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CS 44 general operating instructions Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1981

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  f'tff..
Form CS 44
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THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS INCLUDED HEREIN ARE FOR THE GUIDANCE OF EMPLOYEES CONCERNED
AND SUCH EMPLOYEES MUST HAVE A
COPY ACCESSIBLE WHEN ON DUTY.
THEY SUPERSEDE PREVIOUS INSTRUCTIONS ISSUED IN THIS FORM.
Vice-President
Operation & Maintenance
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Effective May I, 1981  CONTENTS
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SECTION 1
Page
Visual Acuity, Colour Perception
and Hearing        1
Detention to trains and cars          2
SECTION 2
Special Instructions Relating to the
Uniform Code of Operating Rules   ....       1
Time Service Regulations
Rules 1, 2 and 3  1
Instructions For Changing Railway
Time  7
Rule 14   Whistle Signals   ...... 9
Rule 16   Communicating Signals   ... 9
Ditch Lights  10
Rules 40 to 46 inclusive and Timetable
Special Instruction 'M' and 'Y' . . . 10
Signalled Sidings and Signalled
Yard Tracks  11
Rule 90A Exchange of Signals   ..... 12
Rule 98    Interlockings   .......... 13
Rule 99   Within ABS Territory
(including CTC)  13
Rule 103 Public Crossings at Grade . 14
Rule 103 and Rule 93 Switches and
Yard Limit Signs  14
Rule 111 Train Inspection   ........ 15
Caboose Inspection Lights     16
Rule 211 clearances must be Ok'd . . . 17
Rules 263 to 273 Centralized
Traffic Control     17
Signal Systems   ................ 17
Power Operated Switches  17
Operation of Freight Trains with
reduced crew   . ,-. 19
1 SECTION 3 Page
Railway Radio Communication Systems 1
Locomotive Radios     4
Portable Radios  5
Transmitting Technique   ......... 6
Calling Procedures  10
Emergency Calls    13
Radio Used in Lieu of Hand Signals   . 15
SECTION 4
Switching and Marshalling Freight Trains        1
Piggyback Cars  2
Long Cars  .  3
Cabooses and Service Equipment   .... 3
Multi-Level Cars   .  5
CN. Double Deck Transporter Cars  . . 7
Transformers and Circuit Breakers ... 8
Movement and Marshalling of
Scale Test Cars  .... 8
Handling of Continuous
Welded Rail Trains   ...... 8
SECTION 5
Passenger and Mixed Trains   ........ 1
Vestibule Doors, Platforms,
Curtains, etc.   ........ ..'..."       2
SECTION 6
Connivance in Illegal Transportation
by Employees        1
Section 359 of the Criminal Code   ....       1
SECTION 7
Instruction in the Event of Death
on Board Trains or Injuries and Death as
the Result of Accidents Involving
Trains  . ? . .... . .       1
2
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SECTION 8 Pa§e
Instructions For Handling Explosives and
other Dangerous Commodities     1
Pick Up of Cars     1
Inspection of Cars  1
Documentation     2
Emergency Information and Procedures 8
Placarding  10
Unloading of Cars   .      16
Switching Operations     17
Train Marshalling  21
Explosives     25
Radioactive Material     26
Precautions for Loading and Unloading
Tank Cars  27
Placard Chart with Group Numbers   . 29
Train Marshalling Chart     30
SECTION 9
Instructions Pertaining to Diesel Units,
RDC Cars     1
Maximum number of Diesels in one
consist     4
Restrictions in Back-up
and Pushing Movements     7
Movement of Disabled
or Dead Units     8
SECTION 10
Duties of Enginemen  1
Taking Charge of Locomotives  1
Leaving Locomotives going off duty   . . 3
Rail Diesel Cars     4
y  SECTION 1
GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS
1.0 Visual Acuity, Colour Perception
and Hearing
1.1 An employee who requires glasses to bring
distant vision up to standard specified shall
wear them while on duty, and shall carry an
extra pair, which will bring his vision up to
standard specified, and shall be examined
with each pair.
1.2 All employees who are required to wear
glasses for distant vision shall, while on duty,
use the rimmed spectacle. Contact lenses are
not permitted except that employees in clerical positions may wear contact lenses provided their work is strictly in an office environment.
1.3 The use by employees in road and yard
service of coloured glasses, goggles or other
devices which injuriously affect either acute-
ness of vision or colour perception is prohibited.
SEC1 2.0 Detention to Trains and Cars
2.1 Attention is directed to the importance of
prompt wired submission of Form 1124,
REPORTING OF DETENTION TO
TRAINS AND DISABLED CARS SET
OUT.
2.2 Reporting of slides and washouts should I
include:
a) Dimension of slide or washout.
b) Where first sighted and if emergency application of brake made.
c) How far up bank material commenced to
move.
d) General description of slide material.
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SEC. 1 SECTION 2
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SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS
RELATING TO THE UNIFORM CODE
OF OPERATING RULES
1.0 Time Service Regulations - Rules 1,2 and 3.
1.1 To provide uniform time, a National Research Council Standard Time Signal is
transmitted daily by a network of Canadian
Broadcasting Corporation Stations.
1.2 Voice announcements and "beeps" begin at
approximately fifteen (15) seconds after
1259 Eastern Standard Time, cease and start
at thirty (30) seconds through to fifty (50)
seconds, followed by a silent period to the
beginning of a final long dash that indicates
1300 Eastern Standard Time.
NOTE:
WHEN DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME IN
EFFECT TIME WILL BE GIVEN AS
EASTERN DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME.
1.3 At stations equipped with broadcast radio
receivers, the National Research Council
Official Time Signal only must be used as a
time standard.
1.4 If it is necessary to set a standard clock the
following procedure should be followed:
a) Stop the clock just prior to the start of the
time signal and when the second hand
reaches 60.
b) Check to ensure the minute hand points
to the correct minute.
c) At the beginning of the long dash, indicating 1300 Eastern Standard (or Eastern
Daylight) time, gently start the clock.
1 SEC 2 Personnel Requiring A Railway
Grade Watch
1.5 The aim and purpose of using approved
watches is to ensure efficiency and safety.
Correct time is of the utmost importance
where the movement of trains is involved.
The closest co-operation of all concerned is
therefore important.
1.6 A reliable railway grade watch that has been
approved for service by the proper authority
and for which a card has been issued must be
carried and used by:
Superintendents
Deputy Superintendents
Assistant Superintendents
Trainmasters
Division Master Mechanics
Division Engineers
Assistant Division Engineers
Road Foremen
Locomotive Foremen
Assistant Locomotive Foremen
Supervisor Operations, Mechanical
Outside Hostlers
General Roadmasters
Roadmasters
Assistant Road Masters
Track Maintenance Foremen
Extra Gang Foremen
Snow Plow Foremen
B&B Masters
Assistant B&B Masters
B&B Foremen
Signal Supervisors
Assistant Signal Supervisors
Signal Maintainers
Signal Foremen
SEC 2 2 o
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Conductors
Trainmen
Train Baggagemen
Enginemen
Firemen (Helpers)
General Yardmasters
Deputy General Yardmasters
Assistant General Yardmasters
Area Supervisors
Stationmasters
Rail Terminal Supervisors
Yardmasters
Yard Foremen
Yardmen and Switch Tenders
And such other employees as the
Company may direct
Railway Grade Watches
1.7 Watch movements and cases used in service
must be of the approved standard in effect at
date of entry. All watches entering service
must be of the antimagnetic type, fitted with
24 hour dial, waterproof, shockproof with
stainless steel screw-back case and equipped
with tension ring crystal. Cases with gold
plating on stainless steel and stainless steel
with gold top are permissible.
Employees operating in two time zones must
have their railway grade watch equipped
with double hour hands, one red and one
black to reflect both time zones.
WRIST WATCHES (Automatic)
Cyma R.R.2872A
SEC 2 1.8
WRIST WATCHES MECHANICAL
SPRING POWERED (MANUAL)
Cyma R.R.2852M
Girard Perregaux C.P.307H.F.
Longines     R.R.280
SEMI-MECHANICAL BATTERY
POWERED
Rodania    ..Calendar  ..   R.R.2780
SEMI-MECHANICAL, QUARTZ,
ANALOG BATTERY POWERED
Bulova
. . Calendar  .
.   R.R.9362Q
Cyma
. . Calendar  .
.   R.R.9361Q
Rodania
. . Calendar  .
.   R.R.9361Q
Rotary
. . Calendar  .
.   R.R.9361Q
Wittnauer
. Calendar  .
.   R.R.2Q115C
Wyler   . .
. Calendar  .
.   R.R.9361Q
Other makes and models presently in service
which were of the approved standard in
effect at date of entry may remain in service.
A railway grade watch that was approved for
entry into service under previous regulations
will be acceptable for re-entry into service
provided it meets current specifications as
outlined in the first paragraph of item 1.7.
Such watch must be cleaned, oiled and, if
battery operated, have a new battery installed and must be certified by a designated
watch inspector as being mechanically reliable for service.
Payroll Deductions
When railway grade watches are purchased
from designated watch inspectors, any balance of the purchase price may be paid by
payroll deductions.
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SEC. 2 (
Watch Inspectors
1.9 Names and locations of watch inspectors
may be obtained from division officers and
those desiring watch information should be
directed to the local watch inspector.
1.10 Employees will report to the watch inspector
shown on their watch card and must not
change watch inspectors, except as follows,
when Form TS 21 must be issued:
a) When transferred from one division to
another.
b) When it is not possible to report to their
own watch inspector.
c) By permission of their division officer
when the employee's watch card will be
examined by the officer concerned.
Watch Inspection
1.11 Employees required to use railway grade
watches must submit them to a designated
watch inspector for comparison and record
at intervals not exceeding 180 days, or more
often when there is evidence that attention is
required, to ensure reliability.
This requirement does not apply to:
Track Maintenance Foremen
Extra Gang Foremen
B&B Foremen
Signal Maintainers
Signal Foremen
1.12 Watch cards and corresponding watches are
subject to inspection by Company officers
on request.
SEC 2 Cleaning and Repairing
1.13 Watches must be cleaned within twenty-four
months of purchase or from the last cleaning
date and regularly thereafter within twenty-
four months.
1.14 Battery operated watches need only be
cleaned as required.
1.15 When a railway grade watch is left with a
watch inspector, a loan watch will be provided free of charge. If the loaned watch is held
by the employee for a period in excess of
fifteen days without permission of the watch
inspector, a rental charge may be made.
1.16 A description of a loan watch will be recorded on the back of the employee's watch card.
1.17 If no loan watch is available, the inspector
will provide the employee with authority to
use his own watch until a loan watch is
available, recording this on the back of the
employee's watch card.
Examination Certificates
1.18 When a railway grade watch is serviced by or
purchased from other than a Company
watch inspector, the employee must obtain a
dated receipt on billhead or other stationery
showing the name and address of the company or watch maker, on which will be shown
the make and serial number of the watch
purchased or serviced with date on which the
watch was cleaned or new. This receipt or
copy and the corresponding watch must be
submitted to the employee's watch inspector
for approval before the watch is used in
service.
SEC 2 6
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Magnetized Watches
1.19 Certain watches may become magnetized
when close to rotating electric motors, generators, dynamos, heavy electric cable, also if
close to steel plates and rails which may have
been loaded by magnet. When necessary for
an employee carrying a railway grade watch
to closely approach such equipment or material, precaution should be taken to avoid
the watch becoming magnetized.
Batteries
1.20 Watches operated by battery must have a
fresh battery installed in them at intervals
not exceeding 12 months except that Quartz
Analog watches must have a fresh battery
installed at intervals not exceeding 24
months. The date battery is changed must be
recorded on watch inspection card by the
designated watch inspector.
2.0 Instructions for Changing Railway Time
2.1 Whenever reference is made to Standard
Time in the Uniform Code of Operating
Rules, Special Instructions and Form CS44,
it also applies to Daylight Saving Time wherever and whenever it is in effect.
In order that action will be uniform in making the change in time, watches and clocks
must be changed as follows:
2.2 To Change from Standard to Daylight Saving Time.
At 0200 Standard Time, on the date time
changes, watches and clocks must be ADVANCED one hour to indicate 0300, Daylight Saving Time.
7 SEC 2 2.3 To Change from Daylight Saving to Standard Time.
At 0200 Daylight Saving Time, on the date
time changes, watches and clocks must be
TURNED BACK one hour to indicate 0100
Standard Time.
2.4 Open Train Order Offices and Open Desig- I
nated Standard Clock Locations.
After standard clocks have been set for new
time, time must be compared with the train
dispatcher before resuming normal duties.
2.5 Closed Train Order Offices and Closed Designated Standard Clock Locations.
Standard clocks must be set for new time
immediately the office is opened. After
clocks have been set for new time, time must
be compared with the train dispatcher before resuming normal duties.
2.6 Employees on Duty and Coming on Duty.
All employees required to carry a railway
grade watch and all other employees concerned in train movements on duty at 0200
on the date time changes, or as they come on
duty after that hour, must change their
watch to conform with the new time.
Conductors: Must compare watch immediately with rear trainmen on freight trains, all
trainmen and baggagemen on passsenger
trains and with the engineman at the first
opportunity.
Enginemen: Must compare watch immediately with all members of the crew on the
engine and with their conductors at the first
opportunity.
Yard Crews: Must compare watches immediately with all members of the crew.
SEC 2 8
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Others: Must compare time:
(a) With designated standard clock or
(b)With the train dispatcher or
(c) With an employee who has complied with
(a) or (b) above.
3.0 Rule 14(1) - Whistle Signals
3.1 Enginemen should exercise care and judgment in giving public road crossing warnings
as prescribed by Rule 14 (1). Under normal
conditions, when the signal is given clearly
and of sufficient duration, it gives effective
warning. There are situations however,
which, in addition to strict compliance with
the rule, require that enginemen use discretion as to giving additional warnings, such as
on slowly moving trains, during adverse
weather and where it is probable that trains
in opposite directions will pass one another
at or near the crossing.
3.2 Back-up air hose or a permanently installed
back-up air valve, equipped with air whistle
may be used only when making back-up
movements and whistle sounded as prescribed in Rules 14 (1) or 14 (p) and is not
intended to supersede the use of conductor's
emergency valve by train crew members nor
the sounding of appropriate engine whistle
signals by locomotive engineman.
4.0 Rule 16 — Communicating Signals
Canadian Transport Commission General Order 1979-7
RAIL amended Section 16 part III of the Regulations No.
0-8 Uniform Code of Operating Rules to allow the use of
radio communication in lieu of communicating signals on
passenger trains when locomotives are not equipped with
communicating signal appliances.
4.1 Each car of a passenger train must be connected with the engine by a communicating
9 SEC 2 o
signal appliance or by a voice communication system. When the communicating signal appliance or the voice communication
system fails, the conductor will arrange for
hand signals to be given engineman approaching all stations and the train will
proceed to the first point where repairs can
be made.
The first paragraph of Rule 16 is amended
accordingly.
5.0 Ditch Lights
5.1 On engines so equipped, ditch lights must be
extinguished when the headlight is required
to be dimmed or extinguished in the application of Rules 17 and 17A. Ditch lights must
not be used in lieu of the headlight except as
provided for in Rule 17C.
5.2 The illumination of ditch lights on engines so
equipped is mandatory by day and by night.
Ditch lights should be extinguished, when
necessary, where a railway is adjacent to a
highway, to avoid temporarily interfering
with the vision of the drivers of oncoming
vehicles on the highway except that ditch
lights MUST BE ILLUMINATED approaching all public crossings at grade and
until such crossings are occupied regardless
of their location.
6.0 Rules 40 to 46 Inclusive and Timetable
Special Instructions "M" and "Y".
6.1 When providing protection under Rules 40,
41, 42 and Timetable Special Instructions
"M" and "Y", the following will apply -
a) Maintenance of Way Employees must
not permit a train to proceed over the
defective point or through the working
SEC. 2 10 o
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area until it is known that the track is
passable and all machines are clear, except that -
b) If the main track is clear up to a specified
point, the train may be permitted to proceed to that point where it must stop and
wait further instructions.
c) Speed restrictions and any instructions
given a train under (b), must be authorized by the Foreman in charge, must be in
writing, and not delivered until the train
has been brought to a stop.
The requirements of (c) do not apply
when protection is provided under example 2, 3 or 4 of Form Y train order and
radios are functioning.
6.2 Canadian Transport Commission General Order 1979-6
RAIL amended Section 46 Part III of the Regulations
No. 0-8 Uniform Code of Operating Rules to permit the
use of reflectorized signals in lieu of light signals at night of
the colours prescribed by rules 41 to 44.
Rule 46 is amended to include the
following: —
The use of reflectorized lenses, targets or
discs of the colour prescribed by Rules 41 to
44 inclusive and Timetable Special Instruction "M" in lieu of lights, is permissable.
6.3 Flagging Instructions
for Protection of Signalled Sidings
and Signalled Yard Tracks
Before undertaking any work which may
render a SIGNALLED SIDING OR SIGNALLED YARD TRACK unsafe for
movements at normal speed or if rendered
unsafe from any cause, trackmen, bridge-
men or other employees must provide protection in accordance with Rules 40 to 45
11 SEC. 2 inclusive, Timetable Special Instruction
"M" or the Regulations for the Protection of
Track Units and Maintenance Work. Signalled sidings and signalled yard tracks must
be protected in the same manner as main
tracks.
7.0 Rule 90A- Exchange of Signals
7.1 When practicable, crews equipped with radio at the front and rear of trains will communicate with each other at the following
times and places:
a) Before passing station mile board, stating
the name of the station in the communication.
b) Between one and three miles from:
- yard limits and station limits on trains
affected by Rules 93 and 93A.
- points where protection of impassable
or slow track has been provided by
train order.
- points at which the train is required to
wait, meet, pass another train, clear a
superior train, move through a siding
or when required to stop clear of or
move through a crossover.
c) At points where the following train inspections are made:
- running inspections at usual inspection locations.
- passing inspections by crew members
of other trains.
- passing inspections by employees in
the vicinity of the train.
-pull-by or standing inspections by
members of the crew and/or mechanical employees.
SEC. 2 12
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The communication between front and rear
of trains must include information as to
whether one or both sides of the train was
inspected and results of inspection of track
to the rear for evidence of dragging
equipment.
Following proper radio identification procedures, such communication must be clear
and concise: -'Train inspection report mileage 62 north side (south side or both sides)
and track to rear inspected — All OK (or
Highball)."
8.0 Rule 98 — Railway Crossings at Grade,
Drawbridges and Interlockings
8.1 Engines, cars, or other equipment must not
be left standing within interlocking limits of
a railway crossing at grade, nor on the moveable portion of a drawbridge, unless a part of
such equipment extends beyond the interlocking limits.
9.0 RULE 99 - Within ABS Territory (Including CTC).
Canadian Transport Commission General Order 1979-6
RAIL amended Section 99 part III of the Regulations No.
0-8 Uniform Code of Operating Rules to define the duties
of a rear end flagman in ABS territory on a train that
stops under circumstances where it may be overtaken by a
following train.
9.1 Rule 99, WITHIN ABS TERRITORY,
paragraphs 1 and 2 on page 49 of UCOR has
been amended to read: —
When a train stops under circumstances in
which it may be overtaken by another train,
with the protection of at least two block
signals to the rear, protection against following trains is not required.
13 SEC. 2 When necessary to protect against trains
moving in the opposite direction, flag protection prescribed for OUTSIDE ABS
TERRITORY must be provided except that
on single track where there are at least two
block signals to the front governing opposing trains, protection for a standing train is
not required.
10.0 Rule 103 - Public Crossings at Grade
10.1 In all instances where automatic highway
crossing warning devices operate improperly, or fail to operate, a flagman must be
placed at such crossing as quickly as possible, in order that users of it may be adequately protected until repairs are effective. If this
protection covers more than four tracks, two
flagmen must be used, one on each side of
the tracks. Employees observing the improper operation of any such device shall notify
the train dispatcher as soon as possible who
in turn will immediately notify the signal
maintainer.
11.0 Rule 103 and Rule 93-
Switches and Yard Limit Signs
11.1 Main track switches may be equipped with
reflectorized lenses or targets of the prescribed colours in lieu of lights and Yard
Limit signs may be reflectorized in lieu of
lights.
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SEC. 2 14 o
12.0 Rule 111 — Train Inspection
12.1 In addition to the strict compliance with
Rules 90A and 111, a member of the crew
must inspect their train when in motion from
both sides of the diesel unit and at the rear of
the train from both sides of the caboose, for
any evidence of a hot box or defective equipment or shifted load.
12.2 An emergency situation exists immediately
evidence of an overheated journal or defective condition is suspected. Train must be
stopped immediately upon first indication of
hot box or other defect and close inspection
made. When packing or proper repairs cannot be made, car or diesel unit may be
moved, if conditions permit, but only with
extreme caution to the first point where
set-off can be made.
