David Conde Fonds

Ex.1464-1500. Treatment of prisoners of war Conde, David W., 1906- 1946

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Doco No; e;  2707 P^ge 1; SUBJECT: JAPANESE VIOLATIONS OF THE; LAWS OF WAR; DATE OF ISSUE 23 June 194ブ No, 72 ( S m n l 2; SUMMARY:; 2 to COMPILATION PRFFARED FOR,; AND SUBMITTED UNLFR OATH TO "COぼISSICN REGARD-; ING BREACHES OF THE RULES OF WARFARE BY THE; JAPAI\TI:SE FCRC3S”(CO:: GNWEALTH OP' AUSTRALIA),; 1 2 INARCH 1 9 4 4。; 1 . I h i s report sup'oleirents 4TIS Research Report No. 72; (previously ATIS Information Bulletin N o . 1 C ) , and Supril; 1 , a n d co^ririses a fizrther record of violations of the; laws cf war noted in doctiments cn file at AT IS, GHQ; C; It contains inforrration "/hich has become available; from 12 October 1944 to 2只March 1945„; 2r Photolithographic conies of pertinent sections; of such original documents as are available with; relevant identifying data are renrodrced as appendices; to t M s reports; 3r It has not been possible in all cases to establish; definitely the existence of a violation of the laws of; war, but where data indicates the n r c b a M l i t y of such; a violat."ion the incident has been included,; 4; P;  Report, adduces evidence of one hundred and ninet}; 7; "-; four executions in South West Pacific Area] burning of; guerrillas in the Philippine Islands; the destruction; of property5; ca-nnibalism;; GC/CHE/nf; Distribution H; official Japanese admission cf; ill-treatment of prisoners of war,; /s/ Signey Uashbir; Sidney F, Mashbir; Colonel, S.C.; Co-Ordinator; SOURCES: Captured Documents.; Statements by Prisoners of War,; ェ n t e l l i r e n c e R.eports,; SECRET; ALLIED TRANSLATOR AND INTERPRETER S E C T I O N; SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA; RESEARCH REPORT; 3; o i l 5 5;  3; o;  9; 6 6; No I; e; G; No B.I.D; (INFORMATION SHOULD BE ASSESSED ACCORDINGLY); Doc. 2707-R / M Paい; REPRODUCTION OF PERTINENT; EXHIBIT; DOCUMENT No.; AUTHOR OR OWNER; UNIT; CAPTURED AT; DATE OF CAPTURE; RECEIVED ATIS AE; RECEIVED ATIS, SWPA; TRANSLATED BY; TRANSLATION CHECKED BY; PHOTOGRAPHED ON; V .; i; PARTS OF CA.PTURED DOCUMENTS; R; 600.616 .; 16 Division Hq. ); l6 Div^ s ion Hq_; Levte; •• 1  1丨 I, I,__•; 4-]1 Novorfiber 1944; 14 November 1944; 30 January 194ヴ; WOJG YAMaSHIRO. Kiyoshi, /IUS; 1st Lt KADANI, Tsuneo G., /LUS; 25 April194ヲ; /s/ Sidney F . Mashbir; Sidney P . Mashbir; Colonel, S.C.; Co-Ordinator; Wo shall wait for instructions from our superior officers; on the investigation and its disposal and I feel it proper to; send this to our senior commanders,; ed on the battle-field; those; who are of bad charac.ier, will be resolutely; 1./'(prisnners^jrf v/ar Jwill be; who .qnrrfindpr —‘ 一 — •; ed in'secret and counted as abandoned corpses.; Bv "Pr;;sorif v.̂  v/e mo^tn so]d ier.q nnd hand its captured; on the b a t t i G - f i e l d ; by "surrender" we mean those who; surrender or sifemit‘prior to the battle, Prisoners of War; will be interrogated on the battle-field and should be; immediately — cd. excepting those who require further; detailed interrogation for intelligence purposes.; In the event of it must be carried out cautiously; and circumspectly, with no policemen or civilians to; witness the scene, and care must be taken to do it in a; remote place and leave no evidence,; Malicious surrenderers will be taken into custody for the; time being and after observance of public sentiments will; be 一 ed secretly when the -inhflhitpntc! hsyr, fnrgntt.e^; about thera; };  or secretly under pretext of removal to some; distant locality, thus avoiding: methods likely to excite; public feci ing • 一 / ~~'; Other surrenderers will be set free under the Filipino; guarantee after admonition and instruction. In the event oj; any men surrendering to the Filipinos, our troops are to be; informed about it iinrnediately, and we shall require them to; be set free after thorough'.admonition and instruction by th(; Filipinos.; Thieves caught in the act will be dealt with in the same wa:; as malicious surrenderors,; Doc, Noc 2707 P-ige 1; SUBJECT: JAPANESE VIOLATIONS OF THE; LAWS OF V M; DATE OF ISSUE 23 June 194^ No, 72 (Suv^l 2; SU.C.; T; ARY:; s v ^ u . m m KUJ-BFH 2 to COMPILATION PREPARED FOR,; AND SITBAITTED UNDER OATH TO "C0^; R; ISSICN REGARD-; ING BREACHES OF TEE RULES OF WARFARE BY THE; JAPANESE FORCES" (CO:; C卿 A L T H OF AUSTRALIA);  C; 12 ;,iATiCH 194-4; P; 1 . I b i s rerjort. si^nlcrents A; rn; I£ Research Ren or t No. 72; (previously AT IS Information Bulletin M o . 1 0 ) , and SUTDPI; 1 , a n d co^nrises a further record of violations cf the; laws of war noted in documents cn file at ATIS, GHQ,; It contains inforrration -'/hich has becore available; from 12 October 1944 to March 1945„; 2; r;  Photolithograt)hic conies of pertinent sections; of such original docuirents as are available -vith; relevant identifying data are reproduced as aiorendices; to this renort-o; 3<" It hg.s not been possible in all cases to establish; definitely tho existence of a violation of the laws of; w-ir, bu.t where data indicates the probability of such; a violation the incident has "been included.; 4; C;  Report addixes evidence of one hundred and ninety-; four executions in South West ^acific Area; burning of; guerrillas in the ^hili^plne Islands; the destruction; of property; official Japanese admission of; cannibal isra? ill-treatment of prisoners of war.; GC/CHR/nf; Distribution K; /s/ Signey F . Uashbir; Sidney F, Mashbir; Colonel,S.C-; Co-Ordinator; SOURCES: Canturec* Documents.; Statements by Prisoners of War„; Intelligence Ret)orts,; SECRET; ALLIED TRANSLATOR AND INTERPRETER SECTION; SOUTHWEST PACIFIC 遍 A; RESEARCH REPORT; 4 3; 5 0 订;  3; o;  o; 66;  r; o; -N 0 N r; D; 0; ; *; ; G;  I e • •; 1;  B; (INFORFL/ITICN SHOULD BE ASSESSED ACCORDINGLY); D o c . No. 2707-S Page 1; /s/ Sidney F . Mashbir; Sidney F , Mashbir; Colonel, S.C.; Co-Ordinator; No, 6. The treatment of S u r r e n d e r s ,ン; ^ ^ 一 、 "" —; v/hen tirisoners are taken, those who a.ra not worth utilizing; shall' be disposed of immediately except those who require; further detailed interrogation for intelligence purposes,; according to N o , 1 2 6 of Part I of the orders concerning; afLortart operetional matters; 26. Proper investigation shall be made of those who are to be; interned in reformatories before the internment, and only; those who really need education will be interned and; admonished.; 27. Surrenderers found to be malicious after the interrogations; performed on them according to N o . 1 2 6 of Part I of the; orders concerning important operational matters will be; iFimediately killed in secret snd will be disposed of so as; not to excite public feeling.; The rest of the surrenderers shall be set free under the; guarantee of the Philippine authorities after admonition; and Instruction.; REPRODUCTION 07 PF.RTIl^NT PARTS OF CAPTURED DOCUMENTS; EXJITBTT S; t 16444 し DOCUMENT No.; AUTHOR OR OWNER; UNIT; CAPTURED AT; DATE OF CAPTURE; RECEIVED A.TIS AE; RECEIVED ATIS, SWPA; TRANSLATED BY; TRPxNSLATlON CHECKED 3 1; PHOTOGRAPHED ON; 16 Division Sjgnnl Unit; 16 Division Signal Unit; l_November 1944; 2 November 1944; 9 N o v e m b e r 1 9 4 4; Lt (^g.) COFFIN, David D . , USNR; 1st It KADANI, Tsuneo G., AUS; 2 5 A p r i l 1 9 4 5; Doc; 0;  No, 2707 P-age 1; SUBJECT; JAPANESE VIOLATIONS OF TH3; LAWS OF WAR; DATS OF ISSUE 23 Jtine 194^ No. 72 ( S _ l 2; SU.C-JARY: ,; SU^^L^^EWT NUMBER 2 to CCMPILATION PREPARED FOR,; AND SUBMITTED UNDER OATH TO " C O M S S I C N REGARD-‘; ING BBEAGHES OF THE RULES OF WARFARE BY THE; JAPANESE FORCES" (CO:.: ONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA),; 12 MARCH 1944; c; This renort s-uDolements A; rn; IS Research Ren or t No. 72; (previously AT'IS Information Bulletin M o , 1 0 ) , and Surml; 1 , a n d c o m r i s e s a further record of violations of the; laws of war noted in (focnments on file at ATIS, GHQ; C; It contains inforrration which has become available; from 12 October 19料 to 2P March 1945„; 2r Photolithographic copies of pertinent sections; of such original docuinents as are available with; relevant identifying data are retDroduced as an^endices; to this renorto; 3' It hqs not been possible in all cases to establish; definitely the existence of a violation of the laws of; war, but where data indicate^ the* r>robability of such; a violation the incident has been included.; 4; f;  Renort addrces evidence of one hundred and ninety-; four executions in South West;  D; acific Area; btirning of; guerrillas in the;  D; hilir>plne Islands; the destruction; of property; official Japanese admission of; cannibalism; ill-treatment of prisoners of war,; GC/CHR/n.f; Distribution H; /s/ Signey F- Ilasbbir; Sidney F. Mashbir; Colonel,S.Cc; Co-Ordinator; SOURCES: Cantured Documents.; Staterents by Prisoners of War,; Intelligence Reports,; SECRET; ALLIED TRANSLATOR AND INTERPRETER SECTION; SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA; RESEARCH REPORT •; 4 3; P;  1 1; 5 5;  3; 00 6 6; t N; 0; D; «#; G;  I c; 1;  B; (INFORMATION SHOULD BE ASSESSED ACCORDINGLY); / g f; 冷 『 v r; DOCUMENT 2718; MANILA - 21 Feb 4ガ」 R e e d XIV Corps ATIS Adv Ech 一; 23 Feb Reed 4TIS SWPA. - 6 Mar 4^'.; Jjoose handwritten sheet containing an account of a; visit to Munt?.nglupa Prison, kept by unspecified member; 万 r T D R I I ( * 8)Dnit. Datedへ24 October, year not stated* 1 p .; Full translation:; On the 24th of October, I visited Kuntinglupa Prison; with the commander of TORII (*9) Unit, as a guide. The; prison is guarded by 2d It TAKESHIBA.い10) and 20 raen; of the TORII Unit. According to the story of 2d Lt TAKESKIB4,; there are >2^200 prisoners _including doctors, ministers &nd; constables; v;  The food consists of thick rice gruel and one; or two slices of papaya. Because of lack of food, deaths; average 10 per day.; I entered with the unit commander into No 3 Barracks which; ^ad a foid odor. Vie entered by using the guard's key. The; heavy iron lattice door was opened by a prisoner. The; prisoners near us, upon hearing the cominand to salute,,; saluted u s , 1 7 or 18 year old youths"; were"a11ill-smelling.; to 6D year old men; V c; Because the prisoners were emaciated, their thighs and ankles; were the same size. Even walking appeared to be an ordeal; for themv--<LJba2e_never seen such thin people^ It _was truly; pitiful. Some lay on narrow double deck beds covered with •; mats These —エlearned were dead bodies On the way out,; we met tSe; -; corpse carriers. ID prisoners were seen carrying; the stretchers.; The prison is surrounded with three barbed wire fences5 the; center fence is charged with electricitx» The guard towers; are placed at various points. I sru prisoners who were; avorkinf inside with iron chains a round their legs- T'^e; construction of the entrance to the prison camp is like an; old castle. The flag of the PHILIPPINES is hoisted on the —; look-out tower. It is surprising to notice the 名 r e a t contrast; between outside and inside.; Visiting is permitted at certain hours. The visitors are; mothers or wives. They carry a straw sack which appears; heavy with presents. The anxiety with which a family awaits; the release of their loved ones is apparent. I wondered; hovr the families feel when they see the pitiful state of; their loved ones. For those who have no visitors or receive; no presents, there is only death waiting. Even though they_; my heart goes out to them. ~~T!rg urlboiiBTS are; Filipinos and Chinese. There are also a jfew_vresterners.; W e , who are at war, must not lose to the Allied or our fate; will be worse. Certain victory;~ ^; DOCUMENT 2718; C E R T I F I C A T E; I, JEWELL Ao BLA駆NSI-IIP, 1st L t。I n f” of the; Allied Translator and Interpreter Section, Tokyo,; Japan, do hereby certify that the attached document; is a true and correct copy of the translation of a; captured Japanese Document, the original of which has; been forwarded to the Washington Document Center,; Washington, D . C.; /s/ Jewell k. Blankenship; Witness: /s/ Henry Shimij/lma; Sworn before me this \1 day of; October 1946, Tokyo, Japan.; - r b; DOCUMENT 10-B; • 一 乙; Clear; Washington; <R; Dece mber 1 8 , 1 9 4 1; AMEEIC皿 IEG-ATI0H; HERN; RIBH 331, eighteenth.; A r o ,; iUERiCiiH IlffEEESIS; Please request the Swiss Government tlirough its; representative at Tokyo to make a cornxaunication in tiie; following sense to the Japanese GoverrmBixt;; QUOTE It is tiie intention of the Government; of the United States as a party to the Oenova; Prisoner of War Convention and tlie Geneva Red; Cross Convention, both of July 2 7 , 1 9 E 9 , to; apply the provisions of those conventions •; It is, furthermore, the iatention of the Government; of the United States to apply the provisions; of the Geneva Prisoner of War Co mention to; any civilian eneniy alieii3 that may be interned,; in so far as the provisions of that convention; Liay b© adaptable thereto.; Although, the Japanese Govemrrieiit is a sig-; natory of the above conventions, it is under-; stood not to have ratified the Geneva Prisoner; of War Convention. The Government of the United; States nevertheless hopes t the Japanese; Governiflent will apply the provisions of both; conventions reciprocally in the above sense•; The Government of the United States would; appreciate receiving an expression of the in-; •fcentions of the Japanese Government in this; _respect. UKQJJOTE; HULL; Serial; Pages 4 and 5; Doc; #;  No. 10-1; 10-B 10-H 10 - N 10-U; 10-1 10-P 10-V; 10-J 10-Q 10-W; 10-K 10-R 10-X; 10-L 10-S; 10-M 10-T; hi /jyTHUR L. S A ^ U S K Y; ARTIIUR L. SAiroUSKY; C E R T I F I C A T E; I, ARTHUR I“ SANDUSKY, hereby certify:; 1 . T h a t I an Chief of the Dccancnt Division of; the International Prosecution Section, G,H.Q; # ;;  S.C.A; f; P.,; and as such have ; p o s s e s s i o n , custody and control of original; or copies of all docmcnts obtained by the said Scction,; 2. That the following described L P . S . documents; wore anong documents rccGivcd \rf the International Prosecu-; tion Scction from the Secretary of State of the United; States as being true and corrcct photostatic reproductions; of the originnl documents, rrhich arc nciintaincd in tho files; of tho Socrctary of State. Washington, D.C,:; -C-D-E-F-G 1 -;  1111; 9 / / r; D ) H O A / 外 7 7 に; DOCUMENT 1 0ィ; PIAEI; Bern; Dated; Rocd.; February 4,1942; 2:ピ么p.m.; Secretary of State; 1 Wa^'nington; 398, fourtli,; •( A遮SIOrilNf IOTERESTS, JAPAN; \; Reference Departraent; T;  5 531;  f;  December 18. Swiss Minister,; Tokyo, telegraphs January 30 as follows "Japanese Government; lias informed me:;  f; first. Japan is strictly observing; Geneva Red Cross Convention as a signatory state. Second.; \ 一 — —; Although not bound by the Convention でPIA十づマ行; prisoners of war Japan -.Till ap,p.ly,.,rni]tati,s :autaiidi£; p r o、; is ions Of tliat Oonvent ion to Arn̂ -H p-ri nf—沪で __; its power.”; f; IIUDDLE; Serial #7; Pages 16-18; く; /作; D0CU1«1T 10 -D; MEV; ••LEUmiM BF.NT; PIAIN; February 1 4 , 1 9 4 2; AMEIilC^N LEGATION,; BERN.; RUSH; 446, fourteenth.; Please request the Swiss Governineiit to infona the Japanese; Government (1)that this Government has received disquieting; reports that there is being imposed upon /aoerican civilians in; areas ill the Philippines occupied "by the Japanese forces an; axtreitiely rigid, and harsh regime involving abuse and huraila-; tion; (2) that this Govornment desires to receive from tli©; Japanese Grovemment assurances wither that a thorough; investigation by tho appropriate Japanese authorites has; disclosed the incorrectness of these reports or that immediate; and effective steps have been token to remedy the situation; and to accord to Americans in the Philippines moderate treatnient; similar to that being extended by this Government to Japanese; nationals in its territory; (3) that this Govermosnt expects; that the same general principles with regard to the treatment; of eneny aliens, both detained ana at liberty, which are set; forth in its telegrams no. 331 pecembor 18th and no, 219,; January 26 th, and which this Gov eminent is applying In its; treatment of Japanese nationals oil Ainerican territory, will; be applied by the Japanese to American nationals on Jcpanes©; and Japanese-occupied territory; (4) that if assurances; cannot be given by the Japanese Governineiit that these priiiciples; Serial #7; Pages 16-18; DOCUMENT 10-D; 2-446, February 14, to Bern.; will be applied もne treatment of American nationals, not only; Japanese occupied territory in the Philippines but throughout; Japanese and Japanese-occupied territories lay be necessary; for this Government to reconsider its policy of according to; Japanese nationals on its territory the most liberal treatment con-; sistent with the national safety•; Please ask the Swiss Government if it is in a position to; send a representative to the Philippines or has a representative; available in the Philippines, to request perraission for a Swiss; representative to visit Japanese-occupied territory in the; Philippines in order to investigate the situation of Axnerican; nationals there*; Please icform the International Committee of the Red Cross; of the reports which this Govermaeixt has received regarding the; harsh treatment of American civilians in Japanese-occupied Philippine; territory and request it to endeavor to investigate the situation; in that territory. M r .嫩 r c Peter, representative in Washington; of the International Coriimittee of the Red Cross, has been informed; of this matter and has stated his intention of coimminicating with; the Coiaraittee by cable with regard to it.; HJLL; (SW); Serial #7; Pages 16-18; DOCUMENT 10-G; Plain; B&rn; Dated Februaiy 24,1942; Rec'd 7:23 p.m.; S E C R E T L Y OF ST^TE,; WilSHIHGT® •; 733, twenty-fourth.; g; IUVEEIC.IN INTERESTS,; Swiss Foreign Office note Fob rue ly 19 advises it called; attention Swiss Minister Tokyo to contradictions existing in; reports of treatment accorded Aiaericans in Japanese occupied; territory (see Legation; f; s 514, February 11)and Minister replied; by telogrcnn Februaiy 17 •; Minister states that he consulted with Swiss Charge d'Affaires; Shanghai regarding other representations to t>e made to Japanese; Govenmieiit. He then says "Ministry of Foreign “ffairs sent me new; note declaring Jニpail vrill apply on condition of reciprocity Geneva; Convention for treatment prisoners of war and civilian internees; in so far as coriVGiition shall bo applicable, and that thoy shall; not be forced to perfona labor against thoir will, /jriericaii; civilians detained in all Japcnoso territories number 134, condi-; tions applied to tliom are more favorable than co ntoraplated by; convention. Their provisioning in bread, butter, eggs, moat, heat-; ing oil, coal and fats assured by Japan. They can reccive from; outside gifts of food ana clothing. Despite inconvenience ^hich; arrangement presents Japan they are specially detained in vicinity; of residence of thoir families in order that latter can see t hem; iaoro easily.エnternoos are vi3itod from time to tixae by doctor and; sick persons can consult doctor from outside ani obtain admission; subsequently .to h03pitrd. They arc porraittcd to read papers, books; f; Serial #13; Pagec 28-30; DOCUMENT 10-E - 2 -; end listen to Jrpanosc radio and to go out subject to certciin; restrictions if they submit valid r e a s o n s . —; Minister continues that such statements must be vorif ied on; spot but thr.t he has not yot been able obtain roquested pomission; for regular visits by his special representative at Tokyo airl at; Yokohaiin. Promises are continually made. Upon two visits which; we're made to Tokyo and one to YokohPma internees did not complain; but gave rather impression of niental suffering. IvHinistor finally; adds for reports from other cities in Japan エ have again insisted; 让::七lay delegates bo allowed to verify internees living conditions; #; Until now I have had 110 particular information.ェ do not seo; necessarily any contradiction botwocn this situation and that; reported in China where the internees may be v/orse treated. Jo re ign; Ministry assures mo Japan will do all in its power to extend g) od; treatmont but is not in a position to offer standard of living; equal to thct of ^.incrican for conditions between two countries are; so difTeront. Japrjiose people are poor and contented with little from; which facts arise difficulties concerning treatment of foreign; internees. Regarding nonintcmed .jaericans situation good according; to their ovm statements, Assure .jaerican G-overnmciit that エ am; attentively following question both with Foreign Office and with ray; representatives; HUDDLE; Serial #8; Pages 19-21; DOCUMENT 10-F; PLaIN; Bern; Dated; Rec;  f; d; Ivferch 9 , 1 9 4 2; 6:30 p.m.; Secretary of State,; Washington •; 948, Ninth.; AMEHICAN INTERESTS, J7.PAN, TEEATMEKT AMERICA!© •; Legation's 514, February 12 and 733, February 24,; Sv/iss Legation Tokyo telegraphs !脑rch 2: "Re-; ferring to inforiaしtion cormaunicated my telegram. February 17 (see; Legations 733) Japanese Government denies that American citizens; are submitted to unfavorable treatm.ent• I reproduce in substance; following letter addressed to me by Minister Togo; 'American; citizens v/iioia you are endeavoring to protect enjoy proper treat-; ment as you have been able to judge from your visits. T3ie Govern-; meat is not in possession of corriplete details for all occupied; territories but an official of Japanese Consulate General Hong Prong; iias taken over Anerican Consulate General after fall of that; colony and lias done his best obtain as nBJiy facilities as possible; for American officials. Accordance their desire all American; personnel (consisting 13 persons) and 7 members American Embassy; were put together January 9 in two buildings chosen by ijnerican; Consul himself. Tliey have expressed their thanks for treatxnent; accorded. They are authorized go out twice weekly escorted by-; Japanese officials Their food sufficiently assured by Japanese; Array and all in good health• Adequate protection likewise accorded; other American citizens. In addition 26 members American Consulate; General Manila benefit same treatment as consuls all other countries;; Serial #10; Pages 23-25; DOCUMENT 10 -P ノグ/ノ; 2-948, m x c h 9, from Bern; they live in building belonging American citizen in Pasaynang; Howrood in suburbs Ifenila• They have also thanked Japanese; Consulate General for indulgent treatment given them and have; told us that they suffer no privation* Treatment given otlaer; iUfierican citizens oy Japanese uilitery authorities no less; — ^ — :— !~" : ••._.、•. •_ .._  ^_• ‘ ‘ ‘ • — ^ - . 4; indulgent in principle. Old people, mot lie rs of young children,; the sick and. pregnant women are not detained by military; authorities • App re liens ions Aiaeric an Government based on; information from unknown source ar^. citing no exact facts; are therefore without foundation. Japanese author it ies will; continue accord facilities to Svriss Minister for his visits; to interiinient cainps "; f;  •; Swiss Minister adds that concerning last point Uinister; Togo's letter authorities still create nevertheless difficulties; for visiting internraent camps, in particular causing delays for; visits of Swiss special representatives. Swiss Minister hopes; eventually obtain al?. necessary facilities•; HUDDLE; Serial #10; Pages 23-25; DOCUMENT 10-G; Plain; Wastiing-fcon; m x c h 1 9 , 1 9 4 2; A l E R I C M LEGaTICN; KEEN; 712, nineteenth.; Your 733, February 24, and 865, Mircii; A M E R I C A INTERESTS - JAPA1T; Please request the Swiss Govorniaent to inform the Japanese; Government (one) that tLe Govomnent of the United States has; taken note of the Japanese Government; T;  s declaration tir t it will; apply, on conilition of reciprocity, the Geneva Prisoners of War; Convention in the treatment of prisoners of war and, in so far as; the provisions of the Convent ion shall be applicable, in the treat-; ‘ ' • * * — — — —; ment cf civilian internees, and that the latter shall not te forced; to porfoiiii labor against their will, (two) that this Governnent did; not contQiaplate and has not imde use of the provisions of Article 27; of the Convent ion to compel JapaiBse civilians detained or interned; by it to labor against their wills, (three) tliat this Governrneiit is; preparing for presentation to the Japanese Governraent proposals for; the carrying out of the Geneva Prisoners of War and Red cross Conven-; tions and for the extension of applicable provisions of the Prisoners; of War Oonvention to civilian internees and temporary c etainees;; (four) that tlie following rations are provided for each Japanese; national detained by the Aiaerican authorities: in tejinporary custody; of the Departraent of Justice: Weight in pounds per day per individual:; Meats and fish, 0075 ;lard and cooking oils, 0.15; flour, starches ana; - 一 "; 1; cereals, 0.80; dairy products, 1.00; eggs 0.05; sugcir and syrup, 0.S5;; beverages (coffee or tea) 0.X0; potatoes and root vegetable s,1.00;; leafy green or yellow vegetables, 0#60; dried vegetables and nuts, 0.10;; Serial #12; Pagec 28-30; DOGUMSOT 10-G; - 2 -; fresh fruits and berries, 0.15; dried fruits, ••OS; miscellaneous; food adjuncts, 0; #; 015; spices, relishes and sauces, 0,10; Japanese; food, 0•06032; Interned in the custody of the;  ;r; ar Department:; Weight in ounces per day per individual: Eieat, 18^0; fresh eggs, one; each; dry vegetables and cereals, 2.6; fresh vegetables, 21.0;; fruit, 4»7; bever£ige3, coffee, 2,0; cocoa, 0.3 ; tea, 0.05; lard and; cooking fats, 1.28; butter, 2.0; milk, evaporated, 1#0; fresh, 8.0;; flour (vvheat)12.C; sugar and syrup, 5*5; iiiacaroni, 0.25; cheese,; spices, relisLes and sauccs, 0; #; 984; allowance is m d e in the; preparation of food for Japanese national and racial preferences; f; (five) that aotainees and internoos are penaitted to rcceive visits; from their friends ai3d relatives, aro regularly visited by doctors; and ore x.ospitalizea should their health require it, are permitted; to read novrspapers and books, and aro held in gonoral under condi-; tions no loss favorable thcin those wiiich the Japanese Govormaeiit; states are applied to American internees in its hands; (six) that; t.xis Government has Inforiaod the Spanish Embassy as the protecting; Power for JcparLGSQ interests in the United States, the Swedish; Legation as the protecting Power for Japanese intorosts iii Hawaii,; and the Delegate in the United Stctes of the International Rod Cross; that it wolcoxaos v is it 3 by representatives of thuir offices to all; of the places of detention of detained or interned Jo pair se nationals; in Aaaorioan hands and that reprosentatives of the Spanish Embassy have; already begun to visit such places in tho United States.; WELLES; Acting; Serial #12; Pages 28-30; DOCUMENT 10-H; TELEGRiil: SELTT; PLaIN; PD April 3 , 1 9 4 2; 腿 H I C A N IEO“TIOK; BEPN; 853, TMrdc; Your 1031,tliirtoonth and 1231 tv;cnty-sixth.; MjERIGM UITEKESTS - PHILIPPINES - Treatment American citizens.; Ploasc request the S^iss Govommont to inform the Japancse Govern-; ment •; (one) Tliat tho iuiicrican Govcrninont has taken note of the stateioieints; of the Japeneso Govomiaont rognrding the treatnent accordod /jaericaii; nationols in the Philippines,; (two) Tliat the /anorican GOTeriimont obtained the information; referred to in the Dopartmant; f;  s 446 of February fourteenth from various; sources,; (three) Th〔vfc the principal source of disquiet in connoction with; these reports is tte epparemt reluctance of the J-; _; pinese Govcrnraent to; perxait the appointneiit by the Ini^'rnntioiial Rod Cross Comittee of ail; approprirte ncutrr.l observer to act as the Coiiiraittee^s delegate in the; Philijjpines, and; (four} That the appcrent relucto.nce of the Jopanese G-oveimiacnt to; permit the appointment of a neutral Red Cross delegate in Hong Kong is; also a source of cons id ore bie disquiet in connection with reports; received froia various sources regarding the condition of American; oitizoiis at that place•; Please inform tlie Int-.rnational Red Cross Coimittee that you are; requesting the Sv/iss GovemiiiGnt to this coinnunication to the; Japanese GrOveriinient, convoy to the Committee this Govemraent*s thanks; for its efforts in connection with tho eppointnent of ei delegate in the; Philippines, and ask it to furnish you for tron amiss ion to the Department; Serial #13; Pages 31,32; DOCUl/M'iT 10-H; — 2 —; information regarciiug the preaont statu3 of the recu,-st vvhich; tiiis GoveitLrnent understands it has;  i:; xide for J paiBse peimission to; appoint a delegate in Hong Kong.; f E H E S; ACTH5G; (BL); 740.G0115ム R.cific 7/ar/52; SD:BG:LDL ?