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The Chung Collection

Canadian Pacific Railway Coastal steamships general clippings Canadian Pacific Railway. British Columbia Coast Steamship Service 1964

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    ■Phu*  'f*o.
. ag.--_i St.
At. Agent 161 Dundao St.
, . F&ss. Dept.. . 605 South Spring St.
i.C----i', '..cueral Agent P.O. Box 7477
som, City Pass. Agent 68 "Wisconsin St.
v    .ait. Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept... .611 2d Ave. South
,. Amiot, Dist. Pass. Agent Windsor Station
C. Lydon, City Pass. Agent 141 St. James St.
C. Harris, Ticket Agent.. .Canadian Pacifl ".^a
S. Carter, Dist. Pass. Agent Baker i
R. Perry, Gen. Agent, Kail Traffic
—L. O. Ti District
—T. A. MC(j..., . ~n. Ag,
R. C. Clayton, City Pa
Z. L. Williairs, Gen. Ag;
W. H.Deau    , Gen. Agt.
)rt.^        -W. C. Orch   d, General
.    Cut:.—C. A. Langevin, City P
,.. Sask.—G. D. Brophy, Dist. P.
M     _
 .*       *       8 8    8    8    8    8 8 8 8 Jt
Ilipa.. .j$SS: ;3afti*
. S___L^__-_" *y    -5~~—   *~ ...
:-   .■■-,..X^
^cks at
Flatten       -practical — si
derizing- *hese   are   just   a
price?    re,
sembi;_   1
 Princess Kathleen
hich, with her sister ship,  Princess Marguerite
plies between Victoria and the Mainland
a t u r a~l
c o ii t a i ning
Indian relics
and map s,
charts and
logs of the
discove rers
of the Island
and the Paci-
*- c C o a s J—
charm so"ie,
while oth r s
r e m e n. \.
rhieflv  B e a-
' "v» ifnisQSl_BBaP
laska,  this
ther  vict ..
e little m-..'
ierafes   f-■'
tec     e   ...-)
1. ;   .:
i     Harbor,    Western
k came word of an-
_r  the  elements  by
•"ship Starr, which
J   *o
for the cai-ii__.. ye
does not equal the tr
the calendar year 192
year  1924.
A    summary    of    the    ^
traffic  through  the  cana'
calendar    year    1924,
^er  caler
o  !.
nis pow._   ..esten
through   which   the 11915**
  THE British cruiser "Vindictive" played an important role in the raid on Zeebrugge and later in
the second raid on Ostend. In the latter engagement
she was loaded with cement and sunk in the roadway ?
of the harbor, completely blocking it to the passage f
j of U-boats. The photo shows the fore funnel of the
vessel after the first engagement. •
Photo Central Newj
SCENE showing the sinking of a U-boat; the destroyer sighted the Hun and steamed at full
speed to the spot. The U-boat submerged and the
destroyer, passing over the spot, (propped a depth
charge. A cloud of smoke, a huge column of water
and floating patches of oil marked the grave of
another pirate. ' © international Film Svc.
SS. SEATTLE, leaving the ways at the
• Skinner & Eddy yard, first war contract
ship launched in the United States and starting the Pacific Coast in the building race.
Sketch Sail and Body Plan of the Star Class Sloops
rrincess Norah
Aground On Rock
Close To Victoria
Passengers Shifted
By   Lifeboat   to
Relief Craft
(By Canadian Press.)
VICTORIA, April 21. —
[Efforts are being made today
to refloat the coastal steamer
Princess Norah,' which ran
[aground yesterday on Little
Zero rock, off Cordova Bay,
while on the Gulf Island run.
Eighteen passengers were
transferred by lifeboat to the
SS. Princess Alice, which was
despatched to the Norah's aid
from Victoria. They continued their trip.
The Norah, relieving th
steamer Princess Mary, stranded
shortly after noon on her way to
James Island.
She was being lightened today
but remains hard and fas
aground. Extent of damage to
her bottom is not known.
The Princess Alice arrived a*
Vancouver at» 11 p.m. Tuesday.
The seasonal tripping through
the Gulf Islands has not yet developed, and there was a very
light passenger list on board the
James'' Island lies about 18
miles from Victoria, on the run
to Vancouver through the Gulf
Zero Rock is one of the submerged rocks that lie close to
the steamer channel, and is only
a few miles out of Victoria.
•   •   •   •
Wart Set This Easter
ij     ASpo
Step out Easter Sunday i
sporty tailored 2-piece suit
Mannish chalk striped mat^
. . . light in weight. A
vellous suit for Spring
Summer. Sizes 14 to
From the Main Ffoor Sfj
 $DAY,   MAY   21,    1941
iwmill Swingover May Pro
The Motor Princess to open another season.
Sidney Ferry to Resume
Announcement Is made by Captain O. J. Williams, marine superintendent British Columbia
Coast Steamship Service, that
the motor passenger and automobile ferry will resume service
for the season on May 23.
The vessel will be operated as
Fishing Gossip
From Coast
As usual there Is In the current Issue of "The Fishermen"
an Interesting and wide range
ol fishermen's gossip.
Queen Charlottes report spring
salmon practically finished, and
the trailers are not planning to
leave for the fishing grounds
until after June 15. Indians are
handling halibut off Skidegate
and doing fairly well.
Port Neville reports that Gus
Ericson is completing a new boat
at his Hardwick Island residence.
On Rivers Inlet there are a
few herring in evidence. The
spring salmon run has been
light, but a heavier volume Is
expected this week.
Cascade Harbor reports that
big tides and high winds have
held up operations. Large schools
of bluebacks were reported
around Pine Island and Bates
A big school of herring came
in but departed again, pursued
f utilely by seiners. There is good
spring salmon fishing near
Danger Shoal. A scout boat from
Moody Bank reported finding
one fish there.
Bad weather has tied up the
trailers centering at Quatsino;
bluebacks are showing up on
the Yuclataws, and a few herring
that had been hovering around
there have gone.
Porlier Pass fishermen report
results in the dogfish business.
Pender Harbor announced the
arrival of a fisherman without
trousers. A set-screw on the
engine caught this garment as
he passed the whirling machinery
and destroyed it.
exports doubled
OTTAWA, May 21.— (CP)—
Canada's domestic exports, with
the exception of gold, increased
to $118,933,000 during April from
$85,565,000 in the same month
last year, the Dominion bureau
of statistics reported today. The
total for the first four months
of 1941 advanced to $405,369,000
from $327,463,000 in the same
period of 1940.
Exports to the United Kingdom during April totalled $55,-
017,000 compared with $37,499,-
000 in April, 1940, bringing the
total value of exports to the
United Kingdom during the first
four months of the year to $182,-
029,000. During he same period
last year the value of exports to
the United Kingdom was $147,-
April exports to the United
States were valued at $42,401,-
000 compared with $29,733,000 in
April last year, while the total for
the four months was $148,948,000
compared with $109,023,000.
Values of leading commodities
exported in April follow with
1940 figures In brackets: wheat
$17,393,000 ($4,771,000); wheat
flour $3,047,000 ($2,167,000); fish-
ery products $2,507,000 ($2,072,-
000); planks and boards $4,465,,
000 ($3,862,000); wood pulp $6,-
820,000 ($4,353,000); newsprint
papers $13,019,000 ($12,318,000).
Coastwise Shipping
Canadian Pacific.
9:00 a.m.—For Gulf Islands.
10:30 a.m.—For  Victoria,  Seattlo.
11:00 a.m., 6:15 p.m.—For Nanaimo.
11:00 p.m.—For Seattle.
11:45 p.m.—For Powell, Comox.
Midnight—For Victoria.
7:00 a.m.—From Victoria.
8:00 a.m.—^From Seattle.
6:40 p.m.—From  Victoria, Seattle.
8:00 p.m.—From Gulf Islands.
Union Pier (U.8.8. Ltd.)
9:00 a.m.—For Bowen, Squamlsh.
9:00 a.m.—For West Howe Sound.
9:30 a.m.—For Sechelt, Powell.
Noon—For Squamlsh.
6:00 D.m.—For Menzies. Ktneeome.
0:00 p.m.   (from  Pier H—For Queen
i Sound.
usual on the Steveston-Sydney
run, sailing from Steveston on
week days at 12:15 p.m., arriving
Sydney 3:15 p.m., leaving Sydney
3:45 p.m. and arriving Steveston
6:45 p.m.
On Sundays she will sail from
the river port at 12:15 p.m. arriving Sydney 3:15, sailing
thence via Port Washington,
Ganges, Mayne Island, Galiano
for Vancouver, berthing Pier B-
C at 9:30 p.m.
On June 20 the schedule will be
altered to accommodate the
heavier midsummer traffic.
H. R. MacMillan, president of
Canada's Wartime Merchant
Shipping Ltd., will address the
Vancouver Board of Trade at
a luncheon meeting In Hotel Vancouver ballroom on Friday, May
30, it was announced this morning by Executive Secretary W. E.
Mr. MacMillan has not chosen
the subject of his address so far,
but the intention is to couple
the theme with the Victory War
Loan, to be launched throughout
Canada early in June. Leaders
in the loan drive will attend the
Now on a brief visit to the
Pacific coast, Mr. MacMillan now
makes his wartime headquarters
at Montreal, where he directs the
nation's steel cargo shipbuilding
program. Before his appointment to the government-spon'
sored shipping corporation he
was timber controller and chairman of the requirement board
under the department of munitions and supply.
Today's Wireless
Langara—Unlimited, scattered at
-SO. 30, N. 6, 45. 30.55. light swell.
Prince Rupert—Unlimited, scattered at 40, 30, 42. calm. 80.56,
Bull Harbor—Unlimited, scattered at 20, 25, 49. NW. 5, 30.49, moderate  swell.
Alert Bay—40, overcast, 20, 47,
SW. 2.  30.46,   smooth.
Point Atkinson—Clear, vis. 6, N.W.
2,   58,   30.40,   light   westerly   swell.
Estevan—Clear, gentle, NW. 52,
30.42, light chop.
Pachena Point—Clear, calm. 80,
3042,  light  swell.
Swiftsure—Clear, NE. 1. 58, 80.42,
smooth  sea,  long west swell.
Merry Island—Clear, 80, 54, NW.
15.  30.45,   chopDV.
Dead Tree—Scattered at 40, 80,
49, NW   15, 30.58. llsht  chop.
Cape Lazo—Unlimited, clear 25, 54,
NW.   10.  30.42,   moderate  NW.   chop.
Seattle—Sailed: May 21, pat Do-
heny. Los Angeles. Anlved: May 20,
North Coast, Alaska; Katrina Luck-
enbach, Sound port.; Baranof,
Alaska; Pat Doheny, Los Angeles.
Sailed: 20, Yukon, Alaska; Derbly,
Eering Sea.
Taeoma—Sailed: May 20, La Pur-
lsima,   Los   Angeles;   Cape  Flattery,
Port Angeles — Sailed: May 20,
Henry D. Whiton, BelHngham.
Raymond—Arrived: May 20, Charles
Chrlstenson, Los Angeles.
Port Townsend—In: May 20, Baranof, Seattle; Belana, Seattle; Pat
Doheny, Seattle. Out: May 20, Der-
blay, Alaska.
Astoria—Arrived: May 2, Alaska,
Seattle; Coast Shipper, Los Angeles.
Sailed: 20, Lewis Luckenbach, Boston; Charles Chrlstenson, Raymond;
Mannakea, Hawaiian Islands; Wm. L.
Thompson, New York; 21, Stanwood,
San Francisco.
San Francisco—Arrived: May 21,
Mormac Star, Buenos Aires; Coast
Banker, Portland, Ore. Sailed: 21, J. A.
Moffett, Seward; 20, Kentucklan,
Boston; Florldian, Portland, Ore. Arrived: 20, Coast Trader, Portland;
West Madaket, Baltimore. Sailed: 20,
Edward Luckenbach, Seattle. Arrived:
Emidio. Seattle.
San Pedro—Arrived: May 20, Lebec,
Seattle; Pomona, Norfolk; California,
New York. Sailed: 20, Mormac Star,
San Francisco; West Coast, Seattle;
Fluor Spar, Mobile; Coast Farmer,
Portland, Ore. Arrived: 20, L. P. St.
Clair, Boston; Solana, Ventura; Paul
Luckenbach. Boston. Sailed: 19,
Flomar, Baltimore; Portmar, Seattle.
Philadelphia—Sailed: May 20, Kan-
san, Portland.
Mission Gauge
Dominion water and power
bureau reports Mission reading:
May 18    11.18
May 19     9.6
May 20     9.18
May 21        8.95
(   PILLS ^
see if you can paste them to-
Greedy Eaters
oles have black fur; others are
rey, greyish-blue or brown. The
irs can be sold, but many of
tem are needed to make a gar-
ent. Sometimes they are em-
oyed as a fur trimming on a
>at. In one year, more than
400,000 moleskins were sold In
ondon, England.
Moles may be found on the
round surface now and then,
it they spend almost all their
me underground. Wherever
iey are, they like to eat. Their
iod is made up mainly of earth-
orms, grubworms and insects
iund in the soil.
Few animals, if any, are more
^edy than a mole. It will eat
ore than its own weight in a
ngle day. If a 150-pound man
e 175 pounds of food in a day,
would be eating like a mole.
A search for food is the main
meet of moles when they dig
(ng tunnels. They make tunnels
br their nests, but those are not
) such length as the ones they
t while looking for something
The front paws of a mole are
lilt for fast digging. In a stretch
25 hours, one mole dug a
nnel 68 feet long, and side
nnels with a length of 36 feet,
aking a total of 104 feet. That
ise was checked with special
ire by a scientist, Dr. W. T.
Gardeners often make war on
oles. The animals do not feast
l plants, but sometimes they cut
trough roots while looking for
orms. They are a help to the
irdener when they destroy cer-
in kinds of grubworms.
An Accident
oy sometimes sat. He would
limb up to where Farmer
irown's Boy's coat hung and ex-
lore the pockets of it. Once he
tole Farmer Brown's Boy's
andkerchief. He wanted to add to
lie material his nest was made
f. Farmer Brown's Boy discov-
red it just at it was disappear-
g, and how he laughed as he
ulled it away.
So, what with eating and sleep-
g and playing about, secure in
e feeling that no harm could
ome to him, Whitefoot was
}appier than ever before in his
ittle life. He knew that Farmer
frown's Boy and Farmer Brown
|nd Bowser the Hound were his
riends. He knew, too, that as
>ng as they were about none of
is enemies would dare come
lear. This being so, of course,
here was nothing to be afraid of.
Jo harm could possibly come to
dm. At least that is what White-
loot thought.
But you know enemies are not
e only dangers to watch out
pr; accidents will happen. When
rtey do happen it is very likely
j> be when the possibility of
hem is farthest from your
[toughts. Almost always they
re due to heedlessness or care-
?ssness. It was heedlessness
.at got Whitefoot into one of
"■e worst mishaps of his whole
Whitefoot had been running
nd jumping all around the in-
de of the little sugar house. He
Wes to run and jump, and he
ad been having just the best
me ever.   Finally Whitefoot ran
ong the old bench and jumped
•om the end of it for a box
anding on end on which Farmer
rown's Boy sometimes sat. It
asn't a very long jump, but
miehow Whitefoot misjudged it.
Je was heedless and he didn't
(imp quite far enough. Right
)side the box was a tin pail, half
lied with sap. Instead of land-
lg on the box, Whitefoot landed
'ith a splash in that Pail of sap!
Tillicum Column
On.   CluT> Badge
Many Members
Use Own Ideas
For War Funds
Tillicums active for war work
have been Eleanor Steele, Billie
Steele, Alison Collin, Judy Collin,
Merna Collin, Carole Bird, Joy
Jackson, Donald Redmond, Betty
Barside, Doreen Barside, Faye
Barside, Sylvia
and June Mo-
cher; Lila
These boys
and girls presented a concert in St. Margaret's Church
at Kings way
and Twenty-
second Friday
night. They
earned   $14.50,
the money to go to the Lord
Mayor's Fund and to the Little
Helpers' Group jointly. This versatile group has given several
concerts during the year for war
work. Mrs. Mickiddon, a visitor
from the States, donated a sum
of money to the fund.
Two Junior Red Cross members
with ideas are Margaret Bell and
Lola Gunn, both of Simon Fraser
School. They demonstrated how
to make cords for blinds at the
Easter convention of the B. C.
teachers and received several
orders, one from Miss J. McLen-
eghan, provincial director of
home economics. The girls also
helped to look after the Junior
Red Cross display at the convention.
The following Tillicums made
wool flowers and sold them to
the people in their neighborhood
for five cents each: Noreen
Donaghy, Diane Bancroft, Vera
Pye, Marie Pye, Mavis Donaghy,
Virginia McDonald. They earned
Wilma Pollock of 1775 West
Twelfth avenue, sends 51 cents to
Totem Pole headquarters to be
forwarded to the Red Cross. The
girls in Wilma's club who earned
the money call themselves the
Polfleto Sisters. They are Wilma, Helen and Nancy Trotter,
Jeany McTavish, Elizabeth Fletcher, Daphne Woodburn.
Daisy Britton, 1036 Bute street,
and Virginia Bushland, held a
home-made fudge sale and earned
$2.33, which they have forwarded
to Tillicum headquarters for the
Red Cross.
An imposing list indeed, and I
am very proud of all our Tillicum
members, and so Is Miss Marguerite Manson, who says thank-
you for Junior Red Cross headquarters.
I have an idea our Spirit of the
Knighthood of the Air is going to
notice this column today and
acknowledge the work of some
of the members on a Monday
night Tillicum radio program—
with War Savings stamp gifts—
just in case—it's CJOR, 5:30,
Birthday Greetings
May 21.
Rae Akenhead
Jean Archibald
Shirley Ayling
Frances Balfe
Howard  Barton
Rena Bolin
Raymond Brad-
Ralph Brine
Evelyn Britton
Eileen Broughton
Allan Brown
Clifford Cowley
James Cowley
Dave Cumming
Maureen Davey,
London, Eng.
Lucy Davies
Marion Davies
Frederick Denyer
Kathleen  Dignan
Kenneth Downs
Molly Dudoward
Lorraine Dunham,
Rochester, N.Y.
Claire Englefield
June Garland
Alexander Gillon
John Gittins
Orval Gittins
Velma Greyell
Harold Gwyther
Joyce Hadden
Joan Hamilton
Frederick Harris
Leon Harris
Norma Hebert,
Oshawa, Ont.
Flavia Hicks
Matthew Hill
Gladys Hockley
Joan Housden
Mary Housden
Mae Jones
Robert Kennedy
Agnes Kroker
Mildred Larkin
Alan Leard
Kenneth McCor-
Ronald Mac-
Dennis McKim
Clyde Maclean
Douglas May
May Middleton
Parker Mills
David Morgan
Jack Mullen
Ruby Myers-
Scoble West,
Roddle Nelson
Doris Peterson
Jean Pitney
Joyce Poole,
London, England
Phyllis Prime
Dorothy Proudler,
Caroline,   Alta.
William Pyatt
Robert Quartson,
C. C. G. C. W. P.
Robert Richardson
Margaret Rogers
Gordon Ross
Allen Rowlands
Dick Sai-Chew
Gerald Shelley
Philip Shier
William Smedman
Freddy Smith
Georgina Smith
Garth Sparrow
Arthur Talbot
Eveline Thompson
Kenneth Tortoys
Connie Water-
Robert Wilson
Jimetta Wright
Fredrick Young
Sophie Zarnowskl
Pet for You.
Friendly kitten is looking for a
good home. Call Bayview 9474Y.
* *    *
Friendly dog is looking for a
good home. Call Dexter 1011M.
* *    *
Well-behaved dog is looking for
good home. Call Highland 2704R.
* *    *
Pretty cat is looking for good
home. Call Highland 3421R.
Initial Musical Instrument.
(4-Letter Words)
An animal.
A girl's name.
A flower,
A color.
(Answer upside down.)
X u 1 d
e s o y
a u u v
 » J » H
 Coastwise Shipping
9:00 a.m.—Lady  Cynthia —  Bowen
Island,.Woodfibre, Britan-/
nia, Squamish.
10:30 a.m.—Princess Marguerite—Vic-!
toria, Seattle. i
11:00 a.m.—Princess Elaine — Na-     j
nalmo. l
6:00 p.m.—Princess Elaine — Nanaimo.
8:00 p.m.—Princess Norah — Prince!
Rupert. J
11:00 a.m.~-Princess Kathleen—Seattle, Victoria. I
Midnight—Princess Elizabeth — Vlc>
7:00 a.m.—Princess Elizabeth—Victoria.
8:00 a.m.—Princess Marguerite — Seattle, Victoria.
10:00 a.m.—Princess Elaine — Nanaimo.
11:00 a.m.—Lady Rose—W. Howe Sd.;
5:00 p.m.—Princess Elaine — Na-     I
5:00 p.m.—Chelohsln—Loughborough
Inlet. ■
6:35 p.m.—Princess Kathleen—Victoria, Seattle.
7:00 p.m.—Princess Cynthia — Squamlsh (P.G.E.)
7:30 p.m.—Lady Cecilia—Cortez,
Ocf.   >7,   f?39\
 —smart silk~crepe and chiffo*/
hose, full-fashioned quality ..
shown in dark shades only
Broken sizes. Slightly irregu
lar. Regular value 79c. Aft*,
Special, per pair _ctf 1,
able hose made with stretch'
easy welt. New fall shades ir
sizes 8% to 10^. Slightly «%S~
irregular. Per pair  S>*»\.
sox shown in- red, navy," white
and fawn. Broken sizes.
Per pair	
GOLF SOX — Three-quarter
length sox made with turned
down cuff of contrasting color.
Grey, blue, brown are the colors shown. Sizes 7 to 10. OfiJ-j
First quality. Per pair... t»«M*
S pair for  81.00
*Mvmt$ the I
VICTORIA, Oct. 19.—(CP)—H. G.
Mantle of 1190 West Thirteenth
avenue* Vancouver, was reported
missing from the C. P. R. steamer
Princess Elizabeth when she docked
here Sunday morning on the night
run from Vancouver.
Provincial Police have found no
trace of the missing man who was
last seen aboard the ship at 1.55
a.m. Sunday. He is believed to have
fallen overboard.
Investigation disclosed that Mr.
Mantle had been a patient in a Vancouver nursing home. He was
aged about 30.
His mother is the wife of Judge
Smythe, Swift Current, and one
married sister also resides in Saskatchewan. Another sister, Mrs.
G. H. Peers, lives at 3757 West
Thirty-fifth avenue.
!%__>    I
 3E,    TUESDAY,   MAY   15,   1945
-Photo by Claude Hoodspith
xlian Lines
also proposed that the
defined as a "principal
: the proposed world
ion, and this was gen-
reed on in committee,
second place only to
ity Council,
if the social and eco-
uncil under the Cana-
ndments are to attain
andards of living and
social status for all
:gardless of their race,
religion or sex, and
to work toward avoid-
.conomic developments
d to war.
rk of the conference in
vas accelerated yester-
ough many delegation
including Prime Min-
g, have left for home.
WOUNDED—Pte. John Perci-
val Swanson, 24, son of Mr.
and Mrs. William Swanson of
Matsqui, was wounded April
12,   in   action  with  the   Sea-
fnrtHs in TTnllanr.   TTp received
12,770,000 HUN
(By A
LONDON, May 15.—Tj
12,770,000 enemy troops ii
eastern front, according to
More than 1,230,000 N
Germany's   unconditional
Bureau said.   The figure ir
Yesterday's roundup o
000 the total killed or cap
its spring offensive Janua
roops in h
By Lack of
"They've let us down, ba
During  the  dark  days t
the Canadian Army was bat
its bloody way up towards
land's Scheldte Estuary, Maj
toto-T     noTTm.r      •pynrrr'pqqivt-    Cn:
f DAILY to
9:1 5 a.m.
11:00 a.m.
3:15 p.m.
6:15 p.m.
11:59 p.m.
l       Arrive
1:30 pm.
6:00 P.m.
8:30 p.m.
-\ Connecting Bus TO VICTORIA ah \-
2:00 pm.
6:15 p.m.
9:00 pm.
1:45 p.m.
4:05 p.m.
9:00 p.m.
11:30 pm.
Fast, frequent service to Victoria, direct
steamer and combination steamer and
bus vhi Nanaimo.
 THE VANCOUVER SUN:'Tae_.. D*0 99. 1953     •**«
Remembrance Day
BelHngham  $2.00
Seattle   S4.00
(Canadian Funds Accepted)
Tickets on sale Nov. 10, 11
12: final return limit Nov. 13.
Trains leave Vancouver 8
a.m. and 5:15 p.m.
Low fares also in effect between all Great Northern
Railway Points in British
City Ticket Office,
683  Granville St.
SEy. 3386, or
Passenger   Station,
SEy.  7033.
'      Coastwise Shipping
10:30 a.m.—Princess Marguerite—Victoria, Seattle.
11:00 a.m.—Princess Elaine—Nanaimo.
8:45 p.m.—Princess Elaine—Nanaimo.
7:00 p.m Capilano—Squamlsh.
Midnight.—Princess  Elizabeth —Victoria.
7:00 a.m.—Princess     Elizabeth—Victoria.
8:00 a.m.—Princess    Marguerite—Seattle, Victoria.
9:00 a.m.—Princess Louise—Skag-
11:00 p.m.—Princess  Kathleen —  Seattle, Victoria.
Midnight—Princess Joan—Victoria.
11:30 a.m Capilano—Squamlsh.
' p.m.—Venture—Menzies Bay.
6:30 p.m.—Lady    Rose—West   Howe
Sound and  Bowen.
6:35 p.m.—Princess    Kathleen *- Victoria, Seattle.
7:30 p.m.—Lady Cecilia—Powell
River, Cortez.
8:15 p.m.—Princess Elaine—Nanaimo.
9:00 a.m.—Lady   Cynthia—Squamlsh.
9:0ffa.m.—princess   Mary—Gulf   Islands and Victoria.
10:30 a.m Princess  Marguerite—Victoria, Seattle.
11:00 a.m.—Princess Elaine—Nanaimo.
Noon—Lady Rose—Squamlsh
(P.G.E. connections).
5:00 p.m Capilano—Squamlsh.
6:00 p.m Princess Elaine—Nanaimo.
6:00 p.m.—Venture   —Loughborough,
11:00 p.m.—Princess Kathleen  —  Seattle and Victoria.
Midnight—Princess   Joan—Victoria.
6:30 a.m.—Princess Mary — Powell
7:00 a.m.—Princess  Joan—Victoria.
7:30 a.m.—Princess Louise—Prince
8:00 a.m.—Princess    Marguerite—Seattle and Victoria.
8:00 a.m.—Princess  Mary  — Powell
10:00 a.m.—Princess Elaine—Nanaimo.
— a.m.—Cardena—Skeena.
11:00 a.m.—Capilano—Squamlsh.
5:00 p.m.—Princess Elaine—Nanaimo.
6:00 p.m Lady   Cynthia—Squamlsh.
6:35 p.m.—Princess Kathleen — Seattle and Victoria.
11:30 p.m Capilano—Squamlsh.
Friday, Nov. 17
and Return
-$ 4.45
- 7.90
_ 9.50
_ 11.75
. 12.50
_ 8.60
_ 9.40
.     7.25
Spence's Bridge	
Kamloops „
Salmon Arm	
Revelstoke     _...._
Kelowna   ________
Penticton _______
Correspondingly Low Fares to
Other Points.
Good in day coaches only.
/Vo baggage checked.
Tickets good  on  trains tearing  Vancouver at  10.00 a.m.,  7.15  p.m. and
7.45 p.m., Friday, Nor. 17.
Return' limit to leave destination not
later than MONDAY, NOV. 20, 1939.
See your ticket agent or xcrite G. Bruce
Burpee,    G.P.A..    C.P.R.,    Vancouver.
| D A Y..
I Week-End Fares
Good going: all sailings from'
Friday, November 10, until
10:30 a.m., Sunday, Nov. 12.
Returning, good to leave Victoria not later than midnight,
Monday, November 13.
Children Half Fare
To Nanaimo
Good going all sailing, from
Friday, November 10, until 11
a.m., Sunday, November 12.
Returning, good to leave
Nanaimo not later than 2:30
p.m. Monday, November 13.
Children Half Fare
Good going to Gailano, Ganges'
Harbor, Mayne Is., Port Wash-'
ington on Saturday, November
11, and Monday, November 13.
Returning, good to leave Gulf
Island ports not later than
p.m. Tuesday, November 14.
Chil4ren Half Fare
Good going Thursday, Novem«-
ber 9, and Saturday, November
Returning, good to leave Powell
River not later than 11:15 p.m.,
Sunday, November 12.
Children Half Fare
To Seattle
Good going all sailings Friday, j
November 10, until  10:30 a.nw -
Monday,   November  13.
Returning, good to leave Seat-   f
tie  not  later  than   11:15  p.m.
Monday,  November  13.
(Without  -
Return  $5.35 v_Xi_7 .
Fare (With
$6.25 -0I
1 Victoria)
pMdiutH 9a4^C
oy. At. j
 By  the  piece.
Day a Fish Day"
Fresh Salmon Steaks—
Australian Rabbits—
Daisy   Loaf — Bakes    deliciq
Steak and Kidney Pies-    | ^    .        sandwiches.
Home-made.     4 for  ..    " r   (       Lb	
Pure Vegetable Shortening—Sweet and wholesome flavor.
For all cooking and baking purposes. Bulk, lb	
Primrose Loaf Cheese—
_!-b.   pkg.    Each   	
We Reserve the Right to Limit Quantities.
Visit Economy Row For Spencer Values
Grapenuts Flakes— Q1 j
Pkt.   .        » 2 P
Rolled Oats—Ogilvie Heather
28-oz. IAIj
pkt 'vJ^0
Corned  Beef— | OJj
Per   can        I__2$6
Brite-White Suds—The new
soap   powder. | C_1j
32-oz. pkt   ■ ■? 2 f
Kippered Snacks— ••____!__<[
Per tin  "2?
Jam—Spencer's Pure
Strawberry. 4-lb. tin
Lima Beans—Per lb 93
Grapefruit Juice—
13%-oz.   tin   ....
Tapioca—Per lb 63
Pure Spices—Spencer's.
Per tin      7^
Laundry  Soap—Per  bar..   2.«i
Green   Beans—Spencer's.
20-oz.  tin    10J*.
Fluid Beef—Johnson's.
16-oz.   bottle   ......
Pork  and  Beans—Catelli's.
Tall tin     6 _ _.
Tea—Spencer's Orange Pekoe.
Per lb   49«J
Tea—Lipton's Red CO.*
Label.     Per  lb Jyy
Orange label—Per lb. 63 £
Yellow Label—Per lb. 73<J
Prunes—Santa Clara, large size.
Per lb  9,*
Soup—Spencer's yt 1  j
Vegetable.     Per  tin©2p
Pineapple—Birk's    Sliced    or
Cubes— -I | 1 j
Per   tin      ' ■ 2>
Peas—Spencer's  sieve  5.
Per tin      lOJri]
Sockeye Salmon—Gold Seal.
Halves    173
Malt Extract—Spencer's.
2%-lb.  tin       98*.
Pears in Syrup—16-oz. tin lOicS'
49-lb.  sack   ...
Coffee—British   Prize.
Per  lb    35.
Sunkist Oranges-
size. 2 doz. ....
Per doz	
Texas   Grapefruit—
5 for
Fruit and Vegetable Juices
are in popular demand. We
carry a complete stock:
Pineapple, Apricot, Orange,
Grape, Blackberry, Grapefruit
and Orange, Grapefruit,
Prune, Lemon, Sour Cherry,
Youngberry, Tomato, Celery,
Spinach,   Carrot,   Beet.
■Family  JC(I
We Reserve the Right to  Limii
"Taste the Difference"
Fresh    Spinach— 1 f\ j
4   lbs.    IU0
Hard   Cabbages—
10   lbs	
10  lbs	
Pineapple Genoa Fruit Cakes
-Over 4%  lbs.
No. 1 Local Potatoes—
Staymen Winesap     <£ |    | f\
Apples—40-lb. box «p I • I U
Order now to ensure
Christmas   Delivery.
Large Cinnamon Buns—.
Per doz	
Raisin Cup  Cakes—
Per doz	
Cake Doughnuts—
Per   doz	
Raspberry Jam Rolls-
Date   and Walnut   Cakes
Oatmeal Cookies—
3 doz	
Assorted  Fruit  Pies—
Per lb	
Puffed  Wheat—Spencer's.
Large pkt    7 2 «*
Extra Rich Milk Bread—33
varieties: white, wholeweat
or sliced. Made with all
milk.    Per 16-oz. ytj,
loaf     00
"Always, the Best At Spencers'
"Mways ike Bei
 Two Pacific Liners Launched
—Southam-Tcrpical Press Photos. Copyright.
A BOVE is a picture of the launching of the new twin-screw oil-burning
-"- steamship Princess Elizabeth, 5000 tons gross, built by the Fairfield
Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. Ltd., for the British Columbia coastal service of the Canadian Pacific. She was launched by Mrs. R. B: S. Reford,
daughter of Mr. W. C. Mclnnes, vice-president of the.CP.R. The Princess
Elizabeth will be one of the finest steamships of her class, having sleeping
accommodation for 43 passengers, day accommodation for 1500 passengers,
and a speed of 16% knots. Her engine will be quadrupel expansion with a
working pressure of 250 pounds. The vessel will have three funnels, five
decKs.and a length (overall) of 365 feet.
Below, Miss Ishbel MacDonald is launching the Prince Henry, a twin-
screw steamer for the Canadian National Steamships at Cammell Lairds
Yard, Birkenhead. Photo shows Miss Ishbel. MacDonald with Mr.. S Job",
son, general manager of Cammell Laird„_nr'-or ^ "-- ■■" 	
 ears, before entering the School of
'ractical Science, Toronto, from which
_e was graduated in 1903.
After serving for a few months with
be Canadian Pacific Railway in the
>ffice of the divisional engineer at To-
onto, he joined the topographical survey branch, federal interior depart-
Wtment, Ottawa. After obtaining his
commission as a Dominion land surveyor he remained with the Ottawa
department until 1911 when he assorted himself with the British Columbia department of lands, Victoria, as
phief draughtsman of the survey
oranch. When G. H. Dawson retired
in 1916 from the office of surveyor-
general of the province, Mr. Umbach
Succeeded him.
During his regime Mr. Umbach introduced a comprehensive scheme ol
triangulation control surveys which,
if completed, will eventually put the
entire surveying of the province on a
dew and satisfactory basis. He developed systematic topographical survey of the older sections of the prov-
nce by the photo-topographical
method and, as a result, the maps pro-
iuced by the geographical section un-
3 er his supervision have shown great
improvement and are now commended
oy the best authorities.
Besides his wife, the deceased is survived by one daughter, Millicent. He
resided at 143 Wellington avenue, Vlc-
Funeral arrangements have not yet
been announced.
"ttuugiit, ay puiiw. -niicgcu oj...
Scene of European Ice
Championship Changed
BERLIN, Feb. 3.—(AP)—Because of
unfavorable ice conditions at Chamo-
nix, it has been decided to hold the
contest for the final of the European
ice hockey and championship between
Germany and Switzerland at the sport
J palace here next Sunday. The winner will meet the Canadian team the
following Monday for the world's championship.
Train Hits Track; Two Dead.
COLBY, Kan., Feb. 3.—Two men were
silled when a passenger train struck a
arge truck loaded with cattle at a
rrade    crossing     two     miles    east   of
pie are actually familiar
:s they do not know. They
h lack of a reliable refer-
wcess in 1930
ledge "
iMITH, M_..; J. M. PARRISH, B.A.
-A.; LL.D., D.Litt, Edinburgh Unlit, M.A., University of Liverpool;
5c,    A.I.E.E.,    Glasgow   University;
F.R.Q.S., Joint Author of
Export Definitions.
"Even Shakespeare only
used about one-tenth of this
Article., Facts and Data
English Literatnre
Speaking  and  Writing
.   Correct SBnglish
Aviation, Radio, Etc
Famous Men and Women
of the World.
Notable Proper Name*—
Greek A Latin Proper
Names — Foreign Words
and Phrases Translated
into English! Etc.
Svnonvms & Antonyms
Gangland Takes Its
Daily Grist of
CHICAGO, Feb. 3.—(AP)—A large
curtained automobile, moving
slowly along Broadway, in the
heart of the uptown district on Sunday, came to an abrupt stop at the
street's intersection and Leland avenue,
jamming early morning traffic.
Amid the grinding of brakes and imprecations of autoists following, two
men stepped out of the machine and
sauntered  away.
An irate truck driver, who had narrowly averted a collision with the
stalled machine, accompanied by some
curious passersby, approached the car.
Pulling back the curtains, they discovered the bullet-punctured body of
Joseph Cada, 31, slumped over the
steering wheel.
Police said Cada was a former associate of Terry Druggan and Frankie
Lake, West Side beer barons.
Three weeks ago he was questioned
by police when a companion, James
Walsh, was shot to death in a spectacular gun battle.
David (Babe) Barron, a former pugilist, and Robert Ryan were held for the
Walsh shooting, which occurred at Randolph and Clark streets, in the Loop
theatrical district, and panicked after-
theatre crowds, but were discharged
when the grand Jury failed to vote a
true bill.
Ryan later was arrested while he and
two companions were attempting to extort $5000 from Robert Barr, a La Salle
street broker.
Beyond a description of the men seen
leaving the death car, police were
without clues as to the slayers of Cada,
and relatives of the man were unable
to advance a motive.
NEW YORK, Feb. 3.--Gabriel Mucci,
"protection racketeer," made his last
collection on Sunday. He was shot
down by the occupants of an automobile, who drove away before they could
be apprehended.
Mucci, who collected money from
small shopkeepers in return for guarantees of immunity to annoyance, was
taken to St. Vincent's Hospital, where
he died without revealing the names
of his murderers.
CHICAGO, Feb. 3.—Julius Rosenheim, underworld tipster, will not talk
Bullets talked back to Rosenheim
during the week-end. Gangland had
the last word. x
A block from his home he was waylaid. Two executioners stepped to his
side, let loose a burst of fire, leaped
into an automobile, and were gone.
Rosenheim died Instantly.
He had lived 49 years, a goodly span
of life for an informer.
Years ago Rosenheim was reputed a
spy of Maclay Hoyne, former state's attorney of Cook County. Once he aided
a University of Chicago commission in
a study of Chicago crime.
Only Four Appeals Filed
Against 1930 Assessment
RICHMOND, Feb. 3. —Four appeals
only have been registered against municipal assessments in Richmond this
year. These appeals will be heard by
the court of revision presided over by
Reeve R. M. Grauer on Saturday at
10 a.m.
Mrs, 3. R. Clark Buried.
Last rites for Mrs. Jane Rae Clark,
aged 65, who died Thursday at the
home of her (daughter, Mrs. C. Lunn,
4182 St. George street, were held at 2
pjn. in Harron Bros. & Williamson's
parlors under the auspices of Grand
Chapter No. 8 Order of Eastern Star.
Adjutant P. Cubitt conducted the services and interment was in the family
plot, Mountain View Cemetery. The
deceased, a native of Scotland, had resided in Vancouver for eighteen years.
Besides her husband, Thomas Clark,
she Is survived by one daughter and
two sons.
Mrs. H. C. Bennett Buried.
Vancouver Interests to Use
Vessel as Cannery
Tender.      \Q^-
VICTORIA, April 18.—Sale of the
steamer Princess Ena to Vancouver
Cannery interests for use as a fish
station on the B. C. coast, was announced today by Capt. C. D. Nerout-
sos, manager of the B. C. Coast
Steamship Service of- the Canadian
Pacific Railway.
The Princess Ena is today berthed
alongside the Belleville street docks
of the company, having been temporarily laid up.
The vessel will be taken over by
her new owners immediately and
converted for use as a cannery tender.
Since the advent of the steamer
Nootka to the coast freighting trade
of the C. P. R., being a superior type
of ship for the coast freight business
on the west coast of Vancouver Island
and to ports as far as Alaska, the
Princess Ena was dropped from the
route and has been out of commission for several months.
It was in 1907 that the Princess
Ena was built to the order of the C.
P. R., by the Garston Drydock and
Shipbuilding Company at Garston, on
the east coast of England. She is a
steel screw vessel of 1368 tons.
so much
better cak.
other flour
cake perfect.
Swans Dowr
wheat. Diffe
of this seleci
of Swans D<
here. Swans
it is 27 times
Down is cak
Follow dire*
before measi
every cupful
is finer than
Down. Expei
Ask your gr<
CPR coastal ships
gave proud service
Province Marine Editor
For the first time in 60
years, only one "Princess"
will be operating on this
coast this winter, the result
of the decision of the CPR
to reduce its Nanaimo service to the Princess of Vancouver only. It would be a
tragedy if the sailings ceased
entirely, for we have had a
"Princess" service in B.C.
waters since 1879.
The first of the famed
"Princess" liners was the
sidewheel steamer Princess
Louise, the first of the name.
She was built in New York
in 1869 as the Olympia to run
between Victoria and Puget
Sound for American owners.
At that time, nearly a
century ago, she was considered a marvel of luxury, and
was said to have cost $200,-
000, which was a lot of
money in those days. She
was very staunchly built
with a hull of seasoned oak,
which kept her afloat for
more than 50 years.
In 1871, she engaged in a
steamboat war with the rival
sidewheeler North Pacific.
Ultimately both steamers advertised a trip from Victoria
to Port Townsend, with
"free transportation, free
meals, and a chromo." The
latter was a lithographed
She couldn't make money
in that soi-t of business and
in 1878 her owners were
glad to sell her to the Hudson's Bay Co.
At that time the Hudson's
Bay Co. operated the steamer
service across the Gulf of
Georgia from Victoria to
New Westminster and the
Olympia, soon to be renamed
Princess Louise,, was considered the best ship in the
With her great walking
beam engine and luxurious
plush furnishings, she was a
familiar sight in B.C. waters
for many years, until she became so old and decrepit she
was known as the "Princess
The Hudson's Bay Co.
steamship service on this
coast dates from the advent
of the pioneer steamer
Beaver in 1835. The B.C.
coast steamship service of
the CPR is its direct successor, and so can be rightly
said to date back to 1835.
Business boomed
The steamboat business began to boom in the early
! eighties with the imminent
arrival of the transcontinental railway. The Hudson's Bay Co. established a
new company which practically monopolized all the
steamship   business  in   the
/ province, called the Canadian
•Pacific. _Navigation Co. Ltd.
Its manager was Capt. John
Irving, one of the most famous maritime characters on
l   the coast, who was also a
j   part owner.
Among the famous ships
built by the Canadian Pacific
Navigation   Co.   were   the
\yf Charmer and the Islander, S
both of which passed to the
CPR when they bought out
the CPN in January 1901.
That started a new era in
steamship service on this
coast. Under the aggressive
management of Capt. J. W.
Troup, the CPR set out to
build the finest ships that
could be designed and built.
The first addition to the
old CPN fleet was the Hat
ing, which was brought out
from the China coast. She
was renamed Princess May,
and after her all the new
ships added to the company's
freight and passenger fleet
was named after a princess.
Two of the early ones
built on this coast were the
wooden-hulled Princess
-Royal and Princess Beatrice,
but they were greatly excelled by the great Princess
Victoria of 1903.
She was the first of the
three-funnelled beauties
which made the CPR coast
service famous and she retained her reputation for
comfort and speed for 50
years, to become known affectionately in her old age
as the "Old Vic."
In the booming days before the First World War,
Captain Troup designed and
built new ships almost as
fast as the yards could turn
them out. Most of them became household words in
every port between Seattle
and Alaska.
Active in Greek waters
Three of them, the Princess Charlotte, Princess Alice
and Princess Adelaide are
still in active service in
Greek waters. Others included the much loved Princess Mary, Princess Maquin-
na, ill-fated Princess Sophia,
Princess Ena and Island
In 1905 the CPR bought
out the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway Co. and got
into the run between Vancouver and Nanaimo with
the old E. and N. steamers
Joan and City of Nanaimo.
They were inadequate, so
in 1912 the CPR brought out
the Princess Patricia, formerly the Clyde steamer
Queen Alexandra, second
commercial turbiner ever
She became the speed
I queen of the fleet, and often
|made the run from dock to
lock, Vancouver to Nanaimo,
iin two hours. It now takes
|the Princess of Vancouver
; about three hours to make
the same run.
The two finest ships of all
were building in Great
Britain when war broke out,
the Princess Irene and Princess Margaret. Their lives
were short for they were
commandeered by the British
Admiralty.   The Irene blew
up in 1915 off Sheerness with
terrible loss of life. These
two ships were replaced in
1925 by the Princess Kathleen and Princess Marguerite, which were to serve
in the Second World War.
The Marguerite was lost
in action in the Mediterranean, and the Kathleen
was wrecked in Alaskan
waters after the war.
The CPR coastwise service reached its peak in the
years just before the Second
World War, when there were
services to Prince Rupert
and Alaska, to the west
coast of Vancouver Island, to
the Gulf Islands, night runs
to Seattle and Victoria, a day
run to Victoria, a service to
Powell River and Comox and
a frequent Nanaimo service.
