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The challenge of the mountains Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1919

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OUNTAI NS, wherever   you   find   them, have   qualities   of
their own;  there is an immense variety of type and of
charm,   but  in   all   this  variety   of   beauty  of  mountain
scenery there are no mountains which combine grace, and,
at the same time, boldness of form with forest and with water more
beautifully   blended   than   the   Canadian   Rockies."    (Sir   Martin
"Europe has its Switzerland, famous throughout the world
for the splendor and magnificence of its mountain scenery, which
has lured thousands of travelers because of its variety and charm,
as well as because of its accessibility. Its scenery is unchangingly
beautiful, and the Alpine heights retain a ceaseless fascination for
Banff Springs Hotel, Banff, Alberta.
Page Three
i i
JJ ,&r.~
■ ■■
Wne (hafiGnae ofihe Mountains
Mount Assiniboine, (11,860 feet\ near Banff,  Alberta.
the mountaineer. Yet we turn with wonder and admiration to our
own Switzerland. The paradise of our continent lies among the
rugged Rocky mountains of Canada. For miles and miles the train
glides at their base, showing new wonders at every turn—the
wonderful and fascinating glaciers; the number and enormity of the
majestic ranges; the sharp precipices; the beautiful snowy peaks;
the deep green forests; the lovely clear lakes and peaceful valleys.
The Canadian Government has set aside over 6,000 square miles
of this region as a national park, and the Canadian Pacific Railway
Company has built a number of hotels and chalets, each rivaling
the other for comfort, service and fine location. The average
traveller, however, spends too little time in this attractive country,
as a rule only stopping off for a day or so between trains; while a
stay of two or three days should be made at each of the resorts in
order to fully note the ever-varying changes of light and shadow,
the glorious sunsets; and, the rare experience of visiting the ice
caves in the glaciers, in midsummer."—Miss lima Schadee, in the
"Springfield Republican."
The New York 'Tribune" says: ''It is not generally known
that within four days' journey of New York City there are waiting
for the sight-seer and scientific investigator some of the grandest
and most impressive glacial streams in the world. Nothing in
Switzerland is to be found more beautiful than the glaciers of the
Canadian Rockies and Selkirks,  and one of the chief attractions
Page Four ^-Ihe QialiGnae of ike Mourrfains
of the trip is the fact that one may journey there and back in civilized luxury, and while enjoying the scenes, at the very noses of the
wonderful glaciers themselves, be comfortable and remain in close
touch with the world."
The Canadian Pacific Railway line, above all others, merits
the much-used description, "The scenic line of the world." From
Calgary to Vancouver, a distance of six hundred and forty-two
miles, the beauty and grandeur of the scenery is continuous. That
"there is not a dull or uninteresting minute all the way" is the
opinion of all who have made the journey.
Unfortunately, the average tourist is all too prone to stop
over only between trains and thus catch but a hurried glance of
these glorious peaks, which is regrettable, inasmuch as frequently
the greater beauty is missed entirely, though thousands claim
that travelling through these mountains without leaving the train
has been the most enjoyable event and the greatest scenic treat
of their lives.
In the mountain ranges, lakes and valleys of this district are
not only the scenic beauties and wonders of Switzerland duplicated
on a much wider and grander scale but there is added a diversity
of climate noted for its purity of air, its freedom from malaria and
an almost total absence of extremes of heat and cold.
Frank Yeigh in his book "Through the Heart of Canada," writes
'The transition from the rolling sea of fertile lands to the sea of
mountains, is dramatic in the extreme. From the foothills of the
Rockies at Calgary to the mouth of the Fraser Canyon the splendid
trains of the Canadian Pacific Railway curve to the tune the rivers
have set, along the circuitous Bow, along the turbulent Kicking
Horse,  along and  across  the  broad-breasted  Columbia,  along the
Canadian Alpine Club in Camp in the Rocky Mountains.
Page Five
■ ■■
J jm
^fhe QialiGnae of the Mountains
glacial waters of the Illecillewaet, along
the blue-green Thompson, until its identity is lost in the yellow Fraser."
The Rockies are visible before Calgary is reached. Mightier and mightier
they appear until the Gap, which is the
eastern entrance to this mountain world,
is reached. Here the track takes a sharp
turn and on either side loom skywards
the glorious peaks, and the passenger
realizes that he has reached Nature's
wonderland. Exshaw, the cement town,
is passed; then the Three Sisters, a trinity
of noble peaks, are seen, immovable,
beautiful in their purity, peaceful in their
solitude, steadfast in their guard. Like
sentinels apart from their compeers, they
seem to the traveller to hold eternal watch
and ward over the wonders of the marvellous regions through which he is to pass.
Cascade Mountain is a few miles
away from the railway track. At its
base are the anthracite mines of Bank-
head, operated by the Canadian Pacific
Railway Company, which supply the
country from Winnipeg to Vancouver
with hard coal. The powers of the eye
are greatly increased, and, to one fresh from the plains, things yet
afar off appear quite near. However, the traveller gradually understands his mistake, and the track following the course of the Bow
River, turns sharply to the west just as the lowest spurs are
reached, and arrives at Banff.
The Gap,  or  Eastern   Ertrance to
the  Canadian  Rockies.
Earl Grey Pass, near Windermere Valley, B.C.
Page Six V,
C^OL^imz ^\OoMoS
BANFF, for romantic situation, stands perhaps unrivalled in
America. In its rock ribbed enclosure it is comparatively
free from the high winds and dust storms so common in
some other resorts at certain seasons.
Located on the south bank of the Bow River near the mouth
of the Spray, a wonderful site of remarkable beauty, is the Banff
Springs Hotel, of the Canadian Pacific Hotel System. The refinement of its appointments, and the completeness of detail marking
the whole establishment, makes this splendid hotel rank among
the finest hotels to be found anywhere. The excellence of the
cuisine—a characteristic of the Canadian Pacific service—is enhanced
by the magnificent outlook down the Bow River Valley.
Bow River Valley and Banff Springs Hotel, Banff, Alberta.
Page Seven ^ar
^-Jhe (hailenqe of the Mountains
Swimming Pool,  Hot Springs,  Banff, Alberta.
Banff Hot Springs possess wonderful curative properties for
rheumatic and kindred ailments. There are several important
springs, the best known of these being the Cave and Basin, where
the best of bathing facilities are afforded. The Cave is reached by a
delightful drive of about a mile along a winding, pine bordered road
up the valley of the Bow River to the base of Sulphur Mountain.
The Cave itself is covered in by a natural roof of rock and is
fed by water from the springs further up the mountains. The
curious deposits of sulphur about its roof make it well worth a visit.
The temperature of the water in the adjoining natural basin where
the bathers congregate, is 114.3 degrees Fahrenheit. Connected
with the Banff Springs Hotel there are also fine bathing facilities;
a new concrete swimming pool has just been completed,  120 feet
by 60 feet, which is protected by
awnings. Sixty dressing rooms
and other facilities make this one
of the finest swimming pools in
A band of buffalo, relics of the
countless thousands which once
ruled the central plains of North
America, occupy an enclosure near
the town.   With them are a number
Buffalo at Banff,  Alberta.
Page  Eight *dfne (Jiaffenqe of the Mountains
Golf on the Picturesque Links at Banff, Alberta.
of elk and  moose, together with other specimens of the wild life
of the Northern plains and woods.
An additional attraction at Banff this year, is the magnificent
new golf links. Golf enthusiasts who have played the game
on the ordinary country club links will find the sport at Banff even
more interesting. Here the environments are such as no country
club could hope to duplicate. Nestling among the mountains,
completely surrounded by gigantic peaks and with the glacier fed
Bow River flowing throughout its length, the course lies at an elevation of 5,000 feet, Nature making it not only the highest course
on the American continent, but one of surpassing beauty.    For the
Club House  on Golf Links at Banff, Alberta.
Page Nine ^-fne QialiQnqe of the Mountains
Station at Banff, Alberta.
tourist, golf at Banff has many attractions. Not only is there
the peculiar charm of the links themselves, but there is also the
exhilaration of the mountain climate.
The climate of Banff is Alpine in character, but it is distinctly
drier than the Swiss Alps and has the advantage of having more
sunshine. Yet it is seldom ever sultry. This charming town
bears a strong resemblance to St. Moritz in the upper Engadine
part of Switzerland and the Paracelsus Spring at St. Moritz has the
same elevation as the main spring at Banff.
During the summer season the animal cages near the Banff
Museum are a continual source of delight to visitors. Here in
their steel barred enclosures are fine specimens of black bear,
mountain lions, and all of the other big game which are to be
found in the Canadian Rockies. The Museum itself contains
splendidly preserved exhibits of the game and also of the fish
and bird life to be found within the Park. Indian relics are
shown and also pieces of Indian workmanship of more than ordinary interest. To the geologist, and the naturalist, the Museum
is one of the main points of interest throughout the season.
