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The Chung Collection

Clippings of drawings and text describing C.P.R. history created to celebrate the Canadian Pacific centennial Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1981

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In 1981 we, at Canadian Pacific,
pause on the threshold of our second century,
to look back on our first.
We believe it is appropriate, now, to remember,
and to pay homage to, the immense challenges
of yesterday, met with vision and overcome with
We believe it is appropriate, too, to acknowledge,
with justifiable pride, the achievements apparent
today, hard-Vvon and real.
And we believe it is also appropriate to
rededicate the company in the spirit of its past, to
the certain challenges of tomorrow, unseen now,
but sure to come.
Yesterday. Today. And Tomorrow.
These are the words that give meaning and
purpose to the celebration of our Canadian Pacific
The company and its people, are nourished
by its history, but do not live in its past.
They move to the changing rhythms
of the present, and are ready to be judged on their
worth today.'
And they regard the future with high hope,
reposing their confidence in the people,
now coming forward, who will carry them there.
Yesterday Today And Tomorrow-our centennial
theme and, we believe, a fitting one for an on-going
company at any of its moments in time.
Now, on the following pages, we respectfully
give you the story of Canadian Pacific. And its people.
Canadian Pacific Canadian
Pacific ■
100 Years
Today and
1. In 1881 Canada was
composed of settlements
in the Eastern provinces
and in British Columbia.
2. Between was a virtual
wilderness. Unknown.
Untamed. Almost
3. The western prairie was
mainly a land of Indians
and rugged trappers and
4. Teepee villages were
the most common
settlements to be seen.
5. A Pacific Railway had
been debated for years, but
many parliamentarians
were still opposed.
8. Finally a group of determined
men undertook the
unprecedented task and the
Canadian Pacific Railway
Company was incorporated •
on February 16,1881.
9. George Stephen set the
tone for the enterprise,
and was its first president.
10. In Britain they were
sceptical and wondered if
the frostbound wilderness,
as they viewed Canada, ^*^:
was worth the effort.       C~" - i
13. A formidable man, William
Cornelius Van Home, was
given all the authority he
needed to build the railway
14. On the prairies Van Home
pushed the tracks
through at the incredible
rate of 500 miles the first
year 1882.
15. Workmen were paid $1.50
per day. Less board.
Board vsas $4.00 per week.
18. Van Home was the driving
force of the construction
and was liable to turnup
George Stephen handled
financing. He and Donald
Smith personally endorsed
a million-"dollar note in
1885 to keep the company
Soon after, the fast
transport of troops to the
second Northwest
Rebellion proved the
worth of the railway to the
government. The funds
needed to carry on were
soon forthcoming.
22. The line was finished in
only 53 months, about half
the time expected by
the numerous critics of the
23. Its founders viewed
Canadian Pacific as much
more than a railway. They
moved quickly to develop
other fields and, by 1886,
public telegraphs were
extended coast-torcoast.
24. Express service began
with one horse and
a second-hand wagon,
under the name of
Dominion Express.
25. The railway express made
mail order merchandising
practical for distant
communities in 1884.
26. Early hotels grew from
restaurants established
along the line.
27. Having completed the
railway, the founders now
looked beyond it for ways
to make it most productive.
6. In the United States many
Americans believed the
British northwest territory-
was naturally theirs.
7. Prime Minister Sir John
A. Macdonald felt a Pacific
Railway was urgently
needed to unite and
preserve the country
12. Both friends and
opponents of George
Stephen believed the
railway would be his ruin.
And it almost was.
16. Workmen had a
hard life, with few amenities.
Whisky peddlers were
one of the greatest
hazards to the work.
17. Another hazard was nature
itself. Rock, muskeg and
interminable canyons cost
the builders time and
21. Construction was
completed on November
British Columbia.
