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The challenge of the mountains Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1910

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?           Y    T   H   E
OF     THE.
HE Canadian Rockies give to all the climbers in the world a
challenge to come and conquer their dizzy heights. They
appeal to the geologist, artist and botanist, as a field of
research unsurpassed for interest, opportunity and inspiration. To the pleasure seeker and vacationist they offer attractions,
not superficial or gaudy with a round of stereotyped social functions,
but energizing air that thrills with power, and scenery that inspires
with its majesty and lifts the beholder out of the commonplace
things of life to a consideration of the things that are permanent
and important. Those grand quiet peaks, bearingon their shoulders
the snows of centuries, speak of the power and majesty of Nature.
The flight of years deals kindly with them, only producing a softer
and a greater beauty.
Visit the Canadian Rockies if you want to get away from the
ceaseless noise and commercial spirit that so dominates the cities of
this age; go from the railway,
which follows the line of least
resistance through the valleys and
along the rivers, and a short
journey will bring you among
mountains that throw up impassable barriers to intrusion,
-ike sentinels guarding their holy
of holies. Look upward from any
of the forest-filled valleys and
the gleam of some snow-cap will
dazzle you through the tree tops.
Many other natural features
demand admiration—dark gorges,
roaring torrents, spraying cataracts, jutting cliffs, dense forests,
glorious wild flowers—but the
dominant note above all is glistening ice in pinnacle and crevasse,
like petrified billows. Here is
the most   beautiful  part of the Camping^
'Page Three HHWii'WWfm
On the Roof of America—in the Canadian
Canadian Rocky and Selkirk
mountains. The Canadian Government has reserved an immense
tract of over 5,700 square miles as
a great National Park which is intended to be preserved for all time
as a playground for the people,
a peerless attraction for tourists
and visitors, and a health resort
of the highest and most beneficial
character. In this booklet we
will let the camera tell the story.
Llewellyn Brown, in the standard, says:—'' Globe-trotters tell
us that' earth has not anything to
show more fair' than that which
is to be seen amidst the glories
of the Canadian Rockies. The
world will always appear different
to the one who has had the privilege of looking down upon it from
the high altitudes of these far-
famed highlands. There is nothing that tends more effectively to
widen the horizon of our life than just a scene like this. He who
stands here is bound to come away with a bigger and a more beautiful
world view. The play of colors witnessed every day by the tourist
is as dazzling as it is delightful. It challenges all description. He is
indeed dull of soul who is not overwhelmed by this glorious vision.
Above you tower the snow-clad peaks. Beneath you stretches the
sleeping lake. Yonder the swift mountain torrent is singing its way
to the sea. Far into the valley, as you take in the whole range
of vision, you see the nodding pines keeping silent sentinel upon
the passing pageant in Nature's lonely loveliness.
"On every hand you see God's handiwork, majestic and
sublime. The mighty convulsion that belched up the Rockies, in
the gray dawn of history, has left behind it marks which tell
us of the magnitude of that great catastrophe. The chiselling
effects of the master sculptor are here seen on a magnificent scale,
as ages of ice and snow have wrought out the divine plan in
aeons of time.
" Standing alone on one of these dizzy heights, it is not hard
to forget the fevered life of the busy world at your feet. 'Verily
here, the tumult and the shouting cease.' Where the sky line and
the earth's   summit   kiss   each   other   a   great   peace   floods   the
soul of the weary traveller, kindly Mother Nature seems to
say, 'My child, if you will get alone with me and be still, I
will rest you.' "
The New York tribune says: "It is not generally known
that within four days' journey of New York City there are waiting
for the sight-seer and scientific investigator some of the grandest
and most impressive glacial 'streams' in the wrorld. Nothing in
Switzerland is to be found more beautiful than the glaciers of the
Canadian Rockies and Selkirks, and one of the chief attractions
of the trip is the fact that one may journey there and back in
civilized luxury, and while enjoying the scenes, at the very noses
of the wonderful glaciers themselves, be comfortable and remain
in close touch with the world."
At a number of principal points of interest the Canadian
Pacific Railway has erected charming hotels, each equally noted
for its beauty of location, comfort and service.
Thousands of people from all parts of the world visit these
resorts  annually.    The  Canadian   Pacific  Railway  line, above all
The Gap, or Eastern Entrance to the Canadian Rocky Mountains.
'Page Five SMftSJW*-- - >-^#^^^^^^^»i
Bow River Falls, Banff.
others, merits the much-
used description, 'The scenic
line of the world." From
Calgary to Vancouver, a
distance of six hundred and
forty-two miles, the beauty
and grandeur of the scenery
is continuous. That "there
is not a dull or uninteresting
minute all the way" is the
opinion of all who have made
the journey.
Only one regret is expressed by visitors, and that
is when they have allowed
themselves too little time
to see this charming cotintry.
A stay of at least several
days should be made at each
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Banff has Many Delightful Drives.
Tage Six »WwSi*S;::
Bow River Valley, from Banff Springs Hotel.
of the resorts, in order to fully
appreciate the magnificence of
the surrounding mountains, which
should be viewed under the
various atmospheric conditions.
The wonderful changes in light
and shadow, and the glories of
sunrise and sunset in the Canadian Rockies, are things never
to be forgotten. Unfortunately,
the average tourist is all too
prone to stop over only between
trains and thus catch but a
hurried glance of these glorious
peaks, which is regrettable, inasmuch as frequently the greater
beauty is missed entirely, though
thousands claim that travelling
through these mountains without
leaving the train has been the most
enjoyable event and the greatest
scenic treat of their lives.
Indians on a Station Platform in
Western Canada.
Buffalo at Banff.
Going westward, Frank Yeigh in his recent book "Through the
Heart of Canada," writes "The transition from the rolling sea of
fertile lands to the sea of mountains, is dramatic in the extreme.
From the foothills of the Rockies at Calgary to the mouth of the
Fraser Canyon the splendid trains of the Canadian Pacific Railway
curve to the tune the rivers have set, along the circuitous Bow,
along the turbulent Kicking Horse, along and across the broad-
breasted Columbia, along the glacial waters of the Illecillewaet,
along the blue-green Thompson, until its identity is lost in the
yellow Fraser."
The Rockies are visible before Calgary is reached. Mightier and
mightier they appear until The Gap, which is the eastern entrance
to this mountain world, is reached. Here the track takes a sharp
turn and on either side loom skywards the glorious peaks, and the
passenger realizes that he has reached Nature's wonderland. Exshaw,
the cement town, is passed; then the Three Sisters, a trinity of
noble peaks, are seen. Immovable, the Three Sisters stand, beautiful
in their purity, peaceful in their solitude, steadfast in their guard.
Like sentinels apart from their compeers, they seem to the traveller
to hold eternal watch and ward over the wonders of the marvellous
regions through which he is to pass.
Cascade Mountain is a few miles away from the railway track.
