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Settlers' guide to Manitoba and the Canadian north-west Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1903

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Guide 1903
'-" Canadian
North-West Railway and
free Grant Cand
Conditions of Payment
Owns 14,000,000 acres of land in the Canadian Northwest, lying chiefly along its Main
Line and Branches.
To encourage actual settlers (that is, those
who intend settling upon and cultivating the
land and undertake to do so) the Company has
adopted the following liberal terms of payment
on purchases riot exceeding 640 acres :
The aggregate amount of principal and interest is divided into ten instalments, as shown
in the table below; the first to be paid at the
time of purchase, the second two years from
the date of purchase, the third in three years,
and so on.
The following table shows the amount of the
annual instalments on a quarter section of 160
acres at different prices under the conditions
to actual settlers :
and Nine Equal
Per Acre
Instalments of
at   $3.00
''     3.50
"     4.00
''     4.50
''     5.00
"     5.50
"     6.00
■■ 'Purchasers who do not undertake to settle '
personally upon the land within one year from
date of purchase are required to pay one-sixth
of the purchase money down and the balance
in five equal annual instalments with interest
at the rate of six per cent, per annum.
.DISCOUNT FOR CASH.—If land is paid for
in full at time of purchase, a reduction from
price will be allowed equal to ten per cent, on
five-sixths of the purchase money. Interest
at 6 per cent, will be charged on overdue instalments.
All sales are subject to the following general
conditions :—
1.   All improvements placed upon land purchased  to  be  maintained thereon  until   final     *
payment has been made.
2.. All taxes and assessments lawfully imposed upon the land or improvements to be
paid by the purchaser.
' %. The Company reserves from sale, under
the regulations, all mineral and coal lands and
lands containing timber in quantities, stone,
slate and marble quarries, lands with water
power thereon, and tracts for town sites and
railway purposes.
' 4:   Mineral, coal and timber lands and quar-     j
ries, and lands controlling water power, will
be disposed of on very moderate terms to persons giving satisfactory evidence of their intention and ability to utilize the same.
Liberal rates for settlers and their effects are
granted by the Company over their railway.
Intending settlers having friends in the
Northwest and wishing to settle near them,
should write to F. T. Griffin, Land Commissioner, C. P. R., Winnipeg, Man., for one of
the municipal maps published by the Company,
showing the vacant lands of the Company in
the district and prices of same, and for any
further information required.
All surveyed even-numbered sections, excepting Nos. 8 and 26, are held exclusively for
free homesteads, and entry therefor to the extent of a quarter section (160 acres) can be
obtained on payment of a fee of ten dollars.
The Canadian Pacific Railway traverses four
of the most important divisions of the Northwest, viz.: Manitoba, Assiniboia, Alberta and
Lands in the Province of Manitoba, and in
Assiniboia, east of the 3rd meridian, average
$3.00 to $10.00 an acre.
Lands west of the 3rd meridian, including
valuable lands in the Calgary District and
Northern Alberta and Saskatchewan, from
$3.00 to $5.00 per acre.
__._,.—n_. is already well settled, but home-
MAINl IOBA steads can still be secured in this
highly favored province. The natural resources of the country are as great as those of any
other part of the North American Continent.
The soil is a rich black loam of great strength
and depth, that of the Red River Valley being
particularly well adapted for the growth of i
wheat. The province is well supplied by
nature with wood, bay and water. Railways,
schools, churches and thriving towns are now SETTLERS'   GUIDE—1903
scattered all over the country. The population
is made up of Canadians, Americans, and
people from every state in Europe, so that the
intending settler, no matter what his nationality, can settle among his own countrymen.
