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British Columbia Coast Steamship Service history articles Canadian Pacific Railway. British Columbia Coast Steamship Service 1986

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 Propeller
SERIES 4 — NO. 1
VANCOUVER MARITIME MUSEUM *
SPRING 1986
Princess Nomenclature—What's in a Name
Coincidence played a considerable part
in the naming of the Princess Fleet.
It so happened that the ships that the
Coast Service took over from the Canadian
Pacific Navigation Co. in 1901 included
an elderly sidewheeler named Princess
Louise. She had started life as the American steamer Olympia, but had been acquired by the Hudson's Bay Company in
1878, just as the Marquess of Lome, husband of Princess Louise, daughter of
Queen Victoria, was assuming office as
Governor General of Canada. When the
HBC renamed the Olympia in 1879, they
named her in honour of the Princess.
Very similar circumstances prevailed
in 1901, when Captain J.W. Troup, the
remarkable man who managed the Coast
Service for 27 years, set about improving
its fleet. Troup proposed both to buy and
to build. His first acquisition was a trim
China coaster, the Hating. She arrived in
Vancouver in May 1901, and (again by
coincidence) Princess May, then Duchess
of York, later Queen Mary, was to visit
the West Coast in the autumn. Troup evidently had the idea of a Princess fleet in
mind even before the Hating arrived, and
the Vancouver Province commented on
the fact: "An original and pretty plan has
been hit upon for the naming of the new
steamers of the C.P.N, fleet. Having an
Empress line, it is the desire of the C.P.R.
company to also have a Princess line, and
the new steamers will accordingly be chris-
The first of the long line of Canadian Pacific
Princess ships was the first Princess Louise,
named for a daughter of Queen Victoria. The
ship is just nosing into the dock at Hastings
Mills around the time of the Vancouver fire,
1886.
tened after members of the royal family.''
Troup probably intended to rename the
Hating soon after the royal visit, but in
October she impaled herself on a reef, and
she did not become the Princess May until
the spring of 1902, when she returned to
service after a refit and refurbishing.
Troup already had one ship, the
Princess Louise, named after a daughter
of Queen Victoria. He built a dozen ships
before the First World War, and ten of
them were named after daughters or granddaughters of the Queen. The first of these,
the   Esquimalt-built   Princess   Beatrice,
Propeller • Spring 1986
 from the Editor . . .
Recently, Len McCann at the Maritime
Museum received a complete set of the
nine issues of a magazine called Sea Lore
which had been published here in Vancouver about fifty years ago. The magazines were given to Len at the Museum
by a Mr. Bell from Ladysmith. Mr. Bell
grew up in Vancouver and had saved the
magazines for all those years. While Len
was aware of the publication and had seen
several of its issues, two have never put
in an appearance before. These two may
well be the only copies of those rare issues.
Another item of interest concerning
these magazines is that the locally based
publication was edited for a time by Captain Beavis, whose autobiography is to
have its Canadian issue launched here at
the Maritime Museum on April 1st. A
happy coincidence. (See the item elsewhere in this issue.)
Several gremlins crept into the article
by Les Rimes in our last issue. The Orians
mentioned in the article was the Oriana.
Monaway was in service from Sydney,
Australia, to Auckland, New Zealand.
And, Maharajah was a hospital ship in
World War I, not World War II. Our apology to Les.
The centre of this issue is taken up by
a poster which is suitable for framing. The
poster is printed in conjunction with the
current show at the Museum, The Princess
and her Families which runs until April
13th.
Propeller needs your help. We are interested in receiving contributions from
our readers in the form of letters, articles
and photographs.
Propeller is published quarterly by the Vancouver
Maritime Museum Society, a non-profit organization
supporting the work of the Vancouver Maritime
Museum. The Society address is:
1905 Ogden Avenue
Vancouver, B.C. V6J 1A3
Museum Director
Robin Inglis
Publication Director
John Davies
Editor
Robert D. Forrest
Contributions are welcome but the Society, the
Museum and the Editor assume no responsibility for
unsolicited contributions. We suggest a query to the
editor at:
Suite 608, 725 West 70th Avenue
Vancouver, B.C. V6P 2X3
(or telephone 325-1396)
before sending any materials.
continued from page 1
Princess
Nomenclature
named after Queen Victoria's youngest
daughter, joined the fleet in 1903.The same
year the Princess Victoria, perhaps the
most famous of all the Princesses, arrived
from a British shipyard. For years the fastest steamer on the West Coast, on either
side of the line, she did much to establish
the reputation of the Coast Service. Victoria was a popular name with the royal
family and its wide ramifications (Queen
Victoria is reputed to have referred to a
family gathering at Windsor as ' 'the Royal
Mob") but there is little doubt that Troup
had in mind Princess Victoria, daughter
of King Edward VII, and grand-daughter
of the old Queen. And Troup may not
have been averse to the idea that the name
would also reflect that of the city which
was the headquarters of the Coast Service.
The next addition to the fleet was very
different indeed - a dumpy little freighter
intended to serve the canneries, sawmills
and logging camps scattered along the
coast. She was named Princess Ena,
which was the name by which Princess
Victoria Eugenie, daughter of Princess
Beatrice, was always known in the royal
family. Princess Ena was much in the public eye in 1907, when the little ship was
built, as she had married the King of Spain
in 1906, and the couple had narrowly escaped death on their wedding day when a
bomb was thrown at their carriage as they
drove through the streets of Madrid.
The arrival of the Princess Ena was
overshadowed by the completion at
Esquimalt of the Princess Royal, which did
not attempt to rival the Princess Victoria
in speed but was comparable to her in size
and amenities. She was named in honour
of Princess Louise, Duchess of Fife,
daughter of King Edward VII, who had
conferred the title upon her in the birthday
honours of 1905. But attention was soon diverted from her to the Princess Charlotte,
a running mate and great rival of
the Princess Victoria, which arrived from
the Clyde in 1908. The old sidewheeler
Princess Louise had been retired in 1906,
and Troup intended to name the new ship
after her; but the British Board of Trade
objected, as there were already several
other ships bearing the name on the register, and confusion might result. Several
alternatives were considered, and Princess
Charlotte was the final choice. In real life
the Princess was the daughter of the
Emperor Frederick of Germany, and thus
a grand-daughter of Queen Victoria.
Two near sisters, intended primarily
for the night service between Vancouver
and Victoria, arrived from Britain in 1910
and 1911, the Princess Adelaide and the
Princess Alice. By the time the Princess
Adelaide was launched, King Edward had
died, Princess May had become Queen
Mary, and much more interest was being
taken in her family. The Princess Adelaide
was named after the new Queen's mother,
the Duchess of Teck, who had been
Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge. She
was the first Princess not named after an
immediate member of the royal family,
but the Princess Alice conformed to what
was becoming a tradition. She was named
after Princess Alice, daughter of Queen
Victoria's son, the Duke of Albany. In
1904 she had married the future Queen
Mary's brother, the Earl of Athlone, who
was to serve as Governor General of
Canada in 1940 - 46.
Early in 1911 the Princess Mary, now
best remembered for her long years of service to the Gulf Islands, arrived from Britain. She was named after Princess Mary,
daughter of King George V and Queen
Mary, and a great-grand-daughter of
Queen Victoria. Troup went shopping for
his next ship, something he had not done
since he purchased the Hating in 1901.
On the Clyde he found a famous little
ship, the second passenger steamer propelled by turbine engines. She had been
damaged by fire, but only her upperworks
had suffered, and they would have had to
be built in any event to make her suitable
for the Vancouver-Nanaimo run that
Troup intended her to maintain. The
change in ownership resulted in a lowering
of her royal rank. She had been built in
1902 as the Queen Alexandra. Troup renamed her Princess Patricia in honour of
the younger daughter of the Duke of
Connaught, son of Queen Victoria, who
had recently assumed office as
Governor General.
The next addition to the fleet was the
Princess Sophia, of tragic memory. Some
mystery surrounds her name. It seems
likely that the person Troup had in mind
was Princess   Sophie,   daughter of the
Propeller • Spring 1986
 Emperor Frederick of Germany, and thus
still another grand-daughter of Queen
Victoria. Presumably the name Sophie
seemed somewhat informal and was revised to Sophia. The Princess herself was
used to informality; she was known in the
royal family as Sossie. Eventually she became Queen Sophie of Greece.
Next on the list comes a ship that broke
completely with the royal tradition - the
Princess Maquinna - built in 1913 for the
service to the West Coast of Vancouver
Island. Troup chose her very appropriate
name to honour the daughter of Chief
Maquinna, who had met Captain
Vancouver at Nootke Sound in 1792, a port
the Princess Maquinna was to visit more
than a thousand times in her long career.
By 1913 Troup wanted two larger, faster and more luxurious princesses to succeed the Princess Victoria and the
Princess Charlotte on the triangle run. The
intention was that they should be named
Princess Margaret and Princess Melita,
in honour of the elder daughter of the Duke
of Connaught and the daughter of Queen
Victoria's second son, the Duke of Edinburgh. But once again the British Board
of Trade intervened. After having approved the name Princess Melita, it
changed its mind, and Princess Irene was
substituted. This Princess was still another
grand-daughter of Queen Victoria; her
mother was the Queen's daughter Alice,
Grand Duchess of Hesse. She herself had
married Prince Henry of Prussia, brother
of the Kaiser. It is interesting to note that
this name must have been chosen only a
matter of months before the outbreak of
the First World War. That war was to
claim both ships; upon completion they
were requisitioned to serve as minelayers.
The Princess Irene was destroyed by an
internal explosion and the Princess
Margaret was retained permanently by
the Admiralty.
After the war the Princess fleet was
badly in need of new ships. First addition
was the Princess Louise; Troup was able
at last to commemorate the old sidewhee-
ler. But one senses that thereafter his opinion carried little weight in the choosing of
names, which had been left very largely
to him during the years when Shaughnessy
was president of the C.P.R. But E.W.
(later Sir Edward) Beatty, who succeeded
Shaughnessy in 1918, took a more direct
The last ship to carry the Princess designation
for the Canadian Pacific coastal fleet was the
second Princess Patricia, named in honour of
the first vessel to carry that name. This photo
was likely taken sometime in the last ten years.
interest in marine affairs, both ocean and
coastal. Shipping was in Beatty's blood;
his father had managed the C.P.R. 's Great
Lakes Service. Thus in 1925, when ships
were ordered to replace the Princess
Margaret and Princess Irene, their names
had nothing to do with royalty. The Princess Marguerite was named after the Hon.
Marguerite Shaughnessy, daughter of
Lord Shaughnessy, and the Princess
Kathleen honoured Miss Kathleen Madill,
a lifelong friend of President Beatty.
Mystery surrounds the names of two ships
added to the fleet in 1928 - Princess Elaine
and the Princess Norah, and Beatty may
well have been responsible for them as
well.
Royalty appeared again briefly in 1930
when the Princess Elizabeth arrived,
named after the present Queen, daughter
of King Geoirge VI. Her sister ship,
Princess Joan, recalled the steamer Joan,
which the C.P.R. acquired with the Esquimau & Nanaimo Railway in 1905, and
which had maintained the Nanaimo service until the arrival of the Princess Patricia. Royalty's final appearance came in
1949, when the Princess Marguerite and
Princess Patricia, the last ships built for
the triangle service, were completed. Both
revived old Princess names. The first
Marguerite had been a war casualty, and
the first Patricia had been sold for scrap
in 1936, at the ripe age of 34.
With the possible exception of the
Princess Ena, Troup had limited royal
names to ships of some importance. In
1918 he bought a little steamer to serve
the Gulf Islands and named her Island
Princess and in 1923 he built the Motor
Princess, appropriately named as she had
diesel engines and was designed to be an
automobile ferry. And in 1926, when he
purchased a freighter for odd-jobbing
along the coast, she was renamed Nootka.
The final break with the old nomenclature came with the arrival of the Princess
of Nanaimo in 1951 and the Princess of
Vancouver in 1955. Both were fine ships
in the Princess tradition, but the derivation
of their names was obvious. The same
was true of the Trailer Princess and the
Carrier Princess, suitably named in view
of their purpose in life, which is the conveyance of trucks, trailers and railway
freight cars.
All    mystery   and   romance   have
departed!
W. Kaye Lamb
1986
Propeller • Spring 1986
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CANADIANS:
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The Princess and her Families
a nostalgic look at the Coastal Ferry Service of the CPR
Jan. 22 - April 13,1986
open daily 10 a.m. - 5 p.m.
Vancouver Maritime Museum
1905 Ogden Ave.
(With the St. Roch, next to the Vancouver Museum and Planetarium) 604-736-4431
sponsored by
BCP
Rail
 Pardon Me, Your Slip is Showing
This is the second article by marine
writer Les Rimes on ships and postage
stamps. The first article appeared in our
last issue. Mr. Rimes is a former editor
of Propeller.
If the designers of postage stamps are
infallible, then I have made a world-startling discovery. Despite the kiddies' couplet
which says "In 1492, Columbus sailed
the ocean blue," I have discovered that
Columbus could not have sailed out on
his epic voyage to discover the new world
in the late years of the 15th century.
If you check the 1905 and 1918 commemorative stamps, issued at Kitts-Nevis,
one of the landfalls discovered by the Italian navigator (No. 24 to 28 in Scotts),
you will see Columbus standing on the
deck of his caravel, a telescope to his eye,
surveying the new found lands and the
dusky Indian maidens who were waving
on the beach.
Now, according to my Chambers Encyclopaedia, "... the first telescope from
which all later ones proceed seems to be
that presented to the General States of Holland on October 2, 1608, by the optician
Hans Lippersheim." Which, in other
words, says that a Dutch optician made
the first telescope in 1608, some 100 years
and five months after Columbus was
buried.
If you believe the St. Kitts-Nevis postal
authorities, Columbus discovered America some time after Samuel Champlain
founded the city of Quebec.
While on the subject of Christopher
Columbus, let us look at a United States
commemorative issue of October 30,
1893. If you look at the one cent stamp
through a magnifying glass, you will see
a clean-shaven Columbus looking out, for
the first time, upon the new world. The
two cent stamp, on the other hand, shows
Columbus landing on a beach, and, you
will notice, he is bearded. The question
is this: Did Columbus lounge impatiently
aboard his ship, calmly anchored off undiscovered lands, until he grew a beard?
Was he wanting to prove his masculinity
to the bare-bosomed maidens on the
beach?
While on the subject of explorers, let
us look at a Newfoundland stamp of 1897
All of the above stamps contain errors. The
stamp in the upper left depicting the vessel
Nimrod in fact shows the Morning. The stamp
in the upper right was issued to commemorate
the victory of the Bermuda yacht Viking over
an American challenger in an important 1936
race. Trouble is, the yacht on the stamp is the
American ship, not the Bermuda registered
winner. For more detail on both of these, see
the accompanying article.
The Fram, shown on the stamp at the lower
left, was commissioned by the Norwegian
explorer FridtjofNansen. The Fram (i.e. Forward) was designed to ride up over the crush
of the ice pack and the Norwegian explorer
hoped to drift in the vessel to a position from
which he could reach the North Pole. The design of the ship was successful but his 1893 -
1896 expedition did not reach the pole. The
stamp does show the Fram. The problem is
that the flag on the stern is that of Iceland,
not Norway.
Canadian stamps are not free of errors, either.
It seems this New Brunswick commemorative
was issued some time in the 1860's to honour
the British vessel Britannia. The U.E.L. government of the colony, with their strong anti-
American feeling, went reluctantly to the American Banknote Company to have the stamp prepared and that firm took the job on without
hesitation. The stamp was duly issued and circulated. Some years later, a sharp-eyed collector looked closely at the Britannia on the stamp
and at a picture of that same vessel. The two
likenesses were not of the same ship. Apparently, when they realized that they didn't have
a picture of the Britannia, the people at the
American Banknote Company substituted the
closest likeness they could find, the American
ship Washington.
(Scotts #62) which shows a bearded man,
who looks like an old Testament prophet,
on the two cent commemorative. Under
the portrait are the words: "Cabot, hym
that found the new isle."
Every Canadian, of course, knows that
John Cabot was, indeed, the explorer who,
in 1497, is said to have discovered the
island, although we all know that Vikings
landed in Newfoundland long before John
Cabot was born. However, that is not the
point: the boo boo, in this case, is that the
portrait is that of John Cabot's son, Sebastian, from a painting by the German artist,
Hans Holbein.
And, while on the subject of Newfoundland, you'll notice that on Scott's
#84, which shows a map of Newfoundland, Cape Bauld is north of Cape Norman. This stamp, by the way, is worth
about 70 cents used. It was issued January
3, 1928. However, the 1929 issue locates
Cape Bauld as being south of Cape Norman — which, according to all good Newfoundlanders, is the place where it ought
to be. The corrected stamp is worth 50
cents.
Such boo-boos create not only embarrassment, but also a dilemma. Should
Newfoundland post office authorities have
Propeller • Spring 1986
 immediately withdrawn the incorrect
stamp, thus easing the embarrassment? If
they did, post office workers would be
able to buy up the stamps immediately
before — or even after — they were withdrawn, while many collectors would not
have had an opportunity to buy. The withdrawn stamps would, immediately, become rare, with postal clerks becoming
rich overnight.
Postal authorities argue it is better to
keep the incorrect stamp in circulation, at
least until all collectors have had an opportunity to buy.
A fairly common stamp, worth $4.50
used, is the 1 Vid Fiji stamp (Scotts #119)
showing an outrigger canoe, the wind billowing its sails out from a palm-skirted
shore. Either the boat was empty or the
boatman was lying out on the floorboards
dozing. There is nobody steering the boat.
The issue had to be withdrawn and re-issued the following year with a man clearly
visible in the boat. The newer stamp is
worth 30 cents.
In 1964, Spain (#1249) issued a stamp
showing a carraca under sail without anybody aboard. Furthermore, the mainsail
must have been made of transparent plastic: you can see the foremast right through
the mainsail!
As you know, my interest runs to
stamps bearing pictures of ships and boats,
so you might find this brief article overburdened with ships, boats, and explorers.
It does seem, however, more errors are
made on ship stamps than on any others.
A very recent issue of Australian Antarctic Territory identifies a steam barque
on the 15 cent stamp as Nimrod . The
vessel, however, is not Nimrod but,
rather, the Relief Ship, Morning. The
stamp now has been withdrawn from circulation, and if you get hold of one, I
would suggest you hang on to it; it will
have some future value.
While I feel sorry for the Australians
because of the Nimrod error, I feel doubly
sorry for Bermuda. On a bright day in
1936, a major yacht race was held, with
hundreds of people lining the shore, cheering the Bermuda-owned yacht Viking as
it outsailed and out-manoeuvred the
American challenger owned by a yachting
enthusiast named Briggs Cunningham.
The win by the Bermuda yacht was such
a major event that the British colony de
cided to picture the pride and joy of the
colony's fleet on a two-penny stamp
(#108). Unfortunately, the artist was
handed the wrong photograph, and the
yacht seen on the stamp is the defeated
U.S. yacht, Lucie.
Although another error is not on the
stamp, but on a souvenir sheet issued by
the Mauritius postal authority, the information is incorrect. The souvenir sheet
says the Pierre Loti, depicted on the
stamp, "was the last ship of the Mes-
sageries Maritime to touch Mauritius on
22nd October, 1970".The ship in the picture, is an earlier Pierre Loti which was
scrapped in 1943.
The well-known Indian rope trick appears on a Kenya issue of 1935 depicting
a dhow on Lake Victoria. One of the ropes
does not reach the luff of the sail and
appears to be extended into mid-air. The
error was quickly corrected with the rope
running up to the gaff of the sail.
I have mentioned to you how Sebastian
Cabot's portrait was used in error on a
Newfoundland stamp when the portrait
should have been that of his father, John
Cabot. A boo-boo of the opposite kind
appeared on a 2V_ penny stamp of
Australia in 1947. The stamp was one of a
series marking the 150th anniversary of
the city of Newcastle, and was supposed
to show Lieut. John Shortland, RN, who
discovered the nearby Hunter River.
Somehow, however, the artist got hold of
a portrait of the naval officer's father,
Capt. John Shortland, RN, who is depicted on the brownish red stamp instead
of the son.
The Canadian post office recently
printed an envelope with a sternwheeler
on it, declaring that the ship is the Bon-
nington "launched by the CPR at Nakusp
in 1911 for operation on the Arrow,
Kootenay and Okanagan Lakes ..."
It would be impossible for any ship to
operate on these three lakes; they are not
joined together in any way, and there are
mountain ranges between each of the
lakes. The Bonnington, actually, operated
on the Arrow Lakes. But the sternwheeler
depicted is more like the Sicamous which
sailed on Okanagan Lake and now is a
museum at Penticton.
— Les Rimes
1986
HERITAGE HARBOUR
Vancouver Maritime Museum
Thomas F. Bayard — Two masted
schooner built in 1880 at the C&R Poillon
Shipyard, New York, and designed by
William Townsend. The Vancouver
Maritime Museum acquired her in 1978
for preservation and restoration. The
Thomas F. Bayard is the only surviving
vessel of its type and construction. Her
restoration as a sealer is continuing and
her home is now the Maritime Museum
Heritage Harbour.
Ivanhoe The Ivanhoe was built
in 1907 at Wallace Shipyards in False
Creek. She is a fine example of the old
towboats that once plied the B.C. coast.
The Ivanhoe was a favourite with her
crews who cared for her lovingly for many
years. They appreciated her wide decks,
seaworthiness and quietness.
Tyke — Tyke is a B.C. built version
of Sam Rabl's 1925 Picaroon design. She
was constructed of strip-plank fir in the
late 1930's. Tyke's deck, cabin and interior have been restored and she is rigged
according to her original sail plan.
Jim Quick — The Jim Quick is a carvel planked skiff built in North Vancouver
in the 1920's. Found abandoned in Howe
Sound, she was acquired by the Maritime
Museum as an example of local boat building. The vessel is now under restoration.
Maple Leaf— Built in 1904 by Vancouver Shipyards and designed by William Watts, a well-known local builder.
She was built to be both comfortable and
fast. In her early years, she dominated
local yacht races.
Minerva — Designed and built by Eric
Abildgard of Vancouver. She is a bateau
and has many features in common with
the dory. Although some modern changes
have been made, the flare in Minerva's
sides is common with traditional dories
and bateaux.
THE GIFT SHOP
The Maritime Museum Gift Shop has a
large selection of items available to visitors to the Museum. These include ships
in bottles from $49.00, yatchtsman's knife
and spike set from $37.50, set of 4 steins,
trimmed with 22k gold at $32.50, a large
selection of brass items at competitive
prices, a wide range of books on nautical
topics.
Propeller • Spring 1986
 A Postscript on Laperouse
The Museum's exhibition to recognize
the French explorer's visit to the Pacific
Northwest will open on June 10. Three major
publications have appeared to mark the Bicentenary. La genereuse et tragique expedition Laperouse by Fran?ois Bellec, Director of the Musee de la Marine in Paris, is a
major contribution to the understanding of
all aspects of the voyage and its wider historical context; it is particularly valuable for
its many finely reproduced illustrations.