Now only one ship is left
to carry on the old tradition.
It is enough to an^ke one
tracted nervous tension can
cause odd aches and pains—
and not just headaches. The
neck, shoulders, chest, digestion, abdomen all can act up
out of sympathy for our overwrought worry-mechanisms.
Sedatives sometimes help,
at least temporarily, but in
such cases the greatest relief
usually has come from successfully reassuring a patient
1 that nothing serious ails him.
Then he relaxes, and so do
the pains.
I try to give readers some
understanding of whatever
health    problems    they    ask
about—but I think the great
est, if I succeed, will be in
convincing people that the
most valuable single attribute
of a physician is to discover
what, if anything, is really
wrong. Diagnosis is the foundation for all good medicine.
So don't try to do too much
guessing in advance. Instead,
let your dpctor do the diagnosing.
(And even if those painsj
aren't heart trouble, they may
well be something that can
be treated successfully. Sc
why go on suffering in a sea
of maybe or could-it-be?)
Can animals use weapons?
Answer: The use of weapons
(clubs, sticks, etc.) is partly
instinctive among gorillas and
(chimpanzees. In a recent article In the Scientific American,
Ardiaan Kortlandt told of placing a caged tiger near a half-
grown chimpanee that had
been born in captivity and had
never seen a large beast of
prey. Almost immediately the
chimpanzee grabbed up wooden cubes (previously placed
nearby), assumed a two-legged
position, and began to bombard the tiger vigorously.
Do elderly people like -'
peace and quiet?
Answer: Many become lrkec
at meaningless noise, and jus
as disturbed at prolongei
quietude. Dr. Ewald R. Busse
Duke University psychiatrist
points out that normal back
ground noises are a brldg<
with reality. Elder person;
with gradual hearing loss ma_
be unaware that background
noises are missing, and feeS
an uneasy sense of deadness
about them. Thus in some ger
iatric centres, background noises are increased rather than
 >afy   Au.t . Jfj, /fSO
Princess Victoria Retires
MAKES LAST VOYAGE—SS Princess Victoria,
matriarch of Canadian Pacific coastal fleet, was retired from Service Thursday. The 48-year-old passenger ship once was the fastest in the CPR fleet.
j She has been taken to Victoria to await decision of
her fate, probably to be sold.    Company intended to
retire her September 5, but Canada ship tie-up made
it sooner, officials said. Her summer route was
between Vancouver and Nanaimo. The 3,100-ton
ship was built at Newcastle, England, in 1902. In.
1904, she made a record Seattle-Victoria run of
3V_   hours.
too much govern-
s I am afraid we
fishing fleet if one wants to
The seining of a weir here is
one of the sights no stranger
should miss, for it takes one
back to the days of the Bible
as one watches the fisherman
pulling up the seine and filling
their dories with fish. One can
jtay in American waters and
SATURDAY, AUGUST 26, 1950    l| 8
Him that cameth to me I will in no wise
cast out. —John 6:37.
(The text for today was suggested by the Rev. Wayne
M. Butchart of West Seattle Nazarene Church. The next
text will be suggested by the Rev. L. David Cowie of
University Presbyterian Church.)
E. V. Hurling
'On the
Though   your   figure,    that   was
fashioned as light as a fay's
Has   assumed   a   proportion   more
And your glance that  was as
bright as a falcon at gaze
Looks soberly now to the ground.
'Tis   enough,   after   absence   to
meet you again,
Your steps still with ecstasy.move,
'Tis enough, that those dear sober
glances   retain,
For   me   that   kind   language   of
everywhere. The turtle's name
is Peter Pauline. They explain
they gave their pet these two
names because they don't know
its sex. Can any expert advise
the Brissons as to how to distinguish a male turtle from- a
lynite named Theresa, states i
my Bitter Campaign 8888976D,/
against females using names I
intended for men, has inspired
J_e____t______frienri   tn   ask   hpr   in
 -ff. *   A2
Completes Perilous Voyage
TJEBE is the little schooner Coquet, which Captain Robert Waard sailed
TORONTO, April 17.—-Though relatively dull from the opening, the
mining list had a somewhat stronger
appearance today.
Wright Hargreaves sold up 8 to $2.90.
Mclntyre gained a half to $24.50, and
Sylvanite was up 3 to $1.01. Kirkland
Lake Gold was up 6 at 86. Holllnger
eased 5 to $8.10, and Moss dropped another 3 to 43.
In spite of reports of slightly lower
copper quotations, Norarida sold up 30
to $24.25, Hudson Bay and International
Nickel were both off, the one to $5.45
and the other to $16.65. Chlbougamu
Prospectors lost another couple to 46 >/_.
Home Oil was a soft spot In the oils,
declining 10 to 75. Nordon was a cent
or sb higher, while other oils were
TORONTO, April 17.—Trading was almost
at a standstill in Toronto Stock Exchange this
morning. Though losses were generally so small
as to be of no Importance other than to show
that the tenor of the market still is weak.
Page-Hersey Tubes was down 2 points to 85.
Nickel, Bell Telephone. Ford of Canada, Brazilian Traction, Dominion Stores, Canada Cement were off less than Vz point with the
exception of the iastnamed, which eased % of
a point.    Walkers sold uniformly at  7.
B. A. Oil was still moderately active, but
the remainder of the group were quiet. At
midday all were sellin unchanged.
MONTREAL, April 17.—Security prices on
the Montreal stock market firmed slightly on
this morning's trading, with the steep decline
of the past few days apparently halted for the
Canada Cement eased off a point to 14, but
Canada Wire and Cable "B" went up a point
to 68 and Ourd climbed a point to 28. S's_-
wln-WilUams was up % at 27, Canada Car &
Foundry gained % at 14, Dominion Bridge went
up M to 42 % and Dominion Textile showed a
half-point gain at 77.
Brazilian was unchanged at 20 % and Nickel
was steady at 1 6 Ms. Consolidated Mining &
Smelting was off % at 140'.4. Canada Pacific moved up   ._   to 37%.
Stocks turned -definitely into a sinking trend
with the late trading. Coupled with the lower
prices that ruled throughout the list, the selling  became  heavier   near  the  cloee.
Montreal Power, Brazilian Traction and one
or two others bore the brunt of the late movement. Power dipped to 68, off ltt, Brazilian
dropped to a new low for the year at 20. down
%. Nickel was down to 1 fl % . National Steel
Car reached another new low mark at 25, off
a full three points. Cockshutt Plow, another
new low level, 7 % , off  %.    National Breweries
New Issue:
67z% Sinking Fund
To be dated June 1, 1931
Features of This Ii
—7% yield.
—assets of
—closed iss
ended Ma
est, taxes
nine time
1931, grei
—sinking f
issue befc
—callable a
Price: 97*50
Circulars ser.
♦18 Howe Street
Banks Deny That
Credit Being Withheld
 3__R   1,   1944
to/. / , t
Maquinna Master
Veteran West
Coast Skipper
Retires Today
After 32 years' service in Canadian Pacific British Columbia
Coast Steamships, during which
time She made a multitude of
friends and established an enviable record as navigator and
shipmaster, Capt. Robert (Red)
Thomson of Victoria is retiring.
Previous to joining the B.C.
Coast Services he spent 14 years;
in coast waters of this province
and Alaska and is an acknowledged authority on coast navigation. In-all he has sailed these
waters 46 years.
Capt. Thomson has been
known since 1929 as "the West
Coast Skipper.'' He knows every
changing tide and current, every
reef and every entrance of the
.48 ports of call along west coast
of Vancouver Island as a householder knows his own backyard.
Born of seafaring parents in
Shetlands, he first accompanied
his father to sea in a sailing
schooner at 14 and spent the next
four years on the North Sea fishing banks before coming to B.C.
in 1898.
At Victoria he became an able
seaman on the Islander, went to
Alaska as quartermaster in the
old Danube in the gold rush, and
served on the Wellington in .the
coal trade, the Scotia, a lumber
schooner and the Czarina in the
sugar trade.
He joined the C.P. coast service in 1912 and worked his way
up on various ships, becoming
master of the Princess Maquin-'
na in 1923. Most of his service
has been in the Esquimalt-built
Princess Maquinna, -,
]ULujwl Chd\
if    WE'RE    ALL    FRIENDS    TOGETHER    *
Customers Fish For
3 Cents a Try,
Spend $2
S^our merry - faced Tillicums
filed into headquarters the other
day, bearing an envelope jingling
with coins. After we'd counted
silverware to the value of §2.0!
{they explained just how they'i
{accumulated that amount
Reddy Fox S^
You'll find  when  all is said and
Two   heads   are   better  than  one.
It is because of this that people
become partners. Partners, you
know, are two or more folks who
agree to do things together, because together they can do these
-^things better and easier^thSn]1
they could alone. This is called
a partnership.
Often there are partnerships
among the little people of the
Green Forest and the Green
Meadows. Reddy and Mrs. Reddy
often hunt together. One will
keep watch while the other tries
to steal a chicken. They are
In the Great Woods where
Howler the Wolf lives the wolves
hunt in bands or packs. This is
another kind of partnership.
And when, in the spring, you see
two of the feathered folks building a nest together you know
that they are partners.
Reddy Fox knows all who hunt
Danny Meadow Mouse and  all
 THOSE crossing the Atlantic on
the Swedish American Line flagship Stockholm enter Sweden at
the port of Gothenburg, where the
 RIGHT: Speeding out of Digby Gut,
Digby, N. S., is Canadian Pacific's
Princess Helene, bound for her home
port of Saint John, N. B. She makes a
round trip daily in the summer, going
out at 7:30 a.m., returning at dusk.
....... t -.
 : ■■■:■   ...
Vintage 1911 — The S.S. "Princess Adelaide"
Reading from Left to Right: STANDING—Chief Steward White,
Purser Bird, 2nd Officer Gooch, 3rd Officer W. Q. Palmer,
Freight Clerk Charles Holbeach. SEATED—Chief Engineer Tom
Moffatt, Capt.  R. A.  Hunter and Chief Officer Perry Rogers.
Photo is the property of Mr. C. F. Timms — Assistant to the Marine
.             Superintendent,  B. C. Coast Service.
 included when necessary^ Certain cnangesT:n wind or
visibility call for special mention.
Accuracy of forecasts is always a topic for discussion. Some criticism is based on misunderstanding of
the wording. Certain standard terms describe expected sky conditions, and these should be understood
by all who use forecasts.
"Clear" describes a sky not more than 20% covered
by cloud, "sunny" or "few clouds" means cloudiness
varying between 20% and 60%, "cloudy" describes a
50% to 90% coverage, while "overcast" refers to over
90% of sky covered by cloud.
Terms used to describe precipitation are sometimes  misunderstood.   "Rain"  is  distinguished  from
Burrard Dry Dock
15,000-Ton Fl
North   102-3
MArine 4411
Main  Office,   North  Vancouver   -J^tl)
 r      JT^^^-
B.C.C.S. 59
 Lifeboat Certificates
/TvHE following information has been compiled
-*■  for the purpose of assisting candidates in the
examination for the certificates as Lifeboatmen.
Boat Equipment Regulation 36 of the Safety and
Load Line Convention Act of 1931.
a—A single banked complement of oars, two spare
oars and a steering oar. One set and a half of
thole pins or crutches and a boat hook.
b—Two plugs for each plug hale, a bailer and a
galvanized iron bucket.
c—A rudder and a tiller, or yoke and yoke lines.
d—Two hatchets or axes.
e—A lamp filled with oil and trimmed.
* f—A mast or masts with one good sail at least and
proper gear for each.
g—An efficient compass.
h—Life-line becketed round the outside.
i—A sea-anchor.
j—A painter.
k—A vessel containing one gallon of vegetable or
animal oil. The vessel shall be so constructed
that the oil can be easily distributed on the
water and so arranged that it can be attached
to the sea-anchor.
* 1—An air-tight receptacle containing two pounds
of provisions for each person,
m—A water-tight receptacle, provided with a dipper,
with   lanyard,   containing  one   quart  of   fresh
water for each person,
n—At least one dozen self-igniting red lights;  and
a box of matches in water-tight container.
*o—One pound of condensed milk for each person,
p—A suitable locker for the stowage of small items
of equipment.
* NOTSE—In the case of a ship which is engaged in short
international voyages,  boats  may  be  exempted  from
carrying the equipment specified in paragraphs f, 1 and o.
 The following questions and answers of the
various parts of the boat and its equipment are for
the assistance of those desiring their lifeboatman's
1 Question—How many oars are there in each
Answer—For a boat 28 feet long or over, 6
oars and 2 spare ones. Boats under 28 feet, 4 oars
and 2, spare ones. In all cases one additional oar
called a steering oar is carried. It is used in a crutch
or grummet fitted in the stern of the boat.
2 Question—What are rowlocks or crutches?
Answer—Iron   crutches  fitted   in  the  gunwale to take the oars when pulling.    One set and a
half is required for each boat.
3 Question—What is a boat hook for?
Answer—To fend the boat off the ship when
leaving or approaching her.
4 Question—How many   plugs are   there   in
each boat?
Answer—Two for each plug hole. They are
secured to the bottom of the boat with chains.
5 Question—How many buckets does a boat
require to carry?
Answer—One of galvanized iron secured to
the thwart by a small line. Note: The lamp is
carried in the bucket.
6 Question—How many bailers are carried?
Answer—One attached to thwart by a small
line.    The bailer is used for putting loose water in
the boat overboard.
7 Question—What is the rudder and how is it
secured to the boat?
Answer—The rudder is for steering or direc-
ing the boat, it is attached to the boat by being
hooked into pintles on the boat's stern post. A line
is attached to the rudder and made fast inboard to
prevent it being lost if it became unshipped.
8 Question—What is. a tiller?
Answer—The wooden handle that fits into
the head of the rudder for steering.   When steering
— 2 —
always put the tiller the opposite way to which you
want the boat's head to go.
9    Question—How many axes are required?
Answer—Two—one at each end secured to
the boat by a small line.
10 Question—Where is the lamp kept?
Answer—In  the  after  end  hanging in  the
bucket from the after thwart. The lamp should be
attached to the thwart itself by a small line. Always
be sure the lamp is trimmed and ready for use.
11 Question—What    are    the    various    lines
attached to the mast?
Answer—Stays, lug halyards, and jib halyards.
12 Question—What are.these lines used for?
Answer—The  Stays   support  the  mast   on
either side. The Halyards are used for hoisting
the sails into position.
13 Question—What is the traveller?
Answer—The iron ring round the mast to
which the yard is made fast. It is then hauled to
the top of the mast by the halyard.
14 Question—How are the Lug and Jib Halyards secured?
Answer—The Lug Halyards are secured to
the Traveller. The Jib Halyards are fitted with
clip hooks which hook into the head of the sail.
15 Question—What is the Yard?
Answer—The wooden spar to which the Lug
sail is attached by a small lacing.
16 Question—What is a strop?
Answer—A rope ring lashed about one third
from the fore end of the yard. It is attached to the
17 Question—What type of sails are used for
Answer—A standing or dipping Lug, and
a jib.
18 Question—Enumerate the different parts of
a lug sail?
— 3 —
 Answer—1 The   throat   or   forward   upper
2 The peak or after upper corner.
3 The tack or forward lower corner.
4 The clew or after lower corner.
5 Thehead orupper edge of the sail.
6 The  luff  or  forward  leach,  the
fore edge of the sail.
7 The leach or after edge of the sail.
19 Question—What is the sheet?
Answer—The lines attached to the clew.
20 Question—What are the reef points?
Answer—They   are   pieces   of   line   worked
into and through the sails for stopping it up.
21 Question—How is a sail reefed?
Answer—The short pieces of line, one from
either side of the sail are tied tightly together under
the foot of the sail by means of which the sail area
is reduced. The reef points must always be secured
by means of a reef knot. •
. 22    Question—Enumerate the different parts of
a jib?
Answer—1 The head or top corner.
2 The tack or forward lower corner.
3 The luff .the forward edge of the
4 The leach the after edge of the
5 The foot or bottom edge of the
6 The clew or after lower corner.
23 Question—What is the heel of the mast?
Answer—The bottom of the mast.
24 Question—What is the mast step?
Answer—The socket in the bottom of the
boat in which the bottom end of the mast rests.
25 Question—On which side of the sail is the
rope sown?
Answer—Port side.''
26 Question—Is the sheet ever made fast?
Answer—No.   A half turn on the cleat on
the lee side is sufficient.    It will then be ready to
let go in case of an emergency.
— 4 —
Where is the compass kept?
Answer—In the after end of the boat, made
fast to the thwart.
28 Question—What is the lubber line?
Answer—A black line on the bowl of the
compass, this represents the boat's head and is used
for steering.
29 Question—How  many  points   are   in   the
Answer—32 (see Appendix).
30 Question—What are the life lines?
Answer—A becketted line round the outside
of the boat.   When the boat is in the water and
loaded the lines just float on the water's edge.
31 What is a sea-anchor?
Answer—A cone shaped bag made of canvas
with a wooden rim. It is put over the bow in rough
weather, and acts as a drag. The anchor should be
fitted with 20 fathoms of line, also a trip line.
32 Question—What is an oil bag?
Answer—A canvas bag filled with vegetable
or mineral oil so constructed that it can be attached
to the sea-anchor. It is usually perforated with
small holes to allow the oil to seep out.
33 Question—How much oil is required?*
Answer—One gallon for each boat.
34 Question—What is a Painter?
Answer—A rope not less than 20 fathoms in
length, it is passed outside all the ship's rigging, and
made fast well forward of the boat. When the boat
is lowered in the water it will keep the boat in position until everything is ready for leaving the ship.
35 Question—What are bread tanks?
Answer—Air-tight   tanks   secured    to    the
thwarts to  hold  two pounds  of  biscuits  for  each
person the boat is certificated to carry.
36 Question—Where is the fresh water kept?
Answer—In barrels or tanks secured to the
boat. They should be capable of holding one quart of
water for each person the boat is certificated to carry.
37 Question—What is a Dipper?
Answer—A long thin metal tube just large
enough to enter the bung hole of the water barrel, it
has a line attached to it.   It is to enable the water to
— S —
 be removed from the barrel without any waste.  One
dipper is required for each barrel.
38 Question—How many red lights are required ?
Answer—12 in a water-tight receptacle attached to the thwart.
39 Question—How are they used?
Answer-—The caps, top and bottom, are torn
off by means of tapes. The bottom piece is then
rubbed over the top igniting the light the same as
one would a match.
40 Question—How   much   condensed   milk   is
Answer—One lb. for each person the boat is
certificated to carry.
41 Question—What amount of air is contained
in the tanks?
Answer—One cubic foot per person.
42 Question—What are the air tanks?
Answer—Metal tanks under the thwarts to
give buoyancy to the boat.
43 Question—Where  are  the  figures  showing
the number of people the boat is certificated to carry?
Answer—On the stem of the boat.
44 Question—What is the. Stem of the boat ?
Answer—The extreme fore 'end.
f5    Question—What is the Keel of the boat?
Answer—The fore and aft bottom foundation.
46 Question—What is the Stern post?
Answer—The extreme aft end of the boat.
47 Question—What is the Gunwale?
Answer—The top fore and aft timber round
the side of the boat.
48 Question—When   launching   a   boat,   what
care must be taken regarding the falls?
Answer—That there are sufficient turns
around the cleat to prevent the falls from slipping.
Care should be taken to lower away evenly.
49 Question—Before swinging out a boat which
gripes are cast off first?
Answer—The outside gripes.
50 Question—In  what  way  can   attention   be
drawn at night?
Answer—By using the lights or by dipping
the lamp in and out of the bucket, this action being
similar to that of a Morse lamp.
— 6 —
The following are suggested orders for the guidance of
Masters and Officers when carrying out boat drill.
1. The boat's crew fall in, standing in single line with
life jackets on, facing the boat, the coxswain being abreast
of the stern post, the bowman at the stem, and the lowerers
opposite the falls.
2. Whilst in this position they are instructed in, and
questioned as to their knowledge of, the details of the boat,
its equipment and management, and of the disengaging gear,
if any, fitted to the boat.
3. "Clear Away" — At this order the coxswain takes
charge. Lowerers see that the falls are properly made fast
and clear for running.
The covers are removed.
The stroke oarsman ships the plug, the bowman
passes the painter out, the remainder of the crew let go the
gripes (outboard gripes first), see the falls, chocks and guys
clear, and the boat ready for swinging out.
The crew with the exception of the stroke oarsman
and bowman then return to their former positions.
4. "Swing Out"—At this order the boat is swung out as
quickly as possible, the guys (if any) are secured, the painter
is passed along to a suitable position and the rudder shipped.
The boat is then lowered to a position suitable for
the embarkation of passengers or crew.
Before the boat is lowered the operation of swinging
out should be conducted several times in order to improve
the crew's efficiency in this preliminary work.
5. "Still," "Carry On," "Lower Away" — The order
"Still" is given, when through some misunderstanding or
accident, or for the purpose of instruction it is necessary to
suspend operations. At this order each man stops what he is
doing and retains his position. If the order "Still" is given
whilst the boat is being lowered the lowerers immediately
take an extra turn with the falls or belay them. The order
"Carry On" means that operations should be resumed. At
the order "Lower Away" the boat is lowered. It is desirable
that each man in the boat's crew should act in his turn as
one of the two lowerers.
6. When the boat is near or in the water, the crew,
except those lowering, take their places in the boat, unhook
her when water-borne, ship the crutches, and toss the oars.
7. As soon as the last two lowerers embark, the bowman hauls in the painter, and the practice afloat commences.
8. Each oarsman should be required to take turn in
steering and giving orders such as "SPull starboard," "Back
port," "In bow," etc., also in assisting to set the sail, float
the anchor, and bring the boat alongside.
— 7 —
The Mariner's Compass
3rd Quarter. 4th Quarter. 1st Quarter.
S. W. N.
2nd Quarter.
S. by W.
W. by N.
N. by E.
E. by S.
S.W. by S.
N.W. by W.
N.E. by N.
S.E. by E
S.W. by W.
N.W. by N.
N.E. by E.
S.E. by S
W. by S.
N. by W.
E. by N.
S. by E.
There are 32 Points in the Compass.   The Way to learn
the Name of Each Point is as Follows:—
4 Cardinal or Principal Points—N., S., E., W.
4 Half-Cardinal or Quadrantal—N.E., N.W., S.E., S.W.
The above Principal Points have their Names printed on them. From these you get the Names of all the
other points.
8 - Intermediate or Three-Letter Points:—They are
the Centre Points between each Cardinal and
and Half-Cardinal. Join the Name of the Cardinal to that of the Half-Cardinal and you have
the Intermediate Point. Thus the Intermediate
Point between N. and N.E. is N.N.E. Between
N.E. and E. is E.N.E. Similarly the others are
E.S.E., S.S.E., S.S.W., W.S.W., W.N.W., and N.N.W.
16 "By" Points:— They are the Points on either
side of a Cardinal or Half-Cardinal and take
their name "by" the next Cardinal. Thus Points
each side of N. are N. by E. and N. by W.; of
N.E. are N.E. by' N. and N.E. by E.
  TRAFFIC JAM OF BOATS has developed at Canadian   Pacific   Railway   pier   in   Vancouver  during
current wage strike of 350 members of. Seafarers'
International Union. Firm's other six vessels are tied
mder Tom
,i_ vicntp.rg
Air Force Day activities
June 14 will be climaxed by
,two balls that evening.
Air Commodore and Mrs.
A. D. Ross will be hosts at
RCAF Station, Vancouver
and, at Sea Island, Wing
Cmdr. and Mrs. J. V. Watts
will be hosts at the ball in
the officers' mess.
It will be , ' a
gay evening it .       ..........   rty-
goers tonight at Federation of
Canadian Artists' Centennial
dinner dance at the Astor.
Among those planning to
attend are Mr. and Mrs. Elmore Ozard, Mr. and j Mrs.
Ralph Hanslow, David Molson,
W. SHS. Q. Cameron, Mr. an.
Mrs. Don Stewart, Mr. -
Mrs. R7 S. Alexandi ^&. «d
Mrs. Charles Clam- . ■'-.- an(j
Mrs. Clarence  C Soren-
Mr. and .  jtes With
ers, Mrs. is'...- _e Kichler, Gordon • Kit Thorne, Mrs. Olea
Davis, Mr. and Mrs. R. H. G.
Hearn, Mrs. Gladys Linder-
mere, Mr. and Mrs. W. Cuff,
Dr. and Mrs. Harry Slind, Mr.
and Mrs. Richard Morris, Miss
Marie Moreau, W. P. Weston,
Mr. and Mrs. Ken Campbell.
Mr. and Mrs. Keith Talley,
Mr. and Mrs. R. M. Hume,
Patrick Wakely, Mr. and Mrs.
Les Bewley, Miss Louis" r> j^.
Mr. and Mrs. Joh., |P
Mr. and Mrs. G. '"
Mr. an-1 -"■■-■ .
Todays Working Wifi
Less Apt to Lose Job
Lay-offs on 1930 Scale
Unlikely Expert Says
Should a serious recession hit Canada it is doubtful
that as large a percentage of married women would be
thrown out of ,work as during the depression of the
Mr. ai.
.-__ Schaffer, Opre, Miss
.:donald,   Frank;
and   Mrs.   Kings-
This is the opinion of Miss
Marion Royce, director,
Women's Bureau, Department
of Labor, Ottawa, here attend-
ig sessions of the 65th annual meeting of National
Council of Women of Canada.
"There might be a lessening
of employment of married
women if a recession really became serious," said the grey-
eyed, soft-spoken woman in an
interview Friday, "But it is
much less likely to happen
rf     " m in the past."'
ited  reasons  for  her
.it. _t
—The idea of married
women in the labor force is
not disputed to the extent it
was a few years ago.
—The kind of jobs the majority of married women are
doing makes a difference.
They are women's jobs and
husbands, even though they
themselves were out of work,
would not, likely be employed
in them.
Seventy-five percent of well-
trained professional women
are teachers and nurses and
with the present shortage . .
*'-' '->lds there is less like-
discrimination against
the married woman employee.
"Therefore, we may assume,"
M.      Royce   concluded,   "that
what might happen to married,
women in jobs now, can't be
based on what happened during the depression."
Of the present employment
situation, Miss Royce • said
women throughout Canada
are not being as seriously affected as men.
"In fact," she added, "there
are more women employed today than a year a$
"Unemployment has
fields of industry as |
tion   and   forestry   in .
■women  are  not employ   '   '
any large extent."
Percentage of m a r r i e (.
women in the labor force has
gone on increasing, she said,
and of all employed women in
jobs now, 40 per cent are
Of the difficulty often met
by the older woman in trying
to secure a job Miss Royce
said "some of the predjudice
is breaking down."
"The issue is being given a
gi*eat deal of attention, with
-oecial committee in the
trr. ' ai Labor at
Ottawa studying the problem
of the older worker and attempting to build up public
opinion on her behalf," she
_____i______________-* ■■»»-.«*_
_ctor of Women's
;au. Department of
"JLacor in Ottawa, Miss
Marion Royce will address annual meeting
of National Council of
Women at session tonight at 8 in UBC
physics Building.
Dinner At
Brock Hall
Premier W. A. C. Bennett
will address, a conference dinner to be held at 6:45 p.m.
Tuesday at Brock Hall, University of B.C., in conjunctions
with the 65th annual meeting
of National Council of Women';,
in session here until Wednes
  S25S*-°F H0N0'' 7 re7A[™ FridaY aboard         Renouf, second from left. District Commc1
.Jl-------_______---_:Y____a__jCcmadign PoWR.   SrmnH.nn't PrfVCT.hrTTB_emjJMra^pal<pn}1fTm rW ,ArUh t;
 This picture shows Newcastle Island in its heyday. The names on the two ships at the dock
cannot be properly deciphered, but from the outlines they are probably the Charmer (on the
left) and the Princess Victoria.
 ~VrtSWrrrf KTvns 7=_rea. GtorgCTf. SPanner,
Jr., principal surveyor of the Great Lakes
Area for 11 years, has retired after 36
years with ABS.
Another recent appointment at ABS is
that of Dr. Donald Liu, formerly chief
research engineer, to the position of
assistant vice-president.
A new agency, Worms Oceans
Schipping S.A. (WOCS), has been
established to assist vessel owners and
operators with transits and other
maritime related activities at the Panama
Canal. The company, headquartered in
Balboa with a branch office at New
Cristobal, is headed by managing
director S. Vogt who personally has 14
years experience in Canal transits.
 Canadian Pacific Railway.
ABOVE: Dwarfed by mountains, the Princess of Nanaimo steams
under Lions Gate Bridge over the First Narrows in Vancouver.
 covered with trees of large growth, principally of the
pine tribe. On the northern side, the rugged snowy barrier, whose base we had now nearly approached, rose
 THE Canadian Pacific Railway steamer Princess Mary, shown here at Hope Bay, North
Pender Island, has been retired and is now tied up in Victoria Harbor with a "For Sale"
sign on her bow. She's an old-timer, built in 1910 for the CPR's British Columbia trade.
 Last outpost
in the Pacific
Thousands of mariners pass the lonely, rock-bound islands, but few of them
have been tempted to go ashore
 IT WAS ALMOST POSSIBLE to step from the Princess Kathleen to shore, as this
picture, one of many taken for Associated Press by the Juneau Empire newspaper,
shows. In foreground are several of the survivors, who scampered ashore undampened.
 ransatlantic Recaption
pike and I are married you'll be able to come and visit us in New
York two or three times a week."
  bit of pepper.
ms should be left over-
lcket of water contain-
r oat meal. Clears out
improves color,
it one inch of water in
~t saucepan and steam
ams.   ,....,.,...,,,,..,....,,..,....,,;... ,,,,,,.
Frank Koehler
oroughly, tl .n nnt it
tie meat grinder too.
linced lams and pork
m brc and add con-
the ca ! of vegetables
nings. Let mixture sim-
ess than one hour—and
. the better,
lotatoes well, then dice
The Iron Curtain countries have a reputation for
being prolific issuers of stamps. Most of their adhesives
have carried the Red propaganda theme — military
might and progiess under communism.
A ch^ - • of pace is noted in two new issues, one
by Bulcs apd the other by Poland. Bulgaria's is a
s" events as speelechase riding,
\\i j. skiing. Poland's set shows
v.-. leaver, ieer and buffalo.
When fiat
.Haiti   in   the   West
struction was widespre
lives were lost and th
damage was enormous,
raise  funds  for  the  rec
tion job Haiti has issue,
set of stamps showing t!
All the stamps bear
illustration—a.    'e'ico
damagt...   .,
..jere     are     four
aSoed   at   10   centin    .
The   colors   are   blue,   orange,
sepia and green. Two 2C centimes are magenta and green,
reports  the New York Stamp
Co. The words "Cyclone Hazel"
appear on each.
,;al    fairs
have been .a.ri_-ed on new
Luxembourg stamps, now
Industrial Photographer
SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico, is blessed with a harbor that is an almost landlocked bay wit
a rather narrow entrance from the Atlantic. Although the main portion of the city is o
an island, it has grown to include suburban areas across the San Antonio Channel. Alco
Steamship Company's Alcoa Ranger is shown berthing at Santurce, now part of San Jua
 A.   *      fff.
Victoria ferry service ends
[An institution joins ghosts of past
Shed a tear for the direct
ferry service between Vancouver and Victoria.
The new summer schedule
of the B.C. coast steamship
service of the CPR is just
out, and for the first year
since Vancouver was born in
1886, there is no Victoria
The summer tourist run
between Victoria and Seattle
will commence May 19 with
daily return trips by the
Princess Marguerite, but the
Vancouver • Victoria leg of
the old triangle service has
fallen victim to air and car
ferry competition.
For nearly 75 years the
daily boat to Victoria
seemed an almost indestructible institution, the
principal link between island
and mainland.
Many fine steamers, now
mostly ghosts in the graveyard of ships, have plied the
sheltered inland waters to
Victoria via Active Pass.
It all started with the old
sidewheeler Yosemite, a former Sacramento river boat,
with a great walking beam
engine which was the delight of small boys.
Capt. John Irving's old
Canadian Pacific Navigation
Co. put her on the run in
1886, and she greeted the
first CPR train into Port
Moody with 700 excursionists from Victoria.	
In 1888 Capt. Irving had
the Islander built on the
Clyde. Her red plush fittings,
stained glass windows,- and
general elegance were the
marvel of. the age, She sank .
near Juneau in 1901 after
striking an iceberg.
Her consort was the famous  old  Charmer,   which
Capt. Irving stole from under the eyes of a U.S. marshal. She never crossed into
American waters again.
The Charmer was named
the Premier in 1892 when
rammed by a collier and
beached at Point-No-Point.
Relatives of the dead and injured had her held for damages.
It was assumed she
couldn't be moved. Capt. Irving had the unguarded vessel patched-up under cover
of darkness and she floated
out of US. authority.
The CPR bought the service in 1901 and started a
long line of famous Princesses, such as the Princess
Beatrice, which began the
triangle service in 1903; and
the grand old Princess Victoria, later to be known affectionately as the 'Old Vic'.
She was followed by the
Princess Charlotte, and the
night boats Princess Alice
and Princess Adelaide, all
now in Greek waters.
Greece seems to have an
affinity for CPR ships, for
Princess Joan and Princess
Elizabeth, last of the night
boats, are now bound for
the Mediterranean, under
the names Hermes II and
Queens of the triangle
run for many years were
the Princess Kathleen and
the first Marguerite, one to
fall victim to a reef in
Alaska, the latter to a German submarine in the Mediterranean.
The second Princess Marguerite and second Princess
Patricia were built for the
day run in 1949, but now
even they operate on other
routes, and no sleek CPR
Princesses breast the tide
rips of Active Pass.
'A Real Tune-Up in Sales'
Seating Definitely Limited — Make Your Reservation Now
or Fill in Coupon Below
NORTH VANCOUVER, B.C.    Phone YUkon 5-2853.
Enclosed is cheque for $.-..,.... .in payment of
 registrations in the Sam Fletcher Human Relations
& Sales Clinic   (Registration $15.00 per enrolee).
Please list additional registrations on separate sheet.   If 10 or more enroll from
one firm the fee is $12.50 per person.
party banned
LIMA, Peru (UPD—President Manuel Prado Wednesday
night outlawed the Communist party in Peru. Prado signed a law banning the party
despite a last-ditch fight by
his political opposition. Peruvian leftists called for street
demonstrations Jan. 15 against
the measure.
: irs
•   and
• Enjoy a warm winter vacation
• among friends at VENETIAN
• SQUARE — Long Beach head-
• quarters for visitors from Can-
• ada! Everything here for your
• pleasure — heated pool — mod-
• em Coffee Shop — entertain-
• ment in Colorful Lanai! Fish, play
• golf, take boat trips or motor to
• nearby Disneyland, Marineland,
• Hollywood and other points of
• interest.
/ * 'f£y
Era Passes Unnoticed as
CPR Cuts Ferry Service
Outside the ugly ochre-
colored terminal with the big
clock were the usual ranks of
Yellow Cabs pretending it was
just another day.
But it wasn't. The cabs
waiting attendance on the
Canadian Pacific's 35-year-old
Pier B-C at the foot of Gran
ville were collecting fares from
the liner Himalaya, berthed on
the west side of the two-
pronged dock.
The east side — the side
used by the Princess of Nanaimo and the Princess Elaine
was oddly deserted. Work
men already had begun to tear
down the ramps which long
ago bore aloft silk from the
Pacific-plying Empress ships,
and, until today, carried passengers and cars to and from
the gulf,- crossing Princess
A handful of people kicked
aimlessly around the waiting
room. A man stamped out a
metal identification disc from
a coin machine. A coin-operated
shooting gallery had no business. Neither did the passport
picture machine, nor the icecream bar machine, nor the
pop machine.
The gate to the balcony
which led generations of British Columbians to their island-
mainland ferry wore a closed
If death of an historic ferry
service has a smell, it is the
smell of washrooms that
haven't got people to wash
That, on this first of October, was the CPR's B-C
terminus, whose part in the
cross-gulf ferry service ended
overnight without a whimper.
While her deep-sea retunda
in the centre of the building
will continue full operations,
her ferry retunda on the east
side will be no more than a
ticket office for the Princess
of Vancouver, whose home is
at another pier.
The end came with the arrival and departure of the
Elaine and the Nanaimo, only
fractionally filled, on their
last Nanaimo-Vancouver voyages. They're in Victoria today
with for sale signs on them.
They're out of service because
the CPR says they've been
losing   too   much   money   in
competition with the B.C. gov
ernment ferries.
Three hundred yards east of
Pier B-C, at the CPR's newer
$1 million-plus Pier A-3, the
last surviving CPR passenger
link with the island, the
Princess of Vancouver, continues to ply its Nanaimo
path. She left at dawn with
six cars, 24 passengers, as
though to prove there's
something to the CPR poor
Shortly before noon, Captain
James Gillison, assistant
superintendent of the CPR's
B.C. Coast Service, walked
down the long balcony of Pier
C, through tunnels of flaking
plaster, past crow-bar wielding
workmen, and on to the platform where passengers formerly embarked and disembarked.
"The last ship took the gang-
way with her," he said morosely. "I saw the Victoria night
boats go and now these have
gone.    What the hell's left?"
The CPR's Nanaimo service
began in 1907. There were
only two cars in Vancouver
then. But if they wanted to
go to Nanaimo, they had to
give two days' notice, then be
lashed on deck for the gulf
The Nanaimo service never
had the romance of the Victoria run. It was never the
bargain ocean cruise, the
honeymoon special, the "other
club"  of  politicians,  wheeler-
dealers, gamblers, gilded,
ladies of the stage. But the
Elaine, especially, had known|
A three-funnel job, built in
the late '20s when three-funnels were the rage, she went
with oysters on the half shell,
string bands, consomme on
deck. The Nanaimo, built as
recently as 1951, was a lot bigger (and, no flapper, she car-,
ried but one funnel) and perhaps not quite as much fun.
Where do they go from
here? Perhaps Greece, to ply
the Aegean Islands, like some
of their predecessors. Their
200 employees? The CPR
says it hopes to absorb some,
expects the government service to take on many of the
As for old Pier C, once
stripped of her coast ferry
trappings she will become just
another standard Burrard Inlet pier — taking on liners,
freighters, most anything that
comes along.
The last run of the Elaine
and the Nanaimo went almost
The only wake was the one,
that spewed from their sterns.
.urance system as a whole.
This is that the division of
people into financial classes
with different rights and privileges is anti-social and politically cockeyed.
In practice, however, it certainly relieves the finances of
the system to have a substantial number of people who can
afford to do so paying a minimum portion of their own
doctor bills.
The category B people themselves are certainly glad to be
able to choose their own doctors. Certainly the doctors
themselves are delighted to
maintain a large measure of
private practice, at a price.
I haven't found one of them
who seems able to understand
why American doctors' organizations are so violently opposed to socialized medicine.
"If socialism—which
it is not—then give me Communism," a big Copenhagen
specialist said.
"What your people don't
seem to understand is that
the doctors of Denmark,
Sweden and Norway have
never    sacrificed    their    pro-
some glasses in The Sun
Want Ads—if I could see
to read them!"
Dead Driver
SOINTULA (Staff)—Police
have identified the victim of
an apparent suicide here as
Robert Tarkanen.
Tarkanen, 23, died Saturday
when his speeding car shot 50
feet out into the water off the
dock at this fishing village on
Malcolm Island, 200 miles
northwest of Vancouver.
Police said Tarkanen was a
local man, whose parents, wife
and baby girl all live in Soin-
Inquest will be held Saturday at Alert Bay.
Now Thin
OTTAWA (CP)— More than
a third of Canada's total population of 18,238,247 at June 1,
1962, was under 15 years of
age, the bureau of statistics
New census figures issued by
the bureau show that the
number of persons under 15 increased by nearly two million
in the 1951-61 period, rising to
6,191,922 from 4,250,717.
Persons under 15 formed 34
per cent df the country's total
population, compared with 30
per cent 10 years earlier.
Children from 10 to 14 accounted for the greatest part of
this increase, rising by 725,216.
The extreme increase in this
age group reflects the high
birth rates in the 1946-51 postwar period. Ic
A healthy duckbill platypus
can devour 800 earthworms, a
handful of grubs and a dozen
crayfish at a single meal.
■ A U.S. float plane w
ran out of fuel over Geo]
made a forced landing off
An RCAF Otter from
to the Cessna 180, which \
to Vancouver.
Search and rescue he
said the Cessna continue
later left for Seattle. Na
not known.
 V  i
Ferry Cuts Demand Answers 1?*"?'
The reduction of CPR ferry service
between Vancouver and Victoria is
unquestionably a blow, especially to
Victoria. But it's needful to ask whether
the blow is serious enough to justify the
display of emotion in the legislature and
Coastal transportation has been in
transition for a number of years.
It looks somewhat as if the provincial
government was aware of the CPR's
intentions months ago. The plan for a
government ferry service, announced in
the middle of the Black Ball and CP ferry
strikes last year, now begins to make some
sense. It didn't then.
But the government has been caught
with its plans mostly still on paper. It
won't be ready to launch its ferries until
next year.
The CP's service reductions start
February 25 this year. A great many
questions, some old, some new, arise out
of this situation.
First, how necessary is the service
which the CP proposes to cut?
The company claims it is losing hundreds of thousands of dollars. Over a
few years its patronage has been halved.
Today, it says, the TCA air ferry carries
more people every day than its Princesses
There's the added competition of Black
Ball on the Nanaimo run—and of its own
ferry service to Nanaimo, with faster,
more modern ships than ply the Victoria-
Seattle-Vancouver triangle.
Looking ahead to 1960 there's the
prospect of competition from the government.
The company must have foreseen much
of this years ago. It has fostered the
public trend to favor the Nanaimo ferry
with its facility for quick road transport
to all parts of Vancouver Island —
including Victoria.
It has had its reasons no doubt for
neglecting to modernize the direct Victoria
service. The travelling public has had its
reason to prefer the airlift or the fast
Nanaimo service even while sentimentalizing over the Princesses.
But the pertinent question of the
moment is how real is the immediate
threat to island-mainland communications.
If it is bad, quick action is essential.
It has been suggested the company is
bluffing to get higher fares or a subsidy.
But there seems no point in higher fares
if the present fares don't attract enough
Subsidy is bad in principle. Only as an
emergency measure is it to be considered.
This raises more awkward questions.
Who pays the subsidy? Ottawa says it's
none of its business.
And if the private company can't do
without a subsidy, how can a provincial
jerry service pay its way without one?
fell wounded, killed their assailant, James A. Lewis, 44.
Dr. Theodore R. Failmezgar,
54, called deputies to Lewis'
luxurious home when Lewis
shouted threats.
Lewis, nude and yelling, appeared as soon as the three entered and opened fire with a
snub-nozed revolver.
Failmezgar was killed instantly. Deputy Armand Tet-
rault, 45, was shot in the chest,
neck and shoulder. Deputy
Hal D. Ward, 44, got a bullet
through the left wrist.
Big Wheat Surplus
PERTH (Reuters) —Australia
wi 1 have a wheat export surplus of about 130,000,000 bushels this year, Primary Industries Minister C. F. Adermann
said here.
a striking iorce~ capable oi nit-
ting ground targets with nuclear weapons.
Labor MP Dies
(Reuters) — Henry George
McGhee, 60 - year - old SLabor
member of Parliament for
Penistone, Yorkshire, died of
a heart attack.
the nine-day tournament.
Italy, the U.S. and Argentina
are engaged' in the round-
robin event.
Mississippi State Highway
12, which winds north and east
of Columbus, was in 1817 the
Andrew Jackson Mi 1 itary
Highway, the first public highway financed by Congressional appropriation.
and amazing power and clarity of the new tiny
You've never heard anything like it. Before you buy a hearing
aid try Radioear. In our 40 years as hearing aid consultants we
have NEVER, NO NEVER, had anything to equal It.
"Hearing Is Believing"
437 Seymour St., Vancouver
MU 1-3628
 up in Victoria and Nanaimo. Ships berthed in Van- Patricia and Joan.  Strike is in third week. — Bill
couver are   (from  left)   Princesses  Louise,  Elaine, Dennett photo from B.C. Aero Club floatplane.
 Chief Edward Renouf, of Montreal, left, and Mrs
here for conference, first in Canada.—Bower photo.
Vancouver-NanaiiHG Boat
to Be'Launched in
October «Xs* a-
___, {7
Eighty Percent Completion
Reported by Clyde . .
VICTORIA, Sept. 8.—Substantial
.progress has been made with the
building- at the yards of John Brown
& Co., Ltd., of the new ferry steam-
erS... for X\e Vancouver-Nahaimo
route on behalf of the Canadian
Pacific. Railway British Columbia
coast steamship  service.
According to the periodical report
just received from-, the contractors
by Captain'J. W. Troup, manager of
the service, it will be practical to
launch the vessel in October. This
event will be organized by the Canadian Pacific Railway representatives in London, after consultation
with Montreal, and it is expected
the company will send its representatives to Clydebank for that
purpose next month.