The iast spike, a frugal
iron one, was driven by
DonajtfSmith. Canadian      Yesterday
Pacific Today and
100 Years      Tomorrow
7. After the war, William Nea!
and Grant McConachie
obtained the right
for Canadian Pacific to
continue to fly-to
Australia and the Orient
2. The Empress of Sydney,
a Canadair Four aircraft,
made the first Canadian
.    Pacific flight to Australia
in July, 1949.
3. Expanding airline routes
extended Canadian Pacific
operations to countries
where it had never been
active before.,
4. Other early destinations
were Mexico, Peru, Chile,
Argentina, the Netherlands,
totalling 22,000 miles of
routes to five continents.
6. In 1947 a different type of
aircraft, a UFO, was seen
by train crews in Manitoba
and Saskatchewan.
7. In 1955 the company
began flights on the great
circle route over the North
Pole, the shortest distance
between Vancouver and
8. Canadian Pacific was the
only coast-to-coast
telegraph network until
1921 when the government
entered the business.
9. Besides private
communications, news,
stock market quotations,
even sports events were
reported by the telegraph.
11. In 1930 CN/CP set up the
first transcontinental wire
line network for transmission
of radio programs. In 1953
they provided their first TV
network transmission
service to the CBC between
Toronto and Windsor.
12. William Mather expanded
the company trucking
services. By 1954 they
operated over 3,500 miles
of roads.
13. In 1954 there were 280
trucks on the road. Five
years later 3,860 trucks
and trailers were operating.
16. By 1960 'Buck' Crump
transformed the railway into
a diesel-operated line.
Cost was $250 million.
Saving was $50 million -
a year.
17. A diesel locomotive could
run about 200,000 miles
per year, a steam locomotive
about 75,000. In 1960
only 1,054 diesels did the
work of about twice as
many steam locomotives,
18. The last run of a company
steam locomotive was on
November 6,1960, by a
veteran buitt in company
shops in 1887 and in
constant use thereafter.
20. Other changes were on
the way. The railway was
modernized with
automated marshalling
yards, improved track
maintenance, automated
signalling and computerized freight car tracing.
21. Anew luxury train,
the Canadian, combined
the grand traditions of
passenger travel with the
streamlined efficiency of
modern times. It offered
the longest scenic dome
train ride in the world.
22. The Canadian reduced
the time on the 2,881 miles
between Montreal and
Vancouver from four nights
to three.
25. Train travel reached its peak
during World War II. Ten
years after the Canadian
was introduced 2.5 million
fewer people travelled
on company trains. Five
years later 1.5 million more
were gone.
1947" 194S
5. The goose symbol of
Canadian Pacific Air Lines
was known around the
world. But the right to fly to
destinations across
Canada was still denied.
10. In 1956 Canadian National
and Canadian Pacific
began the first Telex service,
a system of direct
print-out transmission that
would soon revolutionize
communications in Canada.
14. The'Piggyback'service
was a natural integration of
trucks and trains. It was
an early form of intermodal
15. The Selkirk locomotive was
the largest and heaviest in
the Commonwealth. But, by
1957, it was a museum piece,
replaced by diesel power.
19. Another change in trans-
was the first scheduled
flights by the company
between Montreal, Toronto
Winnipeg and Vancouver
on May 4,1959.
23. By 1960 there were a
dozen kinds of specialized
freight cars in use. The fleet
remained at about 80,000
but carrying capacity was
greatly increased.
24. The Canadian was an
expensive attempt to retain
passenger traffic for the
railway, but it was yielding
to the inexorable competition of the automobile
and the airplane, and
beginning a long decline. Canadian      Yesterday
Pacific Today and
100 Years       Tomorrow
1. The Canadian Pacific
charter, in 1881, granted the
right to operate the railway
and other transportation
activities. Later amendments
added mining, iron and
steelmaking, forest products, hotels and aircraft.
2. In 1962 Canadian Pacific
Investments became the
active arm of the company's
thrust to diversify. It assembled the non-transportation
subsidiaries and investment
activities of the company
5. Cominco, the company's
mining subsidiary, is one of
the world's largest
producers of lead and
zinc. It operates in Canada
and other parts, of the
world including Spain,
Greenland, Australia and
the United States.
