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Nepal's Maoists: Their Aims, Structure and Strategy International Crisis Group 2005-10-27

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People's War in Nepal: Left Perspective, (iclc-pTl : tiSUsjC, ?003), c^iltfi
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Insurgency, 1996to2003 (cblioHlsT : cf Til»-i^liiH, ?oo3), ^l^cbd ^CgRT
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'Itlil W.<H I eft g?T : Some Important Documents of Communist Party of
Nepal (Maoist) (uIhRqTT ycCTQTST, ^ootf) 7 Problems and Prospects of
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Review 2(21), c feiHJ-cR  ?oo3 |
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ggrgg gsg gggg grgs: OTartt g 37Fg ot^^i
cHltii^i^di^ Pgidi ggrf g^PtPg^ qtpBrgtgrf P^g
qp waTTdTOTg^gg d7tgHpitr ggd' g ?ti gg^r ga^t 37Fg
g^PrPnp g^j^RRTg g^i4 gggg d773T 3gg?ATHp rp
37_gTg dididJ.uidi4 giftP Mggg gg^rsjtigg ggaT idr
3jtldg RlJidi gg gnpHpt Ssri g rpf37tr ?°°4 gr arggg
?ri(?r gdiqddcbl gggr^g 37r^rgTTHpr OT^rglng g73i1di(5jjjj|
gftg fP gP gsg-pyg :JJTagfgi' t dTsrsjgHb ?fg7 37^
g4tg sgggi g f§r4Ti 33? gcgrg% ajd-grrgg ot*<nT<ii
TTdRTTg   Hpr4   3p   gT3l1dl^dld   ST^T^bT   qgRT(?F   idl^d
g^gr gfgr gfgt PgW gg gggrg hit ggggrg 37^
fRigg gftgt 1 gwrag: 37P g(5?dTjrg qtragg ggsgj
" Jfr   gPRRT^STT   3TRte   5HTTRT   JR^TT   3RiRR   nf^T, 3Tf^T   ?TqRT
JTRTRTRT SRiRR nf^T, 3Tf^T 5HTTRT ?taT HafT ^Fc^c; 3RiRR nf^T,
arfer ?lqRr P^tWt 3RiRR nfg-, arf^r shttrt P^t t^nt sniRR
nftr, arf^r shttrt qn sniRR nf^r, arf^r ^rtrt ms^\ <&&] snirsR
nf^T, 3Tf^T  5HTTRT  RRRT7R   nf£T, 5HTTRT  ^Fm   SRiT^T   nf^T, SHqRT
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" QR|f cHMIpTI  -JHHIcbl arf^l^f.-WI iPIffnn 7flTp PrRpt aR^RJTdt,
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" "fclEJrfl^T7^-   oH4Mcbl   3TR4tPcr7   gPHIHf.*   5Rc;   Jp   cRCT   JRRJ",
sfRMf    •HJHWK,    ?b    SRTT^     ^ooV,   http://newswww.bbc.net.Uk/2/hi/
south asia/3571884.stm OT qP 3tRRy SI
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giJllcrAid: W377d7OTrF 37_?nf^rg T Ud^dld^ Sd\   dT rARTt
|ot£ gP 377gPt fg?rrg 3gFOT7ggif Pg-?gtggr g^r
gggm 3p idTpP ggrgi(?Wt giggr Ji_qVbl si gg
?w g7 gg*g (gr377grfr) dg gsg m ggr rAig.ni gi_r
gP ^z sgrgg &g, dr dgggg fggtig aj-ggrrgg q^gnp
q^jw OTTfT^gr aqp g^Prgr gP gnp q_sp ip_ jrtTdg si
gga_g rgftfgggg 37t^dATRgr 377gPt gggfdcbKgfd g^aftr
fgptdg giggi g_cp gwnggr gagj^f gnrsi grgrrg
aiddJ,i^ft^ sggg 37t^dgTtrg7t^r wru i<M^f gg cr4ta
igr? srggg 37Fg ddi*<s qftgr tfergj grfrrg 7fggg dgjg
^rAiiid 3ggPt fP 4lcHdi gsgjgg fRT «ik«hu dgrggg sg
