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Canadian Pacific war memorials Canadian Pacific Railway Company. Public Relations & Advertising 1922

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Published by the News Department
Canadian Pacific Railway, Montreal.  /T record by photograph and
^fJ. by contemporary newspaper
comment of the unveiling of War
Memorials dedicated to men of
the Canadian Pacific Railway who
paid the supreme sacrifice during
the Great War.
In each case the War Memorial
was actually unveiled by the father
or the mother of one of those who
in lifetime served the Canadian
Pacific long and faithfully in the
district where the Memorial has
been erected. CANADIAN   PACIFIC
Pledges to the Dead
Editorial from the Montreal Gazette, April 28th, 1922
T^HE Canadian Pacific Railway Company has
erected as a tribute to those who served in the
war and to those who paid the supreme sacrifice, a
series of memorials, the principal of which, appropriately enough, is placed in the concourse at Windsor
Street Station, Montreal, and which is representative
of the laurel-crowned "Angel of Victory." Replicas
are situated at Winnipeg and Vancouver, whilst
bronze memorial tablets are affixed at the company's
offices in London, Liverpool, New York and Hong
Kong, as well as at other important points on the
C.P.R- system from the Atlantic to the Pacific. This
mammoth and highly specialized transportation company did yeoman service for the Empire in the great
war, and amongst other things contributed upwards
of 10,000 fighting men to the ranks of the British
forces by land, air and sea.
The war record of C.P.R. employees is interesting
and is as follows: Enlistments,  11,340; dead,  1,115;
wounded,  2,105;   re-employed,   7,573,   whilst   13,112
other   returned    soldiers    were    given    employment.
Three hundred and seventy decorations and medals
were    awarded,    including    the    following:    Victoria
Cross, 2; Order of the British Empire, 6; Distinguished
Service   Order,   17;   Distinguished Service Cross,  3;
Military Cross, 54; Distinguished Conduct Medal 47,
and   the   Military   Medal,   180.    This   is   a   glorious
record.    The pages of history will tell only a tithe of
what this great Canadian Company did to preserve the
integrity of the British Empire from the ravages of the
devastating and inhuman Huns.    The Canadian Pacific
Railway directors unstintingly gave of their best during
the war to defend the cause of human, liberty.    The
dead—the    blessed   dead—know
' 'victory.'' Living Canadi ans to -day
with full hearts give thanks to them
and glory to God.    The Dominion
of Canada recognizes, in common
x'^wm with the rest of the Empire  and
^^K the world, that they were delivered
JlllP from  the   greatest   peril   in   the
world's history.    In Montreal, as
elsewhere, as we look upon these
statues that have been erected to
ljjPf h6nor our sons, we feel a pardon
able pride.     We bare our heads
^^^ as we think of the dead heroes. WAR  MEMORIALS
We subconsciously resolve, as we think of our sons'
sacrifices, to be worthy of them as we go forward to
face the difficulties and dangers the future may have
in store. We thank God for His many mercies and
we pray that His edict will be to prevent wars for evermore. The flag which braved a thousand years the
battle and the breeze will be duly unfolded from the
statue erected to the memory of the Canadian Pacific
heroes to-day, and as its well-known outlines are unfurled may it inspire in those gathered around pride of
race and country and bring to their minds the important part we played as Canadians in adding new pages
to imperial history.
The Canadian people are proud of their war record
and proud of the spirit which inspired them through
all the dark days of the conflict. Recollections of
those days are revived by the Canadian Pacific ceremony. The war is over. The glamor of conflict,
with all its excitements and incentives, has gone. War
tested the temper of this great Canadian democracy
of ours, and in the test we were not found wanting.
In laying our homage at the monuments to our dead
we do so with gratitude and heartfelt affection. We
face the years of peace with sentimental ties linked up
in the tombs of those who are no more. We again
at the memorials to the war heroes erected by the
C.P.R., whether in Canada, London, China or elsewhere, pledge our love to those who helped to redeem
us from the hands of the spoiler. Lord Byng's presence at the unveiling of the memorial is singularly
appropriate, as on the field of battle, in the trenches^
in the thick of the fight, no man did more than Julian
Byng to inspire courage and bravery in the breasts
of the heroes he had the privilege to lead to victory.
Let those who come after see that these memorials
now being erected are never allowed to fall into disrepute. The Canadian Pacific
Railway Company deserve congratulations for their exceedingly
felicitous tribute to the glorious
dead.    Verily we can, as a people,
look back upon the noble deeds Q
of   our   kith   and   kin,  and   with "^jj^ |
reverent hearts and bowed heads #fP
can   we   say in   solemn  earnest,
"Oh, Death, where is thy sting?