Pacific Explorer: the Life of Jean-Frangois
Laperouse is a full biography by John Dun-
more, making good use of recent scholarship and providing also an excellent survey
of the historical background to the voyage
to the Pacific. Le Voyage de Laperouse
(1785 - 1788) is a completely new edition
of the Laperouse Journal edited with commentary by John Dunmore and Admiral
Maurice de Brossard; it is published by
the Imprimerie Nationale. These publi
cations, and a number of others appearing at this time, will gain some measure
of new respect for a very important yet
'forgotten' explorer of the Pacific.
The Maritime Museum has received a
proposal from Bluewater Adventures to
charter the Island Roamer to take a group
of up to 16 participants to Port de Fran-
gais/Lituya Bay in Southern Alaska to
commemorate the Laperouse visit in
1786. It is a five day round trip from
Juneau involving a sail along the outer
coast past Glacier National Park. Cost,
all meals, double occupancy, is about
$625.00. Anyone interested in this trip
should contact Robin Inglis at the
Museum - phone 736-4431. (It should
be noted that participants will be responsible for making their own way to and
from Juneau and that this is not covered
by the $625.00)
Your Membership is Vital to Your Museum
This year of 1986 with its special programmes and exhibits is a great bargain
for VMMS members. Make sure that you
RENEW your membership when it becomes due this year and help the Society
to become stronger by INTRODUCING a
friend to membership. The Museum
values your support and John Ratel and
Tom Beasley, Co-Chairmen of the Membership and Fundraising Committee, are
seeking your assistance in expanding the
membership this year to over 500.
Thanks are due to the following members who have added donations to their
renewals since January 1.
Mr. Lyall Bell; Mr. E.C. Clark; Mr.
J.V. Chambers; Fraser River Harbour
Commission; Mr. G.R. Gilley; Mr.
A.H. Meakin; Mr. J.H. Ratel.
Saluting the CANADIAN PACIFIC
A gathering of close to 300 people
was on hand to open the Museum's current
exhibit 'The Princess and Her Families'.
It's a great show, so don't miss it. Better
still, take in the Museum's three remaining illustrated lectures presenting the CPR
on Land and Sea:
March 5
Bill McKee, Glenbow Museum
'The Railway Pathfinder'
March 12
Ed Hart, Peter Whyte Foundation,
Banff
'The Selling of Canada'
March 19
Omer Lavallee, Archivist, CPR
'After Craigellachie'
Excellent value to VMMS members at
$3.50 per lecture.
Passage: FROM SAIL TO STEAM
As a Centennial Project endorsed by
the Vancouver Centennial Commission,
the Museum has sponsored the publication
of an autobiography of the life of Captain
Lancelot Beavis, an early resident of Vancouver, whose photographs of ships on
the seven seas and in ports around the
world are one of the most important enduring records of a bygone era ever created.
The collection, now in the possession of
grand-daughter Elizabeth Richardson of
Seattle, has been drawn upon to illustrate
Passage: From Sail to Steam, edited by
Mary Stiles Kline and published by Documentary Book Publishers Co. Ltd. of Seattle. Bearing the Vancouver Centennial
logo, the book will have its Canadian
'launch' at the Museum at 5:00 p.m. on
Tuesday, April 1 as one of the events of
'Centennial Week'. Featured will be an
exhibition of a number of Beavis photographs, many of which will have special
meaning to Vancouverites.
DATES FOR YOUR CALENDAR
Sundays: March 2, 16, 30 and April
6 and 20 at 2:30 p.m. — Discussion and
interpretation programme centred on boats
in the Heritage Harbour.
Sunday: March 30 at 2:00 p.m. — in
the Museum. Shipboard Instruments
and 'Foo Foo Bands'. A programme of
lively music and demonstration with Jill
King.
Wednesday: April 16 at 8:00 p.m. —
'Life Under Sail'. Talk on life on board
turn of the century sailing vessels, illustrated by historic film footage and slides,
by Randy Burke.
Tuesday, April 22 at 8:00 p.m. —
Opening of the Museum's second major
exhibit for 1986. 'Discovery of the
World' features priceless antique maps
and navigational instruments from the
David Stewart Museum in Montreal. A
marvellous exhibition that you won't want
to miss.
Thursday, April 24 at 7:00 p.m. —
Annual General Meeting of the Vancouver
Maritime Museum Society.
WORLD SHIP SOCIETY EVENTS:
Thursday, April 10
World Ship Society Cruise Night takes
place in the Auditorium and Lounge of the
Vancouver Museum at 1100 Chestnut Street.
From 7:00 to 10:00 p.m. enjoy the films,
wine and cheese party and the opportunity
to discuss your holiday plans with travel
and cruise line agents. You may even win
a door prize. Tickets will be available at all
Marlin Travel outlets.
Admission is $2.50
Wednesday, April 9
The regular monthly meeting. Tentatively scheduled is a film on paddlewheel-
ers in the Yukon. Also on the agenda is a
visit from Captain Mike Williamson, Supervisor of Marine Events, who will preview
what Expo is presenting during its Marine
Commerce/Period.
Meetings commence at 8:00 p.m.
FREE BOATING LECTURES
March 13 — Inboard Engine
Maintenance and Spring Tune-Up.
INSTRUCTOR: Simpson Power
March 27 — Painting and Varnishing.
INSTRUCTOR: International Paint
 MacLean's Magazine, May 1, 1931
FERRY PRINCESSES
By Edmund E. Pugsley
Feats of navigation
well nigh incredible
to the landsman are
all part of the days
wor\ on a %ooo-ton
West Coast "ferry"
Captain A. Slater
? bridge of the "Princess Louise."
ON THE night of October 8, 1892, a vessel known
as the Premier, of 1,044 tons Canadian register,
owned and skippered by Captain John Irving,
collided with the S. S. Willamette, of Seattle, in Puget
Sound, near Port Townsend.
Captain Irving immediately beached his vessel and
proceeded to Seattle, ostensibly to arrange salvage.
Then he quietly disappeared. The next news the
unsuspecting owners of the Willamette heard of the
object of their libel suit, already launched, was from
Victoria, where the
Premier had been dry-
docked after having
been hastily floated
and run for home.
Captain Irving had
been many years ,a
mariner and had a distinct aversion to libel
in a foreign court.
When repaired, the
vessel emerged from
drydock with the new
name of the Charmer
painted on her bow
and a good supply of
rifles in her pilot house,
the latter as a precaution against threatened
seizure by her baffled
creditors from across
the border.
That was nearly
thirty years ago, and
although the Charmer
still sails serenely
about   the   waters   of
Georgian Gulf and the British Columbian
coast, she has never since the date of her
collision with the Willamette crossed the
boundary line.
In 1900, Captain Irving sold his fleet and
interests to the Canadian Pacific Railway for a
third of a million dollars. It included fourteen
vessels of indifferent value, largely of the flat-
bottomed, stern-wheel type, but the largest
was the 1,500-ton steel ship, Islander, which
sank that fall in collision with an iceberg in
Alaskan waters, carrying down forty-nine
passengers and a heavy gold shipment from the
Klondike.
But that motley fleet of 1900, of which only
the Charmer remains in service today, was the
nucleus of the orange-funnelled Princess Line
which today is known from Seattle, Wash., to
Skagway, Alaska, as the world's finest ferry
service.
In those thirty years that fleet has grown to
twenty-one vessels, ranging from a thousand to
nearly six thousand tons gross.    They carry
annually   approximately   three-quarters   of  a
million passengers, 150,000 tons of general freight and
40,000   automobiles,   the   latter  largely  to  the  scenic
highways of Vancouver Island.   Ninety ports of call are
made and 485,000 miles covered each year on a combined
coastal line of 2,570 nautical miles.   And all this along
the coast of the most sparsely settled province of the
Dominion.
At the time of the purchase of this fleet there was
little choice for Canada's only transcontinental railway.
Victoria, situated eighty-three miles from the railway
Captain R. A. Hunter,
Veteran commodore of the C. P. R.
Princess fleet.
Captain J. W. Troup,
retired, firsii manager of the Princess fleet.
The "Princess Kathleen,"
one of the largest of the
ships on the triangidar
Vancouver- Victoria -
Seattle run.
terminus at Vancouver, clamored
for a dependable and frequent
service, and Victoria was and still
is the provincial capital.
But in addition to this necessity
for a service link to Vancouver
Island, there was also the great
Klondike gold rush calling for help.
Freight in thousands of tons was
being offered at tempting rates, and
passengers were willing to ride on
bales of hay or sleep on the open
deck at full fare for the privilege of
getting to the land of promise.
"Those were the happiest days
of my whole shipping life,"
exclaimed Captain Joe Gosse, picturesque skipper of early Skagway days and a native of
Newfoundland, 1866. "It was a life when men were
men or they were soon trampled under foot like the
crooks. I was master in turn of the Islander, the Tees,
and later of the Princess May. I took boats into the
natural Lynn Canal before Skagway was known, when
we unloaded freight on the beach across the bay at
Dyea for the famous Chilkoot Pass route. Later,
wharves were built at Skagway.
"On one trip to Skagway with the Tees we had 175
first-class passengers with only accommodation for
thirty. On the way the passengers appointed committees
for freight discharging and they took complete control
of the unloading into small boats, piling it all on the
shore before any was moved away.
"I got quite chummy with the famous 'Soapy' Smith,
but he never struck me as a particularly tough sort of
character. However he had most of the town of Skagway
bluffed for quite a time and he had a gangster system
that would be the envy of the modern Chicago bandits.
His men were riding the boats to catch the unsuspecting
man with money before he arrived, and they met the
newly rich at the Canadian boundary coming out. If
the first failed, the others would be sure to get the
victim. Drink, cards, roulette and faro, poker and
blackjack were all there in enticing form, besides
countless other skin games to separate the man from
his hard-earned money. If all these failed they did not
hesitate to use the strong arm method.
"When the Vigilance Committee finally was formed
and 'Soapy' was shot at the same instant he shot the
guard of the meeting held on the end of the wharf, the
gang was soon rounded up. Every boat out of Skagway
carried a bunch of Smith men herded down there by the
committee. At the wharf they were asked a simple
question: 'Will you go
of your own accord?'
"They were quite
ready to go. It was
almost pitiful at times
to see those fellows
supposed to be so
tough—robbers and
murderers—rushing to
the purser's office to
lay down their guns
before someone took
advantage of the situation to shoot them or
throw them overboard.
Then they'd lock themselves in their rooms
for the whole trip
south.
"I once had to turn
back to Wr angel on my
uptrip to surrender a
Smith man who started
in too soon. Two
hundred and seventy-
five passengers were so
Continued on page 36
Captain "Tommy" Rippon,
popidar skipper  of the  "Princess
Marguerite."
 MacLean's Magazine, May 1, 1931*
^he Hemmerstitch-
By ELLIS PARKER BUTLER
A side'splitting saga of two duffers who
fell out and the price they paid for wisdom
IN THIS world of ours the most difficult thing to keep
going is a whole-souled angry hatred. A consistent
and relentless enmity is so rare that the man or
woman who can hate till death, making enmity a life-
work, is almost non-existent. Such beings are gigantic;
they are sublime; they are heroic. They belong among
the lesser gods, but they are as rare as hen's teeth.
The names of those who have won eternal fame
through love or imperishable friendship are legion.
Damon and Pythias, David and Jonathan and others
come instantly to mind. It is easy for men to love one
another; you can do that and go on about your business.
Men can be dearest friends and not see each other for
twenty years. But can you name any men
who have been aught but trivial and unimportant haters? No one seems to be able to
do a firstclass job of hating, and that is why
Mr. Hemmerstitch and Mr. Beckstar are so
interesting.
To pursue a course of relentless hatred
takes a lot of time. It is a luxury and never
very profitable, often expensive. It takes time
from one's business. If a man wants to be a
good hater he has to give his entire time and
thought to it. Very few can do that, not
being able to concentrate. The truth is that
men hate along for a few days or weeks and
then forget to keep it up. Even nations forget
to hate. They cut each other's throats awhile,
and then shake hands and grin and go into
ententes and alliances.
Perhaps this is all for the best. It may be
one of the saving graces of human nature.
None the less it is interesting to discover that
there are men who can nurse revengeful
thoughts. All this is what makes the
Hemmerstitch-Beckstar feud unique.
SOME fifteen years ago Henry Hemmerstitch
bought a goodly estate in the suburb of
Westcote and moved there with his family,
and the next year George Beckstar bought the
place next door.    Both these men were past
middle age and had retired from business. Mr.
Beckstar had made his fortune in Beckstar
Sausage and Mr. Hemmerstitch had made his
in  Hemmerstitch   Kiddie   Waists,  and  they
were both fat, overfed, and too old
to play a good game of golf.    So
they joined the country club and
played golf. They began by playing
a very poor game and became worse
at it each year.
Usually they played only nine
holes. The par for eighteen holes
was seventy-four, and Mr. Beckstar
and Mr. Hemmerstitch usually did
nine holes in eighty or ninety. For
this reason they were not much in
demand, and they were even less so
for another reason—they were what may be
called a little careless in keeping their scores.
When in the rough or in the sand, for example,
they would take a stroke and miss the ball
and say "Oh, oh!" and not count that stroke.
Often Mr. Hemmerstitch or Mr. Beckstar
would take eight or nine strokes to get over a
bunker and then say, when the ball was
finally in the cup, "Six for me, George," or
"Mine was seven, Henry." That's the kind of golfers
they were.
Between the Hemmerstitch and Beckstar properties
was an iron fence about eight feet high made of three-
quarter-inch iron rods pointed at the top, and the first
day of the Beckstar occupancy little Jessica Hemmerstitch went to this fence and looked through. Standing
on the lawn some ten feet from the fence was little
Marston Beckstar, and so, quite properly, Jessica
Hemmerstitch made a face at him, screwing up her
visage and sticking out her tongue. As any young man
would do under the circumstances, Marston Beckstar
went to the fence and reached through and took a grip
on a handful of Jessica's curls and tried to pull her head
through the fence, the space between the iron rods not,
however, being wide enough for that purpose. Jessica
then reached through and grasped a handful of Marston's
hair and hung on, and thus they passed what must have
been a considerable portion of an interesting afternoon.
From then onward until they were too old to make
faces Jessica and Marston spent much of their time
trying to coax the other to come close to the fence, and
failing to do this they stood back and made remarks
«_  '•.
Mr. Hemmerstitch was in no mood to pretend that
their quarrel had been pretense.  "You can't soft-soap
me," he' shouted.   "I'm through with you!"
about each other. Thus a promising enmity developed
between them, and this became more bitter with each
year. By the time Marston was seventeen and Jessica
sixteen it had become a silent ignoring of each other's
existence. By the time Marston was twenty-one and
Jessica twenty, each thought the other was ill-bred,
conceited, rude, snooty and despicable. They had
nothing whatever to do with each other.
So, one July afternoon, Jessica was sitting in the grill
room of the country club, having a lemonade at a small
table, when Marston Beckstar lined up at the bar and
called for a ginger ale. He was served, and as he took
his glass in his hand he saw through the door a young
fellow he wanted a word with, and he sprinted for the
door with his glass in his hand. Jessica had left her bag
of clubs on the floor and Marston barged into it. He
almost fell, and in trying to save himself he poured
half a glass of ginger ale over Jessica's shoulder and into
her lap. Her skirt was thin and the ginger ale was cold,
and she had not been expecting to have ginger ale
poured into her lap, so she was taken by surprise and
uttered a little cry and jumped up.
"Oh, say, I'm sorry!" Marston exclaimed, hastening
to mop off the ginger ale with his handkerchief. "I'm a
clumsy ox. I'm mighty sorry, Miss Hemmerstitch.
I don't know what to say.   I'm awfully sorry."
"It doesn't matter; it won't hurt a bit," Jessica said.
"It was my fault.   I left that bag where anybody would
trip over it. It's my fault entirely. Please don't bother."
She was looking down at his curly brown hair, and
she remembered how soft and silky that brown hair had
been, when she had grasped handfuls of it years before.
She had an irresistible desire to touch the hair and see
if it was still as soft and silky as it had been, and she
did this by pretending to lose her balance, putting one
hand on the edge of the table and the other
on Marston's head.   He looked up at her
and laughed.
"I deserve to have it pulled," he said.
"Go ahead and give it a good one."
"I do believe I still owe you one,"
Jessica said, smiling at him. "It was
never a fair battle; my hair was longer than
yours.  But I made uglier faces."
"We sure were a couple of grand kids,"
Marston said. "Do you mind if I sit here a
minute? What do you suppose made us
go for each other that way?"
Before long Marston was explaining that
he couldn't take her on for a game that
afternoon because he had already promised
Jinksy Weatherby, and Jessica said she
was just waiting for Eddie Talliver; and
the outcome was that Jessica said that
Marston could take her to the polo game
the next afternoon, and when they had
signed their checks they went out together
and stood on the gravel below the club
verandah, giving their bags to the two
caddies who were waiting there.
Mr. Hemmerstitch and Mr. Beckstar
were seated on the verandah, sipping ginger
ale and trying to cool off after their
customary nine holes.
"There!" exclaimed Mr. Hemmerstitch,
looking down. "Now, that's more like it.
That's nice. Jessica is going to play with
your Marston.   I'm glad to see that."
"So am I," said Mr. Beckstar. "I've
wondered a thousand times why that boy
of mine runs around with a lot of empty-
headed flappers when there's a girl like
your Jessica right next door to him. I was
beginning to think I had a sap for a son,
but maybe he has some sense after all."
"Here, too, George," said Mr. Hemmerstitch, wiping the perspiration from the
underside of his double chins. "Take
Jessica, now; you'd say that girl had brains,
wouldn't you? But of all the scatter-wit,
lightweight, young snipper-snappers she
goes with! I was saying to my wife just
yesterday that I wished Jessica would take
up with a clean, serious boy like your boy.
I'm scared every minute for fear she will
bring in one of those whoopty-doo boys
and say, 'Father, this is what I'm going to
marry'."
"It would be a mighty big load off my
mind and Mrs. Beckstar's if we could see
Marston married to a girl like Jessica,"
said Mr. Beckstar. "I wouldn't want anything better.
And it does look as if that boy was getting some sense
after all. As far as I know, this is the first time he has
asked your girl to play with him, and—"
He stopped short at that point because the strident
and merry young person known as Jinksy Weatherby,
whose skirts and hair were the shortest in the club,
rushed up to Marston Beckstar and bore him off to the
first tee. Jessica remained where she was but turned to
face the caddie house, and when a couple of foursomes
 36
COLGATE'S
toothpaste has
healthfully and completely cleansed more
people's teeth than any other toothpaste
the world has ever known.
COLGATE S has been more universally
recommended by dentists through the
years than any other dentifrice ever
made.
COLGATE'S now—climaxing 30 years of
leadership — has been accepted by the
American Dental Association, Council on
Dental Therapeutics. The seal signifies
that the composition of the product has
been submitted to the Council and that the
claims have been found acceptable to the
Council.
COLGATE'S sells for 25 cents because
more people use it than any other make.
The price is important—but the quality,
not the price, has held Colgate leadership
for 30 years.
This shield is fhe seal
of acceptance.
these rock-crushing and cement-mixing
plants erected thus in the wilderness are
only temporary. When the job is over
they'll be worn out, but they will have
poured over 600,000 cubic feet of concrete
at a cost of some two cents a cubic foot.
That  is  how   Harry   McLean   does  big
The dam will arise. It will be some dam,
nearly 1,000 feet long at the top, anchored
at each end deep into the canyon sides to
hold back the enormous pressure of the
river that will have been backed up
twenty-five miles, almost back to Island
Falls. It will be 250 feet high, high as a
skyscraper of twenty stories. It will be
200 feet wide at the base, twenty feet
wider than University Avenue, Toronto,
and will taper to forty feet at the top.
This great dam will give a head of 240
MacLeans Magazine, May 1, 1931
feet of water which will pour down
through five penstocks to turn five
generators in the power house below, each
with a capacity of 65,000 horsepower.
The contours today south of the site of
the dam will largely disappear, the
Abitibi Canyon south of it will vanish,
covered by a lake which will be the
forebay.
Such is the mighty work for which the
toil of Harry McLean and his men all
through the harsh Northern winter has
only been by way of a preliminary canter.
Two summers and two more long, hard
winters of stern work must be carried out
before it will have been finished. But a
couple of years hence it will be done, and
power will go flowing on its long trip
south to drive wheels, light towns and
and give comforts to thousands.
Ferry   Princesses
Continued from page 13
incensed that they were quite ready to
throw him overboard."
Vision and Practicality
THE northern rush had abated considerably by 1903, and Captain Troup,
the fleet manager and probably the most
dynamic figure in the marine history of
the West Coast, was obliged to look about
him for new sources of business for his
Daily he stood on the terminal platform at Vancouver and noticed passengers
in ever increasing numbers disembark and
head southward over a foreign road.
"That traffic rightfully belongs to us
over the boundary," he exclaimed. And
forthwith he proceeded to take it. Using
all the arguments his thirty years'
experience as marine skipper on swift-
water boats had given him, he succeeded
in having the palatial twin-screw vessel
Princess Victoria built on the Tyne
especially for this trade.
"A white elephant," scoffed his critics.
"She'll never pay for her paint. Nineteen
hundred tons and twenty knots an hour.
A thousand passengers. Where'll he get
them?"
For a time it looked as though the
pessimists were right. Traffic didn't
appear with any degree of alacrity. But
instead of humbly apologizing to his
superiors for his mistake, Captain Troup
demanded and obtained permission to
order two more vessels, one of double the
capacity of the Victoria. And with these
three boats operating between the three
Sound cities, Captain Troup justified his
vision of the future.
Picture three rapidly growing cities,
each with ample deep sea harbors within a
few hours' sail of each other, and you
have the intrepid captain's vision. Vancouver, terminus of the Canadian Pacific
Railway on the mainland; Victoria,
eighty-three miles southwest on the tip of
Vancouver Island and British Columbia's
first city; and Seattle, Wash., eighty-
one miles south of Victoria on Puget
Sound and 145 miles direct from Vancouver. This was the triangle that
Captain Troup determined to develop
and serve. And this is the service that is
today conceded to be second to none the
world over in everything that goes to
make ferry service—speed, frequency,
safety, and comfort unto luxury. Today
the tourist season is cared for between
these three cities by the Princess Marguerite, flagship of 5,875 tons and a
passenger capacity of 1,500, and her
sister ship Princess Kathleen, travelling
in opposite directions and making the
round trip each twenty-four hours on the
full triangle. While, in addition to this, a
direct night service between Victoria and
Vancouver is maintained by the two
latest vessels built especially for the
service, the Princesses Elizabeth and Joan
of    5,500    tons    gross,    1,500-passenger
capacity and bed accommodation for 408.