At its base are the anthracite mines of Bankhead, operated by the
Canadian Pacific Raihvay Company, which supply the country
from Winnipeg to Vancouver with hard coal. The powers of the
eye are greatly increased, and, to one fresh from the plains, things
yet afar off appear quite near.    However, the traveller gradually
Page Eight <&&&M8»Htt£ttaj£&
understands his mistake, and the track following the course of the
Bow River, turns sharply to the west just as the lowest spurs are
reached, and arrives at
Banff the Beautiful, the Gateway to the
Canadian National Park.
The town of Banff, the business centre of the Rocky Mountains
Park, and the chief objective point for tourists, is an up-to-date
little town of close on one thousand permanent residents, which is
generally increased to about eighteen hundred, or over, during the
summer months.
Eight excellent hotels, and six livery barns well supplied with
saddle horses and carriages, cater to the tourists and others for
trips to the many points of interest to which roads and trails lead
from the town. Outfitting stores of all kinds furnish supplies, to
the residents or camping parties, at reasonable prices.
Located on the south bank of the Bow River near the mouth
of the Spray, the Banff Springs Hotel, of the Canadian Pacific
Hotel System, commands a view, perhaps, unrivalled in America.
The   refinement   of   its   appointments,   and   the   completeness   of
Banff Village from Tunnel Mountain.
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The Basin, One of Banff's Swimming Pools.
detail marking the whole establishment, makes this splendid hotel
rank among the finest summer hotels to be found anywhere.
The excellence of the cuisine—a characteristic of the Canadian
Pacific service—is enhanced by the magnificent outlook down the
Bow River Valley. This hotel has each season an increasing
number of guests who are attracted by the wonderful scenery,
invigorating atmosphere and excellent service. Banff is without a
peer as a holiday resort.
The animal cages, near the Banff Museum, are a source of
pleasure to both young and old.
The Banff Museum contains splendidly preserved specimens
of the big game and lesser mammals, and of the fish and bird life to
be found within the Park; a beautifully mounted and correctly
classified herbarium is also here. Indian relics are shown and also
specimens of Indian workmanship of more than ordinary interest.
To the botanist, the geologist, and the naturalist, the Museum is the
central point of interest throughout the summer season, and the
exhibits attract the layman as well as the man of science.    The
Banff Museum has been called by appreciative visitors "The
University in the Hills."
The Hoodoos, or natural concrete pillars, are an interesting,
freakish, natural formation, which are attractive because of their
various shapes and sizes.
The Loop is a beautiful drive around the Bow Valley, in full
view of Bow Falls—distance about seven miles—skirting the base
of Mount Rundle, to the banks of the Bow River.
Banff unites, to a wonderful degree, health and pleasure—in
fact, it is impossible to seek the one without finding the other.
If you go there because of the condition of your health you
will invariably find pleasure without any effort on your part.
Another singular feature of this resort is, that time flies at Banff
as it does nowhere else on the continent. Only those who have
visited Banff can form an idea of how truly grand the scenery is;
and only those who have tried to gain the summit of the lofty peaks
that rake the clouds in every direction, can estimate their height.
Animal Cages in Canadian National Park, Banff.
Off for a Morning Gallop at Banff.
A story is told in Banff of a
visitor who made a wager he could
walk to the Observatory on
Sulphur Mountain in two hours.
Much to the astonishment of
himself, and the merriment of his
friends, he succeeded in making
that point in four hours, which
illustrates how deceptive are
distances at this altitude.
There are many delightful
walks in the vicinity of Banff,
along the banks of the Bow and
Spray rivers, and also to the
many attractive points in the
The Cave and Basin.
A delightful drive for about a
mile up the valley of the Bow
River, along a winding road between tall pines at the base of
Sulphur Mountain, leads to the Cave and Basin.
The cave itself is covered in by a natural roof of rock and
is fed by water from the springs still higher up the mountains.
It is not much larger than a good-sized room, but the curious
deposits of sulphur about its roof and wall makes it well worth a
visit. Adjoining it is a natural basin, beside which the Government has erected bathing houses, and so popular is this resort
that almost any hour of the day can be heard the splash of the
waters and the joyous shouts of the bathers.
"The temperature of the spring is 114.3 degrees Fahrenheit."
Banff Hot Springs possess wonderful curative   properties for
rheumatic  and  kindred  ailments  and   the  cures   recorded   almost
stagger belief.
The Fauna of the Park.
A band of nearly one hundred buffalo, relics of the countless
thousands which swarmed over the great central plains of North
America until swept away by the tide of civilization, occupy a park
near the town and railway station. With them are a number of
elk and moose, the grandest and most beautiful of the deer family,
together with many other specimens of the wild life of the northern
plains and woods, living in their natural state and in surroundings
which add to the charm and interest of their presence.
Boathouses, Bow River, Banff.
The Flora of the Park.
A large number of botanical students have visited the park
and have been greatly attracted by the profusion and variety of
the flora found there. There is no place on the continent which
offers a greater field for botanical research, as the wild flowers to
be found in different parts of the park include almost every known
Banff the Beautiful is an alliteration that is not misapplied,
and to appreciate the appropriateness of the title, drive or walk
up Tunnel Mountain, 1,000 feet over the valley, and the view will
never be forgotten.
Lake Minnewanka.
From Banff to Lake Minnewanka is nine miles, the drive skirting Cascade Mountain and following Devil's Head River until the
precipitous sides of Devil's Head Canyon are crossed by a rustic
Dridge. The lake is sixteen miles long, with a width of from one to two
miles. Here is a launch, which can be chartered by visitors at the
rate of $1.00 per head, for parties of five or over. The sail usually
occupies three hours. Fishing tackle, boats, etc., may be procured,
this being a favorite resort for anglers. A cluster of Hoodoos
(natural concrete pillars), and the Devil's Gap, on the way to
Ghost   River, are  among  the  points  of  interest in this  locality.
Lake Minnewanka, near Banff.
Attractions at Banff.
It is simply impossible to properly enumerate the many attractions of this delightful spot. The carriage drives are delightful, the
roads being good and the scenery magnificent. Banff must be visited
to be appreciated.
The Aviary.
The eight varieties of pheasants are exceedingly interesting.
They include Japanese Golden, Japanese Copper, Mongolians,
English Silver, English Ringnecks, Prince of Wales, Rieves, Lady
Amherst and Common. The eagle cage is also a great attraction,
and the very fine specimens contained therein are a source of wonder
to all visitors. Many other specimens of birds are to be found in
the Park, and they are all interesting, especially to the young people.
About 150 varieties of bird specimens have been added, besides
several animal specimens. Rustic seats have been placed at intervals
among the trees, and the wisdom of providing this accommodation
is evidenced by the large number of people who are seen daily
enjoying the cool breezes and genial shade along the Bow River.
The museum and grounds form one of the most attractive and interesting spots in the Park for visitors, and many are the expressions
of admiration heard at the fine collection of specimens in the museum.