7     ?oo^     dg     TJdUgT     377^     W<idjqJ,cb"l     37_?lRTgdg
cbKdi^tdid igg gdgg gP gg_qsi dr gg qggrdg
37_?rrgg gggg g^rgg grP tPfFdrgg qgRT 3rr> gnsi
gits <Hdi^ dIPJid fggrOT^ gfrr^ggr t ggggrFdrpngf
ott arP f-Aiiid 37drgig7 q/g gfOT qgRf 3rggr 377gPt
P% ggg w$ gg msgj ?ri(?r gqgg ggrgg 37d7p7djHR
Aigdid 4Prgr j 7gjptPgg dg4Pggggrci Sf^n tgrg
37ttlg gfcf chKdi^lcHcrAi gaggggftdTW q?ga7 gsgg gg
gtgg si"
qT^ttlTg 37?g RsMididftj.'N gP sg dT (fig d7gt"4 fpg-
qP- rgrftdg gdRr dT dgAT3i<Hdi<Hi g^aftr :adTr tfcr gW
&ggj grft t tgtWR dddidlAi jggr g^gOTTfr^frggg
g^TFg g ^rg gwrrfgg fgsgrgg^Wt gtST^sj we at? (ftl
gg ?oov gr ggtrgi i^d^g rp_^ sig 3175! gT37tgrfr ggr
cHAidjfiUi jfr^r gggr gttg _t?b gtgtgrci 37gf33rg t igr
rjcft qrfrsgT grff tgRig gt|g gtgtgrci 37gdf otstot
ggg(?F ami 4t uddi^d i^d^g 7^gg qrrgg tgrg dPgg
arc dFdP tAtgg aii^cilddJii g^sfR aTP _-aji_h gwrrggr
gsTggt fRiw 3te t^ggg sgj" dT ?nr?r ggrggcrgfegg
jrftgiTf^gT g# qggrgg tddid,^ irq^d sgrgg g^gg
grfggg yddi^did gfefr g g^afR fdPt gaj STggt frr
?Tpd^Sl"
_&    ElftS    ddl^dit    fjRg-dlddld    gBildlc$ft<Ml!,     3T3=37TT
ggrgr gg gggg si sgrggg cpkuikjii ipm hpfotj g?gg
?4 3rd7 dgA^pt(?Fgt"4 jtttr gg (tdRtg) g^p ^rgr gtts
" 3t<rHL(ut y/fdJHI ?? 3^ ?oo4 3TT qcprfQTd' 3RiR 75RR?T ftRTDTQRTQR
anqTcpt 3R^lTfcP5T ^Ijjj
" iPifPn _q^" Pycbl ai^Hcildl Jprsmsf, strj- ^oo^ i
" •fHL.'ij-cR  3004 jtt fr>f_3T3n snailciicjif.^41 tj  ai^jiipicbl  RParp
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(3ftrg) gg 3ft dd-cbdl ddiAidl qigqld^bi 37TdRgr g^grfgr
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t§rg, dgggggg idft-Mi;, 3jg73djq^r g73i1d\£\<k\ aTggTgT
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gtr dqiddi^ f?g?ggg t?r4t 3Rrgt4 m\<^\ grsggt
drrfgr gT377d7OTnt tdTdR t qttgrgggr d^frg ajt^gg
:^_gt t^TAfT 3p ;gtg 377gg3Rgrtf 3777^tggt3Hggg dddidlAi
3ftOTJ(?^g^4 garw sgRp fSro"i gT3i1di^d 3 trcdrdr ?°°4
gT ggiggg g^tdgggg gfgrgr gt ggr gwrg d(?gg _$
cpJiicr^j,^ tggfdR gggg sg, 3Rrgt4 ggdgg g^gFST?^
377gP diqj,di^chj ggruT PRg-dK gggg fRi Tjgrj si"
gdttgsp aTggigig gr377d7<5t ddi^^i^"4 gt 3rt grttggg
sgj  q1fdds._j,1cpi  dgg^qgr gOTg ^r gr3g (dfg) c
gLdj-dJ. •>.%%% gr gtr^rgr fPrg  grttggg t^rir,
Hf^OTJ ggr OTsqTtor ;?4tqp (JrgF?: ^rat) ?? if ?^<^ gT
ggsgr^rgrci gggr qTttggg t^m 3RTd7f giftrrgg 37_gig
gft^si atgtg g?gg ggr 1 waftdTOT^ ggggr fnng trg
?oo? spt gftgt g^bsggggi g?tr ftrRrggr grttggg t^rir,
OTR37 PFdTgrgr d^fig g#rPgg gOTg Rdd^i^j, iss^f
(ggrg) 3pgf ?oo? m gd^d^ii grttggg t§rg, d^frg
gt^rtggg gOTg(?F glTfgg^ 3fpg (dj^R) 1 ^Rgrg f^gr
(tg?gg) 4 gcardr ?°°v gr Rh*i.hi grttggg t?gn"
Hf^OTJ g#rPdg gOTg g^T ttrfe d^TFsr dgg^i^r dRfr
(qftddd) gg ?3 g ?oov gT ^Efcggr j^ arggg t?r4t,"