Structural work on the hull has
been: moving steaSdily at the Clyde-
bank yards during, the last few
-months, eighty percent of the shop
work being done, and the internal
steel work practically completed.
The vessel will be delivered here
early next spring for service in the
trans-gulf route, providing special
accommodation for motor traffic,
the intention being to have it ready
for the tourist travel of  1928.
John Brown & Co. built and cn-
gined the Princess Kathleen and
Princess Marguerite, delivered in
1925 for the triangular run. The
new ship being smaller, it is not
thought wise to risk the Atlantic
gales such as buffeted the Kathleen in her journey to this coast
during January,   1925. -
Fonck   Flight  Abandoned
as Navy Recalls
Boston   and   Philadelphia
Cancel Awards for
Atlantic Hops
(Continued from  Page 1)
The message was from the naval
department at Ottawa, with instructions that it be transmitted to
the local agent of the marine and
fisheries department for broadcasting to government wireless stations
and steamers.
'NEW YORK, Sept. 9.—01d Glory
and Sir John Carling, the most recent planes to try the Atlantic
crossing, were definitely labelled-
"lost" today and their disappearance marked a sharp break in public
enthusiasm for long distance ocean
The navy recalled Lieut. Lawrence
Curtin from his leave of absence to
fly with Rene Fonck, and Fonck
acknowledged his flight would probably not be made this year without
"Doc" Kinkade, Wright motor expert, left London for America saying he had refused to give Charles
A. Levine a certificate of airworthiness and that a westward flight at
 >..     AUGUST  19,   1933
iH com
Changes in the Vancouver-Nanaimo
sailings of the B. C. Coast Steamship
service and alterations in the Esqui-
malt & Nanaimo Railway's schedules
make  connections  daily  at  Nanaimo
for both Victoria and Courtenay, are
announced by  the  Canadian  Pacific
Railway, whose new fall and winter
schedule will take effect Sept. 5.
Present   summer   service   between
Vancouver    and   Newcastle   Island
and  Nanaimo will  continue up to
and   including   Monday,    Sept.    4,
Labor   Day,   and   after   that   date
service    between    Vancouver    and
Newcastle   Island   will   be   discontinued.
Under the new schedule, SS. Princess Elaine will leave Nanaimo dally,
including Sunday, 7 a.m., arrive Vancouver 9:30 a.m.; leave Vancouver 10
ajn.; arrive Nanaimo 12:30 p.m.;
leave Nanaimo 2:15 p.m.; arrive Vancouver 4:45 p.m.; leave Vancouver
5:45 p.m.; arrive Nanaimo 8:15 p.m.
Extra service from Sept 9 to Oct.
1. will be provided Saturdays and
Sundays by SS. Princess Joan and
SS. Princess Elizabeth, leaving Vancouver 2 p.m.; arriving Nanaimo 4:30
p.m.; leaving Nanaimo 5:45 p.m.; arriving Vancouver 8:15 p.m.
For the benefit of Vancouver Island
travelers, SS. Princess Elaine, during
the month of October will provide a
9:15 p.m. sailing Saturday from Nanaimo and. as a convenience to travelers from the Mainland, the following
sailings on Sunday: Leave Vancouver 10 a.m.; leave Nanaimo 5:45 p.m.;
leave Vancouver 8:45 p.m.
Effective after midnight Sept. 3, the
E. & N. Railway schedule between
Courtenay and Victoria will be altered
in line with the changes in the Vancouver-Nanaimo service. The new
train schedule will pnovide a 45-min-
ute transfer at Nanaimo from the
Vancouver boat arriving Nanaimo
12:30 pjn. to the northbound train
leaving Nanaimo at 1:15 p.m. for,
Courtenay and an hour's transfer to
the southbound train leaving Nanaimo
at 1:30 p.m. for Victoria.
•*- Millions of dollars in royalties are paid to|
composers of music. Have you ever composed a song, theme or selection? Why not
have your composition published. Complete
service including publication at a very nominal
cost. Composers Service Bureau, Vancouver
Sun Publishing Co., 125 West Pender St.,
Studio  1182  Robson.    Doug.  1989R.
CAN. TEACH   YOU   TO   DANCE   in   1   or   2
lessons.  Private Instiuction. Sey.  34 76.
rOHN BARTHOLOMEW _: SON,  Antiques and
works ol art. 3070 Granville. Bay.  8751.
fishermen   Attention—Fresh  worms delivered
C. Woods.  1900 W.  9th Ave.    Bay.  2616.
steam il permanent. Individually molded. Vancouver's newest and smartest
beauty salon.       NOT _   SCHOOL.
The CJMART C[ET     437 W. Hasting.
IO _> Trin.   4040.
flj-l Qjr SPECIAL, reg. S'7.50 Combination
IpX.i/O Oil Wave: Marcels 25c; Finger-
waves 25c. Work done by experts, guaranteed
Society.  751  Granville,    .m.   408   Sey.   7569.
«P-_.._:_>. lar $5 guaranteed steam oil permanent, complete. American Beauty Shoppe.
411 W. Hastings (over Owl Drug). Sey. 3704
QA„—PERMANENT   WAVES,   Finger   Waves
""l'     25o. Water Waves '/5c. Haircuts 25c
ANNEX — Maison Henri Ltd. —    i NNEX
Entrance,   556   Granville  St.     ■"•
(£.-, npr—Special Cluster Bob or Croquig-
«pl.«7e.) nole Push Wave. Broadway Beauty
Shop,   1517   W    Broanway.   Bay.   1518
iy rtp?—Steam Permanent Wave,  2  weeks'
special;    oldest established in city
Mme.   Humphreys,   1017   Robson   Trin    5600
«J>X.,-fc't_)     piete.     New York Beauty Shoppe,\
581 Granville.    Sey. 338.    Expert Marcelling,|
(£-J >jK—Beautiful Permanent Wave, com-
-PJ-^'ic) plete with finger wave. Rene Wave
Shop (over Heiman's) 626 Gran. Sey 4983.
A £T—LOS ANGELES Beauty Shoppe]
^fct.) Permanent wave com Sey. 108
135 Hastings W.    next to Woodward's,  upstairs
DOMINION WAVE SHOP—$7.50 Permanent
now reduced to $2.50, complete. Sey. 7713
(J»-l   QK—Standard Steam Wav* Shop.  102;
Standard Bank Bldg     Sey. 6560J
()J-|   pr A PERM.—Royal Beauty Shoppe, 511
^PX-Pl.   Granville (over Homers). Sey. 6052
Cluster   Bob   Special!   $2.50.   Court   House
Beauty  Parlor,   848  Robson.   Sey.   2974
of discretion. 2137 W. 4th Ave. Bay. 5499
HPHOMPSON   —   BINNINGTON   —   Bailiffs.
Jl   Prompt  and efficient service.   626  Pender 1
St.   West.  Sey.  3274.	
—*_jrps*rf»_tt____ Cunningham—Reliable bailiffs. J
 20 THE VANCOUVER PROVINCE, Thursdoy, April 23, 1953
New Island Vessel
Constructed for Job
Canadian Pacific's new west coast ship may never
acquire the color of its predecessor—the famed old
Princess Maquinna—but what it lacks in this regard it
more than makes up in sturdiness.
The 148-foot replacement vessel is now in Victoria
Machinery Depot yards in Victoria where she is to be
converted for the specific job she'll undertake for her
new owner.
Then it's off to Port Al-
I berni on the west coast of
j Vancouver Island, where she
will be based for the Canadian Pacific's resumed Vancouver-west coast passenger
. And when, in a few weeks,,
the vessel makes its first trip,
west  coast  folks  will  see   a
|   tough little craft which was
i   actually  built for  this  aype
1   of job . . . long before Canadian Pacific bought her.
She is now named the
Pomare, will be renamed
Princess of Alberni. The new
vessel was purchased from
Mexican owners, who acquired her at end of World
War Two.
The Pompare was built in
San Francisco in 1944 for the
United States Army and used
as    a    supply    ship    serving
Allied military  bases in  the
!   Aleutian Islands.    It had to
!   be tough to take the kind of
treatment meted out to it in
that service, and so was built
i   of timbers so stout it might
well have doubled as a tough
1      And  so  the  rigors  of the
/  west   coast   should   hold   no
\  terrors for this newcomer to
]   the British Columbia marine
! Capt. O. J. Williams, B.C.
Coast . Steamship manager,
j told us in Victoria Tuesday
; the new ship's sister ship has
, been carrying on in this serv-
1   ice for several months.
That vessel is the Vanvou-
i ver-owned Veta C, which the
| Canadian Pacific has been
i operating on charter until a
j  new   and   permanent   vessel
could be bought.
I It was not entirely a coincidence that the vessel
finally selected for the job
after a lengthy search should
turn out to be the Veta Cs
"Eight of these ships were
built for the Aleutian job,
and every single one turned
out to be a success," said
Capt. Williams.
". The new ship is beamy—4o
stand plenty of weather—and
when its conversion work is
ended will have accommodation for 25 day passengers
and six overnight passengers.
In her engineroom is a
1000 h.p. diesel engine,/ and
still on the stern is a towing
winch. It's a pretty good ship
which can perform as it does
. . . and tow a 2000-ton hull
as well, if needed,, said Capt.
As for the Princess Maquinna, the ship which served
the west coast for nearly 40
years, her role in retirement
now is that of an ore barge
operating between Alaska
and Vancouver behind a tug.
Her bell hangs in a place of
honor in Mission to Seamen
quarters on the Vancouver
HE VANCOUVER PROVINCE, Thursday, April 23, 1953
f in May
advocated in B.C. submissions
to the Board of Transport Commissioners," said a spokesman
for the transportation and customs bureau.
rican Oil
» Dividend
_h American Oil Co. Ltd.,
7V2 cents a share for the
f five cents from previous
a new high of 2,000,000,000
barrels, almost one-third higher
than in 1951, with gas reserves
50 percent higher at 10,500,000,-
.00,000 cubic feet."
Canadian Western Lumber
that the Company's register of
transfers, maintained at the office of tne National Trust Company, Limited in the City of
Vancouver, and the Company's
branch registers of transfers,
maintained at the offices of the
National Trust Company, Limited in the Cities of Toronto and
Montreal and at the office of
The Bi itish Empire Trust Company, Limited in London, England, will be closed from and
after tl'e close of business on
Friday, the 24th day of April,
1953, up to and including the
close of business on Saturday,
the 9th day of May. 1953.
DATED at Vancouver, B.C.,
this 13th day of April, 1953.
By order of the Board.
W.   A.  WALKER,
We   flOWEIJ,
C. H. Jackson, president of
Atlas Asbestos Co. Ltd., announces the appointment of
W. S. Cowell, formerly general sales manager to vice-
president of sales.
;ceived by the undersigned
7th, 1953, for the concession
g Room in the Whytecliff
.   the Municipality of West
ly be obtained upon enquiry
Ambleside Park, West Van-
of 3 to 5 years with seasonal
er offers, will be considered.
necessarily accepted.
Parks Board Secretary.
AAUnrnnni _h ■*
 DECEMBER 1, 1908.
Canadian Company Files New
Export and Import
(Special to the Times).
Chicago, 111., Dec. 1.—The Canadian
Pacific railway is making a strenuous
effort to capture the lion's share of
the export traffic from the States to
the Orient, with every prospect of success. This road has filed a new export
and import tariff with the intertsate
commerce commission which will become effective on December 4th, and
which practically maintains the old
shedule of rates. AH the other transcontinental lines recently filed tariffs
which principally were made up of domestic rates- to the Pacific coast plus
the ocean rates from there to China,
Japan and the Philippines. This action •
was taken by the majority of the transcontinental roads because of the decision by the commission that the inland proportions of the Oriental
freight rates must be shown in tariffs.
The railroads objected to this because
they feared the effect upon their do-
mestice business if the shippers generally knew what low inland proportional rates were being applied to Oriental export and import traffic.
 FIVE. ACRES, .    .
Mount Tolmie Road.
New car, line .to University  school
passes the-property.
Alt good land,   .
Has 2 old houses, on the place,
And is assessed for $3,300.
Worth $6,000,
And just  about  thrown  away   :
AT $3,500
About half cash.
625 Fort Street
the men a;
ish  cruisej
Amendments Asked to Existing
The executive of the B.' C. Union of
Municipalities had an interview with
Attorney-General Bowser this morning and had an appointment to return
at 3 o'clock to discuss further with
him the amendments which they are
asking to the municipal legislation at
the approaching session.
At half-past one the executive held
a meeting in. the mayor's office at the
'\eity.hall   and   considered    some    pro
  ►©♦©♦©♦©♦CH'O^O^O^O*- *♦*♦♦♦♦♦
ible for money, and are ready
profit. We have had a large
id it will pay you to call on us.
The regular sailing of the
"Princess Norah" from Vancouver Friday, January 22,
has been postponed until
Thursday, January 28, and an
extra sailing from Vancouver
Monday, January 18, has been
arranged. See your local ticket
agent for full information.
y-rj.*, .   fji     *fttf
^'"^^ QNE of the best
known medical
men in the United
States was Dr. R.
V. Pierce of Buffalo, New York,
who was born on
a farm in Pa, He
noted daily in his
medical career that
many of his prescriptions prepared from roots,
barks, and herbs, such as "Golden Medical
Discovery," produced astonishing results.
ire early founded a Clinic and Hospital in
Buffalo. N. Y. Advice by letter is free.
Br. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery is
an herbal extract which eliminates poisons
from the intestines and tones up the digestive
system. Pimples and blotches caused by faulty
elimination disappear and you feel the tonic
and strengthening effect of this well tried
medicine.  Ask. your Druggist now I  Tablets
50 cents, liquid $1.00 and $1.35.
A Delightful Cruise
Up the
New Westminster
Tuesday, July 24
Leaves Pier D, 1:30 p.m.
Arrives New Westminster
5:30  p.m.
Fare: $1.00 Return
Return by B. G. Electric trains
or motor busses (Fare included)
An Opportunity to See the
Salmon Fishing Fleet on the
 "Whatever we high co____l__ionersfSCar»\
gained In status, It Is In a large meas
ure due to Mr. Larkln."
Mr. Motherwell said it was some
times averred that If less or no finan
cial assistance were given by Canadi
towards migration, more Britons migh
be disposed to go on their own, espe
cially if the general ocean rates weri
somewhat lowered. With the recent!;
amended medical regulations, a free:
movement of Britons might be anticipated, he added. Meanwhile the thrifti
piard-working Europeans would con
tinue to flow Into Canada and so Ions
as they come from the hardy northen
countries, Mr. Motherwell saw no n^sc
to worry about their good citizenshij
and allegiance.
The British Government's emigre-
tion policy was not a "device for getting
rid of the unemployed," said Col
Amery. The British Government believed in the policy of co-operation ii
giving opportunities to likely and willing migrants. Even if the migrant
from the British Isles were a little less
tractable for a few weeks, than othej
nationalities, they were likely to prov«
the best in the long run.
Col. Amery therefore asked that th
doors   be  opened  wider    without  toi
many minor restrictions so long as thi
rinciple was observed that no persoi
 *        t
Waterfront highway needs overheads
J£*^   * y f?SC
by Mermen Hacking
Province Marine Editor
Completion of a waterfront highway,
north of the CPR tracks, advocated by
assistant port manager F. W. G. Sergdht
to town planning commission Thursday,
is dependent upon construction of at least
two overhead links.
At present there is no road link from
the foot of Granville to the foot of Carrall,
/an area occupied by the CPR sheds.
Possible solution of this problem would
be the extension of the present overhead
ramp eastward from Granville.
•     * • *
B.C. Sugar Refinery, foot of Rogers, where
the buildings are flush with the railway
Mr. Sergant believes the only way to
solVe the problem would be to arcade a
portion of the plant, or to build another
overhead ramp.
A meeting will be called shortly by
Mr. Sergant to discuss the whole subject
of waterfront approaches.
Those attending will include representatives of the CPR, Great Northern Railway,
city planning authorities, Fire Chief Hugh
Bird, and transportation and customs
bureau of the Board of Trade.
Largest private property holder on the
waterfront is the CPR which already owns
several miles of private roadway. Mr.
Sergant has been assured of co-operation
from railway officials.
Present plans, as outlined by Mr. Sergant, call for a road that would be available for fire protection and emergency,
rather than a through highway, which
might be exorbitant in cost.
* * *
HIS VIEWS ARE ENDORSED enthusiastically by Fire Chief Hugh Bird who has
long stressed the danger of a waterfront
disaster through lack of adequate access.
"It's a good sign that the harbor board
seem to be waking up to their responsibilities," he said.
As an example of the ever-present
danger, he cited the fire Wednesday at
Evans Coleman & Evans pier, which might
have spread unhindered, if fire equipment
had been unable to cross the tracks.
Aid. George Cunningham praised the
efforts of the harbors board, and said he
saw it as the start of a possible future
freeway connecting Lion's Gate Bridge
with the eastern boundary of the city.
"It is absolutely vital that we plan for
either a freeway, or in.the distant future,
a subway," he said.
road from the foot of Cardero to the foot
of Granville, which would have to be included in the proposed plan.
Permission would also have to be secured from Great Northern Railway to run
a road through their property at the foot
of Campbell.
From the foot of Salsbury to the Second
Narrows bridge, a good portion of the
waterfront is already well served by road.
NDAY MIDNIGHT a chucking
AND  ALL   WEEK Sl'mpSe 0< the paSt " '
a laughing look at the present a
and a howlarious peek at the       ^
WEE ...
Bill Trav ersjfevK
Norah Gorsen K.
Last   Day   "GABY"
"23  PACES   TO
Show •
Starts S
9:30   f
MAIN   AI   BROADWAY ♦   EM  0933
In  Cinemascope Color  •   Cont.  12 Noon
Tyrone Power - Susan Hayward "RAWHIDE" Color
•«. Cinemascope
GRANVILLE  AT  12TH    •     CE   2622
CONT.   FROM   2   P.M.
In VistaVislon _ Color • Cont. from 1:30 p.m.
BING   CROSBY   -   MITZI   GAYNOR " A kl VT U kl f     _"*rtlIC"
4012   E.   HASTINGS
In Cinemascope Color • First SHow  . p.m.
Betty Groble - The Champions "3 FOR THE SHOW"	
635  W.   Broadway
EM   951S
Want a job?  Province Want Ads
/jjfc* iq.QQ**^ j/^
1942        mat        1942
< .
'4  |
1     ,1
_ :_
 Panorama of {he Islands
A scene in the Gulf Islands—soon to be enlivened once more by their summer quota of recreation
seekers. usuing ~ wnenever~ Tie
a chance, found a. deep,
.-covered pool in the Black-
r River, nine miles upstream
i the telegraph station at the
je. There he hooked and
;d a dozen fine rainbows,
jtging two pounds. A number
Joljy Vardens were observed
hat occasion and, planning to
~a, Marsh made a mental note
leir size, one in particular, he
:ed, being exceptionally large,
najly the opportunity occur-
In company with Sim John-
of Lillooet, Mr. Marsh re-
id to his secluded pool. To
i it meant a drive of forty-
! miles by a fairly good road
le Blaekwater station; seven
s of cold-sober driving over
aarrow Kluskus trail, then a
mile walk down the precipi-
Blackwater hills to a point
e the stream pours through a
i rock canyon, not more than
feet wide,
ere  are  as  big  fish  in  the
below  the  canyon  as  ever
caught  in  the  Blaekwater.
Marsh and his companion,
ing on a log, discovered a pool
_iich cavorted rainbows and
' Vardens of a size often
1 of hut rarely seen.
pm a precarious rock ledge,
^e feet above the foam-covered
Marsh cast an enticing spoon.
srses," exclaimed Marsh in a
j>er to Sim, nearby, "I've
sd a sunken log."
itiously he tugged to release
fouled spoon. Presently the
tiction gave way and the line
sned. Reeling in Marsh drew
e surface, not a log, but the
1st live fish he had ever seen
een pounds, he estimated. A
:h Dolly, half a foot in width
a 6-inch tail spread, fat and
"   ■   a. ■      ;   ■■
A glance at this perfect specimen of a Steelhead is all that is needed to understand the fevens,
-which overtakes anglers and prompts them to leave their homes with the pale light of dawn.,
notable fish was caught in the Vedder River by two   city   enthusiasts.    Steelhead   are   eons
among the finest sporting trout.
Johnson secured it. But, returning,
he slipped, staggered to regain his
balance, and the iron fell to the
stream below.
Johnson fashioned another from
the biggest hook in his kit while
Marsh, later, led the Dolly to
where he could reach. But Johnson's bad luck held. Gaffing true
he lifted the Dolly well out of the
water only to lose it a moment
later. The hook, with the sudden
weight upon it, had pulled as
straight as a tenpenny nail.
"I'll lead him up again," called
Marsh. But, alas, too late! His line
was slack. The Dolly had broken
loose from the spoon;
Hints On How to
Catch Trout
With Fly
TROUT fishing, like virtue, is
its own reward. Even to return with an empty creel is
not too discouraging when weighed
against fresh air, restful surroundings and interesting observations.
So declares a writer in the New
Sportsman's Page
T© Appear Hegnlai*
TT 7TTH the advent of spring, anglers in all par
VV British Columbia are preparing once aga?
sally forth to their favorite haunts in quest of i
quarry. During the winter a number jft anglerSj
daunted by the elements, fished their favorite str
without complaint but the majority laid'away cree
rod until warm breezes issued a call to lake and riv
Due to the intense interest in various types of i
fishing in British Columbia, the great publicity val
angling to this province and the gradually incres
movement for a comprehensive restocking plan,
Province will publish periodically a page devoted t<
popular pastime. Shooting, canoeing, hiking and i
outdoor pursuits will also receive attention from ti.
Suggestions regarding material for the page w
gratefully received. Should sufficient interest be
erated it is hoped to conduct an open forum in .
questions regarding fishing and other angling t<
may be discussed. Communications will be welec
 Coastwise Fleet Has
•$> ®
Kept Up With Development
Canadian Pacific Has Operated Services Twenty-
seven Years.
Many Famous Ships Were
In the Group When M
Was Bought* <pA/
THE story of the Canadian Pacific Coastwise SS. Services
Ltd., is an integral and important part of the history of British Columbia. As the province expanded, so expanded the fleet,
abreast or ahead of the country's
development. Today its vessels include the finest and fastest vessels
in the world, in the steamships
Princess Kathleen and Princess Marguerite.
In twenty-seven years the tonnage
has Increased. 400 per cent., ana the
services have been extended to cover
all parts of the coast. Where 50,000
and 60,000 passengers was a big total
carriage for a year, previous to 1900,
the average is now in the neighborhood
of the three-quarter million mark.
STARTED IN 1883. •
The C.P.C.SS.S. was originally the
Canadian Pacific Navigation Co. formed
on January 6, 1883, with Commodore
John Irving, R. P. Rithet, William
Spring, P. McQuade, M. W. T. f)rake,
William Charles and Alex. Munroe at
the head. They had the following
R. P. Rithet, 297 tons; Princess
Louise, 271 tons; William Irving, 276
tons; Western Slope, 272 tons; Enterprise, 328 tons; Reliance, 244 tons;
Otter, 383 tons; Maude, 322 tons; Gertrude, 297 tons; Yosemite, 304 tons.
In the ensuing seventeen years the
company carried on active business and
developed to a certain extent to the
time they sold out to the Canadian
Pacific Railway in 1900. At that time
they were operating the Islander,
Charmer, Danube (now Victoria of
Alaska SS. Co., Seattle), Tees (now
Salvage Queen of Victoria), R. P.
Rithet, Transfer, Beaver, Amur, Yosemite, Princess Louise, Queen City,
Maude and Willapa. The R. P. Rithet,
Transfer and Beaver were stern wheelers; the Yosemite and Princess Louise
were sidewheelers.
The services were: Three trips weekly, Victoria to New Westminster, by the
steamer R. P. Rithet in summer, and
steamer Princess Louise in winter; the
Charmer was the daily ship from Vancouver to Victoria; the Transfer ran
daily betjveen New Westminster and
Steveston, making two trips on market
days with Ladner the chief port of call;
the Beaver, now a ferryboat on the
Fraser, ran between New Westminster
and Chilliwack; . the Islander and the
Danube were on the Skagway run; the
Princess May, ex-Hating, ran to' Alaska;
SS. Amur freighted to the northern
coast; the Tees made the run on the
west coast of Vancouver Island.
The R. P. Rithet is gone; the Princess
Louise reverted to a hulk and finally
was wrecked; the Transfer has vanished; the Amur Is now the coast
freighter Famous; the Princess May is
on a fruit run between New York and
the West Indies; the Islander was lost
in Alaskan waters and hundreds of
passengers perished; the Charmer, ex-
Premier, one of the most historic vessels of the coast, built in 1886, is still
a well-found, seaworthy and serviceable
The Canadian Pacific Railway bought
the Canadian Pacific Navigation fleet,
obtaining 10,097 gross tons of shipping. Today the tonnage of the fleet is
45,000 gross. In 1904 the passenger
business totalled 62,000; In 1924 it was
more than 700,000.
Expansion of the fleet commenced in
1903 when the steamer Princess Victoria was built. She was by far the
largest, finest and fastest passenger
liner on the Pacific Coast, and some
predicted she would be a costly "white
elephant." But her success was so immediate and marked that five years
later her sister ship was built—SS.
princess   Charlotte.     For   years,   until
to      Race
"«.._JT    TJ'a..
on their voyages to the Orient.
the arrival of the Princesses Marguerite
and Kathleen, they were the queens of
traffic on the triangle run, Vancouver
to Victoria to Seattle.
Today the ships of the fleet serve
the Yukon, Alaska, all the British Columbia mainland, the Gulf Islands, all
of Vancouver Island, Seattle, carrying
passengers, cargoes, mails, on set schedules as rigid almost as railway timetables. The organization Is one of the
most perfect steamship bodies, with a
personnel including some of the best
master mariners and engineers In. the
jr Coaching
er of British Olympic
1 Is Athletic University
Coaches—Absence   of
ause of Faulty Style.
teorge, manager and chief coach
\ in the last Olympic games, and
impionships in England, Canada
with a declaration that one of
letic needs is an athletic univer-
ools for coaches in the United
hlete ascribes a greater part of
1 athlfetics to the lack of great
guide the early development of
.ration,  and to the need for a
the World that many of the British
Olympics have distinctly faulty styles,
y grounded in their respective speolal-
;lt to.England of Hugh H. Baxter of the
talk with him at the A.A.A. champion-
xtei- noted with surprise that not a few
I faults which indicated that they did
iments of their specialties.
lustration is provided by Houser, the
young American, who won the discus-
throwing and shot-putting events at
the last Olympic games. He Was a
mere youth compared to many of his
rivals, but thanks to having been
taught correct methods from the start
he knew the last word in these scientific events.
"Why does America advance? Well,
would-be coaches in the United States
have a chance to make themselves proficient in their profession. The Springfield college for coaches provides this
opportunity. After a coach ha. at-
tended a course there he has had the
opportunity of studying up-to-date and
scientific athletic methods. United
States coaches have long recognized
that one way to advance Is to exchange
views, and various conferences are
held  for  this purpose. keep something up one's
sleeve does not appeal to the United
States athletic authorities. At Springfield the student has opportunities of
listening to lectures on all branches
of athletic coaching. Slow-motion pictures reveal just how famous athletes
perform in their particular event, and
these are pondered over and discussed
by old and new coaches. There is also
association, .while, a. coaciiT
;,..-■ newspaper is published at. intervals.
"All this has. resulted: in the development of a, large body of competent coaches, who are scattered over
. rarsoiivj
Now Comes the
Fore Wheel Brake
/Tl<_iii_.__<_  Ss.foi.___
f>   '?4f
X>-Qinx?    Q    PTTTsTTC!       On Trains, Boats and in
ri\l\jSU     O     V-JliINXO the Countrv. Five Cent!
the Country, Five Cents
C. P. to Remodel
Two Local Piers;
Cost $ 100,000
Work Will Start This Month; Expected
To Be Completed Before May
NEW and enlarged pier facilities for handling the vast
deepsea and coastal traffic of Canadian Pacific lines will
be completed and in use before the first rush of tourist travel
this year.
Several major contracting firms have already submitted
tenders for the work, which involves a complete remodelling
of Pier B-C.
It is expected that award will-f"
be made from the Montreal head
office before the end of January.
Work will be rushed in order to
complete the extensive changes
before the end of April.
On their visit here the King and
Queen will embark from this pier
and alterations will be complete
well before their visit.
COST IS $100,000.
So far as passenger traffic is
concerned Pier B-C will be a new
terminal when the changes
planned for the superstructure
are carried out.
Cost of the work will be approximately $100,000.
Plans on which tenders have
been made will provide amongst
other things:
^# Waiting-room space that will
be sufficient to meet the demands of both coastal and deep-
sea traffic over the pier.
2. Enlargement  of  the  present
office and waiting-room space
to cover almost one-third of the
length of the piers.
3. New entrance for coastal pas
sengers leading off the ramp
to the east side of the pier.
4., Easy covered-ramp access to
all coastal steamers.
5. Facilities for easier handling
of the extensive summer automobile ferry business.
Changes and improvements in
old Pier A, which lies west of
pier B-C are to be made. This
pier is now used for occasional
deep-sea passenger ships owing
to the burden of traffic on Pier
B-C following destruction of old
Pier D last summer.
It was definitely decided some
time ago that Pier D would not
be rebuilt in the immediate future. Plans were then prepared
for construction of adequate facilities on Pier B-C.
Grain    Board   to   Hear
Mayor's  Screening
Charges frequently made during his election campaign that
Vancouver is not getting its "just
share" of prairie grain shipments
will be carried by Mayor Lyle Telford before the board of grain
commissioners when it meets
here, probably on January 18.
At the instance of the mayor,
the board has signified its willingness to investigate the price
of grain screenings in Vancouver.
J. Raynor, secretary of the
board, wired that the board will
sit here on January 18 "if convenient." Mayor Telford replied
that he welcomed the investigation, but suggested setting th|
date about February 1 in order
to give him time to receive certain
evidence from Ottawa.
"If grain shipments from the
prairies followed their natural
economic division, Vancouver
"should be getting all the grain
/rom Alberta, and from a portion
of Saskatchewan as well," Mayor
Telford said.
"We're not getting it—not by
a long way. Private companies
are taking us for an awful ride,"
he added.
Mayor Telford   contends that
grain purchased this year by the
ent should have
—«»ent ele-
 Admits Scuffle
(AP)—George Phillips, 38, admitted Thursday, Detective-
Lieut. Ray Giese said, that he
grappled with his stepfather,
James Peters, 57, Portland,
Ore., financier, before the latter died Wednesday night. Phillips previously had claimed a
mysterious assailant felled
Saturday in
Walnut Rings
And Chocolate
Log Rolls
Lovely, six-sectioned, beautifully browned, flavored
with the zest that clings,
really popular—
2  for250
Chocolate log roll, new, a
chocolate roll with butter
cream tilling. Very nice,
found favor from the start
and is going ahead ^Aj
right along.   Each . _-Vy
Sey. 8658 Bey. 1641
S85 Granville
057 Gwsmville
* • •
Calls Retraction Dem
(By Canadian Press.)
WINNIPEG, Jan. 6.—Most
Rev. A. A. Sinnott, Roman
Catholic archbishop of Winnipeg, has released correspondence between himself and
Wilhelm Rodde, German consul for Western Canada, revealing a dispute over the arch-
bishpp's Christmas Eve med-
night sermon.
The German consul in a letter took exception to the archbishop's statement: "In Germany this year, if the people
obey their civil rulers, they
will celebrate Christmas without Christ.
"Orders to this effect have
gone out from the German
Government, to tell the people
that Yule has regained its ancient traditional character of
winter solstice rejoicing, and
that their German forefathers
celebrated Yule, which is older
than Christ and which Christendom borrowed from the Germanic prototype."
Mr. Rodde replied: "No order to the above effect has gone
out from the German Government, and, for your information, I may add that in this
year Christmas has been cele-
B "The House That Quality Built"
(While It Lasts!)
Serve Nice Young Tender Lamb for a Change
Trimmed Loins,
lb. 20<S
Legs, lb. 19.
Chops, lb. .... 18«.
Stew, lb 10^
iS^Hr. Pork Sausage £\. 2ft 25c
Rainier Rush Bargain Counter—Till 12 Noon
(GRADE "B" or
Blade, lb.
Rd.   Bon
I  Boiling: Beef,
XT m.   m   -
 fifJ-c*. . $
7yr.....7r,:.-,. .;/-V.--
Ship and shore
Alas, CP ferries
are redundant
Decision of the CPR to
reduce its Nanaimo service
to a single ferry is a sad
blow to all lovers of fine
ships. It marks the near
end of what was once the
finest coastwise passenger
fleet in the world.
The Princess of Nanaimo
and Princess Elaine will
become redundant when
they are withdrawn from
service on Oct. 1, and they
will doubtless go up for
sale. The Elaine, built in
1928 is past her prime, but
the Princess of Nanaimo is
only 11 years old and is
good for many years of
Like so many of her
pretty consorts, the Charlotte, Alice, Adelaide, Joan
and Elizabeth, she will likely pass to the Greeks for
further service in the Mediterranean.
The two magnificent
liners Princess Patricia and
Princess Marguerite will
soon be withdrawn from
the Seattle-Victoria run, and
at least one of these will
also be redundant, for only
one ship is required on that
service during a normal
tourist season.
It is possible one of them
might be rebuilt for the
Alaska tourist trade, for
the Princess Louise, built
in 1921, is nearing the end
of her days.
A major reconstruction
job would be needed to
make one of the ships suitable for the northern run,
for. at present their cabin
accommodation is limited.
The CPR 'Princess' serv-.
ice has fallen victim to a
change in travel habits, to
serious errors of judgment
on part of the management
and to unfair competition
from a highly - subsidized
government service.
The death knell was first |
sounded in 1958 when a |
strike by the Seafarers' In- f
ternational Union tied up |
the CPR Princesses for 10 §
weeks at the peak of the |
tourist season.
It was similar to the |
strike which had paralyzed |
the Union Steamships Ltd. |
fleet, and eventually killed «
that old - established com- §
pany. The public changed |
its travel habits and Pre- I
mier Bennett, exasperated |
by the near-isolation of |
Vancouver Island, organized I
the government ferry sys-1
The CPR management |
was at fault in that it failed |
to anticipate the huge in- i|
crease of motor travel. |
Their ferries were un-1
equalled for passenger com-1
fort, but they were not |
geared to handle heavy car I
They left themselves wide 1
open for an American com- |
pany to come to B.C. with si
two ancient and uncom- §
fortable ferries which were |
specifically designed to 1
high-ball the transport of |
motorists. The Black Ball |
ferries cut deeply into the |
CPR traffic on the Nanai- |
mo run, until both services |
were losing money.
The Princess of Vancouver, which will be the only !|
remaining Princess in service this winter, has consist- |i
ently made money, because f|
she was designed to handle |
automobiles and freight ||
cars. §
Her future seems to be p
assured, because she is a j§
motor-sMp with lower fuel |
costs, and the CPR can al- i|
ways guarantee her a pay §1
load of railway cars. Alas, ||
she doesn't need the passen- if
gers. •    if
to bui
Plans for a $50 mi*
mill at Kamloops are
pending granting of j
pulpwood harvesting
according to Ken "
dent of the local
3 mi]
Construction is
start immediately
lion high-rise lux)
Broadway and SHj
A local hotel
details would D
about a week,
the last piece
needed to comf
by 240-foot site
Heather betwe*
and Eighth.
has taken 2J/_
last hold-out—a
recently purcha,
It  is  understi
will include uni
not previously
ver. Included
ming pool, mu
ing,   first-class
and luxury de
The first
Pacific Great
5% per cent
bonds  has  br
able   responsf
according to I
ment houses.
The adver)
does not start)
so the orders/
give a clear /
public recepti
The issue i
million PGE
which matur)
mier Benne*
the  amount
 Case in point: Mr. Branscoi
ooters have an
jgoing to land him
j,tain's seat of the
In trap team.
Branscom not only
\ the "wrong side"
I   the   unorthodox
vie. Feet very wide
j with   a   forward
man abuses trap-
lie as written by
fut has come home
\just about every
)'e's    Vancouver's
I  haven't  met
idian southpaw
but I doubt if
\r one in Canada
An excellent wild bird shot,
Russ Young has, at one time
or another, held most of the
trap trophies in this province
and a good many outside. A
good style shot and a very deliberate one, Russ Young may
be a lefty but there's nothing
wrong with the way he swings
a  shotgun.
Over at the North Shore
Skeet Club in North Vancouver there's another Young —
no relation to Russell — in
Dave, who also comes swinging from the left side.
Not the competitive shooter
the others are, Dave Young is
nevertheless, a fine all-round
wing-shot. A good stylist
Dave might easily give Russ
a run for the money were h(
to take up competitive cla^
target shooting seriously.
Henry Rempel of Vancouve
is another who throws she
from the port side.
Not a young man by an;
means, Rempel has been u
and down in scores this yeai
but all in all lias quite a col
lection of silverware to prov^
his ability as a scattergur
artist over the years.
In memory, I have the re-
collection of my father whd,
was one of the fastest and
deadliest men I've ever seen
jl entries threat
anadian Derby
richest horse
'ill be the most
my years,
owned horses
be favorites at
but entries
Jolumbia, On-
itoba   will   be
jrt from the
arm of Oko-
Aldready Dia,
ock of Drum-
4y will be at
bia has the
the derby, ex-
ize money of
pOO going to
he event for
ies and colts
wince's  most
prominent entry is Major
Magic, winner of the Ascot
Derby, but B.C. will have a
good chance to repeat its
double win of last year with
any of the challenges from
Nicomekl, Fighting Hawk,
Magicworth and Bold Mister.
B.C. won both divisions when
the derby was split into two
events last year because of the
large entry, Galindo taking one
end and General C the other.
A crowd of 12,500 is expected
at the Edmonton Exhibition
Association's half-mile oval for
the 33rd running of the l1/.-
mile derby.
The race, expected to start
about 5 p.m. PDT, will be televised in the four western provinces. (In Vancouver on
This Bay in Sports
iay^s Province
lie links golf
41-42 — 83
47-47 — 94
46-44 — 90
46-45 — 91
Toby Miller
A. A. Ferguson
R.   J.   Dick
_      t rsiii=«	
48-48 — 96
48-48 — 96
GOtFER CAM© 06,67/65.68.
© 1962 by News Syndicate Co. Inc.
sail today
Five Pirate class sloops, 16-
footers first designed and built
in Germany (and believed to
Yip   t.ip   nnlv   fivp   in   ___uunla^
Princess Margaret Built for
B. C. Coast, Is Now
Laid Up.
LIVERPOOL, March 16.-—When the
new cruiser minelayer Adventure was
commissioned into the Atlantic fleet
the old Princess Margaret was placed
on the sale list and she has been there
ever since. When war broke out she
was completing on the Clyde for service on the British Columbian coast
under the Canadian Pacific Railway
and was the last word in British coastal
She and her sister the Princess
Irene were taken over and converted
into minelayers. The Irene was blown
up' at Sheerness with terrible loss of
life. Although it has always been realized that she was vulnerable to enemy
attack, the Princess Margaret proved
an exceedingly useful minelayer and
had her full share of active service,
being perhaps one of the most useful
war ships which the navy converted
from the merchant service.
The vessel is still in excellent condition, is remarkably fast and is good
for many years' service. But the Canadian. Pacific has made its own arrangements since it lost her, and has
greatly improved even on her type so
that, with the ships recently sent out
and those now building on the Clyde,
it has no use for her and do not appear
to have been tempted by the Admiralty's suggestion that it should buy
My '61 Chevy
Bel Air htop.,
1050 mis., aut.
tr., radio, WW,
TTFawn, Call
John Gannon.
*rewed he_
his great loveoTneafly"
CPR Kills^
Ferry Run
Canadian Pacific steamship
service linking Vancouver and
Victoria is dead.
The service, which ran four
months last summer as part
of the company's triangle run,
won't be resumed next summer because of insufficient
patronage, company officials
The last steamer plied
Georgia's Strait between Vancouver and Victoria in September. The company doesn't
run a winter service between
the two cities.
Company vice-president and
general manager J. N. Fraine
said the summer service was
not making money, and in
order to preserve the more
popular Seattle-Victoria portion of the triangle run, the
Vancouver-Victoria link would
not be resumed.
He would not say whether
he blamed the drop in revenue
on competition from the B.C.
government ferries which began running this year betwee:
Tsawwassen and Swartz Ba;
The vessel put out of ser
ice on the triangle run will
switched   to   the   Vancouv
Nanaimo   run,   replacing
Princess   Elaine.
A   private/
will be held/
a heart ailr
the age of!
A separa
vice will
precaution /
much stra
wife Kay/
his first i
from a
ment   b{
Miss 1
crash ij
of ma(
the way Cs
.tj <0A/.
j£SS; AS,
\ on
)rhe frig-
1 Glasgow
tail from
Y. three-
ise to
BT~$Z!£190 paid into court more
than a year ago in trust for
But, he said, he might allow
income from the money to be
used to pay rent.
The money represents
Donna's winnings on an Irish
Sweepstake ticket given to her
by her grandfather.
Lawyer David L. Youngspn
had renewed an application by
Mr. and Mrs. William J.
Aubert, 2434 King George
Highway, Surrey, to use some
of their daughter's trust fund
to buy a $13,000 house at 464
East Forty-eighth, across from
a Roman Catholic school. It is
larger than their present
rented home, which is on a
high speed thoroughfare, one
h \ $r>
. . protests CPR plan
Nanaimo Fights
CPR Ferry Cut
Downtown-to-Downtown Link
With Vancouver Called Vital
NANAIMO (Staff) — City council and chamber
of commerce directors here are girding themselves for
a battle to retain a downtown-to-downtown ferry link
with Vancouver.
First move was made Friday when Mayor Pete Maffeo
called aldermen and chamber
directors to a special meeting
to discuss Canadian Pacific's
plans to severely cut its Na-
naimo-Vancouver  service.
The group now will seek a
meeting    with    CPR    coast
steamships and provincial toll
ferries authority officials.
The CPR announced Thursday it will reduce its present
three-ship ferry fleet to one
vessel which will sail between
docks in Nanaimo and Vancouver.
Neither dock will have waiting room facilities.
Maffeo said scores of businessmen who do not use their
cars travelling between the
cities will be inconvenienced
when the curtailed service begins Oct. 1.
Questions now being put are
Will the CPR allow another
transportation company to use
its Nanaimo passenger terminal and its Pier C terminal
in Vancouver for a downtown-
to-downtown service?
If not, what will happen to
the railway's million - dollar
dock here?
Will the provincial ferry system consider taking over one
of the CPR ferries and running her from the downtown
Nanaimo terminal to Vancouver?
In Victoria, provincial ferry
system manager Monty Aldous
said the CPR announcement
had been too sudden to allow
the ferry system to evolve
plans for a downtown-to-downtown service.
"There is no thought of it
at the present time," he said,
"We have no plans to meet
with the CPR."
A CPR spokesman said no
decision has yet been made as
to what will be done with its
downtown Nanaimo dock.
Maffeo said improvements
will be needed in the other Nanaimo dock to be used by the
sole ferry on the run — which
is to be the Princess of Vancouver.
He said there is only a small
bus-type shelter at the dock
He also said the government
ferry terminal at nearby Departure Bay does not have adequate waiting-room space for
the anticipated increase in foot
passengers after Oct. 1.
Don Cunliffe, past president
of the chamber of commerce,
said the CPR had received
large grants from the federal
government to run the ferry
service and owed it to Vancouver Island residents to continue an adequate service.
Costly B
Churches today can nc
longer exist as costly monu
ments to God.
"We have no right to builo
expensive monuments to oui
faith with money that could be
spent for peoples' welfare,'
said Dr. A. R. Kretzmann, a
certified architect and pastor1
of St. Luke Lutheran, Chicago.
"In these troubled times our
churches should serve us as
simply as the pitched tents of
early pilgrims."
Dr. Kretzmann is a graduate in architectural design
from Chicago's Art Institute
He is a life member of that
organization, and the only
clergyman to be made an hon
orary member of the Church
Architectural Guild of Ameri
Yet when he thinks of thd
perfect church, he recalls thej
year 1935, and an unpaintec
shack in Nebraska in thq
midst of the depression.
"Both the pastor and hi,
congregation wore jeans be)
cause they had nothing els»
to wear," he remembers!
"Some of the young girli
didn't know what a dresi
looked like.
"Yet every morning befor
they went to whatever job
they could find, the congrega
tion met at the church to pray
and to receive their pastor'
"That church was so filled
with the glory of God yoi
could feel it long before yoJ
went in the door," says Dr
Kretzmann. "It was like j
A far cry from Nebraska o
the thirties is Sir Bas
Spence's much-publicized ce
thedral in Coventry, Englant
"To find out what thepeopl
of Coventry thought about th
cathedral, I asked a barmai
in a nearby pub," says th
cleric, who was present a
the dedication ceremonies
"She said: 'Why didn't the^
use all that money to buili
homes for our poor? We'I
never use the church but may
be it will be a good touris
"A church that doesn't serv^
the needs of its people i
worse than useless," the mini!1
ter observes.