'Page Fourteen SS*$^ffilP
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L. O U I S  E T
THIRTY-FOUR miles westward from Banff is Laggan (the
station for Lake Louise and Lakes in the Clouds). Two and
a half miles from the station, by a fine carriage road, is Lake
Louise (altitude 5,645 feet)—the most winsome spot in the
Canadian Rockies. Of the beauty of this remarkable lake there is
no divided opinion; every visitor to its shore sings its praises, and it
is acknowledged by the most competent judges to be one of the great
masterpieces in Nature's picture gallery. As a gem of composition
and coloring it has no rival. At every hour of the day the view is
ever-changing with the shadows. This is especially true of the early
morning and evening hours. Walter Dwight Wilcox, F.R.G.S., in
his charming book, "The Rockies of Canada," describes the colorings
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Chateau  Lake Louise, Laggan, Lakes in the Clouds.
On the Trail to Lakes in the Clouds.
of Lake Louise as follows: "It is
impossible to tell or paint the
beautiful colors, the kaleidoscopic
change of light and shade under
such conditions. They are so
exquisite that we refuse to believe
them even in their presence; so
subtle in change, so infinite in
variety, that memory fails to
recall their varying moods. I
have seen twenty shades of green
and several of blue in the waters
of Lake Louise at one time."
It is the most perfect picture
io the vast gallery of Nature's
On the Path around Lake Louise.
'Page Sixteen KWnwwu. >.w. "j u ii wy^jiwuwwwwjwwuw^.
Chateau Lake Louise.
Charmingly situated,
on the very verge of the
water in the midst of
the evergreen wood, the
Canadian Pacific Railway has built a magnificent chateau. It is
open from June to
September, and its
Swiss guides, horses and
packers can be hired for
excursions near or far.
It affords most comfortable accommodation
and conveyances meet
every train. The rates
are $3.50 a day upward
on the American plan.
Telephone communication exists between the
station and the chalet,
and telegrams may be
sent to any part of the
The growth of interest in this wonderful
region   has   been   very
Lake Louise.
Glissading in the Canadian Rockies.
rapid. A few
years ago, about
1890, a small
log house was
sufficient to
accom modate
the visitors who
came to pay
homage to the
matchless scenery of Lake
Louise. Each
year brought
people from all
parts  of    the
earth in ever-growing numbers, and every season the accommodation
had to be increased, and the little house was soon replaced by a
larger building; wings have been added, remodeling has taken place,
and to-day is seen the splendid chalet with all its modern equipment for the comfort of guests.
A great glacier has found its w^ay down the heights at the head
of the lake, and has forced its course between and around the peaks.
For a third of the distance from the lake to the summit the ice is
entirely covered by a picturesque mass of rocks, piled in such
disorder as chance directed the ice should have them. It is a
picturesque and awe-inspiring sight, the effect of which is magnificent in the extreme.
Lake Louise lies at an elevation of 5,645 feet, and is shut
in on every side by rocky, snow-capped heights, offering a picture
of perfect peace. Mr. Edward Whymper has compared it to
Lake Oeshinen, in Switzerland, but has declared it "is more
picturesque and has more magnificent environments." It is about
a mile and a half long and a half-mile broad, while its depth is
over two hundred feet.
Two miles across the boulder-covered glacier lake there begins
On Victoria Glacier, near Lake Louise.
'Page Eighteen ^^^%vi:..    v: """ ."   - ■i*&8m^:<^
to rise southward the
forefront of the great
glaciers. Thence the ice
slants away upwards,
until it reaches a depth
of possibly five hundred
feet of solid blue and
green, to where it is
fed by continuous
avalanches from the
endless groups of enormous heights beyond.
At the upper end of this
brow rises a stern black
wall to a height of fully
half a mile, over which
the avalanches thunder.
This wall is five miles
away, yet looks to be
but one, because of the
clearness of the atmosphere.
Above this black
avalanche wall there
gradually rises, like the
roof of the universe,
the pure white snow-
field on Mount Victoria
to   a   height  of   ten   or
>Jte®M$? ■ ■"—	
Near Lake Agnes, Lakes in the Clouds.
On a Stone Slide in the Canadian Rockies.
twelve thousand
feet. Joining
with Victoria
in forming this
ice field are
the towering
heights of Lef-
roy, Beehive,
Whyte, Nib-
lock, St. Piran,
Castle Crags
and many other
lofty peaks. To
the east an upright   mountain
'Page Nineteen " r       sS     ■
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Canadian Alpine Club in Camp at Lake O'llara.
Mountain Climbing in the Canadian Rockies.
forms a perpendicular
wall of several thousand
feet. Among the many
attractions are the
Lakes in the Clouds.
Mirror Lake is
another beautiful gem.
It has no visible outlet,
the waters escaping
through an underground
channel to Lake LoLiise,
1,000 feet below. The
waters of this lake rise
or fall as the inflowing
stream pours its flood
into the lake more or
less rapidly than they
are carried off. Lake
Agnes, another of the
Lakes in the Clouds, is
situated amid scenes of
the wildest beauty. On
the side, like sentinels,
stand Mounts Whyte
and  Niblock, grim and
'Page Twenty A
silent; and the irregular
peaks, running back,
tell of violent eruption
in that great and terrible
day of upheavel far
back in the misty ages
of the earth's infancy.
A little way down the
valley Nature smiles,
not broadly, but none
the less sweetly; for
here among the mosses
are found the forget-
me - nots, the wood
anemones, the blue
bells of the Scottish
Highlands, the ferns,
the Alpine edelweiss
(the bridal flower of
the Swiss mountaineer)
and the heather, that
reminds the sons and
daughters of Bonnie
Scotland of their native
hills. It is an Alpine
garden, and the eternal
hills seem worthy guardians of this spot of
peerless beauty.
■ i
The Goal Almost Reached
The Beehive, near Lake Louisec
Mountain Climbing in the
Canadian Rockies
The Alpine Club of Canada
has done much to popularize
mountain climbing, in the
Canadian Rockies and Selkirks, by their annual camps.
Many representatives from
various other clubs frequently
visit Lake Louise and the
other mountain resorts,
where every opportunity is
afforded them to enjoy this
invigorating   and    beneficial
'Page Twenty-one THE   CHALLENGE   OF   THE    MOUNTAINS
The Great Divide, near Field, B. C.
form of recreation. Lake Louise offers a high test to mountaineering skill.
The names of many famous men have been associated with
mountain climbing. Tyndall and Leslie Stephen wrote delightful
accounts of the achievements and joys of arduous ascents. Ruskin
was converted to the charm of Alpine climbs, and wrote that "the pure
and holy hills should be treated as a link between earth and heaven."
Honorable James Bryce, British Ambassador at Washington, was
the first since Noah, it is said, to make an ascent of Mount Ararat.
There is some quality, in short, of remoteness and effort, of
aiming at some distant goal which can be attained only by mastery
of one's self and the fastnesses of Nature, that exercises an irresistible
fascination in the case of resolute and well-endowed persons.
"Mountain climbing is not a dangerous pastime, but a
beneficial recreation which has no age limit, and, within proper
limitations, is conducive to health and an aid to digestion."—
Dr. J. C. Yonge, New York.