37P Hf^OTJ gfinPcpi gOTg g^T gggttgr ott! tlngggg
dvHic^j. Prg grg ?oo<^ m dfenw gPgr ^rsqgT gittggg
tggi"
7arg gtr ?nr?r ggrdt ggr 7ottgrrrs ari^rggrJuTdg yddi^
gP gsgg sg, 3Rgt t?b Wfs d^n^r (5tgggg?r «rs
(ftgrg), sreTprgg cpjhc^j,^ dAid^J, ggt (gang) 1
giggrg^r g^g (g^gg) 1 d^Pt ^m^m ^ng; s^dgig
"  3^1^*JHI    ff^RRTR:   3RTI,  f|d^RR   dRTT5,   cHl^b^U   ftT<?,  fefrq
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" q^rcrs, qn cRttczt, 4 ^ ?oov 1
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d%g, tft dggg t gmsdTKg dggg q£sgj
an^rggrgg j ot^iot^i tiddi^ gt3Rft gftgg g?gt
d(?gr gtgg sg dr 4t qgjg d^frg dTRH^g tdrgritg
37TTgg 3p otIoti dr g^^frg gfigPgg <nd.<w** ^zfp?:
%e, tw ?rat, _gRig :ogig, EpGtgtg^r 7Q5dg t etrtot
&gtgif gftg ?oo? jtt gr^g^cr-d/id ftgggg7 ^fsj
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7Q5gg t ydiddi^ ggRgTtgg gttggg &g t ydidd grff
3ngj; gg^gr (gT3ggfr) gT rn^fg gsrggg fRr giddP^p
^rrg- tfrnug g}gg sgj"
ggo_dg 3tt^5t gi37TErfr 3TT^cggg3Ttt g 3ntr g^s t <V£|ai
g?gg PufiAi^ sggtg, Ptott i grt d***<Hi 3ntr gnsgj
cb<Hi<ricbi 4t ?^ydi<Hi grgr ott c^rggrg?^ gsr sgjgg
&ggj dggggrtg gg ?OT?g auc-djdd ggggjg t 3T_?gftHr7
#Pt si ggr ggrgg ggrtg d^fjg dgjeggg otT gg^gi
#bt gjHfgfeg gt|g d^TRggg grggr gg, g (ftl
Aiigfi_j-dicb1" oiiiuK Jitt ggr g^grsg igWr T^Ptg
3tt3i1cji<J1^>h<m<^jt ggdRFbitr Ebgr-tdRRH7(?F 3RdT ggg
d^ftg Eggraggg gj^Fgt 37dgf tddJ.ui<_,<Mid 4t fRT
OT^g 3773S: "&4T ErgaTfg g^p q_Ep ^anptg graildicij^
7fd4g gt-grggT gg ttdrgg :^ggr ggg gtr dt ott
cbKtdK^did ^dnw d^gggg fggi gT3ggft gddgdTf 4t
fRigg 3ggggtr 37gg% idtpp grgt 373-"Agggif ;gdR 33?
c-AiiqK grjgggg P^ft ftdTTfT^dTf g^gg^tOT 37P 37_ttrg
ditdgg 3g^gg gttggg g-gigg 3rgR gtr gT377gft d^ftg
ggggr ot^tt gtr"
dr _g q4garEb(?F T^gglg d^gi^rpp 3^gTdtrg dtp
f?R_j ggg gtgg gr idl^ dT dlP^gp aigfwg ^rjfgg
3R7gr OT^g- yddi^ aiTeAiiiS, epfott PgFgtgdg s-ftgt
q^psgrt g-§r 3p anferi gftg grargiTfr ett Jiedl^ gtggog
cbKdi£l gP gtgg s dr gigRgggr ism otr qtgg
yg^Jii gr? 37_?ngdgwcrifT grgT g^OT7?F ggg?Rg
3gfsgj ?? 3RRg ?oov gr otw^i ggggr Id^rng
grgrgg (fdgrgg gcgmT grg wrgg f§jgri gt|g ggr
37^dtit|g gpg gig 3ggtgg7 3rgq% grg gT377Enftdg
gt^rgt d^ftg EbgFgdg ^grg tcjEngR (fdgidg ggig tot
grtg agjgg fggi 3gg grgr ggggr grg gsrf 3dt 7grrgg
gP fgg 3RTd- sjg giPggg (fdgr ggggg fgg 37gr cggt
gti dr gi3i7Erfigg d^frg ggd'37gjgR sP 4t yddi^ii
gcpt gg gggg fg4ti "art gggrgg gfaftr 37ggggg tf^tf
gi^g fp gP ggggrgrf qggj gg gtgiFS dT gdfOTS
3p t^_ gH=gi"" 3dP gftg sigtgg gg 3i7c5?r tOTdg
gfgtgr gt dT 3d7?Wt dggr^OTT g3_r sift Ergi^g tisf
q_dftcp sigtgggg gttugg?^ qggt?p sgrgg ^ggj
37_?ngdgwcrifT yddi^ gcggg g3_r ggrtg qftgg g?gr