6. The company produces
other metals as welt.
Some, refined to 99.9999
percent pure, are used
in space technology and
have gone to \
the moon.
10. Microscopic examination
of rock samples reveals
oil-bearing potential and
initiates further exploration. can take as long as 10 years
to develop a producing well.
12. PanCanadian is active in
exploration and development, primarily in Western
Canada but also in the Arctic,
offshore East Coast,
Australia, the United States
and the-.$S% North Sea.
16. Some Marathon projects
are large office buildings
like Paliiser Square in
Calgary. Many are smaller
buildings in medium-sized
cities, or in smaller centres.
17. Ian Sinclair became president
of a vastly-changed, and
changing company The
diversification program and
the resource industries
were becoming a major
factor Canadian Pacific
Investments was a going,
and growing, concern.
21. Expansion programs have
increased newsprint
capacity and added kraft
pulp mills, fine and
kraft paper operations, two
lumber facilities and a
waferboard plant.
22. Algoma Steel is one of the
most modern steel companies in North America
and is recognized in many
parts of the world for its
innovative technology
24. The No. 2 Basic Gxygen
Steelmaking Plant can
make 250 tons of steel in
approximately 40 minutes.
The previous open
hearth method took more
than 10 hours.
25. You may find Algoma steel
in your car, appliances,
skates, snowmobile, light
fixtures, office furniture
and many other
industrial, commercialand
consumer products.
26. CP Hotels operates hotels
across Canada and
in other parts of the world.
The company became
part of Canadian Pacific
Investments in
28. Franklin Plaza, opened in
1980, in Philadelphia, is the
newest Canadian Pacific
hotel, and the first in the
United States.
29. Exacting standards of
service were established
in the beginning by Van
Home, and the hotels have
cherished this tradition
ever since.
30. In 1967, Le Chateau
Champlain was at the heart
of a national celebration.
At. Expo 67 Canadians, more
clearly than ever before,
saw their country as uniquely
IGominoo       *
3. Buck'Crump set in motion
an energetic program of
diversification that would give
Canadian Pacific two
broad areas of activity.
Transportation. And resource
4. Mining was one of the earliest
of the resource industries.
The Sullivan Mine, in
Kimberley B.C., produces
more than 8,000 tons of
ore per day, and has reserves
to last into the next century
7. Your car may contain
'    Cominco lead in its battery
and gasoline, and
Cominco zinc in its carburetor, instrument panel,
doorhandles, radiator grill
or rust coating.
8. Robert Emerson continued
the policy of diversification
when he became president.
9. Canadian Pacific became
active in the oil and gas
industry in 1958 with the
formation of the company
which later became
PanCanadian Petroleum.
13 Today PanCanadian
Petroleum is one of the
largest Canadian-controlled
oil and gas companies.
14. Marathon Realty, established
in 1963, has interests from
15. You may shop in one of
the 31 Marathon-built
shopping centres from
Vancouver Island to
Quebec City.
19. The Ontario Government
licenses cutting rights
on 21,000 square miles of
forest to the company. It
must maintain the forest's
balance between cutting
and new growth each year
20. You coufd find Great Lakes
products in your house
construction, kitchen
cabinets,1urniture, wall
panelling, picnic plates or
23. Steel is made to different
recipes with different
-qualities such as strength,
weldability and formability.
More than 450 grades can
be made to customers'
■ji] \mftm     1
2 7. The Royal York is represen-
tative of the convenient
city centre locations of
company hotels. Others are
in spectacular resort areas.
31. In 1967 Canadian Pacific,
too, could share the
satisfaction of being truly
Canadian. Eighty years
previously George Stephen
had hoped that Canadians
would soon become the
majority of investors in the
company. But it was not
until 1965 that his hope was
fulfilled. Today Canadian
Pacific involves thousands of
Canadians as^hareholders. Canadian      Yesterday
Pacific Today and
100 Years      Tomorrow
1. In 1968 the new multimark
symbol became the focal
-   point of developments in
transportation. Alt modes of
transportation in Canadian
Pacific moved to meet the
needs of changing times.