The crop area and total yield of grain, roots,
etc., of Manitoba for 1902 were as follows, according to the official returns :
Total yield yield
Acres In Crop       bushels     to Acre
Wheat 2,039,940 53,077,207      26
Oats  725,000 34,478,160      47.5
Barley  329,790 11,848,422      35.9
Flax  41,200 504,440      13.7
Rye  2,559 49,900      19.5
Peas  1,596 34,154      21.4
Corn  2,205       	
Brome  12,485       	
Potatoes     22,005 3,459,325     157
Roots     12,175 3,230,995     205
Total .3,189,015     100,052,343 (grain)
The average yield of cultivated grasses was
over two tons to the acre, and of natural
grasses 1.7 tons.
The total increase in area under grain over
the previous year was 223,147. The percentage
of increase of last year's yield over that of
1901 is : wheat, over 5 per cent.; oats, over 24
per cent.; barley, over 81 per cent; flax, over
111 per cent; and peas, 109 per cent.
The cash value of Manitoba's products to the
farmer last year was $44,393,744, this amount
being obtained by taking the total yields of
grains and potatoes, together with the quantities of poultry and dairy products. This sum
is divided amongst 38,000 farmers.
iwiiurenii tlie central district of the North-
ASDimcuiA,    wegtj 1g divi(ie(i int0 tw0 great
areas—Eastern and Western Assiniboia—each
of which has its own peculiar characteristics,
the former being essentially a wheat-growing
and mixed farming country, and the western
part of the latter especially adapted for ranching, having a climate that permits of cattle
grazing throughout the whole of the winter.
The great plains extending from the Qu'Appelle River to the international boundary and
from the Missouri Coteau to the neighborhood
of the second meridian, including the celebrated
Moose Jaw, Regina, Indian Head and Moose
Mountain districts, contains the largest unbroken area of choice wheat-growing land in
the north west. An immense quantity of land
has been sold by the Railway Company in that
territory during the past year to settlers who
intend to farm it in a large way, but free homestead may still be had in many parts and good
railway lands at reasonable prices. A careful
estimate of the crop of 1902 gives the yield of
wheat at 12,691,000 bushels, off 497,547 acres ;
oats, 5,619,500 bushels, off 124,150 acres ; barley, 238,500 bushels, off 7,208 acres.
..„___,. is situated immediately east of the
ALBERTA R0cky Mountains and north of the
State of Montana, covering an area of about
120.000 miles. It is characterized by a mild
climate in winter and cool breezes in summer.
Its location gives it the benefit in winter of the
Chinook winds, which follow a north-easterly
direction from the current in the southern
Pacific Ocean, whence they receive their
warmth. The snow in winter rarely lies longer
than four or five days at a time when it is
melted by this wind, thus making the winters
mild and filling the creeks and ponds with
water for the stock on  the ranches.    In the summer these creeks are constantly supplied
with water from the melting snow in the
mountains, so that during summer and winter
there is always to be found throughout the
district an abundance of water for grazing
and all other purposes.
The wild grasses are most nutritious, as has
been demonstrated by the thousands of cattle
sold from the different ranches all in first-class
condition for the market, and it is a fact that,
even in the spring, cattle which have not received any feed except what they got by grazing are brought in from the ranches as fat as
stall-fed cattle in the Eastern Provinces
The surplus cattle raised in the Edmonton
District are shipped to British Columbia and
to the European markets via Montreal.
The grain raised in Northern Alberta does
but little more, at present, than supply local
requirements. There is, however, a surplus of
oats, which find a market in British Columbia.
The recent erection of extensive oatmeal mills
at Edmonton has created an excellent home
The cool temperature in summer, with the
grasses and pure cool mountain streams mentioned, make Alberta one of the best countries
to be found for Cheese and Butter-making,
and it is rapidly becoming as noted for such
industries as for its ranches.
There is a local lumber supply at Edmonton,
but the finer grades are obtained from British
Columbia. This district is opened up by the Canadian Pacific Railway branches from Calgary
to Edmonton and to Macleod, and by the Crow's
Nest Pass Ry. from near Medicine Hat, which
runs through the great mining districts of
Southern  British  Columbia.