d^^di| t^ggt «t-diAMdi<b1 gRT (ftl gfinP^ j 37Fg
aMg Pgggpngf PdTp^bt (Vt^rgg37dTHR Pr-gg gg
37t^dgR Pt^rg m\i\m\ ghiiaiIold gttggg si isru gtr
gp377cg tltwgg cb<Hic-^^di4 trn^Rdg: rgdtgg ggg
gggt^?rT37_»»g 3gggr dggcbgr?^ t ggg4Pigi(5^ PgRrg
gggg git^r icP^dtg fdd<Hdi t^ggt si dT idtp^Pt
gdjg Tgr4T gtJlPdid ePt 3773d- ggrg idl^	
?frqrg d(?gr g^P gsqggg gggtcJ?iT 3iggi3g g^agggr
H=Ajg si"
^anptg t Pr?d7 gfinP^di^ gPg^ Pgidi i ?dgTgit
tgDW 3p t^ggg si dT 4t 37tgdgrdg OTg4rg 37g
gp?R(P gtigrcbg gggg si" gr377gft 377?ftggdg
gtST7^! gdOT?frg 375g 374Ps 3rg7ggrgr 3p 37ftpg?g
aiic-dftcb 37_?ngd^ddi gr 3RicHcbdi iedydlAi ^crgr
OT^rgg    #gi"    ggt    ggigg    37tt%b    dggg    OTJttt
7gPdT/J.lcHdlPch     cHd_rdcb1     guild!     g    (ftl     d^n^TTfT^d-
dgrgiTfW srg7gR(?Fdg ggrg gfe 37g gg^rgRgg gftgg
OT7   3P   37pT   3^g   gHSI   gTfTErrjrg   Pufw^   dnMi^M   J
gglggirg ggg^ ^did gg Eggrgpr 37dj?iigd£lddi<bl
g^Wddidi^ gtgfsi
gT377d7OTr<?; 37TFgEb dT "37PgPgg 37T5" W qtpg 37g 37^
SJ^fr 37P?|A|1tdiiJuf|   OT^FS T 3dt(?Fdg :gPdT EbgRSg ATT
djdldi!, aifcfichK gtgg si dr graildi^^ omgcb u^ftf
gg^rggg dgt?bEb 37_?iRrgdg ggrgigR: 37g (Vgg 37ggg
sgj ggt ggrgg 3ttt%p gggg idft<yp1 ?frg tdrgR ?ti
aTT^STdg       d^J^HI        idl^chl        cbl^cbdl^'bl        SdTcI
Tg gft^-gri idl^di^ Hftg :wg ^di^-gr j
" Qir|f cHmipTi 7^tr7t ^ nt marRrTcg cb^i^nj7?7?!!! rr__r gn
tfldyidcHi qrgd rtsti f§Riti £«_CliH. 3vm,%° ^srtti ^oovi
" _JI.IJ.IJI.  WHIcUjJI  tpl^L'cbl aR^RJTdt, ^QTW, c jV ?oo4 |
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JTfr?! 7i^TR1 JR^RTRT qJ.J-qJ.Nld  3fbsrP ?tl
" J^R:  JRfPtcpt fnTtt, Robert Gersony, "Sowing the Wind: History and
Dynamics   of the   Maoist   Revolt   in  Nepal's   Rapti   Hills",   JRff    tfik
^S^CT^JTRRRT   nwaj   djftsMI   STTTTRpt   ftqR:, aRRJRR   ?oo3; t_.    ?V,
http://www.mercycorps.org/items/1662/ JTT qP iHcH^'tll
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cRficZT, ?? SRTT^ ^ooVI
" iPTffnn 3JCR4; pTRPt aio-ddtdt, cbldJllsT, JTRJ" ?oo4 |
" jnarRrTcg cbijjcbdt+fdi iPifPn sjq^" PiRPt aR^Rrtdt, shttrrr^i,
^;3R1 ^ooVI JRT gcbKcbl PoRT^T7 ?5Z\ nPP cIT 7ftPcT7
3TRTRTSJTT Jlftssgi dT JRTJTT qJJS ajPcpT 3p nPcf, cpJTRST T
cbfj'JJKcbl |5S|
" "7iRTJT_Rf7 -JHHIcbl y1nu||"; u)HJ_f^h -JHHIcbl q^&\ Tlf|RT J^J-JlplHjiKI
qTRd ERdT^T, •cHLiJ-^IT ^oo?!
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ff
idtpngf Praftgitr f^djgFcg gftp gidRHgifr t gr37tgft
Rtewcbi t%ag f^=£4ti Ai^did gPt dT g^PtPgr tfetf
epPot t 3T_?nftg grrjfgg fgggg g^-gri
dr tsrt gtr ?n7fr ggrft ggrgrf gftgrgg gftgq% gdtgg
377g?gEpgr siddicbl gggg auc-djdd 3^ gig gftg
tdggtjg siggg ggft (ftt^rgitRTTg sgte gg qUpgr qftdgg?
