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Nepal's Maoists: Purists or Pragmatists? International Crisis Group 2007-05-18

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Important Documents of Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) (ofilbcHlsT,
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wdRpngf dift iftrpnT grftr Pr^ftr 3ft : "grjradgrs:
tErrrg) t gioMicrijciid, igftg) gdidiP^icb RFggfr gggrPgr
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gf ^m^ gfti^yPcbl Pgng ggcrsp'^
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3Rg)i Rfgragrr 3ggrTRT srgRRg ggraT arggfr cHgrgrRT
gift rrr: dg|t repri^ 3rftt grftft Pg)i
3rag gtg t 3T7RRTi|g ^if^^gji g^Rpg ggrft ggrg
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gfts sraft rt?t Pg)i ?rf?b"?gR) Pg Eraiidrft 7^gFdTR
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gfftr gRRrgfr gsg gft sgRTRggfr rjrfr Pr) rrrt
3TRgg-RfiJTdgfr 3radT 3rrggfr Pftri 3Tgrd ?°°v Eft
tsEbft "RRdftg IftRdTTErrer' Eft grRRT gft Ptftg prggfr
Pg), RRRggR TTfsgtgd ^TraaVg ftftft ^^rsrft g?5 t
EffEfg w^ft cHlirgra gRi^ggfr Pg)i dT tjep gg gP
dRrc\ iftr^ ggT fegftEffr dPTEp gggg Pg t 3TRftrg
Prgpngf glEtra gdgrif (sgrdRT) g^ftggfr ^TddErgft
gTEbTTRTf gRRd gtgg Pg t ^\ ggg^gw RT3ftgi^rgft
g^5T    tftftft)    Tftt    3rrggg    sgrfttg    gragPrd    grt)
VV 3TT3llc|lc\lobl <HlobdlP=lob J|U|(H<r-=|cbl tlKU|H|) tcrFETd ci||tc,i||cbl ^fTf?T
|:_ftg, sTTfrrar arcsnf, <Md^=i r p/)^h/P=/^ mm^r (obib^i^f,
?oof,)|
V4 STTftTTfl" 3T^nf, "dlobdlP=lob J|U|(H<r-=|cbl ^EJt", JfrUI-ichH, ^ ^oof,!
y^JUd,^ 3TT3llc|lc\l^ "QfTpETtrat JTTLil^dld u!Hc|lc\l J|U|(H<r-=|cbl ^fSfJToW
?TTf9Tull<Ht>H;'trP3T?ri The Hindu W airr-dcl'ldl mfar i^RSd I
VS 3TT3llc|lc\lobl ETTf9T •(lul|c|lc\l m€%¥ "iHI<H<^cTl" 7 aU^UobUttsJl 41^^
"-HIcHlorilcJIcTr' gSTI
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w 5rJrff?w 7^g#^ 3T^7dcrrdt, 3rtg?r ^ooe, |
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•H^rr-S' 3T^t PpScfT^TT qnj\\ "ffET^RTobt 3tg;3TcT 7 HotcblfiHT QTdTSEJtOT
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•HPlPobl 3bob^ TTftTd TT^cTft c^FETTcf^,
http:/cpnm.org/new/English/worker/9issue/document.htm.
Kwok-Sing Li (tr. Mary Lok), A Glossary of Political Terms of the
People's Republic of China (?gobg, ?W) , rj. ^4? [emphasis
added] I |oJftcT 5bIff?RT ^T ftqtt, Nepal's Maoists, JTlfar
i^f^ld,    _.   to-?7?!
 •duMcfri Wjftirft :   ffigtstcitcttd) fa o±lcl$l<cll£}?
(bl$Ql-H  §V ljfH4l Wtt tf.   ?33,   K ft loots
d
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Pftrar^ cy^gft ajigft ^wi? srftgft RftfTEft gagggif
gai3fts sraft iftrpRfr Ig^rrg Pr) t RRra: dftt Rift
Pftti
4? lifftg cbl(?Rl<H ^ tMt, Nepal's New Alliance, JTlfar i^i^ld I
4' aHK<-TlAi •H'tobKcbi ettP mattery si^tr^7^^ ftl vsfratrrsrr ?oo_
3TT   3TREfrJT  g'fTRTTS^t   JTdTtt^T  Pf^   "7ir37g;-ob"Q7itr7<-   7  SEIT-qcIcfrT
fcr^f^ar?7^ oP JiKdobi ettP ■sft TgdrTtrat  ardt oiiii&iu n^\" rr^
art^rasTatgrTR JTtafTcnft i.,Hi^ of^Etrm oP ?v arrcEfrJT u^-hm ?e,4
Plcdl   (JIKdobl S^Lbdobl IJofvqtarrf OT^Eg ^ 3TRT)   ETtf aTTTT TTToffT SI
rSjftg  "Maoist   Assessment  -  Year  2006",   www.satp.org/satporgtp/
countries/india/maoist/Assessment/index.html.
43 5bI?f*RT ^tTFPT airr-dcl'ldl 7rTTd V\€\   JTb^pfJdoCT STdT^S, of.lb.tl lit,
sftateR-^ooc;!
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iftl^d is rrstr cgggg Pgi ftsftdgggt)
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(RTcftgrrft)   Rif waft RT3ffgregg tg^rERig) tdcHwifUb
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TRftrtftgra arfa^ grrcrts RT3ftgrrftgft ^rrtoftrgoT 7ottcR7rr
gR dRgift arcratfrlR tftg^^gre iftt?Wr 3TTRfgRT gR
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tft^TRT Ptr 3TC5gRr qU^cb) s dT ioft^ 3g?rrgr£r sri
id)fj,^d gr fft^iRT gtgg sr arft R37^ttdR7gfPd IftRg gig
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gtErfr ftREffr tftgg Pfti^d sidiid gg-a,d1 r4V
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ftlRRT ttREpr Tgrrrar 3rggfr Pgti R^sdRT gggfr
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Tilak Pokharel, "Indian Maoists urge CPN-M to wield arms", The
KathmanduPost,^ jf  ^oof,!
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t tgpFR &rgg RT3TTgrrft?7£sftggft TTfEFyRTf gaiift ggR
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RIM's members are: Ceylon Communist Party (Maoist), Communist
Party of Afghanistan, Communist Party of Bangladesh (Marxist-Leninist),
Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), Communist Party of Peru,
Communist Party of Turkey Marxist-Leninist, Marxist-Leninist
Communist Organisation of Tunisia, Maoist Communist Party [Italy],
Proletarian Party of Purba Bangla [Bangladesh], Revolutionary
Communist Group of Colombia, Revolutionary Communist Party [U.S.]
and Communist Party of Iran (Marxist-Leninist-Maoist). fgdR
www.awtw.org/rim/index.htm.
46 "JTtatt •htuftobl" (dofiCTHJofidT ifc%) Zb<r$\H ofiRffpRT, fMwr ?^3o |
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qP "JTiatrcTR;" ftf sr "Jnatrr^rtgg tcrsTR'fTntT" ?nf d- mPamjoift s i
4(:ft3T ofiPl^t, rrfl- fcf^P,   ? st ?^£|
4«  ^	
Li  Onesto,  "Red Flag Flying on Roof of the  World" (U^ud,^j|
M<r<^d\d\), Revolutionary Worker, 1°  ^STft  ?ooo|
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r^ftR www.wprm.org.
oblfP^I ^CTflRT at^dcJldl, WPRM activists, London, Frankfurt and
Brussels, oMclfl,   ^3TTt ^ 3J«+d.tsli   3004 |
"Nepal: building a road into the future. Provisional report ofthe First
International Road Building Brigade to the Magarat autonomous republic
of Nepal", www.pcr-rcpcanada.org.
6V dTTRT, aTRTd, «ll*«Hli?T T JJTlcH^■+>|<+.I yPPi^T^77^ ?-V 3J«+dlsli 5oo?
jit cftaroT nPiiiobi oj7^ jttcjt srsJTt m<£\ tsowrt ^fr ^arr jtsjt jttom
fat<TI    at^dclldl,   "Com   Munir",   convenor  of WPRM   South   Asia,
www.wprm.org/wprm_sa/wprm_sa/interview_sa.htm.
