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Nepal's Election and Beyond International Crisis Group 2008-04-02

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TF?RR^'   fR   TRg"   RRTR   tRr?   W    TTRTRT   TNRRRT
fRtrrf rtr "rrrt" Rr "rrTf^rT rrr rfrRftt" r
RTRR t\^3 fR RRTR RTRT *?l^ RRR r|?RR*T
3RRTR TR*R FT*T "5T T FRfFTTT TTRR RTrfR RRTR
TT5R dRdHd" FTRR FR*T ^ I TTFR*? RTRRRf TNRRRT
RtR *?l ""RRfR RFfRf y>dld-d" RlVdT R^ TRR*T
RR*t FRRTfR T RTRR^RRR "RfRR R#T TTR*? FTRf
RR RdTR t?T*T "5TI
RTRffRR*? RRR R? RRR fRF¥*T RTRT TTTR RRR W\^\
^Rl fdRd" RtfR RTRR RffR FR RfRf |l RF*T W
RRTRRRT fdRTRR W\^\ T fffRR RRfFTRf RTRT RFdT FRR
RTF RffiTRTR RFTR*? fdf?RRR RTRfRT W^ RR SIR
RR ^f^ RR*T W *|i?*d?^^ T RTfRR RFIlRl*l*l
T%R RtRfF^Rt RRRfRT RR Rft RRfR RTTJRRT
RTSRR RFRT -SR fRFTfRT ^t RRRT RR RR RTRR
^RdTTT*T^RI
RRR?? RRfFRR RRT  JTfi*l  RTRfRT*T  RRRR  ft  *? I
RTRfffRRSf ft RR RF d^^,d   HR?*I RR RRRR ?&£\
RRffRfTS wi\   FRR Rd?fd RRRTrRFR RR |RF?RT
il^^l  RFTR RTRfRT  ^d   R*f*T ^1    RfRRTR  C\\3^
^\) RTRffRT Yd ^f% ^ RTRT, YY RR ^o R RfRRT
RR JJ)i*l Wi\   FR RTRRTRT ttrrT sft RR tRR *? I ^?
RR*? ffRTTR, RRRT (RRTRfT) RT RTRffRRfRfRT RRF¥*T
RIRR   *?l    RTRTfTfTfR   RTRfffRfTRf   RTTT   RRT   ^\
"5T | ^v    FRR   fRRfRRRRRR   "RR   rRr*T   RTRfffRfTcRT
<H^F«I fffRtRRRT RRTRfT*" ^ I   RTRFRfT RTRfffRfTcRT
dd   RR fRR,   IS^   RR RRRTfR T   ^   RR RR? Wi\
FRTR T RRfFRR ^RRRR RffRT RTRfRT RRFRR Wi\
RRR fRRRTRT   R\o   fRdRSR ff FT^fR   ^   RT RT
RffR -5FR*T Wi\ ^ FTRSR ftRRRTTf ^^ RR ff?F*T
-§T  RFTRTd"  RdTF?R  fRR TRRRR  RRRR  RR   *? |     d^
Rrr t ^is Rd?fd rrr rrTf?rr fr rr rr RfFR
RRRRT RTRR -fRR;|^5 RRTRfRT Y^ RR RfFR
RTRfffR  Ji|LJ*|  W   RTRRT RRRfRT "RRTR RTRTR RfFR
"RRTT T RTTTRT RTTT RRRTT I
" H*ll^+I To RR ^4-ikc<|< TTT5T ^o RfRRT RfRRT ^Tl ^
WK RFRRTR R% R^" VO rTrt T 1^1 WW RritRTTT VI R^"
«.o Rfer ^T I RTT TfRRfRrRRt fTTRRT t_^Ff Dipendra Tamang,
"Youth Representation In CA", The Rising Nepal, To TTIR 'iOOC, |
,Y Vi< RTT RFRRTR ?o RTRRT RT ^jifi+l, 1o<| iRf RFilRRT
^l)flYo RTRT T^OTIT RFilRRT V1)%^ RTRT ^Tl
^ fTTTR RtFRRT RRRR r!" RTtRRt W^ ? td^RTT I
" "1^ Rrw t ^^ ^Trr ttRrt rfttrrt; jy^r\ wvf v/5/*/, ^v
RR ^oor; |
 WTMWt WWW Z R/WVRT WWZ
■*>i$fdd wt tfzrw fzrf^ w. iy% ? zrffcr ?°°z
FR bR I  RRt R=? "RlfR RFrRf ffRftR "RRFTT F? I
W
RRRT fRTfTcRT RRjRRR RTRffRfTS RSRR TTR ^TR >dld*l
sRJ RTTFTRRR RTRT, RRRT RRRfRRRT RRTRR R% RR
Rff RTRTRT JilLi*) *? T fRRR RfFR Wv\ FR FR?I
R.R.TTT.R.R RRR fRR?RRRRT RRFRT ^.Y RSR RR RR
RR RfFR RRfRT "5TRJ RfRTRR HldT*l ClS RSR RR T
RRR RRrRtrtt RRTRRR d°3 RSR R?R RR RR R?FR
RfRffR-gRTI
dHMTTI ft fRfTS RT, RR) RRJfTS RRRR? T ffRRRR? Rft
ff RTR "RRTR ffRFRR *?RJ RTRRR? TfFRT RRTRfT,
FRRT, RRRR?, RRffRT T RRRT (RTR) RR R¥ %fT TTTR
fRF¥ RR3RJ "ffRTRRR? fRF?RT RRR *lfiiil (RRRT
R*T RTRRTTf TTRNRfT RR?), TNTRfT T fffRR RRRT
fRF¥ FR€TR, Rt RRRR RFRR? ffRR FRJ RRRFR
fRfTfRTTf RTf ffRRRR rRT RRRTR FR R?*R? — ft
RTRRTRT FRTR T RRfRRR RSRRR? RRfRR fRR RfR
RRRffRRRffTS rRtbRTI
RTR fRFTRT RRFFRR RRR RRF¥ fR "SR? RRlffRRRR
Rd?Rd FR TTRR Rft RrdR RRTRR R^? TFTRyRJ RT
JdTi?^ RR R'HdTTI <HI=Rr|R* TRR *?cH4^ ^ RlP*fIJ^d,
T RR fffRR R%?R fRRR RtxT fRRR *?RJ RdTF¥R
RRR Rdffd RRRTTRRTFTRR RTRR RTRfRTRTf RRFR
ffRR?*T RlfR RdT TRR rRRr ^Wi (^TRfRRJ ffR? FRR
RjTR? ^nT**^ RTR? RRTRR RF*T TRRR TRRRR -RTRR
RRT TRTRR FR?I )^ RdT RRF¥R RTRR? RRRRR ffRT
fR RFRR RRFT rR TRRFT *ld"*d? T RRffRfTRT
RRRTTf TRRRT TR? RfT-§T I
RRRRRR RFRR? FRRTRT RTRT RTRR RfT ^TrRTfRfTRR
RTRffTft FTR? fRF*T *? (RRfTRRR RTRT, RRf RRR
R&RR RTSTTT^RT fRRTRR RRR) RT TRf RRRRR R?f FR
RTRTRTTf? W RTRTRTTR RR RRRRRR RTRT ft RRR
RTRt fff? T RRR RRRFRR RR TFfRfT "rRtTRF RFTR
W  ^TjRf "Election Report No. 1", UNMIN, Kathmandu, 22 March 2008,
www.unmin.org.np/downloads/publications/2008-03-22-UNMIN.
Election.ReportT.ENG.pdf.
,q rRb" ^tfTRT7 RRT RTRRRT RRR RrRrft RRJRiR RRRT
RFfTTRTT ^6IH+I ^Tl ^lf?i"l+l RfR RRRTT? RSRR TRJR
R&RT OTTR ttir%% RfRT ReRT A^l RT %IH<dlf RcRTR? ^ Rt
^TRR RTRTTRT RT RtRrRT RRT R.#.Ri I RRRT TTRR RRR
TRTRTR RfR RTRTR RTRT ^fRRTTR RTTTRRT RRJTRT I
dMlM*T RTfR RTRR Rift I ^ RRR RRRTf RIRTRTTr
RRTRR fF? RRTR? RTR? RRTRR RR~ <J|J)*I RRFRR *?RJ
RRTRfRT Rff R7 RRRR Wi FR" ^RRRR RTRT RRRfRR
RTR? FRRT RffRR ^*dHd fRR? T "rRtRTRRRTRR RtR?RR
RTdTR RRRR RTRT RffR RRfFT RtRRRRRT RRR RFRRR
RR RffffRR Tmt RfTT RRTRR ffRf-JfR RRRRT fR? I ?°
FRRTR RFR RRRR RR~ fRRR RTRf^T RTRTRfTR FRRTRtf
Rlffft fRRR RTR ffFRR RTRR RRR*? W FRTR
RlRTfrffTRR rRtrRT RRT Tff"R? RR ffTR "RfRTR fRR
ffFRR RRT f?| RT FRTRR RTRt RFTRR R=? RP*flJd*l
RSfff RTR FRRR RTTTRR TTR? R^ RR Rk-HRl%llil^ RRR
RTRR*? I RRTRR RTRt RRTRR*? fffRR FTRR ^ RfRRRT
TRRR RRF?RTtR R W%*T W RT ^RRTR? dHJ)cd*T
RRR RR RRRRT fR TTRRR W^ FRRTR RlRtRfTfR
RTR*R?R RTRR RTRRRRrrff RTRRR RFTR; RRT fRT RTR?
dMlM*T RTRIddHI^ RR il^*T FR TTRT? I TTTRT FRRTR
dHJ)cd r^? ^-*k jRhR? tj*itj* R%*T Q*\M\£ RTR")o||4?*I
RRffRTRR TRR %Rtt*T RfR I
RRR? RRFTS TTRRT <dT*dlPd* RRR? RR ^^ ^ RRTR
FR RT FR RRfRR RiRtRTR ffRTTRR RT I RFT Rdffd
RRR R%?R TTRRRRRR fRRRSI? '^ RRRR RTT RRT
RffRRT RRRRR RRRR RR~ RdTF¥ RFFR FR TTRRFI
RfRTRR RdT T R.RTR.R.R RRRR RTR RRTRR RT, RT
fRR?FTfRT RR RRRT RRRT RRRfRRRT RRTR RRTRRR
TTTRRRFRI RR ffRTRRR RRTF^RTf fR% RTR RRTJRbT |
fflffRfTS   R%TRT   ^o    rrt   RR   fRd   RtRR   RRRR
-RTTRJ_RTJ      RR*?    RRRf    Ft    ft   R^RT    yRRRl^^    IPs?!
i^^*\ RRRTd" RffffR |R5TR I ^ TNTRfT fRF¥ TTRR T
TTRRR RTRffR RRFRR W*% FT TTRR (RRRT) ?RR RR
R%TRR RRTRR? |R5T I
R)    ^«H^++I mRr)^^
3m R"fl#l RR RRRt? RRf FRT RR RFR?R; RT
iNdTR* RRTfTRT RRf R=? RTRTR T TTRRR RR RRTR
" ^i^lljiui+l   Wff\ ^tRTT   (RRRTTT)   R RRfR RRTTR  <HI<RlPl+
RTRt  RfRTR7?! ^mt RTRRRRT   rrfft RRTRR  RiRT ^ft^l  TRT I
"Prachanda says 'nationalists' and republicans should join forces in polls",
nepalnews.com, c; RfR ROOC, |
,0 ^m RpR RF?TTRT% RRTTT ■Hi+K+I  ^RTRT RRT RTRRRRT
R^tR RTRt ^1   RT Rt RRRt RRRR T RRrRr ^RRRRT fRR
WT ^R|
" RTRRT RTRR RRRTRf, TRR T 7Fn^fTRTRRT R^RTT A^l T RtwT
no
W^H +l4~+df, rN" Rooc I 2R v^M + ld+l wfR td^Rf "UML
chief rules out possibility of alliance with Maoists at the centre",
nepalnews.com, ^> RR ROOC, |
,:* RR^RTRT W^ ? _gi^ Prashant Jha, "Murkier and murkier", Nepali
Times, ^1  RR ROOt^ |
 J1M#I WWW Z riHW^I WWZ
■frljfdd wt tfzrw fzrf^ W.  1Y% ? 3tf$w fooz-
RdTfTRR "RfT RRR *? I fRRTT^ RRT RFRR RRR RTfRRT
RfTfTfRR RTR? "RfT %fT •HI-'ll-HI fdFTRR *? I %fT RJR
ffTRTRT RRRRR RTRT RRTR d-dd*l TfRR sR; r?t
RTR5TI TTTdTTRir TTR RRR R-dR+T TRRRTRR RRRRRTRFTRd
m^E RRR RTRR RRR RFR TTRR R^FRRf I R-dR+T
RTRRTR TRRT RR  RRTRR RR RRR RR~ T TRRTR Ff
NO ON '
RdfRfRR RRRRt RTR R^Rd RFR tfR RRR FR" TTRR?
RtFR I RT FF? RTR 3)<H-df_*l RRTR TRRRT ffRR RfRR
fR R RRf RfRRT FR TTRTRR "tf I
no N3 no '
<jyi<*llWW I RRRRFf? ff RfTfRR ifRTTR RRR RSRRR
RRTRRTRRT RTRRff? RRTTJRRR RtR fR T RRTfRfTRR
NO NO
RfRffRjRTf RFRRRRFR -gfR RRRRfRR *?RJ
TTRRRTSRRR iNdIR* fRRR RTRffRfTRR "RR*? ff#TRR
TfTRR Wi FR?? RTRTRT JilJd RTR ^^t *W<HI^ RRfT
RTRRR TIFT iNdlfd* RRRTf RTRR RfRRT -ddlJd T
BRTFRT RR RRRRR RfRR RTRR bRJ RTR RRRR FRRTR
Tf^R? T RRRfRR TdTFTflRT" RFTR R%*T *? (TR i^^^,
*? RRTRR RdTF¥*T fFRR rRT RfRR RfR*7*? RfFR) I
<Jldl*l Rd«ld-dld RRTRR RRRfRRfR RdTfRRT RTRR
TfRTRR RfR TRTIR *?RRRT T R-dd?d? RRRRRfTS RTTTFRR
Wi\ <Ti*li RdPdd TfURt T dRlRMdH rR hR<?FR«I RR
RRRRT -RTfRTfRRRT RfRR RTRR bRJ RT RRR RR RRR
TRRRR RTRTRfT*? RRfRR RTRRR RR?F¥*T RtRRRTR
RR RRRfR <H|J)*1 *? I RTR RfT, fRR? RRRR RRRRSRRR
FR? RffRR iNdlfd* RRRT RRRT TRfRR RRT RR RSR
RTRR W fRR RRRR RRTRRR RRRRTSRRR RRTfTfTRR
^^t RRFRTf RFR RRfT RR RTRR Wi FR" RTf 7^7
ffRRRf? RRTR? RRfRRfRf RTR ffrfTTRR Wi I
TTRRR RffRRR RffRRRT RfRRR*RT?R RRTRRR RTR
ffgRRR -ddlJd T RRRTRRT "RRTRT RRR FR TTRRRSRR
TfR" RfR fR "RRRR ^?RRJ RRRRTRRT fTRtfdR RTTRTRR
fRFR Hl^d-dld "fR RTRR Wi\ ^^^ RffRRRR
RRRTTRRR tfRf TTTfRRTRTf ffT R R%TRT RRR TvtZR
Wv\ f*~ F TffR RFTR ffFRR ^RRJ RRTRRR RRTR
RRRRTSRRR ( . RTR Root ffrf RTF RF*T) RTfRTRfR^
RRRRFRR*? I RTR? RTRRTJffR RRR RT RRR*? %R RRR
RRR RR RRjfRRTR RR£T | -R7RRRTSRRR TRR T
RRRRRRR ffRffdR RRrfRR RRRTR FR RR RtRRRR W3\
TFRRR RRfRR Rtfff R=? Tlf*Tf*T "|r I
" "RilRRSRRRf RIRRrRrT RrtRRt RR it RRRRRR RRR
Rdfdd RTRtRT r£T RTRt RRTR RTRRrRrTRT RRT RR ft I Rf
RRRRTfRT www.election.gov.np/NP/ electioncode/index.php R RTRsR
^1 RRRt RTTTTTRR RRRR RTRIRRT RfR l^tR www.
nepalmonitor.com/2008/02/ecs_nepal_media_code_ of_conduct_during_ca_
elections-print.html.
HMlR* W^TI RTFRR RFTR ffRFRR T F*RR?R RR RF?
R? RffRT RfR TRRRR T RRRRTR? TFR RR RTRRRTf RRRR
RRTfTS T-RRRT RfRRJ "FTRR RRFTRRf RFRFR RTTf
RfFR*? RTRT ^"RFRR fR rRF?RTTI fTRR TRR? RRTRt
RT R R RRRRfRR fT^R? R R "RlpR fffRT R RFTff
RrjZRf',^ FR RRRT RR I dMlR* RRTR*? TTffRRRT Rff
"RiRf RffRT RRff ^^ ^it, RT RdlfR? FRRRRt RFRR T
RrTf?R?R "RRRR dldldldl TFRR RTRRRf? fRRRT F?fR I
ft RTRRRfRRRT RTR T Rdffd RRf RfRTRR (RRRR TfR
fff?R) fRRR RRRJ TF*T *? I RfT RR RRF¥
RRffRR*? RRTR RRRR Wi\ ^? F RRTRR RRR ^3&H
Wi\ RfTFTRRR RTRT, RRRRR "pTR RRR? RRfRRR
RRRR "5FTI RRfR, RrRr RRTRRR RRRRFT? ^^^
RRR RTRRTRFR RRR R=? T "RTRR rRtRTRR Rt*T RRR
fTTF¥ RR RR RRfRfRT^" RRR RRfR W fRFTRR
RfFRRd" RTR RRTT fRT fRR RRRT RRFRR ft RR
RRRRR RTRR "5FTI RTRTRfT RTR RTRR RRR RRFRR
RrRtRRTf RRTRRR R=? fRfR ffRFRR *? I
"ET)    vJM^Tb «(l<il««ul?
RRTRRR RlfR RRT RFRR RTFFTR -RRRTRRR RRR RRTT
FR RRTR RfRRR*? RRR T "RRfR? FR? RRR ^{ TRf
RtR ft%F*f w.[\ Rft RRRT RRTRR RR F*R/d FRRR TdR
RRfFRR RTFR ft RRFT? RTRRRR RRTRRR fRfR RRT
RFRR Wi\ RffR d R R?R TTTR TTRR??RR fRRR RRfTfRT
TRRTR T RfRR RRR RRRTR RRTJRRTf ^^t TfRTRR
-RffR ffRR T Rdd+Td RR RRRR ^ FTRRR TRRR ^
fR Rf TTT^TTR FTRR t?TRR fRT|w RfR RRFRR
FRfRR yR-d^dl "RfFTTR RTF FTT "FTRR? "bRt RR ffFRRR
RRRfR fTfTF*? *? I
RRR*? fRRTRRTR R? >ddl*l FTR RfRRRR *? I rTrsr FR
RR 4**1 T#R RRRRRR RTRffR "5R RR RtfR RR
RRTRfTl^ R\ RTRR ffRdRRTRR FTJdT RfrRfRT RR
ffRRd |R ff >ddl*l ^J RRI RR RR R^4dd*l RTRt
RRRT ffRRR RTR?R PU-ifdlfl fRTRR *? I RRTR RRT-
RRRRT RTRRR RRRRrRrRt fRft RJR RTRRR RFRR
Wi\   TTRRRR RSRR RRrRTRRRT TTRRT fdRR RTRR Wi
,Y RTRRT RTRR RRTRff, RTrRr RRTRRT A^l, +16*11^!', f ? RR
NO
Rooc |
« Rtf   #£   RF5TTRIRT   RRTRTRR   RRRR   RdRfT   fRFR  ^RTRR
RTR^T    ^: www.unmin.org.np/downloads/keydocs/2008-04-01-10.
Point. Agreement.NCUML.CPNM.ENG.pdf.
" RTRRRT RRTRrSRRR RRFRR RTRRfTTFRRt IrRFffR RTT RfR
SRTR  fRTRT   ^Tl    Rl   RR  WW^\  RfR^T  RFRRR   E^RR, "TfR
RRRFR RTR RRFRRR? frRT', ^tfvfkw,^ RR Root^ |
 J1M#I WWW Z riHW^I WWZ
■frljfdd wt tfzrw fzrf^ W.  1Y% ? 3tf$w fooz-
is
"R? RRR flfR, RS: Ft" I ^ RTRTRfT RRF?R RRTfRTf
*lPd*li) "IRRRTRRR RTRT R%?R RR*t "R"£" *? R*T
RTR RF*? RRFRR Wi\ ^ Tff"R? T fff"RT RTRfRfRRRTRfT
"RTRW T RRf RRRFRT RRTRRR RRTR RRRFR FR TTRR
RRTJf FRT, fFR T RRRRRRR ffRR TTTRT *?RJ ^
RtRRRR "JfR "ffTRRFTT TTTRR RRTR RRTRfTfTfRlRt RRt*?
