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Himalayan Journal of Sciences Volume 2, Issue 4 (Special Issue), July 2004 Himalayan Association for the Advancement of Science 2004-07

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Volume 2 Issue 4 (special issue) July 2004 ISSN 1727 5210
The 19th Himalaya-Karakoram-Tibet Workshop
10-12 July, 2004
Niseko Higashiyama Prince Hotel
Niseko, Hokkaido, Japan
Guest Editors
Kazunori ARITA
Pitambar GAUTAM
Lalu Prasad PAUDEL
Youichiro TAKADA
 The 19th Himalaya-Karakoram-Tibet Workshop
including a special session on
Uplift of Himalaya-Tibet Region and Asian Monsoon:
Interactions among Tectonic Events, Climatic Changes and Biotic Responses
during Late Tertiary to Recent Times
Co-hosted by
The Organizing Committee of
The 21st Century Center of Excellence (COE) Program on
"Neo-Science of Natural History - Origin and Evolution of Natural Diversity"
Hokkaido University
The 21st Century Center of Excellence (COE) Program on
"Dynamics ofthe Sun-Earth-Life Interactive System"
Nagoya University
Division of Earth and Planetary Sciences,
Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University
Sponsored by
International Lithosphere Program (ILP)
Hokkaido Prefecture, Japan
Niseko Town, Japan
Tokyo Geographical Society
Geological Society of Japan
Japan Association for Quaternary Research
Tectonic Research Group of Japan
Kajima Foundation, Tokyo
Hokkaido Geotechnical Consultants Association, Sapporo
Hakusan Corporation, Fuchu, Tokyo
Kao Foundation for Arts and Sciences, Tokyo
Tethys Society, Sapporo
Confectionary Kinotoya, Sapporo
Shugakuso Outdoor Equipment, Sapporo
JEOL Ltd, Akishima, Tokyo
The Himalaya-Karakoram-Tibet (HKT) region, well known as "the roof of the world," embraces the highest
elevations and the greatest relief on earth. The formation and uplift of the HKT region during the Cenozoic was
a crucial event in the geological evolution of our planet and its major rivers support more than two-thirds of the
world's human population.
In geoscientific terms, the HKT region is important in two ways. First, it serves as a natural laboratory for
study of the composition, structure and formational process ofthe continental crust. The area today occupied by
the Tibetan Plateau was the focus of subduction-related magmatism before the collision of India with Eurasia.
After the collision, continental deformation led to the formation ofthe earth's thickest crust beneath Tibet. Early
in this process the Karakoram-Kohistan area was at the island-arc stage of formation and now is the site of ultra-
high-pressure rocks. The Himalaya, a foreland fold-thrust belt with metamorphic core, formed along the northern
margin of the Indian continent after the collision. It exhibits the effects of thrust tectonics resulting in rapid uplift
- most dramatically, an unrivalled array of the eight-thousand-meter giants. The highest section extends more
than halfway into the troposphere and exerts a major influence on the global atmospheric circulation. In order
to develop future global climatic scenarios it is necessary to understand: (i) the timing, underlying causes, and
mechanism of the uplift; (ii) the monsoon climate, its time of initiation and manner of evolution; and (iii) the
relationship between the two.
The HKT region is a natural laboratory where one can observe the diversity of both geological and biological
phenomena, a thorough understanding of which is vital for the development of rational resource-use policies.
The HKT Workshops, since their inception in 1985, have become an important forum for sharing scientific
knowledge and experience. The present workshop, held in Japan, will include a special session on "Uplift of the
Himalaya-Tibet region and the Asian Monsoon: Interactions among Tectonic Events, Climatic Change and Biotic
Responses during Late Tertiary to Recent Times".
Despite its distance from the HKT region, Japan is an appropriate venue for the workshops. The northern
side of Japan, facing the Japan Sea, experiences some of the world's highest annual snowfall. The Japanese
monsoon (tsuyu) occurs in June. Thanks to the water derived from snowmelt, together with the accompanying
rainfall during the tsuyu, Japan has evolved a remarkable form of rice cultivation. It was the uplift of the HKT
region that was essential to this development, which in the old days was called a toyo-ashihara-no-mizuho-no-
kuni (literally, "beautiful country of rice"). If the HKT region in its present form did not exist, Japan probably
would have no monsoon and conditions would be very different from those of today.
This special issue ofthe Himalayan Journal olSciences contains one hundred and thirty-six abstracts. One
hundred and fifty scholars from fourteen countries have pre-registered for the Workshop. It is our hope that all
the participants will take advantage of this meeting to express their views, listen to the opinions of others, and
exchange scientific knowledge.
The Organizing Committee would like to express its sincere thanks to the many organizations and enterprises
that provided financial support and facilitated the participation of many scholars from the HKT region (China,
India, Nepal, Pakistan) and Japan (especially graduate students from abroad). Twenty-one participants received
registration grants and sixteen received grants covering registration and full or partial travel expenses.
