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Uniform code of operating rules, no: one Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1950

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 Y~\
UNIFORM CODE OF  OPERATING RULES
NO:  ONE ■0
~
UNIFORM CODE OF OPERATING RULES NO. 1
A. FOCUS
B. BLANK
1. CANADIAN PACIFIC PRESENTS
THROUGH THE MEDIA OF SIGHT AND SOUND, THE CANADIAN PACIFIC
RAILWAY PRESENTS
2. UNIFORM CODE OF OPERATING RULES
THE UNIFORM CODE OF OPERATING RULES, A3  IT IS APPLIED OVER
ITS SYSTEM.
3J  UiO.O.R. No. 1
THIS IS THE FIRST IN A SERIES OF FILMSTRIPS EXPLAINING THE
APPLICATION OF THE OPERATING RULES.
4. QUESTION..
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF A COMBINATION OF SEEING AND HEARING AS A
TRAINING METHOD HAS BEEN PROVEN.   IT HAS ALSO BEEN DEMONSTRATED
THAT THE QUESTION AND ANSWER METHOD OF EMPHASIZING CERTAIN POINTS
IS MOST EFFECTIVE.   EACH OF TIIESd TECHNIQUES WILL BE  APPLIED
TO THIS PHASE OF RAILROAD TRAINING, WE HOPE THEY HaVE THE
DESIRED EFFECT.
5. RULES 7 12 103 111
WHAT WE .vILL DEaL WITH TODAY ARE RULES 7, 12, 103 and 111.   IN
THE MAIN THESE RULES ARE NOT DIFFICULT, BUT PaRTS OF THEM MAY
REQUIRE CLARIFICATION.
6. RULE 7
RULE 7 READS: EMPLOYEES WHOSE DUTIES RE^UIR^ THEM TO GIVE
SIGNALS MUST HAVE THE PROPER APPLIANCES, KEEP THEM IN GOOD
ORDER AND READY FOR IMMEDIATE USE. o
7. TRAINMAN'S LAMP FOa GIVING SIGNALS
LETS VIEW A FEW OF THE APPLIANCES EMPLOYEES USE, THAT MUST BE
KEPT IN GOOD ORDER AND READY FOR IMMEDIATE USE.
THIS IS A KEROSENE TYPE LAMP USED TO GIVE HAND SIGNALS.
8. TAaINMAN WITH LANTERN APART CLEANING GLOBE
TO BE IN GOOD ORDER, THE LANTERN GLOBE MUST BE CLEAN.
9. TRaINMaN TRIMMING WICK
the wick evenly trimmed.
10. filling lamp with kerosene
and the lamp filled with kerosene
11. lighting lamp: box of matches
if the tour of duty commences during the night or when night
signals must se used, the lantern must be lighted before
commencing work.
12. lamp on cab floor
and to be ready for immediate use it must be kept lighted
throughout the tour of duty.
13. ELECTRIC LANTERNS FOR HaND SIGNALS
electric lantetns are also authorised for use by train and
yard service employees.
14. ELECTRIC LaID? WITH TOP OFF
THE INSIDE OF THE CAP, HERE SHOWN REMOVED FROM THE LANTERN HaS
CLIPS THAT HOLD TWO SPARE BULBS.
15*  LANTERN aND SPARE BATTERY
BATTERIES ARE AVAILABLE AT YARD OFFICES ON REQUEST.
o o
o
3.
16. PICTURE OF oLIDE WITH "RULE 12"
CONVEYING INFORMATION BY HAND SIGNaLS SHOULD BE A METTER OF
MAJOR CONCERN BY MSN IN TRAIN AE'D  YARD SERVICE.   RULE 12
DEALS WITH HAND SIGNALS.
17. VANCOUVER.YARD;. WORDS: SWITCHING SUPERIMPOSED
AN IMPORTANT PART OF HAliiWAY OPERATIONS IS BUILDING AND
DISMANTLING TRAINS.   CARS MUST BE PLACED FOR LOADING.   LOADS
LIFTED, CARS ADDED TO AND TAKEN OFF TRAINS ENROUTE.   THESE
ACTIVITIES, INCIDENTAL TO ACTUAL TRAIN OPERATION, ARE TERMED
SWITCHING.
18. GIVING PROCEED SIGNAL
SWITCHING MOVEMENTS aRE ALMOST ENTIRELY CONTROLLED BY HAND
SIGNALS, BUT RADIO MaY BE  USED IN LIEU OF HAND SIGNALS.
19. STOP HAND SIGNAL
TO GIVE A STOP SIGNaL, THE HaND OR LaMP IS SWUNG AT RIGHT
ANGLES TO THE TRACK.
20. REDUCE SPEED SIGNAL
FOR A REDUCE SPEED SIGNAL, THE HAND OR LAMP IS HELD HORIZONTALLY
AT ARMS LENGTH.
21. PROCEED SIGNAL
FOR A PROCEED SIGNAL, THE HaND OR LAMP IS RAISED AND LOWERED
vertically.
22. back up signal
to back up, the hand or lamp is swung vertically in a circle
at right angles to the track.
23. apply air brakes
the hand or lantern raised and swung horizontally above the
HEAD lb A SIGNAL TO APPLY AIR BRAKES ON A STANDING TRaIN. c
4.
24. RELEASE AIR BRAKES
TO HiiVE THE ENGINEMAN RELEASE THE AIR BRAKES THE HAND OR LAMP
IS RAISED AND HELD, AT ARMS LENGTH ABOVE THE HEAD.
25. OBJECT WAVED VIOLENTLY
ANY OBJECT WAVED VIOLENTLY BY ANY ONE ON OR NEAR THE TRACK IS
A SIGNAL TO STOP.
26. SIGNALS FROM TOP OF FIRST BOA CaR
SIGNALS MUST BE  GIVEN FROM A POINT WHERE THEY CaN BE PLAINLY
SEEN AND IN SUCH A MANNER THAT THEY CANNOT BE MISUNDERSTOOD.
IF THERE IS DOUBT AS TO THE MEANING OF A SIGNAL OR FOR WHOM
IT IS INTENDED, IT MUST BE REGARDED AS a STOP SIGNAL.
271  ON SIDE OF, TANK CAR
' 11 T   -Hi  ■ *  i^i. dm* 1 mm 1I1 n» i ■    11 ,i.l,
HAND SIGNALS MUST BE GIVEN UNDER MANY DIFFERENT CONDITIONS.
IN DAYTIME, MOVEMENT OF THE HAND OR aHM DOES THE JOB.   AT
NIGHT, ONLY A LIGHT IN a SWITCHMAN'S HAM) CAN BE SEEN.   THEY
ARE GIVEN FROM MANY LOCATIONS, INCLUDING THE TOP OR SIDE OF
CARS.   IT IS OFTEN NECESSARY TO GIVE HAND SIGNALS IN ADVERSE
WEATHER, AND WHILE STANDING IN SHADOW AREAS.   TRAINMEN AND
YARDMEN SHOULD REMEMBER THAT THEY ARE THE EYES OF THE ENGINE-
MaN IN MANY CaSES, AND should govern themselves ACCORDINGLY.
28.  SIGNALS RELAYED TO ENGINEMAN DIAGRAM
WHEN SWITCHING IS BEING PERFORMED EITHER IN ROAD OR YaRD
OPERATIONS, SIGNALS SHOULD BE  GIVEN OR RELAYED DIRECTLY TO THE
ENGINEMAN.   CONDUCTORS AND Y^RD FOREMEN ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR
SEEING THAT WORK IS SO ORGANIZED ^ND TRAINMEN aND YARDMEN ARE
IN PROPER POSITION TO GIVE OR RELAY SUCH SIGNALS ACCORDINGLY.
RULE 12 RECOGNIZES THE NECESSITY OF SIGNaLS GOVERNING SWITCHING MOVEMENTS EITHER IN ROAD OR YARD OPERATIONS BEING GIVEN
OR RELAYED DIRECTLY TO THE ENGINEMaN TO AVOID ANY POSSIBILITY o
OF MISUNDERSTANDING aS TO THE MEANING OF SUCH SIGNAL, OR FOR
WHOM IT IS INTENDED.   YOU WILL NOTICE IN THIS CASE IT IS
NECESSARY FOR A MaN TO BE ON TOI- OF A CAR TO BE IN POSITION
TO RELAY SIGNALS DIRECTLY TO THE ENGINEMAN.
