Digital Himalaya Journals

Nepal's Election: A Peaceful Revolution? International Crisis Group 2008-07-03

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TTTTTTTT  T?T   T?TT   fft? I    "Rejected ballots  at the  3  May  Scottish
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ROOC, www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/afdr/2008/104861.htm.
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Rrft T RRTRT RTTR "FRFRft "dTR RRfXl'O*) R^ ftr?F?
(IS.C TfRRR) fTRtl
3.   h*iT n-°h?m*I <jRyHW
RTRRTRRTT RRRfRT? RR?F?TRT ft ftftRfRpT* "gfl TTT?
RfRR TFRfRfRRR Rfft? TRRRf TRTR TTTdRRR "RRTT ft
"RRTRft RffftRTTRft <H^HRI Rrft RTfRRft RRRT' ft I ^
TRRT fft?fTRRTft "RTTRRF RRT Rft RTF? "RTFR?
fftTPRTfff "SRFT Wr,%[s RrfTR FTRt f?F*ft fRTRRRft
RRTFTR RfRRTR RTRTfRTd" "RTRRRR RTF ftft (TfRTRTTf
RRRft RFRTRRR RqRR Rrft) t^MHlR* TRRfRTRdft"
fftfftR ftfdT "dftf*R*Fft ft RFTRpRRRft TRRRFR p
RTRft "gfl rRrFTRTTR? ^Isir, RftRd RRFTTsft *,o
?fRR, Ro\ RRRft ? <\\R RR RRRfR" *TTJ ^ TRRT
fRRfTRdTTRR R\o RTTRTsft R\ RR ("RRfSR ^3 RR
TTRftTTTft p) TFT RffRT RftRd TF, RT TTRpTfRRRTT*ft
^o rR-RR *ldl^ Rft RTRRTRRTTRft FTRRFRRTR TRTR
RffRT p TT I RTRffr, RTRRrft T ftft fftfF?*t ffdRR
RTftf TffftT TFRT pffTTRTT TRf fT? ?TTT RTFftfffF?*?
TRRRFR Rft Rffftt TRFT TF I RRf ^Wit (FRRp?) *f
RTRTTd" TFTTRTTtft* TRTRftRRTRR tRf I %%
RRfRR TRRffft T?f <Nft|R* ?RF?R? tRRRf?TT ftft
RffRRRT Rfft I ftfRRft TRRT Rft?d TRFRTT RF?
TTdTF?*? TRRfftRFR RTTR RRTTT fftft Tft TfRTRTIFT*
NO N_
TRFffft R?f R*. RfdT RTFTff RRRt tRRRf? RTTRR RTft
RRTRft I RTRTR*? RfRt, TRRT fftrfTRRRFRf F* fftd" ftft
fftR RRftftt ft*R (TFft) "TTRRTRRRfft ^.3 TRRR Wt
RTFRft RTRFRT RTR fftd" fftR RTF? Tft I TRfTRfftt RTTRt
ftft Ttfft R TRRRf HdMd RRRtl R? TRffRfftt RTRt ftft
"RTTRTTtRRRTTT ftff ftftd fftfti RTR (RTF?) ft RR fftd"
fftftfl Rffft RTRfR RTRFRT RdR TF*f TRT RfRRTT RFTR?
TTgT RRRfRT RPffft ?f fftd fftftfl RTf RTFR? Rftftt
RRftft 3TTRftTTT*ft RfttRTT ?tf&t RFT%F?*f Rdft fttTTTT
TffFR FRR? ^TTHH TRf fft7_ Pds||d TRRT RTFfR" %RRTT?
RRftf TRFT TFI RTdTTFRTR R?TTF?*t fFRT¥fTR~ RfdR
ft?: TTRR TTdTR ftft FRT fftd fftftfl RTTRTrRRRTTR?
TRT Wt rO,ls3^,olsc; RST ^^t R^X*\R TR RFTR?
ftTFT TRRR RTRt RTpTff "RRFRRRTFtft RTTRT RTTdft
TTTR? ?TTT FTffTR RRtl'100 ft ^i RpjR *lRi||*l
ftftfTTftRR Rft (RR TT- RRTRT FTffTR) Rft RFTFFT TdT
jiRlj*! fti
RRRft TRF?*t ?ft RTfTRRft rRtRT?RTF*T RpR
RTFftf?FR? "gf T RTft TTRRfR*f T??TT?f ftft RTFRgfl
"dftRRftdT p? RRRft RTR? — RRRft RRRfRRRT TRTT, RTff
RRR ftfRRTRT* RTff T TRTTTR RTff Tff%R TRTTT RTRf,
Tfrt T "tdt FTTTTT RRI RRftF?ft RRR: ^R, Ro T ftt
fftTd" FRR I (TRTJTRir tt^R^RRRR RRTT Tfftf ftTFT RTTTTR
TTTff    (RTTRftRTf)    ft    RRTRTfRTRRTTTRR    ?f    fftd"    RT?
NO NO^
fftcft I )^°^ RRRft RFRF?ft RTFff RTfTRRft W RR^ I ^
RT dftl^^H ft fftFRF? TIRtRTTtrrrf ftft RTfRTTT fttl
RTffRR RR fftFRF? R*R (RIRTRFrft) ft RRfRTffRRRfft RR"
TtftRT) I    TT  RTTTTttTT  RTfft  ftftft? "FPTP Winning Margin by
Constituency", http://result.nepalelectionportal.org/report.html.
