy is a woman of the  Americas and a member of the Women of  Colour and First Nations Women Political  Action Group. Sources for this story are:  Mind Link; John Tabacfim MacFarlana, and  documents from International human rights  groups in Latin America.  10  SEPTEMBER 1994 Feature  Greening Our Cities:  Reclaiming our spaces  by Shannon e. Ash  The Greening Our Cities Conference on  sustainable urban communities in the Vancouver region was held May 7-8 [see Kinesis  Jul/Aug 94]. The conference focussed on  alternative visions to that of a Vancouver  driven by corporate development, as well as  to propose strategies to deal with some of the  pressing ecological issues facing the Greater  Vancouver region, where it is predicted the  population will almost double in the next 30  years. Some of the presentations made by  women at the conference are excerpted and  summarized here.  The first session examined some of the  Vancouver area's history, current problems,  and some positive actions.  Rose Pointe, Education Coordinator of  the Musqueam First Nation, spoke on the  panel, called "Visions of Living with the  Land in the City." The Musqueam's traditional territory includes the areasnow known  as southern Vancouver and Richmond. There  is a reserve near the University of BC, but a  land claim to a much larger area has yet to be  settled.  "... At one time, Vancouver had 27 creeks  that had natural salmon habitat...and now  the only one that has natural salmon in it is  in Musqueam, called the Musqueam creek.  In 1957, they used to call it Tin Can Creek,  because the stores in the area would dump  their garbage in the creek.  "We are trying to keep that creek  alive...But people in the area when they  clean out their swimming pools, it dumps  into the ditches...and some of it ends up in  Musqueam Creek.  "I know that many of the creeks that  once harbored salmon are gone forever, because they were either covered up, bulldozed away, or culverted.  "...Native people talkabout genocide...I  would support that [this is so] in that [the  dominant societies] try to keep us from surviving economically. At one time at Seabird  Island [where I was born,] there were seven  dairy farms. They were disbanded because  our people could not borrow from the bank  to improve the standards [of the dairy farm].  So what were our people to live on...?  ...Logging was the only thing that was  left, and that paid very well in those days...  "The image in those days was "he's just  a farmer." But the farms are where we get  our food from. And I think we have to  support our farmers and keep them. I remember when all along Marine Drive, south  of Marine Drive, there were farms all along  there. Now you only find one."  Mae Burrows of the United Fisherman  and Allied Workers Union spoke of the  impact of urban life on B.C.'s waterways.  "Urban development is...one of the biggest gobblers-up of fish habitat. What we  need to start doing is seeing fish habitat as a  really important part of our ecosystem. Much  of what goes into the marshes can be reclaimed, and reused."  "...We like to think we have sewage  treatment. We have a primary treatment  plant at Iona. 'Primary' is a real misnomer  because all they really do...is scrape the thick  stuff off the top. They test the water at the  end of Iona and there's 120 toxic chemicals  coming out of there into prime salmon  marshland...We use the Fraser River, which  is probably the most important salmon-bearing river in the world...as a gigantic toilet.  "[Politicians] try to generate a tax revolt: Would you pay a gazillion dollars for  sewage or not?' People have said, "yes, we  would pay more for sewage.' That's because  of the work of the citizens groups and grassroots organizations.  Burrows also spoke on the Kemano II  project [see What's News, page 7].  "It's Alcan Aluminum's right, given to  them by two levels of government (federal  and provincial) to virtually have control  over the entire Nechako River, to divert 87  percent of the water in that river...it's not  about aluminum smelting anymore, it's  about hydro consumption. All of these issues, while they often take place throughout the province, every single one of them  ha s to do with us urbanites, who li ve.. down  here.  "The province is going ahead with the  Kemano Completion project to provide us  with hydroelectricity based on the assumption that we're going to keep growing, that  we can't limit growth...We have enough  energy in this province now; if we moved  into conservation, [we could] save 50 percent of the energy we're consuming. We  don't need Kemano II."  Rachel Rosen of the Environmental  Youth Alliance spoke on her work with the  Youth Stewardship Project:  "We are creating a youth garden at  Cottonwood Community garden in the  Downtown Eastside. This area...is the lowest per-capita income community in  Canada...there's a real lack of park space,  wildspace, compared to the west side of  Vancouver. It's been traditionally neglected.  "There's five acres of community garden there. Strathcona Garden was started  about ten years ago on a dump site. Then  Cottonwood branched out of that three years  ago...I think it's an amazing example of  what people can do with this abandoned  land. We are going in there and dealing  with car parts, other kinds of garbage, sand  from baseball diamonds that the city  dumped on the ground. This is what we're  trying to garden in.  "We're not only growing food but  there's a lot of ecological implications to our  work, such as soil reclamation, and wildlife  habitat. There's a social aspect—a real sharing of knowledge as people of different  ages and backgrounds have so much to  offer.. It's a great way to educate people on  a basic hands-on level. Too often, kids think  that fish grows in styrofoam, and adults  bite into tomatoes and don't realize that  they were picked by indentured labourers  in Mexico who are working for multinational corporations.  "..In planning for a green city, we have  to take into account cultural [and] educational backgrounds, class...we need to start  breaking down some of the oppressions  that exist between all of us...we need to  support people who are working within  those issues."  Concern about access and linking with  diverse communities was stressed a number  of times during the conference (which was  attended by relatively few people of colour.)  The question, "what are our visions of  a green city that is socially just?" was an  important part of the conference. In introducing the session on "Visions of Community Well-being" Marcia Nozick (editor of  City magazine) spoke on the connections  between sustainability and justice:  "It's important to understand that the  same forces that are polluting our air, our  water, our soil, those same economic forces  are undermining and dismanding the structure of community life...Rootlessness and  dispossession are the inevitable byproducts  of an economy that's based on global competition and capital mobility. People have  to move to find jobs; corporations move to  find cheaper labour. I've been told thateven  the average food molecule in Canada travels  2,000 miles before it reaches our dinner table.  "Vancouver sees itself as being a 'world  class city'—this world-class city vision is  based on ever-expanding growth and consumption, on unfair trade practices, and on  gross inequities in access to land and resources and to the decision-making process.  I think the challenge for the Green City  vision is to create a city that has communities  that are more economically self-sufficient,  where people have their needs met and that  are grounded in the experiences of people  who live in these communities."  Heather Pritchard of the Community  Alternatives Society (CAS) spoke of belonging to an intentional community for  over 15 years. Most members live in a housing co-op in Kitsilano, and the Society also  runs Fraser Farm Co-op in Aldergrove, an  organic farm.  "I am definitely below the poverty line,"  said Pritchard, "but I don't have an experience of poverty, because my housing charges  are based on my income." Affordability is  key: "Right now in Kitsilano [an area of  Vancouver that became genrrified in the  1980's and saw land and housing prices  skyrocket] we'd never be able to do what we  did 15 years ago."  CAS has an "edible landscape:" fruit  trees in the front and back yards, wild garden along the perimeter. The farm co-op  provides some income through sale of seasonal salad and garnish products to restaurants. They share equipment and appliances  and, like in many co-ops, have a free bin to  re-use goods.  The community regularly pledges  money which is then directed toward various social change projects.  For example, composting has been taking place for the last decade, using a huge  "one of a kind" composter which has "engineers from all over the world phoning up to  find out how it works." They now have  some funding to construct prototypes of this  composter, to do composting for apartment  buildings. Another project is "Farm Folk/  City Folk", which focusses on issues of food  and agriculture.  The second day of the conference  focussed on action.  Nancy Skinner, an activist in urban  ecology issues in Berkeley, California for 20  years, talked about her experience in urban  activism. Among the groups she has been  active with is Berkeley Citizens Action  (BCA):  "The most important aspect of BCA is  that it evolved out of progressive social  change movements. It was a coalition made  up of student groups, anti-war groups, senior citizen groups, tenantactivists,civil rights,  the women's movement. The bottom line is  that social justice and social equity were  always the focus of the organization. BCA's  environmental activism grew out of these  concerns. Thus it was primarily centred on  the environmental issueswhich provided an  opportunity for community development  [and] social equity.  "I think [this is] important because, to  be honest, the environmental movement has  still pretty much been a white middle class  movement. If we come a tit from the.tradirion  of the environmental movement, which has  mostly been a conservation movement, we  lose a lot of people. If we come at it from the  community development [and empowerment] point of view, then it's much more  embracing."  One of the first environmental issues  BCA tackled was energy conservation when  US fuel prices rose in the late 70s. Low  income people were harder hit as more of  their income goes toward essential needs.  When the city's budget was reduced by tax  cuts, social programs began to be cut; the  BCA "proposed energy conservation as a  way that the city could save money,  internally,...so we could redirect that money  to social programs.  "The essential component of achieving  a green city is community buy-in, which  requires coalition-building and participatory democracy integrated into every aspect  of your work...It's not enough to have a  vision, and then try to sell it or impose it,  because people have to own it, people have  to feel it's their vision too." Coalition-building requires "recognizing and respecting"  existing organizations in the communities  with which you want to make links.  Marcia Nozick spoke on her work as  the Healthy Communities Coordinator in  Winnipeg:  "Winnipeg is very different from Vancouver. Winnipeg is being marginalized in  the global economy and our inner city is  rapidly declining.  "We're looking at how we can develop  a local economy that can support the inner  city...We're looking at projects that  strengthen the local economy and avoid creating dependency on charity systems and on  other systems which are not designed to  build human self-reliance and self-respect  among participants. We don't support food  banks, we support other kinds of alternatives, [like] community kitchens. We promote the sharing of wealth, power, and decision-making, and cooperative approaches  to community economic development."  Nozick says they are "auditing" organizations, businesses and government institutions for their contribution to community  development. The criteria include: "production of goods and services [locally] for local  use"; "long-term employment of local residents; local skill-development; local decision-making."  Some of the actions coming out of the conference include an Eco-City Network [see Bulletin Board]; a group supporting First Nations  land claims, called Friends of the Treaty Process  [con tact: Marion Halle 876-62 73]; and a Food in  the City group [contact: Susan Petersen 228-  9802].    Shannon e. Ash has been growing vegetables  in her front yard, and they're doing very well,  but does anyone know how to get rid of  powdery mildew?  SEPTEMBER 1994 Interview with Pascasia Kabazaire:  "We want to be called Rwandese."  as told to L Muthoni Wanyeki i__  L. Muthoni Wanyeki: The conflict in Rwanda has resulted  in over 500,000 deaths and an outpouring of refugees, 65  percent of whom are women and children, into neighboring  African countries. Living in Canada, it has been difficult fo\  get an accurate picture of what is going on. Although the  conflict entered the mainstream media here in April, with  the death of Pvandan President Juvenal Habyarimana, it  has been going on for over three years. <~ould you give us a  little history?  Pascasia Kabazaire: In Rwanda, there are three tribes:  Bahutu, a big group; Barutsi, the ones fighting to form a new  government; and batwa, the pygmy people, very small in  number.  These people lived together under a King before 1959.  After that time, the Hutu formed a government. But they  were too strict. Even though they were supposed to share  and give some seatsin government to the Tutsi people, they  refused everything to the Tutsi people. From 1959 on, Tutsi  people ran away from Rwanda.  Pascasia Kabazaire and L. Muthoni Wanyeki  Three years ago, they were fed up with being refugees.  They asked to come home, but the government refused. So  they came by force—actually if they hadn't been prevented  by the French, they would have managed to go in without  too much bloodshed.  When Habyarimana met with the UN [United Nations]  in Arusha and theOAU[Organizationof African Unity] was  • arranging for everything to be done well. Some extremist  Hutu didn't like it. They arranged the mass killings behind  the back of the UN. The RPF [Rwandese Patriotic Front] went  in quickly to see if they could save some people.  Wanyeki: The agreement that was reached in Arusha  was that Habyarimana was to take leadership for the interim  and to lead the country into multiparty elections where there  was meant to be some power sharing.  '■    Kabazaire: Yes, but extremist Hutu didn't like it, they  wanted to rule forever by themselves.  Wanyeki: The western, mainstream media continue to  explain the situation in Rwanda as being solely based on  tribalism—as they tend to do with almost all political crises  in Africa.  For example, right  now, the labour and student riots in Nigeria  around the military governments refusal to accept the multiparty election results and the conflict that those riots have  sparked arealsobeingex-  plained in solely  tribalisticterms.Whatare  your thoughts on that?  Kabazaire:  Habyarimana and Hutu  extremists were trying to  use tribalism to keep political power to themselves. But now, the RPF  and the Hutu that are in  government are trying to  avoid tribalism. The war,  fighting and bloodshed  will never end if this tribalism goes on. We want  to be called Rwandese—  not Hutu, not Tutsi, not  Twa.  Wanyeki: So tribalism is actually a tool that's  used to divide people...  Kabazaire: Yes, it's a way of dividing people to keep  power. There is a saying: "divide and rule."  .Wanyeki: And there are Hutu members of the RPF, isn't  that right?  Kabazaire: Yes, the RPF is said to be Tutsi but actually  they are mixed. They are like me, they don't believe they are  Hutu or Tutsi. Moreover, there are Hutu who have always  been against Habyarimana's government, some of whom  are also now joining the RPF. There are different political  parties, but they want to be called Rwandese, they want to  share power. And they also want all of the refugees to return.  Those who ran away long ago, those who are in Ngoma [in  Zaire] now, should go home.  Wanyeki: Now that the conflict has settled somewhat,  what do you think the priorities are in terms of rebuilding?  What are progressives saying both in Rwanda and abroad?  Kabazaire: We wish the refugees that are suffering the  most in Ngoma would go bac"k home. There are too many,  there are no facilities there. The solution is to go home and to  build a new government and the country. There is totally  zero now, everything is gone.  Wanyeki: One of the questions we hear a lot is what to do  with the extremists that sparked this kind of bloodshed.  