64;§SftT Qrat,   "Deep Red in the Heartland", Himal South Asian, uldcl'Tl
?oo:j|   cbJ-Ml-Hi«+>i    ^arraof)    7rr^RT^57   tdTsraTTrPw   faT<T    :
Communist Party of India-Marxist Leninist (People's War) (CPI-
ML(PW), commonly known as the People's War Group or PWG), Maoist
Communist Centre of India (MCC-I), Revolutionary Communist Centre of
India (Maoist), Revolutionary Communist Centre of India (MLM),
Bangladesher Samyabadi Dal (M-L), Purbo Bangla Sarbahara Party (CC),
Purbo Bangla Sarbahara Party (MPK), Ceylon Communist Party (Maoist)
and Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist).
"sblfPW   JJ,L|<HJ|   SIc^Tcltdt,   RIM sources, ET^ST,   oldcljl   3004 |
Nihar Nayak, "Naxalites: A Compact of Fire", South Asia Intelligence
Review, tC 3tchi)«K l°°St\ l^ftff "Top Naxals pledge no action
during truce", The Hindu, ?4 SToR^R" :?ooV| ^HIJHl^-AIH-HI M\i<&H
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"Rftttctft   giJHicrijciid,   ^zn   STRdtg   fftRgRgragg   Ift^
R5ftl"M
ftR t cbjftigicbi 3rPggR g^rg?^ ftbgr (RTcftgrrft) ft
3TTgftt TRftrfftRT qRRgRtgra gtgggT R?rffgra sgi
ftftft gi<5cHpcb 7wft 3TTRfgRT gtgg sg arft spifrft ftfcg
a^gft 3ggftr 3g?rsgg sgg? gtgg sri gg igrgft rggre:
s s s
dgfft ?gdTgjft r sg rt gift cbffdcbifi ggft ^vm
Prft gft gtgft si gt rtrtrt gggg tteg^MTa gtft
RRiga- ?aR ggRft sdi 7dRTRgg grated 3TcRRrf|R
PrgpRft 3TiTgftRTf TRRiRggr 3TTRtgRTgg 7wrt Prggft
sidirjcbi sqg gfft iftt^Rftfg drrait ?i^gng ?idi?id cgggg
sgi
ftgnft RTcftgrrft t iftl^RRg fg&ft Pg?TRg sftgRT
PrsradRrf gRJtt sgg?RRT idift araft Iggggr gsg
RRSta: Tff 3gggft si RgRT (RTcftgitt) ft grRRTTRR
Tgrftrfft T ggggrpgra ggPg rcpr dgft tctcgrg Pggftgft
si ggrrsft ggf arag Pggftgg sg : "ggPdRif gRggfa
gft g1?p9ra, Rggft tgggg Rig gft giV^r130 gggra
iftr^^ft RTEFRgR:, ftPRgra: t RT3Ttgregft TgiftR ttr
dgTftgft gg tr^ gcRS t Erftgra 7dRTRgft R^ft g?T3st
ggf 3rgyrTRrgft fgggg gft ifttpRft ggRRif gragnssi
q^rns, 3j$M3iJjJii<dlu^ns,mfar iE^fiad, q_.  ?vi
6S obJ-qliHI,   *m fcRTTjr, ?V  7rtc7i3775R-  ?oo?|  gj^JTr^RTIOT7fltflT7iTd
QtEfYofft JT^RT^T ^anqdT JTST sfYP TSlc||d,l4-qd, fSRTtI 3TRdofft iM^T QI%
5R-?r tcRdRcnft anofirgaTrETTf jttst w& y,—hi id Ur-^rmciob srTP ardt 3R7
cbJ-^Pfdf>*^   JRT   dJPobl   3IMl^dl   JTToM   faT^I   ^WTEt   3T?RTPcr
smjciojo^K dmdobl ai.r-dci'id'i, /^/ra^arfqET^oo?!
130 "l)Pf>lRlob 7JT3:3TTcTdT7t-l)Pf>lff|ob ^dlctl", W&WT,   SToRtSR ^oof, |
RT3TTEgtrEbT       gTRRt       3TcRRfr|g       Pg?^ft       gRRlf
R^ftRRErragg 7wrt ftER sg ftt cbj-^Pfd^^d RRiift
g^str 3rrftg ftr? ftbgi (RTcftgrtt) ft 3ngRTg g^gedi?
ggttgra gggggft tfftgfr ? trtrtP dRT ggggrpgft
MRidgEP Prsgg gtgft gdiftr sgrfttg RT3frgrrft ftdwrft
SI13'    dT   rtgiftt   RTcHtcll^^cbl    fttRT   tftt^rt   EbgtS?7^
cTSRgEgrft gg t iftrp^ft 7dRTRgft gRRtETEbRT g^tEbr
sdgi ftpgr (Ricftgrtt) gg gEp _rar ^rdrft gftEfg sg,
"igftt gPftgrrRTEfT grRRT g^ftRftgg sf, ?irt amftM
Prg?7^ 3Tt|rft gP TaTTdggr grRrft sg, ifttij^ft ?irt
gfttftt f?ra ggft gft anggi"133
ftbRl (R13ftgrtl) ft ft ?oo3 gr "gErgg^ff ?rdTE^lgft
gRTRcREfft   IctEbTR"   gft   ftrfft   cHgRSRR   gtqlS   ttRRR
ftrfftgR ggata: g? cgggft ftiw RTartEgtrgft gwg
gRigs-gitf ttRRT gi^dc\t(o| ggdg RRiit 3gggft Rftttctft
cbiPdcbid EfirgPra grafgft Tfgft si rt cgrrfttg
RTcftgrtr, WRRitt cgr.gT.gr. (Ricftgrtt) Rggft gRSta: t
tErgra: sqft gat R??ggft si cgrgrPgr gifttcg t s^rgf
grrat atfttt TTfEFirft gft gP ftt gat g^Rgrjft gg
gggft fti RRfttg RT3i)cii^^d 7dgjRt RJ3rTgrafgft 3T?ggT
dRr ggrjsgggft tgggg t gRRif ^r^ral ftrtREb-
P^ic-dcbi 7^ggr gttggft ggirgRRRTf rrtr RRiift ggg
gtgg sgi 3g.Ep.gr. (gT3rTgrrft) gg g^irrfftg gigcrPft
crragg sg, 'ftgrREfft Rdgsft grg gtgg g^
igRpg^Tngf ftft ^gj-Jt 3Tp RlRTcRStgRR gft gttggft
igftrft rgggg sfi rtrpr ftsitggft f?igft cbiPdcbi
1g?tgRTRif RRRgT Rig gcgs; arag grft RiRio=g)gRrgRtft
gsi"134
sqiTRtg Efiigtftfa graf (RTcftgrtt) Rit dgrftt gEpgig
sgg gret ft Rrrft ftpgr (RTaftgrat) gft ggf Ri^ggft
gRi 7wrt rrtrr 3gRfgRT gtgft si (7dgTftt t cgrrfttg
RT3TTgr£rgft g^gpircgr Rtfft gP waga g?t 3nggft si
^? ibifRTfl- ^rpt aTc^ratdt,  JTtatrcnft stett,   obib^i^T,  dtatrrsR
?00f,|
135 3TT.of5.qT. (3Tf3tTcTTft)oW JTfWf9c| J|umfa<^ ^cfjqT (3TT3tTcTTft) ofTf
iJofJ 7iTdT chl-olcbdl+tJI ^RTt 3TdofTf faT<T  :   "dMI^cbl qt^td" ^dToW ^ar
obi^rrtlP amdiyofil ojrt 7rrat ftl er tpf\ qftParpcffr sr£V +ticHi<^ATl<+>^rxJT
J|)sJld -HcHi-UI ift^SI ob^^obl^l qftParpofft JMET Ji^i|l*obd 7iR7d',
3TRET, ^EfP J aU^RoblorMcbl 3T57dTTcRt'y- ^fobHobl S ST7^ 3TrfTR3TT
sldl^yobl ofTRMPofft -HcH-i-UI qP SI" "iftSTOT ijPRTf fcT-tT oblPdofft of^c7
^  jRoift  s",   arREftJT  obJ-^P^-d  qt€f    (matrcnft)  jt^rtPct
JlumPffld dofjqT (JTf3tfcTTft)oWobl4obd<lc;l W?oo(; cfft Jft^rtdTplyobl
3i<r-dci<id<il7ittobi$P^^qpnf ^d^iiobd qiganjofftfaT^tti
133 ibift^rr jj,q<HJi ato^TcfiETf,  JTtatrcnft stett,   obib^i^T,  dtatrrsR
?ooo;|
w obi^PiH  jj,q<HJi airr-dcM,  matrcnft stett,   obib^i^T,  dtatrrsR
?ooo;|
134 "g;f?ruT nPiiii Rr-tr obiPdotil tp^ 5^ jnjqfrs", mfar i^f^idl
 Juictcfri JJTjfMltJ :   ffiggc/tcj/d) fa c^cj(i/>>cj/^)?