For the botanical student the flora of the district present a wide
field for research. Here the profusion and variety of wild flowers
is greater than in any other part
of the continent. Almost every
known species of wild flower can
be found within a short distance
of the Banff Springs Hotel, making the district one good to live
in,—a district where "edelweiss
and heather, forget-me-nots and
wood anemones, blue-bells and
ferns convert all the valleys into
flower gardens."
In the Aviary there are some
Animal Cages, Banff, Alberta.
Page Ten d
^-fhe (haflenqe of the Mountains
■ BB
two hundred specimens of the
bird life of the continent. Of the
pheasant family alone there are
many varieties, among them being
Japanese Golden, Japanese Copper, Mongolians, English Silver,
English Ringnecks, Prince, of
Wales, Rieves, Lady Amherst and
Common. The eagle cage is also
a great attraction to all visitors.
Many other specimens of birds
are to be found in the Park, and
they are all interesting.
Without doubt the Museum
and grounds are one of the most
attractive and interesting spots
in the Park, the many exhibits
appealing alike to young and
Bow  River Falls.  Banff, Alberta.
From Banff to Lake Minnewanka is nine miles, the drive skirting Cascade Mountain and following Devil's Head River until the
precipitous sides of Devil's Head Canyon are crossed by a rustic
bridge. The lake is sixteen miles long, with a width of from one
to two miles. Here a launch can be chartered by visitors at the
rate of $1.00 per head, for parties of five or over. This interesting
trip usually occupies three hours. Fishing tackle, boats, etc., may
be procured, this being a favorite resort  for  anglers.    A cluster of
Lake Minnewanka, near Banff, Alberta.
Page Eleven *dhe (JtaffGnae ofihe Mountains
Spiral  Drive,  Tunnel Mountain,  Banff.  Alberta.
Hoodoos (natural concrete pillars), and the Devil's Gap, on the way
to Ghost River, are among the points of interest in this locality.
Other good opportunities for boating are had on the Vermillion
lakes, an enlargement of the Bow River. There are lovely stretches
of water and they give the visitor unrivalled views of the giants
that surround them. Boats can be obtained at low cost and many
a pleasant afternoon can be spent in this manner.
The carriage drives radiating from Banff are numerous and
beautiful in the extreme. Six livery barns well supplied with saddle
horses and carriages, cater to the tourists and others for trips to
the many points of interest to which the roads and trails lead. Outfitting stores of all kinds furnish supplies to the residents or camping
parties at reasonable prices.
Travelling over the carriage roads and trails extending in all
directions from Banff is one of the best ways of seeing the real
wonders of this incomparable district. Of the shorter drives "the
Loop"is a beautiful roadway around the Bow Valley, in full view
of the superb Bow Falls—distance about seven miles—skirting the
base of Mount Rundle, to the banks of the Bow River. Another
pretty drive is along the north side of the Vermillion lakes, as far
west as Edith Pass, from where a beautiful and entirely new view
of Mount Edith is obtained. This drive requires about three
hours and can be included in a trip to the Cave and Basin.
Tunnel Mountain affords another delightful drive to the visitor.
Page Twelve h
^fhe (ka/lenqe of the Mountains
A spiral roadway has been cut through a charming wood and from
the summit the views up and down the valley of the Bow are superb.
Of the longer trails that have been opened, probably the
most important is that up Brewster Creek, at the head of which is
a huge glacier. This is the nearest glacier to Banff, and can be
made in a day by pack train. A day could be spent here and another
making the return journey to Banff, giving an ideal three day trip.
For those who wish to go still further from the railway, there
is a new trail from Lake Minnewanka, west through Aylmer Pass
and down the Ghost River, returning to the Lake by way of the
Devil's Gap. There is also another magnificent trail from the
Spray Lakes to Kananaskis Lake. The first of these trips requires
about a week while two weeks can be profitably spent on the
second. Both trails open up magnificent country for the fisherman
and sportsman.
For the motor car enthusiast, Banff will soon be attainable by
the most wonderful automobile road in the world. This road is
now being built by the Dominion Government, the British Columbia
Government and the Canadian Pacific Railway. It starts at Calgary and runs through the Mountains to Banff. Here it branches
off through the beautiful Vermillion Pass to connect with a road
already in existence running from Golden to Cranbrook on the
Crow's Nest Pass line of the C.P.R. From here there is a road
to Macleod and from that point there is connection with Calgary
making a six hundred mile automobile road which when completed will be a magnificent scenic highway.
Truly Banff was born among wonderful environments. The
very fact that it is in the centre of the Canadian National Rocky
Mountain Park is evidence of the scenic perfectness of its location.
Bow River, Canadian Rockies.
Page Thirteen IBB
Whe (haffenqe ofihe Mountains
■ BB
Indians Horse Racing at Banff, Alberta.
This is the largest National government-owned playground in the
world, and contains more than 6000 square miles of territory, within
which far-flung boundaries there is contained the world's most
magnificent scenery. It is a region "unparalleled for majestic
mountain ranges, immense ice caps and glaciers, falls and Cascades."
Llewellyn Brown, in the "Standard," says:—"Globe-trotters
tell us that 'earth has not anything to show more fair' than that
which is to be seen amidst the glories of the Canadian Rockies."
"On every hand you see Nature's handiwork, majestic and sublime. The mighty convulsion that belched up the Rockies, in the
gray dawn of history, has left behind it marks which tell us of the
magnitude of that great catastrophe. The chiselling effects of the
master sculptor are here seen on a magnificent scale, as ages of ice
and snow have wrought out the divine plan in aeons of time."
Katherine Louise Smith in "Travel" says, of the Park, "New
beauties are being constantly discovered by mountain climbers
and nature lovers who explore its recesses. It is a place where
scenic wonders unfold as in a kaleidoscope, while the pure and exhilarating air fills all who breathe it with vigor. There are heights
no man has conquered, a chaos of mountains peak on peak, that
change with every ray of light. There are glaciers that sparkle in
the sun and valleys that lie in deep shadow. There are rivers,
mysterious canons, lakes and tarns—such a plentitude of God's
riches that man is lost in their glory."
Page  Fourteen A RIDE of thirty-four miles by railway through a wonderland
of mountain scenery brings one to Laggan, the station for
Lake Louise and the Lakes in the Clouds. Carriages meet
the trains at Laggan and from here a drive of two and a half
miles up a pine girt road takes the traveller to Lake Louise—the
most winsome spot in the whole Canadian Rockies. Here charmingly situated on the very verge of the water and in the midst of
the evergreen wood the Canadian Pacific Railway has built a magnificent chateau facing the Lake. Everything about the chateau is
in good taste. The rooms are large and airy, the service is excellent
and the cuisine perfect, and the view from the broad verandahs,
across  the flower decked lawns,  is captivating in  the   extreme.
i i
Chateau, Lake Louise, Lakes in the Clouds, near Laggan, Alberta.
Page Fifteen
^~fhe Qiaffenqe of the Mountains
■ Bl
The growth of interest in
this wonderful region has been
very rapid. A few years ago,
about 1890, a small log house
was sufficient to accommodate
the visitors who came to pay
homage to the matchless scenery of Lake Louise. Each year,
however, brought people from
all parts of the earth in ever-
increasing numbers, and every
season the accommodation had,
to be increased, so that the
little house was soon replaced
by a larger building; since then
wings have been added, re- .
modeling has taken place, and
to-day is seen the splendid chalet with  all its  modern  equipment.
Guides and ponies for excursions or short camping trips can be
arranged for at the hotel office and also Swiss guides for mountain
climbing. The Chateau is open for guests from June 10th till
September 30th, and is operated on the American plan, the rates
being $4.00 per day and upward
Lake Louise lies at an elevation of 5,645 feet, and is shut in on
every side by rocky, snow-capped heights, offering a picture of
perfect peace. Mr. Edward Whymper has compared it to Lake
Oeshinen, in Switzerland, but has declared it "is more picturesque
Path around Lake Louise.
Dining Room, Lake Louise Chateau, near Laggan, Alberta.
Page Sixteen
tt-, *dfhe (Vaffenqe of the Mountains
Laggan, Alberta, the Station for Lake Louise
ana has more magnificent
environments." It is about
a mile and a half long and a
half-mile broad, while its
depth is over two hundred
Of the beauty of this remarkable lake there is no
divided opinion; every visitor
to its shore sings its praises,
and it is acknowledged by the
most competent judges to be
one of the great masterpieces
in Nature's picture gallery.