gg q/gri g3ptPEp t 7gPgr -_t jfrgrgr gft dgAtgprp^Pt
377gg 3#R gd4ti qftungTg»»g, 37_?iigd^ddi t ggftg
g^dPgg -h<h<hii** t?P gfci gT37tgft sttct^t- ggg "d-^d
fggRdrf PgFgtg gg pjt fggrcg EFc_gggf ftg-pgcg
j|_q«S," wft g^"4ti dr _g dgggptTf^gg iftgr dFcjEp dfr
srfipsrRg wr^f gprsi 4r ggrgr (fcgsggg gift ddid^d
377^ditEb ^KioHcb giOTTf^ giPrggg sgj
gr3i1di(5j^ EpgF5 1 Pai<hu|cp1 g^pcgT fuftid 3Rgt
dT3OTi dr ictftj.'Nd ggrgiTf7^ giggr Ji<_qj.cp1 fg 3p
t<ie si gT3ggfr 3gFOTH"g fg?rrg j: fERgrftg ggrgg ggrtg
gggT Prfc*? 3gqrifdEp drd^ 377dggg gg g m,
cHJddld   3TFdREP   EgdTgTgggWPlfT   fdPtTf7^   377OTT3tgg
sgj   gjdf,   t3RgdTtr  t  ancrdftcp   tggrs:    dfts
dgiTvF Jj,wid g^t 3dt(fWT arggiw 377gig q/g gggg si
aiicrdtVb ra^iididl^did 3gg ggtgggg grg ggrgiifpFg
gsgERPittdTgr ggg isw T&rtf arft fft gtr 3ttr qtgg si
?oo4 dg agr^wgr qgxj^-dTfgg^rggg grfdgg g»»» argi
TftgT 3ftr dtg 37g_grg gftrrgg 37gfggr 3pgf g7f?Enjrg
:gPgT qrnggTf^ 37t3gjqtgg gz-g ft'gg g ggft (ft^gi
3JT)    -Hcl-Hldl T -H<HS5d*l 3TWR
g737tgfr 377^OT7g 3jg TfOT^g fgEpftg 3t4t, ggsftgg
$gt 3ggRd7f gftgigg ggtr dggr gg gwrg ftggi ggfg
d4t ggrggg 3igg5:sgrdg gPt qft?ig gTg (ftl iOTRuigg
gift, ?ri(?r ggrgt trgrgg agg^dgargrHR g?Rg ggggpiTf^
t ?v (f3nr grgdtPdT cpi4cbdfi^dftcp gT37fTgftgg dgtg ggr
^rrw gggnp gsg ggsgj" gT37itgift(f7J5 Tggg: AgarFcg Epgr
(ft dRT cjgT g^Aiicpj ?ggr ga^r ggj Arggftg? P<gg g 3jh
^gr^- grfi^ajP j,ks)^ t gPg^ gggsbp^bt ?P cjgt
3rgrg si ?n7?r dggg ggrgg 3iggg?rgrg dig^P^ci ddJ.d
gtcjqgTfrcjr ^rgfgt agg^ggargrgT gT3ftgftdg ?v (f3nr
tlbgi^ftg gggg^ j -_| gra grfi^Sitdtiidi^ sgj"
_g gEfaggpP cp fRTgt g-^bd gtgg sg 3p fdd^ t
7fETEs PErrgggr gTaffgiOTTp gig gg arggt qft?ig ^Ajg
gg ggsi dr dAfrw^r P% dfr <Hd<iidi*<s idtpp
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Boundary representation is
not rwcessarify authoritative,
Zones
1 Mahakafi
8 Gandaki
2Seti
9 Narayani
3 Karnali
10 Bagmati
4 Bheri
11Janakpur
5 Rapfi
12 Sagarmatha
6 Dhawalaiiri
13Kost
7 Lumbini
14 Mechi
1
 Zone boundary
~k        National capital
®        Zone capital
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Bagmati-
Narayani       Janakpur-
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Mechi-Koshi
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Proposed Ethnic and Regional
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CENTRAL ASIA
The Failure of Reform in Uzbekistan: Ways Forward for
the International Community, Asia Report N°76, 11 March
2004 (also available in Russian)
Tajikistan's Politics: Confrontation or Consolidation?, Asia
Briefing N°33, 19 May 2004
Political Transition in Kyrgyzstan: Problems and Prospects,
Asia Report N°81, 11 August 2004
Repression and Regression in Turkmenistan: A New
International Strategy, Asia Report N°85, 4 November 2004
(also available in Russian)
The Curse of Cotton: Central Asia's Destructive
Monoculture, Asia Report N°93, 28 February 2005 (also
available in Russian)
Kyrgyzstan: After the Revolution, Asia Report N°97, 4 May
2005 (also available in Russian)
Uzbekistan: The Andijon Uprising, Asia Briefing N°38, 25
May 2005 (also available in Russian)
Kyrgyzstan: A Faltering State, Asia Report N°109, 16
December 2005 (also available in Russian)
Uzbekistan: In for the Long Haul, Asia Briefing N°45, 16
February 2006
Central Asia: What Role for the European Union?, Asia