(bl$Ql-H   §V ljfH4l Wtt tf.    ?33,    K ft loots
??
iftr^TKsftg gt ftrfftgR RRSta: sg) i* 7dgrRt RTfttgrtrft
TTTggrgft gjg ?nPR gj-^jtdi gtgfs sqT.EfT.gr.
(RTcftgitt) Erg gggg eprts 3TTRT5"ft grftt gfftftpgr
ttgcpr Pg : "?iftt ftgRT (RTcftgrat) Rif iftrpRft
iRREfft ggggYtdRT gRggfttgra gft 3tptr gtsf, gR
Efggftrfftft gtr :tgTRt ggfoftrgft RgftrPgr ft?n ft srefRggft
si"1313 idft 7dgjRt RTcftgrtr "ggrintt gft t iftr?TRg
RTRT5Rgitt/fg7TRirETr7ft RitREbgft" yrrgRT gRR ggft
3rggT "fttg,   ^ftfttRgr,   Pft t 3tf gt c\?trt Rrft
cHRlREb"   gft   gr   T   cbJgPfd   3TRT?dgT"   Efft   WdTJRT   gft
ggft ftdigftr ftggg Pgi1*1
3T)    f37H$<fec|j| 3Tra1rr
sqRfttg RT3i)cii(J|cbi 3ggfft rr 7wrt trprP t gggggft
^ft fggg igr sg (ggfg ftgrftt RT3TTgittft TRrftrfft t
gggfttp Prgrggft gdiRt sqirfttg RTarrgiti^pft gffcfttfw
gt 3nggg Pg) i
?.    ToisfrfcEnt
^FcT vtffa 4i<f^ldil 7tEpgr (RTaftgrat) ft g^g sttPr
TT?7ffrdTRTgra gggft 3radg gtgft rftgrgr agrfttg
RT3TTgrtiRTf ggi3R gr$ grft sqggft gg fti sqr.gr.gr.
(RTRtgrtt) ft gpdt ggrgt gtgft s : 'ftgnggft 3raRftR
RTEPRgft ffrRT gg RT3T)gratft gtgft g^tdid Trgrgit),
136 'Tig; ?<w oift arraPcfrasTrflT 3trt Ptr dmeil jnafTcnft dmdobl drft
^bftt -H-HcTlil 2~ET SpqfS aTREtfJT 3Tf3fTcTTftEt iJft^JTf 7ft§TOTq5r-a}t fa^dd
amjoift apt aiidl^di jttom far<Ti ot>i$Ri<H ^crpt ar^dcrrETr, JTtafTcnft
stdT, ohlbcHI^T, dtata7^ :?ooo;| dqipfl JTfailcllcJld oldij,*, ^ J|)qfs},
JIKdobl o>5|t of>,tlU^d id^-Mil qQRTT JR 3T5T oTJftET dqiefi STtafTcTTftEt
3TcRanofft Jtf\ Ji^i|l*obd dJI^obl 3T?S; fcfat? 3RPT7ET |?t ^dlddJ Ryobl
f§nri dofjqT (JTtatrcnft) et ^ettow war an^tr etoR m&ft t q^rnsEt
aTREtfJT JTfatfcTTftPlET 3ll<r-d)ddobl "fferd-" dWjqft 3Pt 3tldl^dl JT^I
"oTJft •HJii^* JJ,Ucdl £rt5T, ^ft^ETT 8T3T, JjJVdl 8T3T 3T5ft 7RT5T 3TR
dliSHI fcPTd 34 cfq^Rj id>* JJ,Ucdl £rt?obt 7TCTd- pHll^obl Sd, ER
idl^-eS+fJI oif|oblu|; cfRdtclofJ oifgoblui d" SdT' Li Onesto, "Red Flag
Flying on Roof ofthe World", JTlfaf i^df^ET I JRTofft ifrfl qfs EJct E^QTofTT
qPPRJ^Et 5jofi3im^obi sTdatgTEnf ?cttti "JTtatrcnft m<^,-Mic
dgr-cT  JiUyobi  ^ ^qtow 75rett a^zt grJM Rr5«r •rn^Pob ssjtet
ETsSrsgi irrtl^ cTREtfcTof) gfER :<: •t-cldo-=ldldob 3TRr slft't^obl sg,
ulddlobl q^r gfEfxfJT ETlP 7rT^TT 3TT3trcTTft oblPdobl^l QlfEfT^ct ulddlobl
dETT-cT Jlft-t^obl Sd"J" CPN(M) and CPI-ML(PW), Wgfi q^ fcRTIK,
?V  ^ETlf   ?ooo|   dofjqT (JTf3tTcTTft)Et7rTd;77;oo?7?oo3 JTTQIlPdclldUl
sr7^ ^cst cjrar jiMs dqTEft ^ arREfrJT mafTcTTft^r ^ ^sroTft ^
ar^fri er ^ g«raT 0^^?^% ^t?5R ?oo_ jtt 3tretow Ej^attcr
cbJ-^P^-d qi^7*7 7rfrqt3nf-5j7Wpt (Lfi^d,) :<: jj^Rffrft onf > Enf
yoBlobd jkkh arREfrJT obJ-^P^-d qi€f   (JTtatrcnft) jtest jP <+>IcHcHI
dTTTEft 3TT3llc|lc!)d STtJRajdlobd'l 3rf ofTOT Jltl
1313 Azad (CPI (Maoist) spokesman), rRT Ht^P,   ?3  dtata77^  ?ooo;|
3llullci^HJ|   'ilrrTlcl'idl,   People's March (unofficial mouthpiece of CPI
(Maoist)),   £ 3RRET  ?0°E.,   http://peoplesmarch.wordpress.com.
sffgEfT gft t RiRT3R-Egatgft ftgT gft u^t Rg^ggft
gPUpgpgat TERRRif er^r gErtRf^
-Hfciyid^agi sqr.gr.gT. (RTaftErrat) ft TftggraRsqrgft
gft^sr cbi^iftipcbi ggRgifttgg rtP zm igggr s,
jt3=3tr gggraggggg RiPr ft?R sq^ft srftgft si ftpgr
(RT3frgrat) ft rir cTRgft g^gpggftg ?? g^ g<j^tdi
gtgggT sqirfttg g^gPra gret (RT3frgrat) ft RTftgfftEp
7wft tgftg gtgft si^" sqr.gr.gr. (RTcftgraft) ft
Rfggragsqr t Erga^ftg ^ggrgTRif TfttEbrr gftrft ftpgr
(RT3ftgrat) RRcftg TiRfttPPr rtPfs t ftt Rgft ggrft
g^s sqftr tdrgft) Itggft si iftt^r^Pf fftgRRT
"TTTEtgraRsqTRTgra dtftt RREgrft EPrfoftrgft ?rrPdgjft
7^gFdTR gft TTcFSqTErargft 3g?TT gg" ggR ftl" gEPPf
cHicHitid ftdigft) ftggg sg : "RrPrgra rirtPrt gmr
gft t Erf>gg ftft ggajggg RTPrrRif Rc^gn gift
gfcpgRr, dr grrgra dddicbi 3ggRsqg ggrgT Epffdft
ggTRra gft Rtg^tR fgrasqft grrat RgiRrf dgf sfg
gajg gft RPg% ggrg gt gP dgggra RiRoRrgreRif
t-ERR    gift    T    RIRTiRgRRTf    rdRTREfft    cHldtslld    RgfiR
gt?ptRi""
y«W>l.*iT  9ldl«SI<HI   Mollde-=|eb,|   ieTcRRri   ftgjqT    (RT3ftgitt)
ft TTEtiRR gftgft 3TPdiijcbciid, dgrftr gErgg^gf ^rdTEtiRT
gRiRFWt fctEpRT gft ftrfft cHcidWd JiHicHi dRgft gft
ggftg   grgdl    "7dRRT    (RTRtgrtt)    ft   iSiggft   rrjrgg^ff
?rai^cftgft gcHidoHcbt 3TErgTTRiRT ggj gg ft s t gRRT
EftgT ?rdPttgft gRid^g (RRRgR) rt sq^aj garrdggT
t^trt gr PradRi s?", cHicHitid gtgEpi Pgi" gErgg^ff
?idi*ticHi gcHid^ tftggg gft ftrfft TTRftftREp gPrgftigft
3TggRRigit 3TTg¥ si grftt gPrgftr Gifftr ?dgi?rrEpqfs
grg gft ft gr ggPg gft% ^tRi gft fr gt tr^ grttggft
%^ sqFft 3ggfft gP sqRfttg RT3TtgTtt?TRft si REpgr
(RT3ftgTtt) ft gga^ftg TiRftrfft tettepr gtcPiRT gP
iftTijpft g55T fftftg gtEPi Pgi sqr.Ep.gr. (gTcftgitt)
fttEbRiPgEp gTgdFggft dgf rtrt t TTRftrfftcP gPfgftrft
gPrdgiggft RRRura^g aftgrf rrstr gtRi
^arraTs;, q^ fcRfp,  ?3 dtatrrsR :<ooo;|
6°it.it.\
«
3llulld,4Tj|   3J<^d<Jldl,   People'sMarch, JTlfaf icdf^ld I
':3^.^.l 35TEt75TcTTORL!oblfar<T : "^,|jfl^ 3TT3llc|lc!)d 3lft U\\<b\ SRlf
aTcrfTPTDTT ^ idJ^>*d egsft JTToffT JJ,U||r^ob SETTgof7f STTTOT ^q? SdTl
JRrETlf ^RffEt ^EffJT yulldo-=l T •(luldJPob qfdT7q,ytof)f ^CTJTT JTTST
cj-ftoTif ST, g^T ETatTobiStET •H*ob^u|cbl<?Hd ^EffJT 75Tdcnft JTU|(H<r-=|cbl
HIcHcHI   qPtsrTJITcTTft J WQtt'fTdcnft qi^RTJT 7rTETToW ETlP  QTlPd^l
qfdTq'ytsntob o>5|t qP ftf^r i"
 Juictcfri JJTjfMltJ :   ffiggc/tcj/d) fa c^cj(i/>>cj/^)?