As a gem of composition and
coloring it has no rival. At
every hour of the day the
view is ever-changing with
the shadows. This is especially true of the early morning
and evening hours. Walter
Dwight Wilcox, F.R.G.S., in
his charming book, 'The
Rockies of Canada," describes
the colorings of Lake Louise
as follows: "It is impossible
to tell or paint the beautiful   colors,    the   kaleidosopic
Beautiful Lake Louise.
Page Seventeen ■■■
^-fhe (haflenqe of the Mountains
■ IB
change of light and shade under such conditions. They are so
exquisite that we refuse to believe them even in their presence; so
subtle in change, so infinite in variety, that memory fails to recall
their varying moods. I have seen twenty shades of green and
several of blue in the waters of Lake Louise at one time." It is
the most perfect picture in the vast gallery of Nature's masterpieces.
Lake Louise is noted for its avalanches and it is not uncommon
to hear the thunder of several of these in one day.
Two miles across the boulder-covered glacier lake there begins
to rise southward the forefront of the great glaciers. Thence the
ice slants away upwards, until it reaches a depth of possibly five
hundred feet of solid blue and green, to where it is fed by continuous
avalanches from the endless groups of enormous heights beyond.
At the upper end of this brow rises a stern black wall to a height
of fully half a mile, over which the avalanches thunder. This wall
is five miles away, yet looks to be but one, because of the clearness
of the atmosphere.
Above this black avalanche wall there gradually rises, like the
roof of the universe, the pure white snowfield on Mount Victoria
to a height of over ten thousand feet. Joining with Victoria in
forming this ice field are the towering heights of Lefroy, Beehive,
Whyte, Niblock, St. Piran, Castle Crags and many other lofty peaks.
There are good trails from Lake Louise to the other Lakes in
the Clouds. Mirror Lake has no visible outlet, its waters
escaping through an underground channel to Lake Louise, 1,000
feet below.    The waters of this lake rise or fall as the inflowing
Lakes in the Clouds, Laggan, Alberta
^■'1 11
Page Eighteen
  •■»■■ ■ BB
affQnqe oftne Mountains
Chateau Lake Louise, near Laggan, Alberta.
stream pours its flood into the lake more or less rapidly than they
are carried off. Lake Agnes, another of the Lakes in the Clouds, is
situated amid scenes of the wildest beauty. On the side, like sentinels, stand Mounts Whyte and Niblock, grim and silent; and the
irregular peaks, running back tell of violent eruption in that great
and terrible day of upheaval far back in the misty ages of the earth's
infancy. A little way down the valley Nature smiles, not broadly,
but none the less sweetly; for here among the mosses are found the
forget-me-nots, the wood anemones, the blue bells of the Scottish
Highlands, the ferns, the Alpine edelweiss (the bridal flower of the
Swiss mountaineer) and the heather, that reminds the sons and
daughters of Bonnie Scotland of their native hills.
To the east of Laggan run two mountain valleys, both of which
are famous for their exquisite scenery Paradise Valley, the nearer
to Lake Louise, lies between Mount Sheol and Mount Temple, while
the valley of the Ten Peaks, as its name implies, is sentineled by
ten great peaks, and holds at its head Moraine Lake. There is good
trout fishing in Moraine Lake, which is reached from Lake Louise.
This year the visitor to Lake Louise will have the opportunity
of travelling over several new trails which were built during the
season of 1911. Among these is a new promenade trail around the
Eastern side of Lake Louise. This path connects with the old
route around the Western side of the lake and permits of the full
circuit of the waters being made. This trail skirts the lake at an
elevation of about 100 feet. Benches and rest houses have been
placed at intervals, from which the ever-changing color effects of the
waters may be observed to great advantage.
There is also a new trail to the Upper Lakes in the Clouds.
From here the trail has been continued to Little Beehive Mountain,
Page Nineteen
9 J"e QwffQnae of the Mountains
Riding is Popular  at Lake Louise.
from where wonderful views can be had of the three Lakes in the
Clouds and the Bow Valley with its array of peaks. The more ambitious sightseer may from the Little Beehive continue up to the top
of Mount St. Piran.
Still another new trail is that leading up to the top of and over
Sentinel Pass. This Pass connects Paradise Valley with the Valley
of the Ten Peaks. At Moraine Lake it connects with the carriage
road already in existence to Laggan Station and Lake Louise. In
Paradise Valley this trail allows of a visit to the celebrated Giants'
Steps Falls a beautiful cascade or succession of falls.
Six miles from Laggan is the summit of the Rockies and here is
the Great Divide, 5,296 feet above sea level. It is marked by a
rustic arch spanning a stream, under which the waters divide, by
one of those curious
freaks with which Nature
occasionally diverts herself, into two little
brooks which have curiously different fates,
though they have a
common origin. The
waters that deviate to
the east eventually
mingle with the ice-cold
tides of Hudson Bay,
while the rivulet that
turns to the west adds
its mite to the volume
of the Pacific.
The Great Divide.
Page Twenty ===
BETWEEN Hector, near the summit of the Rockies, and Field,
at the base of Mount Stephen, is encountered one of the greatest pieces of engineering work of this century. When the
Canadian Pacific Railway was first completed through to the
Pacific Coast the grade at this point was a particularly heavy one.
In the early days of the railway this grade rendered the operation
of trains over this section of the road unusually difficult, not only
on account of the power necessary to haul the trains over the steep
incline, but also on account of the precautions that had to be taken
to ensure safety alike to passengers and equipment. As the volume
of the railway's business grew it was decided that something had to
Spiral Tunnels near Field, B.C.
Page Twenty-one
L a/lenqe
of A, e Mo
Spiral Tunnels from First Panorama.
be done to eliminate the necessity for running the trains over the
Big Hill." It was decided to overcome the grade by a series of
spiral tunnels. The adoption of this scheme marked a new epoch
in American engineering, this being the first application of the
spiral curve principle made on this continent.
Roughly speaking the work that the Canadian Pacific Railway
has done at this point is as follows: Firstly, it has added several
miles to its track. Secondly, it has built two bridges over the same
river, the Kicking Horse. Thirdly, it has excavated three-quarters
of a million feet of rock, and finally it has bored one and one-quarter
miles of tunnel in gigantic mountains. And the result is: a reduction
in grade of from 4.5 per cent, to 2.2 per cent. To the uninitiated
the outlay hardly seems to justify the result, but listen to the expert.
"This work has resulted in the cutting down of the number of
locomotives required on the average train making the trip over the
line at this point from four to two. It has altogether eliminated
the danger attending the negotiation of the heavy grade, and instead
of being able to make only four or five miles an hour, as the four
engines used to do on the old track, the two engines used now can
make twenty miles an hour
The conformation of the new track is most peculiar. Coming
from the east the road first enters the western corkscrew tunnel
of 3,200 feet, under Cathedral Mountain. Emerging from the
tunnel twist the track runs back east across the Kicking Horse
River, and then enters the eastern spiral tunnel of 2,910 feet under
Mount Ogden, and after describing an elliptic curve emerges to
again cross the Kicking Horse westward. The whole thing is a
perfect maze, the railway doubling back upon itself twice, tunneling
under mountains and crossing the river twice in order to cut down
the grade.
Some facts regarding the work done are as follows: length of
two tunnels, \-Vi miles; length of cutting, outside of tunnels, 7
miles; increase in length of track, 4 34 miles; reduction in grade, from
4.5 to 2.2; approximate cost of work, $1,500,000; number of men
employed, about 1,000. Time of work, twenty months; rock removed, about 650,000 cubic yards; 75 carloads of dynamite used.
The cost of this quantity of explosives alone came to over $250,000.
Page Twenty-two —*
AT Field the Kicking Horse River, for a short distance, flows
across broad, level flats that are only covered when the
water is high. The place itself is a prosperous little village,
but is dwarfed into insignificance by the splendid mountains
that hem it in. On one side is Mount Burgess; on the other Mount
Stephen, one of the grandest of all the Rockies. Field is the gateway to the wonderful Yoho Valley, and the headquarters for mountaineers of the more ambitious type. Here is located the spacious
and comfortable Mount Stephen House of the Canadian Pacific
Hotel System.
This hotel enjoys a splendid reputation for its service, and guests
Mount Stephen House, at Field, B.C.
Page Twenty-three
■ ^-Ihe (haffGnqe of the Mountains
will find here one of the most interesting and enjoyable resorts in
the mountains.
Looking from the shoulder of Mount Burgess or Mount Stephen
the valley seems narrow, the river a mere stream, and the dwellings
in the village dolls' houses. From below, Mount Stephen fills all
the view; so rounded, so symmetrical, the spectator hardly realizes
at first that he has before him a rock mass towering 10,000 feet
above sea level and 6,500 feet above the valley.
The lower slopes of  the mountain have one spot well worth
Mount Stephen and Field, B.C.