Oh, Grave, where is thy victory?" CANADIAN   PACIFIC
Lord Byng shaking
hands with C.P.R.
Lord Byng inspects
Guard of Honor,
Windsor Station,
At the Unveiling Ceremony
in Montreal
Lord Byng of Vimy and the Guard of Honor
TLTIS Excellency expressed a desire
"■* Ato personally greet the men in
uniform and passed through the
ranks shaking hands with each one.
It was not a mere ceremonial shake
but a really hearty clasp. He addressed a word to each, and now and
then stopped for a little chat with
some man who bore an unusual
decoration or who carried some
distinctive mark of a regiment which
Lord Byng was quick to recognize.
His Excellency also paid his compliments to the company's constables
on duty, a picked body of men, each
one wearing war decorations.
All Faiths Represented
It was a beautiful ceremony,
characterized by simplicity and directness.    It   was   marked   by   one WAR  MEMORIALS
The message on
the pedestal
striking feature, the presence of
Bishops of the Roman Catholic and
Anglican Churches, each of whom
in similar rites gave benediction and
asked for the blessing of the Most
Mr. R. B. Angus
Another striking feature of the
ceremony was the presence of Mr.
R. B. Angus, the nonagenarian
director of the company, who has
lived to see its humble beginnings
develop into the world-famed corporation. Mr. Angus, who stoutly
declines to miss any C.P.R. function,
was seated in the steamship ticket
office, near which the memorial is
situated on the concourse, and was
thus able to obtain a clear view of
the ceremony. He rose at the
salute and stood erect when at the
close of the ceremony the band played
the National Anthem.
(Extracts from report in Montreal Gazette,) CANADIAN   PACIFIC
The President's Address
From Montreal Gazette, April 29,1922
"To His Excellency General Lord Byng of Vimyf
G.C.B., G.C.M.G., M.V.O., Governor-General of the
Dominion of Canada.
"May it please Your Excellency,
"The occasion of our assembling here to-day is
that we may offer our tribute to the memory of eleven
hundred gallant men who at one time were in the service of the Canadian Pacific Railway and who paid
the supreme sacrifice during the Great War. The
personal attendance of your Excellency is all the more
deeply appreciated by those associated with this company, not only on account of your Excellency's exalted
position as Governor-General of the Dominion of
Canada, but also as having been commander of the
Canadian Corps in the ranks of which so many of
these brave men fought and died.
"When the call to arms came from overseas, Canadian Pacific men were amongst the first to volunteer,
not by ones and twos, but by hundreds, indeed by
thousands.    They   joined   the   ranks   often   at   great
financial sacrifice, and in order to lighten the burden
of the individual employee who thus voluntarily left
for service overseas, the company undertook to contribute full pay for six months, and to provide on their
return a position of equivalent value to those who at
the   close   of   hostilities   applied
for re-employment.    In the case
of    those    who    were    able     to
return,  the    promise    was   more
r%S than  fulfilled.    Eleven  thousand
V/   Em three hundred and forty Canadian
^^B Pacific employees were recorded
as  having joined the colors, and WAR  MEMORIALS
by June 30th, 1922, 18,300 returned soldiers were given
employment, or twenty per cent, of our total payroll.
There were, however, one thousand one hundred
who died in service overseas, although indeed they
sent back to their former comrades the inspiration
of their self-sacrifice and of their splendid death.
These eleven hundred have earned in the records of
the company and of their country a status higher than
that to be found in any payroll.
"The memorials consist of a bronze group erected
in this station here, and at the company's other large
terminal stations in Winnipeg and Vancouver. In
addition to these there are bronze memorial tablets
erected in the Company's offices at London, Liverpool,
New York, Hong Kong and at important points on
the system in Canada from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
Each  group  or tablet bears the following inscription:
"To commemorate those in the service of the
Canadian Pacific Railway Company who, at the call
of King and country, left all that was dear to them,
endured hardship, faced danger and finally passed
out of sight of men by the path of duty and self-
sacrifice, giving up their own lives that others might
live in freedom. Let those who come after see to it
that their names be not forgotten.    1914-1918/
"In comparison with the heroic
greatness and devotion of these
men, any memorials which_this
Company may erect cannot but
be   inadequate.       Such  as   they
are,  however, they  are   humbly q
offered, tributes to the   deathless w  |
splendor of our glorious dead." PW» CANADIAN   PACIFIC
The President
reads his
Lord Byng speaks
to his old comrades
Unveiling the
Memorial plaque
at Liverpool
Lord Byng of Vimy's Stirring Words
"My old comrades:
"We are here to unveil this memorial to
those boys who paid the supreme sacrifice.
