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What to do at Banff in the Canadian Rockies Canadian Pacific Railway Company. Canadian Pacific Hotels. Banff Springs Hotel 1929

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ANAD
►A BANFF SPRINGS HOTEL
A Canadian Pacific Hotel
4.625 feet above sea level
Open in 1929 from May 15th to October 1st
CONTENTS
Page
The Stony Indian   2
Memories of the Past    3
Banff Springs Hotel    3
The Museum and Zoo    5
The Hot Springs  ...  6
Swimming    6
The Cave and Basin    7
Upper Hot Springs and Observatory    7
The Animal Corral   7
Golf   8
Tennis . .   9
Dancing   9
Boating and Canoeing 10
Recreation Grounds 10
Walking and Riding 10
Motoring. .  12
To Lake Minnewanka  13
To Johnston Canyon and Lake Louise 13
To Moraine Lake 14
To Yoho Valley and Emerald Lake. 14
The Kicking Horse Trail 15
24-Hour Motor Detour 15
Banff-Windermere Road 18
The Lariat Trail 20
Indian Week 20
The Highland Gathering 20
Rocky Mountains Park 21
Alpine Wild Flowers 22
Fishing 23
Hunting  24
Pony Trips 24
The Mountain Pony 24
Mount Assiniboine 26
To Mystic Lake 26
The Trail Riders of the Rockies 27
Alpine Climbing  29
What to Wear 30
Photography  30
Winter Sports 30
The Calgary Stampede 30 ::•<■ «VV.»;•_■.
■.W.'.y.;.;.;
The Bow River—Seen from the Hotel
ONG AGO—some forty years to be exact—an early
pioneer named this spot Banff the Beautiful, and
so it has been called ever since; for here Nature
seems to have bestowed every imaginable scenic
asset upon the region. An exquisitely forested, flower-
filled valley is watered by the blue-green Bow River, which
first winds past alpine meadows in which black bear and
deer pasture, and then tumbles down in a gorgeous fall just
below the spacious verandas of the Canadian Pacific
Hotel—only to flow smoothly on again through the giant
ravine that lies between Mount Rundle and Tunnel
Mountain.
The view down the Bow Valley from the wide terraces
and long windows in the luxurious lounges of the famous
Banff Springs Hotel is one of the most superb in the world,
and offers an unrivalled panorama of dense green masses
of pine and spruce sharp scythe-cut by the sparkling Bow
and Spray Rivers, the great massive Rockies framing the
picture on either side; while stretching away to the east a
chain of snow-capped peaks hems in the farther end of
the canyon.
The figures following the names of mountains in this booklet are
the heights of them, in feet, above sea level.       *
Printed in Canada—1929 Bow Falls, close to the Hotel
There on your right lies Mount Rundle (9,665) with
its queer "writing-desk" formation and sharp-toothed
ridge of pearl-grey rock; to the left rises Cascade Mountain
(9,826), with its impressive barren contours and its silvery
stream that falls like a crystal fringe from near the summit
down to the spot where the whole cascade (which gives
the mountain its name) disappears into the ground to run
subterraneously to join the Bow River. In front of you,
facing westward, towers the Fairholme Range, with Mount
Peechee (9,615), named after the Stony Indian who led
Sir George Simpson safely through The Gap into the Rocky
Mountains in 1841, when the Red men were by no means
so peaceful as they are today, guarding the southern end,
whi e Mount Inglismaldie (9,715) terminates the Range
to the north. Could anything be lovelier than this Valley
of the Bow?
The Stony Indian
Here are graven on tree and stone, and in legendary
lore, the ancient historical associations of Cree, Sioux and
Stony Indian—stalwart braves with their patient squaws
and little papooses, many of whom still camp out among
the mountains, eating the wild game they hunt and the fish
they catch and dry in the sun, mixed with roots and berries.
Most of the Stonys, however, now live on the Indian
Reserve at Morley, a forty-mile ride from Banff.
Page Two Mount Rundle
Memories of the Past
Indian place-names lie thick upon the land, such
as Ghost River, Devils Gap and Stony Squaw, coupled
with memories of the first coming of the White Man to the
"Shining Mountains;" such as Pierre de la Verendrye
who first sighted the foothills beyond Banff in 17-3, Sir
George Simpson, who in 1841 entered the Rockv Mountains on the first overland journey ever undertaken round
the world from east to west, and so passed across the site
of the present-day little town of Banff, Captain John
Palliser, who discovered the Kicking Horse Pass Sir James
Hector, whose monument may be seen at the Great Divide
on the Canadian Pacific Railway line at the summit of
the Range; and all those eminent railway builders who
between the years 1880-1885 toiled on this great line
Banff Springs Hotel
Banff has been for many years one of the most
popular mountain resorts on the continent—due not only
to its environment, but also to the beautifully situated and
splendidly appointed Banff Springs Hotel—a Canadian
Pacific hotel. It is all fireproof, the new structure having
been completed only in 1927.    The   entire  first   floor is
Page Three The Cave and Basin
given over to the public rooms, artistically decorated and
furnished, in which the architect has provided a Scotch
baronial atmosphere. Among the features are the period
suites—the Vice-Regal, Georgian, Jacobean, Tudor, Swiss
and Italian; the period influence also dominates the
lounges, including the magnificent Mount Stephen Hall.
