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Uniform code of operating rules, no: four Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1950

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UNIFORM CODE OF OPERATING RULES
NO :  FOUR o
UNIFORM CODE OF OPERATING RULES NO:  4 SIDE 1NE
A. FOCUS
B. BLANK
1. CANADIAN PACIFIC PRESENTS
CANADIAN PACIFIC PRESENTS
2. U. C. 0. R. NO:  4
U. C. 0. R. NO:  4,  A FILMSTRIP DEALING WITH THAT PORTION OF THE
UNIFORM CODE OF OPERATING RULES WHICH PRESCRIBES THE MANNER IN
WHICH PROTECTION MUST BE PROVIDED WHEN TRACK MAINTENANCE ACTIVITIES ARE IN PROGRESS.
3. PROTECTION OF IMPASSABLE OR SLOW TRACK
p,   FOREMOST IN IMPORTANCE TO ANY INDUSTRY IS THE MAINTENANCE OF
EQUIPMENT USED IN THAT INDUSTRY.  PERHAPS THE MOST IMPORTANT
MAINTENANCE WORK ON A RAILWAY IS PERFORMED BY MEN WHOSE RESPONSIBILITY IT IS TO SEE THAT THE ROADBED AND BRIDGES ETC. ARE SUBSTANTIAL ENOUGH AND THEIR UPKEEP MAINTAINED AT A STANDARD THAT WILL
CARRY ALL EQUIPMENT THAT IS ORDINARILY HANDLED ON A RAILWAY.
4. TRACK MACHINES
RULES FOR THE PROTECTION OF MAINTENANCE WORK ON MAIN TRACKS HAVE
BEEN MODIFIED OVER THE YEARS TO INCLUDE MACHINES WHICH ARE ALMOST
CONSTANTLY ON THE MOVE, AS WELL AS GANGS REPAIRING DEFECTS IN AN
AREA BETWEEN TWO LIMITS WHERE THE OBSTRUCTION IS STATIONARY.
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5. RULES 40 - 42
RULES 40 TO 49 INCLUSIVE ARE DESIGNED TO TAKE INTO CONSIDERATION
THESE DIFFERENT CONDITIONS.  SPECIFICALLY, THIS FILM COVERS RULE
40 AND RULE 42 WHEN EXAMPLE ONE AND EXAMPLE TWO OF FORM Y TRAIN
ORDER IS PROVIDED.
6. RULE 40
RULE 40 IS DESIGNED TO PROTECT A STATIONARY POINT.  THIS POINT MAY
BE A DISTANCE OF A RAIL LENGTH OR SHORTER.  IN SOME CASES THE RULE
IS USED TO PROTECT TRACK FOR A CONSIDERABLE DISTANCE.  AS LONG AS
THE AREA PRESCRIBED BETWEEN TWO LIMITS, IS TREATED AS A POINT, IT
CAN BE ADEQUATELY PROTECTED BY THIS RULE.  LET'S DEAL WITH IT IN
DETAIL.
7. TWO FLAGMEN WALKING OUT
PARAGRAPH (A) OF RULE 40 READS:  BEFORE UNDERTAKING ANY WORK WHICH
MAY RENDER THE MAIN TRACK UNSAFE FOR MOVEMENTS AT NORMAL SPEED, OR
IF RENDERED UNSAFE FROM ANY CAUSE, TRACKMEN, BRIDGEMEN OR OTHER '
EMPLOYEES MUST PROVIDE PROTECTION BY SENDING OUT A FLAGMAN WITH
FLAGMAN'S SIGNALS IN EACH DIRECTION AT LEAST 2000 YARDS FROM THE
DEFECTIVE OR WORKING POINT.
NOTICE THE FLAGMEN PROCEEDING, ONE IN EACH DIRECTION, PREPARATORY
TO SETTING UP TEE PRESCRIBED PROTECTION.
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8. ONE END
NOW LET'S CLOSE IN ON ONE END OF THE PROTECTED AREA.    HERE THE
DISTANCE OF 2000 YARDS  IS MARKED ON THE DIAGRAM.     IT IS SOMETIMES
DIFFICULT IN ACTUAL PRACTISE TO ESTIMATE THE DISTANCE.     WHETHER
THE FLAGMAN PACES THE DISTANCE,  USES RAIL LENGTHS,  MILE SIGNS,    -
THE SPACE BETWEEN TELEGRAPH POLES,   OR A COMBINATION OF ANY OF
THESE IS NOT IMPORTANT AS LONG AS HE IS SURE HE IS OUT THE REQUIRED
DISTANCE.     REMEMBER,   THE RULE SAYS:     "AT LEAST 2000 YARDS".     THE
FOREMAN IN CHARGE SHOULD BE AWARE OF THE DISTANCES BETWEEN TEUEV
GRAPH POLES,   OR OTHER CONDITIONS THAT CAN VARY FROM TERRITORY TO
TERRITORY,   AND CAN ADVISE A FLAGMAN THE BEST METHOD TO USE TO
DETERMINE DISTANCE. 2
9. CLEAR VIEW
*r ■ ■■  i. n .i  .  .in i
PARAGRAPH B CONTINUES:     AFTER GOING OUT THE REQUIRED DISTANCE,    A
FLAGMAN MUST TAKE UP A POSITION WHERE THERE WILL BE A CLEAR VIEW
OF HIM FROM AN APPROACHING TRAIN OF,   IF POSSIBLE,   500 YARDS.
A CLEAR VIEW OF 500 YARDS  IS POSSIBLE HERE,   SO THE POSITION SHOWN
WILL BE THE FLAGMAN'S POSITION.     BUT THE RULE CONTINUES.
10.    PLACING TORPEDOES ,2
FIRST PLACING TORPEDOES NOT MORE THAN 100 NOR LESS  THAN 50 YARDS
APART TO CAUSE TWO EXPLOSIONS AT LEAST 200 YARDS BEYOND SUCH POSI- o
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TION,  HERE THE FLAGMAN HAS SELECTED A POINT AT LEAST 200 YARDS
BEYOND HIS FLAGGING POSITION AND IS PLACING THE FIRST SET OF
TORPEDOES...
11. PLACING SECOND SET
HE NOW PICKS HIS SPOT NOT MORE THAN 100 NOR LESS THAN 50 YARDS f
BEYOND THE FIRST TORPEDOES WHERE HE PLACES A SECOND SET. NOTE *'
THAT IN PLACING TORPEDOES, ONE ON EACH RAIL IS REQUIRED TO CAUSE*
ONE EXPLOSION.
12. DIAGRAM OF WHAT FLAGMAN HAS DONE
THIS ILLUSTRATES WHAT THE FLAGMAN HAjf DONE. NOTE THE DISTANCE Op
AT LEAST 2000 YARDS FROM THE DEFECTIVE OR WORKING POINT; THE DISf.
TANCE OF AT LEAST 200 YARDS BETWEEN THE FLAGMAN AND THE FIRST SET
TORPEDOES. ALSO SHOWN ARE THE TORPEDOES, PLACED NOT MORE THAN 1|0
NOR LESS THAN 50 YARDS APART TO CAUSE TV/0 EXPLOSIONS, AND THE
FLAGGING POSITION ONE FROM WHICH A CLEAR VIEW OF 500 YARDS FROM :■
AN APPROACHING TRAIN CM BE OBTAINED. t
1?.  BOTH DIRECTIONS |
WHILE OUR FLAGMAN HAS BEEN GOING THROUGH THE PROCEDURE JUST ILLUSTRATED, THE OTHER FLAGMAN HAS DUPLICATED THE PERFORMANCE AT THE ,
OTHER END OF THE DEFECTIVE OR WORKING POINT TO PROTECT IT FROM
TRAFFIC FROM THE OPPOSITE DIRECTION, AS ILLUSTRATED HERE.
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PARAGRAPH C CONTINUES:  FLAGMAN MUST NOT RETURN UNTIL RECALLED
OR RELIEVED.
14.  NO CLEAR VIEW
NOW LET'S LOOK AT WHAT IS REQUIRED WHEN THE 500 YaRD CLEAR VIEW
from an approaching train is not possible at a distance of 2000
Yards from the defective or working point.
note here curvature does not permit a clear view of more than 5©§
YaRDS,  PARAGRAPH (D) PROVIDES:  "IF NECESSARY, TO *0 BEYOND THE
required distance; flagman will leave torpedoes at the required .
distance, but under such conditions must also place torpedoes at,
the point at which an approaching train is flagged.        a
walking further
9.
