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Nepal's Constitution (I): Evolution not Revolution International Crisis Group 2012-08-27

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W^Wt FRfF TRfffft? ffsiFR "ftftftf fft ff fftf tftr I
FTFF TTdTfffft F? ffff! fffTRTff ffft TfTfft TfTf
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Ffftft FFT fftfl fftffft ftft? FRFft FTTffff ftfTF
fRft fft fftF? fftfttl Tfftft Tff TfftftfTff TTfsrrfft*
<Hfftfdfl HAWAII TTff <Tfftfdd <Hf|ildl<TJ-FSfr yWMdl^ ftff
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ff "f "ftfftsTRRfFFT ?ftffffFFRTR TfftfftfTfT ff TlftRTFT
fftfffTefl ftf fffft ?ftf? I TT fRg" ftflfTft TfTTfftF Ff
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fff T fffff fft fftfftfT fff fftT ft ffftR*? fftft?, TT
fftffft Tfft fft ffftfft fftft ftftft? T TFTffTft ftft
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TRfftfl ft'ffRf yf*i||dl^ ff Ttfft f|Tft*l fftfti Tftffff!
ff fffRf "ff fFF? TFfF TffFd "FfTftTF! "ftftf fF ^f
FRf? F FFff: ci||c|£|Rcfc, <fdkf*Tffff *$A\£ *41*lft
^f ffft TRfftdTFT fTTffF ftft TTT! TTRf ffft I
tJfldd <Hf|ildl*l Rlild ftft frftR FT fftf fff fftftftft
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?ftf?l FFfft TRf fffftfF TfftfftF ffffft ffTfffft
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^o$V\ T^rgpFTW  ^rwrft  ^fftTFTT  T  TTW^tRF  *Tfe  ftrrf7^
^o<n i ft^in^*") arwPm^iM ^fftRi+i yRft4dft< w -^n+id+i
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TTTft wftfftf FT Y I
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fF fffrfft ftfTft fftl^
tt^t w^frww mmw: mtf *t7f 5^ttr" wm
ftftrfT Ro<\ <f f! ffffffftft RpsfTf FTRFT ftfR?? fffftf T
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Ff fft i fTfftft fftffFft FftfTrft ?ftftsr f?ftfftff ffft
NO NO
TFffR Ffft Fffft FTTFt ftft Tftfft? fftlT I F TffftftT FTR
ft? fft Hldl*l \§\A\\ TfftfftF T fftftTf TTfT efdl^*l TFT?
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fffFTTF ffffTTF? ffftfFfft fft ?ft??TR Tfft fTfff fftff I
ftftRft ft? ff TF? fft, ftffft TTFd f?%f SRFfTTF TFTf
no ' /s
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ft fftf, "ftftftf FfrfsTFR T Fft "ftfFFFf ftftf ffflfff ffft
^T c NO
"ftrftftRfF' TRf ?ftf I ^
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^5FT?fftT TiJFft TTff SFWfftf, WWTT^, ft ^of^ |
ND
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Wftft ftftWTTWTftfWf FTTT7001S T^f ergtft TWftT Fftft 'fit" WT
ftft FHTFT ft?ft, F ftfftWTTWft TWT FfftrWT ftftfftwf ft T^RT
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ftfftWTWTFTT WTWft T Trftfttwftf fftWT-'H<J+K+l ftftT W TWWft
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effe $fe/i>&/ e?f TTtf^ ^ff^r, STF Y I FftftrTT ftt TTrftftftt T
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TWTFftwftr WT ftfl
^ W^ftftt ftRWWW" ftftftft WRTTftsFFf FFW WFT wft Trft
FTT-TftFT dP+H+l TWT FFJdftf FFTT FTW FTTft wRrftT I TFT?
Wf ftt ftRWWW WTft FFW WTT FTJ" "WFTT ^TT FT|" wft^f I
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TR93T wfttft WW Wft Ft fftfl TWftt TTFW ft WTT Twfft
WTWft FT|W Wft F?wftftTT FTTF? TWFT T ftftr ftFTT wft
ftf I "How majority, minority reports differ", The Kathmandu Post, R
ftTFTft ~iO<\~i; "SRC submits report", Republica, f  ft^sftT T ° ^ ^ |
"SRC report only for reference: Lawmakers", Republica, ^Y TTTT
TRO^ | FdR*T ftfftWTTTT 3|l4l<l+l yRft^d ftfftyid'H'm+i Wftfftftsiw7
|ft FftT ftftTW T3rj
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fftTffl Tff ff fftsfrfft* fftftffF? fdTFf "ff ftTTfTft
(FftsTRRfFF?) ?ftffff FftftfTFT TtftftRTSffft Tffftf FT?
Tff, FfffF "FfTF? TRffttftft ffRfTf' I ?°
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?ftft, fffft FTFR Tffftf "SffTRT fffff I ftft? fRftff
"ftftsnfftF ffftff WT ?ftFRRTf fttRif*? fftfti fT fft
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WWIW yfrtft&rW: WT^fWt T>W
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NO
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ftfRffff fffRTffFT ffft TTt%TFf FtdTft Y*. TRTfTFd
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fTTF? RTdT FTTf ft^ fftft fft Tff fftftfFF Fff, ffft T
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TfftffFR! Ff? ff I ffft "Ff" F? FTTFTfF TftfF FTFTTF?
TTf fF?f fft fftfTF? Fffft fftftt, ffft F^ Fffft fftfft
Ftd! flfftf? fft fftft fftF Ttft? Fft? Ftd! FRf fRTFRl
ft flfft tR? ftfftfFf fft fftfTF? fftfftf fftft? I ^ F5f fftgfT
?° fftftld" WFT, "ftftWRTWft FT Tftft Flftf? Ffftn" T fttfftr
'ftftWTFF fftftFT' ftt FWTF, Dr Harka Gurung Lecture Series,
Kathmandu, f  ff ^0<H |
^ snftwft WTWft WRnftFT Wf? wftwrft7 Tftft WF FTTd
^oo\3 F ftRr TrcnFff WF ftftftf ft, rftt ftw ftfftftftF TWt
fttTFFFF FTWfW wft fftFUftt ftFft YK. ftftw TWT fftftr FpT
ft^ ftcTT FfttFTTf fftftW ft?wft ftfti ftWFft ftwiT R^Rb T
ftftftWTWTW Flf FF FfTT ftf FT" ft R^+ljd (?<P+i ftftlFT
ift FTffftTT ftft | FTTfft, +1 til OH-ft Tlftwf FRft TW ftwWfT
dFTffftt wftwf WFW FR Ff ^°f ^ ftt ftftw7" WTfTfft ftfti
Wrftft^J + TTI ftftw FRrfsFT Ff «fftFd + d flt^+l WW<p+l wft
W FfF Trfft ftffftfTTW ftft T fT^ FTWW ftt ^ffFTTWT FTWfW
Rfftf ftRr ^wTwft ftftt I ft ftftrwrrf ftftw: ftwrT TrftftfwFf
FlfF ftg" ftd" FFTTF ftw TTftftt fthfsSKI FTTft wftwft WT
ffttTWT ftTTFt ftftt I "Bill on inclusion has Madhesi bias", The Himalayan
Times, f«. ft^^ ^o<n | 1RT ftftftr ftwW ftftT W WdwCtW
Wft ftdftf, FTTRRT Wftr fttft?, -yv/e/*/ ?77ftf uRmI: gfff e?7fe"
ff^Wt e?; Tnft FftfftrfT, FT «. I
^ "ftftT WTTTFTT, ~iO<i.z,   (WTT/Wftfr WRIWTTT)"  TTrfft Fftf%W
"Inclusion bill mired in stiff opposition by secretaries", Republica, %. WdWt
T TTFRf "ftFF Ftdt ft?FR*T fff, TT TTFtt? "ftftF fRft
ftftftr t TftnfdfR ftft Rrr ff ftft fsf ft?¥ii*ft ft?