At the hotel there is entertainment all the time. One
could be perfectly happy just looking out towards the
enclosing mountains, watching the swimmers in the warm
sulpher water pool, swimming oneself, playing tennis, or
studying the cosmopolitan types which one meets at this
great caravanserai. There is an excellent Turkish bath at
the hotel, very popular with those who come in after a
game of golf or an hour in the saddle. The spacious
luxurious lounges invite one to succumb to a contented
laziness.
An excellent orchestra plays at the luncheon and dinner
hours and provides the music for dancing in the evening,
and a library of up-to-date fiction is available for those
inclined to read.
Your First Day at Banff
On the   morning of your first day at   Banff it  is
easy to see a great number of interesting things and places
and so gain a very good idea of the natural resources and
marvels of the locality.    A morning motor drive (either
in a private car, or one of the many comfortable touring
Page Four Cascade Mountain and Banff Village
busses) through the little mountain town of Banff, where
as you drive along the main street you will find churches,
shops, cinemas and modern dance halls interspersed with
groups of cow-boys in woolly chaparejos and gay-colored
"neckerchiefs," sloe-eyed Indians in buckskin coats and
moccasins, packers, trappers, guides and other truly
mountain men, for here western conditions and eastern
civilization meet at the edge of the Rockies, and the
combination is extraordinarilv attractive.
The Museum and Zoo
Situated in the middle of the town is an excellent
Dominion Government Museum of flora, fauna, geology
and Indian relics; also a capital Zoo where you can see
many wild animals of the Rockies, such as grizzly bear,
mountain sheep and goat, cougar and lynx, in captivity.
Near the bridge are the Administration Offices of the Park
and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police headquarters.
There is also a most interesting fish hatchery near the
river on the hotel side of the bridge, which is well worth
a visit.
Page Five In the Buffalo Park
The Hot Springs
Had Banff not become famous for its beauty, it
must have become famous for its hot springs, which are
amongst the most important of this continent. The five
chief springs have a total flow of about a million gallons
a day, and issue from the ground the year round at a
temperature ranging from 78 to 112 degrees Fahrenheit.
Winter makes no difference to the temperature of the
water. The chief constituents are calcium sulphate, or
gypsum, calcium bicarbonate and magnesium sulphate,
and their therapeutic value is very high. The springs, which
are also radio-active, have been developed by the erection
at two of them of bath houses and swimming pools.
Swimming
Excellent swimming in warm sulphur water is
afforded at Banff Springs Hotel, which has its own large
and beautiful open-air pool. Here, where the temperatures
of the summer air and the water are delightfully blended,
and spring diving-boards offer opportunity for sport to
expert swimmers, the sloping depth of the bath gives
confidence to beginners at the shallow end; while the cold
fresh water pool adjacent to the warm bath provides an
invigorating plunge.
Page Six Banff Springs Hotel, from across the Bow River
The Cave and Basin
In the course of your drive you should visit the
natural Cave and Basin, where marvellous hot sulphur
springs flow out of the mountain-side, and, boiling up
through the ground, are caught in a fine $150,000 swimming
pool and series of private baths built by the Government;
there is always a crowd of people here enjoying the swimming, and drinking the beneficial waters. A short distance
farther on is the Sundance Canyon, a narrow rift in the
towering cliffs where many rock-plants bloom in the
crannies, watered by the melting snows that trickle down
from the ice-fields above.
Upper Hot Springs and Observatory
There is also a swimming pool at the upper Hot
Sulphur Springs on Sulphur Mountain, 1 yi miles by trail
or three miles by road, situated at an elevation about 800
feet higher than the hotel. This is on the way to the
Observatory on the top of Sulphur Mountain, which can
be reached only by trail (five miles from the hotel, requiring
four to six hours for the return trip). An automobile can
be taken part of this distance.
The Animal Corral
This is an immense fenced-in area where a herd of
buffaloes, mountain sheep, goat, moose, antelope and
other kindred of the wild roam at will through the vast
Page Seven The Swimming Pool, Banff Springs Hotel
forested pasturage. You can drive into this corral quite
close up to the buffaloes, which, by the way, are really
bison, and enjoy studying them in their natural surroundings. A new route may be followed on your way back to
the hotel, that will afford beautiful views of the Sawback
Range with the lovely chain of Vermilion Lakes in the
foreground, and the Massive Range rising up to 9,950 feet
into the skv.