2. Company trucks,
operating across Canada
and into the United States,
provide a variety of services
including intermodal links
with rail and shipping.
3. The newest service,
Excelerater, provides fast,
door-to-door delivery for
time-sensitive, high-value
I shipments
land Vancouver.
7. CP Air flies a variety of
aircraft including the
Boeing 74 7 with passenger
capacity of 442.
8. A new, and growing,
aspect of the air service is
cargo carrying.
9. Fred Burbidge, eleventh
president of the company,
wilt guide it into its second
11. CP Ships is now an
exclusively cargo-carrying
fleet. The supertanker
TG. Shaughnessy is one of
some 40 bulk carriers
and container ships plying
world trade routes.
12. Canadian Pacific has
maintained its position as
one of the world's
major shipowners for almost
80 years.
13. The container ship is the
sea link in the company's
intermodal system of
transportation that includes
trucks and trains.
It speeds up handling of
freight from shipping point
»to destination.
16. Diesel locomotives now
number 1,200. To handle
increasing traffic many are
being up-graded in a
great program of re-building
in company shops.
17. Unit trains, introduced in
1967, are whole trains
of identical cars carrying
single commodities.
Today 100-carunit coal trains,
over a mile long, are
unloaded without stopping.
19. Telecommunications makes
communications practical.
It is also used for news
and weather services,
stock market information,
TV and radio transmission,
and police, air traffic and
national defence work.
20. CN/CP Telecommunications participated in the
development of the Anik
satellites, now facilitating
worldwide telecommunications links.
21. The network control centre
in Toronto constantly
monitors the telecommunications system and ensures
its efficient operation.
24. In keeping with its
developing role in the
diversification of company
non-transportation operations, Canadian Pacific
Investments adopted a new,
more descriptive name
in 1980-Canadian Pacific
25. The Canadian Pacific
Enterprises logotype
symbolizes the company
concept of individual
entities working for mutual
26. Ian Sinclair has presided
over a period of unprecedented growth, and change,
and diversification for
Canadian Pacific,
that has transformed
the company from
its railway beginnings.
27. In 1981 Canadian Pacific, in
the diverse worldwide
operations of its transportation services and
resource industries, is one
of the few truly transnational
companies in Canada.
28. And what will Canadian
Pacific be like in the future ?
Time alone will tell. But one
thing is certain. Canadian
Pacific will be therel
4. Specialized trucks, adapted
to a variety of needs,
carry bulk freight, liquids,
refrigerated products
and other commodities.
5. CP Air now competes
across Canada and flies
60,000 miles of routes
linking five continents.
6. The grand tradition of the
original hotels and ships
has been carried on in the
first class service of CPAir
jets worldwide.
10. The third Empress of
Canada, last of the great
passenger liners, made her
final voyage for the company in 1971, a victim of
changing modes of travel.
over 115 billion ton-miles of
freight per year, 9.3 times
the volume of 50 years
ago, 207 times that of 1886
15. A master control board
records the location of all
locomotives and the
hundreds of trains normally
moving on company lines
at any time.
Canadian Pacific
18. The CN/CP Telecommunications microwave system
provides corilmunications
at 186,000 mifes per second.
It operates adossthe
country with connections
around the world.
I 1 The University Medal, which goes this year to the
top student in the faculty of arts, was won by Alexander Jones of Vancouver, an honors classics student
who was awarded a Bachelor of Arts degree.
In medicine, Vincent C.Y. Ho of Vancouver was
awarded the Dr. A.B. Schinbein Memorial Prize for
fourth-year medical student obtaining the highest
standing in surgery.
About 80 people —
many of them disabled —.
participated in the first
annual B.C. integrated
swim meet held Saturday at the West Vancouver aquatic centre.