W RdTF?R TRRFf? TNTRfT fRRR RRTR "RRT RtfR T
R%TRR *|if*d?TTlfR Hd*Hd* RTRRR RT*T RR *? I
yRRid RT FRTRRR RTRR TfRR RTRfRRrRRT TTfSR
fRTRR RRfR R? TTTR? RRRRRR RRR R1RRTRFR
Jwl#d*l %<3 RFTRR RdRRR RlfR RRTRfTRf RRtIRT
RFTRfT*T *?lv° fdfRdRR RTR RRRR RRFTRRR RdR
FR RFRR Wi\ ^^TTRR RRF?Rt RTRRRR RTRR FR
RdTF¥*T RRR*RFRf RR? R=? RRRTF*? FR TTRT?I TTR
RTR fRFTRT RifRt RRT RfRRR T RRfR RRR RTRR
RR TTfSRRTf RRfRR ^ RTRR RRFRR "5TRJ ffFRR
RTR RR RRTRR RR RTR TTRfR RRfffRfTRR TTTRT ^
T -Hd<fldlvHI^ RRRTJR ^^\ TRR RRR 7\^ RR3RJ
TTRRRR RSRRRR "RRR, "TTRR RRFT TTTRT fff TTRR?
Wi TRRR TTR RRR TTTRTRR RTRT R-RTRR? fRRR ^
RRfRR TR?R"l^
RfRffRfTS, fRRRR fRRR RRR*R%T5 T RfffRR -IffdFRR
RRRftF?R <H^Rr«I RR TfRR RFF|rRbT I RT
RRRRTRRTf fRfR RRRR FF? rRt*" 8f# RRTTT? I
dil^*l ft fRRRR RfT RTRffRfrs ^rt TTRR RfTR
"tf I RRR RRffR? FfR "Rft RffR "3RJ TRTRFT RRRRfRR
RfR*TftF¥*t RdHP^R'd RfTR TTRRR RRF*? fTT*? RJTf
TFfl RTR? RfTRTR RRf T TTTRT RRTRRf? ffRTf
FRTRRFR FF? TTRT? I v^ RRT?Rr RRIFT5R RF%RT fRRRR?
w RRRRR RTRR RRTRM, RTR RSRR RRRRRRR< RRT, RT^fRR,
IV RfR Root^ |
,q RRfR? RRTR TRRRRt RFTR, *)fd"_i, f ^ RTR Root^ | R^TT
(RRfRFfT) % RfRR RTRRRfRT RtfR RRR TTTRt RI-dR+
fRRRrRRR RRRt <r+Rld fRRIRRT RRRT fe^ TR&TR RTRR ^Tl
TRRRT RTRT RSR d4l(?<? fRPTRRffRR ^R iN-flfd* T ^RrftR
Wftft, RfftRR RRTtT, RRRfRR RRftT, RTRRRRT wfR RRftT I RRR
RtTRtR, 'RTRRFTRRPRt RRR T RR d^l{l+l RR', RRR (RFRTRTR))
' NO '
TR/Rra7 fRRTR, ^ooc; |
^ ^l£i"l+l  RfR t_RR, "OHCHR-Nepal calls on political actors to
ensure respect for human rights in CA elections", Office of the High
Commissioner for Human Rights in Nepal, RR fRRTT, +l6*H^f, f V Rff
ROOC |
YO RRRRR RTRR RRTRM, RRfR TRTRtR, RRTR, ^1  Tfrf Root^ |
RTRRrRr    fRFR    ^RFTTRT    (RRR    RFTRT    RTR)    RTR5R    ^
www.election.gov.np/NP/electioncodeAndex.php.
V1 RRRRR RRRR RRTRlf,RR6RT^, IV RFf Root^ |
no
^ ^lf?i"l+l RRf, IrRfRRt RTT ^tRRT RRTRR ^fTFT (DEAN) %
dilf+l  ^3 Rdfdd  RRF?7 WV^ T^RT T Rf Rdfdd  RRFT7 (RR
RRTR RfRRR RTRTRRT RRRT*? ff SIR RRTJR RRRR
RRfR? ffFRR Wi I V?
Rdd*l RR RRTRR ^o ffRRRRRT R7!? W( TfR*? RfR?
(RfBRTTt RRTRR R ^ ^ RRRR Wt RRRR RfR?) I fT R
3tRR_R RR Rff RT RR RRfRT WTf RR*T TRRR 1^
-rRtRTRTTRTRR ^nfdRRRTTf RdTJT?l RR RTTRR RRRT
RRffTRRR RRR R RtRtR rRR*R RFFT RRR TRTR RRT
RRf FR TTRT?I RTRRFRRFTTR -H^^l "STTT RRT
t||*£|4.=61d R RT%?| RRTR RRR TTRfRR RRR RRR T
RT7RRfT*T (RT%TTRRFT RTf fRRR RF?) fTRRTR Rff ft
RRfRT fdld*l fff ft RTR TTRT?R;i RRfR W^ RFFT
RRRR fRRRR RRR RRT R«K I RRfR T "RRfR*? RfRT "fR
fk WKM RTR RRRTRRffd" RR fTTJR FRTR RRR?
RRfRRRR Wt RdR TTRT?I RfTfTR^ ^^ RFRtRRT FR
RFFT RRTRfTRf RTR RRR TTRT? I R*?Ri ft RRF¥
Rlf-RR R <iF^ ^m FR RR*RVV t FRift RfTf¥*T RR
RRfRT RRTRRR RRTRRR RRt FR TTRT? I v*
~Wm ^f3I_f "M^l RRfRR ft RRfR RRf RtfR RRR
ffFRR -yRTI RdTFTfRT RillcH* RFRRR RRTRR RTRR RF?
"bFTI RT RdTfTS TTRRRR TRR FfFTRRRT RR FJRRFRR
"bFTI FRTfFTTTRd" ^M RTfRR RfRRRR Wi T R%¥
RRRRR RTRT RTRT "5RI   RffRR?R fRRRF?RT RT RRR
NO NO '       -V,
RFf? ^\ TlfRRTRR T "RRTRTRTd" W3\ fRRRR RRfRR
FRRT RRR TTRFRTf ffFR RTRt TTRTRt |R "^RI v5 RFT
TRRfTRT   -RRRTRRR   RtR   ffFRR    RT   rR    RtRdRR?
X X RRRR X) R fRRRR RRRRRfT7 RTRrfRR RFTRRf T RTR
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RRRRR RRRR RRRdf RRRRR RTF, DEAN, ^ f RIR ^ ooc, \
Y7i R^ T^TRRTRRT wfR t^Ff "Public safety and policing in Nepal: an
analysis of public attitudes towards community safety and policing across
Nepal", Saferworld, RRRR "ROOC,, www.saferworld.org.uk/ images/
pubdocs/Policing_in_ Nepal_English.pdf.
YY RRFRRT "RtfR, -PW^t RfwIfRT RTR RRRR ^.OOO RRTTRT
RlfFT RTRFT (RTRRtT RTR R? Rl^R RTRFT) RTTF^t *ld4M R7?
RRRFT I "25,000 to miss polls in Myagdi", The Himalayan Times'^
RR \OOtz, I
'A <\X  RfFRT  ~<00^  TTT  f c;  R«f RRRRt RfR RfFrT FFR RTT^RI
t_FfR RRRf ?R (f ) I
Y5 RTRfRRRTTT F/l RFTRfRR T RRR RRFRT ilfdfdlRRT RR ^
RRRt RRR RRR% fRRRt ^ I R<ft RRRT^ItR fRgTTRT RRT RR<
RRRR RFRf RTR RR RRRf ^ I fRRT T RRRTRRT ff) RR?RRt
RR ^ Rf %RlR RTRRR %R I TRRR, RTTfRlR Rr^RRRT RTRRT
RRRRR R|R RT7^ I RR RRRRTRT ~^A F_FFf "India won't tolerate
activities that can affect polls: Indian envoy", nepalnews.com, 1^; RTR
■\OOtz, I
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■frljfdd wt tfzrw fzrf^ W.  1Y% ? 3tf$w fooz-
RRfRRRT TR?TRTRR?*T "RRR ^^ RffRfTT | vls trR RTR RR
"RTpR RR RTtR?R?R RRT TTRRR RRRR dld?*l RTRT RTRR
RRR "RRffRfRTTf R<\ RTRTR fR_T Rr%lvc; RdTfTfRT
RRTfRR RRTR RSTRRR ^ RRT R?RT*? fRR I RT RR?R
RTTR RRT RffRRR RRfR R\ TRRTR RTRRTR RdTfTfRR
"RR~ RR RRTRRR RRRR ^:stT3^ RRTT | R%?R RRf RtfR
RRT?RJ Rdffd RfRRRftRlRr RTRRR RFRR TfRR RRR
-RTRR TRR fTRR RRRTT? T Rf%RRffF¥R RRTR*? ^m
WfR TTR3RJ RT R%¥R RRRRlf Ft" RtfR TTRR
TRRRR RR "^R I iNdlfd* R^R RFRR RRR RTTfRfR
ft RRTTR RRfR RR RTRt RfTRRR RRfR RRTR TfRSTR;
R RdTfT? RTR RtfRRT RRRR FR RR3RJ
•Hl4)<=il<fl I TTTRTRfRT RRTRR "RR ft Wt "rRTJfRR; RR
RR ff SIR RFRR RRTR R%TfRT RRfRR RlfR fTfTFRR
RTRTF RfR RRR RRf*? I TTTRTRflFTfRTTf RTRRT fTR RTR?
RRtR RdTF¥R RFRF RRR RRf TRpR tr? RRRR J|deH_
RR %fRf RTRfT TTTRT sRJ RTRTRflR RRfRR RfT
ffRRRlff rr% RTRRR RTTTTRRRR w] RfR *? I RRFFTT
RRR TJTRRRR RtfR TTRT?R; RT RR? Rf? TffR t fffRR
RR?F¥*T ffRRRRR RR?I Rd?fd RffRRTTf RRR
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RTRt TRRlffR TTTRRRR RRfT*? RRTR RT RR Wty^t
RTR? TfRR FFR ^Rf^d I
<MI4I<0 I fTRR RfRRRR TTRR?fRRF^ RRTRflR RRt R^R
TfR RR WF^ RRRT?R) "RRTR FR? RRf RtfR RRRR
RfR", RTdRRRRR? RR TNRRR RR TTTRFIfT RRR
RRIV,> RT TNTRR TTFTRRfR TTR ft RRFRRRTRt TftdT
TTRTRTRT RRf RFRR RR Tf?*F? RffRR; T RdTfTfR R?
RffRT TfRR RRfRR Rb^ r^T "RfT RTRR *?RJ RRR RFFT
TTRRRRR RRTRFT RFRR fTfTfRT RfRR RFTRR RTf%R *? I
^t RfTRT TTRTRfTRR RlfR fRRTRR ffff ftl RRTRfT
RRTfTS fTRRR RfRR RRTfRR RRRT?R) RdTfTRT
TTRTRflF¥R ^rR?T FRRRTTRRRR fFR RRRTR RRR
RRTF*? ffRFRR "RRR RTRR RTF*? fTR fR RTRR
bRJ *° RT RR RRf fffRT fffRR RTRRR ttrrr %R?
-_r | ttr RR iNdIR* ff#T*R RR, "TTRRT % tr? RRgR
T? RRR %FT RJR RR RfRRTR HdlJd <H*rll'T RTS
TfRTRR RRf TfR tr?, RRTRR »j.*|Jd R RRTRR*? RRfR
w fRRTT RTRR T "RRTRwIR TRRR, No talks wilh armed groups before
pofts:PM',TheKathmanduPost,<\0 Rrf 'iOOC, |
Yq 'RRR RTRRfi RTRf RRR RRTRfT", dfcwVW, ^ RfR Root^y
RRR) R?R/ dl^ild", RRR RRt RTRtRRR RfRf (RRRRT R.R.R.Rf.
NO ^ ' NO ^ V NO
(Rf?R T ^RTR RRR)) RRT RRt RFTTFT7 RrfRRRRT RRFF?7 RtF I
v% RliRl'H RRRR RRTRlf,RRSRI^, 1 i, Rff 'iooc, \
NO
*° RRRRR RRfRRTRt RTRRRTR RTRf RFTR, 'H RTR" Rooc, |
RRRRR RRRR RRTRlf, RTRRR R_Rt, TV RR~ 'iooc, \
JilJd iJ*cdH_ RT R? fR RR fTRT RRRRlf ffRR
RRfRl"n
3RR d^tjH ffFRR RRTRR RfRTf fRFT RTR iNdIR*
fTRT TfRR RRRR RRR RRTR fRR I RRR? RRfRR R
FFFRRf RTTTRR FF?To RR RRtR RtfR FF? RdTF?R
RRTR TfR tr? 7TRT?r;| RR? FTTR RTRt ffRff RT
RT3TtRfT*T RR?? Rgf rtttr T RR?F¥R -RTRR RTTT sffRR?
TF? RRR fTRFRT RRRT RRTR TTRT? I RRRT RtRRlRRR
rrrT RTRRR TTfTRFTfRT RFTR? RfTRFTfRR fRR TfRR
RF*? RTJR TTRT?R; RT RRf RRTR fTTR T# RffTTRRRR
RR?F?R RRR RtfR RRSR *? I fR RRR TfR s?lfdl<d W^t
fTtfRR R ci|c|^|i|c£lA| *KU|^ RTR ffffR RRTRT RR *?
RT RRfRd RTfRTTRRfTfRT fR RR R*TTRR "RfFRRRRR
dPcdl^ RRf RRT "RR? RTfRR TRR JHdld tr? ild-d^-i;!
RFRRR RTRR R-ddfdf, +16*11^!',Rff Root^ |
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■frljfdd wt tfzrw /?W W.  1Y%  ? 3tf$w fooz-
3. M^H
RRR Rf?RR T RtFR? RdR TRTRRtRTR fRRfRRRR -RfTR
RRfRR R? fdf?RR RRRT? RFTRRRT RfRTRR T^ I ^^ RRR
RtRRR RRRd RRR fRf?RRRRRR RRRRfTRT
TRfRRRRTRR R\o RfTRRTf "FTf T "RRRRfRR "FTRR
RRRf fRTR TJ_RRRRRt 33*. RRFTlf *?TR§RTI R-dR+T
RpRRTfRR Rt< RR TTfTRFTfTTlf TTFfRrRRR RRRRR
RRgri1^ fR ^oq Rrd" TTTRT "FRRFRRT RRR *? (ffFRRR
RdfRd RRf*? Ro1^ fRdRRT ft RR *?) I RTTfRd" RfRT
yRRRlcd*) RR T "RRTRRFTR RRdTRRRlf fffFTR RFTRRR
RRTR RTR? fffRR fR RTRR Ftl RRRR RTRt ^ISCC 3TtR
RRffRf RRffTT Wi V^tt %RTT TTRffrf. -RRTRTdRRR RR
RRgTRTRRT Ro,tt^ RTR RRF¥ FRSRI
RRR RtffRR R5R TTTR *? | RRR Rf?RR RRR RRR
Wt FRTR RfRfRTR RRF? I RRR RtRRRRR RJRR R\o
RFdT f^tZ^t RTRT W 3RR RRFTTRTd" 3^Y RR
RRffRfTS TfR RFRR T?RI KY TTRRRrRTR rRtTRRRR RTRT
RrfT WfF R RR_r trr Rd?fd RRRR TRR F/F?| t^
RRTR?RRTfR RRTTRF¥R fRRTf Wt ffRSRTI FfR fRR
RRRR  3Y   RTR RTJRR TFR fR? RRFRR FR^FTI ** RR
" RRfRTRFR7?)) RSR TRRRRRFTRT RrRfT RTRfR Rr ^o$3,
Rdfdd (RRRR T RRTR) RR ^o$ 3,RfRRFTRRT RRTRRf RRFRT Rr
^o^V, ♦Jd'JMI RR)RFRrR) RR ^0^3, M-=H RfRRTRFR7^))
fRRRfR-R) ^o^^jRTRRRRR RRTTR RR ^o^V.RRRTRR ~^t ^tt
(RRfRR   RRFRRRR   TffRr)    fRRR    ^0^3    t   RfRRFTRRT    ■HR^T+i
RrRtrrfr7?)) Rrr ^o$v rt Rrt RRr fftf rrt fRRRtRTFT7
RRfRI tffW fRRFfFT7 (RfRRTR RRRTR T RRRRRR RRfRT
RRTRTR) RfRfRR RTRfRRt RRRfRT www.election.gov.np R ^1<r|sR
WD RrRfTRFR7^)) RFTR? oRRTRTRt RR www.nepal
electionpoital.org/EN/election-laws/ R RRT RTR^ I RTR^tRTRt
RRRRRR RwTTF RFRfR RRTT (CASU) % RTRRFFTRTRR RFrRRR
RnRR RfRRFTRR RTRRRFRRt RfRT R + l^+i ~% I (WsftA TRRRT
RRt RRfRT RTRR RfRRt ^R) www.undp.org.np/
constitutionbuilding/elibrary/constitutionnepal/IC%20CA% 20Provisions.pdf
R RTRSR m
MRTRf RRtTRRRR RTtRr RTRRFT, RRT $3(3Kr) R RTRt R?RR
RfRRR ~% : "RRfRRRR RRtfRfRfR R7? RRRTT rR%R crRR RRT
RTRRR RR RlRdldl RRFRT crRRF¥ ... RRTt R%R RTRTRRRT
RFTRR4 RtRRR RTRT WD "
*Y RRRTR RfRRTTRt R%Rf RRRRR RRRfRRf RO\t )RRRT
RRRff   HdiN<rll + d   RR  RrRfT   RR   RRFR   "RRR   RrRfT   RR
NO
TRRpR RTRfRRt il6d+i RTRRFT ReRf I RTtRr RTRRFT, RRT
$3(3, 3R) T (1i<.VR) I FTR RTRR RrRfT RRRt R^t (RRRTR
RR) www.election. gov.np/NP/pdf/chhetra2063.pdf R RTRR f I
*•*• RRR RRTTTt 33i< RFirRTRFTRt TTRT RT ?ft^t Wi) RR^
_RI www.election.gov.np/reports/report/reportBody. php?selectedMenu=
PR%20Party%20wise%20(aose%20List) R RR^ I
RTRR *.Y R?R fRFTjRR RRTR ^000 RTRffRfrs TfRR
Wi\ Rdffd RRTRTR fR fRR P)d*l Rid" TTfTRT RfRR
jRRPl* TRR RRR RTRR "RTRRd RTRR RTRfRTRTf W^Ft
WW I (RTRfR RTRR W^ TTfTRT TTf%F ffR R^fR RRTRR
RTRFTS RF? Rf TTR%?I TRRRTd" RRTfTRfTT RR?TTR RR
R FTTR "fd" RfTR RTJR TTRT?!^5 TRTR fTTd" TTfTRT
fFRR W] RRR TRf TRF?RTf FRRR f*TTRR ^^t
RRTTR TfRTRR *? I K[s
fRF?R RrReR RFdT RTT R^RTT?!^ TFRTRRtRR TFRR
RfFTTTfTfRR TTfTRT RRRR rR RR fdHd"*? RR
TTRFTRtRTR RfRRTRT RRR RTR*? fRd RR Rff rR RR
TTfTRT RfFTRF¥*T FJFFdT?l ff RRR rRtRRRT RRFTfRT
T#TTTF?RTf 33 fRTRR RR ffFRR f dHd\? I K% RR*T
RRRT? Rff RRR RfFRT RTRfRTFTRT fTTd" FRR RR
-RRnRRRRTRR RRTRR R%R yRRR*l RfTRT 3°
rR-rrrrt RR "FTT5TI "RRFTRfRR yRRRlcd*) <ir^t *ldWI
d3 ffRRR ffRR50, 31S.C ffRRR ""RlffR T RTffRTR", Y
RRRR 'fRSTfRTRR RR'5<1 Rd, 31.^ FFTRR RRR? T 3°.^
fffRR "RR" ("RRTR RRRTf RrRttRR TTFf) RR€FT;i " R?
RRR TTRTRRRR yRRRcd*) TTfT*T fRRT RR RTF Rdl?