«*<!K-ATrHPWAN   The valIey of the Saskat"
aflOR.ftii.ncwnix chewan,which extends from
the Rocky MountainstoManitoba, contains some
of the most fertile soil in the world. The territorial division of Saskatchewan comprises that
portion of the great valley and surrounding
country lying next north to Assiniboia. Prince
Albert, near the forks of the North and South
branches of the Saskatchewan, reached by the
Canadian Pacific, is the principal centre, and
throughout the district are many thriving settlements, in which are located a large number
of prosperous settlers. Amongst them is the
Saskatoon district on the South Saskatchewan
river. In a short time, it is expected, some
portions of this district will also be served by
the North-Western branch of the Canadian
Pacific Railway.
CROPS IN THE T'ie Northwest Territories—
_„_._.„_--._._ Assiniboia, Alberta, and Sas-
i hkjsi l UKiiis. katchewan—combined— prcn
duced in 1902 in wheat, barley and oats, off
892,540 acres, nearly 15,000,000 bushels of
wheat, over 11,000,000 bushels of oats, and
844,000 of barley. In addition, large quantities
of potatoes, roots and garden stuff were raised.
LAND are 0,!fei'e(l reduced return rates,
T ^-yon-Do first-class, to Winnipeg froim
tLXi L.u±in±ts points in Canada east of Sudbury, and can, on presentation of the return
half of tickets to the undersigned, purchase return tickets from Winnipeg to points
the Province of Manitoba, Assiniboia, Saskatchewan or Alberta, the value of which will ire
refunded to the original holder should he purchase within 30 days one quarter section (160
acres) of Canadian Pacific farm lands.
Westbound trains stop for sufficient time at
Winnipeg station to enable passengers to visit
the Land Office of the Company at the station,
where maps and pamphlets, descriptive of the 3 SETTLERS' GUIDE—1903 	
Free Grant and Railway Lands, through which
the railway passes, can be obtained. Stop-over
privileges between Winnipeg and Calgary will
be granted (on application to the conductor) on
Through Second-Class or Colonist Tickets to
British Columbia or Puget Sound, thus enabling passengers to make personal inspection
of the lands.
For detailed prices, maps and full particulars,
apply to
C. P. R. Land Commissioner,
Or any Agent of the Canadian Pacific Ry. Co.
Government Lands.
FREE ^n^   even-numbered   sec-
HriTWPWirAri tion of dominion lands in
HOMLblllAD Manitoba   or    the   North-
REGULATIONS. west Territories, excepting Nos. 8 and 26, which has not been home-
steaded, reserved to provide wood lots for settlers, or other purposes, may be homesteaded
by any person who is the sole head of a family,
or any male over eighteen years of age, to the
extent of one-quarter section of 160 acres, more
or less.
—~,       Entry  may  be  made personally  at
HTM 1 KY.   the ]ocal land office for the District
in which the land to be taken is situate, or, if
the homesteader desires, he may, on application
to the Minister of the Interior. Ottawa, the
Commissioner of Dominion Lands, Ottawa, Dominion Immigration Commissioner, Winnipeg,
or any local agent, receive authority for some
one to make the entry for him. A fee of $10
is charged for homestead entry.
HOMESTEAD Under the  present law  home-
DUTIES stead duties must be performed
in one of the following ways,
namely :—
(1) By at least six months' residence upon
and cultivation of the land in each year during
the term of three years.
(2) If the father (or the mother, if the father
is deceased) of any person who is eligible to
make a homestead entry resides upon a farm
in the vicinity of the land entered for by such
person as a homestead, the requirements of the
law as to residence prior to obtaining patent
may be satisfied by such person residing with
the father or mother.
(3) If a settler has obtained a patent for his
first homestead, or a certificate for the issue of
such patent countersigned in the manner prescribed by the Dominion Lands Act, and has
obtained entry for a second homestead, the requirements of this Act as to residence prior to
obtaining patent may be satisfied by residence
upon the first homestead.