Page Twenty-four
a IBB'
^-fhe (haffenqe of the Mountains
visiting, the fossil bed,
where for 150 yards the
side of the mountain,
for a height of 300 or 400
feet, has slid forward
and broken into a number of shaly, shelving
limestone slabs, exposing innumerable fossils.
From Field is a delightful drive of seven
miles round the spurs of
Mount Burgess' to the
beautiful Emerald Lake.
The road leads through
a splendid spruce forest.
In one place the road
has been cut straight as
an arrow for a mile in
length; Snow Peak
Avenue this stretch is
called. At   Emerald
Lake is a charming
chalet operated by the
Canadian Pacific Railway where tourists may
find excellent accommodation at the very
entrance to the wonderful Yoho Valley.
Emerald Lake is one
of the most fascinating
spots in this wonderful
mountain region. Replete with lovely pictures, the coloring of
Emerald Lake is rich
and vivid, the contrast
between the water and
the trees being very
striking. The lake appears as an irridescent
scintillating expanse of
water, mirroring four
great snow capped peaks
that rise from its depths.
One of the most interesting of the short excursions to be made
from Field is a walk of two and a half miles to the Natural Bridge,
spanning the Kicking Horse River. Here a series of vertical rock
ridges which at one time formed a barrier across the Kicking Horse
River, have been undermined and cut through by the action of the
The Beautiful Road between Field and
Emerald  Lake.
Page Twenty-five gfhe Qiaffenqe of the Mountains
■ BB
water, which rushes with great
force through a narrow gorge only
a few feet wide, while an overhanging mass of rock forms the
bridge itself.
Emerald Lake is half way to
the Yoho Valley, one of the most
beautiful mountain valleys in the
It is a most delightful experience to ride from Emerald Lake
through the Yoho Valley and stay
at the comfortable camps provided by the Canadian Pacific Railway Company for tourists. Every
person who has taken this trip
is enthusiastic regarding the
many beautiful sights and
scenes visited. On this riding trip
Natural Bridge,   near Field. B.C. wiU     ^      seen      mighty     glaciers,
their surfaces lit up and flecked with many hues in the sunlight,
and charming cascades, their waters leaping, in a filmy, threadlike line, 800 feet or more. Thick woods shut out the summit of
the pass, but part asunder to grant a glimpse of Summit Lake,
a stretch of water 1,800 feet above Emerald Lake.
C.P.R. Camps, Yoho Valley
Page Twenty-six ^-jhe (haflenqe offhe Mountains
■ Bl
Emerald Lake Chalet and Mount Burgess.
The camps in the Yoho Valley are models of comfort. Picturesquely situated under the shadows of the mountains a stay of
three or four days at one of them brings one in close touch with
Nature. Here in the daytime you can find a hundred and one
ways to amuse yourself. You can photograph the mountains at
first hand. You can fish the foaming mountain streams for trout.
You can explore the glaciers or you can hit the trail into new fastnesses. "And who shall adequately sing the song of the hill trail?
The  winding  way,   turf-carpeted,   through   the  forest   aisles;   the
Page Twenty-seven ■ BB
^-fhe Qiaffenqe of the Mountains
Summit Lake,  Yoho Valley.
breath-catching glimpses of guardian giants, the closer acquaintance
with glacial rivers and wayward brooks, the greetings of the trail-
side flowers, the greetings too, of whistling marmots and lazy
porcupines, and of all the varied life of the high hills." Truly this
is life. Lucky indeed is he who can leave the world of cities and
commune with Nature, under the
drifted skies of Yoho Valley.
A short distance from Emerald
Lake is Lookout Point from where
is secured a superb view of the
surrounding country. Ahead for
twenty miles the glacier-girt Yoho
Valley unfolds its marvelous panorama,—the fairest corner of the
earth. It is a living verdant
garden walled in with eternal
rocks and snows. Throughout
its length a white foaming river
runs. From the great plateaus
of snow countless waterfalls leap
down the cliffs to join the river
below. Greatest of them all is
the giant Takakkaw, which
plunges from a height of
twelve    hundred    feet     over     a
Emerald Lake.
Page Twenty-eight*
-\ ^-fhe Qiaffenqe of the Mountains
Takakkaw Falls,   Yoho Valley.
Twin Falls, an almost unique
phenomenon, and as beautiful as
it is unexpected. Over a cliff
five hundred feet high, the melting glacier falls in twin cataracts
to the base of the rock wall where
they unite in a series of cascades,
which plunge ultimately down a
superb gorge with perpendicular
walls over a hundred feet high.
The excellent camps and good
trails of the Yoho Valley make
a trip through the vale one of
the most delightful mountain
rides in America. A great glacier,
too, far larger even than the
famous Illecillewaet Glacier of
the Selkirks, overhangs the right-
hand   fork of  the  valley.     The
tremendous rock wall. Its voice
of thunder awakens a thousand
echoes in the valley. "'Takakkaw" in the Indian tongue, means
"It is wonderful," and so it is.
But the Takakkaw are not
the only falls of the Yoho.
All up the valley other cascades are seen or heard. The
hills are crowned with glaciers,
and the water melted from them
seeks the shortest way to the
valley, even at the cost of a
plunge of hundreds of feet. Perhaps the most fascinating are the
Laughing Falls. Their leap is
only 200 feet, but their waters
seem to laugh with glee as they
go, and their milk-white flood
smiles delightfully through the
dark evergreens around. Further
up the valley, on the left branch
of   the   forked   stream,   are   the
Twin Falls, Yoho Valley.
Page Twenty-nine
) ^-fhe Qiaflenqe of the Mountains
Wapta Glacier, as it is named, is part of the great Waputekh ice
field guarded by Mount Gordon, Mount Balfour and the broken
crags of Trolltinderne (The Elfin's Crown).
At the forks of the Yoho Valley a shelter has been provided for
visitors and there are many who take advantage of it
The trip round the valley from Emerald Lake can be made in a
day. The return to Field may be varied by crossing the Burgess
Pass, which is unquestionably one of the finest mountain rides in
the world, and should be taken by every lover of mountain scenery.
From this lofty trail Emerald Lake is seen thousands of feet below,
with the Emerald Range rising beyond, while on the other hand
Mounts Cathedral, Stephen and Dennis and the Ottertail Range
excite admiration. From this eminence a zig-zag path leads down
by easy stages to Mount Stephen House.
During the year 1910, the carriage road from Field up the Yoho
Valley, leading to Takakkaw Falls, was completed. The most
difficult portions of the road—a couple of switch-backs—were put
in to make the grade of the ascent easier. From the summit of the
second switch-back a magnificent view of the river valley below and
Cathedral Mountain in the background is obtained. From this
point it is intended to construct a foot-path through the undergrowth to the river canyon, about one hundred yards distant, and to
have a number of rustic seats placed for the convenience and accommodation of tourists who will avail themselves of the opportunity of
visiting this wonderful view. Tourists from all parts of the world
have pronounced this valley one of the most beautiful they have ever
seen and the carriage road one of the best of mountain roads.
At Golden, near Field, is seen the model Swiss Village of "Edelweiss," built by the Canadian Pacific Railway for their Swiss guides.
For many years the C.P.R. have followed the practise of bringing
over from Europe a number of experienced guides who are stationed
at the various Rocky mountain resorts to aid those desiring to try
mountain climbing.    Formerly these guides returned to Switzerland
Swiss Village of "Edelweiss", near Golden, B.C.
Page Thirty
m i   id
^-fhe (haffenqe of the Mountains
Mountaineering Party at Lake Hector, near the Great Divide,
in the Canadian Rocky Mountains.
at the close of each season, but beginning this year they will make
Canada their permanent home, residing at "Edelweiss." These
guides are always at the service of guests at the various hotels,
where arrangements for their services can be made.
The Canadian Pacific Railway along with the Alpine Club of
Canada has done much to popularize mountain climbing in the
Canadian Rockies.    The Alpine Club has been especially active,
Page Thirty-one ^-fhe (naffenqe of the Mountains
its annual camps at the various
scenic points between Banff and
Glacier being largely attended.
Many representatives from various other clubs frequently visit
Emerald Lake, Lake Louise and
the other mountain resorts,
where every opportunity is afforded them to enjoy this invigorating and beneficial form of
Mountaineering is the greatest sport in the world. No other
play is so joyous in its anticipation nor so stimulating in its
realization. It brings you close
to the high places of the world
and gives the further compensation of physical fitness. There
is no other recreation which, in
all its aspects of surroundings
and exercise, will bring about
such a fast regeneration of worn
out nerves, tired brains and
flabby muscles.
Speaking of the Canadian Rockies, Dr. T. G. Longstaff, the
distinguished mountaineer says, "A visit of three months in Canada
leads me to remark that no mountaineer can withstand the attractions
of the Canadian Rockies. In the Canadian Rockies and Selkirks
there is a country awaiting for recognition, which I believe is destined
to become the playground of the world. In no other mountain
region of the globe do peak and cliff, snowfield and glacier, alp-
land and forest, lake, cataract and stream form such a perfect
combination as is to be found not in one, but in hundreds of places
in these glorious ranges."