^ RF? RTcffF^t fRRRR:   RRR   (RRFRRT)   T RRR Wmt RTtfRt
^tlKdl+d RRRRRffT RFitRRTFT7 RFR fftRRft RRFRt ^ItRVRTRRr
TTRRT    ^R,   RT    RRfRRTRR    RfRRfRRRRRR    RtfRRRt    RTRRT
RffFRRlt s^lRl^ RR Jil+i i^JlVd) Wt I
1(15 RRF-fRRRR yfdRRf+i  oRRTRT T RRRRf dcJRId RRfRRT "RTR F^T
7RRlRRRt  iPRTTR  Wt&tk td_RR Hans Riedwyl and Jiirg Steiner,
"What is Proportionality Anyhow?", Comparative Politics, vol. 27, no. 3 (RtRR
1^*.), R    3^-3$^;   T Arend Lijphart,  Electoral Systems  and
Party   Systems:   A   Study   of  Twenty-Seven   Democracies,   1945-1990
(RT'H'RkT,    K^V)I     RR    oRRTRTrR    RrRfT    RTRfRRt    RRJR
www.election.
gov.npRNTegal/PRcalculationEN.pps R R7? RTR7^ I
^  RRTRR  RfRRFTRR   RRRTR   RRTRR   RrRfT   RR   ^o$3   Rf
RdTTR? f R oRTW RfRRt ^1   RFn^TRRRR fRRRR, ^o$V RRTRR
RF^RR^RJ)     RRTfR     RR     RRR     RTRR     www.nepalelectionportal.
org/EN/election-laws/nomination.php R RFT^R ^ I
n rttRr RfRRFT, RRT $ 3  («.) I
50 RTRrRr RR oRTTRIRf RSRRR TFRT RfRFT7 RFTRTft "^tW'
RRTRTRSR)
51 "fRfRRRf RR" RRTR RfTR, RTRTRFT, RTR, ^RT, RRTR, RTRR,
RR T FTTR ~ft% rR|R T "RRC rRtRRT RR RI6Rldl RRTTTFT7 ffl
" RRFRT RFRRRR RTRRRtFRR "RR' RR RRRRft TTTf RF?
RRRT %R, RRRRR RRRR R-ddfdf, "RcyRR W^li, RTRfRRT RRRT,
RT^RT^, R1R ROOt^ I RffRR RfRRFTRf RRRRRRRR "RR
RRJFT7'' RRTR RRR RRFRRT R77^ RrRrrT RR R)RFRRR RRF
(RRFRRT TfRR RRRRFT) RR RRTR7^ I RT lldlij^ RRRRt
RRTRTRR RRTRT RT^Rf RR T RfRRTRFRR RRRR RRRRft RR
NO NO ^
RffRflT Tf&H Wi) RF% RTf RRRTTRR RRR RFR rR% Tlf%RRR
^RRt RTRfR RF? T ddldlff+i RfRRRff ^tfRR RF? RT RTR
RRRf f I RRRR RT RRRltT www.nepalelectionportal.
org/EN/elections-in-nepal/electoral-system.php R RfRT?71
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■frljfdd wt tfzrw fzrf^ W.  1Y% ? 3tf$w ?o Os
lo
(RRtRR T tRR ff TRR RRTfRRR fRRR) I W^\ rR
FRfR d o RfRRRRTR*? RRRRTTf Rd?fd RFTRR TRRRT
TF? TTRRSTl" RRR §TR?RR RtdTR RR FffRTRTf
RRFTRR tr? RFTRR? RT5T (RfTfTRRR RTRT, RffR fRfR
*TTil*JT $X TRRRR FR RR*?) I RRR RfRRRR RR ^J
dlf* 1^*1 Wi, FT RRFTj^R 'RJTRffRRR RRR Rf? RRfR?
RfSRR' RFRTRRRRbT I 5V RRfR RRR RRffTRFTRRf fRRT
FFRR ^t TfRR RRR RfffRRR RRRR fRfR*? I RdTfTfRT
TRRR WF flRtRRRR? TTRFTRfRR yRRRlcd*l RTRT
RdRRTf fFRR RRTRR TfRR RRRR fffR*?, RRRTf RR?F?R
RRF RRffdRTR "ifRRRRR*? I w
R? RTRt RRR Ft, RRRTf RTRR RfR TTTRfR T iNdlfd*
RRRRrRr RfRRRTR*? TTRTRRfRR RtRR diHId ^:stt^i
RfT? I RR RR ff RRR WWi "R? ft ^fe?t Rd?fd RRR
fT — ft RJR >dddl<l RRRTf RfRFT *?R, RR ff RRR
RRRRR R RRRTf RffRR ^RTRJ F? ^t _P*cd *? R?t
fR fRF¥R RRR RFRR R=? RRRR bRJ R? RRR TRRR
"fRI"" RRRRT JJ-if^dliH FF? diHp RffRR "tRR;I %RR
RTR TTTR RRR W^ TTRTRRtRTR yRRRlcd*) RTR RFT
-RfRT fR? RTRR RfR?, RfRR TTR*? RTR RRTRRRR RTRT ffR?
RRfFRR RfR?, RRR RRT fRFTRR "RRRT RTRFR RlfffRR
RFRTFTT RR fRTTI^ RR FRRFRt TTRRRRR RRRTfRR
RRRR TFRR T RRRRTT RR RTF RFRR fRLT | RRfRfRRR
mt^ RF*? T fRRR RRTfTRT RTRTRT -_rr RTJR RR*FR
TTd«ldl*l fR RfRRR RfTRR FRTR RR RRRfRR -RTRR
RRRRR RR*t fRRI
T^ RRRRR RRTTfRRTRR RRRR RRRTd: TTRRTRlfRR
RRTRR FR RTJR TTRfRI TTRRTRFRR RRRfRRRTd" RfT
Tf?d RR f^RfRFTRT TR?f? TRR RR RRRfRfTS RRR RR~
TTRRyTRJ ^RTR TTfTRTR %Z RtRf^SR RRRR ^HM^I
RTRRf RR RR%?RJ TTTR fRFT5R RTR TTR RfRR
"rRTRT?F RfR R RfdTRR TTRR iRddd RTFR RRT? I ^ RRRR
"    RRIRRRRR    RfRRfRrRRRTRRRT    RRRRR    RRtRfR    RffRRRt
RFTRi^RRRR Rf\ TR RRTR  RR< RrRfT  RfRTRR RFT RRf I
RTTRf  R^RR   Rdfdd   RTRfRR  RFRRffRR  ^   Rgl^slf I    RTRR
RRFRRT RR rRrRRFRRT RRFftfRRf  RfRfRR RFRR fRT RRRf I
Rdfdd Rr, 13 (s) I
5YRR. *<3>l
IX  RTFR   fRRfRR   RR   (RTRRTR   RR   RFRT   RR)   R   RRRRJFR
RRRTffRR    *ld4M    RRITRRf   RRTR   RRRf I     F_RR  http://www.
election.gov.np/NP/evoting/EVM_FAQ.pdf.
"   RIsjR'H   RRRR   RTTRRlf,   RRfRR   RrRfT   RRRSTRFT7,  Rff
NO ^
Rooc |
w   RIsjR'H    RRRR    RTTRRffFT7,   RrRfT    RTRfRRT    RfRRTtfFT7,
RT^RR.RfR Root^ |
5q RRR RTR fRd RfR RTFRR RRFR oRRTRT RRRTFR R^R T RFTRf
RRTR RRRf RtRRTTfi W^t RFRff I   RrRfT RR, 13 (1V) I
TTTR TTRTRRtRTR yRRRlcd*) 3° rRTRRRRT RR*T RTfT
RRR RR fRF¥R RfFR RfRFTTRRRFR *ldl*l RR
RRRRRlf RR RRRR i?R I ^ TTRTRRfRR RRRfRRRT
RfRRRFT fRfR RRTRR K.Y RTR fRFTTRSR %RR d d RTR
fRF?R RR RRdTRR R^ RRTRRfTS FTT TRTRR fR? I
RRR Rd?fd RRTRTrR FR Rlf? RR?RR7RftFTT RRR *?RJ
RRRRR RRffRfTTRR RTR f^R, TRfTfRR RRf tfR
RR "fR5T| RRR WtWtt T RTRffRT RR RffFTfRFTfRR
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RRf *?| RRR fRfTTRR RTRffRfTR*f TTTRT RTRR RR*T
RRR tRR RRfFTTfTRfTf TRTTfR R=? fR RR%RTf RfFR, RT
TTTR fR T TRRTR RTrRTfRF?RTf RR  RTRR RRR tfR
TRlfRR   TRf   RTRf   Rff   R^   RR?|     TTR   RR   RRR^TRRR
fdRRRRRR "R RRR TTR? b^R, RT TRRRR RRRR fffRR
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-tRFI 'RR RRTTTTR RTRt R?R RRTRR5T RRf^-RRFTRlfRR
RRRfRRRR dTRRR TRRR rR fd^d", FR RR RRTT?RR
ff RRfR RRTR | ^ RRfR RTR? RTR RRRR Ff? R%TRRRT
RR ffffR RRRR RRRRT rRrltrt Wi T "RffRRRR
fffRRR RRfRRT RTRRTF RR "RRTRR? "fTTST I *£l*l RRT
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RRRt TRR 3RRdRi?l
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RRR TTRTRR RRRR TTTRT -Rfr?TRR?t, TfRR T "RfRRR
fRRRR fRffff RTRF ff^HH RTRRT WW' RR RR
RRRRTR*? RFRRR RRR Rd?fd RRRT "HUiH R?TfTRR
^TRR Wj£f^ RR RFTRR RRfRTfTR*? RTRfR RfRR w],
fRRTRR TRRR RRfR TRR RRRRFTS RRR RTR, RRTRR RTRT
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uo RRRRR RRRR  RTTRRlf, RTRfRR RrRfT RRRRRFT7, S   RTR"
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151 RI3Rl<H RRRR RTTRRlf,RT^RRA Rff Root^ |
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u:* RRTR RfRRFT, RRT 1^^.(1)1 RRfRR RTRfRRt RRtRR T
RRTRfRfRFTR? oRTSR TRRRT rRrrT ^ RT^ R1^ TV (RRT
<Hc;-<13o) t fRRfRR RFRR RR, ^o$3 TTT rR RTRt ^1 rRr
TRTRf RRRRR rRRr RrRfT RTRfRRt RFfRRTR RTRRRTTTF T
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www.election.gov.np/NP/pdf/ecact.pdf R RRRTR RFR RTRR f I
RTRfRR RRRT RFfRRjf RReRRt RfiRT www.election.gov.np/
EN/legal/ecactphp R RFRRRRR RRRt ^ I
Uli RR RTRFRFRRT RR %RTR, -f1<d + |i6  RTRT, RtRRRRRC RTR T
NO V     V ' ' V      NO NO ^
RRTRFTRR- RTRT fRd
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■frljfdd wt tfzrw fzrf^ W.  1Y% ? 3tf$w fooz-
11
TTR, "RRRR RRRR RTT? w] T RfffRdTRRRT RTRTfTRRf F^
RTR "RRnf RfRRT*? <H%IMd RTf I RRR "RffRRRR RRR,
TR fR?, WtWtt RTRf7R?RTRRT FTRRIRRTrR RTR RRf
RTRRTR^RRRR Rlf? RTRR f I RTRRTR Rf RRRR T
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www.unmin.org.np/downloads/publications/2008-03-22-UNMIN.
Election.Report. 1 .ENG.pdf.
Sudhindra Sharma and Pawan Kumar Sen, "Nepal Contemporary
Political Situation V: Nationwide Opinion Survey", Interdisciplinary
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RffRRTT T yRdlMd ftRRRR RTRT RTRRTR TR_TTTTf*RT
=RR? R*IH RRTf? RTRt f I %% TRFTcRTf fRR RRfR TTRR
TRTTjR RTRR*? FTRR RRRRfRR RRRR RRRRR FR Rf"
TRTffR RTTRTTRTf FdTRR TRRT RfR RR R RFTRTRRfR? "fR
RR TTRJff I   RRTR %FT FR*~RW FR     R^ TRTffR
^  RFRRR   RRRR   RRFRRf,  RRRfRR   T   RftR   RrRfT   fRRRR,
no ^ ^
RTRRTR,RTR 'iooc, |
^ RRR R7RRIR RfTRRR Rdf RRRT RTRRRR RTRFTTTTi RRTR
TR RR^ TfRRt RTR5R RR5RRR fRR I RTTFTTt RRTffRR
RTRTRRR RTRTFRRTFT Rf?f RR TRR RfRRt rR FJ TTRf I
RTcTR^RlfFTR? RTFR RRTR RfR RR RRFRTRT TfRR RR RFFRf
f I Bhadra Sharma, "Rs. 180M received from donors for voters'
education", The Rising Nepal, £ RfR 'iOOC, |
^ RR5RTR? RRRR (RFR <|,$o$ ^SrlWIdl) R "d II1+1 RTT5TRR
TFRRFTR RRRTRTRRf 'St'tkWf (RfRRFTRRTRFR^f? RRRTtl) RRR
■H%IMd RR ^?" RR RR RfRRRRT ^R RfRRRR RRftfRR RRFRRt
RTR rRt4 R?T RTRFTT T^TWt fRT, RRRT? f % RfftRRR RRRRTSRR
T RFR % RRfRRT RFR iR'Hi+lQ RTRT, RRRTT? R RTrRr RRTR
RR RfTT fRTRT fRTI Sudhindra Sharma and Pawan Kumar Sen,
"Drivers of Legitimacy: A Nationwide Survey Report", the UK
Department for International Development (DFID),RT TTRR TRR
RRRRRf RfRRRR Interdisciplinary Analysts, RT5R^T% RRTR ROO[3
R (chart 3.24) R The Asia Foundation TTTf RRTRrT fRRt I
%% RR fRRfR, Rf \ fRRfRR RTRTR, TV Rff Root^y
www. election, gov. npRN/detai l_news.php?id=92.
RTTRTTRR TRR TFT RTFRR fR; — "RTR fRRRR RRR:
TTRRRRR iNdlfd* TRFTcR RRR r| RTRRR ff; T
rrTf?R TR? Ttrrrrrr Rrr T ^ RlfRRTR RfR ^a
RRRf? RTRldl4?*l ffF^T RRR TR? «Pt-e? I
^ "?: gTefr I RR -RRRRT RRTRfT TRRlffR TRR RRTf
TTRTRRR TRR T?R RTRR fRJ RRR ffRRRR RRRfTRRT
RR TRFTcR FR RR*T RFTR RTFRR fRJ TTR M
RTdTF?R R-RTRR RR RR <if^t RFT RfRR RRR-RRR RR~
T "RTRT TRTTR RRfTR RRfR TfdTjR fR;i TRR? RdRR <it^t
TRFTTRR RRffRt RRT f%R RRRR RTRRR WtWtt T
RRRfTFTRRf RRTJR rR Rf*R?l RRR -Hd^M RRfR
RRR? RFT RfRR Rf RTRfRTd RfR (RfR?FR) m
RRRRR?F?RTf RR? RfTRTR TfdTjR TTTRTfrfTR R?RR
rRtTRrR f I RRR? RRfRRRR RR RfRR ^tW^ fR T
T/RRfRT RRTRRR* TlfRR RR Rf ffR RfTRfRR "fR R
Wi\
^oo
^ H<MW\, «IH<JI^) I TTR; WW RR RRTRR -Hd^ldl
RRRR RffR RRR RT RFR -RffRRRRT*? fffffRR RTRfR
RTRRRRRR fR Wi\ RRRRfFTTR RTRR? RfffR RTR
HH|R*dl*l RRRRf, TTFfTdT, TTRftRRTR RRRRRR R RR
T RRdT RF*T TRRff? RRRRRR RFTRR RSfRfRr fffR
TTRRfR;i RTR? RfffTRRR RTRRRfl*T TfRR RflT RRf I
TTTfTcR ffR rrt tR*T ft RRF?RR RTRR RTRRf R Wt
TfRRR cddlJd RRfR;| RRRrffF¥*T fRRRR?fRR F%
"RfRTRff RdR R?R RRT RfT f f*RRR RRRRRT RfRTf
RdR RRRR RRR TfTfR?l RT d^ fR RTTRR RT ffR
WvWA RTRR RR RRTRTF^R rR RRRRR RTRR RR TfRRR
RRfRR tr? RRfR;|
^TT^S^irl RR RSR RRRR fRRRRRR?TRT RffRfR TRTf
■Hd^M RRfTRf RRR? RTRRRR Rff FRfR RTRRTR
FRRRdT Wt TfRRR Rfrf Ftl fFRRFR RfTRRR RR RfSR
rR rtr (rr Rtrrtr rr*R ffR fRR?) rlttr RRR Rf Rf
RR: RRTR R FR? R, RT TRF?R RTRffRTF?RR "W^t
RRRfRfTS TfR Rft RRfR RRfR fRR?F?TRf TTRFR
RRRTftfTRRf RRRRT Wt TfRRR fff fRR fff RRfR;i
<if^J RfRTRRR ffRrfTTRTf RdRTRR FTfT fR? I RfTfTRRR
RTRT, fRF?R RTRR RRfTRF?TRf RTfTT RRfR RRfR
f^RTTR RTRfRR TRR RFRf-dRRf Rf? RTS TTRfRRfTTRTf
ffR T fRRR RffT RTRR RRTfTTTf RRfR;i   ftdT TTRRR ff
i°° R^n- RRRR  RSRR RFR RTRRR RTRR RRTR RRRf RTfRRT
no no no
TTTTR Toi RRTFR RFR^t WT! ddlH+l ff, RRIRtRrR TtftR RR
RfRT RSRR RRFRT RTRRTRR RRR RR R^RT rR Rf% WW^t
RTRRRf RFTT# RgR RRTRRR fRJ RT RRRT fRRTR? RRcTRTTTt
RTR RRRRT RRT5RFR fRTRT fR I "Anyone can go to people: youth
leaders"', The Kathmandu Post, 1? RlR ROOC, \
 J1M#I WWW Z riHW^I WWZ
■frljfdd wt tfzrw /?W W.  1Y%  ? 3tf$w fooz-
n
fRRRR*? RRRR RRR rRrR RR Hd**l RkTR RRfR
FRRTR TRFTRjTR RTR-RfR RffR RTTRsft RRTffRR FR? T
-RRRTf fTf ffR Rf*R I
";I$# vd«ta«IKI RfffR RRR (TfRR RTRfRTRR TRTRT)
^iW^t RTRfRTFTRRf JAIJ^I fRFTcRTf fRRR RRfR RR
RRf I RTR, RRT-RRRRR RTRT RRRR rR TFRR "RRFTS
(RR RR RI^ffTs) :m^t RrRffRT*? RRR HdlJd
Rf*R?l RR?R?jT RTdTfTR*? Wt ^Pt^i RfRfR? T RRRRT
RFRRR? RRT R RRfR T RRFRR fft RRRfRF?RR TRRT
TfdTJR RfRfR?, RRR RRfRT RR RrfRftfTcRTfR FRR RR
RftR fRR fff RRRfR;| ^W$t RTRfRR ft TRRffRF¥R
RfR RRf RRR T ffRRTTfT RTRTRfT RR RRR rR*R
RFRFlft RRR to RR -RfRT RTRTRfT ff? RTTF*? RfR I
RTRTRfT RffdTR RlfRR RfRf dlS RRRT RR RRR
rtrTTRTT ffFRR RfTT rrrsR W RRR RTRR RTRfRft
fRRtf RTJ')0') <H^t fRF?RTf fR RTR RFRRTR RTRR
RRR RTRRf l^
<M*1 3$dl*l ^FRfTI R? RRTRR RfTfR fR f?
RRRTf "RTRRTRfFT RRR TRFTcR RRRT RRjR
RffR;I ^ RR RRR TF*T 3° RR RR?F¥ RRTRR
^&Ft Wi — R° FR^TR T do "RRRTrRrrt | ^
RRFTRRf RRRR TRRff? RRR T TjRnR RdTF?R RFTR?
fR*R RRTR RFTJR RRfR; I RR TTTRRR fR7ffRR RTRFR
RTRRR RTTR RTRR RR?fTTR RRR*T RTR? f I RTRR?