(4) If the settler has his permanent residence
upon farming land owned by him in the vicinity of his homestead, the requirements of the
law as to residence may be satisfied by residence upon the said land.
APPLICATION should be made at the end of
___ the   three   years,   before   the
i<(-'K Local    Agent,    Sub-Agent    or
PATENT the Homestead Inspector.   Be
fore making application for patent the settler
must give six months' notice in writing to the
Commissioner of Dominion Lands at Ottawa of
his intention to do so. When, for the convenience of the settler, application for patent
is made before a homestead inspector, a fee
of $5 is charged; no fee, however, being
charged if the application be made at the land 10
office. Application for patent must be made
within five years from the date of the homestead entry, otherwise the right thereto is liable
to forfeiture.
DOMINION are 'ocated at Winnipeg, Brand-
t A*jn on'    Minnedosa,   Dauphin,   Ala-
l.ainu meda,    Regina,    Yorkton,    Leth-
OFFICES bridge,  Calgary,  Red  Deer,  Ed
monton, Battleford and Prince Albert.
A liberal supply of timber for housebuilding purposes and fuel is granted free to settlers on payment of a small office
fee for the permit to cut.
For fuIT information as to conditions of tender, and sale of timber, coal or other mineral
lands, apply to the Secretary of the Department
of the Interior, Ottawa, Ontario ; or to any of
the Dominion Land Agents for Manitoba or
the Northwest Territories.
List of Publications*
The Canadian Pacific Railway Co. issues a
number of pamphlets and folders among which
are the following :
WESTERN -^ most interesting pamphlet des-
r am An a ciPtive of the advantages and ca-
^AiNAiJA. pabilities of the Province of Manitoba and the Districts of Alberta and Assiniboia,andthe fertile valley of the Saskatchewan,
with detailed information as to cattle, horse
and sheep ranching, dairying, mixed farming
and mining. It is fully illustrated with views
reproduced from photographs. Land and railway maps are also included.
BRITISH Tlle kest compilation of trust-
/-<~it t nuim a worthy information yet issued re-
CULUMB1A. ganjing the pacific Coast Province carefully revised and brought up-todate.
It is well illustrated, with maps of the Province,
and should be in the hands of every one who
feel the slightest interest in British Columbia.
WORDS a handsomely illustrated booklet
WOMEN of Rivlng a SraPhic description of wo-
"WESTERN man's work in Western Canada
CANADA, and how it has succeeded.
Other publications dealing with the trip
across the continent, China and Japan, Hawaii,
Australia, Climates of Canada, Around the
World tours, the Pleasure and Health Resorts
of the Canadian Rockies, Game Regions of
Canada, etc., are also issued by the Canadian
Pacific Railway Co., and can be had free on
application to any agent of the Company.
Settlers' Effects.
1. The rates in this tariff are subject to the
General Notices and Conditions of Carriage
printed in the Company's form of Shipping Receipt, and will apply only on shipments consigned to actual settlers, and are entirely exclusive of cartage at stations where this service
is performed by the Railway Company's Cartage Agents.
2. Carloads of Settlers' Effects, within the
meaning of the tariff, may be made up of the
following described property for the benefit of
actual settlers, viz.:   Live Stock, any number 12
up to but not exceeding ten (10) head, all told,
viz.: Cattle, calves, sheep, hogs, mules or
horses ; Household Goods and personal property (second-hand) ; Waggons, or other vehicles
for personal use (second-hand) ; Farm Machinery, Implements and Tools (all secondhand) ; Soft Wood (pure hemlock or spruce
only) : Lumber and Shingles, which must not
exceed 2,000 feet in all, or the equivalent
thereof ; or in lieu of, not in addition to the
lumber and shingles, a Portable House may be
shipped ; Seed Grain ; small quantity of Trees
or shrubbery ; small lot Live Poultry or pet
animals ; and sufficient feed for the live stock
while on the journey. Settlers' Effects rates,
however, will not apply on shipments of secondhand Waggons, Buggies, Farm Machinery, Implements or Tools, unless accompanied by
Household Goods. (It has been decided that
bona-fide settlers may be permitted to load in
cars a quantity of seed oats not to exceed 300
3. Car Rental and Storage of Freight in
Cars.—Under this tariff when freight is to be
loaded by consignor, or unloaded by consignee,
one dollar ($1.00) per car per day or fraction
thereof, for delay beyond 4S hours in loading
or unloading, will be added to the rates named
herein, and constitute a part of the total charges
to be collected by the carriers on the property.