ェ FE I W H A-L; S.:.; r; rial #13; DOC'OT/EIW 10-ェ; TELEGRAM SEMT; PLAIN; my 2 1 , 1 9 4 2; AS; AHEEICiふT I£GATIOn,; BERN (SVaiSiJdAIffi).; HUSH; 1314; ALEiaCMI INTERESTS - SHANGHAI.; Your 2193, Fay 20, 5 p.ra.; Department is pleased that Legation has expressed to; Foreign Office appreciation for proupt action taken and desires; you add this Government's thanks and its hope that Swiss Minister; at Tokyo raay be able prevail迎on Japanese G-oveinmeiit promptly; to give effect to its commitments under Geneva Convent ion and; in addition to according proper treatment fulfill its obliga-; tions under Article 86 to permit visits of Inspection by Swiss; representatives. This G-ovenmient must insist on a basis of; reciprocity that Japanese Government take all necessary steps; to insure that military comruanders and other Japanese authorities; in outlying areas under Japane se control understand Japanese; Ooveiniiieiit; T;  s corniaitmeats respecting Geneva prisoners of war; ConveirDion ana apply its provisions to prisoners of war and |; , mmmM.-; civilian internees,; Swiss representative Shangliai should be requested to; report by telegraph names of arrested civilians and. obtain; assurances that all of tiiem will be included on first exchange; vessel in accordance with, exchange agreexaent with Japanese; Government•; HULL; (BL); SD••皿:OB A-I/B; Serial #14; Pages 53, 34; DOCUMENT 10-J; TELEGRAM SEOT?; /4U; MEM November 17,1942; Tiiis telegram must be paraphrased 9 p.m.; before beiiig caMunicated to anyone; other than a Govei^unental agency. (BR); AMEEICJ® LEGATION,; BSKN.; A-2567; There follows typical accounts of atrocities perpetrated by-; Japanese. 1; 1 . T w o nuns of liferist Catholic mission at Guadalcanal,; Solomon Islands, report that in August Japanese killed two; Catholic sisters and two priests, Arthur Duhaiael, American,; and another of Dutch nationality. Tlie priests were killed by; bayonetting tlirough the throat after being held prisoner for; three weeks•; 2. Japanese refused request of Father Leo J. Peloquin,; American, to be hospitalized at Heijo, Korea, for serious heart; ailiaent and forced him to leave without inedical care though; hospital and doctors available. Ho died at Kobe. His doctor; states that his heart would havo yielded to treatment had it; been permitted at H-ijo,; I 3. Wife of repatriated official reports that an American woman; at Cebu was raped by Japanese soldier in full view of husfcand and; childreii who were held powerless by other soldi ers •; 4. Repatriated responsible person states that two Belgian; priests described to him scenes that they had witnessed in; Philippine villages occupied by Japanese Array where Filipino women; and girls we?:e being openly violated in streets by troops.; 5» Repatriated 細 ericans have described in detail inhuman; conditions existing in Gendarmerie prison known as Bridge House in; Shanghai and kmy Prison in Peiping where they wore imprisoned.; Serial 0 0; Pages 68-71; DOCUMENT 10-J*; -2 Noveniber 17, 9 p . m” to Bern.; State tliey were forced to sit in craiaped position on floor, without; talking, throughout day in vennin-infested, unheated and over-; crowded cells ; at night thoy stretclaed out on floor and were; fortunate if they had a single thin blanket for covering; open; bucket or hole in floor only sanitary facility in cell; their; food was regular prison ration givciii ooriiiaon criminals and was far; below standard necessary to maintain health. Oue; 9;  Mr, Powell,; will "be peniiarient cripple in consequence of mis treatment received in; Bridge House and Kiangwan Military Prison. DUG to extreise cold both; his feet frozen and gangrene developed as result of lack of medical; care, necessitating amputation front half both feet. W-en imprisoned; in December he weighed 160 pounds but owing to malnutrition and; condition of feet he weighed only 70 pounds v/ben released for; repatriation in June,; 6. Three American missionaries repatriated from Korea have; furnished details of torture, inflicted upon each of them, ^ i o h; Japanese called;  w; water cure". .‘s rnany as thirty gallons of water; wore poured through opening at top of box ~hich fitted tightly; over head and neck until victim became unconscious. Aftervrards; victim beaten until he regained senses. Of these three Americans,; all ever sixty years of age, one who suffered this torture six times; collapsed during a beating and 池ile lying unconscious on floor; was kicked by gendarrao with such force that rib was broken. ;Then he; later reciuosted medical care gendarme struck him violent blow with; fist in saLie place. His worst beating included fifty to sixty; lashes ,;ith leather belting resulting in gashes on body half-inch; deep. Details supplied by other tuo substantially the same.; Witli regard to the authenticity of the accounts here recited, this; Government has medical and physical evidence of the injuries suffered; by Mr. Powell and the other accounts are based on reports received frctn; persons v/liose good fait]a this Government has no reason to doubt.; Serial p Q; Pages 68-71; SBI) T x;  / V; DOCUMENT 10 — K; PTAIN; HEL December 12,1942; AMERICAN LEGATION,; BEEN,; 2814, Twelfth; Request the Swiss Government to have its Minister in Tokyo; coxoraiiiiicate the following to the Japanese Government:; From American citizens repatriated from Japan and Japanese-; con trolled territories, tlie Gov eminent of the United States has; learned of instances of gross mistreatment suffered by American; civilians and prisoners of war ill the power of the Japanese; Government in violation of the undertaking of that Government; to apply the provisions of the Geneva Prisoners of War Convention; • — ‘ 1 一 - — 一- . — 丨.‘; of 1929 to American prisoners of war taken by Japanese forces; and, in so far as they may be adaptable to civilians, to American; civilain internees in Japan and Japanese-controlled territories, it; is evident tliat the Japanese G-overnment has failed "to fulfill its; undertaking in this regard and that sorne officers and agencies; of that Government have violated the principles of the Geneva; Convention in their treatment of certain American nationals not; only by positive nistreatLient but by failure to piovide for these; American nationals necessities of life th.^t should, in accordance; \r;ith the provisions of the Convention, be furnished by the holding; authorities. The Government of the United States therefore,; lodges wi"cn the Japanese Government a most eraphatic protest and; expects that tlie inhumane and uncivilized treatment accorded; American nationals, both civilians and prisoners of war, will be; uade a ioatter of iiimediate investigation and that the Japanese; Government will give assurances that treatment inconsistent; with the provisions and spirit of the Geneva Convention is not now; Serial力,(38; Pages 86-99 •; DOCUMENT 10-K; -2 #2814:, December 12, to B7JH; and v;ill not in the future bo inflicted upon Aiaerican nationals; detained, internod, or held as prisoners of war in Japan or; Japanese controlled territory. The Araericon Grovernraont also; expects tho Japanese Government to take necessary disciplinary; action with regard to agents or officers of that Government who; have inflicted iaistroatniGnt upon American nationals or v±io have; neglected their obligations to supply to i^nerican nationals in; tlioir care the necessities of life, which the Geneva Convention; provides shall be supplied.; There follows a statement citing cases of raistreataient of; iluierican nationals in Japanese hands :; A Civilians; Conditions in prisons and internmeiit camps•; ijaoricans incarcerated in jails v/ore furnished unhealthful; and inadequate rations of common criminals. Those interned were; supplied a ueager diet for v/Mch they were sometimes compelled to; pay, or they -jere given no food and had to provide their sustenance; under difficulties. This situation apparently still exists in; certain areas. It is in direct contrast to the treatrnent accorded; J"Gpaii6SQ subjects in United States who are provided hygienic; quarters ;7ith adequate space for individual needs, sufficiaat viiole-; soine food, in preparation of nhioh allowance is made for national; difforonces in taste, and in addition allowances of rooney or tobacco,; sweets and toiletries,; 1 . B r i d g e House. Shanghai.; More than fifty-throe iliiicrioans have been impriscned for; varying periods up to over six months in Gendarmerie prison,; Bridge House, where they were crowded into vcriain-infested cells; with coiaraon criminals, some of v/hom suffered from loathsome contagious; diseases. Sanitary facilities were primitive and inadequate, food; Serial #38; Pages 86-99; DOCUMENT 10-K:; -5 #2814, December 12, to Bern.; was far below standard necessary to m i n t a in Ilea 1th, no heat; was supplied from Docember to June and medical care was; virtually nonexistent. ; j n e r i c a n s vjotq compelled to sit by day; and to sleep by night, provided only with filthy and inadequate; blankets, oil cold floor. Tliey v/erc not alloned to converse with; each other or smokG at any time. outstani ing exaraplo of; effects incarceration this prison is condition J. B* Powell,池o; tlirough lack medioal attont ion doveloped gangrene and lost front; half of both feet.; 2.i^nny Prison^. Poi;oing.; Floyd F . SpieIman, E, E* ifcCann, C. J. Eskeline, J. B» Siieroood,; £• Z« Mills and P . H» Benedict were taken in handcuffs from Tientsin-; on Mircli11 to ム r m y Prison at Poiping, where c ondit iais were as bad; as those at Bridge House. During 89 days imprisoniaent their first; exercise was for five minutes aft or 37 days in cells. At one time; they went without bathing for 23 days and as result of unhaalthful; food and harsh treatmont thoy lost an average of forty pounds In; weight•; 5. Tsin^tao; Frank G. Keefe, Grady Cooper, Frank R . Hailing, Charles; Liebgold, C. J .施 y e r , N . H . Mills and H . J\ Zimmerman were ‘; confined in unlxoatod co碰on jail Tsingtao for period three weeks•; They v;ero forced to sleep on floors or benches without covering in; coldest winter months•; Fort Santiago, 1/^rAla.; Roy Bennett, Robert ^bbott, and other Americans are reported; to be imprisoned under barbarous conditions in Fort Santiago. They; were reported practically unrecognizable in June as result hardships; and mistreatiiient suffered. T-is GoverriiDent insists that they be; reloasod iniaediately ana recoive mo die al care.; Serial #38; Pages 86-99; D0GU1ENT 10-K; -4 #2814, December 12, to Bern.; 5. (O^iip Stanley^ rt Stanley, Hongkong^; ‘Luericans Hongkong were taken on January 4th and received; no food and very little v/ater during first foi'ty-eight hours. On; January 21 thoy wore placed in Fort Stanley, where they wero; forced to provide laost of their bedding and other necessitios.; Food given them ims insufficiont, araounting to nine hundred; calories dcily per person. Tliey were subjected to indignities; and insults by gendarmerie, and their faces v'cre frequently; slapped• P.esult ioalnutrition average loss v/eight among these; iritGniGes was thirty pounds•; 6» Santo Toinas._ Manila; wintericaxis at Santo Toma^ because of lack of prepara-; tion were forced to sleep on floors \;ithout mosquito nets; or covering for at least three nights before they uerc permitted; to obtain necessities from thoir houses, Tliey v/cre offered; choice of boii}g fed by holding authorities at cost of twenty-five; contavos per day or of feeding thomselves with, funds American; Red Cross had in Philippine National Bank. They v;ere refused; permission to use Red Cross funds for supploniQiiting food v/hich; holding authorities should have supplied and not being able to; exist on twonty-five centavos i^ero obliged to depend entirely oil; Red Cross funds to feed themselves. Tiiose funds may be exhausted; and this Govcminent is gravely concGriiod regarding the welfare of; tiiese internees.; 1 * Davao and other internment caia'os in the Philippines®; In Davao interned Americans were forced to perform hard labor; during first six weeks of intcrnLieiit. They wgib at first provided; 'with an inadequate ration of cornmeal and fish# In April they; were iiiforrded that tliey フ o u l d have to provide for their own sustenance; and would have to reimburse Jepanese authorities f o r the food; previously furnished.; Serial #38; Pages 86-99; DOCUMENT 10 — K; -5 #2814, December 12, to Bern; From information recoived conditions other intornrnent camps in; PhilippiriGS appear equally bad.; The Ĵiiericaix Government expects that the Japanese Governraerxt; will take inmediate steps to fulfill its undertaking to furnish; Cleric an nationals held by it with suitable and adequate housing; and sustenance under humane and Lygieaiic conditions.; エ エ 。 M s t r e a t n e i x t and Torture.; It Torture and physical violence.; Japanese authoritios have resorted to physical torture of American; nationals and nunercus of them were subjected to great nental torture; by be ing constantly threatened viith treatniGnt far worse ttiaii that; they were already suffering,; (a) Tlireo ;j:ierican missionaries in Korea were subjected to; if; 7/ater cure; 51;  and brutal beatings. In Keijo, R. 0. Reiner, aged; 一 -i— -; fifty-niiie, suffered tiiis torture six times during period May 1 to; I&iy 16. In one instance he collapsed from effect of blows and while; lying unconscious on floor vras kicked by gendarmerie employee named; Syo with such forcc that liis rib was broken. When he requested medical; attention and pointed to broken rib gendarroerie employee named Kim; struck him vicious blow directly over broken rib. On one occasion; Reiner waa given fifty or sixty lashes with rubber hose and pulley; belting making half inch doep cuts on his arms and legs, Edwin w«; Koons, aged sixty-two, suffered some torture Eyuzan Police Station; as did E. H . Miller, aged sixty nine,Yongsan police Station.; (b) Ii'i Ichang, Elsie W. Riebe and Walt or P . Morse were taken; v/ithout explanation to Japanese lie ad quarters where she was struck many; "times with baijiboo pole and he was beaten for two hours ^ith. iron rod; one-iialf inch tliiclc. These acts of cruelty uere comiitted in presence; of oom.landing officer of Japanese police in Ichang.; Serial力,(38; Pages 86-99 •; DOCUMENT 10 -K; ^ ^ I; -6 #2814, December 12, to Bern; (c) Joseph L.IfcSparren was arrested on December 8th at; YokotLaioa, bound with a rope and taken to Yokohama prison. During; liis iiiprisonment in dark unfurnished cell he had three hemorrhages; from duodenal ulcers, but was denied Liedical attontiorx despite; numerous requests. While undergoing questioning he collapsed; from internal hGP-iorrliagG and was unable to stand or walk without; assistance, yot ho was handcuffod as usual when returned to his; cell.; Miny /jaerican citizens woro kept in solitaiy conf inement; for periods ranging from a feu days to rnany weeks in cells, un-; heated rooms or othor equally unhoaltliful places, in soioo eases; deprived of all reading matter, and subjected to indignities from; tlieir guards. The following arc typical eases:; 1 . H . W. Mayors^ aged 70, raissionary in Jcpan since 1897,; after harsh trcatmont during nearly five noiiths in prison at Kobe,; was deprived of all books, and on Ifcy 1 put in solitary confinaacnt; at Osalca until his release for repatriation on June 7.; 2. William Iv^ckesy, solitary confinemeiit in one room of his; house at Tsu, Mie—ken, Japan, from December 10, to Mirch 3 0 , 1 9 4 2 .; 3. Mrs. Alice C. Grube, solitary confinement from December 25; 1941, to April 8 , 1 9 4 2 In unlie^ted room of Osaka prison.; 4. J* B. Talnadge, aged 57, solitary confinement in; common jail Koshu Decenbor 8 , 1 9 4 1 , to “pril 9; f;  1942.; 5. Edward “dams, in a comaon jail at Taikyu from December 8; to 28.; エエエ Deaths due to Mistreattaent and Negloct:; 1.Artjiur Dulaamel nissioncry iciest on Guadalcanal is; reliab3.y reported to have beon bayoncttod through throat by; Japanese soldiers aftor being held prisoner for three weeks•; 2. Leo Peloquin, aged fifty, requested hospitalization; Curistian hospital, Roijo, because of serious hoart ailucnt, but; Serial將3; Pages 36-99; DOCUMENT 10 — K; #2814:, D o c o m b c r 1 2 , bo Bcx-r;.; Japauese ruthorit ies refused pemission and forced his rwvux*xi; to Kangai v/ithout treatLient. He died at Kobe as result of; tliis neglect.; 3. Charles Liebgold, aged sixty-sovon, imprisoned in; unhoated jail at Tsingtao contracted cold which developed into; fatal attack of pneunonia•; 4 . George B . J&Farland, aged seventy, Bangkok, Thai land;  t; succumbed after an operation at Chulalongkorn Hospital In; Jfoy 1942. Orders issued by Japanese military authorities Bangkok; to police guards at this residence fatally delayed emergency; operation necessaiy to save his life•; The ijnerican Government expects that the JapaiB se Govern-; loeixt will take imediato steps to punish the persons guilty of; theso crimes against ^jierican nationals.; IV. Violation of Exchange 二greeraent:; 1 . T r a n s port at ion •; ajaerican nationals Tsingtao and Ciiofoo were required to pay; for passage to Shanghai. laternees who were forcod to pay their; fare to Yokohama frora Nagasaki were reimbursed only part of sum; erpended, ^ccomodations provided oil local vessels rrere in sono; cases v;orse than those furnislaed deck passengers.; Baggage limitation and search; Japanese authorities sorao aroas ruled tlmt Americans being"; repatriated might take only as mucli as tliey could carry themselves,; forcing many in Korea, Manchuria, Hongkong, and Thailand to leave; behind necessary clothing and. effects• Americans wore forced in; sorao cases to carry oxm baggage oven where there were available; porters xihom tliey uere prevented fron employing. Tlx is troatmont is; in contrast to that accorded Japanese subjects repatriated from the; United States who were penaittod to take alnost unlinited amounts; baggago v/'ith them.; Serial力,(38; Pages 86-99 •; DC'CU!腿 T 10-E; -8 #2814, December 1943 i;o Bern; was often searched three or four tines 2nd different; officials m d e inconsistent decisions as to wliat Americans could; take• Tlie effects of Ai'ierican officials from Korea v/er© searched; in violation of the agreement•; B. Piisoners of Jar•; Reports have beeu received of iiiiiuioan treatnent accorded; prisoners of war by the Japanese authorities wlxich is coriplately; inconsistent with the provisions and spirit of the Geneva Conven-; tion.; I. Philippines:; Ai-ierican and Filipino troops talrea at Bataan were forced; to iiHrcii ninety miles despite fatigue, sickness and wounds, to; ‘ ,; Camp 0;  f; Donnel near Tarlac. During march sick and wouiided dropped; by the roadside and were left witiiout ^Bdical care and when those; ;7I10 survived reached Car职 O'Donnel tliey were without food for; •buirty-siji: liours a m without shelter for three days, sick and well; equally erposed to the elaments. Japanese authorities roade no; effort to give nedical care to sick ana wounded ancl Arnerican and; Filipino nurses and doctors wlio TOluiiteered their services were; refused permission to enter caiiip. Death rate estii.iEted at twenty-five; ‘ 〜 • - - - ^ • ^ - “ — ” •一 ^ — " "; percent was the result of this neglect•; • ノ; Seven American cornnis&iaiied officrears ?/ere brou^it from Zsiaboanga; to Davao, mheve Japanese authorities forced tiia'a to work stripped; to the v/aist in a river bed, as a result of which tliey were severely; sunburned. Tiiey were given no xoeaica 1 atterition and only after; lapse of several days was Filipino doctor permitted to visit them.; Tiieir food was entirely insufficient, and Japanese w u l d not allow; Filipinos to suppleuent meager diet with gifts of food. These; officers and Filipino officers who were later confined with theia; Serial ^58; Pages Sb-99; DOCUMENT 10 — K; -9 #2814, December 12,- 1942 to B e m; were subjected to harsh treatment and indignities from their; Japanese guards.; This GoverciLaent must insist that tlie treatment of these; prisoners be In accordance with the provisions of the Geneva; Convention, that their names be reported and that representatives; of tiie Protecting Power be permitted access to them^; エ!:• Shangliai:; Tnis G-oYermnent again most eiapl'iatically protests the illegal; sentences imposed by a military court at Shangliai oil COLiijaiider S.; Cunningliaiii, U.S.N., Lieutenant Coinniander D- D- Smith, USlffi., and; Mr. N . J. Teeters for an atteiiipted escape from Woosuiig camp*; This G-ovcmmeiit also protests the mis treatment of four United; States Itorines, Corporals Stewart, Gerald Story, Briimner and; Battles, who after an unsuccessful attempt to escape from the; Woosuxig Yjcx prisoner camp wore imprisoned in tiB Bridge House at; Shaiigliai and later transferred to gendanaerie Western District; substation prison, 94 Jessefield Road, wliere they were subjected to; tiie so-called ^electric treatiaent" in violation of the p3D vis ions; of the G-eneva Convent ion regarding admis sable punisiuaents •; Tiiis Governaent insists that the sentences irapcs ed on; tiiese prisoners be canceled, that their puiiishmeiit be in accordance; with tiie Prisoners of War Convention and that their treatraent be in; accordance Tfitli tlieir rank.; In presenting the foregoing textually to the Japanese; GoveriXLient, it is requested the.t the Swiss Minister in Tokyo; be asked to point out that the Airiericail Government has endbavored; to fulfill in QYery respect its undertakings under its reciprocal; agreer/ient with Japan to apply tlie principles of the Geneva Conven-; tioii to prisoners of war and civilian internees and that in; evidence of its desire to do so, it has welcomed anil continues to; welcome the cooperation of t-ie Protecting Power for Japanese; Serial力,(38; Pages 86-99 •; DOCUMENT 10-K; -10 #2814, December 12, to Born.; interests, as v;ell as of the Inte:mai:io:ial Red Cross Coromittee,; whose representatives are admitted to all places in American; territory where Japanese subjects are held. Tiie Ifinister should; further point out that tiiis Government Las always been and; continues to be willing to investigate all complaints received; by it from Japanese subjects held by it or from the Japanese; Goveniment and. that it has welcowed and continues to welcome the; cooperation of the Protecting Power for Japanese interests in; such investigations.; Aslc that in this coimection the Minister be authorized to; request on behalf of the Swiss Government, as tiie Protecting; Power for American interests in Japan and Japanese controlled; territory, like cooperation from the Japanese Government. ,; HILL; Serial #38; Pages 86-92; DOCUMENT 10-L; TELEGRAM SOT?; MAIN; April 5 , 1 9 4 3; AMERICAN ISGATI01I.; BERN.; 889; Please request the Swiss Gov eminent to have its Minister; at Tokyo deliver verbatim the following statement to the; Japanese Government from the Govermaent of the United States •; Tiie Gov eminent of the United States has received the reply; of the Japanese Government conveyed under date of February 17,; 1943, to the Swiss Minister at Tokyo to the inquiry made by the; Minister oil behalf of the Governiiierit of the United States concern-; ing the correctness of reports broadcast by Japanese radio; stations that the Japanese authorities intended to try before; military tribunals Araerican prisoners of war, for military; • — 一 — • — *; operations, and to impose upon them severe penalties including; ren the death penalty,; — — " " “ ” - ’; The Japanese Government states that it has tried the members; of the crews of American planes who fell into Japanese ha M s after; ttui raid on Japen on A p r i l 1 8 last, that they were sentenced to; death and that, following comutat_ion^of the sentence for the; larger nirnber of them, the sentence of death was applied to certain; 一 . — 一 . — .; of the accused.; The Government of the United States lias subsecLuently been; informed of the refusal of the Japanese Government to treat the; reriiaining Aiaerican aviators as prisoners of war, to divulge their; names, to state the sentences imposed upon them, or to permit visits; '; to them by the Swiss Minister as representative of the protecting; Power for American interests.; Serial;  7; f56; Pages 137-142; DOCUMENT 30-L; -2 #889, April 5, to Berru; Tlie Japanese Govurn^ent alleges that it he.s subjected the; American aviators to this treatmoit because they intentionally; bombed non-military installations and deliberately fired on; civilians, and that the aviators admitted these acts.; The Government of the United States informs the Japanese; Government that instructions to Anerican aimed forces have always; ordered those forces to direct their attacks upon militrry; objectives., The Araerican forces participating in the attack on; Japan had such instructions and it is known that t.hey d id not; deviate thorefrora. Tlie Government of the United States brands as; false the charce that American aviators intentionally have attacked; non-combatants anywliere_; With regard to the allegation of tlie Japanese Government that; the Aiaerican aviators admitted tiie acts of which the Japanese; Govermaent accuses theiii, the re are numerous known instances in; which. Japanese official agencies have employed brutal and bestial; methods in extorting alleged confessions from persons in their; jpoiver. It is customary for those agencies to use statoments; obtained under torture, or alleged statements, in proceedings; against the victims; 0; If tho admissions alleged by tlie Japanese Government to have; been rflLide "by the American aviators were in fact made, they could; only have been extorted fabrications.; Moreover, the Japanese Govornmeiit entered into a solemn; obligation by agreexiBiit v/ith the Government of the United States; to observe tjb.6 terms of tho Geneva Prisoners of War Convention#; Article 1 of that Convention provides for treatment as prisoners of war; of members of a m i e s and of persons capturod in tho course of military; operations at sea or In the air. Article 60 provides that upon the; Serial #56; Pages 137-142; DOOmEUH 10-L; -3 #889, April 5, to Bern.; opariing of a judicial proceeding directed against a prisoner of; war, the representative of the protecting Power shall be given; not ice there of at least throe weeks prior to the trial and of the; names and charges against the prisoners who are to be tried.; Article 61 provides that no prisoners raay be obliged to admit himself; guilty