NO '
T?ftflFR "ftffRftfff fffffF? ft tftFRTT Tfft FTT*? ff I "
ff    TTFft    Ffftft    TTfTfTF?    "ftftfTft    TFf    fftgf |
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Ttftfftfsftf fftf, ff ffffTfTft FTftrRRRfft %f! FflfFfft
'        NO "N NO NO
Fffl   dHld*l *ftfl(ld-'ldl^ H<J-H<Mld Hldl^^*l Trff^-^ft
NO '
"Sift TTftf? T FTTfRtFTF? TFf "SflTF ffl ?v TTFff
FRTfR? TFT? fTFTFTtft TfFf, FTTTfft ftFT I Ffftft
fTfTFFTTd: TFf fft f!F, Tftftf T Ffff f?ftfF ftft FRTf
C NO "N
Tfft fftd ffl ?!< TffSTTdT fftft Tft?fTF? ffF ftfTFT RF
FRTft FT? FT, "STftflffF "FRF "frfft" ftftfT FRTf TfFF
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TfTffTTFf  ftfRF  fTd?  "Ffft  TRFfrfftf  fTfRsrf  fftfTF
^°1^;     "Brahmin, Chhetri listed as 'others'", The Kathmandu Post, %
wrftr ^o<n i o<+i(l +4di{l(?<? wnwr fftw Fftf ftw o+^f
WtftftT  5WT FW FTTRRT TTWt TWT wf Fftwft TrftwftwW
ND ->
ftftrww RftWf TTfftT WTFT ftftft FW I   -*I3R)<1 Flftft dRlT>ld
ND
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|^|
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ftftft TprT ftffttRRTTW Wft TtfftrTFf «.«. fttFT FTFTT W^TW
FftTFTW Wft ftrfftr ftRRTW |T WT=T^|
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WTW WTft fftf; T^rT^TWfT WW:  ^T|T-^ftfw^f ft|i|d+l fftf I   Ff
?,oo<\   T^f  T^TFWTF  ftt  FT|ftf  WTWFTT  ^qT  WTW^Fft   ?f
Tfft^FIWTT ftR ftftt I  TFTft fWTTF FrftrfttFFTT TrftfttFf TftRffftw
s.% i ^rfftsiw ft fftftf (wrft t|w wtwtwtt FftwftT Rtf Tftftr
YO iftft^W Taj) T irftwrft TftftftF WFFTW ftwftt FftFfft
ftW, Flfft Fftwft 1W WTWTFft fft 1 ^ WtFT FT ftftftw
Wi I F?F WFtT, "Ethnic Politics and the Building of an Inclusive State" in
Nepal in Transition: Trom People s War to Tragile Peace (TRW", ^ O f ^ )j
T. fY3l WTWFTTW Ffft 3TWF "ftftr WWFTT, ^,o^
(WT/ Wftft WTWFTT >", FTfft FftRW T "Dalits and Labour in Nepal:
Discrimination and Forced Labour", International Labour Organization, 'ROO'i,
FcrRtwftrTTw ffl
WFT?RRr Fftft FWftf, T^FFst WTTft ^o<H |
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FTfRfftf TRRF RrR) I FT? fffSTRT FTRff^f flff TFTF?
FTfffffF *ftfl(ld-'Nld Ffff FFFf' I ?5
M ftfftrRT f/fRrffTfT fff fTffrff ffffTcff "SfTTF
FdTTTfft ffff ftTT Tfft Fftffft TFdft FfTfftFTTFT
Tfftfft TfR fft ff, ftff fffT TRTF? ffRFffftF fTRRT FTf
T NO NO
fftfl fftfftf TTF T fftFRTfTTF "ftftRrffff Fffff
TfTffTF? ffTF Ffff ftfftf Ffft W TT ffTF Fftft
fffftf Tfftfftfsftf ff? F Fft FRTTfft Fffff? fft f?FT I
no no        ' no no no' ---v
ftft? FtdTfF FWT fft Fffftffr*? TTfSfTf ftft TfFff, fft
TfRTFT FfdTfF Tflft? "FTF TfFff fft "tf I "FfftffFTfF!
FfSR ffTff fft fflffffft ffffTfF Rfff F FtdT T
FffTFFF*? "FFSRfR Tftrft fffRf fftf fff | ^
V.    ^RyM^I+l Z\\^\M ^£\ gHI
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fffRf flftl
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ftft ?ftffS! ftl ^ ft? ffft ffft FfFTFf FT, FsffFff
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fft Hldl*l fSff Tfff ftfTfTcft ftft F5FFFT FFf
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R\3  ftf TfRT ffftffffft ffftsfTf fTftftf F? fft RRfff fftft
NO CN
ffft TfTf ffftf ft*lddl fft ftftff ftf*? HBffftfl FTFT fftfl
NO NO NO & CN ' '
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fft fftFTT Tfft ftft TTTfF ffftsfRTF fft?SRT F ffd F? FFfF
NO NO NO
fftftf TT ftft? ffft ffftf I ftft? FfffFt ft%F ft? ff T "Ffft
fRrffTFrftjff fftfffTfT STfTFTfft ftftffF T^fTfTfRTFTFf ffft
TRFFF fftft? I fftfTF? FffF ft? Fff: iNdlfd* fftff ffR!
CN NO
3TFTFTF? ffsf*R ftfFRT FRRFT ?ftf I v°
fFRTTf Fift fftfti ftft? FfFTfTTftftftsTTTTFF?TfTf ffTfft
FTFf tftfTSTF F<fft FFf, fftft Tf? fffSff Ffftf fft
ff ft ffffTF ffftf fft FTftt fsTftl fftffTF? TFF Ff?
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FFFf? I fT Tf TFTTF? Fffft TTRffft Wi F^T FFT
TftfTRTTftf Fff|v'1
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ffSTfdlffft FfftdTF Ffftf fft T fftF ffftfTFF Ff? TRT
FRTTfft Ff fTF? tftftl    TRffft Ff ftft   l^dlfRI   Fft
55 FTTRRT  FTftrr   WWftf, Fftftf Tfftrf^r  TTWT, wwrrft   wwft
ND
^o<H|
^ ftftwTFFW fT FTT WTftftf wpftf Ft, "FTW wft ftftfTTtftr
RreFWf Fft W Tft Tft ftftFT FR FWft7 fffFf FFift wf
TFFTlft TgjWFT Tftftf | -    ^fwRrt wftrr FWftftf , TTftft T Tftftf
Tfftlfw FFWW7, TWrft TWfftwrft tt;o f ^ |
^ FTTRRT TTFTF FWftf, Fftftf TWlfWT, WITTWff, +l6*Tl^t ftftWT
ND
^ TTtftfft sM ftrwft TrffwTWFftt TTwrrft Fwrwf w^
ftftwrft TFwwrrf ftftF f^ ftftfft ^ttw Fftw fftfl  twt
^fftrFFTftft ftftftwft ftfftwTFFff FftftWTT TRft wftftt FFFF
fftftf W7 ftw fWTftRRT dfftftt Fftftf T Tf ftTW7 FF "5TTF
Ff I "Morcha calls for statute with federalism, identity", The Kathmandu
Post, f   ftftT TT70<n |
V° FTTRRT TTtfttt FWftftf, ftftFdfftWf, Fft T ft T o ^ ^ |   ^
ND ->
ftftTTT ftftrfftr TFW WTW Fft TFFFf FTTftf Fft WTftr
TTftlTfTd: WTTFftTW ftfftt ftft TgjJ vt|M+|{|tTI Ffft fftfti
^FWTW Wfft, ftfftf fTT "FTFT, "Judges, top leaders meet to iron out
differences", Republica, ^ FTft ^of^ | WTWTftrW T TWffttfftWf
ftftw: TTTftfTfttwftTft FTTWft W WdTfttW wfft ftrfftf ^fwRrt
TTFT ftfftgr, ^V/e/*/ ?77/ft yR>W: gfff e?fe~ $fts/l>#] e% TTrfft
FftfftF, T. f Y I ftftT ^off F WTW TFTFt ^,000
TTftfttWWf ftrftt ftdTF Flf FTTd: ftwf I TTT FF FFTTF TFTTT
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^Of^ ttt FFft ftwTTWf FWfttl "SC quashes writ on Madhesis'
hiring", The Kathmandu Post,  13  ftftr ^Of^|
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^ T3";     "Parties agree on unity govt under Bhattarai", The Kathmandu Post, ~i.