This ferry service is today also considered an indispensable link in the
transcontinental route from Montreal,
the hours being advertised as ninety-
three to Victoria and ninety-eight to
Seattle. But in addition to the triangle
service, there are many other regular
runs maintained to various points along
that rugged Western coast that are
equally indispensable. Most prominent
of these are the Skagway run of nearly a
thousand miles giving a waypoint service
to Prince Rupert and three Alaskan
ports, and the west coast of Vancouver
Island run which serves the many fishing
ports and canneries.
The Skagway run has become famous
throughout the continent as an eight-day
summer pleasure tour, and not one of the
bi-weekly boats leaves Vancouver without
several honeymoon couples aboard. For
the Vancouver Island west coast service a
vessel, the Princess Norah, has been
especially fitted with a bow rudder to
assist in manoeuvring the exceptionally
tricky landings along this windswept
coast that was long ago termed the
"graveyard of the Pacific." Being 285
miles in length, Vancouver Island is only
seventeen miles shorter than Ireland and
only approximately one-half of its area.
And the west coast, being the last stand
of the savage in Canada, suggests a
wealth of historical romance—tragedy,
mystery, and cold-blooded massacres.
Another important link provided by
the orange-funnelled line is that between
Vancouver and the coal city of Nanaimo
on Vancouver Island, to which a double
daily service is run on a schedule that
matches any railway for punctuality.
A Delightful Summer Trip
THAT 750,000 people testify annually
to the necessity and reliability of the
Princess service in uniting Canada's most
westerly ports, is sufficient evidence that
this line is equally important with the
railways. How this service is maintained
on schedules that are at least ninety per
cent as reliable as any railway the whole
year round and under the most trying of
weather conditions, is a story that brings
into play the very finest traits of skill and
courage on the part of these intrepid
mariners.
To best illustrate this skill, let us take
three trips on one leg of the triangle
service under as many different weather
conditions.
It is ten o'clock on a beautiful summer
morning in Vancouver. At the foot of
Granville Street, where the orange funnels
with black tops are grouped on both sides
and at the end of Pier D, throngs of
tourists and holiday-makers eagerly find
their various ways to gangplanks according to the trip they have decided upon.
Close in on one side, two excursion boats
Continued on page 38
 MacLean's Magazine, May 1, 1931
Continued from page 32
canyon. There, along the crest, he
cleared half a square mile of bush and
cut the timber up for cordwood. He
began a camp. He built the construction
town of Fraserdale. He sank a shaft 235
feet deep into the precipitous west bank
of the canyon and began tunnelling. He
timbered the shaft with great planks of
Douglas fir. He built a wooden platform
with railroad tracks out over the edge of
the cliff to the head of the shaft, strong
enough to carry away the dump cars that
came out of the depths. He flung a foot
suspension bridge across the canyon from
the crest of the west bank to the crest of
the east. He threw across a mighty cable
capable of carrying ten-ton loads on a
pulley. He began the construction of a
great cantilever bridge to cost half a
million dollars, 450 feet long and containing over 1,000 tons of steel, solid
enough to bear the International Limited
thundering across—just* to make a platform across the river that would be handy
from which to pour the concrete down
for the dam and the power house.
This great bridge, already taking shape
across the gorge, leads to a dead end.
There will be tracks on it to bear the
concrete-laden trains, but they will lead
nowhere. On the far bank there will be
just wilderness. The bridge is only an
expedient, like the tunnels, to make
possible the building of the dam. Like
the tunnels, it will be scrapped when the
dam is built. At least it will have no
further use, though it may be left, since
it might cost more to take down than it
would be worth as old iron in the wilderness. So in the wilderness it is likely to
remain as a memorial to a magnificent
gesture in construction.
All this Harry McLean built and more.
Not all at once, of course, but gradually,
several things at a time, by co-ordination.
He laid in his three miles of track. He
brought in his trains, his machinery,
equipment, material to build a town; his
army of men, engineers, superintendents,
woodsmen, carpenters, locomotive
drivers, explosives experts, miners, drillers
and common laborers. The bush was cut
down and a clearing made on top of the
rocks. Buildings from machine-shops to
bunkhouses went up at the rate of one a
day until there were seventy of them;
trackage was laid all over the place;
sewers were installed; a double chlorina-
tion plant was set up; electric power was
brought up through the bush from the
development at Island Falls, thirty miles
south.
A compact vivid little industrial centre
was established at the same time that the
work of diverting the Abitibi by tunnels
was got under way. At the same time
that some men were building houses fit
for family units to live in, other men were
out on the ledges of the west precipice of
the canyon chipping off the shale rock,
setting great cranes on them and sinking
the shaft; while still other men, right
down by the edge of the water, began
quarrying at the entrances and exits of
the two tunnels, working from both ends.
Later, they were to attack the problem
of finishing the tunnels more rapidly by
working on them north and south from
the bottom of the shaft whose base struck
right at the middle of the two of them.
Thus, eventually the two tunnels were cut
out from eight headings, four to each
tunnel, both ways from the centre at the
bottom of the shaft and from both ends.
A Made-to-Order Town
SO THE town of Fraserdale, scarcely
six months old, has arisen seventy odd
miles north of Cochrane, almost halfway
to Moose Factory, right on the rolling
west bank of the Abitibi Canyon. It is
by way of being a miracle town, for it is
no old-time construction camp but a
modern, comfortable if bleak little city.
It has electric light, chlorinated water,
showerbaths, sewers. It has a school,
for a number of Harry McLean's men
35
have wives and families living in houses
built specially for them. It has its
private police force, and a hospital with
doctor and nurses. It has hygiene. It
has health. Every man who enters must
undergo inspection; prove that he is free
from contagious disease and, if necessary,
be inoculated.
It is drier than most towns in the old
prohibition days. Harry McLean's police
see to that. Liquor is kept out. Bootleggers may not enter. Neither may
unattached females. Thus pioneering,
while not yet exactly ladylike physically,
has been made socially above reproach.
There is too much danger drilling and
dynamiting, too much at stake, to take a
chance on drunken weakness.
The men are fed well in fine dining
rooms with varied food prepared by chefs
in kitchens worthy of a city hotel of the
first rank. An amusement hall provides
over a dozen pool and billiard tables.
There are reading rooms for the foremen.
At Christmas there was a Christmas tree
and Harry McLean played Santa Claus
to the children. Then there was a dance.
Movies are shown sometimes.
But grim work is this comfortable
camp's reason for being. All through the
harsh Northern winter work went on endlessly to the tune of three shifts a day.
Night and day, over two hundred feet
down in the rock, men drilled ceaselessly
with power drills and placed thousands of
charges of dynamite to blast through the
tunnels before winter should cease and the
river rise in spring flood to chase them
out. Night and day the bleak, rolling
rocks in back from the canyon, shorn bare
of trees, grumbled and rumbled with the
reverberations of the explosions.
Down in the tunnels it was bitterly
cold, a damp raw cold that started men
coughing. Above ground it was zero
most of the time. Down in the rock
caves which the men were gouging out,
below the level of the river, it was still
colder. But men and machines, air-driven
drills with the compressed air coming
from the power house through long
surface pipes kept from freezing by fires
at regular intervals, big steam shovels
and mucking hoists, drove tirelessly at
the rock in the blaze of powerful searchlights which found it hard to pierce the
subterranean murk in order that the job
might be done in time.
In the spring when the tunnels are
finished, the river blocked by cofferdams
and diverted, and the site laid bare,
hundreds of men will undertake the
hewing out of foundations in which to
anchor the dam at the base and at the
ends and for the power house. They will
attack the shale that has lain for centuries
on the surface of the bed now laid bare,
and cut well into the underlying rock.
By that time, synchronizing the various
phases, the steel bridge will have been
finished and the pouring of concrete will
begin.
The dam alone will take over 400,000
cubic feet of concrete. The power house,
retaining wall on the west side, core wall
and spillway on the east, will take 200,000
cubic feet more. Altogether, over 600,000
cubic feet of concrete will have been
poured when the job is ended a couple of
years hence.
In order to provide concrete in fast,
wholesale fashion for this tremendous
feat of pouring, Harry McLean has
erected a rock-crushing plant and a
cement mixing plant, the two joined by a
conveyor belt 300 feet long to form a
unit of continuous operation. These
plants, tall as young grain elevators, are
built of timbers hewn from Douglas fir.
High up in one is the crushing machinery,
the mortars, the screens that will grind
and grade the rock excavated from the
tunnels to selected sizes. High in the
other is a battery of five steel mixers that
will pour as they revolve a ceaseless supply
of heated concrete. For, until summer
comes, the cement will have to arrive at
the job, hot enough to pour fluidly.
Like the steel bridge, like the tunnels,
Waiting for the Stork
Life Publishing Company has graciously permitted this reproduction of William
Balfour-Ker's "The Hurry Call," first printed in LIFE, December 3rd, 1904.
THE DOMINION will pay a
special honor to its moth'
ers on May tenth. Presents and
tokens of family love will make
Mother's Day memorable.
But while more than 235,000
women passed safely through
childbirth last year, more than
1,300 died. More than 600 of
these women might have been
saved if they had received proper
prenatal and maternity care and
skilful assistance. What was not
done for them, however, can be
done for prospective mothers.
The one way and the only way
that a woman can escape some
of the hazards of motherhood is
to consult a doctor skilled in
maternity cases immediately af'
ter she receives her first message
from the stork, promising a most
precious gift.
Or if, for financial reasons, she
is unable to consult a physi'
cian, she will probably find in
most progressive communities a
Maternity Center where she
will be given sympathetic and
expert guidance. She may be
told that she should have a
change of diet, or should take
more rest.   She may require im'
mediate medical or surgical care.
Her doctor or the Center will
explain the laws of nature which
she must obey to avoid needless
suffering—perhaps tragedy. And
she will be given instructions
for safeguarding her baby as well
as herself.
Every woman who is to become
a mother should have an early
physical examination, including
a blood pressure test and other
tests invariably given in the
great institutions which are
teaching the world how to avoid
dangers and anxieties formerly
considered inevitable. These in'
stitutions have proved that mod'
ern scientific attention will reduce the deathrate among mothers more than twcthirds.
The mother'tO'be should remain
under her doctor's care, or un'
der the guidance of the Mater'
nity Center, until the stork has
kept his promise and this happy
message can be sent out—"Moth'
er and child are doing well."
The Metropolitan Life Insur'
ance Company will gladly mail
free, "Information for Expectant
Mothers/' ~Ask for Booklet
5-M-3I.
METROPOLITAN LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY
FREDERICK H. ECKER, President
CANADIAN HEAD OFFICE
OTTAWA, CANADA
 38
Continued from page 36
display streamers of gaily colored flags as
their decks swarm with laughing men,
women and children bound for a day at
Seaside Park or to one of the fascinating
gulf islands.
Farther along, truckers are busily loading freight and supplies into the Princess
Louise, and the sign hanging at the gangplank reads, "Sailing for Skagway,
Alaska, at 9 p.m."
At the next berth the Princess Elaine
has already cast off and is whistling a
warning that she is about to back into the
harbor on her two-hour dash to Nanaimo.
Out at the end another Princess ship is
loading leisurely for Powell River and
upcoast points.
On the far side the Princess Joan noses
saucily into the very street, proudly displaying her shining paint and brass work
to the never-tiring cluster of loiterers who
line the rail above. And immediately
behind her a constant stream of passengers winds down to the side of the
Princess Marguerite, crosses the gangplank and eagerly searches out their
choice of position for the four-hour sail to
Victoria.
At ten-thirty promptly the short warning whistle is blown and the tall, square-
shouldered figure of Captain Hunter
steps briskly out on the bridge and gives a
quiet command. The scraping of the
plank is heard, followed by the splash of
rope in water as the heavy lines are cast
off, and engines set propellers churning up
the salt water. Five minutes later the
368-foot vessel is turning in a wide sweep
toward First Narrows, now known as
Lions' Gate. Behind lies a scene of active
commerce. Freighters from all over the
world lie at elevators, factory docks,
railway or government piers, exchanging
cargoes, or tug fretfully at anchor in
midstream awaiting their turn.
To the right Grouse and Crown
mountains tower more than four thousand feet in the sky, and straight ahead
the twin peaks of the Lions smile their
snow-capped approval of this ever changing scene below. Brockton Point lighthouse is passed quickly and the keen bow
of the ship plunges into the tide rip of
the narrowing channel. A few hundred
yards to the left picnic parties are already
scattering beneath the huge fir trees of
Stanley Park, and autos skirt the sea wall
and dart momentarily from view behind
the trees.
Now a huge dragon figurehead—all that
remains of the little Empress of Japan,
once queen of the Pacific—bids us bon
voyage from its pedestal on the beach.
Presently we meet a huge blue-funnel
liner hastening in with its cargo from the
Orient, and on the other side a tiny ferry
bobs about like a cork on the swells
bound for West Vancouver.
With the passing of Prospect Point the
channel suddenly widens into English
Bay, and over beyond Siwash Rock a
tugboat struggles against the tide in the
seemingly hopeless task of towing a third
of a mile of logs into the channel we have
just left. Dead ahead a huge white shape
is seen plowing up the smooth waters of
the bay, and in almost a minute we are
abreast of the great Empress of Canada
rushing a cargo of silk to New York via
rail from Vancouver.
An hour later we pass the mouth of the
Fraser River, where the gulf is dotted
with fishing boats gathering in the harvest
of British Columbia salmon. Occasionally
an exclamation is heard from an excited
passenger as a sporting porpoise dashes
through the swells or a small whale or
blackfish shows its rolling shape above the
water.
The trip half over, we find our boat
has suddenly entered a rock-bound
channel and presently must swerve
sharply in a right turn where Active Pass
divides a pair of islands. Dodging a
series of islands of various sizes, we at
last swing wide at the tip of Vancouver
Island to enter the intricate passage to
Victoria's inner harbor, where we land
four hours after leaving Vancouver.
Blind Navigation
rPHE scene shifts to late fall or winter.
•*■ Over this entire stretch of water that
is such an endless delight in summer
there now rests an impenetrable blanket
of fog. At times the captain, peering
anxiously from the bridge, cannot make
out the figure of the lookout on the
forward bow below.
Periodically he reaches for the whistle
cord to wrench a short, sharp blast. And
as the noise penetrates the curtain that
envelopes the groping ship to strike
sharply against the first obstruction of
land, the captain listens intently for the
rebound, the echo. Travelling approximately a thousand feet per second the
sound presently returns, and according
to the length of time it has been out the
distance is calculated.
This and an intimate knowledge of
every detail of the shore for the entire
trip, together with a log record of former
trips made under all known conditions of
tide and current, constitutes the eyes of
the ship when vision is obscured.
Cautiously   yet   steadily   the   vessel
the harbor toward the dock, inbound.
Here is heard a regular medley of weird
whistles—short, shrill blasts, heavy,
booming blasts. Singly they sound or in
series, each denoting a stated purpose.
Ferryboats are seeking their slips or
putting out across the harbor, passenger
boats from other wharfs are casting off
for points up coast in a faithful endeavor
to give their advertised service. Each of
these must be avoided, though never seen.
Then at last quite suddenly the echo
from the ship whistle strikes back with
terrific force. A minute later a dark bulk
looms and the passenger realizes that the
boat is slipping into her berth. From
Seattle the boat has in some uncanny
manner blindly navigated 145 miles of
perilous water finally to find this 300-foot
space between two piers.
And at the moment before the final
order is given, when all is still with an
expectant hush, a voice is heard from the
bridge above. It is a quiet voice spoken
in an ordinary tone, but through the
hush it penetrates the fog quite clearly.
"I'd hate to have to drive an automobile through this."
Looking up and peering closer, the
passenger can make out the tall figure
with   the   slightly   wrinkled   face   in   a
The "Charmer," formerly known as the "Premier," the ship in which
Captain John Irving "jumped" the border.
makes it way in this uncanny manner,
threading narrow channels, skirting rock-
bound shores or plowing through the
centre of a five-mile gulf. But always
from the moment of casting off, the
skipper remains on the bridge peering into
the murk, issuing quiet, crisp orders or
momentarily studying his chart. And
ever the deep sonorous note of the big
whistle blasts the stillness of the day or
night, serving the dual purpose of echo
and warning to other craft that may be
miles away or but a few yards.
Always during foggy trips additional
precautions are taken and bulkhead doors
are kept closed against possible collision,
while down in the engine room a double
watch stands by with hands on levers
ready at the first clash of the signal to
stop or reverse engines. By this precaution an engine may be reversed from
full speed ahead to full astern in seven
seconds.
How well this system of precaution
works is best illustrated by an incident
some years ago on English Bay. The old
S. S. Joan was feeling her way through
one of the thickest fogs of the season
when dead ahead sounded a whistle. An
instant later the order to reverse engines
on one side and full speed ahead with the
other side was obeyed by lightning hands
and a few seconds more a huge liner
scraped by.
"You couldn't put a sheet of paper
between us," the sailor exclaimed, describing the incident. "If that engineer had
been standing with his hands in his
pockets instead of on the levers we would
have been joining the fishes that
morning."
The Princess vessel successfully negotiates the Narrows at last and swings across
peaked cap and slicker. Captain Hunter,
commodore of the Princess fleet with
forty-two years of service behind him,
has just completed another all night's
vigil on the bridge, guiding this 3,000-ton
vessel through tide and current and fog,
arriving less than an hour late on its
schedule with a hundred or more passengers confidently sleeping below. And
he'd rather do that than drive a flivver
on a street!
An Exciting Night
AGAIN the scene shifts. Captain
■ "Tommy" Rippon, next to the
commodore in seniority and popularity
and during the dense fog period of late
1925 said to be the only skipper to pilot a
boat in and out of Seattle harbor for
forty-eight hours, is sheltering his ship,
the 4,200-ton Princess Louise, behind a
small island in Puget Sound near Port
Townsend against what has been considered the worst snowstorm ever experienced on West Coast waters.
Fog is bad, say the skippers; very bad.
But snow is worse for the reason that it
deadens sound and the echo is rendered
almost impracticable. Thus only records,
with science and mathematics, remain.
And these may fail under a high wind
velocity such as accompanies an unusual
blizzard.
Four vessels are somewhere out on the
waters of Puget Sound and Georgian
Gulf—one each way between Vancouver
and Victoria and one each way between
Vancouver and Seattle. From Vancouver
outbound for Seattle, Captain Griffin,
now retired, has turned about face near
Active Pass to heave to and await the
abatement of the storm, on the Princess
MacLean's Magazine, May 1, 1931
Victoria. Some distance behind comes the
Princess Adelaide with the veteran
Captain Hunter, who also decides to
heave to in English Bay.
From Victoria outbound for Vancouver,
the Princess Alice has been driven from
her course and, unable to obtain shelter,
suddenly finds herself grazing the rocks
of Morseby Island. Captain Armiston
immediately sends out a wireless call for
help. And almost instantly he receives
the heartening reply from Captain
Rippon—"Coming!"
Into the teeth of that blizzard drove
the staunch Princess Louise. Fifty miles
to go! More than two hours of forced
running under the best of conditions. It
seemed a hopeless task from the start,
for if the Alice was badly damaged she
could scarcely keep afloat until the Louise
arrived. And what guarantee had
Captain Rippon that his ship would not
meet the same fate? Yet "Tommy"
simply answered "Coming" and ordered
full steam ahead.
The Louise had reached a point well
out from her shelter when the wireless
again chattered, and presently the operator presented Captain Rippon with
another message from the Alice.
"Putting back to Victoria alone."
"Fine! Great!" wheezed the skipper
from his place on the peak of the bridge.
"But where do we go from here? They
can go back, maybe. But we can't.
We're out here now and we've got to
stay out, and what's more we've got to
keep going!"
And keep going they did. That night
will live always in Captain Rippon's
memory. It was impossible to stay on the
bridge more than a few seconds at a time
without dodging behind the pilot house to
get his breath and renew the circulation
in his face and hands. Yet hour after
maddening hour he was obliged to stay
up there, forcing by sheer dogged will
power his senses to function against the
fury of that blizzard.
Trains are often forced to fight blizzards
in the course of their duties, but at least
they are not in danger of sinking if they
stall. And they have means of knowing
their position at all times. Deny all this
to the skipper on the bridge, add to this
the most intense physical discomfort and
fatigue and the responsibility of hundreds
of lives dependent on his skill, and we
have some conception of the position of
Captain Rippon as he struggled the long
night through on the bridge of the
Princess Louise.
Six hours late on a schedule that is
known for its punctuality, the good ship
berthed at Vancouver and the passengers
disembarked wearily with only a casual
remark for the skill that had brought
them through. But Captain Rippon
nursed a frozen nose and ears for the
balance of the winter.
Meanwhile, aboard the Princess Alice
passengers had been called as a "matter
of routine after accident" and many had
returned to their berths, while others
clustered about the piano in the saloon
and sang the night away.
But up in the pilot house the anxiety
had not abated. Would they make it
back to Victoria? Every few minutes
brought fresh reports from below. "It's
getting worse! We're holding our own.
Can you keep her in her course? How
much farther is it? If the pumps will only
hold out. There's an awful hole in her.
Thirty miles to go. Twenty. Ten. But
keep smiling, boys. Don't let the
passengers worry."
They limped into the shelter of Victoria
Bay at last, and disembarking passengers,
grumbling more or less at the disappointment of being returned to their starting
point, casually looked over the side and
saw a heavy stream of water pouring
from the ship's side. Even then few of
them realized how near to disaster they
had been that night. But the master and
crew heaved sighs of relief that one of
their worst experiences was safely over.
The End
 MacLeans Magazine, May 1, 1931
37
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 CrWdnicle
VOLUME 31, NO. 3, AUTUMN 1975
FEATURES
5     THEY'RE BEGINNING TO SEE THE LIGHT
...But changing the system is a slow process
Viveca Ohm
12     A FLEET OF PRINCESSES
Sailing into B.C.'s history
Geoff Hancock
16     PSYCHOLOGY CHANGES DIRECTION
In research and treatment the move is into
the community
Josephine Margolis
22     CLASSIC CURMUDGEON?
...just maybe
Murray McMillan
25     AN ARGUMENT ABOUT ACADEMIC
STANDARDS
Eric Green
DEPARTMENTS
29     NEWS
32     SPOTLIGHT
38     LETTERS
EDITOR Susan Jamieson McLarnon, BA'65
EDITORIAL ASSISTANT
Barbara G. Smith (BJ'72. Carleton)
COVER  Vancouver Sun photo. The Princess Louise is
towed under Lions Gate Bridge on her final voyage to
Long Beach, California, for use as a restaurant ship.