of the act of which he is accused. Article 62 provides that; the accused shall have the assistance of qualified counsel of his; choice m d thrt a representative of the protecting power shall be; pemiitted to attend the trie.l. Article 65 provides that sentence; pronounced against tlie prisoners shall be coroiiiunicated to the; protecting Powor limnedietely. Article 66 provides, in the event; thr.t the death penalty is pronounced, that the details as to the; nature and circumstances of tlie offense shall be comcaunicated to; the protecting Power, for transmission to the Power in whose; forces the prisoner served, and that the sentence shall not be; executed before the expiration of a period cf at least three; months after such coLimanicatiori.,The Japanese Government has not; coiirpliGd with any of these p r o v i o n s of tlie Contention in its; treatment of the captuxod Arnoi'ican aviators.; Tho Govuniiiiont of the United States culis aこ;n_in upon tiio; Japanese Govしrnment to carry out its agreement to observe the; provisions of the Convention by coxnmunicating to the Swiss Minister; at Tokyo the charges and sentences imposed upon the Araerican; aviators by permitting the Swiss representative to visit those; now held in prison, by restoring to those aviators the full; rights to which they are entitled under the Prisoners of war; Convontion, and by informing the Minister of tlie names and; disposition or place of burial of tlio bodies of any of the; aviators against whom sentence of death has been carried out.; Serial #56; Pages 137-142; DOOT 腿 T 10-L; -4 佘 8 8 9 , April 5, to Bern.; If, as would appear from its cormn.unice.tion under reference.; the Japanese GoveriUiiont has descended to such acts of barbarity; aiid manifestations of depravity as to murder in cold blood; uniformed members of tho American aimed forces made prisoners; as an ln.cident of warfare, tlio American Govormnent uill hold per-; sonally and officially responsible for those deliberate; J> 3 I M; crimes all of tho^e officers of the Japanese Government d̂io; have participated in their conEnitment and v;ill in due course; -- — — ‘ — — — •——— 11 -一; bring those officers to justice.; The American Govemjiieiit elso solemnly w a m s the Japanese; Governiaent that for any other violations of its undertakings as; regards American prisoners of war or for any other acts of; criiainal barbarity inflictod upon Azaerican prisoners in violation; of tho rules of warfare accepted and practiced by civilized nations; as military operations now in progress draw to their inexorable; and inevitable conclusion, tho American Govornmunt will visit upon'; — ^ ^; the officers of the Ja pa no so Govoiin-ien^ r espoixs ib le for such; uncivilized and inhumrjie acto the punishment they deserve. IIULL; Serial #5ら; Pages 13〜142; DOCUMENT 10-M; Department P IAIN; US URGENT; A M E R I C A N L E G A T I O N ,; BERN,; 275, Twenty-s eventh•; 厂 AMERICAN MTERESTS _ JAPAN; T .ere are recited in the following numbered sections, tiie; numbers of which correspond to tlie numbered charges in the Depart-; ment;  1; 3 urgent telegram of even date, examples of some of the; specific incidents upon which this Government bases the charges; made by it against the Japanese Government in the telegram under; reference. The specific incidents hav^e been selected from the; numerous ones that have been reported from many reliable sources; to this G'->veinraent. Ask the Swiss Government to forward this; statement textually to its Minister in Tokyo w ith the request that; he present it to the Japanese Government simultaneously with the; telegram under reference and. that he call upon Hie Japanese C3overn-; ment promptly to rectify all existing derelictions and take such; further steps as will preclude their recurrence*; The Minister should further seek for himself or his representa-; tives permission^ ill accordance with Article 86 of the Convention,; to visit such place without exception where American nationals are; detained and request of the Japanese Government the amelioration of; any improper conditions that he may find to exist,; TIIQ Swiss Minister in Tokyo should be particularly asked to; report promptly and fully all stops taken by the Japanese Governmont; in confonaity with the foregoing.; Charges I and II. Prisoner of war and civilian intornrnent camps; in the Philippines, French Indochina, Thailand, Manchuria, Burma書; Serial #65; pages 180-194; DOCUMENT 10-. M; - 2 -; Ifelaya, and the Dutch East Indies, and prisoner of war camp no» 1; in Formosa liave never been visited by Swiss representatives although; they have repeatedly requested permission to roako such visits.; None of these camps except the one at Mukden are known to have; been visited by International Red Cross representatives. In; • ' ___ — —; recent months visits have not been allowed to the prisoner of; war camps near Tokyo ami: Yokohama, ani the prisoner of war camps; in and near Hong Kong, although the Swiss representatives have; requested peimission to Liake such visits.; The value of such few visits as have boon permitted to some; caiaps has been minimized by restrictions. Swiss representatives; at Shanghai have been closely escorted by several representatives; of the Japanese Consulate General at Shanghai during their visits; to camps and have not been allowed to see all Darts of caiaps or; to have free discussion with the inteniees. Similar situations; prevail with respect to the civilian internment caiaps and prisoner; of war car^s in metropolitan Japan and Fonnosa^; By contrast, all of the camps, stations and centers v;here; Japanese nationals are held by the United States have been; repeatedly visited and. fully Inspected by representatives of Spain; and Sweden who have spoken at longth without witnesses 57ith the; inmates, and xntornational Rod Cross representatives havo been and; are being allowed freely to visit the camps in the United States; and Hawaii whore Japanese nationals are held*; Cixarge エエ1參 Consnunications addressed by the persons hold to; the protecting Power concerning c end it ions of captivity in several; of tho civilian canips near Shanghai, among them Ash Caiap and Cliapei,; roiiiain undelivered• The samo situation exists with respect to the; civilian internment carap in Baguio, and in most if not all of tho; Serial #65,; Pages 180-194; doculejt 10-M; - 3 -; camps where Aiaorican prisoners of war are hold. Persons held; at Bagnio, Ctiefoo, Saigon, and at times in the Philippine prisoner; of war camps were denied pormission to address the camp canuiandor•; Charge IV• On one occasion during the summer of 1943 all of; the persons held at the Columbia Country Club, Shanghai, wero; punished by cancellation of dental appointments because complaints; v/ere made to repros©ntatives of the Swiss Consulate General. During; tho same period, at Camp B, Yangcliow, tho out ire camp was deprived; of a meal by the Canip Commandant because complaints had been made; concerning the delivery of spoiled food.; There are cited under Section XVIII below, cases of prisoners; of war being struck because they asked for food or water•; Charge Y. Civilian internees at Hong Kong have gone without; footwear and civilian internees at Kobe have suffered from lack of; warm cloth ing. In 1942 and 1943, American and Filipino prisoners; of war in the Philippines and civilian internees at Baguio were; forced to labor without shoes and clad only in loin cloths.; Charge V I . This is reported to- have been the case at the; following camps: prisoner of wsr camps in the Philippine Islands,; prisoner of war enclosures at Lferiveles Bay, Philippine Islands,; civilian internment camps at Baguio, Canton, Chefoo, Peking,; liinila, Tsingtao, Weihsien, and Yongcliow, and at the 八sh Camp,; Chapei Camp, Lunghwa Cairp, and Pootxuig Camp, in or near Shanghai.; The articles most needed toy tho prisoners and internees have been; taken. For example, Japanese soldiers took the shoes from an; American officer prisoner of war uho was forced to walk unshod; from Bataan to San Fernacdo during the inarch which began about; A p r i l 1 0 , 1 9 4 2 . Although the prisoners constantly suffered from; lack of drinking water cantoens were taken from prisoners during; this imrch; one of these victims was Lieutenant Colonel William B^; Byoss.; Serial #65,; Pages 180-194; DOCUMENT 10-M; At Corregiaor a Japanese soldic-r was seen by Lieutenant; Oocaiiander M3lvyn H.1ぬGoy VJith one arm covered frcm elbow to; wrist and the other arm half covered with wrist watchcs takon from; Araoricon and Filipino prisoners of TTar.; 厂i VII. Aiaorican prisoners of i^ar in Ifenila were‘ forced; by Japanese soldiers to allow therasclTes to be photographed operating; captured American military equipment in connection with tho produc-; tion of the Japanese propaganda filia "Rip down the Stars and Stripes.; Prisoners of war from Gorregidor being taken to Itoiila were; not la Died at the port of Manila but were unloaded outside the; city and were forced to marcli through the entire city to Bilibid; Prison about May 2 3 , 1 9 4 2 •; Japanese school children, soldiers, and civilians have been; admitted to internment camps and encouraged to satisfy curiosity; regarding the persons held. Such tours were conducted at Baguio,; g ICong and Tsingtao,; Chaise Deficiency diseases such as beriberi, pellagra,; scurvy, sprue, et cetera, are comaon throughout Japanese internment; camps • These diseases are least comnon in the civilian int eminent; caries (called assembly centers) at Shanghai and in some other; camps where the persons held have but recently been taken into; custody or where trade by the internees themselves with outside; private suppliers is allowed. It appears therefore that the great; prevalence of deficiency diseases in prisoner of war camps where in-; ternees tiave been solely dependent upon the Japanese authorities for; their food supply over an extended period is directly due to the; callous failure of these authorities to utilize the possibilities; for a health sustaining diet afforded by available local products•; The responsibility for much of the suffering and many of the deaths; Serial #65; pages 180-194; DOCUMENT 10-. M; - 5 -; from these diseases of A -erican and Filipino prisoners of war rests; directly upon the Japanese autlioritios. As a specific exaiiple,; prisoners of war at E.ivao Penal Colony suffering from grave; vitamin deficiencies could see from their camp trees bearing; citrus fruit that they were riot allowed to pluck• They were not; oven allowed to retrieve leiaons seen floating by oil a stream; that runs through the camp»; Charge TX» For example, in the prisoner of war camps at; Hong Kong, the profits of the canteens have not been used by; the holding authorities for the benefit of the prisoners•; Charge Z . At Baguio civilian internees have been forced to; repair sawmill machinery without ronuneration.; Officer prisoners of war have been compelled by Major Mida,; the Gamp Coimandant at Davao Penal Colony, to p e r f o m all kinds; of labor including menial tasks such as scrubbing floors, cleaning; latrines used by Japanese troops and working in tlie kitchens of; Japanese officers.; Ciiarge XI. American engineers were required to go to; Corregidor in July 1942 to assist in rebuild ing the military; installations on that island, the prisoners of war have been; worked in a machine tool shop in the arsenal at MUkderu; Charge XII• The condition of health of prisoners of war; in the Philippine Islands is deplorable. At San Fernando in; April 1942, Aiaerican and Filipino prisoners were held in a barbed-; wire enclosure so overcrowded that sleep and rest were impossible.; So many of them wore sick ani so little care was given to the sick; that iiuman excrement covered the whole area. Tlie cmclosure of; San Fernando was more tlian 100 kilometers from Bataan and the; abomnable treatment given to the prisoners there cannot be; Serial #65,; Pages 180-194; 1丨::产 M; - 6 -; explained by battle conditions. The prisoners were forced to; walk this distance in soven days under nerciloss driving. M m y; who were unable to keep up vritti tho march were shot or bayoneted; by the guards. During this journey as well as at other times; when prisoners of war were inovod in tho Philippine Islands, they; were assembled in the open sun even xvhen the detaining authorities; could liave allowed them to assemble in the shade. American and; t; Filipino prisoners are known to liavo been buried alive along; the roadsiae and persistent reports have been rDCeived of men; who tried to rise from their graves but wore beaten down with; " "; snoVels ana bur1ea alive.; At Caiap C'DOIUIGII conditions were so bad that 2,200 American; and irjore than 20,000 Filipinos are reliably reported to have; died in the first few iaonths of their detent ion. There is no; doubt that a large nuniber of these deaths could have been p rev en tod; had tlie Japanese authorities provided minimum medical care for the; prisoners• Tho so-called hospital there was absolutely inadequate; to meet the situation. Prisoners of we.r lay sick and naked oil; the floor, receiving no attention and too sick to move from thoir; own excrenent. The hospital was so overcrowded that Americans were; laid on the ground outside in the heat of the blazing sun« TJie; American doctors in the camp were given no medicine, and even had; no viator to VTasii the huraaii waste from tho bodies of the patients.; 跡entually, v.iien quinine was issued, there v/as only enough properly; to ta; r; ce care of ten cases of rralaria, while thousands of prisoners; 、 一 ; : : -; were suffering from tho disease. Over two hundred out of three; hundred prisoners from Canp O'Donnoll died while they wero on v;ork; detail in Batangas#; At Cabanatuan there was no raedicine for the treatment of malaria; until after the prisoners has been in the cciap for five months; #; Serial ;/65; Pages 180-194; DOCUIvIiro 1。一:M; Tlie first shipmont of medicines from tho Philippino Eed Cross uas; held up by the camp authorities on tlie pretext that thoy must make; an inventory of the shipment. This tlioy were so dilatory in doing; that roaiiy deaths occurred before the medicine was released. Because; of lack of medicines and food, scurvy broke out in the camp in the; Fall of 1942. Sinco tho prisoners liad been at tho camp for sone; months before this disease bccauie prevalent tho responsibility for; it rests upon the detaining authorities.; It is reported that in tho autumn of 1943 fifty per cent of; the Araerican prisoners of war at Davao had a poor chance to live; and that the detaining authorities had again cut ttLe prisoners; food ration and liad withdraw all medical at tent ion.; Though the medical care provided for civilian internees by; the Japanese camp authorities appears to tiavo been better than; that provided for prisoners of war, it still does not meet the; obligations placed on tho holding authorities by their Goveriunent • s; own free undertaking and by the lav/s of liuiaanity. At the civilian; interrmient caiap Carap John Hay, cliildbirtli took place on the floor; of a sLiall store room;  0;  At the sarno caiap a female internee who was; insano and 池ose presence \ia3 a danger to the other internees vms; not removed from the camp. A dentist wlio was interned at the camp; was not permitted to bring his oim equipment. The Los Banos Carap; v;as ostablished at a recognized endemic center of malaria, yet; quinino was not provided, and the internees were not allowed to go; outside of the fence to take anti-ioalarial measures.; Th^ Japanese authorities have not provided sufficient medical; care for the American civilians held, in camps in and near Slianghai; and the internees liave themselves iic.d to pay for hospitalization and; medical treatiiieiit • Deaths directly traceable to inedequcate care have; occurred.; Serial #65; Pages 180-194; DOCUMCKT 10-4]; - 8 —; Even in iaetropolitan Japan, the Japanese authorities have; failed to provide medical treatioent for civilian internees, and; it has boen necessary for Aiiiericans hcli at L^; r; oshi, Yc~.makita; 3; and Sumire to pay for tlieir own medical and dental care.; Charge XIV. For example the internees at C m p John Hay were; ニot ollojed to hold religious services during the first several; months of the caiap's operation, and priests have not been allowed; to minister to prisoners held by the Japanese in Fronch Indochina,; Charge XV*. No copy of an E -glisli translation of tho text of; the Geneva Prisoners of War CPnvoirfcion has beon available to; civilian internees or prisoners of war nor have the Japanese; authorities taken other steps to infoira the persons held of; their rights under the tenns of tho Convention. R:/ports havo boen; receivod of the J paneso authorities informing prisoners of war; txiot they were captives having 110 rights under intornational law; or treaty.; Chcrge XVI• At Camp 0; T; Donnell inany of tlie men had to live; without shelter during 194S. In one case twenty throo officers; were assigned to a shack, fourtoen by tvrenty feet in size。 Drinking; water TTTS oxtremely scarce, it being necessary to stand in line; six to ten hours to got a drink. Officers had no both for tho; first thirty five days in tho camp and had but one gallon of water; each, in irhicli to have tlieir first baths after that do lay • Tlio; kitchen equipment consisted of cauldrons and a fifty five gallon; drum. Caiaotes were cooked in the cauldrons, mashed viith a piece of; timber, and each, man was served one spoonful as his rat ion •; In late October 1S42, approxiroately 970 prisoners of war; were transferred from tte l^nila area to tho Davao Penal Colony; oil a transport vessel providing only twenty inches per men of; Serial #65; Pages 180-194; DOCUMENT 10-jj; - 9 -; sleeping space. C o m it ions on the vossel were so bad that two; deaths occurred, end subseciuently because of weakness soroe; fifty percent of tho prisoners fell by the roadsido on tlio; inarcli from the water front at Lasang, Davao to tLe penal Colony; t; The places used by tiio Japanese authorities for the intern-; ment of American civilians in the Philippine Islands \;ore inadequate; for the niiraber of porsoris interned. At tlie Brent School at Baguio,; twenty to thirty civilians were assigned sleeping accoinraodations in; a roora T^hicli had been intended for the use of one person.; At the Columbia Country Club at Shanghai the internees were; obliged to spend CRB $10,000 of their own funds to have a building; deloused so that they might use it for a needed doiitiitary# At; yifeihsien no (repeat no) refrigeration equipment uas furnished by; the Japanese authorities and some of the few household refrigerators; of the internees were talcen from them ond were used by the Japanese; guards, with tho result that food spoiled during the swrner of 1943.; Tlie lack of sanitary facilities is reported from all of these camps•; Cliarge XVII. American personnel have suffered death and; imprisonment for participation in military operations. Death and; long-tona imprisoii'.,ieiit have be en imposed for attempts to escape for; which the maximum penalty under the G-eneva Convention is thirty days; arrest. Neither the American Government nor its protecting Power has; been infoimed in the manner provided by the Convention of these eases; or of many other instances when Amoricaiis were subjected to illegal; punishment• Specific instances are cited under ttE next charge•; Charge XVIエエ• Prisoners of war who were narched from Bataan; to San Fernando in April 1942 wotq brutally treated by Japanese; guards• The guards clubbed prisoners ^ho tried to get uater, end; one prisoner \?as hit on the head with a club f or helping a fellow; Serial #65; Pages 180-194; DOCUMENT 10-!!; - 1 0 -; prisoner who bad been knocked do^n by r. Japanese am^r truck. A; colonel wlio pointed to a can of salnon by the s ido of the rood and; asked for food for the prisoners was struck on tlio side of his lie ad; xrith the can by a Japanese officer. Tiie colonel*s face v:es cut; open, Anotlier colonel who had found a sympa tlie tic Filipino rrith a; cart was iiorsewhipped in the face for trying to give transportation; —“; to persons unable to walk:. At Lubao a Filipino who had been run —; through ana gutted by tlie Japanese uas hung over a barbed-Triro; t Colonel was killed by a Japanese as; "lie broke ranks to get a drink at a streara«; Jaj)anese sentries used rifle butts and bayonets indiscrinlnately; in forcing ezliausted prisoners of war to keep novlng on the marcli; froia the Cabanatuan reilroad stat ion to Caiap No• 2 in late May 1942.; At Cabanatuan LiGirtenc.nt Colonels Lloyd Biggs and Hor,ard Breitung; cind Lieutenant E, D. Gilbert, attempting to escape during Septombor; 1942 x/ere severely beat oil about the legs and feet and then taken out; of the ccinp e.nd tied to posts, were stripped and ivore kept tied up; for two dcjrs. Their hands xieve tied behind their backs to tlie; posts so tliat they could not sit Passing Filipinos were; forced to "beat tliem in the face v/ith clubs. No food or water was; given them. Aftor two days of tortur-o thoy were taken aviaj and,; according to the statements of Japanese guards, thoy v;er6 killed;; one of tlx em by docapitation. Otlior Araer icans v;ere similarly; tortured anxi shot without trial at Cabanatuan in June or July 1942; because thqy Giideavorod to bring food into tlie carap. After being; tied to a fence post inside the carap for two days thoy v/ere sliot«; At Cabanatuan during the suinoior of 1942 tie following incidents; occurred: A Japanese sentry beat a private so brutally Fitlx c. shovel; across tlie back and the tiiigh tliat it was necessary to send, him to; the hospital, another iinioricm was crippled for months after his; Serial #65; Pages 180-194; DOCULEIFT 10-. U; - 1 1 -; anklo was struck by a stono thrown by a JapcnesG. Ono Japanese 、; sentry used the shaft of a golf club to beat ;jaer ic an p ris o n o j ^; and two .cOiiGricons, caught v/hile obtaining food frara Filipinos,; were beaten uniaercifully on the faco and body. An officor nas; struck bciiiiid the ear \?itli a riding crop by a Japanese interpreter.; TIIG saiiio officer was again beatoii at Davao Penal Colony and is; 110suffering fron partial paralysis of the left side as the; result of these beatings. Enlisted men who attonptcd to escape; v»rere boaten and pub to hard labor in chains.; ム t tho Davao Ponal Colony, about A p r i l 1 , 1 9 4 3 , Sergeant McFee; was shot and killed by a Japanese guard after c a t c M n g a canteen full; of water T7h.icli had been throvjn to him by another prisoner on tho; opposite side of a fence• Tlie Japanese authorities atteiapted to; explain tiiis shooting as an effort to prevent escape. HQv/evor; ?;  the —; guard shot the sfi-p^anf, imrorn I I mi. . 11n l'7 in !s adition, sHot ilLto~; the "barrack on the opposite side of the fonce toward the prisoner uho; liad tiirovuii tlie canteen, ^t about tlie sarae tirae and ple.co an officer"; — 一 ‘ —; returning fron a uork detail triad to bring some sugarcane for tlie; T " - 一 一 一; nen in tlae hospital. For this he xics tied to a stake for tuenty-four; hours and severely beaten.; In the internment caiap at Baguio a boy of sixteun was knocked; do\m by a Japanese guard for talking to an internee girl, and ail; elderly interneo was struck with a vjhip when he failed to rise; rapidly from his chcir at the approach of a Japanese officer.; I.£r. Gray died at Baguio oil I^irch 14,1942 after being beaten; and given the water cure by police authorities.; At Santo T o m s , Mr, IDrogstadt died in a militaiy prison after; being corporally punished for liis attempted escape«; H J L L; Serial #65; Pages 180-194; jr> * D o c , N o , 1 0 - M; I F I C A T E; I , H-VT/ISHエ K A O n U , h e r e b y c e r t i f y tint I -r o f f i c i a l l y; c o n n c c t c d w i t h the Jつ.oinGS..: G o v c r n r ~ n t ts Chic f of th'; A r c h i v e s S r c t i o n , J i m n c s c Foreign Of ̂ ic - , -nd thnt -is; such off j ci-^1 I h::vr custody of ナ . h : l e t t e r ぺ 乂 こ d 5 F- brr.?.T>y; 1944- sent b y th<. Sv-iss M i n i s t e r to F o r e i g n :-‘!-i.nistrr; Shigf.nt.su.; thマt th<- s二id l ' ttrr qi otcd nnd r' n r o d u c o d; Chirgrs I to XVIII of the .〜ru.ric:飞n Governmont Note; identified マs I°S Document. N o; r;  10-i-f, -rhich qvotiti on starts; .f^pr tn.gr 13 of tho letter o.nd. ends on nig . 32; P; ...; /s/ K; r; . Koynshi; 3^'gmturc of Official; (SEAL); Cf ̂ ici CTI^ICI"'y; Signed at TOKY" on this; 2nd of D. cr> her, 1946; Witness; /s/ T. Sato; St^t- rr^nt of Officべつ-1 °roour"n.-nt; I, JOHN A. CURTIS, hereby crrti^y th^.t I ^ nssoci^.tcd; •"'ith the General H c i d q u i r t - T S of th" Cunrrin' Cor-'-ind''r for th•:; i]li「:d ôvfr.rs,ind that th.- ->.bov.: c^rtif-'.eition ワ.,.s obtained by; rrc fror thr。.bov; r;  si^n'd officiil of t.h,— J^.tnnoso Gove rnn; ;,; nt.; in th;: conduct of my official busin.'-ss,; ^ignrd ?.t "okyo bn this; .. /s/ Jr Curtis; 2d c、y of Doc, ^brr, 194-6,; Witness ; /s/ Niori T^lcr . I n v stiRitor I^S; Official C ^ - c i t y; V; ノ /抄; DOCUI®IT 10-K; H A顶; June 2 1 , 1 9 4 4; AlfiBGATIOH,; BEHT.; 2115, twenty-first; A L E R I謹 H.TEEE3TS - JAPAN; Rec; L; uest the Swiss Gov eminent to express to Oorgo the; thaiilcs of the United States Government for having pointed out; to the Japan:し‘se Government that Japan fs advorsaries naturally7"; conclude from its porsistont refusal to p e m i t Swiss representa-; tives to vis it camps in Japsncse-occupied territoiy that; conditions prevailing in tiie unvisitod coiaps are not as they; should be.; The Govermx-nt of the United Stctos has noted with interest; 31aigemitsu; ?; s statement that he is caadeavoring to bring about an; improvement in the conditions undex which American nationals; are held in Japan aiad Japanese-occupiod territories, end that; tho quest ion of peiiiiitting visits to camps in oecupiod; territories is boiiog given consideration. Noto has also been; taken of Slxigeiaitsu^ charactorization of tiie role as o of; reports of ttie negloct and cruel treatment of A f r i c a n s in; Jopancse custody as aii atrocity canpciiga intended to discredit; Japan.; Tiic Oovoiniocnt of tlio Unitod States oiaphasizos, ond desires; Gorgo so to irifom the- Japanese aoveramc-nt, the published; reports to which Saigeiaitsu objects arc accounts of the sufferings; of iiinoricaii nationals in camps in Japane so -oc c upiod "territories; tiict caiiic into tiic xionds of A u r i c s n GovominGiit Qgoncies from; reliable sources. To end the publiccition of such aecouiits Japan has; only to rejjove tlie conditions giving rise to such accounts and permit; 3v;iss roprosontatives so to iiifona the United States G o v e m m o n t .; Serial #79; Pages 24.4-24-7; DOCTT7X7T 10-11; 2- 2115, twenty-first, to Born.; Tiie GovoiniTient of tiio United ^tc.tc3 is obliged to inform; its citizens of tiie condition of its nationals in e n o w custody.; T'iie continued refusals of tlio J:;.pcinese Govomment to permit; visits by roprosentativos of the Protecting Power to cornjE in; Japanosc-occupiGd torritorios leads returally to tlio conclusion; that conditions in these areas c ont inuc to rem in ixnsQtisfaotory; and such as to roake Japan ashaitied to have thooi observed by neutrals.; In giving reality to its nuioorous professions of its iiitont; い; to app2y humanitarian cons idorations in its trertment of prisonors; U; of war END civilicn internGGS AND in lacking the iiaprovenionts; pioiaisod by Shigonitsu, the Japaneso Govorniasnt has at its ccmmnd; tho most effective method of removing the causes of unfavorable; reports and thereby prevent lag the future publication of such,; reports. V/lieii the Japnnose Government accords to ilmorican nationals; the huiinnitaricji treati^ont it has proiaisod and when it permits; rop re sent at ive s of tlie S^iss Govcroinont to visit all places where; AlioRIcan nationals C.re held ??NO. to verify GIIC. confirra tliat thoir; traatiiioit is in accordancc rd.th tho promises of the Japanese; Govonuaerit, tho Unitod States G-ovemnent will be in a position to; rcassuro tlio relatives frifaiids of jlnrican nationals lie Id by; Japan with reg'.rd. to their ociidition and. troatiaont•; Tho United St .tos GoYe::iiiient continues to hope that tlie; J-.p-neso Govorrinieiit will bo persuaded without further do Icy to; enable the Swiss reprGSontratives to visit all detainod nationals; of tho United Str.tos wherever detained. There v/ould seam to bo no; reason why tlio J,,pane so Gororniocnt should not percnit such visits xyith-; out prejudice; to the juridical position ta^en by Japan on tho; quostion of roprosanttion of onoiny Interests• Soe Departerrtfs 2050,; Juno 14•; HJLL; Serial #79; Pages 244-247; DOCUMENT 10 -P; PLAIN; S E P T . 