Furthermore, special gratitude is expressed to Prof. Arvind K. Jain for his assistance in evaluating the abstracts, to
Prof. Mitsuhiro Nakagawa for his generous offer to lead an excursion to the active volcanic area of Mt. Usu, and
to Mr. Takahiro Tajima for managing the HKT19 homepage.
Members ofthe Organizing Committee
ofthe 19th Himalaya-Karakoram-Tibet Workshop:
Kazunori ARITA (Hokkaido University)
Kazuhisa CHIKITA (Hokkaido University)
Pitambar GAUTAM (Hokkaido University)
Shuji IIWATA (Tokyo Metropolitan University)
Takashi NAKATA (Hiroshima University)
Hiroshi NISHI (Hokkaido University)
Harutaka SAKAI (Kyushu University)
Tetsuya SAKAI (Shimane University)
Teiji WATANABE (Hokkaido University)
 Editorial Policy
Himalayan Journal of Sciences (ISSN 1727 5210) is a peer-reviewed multi-disciplinary journal published twice yearly. HJS focuses on
biodiversity, natural resource management, ecology and environment, and other fields related to Himalayan conservation, and development. HJS invites authors to communicate their knowledge and uncertainties from all the sciences.
HJS publishes works in the following genres:
i)      Research papers: report on original research
ii)     Review papers: thorough account of current developments and trajectories in any field covered in the journal
Ni)    Articles: narrowly-focused account of a current development in any field covered in the journal
iv)    Editorial: opinionated essay on an issue of public interest
v)     Essay: similar to editorial but longer and more comprehensive; may include tables and figures
vi)    Commentary and Corespondence persuasive and informed commentary on any topical issues or on articles published in prior
issues of the journal
vii)   Policy: critical review of some topic of high public interest, hybrid of essay and review article, with the basis of highly valid facts and
viii)  Resource review: evaluation of books, websites, CDs, etc. pertinent to the scope of HJS
ix)   Publication preview: description/epitome of the forthcoming important books
x)     Calender: notice of forthcoming conferences, seminars, workshops, and other events related to science and the Himalayas.
Permission to make digital or hard copies of part or all of any article published in HJS for personal use or educational use within one's home
institution is hereby granted without fee, provided that the first page or initial screen of a display includes the notice "Copyright © 2004 by
the Himalayan Association for the Advancement of Science," along with the full citation, including name of author(s). We assert the authors'
moral right to post their papers on their personal or home institution's Web pages and to make and distribute unlimited photocopies of their
papers. In all of the above cases, HimAAS expects to be informed of such use, in advance or as soon as possible.
To copy or transmit otherwise, to republish, to post on the public servers, to use any component of a paper in other works, or to use such
an article for commercial or promotional purposes requires prior specific permission. HimAAS does not grant permission to copy articles (or
parts of articles) that are owned by others.
We would like to acknowledge the logistic support (office space, computers, furniture) of International Center for Integrated Mountain
Development (ICIMOD); and we are especially grateful to Dr J Gabriel Campbell and Mrs Greta Rana. We are thankful to Mr Kamal Thapa for
providing us with computer facility for page set up and printing and to Manpur Chaudhary for assistance. The generous help of Dr Megh Raj
Dhital in proof-reading the manuscripts is highly appreciated.
Special Acknowledgments
In the business of dissemination of new knowledge relevant to Himalaya, we are assisted in our publication and pre-publication work by
certain commercial collaborators. By offering HJS generous discounts (and in some cases waiving all fees), they have significantly reduced
our publication costs. We have tried to reciprocate in a small measure by including notices of their services. Prism Color Scanning and
Press Support (Pvt) Ltd. (PRICOS), WordScape Crossmedia Communication and Jagadamba Press: Thank you for standing with us in this
Printed at: Jagadamba Press, Hattiban,
Lalitpur, Tel: 5547017
Cover design: WordScape Crossmedia
Communication, Tripureshwor,
Kathmandu, Tel: 4229825
Color separation: Prism Color Scanning
and Press Support, Kalimati, Kathmandu,
Tel: 4286311
This is a special issue of the Himalayan Journal of Sciences,
containing extended abstracts of papers to be presented
at the 19th Himalaya-Karakoram-Tibet Workshop to be held
in Niseko, Japan, July 10-12, 2004. The issue was
produced by guest editors and its contents have not been
subjected to peer review.
Volume 2
Issue 4 (special issue)
July 2004
ISSN 1727 5210
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Himalayan Journal of
Volume 2, Issue 4
July 2004
Pages: 71-304
Cover image
South west face of
Mt. Everest; photographed
from Kala Pathar (5545 m) in
Dec 2000; also seen are
Khumbu Glacier and
Everest Base Camp.
