David Conde Fonds

Prefectural press (analysis by Allied command) Conde, David W., 1906- 1946

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GENERAし HEADQUARTERS; S U P R E M E C O M M A N D E R F O R T H E A L L I E D P O W E R S; Civil information and Education Section; Analysis and Research. Division; PREFECTURA.L PRESS, 30 November 194-6 . • . No. 92; Politics; That the present Diet should be dissolved in order to give the; Japanese people an opportunity to "make a new decision" was the cen-; sensus of the prefectural press, but writers continued to express; doubt that the Socialists were in a position to head a new Cabinet. +; Most writers apparently believed that, should a national election; be held now ? the Socialist Party would emerge dominant - - i i for no; other reason than that the Liberals and Progressives have been sc; severely crippled by the purge extension. However, even strongly; pro-Socialist journals have not indicated that anything other than; a coalition Administration could be formed« Understandable con-; fusion characterized the majority of editorials on politics.; One of the most lucid representative comments was that of AKITA; SAKIGAKE SHIMPO (Akita,19 November), which advocated dissolution of; the Diet and has generally been sympathetic toward the Socialists..; "Since the formation, of the Yoshicla C a b i n e t t h e editorialist said,; "the Socialists have ericouragcd .the Government ? but they have failed; to make it bring into practice those policies which they originally; entertained. As a result, the people harbor suspicions about the; Socialists." The writer then developed a psint which has been; brought up frequently: that the Socialists ~ in this particular case; but more often all parties -- should strengthen their organization; in rural areas. "We regret that they are not making efforts to or-; ganize and educate the vast number of young men and women (who are; sympathetic), nor planning to absorb the intellectual class which; sustains their policies." If this were done, the paper thought, it; would stimulate those who possess the ambition to.aid Japan through; the present predicament.; A further indication of the interest which profectural;journals; have in strengthening, local party organization was an editorial in; HYUGA NICHINICHI (Mlys.zaki,19 November) which claimed that the re-; fusal of the Socialists to participate in that prefecturG's "demo-; cratic front" had dfalt local democratization "a death blow". (The; reason given by the par-ty was that it would not participate in any; group which failed to conform to the lino of the Democratic League; for National Salvation). "The Socialist Pr.rty, which is recognized; by itself and by others as a. 'party of the masses', should respect; the special character of our prefecture and take pride in its demo-; cratization,"; Many other journals also commented on politics, paying parti-; cular attention to the effect of the purge extension on the coming; local elections. An observation not noticed before was made by OITA; G0D〇 SHIMBUN (Oita, 20 November), which said that 'since the extension; had been announced the increased activity.of political bosses was; "r-narkable." The editorial considered it "funny that the extension; of the purge, which is aimed at the democratization of local politics; has accelerated such undemocratic activities, but it is probably a; temporary phenomenon.* * * When tlj€ people have been enlightened and; recognize their own sovereignty, there can be nc 'boss' politics."; Ec ononis;; An unusually large number of prcfoctural papers gave editor-; ial consideration to various aspects of Japan 1s present economic; plight, as press attention seemed to bo focusing on the "economic; crisis" expectcd within the next six months. Discussion of cur-; rency stabilization, tax reform, wage policy, budget compila-tion,; export programs, etc., indicated a sharper realization of the; specific problems requiring solution if the oft-mentioned goal of; "economic stabilization" is to be achieved.; Echsing union demands in current labor disputes, several; papers criticized the tax on earned income and the low exemption; lc-vcl on the composite tax as "unfair to the working masses." The; Government's announced intention to raise the exemption point 色nd; loY;er the rate on both taxes v;as given a mixed reception,. OSAKA; SHII.CBUN ( O s a k a , 1 7 November) observed, "Wc think-that such action; is a step toward the lightening of the heavy burden bornc by the; workers, although the reform will not "bring full relief. It is; most unfortunate that it is impossible under present conditions; to abolish such tixcs。’1 On the oth-.r hind, SHIME SHIMBUN (Matsu-; yama ? 20 November) bRlievcd that "such a revision would have no; effcct and it would be better not to carry out any such half-; hearted measure." KOCHI SHIMBUK (Koc.nl,IS November) joined the; above journals in advocating a graduated t^x system which would; shift the main tax burden to those roalthier classes which are; "better able to boar it 9" and all three demanded stricter tax; imposition upon "black-markctecrs -md thr Kew Yen class."; Prefcctural pn.pc.rs greeted with suspicion and skepticism the; projected establishment of a Wage Investigation Committee to deter; mine a national wage standard. YUKitl'- KYOTO (Kyoto, 20 Novcmbtr); and GHUBU NIPPG.K (iiagoye. ? 