1 1 , 1 9 4 4; AMLEGATION,; BERN.; US;  T; JRGEI、7T; 3133; AMERICAN HJTEEESTS 一 PHILIBPHsCES,; Request Swiss Govemnient to coiarauiiicato following ioessage to; Gorge to be delivered textually to the Japanese Governraent:; The Government of the United States has received from; reliable sources that certain Ainerican civilian internees in the; Philippine Islands have been removed from the Los Banos Caiqp to; Fort IvfcKinley where a major aiaiaunition dump for central Luzon; is roaiixtained*; As Article 9 of tlie Geneva prisoners of W?‘r Convent ion; providos that no prisoner roay, at any time, b© sent into a region; where he raight bo exposed to the fire of the combat zone, nor; used to give protection from bombardment to certain points or; certain regions by his presence, the action taken by the Japanese; authorities constitutes a flagrant violation of the obligation; uxidertaken by it to apply to civilian internees in so far as; they are adaptable, the provisions of the Geneva Convention and of; 1X3 coiomitriieiit at all tiiaes to accord protection and humane treat-; ment to the Aiaerican nationals in its c us tody • Tlie United States; C>overniaeiit expects that the Japanese Government will at once remove; the American nationals at Fort McXinlcy to a region far enou^i from; military Installations for than, to be out of danger, and that the; Japanese Government will exercise overy care to forestall a repetition; of the viol:tion of the laws of war In exposing civilian internees or; prisoners of "ar to bombardment by housing them in areas in the; vicinity of military objectives.; H J H; Serial #86; Pages 26^-265; ノグ/ノ; D0CU1.SWT I C S; Departraent PIAHI; AMLSG^TION,; BEEN,; 102 ‘ m m i 、; AMERICAN INTEHESTS - JAPAN; Request Swiss Government to caminunicate the following textually; to the Japanese G-overnmont :; QPOTE American prisoners of war who survived the sinking oil; September 7 , 1 9 4 4 , of a Japanese freighter oil which they were being; transported off the coast of Mindanao, Philippine Islands, have m d o; coiiprehensive reports to the United States Grovevnment of the conditions; under which American prisoners were held in the Philippines. These; reports further corroborate the reports made earlier that the treatment; accorded to prisoners of war in the Philippines has been consistently; cruel and intiuiiiaiie •; In the present instance, the United States Qoverniaeiit protests; vigorously with regard to the conditions of captivity under which 650; prisoners were lield at the Lasang Air Field and ttie abuses to which; tliey were systematically subjected. The United States Government; charges that tlie Japanese authorities have violated the Japanese; Governiiient; T; s coim.iitroent to apply to prisoners of war the provisions; of tlie Geneva Prisoners of War Convontion, and to observe the basic; principles of the Hague Convention:; ( 1 ) 6 5 0 Araerican prisoners of war were compelled to work on; the Lasang Air Field, a known military installatloru; (2) Officer prisoners were forced to perform labor aid non-; cciiimissionecl officers were compelled to perform labor other than of; a supervisory nature.; (3) Officer prisoners were forced to perfoim rienial and degrading; ta3ks. In an effort to humiliate them they were forced to wash the; clothes of the enlisted :aen.; (4) Corporal punishment of utmost severity was inflicted; upon the slightest provocation. Upon .ne occasion Lieutenant; Eosica forced prisoners to kneel for a long period with their; Serial #108; Pages 326-329; • D o c u m m IO-S; - 2 -; shinbones on the sharp edge of railroad tracks in such a; position that most of the weight of their bodies was carried; by their shinbones• Afterwards, the man. were coiopelled to; run bare-footed on sharp coral gravel for several kilometers.; On other occasions, individual prisoners returned to camp; covered with blood as a result of having been beaten and kicked; by Lieutenant Eosimoto.; (5) The prisoners were forced to subsist on v^tarvation; rations, Food fui'nished to the prisoners was neither equal; in quantity or quality to that given Japanese soldiers. Half; tlie vogotable issue was usually delivered spoiled and unfit for; human consumption, toat and. fish were rarely furnishod. At; times a carabao wa3 butciiered, but only the head and ribs were; supplied to the 650 prisoners, the meat being retained by the 200; Japanese guards.; (6) The latrines provided for the prisoners of war; defied all established rules of sanitation. As the original; placement of the latrines behind the prisoners' barracks proved; offensive to the Japanese officers, the latrines were moved to; a position close to and between the prisoners; T;  barracks wliere; they polluted the wells f rora which the prisoners;  r;  drinking water; was drawn.; (7) Prisoners were deprived of their shoes. On m r c h 2 , 1 9 4 4 ,; new shoes were issued to tho prisoners from Red Gross supplies; furnished by this Government;. On or about April 8 , 1 9 4 4 , the; Japanese authorities coiapelled tlie prisoners to surrender their; shoes ana did not return them imtil August 2 0 , 1 9 4 4 . Although; the ineii repeatedly requested that their shoes be returned or; thnt at least sandals be issued, their requests were ignored; with the rosuit that their feet became severely lacerated from; the sharp coral on which they were forced to work.; Serial #108; Pages 326-329; The abusive, cruel, and inhumane treatment which has; characterized the administration of prisoner of war camps in; the Philippines is affirrnod unanimously by prisoners who havo; osoaped from those cornps^; The United States Govornment demands that, in fulfillioent; of the obligations assumed by the Japanese GoYGrnment ;7ith; regard to Americano taken prisoner of 孤 r by Japan, thut Gov c m -; merrt take steps effectively to prevont the continuation in all; Japanese prisoner of war cainps of tho inhunmnc practices that; have disgraced Japcn in its ediainistration of prisoner of war; camps in the Philippines. UKQUOTE; GEEW; Acting; Serial #108; Pages 326-329; /们; DQO)lE7r 10-T ”; T; 'IN; April 6 , 1 9 4 5; BERK.; 1371,-Sixth; AMERIC ‘ ぶ IIITSRESTS - PIIILIEPBIES.; Request Swiss Goverment to coLununic^te tho follov/ing message; to G-orgo to be do live rod toxtually to the Jcparx SG Government :; QUOTE Tlie Unitod Statos GOYGimient has received evidence; of tlie rauraor by the Japanese autliorities of four Araerican; citizens, Carroll Calkins G r i n n e l l , ^ If rod Francis Duggleby,; Ernect ©nil Johnson, and Clifford. I/iuronce Larsen, civilian; iiitemees in Santo Toinas Intemment CaiTp, Manil?、. Mr. Grinnell; was tlie spokGsnan of the Santo Tonias IntermaGiit Carip.; Tliose four .jiorican nntionalc vrere arrested and iriprisonod; uitliin the Santo Toinas internnont Camp by the Japaneso Military; FolicG oil DoceLfber 2 3 , 1 9 4 4 • Ho informtion wr.s ever given to the; caiap authorities t.ith respect to tho cliorgos for r/hich those mon; Trere hold, Uc. Johnson rras relived fron the carap on or about; Decemtor 2 4 , 1 2 4 4 . Lfcssrs. Grinuoll,Buggleby aid Larsen 订ere; reniDVod from tiie caiiip on January 5 , 1 9 4 5 • Oil Decombor 3 1 , 1 9 4 4 ,; Ifr. Johnson v;as coon at the Military Police Station at ttie c o m e r; of Corbabitarto <and « ; • • tobini Streets. The other three men irere; never again seen alive. Their bodies together •、了ith ten unidentified; corpses v/orc found buried in a field no or tlio lie ad quart ers of the; Jcpaiiese Militciry Polico. Tlie fourteen bodies were r/irod together in; groups of a few oach, “ nediccil examination of the bodies determined; ttat death, had occurred on or about January 1 5 , 1 9 4 5 .; In viovi of the fact that tho Japanese G-ovenuiunt undertook to; apply tho provisions of the Geneva Prisoners of W^r Convention to; civilian internees in so far as those provisions are adaptable, the; nurder of those ょjaerican citizens constitutes a flagrant violation of; Serial #111,; lagos 333-334:.; wommn 10 - T - 2; #1371; tlio obligations undertaken by tho J^poiiose GovenniGnt•; Tlio United States Oovermaent demands thnt the unuarrr.ntod; and despotic action of tlie Japanese author it ies coiic ornod be; ii^iediately investigated, tliv.t those て:iio ordoroa and comittod; the acts herein reported shall be brought to full account for; tiieir crines, and tliat tho fludin辟 of tlie investigation and the; date of tlie puniahiaeiitG shall be scut to tlais' Governrntnt # T^e; United States Goverxment further denands that tlio Japanese; Govoraraont shall take all steps necGSsary to prevent in any; territory under Japanese control a repotition of such barbarous; and arbitrary deeds uliich cro in utter disregard of the; Jup^oiioso Gov eminent;  !; s cornnitneixt to apply tho Imnanitari^ji; standards of tlie Geneva Prisoners of War Convention to interned; xjaorican nationals iii its custody.; iiCHESON,ム。TIITG; Serial #11-1; Pages 333-334; DCOUIvM' 10-4J; PL1IN; M y 19,1945; AMEEG“TIOK,; HERN; 1857, Hineteentli; iJCHICi^I 327IEEEST3 - .LJP.JJ; P.lease request Swiss Legation to transmit following textually; to Japanese Gavemmont:; QUOTE Tlie United States Government charges tte J panese; Govermaent v/ith the i;aiitoii murder of George J. Louis at the Los Banos; Internment Carap, Philippine Islands, on January 2 8 , 1 9 4 5; e; Mr. Louis, liaviag left the cai^ to purchase food rzas shot, but; not (repeat not) fatally, at 6:55 a®m# on January 28 as he TTUS; returning to cornp. An appeal by internees to remove Mr、Louis to; the Camp Hospital was denied by tho Japanese authori七ies* At 7jl0; a.m., three internees were sunmonod to tho office of Iぬjor Iwanska,; the Canp Coraiiaridant, and informod by him thct Mr. Louis' execution; rnust be completed, since he iiad ordered that tho guards shoot SUBQUOTE; until they kill EKD SUB^UOTS any person violating tho can?) boundaries,; A Committee of iaternees interceded with the Carr̂ ) Goxnraandairb; to stay the execution of Mr. Louis but the Comnnndant was adamant; c; Louis, still alivo, r/as carried "by guards on ail improvised; stretclier to a clunp of benboo outside the cairjp grounds and shot; through the head •; The United States Govermaent most vigorously protests the; arbitrary action of Mijor Iwonska in carrying out the execution; of Mr. Louis as being in dircct violation of Articles 47, 50, 51,; 52 a m 60 throueh 67 of ttie Geneva Prisoners of War Convention and a; repudiation of tho humanitarian standards yhicli the Japanese Govern-; ment has professed it is maintaining in its treatiiBiit of American; nationals in its custody.; Serial #117; Pages 347-348; DQQtJM^T 10-U; Serial #117; Pagos 347-348; -2 #1857, I,fey 19,1945, Born,; In the early da如 it night be conceivable that the gucrd; could not disccrn that lir. Louis vrcs returning to tho camp; snd that tlio giard fired tho first sliot believing he ma pre-; vent ing a possible cacape. There is no justification, towever,; for tlie sumaory and cold-blooded execution of Mr, Louis an hour; Biid a half later.; The United States Govormnent deraands tliat Ifcjor Iwanska; be brought to full account for tliis crime and. expects tliat the; Japanese Govemiaent will notify it of the punishuent inflicted; upon. him« I3KQU0TE; GREW; (Acting); DOCUMENI; 10-V; PIAIt'J; m y 19,1945; AMLEGATION, ^ J A;  v;  fjJ\: \; 腿 i. i ) \ [' HI fir 〈ダメ设 1856; AMESICAiJ n-ITEHESTS - ;TAPAH; Please request Swiss to transmit verbatim to Japanese; QUOTE: Tlie brutal massacre on December 14,1944 of one; hundred and f i f o f war at go^rfo^princesi; Govemment following message:; Palawan, Philippine Islands, by the personnel of the Ogawa Tai; Construction Corps has profoundly sliocked the Government and; the people of the United States.; At; noon of that day the prisoners wlio had been details; •to work on a nearby were recalled to caiiip. Following; upon a series of air raid &lanu» Japanese guards forced; the prisoners into air raid shelters witlii•“ 十]^;  C £ i a; p coia"Dound.; The shelters were tunnels some seventy-five feet lo ムじ; openings at each end. About two o'clock in the afternoon; f; fifty to sixty Japanese guards armed with rifles ana machine; gurxS and carrying buckets of gasoline and lighted torches,; approached the shelters. Tliey emptied the gasoline into the; openings of the tunnels and hurled tlie blazing torches after; it. Violent explosions followed. Tiio victims, enveloped in; flaiaes and screaming in agony, swarmed from the shelters only; to be mowed aown by Machine guns or attacked with bayonets.; Four officers 池o had sougjit shelter elsewhere suffered a; similar fate. One of them, emorgiiig in flarnes from his retreat,; approached a J-panese officer and pled that the carnage be; stopped. He wavSsnithlessly shot down. In order to insure that; Serial #118; Pages 349-351; DOCUMENT 1C-V; 2 -; no living priponors renained in the shelters, the guards fired; the tunnels with dyxiaraite charges.; A; :; :out forty prisoners succeeded in escaping from the con-; pouiid "by tiM-ov/iiiG themselves over a fifty-feet clil'f onto the; beach bolow. Lauding barges patrolling tli© bay and sentries; on 'che shore fired upon thom. Many roocning in agony, were; buried alive by their captors. One, who had roached the v^ter; and struck out to soa, was recaptured and brought back to land; where Japanese soldiers, prodding him with, bayonets, forced hiia; to walic along tho beach. A Japanese guard poured gcsoline upon; • ‘; the priじoilers foot しnd set fire to it,ェ{pioriiiG his entreaties; that he be sliot the Japanese iberatcly set fire to; liis other foot ar.d to both ills hands. Tliey mocked and derided; hin in liis sul"fering aud theu bayonetted hiia until he collapsed.; Thereupon they poured gatsoline ovor his body and wutclied the; i'laiiies devour ib*; Such b(.j*baric behaviour oil the part of the Japanese armed; forces is an offense to all civilizcd people. The Japanese; Goverrment cannot esc are responsibility for this crime, Tio; United States G-ovemmGL.t cle^ncls tlxe,t appropriate pun is i-o; te inflicted on all tho so wh.0 diroctea or participated :a\; it. It expects to receive from tlie Japanese Gov err. men t; notification that such pimislimeiit lias boon inflicted. The; United States Govemmoiit further dernands that tLe Japanese; Govomiiient take such, action as nay be necessary to forestall; the repetition of offenses of so ho incus a nature ancl assure; the United States Govermieiit that such outrages will not; again be inflicted upon Anerican prisoners of war in Japanese; custody.; GHEW; (Acting); Serial #118; Pages 349-351; DOCUIMVT 10-W; PLAIN •; Julie 8 , 1 2 4 5; AliLE'^TLCr 3; 歴; 1992, Eighth; Roq.uest Gorge to deliver the following message textua!3.y; to tlie Japanese G-overiuncnt and "to i n f o m tlie Departixnt of the; date of its dolivery:; QUOTE The United Str.tos G-ovGmment has bocn reliably iiiforiood; tli;t tho civilian interncos in t3ae Shanghai civilian Assoxobly; Centers are iq. gravo danger of strnation. It is reported tliat; the J"cp.raiese Govornnoiit lias •で:rom the beginning cf tho year steadily; docroasod the food deliveries to tlio con tors. It is :x ported tlie; intornoGS rcooive one inoal daily consisting of approximately; one ounce of ho at, occasionally substituted by fish or powdercd; eggs, tliroo to four ouncos Ox VuCGt:i"blc, one mec; 5;  imn-size potato,; one suall beot and tv/olvo ounces of black broad. T: e iritcmcies; receivo neither tea or other bover-.ges nor any other food, product's; than those above ment ionod«; TJic failure c£ tho Japanese; Govomment to .furnish thu intGrnees; v;itii sufficient food ce*ruiot be r.ttribntod to food sir rtagos sinco; tho supplica of foodstuffs ccntioiled by the Japoneso authorities; In oiaanghai rei^iii plant if u l . T h o J^.paiieso Govc-miaert, it is; so inclined, could ariTnge to deliver foodstuffs in tlio amounts-; requirod and without delay , Urgent re pre s enta t io ns have resulted; in.no i-:nproYcmor.ts by tho local J pane so authorities who openly; aoiiiit tiio inadoquacy of th:j credits laade available by the J -oaiiGsc; Govemmont for provisioning tlie coinps •; T-:e J"- paiiusc GoTemiiiiont entered into a soleinii obligrticn by; agrGGiaent with the Govomment of tho United States to observe tho; huiaane stcaidarus of tho Geneva Conv out ion in the troatiaent of; /孤; Serial #126; P: gas 365-367; \it t cnn x.; DOOJi価 T 10-W froid; -2 1992, June 8 to B。m ‘; civilian intoraces c.î l prisoners of war in its custody. Ey its; refusal to p o m i t tho repatriation of iUaoricon nationals it has; further obligated itself to safeguard than frora storvation and; T '.Q Govcmmeiit of the Uriited States calls again upon tlie; Japan3sc Govomment to carry out its agreement to observe tho; liuracjie standards of tiie Geneva Convent ion and to give effect to; its xmny public and soleion declcrations to the nations and peoples; of the r;orld thct it is accordii]g huioano treatiaent to tloe civilian; internees aud Prisoners of v;ar in its custody.; Tlie United States Government damands that the Japanese; Governineiit v/ithout delay put forth exceptional efforts to remedy; the grave food situation in tho civilian assoably centers at; Siiangiiai and in any othor civilian or prisoner of 7/ar ccmps vrliere; these conditions raay prevail, at present unknown to this Govorrinoiit.; Tiie United States Govcmraont d e m n d s the Japanese G o v e r n n t; f; s; 3q丄emn assurance thct this has boen done*; Sliould the Japanese Govoniiient continue to deprive civilian; internees and prisoners of v;ar in its custody of tho food necossnry; to safegtiard them from starvation and liBintain them in health, tho; United Statos Governiijent hereby solemnly declcres that it will; liold personally ana officially responsible for this crime all of; the officials of the Japanese GoveraiQDiit, regardless of position; - • — 1 * " ~ 1 1; or status, ^lio Iiot© partioipcited tl^erein either through neglect; or froia wilful intoiit ond will in due course bring them to judgmont.; It solemnly declares that it will visit upon all such individuals; _ ' • “ ‘; the punisliment viiich is their due» UNQUOTE; doath; #; GREW; (Acting); Serial #126; Pages 365-367; DOCUMENT 1 W; PLi'ilN; July 3 1 , 1 9 4 5; -JCSGLi.TIOIT,; BERN.; 2432, Thirty-first.; Request Svri3s to inform Jap Govt as follows: QUOTE As of; July 4 , 1 9 4 5 , Japanese civilian interxioos held in thG United; I States receirefi daily 4.831 pounds of food representing 4100; c Glories. Tlio food 3 arc as follows, giving first tho xro ight in; pound3 and second tho caloric content.; / a n; l&iats & Fish .4425 442.00; Eggs .10725 64.00; T.'ILlk & CllGOSG .56744 302.00; I/£irgariac .036 1211.00; Fats, othor .05625 230,00; Sugars .2255 351.00; Cereals 1.234 1888.00; Lcguxaus .044 73.00; Vegetablos .548 55.00; Toinatoos .05104 5.00; Citrus fruits •18 36,00; Potatoes .70 350.00; Vegetables, other .33526 67.00; Fruits, other .147 44.00; Fruits, dried .045 72.00; Beverages .069 _; Miscellaneous .04317 a *; The Japanese Govemraeiit v;ill observe that the foregoing diet; is well balanced.; Japanese! pows hold in tlie US as of m y 3 , 1 9 4 5 , wero receiving; similarly balanced diets. Typicel daily menus for pars aro as; follows:; Breakfast: Stowed fruit, •;:iiecvb ccroal, milk, ono egg, broad,; m r g a r i n o , coffee. Dinner: Fish, rice, vegetable, vegetable salad; breafl. Supper: Soup, raoat, macaroni, potatoaa, bread, tea.; Breakfast: Froah fruit, haruiny grits, milk, bread, margarine,; coffee. Dinner; Jfcrt, rico, vegetable, vegetcble salad, bread.; Supper: Soup, soy beans, potatoes, vegutcble, bread, tea.; Serial #134; Pages 380-583; DOCUMENT 10-X; - 2 -; The US Govt is be coiling increasingly concemcd about tlio food; wliict tlio Japcjiese Govt provides for iu-iorican pows and civilian; internees in Japanese occupied torritoiy as well as in Japan; proper。 Reports road ill the US indicate that at Liany canpa tlio; food situation is deteriorating. Tho condition of /jicrican; nationals liberated from Japcnsse iLiprisoniiont in the pj.!.ilippine; Islands uas such that tho US Govt kno\:s tlict its concern for tho; liealtlx of American nationals Iiold by the Jr.pnneso is not (repeat; not) unfounded.; The US Govt lias from the earliest days of tho m r been con-; cerned because of tho deleterious ei*feet of Japanese diet upon; ^jaerican nationals unaccustoiaed to oriental foods. It has folt; not only thrt oriental foods riight be difficult for .jiorican; nationals to bo cone acc us toned to but also tluit the nutritive; value of the food would be less than that to x/liich tlie /jiiericans; V?ere QCCUStoned. The food supplied ijaerican pows a id inteiiiees; has been a subject of continuous representations by the US Govt; (See Dept; f; s 2934, Aug 2 5 , 1 9 4 4 and Depths 1992, Jan. 8 , 1 9 4 5 ) .; The Japanese Govt lias not (repect not) taken adequate stops to; furnish adequate food for ijjiericons in its hands.; Since the beginning of the uar tiie American authorities in; contrast to tlie Japanese authorities, have supplied food to; Japanese civilic.n internees caid prisoners of uar v;liicli \/c.s not only-; sufficient In quantity but TOS in accordance V:ith tlie national; tastes of tlie prisoners Gild i n t e m o G S , To the knoulodge of the; Uixitod States Government no complaiirts have been m d o about the; food given to Japanese nationals held by the Anerican authorities; Tlie recent action of the Jcp Govt in stopping all financial; assistanco for ijiiorican nationals in prisoner of war aid civilian; Serial #134; Pages 380-383; DGCTC側 T 10-X; - 3 -; interneo camps operated by tlie Japanese (your 3393, July 2),; indicates that the Japanese Govcrriiient フill not (repeat not); porrait tlie US Govt to use the only nethod r/hich. has thus far; been open to it to provide 3UstoiicTice on a regular basis for; A; jLiericans held by tho Japanese. Unless the Japanese Govornineiit; p e m i t s neutral representatives to purchase relief supplies for; the use of ijnerican nationals or uiiloss tlie Japanese Goverinnarxt; supports prisoners of and civilian intornoes in accordance; with, its obligations, tiie United States Govcmnent can only; assuiic tlict the Jap Govt sanctions tlie starvation of ^jncrican; pov;s and civilian intenioes in its custody.; Tlie US Govt expects the Jap Govt pro:aptly to give assurances; tixat Anericans in its hands will bo protected fron starvation.; Tiie US Govt also expccts the Japanese Govonuuont to indicate; tlie steps w M c h it proposes to tako to as sure thct ijiiericans; in its hands vill not stervo#; The US Govt GLipliasizes to tlio Jap Govt the seriousness; \7nic3i it viov;s reports that ijiericans in Japanese hands; are on starvation rations. The US Govt docle,red that the Jap; Govt and its officers v/ill not "be able to avoid responsibility; for the starvation of .jnoricans in Japanese custody • UIIQJJOTE,; に 厂; GREW; (-.CTHIG); MMMt; 740.00115 P.W./7-645; Serial #134; Pages 380-383; Doc, Noc 28.^2 Page 1; BBC Jan 一 24,1^44 17s00; U. S. GCY3HW17NT: ISStFiS Rて.,:つ0Ro ON JAPANESE AT-OCITY; The United States Army and Navy authorities have; issued an official report on Japanese atrocity on American; and Filipino prisoners at Bataan and Corregidor in the; Philippines. The renort is based on sv/orn staterents by; American officers who escaped from. Japanese orison camps; P; He says that rrany Americans have died .from starvation,; forced labor and general brutality. At one ca^p about; 2,300 Americans died in April and Ila}/ of 194-2, In another; 4,000 Americans died by October 1942; r;  After the surrender; o士 Bataan in 1 9 4 2 , I n d in what is described as the March; of Death American nrisoners were strapped, and beaten iro as; they inarched in the sun withor't food or water。; Doc, N o, 2 8 8 2 .Page '2; V/ASHI?JG10N; DISCLOSES JX? \?IESE ATROCITY BECAUSE; HELIE.F NOT PER:: FITTED; m D ^ J a n; f; . 29,194-4 1 8 : 0 0; ^^Y/nlte House Secretary Stephen Early made the disclosure; today that the jaT)an5bh Ouve丄1 11t""will not permit the; United States Government to send food, raterial aid, or; sunplies to United States and Fil.iToino soldiers now; Japan's prisoners of war; 0; This, said Early, is the reason the United States; government last night authorized the rmblications of; accounts cf Japanese atrocities against prisoners of war; c; He said this inf ornat ion has been known for some tiirie by; this government, but it had been withheld while there was; any hone of transmitting relief to the prisoners in Japan's; hands; r; Early said, "The tiir.e has come for releasing the; factual reports which have been carefully investigated; and authenticated because we cannot expect to get further; relief to our prisoners of war now in the hands of the; Jananese; P; "; DoCc NOo 2 8 8 2 Page 3; SAN ? M N C I S C O KWID Jan. 2 9 , 1 9 4 4 7;CO; PRISONERS OF WAR: JAPANESE ILL-TREAT PRISOMERS OF WAR; The Secretary of State, Mr; P;  Cordell Hull,released a; statement of the treatment of prisoners of war In Japanese; hands A great many of them died of starvation on two; Japanese prison carps in October of 194-2; r;  We wrote the; statement by Secretary of State; e; "According to the renorts of cruelty and inhumanity; it v7ould be n e c e s s a r y to s皿pen the representatives of all; the demons available anywhere and combine the fiendishness; with all that is (bloody) in order to describe the conduct; of those who inflicted these unthr.nk'able (atrocities) on; the Americans and Filipinos; r; "; The escaned American officers in their statement; indicated several instances of JaDanese a t r o c i t i e s T h e y; S3id that the Japanese forces sometimes ^antonly murdered; thousands of Arericsn and Filipino soldiers captured in; Bataan and Corregidor in the Philippines,.; They stated that at least 5,20C American soldiers died; n o s t l y of starvation at two prison carps in October 194-2„; 36,000 American and Filipino soldiers have been captured in; those carraigns said Colonel White, forroer Domestic Director; of the Office, of War Inforrration っ.nd. that most of the; prisoners have been murdered; ^ K I S O ^ R S OF WAR: ED3N REPORTS TO H0US3 OF COi' ONS ON; PRISONERS OF W4R; In London, British Foreign Secretary, Anthony Eden,; told the House of Commons, that some thousands of British,; Chinese, Burmese and Indian war prisoners and internees; also have died in. Japanese Drison canos, He said that; s-oecific atrocities have been told by escapees; Eden said that British protests have drawn unsatis-; factory results fror- Janan^ He said that the Japanese; were violating not only International Law but all human,; decent civilized conduct; r;  He warned the Japanese govern-; ment that in time to come the record of their military '; atrocities in this,"ar will not be forgotteru; Doc, No,2882 .Page '4; KWID Jan, 2 9 , 1 9 4 4 8:00; JAPANESE ATROCITIES: DESCRIPTION GIVEN; Here are sone of them, factually based TOon the; •oersonal experiences and observations of t.ho th-oee escaped; officers; r; Prisoners recrced in weight fror. 2C0 TDotmd.s to; •ooimds in soire cnses^ Sone of them found with J-̂ p-•?nese; money or souvenirs on their persons were beheaded or; bayonet.ted- A few Ar. arican and Filipino men were buried; 弓live。 