^TT TR TT?ftft ftTTft ft RTTRt ftt Tft RTTTf fftftRT  RRRT
» -> so
RTTRt TRTT TftftRT Ttft <\o f3TTT TTRTft TTRTRT TTTt ftTR
^,1V? TTTT RT | TRtftr pRftftt RTTTfftf, TT5RT?t, IV ft
ROOi^ | TTTRTRTftftft ftftft TIRTfTttftTRft ^.S TtftRT RTR TTfT
TTTTt fftfti TTTt Rft RTfRRft oftttTTR fttTRTTT RTRTRT Ttft
RR TTTTT fftr I TTftfft TRTT-U ^ K+41 TT ftfTR ftTTft ftft Trft
R?f f^f TTTTt TR RT^I RTRTRftft TTRTfTTtftTRft TftfTTt RT
ttTRRT TrftFTT R?f f^f (^^.V ftftRR) RTRf I ttTTTftt ftftfft
fftwTT TJ^RRT RTRTRftft TRTTt f^t (WA) ftftft eTRRT tftftt I
^ SRSG Ian Martin, ft? TT75T, +I6RI^!', RS ft ROOi^ |
^fftftTT ft?A(?) I
^TRtft? TTTTft RnTfftf,TTRT? ftft, 1 3 fT Rooi^ |
^ "Constituent Assembly Elections", OHCHR-Nepal, RTfft ^fttfftR, T.
C,   RRTfTTfftT  TfftfftfftTTRft   ^o   TtftRT  RffRT  fpft  RTSRTTtft
^TTTTTft Rft tftRftRR RTTRT RtfRTfTSTft TfftfttftTTTT fttRTRft ftTTR
RfttTTTTRT TTRT RTTR TTt I
100TTRTTTtfftT  fftftRT  TRTftftTT  TTTft  ftfft? www.election.gov.np/
reports/CAResults/reportBody.php?selectedMenul=Party%20Wise%20
Count% 20In%20Nation.
"'""'fftftTT  RTRtRft  TTTtftT fttft  Tf£Rf  TRTTRT ^   :   TRfTft
TTTTt fttRTRRT Rftftft RTRfftTF ftrTRft TTRT fftftftRTF   R%
fft? fftftftf ft^RTTt ^ RT fR fRTRT ftt TRTRft RS RRT fftftftt
RFTTfT RTRfRft fftrrt ^1   TTTRTRT RftRft RRRTTTF TRTRTt  ?o
ft? fftftftt ft I   TR Tft? RTTT T fftRTfRF R^STRTft   _t-fftft?T
fftftftR   ftsRT?   fftftTTft   TT-TTRftfRT?   TFtftTTRT   fftTTT   TTT I
TTftTTtt-^   RT  RftRft  T^TRtTTF   ft<R+l   "RTftftf  TTRTttft  ftTTTff
TT?TTTT ftftRTTTR TTRTttRTi ^1 RRTt TTttftR RtrT fftr I   TRTRTt
TRRT fttRTR TTTfRR TT ftft ftTTftft TRTRft RRTT fftFT Tftf
fftffl    RTTRRft fttRTR RTTTR TTTTRTT Tfft TT TTTt RtftR
TftfRT  TTTRTTT  "RTftftf   TTTTtfRft  TtfTRTRTTftt   TITTTTt  "RTT
TfR Rft ttT TTRTRt I   ft R_T R^" fTTTRRTT ^ I
''o:*TS:"TFT RT, "Forum in Maostan",Nepali Times, 1^;  RfTR ROOC, |
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WWwRtW WT rffcrr /ft/a" ft  IKK, ? TTTTft ?ooc
??
Tfd" RRtl ^ RTffRR ftTTR T pRTTFf*ft tRRRf? Rff
ftft Rft "gf I   TTRfRTTfft RTff*T RT-RT "dFTTT fftcft (RfftT
' ^ NO NO
RTffRT RlRft?f?ftft RFT FRfft) ftft "dTRF?TT TfrRt?TTtF?ft
RTTTR: RFTRpR* T ftfftRR pTRTT RTRTRTf TTd" fftft
RFT¥F?*f TR RTFR? fTRif I
TRR RRRTfft TfRRffdTT TTTRRR TTTTRRR? RdR?*? TRRRft
R?f RRf RpTTF? %^T TTRR "gfRI TRRT Rft?d+TI
RTTRTftf f?F*T ttttfTRR Yo ftTRTR R?FTF?Tsft t o RR
TP? RfRRft TFI ftTFff *lfi)<H*l ^ Rsft t ^ RR TT?
fRRT RTRR TT*" I ',ov "FTffTR FFFF?TTTf FTTRRTsft ftff R
TTRRR RRf RpR "gfRI RRRFF RTRtRTTtRR ^ ftfRT
TRRT TTTftft FTFTR? fftsRFT RR RFRT TTRTTfff,
RlRft?f?ftftV RTRRf RFTRT ftrRfRT ft?TTff *lfi)<H*l Rift41
RFftrnf T RTRfRTRPRT RTRft?? RTTFTTfft FTTTFT ^tW
RfTdftRFTff FRFI FTTRTR FRTT RfRRTR ^ti <MRs|£lp
RTRRTfff RRF? <MiftR* ftRTT FRRT RTRfRR RRftft
RR3RRRTT TRTTRR TRTTT TTTft FTRRJ RRTRT R?fdt
fRRRTft fftftTT RT? TRF ftRTRI TTRFd"-r ^t "FRR?
RTTRTF RT? t ftftTRT Roo\s RT RTOTFRTT TF*f RT
*|u.*| RfRt TfRft TF*f "RfF? TTTRT pT* fftftTTff Tftftft
F*   TTF?   ?rtf   TRFT   fftft   RfTRT   fttrfgf   TRfRR   TFR?
fftTTI^^
RTfftRRTTRft RTRRR FRRT ftft ?TR?RTT ft pft RRR
fTRtl ^ TRRT fft?fTRRTft TTRfRf?T*T RfRRft RTTRRFR?
3RRR RTR 3^, fftft Tft RTRft RRfRRRR RfRRft RTTRRTTR?