To curtail expenses, he feel
Bishop, The
Office: 81S
837 West Had
Ship and Shore
CPR plans
to meet
The CPR Princesses, which
once ruled supreme on the
Vancouver Island ferry services, will meet the government
challenge next summer by
stepping up their Island calls
and restoring service between
Victoria and Port Angeles.
The recent government takeover of Black Ball Ferries
started rumors that the CPR
might, be forced to withdraw
from their long-established
ferry runs, but there is no intention to do so.
The Port Angeles service
was discontinued in 1957, and
the run was taken over by
Black Ball Transport's ferry
Coho. The CPR will resume
a daily return sailing on June
In order to take advantage
of greatly increased Puget
Sound traffic, due to the Century 21 Fair, the Princess
Marguerite will resume a
daily round trip between Victoria and Seattle gtarting
April 27.
The line will continue to
operate nine daily sailings between Vancouver and Nanaimo
on a slightly changed schedule.
arget shootii
big surprise is the interest ]
coming from towns and ham- 1
lets of the Cariboo country.       ]
Almost   anything   that   approaches a settlement in the  ,
Cariboo now has its one or !
two   traps   and   target   ship- .
ments from the Caldwell In-
diistries plant in North Van- '
couver this year to the interior
are up "almost 200 per cent."
The Okanagan Valley also
is booming with the sound of
shotgun fire on the ranges.
Penticton Fish and Game Club,
West Summerland Gun Club,
clubs at Kelowna and Vernon
are becoming hotbeds of regular events.
Most of the increase can be
chalked up to trapshooting.
The High-Low House sport of
skeet in 1961 will show just
about the same figures of
competition as it did last year.
Reason for this is, there's
always something "cooking"
in trapshooting.
Lower Mainland Gun Club
has tried in a way to promote
skeet with its four fields and
sponsoring the B.C. championships. But that's not enough.
To do skeet justice, there
should be much more competition. Something like telegraphic competition between
local cjubs and the Seattle Gun
Club, Tacoma Sportsmen, Lyn-
den„ or any club with a skeet
field in the Northwest that
wished to compete.
The  telegraphic is  a  very
 < ___j____-____ „._4-T,
CPR Could Quit
Island Ferry Run
A Canadian Pacific Railway
executive today indicated the
company will consider withdrawing from Vancouyer-Na-
naimo passenger service.
R. A. Emerson, CPR vice-
president, told The Sun from
Montreal it is too early to say
whether a proposed speed-up
of Black Ball service to Nanaimo would affect the CPR
But he added: "Our position
would depend on when the
additional Black Ball vessels
come into service.
"In the meantime,-we will
consider the position carefully," he said,
Emerson was referring to
Premier Bennett's announcement Friday that two new
vessels will be built for the
Nanaimo service now that the
province has taken over the
Black Ball line.
The premier said the two
Vessels will provide one-hour
service on the Nanaimo-Van-
couver run.
Emerson would not comment on the effect on CPR
revenues since the inception
of Black Ball service and the
subsequent new link between
Victoria and Vancouver, by
the government ferry service.
"I haven't the figures before me," he said.
"But I don't recall that the
(CPR) Nanaimo service has
shown any increase in recent
years," he said.
The CPR discontinued its
passenger boat service between Vancouver and Victoria
when the B.C. government
started its service between
Swartz Bay and Tsawwassen.
".., sneak attack"
thrown  up  Monday   between!
the airport and the city.
Urquhart said the Katan*
gans not only did not carry}
out the agreement but set upi
other barriers isolating Irish!
and Swedish UN camps front
the city.
Vore a Sheet
Jenkins. "He just blushed all
the time."
Said the Lancashire landlady: "Oh come on luv, don't
be shy. They are not going
to hurt you."
The two officers concentrated all their strength on
one side of the jammed bed
with a final big push and it
sprang loose, releasing the
Savard laughed, the land- \
lady laughed and the officers
went   out   "splitting   their j
sides,"   according   to   Mrs. i
"They couldn't wait to get :
back to the station to tell j
the lads," said Mrs. Jenkins, j
And the woman  grinned
sheepishly, dressed and hur-;
riedly left the, "room at th«
top" without a word.
Savard left soon after lor '■■
Mrs.    Jenkins    was    still S
laughing    long    after    the
rescue party had left. ;
"Eh! Lad, I've never seen ,
anything like it," she said, j
"It looked like a scene from j
one of them.French films," •
 ig***    The VANCOUVER SUN: Tuns., Dec. 5. 1961
CPR Forced Out
Of Island Runs?
VICTORIA (Staff) — I asked Premier Bennett
the other day if all the new government ferries, on
the hour every hour between Vancouver Island and
the mainland, would put the CPR's Vancouver-
Nanaimo service on the rocks.
The premier looked indig-     —:	
nant at such a suggestion,
said no, of course not, definitely not; why, said the premier, all the government ferries on the hour "very hour
will make more business for
the Canadian Pacific Rail-,
way ferries.
I was so astonished at this
that I couldn't think quickly
enough to ask the fast-talking premier: "How come?
When I came out of my
shock, the premier was ham-
[ mering away, making a
speech about the Columbia
River, berating Justice Minister Davie Fulton and protecting the good old USA
and his new pal, Jack Kennedy, from Ottawa attacks.
• * *
I cannot see the CPR ferries remaining '.:•. the Vancouver - Nanaimo business
too much longer. People just
will not make reservations,'
bother to learn what time the
ferries leave, when they can
catch a government ferry on
the hour, every hour, with no
The premier is adamant
that government ferries will
not enter the B.C.-Washington State business. That business, he says, will be left for
private enterprise, or for the
Washington State government.
What I think the premier
is' trying to do is force the
CPR into service between
B. C. and the states of Alaska
and Washington. I think he's
determined to have two, possibly three CPR steamships
on the direct Victoria-Seattle
run next year, to pick up
the crowds attending Century 21.
The   premier  sees   heavy
traffic between Alaska and
northern B.C., and I would
say he wants the CPR there.
•   *   •
The CPR has lost out all
along the line on this coast.
It refused to give a Victoria-
Port Angeles service. A Seattle firm came along, built a
fine ship, now does extremely
well; even in winter there
are two round trips a day.
This company feels it has a
duty in winter, after fattening on rich cream all summer.
The CPR boobed when it attempted to cut off the lower
part   of   Vancouver   Island,
wanting to funnel all travel
through Nanaimo..That plan
was doomed by the government   ferries.   Victoria-Vancouver travel simply will not
use the long way around, via
Nanaimo. Tourists will, but
not  people  in  a  hurry,  as
most of us are these days.
However,   in   saying   the
CPR boobed,  we must  not
forget that if it had entered
the  Sidney-Lower Mainland
service, the government most
likely would  nott have  put
in   the   splendid   highways
that it has for its own ferries. A government can operate on the people's money;
a private firm can not.
•    *    •
Just the same, a private
Seattle  firm,  taking  a  big
chance,, got into Victoria-Port
Angeles    service   and   has
made a financial go of it.
The  CPR   in  recent  years
hasn't taken many chances,
except manager Cyril Chapman of the Empress Hotel,
who jazzed up that dear old
lady until now it appears a
lively place.
But I must admit I was
shocked, at luncheon in the
ballroom, to find that horror of modern horrors—the
paper napkin.
 The VANCOUVER SUN: Tues., Dec. 5, 1961
Why Not Use Alcohol
To Ease Lot of Aged?
A New York professor
spoke in San Francisco recently of a chemical which
is a proved diuretic, a stimulant of gastric secretions, a
dilator of blood vessels, a
"superb" tranquillizer and in
large doses, an effective
The chemical, if you have
not guessed it, is alcohol,
and Prof. William Dock believes that it should be prescribed much more regular-
Sly in hospitals, nursing
homes and other institutions
f«r the a^ed and the sick.
• •   '•
founded prejudice against alcohol because of its abuse
by those involved in the
"urban rat race" has steered the medical profession
away from this valuable
clinical  weapon.
Many of the more dedicated temperance workers
are, in truth, prohibitionists
who are aware only of the
misery that alcohol can cause
and ignorant of its virtue
when taken in reason.
• •    •
ed that the euphoria which
alcohol brings, and which
is so dangerous for the
automobile driver, could be
most helpful for old people
with failing sense of vital
organs,    with    dying    con-
tempoiaries and  a narrowing circle of friends.
Those who throw up their
hands in horror at this way
of escaping reality should
reconsider their attitude towards , tranquillizers and
other drugs which affect our
senses and emotions.
Some Things
Are Obvious
At Glance
Saturday Review
People in the magazine
business get rather tired of
having strangers come up to
them in bars and at parties
and give free advice on
what's wrong with their publication.
Roy Alexander, editor of
Time, is no exception but,
being a man of intelligence
and wit, he has devised a
bit of oneupmanship for
such  occasions.
"It always shuts them up,"
he tells me.
When some character
starts comparing Time unfavorably with the opposition—Newsweek—he says to
the heckler, "You know, I
spotted you for a Newsweek
reader the minute you entered the room."'
 CPR coastal ships
gave proud service
Province Marine Editor
For the first time in 60
years, only one "Princess"
will be operating on this
coast this winter, the result
of the decision of the CPR
. to reduce its Nanaimo service to the Princess of Vancouver only. It would be a
tragedy if the sailings ceased
entirely, for we have had a
"Princess" service in B.C.
waters since 1879.
The first of the famed
"Princess" liners was the
sidewheel steamer Princess
Louise, the first of the name.
She was built in New York
in 1869 as the Olympia to run
between Victoria and Puget
Sound for American owners.
At that time, nearly a
century ago, she was considered a marvel of luxury, and
was said to have cost $200,-
000, which was a lot of
money in those days. She
was very staunchly built
with a hull of seasoned oak,
which kept her afloat for
more than 50 years.
In 1871, she engaged in a
steamboat war with the rival
sidewheeler North Pacific.
Ultimately both steamers advertised a trip from Victoria
to Port Townsend, with
"free transportation, free
meals, and a chromo." The
latter was a lithographed
She couldn't make money
in that sort of business and
in 1878 her owners were
glad to sell her to the Hudson's Bay Co.
At that time the Hudson's
Bay Co. operated the steamer
service across the Gulf of
Georgia from Victoria to
New Westminster and the
Olympia, soon to be renamed
Princess Louise, was considered the best ship in the
With her great walking
beam engine and luxurious
plush furnishings, she was a
familiar sight in B.C. waters
for many years, until she became so old and decrepit she
was known as the "Princess
The Hudson's Bay Co.
steamship service on this
coast dates from the advent
of the pioneer steamer
Beaver in 1835. The B.C.
coast steamship service of
the CPR is its direct successor, and so can be rightly
said to date back to 1835.
Business boomed
The steamboat business began to boom in the early
eighties with the imminent
arrival    of    the    transcon-
' tinental railway. The Hudson's Bay Co. established a
new company which practically monopolized all' the
steamship business in the
province, called the Canadian
, Pacific Navigation Co. Ltd.
• Its manager was Capt. John
'Irving, one of the most famous maritime characters on
the coast, who was also a
part owner.
Among the famous ships
built by the Canadian Pacific
'  Navigation   Co.   were   the
Charmer and the Islander,
iOth of which passed to the
;PR when they bought out
me CPN in January 1901.
fl That started a new era in
* i':eamship service on this
'. r jast. Under the aggressive
' lanagement of Capt. J. W.
j.'roup, the CPR set out to
Jjuild the finest ships that
riould be designed and built.
f The first addition to the
old CPN fleet was the Hat-
ing, which was brought out
from the China coast. She
was renamed Princess May,
and after her all the new
ships added to the company's
freight and passenger fleet
was named after a princess.
Two of the early ones
built on this coast were the
wooden-hulled Princess
Royal and Princess Beatrice,
but they were greatly excelled by the great Princess
.Victoria of 19Q3__
She was the first of the
three-funnelled beauties
which made the CPR coast
service famous and she retained her reputation for'
comfort and speed for 50
years, to become known affectionately in her old age
as the "Old Vic."
In the booming days before the First World War,
Captain Troup designed and
built new ships almost as
fast as the yards could turn
them out. Most of them became household words in
every port between Seattle
and Alaska.
Active in Greek waters
| Three of them, the Princess Charlotte, Princess Alice
and Princess Adelaide are
Still   in   active   service   in
, Greek waters. Others included the much loved Princess Mary, Princess Maquin-
ina, ill-fated Princess Sophia,
^Princess Ena and Island
• - In 1905 the CPR bought
out the Esquimau and Na-
j naimo Railway Co. and got
into the run between Vancouver  and  Nanaimo  with
I the old E. and N. steamers
i Joan and City of Nanaimo.
They were inadequate, so
in 1912 the CPR brought out
the  Princess   Patricia,   formerly   the   Clyde   steamer
Queen    Alexandra,    second
commercial    turbiner    ever
She became the speed
queen of the fleet, and often
made the run from dock to
dock, Vancouver to Nanaimo,
in two hours. It now takes
the Princess of Vancouver
about three hours to make
the same run.
The two finest ships of all
were building in Great
Britain when war broke out,
the Princess Irene and Princess Margaret. Their lives
were short for they were
commandeered by the British
Admiralty.   The Irene blew
up in 1915 off Sheerness with
terrible loss of life. These
two ships were replaced in
1925 by the Princess Kathleen and Princess Marguerite, which were to serve
in the Second World War.
The Marguerite was lost
in action in the Mediterranean, and the Kathleen
was wrecked in Alaskan
waters after the war.
The CPR coastwise service reached its peak in the
years just before the Second
World War, when there were
services to Prince Rupert
and Alaska, to the west
coast of Vancouver Island, to
the Gulf Islands, night runs
to Seattle and Victoria, a day
run to Victoria, a service to
Powell River and Comox and
a frequent Nanaimo service.
Now only one ship is left
to carry on the old tradition.
It is enough to make one
tracted nervous tension can
cause odd aches and pains—
and not just headaches. The
neck, shoulders, chest, diges
tion, abdomen all can act up
out of sympathy for our overwrought worry-mechanisms.
Sedatives sometimes help,
at least temporarily, but in
such cases the greatest relief
usually has come from successfully reassuring a patient
that nothing serious ails him.
Then he relaxes, and so do
the pains.
I try to give readers some
understanding of whatever
health    problems    they    ask
about—but I think the greatest, if I succeed, will be in
convincing people that the
most valuable single attribute
of a physician is to discover
what, if anything, is rea^y
wrong. Diagnosis is the foundation for all good medicine.
So don't try to do too much
guessing in advance. Instead,
let your doctor do the diagnosing.
(And even if those pains
aren't heart trouble, they may
well be something that can
be treated successfully. So
why go on suffering in a sea
of maybe or could-it-be?)
Can animals use weapons?
Answer: The use of weapons
(clubs, sticks, etc.) is partly
instinctive among gorillas and
chimpanzees. In a recent article in the Scientific American,
Ardiaan Kortlandt told of placing a caged tiger near a half-
grown chimpanee that had
been born in captivity and had
never seen a large beast of
prey. Almost Immediately the
chimpanzee grabbed up wooden cubes (previously placed
nearby), assumed a two-legged
position, and began to bombard the tiger vigorously.
Do elderly people like   to
peace and quiet?
Answer: Many become irked
at meaningless noise, and just
as disturbed at p r o 1 o n g e d
quietude. Dr. Ewald R. Busse,
Duke University psychiatrist,
points out that normal background noises are a bridge
with reality. Elder persons
with gradual hearing loss may
be unaware that background
noises are missing, and feel
an uneasy sense of deadhess
about them. Thus in some geriatric centres, background noises are increased rather than
Illustrated by HUBERT MATHIEU
Lucia's Father, Rearing Her on a Desert Island, Had Tried
to TeacK Her What To Do and Say if They Ever
Returned to Civilization.   But Lucia—
ONE really hasn't the
right to be surprised
at anything nowadays,
especially as regards
the conduct of young
girls. So I was entirely
to blame for being
startled when there walked into the
smoking-room of the hotel, where I
was sitting alone, a young and very
pretty girl who threw me a careless
glance, then began, apparently, to
Taken thus off my guard, I stared
at her, then looked^ around for the
cameraman, for this was down in
the moving-picture country. But
there was no camera-man. I was
about to retire when the girl extracted a pin which had been sticking
into some part of her, reassembled
again,  and remarked:
"Clothes are a great bother, aren't
they? I don't eee why people want to
wear  so many  of  them."
She shook her head'and tumbled
down a bale of insecurely fastened
ruddy hair.
"Bother:" said she impatiently. "It's
just the same with your hair. So many
silly little pins and things! I don't
know how to make  it stay.    Do you?"
"I never tried," I answered; "so
the chances arc I should make a mess
of it. If you go In the ladles' dressing-
room, the maid might fix it for you."
She ignored the advice and fastened
me with a pair of large eyes which
were of a pale but very soft shade of
grey, doubly fringed with long, black
lashes. I saw immediately, from their
expression, that I had to do with some
sort of  a  primitive.
"You look very nice." said she. "Do
you   know   my   father?"
"Thank you." I answered. "What is
your   father's   name?''
"Elliot Flske, We have just got
here from a long way off. I never saw
any people before. Father says I must
not speak to strangers, but I'm sure he
wouldn't mind my speaking to yon.'*
But T was hardly listening. Elliot
Fiske—Elliot Fiske. The name was
entirely familiar. Sometime or other
I had known one Elliot Flske. and the
vague association impressed me as
having been a pleasant one. The gfrl
interrupted   ipy   effort   at   recollection.
"What Is your name?" she asked.
"Mine is Lucia."
"And mine is Arthur Brown," I answered, at which she clapped her
Then suddenly I remembered Elliott
Fiske as one of the American art
its at Julian's paint school when
I had studied there nearly twenty-five
years ago. and one of the wildest of
that rollicking crowd. It seemed to
me also that I had heard somewhere
of his having been lost at sea.
"i'_ course," I said, and as I spoke,
himself came in. I doubt if I
should have known him. lie did not
look to have aged much, though hfs
hair and Van Dyck had whitened, but
hia handsome face was tanned and
weather-roughened as If from many
years of exposure, and had a strong,
virile Intensity of expression utterly
lacking in the Elliot Fiske whom I remembered. His body, too, gave a suggestion of splendid muscular strength.
"Here you are again!" he snapped
to Lucia. "How many times must I
tell you to keep out of the smoking-
room and not to bother strangers?'
"Hello. Fiske,"       I      interrupted,
"Where havo you been all these
He recognized me at once. Then
some woman acquaintance looked in
and called to Lucia, who went out with
a rush. Fiske dropped Into a chair
with a sigh.
. "Now what the deuce am I to do
with a young savage like that?" he
demanded. "Just think of It, Brown;
until a week ago she'd never seen a
living person but her mother and old
Andre and myself."
"Where have you been?" I asked.
"In Magellan Land. Old Uncle Sal-
tonstall stuck me on one of his windjammers for a voyage round the Horn
to cure me of the liquor habit."
"Did you get cured?"
"You bet! I was cured before we
crossed the line, but it wasn't tho dryness of the ship that did it. The skipper was a secret drinker, and he was
taking out the niece of a French winegrower In California. Her name was
Kenee Duffroy, and she was a beauty.
I fell in love with her, or course.
"Oh, it was a beastly cruise, and
kept getting worse the nearer we got
fo the Horn. Down there off old Cape
Stiff the mate was swept overboard one
night, and the second mate fell from
aloft and smashed himself to pieces,
and just then the old man telew up in
a raging attack of d.t's. and saw sea-
serpents and things tearing over the
waves and clashing their jaws. The
tow goL at tho liquor, and, with all
hands drunk, we got caught aback and
dismasted. Before this, we'd been
swept repeatedly, and lost all of our
boats and most of the hands. Then
the weather cleared, and we found ourselves wallowing in the backwash from
'he foot of the towering cliffs, and
finally slewed into a bight and fetched
i:p In a landlocked basin on three big
prongs  of   rock."
"How many of you were  there?"
"Six of us. Renec and the skipper
.Mid Andre, the cook, two of the hands
and myself. It was a- terrible sort of
place—huge, heaped-up, jagged cliffs
full of caverns and grottoes, and
farther inland there were high
plateaus and deep gorges and valleys
with boiling springs and geysers and
things. The sea roared against it, and
the wind roared over it, and part was
frozen and part steaming, and there
were seals and myriads of birds and a
good many wild goats. It was an island,
I think, though in twenty years' time I
never got all the way across it to see.
In the basin where the ship fetched up
there were places where the water
boiled up hot and fresh in big. flat
eddies, and in some of the little valleys
the vegetation was tropical. You can't
imagine such a mixed-up place, and
it had a sort of fantastic beauty of
the Turneresque school. A few miles
away, a miniature volcano got semi-
active once in a while and turned
the atmosphere a ruddy saffron. It
was an awful place for thunder storms,
"And you've just come from there?"
"Yes. After about eighteen months
of it, without ever sighting so much
as smoke, we built a pinnace, and the
.skipper and two hands cleared out, but
they must have been lost. Before the
skipper left, he married Renee and me,
a rid about a year later, Lucia was born.
Andre   preferred   to  stay  with  us.
"Taking it full and by, we weren't
so badly off. We had everything a big
ship carries to start with, and the
seeds we planted In the warm, fertile
spots grew amazingly. Then there were
the goats and seals and all sorts of
sea-food. Fact is. when we began to
get used to lt a little, Renee and I
were perfectly happy."
"As soon as we gave up the idea of
rescue and began to make ourselves at
home for the rest of our lives, I
started in to paint."
"Using the ship's paint when your
colors gave out?" I asked.
"Not a bit of it. There were some
wonderful pigments in that volcanic
formation, and I ground them up and
mixed them with various tempers until I got what I wanted. Do you know,
Brown, I really learned to paint in
that place. I cut my canvases from
the sails and used the cabin-panels,
and I had some wonderful things, If I
do say it myself. Then about three
years ago Renee was killed." His face
twitched. "She was struck by lightning In one of those hideous storms.
"Well, lt was unbearable without
Renee, so we deefded to try to get
away. Andre was getting old, and any
day some accident might have happened to me and left Lucia there alone.
It took the three of us two years to
build our boat, and she was nearly finished when there came an earthquake
which killed Andre and destroyed all
of my paintings but two which I had
stuck up In our cavern. So Lucia and
I put to sea, and here we are."
"Good heavens!" I exclaimed; "where
did you get?"
"We were picked up by a. steamer
off the entrance to the Straits of
Magellan and taken to San Francisco.
I landed there after twenty years of
exile with about five hundred dollars
and a grown-up daughter whose
knowledge of this world Is purely
theoretical. But let me tell you she
is very far from being the young
savage you might think. Her mother
was convent-educated and gave her
lessons in everything which she
thought she ought to know, while she
has learned a good deal that she may
some day have to know from  me."
"I don't think you need worry about
Lucia." said I. "What is more important is how you are going to provide for her with what is left of your
five hundred dollars. Have you no
other  resources?"
He   shook   his   head.
"None whatever—barring, of course,
my painting. Renee had no dot, and I
learn that Uncle Saltonstall took it
for granted that I must be drowned.
left his fortune with no provision for
my turning up. So I'm going to see
if I can't get a job with these 'movie'
people for  the  time being."
"Nonsense!" I said. "You come to
my house and stay as long as you
like. I'ves done pretty well since we
last met, and just now I'm at work
on a big order to paint the mural
decorations in the palace of a millionaire."
Fiske protested a little, but finally
gave In; so I took them to my place
Lucia seemed entirely at her ease.
I asked her presently what she found
most curious about her new surrond-
"Men," she answered. "They are
not at all what I thought they would
be hke. All that I have talked to
were very nice, but, of course, some
are nicer than others. Father must
be quite wrong about them. Money is
very interesting, too. It seems to me
hat   if   one   wants   to   be   happy   here,
-    first    thing    to    do    is    to    make
man    who    has
friends     with     some
plenty of money.'
"Why  not a woman?" I asked.
"I   think
woman   would   probably
want it for herself," said she. "The
men seem to be much more obliging
I hope that you have plenty of monev,
Mr.   Brown."
"Fortunately I have as much as we
are apt to need," I answered. "What
would you like to have first?"
She reflected a moment while I
watched in amused curiosity. If I had
been twenty years younger, Lucia's
profile would have aroused a much
warmer emotion.
-„"*..thIl£ l shouId like to have a
eoat,' said she. "I had to leave mv
scat, and I have missed it a great deal.
Later on, I should like to have a husband who was good-looking and has
plenty of money."
"Those    are    both    very    reasonable '
S?H««, A*11" ?reat diffic"l*y about
getting  them,"  I answered.     "I  shall
von 25 Kk«d tl.iS Very •"•moon. But
you had better look round a little before you choose a husband, as vou
might pick the wrong one, and thev
are sometimes difficult to get rid of."
hJh?nPfeoKPI° whose Palatial house I
ferJ  I        fUn  to dec°rate  had  suf-
The .Smiths (as I shall call them,
were naturally fn deep distress Zt
fell If" -J"* a//"Ction   "" '" «t "
hea^h JhS eff6C.t UP°n thG «««e«I
health   and   mental   tone  of  their son
5. outwit-Undr his ^lamity with
an outward air of gruff, philosophic
2?atl°; »"<*. however, deceived
"t,doI-    ^«v that h0 was BtrJck        u
hut the rV.ate hJm whe" anybody
,r_nl medlate famlly tried to en-
ertain him—a frequent condition with
the recently blinded, I am told.
terin^y ca"' |">™ver, he made a flattering exception and used to come
often to the studio where I was mak-
"i* my preliminary sketches and listen
silently   and   without   comment   to   my
haflSl/n/a!;nS °>( the °ld days whcn 1
had gone adventuring with those hardened seascamps. Doctor Bowles and
Jordan Knapp. But it was evident
enough that he was gradually giving
way under the bravely borne strain.
I he day after the arrival at my
house of Elliot and Lucia, T was at
work In the studio when Wade was
brought in by his chauffeur.
"Hope you don't mind this early
visit, Mr. Brown." he said. "I have to
get up at the peep o' dawn to escape
buzanne. ' H
Not being as yet intimate with the
famlly, I asked who Suzanne might be
'Suzanne Is my ante-bellum fiancee,"
he answered. "After getting my lamps
doused, I tried to break ft off, but she
is too noble. She has determined to
sacrifice her life to my happiness "
"Why don't you be ev*« nobler and
refuse to accept the sacrldce?" I asked.
"I've tried, but she beats me to it.
"Vou see, I asked her to marry mc
when I. got my commission, and Immediately became very much engaged, so
that now there seems no way out of It
with honor. At that time I was very
keen to marry her, but now I seem to
have lost my taste for ft, just as I
have for tobacco and my four meals a
day. Suzanne's asset is an over-
allowance   of   beauty,   but   what's   the
good of that when you can't see it?
Besides, she is very fond of admiration and Inclined to be flirtatious, and
I don't like the Idea of a gay and
beautiful young wife that I can't keep
my eye on. I'd be imagining all sorts
of   things."
"If you feel that way about it," said
I, "you'd be no end of a chump to
marry her. Tell her that you're not
going to marry her, ■*■ .d make an end
of  it."
"Well," said Wade, "it Isn't so easy
as It sounds. She turned down two
good offers to get engaged to me. Then
she's no longer In IM first flush of
her youth, being 30 this spring, and
her people haven't pot much money.
Let me tell you. Brown, a chap's a
darned fool to get er.ffaged or married
just before going to the war. Even If
he has the luck not tc get crocked, he's
apt to come back with his ideas all
changed. I thought Suzanne was a
wonder, and now she bores me to tears
—especially as I can't see how pretty
she is."
"How  does she here you?"  I asked.
"Oh, every way. Principally In the
afflicted-hero busings. I don't want to
be slobbered over, an. I was tucked up
like a hedgehog in a hole when this
cursed shell Jarred by sight loose. The
rest of the bunch v*m killed. Some
chaps have all the *uck," he said bitterly.
I was casting abcut for something
to say when the door flew open and
Lucia popped in. She looked prettier
than ever, and I thoight, with a pang,
what a pity it was that "Wade couldn't
see her. He got on his feet and stood
stiffly while I lntrcduced them.
"Mr. Smith has just come back from
the war,"I said, and he has been
struck blind by th. explosion of a
" 'Blind?' " Lucia echoed, and looked
unbelievingly at Wade's fine eyes,
which showed no hint of their affliction except In a slight Indirectness of
gaze. "Can't you see at all?" she demanded, and her .one was curious
rather  than  compassionate.
"Not a thing," he answered shortly.
"They  tell   me   I  n-wer  shall."
Lucia was silent for a moment. Suddenly she shut her eyes tightly, stood
for a moment, tl tn advanced with
groping   hands  and   uncertain   steps.
"What are you dying?" "Wade- asked
"I'm trying to set what it's like to
be blind," Lucia answered, without
opening her eyes. She reached where
he stood and touched his chest. H<
raised his hand involuntarily, and it
met hers. Lucia clasped It and gave it
a little shake. "How do you do?" said
she, and laughed.
She opened her eyes and looked at
his puzzled, frowning face. "It must
be very Interesting to be blind," she
"I'm glad you ihink so," said he,
gruffly; "Say, what sort of a girl are
you, anyway'.'"
"Lucia is a very uncommon sort of
girl," I said. "Yot'6 better let her tell
you about herself."
"All right," said Wade, rather to my
Lucia had snatched suddenly at
the hem of her skirt, pulled it up, and
became suddenly absorbed in some
pari of her anatony.
"Lucia," I said sharply, "you mustn't
do that."
"But there's a flea biting me," she
Wade laughed outright. Lucia
looked at him and smiled.
"You can be thankful that It's your
eyes and not your arms," said she.
"What If you hadn't any hands to
scratch yourself with? And you'd
have to be fed like a baby goat." She
looked suddenly at me. "Have you got
my goat,  Mr. Brown?"
Wade laughed again.
"Gee," he said, i "it seems good to
strike somebody ♦ho isn't sorry for
me."    He held out pis hand. "Come on,
you Lucia girl," said he, "let's go down
to the beach—that Is, if you feel like
it. I want to hear about who and
what Is responsible for you."
"Very well." said Lucia, and they
went out hand in hand. I heard Lucia
say, "111 shut my eyes, too, and we'll
tee if we can not go straight out the
gate without running Into a prickly
tree or something."
, "Susanne," said I to myself, "had
better get hard on the Job—and quick."
After a few days, (risks started in
painting with the high-powered energy
which appeared to characterize all his
Besides being a powerful
Flske's forte was figure and portrait
work, and his first requirement therefore a suitable subject. I had been
able to secure such models as I needed
for mermaids and water-nymphs and
Nereids and Tritons and things from
the waiting benches of the moving-picture colony, but none of these candidates   pleased   Flske.
Mrs. Smith was intensely Interested
in what I told her about my guests,
and plainly desired to promote them If,
on inspection, they appeared to merit
such attention. I took him and Lucia
there for tea. Wade may have made
some mention of Lucia, but not much.
having no desire to share his find.
Fiske and Lucia became Immediately
the centre of interest, which did not
embarrass cither of them in the slightest.
Then Suzanne Talbot came in and
we were presented, and presently I
noticed Eliot watching her with a sort
of eager Intensity. She was really a
very beautiful woman and did not
seem at all the siren I had expected
to find her. She was dark and willowy, with soft Eurasian features,
dreamy eyes, and such a form as dressmakers love to clothe. Her manner
was very subdued, and her voice delicious in its soft cadences. There-
was, in fact, an almost tropical languor
about her speech and motions, but she
impressed me as a highly temperamental creature underneath her smooth
Fiske presently attached himself to
her and appeared to be getting on
rapidly when the time came for us to
leave. We had hardly got started for
home before ho began to chant her
"There's a woman T could paint,
Arthur" said he enthusiastically. Such
rich warm coloring—such expression!
Did you notice her eyes? There's a
suggestion of subtle, feral force about
her.    Did you get it?
"I asked her to sit for me, and she
said she would. As you don't use the
studio in the afternoon, old chap, I
thought I might as well start right in,
She's .coining tomorrow."
"You don't lose any time about ft,"
1 said, wondering how much of Suzanne's acqu iescence might be due to
Elliot's power of persuasion, and how
much to discover the source of tho
studio's attraction for Wade.
"Why should I? Miglit a... well nmka
a start, since she's willing to pose."
"I suppose you know thi.t she's engaged to Wade Smith," I said, and felt
Lucia stir at my side. Elliot looked
decidedly startled.
"What!" he cried. "That lovely
creature marry a blind man! Impossible! Besides he's too young for her.
He's a fine chap and all that, hut he's
just a boy, and she's a splendid, fullblown  woman."
Elliot looked very much upset, and
so did Lucia. Later, as I was sitting
alone on the verandah, she came out
and seated herself beside me. Elliot
was in the studio.
"Mr. Brown," said Lucia, "I don't
want  Wade   to  marry   Miss  Talbot."
■'Why not?" I asked.
"Because I have decided to marry
him myself. I think that he is just
the sort of husband that I want. He
will have plenty of money and is very
good   looking,   and   as   he   can   not   see
"How do you do," she said, and laughed.
other  women,  there is no reason  why
he should not always like me best."
"Those are excellent reasons," I
agreed; "but you sec he has already
agreed to marry Suzanne, and possibly
«he may not feel the same way about
it that you do."
"The first doesn't make any difference," said Lucia, "baoausc be has told
me that he iw not the same man he
was before being blinded. Well, you
can't expect one man to keep a promise
made by some other man, can you ?
And so far as Suzanne Is concerned,
she is perfectly free to try to make
him marry her. We can both try and
see which one succeeds. I am going
to begin tomorrow."
"I should say that you had already
got a flying start," I answered. "How
do you purpose going about it—if I
may ask?"
"You had better wait and sec," said
Lucia. "Now I am going to ask father
to help." And a few moments later I
heard growls from tho studio which
did not sound helpful.
So I wafted and saw, and I must say
that Lucia's candid procedure had its
points. Wade had formed the habit of
coming to the studio every morning
When Lucia joined us the following
day, she started her offensive. "Wade,"
said she, "do you want to marry Suzanne Talbot?"
Wade turned his sightless eyes toward her with an expression of astonishment such as ono seldom sees in
those of the blind.
"What?" he demanded.
Lucia repeated her question, and
the color purged up Into the boys
"Why do you ask that?" he growled.
"Because I want you to tell me,"
Lucia answered.
He hesitated for a moment, then said
In the same gruff voice;
"Well, then; no, I don't."
Lucia nodded.
"Well, then, since you don't want to
marry   Suzanne,  why  not  marry   me?"
"You!" Wade gasped. "I marry you?"
"Yes, why not?" Lucia demanded "I
am a very nice girl and as I am eleven
years younger than Suzanne, I ought
to last eleven years longer. You ought
not to get too old a wife. That was
the trouble with my last goat. She was
no longer young when father caught
her, arid Just when 1 loved her and
needed her the most, she died of old
Wade flung hlmseir back upon the
divan with a yell of laughter. For a
moment, I was afraid that Lucia would
bc hurt, and apparently the same idea
suddenly occurred to the boy, for he
sprang up suddenly, reached for the
girl   and   drew   her    to   him.
"You Utile darling!" lie said huskily.
and before 1 could realize what was
happening Lucia's arms had twined
themselves about his neck and she
crushed   her   fresh   lips   to   his.
There was nothing scattered or diffuse about the girl'-, knowledge of
what she wanted or the central focusing of her will. Her objective clear
and unclouded, she went to lt with tho
direct simplicity of a child or a sage,
and got there- She was. at this moment, very much there, in fact, but not
for very long, as "Wade took her by
both soft shoulders and held her at
arms' length, and one would have
sworn that he was not only looking
at her but seeing her, so Intense was
the gaze of his sightless eyes. And
the lines of his face had grown hard
and severe.
But Lucia was not dismayed.
"Then It's all arranged, Isn't it,
Wade?"   said   she.
"No. little girl; it's not," he answered.
"I wish it were." But you see—in the
iirst place, a gentleman must never
break his word, even if his Ideas and
ter have changed; and in the
second, it would be a low-down tricK
for a helpless lump like me to marry
you before you had a chance to pick
and choose for yourself."
"But I have picked and chosen,"
Lucia protested. "I have chosen you.
Wade. You are the only roan I have
told that I should like to marry, though
SI did tell Mr. Brown that I thought
he would make a very nice husband.
And you are not a helpless lump. You
may seem so to yourself and to other
people, but you don't to me. You see,
I have always known you as you are
now, 30 I don't make unpleasant comparisons.
"I think I like you better as you
are. Wade, because if you Iqve me
without being able to see me,'1 will
know that you love me with your heart
and not with your eyes." She smiled.
"That is the way I loved my goat, who
was  not at all  pretty to look at."
This was too much for the poor
boy's self-restraint. He drew her to
him and kissed her. and as he loosed
her again I saw that his eyes wcro
'T do love you with my heart, darling kid," said Wade huskily, "and I
love you with my eyes, too, even if
they can't see what a peach you are.
But we can't talk about marrying until
we put our house In order. Come on;
let's go down to the beach and let this
long-suffering palnt-sllnger get on the
job again."
Meanwhile, deeply immersed in my
own job, I had^ceased to serve as timekeeper on Lucia and Wade and left
the business to work out according to
the laws of nature and human events.
Then, suddenly, the wind struck in at
a different slant, which made things
look as if It might work out according
to the law of storms. Mrs. Smith
dragged me into her boudoir and de
livered an edlctex cathedra.
"Mr. Brown," said she In outraged
accents. "I fear that your friend Mr.
Fiske has not rid himself of his Latin
quarter  principles—or   lack  of them."
"The latter, as I remember the life,"
I answered. "But why this stern impeachment, chere madame?"
"You need not try to gloss It over
on the plea of his heaving spent
twenty years on a desert island," she
said. "There are certain things which
no honorable man would do if he wcro
to spend fifty years on a desert island."
"I quite agree with you," T answered. "In fact he would be less apt
to do them."
She bit her lip to keep it from
"Of course, you artists are bound to'
defend each other." said she. "But this
la really a very serious and painful
matter, the more so as Mr. Flske has
known from the first that Suzanne was
engaged to marry my son. Besides,
artists who were men of honor have
given me to understand that their
studios were to be considered in the
same light as the consulting-room of
a surgeon."
"Some are even  more expensive,"   I
"Here you are again,
ke snapped to Lucia,   "How many times must I tell you to keep
out of the smoking-room?"
said- "but w^ are not required to take    way like Lucia.    Otherwise,   we might she   had   counted   on   marrying   "Wade
any Hippocratic oath,  if that is what   make a mess of it. and has very little money of her own
you mean "                                                                "Suzanne and I are going to be mar- You   see,   I   thought   of   all   this,   and
"I   don't  know  what   that   ta    but   lt   ried,   Brown,"   said   Fiske,   "and   very that day we first went to the Smith's
is prcdsclv   what   I   mean,"     me     an-   soon." for   tea   and   I   saw   how   father   was
Kwered         "Yesterdav     morn.iiff      Mr         I congratulated  them  warmly,  then, watching her. I told her that you said
JT'k"    inviled   mctodrip"ir   and   see   being a practical  person where others that father was going to be the lead-
fhe portrau? buTas I wasV."> alT day     are converned and having his financial ing   portrait  painter of America."
I   did   not   go   until   this   afternoon—"    condition In mind, asked him what he -But  I  hadn't   said anything of   the
She hesitated                                                  meant by "very soon." sort,"   I  protested.
"Well ri murmured                                     "Oh. right off," he answered: "thanks ..j  know  Jv<   LucU  answeredi   ..but
"Well.' not to go into details I went    V^about to enquire In what way f^fT   .nothings ^com^U
here about an hour ago.    I £«°vered   Luc(a might prove ft commerclaI asset p££Tll    Suzanne took* more™terest
that   your   fascinating   confrere    was   wh_n   thc   fflrl   hersejf   came   ,„.     she ,„  ,:ln/thciJi and pretty 800n  j  got a
looked questloningly at thc pair,  then chance   to   suggest   to   father   that   1
at me. thought   she   would   be   willing   to   sit
"Have   they   told   you,   Mr.   Brown. for her portrait if he were to ask her."
she asked. 	
"Yes," I answered: "but I don't quite *~i                            »                 --,.
see how they are going to get married ^0111111011      JUa\V     VjlVCll
the   disposal   of  one  very  masterly
willing to
taking far more interest In his model
than in his work. I withdrew unperceived."
"Such things will happen," I sighed.
"Poor Elliot!"
"Poor rubbish! Poor blind Wade, if
you like.   The man was kissing her."
"Hooray!" I exclaimed. "Was she—■
"She was not!" snapped .Mr?. Smith.
"Let us hope that she was," I answered, "because Wade is not in the
least in love with her and has absolutely no desire to marry her. He told
"Oh dear:" sighed Mrs. Smith. " I
was afraid something of the sort might
happen, and I did so want hint to marry her. It would have given him an
interest in life."
"He has got one already," I declared.
Mr..       Smith  -AraffCtl       n«r      OJ..I      '
"Do you mean the daughter?" she demanded-
"Thc same. Wade is deeply In
leve with her, and she is most thoroughly and sanely In love with him.
They told me so. At least, they told
eacb other so In my presence. They
want to get married—And why not,
Lucia is as pure and fresh, or salty,
to bc precise, as a sea-anemone, and
she considers Wade's blindness as an
advantage." And I told the anxious
mother of what she hud said on this
score. "She would make him a devoted wife. It is true that she has
no dot "
"Oh, bother the dot!" Mrs. Smith
interrupted.     "But  her  father "
"Here father comes of a good old
New England Colonial family," I answered, "and, unless I am very much
mistaken, is the coming portrait-painter. You may soon expect to hear him
spoken of in the same breath as Sargent or Brown, the marine pafnter.
And Just look at "Wade! Can't you see
the miraculous change in him?"
"Ye3," she admitted. "But do you
think that it will last?"
"As long as Lucia lasts," I answered, "and that will be, as she herself pointed out, eleven years longer much as I do n<
than Suzanne, based on life-insurance
expectations. But "Wade has been
backing and filling and standing off
and on trying to get up the nerve to
tell Suzanne that he's lost his taste
for her. And from what you tell me,
I should tiling It probable that Suzanne has been navigating the same
trouble waters. Fiske, with his high-
explosive temperament and love of abstract beauty, Is just the man for
This terminated the Interview, and I
went home, very pleased whli the turn
of events, being convinced that Mrs.
Smith would probably apuro \e thc
marriage of Wade and Lucia! on thinking thc arrangement over, it was late
in the afternoon when 1 arrived, and
on going into the studio, I name upon
Elliot and Suzanne standing side by
aide in contemplation of the finished
portrait, which has since received such
distinguished recognition. Hia arm
was about her waist, and le did not
take thc trouble to remove
"Don't let me interrupt,'
only came after my   pipe.
don't  mind a friendly     suggestion,    I
would  advise  shoving  the bblt of the
portrait, even if they we
sell it, which would be a hldeou;
crime. Have you waved your wand
again,  my  fairy  princess?"
Lucia smiled.
"I waved my pen," said she. "You
see, Mr. Brown, when I decided to
marry Wade, I told father so and sug-
1 that he marry Suzanne. He
told me that I was talking nonsense,
as in the first place, he was not good-
looking enough, -and, in the second, he
hadn't any money. This was quite
foolish, as next to you and Wade he
is the best-looking man I have seen,
and I had thought of a plan toe getting some money. It seemed to me
that as my father was Uncle Salton-
Btail's only nephew, and everybody
knew that he was some day to inherit
all his fortune, It was not fair that he
should not get any of it because his
uncle thought he had been drowned.
So I went to Mr. Culpepper, Mrs.
Smith's lawyer, and asked him if he
could not get thc money back, since
there had been a mistake. He found
that Uncle Salstonstall had left over
two million dollars to three dlistant
cousins, so he persuaded them to divide with father. Mr. Culpepper cr-me
and told us about it this morning after
you had gone. Isn't it nice, .Mr.
Brown ?"
"I believe I told you once, Elliot.
that you need not worry about Lucia,"
i said.
To England by
tJUNDREDS of years ago England
was divided Into several kingdoms, each with its own Jaws. With
the Norman Conquest and the establishment of a standard justice, these
became crystallized. The result was
one general or "common" law, and as
such it was e. forced by thc Norman
conquerors and   their judges.
As time went on, however, more
la.. s were made by Parliament, and
these were known as Statute Law, as
opposed to the old Common Law. So
the two systems in time Became quite
A barrister might practice in
Common Law or In Statute Law: he
was a specialist at his chosen task.
Some fifty years or so ago, however,
our whole judicial system was re-
formed, and the various courts merged
into one.
I low Tissue Paper Was
Used as Protection
In Old Days
r£HE    word    "tissue"    really    means
woven, and originally "tissue" was
Lucia slipped up to mc that evening as I was sitting on the beach.
"If it had not been for "Wade, I
think that I should have married you,
Mr. Brown,"  said she.
the very finely woven material of old-
time pageantry, when colored cloths or
purple or scarlet were intertwined with
threads of gold and sliver.