Courtesy of Jagadish Tiwari,
a freelance mountain
Published by
Himalayan Association for
the Advancement of Science
Lalitpur, Nepal
GPO Box No. 2838
extended abstracts
Climate change in East and Central Asia associated with the uplift ofthe Tibetan Plateau-
A simulation with the MRI coupled atmosphere-ocean GCM
ManabuAbe, Tetsuzo Yasunari andAkioKitoh, Page 85
Collisional emplacement history ofthe Naga-Andaman ophiolites and the position ofthe
eastern Indian suture
Subhrangsu KAcharyya, Page 87
Debris flow disaster in Larcha, upper Bhotekoshi Valley, central Nepal
Danda P Adhikari and Satoshi Koshimizu, Page 89
Preliminary Results from the Yala-Xiangbo Leucogranite Dome, SE Tibet
Amos B Aikman, T Mark Harrison andDingLin, Page91
The Malashan metamorpriic complex in southern Tibet: Dominantly top-to-the north
deformation and intrusive origin of its associated granites
MutsukiAoya, Simon R Wallis, Tetsuo Kawakami, Jeffrey Lee and Yu Wang, Page 92
Palaeoenvironmental events and cycles at the southern front ofthe Tibetan Plateau
during the Pleistocene: A record from lake sediments
ErwinAppel, Srinivasa R Goddu, Shouyun Hu, XiangdongYang, SumingWang, Yaeko Igarashi
and Pitambar Gautam, Page 94
Phylogeny and biogeography ofthe lucanid beetles ofthe tribe Aesalini (Insecta, Coleoptera,
Lucanidae), with special reference to the effect of Himalayan uplift as the vicariance event
Kunio Amy a, Page 96
Plio-Pleistocene rapid uplift process ofthe Nepal Himalaya revealed from fission-track ages
Kazunori Arita andHiroto Ohira, Page 98
Paleoclimate ofthe Nepal Himalayas during the Last Glacial: Reconstructing from
glacial equilibrium-line altitude
Katsuhiko Asahi and Teiji Watanabe, Page 100
Renewed tectonic extrusion of high-grade metamorpriic rocks in the MCT footwall
since Late Miocene (Sutlej Valley India)
Vincent Baudraz, Jean-Claude Vannay, Elizabeth Catlos, Mike Cosca and Torsten Vennemann,
Page 102
Cenozoic tectonics of Central Asia: Basement control
Michael MBuslov, Page 104
Cenozoic tectonics and geodynamic evolution ofthe Tien Shan mountain belt
as response to India-Eurasia convergence
Michael MBuslov, Johan De Grave and Elena A Bataleva, Page 106
 extended abstracts (continued)
Deformation features ofthe Higher Himalayan
Crystallines in Western Bhutan during exhumation
Rodolfo Carosi, Chiara Montomoli andDario Visond,
Page 108
Structural data from lower Dolpo (western Nepal)
Rodolfo Carosi, Chiara Montomoli andDario Visond,
Page 109
Testing Models of MCT Reactivation vs. Duplex Formation
in the Kumuan and Garwhal Himalaya, India
Julien Celerier, T Mark Harrison andWilliam J Dunlap,
Page 110
Numerical simulation of fault development in fold-and-
thrust belt of Nepal Himalaya
D Chamlagain andDHayashi, Page 111
Miocene collision-related conglomerates near Dazhuqu
and Xigaze, Yarlung Tsangpo suture zone, Tibet
Angel On Kee Chan, Jonathan C Aitchison, Badengzhu and
LanHui, Page 112
Presence of two plume-related volcanic events along the
Indian northern passive margin evidenced by the
geochemistry ofthe Carboniferous Baralacha La dykes,
the Permian Panjal traps and the Drakkar Po phonolites
F Chauvet, HLapierre, D Bosch, FBussy, JC Vannay,
GHMascle, PBrunet, J Gotten and FKeller, Page 113
Sedimentation ofthe Jianggalesayi basin and its response
to the unroofing liistory ofthe Altyn Tagh, northern
Tibetan Plateau
Zhengle Chen, XiaofengWang Jian Liu, Xuanhua Chen,
ZhimingSun and JunlingPei, Page 114
The exhumation rate of Dabie orogen:
Evidence from garnet diffusion zoning
Hao Cheng, Daogong Chen and Etienne Deloule, Page 116
The expansion mechanism of Himalayan supraglacial lakes:
Observations and modeling
KAChikita, Page 118
Intracontinental deformation in central Asia:
Distant effects of India -Eurasia convergence
revealed by apatite fission-track
Johan De Grave, Michael MBuslov and
PeterVan Den Haute, Page 121
A comparison of Main Central Thrust and other Himalayan