Not only men, but also women are falling victims to the alluring
attractions of mountain climbing. They have come to the realization of the fact that no other sport embodies such features of
health and attractiveness and every year more and more women
are making their first ascents and joining the ranks of the experienced mountaineers.
The great field of action is alone sufficient to attract the mountaineer. As the New York Sun says, 'There are chances for the
mountain climber in the Canadian Rockies that surpass almost
anything on earth. There are still many peaks that have never
been climbed, and there are relatively few that have recognized
and usual courses of ascent, even those nearest the railway."
Swiss Guides in Canadian Rockies.
Page Thirty-two
♦ '=m
ESTLING in a niche of the narrow valley, a few rods from
the railway, and surrounded by the beautiful evergreen
trees that everywhere thrive in this region, is a charming
hotel, the Glacier House, which has become so popular that
the Canadian Pacific Railway Company has found it necessary
to enlarge the original structure, and erect new buildings. General
Hamilton wrote in the guests' book at the hotel: "My wife and I
have travelled for nearly forty years all over the world, and are
both agreed the scenery at Glacier House is the finest we have seen
in Europe, Asia, Africa or America."
First to attract the tourist is the Great Glacier of the Selkirks,
Glacier House, Glacier, B.C.
Page Thirty-three -*'r
^-fhe (ka/lenqe of the Mountains
which crowds its tremendous head down the mountain gorge,
within thirty minutes' walk of the hotel. At the left Sir Donald
rears his mighty peak more than a mile and a half above the railway.
A mountain rivulet rushes down the abruptly rocky sides of the
mountain opposite the hotel, and a trail has been cut up the steep
incline to a spot beside the rushing stream where a rustic summer
house has been erected. The effect is novel and pleasing. The
waters from this stream have been utilized to supply the hotel
and fountains that play in the foreground. All the streams here
are simply ice water from the glaciers. A tower has been erected
near the annex of the hotel, on which is a large telescope commanding
a view of the great glacier and surrounding objects.
The Great Glacier is nearly two miles from the hotel, but among
such gigantic surroundings looks much nearer. It is the centre of
a group of glaciers embracing more than one hundred and fifty-
seven square miles, and the hoary head seen from the hotel is one
The Great Glacier,  Glacier, B.C.
Page Thirty-four ^-fhe (ha/lenae of the Mountains
of several outlets. The great ice
peaks and glaciers are truly an
interesting study. They intensify
the gloomy thick clouds, and
burst into glittering silver when
the sun shines on them. Later
they are robed in the gorgeous
colors of the evening; and in the
mysterious silent night the moon
and the stars look down to see
their faces in their glassy surfaces.
The Illecillewaet Glacier, like
nearly every other observed
glacier in the world, is receding.
It is reckoned that the sun drives
it back on the average thirty-five
feet a year, recovering this much
from the bonds of ice. However,
after the ice is gone, and the
moraine remains, it will be many
centuries before the great rocks
carried down by the glacier are
reduced to dust, and the land
thus reclaimed supports renewed
From Glacier House other
expeditions of great interest may be made. One trail leads first to
the shores of Marion Lake, 1,750 feet above, and two miles distant
from the hotel, where a shelter is erected. Splendid views are
obtained, on the way, of the range from Eagle Peak to Sir Donald,
and a path strikes off for Observation Point, where another shelter
is built for those who would dwell on the glories of Rogers' Pass to
the northeast and the Illecillewaet Valley to the west. Mount Abbott
is a day's climb, but it is an easy one, and should be undertaken
by all, for from it a splendid view is obtained of the Asulkan Valley.
From Observation Point an extremely fine view is obtained
down the Illecillewaet Valley, along the precipitous sides or which
the track makes a descent of 522 feet in seven miles. This feat
taxed to the utmost the skill of the engineers, and they accomplished
it by means of the famous Loops of the Selkirks, a winding course
which the railway has to follow.
First, the track crosses a valley leading from Mount Bonney
Glacier. Then it touches, for a moment, the base of Ross Peak.
It doubles back to the right for a mile or more and so close are the
tracks that a stone might be tossed from one to the other. Next
it sweeps around and reaches the slope of Mount Cougar, on the
other side of the Illecillewaet, but it has to cross the stream once
more before it finally finds a way parallel to the general trend of the
valley. The line has made a double "S" in its course, and has
cut two long gashes on the mountain side, one above the other.
The Loops of the Selkirks,  near Glacier.
Page Thirty-five
) r^
^-Jhe (haffQnqe of the Mountains
Observation Tower, Glacier House, Glacier, B.C.
Twenty-two miles from Glacier, the Illecillewaet River runs
through the Albert Canyon, a gorge so marvellous that several of
the regular trains stop for a few minutes to allow passengers to see
its wonders.
These great caves, which were
discovered by Charles H.Deutsch-
man, are situated about six miles
from Glacier, B.C., at the head
of a beautiful valley, the altitude
being 1,980 feet from the track
and above the snow line. The
wonderful caverns are formed by
the action of water for ages upon
the solid rock, and are a series of
chambers with large entrances,
the ceilings being polished rock,
and varying in height. The main
chamber is about 200 feet in
height, with a varying width of
from 1 50 to 200 feet. The walls
sparkle with the quartz crystals,
and myriads of miniature lights
are reflected from the darkness.
Mount Sir Donald, Near Glacier, B.C.
Page Thirty-six
9n an
^~fhe (haflenqe of the Mountains
In other parts the walls are smooth as marble, the harder
portions of the formation showing like the rounded pillars of a
cathedral dome. No evidence has so far been discovered that any
portion of these caverns has ever been used as the habitation of
human beings. A visit to these remarkable caves is an interesting
day's trip from Glacier, as the scenery from the trail is grand beyond
The Canadian Rockies appeal strongest in the summer months,
when in most American cities the sun is beating mercilessly down
during the long torrid days; then "flee to the Mountains" for that
refreshing balm to tired minds and jaded nerves,, where the exhilarating air imbues all with new life and energy.
The Canadian Rockies are unique for their abnormally high
percentage of sunny days, their corresponding minimum of rain, and
Lookout Point at Caves of Nakimu.
Page Thirty-seven ^-fhe (haffenqe ofihe Mountains
Glacier, B.C., showing the Canadian Pacific Railway, the Station
and the Great Glacier itself.
the entire absence of foggy or misty weather and dew. From the
1 st of June to the 1 st of October there is practically no rain, except
passing showers of short duration, preceded and succeeded by bright
No greater contrast is it possible for mortals to enjoy than
from the city with its noisy rushing tumult, and the smoky, dusty,
hot streets, prosy stores and dwellings, where man and mammon
reign, to the Canadian Rockies, with their ambient air, blue skies,
fleecy clouds that oft obscure the giant peaks, emerald lakes and
rushing streams of clear pure water. The mountains, from time
immemorial, have always been an inspiration to mankind to higher
thoughts, where he is impressed with the magnitude of the works
of Nature, and the insignificance of the works of man; and inspired
to higher ideals and loftier purposes in life.
Everywhere in the mountains the visitor finds himself in strange
surroundings, and over all stand the majestic snow-tipped peaks,
ever extending a challenge to the newcomer to scale the granite
barrier and view a new world, with its endless combinations of light
and shade, parks and passes and gorges, always pervaded by a
clear electric atmosphere, which is a revelation to persons accustomed
to living in the close, damp air of the lower altitudes.
Page Thirty-eight acs
REVELSTOKE is an important centre; from it there is water
communication with the rich Kootenay and Boundary
districts. It is on the Columbia River, which has made a
great bend since the train crossed it at Donald and flowing
now south instead of north, is much increased in size. Twenty-
eight miles below Revelstoke it expands into the Arrow Lakes,
at Arrowhead, and from there well-appointed Canadian Pacific
Railway steamboats carry travellers to Nakusp and Robson from
which the Slocan, Kootenay, Boundary and Rossland districts
are reached.
Down the Arrow Lakes the steamer plies to Nakusp and West
Robson, passing, near the head of the lakes, the famous Halcyon
Hot Springs. This is a favorite summer resort, having a good
hotel, while opposite is Halcyon Peak, 10,400 feet high, and several
City of Nelson, British Columbia.