Numerous prisoners were beaten, wト A i dつ a n d shot; •when t h e y berimed for f o o d a n d w a t e r; r; ilany were forced to strip naked for hours in the hot; sun, any cf them were forced on long marches withcmt food; or water ラnd made to do labor when they were not 'ohysically n; .ble to do S0o Some bodies cf the soldiers were run over; by Japanese trucks; r; HULL: i.UGS S I U N T ON JAPANESE ATP.OCIT'Y TO ? l i l S O m i l S; Secretary of State Corde3.1 Hull made the following; formal statement?; "According to the reports of cruelty and inhumanity,; it will be necessary to siDnron to asserble together all the; 一 一 available frora any here and combine the fiend?.shness which; all of the.w embody in order to describe the conduct of those; who inflicted those -unthinkalDle tortures on Americans and; 'Filipinos,."; 'iTr ニ?nil s:?.ic" that repeated protests have been lodged; with Tokyo but. to no apparent avail,.; He said that it is not known what haonened to the food; anc; 1;  sunplies previously sent to the prisoners aboard the; liner, "Crinsliolis.c"; He said that efforts, nonetheless, will be continued to; obtain release o? war prisoners; r; He said this government is assembling all possible; facts concerning Jat)^nese treatment of v;ar prisoners, and; it i n t e n d s to seek full nunishrnent of the reponsible; Japanese authorities,.; Doc; r;  No- 2882 -age 5; Oct, 2 3 , 1 9 4 4; . : n 11 J^MIM.; Army JMews Service; MAC^RT^UR'S GHQ, October 2 2; P; — G e n e r a l MacArthur; issued a earning to the Japanese military leaders that; as comn-ander-in-chief of the "irerican invasion forces, he; will hold the enemy leaders immediately responsible for; any failure to accord prisoners and internees -ororjer; treatment- MacArthur addressed bis warning to the Japanese; Field Marshal,Count Terauchi, who is comrnander-ir-chief; of the Ja^anese military forces in the ?hiliDnines; r; The General said, the surrender of the United States; and PhilinDines forces in nrevious campaigns was made with; the belief that they would rece,'ve the dignity and honor; and protect"' on of military prisoners as provided by the; rules and custons of .war^ Since then unim'oeachable evidence; has been received of the degradation and even brutality to; v/hich these prisoners have been subjected in violation of; the rost sacred code of martial honor„; D o c , N o, 2 8 8 2 .Page '6; C E R T I F I C A T E; i • ii i i • _ m tm-mm m^mm mmmw • • ^mm mmm; エ.’ Seishiro OGyw'A, hereby certify that I was c f f i c h l l y; connected with the Japanese Government in the following; capacity: Acting Chief ..of Fourth^ Se.ctipn of Research; B u r e a u from N o v e m b e r 30.,194つ,;that during; the war enemy radio station broadcasts were regularly; recorded ,'.n the Japanese Foreign Office; that transcripts; were regularly made of those recordings and the transcripts; distribu ted regularly to all sections of the Foreign; O f f i c e a n d also to the B o a r d of I n f o r r a t i o n , t h e Navy; Ministry and the War Ministry; that transcriDts of those; recordings have been on file with our office.; /s/ Seishiro Ô jjAra; Signature of Official; SEAL; Acting Chief of Fourth Section; of Research Bureaii from; Noverber 11°42 to June .1943; Official Ca-0 9.city; E R T I 5 I C A T E; wmmm mmmrn' mmmm m • • MHH* i I I I mmmm ^mmm; I, Yasuhiko NARA. hereby certify that I an officially; connected with the Japanese Governrsnt in my car)acity as; Secretary in the Public Relations Office of the P^oreign; Office; that tne five docuirents hereto attached are trans-; cripts of recordings of enemy rad; -1; 'o broadcasts regarding; treatment of allied pr; 1; * sorters of war recorded, durinf?; the; period from January 2 4 , 1 9 4 4 to Decerber 1 Q , 1 9 4 4 , which; are described, as follows ;; Del) BBC Jan- 24,1944,17:00 - U„3; r;  Government: Issues; Reoort on Jaoanese Atrocity; T3p2) Sari Francisco KWID Jan. 29,1944, 7:00 Prisoners of; Var; Japanese Ill-treat prisoners of war; 〜3) KKID, Jsru 2〇,8:00 Japanese Atrocities: Description; C-iven; p,4) KWID, Jane 2 9 , 1 9 4 4 18:00, Washington: Discloses; Japanese itrocity becar,se relief not permitted.; 5) Oct, 23,lQ44; r;  JlacArthur' s Earning.; /s/ Yapuhiko Nara; Signature of Official; SEAL; Secretary in the °ublic Rela-; • ti oris Office of the Foreign; Office; Official Canacity; F i t n e s s :; /s/ Hideki 1-Iaki; DOCUMENT 2782; 9; Until what time did you hold that office?; Until July of 1945.; I, SUZUKI, Tadakatsu, make oath and say as follows:; State your name, age, and residence.; SUZUKI, Tadakatsu, 51 years of age, residing at Yokohama.; Q During your incumbency were you familiar with American; notes protesting against mistreatments of American prisoners; of war and civilians in the Philippines which were coursed; through the Swiss Legation?; A. Yes.; Q Throughout your incumbency what was the practice of your; office once those protests were received?; A The notes were received either in French or English and were; translated into Japanese. A copy of the note with its; Japanese translation was sometimes addressed to the Minister; of War^ the Vice Minister of War, the Military Affairs Bureau,; or the Prisoner of War Information Bureau, depending on the; Importance and also the contents of the note. Nevertheless; we furnished copies, together with their translations, to; the other sections concerned of the ?Jar Ministry (the Vice; Minister of War, the Chief of the Military Affairs Bureau»; and the Chief of the Prisoner of War Information Bureau).; In sending those notes, together with their translation^ we; accompanied them with a covering note which was either a; simple note in itself, or accompanied by our own comments or; recommendations.; Q Please examine these U . S. State Department notes marked as; IPS Documents 10-B through 10-X, inclusive (excepting 10-0),; and tell us if they have been received by the Foreign Office; Japan through the intervention of the Swiss Legation.; A. Yes, they were received by the Foreign Office in the routine; procedure of forwarding them to the different departments of; our government.; /s/ T. Suzuki; in; SUZUKI, Tadakatsu; Sworn and subscribed to before the; •undersigned officer by the above-named; SUZUKI, Tadakatsu, at the War Ministry; Building, Tokyo, Japan, this JJth day of; November, 1946.; Witness :; /s/ Eric W . Fleisher; ERIC I FLEISHER —; 2nd Lt. A.U.S., M.I,; /s/ Richard H . Larsh; RICHARD H . IARSH; Q When war broke out what position did you hold with the; government of Japan*; 5; k I was Minister Plenipotentiary in Egypt since 1940. I came; home to Japan on an exchange ship in August of 1942 and in; December of 1942 I was made chief of the Foreign National; Section of the Foreign Office.; INTERNATIONAL MILITARY TRIBUNAL FOR THE 蘭 EAST; THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, et; - A G A I N S T -; ARAKI, SAJDAO, et al.; a l ); ); ); ); ); A F F I D A V I T; Q A; Q A; レぇ"f / T - v ^ t , . ^ r H へ y ^ 6 . •:; 、 へ 一 餐 s / y; 七 デ; レ仏,、 . }; P 0 ' wしへ、.; ) ド 化 \; J^r^r ^O^^^y •• 7; yyt^su ^ .io; i; p; で : , … t A ’ 叫   • ‘ - -; . I o; ノ Z; Docuemtn No. 1469D ^ 逢!̂  ^ ^ ^ K Page 1; The Gaimusho; Tokyo 29 tlanuary 1942; Translation; lio. 22/T3; To the Minister:; Following my letter of 20th inst., No. 11/T3, I have the; honour to inform Your Excellency of the viev/s of the Imperial; Government on the treatment of prisoners of vrar:; ( 1 ) J a p a n strictly observes the Geneva Convention of July; 27,1929 relative to the Red Cross, as a signatory of that; Convention.; ⑵ The Imperial G-overmnent has not yet ratified the; Convention relating to treatment of prisoners of "war of 27 July; 1929. It is therefore not bound by the said Convention. Never-; theless it will apply mutatis mutandis the provisions of that; Convention to American prisoners of war in its power.; I would "be ooliged to Your Excellency if you would forward; the aoove to the Government of the United States of America.; (L.S.) Minister of Foreign Affairs; Document Ho. 1469B Page 1; The Gaimusho; Tokyo 13 February 1942; Translation; Ho. 46?t3; K.le Minist-re:; Following my letter No。32/T3 of 29th Janiia.ry last, I have the; honour to send to Your Excellency the following communication on the; subject of the treatment of civilian internee3:; The Imperial Government v/ill apply for the duration of the war; "under condition of reciprocity the provisions cf the Convention; relative to treatment of prisoners of v/ar of 27 July 1929 to enemy; civilian internees, insofar as they are applics,ble and provided; that they are not mads to work without their concent.; American civilians now held in Japan (including territories; overseas) number 134. They are enjoying more favourable conditions; than those prescri"bed "by the a"bove-mentioned Convention. Hot only; are they supplied "by the Imperial Government with provisions such; as "bread, "butter, eggs, meat, heavy oil for heat ing. coal, etc.,; "but also they are allowed to receive from outside donations of food; and clothing. They are specially held in a place near the residences; of their families under some irxConvenience to the Imperial G-overnment; as far as surveillance is concerned, so that their families may easily; see them.; As far as the health of the internees is concerned, they are; examined from time to time by specially engaged doctors* Those; who are sick can summon an outside doctor to examine them and in; serious cases nay enter a civil hospital。 They are allowed to; read papers and "books and to li sten to the radio "by sets placed; at their disposal and to go out under cerisain restrictions if they; have any good reason therefor.; Asking you kindly to inform the Government of the United States; ofAmerica,; (LoS,) Minister of foreign Affairs; Document 5Fo. 1469-A-P Page 2; S X H E I T A; Document フo- Descriiotioii; 1469-P Cor>y of letter dated 27 LecemDer 1941 from; the S,•’iss liinibter to Shigenori TOGO,; foreign Minister.; 1469-3 Letter dated January 1942 from the; Japanese inistrv of -'oreign Affairs to; the Swiss ..inister (ilo.11/T3).; Letter dated 29 January 1942 from the; •Jp-opnese inister of foreign Affairs to; the Swiss .:inister (Ho. 22/T3).; 1469«C Copy of letter dated 20 fetruary 1942 from; the Swiss minister to Ghigenori TOGO,; Japanese .'oreign i.inister •; 1463^5 Letter dat^d 13 February 1942 from Jat)anese; Ministr; t; y of foreign Affairs to the Swiss; Minister (iJo. 46/T3).; 1469-A Letter dated 2 パarch 1942; Ministry of foreign Affair; inister (iTo- 7l/T3).; from the; s to the; J?-oanese; •^wiss; C E E T I P I ^ A T S; I^P-S. H 1.169-A-?; Statement of Source grd Authenticity; I, _ Zs-i^^J^o.ss.i , here"bv certify that I an officially con-; nected with the C-oTernment of Switzerland in the following capacity:; 旦w丄s旦 Diplomatic_E^p£e£ent&_tl.Te_ 一 ,and as such officialエ have custody; cf the documents, consisting of six letters and notes, as listed on; •nodiiDi七 A attached hereto and described as follows: —Tニue copy of; and no^es_ injuremh -int_er ^fwi_tzerIstiid addressed; i; 0; —t赵e—旦n至s旦 Minis_try_cf i1。reign Affairs, and t_he original replies—; ^he^re.to. of__the_Jar.ane.se, kinis.try^of Foreign Affair^ acdressed to the; Mi互i互七®o主 Ŝ wĵ t.z e r l a n d — _ — .; エ further certify that the attached letters a.nd notes are official; records of the Swiss Legation in Japan and that they are a part of the; official archives and files thereof.; 一 I ^ J ,し 3os,si_ __; Signed at Tokyo on this Signature of Official; 5th day of Decem'ber,194S> roloiratic Eeioresentatire; Official Capacity; Witness:旦/一 MSLX —; Siiatement of Official?rocureme-nt; エ , — 一 S i i 殳 互 • 一 な eis^ez 一’ hereb” cert if--.that エ am associ-; ated witli the General;  ;; eadquarters of the Supreme Co^unander for the; Allied Powers, and "bhat the atoye certification was obtained "by me from; the alDOTe signed official of the Swiss .ご-over nnent in the conduct cf my; oijicial "business•; Signed at Tok^o cn this Iri.c__ ム ̂ lei^h^r^nd Lt^AUSill; NA1G; 5th da; • of^De^cemfeeii, 1346.; InTest?,.g:a; ;; >or IPS; W i t n e s s J , Curtis _ Official Capacity; )ネル; Document Ho. 1469B Page 1; Tokio, 20 J e t r w v 1942; E.3. 7.1. 一 ce; 0; M . l e Kinistre,; J;  Referring to ycur letter of 29 * J-j.n-j.ary, No. /T3, in; which Your Excellency 5.nfoi-med me that the Imperial G-ovemment; would apply mutatis mutandis to American prisoners of war; the Geneva Convention of 27 July 1929, on the treatment of; prisoners of war, I have the honour to "bring the following; matter to Your Excellency's notice:; The Government of the United States of M e r i c a has; been informed that the Japanese Government had agreed as far; the treatment to "be accorded to British prisoners of war to; take into consideration as to food, and clothing, the national; and racial customs of the prisoners.; The Government of the United States of America has requested; my Government to "bring to the notice of the Japanese Government; that it will"b© "bound "by the same principle for prisoners of; war as for Japanese civil internees in conformity with Articles; 11 and 12 of tke Geneva Convention.; It expects in consequence that the Imperial G-overnment; will eqiaally conform to the above-mentioned provisions of the; treatment of American prisoners of v/ar and civilian internee; ブ I shall "be grateful to Your Excellency for keeping me; ..、.informed of the views of your Government in this respect.; SWISS MINISTER; To H^E.K. Shigenori TOGO; Minister for Foreign Affairs; Tokyo; Docioment Ho, 1469-A-P; DociMent '"o.; 1469-P; 1469-3; 1469-D; 1469-C; 146; 1469- A; .'Page 2; ZXHISIT _ A; DeBcrliption; CoToy of letter dated 27 Lecember 1941 from; the S,.dss :dnister to Shigenori TOOO,; foreign Minister,; Letter dated January 1942 from the; Japanese inistr^ of -oreign Affairs to; the Swiss .inister (So. ll/T3).; Letter dated 29 January 1942 from the; Ja^pnese inister of Foreign Affairs to; the Swiss .inister (No, 22/T3).; Copy oi letter dated 2C よ1etruary 1942 from; the Swiss minister to Ghigencri TOGO;  t; Japanese .oreign minister (EE.7.1.-ce).; Letter dat^d 13 ?e"bruary 1942 from Japanese; Ministry of foreign Affair; s;  to the Swiss; Minister (i\To. 46/T3).; Lf.tter dated 2 ふ:arch 1942 from the J>"oanese; ministry of Jcreign Affairs to the Swiss; ;-inister (No. 7 l / T 3 ) .; Fo.1:69-A-マ; Statement cf Scurce ard Authenticity; I, _ o_ss_i , here"bv certify that エ an officially con-; nected wi^h. the G-oTernmen-b of Switzerland in tlie following capacity:; bvdss, £i^lc_iLatic^Hep^e^erxt^t— , and as sucla official I nave custody; of the accuments, consisting of six letters and notes, as listed on; ibxinoit A attached herefco and dosoribed as follcwrバ True copj nf _; lejtters, and nole_s inj^xe^fh a n i r o.f_Swrbzerland addressed; to_the_Japane.se Mini^trjVL.of lor-Ig.x ^ f f a ^ ; ani ih? ^ r j ^ l r a l ^ r ^ i e s; ih且r至t殳 £f t h e _ _ J a s M i n i s t r y _ _ o f ?orojlgn Aff&i_rfl_ ac'dre.ssed w。 the; 。至 Switzerland. — — — .; I further certify that the attached letters and notes are official; records of the Swiss Legation in Japan and that they are a part of the; ciiicial archives and files thereof• 一; Signed at Tokyo on this; 5th day of Secem'ber,1945• J 3 i 3 P.e-oresent?tire; #;  し:!:丄cia丄 CaTD̂ Gi'cy; W i t n e s s :」 — Max —; Statement of Official Procuremen-'G; エ,一2nd—L主•一殳互•一ゴ丄s互ej: hpre"b” cer し:Lf、T that I am associ-; at ed with the General ead quart ers of the Su-oreme Commander for the; Allied Fowe re, and that the atove certification was obtained by me from; the aboTe signed oxiicial of the Svdss .-oYer iment in the cohduct cf my; official "business•; Signed at 一 _J'ok^c on this /s/ るr!c」上 IleiEher^nd Lt>AUSiiI; UA1G; ,5th da: ofJDecem^er,, 1946•; . . • ' I • • • _ • " • - “ — — 一 • - — - — — — • • • — — • 1 II _ V M ,; l^itness:_/sy_ &uj:ti_s Official Capacity; /sj 7ニ Bps-it —; Signauuxe of Official; Document Ho. 1469B Page 1; The &aimusho 2 March 1942; Tokyo; Translation; Ho. 71/T3; To the Minister:; I have the honour to acknov:ledge receipt of your; Excellency; ?; s letter of 20 ?eTmiary last, N o 。 7 。 1 。 一 ce,; in which you informed me of the vie^s of the Government of the; United. States on the treatment of prisoner。、of war and. civil; internees.; I desire to inform your Excellency that the Imperial; Government intends to taks into consideration, 'with regard to; provisions and clothing to "be distri"buted, the national and racial; customs of American v;ar prisoners and civilian internees placed under; Japanese power©; Asking you. to kindly inform the American Government; of the United States of Atne3"ica of the above,; I am, yours truly,; Minister of Foreign Affairs; o cument ITo.146 9-A—P; SociiiQent "o*; 1469-?; 1び 3-D; 1469-C; 1463-E; ?a ざ e 2; ZDCHEIT A; Descri-otion; Co^y of letter dated 27 - ecemlDer 1941 from; the Sッiss -.inister to Shigenori TOGO,; /oreign minister.; Letter dated 2° January 1942 from the; Japanese inistrv of ^ oreign Affairs to; the Swiss rdnister (lie. 11/T3),; Letter dated 29 January 1942 from the; J?•orneBe inister of xoreign Affairs to; the Swiss minister (No. 22/T3).; Copy of letter dated 2C Fetroff-ry 1342 from; the Cv/iss "inister to Ghigencri ? C G O ,; Japanese -oreign ..inister (E3.7.1.-ce).; Letter dat^d 13 ?ecruary 1942 from Japanese; Hinistry of foreign Affairs to the Swiss; Minister (iTc. 46/T3).; 1469-A Letter datr-4 2 “arch 134^ from the Japanese; Ministry of i^crei^n Affai: s to "the Swiss; .inister (iTc. 7l/T3)^; C E S T I ^ I C A‘T B; I-P.S. 1•;69-A-?; cStatement of Scurce arc; 1; . Authenticity; 11 —ll^it旦rJB^s旦i , here"bv certify "bĥ .t I an officially coih-; nected with -ohe G-oTernment of Switzerland in the following capacity:; S^vdss — , and as such, officialエ have custody; cf the dccaments, consisting of six letters and notes, as listed on; ^xhioit A attached hereto and described as follows: True copy of—; letters, and nojfees, jji—へこeぶ:h fy.-Jinis_t,er w i e r ' ^ a n l addressed; to_the_J^anese l o r - l ^ 4び Aレ i ^P-l1:せ ̂ r i ^ a ^ r ^ I i e s; ihe.re^o. the_Jaoane.s,e Hinis.try^of £oroigii Affai_rs_ ac dressed to bhe; S_witzerland. __; I further certify that the attached letters and notes are official; records of the Swiss Legation in Japan and thalj they are a. part of the; official archives and files thereof•; _/sJ マニ Bcs'-ii 一 —; Signed a七 Tokyo on this Signauuxe of Official; 5t.h day of Decemlper,134c. jDwi^s^Dji^ioniati^ Z.eiDresentptiTe; Oflic-ia'i Ca^aoicy; Witness :一/旦/— Max B。Ton; otatei'ient of Official °rocu?eme-n'o; I ii-^leisher here*b^ cer しif” that エ am associ-; ated with the General -eadq;ュヒr七ers of the ouoreme Commander for the; Allied Fowery, and that the atoye certification was ottained bj me from; the ato^re signed official of the Swiss C-over nnent in the conduct cf m̂ *; official "businecs*; Signed at 一 on this /s/ Iri,c_ 上 I t » A u ' S i I I; 腿 E; 5th da; of^Deceintsr,1946.; IPS _; W i t n e s s ! I , — A 三 2iirl-is Official Capacity; Docament i; T; o» 847-1); ノ; Em"bassv of the Argentine HeiDublic; ? okyr,; o January 1942; M . l e i-iinistre, ,; Carrying out tlie instructions received from my G-overnment; I haTe the hcrxor to i n f o m Your Excellency tiiat the G-oTrernments of; G-reat Britain and the DoiLinions of Canada, Australia and î Few; Zealand state that tliey will observe towards Japan the terms of; the Iirfcernatioiial Coirrentiori on the treatment of t)riscners cf war; signed at G-enera on 2?th -July, 1929.; At the same time, mv G-oTerninent has instructed me to ask,; through. Your Excellency, if the Imperial GrOTerninent of Ja"つan is; •prepared to make a similar declaration.; In than; 1ぐing lour 3xcellency in advance for your kind; attention to this letter, I "beg ycu to accent, M , l e ..linistre, the; renewed assurances of ny highest esteem.; /s/ Srasto 24. Villa.; His Excellency; f;  レ、Shigenori -0G-0; Minister f^r foreign Affairs; Tv.D.C.I'o.; I.P^S. Fo. 847-D; Statement of Source and Authenticity; I, EAYASHI K a o m , hereby certify that I am officially connected; with, the Jaoanese G-oveminent in 七lie following capacity: Chief of the; Arc'dves Section, Ja.oanese ? o r Q i g n Office • and that as such official; I liave custody of the document hereto attached consisting of 1 T>age,; elated 3 January> 1942, and described e.s followss Copy of letter in; Japanese from Argentine Charge d; 1; Affairs in Tokyo to foreign Minister TOGO; in regard to treatment of Prisoner of War,; エ fiirther certify that the attached record and document is an official; document of the Japanese Gover rment;  #;  and that it is part of the official; archives and files of the following named ministry or department (speci-; fying also the file number of citation! if any* or any dther, official; designation of the regular location of the document in the archives or; files)i jPot-eign Ministry; Signed at Tokyo on this /s/ HAYASHI; Signature of Official; 7th day of Hovem'ber.1946.; SEAL; Witness: /s/ フggahara Odo Chief of Archives Section; Official C a m e it y; Statement of Official Procurement; I, __Hichard H , Lareh , herety certify that I am associated with; the General Headquarters of the S^upreme Commander for the Allied Powers,; and. "bhat the a"bove certification was obtained "by me from the above signed; official of the Ja.-oanese G-ov ernment in the conduct of my official "business •; Signed at Tokyo on this; /s / Hi chard H,Le.rsh 一 _; l<3th day o f j o v e m b e r ^ 1946. M M E; '•ittiess: /s/ Edward P>Monoghan Investigator, IPS; Official Capacity; JJociv>ent ITo. 547 — S 丄; Srabassy of the Argentine luてpublic; Tokyo; 5 Janupry 1942; M . l e ..mistre,; As an addition to my note of the 3rd Instant, in which; I had t:トe honor to inform Your Excellency of the proposal cf the; &overnments of G-reat Britain, Canada, Australia and -Tew Zeala.nd; to obserre towards Ja'oen the terms of the Int;ernetional CcnTention; on the treatment of -orisonors of war signed at Grne^ra cn July,; 1929; 1;  I hare the honor to "bring to the knowledge of .our -; :; xcellencv; th3.t the British G-overnnent -orcDoses that, in the aorjlication of; Articles 11 and 1 o f the said Ccirren七ion, relative to the pro-; vision of food and clothing to prisoners of "both "Darbies, it will; consider the national and racial customs of the prisonrrs.; In thanking Your Excellency in advance for your kind; atteiiticn to this letter, I beg マon to accent,i.•丄,le -.inistre,; the renewed assurances of my highest esteem.; His Zxcellency h; %;  Shigenori rりGO; ilinister for J'orc-ign Affairs ,; Tokyo.; C E E T I P I C A U; W.D-C* Ho.; I.P.S. llo. 847-E •; Statement of So-urce and Authenticity;; I, Odo Na.^ahairu , hereTey certify thet I am officially con-; nected with the Japanese G-ove^rnment in the following capacity: Assistant; Chief of the Archive日 Sectinn, Japanese Foreign Office; and 七hat as such official I have custody of the docuunent hereto attache:'; consisting ’f 1 vage, dated 5 January, 1942, and. described as follows:; Letter in French fr^m Argentine Charge d; !; Affaire in Tokyo to Foreign; Minister TOGO cLgited 5 Jamiarマ1942,; I further certify that the attached record and document is an official; document cf the Japanese Oovernment, and that it is part of the official; archives and files of the. fnllovdng named ministry or departmeirb (siDeci—; fying also the file number or citation, if any; t;  or an; e; y other official; designation of the regular location of the document in the archives or; files:) foreign Ministry; Signed at Tokyo on this Is/ STagaharu Odo; Signature of Official; 8th day of Fovemter., 1946*; SEAL; Ass^t* Chief, Archives Section; Witness: /s/ S. Koyama Official Capacity; S弋element of Official Procurement; I, Eichard H. Larsh • hereby certify that I am assooiatrd; with the General HeadquaTlers of the Supreme Commander for the Allied; Powers, and that the s.tove certification was obtained, 'by mo from the; a"bove signed official of the Japanese Government in the conduct of my; official "business.; Signed at Tokyo on this /s/ Richard H. Larsh; MME; 8th of i、Toマ.,1946.; Investigp.tor, IPS; Official Capacity; Witness:」sゾ Edwa.rd P^Monoghan; Document 2To«. 1465-C Page 1; !• The C-cvor mon; :; z he s net rai ifiel the; agveevaiit 丄し聊丨“パャ”.and therefore it would; not "be "boui-vj. to any extent "by the said agree-; ment;  s;  "but wou丄apjp'.Ly mutatis mutandis the; provisions of the said a^'eenien!; towai'd the; British, Canadian;  r;  Ausurar.ian and STew Zealand; prisoners of war under Japanese control.; The Imperial Government v/ould consider the; national and racial manners and customs under; reciprocal conditions when sur>piyi:ag c丄ofchin芍; and provisions to prisoners of war.; I should oe grateful if you would "bring the; foregoing to the kaopledge of the Gover nnents of Great; Britain^ Canada, Australia and Sew Zealand.; ? l e a s e accept, Mr. Chargi d; f;  Affaires;  f;  the re-; peated assurance of my highest regards.; letter of the; inform ycu of; the七ぴ压七!!̂!!七; 19th of this; the マi.‘.3WG of; of prisoners; following "ap; month; P;  I have the honor; the imperial G-overriment; of war:; / Signature of Minister /; HonoralDle Charg& Affaires:; 29 J anuary 1942; ' - • / も /; Doc. K o . 1 4 6 5 — C; Statement of Source and Authenticity; I, K . Hayashi hereby certify that I am officially connected with; the Japanese O o v e m i r t in thn f o l l o v d ^ capacity: Chief of the Archive; Section Foreign Office and that as such, official I have custody of the; document hereto attached consisting of :!. pa^;es, dated 29 January 1942 ana; described as follows; Copy of latter in Prench from Japanese Foreign; Minister to Argentine Chr.rge d; r;  Affair a-.? dated January 2 S , 1 9 4 2 , in; regard to treatment of priscners cf .wa.、; I further certify thr.t the attached i-^corcl and document is an official; document of the Jr.paneso Government., ai:.d •じha七 it is part of the official; archives and files of the following r a m i !r.inisfcry or depa.rtment (speci-; fying also the file number or cior„ti^n, if any, or any other official; designation of the regalex locr.tion of -he document in the archives; or files) i The Ministry of foreign Affairs; Signed at Tokyo on tliis K , Hayashl; day of Sept.,1946 Signature of Official; SEAL; Chief of Archives Section _; Witness: /s/ Nagabara Odo Official Capacity; Statement of Official Procurenent; I, John Curtis, hereby certify ths/fc I an c.3sociated with the; General Headquarters of the Supreme Commrnler for the Allied Powers,; and that the abova descritad document vjas stained bv me from the a"bove; sij^nei official of the Jap.aneae Soverr.ment in the conduct of my official; "business.; Signed at Tokyo on this; 5 day of Sept.,1946 M J. A . Curtis 2d Lt,; 腿 I S; Witness: s/William 。 !?r。ti"t :"!nvestigator; Official Capacity,; C ^ E T I f l C A T E; C; W. D. C. Uo,; !