Such tissues or woven stuffs were of
course   very   precious,   and   to   protect
them when not In use, paper was carefully   laid   between   their   folds.      Na-
■There is absolutely no doubt about   turally only the finest paper was used
it, my dear." I answered sadly. for such a purpose and In time R spft.
"I loved Wade from the moment I clal paper was manufactured expresslv
first saw him," said she, "but I did to be laid between the tissues of the
not   believe   that   I   could   love   him  as   wealthy.
beca...  ho  is blind  to everybody'but .. ™£ ?"" '" 'i™,. _Cami. k,?T" "
me..                                                 *       *       - tissue   paper,   and   although   lt   is   no
' _              , longer used for its original purpose, we
'He certainly is," I agreed. still keep the word for a special type
"I might have married you just the of particularly thin and fine paper.
same,   though,"   she   continued,   "if   1  1	
had not been able to dispose of father TOURING 1521, 454 persons were res-
and    Suzanne,    because    I    should    not cued   from   shipwrecks around   our
have wished to leave father all alone, coasts.   The total from the foundation
as he Is such a child, and it would not of the  Royal  National   Lifeboat  Insti-
have   been   quite   fair   to   Suzanne,   as tution up to the end of 1D24 was 69,908,
it  on   iny
1 said. "I
$ut if you
course, it
am  con
door during   the rests.     Of
does not  matter  so  far as
cerned, but Mrs. Smith look^dTri here
e picture,
for shell-
about an hour ago to see tl
and I have been treating he:
This brought Suzanne out of her
"Is that really so, Mr. Brown," she
asked,   "or are you  trying to joke?"
"I never try to joke," 1" snapped.
"especially on serious*. When
I desire to make a joke, ifget away
with it. Mrs. Smith started lo come In
to see the portrait and was much disturbed by what she saw irjxtead, because she had understood [ that you
were engaged to marry h«r son. I
have just come from pointing out to
her   the   error."
Suzanne shrugged her pretty shoulders.
"I am very sorry that Mrs. Smith
was disturbed," said she, "but It seems
to me that Wade has made It plain
enough that he wanted me to break
the engagement. I should have done
so long ago, but I wanted; people to
understand that it was his Own wish,
and that I was not going back on him
because of his blindness. How much
better it would be, Mr. Brown, if we
could all be as honest and direct as
"yes," I sighed: "if we could be that
Body and mind develop at top speed every
minute during school years. See that your
children help nature by habits of regularity.
Give them Tillson's Natural Bran in bread o£
muffins every day.
Tillson's is best for bran baking, as it is the
pure coating of the finest wheat. It combines
readily with other ingredients.
The largest package on the market, 85 cents
THIs~on*s Natural Bran
Not Cooked
Not Treated     sub
 -■->.'-•.■        -■    ■>  .-.,• v-:- •.-.:»;^wA^i£--fM>?iyto'>-
IT WAS on a bright summer morning just
twenty-two years ago that the late Sir
Thomas Shaughnessy, then president of
the Canadian Pacillc Railway, boarded the
Steamer Princess "Victoria at Vancouver
bound for the Capital City and a tour of
Vancouver Island. A few weeks previous
to this the trim little 1900-ton steamer
had entered the First Narrows from her builders at Newcas tie-on-Tyne with nothing above.
decks but her pilot house and masts. A stone's
throw from where she lay beside the wharf a
small army of ships' carpenters had built her
entire housework in what is now known as
No.   8  shed.
Vancouver's ehlps' carpenters were particularly proud of this piece of work. Captain J.
W. Troup of Victoria, then, as now, manager
of the B. C. coast services, was more than
proud, not only of the Vancouver carpenters'
achievement and of the fine lines of the graceful coast steamer, but of the fact that the
service could now boast an elghteen-knot vessel
lor the newly contemplated triangle run. For
it waa with the advent of the speedy Princess
Victoria that Vancouver, Victoria and Seattle
were to be linked by a-daily steamship service.
The average passenger list at that time between Vancouver and Victoria reached between
sixty and seventy travellers dally, and it had
been by dint of strenuous argument based on
his confident vision of shipping possibilities'
on the British Columbia coast that Captain
Troup had procured his eighteen-knot boat.
The manager, therefore, was most anxious
that not only should the new ship sljow off to
best advantage for the president's trip, but that
the passenger list should1 be sufficiently large
on that day to support his previous arguments.
Ship, weather and tide contrived to stand
behind the coast captain. Showing her best
Bpeed .the Princess Victoria gave one of the
finest performances of her career and carried
the president and his visiting directors from
Vancouver to Victoria in almost record time.
The sun shone brightly on the polished brass
of her smart trimmings and made the paint
and varnish of the Vancouver shipbuilders'
housework resplendent against the sparkling
blue of the Gulf of Georgia. Aft, the gaily
striped awning spread above her raised observation deck flapped in the breeze, and altogether the president's trip to Victoria left little
to be desired, but the passengers on that particular d'ay had failed to reach even the average number.
When she docked at Victoria the Princess
Victoria had been inspected from stem to stern
by Sir Thomas and as he disembarked he turned
to  Captain  Troup   and  remarked;
"Troup, you have a fine boat ana' a fast one;
but, I .am sorry to say, in my opinion she is a
■white 'elephant."
Captain Troup made the plea that Sir Thomas
Ehoulct not be too hasty in his judgment and the
following year saw his plea justified.
For the Princess Victoria soon attracted
many travellers, and when the president and
directors reached the Coast on their next annual
inspection trip it was with difficulty that they
were crowded aboard the popular little steamer
at Vancouver, and at lunchtime it was almost
Impossible to crowd' the president into the
dinirtg saloon.
That day's crowd, which was typical of the
daily patronage in 1304, was the means of convincing Sir Thomas. Before he left Victoria a
lew days later he authorized the building for
the B. C. coast services of the Princess Char-
lotto.  GSIO tons.
Before thc arrival of the Princess Victoria,
the company's investment In B. C. coast ships
totalled about 1350,000. This equipment comprised the fleet of ships and tugs taken over by
Canadian Pacific from the Canadian Pacific
Navigation   Company   in   1900,   and   which   in-
fyear old Rowan Colenai.
Son     of
D.CColemn«/ Winnipeg
V/'Ce-preSttfent Western f/nes C.P.&.
&r>d. Capt. Rippew Commander*/ the SS.PrfftCesSMarguerite.
eluded the S.S. Islander and the S.S. Charmer,
the latter being still In the coast service.
Today the coast fleet represent, an investment of something over $7,000,000 ante! includes,
besides a number of steam tugs, transfer
barges and freight steamers, modern
passenger steamers of which any port in the
world might well be proud.
Following the building of the Princess Adelaide and Princess Alice at Glasgow, the various
other units of the Princess fleet made their appearance, and on Sunday, May 17, there will go
into operation between Vancouver, Victoria and
Seattle the latest acquisitions to th. B. C coast
service, the Princess Marguerite ar 1 the Princess Kathleen.
Beauty, speed and comfort are attributes of
these proud' sisters. Built on cruistr lines at
the shipyards of John Brown & Co., Clydebank,
both came up to their guaranteed .sod of 22..".
knots on their trials in the Clyde.! the Marguerite distinguishing herself with a speed of
23. _   knots   on   a   measured   mile.    Both   com
modious, five-deck steamers, they have night
accommodation for 317 first-class passengers,
in addition to seventeen luxurious roon.3 en
suite, furnished with all the care and attention"
to artistic detail which characterizes the appointments of the finest ocean liners, but is 'not
to be found elsewhere in the world in steamers
confined  entirely to  coast  service.
The Kathleen and Marguerite are 368 feet
long, 60 feet broad', 28 feet 9 inches in depth
and have a gross tonnage of 6000 tons. Their
extensive erections above decks, their two pole
masts and their three generously proportioned,
low-set funnels suggest seaworthiness of
an ocean liner, a suggestion which both the
new Princesses demonstrated in their behavior
on their maiden trips from the Clyde to the
B.  C. coast.
By reason of their superior speed they will
reduce the steaming time between Seattle, and
Vancouver by one hour and fifteen minutes.
Just as the Princess Marguerite and Princess
Kathleen are milestones In the history of ship-
this province.
Evolved through his great love of the beautiful in history and in art, the general treatment of the interior in the smoking rooms of
the two new ships bears evidence of the deep
affection Captain Troup feels for "things British
Columbia." It was his Idea that these lounge
rooms should be Indian rooms. Panelled' w'alls
of Australian bottlewood form a warm, woodsy
background for a Series of totem poles of
various sizes which will confront the travellers
who frequent these rooms with the fascinating
lore of the B. C. coast. They will question their
meaning and as a result of this intrigue of
teres! will seek to learn more of the romance
and history of the British Columbia aborigine.
A beautifully carved frieze displaying the birds
and beasts indigenous to the Coast is another
feature of what to many a B. C. coast traveller
will prove the most interesting corner of the
new coast liners.
Points of interest which will attract the attention of th. mechanically inclined are legion.
In the first place the contracts for building both
the Marguerite and the Kathleen were let on
the plans and specifications drawn up by Captain Troup and without the assistance of marine
architects. Twenty-five years of practical experience in dealing with the exigencies and
demands of passenger service up and down the
coast of British Columbia had resulted in the
embodiment In these two palatial ships of every
feature that has presented itself as a necessity
and the elimination of every other feature that
has  proved  itself superfluous.
Situated in the beautifully appointed library
which forms an additional observation room on
the boat deck and placed so that passengers
can study Its operation, is the ship's master
compass. Known as tho Sperry gyro compass,
thiq piece of electrical machinery works on the
principle that the gyro spindle is always parallel
wilh the axis of the earth. Making 6000 revolutions a minute, it not only controls all the
other compasses on the ship, but is fitted with
magneto control  clocks,  so  that all  the  clocks
thro us i  ut the ship are handled electrically -a    ;hc same tim<>
Capt i u Thomas R_£pen and Captain
William J. Boyce have been chosen to
command the two new coast liners. Both
have become familiar figures on the
bridges of the various Princesses and
n long years of honorable service al.ig the coast.
Captain Rippen, who left the Princess
Victoria to take over his new command, has been
ateigned to the Marguerite. He has been a
sailor on the B. C. coast for twenty-three year's;
and began his career on the deck of the old
S.S. T l; ;tle, at that time operating on the Gulf
Island route for the Esquimau & Nanaimo
Railway, then under the Dunsmuj* management. He came to the Canadian Pacific in
190_> and received his first command as skipper
of the Princess Beatrice in 1916. Since then
he hap been master of practically all the coast
ships i turn. "Tommy" Rippen is known as
one of the most popular skippers in the service.
Froln an able-bodied seaman on the S S City
of Nanaimo to the bridge of the S.S. Princess
Kathleen has been the record of Captain Boyce.
Sixteer. years ago when the Canadian Pacific
took fever the E. & N. Railway, he was inherited with the sister ships, the S.S. Joan and
S.S. of Nanaimo, and' having climbed the
first few rungs of the ladder on these vessels
he was not long in mounting to the top in the
amalgamated service. In 1917 he was given
command of the S.S. Charmer, then the'Princess
May end for the past three years has been
confined to the triangle run where as one of
the youngest captains on the Coast he is
esteemed as one of the most proficient. He Is
the sqn of "Tully" Boyce of Nanaimo, secretary
of the Nanaimo Pilots' Association.
Thro ighout tho entire B. C. coast service no
tho organization was'dolng; work thsrt -was really
worth while.   Tho following were elected to tho
-ANS  have  been  practically completed  for     executive  committee:   City  of  Duncan,   Mrs.  T.
^--'handling  at  Cowichan     Bay  tfcd big  ship
ments of logs which, will come tojthat point
following completion of the C. N. R.spur, which
it is expected will be in operation vy July.
The Cowichan Bay Booming Association,
which comprises owners of timber and those actively engaged*in logging operations'along the
C. N. R. right-of-way to Cowichan Lake, is in
the process of formation. The concern will provide the medium through which tie logs sent
to the bay will be handled and It is
expected that at a conservative ests.-iate a half
million feet of logs will be delivered at the
wharf every day when the camps are all working.
The principals in the association _r« the Boyd
Estate, Cowichan Lake; the Canadi.m Western
Lumber Co., Vancouver; the Continental Timber
Co., Cowichan Lake; thc Scottish p.Imer Lumber Co..Victoria; the Campbell River Uills; White
Rock; the Victoria Lumber and Manufacturing
Co., Chemainus; the Cameron LunU.r Co., Victoria; the North American Timber molding Co.,
Seattle; Messrs. McCoy-Wilson, Vancouver; the
Forest Investment Co., Vancouver, and the
Channel Logging Co., Vancouver.
Inclusion of a commercial course it the high
school was advocated by Mrs. T. l.Briggs, a
former school trustee, at a meeting of .he Parent-
Teacher Association. It was finally decided to
instruct the executive to press for the! establishment of a night school next winter.
Gratifying reports were read at the fifth
annual meeting of the Cowichan Health Centre.
A letter was also received from Dr. li. E. Young,
provincial health officer, in which hft stated that
Pitt, Mrs. J. Maitland-Dougall and Mrs. R. H.
Whidden; Municipality of North Cowichan, Mrs.
Holt Wilson, the Rev. E. M. Cook, Mrs. F. S.
Leather and Mrs. F. A. Brettingham; Cobble Hill,
Mrs. B. A. McMillan; Cowichan Station, Mrs. G.
Owens and Mrs. C. Moss.O.B.E.; Koksilah. Mrs.
W. H. Gibson. This committee having power
to add, the following names were included: The
Rev. John R. Hewitt, the Rev. A. Bishchlager,
the Rev. Bryce Wallace, the Ven. Archdeacon
H. A. Collison, Mrs. T. S. Castley, Mrs. R. C. Mac-
gregor, Mrs. H. A. Patterson and Mrs. C. F. Davie.
The following officers were elected from the
executive. Mrs. Moss, president (re-elected);
Mrs. Hewitt, vice-president; Mrs. T. Pitt, treasurer, and Mrs. Whidden, secretary, both reelected.
Kathleen Castley, daughter of Mr. and Mrs.
T. S. Castley, was elected by her fellow pupils of
Duncan Public School to be May Queen at the
celebration to be held on May 15. Her maids of
honor will be Dorothy Kier and Bryce Bailey.
Refusal of the department to co-operate in
the finishing of secondary roads in the district,
upon which they pay a largo proportion of the
cost of maintenance and new construction work,
has caused the North Cowichan Council to abandon the proposal for this year. It has also been
definitely decided not to accept the agreement
submitted by the provincial police, under which
they would undertake to police the municipality.
Grants have been cut considerably below the
amounts given last year.
INTEREST is being displayed in the boys of
the vicinity by the Rotary Club members,
who are endeavoring to direct their activities into channels which will ensure them becoming useful citizens. A "Boys' Week" has just
been conducted most successfully. The lads
were accompanied to the different churches,
while addresses were delivered to them in the
schools by Mr. A. O. Cochrane, M.L.A., and Mr.
H. Pout, while during the week organized games
for boys and girls were conducted in the park.
The officers elected at the annual meeting of
the Rotary Club were: President, Rev. W. A.
Guy; vice-president, H. Pout; secretary, G.
Shaw; treasurer, G. O. Nesbitt.
General delight is being expressed at the.decision to continue the Vernon City Band It was
thought for a time that this splendid organization would not be able to carry on during the
summer, but suitable arrangements have been
made to ensure the band being able to do so.
In aid of the Vernon War Memorial Bronze
Table Fund, a most successful entertainment
was staged by the Kalamalka Players. The production was well supported and deservedly applauded.
The Methodist Church Choir was taken to Armstrong by Mrs. Daniel Day recently, where an
attractive programme of vocal and instrumental
music was given and was much appreciated.
A special choir and orchestra, under the leadership of Miss Dillon, gave an excellent rendering
of F. Mendelssohn Bartholdy's "Hymn of Praise"
in All Saints' Church. The soloists were Mrs. A.
Rugg, Miss Q. Mattock, Miss P. Ripley and Mr.
B. Gf.rnne. The cantata was preceded by
vocal numbers contributed by Mrs. H. F. Beattie
and Mr. W. Brimblecombe and selections by the
organist Mr. H. C. DeBeck.
The Chrysler Chapter, I.O.D.E., held a most
successful bridge evening on Wednesday at the
Country Club, Some thirty tables participated,
and a. nice sum of money resulted to swell the
finances of the chapter.
The Vernon Baseball Team is looking forward tn a good season. Jack Burrows, who has
been an enthusiast and prominent member of
the team for some years, has been appointed
manager, and most of last year's team, which
won the Interior Championship, will be at his
THIS has been a good year for the churches
s>f the city. The Presbyterian congregation
put up a new building, the Anglicans are
completing theirs, adding the main upper storey
to the edifict started ten or twelve years ago,
and now the Methodists have raised $2000 to
renovate that church. Rev. G. G. Hacker has
consented to remain two years longer, subject
to the decision of the conference. This Is the
only union church In the citjr, the Presbyterians
here having voted themselves out.
The transfer of I. A. MacPherson, railway
superintendent. ff*om Prince Rupert to Saskatoon, was generally regretted in Prince Rupert.
Before leaving Mr. and Mrs. MacPherson were
guests at a number of functions and were given
a  rousing send-off at  the  station.
H. St. G. Lee, manager of the Bank of Montreal, has been transferred to Calgary, where he
will bf assistant manager.
one is more proud of the Kathleen and the
Marguerite or more anxious to talk about it
than (he two chief engineers to whom the Mechanical responsibility of the ships has been
given. W. E. W. Oliver, a native son of New
"Westminster, went to the Clyde to bring the
Kathleen to the B. C. coast and will continue on
her as chief engineer, while J. A. Heritage of
Victoria will take charge or the engine-room
of  her sister ship.
The fact that the S.S. Princess Marguerite
made almost a knot better time than the Kathleen in her trials on the Clyde has been the
cause of much good-natured rivalry between
the  two  chiefs.
"She may have done that," Chief Engineer
Oliver says when the subject is brought up.
"but don't forget that Kathleen holds the record
for a straight run from San Pedro to Cape
Flattery. Her average speed for the best day's
run was 18.6 knots, the best that has ever been
made on this coast. We took just two days.
six hours and a half to travel up from San
But the two chiefs are the best of friends,
and the other day In Victoria just after Dominion Steamship Inspector Edmond had given
his O.K. to the boilers and stokeholes of the
Marguerite they condescended to leave their
shining engine-rooms and be photographed on
the top deck—which among all good marine
engineers  is  considered  almost  "infra  dig."
Mr. Heritage has perhaps the longest record
of service of any engineer on the B. C. coast
ships. He had been a junior in the engine-
rooms of the Empress of India before he joined
the S.S. Charmer in 1897 and became her chief
in 1899. He was sent to the Old Country as
marine superintendent during the building of
the Princess Marguerite and Princess Irene,
these two ships being commandeered by the
admiralty on their completion following the
outbreak of the Great War.
For twenty- years Chief Engineer Oliver has
seen service in the engine-rooms of the various
Princesses, serving his apprenticeship*on
the Princess Victoria shortly after her arrival.
He was chief on the Princess Adelaide before
he went to the Clyde to watch the building of
the  Kathleen.
The building of these two ships at Clydebank
during the past year took a small army. of B.
C. Coast men and officials to Scotland. Captain
Troup made three extensive visits to the John
Brown yards, returning finally with the Kathleen on her maiden trip to Victoria.- J, Mc
Gown of Victoria, superintendent engineer, saw
both ships built from the laying of the keels
to the final coat of paint and came back -on tho
maiden trip of the Marguerite, reaching Victoria just three weeks ago. -W. H. Rowlands.
port stewart, at Victoria, was also sent over to
superintend the kitchens and culinary equipment, spending six weeks on the Clyde, whfle
a large number of the local crews crossed the
Atlantic to bring the two fine ships home.
Captain R. W. MdMurray, R. N. R.. staff
captain on the Atlantic service, brought out
both ships on their maiden voyages via the
Panama Canal, making the 8500-mile trip from
the Clyde to Victoria in twenty-eight days on
the Kathleen and twenty-six days on the Marguerite. Weather conditions were most favorable for the latter's voyage, while the Kathleen,
between Great Britain and the Azores, struck a
two-day gale that would' have taxed the seaworthiness of the finest ocean liner. Although
not built for deepsea service she came through
the tussle with flying colors, much to the satisfaction  of Chief Engineer Oliver.
A. H, Bird and A. G. Barker, both of Victoria, have been appointed pursers of the Marguerite and Kathleen, and Thomas McCall of
victoria and Archie Knott of Vancouver have
been  named   chief stewards.
 \MacLean's Magazine, May 1, 1931
By Edmund E. Pugsley
Feats of navigation
well nigh incredible
to the landsman are
all part of the days
wor\ on a 5,000'ton
West Coast "ferry"
The "Princess Kathleen,"
one of the largest of the
ships on the triangular
Vancouver- Vietioria-
Seattle run.
terminus at Vancouver, clamored
for a dependable and frequent
service, and Victoria was and still
is the provincial capital.
But in addition to this necessity
for a service link to Vancouver
Island, there was also the great
Klondike gold rush calling for help.
Freight in thousands of tons was
being offered at tempting rates, and
passengers were willing to ride on
bales of hay or sleep on the open
deck at full fare for the privilege of
getting to the land of promise.
"Those were the happiest days
of my whole shipping life,"
exclaimed Captain Joe Gosse, picturesque skipper of early Skagway days and a native of
Newfoundland, 1866. "It was a life when men were
men or they were soon trampled under foot like the
crooks. I was master in turn of the Islander, the Tees,
and later of the Princess May.   I took boats into the
Georgian   Gulf and  the   British   Columbian
coast,  she has never since the  date of her
collision    with the    Willamette    crossed    the
boundary line.
In 1900, Captain Irving sold his fleet and
interests to the Canadian Pacific Railway for a    naturaJ L^ panal before Skagway was known, when
third of a million dollars. It included fourteen
vessels of indifferent value, largely of the flat-
bottomed, stern-wheel type, but the largest
was the 1,500-ton steel ship, Islander, which
we unloaded freight on the beach across the bay at
Dyea for the famous Chilkoot Pass route. Later,
wharves were built at Skagway.
"On one trip to Skagway with the Tees we had 175
•Mk-thatW in collision wit__.an_i__ber&Jn   gft-class   passengers   with   only   accommodation   for
Alaskan waters, carrying down forty-nine
passengers and a heavy gold shipment from the
But that motley fleet of 1900, of which only
the Charmer remains in service today, was the
nucleus of the orange-funnelled Princess Line
which today is known from Seattle, Wash., to
Captain A. Slater
on the bridge of the "Princess Louise."
thirty. OhtSSeway'fh^passeTiferS'appmrrtfedTsnimrittEesr
for freight discharging and they took complete control
of the unloading into small boats, piling it all on the
shore before any was moved away.
"I got quite chummy with the famous 'Soapy' Smith,
but he never struck me as a particularly tough sort of
character. However he had most of the town of Skagway
bluffed for quite a time and he had a gangster system
Skagway, Alaska, as the world s finest ferry   that would be the envy of the modern Chicago bandits.
service. His men were riding the boats to catch the unsuspecting
In those thirty years that fleet has grown to man with money before he arrived, and they met the
twenty-one vessels, ranging from a thousand to newly rich at the Canadian boundary coming out.   If
nearly six thousand tons gross.    They carry the first failed, the others would be sure to get the
annually   approximately   three-quarters   of  a victim.     Drink,  cards, roulette and faro, poker and
ON THE night of October 8, 1892, a vessel known    million passengers, 150,000 tons of general freight and blackjack  were   all  there  in  enticing  form,   besides
as the Premier, of 1,044 tons Canadian register,    40,000  automobiles,  the  latter largely to the scenic countless other skin games to separate the man from
owned and skippered by Captain John Irving,    highways of Vancouver Island.  Ninety ports of call are his hard-earned money.   If all these failed they did not
collided with the S. S. Willamette, of Seattle, in Puget   made and 485,000 miles covered each year on a combined hesitate to use the strong arm method.
Sound, near Port Townsend.                                                  coastal line of 2,570 nautical miles.   And all this along "When the Vigilance Committee finally was formed
Captain Irving immediately beached his vessel and   the coast of the most sparsely settled province of the and 'Soapy' was shot at the same instant he shot the
proceeded  to  Seattle,  ostensibly  to  arrange salvage.    Dominion. guard of the meeting held on the end of the wharf, the
Then  he  quietly  disappeared.     The  next  news  the       At the time of the purchase of this fleet there was gang was soon rounded up.  Every boat out of Skagway
unsuspecting owners of the  Willamette heard of the   little choice for Canada's only transcontinental railway, carried a bunch of Smith men herded down there by the
obiect of their libel suit, already launched, was from    Victoria, situated eighty-three miles from the railway committee.    At the wharf they were asked a simple
... ,, _„_.«_..-inrai ..«..	
Victoria, where the
Premier had been dry-
docked after having
been hastily floated
and run for home.
Captain Irving had
been many years a
mariner and had a distinct aversion to libel
in a foreign court.
When repaired, the
vessel emerged from
drydock with the new
name of the Charmer
painted on her bow
and a good supply of
rifles in her pilot house,
the latter as a precaution against threatened
seizure by her baffled
creditors from across
the border.
That was nearly
thirty years ago, and
although the Charmer
still sails serenely
about   the   waters   of
Captain R. A. Hunter,
Veteran commodore of the C. P. R.
Princess fleet.
Captain J. W. Troup,
retired, first! manager of the Princess fleet.
Captain "Tommy" Rippon,
popular skipper  of the  "Princess
question: 'Will you go
of your own accord?'
"They were quite
ready to go. It was
almost pitiful at times
to see those fellows
supposed to be so
tough—robbers and
murderers—rushing to
the purser's office to
lay down their guns
before someone took
advantage of the situation to shoot them or
throw them overboard.
Then they'd lock themselves in their rooms
for the whole trip
"I once had to turn
back to Wrangel on my
uptrip to surrender a
Smith man who started
in too soon. Two
hundred and seventy-
five passengers were so
Continued on page 36
MacLean's Magazine, May 1, 1931
^he Hemmerstitch
A side'splitting saga of two duffers who
fell out and the price they paid for wisdom
IN THIS world of ours the most difficult thing to keep
going is a whole-souled angry hatred. A consistent
and relentless enmity is so rare that the man or
woman who can hate till death, making enmity a life-
work, is almost non-existent. Such beings are gigantic;
they are sublime; they are heroic. They belong among
the lesser gods, but they are as rare as hen's teeth.
The names of those who have won eternal fame
through love or imperishable friendship are legion.
Damon and Pythias, David and Jonathan and others
come instantly to mind. It is easy for men to love one
another; you can do that and go on about your business.
Men can be dearest friends and not see each other for
twenty years. But can you name any men
who have been aught but trivial and unimportant haters? No one seems to be able to
do a firstclass job of hating, and that is why
Mr. Hemmerstitch and Mr. Beckstar are so
To pursue a course of relentless hatred
takes a lot of time. It is a luxury and never
very profitable, often expensive. It takes time
from one's business. If a man wants to be a
good hater he has to give his entire time and
thought to it. Very few can do that, not
being able to concentrate. The truth is that
men hate along for a few days or weeks and
then forget to keep it up. Even nations forget
to hate. They cut each other's throats awhile,
and then shake hands and grin and go into
ententes and alliances.
Perhaps this is all for the best. It may be
one of the saving graces of human nature.
None the less it is interesting to discover that
there are men who can nurse revengeful
thoughts, All this is what makes the
Hemmerstitch-Beckstar feud unique.
SOME fifteen years ago Henry Hemmerstitch
bought a goodly estate in the suburb of
Westcote and moved there with his family,
and the next year George Beckstar bought the
place next door.   Both these men were past
middle age and had retired from business. Mr.
Beckstar had made his fortune in Beckstar
Sausage and Mr. Hemmerstitch had made his
in  Hemmerstitch  Kiddie  Waists,  and  they
were both fat, overfed, and too old
to play a good game of golf.    So
they joined the country club and
played golf. They began by playing
a very poor game and became worse
at it each year.
Usually they played only nine
holes. The par for eighteen holes
was seventy-four, and Mr. Beckstar
and Mr. Hemmerstitch usually did
nine holes in eighty or ninety. For
this reason they were not much in
demand, and they were even less so
for another reason—they were what may be
called a little careless in keeping their scores.
When in the rough or in the sand, for example,
they would take a stroke and miss the ball
and say "Oh, oh!" and not count that stroke.
Often Mr. Hemmerstitch or Mr. Beckstar
would take eight or nine strokes to get over a
bunker and then say, when the ball was
finally in the cup, "Six for me, George," or
"Mine was seven, Henry." That's the kind of golfers
they were.
Between the Hemmerstitch and Beckstar properties
was an iron fence about eight feet high made of three-
quarter-inch iron rods pointed at the top, and the first
day of the Beckstar occupancy little Jessica Hemmerstitch went to this fence and looked through. Standing
on the lawn some ten feet from the fence was little
Marston Beckstar, and so, quite properly, Jessica
Hemmerstitch made a face at him, screwing up her
visage and sticking out her tongue. As any young man
would do under the circumstances, Marston Beckstar
went to the fence and reached through and took a grip
on a handful of Jessica's curls and tried to pull her head
through the fence, the space between the iron rods not,
however, being wide enough for that purpose. Jessica
then reached through and grasped a handful of Marston's
hair and hung on, and thus they passed what must have
been a considerable portion of an interesting afternoon.
From then onward until they were too old to make
faces Jessica and Marston spent much of their time
trying to coax the other to come close to the fence, and
failing to do this they stood back and made remarks
Mr. Hemmerstitch ivas in no mood to pretend that
their quarrel had been pretense.  "You can't soft-soap
me," he shouted.   "I'm through with you!"
about each other. Thus a promising enmity developed
between them, and this became more bitter with each
year. By the time Marston was seventeen and Jessica
sixteen it had become a silent ignoring of each other's
existence. By the time Marston was twenty-one and
Jessica twenty, each thought the other was ill-bred,
conceited, rude, snooty and despicable. They had
nothing whatever to do with each other.
So, one July afternoon, Jessica was sitting in the grill
room of the country club, having a lemonade at a small
table, when Marston Beckstar lined up at the bar and
called for a ginger ale. He was served, and as he took
his glass in his hand he saw through the door a young
fellow he wanted a word with, and he sprinted for the
door with his glass in his hand. Jessica had left her bag
of clubs on the floor and Marston barged into it. He
almost fell, and in trying to save himself he poured
half a glass of ginger ale over Jessica's shoulder and into
her lap. Her skirt was thin and the ginger ale was cold,
and she had not been expecting to have ginger ale
poured into her lap, so she was taken by surprise and
uttered a little cry and jumped up.
"Oh, say, I'm sorry!" Marston exclaimed, hastening
to mop off the ginger ale with his handkerchief. "I'm a
clumsy ox. I'm mighty sorry, Miss Hemmerstitch.
I don't know what to say.  I'm awfully sorry."
"It doesn't matter; it won't hurt a bit," Jessica said.
"It was my fault.  I left that bag where anybody would
trip over it. It's my fault entirely. Please don't bother."
She was looking down at his curly brown hair, and
she remembered how soft and silky that brown hair had
been when she had grasped handfuls of it years before.
She had an irresistible desire to touch the hair and see
if it was still as soft and silky as it had been, and she
did this by pretending to lose her balance, putting one
hand on the edge of the table and the other
on Marston's head.   He looked up at her
and laughed.
"I deserve to have it pulled," he said.
"Go ahead and give it a good one."
"I do believe I still owe you one,"
Jessica said, smiling at him. "It was
never a fair battle; my hair was longer than
yours.  But I made uglier faces."
"We sure were a couple of grand kids,"
Marston said. "Do you mind if I sit here a
minute? What do you suppose made us
go for each other that way?"
Before long Marston was explaining that
he couldn't take her on for a game that
afternoon because he had already promised
Jinksy Weatherby, and Jessica said she
was just waiting for Eddie Talliver; and
the outcome was that Jessica said that
Marston could take her to the polo game
the next afternoon, and when they had
H/ signed their checks they went out together
and stood on the gravel below the club
verandah, giving their bags to the two
caddies who were waiting there.
Mr. Hemmerstitch and Mr. Beckstar
were seated on the verandah, sipping ginger
ale and trying to cool off after their
customary nine holes.
"There!" exclaimed Mr. Hemmerstitch,
looking down. "Now, that's more like it.
That's nice. Jessica is going to play with
your Marston.   I'm glad to see that."
"So am I," said Mr. Beckstar. "I've
wondered a thousand times why that boy
of mine runs around with a lot of empty-
headed flappers when there's a girl like
your Jessica right next door to him. I was
beginning to think I had a sap for a son,
but maybe he has some sense after all."
"Here, too, George," said Mr. Hemmerstitch, wiping the perspiration from the
underside of his double chins. "Take
Jessica, now; you'd say that girl had brains,
wouldn't you? But of all the scatter-wit,
lightweight, young snipper-snappers she
goes with! I was saying to my wife just
yesterday that I wished Jessica would take
up with a clean, serious boy like your boy.
I'm scared every minute for fear she will
bring in one of those whoopty-doo boys
and say, 'Father, this is what I'm going to
"It would be a mighty big load off my
mind and Mrs. Beckstar's if we could see
Marston married to a girl like Jessica,"
said Mr. Beckstar. "I wouldn't want anything better.
And it does look as if that boy was getting some sense
after all. As far as I know, this is the first time he has
asked your girl to play with him, and—"
He stopped short at that point because the strident
and merry young person known as Jinksy Weatherby,
whose skirts and hair were the shortest in the club,
rushed up to Marston Beckstar and bore him off to the
first tee. Jessica remained where she was but turned to
face the caddie house, and when a couple of foursomes
 Ferry  Princesses
Continued from page 13
incensed that they were quite ready to
throw him overboard."
Vision and Practicality
THE northern rush had abated considerably by 1903, and Captain Troup,
the fleet manager and probably the most
dynamic figure in the marine history of
the West Coast, was obliged to look about
him for new sources of business for his
Daily he stood on the terminal platform at Vancouver and noticed passengers
in ever increasing numbers disembark and
head southward over a foreign road.
"That traffic rightfully belongs to us
over the boundary," he exclaimed. And
forthwith he proceeded to take it. Using
all the arguments his thirty years'
experience as marine skipper on swift-
water boats had given him, he succeeded
in having the palatial twin-screw vessel
Princess Victoria built on the Tyne
especially for this trade.
"A white elephant," scoffed his critics.
"She'll never pay for her paint. Nineteen
hundred tons and twenty knots an hour.
A thousand passengers. Where'U he get
For a time it looked as though the
pessimists were right. Traffic didn't
appear with any degree of alacrity. But
instead of humbly apologizing to his
superiors for his mistake, Captain Troup
demanded and obtained permission to
order two more vessels, one of double the
capacity of the Victoria. And with these
three boats operating between the three
Sound cities, Captain Troup justified his
vision of the future.
Picture three rapidly growing cities,
each with ample deep sea harbors within a
:ew hours' sail of each other, and you
lave the intrepid captain's vision. Vancouver, terminus of the Canadian Pacific
Railway on the mainland; Victoria,
eighty-three miles southwest on the tip of
Vancouver Island and British Columbia's
first city; and Seattle, Wash., eighty-
one miles south of Victoria on Puget
Sound and 145 miles direct from Vancouver. This was the triangle that
Captain Troup determined to develop
and serve. And this is the service that is
today conceded to be second to none the
world over in everything that goes to
make ferry service—speed, frequency,
safety, and comfort unto luxury. Today
the tourist season is cared for between
these three cities by the Princess Marguerite, flagship of 5,875 tons and a
passenger capacity of 1,500, and her
sister ship Princess Kathleen, travelling
in opposite directions and making the
round trip each twenty-four hours on the
full triangle. While, in addition to this, a
direct night service between Victoria and
Vancouver is maintained by the two
latest vessels built especially for the
service, the Princesses Elizabeth and Joan
of   5,500   tons   gross,    1,500-passenger
capacity and bed accommodation for 408.'
This ferry service is today also considered an indispensable link in the
transcontinental route from Montreal,
the hours being advertised as ninety-
three to Victoria and ninety-eight to
Seattle. But in addition to the triangle
service, there are many other regular
runs maintained to various points along
that rugged Western coast that are
equally indispensable. Most prominent
of these are the Skagway run of nearly a
thousand miles giving a waypoint service
to Prince Rupert and three Alaskan
ports, and the west coast of Vancouver
Island run which serves the many fishing
ports and canneries.
The Skagway run has become famous
throughout the continent as an eight-day
summer pleasure tour, and not one of the
bi-weekly boats leaves Vancouver without
several honeymoon couples aboard. For
the Vancouver Island west coast service a
vessel, the Princess Norah, has been
especially fitted with a bow rudder to
assist in manoeuvring the exceptionally
tricky landings along this windswept
coast that was long ago termed the
"graveyard of the Pacific." Being 285
miles in length, Vancouver Island is only
seventeen miles shorter than Ireland and
only approximately one-half of its area.
And the west coast, being the last stand
of the savage in Canada, suggests a
wealth of historical romance—tragedy,
mystery, and cold-blooded massacres.
Another important link provided by
the orange-funnelled line is that between
Vancouver and the coal city of Nanaimo
on Vancouver Island, to which a double
daily service is run on a schedule that
matches any railway for punctuality.
A Delightful Summer Trip
THAT 750,000 people testify annually
to the necessity and reliability of the
Princess service in uniting Canada's most
westerly ports, is sufficient evidence that
this line is equally important with the
railways. How this service is maintained
on schedules that are at least ninety per
cent as reliable as any railway the whole
year round and under the most trying of
weather conditions, is a story that brings
into play the very finest traits of skill and
courage on the part of these intrepid
To best illustrate this skill, let us take
three trips on one leg of the triangle
service under as many different weather
It is ten o'clock on a beautiful summer
morning in Vancouver. At the foot of
Granville Street, where the orange funnels
with black tops are grouped on both sides
and at the end of Pier D, throngs of
tourists and holiday-makers eagerly find
their various ways to gangplanks according to the trip they have decided upon.
Close in on one side, two excursion boats
Continued on page 38
 '•lining  over   1,000  tons  of  steel,   solid    "•-" ........
3ugh to bear the International Limited
jndering across—just to make a plat-
i across the river that would be handy
/om which to pour the concrete down
lor the dam and the power house.
This great bridge, already taking shape
across the gorge, leads to a dead end.
There will be tracks on it to bear the
concrete-laden trains, but they will lead
nowhere. On the far bank there will be
just wilderness. The bridge is only an
expedient, like the tunnels, to make
possible the building of the dam. Like
the tunnels, it will be scrapped when the
dam is built. At least it will have no
further use, though it may be left, since
it might cost more to take down than it
would be worth as old iron in the wilderness. So in the wilderness it is likely to
remain as a memorial to a magnificent
gesture in construction.
All this Harry McLean built and more.
Not all at once, of course, but gradually,
several things at a time, by co-ordination.
He laid in his three miles of track. He
brought in his trains, his machinery,
equipment, material to build a town; his
army of men, engineers, superintendents,
woodsmen, carpenters, locomotive
drivers, explosives experts, miners, drillers
and common laborers. The bush was cut
down and a clearing made on top of the
rocks. Buildings from machine-shops to
bunkhouses went up at the rate of one a
day until there were seventy of them;
trackage was laid all over the place;
sewers were installed; a double chlorina-
tion plant was set up; electric power was
brought up through the bush from the
development at Island Falls, thirty miles
A compact vivid little industrial centre
was established at the same time that the
work of diverting the Abitibi by tunnels
was got under way. At the same time
that some men were building houses fit
for family units to live in, other men were
out on the ledges of the west precipice of
the canyon chipping off the shale rock,
setting great cranes on them and sinking
the shaft; while still other men, right
down by the edge of the water, began
quarrying at the entrances and exits of
the two tunnels, working from both ends.
Later, they were to attack the problem
of finishing the tunnels more rapidly by
working on them north and south from
the bottom of the shaft whose base struck
right at the middle of the two of them.
Thus, eventually the two tunnels were cut
out from eight headings, four to each
tunnel, both ways from the centre at the
bottom of the shaft and from both ends.
A Made-to-Order Town
SO THE town of Fraserdale, scarcely
six months old, has arisen seventy odd
miles north of Cochrane, almost halfway
to Moose Factory, right on the rolling
west bank of the Abitibi Canyon. It is
by way of being a miracle town, for it is
no old-time construction camp but a
modern, comfortable if bleak little city.
It has electric light, chlorinated water,
showerbaths, sewers. It has a school,
for a number of Harry McLean's men
over a dozen pool and billiard tables.
There are reading rooms for the foremen.
At Christmas there was a Christmas tree
and Harry McLean played Santa Claus
to the children. Then there was a dance.
Movies are shown sometimes.
But grim work is this comfortable
camp's reason for being. All through the
harsh Northern winter work went on endlessly to the tune of three shifts a day.
Night and day, over two hundred feet
down in the rock, men drilled ceaselessly
with power drills and placed thousands of
charges of dynamite to blast through the
tunnels before winter should cease and the
river rise in spring flood to chase them
out. Night and day the bleak, rolling
rocks in back from the canyon, shorn bare
of trees, grumbled and rumbled with the
reverberations of the explosions.
Down in the tunnels it was bitterly
cold, a damp raw cold that started men
coughing. Above ground it was zero
most of the time. Down in the rock
caves which the men were gouging out,
below the level of the river, it was still
colder. But men and machines, air-driven
drills with the compressed air coming
from the power house through long
surface pipes kept from freezing by fires
at regular intervals, big steam shovels
and mucking hoists, drove tirelessly at
the rock in the blaze of powerful searchlights which found it hard to pierce the
subterranean murk in order that the job
might be done in time.
In the spring when the tunnels are
finished, the river blocked by cofferdams
and diverted, and the site laid bare,
hundreds of men will undertake the
hewing out of foundations in which to
anchor the dam at the base and at the
ends and for the power house. They will
attack the shale that has lain for centuries
on the surface of the bed now laid bare,
and cut well into the underlying rock
By that time, synchronizing the various
phases, the steel bridge will have been
finished and the pouring of concrete will
The dam alone will take over 400,000
cubic feet of concrete. The power house]
retaining wall on the west side, core wall)
and spillway on the east, will take 200,0001
cubic feet more. Altogether, over 600,000
cubic feet of concrete will have been
poured when the job is ended a couple of
years hence.
In order to provide concrete in fast,
wholesale fashion for this tremendous!
feat of pouring, Harry McLean has
erected a rock-crushing plant and a
cement mixing plant, the two joined by a
conveyor belt 300 feet long to form a
unit of continuous operation. These
plants, tall as young grain elevators, are
built of timbers hewn from Douglas fir.
High up in one is the crushing machinery,
the mortars, the screens that will grind
and grade the rock excavated from the
tunnels to selected sizes. High in the
other is a battery of five steel mixers that
will pour as they revolve a ceaseless supply
of heated concrete. For, until summer
comes, the cement will have to arrive at
the job, hot enough to pour fluidly.
Like the steel bridge, like the tunnels.
Continued from page 36
display streamers of gaily colored flags as
their decks swarm with laughing men,
women and children bound for a day at
Seaside Park or to one of the fascinating
gulf islands.
Farther along, truckers are busily loading freight and supplies into the Princess
Louise, and the sign hanging at the gangplank reads, "Sailing for Skagway,
Alaska, at 9 p.m."
At the next berth the Princess Elaine
has already cast off and is whistling a
warning that she is about to back into the
harbor on her two-hour dash to Nanaimo.
Out at the end another Princess ship is
loading leisurely for Powell River and
upcoast points.
On the far side the Princess Joan noses
saucily into the very street, proudly displaying her shining paint and brass work
to the never-tiring cluster of loiterers who
line the rail above. And immediately
behind her a constant stream of passengers winds down to the side of the
Princess Marguerite, crosses the gangplank and eagerly searches out their
choice of position for the four-hour sail to
At ten-thirty promptly the short warning whistle is blown and the tall, square-
shouldered figure of Captain Hunter
steps briskly out on the bridge and gives a
quiet comn|and. The scraping of the
plank is heard, followed by the splash of
rope in water as the heavy lines are cast
off, and engines set propellers churning up
the salt water. Five minutes later the
368-foot vessel is turning in a wide sweep
toward First Narrows, now known as
Lions' Gate. Behind lies a scene of active
commerce. Freighters from all over the
world lie at elevators, factory docks,
railway or government piers, exchanging
cargoes, or tug fretfully at anchor in
midstream awaiting their turn.
To the right Grouse and Crown
mountains tower more than four thousand feet in the sky, and straight ahead
the twin peaks of the Lions smile their
snow-capped approval of this ever changing scene below. Brockton Point lighthouse is passed quickly and the keen bow
of the ship plunges into the tide rip of
the narrowing channel. A few hundred
yards to the left picnic parties are already
scattering beneath the huge fir trees of
Stanley Park, and autos skirt the sea wall
and dart momentarily from view behind
the trees.
Now a huge dragon figurehead—all that
remains of the little Empress of Japan,
once queen of the Pacific—bids us bon
voyage from its pedestal on the beach.