(bl$Ql-H  §V ljfH4l Wtt tf.   ?33,   K ft loots
??
9.    cBi^frfHsnt
"dH-Hrfi"   eift   yMi   sqirfttg   RT3ftgitr?T^ft   ftqTRgft
"RRRTEPR"  R2g  "RR31 djdd"  Rlf gsg  iqdRjJEbT 7OTRT
tftggg Pg t PRRif sqgR gftrft "3Tffftg?R grg sqggg
ggPREprtt iggPR Rajgg giPr gaft gftpgr gfc grPft
sr ioft^d Riftgg sgi"
oM^HIdl. f^lTcK<HI TJ^sT fTJi sqiTdtg RT3T)gTtr?T^ft gggft
RT3ftgittRif "?Prr sTFEpgii^ gPUpgrgrtrft 3TRpgrg
gtRT ^t^\ Pft? g^ft ggrft RTcftgitt RRRdrgg ?Prr
spRgriR gTcPirgft gtgft gj^itdi sqgg gft" argftg
gtgft Pftri" iftTijpft RRRdT t ^rgrft) ftdT PfRrgr
tjt|r TtdT ggfift grdTggft 3TrRtgRT gt dRgRif "3T?r
gaft wdTdTcp" gftgg sgi "RRRdTRif ggrgrtt Eftrgft
glftUpgrgitt ftRT (RtfftTRR TTRrgft cHTRTggft fttgR) gft
PfRrggg wtj_rt ?gft gtRfgrgigitt g?rrg arRpgrg gtgg
ggr Rdgr Tantftfra jfr grasgr"
wga «igHi. fSr^nsft fTJi sqirfttg RT3TtgTtr?T^ft ?fftgR
PttaTR t ^ggrgrgggft gtlpgiRT Rggr Rggft gfftgggft
gP fftftg gtgg sgi iftrpRg arar^RT gggr gf
"RTRTFggrtr fftgggtt RftftEfft giRT^ggitrgft ?PgTT' ft,
darg Rgg^R ft^Ri^
n<J\n •H^md^ichl *rj«psri ftgiftt RTcftgrtt?7^ sqird
rtepr dgfrftft t RRgRgft EfiTgfftra gTaft (RTgRtErrtt
ftt.gft.gg.) gft dPrfgra grfgra sqirftrg RTcftgrtt?7^
?rft PtagEpr sgi" ftrstaRT ?°°e, rt 3ggftr gtfftr
3ttggiftErT sqird sqRTggg g^TRT ggosft ggt ftdfttgg
RRfttPgr i^ggftdif cHpgirra ftgg^r Pg : "sqird Rg
glftUpgrgitt TT3R Tfgi" idft sqftgg Pg : "sqrrfttR
RT3Trgittgft <rrT ggftgd R3Rpg sg, ggrftgr TTcRrag
rt? si"" 7ftgrRt RTcftgTttgft Epsgiftfa graft (Rrggtgitr)
gftgft getr trjfr sqirfttg RT3TtgTtr?TRTf gRTiR
RtsqFsj grfr gtgft si gggftgft 7ftgfg gtgft RTEPRRif
ggsra gft Rt.rg.gR.gft agrfttg RTcftgTttgft rtrT
ggg^fw ?rfdgjft r3rfr Tfgft si 3tP sqirfttg
RT3frgTti?T^ Rt.gft.gR.Rif gPHfrgrgitr rgaft rtc^sri
dcHIdcll^lcbi   prrf^r   3f|%«T|   ftr.rg.gR.ft   rftrgftt   RTcftgitt
?nPdgjft   TTfEpgrggft   3aj?Rg   sqggft   gdiit   sqirfttg
"sn^tTE;, rRT tcfRP,   ?3  dtatrrSR  ?ooo;|
"aTI^TRRPT 3T<rxHc|ldl,   People'sMarch, JTlfaf iedfiadl
"tt.ttA
CC iblfPRT   ^TRPT   3T^ETcltdT,    dqiei)    JTfafTcTTft   stdT,     cblAJtl^T,
dtatrrsR ^oo^i
Nilova Roy Chaudhury, "We have no working relation with Indian
Maoists", Hindustan Times, ?c"  dtatrfSR  ?oof;|
RTcftgitrRif gfft dgft gret Rgggg gft ttggft g?n3gft
3T?T   Pwt   cHTRtRRT   Sqggft   t5|^°   ftgrftt   gTcftgTttft   gfft
sqirfttg RT3ftgTttRif "3ggftr ggfcftiggg TRTftrpgft
gdrrgftrEPR gtr srga"Rtg ^ggr-grgft rs-rtr gft" 3rgftg
gtEPi sg t 'ftgrftt RTcftgTttgft cHffftgft gggggft
ioft^cbi drift itii^ui gFg ggft" ajft) gtgg sgis?
"dgrfgft ETgs^ftg gRTRFwr rt?r sqirfttg RTftTgrtr
3TFtrdRgft ?g5RT Epfftga^ grg fTRT?" sqrfft g^rgft
RggpRr ggrisft sqftEpr Pg, "ftr iftt^TRTf gP grg
g^s sqriragT r tft^RR j. ... iftr?RHT ftr gg g?ggs
t gft graft RRrggsi""
3.     cTRra-clT^JTJ^fldl?
ftt RRSftaft gtr 7ftgTR-sqRR ftrgraTEpr aftPrEPf
RTcftgrtlftrggft TrcRPrR PPrggft &\ 3^ ggata; g
stsg, sqr.Ep.gr. (RTcftgrtT) Rif ggrisft ftpgr
(RT3ftgTtt) gft graft gsgi3R gtgft RgftgRif dRg gratft
"3Tfr gaft cHrqftRREP' s?^gggfr s^3 t dRggP
fttggrftgT T^gft fftftg RRPigft sisv dRggft gsp ^ggts
ftpgr (RTcftgTtT) ft "tt5i1cft7fEF-7gRfttPgv" t "cjafttPgv"
RllTERl?p4tggft 3radT f?R Rgftg gt fftRfd SRtpggg
rtP t^gaftg t^Epgft grrarg gtgft Pftri dT sqr.Ep.gr.