SO NOW, BECAUSE THE FLAGMAN MUST GO BEYOND THE REQUIRED DISTANCE,
THE TORPEDOES ARE PLACED AT THE REQUIRED DISTANCE RATHER THAN   j\
AT LEAST 200 YARDS BEYOND IT AS IS REQUIRED UNDER NORMAL CONDITIONS.
HERE THE TORPEDOES ARE SO PLACED AND THE FLAGMAN IS WALKING OUT
FURTHER TO SELECT A POSITION MERE THE NECESSARY CLEaR VIEW OF §H|
JAR1S IS AVAILABLE. ?|.
16.  CLEaR VIEW
THE FLAGMAN HAS NOW REACHED A POINT WHERE THE 500 YARD CLEAR VIEW _
REQUIREMENT CAN BE MET, W o
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17. SECOND SET TORPEDOES
SINCE HE HAS SELECTED A NEW FLAGGING POSITION, TORPEDOES ARE PLACED
AS PREVIOUSLY DESCRIBED AT LEAST 200 YARDS BEYOND THIS POSITION.
18. WHAT HAS BEEN DONE
THIS SUMMARIZES WHAT HAS BEEN DONE. NOTE THE FIRST TORPEDOES AT
THE DISTANCE THE FLAGMAN FIRST DETERMINED WAS AT LEAST 2000 YARDS
FROM THE DEFECTIVE OR WORKING POINT, AND THE SECOND SET AT THE
POINT AT WHICH THE APPROACHING TRAIN WILL BE FLAGGED.
19. TRAIN APPROACHING
NOW LET'S ASSUME A NORMAL FLAGGING ARRANGEMENT HAS BEEN SET UP,
AND A TRAIN COMES IN.  PARAGRAPH (E) OF THE RULE CONTINUES:  "ON
THE APPROACH OF A TRAIN FLAGMAN MUST DISPLAY STOP SIGNALS USING
LIGHTED FUSE^ AT NIGHT OR IN OBSCURE WEATHER".
HERE THE FLAGMAN DISPLAYS A RED FLAG.
20. QUESTION
ON FAST TRACK WOULD A HEAVY TRAIN NOT HAVE DIFFICULTY GETTING
STOPPED AT A FLAGMAN IF HE IS ONLY 200 YARDS BEYOND THE TORPEDOES?
2|.. REPEAT NO. 19 TRAIN APPROACHING '-'■■
THIS IS TRUE, PARTICULARLY SO IF THE APPROACHING TRAIN DOES NOT
SEE THE FLAGMAN UNTIL AFTER THE TORPEDOES ARE EXPLODED.  BUT AS "
HAS JUST BEEN ILLUSTRATED, AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE RULE IS DEVOTED o
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TO ASSURING THE ENGINEMAN A CLEAR VIM OF THE FLAGMAN OF AT LEaST
500 YARDS. WHERE THE FLAGMAN CAN BE SEEN FOR THIS DISTANCE,-
PRELIMINARY ACTION TOWARD STOPPING THE TRAIN WILL HAVE BEEN TAKEN
BEFORE THE TORPEDOES ARE EXPLODED.  HOWEVER, THE POINT IS A GOOD
ONE AND SINCE THE WORDS "AT LEAST" PREFACE THE DISTANCE OF 200
YARDS, A GREATER DISTANCE IS PERMITTED. <
?2.  550 YARDS
IT IS, AS A MATTER OF FACT, RECOMMENDED THE DISTANCE BE STRETCHED
AS ILLUSTRATED ON THIS DIAGRAM.  THE DISTANCE NEED NOT NECESSARILY
BE 350 YARDS, BUT IN THE EVENT THE FLAGMAN IS NOT SEEN BEFORE THE
TORPEDOES ARE EXPLODED, THE EXTRA DISTANCE WILL GIVE THE TRAIN THAT
MUCH MORE LEEWAY FOR A NORMAL STOP NOT TOO FAR PAST WHERE THE
FLAGMAN IS STANDING. '■
33.  FLAGMAN'S INSTRUCTIONS
PARAGRAPH (F) OF RULE 40 CONTINUES:  "TRAINS STOPPED BY A FLAGMAN
WILL BE GOVERNED BY HIS INSTRUCTIONS..."
HERE THE FLAGMAN, HAVING STOPPED THE TRAIN, IS INSTRUCTING THE ,
ENGINEMAN IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE RULE.  THE TRAIN IS TOLD IT MAY
MOVE DOWN TO THE DEFECTIVE OR WORKING POINT, WHICH COMMENCES AT
MILEAGE 4.
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24. FOREMAN'S INSTRUCTION
PARAGRAPH (F) CONTINUES:  "AND ON REACHING THE DEFECTIVE OR WORKING
POINT WILL THERE BE GOVERNED BY INSTRUCTIONS OF THE FOREMAN IN
CHARGE".
HERE THE TRAIN HAS PROCEEDED TO MILEAGE A WHERE IT IS BEING INSTRUCTED BY THE FOREMAN IN CHARGE OF THE WORK IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE
CONCLUDING PORTION OF PARAGRAPH (F) OF RULE 40.  THE TRAIN IS TOLD
TO PROCEED AT NOT MORE THAN 5 MPH FOR ONE QUARTER MILE, AFTER WHICH
IT CAN RE-J3UME NORMAL SPEED. '%
25. QUESTION
THERE IS NOT A CLEAR UNDERSTANDING OF HOW THIS RWLE SHOULD BE VSBD
WHEN THE DEFECTIVE OR WORKING POINT COVERS AN AREA OF SOME JUS- -
' TANCE. WHAT IS THE. CORRECT PROCEDURE?
£f. BETWEEN.SIDg^GS " -
TO ILLUSTRATE LET'S ASSUME A MACHINE IS WORKING BETWEEN SIDINGS *
6.5 MILES APART IN SINGLE TRACK UNDER PROTECTION OF RULE 40.. WE
NOW HAVE A CASE WHERE THE DEFECTIVE OR WORKING POINT COVERS A
DISTANCE OF 6„5 MILES.
LET'S CLOSE IN ON ONE END OF THE DEFECTIVE OR WORKING POINT. NOTICE
THE FLAGMAN IN POSITION. o
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PARAGRAPH (E) INFORMS US: "ON THE APPROACH OF A TRAIN FLAGMAN ;
MUST DISPLAY STOP SIGNALS USING LIGHTED FUSEES AT NIGHT «OR ETCSfyr
SCURE WEATHER". d
28. STOPPED BY FLAGMAN
AS THE TRAIN APPROACHES IT EXPLODES TORPEDOES AND IS STOPPED BY,w
THE FLAGMAN.
29. FLAGMAN'S INSTRUCTIONS
FIRST PART OF PARAGRAPH (F) PROVIDES.  "TRAINS STOPPED BY A FLAGMAN WILL BE GOVERNED BY HIS INSTRUCTIONS,"  THE FLAGMAN INFORMS
THE TRAIN HE IS PROTECTING A MACHINE.  THE MACHINE'S WORKING
^   LIMITS ARE BETWEEN WASP AND CAMBIE, AND THIS END OF THE DEFECTIVE
D
OR WORKING POINT IS THE EAST SIDING SWITCH AT WASP WHICH IS
APPROXIMATELY 2000 YARDS AWAY.
30. STOPPED AT LIMIT NO FOREMAN
SO THE TRAIN PULLS DOWN TO THE DEFECTIVE OR WORKING POINT WHERE IT
IS GOVERNED BY THE LAST PORTION OF PARAGRAPH (F) WHICH CONTINUES*
"AND ON REACHING THE DEFECTIVE OR WORKING POINT WILL THERE BE
GOVERNED BY INSTRUCTIONS OF THE FOREMAN IN CHARGE".  THE FOREMAN
IN CHARGE IS NOT AT THE DEFECTIVE OR WORKING POINT, AND THE TRAIN
MUST NOW DECIDE WHAT IT WILL DO.  WO EMPLOYEES, THE FLAGMAN AND THE
FOREMAN IN CHARGE ARE INVOLVED, AND UP TO NOW ONLY THE FLAGMAN'S
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INSTRUCTIONS HAVE BEEN RECEIVED.  THE RULE WILL NOT PERMIT THIS
TRAIN TO ENTER THE TERRITORY DESCRIBED AS THE DEFECTIVE OR WORKING
POINT UNTIL IT RECEIVES THE INSTRUCTIONS OF THE FOREMAN IN CHARGE,
AS PRESCRIBED BY PARAGRAPH (F).