ft TT70<n;   ^ 3fwffRT FFTF FWfttftf, TTWTrft ftTT-ff ~iO<\~i \
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~iC Trft TT;o<n |   TTf^ QTFfWFr FTTftrFTW ftftT ftfftf WT ^ I
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VV WWT  WFT  T  WFTft  W,   "Finally, deal on  11  states, mixed
governance model", The Kathmandu Post,  f %. ft T° T ^ I
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FTfft FftftTdWf fft fftwft TFT Tftftt FW I "Identity, mobilisation
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Iff TRfftft fRff I
NO NO
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TffTfft ff fft TTdffTFF*f Tff fft ffftTfl TfftsrTTTFfft
FT:fTTTTft Tf FRfRTft FC Tfff | fT fTft fftftdTRT ftft
fftft TTffTff fftft tftfF fft fffRf ff ffffft ff, fffT
fffft fftftf ffT fft TTdf ?ftft ff Ff TTFR fTTfft T ?ftffft
ff? ftf fft ff fft fTF? ftft? Ff Tfftft T fTfd" fft F^ff
NO
fftTf I FT? TTfffffF Tfft ?ftTT?f FRfTf, FTTTd"
TTdffTftffF? Ffff ffffrf*? ftf%f?| -ftftsrRTTFfrffTFT
ffffFTfft FTf FFf FFFT FfFff, fT "ft TTdffF Tf
Ffff Tffffft FTR ftRJfftftfl    "ftftsfRTfF*? Tf:TfTTTT*f
NO -N NO
Fdff TTdffF ftft Tffd? TffftT TTFR fdTfft FfRfft
TTRftff,l
ffftsfRTfTTF? ftftf ftf? fff FFTTlffF FRF ftftf
ftffff ftf? fffffftF F5FSRTTF ff ff TFf ftfifttffft
fftfFf ftfFTTTfTfFf^ftTfl ffSfft frftffftf-fSRTf JliFSIdd
ffff dXdlP'l* f|U|dlpT>l* ftlff*! ftff J|R<H**i ffl ffft
F f FT? ffftsfTTTF*? fff f ffffft fftftftf ftftsflfftF
Ffffff FFfPfR? TTlft "ftftsfRTfffFf W:TfTFF*T ffft Ff
"fRft? | Fff F^ Fft ftft FRTFT ffft "ffft? ff fft -ftr, TT
FRf TfftsTf fftfFf fftftfff ftfTf TTTFtff T ftt TTffTfft
cW%fi*| tftsftf fft TfTf fft TFf fftgf I
ftfTft? FTfftf fdFftft*? ffffRRTft? fRRFF Fftfft ff T Tf
TFFSRRf ^ftT fff FFF? Ff fTft Ff ffl Fft
ffftsTRTFf FRFf "FRf TfftfTFT FSTRFf FRTTfft FFf
FTfftfFT TTFTTd ffftft TR*? fftft ff? I ffft Tf? Pftf df I
FTfftfft FF ftft?, TfffRTF FfRf fffFTTTfft "fflFf fTf
fTfffTff ftft ffft ffftft TTTFT ffffl Ff fff
TTdffTft "frfftt TfftfTff FTf fffFRftft ffffft Fff
FTRTFd TRI fRff fff T FT? TfftsTRTff FTFff ffft Rff
ftftf ffffft -pfRTTf TFf fft FFFff I FTfftfft FfftTRT
Rft fftff fftff fffft -ftftsfRTff TfTT fftft, fTft TRf Tft
T FT? fTfff ffft fftftFT fft f 8FRTT ff FFFf | fff fRf
fffTF FffF Flftf ?ftRFt TfTTff fftftffTff
TftfftRfffTF? ffftf ffff ffft fff ffftdf |
TfftfT fffrff ?ftfdlfR*? "ftftsTTTTF*? fftrffff FFFTF
ff fftff | f STffftffF T Ffft fSTftrfF fftf fff TfftsrTTF?
fft? tftfF Fffft fjftfff Ff fRrSTRTTFTTTf fftfffft f ¥PRT
fffi ffft fff Ffffft FTfftf TSTTFRft?*? TTftfffRTft ^ftF?
FRTf TT "ftftsTTFTR*? fffRf FR??fftf ftftsTTTTFRT TRfft
ff f fft ff ff fffftffff fftdft Tlfff Ffff fft ffftf
FRTFT ffft TfftsTTTTFff fftfFTFR? ft fTff FfR ffl
<H-fHRI FTf TTRTfff ffftsTTTTF fRTTTFff FffffR? fft
TTffTft FTf TTdfff TFffFft FTTFT fftrf I   ftfftsrTTTF
fftfdTfft fffT ftf7%R*lfTF flfffft? FFTTFf, ffftsflFRff
-ftTffRTftfF, RRTftFTfTfft-FRTfFTftTfffSrftlfFTTffTT
fffi SRfft TftTfTFT fffR ff? -ftftsTTTTF*? Tf:TfTTfff
ffffTft ffftfftV FTTFT TfF TftRFT fttftf? | Ffftff Tf
fff ff f ff?ftf ft| ?ffTTRF ftftfftflF? TFTfff Ff
fftFT ffft TfFFfft Tftff fRF, RwiRd T TRFff
fffFffl Ff fft f fftfTft TFfff TfFT TTffTff
ftfTF ?ftf "FRFR?' I TFTffTft TRftfRT ft fftff ffd
Tffft TRTTTTf TFFf I (TTfftfTfftft Ffft TflftfR fftftTT
TFf 3F) Ff fTRTft FffRTTfTTfTft TRfTFTff I F
TTdffF TfftsrRTff ffft Tftf TTRftRT fffi fTft Tf?
FfftTTfT? ftrfffd frfftft Ff ff t^ trt:ffrfftf TfftsTTTTFft
NO NO
ffftf ftftsfffFFRT ftft fTffTf FR? TRRffjf fft fftfT fft
FfffrffFfftTfl ffftsTTTff fffRf fft Rffftf Ff Fff
Fffftffft FR? fftTf I
NO CN NO '
fftfFT ftTTTTF? FFFftF FRFf FTTF? fffffftF? TRdftTF
Tffft T Tffff fft fRRfRF fff fftTf I ffft WT fft
TTFdTFd fftTTTF? fffff FT? TffT- fftf ffftft? fftrf I
?ftf?ff*T f ¥TSRfF Fffff -ffTTFfTTFRT TRF fft fftff
TTTTfftl TlRrfftF fffffft ff? fffSff ffff Tffrf
ffftsTTTTF*? fffftfTf ff FffF Ffl FfftF fF*f
ftsnfftFTTft TftffT TfffFT fft fff FTff T^t ffffft
FffF ff? I Tffffft ffff TfRR ffftff ffff fffft
TFfF ftft ft? TftftFTF^fF? ^41*d fTTFfF fftrf I Tfff:
?ftf?FT ft TffTTRFfTfFfTF Ffftff FR? I FffFFFfT
Tflffft fftftf fft FfR TTff fff fr fftf fftf Rfff T
fRTF TFF Tft*R? FffffftF FRtSTTT*f fRff ff? Ff
ffl
fftftfftf fftFRTF? fffftF FftfR ftft TTdffTF Fffftft ffl
ftfRT? FTfftf fffF? fff FTFf T fft TTfft TtftsTTTTF*?
•N NO NONO '
ftft fff fftRf ff? i f ftftrftffF fft ftffft fftftfftf fftff
TTFfF TFf ffftsfTTTF ft ffff T TffSTf fff TRfftjf Tff:
fTff fRFT ffFf Ffff I
TM ff W ff fft fftfTFT*? ftfff FTd? fR? ft Ff RFfft
Ff? ffl FT Roou, f ffftsTRTTTF*? Fff ff ff: fft
TfftfF T TTFfffftffTft ftfRffftF? ff? FTFf F? Tftff I
Ffftfft FTTF f fft Ff ff T FFRTfft F^ fffF ffftiff
fff | ff ^oou, f f" fRft FfftftF Sjftfrff fft ftf ftftf?
ffff fffftf fftfTFT fft ff, ff? ff fffff I
ffffffft? T ffffffftt ffftsTRTFT fffffttfTT FT TdF
TRftfftf, ffffft T fftfttfTFt ffft? T^fff F^? ftftft? "ftftT
fftFFTSffl  FTf TTfffTFT TTffTff fTf fdfftfF Tff I
 Jlldchl wRmW (1):  Wifa WfeW wfirW fiwiW
■*>I$R)<U WT tffiw ftwtc? ft   ???,   ?(9 3F7?cT ?o<j?
?o
ftfftt f, RFf ffF FSflfff ffft fffff ftfft fftff
TfR*ft Tfftfft ff | 3fft, TFfff FRF T TfffffTft fftdFf
FfftfF TTfTffft T TfdF fffff ftftfffftl fffTTTFftf
FRffTcftft ftft Tff T ffftff TFF! TFfff FfTfftffST T
Tff fffT Fff fffff, fft fftftf T fffffft TfftfTFf,
Fsfffft? T TTftfffffff, FSTffft? T fTffftftf f fftff T
fTTfTftff I FTf fftTT Ffft ffftRft fftff, ffttfftf T
fffrfftF? fffTffft? TfFSRTFT TcftF "ftftr TftfF F*ft fft
fRR ff I Fftffftt Fdf TfFF? ff T F*f fftft fftf ftft ffftf
ffl ft? >dd>dlP <Hff £** ftft tJ^Ri ft^Md, fft "ftt I ^ ffft
fffft ftft ffffffft? "ffffft fff fftf ffff F ff? ftff fft
NO NO NO '
ffft fftfTF? TFf ftf T Tfft*fTff fft FdTFT ffff I
ftflftffTft ftffRTff FSF TTTftT "ft ftd fftft ftfff "ftrf, Tff
fftRFT TR ffft fTFT TTfTfft Rfft FRf Tfftf ftf I fffffFT
ffft, fff T "ifftft "ft FTfftf T RRRTff ft ftf fftf?f Ff
-ftri c^ld >dd>dlR£ftri H^d^O ^fd^lfd dJ4k=IRdl^ f€t
ftd fltftflft ftft ffttfTft fffTFff FfT fftfT fftff F?ff
TF?fl "ftff fftfTF fft TFfF Flfftfft fft ff TTFTff, fT
fTft fffrfft FfRfR ff Fftftff", SRTfdfff R* fF
FTfftf ftTTft fft I ^
ff ffff ffffTft FffffftF FfFffF fft FFffFf
T?fft? TdF fff fft Tftff I fftfTft ffffffft? TfTffftfff
FfTfftfrsfTd FTff fftft fdf TfRft fff f ffft fTfff
fffFffffl $ftf|Aldl T Hfftl Id^lft) FT? Hldl^^d ffftf HMi^*l
"FFRTF FTF fft ffftTff I ff FSffFftf, fftftTffft ffftf
TFFf fftf (ftTRT) Ff fFTTF? ftff T FfTMF? Ffffd
ff ffFT ftftft fft FTTTF ff fffft ff I   Ff FTfT7.
ff fft TTRffRf fftTff I
?ftf?FT Fffftft FFRF? Ffff Tft TfTFT fff fftrf I FT?