Presently we meet a huge blue-funnel
liner hastening in with its cargo from the
Orient, and on the other side a tiny ferry
bobs about like a cork on the swells
bound for West Vancouver.
With the passing of Prospect Point the
channel suddenly widens into English
Bay, and over beyond Siwash Rock a
tugboat struggles against the tide in the
seemingly hopeless task of towing a third
of a mile of logs into the channel we have
just left. Dead ahead a huge white shape
is seen plowing up the smooth waters of
the bay, and in almost a minute we are
abreast of the great Empress of Canada
rushing a cargo of silk to New York via
rail from Vancouver.
An hour later we pass the mouth of the
Fraser River, where the gulf is dotted
with fishing boats gathering in the harvest
of British Columbia salmon. Occasionally
an exclamation is heard from an excited
passenger as a sporting porpoise dashes
through the swells or a small whale or
blackfish shows its rolling shape above the
The trip half over, we find our boat
has suddenly entered a rock-bound
channel and presently must swerve
sharply in a right turn where Active Pass
divides a pair of islands. Dodging a
series of islands of various sizes, we at
last swing wide at the tip of Vancouver
Island to enter the intricate passage to
Victoria's inner harbor, where we land
four hours after leaving Vancouver.
Blind Navigation
'"PHE scene shifts to late fall or winter.
*■ Over this entire stretch of water that
is such an endless delight in summer
there now rests an impenetrable blanket
of fog. At times the captain, peering
anxiously from the bridge, cannot make
out the figure of the lookout on the
forward bow below.
Periodically he reaches for the whistle
cord to wrench a short, sharp blast. And
as the noise penetrates the curtain that
envelopes the groping ship to strike
sharply against the first obstruction of
land, the captain listens intently for the
rebound, the echo. Travelling approximately a thousand feet per second the
sound presently returns, and according
to the length of time it Shas been out the
distance is calculated.
This and an intimate knowledge of
every detail of the shore for the entire
trip, together with a log record of former
trips made under all known conditions of
tide and current, constitutes the eyes of
the ship when vision is obscured.
Cautiously   yet   steadily   the   vessel
the harbor toward the dock, inbound.
Here is heard a regular medley of weird
whistles—short, shrill blasts, heavy,
booming blasts. Singly they sound or in
series, each denoting a stated purpose.
Ferryboats are seeking their slips or
putting out across the harbor, passenger
boats from other wharfs are casting off
for points up coast in a faithful endeavor
to give their advertised service. Each of
these must be avoided, though never seen.
Then at last quite suddenly the echo
from the ship whistle strikes back .with
terrific force. A minute later a dark bulk
looms and the passenger realizes that the
boat is slipping into her berth. From
Seattle the boat has in some uncanny
manner blindly navigated 145 miles of
perilous water finally to find this 300-foot
space between two piers.
And at the moment before the final
order is given, when all is still with an
expectant hush, a voice is heard from the
bridge above. It is a quiet voice spoken
in an ordinary tone, but through the
hush it penetrates the fog quite clearly.
"I'd hate to have to drive an automobile through this."
Looking up and peering closer, the
passenger can make out the tall figure
with   the   slightly   wrinkled   face   in   a
The "Charmer," formerly known as the "Premier," the ship in which
Captain John Irving "jumped" the border.
makes it way in this uncanny manner,
threading narrow channels, skirting rock-
bound shores or plowing through the
centre of a five-mile gulf. But always
from the moment of casting off, the
skipper remains on the bridge peering into
the murk, issuing quiet, crisp orders or
momentarily studying his chart. And
ever the deep sonorous note of the big
whistle blasts the stillness of the day or
night, serving the dual purpose of echo
and warning to other craft that may be
miles away or but a few yards.
Always during foggy trips additional
precautions are taken and bulkhead doors
are kept closed against possible collision,
while down in the engine room a double
watch stands by with hands on levers
ready at the first clash of the signal to
stop or reverse engines. By this precaution an engine may be reversed from
full speed ahead to full astern in seven
How well this system of precaution
works is best illustrated by an incident
some years ago on English Bay. The old
S. S. Joan was feeling her way through
one of the thickest fogs of the season
when dead ahead sounded a whistle. An
instant later the order to reverse engines
on one side and full speed ahead with the
other side was obeyed by lightning hands
and a few seconds more a huge liner
scraped by.
"You couldn't put a sheet of paper
between us," the sailor exclaimed, describing the incident. "If that engineer had
been standing with his hands in his
pockets instead of on the levers we would
have been joining the fishes that
The Princess vessel successfully negotiates the Narrows at last and swings across
peaked cap and slicker. Captain Hunter,
commodore of the Princess fleet with
forty-two years of service behind him,
has just completed another all night's
vigil on the bridge, guiding this 3,000-ton
vessel through tide and current and fog,
arriving less than an hour late on its
schedule with a hundred or more passengers confidently sleeping below. And
he'd rather do that than drive a flivver
on a street!
An Exciting Night
AGAIN the scene shifts. Captain
• "Tommy" Rippon, next to the
commodore in seniority and popularity
and during the dense fog period of late
1925 said to be the only skipper to pilot a
boat in and out of Seattle harbor for
forty-eight hours, is sheltering his ship,
the 4,200-ton Princess Louise, behind a
small island in Puget Sound near Port
Townsend against what has been considered the worst snowstorm ever experienced on West Coast waters.
Fog is bad, say the skippers; very bad.
But snow is worse for the reason that it
deadens sound and the echo is rendered
almost impracticable. Thus only records,
with science and mathematics, remain.
And these may fail under a high wind
velocity such as accompanies an unusual
Four vessels are somewhere out on the
waters of Puget Sound and Georgian
Gulf—one each way between Vancouver
and Victoria and one each way between
Vancouver and Seattle. From Vancouver
outbound for Seattle, Captain Griffin,
now retired, has turned about face near
Active Pass to heave to and await the
abatement of the storm, on the Princess
MacLean's Magazine, May 1, 1931
Victoria. Some distance behind comes the
Princess Adelaide with the veteran
Captain Hunter, who also decides to
heave to in English Bay.
From Victoria outbound for Vancouver,
the Princess Alice has been driven from
her course and, unable to obtain shelter,
suddenly finds herself grazing the rocks
of Morseby Island. Captain Armiston
immediately sends out a wireless call for
help. And almost instantly he receives
the heartening reply from Captain
Into the teeth of that blizzard drove
the staunch Princess Louise. Fifty miles
to go! More than two hours of forced
running under the best of conditions. It
seemed a hopeless task from the start,
for if the Alice was badly damaged she
could scarcely keep afloat until the Louise
arrived. And what guarantee had
Captain Rippon that his ship would not
meet the same fate? Yet "Tommy"
simply answered "Coming" and ordered
full steam ahead.
The Louise had reached a point well
out from her shelter when the wireless
again chattered, and presently the operator presented Captain Rippon with
another message from the Alice.
"Putting back to Victoria alone."
"Fine! Great!" wheezed the skipper
from his place on the peak of the bridge.
"But where do we go from here? They
can go back, maybe. But we can't.
We're out here now and we've got to
stay out, and what's more we've got to
keep going!"
And keep going they did. That night
will live always in Captain Rippon's
memory. It was impossible to stay on the
bridge more than a few seconds at a time
without dodging behind the pilot house to
get his breath and renew the circulation
in his face and hands. Yet hour after
maddening hour he .was obliged to stay
up there, forcing by sTieirdoggea will
power his senses to function against the
fury of that blizzard.
Trains are often forced to fight blizzards
in the course of their duties, but at least
they are not in danger of sinking if they
stall. And they have means of knowing
their position at all times. Deny all this
to the skipper on the bridge, add to this
the most intense physical discomfort and
fatigue and the responsibility of hundreds
of lives dependent on his skill, and we
have some conception of the position of
Captain Rippon as he struggled the long
night through on the bridge of the
Princess Louise.
Six hours late on a schedule that is
known for its punctuality, the good ship
berthed at Vancouver and the passengers
disembarked wearily with only a casual
remark for the skill that had brought
them through. But Captain Rippon
nursed a frozen nose and ears for the
balance of the winter.
Meanwhile, aboard the Princess Alice
passengers had been called as a "matter
of routine after accident" and many had
returned to their berths, while others
clustered about the piano in the saloon
and sang the night away.
But up in the pilot house the anxiety
had not abated. Would they make it
back to Victoria? Every few minutes
brought fresh reports from below. "It's
getting worse! We're holding our own.
Can you keep her in her course? How
much farther is it? If the pumps will only
hold out. There's an awful hole in her.
Thirty miles to go. Twenty. Ten. But
keep smiling, boys. Don't let the
passengers worry."
They limped into the shelter of Victoria
Bay at last, and disembarking passengers,
grumbling more or less at the disappointment of being returned to their starting
point, casually looked over the side and
saw a heavy stream of water pouring
from the ship's side. Even then few of
them realized how near to disaster they
had been that night. But the master and
crew heaved sighs of relief that one of
their worst experiences was safely over.
The End
 MacLean's Magazine, May 1, 1931
9 The purchasing power of your dol- of such ample horsepower that fine
lars is raised to new heights when you performance is assured through-
invest them in the New De Soto Six. out a great variety of speed
Obviously, the value of a dollar is ranges. It has a new double-drop
measured by its ability to buy what you frame, which permits it to be built
desire. And whatever your motoring close to the road without chang-
wants, they will be satisfied amply by a ing its ample interior dimensions,
car that includes many improvements The center of gravity is thus materially
and refinements, yet is by many dollars lowered, promoting safety. It has a longer
the lowest-priced six ever offered by hood, a narrow-profile radiator and
De Soto. Here are some of the major a single-bar bumper, which contribute
reasons why the De Soto      q,   ^-w      ^-^       mp to its swagger, youthfui
Six is a value at this new QW     W^     #^ appearance. It has an inl
and lower price: It has a     AND CP> F- °- B- Windsor, Ontario     proved Steelweld body—
"                                                   including standard factory equipment
„ , , (freight and taxes extra).    Six wire wheels ., ir J J        •	
smooth, flexible engine at slight extra cost. silent, sate and enduring.
THE NEW DE SOTO EIGHT, companion to the Six, is the kind of an eight-cylinder
car that many motorists always have wanted but that few could afford until
De Soto brought it into the moderate-priced field. $1230 and up, f. o. b. Windsor.
D E      SOTO
Division      of
C h
y s
I er      Corporation      of      Canada,      Limited,      Windsor,      Ontario
 Ship and Shore by Norman Hacking
. Province _
Romance sails with CPR's Princess fleet
Province Marine Editor
I'm going to indulge in a bit of history
today, because I've just read the report of
a public address made in Montreal by
Dr. W. Kaye Lamb, dominion archivist
and librarian.
Dr. Lamb is a native son of B.C.,
formerly provincial archivist and librarian
of UBC, and since boyhood his hobby has
been ships, particularly the ships of the
B.C. coast.
This week he took time off from his
many duties to tell a Montreal audience
something of the romantic history of the
Princess fleet on this coast.
, FEW STEAMSHIP companies in the
world have a longer consecutive history,
for the CPR Princesses follow in direct
succession from the first steamship ever
to sail the North Pacific, the famous Beaver
of 1835.
The Beaver was built for the fur trade
by Hudson's Bay Co., who later built several other pioneer steamers such as the
Otter and the Labouchere.
In 1883 Hudson's Bay Co. shipping interests on this coast were consolidated into
Canadian Pacific Navigation Co. Ltd.,
managed by the -redoubtable Capt. John
Irving, who I; knew well before he died
about 1937.
The CPR was anxious to have a coast
steamship service linking with their trans
continental train service, so in 1901 they
bought out the Hudson's Bay Co. and
Irving shipping interests and formed the
present B.C. Coast Steamship Service. First
manager was Capt. J. W. Troup, formerly
manager of CPR services on Kootenay and
Arrow  Lakes.
UNDER CAPT. TROUP'S management
the Princess fleet was built up to become
one of the finest coastwise passenger fleets
in the world.
In his Montreal address, Dr. Lamb
pointed out there have been 46 passenger
and freight vessels in the Princess fleet
since 1901, of which 14 were obtained in
the original purchase, 24 were constructed
by the company and eight were bought.
I wasn't born in 1901 ... far from it
... but I tried to recall the names of the
original 14 vessels, and here they are, for
the sake of old timers:
There were two side-wheelers in the
original fleet, the Princess Louise and
Yosemite. The Louise, sometimes irreverently called. the "Princess Lousie," was
the first to carry the name of a Princess.
Both ran across to Victoria in the early
There were three1 stern-wheelers running on the Fraser, as far up the river
as Yale. They were the R. P. Rithet, big
gest sternwheeler ever seen in B.C. waters,
the Transfer and the Beaver, second of the
name, which became a Ladner ferry.
THERE WERE FOUR wooden screw
steamers in the original fleet, and all of
them would look pretty insignificant today.
These were the ancient Maude, built in
1872; the Queen City, built in Vancouver for
the sealing trade; the second Otter, well-
known on the Gulf Islands run; and the
Willapa, which outlasted them all, and
was burned at Seattle in 1952.
Remainder of the original fleet were
steel or iron, consisting of the Islander,
Charmer, Danube, Amur and Tees.
The Islander, pride of the fleet, sank
after striking an iceberg near Juneau in
1901. The Charmer is still remembered
affectionately, for she ran on the Nanaimo
and Powell River runs until 1935.
The Danube was historic, for she was
built in 1869. It is said she was one of the
first ships to go through the Suez Canal,
and she carried the body of David Livingstone home from Africa.
The Amur and the Tees were freighters
which had long lives on the coast. The
Amur was renamed the Famous and the
Tees became the Salvage Queen.
They have all gone to their reward, but
the Princess  service carries  on.
 Phone and Mail
Orders promptly
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 The first of the new vessels to
reach here on order was the Princess
Victoria, which was built in 190 2,
and arrived here to enter the triangular service in the following year. The
Princess Beatrice was added in the
same year, followed by the Princess
Royal in 1907. In 1907 the company
also brought out the Princess Ena,
which has been an effective assistance
in the freight service of recent years.
The Princess May, since sold out of
the service, dates from the same
In 190 8 the Princess Charlotte was
added to the fleet, being joined . in
1911 by the Princess Alice. Next
came the Princess Patricia, for the
Vancouver-Nanaimo run. She had
'been built in 1902, and was ten
years old when purchased by the
Canadian Pacific Railway in 1912. In
19 10 the Princess Mary had been
Thc  year   1913   saw   the   acquisition
of  the   Princess    Maquinna     for     the
West   Coast   run,   and    thc      Princess
Adelaide also came out that year.
Two  Vessels Deflected
In 1914, when war broke out, the
two vessels, Princess Margaret and
Princess Irene, were ready to sail io
this  Coast  for  the  triangular  service^.
 j_.ang,   seven   u&n
HATCHING   eggs,    uttlJ'
and   Black   Minorc   .
livered.     :  ill_-:ide  Puul!..
Phone   \;',: *
v Barred Roc':
$1.50 per 13, de
X*   i   Lang  Street
HICHJ..V"     price;     pa .1     for    fresh     eggs
Hillside   Poulx- \   140',   Lang   St.     Phon
1334.     We   collect.
chicks     th
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prices   on
thi&     we-
guaranteed    sirains.
eggs.     All  breed        J
Aberdeen  pupp-k-.-t' 3 ■
St.     Phone   19ti8.
Q 75 K.I.R. lli
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WK liver    egg
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f\ '• . " 'ine cod- f_rei .rom 250-275 -eg;
-*_) p -ri, ;-,. !y strain, ?o.50 each. Cypher
incubator, ,.:)0-eg*r, good order, $17. F. E
Tuck'y.     PI one  Ct.lq.uitz   47Q.
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each;    day-ol
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T^OR Wain tlnQjL     P-.  __■■.-__-_.
 Coastwise Fleet Has
<3> «•
Kept Up With Development
Canadian Pacific Has Operated Services Twenty-
seven Years.
Many Famous Ships Were
In the Group When It
Was Bought.
THE story of the Canadian Pacific Coastwise SS. Services
Ltd., is an integral and important part of the history of British Columbia. As the province expanded, so expanded the fleet,
abreast or ahead of the country's
development. Today its vessels include the finest and fastest vessels
in the world, in the steamships
Princess Kathleen and Princess Marguerite.
In twenty-seven years the tonnage
lias Increased 400 per cent., and the
services have been extended to cover
all parts of th© coast. Where 50,000
and 60,000 passengers was a big total
carriage for a year, previous to 1900,
the average is now in the neighborhood
of the thre_-quarter million mark.
. The C.P.C.SS.S. was originally the
Canadian Pacific Navigation Co. formed
on January 6, 1883, with Commodore
John Irving, R. P. Rithet, •William
Spring, P. McQuade, M. W. T. Drake,
William Charles and Alex. Munroe at
the head. They had the following
R. P. Rithet, 297 tons; Princess
Louise, 271 tons; William Irving, 276
tons; Western Slope, 272 tons; Enterprise, 328 tons; Reliance, 244 tons;
Otter, 383 tons; Maude, 322 tons; Gertrude, 297 tons; Yosemite, 304 tons.
In the ensuing seventeen years the
company carried on active business and
developed to a certain extent to the
time they sold out to the Canadian
Pacific Railway In 1900. At that time
they were operating the Islander,
Charmer, Danube (now Victoria of
Alaska SS. Co., Seattle), Tees (now
Salvage Queen of Victoria), R. P.
Rithet, Transfer, Beaver, Amur, Yosemite, Princess Louise, Queen City,
Maude and Willapa. The R. P. Rithet,
Transfer and Beaver were stem wheelers; the Yosemite and Princess Louise
were sidewheelers.
The services were: Three trips weekly, Victoria to New Westminster, by the
steamer R. P. Rithet in summer, and
steamer Princess Louise in winter; the
Charmer was the dally ship from Vancouver to Victoria; the Transfer ran
daily between New Westminster and
Steveston, making two trips on market
days with Ladner the chief port of call;
the Beaver; now a ferryboat on the
Fraser, ran between New Westminster
and Chilliwack; the Islander and the
Danube were on the Skagway run; the
Princess May, ex-Hating, ran to' Alaska;
SS. Amur freighted to the northern
coast; the Tees made the run on the
west coast of Vancouver Island.
The It. P. Rithet is gone; the Princess
Louise reverted to a hulk and finally
was wrecked; the Transfer has vanished; the Amur Is now the coast
freighter Famous; the Princess May Is
on a fruit run between New York and
the West Indies; the Islander was lost
tn Alaskan waters and hundreds of
passengers perished; the Charmer, ex-
Premier, one of the most historic vessels of the coast, built In 1886, is still
a well-found, seaworthy and serviceable
The Canadian Pacific Railway bought
the Canadian Pacific Navigation fleet,
obtaining 10,097 gross tons of shipping. Today the tonnage of the fleet is,
45,000 gross. In 1904 the passenget-
business totalled 62,000; In 1924 lt was
more than 700,000.
Expansion of the fleet commenced in
1903 when the steamer Princess Victoria was built. She was by far the
largest, finest and fastest passenger
liner on the Pacific Coast, and some
predicted she would be a costly "white
elephant," But her success was so Immediate and marked that five years
later her sister ship was bulltSS—SS.
Princess   Charlotte.     For  years,   until
the arrival of the Princesses Marguerite
and Kathleen, they were the queens of
traffic on the triangle run, Vancouver
to Victoria to Seattle.
Today the ships of the fleet serve
the Yukon, Alaska, all the British Columbia mainland, the Gulf Islands, all
of Vancouver Island, Seattle, carrying
passengers, cargoes, malls, on set schedules as rigid almost as railway timetables. The organization Is one of the!
most perfect steamship bodies, with, a
personnel including some of the best
master mariners and engineers In the
ee in the Office, otherwise
 Coastwise Fleet
Kept Up With Developmeiit
Canadian Pacific Has Operated Services Twenty-
seven Years.
[M* \y Famous Ships Were
he Group When It
Was Bought.
THE sto.-y of the Canadian Pacific Coastwise SS. Services
Ltd., is tan integral and important part\>f the history of British Columbia. As the province expanded, so expanded the fleet,
abreast or ahead of the country's
development. Today its vessels include the finest and fastest vessels
in the world, in the steamships
Princess Kathleen and Princess Marguerite.
In twenty-seven years the tonnage,
has Increased- 400 per cent., and the
services have been extended to cover
all parts of the coast. Where 50,000
and 60,000 passengers was a big total
carriage for a year, previous to 1900,
the average is now in the neighborhood
of the three-quarter million mark.
The C.P.C.SS.S. was originally the
Canadian Pacific Navigation Co. formed
on January 6, 1883, with Commodore
John Irving, R. P. Rithet, William
Spring, P. McQuade, M. W. T. Drake,
William Charles and Alex. Munroe at
the head. They had the following
R. P. Rithet, 297 tons; "Princess
Louise, 271 tons; William Irving, 276
tons; Western Slope, 272 tons; Enter-,
prise, 328 tons; Reliance, 244 tons;
Otter, 383 tons; Maude, 322 tons; Gertrude, 297 tons; Yosemite, 304 tons.
In the ensuing' seventeen years the
company carried on active business and
developed to a certain extent to the-
time they sold out to the Canadian
Pacific Railway in 1900. At that time
they were operating the Islander,
Charmer, Danube (now Victoria of
Alaska SS. Co., Seattle), Tees (now
Salvage Queen of Victoria), R. P.
Rithet, Transfer, Beaver, Amur, Yosemite, Princess Louise, Queen City,
Maude and Willapa. The R. P. Rithet,
Transfer and Beaver were stern wheelers; the Yosemite and Princess Louise
were sidewheelers. -	
The services were: Three trips weekly, Victoria to New Westminster, by the
steamer R. P. Rithet in summer, and
steamer Princess Louise in winter; the
Charmer was the daily ship from Vancouver to Victoria; the Transfer ran
daily between New Westminster and
Steveston, making two trips on market
days with Ladner the chief port of call;
the Beaver, now a ferryboat on the
Fraser, ran between New Westminster
and Chilliwack; the Islander and the
Danube were on the Skagway run; the
Princess May, ex-Hating, ran to Alaska;
SS. Amur freighted to the northern
coast; the Tees made the run: on the
west coast of Vancouver Island.
The R. P. Rithet is gone; the Princess i
Louise reverted to a hulk and finally
was wrecked; the Transfer has vanished; the Amur is now the coast
freighter Famous; the Princess May is
on a fruit run between New York and
the West Indies; the Islander was lost
in Alaskan waters and hundreds of
passengers perished; the Charmer, ex-
Premier, one of the most historic vessels of the coast, built in 1886, is still
a well-found, seaworthy and serviceable
The Canadian Pacific Railway bought
the -Canadian Pacific Navigation fleet,
obtaining 10,097 gross tons of shipping. Today the tonnage of the fleet Is
45,000 gross. In 1904 the passenger
business totalled 62,000; in 1924 it was
more than 700,000.
Expansion of the fleet commenced in
1903 when the steamer Princess Victoria was built. She was by far the
largest, finest and fastest passenger
liner.on the Pacific Coast, and some
predicted she would be a costly ."white
elephant." But her success was so immediate and marked that five years
later her sister ship was built—SS.
Princess   Charlotte.     For  years,   unto
Capt. George Robarts,
Veteran Coast Pilot,
< Heads List In B. C.
TWENTY years ago, on September
30, 1907, Captain George Robarts
■w. o "nnointed a British Columbia
Coast pilot, succeeding: Captain J. '
R. Reardpn, de- j
Captain Robarts
is now top pilot
in British Colum- '
bia, his chief duty
being, to bring up
the Empress liners
of the Canadian
Pacific SS. Ltd.
He guides the,
liners In when they
reach Race' Rocks
with their passengers and valuable
freights; and out
to Race Rocks
on their voyages to the Orient.
■the arrival of the Princesses Marguerite
S and Kathleen, they were the queens, of
traffic on the triangle run, Vancouver
|to Victoria to Seattle.
1 Today the sh^ps of the fleet, serve
ithe Yukon, Alaska, all the British Columbia mainland, the Gulf Islands, all
of Vancouver Island, Seattle, carrying
. passengers, cargoes, mails, on set schedules aer rigid almost as railway time-,
tables.:.' The organization is one of the
most perfect steamship bodies, with a
personnel including some of the best,
master mariners and engineers In the
 Lt." J 7«
■■:■-iyM ■mi^s-totam-miw ■■■-■.<-■.■:-.
:iS:%---:.S. ?■
chief coach
™-*z. and
j; of
xor a
irents at
was a
-f his
^   been
•he start
.-■u States
ltxfmselves pro- \
Ho for Victoria "—Characteristic
Scene at Wharf These Dags
. * , ■■ -■■■
 and catching onto some inflammable
material lying near spread with great
rapidity to everyportion of the building. The loss is estimated at $10,000.
partially covered by insurance.
The Evening- Post invites correspondence on topios of public interest.
The editor reserves the right to ao-
cept or.reject proffered correspondence.
Ho personalities will be printed.
Letters may be signed with a "non
de plume" but the real name and address of the writer must in every instance be  given.
Hassam Paving.
Editor   The   Evening   Post:
Sir,—My attention has been called to
an article in your issue of the 25th ulto.
headed "Pavementitis" which is full of
untrue and incorrect  statements.
"Hassam" paving is laid down in the
following  manner:
(1) The road is graded and the spoil
(2) The roadbed is then rolled with
a  very heavy  tandem  steam  roller.
(3) A layer  of 6   in.   to   9   in.   deep  of
in water bills will in a short time more
than  make  up  for  the  extra cost."
This should be what the citizens of
Victoria want.
In St. Joseph, Missouri, they are taking up paving brick and laying Hassam
in  its  place.
In Bellefontaine, Ohio, what is practically a limestone Hassam has been
down for sixteen years ana is as good
as when it was  first put down.
If the cement and other ingredients
used in laying Hassam are not good or
the pavement be laid where the temperature at any time of the day or night
falls below 35 degrees F. there is likely
to be trouble as there is with the laying of any form of concrete. There is
no chance of this during the summer
and   autumn   months   in   this   country.
The Long Island Motor Park Company headed by W. K. Vanderbilt, Jr..
with unlimited money and engineering
skill at their command,- after the actual
experiments and tests of their engineers
on sample stretches of Hassam and the
other smooth surface pavements awarded the contract, amounting to several
millions of dollars, the largest paving
contract ever placed, to the Hassam
Paving company. The course is GO
miles long, and 100 feet wide. It was
over  this   road   in   the   Vanderbilt   cup
it is quite possible that lie might traue
on it too far.
The Victoria Theatre.
Edmund Gardiner opens his fifth
week at the Victoria Theatre tonight
under most auspicious circumstances.
The legal and personal troubles with
his associates have been straightened
out, and he is left in sole and unfettered control of the enterprise with
nothing to hinder the successful
course of his engagement. He opens
this week with "Sweet Lavender,"
Arthur Pinero's delightful play which
has. ever proved such a favorite with
play-goers. A love drama of unusual
quality, it is also plentifully illuminated with touches of comedy and contains every element which helps to
provide a thoroughly. enjoyable evening. It also has the unusual faculty
of appealing both to the gallery and
to the orchestra stalls as well.
Bennett Southard will play Dick
Phynell, and Miss Gilbert will appear
in the title role. Mr. Gardiner himself
will take part as Horace Breem, a
Boston journalist, who contributes not
 V TIMKS, MONDAY, MAY 11, 1908.
C. P. R. Engaged in
Struggle fop Trade
The Rate War Is Waxing- Stronger—Reported Company Will Extend Operations
by Entering- on Nome Run.
■ placed    tin
t le run on Saturday [n din
to the  Alaska    Steamship    Company**!
i he i Chippewa, t he rate  ■
■ ■
i   to e Iganl lc    proportl' I
|    To-day it is announced £iat tl
R. will i
; ■    on  its most
I lompany,
with   thJ hip < !ompany,
Into Porl Towns* nd while the r i
rid thai  I he C.  P.  R. la contem-
on    the
Vancouver i run.
|     I-:. J. C
for the C,   !'.   R. .-tt   Vam i
til   of  the impany,
stating that owing to the presei
III Ion in the
pany would be unable to handle the C.
P.   P.  rhall  contract  Into  Port    Town-
send.    This means that    the    Princess
Victoria will ' a I Port Town-
Bertd or that a  smaller    boat  m
■ upon  a   diri
here and  that place.
The C. P. R.  offi* ill  not
dtsduss any ol of the
rat,' war, carefully guarding their Intentions until the time Is ripe for announcement.
r arrangemeni with Sphubach &
Hamilton, which flri ■ red thn
Norwegian steamship Transit. Capt.
Danlelson, now lying disengaged at
Nanaimo, the l'. P. R. will run a direct
service to Nome  from  this  port  com-
g on .Tune 5th at low freight and
'i"      Ti   i. ■■       which
■ the firsi steamship, will leave
on that date and arrangements are now
being made to equip so that she can obtain a license for the carrying i
At   present
she  has  no   passenger  accomm
but work on her will be rushed to have
her  ready   for  the  sa llftig    date.    The
■ fered on this
not  been announced although it  is ox-
pected   thai   they  will  be  made public
i.. (iourtney, C. P. R. agent, returned   from   Seattle   hy    the     Pi I
Victoria to-day, where, it I
met   with   Schubach   &   Hamilton     and
entered  Into arrangements for the dispatching of    the    Transit,     While     nol
denying thai an arrangement had bfe^n
consummated  Mr. (iourtney rote
make   any   statement.     The   return   of
Capt.     Troup,     super in ten. I.-ut     of   the
i <>ast  service,  is anticipated in a    few
days'   time,  when   the  rate   war will   bc
■ with Increa by the
Canadian com Uaska Steamship  Coi                                              ■ 9  have
i their intention of waging the
war to the bitter end and it is Impossible to rorecast the extent to which
the contest will grow during the pres-
< nt summer.
The C. P. R. lias never been behind
nixing good openings for trade.
[I Is only reasonable to suppose thai
the Company seeing the wonderful development which is to take    place olo
■ ist within the next few years
is about  to  take  advantage   ot  every |
■ route which will be tributary
to their system. The completion of the
O. T. P. to Prince Rupert will Introduce
another rival with a base near the lucrative trade of the north. ,\o doubt
the C. P. R. Is preparing to take the
lull advantage to follow having established i' ■
Tremendous excitement Is attending
the operation of the Princess Victoria
and Chippewa on the Sound run at cut
rates.     On   Saturday  night  lh(.  Princess
Victoria left here Corty-flve minutes after her opponent and heal her before
Port Townsend was reached, malting
Seattle In exactly four hours or over
an hour ahead nf the Alaska company's
steamship. This performance whetted
of the Sunday excursionists and yesterday the rate on the Chippewa was cut to fifty cents for the
round trip. The C. P. R. did not, however, follow the cut.
' Tn spite of the facl that the fare of
fifty cents eftch way was maintained
on the C, P. R. boat hundreds of tickets
that were sold  for the  trip  were    re-
■ Im     could     not   be
I        The      Chippewa,      although
smaller than the Princess, has a license   to   carry   1,250   passengers   set   hy
the United States Inspectors, and tne
Victoria carries 1,000, this limit being
set   by   the   Canadian  officials.
When  she  sailed   from  Seattle at    9
o'clock yesterday morning for this port
the Chippewa  carried  1,13.  passengers
and  Warner's band.    The Victoria carried   98 '      and     left     fifteen
r her rival bul   overhauled
the Chippewa  eight   miles  before Port
a.i    was    reached,    There   was
. iccitement on both vessels as the
three-Innnelrd    flyer   came      up   to   the
Alaska  Company's steamer and  as the
Vi< toria  passed  i lose to Use oth
the passengers swarmed to the rails to
leer _uid Qheer, according to their
private I he war.   The Chip-
... ed down until the C. P.
R. boat had edged away from her.
y the Princess Victoria left
Seattle at 9:16, carrying 25. passengers,
and rounded the eater wharf at five
minutes after one, making the excellent
time of three hours and fifty minutes,
hippewa rami' in an hour later
with only 55 passengers. The fares on
the Princss amounted to-day to $127
and on the Chippewa ,$27.50. This is
taken by the C. 1'. P.. officials to indicate that tiie local steamship win carry
double  the    passengers,     on   a   weekly
■■■, that her opponent will bring
and shipping men ant ieipate that it
will bring the Alaska Steamship Company to the extremity of makjng a further cut in  rates.
Last   night  the   Chippewa   carried   a
big  load   of   her  excursionists  back  to
nd   but,   owing  to   the  fact   that
the Princess left late;-, many of those
| who   took   round on   her
weni back on the Princess Vid
Many who
io  ihi   Bound
on  the   '
In    from   Sac
e Sound
at i a. m.
:,'.   is evidently  in   the fight
Inish and to-d tule fo.'
at lie throughout the summer. On
1 a h    u lien    the    fast      trans-con-
t im in. i .   p.   |;.
imenci d    the    Pi Incess   '
rain,   but   win   leavi
about     the     Vlc-
il   night
i was   11,.
Seattle  run,  the   Whatcom,  also being
then   the   Chippewa,   on   her   way  into
the Son
I lo-Telegraph)
iOSh,     .May     11,      noon.   —
wind    west,    1.".    miles;
I lutside,     bound     in.     a    freight
P:eln na.      May      11,      no
Partly cloudy ;   wind  soui hw ■■.-!.
Small   steamer   entering
i, May H. noon.—
(Hear,    strong   norl
■ r   Humboldt     south,    at
p.   m.
Poinl     Gi ey,     .May   11.   noon.—
South (vest   wind.    No shipping.
osh,     .May     II,    .1   a
Partly   cloudy;    wind      west.      1 .
miles;   barometer,   30;   temper?.-
t ui-.. 48. Schooner William
Bowden passed in. Sunday
night at 6:30 o'clock ami Bteam-
ship ArgVU al 8 o'clock. Cut,
to-day, schooner Taurus, at 8:30
Pachena, May 11, 9 a. m.—
cloudy;    light    westerly
wind:   sea   calm.     Xo  ship;
I.a/o.   May   11,   9  a.   m.—
northerly     wind.
No   shipping.
Poinl n, :< a. m.—
wind.      No -
(By  Dominion   Wire).
Carmanah.   May   II,   9  a.   m.—
Calm;   clear;   sea  smooth;    barometer,  29.90.    No shipping.
. May 11, 9 a. m.—
Northwest wind; clear.. Sea
mode: ate.     No   shipping.
Cape    Peak.   May   11,    noon.—
Strong.west wind; clear;  heavy
sea.     Fishing   schooner   in   Ear-
und at 11:30 a. m. Steamer   passed   east at   11:30  a.   m.
d of Finance and Trade
bock Quotations From  New York, Chicago
ndon—Doings in Wining Centres
Sprouts,  per lb	
I (Mexican), per crate
New  Cal.   Cheosb    ,
Onions    (Japanese)
Onions   (Australian)
Cal.   New  Potatpes
The London Exchangej
i By Courtesy  -.   \v. sti
■ money 	
. nit 	
P.  l:	
& a. w	
i. ...
.  2nd
!lli     ...
K.   &   I	
|N.   _   W	
mish  la 	
he putting in two of the pi
serious    amputation
'   within   a   period   of    seven
months   of   last   year—tho   question    has
leen   propounded,   "Pan   the  price  of  cop-
c< mi rolled?" bs >■.- i
fining Journal. The matter has been -leant at no great length, and always
n Bubdued tones, as if they who are
(talefly concerned In the matter did not
threshed oui in public, preferring
hat it c i " in order to
in r._'  views—i hi
being  the ones  who  in  tin
are   the   ones   that   must   be   con-
1'la    drop   From  26 cents  ..  pound
it   March   to   13J  cents a pound in   De-
ember   is   the   most   serious    ex'>
hat the copper producers of this *ounlry
lave  ever  undergone.     Some of  the  big
■as,   wise  iii   their generation,  were not
aught    asleep;    they    could   see    it   Coming,
0 they said, "Lot us make hay while the
an   shines,"—and   i hi y   kept
heir  mines  and  their  plant   going  at  full
apaclty, careful all  the while not  n. ac-
imulate   a   too   great   surplus,   realizing
tant   when    it
ol  he so much a question or price
s one of "no more copper wanted,*'
i  revert   to  the question:
ml rolled'.'     Th'
i\  gn of    the   North
i Montana,   Arizona,
ah,  Californ Sonera,
jo)  ;hat   are Interest
he problem,  with a seventh (Ne-
ilai  soon  to be equally  Interested with
■   oi her   six;   nor   should    K ■
■    C ■
v^gradi .   producing a _   t he
[me over thirty million pounds of
pper a   year  and   capablt   o]   producing
ty   millions,   be   omitted   from   tn_   list.
■ a   are  eight   regions   thai  under
a   supply   the   world
th nine  hundred  million  pounds of cop-
r   annually,   equal   to   about    five-eights
all   th'-   copper   that   the   world     eoii-
in es.     J rere   are   the   figures;    .Mon I a :ii.
ma,   260,000,000;     Utah,   76,-
i,i ; California, 35,000,000; Tennessee, 20,-
, ; Mexico, (10,000,000; British Columbia,
and Nevada (soon to come in),
'.000,000. Omitting the latter (Nevada),
lich is not yet in the producer class.
■.-   can  contribute  eight   hundred
(By Courtesy  F.   W.   Mivcnson).
Spokane. May
Alhambra     6
i  Commander  	
Bullion     4
■ kens       10
Echo       U
Evolution      3i
Happy   Day        2
■;   & C   3
Humming   Bird     .1
k     1
Idaho Giant     ">
Lucky Calumet   is:
.Mineral    farm      I',
■   Copper     s_
Moonlight     :•
Nabob     3a
Nine   Mile   	
anklin        2
'i.    K.   ''ons     I
Oom    Paid    	
lie Smelter      ".;
Park  Copper      H
Reindeer     "
to 1)
| Snowshoe  	
Snowstorm    173
Sonora       5£
h  Columbia.
.v   Coke     14
Canadian  Cons.  Smelter    70
Dominion  Copper   126
Granby   Smelter     85
International   Coal   X-   Coke     50
Rambler Cariboo    20
No sales.
Chicago Board of Trade
(By Courtesy  ..  \v. si
IgO,  May 11.
Op.n.     High.
Wheat No. 2—
May    IMJ®10_ 1061
July    9210921   921
' lorn  Mo. 2—
Oats No. 2—
July     4i"               !<:'.
Inly    13.57        18.06
Liverpool Wheat-
July  7s. Sid.
7s. 8jd.
Since milk is so extremely variable
ii; quality, and is so easily adulterated;
since often considerable variations are
p. t reai I
"oint of milk used by any given
or tamily is comparatively
the consumer of milk is almost
\vheii\ ;lt the mercy of the producer
and dealer, and must rely tor a good
! rd&uct very largely upon their honor.
says Prof. h. H. Wing, of Cornell University. The state has recognized. this
and to prevent imposition by unscrupulous people, has In various ways
sought to regulate thc sale of milk and
like products. Tho chief means used
has been to establish arbitrary standards of quality, and to subject to fine
those dealers whose goods should be
Hfcfettnd to be below the required standard. The standards established by various states and municipalities have
varied widely. Prom 2.5 to 3.7 per cent.
of fat. and from 11.5 to 13 per cent, of
total solids have been the minimum requirements. These standards, while efficient in securing honest dealing where
they are rigidly enforced, nevertheless
may work Injustice, so far as honesty
of the dealer is concerned, under various circumstances, and may prevent
tlje production and sale of a comparatively low quality product at a reasonable price. It would se^m therefore.
that the best means of regulating the
traffic in milk would be, not to set up
an artificial standard to which all must
come, but to require each individual
dealer to guarantee his own standard,
and hold him responsible if his milk
were found below. In this way it would
be possible to sell milk of various qualities, from strictly skimmed to heavy
LToam, upon a gradual scale of prices,
with exact justice to everyone.
In the face of every assurance that
the quarterly returns of the United
stat.s Stee] Corporation, covering the
three months ended March :!lst last,
would show a heavy skrinkage both in
earnings and in the unfilled orders on
the books of the subsidiary companies
at that date, tin- stocks of the organization have been for nearly a fortnight
anfong the strong features of the share
market. This was doubtless due in part
to technical causes arising from the
presence of a large short interest In
these securities and to sympathy with
the rising tendencies in prices generally. In addition to this, however, the
investing and speculating public seems
to have entertained a confident and.
as it proved, well-grounded belief that
the strength of the corporation's financial position precluded any probability
of a passing or reduction of the dividend,   at   the   rate  of  2   per  cent,   per
nnum, on the common stock. Furthermore, it seemed to feel that the depression in the steel trade, with its consequent reduction in the earnings and orders, would sooner or later give place
to better conditions, with an inereusfi
in the volume of its business and revenue.
These considerations were confirmed
by the fact that when the directors of
the Steel Corporation met on last Tuesday afternoon to declare the usual dividends upon the preferred and common
stocks, and made public a statement of
earnings and expenditures for the
March quarter which came fully up to
the most gloomy predictions, little effect was produced upon the steel stocks
themselves or the general market beyond Imposing a check upon the upward progress In the securities in question.
Bg Wag of Comparison for the
Benefit of Steamship Companies
 j their desires, was evidence of the gov-
jernment's interest.
Before the gathering- dispersed it was
fcmnounced that Hon. May Taylor pro-
Iposed paying a visit to East Sooke at
'fin  early  date.
 o <	
R.   Parker  Drowned.
Special to The Evening Post.
[   Summerland.      B.    C,      June      12.—R.
Parker,   a   son   of   3.   Parker,   of  Virden,
Manitoba,   was   drowned   here   today.
Conservatives   are
rdially invited to
ttend a  welcome
. W. Hall, on
Rumored a Building Will Be Put
Up on Corner of Government
and Elliott Streets Very
Soon .
A new, modern theatre, handsome in
its architecture and equipped with comfortable furniture will be constructed in
Victoria if the negotiations now in progress  are  satisfactorily  concluded.
The site of the building, it is understood, will be the corner of Government
and Elliott, a property owned by Mrs.
James Anderson. The amount involved
in the undertaking will approximate
E. R. Rickets, lessee of the Victoria
theatre, has the details in hand. At present he' is reported to be in Seattle interviewing John Cort with reference to
the matter.
That it has.been definitely decided
to take this step is proven by the fact
that on Thursday a Seattle architect
came to Victoria, visited the proposed
site and obtained the data necessary for
the drafting of preliminary plans.
It is expected that, work will _e begun this summer and that it will be
pushed forward expeditiously in order
that it may be ready for use before the
close of the next winter season.
Said in London That Dominion
Is Contemplating Generous
Financial Offer to the Imperial Government
London, June 12.—"Some Western
Canada loans are launching into commercial adventures," said W. R. Law-
son in the Financial Times, "which
would be risky enough for an old established city but in a new born
prairie  town  are  fool-hardy."
London, June 12.—It is stated here
that the Canadian Government is contemplating a very generous financial
offer to the Imperial Government, to
be expended in naval defence, in such
a way as may be decided by the Imperial Defence Conference. Hon. Mr.
i Balfour's speech encouraged Cana-
I dians to believe it possible to come to
an agreement with the Imperial Government on lines that are.autonomous,
the local navy working in harmony
with the Admiralty. It is added that
the Admiralty is now less inclined to
oppose the demand for local navies
than was the case. The omens are favorable, therefore for an agreement
between the Dominion Government
and the Admiralty on the lines of
their present proposals.
if in promim
city limits and does not pay taxes to
the city, was not promoted from the
ranks of the city workmen, was received and filed, Alderman Stewart
pointing out that the protest came in
■ a trifle late in the day considering that
the salt water, high pressure system is
now practically completed.
Want Day Labor
A communication from the same association protesting against the work
of paving Wharf street being done by
contract as the owners desire, was also
'. Once more an echo of the pending
trouble between the city and Cameron
& Caldwell, who were refused a permit
to build a $20,000 stable on Yates
street,  frecause,  in the_g_piniar__o_-_-__-
from    Government street    to Douglas
street,   the   owners   benefitted  to   pay
two-thirds of the cost of the work.
Wants Day  Labor
Tenders will be called for the erection of the building to be used as a
pump station adjoining the city electric lighting station. Alderman Hum-
ber suggested that in view of the
comments anent the excessive cost of
contract labor that the work be done
by day labor. The tenders will be
compared with the estimate for the
same work if done by day work and
the method of erection decided upon
after tenders are in.
Alderman Turner called attention to
the necessity Of enforcing the regulation _—m^______^___________________j_____cu_______s_l
  Busy Scene atthe CPR. Docks
Where Many Boats Come In
 treet  placed  in  proper line.
7. Robert Porter et al., asking that
. oul  Bay  Road from  Fairfield Road  to
'rescent Road be repaired. Recorn-
jnended that the petitioners be informed
that the council have already expressed
Itself-in this matter, to the effect that
the city is willing to undertake the
[vork of improving this road, provided
the    property   ' owners    interested    are
greeable to bear the total cost of same.
8. Recommended that the following
subdivisional plans be approved, namc-
Sub-division   plan   of   lot   I,   block   3,
airfield   farm   estate.
Sub-division   plan   of   lot   I,   block   J,
'airfield  farm  estate.