29. SIGNALS FROM SIDE OF CAR
WHEN CARS ARE BEING PUSHED BY AN ENGINE, UNDER CONTROL OF
HAND SIGNALS The DISAPPEARANCE from view of tee member of tile
CREW OR THE LIGHTS BY WHICH SIGNALS CONTROLLING THE MOVEMENT
ARE BEING GIVEN MUST BE REGARDED AS A STOP SIGNAL.   TRAINMEN
' and yardmen mjst stand or ride in a posit on where they a ill
BE IN CONSTANT VIEW OF THE ENGINEMAN OR IN VIEW OF THE
EMPLOYEE RELAYING GIGNaLS TO THE ENGINEMAN.
30. MAN OUT OF SIGHT
SHOULD THE MEMBER OF THE CREW DISAPPEAR FROM VIE,. THE PROVISION THAT THE MOVEMENT STOP IMMEDIATELY lb FOR HIS PROTECTION AS WELL ad THAT OF THE EQUIPMENT.
31. ENGINb RADIO UNIT
LETb DEAL BRIEFLY WITH TILE USE OF TRAIN RADIO IN SWITCHING
OPERATIONS.   THE LaRG^ MOBILE TRAIN RADIO IN THE ENGINE CAB,
IS DESIGNED SO THAT THE ENGINEMAN CAN TALK OR LISTEN BY
MEANS OF A TELEPHONE TYPE HANDSET, OR MAY RECEIVE VOICE
INSTRUCTIONS FROM A BUILT IN LOUDSPEAKER.
32. POETEBLE uNIT IN RaCK
THE TRAINMEN'S PORTABLE RaDIOo .MLL BE STORED IN A SHOCK
reblstant mounting rack, located in the engine cab and in ths
Caboose.
o 37.
6.
o
33. CLOSSUP OF RADIO
THE PORTABLE UNIT IS CARRIED OVER THE SHOULDER, SENDING AND
RECEIVING IS ACCOMPLISHED BY MEANS OF TIM MICROPHONE CR
TELEPHONE TYPE HaNDSET.   DETAILED INSTRUCTIONS IN THE USE
OF TRAIN RADIOS ARE FOUND IN FORM C3.44 AND SPbCIAL
INSTRUCTIONS.
34. QUESTION
OUR FIRST QUESTION, CAN RADIO BE UbED EXCLUoIWELY TO PERFORM
SWITCHING?
35. TRAINMAN USING RaDIO
YES IT CAN IF USED IN THE PRESCRIBED MANNER.   TO ILLUSTRATE
LET'S FIRST EXAMINE FOURTH PARAGRAPH 02' RUL^ 12*   IT RbADS:
"IN THE EVENT OF FAILURE OF RADIO EQUIPMENT, OR COMMUNICATION
lb INTSRUPTED DURING SWITCHING OPERATIONS, THE MOVEMENT MUST
BE STOPPED AT ONCE AND NO FURTHER MOVEMENT MADE, EXCEPT AS
AUTHORIZED BY HaND SIGNALS, OR UNTIL RaDIO COMMUNICATION
RESTORED.   INSTRUCTIONS IN FORM CS.44 TELL US THaT BOTH THE
DIRECTION AND DISTANCE OF MOVEMENT MUST BE GIVEN.   THE
ENGINEMAN WILL MOVE TIL, APPROXIMATE DISTANCE AND THEN STOP
UNLESS HE RECEIVES FURTHER INSTRUCTIONS.
THE RaDIO CONVERSATION SHOULD FOLLOW' THIS PROCEDURE:
TRaINMAN:   TRaINMaN SMITH CN CP EXTRA 8921 EAbT CALLING CP
ENGINE 8921, OVER	
36. ENGINE RADIO
ENGINEMAN:  O.K. SMITH, THIb lb CP ENGINE 8921, OVER
PORTABLE UNIT
TRAINMAN:   CP ENGINE 8921, BACK UP WESTWARD TEN CAR LENGTHS,
OVER 7.
7A
ENGINE RADIO
ENGINEMAN:  BaCK UP WESTWARD TEN CAR LENGTHS, OVER
BEFORE THE ENGINEMAN MOVES TEN CAR LENGTHS, THE TRAINMAN MUST
GIVE FURTHER INSTRUCTIONS.
39.   PORTABLE RADIO
TRAINMAN:   CP ENGINE 8921, FOUR CAR LENGTHS TO GO, OVER	
40:        ENGINE RADIO
ENGINMAN:   FOUR CAR LENGTHS TO GO, OVER
THE ENGINEMAN WILL CONTINUE TO BACK UP ADJUSTING HIS SPEED
ACCORDINGLY, AND BEFORE TIL, MOVEMENT TRAVELS THE FOUR CAR
LENGTHS
41. PORTABLE RADIO
TRaINMaN:   CP ENGINE 8921 BACK UP SLOWLY, T^G CaR LaNGTKS TO
GO OVER....
42. ENGINE RADIO
ENGINEMAN:  BACK UP SLOWLY, TWO CAR LENGTHb TO GO, OVER	
AS INSTRUCTED TIL, ENGINEMAN ADJUSTS HIS SPE..D AND CONTINUES
TO BACK UP SLOWLY TWO CAR LENGTHS.
43. PORTABLE, RADIO
TRAINMAN:   STOP CP ENGINE 8921, OVER
44. ENGINE RADIO
ENGINEMAN:  O.K. SMITH ENGINE 8921 STOP, OVER
THE ENGINEMAN APPLIES THE BRAKE AND STOPS AT ONCE.
45. PORTABLE RaDIO
TRAINMAN:   THAT COMPLETES OUR SWITCHING CP ENGINE 8921, I
WILL NOW WALK TOWARD THE ENGINE, OVER AND OUT.
46.   'QUESTION
9
MUST aN EMPLOYEE TALK CONTINUOUSLY TO MAINTAIN RADIO CONTACT? 8..
47. FORM CS.44
NOT AFTER PROPER CONTaCT AND IDENTIFICATION HaVE BE.iN MADE.
FORM CS.44 PROVIDE  THAT THE BENDER MUST FIRST IDENTIFY HIMSELF AND ESTABLISH CONTACT WITH THE PROPER ENGINE, THEN GIVE
SPECIFIC INSTRUCTIONS TO THE ENGINEMAN REGARDING THE DIRECTION
AND DISTANCE TO TRAVEL.   AFTER THE ENGINEMAN CARRIES OUT THE
INSTRUCTIONS BY MOVING THIS DISTANCE IN THE DIRECTION INDICATED, HE MUST RECEIVE FURTHER INSTRUCTIONS OR STOP THE MOVEMENT.
48. LAST P:\RAGRAPH OF RULE 12
MISUNDERSTANDING HAS SURROUNDED THE LAST PARAGRAPH OF RULE 12*
IT READS "CREWS OF TRAINS OR ENGINES CLEAR OF MAIN TRaCK
MUST NOT GIVE A PROCEED SIGNAL TO AN APPROACHING TRAIN OR
ENGINE."
49. RULE QUOTED: ENLARGED WORDING "CLEaR OF MAIN TRACK"
THE KEY WORDS IN THIs RULE ARE "CLEAR OF MAIN TRACK".   LETS
SEE IF WE CAN GET AT THE EXACT MEANING OF WHAT IS IMPLIED
HERE.
50. TRAIN IN SIDING TRAIN APPROACHING
NOTE THE TRAIN IN THE SIDING, CLEAR OF THE MAIN TRACK, AND
THE OPPOSING TRAIN APPROACHING ON THE MAIN TRACK.
51. TRAIN IN SIDING- WITH OPPOSING TRaIN CLOSER TO SWITCH
THE TRAINMaN OF THE STANDING TRAIN HAS CHECKED THE SWITCH,
AND IS STANDING ON THE OPPOSITE SIDE OF THE TRACK.  VISIBILITY
IS GOOD, THE TRaCK IS STRAIGHT aND THERE APPEARS TO BE NO
REASON WHY A PROCEED SIGNAL WILL DO ANY HARM.