ADVERTISING REPRESENTATIVES
Alumni Media (604)688-6819)
Editorial Committee
Dr. Joseph Katz, (BA, MEd, Manitoba), (PhD, Chicago),
chair; Kenneth L. Brawner, BA'57, LLB'58; Clive
Cocking, BA'62; Harry Franklin, BA'49; Geoff Hancock,
BFA'73, MFA'75; Ian MacAlpine, LLB'71; Robert
McConnell, BA'64; Murray McMillan; George Morfitt,
BCom'58; Bel Nemetz, BA'35; Dr. Ross Stewart, BA'46,
MA'48, (PhD, Washington).
Published quarterly by the Alumni Association of the University of British
Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. BUSINESS AND EDITORIAL OFFICES:
Cecil Green Park, 6251 N.W. Marine Dr., Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1A6.
(604)228-3313). SUBSCRIPTIONS: The Alumni Chronicle is sent to all
alumni of the university. Non-alumni subscriptions are available at $3 a
year; students $1 a year. ADDRESS CHANGES: Send new address, with old
address label if available, to UBC Alumni Records, 6251 N.W. Marine Dr.,
Vancouver, B.C. V6T1A6.
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Like to know more? Call us at 689-8944.
Or write us at:
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DEPARTMENT OF
ECONOMIC
DEVELOPMENT
 They're Beginning
To See The Light
It's International Women's Year on the UBC
campus, as everywhere else.
So...?
The president's office has given out a bundle
of money (nobody, it seems, knows or will say
exactly how much) to celebrate the occasion
with workshops, seminars, special projects....
Women make up 41.2 per cent of the
enrolment at UBC and 18 per cent of the
faculty....
Women's Studies credit courses are entering
their third year....
It's two and a half years since the Report on
the Status of Women at UBC claimed in detailed
statistics that women got the rotten end of the
stick whether they were faculty, staff, or
students....
Some people are very enthusiastic.
Some are totally unimpressed.
...But changing
the system is o slow process
VivecaOhm
 The
students
Welcome to the Women's Office...er,
branch...centre...well, there are many
of them, and perhaps a little guided tour
is in order.
First of all, we have Women's Studies.
This is the credit program for UBC students taught by women faculty with the
administration's blessing, or something
approximating it.
Then there's the Women's Office, a
student-run centre which has been
around somewhat longer and was the
first to offer non-credit women's
courses back in 1971. It is now an amalgam of campus groups operating out of
the Student Union Building, organizing
workshops and projects on and off campus and functioning as a haven, a sounding board and resources place for women who want to start their own projects elsewhere.
Not forgetting the Women's Resource
Centre, run by the Centre for Continuing Education. It has an office and
drop-in centre at the downtown public
library, and runs seminars and workshops open to the public.
And this being International Women's Year, there are a number of special lectures and programs sponsored by
the Dean of Women's Office in conjunction with various faculties. The dean of
women's office, by the way, has always
6
been there. With more Position than
Power, some feel that it is on the verge
of extinction, others that it has never
before been so important.
Women's
studies
Women have been written out of our
history. To change this, they must be
given the same kind of conscious attention that is being gradually accorded to
native peoples, to the poor and to immigrants. Our college curricula must
give women special consideration until
this attention leads to their incorporation as an integral part of our culture
and curricula. It would seem ridiculous
to have courses on the history of men or
the sociology of men because it is men
who set the norm; special attention to
the male is merely redundant in a
male-dominated society. Women's
studies will be necessary until the place
of women in our society is equal to that
of men.
Our commitment must be translated
into precise activities. Our work must
take many forms including delving into
attics, recording oral history, rewriting
books, analysing statistical data, and
yes, for the time being, establishing
special courses and programs about
women and by women. At each step we
must ask ourselves: What was women's
role? Why was their role so defined?
Why have they been omitted? We must
do systematic research and develop a
social theory of women. Women's
studies can be an anachronism to the
next generation if we do our work today!
- Sherrill Cheds, "Why Women's
Studies?" from Communique: Canadian Studies 1:2, December, 1974
Dr. Helga Jacobson, one of the four
women faculty members who teach
Women's Studies at UBC, doesn't agree women's studies will become an
anachronism. She doesn't see the
course as "something we'll teach for N
years and then it'll die a quiet death," or
as a matter of righting a wrong. For her
it's a matter of a wholly new focus, of
"re-creating a discipline so that women
are fully included, and that means the
discipline is always changing...I see
women's studies as an area that will
continue to generate different ways of
looking at social, political and
economic situations." Dr. Jacobson is
one of the original members of the group
who put the course together and pushed
it through the academic maze of department heads and senate.
Women's Studies 222 is an interdisciplinary course (and what problems
it has encountered stem mainly from
that fact, for UBC's administrative
structure is not kind to interdisciplinary courses, they don't fit
smoothly). The course looks at women
from the various perspectives of anthropology and sociology, psychology,
and literature, and branches off into related seminars in those areas, which
students are recommended to take
concurrently with the main course.
"It's a really, really good course to
teach. The students are lively, extremely hard-working and very creative." A few men have taken the course
too, and there seems to be no way of
categorizing the students who take it by
background or academic and political
interests. Dr. Jacobson denies her students are particularly "political."
"I think any course is political anyway, so I wouldn't single out women's
studies. It's not being taught as a political enterprise."
She admits that, so far, relatively few
women on the faculty seem interested in
teaching women's courses or doing
studies related particularly to women.
"I don't know what it would take to
make that happen."
In the larger view, is she happy with
the position of women on campus?
Hesitation. "No, I wouldn't go on
record as saying I was happy...."
Students on Women's Studies:
"... / looked upon those courses as a
gift to myself. I felt I wanted to give
myself that gift of time, time to be in
contact with other women... And it was
just satisfying to me to have models
available, or opportunities to discuss
frustrations - yes, just to have a female
outlook on the world...."
"It's an absolutely indispensable
course. For women, all of us, we've really learned a lot. At first there was a lot
of argument about whether it was too
academic and a lot of women had come
with the idea it should be more like a
sort of sensitivitylgestalt sort of thing.
But I felt really strongly, after a month,
that we were going the right way ■
" Too many women just don't
have the information. They don't know
what they're arguing about. We have
these feelings, but without knowing why
we have had them...you're kind of left
floating around. And now I feel I can
put my foot down and slam my fist on
the table, and I know what I'm talking
about."
- from Voices of Women Students,
published by Women's Research Collective at Women's Office, SUB
 Women's
office
Over in SUB in a large bright second-
floor office, where secretaries drop in to
eat their lunch, students to let off steam
or a group of women from Penticton to
find out how to organize a workshop,
Jeannette Auger talks about it all....
This is the Women's Office. It's here
the Women's Action Group started out
and started in on the statistical digging
that resulted in the Report on the Status
of Women at UBC, campus best-seller
of winter '73. What the report found at
the time was "...that women at the University of British Columbia are a small
proportion of the faculty, that they are
paid less than men in eveiy academic
rank, that with the same qualifications
as men,women are in inferior ranks, that
the work women staff members do is
paid less than the work men staff members do, that women do not occupy
supervisory and administrative positions on the staff in the same proportions as men, and that the University
educates fewer women than men, and
educates them less."
Auger: "There never was any
money." What was done came out of
the women's own pockets and on their
own time. The $74,500 that the report
asked for to fund further research into
women on the campus was not allocated. The group eventually split up,
having to find outside jobs to support
themselves. The Women's Office carries on with the rest of its business....
"We offer a non-credit educational
program for women — and men — that
focuses on women. We also have a TV
program on Cable 10 called "Women In
Focus". This is mainly a community
workshop for non-student women. We
train them to use the equipment, then
they make their own productions.
"We also have a library, a tape library
of lectures ... and we offer
consciousness-raising groups, workshops, self-defence, anything that
people want.. .generally what we are is a
resource place."
Money? "We get our money from
anyone who'll give it to us. The Secretary of State gave us money for the
"Women In Focus" program. We have
an OFY grant till August ... some
money came through the Dean of Women's Office to bring in speakers like
Margaret Atwood...we applied to the
alumni association but got turned
down...we'll try again.
"Trouble is, as we're on the university campus, everyone says get money
from the university, but the university
says you're really a community group,
why don't you get it from the community? We're both those things...."
Auger credits the Women's Office —
or its forerunner, the non-credit women's program — with getting things
rolling in the first place. "If you hadn't
had the non-credit courses, you
wouldn't have the Women's Bookstore,
you wouldn't have the Women's Health
Collective, you wouldn't have half the
women's groups in the community."
Has there been any interest or support from men?
"I've been amazed at the kind of
awareness there was in several men I've
talked to...it's just kind of assumed that
men don't support you, I know I've assumed that, and I was surprised to find
that many did."
On the other hand, men In General
and In Groups rate little appreciation
from Auger: "When Shelagh Day
talked on the Women's Action Group,
the engineers came in with snakes,
throwing snakes all over the floor, that's
not very supportive...the Lady Godiva
ride and "Home Ec'rs are Easy"
doesn't make me think men in general
on this campus are very supportive. I'd
be surprised to find they were.
"But then lots of women aren't supportive either. It's the society we live in.
One of the big problems is showing women at UBC that they are in fact discriminated against...you know, it's abig
deal to come to university, you're better
than everybody else, so the theory goes,
so how can you possibly be discriminated against? That's the attitude of a
lot of women...."
On the other hand, she promises "If
you're here the first month of school,
there'll be women in here every day saying thank God for the Women's
Office...women who go into law, science, engineering, there's nowhere else
to go for moral support...."
Dean
of women
Yes, Virginia, there are sexist professors. And classroom atmospheres that
make you feel like you're swimming upstream.
At first they didn't know what I was
doing. There's always some reference
in a classroom situation to gentlemen
and lady. / had one instructor, you
know, he'd put something on the board,
and he'd always address me and ask me
if I understood. So I ended up by dropping the course.
My professors, some of them are un
nerved by having girls in the class. They
feel they can't tell dirty jokes. And
sometimes they tell, oh, one example, in
neurology, some of them are crude about it. The jaw muscles...when your
jaws open, it's harder to close them than
when it's pulled open. So he gets a women to stand up in front of the class and
says 'hold your jaws open, honey,' and
he pushes on them and says, 'you see,
you can never shut a woman's mouth.'
When I went to see my honors advisor in the fall, the dear gentleman
asked me about what I was going into
and whether I felt I could handle the
honors program, which in it self was an
affront because last year I got an 85 per
cent average, with 92 per cent in his
department, and it was quite evident
from my marks that I could handle the
honors program. And he asked me if I
felt I could handle it this year, and I said
'you know, my marks last year would
seem to indicate that I can.' And he
didn't take that to mean anything. He
said, 'well, you know, it's a very hard
grind, and women are emotional,' you
know, the whole thing. Encouraging me
in a sense not to go on.
The first year of university my professor was a very sort of sensual man, and
he'd write things on my essays, like he
called me pussycat, and in class he called me pussycat. I'm not here because
I'm sensual as a pussycat, cuz I look
like a pussycat. I'm here for intellectual
stimulation. Look at me, look where my
head's at; I can think and I can do this,
and look, I can achieve academically,
and intellectually, and I'm not just
another pretty face.
- from Voices of Women Students,
published by Women's Research Collective
The Dean of Women's Office gets its
fair share of such complaints. And
Dean E. Margaret Fulton admits that
"Many male professors make remarks
almost out of ignorance, which women
take as a put-down where none is intended." She contributes her own story
of challenging a male administrator who
had referred to a secretarial pool as "the
harem" and finding him stunned at her
reproaches.
"He'd never considered it like
that...yet, I'm sure it would never occur
to him to scruple against promotion (of
women)."
Students come to her with all manner
of problems, personal, financial, and to
a lesser degree, academic. As dean of
women, she is the official representative
for women's interests on campus. Yet
she feels in a way that her office is obsolete.
"If you're going to get real equality
for women on this campus, this office is
not going to do it, because it's too
7
 SPECIAL GROUP OFFER ON
BRITANNICA 3
TO UBC ALUMNI
Arrangements have been made to offer members of the university
community a reduced price on the all-new edition of Encyclopaedia Britannica. This price is lower than that available to any
individual and includes extra educational materials.
Britannica 3 is not just a new encyclopedia but a completely new
concept. Now in 30 volumes, it is designed to fully meet the three
basic needs for an encyclopedia. The "Look It Up" function is met
with the Micropaedia or Ready Reference and Fact Index — 10
volumes with 14 million words which gives the basic facts on over
102,000 entries. The need for "Knowledge In Depth" is handled by
the Macropaedia — 19volumes with 28 million words — articles up
to book-length with the well-known Britannica authoritativeness. A
single volume called the Propaedia covers the "Self Education"
function by outlining the whole of human knowledge — in a
manner which makes it, with the Macropaedia, a complete home
study guide.
Dr. Mortimer J. Adler, Director of Planning and Mr. Warren
Preece, Editor of Britannica 3 outlined the all-new edition at a UBC
Faculty Club press conference, a group which included some of
the 122 Canadian contributors.
TIME magazine featured Britannica 3 in an Education section
tribute to William Benton, publisher of Britannica for 30 years (and
the man who backed this $32 million publishing venture, who died
in March, 1973,) said "in Britannica 3 he has a monument as impressive as any man could want".
If you would like to receive more information on the special
group offer on Britannica 3, extended to UBC alumni, faculty, staff
and students, please fill in the postage-paid card and mail to-day.
Please do it now as this offer is available for a limited time only.
 stereotyped (as the traditional moral
watchdog).
"What do women want? If they're
concerned about equality in an integrated society, then they should in fact be
opposed to a segregated women's
office...any segregated offices should in
time disappear. I think the reason we
want them now and support them now is
because women have just been
awakened to the fact that the opportunities for equality are there, but they
haven't had the training or support...
that's why we need the separate offices,
to give them role models and to further
that awakening. Ideally in another decade or so, women's offices that work
for women only should disappear....
"The more I work with women, the
more I realize that women are not motivated to take positions of responsibility...are they afraid? Or are women
maybe not as competitive and aggressive as men? I think women are opposed
to high power aggressiveness and what
we think of as the male ego game...."
After her first year as dean of women,
does she find UBC a fairly liberal campus?
"Well, I don't think it's any better or
any worse...it's a fairly conservative
campus. I don't think there are as many
wnmpn pmnlnvpH nn thic nammic r»n th*»
Business
Reply Mail
No Postage Stam
Necessary if mailed
in Canada
iid by
Graduate
studies
In the wave of committees and reports
that followed The Report, graduate
studies emerged as one of the healthier
areas.
While more men than women applied
for — and are admitted to — grad
school, women nevertheless had a
higher acceptance rate — in proportion
to their numbers.
The reason? Women who applied had
higher marks. Also, they applied more
frequently to MA programs (where the
admittance rate is high) than to PhD
programs, which traditionally admit
fewer students.
Conclusion:    no    discrimination
U.B.C. ALUMNI GROUP OFFER
Box 10025, Pacific Centre,
Toronto-Dominion Bank Tower,
700 West Georgia Street,
VANCOUVER, B.C. V7Y 1A1
fire to get their degrees."
Random notes of a 10 year stretch:
Total female enrolment at UBC
Engineering
r Law
Medicine
In Ph.D. programs
In "male"
faculties
'64165
'74175
34     %
41.2%
.03%
2   %
2.5 %
21.3%
8.4 %
29.5%
9.6 %
20.6%
Women
inlaw
Of all the traditionally male faculties,
law is probably the one in which women
have made most headway. Why? Numbers and organization.
"Women In Law" was a course given
by and for women students. The upshot
was the Women's Legal Aid clinic,
formed in 1972 and still going strong. It
is run off-campus by women students to
inform and encourage women in the
community about their legal rights.
The Women's Caucus was formed after that, made up of female law students. The group meets on an informal
basis, and in the past has provided supportive action when any of its members
ran into what looked like discrimination. A result is women are getting more
intolerant of sexism in the classroom,
and feel more confident about challenging it on their own.
With around 150 students, women
now make up nearly 22 per cent of the
law school enrolment. There was a particularly big jump in enrolment in 1972,
which was also the time these groups
and activities began forming.
Currently the Women's Caucus has
been preparing data and questionnaires
on hiring practices in the city — what
women law graduates can expect when
they apply for that first always-hard-to-
land articling job. Their research found
discriminatory attitudes to women exist
in some law firms, which clearly preferred hiring men.
And in the classroom? According to
Pat Winfield, an active member of the
Caucus and Women's Legal Aid:
"There are sexist professors, and
some that are trying. And there is
sexism among the students. The men
may look on us as colleagues and 'exceptions to femininity', but in general
their attitude to women outside and to
legal secretaries continues to be
exploitative."
9
 The staff
In 1973 the Status Report and the presidential committee assigned to check on
it agreed that:
- sex-typed female job categories
have lower salaries within the university than job categories which are
sex-typed male.
- in proportion to their number, fewer
women occupy supervisory and administrative positions.
Among the recommendations of the
presidential committee were:
- that all advertising and hiring practices be free of sex preferences and
state clearly the position is open to
both men and women. (They are, they
do.)
- that for a time women be hired in
preference to men when all other
qualifications are the same. "A crash
program is essential to right a long
standing wrong." {This was never
implemented as a policy; the university sticks to its alleged merit-alone
system.)
- that the need for child care facilities
be recognized and provided for.
(We'll get back to that one.)
On the subjects of women's work and
women's pay, one administrator had
this to say in response to a committee
questionnaire in 1973: " I cannot answer
the first part of these questions definitely, since the possibility of obtaining the
services of a male secretary/
stenographer is nil. However, I do regard my own secretary (female) as just
as capable, skilful, intellectually acute,
and willing to accept responsibility critical to the operation of the department,
as my senior technician (male). Yet my
technician receives an annual salary of
$11,280 while my secretary receives
$5,904 which is manifestly unjust and
unjustifiable. Admittedly, part of the
salary discrepancy stems from the
greater age of my technician, and some
recognition for age is reasonable. But
the extent of the salary discrepancy is
10
not reasonable and stems from a tradition that women are worth less, the fact
the technicians have a union and secretaries do not, (They do now) and the
usual wearisome male chauvinism in
high places, especially the personnel
department."
About 1100 secretaries, clerical
workers and library assistants, most of
them women, belong to Local 1 of the
Association of University and College
Employees (AUCE). The union, which
was formed in 1972/73 has won substantial salary increases and greater benefits
including maternity leave, for both full-
time and part-time employees. There
are now about a half dozen unions on
campus including the Canadian Union
of Public Employees (mostly maintenance and grounds workers) so that except for certain non-union technical
workers nearly everyone has a place to
take grievances.
Sandra Lundy, past provincial president of AUCE and staff member in the
UBC information office:
"When we started to organize, the
salaries for clerical staff were so low and
the opportunities for advancement virtually nil, that we came to the conclusion the only way to make the gains we
wanted was to unionize," she said. "My
own salary last year was about $200 a
month less than it is now, which meant
after seven years I guess I was making
around $580. My understanding now is
that salaries at the university are certainly as good, if not better, than
downtown...."
So is she happy with the status of
women on campus? "I certainly think
there have been terrific improvements,
largely because of what the union has
done. But in terms of the whole university, although the proportion of women
students, and women entering professional fields, increases every year —
women are still virtually invisible in
administrative and management positions."
There is an effort now being made to
get women into these positions. "Both
men and women are encouraged to apply" is now routinely printed on top of
all job vacancies circulated by the personnel department. Nor are jobs to
stipulate gender, unless it is inherent in
the job itself, "actress" or "director of
men's athletics," for example.
The personnel department, while
eluding any attempt to pin down specific
figures, claims that "a lot of women are
applying for senior positions," and Wes
Clark, assistant director of that department insists, "We are trying to de-sex
our policies arid our thinking."
There are several women gardeners
and one woman laborer employed on
campus.
One of the main criticisms of the
Status Report has been that its staff
statistics included part-time employees,
which turned out to be misleading and
sometimes inaccurate in the final
analysis.
"I was disappointed in the Report,
they didn't do their homework... We
women have to be very careful, the best
woman has to work ten times as hard as
the worst man to be credible....
"Yes, I feel underpaid. But that's a
matter of job classification rather than
discrimination."
Fiercely    anonymous    senior
employee in the academic planning
office.
The faculty
Among the faculty today it's still true
that women tend to occupy lower ranks
than men. The majority of women faculty seem to be assistant professors,
instructors or lecturers, with very few
associate professors or professors. In a
typical recent year, 333 out of 519 applications received from women were for
appointments as assistant professors.
Once hired, women seem to be promoted less often and later than men.
Dr. Robert Clark, of the university's
academic planning department, who
headed the president's committee to investigate the situation exposed by the
Report on the Status of Women at
UBC, says, "There is no policy of conscious discrimination, but there might
be unintentional discrimination.... The
primary emphasis (in promotions) is still
on research, and while teaching is considered, it doesn't carry as much
weight. My impression is that the majority of women faculty, at least the ones I
know of, place a greater emphasis on
teaching."
There is no standard university-wide
formula to decide promotion or pay increases, he explains. "You can't say research counts 60 per cent and teaching
30 per cent, for instance." It's left to the
discretion of individual department
heads and their committees.
However, he points out that in 1974-
75, 18 per cent of the total promotions
went to women, though they comprise
14 per cent of the full-time faculty. In
plain numbers, 84 men were promoted
and 18 women. And since these 102
promotions named 39 faculty members
professors, 52 associate professors and
11 assistant professors, several of those
18 women would have gained at least
associate professor ranking.
According to the Status Report
women in the same rank, and equal in all
other qualifications, were paid substantially less than men. That seemed to be
 enough of an embarrassment to bring on
administrative action. A president's
committee is looking at this whole subject and word has it that the board of
governors is considering setting aside
special funds in the current budget to
correct any salary inequalities which
may be turned up by the committee.
Day care
Women's life rhythms are rather different from men's. Women who want to
have children usually want to have them
during the years that are designated for
undergraduate or graduate studies, or
the first year of settling into a career.
Since in our culture women are still
chiefly responsible for child-raising, and
support services are minimal, women
with small children are forced to interrupt their education and career patterns. That we stereotype all education
and career patterns by age and continuous progression, penalizes every women with children.
- Report on the Status of Women at
UBC, 1976
One answer is part-time studies and/
or part-time jobs. It's easier doing either
than it used to be. The number of part-
time students is up by a fairly dramatic
54.5 per cent among undergraduates,
and by nearly 23 per cent at the graduate
level over previous years. Part-time faculty and staff are eligible for maternity
leaves no less than are full-time
employees.
A bigger issue is day care. Still. Whose responsibility is it? The administration's, the government's, individual parents'? Several women connected with
the Women's Office in SUB held their
own protest insisting the university
should provide free day care for children of students. Nothing much came of
that.
Margaret Fulton, the dean of women,
has backed efforts to increase day care
facilities on campus. But as she says it's
difficult. "When you get right down to
the hard core of changing the system
you've got to have a dean with the
power of an academic dean, with that
kind of clout.... Take day care. Beyond
recommending that day care be provided, what can I do? I have a vote on
the senate, but one in 30 or 40, a vote on
the deans' council but I'm the only woman there among 15 men."