FTfT ?ffTff ft fftfftdff fft Tfft ftft fTft ftft ffTf
FdTFT Tfftf? T TTFTTft Sf? srft? FT? fft FTfT-TfRTT fft
ff TfftTfftfRri  TT FT? FT*? TFfF ffft TFfff ffF fft
Ttftrrsr? fftf fftrf t fTF? fttf ftff fftrf fft -ftri
"ffFF*? Ffff f fTftf ffRff fftft, F Ff ffrffff fT
-ftr I   fTf ftfTfF Ff FFTR fffT fTffff ?ftfttf T F^
ftftfT ftft fff', FTfTfftF fftTfff RF fF Flfftf
FfFTFTfft FTTR | ^
ftftfT Ro<\ R ff fff ffft fffftf fft f Fftf Ro<\ 3 f
fft Ff fff Tfftf?,  TT TTff fftsilfi|*l*l  "fff TTRff
NO NO " CN
ff?l TT ft? fftff ffftff ffft ff ffff I ft Fdf FTTTFT
ffft TTR #RT I "FTfftf, RRR! Ftf? ffft ftftftsR*! ffTf
ffft TTR fftRFT," FTTffff RF fF fftrf ftfft fft I ^ ff
Rffff TRRffft -ftffft fff fftf? T  FfftF?  Srftff T
' no       C
?ftffRR? FFFff ffft fftR FTTF*? FTTFF Tffff ffft
CN NO NO
fRFRf fftfti TTdffTft FT? "ftftsTTTTF*? fff fft fftsf? ffff
FTTFF ftfftff TRRfF, TTdffF T fftftf Tfft ftftff
ffffTft ff Fftftft TFfff T ftftf TfF fffff Ff
FRftftFTfTft Ffftff FTFT Ff Rf fffffff ffTTFT
fff TfTFff I
NO '
fffTFf TFTfff Ff fft ff fft fft f STft Fff ffffffff
-pftcRf I ffff fft, fffffft Fff Ff "FfFf T TfF?
ffF FRTffffTftF fftFff I *lif lf}*l ffff <NftlR*4? T
PLHufl*d?^^*l y^dRd ftff TT*? FT ^11^ Ff fffft ff |
fff fffTff ffTTFTTft TF TTdftfTfft ?ftRFT FFTff "fFT"
TTfft fft ftftff, ffftsFf ftff F ffRRTT*? fffffff
flfftTTft fftft I TT Tftftff TR*? TFfF ftf? FTR ftft ftTTTT?
fffft FFft FFf f "FTTFT ffftrff I ftTTft? fFTTF? fftff T
ffFTfft ft TfRffff ftftf ftf*? ff I TTdffTft FTTFTTTFT
FFTTfTF ftft TTFf TTTTFTTft ff? I fftfTft ff FffRf
ftffftf f ff? fT "ftftsTf Ffftf fft fffTfft FRTSTf
FFRftf I FTffftf TfTft FT? "ftftsfRTTFTf fff fft f ^T T
?ftf¥PRT ft? fft TTffffftF TfFT TTffF, FRffFTfT7: Ff
fftftffffff fft -ff fRF? ff I %°
1.    ^HM dl*dlP*l* T (<^l^* <?M^l) %|^
ffffft f STF ffft fffft TftFTfT ffffffft fffffft Ffft
ffftftf ff fftf fftft TTTTftfft* Ffff fftft FFftRFf Tf f?
fft TFTRT fftf fff fff ft I  flftffftt, fftft? f fft Tftftf
NO T NO
fftftftf FlfRTRff FT? fTffft TTTfF Fl   FFTFT ffF
ftTFFTf    ffl      FffTfft    FffF    fftffdf    ffftsTTfffTFT
TTTfdfdfstTTft fRFT TT fflFR ftft ffftsTRTF ffffft ftf
fftfffft 3Rf ftft? ffff fftf ffffft ff? fft fRfft Wi I
FfffF W Ffff fft Ffft fftTfff fTTtft ff ^°°^ F
^ FTT Ffft^TWrftt W WdTTftw wfft ftfftf TTftftT TTfft ftftf,
•yv/e/*/ RtrtK JT W^ft <mJ/9# ftftfT wfft ^<ftft)d li»^^ ?,, 3.F
T Y.FI
clsTTftftT WTF FFftft,TTTTT ftr, TTWT,ff ^o<n |
^ Trftftr wftft wdftft, Twrft, fr ^>o<n i tt&ttt ww ff
TTTTF ftT TF TTftWTftfft ftft Tftf "FFft" ftftTT Tfftr ftftsftrR
fftrw ^f I
^wftftr WTF dRlftid FFftft,fFfft,ft ^>o<n |
^° W WdTftfw Wfft eS^XfT ?.Tg".^ |
 Jlldchl wRmW (1):  Wifa WfeW wfirW fiwiW
■*>I$R)<U WT tffiw ftwtc? ft   ???,   ?(9 3F7?cT ?o<j?
??
Ff ft fffftsftff fff (ff f fff fFf ftft ffrfft ff) I
Vsfft TfFT F* ff TTfTFfftt ftfft fft, "ffftf (FT Root
F) fTfft ffts" f flfftTFT ffft ftf fftR fft fft TfsffffttFt f 8FT
F  fftf^TRTI    Ffft   ft ffftfft   fTf  TfTftff ff flfft
TfftfTFf fdf fffff Tfftf ff fft |   ft fftff ft ftfTftrfftf
NONO ^ ' CN
TfRsf ff, FTFfTftffff Ff ffff | fffft ff Rf fl fff
fftT TTFTFf |'A<)
ftff? ffftfffftfff fftfRf TTTfffTft FFf ftftft
fffFRfTft TTfft TfTFT ffFff T FRFf ftffTff
fftfffft Tffff FFFff I fffTfFT ffft, Ffff Fff dFT
Tft fTft TftffF TTd FRTFft? TF ftftf frftffR fftRT Fff
ff Ffff I ftfff FftF FTFT FFfft TffT fff Ttftdft
fffSf Tft fffff ftft TRffRF fff, fT *liflft ftftftf
fftfFf T ftffTft Tft TffRfRT FRTF fffFTTF? FT F RfW
f ffff fffft fff f fftw f ff ff*? ffffffft FT f
ftfffR ft fft ffft TTdf Fff |
NO '     -N
fffTfFT ffft, fftfTFT ffftF FRfff: ffftf fffr fft
TfTfF ffffTTFt FfffdFf Ffft ffftff TfFf ffl fft
fTTRfftfftfft STfsfFRFT ff fffftfF ft Ff FfffTTff ffft
Ff ?ftft fft fftfTft fffft ff ftft fft TRff | -ffffftff
ffF Ffff f ff ff ffffF fffRfff ffft FTT fffT
fffRf TTRffft TTR TfF7? ftft fffi ftrff ftfF FRF ft
ffffF  ff  ff  FRf  f  fffrfft  -ffTffffffFf   STffFTf
C~n C~n NO
TTdfftf fTf Tff, Tffft fftfTF*? fftftf ff fft ftf%f | fdMd
FfT FffTff TftfF?, TT Tf:TFiftf -ftftsfRTTfRt fft fftdft
'ffftf fffTFT' TTfftTTFT fftf Ff? | ^
fffFTTFr TTTfTff ftf? fTfrfft* fftftff T RrftfFfTT fdM*l
fftfff fft g^rx fffr fft FFTSffl ff f ffftsTTTTF
FTRfTF Fft ffff FTFT fffftf? ffft ft FT? RtFFT ff? ftft
FTFT fftfftf FR? | ffftsTTTTF*? Rff Trft fTfTTfft TRFTTF
fRRf? fR fftft Ff ftf? ftftftrfftF TTfSTTffTT fff ffff
ffttSf ffT ffftsTTTTF*? F*ft Fff fft ffftff^ | fftftfffsft
*^*l fdl^fl RyPd <HRs|ld<TFft ft dXdlP'l* *lftRRdl^
fffftfff fff| fft1 -ftfttTRTffRt "pflft ftf FTftRffftft Tfff
fft FR?I fftffff Tftftft ^ ftft FTR ff ffftfffl
fffTfFT ffft, TTdffTft "FTTFFfftF TfdfdfsTTfFfftf ffftft
TrftffRTTFT ff TTfffFFFT FSTTTRT ffffftlft ffff TTfTFT
ffFFfl ff? FTfT fft fftfft TftfF FRTFffftFFf ftfftt
ftfft ff FftffR ffftft frf; fff ff ffffft ff fff
FTTfftl
n tisRw WTF FTftft,TWTft,fwf ^o<n I
^ TTftftT WTF FFftft, fftftFT, TTWFT, fwf ^o<n |
FTTF*?  ffRt Ff fff Flfftf T RRRf ffffF fffft
NO NO -V ' NO
FFfft* ftfff ft FTffftft ffffff | Tfft fffffff: fft
fRTffft?, fftff T ffffftfTF? fffff fft Tfdfft FfffF
fRfff I FfffTFf FffF ffffft ffffTft ftft ftft ffff TRf
TTRftf I "TFf FTfR T Tff ^ifft^ fft ffTR 4ftdd, ffrff
ft? fffftF ft', fftTf Fff RF fF fffffff FfSFrffft
fft I ^ ftf? Tftft^TFfTft fft FfffF W Tft Fff fft ft?