RFTFRRT RT*T "RRR RR TTRR RRRRRRRR rR TRRRR
TTRffRR "RRRRSRFF?TRf RTRR? FRRRdT RRTR RRT
dilJd RRR RTRR RTRR RTRTRff?Rrf RRRRT RRR tRrR
f I ^   "RRRT  TRRRTRR   ^tW^  ?F\   T  TTTR  trrrtrftt
w 'Tit. RFitR^TTFTTt RTRR RTR fRTR Rr, fRTR RR R To WZ
IK. Wt! ff, ekantipur.com, % RTR ROOC, |
^ RRFRRT TTRR RRRFT RRRTR Awt T RRRFT RWTR RFITRRT
RR RTRT RRRf I   "RTR ff RR? RFtIrrT', W?tf vffiw, f f   RTR
Rooc |
"^RFJlRRR ~^tt RR RRRT RTRlt) RTR" Rf£t l+l+l RFRRRTFRR
fRRFTR RTRTRRf RTRRTR RRRR fRT I   RRRR+FRRR RRRR RTRTtT
RTR" RR RR RRRRRf fRTRT RRTRTR ft RRRRT RRTFRf f I
RTRRR    RTRR    RTTRRlf,   RRRRRR    RRRR+FR,   RTSRT^,   RtR
NO ^
Rooc |
',OY"fT?R Wt! R# RRRRT', ^tf lR/#i, R f RTR ROOC |
w Rff RRFRRT RTRRT RfR R# RFR RfR, "RRRRFTTt FFRRTi
RTRf   "RfofR   -RRTRRR   fT   RT   FTRTR   FTR   RF^FTTTft  fRRt
RRfRR RRR Tf%W! W^, RTTRRRT RRTRFR Rt RFRRRR R ^t
RR R?R RRRRf RRRR RTR RRRRf RRRf rRtFRT fR RR RfR
NO NO NO *      "N
TTRTRFR T RR RRT RRFR TFfRRR RR RRRFRR fR', RTRRR
RRRR RTTRRlf, % RrR Root^ | R^r ^=tl<rU-ll RrRfT RFRRR R?R
RRfR TTT R TF+t f, "Drawing the attention of the government media,
the Election Commission has again issued directives to the Chiefs of the
Government media to comply with the CA Election Code of Conduct. The
TTfJRTRR RRR RTS Rf? TTR*R "RRRRR fHIJd TTRR
RRTRR f I
<M*1 dd**4dl*l 31RRI Rf RRRRRR RFRRf? RTF*T
d*l*l RTR RTRR fRRR RTRRfRfffrf RfRffRfTS TRTRR
RRTRR T RFftR RR TR*T ft RR? RRR RT*? ffSIR
R*ffJ ^ RRRfTR TTTRff? RfRRfTFTRR RRRRT RfffR
RRRRRR ^RRRRFTS ffR "7ddFRR fR; RT ^RRRfRRRRFR
rRrTRTRRR ^RR ff SIR f T RR*R RR RFRR RfTRF¥
(RTFR RRfRR RfR RTRF¥ fR.) Rt RffR RTRTFTRRf
RfR ffR RR RTRRTR TTRR TRFTcRR FTT TTRff I ^
^)    R<=lT"=IH H^*HUI
RtRR?Ri? RRRTRTf fdTRRTlfFR RRfR TTTR fRfffRRTf
^llR*dl RRR RR RRRRR RRRRR "ff RRf I   RRR d Y^
Rrr? rr r\ rTr RRrfffRR rtrfttr Rr?rr rrrrrrr
TRR RFFRTf Rff RRFRR fRJ RRf? fR? RRfFRR fRffff
RRf^TRffTRRlR fRRR ffRRRRfTS T RfRRTffFTT, TfRR
dMlR* RFRTRR RfTRFTT T RRRRTFTT ffR RRfR RfRR
RRfTRR"fRfRJ
7lf|zr M4^iH*| dY^ RTdT RTRRR RRTR %o fRR TlfRR
RRRRfffTTR Rd?fd*l Rdd+Td FRf^;| ^-^d TRTR
fRffff RTRRR RfffR d° FRTR RRfR*RTTf RRRR fff*T
f;        RRTtRRR        *ld?Hi|^^'d RfRRRR       RRRRRRTS
TfdtRRf I ^ TT%R RRRRR Rf RfR R=f RfRfTT RfRRR
fR lO R^RRRrR RtRT fRR*?, RfR ffR TRRR RTR3T
RRR*? RR RTRR? RTRRTd" RRRRR RffRR fRf*? RRT
RFfRRRR RfFR dMlR* fRRRf I'm RR%R*fTR*R RJR
RRTf RRRT fR, ^TTFR RqTR Rffff RRRRR TRff (RRT),
RRRT   RfffR   RRRRR   rRtRT   RRR   (RrTrT-FR),   TFRRR
EC, time and again, has drawn the attention of the government media ",
press       release,        ^ f RTR        "ROOC,,       www.election.gov.np/
EN/detai l_new s. php?id=99.
105 TFR RTRRRTRRRR RtfRrT i, tffaf ^oo^TTT RFR# RRRf
{,00 rrt Rfit RTRRR+T RTR+RfFTTTTt TtftR RfTFRR fRRTRR
Rfff RRRRT RRfR f I RRR RfR rRRr H-%<?SKI TRRRR
RTFRRRft R RTRTR RlfdJ "RRRRR RlRFT <N-f1fd +
RfRRRR', W$f V/5/*/, 11  RR ROOC |
1015 RRRR RTRTRTR RRTR^fl+iil+l RTTRT rRr+T RRRR RTRRR
RQTRRRtRTR ^RFTRRR+TRf R=t TFRif TRRFRR RTFR, ^# T
IdK+l RRTR RRR f RR RfFRFR+T R fRRTRfft %RTR RRT RfR
Wft RfRRfRfR f RRRTRff) RRR RRR ^TRTRR T TRRRRT RRR+R
RFR RfFRFRR? RfRfRfRfR RR RfR^TRRRT Wft f) I "Unequal
Citizens: Gender, Caste and Ethnic Exclusion in Nepal - Summary",
DFID/World Bank, 2006, R. 31.-3^1
10C RRRRR  RTRR   RRRTRf, RR  RTTR, RrRfT  RFRR,  RO   TtrR
no no
rooc |
wR.R.i
 WTMWt WWW Z RR757RT WWZ
■frljfdd WT tfzrw /?W W.   1Y%  ? 3tf$w fooz-
1$
Rffff RTRRR RfRR" (RffRTRT), "RRfRR T RfffR TRff
RRR (RfFRT) T "RRRTRRRT RRR RRRRR RRRT RRTR
(RffRlfFRT) RffR; I
RfR ^RIRRRfRT ^tW^ rRttrT T fRfR RRRRRRRR
RFRRf "FfRR RTF NEMA R RRTf WtWZt RR? RRRT fFR
RRR TV RTR RTR T JwRsTdld iJ^i-il^^vHI^ TTRTRR RT*T
fl"0 RR RRRTR dlS fRR TRRRf?FTcTRf RFTR
fRfRRf*? f RR RTRff RRRR RfRfTTRf «TTjR R|-R"RR
RR RfJsRRTf W fRT*T FRTFTftR RRTjR R¥R RRR
TRf*? f I RfffR "fR ffR*R RSR ffRRFTT RTRTRR
RfRffR fR RTRRR :StitZ RR RRRTR TRT*? f I RRTfffRf
ffRRRRR TTTRT RRRT TTR RJ)R*I*1 rRRTT? (RFTTFf) RR
RTfRRf RFRR RRT flfFRT T TTRR "RRfRRRR RTR
(FTRRTf) RT fffRR RTRRd d3 FRR RR RRfRRfTS
fRRtf (RRRTf U,U,^. RRRRRR ffRTRRR flffR RTRR
RRRR RfRRffRRjTR RRR TRfRf) I <n') fTR*T R-dfiR
TTFRRR RTRRRR? T R#R R«Md*l fR RRRFRR TRRR
RRFR*? Wk^ tRrR "R?TTf^RRFRTR RlR fRR RR%RR
TfdTjR R?RR TRffR f I RRR RR FTRRTRR T "RTRTRRR
RTR RRRfR RRR: FR fRR T ff fRR RRfRR
FRRRR RRfRJ
RRRRRFTR*? R? RfTRT RRf RRRRRR f I TTR; WW Rt
fRfffR*? RRRR R RfTRT 3 ° RR f€? f I   RT RRRRR
NO -N X NO '
RTRT RRR RFTR RRR RR RRT ffR RR*R?RJ "^ FTR
RRRR RfRR" ^i^i w] RRR ffRRT RF*T f I "^ ffRRRR
RfffR RRRRR RRRRR? Tft" RTF*T f T RRRRd*R
RffRRRRT fffffR rR RRR fFR RR RfR TTRTR I Rfff
RRR RTRF¥ T RR?F?TRf ^tW^ W\ -RfRTfRf TRR
iNdIR*    TRFTcRTf   Tfft   RRRR   RffRJ m    RfffR
RTRtRR RTTR RRf RfRTc7. -ffRRTTR RFRR RfRFT RR?F?TRf
RRRRRRd fdTfR RfR RRTF*? f, RRR RdTfTT*R
RTRffR RfTRT RRRR RfffRRT RRRRRR ffRTRR RRfR
RRf I
RR%OTI R% 3RR RRRffeR RTRfTcR RRRRR
w] RRRR RFRR fR, RRRSR RnR RRRRT^frRR fRRRfTT
fR RTRR fRJ RRfFRR ^d° RR RRRR*F¥ TfdTjR
fRJ WtWZt M RRFTfTcRT RRRRR RFTRR (fR), TfRR
RTfffRRR RTfR FJRRR? RRRT (RRRRT) T RRdT "RTdT
RfffRj rr ^--Wit fRRRfTT RRTTR TfRR RTRfTT (RR
FR#RTf, FJRR RRRRRR RFT) RR FTRT RRfff%R
RTRTfTcRT TfdTRf fRJ m FTRf RRRrfRR rrR^TRRRcRT
TTRfRRffR   RfR   RRlfffJR;   RRR   RfRfRff   fR    RTfRRT
rrtIr; rrt rrr? trrr Rtrt rrrr tttst r*r*r*t
fdR?dfTT RRR RRfR;i m RTRRTR FT*" RR? fR TRRRR
RTRR RfTR TFRR RRTW "RRT tr? RRTRRR RRR*R
RRRR RRTR RRFRR fRJ RR*T RRTfR RRRFlft R
RRRRTTRR fRRRfTRR fTRTR Rfft RRRdTRRR? RRR
TRRR FTRff FTRRRTf I "^ RfR fflft" ffR Rff RfffR
TTRR TRR TfR? RR TfRR TRR TRRR RFFT R fRRR
RtRRRR RRffRfTcRT RtRff TTRR FR R*R RfR RRTfR
f I RRRT TRTR RTjR TRTR TRTRR Ff? TRfTTR fffffR
RfRRTRTf RRF? WF^ Wi%\ RRRffeR RTRRfTcRTf
3!%m: RRTR TR? R RRRf f , RT RRTRfTRf RRfR RTR
Rf? RRfT RRF RRfRRTR dc*M R?d4_d RdRTfTR*T
RRffRTf 5Hl<-dl Rft RRR RRRRTTf RRTTR RRRfR w]
RTRTRRf I
^° Wm^trfc RfRRTRR Wt RTRTRT %RTR RRRf, ^TRFR RtRR
RfRRT (FRRt T RRT RTR4 RtRR RTRFR), ^TRTR R^RR, fR4? RR
RRRT TRR RTRT RRR T Tt%R fRRR RRT RTR RTR? RTRfRR
RFRff RRffl
""i RTTR RRRfRR RrRfT RRRT RRTR), RRR RTRR RRTR
(RTRRRR) T Wt RRRTRT RRTR RRRf (RfRFTTR) I RrR+R
RTTRFR Rf «:TR RTRRR: RRRf TTTTRRRR+R RrRfT RtRTFRRT
RRTR RRR+RR fRJ RRRtl RRTRRR fRRRRR RR TTRTTR RrRtRRT
RRTR fRRt I fRRRRR RR RRRTRTFRRf RftR RRRf F? I RR+T
RFTFRR FRTt RRTRFR fRJ RtfRTRf RTTR RfR Ftl ^tRTRTR
RRFR RTfRR RRRR RRRrRRTRR TtRr RRRfR+RT TTRR RTRfR?
RTRTftFR www.deannepal.org/publication.htmlR RTTRR f I
"i" RRRRR RTRR RTTRRlf, RRT RRR RRtR RRTRTR, +I6*ll^t, Ro
NO ' NO NO NO ' '
RTR ROOt^ |
"'" RTRRR RRRR RTTRRrf, i\i^i,-\  RRR RRRRR RIF, RTcTRT^,
NO '^»»NONO V' '
ro ttiR Root^ i
"'^ RRFRRT TTTRt 4RRIdl+l fFRTRR^TR^T TFR %RTRR RffRTRR
RlfRfR RR RR^RfRTRR RRRRR % T RRRRfR?-RRTR+R ^f
R^R RRRt fRRFJ RTfRfRJ
in RTRRR RRR RfR RrRfT RRRSTRRT RRR RFTRRft ^W RTR?
f I
",u RTRRR RTRR RTTRRrf, TR, RTRTT T RTfR; +^+l RRRR+FR,
RRcTRT^.RtR Root^ |
w RRRRR RRRR RTTRRlf,RT5R^, 1^ TtrR Root^ |
 WTMWt WWW Z RR757RT WWZ
■frljfdd WT tfzrw /?W W.   1Y%  ? 3tf$w fooz-
lis
Y. M-«HMtej
RTRfR: Rfft RRFTRRt RR:RRTTR*T RRRRRR R? RRf |
RT "RTRt RRRRRRT RRR RTJR rR RRf RR RRRR rR
RRIr f T TRRTRf RRTf? TTRR RffRf R$f fTTR RfffR
RfRfRfTT R FTd sRfTJ RTF* fffffR RRRR RfffR
RRRR R -Hd^M RfRRRRtf W^ FRdt TffR J-ld^M TRTTR
fRfR RRTRTR fRffff TRRR RR RfRRR TffR f I "RTR
RFRRTRRrRt  'RR fRffTRR RRRTR   -Hd^M   RfRR  RR
N_ no
RRTRRR FRTTRR 'J^i RF*T R ffRRFf RRR RRR rR
rrR-rRr rrrR d^-d4) r RARdUMiRK*! rr yi*R*
fRff'^ RlfR RffRJ RTRR? RRR RRfR RfTffR #T
RR? RfRR RR RR RR fTRT RRTR RRRR RRRR RTfR
TTffR RRTR -RfRR W^t tr? TRRf I RRRRTR*? fRRR
fRfR RfRR RRTRTf RRfRtR w] RRR fffffR RfRfRR
TFffff I Rff RRRRFTS FTTR, fRfRR T RRR rRrRR R
fRRRTTR FTR¥R RRt R RRFRRTRR RfSR RffR? Wt fR"
RRfR Tf FR RRf I "^ fR RRfR RfRR RRRRRR
RRRTR  RR:RRfR  RRTRRR  RTRFRR  RfffR   RR*T  RR
NO NO "
RRFRR TRfRf TR?Rff | ^°
RfffRRTRR? *ldd<?l  RR:RRRR*T RFRTRRT  dl**l  Wi I
NO NO '
Rffff RTRRRR RRjRRTT£Tr ffR RR TRRRR fRf%R
TfTRRTfTS RRF*T TRRR R#TI ^ *3*3d R ^FTd RjTR
RR TTJRfR? R^fR, RT R? TfR" RRRRRR fR RtfR I
RR-Hd^ld RfR RTf? R TTRTR? "fR RfTR RR fTTfTcRT RT
Rff I RRFTRRR RTtF, Rff -RTRR fFRR RFFT TRF? RTRT
RFRRt?TT TfRR T TfR? RRTRTR RRfRR tr? TTRR TTRR
RRf I RRfR TRRR rRsttR R ftRR? RRRRFTS RRR
^<H**I fR; RR RR RRRRFTS fTRfR FR RRf, fRRRR
RRfRT RfRR RtR RR RRRR RRR "fR Rff | RRf fRT
TRT RfR RRRR*F?RTfR ft RTJR RR-Hd^ld FTT TTRR
RRTfT tr|r| rr rr rRr RRTTR *ddlR?M RR? RRT
RRR RTTR, "RfRT RTJFW RRRRTR*? RRRRRRT R?
RRf, RTTR? RRTRTR RfffR ff RTRR rRttrT RTR? FR
RRf I
,A?,?,
m 7RfRRFFTRTRR <H4W<?+1 fRRfRRRFR^ST? Rt ^o^V,Vo(<J |
"^R.R.A^CTR) T^(XX)\
l:ioR.R.,V^(?)|
'm    RIsjRl'H    RRRR    RRRfRfFR,   RrRfT    RTRTRRT    RfR+RCtFR,
+ 16*11^!',RTR Root^ |
^ RTRRR RRRR  RRTRM, rRb" RRfRR RFTRtRfR, +I6*ll^t, TV
RR Root^ |   TRRfRRRFR7?)? RTRR? oRRTRIRRRf RTFR R%R W f
RR   "rRRRtR   RRTRT, RTRR   T   RR   RfrRffRF^RRRRfi   SRTRT
TFRT RTRRR FFR RrRfT RRFRRT RRf fRR-fRR Rfd(j<? RTRR
RR:RRfTRRTRR? RtRRFTT RTfR RTRTR rRtttr ttR? RRRRf
iNdlR* TRR RRlffR RR? ffRR Wi FR? Rdffd
RfRR*F?R RRRf ffFRR fRJ ^ fR RJR WvWt
RfRRR RRfR Tf 7F\ RfRR*R RfRRRT RfffR RfRfR R
RRfRR RTRfRR RfffR TFR FRTR RdTFTT RtRR RiffR R
RRRRRR RfT RRTftrR RRR RT*T RTTR fR" RRR RRf I
RRFRR RR FRRTR TRRTRRrR RFTRT RRffdRRF¥ 3FRR
NO     ^ NCJNO NO
RRRR RTRFRR f^RR "RfTFRRRTT RRTJRRfff I    fRffff
NO NO NO NO '
RfRRRR RRFRR FT? TRR, fRR" T TTRR RtRR RRR RlfT
C no CN
TF?RfT?, RRR Rff RTTfffRT T fRfRR RRRffRFTT "RF? RR
RRR I "v RRR T TTRTRRFRR RfffR ffRfTfR RRRRFTS
TRRR -RfTFRRRR RRR RRRTRff I    RRR T RFTRRRr
NO NO ' NO
fffft RRRR*? RRRTR RRR R? RRJRRFT fffR RRR
RfffffR RRRR*? RRR RRRfT? T Tft RRR TlfRRRR?
TTRFRtRr      RRRRRR      RRR      RRRRfffl"^       Rdffd
NO NO '
RfRRfffTTR TTTRfR: fffR RRR Rd?fd*l RRFRR R
RRRRf I    ffRf?   RRRRR   FRRTR   w]   -RRTR   fRRTR
NO ' NO " NO
-RTRRtTR -^RR TTRTR? FfR I RTFtR^" RRR Rd?fd*l
RRRTR il*iR-TT Rlf RR RTJR WiWit T RTRfffRfTS RR
^WF fRfR I "5 FRR fRfffR*? fffRR RIJdRP*
^tWitt RRR Rdffd RRRR RfffR RfRfRfTcRr RfRRRR
RtfT RRRfRR RRRRf I   TTRTRRfRR fRRRRR*? RR fRRR
NO ' NO
rR f-RTffTRR Wt RfjTR TJRf RTJR RRR RRRR RTRR
RRRRrItRR RfffR RTRtRR RRfRf I RT fRffff
RfRRRfTTR RTF* RfffR  RRfR TTRRRfRR RRRfRRRR
C no
TTRRRR RfRfRfRfRRf RfRR RTRfRR w] FTRR RR RTRR
fRJ
1^13
fRffff RTRRR RR R RRTRfT RTR TTR fffffR fR
ffffRR RRFRR ffRR T RpRR RfRR RRRfRR rR "ft RT
ff RRTTRRT RR RRR RRTR RRRR RT*R f (RR:-Hd<ild
NO NO ' NO
rR RR*R RRTRTR) | rR RRTT?fRR RtRTfRfTcRT rR
TRTFRRRR RTfR ^Fi RRT RRR T RfR rr:rrrr TfR RTTTR
TRRRRT RR TTRR RRR TTRR RRT RTFRFRR fR;| ^
RRR:   RfffR   RTRRRR   RTRR   ffFRT   fR*R   RRRTRRTf
RRf I R< Ruff f+Rw+1 yR^d *ld4M RfR RRRTR RFRR rRrrT
RRRR-cTRRRfl   RrRfT RR, 1 ^ (^ ) I
w RRRfRR RRRRR T RFTRrfRRFRR R%RIR+T RRTT T^lWt
fRI   RRRRR RTRR RRTRfRfFR,RTCRtRt',RTR Root^ |
*      -N NO
1,Y7RfRRFTRRTRT RtRfRRRFR7^)? RR Ro^^^c \
1WR.R.I
"'^   RTRRR    RTRRRR    RRFRRfFR,   W^ftt    T    RRfR    RrRfT
NO
RfR+TTFR,fMRRfR^77RTFR,RTR Rooc \
1wR.R.AisAe;|
^ RTRRR RRRRRT RRTRfRfFR, ft RIRRFRRTFT RTTRT RRRffRR
RrRfT fRRFR,RT^RT^,RRrR-rR Root^ I
 WTMWt WWW Z RR757RT WWZ
■*>i$fdd wt tfzrw /?W w. iy% ? zrffcr ?°°z
is
RRRRR RfT RpRR RRFRR RfR RffR RffRT*?
RTfrffRRRR TRRR "fR Rff RRRR RT*R f I <m
-RfTRRRRR R%RF?RTf fRfR Fff tR TTRRRRRff RR
"RTffTffR RfRR? | RRfR RR:RRRR*T RRRT RTFFT R?