Page Thirty-nine
  -*. ' ■■-■• •■■•-  ■•■■ -  ■--
_&& t
^-jhe (haflenqe of the Mountains
fine waterfalls. A spur of the
Canadian Pacific Railway connects Nakusp with Sandon, on
Slocan Lake, in the centre of the
silver-lead district, and with Rose-
bery, to join the steamer that
plies down the lake to Slocan
City. Here again the rails begin
and communicate with Robson,
at the end of the Lower Arrow
on the west, and with Nelson,
on an arm of Kootenay Lake, on
the east
The Arrow Lakes steamer has
also come the full length from
West Robson, 165 miles through
splendid mountain scenery, while
from West Robson trains run
over a short but important line to
Trail and Rossland, through one
of the richest mining regions in
the world. Yet another branch
from Robson has been constructed  through  the   Boundary
district   to   Midway   and   opens   up   another   prosperous   mining
The Crows' Nest Branch of the Canadian Pacific Railway ends
at Kootenay Landing, and from there to Nelson there is communi-
C.P.R. Boat, near Nelson, B.C.
Halcyon Springs, at Arrow Lake, B.C.
Page Forty ■ aii
*dfhe Qtaffenqe ofihe Mountains
Kootenay Lake Hotel, at Balfour, B.C.
cation by Canadian Pacific Railway steamer. At Balfour, near
Nelson, the Canadian Pacific have erected a hotel for tourists, as this
district has great natural beauty. A steamboat line has been
established from Nelson up Kootenay Lake to Lardo, whence an
isolated branch of railway runs thirty-two miles north to Gerrard,
and a steamer plies across Trout Lake to Trout Lake City, a matter
of seventeen miles, so that every part of Southern British Columbia
may be visited. This is a charming country, which is growing
each season in popularity; attracting, by its many charms of lake
and mountain, tourists who love the fertile stretches in the beautiful
valleys, with their nestling fruit farms and the presence of population
and industry.
Nelson, the chief city in the Kootenay district, is situated at
an altitude of 1,760 feet above the sea level and on the south shore
of a splendid stretch of water. It is a charming city to visit and
has many attractions, including excellent rainbow trout fishing to
offer to anglers.
The Kootenay District has not only singular beauty of its own,
but it is also attaining a splendid reputation as a fruit-growing
section. Around Nelson are produced splendid apples, plums,
cherries and small fruits in large quantities and of delicious flavor.
The climate is much milder than in the Canadian Rockies to the
north, and the soil is apparently ideal for fruit culture.
Many tourists are now taking the Kootenay trip as an alternative route to the Pacific Coast, and thus seeing Canada's mountains under varying conditions, as the Kootenay has not the rugged
grandeur of the Canadian Rockies, but a different fascinating beauty
of valley, lake and mountain that appeals because of its varied
general attractiveness.
Page Forty-one ^fhe QiaffGnqe of the Mountains
P. A, O'Farrell, the well-known writer says of the Kootenay and
Arrow Lakes, "Few people, have any conception of the transcendent
beauty and of the riches of the Kootenays. There is nothing half
so grand, half so sublime, or half so beautiful in the scenery of
Switzerland or the Tyrol. Its river, forest, mountain and lake
scenery excel the world, and its climate is the best and most delightfully health giving on this globe."
"All the navies of Europe could manoeuvre for battle on the
Arrow or Kootenay Lakes. Slocan Lake could float all the war
ships of the world, and Lake Windermere rivals Killarney in enchanting loveliness."
One of the Scenic Features of the Kootenay District.
Page Forty-two ^-^sav
* ^fhoifie fo&s
STILL another Canadian Pacific hotel is encountered at Sicamous
Junction, on Shuswap Lake.     From here a branch line of the
railway extends southward to the Okanagan Lake, a beautiful
sheet  of water on which  the  railway operates a steamship
service.    The round  trip from Sicamous Junction to the foot of
the Lake occupies  two  days and forms a most enjoyable side trip.
Just beyond Ashcroft the Canyon of the Thompson is entered,
and the railway follows the river which here rushes forward foaming
and churning. At Lytton is met the Fraser. River and shortly
after is entered the famous Fraser Canyon. This is one of the most
beautiful canyons in the world, the river rushing through perpendicular cliffs hundreds of feet in height. For several miles the railway
hugs the towering cliffs, passing North Bend, in the very heart of
the canyon.
At Yale is felt the balmy air of the Pacific. At Spence's Bridge
is a curious Indian cemetery. At Agassiz is a fine Government
experimental fruit farm, while five miles away to the north is Harrison
Lake, a beautiful spot, with its hot sulphur springs, the visitors
to which will find good accommodation at Harrison Springs Hotel.
At Mission Junction the branch line runs to the international
boundary, and there joins the Northern Pacific Railroad. By this
route Seattle is reached and connection with the Shasta Route for
San Francisco and all the Pacific States. The main line, however,
keeps on past Westminster Junction (where a branch line leads
to Westminster), and arrives at the terminus of the Canadian Pacific
Railway at Vancouver.
Vancouver, on the shores of Burrard Inlet, is the largest city
in British Columbia, and has one of the finest harbors on the Pacific.
The many attractions of Vancouver, and the splendid service
of the Canadian Pacific Railway Hotel Vancouver, offer many
inducements to visit the numerous points of interest from here.
Vancouver typifies the true enterprising spirit of the West.
While comparatively a young city it is making rapid strides forward and is destined to become one of the largest municipalities
on the Pacific Coast. In its early days the city was swept by a
devastating  forest   fire,   which   left  destruction  in  its  wake,   but
Page Forty-three
^J ■ KB
^-fhe (hallenqe of the Mountains
the calamity only resulted in a
temporary set back to the town
and did not prevent it from gaining its present importance as an
industrial and commercial centre.
There are many beauty spots
in the vicinity of Vancouver,
which the tourist should see.
Chief among these is Stanley
Park a magnificent public playground reservation, wherein the
huge trees, for which British
Columbia is so justly famous, are
one of the feature attractions.
Another beauty spot in the vicinity of Vancouver is the Capilano
Canon where some titanic disturbance has made a deep wound
in the mother earth. At one
point the huge chasm is crossed
by a suspended foot bridge from
which a magnificent view of the
gorge is obtained.
A few hours' steam from
Vancouver is Victoria, the capital
of British Columbia.     Across the Falls Near Vancouver.
Straits of Georgia ply daily the Canadian Pacific Railway steamers "Princess Victoria" and "Princess Charlotte," of the Vancouver-
Victoria-Seattle service, passing through an archipelago of small
islands, comparable to the Thousands Islands of the St. Lawrence,
though with infinitely finer timber.
Canadian Pacific Railway's Hotel Vancouver, at Vancouver, B.C
Page Forty-four
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^-fhe Qiaffenqe of the Mountains
Victoria is a city of lovely homes and the seat of the Provincial Government, its Parliament Building being one of the handsomest edifices on the continent. This city is of singular beauty.
The magnificent Empress Hotel, one of the latest additions to the
splendid Canadian Pacific Hotel System, overlooks the harbor, and
for situation and appointments is acknowledged to be one of the
finest hotels on the Pacific Coast.
Beacon Hill Park, 300 acres in extent, is no less beautiful than
Stanley Park of Vancouver. Numerous other attractions are offered
to visitors, including splendid drives, golf and other sports.
The Parliament Building, at Victoria, is acknowledged to be one
of the handsomest and most imposing structures on the continent.
It is one of the first sights to catch the visitor's eye as he enters the
Foot Bridge spanning the Capilano Canon, near Vancouver, B.C.
Page Forty-five
3 (ft
''$0m ^S:
Whe (naffenqe of the Mountains
Canadian Pacific Railway's Empress Hotel, Victoria, British Columbia.
harbor of Victoria.     It stands amid spacious and beautifully-kept
lawns, the vivid green of which testifies to the mildness of the climate. .
In the Parliament Buildings there are three distinct Museums,
namely: in the Agricultural Department, the Mines Department,
and in a wing solely devoted to this purpose, there is what is known
as the Provincial Museum. This latter contains a most interesting
collection of British Columbia fossils, Indian curios and specimens
of natural history, and it is said by experts to be one of the most
perfect collections of its kind in America.
The Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway, from Victoria, has some
very interesting scenery to offer tourists, as well as excellent fishing
and hunting resorts. An important feature of the Railway is that,
by its completion to Port Alberni that point is made the most
westerly station in North America, with transcontinental connection.
It is also the nearest Canadian port to the Orient.
From Vancouver and Victoria connections can be made by
steamers with all parts of the world.
The Canadian Pacific Railway Company's Empresses transport
passengers swiftly and comfortably to Japan or China. The
Canadian-Australian line runs regularly to Honolulu, Fiji, Australia
and New Zealand; while if such long journeys are not desired, take
a Canadian Pacific Railway steamer up the British Columbia coast
to Alaska. The railway has an excellent steamship service to
northern points during the summer months, and the run is a popular
one, the route winding, throughout practically the whole course,
among the countless islands that dot the west coast. This sea
voyage through the inland waterways of British Columbia has
much of the weirdness and the beauty of other famous places,
combined with a peculiar charm of its own. It is distinctive in
that it is a salt water trip through a mountainous district, because
the islands past which the ships steam can, almost without exception,
boast of at least one mountain of good size.