fault systems from central and west Nepal with some
two-dimensional stress fields
MeghRDhital, Page 123
Pedogenesis of basalts for Sangxiu Formation in the central
segment from Tethyan Himalayas: Plume-lithosphere
Zhu Dicheng, Pan Guitang, Mo Xuanxue, Liao Zhongli,
WangLiquan, JiangXinsheng and Zhao Zhidan,
Page 125
Linzizong Volcanic Rocks in Linzhou of Tibet: A Volcanic
Petrologic Assemblage in Continental Collision Environment
Guochen Dong, Xuanxue Mo, Zhidan Zhao, LiangWang and
SuZhao, Page 128
Younger hanging wall rocks along the Vaikrita Thrust of the
High Himalaya: A model based on inversion tectonics
Ashok KDubey and Surendra S Bhakuni, Page 129
Out-of-sequence thrusting in Himalaya: Modification
of wedge extrusion and channel flow models
CS Dubey, BKSharma, EJ Catlos and PA Marston, Page 130
The tectono metamorpriic evolution ofthe Alpine
metamorpriic belt ofthe Central Pamir
MS Dufour and Yu V Miller, Page 131
When the Kunlun fault began its left-lateral strike-slip
faulting in the northern Tibet: Evidence from cumulative
offsets of basement rocks and geomorphic features
BihongFu and Yasuo Awata, Page 132
Fluctuation of Indian monsoon during the last glacial period
revealed by pollen analysis of Katlimandu Basin
sediments, Nepal Himalaya
Rie Fujii, Harutaka Sakai and Norio Miyoshi, Page 133
Effects of global warming on Asian lakes from viewpoints
of water resources and environmental change
HFushimi, Page 135
New significant advances of regional geological survey
in the blank regions of Qinghai-Xizang Plateau
Zhai Gangyi, Page 136
Land cover change in Himalaya with special reference to
forest disturbance: A case of Bharse area, Lesser Himalaya,
West Central Nepal
Chinta Mani Gautam and Teiji Watanabe, Page 138
Integration of magnetic properties and heavy metal
chemistry to quantify environmental pollution in
urban soils, Kathmandu, Nepal
Pitambar Gautam, Ulrich Blaha and Erwin Appel, Page 140
Initial uplift ofthe Tibetan Plateau and environmental
XiaohongGe, Shoumai Ren, YongjiangLiu and Lixiang Ma,
Page 142
Study of geo-hydrological processes and assessment of
hazard and risk in the Banganga Watershed, Nepal
Motilal Ghimire, Page 143
Cyclicities and clusters in the lacustrine sequence of
Heqing basin (SW China): Its use for dating and
palaeoenvironmental reconstruction
Srinivasa R Goddu, Shouyun Hu and Erwin Appel, Page 145
Cretaceous isochron ages of K-Ar system in the UHP
metamorpriic rocks ofthe Tso Morari dome,
western Himalaya, India
Chitaro Gouzu, Tetsumaru Itaya and Talat Ahmad, Page 146
 extended abstracts (continued)
Himalayan ultraliigh pressure rocks and warped
Indian subduction plane
Stephane Guillot, Anne Replumaz and Pierre Strzerzynski,
Page 148
Palaeozoic metallogeny in Tethyan Black Mountain Basin,
Bhutan Himalaya and its regional implication
Anupendu Gupta, Page 150
Timing and processes of Himalayan and Tibetan uplift
T Mark Harrison and An Yin, Page 152
Reconstruction of environmental and climatic changes in
the Paleo- Kathmandu Lake during the last 700 ka: An
approach from fossil-diatom study
TatsuyaHayashi, Harutaka Sakai, Yoshihiro Tanimura,
Hideo Sakai, Wataru Yahagi andMasao Uchida,
Page 154
The record of climate and uplift in the palaeo-Ganga plain:
A way to decipher the interactions between climate
and tectonics
Pascale Huyghe, Jean-Louis Mugnier, Ananta P Gajurel and
Christian France-Lanord, Page 156
Isotopic study ofthe Himalayan metamorpriic rocks
in the far-eastern Nepal
Takeshi Imayama and Kazunori Arita, Page 158
Ice-dammed lakes in the Hindukush-Karakoram Mountains
(Pakistan): Geomorphological impacts of outbursts
floods in the Karambar valley
Lasafam Iturrizaga, Page 160
When did the metamorpriic nappe cover the Lesser
Himalayan authochton? An approach from study on
thermal liistory of Proterozoic granitic rocks and
Miocene fluvial sediments
Hideki Iwano, Harutaka Sakai, Tohru Danhara,