What are people saying about justice, about making sure that  tribalistic propaganda and this kind of induced conflict  doesn't happen again?  Kabazaire: We all have to fight it. We should help one  another and share. There is no need to keep power, that is  dangerous. As it is, if the Hutu hadn't refuse power to the  Tutsi before, this wouldn't have happened.  Wanyeki: The conflict has resulted in the outpouring of  refugees, most of whom are women and children, into  neighbouring African countries. We've heard a lot about the  death of the President, but we haven't heard much about the  death of the Prime Minister who was a woman. Women and  children always seem to bear the brunt of this kind of war.  Do you want to talk about that?  Kabazaire: It is a pity that women in Rwanda were not  given opportunities in government. If many women had  been in government, they would have had the heart to  sympathize with everybody. They are not money-minded;  they don't want power for power's sake. The former Prime  Minister, Agathe Unwillingiyimana, was against discrimination. She wanted power to be shared amongst the Hutu,  Twa and Tutsi. She was happy that the Tutsi were coming  back into the country. She was the first to be beheaded.  And many woman were raped before being killed.  There are now many orphans. So, woman and children are  suffering the most in Rwanda.  Wanyeki: What has the response been from Rwandans  living abroad in terms of organizing and support work?  Kabazaire: The world is helping Rwanda, helping the  refugees in Ngoma.  Wanyeki: You mentioned that there were four Rwandese  families living in Vancouver. What have Rwandans here  been doing during this period?  Kabazaire: We feel very concerned, we wonder what to  do. Communications are a problem, we can't even write to  people there. Right now, we are just waiting. After that, we  will itry to make contact and help by all means.  'Wanyeki: And the last question. As a Rwandese woman  living abroad yourself, what do you feel women, and especially women of colour, living in Canada should know?  Kabazaire: Women should be helped, especially those  who come from another country for a better life. We should  be given the opportunity to do the jobs we know we can do  and not be denied that opportunity because we are foreigners. We should be helped, be trained in the fields we want so  that we don't sit without doing anything.  Wanyeki: Is there anything else you would like to add?  Kabazaire: Yes. Many Rwandese women have never had  the opportunity to get an education. But they are talented  musicians, good singers and dancers. If I had money, I  would help them to travel and sing and dance so they could  raisejnoney to help the orphans at home-we have a lot of  orphans in Rwanda, morethananywhere else. These women  could help if they where given the opportunity to do so.  Pascasia Kabazaire is a Rwandan housewife and single mother  currently living in Vancouver. L. Muthoni Wanyeki is a mixed  race, Kenyan lesbian who has worked in community-based  media in Vancouver. Thanks to Amal Hassan for transcribing  this interview, and to Dawit of Immigrant Services for  assistance in arranging this interview. A longer version of this  interview aired in August on Obaa, a show for and by women  of colour on Co-op Radio, Vancouver.  An abbreviated history  compiled by L Muthoni Wanyeki  Pre-colonial times:  1300s: Tutsi migration from the north  into what is now Rwanda following an earlier Hutu migration. The Tutsi are  cattlekeepers. The Hutu are farmers. Exchange of goods occurs. Intermarriage between Tutsi, Hutu and Twa (the pygmy  indigenous people), becomes common. The  kingdom of Gasabo comes into being, with a  common language, common traditions and  common religion. All clans in Gasabo come  to have members from all three nations  [tribes]. The kingdom is feudal, but based on  consensus decision-makingbetween the king  and village chiefs, chiefs and sub-chiefs, and  the elders.  Colonial times:  1899-1916: Gasabo is seen as a German  protectorate after the arbitrary division of  Africa amongst European colonizing states.  1919: Gasabo is ceded to the Belgians as  Ruanda-Urundi—first under a League of  Nations mandate, then as a UN trust territory. European missionaries/ethnologists  enter and the people begin to be registered  along national [tribal] lines.  1926: The Belgians pass the Morteham  Law, directing King Musinga to appoint  only Tutsi as chiefs. He refuses to do so.  1931: The King is forcibly exiled to Zaire  by the colonial governor. His brother  Gitarama takes over. The Hutu are forced  into labour by the Tutsi Chiefs who have  been placed in the position of acting as an  enforcers for the Belgians.  1959: Peasant uprisings begin over issues of land and exclusion from political  power. Refugees leave for Tanzania, Uganda  and Zaire.  1961:The Gitarama monarchy ends with  a coup d'etat.  Post-colonial times:  1962: Rwanda and Burundi gain their  independence. Elections are held in Rwanda.  Hutu representatives win most of the seats.  Tutsi representatives who won seats are  killed. A military, one-party state is established under President Kayibanda. The Tutsi  are persecuted for land acquired under colonization. The flow of refugees continues as  the mass killings of Tutsi begin.  1973: President Kayibanda is overthrown by former Minister of Defense,  Juvenal Habyarimana. The French provide  training and financial support to the  Rwandese army and support to the new  government.  1980s: President Obote in Uganda orders the expulsion of all Rwandese refugees.  Some Rwandese join with the Ugandan opposition under Museveni.  1986: President Museveni comes to  power in Uganda.  1987: Museveni's Rwandese supporters  form the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) and  with his support, begin negotiating with  President Habyarimana for the unconditional  return of all Rwandese refugees to Rwanda.  October 1990: Negotiations fail. Returning Rwandese are harassed and sometimes  killed. TheRPF enters Rwanda. The civil war  begins. Internal opposition to the authoritarian and discriminatory nature of  Habyarimana's regime steps up. Some members of the opposition join with the RPF as it  advances. The army provides military training and arms to the Interahamwe, the youth  wing of Habyarimana's party, the National  Republican Movement for Democracy and  Development (NRMDD). The Interahamwe  begin mass killings of Tutsi civilians, Tutsi  and Hutu opposition members and intellectuals under official orders. The French interfere, siding with Habyarimana's government.  August 1993: Under internal and western pressures for political pluralism, the  military government signs a peace accord  with the RPF in Arusha, Tanzania, intended  to end the three-year civil war. Fausrin  Twagiramungu, a Hutu opposed to  Habyarimana's regime, is designated Prime  Minister for an 18-month interim period. At  the end of this period, Rwanda is meant to  hold its first multiparty elections to form a  six-party coalition government.  Late 1993: The French leave Rwanda  under pressure from the RPF and the African and Western countries who brokered  the Arusha peace accord.  April 6, 1994: President Juvenal  Habyarimana dies in unexplained plane  crash. Suspected are Hutu extremists op  posed to the Arusha peace accord; and the  RPF.  April 7, 1994: Prime Minister Agathe  Uwillingiyimana,amoderateHutu,opposed  todiscriminationalongnational [tribal] lines  and a supporter of political pluralism, is  executed by the Interahamwe. Radio Mille  Collines and Radio Rwanda begin to broadcast anti-Tutsi propaganda. Mass killings  begin. Civilians begin to stream into Ngoma,  Zaire.  April 8,1994: The RPF begins its offensive from the east. The UN removes almost  all its personnel from Rwanda.  May 23,1994: A 36-hour truce allows  for the entry of a UN special envoy whose  purpose is to attempt negotiations between  the military government and the RPF.  May 25, 1994: The UN sends 5,500  peacekeepers into Rwanda. The Congo [Zaire?], Ethiopia, Ghana, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania and Zimbabwe commit troops. The  military government agrees to UN-sponsored peace talks. The RPF refuses to negotiate with the military government, which it  terms criminal for the incitement of genocide. It states its intention to enter a ceasefire  only when the massacre of civilians ends  and when civilians are granted safe passage.  June 23,1994: The French enter Rwanda  with 2,500 troops and begins to establish a  security zone in southwest Rwanda. The UN  Security Council has approved Operation  Turquoise as a two-month long humanitar-  ian mission for the protection of civilians,  butigrants the French pre-emptive military  measures. The RPF terms Operation Turquoise a foreign invasion.  July 4,1994: The RPF gains control of the  capital city, Kigali, and with it, has secured  the eastern half of Rwanda. The French initially try to stop the RPF advance westward,  but later return to their protection of civilians  mandate.  July 9, 1994: The RPF charges Canada  with harbouring a Hutu extremist, former  Presidentia 1 Advisor Leon Mugesera, a landed  immigrant doing post-doctoral work at Laval  University, who was identified by Amnesty  International. The RPF demands his trial by  the international human rights tribunal for  inciting genocide in a 1992 speech.  July 14,1994: The Prime Minister-designate Twagiramungu arrives. The RPF declares a unilateral ceasefire. It also demands  the trial for war crimes of members of the  RNMDD and re-education, rather than punishment for civilians who participated in the  mass killings. Twagiramungu states his intention to abide by the Arusha peace accord,  excluding the RNMDD from the coalition.  August 22,1994: The French are due to  withdraw, to be replaced by UN-sponsored  African assistance mission.  Thanks to Pascasia Kabazaire for all the  background information.  Commentary:  by L Muthoni Wanyeki  As is the case with wars the world over,  the civil war in Rwanda has had devastating  consequences. There have been over 500 000  deaths, 65% of them women and children.  In some cases, entire families have been  wiped out. There has been an outpouring of  almost three million refugees into neighbouring African countries. Humanitarian  aid-food supplies, medical supplies, medical personnel~to the refugee camps is pitifully inadequate. Aid workers estimate that  there have been an additional 25 000 deaths  due to cholera and dysentery. There are at  least 75 000 orphaned children. The cash-  crop based economy of Rwanda is ruined:  unpicked coffee rots on the bushes. Schools  and hospitals have been looted. There is no  electricity, no running water, no sewage  systems. The enormity of the tasks ahead is  staggering. And how to begin to deal with  the trauma of witnessing mass rapes, mass  murders, the displacement of entire peoples?  To aid in the recovery, it is imperative  that we understand exactly what happened -  -and it has been hard indeed to reach that  understanding here in Canada because of  the framing of the situation in Rwanda by  the North American media. A Somali woman  from Africa Watch, a London-based human  rights information group, has called the  mainstream western media's coverage of  Rwanda shameful. And it has been shameful indeed.  The mainstream western media's formulaic response to any political crisis in the  third world-and particularly in Africa-has  been followed to a tee. Observation: Internal  conflict. Reason: Tribalism. Consequences:  "THOSE people are killing themselves!"  Moral Dilemma: "Should WE let them do  that to each other?" New observations: An  outpouring of civilians into neighbouring  countries. An estimated 200-500 000 deaths,  65% of those women and children. A higher  moral purpose emerges: "SAVE THEM!"  And in comes the cavalry...  The problem with this kind of formulaic  response is that the emergence of the dilemma and its resolution by the rise of a  higher moral purpose on the part of the West  tends to obscure the historical facts behind  the initial observation of internal conflict.  The obscuring of history, even very recent  history, means that basic Western assumptions can be called into play. The cavalry can  thus ride in, assured of its messianic role,  and the only debate from that point on will  be debate on the logistics of the cavalry's  deployment.  The mainstream western media would  have us believe that the conflict in Rwanda is  solely tribal in nature. That long-standing  tribalism between the Tutsi of the Rwandan  Patriotic Front and the militia of the Hutu  government flared into civil war with the  murder of Rwandese Hutu president on  April 6. This simple call-and-response approach has utterly failed to account for the  recent history of the African continent, as  well as the particular political context of  Rwanda.  The late 1980s and the early 1990s saw a  continent-wide movement for political pluralism in Africa. Sparked in part by the fall  of single-party states in the so-called Eastern  Bloc, the multiparty movement became a  focus for popular anger and frustration over  economic hardships and human rights violations, specifically around political dissent  and organized protest. Articulated by intellectuals, as well as by the now well-established professional and business classes, the  multiparty movement drew the eager support of Western donor countries and agencies. For the professional and business  classes, for the most part, advocated an end  to corruption by the implementation of free  trade policies. Right-wing economic agendas became synonymous with the term democracy.  With western pressure and rising internal dissatisfaction, multiparty elections were  held in many former one-party states. And  while the elections have meant that many  governments that had grown comfortable  with the power for authoritarian control  have been toppled, they have also meant  that attempts at socialism and state control  of various industries for the purpose of equitable distribution have, in several countries,  been put to rest.  In all of these conflicts, threatened regimes have used any and all tools possible to  retain political and economic power. The  situation in Rwanda is no different. And  tribalism has always been a useful tool to  manipulate power. The Belgians were aware  of that when they implemented the  Morteham Law in colonial times, which  granted political power solely to the Tutsi.  The military government was aware of that  when it attempted to redistribute land upon  independence. The state-run media and the  militia of the Interahamwe has been aware  of that as it strongholds for the fading regime  against internal opposition and the entry of  the RPF. Tribalism in Rwanda is not longstanding-it dates back to the Morteham La w.  There are Hutu opposed to Habyarimana's  regime. TherearebothHutu and Tutsi in the  RPF. And the UNHCR [UN High Commission for Refugees] has no evidence that the  RPF is exacting revenge for the mass murder  of Tutsi upon the return home of Hutu refugees.  The role of the French in supporting the  Habyarimana regime cannot be forgotten.  The support of the west for the power-sharing Arusha peace accord is suspect, given  that political pluralism will achieve no real  economic change for the people of Rwanda-  -although certainly, the gain of a safe homeland for all its peoples cannot, by any means,  be seen as trivial.  My point is that African people mobilized—and will continue to mobilize—because  they have felt disempowered. That  disempowerment and the struggles it produces are not tribal in nature, although they  may come to be articulated along tribal lines.  Struggle is always both economic and political in nature-tribalism is a convenient tool-  -and a colonial invention in the case of  Rwanda-to divert attention from what is  really at stake.  The western free trade agenda means  that the west has a stake in the outcomes of  those struggles. Tne arrival of the cavalry,  named as peacekeepers, obscures that fact  by implying neutrality.  We know the west is not neutral. We  have a responsibility not to play into the set-  ups placed before us.   An earlier version of this commentary aired in  June on Obaa, a show for and by women of  colour on Co-op Radio in Vancouver. Feature  Interview with Himani Bannerji:  Women against religious  fundamentalism  by Himani Bannerji, as told to  Fatima Jaffer   This article first appeared on the centre  pages in the April 1994 issue of Kinesis. Due  to a printing error, the colour overlay on the  text made it difficult, if not impossible, to  read the article. The Kinesis Editorial Board  decided to reprint the article this month  following numerous verbal and written requests to that effect from Kinesis readers [see  Letters, page 19].  