Page Forty-six :#r*gj&frto
Whe Qiaffenqe of the Mountains
At present the Canadian Pacific Railway operates three boats
between Canada and the Orient,—The Empress of * Japan, the
Empress of India and the Monteagle. Next year this service will be
augmented by the addition of two palatial new "Empresses,"—the
Empress of Russia, and the Empress of Asia. These new steamships
are now being built in England and they will be the largest and
speediest boats operating on the Pacific ocean. They will be 570 feet
long, 68 feet beam, and will have a gross tonnage of 15,000 tons.
Speeding across the Pacific ocean at a speed of twenty knots an hour
the new" boats will be able to cut down the time required for the
voyage from Victoria to the Orient to ten days. Each of the new
steamships will have accommodation for over 1,200 passengers,
and will cost $2,500,000 each. They will be the first merchant
steamships to be built with cruiser sterns.
The interiors of the ships will be models of steamship elegance.
With the spacious social rooms and deck promenades provided
there will be no crowding. The cabins and suites will be unusually
large and amongst the new features, instead of the ordinary berths
in the cabins there will be bedsteads of brass or wood. There will
be writing rooms, a music room, library, cafe, a reception room,
a gymnasium, and a big beautiful dining room which will
accommodate all the passengers at one sitting.
The vessels will be equipped with every known device for safe
navigation, including wireless telegraphy and submarine signal system, and will be driven by turbine engines of 1 7,000 horse power.
The advent of these Ships to the Pacific will add greatly to the
pleasure of a trip to Japan and China.
Canadian Pacific Railway's New Pacific Ocean Steamships, Empresses of Asia and Russia.
Page Forty-seven
JJJ -r—" ^7       ;    :       :     — '
'^K-i.  "'•"•. -■ .*"»-
^-/?£ Qtaffonqe of the Mountains
anaaian Pacific Railway
Adelaide.'... South Aus
Antwerp Belgium
Auckland N.Z
IK »1 ti in ore Md
Battle Creek.. . .Mich
.Belfast Ireland
Bellingham Wash
Berlin Germany
Birmingham Eng
Bombay India
Boston Mass
Brandon Man
Brisbane Qd
Bristol Eng,
Brussels Belgium
. .N.Y
Calgary Alta
Canton China,
Chicago Ill
Cincinnati Ohio
Cleveland Ohio
Cologne Germany
Colombo Ceylon
Betroit Mich
Duluth Minn
Frankfort . . . Germany .
Glasgow Scotland.
Balif ax N.S
Hamburg .... Germany.
Hamilton Ont.
Hobart Tasmania .
Hongkong China.
Honolulu    H.I.
Kansas City Mo..
Kobe Japan.
.Liverpool EnG.
London Eng.
London Ont.
I_ros Angeles Gal.
Madrid Spain.
Melbourne Aus.
Minneapolis Minn.
Montreal Que,
Hfew York.
, Russia .
.. .B.C..
.. .N.Y.
Niagara Falls ..   N.Y.
If ice  France.
. . . .Ont.
France .
.Philadelphia Pa.
Pittsburgh Pa .
Portland Me .
Portland Ore .
Quebec Que .
Borne Italy .
Rotterdam. . .Holland.
Sault Ste. Marie Mich .
St. John N.B.
St. Louis Mo.
St. Paul Minn.
St. Petersburg. Russia .
San Francisco. . . .Cal.
Seattle Wash.
Shanghai China .
Spokane Wash .
Suva Fiji.
Sydney Aus.
Tacoma Wash.
Toronto Ont.
Trieste Austria.
"Vancouver B.C.
Victoria B.C.
"Vienna Austria .
"Warsaw Russia .
Washington D.C.
"Winnipeg Man .
. Japan.
. .Australasian United Steam Nav. Co., Ltd	
. .Thos. McNeil, Agent 25 Quai Jordaens
. .Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand, Ltd	
.. A. W. Robson, Passenger anckTicket Agent 127 East Baltimore St.
. -E. C. Oviatt, Traveling PaMinger Agent 363 Lake Ave.
.. Wm. McCalla, Agent 41 victoria St.
.. W. H. Gordon, Passenger Agent ; 113 West Holly St.
.. International Sleeping Car Co 69 Unter den Linden
. .W. J. Treadway,  Agent 4 Victoria Square
.. Thos. Cook & Son, Ewart Latham & Co	
.. F. R. Perry, General Agent, Passenger Department 332 Washington St.
G. A. Titcomb, City Passenger Agent 332 Washington St.
. . J. E. Proctor, District Passenger Agent	
. .The British India and Queensland Agency Co., Ltd	
.A. S. Ray, Agent - 18 St. Augustine's Parade
. .Thos. Cook & Son 41 Rue de la Madeleine
International Sleeping Car Co Nord Station
. .G. H. Griffin, City Passenger Agent 302 Main St.
.Thos. Cook & Son 9 Old Court House St.
Gillanders, Arbuthnot & Co	
. R. C. McNeillie, District Passenger Agent	
. Jardine, Matheson & Co	
.Geo. A. Walton, General Agent, Passenger Department.224 South Clark St.
.A. J. Blaisdell, General Agent, Passenger Department 436 Walnut St.
. Geo. A. Clifford, City Passenger Agent. . .Cor. Superior and West Third Sts.
. Thos. Cook & Son 1 Domhof
International Sleeping Car Co Central Station
. Thos. Cook & Son; Bois Brothers & Co	
. A. E. Edmonds, District Passenger Agent 7 Fort Street W.
.James Maney, Gen. Pass. Agent, D. S. S. & A. Ry Manhattan Bldg.
. International Sleeping Car Co 17 Kaiserstrasse
. Thomas Russell, Agent 120 St. Vincent St.
• J. D. Chipman, City Passenger and Freight Agent 37 George St.
. C. F. A. Flugge, Agent 8 Alsterdamm
. J. Merriman, City Passenger Agent Cor. King and James Sts.
.Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand, Ltd	
.D. W. Craddeck, General Traffic Agent, China, etc	
. Theo. H. Davies & Co., Ltd	
. Ed. Merchant, Traveling Passenger Agent 441 Sheidley Bldg
. J. Rankin, Agent 14 A. Maye-Machi
. F. W. Forster, Agent Royal Liver Building, Pier Head
.H. S. Carmichael, General Passenger Agent 62-65 Charing Cross S. W.
T. J. Smith, General Freight Agent 67-68 King William St. E. C.
. W. Fulton, City Passenger Agent 161 Dundas St.
. A. A. Polhamus, General Agent, Passenger Department. 609 South Spring St.
. Thos. Cook & Son 30 Calle de Arenal
International Sleeping Car Co 14 Calle de Alcala, Equitable Bldg.
.Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand, Ltd	
. W. R. Calloway, Passenger Agent, Soo Line 410 Nicollet Ave.
.A. E. Lalande, City Passenger Agent 238 St. James St.
E. J. Hebert, First Assistant General Passenger Agent . . Windsor St. Station
. International Sleeping Car Co Hotel Metropole
. J. A. McDonald, District Passenger Agent	
. W. H. Snell, General Agent Passenger Department 458 Broadway
International Sleeping Car Co 281 Fifth Ave.
. D.   Isaacs,  Agent Prospect  House
.Thos. Cook & Son 13 Promenade des Anglais
International Sleeping Car Co 2'Avenue Massena
.George Duncan, City Passenger Agent 42 Sparks St.
. Aug. Catoni, Agent 1 Rue Scribe
Thos. Cook & Son 1 Place d'Opera
.F. W. Huntington, General Agent, Passenger Dept. . . .629-631 Chestnut St.
. C. L. Williams, General Agent, Passenger Department 340 Sixth Ave.
. Leon W. Merritt, Ticket Agent, Maine Central Railroad Union Depot
. F. R. Johnston, General Agent, Passenger Department,
Cor. Third and Pine Sts. (Multnomah Hotel)
.G. J. P. Moore, City Passenger Agent 30 St. John St., cor Palace Hill
. Thos.  Cook & Son 54 Piazza Esedra di Termini
International Sleeping Car Co 93 Place Sau Silvestro
. Joh Otten & Zoon, Agents Noordblaak 13
. W. J. Atchison, City Passenger Agent, W. C. Sutherland. Depot Ticket Agent
. W. B. Howard, District Passenger Agent 8 King St.
.T. J. Barnes, City Passenger Agent 725 Olive St.
. L. M. Harmsen, City Ticket Agent, Soo Line 379 Robert St.