Golf
An eighteen-hole golf course, superbly located on
the banks of the Bow River, and guarded by huge bastions
of rock, turreted and pinnacled like the fortified castle of
old, is open to all visitors to Banff on payment of green
fees. The course has been entirely reconstructed by the
Canadian Pacific, under the supervision of the famous
golf architect, Stanley Thompson, and now offers one of
the finest, most perfectly balanced and most scenically
beautiful courses in the world. Starting from within 300
feet of the Banff Springs Hotel, it has a length of 6,640
yards and a par of 71. One feature, to suit all types of
golfers, is the use of three tees for each hole, providing
three courses—long, medium and short. The fairways are
doubly wide, with two routes to each hole.
Page Eight '
Onjhe Tennis Court, Banff Springs Hotel
The rates charged at Banff Springs Golf Course are
as follows: .
Per dav or per round $ 3 .00
Per week    15.00
Per month    50.00
Per season    75.00
Tennis
For tennis players there are several admirable
courts, and the exquisite summer climate of Banff being
very conducive to both golf and tennis a large number of
people may always be seen enjoying the games.
Dancing
Do you dance? What an absurd question to ask in
these days when everyone from seven to seventy years of
age delights in good music, a good floor and a good partner!
The ballroom at the Banff Springs Hotel is superb, and
every evening an excellent orchestra is in attendance
there, so that you can dance to your heart's content; for
so invigorating is the alpine air at this altitude that even
after the most strenuous hours spent out among the
mountains, you will enjoy a dance on your return in the
evening as much as if you had spent an idle day.
Page Nine A Scene During   'Indian Week
Boating and Launch Trips
A few minutes from the bridge is the Bow River
Boat house. From here motor launches set out several
times a day on a twelve-mile trip in which the surrounding
mountains are seen from a unique and advantageous point
of view. Here, also, canoes and row boats are obtainable.
Echo River and Willow Creek, overhung with arching
trees, are especially attractive to those who wish to row
or paddle on tranquil mountain streams; by following
Willow Creek the lovely Vermilion Lakes are reached.
Recreation Grounds
This section of the park, by the Bow River, is not
far from the bridge and can be reached by a delightful
road by the river, or from the Cave and Basin motor road.
There is a building for recreation purposes, also spaces for
baseball, tennis, football and cricket. The club house of
the Banff Gun Club is not far distant, and here trap
shooting competitions are held.
Walking and Riding
There are many delightful walks and rides in the
immediate vicinity. The roads are good and the trails
especially lovely.   The Bow Falls are only a few minutes'
Page Ten •::<<<^^
mmmmmmmmMmmmyyymm
During the Highland Games
walk from the Banff Springs Hotel; the trail which goes
up the hill near them affords a lovely view of the falls
and the rapids farther up stream.
The Tunnel Mountain motor road, on the east side of
the river, gives beautiful views of the town, Bow Valley
and the surrounding peaks. A trail branches off this road
almost opposite the hotel, practically above the falls;
following the river, at times leading into tiny meadows,
it eventually comes out at the far side of Tunnel Mountain.
The motor trip up this mountain should also be taken.
The Cave and Basin and Sundance Canyon, two objectives for a walk or ride, have already been mentioned.
There are also short delightful trails through the woods
between Spray Avenue and the motor road leading to the
Upper Hot Springs.
There are pony trails and short cuts up Tunnel Mountain
which one can take if walking. It makes an easy climb;
its elevation is only 5,540 feet. Stony Squaw, north of
Tunnel Mountain and 620 feet higher, is really a walk.
It is fascinatingly green in a world of grey peaks and snow-
fields; and those who are attracted up its slopes are well
repaid.
Sulphur Mountain is another delightful walk. The
novice will no doubt insert the word "climb," and argue
Page Eleven o
Mountain Sheep on the Banff-Lake Louise Road
the word "walk" is incorrect. Sulphur is 8,040 feet, with the
Observatory at the summit. To shorten the climb, a
motor can be taken to the foot of the trail, thus lessening
the distance. One of the pleasantest ways of ascent is on
the back of a pony. On the long wooded slope of this
mountain is the club house of the Alpine Club of Canada.
Motoring
One of the first questions asked by a tourist arriving
at his destination in the Rocky Mountains is "Where can
I motor to?" At Banff the Beautiful the answer is so
varied that a brief enumeration of a few specially delightful
trips will be in order. Of course, the shorter runs will
carry the first appeal; but having seen these nearby places,
it is to points of interest farther afield that your thoughts
will turn, and after deciding whether to engage a private
motor and make trips at your leisure, or to join some well-
planned excursion in one of the many sight-seeing busses,
which leave the Hotel daily for points in all directions, you
can then settle upon your objective.