The valley of the Ten Peaks extends parallel to Paradise Valley,
on the other side of Mount Temple.    In it is Moraine Lake, two
,. ;.
'Page Twenty-two THE   CHALLENGE   OF   THE    MOUNTAINS
miles long and half a mile wide, in which there is grey trout.
The Government has recently constructed a splendid carriage road
from Lake Louise to Moraine Lake.
Six miles from Laggan the summit of the Rockies is reached,
and the Great Divide is passed, 5,296 feet above sea level. It is
marked by a rustic arch spanning a stream, under which the waters
divide, by one of those curious freaks with which Nature occasionally
diverts herself, into two little brooks which have curiously different
fates, though they have a common origin. The waters that deviate
to the east eventually mingle with the ice-cold tides of Hudson
Bay, while the rivulet that turns to the west adds its mite to the
volume of the Pacific.
Between Hector, near the summit of the Rockies, and Field,
at the base of Mount Stephen, is one of the greatest engineering
feats of this century. To reduce the steep grade on the western
slope of the Rockies, the line has been lengthened from a little
over four miles, to eight and one-fifth miles, or in other words
the grade on this portion of the line is reduced about one-half,
and the road is made twice as long.
Coming from the east the road first enters the western corkscrew
Spiral Tunnels in the Canadian Rockies near Field, B. C.
'Page Twenty-three .WiJ^WW^W^SW^-^WAy^WA*
M.U.WAMW-W -11* "* «1^*^
tunnel of 3,200 feet, under Cathedral Mountain. Emerging from the
tunnel twist the track runs back east across the Kicking Horse
River, and then enters the eastern spiral tunnel of 2,910 feet under
Wapta Mountain, and after describing an elliptic curve emerges to
again cross the Kicking Horse westward. The whole thing is a perfect maze, the railway doubling back upon itself twice, tunneling
under mountains and crossing the river twice in order to cut down
the grade.
Spiral Tunnels in the Canadian Rockies near Field, B. C
'Page Twenty-four *^A^Vn-*S*iNV*W^W^Y^»'
Length of two tunnels, 1% miles; length of cutting, outside of
tunnels, 7 miles; increase in length of track, 4^ miles; reduction in
grade, from 4.5 to 2.2; approximate cost of work, $1,500,000; number
of men employed, about 1,000, with complete outfit of steam equipment. Time of work, twenty months, from October, 1907, to July,
1909; rock removed, about 650,000 cubic yards; 75 carloads of
dynamite used. The cost of this quantity of explosives alone came
to over $250,000. This new construction not only reduces a heavy
grade, but adds greatly to the scenic effects to be obtained from the
Cathedral Peak, from Line of the Canadian Pacific Railway.
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'Page Twenty-five ;=ais&WftWft;s£$Sxft
passing trains. On the higher track excellent vistas are afforded of
the Yoho Valley, lying to the north, and from the lower track
Cathedral Mountain and Mount Stephen stand out in bold relief in
all their immensity and grandeur.
Stephen, the most elevated station on the Canadian Pacific
Railway line, takes its name from the first president of the company,
Lord Mount Stephen, while the next on the westward slope, Hector,
recalls Sir James Hector.
Near Mount Stephen, in the Canadian Rockies.
'Page Twenty-six FIELD-    EMEITALD     LAKE
AT Field the Kicking Horse River, for a short distance, flows
across broad, level flats that are only covered when the
water is high. The place itself is a prosperous little village,
but is dwarfed into insignificance by the splendid mountains
that hem it in. On one side is Mount Burgess; on the other
Mount Stephen, one of the grandest of all the Rockies. Field
is the gateway of the wonderful Yoho Valley, and the headquarters for mountaineers of the more ambitious type.     Here is
-    <'*S&-
Field, B. C, and Mount Stephen House, of Canadian Pacific Hotel System.
a&fBBQm .a   m
'Page Twenty-seven wwgf'wswwy^^ u i*. ■. wBBBWwaswwwww.
'"-. ".'■;. -"^sssssssiw
Field, B. C, and Mount Stephen.
located  the spacious and  comfortable  Mount Stephen  House of
the Canadian Pacific Hotel System.
'Page Twenty-eight
I- Homt
This hotel enjoys a
splendid reputation for its
service, and guests will find
here one of the most interesting and enjoyable resorts
in the mountains.
Looking from the
shoulder of Mount Burgess
or Mount Stephen the valley
seems narrow, the river a
mere stream, and the dwellings in the village dolls'
houses. From below, Mount
Stephen fills all the view;
so rounded, so symmetrical,
the spectator hardly realizes
at first that he has before
him a rock mass towering
10,000 feet above sea level
and 6,500 feet above the
Approach to Field Chalet.
.-.■-. ™..-.-.v,trfcmlV.-vrr. ■.■-■'.- ■ "            ■       -. -  ,~ .. t.A..rv-UFOT..m... ..y.OFt .    ............
The Snow Peak Avenue Road from Field to Emerald Lake
'Page Twenty-nine THE   CHALLENGE   OF   THE    MOUNTAINS
I -
' '-   ,
Swiss guides are stationed
at the hotel, and will help
the ambitious to climb the
heights. The lower slopes
of the mountain have one
spot well worth visiting, the
fossil bed, where for 150 yards
the side of the mountain, for
a height of 300 or 400 feet,
has slid forward and broken
into a number of shaly,
shelving limestone slabs,
exposing innumerable fossils.
From Field is a delightful
drive of seven miles round
the spurs of Mount Burgess
to the beautiful Emerald
Lake. The road leads through
a splendid spruce forest. In
one place the road has been
On the Trail in Yoho Valley.
cut straight
as an arrow
Balcony of Emerald Lake Chalet.
a mile in length; Snow Peak Avenue this stretch is called. At
Emerald Lake is a charming chalet; operated by the Canadian
Pacific Railway where tourists may find excellent accommodation
at the very entrance to the wonderful Yoho Valley.
One of the most interesting of the short excursions to be made
from Field is a walk of two and a half miles to the Natural Bridge,
spanning the Kicking Horse River. This bridge was formed by
the action of the water of the river itself on the soft limestone rock.
Emerald Lake is one of the most fascinating spots in this
wonderful mountain region. Replete with lovely pictures, the
coloring of Emerald Lake is rich and vivid, the contrast between
the water and the trees being very striking.
Emerald Lake is half way to the Yoho Valley, one of the most
beautiful mountain valleys in the world.
It is a most delightful experience to ride from Emerald Lake
through   the   Yoho   Valley  and   stay  at   the   comfortable   camps
Emerald Lake, B. C
Takakkaw Falls, Yoho Valley, near Field, B. C.
provided by the Canadian Pacific Railway Company for tourists.
Every person who has taken this trip is enthusiastic regarding the
many beautiful sights and scenes visited. On this riding trip will
be seen mighty glaciers, their surface lit up and flecked with many
hues in the sunlight, and charming cascades, their waters leaping,
in a filmy, thread-like line, 800 feet or more. Thick woods shut
out the summit of the pass, but part asunder to grant a glimpse of
Summit Lake, a stretch of water 1,800 feet above Emerald Lake.