52. QUESTION
WHAT IS THE DANGER HERE IN GIVING a PROCEED SIGNAL?
Q o
o
9«
53, CURVATURE TRAIN  IN SIDING  TRAIN APPROACHING
ANSWER:     TO  ILLUSTRATE THE DANGER OF A PROCEED  SIGNAL WHEN THE
STANDING  TRAIN  IS  CLEAR  OF  THE MAIN TRACK,   LETS
ASSUME  WEATHER OR  OTHER  CONDITIONS  OBSCURE THE
OTHER END OF  THS  SIDING,   AS  CURVATURE DOES  IN THIS
DIAGRAM.        ONCE AGAIN THE  SWITCH HAS  BEEN CHECKED
AND THE TRAINMAN  IS STANDING  IN POSITION TO  INSPECT
THE TRAIN AS   IT PASSES.        HE  CAN SEE NO REASON  WHY
HE  SHOULD NOT  REASSURE THE APPROACHING,   SO  HE  GIVES
A PROCEED  SIGNAL TO   INDICATE HIS TRAIN  IS  CLEAR.
54. SHORT  TRAIN ENTERING  SIDING
BUT  LOOK  WHAT   IS  TAKING PLACE AT  THE OTHER END OF  THE  SIDING.
THIS TRAINMAN IS NOT  IN A POSITION TO  KNOW  WHAT TRAINS ARE
FOLLOWING,   OR WHAT  TRAIN ORDERS  OTHER TRAINS  HOLD.        A PROCEED  SIGNAL  IN THY,  CASE  CAN  BE MISLEADING AND A MISHAP
COULD RESULT.
55*       TRAIN ON MAIN TRACK - TRAIN ENTERING  SIDING
-^ -^ .ni i .u.ii r. T ii ifi,iMii-i....i» un" i  ■ in  in  i i > i i .ii  I,. win- ii rim'i m ■'■■»■'■ i     ii '»""   '•
NOW LETS LOOK AT  THIS  ONE.        THE  STANDING TRAIN  IS  ON THE
MAIN TRACK.        THE  TRAINMAN HAS  LINED  THE  SWITCH,   AND  IS  ON
THE  GROUND  IN POSITION TO  INSPECT  THE  OTHER  SIDE  OF THE
APPROACHING TRAIN.       A PROCEED SIGNAL BY THE TRAINMAN  IS NOT
PROHIBITED  IN THIS  CASS.
56. QUESTION
WHY  IS A PROCEED  SIGNAL PERMITTED  WHEN THE STANDING  TRAIN  IS
ON THE MAIN TRACK?
57. REPEAT PICTURE  54
THE  RULE PERMITS A PROCEED  SIGNAL  IN THESE  CIRCUMSTANCES
BECAUSE OTHER RULES HAVE A  BEaRING  ON THE OPERATION.        IN THE
FIRST PLACE,   RULE  104 PROVIDES  FOE  THE TRaINMAN OF  THE o
10.
STANDING TRAIN TO LINE THE SWITCH FOR THE APPROACHING TRAIN,
WHICH PROTECTS ANYTHING ON THE MAIN TRACK.   SECONDLY, ANY
MOVEMENT IN A SIDING IS GOVERNED BY RULE 105.   BOTH TRAINS
TAKING OPPOSITE ENDS OF THE SIDING AS THEY ARE DOING IN THIS
CASE ARE AT RESTRICTED SPEED.   PERHAPS THE MOST IMPORTANT
PRINCIPLE INVOLVED WHEN GIVING HAND SIGNALS IS THAT EACH
MEMBER OF A CREW IS RESPONSIBLE FOR HIS OWN TRAIN.   BECAUSE
HE MIGHT MISLEAD ANOTHER CREW, HE MUST NOT IN ORDINARY CIRCUMSTANCES, GIVE PROCEED SIGNALS TO, OR TAKE OTHER ACTION THAT
WILL AFFECT ANOTHER MOVEMENT UNLESS HIS OWN TRAIN IS IN SOME
WAY INVOLVED.   ENGINEMEN OF TRAINS APPROACHING A SIDING UNDER
THESE CIRCUMSTANCES aRE WARNED TO BE PARTICULARLY CAREFUL.-
WHEN THEY ACCEPT A PROCEED SIGNAL FROM A TRAINMAN, MAKE SURE
THE SWITCH IS LINED TO TAKE THEM INTO THE SIDING, AND RESTRICTED SPEED APPLIED THE MOMENT THEY LEAVE THE MAIN TRACK.
58. RULE 103
RULE 105 DEALS WITH THE PROBLEM MOST COMMONLY REFERRED TO AS
PUSHING BLIND AS WELL AS MOVEMENTS OVER PUBLIC HIGHWAY
CROSSINGS AT GRADE.   PUSHING BLIND DURING SWITCHING
OPERATIONS CAUSES DABiAGE AND PERSONAL INJURY EACH YEAR THAT
CAN BE AVOIDED WITH A LITTLE THOUGHT AND GOOD JUDGEMENT.
59. BLIND DRIVER
YOU WOULD NOT DRIVE YOUR AUTOMOBILE WITH A BLINDFOLD ON NOR
WALK IN THE DARK WITHOUT A LIGHT.
60. SIDESWIPED CARS ON LEAD
YET SO OFTEN CREWS WILL PUSH CARS WITHOUT A MAN ON THE
LEADING END, IN THIS SAME BLIND CONDITION;  THIS ILLUSTRATES
WHAT HAPPENS WHEN CARS ARE PUSHED BLIND.   THE CREW ON THE :
ii.
LEFT PAID NO ATTENTION TO WHAT WAS TAKING PLACE ON THE
ADJACENT TRaCK NCR WERE THEY CONCERNED uTTH HOW PAR THEY
WERE PUSHING CARS ON THEIR OM TRACK.   THE RULE READS	
WHEN CARd ARE PUSHED BY AN .ENGINE, EXCEPT <HEN SWITCHING OR
MAKING UP TRAINS IN YARDS, AND EVEN THEL WHEN CONDITIONS
REQUIRE, A MEMBER OF TILE CREW MUST BE ON THE LEADING CaR
IN POSITION FROM WHICH SIGNaLS NECESSARY TO THE MOVEMENT CaN
BE PROPERLY GIVEN.
61. SWITCH CREW
TO SEE IF WE CAN ILLUSTRATE THIS RULE FURTHER, LETS TAKE A
LOCK AT THIS CREW SWITCHING IN A YARD.
62. YARD DROPPING CARS
ALL CAR;; IN THESE TRACKS HAVE BEEN CHECKED AND ARE SECURED
IN SUCH A MANNER THEY WILL NOT RUN OUT.   IN THE PROCESS OF
MAKING UP A TRAIN, THIS CREW HAS JUST KICKED TWO CARS INTO
THE UPPER TRACK.   THESE CARS WILL COUPLE TO THREE ALREADY
THERE, AND IS A CaSE WHERE IF RELEASED AT NORMAL SPEED WILL
NOT REQUIRE A MAN ON THE LEADING CAR.
63. COUPLING TO CaRS ON LOWER TRACK
NOW- WE SEE THEM SHOVING THE STRING INTO THE LOWER TRACK.
THIS WILL BE A NORMAL COUPLING TO CUT OFF CARS AND LEaVE
THEM.   IT WILL NOT BE NECESSARY TO MOVE CaRS ALREADY THERE,
MORE THAN A CaR LENGTH, AND THERE IS AMPLE ROOM TO DO SO.
HERE AGAIN IT IS NOT NECESSARY TO HAVE A MaN ON THE LEADING
CiiR •
64. CARS INTO MIDDLE TRACK
HERE THE MOVE IS TO PUSH CARS INTO THE MIDDLE TRACK TO MAKE
ROOM FOR SEVERAL WHICH WILL BE LEFT IN THIS TRACK.   THE a
12.