In a motor you can approach close to many glorious
mountains with glaciers like great green emeralds set in
their rocky sides—run along the shores of lakes of amethyst,
Page Twelve Fishing at Lake Minnewanka
opal and pearl, catch glimpses of the perfumed valleys,
and pass through forests beneath whose fir trees dainty
wild flowers blossom in profusion.
The Automobile Agent has an office in the hotel, where
trips may be planned. All rates are according to a
Government tariff.
Lake Minnewanka
A short motor run is tp Lake Minnewanka, eight
miles north of Banff, and about fourteen miles long. From
the hotel the route lies through the town, east of Stony
Squaw and Cascade Mountains, past the buffalo park and
through Bankhead to the lake at the head of Cascade
Creek. A weird, elusive beauty made the Indians rightly
name it "Spirit Water." A motor launch runs to the end
of the lake, and about half-way passes the beautiful little
Aylmer Canyon, over which towers Mount Aylmer (10,365
feet high), while facing it on the opposite shore rises the
head of Mount Inglismaldie (9,715 feet). Row boats are
obtainable, and large trout may be fished for. Lake
Minnewanka Chalet, on the lake shore, is a popular place
for afternoon teas and meals.
To Johnston Canyon and Lake Louise
A well-graded road leads out from Banff westward for sixteen miles up the Bow Valley to Johnston
Pas.e Thirteen. Canyon, where a series of waterfalls, ending in a final
foaming cascade, is most attractive, and a very enjoyable
picnic may be made up the Canyon or lunch partaken of
at the rustic Tea House located near the highway.
Past Johnston Canyon the road continues, past the
imposing battlemented and serrated cliffs of Castle
Mountain on the north, and the snow-capped dome of
Mount Temple on the south, to Lake Louise, a spot so
beautiful that no one who visits the Canadian Rockies can
afford to miss seeing it. A jade-green lake that is stained
rose-pink at dawn by the rising sun, and again at eventide
garners up tints of topaz and coral from the declining sun,
as huge avalanches come crashing down off the snowy
heights of Mount Victoria onto the moraine below—a lake
that glistens in the noonday, and gleams with opalescent
radiance beneath the star-sown purple of the sky—there
it lies like an alabaster cup of absinthe held high in the
stone hands of the gigantic peaks, which rise up around it.
At Lake Louise is the well-known Chateau Lake Louise,
another Canadian Pacific hotel.
To Moraine Lake
At Lake Louise, another nine miles of excellent
road brings you to Moraine Lake, where the Ten Peaks
(all over 10,000 feet high) stand in a giant semi-circle
about the sapphire lake.
Here an artistic Bungalow Camp offers you a meal of
real "home-cooked" food, and a pleasant stay, should you
decide to spend a few days beneath its friendly roof,
scrambling about in search of lovely view-points and
fragrant wild flowers or fishing for cut-throat trout in
nearby Consolation Lake.
Yoho Valley and Emerald Lake
The Lake Louise road has now been continued as
far as Field, Emerald Lake and Golden. Leading west
on a high line to the Great Divide, and crossing the railway
to near Wapta Lake, it follows the Kicking Horse River
down to Field. At Wapta Lake is a most attractive
Bungalow Camp.
A branch road leads to the Yoho Valley, a region of
exceptional beauty, where the great Takakkaw Falls,
1,200 feet high, bursts out from under the glacier lying
between Mount Balfour and Mount Niles, and pours
foaming down into the green lap of the virgin forest. The
Yoho Valley Bungalow Camp is another delightful one,
and tourists are advised to stay over a night there when
on a motor trip. Emerald Lake, with its delightful chalet
and restful club house, lies at the end of another branch
road, the culmination of spectacular scenery.
Page Fourteen Yoho Valley Bungalow Camp
The Kicking Horse Trail
From Emerald Lake, an extension opened in 1927—
"Kicking Horse Trail"—leads to Golden, on the mighty
Columbia River.    This is a most spectacular ride.
At Golden, the Columbia River road, running south to
Lake Windermere and Cranbrook, joins this road, and
makes a magnificent circle trip which is mentioned elsewhere under the name of "The Lariat Trail."
24-Hour Motor Detour
One of the finest of the organized automobile excursions is the "24-Hour Motor Detour" inaugurated in the
summer of 1928. This is from Banff to Golden, and gives
a rapid survey of the "highlights" of the nearer mountain
region. Leaving Banff after lunch, a 42-mile run is made
to Lake Louise, and the night spent at the Chateau Lake
Louise. Next morning the journey continues to the Great
Divide, Wapta Lake, the Kicking Horse Pass, Yoho
Valley, Emerald Lake, the Kicking Horse Canyon, and
Golden. Similar schedules are established in the reverse
direction.
Page Fifteen o
Motor Trips from Banff
Two of the magnificent motor
trips available from Banff are:
The 24-Hour Motor Detour
—Leaving Banff each afternoon, spending the night at
the Chateau Lake Louise,
and the next day visiting
Wapta Lake, the Yoho Valley, Emerald Lake, the Kick-
ing Horse Canyon and
Golden, arriving at the latter
point in time to take the
westbound train.