3RRR RTR ^ RTRtl RRRft RRRfRRTT TRTTRR RTTRfd"
RRTRRTR-is Rfd RfRRft R^ RTftft 7ftTT*TRR RR RTTRT
RTRR RTRTRR p ftf CY RTTR TRTRTRRT RTRRfTRR
RRFTR? RRTRT p/ TRFT pi (RTFTRT RRTplfRRRTRTTd"
TRTFR? fRFI )
r Rid Rd<ui
RTTRTfRRRTTRft TRfTTRf TfTRT RfdR T  RTRRRf fftfti
RTF? TRF? RTT RTT TRF?TSR Tgt RTft RTdf W^ Tfftft
"^TTlfRT RRTfTffftTRft RTRTRftft Rftft=RT TR (%A ftftRR) TTTT
TRTtl fft -rTTTfiTT RT7 fftTRTfTpTTT ftft RRT?Ff Rrft RRTTT
Tfftl RftRft STTfttTTTTt R^ TTTtftTTTT RTlfff T RRtfRT ftft
RTRTRftft R?TR: (VY ftftRR), (%A ftftRR) ft? RTRt I (TTTt
ffttlTi ftTTTft TT?RRft TTrfft ^ 3 ftftRR TTTT TRTRf) I TTRffft TTTft
RftR ftrTTTTRRT TI tff ft TRRT Rft Tft RRtt Rftftt" RTRfftTF
ftfTRftt TRRT I   TRTRft tRTTfTRT Rt ftftRR RTR TTTT TRRt I
',OY7_tF7x t^r, "ft^fttr ftrrr fRT ftt', wwf wfwww, i^   Rfftr
Rooc I
^ft.ft. ffTTT, "RT? RF??ft fftft', WWf wfwWW, 1 X RtftR Room
105 fftft? TRtft? prft ftftft, WTMWW WWW T cWWW^T ftft RTfft
TTftftftr, T. V I
TRRff RTRfft RRTT RRRT TFF? TTR? fftdTT *TRTff
TdTRft Tft pR RTdTRR ^tt^t FRF? RfTT pgf I ^ Frft
TT? RTSRR ft fftft Tft RTdf "gfRfdTTff Midi*) R?RTR
RRRft RRTRR RRRsftf T TRRTT RfTR RFRIfRR? TfR? T
RffTfRfff RTTTR Wm TfTfft RfRR RRRT? p RftRRf I
RfRRTR RRTR? T ft ftRRTRF? FTP? TTT*? TRRR
RTRFT? "TT?RTRRTT*T TRTR*ft "gfRfd" RRtt pgf TRRftTT
TTd TRF?? I ^ m TTRffft TTRRftRt* RTTRR ftff ftRRR
FRTTT TTR RfRT RffRR JlRRifl T RRTRTRft? RRfRRTR
ftRRfff fftRTRft RTRT fftft I RRTRTRTfRTTf RTTRt TTrRTRRT
Wd fftftft? Rft fftrR I ^
R? TTRTft TTF? RTR?ft "TTRTffRRRfftRR RTRRRF "gffft
NO NO ^        ^ NO '
TRRft dftl^^H pTRTT TF*f RRRt Ffftt fRRRF*f RF5
fRRR RftfRRft RTRRgf, RRfft RTFjTTFT* TRFRftRRTRR
RTRRRF "gfRT RRftF?TTTf ftft? FTRR? RTR fTR*ft fftfti
RTRftt RRfRR RfTRR*ft RFRRRTFRTd" Tff?R fftft, TRRTT
"RTTRTftRRRTTRR Rfd" Wi Rdft T Tf?ft*f ftRR ftTfR?
ftRRT ^o t; Yo ftft RRTTRTT Rt?ft RTT TRt I RTRt R?f
ftfft RFT "5RFTT RTRRRF WA RTFRR T RTTRTF "gfRftdTT
ftft RRf RlRTFRft TTT? ftftftft | RTFff RRfRTRt RRFTT
RTTRt FTTTfgf RTRTfRp* <yfts|ld RF? RTTRTF "gfFRt ftft
TTR¥T fRRfTRTT ^3&H TF FTT fftR I RRFTRR? TTTtft, ftTRfft
TTTftTRT   <Hd<Jt)   fftFRTTTd"   tY   RR  RrftRRF  TTTRt  RT
•N NO
RRftF?Tsft ttr? RR ftft RRRft TRFRRI TRRT pTRTT
R?dTfftRTd: TTIfRfR" TF*f RTRfft RTdTTFfTT to RR
TRFT RTTpTfRRRTd: RRfft I RRTRTT ?RF?Tft *fdT R p
ftt RT TTRtftRF ?TTT RRTTR FTRTRRRt RRftF?ft TRR
SRRfTFpi'1'10
10ftft, T. <\ I
i°cft STTTft T TTTTtfftT TRTt TTRR RfftTTtftfTft ftft
TTRTTTTtftTRft TTTTt Tfft f^t TTTR Tfft fft? TRTT TTTRT Tgf Tft
fR RRTTT R%TT I TRtft? pftt RTTftftf, ^RTRRRTTTTT fftfTR
fftTRTfTS,  <\\t   3TTTR ^001^ |
"'^Ttft TTRTTTTtftT TRTTttRT RTRt ftr I TTTTTTRT ftTTRft TRRTRT
3TTTTT TTsft TrftFR TR TTTTft TRTRf ttftt I RtftTTR RRTTTTftfT
TRTTttRT  TT  TrftTRTTTTft   RT  wftf   Tft  TR   TTTTft   RtftTF
so so
TTTRRTRft ft?TTt fR^ I TftftRT ftft ^TTTRRTfft fft+lRlH+i
TTftfTt Rftftt TTftftTTTT RTRRft TTTT TTRft oTTTTT |^ I R5TRT
TTTRT fT TTRT RTR TttftTTt ft T% Tfft ^rft ^pTTTTT tftftftftr
IfT^ I TT RTTTTtfTT RTfft ftfft? TRtft? pft ftftft, WTTrTWW
WWW T vWW^T wifk, RTfft 77JT7ftt%TT, T. % I
""ftTTT (RTRftTft) ft RfTRT? 11 RRT T TRTRTT? ft TR