COUPLING IS MADE AND THE PUSHING PROCESS BEGINS.   BUT BECAUSE
NONE OF THE CREW WERE IN POSITION TO KNOW EXACTLY *MAT THE
DISTANCE WAS TO THE END OF THE TRACK, THE MOVE WAS PUSHED
BLIND.
65. TRAIN ON LEAD
MEANWHILE, THE LEAD AT THE OTHER END IS BEING USED BY ANOTHER
MOVEMENT YARDING ITS TRAIN.   EVERYONE IS GIVING STOP SIGNALS
NOW, BUT ITS TOO LATE.   OBVIOUSLY, IP TPLEY HAD TAKEN TIME TO
PERMIT a MAN TO GET ON THE LEADING CAR, THIS WOULD NOT HAVE
HAPPENED.
66. GOOD JUDGEMENT
DOES IT NOT SEEM EVIDENT THAT IN THS PROCESS OF MAKING THESE
SWITCHING MOVES THERE IS ROOM FOR A GENEROUS APPLICATION OF
GOOD COMMON SENSE?
THIS" IS TRUE, NO MaTTER WHAT THE MOVE,. ARE, IF a MISHAP
OCCURS BECAUSE a MAN WAS NOT ON THE LEADING CaR, THE CREW
that Failed to have him there is always responsible.
67.  protected crossing (lights)
rule 103 also deals with public highway crossings at grade,
and what is involved from the standpoint of the railway
employee.  there are different kinds of automatic devices to
indicate the approach of train at public highway crossings
AT GRADE. '
68.   PROTECTED CROSSING  (GATES)
WHERE THESE ARE IN USE, OBEDIENCE TO THE WARNINGs CONVEYED BY
THE DEVICES WILL PROTECT THE MOTORIST.
o
69.   UNPROTECTED CROSSING
NOT ALL PUBLIC CROSSINGS AT GRADE ARE EQUIPPED WITH AUTOMATIC o
13.
DEVICES.
70. MAN ON TOP OF CAR APPROACHING CROSSING
WHEN CARS NOT HEaDED BY AN ENGINE ARE PASSING ALONG A PUBLIC
ROAD OR OVER A PUBLIC CROSSING AT GRaDE WHICH lb NOT ADEQUATELY PROTECTED BY GATES OR OTHERWISE-.
71. MaN on leading side ladder
A MEMBER OF THE CREW MUST BE  ON THE LEADING- CAR TO riARN
PERSONS STANDING ON OR CROSSING OR ABOUT TO CROSS THE TRACK.
NOTICE THE TRAINMAN HaS BEEN SHOWN IN TWO POSITIONS APPROACHING THE CROSSING, ON TOP OF THE LEADING CAR AND HANGING ON
THE LEADING SIDb LADDER, IN EITHER POSITION HE WOULD BE ABLE
TO WARN PERSONS AS REQUIRED.   THE TRAINMAN MUST ALSO BE IN
POSITION TO GIVE SIGNALS DIRECTLY TO OR HAVE HIS SIGNALS
RELAYED DIRECTLY TO THE ENGINEMAN, SO THaT THE MOVEMENT
APPROACHING AND PASTING OVER THE PUBLIC CROSSING IS PROPERLY
CONTROLLED.
72. CARS STANDING ON CROSSING
NO PART OF A CAR OR ENGINE MAY BE ALLOWED TO OCCUPY ANY PART
OF A PUBLIC CROSSING AT GRADE FOR LONGER THAN FIVE MINUTES
AND A PUBLIC CRObbING AT GRADE MUST NOT BE OBSTRUCTED BY
SWITCHING OPERATIONS FOR MORE THAN FIVE MINUTES AT A TIME.
73 •   STANDING- TRAIN IN SIDING
THE RULE APPLIES TO CARS OR ENGINES ON ANY TRACK, BUT ONLY
STANDING TRAINS OR CARS ARE AFFECTED, SUCH AS A TRAIN STANDING
IN THE SIDING.
74,  TRAIN MOVING OVER CROSSING
BUT SHOULD A TRAIN BE MOVING AND ITS LENGTH AND SPEED RESULT
IN OCCUPANCY OF THE PUBLIC CROSSING FOR MORE THAN FIVE MINUTES o
o
14.
THE INTENT OF THE RULE IS NOT VIOLATED AS LONG AS THE TRAIN IS
IN MOTION.
75. SWITCHING OVER CROSSING
THE INTANT OF THE RULE IS THAT CARS OR ENGINES WHETHER
STANDING OR SWITCHING MUST CLEAR THE CROSSING TO PERMIT HIGHWAY TRAFFIC THAT HAS BEEN DELAYED FIVE MINUTES TO PROCEED.
IF TRAFFIC IS NOT BEING DELAYED IT IS NOT NECESSARY TO CUT
THE CROSSING.   THIS CREW MAKING SWITCHING MOVEMENTS OVER
THE CROSSING HAS DELAYED THE TRAFFIC FIVE MINUTES
76. CARS PULLED CLEAR OF CROSSING
SO THEY CLEAR THE CROSSING AND HIGHWAY TRAFFIC IS PERMITTED
TO PROCEED.
77•   MAIN TRACK OCCUPIED CROSSING
WHEN NECESSARY TO CUT TRAINS AT PUBLIC CROSSINGS AT GRADE,
EXCEPT WHEN A MEMBER OF THE CREW IS PROTECTING THE CROSSING,
OR WHEN OTHER PROTECTION IS PROVIDED, CaRS OR ENGINES MUST
NOT BE LEFT STANDING WITHIN 100 FEET CLEAR OF THE TRAVELLED
PORTION OF THE PUBLIC ROAD.   THIS DIAGRAM SHOWS A TRAIN
PROPERLY CUT ON THE MAIN TRaCK.
78. .TRAIN IN SIDING
THE RULE ALSO APPLIES TO TRAINS STANDING ON TRACKS ADJACENT
TO THE MAIN TRACK.   HERE WE SEE A TRaIN IN THE SIDING.
BECAUSE IT IS A TRAIN, CARS ARE LEFT 100 FEET CLEAR OF THE
CROSSING.
79. QUESTION
WHY COULD THIS RULE NOT READ:  WHEN NECESSARY TO CUT CARS,
INSTEAD OF WHEN NECESSARY TO CUT TRAINS. o
15.
80. CARS SPOTTED LESS THAN 100 FEET
THERE ARE A GREAT MANY LOCATIONS ON BaCK TRACKS, INDUSTRIAL
SPURS ETC,, WHERE THERE Is NOT ROOM FOR THE 100 FOOT DISTANCE
BETWEEN CaRS AND A PUBLIC CROSSING.   THESE LOCATIONS, IF
CONDITIONS WARRANT, ARE TAKEN CaRE OF BY SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS.
LOOK CLOSELY AT THIS PLAN OF TRACKS TO GET THE SIGNIFICANCE
OF THE WORD "TRAINS" IN THE RULE.   THE THREE CARS SPOTTED
TO THE LEFT OF THE HIGHWAY CROSSING ARE LESS THAN TILE REQUIRED
100 FEET, BUT BECAUSE THEY ARE NOT a PART OF A TRaIN THE
RULE DOES NOT APPLY TO THEM.
81. CARS IN SIDING LESS THAN 100 FEET
NOW NOTICE THE CARS THAT HAVE BEEN SET OUT IN THE SIDING.
NEITHER ARE THESE CARS A PART OF A TRAIN, AND THE ONE
HUNDRED FEET CLEAR REQUIREMENT DOES NOT APPLY TO THEM FOR
THE SAME REASON.
82. REPEAT TRAIN AND AUTO APPROACHING CROSSING
A SITUATION LIKE THIS WILL NOT GIVE THE MOTORIST MUCH OF A
CHANCE.   LETS TAKE A CLOSER LOOK AT IT.
83. REPEAT: CLOSEUP
NOTICE HOW THE MOTORISTS VIEW OF THE APPROACHING TRAIN ON THE
MAIN TRACK IS OBSTRUCTED BY THb CARS IN THE SIDING.
84. SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS
THIS IS A PLACE FOR SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS.  TIME TABLE FOOTNOTES MUST PROVIDE	
85. CARS IN SIDING 100 FEET
THAT CARS LEFT IN THE SIDING AT THIS POINT MUST NOT STAND
CLOSER THAN 100 FEET FROM THE TRAVELLED PORTION OF THE PUBLIC
CROSSING. o
86. REPEAT: CLOSEUP OF CARS 100 FEET CLEAR
HERE WE SEE THE CARS PROPERLY PLACED IN ACCORDANCE WITH TILE
TIME TABLE INSTRUCTIONS,   NOTE THE IMPROVED VIEW FROM THE
HIGHWAY.
87. CHANGE RECORD
o - 17 -
• SIDE TWO      UNIFORM CODE OF OPERATING RULES NO.1
88. ENGINEMAN SOUNDING WHISTLE
OF MAJOR IMPORTANCE WHERE HIGHWAY CROSSINGS ARE CONCERNED
IS THE ENGINE WHISTLE AND BELL.
89. DIAGRAM:  TRAIN ONE QUARTER MILE
RULE 14L PROVIDES, THAT SOUNDING OF THE WHISTLE AND BELL MUST
COMMENCE AT LEAST ONE QUARTER OF A MILE FROM THE CROSSING.
90. CLOSER TO CROSSING
THE BfHISTLE MUST BE PROLONGED OR REPEATED ACCORDING TO THE
SPEED OF THE TRAIN UNTIL THE CROSSING IS OCCUPIED BY THE
ENGINE OR CARS.
91. OCCUHLNG CROSSING
NO COMMENT
(HOLD FOR COMPLETION OF WHISTLE.
92. CROSSING MISHAP
FORM CS.44 PROVIDES THAT IN THE EVENT OF PUBLIC CROSSING
MISHAP THE ENGINE BELL SHOULD BE KEPT RINGING AFTER THE
TRAIN OR ENGINE HAS STOPPED, UNTIL THE ATTENTION OF THE
DRIVER AND ANY OCCUPANTS OF THE VEHICLE HAVE BEEN DRAM TO
THE FACT THAT THE ENGINE BELL HAD BEEN RINGING.  ATTENTION
SHOULD ALSO BE DRAWN TO THE FACT THAT THE HEADLIGHT IS
BURNING BRIGHTLY AND THE GYRA LIGHT IF THE ENGINE IS SO
EQUIPPED IS FUNCTIONING.
93. STATEMENTS OF WITNESSES
OTHER INFORMATION RELATIVE TO THE MISHAP, DETAILS OF WHICH
ARE OUTLINED IN CS. 44, SHOULD BE OBTAINED FROM THE DRIVER
OF THE VEHICLE, AS 'WELL AS OUTSIDE WITNESSES. 18.
2d
94. SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS
WHERE SPECIaK INSTRUCTIONS REQUIRE THAT SWITCHING MOVEMENTS
OVER CERTAIN PUBLIC CROSSINGS AT GRADE BE PROTECTED BY A
MEMBER OF THE CREW	
95. TRAINMaN ON CROSSING
SUCH PROTECTION MUST BE PROVIDED BY A MEMBER OF THE CREW
FROM A POINT ON THE GROUND AT THE CROSSING UNTIL THE
CROSSING IS FULLY OCCUPIED.
96. TRAIN APPROACHING AUTOMATIC GATES
WHEN A TRAIN OR ENGINE PASSES OVER A PUBLIC CROSSING AT
GRADE PROTECTED BY AUTOMATIC SIGNALS OR AUTOMATIC GATES,
IT WILL BE NECESSARY BEFORE MAKING A REVERSE MOVEMENT OVER
THE CROSSING FOR A MEMBER OF THE CREW TO PROTECT THE SaME.
97. .  DIaGRAM OF TRAIN APPROACHING CROSSING
HERE IN DIAGRAM FORM THE TRAIN IS APPROACHING, AND THE
AUTOMATIC DEVICES ARE IN OPERATION.
TRAIN STOPPED
THE TRaIN HAS STOPPED AT THE STATION, AND MUST NOW MAKE
A BaCK UP MOVEMENT.
98. PROTECTING REVERSE MOVEMENT
HERE A MEMBER OF THE CREW IS PROTECTING THE CROSSING AS
REQUIRED BY THE RULE.   ALL TRAFFIC IS STOPPED BEFORE THE
REVERSE MOVEMENT IS MADE.   NOTICE THE AUTOMATIC GATES ARE
NOT OPERATING.
99. QUESTION:
WHY DO THE AUTOMATIC GATES NOT OPERATE ONCE THE CROSSING
HAS BEEN CLEARED?
: 19.
#
100.    PASSES 2000 FOOT MARK
WEEN A TRAIN PASSES a point from which it will take twenty
SECONDS TO REACH THE CROSSING, (LETS ASSUME IN THIS CASE
THAT DISTANCE IS 2000 FEET).
101. DEVICES COMMENCE TO QPERaTE
THE WARNING DEVICES COMMENCE TO OPERATE.
102. TRaIN CLEAR OF CROSSING
AS SOON AS IT CLEaRS THE CROSSING, THE WARNING DEVICES
CEASE TO OPERATE.   THEY CANNOT BE REACTIVATED UNLESS A
MOVEMENT PASSES THE 2000 FOOT MARK MOVING IN THE DIRECTION
OF THE CROSSING.   IN THE ILLUSTRATION SHOWN, THE TRAIN
WOULD HaVE TO CLEaR THE 2000 FOOT MARK TO THE RIGHT OF THE
DIAGRAM, Q AND THEN MAKE A REVERSE MOVEMENT TO ACTIVATE
THE CROSSING SIGNALS.
103. VIEW FROM gNGINEMANS SIDE
NOW LETS FOR BACK TO SWITCHING OPERATIONS.   HERE A
SWITCHING MOVEMENT IS ABOUT TO GO OVER A HIGHWAY CROSSING
AT GRADE.   NOTICE THAT FROM HIS POSITION ON THIS ENGINE
THE ENGINEMAN CaN SEE THE APPROACH TO THE CROSSING FROM THE
RIGHT, BUT NOT FROM THE LEFT.   THE RULE PROVIDES BEFORE
MAKING SWITCHING MOVEMENTS OVER aN UNPROTECTED PUBLIC
CROSSING aT GRADE WHERE THE ENGINEMANS VIEW OF THE CROSSING
IS OBSTRUCTED	
104. MAN ON FRONT OF ENGINE
ARRANGEMENTS MUST BE MADE FOR A MEMBER OF THE CREW TO BE IN
POSITION TO OBSERVE THE CROSSING AND GIVE SIGNALS TO THE
ENGINEMAN AS NECESSARY,   HERE WE SEE THE MEMBER OF THE
CREW ON THE FRONT OF THE ENGINE. o
o
20.
105. MAN ON GROUND
AND HERE THE MEMBER OF THE CREW IS ON THE GROUND.
106. QUESTION
WOULD THE INTENT OF THE RULE BE FULFILLED IF A MEMBER OF
THE CREW WaS IN THE CAB OF THS ENGINE.
107. MAN  IN CAB LEFT SIDE
YES IT WOULD.  DO NOT CONFUSE THIS SITUATION WITH RULE 12.
WHILE THE OBJECT OF THE MOVE MAY, IN THE FINAL ANALYSIS
BE TO SET OUT, SPOT OR LIFT CARS, THIS PARTICULAR PaRT OF
IT ONLY HAS TO DO WITH THE SAFETY OF THE MOTORIST.   EACH
MEMBER OF THE CREW HAS HIS RESPONSIBILITY TO PROTECT THIS
BY THE MOST EFFECTIVE MEANS AVAILABLE AND THE METHOD USED
TO CONVEY NECESSARY INFORMATION TO THE ENGINEMAN IS NOT
IMPORTANT.   THE LOCATION OF THE MEMBER OF THE CREW IS
DETERMINED BY TWO MAIN CONSIDERATIONS...
108. STOPPING TRUCK
FIRST, HE MUST HaVE A CLEAR VIEW OF THE PORTION OF THE
CROSSING APPROACHES THaT ARE OUT OF VIEW OF THE ENGINEMAN.