Similar schedules in east-
bound direction.
Cost, including transfer
and general sight-seeing drive
at Banff, but not meals en
route or room at Lake
Louise, $18.50.
The Lariat Trail—Leaving
Banff 9.00 a.m. every Monday and Thursday (or on
any day with a minimum of
4 passengers) and following
the Banff-Windermere Road
to Radium Hot Springs,
thence turning north along
the Golden Highway to
Golden, and back along the
Kicking Horse Trail.
First night at Radium Hot
Springs Bungalow Camp,
second night at Emerald Lake
Chalet, third afternoon reach
Banff.
Cost (not including meals
or lodgings) $30.00.
Page Sixteen
Page Seventeen This Detour is so timed as to waste no time, but to pick
through passengers up soon after their arrival at either
Banff (going westward) or Golden (going eastward), and
to set them down at the other end of the trip in time to
take their train. Special arrangements are made for
handling baggage and sleeping-car reservations. The
length of the Detour, including a sight-seeing ride round
Banff, is 142 miles. \
All these trips described as suitable for motors may
be made on horseback, or walking, according to the taste
of the tourist.
The Banff-Windermere Road
Here is a trip worthy of your best attention! The
Banff-Windermere Road is the same as the Banff-Lake
Louise road as far as Castle Mountain, where it crosses the
Bow River by a bridge and ascends to the summit of the
Vermilion Pass (5,264). From the veranda of Castle
Mountain Bungalow Camp (26 miles from Banff) an
awe-inspiring view is obtained of the valley lying five
hundred feet below, jewelled with lakes that, chameleonlike, reflect the changing colors of the sky, where the
pinnacled mountains of the Great Divide point their
slender snow-white fingers up to heaven. Here you enter
the Kootenay National Park, and pass close to Marble
Canyon, a terrific chasm 300 feet deep, over whose terraces
of blue and pinkish marble the waters of Tokumn Creek
leap in cascades down the canyon.
A little farther on are the Paint Pots, round wells of
color once prized by the local Indians. Soon Vermilion
River is crossed. This is a region of wild flowers and
game, and you will frequently catch a glimpse of a deer,
a mountain goat, or even a moose, while the little black
bears will actually venture out on the road to stare in
wonder at your car, and greedily eat any lumps of sugar
or cake you may throw to them.
Then Sinclair Pass is entered—a narrow gorge through
crowding mountains. This district is richly provided with
natural sulphur springs, and near Radium Hot Springs
Bungalow Camp (91 miles from Banff) there is a swimming
pool built by the Government. Just beyond is the great
sword-cut of Sinclair Canyon. And then one wheels and
circles like a lazy leaf, by easy stages down to Windermere,
cradled in the Columbia Valley.
This motor run to Windermere forms part of the Circle
Road of 600 miles that crosses the summit of the Rockies,
and links up in a huge circle Calgary, Banff, Windermere,
Cranbrook and Macleod; this Circle Road being in turn
linked up at the International Boundary with the Columbia
 „-_ -     - ... ...  -^.-      -  a^_J_ . , _________________________ : _____________	
Page Eighteen Iron Gates, Sinclair Canyon, Banff-Windermere Read
)f
Page Nineteen Highway out of Portland, Oregon, and the Grand National
Circle Tour of the Yosemite, Grand Canyon and Yellowstone Parks.
Lake Windermere
Lake Windermere is a centre for excursions up
Toby Creek and Horse Thief Creek to the great ice fields
of the Selkirks, notably the Lake of the Hanging Glaciers.
Bathing, riding, boating, fishing and motoring can be
enjoyed on the shores of Lake Windermere, and good
trout fishing can be found in nearby creeks and some of
the smaller lakes.
The Columbia River Highway runs from Golden to
Lake Windermere, thus forming, in connection with the
Banff-Windermere Pvoad and the Banff-Golden Road, a
complete circuit of three National Parks, Rocky Mountains, Yoho and Kootenay.
The Lariat Trail
A very fine excursion, called "the Lariat Trail,"
occupying three days, is organized to leave Banff twice
a week in the summer months to embrace these three
parks. Leaving Banff, it proceeds to Castle Mountain,
turns south along the Banff-Windermere Road as far as
Radium Hot Springs (where the first night is spent), thence
turns north to Golden and east along the Kicking Horse
Canyon to Emerald Lake (second night). The third day it
runs to Yoho Valley, Wapta Lake, the Great Divide,
Lake Louise and Banff.
The Highland Gathering
At Banff this year, from August 30th to September
2nd, will be repeated the "Highland Gathering," which
has proved so remarkably successful since its inception,
two years ago.