31. QUESTION
THIS WOULD INDICATE THAT THE FLAGMAN MUST NOT ISSUE  ANY INSTRUCTIONS
TO THE TRAIN PERMITTING IT TO ENTER THE TERRITORY DESCRIBED AS THE
DEFECTIVE OR WORKING POINT.  IS THIS CORRECT?
32. REPEAT NO. 30 NO FOREMAN
YES IT IS.  PARAGRAPH F OF RULE 40 IS QUITE CLEAR.  THE FLAGMAN'S
pw   INSTRUCTIONS WILL LET THE TRAIN PROCEED, BUT ON REACHING THE DE-*
FECTIVE OR WORKING POINT IT WILL THERE BE GOVERNED BY INSTRUCTIONS
OF THE FOREMAN IN CHARGE.
33. QUESTION
WOULD IT BE PERMISSIBLE FOR THE FOREMAN TO INFORM THE TRAIN THAT
THE MACHINE IS WORKING SOMEWHERE BETWEEN WASP AND CAMBIE, AND FOR
THE TRAIN TO PASS WASP AND ENTER THE LIMITS EXPECTING TO FIND THE
MACHINE SO ENGAGED? ,
34. FOREMAN ADDED SPEAKING TO ENGINEMAN
NO.  SUCH A MOVEMENT CANNOT BE PROPERLY PROTECTED WITH RULE 40. IB
THE ILLUSTRATION SHOWN, THE MACHINE IS NOT RESTRICTED AS TO THE
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DIRECTION IT MUST MOVE WITHIN THE PROTECTED LIMITS, AND THE RULE
DOES NOT PROVIDE FOR ANOTHER FLAGMAN.  THE TRAIN IS THEREFORE
OBLIGED TO RUN FOR SEVERAL MILES EXPECTING TO FIND THE MACHINES
ANYWHERE IN THE AREA WITH NEITHER A RED FLAG NOR TORPEDOES TO WARN
THE TRAIN OF THE MACHINE'S WHEREABOUTS.  THIS IS A VERY DIFFICULT
POSITION IN WHICH TO PLACE A TRAIN, AND IT IS THE PRIMARY REASON
WHY RULE 40 WAS MODIFIED WITH RULE 42.
35. QUESTION
IF MACHINES WERE CLEAR OF THE MAIN TRACK UP TO A POINT PART WAY
THROUGH THE PROTECTED AREA, COULD THE FOREMAN AUTHORIZE A TRAIN
I y-v    TO PROCEED TO THIS POINT?
36. TRACK CLEARED TO BRIDGE
YES.  THIS DIAGRAM ILLUSTRATES THE TRACK HAS BEEN CLEARED OF OBSTRUCTIONS AS FAR AS THE BRIDGE.  THE FOREMAN IS AUTHORIZING THE
TRAIN TO PROCEED, BUT TO STOP BEFORE ANY PART OF THE BRIDGE IS
OCCUPIED.
37. TRAIN MOVED DOWN TO BRIDGE
AUTHORITY TO PROCEED BEYOND THE BRIDGE MUST NOT BE GIVEN UNTIL THE
TRACK IS CLEAR TO ANOTHER POINT.  HERE THE MACHINE PROCEEDS TOWARD
THE SIDING.  AS SOON AS IT IS IN THE CLEAR, THE TRAIN, WHICH HAS
STOPPED CLEAR OF THE BRIDGE, MAY BE AUTHORIZED TO PROCEED. o
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38, FLAGGING EQUIPMENT
PARAGRAPH (G) CONTINUES:  FLAGMAN MUST EACH BE EQUIPPED FOR DAYTIME
WITH A RED FLAG ON A STAFF, AT LEAST 8 TORPEDOES AND SEVEN RED
FUSEES.  FOR NIGHT TIME AND WHEN WEATHER OR OTHER CONDITIONS OBSCURE DAY SIGNALS, A RED LIGHT, AND A 'WHITE LIGHT, AND A SUPPLY OF
MATCHES.  ALL OF THE FLAGGING EQUIPMENT WHEN ASSEMBLED FOR USE IN
RULE 40 WILL INCLUDE WHAT IS SHOWN.
39, CLOSE-UP OF TORPEDOES
I     LET'S DEAL FOR A MOMENT WITH HOW TORPEDOES ARE USED.  THIS IS A
TORPEDOE.  IT HAS A WIRE CLAMP ON EACH SIDE TO SECURE IT TO THE
^■v   RAIL,
40?  TORPEDOES ON RAIL
LOOK CLOSELY AND SEE HOW THE TORPEDOES ARE CLAMPED TO EACH RAIL.
WHEN THE WHEELS OF THE ENGINE OR OTHER EQUIPMENT RUN OVER THE TORPEDOES, THEY WILL EXPLODE GIVING AN AUDIBLE ALARM TO THE CREW OF
THE MOVEMENT.
41, FUSEE
THIS IS A RED FUSEE.  THE INSTRUCTIONS FOR LIGHTING ARE WRITTEN
ON THE SIDE.
42, PULLING TAB
THEY TELL YOU TO TEAR BACK THE MITE TAB, PULLING IT RIGHT OVER
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THE END OF THE FUSEE.  THIS WILL EXPOSE THE ABRASIVE END OF THE
CAP.
43. REMOVING CAP
TWIST THE CAP TO REMOVE IT FROM THE BODY OF THE FUSEE.  THIS WILL
EXPOSE THE PRIMING OR IGNITING FUSE.
44. STRIKING END
ALWAYS POINT THE FUSEE AWAY FROM YOUR FACE AND BODY.  DRAW THE
ABRASIVE CAP ACROSS THE PRIMING FUSE TO IGNITE.  STRIKE THE ENJ OF
THE FUSEE WITH THE ABRASIVE CAP SHARPLY BUT LIGHTLY.  DO NOT RUB,
GRIND OR OBSTRUCT THE BURNING END.
HOLDING FUSEE
a-
HOLD THE FUSEE FOR ABOUT FIVE TO TEN SECONDS.  THIS GIVES IT TIME
TO PROPERLY IGNITE.  A SIMPLE WAY TO ESTIMATE THIS TIME IS TO COUNT
RAPIDLY TO THIRTY.
46.  RULE 42
NOW THAT WE HAVE HAD A LOOK AT MANUAL FLAG PROTECTION BY RULE 40
WHERE A MACHINE IS INVOLVED, LET'S LOOK AT THE RULE THAT WILL
PROTECT AN OBSTRUCTION BY MEANS OF FLAGS AND A TRAIN ORDER.  RULE
42 CONTAINS THESE MODIFICATIONS.  ITS APPLICATION WILL VARY DEPENDING ON WHETHER EXAMPLE (l) OR EXAMPLE (2) OF FORM Y TRAIN ORDER IS
IN EFFECT.
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47. SECTION FOREMAN SENDS MESSAGE
BEFORE SETTING UP FLAGS AND SO ON, LET'S EXAMINE THE PRELIMINARIES
PRESCRIBED IN THIS RULE.  SINCE A TRAIN ORDER MUST FIRST BE ISSUE*,
AND THE FOREMAN SO ADVISED, SOMETHING LIKE THE FOLLOWING PROCEDURE
WILL LEAD UP TO THIS PROTECTION.
HERE THE SECTION FOREMAN, BEFORE GOING OFF DUTY, ISSUES A MESSAGE
TO THE CHIEF DISPATCHER INFORMING HIM OF LIMITS AND TIMES REQUIRED
FOR A JOB THE NEXT DAY, THE PROTECTION OF WHICH WILL REQUIRE RULE
42, AND THE FIRST EXAMPLE OF FORM Y TRAIN ORDER.
48. DISPATCHER WRITING IN TRAIN ORDER BOOK
O
THE DISPATCHER HAS RECEIVED THE MESSAGE, AND NOW ISSUES THE TRAIN
ORDER IN ACCORDANCE THEREWITH, AND IN SUFFICIENT TIME FOR ALL TRAINS
THAT WILL GO THROUGH THE AREA TO HAVE A COPY.