Report N° 113, 10 April 2006
Kyrgyzstan's Prison System Nightmare, Asia Report N°l 18,
16 August 2006 (also available in Russian)
Uzbekistan: Europe's Sanctions Matter, Asia Briefing N°54,
6 November 2006
Kyrgyzstan on the Edge, Asia Briefing N°55, 9 November
2006
Turkmenistan after Niyazov, Asia Briefing N°60, 12
February 2007
NORTH EAST ASIA
Taiwan Strait IV: How an Ultimate Political Settlement
Might Look, Asia Report N°75, 26 February 2004
North Korea: Where Next for the Nuclear Talks?, Asia
Report N°87, 15 November 2004 (also available in Korean
and in Russian)
Korea Backgrounder: How the South Views its Brother
from Another Planet, Asia Report N°89, 14 December 2004
(also available in Korean and in Russian)
North Korea: Can the Iron Fist Accept the Invisible Hand?,
Asia Report N°96, 25 April 2005 (also available in Korean
and in Russian)
Japan and North Korea: Bones of Contention, Asia Report
NT 00, 27 June 2005 (also available in Korean)
China and Taiwan: Uneasy Detente, Asia Briefing N°42, 21
September 2005
North East Asia's Undercurrents of Conflict, Asia Report
N°108, 15 December 2005 (also available in Korean)
China and North Korea: Comrades Forever?, Asia Report
N°l 12, 1 February 2006 (also available in Korean)
After North Korea's Missile Launch: Are the Nuclear Talks
Dead?, Asia Briefing N°52, 9 August 2006 (also available in
Korean and in Russian)
Perilous Journeys: The Plight of North Koreans in China
and Beyond, Asia Report N°122, 26 October 2006 (also
available in Russian)
North Korea's Nuclear Test: The Fallout, Crisis Group Asia
Briefing N°56, 13 November 2006
SOUTH ASIA
Unfulfilled Promises: Pakistan's Failure to Tackle
Extremism, Asia Report N°73, 16 January 2004
Nepal: Dangerous Plans for Village Militias, Asia Briefing
N°30, 17 February 2004 (also available in Nepali)
Devolution in Pakistan: Reform or Regression?, Asia Report
N°77, 22 March 2004
Elections and Security in Afghanistan, Asia Briefing N°31,
30 March 2004
India/Pakistan Relations and Kashmir: Steps toward Peace,
Asia Report N°79, 24 June 2004
Pakistan: Reforming the Education Sector, Asia Report
N°84, 7 October 2004
Building Judicial Independence in Pakistan, Asia Report
N°86, 10 November 2004
Afghanistan: From Presidential to Parliamentary Elections,
Asia Report N°88, 23 November 2004
Nepal's Royal Coup: Making a Bad Situation Worse, Asia
Report N°91, 9 February 2005
Afghanistan: Getting Disarmament Back on Track, Asia
Briefing N°35, 23 February 2005
Nepal: Responding to the Royal Coup, Asia Briefing N°35,
24 February 2005
Nepal: Dealing with a Human Rights Crisis, Asia Report
N°94, 24 March 2005
The State of Sectarianism in Pakistan, Asia Report N°95, 18
April 2005
Political Parties in Afghanistan, Asia Briefing N°39, 2 June
2005
Towards a Lasting Peace in Nepal: The Constitutional
Issues, Asia Report N°99, 15 June 2005
Afghanistan Elections: Endgame or New Beginning?, Asia
Report N° 101, 21 July 2005
Nepal: Beyond Royal Rule, Asia Briefing N°41, 15
September 2005
Authoritarianism and Political Party Reform in Pakistan,
Asia Report N°102, 28 September 2005
Nepal's Maoists: Their Aims, Structure and Strategy, Asia
Report N°104, 27 October 2005
Pakistan's Local Polls: Shoring Up Military Rule, Asia
Briefing N°43, 22 November 2005
 fbl$f$-H  §W uf?Ml fttf tf.  foyr   ?ts Jtwdw ?°°f
f?