4. Should the allotted number of Live Stock
be exceeded, the additional animals will be
charged for at proportionate rates over and
above the carload rate for the Settlers' Effects,
but the total charge for any one such car will
not exceed .the regular rate for a straight carload of Live Stock.
5. Passes.—One man will be passed free in
charge of live stock when forming part of carloads, to feed, water and care for them in tran-
ait.    Agents will use the usual form of Live
Stock contract.
6. Less than Carload Shipments.—Less than
carloads will be understood to mean only
Household Goods (second-hand), Waggons, or
other vehicles for personal use (second-hand)
and second-hand Farm Machinery, Implements
and Tools. Settlers' Effects rates, however,
will not apply on shipments of second-hand
Waggons, Buggies, Farm Machinery, Implements or Tools, unless accompanied by Household Goods. Less than carload lots must be
plainly addressed.
7. Merchandise, such as groceries, provisions,
hardware, etc., also implements, machinery,
vehicles, etc., if new, will not be regarded as
Settlers' Effects, and if shipped, will be charged
the regular classified tariff rates. While the
Canadian Pacific Railway Co. is desirous of
continuing to give liberal encouragement to
settlers, both as to the variety of the effects
which may be loaded in cars, and the low rates
thereon, it is also the duty of the Company to
protect the merchants of the Northwest by preventing as far as possible, the loading of merchandise of a general character in cars with
personal effects. Agents, both at loading and
delivering stations, are, therefore, strictly enjoined to give their personal attention to the
preventing of the loading of contraband articles, and to see that the actual weights are
way-billed when carloads exceed 24,000 lbs.
8. Top Loads.—Agents must not permit, under any circumstances, any article to be loaded
on the top of box or stock ears; such manner
of loading is dangerous, and is absolutely forbidden.
9. Settlers' Effects, to be entitled to the carload rates, cannot be stopped at any point short
of destination   for   the   purpose of unloading 14       SETTLERS'  GUIDE—1903    	
part.    The entire carload must go through to
the station to which originally consigned.
10. The Carload rates on Settlers' Effects
apply on any shipment occupying a car, and
weighing 24,000 lbs. or less. If the carload
weighs over 24,000 lbs., the additional weight
will be charged for at rates shown.
11. Minimum Charge.—^Minimum charge on
any shipment will be 100 lbs. at regular first-
class rate.
12. Settlers' Effects ex connecting lines must
be charged full rates from Canadian Pacific
Railway Junction points.
Customs Regulations.
Settlers' Effects, viz: Wearing apparel,
household furniture, books, implements and
tools of trade, occupation or employment, musical instruments, domestic sewing machines,
live stock, carts and other vehicles and agricultural implements in use by the settler for at
least a year before his removal to Canada, not
to include machinery, or articles imported for
use in any manufacturing establishment, or for
sale, also books, pictures, family plate or furniture, personal effects and heirlooms left by
bequest; provided that any dutiable article entered as settlers' effects may not be so entered
unless brought with the settler on his first
arrival, and shall not be sold or otherwise disposed of without payment of duty, until after
twelve months actual use in Canada; provided
also that under regulations made by the Controller of Customs, live stock, when imported
into Manitoba or the Northwest Territories by
intending settlers shall be free until otherwise
ordered by the Governor-in-Council.
Settlers arriving from the United States are
allowed to enter duty free stock in the following proportions: One animal of neat stock or
horses for each ten acres of land purchased or
otherwise secured under homestead entry, and
one sheep or swine for each acre so secured.