49.  ENGINEMAN HANDING . TRAIN ORDERS TO MEMBER OF THE CREW
PERHAPS THE MOST DESIRABLE FEATURE OF RULE 42 IS THAT TRAINS WILL
BE IN POSSESSION OF A TRAIN ORDER CONTAINING ESSENTIAL INFORMATION
INCLUDING LIMITS OF THE DEFECTIVE OR WORKING POINT.  WHERE TRAIN
ORDERS ARE INVOLVED, RULES FOR THEIR HANDLING APPLY, AND RULE 210C
READS:
"CONDUCTORS AND ENGINEMEN MUST REQUIRE MEMBERS OF THEIR CREW TO
READ ALOUD AND HAVE A DEFINITE AND PROPER UNDERSTANDING OF THE
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REQUIREMENTS OF TRAIN ORDERS AND CLEARANCES AS SOON AS PRACTICABLE
AFTER THEY HAVE BEEN RECEIVED".
HERE THE ENGINEMAN HANDS THE TRAIN ORDERS TO THE HEAD END TRAINMAN.
50. TRAINMAN WITH TRAIN ORDERS LEAFED OVER
'  THE TRAINMAN, IN COMPLIANCE WITH THE RULE, READS THE ORDERS ALOUD.
51. COMPLETED TRAIN ORDER  (EXAMPLE (l) FORM Y)
THE ORDERS INCLUDE EXAMPLE (l) OF FORM Y TRAIN ORDER.  IT READS:
MEN WORKING SEVEN THIRTY 7.30 UNTIL SEVENTEEN THIRTY 17.30 BETWEEN MILEAGE FOUR 4 AND MILEAGE FOUR POINT NINE 4.9. ALL TRAINS
BE PREPARED TO STOP AT THE RED SIGNAL.
THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS TRAIN ORDER HAS NOW BEEN GIVEN
THE SAME RELATIVE IMPORTANCE AS A MEET, A WAIT, A RUN LATE, OR ANY
OTHER FORM OF TRAIN ORDERS THAT MIGHT BE IN THE TRAIN'S POSSESSION.
52. DISPATCHER WRITING MESSAGE TO SECTION FOREMAN
INSTRUCTIONS APPEARING UNDER EXAMPLE 1 OF FORM Y TRAIN ORDER PROVIDE:  THIS EXAMPLE WILL BE USED TO PROVIDE TRAIN ORDER PROTECTION
FOR TRACK WORK AS PRESCRIBED BY RULE 42.  THE FOREMAN MUST BE ADVISED OF THE LIMITS AND TIMES SPECIFIED IN THE ORDER AND ARRANGE
SIGNALS ACCORDINGLY.
HERE THE TRAIN DISPATCHER WRITES A MESSAGE THAT WILL SO ADVISE THE
FOREMANo o      o
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53, OPERATOR COPYING MESSAGE
AN OPERATOR ON LINE COPIES THE MESSAGE.
54, OPERATOR HANDING MESSAGE TO FOREMAN
SINCE THE FOREMAN MUST KNOW IF THE TRAIN DISPATCHER HAS ISSUED THE
NECESSARY TRAIN ORDER, HE CALLS AT THE OFFICE BEFORE COMMENCING
WORK, AND IS HANDED THIS MESSAGE:
55, COPY OF MESSAGE
SECTION FOREMAN, CALGARY CALGARY, MAY 23/67
EXAMPLE 1 FORM Y TRAIN ORDER ISSUED THIS MORNING 730 UNTIL 1730
BETWEEN MILEAGE 4 AND MILEAGE 4.9.
•^  AND THE MESSAGE IS SIGNED:  RLG.
56, RED FLAGS MARK WORKING POINT
THE FOREMAN, HAVING BEEN INFORMED EXAMPLE 1 OF FORM Y TRAIN ORDER
HAS BEEN ISSUED, NOW PLACES FLAGS TO MARK THE DEFECTIVE OR WORKING
POINT IN COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH (A) OF RULE 42 WHICH READS AS
FOLLOWS:
"BY DAY PLACE A RED FLAG, AND IN ADDITION, BY NIGHT A RED LIGHT
BETWEEN THE RAILS 200 YARDS IN EACH DIRECTION FROM THE WORKING
POINT V/HICH MAY BE AT ANY LOCATION WITHIN THE LIMITS STATED IN
'     THE TRAIN ORDER".
NOTE THE FLAGS IN PLACE 200 YARDS IN EACH DIRECTION FROM THE WORKING o
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POINT.
57. QUESTION
IN THE DIAGRAM JUST SHOWN, THE TRAIN WILL ENCOUNTER THE RED FLAG
BETWEEN THE RAILS BEFORE IT REACHES THE LIMITS SPECIFIED IN THE
TRAIN ORDER.  IS THIS NOT AN UNUSUAL SITUATION?
58. REPEAT NO. 56 RED FLAGS
THE RED FLAGS IN THIS RULE ARE NOT RELATED TO THE LIMITS STATED IN
THE TRAIN ORDER, BUT TO THE LOCATION OF THE WORKING POINT, WHICH
I  CAN BE ANYWHERE WITHIN THE LIMITS.  IT IS BECAUSE THESE FLAGS MUST
AT ALL TIMES BE 200 YARDS IN EACH DIRECTION FROM THE WORKING POINT
^ THAT THEY WILL SOMETIMES ACTUALLY BE OUTSIDE OF THE LIMITS STATED
IN THE TRAIN ORDER.
THE MAIN POINT TO REMEMBER HERE IS THAT THE WORKING LIMITS ARE
SPELLED OUT TO TRAINS BY TRAIN ORDER.  TRAINS WILL GET A 2000 YARJ
„ WARNING AT THE YELLOW FLAG, AFTER WHICH A 200 YARD CUSHION IS
PROVIDED BY THE RED FLAG BEFORE THE WORKING POINT IS REACHED.
59. YELLOW FLAG
PARAGRAPH (B) CONTINUES:  BY DAY PLACE A YELLOW FLAG AND IN ADDITION BY NIGHT A YELLOW LIGHT AT LEAST ?000 YARDS IN EACH DIRECTION
FROM THE LIMITS STATED IN THE TRAIN ORDER TO THE RIGHT OF THE TRACK
AS SEEN FROM AN APPROACHING TRAIN, WHERE THERE IS A CLEAR VIEW OF
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THE SIGNAL OF, IF POSSIBLE 500 YARDS.  THE FLAGMAN IS SHOWN SO
PLACING THE YELLOW FLAG.
I ^O.  MILEAGE STATED IN TRAIN ORDER
HERE THE YELLOW FLAGS ARE IN PLACE, AND THE LIMITS STATED IN THE
tl
TRAIN ORDER MARKED.  NOTE THE FLAGS ARE AT LEAST ^ZOOO YARDS FROM
THE MILEAGE.  THE RED FLAGS BETWEEN THE RAILS PREVIOUSLY ILLUSTRATE!
WILL BE ADDED TO WHAT IS SHOWN HERE AS SOON AS IT IS KNOWN WHERE
THE OBSTRUCTION WILL BE LOCATED.
61. QUESTION
THERE IS AN EXCEPTION TO THIS RULE WHICH READS AS FOLLOWS:  THE
p.  FORM OF PROTECTION PROVIDED BY EXAMPLE (l) OF FORM Y TRAIN ORDER
MUST NOT BE USED FOR LIMITS IN EXCESS OF ONE MILE.  WHAT IS THE
,  REASON FOR THIS?
62. RED FLAGS
■  THE WORKING POINT CAN BE AT ANY LOCATION WITHIN THE LIMITS STATED
IN THE TRAIN ORDER.  THE ENGINEMAN ENTERING THESE LIMITS IS THERE-
;  FORE FACED WITH THE RESPONSIBILITY OF HAVING HIS TRAIN UNDER SUCH
CONTROL AS TO BE ABLE TO STOP SHORT OF A RED FLAG.  HE HAS NO WAY
OF KNOWING EXACTLY WHERE THE RED FLAG WILL BE.
IT IS BECAUSE OF THIS DIFFICULT SITUATION THAT THE DISTANCE HAS
BEEN LIMITED BY RULE TO ONE MILE AT A TIME.
62}£. PLEASE CHANGE RECORD
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U.C.O.R. NO. 4
SIDE TWO
63, QUESTION
IT IS NOTED THE RULE PLACES THE YELLOW FLAG AT LEAST 2000 YARDS
FROM THE LIMITS STATED IN THE TRAIN ORDER.  WHY IS THIS?