"The format of the
meet was participation
and fun," said Phil De-
Leeuw, program coordinator for Canadian Blind
Sports. "And there were
some good swims put in
He said about 30 disabled and 50 able-bodied
swimmers took part in
the one-day event. Disabled competitors included paraplegics,
those with cerebral palsy
and the blind.
One blind 14-year-old
girl, Yvette Michel,
placed fourth in the 100-
metre freestyle, out of 18
sighted swimmers —
most of whom belong to
either the Chena swim
club or the West Van
Otters swim club. De-
Leeuw said that Michel
holds four world swimming records for the
Lee Grenin, a party
blind swimmer, placed
first out of 12 swimmers
in the 25-metre open.
1742 West 2nd Ave.
(East of Burrard)
Pierre Morton, totally
blind and deaf, placed
first in the blind 50-metre
back swim. Morton, a
Vancouver Community
College student, participates on a track team
and wrestles at Simon
Fraser University. "He's
an amazing guy," De-
Leeuw said.
"We're hoping more
people from around B.C.
will attend next year,"
he said.
A      MAY2-MAY31
g       1P.M. ft 3 P.M.
g Harbour Ftrrto Ltd.
£ Northtootof
£ i Dtnmtn
Mr. Mileage Maker, Bill
Docksteader, says you
can lease a new Honda!
Your choice model, options and term! Ask for
Nelson Yeomans!
Bill Docksteader's
445 Kingsway!
will outsell the
Five years ago it
was Honda. And
every year since then
it has continued to
be Honda*
While this
makes us exceedingly delighted, it also
points out that
people don't buy
Hondas because
they're No. 1, they
buy Hondas because
of the things that
made them No. 1.
Things like
Honda's famous
front wheel drive; a feature that's standard
on every Honda car sold. And a fully independent suspension; a feature that helps
smooth out some of the roughest roads.
And, of course, there are many other
features. Like radial ply tires, an interior
hatch, or trunk release and rear window
Like the fact that the Civic 1500 GL
gets an incredible economy rating of 5.8 L
per 100 km or 48.7 MPG and a highway
rating of 4.9L per 100km or 577 MPG.**
It's all part of a Honda philosophy that
states that if you build a car that is right
for the times; a car that is economical yet
enthusiastic; a car that is well equipped,
before options; a car that is innovative and
enjoyable, then the people who buy good
cars will buy your cars.
And they have. This spring we'll
sell our J4 millionth Honda in Canada;
a feat we've accomplished in a very
short time. We think it's cause for celebration. And that's exactly what our
Honda dealers are doing during
Honda's J4 Million Celebration. Come
in and test drive a Honda. And you'll
see what makes
Honda Accord 3 door.
♦Based on R.L, Polk new car sales. Best selling import car in years 1976,1977, 1978,1979,1980. **These figures are estimates based on Transport Canada approved test methods, and provide a useful comparison
guide for new models. The actual mileage you get will vary according to your driving habits your car's condition, optional equipment and driving conditions.
Kingsway Honda
445 Kingsway Avenue
Dealer Licence No. D5711
Clarke Simpkins Honda
2390 Burrard St.
Dealer Licence No. D5931
Westwood Honda
2400 Barnet Hwy.
Dealer Licence No. D5933
Langiey Honda Cars
19820 Fraser Highway
Dealer Licence No. D5659
Marv Jones Limited
20691 liugheed Highway
Dealer Licence No. D5108
Pat Latti Motors Limited
32588 South Fraserway
Dealer Licence No. D5579
Pacific Honda Automobiles Ltd.
725 Marine Drive
Dealer Licence No. D5583
Middlegate Honda
6984 Kingsway
Burnaby, B.C. V5E1E6
Dealer Licence No. D6869
Richmond Imports Limited
3691 No. 3 Road
Dealer Licence Ni. D5597
Sur Del Auto Imports Limited
13805 —104th Avenue
Dealer Licence No. D5098
White Rock Honda Cars
2466 King George Highway
Dealer Licence No. D6010
Happy Honda Automobiles
4806 E. Hastings Street
Dealer Licence No. D5692 Canadian -   Yesterday
Pacific Today and
100 Years      Tomorrow
1. The first scheduled
transcontinental passenger
train left Montreal on
June 28,1186
2. It arrived abort Moody,
the westernterminus,
sharp on tin\e, 5 days and
19 hours lam
3. Later, emergency supplies
of food weracarried
in case pass&iger trains
were snoweq in.