-ftftsfTTTF*? fffff Tfft FffF ffdRff TFfF ffftrft?
-ftftsTTTTFft ffff FTffTTTTf fffTFT ftftF? I
Fft  ftft ff FSffff fffffftfff: ffffft f sff ff^
tftffft ftfft 3ff fffft ffff ftfff FFf t ftrrfTTf ff
NO NO
ffff Tfftft FfffF ff?f I ^
^.    ^HM $M\?*\* g\$ T <SW^ mR«I<iH r*ll$d
FTTf*? RfFTF FfFRT Ff Fft FTfftf T RRRTff FRFf
ffl ft? Hldl*l <K*Ti?^ Fff ffF fTft fftRf HRuilf fftF?
Ff -ftr Fffftl %K fftft FT? -ftftsTTTTFF TTfSTRRrR ffffftf
Ff fft Fff ffSf| ftft ftfft ffft ft FffR T fftTTF
fftftTfft ffTFRFFf Ff Tffff fffttftft fft ftftf ft?*?
fff f ffftft TffTfTFf Fftftf fft ft | Sffftff ff RF ff
ftff fffffff ftfF? FTTf, "ftft "ftftsTTTTF*? fff FFfft ff
fft fft frfft*RF, fftfFTTRTF FFTft T FfT fftff
TTdffTft ftftf? fft fff fft ff? | FfffTft fTff*f fff
f ffffF fftf TFfft tff fft -ftr I "^
ff f Tfffffftf T?ft#T*fTft ftff FRff, TT ffft Tf? Fffftf
fftftRT Ffft Fff ff ff fff*? F*f fff I TffftsTTTTF
Rydd fFTRT FfrfftFT ftft fffTff ftfR?? FRTff fftft
Tfffrfftf fftfRf fRfft Tf eft? TFf fftl Ffftf fftftfT
FfFf ffTTF T Tfff fftfRT ffffTTF? TFfff ffff
TTfTffftfftTfl ft TfftsTRTF Fff FTTf TRf TWfTfffff Tft
FRffTft ?ftftf Ffft fffT fffft ftff ftft fffi fft fft
fft ff fftft FTf? ftf Flff ffff TTRTfT Tftfffl
FTTTFT ftf WT:  ftfftft  Fffftf ffTTff ffff ffffrfftF
fffff Rrrft f? ffftftft i   fft ftft t^tft  Fffft
TfffTff fftftfdft FFf FRTfflft Fft FFFTF? Fdft
^ TTftftT WTF FTftft,TTWTTF.ff ^o<n |
^"ftwft TW Tftf Trfftf FFFT Fff (ftTFT) ft Tf ^°°^ ffft" ft
TrTFWft  FFWFTTf  FW  T  ftrTFjftt  T=ft   FfTt  ^1    TTTTft
ftrftimftftft W Td+l{l+l Wft (?f[(?X TliRl'H FWft ftftff,  -yv/e/*/
#W (?), TTTfft FFffftr TFT ?."ET |
^ TTftft F%ft FTTFF TTft dfftw FRT Ff TTTW Tft fTW" ftft
Tg71  W ftFTFf TF fftwwf FTTF fftftft Tfw TTT TfF FTf!
'•^TTftftT TTFF Fdftft, TT^rft,ff ^of^ |
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■*>I$R)<U WT tffiw ftwtc? ft   ???,   ?(9 3F7?cT ?o<j?
??
fTft fft fftTf Ff fftF FfT FFf FRffF ffftf
TfftTffl   (R<HI*i ^diNlft TT fft TFf 3F JlRifti ff) I
FTfftf, Rfft T FTffffTFT TfRF FRRTFT ftftfft TRR!
fftFRTFl Rftfd Tftffsff TfTFTfT fffft F^ FdftfTff Ff
TtfttFf T ffftsTRTF  FffF FffSf fftftf fff fffft
NO
fT*Rft ff*f fftftf  STTTSflfft* tftftl   FFRft FRRTTff
NO
dR*ld fff ffffff ffft fffft ffftsTRTF fFSf fft fftf |
NO NO
fftft fffff ftrff ftff ff: ftrfft-TRf^^rft stf? ^o<f ffrftff
TFff FT Ff Sff ft ffftft? fftTf I %[s
ftftFT fft TTFT TftfF Tftffft? ftfftsrTTTFft ftfft fftffRTf
f^TfF FFTTffftff fftff Fffftl fftffTF? FffF Ff ffft
Ffft Ffff! fft fqf ffftftff FFR Tff f^ w
ffftsTTTTF*? Tf:fTTf ffr f fftsnfft* Ffft fff Trftf
fFRRff RidifRI f^fdft ftftsff fff Tft ff? | fff ttRttj
fffftf fft TRfft •ffftr TF fffSff ftff TfftfTF? Ff fftrf
T TTdffTft fftftftf TTftft fffttftrft fftf "fTFT fTTFF
Sff fftf ffftrffl
fft fff fft Tffft fff RfR fftff; ftfft? fTf fftTFff
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FTiftrifftftTdftT, +l6*Tl^t FRd" ^o<n | TRTW Ttft Fffftf "Draft of
agreement among parties", The Kathmandu Post, f $ ft T° 1 ^ I
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' NO ' ^ NO
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NO
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FftfftFI
1^ W^ ^oo% ttt TTTTTTT FTT "TTTftft TTTTTW TdTwft
ftfftWTWTff ftftr ftrft TRFT FfftfftTFST ftftfTTtftr TTTTT TTFft
ftdTft ftftftnTfftt Fftw di|RH+i Tffft ftt I "ftdFTTf TTTftftr
fftTTT TFF, WWpWWtl'W ffft ?,oo% | FW ftdTftft TdTTT TTT
Wfft ftftwftft ftdTft ftftftfTUft W WdTfttW wfft ftdftf TTftftT
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Tftftf T^fWWf ftdTW Tdf ftlftuftff fftftfT TTTft TTdT TWTT ft I
"NA already inclusive enough: Army chief, The Kathmandu Post, X WTf
^ O f f; "Army unhappy about decision", The Kathmandu Post, R R fsftTF
^Off |
1^V TTftftT FFTF FTftft, ftrftt ftdTW FFFFTTF fttf ftftwr,
ND ^
TWTftf, ff ~iO<\~i | ftftftf W fTW, "ftr TTFTFF TTWT WWF',
*/PrfV<, Y ft ~iO<\~i |
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"CoAS tells House panel of need to re-do 'obsolete' Army structure", The
Kathmandu Post, ^O   ftrftr  ~<OY< I   fftdFfft TF TTT fPfl fftf
TTffTT FT TT dftTR ftft ftft UTW^I    WT FFWft T|wft
FRlfftTRW Wfft |ft TftwTTf UWF FFt fftft I   "Army restructuring",
Republica, f O ft ~iO<\~i \
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no -n '
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NO NO C
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TTRRT I
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fft FfffRff ftftrfft ff| ff fffT fFf TTF T
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flfftf?l TTf fftfr-fftff fdfff fFf TTfTft fffffftf
TTffTFf fFF ffftf Fftft Ffff Sfff fFRfftf T fftsffft*
TffTff fdfftt fftff STTFff fft ffff| fffff,
fffffftffTft ftft ft fffff fft ftfTFt fffffff TftftfRfff
ffSff 3RFFR? fftTf T fTft FT?FTfff TffRrfft ffftfft
fff fft fftf? |
ffff FFftfftf ff ffff Fsfffft? TTfTFfTF? ftftfft "ftf
fff TTTTTftTF ftTTft? ftfft fFRRRF fffff ff TfTRfft
ftfff? I ^° Tft Fffft fffTFt fftftff ffftftF? I  TTdftfTft
ff ftft ffTR -frfft tRfftfr fr? f? frftrff w^ ff
1^ TTftftT TTFF FTftftf, ftrftt ftdTW FFFFTTF fttf ftftwr,
ND ^
TTSTTrft, ff ^o<n I m fFR, "ftT TTFTFF T TWT WFTF," Tftft
FFffftr, TFT Y.TT I
1WFF Rfftft TWTWWF Ffftftft c, ft ~iO<\~i ttt fttft fftft I  "SAC
shelves Army restructuring plan", The Kathmandu Post, % ft T° 1 ^ I
l^s TTftftT TTftft WFftft, FFFFTTF fttf "ftftftr ftftwr,TTWTftf,
ND O
FT ^of^|
1^ FTT ftdTftft TTffft TTWTff FTTFTFF TTT fT TT^dlfi fftr
ftTTftft ftrftt ^dlfi ftFT TRT FIMlf ^WFtRUI Tft | "Gen Gurung
hands over responsibility to Rana",  The Kathmandu Post,   f O   FFT
i?° Trftftr tttf wrftft, wwrift FFd" ^of^ i
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■*>I$R)<U WT tffiw ftwtc? ft   ???,   ?(9 3F7?cT ?o<j?