• P. S. Fo,; Evidentiary Document TTo. 543 ° •; 5YN0-?olJ 07 2VIDZNCI -; Pa.se 1; oI^^ORZ.; A* At the Time of Canitulation.; 1• (a) Ti-osecutio^ document numbered the declaration of; V/OJNG SIN JOON, is now oifered for identification and the msr^ed excerpt; offered in evidence. This declaration states that on 19 Februar3^ 19b2 the; witness and other raembers of the Chinese;  T r; oiunteer Force, surrendered; themselves voluntarily in view of ;j'aTDanese a.ssuraces as to their safety.; They マere marched to the Drill:-Isl'i and next day all seventy men ”ere taken; in trucks to Chan^i where the3; r;  マere stripped o? their possessions and led; to the beacho; Tliey マere lined ux in two rows of 35 sachj facing bren; machine ^uns and tommy guns• Ths Japanese o-oened fire and the witness; fell down into the sea. Minutes later つhen he raised his bead, the sea; crater had turned red and the bodies of his companions were lyin^ around; hini, riddled ^ith bullets. The witness and three other mounded men; managed to dra^ •fchemselves array•; (b) IVosecution document numbered 537紅,"being the sworn affidavit; cf ム.F • Ball,is offered for identification and the marked excerpt is; offered in evidence. Zrosecution document numbered 3051, being the; sworn affidavit of C.7. Perry,is offered for identification and the; marked excerpt is offered in evidence. ?rosew.tion document numbered; 50i}.7-B, beinj the s-'om affidavit of Hev. Cr» ?o la in, is offered for; identification and the marked excerot is offered in evidence. These; affidavits state that卜; (i) Major Ball,011 or about 22 February 19IJ.2, ^hen ordered by the; Japanese to bury a number of bodies, found about 140 dead Chinese; by the T?ater;  r; s edge* 3ome;  _; 7ere boys and some old !nen and they; had been dead, 011 estimation, between one to four days.; (ii) ?te. ?erry, hearing machine gun fire at Ciiangi, went to see; Trhat was haopenirc and was ordered bac': by a Japanese guard.; Later the witness sav; the dead bodies cf some 1».0 Chinese and; Inlays on the beach, and on examination, found tliey had been; shot.; (iii) The Rev. ?olain in Anril 1942 saw 43 Chinese bodies lying dead.; They had been shot.; (c) !prosecution dccinient 5^47-B also states that the witness "Rev.; Polain saw six Australians lying dead near Bukit Ti^iah. The men formed; &;  section of the witness's own Battalion and had been shot some time; earlier- They were lyin^ alongside an open jrave, their hands tied ^ith; tope and cloth, T7ith bandaged eyes.; Doc. 5430- 2 ’; (d) Prosecution doGument numbered 52^2, beinj s^orn affidavit of; L• ‘• ; ;cC IM is offered for identification and the marked e^cer-ot offered; in evidence* Prosecution document nu-?iborsd 5^45 "oein^ the s^orn affiaa了it; of •ム CROFT is offered for identification and marked excerっt offered; in evidence« These documents refer to the execution of prisoners of war; by the Jat)anese, after their capture。; (i) .CcCann states thfi'c after his capture; f;  on 13 February 1^42: he; and a .Tiunber ci Aust.ral5.ans were marched; 9;  with tied h/?.nds,dovm; Reformauory Road until they arrived at a cree; 1; :. Tliere they were; f o m s d into a single file snd seven Japanese soldiers lined up; aboiit 30 feet a•マay ariasd with Brit-lsh rifies。 Tlie Australians; 7!ere orderSD to face -'ohe cree.c sr!d 11cG3I).B. HEARD the R̂ OUND of "IB.e; rifle bolts bein^ ^ior\ed. and was t'lien svs.v.c z by a bullet ̂  He; fell into the cree'-: --; r; ith the other raen^ The Japanese then fived; a Dmnber of bullets into the bodies lyinニ OCIOTT. ニ;ieCann, having; waited until the J3.r>aner>s y;ere ニone ^as able to crawl a^ay.; (ii) Corporal Groft states that on 23 January, 1942? he ^as a でap.eenニer; in a Had Cross truc-c» marked In the proper マay, ̂ lien the vehicle; vras machine junned。 The oassenders ^ere marched about three miles; and put into native huts»; Later, a;  w; Japanese piard came in and too!: out three men with; tlieir hands tied together。 :Te thought they フere bein^ taken out; for questioningj it マas not loi^ before three shots ran^ out and; left no doubt as to what had haっpen.ed* Tliey ksot comins in and; 3〇iuニ out, tairing three each tiae and then there ^ould be more; shots.; rras in the last three to jo. '; r; e Treve taken to ths front room; and made to sit down and then blindfolded. "e *rere then led; outside, still tied to^eth^r, and made to sit dovm not far from; the house• It was not I0M3 before something crashed into me and; I was knoclied b a c k ,エ was caught "by t^e hee3. and thrown into a; drain. Later I slipped the blindfold and had a look. I; couldn’t see any one about •••。 and so エ c r a w l e d out of; the drain ••--I was Trounded, a bullet having entered the left; side of ray head about the cheekbone and out on the ri^ht side at; the bade of my neck, I was sT)ittiir; blood airl thsre vrs "blood; ever^'TThere iiatiTes エ mei; 77ould not have anything to do マith; m e . Then I discovered エ could not speak.^; (e) Prosecution document 3031, beixx^ the affidavit of Lt-Col.; HT!ATH; 3ふ 0” fomerl3r Coxnaiandins 9 Coast Rejt •, H , is now; offered for ident.i-fic.au〕on and the mar Iced e;:cerpt offered in evidence.; This affidavii; states -chat tiirsemen of the witness; f; s Regiment having; escaped, when apprehoroed ^ere shot on 19 Harch in the presence; of the witness.- Strong pretest made by General .""ercival to the Japanese; in Chanニi ⑩ unavailing*; Doc. 5430. 3.; 2 • Prosecution Document numbered bein^ the affidavit of L•マ•; -.•BIGHT is noT7 offered for identification and the marked excerpt offered; in evidence. This aff••iavit states that the witness about 25 January; 1942 saw a British ambし丄ance convo2^ bombed from a IOTT height in Johore,; by Japanese bombers^ マisi,oilit3r was excellent and the attack was; deliberate, Four or five of the vehicles ^hich contained bounded men; were hit, and three of them Trere leffc burnii^® The vehicles ヮere; plainly marked \7ith trie "Red Cross on th« sides and roof and there ^as; 110 military target nearby。 In the : Iuar ^iver fi^ lit ins a party of; prisoners roped toぶether with about 10 or 12 prisoners and ^as; marched for some days. One of the x>erty had been ill and could not walk.; It officially reported to bin "by the survivors that he was taken off; the string of prisoners into the jungle and shortly after that a couple; of shots were heard;  0;  Tb.e Japanese j^uard returned jrinning and the march; uas resumed. The ^uard later told the survivors that the siclc man had; been shot beoausehe could not kee*o up with them.; 3 . (a) rrosecution Document nuoibered 5°52-B is offered for; identification and the marked ercerpb tendered in evidence. It is the; affidavit of ? S T U ^ T who in .January 1942 耵as Senior ic-presentative; of the Australian 只ed Cross Society attached to the 'J.exandra Hospital,; Singapore. This affidavit states that on Saturday, February 14> 1942»; the hospital was stormed by Japanese troops, who raced through the; building bayonett-irG and shooting all uho came in their path, leaving; behind theoi a path of death and destruction* The medical staff Fas; wearing the ^ed Cross brassard, beds had "Red Cross counterpanes and the; conventional markings were on the outside and inside of the building. A; hu^e led Cross approximately feet square vras on the ニround immediate丄y; in front of the "building The witness saw two British soldiers of the; Manchester 只 eご imen七 bayonet ted. After the raid he sav dead bodies whici; had been bayonet ted or shot; several had been "rounded. At this time an; operation was in progress on a British soldier and he was under an; anaesthetic• TV/o doctors and t^o medical orderlies were in attendance.; A Japanese thrust his bayonet throuGh the body of the Dat ierxt • other; Japanese turned upon the medical staff and killed one doctor and one; orderly and. wcunded theother two. Dozens of dead bodies ere picked up; in the hospital ニrounds at nightfall» Towards evening the Japanese; mustered 133 patients and staffs Some of the patients were without; footgear, scms hereon crutches, ethers with limbs in plaster» They; •ere marched away and only two of the men were evsr seen ajairu These; men reported the terrible sGreairL.s of their companions who were evident丄y; bayonet ted on Sunday, February 15th, One Japanese was seen wiping the; blood off his bayonet. Later on, enquiries were made as to the welfare; of themen, but the Japanese replied that they did not have any prisoners; of war. A few days later a Japanese officer told the CoO. that our mery; had been buried in shell holes with Japanese dead, about half a mile; to the rear of the hospital. The total killed was 323, of whom 230 ^rere; patients. The R.A.u.C. lost i;7 percent of the medical personnel and; 55 percent cf the officers on the staff.; Doc. 5430.; Later a crowd of Japanese entered the hospital and forcibly looted; everything of value, such as watches, fountain pensj r.in^s, cigarette; cases, trinl-cets, money ; etc;  c The witness was never recognised as a; representativeof the Rea Cross Society although application vxas repeatedly; made.; (b) TTosecution Document numbered 5373 bein^ the solemn declaration; ©f J • G H A V】 is offer yd for identification and the marked excerpt offered; in evidence. In January 19421 the deponent ccnmanded the Alexandra; 'lospital; oircapr-re- and he confirms the events related by FcC. Stuart•; The declaration further states?-; n; Tuesda3^ 17 February 1卿•; "The Japanese G^CKG。 caliefi at ths hospital at 3 P«ni.»«• He expressed; reコret for the har亡 time t-he hospital had liad and assured me that the; Japanese were hard fi^b.りers but kindly captors and that we had nothing; to fear Before leaving he visiteA part of the hospital and finally; I wast old that I vas to regard bis visit a^beiii^ that of a direct; represent a u ive of the Japanese '"mperoi,and chat no higher honour could; be paid us»; n; "Evidentiary Document Ne, 543°•; Pafee 5; B . rrisoners of '^r 5.n Intermerit»; 1; #;  (a) Jrosecutxon Do euro en t numbered 5〇ら3 bein〔; 6ff idavib of; :..IAIN is now off ers•ユ for ideajt if icacion a.t)d the ma rived exc erpt •; offered in evidence;and rro=3e^ution Vo^vxn.ent mmbered 50S]. "beiu^ the; affidavit ol; s;  Ueixt, F , RAIISBOTIIA,! is offered i'or identification and the; marked oxccrpt c;ffe?jed in evidence,; These affidavits sta^e tbat in tbe Greac uxld Camp and on; parties, prisoners were beat-e^ aud a.: saul^ej v ccio-usly end regularly; They were kicked, bea i sn. ^ith any eon yenienb inst.rumc!"へ.-"Vvhipped;  ?;  'Loclced; into unventilafced fjziIぃonfi•ユea spcicee? ニhroTTn into boil iii^ bとu'iis, and; generally at tlie will it taejj captorsp; (b) -rose^urion DocuinenT, nujubered 5-3^5 し he affidavit of Lt -.Gcla; ICATH, D.o.Or;  t;  is ガで:!. I:or •;.dentificabicn aid the mar-kod excerpt; offered in evidence. This ax fid a? it states tha'l; in at Havelock; Road Camp, prisoners fran c>hex c&oip snd fr^om the adjoirdn^ River Velley; 3aiup vere paraded* The l'; r; 0C me:i; :i; i2'jsvly sick and "bare .footedっ were then; forced to run round in a lax-je circlec for thirty-five minutes* The; Japanese Commandant in addressing cb.e <v.ea;  P;  said ! have proved to you; that you can dance in "bare feet5 therefore ycu can work in bare fest ^; This r/as -foe onl}^ action taken on repeated requests for adequate; footvrear to be provided for the prisoners.; Food and medical stores uerealrzays in short; supply*; (c) ?rcsecution Document irambered be5n3 the affidarit of; S^t. riC'OSZ•エ,is no、.7 offered for identif '2.oa 1;icyn and the marked; exc©.; r; p'u offeree in eTidonee* Tha.s affidavit uo the inhuman coil-; d it ions existing in the :iiiitary Gaol, Pearls "lill?risen,; lien ware beaten ana torti-ired to death てith little prcvocation.; Chinese and ""urasicCisc to: to walk or era,7l; ?;  rrere carried out on; stretchers to be e::acuted „; w; .7hen Hatfield vrs.s coiaeraiiod to die. he r/as kept in an onpty; cell for six days p?.lor to his execut ion le had a he,丄:ror of; beheadixig QJ-JCI the guards n^ver los'i; an opportUxiity of t c m e n t i a ^ hirn; witli reminders of what was to cone,、 His ineir'Gal anguish must have; been almest unb©arable» Froni a 16 stone man he had become a 7 stone; wreck and ヲas executed on 6 December 1943- n; len were driven mad by constant 11 J.- treatment and a Chinese; killed himself by beat in"- his hoad against the wall of his cell.; vident iary Docuiasnt ”o * 5430 •; 2,; pa“e 6; The -orissuers マere hopelessly undernourished and covered in; scabrous sores. When they were thought to be about to die, they マere; sent to Chan;i •'/.てlosっital, so that the prison death rate did not; atDnear too jreat»; 2 • (a) ^osecuticn document numbered the affidavit of Lieu七•; ニi3, is offered for identification and the .narked excerpt offered; in evidence, "'his document refers to the many instances of maltreatment; of prisoners of ^ar in Outra-n load;  n; T; aol,; (b) "^rosecution Document n m b e r e d 5395, the affidavit of Lieut.; •ノバへ D -.N is offered for identification and the marked excerpt offered in; evidence <; I マas a Lieutenant in the 2/4;  T; .achine lun Battalion, •エ.F.,; and -̂cis taken OT is oner on 15 7ebru^.ry 1942 at Sin -apore.; 2_ I vras taken to lelaraixj ^ri3oner of ‘ 'ar Gainp, from ^hich T; eseeded on 17 ‘;  r; aroh, with an iustra'.ian C o r p o r a l . e crossed the; 'Straits of Johore ii:a saall prau aュid as we approached a small fishing; village, our ii^nediate destination, 7ere captured by;  m; a-iils and slays,; who handed us over to the"'empei Tai しn 6 April I spent k days; rith the ''emvei っai, who tortured me、y burning cigarettes on my chest; and hands and by beating vne on the heed with bamboos, to force a con-; fsssion that I vias a spy,; 3* I マas transferred to Curran camp, T7hich was the Silch luard; caraつ fcr Cha:j ,and held there u n t i l 1 7 Ar)ril; t;  ^hen I was seirb bscレ to; the;  T,em”ei Tai. I was .held there until 22ト April, during vrhicli ti^ne I; uas asked to si.ぶn a stateoient, which T refused. xfter four days of; beat inご,ournin;; with cigarettes and elsctrical shocks, which on one; occasion knocked ,ne unconscious, T was !i5inded a statement in;  T; apanese; ^ith no ""n^lish translation, which I マas ordered to siぶn under; threats of further torture. T asked for e, translation of the document; ^rhich was refused and eventually I si.jned the Japanese docuaent. T; ^as then sent to out ram つ oad Gaol on 21\ \pril•; k* On l]ay 1942 T was brou jht for trial before a Japanese; Court "art ial in 3ir: ;apore. All the "proceedings ’ "ere in Japanese and; there •マas no translation. I eventually learned that T had received two; years solitary confinement • I ”as then removed to ^utrai "Road 'raol in; which O'aol I remained unt5.113;  7lay 1944.; 5- The cells in Outran load were 6 feet by 10 feet, normally; one raan per cell. Later two cr three men ^; ?; ere r>ut into sach ce丄丄• In; the cell were three boards to serve as a bad, together with a hard; wooden pillow. There vas a latrine bucket; f;  T7hich was normally cleared; twice a week. There was one blanket, DuriJi'j the two years I 抓as in; the ^soi, approximately 2,400 military and fion-Japanese personnel passed; through the ^aol. Of those 110 vrere m i l i t a r y , R r i t i s h and; Pa^e 7; ""videntisr • Document >; T; 。》543^•; 'urasian. The remainder were Chinese, 'alays and Tamils. Of those,; approxixnately 1 , 0 0 0 people died in all. "Xirinj the sosae period, 3 ,000; Japanese oassed thr#u.jh the ごaol, of whom only #ne died. The most the; ぶaol held at any one period of ti.ie, of non-Tapanese personnel,珂as 230.; • 6 . The conditions in Out ram Road were a-opalliu^* The ration con-; sisted of three meals per day, in all 6 02% of rice and pints of; watery soup.;  n; here ^as no Japanese doctor in the prison camっ and the #ne; ”n',lish doctor, a prisoner for a short time in the canro, was jiven nr; facilities rzith v/hich to deal with the sick, He was not even allowed to; visit them. The ぶa©l Fas 250 yards away from Singapore Qoneral Hospital,; the nain hospital of Sin ;cpore; t;  but no prisoner -7as ever sent -chere,; except for one Chinese who tried to co^Tii-5 suicide before t r i a l . " e was; taken to taeHosoital where his head "-ras sewn up,and brought b3c'c to the; ;jacl for trial.; There were 110 siegers, no towels, no toilst articles of any; nature. In order to wash ourselves ^e were saaetia s ;iven a bucket of; water to throw over ourselves- 7or the first six vreeks T never left :ay; cell and never .iad a wash.; 7 . l i e T first arrived in the janl it was like bedlam.つeo]〕le; Here s cream in j all day from, pain fran their wounds and their beatings*; The jaol CoiBnandant used to cc:ae and v/atcli us, oiake no co^aent and leave.; The guards,both "oresn and Japanese, had complete control over the; prisoners. I saiT oany prisoners beaten ancl I saw many people die.; "xanvoles are as follov7s:-; On 10 May 1943, 4 Chinese arrived in the prison. They ヮere hand-; cuffed and chained 行0..711 ir: their cell. They were in :ニood physical con-; dition. The^r were dead in six マeeks of malnutrition and beatings. T sa,マ; them, often be?.ten by sticks and sword, scabbards•; Davie St an ‘ njlisbman, very bi ぶl3r built, arrived at aprjrcxi^iately; the So.ae tine as I did in Arjr\1!19i}.2; f;  he contracted beri beri and by; August his testicles were two feet in diameter* His only method of 〒厂alkin.〕; was to carry them in front of hiia» The Ja-osnese used to briaj their; friends in to watch him and never did anythin; to helo him, nor permit; others to help him. Navies died in October in great a; :; ;;on:; r; . TTe had been; beaten inanj" t Lass grid he died covered in his o" ~n excreta and urine^ 7ov; five days before his death he had been unable to laave his cell and,e; ポere not allowed to lielo •; > Barter died on 13 February 1943 > as a result of beat i n 〉; Shortly before he died, he was very weak, suffering fro] beri beri and; dysentery and mn 12 February/; f;  the ;uard cane into his cell and forced; him to his feet to carry his latrine bucket out to ejipty it• :t tiis; ti.ae Barter was nerely skin and bone*  rle was unable t參lift the bucket; and tried to draj it alon^ the jround« He was unable tc do this,lioマever,; and fell down. The juard beat him and kicked hiia for near five .ninutes.; The next jiorniD •; he was dead •; Page 3; T”o Chinese women were brought into the jaol on 26 Jul:,; a lid were held in the sane circumstances and coftditions as the men.; ヮooian 7/as in an advanced staje of pre ;nancy. She ’vas moved only; few days prior to the birth of her child.; .vident iary Oocuaant ato. 545^*; 5-; “lien, an Australian, died on 10 July 1943* After his death,; vritliout the knowledge of the Japanese authorities, his body was; vrei ;hed by our ovm medical people in CJhan^i. ^he weight was lbs.;  f; apprcociroately That ths bones of themselves ^ould weish* 7or the fort-; night before his death, he was not able to leave his cell, or even to; move about. Nevertheless, the :;uar^s put rice in a corner of the; cell, ^/hich Allen was not able to reach» I asked :nany times to be; allowed to feed hi a but the various guards refused • I was ordered to; dress him after his death and ^hen I saw him he was literally bone; covered in scales as a result of dry beri beri #  TJ.e was covered in; filth-; Hatfieia, an Australian Ser ;eant, was cau ;ht in Sin;;at)ore in; Ma:、1943. He s^ent three nonths vrith the "enpei Ta5. and was then; broujht into the jaol in ムuニust. Tie was tried in Tv"feve iber 1弥3,and; sentenced to be executed as a s,)y. I had sora'3 snail knowledge of; Jaoanese and I,7ss taken to "latf iel? on 4 Dec sab er 1943, asked me; to arrar^e frr him to ニlake a v rillmd for a ’riest. Both these requests; rrers refused by the jaol Ocnoandant4 "Tatfie].d was taken away frooi the; ぶaol on 6 December, and the juard '/ho execut3d hLa told me later that; he had had the pleasure of execntinj;  T T; atfieli in a field at Pukit; Ti aah.; Nixon, the only —uronean Ionian T saw at Out rail Roaa,; caue in January 1944- 3he had been an ? n t e m e e at She was; brought in by the irempei;  r; -?ai and confined in the same circumstances as; ourselves, without any privacy, ^ e ^as still there when I left in; May 1944, in solitary confinement•; ?at her ilassine and another "ortu^uese "driest マere brought; into the ニaol in 1943 anrl. had both been tortured previously by the; Xenipei Tai, They died of disease in the ;aol. :!assine '沈3 regularly; bsat by the -uards -7hen they saw hln on ills knees orayin.r;.; lu ;h Eraser, the Colonial secretary; f;  arrived with a; party at the end of 1943. 'Te had been マith tbs Temnei Tai some four; months nrior to his arrival, le vxas beaten bj; r;  the ::;uarベs re^ultifly; ancl died after I left•; There 17as an " n^lislman -7I10;  f;  .in ”ay 19^-3 • Sevelotjed a form of; scabies as the result of which, the whole of the area at the back of; his body fron the waist to knees, became an sore, which dripped; pus.;  T; Ie iss quite unable to sit o"m or lie derm for three months,; and r/as jiven no treat 1 nt, no bandages or ra;js to ^i'De the matter; coi.nir\r fro.:i the wound. Fortunately, eventually it どried by itself«; 1 9 4 3; One; Page 3; videntiary Document ]<k> * 5430*; 5-; A Chinese boy, ajed 12, cauie into the ^acl with his mother.; 'lie was put into o:.ie cell and he in another. He oied of beri beri in; about nine weeks. I carried his body -faexi he was dead. It was all; つuffed out and his head was so swollen that the features vrere n©t; cbvic-usly r ".cojnisable as human.; A nimber of pe#ple ^ent oiad under these conditions. The; Japanese method of treatment ^as to put three or four more people; into the cell to loo!: after the lunatic. In most cases the tnad men; aied because he refused to eat. On several occasions he injured his; companions.; jvia jor Smith wlio arrived at the end of ドoveiber 19t3» harl had; his jsw broken, by the 一ermei during inter^ro ;at ion. It ロas exceed—; injly difficult for hi:-i to eat. le フas refused treatment in tlie; prison, the Japanese answer be in.;, if he had told the truth he rrould; not have had his ja、,r brov.en«; 3. At the end of 1942, the Drison authorities sent some of the; worst sick a:7ay from ^utran 只oad. to つhan';i " J o s o i t a l . T n almost every; case the .:ien sent vrere about to die, and the Doctors in the Hospital; told .ie that these sick Aen 一ere impossible to save and it appeared; tint the Japanese were send in.;; than so that the official death rate; in Outran load would aっpear to be less than it was in fact.; 9- I had a,oiぶ cyst on my ri ;ht hip in 3er)tonber 1943, from; vrhich エ suffered for nearly a month• "oreover, x r si〔,e ias enormcusly; swollen and I asked the juard to slice the tcp of it off, which he did; T7ith his sword and then drained the pus. This I took as a kindly act•; Inhere .へ-as a dispensary in the ^aol and a Jap^i^se orderly with a lar^e; nuaber of dri\js and instruments, who refused to treat me. Tn 4u^ust; 1942, tTo Japanese escaped from their portion of the ぶacl and as a; punishment for three v/eelcs all the prisoners had to si七 to intention,; tliat is 011 their heels aid cross-le^'jed; #;  from 7 in the morninj till; 9*30 at ni_,ht. The daily rat ion was 3 ounces of rice, a small bov7l of; ^ater and a piece of rcclc salt•; 10. I had one pair of shorts during the whole period, A-oril; 七o leptenber 1943* This the case with many of us. In Sept.e-iber; 19431 マere issued with one Javanese shirt and a r>air of shorts, which; had coine from diseased Japanese sick. These garments were マashed once; a month and o^in.j to their refusal to alio,;: us to maber or mark the; .;araents,110 prisoner nor aally ever received his o^n s a n n t s back.; In viei.7 of the diseased nature of most of the prisoners, under this; system it was impossible for anyone to veniain healthy. Tn a short; ti‘iiじ everyone had scabies.; 11* It is difficult to describe the cells in ^hich ’-e lived.; There were blood and pus stains 011 the マhere people had wipefi; ^"vident iary Do cument l^b. 5430.; 6.; P&ge 10; the hands tliey had used to dry their -7«unc5.s. ^iles of scaly skin lay; in the corners. There マere bed buコs in the boards of the b e d .マ e マere; never shaved and had to cut our nails by scraping them on The concrete; floors. All the guards,ore masks HThen they -' ere on duty in our bloc,:; of cells. "Phey never touched anytbinj in our cells irith their hands,; 0 2113' with their swords or with gloves• our cells でere cleaned to 、iy; kncoled^e, only twice in the tvro years. On the other liand the block; in v/hich the Japanese prisoners were housed マas beautifully clean*; 12 • I v e r y ;juard rras a law unto himself and one evening; a juard; vTculd beat us for not beiny asleep; the next on duty would beat us f#r; beiu^ asleep,; 13• There were wcrl:inj parties in the ^aol which began in October; 1942, when soiae of us went out cleaning drains. 3y ’:ay 1943 other; parties had been formed•; 14•エ七 was impossible 七o keep notesor a diary since cells rrere; searched daily. Outran lord jaol was the Central CJaol for the Japanese; Southern J%r=ay9 so that マhen a cell was e;npty マe either the man had; died or had been executed, or 耵as about to be executed.; 15-;  ;; hen T first arrived in the jaol I ㈣ in ths open buildings; マhich were around, six fully stocked with cases of tinned nil1:* I; estimate there were between 20 and 3〇 thousand cases. '•,e jot a little; for the first month; after that we had milk t; v r; ice on the *mper©r; f; s; Mrthday in 1942 and 1943* The milk was used by the Japanese for then-; selves in ャhe jaol and as -oresents to visitors• Tt was not distributed; tc other units. There was enou;;h .ailk in the .i;aol to su)ply every; prisoner with milk until the end of the vmr with a ^ood deal to s -)are; f; a lid vitanin 3 was, of course, «ur greatest need-; l6. On one occasion a manber of the loyal fanily walked through the; ニaol at the end of 1 9 4 2 • l e never locked into the cells, he merely; Falk^a into ihe passage. On several occasions hi^h ranking officers paid; visits to the jaol. They niust have seen some of the prisoners at their; v;ork carrying their latrine buckets to be anptied• Trior to such; visits, the cell steps would be scrubbed with soap• 3oap was never; issued to the prisoners for the purpose of washing their bodies.; 17• the 13 May 1944, I left Ou七ram ^oad gaol and went back to; Chanぶi ニaol and was put in the tower- I was asked to si; :; ;n a non-escape; f•rai, which I did eventually under com-oulsion* I was then released and; became an interpreter,ぶoin^ to 3ukit つanjan^ with 379 officers and men,; to dij Japanese fortifications. The Australian Co腿andant -orotested; to the Japanese Serjeant in charge of the canro, and tc hi^i inspecting; officers FHO visited, as to the nature of the worl:, but to DO avail. In; June 19451 an Australian, Private;  T; ils,n, was killed in a fall of earth; owiiじ to insufficient precautions be in:; taken, durin:.; the tunnelling of; the hole.; Page 11; 一 v i d e n t i a r y Document J^b. 5 4 3° •; 7 .; The TOrk parties be ;an at 3 a,m. and mariied four or five mile; each m o r n i n > For the racst r)art, men、ad no bcots. 