109. SIGNALS TO ENGINEMAN
AND SECOND, HIS POSITION MUST BE SUCH THAT HE CAN GIVE
SIGNALS TO THE ENGINEMaN AS NECESSARY.   UNTIL THESE
REQUIREMENTS ARE MET, THE ENGINEMAN MUST NOT MOVE ONTO
THE CROSSING.
110. TRAIN IN SIDING APPROACHING CROSSING
THIS PUBLIC CROSSING IS EQUIPPED WITH AUTOMATIC SIGNALS.
OBSERVE THE TEaIN APPROACHING FROM THE RIGHT, BUT THE WARNING DEVICES ARE NOT WORKING BECAUSE A TRAIN IN A SIDING AT
THIS DISTANCE DOES NOT NORMALLY ACTIVATE THEM.   A MOTORIST o
o
21.
THEREFORE HAS ONLY VERY BRIEF WARNING OF THE APPROACHING
TRaIN.
111. CLOSEUP 100 FOOT DISTANCE
IN THESE CIRCUMSTANCES THE RULE REQUIRES THAT THE MOVEMENT
OVER SUCH CROSSINGS ON OTHER THAN THE MAIN TRACK MUST NOT,
UNLESS OTHERWISE PROVIDED EXCEED A SPEED OF TEN MILES PER
HOUR, FROM 100 FEET DISTANT, UNTIL THE ENGINE OR LEADING
CaR HAS PASSED OVER THE CROSSING.   NOTE THE MOTORIST AT
THE TOP OF THE DIaGRaM APPROACHING THE WARNING DEVICE THAT
IS NOT OPERATING.   REGULATIONS ARE, THaT WHERE THE SPEED
OF TRAINS IS RESTRICTED TO 10 MILES PER HOUR OR LESS,
MOTORISTS WILL RECEIVE AT LEAST A SEVEN SECOND WARNING.
WHEN a MOVEMENT APPROACHES THE CROSSING AT 10 MILES PER
HOUR THE CROSSING SIGNALS ARE WIRED IN SUCH A WAY THaT THE
MOTORIST WILL RECEIVE THE REQUIRED WaENING.
112. MAN AT BOX MARKED SWITCHES
AT PUBLIC CROSSINGS aT GRADE REFERRED TO IN THE TIME T^BLE
INSTRUCTIONS, WHERE PROTECTION DEVICES ARE REQUIRED TO BE
OPERaTED BY USE OF PUSH BUTTONS OR OTHER APPLIANCES, MOVEMENTS MUST NOT OBSTRUCT THE CROSSING UNTIL THE PROTECTION
DEVICES HaVE BEEN OPERATING FOR AT LEaST TWENTY SECONDS.
HERE THE IRaINMAN IS OPENING THE BOX MaRKED SWITCHES	
113. POINTING TO INSTRUCTIONS
INSTRUCTIONS VaRY WRITTtN INSTRUCTIONS aRE GENERALLY FOUND
inside the box; which button to press will depend on
'whether you wish to start or stop the operation of the
Warning devices. 22.
114. SHOWING SWITCHES
IN Tills BOX THE SWITCHES SIMPLY RAISE OR LOWER THE PROTECTIVE
uAaalo • « • •
115. GATES
AFTER PRESSING THE BUTTON, THE TRAINMAN WILL OBSERVE THaT THE
DEVICES ARE OPERATING.
116. WAIT TWENTY SECONDS
THEN WAIT TWENTY SECONDS BEFORE GIVING A SIGNAL TO MOVE OVER
THE CROSSING.
117. RULE 111 SUPERIMPOSED
RULE 111 IF DILIGENTLY FOLLOWED, WILL REsULT IN DETECTION OF
HOT BOXES AND OTHER MECHANICAL DEFECTS BEFORE SERIOUS CONSEQUENCES DEVELOP..   IT IS FOR THIS REASON THAT SO MUCH
IMPORTANCE IS ATTACHED TO A THOROUGH UNDERSTANDING OF THIS
RULE.
118. HANEY MISHAP
WHAT IS SHOWN HERE -tIS CaUSED BY AN OVERHEaTED JOURNAL WHICH
COLLaPSED.   IN MaNY CASES THESE AFFAIRS CAN BE AVOIDED BY A
PROPER JOB OF INSPECTION.   HAD AN EMPLOYEE OBSERVED THE
DEFECT aND GOT THE TRAIN STOPPED, Ha W0ULD HAVE SAVED THE
COMPaNY AN AMOUNT EQUAL TO HIS SALARY FOR SEVERAL YEaRS.
119. JOURNAL BOX - POINTING TO BOX
BECAUSE THE MECHANICAL STANDARD OF RAILROAD EQUIPMENT HAS
CHANGED IN RECENT YEARS, IT HAS BECOME MORE DIFFICULT TO
DETECT AN OVERHEATED JOURNAL REFERRED TO IN RAILROAD TERMS
AS A HOT BOX.   THIS IS A FICTION TYPE JOURNAL WHICH HAS
SERVED RAILROADS SINCE THEY FIRST OPERATED.   AN OVERHEATED
JOURNAL IP NOT PROMPTLY DETECTED WILL BURN' OFF, DROP THE OAR
O o
23.
TO THE GROUND, AND CAUSE A DERAILMENT SUCH AS YOU HaVa JUST
SEEN.
120. ROLLER BEARING CAR
THIS IS A ROLLER BEARING TYPE JOURNAL.  WHILE IT IS AN IMPROVEMENT OVER THE OLDER TYPE, HOT BOXES STILL DEVELOP, AND IT
REQUIRES THE SAME CLOSE ATTENTION.
121. MAINTENANCE OF WAY
RULE 111 READS, WHEN OTHER DUTIES WILL PERMIT EMPLOYEES IN THE
VICINITY OF PASSING TRaINS MUST OBSERVE THE CONDITION OF EQUIPMENT IN SUCH TRAINS.   APART FROM TRAIN SERVICE EMPLOYEES
THEMSELVES, PERHAPS MAINTENANCE OF WAY WMPLOYEES ARE MOST
)
FREQUENTLY CALLED UPON TO OBSERVE PASSING TRAINS.   HER
JZi ii.
FOREMAN HAS CORRECTLY PLACED HIS MEN SO THAT BOTH SIDES OF
THE PASSING TRAIN WILL BE INSPECTED.
122. STATION EMPLOYEE
STATION EMPLOYEES ARE ALSO FREQUENTLY AFFECTED, HERE AN
OPERATOR HAS TAKEN UP THE PROPER POSITION.
123. QUESTION
CAN THIS INSPECTION JOB BE DONE FROM INSIDE THE OFFICE?
124. STATION EMPLOYEE
NO. THE ONLY ACCEPTED POSITION IS ONE OUTSIDE OF THE STATION
BUILDING, USUALLY FROM THE STATION PLATFORM.
125. .TRAINMAN WATCHING TRAIN
THE RULE HaS EXTRA SIGNIFICANCE WHERE TRAINMEN ARE CONCERNED.
126. TRAINMAN ON REAR PLATFORM
THE RULE PROVIDES THAT TRAINMEN AT REAR OF MOVING TRAINS WILL
BE IN POSITION, ON REAR PLaTPORM WHERE PROVIDED.... o
24.
127. TRAIN IN SIDING
AND TRAINMEN OF STANDING TRAINS IN BEST POSSIBLE POSITION ON
THE GROUND FROM WHICH A VIE:; OF BOTH SIDES OF PASSING TRAIN
CAN BE OBTAINED.   BOTH TRAINMEN IN THIS DIAGRAM ARE MEMBERS
OF THE CREW OF THE TRAIN IN THE SIDING.   THE HEADEND TRAINMAN SHOWN ON THE RIGHT HAS CHECKED THE SWITCH AND TAKEN UP
HIS POSITION ON THE OPPOSITE SIDE OF THE PASSING TRAIN.   THE
REAR TRAINMAN AT THE LEFT IS ON THE GROUND AND WILL INSPECT
HIS SIDE OF THE TRAIN AS IT PASSES.
128. DEFECT DETECTED
IF A DANGEROUS CONDITION IS APPARENT, EVERY EFFORT MUST BE
MADE TO STOP THE TRAIN.   NOTICE HERE THE TRAINMAN AT THE
RIGHT IDAS DETECTED A DEFECT UNDER A CAR.