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NO NO
ftfTf*? fTTrfftfF fftfftsRTTF? ffrfff ftftfrfftf fftfft fff
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Fffl^
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ftTRT*t "flfftt TfftflF FTTfft F^ Ffffftf TTffTF? TFf
fRTFT fftfTF ?ftft Fdf fRF? ff I fRf ftftff fff ff
ff ft, ffft ?ftftfff fffft ff ffffftf ffffl fttffft
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ftt%f ffftfrf ff| fffT ff TTfftfftF fftftff*? FT fft fff
FRTfFT ffff? ^off f ffftff, ftftft ffftt fffffftf
FfffRRFSff RiFfft fft fR ffft fTff frRffft fTTfTf*?
Tfl
1 ?1 FRtfftTR TTTTFT FTW FFFff ^ftftfw fttT W TTTfttW
Wft ffftf FftTTT ftftwft, 'ftTTftTftft f^FF T TTfft", */PdV<,
f f FFd" ^ O f ^ f FTFF fT, "Reform agenda", The Kathmandu Post, C
FFd" ~<o<\'i |
ff TT ffftsTTTTF*? Ff fft ftffft FfFf fffff ftfffft
NO NO CN *
fftRf, ftftft TTTxftT TfTFTTF? Rff ffTTTft FT? 'ftftfFFf
ftf fft ff fff fft ffff ffftf TFRF? ?ftf? I fTTTfrfft
TtftsTTTTF Tfftr fft fftfftr Fffftf Ff Fft fftfttl
FrffRTTfT?fTF FTfftf T Rfftft ftfRff ffffft, Ffft
Hldldl^ "6*\HM\ TRf Ffft ^ft|^^*| *fftR| TtRTFT*TTTF
FftfTF? dfffR? Tfftfft Tf? ft fff ff ftffF FT*?
fftftfl c^In) <Tf|ildiyP ftftt fRrftf HM£<ftl ^IdfRd ftft
fff ffft fftftfl
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f £<\%A\£ R* =l<Rf^ ffftft fftf" FRf? FT fftft ffft <H=R ftl A|
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ND
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ND
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equal rights of others: Report", Republica, \ \ FFT ^ O f ^; "Elites find it
difficult to let go uni-culturalism: Report", Republica, \ f FRd"
^ O f ^; "Pressure from 'hill elites' halts DfID exclusion report", Republica,
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Exclusion in Nepal - Summary", DFID/World Bank, 2006.
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Foundation, Henry Luce Foundation, William & Flora Hewlett
Foundation, Humanity United, Hunt Alternatives Fund, John D. &
Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Open Society Institute,
Ploughshares Fund, Rockefeller Brothers Fund and VIVA Trust.
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Central Asia
Tajikistan: On the Road to Failure, Asia
Report N°162, 12 February 2009.
Women and Radicalisation in Kyrgyzstan,
Asia Report N°176, 3 September 2009.
Central Asia: Islamists in Prison, Asia
Briefing N°97, 15 December 2009.
Central Asia: Migrants and the Economic
Crisis, Asia Report N°183, 5 January
2010.
Kyrgyzstan: A Hollow Regime Collapses,
Asia Briefing N°102, 27 April 2010.
The Pogroms in Kyrgyzstan,Asia Report
N°193, 23 August 2010.
Central Asia: Decay and Decline, Asia
Report N°201, 3 February 2011.
Tajikistan: The Changing Insurgent
Threats, Asia Report N°205, 24 May
2011.
Kyrgyzstan: Widening Ethnic Divisions in
the South, Asia Report N°222, 29 March
2012.
North East Asia
North Korea s Missile Launch: The Risks
of Overreaction, Asia Briefing N°91,
31 March 2009.
China s Growing Role in UN Peacekeeping, Asia Report N°166, 17 April
2009 (also available in Chinese).
North Korea s Chemical and Biological
Weapons Programs, Asia Report N°167,
18 June 2009.
North Korea s Nuclear and Missile Programs, Asia Report N°168, 18 June
2009.
North Korea: Getting Back to Talks, Asia
Report N°169, 18 June 2009.
China s Myanmar Dilemma, Asia Report
N°177, 14 September 2009 (also available in Chinese).
Shades of Red: China s Debate over North
Korea, Asia Report N°179, 2 November
2009 (also available in Chinese).
The Iran Nuclear Issue: The View from
Beijing, Asia Briefing N°100, 17 February 2010 (also available in Chinese).
North Korea under Tightening Sanctions,
Asia Briefing N°101, 15 March 2010.
China s Myanmar Strategy: Elections,
Ethnic Politics and Economics, Asia
Briefing N°112, 21 September 2010
(also available in Chinese).
North Korea: The Risks of War in the
Yellow Sea, Asia Report N°198, 23
December 2010.
China and Inter-Korean Clashes in the
Yellow Sea, Asia Report N°200, 27
January 2011 (also available in Chinese).
Strangers at Home: North Koreans in the
South, Asia Report N°208, 14July2011
(also available in Korean).
South Korea: The Shifting Sands of
Security Policy, Asia Briefing N°130, 1
December 2011.
Stirring up the South China Sea (I), Asia
Report N°223, 23 April 2012 (also
available in Chinese).
Stirring up the South China Sea (IT):
Regional Responses, Asia Report N°229,
24 July 2012.
North Korean Succession and the Risks of
Instability, Asia Report N°230, 25 July
2012.
South Asia
Nepal s Faltering Peace Process, Asia
Report N°163, 19 February 2009(also
available in Nepali).
Afghanistan: New U.S. Administration,
New Directions, Asia Briefing N°89,
13 March 2009.
Pakistan: The Militant Jihadi Challenge,
Asia Report N°164, 13 March 2009.
Development Assistance and Conflict in Sri
Lanka: Lessons from the Eastern Province, Asia Report N°165, 16 April 2009.
Pakistan s IDP Crisis: Challenges and
Opportunities, Asia Briefing N°93, 3
June 2009.
Afghanistan s Election Challenges, Asia
Report N°171, 24 June 2009.
Sri Lanka s Judiciary: Politicised Courts,
Compromised Rights, Asia Report
N°172, 30 June 2009.
Nepal s Future: In Whose Hands?, Asia
Report N°173, 13 August 2009 (also
available in Nepali).
Afghanistan: What Now for Refugees?,
Asia Report N°175, 31 August 2009.
Pakistan: Countering Militancy in FATA,
Asia Report N°178, 21 October 2009.
Afghanistan: Elections and the Crisis of
Governance, Asia Briefing N°96, 25
November 2009.
Bangladesh: Getting Police Reform on
Track, Asia Report N°182, 11 December
2009.
Sri Lanka: A Bitter Peace, Asia Briefing
N°99, 11 January2010.
Nepal: Peace and Justice, Asia Report
N°184, 14 January 2010.