12.3 OVERHEATED ROLLER BEARING -
In the event of a roller bearing box overheating between terminals, as indicated by the
release of the gas from the stench bomb,
melted or discoloured heat indicating cap
screws or by excessive heat of the journal
box, the car or diesel unit may be moved
slowly under close observation to the next
terminal and there set out. In the event the
condition of the bearing would make this
movement unsafe, the car or diesel unit
should not be moved further. The Chief
Train Dispatcher or the Superintendent
shall be notified immediately. If the car or
diesel unit is set out in freezing weather, the
water systems must be drained, unless instructions to the contrary are received from
an officer of the Mechanical Department or
15 SEC. 2 o
the Division Superintendent. When the
odour of stench bomb is detected, the train
must be stopped at once and inspected prior
to further action being taken.
12.4 STANDING TRAIN INSPECTION -
When standing train inspection is required it
may be performed as follows:
Head-end Trainman will detrain from engine at a point half the train's length from the
anticipated stopping point of caboose. He
will then give one side of the train a pull by
inspection until it stops when he will cross
over and walk up the other side of the train to
his engine, performing standing inspection.
As soon as the train stops a rear-end employee will walk up one side of the train
performing standing inspection to the point
where the Head-end Trainman crossed over.
He will then cross over to the other side and
give a pull by inspection to the rear portion
of the train as it pulls by slowly.
12.5 When portable radios are available they are
to be carried by the train crew when making
train inspections except that should the engine not be equipped with the large mobile
radio, the head-end portable radio will be
left on the engine for the engineman's use.
13.0 Caboose Inspection Lights
13.1 On cabooses so equipped, inspection lights
must be extinguished, except when being
used for track inspection, back-up movements or to observe the condition of equipment on adjacent tracks.
SEC 2 16 o
14.0 Rule 211 - Clearances Must Be OK'd
14.1 In the application of rule 211, all clearances
must be OK'd by the train dispatcher. Paragraphs 2 and 3 are restricted accordingly.
This special instruction does not modify the
requirements of Rule 213.
15.0 Rules 263 to 273 - Centralized Traffic
Control
15.1 In CTC territory, when the "EMPLOYEE
CALL" located on most signal bungalows is
operating, either by a steady or flashing light
or sounding horn, or both, it is an indication
for any employee in the vicinity, except
crews on moving trains, to answer the Dispatcher's phone at that location.
16.0 Signal Systems.
16.1 Trains and engines must approach the first
signal to all signal systems prepared to stop,
unless such signal is seen to display a less
restrictive indication than STOP or STOP,
THEN PROCEED AT RESTRICTED
SPEED.
17.0 Power Operated Switches
17.1 Before authorizing a train or engine to pass
Stop signal governing movement over a
power operated switch and when the train
dispatcher's panel indicates such switch has
failed to lock in the desired position, the
train dispatcher must instruct crew to thoroughly clean switch points. After the switch
has been cleaned and the train dispatcher
advised, the train dispatcher will attempt to
power operate the switch and clear the sig-
17 SEC. 2 nal. Should his panel continue to indicate
switch has failed to lock in the desired position, train dispatcher should leave panel
controls calling for the desired route while
switch is manually operated.
17.2 When it is necessary to manually operate a
dual control switch, crews must not use
excessive force on the hand throw lever.
Should unusual force be required the switch
must, instead, be securely spiked and movement made over the switch with extreme
caution, not exceeding 4 m.p.h., and under
these circumstances the entire movement
must move clear of the switch before spikes
are removed and before the selector lever is
restored to the "power" position and locked.
All such incidents must be reported to the
Train Dispatcher.
17.3 In the application of Rule 104B, paragraph
2, when Rail Diesel Cars (RDC), Double-
Decker 900 series Passenger Cars, and other
short or light equipment have been authorized to pass Stop Signal governing movement over a dual control switch and after the
switch has been manually lined for the route
to be used, the selector lever must not be
restored to "power" position and locked
until the entire movement has moved clear of
the switch.
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SEC. 2 18 o
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18.0 The following instructions apply to freight
trains that are operated with a train crew
consisting of one conductor and one
trainman.
18.1 General
a) In territory where trains are operated
under Timetable and Train Order authority, relief of rear flagman protection on
the same track, as required by Rule 99,
must be provided by Train Order and
must not lapse on any portion of the Tour
of Duty, except in the event of an emergency affecting the movement of the
train.
b) A train must not be put in motion at any
time except on receipt by the Engineman
of a clear direction to do so from the
Conductor.
c) If the rear train crew member finds it
necessary to vacate the caboose cupola
for short periods of time, for essential
reasons, while the train is in motion, he
must continue to watch for signals from
employees along the track, when practicable, and must make running inspections of the train and of the track to the
rear at every reasonable opportunity.
d) In situations where Rule 102 is applied
the Engineman will contact the Train
Dispatcher for assistance and request relief of flagman protection on tracks affected thus allowing the relieved flagman
to investigate the reason for the emergency application of train brakes. If relief of
flagman protection is not possible, the
Train Dispatcher will arrange to provide
19 SEC 2 prompt assistance to allow inspection of
the train,
e) Approaching every siding the Engineman
is responsible to ensure that the radio
communication is established with the
rear crew member and an acknowledgement obtained. Should there be a failure
to secure an acknowledgement, the train
must be stopped by the Engineman before passing the second consecutive siding and communication by radio, personal contact or hand signal established before proceeding.
18.2 Air brake testing and train inspections (when
performed by train crews)
When necessary as prescribed by Form 582:
No. 1 Test (Initial Terminal)
a) After coupling locomotive to train, the air
system is to be charged as specified in
Rule 23(a) and leakage test or other authorized procedure fulfilled.
b) For train brake application portion of
Rule 23(b), the head end crew member
will walk front to rear and the rear end
crew member walk forward inspecting the
train until they meet at which time they
will cross over, call for a brake release and
return to their original positions, inspecting the brake system to ensure brakes
have released on each car.
No. 2 Test (Intermediate Terminal)
a) Unless otherwise directed on run-through
trains, incoming rear train crew members
will ensure brakes on the rear car of the
train apply and release.
b) Unless otherwise directed on trains that
do not run through intermediate termi-
SEC 2 20
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o nals and for which a No. 2 Test is necessary, the rear train crew member will see
that the requirements of the test are fulfilled when cars are added or removed in
the rear half of the train and the head-end
crew member will see that the requirements of the test are fulfilled when cars
are added or removed in the front half of
the train.
Road Test
The rear train crew member will see that
the requirements of Rule 29(a) insofar as
the brakes on the rear of the train are
concerned are fulfilled.
18.3 Pull-by inspections at run-through points
a) Unless otherwise directed, outgoing rear
train crew member will make pull-by
inspection.
b) Unless otherwise directed, incoming
head-end crew member will assist outgoing rear train crew member to make pull-
by inspection.
18.4 Railway Radio
a) Trains will not leave a crew's home terminal with a reduced train crew with less
than four operating radios.
b) Trains will not leave a crew's away-from-
home terminal with a reduced train crew
with less than three operating radios.
c) Should a radio fail en route, radios will be
relocated to provide end-to-end communication. A reasonable effort should
be made to supply a replacement at the
away-f rom-home terminal.
d) Should a complete failure of the end-to-
end radio system occur en route, the train
21 SEC 2
o may proceed, governed by the following:
(i) Must not exceed Medium Speed (30
MPH).
(ii) Must exchange hand signals between
front and rear of train at least once
every 30 miles or prior to passing two
consecutive sidings, whichever occurs |
first. This may require stopping the
train to exchange proceed hand
signals.
e) Failure of radio communication must be
reported to the Train Dispatcher at the
first opportunity.
f) Testing of radios must be done according
to Section 3, Item 1.16 of Form CS 44.
o
SEC. 2 22 SECTION 3
INSTRUCTIONS IN THE
USE OF RAILWAY RADIO
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS
f 1.0  General
1.1 A railway radio communication system is
one employing radio for the transmission of
information between moving equipment,
between moving equipment and a fixed
point, between fixed points, and/or between
employees provided with portable radios.
1.2 These instructions do not modify or supersede any rule in the Uniform Code of Operating Rules, Timetable Special Instructions
or in General Operating Instructions Form
CS44.
1.3 Only authorized radio equipment will be
used. Citizen band radios must not be used
to direct train or engine movements.
1.4 Only authorized technicians are permitted
to make technical adjustments to radio
equipment.
1.5 Unless otherwise directed failures of radio
equipment must be reported to the Superintendent as soon as practicable. Railway operations must not be delayed as a result of
radio equipment not being available or becoming inoperative, unless otherwise
directed.
Radios must not be transferred off their
assigned territory except as authorized by
the Superintendent.
SEC. 3 1.6 Unnecessary transmissions of any kind are
not permitted. Communications must be
restricted to those necessary for the transmission of authorized directions or
instructions.
1.7 No employee shall transmit any unnecessary, irrelevant or unidentified communication, nor utter any obscene, indecent or
profane language via radio.
1.8 Employees must not transmit or cause to be
transmitted any false or fradulent distress
signal, call or message or knowingly interfere
or obstruct any radio communication.
1.9 Unless otherwise provided, the twenty four
hour system shall be used when expressing
time. It must be expressed and transmitted
by means of four digits, the first two denoting the hour past midnight and the last two
the minutes past the hour.
For example:
0045 - nought nought forty-five
2345 - twenty-three forty-five
1.10 When there is any possibility of misunderstanding in areas of different time zones,
then the time zone initials must be given
after the time. For example: 0045 EST —
nought nought forty-five EST.
1.11 Radio may be used by Train Dispatchers for
the transmission of Train orders when authorized by the Superintendent or when
authorized by Special Instructions or bulletin. When so authorized, rules governing
the transmission of Train orders by telephone may apply; and in addition:
a) Before a train order or message is trans-
SEC 3 2
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mitted the train dispatcher shall call the
train stating his intent.
b) Upon receiving the initial communication by radio, the employee will give his
OCCUPATION, NAME, TRAIN or
ENGINE IDENTIFICATION and LOCATION and state that he understands a
train order or message is to be transmitted.
c) If the train dispatcher has not required
the train to stop, train orders and messages may be transmitted to a moving
train, providing the employee copying
same can do so without interfering with
the performance of other duties.
1.12 When authorized by Timetable Special Instructions or by bulletin, radio teleprinters
may be used for the transmission of train
orders and other messages. Special Instructions as may be necessary to govern this
method of operation will be issued.
1.13 Radio must not be used to:
— inform a train or engine crew of the contents of a train order not yet delivered.
— give advance information as to the indication of fixed signals.
— give advance information that Siding is
clear or that main track is clear within
Yard Limits or Station Limits.
1.14 All cabooses and engines in road service that
are fitted to accept radio equipment have
shock resistant mounting racks for the portable radio units. Some cabooses may have in
addition, auxiliary battery packs and an
external antenna and the portable units must
be connected thereto when used inside the
caboose.
3 SEC 3 1.15 Any duly authorized officer of the Department of Communications may, from time to
time, and at all reasonable times, inspect any
radio station within Canada, any apparatus
in use in such station, for the purpose of
sending or receiving by radio.
1.16 Before a train or engine leaves a starting
point, a voice test of radios shall be made to
determine that they are functioning properly
(Refer to calling procedures).
1.17 Train radios must be used in such a way as
not to disturb passengers.
2.0 Operation of Locomotive Radio Units
2.1 Each engine equipped for radio communication will have an ON-OFF switch for the
mobile radio unit.
NOTE:
When starting diesel unit, radio ON-OFF
switch must be in the OFF position.
2.2 The radio must be turned on with the volume
adjusted so calls may be received and left
turned on until the trip is completed, unless
the equipment becomes inoperative.
2.3 On engines so equipped the power indicator
lamp will show the power is ON.
2.4 To transmit, the "push-to-talk" button on
the handset or microphone must be depressed while speaking.
2.5 To receive, the "push-to-talk" button must
be released.
NOTE:
Wayside base station radio units are not
generally equipped with indicator lights. All
SEC. 3 4
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other operation instructions apply at these
locations.
3.0 Operation of Portable Radio Units
3.1 Each portable unit has a battery container
which snaps onto its base and a whip-type or
screw-on Heliflex type antenna. When such
a unit is to be operated inside a caboose
equipped with an external antenna, remove
the whip antenna, place it in the holder
provided on the caboose and then connect
the external antenna to the radio.
3.2 Unless directed otherwise by special instructions or by bulletin, radio equipment should
be left turned on with volume adjusted so
calls may be received. When employees are
not in position to receive radio calls, radios
will be turned off to save battery power.
3.3 When a rechargeable type battery is used,
every effort should be made to begin each
eight hour tour of duty with a fully charged
battery. Employees must not tamper with,
add to or use unauthorized batteries in
radios.
3.4 Radios must not be operated when no antenna connected as damage to the radio will
result.
3.5 The radio is turned ON by operating the
ON-OFF switch to the ON position.
3.6 Rotate the volume control to a point halfway
between low and high volume setting then
rotate the squelch control until a rushing
noise is heard, then back off this control until
the noise just ceases.
SEC. 3 3.7 To transmit, the "push-to-talk" button located on the handset or microphone must be
depressed while speaking.
3.8 To receive, the "push-to-talk" button must
be released.
3.9 When transmission and reception have been
completed, replace the microphone firmly in
its holder. Ensure the ON-OFF switch is
returned to the OFF position except when
the radio is kept ON for monitoring
purposes.
NOTE:
Adjusting the volume and squelch controls
on radio unit will enable the operator to
receive a clearer and stronger voice signal,
but these controls do not in any way affect
transmitting or sending power. Once a radio
conversation begins, further adjustment to
the volume and squelch controls will only
enable the operator to adjust the incoming
volume to the desired audio level.
4.0 Transmitting Technique
4.1 The efficient use of radio depends on the
speech and articulation of the operator. As
the distinctive sounds of consonants become
blurred in the transmission of speech and, as
words of similar length containing the same
vowel sounds are apt to sound alike, special
care is necessary in their pronunciation.
Speak all words plainly in a clear, distinct
tone to prevent the running together of consecutive words. DO NOT SHOUT. Avoid
any tendency to accent syllables artificially,
or talk too rapidly. Speak slowly and clearly.
SEC 3 fs
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4.2 The following points should be kept in mind
when using radio:
SPEED — Keep the rate constant, neither too fast nor too slow.
Remember in many cases the
person receiving your message has to write it down.
PITCH - Remember that high pitched
voices transmit better than
low pitched ones.
RHYTHM — Preserve the rhythm of ordinary conversation. In separating words so that they are
not run together, avoid the
introduction of sound that
does not belong such as "er"
and "um". Attempt to maintain the pitch and rhythm of
your voice to the end of each
sentence.
4.3 Maintain at all times the correct position
between mouth and microphone. Usually
the mouth of the operator should not be
more than 2 to 3 inches from the microphone
angled at approximately 45 degrees.
4.4 WORDS AND PHRASES: The following
words and phrases should be used where
applicable. Slang expressions must not be
used.
ACKNOWLEDGE
AFFIRMATIVE
Let me know that
you have received
and understood
this message.
Yes or permission
granted.
SEC. 3 CONFIRM
CORRECTION
I SAY AGAIN
NEGATIVE
- My version is . . .
is that correct?
- An error has been
made in this transmission. The correct version is...
HOW DO YOU READ-Do you understand? Do you
hear?
- I repeat.
- No or permission
not granted or
that is not correct, or I do not
agree.
- My transmission
is ended and I expect a response
from you.
- This transmission
is ended and no
response is
expected.
- Repeat all this
message.
- I have received all
your last transmission.
- Repeat.
- (Self-explanatory)
- Your instruction
received, understood and will be
complied with.
OVER
OUT
READBACK
ROGER
SAY AGAIN
THIS IS CORRECT
WILCO
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o
SEC. 3
8 WORDS TWICE        - As a request . . .
please send words
twice. As information ... I will
send words twice.
CONTINUE - Proceed    with
your message.
NOTE:
Do not make the common error of saying
"OVER" and "OUT" as the terms contradict each other.
4.5   Ph
onetic Alphabet
A
ALFA
N
NOVEMBER
B
BRAVO
O
OSCAR
C
CHARLIE
P
PAPA
D
DELTA
Q
QUEBEC
E
ECHO
R
ROMEO
F
FOXTROT
S
SIERRA
G
GOLF
T
TANGO
H
HOTEL
U
UNIFORM
I
INDIA
V
VICTOR
J
JULIET
w
WHISKEY
K
KILO
X
XRAY
L
LIMA
Y
YANKEE
M
MIKE
Z
ZULU
The letter "ZULU" should be written as'
to distinguish it from the numeral "2".
Z"
SEC. 3 Pronunciation of Numerals
To distinguish numbers from similar sounding words, the word "figures" should be used
preceding such numbers. Numbers should
be pronounced as follows:
Number Spoken (     )
0 NOT
1 WUN
2 TOO
3 THUH-REE
4 FO-WER
5 FI-YIV
6 : SIX
7 SEVEN
8 ATE
9 NINER
The following examples illustrate the recommended pronunciations of numerals:
Number Spoken
44 FO-WER FO-WER
500 FI-YIV HUNDRED
1000 WUN THOUSAND
16000 WUN SIX THOUSAND
14899 WUN FO-WER ATE
NINER NINER
20.3 TOO NOT DECIMAL
THUR-REE
5.0 Calling Procedures
5.1 When a message or instruction is to be transmitted by radio, the employee operating the
radio must listen a sufficient interval to be
sure the channel is not already in use. If an
emergency arises interruption is permitted
SEC. 3 10
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by using the word "emergency" three times.
Other employees using the channel must,
unless they are also dealing with an emergency, cease transmission immediately. (See
Emergency Calls, Subsection 6.0).
5.2 Employee at the beginning of each transmission must properly identify himself and the
person or station which he is calling, prefacing the identification with the initials of the
railway by which he is employed and must
satisfy himself that he is in communication
with the intended station or person.
5.3 Instructions and messages received by radio
must be acknowledged or repeated to the
sender by the person receiving them. An
acknowledgement or receipt must not be
given until the receiving person is certain
that the transmitted message or information
has been completely and correctly received
and understood.
5.4 Instructions and messages concerning the
movement of trains and engines must be
repeated.
5.5 Any instruction or message which is not
repeated or acknowledged as being fully
understood shall not be acted upon and shall
be treated as though not sent.
5.6 INITIATING A CALL:
When an employee wishes to establish com-
*y
11 SEC 3 munication with a specific station or person,
it shall be transmitted as follows:
CP DISPATCHER
MONTREAL
Person and
Station called.
THIS IS
The words
THIS IS
ENGINEMAN CP
EXTRA 5550 WEST
Positive
identification
of person and
station calling.
OVER
My transmission
is ended and I
expect a response
from you.	
5.7   REPLYING TO A CALL:
When a station is ready to receive the communication he should reply in the following
manner:
ENGINEMAN CP
EXTRA 5550 WEST - Name of station
called
THIS IS
The words
THIS IS
CP DISPATCHER
MONTREAL
Identification
of Station
and person.
OVER
My transmission
is ended and I
expect a response
from you.	
o
o
SEC. 3
12 o
EXAMPLES:
Call from Conductor to Engineman of same
train:
Conductor:      Engineman CP train 952
This is Conductor... over
Engineman:     Conductor CP train 952
This is Engineman... over
Call from Engineman to a Wayside Base
Station:
Engineman:     CP Yard Office Revelstoke
This is Engineman
CP Train 952.... over
Yard Office:     Engineman CP train 952
This is Yard Office
Revelstoke over
5.8 After communication has been established
and when no confusion is likely to arise, a
shortened form of procedure may be used by
omitting the words, such as "this is" etc.
Example:
ENGINEMAN:  Weleft Dorvalat0730
(nought seven-thirty)
DISPATCHER:   Roger Extra 5550 West.
5.9 A radio conversation should always be terminated by the receiving station transmitting its own name or identification, followed
by the word "OUT".
Example: CP DISPATCHER
MONTREAL.... OUT.
6.0  Emergency Calls
6.1 Reports of derailments, storms, washouts,
fire, obstructions on tracks, or other matters
which cause serious delay to traffic, damage
13 SEC 3 to property, injury to employees or to the
travelling public, shall be classed as an emergency and the following procedures apply:
6.2 The person initiating the call shall say the
word "EMERGENCY" three times. Employees using the channel will cease transmission immediately, unless they are also
dealing with an emergency.
6.3 An emergency call shall have absolute priority over all other transmissions. All stations which hear it shall immediately cease
any transmission which may interfere with it
and shall listen on the frequency used for the
emergency call.
6.4 The emergency call shall be followed as soon
as possible by the distress message which
shall give:
a) Identification of the sender (if a train or
engine the identification of the train and
engine number).
b) Accurate particulars of his (or the train or
engines) location.
c) Nature of distress.
d) Kind of assistance required.
6.5 An emergency shall be repeated at intervals
until an answer is received. The intervals
between repetitions of an emergency message shall be sufficiently long to allow time
for stations which have received the message
to reply. Should an emergency message not
be acknowledged by the dispatcher, it must
be relayed by any operator or other employee who does receive it.
SEC. 3 14
o
o 7.0 Radio Used in Lieu of Hand Signals
7.1 When more convenient to do so, radio may
be used in lieu of hand signals. During
switching operations, when radio is being
used, both the DIRECTION and DISTANCE of the movement must be given.