The Canadian Rockies excel all other places for a camping
trip, because there is so much to see that is interesting, novel and
exhilarating. Blessed, indeed, are those that can get away from the
turmoil of the city and spend some time among these matchless
mountains and see Nature in all her grandeur of towering peaks
and glistening glacier, wild and weird canyons, picturesque mountain
lakes and tarns, spacious valleys and enchanting streams. The
camps in the Yoho Valley are models of comfort.
A short distance from Emerald Lake, Lookotit Point is
reached, where a superb view of the celebrated Takakkaw Falls,
the highest cataract in America, is obtained. Eight times as
high as Niagara (1,200 feet), it compares with anything in the
Yosemite Valley.
'Page Thirty-two THE   CHALLENGE   OF   THE    MOUNTAINS
All up the valley other cascades are seen or heard. The hills
are crowned with glaciers, and the water melted from them seeks
the shortest way to the valley, even at the cost of a plunge of
hundreds of feet. Perhaps the most fascinating are the Laughing
Falls. Their leap is only 200 feet, but their waters seem to laugh
with glee as they go, and their milk-white flood smiles delightfully
through the dark evergreens around. Further up the valley, on
the left branch of the forked stream, are the Twin Falls, an almost
unique phenomenon, and as beautiful as it is unexpected.
The excellent camps and good trails of the Yoho Valley make
this one of the most delightful mountain rides in America. But
there is sterner scenery than any the waterfalls present along the
Yoho Valley. A great glacier, too, far larger even than the famous
Illecillewaet Glacier of the Selkirks, overhangs the right-hand fork of
the valley. The Wapta Glacier, as it is named, is part of the great
Waputekh ice field guarded by Mounf Gordon, Mount Balfour and
the broken crags of Trolltinderne (The Elfin's Crown).
At the forks of the Yoho Valley another shelter has been provided for visitors and there are many who will take advantage of it.
The trip round the valley from Emerald Lake can be made in a day.
The return to Field may be varied by crossing the Burgess
Pass, which is unquestionably one of the finest mountain rides in
the world, and should be taken by every lover of mountain scenery.
Emerald Lake from Chalet.
'Page Thirty-three THE  CHALLENGE   OF   THE    MOUNTAINS
View from Emerald Lake Chalet.
From this lofty trail Emerald Lake is seen thousands of feet below,
with the Emerald Range rising beyond, while on the other hand
Mounts Cathedral, Stephen and Dennis and the Ottertail Range
excite admiration. From this eminence a zig-zag path leads down
by easy stages to Mount Stephen House.
During the past year the carriage road from Field up the Yoho
Valley, leading to Takakkaw Falls, was completed. The most
difficult portions of the road—a couple of switch-backs—were put
in to make the grade of the ascent easier. From the summit of the
second switch-back a magnificent view of the river valley below and
Cathedral Mountain in the background is obtained. From this
point it is intended to construct a foot-path through the undergrowth to the river canyon, about one hundred yards distant, and to
have a number of rustic seats placed for the convenience and accommodation of tourists who will avail themselves of the opportunity of
visiting this wonderful view. Tourists from all parts of the world
have pronounced this valley one of the most beautiful they had ever
seen and the carriage road one of the best of mountain roads.
'Page Thirty-four T       GLACIER     HOUSE        T
N^ ESTLING in a niche of the narrow valley, a few rods from
the   railway,   and  surrounded   by  the   beautiful   evergreen
_ trees that everywhere thrive in this region, is a charming
hotel, the Glacier House, which has become so popular that
the Canadian Pacific Railway Company has found it necessary
to enlarge the original structure, and erect new buildings. General
Hamilton wrote in the guests' book at the hotel: "My wife and I
have travelled for nearly forty years all over the world, and are
both agreed the scenery at Glacier House is the finest we have
seen in Europe, Asia, Africa or America."
First to attract the tourist is the Great Glacier of the Selkirks,
which crowds its tremendous head down the mountain gorge,
within thirty minutes' walk of the hotel. At the left Sir Donald
rears his mighty peak more than a. mile and a half above the railway.
Glacier House, Glacier, B. C
'Page Thirty-five THE   CHALLENGE   OF   THE    MOUNTAINS
A mountain rivulet rushes down the abruptly rocky sides of the
mountain opposite the hotel, and a trail has been cut up the steep
incline to a spot beside the rtishing stream where a rustic summer
house has been erected. The effect is novel and pleasing. The
waters from this stream have been utilized to supply the hotel
and fountains that play in the foreground. All the streams here
are simply ice water from the glaciers. A tower has been erected
near the annex of the hotel, on which is a large telescope commanding a view of the great glacier and surrounding objects. As
one alights here a feeling of restfulness comes over him. Everything conspires to a feeling that all the cares and rush of the business
world are shut out by the great mountain. The trees, the streams,
and even the mountains speak of peace and quiet.
The Great Glacier is nearly two miles from the hotel, but among
such gigantic surroundings looks much nearer. It is the centre of
a group of glaciers embracing more than one hundred and fifty-
seven square miles, and the hoary head seen from the hotel is one
of several outlets.    The great ice peaks and glaciers are truly an
The Great Glacier at Glacier, B. C
'Page Thirty-six [MM.Jl«A'\*^W,
interesting study. They intensify
the gloomy thick clouds, and
burst into glittering silver when
the sun shines on them. Later
they are robed in the gorgeous
colors of the evening; and in
the mysterious silent night the
moon and the stars look down
to see their faces in their glassy
The Illecillewaet Glacier, like
nearly every other observed
glacier in the world, is receding.
It is reckoned that the sun drives
it back on the average thirty-five
feet a year, recovering this much
from the bonds of ice. However,
after the ice is gone, the moraine
remains, and it will be many
centuries before the great rocks
carried down by the glacier are reduced to dust, and the land thus
reclaimed supports renewed vegetation.
Mount Kerr.
Illecillewaet Valley, from Summer Llouse, Glacier, B. C.
*Page Thirty-seven THE   CHALLENGE   OF   THE    MOUNTAINS
A'-■,'■■;■.'■ fAAA-
Starting Out for the Great Glacier.
From Glacier House other expeditions of great interest may be
made. One trail leads first to the shores of Marion Lake, 1,750
feet above, and two miles distant from the hotel, where a shelter
is erected. Splendid views are obtained, on the way, of the range
from Eagle Peak to Sir Donald, and a path strikes off for Observation Point, where another shelter is built for those who would dwell
on the glories of Rogers' Pass to the northeast and the Illecillewaet
Valley to the west. Mount Abbott is a day's climb, but it is an
easy one, and should be undertaken by all, for from it a splendid
view is obtained of the Asulkan Valley.