Himani Bannerji is from India. She is a  member of an Indian women s group, Sachetana  (consciousness). She teaches in the Sociology  department at York University in Toronto. She  researches in the area of gender and colonialism,  particularly looking at the women's movement  in India. She is part of an ongoing discussion  about women and fundamentalism in India..  Kinesis spoke with Bannerji, who was in Vancouver last month.  Fatima Jaffer: Could you define fundamentalism and communalism?  Himani Bannerji: In Canada, community and communalism are good words. If  you call somebody a communalist in Vancouver or Toronto, you would not usually be  saying they're politically reactionary. But in  India, communalism is tied up with religious bigotry and right-wing definitions of  community—stickingupforcommunity,de-  fined on the basis of religion, versus all  people, or community versus class. Class  politics are wider and include Hindus, Muslims, and Christians—all people or national  politics that have a notion of a liberal democratic state for all are short-circuited by communalism. Communalism leads to the creation of countries on the basis of religion.  Communities in India are indigenous  communities, so there's no question of sticking up for your own—your own exists all  over. You don'ttalkabout littleethnic groups  because this isn't about an ethnic group in  India; it's about 13 percent of the indigenous  people—the largest Muslim presence anywhere in the world.  jaffer: You're talking in sheer numbers,  because there's the whole Middle East as  well.  Bannerji: Yes, but no Middle Eastern  country, no country in the world has as  many Muslims as India. You're talking about  12-13 percent in present-day India, minus  Bangladesh, minus the area that is Pakistan,  and it's still the largest Muslim concentration in the world. So if your community is  the whole country, community politics in  that sense does not make sense. The dalit (the  untouchables caste) community politics  might be called community politics, but it  will never be called communalism. Communalism came to be an euphemism for  standing for your own religious grouping,  for a state founded on the basis of religion.  This is why the Muslim League and the  Hindu Mahasabha would be considered  communal politics, because they would  name the political subject as being religious  identity, not a social, national, economic  identity.  This is why "communalism" is a bad  thing—it means somebody who wants no  single state, someone who does not believe  in the rights of all workers, someone who  first defines people in terms of religion, then  defines politics and exclusivity on the basis  of that.  Jaffer: How does caste fit in to this?  Bannerji: Caste is one of the definitions  in what we are talking about, but caste politics didn't arise like that. We'll leave that  aside for now. Let's look at f undamenta lism,  which isagainareworkingof religion. When  a group of people decide that they know  what the true fundamental meaning is, they  become the fundamental spokesperson for  interpreting [that meaning.] A practising  Hindu or Muslim can practise religion in  many different ways. Fundamentalism is  not being religious. You can be a practising  Hindu or Muslim, you don't have to be a  fundamentalist. Whatmakes you fundamentalist is believing that one version is the one  true version and there is no other, excluding  all the competing versions and practices that  exist.  Jaffer: And believing no other version  should exist...  Bannerji: Yes, claiming a monopoly of  definition for one truth of the religion. Fundamentalism is extremely elitist. It comes  from the aristocracy of any group, Hindus  or Muslims and, in the context of India, it's  Reagan gave very solid support to Christian  fundamentalism. When [US president  George) Bush bombed Iraq [during the "Gulf  War" of 1992], he prayed the whole night  with [Christian fundamentalist] Billy  Graham. Why Billy Graham? Yet no-one  made a big issue out of this, or noted that he  supported the American state as a fundamentalist state. But if an Islamic leader had  done that, it would immediately be highlighted in the Western media as fundamentalist and fanaticist.  In the West, Christian fundamentalism,  in direct and indirect ways, has a lot of ties  with state policies, such as the way that  welfare is decided, the way that women are  looked at, the way that abortion rights are  talked about, the way gays and lesbians are  labeled. All this has to do with how these  states relate to moral-majority campaigns  and fundamentalism within their own countries.  Jaffer: And all these things threaten the  economic base, the people who have power,  or people for whom the economy is structured...  Bannerji: Economic issues are more indirectly but very powerfully involved. In  Part of the strength  [of fundamentalism] comes from  how it is presented in  international politics and...media  the (Ulemat's) or the Brahminical castist interpretation of Hinduism parading as the  real Hinduism and the real Islam of the  country.  Jaffer: And it is directed at the non-elite,  the "masses."  Bannerji: Yes, it becomes the representative, the spokesperson for millions of people. It suppresses all the other voices that are  within that religious group and actively  works to put them out of existence.  Jaffer: Where does it get its strength?  H: Well, it doesn't manage to [put other  voices out of existence], fortunately. One of  the problems with Western propaganda  about fundamentalism is that [the propaganda] makes [fundamentalism] into something real. In India, hundreds of thousands  of people disagree with these [fundamentalist] versions of Hinduism and Islam. I have  been in marches where a million people  marched against the destruction of the  Ayodhya mosque [in December, 1992, by  the BJP, Bharatya Janata Party, the Indian  People's Party, one of the Hindu fundamentalist political parties] but no one reported  that here. There's no attempt to highlight the  competing and contesting views inside the  country itself. Part of the strength [of fundamentalism] comes from how it is presented  in international politics and in the international media.  Jaffer: What about Christian fundamentalism?  Bannerji: When you look at the American presidency and its support of fundamentalism in regard to abortion issues, the  "family", or homosexuality, you find that  people like [former US president Ronald]  India, people don't talk much about fundamentalism; they talk about Hindu and Muslim right-wing reaction.  Indian nationalism has many strands.  Some of it is not religious-based, some of it  is. The version of India as Hindu wasn't  invented by the nationalists. It was the work  of almost a hundred years of British  historiography and administration. Having  taken over India from the Muslims, British  historiography talks about India as belonging to Hindus, and of Muslims as foreigners.  Eighteenth century Orientalist writers in the  West,forexample,definedtheoriginalpopu-  larion of India to be Hindu. The new formula  of Hindi, Hindu, Hindustan, that the Sangh  Parivar (coalition of Hindu fundamentalists  associations political parties) is using has its  roots in that.  What is forgotten is that only a very  small number of Muslims came to India  from the Middle East. The millions of Muslims living in India are actually indigenous  to India, people who chose a religious conversion, but culturally, socially, regionally,  linguistically, are Indian. The myth of the  Muslim as "foreigner," came from the crusade literature of Europe, and the perenial  trade competition between the merchantry  of the Red Sea area, and the European  merchantry.  Until the 17th century, the Ottoman  Empire was present all the way to Vienna,  half-way into what is called Europe now. A  whole set of stereotypes in Europe were  invented about the Muslims. It wasn't until  the late 18th century when the English took  hold of Bengal that this became the ruling  discourse: Muslims as the outsider, Muslim  as the invader, Muslim as the fanatic.  The mixture of religions, cultures and  politics in India that go way back are completely ignored. For example, the fact that  Urdu as [an Indian] language is a form of  Farsi [a Middle Eastern language,] the fact  that the clothes you and I are wearing right  now are of both the Middle East and India, is  completely forgotten.Thecolonialdiscourse  of seeing India as Hindu was spread out  very far.  Cultural nationalism from the mid-19th  century picked up this cultural formulation  of India as Hindu. Indian nationalism can be  said to have at least three elements: Hinduism; the liberal democracy of the West, i.e.  the separation between state and religion  and a civil state for all; and a quasi-socialist  component from the anarchism, communism and socialism of Europe collapsed into  something called the Fabian socialism of the  Nehruvian Congress. There were different  periods during which different strands predominated. In the late 19th and early 20th  century, there was a big competition between which strand would get hold of the  politics.  [Mahatma] Ghandi straddled the two.  On one hand, Ghandi did have a religious  kind of understanding and his use of  Ramayana (a classical Hindu ethical text)  was predominant, particularly with regards  to the poor. Ghandi had three or four voices  with which he spoke [to different  peoples]...That is why Ghandi's ability to  bind large numbers of people of disparate  positions could clearly come about.  Jaffer: Which, in some sense, is often the  only option available during an anti-  colonialist war...  Bannerji: To some extent, except that  Ghandi never supported communists, public distribution, public control or public  means of production. Whereas Ghandi supported the poor, he also said, in his kingdom  of Rama, the just kingdom, there'll be kings  and beggars. Beggars will be looked after by  kings, and kings will also be respected by the  lower classes. But he never said why in a  country there should be kings or beggars.  If Ghandi had any enemy bigger than  the British it was the Soviet Union and the  communists. The first act of the Indian state  whenitcameinpowerinl947wastobanthe  Communist Party of India. For three years,  they banned the party, lots of people were  killed, and there was enormous persecution  of Communists. The Ghandi who said not to  give revenue to the British never supported  the peasants in their no-rent struggle against  local landlords. He remained solidly with  the property owner.  The same tool he used to unite people  also divided people. He named the people as  Hindus, and named the people as Muslims,  gave them an ideological space in his kingdom, but never considered them as producing people of the country who should have  the means of social wealth in their control.  After almost 50 years of Indian independence, about 45 percent of people live below  starvation level. People still own hundreds  of thousands of hectares of land, and that is  considered okay by the state even though,  legally, it is forbidden. But the landless Indian poor cannot challenge a landlord for  owning hundreds of thousands of hectares,  14  SEPTEMBER 1994 Feature  given that also part of the landlord's family is  in the government, makes legislation, and  industrializes India. There's no way people  could ever implement these laws and the  government has no real will to do it.    •  This is why nationalist slogans on religion talking about economic questions take  hold. This deprivation is volatile and politically actionable. You're not talking about  consciousness and culture, you're talking  about complete and utter deprivation, starvation, the selling of women in markets, the  selling of children in markets, the labour of  five year olds, the dispossession of people to  an extent where cities have grown to the size  of up to 16 million people because the countryside is totally and completely devastated  and controlled.  The left organizing in India has been  internally weakened and externally bashed  in by the state powers, a powerful, Draconian  imperial state which has inherited the colonial machinery. [The government] didn'tdis-  mantle it, but reinforced it. The state has one  of the largest standing armies in the world—  an army that does not often go and do things  to other nations, but works on its own people.  India has five kinds of well-trained, and well-  funded police.  Again, their main target is the poor, the  "unruly" and the "ungovernable". The British called Indians ungovernable, the rich now  call the Indian poor ungovernable. The government has also dismantled a lot of people's  organizations and continually threatened  popular, class-based, anti-state organizations  of any kind.  Ideologically, the left has never really  addressed the question of culture, not because it didn't want to, but it put them in a  strange quandary; the quandary of Ghandi.  That is, if you name people on the basis of  religion, you stand the risk of exacerbating  religious differences. If you don't, you stand  the risk of actually ignoring realities within  which people actually live.  Then comes electoral politics, which use  features of religion to get votes. [Mahatma]  Ghandi's great gift to the Muslim community  of Muslim personal lawwasanassaultagainst  women as far as I'm concerned. Upping the  religious definitions of people and saying "I  am the protector of the minorities" has been  a big game of the Congress Party. Today, it's  members of the Sangh Parivar which were  not importantduring independence [in 1947]  but have now become powerful [because]  they are reaping the benefits of games that  Congress has played for over 30 years now.  Places where there had been gains by  Congress have now become major riot belts.  In 1991, the Prime Minister of India released something called the Mandal Commission, [which] said that poor people, on  the grounds of poverty and not just caste,  should have affirmative action or what they  called positive discrimination. Naming people as low caste took the scenario away from  the right-wing to some extent and, in the  name of caste politics, created class politics—  in many places lower caste and lower class  are synonymous.  The Mandal Commission actually had a  way of creating solidarity among the people,  which was very inimical to the interest of the  right-  People were then called back into the  [right-wing's] folds in the name of being  Hindu, or Muslim, creating big hegemonic  blocks that can be pitted against one another.  Huge riots followed. The media's rule has  also been lethal in the communilisation of  Indian life and politics. The media got captured by Hinduization, by history programs  that they used to run [on TV] and still do. One  [program] was a complete Hinduisation of  Indian history, done by historians who were  Hindu fundamentalists themselves. The Muslim rulers and any benevolence in their eras  [of rule in India] was completely forgotten as  were many facts of Hindu history, or that  language and cultural things, like dances,  were a combination of Hindu and Muslim  cultures. What was left in place was the image of continual invaders coming to India.  SEPTEMBER 1994  Then came the dramatization of the  Ramayana. They interpreted the text—it's 18  volumes thick, so you can pick out of it  anything you want and what they picked  out was patriotic, militaristic, paternalistic,  patriarchal and casteist. The areas where  the Ramanaya was a well-read text among  the rural peasantry is the area where the  heaviest fundamentalist campaigns happened.  The south has still not been affected by  this Sangh Parivar onslaught because the  south has its own anti-Brahminical politics^—popular consciousness is more against  the Brahmins than the Muslims.  When you look at all the different  levels, you begin to get the scope, contradictions and complexities of the situation. Modern Indian poverty and the incredible political and economic crisis that India has been  in over the last 10 years, has given a rich  ground for communalism and fundamentalism.  In Bombay, where riots never happened between Hindus and Muslims until  now, the areas targeted were where Muslims live. Lots of Muslims right now are  words, it is the elevation of a killer kind of  masculinity.  Jaffer: So where is the opposition to this  coming from? You say there's a strong opposition; what is it and where are women in  this whole equation?  Bannerji: There is a strong opposition.  This is where I think alternate media—because the mainstream media of the West will  never do it—has to highlight the fact that  hundreds of thousands of people have not  agreed to [the fundamentalist agenda.] For  example, there have been all kinds of groups  of Muslims and Hindus together fighting  the aristocracy inside their own communities.  