This is a great Scotch festival of music and sports, to
which singers from all parts of America come, and bagpipers from Highland regiments to play in competitions,
and in which the sturdy old Scotch sports, and the fine
Scotch costume dancing, are to be seen at their best.
A special little booklet will be issued about the Highland
Gathering, and will be procurable from Canadian Pacific
agencies.
.   Indian Week
Indian Week at Banff is one of the most colorful
spectacles on the North American continent. Between
three and four hundred Stony   Indians come   from   the
Page Twenty lllllt
lillii
Lake Louise
Morley reserve, forty miles east of Banff, for their tribal
sports. In the summer of 1929 they will be joined by
other tribes in a pageant on a scale greater than ever
before (fourth week in July). Each morning they have a
parade in which the majority of the Indians take part; the
tribe is all mounted, while many splendid horses are used,
resplendent in gorgeous trappings and headpieces. The
costumes of both men and women are creations of white
buckskin, beadwork and ermine, their color schemes being
exceedingly wonderful, and they ride with dignity and
poise.
Rocky Mountains Park
Rocky Mountains National Park, of which Banff is
the headquarters, is bounded on the west by the inter-
provincial boundary between Alberta and British
Columbia, and on the east by, approximately, the first
big ranges of the Rockies. It has an area of 2,751 square
miles, its greatest length being about one hundred miles.
No part of the Rockies exhibits a greater variety of
sublime and romantic scenery, and nowhere are good
points of view and features of special interest so accessible,
with so many good roads and bridle paths.
Its principal mountain ranges are the Vermilion,
Kananaskis,   Bourgeau,   Bow  and  Sawback    ranges;   its
Page Twenty-one
/ principal river is the Bow, which has for chief tributaries
the Kananaskis, Spray, Cascade and Pipestone rivers.
The Panther and Red Deer rivers flow through the northeastern portion of the Park, which includes part of the
Bow River Forest Reserves. Of the many beautiful
lakes within the Park, the principal are Louise, Minnewanka, Moraine, Hector, Spray, Kananaskis and Bow
Lakes. The Canadian Pacific runs through the middle
of the Park, entering at the Gap and following the Bow
River.
Alpine Wild Flowers
The Alpine wild flowers of the Canadian Rockies
are beautiful beyond all description, and vary according
to locality and altitude, so that one may each day discover
new and lovely blossoms, and find a fresh delight on every
mountain slope, in the sun-filled valleys and beside the
streams. To appreciate the charm and wonderful variety
of these Alpine flowers one has to go on foot, preferably
with a flower guide-book in hand, such as can be obtained
at the Curio Stand of the hotel.
On the Loop at Banff, which is a veritable flower-garden
during the months of June, July and August, there follow
in quick succession the big purple anemones, clematis,
blue and yellow columbines, showy gaillardias, cream
and mauve vetches, everlastings, red, blue and white
wind flowers, goldenrod, bright blue flax and the fragrant
little androsaces; while on the slopes of Sulphur Mountain
and in similar regions, grow purple phacelia, asters and
violets; many tiny species of low-growing plants flourishing
near the summits of the hills, such as dryas, moss campion,
saxifrage, harebell, stonecrop and fleabane.
As you thread your way through the woods and over
the open spaces in the forest, wandering from 4,500 up to
5,500 feet altitude, you will come across the big-headed
betony, wintergreens of several kinds, louseworts, gorgeous
orange lilies, magenta willow-herbs, scarlet Indian paint
brushes, yellow arnicas and hawkweeds; and where you
follow along the edge of some ice-born brook, new treasures
await you on every hand, among them the fly-spotted
orchis, purple butterworts, Grass-of-Parnassus, blue
lobelias and lavender mints.
Very rare are the exquisite white moccasin flowers, their
velvet sacs, flecked with red, gleaming among the greenery
in shady places, the large, white-spotted blue Gentian,
and the deep lilac Macoun's Gentian being almost equally
uncommon, consequently to find a clump of any one of
these three beautiful flowers marks a red-letter day in
your summer calendar.
Page Twenty-two Fishing in the Bow River
The principal trees at Banff are lodge-pole pine, Engel-
mann's spruce and aspen poplar, the leaves of the latter
turning a wonderful clear yellow as autumn advances.
Fishing
Five varieties of game fish have their habitat in
the waters of Rocky Mountains National Park—the
cut-throat, lake, Dolly Varden, bull and brook trout.
Close by in the Bow River are plenty of Dolly Varden
trout which the expert may catch with -the fly; the pools
below the Falls, the reaches above the Banff Bridge, and
the waters at the junction of the Bow and Kananaskis
Rivers being equally good spots in which to cast; while in
the Vermilion Lakes are many small fish sufficiently
gamy in play to give you fair sport. Farther away in
Forty Mile Creek, Mystic Lake and the Sawback Lakes,
there is fishing for cut-throat trout during the summer
months.   All these places may be reached by pony trail.
