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History of Canadian Pacific Airlines Canadian Pacific Railway Company. Canadian Pacific Air Lines Jan 31, 1960

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The growth of  Canadian Pacific Airlines to global proportions.,   since its ben-inning 13 years ago as a scattered group of
small "bush": operations  in Northern Canada,  has been one of the marvels
of modern transportation.
Formed in 1942 by the  amalgamation of 10  independent air
services In western and northern  Canada,   the Airline  today operates
a 44,700-mile  route pattern linking five  continents as well as major
cities  in Canada.     This pattern comprises 7,500 domestic  route miles
(including  2,450 miles  on the mainline  service inaugurated on May 4,
The overseas routes, 37,200 miles in extent, stretch from
Hong Kong through Tokyo5 Vancouver, Mexico City, Lima and Santiago,
Chile ^to Buenos Aires: from Australia and New Zealand to Fiji,
through Honolulu and Vancouver thence over the Polar Route to Amsterdam; and from ^exico City through Toronto and Montreal to Lisbon,
Madrid, and Rome*
Canadian Pacific has become renowned as "the worldTs
greatest travel system" and continues to maintain leadership in the
operation of steamships, hotels, telegraphs, express services, highway
transport and other facilities*  Canadian Pacific demonstrated its
interest in aviation as early as 1919 when the Company obtained a
special permit from the Canadian Government to own and operate
commercial aircraft. It was not until 1933,   however,   that the Company became
directly interested in large-scale air operations when it paid ^50,000
for a block of stock in Canadian Airways,   which then operated in the
northwestern areas of Canada,
During the thirties,   the  Canadian bush pilots had pioneered
a network  of northern air  routes linking isolated corrmunities and
potentially rich mining areas with the  end of steel*     By the   end  of
that  decade,   however,  the  numerous  small bush   companies were in serious
difficulties  because  of inadequate  finances,   rising  costs,   and the use
of  small,   inefficient aircraft,
It was under these  circumstances that Canadian racific
undertook the task of organizing northern air transportation into  a
co-ordinated pattern.
Meanwhile,   at the time   cf   the fall  of France,  in June,
1940,   the British Government asked Canadian ^acific  to assist in
organizing a  service to ferry bombers over the Atlantic *     Canadian
Pacific  organized and  directed this  service through  its formative
period,   after which it was taken over by the Royal Air Force,
another major  aviation contribution by Canadian xacific
was the Airlines1   operation of six air observer  schools on a non-profit
basis  during the x^rar as part of the  British Commonwealth Air Training
In line with  CanadaTs  stepped-up national  defense  effort,
C.P.A.  was  commissioned to  operate the Royal  Canadian .air Force  No.
10  Repair Station at Calgary on June 15,   1951»    Work at this depot,*3.
which still continues, is largely maintenance on all types of military
C,P0A,  played a prominent part in Canada s  contribution to the
United Nations  during the  Korean campaign.     Following the inception
of the  airlift  in 1950,   the Airline  made 703   return trips  over the
4,$00 mile  route between Vancouver and Tokyo.     Passengers  carried
included both Canadian and American  personnel totalling 39,313   snd the
CompanyTs planes  logged over 7,000,000 miles on the great  circle  route
via  the Aleutian Islands,
In its  domestic operations,   C#P,A,   now  carries modern  pioneers
and their equipment  to and from North America1 s last frontiers,   Alaska
and the Yukon,     Into  a  land  formerly accessible only by dog  sled  and
river boat,   C,P,A,   n°w operates  a year-round  scheduled passenger and
freight   service.
In one of   the most dramatic barters in Canadian airline  history,
C,P,A#   traded its Ontario and Quebec domestic  routes for Trans-Canada
Airlines!   Toronto to     exico  run.     The  exchange  took place in September,
1955,   and  C#P#A*   inaugurated its non-stop Toronto-to-Mexico  service on
November  6th of the  same  year.     This  route  continues  southward to Lima,
Peru,   Santiago,   Chile,   and Buenos Aires,   Argentina,   and was later
extended eastward to Montreal,   Lisbon, Madrid and Rome,
The most  significant development in the history of Canadian
commercial  aviation  since the formation of   C.P.A.   in 1942,  took place
on May 4,  1959,  with  the   inauguration of the Airlines*   "Canadian Empress"
service,       C#P,A,Ts Britannias established  a new transcontinental  service 4«4»4,4,4*
which offered the fastest flights in Canada between Vancouver, Winnipeg,
Toronto and Montreal, The service, consisting of one flight a day in
each direction, afforded tourist class passengers the luxury of jet-
powered flight for the first time in Canada.
The Canadian Air Transport Board conducted a hearing in
Edmonton on June 16, 1959, to determine the destiny of C,P,A,*s
MacKenzie District - comprising the Company1s routes stretching from
Edmonton to the shores of the Arctic Ocean,  In keeping with its policy
of providing expansion opportunities for smaller airlines, while seeking
to standardize equipment and extend its own mail-line type services,
C.?#A. made application to relinquish the MacKenzie, and Pacific
Western Airlines applied for the right to operate the se services.
Pacific Western Airlines completed taking over the operation on July
20, 1959.