64, YELLOW FLAG HIDDEN AT |oQQ YARD POINT
THIS PICTURE SHOWS THAT THE YELLOW FLAG CANNOT BE SEEN BY THE
j  APPROACHING TRAIN UNTIL IT IS RELATIVELY CLOSE TO IT.  AN ENGINE-
MAN HAS THE RESPONSIBILITY OF CHECKING CERTAIN THINGS ON THE
•  ENGINE, OF READING TRAIN ORDERS, CHECKING RUNNING TIME WITH HIS
TIME TABLE,. ETC., AND IT IS POSSIBLE HE COULD RUN PAST THE FLAG IN
THIS CASE WHILE HIS ATTENTION IS DIRECTED TOWARD OTHER THINGS.  IT
WILL BE RECALLED THERE ARE NO TORPEDOES IN THIS RULE TO ALERT HIM0
CLEAR VIEW OF YELLOW FLAG
BY GOING A LITTLE FURTHER THE FLAG CAN BE PLACED WHERE THE REQUIRE!
500 YARD CLEAR VIEW IS OBTAINED.  IN THESE CIRCUMSTANCES THE CLEAR
VIEW IS POSSIBLE BY GOING OUT AN ADDITIONAL DISTANCE BEYOND WHAT
HAS BEEN DETERMINED AS THE ^000 YARD MARK, AND SINCE THE DISTANCE
BETWEEN THE LIMITS STATED IN THE TRAIN ORDER AND THE YELLOW FLAG
IS DESCRIBED AS:  AT LEAST 2000 YARDS, THE POINT SELECTED BY THE
FLAGMAN IN THIS DIAGRAM IS WITHIN THE SCOPE OF THE RULE.
O
O - 20 -
66.  TRAIN STOPPED AT RED FLAG
PARAGRAPH (C) PROVIDES:  A TRAIN HOLDING EXAMPLE (l) OF FORM Y TRAIN
ORDER MUST APPROACH THE SIGNALS PRESCRIBED IN CLAUSE (A) PREPARED
TO STOP.
6?.  FOREMAN'S INSTRUCTIONS
PARAGRAPH (C) CONCLUDES:  AND THERE BE GOVERNED BY INSTRUCTIONS OR
SIGNAL OF THE FLAGMAN, BUT MUST NOT PROCEED UNTIL THE RED SIGNAL
HAS BEEN REMOVED IN CLEAR VIEW OF THE ENGINEMAN.  HERE THE FLAGMAN
IS GIVING INSTRUCTIONS TO THE ENGINEMAN.
68, QUESTION
^ -  THIS RULE DOES NOT SEEM TO DEMAND A STOP IF THE ENGINEMAN SEES THE
.  RED FLAG BEING REMOVED.  IS THIS CORRECT?
69, REMOVING RED FLAG
i     RIGHT.  THE FLAGMAN WOULD NOT REMOVE THE RED FLAG IF HE HAD ANY
INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE TRAIN.  BUT IF THE TRACK HAS BEEN MADE SAFE
FOR NORMAL SPEED, AND ALL OBSTRUCTIONS ARE CLEAR, THE FLAGMAN HAS
ONLY TO REMOVE THE RED FLAG AFTER THE ENGINEMAN COMES IN VIEW TO
KEEP THE TRAIN MOVING.
HERE THE ENGINEMAN SEES THE FLAGMAN REMOVING THE FLAG AND WILL
PROCEED EXPECTING TO FIND EVERYTHING NORMAL BEYOND THE FLAGMAN.
O o
o
- 21 -
7Q,  FLAGMAN GIVING PROCEED SIGNAL TO TRAIN
AND NOW THE FLAGMAN GIVES A PROCEED SIGNAL TO THE TRAIN.
71. QUESTION
COULD THE FLAGMAN REMOVE THE RED FLAG THEN CALL INSTRUCTIONS TO THE
'  ENGINEMAN AS THE TRAIN PASSED IN THE EVENT THERE WAS A RESTRICTION
TO BE OBSERVED?
72. FOREMAN GIVING INSTRUCTIONS
NO.  IF THERE ARE ANY INSTRUCTIONS TO BE GIVEN TO THE ENGINEMAN, THE
TRAIN MUST STOP TO GET THEM.  IN THESE CIRCUMSTANCES THERE IS NO
PURPOSE IN REMOVING THE FLAG, UNTIL THE INSTRUCTIONS HAVE BEEN
p.   GIVEN.
73. NOTE
s ATTENTION IS DRAWN TO THE NOTE UNDER PARAGRAHP (C): NOTE:  - THE
RED SIGNAL MUST NOT BE REMOVED EXCEPT AS AUTHORIZED BY THE FOREMAN
... IN CHARGE.
74. FLAGMAN SPEAKING ON RADIO, RULE 42 SUPER-IMPOSED
.. THE SECOND PORTION OF RULE 42 IS SPECIFICALLY DESIGNED FOR PROTECTION OF MOBILE MAINTENANCE OF WAY EQUIPMENT.  IT READS:
IN RADIO EQUIPPED TERRITORY WHEN EXAMPLE (2) OF FORM Y TRAIN ORDER
PROTECTION HAS BEEN PROVIDED AND FOREMAN SO ADVISED, RULES 40 AND
41 MAY BE MODIFIED AS FOLLOWS:
O r
o
lo
- 22 -
PARAGRAPH (D) PERMITS LIMITS TO EXCEED ONE MILE.
75. COMPARISON RULE 42/1 AND 42/2
LET'S COMPARE RULE 42 WHEN SXAPLE (1) OF FORM Y TRaIN ORDER IS USED
AND WHEN EXAMPLE (2) OF FORM Y IS PROVIDED.  THE FORM OF PROTECTION
PROVIDED BY EXAMPLE (1) SHOWN ABOYEjMUST NOT BE USED FOR LIMITS IN
EXCESS OF ONE MILE.  BUT WITH EXAMPLE (2) SHOM BELOW, LIMITS MAY
EXCEED ONE MILE.
76. QUESTION
EXAMPLE (2) PERMITS A GREATER DISTANCE THAN ONE MILE.  MAY THIS
I     EXAMPLE BE USED TO PROTECT A PIECE OF TRaCK LESS THAN ONE MILE?
77. EXAMPLE (2) DISTANCE UNLIMITED, AND FOR ONE HALF A MILE
Q   YES IT CAN,  THIS DIAGRAM ILLUSTRATES HOW" VERSATILE EXAMPLE (2) CAN
BE.  THE TOP OF THE PICTURE SHOWS PROTECTION BEING PROVIDED FOR
SEVERAL MILES OF TRACK.  AT THE BOTTOM IS SHOWN' EXAMPLE (2) PROTECTING LESS THAN A MILE, IN THIS CASE ONE HALF A MILE.
78. QUESTION
MAT ARE THE MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR TERRITORY TO BE CONSIDERED
"RADIO EQUIPPED"?
79i  FOREMAN ON RADIO
THE FOREMAN OF THE GANG IN POSSESSION OF A RADIO EQUIPPED^SO IT CAN
i    BE TUNED IN ON THE TRAIN FREQUENCY WOULD BE THE MINIMUM REQUIREMENT.
THEN THERE WOULD BE NO ADVANTAGE IN USING SECOND EXAMPLE OF FORM Y
TRaIN ORDER UNLESS A MAJORITY OF ENGINES IN USE IN THE TERRITORY
O o
o
- 23 -
WERE AISO EQUIPPED WITH RADIOS.  THIS MACHINE IS EQUIPPED WITH A
8  RADIO.
80, FOREMAN SPEAKING WITH ROADMASTER
THE NATURE OF THE WORK TO BE DONE, AND THE LENGTH OF TRACK IT WILL
BE NECESSARY TO HAVE PROTECTION ON WILL ALSO DETERMINE IF IT WILL
t     BE PRACTICABLE TO USE THIS PORTION OF RULE 42.  SECOND EXAMPLE OF
• FORM Y TRAIN ORDER BEING ESPECIALLY APPLICABLE TO PROTECTION OF
;  MOVING MACHINES IS BEING CONSIDERED.  HERE THE FOREMAN IS DISCUSSING
THE WORK TO BE DONE WITH THE ROADMASTER.