Yutaka Takigami and Santa Man Rai, Page 162
Glacial goemorphology in the Lunana area in the Bhutan
Himalaya: Moraine stages, glacial lakes, and rock glaciers
Shuji Iwata, Karma, Yutaka Ageta, Akiko Sakai,
Chiyuki Narama and Nozomu Naito, Page 164
Zoned ultramafic intrusions ofthe Chilas Complex in
Kohistan (NE Pakistan): Mantle diapers andkm-scale melt
conduits in extending island arcs
O Jagoutz, J-PBurg, EJagoutz, OMuntener, TPettke and
P Ulmer, Page 166
SHRIMP U-Pb zircon ages from Trans-Himalayan Ladakh
Batholith and its exhumation using fission track zircon-
apatite ages
AKJain, Rajeev Kumar, Sandeep Singh, Nand Lai and
ME Barley, Page 167
The Jijal Complex in the roots ofthe Kohistan island arc in
the northwest Himalaya of Pakistan revisited
M Qasim Jan and Barry LWeaver, Page 168
Geothermobarometry ofthe Dudatoli-Almora Crystallines,
Garhwal, Kumaun Lesser Himalaya
Tejender NJowhar, Page 170
Spatial and frequency distributions of triclinisity of
K-feldspar in augen gneisses and related granitic rocks
in the Nepal Himalayas
Takashi Kano, Page 171
Trace and Rare-Earth Elements distribution patterns of
rocks of Chilas Complex and Kamila Amphibolites,
Kohistan Arc, North Pakistan
Allah B Kausar, Hiroshi Yamamoto, Kazuya Kubo,
Yutaka Takahashi, Masumi U Mikoshiba and
Haflz URehman, Page 173
Structure and crustal shortening ofthe Subhimalayan fold
and thrust belt, western Arunachal Pradesh, NE India
Thomas KKelty, An Yin and CS Dubey, Page 175
Waziristan Ophiolite: A back-arc basin caught in
continental collision, Waziristan, NW Pakistan
Said Rahim Khan, M Qasim Jan, Tahseenullah Khan and
MAsifKhan, Page 176
Back-Arc Basin Rocks in the Kohistan Arc Terrane,
Northwestern Himalaya, Pakistan
Tahseenullah Khan, Mamoru Murata, andHiraoki Ozawa,
Page 178
Origin of dunite ofthe Sapat Complex, Himalaya,
North Pakistan
Tahseenullah Khan, Mamoru Murata, Hiraoki Ozawa, and
Allah B Kausar, Page 179
Landslide and debris flow in the Himalayas:
A case study ofthe Madi Watershed in Nepal
Narendra R Khanal and Teiji Watanabe, Page 180
Comparative morphotectonics in the Himalayan
foreland and the forearc of Southwest Japan
Kazuo Kimura, Page 182
Glacial lakes and its expansion in the north-central
Bhutan and Kulha Kangri massif, Eastern Himalaya
Jiro Komori, Syuji Iwata, Deo Raji Gurung and
HironoriYabuki, Page 183
Tectonics and climate for the last ca. 35,000 years
in the Kumaun Himalaya, India
BSKotlia, Page 185
Glacial Geomorphology and Ice Ages in Tibet and
surrounding mountains
Matthias Kuhle, Page 186
Magnetic susceptibility and biotite composition of
granitoids of Amritpur and adjoining regions, Kumaun
Lesser Himalaya
Santosh Kumar, Brajesh Singh, CCJoshi and
Abhishek Pandey, Page 188
 extended abstracts (continued)
Variations of paleoclimate and paleoenvironment during
the last 40 kyr recorded in clay minerals in the
Katlimandu Basin sediments
Yoshihiro Kuwahara, Mukunda Raj Paudel, Takeshi Maki,
Rie Fujii and Harutaka Sakai, Page 190
e-Os dating ofthe porphyry copper deposits in southern
Gangdese metallogenic belt, Tibet
Shengrong Li, Wenjun Qu, WanmingYuan, Jun Deng,
Zhengqian Hou andAndao Du, Page 192
The basaltic volcanic rocks in the Tuyon Basin, NW China:
Petrogenesis and tectonic implications
Tao Liang, Zhaohua Luo, Shan Ke, Li Li, Wentao Li and
HuamingZhan, Page 194
Introduction to recent advances in regional geological
mapping (1:250, 000) and new results from southern
Qinghai-Tibet Plateau
WangLiquan, Zhu Dicheng and Pan Guitang, Page 195
Geochemical and SHRIMP U-Pb zircon clironological
constraints on the Magam-mixing event in eastern Kunlun
orogenic belt, China
ChengdongLiu, Xuanxue Mo, Zhaohua Luo, Xuehui Yu,
ShuweiLi and Xin Zhao, Page 196
Geology ofthe eastern Himalayan syntaxis
Yan Liu, Zsolt Berner, Hans-Joachim Massonne and
XuchangXiao, Page 197
Geochronology and the initiation of Altyn Fault,
western China