Reforming Pakistan s Civil Service, Asia
Report N°185, 16 February 2010.
The Sri Lankan Tamil Diaspora after the
LTTE, Asia Report N°186, 23 February
2010.
The Threat from Jamaat-ulMujahideen
Bangladesh, Asia Report N°187, 1
March 2010.
A Force in Fragments: Reconstituting the
Afghan National Army, Asia Report
N°190, 12 May 2010.
War Crimes in Sri Lanka,Asia Report
N°191, 17 May 2010.
Steps Towards Peace: Putting Kashmiris
First, Asia Briefing N°106, 3 June 2010.
Pakistan: The Worsening IDP Crisis, Asia
Briefing N°lll, 16 September 2010.
Nepal s Political Rites of Passage, Asia
Report N°194, 29 September 2010 (also
available in Nepali).
Reforming Afghanistan s Broken Judiciary,
Asia Report N°195, 17 November 2010.
Afghanistan: Exit vs Engagement, Asia
Briefing N°115, 28 November 2010.
Reforming Pakistan s Criminal Justice
System, Asia Report N°196, 6 December
2010.
Nepal: Identity Politics and Federalism,
Asia Report N°199, 13 January
2011(also available in Nepali).
Afghanistan s Elections Stalemate, Asia
Briefing N°117, 23 February 2011.
Reforming Pakistan s Electoral System,
Asia Report N°203, 30 March 2011.
Nepal s Fitful Peace Process, Asia Briefing
N°120, 7 April 2011 (also available in
Nepali).
India and Sri Lanka after the LTTE, Asia
Report N°206, 23June 2011.
The Insurgency in Afghanistan s Heartland, Asia Report N°207, 27June 2011.
 JiMchl wfwmw (Ik mftr wtww 4>fi)& Rchiu
■*l$Rm WT iffiw /Tftf" W.   ?33,  ?0 VWFcT ?o<j?
3$
Reconciliation in Sri Lanka: Harder Than
Ever, Asia Report N°209, 18 July 2011.
Aid and Conflict in Afghanistan, Asia
Report N°210, 4 August 2011.
Nepal: From Two Armies to One, Asia
Report N°211, 18 August 2011 (also
available in Nepali).
Reforming Pakistan s Prison System, Asia
ReportN°212, 12 October 2011.
Islamic Parties in Pakistan, Asia Report
N°216, 12 December 2011.
Nepal s Peace Process: The Endgame
Nears, Asia Briefing N°131, 13
December 2011 (also available in
Nepali).
Sri Lanka: Women s Insecurity in the North
and East, Asia Report N°217, 20
December 2011.
Sri Lanka s North I: The Denial of
Minority Rights, Asia Report N°219, 16
March 2012.
Sri Lanka s North II: Rebuilding under the
Military, Asia Report N°220, 16 March
2012.
Talking About Talks: Toward a Political
Settlement in Afghanistan, Asia Report
N°221, 26 March 2012.
Pakistan s Relations with India: Beyond
Kashmir?, Asia Report N°224, 3 May
2012.
Bangladesh: Back to the Future, Asia
Report N°226, 13 June 2012.
Aid and Conflict in Pakistan, Asia Report
N°227, 27 June 2012.
Election Reform in Pakistan, Asia Briefing
N°137, 16 August 2012.
South East Asia
Local Election Disputes in Indonesia: The
Case of North Maluku, Asia Briefing
N°86, 22 January 2009.
Timor-Leste: No Time for Complacency,
Asia Briefing N°87, 9 February 2009.
The Philippines: Running in Place in
Mindanao, Asia Briefing N°88, 16
February 2009.
Indonesia: Deep Distrust in Aceh as
Elections Approach, Asia Briefing N°90,
23 March 2009.
Indonesia: Radicalisation ofthe   Palem-
bang Group f, Asia Briefing N°92, 20
May 2009.
Recruiting Militants in Southern Thailand,
Asia Report N°170, 22 June 2009 (also
available in Thai).
Indonesia: The Hotel Bombings, Asia
Briefing N°94, 24 July 2009 (also available in Indonesian).
Myanmar: Towards the Elections, Asia
Report N°174, 20 August 2009.
Indonesia: Noordin Top s Support Base,
Asia Briefing N°95, 27 August 2009.
Handing Back Responsibility to Timor-
Leste s Police, Asia Report N°180, 3
December 2009.
Southern Thailand: Moving towards Political Solutions?, Asia Report N°181, 8
December 2009 (also available in Thai).
The Philippines: After the Maguindanao
Massacre, Asia Briefing N°98, 21
December 2009.
Radicalisation and Dialogue in Papua,Asia
Report N°188, 11 March 2010 (also
available in Indonesian).
Indonesia: Jihadi Surprise in Aceh,Asia
Report N°189, 20 April 2010.
Philippines: Pre-election Tensions in
Central Mindanao, Asia Briefing N°103,
4 May 2010.
Timor-Leste: Oecusse and the Indonesian
Border, Asia Briefing N°104, 20 May
2010.
The Myanmar Elections, Asia Briefing
N°105, 27 May 2010 (also available in
Chinese).
Bridging Thailand s Deep Divide, Asia
Report N°192, 5 July 2010 (also
available in Thai).
Indonesia: The Dark Side of
Jama ahAnsharutTauhid (JAT),Asia
Briefing N°107, 6 July 2010.
Indonesia: The Deepening Impasse in
Papua,Asia Briefing N°108, 3 August
2010.
Illicit Arms in Indonesia, Asia Briefing
N°109, 6 September 2010.
Managing Land Conflict in Timor-Leste,
Asia Briefing N°l 10, 9 September 2010.
Stalemate in Southern Thailand, Asia
Briefing N°l 13, 3 November 2010 (also
available in Thai).
Indonesia:   Christianisationf and
Intolerance, Asia Briefing N°l 14, 24
November 2010.
Indonesia: Preventing Violence in Local
Elections, Asia Report N°197, 8
December 2010 (also available in
Indonesian).
Timor-Leste: Time for the UN to Step Back,
Asia Briefing N°l 16, 15 December
2010.
The Communist Insurgency in the
Philippines: Tactics and Talks, Asia
Report N°202, 14 February 2011.
Myanmar s Post-Election Landscape, Asia
Briefing N°l 18, 7 March 2011 (also
available in Chinese and Burmese).
The Philippines: Back to the Table, Warily,
in Mindanao, Asia Briefing N°l 19, 24
March 2011.
Thailand: The Calm Before Another
Storm?, Asia Briefing N°121, 11 April
2011 (also available in Chinese and
Thai).
Timor-Leste: Reconciliation andReturn
from Indonesia, Asia Briefing N°122,
18April 2011 (also available in
Indonesian).
Indonesian Jihadism: Small Groups, Big
Plans, Asia Report N°204, 19 April 2011
(also available in Chinese).
Indonesia: Gam vs Gam in the Aceh
Elections, Asia Briefing N°123, 15 June
2011.
Indonesia: Debate over a New Intelligence
Bill, Asia Briefing N° 124, 12 July 2011.
The Philippines: A New Strategy for Peace
in Mindanao?, Asia Briefing N°125, 3
August 2011.
Indonesia: Hope and Hard Reality in
Papua, Asia Briefing N°126, 22 August
2011.
Myanmar: Major Reform Underway, Asia
Briefing N°127, 22 September 2011
(also available in Burmese and Chinese).
Indonesia: Trouble Again in Ambon, Asia
Briefing N°128, 4 October 2011.
Timor-Leste s Veterans: An Unfinished
Struggle ?,Asia Briefing N° 129, 18
November 2011.
The Philippines:Indigenous Rights and the
MILF Peace Process, Asia Report
N°213, 22 November 2011.
Myanmar: A New Peace Initiative, Asia
Report N°214, 30 November 2011 (also
available in Burmese and Chinese).
Waging Peace: ASEAN and the Thai-
Cambodian Border Conflict, Asia Report
N°215, 6 December 2011 (also available
in Chinese).
Indonesia: From Vigilantism to Terrorism
in Cirebon, Asia Briefing N°132, 26
January 2012.
Indonesia: Cautious Calm in Ambon, Asia
Briefing N°133, 13 February 2012.
Indonesia: The Deadly Cost of Poor
Policing, Asia Report N°218, 16
February 2012.
Timor-Leste s Elections: Leaving Behind a
Violent Past?, Asia Briefing N°134, 21
February 2012.
Indonesia: Averting Election Violence in
Aceh, Asia Briefing N°135, 29 February
2012.
Reform in Myanmar: One Year On, Asia
Briefing N°136, 11 April 2012 (also
available in Burmese).
The Philippines: Local Politics in the Sulu
Archipelago and the Peace Process,
Asia Report N°225, 15 May 2012.