.The   Nordiske • Reisebureau,   Agents 19   Bolshaja   Konjushenaja
.G. M. Jackson, G. A. P. D 645 Market St.  (Palace Hotel)
,E. E. Penn, General Agent, Passenger Department 713 Second Ave.
. A. R. Owen, Agent	
. T. J. Wall, General Agent, Passenger Department 603 Sprague Ave.
. Union S. S. Co., of New Zealand, Ltd	
. Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand, Ltd	
. C. H. Naylor, City Passenger Agent 1113 Pacific Ave.
M. G. Murphy, Dist. Passenger Agt.; W. Maughan, C. T. A. 16 King St. East,
P. Christofldis, Agent Hotel De Vilie
.H. W. Brodie, General Passenger Agent: J. Moe, City Ticket Agent.
L. D. Chetham, City Passenger Agent 1102 Government St.
. S.   Altman,   Agent Kaerntnerring   ?
International Sleeping Car Co Hotel Bristol
A. L. Powell, C. F  & P. A Bond Bldg., 14th St. and New York Ave.
C. B. Foster, General Passenger Agent :	
A. G. Richardson, City Passenger Agent. ... Cor. Main St. and Portage Ave.
W. T. Payne, Manager Trans-Pacific Line 14 Bund
Messrs. THOS. COOK & SON, Tourist Agents, with offices in all parts of the world, are agents of
the Canadian Pacific Railway, and can supply tickets and information.
Page Forty-eight
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Contour interval 500. ft
97'5.MtGirouaW_     A\2^A\
Crfal M|ine
Sulphur Spn
Parf of"Rocl<y Mountains Map"published  by ri
Chief Geographer's oFFice, Departmenl- oFfhe Canadian Pacific Railway
Adelaide SOUTH Aus.. Australasian United Steam Nav. Co., Ltd	
Antwerp Belgium.. Sidney Edward Cruse, Agent 33Quai Jordaens
Auckland N. Z..Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand, Ltd.	
Baltimore Md..A. W. Robson, Passenger and Ticket Agent 127 E. Baltimore St.
Bellingham Wash..W. BE. Gordon, Passenger Agent 1233Elk St.
Berlin Germany..International Sleeping Car Co 69Unter den Linden
Bombay India..Ewart Latham & Co., Thos. Cook& Son	
Boston MASS..F.R. Perry, District Passenger Agent. 362 Washington St.
. ,G. A. Titcomb, City Passenger Agent	
Brandon Man.. J. E. Proctor, District Passenger Agent	
Brisbane Qc.The British India and Queensland Agency Co., Ltd	
Bristol Eng.. A. S. Ray, Agent 18 St. Augustine's Parade
Brussels Belgium..International Sleeping Car Co Nord Station
..Thos. Cook& Son 41 Rue de la Madeleine
Buffalo N. Y..G. H. Griffin, City Passenger Agent 233 Main St.
Calcutta India.. Thos. Cook& Son 9 Old Court House St.
..Gillanders, Arbuthnot & Co	
Calgary Alba..R. G. McNeillie, District Passenger Agent	
Canton China..Jardine, Matheson & Co	
Chicago III.. A. C. Shaw, General Agent, Passenger Department 232 S.Clark St.
Cincinnati    Ohio..A. J. Blaisdell, G. A.P. D Sinton Hotel Block, 15 E. Fourth St.
Cleveland Ohio.. Geo. A. Clifford, City Passenger Agent Cor. Superior and West Third Sts.
Cologne Germans..International Sleeping Car Co.. Central Station
..Thos. Cook & Son IDomhof
Colombo Ceylon.. Bois Brothers & Co., Thos. Cook & Son	
Detroit Mich.. A. E. Edmonds, District Passenger Agent 7 Fort Street W.
Duluth Minn..M. Adson, Gen. Passr. Agt.,D. S. S. & A. Ry Manhattan Bldg.
Frankfort Germans.. International Sleeping Car Co 17 Kaiserstrasse
Glasgow Scotland..Thomas Russell, Agent  ..120 St. Vincent St.
Halifax N. S..J. D. Chipman, City Passenger and Freight Agent 37 George St
Hamburg .... Germany.. C. F. A. Flugge 26 Alsterdam
Hamilton Ont..W. J. Grant, Commercial Agent Cor. King and James Sts.
Hobart Tasmania..Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand, Ltd	
Hongkong 1). W. Craddock, General Traffic Agent, China, etc	
Honolulu H. L.Theo. H. Davies &Co., Ltd.	
Kansas City Mo. .Ed Merchant, Travelling Passenger Agent 441 Sheidley Bldg.
Kobe Japan. .J. Rankin, Agent 14 A. Maye-Machi
Liverpool ENG..W. J. Pugsley, Agent 24 James St.
London Eng. .H. S. Carmichael, General Passenger Agent 62-65 Charing Cross S. W.
..T. J. Smith, General Freight Agent 67-68 King William St. E. C.
London Ont. . W. Fulton, City Passenger Agent 161 Dundas St.
Los Angeles Cal. .A. A. Polhamus, Traveling Passenger Agent 609 South Spring St.
Madrid Spain. .International'Sleeping Car Co 18 Calle de Alcala Equitable Bldg.
..Thos. Cook& Son 30 Calle de Arena
Melbourne Aus. .Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand, Ltd  	
Minneapolis Minn..W. B. Chandler, General Passenger Agent, Soo Line	
Montreal Que..E. J. Hebert, General Agent, Passenger Dept Windsor St. Station
. .A.E. Lalande, City Passenger Agent 129 St. James St.
Moscow Russia .International Sleeping Car Co Hotel Metropole
Nelson B. C.. W. J. Wells, District Passenger Agent	
New York N. Y. .Allan Cameron, General Traffic Agent 458 Broadway
■ ■International Sleeping Car Co 281 Fifth Ave.
Niagara Falls N. Y..D. Isaacs Prospect House
Nice France..International Sleeping Car Co 2 Avenue Massena
..Thos. Cook & Son 16 Avenue Massena
Ottawa Ont. . George Duncan, City Passenger Agent 42 Sparks St.
Paris France..International Sleeping Car Co 5 Boulevard des Capicunes
..Hernu, Peron & Co., Ltd., Ticket Agents 61 Boulevard Haussman
.. Thos. Cook & Son 1 Place d'Opera
Philadelphia Pa. .F. W. Huntington, General Agent, Passr. Dept 629-631 Chestnut St.
Pittsburg Pa. .T. G. Orr, Travelling Passenger Agent 317 Fifth Ave.
Portland Me..R. D. Jones, Ticket Agent, Maine Central Railroad Union Depot
Portland Ore. .F. R. Johnston, General Agent, Passenger Department 142 Third St.
Quebec Que .Jules Hone, City Passenger Agent 30 St. John St., cor. Palace Hill
Rome Italy..International Sleeping Car Co 93 Piazza San Silvestro
..Thos. Cook& Son 64PiazzaEsedra di Termini
Sault Ste. Marie. .Mich. . W. J. Atchison, City Passr. Agt.; W. C. Sutherland Depot Tioket Agent
St. John N. B..W. B. Howard, District Passenger Agent 8 King St.
St. Louis MO..T. J. Barnes. City Passenger Agent  725 Olive St.
St. Paul MINN..L. M. Harmsen, City Ticket Agent, Soo Line 379 Robert St.
St. Petersburg..Russia..International Sleeping Car Co 5 Perspective Newsky
San Francisco Cal. .E. E. Penn, G. A. P. D.; J. H. Griffin, D. F. A 645 Market St., Palace Hotel
Seattle Wash. .A. B. Calder, G. A. P. D Mutual Life Bldg., 609 First Ave.
Shanghai China. .A. R. Owen, Agent	
Spokane Wash. . G. A. Walton, General Agent, Passenger Department 14 Wall St.
Suva  Fiji. .Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand, Ltd	
Sydney Aus..Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand, Ltd	
Tacoma Wash..C. H. Reade, Passenger Agent 1113 Pacific Ave.
Toronto ONT..R. L. Thompson, District Passenger Agent 67 Yonge St.
Vancouver B. O..C. B. Foster, Asst. Gen. Passenger Agent; J. Moe, City Ticket Agent.
Victoria B. C..L. D. Chetham, City Passenger Agent 1102 Government St.
"Warsaw Russia..International Sleeping Car Co Hotel Bristol
"Washington D. C.. E. P. Allen, C. F. & P. A Bond Bldg., 14th St. and New York Ave.
"Winnipeg Man. .A. G. Richardson, City Passenger Agent Cor. Main St. and Portage Ave.
Yokohama Japan. . W. T. Payne, Manager Trans-Pacific Line 14 Bund
Messrs. THOS. COOK & SON, Tourist Agents, with offices in all parts of the world, are also
agents of the Canadian Pacific Railway, and can supply tickets and information.
A "B=3
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