Yongjiang Liu, Franz Neubauer, Johann Genser, XiaohongGe,
Akira Takasu andSihua Yuan, Page 199
Oligo-Miocene evolution ofthe Tuotuohe Basin
(headwaters of the Yangtze River) and its significance
for the uplift history of the central Tibetan Plateau
ZhifeiLiu, Chengshan Wang, Xixi Zhao, Wei Jin, HaishengYi,
Yong Li andYalin Li, Page 201
Paleovegetation and paleoclimate in the Katlimandu
Valley and Lake Baikal during the Late Quaternary
Takeshi Maki, Rie Fujii, Hajime Umeda, Harutaka Sakai,
Yoshitaka Hase and Koji Shichi, Page 202
Organic geochemical study of continuous lacustrine
sediments obtained from Kathmandu Valley, central
Himalaya: Interpretation of paleoenvironmental changes in
the late Quaternary using bulk organic matter analyses
Mami Mampuku, Toshiro Yamanaka, Harutaka Sakai,
Rie Fujii, Takeshi Maki, Masao Uchida, Hideo Sakai,
Wataru Yahagi and Hiroaki Tsutsumi, Page 203
Assessment of risk and vulnerability of water induced
disaster: A case study of Tinau Watershed, western Nepal
IndraN Manandhar and Keshav P Poudel, Page 205
Re-interpretation of progressive metamorphism, facies
series, P-T-t path and exhumation model for the collisional
orogenic belts
Shigenori Maruyama, Page 206
Latest Jurassic-earliest Cretaceous radiolarian fauna from
the Xialu Chert in the Yarlung Zangbo Suture Zone,
Southern Tibet: Comparison with coeval western
Pacific radiolarian faunas and paleoceanographic
Atsushi Matsuoka, Qun Yang and Masahiko Takei, Page 207
Trace element compositions of rocks and minerals from the
Chilas Igneous Complex, Kohistan, northern Pakistan
Masumi UMikoshiba, Yutaka Takahashi, Kazuya Kubo,
Yuhei Takahashiv, Allah B Kausar and Tahseenullah Khan,
Page 208
Garnet response diamond pressure metamorphism from
Tso-Morari region, Ladakh, India
Barun K Mukherjee and Himanshu K Sachan, Page 209
Karakoram and NW Himalayan shear zones: Deciphering
their micro- and macrotectonics using mineral fish
SoumyajitMukherjee andArvindKJain, Page 210
The lower crustal DasuTonalite and its implications
for the formation-reformation-exhumation history ofthe
Kohistan arc crust
Takashi Nakajima, IS Williams, HHyodo, KMiyazaki,
YKono, AB Kausar, SRKhan and T Shirahase, Page 211
Ion microprobe U-Pb ages ofthe Khunjerab granodiorite
and some granitoids from Karakoram, Pakistan
Masatsugu Ogasawara, Tahseenullah Khan, Firdous Khan,
Noriko Kita and Yuichi Morishita, Page 212
Magnetic polarity stratigraphy of Siwalik Group sediments
in Nepal: Diachronous lithostratigraphy and
isochronous carbon isotope shift
Tank P Ojha, Robert FButler, Jay Quade and Peter G DeCelles,
Page 213
Geochemical study ofthe Dwar Khola dolerite (1.7 Ga)
in the Siwalik belt, central Nepal
Yuji Orihashi, Harutaka Sakai and Yutaka Takigami,
Page 214
Biostratigraphy and biogeography ofthe Tethyan Cambrian
sequences ofthe Zanskar Ladakh Himalaya and of
associated regions
Suraj KParcha, Page 216
Implication of mylonitic microstructures and apatite
fission track dating studies for the geotectonic evolution
ofthe Chiplakot Crystalline Belt, Kumaon
Himalaya, India
Ramesh CPatel, YKumar, NLalandAKumar, Page217
Late Pleistocene vegetation from the Thimi Formation,
Kathmandu Valley, Nepal
Khum NPaudayal, Page 218
The b-spacing values of white mica from low-grade
metapelites of central Nepal Lesser Himalaya and their
tectono-metamorphic implications
Lalu P Paudel and Kazunori Arita, Page 220
 extended abstracts (continued)
Changes in mineral composition and depositional
environments recorded in the present and past basin-fill
sediments ofthe Kathmandu Valley, central Nepal
Mukunda Raj Paudel, Yoshihiro Kuwahara and
Harutaka Sakai, Page 222
Cooling in down-slope peat ecosystems due to accelerated
glacial melting in Higher Himalaya, India
Netajirao R Phadtare, Rajendra KPant, Kathleen Ruhland
and John P Smol, Page 224
Tectono-metamorphic evolution ofthe far-Eastern Nepal
Santa MRai, H Sakai, Bishal N Upreti, Yutaka Takigami,