Meanwhile the available day care at
UBC is working out well. There are
eight parent co-ops in the old army huts
at Acadia Camp — four for children
under three (each with 12 children, the
legal limit, and two paid staff and one
parent volunteer) and four co-ops for
over-threes (24 children to 3 staff).
The university's contribution is to
give the huts rent-free plus some basic
maintenance. The parents pay a fee (up
to $170 a month depending on financial
circumstances and the child's age) toward staff salaries, and are responsible
for cleaning the huts and putting in three
to four hours a week working with the
children.
The co-ops are open to children with
at least one parent a student, or faculty
or staff member, and need only more
space to accommodate their long waiting lists.
There are also family day care
facilities, involving 20 to 40 people with
children, who with government approval, take other children into their homes.
There have been a lot of improvements,
yes. Better wages for women, or if you
want to look at it another way, the kind
of wages they should have had in the
first place. Special places to go for support and encouragement — because the
need for support and encouragement is
apparently stronger than ever. Special
policies that promise special action for
special wrongs while insisting that women are not special at all. And over all a
murmur of "Rome wasn't built in a
day"....
Nor in a year. International Women's
Year is almost up; it's been called everything from a farce to a milestone but one
thing it ain't — the five o'clock whistle
to pack up our tools and go home.D
Viveca Ohm, BA'69, a Vancouver writer, has recently completed her second
novel.
The
Sights
LEONARD BRETT
egg tempera r_!
ROBERT EVERMON
lithographs
IAN GARRIOCH
paintings and constructions
BILL LAING
etchings and lithographs
ROBERT MICHENER
paintings and watercolours
HELEN PIDDINGTON
etchings
RICHARD PRINCE
constructions
BENITA SANDERS
silkscreens
GORDON SMITH
silkscreens
ROBERT YOUNG
watercolours
EQUINOX GALLERY
 A
Fleet of
Princesses
Sailing into
B.C/s history
Geoff Hancock
Below us,English Bay seems a vast blue
and green anchorage and the sky is clear
as an aquarium. From the twenty-first
floor of W. Kaye Lamb's bright and tidy
apartment you can see the whole precious world of little yachts, yawls,
sloops, cabin cruisers, freighters and
sailboats on the move. To the north is
the Vancouver city harbour and between us and the boats nothing but sunlit
air. Many voyages can begin between
water and sky and for a marine historian
it's important to keep up with the
goings-on.
Kaye Lamb puts down his binoculars. "If you look out here on a Sunday
morning you can see 150 yachts. You
suddenly realize a lot of people here
have a connection with the sea, that the
sea embraces those chugging around as
well as those sailing."
Norman Hacking, Lamb's friend for
over forty years, agreed. He is the
marine editor of the Vancouver Province, one of only three such editors on
the Pacific coast. He considers that a
high sounding title,"but since Vancouver is one of the great seaports of the
world, I think a paper should have
somebody who is able to write about it
with some knowledge."
Kaye Lamb and Norm Hacking have
pooled their knowledge in the Princess
Story: A Century and a Half of West
Coast Shipping. "It's a straight hobby
book. Parts of it have been in draft for
years. We just never got around to putting it together. Then a rumour reached
me that someone else was going to do a
history of the Princesses. So I said to
Norman, look here, we'd better pull up
our socks and do something because we
don't want to be scooped after the moil
and toil of years. And that's the
story,"said Lamb.
Not quite. The Princess ships and the
Empress ships in the '20s were sleek,
handsome and tempting enough to make
boys want to run away to sea and Hacking and Lamb were no exception.
Hacking: "As a child I knew all the
CPR ships. I used to lie in bed and listen
to their whistles. I could tell them apart.
Some of the ships had two tone whistles
and others had elaborate whistles that
covered all the notes of the scale. They
could even play little tunes sometimes.
'How Dry I Am' was a favourite.
"I used to go to the docks and look at
the ships and I felt I was a part of them.
When I went to UBC I wrote a graduating thesis onthe early marine history of
British Columbia."
Lamb: "When I was in high school I
was patient and long suffering. I'd get a
pass from the CPR and crawl all over
 dian Pacific Navigation Company and
Captain James Troup hit upon his "original and pretty plan" to christen the
newly acquired fleet after members of
the Royal family.
"The division of the writing was also
a matter of friendships," Lamb points
out. He speaks in a gently flowing voice
that has a solid vein of sincerity. "Norman had the good fortune to know Captain Johnny Irving, son of B.C. shipping
pioneer William Irving and I had the
good fortune to know John Heritage,
chief engineer on all the major Princess
boats on the Triangle run."
The Triangle run! Adventures and
gales on the dark spots of the sea! But
not so. Originally called "the crazy
run", the Vancouver-Victoria-Seattle
trips began in June, 1904. At first the
hard working coal burning steamers ran
Vancouver-Victoria round trip, then
later in the day went from Victoria to
Seattle round trip. The ships were on
the move sixteen hours a day.
But in 1908 rate wars between the
CPR and Seattle shipping companies
led to more efficient service. The CPR
introduced the Triangle run, with two
ships running in opposite directions
(Left) The Princess Marguerite
(foreground), the Princess Mary and
Princess Charlotte tied up at pier D,
Vancouver, the Princess terminal from
1914 to 1938. The Empress of Canada is
on the other side of the pier.
along the Triangle daily. At the height of
the rate war the fare between Victoria
and Seattle was as low as 25 cents
(supplemented, some said, by free
beer.)
Much of the book's lively information
comes from patient research in archives
and newspaper clippings. But even
more comes from long discussions with
many of the pioneers and captains
themselves, sometimes under less
scholarly circumstances.
"When I met John Irving on the street
he'd always say 'how about a smile'?"
Hacking recalled. "A smile meant let's
go have a drink and tell a story. We went
down to a little joint on Pender and Bur-
rard where the customs house is. Margaret's bootlegging joint. She was a real
old timer. Gone to school with old
Judge Howie."
The point Hacking was making was
simple. You can't sit down and write a
book like the Princess story. You have
to gather information here and there.
Lamb said you have to have sessions
with people for the specific purpose of
getting information while they're alive.
Both men regretted not pumping their
informants enough. "You don't realize
the opportunities of talking to men like
(Below) In heavy fog the Princess May
piled up on Sentinel Rock in 1910 on her
way from Skagway to Vancouver. All
148 passengers were landed safely and
she was refloated within a month.
the Empresses. Knew them all. And to
the astonishment of my family, in 1921 I
saved up my pennies and bought a $35
Lloyd's Register of World Shipping. I
used to pore over this book as people
pore over their Bibles."
What, I ask, being a dummy about
nautical matters, is the difference between boats and ships? "Technically
speaking, a boat is something you put on
the deck of a ship," Hacking said.
"But even purists make mistakes,
Norman," said Kaye. "James Troup refers to one of his Princesses as 'a fine
boat V Like a good marriage. Lamb and
Hacking neatly balance their conversations, with one quietly chiding, reinforcing or contradicting the other.
Hacking wrote part one of The Princess Story, 1827-1901. This includes the
early Hudson's Bay Company sailing
brigs and schooners and the sweaty men
shovelling coal into gleaming furnaces
to drive the new-fangled steamboats.
Lamb carries on from 1901 to the present. In 1901 the Canadian Pacific
Railway acquired control of the Cana-
The Princess Story: A Century and a Half
of West Coast Shipping, by Norman
Hacking and W. Kaye Lamb, Mitchell
Press Ltd., Vancouver, B.C. $9.75
paperback.
 that, who were in Vancouver before this
city existed, who can say "Oh, Gassy
Jack Deighton, I remember him. He
used to work for me." Hacking said.
Where did the Princess ships come
from? "In 1879 there was a sidewheeler
called the Olympia. She was renamed
the Princess Louise at the time Princess
Louise was going to visit B.C.," Hacking said. Princess Louise was the wife of
the Marquis of Lome, Governor-
General of Canada and later Duke of
Argyll.
"When Captain Troup took over the
fleet in 1901 he thought Princess Louise
was a nice name, and since the CPR
already had Empresses on the Pacific,
he said let's have Princesses," Lamb
said.
Authors Lamb (left) and Hacking, on
the old CPR dock in Vancouver
harbour. In the distance the Carrier
Princess, designed to carry rail cars and
freight - not passengers.
Of course, the next time a Princess
came to visit B.C., she promptly had a
ship named after her. Princess May,
later Queen Mary, wife of George V
became the first namesake of over forty
Princess ships flying the CPR
chequered houseflag.
The Princess May was later involved
in a spectacular pileup on the rocks in
1910 that left her high and dry with over
100 feet of her hull unsupported. Her
rescue, which took nearly a month to
plan, became a classic feat of marine
salvage.
But not all ships were so lucky. The
mortality rate of ships on the B.C. coast
is high.The early wooden sailing ships
were apt to run aground, not because
they were inefficient, but because the
charts were poor and there were no
navigation lights. Many waterlogged
wrecks lie off the treacherous B.C.
coast.
Some of the Princesses met humble
A
ends. The Princess Louise and Princess
Elaine became restaurant ships in the
United States. Several were sold in the
1950s to Greek owners and renamed.
Several foundered and sank. One, the
Princess Sophia, went aground on the
Vanderbilt Reef in Alaska in October
1918. With terrible misjudgement the
passengers were not removed to the
safety of rescue craft. In the middle of
the night the Sophia slipped off the reef
and went to the bottom taking 343 passengers and crew with her. The sole
survivor was a little dog.
The photographs of the sinking Princess Kathleen in 1952 are almost as
spectacular as those of the sinking
Andrea Doria. There is a special bitterness, Lamb writes, because the disaster
might so easily have been avoided.
Several Princesses were pressed into
wartime service and some became
casualities. The Princess Irene was
blown to bits loading mines in Scotland
in 1915. The Princess Marguerite was
torpedoed off Cyprus in 1942 and sank
within an hour.
Both Hacking and Lamb considered
the first Marguerite and Kathleen the
most attractive Princess ships. With
their sharp lines and three sassy funnels
belching smoke like volcanoes, no
wonder school boys sighed when they
hove into view.
The Princess Patricia, which still operates the Alaska cruise service, and the
second Princess Marguerite, now the
property of the B.C. government and
operating between Victoria and Seattle,
are disfigured, Lamb said, pointing out
the differences in the photographs
(which are thankfully aligned with the
text).
"Because the CPR put the captain's
and officer's cabins in front of the deckhouse, they've got three or four miserable little windows instead of sleek lines.
They look sloppy compared to the glass
observation windows of the Kathleen
and the first Marguerite." The CPR has
clearly offended Norman Hacking and
Kaye Lamb. But then, to them, a Princess is not just any old ship, like say,
Lord Jim's Patna, rusted worse than a
condemned water tank.
Lamb: "They're miniature ocean liners, beautifully finished ships, real
ships. And there you were, on a real
ship, on your way to Victoria."
Hacking: "All you could eat, beautiful white table linen, silver service..."
Lamb, as chief archivist of British
Columbia from 1934-1940, made many
crossings between Vancouver and Victoria. "I used to say I'd slept in every
stateroom on every Princess. Well
that's an exaggeration, but I slept in an
awful lot of them."
But nobody wants to spend four
hours in a stateroom any more. Not that
the old Princesses were slow. "I remember the old Princess of Victoria
 was half an hour late leaving Victoria. I
never knew why. She just stayed at the
dock and then she took off. And believe
me, did the old girl go! She got to Vancouver on time. She was an old ship and
she went like the Dickens. She didn't
vibrate either," Lamb said.
"Not like the Charlotte who vibrated
so badly I used to call her old tumpety-
tump. She'd go tumpety-tum, tumpety-
tump," Lamb said, bouncing up and
down on the sofa.
The barriers preventing a fleet of
Princesses again appearing around
every corner are economic. Nostalgia
can revive one or two, like the Marguerite, but the days of luxury steamer travel
are gone.
First of all, the lucrative tourist season is too short. "The CPR can run the
Princess Patricia because she's 26 years
old and paid for. She's off the books,
except for a small bit of reconditioning.
The overhead is very little. She's in
good condition and can go along for
years. But to build a new Princess Patricia would be a staggering cost and the
CPR would only get five months service
out of her," said Lamb.
And second, the Princess ships'
luxurious and spacious staterooms were
meant for night travel. But the free and
open deck space which is so important
for fresh air seeking day travellers was
limited. In addition, the luxury
Princesses could not accommodate increased vehicular traffic, a problem
James Troup foresaw as early as 1925.
As a result the American Black Ball
ferries and the B.C. government ferries
became serious competitors. Due to the
shorter routes between Swartz Bay and
Tsawwassen, more frequent sailings
were offered. In addition the commodious new ferries could unload and load
hundreds of vehicles in minutes. The
ferries were a spectacular success with
the public and the Princesses became a
thing of the past.
Lamb says grudgingly: "I've got
nothing against the B.C. ferries.
They're all right. But they're bathroom
architecture. They remind me of a mass
of plumbing."
Thinking back to the last unmelted
cheeseburger and cornstarchy clam
chowder I had on a tourist packed B.C.
ferry, I can only agree that for a marine
historian, looking for class and gra-
ciousness, the best direction is backwards. The Princess Story makes a
good time machine.□
Geoff Hancock, BFA '73, MFA '75. is a
creative writing instructor with UBC's
Centre for Continuing Education and editor
of The Canadian Fiction Magazine.
Norman Hacking, BA '34, has been
marine editor of the Vancouver Province/b.
many years. W. Kaye Lamb, BA'27,
MA'30. (PhD, London) retired as Canada's
National Librarian and Dominion Archivist
in 1968.
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15
 Psychology
Changes
Direction
In research and treatment
the move is into the community
Josephine Margolis
The average layperson doesn't quite
know what to make of the modern
psychologist. Psychologists seem to
possess too much of the scientist to be
social workers, yet too little of the
therapist to be psychiatrists. In our
academic, social service or medical experiences, psychologists do not fit a
clearly defined niche.
Conjure up the popular image:
psychologist visits the school occasionally, tests children, diagnoses and assesses learning disabilities, performs
behavioral tests in mental hospitals and
does endless controlled experiments.
Nowhere is there a vision of the
psychologist assuming the role of
therapist in the community setting,
nowhere is the white-cloaked technician seen as a socially-conscious,
applied behavioral research scientist.
Readjust the image: see community
psychologists, clinicians who enter the
environment of the disturbed person.
Whether it is the depressed wife in her
home, the disgruntled business executive, the hyperactive child in kindergarten or the uncooperative tot in a day
care centre, the psychologist will tackle
the problem by teaching "coping skills"
to the person with the problem as well as
select members of that person's environment.
Focus on a new view of the laboratory researcher: In the past the discovery that seizures and possible brain
16
damage can be the result when alcohol
addicted rats are cut off from their daily
ration of alcohol,would have been an
acceptable and adequate research result, worthy of funding by tax dollars
and good reason for academic promotion. Today's psychologist is expected
to go even further and draw an analogy
to drunks thrown into police station
dry-out tanks.
Speak to any psychologist from any
sub-discipline — social, environmental,
behavioral, physiological, developmental or clinical — and he or she will attempt, with much conviction, to describe this wide and changing role of the
psychologist. To understand this
change, in part a response to government demands for increased relevance
in universities, in part a response to obvious social needs, start with the profession's new characterization —
"community psychology" — which as
recently as 1973 did not exist as a designated program at UBC. Note also as
part of the change, the increasing shift
towards applied research.
The UBC psychology graduate program, entitled "clinical/community psychology", trains clinical
psychologists to work in community
settings. The 24 participating students
interning in Lower Mainland municipal
health departments, UBC Health Sciences Centre hospital and Riverview
hospital,are able to learn their evalua
tive, therapeutic and consultative skills
in these settings as well as in labs and
lecture halls. Program director, Dr.
Park Davidson, explains the orientation
of this program, one of several which
the department offers: "Traditionally,
we trained psychologists to work in
large mental institutions. Today in most
mental health disciplines we treat the
individual in the community rather than
in the hospital. We believe that with
help people can manage their own problems and so we teach them social survival skills and this can be achieved only
by meeting and dealing with people in
their everyday environment. Our approach is analogous to calling in a contractor to repair the house or taking an
evening course in carpentry and doing it
yourself."
Dr. Douglas Kenny, the university
president and former head of the
psychology department, defines the underlying need for such an approach:
"One-to-one intervention therapy is
rapidly disappearing; the fifty-minute
therapy hour is an ill-afforded luxury
and the benefits in terms of behavior
modification and the number of people
that can be treated is so limited as to
make it unrealistic and impractical."
The move is away from the medical-
diagnostic model to the social-adaptive
approach. Dr. Peter McLean, one of
the three coordinators of the Health
Sciences Centre hospital internship
  We must bring the
know-how and skills
regarding human behavior
out of esoteric settings... to
the centers of everyday
life. This is mandatory in a
society which is begging
for help in the area of
mental health.
program, explains the retreat from the
traditional approach to mental illness,
the disease model where the aim is to get
people "fixed up." "To begin with the
disturbed person," says McLean, "is
not a patient but a client, a receiver of
services, which implies an active, willing and involved role; the doctor acts
merely as a tutor or craftsman to help
the person rearrange his or her living
habits. The shift is away from the in-
depth, intra-psychic approach to a view
of the person as a social entity bound by
habits."
Community psychology bridges the
gap between the social environment and
the individual. Its great promise is to be
preventive rather than to follow the
mode of fire-engine, crisis-oriented
psychiatric treatment. By concentrating
less on direct treatment and more on
passing on expertise to third parties, the
community psychologist acts as
middle-person, deciphering behavioral
problems in the individual and the group
and disseminating relevant information
to resource people at grass roots levels
— teachers, parents, prison supervisors, day care workers.
"We must," emphasizes McLean,
"bring the know-how and skills regarding human behavior out of esoteric settings, laboratories, scientific institutions and professional journals and to
the homes, the prisons, the schools and
the centres of everyday living. This is
mandatory in a society which is begging
for help in the area of mental health."
Whether the community psychologist
is meeting the disturbed person, child or
adult directly, or teaching techniques to
social service resource people, the basic
therapeutic approach is "goal-
attainment."
"We believe that it is easier to facilitate pro-social behavior than to eliminate or decelerate problematic behavior
and, therefore, the approach we advocate is best described as goal attainment ," says McLean. "We are less interested in diagnosis, in the sense of
delving into the person's past, less interested in treatment including extensive hospital bed treatment and more
interested in cultivation and encouragement of a person's strengths and
abilities to cope. The client is directed
to set specific goals and we then draw on
his or her personal and social resources
which are incompatible with the unwanted behavior. Such goals may range
from the wish to overcome a fear of
flying,to the desire to improve sexual
relations or control anxiety."
McLean says, confidently, that such
skills can be taught. "We teach history,
algebra, skills that people rarely use, yet
we teach nothing about human interaction. I see the aftermath — marital discord, depression, violent behavior, social withdrawal— of this lack of instruction. People don't behave in these ways
18
because they are sick but rather because
they can't meet their own expectations
or the ones that others have of them,and
although they lack the skills to do so or
they misuse those they have, they can
be taught to modify negative behavioral
reactions and foster positive ones.
Studies show that while family members may affect or even cause a person's
frustrations, they are equally influential
in the ability of a person to change his or
her behavior. For this reason
psychologists assume that substantial
and effective behavior modification
must be affected in the person's daily
milieu, in school or home, and in conjunction with the person's usual associates, parents, teachers, spouses.
"We work on the assumption," says
Davidson, "that change or modification
of behavior can only be affected in the
context of a person's daily environment. Therefore, if confronted with a
disturbed child who exhibits behavioral
problems in school, we would not, as in
the past, send the child to a child-
guidance centre for direct therapy, we
would attempt to upgrade the ability of
the child's caretakers, his teachers and
parents, to cope and help the child.
Similarly, treatment of a married person
could only be achieved in relation to his
or her spouse."
Dr. Helen Best, community
psychologist and supervisor of the internship program in the Richmond
health department, describes the two
levels on which community
psychologists operate. "We aim at
primary and secondary preventive
treatment. The former is to keep people
coping and prevent rather than treat
serious problems already ingrained in a
person's behavioral pattern. The latter
is aimed at individuals with existing
problems, where the goal is early detection followed by prompt treatment."
Most programs in the health units are
aimed at treatment of children. Best
explains this concentration: "It is much
easier to achieve results with children.
If the same problem were to continue
with no intervention for a number of
years, there would be a much longer
history of non-cooperation and problems, a litany of errors. Confronted with
a troubled teenager, it would take two
hours just to review his or her history
while with younger children there is a
much better mix of positive and negative incidents."
Don Ramer, a doctoral student in
psychology who did practicum training
in the Richmond health department during the summer, is involved in a secondary preventive program with highly
impulsive children who display behavioral and developmental delays,
poor skills in motor coordination,
speech and concentration.
"My function", says Don, "is to
work with a child, referred by a public
 health nurse, within these areas and
moreover to work with the parents and
teachers to develop strategies to cope
and also to train the children." He tackles the specific goal of helping the children to increase their attention span by
working with them two or three times a
week on academic tasks, games, puzzles, drawings, singing, and gradually
through different reinforcement
methods increases the length of their
concentration spans. Teachers and parents are taught the necessary skills and
are able to continue the training.
A primary preventive program is
being carried out by Christine Ailett,
also a PhD student who interned in the
Richmond health unit. A pilot program
involving, in its first stage, weekly
group meetings of ten mothers in a
lower-income housing development
and, in its second stage, meetings of
mothers from a cross-section of the
community, who gather to discuss problems, anticipated or actual, which they
sense may face their children in later
social and academic development. The
psychologist discusses general information about child development, organizes
weekly mother-child activities and acts
as a general resource person. The participants, mother and child, are
evaluated before and after a three-
month period and tested for progress in
the child's development, the quality of
mother-child interaction and the level of
the mother's satisfaction with the perceived relationship.
Commenting on the gains of such
programs, Best says: "Using evaluative
techniques, we measure the changes
achieved in the group or the individual.
The mother-child group project, for instance, showed improved development
in the child and an increased positive
mother-child interaction. If this is true
for low and middle-class mothers, we
are saying that with relatively minimal
costs we can provide the resources to
prevent, identify and treat problems and
that such resources need not necessarily be applied by the most highly skilled
technicians."
Scientific and objective program
evaluation is mandatory for the true
value of any program to be assessed.
The increased demand by the public for
accountability for programs designed to
produce social change requires the particular expertise of the psychologist in
measuring changes in human behavior.
Davidson notes the great need for critical assessment on an ongoing basis and
refers to the recent statement of B.C.
human resources minister Norman Levi
that all human resources programs must
be subject to evaluation by
psychologists, accountants, economists
and other professionals as evidence of
the growing awareness of the danger of
program initiation without evaluation
feedback and follow-up.
Dr. Kenny feels strongly that many
programs are based on "North American optimism — the belief that massive
social intervention will radically improve the lot of everyone." He cautions
that educators should be careful not to
sell a "gold brick" to the community
because if a publicly-funded program
fails, all social scientists suffer from the
boomerang effect.