7.2 There must be a definite understanding with
all concerned that movements are to be
controlled by radio in lieu of hand signals or
when a change from radio to hand signals is
planned.
7.3 In the event of an interruption of communication or if no further communication
is received after the movement has moved
ONE-HALF the distance given in the last
instruction, the movement must be stopped
at once.
Example: (Following proper identication
procedure)
TRAINMAN    - CP Engine 5550
back up two
car lengths.
ENGINEMAN - CP Engine 5550
back up two
car lengths.
TRAINMAN    - CP Engine 5550
back up one
car length.
ENGINEMAN - CP Engine 5550
back up one
j car length.
TRAINMAN    - CP Engine 5550
back up one-half
car length.
15 SEC 3 ENGINEMAN - CP Engine 5550
back up one-half
car length.
TRAINMAN    - Stop CP Engine 5550.
ENGINEMAN - Stop CP Engine 5550.
7.4   In the event of failure of radio equipment, or i
communication is interrupted during
switching operations, the movement must be
stopped at once and no further movement
made, except as authorized by hand signals,
or until radio communication is restored.
o
SEC. 3 16 SECTION 4
SWITCHING AND MARSHALLING
FREIGHT TRAINS
1.0 General
1.1 When coupling cars together, speed of four
miles per hour at time of coupling must not
be exceeded to avoid damage to equipment
and lading. After coupling, it must be known
that locking blocks and pins of the coupler
have dropped into place. Slack must be
taken or seen to run out to ensure a proper
coupling has been made.
1.2 When switching shed, team or industrial
tracks, partly loaded or unloaded cars containing commodities subject to damage due
to load shifting, must be handled with extreme care to avoid damage.
1.3 When loads subject to damage from over-
speed impacts, are included in cuts of twenty
or more cars during flat switching operations, the cut must be stopped one car length
from the point of coupling to other cars,
before the coupling is made.
1.4 Shipments of bridge girders or similar type
lading loaded on three or more flat or gondola cars must not be moved over humps in
classification yards. When such shipments
are being loaded on car ferries or barges,
loading should be carried out at times when
aprons are as level as possible, and after
loading, blocking and tie down fastenings
must be carefully examined.
SEC. 4 o
1.5 Instructions for movement of freight cars
having a gross weight up to 263,000 pounds
are specified in Timetable footnotes and
Equipment Authorization Chart.
1.6 Authority for movement of freight cars having a gross weight in excess of 263,000
pounds must be secured from the
Superintendent.
1.7 Unless protected by end bulkheads extending to the top of ladings, open top cars or
open trailers moving in piggyback service
carrying pipe, lumber, poles, metal rods or
other lading which has a tendency to shift,
must not be handled in a train next to an
engine, caboose, occupied boarding car or
occupied passenger car and should not, if it
can be avoided, be marshalled next to any
tank car, multi-level or stock car.
1.8 Except where used as idlers, empty flat cars
41 feet or less in length over end sills must be
marshalled towards the rear of trains.
2.0 Handling Piggyback Cars
2.1 Loaded piggyback flat cars and loaded container flat cars should not be humped or cut
off in motion, nor should other cars be cut
off in motion toward them, when a practical
alternative is available.
2.2 If necessary to hump or cut them off in
motion, special care must be taken to ensure
that they and following movements toward
them are properly controlled and that cars
are coupled with the least impact possible.
SEC. 4 3.0 Handling Long Cars
3.1 A car more than 60 feet in length must not be
coupled to any other car until it is known
that coupler heads are in proper alignment
to permit coupling.
3.2 West of Alyth and Lethbridge, cars 70 feet
and longer over end sills must be marshalled
in the rear half of the train.
3.3 When tri-level, bi-level and piggyback cars
are spotted, the slack should be stretched
and handbrakes applied to prevent the
possibility of cars moving during loading or
unloading operations. Where a ramp coupler is provided, test must be made to ensure
coupling is made to the ramp.
4.0 Handling Occupied Cabooses
and Service Equipment Cars
4.1 Before coupling to or moving occupied service equipment cars, stop must be made and
when practicable, persons in, on or about
them notified. Cars should be checked to
ensure all cables, hoses, temporary ladders
etc., have been removed. Upon the proper
signal, coupling must be made carefully to
avoid shock. Occupied service equipment
cars must not be cut off in motion, nor may
other cars be cut off in motion toward them.
4.2 Except as provided for in item 4.3 all occupied cabooses and occupied service equipment cars, other than flangers, plows,
spreaders, test cars and official business
cars, shall be marshalled in and moved at the
rear of freight trains immediately ahead of
the operating caboose.
3 SEC. 4 4.3 Where track configurations require extreme
care in set-off movements, such occupied
service equipment cars may be moved at the
head-end of freight trains behind the locomotive units, but for no greater distance than
twenty miles, and at no greater speed than 20
m.p.h.
4.4 When any of the service equipment cars,
being handled in trains, are occupied by
personnel, the train speed must not exceed
35 m.p.h. Unless otherwise instructed, no
restriction from the authorized freight train
speed is necessary for the movement of non-
occupied cars.
4.5 The movement of service equipment cars on
trains of 65 cars or over, should be avoided.
4.6 Large gang movements which, with their
associated service equipment cars, are 30
cars or more, when practicable should be
moved by special train.
4.7 The person in charge of service equipment
cars and who arranges for their train movement will be responsible, at that time, for
informing the Chief Train Dispatcher as to
whether any of the cars will be "occupied" or
"not occupied" and if not occupied whether
they contain stoves, propane ranges, tables,
etc. It will be the responsibility of such
person in charge to advise the Chief Train
Dispatcher of any subsequent change in this
status. The Train Conductor should also be
advised by the Train Dispatcher or the person in charge of the cars.
o
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SEC. 4 o
-•
4.8 When unoccupied propane equipped cars
are being moved, all flame must be extinguished and main propane valves closed.
Water systems must be fully drained during
freezing weather to prevent damage.
4.9 Unoccupied service equipment cars with
contents such as stoves, propane ranges,
tables, etc., must be handled the same as
occupied cabooses and service equipment
cars as prescribed in Section 4 — Items 4.1,
4.2, 4.3, 4.5 and 4.8. The Train Conductor
must be advised when this paragraph will
.   apply.
4.10 When snow plows and/or spreaders are being handled deadhead, they must be marshalled at the rear of train, next ahead of
caboose and run in the direction of travel.
Whenever it is not possible to handle in the
direction of travel, precautions must be taken to ensure wings remain properly secured,
snow does not pack behind wings during
movement, and the train speed does not
exceed 25 m.p.h.
5.0 Handling Multi-Level Automobile Cars
5.1 Marshalling:
WHETHER LOADED OR EMPTY
- must be placed towards the rear of the
train unless otherwise authorized.
- should not be coupled to cars (other than
working cabooses) which are less than
41'6" in length over end sills.
- must not be placed next to cars containing commodities which could shift lengthwise, and must be separated from such
cars by box cars or other types of closed
equipment.
5 SEC. 4 WHENLOADED
- must not be placed immediately behind
open top cars containing coal, sand, gravel, sulphur or similar commodities; at
least one closed type car must, when practicable, intervene.
- should be placed at least 15 cars from the f
locomotive when practicable.
5.2   Switching:
WHETHER LOADED OR EMPTY
- should be coupled together or to other
types of cars on straight track. Coupling
on curved track may be extremely
difficult.
- particular care must be taken to ensure
they are shoved fully into clear of adjacent tracks before being uncoupled, because of the length of the cars and the
overhang from the trucks to the ends of
the cars.
WHENLOADED
- to avoid impact damage, particular care
must be taken when cars are cut off in
motion or when other cars are cut off in
motion toward them. Coupling speed
must not exceed THREE miles per hour.
- must be stopped not over ten feet from a
stop block before being placed against it.
- should not be hung onto during switching
operations. Instead the cars should, when
practicable, be set out until switching is
complete and then coupled back on the
train or cut off cars.
o
SEC. 4 6.0 Canadian National Railways Automobile
Double Deck Transporter Cars
Series Series
730034-730068        720032-720063
720100-720139
Overall Dimensions
Length 78' 2" Length 60'2"
Height 16' 5Vi" Height 16' 5W
Width 10'8" Width 10'8"
6.1 These cars are authorized to operate on CP.
Rail and Canadian National lines only, and
must not be interchanged to any other
Railroad.
6.2 Employees must keep off the tops of the
Automobile Transporter Cars while being
operated in trains.
6.3 Because of the extreme dimensions of cars in
series CN 730034 - 730068, utmost care
must be taken when switching with these
cars, particularly in terminals and other
locations where conditions of limited clearance exist. Crews must be especially watchful when operating through turnouts on ladder tracks to ensure ample side clearance
with cars on adjacent tracks. The center
overhang of these cars, when negotiating
turnouts, is approximately six inches beyond
that of a standard forty-foot freight car;
therefore, it is imperative that crews be especially alert to avoid cornering cars on adjacent tracks. No switching that can be avoided should be performed with these cars,
either loaded or empty. When marshalling
and breaking up trains at terminals, these
cars should be set out until switching is
7 SEC 4 completed. Running switches must not be
made, nor should they be cut off while in
motion.
6.4 Check local bulletins for tracks and routes
over which Auto Transporter Cars must not
be operated because of insufficient clearance. This applies to cars in Series CN
720000 - 720069 as well as CN 730000 -
730073 insofar as height is concerned.
7.0 Handling Transformers and Circuit Breakers
7.1 To reduce possibility of damage, Transformers and Circuit Breakers are not to be
humped or switched except with engine attached, and are to be marshalled at head end
of train, no more than 15 car lengths from
engine when practicable.
8.0 Movement and Marshalling of Scale Test
Cars.
8.1 Scale test cars must be marshalled next
ahead of caboose. During switching operations, scale test cars must be the trailing car
when pulled and the leading car when
pushed. Scale test cars must not be humped.
Refer to timetable Special Instruction "P"
for speed restrictions.
9.0 Handling of Continuous Welded Rail Trains
9.1 Sudden stops and rough coupling of rail
train must be avoided. Cars must not be
dropped onto rail train or rail train dropped
onto other cars.
9.2 In the event of a break-in-two between cars
carrying long strings of welded rail, the fol-
SEC 4 8
o
o r\
lowing procedures must be taken as the safe
course in handling welded rail train:
a) Notify dispatcher immediately, giving location and all pertinent information regarding break-in-two.
b) If possible, clear the main track before
recoupling is attempted. If recoupling is
attempted, it must be ensured that all rails
enter the proper compartment on the
roller racks.
c) If train is on grade, sufficient hand brakes
must be applied to secure cars in event air
brakes leak off and to prevent any further
movement until air pressure is restored on
cars behind the break-in-two.
d) Two 25-ft. and one 15-ft. air hoses with
connections, two 25-ft. and one 15-ft.
length of 1 Va" cable with hooks are located in brackets on the side of the anchor
car near the centre of the rail train and
will be used to restore air throughout the
entire train and to tie cars together at the
point of break-in-two. Also two safety-
pull hoists 3-ton capacity to assist in
moving rail if required are located in the
side of the roller rack on the first car
behind the tie-down car. On level or nearly level grade, cars of welded rail may then
be safely pulled to nearest setout point,
but such move must be made with extreme caution and abrupt starts and stops
avoided. Where grades are involved, it is
preferable to handle on descending
grades to set-out point.
SEC. 4 9.3 In the event of one or more strings of welded
rail shifting, the following procedures must
betaken:
a) Notify dispatcher immediately, giving location and all pertinent information.
b) If possible, remove anchors and loosen
tie-down bolts on displaced strings.
c) Use safety pull hoists or winch on
"threader car" if available to pull strings
into place.
d) After strings have been readjusted and
cars recoupled, re-tighten all hold-down
bolts and reapply anchors.
NOTE:
FOR INSTRUCTIONS IN SWITCHING AND MARSHALLING CARS
CARRYING DANGEROUS
COMMODITIES, SEE SECTION 8.
o
o
SEC. 4 10 SECTION 5
O
PASSENGER AND MIXED TRAINS
1.0 General
1.1 Air brakes must be in service and automatic
brake used when handling or switching passenger equipment occupied by passengers
and when other than an engine is being
coupled to passenger equipment occupied
by passengers.
1.2 Before uncoupling passenger equipment it
must be known that all trainlines, including
those for public address systems and other
electrical circuits, if any, and diaphragm
curtains are disconnected.
1.3 Engines or cars being attached to passenger
equipment occupied by passengers, or passenger equipment occupied by passengers
being coupled to other equipment or being
placed against stop block, must be brought
to a stop from six to ten feet from the equipment to which they are to be coupled or from
stop block. Upon the proper signal, coupling
must be made carefully to avoid shock.
1.4 After a coupling has been made to passenger, freight, or any auxiliary equipment, it
must be known that the locking blocks and
pins of the couplers have dropped into place.
Slack must be taken carefully to ensure that a
proper coupling has been made before
movement is made in either direction.
SEC 5 1.5 When trains carrying passengers encounter
unusual delays enroute, conductors or trainmen should announce reason for such delays
and expected duration in an effort to solicit
whatever assistance might be available from
experienced Company or other personnel on
the train.
o
2.0 Vestibule Doors, Platforms, Curtains,
Guard Rails, Side and End Gates,
Tail Gates, Chains and Bars
2.1 ON THROUGH AND LOCAL TRAINS,
TWO TRACKS,
RIGHT-HAND OPERATION:
When running, all vestibule doors and platforms are to be kept closed. When standing,
those on right hand side only are to be
opened, except when necessary to open
those on left hand side to receive or discharge passengers.
2.2 ON THROUGH AND LOCAL TRAINS,
TWO TRACKS,
LEFT-HAND OPERATION:
When running, all vestibule doors and platforms are to be kept closed. When standing,
those on left hand side only are to be opened,
except when necessary to open those on right
hand side to receive or discharge passengers.
2.3 ON THROUGH AND LOCAL TRAINS,
SINGLE TRACK:
When running, all vestibule doors and platforms are to be kept closed.
SEC 5 o
J
2.4 ON SUBURBAN TRAINS,
TWO TRACKS,
RIGHT-HAND OPERATION:
Vestibule doors and platforms on right hand
side of train may be kept open. Those on left
hand side are to be kept closed, except when
necessary to open them to receive or discharge passengers.
2.5 ON SUBURBAN TRAINS,
TWO TRACKS,
LEFT-HAND OPERATION:
Vestibule doors and platforms on left hand
side of train may be kept open. Those on
right hand side to be kept closed, except
when necessary to open them to receive or
discharge passengers.
2.6 ON SUBURBAN TRAINS,
SINGLE TRACK:
All vestibule doors and platforms may be
kept open.
NOTE:
Through and local trains, when within commutation limits and carrying commutation
traffic within such limits, will be regarded as
suburban trains, and vestibule doors and
platforms will be handled as provided for
suburban trains in items 2.4,2.5 and 2.6.
2.7 SECURE VESTIBULE DOORS
AND PLATFORMS:
When permissible to have vestibule doors
and platforms open when running, these
must be securely fastened.
2.8 GUARD RAILS OR SIDE GATES:
These appliances will be handled as prescribed for the handling of vestibule doors
and platforms.
3 SEC. 5 2.9 VESTIBULE CURTAINS:
These appliances will be kept drawn and
securely fastened, except during switching
operations.
2.10 TAIL GATES, CHAINS OR BARS:
The appliance at the rear of the last car on
the train must be kept closed, and securely
fastened, and the appliance at the rear of the
last passenger car must also be kept closed
and securely fastened when a baggage car,
flanger or caboose is immediately behind it.
Rail diesel cars being used in multiple operation or being used as coaches in conventional
trains must have the end vestibule doors
closed and safety chains connected between
the cars when in motion. Bars in vestibules of
Budd passenger equipment must be in place,
except when vestibules are open.
2.11 When vestibule doors and platforms, side
gates or guard rails (if required by these
regulations to be kept closed when running)
are closed as the train moves away from
stopping point and remain closed until near-
ing the next stopping point, or when trainman is on duty at the opening, it will be
considered that the regulations are being
complied with.
2.12 On passenger and mixed trains when the car
immediately ahead of the first passenger
carrying car is of the non-diaphragm type,
the tail gate, chain or crossbar at the forward
end of the passenger carrying car should be
kept in closed position while the train is in
motion.
SEC. 5
o SECTION 6
CONNIVANCE IN
ILLEGAL TRANSPORTATION
BY RAILWAY EMPLOYEES
1.0 Section 359 of The Criminal Code Reads
1.1 Everyone who, by means of a false or misleading representation, knowingly obtains
or attempts to obtain the carriage of anything by any person into a country, province,
district or other place, whether or not within
Canada, where the importation or transportation of it is, in the circumstances of the
case, unlawful is guilty of an offense punishable on summary conviction.
1.2 Where a person is convicted of an offense
under subsection (1), anything by means of
or in relation to which the offense was committed, upon such conviction, in addition to
any punishment that is imposed, is forfeited
to Her Majesty and shall be disposed of as
the Court may direct.
1.3 Your attention is also directed to Section 182
of the Customs Act of Canada, reading as
follows: —
a) If any goods are unlawfully imported on
any railway, they shall be seized and forfeited, and the car in which such goods
were so imported shall be seized and
detached from the train and forfeited.
b) Every conductor, baggage-master, or officer or servant employed on any railway
and every officer or servant employed by
any express company, who is privy to or
aids or abets in such unlawful importation, shall forfeit a sum equal to the value
of the articles, and
1 SEC 6 (i) if the value for duty of the goods is under
two hundred dollars, is further liable on
summary conviction before two justices
of the peace to a penalty not exceeding
two hundred dollars and not less than
fifty dollars, or to imprisonment for a
term not exceeding one year and not less
than one month, or to both fine and imprisonment; and
(ii) if the value for duty of the goods is two
hundred dollars or over, is guilty of an
indictable offense and liable on conviction to a penalty not exceeding one thousand dollars and not less than two hundred dollars, or to imprisonment for a
term not exceeding four years and not less
than one year, or to both fine and imprisonment.
1.4 This is submitted for your information and
guidance and you will note that the consent,
connivance, aid or assistance of any railway
employee in illegal transportation constitutes an offense for which a prison term is a
penalty, in addition to carrying penalties by
way of seizure and forfeiture. All employees
will use their best efforts to prevent violation
of the law and every facility should be given
officers of the Government in their investigations.
1.5 If an agent, yardmaster or conductor (and
particularly the latter in connection with
cars loaded at flag stations and outlying
sidings) has reason to believe that a shipment is falsely billed and contains contraband, although classified as some other commodity, he will immediately inform his superintendent by telegraph, giving full particulars, including car number.
SEC. 6 2
o
o SECTION 7
o
1.0 Instructions in The Event of Death
on Board Trains or Injuries and Death
as The Result of Accidents
Involving Trains
1.1 These instructions will apply in all cases
where there has been a train accident involving death or serious personal injury, or where
death has occurred on board train otherwise
than as the result of accident, and are intended to avoid delay in the operation of trains
and to protect the interests of crew members
and of the Company at inquests or in subsequent legal proceedings.
1.2 When a fatality has occurred due to accident
or otherwise, crews should report the fact
immediately to the local police and request
that the coroner, medical examiner or investigator be notified and that a doctor be
summoned to the scene.
1.3 When an accident involving serious personal
injury has occurred, the local police and a
doctor should be summoned to the scene, or,
if circumstances warrant, the injured person
may be taken on the train to the next station
in the direction in which the train is going
where medical assistance can be obtained.
1.4 If a Company's medical officer is available,
he should be advised.
1.5 It is permissible for trains to leave the scene
before the arrival of the police, coroner,
medical examiner or investigator, provided
that some responsible person (an employee
1 SEC 7 where practicable) is left in charge; that
person should inform the police, coroner
etc., particulars of the occurrence, including
the number and direction of the train, the
names and addresses of the crew and the
direction in which any vehicle was moving at
the time of impact.
1.6 Care should be taken not to disturb any
wreckage more than is necessary to permit
the starting of the train. If it is necessary to
move a body, crews should attempt to advise
police by radio or telephone of their intention in this regard and the reason for doing
so, and the person left in charge must be able
to advise the police, coroner, medical examiner or investigator of the original position in which it was found. If the accident
occurs in a remote locality where it is impracticable to notify the police or coroner, or
if the accident occurs in such circumstances
that the police or coroner are not likely to
arrive for a long time, and if it is not practicable to leave a responsible person in charge,
a body may be taken to and left at the next
station in the direction in which the train is
going, with a responsible person left in
charge to advise the police and the coroner of
the facts.
1.7 The crew should not give or sign statements
other than for an officer of the Company.
However, if requested by the coroner, medical examiner or investigator or a police officer to give statements, crews may state such
general facts as: their names and addresses;
the number and direction of the train; the
place and time of the accident and the direc-
SEC 7 2
o o
tion of approach of the person or vehicle, but
under no circumstances should crews express opinions as to the cause of a mishap,
nor attempt to estimate speeds or distances.