From Observation Point an extremely fine view is obtained
down the Illecillewaet Valley, along the precipitous sides of which
the track makes a descent of 522 feet in seven miles. This feat
taxed to the utmost the skill of the engineers, and they accomplished
it .by means of the famous Loops of the Selkirks, a winding course
which the railway has to follow.
First, the track crosses a valley leading from Mount Bonney
Glacier.    Then it touches, for a moment, the base of Ross Peak.
'Page Thirty-eight "tS&SWWWIwliwS^W
It doubles back to the right for a mile or more and so close are the
tracks that a stone might be tossed from one to the other. Next it
sweeps around and reaches the slope of Mount Cougar, on the other
side of the Illecillewaet, but it has to cross the stream once more
before it finally finds a way parallel to the general trend of the
valley. The line has made a double "S" in its course, and has
cut two long gashes on the mountain side, one above the other.
Twenty-two "miles from Glacier, the Illecillewaet River runs
through the Albert Canyon, a gorge so marvellous that several of
the regular trains stop for a few minutes to allow passengers to see
its wonders.
These great caves, which were discovered by Charles H.
Deutschman, are situated about six miles from Glacier, B. C,
at the head of a beautiful valley, the altitude being 1,980 feet from
the track and above the snow line. The wonderful caverns are
formed by the action of water for ages upon the solid rock, and
'»                 |
«&,   i
S 1
d. e^ya'
M        A&f
AsAw'. sis.
.  ..:::''■■■■-.:■'■■■■■
Marion Lake, near Glacier, B. C.
'Page Thirty-nine THE   CHALLENGE   OF   THE    MOUNTAINS
The Ice Cave, Glacier, B. C.
are a series of chambers with
large entrances, the ceilings being
polished rock, and varying in
weight. The main chamber is
about 200 feet in height, with a
varying width of from 150 to 200
feet. The walls sparkle with the
quartz crystals, and myriads of
miniature lights are reflected
from the darkness. In other parts
the walls are smooth as marble,
the harder portions of the formation showing like the rounded
pillars of a cathedral dome. No
evidence has so far been discovered that any portion of
these caverns has ever been used
as the habitation of human
beings. A visit to these remarkable caves is an interesting day's
trip from Glacier, as the scenery
from the trail is grand beyond description.
The following tribute to the Canadian Rockies by Sir Martin
Conway, one of the most noted travellers, and probably the best
authority on mountains in the world, needs no comment. "The
common but erroneous opinion seems to be that all mountain
scenery is very much alike; as a matter of fact, there is the widest
possible diversity in the character of mountain scenery in different
parts of the world. Mountains, wherever you find them, have
qualities of their own; there is an immense variety of type and of
charm, but in all this variety of beauty of mountain scenery there
are no mountains which combine grace, and, at the same time,
boldness of form with forest and with water more beautifully
blended than the Canadian Rockies."
What is it in these mighty peaks that draws from eighty to
one hundred thousand people every summer from all parts of
the world to the Canadian Rockies and implants in the
heart of every one of them a desire to come again? The strange
magical beauty of this region grows upon each visitor. Here
seems to be left behind the hurry and unrest of the business world,
and a strange content takes possession of one, and you
recall the cares that fretted a few short days ago, and you smile
at your folly as you look upon the sublime heights that stand
unmoved by time.
'Page Forty
The Canadian Rockies appeal
strongest in the summer months,
when in most American cities the
sun is beating mercilessly down
during the long torrid days; then
"flee to the Mountains" for that
refreshing balm to tired minds
and jaded nerves, where the
exhilarating air imbues all with
new life and energy.
The Canadian Rockies are
also unique for their abnormally
high percentage of sunny days,
their corresponding minimum of
rain, and the entire absence of
foggy or misty weather and dew.
From the 1st of June to the 1st
of October there is practically
no rain, except passing showers
of short duration, preceded and
succeeded by bright sunshine.
No greater contrast is it possible for mortals to enjoy than:
from the city with its noisy
rushing tumult, and the smoky,
dusty, hot streets, prosy stores
and dwellings, where man and
mammon reign, to the Canadian
Rockies, with their ambient air,
blue skies, fleecy clouds that olt
obscure the giant peaks, emerald
lakes and rushing streams of
clear pure water. The mountains, from time immemorial,
have always been an inspiration
to mankind to higher thoughts,
where he is impressed with the
magnitude of the works of Nature,
and the insignificance of the
works of man; and inspired to
higher ideals and loftier purposes
in life. They speak not of the
frivolous, gay and fleeting, but o
Mount Sir Donald, near Glacier, B. C,
f strength,  majesty,  power and
Everywhere in the mountains the visitor finds himself in
strange surroundings, and over all stand the majestic snow-tipped
peaks, ever extending a challenge to the newcomer to scale the
granite barrier and view a new world, with its endless combinations
of light and shade, parks and passes and gorges, always pervaded
by a clear electric atmosphere, which is a revelation to persons
accustomed to living in the close, damp air of the lower altitudes.
These mountain fastnesses will ever remain a game preserve for
the grizzly, cinnamon and black bear, the mountain sheep (big
horn), the mountain goat, the puma or mountain lion, the moose,
elk, cariboti, and various species of smaller deer, wolverine, a
great variety of smaller fur-bearing animals, and a vast natural
park, where man can find Nature as it passes from the Creator,
untarnished by the hand of man. Succeeding generations of the
children of men will gaze upon these majestic mountains, whose
peaks of eternal ice tower above the clouds that would hide the sun;
and will look with awe at the wild canyons and mountain torrents;
and will behold with ecstacy the many scenes of Edenic beauty,
too sacred to remain in the gaze of the multitude, but "sought
out by all those who have pleasure therein."
The Canadian Government is entitled to the gratitude of the
people for the continuation of their policy of developing this National
Park, which hitherto has contributed so largely to the enjoyment of
not only Canadian citizens but of visitors from almost every part of
the world, who thus have been enabled to form some idea of the
magnitude and magnificence of the Canadian Rockies.
Sicamous Hotel, Sicamous Jet.,
Canadian Pacific Hotel System.
'Page Forty-two ^s*^^^^^w»Ss^w
REVELSTOKE is an important centre; from it there is water
communication with the rich Kootenay and Boundary
districts. It is on the Columbia River, which has made a
great bend since the train crossed it at Donald and flowing
now south instead of north, is much increased in size. Twenty-
eight miles below Revelstoke it expands into the Arrow Lakes,
at Arrowhead, and from there well-appointed Canadian Pacific
Railway steamboats carry travellers to Nakusp and Robson from
which the Slocan, Kootenay, Boundary and Rossland districts
are reached.
Down the Arrow Lakes the steamer plies to Nakusp and
Robson, passing, near the head of the lakes, the famous Halcyon
Hot Springs. This is a favorite summer resort, having a good
hotel, while opposite is Halcyon Peak, 10,400 feet high, and several
fine waterfalls.    A spur of the Canadian Pacific Railway connects it
dV «ddd'ee.-e
Kootenay Landing, B. C, where Train and Ship Meet.