1 9 November) In particular viewed this; move as part of a plot against the lab or novomt,nt and the former; declared, "The Wago Investigation Committee is a symbol of the.; same Government attitude shown when it refused the mediation plan; (of the Central Labor Committee in the olcctric worla.rs' dispute).; We should clearly recognize that the Government intends not only; to fight against the lab or offensive' in cooperation with the cap-; italists , b u t also to reduce the standard cf the pooplo t s liveli-; hood。" Willing to credit the Government v;ith having "grt r.tly; softened its attitude and shown its intention of solving the; problem amicably," TOYAJIA SHIMBUN (Tp.kiokn.,18 November) expressed; the general fear that labor would be caught under a wage ceiling; while prices continued to rise; as inflation remainod unchecked.; Th3 paper saw an unofficial, but actual, solidarity on the labor; front and warned, "Although higher wages mr.y have the inevitable; result of increasing inflation, the demand for a n.ise in wages; will not bo quieted unless tho Government t^ikos decisive steps to; prevent inflation, 1' Taking a different approach, SHINANO KICHI-; NICHI (Ueda,19 November) fe-ar^d that pegging wages would be "use-; less" in countering "the labor offeriEivo vchich is making the; nation incapable of bearing the burden of reconstruction and is; bankrupting the nation-il economy." The writer demanded that the; wage question be submitted to public opinion through the r.gency; of the Diet and that the whole problem be threshed out on the ‘; Diet floor.; In line with the necessity for stabilizing priccs in order; to stabilize wag, s } KOKICOKU TIMES (Kanazawa, 21 Novenber), H0K>; KOKU MAINICHI (K^nazaw只,20 November) r.nd CHUKYO SHI1IBUN (Nagoya,; 20 November) discussed Government control over the staple foods; and important industrial items -- coal, fertilizer, t tc., None; of the papers v«ere enthusiastic over th,.〕prospcct of control due; to ''eight years of oxperionce with burenucratic corruption and in-; efficiency, and the first-named urg':d that as few items as poss-; ible be put under control.; /.Reparations; Publication of the Pauley report on r c p a m t i o n s brought forth; considerable editorial discussion of the reparations plan as out-; lined thus far and of the future of Japanese industry. The plan; was described as "fair but strict" by SHIKOKU SHIMBUN (Takamatsu,; 20 November) and the general reaction -ffl̂s typified by NIPPONKAI; (Tottori, 20 November): "The report cloarly sets forth the cate-; gories of all munitions, wartime and other related fields of in-; dustry, and leave s us with adequate hope for the reconstruction of; our peacG-timc industry centering around the spinning and textile; industries." The constantly expressed desire for an early con-; clusion of the Japanese peace treaty was found in HOKKAIDO SHIMBUN; (Sapporo, 20 November)ind NIIGilTA NIPPO (Migrita, 20 November),; which regarded dctcrmimtion of reparations as the main pre_r白qui-ニ; sites for the trentv. The latter 双as the only prefectural paper; to express any doubts thnt the Pauley report might not be the; final word on the reparations program. "It makes us anxious that; this report did not touch on the equipment removed from Manchuria; by the Soviet, and also that information in the press indicates; that the Soviet representatives were -bsent." HOKKOKU TIMES (20; November) had no such doubts, apparently, for the writer assorted; thit the "adequacy of the- proposal will be decided by British and; American public opinion."; Food; Rice delivery remained a favored topic in prcfcctural edi-; torials , t h o u g h the volume of comments scorned to be diminishing.; There was primary interest in the administration of rice delivery; and writers in 、oth YAMA.GATA SHIM3UN (Y^mneat^,18 November) and; TOKAI YUKAIJ ( G i f u , 1 7 November), mしntioning the difficultie s in-; volved in obtaining farm oquipnt nt n.nd fc-rtilizer, urged the Govern; ment to strike a f.^ir balance for the farmers by taking the short-; ages of such necessities into consideration v;hen setting the quotas; and prices. (Th^ latter pa^cr also mentioned that a decrcnse in; income tax is one of the farmers' chief desires.) CHUGOKU SHIMBUN; (Hiroshima,19 November) complnincd that the prefectural govern-; mont of that area uses "unscientific methods" in setting rice; quotas, but SHIN HOKKAI (Sn.pporo,19 Kovembc r) reported that the; Hiroshima government hnd an excellent surplus rice collection plan; and ndvacitca its introduction into Hokkaido. A quot^.-setting; plnn to bo administered by people outside the government was sug-; gested by HOKKOKU 組NICHI (lb" November). .; The world food situation «'as an incr^-.singly popular subject; as prcfoctural editors seem to be growing more conscious of inter-; nr.tionp.l conditions. BCCHO SHIMBUN (T-.m.rtguchi,19 November) and; SHINANO MA.INICHI (Nagano,19 November) surveyed the world cereal; supply, the latter stating that Japan must have cither cash or; credit in order to import food. An nnswer to this problem was; given by ISE SHIMBUN (Tsn, Mie, 20 Novcmtcf) which urged the stimu-; lation of tea-growing for export, A change of diet for Japan vms; advocated by TOO KIPPO (Aomori,18 November), which urgモ、d thr.t; powdered foods bo imported to supplement the usual staples and; suggested that one wheつ.弋 men! a day become a national custom, nnd t; MIKAMI NIPPON SHIL!BUN (Kagoshima, 21 November) ? which advocated; the increased raising of livestock nnd poultry.; EmiD or or Systen; Discussing the s t n U -»ont made by Prince. Tak^matsu at a youth; rally in Yamagat'i Prefecture, Y A M G A T A SHIMBUN (12 November) took; the unusual attitude of c-it?cizing a member of the Imperial; Fnmily. Using such terras -\s "^orced snle nf military glory" nnd; "infntuition with narrow trp.ditiojialir.m," the writer' compared Taka-; m^.tsu with the Emperor, ''who with his ovm h-md took off the veil; of feudalism." The journil cautioned youth not to be blinded by-; high titles, but to sen.rcn for the truth behind the words of; public speakers.; 。似 M l ^ 7ハん ^ ); qし; y 2 ^Nro; / m / y j ”

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