The present riot-mongeringhasalsohad  little appeal. The unsettlement or disarrangement of people's lives hasn't pleased people.  Yes, there are short bursts of violence, but  •there's no desire for a long term bloodbath  on the part of either ordinary Hindus or  ordinary Muslims. You can periodically stir  them up but you can't keep it going.  And the fact that [right-wing, fundamentalist parties] failed electorally [in the  last elections] in the places where they gen-  By saying that  [feminism is] not Indian  ignores the hundred years of women's struggle  and male reformers  who were pro-women's rights.  low-income people. The tailors, handicraft  workers, dayworkers, etcetera live in this  slum where Hindus and Muslims have lived  since the partition [of India in 1948]. The riot  didn't happen between the slumdwellers,  the riot happened against the slumdwellers  by upper-income housing estates and the  police. In February, 1993, this riot left quite  a lot of people dead and the area was completely devastated. Basically, they were trying to get rid of people from the slums to  take over the property.  There isagoodbookcalled KTiafa'S/iorfs,  Saffron Flags that talks about the organization of the RRS (Rashtrya Sawyam-Sevak  Sangha, the National Volunteers Association which is a para-military political party)  and BJP. It traces the roots back to the early  19th century, showing their interplay with  Indian politics and economics as the years  go by, culminating in the present state. It's  absolutecomplicity with foreign capital and  absolute anti-protest stand inside the country. They have used this idea of foreigner/  invader against anything that looks barely  progressive, ranging from being anti-trade  union, anti-Communist Party, anti-women's organizations, anti-civil rights, or anything that is even vaguely tolerant of class-  politics. Everything is named as foreignism  and therefore not nationalism.  Feminists, for example, are big enemies  of the Hindu nationalist fundamentalists  because they are foreign in their ideology.  That states obviously Hinduism means the  domination of women and whoever says it  doesn't must have learnt it abroad. By saying that's not Indian ignores the hundred  years of women's struggle and male reformers who were pro-women's rights. The  ideology of Mao and Marx and so on are  foreign too, so whoever's Lenin's son or  Mao's son is basically an enemy of the state  and of society.  Fundamentalism is also masculinity; it  attaches itself securely to the patriarchal  organization of a few thousand years and  valorizes that. A man who is a killer is a  hero. A man who disagrees with killing  Muslims becomes a feminized man. That's  the way men who are anti-communal are  described, as not being men. The heroic  man is this Brahminical casteist, militaristic, patriotic and patriarchal man—in other  erally formerly had strongholds makes me  think that there may not be as solid a ground  as they think.  There has been a lot of civil protest. As  well, there has been a lot of political protest  coming from the Leftist parties, not just  communist, but other progressive and left  parties. Trade unions have also been very  active. Women's groups have played an interesting grassroots role in the opposition.  Some, who aredirectly party-connected have  held their own campaigns. But those who  are not [connected to a political party] have  done campaign work on the ground.  As a whole, it's not game-over by any  means. I don't believe we will see a Sangh  Parivar India in the next 10 years, which is  what I thought was likely two years ago. In  areas that were former BJP strongholds, there  has been a lot written by va rious groups, and  the marches and the demonstrations and so  on that have taken place have lead me to  think this is by no means a settled and concluded story. It's not over yet.  The role the West will play will be very  crucial in that a lot of people are sending  money to India for the Sangh Parivar cause.  The American establishment has given it  some support as well. They were expecting  these [parties] would gain power [in the last  elections]~the parties do support a "free  market," privatization, foreign capital, and  so on and, at the same time, maybe have a  way to crush class and popular protest in  India. The West wanted the BJP to prove  themselves, and the BJP did not prove themselves as effectively as the West wanted  them to, so I'm not sure whether Western  support is as strong as it was in 1990.  However, the project of opening up  India [to the West], which combines privatization, foreign capitals, lack of reserve bank  laws, and so forth, may now have attached  itself to the [leading] Congress Party and  may have found in Congress its true ally. I  believe Congress has jockeyed some of the  forces of Western capital to its side.  The repression that the Congress can do  is sufficient unto itself. The labour movement is being effectively targeted by the state  and by new economic policies, where wages  are down, real wages are falling, trade union  protections are beginning to be eroded away  and breakdowns in the trade unions in different sectors is happening and so on.  There are many ways to skin a cat-there  are more roundabout, circuitous and structural ways of disorganizing a country than  having to have a big ideological, national  agenda. It's perfectly possible in the coming  10 or 15 years that, [while] we may not see a  Sangh Parivar government, we will see periodic upsurges of this kind, and coalitions  forming between Congress and the BJP, for  example. [They had a coalition] before this  riotious time, and they can do it again and  again, pulling in and pulling out. In a way,  that is more effective in terms of socio-eco-  nomicdisarrangement—whatiscalled structural adjustment in India—than having a  national, sewn-up ideology against which  people can actually rise up in a concerted  way. Right now, you're fighting 10 battles.  And your energy is being dissipated in all  directions. But if you can make [the battle]  one, we could be more effective because  groups could join together. Instead, what is  going to happen is strategy of confusion, of  assault by erosion, rather than a kind of full  assault.  At the same time, I don't think the women's politic that's rising in India is a negligible politic at all. At present, thirty percent of  political sea ts have to be reserved for women  from the village government level, all the  way to the top. That means the vote of  women and their political participation has  becomeabigcatchment area for every political party. [As a result,] there's a very strong  demand for women's rights, women's necessities, women's basic needs, and so on,  from the ground level and then all the way  up. And this electorate [of women], and  these political officers are not going to be so  easily captured by the BJP-VHP, even if BJP  and VHP did have a women's wing and  tried, in a modifying way, to give certain  kinds of rights to women.  But they fall short when it comes to  issues of property, freedom of women—  abortion inlndia hasbeenlegal since the 50s.  There is now abortion on demand by constitution, but there was an attempt to rescind it  on the part of these parties—that has not  been taken kindly to by women. So this is a  major political wrench in the works.  Jaffer: Do women actually fill that 30  percent of seats?  Bannerji: Yes, the quota gets filled, less  at the national level, but more and more and  more every year. And in the villages of West  Bengal, for example, the village election is  important. Eighty percent of Indian people  still live in the villages of India, so the village  government is not negligible. It's the conduit  between the state policies and the local people. It has a hand in irrigation planning,  marketing, street distribution, trucking of  things, and the levy policies of grain by the  state. Village government is a powerful instrument and has been captured in most  places in West Bengal by the left. In other  places, it's by mixed groups of people, but  women, somehow, instinctively have drawn  more to the left and to progressive parties  than to the right. It's a life instinct really.  Women don't have to read a book about  what leftist policies are; they live the experience of having seen the Congress before,  having seen the Hindu Sangh Parivar element in their countryside.  We're at an interesting time where the  organized politics of the left may have become weaker in some ways, but the popular  politics from the [grassroots] has become  stronger. Where this formation in the end is  going to go, no-one knows—it's a complicated and important time in India's history,  probably as important as around the time of  the independence movement and partition.  My hope lies on the ground, really, with the  women, with popular politics as well with  the left parties.  Fatima Jaffer is a Kenyan-born, Vancouver-  based, South Asian lesbian, who works in the  media. Thanks a zillion to the hardy transcribers: Rosalind Libbey, Sur Mehat, and Lynne  Wanyeki. 20th Anniversary  by Sur Mehat  Kinesis introduces the 20-years-ago-this-  month quiz, as part of our ongoing celebration  on these pages of Kinesis' 20 years as Canada's  oldest, regidarly publishing, feminist newspaper. Answers to the following are contained in  your September 1974 issue o/Kinesis (orfailing  that, can be found on this page.) If you would like  to add information to any of the answers, submit  ■    m  the  you r own quiz, or correct  quiz mistress, please  >ur six-year-old (then)  i us a line.  a  In the September 1974 issue,  how old was the writer of the letter  regarding girls' rights to play team  sports such as baseball and football?  a) 35  b)85  c)10  d.27  0  B  TM     "fori  What was the cover story that  month?  a) a feminist review of the Broadway  play Hair  b) a sociological investigation of the  term "heavy"  c) a report on spousal income tax  d) an investigative report of the  dangers of doing "the hustle."  What were the illustrations used  for the article "Women in High School  Today?"  a) A girl throwing an apple at a  blackboard, and a training bra strung  up a school flagpole  b) A bespectacled worm sticking out  its tongue as it comes out of an apple  sitting on some books, and three  photographs of a girl pitching  c) a field hockey team trashing a  classroom and a drawing of a school-  house being pulverized by a black-  patent-leather-shoed foot  d) teenagers smoking in the girls  room and a kindergarten-aged girl  suiting up for football  0  One of the magazines recommended in the Media Scanners  column was:  a) Good Karma  b) Disco for Me and You  c) Women Sports  d) Rebel Chicks  What phrase was used to  describe Emily Murphy, Nellie  McClung and Grace Maclnnis in  the centrespread feature?  a) Three rabble rousers  b) Three muskateers  c) Three cool chicks  d) Three pioneers  H?7  B  The "Please Read This  Article" on page 9 [a precursor  to the "VSW Thanks" of today]  attempted to attract women to a  new writer's group by assuring  them,  a) It will not be a heavy  b) It won't be heavy, promise  c) It won't be a HEAVY  d) It won't be a "heavy"!  B  B  Letters to the Editor came  under the title:  a) My word  b) Oh, my word!  c) The last word  d) The only word  What kind of group was based in  Coquitlam and presenting a 10-week  course that month?  a) tie-dyeing  b) meditation  c) consciousness-raising  d) interpretative dance  £  According to the article "Women in  real estate," what was the total percentage of women employed in the  sectors of finance, insurance and real  estate in the Lower Mainland at that  time:  a) 51.9 percent  b) 20 percent  c) 62.7 percent  d) 30 percent  What was the headline of the  short memoirs that appeared on the  bottom of page 2?  a) Memoirs of a militant debutante  b) Memoirs of a supercool chick  c) Memoirs of an ex-prom queen  d) Memoirs of June Cleaver  3^§  SI > ° 3 s 3 " H s 5' < »"?• < S  Illifl§|ltfl-sli  8 s> * I « I * a f" S " ~ £ o-'-S  o 5 <  ill  <8 8-§  %  3-3  §•■  CT *    ti   «  f" 1 %$.  S §• \ 2  ^c  *£§  3 * § § S 8 j;  o k s- a •  >nV   lift ill  i8|'S^l§.2f H^?    |  $ o £. o^ o ^qq ^ « a y, n      »  ;■ * S. 5- 3. JL t j  3* ^J  i  »  I Iff  if I2*  8 S-S.  5; o o S* Q $T <  : ><& §l §■ If  I  111  <  5: <   .  1SI s a  ;• 5-  3 3' °  ill  : :    ffi  O  ;;Br3   ^ £ ^ £ ~ $  ! »n$ «<§ as S* 3  "^ o>   P- ^ 5-  fJS   off]  2, <  >}fOQ   5. if  2<f  3 B-  s  1      |  8  Sur Mehat, who now typesets Kinesis, was 6 years old in September 1974. Thanks to Winifred Toveyfor her  invaluable design expertise and just-this-side-of-wicked laugh.  SEPTEMBER 1994 Arts  Head Cook at Weddings & Funerals and other stories of Doukhobor life by Vi  Plotnikoff. 1995 marks the 100th anniversary of the Doukhobor resistance, the laying down of arms  in Russia which lead to the mass migration of the Doukhobors to the Canadian prairies and the  Kootenay region. Set in a small British Columbian town in the late 1950s, Vi Plotnikoff s first  collection of short stories tell of Ana, a young girl growing up within two cultures, and her struggle  to reconcile iwoparallel worlds which never quite meet. With wisdom andsimplicity, Plotnikoff gives  us a fascinating glimpse into the everyday lives of a young woman, her family, and the Doukhobor  community. Head cook at Doukhobor weddings and funerals is a position of honour and in this  collection of related short stories, the rich culture, customs and history of Doukhobor-Cana-  dians is captured. (Po\estar Book Publishers,  Vancouver, BC, 1994)  by Lissa Geller, Wendy Frost, Smita Patil, Wei Yuen Fong and Lael Sleep  Looking for a good read? Looking for a cheap read? Paging Women is a regular feature of Kinesis  that is designed to give you a brief run down of recent books that we've received for review. If you  review a fiction or poetry book, you get to keep it. Non-fiction and reference books will be passed on  to the Vancouver Status of Women's Resource Library. Whether you've reviewed books in the past  or are looking for a new way to pass the time, we got a collection of interesting books from feminist  publishers from around the world that are demanding your attention. This month we've got a large  number of fiction titles to choose from. So if we've succeeded in whetting your appetite, give us a call  at 255-5499. The following is a short sampling of each one.  Trees Call for What They Need by Melissa Kwasny. Kwasny's second novel is the story  of three women born at the turn of the century in the small American community of Town of Pines.  Nettie, a woolen mill worker and tenant farmer; Aunt Till, spiritualist and lesbian, and Marie, a  Polish immigrant who owns the Poletown bar. This lyrical remembrance of their lives, past and  present, narrated by Nettie, celebrates family and belonging, farming and caring for the land, roots  andwings. This novel is the story of three women and the changes in themselves and thelandaround  them. (Spinster's Ink/ Distributed by InBook,  Minneapolis, MN, 1994)  The Finest Kind: Voices of Newfoundland and Labrador Women by Marian  Frances White. As the sub-title suggests, this  book is a collection of life stories fold to  Newfoundlander Marian Frances Whitebyover  70 women who live in Labrador and Newfoundland. Collected from her film, A Women's  Almanac: Voices from Adantic Canada, this  compendium was developed tohonour the women  who contributed to the Almanac since 1986. As  White points out, the reccurring theme of the  these stories is the need for choice, whether that  be in where women choose to live, love or work.  (Creative Publishers, St. John's, NF, 1992)  Survival Gear by Rita Moir. This new  novel by veteran Canadian journalist and activist Rita Moir is a travel diary, a love story and  a biography of the people of a maritime fishing  village. "Survivalgear" refers to the cold-water  suit that can keep you alive for hours in the  freezing waters of the Atlantic or the Pacific.  