81, SINGLE TRACK BETWEEN MITFORD AND COCHRANE
THE TERRITORY INVOLVED IN THE DISCUSSION IS ON SINGLE TRACK BETWEEN TWO SIDINGS, MITFORD AND COCHRANE, ILLUSTRATED ON THIS
;  DIAGRAM.  THEY ARE 5 MILES APART.  IT IS DECIDED TO REQUEST EXAMPLE (2) OF FORM Y TRAIN ORDER.
82, SECTION FOREMAN GIVING MESSAGE TO OPERATOR
• SO ONCE AGAIN THE SECTION FOREMAN ADDRESSES A MESSAGE TO THE CHIEF
DISPATCHER.  THIS PUTS THE PRELIMINARIES IN MOTION-, AND RESULTS
FOLLOW THE SAME PATTERN AS WHEN THE FIRST EXAMPLE OF FORM Y TRAIN
ORDER WAS IN USE.
83, ENGINEMAN HANDING. TRAINMAN ORDERS I. ..,. 	
THE ENGINEMAN HANDS THE TRAIN ORDERS TO THE HEAD END TRAINMAN. o      o
- 24 -
84. TRAINMAN RE/EDS ORDERS ALOUD
THE TRAINMAN READS THE ORDERS ALOUD IN ACCORDANCE WITH RULE 210C
85. TRAIN ORDER EXAMPLE (2) OF FORM Y
THIS IS THE TRAIN ORDER:  "BETWEEN THE HOURS OF SEVEN-THIRTY 7:30
AND SEVENTEEN THIRTY, 17:30 EASTWARD TRAINS APPROACH RED SIGNAL
AT EAST SIDING SWITCH MITFORD AND WESTWARD TRAINS APPROACH RED SIGNAL AT WEST SIDING SWITCH COCHRANE PREPARED TO STOP, AND DO NOT
PASS THIS SIGNAL UNTIL INSTRUCTIONS HAVE BEEN RECEIVED FROM FOREMAN
CAMERON EITHER BY RADIO COMMUNICATION OR PERSONAL CONTACT.
06,  ENGINEMAN READING TRAIN ORDERS
Q   AGAIN THE INFORMATION ASSUMES THE SAME RELATIVE IMPORTANCE AS ANY
TRAIN ORDER THE TRAIN HAS IN ITS POSSESSION.  BUT IN THIS CASE A
DISTANCE OF MORE THAN A MILE IS INVOLVED, AND A DIFFERENT TYPE OF
TRAIN ORDER EMERGES.
87,  DISPATCHER WRITING MESSAGE TO FOREMAN
INSTRUCTIONS ALSO APPEAR UNDER EXAMPLE (2) OF FORM Y TRAIN ORDER, AN1
THEY PROVIDE:  THIS EXAMPLE WILL BE USED IN RADIO EQUIPPED TERRITORY
TO PROVIDE TRAIN ORDER PROTECTION FOR TRACK WORK AS PRESCRIBED BY
RULE 42.  THE FOREMAN MUST BE ADVISED OF THE LIMITS AND TIMES
'  SPECIFIED IN THE ORDER AND ARRANGE SIGNALS ACCORDINGLY.  HERE THE
TRAIN DISPATCHER MITES A MESSAGE TO THE FOREMAN SO ADVISING HIM. o
o
- 25 -
88.  MESSAGE TO FOREMAN
THE FOLLOWING MESSAGE IS THE ADVICE REFERRED TO:
SECTION FOREMAN CAMERON, CALGARY, MAY 15, 1967
COCHRANE
EXAMPLE (2) FORM Y TRAIN ORDER ISSUED THIS MORNING EFFECTIVE 730
UNTIL 1730 BETWEEN WEST SIDING SWITCH COCHRANE AND EAST SIDING
SWITCH MITFORD. SIGNED:  RLG
89o  QUESTION
\     WOULD DELIVERY OF THE MESSAGE WHEN FORM Y TRAIN ORDERS ARE NECESSARY
.  NOT PRESENT A PROBLEM UNLESS THERE IS AN OPEN TRAIN ORDER OFFICE
fv ';     WHERE THE FOREMAN IS LOCATED?
90.  FOREMAN ON PHONE TO DISPATCHER
WHENEVER TRAIN ORDERS ARE USED IN MAINTENANCE OF WAY FLAGGING RULES,
THE RULES STIPULATES THAT THE FOREMAN MUST BE ADVISED WHEN THE
ORDERS ARE ISSUED.  THE REASON FOR THIS IS THAT TRAINS MUST BE IN
POSSESSION OF THE TRAIN ORDER BEFORE THE FOREMAN CAN SET UP HIS
FLAGS.  THE TRAIN DISPATCHER SHARES RESPONSIBILITY FOR THIS, AND
WHATEVER ACTION HE CAN TAKE MUST BE TAKEN.  WHERE THERE ARE NO MEANS
OF DELIVERING THE MESSAGE, OTHER ACTION IS NECESSARY.  THIS PICTURE
ILLUSTRATES WHAT THE FOREMAN DOES IN THE CIRCUMSTANCES.  DIRECT
TELEPHONE CONTACT WITH THE TRAIN DISPATCHER WILL FULFILL THE INTENT o
o
- 26 -
OF THE RULE JUST AS EFFECTIVELY AS A MESSAGE.
91.  FOREMAN SPEAKING ON RADIO
SINCE 'MAT A TRAIN DOES DEPENDS ENTIRELY ON THE INFORMATION IT RECEIVES FROM THE FOREMAN, THE MAN WHO PERFORMS THESE DUTIES SHOULD
MEET CERTAIN BASIC REQUIREMENTS.
FIRST, HE MUST BE FAMILIAR WITH THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND BE ABLE TO
!  SPEAK IT IN SUCH A MANNER THAT HE CAN BE EASILY UNDERSTOOD.
92*.  INSTRUCTION FROM ROADMASTER ON RADIO
SECONDLY, HE MUST HAVE A GOOD WORKING KNOWLEDGE OF THE NECESSARY
IDENTIFICATION PROCEDURES SO ESSENTIAL TO ESTABLISHING CONTACT WITH
/~v •  ANOTHER PARTY BE MEANS OF RADIO COMMUNICATION.
93, ROADMASTER AND FOREMAN WITH RADIOS
? AND THIRD, HE MUST HAVE A THOROUGH KNOWLEDGE OF HOW TO OPERATE THE
1 SET WITH MICH HE HAS BEEN SUPPLIED, AND HOW TO MAKE THE NECESSARY
ADJUSTMENTS FOR VOICE COMMUNICATION BY TWO-WAY RADIO.  HE MUST ALSO
i. HAVE A CORRECT KNOWLEDGE OF RULE 42, PARTICULARLY THE PORTION THAT
V.  APPLIES WHEN SECOND EXAMPLE OF FORM Y TRAIN ORDER IS IN EFFECT.
94. PLACING RED FLAG
AFTER HAVING BEEN SO INFORMED BY THE TRAIN DISPATCHER, THE FOREMAN
PROCEEDS AS PRESCRIBED BY PARAGRAPH (E) WHICH READS AS FOLLOWS:
BY DAY PLACE A RED FLAG AND, IN ADDITION, BY NIGHT A RED LIGHT 200
O o
- 27 -
YARDS IN EACH DIRECTION FROM THE LIMITS STATED IN THE TRAIN ORDER
TO THE RIGHT OF THE TRACK AS SEEN FROM AN APPROACHING TRAIN.
NOTICE WHERE THE RED FLAG IS BEING PLACED AS COMPARED TO ITS LOCATION BETWEEN THE RAILS WHEN FIRST EXAMPLE OF FORM Y TRAIN ORDER
WAS IN EFFECT.
95. RED FLAG AND RELATIVE DISTANCE
THIS DIAGRAM SHOWS THE RED FLaG IN PLaCE 200 YARDS FROM THE WEST
SIDING SWITCH AT COCHRANE, AND THE FLAGMAN PROCEEDING OUT FURTHER
TO PLACE THE YELLOW FLAG.
96. PLACING YELLOW FLAG
p.  Paragraph (f) mich deals with the yellow flag, reads: by day place
a YELLOW FLAG aND, in addition, BY NIGHT a yellow light at least
2000 YARDS IN EACH DIRECTION FROM THE LIMITS STATED IN THE TRAIN
ORDER TO THE RIGHT OF THE TRACK AS SEEN FROM AN APPROACHING TRAIN,
WHERE THERE IS A CLEAR VIEW OF THE SIGNAL OF, IF POSSIBLE, 500 YARDS.