What is meant by the term 'they paid the
supreme sacrifice'? For what did they pay
it? It means that they gave their lives for
us, the living, and for liberty. Some sacrifice
is  always  needed  and  there  is  the  sacrifice
that we, too, must give. There must be a
sacrifice to see that duty is done and to see
that justice is given to all. If we do this we
are doing the second best thing that we will
have done in our lives. The firsl was when we
offered our service. That it may be a worthy
memorial to those who fell we should offer our
best effort towards the spirit of sacrifice for
the betterment of mankind."
The unveiling ceremony at Winnipeg, Manitoba CANADIAN   PACIFIC
The President  and Governor-General at
the Montreal unveiling.
A Voice from the East
Editorial from St. John Standard, May 1st, 1922
HpHE Memorial Tablet aflfrxed to
-*- the wall of the Canadian Pacific
Company's offices in this city,which
was unveiled on Friday afternoon,
is one of a series of memorials which
that great railway corporation has
erected at various places in this
country and abroad, as an ever-
present reminder of the great services rendered and sacrifices made
by its employees during the war, no
less than eleven thousand of whom
took part in the actual conflict.
These men were drawn from all
ranks of the Company's service, a
record of which the Company may
justly be proud, and it is to be
commended for the very practical
manner in which it is endeavoring
to perpetuate the remembrance of
what they  did. WAR  MEMORIALS
The Unveiling Ceremony at Vancouver, B.C.
A Voice from the West
Editorial in the Vancouver Daily Province,
April 28th, 1922
A T three great railway centres,
•zrx one in the East, one in the West,
one midway between the oceans,
monuments are dedicated to-day to
the memory of Canadian Pacific Railway men who fell in the Great War.
This is a fitting recognition by a great
corporation of the heroism and
sacrifice of the men in its employ.
Other structures now existing, or
yet to be built, may attract the notice
of the passerby to the company and
its leaders. This memorial, standing in a conspicuous place, is intended
to turn attention away from those
material evidences of enterprise to
the nobler venture of a company of
men who staked their lives in a
greater undertaking. Not only the
men who fell, but their fellows in
the same service, who were ready
to die in the great cause, will be
remembered by all who see this
The Bronze Memorial Tablet
At London, England
C YNCHRONIZING with the many ceremonies of
^ unveiling on the system of the Canadian Pacific
Railway, from Great Britain to Hong Kong, Lord
Shaughnessy, Chairman of the Company, unveiled
a memorial tablet at the European head offices in
Trafalgar Square, London, England.
Lord   Shaughnessy,    according   to   the   Canadian
Gazette,   said  that  with  its   great  ramifications   and
large staff the Canadian Pacific was a forceful factor
in the war.    Over 18,000 members of the Canadian
Pacific and Dominion Express enlisted in the navy and
army or served with the mercantile marine, of whom
1,250   made   the   supreme   sacrifice   and   3,000   were
wounded.    Fifteen of the company's ships were destroyed  through  enemy   action  or  accidents  at  sea,
representing  a tonnage of  126,500 out of the gross
tonnage   (330,000)   engaged.    The   largest   ship   lost
was   the    CALGARIAN   of   17,500   tons.    Canadian
Pacific men fought the enemy on
land and sea  and   in the  air in
every theatre where hostile actions
took place.      The    medals    and
decorations   won by the staff included   2   V.C.'s   and   327  other
^yj§ decorations.   The record was truly
p9W splendid, and to commemorate it
■■■ a   memorial   similar   to   that he
was to unveil was   being placed
in   stations  in  different  sections
of the country, while in the sta-
jjff tions at Montreal, Winnipeg, and WAR   MEMORIALS
Vancouver imposing monuments had also been erected.
Wherever the company had offices in Canada, men had
enlisted. In London the staffs of the C.P.R. and Dominion Express Company readily answered the call to
arms. The number of the European staff who joined
the forces was 190, without counting the men of the
Canadian Pacific Ocean Services. Of the 190, 24
made the supreme sacrifice, while some 16 won honors.
In order that these facts might be signalized these
tablets were being placed in all offices from London to
Hong Kong. Relatives of the dead heroes would have
in mind their anguish and also their pride in the courage
of those they had lost. These tablets would remind
succeeding generations of the patriotism and self-
sacrifice of those who died that we might be saved.
Concluding, Lord Shaughnessy said: "With bowed
heads and reverence we will now unveil this tablet."