, In 1886, Ladyyiacdonald
rode a cushioned
cowcatcher from Uke
Louise to the coast
She was thrilled bythe
grandeur of the rode.
7. In 1886, the W.B. Flint was
the first of seven chartered
sailing ships bringing tea
from Japan. It was delivered
to the East in record time
on special trains.
8. In 1887 the first engine
arrived in Vancouver. It was
built in company shops
in Montreal. Cost-$7,000.
9. Vancouver, named by
Van Home, became the
railway's western terminus
and the port for Pacific
steamships in 1887
10. Service on Pacific sea-
lanes was supplemented,
in 1887 with the steamer
Abyssinia. By 1891
Canadian Pacific provided
monthly service to the
Orient under its own flag.
13. In 1888 the first Banff
Springs Hotel gave the
best view to the kitchens.
Van Home, furious
but practical, ordered a
rotunda to give the
favoured view to guests.
14. In 1885 the railway's
mileage was 4,338.
By 1890, mileage was
6,114 and stretched from
coast-to-coast and into the
American Mid-west.
15. The Chateau Style of
architecture, that
distinguishes many of the
company's major stations
and hotels, was introduced
withLe Chateau Frontenac
in 1893.
17. Sir Alexander Campbell,
in 1881 .foresaw that
Canadian Pacific, in addition
to building the railway,
had undertaken to people
a continent.
18. Now it was settlement of
the unpopulated land, and
the traffic settlement
would generate, that would
ensure the success of
the company
19. Canadian Pacific received
$25 million as part payment
for building the railway
But, by 1886, the total cost
was$161.5 million including
branch lines and equipment.
23. The last Best West! as it
was advertised, was
not for the faint of heart.
Hardship and backbreaking
labour were the norm.
24. Immigrants had to be
adaptable. The Reverend
William Gold regularly
rode the rails to a distant
church on a uniquely-
adapted bicycle.
25. Both the government
and the company were
vigorous, and highly
original, promoters of the
great Canadian West to all
potential settlers.
28. Towns sprang up at
intervals on both Canadian
Pacific and government
lands. Many a western town
and city traces its beginning
to the coming of the rails.
29. The first plans for Regina,
Moose Jaw, Brandon, Swift
Current and Medicine Hat
were drawn by the railway
30. To create arable land in
southern Alberta, the company undertook the largest
irrigation project in North
America with the building
of the Bassano Dam.
31. To increase wheat production, 10 experimental farms
.   were established to
help settlers with crops
and methods.
32. Wheat was the commerce
of the Prairies. In attempting
to help in the production
of crops, the company's aim
was a prosperous
community to create traffic
for the railway
5. Passengar cars were
richly deorated and
elaboratly carved. Berths
were loiger and wider
than usial, a stipulation of
6. The ccnpany soon looked
beyonl Pacific tidewater
for freifht traffic for the
railway Tea was one source:
11. When he became president
in 1888, Van Home rapidly
improved and expanded
the system.
12. The Hotel Vancouver,
opened in 1887, was the
first of the major hotels
that eventually spanned
the country.
16. With the purchase of a
branch rail line in B.C.
the company received a
smelter in Trail. This was
the small beginning of the
Consolidated Mining
and Smelting Company,
today's Cominco Ltd.
21. Immigrants came in an
ever-increasing tide from
Britain, Europe and the
United States. Land
was the attraction.
Free land. Cheap land.
22. Western land was owned,
in alternating sections,
by the government and the
railway The railway
charged $2.50 per acre,
but government land
was free and was usually
settled first.
26. In the end, Canadian Pacific
spent more than the
Government of Canada on
immigration and settlement.