129. DIAGRAM:  CLOSEUP OF TRAINMAN GIVING STOP SIGNALS
HIS STOP SIGNALS ARE DIRECTED TO THE CABOOSE WHERE A MEMBER
OF THE CREW OF THE PASSING TRAIN SHOULD BE IN POSITION TO
OBSERVE THEM.
130. TRAINMAN PULLING' AIR
THE MAN ON THE REAR PLATFORM PICKED UP THE SIGNAL FROM THE
TRAINMAN ON THE GROUND AND TAKES APPROPRIATE ACTION TO STOP
HIS TRAIN.   THIS ILLUSTRATES HOW IMPORTANT IT IS THAT TRAIN
SERVICE EMPLOYEES BE IN THERE PROPER POSITION ON MOVING
TRAINS.
131. ENGINE CREW WATCHING MAINTENANCE OF WAY
TRAIN AND ENGINE CREWS OF MOVING TRAINS MUST WHEN PRACTICABLE
BE ON THE LOOKOUT FOR SIGNALS GIVEN BY EMPLOYEES CALLING
ATTENTION TO CONDITIONS ON THEIR TRAIN.   HERE THE ENGINE
CREW IS LOOKING FOR SIGNALS..,, o
o
25.
132. TRaINMAN in cupola
here the train crew is watching for signals from the
maintenance of 'way employees, the train has been found to be
in good condition by these men, and a proceed signal, or in
■railway language a highball is being acknowledged by the
conductor.
133. looking back from cupola
trainmen at rear of trains must frequently look back at the
TRACK TO SEE IF THERE IS EVIDENCE OF DRaGGING EQUIPMENT.
OFTEN MARKS ARE LEFT ON THE TIES OR ROAD BED THAT WILL
INDICATE DRAGGING EQUIPMENT WHICH MAY NOT BE DETECTED WHILE
LOOKING FORWARD ALONG THE TRAIN.
134. CARMAN aND CONDUCTOR
CONDUCTORS AND TRAINMEN MUST KNOW, THAT CARs IN THEIR TRAIN
ARE IN GOOD ORDER BEFORE STARTING, AND INSPECT THEM .WHENEVER
THEY HAVE AN OPPORTUNITY TO DO SO.   ALL CARS TaKEN IN THEIR
train en route must be examined .»ith extra care.  here a
carman is assuring conductor, the train has.received the
PRESCRIBED INSPECTION AND AIR BRAKE TEST, AND IS REaDY FOR
THE ROAD.   WHERE CARMEN ARE NOT aVaILABLE, THE TRAIN AND
ENGINE CREW aRE RESPONSIBLE FOR SE.EING PROPER INSEPCTION
AS WELL AS AIR BRaKE TESTS ARE MADE BEFORE COMMENCING A RUN.
135. QUESTION
ONCE a TRAIN COMMENCES ITS RUN, HO., DOES THE CREW FULFILL
THE INSPECTION RULE.
136. SPECIAL INSTRUCTION C
SPECIAL INSTRUCTION C IS A PERMANENT INSTRUCTION LOCATED AT
THE BACK OF ALL CANADIAN PACIFIC TIME TABLES.   IT READS, 26.
FREIGHT AND MIXED TRAINS WILL NOT, UNLESS OTHERWISE PROVIDED,
RUN MCRE THAN FORTY MILES WITHOUT STOPPING FOR STANDING TRAIN
INSPECTIONi
137. DIVISIONAL PQOTNOTES
BUT THESE PERMANENT INSTRUCTIONS CAN BE ALTERED IN IMPORTANT
WAYS BY DIVISIONAL FOOTNOTES.   LISTEN TO THE DIVISIONAL FOOTNOTE ON THE MOUNTAIN SUBDIVISION ON THE PACIFIC REGION.
EXCEPT WHEN WEaTHER OR OTHER CONDITIONS PREVENT PROPER RUNNING
INSPECTION TRAINS 9E8 AND 967 NEED NOT OBSERVE SPECIAL
INSTRUCTION C AND OTHER FREIGHT TRAINS MAY RUN EIGHTY MILES
WITHOUT STOPPING FOR STANDING INSPECTION.   SPECIAL INSTRUCTION C IS AMENDED ACCORDINGLY.   TRAINS 901, 902, 954 AND
965 NEED NOT OBSERVE SPECIAL INSTRUCTION C.   WESTWARD
FREIGHT TRAINS EXCEPT NO. 901, NO. 965 END NO. 967 MUST
MAKE ONE STANDING INSPECTION AT LEANCHOIL, PALLISER OR
GLENOGLE, AND ONE AT FLAT CREEK, ILLECILLE./AET OR ALBERT
CANYON.  '
138. DIAGRAM:  TRAIN APPROACHING A SIDING
THERE ARE MANY DIFFERENT SITUATIONS WHERE THE OPPORTUNITY TO
INSPECT A TRAIN PRESENTS ITSELF.   THIS IS A REGULAR
INSPECTION POINT, AND A STANDING INSPECTION WILL BE CARRIED
OUT BY THE APPROACHING TRAIN.   THIS INSPECTION WILL BE
PERFORMED IN THE FOLLOWING MANNER:
139. TRAINMAN DROPS OFF HEAD END
THE HEAD END TRAINMAN WILL DETRAIN FROM THE ENGINE AT A POINT
HALF THE TRAIN'S LENGTH FROM THE ANTICIPATED STOPPING POINT
OF THE CABOOSE.   HERE THE TRAINMAN SELECTS SUCH A POSITION,
O o
27.
AND DROPS OFF ACCORDINGLY.   HE WILL THEN GIVE THE SIDE OF
THE TRaIN NEXT TO HIM A PULL BY INSPECTION UNTIL IT STOPS.
140. TRAINMAN CROSSES THROUGH TRAIN
AS SOON AS THE TRAIN STOPS, TEE TRAINMAN WILL CROSS OVER AND
WALK UP THE OTHER SIDE OF HIS TRAIN TO HIS ENGINE WHILE HE
GIVES THIS PORTION OF THE TRAIN A STANDING INSPECTION.   HERE
THE TRAINMAN CROSSES THROUGH, AND RETURNS TO THE HEAD END.
AT THE SAME TIME THE REAR END TRAINMAN STARTS UP ONE SIDE OF
THE TRAIN FROM THE REAR.   THE DIAGRAM ILLUSTRATES THE REAR
TRAINMAN COMMENCING HIS PORTION OF THE STANDING INSPECTION.
141. REAR TRAINMAN' CROSSES OVER
WHEN HE REACHEs THE POINT WHERE THE HEAD END TRAINMAN CROSSED
OVER, IDS WILL THEN CROSS OVER HIMSELF	
142. PULL BY INSPECTION
AND GIVE A PULL BY INSPECTION TO THE REAR PORTION OF THE
TRAIN AS IT PULLS OUT SLOWLY,
143. SIDING aND BACK TRACK ENGINE LIFTING TWO CARS
LETS TAKE A LOOK AT A SITUATION WHERE A STOP IS MADE FOR THE
PURPOSE OF LIFTING TWO CARS, AND THE OPPROTUNITY TO INSPECT
THE TRAIN IS PRESENT.   THE REAR TRAINMAN STARTS TOWARD THE
HEAD END AND THE CONDUCTOR, WHO REQUIRES WAYBILLS PROCEEDS UP
THE OTHER SIDE OP THE TRAIN AS FAR AS THE STATION.   THE
ENGINE IS CUT OFF TO MAKE THE LIFT.
144. ENGINE PULLING TWO CARS OUT
WHILE THE HEAD END CREW ADDS THE TWO CARS TO THE TRAIN THE
REAR TRAINMAN REACHES THE HEAD END AND CROSSES TO THE OTHER
SIDE. 28.
O
145•  INSPECTS TWO CARS
O
THE RULE REQUIRED THAT ALL CARS TAKEN IN THEIR TRAIN ENROUTE
MUST BE EXAMINED WITH EXTRA CARE, HERE THE TWO TRAINMEN ARE
GIVING THE NECESSaRY ATTENTION TO THE TWO CaRS THAT HAVE BEEN
LIFTED.