Sub-division  plan   of  lots   44,   45,   46,
7,   48  and   49,  section  V,  Victoria  district,
9. Recommended that his worship, the
mayor, and the city engineer be authorized to sign the sub-divisional plan of
lots 1, 2, 3, and 4, Finlayson estate, as
the matter of contention in reference
to street lines has been adjusted, and
the objections raised by the city surveyor,  met.
All expenditure contemplated in the
foregoing to be subject to favorable report thereon by the finance committee,
and adoption of said report by the
Pleaded   Guilty   to    Stealing .   Express
Order Book and Cashing
Special to The Evening' Post.
' Toronto, April 14.—Christopher M.
Holland, who last week was sentenced
to five years in the penitentiary for
forgery, pleaded guilty in the police court
yesterday to stealing an express order book from the Dominion Express Co.
and getting on some of the orders therein the sum of $2,500 from the people in
St. Thomas and vicinity. On this charge
Holland got an additional five years and
six  months  in  penitentiary.
Operators   Give  Out  Statement Defining  Their  Attitude  Towards
the Miners
New York, April 14.—The anthracite
coal operators who held a conference
in this city i Monday to determine
upon their position towards the miners
made public a statement yesterday, declaring that there was absolutely no
friction between them in reaching a
decision to appoint a eommittfc to report on  April 22.
The operators' statement continued:
"The operators present were still willing to renew the agreement entered
into in 1906. The operators were riot
willing, to make a contract with an
organization controlled by men engaged in bituminous mining, a competitive
\instrv. ; ^—
Three   Discharged   Workmen
i   Attack   Foreman on Skeleton of Building in Course of
Erection in Portland
Special  to   The   Evening  Post.
Portland, Ore., April 14.—Fighting
on the frame-work of a building sixty
feet in the air, I. L. Young, foreman
of the construction works of a building at Fourth and Everett streets, and
three discharged workmen, H. Thomas,
H. E. Colvin and John Robertson, narrowly escaped precipitation to the
pavement below. The three discharged workmen, it is alleged, attacked
Young as the result of their discharge,
using large pieces of planks as weapons. On the street below, watching
the infuriated combatants, were scores
of people who shudderingly expected
to see the fighters dashed to the
ground. Intervention by a policeman
who separated the men saved loss of
life, but Young was so severely beaten
that he had to be taken to a hospital.
Man    Pays    High    Tribute
Work of Canadian
Special to The Evening' Post.
Toronto, April 14.—At a meeting of the
Canadian Hospital Association yesterday
morning, F. F. Stevens, Boston, a well
known hospital architect, said that the
United States owed much to Canadian
nurses. One could scarcely visit a hospital from Maine to California without
findine Canadian  nurses in  charge.
Chinese Pigmies
New York, April 14.—Back from an
extended trip of exploration in China
and Thibet during which he made interesting discoveries along the Chinese
Great Wall, Dr. William Edgar Ceil, of
Doylestown, Pa., arrived yesterday on
the steamer Minnehaha from London.
Dr. Ceil traced the Great Wall a
(distance of_1,800 miles from the coast
At Less Than Cost
Fletcher Bros.
New England Hotel
and Restaurant
Established over 50 years.
M.   &  L_  YOUNG,    Proprietors.
Telephone 161
 Rate War Assumed a New
Phase This Morning When
C, P, R, Met Cut to 25 Cents
Made by International Co,
The rate war is on again in earnest.
Today the International Steamship
Company placed a large banner on its
wharf announcing the return of the
25 cent rate in effect tomorrow, when
the steamer Chippewa returns after
her lay-over at Seattle, and the C. P. R.
promptly met the cut, and announce a
rate of 25 cents in effect on the
steamer Princess Royal, leaving here
this afternoon and the steamer Princess Charlotte, leaving Seattle for Victoria.
The International Steamship Company is still making an aggressive
light against the C. P. R. company on
'the Victoria-Seattle route. When the
rates were restored during the winter
by the C. P. R. the Seattle company
maintained a rate of 25 cents on the
steamer Whatcom, and it was not considered advisable to meet this rate
owing to the great difference in the
accommodation . offered the travelling
public, the Whatcom in no way comparing with the palatial three-funnel
liners. With the return of the
steamer Chippewa to service a few
days ago the International Steamship
Company made a rate of $1 for the
Hingle trip and $1.75 for the return
When the International Steamship
Company made the new rate the officials of the C. P. R. did not consider
that the opposition company was entitled to a differential 'rate and
promptly met the new rate. When
the C. P. R. announced the $1 rate on
the Princess liners the International
Steamship Company cut the rate to
25 cents again, a_id today the C. P. R.
met the cheap rate.
How long the rate war will continue
remains to be seen. The International
Steamship Company threatens to continue their cheap rate all summer during the heavy travel, and the C. P. R.
will probably maintain a rate similar
to that of the opposition company.
With a record travel expected as a result of the exposition at Seattle, and
the local race meeting, the additional
advantage of the cheap rates is expected to induce great throngs of excursionists to visit Victoria this
 . o	
At Panama, 111., Mrs. W. W. Mitchell shot at robbers, and saved $8,000
to the bank.
Reached Port This Morning 20
Days From Kobe Many Days
Behind Schedule — Returned to Hongkong
Twenty days from Kobe the steamer Gymeric of the Weir line reached
port this morning with a light cargo,
two weeks behind her schedule, on her
last trip in the trans-Pacific trade, j
The Aymeric, now en route from 1
Hongkong,  is  to take her place.
The Gymeric was delayed as a result of her return to Hongkong with
her machinery disabled. The steamer
left Hongkong on March 19 and when
thirty-six hours out she ran into a
strong northeast monsoon in the
Straits of Formosa, and labored considerably, being high in the water. Her
propeller raced considerably, and soon
a few wrenches told the engineers that
the screw was working loose. Capt.
Hall was notified and it was decided
to put about and run for Hongkong.
The strong wind was behind and the
steamer had no difficulty in reaching
Kowloon dock, where it was found,
that the shaft liners had worked loose
and the propeller was working on the
hub. When Lloyd's surveyor came
aboard he found other injuries in the
engineroom in need of attention and
a number of other repairs were ordered, the steamer being held at the Kowloon yards for eleven days.
From Kobe, from which port the
■steamer proceeded direct, without
making the usual call at Yokohama,
the weather was good throughout,
with the exception of a strong blow
encountered the night previous to|
reaching port off the Vancouver Island coast. The steamer Monteagle,
outbound from Victoria to the Orient,
was sighted near the meridian.
Chief Engineer Kay, wno came from
Hongkong on the Gymeric, who has
been on the China coast for some time I
has had many experiences, not the
■least exciting being when he was chief
engineer of the steamer Fu Ping lying
at Port Arthur during the war between
Japan and Russia. When the torpedo destroyers of Admiral Togo
dashed into Port Arthur that cold
February morning of 1904 he was
awakened by the firing and saw the
action. The Fu Ping had discharged
a cargo of coal for the Russians at
Port Arthur and was ready to leave.
Mr. Kay and the master of the Fu
Ping went out in a small boat to see
if the passage was clear so that they
could get to sea when Togo's fleet appeared and opened fire on the anchored Russian Warships, the * shots
flying all about their small boat. Three
Chinese    quartermasters    who    were
rowing the boat jumped overboard in
their fright and swam ashore. He
and the captain rowed the boat to the,
beach and stood behind the fort on
Golden Hill watching the battle.
.The Gymeric's cargo totalled but
1,800 tons in all, including a shipment;
of hemp from Manila. For this port1
she had 400 tons of general freight,
mostly Chinese and Japanese provisions, rice, sugar, etc. The steamer
will leave for Tacoma and Seattle late
Officers of the steamer Gymeric
state that they learned that a torpedo
boat destroyer larger than any now
in service in Japan is being laid down
at Malzuru. This destroyer will
be the second largest in the world,
the largest being H. M. S. Swift, an
illustration of which was published
in these columns some days ago, which
has a displacement of 1,800 tons
and a. speed of 36 knots. The new
Japanese destroyer will be called the
Umikaze (sea wind). She will have
a displacement of 1,100 tons and a
speed of 35 knots, and her armament
will consist of .one 4.7-in. quick-firer;
eight 4-in. quick-firers and four torpedo tubes. She is to be laid down
in the course of the present month,
and it is expected that she will be
ready for sea by the end of October.
 o i jifKiN  rm
1     ri-i
ay in
*. THE POCKET, and this price is the
EDO SUITS at the
2S Von Gal and Lincoln and Bennett
. Straw Hats! Panama Hatsi! Boating
Jaeger's Underwear, Etc. Etc-
\q Tt
> and. st<
\ better.
> ready
!tnost <
) old-tii
to Spn
Id is tine
5 to yoi
itime, S
:lothiers and hatters, e
Exclusive Agents for Semi-Ready
 be ready to start out on the Vancouver
run about the beginning of next week,
relieving the Princess Sophia.
While the Princess Alice has. been
out of service, owing to the trouble
which developed in her oil-burning
system, the Princess Mary and Princess Sophia have been looking after
the midnight runs out of Victoria and
Vancouver. Much difficulty was experienced in accommodating all the passengers with berths who took passage
on the Mary to Victoria out of the
Terminal City at midnight. Many people have been forced to sit up during
the trip. With the Princess Alice
again in service the company hopes to
eliminate this inconvenience.
Drydock Is Busy.
Owing to the fact that the steamer
Cheslakee occupies a berth on the B.
C. Marine ways, the Princess Alice
has been forced to go into drydock.
The dock is being used quite frequently of late. The steamer Lillooet has
been on the stocks for the past few
days, and after the Alice comes off the
oil-tanker Roma will be floated in. The
Roma will be in dock but for a short
time, as she only has to have a new
propellor fitted. The wheel is being
brought north by the Pacific Coa„t
steamship City of Puebla, which sailed
from  San  Francisco yesterday.
 Eis engaged in tne selection—01 uie
suitable site.
o   o   o
.iutation   Waited    on   Premier.—A
'legation from Nanaimo, composed of
essrs. A. E. Planta and Crosson yes-
irday interviewed Premier McBride
1 matters touching settlers' rights
the Esquimait & Nanaimo railway
lt,   the   desire  being  expressed  that
le Settlers' Rights Act of 1893-4 be
opened.    The premier stated that the
gislature had already gone as far as
cared to in law-making along these
nes and refused to entertain any sug-
stion to reopen the Settlers' Act.
It's All Right
You Can
Own an
Spring  Travel is   Far in Advance of Last Year's Returns
for Same Period
Vancouver    and    Triangular
Runs, Are  Largely   Patronized; Will Break Records
Not only ,is the passenger business
on the Vancouver and triangular runs
exceedingly heavy at this: season of th.'
year,. but the C. P. R. is experiencing;
[a tremendous amount of northern business. . Lincoln Smith, assistant to the
manager of the B. C. coast service,
stated to the Times this morning that
travel this year is far heavier than it
was at the period last year. He said
that all the routes were producing
greater returns than in 1912.
Additional coasting steamers could
be used to advantage by the B. C.
coast service in handling the greati
afnount of 'business, which is coming
into its hands for handling. The coming summer promises to be the greatest in the history of the company. With
a slight congestion on many of the
boats so early in the year as this, :t
can only be expected that the travel
in the next four or five months will bc
of great magnitude.
Vancouver Run Is Heavy.
Between Victoria and Vancouver the
passenger business continues to increase by leaps and bounds. Despite
the fact that there are three boats i
each way between these ports every)
day, the scenes on the vessels seem
just the same as they did when the
little Charmer was the only connecting
link. The business has developed marvellously, and the prediction is made
by the prophets of the day that the
time is not far distant when the service will be materially increased and
additional boats will be pressed into
Business on the Seattle route is very
heavy, and the boats are crowded
every day. To the north many people
are making their way, and very soon
the Alaska tourist season will be opening. It is anticipated that this summer
more American and Canadian sightseers will make their way north to1
see the wonders and niysteries of the
Northland, than ever before in the history of shipping on this coast.
It is impossible to forecast how many
people will be handled by the differ-i
ent C. P. R. coasting steamers this
year, but from appearances all past
records will be broken.
Bound from Comox and coast ports
the C.. P. R. steamer Charmer, Capt.
Gilchrist, will arrive here to-morrow
morning. —-.
 Nothing has been discoverec
already happy and contented h
lumbia Records. If you have
strument, you know what wonc
you have never heard a genuin
what such instruments CAN be.
latest hits on any Columbia you
means no obligation.
Here's the Columbia "Favorite" Grafonola, the most
popular Columbia made.
You should hear it in your
favorite selections; such
pure, sweet, human tone,
such fidelity of shading and
intonation, and such clear
enunciation.    It is easy    to
Ask to Hear S
Look for This
Columbia Trade Mark
Casey Jones Went Down on
the    Robert    E.    Lee —
(Jones.) Byron G. Harlan, tenor, and Arthur
Collins, l.aritone.
Oh, What a Night—(Gilbert,
Muir and Abrahams.) Ada
Jones soprano and "Walter
Van Brunt, tenor. Orchestra accompaniment.
At the Devil's Ball—(Berlin.) Maurice Burkhart,
tenor, arid Peerless Quartette. Orchestra accompaniment.
I'd Do As Much for You—
(H. Von Tilzer.) Ada
Jones, soprano, and Walter Van Brunt, tenor. Orchestra accompaniment.
Everybody Loves a Chicken
—(Jones.) Peerless Quartette. Orchestra accompaniment.
Western Canada's L
From the Orient-
Chicago Maru    June 14
ghidzuoka Maru   June 18
Saxonia  June 21
Empress  of India     June 27
Falls of Orchy   June 30
Ajax  June 27
From Glasgow.
Colusa  June 28
For the Orient.
Sanuki Maru   June 17
Empress of Russia   June 18
Chicago. Maru   June 24
For  Liverpool.
Keemun   ..;  July   9
From  Australia.
Marama   June 24
rom    Prince    Rupert   and    Northern
ince George  June 15
Camosun   June 17
To Prince Rupert and  Northern Porta.
prince George   June 16
Camosun   June 17
From  San   Francisco.
Queen  June 19
To San Francisco.
City of Puebla  June 18
For West Coast.
Tees       June 20
The berthing space between the two
piers of the Canadian Pacific docks
was crowded with shipping last evening, no less than seven of the company's coast fleet, in addition to the
collier Will W. Case, being in the harbor.
There were the Princesses Alice,
Beatrice, May, and Royal, and the Tees,
Joan, and Otter. The May proceeded
to the north, and the Tees to the west
'coast later, while the Otter shifted to
the outer wharf to load cargo for the
mainland. The Beatrice is here for
an overhaul.
The vessels in last evening would require, if stretched end on end, a berthing space half as long again as the Im-
perator, and would accommodate on
their decks a papulation of 3500. It
was excellent testimony to the advantage of the headquarters of the B.
C. Coast Service being maintained at
The glory of life is to love, not to be
loved; to give, not to get; to serve, not to
be served.—Hugh Black.
 president, in the name of the so-
y, made the presentation, and in a
t little speech    congratulated    Mr.
isholm on his good fortune in get-
jg' possession of such a beautiful set
.pipes,  Mr. Chisholm replying suit-
ly, and giving a splendid selection of
tpipe  numbers  during the  evening.
trumental and vocal music filled up
I remainder of the evening together
)i  dancing.    The  society will  meet
in on the last Thursday of June.
\ Cannot  Inspect   Scales   but   Can
Prosecute   for  Short
Weight Sales. ?
tiquirles by the _-llcitor and Alder-
n Porter into the powers of the city
pecting short weight butter rolls,
ves of bread and other foods have
ited the fact that the city once did
>s a by-law ordering an inspection
weights and measures some time
> and that it was upset in court.
e only way an inspector of weights
a measures can perform his duties
sv ia to buy bread and butter of
m weight and have the dealer
psecuted  in  police  coart.     The  city
no right to enter shops to inspect
jrchandise or measures, those duties
longing to the Dominion governments
These matters will be put before the
finance committee Monday afternoon
and a report taken to the council Monday night. ^^H
For thoroughly cleansing baths and sink*.
And it does not hurt the
handp like most cleansing
powder,  and  soap..
leaves them smooth and soft
GeUCan T__»y
Sart the Coupons.
Snap Company Limited, Montreal
 /iLST TIMES,    THURSDAY,   DECEMBER   2,    1909
Million and Half to Be Spent
and Vessels Ready Next
A special dispatch from Winnipeg states
that the C. P. R. have definitely decided
to build two new steamers for this Coast
to cost a million and a half dollars. They
will be ready for next season and will be
laid down immediately. .
Before leaving here for' the East en
route to England, Captain Troup, superintendent of the B. C. Coast service of
the C. P. ,R., stated that the vessels to
be built would be smaller than the Princess Charlotte, as such vessels would not
be so costly to operate. One of these is
to be used on the Coast run, the other
being interchangeable with the other
steamers on the northern or ferry service.
The Charmer, according to Captain
Troup, must either go out of business altogether in the near future or be rebuilt. It is practically decided that the
former will be the course adopted, investigation proving that the cost of rebuilding her would be too great to warrant its being done.
 End of an era
WRECKING  CREWS  make  short work out of
pulling down passenger ramps on the venerable
CPR Pier C. Ramps became obsolete this week with
last sailing of the Princess Elaine.   (Cunningham)
st corner of Hastings and Camble Streets, Victory Square,
;r, Pacific Press Limited. Authorized as second class mail,
« the payment of postage in cash.
toBER 4, 1962
help Canada . . .
and finance industry. But precisely the same
[duction of the theories would work if the indication  as  a vidual found more money to spend
rgent need." in the pay packet.
lit comes from The   additional   money   would
president of not be hoarded. Most of it would be
of Montreal. spent. Immediate advantages would
ates, he said be noticed. There would be more
i on economic weight in the supermarket shop-
■ent to invest- ping cart, quicker repayments on
n of new jobs. the new car, more appliances for
les would be the home.
by industrial Tax   reduction   improves   the
E special incen- economy at the root.  There is
deluded lower nothing like more money in the
bank to lend a rosy look to the
[ire when the financial picture of both buyer and
is applied to seller.
tig9 move closer?
onous insecti-
[nay be safe to
but the con-
tuld be danger-
red up highly
licals on their
both Canada
8 there appears
|w poisoning of_
deadly insecticides are used at both
their Canadian breeding grounds
and in Louisiana, where they winter.
This could be the start of a far-
reaching cycle. If the woodcock
are dangerous for people to eat,
how about other animals and birds,
both wild and domestic?
The evidence from New Bruns-
wick should warrant a thorough
 snipping Hew/1 from Day to D&&
Same Steamers Are to Go on Same Routes as Last Summer,
Scarcity of Vessels Prevents Company
Extending Service
Judging from the schedules which
have been drawn up by the G. P. R.
officials for the summer services, there
is practically no difference over the
.runs maintained last year. The same
steamers will be on the routes which
were Inaugurated In the spring of 1-13.
A scarcity of vessels prevents the company from extending Its services any
further. The B. C. Coast Service, however, has a good grip on the coastwise
trade, and has its vessel operating on
the runs which bring in the best returns.
This morning Lincoln Smith, assistant to Capt. Troup, manager of the
B. C. Coast Service, made several additional announcements in regard to
schedules to those already published in
the Tithes.
The  freighter  Princess    Ena,   Capt.
Bay. She Is scheduled to leave the Terminal City for the northern town tomorrow night. The Princess Beatrice,
Capt. Hawes, came into port this morning, having completed her winter
schedule on the Ocean Falls run.- She
is to have three days' overhaul, and
will then relieve the Charmer for a
week on the Comox run. When she
has finished her relief work, the
Beatrice will have a lengthy overhaul.
Later she will staSrt out from Victoria
inaugurating the summer schedule to
Ocean Falls. The Queen City is to be
placed on a short run.
The Steamers and Their Runs.
The summer schedules for the different coast routes of the C. P. SR. will be
as follows:
Skagway: Steamers Princess Sophia
and Princess May, sailing weekly.
Sainty, left port this afternoon, and
after adjusting her compasses in the
Strait, proceeded to Vancouver, where
she is to load a full cargo of general
merchandise for Prince Rupert. The
Princess will remain in service
throughout the spring, summer and
fall carrying freight between Victoria,
Vancouver, Prince Rupert and Alaska
Mary Also Leaves Port.
At 10 o'clock this morning the Princess Mary, Capt. Locke, steamed out
of the harbor bound for Union to coal.
From there she goes to Vancouver to
start   the   weekly   service   to   Granby
Granby   Bay    and    Prinee   Rupert:
Princess. Mary,   sailing  weekly.
Ocean Falls: Princess Beatrice sailing weekly.
Vancouver-Nanalmo: Princess Patricia, sailing twice a day.
Comox:   Charmer, sailing weekly.
West Coast: Tees, sailing twice a
month to Clayoquot and twice a month
to Holberg.
The big ferry steamers will maintain
the same schedule which they have
operated on so continuously for the
past IS month... The Princess Alice
will be ready shortly, and will take
the night sailing out of Vancouver for
this port, thereby relieving the congestion of travel on that route.
 oriM yxriY%MS'^'^Wfr£Y?jtiMck':Si; ]iM
resent fo Commence
By John Kendrick Bangs
*e you moaning o'er your lot
'Cause of things you haven't got?
ell, look here—I've made a list
F the things perhaps you've missed:
Motor-oar stuck in the mud
With a dull and sickening thud;
Three months' note comes due today,
Tax-bill overdue to pay;
Patent leather shoes so tight
You can't tell the left from right;
Measles, mumps, and oh, the gout!
Stomach giving slowly out;
Vermiform appendix all
Ready for the doctor's call;
And a thousand other knocks
Straight from old Pandora's Bo~!
link of these a little while
nd it may be you will smile
s you contemplate your lot,
Ilerks to Meet. — The retail clerks
I employees will hold their next
eting on Thursday, March 20, In
ose hall, Fairfield block, Douglas
o o o
iebrew Association. — The Young
n's Hebrew Association will hold a
eting to-morrow evening at 8
lock in the ante-room of Temple
lanu-El, Blanchard street, near Pan-
-a avenue.
o o o
•even Skipped Bail.—No less than
en persons out on bail failed to ap-
ir when their names were called in
Ice court yesterday. In one or
a cases the court was satisfied with
reated bail but in several warrants
re issued as well.
o o o
To Insure Firemen.—As the policies
suring city firemen from accidents
n out this week, the council has au-
:>rized that each member shall be
nsured for $1,000. The policies will
distributed among the three com-
nies carrying the risk at present.
o o o
^ew Map of B. C.—A new map of
; province of British Columbia has
it been issued by the surveyor-genii and distributed throughout the
pvince. The map is printed in four
;tions and has much data about the
iources of the province.
o o o
Concert at Esq ui malt. — Triumph
dge, I. O. G. T., Esquimau, will give
concert to-morrow night in the Solars' and Sailors' Home, at the corner
Admiral road, at which the follow-
l will assist: Miss Harkiness, Mrs.
aSdden, Messrs. D. Heughan, Robt.
arrison, J. Walker, D. A. Fraser and
G. Brown. In addition, several num-
rs will be given by the junior mem-
rs of the lodge.
o o o
Boy Scouts.—March 14 and 15 the
ctoria Boy Scouts will hold an exhi-
tion of scoutcraft In St. John's hall,
erald street. The first day the dem-
istration will be held at 7.30 p. m.
Sid on the second at 2.30 and 7.30 p. m.
here will be many interesting exit-its of the boys' skill.   Refreshments
For Real Satisfaction and
Enjoyment Use the
DOME   "
Have you ever noticed, in
listening to an organ's tones, a
particularly sweet, rich, mellow
quality. If you have, the
chances are ten to one that it
was a Dominion Organ. The
reason is that the makers of the
Dominion Organ spend a great
deal of time and money in having skilled musicians voice the
reeds before the organs leave
the factory. This extra time
and expense isn't really necessar;
Thousands of good organs are sold
to the manufacturer. But the fa-
makers prefer to lose that much pr
a perfectly-voiced instrument is j.
care that is taken of quality in Do
There are so many reasons tha
space, but a few of them will ill
Organ was made in 1870. Since
out more than 55,000 organs—all g
of the Dominion Organ know wha
good. Knowing this, they have trs
Dominion Organs that way. Thei
no matter what the cost nor how c
only the latest and best machinery,
own factory.   There are other goo
Testing the Best
But the best way to judge for
showrooms and test these fine oi
showing them in all styles and ai
what the requirements are, we ha
the bill, and we guarantee that tl
of satisfaction and enjoyment.
Prices Run $75,185
Western Canada's Lar
L231 Government Street
Buy These and
FINLAYSON STREET, two beautiful
cash.    For two	
Acreage This SicU
All cleared and cultivated.   You will fli
1503 Douglas Stree
CPR  coastal ships
gave proud service
Province Marine Editor
For the first time In 60
years, only one "Princess"
will be operating on this
coast this winter, the result
of the decision of thc CPR
to reduce its Nanaimo service to the Princess of Vancouver only, it would be a
tragedy if the sailings ceased
entirely, for we have had a
"Princess" service In B.C.
waters since 1879.
The first of the famed
"Princess" liners was tho
sidewheel steamer Princess
Louise, the first of the name.
She was built In New York
In 1869 as the Olympia to run
between Victoria and Puget
Sound for American owners.
At that time, nearly a
century ago, she was considered a marvel of luxury, and
was said to have cost $200,-
000, which was a lot of
money in those days. She
was very staunchly built
with a hull of seasoned oak,
which kept her afloat for
more than 50 years.
In 1871, she engaged in a
steamboat war with the rival
sidewheeler North Pacific.
Ultimately both steamers advertised a trip from Victoria
to Porl Townsend, with
"free transportation, free
meals, and a .hromo." The
latter was a lithographed
She couldn't make money
in that sort of business and
in 1878 her owners were
glad to sell her to the Hudson's Bay Co.
At that time the Hudson's
Bay Co. operated the steamer
service across the Gulf of
Georgia from Victoria to
New Westminster and the
Olympia, soon to be renamed
Princess Louise, was considered the best ship in thc
With her great walking
beam engine and luxurious
plush furnishings, she was a
familiar sight in B.C. waters
for many years, until she became so old and decrepit she
was known as the "Princess
The Hudson's Bay Co.
steamship service on this
coast dates from the advent
of the pioneer steamer
Beaver in 1835. The B.C.
coast steamship service of
the CPR is its direct successor, and so can be rightly
said to date back to 1835.
Business boomed
The steamboat business began to boom in Hie early
eighties with the imminent
arrival of the transcontinental railway. The Hudson's Bay Co. established a
new company which practically monopolized all the
steamship business in the
province, called the Canadian
Pacific Navigation Co. Ltd.
Its manager was Capt. John
Irving, one of the most famous maritime characters on
the coast, who was also a
part owner.
Among the famous ships
built by the Canadian Pacific-
Navigation Co. were the
Charmer and the Islander,
both of which passed to the
CPR when they bought out
the CPN in January 1901.
That started a new era in
steamship service on this
coast. Under the aggressive
management of Capt. J. W.
Troup, the CPR set out to
build the finest ships that
could be designed and built.
The first addition to the
old CPN fleet was the Hat
ing, which was brought out
from the China coast. She
was renamed Princess May,
and after her all the new
ships added to the company's
freight and passenger fleet
was named after a princess.
Two of the early ones
built on this coast were the
wooden-hulled Princess
Royal and Princess Beatrice,
but they were greatly excelled by the great Princess
Victoria of 1903.
She was the first of the
three-funnelled beauties
which made the CPR coast
service famous and she retained her reputation for
comfort and speed for 50
years, to become known affectionately in her old age
as the "Old Vic."
In the booming days before tile First World War,
Captain Troup designed and
built new ships almost as
fast as the yards could turn
them out. Most of them became household words in
every port between Seattle
and Alaska.
Active in Greek waters
Three of them, the Princess Charlotte, Princess Alice
and Princess Adelaide are
still in active service in
Greek waters. Others included the much loved Princess Mary, Princess Maquinna, ill-fated Princess Sophia,
Princess Ena and Island
In 1903 the CPR bought
out the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway Co. and got
into the run between Vancouver and Nanaimo with
the old E. and N. steamers
Joan and City of Nanaimo.
They were inadequate, so
in 1912 the CPR brought out
the Princess Patricia, formerly the Clyde steamer
Queen Alexandra, second
commercial turbiner ever
She became the speed
queen of the fleet, and often
made the run from dock to
dock, Vancouver to Nanaimo,
in two hours. It now takes
the Princess of Vancouver
about three hours to make
the same run.
The two finest ships of all
were building in Great
Britain when war broke out,
the Princess Irene and Princess Margaret. Their lives
were short for they were
commandeered by the British
Admiralty.    The Irene blew
up in 1915 off Sheerness with
terrible loss of life. These
two ships were replaced in
1925 by the Princess Kathleen and Princess Marguerite, which were to serve
in the Second World War.
The Marguerite was lost
in action in the Mediterranean, and the Kathleen
was wrecked in Alaskan
waters after the war.
The CPR coastwise service reached its peak in the
years just before the Second
World War, when there were
sei-vices to Prince Rupert
and Alaska, to the west
coast of Vancouver Island, to
the Gulf Islands, night runs
to Seattle and Victoria, a day
run to Victoria, a service to
Powell River and Comox and
a frequent Nanaimo service.
Now only one ship is left
to carry on thc old tradition.
It is enough to onake one
tracted nervous tension can
cause odd aches and pains—
and not just headaches. 'The
neck, shoulders, chest, digestion, abdomen all can act up
out of sympathy for our overwrought worry-mechanisms.
Sedatives sometimes help,
at least temporarily, but in
such cases the greatest relief
usually has come from successfully reassuring a patient
that nothing serious ails him.
Then he relaxes, and so do
the pains.
I try to give readers some
understanding of whatever
health    problems    they    ask
about—but I think the greatest, if I succeed, will be in
convincing people that the
most valuable single attribute
of a physician is to discover
what, if -anything, is really
wrong. Diagnosis is the foundation for all good medicine.
So don't try to do too much
guessing in advance. Instead,
let your doctor do the diagnosing.
(And even If those pains
aren't heart trouble, they may
well be something that can
be treated successfully. So
why go on suffering in a sea
of maybe or could-it-be?)
Can animals use weapons?
Answer: The use of weapons
(clubs, sticks, etc.) is partly
instinctive among gorillas and
chimpanzees. In a recent article in the Scientific American,
Ardiaan Kortlandt told of placing a caged tiger near a half-
grown chimpanee that had
been born in captivity and had
never seen a large beast of
prey. Almost immediately the
chimpanzee grabbed up wooden cubes (previously placed
nearby), assumed a two-legged
position, and began to bombard the tiger vigorously.
Do elderly people Ilk.
peace and quiet?
Answer: Many become irked
at meaningless noise, and Just
as disturbed at prolonged
quietude. Dr. Ewald R. Bussc,
Duke University psychiatrist,
points out that normal background noises are a bridge
with reality. Elder persons
with gradual hearing loss may
be unaware that background
noises are missing, and feel
an uneasy sense of deadness
about them. Thus in some geriatric centres, background noi-
'ses are increased rather than
y_. 4 ^". <?<»7
may be wmm
C. P. R. is Interested in Development of Port, and Will Build
New Coasting Steamers.
The C. P. R. is now interesting itself
in the proposed improvements to Victoria harbor,. This is in view of the fact
that this corporation intends constructing several new coasting steamers during this year. These steamers will be
built at Esquimau, and will have their
headquarters here.
At'present the mouth of Victoria harbor is only 12 feet in depth at low tide.
This .hakes it impossible for even
coasting vessels to pass in and out
when the tide is low. Capt. Troup,
general superintendent of the C. P. R.
steamship service on the Pacific, considers that the dredging of the harbor
mouth is of urgent importance, and
ought to be commenced as soon as possible.
"The present . harbor dredge Mudlark," said Capt. Troup, "is well nigh
useless. More money is spent on it,
and more labor is employed in connection with it, than would comfortably
eq,uip a new and improved dredge
which would do all the work that is
necessary. Not only will the mouth of
the harbor have to be dredged so that
steamers may pass in and out at low
tide, but deepening operations are
necessary at other .points."
The question of harbor improvements
has been agitating local shipping men
and merchants for some time past. It
is thought that if these were carried
out transportation facilities would be
largely promoted, and as a consequence
trade would receive a general impetus.
All owners of property abutting on the
waterfront are deeply interested in the
matter, and it is more than probable
that in the near future strenuous representations will be made to the board
of trade with a view • to inducing that
body to again interest itself in this
question which is of such vital importance.
Belated Returns From Distant Constituencies Continue to Arrive—
Close Contests.
Up to noon to-day only one minister
was on duty in the parliament buildings, Hon. R G. Tatlow, minister of
finance, chief commissioner, of lands
and works, etc., etc. Premier McBride
is in the city, but is unable to leave
his home owing to an attack of the
The Premier is able to transact some
public business, however, in his room,
and from time to time is visited by the
minister of finance, who takes up
urgent questions  with him.
Hon. William Manson, provincial
secretary, returned to the city this
afternoon, to wind up the business of
his office, where he had such a short
term. While the final returns have not
yet been received he admits that it
looks as though he was defeated, and
H. C. Brewster is elected. Hon. F. J.
Fulton has not returned.
Hon. R. G. Tatlow is in consequence
of the fact that he has been the only
member of the government on duty,
very busy. The election disarranged
matters, and Hon. Mr. Tatlow has a
lot of correspondence to attend to.
Asked with respect to the filling of
vacancies, the minister of finance said
this would of course stand in abeyance until the premier was sufficiently
recovered to give attention to these
matters and there would have to be a
*/v '?£J
One-half the population of the
world consists of peasants
struggling to produce food
against the uncertainties o_
primitive agriculture.
Go Canadian Pacific
to Alaska!
Space still available for the ,
September 12 sailing of j
the Canadian Pacific Crats* I
Ship "Princess Louise''.
A vacation to s rememberJ
7%-day rouhd trij» Cwis<*
to Alaska. More than 1.000
miles of spectacular seen*.
ery. You'll sail from Vancouver to the land of the
Northern Lights, via the
sheltered inside passage.
Enjoy ideal September
Bates start at $195.00 for
the round-trip ... For full
information and reserva*
tions call Canadian Pacifie
PAcific 2212
Mrs. J. Kenneth Newbury,
afternoon At Home at whic
Monday.—Dave Buchan p]
Daily Service
or Princess
or Princess
or Princess
Ar. Victoria	
10:30 a.m.
2:45 p.m.
4:30 p.m.
8:30 p.m.
3:00 p.m.
8:00 p.m.
6:00 a.m.
8:00 a.m.
11:50 a.m.
1:10 p.m.
5:25 p.m.
8:30 a.m.
1:30 p.m.
10:59 p.m.
6:00 a.m.
Ar. Vancouver	
NANAIMO and return daily
Sailings marked * are via NEWCASTLE ISLAND
(Return boat to Vancouver leaves Newcastle Island 5:00 p.m.)
Lv. Vancouver
Ar. Nanaimo
Lv. Nanaimo
Ar. Vancouver
7:45 a.m.
10:15 a.m.
6:30 a.m.
8:45 a.m.
*8:15 a.m.
11:30 a.m.
11:15 a.m.
1:45 p.m.
10:00 a.m.
12:30 p.m.
1:30 p.m.
4:00 p.m.
2:30 p.m.
5:00 p.m.
*4:30 p.m.
7:45 p.m.
5:00 p.m.
7:30 p.m.
6:00 p.m.
8:30 p.m.
6:45 p.m.
9:00 p.m.
8:15 p.m.
10:45 p.m.
AT NANAIMO—Load your car the night
before and sleep aboard the luxuriously
appointed Princess Marguerite or Princess
Patricia, sailing at 6:30 a.m. for Vancouver.
Advance automobile and stateroom reservation advisable.
All Times Pacific Standard
C^JSSfe   Far-cV.:
lO<CAt .
White,  Chocolate . '16-o_.  pkt.
PASTRY FLOUR .™._*,49c
' Crisp
8-oz. pkt.
HONEY 2i, - 45c
4-lb. tin Of C
_k_P   Im   __»   j_P""%   HBP'    Brown
JVRAPPED                         UNWRAPPED
10e   •    9c
Man Who Played
People Trave
Queen of the Pacific, which plied between Victoria and California fifty
years ago and was considered the finest thing afloat.
4 .» li-a'
***s.u  *e/iYMfrf-;:
Canadian Pacific Navigation Co.,
"Of all the ships on Burrard In-SLET,
Some are dry and some are wet,- ;"...'
Some serve whisky,
Some serve gin,
But it's all the same to Commodore
He ke6£_ ms sliip as fine as silk,
But all you'll get is a glass .of milk." .
Ss. Olympian, which operated between Victoria and Seattle in the old days.
Ss-. George E. Starr, a side-wheeler that connected this city with ports
across the Sound in the early days.
Ss. City of Kingston, which was quite a favorite on the Victorla-Seattl.
run many years ago.
I y*£*SS£* ,;r*ir****?>
.- The undue severity of the sentence imposed
JiJgg? Pamphlet termedTega.
StBtaammate-.   .
ssssk mmmmwm^tmmm'iitom
Ss. Tpsemite, a great favorite with the traveling public last century.
She held all the speed records in her day.
Ss. R. P. Rithet, a veteran sternwheeler which linked Victoria with New
who was the father of the B.C.
Coast Service of the C.P.R.
 Fast and luxurious steamers on the. Seatt.e-Victorla-Vancouver route, the sister-ships Princess
Kathleen and Princess Marguerite. Ps rrincess
 Hcc. 2? /-fsC
OLD CPR BELL on. new Fairview Presbyterian won't
ring in the New Year. It's there for ornamental reasons solely and its clapper is blocked.—Bower photo.
 — -» w I
«A. 5434
_$§i      <""-«««»eo.m. * *.
.      OF THE
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w*. 2-6343
OOfON     f
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MU. 3-3722
Kingswoy at Joyce
DE. 0948
Hosts, and Nanaimo      B
HA. 1138 l™~
DON'T KNOCK I.    ^8psw i VjUdlw-
the rock"       ;  ^ny.l'iKSBOH
IRASS LEGEND"     j fggrf \*feft
1     .  ^£if-'^   !
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iMmM&mWK    park :!
 22_-e . 2f, /?S&
." to-'v    :
FISHING FLEET provides picturesque setting as CPR most beautiful ports in world and attracts thousands
steamer pulls out of Victoria harbor bound for Van- of tourists from many parts of world.—CPR photo by
couver.    Capital  of British  Columbia boasts  one  of Nicholas Morant. -
 j SUN: Sat., Dec. 29, 1956
jjblk Weotfw Offic» of Vontcuvor, 8.C.
West   coast   Vancouver   Island —
loudy Sunday. Low, high at
pstevan, 38-45.
North coast—Cloudy with show-
rs Sunday. Low. high at Port
ardy, 35-45; Sandspit and Prince
upert, 40-50.
Okanagan.Xillooet, South TJiomp-
on, Kootenay, North Thompson—
lainly overcast in valleys Sunday
ut clear at higher levels. Low,
ligh at Penticton, Kamloops and
_ytton, 25-35; Cranbrook, 15-25;
>escent Valley, 20-30; Revelstoke,
!5-35. .    .
Cariboo, Prince George, Bulkley
Galley—Sunny with cloudy periods
5unday. Low, high at Quesnel and
Drince George, 25-45; Smithers, 20-
Maggie Sails With
UN Force for Suez
More Than 400 Canadian Troops
Aboard as Flattop Leaves Halifax
HALIFAX  (CP)—The aircraft carrier Magnificent
sailed for Egypt today with more than 400 Canadian
l/ancouver     29 40 —
L-ctoria   37 42 .    —
Kimberley  7 29 —
Crescent Valley  ... 23 27 —
Qcijice-JRiipert    52 56 ■—■
Burned Youth
>s From
Blazing Cabin
A badly burned 16-year-old
university student Friday
leaped from the second storey
of a blazing Grouse Mountain
ski cabin.
George Wiginton, of 4011
Lions, North Vancouver, is in
"only fair" condition after being
trapped upstairs when the cabin
erupted in flames.
Stretcher bearers from Grouse
ski village brought the youth
to the chairlift.
A fellow student, Robert Jenkins, 18, of 959 Tudor, North
Vancouver, escaped with slight
North Vancouver fire department officials said the fire ap-
The big flattop, stripped of
her armament and her flight
deck packed with army trucks,
jeeps and four RCAF planes,
slipped away from a jetty at
Halifax Naval Dockyard at 6
a.m. Vancouver time.
She steamed out of the harbor through a morning mist.
Her destination is Port Said.
The soldiers are another part
of Canada's contribution to the
United Nations police force in
the Middle East trouble zone.
They came from all parts of
the country and include signalmen, engineers, administrative
personnel and members of the
service, medical and dental
Spirits were high.
"Well, I'm going to see Gibraltar and the pyramids," said
Cpl. Art Walker, 25, of Ross-
land, "and maybe I can pick
up  a   few   souvenirs   for   my
63 Degrees
In Balmy
was the warmest spot in Canada
The mercury soared to a
balmy 63 degrees at Claresholm,
30 miles north of Lethbridge.
Four known records were
broken as mild Pacific air continued to pour across the Western Prairies.
Temperatures hovered in the
5j0s in south and central Alberta,
leaving most of the province
practically without snow.
, Edmonton recorded a high of
51.3 degrees, breaking the previous high of 48.5 set here Dec.
28, 1919, and making this the
warmest day so far this month.
Just a year previously, the
temperature was 13. On Dec.
28, 1938, Edmonton recorded a
low of 55 below zero and a high
of 31 below.
Lethbridge, with 61 Friday,
broke its previous record of 60
for Dec. 28, set in 1913.    ,
Calgary had a high of 59,
three degrees higher than the
previous mark set in 1919,
while Medicine Hat, with 54,
broke the 1919 record of 53.
j   r\_
Where ships v>ait on the tid
—C. P. Pettloff, Daily Province staff Photographer.
In white
■mail orders filled—
e add 15c to cover
Canadian Plane Orders  Delayed
"Japan Writing New Chapter
In History of the Barbarians"
"Infamy Sublime" Charged as China Is
"Swept by Fire, and Swamped in Blood."
"Has civilization thrown up its hands? is the desperate cry
from China in this article, the last in an exclusive series by Mme.
Chiang Kai Shek, wife of China's generalissimo.
By MAYLING SOONG CHIANG (Mme. Chiang Kai Shek).
(Copyright, 1938, by The Daily Province and North American Newspaper Alliance Inc.)
WHEN we are going to get the chance to resume work on
a nation-wide scale it is hard to tell. Japan is assaulting us now with all her accumulated might, exerting herself
to the uttermost to try to subjugate us.
I see our country being swept by fire and swamped in
blood.   We can not help it.
Out of the history of the bar-"*" 	
barians, Japan has taken pages
She is applying them, embellished with refinements that
make savagery and infamy sublime.
It was Genghis Khan who
established and upheld the doctrine of death to defeated populations, in order to prevent suppressed hatred bursting out in
time to his undoing. Whole
populations went to death under
the swords, the arrows, and the
uses in the shape of narcotic injections.
To salve the agonies of the
impoverished, or the sufferings
of others who find themselves
unconsolable under the benign
control of the Japanese, opium
and its derivative., are peddled
everywhere, and facilities are
provided for the weak and demoralized to secure drugs.
History has proved that Genghis Khan, with all his annihilating crudities, failed to subjugate
,  us.   What prophecy can be made
knives of his hordes-He swePl. «_„_,rri.T.«. fh.P~Ji*- ».  _h, .i».
Britain "Not Decided"
On Placing- Work
In Canada.
LONDON, June 15.—Proposals
for the manufacture of aircraft
in Canada are still "under consideration," but "no decision has
yet been taken," Sir Kingsley
Wood, secretary for air, told the
House of Commons today.
"No further purchases of foreign aircraft are at present in
contemplation," he declared.
"Why is it not proposed to send
a commission to Germany in view
of the ease with which military
aircraft may be produced there?"
asked Geoffrey Mander, Liberal.
"No purchase of this kind is
under consideration," Sir Kings-
ley replied.
Mr. Mander then asked: "Is
Germany considered an enemy
country then?"
There was no answer.
The placing in the United
States of orders for 400 military
planes did not indicate any doubt
as to the quality of British aircraft, the Society of British Aircraft Constructors said today in
its weekly bulletin.
"Plancrl as a famrw^w, yy^-._
mm mm.
An impressionist "shot" of the lower bridge of a Vancouver steamer.
st New Altitude Mark
—AP  Wirephoto.
a modern knight with his twentieth century armor, Flight-
utenant M. J. Adams of the Royal Air Force is shown here
his oxygen helmet after his recent record-breaking flight to
eet. The officer thus won for Britain the record recently cap-
y Col. Mario Pozzi of Italy at 51,361 feet in May. An interesting
of the performance was the fact that the plane's cabin split
pressure strain at the 53,000-foot altitude. Flight-Lieutenant
was not injured, however, and descended safely.
Antipodean  En\
Sees Beatty.