(RTcrfrgitt) ft 3rgft gg gsnR sqrrfttR Epgts^TKgg gftRT
ftpgr  (RTcftgTtT)  ft gtgft "reprttRep' t "iTtRRTdggr"
RtSqcijRbgP   RTftRPEP   ^TRT   cHTTRTcHTRrgRT   ggqft   RTR
3Fgtr
3TRTR ?o°£, RT 7ftgTRRT Sqggft EpsftRggft fttR) R3ftTRdRT
sqirfttg t rftgTftt RTcftgTtt?TRTf 3ggEttggft ggsqagit
srw gft ftrgg tftdgri sqrrfttR RTcftgrti^r^ft 3ngdT
gggg aiioiitid rftgTftt Epgts^TRrg gdRr? dgttgra ttggft
RTftgPEP    Rc7REltRf?TKRT    "ftfl    Eiaft    ft    ft debt"    TEftEPR
gti" a^gftRrf 3TC5gTft gft rtetctPep grEpg7^ ftgft
gRTRTERR   aft   gratft   Rggr   gg   gg^gggpR   grftt
S° 3TRE7fT7iTof737gpRCqi€f (3Tf3tTcTTft)oWqcTEr7r3llulld,d JdlddJ R,L!obl
fat<T "tfr.tFr.JJTT.ofTf ?tdT 7rfTETRT7fl- il^d dqipfi 3TT3llc|lc!)dl^ aTREtfJT
3Tf3tTcTTftof)f tcT5«r i^JIcd tslWobl Sgi qf^OT «l*JIMcbl STtafTcTTftETlf
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Pftri arrgft g?w gsft 3ftr?RRTf g3ar ?rfib"?nRt
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rrift iftrpnT 3ggftr r?w ?rf^grf gggft Trwgg sr t
dgRRif ftfr ^aRTcFR tRdT gajR gft gift ggRg sgi
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gftrfEPi sgi iftr?T«bT ftrtREp «[uid)P3rgrR iftr?r^ft 3T^t
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3Tg?nrra t Trafttg rtrt gui** twrggft si ftt grgr
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sigraR?r«rra srfipsnftt RRgfitr ftRTRT RTcftgTttpRft
trtoRrr Pftri cbuidcHi twi^ggft gggft ?rpP (rtr
tHitRR t EftRsqFaj gaft fgftgRT Tfgg fttg ?RRsqFaj gaft
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R3REfft   7gdRtg   ^tt   ggft   3ggftr   araRrgft   ga-sgg
gftTTftEfft SI fftTRd ?nPR gj-^ttdlcbl ^rftcHoRTatg
RT3TtgTttft   RdgRb"   TtRTRlf   cHTgrftt   fRfg^T^RT   gwgg
sg, rt gi*Ji6pcb t^trt sqft Pd)^ Ljcbsi^ sgi gggr
gggft ggtiftaiTg gftpgrdrf TftlggtT PftrpnT ggr
fgrftragft tRdr gP 3TrftR gtgg sgi
{|<hihm< QTrersn gg gtg^t ftra-r RTfttErrat^ RgTRgg
fttggt sqrggg grrdtftgr 3trtrt gg gfti ifti^d sftftrfREp
fidlcbldl^   PRFgR   gft   gaR   fdUcbl   Pgdg   T   dgTdt
3ftr?TKT gtRR gP, RRitft t?PPf fttggt sqrggT R3Rgft
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dRftft     icft^d     gRTRRRT     RTEPREbft     RT^RRTf     3T?g
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gtgfs gRi TiRftrPgTa Pira rtr ftt imii^ ggi
RRRRgft   RRftrfftRT   3TT3dTft   gift   RTcftgTtt?TRTf   ^bT^aj
sqggft si rtr aRgftgft g^gggft iftt^rgrf ggfigft
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g^a" grft t 3ggftr ggg fgrdR gft 3ftt?TRTf gPrftr
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?ra gat 3terr gfft 3ftr?TRTf Prftgft si
cHftrt gtg rrt ERTrfftfta: g^ft t b? rrt
fggrgEp?T^Pf?°'   EpRrggra   cTO   TTRftrfREp   aR^TRtgrtft
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gift   3ggft   dgft   ajPrgg   Tfgft   Pftri   3t?ttr   3tfp
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?°? matrcTTft^Et sttomt etP tofrP^row "arrfiR ^ettoct" ^ 7tt7ow tftqun
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RTga-rfftEp gg igsqW TTR^gft g^gggt gF^rrRRif
tftRTJftr gsgi ifPdi gfttgft <RdRT 3ggRT d?g sftPgr
fttRRT RFgrRR s sqft wsgg^r fftsrgrat 3rrTRcpftt ^zn
3radrtf|R 3rrTREPRt RTaii^cHi fftggftr gsgi ftt 3ft
RFgrRR gsqjg 3TTftREpr ?ttft tfttftg g^Rrgg sgi?oV
3.     cR (blpTcH Sift 3TC5T
gPlgfft igdRg?^ sqg dTgtft RTftlciid^ <0t ejri^
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RTcftgrttpnT RRsqg igdRg?^ ?ra dgrggra RRRRgft
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ggr cps-gr gst sqFft grgft ajfttgra gratcii^^ gfs
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t JUcbj-^Pfd ggraRFftft ftddg gtgft treprrt 'Ot
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3TRRRRT   1JT   ggft   T   RoRTttR   TREPRRT   cHPTRt   gft?TEPT
?rfti?F gn grriR gfft 3ftr?r^ft ftr RtRRtRif Jigg-iili
7RTttgtt RoRTftR TTtftRra ioft^cbl   ggw Ra-R?TRP fttR
si ggfg ggRT sqjftggRgft ettrt gttggft s, rt gfft
ggft TTfftrgdr t ftRTgft ggRrgRT rrr RTftlciiaftcbi 3^g
graiPcbdi^di^ RcKftRd gtgft sri
gtfftgffft RTcftgrtr rftdT?r* 3ftt?TRft "ggf rht" ft "goftr
rht" Rif gj-^ttdiciid) gft gp-R gftgft ggp 3TrgdT
cHggTftrpRTRar grffti rt 3ftt?r^ft T^iftiR trtrt Tfgft
3ggftr tetrf? gsqrgRrf Rptggr gggg tttjt wrft gP
R3R    TdTRT    sqggft    g^agPRift    3ftt?TRft    gffftgft
Tgd^RdTRlf  fftTRlt  EpjTRfT  gcRPJEfft  SI   3ftf?TRft   "^
rtepr" t "^ 3TajRR' ^¥ Rg gRTR sqggg sgi s&j
sqg rtttP dr^bid o=grg ttft RR31 ajdd^ 'Ot rrtrt^t
P%   Rrgggg   Pgi   dRggft   gaar   "grrat   ggr'   gr
JT^RTET ^TfefT dmdobl dlobfy-U ^I^WKJHdob obT&bJT E7ZW f fcTEM obt
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gft ggrggft 3gPdgRlf RTcftgrttp^ft Prg 3rgqtgft si
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rt    gtgft    TR^ttdTRT    gPRPsid    RTcftgTttgft    ^
ftrRRTcHgRR    3ftt?TRft    cHdgRb    TtRT    T    TT3Rgft    ftRTEfft
fPrgg ERTgt) gggft t 3ftr?r^RTPr gggr Trggft ggttEtagg
ggra trrt T?ggft sqFft Pftri ggrtft ?Prr sggrgTgR
glgrgr grrPsqEp trrt 3ftt?rftT ftgraT Epp_g T?ft grrRif
iftl^d TEffEPR 3rggcgti qtfftgft ?nfl 7ftgrRt ftdT t
cHtfftgft rftgrftt ftdTgft ftTRTft sqrg dRRft
ggfttajRcHoRTatd gtRi?o13 7RRtgft g^ggft grag gajg
gft 3gTRt RdTEfft rjEfftftEpR gP ?ftRI  RT3TtgTtt RoRfTiJ^ft
gftg ftRrgr 3T53RarEP^ tjwept sri  ftr gg 3ftr?TRft
get!   cHTrRTfg^TTREfft   TgRTRftRg   TTfftR   fr,    c-ojgcbl   gift
gj-^ttdicbl tgdRT RTcftgrttp^ft twrgEPi Efyg^rttrgft
gftRTR gfft fri 3ftr?TKT 3g?rr gtRRTR rteprrt
3ftt?Wr ggdg?nft) ga: gP gi3R gftdgi iftr?TRif
igggraRFgtgft ga: ttft ftrcg g<j^ftdi rtr aRgft
gsETFyRgft arggft Pftri gr cHtIwtrt iftrp^ft gRdTTRgr
trrt grffts gFft ga^rra- Pr g^iid gftr, ggw ga^F
sqft rftgrftt gggftg j ggrftft ^ir gfti
TREPRRT 3ftt?TRft gTdt fcppfREPT TTfSqiPdlcbl  ftft m^\
gP sgi dftr fr - ftfr gft 3radftR g?nrra cHRtEpfgR
sqggT Rggft cHTPPdRTgft trggra RTcftgrtr gPrft 3rgra
ggftsgi
ggrJSEpr 3rggR RTcftgTaftgft ggPdft 3ggT graft gR gtgft
si ifti^d %&% gr§r gP?ra Ra-R ?nPrR JiUggicbi
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cggrRigft TspgRT RsqggT gg? ^fjp grat ffrngft RTspPdr
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#? yobdl JTcSH gHJPsTT 7ite fiS 3pobT Sd; - "Nepali Congress,
as the biggest democratic party, should take the lead, and Prime Minister
Girija Prasad Koirala should take the initiative". The Himalayan Times,
3^  3TRrET  3oo^|
S.   Chandrasekharan,   "Nepal:   CEC  urges   postponement  of CA
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2004", Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCR),
oblbcHISI, 3°oc;, http://nepal.ohcr.org/en/index.html.