1.8 To avoid delay to trains, arrangements
should be made with police, coroner, medical examiner or investigator for any statements required, to be given on arrival at
terminals in the presence of a railway officer.
1.9 Members of the train crews and other employees of the Company who may be on the
scene or otherwise concerned in an accident,
should make notes of all relevant facts, so
that they will be in a position to give detailed
information when the matter is being investigated by the Company.
1.10 In the event of public road crossing mishap,
engine bell should be kept ringing after the
train or engine has stopped, until the attention of the driver and any occupants of the
vehicle and outside witnesses, if any, as well
as of employees, is called to the fact that the
engine bell had been ringing. Attention of
driver, occupants and outside witnesses
should also be drawn to fact that headlight is
burning brightly, that ditch lights on engines
so equipped are illuminated and that gyra-
lite, if applied, is functioning.
1.11 Where possible, the following information
should be recorded: -
Time of accident;
Name and address of owner, driver and
occupants of vehicle;
Position in vehicle of each passenger;
Identification of casualties;
Make, type and Provincial or State license
number of vehicle;
3 SEC 7 Direction and speed of vehicle approaching and passing over crossing;
Point of impact on train or vehicles;
Damage to vehicle and railway
equipment;
Weather, road conditions and visibility;
Position of vehicle after mishap, windows
clean or dirty, open or closed, steamed
or frosted, if glass broken out ascertain
position of window mechanism; radio
on or off;
Evidence of intoxicants;
Description of skid marks, if any, on road;
Number of yards beyond crossing where
train stopped;
Type of protective appliance at crossing
and whether functioning properly;
Names and addresses of witnesses; car
license numbers;
Was whistle sounded approaching
crossing;
Was bell ringing approaching crossing;
Did witnesses hear whistle sounded and
bell ringing;
Did witnesses observe headlight burning;
Did witnesses observe ditch lights
illuminated on engines so equipped;
Where was engine when whistle and bell
first heard by witnesses;
Where was engine when headlight first
observed by witnesses;
Name and address of coroner and doctor
called;
Any other relevant information.
1.12 In the event of an accident to a passenger on
a train, or to a passenger who is entraining or
detraining, the names and addresses of those
in the immediate vicinity should be procured
SEC 7 4
o
o D
at once. Train crews or other employees
should examine and report on the condition
of the premises or equipment where the
accident occurred. Time of accident should
be noted.
1.13 In all cases of derailment or accident to cars
in which propane or commercial acetylene is
used, the supply must be shut off as quickly
as possible. Shut-off valve is located at supply tank.
1.14 In the case of derailments, collisions, highway crossing accidents, when the same are
attended with personal injury to any person
using the railway, or to any employee of the
Company; all other accidents occurring on
the railway, attended by personal injury to
any person using the railway, or to any
employee of the Company, and in which
accidents the movement of trains, engines or
cars is involved, and any damage caused by
any such accident, to any bridge, culvert,
viaduct or tunnel on the railway, rendering
the same impassable or unfit for immediate
use, (and whether attended by personal injury to any person or employee of the Company or not) the conductor or other employee
of the railway company who is in charge of
the train, place or structure in connection
with which the accident occurred, shall, at
the expense of the Company, and at the same
time as he reports to the Company, send a
telegram addressed to the Director of Operation, Railway Transport Committee for
Canada, Ottawa, containing the following
information:—
Date and place;
Name of railway;
5 SEC 7 Number and description of train or trains,
engine or engines concerned;
Number of passengers; employees, or others killed and injured;
Statement of any damage to any bridge,
culvert, viaduct or tunnel;
A short, concise statement of the apparent I
cause of the accident;
Name and title of person sending report.
1.15 Copy of such message sent to be immediately transmitted to superintendent's office.
Other accidents occurring as a result of
transportation which are required to be reported to the Board, will be reported by the
superintendent.
1.16 Fires on diesel-electric locomotives which
involve hazard or injury to train service
employees and which affect the safe operation of trains must also be reported to the
Director of Operation, Railway Transport
Committee, Ottawa.
1.17 It should be carefully noted that, only such
accidents as are specifically referred to
above are to be reported to the Railway
Transport Committee by wire.
1.18 Other accidents, including those occurring
in railway shops, manufacturing establishments, or other places of the railway company in which the movement of trains, engines
or cars is not involved in the accidents,
should be reported in accordance with
standing instructions on the subject.
NOTE:
"Highway Crossing" means public crossing
at grade and does not include private or farm
crossings.
SEC. 7 6 SECTION 8
INSTRUCTIONS FOR
HANDLING EXPLOSIVES AND
OTHER DANGEROUS COMMODITIES
D Regulations governing the transportation of
explosives and other dangerous commodities
are contained in Canadian Transport Commission "Regulations for the Transportation of
Dangerous Commodities by Rail" to permit the
uniform enforcement of law and to minimize
the dangers to life and property. The Regulations are law for both shippers and carriers and
violations shall incur penalty. Sections 383 and
384 of the Railway Act also apply.
1.0 Pick-up of Cars.
1.1 Cars containing dangerous commodities
must be in good order, without evidence of
defects or leakage, when lifted at origin.
1.2 Damaged or leaking cars, trailers or containers loaded with dangerous commodities
must not be transported.
1.3 Cars, trailers and containers must not be
accepted for transportation unless properly
placarded. See item 5.0 for further details on
placarding.
o
2.0 Inspection of Cars.
2.1 Placarded loaded tank cars must be inspected by the carrier before acceptance at originating points and when received in interchange, to see that they are properly placarded, not leaking and that the air brakes and
hand brakes, journal boxes and trucks are in
1 SEC. 8 proper condition for service. Cars equipped
with interior heating coils must have inlet
and outlet pipe caps secured.
2.2 Empty tank cars previously containing a
dangerous commodity tendered for movement or when received in interchange, must
have manhole covers, outlet valve reducers,
outlet valve caps, outlet valve cap plugs, end
plugs, and plugs or caps of other openings
securely in their proper places; except that
heater coil inlet and outlet pipes must be left
open for drainage.
2.3 Cars placed for the loading of Class A Explosives must be of high quality with both exterior and interior in good order, without cracks
in the roof, sides, floor or ends, through
which sparks may enter. Such cars must have
car certificate Form 1084, applied to each
side of car.
2.4 All cars used for loading of dangerous commodities must have air brakes and hand
brakes in condition for service.
3.0 Documentation
3.1 Each shipper in Canada must furnish to the
carrier a Hazard Information Emergency
Response Form, which must accompany
each carload, trailerload or containerload of
dangerous commodities from shipper's
trackage to the consignee's trackage.
This form must always be in the possession
of a member of the train crew except in
classification yards where it will be readily
available in the yard office should an emergency arise.
SEC. 8 o
Multi-unit shipments of a single dangerous
commodity made from one shipper at origin
to one consignee at destination require only
one Hazard Information Emergency Response Form, and a list of car numbers shall
be shown thereon.
For compartmentized tank cars loaded with
one or more dangerous commodities, a separate Hazard Information Emergency Response Form shall be required for each commodity and its location in the car indicated
in the appropriate block provided on the
form. See item 3.12 for sample of Hazard
Information Emergency Response Form.
3.2 The shipper must provide the train crew
performing the initial switching movement
from his trackage with a switch list, switching order or switching receipt which must
indicate the following information:
a) placard endorsement,
b) shipper's certificate.
The SHIPPER'S CERTIFICATE reads as
follows:
"This is to certify that the above named
articles are properly classified, described,
packaged, marked and labelled and are in
proper condition for transportation, according to the applicable Regulations of the
Canadian Transport Commission."
As an alternative switching document, the
shipper may provide a Hazard Information
Emergency Response form, completed in
full.
SEC. 8 o
3.3 If the initial movement from the shipper's
trackage is covered by a switch list prepared
by railway personnel under the shipper's
written authority it must bear the placard
endorsement and, except when the shipper's
bill of lading is in the railway's possession,
the shipper's certificate. It is desirable that
the commodity name be shown.
3.4 Shipper's bill of lading must show the following information:
a) proper description of dangerous commodity,
b) proper classification,
c) quantity by weight or volume,
d) placard notation,
e) shipper's certificate.
NOTE:
For less than carload, trailerload or con-
tainerload shipments, label notation must be
shown in addition to the above.
3.5 O.C.S. traffic is subject to the same regulations as dangerous commodities received
from industry.
3.6 Waybills for cars, trailers and containers
must show the following information:
a) proper description of dangerous
commodity,
b) proper classification,
c) quantity by weight or volume,
d) placard notation, /
e) placard endorsement.
NOTE:
For less than carload, trailerload or con-
tainerload shipments label notation must be
shown in addition to the above.
SEC. 8 4 3.7 A member of the train crew transporting
dangerous commodities must have in his
possession a copy of the shipping paper
showing the information outlined in item 3.6
NOTE:
Shipping paper means any shipping order,
bill of lading, waybill, Hazard Information
Emergency Response Form or other document serving a similar purpose.
3.8 At all terminals or other places where trains
are made up by crews other than road crews
accompanying the outbound movement of
cars, a written notice must be prepared and
given to conductors and enginemen showing
the location of every loaded placarded car in
their train. Form 1079A is used for this
purpose.
3.9 Mechanical train consists must show the
placard notation and the "49" series Standard Transportation Commodity Code
Numbers for cars, trailers, and containers
loaded with dangerous commodities. (See
item 3.11 for empty tank cars.) At non-mechanized points where such cars are picked up,
the commodity name and placard notation
must be shown on the train consist or Conductor's journal.
3.10 The Canadian Transport Commission may
issue Special Permits to shippers granting
exemptions from any of the Regulations.
Where special carrier requirements are involved, the shipper must present a copy of
the Special Permit to the carrier at point of
origin. Special Permit number must appear
on both the shipper's bill of lading and
carrier's waybill.
5 SEC. 8 3.11 Empty tank cars must be forwarded on a
non-revenue waybill indicating "Empty"
and showing the proper description of the
dangerous commodity last contained in car,
along with appropriate empty placard notation and the "49" series Standard Transportation Commodity Code Number. Mechanical train consists must show the information
outlined above.
o
SEC. 8 o
o
3.12
(1)
HAZARD INFORMATION
EMERGENCY RESPONSE FORM
(Not to be used for waybilling purposes)
PLACARD ENDORSEMENT
EXPLOSIVES
CAR NO.
If compartmentized
check one
CONSIGNEE:
A
B
C
DATE:
SHIPPER: (preprinted)
ORIGIN: (preprinted)
WEIGHT or VOLUME:
(Approximate)
DESTINATION:
ROUTING:
COMMODITY:
CLASSIFICATION:
Class A
Explosives
PLACARD NOTATION:
This is to certify that the above
named article is properly classified,
described, packaged, marked and labelled, and is in proper condition for
transportation according to the applicable regulations of the Canadian
Transport Commission.
Shipper's signature	
POTENTIAL HAZARDS
Fire
Burn violently; may detonate at any time.
Explosion
May detonate violently if subject to heat, flame or
shock.
Probability of explosion increases when heated.
Health
Fire may produce irritating gases.
IMMEDIATE ACTION INFORMATION
General
Contact shipper for assistance.
No unnecessary personnel.
Identify and isolate hazard area and evacuate to safe
distance.
Explosives should be handled only under the supervision of an expert.
Fire
Do not fight fire that is in immediate area of car and
evacuate hazard area.
If explosives are not directly exposed to fire or heat
use unmanned hose holder or monitor nozzle from
maximum distance or behind barrier, or if without
risk, use conventional methods.
Do not move if lading has been exposed to fire or heat
except under the supervision of an expert.
Spill or
Leak
Within   immediate   area:   Isolate   area,   eliminate ignition sources.
No flares, no open flames, no smoking. Disposal shall
be under supervision of an expert.
First Aid
Use standard first aid procedures.
Emergency
Phone:
(Shipper's number or his designate for further
emergency assistance.)
SEC. 8 4.0 Emergency Information and Procedures.
4.1 Crew Responsibility:
a) Protect train in accordance with
U.C.O.R.
b) Rescue injured and remove to a safe place
(if it can be done safely), apply first aid or
secure medical aid.
c) Survey the area to ensure others are not
endangered. Evacuate area (if necessary):
if possible extinguish fires or remove intact cars from the danger point if it can be
done safely.
d) Keep all unauthorized persons away,
posting guards if necessary; no effort
should be spared to accomplish this.
e) Identify contents of all cars involved and
determine conditions referred to in Hazard Information Emergency Response
Forms or in Bureau of Explosives Pamphlets Nos. 1, 2, 3 and 4 entitled "Emergency Handling of Hazardous Materials
in Surface Transportation" to ascertain
hazards. (Copy contained in metal container in caboose.)
f) Notify train dispatcher as quickly as possible identifying the contents of cars involved to him stating the condition of
these cars only to the extent that this
information can be obtained without putting yourself or others in danger. Following instructions received from the train
dispatcher concerning calling the local
fire or police department, etc.
g) Give all information available to the Operating Officer who arrives at the scene to
take charge and then be governed by his
instructions.
SEC. 8 8
o
o 4.2 Bureau of Explosives Pamphlet Nos. 1, 2, 3
and 4 entitled "Emergency Handling of Hazardous Materials in Surface Transportation" contains Recommended Good Practices for handling fires, leaks, spills and
derailments involving explosives and other
dangerous commodities. Various dangerous
commodities are listed alphabetically, along
with the "49" series Standard Transportation Commodity Code Number giving a
brief outline of emergency action to be taken
and personnel protection in the event of an
emergency, until the arrival of qualified specialists at the scene. Each Hazard Information Emergency Response Form shows an
emergency telephone number to call for
assistance.
4.3 Various associations, organizations and industries can be contacted for assistance in
the event of an emergency. Names, locations
and telephone numbers are listed in the
Emergency Response Information - Train
Operation Manual and have been circulated
to each dispatching office across the system.
4.4 Violations of the Commission's Regulations: accidents leaking, damaged or defective containers and other similar incidents
which occur while a shipment is in the custody of the carrier, shall be reported promptly to the Director of Operation, Railway
Transport Committee, Canadian Transport
Commission, Ottawa, Ont. and to the Bureau of Explosives.
SEC. 8 5.0 Placarding
5.1 The shipper must securely apply placards on
both sides and both ends of car, unless carrier has loaded the car in which case it is a
carrier responsibility to apply placards. For
trailers or containers the placards may be
applied to the trailer or container rather than
to the rail car, provided they are visible from
the sides and ends of car.
5.2 Except for cars placarded "EXPLOSIVES",
the shipper must show the proper commodity name of carload shipments in the space
provided on the placard or on tag board
cards applied next to the placard.
5.3 Carriers must replace missing or unreadable
placards on loaded and empty cars in transit.
5.4. A car shall not be transported unless it is
properly placarded.
5.5 When cars are unloaded and placards require removal or replacement, this will be
performed by the party unloading the car. A
tank car placarded "Dangerous" which has
been unloaded shall be placarded "Dangerous Empty" by party unloading the car.
5.6 Cars placarded "Explosives" must have a car
certificate, Form 1084, applied to each side
of car adj acent to the placard.
o
o
SEC. 8 10 PLACARDS
EXPLOSIVES PLACARD
(Reduced size)
"14 Inches'"
.COMPANY
EXPLOSIVES
HANDLE CAREFULLY
KEEP FIRE AWAY
.STATION.
.19
CONDENSED RULES FOR HANDLING THIS CAR
1. In switching this car in yards or on sidings have a non-placarded
car between this car and engine.
2. This car must not be cut off while In motion.
3. Avoid all shocks to this car.   Other cars must not be allowed to
strike this car.   Couple carefully.
4. When the explosives are unloaded this placard must be removed
from car.
(74.550)
J
11
SEC. 8 POISON GAS PLACARD
(Reduced size)
-17 inches-
DO NOT REMAIN ON OR NEAR THIS
CAR UNNECESSARILY
Lading must not be transferred en route under any conditions before
shipper, the   Commission  and   Bureau of Explosives are notified.
POISON GAS
O
Name of Contents
This car must not be next to a car placarded
"Explosives**
Beware of liquid and of gas leaking from tank or fittings.
WHEN LADING IS REMOVED
THIS PLACARD MUST
BE REVERSED
(74.577)
For tank cars.
i
POISON GAS PLACARD
(Reduced size)
UM Inches
CAUTION
This Car Contains
POISON GAS
Beware of Fumes from Leaking
Packages.
O
(74.551)
For other than tank cars.
SEC. 8
12 w
DANGEROUS PLACARD
(Reduced Size)
(74.552)
o
DANGEROUS PLACARD
FOR RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL
(Reduced size)
/\
\
\
/       DO NOT
•'    REMAIN IN OR
NEAR THIS CAR ^Jfr
UNNECESSARILY «f>
V
Notify Shipper or Canadian Transport >
Commission   or   Bureau   of   Explosives
before handling contents of broken packages
DANGEROUS
RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL
This car must not be next to a car placarded y
explosives or carloads of undeveloped film. •
V     Avoid contact with leaking content*        •
\   WHEN LADING IS REMOVED     /
\     THIS PLACARD MUST       /
\        BE REMOVED /
\   /
(74.553)
13
SEC. 8 CAUTION PLACARD
FOR RESIDUAL PHOSPHORUS
(Reduced size)
o
(74.555)
FLAMMABLE POISON GAS PLACARD
(Reduced size)
.... 17 inches	
DO NOT REMAIN ON OR NEAR THIS
CAR UNNECESSARILY
Lading must not be transferred en route under any conditions before
shipper, the Commission and Bureau of Explosives are notified.
FLAMMABLE
POISON GAS
Name of Contents
This car must not be next to a car placarded "Explosives".
Beware of liquid and of gas leaking from tank or fittings.
WHEN LADING IS REMOVED THIS PLACARD MUST BE
REVERSED
O
(74.556)
SEC 8
14 "DANGEROUS- EMPTY"
PLACARD
(Reduced size)              .'
«
IN
/''KEEP
X
,-VUQrrS&FlRES
^%
&/    away
v^    THIS CAR CONTAINS
j&   FLAMMABLE
o
//k POISONOUS VAPOR
S/m CORROSIVE RESIDUE
/• nAiiprDniio
H^w N
^^N
l^N
H^^
UANutnUUo
V               DO NOT                      DO NOT
IMUAI C VAPAD             ALLOW LIQUID OR SOLID
*»     OwIALt VArUK           RESIDUE TO TOUCH SUN
^H^^
EMPTY
%     Sx>r«lirNflKfaukli<«fiT«rilk«U».
\     w4lb*UMMMtW<t*r»it&4«rt«Kll
%      fcwiM.fcMdfc.tWu436fe.loaj.
*»     00 NOT ENTER TANK
*,      to  DONOT.*4t*
(74.563 (a))
"FLAMMABLE POISON GAS-EMPTY" PLACARD
(Reduced size)
 lf inches
KEEP LIGHTS AND FIRES AWAY
THIS CAR CONTAINS
FLAMMABLE POISON GAS
OR RESIDUE
DANGEROUS
DO NOT
•
5            DO NOT          ALLOW LIQUID OR
3      INHALE GAS    SOLID RESIDUE TO
c
2                                            TOUCH SKIN
0
o
EMPTY
KEEP  MANWAY   BONNET   COVER
SECURELY CLOSED.    DO NOT ENTER   TANK  UNTIL IT  HAS   BEEN
CLEANED IN ACCORDANCE WITH
THE SHIPPER'S INSTRUCTIONS
DO NOT RELOAD IN TRANSIT
(74.563 (d))
15
SEC. 8 'POISON GAS    EMPTY" PLACARD
(Reduced size)
-17 inches
KEEP LIGHTS AND FIRES AWAY
THIS CAR CONTAINS
POISON GAS
OR RESIDUE
DANGEROUS
.js
o
G
CO
DO NOT
INHALE GAS
DO NOT
ALLOW LIQUID OR
SOLID RESIDUE TO
TOUCH SKIN
EMPTY
KEEP MANWAY BONNET COVER
SECURELY CLOSED. DO NOT ENTER TANK UNTIL IT HAS BEEN
CLEANED IN ACCORDANCE WITH
THE SHIPPER'S INSTRUCTIONS
DO NOT RELOAD IN TRANSIT
o
(74.563(0)
6.0 Unloading of Cars
6.1 A box car, trailer or container placarded
Dangerous or known to contain flammable
liquids, gases or vapors must not be entered
with a lighted open flame lantern, torch or
other fire until both doors have been opened
and sufficient time allowed for ventilation
and escape of any vapors. The presence of
these vapors will generally be indicated by
characteristic odors. When leakage is continuous, ventilation will not remove the danger.
(See item 4.0 for procedures).
o
SEC. 8
16 PLACARD
GROUP
CANADIAN PLACARDS
Bcp
Rail
EQUIVALENT UNITED STATES OF AMERICA PLACARDS
LOADED CARS
DANGEROUS
EMPTY
LOADED CARS
EMPTY
1
EXPLOSIVES
HANDLE CAREFULLY
! KEEP FIRE AWAY
CONDENSED RULES FOR HANDLING THIS CAR
In switching this ear In yards or on tidings havt ■
TANK CARS ONLY
NON-FLAMMABLE
GAS
OXIDIZER
FLAMMABLE
#
o
FLAMMABLE
POISON GAS
Name of Contents
Thii car must not be next to a car placarded "Explosives".