Subesh Ghimire, Dibya R Koirala, Tej P Gautam,
Desh R Sonyok and Chandra P Poudel, Page 225
The Rare Earth Element geochemistry of Mesoproterozoic
clastic sedimentary rocks from the Rautgara Formation,
Lesser Himalaya: Implications for provenance,
mineralogical control and weathering
SARashid, Page 226
Slow mass movement in the Kangchenjunga Area,
Eastern Nepal Himalaya
Dhananj ay Regmi and TeijiWatanabe, Page 227
Contrasting Pressure - Temperature Evolution of Pelitic
Schists, Gneisses and Eclogites in Kaghan-Naran Valley
Pakistan Himalaya
Haflz URehman, Hiroshi Yamamoto, Yoshiyuki Kaneko
andAB Kausar, Page 229
Paleomagnetic study ofthe Late Jurassic formations in
Northern Qaidam basin and tectonic implications
Shoumai Ren, Zhenyu Yang, ZhimingSun and Junling Pei,
Page 231
Timing of synconvergent extension in NW Himalaya:
New geochronological constraints from the
Gianbul dome (SE Zanskar)
Martin Robyr, James M Mattinson and Bradley R Hacker,
Page 232
The importance of nummulites and assilina in the
correlation of middle and upper Eocene rocks
Ghazala Roohi and SRHBaqri, Page 234
The deep process ofthe collision structure in northern Tibet
revealed from investigation ofthe deep seismic profiles
Gao Rui, Li Qiusheng, Guan Ye, Li Pengwu andBaiJin, Page 235
Discussion on the dynamic system of China continent in
QiuRuizhao, ZhouSu, Dengjinfu, XiaoQinghui,
Cai Zhiyong and Liu Cui, Page 236
Maximum extent ofthe Paleo-Kathmandu Lake in the late
Pleistocene on the basis of piedmont gentle slope formation
and lacustrine distribution in the Kathmandu basin, Nepal
Kiyoshi Saijo and Kazuo Kimura, Page 239
Middle to late Pleistocene climatic and depositional
environmental changes recorded in the drilled core of
lacustrine sediments in the Kathmandu Valley
central Nepal
Harutaka Sakai and Members of Paleo-Kathmandu Lake
Drilling Project, Page 240
Delta formations associated with high-frequency (annual?)
lake-level fluctuations: An example from the
uppermost Pleistocene Gokarna Formation,
Kathmandu Valley, Nepal
T Sakai, AP Gajurel, H Tabata andBN Upreti, Page 242
Temporal variation of glacial lakes since 1976 in the Great
Himalayas revealed by satellite imageries
Nariyuki Sato, Takayuki Shiraiwa and Tomomi Yamada,
Page 243
20 Ma of lateral mass transfer around the western
Himalayan syntaxis
Eva Schill andWilliam E Holt, Page 244
Occurrence of manganese ores in different tectonic
settings in the NW Himalayas, Pakistan
Mohammad TShah, Page 246
Geodynamics of Chamba Nappe, western Himalaya
BK Sharma, AMBhola and CS Dubey, Page 247
Geochemistry of biotite, muscovite and tourmaline from
Early Palaeozoic granitoids of Kinnaur district, Higher
Himachal Himalaya
Brajesh Singh and Santosh Kumar, Page 248
Geology and evaluation of hydrocarbon prospects of
Tethyan sediments in Spiti Valley, Spiti and Zanskar,
Himanchal Pradesh
Jagmohan Singh, SMahanti and Kamla Singh, Page 250
Tale of two migmatites and leucogranite generation within
the Himalayan Collisional Zone: Evidences from SHRIMP
U-Pb zircon ages from Higher Himalayan Metamorphic Belt
and Trans-Himalayan Karakoram Metamorphic Belt, India
Sandeep Singh, Mark E Barley and AKJain, Page 251
Cenozoic structural and metamorphic evolution and
geological map and sections ofthe NW Indian Himalaya
Albrecht Steck, Page 253
On the Himalayan Uplift and Himalayan Corridors
Hideo Tabata, Page 256
Geometric evolution of a plate interface-branch fault
system: Its effect on tectonics in Himalaya
Youichiro Takada andMitsuhiro Matsu'ura, Page 258
Geochemical modeling ofthe Chilas Complex in the
Kohistan Terrane, northern Pakistan
Yutaka Takahashi, Masumi U Mikoshiba, Yuhei Takahashi,
Allah Bakhsh Kausar, Tahseenullah Khan and Kazuya Kubo,
Page 259
 extended abstracts (continued)
40Ar-39Ar dating of Proterozoic basaltic and granitic rocks in
the Nepal Himalaya and their comparison with those in
Singbhum area, peninsular India