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3oo(j)|
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IV
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SRI
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idJSftSd/^  iftTi^F TTRftrfftcP gaT^RI T ciJJcigiPcbdlcbl
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dTftggora 3Rft fftgR e^pp gsgi
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g^TRft Trargra Pggdg grftg gftsi RTftrgitt t
ftdTfttg Tfgft cHTgrft Rtg-wg g?R Rfgra gg fti
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RdTEfft gRdtgRTRT ftte ftdTft ftdTft fEraft? gft ggft t
ggPREprft ErrgrFftrgft iaR sqggft fft grgrift tfttsfr
RfiPft iftpvFRif gftft ggft sr RTcftgitt ftdTpraif si?"
idJ a^ TTFg?gftraTf graft RT3ftgitPPi gg RRifsqt gftr
?(:V Ift^ftcT sblfPRT ^q ftqtt, Nepal's Peace Agreement, JfiP
ic-dfiad,q_.   3? I
?" ?4 uidci^l ^ 300^ 3tt atgfttE^T JiUyobl ararftsr 7FfRr,m5p
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obTTff 7<rra"P Jl§ 3THJcbT PlJ I "PM Koirala receives credentials of
Chinese ambassador", nepalnews.com, ?^ STRTcT 3°ot9l
?" g5c?T3R 7FTTdT •dollcllc!) qidl^d PcLHd 3Trap3Tr g"ET d,d1<+>l
ETlP Pcld,d fcVobl Sg, 75RTTflT jftpi Uolld<H qi€f (dqTET), dqTET
^aTTcTdT qTdft, •H^Mcllc!) qTdft T" u)d=H,^ri qTdft T^TobT SHI "Four
pro-monarchy parties registered with EC", nepalnews.com, 3° STRTET
3oo(j)|
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q^ST   Pil<r-=|U|^|    <|^cbl    si
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cblbcHI^T, PapJR-^J-^R   3oo£|
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3oot;|
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RTcftgrtr PRorRR tg^ gsg ggft g^Jifbd ?rf?pRrf
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TTRftrfftcP TTRpft ?Prr spRgpr ftgg fri dRggg rtP
grag atggft gRRgft gftpgT grfftggsi aisqt3gg?r, gft
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ftr gggr sg ftt ftRppi srft gft gg reiift TT^ragi ftr
gg sg ftrgrff ftRTRif 3rrgft iftftgR srariR gPPgRr
sqftr fggr sgi
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ffti ftdfttft g55T sreprt gft grftg% dRggft epartrt
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sqrgRrRTf iRpra Rrfti dtsqjRT ?°°4 rt rtr aRgft
gbRFRggft arggft gj-^ttdicHi sqirdft wftgft TT?REPdtgft
sqjftEprRif iftrp^ft TEftEpR 3rggg gsrft a^ gggg Pgi
ggr g iftrpRft 3gg?gEPRr t afrit, gggrPgr RR?PRq1ft
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gfttag gft gfRRr Erargi?<?° 3rtgR ?ooe, gft 3TTFaftdRgfs
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fftrg RRRrPgEp dTJf rRf ftrfti rtrt atftg trtepi
g?rrg RR^gft RT^gggra gg gg RRrggft 3TRtg R3ngi?"
ggft RTcftgrtiRif gsrft gftra Rgrftr : RTcftgrttp^ft
fttt gift ftdfttRif ft gf|gdTEPf rtP g^attr wrr
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?s° ibifPRr ^trP ararcfpr, JTrattcnft spi^R, obTcsmsf, PaPsR
3oo£;|
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3TRETobt  7cT7fl-apqtd'   ^<r-i|c||d,   oSRP  Jp|   IftjftcT  "Visit to the South",
Spotlight, 3V  dtapJR   3oo£|
?s' gtftr Qrstr,  "jrrattcnftjTr WkJcbl 3tret-(ui<41P", ^/Ph^, 33
3tRTET  300IJI
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(bl$Ql-H  §V ljfH4l Wtt tf.   ?31,   K ft loots
11
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gP gft gtragi dgftft "ftdfttgft TT^rftrgtftRT gift gft
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3Tft RdPT 3TTiftSI
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gft g'dJddi glfcfttf^ wr^t 3gggg ggi ggft
RTcftgTtt?^ r.r.gift rPt RRffgra ft Tfggft
(gt^iRT/RTRraggTtt Tgr^Rrf ggrift sqftr) iftrpnr
TftPra EfggEpr drift rpt r.r.gft sqjftgg wrftgg Pgi
R.R.Rlf   FRTiRlft   WTTRTtt   ddgRb    RdTRlf   TRPRTRT
gft t Rragdrgrg gRi TTRftlPRT gajgur gft r?r Pfs
sqFft ifttijpft 3T?gg gtgg Pgi rt gtt r.r.gft
:ftddEraT Tfgft ?Prr E^pRgpra gffpgrft RT3ftgTtt
Rsrggprarf aftftggftiR trrt Rgt Rf|g RdTRT gisra
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tft?rg gPPfg ?gra RTtaRgft tttetrPett trrt cHpftgRT
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gft grprft aftg r.r.ept rprtrt trsi ^ grriSR, rt
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ggajgRif g^riiR gr^rFsgi
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ggPdggg fETEppcpvF rpp?tkt gRr gftgft ^dwfti
glfpfttl^ fa!t 3ggEpr sgi dRRR ftdPPft rtPpp trrt
3ggftr giR^ft ga^tg gft j 3gp[EfT trrt repttjr 3ggtft
twTidRif ft?ggft gd ggs (Rrft "3PFatgT cbiPd" gft
gg gdgTttRt Pgg) i rt gggra iftrpRft tpppggr
rTrrt gP gEpa g^ui RTcftgrtr RgftrPgg PftraT?7^
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gft ftRi^ft argRgft ?ra gtftftr grs t gtt RfftgraRsqift
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fftftg TEftEPR gftsdg sqFft sr iftt^rraif sim
?<U
obi^PiH ^q#n ararcTpt, jrrattcnft dErr^R, obremsf, dtaP^R
3oot;i
?sv5bTfPRr ^jtrP atrr-dciPl^i^w arssnf, 3tRtet 300^1
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mattcTTft^Rp-   qftQp   •mslcb,   3pP   mfctobt   ardtfobt   q^J5Et
3u<HW<HI JRI ?^ftTT "Prachanda criticizes Martin, says no
preconditions have bee set for verification", nepalnews.com, 3 3T 300^1
?<U5bT?PRT 3JTRP atrr-ddPl JTraftcTTft dETT^R7, obTES3TT5f, Jt  3oo£|
ggrisft gggft Pgfgg gsqg tfttr? gft ga^rft gffftgra ft
fa!t 3ggEpr sri?S13 faRT? gft gggg sqgqls RTcrfrgitr
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ftr Tjgrar fttt gg ggft ftRigftr ttgi?^ gg ?°°ij gft
3rfqRRT   gftgft   Ef^trg   RPPgft   ttegra   gP   srppp
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gssqsgft gT3Tra fr sq^ft g^dcbi trrt 3ggri gffftr
Epa^TEfft   trrt   RT3trgTti?THT   3rupraggft   garaT   ^TRiarr
TT5EPdR   RPdEPI   SR,    RTRgrft   tEtTtR   EprftEpgRlf   iRI^RT
gRTidgg rtP ttf^argR ftft fttRRT gP iftrpRft si'°°
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flftaRTRT gftgft RT3ftgiatgft EbTttg gPlftgft tfeEpcgg
ggRrf gdflpgrftrR grr^ftri"" gg r Rggg RtftgftR
gaRg^ P?rrg ggpvF gg, Rgfft Pdgft 7tRdg tp^t
RrfftrRT Rgggg Rdgfirr ftdppr Eggpsr^r^RT gttggft si
^U^UcRfjl    airr-dclp1!, W&WT, ^^Wt    300£|
*%6 RrcETcT, "d^rr obpHtPmf ^Errqciob obiiiPoiid JRf', Jt^?r,
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srat :<: Tj|^liqfs>, PapSR srflrdTOT |?r sfe SI
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'°? obi$P.n ^trP ararefpr, jrratfcnft stett, obib^i^T, stRtet 300^1
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(Tgggg gft^rgra gg) Pggft ^ ^ra^fttg ft^trg
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sgi dgtft ggft rrrrept gratpraTf sqft r^t gfttd
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gift T PrftT atggg ajdlfvWll Carnegie Corporation of New
York, Carso Foundation, Compton Foundation, Ford Foundation,
Fundacion DAI<^V Internacional, Iara Lee and George Gund III
Foundation, William & Flora Hewlett Foundation, Hunt
Alternatives Fund, Kimsey Foundation, Korea Foundation,
John D. & Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Charles Stewart