TTRRffR RfT TTfrfR fRfRR f I
RRR fdfffR*? ftRRR RfffRfR FR ffRRR? RRR RTJR
RRT RRf I "° R FRT "RRRRfRR RRRfRRRR ffRTRR
fRfT TTTTff FTR RRTf "fR RFRRR RR fffffR RR*T
RfffTR RffRT RTf*Rff*" RfRR RTF RTfR? RTR RRRR
fffRR RRRfRR rR TFRfRf I TTRRRRR RRR RTF RT*R
fRd RfTRT RRR RJRf% RdTF?R RR RTRR "RRRTRfRR
RTRffR*T RTRRR ffRRfR ^ R?RR R*RfR;i fRR
*?ld*l ffRR? RrRfRTfTR*? TfR -RRfRRRRRfR RRdTRRTcR
RRTRR TRR RRT RR:ffRT RTT TTRTRR fRRTf RT RR fff
TTRR ffffRf I ^ fR RfRRR RRRfR fR TTRR fd RfRRR
fffTTfR f RTRR R? RTRRRFTT RfR RfdR ff fRf fTTFTS RTR
RRRR RRRRRR RRRRT FR RRfR; I
ffRRRR RRRR*? RRTR Rff? ffffTS Rf Rff RR
RRRRRRRR RRRfR R fR RfRRR RRffdRRfTT FTTJR,
fRfff R fR fRRTRR RtRtRfR TFTfRJ RtfR R RfTRTR
RRRRFTT fRdRTRR fRfRR RRfR, RT RRfR rRRR Rff? RR
RffeR f I WvWA RRRR *l4*TT T RRfR RfRR TfR
RTRRf? RfFRf? RR fRRR yRRPl£ic*l iRddl<d RTTR
TTRTRFTT RdTJR RTRfR? I ffsRdT RRRR y<HIHHd~ -RfTR
T W R?R fRRR RRf fRffTRRd ffR RRffTRFTf RRRfRR
TTRfRJ fRTTRR T fRfRFRR RRRRFTfR TTd«ld*l TRR
TfSfRRTTf TRRff: frfR RRTjR ^?R I RT Rtf Wt^t FR
fRFTcRTf RRR RF? FRTR fR RfRRR RRRR RfT "fR RFRf
TRRRTd" RRTT fRRRRR RTJR RRf T RRRRTTRrR RR FR
RRf I
*TRt RfTRTR RfffR RFTR Rd?fd*l RpRF fffRR
RtRR RR TRF? FR? R?t fR WtWZt RFRRR? RR ftl
-RffRRRR RRTTRRRR FTRR R? R RRRTR? ^F^d ft, RT
RRfR RTdRR R/R "RTTRT Rfff*T-^R | rRr Rf RRf R#T
RR RR:-Hd«ld RRfRRRT R RRfRfffR RRTRRR fRRRR
RfTRRRR RpRR "dft RRR Wi I fdR?RR RfTRTR*? RTd fRf
RTJR RRRR? fRRR R?dt RtRR RTTRR Rtf ffR ^i
RRf I    FTJd.   RRfR   RfRR  RR  ffR  RRfRT  T  TRRRR
°^° FRFtf "Results three weeks after polls, says EC", Himalayan Times,
RR RTR Root^ |
"° RtRR RrRtRRT RR ^RR RFitRRRTt TRR RrRfT RRRT R.5T
RTRRT   RRTRR   TRTTR   RFRRTTTR   R^r   Rdfdd    RR   TFJf   T
R+RRFT TTRTRRT fff, RRdRTRR TRRR RRR FR RR+? RrFT^T
fRRf RRRRfRR FTf I
i^MRRiTR.lsCfo)!
TTRRRR RTT RRFRT -RRR RRFTRFRR yRRRcd*! ftRRR
RtRRRTf fRRRR: RRRf -RFRRf I RT FRff TRTRfTRRT
ir^rit ftrf RTTRf RpRR fffRTRRTf RffT RfRR RTR Wi I
RfffRRR RR ft R^dfTS RR Rd?fd*l RpRR fRRTR*?
RtRR W] RfRR ffR iNdIR* "fRf I RRf TTR RRR
fRF¥*R RTRfRRRTTR rrr+rR RfnRi RfffRt TfR- ft
fRfRR? FjR?R, RRR RRf R*f fTFR RTfRRR RRRf I
if)    hRjJIWi^
RRR T "RRRRfRR RfffR*R TTRTRRRT H^R*I RRdRRFTT,
RRfRTFTRR RRfRR "RffRfTT, TTdiRRR*? fRR RTRR T
RRfR?*R iNdIR* RfffRR*? RTRR RlfR TTRR RTRfT
RffRfM? RR RfRR RfTR RTJR fffRRI RRffTRT*T
-RffR TRRRR RT W^ RRRRR RTfR f I RRR? R?BTR
RRR W$ R RRRfRR TRlRRTRR R^dd TTd«ldl*l RRRRf
RR RR ffR RfT f | fRfffR*? Rf#R RffdR Rf*T tRrR
TTJdT "Rlfrr>*l TRR RRTRfTfTR*? RMmdH RTRRR?
RRfTRTfTffTf T RRFRR RffT ffR RRfTRfTfRR TTFRRR
fTRR RTTRR RRf I TRRRft Rff RRRR RRRT TRFTcRR
RTRTRRRTR RRfffR rR ffR Rf? f I fffTR RdR -Hd^M
RR   RTRRfRR   R5RR   RRFFTRR   -Hd^ldl^-^   (RRT   RRTTR
NO NO
RfjTR*T TRTRR ^ ftRRR) rR "RffRR RfffTR*?
RftRRTRTf, TfRRRfT y^ldlPd* RRRR FJ*RT RR*R
RfRRT RffRR RRRRfTR*? RftRRTRTf yRRP-dd tr?
RRRf I
fR FRdT fRR RTd RfRR RTFR RtR TTTRTRR "ffl RT
RRfR Rsf "RffRRRR fRRJf "fR? RtT ftfR I TRRRRfffT
(RT RT) RRRR?fTT (ft RR) T RRRRRR? TTRRfT
-fffRRRR?fTcR?R tfRRR ffRNR W§ iffif+fl TT? ffRftRSR
RRRfffR  RfRRT  R   RTT  ffR  TRRRRR  FRf  T  Rfft  RRfR
RFRR RFT RRf I    (Rft TTTFTR*?  RTRRRR RR fRRRR*?
NO '
RRTfRfR? ffRNR TRT RffR Rff? ^t^t RR*? f) I M
TRTffR ffRFTS RTRR RRfTRFTT FRfR R=f RTfR fTTR fR
fR T RRfTRFTfR RRR? R?BT T RR RRfR TTR RR Rft
HldTRi ddlRd (TRRRft RffR) RRR RTRR fRI RRR
RRfFRR RRRR? Wt FFTR T RRTRfTfTf ftf^R T TRRR
RRR fRRRRR RRR? RRRTf RRfR RjR RRR RT*T f I
(RTR RR WW W RF*T RfffRR fRfffRRfR FRRTR
RTF*? RTd*R RRfRR Rf? RfR ffRR? RF*T RtfT) I RT
FRRTR RR RT7RRffTR RTRR Wt ffR #T RR RRfRtsIR
TffR ff%R?| T-TRRTR RRTRfTRF RRR dHJTH RrRrR
RR_t RRTR R ffR fT I
RTR fTf*R RRR Tf*R -RfRRRRRRR RffRR RRTRfT
fTTFTT f*dlil RTRRR fR, RT FFT?F?RTf RRTR R=f
fRRRI   W^\ R^RRR TRf TRRf RR fRRlFTT fRfRfRI    fR
 WTMWt WWW Z RR757RT WWZ
■*>i$fdd wt tfzrw /?W w. iy% ? zrffcr ?°°z
n
RRTf TNTRflfTT RTRR RRR Rffff RfF?RT
RTR#SITRRR* RRR Rd?fd*l RrRfRTRR WF TfR
RFRR ffl   TRRf? TfR "fTTFTRRSR TTRR,   TTRR T TRR
(Rrr)   rt  Rrftt  fFTf  ffi'1^   tttrrr  rrTf?r
-RRRTrRr fRfffRR TNTRRFTR*? RR rrlr rRrT*R
TTT*RTRR RRRRF^rR RRRRR rr rR RRffl RdTfTcRT
RRfR TNTRRtfTRRd "RR-TTTRR RRT R=f rR RRRff I
RRR RRFR TTFR ffR RTRTRff?F?R TNTRfTfTR*? RRT
RfRRRTRTf RTTRT RR RTRFRR W^t RTRTRffTFFTR
TRTTRflFTRRf RTR ffR-f RFRT RR?rT*T TRTRT RTfRR fR
RR fffRf I "RRRf? "RTRRflfTf'TTTf fTRT f%T RTRFTT
RTJR RR?F?R tRrR RRRR ffR TRf? fR RJRTJf I
fRf?RR*T rRrr rtrTtt*" rtr ffR i -i *1 rRrrrrt Rffr
fTFtfl fR RR TRRrfff fffRRTR RRf RR R=f RRf T
RRfRR "RJFTrTcRT Rxbdl RRTJR RRf I ffRTR fTTF^Rt
RtRRR ffd RfTRFR <HRyidiWI*l ffRfTf ffd RTRR
RdTFTf fRRT "RT?RTRRR? ttrrrt RRRR RRfR; T "RfRRTR
RTfRRFTcTRf RtR RTfTJR RRT?fl RT RfR ^mt RTFT T
RR R TRRRRT RR fRFTf FTRT RR? ffRtFTf RR RfTR
RTFFT RTRR? RfRfR*T RR RRRRRRT Rfff T TTTR
fRFTcRTf RFR- ffRR RRRTfTf RR "fRf I
"ET)    yfdPr>4|IS<?: N-%fd,3rf^T^T3|<-4)*fd
RfffR fffRR RRRrR?*T F?ffRRFTf ft TfRTRR FR
RRfR I RTRT TfRR T fdRR fRfffRR Rff? -RfRTFTRTrf
RRTR? TR? RRRTfTf ft ffR RRTf ffTTFTfR Rflfd*!
RfTRTRRTf TR*R? RfTR RTfR? fTRR f/Tf I M TTTFTfR
7T^ ^ffff RRftRR RRTR Rff? ffSfR RRRRR ffR RRf T
TRRRd RRRRTTRrR RfTR rR RTJR RRf I RT TRRR
TTRR RRRFTcRTf TRfRf RR RR^R I FRfRR TfRR
RRRRF RR R TRRRRT RR M fTTFTfR TTRR fRffff
RffRTRRTf R RTRRRT RR RRfR; T RR:Rd?fd*l RR RT
RRRT RRTRRTfff RfRRT RRRR ildf dj
Rd?fd*l RrRRRRR RRTRR fRrTRFTcRT HilPld "fR
"RjRdTRRR? -RffTFTcRt RTTR?Rrf *Pf*l RR RRf TRRRT
RT RTf I RfffRRR TTRRR R fRrTRFTcrR- f%R RRfRT
RTfR TRR TR? ft -fRffl M RT^ffTRTsR fRR ffR
-RfRR TfR TR? TTRfRJ fRfffRRIRRT RRTRR RFT*fR?
RTT RRfR RRT TRR? RRTf fRRR RR ftffl RR_t
RpSRRRR RfffRR RRTRRR?*! fffTR RR RRTRTF?RTf RF
"RRTRR FTRf RR "RR RTRRF^TTRR RRR Rfff I
"^ RfR, RRRfRRRR< TFR  (fR^RRFRFR), RRRRRC RFR  (RTRFR),
'no no '       cn v    no no '
RRR RFR (RRRFTRT T RTSRTR-it.) I
ffTRT RTJR RfffRRR RTTRTRFTf T RTRRf rrrRfr w]
RRT*R RRR TNRTRr RFRf FTT RRf I RRR RfffRRR
RffRR RRFRR "RfRfRfRT-IRf RtRR "fR RRf T "RRRRfRR
RRRfRRRR TTRR fRRR RTJR Rff? fR RRR RRf I
RRFTRRR RTfR RRR RfffRR RTRldl41^^*l fTRR FT*"
TfRf "fR oi||H* RRRR RftR*? f I RfffRRR RTRTRR
HRuim*l RRRTR RtRTRftRR RRRRRRTTfT RfRRR FRRR
RRf I RRRT TRRRR: RfRRR RfTRTRRTf RTRRRT RR TRR
RRTR RRf R RR?FTcRR RRR?fTcRTf RHRHRd iNdIR*
RffR RRR RRTTTjR ffRRR TfRTRR RRf I RRRTRFRR
RRRfRR*? Wt RffRR ffRRT RRRTRR ft" RR T
RRRTFFTf ffR RRRR RRRf RRT FRR TRRRTd" RRf Rf*R
RRf I
fdfffRRd >dddl<d tRrt RR? 3FT8FII T RRRRRTR" TTRR
"RfffRR RfRR RR TTRTRfTf TTRRR "fRf''1" RRT
fRf*? RfR RTT RffFR ^RI RfffRRR RTRTRR RfRRR
RRRr??*TRR RR TTRTR RRdfTRRf TTTRR R?RR RFRRR
RRf I RRR RffffRRR RffRTFTf "Rfff, RR?R T RTR?R
ffffRRTRR f%R RRf ^Fd yRRRcdHjf "fR RRf T TRRR
"RFFTRlfRR RRRfRRRR HRuim*l RfffRR "fR fRRTfR ffR
RdTF?RT RRf ^^t RRRf RRf I RRFRRffR RTfR
fRrR R*Hd<HI^ TTRR TTRR TTRRRR RTRT RRRRFTRRf
TfRR rR fRffff RTRRTR RfT RR? RRR RRf^f RR
RRTfffRR ffffTfR RfRR ffl ^v "RfRRRRTR Rft
RRFTTFTf ft RTJR RfRfR, RT ftRR? fRR TNRRrF¥ R
fRRT RTJR TTRR FRTR ff? RTRR RRR TRT f*fRR*R RRR
ffRRR RRf I
RRTfTf rR rrrrtrtR? f I RTRfff dldldi^l T RR
fRRRRfR RTRTR R^RRTfTR*? fR*R RF*t RT^ fRF?R
RRft fR? RRffl TRR-TfR RRTRF?tR Rf? fRRRRR fR T
TTRffTf RTfTT? "ff RRfR:
D %qt ("HT^fFfDl RRR RRR? RTRR tRrRR
ffRRRfR RTf fffRR SffRRRd RR RTJR RRf
RRT RRTRflFTfR RRTRT RR tRrr ffl RTRRR
RTR <if^J RRRTR FFTRR RRfTfR RRfR fRRR
RTR ffR -RRRTf TR*F? fR RRFRR ffl ^
"' TftTRT RRRR RRFRf d6 + RI RRTTR^it +li<MI^ RRRRt,
"RtRR fo in TRRfRR Fff T _<_+<! RTRR rRtFRT TtR
-RRTRTFRRt RRR RRTRFT RTf I " "PM assures donors about timely
polls", nepalnews.com, R^ RtRRR ROOt^ |
"Y RRRfR RRRRRt RTRT RRWRRR RtfRR RFRTR ffl ^fT
RTRf f I   RliRl'H RTRRRR RRTRRlfFR, RrRfT fRRFR T RRRfR
RFTRrfRRFR,rtsrRt,rtR Rooc I
1W RRFtR RRFRRT TTTRt,  "FTR? RfRRFTRRTRt RTRR RfRRfRRfi
NO "S NO NO
TRTRR Rft: RRiR'ekantipur.comR ? RTR Rooc |
 WTMWt WWW Z RR757R7" WWZ
■frljfdd WT tfZTW /?W W.   1Y%   ? 3tf$w ?ooz
?o
RTsffRflfTcRT RTRRR RFRtRFF RTT ffR RR?F¥
RRR? RRfFRR Rlf? tRrT RRTffl fR^f RfffR
RfRRffT T "RRRTRRFTcRfR fRTR TTfTRRff
RTRTRRT R*f RRTRRR RrrR RRfRRRR
RRffTcRRR*R 'RTTR? TRIT'Rr -d^l-dTd RT*R fRffff
Wit RdTfTf -RR*T RRTR RR RR RRfff I Rff?
Rf? -RRTRTRRRR TNTRfT RRfTJRTfTcfR RfRR
RFFT -RRRTf TRRRT RR RTRTRflfTcTTTf RRf
"FTfT fRf I
□ F=J>T T T?*1Tif I RRRfRfR trtrr fff RRTf TRF*?
RRR T FFRRT RfffRRR fffRR TRRRT tr?
ffRRRR? RRTR5R "RRT RTRR ffl TRR" fflft"
RfR RdTF?R RffRRTRfT -gfR RR Wt RRT RTR
RTRRTR RRfR RRR*? R RfRRR RfdRfRRRfTf
RF*R RRf? tr? RRRff I RffR RTR RRffFTf R?
RfffRRf R RTRRRT tR? ffRRfR fRff RR
RTR RRftFTf R^TTRRFTcRT RR RTRRRR TRR
TRRRRr Wl RlRi*l TRR RRF fR RRRff |
D "F$# <*<rl*H RffRR fR rR RRfF?RT RRT
-RRRTRRRTR RRRTfTcfR fRRfRR fRfRR TRR
TTR fRf I RRTT? fRFTRRdRRT RRR T FFTRRd"
RRRFTf RR Rd?Rd fR TTFRRR ffR f | T&$\
fRFTffTf TfRR ffRNR fRR?fTcRR RrRf RFF?
RlfRR fR RRf I RRR RTTTRTT RRRT TRFTRRf
RTfR RRFR RTFR RRTR RRf T RRRfT
RfRdfTcRT fR ffRR rR RRf I fRRRRR
RfRRT RTRTR*? TFR RRTR RRR? TRF?R?R
ffRRR R fT RR TTRFFT ffR RRRfRRR fR?
RlffRRd RtRR RfR RfRTR RR RTRRd RdTfTcRTf
ftRR RR5R ff RRf I TRR RfTRTR RRRf
RRfR RTRRf RpRRTfRR TRR fTR R RdTfTcRTf
RfRRjR FRRR RRR fR RRf I
□ <MMI<i)3«P I RTRTfffrFxSR RRTF*? RfftRF¥fR
TTRR T RR TNTRfT TRFTcR fRffRfRR RTRRR
RTst" RTFRR ff T TRR ffRRRRR RdRfTRR
TRRRR  Rffff   RRR,   RRRRRR  T   RRTTTTfR
' "n ^
TTRfRRTf RfFf RT RFTRR ffl iNldl41i?^ RRTR
ffR RRR fRRTR*? RRRT T?f*R Wi% RT RTRRTTf
%RR T RTRTR RTRRR fffRRRR fRffRT fff
RR?fTf RTRf RRf fR ^Rf I
D 3{^iJT|A| y|dRbA|| | RRRR T trrrR fRrtrrr
RTRRR RRRRT RRTR*ff? T TRRff: RRRRt
R?dT fRffRT RRTRR fRf I RRfR fffRRpRR fR
RTRRf? fRRRR T fffR RR?fTfTf T-fRTR RTR RRT
RRfftR RTRRR?F?RTd" RRf TR*" ffl RrTrtTrR
RRRfRT  RTRRT  RR  TRR*R  fRRTRflfR  RRRRf
C NO NO
HRuimcHI^ RRRT RfR TfT*R tr? TRRf \^
RJ)R*H RR RTRTfTfTRR RRRR ^t "RT*RTRf
RTfT*R      tr?      TRRf,      RRT      fR      RRRfRR
17 NO NO  NO
RffRfRffTcRT RffRR ftff, RfffRRR ffRRRRR
TrRRRTRR fffR fR fTTR Rtf ffFRR ffl ^
RR7TTfTff?fTcR TTR fffRR RRFRR RR RTfRjR
RR TRF?7. RTffR RRfd wl fffRR RTRRf fR?
RRRff | (-RTR fRRTRR w] RR*R TTd^ldRff T
RffTRRf ffff ff TTRR fR TRR ffRRR
RfRfRfRfTcRTd" RTRT RRf) I RT RfR RRTR fRffff
fRRRRTf  RRRR  ffR?  RR   RTf   MA*A   RRRRf
NO  NO
RRRR "RTRTRR RRf RR f I
RRfffTf RFT RRTRft RR RTRfRR RTfRRRT Rdff d RRRT R
fT | RRRRR RfRT RRTRTR fR fR? fRffff RR R RffR
RfRRR RRfR Tf TRf TRRf I ^ TRRRR RR -RfRRRR
RRRf ffR f RtRR "rRtRTRRRTRR -RfTRFTf*?
fRfffRTRRRT TRRTRTR*? Rffff T ffRRtRf' rR RfRRRT
TfRR f I ^% TRRR RfRR RfRTRRR 7RRTR?RF?RSRRfd"
ffdRRR RtR TTffTRFTR*? fRTRR TffR f I fRfR ftRR?