From Vancouver1s International Airport, Canadian Pacific
Airlines now operates its fast-expanding international services.
In addition to many communities in Canada, C#P0A# serves
Tokyo and Hong Kong; Sydney, Australia; Auckland, New Zealand; Fiji
and Honolulu; Mexico City; Lima, Santiago and Buenos Aires; Amsterdam,
Hollandjby the Polar Route; Santa Maria, Lisbon, Madrid and Rome, C,PfA#
is one of the few airlines in the world which flies over the International Dateline, the Equator and the Arctic Circle,
Canadian Pacific Airlines is. flying into the jet age at full
throttle. As a major step in its planned program to service all its
overseas routes with jet-powered aircraft,   the Airline has ordered a
fleet  of 159-passenger  Douglas Super DC-S  jet airliners for delivery
In 1961,     The,order for four  of these $6,000,000 aircraft, with options
for five more,  was announced  in October,   1959?     The  Super DC-S,  powered
by the new Rolls-Royce Conway Mark 15  engines,   will be  the most powerful
commercial  jet aircraft   in the world.     In addition,   the Company has a
fleet of eight Bristol Britannia  jet-prop airliners which have  been,put
into   service on its route linking Mexico  City and Rome,   via Toronto,
Montreal  and Lisbon,   on the Polar and North  Pacific  routes,   and  across
the  South  Pacific  between  Vancouver and Honolulu,
C.P.A,   inaugurated its first overseas route to Australia in
July,   1949.     During the flight,   both the Equator and the  international
Dateline are crossed.     Stops are made en route at Honolulu,   Fiji,   and
On the Orient  run,  which was  inaugurated,   September,   1949,
Britannias head westward via the Aleutians and  cross the International
Dateline to   cover nearly 5,000 miles before  touching down at Tokyo,   and
another  2,000  reach Hong Kongc
In October,  1953,   service between Vancouver,  Mexico   City and
Lima,  Peru,   began.  This linked  up with the North pacific  service to
provide a one-carrier flight   from Hong Kong to South America,     Permission
was received in May,   1956,   from Argentina to  extend this route into
Buenos Aires fisom Lima,   and in September,   1957,   a  service  connecting
Lima,   Santiago,  Chile and Buenos Aires was inaugurated.
In June,   1955,   in the face of widespread scepticism,   C.P,A.
took what  some writers termed a  "million dollar gamble" by pioneering
a Polar Route between Vancouver and Amsterdam,   Holland,  However,,6,
because of the  routeTs popularity,   it now includes a regular traffic
stop at Edmonton whereby the Airline  taps the vast passenger potential
of the Prairie Provinces.     The Polar flights from Vancouver are  linked
directly with the  S0uth Pacific   service,   to form one  of  the  longest
airline  routes in the world.
For the  convenience   of Victoria-bound passengers,   C.P.A.
inaugurated direct air service from Honolulu to Victoria  on January  2,
I960,     However,  runway restrictions prevent the Airline from picking up
Hawaii-bound passengers in the B.C#   capital.
On March  4,   the Airline will  extend  service from Lisbon
to Rome  to  establish the  first  Canadian air  link to  the Eternal City,
This extension of the Company!s  route pattern to Rome has  significance
as a  decisive  stop towards a  round-the-world  service,     ^resident
McConachie has indicated that the Airline  is definitely interested in
linking ^ome,  Bangkok and Hong Kong.     Canadian Air Transport Minister,
George  ^ees,   has stated that  Canada s air agreement with Italy
"represents an excellent basis for ultimate  expansion of  service around
the world" by C,P„A#
To handle the  operation of those  extensive  services,
Canadian ^acific has  established  its headquarters at Vancouver International Airport in the former Boeing Aircraft Company  s hangar and
buildings which   C,P.Af   purchased from the War Assets Corporation.    As
a part  of the  Company1s $20^000,000 Bristol Britannia  expansion program, 1
headquarters facilities have been  expanded to include a $1,400,000
hangar,   largest  of its kind in Canadian civil aviation,   to house and
"service turbine-powered transports,    A new,  modern office building,
nerve  centre  for the Airline's domestic and overseas operations,  has
been  constructed on the  Sea Island   site.
The  executive,   administrative,  operational  and maintenance
work of the Company is  carried out  at Vancouver headquarters by a  staff
of  over 2,000 employees,,     A flight  simulator building has been  completed
to house both  a Britannia and DC-6B  simulator for  crew training,
Heading the  organization is GBW«   Grant McConachie,   President,,
who played a major  role in the  development  of north country  flying
during  the  1930 !s and  in 1945,  won the ivicKee Troph}^ for "Long and
Outstanding Service in the Field  of Aviation"   in Canada.
Executive officers include R,W*  Ryan,  Executive ^ice-
President,  who flew with the Royal Flying Gorps in World War I,   and
was a pioneer in Canadian  aviation on the Prairies;  H,B,  Renwick,
Vice-President,  Traffic;  R.B«   Phillips,  Vice-President,  Administration;
and H.D0   Cameron,   General Manager  of Operations.
Public Relations,
(January,  I960), Canadian Pacific Airlines,
Vancouver,   B^C,


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