Yutaka Takigami, Harutaka Sakai, Yuji Orihashi andKazumi
Yokoyama, Page 260
Clay mineralogy and implication for palaeoenvironment of
Patala Formation in Salt Range, Lesser Himalayas, Pakistan
Shahina Tariq andSRHBaqri, Page 262
Late quaternary Neotectonic evolution of dun in Garhwal
Sub Himalaya
VC ThakurAK Pandey and NSuresh, Page 263
Paleohydrological reconstruction of molasses sediments
from the Siwalik Group along Surai Khola section, West
Nepal Himalaya
Prakash D Ulak, Page 264
Role of primary to re-equilibrated fluids during P-T
evolution from Nagthat Siliciclastic of Lesser Himalaya,
Priti Verma and Rajesh Sharma, Page 265
Northeastward growth and uplift ofthe Tibetan Plateau:
Tectonic-sedimentary evolution insights from Cenozoic
HohXil, Qaidam and Hexi Corridor basins
Chengshan Wang, Zhifei Liu and LidongZhu, Page 266
SHRIMP U-Pb zircon geochronology ofthe High
Himalayan rocks in the Nyalam region, Tibet
Yanbin Wang, Dunyi Liu and Yan Liu, Page 267
SHRIMP zircon ages of orthogneiss from EW-trending
gneissic domes in Southern Tibet: Their tectonic
Yu Wang andWencan Liu, Page 268
Calcrete crust formation on the lateral moraine of Batura
glacier, Northern Pakistan
Tetsuya Waragai, Page 270
Active landslides on the lateral moraines in the
Kanchanjunga Conservation Area, eastern
Nepal Himalaya
Teiji Watanabe and Naohiro Nakamura, Page 273
Early aged ophiolites in the Qinghai-Tibet plateau and their
tectonic implications
XiaoXuchang, Wangjun and ZhangZhaochong, Page 274
Evolution of Mustang Graben, Tibet Himalayas, due to
eastward extrusion of Tibet Plateau in and after the Last
Glacial Age
Hiroshi Yagi, Hideaki Maemoku, Yasuhiro Kumahara,
Takashi Nakata and Vishnu Dangol, Page 275
Digital sandbox modelling of Indian collision to Eurasia
Yasuhiro Yamada, Atsushi Tanaka and Toshi Matsuoka,
Page 277
Lateral variations along the Main Central Thrust in the
central Nepal Himalayas: The evidence from chemical
maps of garnet
Haruka Yamaguchi and Kazunori Arita, Page 279
Imbricate structure of Luobusa ophiolite, southern Tibet
Hiroshi Yamamoto, S Yamamoto, YKaneko, M Terabayashi,
TKomiya, Ikuo Katayama and Tlizuka, Page 280
Evolution ofthe Asian monsoon and the coupled
atmosphere-ocean system in the tropics associated with the
uplift of the Tibetan Plateau - A simulation with the MRI
coupled atmosphere-ocean GCM
Tetsuzo Yasunari, ManabuAbe andAkio Kitoh, Page 282
Structural framework ofthe westernmost Arunachal
Himalaya, NE India
An Yin, Thomas KKelty, CSDubey, GE Gehrels, Q Chou,
Marty Grove and Oscar Lovera, Page 284
Relationship between the Higher Himalayan Crystalline
and Tethyan Sediments in the Kali Gandaki area, western
Central Nepal: South Tibetan Detachment revisited
Masaru Yoshida, SantMRai, Ananta P Gajurel,
Tara NBhattarai and Bishal N Upreti, Page 285
Commentary on the position of higher Himalayan
basement in Proterozoic Gondwanaland
Masaru Yoshida and Bishal N Upreti, Page 286
The geomorphic characteristics ofthe Minshan Tectonic
Belt along the northeast margin ofthe Tibetan Plateau —
A DEM study
Hui pingZhang, NongYangand ShaofengLiu, Page 287
40Ar-39Ar thermochronological evidence for formation and
tectonic exhumation ofthe northern-central segment ofthe
Altyn Tagh Fault System in the Mesozoic, northern Tibetan
Xuemin Zhang, Yu Wang, Erchie Wang, Qi Li and Guihua Sun,
Page 289
Geochemical characteristics and geological significance
ofthe adakites from west Tibet
Cai Zhiyong, Qiu Ruizhao and XiongXiaoling Page 291
Temporal-spatial distribution and implications of
peraluminous granites in Tibet
Liao Zhongli, Mo Xuanxue, Pan Guitang, Zhu Dicheng,
WangLiquan, JiangXinsheng and Zhao Zhidan,
Page 292
Geochronology on Cenozoic volcanic rocks of a profile
Linzhou Basin, Tibet, China and their geological
Su Zhou, Xuanxue Mo, Guochen Dong, Zhidan Zhao,
Ruizhao Qiu, TieyingGuo and LiangliangWang
Page 294
Author Index
Page 296
Guide to Authors
Page 298