Nepal's New Alliance: The Mainstream Parties and the
Maoists, Asia Report 106, 28 November 2005
Rebuilding the Afghan State: The European Union's Role,
Asia Report N°107, 30 November 2005
Nepal: Electing Chaos, Asia Report N° 111, 31 January 2006
Pakistan: Political Impact ofthe Earthquake, Asia Briefing
N°46, 15 March 2006
Nepal's Crisis: Mobilising International Influence, Asia
Briefing N°49,19 April 2006
Nepal: From People Power to Peace?, Asia Report N°115,
10 May 2006
Afghanistan's New Legislature: Making Democracy Work,
Asia Report N° 116, 15 May 2006
India, Pakistan and Kashmir: Stabilising a Cold Peace, Asia
Briefing N°51, 15 June 2006
Pakistan: the Worsening Conflict in Balochistan, Asia
Report N° 119, 14 September 2006
Bangladesh Today, Asia Report N°121, 23 October 2006
Countering Afghanistan's Insurgency: No  Quick Fixes,
Asia Report N°123, 2 November 2006
Sri Lanka: The Failure of the Peace Process, Asia Report
N°124, 28 November 2006
Pakistan's Tribal Areas: Appeasing the Militants, Asia
Report N°125, 11 December 2006
Nepal's Peace Agreement: Making it Work, Asia Report
NT26, 15 December 2006
Afghanistan's Endangered Compact, Asia Briefing N°59, 29
January 2007
SOUTH EAST ASIA
Indonesia Backgrounder: Jihad in Central Sulawesi, Asia
Report N°74, 3 February 2004
Myanmar: Sanctions, Engagement or Another Way
Forward?, Asia Report N°78, 26 April 2004
Indonesia: Violence Erupts Again in Ambon, Asia Briefing
N°32, 17 May 2004
Southern Philippines Backgrounder: Terrorism and the
Peace Process, Asia Report N°80, 13 July 2004 (also
available in Indonesian)
Myanmar: Aid to the Border Areas, Asia Report N°82, 9
September 2004
Indonesia Backgrounder: Why Salafism and Terrorism
Mostly Don't Mix, Asia Report N°83, 13 September 2004
Burma/Myanmar: Update on HIV/AIDS policy, Asia
Briefing N°34, 16 December 2004
Indonesia: Rethinking Internal Security Strategy, Asia
Report N°90, 20 December 2004
Recycling Militants in Indonesia: Darul Islam and the
Australian Embassy Bombing, Asia Report N°92, 22
February 2005 (also available in Indonesian)
Decentralisation and Conflict in Indonesia: The Mamasa
Case, Asia Briefing N°37, 3 May 2005
Southern Thailand: Insurgency, Not Jihad, Asia Report
N°98, 18 May 2005 (also available in Thai)
Aceh: A New Chance for Peace, Asia Briefing N°40, 15
August 2005
Weakening Indonesia's Mujahidin Networks: Lessons from
Maluku andPoso, Asia Report N° 103, 13 October 2005 (also
available in Indonesian)
Thailand's Emergency Decree: No Solution, Asia Report
N°105, 18 November 2005 (also available in Thai)
Aceh: So far, So Good, Asia Update Briefing N°44, 13
December 2005 (also available in Indonesian)
Philippines Terrorism: The Role of Militant Islamic
Converts, Asia Report NT 10, 19 December 2005
Papua: The Dangers of Shutting Down Dialogue, Asia
Briefing N°47, 23 March 2006 (also available in Indonesian)
Aceh: Now for the Hard Part, Asia Briefing N°48, 29 March
2006
Managing Tensions on the Timor-Leste/Indonesia Border,
Asia Briefing N°50, 4 May 2006
Terrorism in Indonesia: Noordin's Networks, Asia Report
N°l 14, 5 May 2006 (also available in Indonesian)
Islamic Law and Criminal Justice in Aceh, Asia Report
N° 117, 31 July 2006 (also available in Indonesian)
Papua: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions, Asia
Briefing N°53, 5 September 2006
Resolving Timor-Leste's Crisis, Asia Report N°120, 10
October 2006
Aceh's Local Elections: The Role of the Free Aceh
Movement (GAM), Asia Briefing N°57, 29 November 2006
Myanmar: New Threats to Humanitarian Aid, Asia Briefing
N°58, 8 December 2006
Jihadism in Indonesia: Poso on the Edge, Asia Report
N°127, 24 January 2007
OTHER REPORTS AND BRIEFINGS
For Crisis Group reports and briefing papers on:
Asia
Africa
Europe
Latin America and Caribbean
Mddle East and North Africa
Thematic Issues
CrisisWatch
please visit our website www.crisisgroup.org
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$<rd<<ri||,Hd<H $mf^RT ^CTcrTT chl^cbl^ cflfcPT *K>HJ**
Co-Chairs
Christopher Patten
Former European Commissioner for External Relations,
Governor of Hong Kong and UK Cabinet Minister; Chancellor of
Oxford University
Thomas Pickering
Former U.S. Ambassador to the UN, Russia, India, Israel, Jordan,
El Salvador and Nigeria
President & CEO
Gareth Evans
Former Foreign Minister of Australia
Executive Committee
Cheryl Carolus
Former South African High Commissioner to the UK and
Secretary General ofthe ANC
Maria Livanos Cattaui*
Member ofthe Board of Directors, Petroplus Holding AG,
Switzerland: former Secretary-General, International Chamber of
Commerce
Yoichi Funabashi
Chief Diplomatic Correspondent & Columnist, The Asahi Shimbun,
Japan
Frank Giustra
Chairman, Endeavour Financial, Canada
Stephen Solarz
Former U.S. Congressman
George Soros
Chairman, Open Society Institute
Par Stenback
Former Foreign Minister of Finland
*Vice-Chair
Morton Abramowitz
Former U.S. Assistant Secretary of State and Ambassador to Turkey
Adnan Abu-Odeh
Former Political Adviser to King Abdullah II and to King Hussein
and Jordan Permanent Representative to the UN
Kenneth Adelman
Former U.S. Ambassador and Director ofthe Arms Control and
Disarmament Agency
Ersin Arioglu
Member of Parliament, Turkey: Chairman Emeritus, Yapi
Merkezi Group
Shlomo Ben-Ami
Former Foreign Minister of Israel
Lakhdar Brahimi
Former Special Adviser to the UN Secretary-General and Algerian
Foreign Minister
Zbigniew Brzezinski
Former U.S. National Security Advisor to the President
Kim Campbell
Former Prime Minister of Canada: Secretary General, Club of Madrid
Naresh Chandra
Former Indian Cabinet Secretary and Ambassador of India to the U.S.