But in the fishing community ofFreeport, NS,  Moir creates a world where the term survival  gear can take many forms. (Polestar Book  Publishers, Vancouver, BC, 1994)  Wanderer's First Summer by Janice Erbach. This fantasy-adventure story is the first novel  of Winnipeg-based author Janice Erbach. Set in a mythical ocean world, the novel tells the story of  Kee, a 14-year-old wholives on a floating island andherfirst summer of freedom wandering theocean  protected by whalins, the telepathicsea creatures who live with her. Feeling smothered by the watchful  eyes of the Sentinel and the island's inhabitants, Kee breaks the rules and embarks on a journey to  the forbidden Southern Islands. Through her adventures, Kee comes to realize that the adults at her  floating-island home think and feel like her and can be friends. (Polestar Book Publishers,  Vancouver, BC, 1994)  A Little Sister's  Legal Defense Fund Event  presented by Little Sister's i  ind The Vancouver Women's Bookstore  TEE CORINNE  READING FROM  LOVERS AND OTHER WORKS  In Vancouver  ^^P^M  8pm • September 10  $5-$10  Vancouver Lesbian Connection  \   *? j  876 Commercial Drive  Tickets at Little Sister's  &  The Vancouver Women's Bookstore  Edited by Linda Briskin and  Patricia McDermott  Women Challenging Unions: Feminism, Democracy, and Militancy Edited  1  by Linda Briskin and Patricia McDermott  Women Challenging Unions: Feminism, Democracy, and Militancy is a collection of essays I  dealing with a wide variety of women's struggles and women's lives in the labour movement. The contributors present an optimistic I  and vibrant vision of a labour movement, one I  which actively seeks the participation of women I  and other traditionally excluded groups, and I  one which embraces a feminist agenda. While I  dealing with issues such as racism in unions, [  occupational health and safety, and collective I  bargaining, the essays are at their most *  provactive when they give way to personal  experiences. (University of Toronto Press,  Toronto, Ont, 1993)  CHALLENGING  UNIONS  Feminism,  Democracy,  and Militancy  Even the Fawn Has Wings by Cherie  Geauvreau. This collection of poetry by lesbian writer Cherie Geauvreau arches over a  huge mental territory, all the way from male  predation and Catholic denial to moon-pure  whimsy and erotic love—a carnival behind the  eye, a cornucopia of passions, spills out onto the page. Geauvreau writes from her Saltspring Island  home where she lives in the woods and works in her community as a fierce advocate for women and  children. Her work has been featured in The Capilano Review, Prism International, The  American Voice and Prairie Fire. (Brick Books, London, Ont, 1994)  Night Physics by M. Travis Lane. Fredericton-based author M. Travis Lane has written this  book, her 10th book of poetry, etched with intelligence and intense emotion. Night Physics is an  entirely new collection by one of Canada's most respected poets. Lane shows with deft elegance how  apparently ordinary moments or scenes are the locus of great significance, both for our individual  lives and in a wider sense. Her epic long poem "Anachronic Gnat Music" which centres this  collection, is a piece of true comedy informed by a deep and sympathetic understanding of the human  heart. (Brick Books, London, Ont, 1994)  The Very Inside: An Anthology of Writings by Asian and Pacific Islander Lesbians  and Bisexual Women edited by Sharon Lim Hing. This anthology is the first major collection  of poetry, prose, interviews, articles and artwork by Asian and Pacific Islander lesbians and bisexual  women. Includes more than 50 contributions by women originating from different parts of the Asian  and Pacific Islander diaspora. Several of the contributors are living in Canada. Lim-Hing is a third  generation Jamaican-born Chinese lesbian living in Boston. (Sister Vision Press, Toronto, Ont,  1994)  Her Tongue on My Theory: Images, Essays and Fantasies by Kiss and Tell. This book  is a daring collage of explicit lesbian sexual imagery, erotic writing, personal histories, and  provocative analysis infused with humour. In this book, Kiss and Tell, the creators o/Drawing the  Line, explores issues of sexuality, censorship, collaborative artwork, and the right-wing backlash  against queer culture. (Press Gang Publishers, Vancouver, BC, 1994)  Mourning Dove: A Salishan Autobiography by Christine Quintasket. Mourning Dove  was the pen name of Christine Quintasket, a woman from the Colville Confederated Tribes of eastern  Washington State. This artful autobiography weaves tribal history, Salishan traditions and a wealth  of information on the female life cycle with the story of Mourning Dove's own childhood and coming  of age on the Colville Reservation. Known as the first American Aboriginal woman to publish a novel,  she chronicled the lives of her people in the late 19th and early 20th century. (University of Nebraska  Press, Lincoln, NB, 1994)  Fireweed by Mildred Walker. This piece of fiction by Mildred Walker,first published in 1934,  was immediately recognized for its quality and received the prestigious Avery and Jule Hopwood  Award. The setting is a small lumber town in Upper Michigan, the stomping grounds of Paul Bunyan  and the giants of Swedish, German, and Finnish lore. Young Celie and her husband, Joe Linsen, are  the children of Scandinavian pioneers. (Bison Book Edition, University of Nebraska Press,  Lincoln, NB, 1994)  continued on page 18  VANCOUVER  WOMEN'S  BOOKSTORE  315CAMBIEST.  VANCOUVER, B.C. HOURS:  V6B 2N4 MONDAY - SATURDAY  TEL: (604) 684.0523 10 AM - 6 PM  WOMEN  IN PRINT  BOOKS & OTHER MEDIA  Discounts for  book dubs  3566 West 4th Avenue  +  Vancouver BC  Special orders  Voice   604 732^1128  welcome  Fax       604 732^1129  10-6 Daily ♦  12-5 Sunday  SEPTEMBER 1994 Arts  Paging Women from page 17  Love Child by Maureen Duffy. First published in 1971, this novel has been re-issued as part  of Virago's Lesbian Landmarks series. The novel is narrated by Kit, a "cosmopolitan " teenager, who  is consumed with jealousy of her mother's affair with Ajax, her husband's secretaiy. In "a teasingly  brilliant exploration of gender," Duffy withholds from the reader the gender of both Ajax and Kit.  Duffy was born in England in 1933, and publishedherfirst novel in 1956 and another 12 since then.  Out of print for 15 years, Love Child is one of Virago's exciting new series of reprints, intended to  illuminate the rich and eventful history of lesbian writing. With an introduction by Allison  Herregan. (Virago, London, 1994)  Right of Passage: Struggle for Lesbian and Gay Equality by Didi Herman. In this  critical analysis, Herman explores the historical development of "sexual orientation" protection in  human rights law, and considers the strategies employed by lesbian and gay movements, by the state,  and by the legal system. She places recent campaigns within a broader theoretical framework, which  identifies legal arenas as sites of struggle between opposing social movements, with an important  us on the New Christian Right. Herman also critically  5ISON-WESLEY- E  fitting the fmm  Together  Kcesswu  WCAKt  is  Behind  childcare  MARTHA FRIENDLY  WOMVN'S DRESS  ' ■     P.O. box 562,  YEARLY SUBS  (6) ISSUES  WOMEN IN PRISON - FF  the "minority right paradigm'  she sees as dominant in gay  and lesbian legal reform in  progressive movements for  social change. Herman is a  lecturer in the Department  of Law, University of Keele,  UK. (University of Toronto Press, Toronto,  1994)  Child Care Policy in  Canada: Putting the  Pieces   Together   by  Martha Friendly. Martha  Friendly has been active in  the child care advocacy  movement in Canada  throughou t the 80s and 90s.  As the Coordinator of the  Toronto Childcare Resource  andResearch Unit.shesup-  ports the es tablishmen t of a  national childcare system  that is publicly funded,  comprehensive, not-for-  profit, high quality, andac-  cessible. Her book documents and analyzes the debate on childcare policy in  Canada, traces the history  of childcare, and presents a  detailed discussion of a proposed policy framework for a national childcare system. As parts of the publisher's Early Childhood  Education Service, the book is intended as a resource for both students and workers in the field.  (Addison-Wesley, Don Mills, Ont, 1994)  Canadian Women's Issues: Volume 1: Strong Voices: Twenty Five Years of Activism  in English Canada by Ruth Roach Pierson, Marjorie Griffin Cohen, Paula Bourne and  Philinda Masters. This book is about the vision, tenacity and determination of women who began  in 1967 to bring about changes to the world. It is about the issues that are still unresolved and the  possibilities for the future. This book is the first of two volumes that discuss women's issues in English  Canada from 1967 on. Also included is a selection of archival as well as recent photographs and  illustrations. (James Lorimar & Company Ltd., Publishers, Toronto, Ont, 1993)  Latin Satins by Terri de la Pena. This secondnovel by prize-winning Chicano lesbian writer,  de la Pena, tells the story of the lives andloves of a group of young Chicano singers - the irrepressible  Latin Satins. A novel that looks at racism, AIDs in the Chicano community and homophobia in  daycare centres, Latin Satins is sassy and smart. (Seal Press, Seattle, WA, 1994)  Women and Work: Inequality in the Labour Market by Paul Phillips and Erin Phillips.  First published in 1983, Women and Work sought to document and evaluate the progress made in  the position of women in Canadian society since the 1972 Royal Commission on the Status of Women,  with a focus on women's economic inequality. In this revised 2nd edition, the authors provide an up-  to-date analysis of workplace inequality in Canada. Topics include women's participation in the  workplace, the continuing wage disparity, the impact of new technologies, free trade and economic  restructurings, and women's involvement in the labour movement. Using updated studies and  statistics, the authors note some progress, but find that overall, there has been little improvement in  the last decade in women's working conditions and prospects. Erin Phillips teaches religious studies  at the University of Lethbridge. Paul Phillips is a professor of economics at the University of  Manitoba. (James Lorimar and Co, Toronto, 1993)  A  Community Secret: For the  Filipina in an Abusive Relationship by  Jacqueline R. Agtuca. This important book  is intended to serve as both a reference and a  support for Filipina women and those serving  the community, including counselors and  shelter and hospital workers. A Community  Secret also addresses the particular issues of  abuse in immigrant communities and includes a resou rce section of shelters, legal and  counseling services. Produced in San Francisco by the Asian Women's Shelter, this is a  much-needed handbook for the Filipina who  want to break free from the cycle of abuse.  Author Jacqueline Agtuca is a Filipina who  was born in Seattle and educated in the  Philippines. Shecurrently teaches in the Asian  American Department of San Francisco University. (Seal Press, Seattle, WA, 1994)  Micegenation Blues: Voices of I  Mixed Race Women edited by Caro I  Camper. This book presents the voices of I  more than 40 women of mixed race heritage  The con tribu tors explore the concept of mixed I  race identity, the fervour of belonging, and g  the reality of not belonging through poetry 1  short stories, essays, letters, journal entries *  and artwork. The book emerges out of "an increasing urgency in the lives of many women to end  isolations and to understand racial multiplicity within our own bodies,families and cultures." Editor  Carol Camper was born in Toronto of Black, White, and Native North American ancestry. (Sister  Vision Press, Toronto, Ont, 1994)  Ragtime Bone by Lynnette D'Anna.  and letting go, of four young people coming  domestic ■;  every  eighteen  seconds  by Nancy Kilgore  This second novel is a compelling story of growing up  of age and exploring their sexuality. Lynette (Dueck)  D'Anna's first novel, Sing Me No More,  I was published by Press Gang in 1992. Her  prose andpoetry have been published in many  Canadian journals. D'Anna has worked with  Planned Parenthood, the Saskatoon Status of  Women and the Saskatoon AIDS Project. She  is curren tly presiden t of the board of directors  of Prairie Fire. (New Star Books, Vancouver, 1994).  Every Eighteen Seconds: A Journey  Through Domestic Violence by Nancy  Kilgore. One woman's story of her journey  through and escape from an abusive relationship. The book is written in the form of a series  of letters to the author's son, with self-help  education sections after each letter. This very  personal account is designed to raise awareness of the issue of battered women, and to  help victims break free from their situations.  Includes resource material and a foreword by  Del Martin .Nancy Kilgore has worked extensively with battered women. (Volcano Press,  Volcano, CA, 1993).  Love Child by Maureen Duffy. First  published in 1971, this novel has been reissued as part of Virago's Lesbian Landmarks  series. The novel is narrated by Kit, a "cosmopolitan" teenager, who is consumed with jealousy of her mother's affair with Ajax, her husband's  secretary. In "a teasingly brilliant explora Hon of gender," Duffy witliholdsfrom the reader the gender  of both Ajax and Kit. Duffy was born in England in 1933, and published her first novel in 1956 and  another 22 since then. Out of print for 15 years, Love Child is one of Virago's exciting new series of  reprints,intended toilluminatetherichandeventfulhistory of lesbian writing.Withan introduction  by Allison Herregan. (Virago, London, 1994)  BOOKS BY WOMEN ARTISTS  J    Contemporary women artists  I    present their work and ideas.  H    Share the vision!  fcf,"  U        Call or write for a free catalogue.  H    Gallerie Publications,  fill  11    2901 Panorama Drive.  i    North Vancouver, BC,  I    Canada V7G 2A4  1    Phone: (604) 929-8706  new and  gently used books  Feminist  Philosophy - Poetry  Native - General  Open daily 11am-7pm  Coffee Bar  1020 Commercial Drive  Vancouver BC V5L 3W9  (604) 253-1099  Bonnie Murray  Cynthia Brooke  OCTOPUS BOOKS  1146 Commercial Dr.  Vancouver, B.C.  253-0913  An alternative bookstore in the  east end for new and used  books by local and international women authors as well as a  large selection of cards and  feminist magazines.  SEPTEMBER 1994 Letters  Kinesis loves receiving mail.  Please get your letter to us by the 18th  of the month.  If you can, keep the length to  about 500 words. (If you go way over,  we might edit for space.)  Hope to hear from you very soon.  Love,  Kinesis  Another time...  another Kinesis?  Kinesis:  Your monthly summary of twenty years  of Kinesis articles, and Esther's commentary  in the last issue, brought back many memories of working on Kinesis. It also made me  think about how we perceive our herstory  and keep our records. Who were the writers  and why did they do it? you asked.  My first article for Kinesis was in 1981,  I think. VSW was in a little second-floor  office by Chocolate Park when Tatyana  Mamova, the Russian dissident feminist,  came to visit us there. The "Women In Russia" supplement came out of that visit. When  she told us how there were no accessible  photocopiers in the Soviet Union, a lack of  typewriters, not even any carbon paper for  women to get their writing out to other  women, then we partly understood why we  were putting out Kinesis.  When I read your summary for the  month of March, 1982,1 came up blank. I  don't remember any one of those stories,  though I worked on all ten issues that year.  How we view that past has a lot to do with  who we are now. You are looking through  the eyes of 1994 and are moved by different  issues. Probably that's how it should be.  Was it 1982 that we published a supplement on incest? It encompassed all manner  of sexual abuse, and was honestly and vulnerably written by a survivors group. To my  knowledge, nothing like this had been published before in Canada, at that time.  Because this issue had only just started  to crack open, the particular piece about  ritual abuse did not get discussed by the  Kinesis working collective. We would have  been emotionally unprepared to deal with it.  Although I usually typed the final copy of  the paper, I remember the editor typed that  particular piece herself, I think, to divert  reaction and questions. When Kinesis appeared, I vividly remember that a feminist  friend of mine was appalled at the monstrous descriptions, which she did not believe to have geniunely occurred. It was only  by bringing the issue out into the open, that  others could come forward and recognize  the truth.  My most vivid memories are not reflected in your 20-year summary. Looking at  the remnants of the Social Credit Party now,  it's hard to believe the dramatic impact they  had on us, was it in 1983? Not just cuts to  funding, but viscious budget measures that  affected our homes, our wages, our human  rights. We didn't just report it in Kinesis. We  lived it.  In 1984, we produced a special issue on  the federal election. As a foray into electoral  politics, it was an interesting exercise. As a  popular item, it was a failure. Ironically, it  was one of the few issues that I remember as  being really funny—most of our humour  was at the expense of the tories! It probably  wasn't popular because a lot of guff is written at election time; everyone gets sick of it.  