Mott Foundation, Open Society Institute, Pierre and Pamela
Omidyar Fund, Victor Pinchuk Foundation, Ploughshares Fund,
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Provictimis Foundation, Radcliffe Foundation, Sigrid Rausing
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CENTRAL ASIA
The Failure of Reform in Uzbekistan: Ways Forward for
the International Community, Asia Report N°76, 11 March
2004 (also available in Russian)
Tajikistan's Politics: Confrontation or Consolidation?, Asia
Briefing N°33, 19 May 2004
Political Transition in Kyrgyzstan: Problems and Prospects,
Asia Report N°81, 11 August 2004
Repression and Regression in Turkmenistan: A New
International Strategy, Asia Report N°85, 4 November 2004
(also available in Russian)
The Curse of Cotton: Central Asia's Destructive
Monoculture, Asia Report N°93, 28 February 2005 (also
available in Russian)
Kyrgyzstan: After the Revolution, Asia Report N°97, 4 May
2005 (also available in Russian)
Uzbekistan: The Andijon Uprising, Asia Briefing N°38, 25
May 2005 (also available in Russian)
Kyrgyzstan: A Faltering State, Asia Report N°109, 16
December 2005 (also available in Russian)
Uzbekistan: In for the Long Haul, Asia Briefing N°45, 16
February 2006
Central Asia: What Role for the European Union?, Asia
Report N° 113, 10 April 2006
Kyrgyzstan's Prison System Nightmare, Asia Report N°l 18,
16 August 2006 (also available in Russian)
Uzbekistan: Europe's Sanctions Matter, Asia Briefing N°54,
6 November 2006
Kyrgyzstan on the Edge, Asia Briefing N°55, 9 November
2006
Turkmenistan after Niyazov, Asia Briefing N°60, 12
February 2007
NORTH EAST ASIA
Taiwan Strait IV: How an Ultimate Political Settlement
Might Look, Asia Report N°75, 26 February 2004
North Korea: Where Next for the Nuclear Talks?, Asia
Report N°87, 15 November 2004 (also available in Korean
and in Russian)
Korea Backgrounder: How the South Views its Brother
from Another Planet, Asia Report N°89, 14 December 2004
(also available in Korean and in Russian)
North Korea: Can the Iron Fist Accept the Invisible Hand?,
Asia Report N°96, 25 April 2005 (also available in Korean
and in Russian)
Japan and North Korea: Bones of Contention, Asia Report
N°100, 27 June 2005 (also available in Korean)
China and Taiwan: Uneasy Detente, Asia Briefing N°42, 21
September 2005
North East Asia's Undercurrents of Conflict, Asia Report
N°108, 15 December 2005 (also available in Korean)
China and North Korea: Comrades Forever?, Asia Report
N°l 12, 1 February 2006 (also available in Korean)
After North Korea's Missile Launch: Are the Nuclear Talks
Dead?, Asia Briefing N°52, 9 August 2006 (also available in
Korean and in Russian)
Perilous Journeys: The Plight of North Koreans in China
and Beyond, Asia Report N°122, 26 October 2006 (also
available in Russian)
North Korea's Nuclear Test: The Fallout, Crisis Group Asia
Briefing N°56, 13 November 2006
SOUTH ASIA
Unfulfilled Promises: Pakistan's Failure to Tackle
Extremism, Asia Report N°73, 16 January 2004
Nepal: Dangerous Plans for Village Militias, Asia Briefing
N°30, 17 February 2004 (also available in Nepali)
Devolution in Pakistan: Reform or Regression?, Asia Report
N°77, 22 March 2004
Elections and Security in Afghanistan, Asia Briefing N°31,
30 March 2004
India/Pakistan Relations and Kashmir: Steps toward Peace,
Asia Report N°79, 24 June 2004
Pakistan: Reforming the Education Sector, Asia Report
N°84, 7 October 2004
Building Judicial Independence in Pakistan, Asia Report
N°86, 10 November 2004
Afghanistan: From Presidential to Parliamentary Elections,
Asia Report N°88, 23 November 2004
Nepal's Royal Coup: Making a Bad Situation Worse, Asia
Report N°91, 9 February 2005
Afghanistan: Getting Disarmament Back on Track, Asia
Briefing N°35, 23 February 2005
Nepal: Responding to the Royal Coup, Asia Briefing N°35,
24 February 2005
Nepal: Dealing with a Human Rights Crisis, Asia Report
N°94, 24 March 2005
The State of Sectarianism in Pakistan, Asia Report N°95, 18
April 2005
Political Parties in Afghanistan, Asia Briefing N°39, 2 June
2005
Towards a Lasting Peace in Nepal: The Constitutional
Issues, Asia Report N°99, 15 June 2005
Afghanistan Elections: Endgame or New Beginning?, Asia
Report N° 101, 21 July 2005
Nepal: Beyond Royal Rule, Asia Briefing N°41, 15
September 2005
Authoritarianism and Political Party Reform in Pakistan,
Asia Report N° 102, 28 September 2005
Nepal's Maoists: Their Aims, Structure and Strategy, Asia
Report N° 104, 27 October 2005
Pakistan's Local Polls: Shoring Up Military Rule, Asia
Briefing N°43, 22 November 2005
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33
Nepal's New Alliance: The Mainstream Parties and the
Maoists, Asia Report 106, 28 November 2005
Rebuilding the Afghan State: The European Union's Role,
Asia Report N°107, 30 November 2005
Nepal: Electing Chaos, Asia Report N° 111, 31 January 2006
Pakistan: Political Impact ofthe Earthquake, Asia Briefing
N°46, 15 March 2006
Nepal's Crisis: Mobilising International Influence, Asia
Briefing N°49,19 April 2006
Nepal: From People Power to Peace?, Asia Report N°115,
10 May 2006
Afghanistan's New Legislature: Making Democracy Work,
Asia Report N° 116, 15 May 2006
India, Pakistan and Kashmir: Stabilising a Cold Peace, Asia
Briefing N°51, 15 June 2006
Pakistan: the Worsening Conflict in Balochistan, Asia
Report N° 119, 14 September 2006
Bangladesh Today, Asia Report N°121, 23 October 2006
Countering Afghanistan's Insurgency: No  Quick Fixes,
Asia Report N°123, 2 November 2006
Sri Lanka: The Failure of the Peace Process, Asia Report
N°124, 28 November 2006
Pakistan's Tribal Areas: Appeasing the Militants, Asia
Report N°125, 11 December 2006
Nepal's Peace Agreement: Making it Work, Asia Report
N°126, 15 December 2006
Afghanistan's Endangered Compact, Asia Briefing N°59, 29
January 2007
SOUTH EAST ASIA
Indonesia Backgrounder: Jihad in Central Sulawesi, Asia
Report N°74, 3 February 2004
Myanmar: Sanctions, Engagement or Another Way
Forward?, Asia Report N°78, 26 April 2004
Indonesia: Violence Erupts Again in Ambon, Asia Briefing
N°32, 17 May 2004
Southern Philippines Backgrounder: Terrorism and the
Peace Process, Asia Report N°80, 13 July 2004 (also
available in Indonesian)
Myanmar: Aid to the Border Areas, Asia Report N°82, 9
September 2004
Indonesia Backgrounder: Why Salafism and Terrorism
Mostly Don't Mix, Asia Report N°83, 13 September 2004
Burma/Myanmar: Update on HIV/AIDS policy, Asia
Briefing N°34, 16 December 2004
Indonesia: Rethinking Internal Security Strategy, Asia
Report N°90, 20 December 2004
Recycling Militants in Indonesia: Darul Islam and the
Australian Embassy Bombing, Asia Report N°92, 22
February 2005 (also available in Indonesian)
Decentralisation and Conflict in Indonesia: The Mamasa
Case, Asia Briefing N°37, 3 May 2005
Southern Thailand: Insurgency, Not Jihad, Asia Report
N°98, 18 May 2005 (also available in Thai)
Aceh: A New Chance for Peace, Asia Briefing N°40, 15
August 2005
Weakening Indonesia's Mujahidin Networks: Lessons from