The entry of the psychologist into the
community is twofold: direct as in the
case of the community psychologist and
indirect, yet equally real and beneficial,
as in the case of the 'modern' researcher. Today's researcher is moving
from the realm of the purely scientific
and theoretic towards practical application. "Psychologists are tending to
apply frontier experimentation and
laboratory research to real-life analogy," says Davidson.
He exemplifies this attitude in his
own work. Researching pain tolerance
as a function of anxiety for almost a
decade, Davidson has found practical
application for his theoretical findings
— the possibility of expanding a person's pain tolerance psychologically
rather than pharmaceutically. Related
work is being given immediate application by Dr. Kenneth Craig, of UBC's
psychology department, in the Vancouver arthritis treatment centre and in
hospital. Treatment procedures are
being used to help patients cope with
psychological problems that result from
chronic pain.
Another example of research with a
practical pay-off is Dr. Stanley Coren's
concept of "eye dominance." Coren
has found that right-eye dominance and
right-hand dominance or left hand and
eye dominance are likely to increase
athletic coordination. People who use
their non-dominant eye to look through
a telescope or a microscope generally
report more fatigue, headaches and
grouchiness than if they were using their
dominant eye, yet most lab technicians
are trained to use their right eye to peer
through a microscope. The test for
eye-dominance is simple: close one eye;
look at an object; and point to it; now
open the other eye and check where
your finger is pointing; follow the same
procedure with the other eye. You'll
notice that only through the perspective
of one eye are you pointing directly at
the object you selected. That is your
dominant eye.
"Ten years ago psychologists would
simply publish their findings, application didn't interest them. Today their
primary interest is in the practical aspect and social utility of their theoretical
knowledge," adds Davidson.
"Applied research is also made possible by the fact that the discipline is
reaching a point in its own development
which allows for such application.
Psychology as a separate discipline is a
twentieth century phenomenon; when I
studied psychology it was a course in
the department of philosophy/
psychology. During the 30s and 40s and
into the early 60s, there was a rapid
build-up of technology and knowledge
which is only recently ready for application. An example is the Skinnerian
theory of learning, which had to be researched and tested before it could be
applied in the classroom," says Davidson.
The expansion of the role of the
psychologist is appreciated as necessary for the preservation of the profession's contribution to and promotion of
mental health in the community, yet the
widened reach has the potential to
create professional rivalry and duplication between the three related mental
health professions — psychiatry, social
work and psychology. Sensing the interface and overlap of resources both at the
education and service level, Kenny advocates a new discipline or rather an
inter-discipline. "I dream, ultimately,"
says the president, "of a new kind of
specialist, not the typically trained
psychologist or psychiatrist, but a professional who combines a good
physiological grounding in neuro-
physics and endocrine function and a
knowledge of human behavior with the
skills of therapeutic treatment." ■
The prime reason for advocating such
a combined speciality is, according to
Kenny, the unrealistic and often unsatisfactory academic requirements facing all three professionals. "A psychiatrist spends three or four years as an
undergrad, four years at medical
school, one year interning and another
two years as a specializing resident.
How much of that extensive training is
relevant to treating behavioral disorders? Similarly much of the
psychologist's training is not relevant to
diagnosis or therapy and the social
worker is often totally lacking in knowledge of human physiology."
Whether psychologists continue to
train in existing programs or such an
inter-disciplinary approach is adopted,
Kenny supports wholeheartedly the
view that academic training should be
combined with internship programs in
the community. "As long as there is a
vigilant supervisor, respectable
academic programs can be achieved in a
work setting and maintain a quality
which is both academic and practical in
nature. The exchange is two-way: the
community gains the skills and service
of students under the supervision of experienced professionals and the students acquire first-hand, immediate experience in facing real problems and
their solution."a
Josephine Margolis, BA '74, is a second
year law student at UBC.
19
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TOUR INCLUDES:
* Round trip economy airfare Vancouver / Honolulu
* Inter-island flights
* Airport/hotel transfers on Maui and Oahu
*14 nights first-class accommodation — 7 on
Maui — 7 on Waikiki.
* Tennis courts available
* 5 rounds of golf including green fees and golf carts
* 2 cocktail receptions
* Escorted by Frank Gnup
* Slazenger golf bag covers
* Canadian and US departure taxes
* Tickets to Hawaiian Open
Tour cost based on two persons sharing twin bedded room:  Golfers       - $730
Non-golfers- $610
BOOKING CONDITIONS
Terms of Payment:
Prices:
Burke's World Wide Travel, Group Department
808 West Hastings St.
Vancouver, BCV6C1C9
Telephone: 688-2325
A deposit of $50 per person is required at time of booking. Balance is payable 45 days prior to departure.
Prices are based on group air fares, charters and group hotel rates current at the time of going to press (August 1975) and are subject to revision
if there are any changes in the existing rates or tariffs.
Cancellation fee insurance is available. Enquire with Burke's for full details. All costs quoted in Canadian dollars.
21
 Curmudgeon. Yes, that's the word that
first pops to mind. A somewhat cantankerous and crusty fellow.
To read his correspondence with The
Ubyssey, to listen to his views on student radicals, to read some of his comments made in the university senate on
student participation in university governance, one could easily continue to
believe that curmudgeon is the proper
adjective. But the impression would be
false. Curmudgeon implies an element
of churlishness, and the tall, silver-
haired gentleman who extends his hand
at the door of Buchanan 276 is anything
but churlish.
His name is Malcolm Francis
McGregor, and for the past 21 years he
has gained a reputation as one of the
indefatigable workhorses on the UBC
campus. Malcolm McGregor, head of
the department of classics; Malcolm
McGregor, member of countless senate
committees; Malcolm McGregor, master teacher; Malcolm McGregor, director of residences; Malcolm McGregor,
director of ceremonies....
A multi-faceted career which this
summer took a slight shift in emphasis
once again. The silver-haired gentleman
reached the age of 65 which required
relinquishing his duties as a department
head. But those whose university politics lean toward conservatism, those
who enjoy seeing a certain campus
newspaper gets its occasional comeuppance, those who delight in hearing
someone pour out his candid, unvarnished, frank opinions, and those whose
heart beats just a little faster at the sight
of a fully-robed academic parade,
painstakingly staged, can breathe easy.
He's not leaving.
"I'll have plenty to do," he says with
a grin, as he sits in his cramped office on
a hot August afternoon. "I shall still sit
on several committees, I'm involved in
several international organizations, and
I shall be teaching a full program." That
full program includes Greek language
for beginners, a 300-level course in
Greek history, several lectures in the
introductory course to classical studies,
and a graduate seminar in his special
field of interest, Greek epigraphy - the
study of ancient inscriptions.
 Classic Curmudgeon?
...just maybe
Murray McMillan
"The students have been my life and
the central part of what I do. I think
students appreciate plain speaking and
I've always tried to tell students what I
think."
Sometimes that message has been
very blunt. In February, 1969, during an
appearance before a young people's
group at Shaughnessy Heights United
Church in Vancouver, he encountered
some strong opposition from activist
students on the subject of university reform. He told the reformers simply: "I
rather suspect when you were younger
your bottoms weren't smacked hard
enough."
He added: "I have never met a
younger generation more arrogant than
this one. You (young people) think you
are unique, that you are the first ever to
go out and have a look at the world and
be dissatisfied. But this has always been
the way and there have always been
problems."
Looking back at the incident six years
ago, he says it was his reaction to specific events at a specific time. A few
months earlier several hundred students, led by American Yippie leader
Jerry Rubin, had "liberated" the Faculty Club. The invasion was the major
manifestation at UBC of the radical
student movement of the late '60s.
His assessment of that situation is
concise: It was started by an alien who
came in and stirred up emotions on
campus. "Unfortunately many of our
decent and hard-working students followed like sheep."
He says he has always opposed the
placing of students on departmental
committees and other governing bodies
of the university. Decisions of senate
and the revision of the provincial Universities Act in recent years have put
students on those bodies, and those are
changes he graciously accepts.
He says his opposition to the changes
has created a somewhat false impression that he is unresponsive to student
opinions. "My door has always been
open to students wanting to make
suggestions and offer criticisms. I have
always felt that it is far more economical
use of a student's time to drop into an
office and say what he or she thinks
rather than sit on committees.
"I don't think students come to the
university in order to tell us how to run
it, and we should not give them the impression that that is why they are here.
It would be just as sensible for me to go
to the cockpit and tell the pilot how to
run the plane.
"The student who does not like the
way we run the show is not required to
be here. He should find a place where
conditions are much more suitable to his
demands. The great majority of students are here to learn, and it is a pleasure to be with them, to participate in
teaching, and to learn with them and
from them."
Malcolm McGregor, the teacher
and scholar, holds an impressive international reputation. He was born in a
suburb of London and came to Vancouver in his boyhood. After a BA in
1931 at UBC and a master's degree a
year later, there were two years at the
University of Michigan and then on to
the University of Cincinnati, where in
1937 he received his doctorate. He
stayed at Cincinnati, eventually became
a full professor, and in 1954 was lured
back to his first love, UBC, by the offer
of the post of head of the classics department.
Lists of his contributions of articles
and reviews in scholarly journals fill
pages and pages, but his magnum opus
was a four-volume work, completed
over 20 years in conjunction with two
other scholars. Entitled The Athenian
Tribute Lists, it is a study of the financial records of Athens in the fifth century B.C. In 1954 it received the award
of merit of the prestigious American
Philological Association.
His qualities as a teacher were recognized in 1974 when, with Dr. Ben
Moyls (now assistant dean of graduate
studies), he shared the Master Teacher
Award. Dr. McGregor says that over
his 21 years as department head he has
continually worked to improve the quality of teaching in classics. "I have always preached to the faculty that students come first, that during the
academic year teaching is the primary
occupation. I have an impatience with
the man who says that his research
leaves little time for teaching. We have a
long summer and I have encouraged faculty to engage in research at that
time," he explains.
He knows all too well the politics of
academic research and says: "I always
hope that every man who engages in
research does it because he is interested
in it, not to get promoted."
In 1966 McGregor took on the
one position at the university which one
senses he regrets, he became director of
residences. "The president, Dr. John
B. Macdonald, wanted an academic
looking after residences in order to make
the residences more academic. I discovered that this was impossible. The
residences are the students' homes and
I found we should be careful in trying to
place academic strictures on those
homes."
He said in the end he was spending
more and more time in administrative
duties — checking plans for new buildings, in some cases acting as judge in
matters of misconduct. After two years
he happily turned the job over to
another man.
During those two years he was continually referred to in The Ubyssey as
"Housing Czar Malcolm McGregor," a
sobriquet which he appeared to enjoy.
Back in his undergraduate days he was a
member of the paper's staff, but in recent years on almost every issue the
paper would be on one side, the professor on the other. The battle was always
light of heart.
"I have never tried to fight any serious war in the columns of The Ubyssey
— it would be a serious blunder. I
thought that last year they reached an
apex of excellence — they learned to
spell my name correctly."
Doing things correctly, with the right
spit-and-polish, is important to Malcolm Francis McGregor. One of the
jobs he takes great pride in is his position of director of ceremonies.
"Our responsibilities are concerned
with the university on parade. The university without a prestigious history, I
think, must be sure that it acts with
propriety and protocol when it is on
parade. We are visited by a great
number of important persons from all
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over the world. These persons must be
treated with the courtesy and dignity
that their rank demands.
"I believe in ceremony, I believe in
tradition - all the trappings. All our efforts are directed to doing things properly. I hope that when our guests depart
they feel the University of British Columbia has acted properly. This doesn't
mean that we are stiffly serious — there
can always be the light moment."
A man with a fine sense of humor,
McGregor says that if there is one
change in university life which saddens
him, it is the shift to a more serious
attitude. He says the light-hearted moment, the good practical joke, is very
rare now, and that distresses him.
What does Malcolm McGregor do in
his lighter moments, when he is not
teaching or deeply engaged in research,
or planning a congregation?
The question was asked in the third
person, and he replies in the same:
"Malcolm McGregor follows keenly
the game of cricket. He is vice-
president of the British Columbia Cricket Association, he is a member of the
Association of Cricket Umpires, he
participates in the administration of
cricket in British Columbia and the rest
of Canada, he umpires throughout the
summer."
Bringing out the contents of a briefcase he adds: "He reads. A good deal of
his time is spent in his own field of
study, but he reads detective stories and
books about cricket. He reads the
learned journals."
He shows the visitor a small, battered
book which is held together by two rubber bands: "The Histories of
Thucydides, his favorite author and
about whom there is much he doesn't
know." There is a volume of the Revue
des Etudes Anciennes, and two books
on cricket.
In the winter he umpires field hockey,
a second love. He played cricket until
1968 (he was 58 then), when he tore a
muscle which never did heal complete-
ly.
Looking around his new, small office
in Buchanan there are clues to the man's
character. The walls are lined with volumes of classical studies, pictures of
university presidents hang over the one
blackboard, on which is written just
three words: Home Sweet Home.
Behind the door, on a hanger, is a
black academic robe, marked with
chalk dust. He still wears it regularly to
class. Part of the academic tradition of
doing things properly.
A young lady of my acquaintance
who thrived on his classes was told this
profile was in the works. A curmudgeonly piece on Prof.McGregor.
"Malcolm? A curmudgeon?," she
exclaimed. "He's a cupcake."□
Murray McMillan is a Vancouver freelance writer.
 An
Argument
About
Academic
Standards
Eric Green
How important are standards set by the
academic community to our society?
This question reappears in various
forms and places and causes heated debate and then submerges for a time. Because 'reading, 'riting and 'rithmetic'
are still essential elements of our system
of education, the battles are often
fought in these areas. Most recently, a
public argument developed over functional illiteracy in high school
graduates, and the cost of re-educating
them once they have gone on to college
or university.
Strangely,one set of researchers will
present evidence that standards are falling and then a short time later another
set of researchers will say high school
graduates are better educated now than
ever before in history.
So—who's right?
As in most arguments, there appears
to be a great deal of opinion (both informed and uninformed) for both viewpoints.
An august body named the Academic
Board of British Columbia, established
under the previous Social Credit government ostensibly to provide high-
level advice to the department of education regarding the development of
higher education in general, published a
statement when it went out of existence
last spring that was a strong parting
shot.
"The Academic Board wishes to express its concern at the apparent increasing lack of uniformity in academic
standards and curricula in the province
of British Columbia and with an apparent decrease in the standards of some
university programs."
Standards and curricula are obviously inseparable elements of the learning experience. The board was wisely
trying to speak from an overview of all
forms of public education.
In its statement the board then attacked the department of education:
"By a conscious policy on the part of
the department of education,
province-wide high school examinations have been phased out, and as a
result there are no longer adequate
guidelines to maintain uniform
academic standards of high school
graduation. This divergence of standards is most apparent to the universities, which traditionally have used
high school grades as the most reliable
predictors of a student's ability to profit
from a university education."
Eileen Dailly, the minister of education, responded to this criticism: "I
can't agree with that. The universities
can and do set their own admission
standards.
"Because the province-wide exams
are gone doesn't mean students enter
university or college without marks.
There is a record of their marks for individual subjects. Instead of one government exam, the final achievement is
based on an evaluation of all the student's work."
The Academic Board's point of view:
"With different graduating standards
being used throughout the province,
high school grades are no longer an
adequate measure for evaluation by
universities, colleges or employers. In
the opinion of the Academic Board this
is a gross disservice to many students,
both those with unusually high
academic ability who do not have the
opportunity to demonstrate their
achievement, as well as those with only
moderate academic accomplishments
who may be misled in their choice of
appropriate post-secondary education."
Did the board forget the optional
government scholarship examinations?
An official in the department of education stated that a battery of exams can
be written by graduating students which
will give universities and colleges a
measure of their scholarship.
"There is a definite way for students
to show their scholarship," the official
said, and the exams are open to all students. But he added that he agrees that
registrars of colleges and universities
are faced with a special problem, and
will have to find some way of assessing
prospective students. With 235 high
schools in the province, this is a big job.
"There are some schools in the province with such high standards that a
C-plus might be equal to an A taken in
another school."
In its next statement, the board
seemed to be speaking directly to the
minister: "The students most harmed
25
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Guest Artists:
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28
When a student 'fails',
who really has failed?
Some say the teachers,
some blame the parents
and many blame
the student.
They are subject to change, development, expansion and even the impact of
revolution. When a student 'fails', who
really has failed? Some say the
teachers, some blame the parents and
many blame the student.
Perhaps the fail/pass distinction is the
most psychologically destructive way
of categorizing human beings. Certainly
many educational philosophers have believed that to be true.
Academic standards have a social
purpose. Perhaps in a hundred years we
will have developed better, more
sophisticated educational techniques,
making the ones we use now look like
Model'T' Fords. If so, those who have
a passionate intensity about the present
ones may be doing those future standards a disservice, and their present
students as well. We can obviously expect too little, but we can also expect
too much.
One person, an educator interviewed for this article,made a strong
point. She said,"There is a sense that
the person who sets standards should in
their own private lives be an excellent
example of the fulfillment of those standards.
"Look around you at the people who
set academic standards. How many of
them do you respect enough to make a
model for your own performance? How
many of them have a right to throw
those stones?
"Standards are somewhat arbitrary,
temporary and subject to replacement if
something better turns up. How do we
determine something is 'better,' except
with reference to a higher standard?
"Theories in education might be described as hard or soft, left or right,
conservative or liberal. I suppose all
education tries to produce good citizens, but what is good citizenship?
Would a socialist agree with a capitalist?
"The arguments keep regressing...the teachers teach professors
when they are students. The professors
teach teachers when they come to college or university. So who's to blame if
the standards are set badly?"
Speaking to students who graduated
this spring, Roy Daniells shared some
optimism about this generation of
graduates. "Let me illustrate what I
mean about the uniqueness of your generation. The world has traditionally
presented a spectacle of violence. The
arts of the old civilizations are full of the
slaughter of men and beasts, of armed
combat. Violence and disorder and savage cruelty persist appallingly into this
contemporary world of ours. But with
one startling change: this generation no
longer regards them as inevitable or part
of a natural, unchallengeable order. A
simple example will suffice—we do not
take the extinction of endangered
species of animals as inevitable but as
preventable.
"My hope for Canada rests squarely
on you who believe yourselves citizens
of the world, who believe that ideas
once accepted as immutable can be
challenged, that men may live in unity
while cherishing diversity. And this
new dynamic, this new and rational
hopefulness springing up in the very
face of disasters and disorders, has as its
great armoury of tools and weapons, the
kinds of knowledge universities bring
forth. It is a gift of knowledge ever
ready to scrutinize, to correct, to augment and to energize itself."
Theorists in the field of education and
psychology have no common understanding about the best way to educate,
or to guarantee excellence. Some insist
that most formal education is lost over
time because it isn't used. Others add
that no teachers, or teaching system
can prepare anyone adequately for the
kind of world Daniells describes.
Universities have the right to feel
proud of the contributions they make to
the progress society makes. Many
academics are happy to share in that
pride; few, however, seem as eager to
accept the blame for the failures or for
those contributions to human knowledge which help society become more
efficiently destructive.
One thing is certain; universities, colleges and the public school system are
here to stay, and will have a significant
part to play in shaping society.
Academic standards, whatever they are
taken to be at any given time, will impinge on the values and standards of the
community.
The wisdom in the old adage, 'There
are no royal roads to learning,' still has a
message for us, both with regard to the
role that standards in academic life at all
levels play in our lives, and in the dilemmas of becoming educated. □
Vancouver writer Eric Green, BA'68, is
former director of administration with
the Universities Council.
 UBC Names New
Vice-presidents
Three new vice-presidents have been appointed to assist President Kenny in running
UBC.
They are Dr. Michael Shaw, professor of agricultural botany and former dean of
agricultural sciences, as vice-president with
responsibility for university development,
Dr. Erich Vogt, professor of physics, as
vice-president of faculty and student affairs
and Charles Connaghan, BA'59, MA'60, as
vice-president responsible for the administration of the non-academic sector of the uni-
versity. Both of the academic vice-
presidents, who took office July 1, will continue to teach in their faculties. Connaghan's
appointment is effective October 6.
Both Vogt and Connaghan have had close
ties with the alumni association in the past.
Erich Vogt was for several years a member of
the Chronicle editorial committee, serving
for the past two years as head of the committee. Charles Connaghan, a former AMS
president, has been a member of the alumni
board of management and a branch representative in Quebec and Ontario. Since returning to B.C. to head the Construction Labor
Relations Association in 1970, he has served
as a government appointment to the university senate and a senate representative to the
board of governors. In last year's rearrangement of the board under the new
Universities Act, he was one of two board
members appointed by the cabinet from a list
of nominees submitted by the alumni association. He resigned as president of CLRA in
the early part of the summer.
Reunion Notes:
The Class of '20
Comes to Tea
Over half a century ago the Class of Arts '20
was labelled as "upstarts" and some of the
members of Applied Science '20 developed
what the 1920 Annual called a "mania for
explosives, notably fulminate of mercury.
The nonchalant manner in which it was
handled was frequently a cause for concern
to those in the immediate vicinity."
This was also the class that decided it
would be fitting and proper for under
graduates to wear gowns. The garments were
duly ordered and proudly worn on their arrival four months later. "At first there were
some slight casualties, but after a little practice everyone learned to walk the length of
the reading room without upsetting any of the
furniture."
Early in August, 21 of the "upstarts" and
their classmates gathered to celebrate the
fifty-fifth anniversary of their graduation
from Fairview. The honorary president of
the class, emeritus professor F.G. "Freddy" Wood and Bea Wood were on hand to
greet the members and guests who were welcomed by Judge Alfred F.J. Swencisky,
class president, Janet Gilley, vice-president
and Elizabeth Abernethy Klinck, secretary.
Many of the class members came from out
of town for the event: from New York, Ada
Smith Lintelman; Florence Irvine Greenwood, Seattle; Waller Rebbeck, Michigan;
Harry Andrews, Powell River; Don
McKechnie, recently returned to Vancouver
from Sudbury; and from Victoria a whole
delegation, Patricia Smith, Gladys Porter,
Hugh Keenleyside, [Catherine Pillsbury
Keenleyside and Evelin Lucas Fleishman.
With old friendships to renew and reminiscences to enjoy, the reunion tea was
undoubtedly a decorous affair... at least the
class secretary did not include any mention
of upset furniture — the memories of those
early lessons in academic deportment having
endured.
Fairview Grove
To be Dedicated
The Fairview committee, with representatives from the Classes of '15 to '28 and
chaired by emeritus dean Blyth Eagles, is in
the final planning stages for what will be called the Fairview Grove. The south Main
Mall site chosen for the project is the piece of
land on which the second president of the
university, Leonard S. Klinck, then dean of
agriculture, set up the tent he lived in for
three summers, 1915 to 1917. Plans include
having the site gradually replanted with native forest trees and having a large natural
boulder carved, indicating the significance of
the site in UBC's history, a permanent reminder of the first day of classes 60 years ago
at Fairview. A dedication ceremony and
reunion tea are scheduled for September 30.