3o le used home-; made rubber shoes or clo:;s; ?;  others had bare feet ̂  Officers ^ere not; r e m i t t e d to leaire the canp, nor allowed to ^o Tith the working; parties, which normally returned at 6»30 ToFsrds June 1945, the; men bejjan to return fxom wori parties at 10 p.m. in the evenia^,; after working 2 C to 3C feet into ths side of a hill by candlelight,; and net haYirj"-; eat on since midday. They ottan came back マ et through*; No lights T7ere alioマed in the ca,nD and the hours Kere so irrejular .; that it was often very difficult to provide a hot ユeal at ni^ht•; Clothing was very short in the caiup and in about July 1945,; 5 0 pairs of Chinese women; 1; 3 bloomers were issued to the ^reat amuse-; ment cf the villagers as some of the men walked through the strets in; thenia "; r; e had very little medical stores in the ca.np and although; 200 yards a^ay vras a medical store distribution centre^ we were; unable to obtain any nevertheless, A ニood Seal of beating ir) by the; Guards took place> One order thrit all men had to salute sentries,; pr'rvided ample excuse for many beatinjs.; The ration for working men was 10 03. of rice daily, 3 o^*; , o f vegetables and cccasicnally tinned food, yrhich appeared to be; TR3d Gross supplies, since I saw led Cross parcels in the stores.; The rat ion for a sick man was about 3° Parent less* This affected the; camp basic rat ion, as about 5° percent of the can-o were sick."; ""rosecution Document numbered 5397» the affidavit cf Lieut• “ ふ; T; eynton» is now offered for identification and the marked excerpt; offered in evidence» This affidavit confirms the conditions of livinj; in Outraa ^oad saol and makes reference to the beatinj-s and mur^er of; prisoners,and to the execution without trial of Allied airmen and; civilians»; ( c ) l ^ o s e c u t i o n Document nuribered 5^77* beinj the affidavit of; Major J • . %D • BULL is noマ offered for ident if ioaticn and the marked excer-ot; offered in evidence, rrosecution "Docuinent numbered 5〇64-3, bein^ the; affidavit of :.Iajor 3.L.:二 CLARl-Z is offered for identification and the; marked excerpt tendered, in evidence. These documents refer to the jross; inadequacy of food supplied to the prisoners in Roberts Barracks and; ニRiNJI Caxip, resulti z in deficiency and other diseases; no attempt was; made hy the Japanese to control the incidence cf iialaria. Vhen men came; to hospital from work 011 the 3ur.aa-.3iam railway; 5;  in ap-oallin-j physical; c Mid it ion, the ?«〇•—“ Doctors vrere •ニ iven no help or facilities to deal; with them. There was a shortage of essential dru^s and stores.ムcccrmno—; daticn for the sick was greatly inadequate.; Page 13,; ^ideutiary つocumsirb Fo# 5^-3° •; 3.; After the surrender, the Japanese sent in enoroious Q.uant it ies of; food to the hospitals,つruss, instruments and other greatly needed; articles Here sent in. These had been in 3in;-a-ocre since 1942, yet; requests fcr food and d.ru^s to save life had always during internment; been refused»; 3 . Prosecution docunent numbered 5〇5ん"bein- the affidavit of; Bri^. G L U E , is noマ offered fcr identification aiid the ••Tiarked; excerpt offered in evidence. This affidavit states thats-; (i) Iii Septanber 19i|2; p;  four prisoners of vrar were executed with-; out trial by the Jaoanese for an attempted escape three; •Qonths earlier. They マere shot in the presence cf the; Titnees. \fter the execution the Japanese Commander ^ave; the spectators a hornily remind in:; the'n that diso-; bedience of orders .ncant death.; (ii) Owin; to the refusal to si召!! ncn-escaoe forms voluntarily,; the 16; 1; 000 prisoners of war under the comriand of the witness; were ordered to mcve into the sQ.uar©at Selaran^ Parracks by; 18C0 hours, 2 3epta;iber 1942• The normal accom..iodation of; the barracks was for roughly 450 men, ^he prisoners of war; remained thus until 4 September> when an agreement ロas; arranged• During this period no rations were supplied to; the prisoners of war, and there was a lar'je increase in the; number of dysentery anfi diphtheria cases, vacuaxion of the; sick fro^i the square into fie hospital was not permit ted •; (iii) In C h a n g C a m p, f o o d was alvrays inadequate. One of l6; stone weight dropoed to stone and. generally peoole vrere; at least one third underweight. "Deficiency and s\in; diseases vrere rife, .^;edical supplies マere grossly inadequate,; (iv) rrisoners were ei^a^ed on buildinj airfields, hours were lon^,; clothing was insufficient and rer)resentaticns to the; Comlanding Japanese general of no avail. Japanese aeroplanes; used the airfield after its construction•; (v) Demands made by the Japanese for マcrkin^ つarties 口ere; impossible to fulfil usin^ only healthy men* 3rc\z men マere; forced to rrarと and repeated ccxn^lsints were useless,; (vi) There マere no visits by any led Cross Representative, despite; frequent requests.; (vii) There Tere inspections of ^hai^i 0a の by hi-h ranking officers.; Ocunt Terauchi trdcc inspectoa the Caui->• General I T A H; inspected the caoip and walked through it • General T0J0; when in Sinjapore did not visit the Camp,; 4秦 Trosecution Document numbered 5〇57_3, the affidavit of,了; OT:ST is now offered for identification and the marked excerpt offered in; Page 13; ^yi^eutiai:^ Document Fo, •; evidence. This affidavit states that the witness, the "Red Cross; Represent at ive in Ilalaya;; interned as a prisoner of war in "River valley; Ca ip, was hampered and frustrated in every effort he made to use the; facilities of his Society for the benefit of the prisoners of T7arB; ,emission was refused to enable the witness to malce necessary rmrchases; and help prisoners of war in the hands of the ”empei ^ai-; The witness broujht the Red Cross Conventions and "Rules to the; notice of var5.ous Japanese officers in a fruitless endeavour to obtain; proper facilities.; Red Cross parcels;  T; vere misused and no supervision in their dis-; tribution was permitted..; Evidentiery Docunent No; e;  543〇•; p; age 14; Yi\0r〔IS Oi. ̂ vID. I^CE; S I a i: 0 F. E; C o Ii^TLhKEIS; A) Frosecution Document numbered 5078 being the; Affidavit of J, L, . • エ L S O ハ , , t h e x.ight Leverend Lord Eishop; of Singapore together with the report of the Sine x.osd; Commission in relation to "Ths Double Tehth" raid, is now; offered for iderrcificaticn and the marked excerpts offered in; evidence. This document states that; "On 10/10/43, all internees in Changi Prison were; paraded soon af"cer dawn in the ha.In Yard as if for a routine; roll-call c o o»; c;  number cf the internees were called out by; name, labelled and segregated;  c。,…Tiie investigation finished; after dusk and internees were allowed to return inside the; Prison,丄-any of then had had no food since 6 p。m. (T «,T.) on; the previous day, and some suffering distress pnd even collapse; owing to the day-long exposure to the sun without food.; In consequence of this investigation, 57 internees; were removed fron Changi Prison by the Military Police cn. or; after 10/10/43P。。。0tlie Japanese were trying to establish, that; there was a spy organisation in Changi Prison which received; af; v; d transmitted by radio telephony, which had established; contacts in the town for the purpose of sabotage snd ;stirring; up of anti-Japanese feeling, and which collected money from; outside for this purpose» In fact, there was no spy organisa-; tion, no radio transmission and no attempt to promote anti-; Japanese activities outside the C a m p; o; »; t 0; *; The conditions under which Internees were detained; by the Lilitary Police were rigorous in tlae extreme. They; were crowded, irrespective of race;  ?;  sex, or state of health,; in small cells or cages o They were so cranped that they could; not lie down in comfort. No bedding or coverings of any kind wert; provided and bright lights were kept burning overhead all night.; From 8 a,n, to 10 p.n. iximates had to sit up straight on the; tare floor with their knees up and were not sllowed to relax; or put their hands on the floor, or telk; ?;  or movej except to; £0 to the lavatory. Any infraction of the rigid discipline; involved a beating by the sentries. There was one pedestal; water-closet in each cell or cage;  5;  and tne water flushing into; the pan provided the only watei、 supply for all purposes,; including drinking。 It should be rscorcled lie re that nearly; all of vhe inmates suffered irom enteritis or dysentery, No; soap, towel, toilet articles or handksrchiefs were permitted; snd inmates had no clothing other than those they were wearing。; The food supplied .>, , »was insufficient to support; life over a long period and led to serious de;ficiency diseases; Page 15; Evidentiary Document I\o» 54-30 »; iri" all cases of lang detention,; Medicsl facilities。..were for; purposes non-existent. «:, ;a Japanese doctor-; see an Incernee suffering fron a fractured; ruptured kidney, remarked that the r.an was; Pare 2.; all practical; , w h o was called to; pelvis end possibly; not sick enough,.,.,; The biiildangs occupied Ly the Japanese Military; Police resoimdec? all day and al.l night with blows, the bellowing; of the inqiiisi'ocrs ; and tlie shi ieks of the tortured;  (;  From; time to time, victims fron the torture chamber would stagger; back or; ?;  if unconscious, would be dragged back to the ir cells; -»vith marks of .丨;heir ill-treatment cn their bodies; 0;  In one; such case; 5;  an iirconscious victim so returned died during the; night, without receiving eny medical attentionj and his hody; was not remove a tintil the afternoon. In these conditions,; and this atmosphere of terror, these nen and women waited,; sometimes for m o n t h s t h e i r suirjnons to interrogation which; might come at any hour of the day or night«,; Usually interrogations started quietly and would; so continue as long es the inquisitors got the expected answers;  t; If, for any reason, such answers were not forthcoming;  3; physical violence was imriedlately employed» The methods used; v?ere; (1)..ater Torture „ There were two forms of water torture,; In the first, xhe victim was tied or held down cn his back; and a cloth placed over his nose and mouth; a;  Wster was then; poured on the cloth。 Interrogation proceeded end the victim,; was beaten if he did not reply, As he opened his mouth to; breathe or to answer questions, water went down his throat; until he could hold no nore» Sometimes, he was then beaten; over his distended>stomach, sometines a Japanese jumped on; his stomach, or sometimes pressed on it with his foot.; In the second;  ?;  the victim was tied lengthways on; a ladder, face npwards, with a rung, of thfe ladder across his; throat and his head below the ladder。 In this position, he; was slid first Into a t'ujs of water and kept there until almost; drowned. After being revived, interrogation procoeded and; he would be re-immersed »; (2) Beating with ir on bars, brass rods;  3;  sticks; 5; bamboos, wet knotted ropes; 3;  belts with .Diackleピ,or revolver; butts, all over tne body, Whilst these testings were being; inflicted, the victims were some tines suspended o'j the wrists; from a rope passed over a bean。 Sometimes their hands were; tied behind the ir backs and they were forced to kneel on sharp; pieces of wood or iion, while sharp-edged pieces of wood or; metal were plsced behind their knees so as to cut into the flesh; as they I'nelt. while they were so kneeling the Japenese would; Page 16; Evidentiary Document N o . 5430. Page ^; jupip on their thighs or on the projecting ends of the tar or; wood behind their knees5 semetines to increase the pressure; on the wood or "bar behind the knees, a Jspenese would perch; himself on the shoulders of the victir, or the victim, with; hands untied; };  would be ccnpelled to ho^d heavy weights above; his head, They were often forced to remain in this position; without intermission for 9 to 10 hours, during which period; interrogation would go on remorselessly, punctuated by blows.; At times, the victin would be tied to a table and flogged -until; he lost consciousness。 In cne case, the man so H o g g e d comited; over 200 blows tefore losing consciousness; a;  This treatment,; was in some cases, carried on daily for 4 to 5 days conse-; cutively. In one case, a European who died later, 'Jas interro-; gated vdth the usual tea., ing,for 53 hours at a stretch and; another European since dead, underwent 144 hears of beatings; in all, according to the estimate of his cell mates; (3) During interrogation the inquisitor, in many-; cases, burnt the victim with cigarette and cheroot ends, even; on the most sensitive parts of the body, e rg. arm-pits, between; the toes, on the scrotum and penis. Several Asiatics had; petrol poured on their bellies and ignited, and another Asiatic; had his hands tied together and imcersed in a bowl of methylatei; spirit which was ignited.; (4) Electric Torture. There were two forms of this» In the; first, an induction coil was used, one electrode being attached; to the hand or foot and the other bare wire was applied to; various parts of the body. One victim reports that he was; thrown across the room by the vioiex ce off the shock. The; effect has been described as one of physical and mental; disintegration. The second form apparently moie severe, was; called the electric table or electric cap. There is evidence; that this was used but not on any of our witnesses.; (5) In addition to these forms of tortiire, the; inquisitor, often employed other methods? such as ju-oitsu,; twisting of limbs, bending back of fingers, twisting of sharp-; edged wood between fingers, punching, repeated blows on the sare; spot, and so on. These methods, in many cases resulted in; dislocations and permanent damage to linbs and joints, In one; case, the inquisitor punctuated his questions by flicking off,; with the frsyed end of a bamboo, flesh bruised in a previous; beating. This left a permanent soar, six inches by three; inches on the vict丄rr^s thigh,; (6) In several cases, victims were lf=d to believe that; their execution either by 'behe?.dlT\g or shooting, was imminent•; They were advised to write a letter of farewell; t;  Preparations; for execution were carried ou'c; 5;  up to the penultimate stage,; with such realism that, in two cases; the victims fainted,; Page 17; Evidentiary Document N o . 5^-30. Page 4•; (7) . .• •• .. .一:、 Threats to families。 Threa<; were slso made to take action against the family of the victim; (the wives of some internees were believed to be in Japanese; custody in other parts of Asia)c Torture was carried out to; the limit of human endurancie, One Internee attempted to comni.'; suicide by Jumping over the verandah; c;  In his fall he fractiirec; his pelvisj but, despite his condition, his interrogation; under torture was continued m t i i just tefore he died;  0;  In; another c a s t h e Internee asked his Inquisitors foで the means; to commit suicide, A pistol was produced and was snatched away; only when the man was about to carry out his declared intentioi; B) Prosecution Dccament numbered 5131, being the; Affidavit of C , E> HlLTLIiaAlvi^ is now produced for identificatic; and the marked excerpt of fered in evidence;  s;  Prosecution; document n-ambered ヲ20ヲ being the affidavit of Dr, B. M. JOHN'S; is offered for identification and the narked excerpt offered; in evidence«; These Affidavits confirm the evidence of the; Lord Bishop of Singapore and describe the tortures they; observed inflicted by the Kenpei Tai on civilians•; The witness Hiltermann states that "on one; occasion I saw the Bishop of Singapoie who had been maltreated; terribly, his legs from his hips to his ankles had been beaten; to pulp, They were literally like raw meat«*..He was just; about able to crawl; Every refinement of torture, every conceivable; humiliation, every possible degradation, was inflicted upon; the internees as these documents testify.; o んrんだJe ^ZjTG; も?/も; Evidentiary Doctiment No,; OFEi.I^G S T A T E i T; C O U N T S い , い , .; BLEAChES OF h^iS AKL CU^IOi S OF; OI'liiiCLS fi Itoi-EES OF ,ふ」._CI\「ILIi.:v hr-LLS; Ai'D ェ i i i _ F : i l i“ T S Oi. O C C U I:.D T"J:.I.ITOKILS.; M r . Justice A . J. Lansfield (Australia); Brig. H . G . Nolan (Canada); IviT . L . One to (I rance); C o l . G . S. Woolworth (U.S.); Capt. J. J. hobinson (U.S .N .L .); Lt. C o l . T . F . Lornane (Australia); Lt. C o l . J . S. S. Dairste (Netherlands); Lt. Cdr. C . T. Cole (U.S.); Major h . Depo (France); Major F. E.1'ostyn (United Kingdom).; f\s PU; This phase 01 the prosecution case covers oi'fences; under Article 5(b) of the Charter, that is violations of the; laws and customs of war, and comprises evidence of atrocities; against prisoners of war, civilian internees and inhabitants; of occupied territories, and evidence showing the responsibi—; lity for such atrocities of the defendants named in Counts 53?; 54 and 55 of the Indictment.; Evidence of atrocities in China and the Philippine; Islands has already been presented. That which will now be; presented will relate to other areas.; The phase has been divided into five parts, namely:-; I. Evidence of Japanese assurances in relation to; International Conventions.; II. Evidence ef the commission of atrocities by-; Japanese forces.; Ill. Evidence of protests made to the Japanese Government; and of the replies thereto.; IV. Official reports concerning the treatment of; prisoners of war nade by the Japanese Government; since 3 Septembei 194-5.; V. Evidence of the acts of the said defendants and; of their subordinates which demonstrate their; responsibility for the breaches of the laws of war.; I. EtVidence of Japanese assurances in relation; to International Conventions.; Geneva Led Cross Convention of 27 July 1929,; Japan was a party to this Convention and duly rati-; fied it. lurthermore, in a letter of 29 January 1942 signed; by Togo, Shigenori, as I oreign : inister on behalf of Japan; and addressed to the Swiss Minister in Tokyo, (rrosecution; Docunent i o . 1 4 6 9 - D ) , Japan agreed strictly to observe the; G e n e v a C o n v e n t i o n of 27 iuly 1 9 2 9 r e l a t i v e to the 1 ed C r o s s; as a signatory of that Convention.; Geneva F:: - .".oner of;  1; • ei Convention of 27 Julv 1929.; Japan signed but did not ratify this Convention.; 一 ? n v j o y pハ T n V.h<a at^vfi-pgnt.innpr> c«imnun±ca"EIon of ど9 January; 1 9 4 2 it w a s a l s o stated t E a l , a l t h o u g h n o t BOUIlfll t)y し;liy C D n -; vention relative t» the treatment of prisoners; -;  of war,; "to Atiei l e a n p r l s o n y r y uP war .‘; 2.; In & l e t t e r of 13 x T b r u a r v ^ 19; /; '; !; 2._s; -; ij.ned t y T o け; rs Foreign . inistei and. addressed to tHe twi?s .inister in; (. resetuti'oiTTociir^iit h o . 1^-69-E) , it w a s s t a t e d t h a t; the Japanese .Government woulc' sr ly for the duration of the; war, under conditions of reciprocity, the provisions of the; Convention relative to the treatment of prisoner s of war; of 27 July, 1529, to enery civil土sn internees, in so far; as they were applicable, and provided thst they were not; r ads to work without their consent. In a letter of 20; F'ebruary, signed by the P^ifi.inister ^n behalf of; the Covernnerxt of the United States of America and addressee; 一 t — Q Togo, Shigenoiij (I-rosecution Document i.o.1469-C) it; was stafeT "tEaf ^he 1 overmient of the United States of; i-nerica had been inforr. ed thf t the Japanese Government; hed agreed, as far as the treatrent to be accorded to; Iritish prisonei s of v ar; };  to take 'into consideration as to; food and clothing the national and racial custors of the; prisoners. The Ccveriir ent cf the United States of Ar.ierica; had requested the Swiss G o v e m r e n t to biin^ to the notice; of the Japanese Govcrnr.ent thst it would be bound by the; sare principle for prisoner s of war as for Japanese civil; internaes in confornity with articles 11 and 12 of the; Geneva Convention,; This letter was replied to "by Iog0._£Mgenor;i, on; tehalf of the Japanese Government on 2n3". . s r c h , 1 ^ 4 2 ,; (Frosecution E o c m e n t 丄..〇•1469-A) , In this letter it was; stated the: t the Irrperial Govf.ini.:.ent intended to tal:e into; consideration, vith regsrd to provisions and clothing to; be desired, the national and racial custor. s of i.r eric an; viar prisoners and civil internees placed under Jepan' s; power •; I n r e l a t i o n t o Ei I t i s h p r i s o n e r s of vcar, o n 3 r d .; J^roisi y t h e i^rgentine . inister in ! T o k y o acting on; tens 丄ビ o f the Er itish Corironweslth : oF i\iaticris (Irosecution; Document I、.:o» 847-D) inf or red Tog っ, _ S h i g e n o r i, t h a t the; C-overnrents _of Great Eritain and tne dominions_of Cs.nada,; Auitrs丄la and . ew ^ealancf ;vculd observe ^ov/aT^s Japan tne; ちerr.s '"of t.rrs~Tnternat 1 onal Convention on the treatment af; risoners of war signed at Geneve on 27th July,1929 iind; byolettetoof ^th Jaiiuiary,1942 (Pr osecution Ddcxunent .I'MC.; 847-E), the Argentine : inister further inforred Togo,; Shigenori, that the Jritish proposed imder the spplicstion; of articles 1 1 , a n d 12 of the said Convention relating to; the provision of food and clothing to prisoners of both; ‘psrties, jtp consicer_ the national _and—racial _cu'stor.:_s of J; the prisoners . '‘ . .... . • ~- : . : ‘ : . .. .:. •バ孑 、; 'In a letter of 29 Janueiy,1、,42,l'ror. Icf,o,__Shigennr:; c n b e h a l f of the Jl-jpenese CoverriDent to the A r g e n t i n e; Singapore and . alaya.; Burma and Thailand.; Hong ン o n g .; Formosa.; He.inan; Andamans and Ficobars.; Java»; Borneo; Sumatra and Eanka Island; Celebes; inister (Prosecution Locunent 1465C) it was stated that; the Imperial C-over-nir.ent had not ratified the Convention; relative to the t-estnent of prisoners of war of 27 J"oly,; 1929. It was therefore not bound by the said Convention,; hovvever, it would apply nutatis nutandis the provisions; of the said Convention to ^nglish, Canadian, Austrglian; and ri'evv Zealand prisoners of war in its hands. As to the; provisions of food and clothing for prisoners of war,; [ i t would consider on conditions of reciprocity the national; and rac 1 alnycret01:s ~of^"the prisonei s.; Similar assurances were given by Japan as to the; treatment which would be accorded to i-.etherlands prisoners; of war and civilian internees. ,; • -; The manner in which these assiirance^j^ere observed; by the Japanese Go venire nt will be seen by th^ evidence; which will te produced.; 1 1 , E v i d e n c e of tlie Corjnission of; Atrocities by Japanese Forces.; It will be impossible in any reasonable length of; time to put before the Tribunal detailed evidence of all; -th-e jQffences committed by the Japanese against the; r_eco^nised laws and custorrs of war, and therefore a method; has been devised which will be relatively short and which; will not omit any important iratter. In order to present; the evidence in a manner which nay be easily followed, it; has been classified by areas, and in each area it vtrill be —; shown thet the r.:istreatment of pi isoner s of war, civilian; internees and nar.ivp inhabitants was similar .TirtS; similarity of treatment throughout tne "territcsries occupied; by the Japanese forces w i l l , i t is submitted,lead to the; conclusion that sjj,ch ml gtrp^t-rn^t. was . th£,x^sult not of the; independent acts of the individual Japanese Cor.nanders and; soldiers, but of the general policy cf the Japanese forces; and of the Japanese Governnent.; 、 The areas into which the subject has been divided; are as follows:-; 1 2;  3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0; f — 1; 4 .; Aribcn; Timor; New Guinea; New Br it a.in; Solomons^ Gilberts, Nauru aftd Ocean; Islands»; Other Facific Islands»; Indo China; China ether than i.ong 1 ong; Sea Transportation,; Jepan; 5; Ati' ooities at Sea;  s; Tha e v i d e n c e w i l l s h o w t h s t i n e v e r y .srea the l a w s; of war, in so far a? they relp.te to prisoners of war, civilia; internees and native inhabitants of occupied countries, were; entirely disregarded by the Japanese forces. This was in; accordance with the policy which was declared on r.any; o c c a s i o n s b y tbe _ J a p a n e s e t h a t t h e Jap a nc se QovernEient; woujLd_treat p f i s o n e r s ofjgg'r a c c o r d i n g t o t h e i r o w n code —; oi ""Vushi^; 0; " and only apply such portions of the Geneva; Convention as suited it to apply, and that prisoners of war; had no rights whatever。; It will be shown that not only did the Japanese; fail to c a r r y out their assurance thst in the ratter of; food and clothing they would take into consideration the; national and racial customs of the prisoners, tut also that; they disregarded the elementary considerations of humanity.; It will be shown that prior_to jir^Lrit tirr?ハf; the British ^api t-.n] p,̂;-j ̂  c十 Pinpjpor.o , in J.942, many; massacres and nurders in breach of the laws of war took; p l a c e . : e d i c a l p e r s o n n e l and uat.i^ntR in h o s p i t a l s w ^ r e; —ki丄led—in cold r l o p d : w o u n d e d n e n Yvrho_Md_s32ixejidejLBd—mei^e--; e x e c u t e d ; and u n a r n e d p r i s o n e r s of w a r w e r e m e r c i l e s s l y; shot,"bayonetted or decapitated. It cannot be contended; t h a t the J a p a n e s e f o r c e s r e s p o n s i b l e fc;r t h e s e o u t r a g e s; were out of the control of their superior o f f i c e r s . 1 any; of the atrocities were connnitted either at the direction —; or vuith the k n o w l e d g e of c o m a n d i n g _office^§.; The nhronic 1 e__of inurder and mistreatment in every; area will indicate the pattern of warfare used by the; Japanese tovernir.ent and l i t j and will describe inter alia; the rassacre of 5xP〇0 Chinese and the brutal ill-treatment; -Di_Eiiraceaiis- in Sinf spore 5 “ the ind is or i n m a t e killing o l ' へ; y t h e n a t i v e i n h a b i ^ n r s of the o c c u p i e d a r e a s ; t h e l o s s of; ,the lives of ,.QD.Q_^llied prisoners of 1'var, the deaths; of over J^OCL^QD^^coolies^ End the 下:ruts丄ill-treatment of; a l m o s t e v e r y m e n d u r i n g the c o n s t r u c t i o n cf the Eurma-Siain; L a i l w a y; the i n f a m o u s d e a t h m a r c h e s st E a t a a n and i n E o r n e o;; 1 2;  3 4;  5;  6;  7 8;  〇ノ;  o; 「4; 11 11111i2;  2; the massacre of Australian nurses and other civilians at; B a n k a I s F a n d ; t h e r a la wall n a s s a c r e ; the r a s s a c r e a t; F l a n t a 1 1 o n ~ T n W e w G u i n e a 5 t n e r a s s a c r e of 200 p r i s o n e r s of; war 81 Leha; "cTTe niassacre of Europcang^and natives at; Long wawsrfj" Eandjermassin, Pontianak and Tarakanj the; m u r d e r s e z "the k i l l i n g of s u r v i v o r s f r o m; ships which hea been sunk; and the widespread extermination; of prisoners of war and civilians。