How Indonesian Extremists Regroup, Asia
Report N°228, 16 July 2012.
Myanmar: The Politics of Economic
Reform, Asia Report N°231, 27 July
2012.
Indonesia: Dynamics of Violence in Papua,
Asia Report N°232, 9 August 2012.
 JiMchl wfwmw (Ik mftr wtww 4>fi)& Rchiu
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30
CHAIR
Thomas R Pickering
Former U.S. Undersecretary of State;
Ambassador to the UN, Russia, India, Israel,
Jordan, El Salvador and Nigeria
PRESIDENT & CEO
Louise Arbour
Former UN High Commissioner for Human
Rights and Chief Prosecutor for the International
Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia
and Rwanda
VICE-CHAIRS
Ayo Obe
Legal Practitioner, Lagos, Nigeria
Ghassan Salame
Dean, Paris School of International Affairs,
Sciences Po
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
Morton Abramowitz
Former U.S. Assistant Secretary of State
and Ambassador to Turkey
Cheryl Carolus
Former South African High Commissioner to
the UK and Secretary General of the ANC
Maria LivanosCattaui
Former Secretary-General ofthe International
Chamber of Commerce
Yoichi Funabashi
Chairman ofthe Rebuild Japan Initiative; Former
Editor-in-Chief, The Asahi Shimbun
Frank Giustra
President & CEO, Fiore Financial Corporation
Lord (Mark) Malloch-Brown
Former UN Deputy Secretary-General and
Administrator ofthe United Nations Development
Programme (UNDP)
MoisesNaim
Senior Associate, International Economics
Program, Carnegie Endowment for International
Peace; Former Editor in Chief, Foreign Policy
George Soros
Chairman, Open Society Institute
ParStenback
Former Foreign Minister of Finland
OTHER BOARD MEMBERS
Nahum Barnea
Chief Columnist for YediothAhronoth, Israel
Samuel Berger
Chair, Albright Stonebridge Group LLC;
Former U.S. National Security Adviser
Emma Bonino
Vice President ofthe Italian Senate; Former
Minister of International Trade and European
Affairs of Italy and European Commissioner
for Humanitarian Aid
MichelineCalmy-Rey
Former President of the Swiss Confederation and
Foreign Affairs Minister
Wesley Clark
Former NATO Supreme Allied Commander
Sheila Coronel
Toni Stabile Professor of Practice in Investigative
Journalism; Director, Toni Stabile Center for Investigative Journalism, Columbia University, U.S.
Mark Eyskens
Former Prime Minister of Belgium
Nabil Fahmy
Former Ambassador of Egypt to the U.S. and
Japan; Founding Dean, School of Public Affairs,
American University in Cairo
Joshua Fink
CEO & Chief Investment Officer, Enso Capital
Management LLC
Joschka Fischer
Former Foreign Minister of Germany
LykkeFriis
Former Climate & Energy Minister and
Minister of Gender Equality of Denmark; Former
Prorector at the University of Copenhagen
Jean-Marie Guehenno
Arnold Saltzman Professor of War and Peace
Studies, Columbia University; Former UN Under-
Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations
Carla Hills
Former U.S. Secretary of Housing and U.S.
Trade Representative
Lena Hjelm-Wallen
Former Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign
Minister of Sweden
Mo Ibrahim
Founder and Chair, Mo Ibrahim Foundation;
Founder, Celtel International
Igor Ivanov
Former Foreign Minister ofthe Russian
Federation
Asma Jahangir
President of the Supreme Court Bar Association
of Pakistan, Former UN Special Rapporteur on
the Freedom of Religion or Belief
WadahKhanfar
Co-Founder, Al Sharq Forum; Former Director
General, Al Jazeera Network
WimKok
Former Prime Minister ofthe Netherlands
Ricardo Lagos
Former President of Chile
Joanne Leedom-Ackerman
Former International Secretary of PEN
International; Novelist and journalist, U.S.
Lalit Mansingh
Former Foreign Secretary of India, Ambassador
to the U.S. and High Commissioner to the UK
Benjamin Mkapa
Former President of Tanzania
Laurence Parisot
President, French Business Confederation
(MEDEF)
KarimRaslan
Founder, Managing Director and Chief Executive
Officer of KRA Group
Paul Reynolds
President & Chief Executive Officer, Canaccord
Financial Inc.
Javier Solana
Former EU High Representative for the Common
Foreign and Security Policy, NATO Secretary-
General and Foreign Minister of Spain
Liv Monica Stubholt
Senior Vice President for Strategy and
Communication, Kvaerner ASA; Former State
Secretary for the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign
Affairs
Lawrence Summers
Former Director of the US National Economic
Council and Secretary ofthe U.S. Treasury;
President Emeritus of Harvard University
Wang Jisi
Dean, School of International Studies, Peking
University; Member, Foreign Policy Advisory
Committee ofthe Chinese Foreign Ministry
Wu Jianmin
Executive Vice Chairman, China Institute for
Innovation and Development Strategy; Member,
Foreign Policy Advisory Committee ofthe
Chinese Foreign Ministry;Former Ambassador of
China to the UN (Geneva) and France
Lionel Zinsou
CEO, PAI Partners
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PRESIDENT'S COUNCIL
A distinguished group of individual and corporate donors providing essential support and expertise to Crisis Group.
Mala Gaonkar
Frank Holmes
Steve Killelea
George Landegger
McKinsey & Company
Ford Nicholson & Lisa Wolverton
Harry Pokrandt
Shearman & Sterling LLP
Ian Telfer
White & Case LLP
Neil Woodyer
INTERNATIONAL ADVISORY COUNCIL
Individual and corporate supporters who play a key role in Crisis Group's efforts to prevent deadly conflict.
Anglo American PLC
APCO Worldwide Inc.
Ryan Beedie
Stanley Bergman & Edward
Bergman
Harry Bookey & Pamela
Bass-Bookey
BP
Chevron
Neil & Sandra DeFeo Family
Foundation
Equinox Partners
Fares I. Fares
Neemat Frem
FTI Consulting
Seth & Jane Ginns
Alan Griffiths
Rita E. Hauser
Sir Joseph Hotung
lara Lee & George Gund
Foundation
George Kellner
Amed Khan
Faisel Khan
Zelmira Koch Polk
Elliott Kulick
Liquidnet
Jean Manas & Rebecca
Haile
Harriet Mouchly-Weiss
Naringslivets Inter-
nationella Rad (NIR) -
International Council of
Swedish Industry
Griff Norquist
Ana Luisa Ponti & Geoffrey
R. Hoguet
Kerry Propper
Michael L. Riordan
Shell
Nina Solarz
Statoil
Belinda Stronach
Talisman Energy
Tilleke & Gibbins
Kevin Torudag
VIVA Trust
Yapi Merkezi Construction
and Industry Inc.
Stelios S. Zavvos
SENIOR ADVISERS
Former Board Members who maintain an association with Crisis Group, and whose advice and support are called on (to the
extent consistent with any other office they may be holding at the time).
Martti Ahtisaari
Chairman Emeritus
George Mitchell
Chairman Emeritus
Gareth Evans
President Emeritus
Kenneth Adelman
Adnan Abu Odeh
HRH Prince Turki al-Faisal
HushangAnsary
Oscar Arias
ErsinAnoglu
Richard Armitage
Diego Arria
ZainabBangura
Shlomo Ben-Ami
Christoph Bertram
Alan Blinken
LakhdarBrahimi
Zbigniew Brzezinski
Kim Campbell
Jorge Castaheda
NareshChandra
Eugene Chien
Joaquim Alberto Chissano
Victor Chu
MongJoon Chung
Pat Cox
Gianfranco Dell'Alba
Jacques Delors
Alain Destexhe
Mou-Shih Ding
Uffe Ellemann-Jensen
Gemot Erler
Marika Fahlen
Stanley Fischer
Malcolm Fraser
I.K. Gujral
Swanee Hunt
Max Jakobson
James V. Kimsey
Aleksander Kwasniewski
Todung Mulya Lubis
Allan J. MacEachen
Graca Machel
Jessica T. Mathews
NobuoMatsunaga
Barbara McDougall
MatthewMcHugh
MiklosNemeth
Christine Ockrent
Timothy Ong
OlaraOtunnu
Lord (Christopher) Patten
Shimon Peres
Victor Pinchuk
SurinPitsuwan
Cyril Ramaphosa
Fidel V. Ramos
George Robertson
Michel Rocard
Volker RLihe
GLiler Sabanci
Mohamed Sahnoun
Salim A. Salim
Douglas Schoen
Christian Schwarz-Schilling
Michael Sohlman
Thorvald Stoltenberg
Leo Tindemans
Ed van Thijn
Simone Veil
Shirley Williams
Grigory Yavlinski
Uta Zapf
Ernesto Zedillo
 

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