Record numbers of senior citizens enrolled
for the free summer session this year. A
highlight was tea at Cecil Green Park,
co-sponsored by the alumni association,
where nearly 200 of the senior scholars met
special guests, Eileen Dailly, minister of
education (center, right) and university
president Dr. Douglas Kenny (left).
'25 Celebrates by
Giving a Gift
The Class of '25 celebrated its fiftieth anniversary in June by giving the university a
gift. It has promised to provide the equipment needed for the orientation theater in the
UBC Museum of Anthropology scheduled
to open next year. The gift includes projectors for slides and sound film, tape decks,
amplifiers , stereo speakers and all the controls and switches needed to run everything.
Exotic Branches
Bloom in the Fall
Faraway branches with exciting sounding
names are making some very interesting
plans for fall programs.
In Japan, they are asking who is Erich
Vogt and why is he coming to Japan? And
they are all planning to be there, Saturday,
November 15 at the beautiful Chinzanso restaurant to find out. There they will get to
meet Dr. Erich Vogt, one of UBC's new
vice-presidents and an internationally known
nuclear physicist. Local arrangements are
being handled by Maynard Hogg, T156,
1-4-22 Kamikitazawa, Setagaya-Ku, Tokyo.
(Alumni in Japan are asked to forward any
address changes as soon as possible to be
sure that invitations arrive in time for this
event.)
Down-under the Aussies are planning a bit
of celebration to coincide with Canadian
Thanksgiving. The date is October 13 at the
Hilton Hotel in Sydney. Guest speaker is
John Bell, BCom'62, Canadian commercial
consul in Sydney. For further information
contact Chris Brangwin, 12 Watkins Street,
Bondi, N.S.W.  (phone 389-6054).
29
 The beauty of
British Columbia,
the magic of
The Harrison.
Just east of Vancouver, there's a
resort that offers a rare blend of
natural charm and sparkling personality. A distinguished resort of 285
rooms, where you can enjoy sumptuous cuisine, nightly dancing and
entertainment, swimming in heated
pools, golf, tennis, riding, boating,
water-skiing. A resort that's perfectly attuned to its magnificent
setting.And ideally suited for relaxing and memorable holidays. The
resort is called The Harrison .. . and
it's ready now to bring a little magic
into your life. For our color brochure,
write: Claus Ritter, General Manager, The Harrison, Harrison Hot
Springs, British Columbia, Canada.
THE HARRISON
Represented in the West by
Fawcett/Tetley Co.
Bursary Fund
Honors Gage
Since its inception seven years ago, the
Alumni Bursary Fund has often been the
helping hand that students have needed to
help them finish their year or their degree.
And for those years the hand that was there
to give them aid from the alumni fund has
been that of Walter Gage. In a way it was an
unofficial Walter Gage fund - but now it is
official - with the full name of the Walter
Gage Bursary Fund.
"We are delighted that Dr. Gage has
agreed to this change in the name of the
fund," said Ken Brawner, association president. "We feel that it will provide continuing
recognition of the incalculable contributions
that Walter Gage has made over the years to
the welfare of students on this campus."'
In its seven years the bursary fund has
provided over $155,000 for student assistance in amounts of $50 to $500. Last year
special arrangements were made to allow up
to $5,000 annually for assistance for part time
students.
A few moments to rest in the sun, and then
the Young Alumni Club members were off
again on a hiking weekend in Garibaldi
Park. This first excursion was a great
success and will be followed by a second
session in late September. The YAC fall
program is in full swing. For details contact
the alumni office, 228-3313.
(Above) The intricate workings ofTRWMF
are explained to the class of '25 during a
campus tour which was part of their reunion
weekend schedule last summer.
The Great Pumpkin
Cometh—to IWY
The tempo of International Women's Year
events on campus this autumn is on the upbeat. The program will look at women in
relation to men and children, women and the
economy, women in sports and recreation,
and women in newly emerging roles.
The panel discussions, workshops, lectures by distinguished guests, sports clinics,
theatre, exhibitions, films and colloquiums,
all free, are designed for on and off-campus
women.
Women's Week, Oct 6-11, will include
feminist theatre, poetry readings, karate and
self-defence, audio-visual and film displays,
women's music, a women's health workshop
and a lecture discussion with Marie-Claire
Blais.
Some cultural events to watch for in October are an exhibition of art by B.C. women
in the SUB art gallery; a professional readers
theatre group also appearing in SUB's art
gallery; and a noon hour film, International
Women's Year: Who in the World Needs It?,
at the Vancouver Public Library.
Guest speakers will include Dr. Diana
Alstad, Feminism and the Evolution of
Awareness; Dr. Jessie Bernard, distinguished sociologist, Freda Paltiel, Nita Barrow, Gene Errington and Dr. Jean Lipman in
a panel discussion, The Changing Function
of Women in Modern Society; and Dr.
Esther Lucile Brown, sociologist and health
service consultant, discussing both Newer
Trends in Patient Care and Community
Health Services and Nursing Reconsidered:
A Report of Change.
For more complete information on the
times and places of these events, please contact UBC Information Services, 228-3131.
UBC's women's athletic department is
holding both a conference, Oct. 23-Oct. 26,
and a sports festival, Oct.22-Oct.30 on campus. It will feature demonstration and participation clinics in some of the less well-
30
 known sports such as water polo, ringette,
soft lacrosse, karate and self defence and
rhythmic gymnastics. The Great Pumpkin
Bicycle Race, Oct. 30, is a special event, not
to be missed. Throughout the period of the
festival fitness evaluation clinics will take
place in Memorial Gym. Contact the UBC
women's athletic office, 228-2295, for complete details.
CASE Awards for
Alumni Programs
Two alumni association program areas were
honored at the July conference of the Council for the Advancement and Support of Education held in Chicago.
The alumni branches program under the
direction of Leona P. Doduk, and the alumni
fund directed by I.C. (Scotty) Malcolm, both
received awards of merit. The fund award
was for the category of direct mail campaigns
and the branches award for alumni relations
programs.
This is the first time the branches program
has received an international award and it
reflects the emphasis the association has
placed on the program inside and outside
B.C.
Award winning is becoming habitual for
the fund. In the past there have been several
awards including the $1,000 U.S. Steel
award for sustained giving. This year, in addition, the fund received a citation as a
finalist in the U.S. Steel competition for the
second year in a row.
Leona P. Doduk,
program direc-        Perry Goldsmith
New Program
Director Appointed
September 1 was a day of substantial change
in the alumni offices at Cecil Green Park.
Perry Goldsmith, BA'70, program director for the past three years, left to pursue a
more academic career. He plans part-time
study on an MBA program along with increased time spent developing his other interest, Contemporary Dialogue Ltd., a
Canadian Program and Speakers Bureau.
"Perry has made many contributions to the
association in terms of programming, ideas
and enthusiam. We are sorry to see him leave
but wish him the best of luck in the future,"
said Harry Franklin, association executive
director.
The new program director is Leona P.
Doduk, BA'71 who joined the association
staff three and a half years ago as field secretary. She will continue to be responsible for
awards and scholarships and student affairs
while assuming direction of many of the
other association programs such as reunions,
young alumni club, special events and divisions. Direct branches planning will now be
handled by Harry Franklin assisted by Carol
Kelly, who is also to be coordinator of the
new UBC Speakers Bureau, launched this
fall by the association. Alvia Stymiest will be
assisting in the coordination of reunion activities and will act as program assistant in all
general program areas.
Whenyou're ready to setup practice,
we're ready to help.
Bank of Montreal. We've been helping
doctors and dentists longer than any other
Canadian bank. We've got plans designed to
meet your particular needs.
Operating funds, term loans and mortgages (business or personal). We can also
arrange your car or equipment leasing.
We mean it when we say
Just look for the shingle.
J^±   The First Canadian Bank
SQ
;__._
(g
Bank of Montreal
31
 BOfiTO
A former governor of the Vancouver Stock
Exchange and president of the alumni association, W. Thomas Brown, BA'32, (MA,
Oxford), has been elected to the board of
directors of the Bank of British Columbia
...Two brothers, both eminent in their respective fields, have retired within a short
time of one another. Ian McTaggart Cowan,
BA'32, (PhD, California), widely known for
his work in ecology, wildlife management
and conservation, has just retired as dean of
graduate studies at UBC and will resume his
career as full-time scientist. His brother,
Patrick D. McTaggart-Cowan, BA'32, (BA,
Oxford), DSc'61, stepped down in the spring
as executive director of the Science Council
of Canada. Formerly president of Simon
Fraser University and director of the department of transport's meteorological
branch, and a fellow of the American
Geophysical Union, he directed the clean up
operationofChedabuctoBay,N.S.,after3.8
million gallons of bunker oil were spilled during the 1969 Arrow disaster.
Now able to enjoy the fruits of their labors,
four agricultural scientists have just retired
from the Summerland Research Station.
Donald V. Fisher, BSA'33, MSA'36, (PhD,
Iowa State), the station's director, is retiring
after 42 years. He is currently completing a
history of the fruit industry in North America
from 1860...John M. McArthur, BA'33,
MA'35, (PhD, Washington State), with the
station 35 years, had made valuable contributions to the study of the problem of bloat in
cattle...Cecil V.G. Morgan, BSA'38, (MSc,
McGill), a 30 year veteran of research, has
achieved international recognition for his
taxonomy of mites, and Karlis O. Lapins,
MSA'54, (PhD, Rutgers), also retiring, has
32
John and Flora Stokes
Someday, sooner or later, there will appear a grand design for the development
of B.C. 's north country. In the meantime,
John Stokes is doing everything he can to
ensure that the people of the north don't
get lost in the planning.
After a BA in zoology in 1948 and a
year of graduate work he joined the new
biological engineering branch of the federal fisheries department. "When we
started out there were seven of us, four
engineers and three biologists. Now
there's over 200. Of the original three,
one is an assistant deputy minister in Ottawa, the other the west coast director.
I'm the third. I flew the coop, fifteen
years ago, by golly."
What happened fifteen years ago? In
the early 50s Stokes and his wife, Flora
Norris Stokes, BSA'48, MSA'49, were
stationed in Prince Rupert. "It suddenly
hit me that I was sort of going through the
motions of being an Anglican," said
Stokes, "and it began bothering me."
Transferred back to Vancouver he began
night school courses in theology. Many
courses and exams later he was ordained
fifteen years ago, and received his first
parish in Fort St. John.
And what did Flora think of this change
in their life? "Oh, she knew where I was
going before I did."
After Fort St. John there were parishes
in Smithers and Terrace. Last year this all
changed. John Stokes was named by the
Anglican Church of Canada as liaison
officer for northwest development.
The events that prompted his appointment began in the fall of '73. The federal
and provincial governments announced
plans to spend $325 million on development studies. This was followed by the
signing of a general development agreement, promising community consultation
and involvement. But a "veil of secrecy
came down. We didn't hear a thing." The
silence worried local people, particularly
the native Indians whose land claims are
still in dispute. After the general agreement was signed the Nisgha Tribal Council passed a resolution that the land claims
should be settled before any form of development took place. (A similar resolution, sponsored by the Caledonia diocese, was approved by the Anglican
Synod.) The second part of the resolution
asked the church to appoint someone to
try and protect the interests of the people
of the area. They asked specifically for
John Stokes.
Since then it has been busy. There has
been information to gather and
disburse—"data by itself isn't much good
so I've tried to provide educational material to go with it,"people to meet—"I've
met every group and organization I could
find between Terrace and Prince George
that had any concern." Even chambers of
commerce. "They sort of interpret what
I'm doing as no growth, no development,
no progress, which is hogwash.
"We've got the resources...it's a responsibility to use them but let's develop
them gradually, not come roaring in creating a boom with the chaos that comes
with it, complete the resource extraction
and pull out again leaving more chaos.
Plan it responsibly and sanely, that is
what we are saying."
This year has been one of change for
Flora Stokes too. At first "she felt a bit
lost because we had worked together so
much in the parish ministry," said John.
She looked around and decided to do
some development work herself. The result is "Hope to Cope", a self-help group
for young, single mothers, funded by the
federal government's International Women's Year program. Part of the project is
a week-long summer camp complete with
pottery, paints and quilting, a dining hall
with long tables set for the next meal,
small red bunk houses, a beautiful lake
and the occasional ray of sun. It seemed a
superb time was had by all—the swarm of
happy kids, their mothers, Flora and as
his name tag said, Big Bad John.
Those early years in Fort St. John play
a large part in the way John Stokes feels
about the future of the north. He and
Flora lived through a period of intense
regional development. The population
zoomed from 700 to 7000 in five years.
"There were problems bursting all over
the place—housing, schools, medical and
social problems, and attempted suicides.
Most of the deaths and burials I dealt with
were accidentaf and tragic, very few died
of old age....I've experienced that once
and I don't want to see it happen again
anywhere else. I'll fight tooth and nail to
prevent it happening here."
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tf.e fwo of you can cri//se 330 miles of British Columbia's
"Inside Passage" this autumn...and take your car with youi
:a's greatest travel value
. to make it. Fall is one
in British Columbia with
d crisp evenings. From
 _ . .„, J .._.nt to drive into the province's heartland; visit the land of totems and
the gold rush, the great range lands at roundup
time. It's alive with wild fowl and hungry fish.
The colours are brilliant. The "Queen of Prince
Rupert" takes you and your vehicle there in style
at a price anyone can afford. Our fares haven't
changed in nine years.
♦Canadian dollars. Between Kelsey Bay, Vancouver Island
and Prince Rupert. Two adults and car $90. Two-berth,
semi-deluxe cabin $20. Allow $30 for meals. Independent or
escorted tours by Bus and Ferry are available through
your travel agency. M.V. "Queen of Prince Rupert" registered
in Canada, operated by the British Columbia Government,
Department of Transport and Communications, Honourable
Robert M. Strachan, Minister.
Let us send you a colourful brochure and schedule.
Write to:
British Columbia Ferries
Tsawwassen Terminal, Delta, British Columbia.
V4K 3M2. Canada.
 For the best in
pianos and organs
^O0pnbarfpr
from Vienna
the world's very best
PETROF
exceptional touch and sound
YAMAHA
acclaimed throughout the world
TOM LEE
MUSIC
952 Granville St., Vancouver 685-8471
V J
H.A. Roberts
Gallery of Homes
5663 W. Boulevard
Vancouver, B.C.
Interested in buying or
selling real estate
in Vancouver?
For advice and assistance
without high pressure
salesmanship, call me
anytime.
Joan Bentley
224-0255 Res.
266-9131 Bus.
■_£_____
Ian McTaggart Cowan
Gilbert Cecil Gray
achieved recognition for introducing the first
commercial self-fertile sweet cherry cultivar,
Stella, rated as one of the most important
advances in sweet cherry growing...Winner
of the 1964 W.J. Gage award for the best
children's story, and writer of radio stories,
newspaper articles and book reviews,
Samuel Melville Roddan, BA'37, is retiring
from teaching senior English at New
Westminster secondary school. He has just
finished a history of the United Church in
B.C., Batter My Heart, and hopes to continue writing... Former University of Victoria president Hugh Farquhar, BA'38,
MA'55, (PhD. Alberta), has been appointed
acting president of the University of Notre
Dame in Nelson for 1975-76...Newly appointed executive director of the Canadian
Manufacturers' Association, Roy A. Phillips.
BASc'38, was formerly vice president and
general manager, consumer electronics and
appliances, RCA Ltd...Commercial meat
and wool-producing muskox may yet roam
the North if a grass-seeding method developed by Stanley Weston, BSA'39, for
tundra-like soil conditions is adopted on a
wide scale.
34
Three time Leacock Award winner Eric
Nicol. BA'41, MA'48, has anew pocketbook
on the stands. The Best of Eric Nicol... "Mr.
Europe" of the external affairs department in
Ottawa, John G.H. Halstead, BA'43, is leaving his post as deputy undersecretary of state
for a posting as ambassador to West Germany... Recently appointed director of re
gional development of the Greater Vancouver Regional District is William T. Lane.
BA'44, BCom'47. LLB'48, who formerly
chaired the BC Land Commission..."The
federal government can throw this stuff
further than anyone in Canada," commented
senator Ray Perrault. BA'47, who eventually
succumbed in the 1975 finals of the annual
world bull throwing championships at Williams Lake. Competing federal, provincial,
and municipal politicians employed genuine
hand-picked bull pies.
Vancouver public relations specialist
Ernie G. Perrault, B A'48, is the proud author
of a third novel. Spoil, and is currently working on several film projects, including a
documentary on an Eskimo settlement
ninety miles from the the magnetic North
Pole. A BC government travel film. Mirrors
to the Sun. made by Perrault and two friends,
has won the best documentary award at the
Canadian Film Festival and a gold medal in
Farbes, France for the best documentary in
the International Tourism Film Festival...A
former president of the alumni association,
Paul S. Plant, BA'49. has been elected president of North American Wholesale Lumber
Association, the third Canadian to hold the
position in 83 years...In the merger of the
Alberta departments of lands and forests and
mines and minerals into the energy and
natural resources department, former deputy
minister of lands and forest development
Robert Gordon Steele. BSF'49, is deputy
minister of renewable resources.
The man who produced the TV show Quest
and public affairs program Sunday, Daryl
Duke, BA'50, has been awarded a UHF licence in Vancouver. He hopes to produce
local programming free of the stigma of provincialism...Gilbert Cecil Gray, BA'50, a
partner of Peat, Marwick, Mitchell & Co.,
has been elected 1975-76 president of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of
B.C...After seven years as assistant deputy
attorney general of Canada, C. Robert Mun-
ro, QC, LLB'52, has been appointed assistant vice president and chief actuary of Manufacturers Life, Toronto...A $2000 Dart
Award for academic innovation at the University of Southern California has been won
by Jack F. Lintott. BSc'53, (MBA, Western
Ontario), (PhD, Michigan), an associate professor of business administration. Under his
direction, teams of MBA students have
acted as consultants to senior management of
participating companies ...The regional agricultural representative for western Nova
Scotia since 1964, Ralph E. Morehouse,
BSA'53, MSA'68, will be fielding new responsibilities. He has been appointed administrative assistant to Nova Scotia's
minister of agriculture and marketing.
The first visiting professor of Canadian
studies at the University of Edinburgh will be
Ian Drummond, BA'54, (PhD, Yale), professor of economics at Toronto...Vancouver
Sun columnist and former Ubyssey editor
Allan Fotheringham, BA'54, has been appointed a senior editor at the Sun. Other
appointments include David Ablett, BA'65,
from Ottawa bureau chief to senior editor
and Don Stanley, BA'69, formerly a writer
for the entertainment pages, to TV columnist...On an expedition tracing Alexander
Mackenzie's voyage from the Fraser River
 Walter Hardwick
to the sea, Rudolph Haering, BA'54, M A'55,
(PhD, McGill), head of UBC's physics department, led a team of scientists this summer on a search for Indian artifacts and the
mysterious source of a scarce volcanic glass
prized by early Indians for making tools. ..As
UBC's newly appointed director of continuing education, Walter G. Hardwick, BA'54,
MA'58, (PhD, Minnesota), professor of
geography, will be trying to improve access
to UBC programs for mature students and
develop new means of delivering academic
and professional education programs off
campus.
On his first ambassadorial appointment,
Edward Graham Lee, BA'54, LLB'55, a top
external affairs lawyer, has been posted to
Israel...The Protestant Children's Village,
which has served Ottawa for more than 100
Dorothy Anne Pomeroy Autor
years, has a new executive director, Ann
Hunter Hargest, BA'55, BSW'58. Her
background includes time as a family welfare
caseworker in London, England...Dorothy
Anne Pomeroy Autor, BA'56, MSc'57,
(PhD, Duke), of the University of Iowa College of Medicine, will receive a Research
Career Development Award from the National Institute of Health to continue studying the effects of hyperoxia and other toxic
environmental factors upon the development
and function of the lung at the molecular
level. Last year she received a Basil O'Connor Starter research grant from the National
March of Dimes Foundation.
A change of scenery and change of job will
keep Burke Cole Corbet, BASc'57,
(MBA,Western Ontario), busy. He's on his
way to Edmonton to chair the board of Corod
Manufacturing Ltd. and become chief executive officer...Vern J. Housez, SCom'57, a
former chair of the UBC Alumni Fund, and
vice president of Standard Brands Ltd., has
been elected as a director of the company...Now chairing all new foreign student
services at the Bechtel International Centre,
Stanford University, Norah Turnbull Bretall,
BA'57. had been teaching English as a second language to the spouses of foreign
graduate students and visiting scholars.. .Don
Jabour. BA'57, LLB'58, Kelowna alumni
branch president, has been named to head
the new provincial commission to oversee
legal aid in B.C.
A three-time winner of the MacMillan
Bloedel award for business journalism and
Vancouver Sun editorial page contributor Pat
Carney, BA'60, has been appointed for a
three-year term to the Economic Council of
Canada. She has also worked for the Toronto
Star, Mac Lean's and the New York Times
...Associate dean of arts at the University of
Manitoba, David Lawless, MA'60, (PhD,
London), has been appointed director of the
extension division. He was responsible for
initiating the Stony Mountain penitentiary
academic program in 1973 and was on the
committee which drafted the agreement for
the university's Canadian Armed Forces
program...The process of involving
teachers, students, parents and administrators in curriculum development will be the
task of a new Vancouver School Board divi-
Vancouver Opera
Season Sixteen
BONYNGEOPERA
SPECTACULAR!
1975-76
Oct. 23, 25, 30, Nov. 1 — Vancouver exclusive —
Canadian Premiere! Rossini's masterpieceSemnamide,
in Italian
Jan. 29, 31, Feb. 5,7 — Vancouver premiere —
electrifying! daring! Tchaikovsky's The Queen of
Spades, in English
March 11, 13, 18, 20 —
By popular demand —
enchanting! timeless!
Gounod's Faust, in
French.
Apr. 22,24,29, May 1 —
World Premiere —
glamorous! theatrical!
Franz Lehar's Merry
Widow, in English.
AND STARRING...
JOAN SUTHERLAND — the world's most beloved singer.
NEW HORIZONS FOR THE PRACTITIONER
A Professional Development Seminar
A month-long residential program designed forthe professional helper (social worker, physician, counsellor, etc.)
who is seeking new directions in his/her practice. A wide
variety of philosophies and techniques will be studied and
practised, including body and energy concepts.
The program will be led by practitioners who themselves
have experienced considerable professional changes:
ELLEN TALLMAN, B.A. taught for many years in
the   Humanities   before   integrating   her
academic experience into the practice of group
process.
JOCK MCKEEN, M.D. synthesizes acupuncture
therapeutics with his practice in general
medicine.