Beware of liquid and of gas leaking from tank or fittings.
WHEN LADING IS REMOVED THIS PLACARD MUST BE
REVERSED
POISON GAS
Name of Content*
Beware of liquid ai
WHEN LADING IS REMOVED
THIS PLACARD MUST
BE REVERSED
CAUTION
This Gar Contains
POISON GAS
Beware of Fumes from Leaking:
Packages.
DANGEROUS
•> Bo not
J DO NOT ALLOW LIQUID OR
g      INHALE CAS     SOLID RESIDUE TO
FOR TANK CARS
FOR OTHER THAN
TANK CARS
I
NO RESTRICTIONS
29
SEC. 8
(COMBUSTIBLE
NO CANADIAN EQUIVALENT
Must not be marshalled nearer than second from engine
or caboose in Canada, when train length permits.
* Empty placards will be the
same as loaded placards
except that the top half of
the diamond is in black
with white letters showing
EMPTY. 00 «
POSITION IN FREIGHT OR MIXED TRAIN OF CARS CONTAINING DANGEROUS COMMODITIES B &i
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13   :                        14
15
16
17
18                            19
1           20
!    21
INSTRUCTIONS
Refer to Page 29 to determine type of placard and placard group number.
Locate corresponding type of car and placard group
number in Columns 1 and 2.
WHEN TRAIN
LENGTH PERMITS
WHEN TRAIN LENGTH
DOESNOT
PERMIT
WHEN
TRAIN
CLASSIFIED
PICK-UP
AND/OR
SET-OFF
SERVICE
MUST NOT BE PLACED NEXT TO:
MUST
NOT BE
NEARER
THAN
16TH
FROM
ENGINE
OR
OCCUPIED
CABOOSE
MUST
NOT BE
NEARER
THAN
6TH
FROM
ENGINE,
OCCUPIED
CABOOSE
OR
PASSENGER
CAR
MUST
BE
NEAR
MIDDLE
OF
TRAIN
MUST
NOT BE
NEARER
THAN
2ND
FROM
ENGINE,
OCCUPIED
CABOOSE
OR
PASSENGER
CAR
MUSTBE
NEAR
MIDDLE
OFBLOCK
BUTNOT
NEARER
THAN
6TH
FROM
ENGINE
OR
OCCUPIED
CABOOSE
MUST
NOT BE
NEARER
THAN
2ND
FROM
ENGINE
OR
OCCUPIED
CABOOSE
E
N
G
I
N
E
OCCUPIED
C
A
B
0
0
S
E
OCCUPIED
PASSENGER
CAR
OR
COMBINATION
CAR
OCCUPIED
CAR
WITH
LIVE
ANIMALS
AND
ATTENDANTS
CAR PLACARDED
LOADED
FLAT
OPEN-TOP
CAR WHEN
LADING
PROTRUDES
BEYOND CAR
OR
WHEN LADING
ABOVECAR
ENDS IS
LIABLE
TO
SHIFT
ANY CAR
PIGGYBACK OR
CONTAINER
WITH AUTOMATIC
HEATING OR
REFRIGERATION
LIGHTED
HEATERS,
STOVES,
LANTERNS
OR INTERNAL
COMBUSTION
ENGINES
Follow horizontally across chart noting which vertical
columns apply (indicated by symbol X).
See footnotes for explanation of reference marks.
E
X
P
L
0
S
I
V
E
S
D
A
N
G
E
R
0
U
S
P
0
I
s
0
N
G
A
s
FLAMMABLE
P
0
I
S
0
N
G
A
S
DANGEROUS
RADIOACTIVE
MATERIALS
1
2
3
CAR
TYPE OF CAR
PLACARD APPLIED
ON CAR
and Group No.
NO
RESTRICTIONS
ANY CAR
(includes Flat Cars,
Carrying Trailers or
Containers)
Group 1
EXPLOSIVES
X
X
X
X(f)
X
X(b)
X(b)
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
TANK CAR
Group 2
DANGEROUS
X
X
X(f)
X(c)
X(c)
X
X
X
X
X
X(a)
X
X(d)
OTHER THAN
TANK CAR
Group 2
DANGEROUS
m
X(e)
X(e)
X(e)
X(e)
X
X
X
TANK CAR
Group3
POISON GAS OR
FLAMMABLE POISON GAS
X
X
X(f)
X
X(d)
X(d)
X
X
X
X(a)
X
X(d)
OTHER THAN
TANK CAR
Group 3
POISON GAS OR
FLAMMABLE POISON GAS
X
X(d)
X(d)
X
X
X
X(a)
X
X(d)
ANY CAR
Group 4
DANGEROUS RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL
X(e)
X(e)
X(e)
X(e)
X
ANY CAR
CAUTION
RESIDUAL PHOSPHORUS
X
EXCEPT AS PROVIDED IN ITEM 8.5, LOADED PLACARDED CARS MUST NOT BE MARSHALLED NEARER THAN SECOND CAR FROM ENGINE OR OCCUPIED CABOOSE.
FOOTNOTES
(a) Except trailer-on-flat-car, container-on-flat-car, tri-level and bi-level cars and any other car specially equipped with tie down          (d) Except when car is occubied solely by gas handlers or authorized personnel accompai
devices for handling vehicles. Permanent end bulk head flat cars are considered the same as an open-top car. (Column 20).                       next behind placarded car.
(b) Except when caboose, etc. is occupied by authorized personnel accompanying shipment and it is not equipped with lighted          (e) Except when train length Joes not permit
KeKten' SoCL°,CoChPJh S!l^ n6Xt behmd °ar p,acarded "ExP,os,ves"-lf ^u,PPed w,th h9hted heater* must be fourth          (f)  For the purpose of these regulations, a train is considered to be in pick-up or set-off servi
oenina car piacaraea  txpiosives .                                                                                                                                                         three pjCk_ups or set-offs daily between initial and terminating stations.
(c) Except when train consists only of placarded loaded tank cars.
lying shipment. Such occupie
ce when normally scheduled t
EMPTY TANK
DANGEROUS POISON GAS
OR FLAMMABLE POISON
GAS EMPTY
X
3d car must be
EMPTY TANK
DANGEROUS EMPTY
X
o make at least
FORM 3785 REV. 5/81
JU
SJbA.. 3 o
o
7.0 Switching Operations
7.1 Loaded placarded tank cars or cars containing Explosives must not be stopped over
open flame switch heaters unless unavoidable due to an emergency, in which case cars
should be moved off promptly, or switch
heaters extinguished.
7.2 Cars placarded Explosives, Poison Gas or
Flammable Poison Gas, or any flat car carrying a trailer or container placarded Explosives, Poison Gas, Flammable Poison Gas,
Dangerous or Dangerous Radioactive Material, must not be cut off while in motion.
7.3 No car moving under its own momentum
shall be allowed to strike any placarded cars
shown in item 7.2, nor shall such car be
coupled to with more force than is necessary
to complete coupling.
7.4 Cars, trailers or containers placarded Explosives must be separated from the engine by at
least one non-placarded car.
7.5 Closed cars placarded Explosives shall have
doors closed before they are moved. Such
cars in the process of loading or unloading
must not be switched unless the contents are
properly braced.
7.6 Placarded loaded tank cars or a draft including such cars must not be cut off in switching
operations until the preceding car or cars
have cleared the lead track, and cars must
not be allowed to follow placarded loaded
tank cars until they in turn are clear of the
lead. When placarded loaded tank cars are to
be controlled by hand brakes, the brakes
must be tested and determined to be in good
working order before cars are cut off.
17 SEC 8 7.7 Cars placarded Explosives should be so
placed in yards or sidings that they will be
safe from all probable danger of fire and
provision made for quick removal and isolation in case of fire. Such cars must neither be
placed under bridges nor overhead highway
crossings, nor in or alongside passenger
sheds or stations except for loading or unloading purposes. Engines on parallel track
must not stand opposite or near them.
7.8 Placarded cars which have been on fire due
to hot journals or other cause, shall not be
transported, except to the extent necessary
to facilitate fire fighting, until it has been
determined that there is no fire remaining in
the car.
7.9 Instructions Governing the Switching of
Tank Cars Loaded with Flammable Compressed Gases.
a) FLAT SWITCHING
1. During all flat switching operations, unless otherwise directed all tanks loaded
with flammable compressed gas must be
shoved to a coupling or to rest.
2. The first car following tank cars loaded
with flammable compressed gas into any
track must be shoved to a coupling or to
rest.
3. If readily available, a loaded car rather
than an empty car, should be placed next
to a tank car loaded with flammable compressed gas.
o
o
ii
SEC. 8 18 b) ALYTH AND ST-LUC HUMP YARDS
1. Loaded tank cars containing flammable
compressed gas must be released from the
hump in single car cuts.
2. All cars following a tank car containing
flammable compressed gas into a track
must be released from the hump in single
car cuts unless shoved to a coupling by an
engine.
3. An empty or lightly loaded car is not to be
switched next to a loaded tank car containing flammable compressed gas, if it
can be avoided.
c) WINNIPEG HUMP YARD
1. Loaded tank cars containing flammable
compressed gas must be released from the
hump in single car cuts unless located in
other than the lead position in the cut or
unless shoved to rest or shoved to a
coupling.
2. The car immediately following a tank car
containing flammable compressed gas
into a track must be released as a single
car cut unless car or cut of cars is shoved
to a coupling.
3. Yard crews must ensure that a tank car
loaded with flammable compressed gas
runs or is moved far enough to couple to
cars standing in a track. They must also
ensure that the following car allowed into
the track runs or is moved far enough to
couple to the tank car loaded with flammable compressed gas. Car or cut of cars
may be shoved to a coupling.
d) TORONTO HUMP YARD
1. All tank cars loaded with flammable compressed gas are to be flat switched out of
19 SEC 8 o
inbound trains before those trains are
humped.
2. Such tank cars loaded with flammable
compressed gas that have been flat
switched out of inbound trains must be
flat switched into the pull down end of
classification tracks.
e) The following commodities are in the
category of flammable compressed gases:
Butane
Butane (butane, impure for further
refining)
Butadiene, inhibited (butadiene, from
alcohol)
Butadiene, inhibited (butadiene from
petroleum)
Butadiene, inhibited (butadiene, impure for further refining)
Carbon Monoxide
Compressed Gases, n.o.s. (dispersant
gases, n.e.c, flammable)
Compressed Gases, n.o.s. (isobutene)
Compressed Gases, n.o.s. (refrigerants,
liquid, n.e.c, flammable)
Cyclopropane
Dimethylamine, anhydrous
Dimethyl ether
Dufluoroethane
Dufluoromonochloroethane
Ethane
Fluorine
Hydrocarbon gas, Liquefied I
Hydrocarbon gas, Nonliquefied
Hydrogen
Hydrogen, Liquefied
Hydrogen Sulphite
Isobutane
SEC. 8 20 o
Isobutane (isobutane for further refining processing)
Liquefied Petroleum Gas
Liquefied Petroleum Gas (butane gas,
liquefied)
^ Liquefied Petroleum Gas (pintsch gas)
Methane
Methylacetylene propadiene, stabilized
Methyl chloride
Methyl Mercaptan
Monomethylamine, anhydrous
Propane
Propylene
Trifluorochloroethylene
Trimethylamine, anhydrous
Vinyl chloride
Vinyl Fluoride, inhibited
Vinyl Methyl Ether, inhibited
8.0 Train Marshalling
8.1 Cars placarded Explosives, Poison Gas or
Flammable Poison Gas and tank cars placarded Dangerous must not be transported
in a passenger train, except on a line where
there are no regular trains operating in
freight service only.
8.2 Cars Placarded Explosives:
a) When length of the freight or mixed train
permits, such car must be placed not
nearer than sixteenth car from both the
engine or occupied caboose.
b) When length of freight or mixed train will
not permit it to be so placed, it shall be
near the middle of train.
c) When moving in a freight or mixed train
performing pick-up and/or set-off service, it shall be placed not nearer than the
21 SEC. 8 second car from both the engine or occupied caboose.
d) In freight trains made up in blocks or
classifications, it shall be placed near the
middle of the block of classification in
which moving, but not nearer than the
sixth car from either the engine or occupied caboose.
e) Cars or flat cars carrying trailers or containers placarded "Explosives" must not
be handled next to: -
- car placarded Dangerous or Dangerous-Radioactive Material:
- car placarded Poison Gas or Flammable Poison Gas;
- engine;
- wooden underframe car;
- a loaded flat car, except flat cars carrying trailers or containers placarded
Explosives, as authorized by the Regulations, may be coupled to each
other;
- open top car when any of the lading
protrudes beyond the car ends, or
when any of the lading extending
above the car ends is liable to shift so
as to protrude beyond the car ends;
- a car equipped with automatic refrigeration or heating apparatus in operation or a car with open flame apparatus in service or with internal
combustion engine in operation;
- car containing lighted heaters, stoves
or lanterns;
- occupied caboose, passenger or combination car other than when occupied by gas handlers or military
personnel accompanying shipment.
SEC 8 22
o
o 8.3 Cars Placarded Explosives, Poison Gas and
Flammable Poison Gas:
Such cars, when accompanied by car carrying guards or gas handling crews, shall be
next to and ahead of the car occupied by the
guards or gas handling crews accompanying
the car, except that when the car occupied by
guards or gas handling crews is equipped
with a lighted heater or stove, it shall be the
fourth car behind a car or cars requiring
Explosives placards.
8.4 Placarded Loaded Tank Cars:
a) When length of freight or mixed train
permits, such cars must be six cars from
engine, occupied caboose or passenger
car, but in no case nearer than the second
car from engine, occupied caboose or
passenger car, except where the entire
train consists of placarded loaded tank
cars.
b) WJien transported in a freight train engaged in "pick-up" or "set-off service, a
placarded loaded tank car shall be not
nearer than the second car from both
engine or occupied caboose.
c) Loaded placarded tank cars must not be
handled next to:
- car placarded Explosives;
- engine or occupied caboose, (except
when train consists only of loaded
,     j placarded tank cars);
- cars placarded Poison Gas or Flammable Poison Gas;
- wooden under-frame car;
- loaded flat car, other than trailer-on-
flat-car, container-on-flat-car, tri-lev-
el and bi-level cars and other cars
23 SEC 8 o
specially equipped with tie-down devices for handling vehicles. (Note:
Permanent end bulkhead flat cars are
considered the same as open top cars);
- open top car when any of the lading
protrudes beyond the car ends or
when any of the lading extending
above the car ends is liable to shift so
as to protrude beyond the car ends;
- cars, trailers, containers or truck bodies on flat car with open flame apparatus in service, with internal combustion engines in operation, or with
automatic refrigeration or heating apparatus in operation;
- cars, trailers, containers or truck bodies on flat car containing lighted heaters, stoves or lanterns except when car
is occupied by gas handlers or authorized personnel accompanying
shipment;
- car loaded with live animals or fowl,
occupied by an attendant;
- occupied passenger or combination
car other than when occupied by gas
handlers or authorized personnel accompanying shipment.
NOTE: ROBOT CONTROLLED LOCOMOTIVES
Placarded cars, trailer or container loads of
any regulated dangerous commodity must
be separated from the operating robot or
remote controlled locomotive(s) by at least
one non-placarded car, except where the
entire train consists of placarded loaded
tank cars.
SEC. 8 24 o
8.5 Except when train consists only of placarded
loaded tank cars, and providing train length
permits, placarded cars, trailer or containers
containing dangerous commodities must not
be marshalled nearer than the second car
from engine or occupied caboose.
8.6 As an aid in determining proper train marshalling of Dangerous Commodities, refer to
Placard Chart With Group Numbers, page
29 and Train Marshalling Chart, page 30.
9.0 Explosives
9.1 Closed cars placarded Class A Explosives
must have car certificates Form 1084 affixed.
(See item 5.6)
9.2 High quality cars only must be placed for
loading of Class A Explosives. (See item 2.3)
9.3 Carload shipments of Class A Explosives
must not be accepted from shippers with a
request to stop-off enroute for partial loading or unloading.
9.4 Shipments of Explosives must not be unloaded by train crews at non-agency stations
unless the consignee is there to receive them
or unless properly locked and secure storage
facilities are provided.
9.5 Delivery at agency stations: consignee must
remove shipments of Explosives and other
dangerous commodities from carrier's property within 48 hours after notice of arrival
has been given.
9.6 Class A Explosives must not be transported
in any self-propelled car operated by electric
or other motive power, if such car is carrying
passengers.
25 SEC 8 o
10.0 Radioactive Material
10.1 In the event of breakage of container, accident, fire or unusual delay involving a shipment of Radioactive Material labelled Radioactive Material or placarded Dangerous-
Radioactive Material, the car and any loose
Radioactive Material must be isolated from
human contact and no persons must be
allowed to remain near car or contents until
qualified persons are available to supervise
handling. The Canadian Transport Commission, shipper and the Bureau of Explosives must be notified immediately.
10.2 Cars, buildings, areas, or equipment in
which Radioactive Materials have been
spilled must not be placed in service or
occupied until decontaminated by qualified
persons.
10.3 The amount of radiation from a substance
cannot be determined either by its appearance or by its volume, and must be determined by instruments or measuring device.
10.4 General Precautions:
a) Until the extent of the hazard can be
determined, keep all persons the greatest
practicable distance away.
b) Trains or vehicles may be allowed to pass
if they can do so safely without stopping
in the suspected area and without scattering spilled material.
c) If Radioactive Material is involved in fire
or spillage, avoid exposure to smoke,
fumes or dust.
d) Get names and addresses of persons who
may have been in contact with spilled
material and take precautions to avoid
further spreading spilled material.
SEC 8 26 e) If Radioactive Material has been submerged as a result of an accident, all
persons must be kept as far away from the
area as is practicable until qualified persons are available to direct the removal of
the submerged material.
11.0 Precautions for Loading and Unloading Tank
Cars
11.1 Tank cars containing dangerous commodities must have caution signs so placed on the
track or car as to give necessary warning to
persons approaching car from open end or
ends of tracks and must be left up until after
car is loaded or unloaded and disconnected
from discharge connection.
11.2 Such signs must be at least 12x15 inches in
size and bear the words "STOP TANK CAR
CONNECTED" or "STOP-MEN AT
WORK" and the word "STOP" must be in
letters at least four inches high and the other
words in letters at least two inches high. The
letters must be white on a blue background.
11.3 The party loading or unloading the tank car
is responsible for placing and removing
these signs.
11.4 Tank cars thus protected must not be coupled to or moved.
11.5 The outlet valve must not be opened until the
tank car is properly protected by these signs.
11.6 Other cars must not be placed on the same
track so as to intercept the view of these
signs, without first notifying the party who
placed the signs.
11.7 Before signs are removed, even temporarily,
the party authorized to remove them must
27 SEC 8 securely close the outlet valve of the tank car.
11.8 While such tank cars are being loaded or
unloaded, the party responsible shall keep
the hand brakes applied and the wheels at
both ends of the car shall be blocked on the
rails.
11.9 The loading or unloading of tank cars will be
performed during daylight hours, except in
case where wireguard protected vapor proof
type electric lights or vapor proof electric
flash lights are provided. Open flame lanterns, or other exposed flame lights or fires
must not be used or permitted during loading or unloading operations. Flood lighting
at a safe distance is permitted.
11.10 Unloading connections must be securely
attached to unloading pipes on dome or to
bottom discharge outlets before discharge
valves are opened.
11.11 Tank cars must not be allowed to stand with
connections attached after loading or unloading is completed, and throughout the
entire period of loading or unloading, or
while car is connected to unloading device,
the tank car must be attended by the loader
orunloader.
11.12 If necessary to discontinue loading or unloading a tank car for any reason, all connections must be disconnected. All valves
must first be tightly closed, and the closures
of all other openings securely applied.
11.13 Loading and unloading tracks for tank cars
are to be grounded as outlined in C.T.C.
General Order No. E-16.
SEC. 8 28
o
o SECTION 9
O
INSTRUCTIONS     PERTAINING     TO
DIESEL UNITS AND RAIL DIESEL CARS
1.0 General
1.1 Fire protection appliances must not be damaged in any way.
1.2 Steam generator separator blowdown valve
must not be operated at or near stations or
other locations where there is danger of
scalding persons and should not be operated
when freezing weather prevails at locations
where resulting ice accumulation will cause
hazardous conditions, particularly at
switches, interlocking or where signal mechanisms are located.
1.3 In case of mishap or fire to diesel units or rail
diesel cars, the engines and fuel pumps
should be stopped, emergency fuel cutoffs
tripped and battery switches opened as soon
as possible.
1.4 When passing over railway crossings at
grade protected by interlocking block signals, the throttle on locomotive consists
should be placed in first to fifth notch, consistent with speed restrictions to prevent
damage to electrical equipment from
flashovers.
1.5 In case of injury or death resulting from an
accident involving a steam generator or
diesel engine, the parts of equipment involved should, if possible be left undisturbed
until after inspection.