But also, because Kinesis moved away from  its roots, in movement struggles.  In editing the paper, I remember we  worked very hard to retain the honest voice  of women, as expressed by writers, themselves. Probably it was time to change, to  express all voices, not just the usual voices. I  believe that the incest suppliment was the  start of expressing voices that some were  afraid of, or found challenging.  There were lots of other challenges to  come, but that could be the subject of another article...  In retrospective mood,  Jan DeGrass  Gibsons, BC  The Editorial Board responds:  Thank you for your contribution to our  attempts this year at celebrating Kinesis' 20-  year-old herstory. We agree that contributors to  the 20th Anniversary pages in Kinesis tend to  look back at herstory through the eyes of 1994. In  fact, all contributors to those pages are still, to  varying degrees, part of shaping the Kinesis of  the 90s. While each contributor brings her own  particular interest to her coverage, contributions are also subjected to an edit according to  ourl 994 Editorial Policies and guidelines, which  reflect the priorities and politics of the 1994  Editorial Board. When we began the "20th Anniversary" column in our February issue, the  Editorial Board extended an invitation to  "Kinesisites" past and present to contact us  about contributions to the project. We take this  opportunity to repeat that invitation.  Co-op Radio  CFRO 102.7 FM  Listener Powered!  Community-Based!  Where women have a voice  Monday, 8-9pm: Womenvisions  For women about women by women. Health, politics, law, spirituality, arts  sexuality and alternative ideologies.  Wednesday, 2-2:30pm: Don't Call Me Girl  Interviews-based halt hour about working class women of colour and our  issues from individuals to organized groups.  Thursday, 8:30-9:30pm: The Lesbian Show  Thursday, 9:30-10:30pm: OBAA  By women of colour for women of colour. Local community groups and events,  interviews and music not heard in the mainstream.  Friday, 8-10pm: Rubymusic  12 years on the air, Rubymusic features the best in music by women-old, new,  lost and found.  For a free listener's guide call 684-8494 Monday-Friday, 10am-6pm  PS. Your legacy lives on. The Kinesis Editor continues to receive mail addressed to Jan  DeGrass, many many years after you discontinued your frontline zvork at Kinesis.  Dare to reprint  Kinesis:  I've often wanted to write to the women  who work on this paper but the moment of  inspiration usually passes before I can put  pen to paper. Maybe that's what happens to  a lot of your readers—in that history of Kinesis  by Esther Shannon [see Kinesis, Jun/94J she  says Kinesis has always had that problem:  not getting enough letters. I don't write because I never get around to it, not because  I've nothing to say. However, thatarticle got  me thinking about writing this letter (though  to be honest, I'm writing mainly because it's  summertime, I'm on holiday, and I need to  do something that makes me feel useful.)  To get to the point, a few months back  you ran an interview with an Indian woman  on religious fundamentalism, focussing on  Hindu fundamentalism inlndia [seeKinesis,  Apr/94J. I know very little about what's going on there, even though I have read a lot of  newspaper stories about the riots and so on.  I'm a Black woman living in the States concerned about the rise of Christian fundamentalism here, and was really glad to see  someone progressive paying attention to how  religion is being used by the Right elsewhere  in the world. I'm sure you put the story on  your centre pages because you also realize  how important it was that women read about  what's really happemning. I give you credit  for that.  So why did you spoil it all by trying to  make the page look "pretty" by putting that  heavy colour/graphic all over the text? It  made it almost impossible to read. My eyesight is not the best and I have difficulty with  the size of your print anyway. Trying to read  that article gave me a giant headache. If you  really want to get the news out about this  subject, I suggest you change your  centrespread design. I know a few women  who read Kinesis out of a women's centre we  volunteer at, and they didn't bother to read  that piece because of the obtrusive blot of  colour on it. Do us and yourself a favour.  Dare to reprint it! And don't put colour over  text if you can help it.  My intentions are not merely to criticize. I really think Kinesis is great, and says  what few other publications dare. I send this  criticism and suggestion in the spirit of solidarity.  Diana Barrett  Cleveland, Ohio  The Editorial Board responds:  Since we published the article on religious  fundamentalism in the April issue of Kinesis,  the Editorial Board has received about eight  phonecalls, two letters (marked "notfor publication,") and numerous verbal requests to rerun  the article, for the reasons you mention. The  Kinesis Editorial Board appreciates the feedback  from Kinesis readers. The article appears in its  original form (minus the colour overlay) in this  issue [see page 14]. As to taking time out to  write to us, we thank you. We often receive  phonecalls from readers commenting on something we have or haven't done well-or at all-  and letters marked "not for publication." However, Kinesis works towards being a forum for  public debate among women, and letters to the  editor are usually an indication Kinesis is fulfilling this mandate.  INA DENNEKAMP  Piano Service  KARATE for WOMEN  if  WEEmmsmnn  Mon., Tues., Thurs. 7 pm  Fitness, self confidence,  self defense  ASK ABOUT BEGINNER CROUPS  Not inspired  by Kinesis  I've been a regular reader of Kinesis for  some time, But I have to confess when I've  read it of late I am not inspired, indeed I  sometimes have to stifle a yawn. Kinesis does  provide some information you can't find  elsewhere. But something's lacking. There's  no debate in these pages. We leam about  what nefarious schemes the corporate  agenda is up to, but there's few creative  suggestions and discussions of what action  to take. Kinesis seems to be anti a lot of  things, but what should activist women be  for? To be fair, this isn't a problem that  plagues just Kinesis. It seems on a lot of  issues which are complex and ambiguous,  "progressive" groups are silent, or fall back  on standard line, without thinking.  A case in point might be the local issue  of prostitution here in Vancouver. Some  residents of Mount Pleasant have organized  a campaign to force sex trade workers not to  work in their neighbourhood. A group, organized at least in part by the International  Socia lists, is opposing this "Shame the Johns"  campaign. (By the way, isn't it interesting  how the IS get so involved in leading campaigns on certain issues—lesbian and gay  rights, prostitutes' rights-just when these  issues are in the media spotlight?)  While I think there definitely are criticisms to be made of the Mt. Pleasant group,  surely it's simplistic to dismiss these people  as "moralists," tell them they've got the  wrong analysis, prostitution doesn't cause  any of the problems they're concerned about,  and the sex trade is caused by poverty. These  things may be true in part, but:  1. the issue of prostitution is more complex than this, and isn't solely caused by  poverty; and  2. it is not productive to attack people's  attempts to deal with neighbourhood problems (even if these attempts are wrong) without trying to dialogue and encourage discussion to figure out better ways to address  these problems (and that means discussion,  not prescribing "correct" programs).  This is justoneexampleof a contentious  issue with no easy answers, that needs some  Continued on page20  WOMENSWOEK  SCREEN       PRINT      I  Making a Postive Impression  for Our Community Since 1984!  (604) 980-4235  • Women Owned & Operated*  SEPTEMBER 1994 Letters  Letters  Continued from page 19  more debate among feminists. Kinesis could  contribute by covering a 11 sides (there's more  than two!) on this issue.  It's time for Kinesis to take some risks!  Yours in sisterhood,  Kate Austin  Vancouver, BC  The Kinesis Editorial Board responds:  All articles that appear in Kinesis are written by volunteer writers who either mail or bring  in stories unsolicited, attend a Writers' Meeting  (on thefirst Tuesday of every month) and discuss  a story they would like to write, or are solicited  by the Editorial Board to write on specific issues.  The agenda for what is published in Kinesis««d  how is partly set by women who volunteer at the  paper, and partly by largely volunteer Editorial  Board. The only criterion is that articles meet  our editiorial policies and guidelines. While we  don't believe in "objective" journalism, we attempt to give all "sides" of an issue a chance to  respond, unless the side has already been more  than adequately covered in the mainstream media already. Kinesis is committed to facilitating  debate among feminists on issues of importance  to women, such as the "Shame the Johns" campaign in Vancouver's Mount Pleasant neighbourhood. We hope to carry an article on the  debate in an upcoming issue of Kinesis. The  Editorial Board would also like to suggest you  volunteer to write the story, time allowing,  because it is through the input of women like  yourself that Kinesis is the newspaper it is.  South Africa  coverage applauded  Thank you one thousand times for your  stories on South Africa [see Kinesis, Jun/94  and Jul/Aug 94.J I am from Africa myself, not  South Africa but Tanzania. I waited my  whole life for apartheid to be over. I don't  say "I am an activist" like the women in  Canada, but we, in African countries, did  many things to help our Black South Africans brothers and sisters.  During the elections in South Africa, I  listened to the news and I read many newspapers, including The New York Times. If it  was not for my friends and family here in  Vancouver, I would have felt very alone  with or far from what was happening there.  Then my friend gave me Kinesis, which had  eight pages on South Africa on women and  what it was like there [during the April  election.]  Maybe because all eight pages carried  African voices, African stories, I could finally rejoice. Some of the TV interviews with  South Africans were like that, but mostly  they didn't ask them what I wanted them to.  But I think because Fatima Jaffer and L.  Muthoni Wanyeki were Africans, they asked  them what I wanted to hear. So I thank you.  At last I could celebrate.  I also want to say that your second  special on South Africa was not as strong,  but it was also very interesting. The article by  Mmatshilo Motsei was so good. She reminds  me of my aunties. And the lesbian stories  were interesting too. I don't know any lesbians here but in Tanzania, they did not call  themselves lesbians. I think [lesbians] are  very brave, maybe the most revolutionary  women in our society today, and lam happy  to see they are so strong in South Africa.  Thank you,  Anastia Kamau  Surrey, BC  The Editorial Board responds:  Thanks for your comments. The members of  the Editorial Board felt we were taking a risk by  running two eight-page supplements on South  Africa, but felt unanimously that the victory of  the an ti-apartheid movements merited the space  in Kinesis. We're glad you agree.  Kinesis  messes me up  Kinesis:  Why does the ink used to print the  paper come off on my hands? Every time  I've picked up a Kinesis this year, my already-not-sparkling-clean hands have been  covered in powdery black ink that comes off  everywhere (but is quite partial to the more  noticable portions of my face).  This brings me to another pressing question which I hope you can answer. Why  doesn't anyone ever tell you when you've  got smudges of inky fingerprints on your  face? Do people assume that because they're  there that you did it on purpose? Do they  think it's a statement of my personal  indentity, that I have painstakingly decorated my face with ink fingerprints? If Icame  to volunteer during production, would someone tell me if I have ink on my face before I  left? Is newspaper ink good for your skin  and if it is, could I come down for some back-  issues?  Before I started writing this, I hesitated  because I thought it might be trivial, or at the  very least, silly. But then I thought, "Hey,  this is not just another paper. My concerns  won't yet again be dismissed by a newspa  per! " So I wrote you this little whining letter  to let you know about my concerns and  because I know you'll print it.  Yours in brazen (though slightly  smeared) outspokenness,  Choot Boli  Burnaby, BC  The Editorial Board responds:  Kinesis changed printers almost one year  agoandhas since receiveda number of comments  about the excessive inkiness of the paper. Our  printers tell us the ink will tend to come off on  yourhands ifwepublish cover photographs that  require large areas of black ink. They suggest  using a better (more expensive) stock of newsprint could help alleviate the problem. While, it  is unlikely Kinesis will be able to afford a better  stock ofnewsprin t, we are attempting to negotiate changes with our printers.  We are unable to tell you whether the ink is  actually good for your complexion (we doubt it,  though it is supposed to be "non-toxic") but the  ink is made from vegetable-based oils and is  unlikely to be any more toxic than some of the  substances we breathe in daily. If you indeed  discover it is good for you r complexion, please let  us know. We would also be more than happy to  supply you with back issues o/Kinesis (at $2.25  a copy, or what you can afford.) And we can  assure you that when you come in to work on  production o/Kinesis, you will not be alone in  your "slightly smeared" splendour. If you wish,  we could make it a point to notice and point out  the smudges on your face but cannot guarantee  we'll do the same for the piece of line-tape stuck  on your fingernail or the bluepencil sticking out  from behind your ear.  Women in Film  Silences of The Palace  (Tunisia/France)  A sensitive and lush drama about the  subjugated life of women in patriarchal,  Islamic, Tunisia. Director Moufida Tlatli  describes them as "the colonized women  of colonized men".  Traps  (Australia)  Loosely based on Kate Grenville's  Dreamhouse, Vietnam-born director  Pauline Chan's feature debut is an interesting, suspenseful picture which takes  four intriguing characters and places them  in an exotic and dangerous place: Vietnam  in 1950.  Only the Brave  (Australia)  A harrowing, ultra-realistic coming-of-age  portrait of a group of tough teenage girls  by director Ana Kokkinos. The film portrays alienation and rites of passage  among girls whose ethnic minority  (Australian of Greek descent) accentuates  their marginality.  Motherland: Tales of Wonder  (Canada)  Director Helene Klodawsky's powerful  feature-length documentary about  women's experience of mothering over the  last 50 years. Through conversations with  seven women and a wonderful selection of  1950's archival footage, the film brings the  experience of mothering into the spotlight.  Fiction  Canada:  Mina Shum Double Happiness  Kathy Garneau Tokyo Cowboy  Deepa Mehta Camilla  Cynthia Roberts The Last Supper  Lea Pool Desire in Motion  Mlcheline Lanctot The Life of the Hero  France:  Pomme Meffre Peche Veniel, Peche Mortal  Great Britain:  Nancy Meckler Sister, My Sister  Mexico:  Maria Novaro The Garden of Eden  Norway:  Unnl Straume Dreamplay  MoufWaTlatK  Documentary  England:  Kristiene Clarke Sandra Bernhard: Confession of  a Pretty Lady  Germany:  Barbara & Wlnfried Junge Screenplay: The Times -  Three Decades, with Children of Golzow and the DEFA  Netherlands:  Heddy Honlgman Metal and Melancholy  Sonla Herman Dolz Romance of Valencia  USA:  Joan Lander & Puhipau Act of War - The Overthrow  of the Hawaiian Nation  Susan Raymond / Am a Promise: The Children of  Stanton Elementary School  Regina Welnreich & Catherine Warnow Paul Bowles:  The Complete Outsider  • and from Japan - Images of Women by Women Programme  The 13th Annual Vancouver Film Festival  September 30 - October 16,1994  at all the usual venues  BC Tel Rim Festival Hotline  685 8352  Charge Line  685 8297  Will open Sept 18, noon - 7pm  • Look out for the Vancouver Sun Guide and the 150 page Official  Programme available from the third week of September.  VANCOUVER^  >  FILM  250 Films from  40 countries  KINESIS  SEPTEMBER 1994 Buixettm Board  EVENTS  EVENTS  EVENTS  Bulletin Board listings have a maximum of 50 words. Groups, organizations and individuals eligible for free  space in the Bulletin Board must be,  or have, non-profit objectives.  Other free notices will be items of  general public interest and will appear at the discretion of Kinesis.  