TftTRF Wftt Tft RT7 ft fftTRTRT? TT RRTTTft ftft ^TTTTI
TRTftft RTTTT?RT? Trft 1 o wtt T ftiffRRT? WZ TR TRRt I RTTftft
TTTRRft TTRTRRT? IV, TRTRTT? 1^,RfT?RT? 1 o, ftftrTTttRT? ft T
TRtft? WZ TR TrftTRF wftt I Rftft RRRtftTF ftrTTrft
TIRTRRTtftTRft fftftftt ^^ fft?RT TTR RTR ftTTTftRft TTTTRRF
Wftt I Rfftt ftRRT RftTTTT T^R T RSTR RTTTT RTtftRTT fftr I
TFTT TTfRTTt TTftfft TTTTftt ftt TTTRT TTTTTT TTTTRRTTfT7 ^rtftr I
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WWwRtW WT rffcrr /ft/a" ft  IKK, ? TTTTft ?ooc
?C9
RTRRRR "gfRftd Rft Midi*) RFRR*" TRFRF? RRJ "FTTfRp*
RTTTT RFT RSR TRf" T *R*1 TRRF? ftft ftd" RTT Tft |
•N        NO NO NO
TRRft RTfffTT Rft RFRRRR ftft RRPR I RRRlRtR RF??
TTTFTfTt RTdTRT RRRTg RTRRRfft ^TTTTTT RTTR TTdT
TRRfTTRTT RTFTR? ftl"'1 ftff Hldl*l TTT? TRTF?RtRt
RTRRRF RRFRRRR TTTtft pr W RR" TRRTRft TRFRT fft?
ftfft*f 3TTTTT ftft TTFRtl Tp£f ftRR?ft TRFRT RFRfR
ftt*ft TTft RRFTRTT TT*ft pi Rft ftft RRRTRTR "gfl ''^
TFTTTTT RTft RRRRRTRTTf TtTRRR fftfti FTffTR RTTRR
RRTF?RTf RTRRRRRft "gfRfdRT RfT Rft TFTTTftft fpRif Tft
TFf "FffRRT Tft Rft Riff TTRT ftftftft |
13)   TTT^n^t%^f^l?
RT3flc||<{l*l RfTR RTTRTR p RTgf RT ft FRRR RfR
RRfftft p? Tft fft?RI R?fF?*ft RR?f T tRt^RT ?R
RfftfRR TRRff?* TRR TRT Rft RRftF?ft 7TTRRRft TTTRRR
TTRRRR? RTTTT Rltft R RftrF? TFRRR? "gf I ft RR?FTTF?ft
RRftF?TTTf "RTR? T tRrRRRR TRRR? ?TTT ftft RRI
TFTt f?TT ftff FTRTT RRTF?Trrf Tfd" ft?F RRF? ftR
R"TTT RfR RRRRT fft Tft TTRRF? ftft RTT fttftft Rfft I
NO NO
RFR RSTRR RRTft RTR LjR^fd RTR RF? RT pr*F?*ft
RFTfT Rtftf RlRftRT?ft*ft RTRRRR RRTRF?rR fttft Rf#tTR
RfRRT TT? p RTgfl rFffft RTTtRprft RfRR Rgfffft*? ftff
RTRR? fRTRTTffftT "gf?; :
□ ¥Sf3^ t yrm ^iHrrr ^31 t*r (RrfttRTrft) ft rrrt
TfRRR T TRf?"? R?RRRTfF?*f RTF? pf "SRrRRR TTR
TRFF? RTTTFRR fRFI RRftF?ft RTfRR T R? RTTfttft*
RTTTR RtRRTT"? "Jfft RRRR? Rftr I RTTfTfTft TRTT*ft
3RRRR T R?RRRTfF?*f TRTRTR ¥FR? ftft TTTRRTTft
fftfti RTt RRRT RTTTt ft TF ftft TRTRR RRTF? RftftF?
TRTT RRRfRR RTTRT TPRRRT Tf*T TRFI RRtF?ft
RRTR ^HdNId RFTT TP3R RRT fttp RT RRTF??!
^ddl*l  RRT Rft,   ^ddl^^ld Rfft T RRRfRR" THR7*"
NO NO T
RRRT Tfftl FTffTR ?TR?ft RfTRt RRRRRff ftRRdf
ftt T "RfRTRR TfRRffRTf R^f SRTR ftpPsJd ftt| RRftF?
RlRftRf?ftF?RTd" ft RFJF?RTd" RRFFR? fRF, RT ftft
"dFJTT pFTftTR fft TTRR TTRR ftft RRftF?ft TRRRTT
SRR fftrpl Tfftt?T?t*t "5RTT* TRTftft R?f RRftF?ft
^ddl*l RpSTFT fftft T RRRRfff TRTT fftft RF? TT RRT
Rft RTft RTFTTT RRF? fft |
TTR   T?TTRT, TRTttTT   Ro   RTT   fftTRT   Tftftt   TTTTTft   ftfTft
TRRTTftfTRft RTTRt TTRRTTt TtftfftfftTT TRTITTt tfttfTRT TTftTTRT
TTT I   "30 UML men resign en masse", ekantipur.com, c; 73T? ROOC, |
"Discontent in Parties our PR List", nepalnews.com, V ft ROOC, |
^TTTfftftt T_n? X fttTftfftRTI
□ 3)^vft ^HW ifelT TR^TT W\^\ TRTtTR RTfF?Tft ft
Rft T TfpTRRR RRTF? ftt I RTRtRTTftft RRftF?*T pi
R^FTtl TRRft RRF?*? TTRT? fftft RTTTT TIRtRTTftft
R?RR TfRTTRf JlftRd I FTFftTTTRft TRdfr* ?TTT
TRRT TTRT, ftftRTRtftpT, TRfft? T tftRTTTRfft? TT*f
RT¥1T RRtl (p R Midi*) RFRtRft ftft RtTRTT
RRTR TR, RT RTRt RRRT RRRRF? TTRtRTTtrfi TTPrft
TPRRTR ft fftft) RTRftRprft7? ftff RRf Tft RR? RTTFR?