SEC. 9 1.6 Employees must not place feet on any valve,
wheel or handle to avoid turning same acci-
dently, nor on front door or panel to prevent
scuffing of paint.
1.7 Before working in the engine room or electrical cabinets, employees should shut down
engine and open battery switch unless re- (
quired for test or inspection.
1.8 Air Box hand-hole covers must not be removed while the engine is running.
1.9 Engine base doors must not be opened within half hour after shutting the engine down,
except to permit inspection immediately
following initial engine start up after engine
overhaul.
1.10 When necessary to enter separate radiator
compartment, employees must first shut the
engine down.
1.11 The opening of engine compartment doors
on road switcher units in motion is prohibited except in case of emergency.
1.12 When locomotive consists are in motion,
personnel may move from one unit to an
adjoining unit only when both units are
equipped with communicating walkways or
vestibules. On units equipped with hinged
walkways, the walkways should be in the
raised position, with safety chains in place,
when single unit is operated or when coupled
to other units not equipped with communicating walkways or vestibules.
1.13 To ensure operation of the safety control,
pressure of the foot on the foot pedal is
mandatory; any other means is prohibited.
SEC 9
o o
1.14 Locomotive consists of more than one unit
must not exceed twenty-five miles per hour
when making backward movements, unless
controlled from the unit leading the
movement.
When an engine consist of three or more
units is required to make a back-up movement, a member of the crew must be on the
leading unit in direction of movement and in
position from which signals necessary to the
movement can be properly given. Crew
member must also be in position to warn
persons standing on, or crossing, or about to
cross the track.
1.15 Movements not headed by an engine or an
engine not equipped with a pilot on the
leading end, in the direction of motion, must
not exceed twenty-five miles per hour.
1.16 Diesel units of different gear ratios may be
coupled and operated together. When this is
done, it will be the responsibility of those in
charge of the train to see that speed of train is
restricted to that of the lowest geared unit in
the train, including those being moved idling
or dead.
1.17 Within block and interlocking signal
systems should locomotive consists or rail
diesel cars be stopped on sand, whether
sanders are operated manually or automatically, they must be moved off the sanded rail
immediately to ensure proper operation of
the signal system. If they cannot be moved,
flag protection prescribed by Uniform Code
of Operating Rule 99 for OUTSIDE ABS
TERRITORY must be provided.
SEC 9 1.18 Diesel units should not be operated through
water of a depth of more than three inches
above top of rail. They may be operated
through water if the depth is three inches or
less above top of rail, but at a speed not
exceeding three miles per hour. Should it be
necessary for a diesel unit to be operated or
handled through water above rail level, report must be made at the first terminal.
1.19 In all instances where diesel units or rail
diesel cars are required to be set out on line,
hand brakes must be applied and it must be
known that the brake will hold the units or
cars. If hand brake is inoperative, the unit or
car must be coupled to equipment having
operative hand brakes which must be applied. Doors should be locked, using coach
key. If window locks provided, side windows
must be locked from the inside.
1.20 Diesel units or rail diesel cars must not be
stopped over open flame switch heaters unless absolutely unavoidable in which case
they should be moved off promptly or switch
heaters extinguished.
2.0 Maximum Number of Diesels to be Coupled
Together in One Consist
2.1 A basic consist is the number of diesel units
which may be coupled together, providing
current timetable permits, and is limited by
the number of driving axles as follows:
o
SEC. 9 Maximum
Driving
2.2 ON  RAIL WEIGHING LESS     Axles
THAN 100 lbs. PER YARD  16
There are no exceptions to this rule except as
specially authorized in writing by the Chief
Engineer.
2.3 ON RAIL WEIGHING 100 lbs.
PER YARD OR MORE
— Basic consists comprising a com
bination of units, some with and
some without, or all without
coupler alignment control .... 20
— Basic consists comprising a com
bination of units all with coupler
alignment control     24
— In pusher service between Rogers
and Glacier, subject to specified
restriction as to location of units
in the train, and provided all are
6-axle units with coupler alignment control   30
NO ADDITIONAL UNITS
ARE TO BE COUPLED TO
THIS PUSHER CONSIST
2.4 COUPLER ALIGNMENT CONTROLS
The following locomotive classes are
equipped with coupler alignment controls:
All DRF, DRS-20, DRS-22, DRS-24 except
unit 8921, DRS-15c, DRS-15d and DRS-17
except Unit 8633.
2.5   ADDITIONAL UNITS TO
BASIC CONSISTS IN ITEM 2.3
On rail weighing 100 lbs. per yard or more,
unless prohibited by timetable instruction,
additional dead, isolated or operating units
may be added to the rear of the basic consist
5 SEC 9 up to the following total number of coupled
units:
8 units of 1800 HP or less,
10 units of mixed low and high HP units, or
12 units of 2000 HP or over.
The following precautions and restrictions
must be observed:
The weight of the dead or isolated units must
be included in the weight of the train.
The total train tonnage must not exceed the
haulage capacity of the basic consist.
Extreme care must be taken when starting
and accelerating trains to prevent a separation or a derailment on curves caused by
excessive draft forces.
When seven or more units are coupled
together the automatic brake is to be used
instead of the independent brake for controlling locomotive speed. The independent
brake will be used to hold the locomotive
when stationary.
If the added units are to be operated for
traction, the PC feature must be checked for
operation.
Except as otherwise restricted, full available
dynamic braking may be used with up to a
maximum of four units. When more than
four units are coupled in multiple control,
the dynamic brake must be cut-in on the lead
unit and up to three units next to train or
next to dead or isolated units added to the
basic consist. Units required to have the
dynamic brake cut out that are not equipped
with a cut-out switch, must be isolated.
o
o
SEC. 9 o
SPECIAL RESTRICTIONS WEST OF
CALGARY AND FORT MACLEOD:
The basic consist in item 2.3 must not be
exceeded unless all units have alignment
control couplers and dynamic brake cut out
switches.
2.6 If weight of rail or current timetable limits
the number of diesel units which may be
coupled together, extra dead or disabled
units must be marshalled in the train according to Section 9, Subsection 3.0, item 3.3.
2.7 Restrictions in Backup
and Pushing Movements
— train brakes must be released before applying power.
— use only enough power to start the locomotive and keep it moving very slowly
until the entire train or cut of cars has
started after which power may be gradually increased as required.
— observe the loadmeter and note slight
variations in current as slack closes.
Watch for any unusual changes in amperage which may be the result of train buckling. If this is observed, promptly apply
the independent brake and close the
throttle.
The following restrictions apply when it is
necessary to handle fifty or more cars in a
backup movement, shoving movement, doubling over, or any occasion when a diesel
consist pushes a train or cars:
— on upgrades, curves or through turnouts:
no more than twelve powered axles may
be Used.
7 SEC 9 o
— on straight and level track:
no more than eighteen powered axles may
be used.
— when isolating working units to limit powered axles:
isolate units starting at the second unit of
the consist and use as operating units the
lead unit and units closest to the train or
cars to push the movement.
2.8  ASSISTING ENGINES
Except as provided in special instructions,
when an assisting engine consist exceeds
eight working axles and cannot operate as
part of the basic consist on the head end, it
must be cut into the train behind sixty percent (60%) of the permissible tonnage for the
lead engine.
Trains or movements handling equipment
restricted to rear-end movement only must
)   not be assisted by an engine coupled behind
the restricted equipment.
3.0 Instructions Concerning the Movement of
Disabled or Dead Diesel Units in Trains
3.1 Speed restrictions for disabled and dead
diesel units are governed by gear ratio of
diesel units or bridge and track limitations
outlined in timetables and special instructions, except that diesel units equipped with
solid journal bearings, when being delivered
new or after having undergone a truck overhaul or wheel replacement, are limited to
thirty miles per hour for the first 100 miles,
or over the first subdivision, whichever is
greater.
SEC. 9 o
3.2 If diesel units are damaged or become defective, but are not rendered inoperative, they
must be handled at a speed authorized by the
Superintendent.
3.3 Dead or disabled diesel units that cannot be
placed at the head end of a train to comply
with Section 9, subsection 2.0, must be separated from the locomotive consist handling
the train and from other diesel units by at
least six loaded cars, but in no case should a
dead or disabled unit be more than sixteen
cars from the locomotive consist handling
the train, except that two diesel units may be
coupled together.
WEST OF CALGARY AND FORT
MACLEOD, dead, disabled and isolated
units without alignment control couplers,
marshalled in the train, must be separated
from each other by at least three loaded cars.
3.4 Dead diesel units in every instance must be
accompanied by waybill, except when being
moved to first terminal after failure on the
line.
3.5 The appropriate mechanical officer at the
originating point must notify the chief dispatcher, storekeeper and yardmaster in writing of the movement of dead diesel units
specifying speed restrictions, if any, that are
to be observed. This information must be
stamped or written conspicuously on the
face of the waybill. The yardmaster at
EACH terminal, other than the originating
point, must notify the mechanical officer
who will be responsible for inspection of the
diesel unit. After being advised by the mechanical officer that the diesel unit is in a safe
9 SEC. 9 and suitable condition for movement, the
yardmaster must advise the chief dispatcher
of the restrictions required and secure his
authority as to the train in which the diesel
unit is to move. The chief dispatcher must
notify the connecting division of the movement and restrictions required, and the conductor and engineman of the train handling
the dead units must be notified in writing by
the train dispatcher.
3.6 When there is possibility of damage from
freezing, engine cooling water and steam
generator water must be drained from supply tanks and systems of dead diesel units
before shipping.
3.7 Except in emergency circumstances the air
brake system of all trailing units of a diesel
consist must be cut-in so as to respond to the
operation of the automatic and independent
brake valves in the controlling cab of the
consist. When it is necessary to dispatch a
consist with air brakes cut-out on part of the
consist, it may be done only to move the
consist to the first point where repairs can be
made. In this case the Engineman handling
the consist must be notified.
o
o
SEC. 9 10 SECTION 10
O
o
DUTIES OF ENGINEMEN
Taking Charge of and Before
Moving Diesel Locomotives:
1.0 Maintenance Points
1.1 Apply and release air brakes. Operate communicating signal on units in passenger service to ensure that it is in working order.
1.2 Test the operation and recovery of the safety
control foot pedal and know that it is cut in
and operating properly.
1.3 Check lights, including cab, hood, signal
(classification), headlight, back-up light and
ditch lights on engines so equipped, see that
they are all working.
1.4 Know that flagging equipment is on the unit
and in good order.
1.5 Know that fire extinguishers are in place on
each unit and seals not broken.
1.6 Check hand brakes to ascertain if properly
released.
1.7 Check that bell and whistle are in working
order.
2.0 Where No Shop Staff Is On Duty
2.1 Start up engines as precribed, if shut down.
2.2 See that air brake system is set up for the
required service.
2.3 Apply and release air brakes. Operate communicating signal on units in passenger service to ensure that it is in working order.
1 SEC 10 o
2.4 Test the operation and recovery of the safety
control foot pedal and know that it is cut in
and operating properly.
2.5 Check lights, including cab, hood, signal
(classification), headlight, back-up light and
ditch lights on engines so equipped, see that
they are all working.
2.6 Know that flagging equipment is on the unit
and in good order.
2.7 Know that fire extinguishers are in place on
each unit and seals not broken.
2.8 Check hand brakes to ascertain if properly
released.
2.9 Check that bell and whistle are in working
order.
2.10 Check that steam generator is operating as
required, including water supply.
2.11 On all units check the following:
That air hoses and jumper cables between
units are properly connected and that air
hoses not in use are hung up in dummy
couplings or places in receptacles provided.
Ensure walkway platforms and guard rail
chains are secured in proper position.
2.12 Inspect the running gear for visible defects.
2.13 Try sanders.
3.0 At a Run Through Point
3.1 Examine the work report of the incoming f
Engineman.
3.2 Check lights, including headlight, signal
(classification) lights, back-up light and
ditch lights on engines so equipped, see that
they are all working.
SEC. 10 2 o
3.3 Know that flagging equipment is on the unit
and in good order.
3.4 Check that bell and whistle are in working
order.
3.5 Make brake test as prescribed.
Before Leaving Diesel Units
When Going Off Duty:
4.0 At a Run Through Point
4.1 Complete Form M.P. 74.
4.2 Should relief crew not be present, follow
instructions given in items 5.1 and 5.2.
5.0 At Other Than a
Run Through Point—Unattended
Engines Left Running:
5.1 Open the generator field switch.
Move the selector handle or transition lever
to the OFF position.
Move the reverse handle to OFF position
and remove the handle.
5.2 Apply sufficient hand brakes firmly and test
their effectiveness. Leave automatic brake
valve cut in on controlling unit with handle
in Running or Release position and independent brake valve handle in full application
position.
5.3 Except where shop staffs or other authorized
persons are in attendance, if the unit is to be
left outside or in an unheated engine house in
freezing weather and terminal heating facilities are not available.
a) Know that all doors and windows are
closed.
3 SEC 10 b) See that the steam generator is operating
in RUN or LAYOVER in accordance
with instructions.
5.4  Complete Form M.P. 74.
6.0 Engines Shut Down
6.1 Open the generator field switch.
Move the selector handle or transition lever
to OFF position.
Move the reverse handle to OFF position
and remove the handle.
6.2 Apply sufficient hand brakes firmly and test
their effectiveness. Leave automatic brake
valve cut in on controlling unit with handle
in Running or Release position and independent brake valve handle in full application
position.
6.3 Shut down engines as prescribed.
6.4 Except where shop staffs or other authorized
persons are in attendance, if the unit is to be
left outside or in an unheated engine house in
freezing weather, know that all doors and
windows are closed and see that protective
heater, if provided, is operating properly
before leaving unit unattended. Drain units
in accordance with Form D.E. 102.
6.5 Complete Form M.P. 74.
Taking Charge of
Rail Diesel Car Consist:
7.0 At Maintenance Point
7.1 Apply and release air brakes and check the
operation and recovery of safety control foot
SEC 10 4
o
o pedal. Operate communicating signal to ensure that it is in working order. Check window defroster in winter months.
7.2 Check signal (classification) lights and headlight, and see they are in working order.
7.3 Know that flagging equipment is on the
RDC consist and in good order.
7.4 Know that hand brakes are released.
7.5 Check that bell and whistle are in working
order.
8.0 At a Run Through Point
8.1 Examine the work report of the incoming
engineman.
8.2 Check signal (classification) lights and headlight, and see they are in working order.
8.3 Know that flagging equipment is on the
RDC consist and in good order.
8.4 Check the bell and whistle are in working
order.
8.5 Know that hand brakes are released.
8.6 Make brake test as prescribed.
9.0 Where No Shop Staff Is On Duty
9.1 Start up engines as prescribed, if shut down.
9.2 Apply and release air brakes and check the
operation and recovery of safety control foot
pedal. Operate communicating signal to ensure that it is in working order.
9.3 On RDC consists exceeding 6 cars, or under
circumstances when the straight air brake is
cut out, the straight air train line cut out cock
must be open at the controlling end. The
dummy coupling used should be equipped
5 SEC 10 with a vent port to prevent build-up of air
pressure in the straight air pipe.
9.4 Check signal (classification) lights and headlight, and see they are in working order.
9.5 Know that flagging equipment is on the
RDC consist and in good order.
9.6 Know that hand brakes are released.
9.7 Check that bell and whistle are in working
order.
9.8 Blow out condensate from reservoirs.
9.9 Try sanders.
Before Leaving Rail Diesel Cars
When Going Off Duty
10.0 Other Than a Run Through Point
Engines left Running:
10.1 Apply hand brakes and test for effectiveness.
10.2 Place throttle and reverse levers in the off
position and remove handles. Leave master
plug applied.
10.3 Make a full straight air brake application
and leave brake valve handle in this position.
When RDC consist exceeds 6 cars or under
other circumstances when the straight air
brake is cut out, the straight air brake must
be cut in and the straight air train line pipe
cut-out cock at the controlling end of the
RDC consist closed.
10.4 See that signal (classification) lights and
headlights, including oscillating headlight
when provided, are extinguished.
SEC 10
o
o 10.5 Know that doors and windows are closed in
operating end.
10.6 Complete Form M.P. 74.
Engines shut Down:
o
10.7 Apply hand brakes and test for effectiveness.
10.8 Shut down engines as prescribed. Follow
instructions for draining engines and service
water in winter months when necessary.
10.9 Place throttle and reverse levers in off position and remove handles. Remove master
plug.
10.10 Make a full straight air brake application
and leave brake valve handle in that position. When RDC consist exceeds 6 cars, or
under other circumstances when the straight
air brake is cut out, the straight air brake
must be cut in and the straight air train line
pipe cut-out cock at the controlling end of
the RDC consist CLOSED.
10.11 See that signal (classification) lights and
headlights, including oscillating headlight
when provided, are extinguished.
10.12 Know that doors and windows are closed in
operating end.
10.13 Complete Form M.P. 74.
^
11.0 At a Run Through Point
11.1 Complete Form M.P. 74.
11.2   Should relief crew not be present follow
instructions given in items 10.1 to 10.13
inclusive.
-
7                       SEC 10
• o
THIS PAGE LEFT BLANK
INTENTIONALLY
o SECTION 11
O
DUTIES OF FIREMEN (HELPERS)
AND DEPORTMENT OF UNIFORMED
CONDUCTORS AND TRAINMEN
1.0 Duties of Firemen (Helpers)
1.1 The duties of Firemen (helpers) when employed on diesel units are as follows:
a) To assist the Engineman.
b) To comply with the provisions of the
Uniform Code of Operating Rules and
instructions relating thereto.
c) To operate the steam generator and its
appurtenances, and take water from facilities where no maintenance or shop staff
is employed. The advice or assistance of
the Engineman may be called upon, if
required.
1.2 It must be clearly understood that the Engineman, not the Fireman (helper) is responsible for the diesel unit or units in his care. A
Fireman (Helper) is not required to patrol
diesel units, except as directed by the Engineman or as may be required for the operation of steam generators.
1.3 Firemen (Helpers) are to go to engine rooms
only when requested by Enginemen or when
necessary to attend steam generators in use
heating trains.
2.0 Appearance and Deportment of
Uniformed Conductors
and Trainmen On Duty
2.1 Patrons of the railway form impressions as
to the efficiency of the employees and the
1 SEC 11 excellence of the service by the appearance
and deportment of men who are employed
on or about the Company's passenger trains.
2.2 Clothes should be kept cleaned, pressed and
in good repair. Plain white or light blue shirt
with dark blue or black four-in-hand or bow
tie and black shoes, properly polished, are to
be worn.
2.3 Conductors and Trainmen, must, at all
times, be clean shaven, have neatly trimmed
hair, and present a tidy appearance. Caps
must not be worn on the back or side of the
head and should be changed when they become crushed or frayed.
2.4 Uniformed men, whose coats are intended to
button, are to keep them buttoned at all
times, except that train Conductors and
sleeping car Conductors are exempted while
selling or collecting tickets.
2.5 When standing by trains to entrain or detrain passengers, employees should stand
erect, ready and attentive to assist passengers, using stepping boxes where provided
and necessary and taking every precaution
to avoid accident or injury.
2.6 Employees deadheading or off duty must
not visit with employees on duty, thereby
interfering with them in the performance of
their work.
2.7 Employees, while on duty in or about passenger stations, or on passenger cars, should
refrain from the use of chewing gum, etc
o
o
SEC. 11 SECTION 12
O
1.0 HANDLING OF LIVESTOCK
1.1 Method of handling livestock and the condition of cars furnished for the transportation
thereof is important. Packing companies,
livestock associations, railway companies
and stockyards are making every effort to
convey livestock from shipper to packing
house with a minimum of damage and loss,
due to bruising of livestock in transit.
1.2 It is important that all employees be fully
aware of the necessity of carefully inspecting
equipment and that defects such as loose or
protruding nails, bolts, broken slats, damaged floors etc., be corrected before the cars
are supplied or placed for loading.
1.3 Care must be exercised to ensure rough
couplings are not made when handling cars
containing livestock.
1.4 Defective or non-standard gang planks or
toe boards which do not fit closely into the
car doors should not be used. All such appliances should be inspected at frequent intervals and repairs effected at once.
1.5 Bruising may be caused by the use of rods,
sticks, canes or whips in loading and unloading animals; this practice must not be indulged in by employees, who should also
endeavour to prevent others from doing so.
Extreme care should be exercised in keeping
platforms and unloading docks, etc., in good
condition; when wet or icy, they should be
SEC 12 properly cleaned and sand or cinders sprinkled on such spots as well as in alleys where
the cattle are required to make a sharp turn
in order to get into the pen. If any injury does
occur from any cause, it should be promptly
reported to the Superintendent.
1.6 When spraying of hogs is performed, as
requested by shippers or consignees, a
steady stream of water is not to be directed
on the animals, but it is to be sprayed against
the ceiling of cars and allow to drip on the
animals.
1.7 Exchange of animals at stockyards is not
permissible. Employees observing or being
informed of such exchanges must promptly
report all available information to the railway representative in charge of yards.
1.8 In the case of all livestock shipments originating at or destined to any point on CP
Rail, or passing over any of its lines, the date
and hour at which said livestock was loaded
must be clearly shown on the waybill and
where livestock has been rested, fed and
watered in transit, the date, hour and place at
which it was last rested, fed and water must
also be shown on the waybill.