Classifieds are $8 (+$0.56 GST) for  the first 50 words or portion thereof,  $4 (+$0.28 GST) for each additional  25 words or portion thereof and must  be prepaid.  Deadline for all submissions is  the 18th of the month preceding publication. Note: Kinesis is published  ten times a year. Jul/Aug and Dec/  Jan are double issues.  All submissions should include a  contact nameand telephone number  for any clarification that may be required.  Listings will not be accepted over  the telephone.  Kinesis encourages readers to research the goods and services advertised in Bulletin Board. Kinesis  cannot guarantee the accuracy of  the information provided or the  safety and effectiveness of the services and products listed.  Send submissions to Bulletin Board,  Kinesis, #301 -1720 Grant Street, Vancouver, BC, V5L 2Y6. For more information call 255-5499.  WANNA GET INVOLVED?  With Kinesis'? We want to get involved with  you too. Help plan our next issue. Come to  the Writer's meeting on Sep 6, 8pm at our  office, 301 -1720 Grant St, Vancouver, if you  can't make the meeting, call 255-5499. No  experience is necessary, all women welcome.  VSW WANTS YOU!  Want to get more involved but not sure  where to begin? Join us—become a volunteer at Vancouver Status of Women. VSW  volunteers plan events, lead groups, raise  funds, answer the phone lines and help to  connect women with the community resources they need, organize the library and  other exciting tasks! Come to thecommittee  meetings: Finance/Fundraising, Wed, Sep  7, 6 pm. The next volunteer potluck and  orientation will be on Wed, Sep 21, 7 pm at  VSW, 301-1720 Grant St. For more info, call  Jennifer at 255-5511.  POLITICAL ACTION GROUP  The next Women of Colour and First Nations  Women's Political Action Group meets once  a month. For more info please call Miche at  255-5511.  SEXUAL HARASSMENT  SUPPORT GROUP  Meets twice a month atthe VSW, 301 -1720  Grant St. For more info, call Miche at 255-  5511.   FEMINIST NETWORKING  Meets once a month. Call Miche for more  info at 255-5511.  Remember  December 6  then take  December 6th is Canada's  National Day of Remembrance and  Action to End Violence Against  Women. The YWCA of Canada  distributes the Rose Buttons with  informational bookmarks for your  group to sell for fimdraising/public  education.  Bags of 100 for $50 each  (prepaid plus GST and P ST for  Ontario residents)  English or French text.  ...order  your  buttons  today!  Resources on  Violence  Against  Women  Fresh Start - A booklet for  women in abusive relationships and  others who want to understand the  issues.  French or English.  Price:     6 or more $2.75 ea.  1-5 $3.25 ea.  There's No Excuse For Abuse  Find out what actions we can all  take to stop violence against women.  Resource kit includes tear-off  information display pad, up-to-date  resources.  French or English.  Price: $ 10 ea.  ($9 ea. for 10 or more)  Prepayment required  (inch 7% GST)  Community Action on Violence Against Women  V  YWCA of Canada  Gerrard Street East  Toronto, ON M5B 1G6  Tel: (416) 593-9886  Fax:(416) 971-8084  DESH PARDESH CABARET  Desh Pardesh, a Toronto-based organization exploring the arts, culture, and politics of  South Asians in the diaspora, presents Sex-  Ploits, an evening of cabaret performances  Fri Sep 2, 9-11pm at the Theatre Centre,  1032 Queen St W, Toronto. Sex-Ploits explores the politics of sexuality, race and  identity. For more info, call (416) 601-9932.  FEMINIST FORUM  Social and Legal Issues on Feminist Hori-  zons takes place Sat Sep 17,10:30-4pm at  SFU Harbour Centre, 555 W. Hastings St.  The forum is an informal day of speakers and  presentations (see page 4for details). Sponsored by the Feminist Institute for Studies on  Law & Society Non-hosted lunch break between 12:30-2 pm. The forum is free. For  help with childcare or more info, please call  291-3018.  FALL EQUINOX RITUAL  All wiccan (or interested in wicca) lesbians  are invited to a Fall Equinox ritual with other  lesbian witches. Enjoy the changing season's colours, prepare for the shorter days  ahead; howl at the moon with other dykes.  Merry meet and part. For place, time, and  other info, call Bridgig, 255-5409 or Pat, 253-  7189.  RITUAL ABUSE CONFERENCE  A ritual abuse conference, Working with  Dissociation, Mind Control and Ritual Abuse,  will be held on Sep 24-25 at the Sheraton  Landmark Hotel in Vancouver. The conference is designed for counsellors, psychotherapists, psychiatrists, support and frontline workers, medical practicioners, social  workers and nurses working within this field.  For more info, call 736-3610. Registration  $260 in advance. Mail to Registration Office,  Justice Institute of BC, 4180 West 4th Ave,  Vancouver, BO; V6R 4S5.  GLOBAL RESTRUCTURING  Putting a Face on Global Restructuring:  Women Examine the Consequences, will be  held Oct 20-21. The conference, co-sponsored by Centre for Research in Women's  Studies and Gender Relations (UBC) and  Oxfam-Canada, will focus on structual adjustment; the impact on Aboriginal peoples;  implications for women's work; competitive  impoverishment; sovereignty and democracy; and women organizing in the future.  For info on location and cost call 822-9173.  TRANSITION HOUSE FUNDRAISER  The Victoria Women's annual 8km run/4km  walk will take place Sun Sep 11 to raisef unds  for the Victoria Transition House. Both the  run and walkstart at 9:15amatthe McKinnon  Gym, University of Victoria. To register for  both events, call 382-8181.  HEALERS CONFERENCE  This year's annual women's conference in  Whitehorse, Yukon with the theme 'Women  as Healers" will take place on Fri Sep 23. For  more info call Tracey de Jaray or Natalie  Edelson at the Women's Centre: (403) 667-  2693.  BREAST CANCER CONFERENCE  A national conference, The Quality of Life:  Women and Breast Cancer, will take place  Sep 16-19 in Toronto. Keynote speakers  include: Sharon Blatt, President of Breast  Cancer Action Montreal and Sandra Butler,  author of Cancer in Two Voices. To obtain a  detailed brochure, call (416) 924-8998, or  write: CRI, #106-344 Dupont St, Toronto,  Ont, M5R1V9.  PERSON'S DAY BREAKFAST  The 8th Annual Person's Day Breakfast in  Vancouver will be held Oct 21, 7-9am at the  Hyatt Regency Hotel. This year the keynote  speaker will be Mobina Jaffer, a lawyer and  longtime advocate for women and people of  colour. Tickets are $45 and childcare is $5  per child (pre-register by Oct 14). The venue  is wheelchair accessible and there will be  sign language interpretation. For info and  tickets, call the West Coast Women's Legal  Education and Action Fund at 684-8772.  STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT  The Structural Adjustment Echo Workshop,  organized by the Philippine Women Centre,  will provide a venue for migrant workers and  migrant workers advocates to arrive at a  better understanding of the causes of overseas migration and their situation in the  global economy. The workshop will be held  Sept 23-25 at St. Giles Church, Van. For  more info, call the PWC at 322-9852.  MIGRANT WORKERS SOLIDARITY  The public is invited to a post-workshop  solidarity evening with Filipina migrant workers Sun, Sep 25, 6-9:30pm at St. Giles  Church, 305 W. 41st Avenue, Van. Joy de  Guzman from the Asia Pacific Mission for  Migrant Workers (an organization based in  Hong Kong) will be speaking. For more info,  call the Philippine Women Centre at 322-  9852.   INTERNATIONAL SOLIDARITY  Organizing and Empowering Women for  Change, the 6th International Solidarity Affair will be held Oct 20-28 in the Philippines.  The conference is organized by GABRIELA,  a nationwide coalition of women's organizations in the Philippines. Women from  marginalized groups in the North are invited  to participate. For more info, contact the  Philippine Women Centre at 322-9852.  COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT  A Community and Economic Development  conference, sponsored by the Penticton &  Area Women's Centre, will be held Oct 1 -2 in  Penticton. The conference will explore all  aspects of development, research, advocacy, and organizing. For more info, call  Laurel Burnham at (604) 493-6822.  TEE CORINNE  Tee Corinne will read from her new book  Courting Pleasures. Sat Sep 10, 8pm atthe  Vancouver Lesbian Connection, 876 Commercial Dr, Van. Tickets are sliding scale $5-  10. Proceeds go to Little Sisters' Defense  Fund. Advance tickets are available at Little  Sisters and the Vancouver Women's Book-  store. For more info, call 669-1753.  LESBIANS AND THE LAW  The Feminist Institute for Studies on Lawand  Society is hosting a free public symposium  entitled Social and Legal Issues on 'Feminist  Horizons Sat Sep 17 from 10:30am-4pm at  Simon Fraser University Harbour Centre,  555 W Hastings St. The forum will feature  Anita Braha speaking on "Lesbians and the  Law" and a panel of presentations on various  socio-legal topics. If you need assistance  with childcare, please leave a message at  291-3018.   WOMEN AND SOCIAL POLICY  A National Conference on Women and Social Policywill be held in Regina, Sask, from  Sep 30-Oct 2. The focus of the conference  is on the development of a newfoundationfor  an alternative social policy, particularly income and security issues, from a feminist  perspective. For more info, call (306) 585-  4036.  A CELEBRATION OF AGING  Amazing Greys II invites women to gather  and celebrate the adventure of aging, Oct  28-30 at Island Hall Beach Resort in Parksville,  BC. There will be workshops, a display of  SEPTEMBER 1994  21 Bulletin Board  EVENTS  EVENTS  crafts and women's handwork, and books of  inportance to aging women. There are no  special age requirements, and there is an  open extension to AGIT (Amazing Greys in  Training). Registration $75. Make cheques  payable to Amazing Greys Gathering and  send care of Else Kennedy, 2871 Henny  Road, RR#1, Chemainus, BC, VOR1KO. For  more info call or fax Else at (604) 246-3347.  COLLABORATIVE PERFORMANCE  Common Ground Still Moves is a collaborative installation and performance with BC  and Ontaria artists: Sarah Link, Rebecca  Van Sciver, Haruko Okano and Joan Van  Damme playing until Sep19atthe Burlington  Art Centre, 1333 Lakeshore Rd, Burlington,  Ont. For more info, call (905) 304-1327.  CAREL MOISEIWITSCH  Carel Moiseiwitsch's visual art exhibition,  Trophies will be on display at the Pitt Gallery,  317 W Hastings St, Van, from Sep 8-Oct 8.  The artist will be present to discuss her work  on Sat Sep 17, 2-4pm. For more info, call  681-6740, fax 681-6741.  LESBIAN BATTERING  Lesbians abusing other lesbians is not new—  doing something about it is. A two day conference is in being planned for mid-October,  sponsored in part by International Lesbian  Week. Conference organizers are looking  for lesbians willing to assist in planning,  facilitating workshops, acting as support  workers, offering child care, etc. For more  info, call Anna or Mary c\o The BookMantei,  1002 Commercial Dr, Van.  NORA KELLY  Nora Kelly, author of My Sister's Keeper, will  read from her latest mystery, Bad Chemistry  Tues Sep 13, 7:30 pm at Women in Print,  3566 W4th Ave, Van. For more info, call 732-  4128.  YMCA YOUTH CONFERENCE  The International Unit of the YMCA is holding  a conference, Right on! Human Rights and  You, for youth aged 13-18 Sep 2-5 at Camp  Elphinstone on the Sunshine Coast (BC).  The conference will focus on issues at the  local, national and global levels and involves  interactive workshops. The cost is $150 and  includes food, lodging, and transportation to  the camp. Subsidies are available. For more  info, call Noel Hulsman or Fahra Khan at 681 -  0221 (Ext 318).  SHARI ULRICH  West Coast singer/songwriter Shari Ulrich  will top the list of performers at the second  annual Fundraising Gala for the  WomenSpeak Institute. The gala, which celebrates Women's History Month, will be held  on Fri Oct 21 at 8pm at the Performing Arts  Theatre of Douglas College's New Westminster Campus, at 8th and Royal. Tickets $20  for students. Call 527-5472 to order. For  more info, call Barbara Der at 521-4272 or  930-0988.  FRINGE FEST  The Fringe Fest, Vancouver's alternative  theatre festival celebrates its 10th anniversary with over 500 live performances by 100  theatre troupes from across the globe Sep 8-  18. Performances will include everything from  feminist satire, gay comedy, to African storytelling. All tickets are under $10 and are  available through the CBO, 280-2801. For  show and venue info, call 873-3646.  AIDS AWARENESS WEEK  The national AIDS Awareness Week takes  place Oct 3-9. AIDS Awareness Week provides a unique opportunity for individuals,  community groups, healthcare profession  als, public health departments and governments to make a difference in the fight  against AIDS. This year's theme is "AIDS  and Youth". For more info about events in  Vancouver, call the YouthCo AIDS Society at  688-1441.  LIL CHRZAN  Lil Chrzan's A Few Small Works, an exhibition of female figures in oil and mixed media,  will be shown from Sep 17-30 at the Vancouver Women's Bookstore, 315 Cambie St. For  more info, call 684-0523.  ECO-CITY NETWORK  The second gathering of the Vancouver Eco-  City Network will take place on Mon Sep 12  at 6:30 pm, at the Strathacona Community  Garden's Cottonwood site off Prior St (at  Strathacona Park). The Eco-city Network  promotes the creation of a socially just and  ecologically sustainable Vancouver region.  The Network was formed at the Greening  Our Cities Conference held in May. Join the  Eco-city Network for a potluck corn roast!  Bring your favourite seasonal dish, andyour  own plate, cutlery and mug. For more info,  call 736-7732.  VIDEO IN SCREENINGS  The Ethics of Ambiguity will showcase two  videos by New York lesbian and gay activist  videomakers Jean Carlomusto and Gregg  Bordowitz. "A Selective History of AIDS Activist Video" will be shown Thurs Oct 6 and  "To Each Her Own" & "Fast Trip-Long Drop",  will be shown Fri Oct 7. Both screenings will  be held at the Video In, 1965 Main St, Van,  and will start at 8pm. Tickets are $4/5. For  more info, call 872-8337.  VIDEO WORKSHOP  Video In Studios presents an advanced workshop called "Contemporary Issues in Documentary" Sat Oct 8, 1 -4pm at the Video In,  1965 Main St, Van. Drawing from the recent  history of both AIDS-inspired activist work  and recent queer video, the workshop will  consider the necessity and the limits of identity politics and the need to confront hopelessness and anger in new ways. The cost is  $10-25. To register, call (604) 872-8337.  GROUPS  support? Come join us for lunch.and help us  plan some social activities. We're " Just  out!". Please call Geri in The Lower Mainland  at 278-8497 (Evenings).  WOMEN OVER 40  40 and Fabulous Plus is a social evening  designed for, but not exclusive to, women 40  and over. Dance to music from Glenn Miller  right up tothe present day performers. Held  on the third Sat of every month from 7pm-  1am, starting Aug 20 at Uncle Charlie's  Lounge, 455 Abbott St. Tickets are $5 at the  door and includes supper.  CUSTODY SUPPORT GROUP  Acustody support group is lookingfor women  who are interested in establishing a support  group for women going through custody  battles. If you are interested, call 591-7087.  WOMEN'S DISCUSSION GROUP  A women's discussion group on the environment, feminism, and sustainability would like  to encourage interested women to get involved. Meetings are generally held monthly.  For details, call 255-5763.  LESBIAN AVENGERS  Interested lebians are invited to join the  Lesbian Avengers, a direct action group  focussed on issues vital to lesbian survival  and visibility. This group originated in New  York, and has become an international organization. The next meetings are on Sep 9  & 23 at 7:30pm at the VLC, 876 Commercial  Dr. For more info, call 688-WEST ext 2005,  or the Lesbian Avenger Hotline 268-9614.  GROUPS  GROUPS  DAWN BC  The DisAbled Women's Network of Vancouver is holding monthly meetings for all disabled women interested in meeting other disabled women for support and information  sharing. Meetings are held on the second  Sun of the month from 2-4pm at the Vancouver Housing Registry, 501 East Broadway.  For info, call 253-6620.  IMMIGRANT AND  VISIBLE MINORITY WOMEN  The Immigrant and Visible Minority Women's  Group of The Burnaby Multicultural Society  holds meetingsthefirstandthird Wed of the  month. Immigrant and visible minority women  in the Burnaby area are invited to discuss,  learn and take action on issues that are of  interest to them. Workshop sessions on  multiculturalism and dealing with racism will  be held in Oct. For details, contact Kitty Chan  at 299-4808.  HIV POSITIVE WOMEN  The Oak Tree Clinic, a new care centre for  HIV positive women and children has opened  its doors and is accepting new clients. To  make an appointment to see a doctor or  counsellor, call 875-2212.  