?Rr, Rf? T RRTRft RF? TRRRF?*? TFJt I
"RRrRTRRTF? RJftFR? Y^ Rsft ^3 RR TRfdTfff
RTRfRfTftft fftdTRtl RlRftRPfftft RdTFRT F* RRTRft
RTfftTRFft ^TTTTTT TTfTFRT pRTRR fftdTTTFTff FTTFR?
fftfti ffdR RRT TTdftd RRpF?RTf RTRfRT?ft*T
RRTRft T ftRRfft RR RF* RTR Tftpft ft Rft RRT
fftft, *\W\i RRftF?TTTf TTFR TT*ft fftft I
□ "ST5" RW T Tft^vW l^r 3lt% ^ifl TTT7TfRr?fTTTf
3RTT ^^t TTTtft RF"ftftjj* Tft pR FTg ?TTT RRT fftft T
RRftF?Tt RfTRT TRTRTRTTf ftft ft pR "pftFRR fft? I
RTfft T TTRff RTfRRft RRf RR RTRRTTf Rftf ftt T
RRRTd" RRRTRRRf fftSTFT TFR I RRRFTTT ?TFRTR,
"NtRTRTRRTT T Rfft "RTRR RTRtRprft*? FftRf RfF, I
RRftF?R FftRT TTTftft TRRRR fRF T RTRfR RRF? FTg
fRFI   pF? RRF?  RP*" RF? RR T pFTRT* ?TTT
RftftF?RR rt? Rrr Rrr 1
□ ^T M<J^+I T^TRlfxT 3)MHMH| RTRfRTTfft ft rR*TTT
RTTRt ^i TTRR ftt ?ft RRfftft dR*M RTRft t; RRTR
fft? Rfft RRfRtpi^^
□ ^¥ ip "R^ff I   "RRTft RRfRR T FRRT RTTTTRR 'Rft
RRTR" RT? Tfd" "gf TRT ?ff R TTRF? "SW fRF p Tftd"
R?fF?Tft  RTRT RTTRT  ft WM  TTRF? TF*ft ftfftft I
RTRft?r?ftF?ft FR^-F* Wt ^dMd  RFRR ftt,  RRftF?Tt
"'"TTTRTRTTtfTft  RfR"  T  Tftr  ft  fftftftRft  "Rfft  TTRfR   ftl
TRfTRTT   TTtfft,  TTTT   RfTRTTT   R?TRT   TftfttRT   Tft^T   RT%
'so so
RTRftTft ftTTft RTRRft Rft RTRRft Tft "ftft" RTTfftt ft? RTftrft
ffTT, RfR RTfftTT 7RT?RT TTTTtftt RT^ttTTT Rftftt fftl TTTT,
RftftTT, RRT, ftTFtt TRTR T TRR TfRft fTRftRTt TTTTTT ftftTT
^? t frftRTi frrftt tt^fr ^f^\ wi. ?ftft fTRftftft rtrrtt"
"^ I T7^^", fT ftft fT TTt Tft Tftft ftRT RfftfR RTT^T 3TTTR"
ftfRT RTft RTR fftT TTTF TTFJffTTT I " TTTRTTTTft ftft RRTRTtTTft
RTR tftfft T ftR TTftfTTTft ftfft RTTTT RT RTftt RRTR" RRTRt?