RfTRTR RR RfRRR RfTR TFfJRR "RTRf RFRT RfRTR
RRf I <1vo RT fR fRT RfTRT f*dlil RRR TTTR? RRR RTR
RRRf I RR RR?fTf*T RRR*T "RTRf RfR*R?% T
RRfTflR- RTRR? RRTR RR FffTRRffR? R RRTR ffR TRTf
RRRRRflf ffR RpRR RRRR "RRTJR RTRRRf RR
RfffRTR RRR TTRfl"'1 M RRRTR R RR
RRRRTRRfTf RR*? RTt RfRRRRf TfRf RRRTf RlfRR*
1,5 RRtRFR-RTTRt RcTRRT RTRRRRR RRt fRwTTRf RTRT
RTRidI'D(?<?+! RRR RRTRRR?? RfTR RR RTRTR ^W?t RRRf f I
RrR <rdd-R T fRRR Rdfdddld RRidl'H'l RTR rR fRRRRft
TR?RR RTf RR RRRT RRRR RtR TTR+T f I RRRRR RRRR+T
RRRfRf, rRb" RRRTR RfF^ttfRR, RTR Root^ | R< ^|TPd+ TRtR
RfRRT RTRRf RTTRTR RR? RfR RSRf RfRRlRR RRFTR RfR RRf I
"u RTRRR RTRR RRTRRrf, RRR*) RFTRrfRRFR, +I6RI^!', RTR
ROOC I
"q RRRRR RFRl, RR T RR  RdRRR RRTRFR tRR? RRrRr
TTRT R7fRFT7RT RFRRR RrRfT Rl4|i|<l RdRRR RRf I   RrRfT
RTRfR RR f^CJ I   RfR RRfRRRFR^ft RfRfRRFR TRR^R T fRRR
RRTR RR RRfRR RFRRRfi "RTRR RTRfRR f/R RfR RrRfT RRRf
RRfRR TT RR RRRf (R rR RTFR R RR Hd4M R^R+T RrRfT
TT RR d<+lf I ) R.R, ^(R) I   fRRRTRR7??) RRIRRRRt oRRTRFFT
T fRfRFRRt RRRRR, ^o^V I
"% RfRRFTRRT  RTRTR Rr  Rof,^   Rf RTRTRR T   3(1) I    WWm
TRTRRFRFR^f? RRRRRR RFTRFRt RR+T RTR+T RRRRR fRft RTTR
RRRFR fTRRf f:  "RrRfTRFR7?)) ^S _{l (?<?+!  RfRRR wf", RrRr
RfRRFTRf RRT 11c; I
^"RfRRFTRRT RTRTR RR, ^oi- ^, 1o(<J |
^R.R.IVCDl
 WTMWt WWW Z RR757RT WWZ
■frljfdd WT tfzrw /?W W.   1Y%  ? 3tf$w fooz-
??
Rfff? T TTRR -RfTRRR*? RR PtRf RfRfRff fRf I RTfR
RRftfTf*T fffRR TTRRR Rffff RTRRTR R ffff ffR R
RRTRTf RTRRR RfRTRR R5TR ffR iNdIR* RRR RRRR?
RRRFTFTcRRT Fft ff RRRf |
*.   ^I^^f ^*^U|chM
RfRfRRRRR RR RTRRRR TTtTRRf | RRRf fRfRR RRR
"WW ffR RpRR RpRR RTRR RfTRRR RRTRTR RRRf rR
"RRJRRRrRRR fffTR ^F RTR RRT R?R TRTRRRR RRRf |
RRRRfRR RR RRRRlfRRRRTf flR TRRTRR RRRf I
TTfRRRRRRRR Rff? PTRRFTRRT RRRTR "RfRR RTRf f RR
Rff? fffRRTR R R-dR+T iiRyidTTI RRRTfRRR ttRttrT
Wi\   FTR?  RfTRTR  ft fR RRTf  iNdIR*  "iTRftFTRRT
Rtrt tfr?i   ttr frr rt£?f?r "RRfRR rrrt rr
TTFRRR   RTRlfff "RFRf "RfTR RRRR TTRfTRF ^FtJ tR
NO
RffR R? RRf? RRRR RR RR Tff TTRftfTft RR*T Rfff I
-5RRR Li*dl*l TRRRT RRfR RldlRldl FFTRfR -RRT
RF*? RTT RTRR Rffff fRRRRR RRRFRR TTTRRTRR RRRRfRR tR? RRfR RR Tf^lMd RtfRRfRR FRF? RRRR ffR
RRRtff I TTR fRR RRR? RTRRRR RR TRRf RfR fff
Rf*" RfT RTRff | Rf)fTfRR*R TRRR RRRT RRR RffR
RdlF? TRRR TRTFRR ff I RT FRR FRRTTf PRT TRRRT
RRRRRR TRR RRR fTTFTf, fRRfRR RR TTRR ft
"RfRTfTf RR RTR TfRT RRRfRfTfRRRfR TTJR RRlfRfR?
yRRRcd*! RRRRRRT Rfff I RRTRR RTfR RR? TRTtfflfRRf
fRfRf ff RTTTT f I
-rRtRTRTTRTRR fffR? ^F RR TRf: Ryfdd RRFTTTR
RRTRR oRRf^TrfffR RRf RRfR TffTfRfl"^ RRpR
-RffSTTfR RRRfffRRR*R TTfRfFRRRRR RRfRRRR RRR RffT
JwRsi Rff RRR -RfTRrfRRR TRRf RRRf TFTRRR
RRRRR? RR RRRRRRT*? RTRTR ffR RRRR R TFR?I
RRRR srsf f? RTRRR ffFRT, RfRaRT*? RTRf Rlfff
WIW, -RfTRFffR RRffR RfTR RTfR R TRR RTFT RR
RRRRR? RRfRR ff TTRfl"5 RRTtTR "rRtRRR
"rRtRFRTRrR didHR? R Rff RTRRT RRR fR "RfTR RT
ffR TTTRTRRR "RfRTRRRTRf "FfTRFfTRNR RTRRT -ddlJdHd"
^FtJ fRfff RT*T f I w   R-dR+T  "RffRRRRRR RRRFRR?
NO ' NO
TTFFfRR RjdRRfff , RTR? fR d<H*TTI TfRtFTfRTd" RJdRffff,
RR?fTf FR TTFFfRR R RJRRRfffl"* 'TTFRR" RRTR
TTTRfRFT TTFRR" RRT RpRlfRR rRttrR FRR "RfRRRRTRR
w RRpR TRRRFTrT RRT Vi<(V):  "oRRTRlfR+R RRRRf RRRFRR
RfRRFTRRPRf RfRRt d6 + lff TtfRRf I "
"^ R.R., RRT ttte) RfRHFT+T RTRTRRRR RRR RRRRRR RFRRR
rrRr rRrtr+T rrt WW r °rrr rRrrI f I
1YY "RfRRFTRRTRt R.5R RRRTf RTRRRR RfRRRR? RRRR,
rRRrRtRRT R.5R T RRRFRR) RR RRFR RR R11^
RTRRTRFRRFfTfRR fjf I " RR, RR VV I
wR.R,rrt 3c<<l-3)l
 WTMWt WWW Z RR757RT WWZ
■frljfdd WT tfzrw /?W W.   1Y%  ? 3tf$w fooz-
??
RfffRRR fffRR RTRtTf*"  RTR ffR TTR fR*T "RfRFTR
PfR- -R[fR*RRRRR R RRRR TfR RRfR? I 1"
RRRFRrT RRfRRRT Rffffff^ iNdlR-dld ffRR fRfR fR
RR RffR RR*R R? RRTf RRRR? fT RRR "RfT f I RtRR
RRfR RfR  RR RfR RTfR TRf ^Rl    Jd*l   RR   d*l*l
ttrrrRr RffRRrR*? rtrr TfRf f i rrr -rRtrrtrrtrR
fffR? "k&F RRTf RfRR RT -RRfRTFTRTRT RfRRR R
ffRtFTf   RfRRRTd"   RRRR   RRRpTRRftRR   RRR   RRfRf I
rrTrtrt fRcR^cd? tttrrtrR ttrrt wl rrfrT f rt
RTRR?   RRf?   RRRRRR   RTRRRf?   RfRR"   RRfR   RR
no ^
RfRtRRR RRTTR Rdf "RfRRRRFRR TRRRT RRTRRR
"RfRRRTRTRR TTRRR TfRR JwRsi tRtRT f I w T-rRTTTR
Rff 'TTRRRT RR? fTTRT RfRR TTRTRRfRR RRRfRRRT
V C~N C NO
RRTR' TRRRT ^t RRF*? f I RRT*R RR Rf f? rR
RRRf fRRfRR RTfR fR RR RRR RpRRRRfRT TRR
RTJR RRf I ^ RR TTTF^R Rff "rRtRRRRTrR -RRRR
ft RTRRRR ffffRRRR TTTRT TRR ffR RRRRT RfRTRR
TRR ff*T ff TTRff I
TTfRfFRRRRRTf fRfpRR R=f RRRR RTTR fRf I RTRRRT
TRR RRRfRftR TRRR" fflft" ffR RflfdRR*) RffRR
TRTRR RRRR TTRTF*R f rR RdffdHR? ft; R*RR ffR
RR RRf, TfRRRf? "Rlfrr>*l "RTRR fffRftf rRrR TRTTfR
RfffffR fffRR RFF*R RfTRTRI RfffRRR ffRffTf
-RffTRR RRffff -RfftRRRRT RRR rR RRT Rff RTRRT
RRRRRTRRR -RfTR RRRR TTTtR R? RRTffRRRTTR RTRRTR
RfRT Rtrr Rrr RRRRfff i rrrr rtrrtr ffRtfR: trrt
"RfTRRTTf fffR -ddlJd RRf, fRRRR fdfffRRR? WWA ff
TTRR RfTRTRR FT fffRRR R RR RFRT RfRfR Rff
rrrR rt rrR -^fti
"*§")   flfatlH^MI*") 4lt3sdl "^5"
Rffff RTRRTR Rd?fd*l RpRR RpRR R?RR RT*R R<\
ffRTRR RRRTRfTR "FTfRRRRTRR fffTR ^F RRTTRRRR
-RfTR f I w 'RffR? R5R' fffR? ffRfR FTR RR TRR
fR ¥TR RTRRR RfTTf RT RRR ffRf RR RR fffRRR
f_rrTfrr rr? r? RfRt ffR Rpff Rff i n° rrrr rrrrrrr
1Y5 "WS RfRRFFRt RRfRRRR TTRR  'TFRfffRR RFRfR' RRRt RRT
TFRtrfRR RRpRRTR RRRf TFRftfRR RFRfR RR R3RRvf I " RRpR
RTRRFT, RRT   3^(1), cRWRTR fRRR?|   RRt RTRRRf R5R rR
RTR Rf T RR RRRTRRdRR RRRf I   R.R., RR VV I
rM f+R RFHMl4)+l RfRRSRFTR, R.  1 % I
1YqTRRtRl-RfRRTRR.R. 3£ I
w RRpR rRTRFT, RRT ^(<Dl
w° RRTrRRTrRr   RfRRRR:   "RtfR7?" RRT   RRTR   TTR   R5RRR   RRR??
RTRTRT   RtRl + lR+   oRfRfFR   "%R" RR  RTfR  RfRf I    TRRRT?
RRRR+T   RRRTR   RR   "%RTR?   RRR   "RfRRRR'  RR   RfRf I
RRRRT RRRTf RR RRRRRTR*? RRR, RR? TTTRRTRR ^i^i
RR RRt "RffRRRR PFtRrRR ffffRRRRT RRTRR R?RR
fRR RTfR Rffff I (RRRffR <HRyid*l RTRR RRT tR?
RR  RTRTfRRf?   *l4*l    P)4-4)o||(1*1   fffRRf  RfffRI )   RTR
Rtrr RrR ~wa rr rrrR -rrrrTftrr trrrr rrtRr
TRRRRRT fR -RfTR rRttrR ^R I RpfRRTT*? FRR Rf,
TRTR RRR TTFTtRRR RRTTR R^ RR yRRPl*) RRFTRR
TRfRfff I RT "RffRRRR ffRfRR RRf^TTR R? ffffR
ffRTRRT TTTffR fR RRf I
RRTffR "RfRR Rf :'TfffRTRTTRTRR fffTR ^A*<d trrrr
RRRRRT RRf' RT RRR R RRrRrrrrR ffTRTR RT*T f,
R R TRRRR TTTRT fR *l4i?Ndl R fRffff RT*R f I n<1
"RffRRRRT*R %*RTR Tff: *ld?Hild RfRR? ffrfff I
TRR RRT TRRff: Rtd ff RRRf I RffRRR RR fRFTf
RRTR RRT FfR RTRRT RRRRRRRRR RRRT RrRf RffR
RTTjR RRR fR TTRffl RTRT RRttTR "RffRRRT
RRFTTRRRRR fffR? %Rf*R RTRRR RfRf?iRT TTRRR RTTR
fRRR RfR RRT dl**|44| R?% RT^ J^^ RTRRRTTRR
RRRR RRR RffffR fRR RRRTd" fR R fR fRRRR*?
RRffTRfR RRRRRRT fR TTRR fffRf I n^ RfTR cdl*dlPd*
RRR^ffR RRfRRRR RTRRR RRR? RfTTfRp ffTRR fffTR
FTRR Wl fR RTrTrtT RR f?| TRRR R-dR+T TTfRfRfRT
TNRTTf ffTRTffR rR RTRT dc*M*l -RTRfffR "fTTfft%
RTRlo|l41*l -RfRRRRRRTR RRR* RlfRRTR -RTRR rTRrtr
RTRR ffl ^ RRRR RRR RRRRRR RRRT fR Rtf
ttRrR Wi, TFR RRfR RRfRRRR RRTfTcRR fdRR fR"
RTRf Rff I nV
RRlfR RRpR RfRRTRRR ff? ^TRFR ft "cTtRr RFRRIFT RRRR ffl
Rt   T^   T   "^SW'  RSR   R   RfRRRTRR   fRRR   RRfR   RRRf   f I
(RRFR: R.R., RR SSiR)) TR ^RR RRRlfRR RTRRRR RrRRR R
RfR TR   "RfRRt  %R" RRRt  RfRRRR  RRFR    _^l^id   RTR
RTT+f   R5RRRT   %r^   ^W   RfR   FR   RRf I     RRRRT   RRRR
RRRfRf, RTR Root^ |   R^RR+f R?T f ^%(R) Rf RRRR R5R+T
cRTWR fRRTR Ff TTRR "cRT RT%f I
w R.R, RR U^(^),"ftRR ff RFRfTRTTi yfdRRdd RR+R fRRf
RRf   RRfRRRT   WS   RRTRft   RRRR   RRRRf   fRRf,   RS   RfFRT
ROO\3 |
WR.R., RRT f ^%(^) RfRRT RTRf fRRf: 'RR RfRRTR+T RR "cRRr
#R%    fM%R+T    Rtr    ttR    RfRRFTRRPRf    rRrT    %R%    RTRFR
RFRRRR RRfRR TF7? fR RTFl" RR fRRR RRf I "
"'"'RRR RRTRFRRf RfRRRRRR.R.  1^,1
WY RRFRR#   +lsKMI+l   RFRTTRR   RfTRTR+Ttl   RTRRRC   RTRRt
fTFR   RRRfRfR   RfRRTRT   RFRRR   rRrRrT   RRR   RTRTf   RfR
T^lWt fwt;.
"RR:   RTTFTRRT  TTRR  RRRRRf  RRTTTf  R  RrR, RRR  RRRR
7RfRRFTRRrRt  RfRRt   d6 + lff   -RTR  RRRf  RRRR  fT  RR  RRR
TRRRT RRFRfR ddlH+l fRJ  W |^f R?
 WTMWt WWW Z RR757RT WWZ
■frljfdd WT tfzrw /?W W.   1Y%  ? 3tf$w fooz-
?•?
^m T TTRTRfflF?R RRTRR TTR tr? RRf trrrrrR ffRRR
RRRR RfT R RRRRRfffFRR RTRt RRTRR RRFR TTRTRR
RffR*? RRRf RRf JilJd TTRffl RTRTRffRT
-Rl%TTfRRRTTf RJR TTTR -RRRTR*? fRRf? RfRTRR TRRRT
fRFRT RRT RRR? RtRRRRR JwRsi RffRRfRR ff|
RfTfTRRR RTfR, RRRFff* TTfRR fffJRT wl RRT RdTfTfR
Rff RTTRR ffl R? RRRRF?TRf RT RRfRR ffR
RRRRRR*? RRRf TRRTRf rRrR fR? | J|U|d^M TfTfR"
RTRR   TNT*?   RRRRfRR   FffR   T   TTfRRTR*?   fdRFTTfR
' y\ NO NO
fRRTR fTjRTJRRR fR? I RRpR "RffRR R RR fR rR
RffTfR    RFffffR    TRRRR    RRfRfff    fPrRTRTT    RTRRR
RRTRRR R? ffRRF? fRRRR1? fR tdTRf f I
TT)    3#q^nW"vT^lRd *K+ dr<^
lf%fT| RRR -RR T RTRTRR? RR fR RTRRRR ff RfR
Rf? fffRRf RTR RfRR RRTRTR TfRR ffl RRTsR fffTR
-RRTffff RfRRR RTRRT RR RTfT "RRRfR RTRT RfR RT
RR? RTRR RRRR) RRRRTfT RRR? TfTRf*? RfffRTTf
RR:TRTffR   Rf?   fffR   ff?   Rft   Rff   RRRR   f I    RRFR
NO NO   C '
TNRTRr FTfRF FRTR ffR R_? -HlgRl* Rt%R*R f I
TfRRft RRTRffT RRT*? TTRTRTRR RR RRTJ? "RRI^TTFrR RTR
fR RTfRfTR "RRTR RRR? RRFRTf fRR fffRRTRRT RfRTTf
RTRfRR TRR RTRRRT RTT RRR "RTR RTfR RrffTTfR
f I RRR TTRRR FRRTfFR RfdRRR "RR fffRRR RfRTR
'TFfRFTR  *ldd£lil  TRTffR'  RfR ffR RTRRTRR  RTTRRrf
NO NO
TRRR w] RRR? ffRRfR fRRT T?T | n!< RRRTR RTR
RRTRfT RRTRT "RRrRrRRTRRT RRR? RRTfRTf WFi TRTT
RJfFT*Tm RRRT RRRlfR RtpRRd" "RRT*? RTRTRTRR RRR?
RRTfRTf Rft Tff RTR TRTTT I nis Ro RRf Root fR ffR
TTffR -RfRRRTRRT RR  RRRT RTRRfRR TRfRR tr? rrR
RTRT:  RR+T RR RfRRf d6 + +l  rRRR RR RR RfR |R RRf, RT
mtk RTt TRf RR fRI   RRRR RRft? RR RR fRRRR RRR RlR
RRf I
RR: RRR^R RRrt? RTTf R? Tm RRTRRfFFR RTRRRTFT R + lRl-ff
fR R Ft?
RTR: TFRR R RfR, RTTRR RTfR fR fR fTRT R^fR RR WTt
RTFT ^R I ", RRTRRR, ekantipur.com, 1 X RR Rooc \
w ""RR fRRR  ^o^V  Rt RRTRRR RRR? RRRT ^W^t RRpTTi
RRFT RRFTfR+T RfR',RRR? RRRT RRFT RTRRTR, i, RTR Rooc, \
IhmI      RR+T     RRRTRTRf      RRfR      \t,,      www.nepalarmy.miT.np/
news.php?news id=2173&& lan=np.
FRFRT "No need to create wave out of my remarks: Army chief,
ekantipur.com, f 3 RRRR Rooc, |
w -RRfRR RRRT TRRRRT Wt^t TRFR W$tWt RRR RRR RRR
rRr*T f: "RRTRff RRRFTTTTi RRRR RRRR RfRRTR RRRf
RRT rR RRTR RfTRRf iRI RRftfRR RRR RFRR oRRtfFTTTTf
RRRT Rfff RR RTRfR I TRRRT?, RfRR RRF R RRRRRR RTRRR
RTRfRR Rfff FR RTfR I" "NA no to recruitment of politically
indoctrinated",nepalnews.com, c; TTTR ROOC, |
R^f fR" RRf T RRffff RR Rf5R wl ~3pA rR RRRTRTf
NO C~N NO ^
f*RTR TTFR rR ^Wf) RRTff? ffR RfTR? RRR fffR I nc
RRRfRT RRRR TTfTRRfTcRrf RRR? RRR RRRRRR rR
TRRRR fR FRfR RfRRTf RTRTRfT ffftR FfRfTR?F?R
ffRRRR TRR fRf RTFR RTRfR RRTR RTRTfTfT
RfRffF¥*T RRR RfRT R Rtf? ft I RflfdRdlR R RR
<H44|i|i>dd rRrj| RR R<3 f^RTRT ^ools rt RR*R RRRrR
RRf T Rfff? Rooc; RT RTR RfffR TRRR RfffRRR
TTRRRR RTF?  RRT rRttrR RpfRfR RRRfTRTTf FRfRffR
rtrrrT*? Rnrrr ?rr Rrfrr ff i rt rrrRtT RRRrf
RffR d 1 TRR RffRRf RfTRTR TTTRTTf rRtftrR RRR R?