MENOPAUSE SUPPORT  A Menopause Support Group in Edmonton  meets every third Wed of the month at 7:30  at the Royal Alexandra Hospital-Women's  Centre in the Out Patient Diabetic Clinic. For  info call 939-3699.  TEEN MOM DROP-IN  Eastside Family Place now has a drop-in  space for teen moms on Mons, between  3:30-5:30 pm. Free snacks and coffee available. Located at 1661 NapierSt (at William &  Commercial, just off Granview Park).  EAST-SIDE LESBIAN YOUTH  The East-Side Youth Drop-in for lesbian, gay  and bisexual youth and their friends will be  held at Britannia. This is a safe, confidential,  non-threatening environment to discuss issues, build support and meet people. If you  are between 15 and 25, want to get involved  or get more info, call Jason at Britannia  Community Services, Mon or Wed, or leave  a message at 253-4391.  WAV AW TRAINING  Women Against Violence Against Women/  Rape Crises Centre (WAVAW) is looking for  women volunteers to do crisis line work. The  next training begins Sep 14 for 11 weeks on  Weds, 7-10pm and Suns, 11 am-5pm. Child  care and transportation subsidies available.  Sign language interpreters will be provided if  needed. For more info, call 255-6228 or TTY  254-6268.  MATURE LESBIANS  Are you starting or continuing the coming out  process? Are you looking for friendship and  Kinesis is looking for a part-time Advertising  Co-ordinator who is creative, energetic, well  organized, responsible, and has good person-to-person skills and is aware of feminist  issues and values.  DUTIES INCLUDE  •soliciting new advertising accounts and  maintaining the current advertising base  • invoicing all accounts  Wage based on percentage of  advertising revenues per month  DEADLINE SEPT 6, 5 PM  JOB STARTS SEPT 12  Women of colour & First Nations women are  encouraged to apply. Affirmative action principles will be in effect for this hiring.  Kinesis Hiring  301-1720 Grant Street  Vancouver, BC V5Y 2L6  Phone: 255-5499  KINESIS  Distribution Co-or<  Kinesis is looking for a part-time Distribution  Co-ordinatorwho is energetic, well orgainized,  responible, has good interpersonal skills and  is aware of feminist issues, has access to  vehicular transportation.  DUTIES INCLUDE  •maintaining statements and records of  sales and collecting payments  •picking up & delivering Kinesis to mailing  house and in-town distributors  •relaying information to the Editorial Board  Wage based on10/hrsperissueat$15/hour  DEADLINE SEPT 6, 5PM  JOB STARTS SEPT 12  Women of colour & First Nations women  are encouraged to apply. Affirmative action  principles will be in effect for this hiring.  Kinesis Hiring  301-1720 Grant Street  Vancouver, BC V5Y 2L6  Phone: 255-5499  Position Available  Community Organizer  Vancouver Status of Women  VSW requires a part-time Community Organizer/Advocate for 20 hrs a week at $15/  hour plus benefits for a term of six months  beginning on Oct 1. Women of Colour &  First Nations women are encouraged to  apply. Affirmative action principles will  be in effect for this hiring.  DUTIES  The Community Organizer/Advocate is  staff person at the VSW who works closely  with the Program Coordinator and other  staff members to increase the visibility in  the lower mainland of feminist issues in  general and VSW in particular by:  •strategizing, organizing and implementing projects involving VSW and other women's groups  •working with volunteers and other staff  to develop and implement a detailed program for outreach  •liaising with the media and government  on behalf of VSW  •sharing in all internal organizational tasks  QUALIFICATIONS  •broad based knowledge & familiarity  with women's issues, and community groups  •good communication and organizational  skills  •the ability to envision and initiate the  implementation of two projects—the Cable  TV Show & Speakers' Bureau  DEADLINE FOR APPLICATIONS  Monday September 19 at 4 pm  Send Resumes to:  Vancouver Status of Women  310-1720 Grant Street  Vancouver, BC V5L 2Y6  Phone:255-5511  22  SEPTEMBER 1994 Bulletin Board  GROUPS  SUBMISSIONS CLASSIFIEDS CLASSIFIEDS  MOSAIC ACTION GROUP  MOSAIC has started a Multicultural Women's  Community Action Group, for immigrant  women active in the community and wishing  to getfurther involved. Enhance knowledge of  issues, acquire practical skills, become resource persons for multicultural organizations and community projects. Meetings will  be held twice a month at MOSAIC, 2nd Fl,  1720 Grant St. For more info, call Nikki  Nijhowne at 254-9626, voice mail #305.  LESBIAN SOCIAL GROUP  A Bunch Of Lesbians (ABOL) social evening  every Wed 7:30 pm at the Gay and Lesbian  Centre, 1170 Bute St. Open to all lesbians.  Guest speakers, discussions, videos, special  events.  POSITIVE WOMEN  The Positive Women's Network in Vancouver  has formed a Women's HIV Caucus to provide a time and place for HIV positive women  to discuss advocacy issues. For women who  would like to get involved in the causes, but  don't want to lose their confidentiality, there is  the option of phone conferencing. For more  info, please contact Carla at the PWN, 893-  2200.  MAPLE RIDGE CONTACTS  The Lesbians and Gays of Maple Ridge Social Group hold monthly potlucks, brunches,  games etc. New to the community? You are  welcomed here. Call 467-9566.  VALLEY MEN & WOMYN  If you would like to meet other lesbians, gays  or bis and you live in the Abbotsford area, you  are invited to call, Friends in the Valley at 853-  7184 or write to Box 8000-591, Abbotsford  V2S6H1.  SUBMISSIONS  SOLO FLIGHTS  The New Play Centre is now accepting submissions for Solo Flights, an evening of one-  person show(s) to be presented during the  1995 Vancouver New Play Festival. All submissions must be original, unproduced works.  Submit a completed draft of your script to:  Solo Flights, The New Play Centre, 1405  Anderson, Vancouver, BC, V6H 3R5. For  more info, call 685-6228. Deadline: Nov 1.  THE SEEDLING PROJECTS  The New Play Centre is accepting plays for  The Seedling Projects, eight 15 minute new  theatre pieces to be performed during the  1995 New Play Festival. Projects must be 15  minutes in length, including set up and take  down. The selected eight participants will be  given $400 each to produce their projects.  Submit a one page outline of the play or a  complete script to The Seedling Projects, The  New Play Centre, 1405 Anderson St, Vancouver, B.C. V6H 3R5. For more information call  685-6228. Deadline: Nov 15.  INCEST ANTHOLOGY  Sister Vision Press is inviting women of colour  to submit poetry, stories or journal entries on  experiences of incest and sexual abuse for a  new anthology. Deadline is Nov 30. Please  send hard copy or work on IBM disk with  SASE to Sister Vision Press, PO Box 217 Stn  E, Toronto, Ont, M6H 4E2.  HERLAND  Herland, an annual feminist film and video  festival in Calgary, invites film and  videomakers to submit works for their next  festival. Herland encourages works by new  film/video makers, by Albertan film/video  makers, and by First Nations women and  women of colour. Send a copy of work for  preview on 1/2" format with a short artist  statement and biography to: Calgary Status  of Women Action Committee, 319-22312th  Ave SW, Calgary, Alta, T2P 0G9. For more  info, call (403) 262-1873. Deadline is Sep  15.  CALL FOR ARTWORK  The Vancouver Women's Bookstore is seeking submissions for its storefront display of  visual art and literature by women. Paintings, photographs, and mixed media works  are requested for entry. Previously exhibited women are also encouraged to submit  work. The bookstore offers support and  window space (7'x3'x1.5') for accepted participants. For more info, call 684-0523.  WOMEN'S RIGHTS  The Winter 1995 issue of Canadian Woman  Studies/les Cahiers de la Femme is committed to an exploration of women's rights as  human rights. Invited are essays, research  reports, true stories, poetry, cartoons, drawings and other artwork. Deadline is Nov 30,.  Write or call as soon as possible indicating  your intention to submit your work. Canadian Woman Studies, 212 Founders College, York University, 4700 Keele St, North  York, Ont, M3J 1P3; tel (416) 736-5356; or  fax (416) 736-5700 (ext 55356).  RESOURCE LIBRARY  In Visible Colours Film and Video Society  requests donations of any books, magazines, videos and articles on a range of  issues for its resource library. IVC is involved in producing workshops, and presenting screenings of films and videos by  women of colour and First Nations women.  For more info, contact Claire Thomas, In  Visible Colours Film & Video Society, #115-  119 W Pender St, Van, V6B 1S5; tel or fax  682-1116.  BLACK GIRL TALK  We are young Black women, age 14 to 24  years, who want to talk, to write, to hear  each other. Here's your chance to join us  and publish yourthoughts. We want: poetry,  stories, journal entries, photographs, drawings. Themes: family, relationships, friends,  sex, love, racism, religion, sexuality, politics. Deadline is Sep 30. Send your work to:  Black Girl Talk, Sister Vision Press, PO Box  217, Stn E, Toronto, Ont, M6H 4E2. For  more info, call (416) 533-2184.  SISTER VISION ANTHOLOGY  Sister Vision Press is calling for submissions to the First International Anthology of  Lesbian and Gay People of African Descent. Sister Vision is seeking testimonies,  short stories, essays, photographs, recipes, illustrations, interviews, and poetry  crossing boundaries of culture, language,  geography, history, identity and gender.  Deadline is Dec 15. Send submissions to  Sister Vision, PO Box 217, Stn E, Toronto,  Ont, M6H 4E2.  IDENTITY  A call for submissions for the anthology,  ...But where are you really from: Writings on  Identity and Assimilation in Canada. Essays, personal narratives, articles, commentaries and poetry are wanted which will  examine issues around identity and assimilation in Canadian society. Submit in duplicate with a SASE to Hazelle Palmer c/o  Sister Vision Press, 19-1666 Queen St E,  Toronto, Ont, M4L 1G3. Tel: (416) 691-  5749. Deadline is Nov 30.  PEER COUNSELLOR TRAINING  Battered Women's Support Services will be  offering Group Facilitator, Peer Counsellor/  Advocate training in the fall of this year. If you  are interested in working with battered women  as a volunteer at BWSS and would like to be  consideredforthetraining program, call 687-  1868for an application form. Deadline is Fri,  Sep 2.   THE RAMAYANA RETOLD  The Public Dreams Society has created The  Ramayana: A South Asian Story and Shadow  Play Activity Resource for educators of children. The package includes a storyline, cultural and historical information, ten shadow  puppets, complete instructions for puppet  and stage construction, and helpful tips for  educators and new puppeteers. This package will be available in Sep. For more info,  call 879-8611.  GENERAL PRACTITIONER  Joan Robillard, MD, General Practitioner for  all kinds of families is located at 308-2902 W  Broadway, Van, V6K2G8, phone 736-3582.  SHIATSU WITH A DIFFERENCE  For pain relief, stress management or as a  complement to therapy, Astarte's focus on  body-awareness will help you gain insight  and toolstofurtheryourhealingprocess. Call  Astarte Sands 251 -5409.  TTY SERVICES  Battered Women's Support Services now  offers TTY services for deaf and hard or  hearing women. The BWSS TTY number is  687-6732. TTY hours: Mon-Fri, 10am-5pm.  NAC MOVES  The National Action Committee on the Status of Women (NAC) has moved to: #203-  234 Eglinton Ave East, Toronto, Ont, M4P  1K5. Tel: (416)932-1718 and fax (416)932-  0646.  TRAINING PROGRAM  Dexter, Wallace & Associates is inviting  women to apply for its 21 -week computerized office skills training program for office  workers. The course is free and includes  computer skills, on-the-job-training and career placement. Info meetings will be held  Tues and Thurs Sep 6-22,10am at 948 West  7th, Van. For more info, call 731-3116.  MANITOBA WAC  The Manitoba Women's Advisory Council  has moved to #107-175 Carlton St, Winnipeg, Man, R3C3H9.Tel: (204)945-6281 and  fax: 945-6511.  COWGIRLS 'N GHOST TOWNS  Winter holiday for lesbians. Come this winter  to sunny and warm Arizona. Travel by van  with a small group of cowgirls like yourself to  see Arizona's Old West, ghost towns, Spanish mission, Native American ruins, spectacular scenery, and the cultural legacy of  Mexico, Arizona's southern neighbour. Tour  includes accomodations in upscale or historical hoterls, horseback riding and cook-  outs, Sedona jeep tour, and 'Welcome to  Arizona" reception with local lesbians. Eight  departures Nov-Feb. A special invitation is  extended to Canadian lesbians. Out'n Ari-  zona Dept 85285. Tel: (800) 897-0304.  TRANSITION HOUSE TRAINING  The B.C/Yukon Society of Transition Houses  is looking for trainers for its upcoming sessions for front line workers to be held in early  in Oct. The training sessions will be in 4  modules of 4 days each and will be held in at  least 4 different locations around the province. All trainers are invited to apply in writing  by Sep 5. Resumes must list training you  have previously delivered. A strong understanding from a feminist perspective on the  issue of violence against women is required,  and transition house experience is a definite  asset. For further info, contact the B.C./  Yukon Society of Transition Houses Tel  (604)669-6943, fax (604)682-6962.  DYKE HOUSEHOLD  We are two dykes looking for third (dyke) to  share our east end house. Rent $400. Available Sep 1. Call 254-9332.  DESH PARDESH  Desh Pardesh has moved to a home away  from home. Their new address is: The Darling Building, #607-96 Spadina Ave, Toronto,  Ont, M5V2J6.Tel: (416) 601-9932 and fax:  (416)601-9973.  RHYTHM WOMYN DANCING  With the moon returns us to the ancient  wisdom of the body and its natural cycles.  Using movement, music writing, meditation  and ritual, we deepen our self awareness  and awaken the power of our sacred sexuality. An experiental 10 week workshop beginning Sep28 Call Ahava at 264-1449. Blessed  be.  LYNN MATHERS MSW  I am a registered social worker and therapist  in Maple Ridge/Abbotsford. I have a general  private practice working with individuals,  couples, families and groups. I have experience with addictions, grief, sexual and physical abuse, infidelity, pregnancy loss and  general life concerns. Fee: $70-$86 per hour.  For appointment call 463-3026 or 852-4818.  VILLA HERMANAS  Villa Hermanas, an all women's Caribbean  beachfront guesthouse, is sadly closed. We  had an armed break-in at the villa in April and  no longer feel the house can be the safe,  open sanctuary ft was. So, with sadness, we  are putting the villa up for sale. We'll miss all  you wonderful women. Barb and Stronach.  LEGAL CLINIC FOR WOMEN  Battered Women's Support Services and  UBC Law Students Legal Advice Program  areco-sponsoringfreelegalclinicsforwomen  to be held alternative Tues, from Sept 20 to  Nov 15. For more info orto make an appointment, call the UBC Law Students Legal  Advice Program at 822-5791.  DATING VIOLENCE RESOURCE  Battered Women's Support Services has  revised its publication, Dating Violence, A  discussion guide on violence in young people 's relationships. It includes exercises, notes  on the law and resources. The guide is $3.50  per copy plus postage, and can be ordered  by calling BWSS at 687-1868, or writing to  BWSS, Box 1098, Postal Stn A, Vancouver,  BC.V6C2T1.  PHILIPPINE WOMEN  CENTRE RAFFLE  Win a trip for two to the Philippines! Help  support ongoing programming at the Philippine Women Centre by buying some raffle  tickets. Draw date is Nov 19. Fortickets, call  PWC at 322-9852.  FEMMES FRANCOPHONES  Aimerais-tu donner de ton temps pour aider  au developpement de services pour les  femmes francophones violentees de ta  communaute? Aimerais-tu participer a une  formation qui te donnerait les outils pour le  faire? Si oui, nous attendons impatiemment  ton appel. Reseau-Femmes est un organisme  provincial sans but lucratif, travaillant aux  changements sociaux et economiques qui  assureront I'egalite et Pequite aux femmes  francophones de la province. Telephone:  736-6979 poste 332.  SEPTEMBER 1994  23 LIBRARY PROCESSING CTR - SERIfi!     One year D Cheque enclosed  D$20 + $1.40 GST □ Bill me  Two years D New  D$36 + $2.52 GST □ Renewal  Institutions/Groups D Gift  D$45 + $3.15 GST □ Donation  Name.  If you can't afford the full amount for Kinesis   <S  subscription, send what you can. 1  Free to prisoners. S?  Orders outside Canada add $8. =§  Vancouver Status of Women Membership §  (includes Kinesis subscription) f  D$30 +$1.40 GST 1  Address-  Country   Telephone.  Postal code_  Fax   Published ten times a year by the Vancouver Status of Women  #301 -1720 Grant Street Vancouver, BC V5L 2Y6

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