Joaquim Alberto Chissano
Former President of Mozambique
Victor Chu
Chairman, First Eastern Investment Group, Hong Kong
Wesley Clark
Former NATO Supreme Allied Commander, Europe
Pat Cox
Former President of European Parliament
Uffe Ellemann-Jensen
Former Foreign Minister of Denmark
Mark Eyskens
Former Prime Minister of Belgium
Joschka Fischer
Former Foreign Minister of Germany
Leslie H. Gelb
President Emeritus of Council on Foreign Relations, U.S.
Carla Hills
Former Secretary of Housing and U.S. Trade Representative
Lena Hjelm-Wallen
Former Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Affairs Minister,
Sweden
Swanee Hunt
Chair of Inclusive Security: Women Waging Peace: former U.S.
Ambassador to Austria
Anwar Ibrahim
Former Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
Asma Jahangir
UN Special Rapporteur on the Freedom of Religion or Belief
Chairperson, Human Rights Commission of Pakistan
Nancy Kassebaum Baker
Former U.S. Senator
James V. Kimsey
Founder and Chairman Emeritus of America Online, Inc. (AOL)
Wim Kok
Former Prime Minister of Netherlands
Ricardo Lagos
Former President of Chile
Joanne Leedom-Ackerman
Novelist and journalist, U.S.
Ayo Obe
Chair of Steering Committee of World Movement for Democracy,
Nigeria
Christine Ockrent
 fbl$f$-H  §W fjffcfT Wti: tf.  foyr   ?ts Jtwdw ?°°f
fV
Journalist and author, France
Victor Pinchuk
Founder oflnterpipe Scientific and Industrial Production Group
Samantha Power
Author and Professor, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard
Fidel V. Ramos
Former President of Philippines
Ghassan Salame
Former Minister, Lebanon: Professor of International Relations, Paris
Douglas Schoen
Founding Partner of Penn, Schoen & Berland Associates, U.S.
Thorvald Stoltenberg
Former Foreign Minister of Norway
Ernesto Zedillo
Former President of Mexico; Director, Yale Center for the Study
of Globalization
INTERNATIONAL ADVISORY COUNCIL
Crisis Group's International Advisory Council comprises major individual and corporate donors who contribute
their advice and experience to Crisis Group on a regular basis.
Rita E. Hauser (Chair)
Elliott F. Kulick (Deputy Chair)
Marc Abramowitz
Anglo American PLC
APCO Worldwide Inc.
Ed Bachrach
Patrick E. Benzie
Stanley M. Bergman and
Edward J. Bergman
BHP Billiton
Harry Bookey and Pamela
Bass-Bookey
Carso Foundation
John Chapman Chester
Chevron
Citigroup
Companhia Vale do Rio Doce
Richard H. Cooper
Credit Suisse
John Ehara
Equinox Partners
Konrad Fischer
Alan Griffiths
Charlotte and Fred Hubbell
Iara Lee & George Gund III
Foundation
Khaled Juffali
George Kellner
Shiv Vikram Khemka
Scott J. Lawlor
George Loening
McKinsey & Company
Najib A. Mikati
Donald Pels
PT Newmont Pacific Nusantara
(Mr. Robert Humberson)
Michael L. Riordan
Tilleke & Gibbins
Baron Guy Ullens de
Schooten
VIVATrust
Stanley Weiss
Westfield Group
Woodside Energy Ltd
Don Xia
Yapi Merkezi Construction
and Industry Inc.
Yasuyo Yamazaki
Shinji Yazaki
Sunny Yoon
SENIOR ADVISERS
Crisis Group's Senior Advisers are former Board Members (not presently holding national government executive office)
who maintain an association with Crisis Group, and whose advice and support are called on from time to time.
Martti Ahtisaari
(Chairman Emeritus)
Diego Arria
Paddy Ashdown
Zainab Bangura
Christoph Bertram
Jorge Castaneda
Alain Destexhe
Marika Fahlen
Stanley Fischer
Malcolm Fraser
Bronislaw Geremek
I.K Gujral
Max Jakobson
Todung Mulya
Lubis
Allan J. MacEachen
Barbara McDougall
Matthew McHugh
George J. Mitchell
(Chairman Emeritus)
Surin Pitsuwan
Cyril Ramaphosa
George Robertson
Michel Rocard
Volker Ruehe
Mohamed Sahnoun
Salim A. Salim
William Taylor
Leo Tindemans
Ed van Thijn
Shirley Williams
Grigory Yavlinski
Uta Zap
 

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