'Page Forty-three THE  CHALLENGE   OF   THE    MOUNTAINS
A Kootenay Trout.
with Sandon, on Slocan Lake, in the centre of the silver-lead district,
and with Rosebery, to join the steamer that plies down the lake to
Slocan City. Here again the rails begin and communicate with
Robson, at the end of the Lower Arrow on the west, and with
Nelson, on an arm of Kootenay Lake, on the east.
The Arrow Lakes steamer has also come the full length from
Robson, 165 miles through splendid mountain scenery, while from
Robson trains run over a short but important line to Trail and
Rossland, through one of the richest mining regions in the world.
Yet another branch from Robson has been constructed through
the Boundary district to Midway and opens up another prosperous
mining locality. *
The Crows' Nest Branch of the Canadian Pacific Railway ends
at Kootenay Landing, and from there to Nelson there is communication by Canadian Pacific Railway steamer. At Balfour, near
Nelson, the Canadian Pacific have erected a hotel for tourists, as this
district has great natural beauty. A steamboat line has been
established from Nelson up Kootenay Lake to Lardo, whence an
isolated branch of railway runs thirty-two miles north to Gerrard,
and a steamer plies across Trout Lake to Trout Lake City, a matter
of seventeen miles, so that every part of Southern British Columbia
may be visited. This is a charming country, which is growing
each season in popularity; attracting, by its many charms of lake
and   mountain,   tourists   who   love   the   fertile   stretches   in   the
'Page Forty-four THE   CHALLENGE   OF   THE    MOUNTAINS
beautiful valleys, with their nestling fruit farms and the presence
of population and industry.
Nelson, the chief city in the Kootenay district, is situated at
an altitude of 1,760 feet above the sea level and on the south shore
of a splendid stretch of water. It is a charming city to visit and
has many attractions, including excellent rainbow trout fishing to
offer to anglers.
The Kootenay District has not only singular beauty of its own,
but it is also attaining a splendid reputation as a fruit-growing
section. Around Nelson are produced splendid apples, plums,
cherries and small fruits in large quantities and of delicious flavor.
The climate is much milder than in the Canadian Rockies to the
north, and the soil is apparently ideal for fruit culture.
Many tourists are now taking the Kootenay trip as an alternative route to the Pacific Coast, and thus seeing Canada's mountains
under varying conditions, as the Kootenay has not the rugged
grandeur of the Canadian Rockies, but a different fascinating beauty
of valley, lake and mountain that appeals because of its varied
general attractiveness.    Few districts so well repay a visit.
At Yale is felt the balmy air of   the   Pacific.    At Spence's
Main Street, Nelson, B. C.
Bridge is a curious Indian cemetery. At Agassiz is a fine Government experimental fruit farm, while five miles away to the north
is Harrison Lake, a beautiful spot, with its hot sulphur springs,
the visitors to which will find good accommodation at Harrison
Springs Hotel.
At Mission Junction the branch line runs to the international
boundary, and there joins the Northern Pacific Railroad. By this
route Seattle is reached and connection with the Shasta Route for
San Francisco and all the Pacific States. The main line, however,
keeps on past Westminster Junction (where a branch line leads
to Westminster), and arrives at the terminus of the Canadian Pacific
Railway at Vancouver.
Vancouver, on the shores of Burrard Inlet, is the largest city
in British Columbia, and has one of the finest harbors, on the
Pacific. The many attractions of Vancouver, and the splendid
service of the Canadian Pacific Railway Hotel Vancouver, offer
many inducements to visit the numerous points of interest from
here. The Canadian Pacific Railway Company's Empresses transport passengers swiftly and comfortably to Japan or China. The
Canadian-Australian line runs regularly to Honolulu, Fiji, Australia
and  New Zealand; while  if such  long journeys are  not desired,
Yale, B. C, and Fraser River.
Page Forty-six s&wS&siiwwSSSss
Hotel Vancouver,
Canadian Pacific Llotel System.
take a Canadian Pacific Railway steamer to Victoria, on Vancouver
Island, or the attractive coasting trip to British Columbia points
and Alaska.
A few hours' steam from Vancouver is Victoria, the capital of
British Columbia. Across the Straits of Georgia ply daily the
Canadian Pacific Railway steamers "Princess Victoria" and
"Princess Charlotte," of the Vancouver-Victoria-Seattle service,
passing through an archipelago of small islands, comparable to
the Thousand Islands of the St. Lawrence, though with infinitely
finer timber.
The inland waterways connecting with Burrard Inlet afford
splendid facilities for short excursion trips to nearby camping
grounds and pleasure resorts. Across the Inlet, close to the City
of North Vancouver, are fishing streams, mountain trails, and
splendid roadways, leading to scenic features of remarkable beauty.
Victoria itself is a city of lovely homes and the seat of the Provincial Government, its Parliament building being one of the handsomest edifices on the continent. This city is of singular beauty
and has a population of over 30,000. The magnificent Empress
Hotel, the latest addition to the splendid Canadian Pacific Hotel
System, overlooks the harbor, and for situation and appointments
is acknowledged to be one of the finest hotels on the Pacific Coast.
cPa-~e Forty-seven THE   CHALLENGE   OF   THE    MOUNTAINS
Beacon Hill Park, 300 acres in extent, is no less beautiful than
Stanley Park of Vancouver. Numerous other attractions are offered
to visitors, including splendid drives, golf and other sports.
The Parliament Building, at Victoria, is acknowledged to be one
of the handsomest and most imposing structures on the continent.
It is one of the first sights to catch the visitor's eye as he enters the
harbor of Victoria. It stands amid spacious and beautifully-kept
lawns, the vivid green of which testifies to the mildness of the climate.
In the Parliament Buildings there are three distinct Museums,
namely: in the Agricultural Department, the Mines Department,
and in a wing solely devoted to this purpose, there is what is known
as the Provincial Museum. This latter contains a most interesting
collection of British Columbia fossils, Indian curios and specimens
of natural history, and it is said by experts to be one of the most
perfect collections, of its kind, in America.
The Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway, from Victoria, has some
very interesting scenery to offer tourists, as well as excellent fishing
and hunting resorts.
From Victoria connections can be made by steamers with all
parts of the world.
i i •
;   ■    : ". ■
-    B
&s&sji   iifPa&i
mm m
mm ■ i MSm
-    r   ■
Empress Hotel, Victoria, B. C.
Page Forty-eight R
/  Part- of"Rocky Mountains Map"published by l-he
Chief Geographer's offiice, Deparhmenr of Hie In. Canadian Pacific Railway
Adelaide... .South Aus
Antwerp Belgium
Auckland N. Z
Baltimore Md
Battle Creek Mich.
Bellingham Wash.
Berlin German y
Bombay India
Boston Mass.
Brandon Man
Brisbane Qd
Bristol Eng.
Brussels Belgium.
Buffalo N.Y.
Calcutta India
Calgary Alta .
Canton China.
Chicago  .III.
Cincinnati   Ohio.
leveland Ohio.
c ■ ogne Germany .