At Winnipeg
From the Manitoba Free Press
Sir James Aikins, Lieutenant-Governor of Manitoba, said:
"This memorial bronze group is a beautiful expression of a noble spirit which shows gratitude,
pays tribute and renders reverence to your former
associates in the service of the company, heroes in
the service of the country, who in the great war gave
their lives that Canada might endure and develop
and that its people might live secure and prosper.
Their valor and their virtues, their love and final
sacrifice, bespeak in us the best that we can do to perpetuate  and  glorify their memories."
At Nelson, B.C.
From the Nelson News
Mayor C. F. McHardy said:
"They  were  met together  to    commemorate  not
merely   an   event   of   local  interest,   but  one   whose
interest was international, and the
old adage that a corporation had
no soul was shown in this instance
to  be a falsification of the facts.
The  men   whose   heroism   they r^
were commemorating had paid the x      j
price and made the  great sacri- %|J
fice. Many citizens to-day thought %jtm
they were too busy to  take their
place   in   the nation's work,  but ^^B
these men were not too busy. A {jjjj
"Be ready to give your time and fll
effort to the citizenship which they CANADIAN   PACIFIC
so bravely defended, and for which some laid down their
lives," adjured the speaker. "Let us tell ourselves
it is their wish that we work to make our community
and our country better. This will be the greatest
tribute we can pay to the memory of those men."
At Edmonton
From the Edmonton Bulletin
His Honor Dr. Brett, Lieutenant-Governor of
Alberta, stated that it was small wonder the name of
the C.P.R. should stand out prominently when they
gave so many of their best men for the cause of right
and that loyalty to country and loyalty to employers
were both to be visualized in the token of appreciation
which  he  was   about  to  unveil. "We  may  erect
tablets of bronze or marble," said the Lieutenant-
Governor, "but in time they will crumble away, but
the deeds of these men will ever be kept green in the
hearts of men, to whom Canada owes an undying
At Moose Jaw
From the Moose Jaw Times
Archdeacon Johnson was reminiscent of the early
days of the Canadian Pacific in Western Canada. He
recalled standing on the station platform at Indian
Head and watching the first trans-Canada train on
the Canadian Pacific Railway disappear across the
prairie. With that train the Canadian Pacific had
linked the East with the West; and with the ceremony
in Moose Jaw, and that taking place in every important
city on the entire system in the British Isles, Canada
and the Orient, the Canadian Pacific was again linking
up the people in a common bond.
The Archdeacon stated that in his   opinion   there
could be no more fitting place for a memorial than in
the beautiful new depot which the railway company
had recently opened in the city.    There was no place
in the city with which there were associated so many
tragic goodbyes and glad welcomes.    In the days of
the war many citizens of Moose
Jaw and the surrounding district
had said their last farewells in the
station at Moose Jaw.    While it
%y Jk was not the same building as the
1 present,  it was on practically the
jjyjjp? same site.    The Canadian Pacific
jjIW stations   were   closely  bound  up
with the part Canada had played
in  the  war, for it  was  to  these
mm stations   that   the   relatives   and
friends of the men who survived
went to bid them glad welcome
At   Victoria
From The Victoria Times
The Premier of British Columbia, the Hon. John
Oliver,  said:
"There is a disposition to forget that even the great
corporations had a duty to perform when the call to
war came. We are proud to say that the greatest
railway corporation in the world did nobly perform
that duty."
At  Vancouver
From The Vancouver Daily Province
In the course of his address, Lieut.-Governor
the Hon. Walter  C.  Nichol said:
"I know of nothing finer in life than that magnificent
steadfastness of character which enables men to keep
on doing their duty under all sorts
of adverse circumstances—in the
face of defeat, in the face—in
the teeth, indeed—of death itself.
These men to whose sacred
memory this impressive and majestic bronze is being publicly
dedicated to-day died as they had
lived, doing their duty—doing it
splendidly, fearlessly, heroically." CANADIAN   PACIFIC
General Pershing at Montreal.
General Pershing's Tribute
From The Montreal Standard.
General John J. Pershing, Commander of the United States Expeditionary Forces in Europe during the
war, inspected the Canadian Pacific
War Memorial at the Windsor Station concourse during his visit to
Montreal and paid fitting tribute to
the men to whose honor it was
One of the bronze memorial tab-
lets was also unveiled on the corner
of the Canadian Pacific Building,
44th Street and Madison Avenue,
New York.
k THE bronze memorial groups at
Montreal, Winnipeg and Vancouver are by Cceur de Lion Mac-
Carthy, of Montreal.
The bronze memorial tablets are
from a design by Archibald Pearce
of the Chief Engineer's Department,
C.P.R., and modelled and cast by
the Bromsgrove Guild, of Worcester,
Photograph on front cover by
Leonard   Frank,   Vancouver.   


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