RRT RFRTTRR fT I RRRfRT "RRRR RfR*F¥ fR^?RR RfRRRR
RJTRT ff (Rff? R RrRffRT*" TfRR TfR RTRR ff) I RR
RRRRT RffRRR <R RRRR RfRRF?RTf RffT RTRR
RRRR ffRRRR Rff? PtRRFTfR TRRRRT ^i^tt
TTfTRRFTcRTf Rrffr RR fd fRTT*? RtSIR RRFTRR RT*R
fln,> fRfRTRR "RRR RRR? RTRRTRf ^Fi ffRRRR
RfTjt" TRR*? f TRt "RiRf RfRTRR "RfRRT TfRTRR
RfRRftRR TRR RfrfR? | fR -RR RTRJRR iNdIR*
"RJptT*? RRRRR RRfRR TRR TfR T iNdlR-dlffi Tfr
RfffR RTRRRf TRRTR RRTjR ffRffR R RtRTRT Roo^
Rt ffTRf "RlPf TTFfFR*R TTR f? I fT RTf? RfTffR Wi,
ffRft   RRRR  TRsf TRTR RRfR ff T frtff "RTfRR
<M4\$\$*?*\ yld'IHfl RMI ftRRt TTRrRfRfTfR TTRRRRR
TRRRR -rRtRTRTTRTrR fRRRRTf RRRRR Rff fffRRRR Rf
RffR TNT fR RfRR RfT "RRRRRTcRTf R? fR RRRR
RfT fRf I RRFFRR ffRRR <H?yRt RTRT ff "RRRRTR
TRR fffRTRTf ffRR RRfffRRfR R RfR" RfR# 44f|.H
R RdTfTRR TRR R?TFSRRR RR_r rrr ftl ^° TTRRtRfft
RTRTR RR TRRT RRTRR ffl (^i RTR TtRtrrR?
ffRTR RRTRT1? fffTTRR ff) RffR RfR RTR "RfRFRRTTRR
ffRfRT  RfrfR  Rft RRTR TRR  rR RRRfR   rR^RRT
1*c 'RRRRR? RfR R^5R R? RRi" RfRFRRt RTR RRR? RR RRR
fR', nepalnews.com, RO RTR ROO^ |
w F^RRT'TRrRfT fTRTR R f" , RRfRR, +l6Rl^t, ^^ RrR Root^y
RdRFTRf RRRfRT, www.unmin.org.np/downloads/publications/2008-03-22-
UNMTN.Election.Repoit.l.ENGpdf, ROOC TTTR ^ | fR:RR RTRRff
RR T -RRRR RdTRT RtrITRFR RFTRf f?ffRT R o^R+dlti W^t
RtRIRR RtRR? RTRR R RTTTRtRr RTRTFT+T fRRf fRR RFR RlfFT
RR RRfR RT RR RTRR RR "STTRTFT f ^ RfRRRRRT Rtf? RR
RRfdRI "FRRR T RR oRRTRFTR+T RRFRRRR RFRRR RfTRRf
TRrRr'.c; fRRFRT ^00^,31^4 \t.R(\t) |
u° F^fjFffRrR rrrtr! "rRrr -rrr', §vrw mm&i<*i, r^,
RRRt? ROOtz, I R^T "RRR RR RTF? R# ^f-R+RRTR ^R RTT
Tm R%T RRf RRR FR RRf T Rf RFFRRR fRRR -RRfRR? RR
"_TR TRRRT'Fff RR RRRR? ffTR? ^R RfTRRf f I
 WTMWt WWW Z RR757R7" WWZ
■frljfdd WT tfzrw /?W W.   1Y%  ? 3tf$w fooz-
?Y
fffRRR-fff I d*lRd*l Rfft iUTpg^ ftRR Rf W\° RR
RTfRRRTf R RRRJRRRTRRRR ffRRRRR RTTR "fRT TRflT
fRFRT 4|Rif*l ffl fR RRRRR? RfRRRTT RfRfR"
RRfR fffR FR%TcrR %R TTTfT RRR -ddlJd fTRRT
ffR FRf I TRR (TTfRTT) Rft ffR RRRRRfTTfRR RTRt R
RfRrffR f RT TRR RRRt RrRtsr TTRRR RFR fR TRRf
rtr RtrfffRi   'RRRtPtr f rR rTrrtrR RfR RRRjR
TTR fR*dRR Rff? RTfRRFTf ffR ff -RRR "RRR R-diilfSd
TTRRR RR RTrRr TTRdTfRR fRT RRfRR RRRf RTR
RRfRR "FTfT f I
TNRTfflF?R TNRRfR 4)ddiRTRR RTfR t??R TffR RRTR
RRTrJT fffRRf*R TRf Td RRTjR R^ff I RT RRR?
RRTRRR TTRRRR ffRR TNRTTf fR:"RR? RTfRRR fffR
PrRfRRT RFRR TTfTRf|u<1 -rRtRTRTRT RfffRRR
RRR*RTR?f RR RRTR, TTfTRRR" TTR fRRTRRFTfRTf RRR
RTT TTRR TRSRTjt" RTR RRTfFRR RRT "RRR Rff? RRTF¥
fR, R? RdfR ffRR RRR fffff I fffRR RRRRRRfTfR
RrffTTSTRTRR RRRTR RTRRT RRRRfjsRR Rft ffR fR R fR
RfRTRR RRRRRR RRR f I RT TRR RRT? RpSTRRTTf TTJR
fRRFlffR RfR RRRR fFR RRR TRR "ff rR ffR
fR?!*1" fRTfR RpRR RR TRRff: fffRRR RfffRR
TNRR*? TTtR ftRNTft RRtf I fRRR RRTTRfRR R
RRRR*R TRRR RffRR TTRTRfflf^ RpTRR TNT RRRfR
RRR? RRR RpRFR RR? TTRff I
*H<4\< "?llf% #RT| RRRfRT RRfRR FRRT RRFRRfff
RfRpRRRT Rff? RR RR TfRR RRfR? rR R*TRt "RlPf
3tfRR RRRRRR RRRRRR "RRfRRRfRf*? RpRR RR ^
RRRR f I RfR RR TRfFRTRTtR ffR fRRT RffqfR? ffR
ffRTf "RlPf i)4ffldl*l TTfTRfif R^TFTfRTf -RFRRf rRttrr
^Rfl   RfffRRR RpRR %  RTR rR RTRTfTR?FTc7R  RTRR
tTtRRTTr FRRfRTF?TRf R*RTR RRTfTTTf RRRff T
RdTfTfR RTRR RFTRRR "RffT RTRRFRf Rf w] ffd ffR
TtTftRI    ^   RRRTTr RdTfTfR  RTRR? RRpfRff? RRRpff
NO -V
RRTRTtfR RR RfRR RdRR R? TRRfW Rf tR? RdTfTf*R
RfffffTR "RFfT RRRFRR f | ^
"RRpR RTRRR TffR RRR RRTR RRTfTfTfTf R TNTRfftfTf
ftfff i rrr rr rrrR- rrtTrrrr RfRfR Rf ^itj*1
f RR RRfTf Rrt*TR RtfRd RRR RRf T RRTR fRRFTR
NO
RRTRRR TR fRfR RTTf I RR*T RRTRR RTRRRTTf R
ffffff tr? TRRR "RRpR fffRT*R RRRR "RRRRRRRTTf R
TRTRTR RTR RR fRfR Rff? ftff I ffRR? '^ttWi RR "RRpR
-RTRf*T RRRT fRfTRRT RfffR RT*? RfffRTf RffRR?
RRFTrR f RR RflfdHR? TRRff: tR TRRTR Rft RFRT
RRf I
^ RRt ffRRRIFJ RdRTRT RpR*! ftRR RT RFrRtFR RRR^R+T
RRTR RRRff RfR RTTRR RR+T R4TT RRf RR ffRRR TFRRRFR
fRRTR fRTI RRT RTRRRsf? RR RRR (RRR) RT dr+l<rfld "RR
TRpRRR RRRt RRRR fRT, "RRRR R:jWn RfR TRFRR+T TTRR
"cRT RR+T f I RRRR TTRTRR WTt RfTTF+T f RR ftwi TTRf I "
RRFRRf, Spotlight, RS RfFRT ROO\3 | RRR #+TRRRR RRR?
tRrRtR RfTR RRRTtRRR RRRRffR yfdd4dl 7RjRfltR rR RTcT RT
RRRRRRT RRFRRRR! FTRTRT RTRTFT T RJRRTjT RFR RTRT
RRTRft RRFRRf Rt# %fTRTTR RRRR ^RT RRf RR RTR fRR
RT R+iRtr+T fRRf |
^ TRFRRTTi V^> RfRRRR RRRT RfR RR RTR RTFR RRRRRR;
TTRRTRFTTt RTR RTRRR fT , R#R RRf T RRRRRR RR, "RRR+T
RRRRRR TFRRFTR RRTRT: 7TTTf5RTR? RRRRRR' TTrFRfR#TRRT?
RtRrFR, RTSTTTcR, RTR ROOt^ | 3TTRR ROO\3 R rRr+T R+T
RTFR RFd; RfRRTRRR X.% RfRRR RTR RRRR+T RRR fRR+T
f T RRR TFRRRffR RRRT RfRTF+T fRR+T f I "State of
Democracy in Nepal", International IDEA, _J ROO\Sy
www.idea.int/asia_pacific/nepal/upload/nepal_survey_keyfindings07.pdf.
1"  RR   RRT5R, RRR   RrRR+RT?   RTRfTRR,  +I6RI^!',   %   RRRT?
'no ~> no
Root^ |
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cn no '
RfRRT RRRT R RRRR RRRRR fTTfTfR tRrr fR ffR
RTfRfRTTf  RRfR  R  TfffR  TRf  tR  TRRR  fRf |    RTRRR
NO '
RRTR -rRtRRRTRTRR fffRfTf RFR R-dR+T RpRR
RRTFldilffd tr? TRRf I U!< <HRyidifHI*l RfRRF?TRf Tff
TRR fffRTffR ttRrrR Wi, FRfR ffTff "RRpf TRfRR ff
R-dR44 -RfRRR*? RTRRdTR Rff? RfRRFTf RrRtr rRttrr
ff RRRT RTSRRRf? TRR RRT rR Rff? RRTfRTR FR
FffRRR f I *>" RRR fRF?R "RRT RTRR RfRRFTRR TTR
RRFRRRR RRRRR ffjfTRW RFT RdTfTfRR R?dTRdT
TTFTtR" fffrfcr ffR RTTRR fR fffRTRR RR fRFTcRR
R?RRRRF?RT fRRR RfR? I
*|4RI§ I R-dR+T "RfRRRT [WA fRRRR*T RfRR ffffR*?
"RfTR tRr? f I TNRR*? RRRfR RTfRRRR RR fR
RTRfR T RTTTfTf RRfFRR TfRR RTpR rRrrR, RRRFRR
fR RRRRRR RTRR RRRRf rRrR RTR TTRR W^t
fffRTfTf T FRd" fRfR? RR RT RR RffR rRrR -RfTR
RRrR f I RTF* RR RFT TTTRRR RRfR TRffRf |
"RffRRTRRTRR RTfR RfTR TRfTRTTRT RfRRR ffRfTf RfTR
RftTRf RTfR ^A*-dld RfRFFRTRd RiRf TRffRf | ^^
fR RTRf TTffTRfRd: RFRR ff d<H*44| R<\ fffRRR TRR
RRT RRRRTR fRRR RRfR fRRR RRF?RTfT RTTFRTRR
UY f^V RfRRFTRRRRR7^)) RRRRRR RIRRTRFRRR R^fjtf RTRRR
RR+T      fTRfR       -?V/e/*/       ??RW^R-      u9hW,      RTfR      RRR%R
NO
www.undp.org.np/constitutionbuilding/. "RRRRT RTRRFT fRRRf 3-V
RTR ROO\3 Rf RFRRT+T RfRRTR fR fR% R RTRR? f I
www.undp. org.np/constitutionbuilding/elibrary/constitutionnepal/First%
20Report%20Full%20English.pdf.
1W 1^ RTfRR R^RRFTR? RRT fVc; R cwqiR+l RRr^TTt
TffRRFT RRRRRFR7?)) RTRT RfRRR RtR+T f T RR X.% R
RTRRFTRRRt   oRRTRtfRRT  RRR+T   RfR+TT  RRRT  rR  WTt  RRTR
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RRt? RRTR RfTRRf f I "RfR+T RTTRTR? RfRTRR, RRTR, RfRR,
RRTR T vtWw, RRTRT' RRTRFT wi, RRT 'RTRTRrRrR RFRRR
-fR+TTtRRR RRFT cRRTR, RFRTR TRRRR, RlRrR RTR+TT, RTRR
RfRRR, Rif RR TRRTTRT, RTRR? RfR+T RRRRRRTRTRR <rfi + dlpR+
'       CN 'NO
RTR T  RRRRT RT  RRRTTFR TF+R  fRJ    RRRR RfRRTTRT  R?
RRFR TTRTRR rRr+T RT RfR RR RR R?RRFT Rf^tRRTR FTTR^
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Rf? TRfTTfFTfRFR TRlRfRR RfTfTf*T Rft RR R?RRR RRRR
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RR fR fTRTTf RTRR RRf? RRR RfRfR RRTfR fTRRT
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RT TRRR RffRR fRR?R T -RFTRfRrRrR ^t FRRTR Rfff
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ffTftft ^TRrRRRTf RRTft RtfTTtf wl RR *il*l fRRf
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fftjrRrRRRTRRT rrrrfrttr rR ft RfRR- jt^ rR trrr
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ffpfR RRRRT fR TRRRRRR RRRfRR RTfRTfF?RrtRRR
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w R.R, RRT ^o(3_i-)|
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i0 RRT R RfR RfRRFT RRRRgRT RTRRRRRF TRR7^ oRRTRRTfi
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TRRRft RFRtR Wi RfRRRR RRR RpRRRFR RRrfR R RRfRrfR
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w RRfTR RfRRFT RRT <r;?(f)|
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RTRRTfF?RT RSRRRTd" R fTTFTffR RffffRfTR RRRf
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TTRR ^FFFi fRRfRR ^Fi fRffRT*? RfRff RRt fRRR Rff
^FFFi R4T?u|*l -RTRRf RTfRR RfR fTRT -RfRRRRTR
TTRRR RfR "tR I "RfRR fRR?R*T RRRfff RR fTRRTRTf
RRRRR RRRRf? RRTTR RR RRRRTR fTRRTR RRRFrRFF
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RRffRRd ffRR RfRfR? I
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d)**l f | 'TTfdRFRR PrRrR R?RR RTfR RfTRTR R*T
f RfffT RTRRRR RR R=f RJRR RfRR TrfRR*R f I "^
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TTRRTfffR fR ffR RRR TRRR fR RRRfRR fffR*T R*^
ff? R? TTFRRR TTpff TRRR ffrfR? | RRRR "RfRRRT
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RRRR RRrR RfRR TRR*T f I RT "rRtRRRRTR FTR
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TF? RRRf | "RfRRRRRTRR? RR ffRT*? fRfRRff
"RfRRRRRT RTRT RTTTR Rlfff Rf? Rff fffRR ^t RRlR
NO
-rRtRTRTRT pTRdf tr? TRRR RRRf fTl^ RR? RTFT
RRRfRpnft T RnRfRRRRR RRR R RRRR RTRR Rffft wl
RR fRfRR RTfRFfR R rRrRr fffRT RRR fff*f
RRf I
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TR? RTRRffRRf fRRRI "RffRTfRrfFRT <HRyid*l
RRfRRRRRf RRRfRR RfRTfR RRRRT RfRff? r^RT
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TRRRpTR "RfRff fTRRR ffR RfRR RRT rR RTRRRT ff
TTRff I
1UH
TNRR*? RfRRRR RTR RR SRR RlfRFRT RT TTRR RTR
fR  _fii?^ ffRR RRT RFRR RRT fR <H*d*? I
7-TTJflr ^R^T^IKI   RR*R RRR T ffR? "RllPd*! PR?R tR?
TRRRR R? Rtrr rrrTr rftrrR Rf ffR Rrrt*? tttrt
RR*T TRfRRf Rft fTRRT fR RtfR R f I Rff "RRpf
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fTRRT Rff RRRR RRRR RTrRrR "k&F RRRRRR fR
RdR RTR RtF*T f T RR fffRR R* RRTRRR RTfR "fri
■H^dl I TiWi RRTR RTRTR ffRTf Rr RRf I TTRR (Rrr)
RRR TTR RRR TRF?R RTRRlffR TRR TTfRTTRTf TRRRT
RTRR ffl RT RRFrfRR RfTRRTRR fRfRR T RRRR
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RTfR? I    RffR   RR,   RRRFTSRR,    dMlR*   RFTRRR   TRTR
tnRRr ffR rrrtr -rrr rrffRt tRrR f I RRRR
T RRR RTR? RfdR fffR RR RfTR "RTRFFRf RTRRR TTTtR
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WR.R, RR ^Vl
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ROW Rt Rfft RRRf RffRfRfTf TRRRT TRRRTrR RRRRT
RRRT fRRRR RTJ ffRRR -RfRPtRTf RRR RT*R fRR? I TRR
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TRf Rf*TR TRRRR RfRRfTf Rf RRRRf T fRRR RRTR (T
fR?TR? RRRR RRfR RRRpf RpfTTRR RRTR) RFRR
ilRd^ic- R^lfHd fR HJl*ld RFfR fff*R RTR I
y^Pk^dl R TTR1^#FT| R Roo^ rt "RRffR RRRRTf
RrPttRr TTf RtRR T?f*T f^R? I TTRRR iN^R* ffTTfTf
m RRRRRTR "RfRRRR T5RJ fRT Rlfff TfRR ffl RT
R? RRffRRR fffR fT RRR RpRR RfR ffftRRR TfTfTf RfT
Tff*T f I R§- RTfRt fffffffT RRf T TNRTffR fTTF?R
RRR RR*T RRTtRR T?f*T ffl -rRtRTRRRTR RR fffRR
RR: RFR RjT RTTRR RRRf I RTRR, ^FFSt T <iF^t TfRTRR
TTRRRR* ffRRRR RRRfTf RdldlHJ? fRfR I "RfRRRRTRR
TRRT RRRR RfffRR fRf RfTRRTTf RfRTRR TRR pR
RffRR ftfR, RT "RRRRR ffRTf RRR?Tf_RT RTR*T 4i|lVdT
RR fRf RRRRR# WRRRTRR RffR RRRR TTTR RR*R -SRSR
Wl tfTRT -qf^r ^ RfRRRTf ffR R?T fTTR TTFRR- fR
RffRfRiRI^
<Ii*l(l "xi^fr T IvFiff R*H^I RTrTrRF^R RRRRtf?
RRfRR TfRR RfRR" T fRff ^t RRRRRR TRR RRTRTd"
RRfRR RRRRR? TfR "RfTR*R TRR RffR f I FRRTR
RffRRTfffRT    TTfRfR    Wit    RRR    fRffffRTd"    fRffR
RRR4R# RRRRRft RRTf TfR fRfR RTR TnTRR f I Rfft
RR RRRRR fTTFTfR iKildl^ RfT RR fRPfRRFRRR,
TTRRR RFR FfR RF*? T RR RRRRf? RRTJRfR ffRR
"RRT RTRR ffl RfTfTRRR RTRT RRTRTTFTf RfRRfRRR T
77RTRRlfR*RR-RTRR RfffRf TRTRf RTfR?f I I
w ^ov^ RTR+T RfRRTR+T RRT If (3) R RffRT, RRTR, R4 R
RRTRR R RTRfRR TRTt RRR orRR R RTfRR, RTRlRfR R
RRtR RfRR fRffRR+T RR+T TRRR T fR+TR+R TTlRt RTRTRR
fRRT sWW!ft Wi RfRRf RR? RRTR rRr+T fRRf I RRtR TRR
RFTRFTRTf RR RRTR RTRT RRRt RTR RR RRT I
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■frljfdd WT tfZTW /?W W.   1Y%   ? 3jfjfcr ?ooz
?o
W^%q~&ZFE(\   RTRTfTR?FTfR Rf W<° fR RRRPRrT
"RRpf fR Wft RpR -RTTfT fR trrt  RpR RTTRR ff | |
RRRR RTR ffTR? HR44|f^ fRRTRR RffR RfR rR RfffTfR
NO NO NO ^      N
RRFRR ffl RRTf RffRR "RRRTRRT RffRRRR fR
RRRffRR -RpR--RTffRdRR RRRff R Rfft ffRRfd RRTfF*T
f | 1tete RR RFRRRR RRRRRTR" rRttrt RRffRfTRTRR?