OTTAWA, July 12.—(CP)—.
tiations ending in preparatio
draft forms of a new trade a
je ki
is  d
ment   with   New   Zealand   feal
I Week-end  activities  of  the  go'
ment but details will not be k
| until some definite action
by  governments  of  the  two
New  Zealand's  finance   min
Hon.   Walter   Nash,   who   retij1
Friday    from    the    Imperial
ference  with  Prime  Minister
kenzie   King  and  members  o
Canadian delegation, completed
versations here Sunday and le
Montreal and  Washington.
During the last fiscal year
ada enjoyed a wide margin o
trade with New Zealand,
some $11,000,000 worth of prod
largely manufactured and ag:
tural, and buying $5,370,000 w
mainly agricultural and
A feature of the negotiations
a conference here between
Edward Beatty and Mr. Nash.
Edward, as head of the Cam
Pacific railway and stear
services, has been in England
tiating for an increased servic
tween Canada and New Zea
He conferred with the shi'
committee of the Imperial
ference of which Mr, Nash
Imports Three
Products Only
From  The   Daily  Province  Ottawa if
Copyright,  1937,  by the Southam Pi
OTTAWA, July 12.—The re
of the trade agreement be
Canada and New Zealand,
consideration since last wint
still in a very tentative form.
The    Canadian    access    to
Seeing the Straits o£ Georgia
SCENIC spots along the British Columbia coast
are served by the fast, comfortable steamers of
the Canadian Pacific's British Columbia Coast
Steamships. With only a couple of weeks of summer remaining before Labor Day, the company has
lined up a number of special cruises, one of them a
bargain trip from Vancouver to Victoria on Labor
Day. Above are some of the reasons travel along
the coast has been so heavy this summer. At top
is a view of the scenic waters of the Gulf of Georgia
from Vancouver Island's beautiful Malahat drive;
lower left, a view of the Princess Kathleen as seen
from Galiano Island in the Gulf Islands, to which
C. P. steamers make regular and excursion runs;
and, lower right, a photo of the Parliament Buildings, Victoria, set in their delightful gardens. A
cruise to the Gulf Islands next Wednesday afternoon, an excursion from Victoria to Vancouver
Thursday, a cruise to Jervis Inlet Friday, from Vancouver, are special attractions listed for next week.
Victoria, Gulf Islands,
Newcastle Included
In Cruises.
Special long week-end fares and
a number of special services will
be provided by the Canadian
Pacific's B. C. coast steamship
service for the Labor Day weekend, September 4-6.
A list of the special sailings to
be provided shows the following
line-up: On Saturday, September 4,
the regular 5:45 p.m. sailing of the
Princess Elaine from Vancouver
to Nanaimo will be delayed until
6:15 p.m.
The Princess Joan's regular sailing from Newcastle Island at 6:15
p.m. Monday, September 6, will be
cancelled, and the ship after calling at Newcastle en route from
Vancouver that morning will sail
from Nanaimo at 7 p.m. on return
trip   direct   to  Vancouver.
A special excursion will be operated by the Princess Adelaide
between Vancouver and Victoria
Monday, September 6, leaving Vancouver at 8:30 a.m. arriving Victoria 1:15 p.m., leaving Victoria 6
p.m. and arriving Vancouver 10:45
p.m. and the Princess Charlotte
will be an extra night steamer
from Vancouver at midnight Monday, September 6 to handle extra
holiday  traffic.
Another special cruise will he
operated between Victoria and
Seattle Monday, September 6, by
the Princess Victoria, leaving Vic
toria at 8:30 a.m., arriving Seattle
at 1:15 p.m., leaving Seattle at 8
p.m. and returning to Victoria at
10:45 p.m.
On the Gulf Islands run, to take
care of returning week-end holiday
traffic, the Princess Kathleen will
stop off Portlock Point about 3:3.
p.m. Monday, September 6, to pick
up passengers from launches from
Ganges Harbor and Port Washington  destined to Vancouver.
The MS. Motor Princess on trip
from Sidney 4 p.m. Monday, September 6, will call at Mayne Island
and Galiano Island to pick up holi-
dayers and proceed to Steveston.
Service May Be Established In 1939.
(By Canadian Press.)
QUEBEC,     Aug.     27. — Airmail
service on a surcharge basis may
be In  effect between  Canada  and
Latest Hollywood Romance
May Involve Ronald Colman
Sheilah Graham Reports Her Weekly
Wanderings to "Dear Diary."
(Copyright,   1937,   by   The  Dally   Province
and North  American Newspaper Alliance)
HOLLYWOOD, Aug. 27. —Dear
Diary . . . FRIDAY ... A Russian
dinner in Eddie Sutherland's peculiar house. It has one bedroom—
but three bathrooms. The main
living centres are the bar, painted
and built like a ship, and the garage, occupied only by a ping-pong
table. The lighting system is equally
strange, and went off and on three
times during the evening. Guests
included David Selzniek and wife,
Irene—the latter, tired, spent most
of the evening on the living-room
sofa—Charlie Butterworth, whom I
beat soundly at ping-pong, and Bob
Benchley, acting as a vague master
of ceremonies. Late dropper-inners
were Howard Hawkes, his wife
(Norma Shearer's sister, and looks
like her twin), and Dorothy Mac-
kail, absent from Hollywood for
three years. "Nothing has changed,"
she assures me, "except the climate—it's better." .
SATURDAY... Played tennis with
Fred Perry at his Beverly Hills
club (no kidding). The English
champ had a dislocated shoulder,
but still won (6-2). A pity. I'd have
enjoyed saying "I beat Fred Perry
at tennis!" . . . For dinner to the
"Cock 'n' Bull," and find Ronald
Colman with Writer Austin Parker
(wher"e was Benita Hume?), and
Errol Flynn, tanned and handsome,
with Lili Damita. Everything between them is
now okay, Errol
says. But I still
have my doubts.
SUNDAY . . .
Lunch with
Helen Hayes,
husband Charlie
Ml a e_ A tthur,
she appeared in "Farewell to Arms."
"He possesses the essential quality
for good acting — humility," says
Helen, who has plenty of it herself . . . Every studio in town has
tried to sign her up for a picture
deal—but nothing doing. She prefers the stage, and at the end of
the month begins a forty weeks'
tour of the United States in "Victoria Regina." "What day is it?"
MacArthur asks his wife. "You
can't fool me this time," replies
Miss Hayes. "It isn't our wedding
anniversary." Last year the occasion came and went—and they
didn't remember until Christmas
MONDAY . . . Kay Francis is the
guest of honor at a cocktail party
given by her favorite director,
Stanley Logan, and wife, Odette
Myrtle. But it is hard to recognize
Kay behind the dark glasses which
she wears all the time—indoors as
well as out Boy friend Delmer
Daves stays "put" by her side ....
George Brent is another film star
guest. He looks a trifle haggard
—result of his marriage annulment suit against Constance Worth
... Ande Chariot, visiting theatrical
impressario from London, turned
thumbs down when I auditioned
for him several years ago. "If it
makes you feel any better, I did
the same to Lynn Fontanne, and
now look where
she is," consoles
The Frank Morgans entertain
for a small, but
select group of
friends — two
blonde ex-Follies
girls — Virginia
Bruce and Hazel
Forbes, plump
J-___   _■ _>__    nf
Police Rushed to Mombasa.
MOMBASA, Kenya, Aug. 27.—
(CP-Havas) — Eleven Arabs were
killed in new clashes here on Thursday between Arabs and native
The situation is tense with police
reinforcements speeding here from
Nairobi. The disorders were a
sequel to all-night rioting Tuesday
and Wednesday between Arabs and
natives of the Machaga and Juluo
tribes in the native quarter.
Two British officials, District
Officer Leslie and Chief Inspector
Nelson, were attacked by a band of
Arabs. Leslie narrowly escaped
death when an Askari knocked
down his attacker.
Loaded rifles with fixed bayonets
were issued to the police. Arabs
and natives were warned any
further attempt at disorder would
be severely punished. Arabs were
alleged to have started the outbreak
by insulting tribal laborers.
Devour Even Thistles;
Climb House Walls.
YOUNGSTOWN, Alta., Aug. 27.—
(CP) — Across drought-scourged
farmlands and sun-wilted gardens,
millions of caterpillars, in a slow,
but relentless invasion, moved westward from the Saskatchewan border, swept a triangular district
southeast of here Wednesday.
The silky "army" worms, a crawling mass, moved onward from the
borderlands, leaving a path of destruction, desj^oylng even Russian
Ben Lomond Climbed
By   Motor   Car
3 Feet Wide
GLASGOW, Aug. 27.—(CP) —
Ben Lomond, Scotland, 3192-foot
mountain, has been conquered by
Wallace Henderson, a Glasgow
engineer, used a home-made car,
three feet wide and five feet
long with wheels only fourteen
inches In diameter to accomplish
the feat. The car was driven by
a motorcycle engine mounted on
the rear.
The track he followed up the
side of the mountain is four miles
<~* t> /ss
Investigators Seek Ship Relic Origin
A team of investigators hope to settle once
and for all one of the most contentious questions along the Vancouver waterfront: Is the
"walking beam" at Prospect Point in Stanley
Park actually, from the old sidewheeler Beaver,
or was it from the Princess Louise?
It is now a little more than 65 years ago
since the steamer Beaver, first on the North
Pacific, ran afoul of a tide rip in First Narrows
and was dashed against the rocks below Prospect Point. For four years from that fateful
day, July 26, 1888, the forlorn wreck lay on
the beach, a pitiful monument to its illustrious
beginnings. Finally, a wash from a passing
vessel, committed the barnacled remains to the
deep and a final resting place.
Ever since November, 1940, when a "walking beam" was turned up beneath a Cordova
street building, a controversy has whirled
around the half-ton piece of machinery as to
whether or not the Beaver ever had a "walking beam."
Historians are divided on the question. Major
J. S. Matthews, city archivist, is convinced the
relic near the historic marker at Prospect Point
is from the Beaver. Others say emphatically,
"no, it's from the Princess Louise," the first
CPR steamer on the coast, whose hulk lay for
years in Coal Harbor.
To try and solve the mystery once and for
all, the Vancouver section of the B.C. Historical
Association is conducting a full-scale investigation into the question. The study is being conducted by Capt. Charles Cates, who has called
upon James Brydan, senior steam inspector,
department of transport, Vancouver, for assist- ■
ance.   The search may extend as far as the
Old Country, where the Beaver was built in
1834 for the Hudson's Bay Company.
What makes Capt. Cates think something
may be wrong with the Beaver theory is that
the "walking beam"—used to help operate the
engines—was an American innovation, and the
Beaver was built in England. Also, Capt. Cates
points out, photographs of the Beaver's wreckage show no signs of any "walking beams,"
even though it has been suggested she carried
four of them.
Whatever the answer, Capt. Cates and the
&i?pipsfbm ss-   m mm■ "■ "■ ^m&"
a short career on the stormy coa^|
B.C. Historical Association are going to leave
no stone unturned to settle the argument.
* * *
A request for a photograph of  Canadian
National's SS. Prince William has brought a
rare photograph of this vessel from J. N. Mc-
Leod, veteran coast mariner.
The photograph of the Prince William was
taken in the Skeena River in the early 1930s
when the vessel was operated in the passenger
service between Prince Ruprt and the Queen
Charlotte Islands.
The Prince William had a short career on
this coast. She was built in Germany as the
Aktion, and was brought to B.C. for the Queen
Charlotte service, but she ran for only one
season, under the , command of Capt. Bill
Thomas. She was found unsatisfactory for the
stormy passage Of Hecate Straits, and the ship
was laid up at Prince Rupert for several years.
Eventually she was sold to Capt. Paul
Armour, who scrapped her.
Mr. McLeod, who took the photograph,
served originally with the old Grand Trunk
Pacific, precursors of the Canadian National
coast service.
He was later with Union Steamships for
many years, and is now serving as deepsea
* *       *
Signs of the Times: Canada Steamship Lines
has installed television sets on two of their
Great Lakes vessels, the Thunder Bay and Sir
James SDunn. Further installations, are planned
for two other ships now under construction £s?
the. line.
  | .   HOME FOR
I        FOR SURE
K heave after work, 6:00 p.m.—arrive same even-
| ing 11:00 p.m.     Regardless of FOG, WIND,
g SNOW you'll get there for sure, so plan now!
« ' Go this fast, sure, all-weather way.     Choose
g from schedules below.
l/flM. nimrn C^R   Princess   steamers   and   Van-
•An.uu.tK couver    Island   Coach    tines   com-
it JP bine services  at  Nanaimo — take
^-\^*t_ y°u  fr°rn  CPR  Dock  in  Vancouver
/jj|   Q. to   Coach   Lines   Depot   in  heart   of
.,     ;'£i Victoria.   All the way in luxury on
n/W_IM0\ one    ticket.     No    other    charges.
"?      \t Various    schedules    get    vou   there
\,   \L in 41/2 to  51/2  hours,  regardless of
\.« FOG,     WIND     or     SNOW.     Extra
equipment  to  handle  any  number.
Arrive   refreshed,   ready   to   enjoy
$M      "Sf"           Ly- v°n. Ar. Vie.
Mm       / *1             6.00 a.m         11.15a.m.
SB  m I V             9.00  a.m  2.15 p.m.
AOL 11.00  a.m      *3.45  p.m.
■"HP 3.00   p.m       *7.30   p.m.
■ 6.00  p.m    ?»10.30  p.m.
6.00 p.m         11.00  p.m.
.»_.->   ._,_■», Lv- vic-                                     Ar- Von-
ONE  WAY 6.00 a.m    10.30  a.m.
All   rue WAV 9.00 a.m     2.30 p.m.
ALL THE  WAT *]2.01   p.m      4.30 p.m.
[Regular        *o cc /        1.45 p.m        7.45 p.m.
SKeturn *°'JJ 3.00 p.m      8.30 p.m.
8„,    .       . 5.45  p.m    11.30 p.m.
gWeekend       $7,95 **6.45 p.m ...   11.30 p.m.
[Return  * Islander "Crimson Carpet"
PH-.KI. schedules—no  extra   charge.
ii,/vV!«_.._ * Fridays, Saturdays, Sundays and
MU   1-2212 Holidays.
Vancouver Island
 ; ^;_«f^.4"^'-
. . White Broadcloth
ind Wear!
. always comfortable
hore fine shirt features
Call HE 1-2211"
i Furnishings, Main Floor
Men's SI
/{. Grey, blue or brown.
Sizes 28 to 44.
• Arnel and viscose . .
>Jg>       and inside trim
• Expertly tailored by on
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Sorry, No Pho
fou'll Enjoy One-Stop Christ
. . . master retiring
Skipper Ends
27 Years on
CPR Vessels
A veteran British Columbia
seadog ended his last watch as
the Canadian Pacific's Princess
Elizabeth drove under the Lions
Gate bridge in a line mist
Tuesday evening.
Five minutes after the ship
was tied up, Captain Henry C.
Andersen was ready to wall-
down the gangway of his command and start life ashore.
Captain Andersen began his
seagoing career 48 years ago
In his native Norway. He circumnavigated the globe several
times but fell in love with
Vancouver when he arrived
here 27 years ago.
Since then he has been
master of every CPR coast
vessel except the Princess
His retirement starts officially on January 31 after accumulated leave.
hi.c variety is wide and
sstive table—you'll find
las budget.
> Shop Early
27th AND 28th
:r Mainland
NUTS       I
^k,   NEW  CROP>  |
i. 'fSt
Dredge Edges Away
But Ship Rule Stays
The controversial dredge in the First Narrows has
moved to within 150 feet of the edge of the channel, but
Canadian Pacific Steamships will still refuse to send its
ships through in fog.
Neil Christie, dredging superintendent of B.C. Bridge and
Dredging, owners of the equipment, says ships passing
through the Narrows now have
an 800-foot channel.
The channel was constricted
to about 700 feet when the
dredge began operations in' October,
Christie said the dredge may
move out again.
 It's Cocktails
For None at
This Party
It'll be cocktails for none at
Vancouver's biggest New
Year's Eve party Thursday
The party — expected to attract more than 1500 persons—
will be for members of the
Vancouver chapter of Alcoholics   Anonymous   and   their
 •*m^**^ i      ■ i      ii —■ ui ■ ii
During the past 51
years Carl F. Timms has
watched the B.C. coastwise fleet of the CPR develop from a mixed collection of paddle-wheelers
and ancient steamboats to
its present modern status.
During the same period
he worked his way upward
from the job of office boy
at New Westminster to
the position of assistant
to the marine superintendent at Vancouver.
At the ^nd of this month,
Mr. Timms will retire,
proud that he has been with
the company almost since its
start on this coast.
He recalls that when he
first joined the service, most
of the officers still wore the
cap badges of the old Canadian Pacific Navigation Co.,
which the CPR purchased in
The fleet was a heterogeneous one. The old side-
wheelers Yosemite and
Princess Louise still,
churned their way across
the gulf occasionally, and
the CPR had a ihriving
business on tfie Fraser
River between Ladner and
Mr. Timms first went to
sea as assistant purser in the
sternwheeler Beaver, which
made three round trips a
week from New Westminster
to   Chilliwack.
Flexible Schedule
Her schedule was elastic.
Whenever a farmer came
down to the river bank with
a pail of milk or a crate of
eggs, the steamer would push
her snub nose up.on the bank
to pick up thc freight. As
a rule the Beaver left New
Westminster early in the
morning, and ambled into
Chilliwack about 3 p.m. In
times of freshet she was
much slower.
Mr.  Timms  also served  in
the   Transfer   on   the   run   to
Ladner,   and  then   graduated
to the post of purser in the
old   Queen   City,   an   ancient
wooden  steamer  that  served
the logging-camp route.
Later he joined the famous   old   Charmer,   and
served     in     the     Princess
Beatrice   when  she   started
the Seattle run, and he was
aboard  the  Princess  Royal
on her first trip.   All these
fine   old   ships   have    long
since gone to the scrapper.
In   1910   Mr.   Timms   went
ashore  as  chief clerk  to  the
engineer   superintendent.   He
served with the Royal Flying
Corps in World War One, returning to the CPR in  1919.
He has been assistant to the
marine      superintendent      at
Vancouver  since   1929.
Tug Refitted
One of the real old-time
towboat. on the coast, the
45-year-old Maagen, of M.R.
Cliff Tugboat Co. Ltd.,
emerged from refit on Thursday with new engine, increased power, and a facelift.
It speaks well for her
staunch old wooden hull, that
Wilmot Cliff considered it
worth-while to install a new
300 h.p. Atlas Superior diesel,
the first of its type to be
fitted in a towboat on the
It was a tight squeeze to
get the new engine into
position, but Bill Ballan-
tyne, engineer superintendent of the Cliff company, is an old hand at
meeting such problems.
During his long career he
has supervised the conversion of more than 30 tugs
on the coast.
The Maagen . . . (her name
means sea-gull in Swedish)
. . . was built by the pioneer
coast shipwright Andrew
Moscrop for the old Progressive Tug Co. Her new engine is the third in her career.
When she was taken on a
trial spin in the harbor
Thursday by Skipper Stan
Campbell, she proved to
those aboard that there's
plenty of life in the old girl
 >f Extortion Try
attempted extortion and was
remanded by Mr. Justice Whit-
taker for sentence.
mail ordert promptly filled
)s shop
629 Granville St.
ids as you water
ugh the leaves
i Folium in water according to
is on the package. Use a watering
:ket or Monsanto _ new plastic
described below. Folium nutri-
absorbed through the leaves in
of minutes.
\ugh tho roots
ilanced plant food is a liquid
', and roots will absorb whatever
;he ground as you spray.
 ■ . '.to. -to"
SHY SEAMAN thaws out at coffee bar with dancing
partner who is a member of the Seamen's Institute
"Light Keepers" organization. Dances are held three
nights a week at the institute on West Hastings at
Bute.   Twice a week there are film showings.
BELL FROM the old SS Princess Maquinna, the CPR
passenger-cargo boat that for years called at ports
along the West Coast of Vancouver island, now summons church-goers to the chapel in Vancouver's Seamen's Institute.   Chaplain Stanley Smith souhds call.
xFlying Angel' Pennant Unfurled at
Seamen's Centenary in Cathedral
The young seaman stepped
confidently off his ship, though
Vancouver was a strange port
and he didn't speak English.
He knew exactly where he
was going. He even knew what
he would find when he got
Following the directions in
the "Welcome to Vancouver"
pamphlet in his native Greek
which had been left on his ship,
he arrived at 1195 West Hastings.   There the "Flying Angel"
pennant he had seen in ports on
the other side of the world was
heart-warmingly familiar. Here
he knew he would find a home,
a club, a church.
Sunday at 7:30 p.m. in Christ
Church Cathedral, the centenary
of the only Anglican church
society in the* world that cares
for seamen will be observed.
Rt. Rev. G. P. Gower, bishop
of New Westminster, will
preach, and the service of
thanksgiving and rededication
marking 100 years of service to
men of the sea by the Missions
to Seamen will follow the order
used in Westminster Abbey last
Feb. 20.
The Vancouver Seamen's Institute goes back some 54 years.
It got its start when Rev. F. G.
Finnes Clinton, then ■ rector of
old St. James' on Cordova street,
set aside a room in the church
for this purpose.
Today, in its modern home on
West Hastings at Bute, Rev.
Stanley Smith, the chaplain,
with the help of his wife, a
steward and a janitor, keeps the
welcome mat out for men from
every ship coming into Vancouver.
He visits every ship in port,
pays a weekly visit to seamen
hospitalized in Shaughnessy,
gives advice to the troubled,
writes seamen's families, takes
part in arranging programs
for their entertainment and
preaches to those who want to
attend church yi the mission's
little chapel on Sunday nights.
Vancouver citizens, as befitting people in a port town, have
a warm heart for the men who
go down to the sea in ships.
Particularly so are the 25 girl
members of the mission's Light
Keepers Organization who act
as dance partners at the thrice-
weekly institute dances, visit
seamen in hospitals, help ar
range entertainments.
"Strangely enough seamen are
usually  shy,"  Mr.  Smith  said.
A recording of the bells
of Westminster Abbey welcomed 281 people to the
first service of Christ
Anglican church, Kitimat,
in the newly constructed
Parish Hall, last Sunday.
This hall will serve as a
church for some time. Considerable work still necessary to finish the interior
will be done by volunteer
labor, says the rector, Rev.
Graham Tucker.
Peace Talk
By Quaker
A man who believ._ the comtr
people of the world can deterr
their own destiny, will throy
a challenge for peace in talk
tonight and Sunday.'
Cecil E. Hinshaw, Quake?
traveller and educator, ar
head of William Penn Cr
discuss "The Price of
St. Andrew's-Wesley U'
at  7:30  p.m.   Sunday
he   will   address   a
Tonight at 8, Dittos  past  winter
the   big  Quaker
Hill,    Wallingfo
will speak at
ing of the Fe1
ation  in   Fe'
West Seconr"
At 11 a/
guest   sp<
 o Frequency
pit use of a radio frequency
defence effort.
Navy Cadets
Win Awards
Cadet Captain Stewart B. Als-
gard, RCN(R), of Powell River,
has won the top award of the
Naval Training Division, Uni
versify of B.C.
The third year arts student
was named Outstanding Cadet
and winner of the Sea Bird
Award 1956.
Special award for outstanding
service went to Chief Cadet
Captain James F. Cowie, RCN,
of Vancouver and Regina, Sask.
First year outstanding cadet
is Cadet Settimo C. Zanon,
RCN(R), of Nelson. Outstanding cadet of second year is
Cadet Michael L. Hadley,
RCN(R), of Vancouver. Outstanding cadet of third year is
Cadet Captain Graham L.
Anderson, RCN(R), of Duncan.
LONDON (CP) — Canadian veterans will parade
Sunday with British, French
and Belgian comrades to
commemorate one of the
bitterest battles of the First
World War—the victorious
struggle on Easter Monday,
39 years ago, for Vimy
They will march in a
memorial parade along
Whitehall to the cenotaph
where wreaths will be
April 7, 1956 ***H
Truck Salvaged
From Bed of Bay
A hay-laden truck was salvaged from 40 feet of water in
Nanaimo harbor.
The truck was fished out by
the salvage vessel Nanaimo
Dredger, operated by Pacific
Salvage Ltd.
Salvageman Albert Smith
located the damaged truck after
it backed off the ferry Ena.
Driver Jack Waiford escaped.
tt in com-
ide con-
^res . . .
 'Save the Minto' Letters
Pouring Into Ottawa
Dramatic Drive Waged
To Keep B.C. Paddle Wheeler
•    Vancouver Sun Staff Reporter
OTTAWA, April 20. — More than 100 letters have
jcome in from all parts of British Columbia supporting
j Kootenay member of parliament Herbert Herridge's "Save
the Minto" Campaign..      .    j- ! '■•	
Letters are also coming m mantically isolated log lodge
:from sentimental U.S. tourists at the water's edge. Without
I protesting     beaching    the    56- the Minto, he'll have to resort
... battles over boat
year-old Arrow Lakes steamer
whose gilded staterooms have
housed kings and notables from
all over the world.
For the Kootenay MP, it's
not only a fight for his constituents, it's a personal fight
to save the only transportation
to and from his lakeside ranch.
Herridge, who describes himself as a "peasant farmer"
lives   at   Shoreholm   in   a   ro-
to outboard or "put-put" travel.
Service is due to be suspended by Canadian Pacific on Saturday.
The following day B.C. public
works minister P. A. Gaglardi
is due to arrive for discussions
in Ottawa and residents, who
would be marooned without the
service, are asking that it be
maintained at least until after
talks are_cgm_Bl_eted.	
READING, Eng., April
20 — (Reuters) — Only two
babies survived today of
the 15 newly-born infants
dragged from a blazing maternity ward here Easter
Sunday, and they are dangerously ill in oxygen tents.
Four more babies died
today after doctors had
worked all night on the
smokerchoked little victims, all of whom had been
carried from the burning
nursery by nurse Freda
.arger Missile Range
faited States Air Force plans
. extend its 1000-mile-long
uided missile range which
tretches from Florida to
'uerto Rico, 3500 miles to As-
ension Island.
Machine Sets Type
With Beam of Light
z    NEW YORK, April 20—(BUP)—A nfew electronic
machine sets type automatically with a beam of light.
The light beam sets a type
character on photographic film.
It then sets another alongside
the first, then another and
It is capable of setting type
at a speed at least four times
greater than the fastest mechanical typesetter now in use.
The machine is one of the
two units of the "Linofilm" of
the Mergenthaler Linotype Co.
One unit prepares the tape
which operates the other, the
automatic unit. Any girl skilled
at typewriting can operate it.
Indeed, the principal operating
part is a standard typewriter
There   is  a  small  auxiliary
keyboard. By punching these
keys, the operator specifies the
type face, and the type size,
specifies spacing between
letters (in units of a 12th of an
em) and between lines of letters, cancels out faulty lines,
and makes each line come, out
even according to the desired
length of line which is set on a
LUCKNOW, India (Reuters) :— Five SMoslems were
drowned near here while on
their way to perform religious
offerings to the River Gonitis
to mark the Shabebarat Moslem  festival.
 No war says spokesman K.*y
Black Ball, CPS deny
ferry cutting reports
The Canadian Pacific Steamships has no intention
of scrapping it's Victoria-Port Angeles, Wash., service, a
spokesman said here.
A report from Victoria quoted
unidentified businessmen as
saying CPS and Black Ball Fer
ries were planning to drop the
Victoria-Port Angeles service
and concentrate on an all-out
war for the lucrative Nanaimo-
Vancouver trade.
"There is no war," said the
CPS spokesman. "There is no
truth in the report that we plan
to scrap the Victoria-Port Angeles run. It started on May 1
and will continue to Sept. 24.
We don't operate the service in
the winter months."
A spokesman for Black Ball
(Ferries also denied reports of
an impending "war." He denied
that any changes are planned
in the Port Angeles service.
 ^_rn    ixra   inrErar   wcts    crrrown—uai-r.
until it almost touched that spread
tail. The handsome black ruff
around nis neck was raised so
that it could best be seen. His
stout wings were dropped until
the tips touched the old log.
Thunderer strutted. Peter had
seen him strut before, but never
like this. Between times he
drummed. He made the sound
with his wings. It rolled out like
ATTook of anger came into \
bright eyes. He drew himself
more proudly than ever. Then S
thundered back a reply.
Thunderer was jealous. He w
afraid that Mrs. Grouse might |
to see who that other drumm
was, and perhaps fall in love wi
He didn't know just where si
was. He had hoped that she wi
somewhere near watcShingjiim, b
Thunderer was working himself into a rage.
thunder, and at a distance woul
sound   like   a   thunder-storm  fa
_________—j- *—	
In connection with
Which has the THREE SHORTEST and MOST RELIABLE routes between Canada and Europe
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MANCHESTER 18 Moult St., Cross St
BRADFORD-     -- _._8 Forster Square
BRISTOL Back Hall Chambers, Baldwin St.
GLASGOW -   105 Hope St.
EDINBURGH 18 Frederick St.
DUNDEE 7 Albert Square
PARIS ------------       24 Boulevard des Capucines
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HAVRE 112 Boulevard de Strasbourg
ROTTERDAM 86 Zuidlaak
Telegrams can be forwarded "VIA COMMERCIAL CABLES," to Europe, Egypt, East and West Coasts of Africa, Turkey, India, China,
Cochin-China, Corea, Manila, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, South America, Zanzibar, Mozambique, Arabia,
Cape of Good Hope, Cape Verde, Madeira, and the Canary Islands.
Messages for transmission by this Company will be received and transmitted ONLY on the following
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received and sent forward over its lines to the terminus thereof, and there delivered to the next connecting Telegraph Company, only on the terms
and conditions as follows:
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failure to transmit or deliver, or from any error in the transmission or delivery of an unrepeated telegram, whether happening from the negligence of its servants or otherwise, or for delays from interruption in the working of its lines, for errors in cypher or obscure messages, or for
errors from illegible writing, beyond the amount received for sending the same. To guard against errors, the Company will repeat back any
telegram for an extra payment of one' quarter the regular rate.
This Company shall not be liable for the act or omission of any other Company, but will endeavour to forward the telegram by any other
Telegraph Company, necessary to reaching its destination, but only as the agent of the sender, and without liability therefor. This Company
shall not be responsible for messages until the same are presented and accepted at one of its transmitting offices; if a message is sent to such office
by one of the Company's messengers, he acts for that purpose as the sender's agent; if by telephone, the person receiving the message acts therein as agent of the sender, being authorized to assent to these conditions for the sender.   No employee of the Company shall vary the foregoing.
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The Vancouver Sun, Controlled and Operated by Vancouver People,
Is a Newspaper Devoted to Progress and Democracy,
Tolerance and Freedom of Thought.
Public Right Demands End
To Steamer Strike Threat
A quarter of a million Vancouver Island
residents expect government to prevent
them from being cut off by sea from the
rest of Canada.
They look to Prime Minister Diefen-
baker and Premier Bennett to uphold the
public right to basic transportation servioe.
This is entirely aside from the merits of
the labor dispute that threatens to cut off
all steamer service early next week.
The islanders expect from Mr. Dief en-
baker swift action to put back into operation the strikebound Canadian Pacific
steamers which come under federal labor
I They expect Mr. Bennett to demand this
action from the national government. They
look to him to shift his own administration
into emergency gear to head off a
threatened strike next week of the only
operating steamer service, Black Ball. It
is under provincial jurisdiction.
There's no doubt about how swiftly
Ottawa would move if Prince Edward
Island was threatened with isolation by
sea. The national government couldn't
tolerate the prospect of an entire province
being cut off from Canada by a general
steamer strike.
Yet a similar island.on the west coast
with more than twice the population faces
exactly such a cut-off next week.
For weeks Ottawa has dodged its
responsibility to end the deckhands' strike
of CPR steamers. It has been content with
routine mediation which got nowhere.
Ottawa has been hiding behind the fact
that Black Ball still provided some connection to the island, despite all the loss
and inconvenience of such limited service
in this busy summertime.
Now deck officers and engineers
threaten to strike Black Ball as well.
They're reported aiming only to force
Ottawa to move decisively to settle the
CPR strike. If that's true, it is far more
admirable than Ottawa's supine acceptance
week after week of a tie-up of part of the
national -transportation system.
A complete steamer strike-out next
week would be unparalleled since the
national railway strike of 1950. That came
despite warnings from the Liberal government that the first national railway strike
would be the last. Prime Minister St.
Laurent was just as tough as his ignored
He put through an act of Parliament
with a one-two punch. It put railroaders
back on the rails while management and
unions tried a 30-day chance to settle by
When that failed, the strike was
knocked out by a federal mediator who
imposed a settlement which both sides
were bound by law to accept.
There's been no real move toward'a
national railway strike since. When a
threat seemed shaping in 1954, Mr. St.
Laurent put negotiations back on the track
merely by announcing that he would
summon Parliament. immediately if a
strike came.
Action just as tough is now required
of Conservative Prime Minister Diefen-
baker—with full co-operation by Premier
Let neither think that the public will
accept a total steamer tie-up mildly.
One woman already has phoned The
Sun. She asks why, if Black Ball is struck,
Premier Bennett shouldn't charter the
ferries. Then call upon Ottawa to put the
navy to work operating them.
That would be a tough one indeed to
answer once all ferries stopped moving
between Vancouver Island and the mainland..
; an
g   a
:e to
.. j,
I Mr.
s not
tig a
<id of
OXFORD, England (UPI)
—Oxford racked up one goat
today on the university silly
season scoreboard.
The goat was found
perched on the roof of Mer-
ton College. A Royal Society for the Prevention of
Cruelty to Animals officers
struggled up the 167 - step
narrow staircase and dragged the goat back down.
At rival Cambridge last
week, students parked a
truck on the roof.
Auto Union
Vote Heavy
For Striking
United Auto Workers union
said today a strike vote in
progress at General Motors
and Ford Company plants is
running more than 13-to-l in
favor of a walkout.
Uniort officials said returns
from 33 UAW locals at General Motors plants and 13
Ford locals show a total of
57,668 for and 4,397 against
striking if necessary to back
up union demands in current
bargaining sessions with the
big three auto companies.
There was no progress report on the vote at Chrysler
Corporation   locals.
Negotiations on new' contracts are in recess over the
Nixon Asks
Party Unity
president Richard Nixon, seeking to calm Republican jitters
over the Sherman Adams controversy, says party leaders
should close ranks and not
In a pep talk Friday night
to Republican state chairmen,
Nixon   said-   "TVip trnnKla witVi
THE VANCQUVER SUN: Sat., June 21,1958    ***3
Auto-Hit Boy Dies;
Mercy Flight Vain
A seven-year-old boy died in St. Paul's Hospital
Friday, three hours after he was struck by a car near
his Gibson's home.   .
John Bunyan was rushed
to Vancouver in a chartered
plane moments after he suffered severe head injuries in
the accident on the Sechelt
Peninsula Highway.
The boy was crossing behind a parked, school bus
when the vehicle, coming the
other direction, struck him
He was accompanied on the
mercy flight by his father,
Capt. John Bunyan of the
Black Ball Ferries.
A Richmond ambulance
rushed the boy through rush
hour traffic to the hospital,
where he died shortly after
Medical Officer
OTTAWA (CP) — Dr.E. H.
Lossing, 51, chief of the health
department's epidemiology division, has been promoted to a
new post of principal medical
officer in charge of health insurance services.
Algiers Rebels
Hit de Gaulle
ALGIERS (Reuters) — Premier Charles de Gaulle was
sharply criticized at a stormy
session of the committee of
public safety Friday night t$r
his agreement to withdr^v
7,000 French troops frofti
He also' came under fire for
his decision to bring Socialist
leader Guy. Mollet with him
on his next visit to Algiers in
Last time Mr. Mollet, then
prime minister, set foot in
Algiers he was pelted with
The public safety committee
led the military-civilian revolt
in Algeria that brought about
Gen. de Gaulle's return to
power in France.
This Week . . .at POTTERS!
Solitaires   and   ensembles   in   a   multitude
of styles and 14k gold settings.
PRICED  FROM  $100 TO $500
• Fully  Insured  and
Credit Jewellers £95
Diamond Merchants    GRANVILLE
This new correctional institution lor r,e_orma_!e adult offenders',"
located about 30 miles from Vancouver, B.C., presents a modern
program of social and vocational training, outstanding opportunities are available for:
<;. men ..ic/m
jiokLL*__A r_ c ik - if \
 CPR Steamer Cut
Studied in Ottawa
By Sun Staff Keporter
VICTORIA—The federal government Is "looking
into" the Canadian Pacific Railway plan to discontinue
its   winter   steamship  run   between  Vancouver  and
Attorney - General Robert
Bonner announced this Sun-
day after a telephone conference with federal Public
Works Minister Howard
"It appears the most eftec-
tive action can be taken by the
federal government," Bonnep
"They have greater respon.
sibility although we have
greater concern."
(Green said Saturday in Ottawa the federal government
had no power to act against
the railway plan because it
was the decision of a private
Bonner expects to make a
full report on the matter today
to the  provincial legislature.
He said he had failed to
reach any "rewarding conclusions" in studying the
terms of B.C.'s union with
He was seeking a legal
means of forcing the railway
to maintain its year-round
Meanwhile Mayor Percy
Scurrah of Victoria said he
was prepared to lead a delega-
tion to Ottawa if necessary to
seek a federal subsidy to keep
the steamship service running
at least until provincial gov-
ernment  ferries   are  started.
The CPR announced Friday
it will cancel its winter serv-
iee linking Vancouver, Victoria
and Seattle, Feb. 26.
Mayor Tom Alsbury said he
would ask Vancouver City
Council Tuesday to decide
whether or not to fight this
"matter of serious concern" to
f, rfSf
 government tcT~give
versify the money it needs,
preventing a fee increase, and
allowing the university to control the scholarship offers.
He said, the scholarship offers have not improved university service or facilities. .
"And right now, service is
the problem, brought about
by lack of enough money," he
: ."The money - for -. marks
scheme" isn't.'bad," he said, but
still the great bulk of ■ students will have to pay. There
aren't that many first and second class S students."
S He said a fee increase
Would encourage ; more stu-'
Idefits to take Grade-13 (first
year university) in high;school,
tfliis decreasing university income.     ■' ' S '
Dean- Scarfe warned, however, that lack of more money
for the faculty could make
professors more inclined to
seek, jobs elsewhere.
"The government has given
the university enough to keep
it as it is now," he said. "There
s, no money for salary increases.
"This means that the best
professors, the top-notchers,
mil be more likely to Sleave—
[f they get job offers.
"Enthusiasm will be a little
3ulled, too, and this will affect
the professors' quality of
"And when a professor lacks
.nthusiasm and sparkle he
makes classes drab. That's
[certainly not what we want."
Present fees at UBC are
f240 for most arts and sciences
ranging up to $445 for medicine.   .
Students pointed out that if
fees are boosted by $100 the
noney - for - marks scheme
.vould mean a saving of only
i>61 for the top five per cent of
students and $10 to $15 for the
;op second-class to qualify.
Following a meeting of the
university student council, its
president "Chuck" Connaghan
brief to the cabinet. .The recognition of scholarship is to
be commended. ■ ,
"However, benefits derived
from the plan by'the top 25
"per cent of students will be
negated .by the substantial fee
increase necessitated by the inadequacy of the actual operating grant.
"Including the anticipated
fee increase of $100, the actual
saving '— to students in the
i*C. CO.
1G83 - 193U
(old H.B not C tt)
. P, HIT
.»XJ-iO-      «
S ( X
1883 -
(Fraser River()l883-
1883 -
1883 -
1883 -
1883 -
1863 -
3 »
7 -
1888 -
1890 -
1890 -
1090 -
ft)      1893 -
1893 -
1896 -
1896 -
1897 -
1898 -
1898 -
1898 -
1899 -
renamed "EV"
renamed "SALV
renamed "FAM< :;USn
- 1931
1912 renamed "BO
191L    ■
1932   (tugboat)
1 :sl S [ .
( X
__ -J X wl.
.")1912 -
91k — 1922    remaned
19UU -
1911. -
1923 -
1925 -
1-1-2-3-Ii-a-6-7-8-9- FERHX 2u
sold or lost
retired 1920
Dismantled and scrapped
sold 1913
Coastwise Steamship & Barge Co.,
Vancouver. lienamed "FAMOUS".
..rocked and sunk is SkeeEa River
1926. Salvaged and scrapped 1932.
sold 1Q12
Terminal Stean Navigation Co.,
Vancouver. Rehamed H    KfAHj
resold and eventually bottom
dropped out.
"CZAR"  (tug)
serines removed to another tug,
either 1  SB! or  SETT and
wooden hull broken up in Vancouver.
retired 1933
retired 1932
Sold way 193k and is now a
derelict and beached near shore at
Nelson B.C. Owner not known.
Terminal Steam navigation Co.,
and afterwards scrapped.
Dismantled 1933 and hull sold
I/arch, 1933. Superstructure nov.
used as summer residence at
Kookanee, Kcotemy Take, B.C.
fcy Mr. J. iirb.
1." 1907
CITY"     189U
Sold 1917
retired 1928
retired 1932
retired 1920
Sold to B.C. Fishing Co Tor use
as barge, scrapped in 1928.
Scrapi_ed in 1932 and burned for
fittings at Albert Head.
Kingsley     ;;ion Co, Vancouver.
Used in lime trade until 1921
■when she was converted to bar/ge.
Dismantled and scrapped.
Dismantled and hull sold Aug 1932.
later beached at Poison B.C. and is
summer house-baat owned by
r. .-.P. Dill
Dismantled; 1920. Engines
transferred to S.S.
and hull 9     .
 Extract from !,HISTOHY OF BRITISH COj S
.section 111, The Colonial Period,
Chapter VLLr_, Travel and Trade Facilities,
Page Uii9, paragraph 2.
This line may be said to be the continuation of the steamers which
coasted and traded in the colonial days from Victoria. It assumed its present
name in l8S3f: with Captain John Irving as manager, commencing business with
the steaner.- LOUISE", H,r, "-:..?. i:,!,
IP r ■".". During the year the steamers ";;SST.    ;PE",
:: and ,r       -■;,'  re purchased. The fleet has since been increased
by the purchase or building of the " 1 .:  , 3. HOST*,      ,    PIKR"
"SARDOiPOC'V'l ::;'. The latter were powerful ships. The line
connects with the Canadian Pacific Railway at Vancouver land runs to New
ViCstainster and points farther up tho Fraser River, The Company also sup; lies
vessels to Fort Simpson, Skeena River, including Queen Charlotte Islands,
Bella Bella and Alert Payj also to Uclulet and Alberni in Barclay Sound on
the west coast.
Authors     -rider Begg
 mritlng Cablet
 Oft    UtflCt* TT*N**tf fc*\
  ^OlAN ..
&'* C. C9'
a^6Tan p>a
. c. c
Fire Alarm Directory and Instructions
PIER A-l and 2
Fire Alarm Signal       Location of Fire Alarm Box
4-2 South End, Pier A-2, Section 1-B
4-3 North End, Centre, Section 53-B
4-4 South End, Pier A-l, Section 1-B
4-5 East Side, A-2—Outside—150 ft. from North End
4-6 West Side, A-l—Outside—350 ft. from North End
4-1-2 Pier A-2, Section 23-A
4-1-3 Pier A-l, Section 24-B
1. In case of fire TURN IN THE ALARM IMMEDIATELY at the nearest fire
alarm box, as per instructions on alarm box.
2. Those hearing the alarm bell can ascertain the location of the fire by counting the strokes of the bell, which is repeated three times. For example 4
strokes, pause 6 strokes, long pause and repeat, means that fire is near
alarm box 4-6, A-l, North Side.
3. Those at scene of fire will fight it with the fire fighting appliances readily
at hand.
4. One checker will remain at each berth as long as his life is not endangered.
5. Men at Piers, other than where fire is located, will report to the Foreman's
office in that respective Pier and await instructions.
6. Hose reels are located at:
South End of Pier A-l, and
South End—East Side—Pier A-2
Fire Harm Directory and Instructions
SHEDS 5, 6 and 7
Fire Alarm Signal Location of Fire Alarm Box
7-3 5—East End—Inside
7-4 7—North Side—Section 17-C—Inside
7-5 7—South East Corner—Inside
7-1-2    5—South West Corner—Outside
7-1-3 6—South Side on Annex—Outside
7-1-4 7—South East Corner—Outside
7-1-5 7—North Side—Outside
7-1-6    : 5—North Side—Outside—West of Slip
1. In case of fire TURN IN THE ALARM IMMEDIATELY at the nearest fire
alarm box, as per instructions on alarm box.
2. Those hearing the Alarm Bell can ascertain the location of the fire by counting the strokes of bell which is repeated 3 times. For example, 7 strokes,
pause, 3 strokes, long pause, and repeated, means that fire is near alarm
box 7-3, East End Shed 5.
3. Those at scene of fire will fight it with the fire fighting appliances readily at
4. One checker will remain at each berth as long as his life is not endangered.
5. Men at Piers, other than where fire is located, will report to the Foreman's
Office in that respective Pier and await instructions.
6. Location of hose reels:
On waterfront side near toilet, Shed 5 and inside Shed 6 Annex.


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