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John D. & Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Charles Stewart
Mott Foundation, Open Society Institute, Pierre and Pamela
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CENTRAL ASIA
The Failure of Reform in Uzbekistan: Ways Forward for
the International Community, Asia Report N°76, 11 March
2004 (also available in Russian)
Tajikistan's Politics: Confrontation or Consolidation?, Asia
Briefing N°33, 19 May 2004
Political Transition in Kyrgyzstan: Problems and Prospects,
Asia Report N°81, 11 August 2004
Repression and Regression in Turkmenistan: A New
International Strategy, Asia Report N°85, 4 November 2004
(also available in Russian)
The Curse of Cotton: Central Asia's Destructive
Monoculture, Asia Report N°93, 28 February 2005 (also
available in Russian)
Kyrgyzstan: After the Revolution, Asia Report N°97, 4 May
2005 (also available in Russian)
Uzbekistan: The Andijon Uprising, Asia Briefing N°38, 25
May 2005 (also available in Russian)
Kyrgyzstan: A Faltering State, Asia Report N°109, 16
December 2005 (also available in Russian)
Uzbekistan: In for the Long Haul, Asia Briefing N°45, 16
February 2006
Central Asia: What Role for the European Union?, Asia
Report N° 113, 10 April 2006
Kyrgyzstan's Prison System Nightmare, Asia Report N°l 18,
16 August 2006 (also available in Russian)
Uzbekistan: Europe's Sanctions Matter, Asia Briefing N°54,
6 November 2006
Kyrgyzstan on the Edge, Asia Briefing N°55, 9 November
2006
Turkmenistan after Niyazov, Asia Briefing N°60, 12
February 2007
NORTH EAST ASIA
Taiwan Strait IV: How an Ultimate Political Settlement
Might Look, Asia Report N°75, 26 February 2004
North Korea: Where Next for the Nuclear Talks?, Asia
Report N°87, 15 November 2004 (also available in Korean
and in Russian)
Korea Backgrounder: How the South Views its Brother
from Another Planet, Asia Report N°89, 14 December 2004
(also available in Korean and in Russian)
North Korea: Can the Iron Fist Accept the Invisible Hand?,
Asia Report N°96, 25 April 2005 (also available in Korean
and in Russian)
Japan and North Korea: Bones of Contention, Asia Report
N°100, 27 June 2005 (also available in Korean)
China and Taiwan: Uneasy Detente, Asia Briefing N°42, 21
September 2005
North East Asia's Undercurrents of Conflict, Asia Report
N°108, 15 December 2005 (also available in Korean)
China and North Korea: Comrades Forever?, Asia Report
N°l 12, 1 February 2006 (also available in Korean)
After North Korea's Missile Launch: Are the Nuclear Talks
Dead?, Asia Briefing N°52, 9 August 2006 (also available in
Korean and in Russian)
Perilous Journeys: The Plight of North Koreans in China
and Beyond, Asia Report N°122, 26 October 2006 (also
available in Russian)
North Korea's Nuclear Test: The Fallout, Crisis Group Asia
Briefing N°56, 13 November 2006
SOUTH ASIA
Unfulfilled Promises: Pakistan's Failure to Tackle
Extremism, Asia Report N°73, 16 January 2004
Nepal: Dangerous Plans for Village Militias, Asia Briefing
N°30, 17 February 2004 (also available in Nepali)
Devolution in Pakistan: Reform or Regression?, Asia Report
N°77, 22 March 2004
Elections and Security in Afghanistan, Asia Briefing N°31,
30 March 2004
India/Pakistan Relations and Kashmir: Steps toward Peace,
Asia Report N°79, 24 June 2004
Pakistan: Reforming the Education Sector, Asia Report
N°84, 7 October 2004
Building Judicial Independence in Pakistan, Asia Report
N°86, 10 November 2004
Afghanistan: From Presidential to Parliamentary Elections,
Asia Report N°88, 23 November 2004
Nepal's Royal Coup: Making a Bad Situation Worse, Asia
Report N°91, 9 February 2005
Afghanistan: Getting Disarmament Back on Track, Asia
Briefing N°35, 23 February 2005
Nepal: Responding to the Royal Coup, Asia Briefing N°35,
24 February 2005
Nepal: Dealing with a Human Rights Crisis, Asia Report
N°94, 24 March 2005
The State of Sectarianism in Pakistan, Asia Report N°95, 18
April 2005
Political Parties in Afghanistan, Asia Briefing N°39, 2 June
2005
Towards a Lasting Peace in Nepal: The Constitutional
Issues, Asia Report N°99, 15 June 2005
Afghanistan Elections: Endgame or New Beginning?, Asia
Report N° 101, 21 July 2005
Nepal: Beyond Royal Rule, Asia Briefing N°41, 15
September 2005
Authoritarianism and Political Party Reform in Pakistan,
Asia Report N°102, 28 September 2005
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Nepal's Maoists: Their Aims, Structure and Strategy, Asia
Report N°104, 27 October 2005
Pakistan's Local Polls: Shoring Up Military Rule, Asia
Briefing N°43, 22 November 2005
Nepal's New Alliance: The Mainstream Parties and the
Maoists, Asia Report 106, 28 November 2005
Rebuilding the Afghan State: The European Union's Role,
Asia Report N°107, 30 November 2005
Nepal: Electing Chaos, Asia Report N° 111, 31 January 2006
Pakistan: Political Impact ofthe Earthquake, Asia Briefing
N°46, 15 March 2006
Nepal's Crisis: Mobilising International Influence, Asia
Briefing N°49,19 April 2006
Nepal: From People Power to Peace?, Asia Report N°115,
10 May 2006
Afghanistan's New Legislature: Making Democracy Work,
Asia Report N° 116, 15 May 2006
India, Pakistan and Kashmir: Stabilising a Cold Peace, Asia
Briefing N°51, 15 June 2006
Pakistan: the Worsening Conflict in Balochistan, Asia
Report N° 119, 14 September 2006
Bangladesh Today, Asia Report N°121, 23 October 2006
Countering Afghanistan's Insurgency: No  Quick Fixes,
Asia Report N°123, 2 November 2006
Sri Lanka: The Failure of the Peace Process, Asia Report
N°124, 28 November 2006
Pakistan's Tribal Areas: Appeasing the Militants, Asia
Report N°125, 11 December 2006
Nepal's Peace Agreement: Making it Work, Asia Report
N°126, 15 December 2006
Afghanistan's Endangered Compact, Asia Briefing N°59, 29
January 2007
SOUTH EAST ASIA
Indonesia Backgrounder: Jihad in Central Sulawesi, Asia
Report N°74, 3 February 2004
Myanmar: Sanctions, Engagement or Another Way
Forward?, Asia Report N°78, 26 April 2004
Indonesia: Violence Erupts Again in Ambon, Asia Briefing
N°32, 17 May 2004
Southern Philippines Backgrounder: Terrorism and the
Peace Process, Asia Report N°80, 13 July 2004 (also