BENNET WONG, M.D., F.R.C.P. (C) is a
psychoanalytically trained psychiatrist who
has adopted the philosophy and techniques of
the human potential movement.
The seminar is from November2-30. Feeof $1450includes
all tuition, room and board. The setting is Cortez Island,
The Cold Mountain Institute residential centre 100 miles
north of Vancouver. Pre-registration should be made as
early as possible, and accepted applicants will be given an
advance reading list.
GOU) MOUNTAIN fN$7tW6
For applications, further information and a brochure of
other programs, contact:
Granville Island Park, Vancouver, B.C. 684-5355
35
 UBC Fall Program 1975.
Come Learn with us.
Programs for adults in
current concerns, history and world events, science
technology, the human habitat;
women's resources, you and your body, languages,
economics, farming and gardening, life and literature;
executive and professional programs,
university credit courses,
at times to suit you:
daytime, weekend, evening; field trips and travel
programs
at locations throughout the city.
Life is Learning, (and it's great!)
Write or phone for your copy of the Fall Program 1975
|[=il|   Centre for Continuing Education,
Heal   The University of British Columbia,
l===   Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1W5
(604/228-2181)
r~
OurWee Postie
Has A
Heavy Sack...
Specially when he totes
mountains of Alumni Unknowns...
ifyW
So if you're changing
your name, address or
v                 lifestyle... let us know...
'      and put a twinkle back
in our postie'seye.
Enclose your Chronicle
mailing label. If we have
Alumni Records                                  Vour P0Stal Code wron9'
6251 N.W. Marine Drive                                          please correct US.
Vancouver, B.C. V6T1A6
N
(Please note your husband's full name. Indicate title i.e. Mrs., Ms., Miss, Dr.)
Postal code Class Year	
sion headed by Beverly D. Buchanan,
BEd'61, MEd'70. She has just been appointed assistant superintendent, the first
woman to hold such a position in a B.C.
school district.. .John H. Eliot, BCom'61, has
been elected to chair the Pacific district of the
Investment Dealers' Association of Canada.
Carol Miller Teather, BSc'61, received her
law degree at the University of Puget Sound
last spring. It was the first full class to
graduate from UPS law school... As winner
of a Fulbright-Hays award from the Council
for International Exchange of Scholars and
the Franco-American Commission for Educational Exchange, Robert L. Felix, MA'62,
will be visiting lecturer on American private
international law at the University of
Clermont-Ferrand...Harry W. Johnson,
BCom'62, has been appointed manager,
small motors, of the industrial apparatus department of CGE in Peterborough,
Ont...The newly created position of associate vice president (academic) of Simon
Fraser University will be filled by Daniel R.
Birch, BA'63, MA'68, (PhD, California),
dean of education since 1972 and presently
chair of the Joint Board of Teacher Education
for B.C.
Joseph E.Gervay, MSc'63, PhD'65, has
been promoted to senior chemist at the Du
Pont Co. photo products department in the
research lab in New Jersey...Our counsellor
in the Canadian Embassy in Washington,
Jack Kepper, BCom'63, is now on his way to
Peking to be counsellor there...When he becomes associate dean for administrative affairs and assistant professor of arts administration at the University of Cincinnati
College-Conservatory of Music this fall,
David T. McKee, BA'64, will be in charge of
all aspects of a new MA degree program in
arts adminstration. He is currently director
of arts administration at York University... After eight years of travelling with the
Ottawa based contracting firm of Geoterrex,
Rolf N. Pedersen, BSc'64, is now hanging his
cap in Sydney, Australia for a time as manager of the company's airborne division
there.
Remember George W. Hungerford,
BA'65, LLB'68, and Roger C. Jackson,
MPE'67, who won one of Canada's few
Olympic gold medals in Tokyo in 1964? The
former is now a partner in a Vancouver law
firm, and the latter works for the federal government directing the preparation of athletes
and coaches for international competition... Returning to the University of New
Brunswick after a sabbatical as a visiting
scholar at Western Michigan University,
Fred C. Rankine, BEd'65, MA'66, EdD'68,
has assumed the chair of the fifth year and
graduate division of the faculty of education.
His wife, Daryl Muir Rankine, BHE'53, has
just received her MA in home economics
from Western Michigan University...Researching methods of teaching English to
post-secondary students in technical school,
Eunice MacRae Stronach, MA'65, (BA,
BEd, Alberta), will be spending a year at
Garnett College, University of London.
The first judge of Chinese extraction ever
appointed in Canada, Randall "Buddy"
Wong, BCom'65, LLB'66, was sworn in in
Vancouver this year. Also one of the
youngest appointees in Canada, he was
working for the federal department of justice
in Vancouver and previous to that was crown
attorney for the Yukon Territory...Robert
Dunn, MA'67, (PhD, Oxford), is leaving his
36
 TuanT. Nguyen
job as head of English literature, faculty of
letters, Laval, to become visiting associate
professor of English at Toronto...Recently
sworn in as deputy city attorney in Los
Angeles, Lorna Gail Gordon, BEd'67, (LLB,
S. California), will tackle duties as a prosecutor in the criminal branch...Marilyn Edwards Leese, BEd'67, MA'69, who will be
conducting a seminar on early Buddhist art
and architecture this winter, has just returned from three years in India under the
auspices of the Smithsonian Institute and the
Canada Council, where she and her husband
gathered extensive archival material in the
cave temples of Western India... Alberta
Energy Co. has appointed Adrian A.Phillips,
LLB'67, as counsel and secretary.
Tuan T. Nguyen, BSc'70, has graduated with
a medical degree from the University of
Nebraska...Walter G. Rilkolf, (LLB, York),
BA'70, is articling with the Vancouver law
firm Russel, Dumoulin and Co. this fall...
The woman behind the set of Jack Winter's
Summer' 76, produced by Toronto Workshop
Productions, is designer Astrid Janson,
M A'72. She also designed sets for its productions of Ten Lost Years, From the Boyne to
Batoche, and You Can't Get There From
//ere... Having completed his post-graduate
training in New Zealand, Robert John Cal-
der, BSc'70, MD'73, has joined the staff of
Osoyoos Health Cantre... Victoria lawyer G.
Douglas Strongitharm, LLB'73,has been appointed executive assistant to B.C. opposition leader William Bennett.
B.C. Indians' spokesman Bill Wilson,
LLB'73, in rejecting any future federal funding, said that though the federal government
had spent $10 million on B.C. Indian affairs
the last 70 years, Indians have nevertheless
fallen behind the general economic level of
other Canadians...Ada Con, BA'72,
MLS'74, has recently joined the reference
staff at the Fraser Valley Regional Library
headquarters in Abbotsford... Whalley, too,
is hiring a new reference librarian, Paul Gut-
teridge, MLS'75, who will also be responsible for branches at Guildford, George
Mackie, Newton, White Rock and Ocean
Park... One of only nine Canadians to be
awarded a Canadian-People's Republic of
China exchange scholarship, Edward Lip-
man, BA'75, will study advanced Mandarin
for two years at the University of Peking.
Couttes-Hughes. Gary Couttes to Gai
Hughes, BRE'72, August 9, 1975 in
Vancouver...Hon-Leong. Dennis N. Hon,
BSc'72, to Verna G. Leong, August 2, 1975
in Vancouver...Nordman-Schierman. Brian
A. Nordman, BSF'71, to Lynn M. Schier-
man, BHE'72, April 12, 1975 in New
Westminster... Warnyca-Clark. Dymetry
Warnyca to Jennifer Johnston Clark,
BSN'69, July 12, 1975 in Vancouver.
Mr. and Mrs. Stephen M. Brown, BA'66, a
daughter, Megan Kathleen, April 11, 1975 in
Vancouver...Mr. and Mrs. John A. Ec-
kersley, BSc'65, LLB'70, (Debbie K.B.
Tjoei, BSc'73), a daughter, Rica May, June
8, 1975 in Vancouver...Mr. and Mrs. Robert
Felix, MA'62, (Judy Grossman, BA'62), a
son, Conan Peter, March 10, 1975 in Columbia, South Carolina...Mr. and Mrs. Roderick
D. Fitzpatrick, BA'74, (Constance P. Frank,
BMus'69, BLS'70), twin sons, Gary Alan
and Jeffrey Paul, March 27, 1975 in Vancouver...Mr. and Mrs. David Grahame,
BA'69, (Helen Muratoff, BA'68, BLS'69), a
son, Kenneth Andrew, July 17, 1975 in Vancouver... Mr. and Mrs. Barry G. McDell,
BA'65, MEd'73, (June P. Chappell,
BEd'69), a son, Malcolm James, February 8,
1975 in New Westminster...Mr. and Mrs.
Aaron Harvey Rosenthal, BA'71, a daughter,
Talia Ilanit, May 12, 1975 in North Vancouver... Mr. and Mrs. R. Bernie Treasurer,
BCom'58, a son, Cameron Roy, June 14,
1975 in Burnaby...Mr. and Mrs. David J. Ur-
quhart, BSc'67, (Nadine Parr, PhD'73), a
daughter, Taren Patrice, May 9, 1975 in
North Vancouver.
DUEATOS
Charles Burton Dunham, BASc'31, June,
1975. He was employed as a forest engineer
and logging manager with Bloedel, Stewart
and Welch Ltd. and MacMillan Bloedel Ltd.,
and as vice president, forest operations with
Canadian Cellulose Co. He was an honorary
life member of the Canadian Institute of
Forestry. He is survived by his wife, a
daughter, Allison M. Dunham Hobson,
BA'62, (MS, Illinois), and two sons,
Charles, BA'59, MA'63 and Gordon,
BSc'66.
Jeannine Amber Robson, BEd'71, May,
1975. She was a member of the sorority,
Kappa Alpha Theta. She is survived by her
parents.
Maria E. Steinhauser, MSW'73, June,
1975 in New Westminster. She was a social
worker at the B.C. Penitentiary and died
while being held hostage during an attempted
prison break. She is survived by her parents
and sister.
Gail Richardson Woike, BHE'64, July,
1975 in Duncan. She was a retired home
economics teacher in Duncan. She is survived by her husband and three sons. □
ALUMNI
CONCERTS
"A Showcase of Bright
Baubles" -
Vancouver Sun, 1973
A subscription series
of music recitals
by selected UBC
students is being
presented by the UBC
Alumni Association.
The four evening
concerts, Oct. 9,23,
Nov. 6,20, will feature a
variety of selections —
vocal and instrumental.
Subscription series
tickets of $6, for all fou r
concerts, assures a
reserved seat.
Call or write the Alumni
Office, 6251 N.W.
Marine Drive,
Vancouver V6T1A6
(228-3313) for tickets or
further information.
Early reservations are
advised.
All concerts will be held
in the Recital Hall,
Music Building at UBC.
Convenient parking
available.
37
 UEFTEK
An Honorary Member Replies
I was sorry that I was not able to say "thank
you" publicly to members of the UBC
Alumni Association attending the annual
dinner in May. May I,therefore,use some
space in the Chronicle to express my sincere
appreciation of the honor which the committee and executive of the association bestowed on me? It is indeed satisfying to know
that my work with geography and education
students over the many years is appreciated.
Although I am now an honorary life
member.I have always considered myself an
"honorary" member of the class of Arts '40.
I had the good fortune to attend UBC on an
exchange scholarship in my third year, in
1938-39, and spent one year with the class of
'40. Everyone — students, faculty, administration — was especially kind to the five exchange students that year and, therefore, I
had such pleasant memories of UBC as a
university that I had no hesitation at all in
accepting President MacKenzie's invitation
in 1946 to come here to develop geography
courses in the department of geology.
Students of that year may remember me
for two things: I was the UBC sprint champion that spring, but more likely they will remember the weekly column of humor.
"Poems and Stuff", that I wrote for the
Ubyssey — but my wit was always surpassed
by another columnist of that year, Jabez — to
be known later as Eric Nicol!
J. Lewis Robinson
Professor of Geography, UBC
A New Generation of Huts
As an expatriate and a rather infrequent visitor to the campus I have been pleased to see,
over the years, the progress that has been
made in removing the old huts from the university grounds. These old buildings though
serving an urgent need at the time were indeed a blot on the landscape and their gradual
elimination is, I am sure, a source of satisfaction to all concerned.
Now, if I read Clive Cocking correctly
(Chronicle., Summer '75), we are about to
have a new generation of pre-fabs unloaded
on the university with one of the major justifications being that it makes people feel
good to design and build their own accommodation. This of course is nothing new and
I suspect that primitive man felt that way
about his first cave, but he didn't squander a
half-million bucks on it and desecrate the
environment with pre-fab plywood panels. I
submit that the UBC campus is not the place
to indulge such primitive satisfactions and
suggest the proponents of this scheme be
encouraged to take their matchboxes
elsewhere to the accompaniment of loud
cries of "Better artsy-fartsy than happy-
crappy!"
It is possible of course that through some
singular bureaucratic foul-up the CMH Corporation may approve this project and then
there will be little any of us can do about it.
However, if this does come to pass I hope
they build these Fairview shacks MK3 as
close to the edge of the cliff as possible.
Then, as the effluent from their baths and
bidets supersaturates the soil the whole thing
will take off some rainy February night and
sink slowly, electric toilets and all, beneath
the waters of the bay. Come to think of it,
Dave Brock is probably the only one alive
who remembers the Great UBC Ravine of
the early 30s.
James A. Wallace BASc '41, MASc '42
Surrey, England
Sir Thomas Crapper
Would Be So Pleased
I recently read an article entitled "Changing
House from Noun to Verb", (Chronicle.
Summer'75), in which was mentioned the use
of a waterless toilet that uses electricity and
bacteria to decompose wastes. I would like
to obtain more information about this system
and would be grateful if you could suggest
where I should write for details.
J.D. Owens, Biological Sciences
University of Malaysia
The Chronicle, ever responsive to reader's
requests-and there have been several regarding this pollution solution-is happy to
oblige: For more information on the humus
toilet contact Humumat Ltd., 9403-120th
Street, Delta, Canada, V4C 2P3 -Ed. □
Deposits in multiples of $50.00
SPECIAL INCOME TAX FEATURES: Under present regulations, earnings in Futura
50 are not reportable for income tax until maturity. There is also another tax advantage
if you use Futura 50 for your children's education fund.
BENEFITS FROM COMPOUND INTEREST: Futura 50 is particularly designed for
regular deposits of smaller amounts over a longer term — after five years the compound interest feature becomes increasingly beneficial, e.g.
$1,000 Futura 50 compounding 81/2% interest annually —
Interest paid after 5 years     -     $503.00        Interest paid after 10 years   -   $1,261.00
or
$50.00 a month returns $75.00 a month in 5 years — $113.00 a month in 10 years
Futura 50 is ideal for supplementing pension plans, accumulating education funds, etc.
FOR MORE INFORMATION CALL 736-9166
ACCUMULATING
INCOME SAVINGS
EARN
8y2%
PER ANNUM
COMPOUNDED ANNUALLY
'III
VAIUiTH
VANCOUVER CITY SAVINGS CREDIT UNION
Offices in Vancouver, West Vancouver and North Burnaby
Hours of business 9 a.m. - 5 p.m. — Fri. 9 a.m. - 6 p.m. Sat. 9 a.m. ■ 1 p.m. Closed Monday
38
 For the autumn of a lifetime***
These pictures are just a sample of what is waiting for you in British Columbia.
1. Fort Steele, once a gold rush boom town, growing old gracefully in the East
Kootenays. 2. Downtown Vancouver as it looks from Kitsilano Beach (great fish
and chips at the beach). 3. A fast fleet of ferries links the British Columbia
mainland to Vancouver Island and the Gulf Islands. 4. One of the intriguing
shops to be found throughout the Province—browse for treasures till teatime.
For a lot more information write: British Columbia Department of Travel
Industry, 1019 Wharf Street, Victoria, British Columbia V8W 2Z2. Or call
your local travel agent.
there's no place like home*
 It's kind of nice to
stand out.
Which is what Carrington Canadian does. But for many
more good reasons than merely the look of the bottle.
Carrington is distilled in small batches, aged and
mellowed in seasoned oak casks; it's light in look and
smooth in taste. Carrington, it's special, and, in our
opinion, like no other whisky in the world.
A whisky of outstanding quality.
CARRINGTON CANADIAN WHISKY
 THE PASSING OF THE
CANADIAN PACIFIC BRITISH COLUMBIA COAST SERVICE
Probably all of us will agree that the crop that never fails,  if properly
cultivated,  is the Tourist, and I often wonder who deserves the most credit
for realising this as far as our Pacific Northwest isr concerned,   To my mind
it really commenced the day that the Canadian Pacific Railway Company
bought out the Canadian Pacific Navigation Company,, a small privately-owned
company in Victoria,  and started to encourage the tourist to visit us and to
give him something really worth while to come for.   First, they transferred
Captain Jo W. Troup, then manager of their inland water fleet, to Victoria as
General Manager of the newly formed B. C. Coast Service,  and gave him
more or less of a free hand in the building of ships best suited for the development of the vast areas of scenic beauty in the -waters of British Columbia.
Troup had a happy knack of being able to design just the right ship for each
particular run,  and ss time went on the tourist crop continued to grow and
were our best ambassadors in telling their friends and neighbors of the wonders
of the Pacific Northwest.
The first venture was the building of the "PRINCESS VICTORIA" for the
Seattle-Vancouver-Victoria run.   She was something new for this coast, and
the usual gang of "waterfront crepe hangers" were quick to declare that she
could never pay and promptly liamed her "Troup's Folly."   How wrong they
were!   The "OLD VIC" was a success from the start, and before long a trip
on her was a tourist "must."  She left Vancouver at midnight for Seattle direct.
arriving at 7:00 a.m.* left there at 8;GO a.m.,  arrived in Victoria at noon,
remained there for a couple of hours before sailing for Vancouver, where she
arrived m time to make connections with the transcontinental trains of. the
Canadian Pacific.   This schedule was maintained seven days a week,  and
during the summer season she was a sell-out every day.   She was a vessel
of some 2000 tons, had a license to carry 1000 passengers, and had 78 staterooms, beautifully fitted out.   As one went on board one found the same
excellent service and food for which the ships of the Canadian Pacific have
always been so famous -- and still are.
Traffic on this run became so heavy that it was necessary to build another
vessel as a companion of the "VICTORIA,." so the "PRINCESS CHARLOTTE"
joined the fieet0   Larger, she was a vessel of 3900 tons, was licensed to carry
1500 passengers and had 131 staterooms.   The "CHARLOTTE" took up the
opposite schedule, leaving Seattle each night for Vancouver direct, thence to
Victoria and Seattle.   It was not long before a decision was reached that if
tourists were to fee cultivated there must fee suitable housing.   As a result,
the Empress Hotel was built in Victoria, and what a toyrist mecca it proved
to be, and still is.
 As new runs were developed, suitable vessels were built to service them.
The Gulf islands, West Coast of Vancouver Island, Northern British Columbia
and the Alaska runs were all developed under the able management of Captain
Troup and the whole-hearted cooperation of headquarters in Montreal.   Later,
the Nanaimo service was developed.
I think that of all the services, the Northern British Columbia run was
the most scenic, especially in the'summertime when the canneries, mills and
logging camps were in full operation.    Known among the employees as the
"milk run, " due to the many ports of call between Vancouver and the head of
Portland Canal, the vessel sailed once a week.   The fare was most moderate
for the value received, scenically and otherwise, and during the season was a
sell-out for every sailing.   Lucky indeed was the tourist who decided upon a
vacation which included a week on the "milk run*" especially if the "PRINCESS
NORAH" was on the run.   As one sat out on deck in a comfortable deck chair
and watched the grandeur slip by, one realized the full truth of the words of
the eminent writer who said,  "Never lose an opportunity to se© anything beautiful.   Beauty is God"s writing,,"   I think he must have been on a trip north when
he wrote that.   No need to go into detail of all the vessels.   Suffice to say that
as the runs developed ships were built io adequately service them, ranging in
tonnage from the 2000-ton "PRINCESS VICTORIA "to the "PATRICIA" and
"PRINCESS MARGUERITE" of a little over 8000 tons.
Perhaps no greater tribute could be paid to the fleet than one recently
published in the Vancouver "Harbour and Shipping News. "    I quote;
Beautiful to watch as they glided gracefully through the Narrows
into the port of Vancouver, or into one of many British Columbia
coastal points, the twenty-nine "Princesses" over the years have
grown close to the hearts of the people.   No wonder that the
Canadian Pacific British Columbia Coastal Service is said to be
"the finest coastal fleet in the world."
What has happened to this tine fleet?   Well, I presume one of the changes
that affected the fleet most was the building of our super highways, and the
touristvs mad rush.   No longer does he come to see us in the old leisurely
fashion.   Nowadays the main desire seems to be "how many miles can I cover
during my v&cation."   Then, for short runs such as from Vancouver to Seattle,
Victoria or even Prince Rupert, people have taken to the air.
Dug to the high frequency of service provided by Canadian Pacific and the
Black Ball Ferry System on the Vancouver "Nanaimo route, and the high frequency of service provided hy Trans Canada Airlines between Vancouver and
Victoria, it became uneconomical for Canadian Pacific to continue year-round
direct boat service between Vancouver and Victoria;   patronage had fallen off
to the point where a direct Vancouver-Victoria service could be operated only
during the summer tourist season.
 3 -
As an extension to the Trans Canada Highway, the Provincial Government
constructed two ships to operate between Tsawwassen on the mainland and
Swartz Bay on Vancouver Island, offering two-hour service from each enda
Later the Provincial Government purchased the Black Ball Ferry System
operating from Departure Bay to Horseshoe Bay for the Nanaimo route, which
joined the central and northern sections of the Island, which gave access from
the mainland and via the Second Narrows Bridge in Vancouver to the Trans
Canada Highway.   With the Government operating eight round trips on the
Tsawwass en -Swartz Bay route and ten round trips on the Nanaimo route* it
was apparent that the mainland and Island traffic was being over-serviced,
making it necessary for Canadian Pacific to withdraw two of its Vancouver-
Nanaimo vessels.
All that is now left of this once magnificent fleet is the "PRINCESS OF
VANCOUVER, " still on the Nanaimo run.   She is an ail-purpose ship carrying
railway freight cars9 trucks, automobiles and passengers between the mainland
and Vancouver Island.
Then there is the "MARGUERITE" which holds down the summer run
between Seattle and Victoria, still a very popular trip, carrying capacity loads
most of the season.
The Alaska run is still a "tourist must, " especially for those from the East
Coast and the prairie country, so the company has re-converted the "PRINCESS
PATRICIA" into a luxury liner for that service.   She will be by far the finest
vessel running to Alaska* a floating palace, and will carry 350 passengers in
152 staterooms.
Bowing to the trend of the time®,, the Empress Hotel has takc-n one entire
wing of the building and turned it into a Motor Inn, providing fine accomodations
to those who prefer that type.
And so has come the end of. an era.
Archie W   Shi@ls
B«Uinghazn, Wash.
June 14,  1983

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