Maluku andPoso, Asia Report N° 103, 13 October 2005 (also
available in Indonesian)
Thailand's Emergency Decree: No Solution, Asia Report
N°105, 18 November 2005 (also available in Thai)
Aceh: So far, So Good, Asia Update Briefing N°44, 13
December 2005 (also available in Indonesian)
Philippines Terrorism: The Role of Militant Islamic
Converts, Asia Report N°l 10, 19 December 2005
Papua: The Dangers of Shutting Down Dialogue, Asia
Briefing N°47, 23 March 2006 (also available in Indonesian)
Aceh: Now for the Hard Part, Asia Briefing N°48, 29 March
2006
Managing Tensions on the Timor-Leste/Indonesia Border,
Asia Briefing N°50, 4 May 2006
Terrorism in Indonesia: Noordin's Networks, Asia Report
N°l 14, 5 May 2006 (also available in Indonesian)
Islamic Law and Criminal Justice in Aceh, Asia Report
N°l 17, 31 July 2006 (also available in Indonesian)
Papua: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions, Asia
Briefing N°53, 5 September 2006
Resolving Timor-Leste's Crisis, Asia Report N°120, 10
October 2006
Aceh's Local Elections: The Role of the Free Aceh
Movement (GAM), Asia Briefing N°57, 29 November 2006
Myanmar: New Threats to Humanitarian Aid, Asia Briefing
N°58, 8 December 2006
Jihadism in Indonesia: Poso on the Edge, Asia Report
N°127, 24 January 2007
OTHER REPORTS AND BRIEFINGS
For Crisis Group reports and briefing papers on:
Asia
Africa
Europe
Latin America and Caribbean
Mddle East and North Africa
Thematic Issues
CrisisWatch
please visit our website www.crisisgroup.org
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Co-Chairs
Christopher Patten
Former European Commissioner for External Relations,
Governor of Hong Kong and UK Cabinet Minister; Chancellor of
Oxford University
Thomas Pickering
Former U.S. Ambassador to the UN, Russia, India, Israel, Jordan,
El Salvador and Nigeria
President & CEO
Gareth Evans
Former Foreign Minister of Australia
Executive Committee
Cheryl Carolus
Former South African High Commissioner to the UK and
Secretary General ofthe ANC
Maria Livanos Cattaui*
Member ofthe Board of Directors, Petroplus Holding AG,
Switzerland; former Secretary-General, International Chamber of
Commerce
Yoichi Funabashi
Chief Diplomatic Correspondent & Columnist, The Asahi Shimbun,
Japan
Frank Giustra
Chairman, Endeavour Financial, Canada
Stephen Solarz
Former U.S. Congressman
George Soros
Chairman, Open Society Institute
Par Stenback
Former Foreign Minister of Finland
*Vice-Chair
Morton Abramowitz
Former U.S. Assistant Secretary of State and Ambassador to Turkey
Adnan Abu-Odeh
Former Political Adviser to King Abdullah II and to King Hussein
and Jordan Permanent Representative to the UN
Kenneth Adelman
Former U.S. Ambassador and Director ofthe Arms Control and
Disarmament Agency
Ersin Arioglu
Member of Parliament, Turkey; Chairman Emeritus, Yapi
Merkezi Group
Shlomo Ben-Ami
Former Foreign Minister of Israel
Lakhdar Brahimi
Former Special Adviser to the UN Secretary-General and Algerian
Foreign Minister
Zbigniew Brzezinski
Former U.S. National Security Advisor to the President
Kim Campbell
Former Prime Minister of Canada; Secretary General, Club of Madrid
Naresh Chandra
Former Indian Cabinet Secretary and Ambassador of India to the U.S.
Joaquim Alberto Chissano
Former President of Mozambique
Victor Chu
Chairman, First Eastern Investment Group, Hong Kong
Wesley Clark
Former NATO Supreme Allied Commander, Europe
Pat Cox
Former President of European Parliament
Uffe Ellemann-Jensen
Former Foreign Minister of Denmark
Mark Eyskens
Former Prime Minister of Belgium
Joschka Fischer
Former Foreign Minister of Germany
Leslie H. Gelb
President Emeritus of Council on Foreign Relations, U.S.
Carla Hills
Former Secretary of Housing and U.S. Trade Representative
Lena Hjelm-Wallen
Former Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Affairs Minister,
Sweden
Swanee Hunt
Chair of Inclusive Security: Women Waging Peace; former U.S.
Ambassador to Austria
Anwar Ibrahim
Former Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
Asma Jahangir
UN Special Rapporteur on the Freedom of Religion or Belief;
Chairperson, Human Rights Commission of Pakistan
Nancy Kassebaum Baker
Former U.S. Senator
James V. Kimsey
Founder and Chairman Emeritus of America Online, Inc. (AOL)
Wim Kok
Former Prime Minister of Netherlands
Ricardo Lagos
Former President of Chile
Joanne Leedom-Ackerman
Novelist and journalist, U.S.
Ayo Obe
Chair of Steering Committee of World Movement for Democracy,
Nigeria
Christine Ockrent
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31
Journalist and author, France
Victor Pinchuk
Founder oflnterpipe Scientific and Industrial Production Group
Samantha Power
Author and Professor, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard
Fidel V. Ramos
Former President of Philippines
Ghassan Salame
Former Minister, Lebanon; Professor of International Relations, Paris
Douglas Schoen
Founding Partner of Penn, Schoen & Berland Associates, U.S.
Thorvald Stoltenberg
Former Foreign Minister of Norway
Ernesto Zedillo
Former President of Mexico; Director, Yale Center for the Study
of Globalization
INTERNATIONAL ADVISORY COUNCIL
Crisis Group's International Advisory Council comprises major individual and corporate donors who contribute
their advice and experience to Crisis Group on a regular basis.
Rita E. Hauser (Chair)
Elliott F. Kulick (Deputy Chair)
Marc Abramowitz
Anglo American PLC
APCO Worldwide Inc.
Ed Bachrach
Patrick E. Benzie
Stanley M. Bergman and
Edward J. Bergman
BHP Billiton
Harry Bookey and Pamela
Bass-Bookey
Carso Foundation
John Chapman Chester
Chevron
Citigroup
Companhia Vale do Rio Doce
Richard H. Cooper
Credit Suisse
John Ehara
Equinox Partners
Konrad Fischer
Alan Griffiths
Charlotte and Fred Hubbell
Iara Lee & George Gund III
Foundation
Khaled Juffali
George Kellner
Shiv Vikram Khemka
Scott J. Lawlor
George Loening
McKinsey & Company
Najib A. Mikati
Donald Pels
PT Newmont Pacific Nusantara
(Mr. Robert Humberson)
Michael L. Riordan
Tilleke & Gibbins
Baron Guy Ullens de Schooten
VIVATrust
Stanley Weiss
Westfield Group
Woodside Energy Ltd
Don Xia
Yapi Merkezi Construction and
Industry Inc.
Yasuyo Yamazaki
Shinji Yazaki
Sunny Yoon
SENIOR ADVISERS
Crisis Group's Senior Advisers are former Board Members (not presently holding national government
executive office) who maintain an association with Crisis Group, and whose advice and support are called on
from time to time.
Martti Ahtisaari
(Chairman Emeritus)
Diego Arria
Paddy Ashdown
Zainab Bangura
Christoph Bertram
Jorge Castaneda
Alain Destexhe
Marika Fahlen
Stanley Fischer
Malcolm Fraser
Bronislaw Geremek
I.K. Gujral
Max Jakobson
Todung Mulya Lubis
Allan J. MacEachen
Barbara McDougall
Matthew McHugh
George J. Mitchell
(Chairman Emeritus)
Surin Pitsuwan
Cyril Ramaphosa
George Robertson
Michel Rocard
Volker Ruehe
Mohamed Sahnoun
Salim A. Salim
William Taylor
Leo Tindemans
Ed van Thijn
Shirley Williams
Grigory Yavlinski
Uta Zap
 

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