available in Indonesian)
Myanmar: Aid to the Border Areas, Asia Report N°82, 9
September 2004
Indonesia Backgrounder: Why Salafism and Terrorism
Mostly Don't Mix, Asia Report N°83, 13 September 2004
Burma/Myanmar: Update on HIV/AIDS policy, Asia
Briefing N°34, 16 December 2004
Indonesia: Rethinking Internal Security Strategy, Asia
Report N°90, 20 December 2004
Recycling Militants in Indonesia: Darul Islam and the
Australian Embassy Bombing, Asia Report N°92, 22
February 2005 (also available in Indonesian)
Decentralisation and Conflict in Indonesia: The Mamasa
Case, Asia Briefing N°37, 3 May 2005
Southern Thailand: Insurgency, Not Jihad, Asia Report
N°98, 18 May 2005 (also available in Thai)
Aceh: A New Chance for Peace, Asia Briefing N°40, 15
August 2005
Weakening Indonesia's Mujahidin Networks: Lessons from
Maluku and Poso, Asia Report N° 103, 13 October 2005 (also
available in Indonesian)
Thailand's Emergency Decree: No Solution, Asia Report
N°105, 18 November 2005 (also available in Thai)
Aceh: So far, So Good, Asia Update Briefing N°44, 13
December 2005 (also available in Indonesian)
Philippines Terrorism: The Role of Militant Islamic
Converts, Asia Report N°l 10, 19 December 2005
Papua: The Dangers of Shutting Down Dialogue, Asia
Briefing N°47, 23 March 2006 (also available in Indonesian)
Aceh: Now for the Hard Part, Asia Briefing N°48, 29 March
2006
Managing Tensions on the Timor-Leste/Indonesia Border,
Asia Briefing N°50, 4 May 2006
Terrorism in Indonesia: Noordin's Networks, Asia Report
N°l 14, 5 May 2006 (also available in Indonesian)
Islamic Law and Criminal Justice in Aceh, Asia Report
N° 117, 31 July 2006 (also available in Indonesian)
Papua: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions, Asia
Briefing N°53, 5 September 2006
Resolving Timor-Leste's Crisis, Asia Report N°120, 10
October 2006
Aceh's Local Elections: The Role of the Free Aceh
Movement (GAM), Asia Briefing N°57, 29 November 2006
Myanmar: New Threats to Humanitarian Aid, Asia Briefing
N°58, 8 December 2006
Jihadism in Indonesia: Poso on the Edge, Asia Report
N°127, 24 January 2007
Southern Thailand: The Impact of the Coup, Asia Report
N°129, 15 March 2007 (also available in Thai)
Indonesia: How GAM Won inAceh , Asia Briefing N°61, 22
March 2007
Indonesia:   Jemaah   Islamiyah's   Current   Status,   Asia
Briefing N°63, 3 May 2007
Indonesia: Decentralisation and Local Power Struggles in
Maluku, Asia Briefing N°64, 22 May 2007
Timor-Leste's Parliamentary Elections, Asia Briefing N°65,
12 June 2007
Indonesian Papua: A Local Perspective on the Conflict,
Asia   Briefing   N°66,   19   July   2007   (also   available   in
Indonesian)
Aceh: Post-Conflict Complications, Asia Report N°139, 4
October 2007 (also available in Indonesian)
Southern Thailand: The Problem with Paramilitaries, Asia
Report N°140, 23 October 2007 (also available in Thai)
"Deradicalisation" and Indonesian Prisons, Asia Report
N°142, 19 November 2007
Timor-Leste: Security Sector Reform, Asia Report N°143, 17
January 2008 (also available in Tetum)
Indonesia:   Tackling Radicalism in  Poso,  Asia  Briefing
N°75, 22 January 2008
Burma/Myanmar: After the Crackdown, Asia Report N°144,
31 January 2008
Indonesia: Jemaah Islamiyah's Publishing Industry, Asia
Report N°147, 28 February 2008
Timor-Leste's Displacement Crisis, Asia Report N°148, 31
March 2008
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The Philippines: Counter-insurgency vs. Counter-terrorism
in Mindanao, Asia Report N°152, 14 May 2008
Indonesia:  Communal Tensions in Papua,   Asia Report
N°154, 16 June 2008
OTHER REPORTS AND BRIEFINGS
For Crisis Group reports and briefing papers on:
Asia
Africa
Europe
Latin America and Caribbean
Mddle East and North Africa
Thematic Issues
CrisisWatch
please visit our website www.crisisgroup.org
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Co-Chairs
Christopher Patten
Former European Commissioner for
External Relations, Governor of Hong
Kong and UK Cabinet Minister;
Chancellor of Oxford University
Thomas Pickering
Former U.S. Ambassador to the UN,
Russia, India, Israel, Jordan, El Salvador
and Nigeria
President & CEO
Gareth Evans
Former Foreign Minister of Australia
Executive Committee
Morton Abramowitz
Former U.S. Assistant Secretary of State
and Ambassador to Turkey
Emma Bonino*
Former Minister of International Trade
and European Affairs of Italy and European
Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid
Cheryl Carolus
Former South African High Commissioner
to the UK and Secretary General ofthe ANC
Maria Livanos Cattaui
Former Secretary-General, International
Chamber of Commerce
Yoichi Funabashi
Editor-in-Chief & Columnist, The Asahi
Shimbun, Japan
Frank Giustra
Chairman, Endeavour Financial, Canada
Stephen Solarz
Former U.S. Congressman
George Soros
Chairman, Open Society Institute
Par Stenback
Former Foreign Minister of Finland
*Vice-Chair
Adnan Abu-Odeh
Former Political Adviser to King Abdullah
II and to King Hussein and Jordan
Permanent Representative to the UN
Kenneth Adelman
Former U.S. Ambassador and Director of
the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency
Ali Alatas
Former Foreign Minister of Indonesia
HRH Prince Turki al-Faisal
Former Ambassador ofthe Kingdom of
Saudi Arabia to the U.S.; Chairman, King
Faisal Centre for Research and Islamic
Studies
Kofi Annan
Former Secretary-General ofthe United
Nations; Nobel Peace Prize (2001)
Louise Arbour
Former UN High Commissioner for
Human Rights and Chief Prosecutor for
the International Criminal Tribunals for
the former Yugoslavia and for Rwanda
Richard Armitage
Former U.S. Deputy Secretary of State
Lord (Paddy) Ashdown
Former High Representative for Bosnia
and Herzegovina and Leader ofthe Liberal
Democrats, UK
Shlomo Ben-Ami
Former Foreign Minister of Israel
Lakhdar Brahimi
Former Special Adviser to the UN
Secretary-General and Algerian Foreign
Minister
Zbigniew Brzezinski
Former U.S. National Security Advisor
to the President
Kim Campbell
Former Prime Minister of Canada
Naresh Chandra
Former Indian Cabinet Secretary and
Ambassador of India to the U.S.