97-  QUESTION
IS NOT 'THE POSITION OF THE YELLOW FLAG WHERE SECOND EXAMPLE OF FORM
Y TRAIN ORDER IS IN EFFECT SIMILAR TO WHEN THE FIRST EXAMPLE WAS
USED?
98.  LOOKING FOR CLEAR VIEW
AS A MATTER OF FaCT IT IS THE SAME.  PARAGRAPH (B) OF THE FIRST PART
O o
o
a
- 28 -
OF RULE 42 READS THE SAME AS PARAGRAPH (F).  THE ADDITIONAL DISTANCE
NECESSARY MERE A CLEAR VIEW OF 500 YARDS IS NOT POSSIBLE IS ALSO
REQUIRED,
99» CLEAR VIEW OF 500 YARDS
THIS SHOWS WHAT THE FOREMAN HAS DONE.  THE DISTANCE FROM THE RED
FLAG TO THE LIMITS STATED IN THE TRAIN ORDER, NAMELY 200 YARDS, IS
SHOWN, AS WELL AS THE MINIMUM DISTANCE OF 2000 YARDS FROM THESE
LIMITS, WHERE YELLOW FLAGS WILL BE LOCATED.  NOTE A CLEAR VIEW OF
500 YARDS MARKED ON THE DIAGRAM.
THIS PROTECTION IS REQUIRED AT BOTH ENDS OF THE LIMITS.
00. FLAGS WITH MATCHING LIGHTS
PARAGRAPH (H) OF THIS PORTION OF THE RULE REMINDS US AGAIN THAT WHERE
WEATHER OR OTHER CONDITIONS OBSCURE DAY SIGNALS, NIGHT SIGNALS MUST
BE USED IN ADDITION.
ONCE AGAIN, LIGHTS AS THEY WILL APPEAR MEN CONDITIONS REQUIRE THEIR
USE ARE ILLUSTRATED.
101. TRAIN APPROACHING RED FLAG
PARAGRAPH (G) READS:  "A TRAIN HOLDING EXAMPLE (2) OF FORM Y TRAIN
ORDER MUST NOT PROCEED BEYOND THE SIGNALS PRESCRIBED IN CLAUSE (E),
(THE RED FLAG), UNTIL INSTRUCTIONS HAVE BEEN RECEIVED FROM THE FOREMAN NAMED IN THE ORDER, EITHER BY MEANS OF RADIO COMMUNICATION OR
O o
- 29 -
BY PERSONAL CONTACT.
10?- ENGINEMAN CHECKING TRAIN ORDER
AS THE ENGINEMAN APPROACHES THE WORKING LIMITS, HE CHECKS HIS TRAIN
ORDER FOR THE NAME OF THE FOREMAN NAMED THEREIN.  HE CONFIRMS THAT
IT IS FOREMAN CAMERON.
NOW LET'S DEMONSTRATE A TYPICAL SET OF CIRCUMSTANCES AND THE CONVERSATION THAT WOULD TAKE PLACE IN THE APPLICATION OF THIS RULE.
•j  "THIS IS ENGINEMAN ON CP NO. 967 CALLING FOREMAN CAMERON WORKING
BETWEEN COCHRANE  AND MITFORD, COME IN PLEASE, OVER.".
£}04o FORaiAN_ CAMERON ON RADIO
"THIS IS FOREMAN CAMERON ON BURRO CRANE BETWEEN COCHRANE . AND MIT-
.FORD TO ENGINEMAN ON CP NO. 967.  WHERE IS YOUR TRAIN NOW, OVER."
A~5. ENGINEMAN ON RADIO DIAGRAM
WE ARE LEAVING GLENBOW AND WILL BE AT COCHRANE IN ABOVT 10 MINWTES,
OVER. .
106. FOREMANCAMERON ON RADIO-DIAGRAM
OK 967.  THE. BURRO CRANE IS NOW JUST WEST OF BRIDGE AT MILEAGE 25.7.
WE WILL GO TO MITFORD TO CLEAR YOU, AND I WILL CONTACT YOU AGAIN AS
SOON AS WE ARE IN THE CLEAR. OVER. o
o
- 30 -
107. ENGINEMAN ON RADIO
OK CAMERON.  WE WILL STOP AT COCHRANE UNLESS WE HEAR FURTHER FROM
YOU.  OVER AND OUT.
MEANWHILE NO. 967 APPROACHES THE YELLOW FLAG AT COCHRANE AND THE
ENGINEMAN IS KEEPING A CONSTANT EAR TO HIS RADIO FOR WORD THAT WIL1
LET HIM PASS THE RED FLAG.
108. FOREMAN CAMERON ON RADIO-DIAGRAM
"THIS IS FOREMAN CAMERON ON BURRO CRANE BETWEEN COCHRANE AND MITFORD TO ENGINEMAN ON CP NO. 967.  WE ARE CLEAR OF MAIN TRACK AT
MITFORD.  YOU MAY PASS RED FLAG AT COCHRANE AND PROCEED AT NORMAL
A^ SPEED. OVER."
109. ENGINEMAN ON NO  967-DLAGRAM
THIS IS ENGINEMAN ON CP NO. 967 TO FOREMAN CAMERON BETWEEN COCHRANE
AND MITFORD.  WE WILL PASS RED FLAG AT COCHRANE, AND PROCEED AT NORMAL SPEED. OVER AND OUT.
110. TRAIN LEAVING COCHRANE
HERE N0„ 967 HAS RECEIVED THE NECESSARY INSTRUCTIONS SY MEANS OF
RADIO COMMUNICATION FROM THE FOREMAN NAMED IN THE TRAIN ORDER.  IT,
THEREFORE, PROCEEDS BEYOND THE RED SIGNAL IN COMPLIANCE WITH THE
RULE.
O -31-
111. ENGINEMAN ON RADIO
FOLLOWING IS ANOTHER SET OF CIRCUMSTANCES THAT COULD BE ENCOUNTERED:
"THIS IS ENGINEMAN ON CP EXTRA 8665 EAST CALLING FOREMAN CAMERON
BETWEEN MITFORD AND COCHRANE, OVER".
112. FOREMAN CAMERON ON RADIO
THIS IS FOREMAN CAMERON ON BURRO CRANE BETWEEN MITFORD AND COCHRANE
TO ENGINEMAN ON CP EXTRA 8665 EAST.  WHEN WILL YOU REACH MITFORD.
OVER.
113. ENGINEMAN ON RADIO
WE ARE APPROACHING MILEAGE 31 A LITTLE MORE THAN 3 MILES WEST OF
s~\      MITFORD.  OVER.
114. FOREMAN TALKING ON RADIO FROM MACHINE-DIAGRAM
OK EXTRA 8665 EAST.  THE BURRO CRANE IS AT MILEAGE 25.4.  YOU MAY
PASS RED FLAG AT MITFORD BUT STOP AT BRIDGE MILEAGE 25.7, AND STAY
THERE UNTIL YOU HEAR FURTHER FROM ME.  OVER.
115. EXTRA EAST APPROACHING MITFORD
.  OK CAMERON.  WE WILL STOP AT BRIDGE MILEAGE 25.7 AND WAIT FURTHER
INSTRUCTIONS.  OVER AND OUT.
116. FOREMAN CAMERON ON RADIO-DIAGRAM
"FOREMAN CAMERON ON BURRO CRANE TO ENGINEMAN ON CP EXTRA 8665 EAST.
WE HAVE JUST PASSED WEST MILE BOARD COCHRANCE.  YOU MAY PASS BRIDGE
O o
o
- 32 -
AT MILEAGE 25.7 BUT STOP AT WEST MILE BOARD COCHRANE ! UNTIL YOU HEAR
FROM ME AGAIN.  OVER."
117. ENGINEMAN ON RADIO AT BRIDGE
OK CaMERON.  WILL STOP AT WEST MILE BOARD COCHRANE AND WAIT FURTHER
INSTRUCTIONS.  OVER AND OUT.
118. MACHINE IN SIDING
EVERYTHING GOES AS INTENDED, AND IN A FEW MINUTES, WHEN THE MACHINE
IS IN THE CLEAR AT COCHRANE, THE FOREMAN REPORTS:
"FOREMAN CAMERON ON BURRO CRANE TO ENGINEMAN ON CP EXTRA 8665 EAST.