1.9 United States laws, violations of which provide for heavy penalties, prohibit confining
of livestock in cars for over TWENTY-
EIGHT HOURS, unless prevented by storm
or other accidental or unavoidable causes
which cannot be anticipated or avoided by
the exercise of due diligence and foresight,
except when the THIRTY-SIX hour release
(CPR Form 1090) is signed by the owner or
SEC 12
o person in charge of that particular shipment,
and notation made on the waybill accordingly in the place provided for this purpose on
the front of the waybill, in which event, the
time of confinement may be extended to
THIRTY-SIX HOURS.
SEC 12 o
THIS PAGE LEFT BLANK
INTENTIONALLY
o SECTION 13
^
PREVENTION AND EXTINGUISHING
OF FIRES ON OR IN THE VICINITY
OR RIGHT-OF-WAY.
1.0 General
1.1 It will be the duty of all officers and employees generally to take precaution to prevent fires on or along the Roadway of the
Company; to promptly extinguish and prevent spread of fires outside the right-of-way
and to investigate and report fires and probable cause thereof.
2.0 Conductors, Enginemen, Trainmen
and Other Employees Concerned
2.1 Conductors, enginemen, or trainmen who
discover or receive notice of the existence of
a fire burning upon or near the right-of-way,
or of a fire which threatens land adjacent to
the right-of-way, shall report the same by
wire, radio, telephone or other available
means to the superintendent, and shall also
report it to the agent or persons in charge at
the next point at which there shall be communication by telegraph or telephone, and
to the first section employees passed. Notice
to track forces of such fire shall also be given
immediately by engine whistle signal 14(r)
U.C.O.R.
2.2 No employee shall do or cause damage or
injury to any of the fire-protective appliances on any engine. Should a fire protective
appliance be used, mechanical forces must
SEC 13 o
be advised at first available point, so that
appliance may be replaced or recharged.
2.3 Live coals, or hot ashes shall not be deposited on the tracks, right-of-way or elsewhere
unless extinguished immediately thereafter,
except in pits provided for the purpose. On
no account shall ashes from cars or cabooses
be thrown out while running. Burning or
smouldering material taken from hot boxes
shall be completely extinguished. Freight
and passenger cars in which there are lighted
stoves must not be left spotted adjacent to
grain elevators, oil warehouses, diesel oil
bulk storage plants, fueling depots, loaded
tank cars or those containing explosives or
other dangerous commodities.
3.0 Agents, Dispatchers and Operators
3.1 Conductors, enginemen and trainmen have
received instructions to report all fires occurring on or adjacent to the right-of-way, and it
shall be your duty, on receiving such report,
to notify immediately by wire, radio or telephone the Superintendent, Roadmaster,
track maintenance foreman, nearest Forest
Officer and municipal fire department, if fire
is within municipal limits, giving the exact
location, by mileage, of the fire, its extent,
and any other information which may be of
value, particularly as to the number of men
needed to fight same. I
SEC. 13 4.0 Section Foremen, Extra Gang Foremen,
Bridge Foremen, Signal Maintainers,
Signal Foremen, Telegraph or
Other Construction Gangs,
and Other Track Employees.
4.1 In all cases where fire occurs, on or in the
vicinity of the right-of-way, it shall be your
duty to proceed immediately to such fire and
extinguish same, remaining as long as may
be necessary to do this. The carrying on of
your work, though it may be important, must
be set aside until the fire is completely extinguished, provided, however, that you are not
at the time engaged in labours immediately
necessary to the safety of trains. In case the
fire cannot be extinguished as above, additional help shall be immediately requested
by telegraph, telephone, telex, radio or any
other available means of communication, to
the Superintendent or Roadmaster. The Section Foreman on whose section the fire occurs, shall in the absence of an officer of the
Company, make a thorough investigation
regarding the origin of the fire and submit a
full report to the Roadmaster.
4.2 Between April 1 st and October 31 st, no ties,
cutting debris, or litter upon or near the
right-of-way shall be burned except under
such supervision as will prevent fire from
spreading beyond the strip being cleared.
Any officer of the Canadian Transport Commission may, at any time, require that no
such burning be done along specified portions of the line, except with the written
permission or under the direction of such
officer.
3 SEC 13 5.0 Superintendents, Roadmasters
and Other Officers Concerned
5.1 If the fire is of such ah extent that the section
gang, or other local force available cannot
control it unaided the Superintendent, or in
his absence, his representative, must immediately arrange for the dispatch of the roadmaster or other competent officer with the
necessary additional men who can be drawn
from those available in any department, and
all necessary fire-fighting appliances to the
scene of the fire, and must so arrange the
train service that they will reach the fire with
the least possible delay in order that no time
may be lost in getting it under control.
5.2 The officer in charge must also arrange to
obtain promptly complete statements from
all witnesses, so that origin or any responsibility for the fire can be accurately
determined.
INSTRUCTIONS IN THE
OPERATION OF FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
General
No employee shall break any seal, discharge or
partially discharge or otherwise tamper with fire
extinguishers on locomotives, cabooses, passenger
or boarding cars or other rolling stock except when
using the extinguisher in the prevention or extinguishment of fire. Any used extinguisher or those
with seals broken or missing, or where pressure
gauge reading on extinguisher is below acceptable
limits, should be reported promptly to supervisory
personnel.
SEC 13 600.    Soda-Acid Extinguisher
o
Jit
1. Lift extinguisher off hanger.
2. Carry extinguisher to fire.
3. At fire, turn extinguisher over.
4. Direct stream at base of flames.
5. DO NOT USE ON ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT OR FLAMMABLE LIQUID FIRES.
NOTE: This type extinguisher is obsolete and is
gradually being replaced.
SEC 13 601.   Water Extinguisher, Gas Cartridge
Operated and Pressurized Water.
o
1. Lift extinguisher off hanger.
2. Carry extinguisher to fire.
3. Operate mechanism that releases water and
direct stream at base of flames.
4. DO NOT USE ON ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT OR FLAMMABLE LIQUID FIRES.
o
SEC. 13 602.    Foam Extinguisher
n
O
1. Lift extinguisher off hanger.
2. Carry extinguisher to the fire.
3. At fire, turn extinguisher over.
4. If fire is in a container or tank, direct stream
against inside of opposite wall. If fire is on floor,
allow foam to fall gently on flames.
5. DO NOT USE ON ELECTRICAL
EQUIPMENT.
NOTE: This type extinguisher is obsolete and is
gradually being replaced.
SEC 13 603.   Carbon Dioxide Extinguisher
(CO2 Extinguisher)
1.
2.
3.
o
Remove extinguisher from bracket by grasping
handle. Carry to fire then press trigger to release
extinguishing agent.
Direct the discharge as close to the fire as
possible, applying first at edge and bottom of
fire and progressing forward and upward, moving discharge horn slowly from side to side.
Continue discharge even after the fire has been
extinguished to cool burnt materials and prevent possible reflash.
May be used on electrical equipment and
flammable liquid fires.
o
SEC. 13 604.    Halon 1211 Extinguishers
o
1. Remove extinguisher from bracket, carry to fire
and squeeze lever or press trigger to operate.
2. Direct discharge of gas as close to fire as practicable, applying first at edge and bottom of fire
and progressing forward, moving discharge
nozzle slowly from side to side.
3. May be used on electrical equipment, flammable liquid fires and the larger extinguishers may
also be used on fires involving ordinary combustible materials.
SEC 13 605.   Class "B-C" Type
Dry Chemical Extinguisher
(Dry Powder Extinguisher)
o
Remove extinguisher from bracket by grasping
handle with left hand. Carry to fire by means of
the handle and operate mechanism which releases gas pressure.
Direct discharge with a fast sweeping motion at
base of flame.
May be used on electrical equipment and
flammable liquid fires.
o
SEC. 13
10 606.    Class "ABC9 Type
Dry Chemical Extinguisher
(Dry Powder Extinguisher)
n
O
1. Remove extinguisher from bracket by grasping
handle with left hand. Carry to fire by means of
the handle and operate mechanism which releases gas pressure.
2. Direct discharge with a fast sweeping motion at
base of flame.
3. May be used on electrical equipment, flammable liquid fires and fires involving ordinary
combustible materials.
11
SEC. 13 607.    Pump Tank Extinguisher
o
1. Place foot on the foot rest at bottom of tank.
2. Pump stroke need not be more than six to eight
inches in length.
3. Direct stream at base of flames.
4. Follow flames and work around fire if possible.
5. DO NOT USE ON ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT OR FLAMMABLE LIQUID FIRES.
o
SEC. 13
12 608.    Water Extinguisher, back pack pump type
o
1. Place extinguisher comfortably on back.
2. Hold slide-action pump in left hand. Grasp
hand-grip below nozzle in right hand and pump
back and forth.
3. Direct stream at base of flames upwind from
fire.
4. Work around fire extinguishing flame path.
5. DO NOT USE ON ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT OR FLAMMABLE LIQUID FIRES.
13
SEC. 13 o
THIS PAGE LEFT BLANK
INTENTIONALLY
o SECTION 14
INSTRUCTIONS TO BE OBSERVED
IN CASES OF PERSONAL INJURY
1.0 General
1.1 Apply artificial respiration if breathing is
not apparent. (See Subsections 18.0, 19.0
and 20.0)
1.2 Stop all bleeding. (See Subsection 2.0)
1.3 Do not move the injured person until the
extent of injury is known, except when
necessary to protect him from further injury.
1.4 Use a stretcher, if obtainable, to move a
person with a severe injury. Any injured limb
must be carefully supported. (See Subsection 21.0)
1.5 Call the nearest physician or hospital emergency department in cases of severe injury.
(See Subsection 22.0)
NOTE: Company Approved Medical Examiners are listed in the time-table.
1.6 Sips of water, milk, warm sweet tea or coffee
may be given, if necessary, if there is no
severe bleeding, internal bleeding, stomach
injury or displaced fracture. Give nothing by
the mouth if the patient is unconscious or if
he may require an emergency operation. Do
not give alcohol except on the advice of a
doctor.
1.7 If the patient is in a state of convulsion his
head should be supported and he must be
prevented from biting his tongue or striking
objects near him, but his movements should
1 SEC. 14 not be completely checked. Keep the air
passages free from any obstruction.
1.8 Do not allow bystanders to crowd about an
injured person.
1.9 Do not leave an injured person until another
responsible person has been placed in f
charge, unless it is unavoidable.
1.10 In all cases of personal injury the Superintendent must be advised as promptly as
possible on the prescribed form, and by wire
if necessary, giving full particulars of the
nature and cause of the injury and the condition of the injured person.
2.0 BLEEDING
Small Wounds
2.1 Cover a small wound with a firm dressing to
stop bleeding and prevent infection and, if
possible, elevate the bleeding part. However
a) Do not breathe, cough or talk into the
wound.
b) Keep the fingers out of the wound.
c) Do not touch the side of the dressing to be
applied against the wound.
d) Do not apply antiseptics to the wound.
2.2 Apply extra dressings and direct pressure by
hand, if necessary, to control the bleeding.
2.3 If the bleeding is so severe that there is no
time to obtain a dressing, direct pressure
may be applied on the wound with the
thumb or palm of the hand.
Dressings to Control Bleeding
2.4 A dressing should be a thick pad of soft,
clean material large enough to cover the
SEC. 14 2 wound. It may be held in place by a bandage
or adhesive tape. Suitable dressings are listed below in order of preference: —
Prepared Improvised
1. Field dressing      1. Sanitary napkin.
2. Sterile gauze.       2. Folded handkerchief.
3. Several layers      3. Towel or wash cloth,
of a sterile 4. Any cotton or linen
bandage material, such as a
shirt or sheet, torn
to size.
5. Tissue paper, handkerchiefs or paper
towels.
2.5 An improvised dressing should be replaced
by a suitable dressing, if deemed advisable,
after bleeding is controlled. Absorbent cotton should not be used unless absolutely
necessary. If used, it should be wrapped in
sterile gauze or otherwise prevented from
coming in direct contact with the wound.
Bandages
2.6 Bandages should be clean, and applied firmly enough to stop the bleeding but not so
tightly that circulation of the blood is prevented. Suitable bandages are listed
below: -
Prepared Improvised
1. Bandages - roller 1. Strip of sheeting
and triangular.     2. Clothing - shirt sleeve.
2. Surgical adhesive stocking,
tape. scarf.
tie.
belt.
SEC. 14 Foreign Bodies
2.7 Remove loose foreign bodies before applying a dressing. Do not attempt to remove
embedded foreign bodies.
Large Wounds
2.8 Cover large wounds, or those containing
foreign bodies which cannot easily be removed, or where projecting broken bones
are apparent, with pad dressings (Illustration 1). Build up the dressings in "ring"
fashion around the wound, to allow pressure
to be applied by the bandage.
o
Illustration 1
2.9 The dressings must be firmly bandaged in
position, but pressure on the foreign body or
projecting broken bone should be avoided
(Illustration 2).
o
SEC. 14 r\
Illustration 2
Amputations
2.10 If pressure at the site does not control bleeding, immediately apply a very tight constrictive bandage above the stump of the wound.
If the amputation occurred below the elbow
or below the knee, a constrictive bandage
should be applied above these joints. This
should be released every fifteen minutes
until fresh bleeding occurs, and then reapplied. If possible, the injured limb should
be elevated.
SEC 14 3.0 Shock
3.1 A person suffering a severe injury may also
require treatment for shock. The patient
must be laid on the back with his head low
and any tight clothing loosened. The heat of
the body must be preserved by covering the
patient with coats or blankets, and he should
be taken to shelter on a stretcher as soon as
possible.
4.0 Burns
4.1 Do not remove the patient's clothing, and do
not break any blisters.
4.2 If possible, immerse the burned part in cold
water and keep it there until pain ceases.
When immersion is not possible, towels or
cloths soaked in clean cool water and
changed frequently may be applied to the
affected area.
4.3 Cover the burned are with clean dressings
and bandage firmly, except that if blisters
are present or suspected the bandage should
be applied lightly.
4.4 Any burn larger than the palm of the patient's hand must be considered as severe,
the patient treated for shock, and medical
aid obtained as soon as possible.
NOTE:
The early appearance of a burn is often
misleading as to its severity, and doubtful
cases must be considered as severe.
4.5 Do not apply ointments, grease or oil to a
severe burn.
o
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SEC. 14 o
5.0 Broken Bones
5.1 A broken bone should be suspected if there is
severe pain and tenderness, or if the injured
part appears deformed or cannot be used. In
many cases the injured person will know if he
heard or felt the bones snap. Doubtful cases
must be treated for broken bones.
5.2 In all cases of broken bones the injured part
must be prevented from moving by the use of
bandages, splints or other adequate support.
In many cases, the sound part of the body
may be used to reinforce the splint. Bandages must be tied on the side of the body
away from the broken bone. Splints may be
improvised from pieces of wood, handles of
tools or flags, firmly folded time tables or
newspapers, or anything that is long and
strong enough to prevent the joints immediately above and below the broken bone from
moving. Splints should, if practicable, be
padded to fit comfortably to the limb, be of
ample width, and be applied over the
clothing.
5.3 A person with a suspected broken back, hip
or thigh should only be moved lying down,
preferably on a stretcher, in the face up
position.
5.4 Be prepared to treat the injured person for
shock in all cases of broken bones.
SEC. 14 6.0 Broken Arm
6.1 When the elbow can be bent without difficulty or increasing pain (Illustration 3):-
a) Do not remove patient's coat.
b) Place the injured arm against the chest,
with the fingers just touching the opposite
shoulder, and provide adequate padding.
c) Fix the hand in position with a collar and
cuff sling, taking care that there is no
constriction at the wrist.
d) Secure the arm to the chest firmly by two
bandages, one with its upper border level
with the top of the shoulder, the other
with its lower border level with the tip of
the elbow, and tie both bandages on the
opposite side.
6.2 When the elbow cannot be bent without
difficulty or increasing pain:-
a) Place the injured arm by the side with the
palm against the thigh, and provide adequate padding.
b) Secure the arm to the body by three broad
bandages, one around the upper arm and
body, one around the elbow and body,
and one around the wrist and thighs.
c) The injured person must be moved lying
down.
o
o
SEC. 14 o
Illustration 3
7.0 Broken Wrist (Illustration 4)
7.1 For emergency treatment to a broken wrist,
or a fracture near the wrist, do not apply a
collar cuff sling.
SEC 14 Illustration 4
7.2 Support the forearm and wrist by placing
them in the most comfortable position.
7.3 Immobilize the forearm and wrist by use of
a splint along the palm side or around the
forearm.
7.4 Support the forearm in an arm sling and
secure the upper limb to the chest by a broad
bandage applied over the arm sling.
8.0 Broken Leg or Thigh (Illustrations 5 and 6)
8.1 Steady and support the injured limb, and
bring the uninjured limb gently to the side of
the injured one.
8.2 Place a well-padded splint between the
limbs, extending from the groin to the foot.
For a fracture of the thigh, also apply a
well-padded splint to the outside of the
body, extending from just below the armpit
to the foot.
o
SEC. 14
10 o
8.3 Apply a bandage around the ankles in the
form of a figure-of-eight.
8.4 Use a broad bandage to hold the knees
together.
8.5 Apply two further bandages (narrow or
broad according to the size of the patient),
one above and one below the break in the
bone. For a fractured thigh, also secure the
splint by bandages just below the armpits
and around the legs and around the pelvis in
line with the hip joint.
Illustration 5
Illustration 6
11
SEC. 14 9.0 Broken Knee-cap (Illustration 7)
9.1 Lay the injured person on his back, with
head and shoulders slightly raised and well
supported.
9.2 Apply a splint along the back of the leg
reaching from the buttock (seat) to beyond
the heel.
9.3 Provide adequate padding, particularly under the natural hollow of the ankle to raise
the heel from the splint, and secure the splint
by bandages around the thigh.
9.4 Secure the splint by the following bandages:
- figure of eight around the ankle and foot;
- broad bandage around the thigh;
- broad bandage around the lower leg taking care not to apply direct pressure on
the knee-cap.
9.5 Keep the injured limb supported in a raised
position.
o
Illustration 7
o
SEC. 14
12 10.0 Broken Collarbone (Illustration 8)
10.1 Take two triangular bandages folded
narrow.
10.2 Pass each narrow bandage under one armpit.
Encircle the same shoulder and tie each
^^ bandage in a reef knot.
10.3 Carry the free ends across the back over a
pad placed between the shoulder-blades. Tie
opposite ends together or secure with a third
bandage. As the knots are carefully tightened the shoulders are braced well back in
order to correct the over-riding of the broken
ends of the clavicle.
10.4 Support the arm on the injured side in a
triangular sling.
Illustration 8
13
SEC. 14 11.0 Broken Ribs
11.1 When the fracture is uncomplicated the First
Aider should proceed as follows:
a) Apply a broad bandage around the chest
to give support to the fractured ribs. This
must be removed if discomfort is caused.
Support the arm on the injured side in an
arm sling.
b) Remove the casualty to a medical facility
in a sitting position unless prevented by
the presence of other serious injuries.
11.2 When the fracture is complicated the First
Aider should proceed as follows (See Illustration 9):
a) Make any sucking wound air-tight
immediately.
b) Support the upper limb on the injured
side in a triangular sling.
c) Lay the casualty down with head and
shoulders raised and with the body inclined toward the injured side. Support
the casualty in this position by means of a
folded blanket.
d) Transport to a medical facility as a
stretcher case.
o
SEC. 14
Illustration 9
14 1
12.0 Broken Back or Neck
12.1 Prevent the injured person from moving and
keep him warm with coats or blankets.
12.2 If necessary to move him to shelter the patient must be carried lying down, face up, on
a rigid stretcher (a wide plank or door) with
adequate padding in the small of the back
and around the neck and head, so that the
back and neck are kept stiff and straight, and
movement is prevented. Great care must be
taken to avoid bending the patient, particularly when being placed on the stretcher.
12.3 The patient should be moved with the rescuers applying firm, gentle traction on his head
and feet.
13.0 Head Injuries
13.1 Apply a dressing to the wound. Ice packs or
cold water dressings may be used providing
there is no open wound.
13.2 If a skull fracture is suspected, the casualty
should lie face down with his head turned to
one side and the uppermost knee slightly
bent.
13.3 Do not give stimulants.
14.0 Eye Injuries
14.1 Whenever an eye becomes inflamed or painful from even a light injury, a doctor should
be consulted.
14.2 Prevent the patient from rubbing the eye.
15 SEC 14 14.3 A cinder or other foreign body in the eye may
be removed by gently brushing it with the
corner of a soft handkerchief moistened with
clean water. If the foreign body is under an
eyelid it may be brought into view by pulling
down the lower lid or turning the upper lid
over a wooden match stick laid along the
upper part of the lid.
14.4 When a foreign body is embedded in the
eyeball do not attempt to remove it. Proceed
as follows:
— cover the eye with a paper cup or a cardboard cone to prevent the object from
being driven further into the eye and to
provide a dressing around the eye.