; Food rations for prisoners of war everywhere were; quite inadequate to sustain the strength of any man,; especially those who were engaged on manual labour .; Diseases of e.ll kinds resulting from malnutrition and; n e g l e c t w e r e the c a u s e of m u c h u n n e c e s s a r, s u f f e r i n g and; many deaths; f;  IVhen pcisoners became sick, the already-; i n a d e q u a t e r a t i o n s w e r e r e d u c e d Luiless, i n s p i t e of i l l n e s s ,; t h e y w e n t to w o r k;  ?; Hospital accornnocation was in most cases non-; existent and e^srywliere there wa-3 a lack of medical supplies; and drugs fc/* the treatment of tne various diseases,; That these latter vere available will he shown by the; amount of Ksdical stores discoverpd in the possession of; the Japanese after ths Japanese capitulation. Sick men; were forced to work and when they were unable to carry on *; and collapsed they were beaten. I-丄cur3 cf work v^ere; e x c e s s i v e anc: c o n d i t i o n s of w o r k w e r e i n a l m o s t e v e r y c a s e; extremely arduous«,; Clothing and footwear were not supplied and men were; forced to work bare-footed and clothed in lap-laps. This; again contritoited to the toll of illness snd death.; Tnrti]i-fi; T;  n a s s p u n i s h m e n t s and b e a t i n g s vjare widfi-; spread, Severe punishments were inflicted for "trifling; offences and even for no offence; and to attempt to escape; was to incur execution, I.en cn working parties were beaten; if t h e y s h o w e d the s l i g h t e s t s l a c k n e s s , a n d , i n f a c t , t h e y; w e r e b e a t e n l e s c t h e y s h o u l d s h o w slackriess.; .. In most of the areas there will be evidence of the; 4ilaHS_tQL k i l l all p r i s o n e r a of in t h e evfint of t h e r e; being a landing by allied troops in JaiDan or any attempt; F a d e to 'recapture て"hem; tt;  I n s e m e ol tlie a r e a s t h e s e p丄; w e r e i n f a c t p u t m"T,o e y e c u c T o n t E v e n ir the a o s e n c e of~"; any direct oraer, from tlie fac^ that similar plans had been; prepared in many areas, it may be csdu^ed that such plans; were part of the policy of those in control of prisoners; of war.; T h e s e a r e s o m e of the m a t t e r s w h i c h w i l l b e p r o v e d; by the evidence to be produced and for which the prosecution; submits the accused named in Counts 53,ヲ4, and 55 of the; Indictment are responsible.; Ill» Eviaence of Frotests made; ot' the He'olies t h e r e t o ,; l.he Swiss I .inister in Tokyo "on behalf of. Great; E itain and the United States and the Swedish 1 inister on; behalf of t'a3 Netherlands made frequent protests in writing; to the Japan^^e Foreign minister throughout the period of; hostiiitxes, and these protests brought to the knowledge; of the Japanese Government most of the cases of mistreatment; of prisoners of war and civilian internees and other breache; of the laws c;f war which have been referred to above. There; were; 5;  h o w e v e i; ;; o t h e r cases which were unknown to the Allied; Governmsnts tntil after the Japanese capitulation, and; which therefore wers not contained in any protest» It was; in many cases only by a miracle that any information was; available as the Japanese endeavoured to eliminate the; possibility o.? detection by attempting to destroy all; evidence。 On。 Df the most importsnて features of this part; cf the case i j the fact that, with a few exceptions, visits; by the representatives of the protecting powers and the; Internaticnal Led Cross' to prison canps were systematically; refused, In the few exceptional cases when visits to; camps were pernj tted the conditions therein were very much; better than in other camps, and in some cases the camps; were specially dressed up for the occasion; c;  Furthermore,; the prisoners were forbidden under threats of punishment; to say anything to the visitors except what had been; previously approved by the canp commandant;.丄-any requests; were Fade to visit camps in Thailand ; these were consistent!;; denied;  a;  It may "be deduced from the fact that visits were; not allowed in most of" the areas that the Japanese Govern-; ment realised that the reports of any person who saw the cam; would be most "unfavourable。; Protests complaining of murders, starvation and; ill-treatnent were for the most part either not answered; at all or net rerlied to for a long period, When any; reply was made it was evasive, contained allegations that; the pretest was tassel on incorrect information or; consisted of a simple denial; 0;  At no time before the; capitulation was there any acknowledgment that bad; conditions existed;  a; In view of the overwhelming evidence of widespread; atrocities and breaches of the laws of war which will be; presented, it is apparent that the Japanese Government,; the members of which were charged with the responsibility; of seeing that their forces complied with the rules of; war, either knew of many of the breaches and neglected; to take any steps to prevent them, or failed to institute; any proper enquiry TO ascertain whether the allegatiしns; contained in protests v/are founded on fact. In either; case, it is submitted; 5;  てlie responsibility is the same.; Niw.rous api:lications were r.ade for lists of; pri sonar £ of war and for tha name s of those who had died.; No eomp? ete list was ever provided by the Japanese and; it was not uiitii-l the end of 194-5 that the names of many; of those Vi/Iio had peri siied in Thailand, Eorneo and other; aress "jvere made known for the first time.; It will not be practicable to put before the; Tribunal all the protests that were made as they are so; numerous, but from those which have been selected it will; immediately jecorr.e apparent that the representatives of; the pro tec ting powers made every effort to carry out their; tasksj but hhet they were frustrated at almost every turn; by the policy of silence and procrastination which was; adopted by the Japanese Government and other officials.; One fact which will assist the Tribunal in; determining the innocence or guilt of the accused lies; in a COITTD—arisun between the number of persons who died in; \ a. _c sp ti vi ty ~In “ GermaiTy and Italy and the number s who _vver e; 1 ^ killed or died in —captivity一in J a p a n; 6; " I n Germany and "; 、 j / j" C ェ七aly 丄42Y319 LritTsh" prisoners of war were reported; captured and of those 7,310 or 5 »1 per cent were killed; or died in captivity» 今050l6 Eritish prisoners of war; were in the power of the Japanese and of these 12,433 o rノ; 24,8 per cent were killed or died in captivity.; IV, Official Reports concerning; the Treatment of Prisoners of Mar ir.pjje bv; t h e J a p a n e s e L-overnrienb s i n c e 3; Sfe-Qterr.ber,19^-5",; 11; After the Japanese capitulation a body called the; Central Committee of Investigation of . atters concerning; Prisoners of \ ar was set up by the Japanese Government to; investigate and report upen the allegations of nistreatment; of prisoners of war contained in some of the ntunerous; protests which had been received during the war * Two of; these reports have already been put before the Tribunal.; The majority of the others refer to protests and state that; the subject matter is being investigated and that further; reports will be made at a later date. Although most of; the original reports were made over 12 months ago, no; supplementary reports have since been received.; c; ; f; ; o;  /;  4 ^ - 9; 0/v;  ク; . フ;  oム; )y/; Frcm the fact that investigations were "being; pur sued for the first time af ter the conclusion of; hostilities it can be inferred that the Japanese Government; and the accv.ssd took no steps at the time the protests; were received to cerry out any form of enquiry»; Some of thesa reports contain metters of considerable; irportanc.e ; Among taese the most striking, apart from the; two alleady before the Tribunal relating to the Burma—; Thailand Railway and the massacre, of Chinese at Singapore,; are those 7?e.la~ing to the treatment of Allied Air Force; personnel in J-vpan, These contain direct admissions that; AlliaC s.viatci'3 who had bombed the territory of Japan and; were laier captured were executed without any form of trial *; As was the case in the two reports tendered during; the evidence of Cclonal l.ild, most of the other reports; adra; -; ' t certain of the matters complained of in the protests,; and 33?k to avoid any blame or responsibility by alleging; that tliey were xhe result of the stress of circumstances,; The evidence of eye-witnesses and victims will be; sufficient to rebutt the claim that the nxatters complained; of were insvitable and that they were net the result of; the intentional and deliterate actions of the Japanese»; Y. Evidence of the,.Acts of the Defendants and; of thai?.' S'abordinates ivhich denonstrate.; their Kesponsibi'lity for the Breaches of; the ILaws of War .; Under the Hague Convention Mo» 4„ Prisoners of V..ar; are in tne power of the hostile Government, ard not of the; individuals or corps who capture them.; Apart from the responsibility which attaches to the; various accused by virtue of the respective offices held; by them, proof will be offered to the Tribunal that they ase; direct^ responsible for acts performed by them and their; lnnediate subordinates contrary to the recognised rules of; warfare»; l/ith respect to Toja, Hideki, there is at the outset; an ad mis si cn "by him contained in m s interrogation that he; was personally responsible for the mistreatment of prisoners; of war and civilians。 In addition there will be proipf of; an annooneement made by hir. that Japan would not observe; the provisions of the Geneva Prisoner of Ver Convention; of 1929» Ee_4i£iLsonally gave instructions to the heads of; the Prisoner of レar Cairpo wnicn violated tne rules oiJ war.; As War jlilr.ister he had complete Gontrol of the activltre^"; of the various departments of the War Office such as; ililitary Affairs Bureau, the Prisoner of War Information; Bureau'and the Prisoner of War llanagement Bureau» TO JO; was also responsible for the policy adopted by the Jai »nese; Complaints of mistreatment of prisoners of war and; civilian internees were forwarded by the Swir.s Legation,; as Protecting Power, to the Jap£ nese Foreign 1 inistry,; which in turn transmitted the complaints to the V'/ar; luinistry, where in the usual course of procedure they; passed fron the Secretariat of the War Ministry through; the Office of the Vice Minister of war to the Chief of; the Military Affairs Buresu and then in turn to the Prisoner; of ar Informstion Bureau or the Prisoner of Vi/'ar Management; Bureau, the office of the Chief cf the last named bureaus; being held concurrently by the same person. The Chief of; the two last named bureau^ formulated a reply when; considered advisable, af'wr consultation with the Chief; of the Hilitary Affairs Bureau, after which the proposed; reply was forwarded by the Vice Linister of 、ar to the; Foreign liinistry, and practicelly without exception, the; reply prepared in the Prisoner of Vvar Information Bureau; or the Prisoner of War Management Bureau was the reply; Eade by the Foreign Minister to the Swiss Legation; 和 松 . ^ i ^ P A x i f 丨 ブ 终 Z^Mif^; ゾ^j; Government towards prisoners of war and civilian int-ニ-riン; KH'IULA was_JZlce llinistan^of War fr^m 1941 t。じ9ん; and had control of the operations of the Iiinis"cry s^Tijec; only to the direction of TO JO. KIliUl.A was responsible f; the design of the Prisoner of War Punishment Act, the; provisicns of which were in direct contravention of the laws.— <; of war and the provisions of the Geneva Pris oner -of-V.; F; ar; Conventions of 1929, and also for the law which prescribed; the death penalty for captured members of the Allied Air; Forces, under which members of that ®ere executed without; trial of any kind. _KIMIIhA was also directly responsible; .for the public exhibition of r^risonars of war in Knrpa,; and for~sen(3ing of prisoners to work in 'munition factories; in_Manchuria and their use for "work_having connection .; witTT'the operations of war" in practically all areas.; 1; ,; .,; く; が; ぎ; /; ; i n ̂; f; c; Q; .; ; LiUTO succession were chiefs of the; Military Affairs Biiresu which controlled the Prisoner of; War Kan&geirent Bureau and the Prisoner of War Information; Bureau. These two bureaux administered all affairs relating; t» prisoneis of war, subject to the approval of the Military; Affairs Bureau.; The same course was followed in the denials of the; privilege of visiting prisoner of war camps when such; applications weie made either by the Swiss Legation as; Protecting Power, or by the representatives of the; International Led Cross. Of those indicted, the following; occupied the position of Foreign Minister for Japan between; the years and 1945, inclusive: TOGO, Shigenori,; ISii; TOJO, Rideki: and SHIGELIT&U^ Manoru'.; 1; 一; 10.; Under the regulations for the employment of; prisoners cf war by private industry., most of which; industries were engaged in "work having connection with; the operations of war; n;  ?;  applications to have such; prisoners assigned yent from the Frefectuial Governor; to the Kone Linistry and thence to the Vi'ar Linistry for; approval, following the same course within the v.ar; Ministry as complaints in regard to the treatment of; prisoners of war。 The only person indicted who occupied; the posit:on of ムome 上、inister during the war period was; TOCO;  5;  Hideki, which position he occupied concurrently; while Frernier. TOJO also for s short tir.e was concurrently; rrime Linister and Foreign Minister during the war period.; Copies of complaints lodged by the Swiss Legation; as Frotecting Power in behalf of the United States, Great; Britain, Australia, Canada and i\iew Zealand, were; transmitted by the Foreign Iiinistry not only to the レar; Minustry, but also cories were sent, as a usual thing,; to the Navy l,inistry and to the Lome Ministry. So, again,; it appears that the responsibility for such treatment lies; with the defendants S H I L A D A , who was Kavy Linister under; TOJO, and later Chief of the Kaval General Staff; with; jdivA-p,^'! \ps Chief of the General and Military Affairs; ' ‘ B u r e a 猫 t h e Navy fron October, 1940, to August, 1944,; and WifejiCu, who was Chief of the uaval General Staff from; April, 194-1 to February, 194-4; and^SUzU]4, Teiichi, who; was Minister without Portfolio as well as Presidant of; the Planning Board. As suchj he was a mem"ber of TOJO; 1;  s; csbinet and is charged with knowledge of the complaints; in regard to the maltreatment of prisoners of war and; violations of treaties in connection there v/ith,; During the time that TOJO was Premier, he was; concurrently Minister of \i; r; ar, but was seldom in his office; in the War Ministry. KIL.UEA, as Vice Minister of War,; made r^ny of the decisions ordinarily made by the Minister.; On August, 30,1944, KILULA was assigned as Commander in; Chief of the Japanese ふrmed Iorces in the Eur ma area, and; as such was directly responsible for the mistreatment of; prisoners of war in that area occirri ing after that date.; The decision to employ prisoner of war labour on; the Eurma-Thailand Railroad was made in 1942 by the Imperial; General Staff, which included the then Chief of Staff of; the Army, SUGiyiu A (deceased), the Chief of the Naval; General Staff, then the defendant NAGANO; the Kavy; Minister, Oili.ADA, and War Minister TOJO, and the; responsibility for the violations of the treaties and; assurances in connection with such employment on "work; having connection with the operations of war" and the; ensuing maltreatment and resulting deaths of such prisoners; 11.; of war so engaged, crust rest in lsrge part with those; above named. For the employment of prisoners of war in; Manchukuo on "work having connection with the operations; of war", in violation of treaties and assurances, and the; mistreatment of the prisoners in that region, the; responsibility must be placed in part upon the defendant; UI.iCZU.; t;  who was Coirmander of the Kwantung i-.rmy and; Ar.tassador to Lanchukuo concurrently from 1939 to 1944.; The defendant ITiGAKI was Commander of the 7th; Area Army ir Singapore fron A t r i l . イ , t o the end of; the war, and upon hin rests some responsibility ior; the breaches of the laws of war in and about Singapore; during the period he ~vas in command.; y 州; Evidentiary Dccuiacnt ぐ.5129.; j statcncnt.; \ m G SI>; T;  JOON, 716 G e y l ^ 如” S fporc.; (tcld in his own v;oras)c; I ucs in the SS7F under Cじpt« Y^P Ihしng Gcck, until the surrender; end disbandr.;ent under orders.エワcn.fc to live uith friends at Lavender; Street comer; I On the 17th Fob 1942 c.t 12 0 'clock ve yere tcld by the Fenpei-tai; (jQp Military police) thut vc msfc feo to J'alcn to bo intcrncd.end ye; must bring with us tuc or three refc丄cn, ,:,g arrived at the placc at; 4 o 會 clock cjad found the pl^ce full of people; s;  (quite a fou thousands cf thon; •; T; c x:oro then put into a house in S:しこ ^l-'i Rd. where they ucrc already full®; The area allotted to us was fron l/mdo yid; c;  to syed Alwi Rd. v;ith bexbed; wires around, and no one should cross over these i^ircs, if they do they; v;ill be shot«> tho houses; ?;  stroct earners, fivc.-foct v/ay, and Siong; Liu saT/ Mills arc peeked 3.ike sardines, and could hardly T;alk freely®; Cooking is very difficult; s;  rater is soarco, and those pi^cos vzere very; dirty, still nore people are coijin^ in; c;  All could hardly sleep r;hcn night; canc, bccause cf short cf spaco, and the only v;ay to sleep is to sit down; and crosscd cur logs; 0; stayed there for tvo days; f;  'and \7ero later told by thし Japs; that all the family can return to their hones on the norning of the 19th,; and nen end boys above sixteen years are net allowed tc go; oarly in the; acrnin^ cf the 19th all of then (the fauilies )uere lined up in a lon^ queue; ready to leave the carip. The japs canc at about G o'clock and told then; that they can gc new. ‘ hen uy wife and children had left nc that day; f;  I; vrent back to the house anxiously auaiting tc ^o back houe; #; 八t 2 p““ 19th Feb icch Jicvk yoxi^ tcld oq that the japs havo; called out for 2nd B^tn; e;  Chinese volunteers tc surrender- I got out and; sat; a crcvrd of chiiaoso around a v;hitc banner with Chinese chur-ctcrs 011 it,; and c Cliincso standing under this burner asking has La-iybcdy soon Mr* Tcai; ICしh Kcoj nobody uasuerode 3c then told tho 11021 that the japunoso wanted; all the Chinese ycluntcors to surrender j if thoy dc; f;  thしy will be given a; pass tc go back hone end a jcb us a policonarj If they do net Surrender and; if cr.ught within throe days thoy will be shot to d e a t h ,エ l e f t the nob of; listeners und went in sccrch cf ijy volunteer friends, and there I found Cpl«; Chia Ti^ng Boc, Cpl* Kch Jialc yong end feu other volunteers. I asked then; whether it is accessary for us tc surrender; thoy told us net tc dc anything; yot as they wish tc find cut。 .a then u::Iiccd to the gate and thorc v;c; sox/ a crcv:d cf people, sene are volunteers outside the gate giving their; names una addresses> and thu one v;ho is tdciiig dovai tho rocords arc one cf; our "E" Ccy; e;  ^anf und f u r t h o m e r c x:c shyj at the gato necjr tho exit are; Lieut • Goh si^w L^o しaid Lir, YじP Tl…n; Sciae of the civilicais lot loese after bein^ questioned, uad wero; given an IDENTIFICATION ST。こ:ip CN THE p“LN cf thoir hands > Our turn COLICS; next with Cpl« Ti^ng B^e loading, as soon as ue passed the gute I hoard; Evidentiary Docunent ff 5ュ2?,; 2.; sonebody say, here they arc. Cplo Ti^ng Bee uere being rocognizod and he; yas tcld to bring us to ropeで••; to nan in charge cn ta:; Lie.it:.; Goh assured us thut we will ho all rijcV,-?; as lio will lock of fcer us vclu.n—; tcers end not to v/on-y,,1ふe uc?re thor ..Tail in しnd nnrched to the \rictoria; Bridge school and でere put :.n tiie drill h a l l; f;  ';  T; e were there fcr quite a; while, cjid Lieut; 0;  Goh cai.iG cut and 'odd us to g.iマo cur naiaes and addresses; again as he wished to hぃve こ11 rccords of us, a.t'-cor this he left us and yjq; never sau hin again.; ^ ^ 1; ^ ^;  L; :7hen raorning ccxie about 9 or 10 c; J;  clock three Icrries and one; p r i v a t e car coiae to cur plac3, one lorry was full ci* japs^ T^cy surrounded; cur place and cane into cur ha3.I;十iiey were arned viith Bren_Guns; 8;  and told; us to stand up in tuc rows pf each. Ou.i- han^s bchi.nd cui; backs and tcld us to .̂o out to tlie eripty truck; Q;  Qu.:? lorries wei out with; tho private car loading. \;e passed L^vcndt.r street, Kailang RdU, got into; Groove poc.d and then to chcr-gi; 0;  ' e T/ero e::poctiLg the lorry to stop at the; Ch迎gi jail, but tc cur s'orprise they kept on noving, then we knew cf our; fate| that we じre going to be shot; 3; ノ; f iJter several liinutos the first lorry stopped scneuhere near; t'hc custcn house.,;  r; £hc prisoners v;ere told tc get down, and \7erc taken to; /the house and searched and rs*丄ieved of all their pessossions, such as gold; ringsj casii, §cld v^xchtBs other articles, ^he lorry wiiich i wしs in; cane next; it s^oppod but we wsro ncx seorchGd, ffh.e 了しps told us *6o join 〜; the others.;  1<r; o v/ere then to go down to the boaoh^ (just like a flock; of sheep _going to tho s上augLter バ V7O could _liardiy LXJVG yhen we saw the; firmA' squaa; y;  sonc of us ori&r]. soS) cal ling for their pcj:exit.s# _; to rsyaelf T criea too but cou丄d shed no tears; ?;  rjy iimos uoro as cold cis _; ice when J looked arcund and saw the firing 3auad in their position. I; noticcd the ouchine-guns were p丄ciccd orJbe'rgh'c こ!.rid loft of us; f;  ^ e Tcixiy—; gunners in lying pc'siicru Pr en-guns ragut in the centre ana xhe rirang; .squad before us. (This was on the 20th yob, 1942); \ * —; Despite こ11 the crying and nooning vc found ourselves cn the; becch facinA' xhc sguc-d vi.fch ovx hands tied behind our backs> e wore then; lined up in two reus cf 35 “s seen aa v;ore in _linc the jc-ps; caught us in a cross fire over _and 广 . n g 。 m , ,-; mrt;  .、ぞハ” nn”+o勺 m; moto all CLOTTIÎ  I frill fa-2c cLoivnn^rda, slicti. but still alive;  a;  ェ dar。 not; neve, just protend bo bo dead, B.7 xhis tine tho tido was ccning in, and; the japs had ccascd .fire; end ェ the japs had left us. I cculd held; cut no lcngci-« I waiotod tc br^a-L-he ai.id the uator got intc r.iy nose and; nouth, sc I tcck a deep breath こrd noved; all of a sudden I heard the; rattling of tho gun^ a^aiiiy and ェ felt the burning pain just at iay left; side cf i:iy body and gare a shout, "Ch, i:iy God; c;  i?;  H i finished. . Tiicugh; .soricusly ycijidcd and i au Su: J.I al:.vo and conscious, this tine ェ ciaro; breathe no racre, but kept Gice again tne firing hud coasod,; and I only hoard the beating cf a dran.; ェ waited for a while but nc hhing happened so I slcv;ly raised riy; head and lock( d around. half dusod and. in "tca.r丄bL.ニ pain; and uhat a; ghastly si^b'o naじ ny eyos > TJ^e soo. yrxtcr had turned red instead of green; x; and only a foot uway were the boa丄3s of vy nates Cpl» Chia Ti^ng Bee and; Evidentiary Docur.ient j: 5129*; 3-; pte. John peter T^n. riddled with bullets。ムt the scno tine ェ heard a low; vcicc calling for help just twe bodies a^ay from Cpl. T i ^ E Bee and Jchn; peter T^n. I did not knew what tc d c , ェ dlared net get up fcr fear that; sone japs night be around, but ェ just relied over the bodies of ny; friends and got tc the nan yhc liしd called out. He tcld ne that ivo had; bettor get cut cf the placc quick.エじsked lain hcv; \ic cculd escapc v/hen; our hands t? ̂  ト ^ ^ hnckg^ h g told ix; tc put ny CTists in; between his teethj ェ did so and he mncged. to release ne; then told; nc that he had got a pen-knife in his pccket ;ェ tcck the knife out and; released hin, and told hin to w a i t。ェ turned tc ny left this tine and to; qy surprise I sau several mere still alivし,ェ wasted nc tine and gt to; then and released then. T^o of then had nasty wounds in their left; shoulders5 they were twe nen fron Ccy. One cf them is named Fte.; Tan Cheng Cher • Another one uas siict through the thigh and he bclcngcd; to the Fcrt Cしfining Signals; a; lafter releasing thon I tcld then tc get away q u i c k l y .ェ get; back to the one whe had released nc, _and T found that he was already dead.; て/ith a big wound in the ccntrc cf his threat, causcd by 45 bullot • ェ; wasted no tine but jcinod the ether two and get out cf the placc. !7e; cculd hardly stand up, but we crawled tc scne lallang bushes where vg; rested. asked each other vhoro tc gc after this, and one cf then said; that we laist keep going tc the left, crawled sene distance then had; another rest and must have fallen asleep, as v;c v;erc sc tired and hungry; CIUG tc heavy less cf bleed • (This ucs in the evening of tho 20th Feb; 1942.) I vrcke up at the break cf davoi, and get tc the cnc nearest tc rac,; but ェ cculd net find tho ether tuc T:ith the broken shoulders• T^oy had; gone uhile I v/as しsleep •; yy friend said that tjq nust keep cn going, sc wo kept cn; crawling for about 200 yards r;hcrc v;e found sene blocd stains alcng cur; paths. On and cn uc fclloucd the trail cf the bloodstains till vc rcached; sene Milcy villages, uherc T;C sav; scne uell-dressed Malays, but we dared; not gc tc then for foar thct we night oncountcr scne japs, but ye called; to then and they turned round and sa\7 us, and askc-d us 〜vhじt wc wanted•; They refused to assist us, but eventually \jo got c>r/ay. L^tcr T-C ccn-; tactcd scne British soldiers vhc tock us tc こ Field ムnbulancc unit uherc; cur wounds "vvcrc treated; d;  ノ; (Signed) ;;0NG SIN J00N.; Statencnt nado tc no at S; f; pcrc 12 Fcb; r;  1946»; (Signed) TOTMぶ,mjcr.; O.C» Civil Affairs :;ar Crincs investigation section,; Singapore.; E3co:.iined by no with original affidavit and cortificd to be a true ccpy; #; (Signed) p。s. LiJVBE, Lt •Colonel.; 17 ムpril 46. AAG V.^r Crincs, HQ i^LFSEii.; Hyidentiary Docui.上nt No. 537k*; ITTLRTしTlOr二 1 I'ULIT^Y TRIBlli\l FOU THE P--R E-ST; n 1; TI-ニ IMITED ST.-T::S OF “IEHOu,ムH) 0R&; -.iG.iH; T; ST -; f;  S^XL.O, ;J® ORS.; '' I,」.-LP]""RT FH-JIv R, J,T. in the sfc^tc of l^cu South U^les rxJ:e oath and; しy ac follows:; I yas 11X12309 Iで“jor Albert Frc.±± 2 / 1 5 “ustralian Field; T^c^i^cnt \;hen I \:us taken prisoner by the Japanese しt si^£^.pore on 15; Fしbruury 1942 ^iid pl^ccd in Birdv:ccd Ca-.p•; 2. ムPDroxii..レtely one r:cck uftcr uy arrival tlitre I vus detailed; to talcc char^c of a party to bury a nur.:ber cf bodies 0x1 the beach.; 3 . I toci: thu p^rty consictir^. of four officers and approxirxtcly; 6 0 other ruiks to the ccach and afxer soLie difficulty エ l o e a t e d the; bodies to be buried。; There \;erc appro:丄ぷt;し];y l^p dead Chinese _alcng tho v/ater !s; cd£c over a distance of about ニ00 y^ds^ Tlxey were of all a^oc rixnging; fron boys to old .•.cn̂  soix \:orc dressed in Clxincce clothes and soue in; :uropeとn clothes, i-hcy had been killed by olslII arns fire mainly about; the upper part cf the body and head and frou behind• C^pt• H . Tucker; ulic . a ueaical off 1 cor and ;;as one of the p^rty, estinutccl that scrjd; had been dead for ^s lcn^ as 4 days, and others approxiix^tely 24 hours,; 5 . T̂ xC todies v/orc tied together _in bc'.tcLes of 6 to 8 with their; hexxas bciimd. x"Hcir bacL's Dy ncaris of signal T7irc# ‘ . 一 ‘; T̂ l-Gn and suorn at Sydney; this seventeenth day of; ScptGi.:ber; (Signed)ム•F* R J X .; Before n ,; (Signed) J • u.鲁; ノ 今 厂 V 1 ,; Evidentiary Dccunent //; IKT3ZR]M/'iTI0I"i/iL IHLITiJiY m i B U H A L FOR THE Flli EA_ST; KCU 1; 一 r; TEE UNITED STATES OF AI通ICA, AI® OES; 一 AGAIl'ST -; iiMTI, SAD人0, AID ORS,; !If CAldTBELL T7EST0N PERRY of Sydney in the state of Nev; Scuth Wales,; Liake oath and say as fellows:-; 1。 X was M22959I Private Campbell恥ston perry, A; e; A; 0; S c C . uhen; ェ was taken prisoner by the Japanese at Singapore on 15 February 194.2; and imprisoned at i; d; 2 0 while i YJUS at ChaiiGi there was a mass execution of about 40; I^layan and ciiinesG civilians by the Japanese« ェ was nalci:̂ .; i\Ty yay dc^n; to the beach lcokin^ for Cccoonuts v;hen I heard m c h i n o {jm f i r e .ェ; continued on rjy v/ay when a Japanese Gucrd stepped i::e and told, ne to; wait wheru I was; #;  Shortly after a party caiie past on a truck and took; the jauanese Guard a w a y .ェ went dovm to the boach and sav; approxiuately; 40 Chinoso and ^ la van civj .U^riP ^ V ^ u;  n 1 1 t h n;  $ Q^Xi- T^o ethers; had not been killed and r/ore crav/3.in{j away up the beach j they were; badly uounded and ェ think thc-y v/culd hove d i e d .ェ went close enciich; to tho bodies to see that tlie-y had teen shot;  P;  J; T^ken and sworn at SYDKEIY"; THIS FIFTH DAY OF; SETTEl.^ER 1946; BEFORE IvE; ); ) ( S i g n e d ) C.;7. rERRY。; ); (Signed)ム山 MJNISFIELDo; Jud^e cf suprene Court of ouecnsland.

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