27. Thomas Shaughnessy
as president, presided over
the peak settlement years
from 1902 to 1912. In the
period, the prairie population
tripled to over 1.25 million.
N Canadian      Yesterday
Pacific Today and
100 Years       Tomorrow
1. In 1908, the crew of an
engine was horrified to
see a train bearing down
on them on the same
track. Strangely, it met,
passed them and suddenly
disappeared, a Phantom
Train that has never been
Thomas Shaughnessy
was not a man of fantasies.
His hard-headed administration was a golden era
for Canadian Pacific and
saw many unprecedented
3. The highest railway
bridge in Canada, 5,328
feet long over the
Oldman River, was built
at Lethbridge in 1909.
. Company hotels provided
the best accommodation
available. They Were noted
for their high standards
of service, food and
8. A great program of hotel
building was launched
from Victoria to the
. The company's head
office, Windsor Station,
took its present form.
13. By 1914 Canadian Pacific
was one of the world's
major shipowners with an
ocean and freshwater
fleet of almost 100 ships.
14. The Empress of Britain, in
1906, was the first
Canadian Pacific ship to
have wireless equipment
18. Timbered lands were
beginning to be used in a
small way to produce
railway ties and lumber.
4. Two spiral tunnels, the only
ones of their kind in
North America, reduced
grades in the mountains and
doubled the hauling
capacity of locomotives.
5. Freight and passenger
traffic increased
by about four times from
1900 to 1913.
6. In the same period over
4,000 miles of track were
added, increasing mileage •
from 7,000 to 11,366.
11. Thomas Shaughnessy
raised the company's flag
on the Atlantic in 1903 with
the purchase of 15 Beaver
Line ships. Seven years
later he bought the Allan
Line with 18 more ships.
12. Canadian Pacific ships
supplied bed, blankets and
eating utensils free for
third class passengers.
Many competitors provided
16. The company was now
making its first tentative
moves into the
development of natural
resources and became
involved with coal mining
at Lethbridge.
17. Lead/zinc ore was
produced by the Sullivan
Mine in Kimberley B.C.
It eventually became one
of the world's largest
. Its ships were used as
auxiliary cruisers,
battleships, hospital ships
and transports. By war's
end 13 had been sunk.
, Company shops in
Montreal stopped building
locomotives and produced
18-pound $hells 24 hours
a day seven days a week.
26.11,340 employees enlisted
for war service. 1,116 lost
their lives. 20,685 returning
veterans were employed.
27. By 1915 there were two
more transcontinental
railways and other smaller
lines as well. But soon they
were in financial difficulties.
30. In move and counter
move over 4,000 miles
of new lines were laid in
nine ybars. Both railways
competed aggressively for
31. The Hudson was one
of the great locomotives
of the age of steam, it
represented the immense
improvement in operations
that matched the expansion
and competition of the
, Canadian      Yesterday
Pacific Today and
100 Years      Tomorrow
1. After World War I
immigration slowed so
ships were adapted to
tourist travel on the Atlantic
and Pacific.
2. Canadian Pacific ships,
among the largest and best-
appointed of any ships
afloat, soon carried 60
percent of the passengers
between Canada and
3. It was a time of deluxe
world cruises, and
Canadian Pacific ships
became familiar sights in
many exotic ports around
the world.
7. Many hotels became
famous resorts or social
centres in their localities.
Many were rebuilt and
refurbished at this time.
8. The Royal York, with 1,156
rooms, was the largest
hotel in the Commonwealth.
Later additions, to
1,600 rooms, have retained
this distinction.
9. Only four months after the
opening of the Royal York,
the Great Depression
loomed, and soon settled
like a pall on the country
And the people.
12. Sir Edward Beatty characterized the Depression as
an economic storm of
unparalleled violence. For
the first time the company
had to withhold dividends,
and rigid economies were
13. A shop foreman, in an
apt summation of the
time, ordered a quantity of
black paint "to brighten
up the place1.'