You can fish the Spray River to advantage, beginning
10 miles south of Banff, and continuing on for another
18 miles to the Spray Lakes, in which both cut-throat and
Dolly Varden trout of good size are caught in July and
August. It is advisable for fishermen to consult the
Fishing   Inspector at  the Government Offices in Banff
Page Twenty-three regarding the best means of reaching the more distant
fishing grounds, also as to information about other trouting
streams and lakes. The season for trout fishing is from
July 1st to September 30th. There is no license required
for fishing iri the Parks, but the legal limit must be observed
Fishing tackle and flies can be obtained at several of the
stores in town.
Hunting
Within the area of the Rocky Mountains Park in
which Banff is situated, one may hunt only with field-
glasses and a camera, all game and bird-life being strictly
preserved; but once you are outside the Park limits, grizzly,
cinnamon and black bear, mountain sheep and goat,
moose, caribou, cougar, wolf and lynx may be hunted
under the restrictions of the Provincial Game Laws.
In certain territory wapiti (or elk) are also included
among the big game possibilities. Banff is one of the
best outfitting points in the Canadian Rockies, and the
tourist who wishes to go out hunting should consult one
or other of the local guides, or outfitters, in the town.
Astride a Pony
Numerous as are the motor drives about Banff,
beautiful as are the spots reached by car, there are many
places which can only be approached by trail, astride or
afoot, that rank amongst the most attractive play-grounds
in the Canadian Rockies. There are short jaunts out
from Banff which may be taken in a single afternoon, or
in one day—to The Loop, Mount Edith Pass, up to the
summit of Stony Squaw, or Sulphur Mountain, the top of
Tunnel Mountain, over to the Animal Corral, along to the
Cave and Basin and on to the Sundance Canyon, or to
the Upper Hot Springs.
The livery agent of the Brewster Transport Company
has an office in the Hotel and can arrange for ponies.
The Mountain Pony
The mountain pony, mountain-bred, fool-proof,
untiring, can be ridden by practically anyone, whether he
or she has ever before been on a horse or not. From Banff
Springs Hotel there are good roads and trails radiating
in all directions, which are kept up by the National
Parks Department. Some trail trips are of one day's
duration only; others stretch over several days, necessitating
carrying camping outfit. It is customary on all long trips,
and even on some short ones, to engage guides who supply
horses, tents,  food, etc., and do the necessary cooking.
Page Twenty-four ■
Mount Assiniboine
Page Twenty-five Out with the Trail Riders
Mount Assiniboine
Mount Assiniboine —aptly termed the "Matter-
horn of the Canadian Rockies"—rises in impressive
grandeur to a height of 11,860 feet in the centre of one of
the most magnificent mountain regions in the world At
the foot of this peak, and near the shore of Lake Magog
is situated a comfortable and well-equipped log cabin
operated by Marquis N. degli Albizzi, a well-known
sportsman and outdoor enthusiast.
This camp is reached from Banff by a two days' horseback ride oyer the spectacular new trail by way of Brewster
Lreek, or by a longer trip via the Spray Lakes The
return journey can be made by travelling the beautiful
summit country in the vicinity of Mount Assiniboine
through the heather and flowers of Simpson Pass and then
down Healey Creek. A halfway cabin has been established
as an overnight stop for the convenience of those making
the trip via Brewster Creek.
Mystic Lake
North from Banff, there is a very fine trail ride to
Mystic Lake along the side of Mount Norquay and down
to horty-Mile Creek.    It cannot be made in one day.
Page Twenty-six
-B !»
Emerald Lake Chalet
but near Mystic Lake there is a specially-constructed log
house with sleeping quarters and cook-stove, where the
night can be spent. An extension can be made to Sawback
Lake. Organized rides to Stony, Sawback and Mystic
Lakes will leave Banff by special arrangement.
Another circle ride, under the auspices of the Trail
Riders' Association, this time a six-day one, is operated
once a week from Lake Louise around the Bungalow
Camps situated in Yoho National Park.
Trail Riders
Those who have ridden fifty miles or upwards in the
Canadian Rockies are qualified for membership in the Trail
Riders of the Canadian Rockies, which affords an unusual
opportunity for those interested in trail-riding to get
together. The aims of the Trail Riders7 Association are,
principally to encourage travel on horseback through the
Canadian Rockies, to foster the maintenance and improvement of old trails and the building of new trails, and to
encourage the love of out-door life.
Membership is of several grades, according to the
distance ridden—50, 100, 500, 1,000 and 2,500 miles.
There are now 1,100 members.