M RtRRdTRR TRfpff TRfftfTRR RpRSRR RfT RfT
RfRR RTfRR RRTR RffRt Rff fffR RfRff I ^ RRRfR
fRfR TTTfRRTTRTRRT RTRf TfRfTfRR gRR RTRTR TfRTRR
ffl RRR? RTfRR T FRTRRR RRRRRR TfRR fffR
R?RR RRRF Rfrftf |   fRR- RTRR? fff"R RTffR RRRT RfRR
NO NO ^
RfTFR T RFTR^RRffT RR RFRRTT*? fRfRRR RTRTpR fR
fR JwRsi TRRR ffl w RR ffTTfTfR Rif T RRRR TTR
RFRR RRRR TTR fR RRRTf tRrt ff | | R3??RffRT fR
fR  R-RR^TffR  fffT   RlfRRf  ffRRRRR  RRfR  pTRRR  RTtF
^ NO
dHHH RRRR TRR RRR rRrR RTRR RR RRRR ffl Wi
fRT Rf Roo^ rt TTR RTRRR "Rpf FTRFrR? TRf*T
RRpTRffrtRf fRRftRRf? f I ^°
TT)    ^H^lRldl
RfRR fPrfRTRR TTTpT   >ddi)FHlRdl   T "RRrRr RFR Ff
C~N NO
TRR ffRRRR RRT TTR "RFRRR RRRR RffffRf I RRRR
RTfR fR RftTJFTf ffR RTFRR ffl fRfR "RpR TRRR
RftRRf*" RTRR (Wt iNdR* RRTF¥ Rffff) RfR
TRRrRr ^tWWFt TTTRT RRR*? ffRRR, -RRTRR RR
RTRffff TTRRfTTJFTR*t RfRR T RTTf Rf? PrItRR fR RFR
RHIJdHd" RfTTRF? ff I ^
RTF iNdR* fRFTf <H|cfj|R* ^^ RR fTRRT RRTJR
RTfR TfR" fffR fffrftfR I RffR RRpR "RfRRRR RTRR
RRT Rff T "rRtRTRTTRTRR RffffR "RRT RRRpR RTfR
C~N NO
RRRFRRFF TRRF*T RT -RffSTTRRRT RRlfR R TRR RfffTRR
RfR RffRR RRTR RSR RR Rf^ PldHd   RfTR  RTjR
11515 RTRT RRf R RF?RfTTFR RfFffRR, RRRRR, TRRRf R RRRT RR
RRR+T RRRRT RfRR RTRifRR rR WTt RrRr RTRRFT+T RRT
1 tL^(R) R cRRTR RR+T f I
1l5q RRFTR+R TTTRt ^ RTR Root^ TfT RRR+T RRRR RRTRRf
fRRRRR RRR+T YOR RTTFTTR RRRRf RRR RRf RTRTRR+T
TRRFR fRRffR RR+T f | | RRR (RRRrff) \R Rf fRfFR
RRRTT RRRfRR RfTRRR RRRT RtR ffR+T f, RfRR4TRRR, R.  1 S I
NO NO NO » " '       O
w  %RRR   RTRRR+T   RfRRIRR,  R.    1VRO,  RRR    (RRRt)    Rf
RfRRRR,R.  ^-^ I
1 q° £d_?l<i ^°^ T   RRR+T RRT RFTR, www.mof.gov.np/pubHcation
/speech/2005/pdfVBudgetSpeech_english.pdf.
^ RTRFRRR  RdR?RlfRRfRR  TTtRt  RFR[RtR  RRR+T  RrRt  wi
RFfRRjf RTTRT T  RFRfR+T  RRTR  RTRf  f I    RRFTR+T  "RRR,
RTFRf Yash   Ghai,   "A   participatory   process   for   making   a   new
constitution",     CASU     paper,     www.undp.org.np/constitutionbuilding/
elibrary/constitutionnepal/Participatory%20process%20English.pdf.
fRFJ TTRRRTt RRTTfRFRTRR fTRTTf RRR? RRRRRR
JwRsi tRrR Wi I RRTRTTr RTRR RRRRRR RRRRRTR,
fffRR i)4ff|A| T ffffTf*? RffR RfRrfRRTRR TTTRt RpR
RRR fRRfR RpR Fff RRRRTR d<*rUsl tRr? f | ^
RRR? *lfi)<H*l RRRRRR rRrRr RRRf T RTRfRR
RFRRR TRR RR FTRR RR "Rlffr/fR f I TRTR TRR-TRR
pRRR TTRRRTTRR iTJTff^ t ffRFTTTFTfRR -RfRRRRRR
RRTfRFTTR TRRTfTTJ RR rR RRR RR RRRR f I ^
"^ f+R (RR?Rf?) Rt RfRR4TTFFR, R.  f $ I
1q,"RR# RRRRR+T RfRRRR,R.  ^O |
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■frljfdd wt tfzrw /?W W.  1Y%  ? 3?fdw fooz- ?$■
T^crf
RRR TRRT RT FR RRRT "RlPf RfRT*? R*T "RRR TRR?
RRF RR RRf I RffRRTR RRTRR R SRR RfRfR RTRRR
W^Fxt "RfffRflR ft fRfR RfR rRIFRT Tjprj ^RRRTRTR*?
RRIr RTdT RR RTRR? RTRR WF^ FTfft*R RTRR rR WT
iNdIR* RRFTf*R RpRRRR, RRR RFTTTR T R?RR
RRTRRR Rff I -rRrRRRTrR TTfRRRRrf fRfpRf tr?
Rf*R?, fT TRRTTTf RtfR RTfF¥ ft ff TTRff I RRR
TfRR T fRRR ffR RTfR TfRR iNdIR* fRFTfR
TRRfR RpRR TRfRT R^Rfl RRTRRR ftRRR RRf?R*"
Rf ffR TTR fTTRT TfcdfRcHIH'd RdlR*l RdtRTf TTTR
RRRf, RC RRTfTf RRTRR TTR ffd FRjR RR TRF?TRf
RRTRR RRTR RfTR FRRTff RTRRT -ddlJd RRR fRRf I
TRRRR? "RRpf RTffRffR RfRff T RfffRffR RRRf
RRTTRRT ffRRfl RRRR "RTfRR T_T«Flf RR*T "RRR T
TfRTR RfffTRFRf fRR? "RRpfRR TTTpT RRRR? fR TRTTfR
RTRRR TRRRpR TR?R?| | TRTRTT, ^trrt, RRfRRRR T RRRf
RRR FRpT RTFT RR? TRfRTptR fffRRT >dddl*l RFRF T
TTRRR RTRRf I
*IA^/9rcrFg; ^ a#rf ^ooz;
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■frljfdd WT tfZTW /?W W.   1Y%   ? 3jfjfcr ?ooz
?<?
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Fundacion DAIiA Internacional, Iara Lee and George Gund IU
Foundation, William & Flora Hewlett Foundation, Hunt
Alternatives Fund, JKimsey Foundation, Korea Foundation,
John D. & Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Charles Stewart
Mott Foundation, Open Society Institute, Pierre and Pamela
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CENTRAL ASIA
The Failure of Reform in Uzbekistan: Ways Forward for
the International Community, Asia Report N°76, 11 March
2004 (also available in Russian)
Tajikistan's Politics: Confrontation or Consolidation?, Asia
Briefing N°33, 19 May 2004
Political Transition in Kyrgyzstan: Problems and Prospects,
Asia Report N°81, 11 August 2004
Repression and Regression in Turkmenistan: A New
International Strategy, Asia Report N°85, 4 November 2004
(also available in Russian)
The Curse of Cotton: Central Asia's Destructive
Monoculture, Asia Report N°93, 28 February 2005 (also
available in Russian)
Kyrgyzstan: After the Revolution, Asia Report N°97, 4 May
2005 (also available in Russian)
Uzbekistan: The Andijon Uprising, Asia Briefing N°38, 25
May 2005 (also available in Russian)
Kyrgyzstan: A Faltering State, Asia Report N°109, 16
December 2005 (also available in Russian)
Uzbekistan: In for the Long Haul, Asia Briefing N°45, 16
February 2006
Central Asia: What Role for the European Union?, Asia
Report N°l 13, 10 April 2006
Kyrgyzstan's Prison System Nightmare, Asia Report N°118,
16 August 2006 (also available in Russian)
Uzbekistan: Europe's Sanctions Matter, Asia Briefing N°54,
6 November 2006
Kyrgyzstan on the Edge, Asia Briefing N°55, 9 November
2006
Turkmenistan after Niyazov, Asia Briefing N°60, 12
February 2007
NORTH EAST ASIA
Taiwan Strait IV: How an Ultimate Political Settlement
Might Look, Asia Report N°75, 26 February 2004
North Korea: Where Next for the Nuclear Talks?, Asia
Report N°87, 15 November 2004 (also available in Korean
and in Russian)
Korea Backgrounder: How the South Views its Brother
from Another Planet, Asia Report N°89, 14 December 2004
(also available in Korean and in Russian)
North Korea: Can the Iron Fist Accept the Invisible Hand?,
Asia Report N°96, 25 April 2005 (also available in Korean
and in Russian)
Japan and North Korea: Bones of Contention, Asia Report
N°100, 27 June 2005 (also available in Korean)
China and Taiwan: Uneasy Detente, Asia Briefing N°42, 21
September 2005
North East Asia's Undercurrents of Conflict, Asia Report
N°108, 15 December 2005 (also available in Korean)
China and North Korea: Comrades Forever?, Asia Report
N° 112, 1 February 2006 (also available in Korean)
After North Korea's Missile Launch: Are the Nuclear Talks
Dead?, Asia Briefing N°52, 9 August 2006 (also available in
Korean and in Russian)
Perilous Journeys: The Plight of North Koreans in China
and Beyond, Asia Report N°122, 26 October 2006 (also
available in Russian)
North Korea's Nuclear Test: The Fallout, Crisis Group Asia
Briefing N°56, 13 November 2006
SOUTH ASIA
Unfulfilled Promises: Pakistan's Failure to Tackle
Extremism, Asia Report N°73, 16 January 2004
Nepal: Dangerous Plans for Village Militias, Asia Briefing
N°30, 17 February 2004 (also available in Nepali)
Devolution in Pakistan: Reform or Regression?, Asia Report
N°77, 22 March 2004
Elections and Security in Afghanistan, Asia Briefing N°31,
30 March 2004
India/Pakistan Relations and Kashmir: Steps toward Peace,
Asia Report N°79, 24 June 2004
Pakistan: Reforming the Education Sector, Asia Report
N°84, 7 October 2004
Building Judicial Independence in Pakistan, Asia Report
N°86, 10 November 2004
Afghanistan: From Presidential to Parliamentary Elections,
Asia Report N°88, 23 November 2004
Nepal's Royal Coup: Making a Bad Situation Worse, Asia
Report N°91, 9 February 2005
Afghanistan: Getting Disarmament Back on Track, Asia
Briefing N°35, 23 February 2005
Nepal: Responding to the Royal Coup, Asia Briefing N°35,
24 February 2005
Nepal: Dealing with a Human Rights Crisis, Asia Report
N°94, 24 March 2005
The State of Sectarianism in Pakistan, Asia Report N°95, 18
April 2005
Political Parties in Afghanistan, Asia Briefing N°39, 2 June
2005
Towards a Lasting Peace in Nepal: The Constitutional
Issues, Asia Report N°99, 15 June 2005
Afghanistan Elections: Endgame or New Beginning?, Asia
Report N° 101, 21 July 2005
Nepal: Beyond Royal Rule, Asia Briefing N°41, 15
September 2005
Authoritarianism and Political Party Reform in Pakistan^
Asia Report N° 102, 28 September 2005
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33
Nepal's Maoists: Their Aims, Structure and Strategy, Asia
Report N° 104, 27 October 2005
Pakistan's Local Polls: Shoring Up Military Rule, Asia
Briefing N°43, 22 November 2005
Nepal's New Alliance: The Mainstream Parties and the
Maoists, Asia Report 106,28 November 2005
Rebuilding the Afghan State: The European Union's Role,
Asia Report N° 107, 30 November 2005
Nepal: Electing Chaos, Asia Report N° 111, 31 January 2006
Pakistan: Political Impact of the Earthquake, Asia Briefing
N°46, 15 March 2006
Nepal's Crisis: Mobilising International Influence, Asia
Briefing N°49,19 April 2006
Nepal: From People Power to Peace?, Asia Report N°115,
10 May 2006
Afghanistan's New Legislature: Making Democracy Work,
Asia Report N° 116, 15 May 2006
India, Pakistan and Kashmir: Stabilising a Cold Peace, Asia
Briefing N°51, 15 June 2006
Pakistan: the Worsening Conflict in Balochistan, Asia
Report N° 119, 14 September 2006
Bangladesh Today, Asia Report N°121, 23 October 2006
Countering Afghanistan's Insurgency:  No  Quick Fixes,
Asia Report N° 123, 2 November 2006
Sri Lanka: The Failure of the Peace Process, Asia Report
N°124, 28 November 2006
Pakistan's Tribal Areas: Appeasing the Militants, Asia
Report N° 125, 11 December 2006
Nepal's Peace Agreement: Making it Work, Asia Report
N°126, 15 December 2006
Afghanistan's Endangered Compact, Asia Briefing N°59, 29
January 2007
SOUTH EAST ASIA
Indonesia Backgrounder: Jihad in Central Sulawesi, Asia
Report N°74, 3 February 2004
Myanmar: Sanctions, Engagement or Another Way
Forward?, Asia Report N°78, 26 April 2004
Indonesia: Violence Erupts Again in Ambon, Asia Briefing
N°32, 17 May 2004
Southern Philippines Backgrounder: Terrorism and the
Peace Process, Asia Report N°80, 13 July 2004 (also
available in Indonesian)
Myanmar: Aid to the Border Areas, Asia Report N°82, 9
September 2004
Indonesia Backgrounder: Why Salafism and Terrorism
Mostly Don't Mix, Asia Report N°83, 13 September 2004
Burma/Myanmar: Update on HIV/AIDS policy, Asia
Briefing N°34, 16 December 2004
Indonesia: Rethinking Internal Security Strategy, Asia
Report N°90, 20 December 2004
Recycling Militants in Indonesia: Darul Islam and the
Australian Embassy Bombing, Asia Report N°92, 22
February 2005 (also available in Indonesian)
Decentralisation and Conflict in Indonesia: The Mamasa
Case, Asia Briefing N°37, 3 May 2005
Southern Thailand: Insurgency, Not Jihad, Asia Report
N°98, 18 May 2005 (also available in Thai)
Aceh: A New Chance for Peace, Asia Briefing N°40, 15
August 2005
Weakening Indonesia's Mujahidin Networks: Lessons from
Maluku and Poso, Asia Report N°103, 13 October 2005 (also
available in Indonesian)
Thailand's Emergency Decree: No Solution, Asia Report
N°105, 18 November 2005 (also available in Thai)
Aceh: So far, So Good, Asia Update Briefing N°44, 13
December 2005 (also available in Indonesian)
Philippines Terrorism: The Role of Militant Islamic
Converts, Asia Report N°l 10, 19 December 2005
Papua: The Dangers of Shutting Down Dialogue, Asia
Briefing N°47, 23 March 2006 (also available in Indonesian)
Aceh: Now for the Hard Part, Asia Briefing N°48, 29 March
2006
Managing Tensions on the Timor-Leste/Indonesia Border,
Asia Briefing N°50, 4 May 2006
Terrorism in Indonesia: Noordin's Networks, Asia Report
N° 114, 5 May 2006 (also available in Indonesian)
Islamic Law and Criminal Justice in Aceh, Asia Report
N° 117, 31 July 2006 (also available in Indonesian)
Papua: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions, Asia
Briefing N°53, 5 September 2006
Resolving Timor-Leste's Crisis, Asia Report N°120, 10
October 2006
Aceh's Local Elections: The Role of the Free Aceh
Movement (GAM), Asia Briefing N°57, 29 November 2006
Myanmar: New Threats to Humanitarian Aid, Asia Briefing
N°58, 8 December 2006
Jihadism in Indonesia: Poso on the Edge, Asia Report
N°127, 24 January 2007
OTHER REPORTS AND BRIEFINGS
For Crisis Group reports and briefing papers on:
Asia
Africa
Europe
Latin America and Caribbean
Middle East and North Africa
Thematic Issues
CrisisWatch
please visit our website www.crisisgroup.org
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Co-Chairs
Christopher Patten
Former European Commissioner for External Relations,
Governor of Hong Kong and UK Cabinet Minister; Chancellor of
Oxford University
Thomas Pickering
Former U.S. Ambassador to the UN, Russia, India, Israel, Jordan,
El Salvador and Nigeria
President & CEO
Gareth Evans
Former Foreign Minister of Australia
Executive Committee
Cheryl Carolus
Former South African High Commissioner to the UK and
Secretary General ofthe ANC
Maria Livanos Cattaui*
Member ofthe Board of Directors, Petroplus Holding AG,
Switzerland; former Secretary-General, International Chamber of
Commerce
Yoichi Funabashi
Chief Diplomatic Correspondent & Columnist, The Asahi Shimbun,
Japan
Frank Giustra
Chairman, Endeavour Financial, Canada
Stephen Solarz
Former U.S. Congressman
George Soros
Chairman, Open Society Institute
Par Stenback
Former Foreign Minister of Finland
*Vice-Chair
Morton Abramowitz
Former U.S. Assistant Secretary of State and Ambassador to Turkey
Adnan Abu-Odeh
Former Political Adviser to King Abdullah 11 and to King Hussein
and Jordan Permanent Representative to the UN
Kenneth Adelman
Former U.S. Ambassador and Director of the Arms Control and
Disarmament Agency
Ersin Arioglu
Member of Parliament, Turkey; Chairman Emeritus, Yapi
Merkezi Group
Shlomo Ben-Ami
Former Foreign Minister of Israel
Lakhdar Brahimi
Former Special Adviser to the UN Secretary-General and Algerian
Foreign Minister
Zbigniew Brzezinski
Former U.S. National Security Advisor to the President
Kim Campbell
Former Prime Minister of Canada; Secretary General, Club of Madrid
Naresh Chandra
Former Indian Cabinet Secretary and Ambassador of India to the U.S.
Joaquim Alberto Chissano
Former President of Mozambique
Victor Chu
Chairman, First Eastern Investment Group, Hong Kong
Wesley Clark
Former NATO Supreme Allied Commander, Europe
Pat Cox
Former President of European Parliament
Uffe Ellemann-Jensen
Former Foreign Minister of Denmark
Mark Eyskens
Former Prime Minister of Belgium
Joschka Fischer
Former Foreign Minister of Germany
Leslie H. Gelb
President Emeritus of Council on Foreign Relations, U.S.
Carla Hills
Former Secretary of Housing and U.S. Trade Representative
Lena Hjelm-Wallen
Former Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Affairs Minister,
Sweden
Swanee Hunt
Chair of Inclusive Security: Women Waging Peace; former U.S.
Ambassador to Austria
Anwar Ibrahim
Former Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
Asma Jahangir
UN Special Rapporteur on the Freedom of Religion or Belief;
Chairperson, Human Rights Commission of Pakistan
Nancy Kassebaum Baker
Former U.S. Senator
James V. Kimsey
Founder and Chairman Emeritus of America Online, Inc. (AOL)
Wim Kok
Former Prime Minister of Netherlands
Ricardo Lagos
Former President of Chile
Joanne Leedom-Ackerman
Novelist and journalist, U. S.
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Ayo Obe
Chair of Steering Committee of World Movement for Democracy,
Nigeria
Christine Ockrent
Journalist and author, France
Victor Pinchuk
Founder of Interpipe Scientific and Industrial Production Group
Samantha Power
Author and Professor, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard
Fidel V. Ramos
Former President of Philippines
Ghassan Salami
Former Minister, Lebanon; Professor of International Relations, Paris
Douglas Schoen
Founding Partner of Penn, Schoen & BerlandAssociates, U.S.
Thorvald Stoltenberg
Former Foreign Minister of Norway
Ernesto Zedillo
Former President of Mexico; Director, Yale Center for the Study
of Globalization
INTERNATIONAL ADVISORY COUNCIL
Crisis Group's International Advisory Council comprises major individual and corporate donors who contribute
their advice and experience to Crisis Group on a regular basis.
Rita E. Hauser (Chair)
Elliott F. Kulick (Deputy Chair)
Marc Abramowitz
Anglo American PLC
APCO Worldwide Inc.
Ed Bachrach
Patrick E. Benzie
Stanley M. Bergman and
Edward J. Bergman
BHP Billiton
Harry Bookey and Pamela
Bass-Bookey
Carso Foundation
John Chapman Chester
Chevron
Citigroup
Companhia Vale do Rio Doce
Richard H. Cooper
Credit Suisse
John Ehara
Equinox Partners
Korrrad Fischer
Alan Griffiths
Charlotte and Fred Hubbell
Iara Lee & George Gund III
Foundation
Khaled Juffali
George Kellner
Shiv Vikram Khemka
Scott J. Lawlor
George Loening
McKinsey & Company
Najib A. Mikati
Donald Pels
PT Newmont Pacific Nusantara
(Mr. Robert Humberson)
Michael L. Riordan
Tilleke & Gibbins
Baron Guy Ullens de Schooten
VIVATrust
Stanley Weiss
Westfield Group
Woodside Energy Ltd
Don Xia
Yapi Merkezi Construction and
Industry Inc.
Yasuyo Yamazaki
Shinji Yazaki
Sunny Yoon
SENIOR ADVISERS
Crisis Group's Senior Advisers are former Board Members (not presently holding national government
executive office) who maintain an association with Crisis Group, and whose advice and support are called on
from time to time.
Martti Ahtisaari
(Chairman Emeritus)
Diego Arria
Paddy Ashdown
Zainab Bangura
Christoph Bertram
Jorge Castaneda
Alain Destexhe
Marika Fahlen
Stanley Fischer
Malcolm Fraser
Bronislaw Geremek
I.K. Gujral
Max Jakobson
Todung Mulya Lubis
Allan J. MacEachen
Barbara McDougall
Matthew McHugh
George J. Mitchell
(Chairman Emeritus)
Surin Pitsuwan
Cyril Ramaphosa
George Robertson
Michel Rocard
Volker Ruehe
Mohamed Sahnoun
Salim A. Salim
William Taylor
Leo Tindemans
Ed van Thijn
Shirley Williams
Grigory Yavlinski
Uta Zap

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