^olomb > Ceylon.
Xetroit  Mich.
Duluth Minn
Frankfort Germany.
Glasgow Scotland.
Halifax  N. S.
Hamb Ag Germany.
Hamilton Ont.
Hobart Tasmania.
Honolulu H. I.
Kansas City Mo.
Kobe Japan.
.Liverpool Eng.
London Eng.
London Ont .
Los Angeles Cal.
Madrid  .Spain.
Melbourne Aus.
Minneapolis Minn.
Montreal Que.
Moscow Russia
Nelson B. O.
New York N.Y.
Niagara Falls N.Y.
Nice France.
Ottawa Ont.
Pa   s France.
Philadelphia Pa.
Pittsburg Pa.
Portland Me .
Portland Ore .
Quebec Que.
Rome Italy
Sault Ste. Marie. .Mich.
St. John N. B.
St. Louis Mo
St. Paul Minn.
St. Petersburg..Russia.
San Francisco Cal.
Seattle Wash.
Shanghai China.
Spokane Wash.
Suva  Fiji.
Sydney  Aus.
Tacoma. Wash.
Toronto Ont .
Vancouver B. O.
Victoria .... B. C.
Warsaw Russia.
Washington D. C.
Winnipeg Man.
Yokohama Japan
..Australasian United Steam Nav. Co., Ltd	
..Thos. McNeil, Agent 25Quai Jordaens
.Union S. S. Oo. of New Zealand, Ltd	
..A. W. Robson, Passenger and Ticket Agent 127 East Baltimore St.
. E. O. Oviatt, Travelling Passenger Agent  363 Lake Ave.
.W. H. Gordon, Passenger Agent 113 West Holly St.
.. International Sleeping Car Co 69 Unter den Linden
. .Thos. Cook & Son, Ewart Latham & Co	
. F. R. Perry, District Passenger Agent 382 Washington St.
. G. A. Titcomb, City Passenger Agent	
.. J. E. Proctor, District Passenger Agent	
.The British. India and Queensland Agency Co., Ltd....
.A. S. Ray, Agent 18 St. Augustine's Parade
.Thos. Cook & Son 41 Rue de la Madeleine
. .International Sleeping Car Co Nord Station
.G. H. Griffin, City Passenger Agent 233 Main St.
.. Thos. Cook & Son 9 Old Court House St.
. Gillanders, Arbuthnot & Co 	
.R. G. McNeillie, District Passenger Agent	
. Jardine, Matheson & Co    	
.A. B. Calder, General Agent, Passenger Department ..224S. Clark St.
.A. J. Blaisdell, General Agdiit, Passenger Department 436 Walnut St.
.Geo. A. Clifford, City Passenger Agent......Cor. Superior and WTest Third Sts.
.Thos. Cook & Son 1 Domhof
.International Sleeping Car Co Central Station
.Thos. Cook & Son, Bois Brothers & Co	
.A. E. Edmonds, District Passenger Agent 7 Fort Street W.
.M. Adson, Gen. Passr. Agt., D. S. S. & A. Ry Manhattan Bldg.
.International Sleeping Car Co 17 Kaiserstrasse
.Thomas Russell, Agent ..120 St. Vincent St.
.J. D. Chipman, City Passenger and Freight Agent 37 George St.
.C. F. A. Flugge, Agent 8 Alsterdam
. W. J. Grant, Commercial Agent Cor. King and James Sts.
.Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand, Ltd	
.D. W. Craddock, General Traffic Agent, China, etc	
.Theo. H. Davies & Co., Ltd	
.Ed Merchant, Travelling Passenger Agent 441 Sheidley Bldg.
.J. Rankin, Agent 14 A. Maye-Maehi
.F. W. Forster, Agent  24 James St.
.H. S. Carmichael, General Passenger Agent 62-65 Charing Cross S. W.
,T. J. Smith, General Freight Agent....: 67-68 King William St. E. C.
. W. Fulton, City Passenger Agent 161 Dundas St.
.A. A. Polhamus, General Agent, Passenger Department..609 South Spring St.
.Thos. Cook & Son 30 Calle de Arena
.International Sleeping Car Co  18 Calle de Alcala, Equitable Bldg.
. Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand, Ltd	
.R. S. Elworthy, Passenger Agent, Soo Line 410 Nicollet Ave.
.A. E. Lalande, City Passenger Agent 218 St. James St.
.International Sleeping Car Co Hotel Metropole
. W. J. Wells, District Passenger Agent	
.Allan Cameron, General Traffic Agent 458 Broadway
International Sleeping Car Co 281 Fifth Ave.
.D. Isaacs, Agent Prospect House
. Thos. Cook & Son 16 Avenue Massena
.International Sleeping Car Co 2 Avenue Massena
. George Duncan, City Passenger Agent 42 Sparks St.
.Aug. Catoni, Agent 1 Rue Scribe
.Thos. Cook & Son 1 Place d'Opera
.F. W. Huntington, General Agent, Passenger Dept 629-631 Chestnut St.
.0. L. Williams, General Agent, Passenger Department 340 Sixth Ave.
.F. R. Barrett, Ticket Agent, Maine Central Railroad.. Union Depot
.F. R. Johnston, General Agent, Passenger Department 142 Third St.
.G. J. P. Moore, City Passenger Agent..........30 St. John St., cor. Palace Hill
..Thos. Cook & Son 54Pinzza Esedra di Termini
.International Sleeping Car Co 93 Piazza San Silvestro
. W. J. Atchison, City Passr. Agt.; W. C, Sutherland Depot Ticket Agent
.W. B. Howard, District Passenger Agent   8 King St.
.T. J. Barnes, City Passenger Agent  725 Olive St.
.L. M. Harmsen, City Ticket Agent, Soo Line 379 Robert St.
.International Sleeping Gar Co  5 Perspective Newsky
. G. M. Jackson, G. A. P. D.: J. H. Gri ffin D. F A. .645 Market St., Palace Hotel
.E. E. Penn, General Agent, Passenger Department 713 Second Ave.
.A. R. Owen, Agent	
. G. A. Walton, General Asrent, Passenger Department ., 14 Wall St.
.Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand, Ltd.	
.Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand, Ltd 	
.C. H. Reade, Passenger Agent 1113 Pacific Ave.
.R. L. Thompson, District Passenger Agent. 16 King St., East
.H. W. Brodie, General  Passenger Agent; J. Moe, City Ticket Agent.
. L. D. Chetham, City Passenger Agent 1102 Government St.
.International Sleeping Car Co „...! Hotel Bristol
.A.L.Powell, C. F. & P. A Bond Bldg., 14th St. and New York Ave.
. C. B. Foster, General Passenger Agent	
. A. G. Richardson, City Passenger Agent Cor. Main St. and Portage Ave.
. W. T. Payne, Manager Trans-Pacific Line 14 Bund
Messrs. THOS. COOK & SON, Tourist Agents, with offices in all parts of the world, are agents
of the Canadian Pacific Railway, and can supply tickets and information. US


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