WE ARE IN THE CLEAR AT COCHRANE,  YOU MAY PROCEED AT NORMAL SPEED.
r\    OVER."
119. ENGINEMAN SPEAKING ON RADIO-DIAGRAM
OK CAMERON.  WE WILL PROCEED AT NORMAL SPEED.  OVER AND OUT.
120. EXTRA EAST PASSING MACHINE IN SIDING AT COCHRANE
THE EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION BETWEEN THE FOREMAN IN CHARGE AND THE
ENGINEMAN OF THIS TRAIN MADE IT POSSIBLE FOR THE TRAIN TO PROCEED
THROUGH THE WORKING LIMITS WITHOUT STOPPING, AND AT ALL TIMES BE
INFORMED OF WHERE THE MACHINE WAS.  THIS IS THE KIND OF OPERATION
THE RULE CONTEMPLATES.
THE TRAIN NOW CONTINUES ON ITS WAY.
° o
- 33 -
121. QUESTION
SOME TRAINS ARE NOT EQUIPPED WITH RADIO, AND SOMETIMES TRAIN
RADIOS ARE NOT WORKING.  WHAT HAPPENS IN THESE CIRCUMSTANCES?
122. FOREMAN READING LINE-UP
SOME DELAYS WILL RESULT, BUT THESE WILL BE KEPT TO A MINIMUM IF
THOSE CONCERNED ARE ALERT.  THE FOREMAN CAN EFFECTIVELY CONTROL
DELAYS BY PAYING CLOSE ATTENTION TO HIS TIMETABLE AND LINE-UPS
WHICH INFORM HIM OF OVERDUE TRAINS.
123-  EXTRA EAST APPROACHING MITFORD, NO RADIO
FOR ILLUSTRATION PURPOSES, WE WILL ASSUME EXTRA 8665 EAST
/-N   APPROACHING THE LIMITS SPECIFIED IN ITS TRAIN ORDER IS NOT
EQUIPPED WITH A RADIO OR FOR SOME REASON ITS RADIO IS NOT WORKING.
THE ENGINEMAN KNOWS IN THESE CIRCUMSTANCES HE WILL STOP AT THE
RED FLAG.
124. FOREMAN IN CHARGE ON RADIO
BUT THE FOREMAN IN CHARGE HAS NO KNOWLEDGE OF HOW THE TRAIN IS
EQUIPPED.  HIS LINE-UP TELLS HIM EXTRA 8665 EAST IS CLOSE, AND HE
ATTEMPTS TO ESTABLISH CONTACT.
"FOREMAN CAMERON CALLING CP EXTRA 8665 EAST.  OVER."
125. EXTRA EAST STOPPED AT RED FLAG-DIAGRAM
THE ENGINEMAN MEANMILE HAS NO MEANS OF PICKING UP WHAT FOREMAN
CAMERON IS SAYING SO HE STOPS AT THE RED FLAG. o
- 34 -
126. FOREMAN CAMERON ON RADIO
THIS IS FOREMAN CAMERON CALLING CP EXTRA 8665 EAST., OVER."
THERE IS NO REPLY.
127. FOREMAN CAMERON ON PHONE TO DISPATCHER
THE FOREMAN IN CHARGE NOW SUSPECTS THE RADIO ON THE EXTRA EAST MAY
NOT BE WORKING, AND BEFORE PROCEEDING TO BRING THE TRAIN THROUGH,
HE CHECKS WITH THE TRAIN DISPATCHER TO FIND OUT HOW CLOSE THE TRAIN
IS.
128. DISPATCHER SPEAKING ON TELEPHONE
THE FOREMAN IS INFORMED BY THE TRAIN DISPATCHER THAT THE TRAIN
r\      SHOULD BE GETTING CLOSE TO THE WORKING LIMITS.
129. FOREMAN CAMERON TRAVELLING TO OUTER LIMITS ON SPEEDER
SO THE FOREMAN PROCEEDS TO THE OUTER LIMITS OF THE WORKING AREA
PREPARATORY TO PERMITTING THE TRAIN TO PASS THROUGH.
130. TRAIN SOPPED AT RED FLAG AT MITFORD.  FOUR WHISTLES
WHEN FOR ANY REASON RADIO CONTACT HAS NOT BEEN MADE WITH THE FOREMAN BEFORE STOPPING AT THE RED FLAG, MISTLE SIGNAL 14J (CALL FOR
SIGNALS) SHOULD BE GIVEN BY THE ENGINEMAN.  THIS SIGNAL, IF IT IS
HEARD BY THE FOREMAN,HDL CLARIFY THE SITUATION.  HE CAN IMMEDIATELY
PROCEED TO THE RED FLAG AND BRING THE TRAIN IN. o
- 35 -
131. QUESTION
IF IT WAS THE INTENTION TO BRING THE TRAIN INTO THE WORKING LIMITS,
WOULD THE FOREMAN IN CHARGE NOT HAVE TO MAKE ARRANGEMENTS TO CLEAR
THE MAIN TRACK, BEFORE PROCEEDING TO MERE THE TRAIN WOULD BE INSTRUCTED?
I 152. FOREMAN CAMERON AT MITFORD
NOT NECESSARILY.  THE ANSWER TO THIS QUESTION IS DIRECTLY RELATED
TO THE NATURE OF THE WORK BEING DONE, AND HOW IT IS ORGANIZED.  IN
THIS CASE BEFORE THE FOREMAN LEFT THE BURRO CRANE, HE INSTRUCTED
IT NOT TO OCCUPY ANY PORTION OF THE TRACK ON THE BRIDGE UNTIL FURTHER
/~\     ADVISED.
THIS PICTURE SHOWS THE FOREMAN AUTHORIZING THE TRAIN TO PASS THE
RED FLAG, AND FOLLOW THE FOREMAN ON HIS TRACK MOTOR DOWN TO THE
BRIDGE.
133. FOREMAN CAMERON TAKES TRAIN INTO LIMITS
THE FOREMAN ALSO INSTRUCTED THE BURRO CRANE TO PROCEED EASTWARD
TO CLEAR AT THE NEXT SIDING AS SOON AS THE EXTRA EAST WAS SEEN
APPROACHING.
HERE THE BURRO CRANE HAVING SEEN THE EXTRA EAST BEING PILOTED TO
THE BRIDGE BY THE FOREMAN IN CHARGE, COMMENCES ITS MOVEMENT EASTWARD
IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PRE-ARRANGED PLAN.
O 0
o
- 36 -
THE FOREMAN CONTINUES ON HIS TRACK MOTOR AHEAD OF THE TRAIN UNTIL
THE BURRO CRANE IS CLEAR AT THE NEXT SIDING.
134. QUESTION
COULD MORE THAN ONE MACHINE WORKING IN THE SAME LIMITS BE ADEQUATELY
PROTECTED BY THIS RULE?
135. FOREMAN ON RADIO -TWO MACHINES
YES, PROVIDED ALL INSTRUCTIONS CONCERNING THE MOVEMENT OF TRAINS
PAST THE RED FLAG ARE CHANNELLED THROUGH THE FOREMAN IN CHARGE, MOSE
NAME APPEARS IN THE TRAIN ORDER.
136. FOREMAN AT RED FLAG
WHETHER A TRAIN HAS BEEN BROUGHT IN BY THE FOREMAN PERSONALLY AS
HAS JUST BEEN ILLUSTRATED, OR PERMITTED TO PASS THE RED FLAG ON INSTRUCTIONS RECEIVED BY MEANS OF RADIO COMMUNICATION, THE RESPONSIBILITY MUST NOT BE DIVIDED.  THIS MAN MUST ASSUME RESPONSIBILITY
FOR THE SAFE PASSAGE OF ANY TRAIN HE AUTHORIZES INTO THE TERRITORY,
WHETHER IT BE FOR A PART OF THE DISTANCE OR THROUGH THE MOLE AREA
BETWEEN THE LIMITS PRESCRIBED IN THE TRAIN ORDER.
137. THE END
THIS CONCLUDES THE FIRST PORTION OF MAINTENANCE OF WAY FLAGGING
RULES.  THE LAST IN THIS SERIES, AS WELL AS INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE
USE OF RADIOS IN MAINTENANCE OF WAY WORK IS CONTAINED IN FILMSTRIP
ENTITLED U.C.O.R. NO:  5.
O 

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