146. TRAIN PULLING OUT
CONDUCTOR GIVES PROCEED SIGNaL AND THE REAR TRAINMAN IS IN
POSITION TO WATCH TRAIN PULL BY.   NOTE THE CONDUCTOR AND
TRAINMAN WILL HAVE TO ENTRAIN WHILE THE TRAIN IS IN MOTION.
147. TRAINMAN LOOKING BACK FROM ENGINE
THE RULE CONTINUES;  WHEN PRACTICABLE, EMPLOYEES OF MOVING
TRAINS MUST MAKE FREQUENT INSPECTION OF THEIR TRAIN TO
ENSURE IT IS IN-ORDER.   ALL MEMBERS OF TRAIN AND ENGINE
CREWS ARE INVOLVED IN THE RUNNING INSPECTION.   BOTH SIDES
OF THE TRAIN MUST BE INSPECTED.   HERE A MEMBER OF THE CREW
ON THE ENGINE LOOKS BACK ALONG THE TRAIN....
148. TRAINMAN LOOKING AHEAD
AND HERE THE REAR TRAINMAN IS LOOKING AHEAD ALONG THE TRAIN
PERFORMING HIS PART OF TEE RUNNING INSPECTION.   THE
INSPECTION OF THE TRAIN MUST TAKE PLACE AT EVERY OPPORTUNITY
AND EXPERIENCE HAS PROVEN THAT A BETTER VIEW OF THE WHOLE
TRAIN CAN BE OBTAINED WHILE ROUNDING CURVES, SUCH AS OUR
PICTURES ILLUSTRATE.   THIS INSPECTION JOB IS ALWAYS
PRACTICABLE WHEN VISIBILITY IS GOOD.
149. DIAGRAM STOPPED FOR MEET
THE RUIE CONTINUES, WHEN A FREIGHT TRAIN STOPS A TRAINMAN
WILL BE IN POSITION TO INSPECT THE TRAIN AS IT PULLS BY.
SINCE THE RULE REQUIRES A MAN TO BE IN POSITION TO INSPECT o
o
29.
THE TRAIN AS IT PASSES, THE QUESTION ARISES A3 TO DELAY TO
PLACE A MAN SO THE WHOLE TRAIN CAN BE INSPECTED. AS IN SO
MANY OTHER SITUATIONS, GOOD JUDGEMENT DICTATES WHAT SHOULD
BE DONE. IN THIS CASE THE STANDING TRAIN HOLDS A MEET ON
AN APPROACHING TRAIN. . THE REAR TRAINMAN WALKS TOWARD THE
HEAD END.
150. TRAIN HEADING IN
' " """*
AS SOON AS TEE REAR TRAINMAN SEES THE OPPOSING TRAIN HEADING
IN HE PREPARES TO CROSS OVER THROUGH THE STANDING TRAIN TO
THE OTHER SIDE.
151. REAR TRAINMAN ON OTHER SIDE
AFTER CROSSING OVER, AS LONG AS THE TRAIN IS STANDING, THE .
TRAINMAN SHOULD CONTINUE TO WALK FORWARD.
152. TRAIN PULLING OUT
BUT AS SOON AS THE OPPOSING TRAIN IS CLEAR OF THE SWITCH THE
TRAIN ON THE MAIN TRACK WILL LEAVE AND THE TRAINMAN WILL CEASE
WALKING FORWARD.   IF THE TRAIN WERE TO WAIT UNTIL THE TRAINMAN REACHES THE HEAD END BEFORE PROCEEDING, CONSIDERABLE DELAY
COULD RESULT.   THIS IS NOT THE INTENT OF THE RULE.
153. TRAIN PULLING OUT
THE TRAINMAN STANDS AND INSPECTS WHATEVER PORTION OF HIS
TRAIN THAT WILL PASS HIM AS IT PULLS BY.
154. TRAINMAN ENTRAINING
THE LAST PARAGRAPH OF RULE 111 READS, WHEN STARTING, FREIGHT
TRAINS SPEED MUST BE REGULATED TO PERMIT TRAINMEN TO ENTRAIN.
THE SPEED PERMITTED BY THE ENGINEMAN MUST BE SUCH THaT NO
DIFFICULTY WILL BE EXPERIENCED CATCHING THE CaBOOSE AS IT
PASSES• 30.
155. SINGLE TRACK, MAN SAME SIDE AS SWITCH
THE CORRECT POSITION TO TAKE IN THE OBSERVANCE OF RULE 111
IS SOMETIMES CONFUSED WITH RULE 104, WHICH READS:  WHEN A
TRAIN IS CLOSELY APPROACHING OR PASSING OVER A MAIN TRACK
SWITCH, EMPLOYEES MUST KEEP NOT LESS THAN TWENTY FEET FROM
THE SWITCH STAND, AND, ON SINGLE TRACK, IN ADDITION, WHEN
PRACTICABLE, STAND ON THE OPPOSITE SIDE OF TILE TRACK.
156. REPEAT WITH TRAIN.FURTHER ALONG
THIS IS SINGLE TRACK.   IF THE TRAINMAN AT THE LEFT TOOK UP
A POSITION ON THE OPPOSITE SIDE FROM THE SWITCH STAND< ONLY
ONE SIDE OF THE TRAIN WOULD BE INSPECTED.   THE INTENT OF
RULE 104 IS NOT VIOLATED IN THIS CASE, PROVIDED THAT HEAD
TRAINMANS POSITION IS AT LEAST 20 FEET FROM THE SWITCH STAND.
157. TWO TRACK SITUATION
THIS IS A TWO TRACK SITUATION.   THE TRAIN ON THE LEFT IS
STANDING, AND THAT ON THE RIGHT IS APPROACHING ON THE OTHER
TRACK.
158. TWO TRACKS APPROACHING TRAIN CLOSER
BECAUSE THIS IS NOT SINGLs TRACK, THIS TRAINMAN IS OF THE
OPINION HE SHOULD NOT CROSS TO INSPECT THE OTHER SIDE OF THE
APPROACHING TRAIN.   BUT ONCE AGAIN THIS KIND OF AN
INSPECTION JOB ONLY TAKES CARE OF ONE SIDE OF THE TRAIN.
159. TWO TRACKS 20 FEET FROM SWITCH
RULE 111 OVER-RULES OTHER REASONS WHY IT MIGHT NOT SEEM
proper to cross to the other side, and the trainman has
TaKEN up the correct position in this case.  he must, of
coarse, realize that trains on the other track are not
o O 51-
RESTRICTED, AND EXERCISE THE USUAL CAUTION WHEN MOVING TO
THE OTHER SIDE.   THE IMPORTANCE ATTACHED TO THE INSPECTION
OF PASSING TRAINS IS SUCH THaT INSPECTION OF BOTH SIDES
SHOULD BE ACCOMPLISHED WHEREVER POSSIBLE TO DO SO.
160. CONDUCTOR TALKING ...ITH CREW
WHILE THIS PRESENTATION HAS DEALT MAINLY WITH THE PART
TRAINMEN PLAY IN THE INSPECTION RULE, THE CONDUCTOR ALSO
MUST PERSONALLY DO HIS PART IN THE INSPECTION PROCESS INSOFAR
AS HIS OTHER DUTIES WILL PERMIT*   THERE ARE MANY DIFFERENT
CIRCUMSTANCES THAT .ILL HAVE A BEARING ON WHICH MEMBER OF
THE CREW WILL INSPECT DIFFEREN PORTIONS OF THE TRaIN.
ORGANIZING THE MOST EFFECTIVE INSPECTION JOB IS THE
RESPONSIBILITY OF THE CONDUCTOR.   HERE HE DISCUSSES
INSPECTION PROBLEMS v.ITH HIS ORE,/.
161. THE END
THIS CONCLUDES FILMSRRIP NUMBER ONE.   FILMSTRIP NUMBER T4«0
IS A CONTINUATION OF SWITCHING RULES, AND IS RECOMMENDED
FOR ALL EMPLOYEES CONCERNED WITH THE HANDLING OF CARS.
O

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