14. But all was not black. For
short hauls, ofless-than-
carload freight, trucks
were an effective new
mode of transportation.
Introduced in 1934,
this service was soon
At the same time a small 19.
diesel electric locomotive
was the first of a new
generation of motive power
that would later transform
the operation of the railway
The first air-conditioned
passenger cars were 20.
introduced in 1936, cooled
by 5,000-pound ice boxes
As the Depression eased, 21.
war threatened, and to
strengthen the bonds of
the Commonwealth,
King George VI and
Queen Elizabeth toured
Canada in 1939.
They crossed the sea
on Canadian Pacific ships,
and the Royal Train was
pulled from Quebec City
to Vancouver by a Hudson
locomotive in special livery
for the occasion.
From that time on, all
Hudson locomotives bore
the crown symbol and were
■known as Royal Hudsons.
The Royal Tour became a
celebration after the bleak
years of the Depression.
But it marked the change
from peace to war for the
country And the company
4. In 12 months beginning in
1928, nine new ships were
added to the fleet.
5. Launched in 1930, the
Empress of Japan, 26,000
tons, 22 knots, was the
largest and fastest ship on
regular Pacific service.
6. Company hotels were
viewed as attractions that
would induce travellers
to use Canadian Pacific
trains and ships.
11. People began to leave the"
land. The company made
financial concessions to
homesteaders to keep them
on their farms, an
act of humanity, and of
15. Another positive venture
was the entry with Canadian
National, into the regional
airline business. The goal
was a nation-wide service,
but the government
formation of Trans-Canada
Airlines in 1936 forced its
postponement. Canadian      Yesterday
Pacific Today and
100 Years      Tomorrow
1. The threatening war
became reality in the fall of
1939 as World War II began
in Poland.
2. For Canadian Pacific, action
at sea began at once
with the fitting out of some
of the passenger liners
as auxiliary cruisers.
5. The use of locomotives
and rolling stock was pushed
to an unprecedented
degree to meet the demands
of the war.
6. Passengertrafficin 1944,
both military and civilian,
was 18.4 million. It was the
highest ever, either
before or since that time.
7. Handling this traffic was
achieved despite the loss
of over 20,000 people
to the"Armed Forces, the
equivalent of 45 percent .
of the entire pre-war staff.
11. 'Punch'Dickins, World
War I ace and pioneer bush
pilot, played a leading
role in setting up the air
ferry service.
12. Three-quarters of the
navigators trained in
Canada during
the war graduated from
schools operated by
Canadian Pacific.
13. The company also
operated aircraft overhaul
plants for the air training
schools andRCAF
16. Canadian Pacific Air Lines
began with 77 aircraft of
many different kinds, a
circumstance which made
early operations difficult.
17. Grant McConachie and
'Punch'Dickins took on
the task of shaping the
destiny of the new airline.
But the government
ordered that railways
would have to be yj
out of the airline^
business within f
a year after the
20. The end of hostilities
brought a glimpse of a new
and promising decade for
the people. For the company it brought rebuilding
and new challenges.
21. The ocean fleet got first
priority. New 10,000-ton
freighters were ordered
immediately, and soon
Empress passenger liners
reappeared on the
22. It was a time of optimism
and prosperity
23. And it was the beginning
of a time of swift
and decisive changes for
Canadian Pacific. Government development of
highways, airports and the
St. Lawrence Seaway
would provide new
3. In 1940, the Canadian
Pacific ship Beaveilord,
badly outgunned, engaged
the battleship Admiral
Scheer for five hours before
being sunk with all hands.
4. Thirteen of the company's
ships were lost, including
the 42,000-ton flagship
Empress of Britain. Gnly
five ships returned fit for use.
10. In 1940, after only short
preparation, a bomber
delivery service by air to
Britain was operated by
the company It later
became the famous RAF
Ferry Command.
15. D.C. Coleman saw a great
future for company
air transport after the war
19. Canadians were ready to
welcome the peace with
as much energy as they
. had prosecuted the war


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