The settler will be required to fill up a form
(which will be supplied him by the customs
officer on application), giving description, value,
etc., of the goods and articles he wishes to be
allowed to bring in free of duty. He will also
be required to take the following oaths:
I    do hereby  solemnly
make oath and say, that all the goods and
articles hereinbefore mentioned are, to the best
of my knowledge and belief, entitled to free
entry as settlers' effects, under the tariff duties
of customs now in force, and that all of them
have been owned and in actual use by myself
for at least six months before removal to Canada; and that none of the goods or articles
shown in this entry, have been imported as merchandise or for any use in manufacturing establishment, or for sale, and that I intend becoming
a permanent settler within the Dominion of
The following oath shall be made by intending settlers when importing live stock in Manitoba or the Northwest Territories, free of duty:
I,       do  solemnly swear
that I am now moving into Manitoba (or the
Northwest Territories), with the intention of
becoming a settler therein, and that the live
stock enumerated and described in the entry
hereunto attached is intended for my own use
on the farm which I am about to occupy (or
cultivate) and not for sale or speculative purposes, nor for the use of any other person or
persons whomsoever. SETTLERS'  GUIDE—1903
■    II        M.MMMWHWHI        II MM—
Settlers' cattle when accompanied by certi
ficates of health are admitted without detention ; when not so accompanied they must be
inspected. Inspectors may subject any cattle
showing symptoms of tuberculosis to the tuberculin test before allowing them to enter.
Any cattle found tuberculous are subject to
be returned to the United States, or killed
without indemnity.
COLONIST are attached to the regular Ex-
rA-n- press  leaving Montreal  daily at
«-AKO 9.40 a. m. Colonist Cars have been
specially built for this class of business after
the plan of the C. P. Ry. first class sleepers, the
upper berth being let down from the roof, while
the seats being drawn together form the lower.
Each berth will hold two persons.
Bedding to fit the berths can be obtained at
Quebec, Montreal, St. Martin's Junction, Ottawa, Carieton Junction or North Bay, as under:
Mattresses, single, - $0-75
Mattresses, double, - 1.50
Pillows, .... .20
Blankets, - .80
Curtains, - .75
Berths in Colonist Cars are Free.
MEALS Arrangements have been made at
__, „_..»__, various stations along the line at
JilN KUU 1 H. conyenient intervals to provide
If passengers wish to take their food, baskets holding same should not be over 2 feet
long, 18 inches wide, and 11 inches high, so that
they can be placed under the seats when no
in use.
R1.rr\rv 300 lbs- of Personal baggage will
BAijLrAUli. be checked to points in Manitoba,
Assiniboia, .Saskatchewan and Alberta, except
stations on Canadian Pacific Railway main line
west of Morley, or on Crows' Nest Branch west
of Macleod.
SPECIAL Special    Settlers'    Excursions
SETTLERS' are run every Tuesday, during
EXCURSIONS March and April, provided
sufficient business offers.
H. J. Colvin, 362 Washington St., Boston, Mass.
E. V. Skinner .. .. 353 Broadway, New York.
A. C. Shaw, 228 South Clark St., Chicago, 111.
G. A. Clifford, 23 Carew Bldg., Cincinnati, O.
A. E. Edmonds, 7 Fort St. W., Detroit, Mich.
E. C. Oviatt, 363 Lake Ave., Battle Creek, Mich.
A. J. Shulman .. .. 233 Main St. Buffalo, N. Y.
F. W. Salsbury, 510 Frick Bldg., Pittsburg, Pa.
C. E. Benjamin, 315 Chestnut St., St. Louis, Mo.
W.  W.  Merkle,   1229    Pennsylvania    Avenue,
Washington, D. C.
"Western Canada," an illustrated
pamphlet containing a great deal of valuable information regarding  MANITOB.
ALBERTA and Northern 1c
in use.


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