— cover both eyes even though only one is
injured. This is important because when
only one eye is covered the wandering
movement of the other eye will cause the
covered eye to move, resulting in further
damage.
— immobilize the head by placing sandbags,
a folded blanket or the casualty's boots,
one on each side of the head.
— transport the casualty to a medical facility
at once as a stretcher case.
14.5 If the eye received a chemical burn, flush it
immediately with plenty of water, preferably
warm, for several minutes. Tilt the patient's
head back and drop water into his open eye
or else immerse his face in a pail of water,
telling him to keep the eye open and moving
from side to side. Then apply a soft pad of
gauze and bandage.
SEC 14 16
o o
15.0 Frostbite
15.1 Protect the patient from the weather but
warm him gradually, not in a hot room. Do
not rub the part which is frozen or apply
direct heat. If conscious, the patient should
be given warm fluids to drink. Minor frostbite will respond to first aid measures but
extensive freezing should receive medical
care as soon as possible, shoes being removed and tight clothing loosened
promptly.
16.0 Poison Ivy and Poison Oak
16.1 The only prevention is to avoid contact. If
contact occurs, wash the affected part with
plenty of soap and water as soon as possible
to remove the poison. Clothes may have
poison on them so change as soon as possible
and wash with soap and water.
17.0 Snake Bite
17.1 Have the casualty lie down.
17.2 Flush the wound with soapy water and wash
away any venom.
17.3 If bitten by a suspected poisonous snake,
immediately apply a constricting bandage to
the limb between the bite and the heart.
Make it tight enough to obstruct the veins so
that they become distended but not so tight
as to shut off the pulse in the arteries.
17.4 Keep the limb lowered, supported and immobilized if necessary.
17.5 Get the casualty to doctor's office or hospital
quickly.
17.6 If possible, have someone kill and secure the
snake for identification.
17 SEC 14 18.0 Artificial Respiration
18.1 In all cases where breathing has stopped,
whether due to electric shock, asphyxiation
from gas or fumes, apparent drowning or
other causes, it is vital to get the victim
breathing again as quickly as possible. Artificial respiration must be started at once,
even if some delay has occurred before the
victim is reached.
18.2 To carry on artificial respiration the services
of several persons are often required to relieve one another by turns. ARTIFICIAL
RESPIRATION MUST BE CONTINUED
PERSEVERINGLY UNTIL NATURAL
BREATHING IS RESTORED, UNLESS
A DOCTOR DECIDES THAT FURTHER
EFFORTS WILL BE OF NO AVAIL.
18.3 During and after artificial respiration the
victim should be covered with extra clothes
or blankets to keep him warm.
18.4 When breathing is restored, promote
warmth and attend to the patient's comfort.
Any other injury should be cared for, and the
victim treated to prevent shock. The breathing should be watched carefully to see that it
does not fail; if it does, artificial respiration
must be recommenced at once. If necessary
to move the victim, a stretcher must be used.
18.5 Two methods of artificial respiration are
explained in subsections 19.0 and 20.0. Although mouth to mouth resuscitation is preferred, the rescuers should use the method
with which they are most familiar.
SEC 14 18
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19.0 Mouth to Mouth Resuscitation
19.1 The method is carried out as follows: Clear
the mouth of any obstruction to breathing.
19.2 Lay the casualty on his back and kneel by the
side of the casualty's head.
19.3 Lift the neck with one hand and tilt the head
back with the other hand, so that the chin
points almost vertically upwards (Illustration 10).
19.4 Support the neck with one hand and pinch
the casualty's nose with the other to prevent
the escape of air (Illustration 11). The airway
to the lungs will now be fully open, unless it
contains foreign matter of some sort. In
some cases, it may be necessary to insert the
thumb into the mouth in order to hold the
tongue forward.
19.5 Take a deep breath. Place your mouth over
the casualty's mouth. Blow into his lungs,
causing his chest to rise (Illustration 12).
This movement may be seen by the rescuer
looking out of the corner of his eye. Turn
your head away to take another breath and
repeat the cycle (Illustration 13). In the
interval, air passively escapes from the casualty's lungs and may produce an audible
sound and the chest wall will fall.
19.6 The cycle should be repeated about every
five seconds for an adult, and every three
seconds for a child. The blowing will be less
strong for a child or baby, but in any event
should be strong enough to cause the casualty's chest to rise.
19 SEC. 14 o
Illustration 10
SEC. 14
Illustration 11
20
o r\
Illustration 12
Illustration 13
21
SEC. 14 20.0 Back pressure — arm lift method [Holger-
Nielsen method]:
20.1 Place the victim on his stomach and bend his
elbows, placing one hand upon the other.
Turn his face slightly to one side, with his
forehead on his hands, as shown in Illustration 14.
20.2 Kneel at the head of the victim, on one knee
or both knees, whichever is more comfortable. Take out false teeth or any other object
from the victim's mouth, and draw his
tongue forward.
20.3 Place hands on victim's back, fingers extended, tips of thumbs just touching, and heels of
hands just below a line between the arm-pits,
as in Illustration 15.
20.4 Keeping arms straight, swing forward slowly
with moderate, steady pressure for a count of
"one and two" (Illustration 16); this forces
air out of the lungs. Then slowly release the
pressure, counting "three".
20.5 Then lean back, grasping the victim's arms,
just above the elbows.
20.6 Draw his arms upward and toward you, until
you feel resistance, as in Illustration 17. This
act will last through a count of "four-and-
five", and aids in full expansion of the victim's lungs. Then replace arms in original
position and begin over again. These movements must be repeated about twelve times
per minute.
o
o
SEC. 14 22 n
Position of Casualty
and Operator
Illustration 14
Position of Casualty
and Operator
(diagrammatic)
Illustration 15
23
SEC 14 1st Movement
Count "One-Two"
o
Illustration 16
3rd Movement
Count "Four-Five"
Illustration 17
o
SEC. 14
24 o
21.0 Stretchers
21.1 A short improvised stretcher may be made
by turning the sleeves of a coat inside out.
Take two poles and pass one through each
sleeve, then button the coat. The patient may
then be carried on this, sitting up with his
back against the front bearer. For a patient
who must be kept lying down a longer
stretcher may be made by using several coats
in the same way, or by rolling up two strong
poles in the sides of a blanket. A door or wide
board covered with clothing or blankets may
also be used. Any type of stretcher should be
tested before the injured person is placed
upon it.
22.0 General
22.1 When the physician arrives he will take
charge of the injured person.
22.2 The Company will not be responsible for the
employment of doctors except those called
in accordance with item 1.5. Obligations
beyond those first aid services required prior
to arrival of the physician, or treatment
subsequently arranged for by him, must not
be assumed for the Company.
22.3 Important surgical operations must not be
carried out before the arrival of the physician
except those that may be necessary for the
immediate safety of the injured person.
25 SEC 14 22.4 An employee who witnesses or who has any
knowledge of an accident must not give
information to anyone except a Claim Agent
or other Officer of the Company, unless
legally required to do so. Persons seeking
information must be referred to a Claim
Agent or other Officer. f
22.5 First Aid boxes and kits must be examined
regularly each month to see that they are
properly equipped. If any articles are missing or any of the sterile packages broken
they must be promptly replaced.
22.6 Employees are urged to join the classes offered in connection with the Company's first
aid training program. The lectures are free to
all employees and are followed by practical
demonstrations by First Aid Instructors.
22.7 Canadian Pacific is a Special Centre of the
St. John Ambulance Association and has
offered first aid training to its employees
since 1909.
o
SEC. 14 26 SECTION 15
O
~J
HANDLING OF AUTOMOBILES
OR OTHER SELF-PROPELLED
VEHICLES IN CARS OR ON THE
PREMISES OF THE COMPANY
1.1 Automobiles, trucks, motorcycles, tractors,
internal combustion engines, etc, for the
operation of various mechanical appliances,
etc, (except boats, canoes and launches,
which must have oil and gasoline tanks
empty in accordance with Canadian Freight
Classification No. 20 and Supplements),
must have oil and gasoline tanks in good
condition and securely closed prior to delivery on Company's premises. All plugs and
covers must be closed in such a manner as to
prevent any danger of fire and shippers must
certify in bills of lading that tanks are not
leaking and in good condition. Such machines will then be accepted for shipment
without gasoline being drained from tanks.
If a leak is found, shipment must be refused.
Shipper should inflate tires to a pressure ten
pounds greater than that recommended.
One battery cable should be disconnected
and secured away from the battery, and
windows should be closed with trunk lids and
doors firmly latched. Agent should carefully
inspect vehicle and note any visible damage
or missing parts.
1.2 Only where special loading or unloading
platforms have been erected will automobiles, trucks, etc., be permitted to move from
the ground to the platform, or from the
platform to the ground under their own
1 SEC. 15 power. All such vehicles must be loaded
from the platform into the cars and unloaded
from the cars to the platform by hand; power
must not be used. In freight sheds and on
attached platforms, or platforms where merchandise is handled, automobiles, trucks,
etc, may be moved from the ground to the
warehouse or platform, or from the freight
shed and platform to the ground (when
facilities are adequate) under their own
power when authorized by railway representative in charge, providing gasoline and oil
tanks are in good condition, securely closed
and free from leaking either gasoline or oil.
1.3 Under no circumstances must the fuel tank
of these vehicles be filled or drained while on
railway platforms (this does not include
manufacturers' special platforms or railway
platforms assigned for exclusive handling of
automobiles) in cars or railway buildings, or
on railway premises within twenty feet of
cars, buildings or stored combustible material.
1.4 Cap to gasoline storage tank must be tightly
closed and there must be no leakage of
gasoline at any point.
1.5 Lanterns or any other open flame lights
must not be used during the movement of
such vehicles to or from cars; when light is
necessary, electric flash lights or incandescent electric lights must be used.
1.6 Smoking or using lighted matches in cars or
warehouses containing automobiles is prohibited.
1.7 To avoid freezing, water tanks and engine
block should be emptied during the season
SEC 15 2 o
o
from September 1st to May 1st, unless
cooling system contains anti-freeze solution
and owner assumes risk of freezing per
Tariff Rule, proper notation of which should
be made on the bill of lading.
1.8 In the event of a shipment of automobiles or
trucks being refused by the consignee, every
possible effort should be made to secure
immediate disposition. If the property remains on hand an unusual length of time and
it is desired to release the equipment, authority must be obtained from the Freight
Claims Agent before placing in storage, and
if such authority is given the machines must
not be handled under their own power.
Where it becomes necessary to handle
through the street to the point of storage,
they must be handled either by an independent truck or team and any expense connected therewith charged against the property,
which amount can be cleared when the shipment is delivered or returned to the consignor.
SEC 15 o
THIS PAGE LEFT BLANK
INTENTIONALLY
o SECTION 16
TRACK SIGNS
NOTE:—
Signs illustrated in this section are in accordance
with current standards. Signs of older types still
in service convey the same meanings.
WHISTLE POST
MILE POST
C\A7
Located at one mile intervals to designate subdivision mileage.
SEC 16 SPEED
Black Figures on Yellow Background.
To call attention to a permanent slow order
specified in the time table or special instructions.
When two speeds are shown on the sign, the upper
speed will apply to passenger trains and the lower
speed to freight trains.
When one speed is shown on the sign it will apply
to passenger trains and also to other trains which
are otherwise authorized to operate at higher
speeds.
Located as follows:—
a) For a speed zone preceded by unrestricted
speed territory or a higher speed zone:—At a
sufficient distance from the beginning of the
speed zone to enable required speed reduction
to be made.
b) For a speed zone preceded by a lower speed
zone:—At the beginning of the higher speed
zone.
o
o
SEC. 16 RESUME SPEED
Green Target.
Located at exit from speed zone to indicate that
after entire train has passed the sign, maximum
authorized speed may be resumed.
STOP
Black Letters on Red Background.
Located 500 ft. from non-interlocked railway
crossings at grade, non-interlocked drawbridges,
and at other locations where its use is required.
SEC. 16 RAILWAY CROSSING
AND DRAWBRIDGE
m\
O
Located one mile from non-interlocked railway
crossings at grade and non-interlocked drawbridges.
STRUCTURE NUMBER BOARD
147-
O
To designate to nearest tenth of a mile the
location of certain structures such as bridges,
tunnels and snowsheds.
SEC. 16 STATION MILE BOARD
HAVELOCK|
Ip                                 10                           III
Located one mile from station, siding switch,
outer main track switch where freight train time
applies, or junction switch, whichever is the most
outlying in each direction.
STATION NAME BOARD
PORTAGE LA PRAIRIE
Located <
station b
table, pai
it each end of station building,
uilding exists; at mileage sho\
allel to main track.
5
Where no
vn in time
SEC. 16
■ RESTRICTED CLEARANCE
00
o
Two Diamond Shaped Holes
on Yellow Background.
To call attention to restricted side or overhead
clearance, or both, where men must not ride sides
or tops of cars as case may be.
YARD LIMIT
Black Letters on Yellow Background
with Circular Hole.
To define yard limits.
o
SEC. 16
6 YARD LIMIT APPROACH
o
Black Letters on Yellow Background.
Located one mile from yard limit sign, except in
automatic block signal system territory.
SEC. 16 DERAIL, BLOCK & CIRCUIT
END, BEGIN & END C.T.C.
N
D
C
T
O
Derails—Black letters on yellow background.
Others—Black letters on white background.
DERAIL—Indicates location of derail.
BLOCK END—Indicates end of track circuit
controlling an automatic block or station protection signal.
CIRCUIT END—Indicates end of special track
circuit controlling interlocking, automatic block
or highway crossing protection signal at locations
specified in time table.
BEGIN C.T.C.—Indicates beginning of traffic
control system territory.
END C.T.C.—Indicates end of traffic control
system territory.
o
SEC. 16 APPROACH TO S.P.S.
o
Yellow on White Background.
Located one mile from station protection signal
not provided with approach signal.
Indication: Proceed, preparing to stop at the
Station Protection Signal. Trains exceeding medium speed must at once reduce to that speed and
reduction to medium speed must commence before passing the "Approach to S.P.S." sign.
EXCEPTION: This requirement does not apply
when track is seen to be clear to the signal
equipped with a marker displaying the letters
SPS and such signal indicates proceed.
Name: APPROACH TO S.P.S.
9
SEC. 16 SNOW PLOW AND FLANGER SIGN
o
Black discs on white background.
To call attention of snow plow and flanger operators to an obstruction to the operation of their
equipment.
o
SEC. 16
10 SECTION 17
OPERATION OF TRACK SCALES
1.0 Electronic Scales
1.1 All weighing must be performed by competent and properly instructed employees.
1.2 The operation of electronic scales is to be in
accordance with local instructions.
1.3 Allowances for weight of snow, ice or other
foreign matter on carloads, or manure in
stock cars, must be estimated and registered
on the prescribed form.
See Table in item 2.24 as a general guide to
assist in arriving at snow allowances.
1.4 Cars should not be stopped violently on
scale.
1.5 Sand must not be used while engines are on
or passing over scale.
1.6 When a scale is suspected of malfunction in
any way, the maintenance employee designated in the local instructions is to be notified promptly.
1.7 When making check weighings of cars previously weighed on other scales, report results
and weight discrepancies promptly to Superintendent so that a third weighing may be
obtained if required.
1.8 When weighing a car empty (not cleaned) for
actual tare weight and unreasonable difference shown between tare weight stencilled
on car and actual tare weight obtained, car
must be inspected and notation made on
prescribed form describing material found
in car accounting for the difference, or any
1 SEC. 17 o
other reason noticeable at time of inspection.
1.9 When light-weighing cars (clean) for resten-
cilling, they must be uncoupled at both ends
to comply with A. A.R. Rules.
1.10 All cars weighed must be reported on prescribed forms and all information called for
must be properly filled in.
1.11 Weighbridge assembly must be kept clear of
foreign matter to ensure there is no binding
between "floating" components of weighbridge and pit walls.
1.12 Gaps between scale live rails and approach
rails must be kept clear of foreign matter to
ensure there is no binding.
1.13 Scaling of cars longer than scale and multi-
car loads must be performed on zero grade
scales only and in accordance with instructions contained in Items 2.4,2.5,2.6 and 2.7
pertaining to mechanical scales.
2.0 Mechanical Scales
ALWAYS BALANCE BEAM BEFORE
WEIGHING
2.1 All weighing must be performed by competent and properly instructed employees.
2.2 Be careful to record stencilled tare.
2.3 Weighbeam must be balanced before weighing and balance checked after weighing. If
after weighing balance is materially (
changed, cars affected must be reweighed.
(Illustrations 5,6 and 7.)
2.4 When scale rails are level and approaches
level for distance of seventy feet, loaded cars
may be weighed coupled at one end and free
SEC. 17 2 o
at the other. Otherwise cars must be free at
both ends while being weighed, with all
wheels occupying live rail, clear of rail ends.
2.5 The exception to the above is double or triple
loads which must be weighed coupled.
2.6 Cars too long for scale should be weighed
one end at a time. Add the two gross weights
and deduct one tare weight. (See illustration
3).
When two or more cars are scaled in this
manner, total the gross weights obtained and
deduct the sum of the tare weight.
When weighing double or triple loads, weigh
each car separately, where possible. Add the
gross weights and deduct the sum of the tare
weights. (Illustrations 1 and 4).
Whenever possible, the weighing of double
or triple loads should be performed on scales
which have level approaches.
2.7 When gross weight of car is greater than the
capacity of the scale, weigh one end of car at
a time, add the two gross weights and deduct
the tare weight. Where necessary, car must
be run around scale to prevent over-loading
of scale.
2.8 Keep the weigh beam locked by means of
latch at tip when cars are passing on or off
scale.
2.9 Handle of type registering device must not
be operated unless scale ticket is inserted;
otherwise damage will occur to brass type.
2.10 To prevent damage to type bar or mechanism, the registering device for printing
weight must be used carefully. To avoid
damaging the beam notches, main poise
3 SEC. 17 o
handle must be fully depressed before moving main poise. When printing ticket the
printing lever must be squeezed, not banged
with the hand.
2.11 Scale tickets must be carefully filled out with
all information using ball-point pen, or indelible pencil. Weighman must personally
read tares stencilled on cars.
2.12 Allowances from track scale weights:
Weight of snow, ice, or other foreign matter
on carloads, or manure in stock cars, must be
carefully estimated. Allowances must be
shown on scale ticket.
See table in item 2.24 as a general guide to
assist weighman in arriving at snow allowances.
2.13 a) When coupling cars on scale, impact must
not occur at speed in excess of two (2)
miles per hour. Cars must not be run over
live rail of static scales at speed in excess
of four (4) miles per hour. Cars must not
be stopped violently on scale, or left
standing on live rail except when weighing. Air brakes or blocking under car
wheels must not be used to stop cars on
scale.
b) Engines must not pass over live rails of
track scales of less than 150 ton capacity,
or of 150 ton capacity scales installed
prior to 1945.
After weighing string of cars on scale
equipped with dead rail, switchmen must
not pul entire string of cars over scale
track. Dead rail track must be utilized.
c) Sand must not be used while engines are
on or passing over scale. Switches must be
SEC. 17 4 ^
o
set at all times for dead rail except when
scale is being used for weighing.
2.14 When scale cannot be balanced or kept in
balance, or for any other reason is not operating freely or properly, employee in charge
must advise Superintendent, giving full explanation of existing conditions and any
repairs required.
2.15 When making check weighings of cars previously weighed on other scales, report results
and weight discrepancies promptly to Superintendent so that a third weighing may be
obtained if required.
2.16 When weighing a car empty (not cleaned) for
actual tare weight and unreasonable difference shown between tare weight stencilled
on car and actual tare weight obtained, car
must be inspected and notation made on
back of scale ticket describing material
found in car accounting for the difference, or
any other reason noticeable at time of inspection.
2.17 When light-weighing cars (clean) for resten-
cilling, they must be uncoupled at both ends
to comply with AAR Rules.
2.18 All cars weighed, loaded or empty, for whatever reasons, must be reported on prescribed
forms and all information called for must be
properly filled in.
2.19 Heating equipment and heating area must
be kept clean and not used for storage of
tools or other materials. Pit must be kept free
of water and pump set for operating at all
times. Scale house must be kept locked except when actually in use for weighing. Scale
5 SEC. 17 rails should be level with approach rails and
remain so under load.
2.20 Platform (or deck) of scale must be kept clear
of foreign matter so that there will be no
interference between deck and copings or
the weatherguards along the rail or around
rail stands. Check to see that there is proper
clearance between scale live rail ends and
approach rail ends, never more than three-
quarters (3/4) or less than one quarter (1/4)
of an inch.
2.21 Ensure that no foreign material is placed on
or against the weigh beam and/or connecting levers.
2.22 Where standard scale house is provided having rear windows, protected by gratings,
windows should remain open during summer months to ventilate pit.
2.23 Weighmen should avail themselves of the
visits of travelling scale inspectors to learn as
much as possible of the scale mechanism in
order that they may be qualified to detect
anything wrong with the scale and to be able
to give an intelligent report of repairs required, when necessary.
o
o
SEC. 17 o
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SEC. 17
14 

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