Joaquim Alberto Chissano
Former President of Mozambique
Wesley Clark
Former NATO Supreme Allied
Commander, Europe
Pat Cox
Former President of European Parliament
Uffe Ellemann-Jensen
Former Foreign Minister of Denmark
Mark Eyskens
Former Prime Minister of Belgium
Joschka Fischer
Former Foreign Minister of Germany
Yegor Gaidar
Former Prime Minister of Russia
Leslie H. Gelb
President Emeritus of Council on Foreign
Relations, U.S.
Carla Hills
Former Secretary of Housing and U.S.
Trade Representative
Lena Hjelm-Wallen
Former Deputy Prime Minister and
Foreign Affairs Minister, Sweden
Swanee Hunt
Chair, The Initiative for Inclusive Security;
President, Hunt Alternatives Fund; former
Ambassador U.S. to Austria
Anwar Ibrahim
Former Deputy Prime Minister of
Malaysia
Asma Jahangir
UN Special Rapporteur on the Freedom of
Religion or Belief; Chairperson, Human
Rights Commission of Pakistan
James V. Kimsey
Founder and Chairman Emeritus of
America Online, Inc. (AOL)
Wim Kok
Former Prime Minister of Netherlands
Aleksander Kwasniewski
Former President of Poland
Ricardo Lagos
Former President of Chile; President,
Club of Madrid
Joanne Leedom-Ackerman
Novelist and journalist, U.S.
Jessica Tuchman Mathews
President, Carnegie Endowment for
International Peace
Moises Nairn
Editor-in-chief Foreign Policy; former
Minister of Trade and Industry of
Venezuela
Ayo Obe
Chair of Steering Committee of World
Movement for Democracy, Nigeria
Christine Ockrent
Journalist and author, France
Victor Pinchuk
Founder oflnterpipe Scientific and
Industrial Production Group
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29
Samantha Power
Author and Professor, Kennedy School of
Government, Harvard University
Fidel V. Ramos
Former President of Philippines
Guler Sabanci
Chairperson, Sabanci Holding, Turkey
Ghassan Salame
Former Minister, Lebanon; Professor of
International Relations, Paris
Thorvald Stoltenberg
Former Foreign Minister of Norway
Lawrence Summers
Former President, Harvard University;
Former U.S. Secretary ofthe Treasury
Ernesto Zedillo
Former President of Mexico; Director,
Yale Center for the Study of Globalization
PRESIDENT'S COUNCIL
Crisis Group's President's Council is a distinguished group of major individual and corporate donors providing
essential support, time and expertise to Crisis Group in delivering its core mission.
Khalid Alireza
BHP Billiton
Canaccord Adams Limited
Bob Cross
Equinox Partners
Frank Holmes
George Landegger
Iara Lee & George Gund III
Foundation
Ford Nicholson
Ian Telfer
Guy Ullens de Schooten
Neil Woodyer
Don Xia
INTERNATIONAL ADVISORY COUNCIL
Crisis Group's International Advisory Council comprises significant individual and corporate donors who contribute
their advice and experience to Crisis Group on a regular basis.
Rita E. Hauser
(Co-Chair)
Elliott Kulick
(Co-Chair)
Marc Abramowitz
Hamza al Kholi
Anglo American PLC
APCO Worldwide Inc.
Ed Bachrach
Patrick Benzie
Stanley Bergman &
Edward Bergman
Harry Bookey and
Pamela Bass-Bookey
John Chapman Chester
Chevron
Citigroup
Richard Cooper
Credit Suisse
Neil & Sandy DeFeo
John Ehara
Frontier Strategy Group
Seth Ginns
Alan Griffiths
Charlotte & Fred
Hubbell
Khaled Juffali
George Kellner
Amed Khan
Shiv Vikram Khemka
Scott Lawlor
Jean Manas
McKinsey & Company
Najib Mikati
Harriet Mouchly-Weiss
Donald Pels
Michael Riordan
StatoilHydro ASA
Tilleke & Gibbins
Vale
VIVATrust
Yasuyo Yamazaki
Yapi Merkezi
Construction and
Industry Inc.
Shinji Yazaki
Sunny Yoon
SENIOR ADVISERS
Crisis Group's Senior Advisers are former Board Members (not presently holding national government executive office)
who maintain an association with Crisis Group, and whose advice and support are called on from time to time.
Martti Ahtisaari
(Chairman Emeritus)
Diego Arria
Paddy Ashdown
Zainab Bangura
Christoph Bertram
Jorge Castaneda
Alain Destexhe
Marika Fahlen
Stanley Fischer
Malcolm Fraser
Bronislaw Geremek
I.K. Gujral
Max Jakobson
Todung Mulya Lubis
Allan J. MacEachen
Barbara McDougall
Matthew McHugh
George J. Mitchell
(Chairman Emeritus)
Surin Pitsuwan
Cyril Ramaphosa
George Robertson
Michel Rocard
Volker Ruehe
Mohamed Sahnoun
Salim A. Salim
William Taylor
Leo Tindemans
Ed van Thijn
Shirley Williams
Grigory Yavlinski
Uta Zapf

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