Page Twenty-seven Castle Mountain Bungalow Camp
Official Ride
Each year an annual "Pow-Wow" and Official Ride
is held, lasting several days and bringing together a large
number of men and women interested in the fine recreation
of trail-riding. The 1929 Official Ride will be from Banff
up Healy Creek over the Simpson Pass, with a side trip
to Egypt Lakes and then via Shadow Lake and Twin
Lakes over a new trail to Castle Mountain Bungalow
Camp, where the "Pow-Wow" will be held—the date of
ride and "Pow-Wow" being August lst-4th.
A few days later there will be a 20-day ride to the
Columbia Ice Fields, over Bow Pass from Lake Louise,
limited to 20 riders, exclusive of guides. Those participating in this long ride must have qualified by holding the
silver button (100 miles) or higher grades of button.
Rates for the Simpson Pass-Egypt Lakes ride, including
horse, food and share of tent, will be $50.00. Riders must
bring their own sleeping bags and blankets. Rates for
the longer ride on application to the Secretary-Treasurer.
Reservations must be made at least 14 days in advance
to the Secretary-Treasurer, Mr. J. M. Gibbon, Room 324,
Windsor Station, Montreal; Que.
Page Twenty-eight
s- Canoeing on the Bow River
Alpine Climbing
For real alpine climbing the services of a skilled
mountain guide, preferably one of the Swiss guides
attached to the Canadian Pacific Hotels, are indispensable,
and such may be obtained by application at the Hotel
Office. There are a number of fine ascents in the vicinity
of Banff, some of which are visible from the verandas
of the Hotel, such as Mount Peechee, Inglismaldie, Edith,
Rundle, Three Sisters, Pilot, Brett, Cascade, Aylmer
and Assiniboine. Some of these climbs are well within
the reach of any person of good physique, while a few,
such as Mount Aylmer, Mount Edith and Mount Assiniboine, are much more difficult peaks.
The Alpine Club of Canada
The Alpine Club, of Canada, with considerably
over 600 members, and headquarters established in a
singularly handsome Club House at Banff, holds a Camp
each year in the Canadian Rockies, and welcomes all
who have the ambition to climb or are interested in any
way in the mountains. The Annual Camp in 1929 will
be held during the last two weeks of July at Rogers Pass,
near Glacier, on the main line of the Canadian Pacific
Railway.
Page Twenty-nine What to Wear
For real comfort when either riding, or walking
on the trail, the clothing of men and women is practically
the same, the weight of garments worn being regulated by
the season and the altitude to be ascended. On general
principles the following is a common-sense outfit for
expeditions: breeches and coat of closely woven tweed, a
flannel shirt and silk neck-handkerchief, thin merino
undergarments, straw or felt hat with a brim, woollen
stockings (a pair of cashmere socks worn under them on
long tramps), stout boots with lightly nailed soles, and a
thin slicker. ■    .    .       -      .
When on riding or walking expeditions of more than
one day's duration, it will, of course, be necessary to add
certain things to this list, such as a change of undergarments, sleeping-suit, an extra thick coat (preferably of
blanket), canvas shoes and toilet articles reduced to a
minimum. If possible always carry a pair of field-glasses
and a small camera; they will add enormously to your
pleasure. Women making their first long tramp will be
well advised to strap up their heels with adhesive tape;
to do so may save them from blisters.
Photography
Every turn of the road brings a picture in this
fairyland of mountains. Films can be developed and
prints supplied by the photographic studio attached to
the Hotel (apply at the Curio Stand) or at the excellent
photographic stores in town.
Winter Sports
Banff is rapidly becoming an important centre for
winter sports, the Annual Winter Sports Carnival in early
February attracting large crowds. Ski-ing, tobogganing,
skating and bob-sledding are amongst the popular
attractions.
The Calgary Stampede
Alberta, always a country of considerable stock-
raising interests, is still one of the principal ranching
sections of the West; and in the "Stampede" held at
Calgary, the glories of the Old West are revived annually
in a week's carnival of frontier sports and contests. The
Calgary Stampede has now become a famous frontier-day
celebration, and contestants come from all parts of the
continent. Cowboys, Indians, Mounted Policemen,
old timers, are all to be seen in this Western epic. It will
be held in 1929 from July 8th to 13th, and visitors to
Banff should stop off at Calgary and participate.
Page Thirty Mystic Lake Trail Riders  Cabin
Page Thirty-one mm
The "Hoodoos," near Banff
Other Canadian Pacific Hotels in the Rockies
The Chateau Lake Louise.
Emerald Lake Chalet, near Field.
Hotel Sicamous, Sicamous, B.C.
Hotel Palliser, Calgary.
Bungalow Camps
Yoho Valley Bungalow Camp.
Wapta Bungalow Camp.
Lake O'Hara Bungalow Camp.
Moraine Lake Bungalow Camp.
Castle Mountain Bungalow Camp.
Radium Hot Springs Bungalow Camp.
Mount Assiniboine Camp.
Page Thirty-two  ■MMMWMM
WHAT TO DO AT   •
ANADIAN ROCK/E.
ANADIAN
14

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