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Uniform code of operating rules, no: 6 Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1950

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 UNIFORM CODE OF OPERATING RULES
NO. 6 Uniform code of opemting rules no. 6
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A. FOCUS
B. BEAM
1. CANADIAN PACIFIC PRESENTS
CANADIAN PACIFIC PRESENTS TILE PORTION OF THE UNIFORM CODE
OF OPERATING RULES DEALING WITH SWITCHING, THE APPROACH
TO THE MD OF TWO OR MORE TRACKS, RAILROAD CROSSINGS AT
GRADE, DRATORIDGES MD JMCTIONS.
2. U.C.O.R. NO. 6
THIS FILM STRIP WILL BE MOM AS U.C.O.R. NO. 6.
V RULES 95, 93A, 98 MD 105 SUPERIMPOSED
IT DEALS SPECIFICALLY WITH RULES 93, 93A, 98 AND 105.
4, RULE 93
O SETTING OUT MD LIFTING CARS, BUILDING AND DISMANTLING
TRAINS REQUIRE MOVEMENTS THAT ARE IMPORTANT IN THE OPERATION
OF A RAILWAY.  IF ALL OF THESE MOVEMENTS COULD BE CONFINED
TO YARD TRACKS, THERE WOULD BE FEW PROBLEMS.  BUT IN MANY
CASES THE MAIN TRACK MUST BE USED.  BECAUSE THE MAIN TRACK
IS NOT PMT OF A YARD, RULES FOR THE USE OF MAIN TRACKS ARE
NECESSARY.  SUCH A RULE IS RULE 93.
5. RULE 95 QUOTED
IT READS:  "WITHIN YARD LIMITS THE MAIN TRACK MAY BE USED
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CLEARING THE TIME OF FIRST MD SECOND CLASS TRAINS AT THE
NEXT STATION MERE TIME IS SHOM.  PROTECTION AGAINST THIRD
CLASS, FOURTH CLASS, EXTM TMINS AND ENGINES IS NOT REQUIRED."
6. PIX OF YARD LIMITS
YMD LIMITS ME DEFINED AS THAT PORTION OF THE MAIN TRACK
OR MAIN TRACKS WITHIN LIMITS DEFINED BY YMD LIMIT SIGNS,
NOTE THE TWO SIGNS MARKED YARD LIMITS ON THIS DIAGRAM.
7. TIMETABLE SHOWING Z AT OLDS
WHETHER OR NOT YARD LIMITS ARE LOCATED AT A STATION WILL
ALSO BE INDICATED IN THE TIMETABLE.  NOTE THE LETTER "Z"
IS SHOM OPPOSITE THE STATION NAMED OLDS.  THIS MEMS TMRE
ARE YARD LIMITS AT OLDS.
8. TIMETABLE 'CLASS'
TMINS TMT ARE FIRST AND SECOND CLASS WILL ALSO BE SHOM
IN THE TIMETABLE.  NOTE THE WAY IN MICH CLaSS IS INDICATED.
NO:  304 IS A FIRST CLASS TRAIN.
9. TIMETABLE TIMES
MD THIS AMOW POINTS TO THE TIME NO: 304'S SCHEDULE SHOWS
IT DUE AT THE NEXT STATION TO OLDS, IN THIS CASE, NETOOK.
IT IS MEN THIS TRAIN BECOMES OVERDUE ON THIS SCHEDULE THAT
IT MUST BE CLEARED BY MY SWITCHING MOVEMENT ON THE MAIN
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TRACK IN YARD LIMITS AT OLDS.  WHERE SECOND CLASS TRAINS ARE
RUN, THEY MUST BE CLEARED IN EMCTLY THE SAME MMNER.
10. TRaIN IN SIDING
WHM A TRAIN HAS. BECOME OVERDUE ON ITS SCHEDULE, IT MAY
HAM ARRIVED OR LEFT.  MEN A POTENTIAL MOVEMENT TO A MAIN
TRaCK IS ABLE TO IDENTIFY THE TRAIN, AS WOULD BE THE CASE
HERE, THERE IS NO PROBELM.  WHERE IT MS NOT BEEN POSSIBLE
TO IDENTIFY THE TRaIN, MY MOVEMENT ABOUT TO ENTER THE MAIN
TRACK ON AUTHORITY OF RULE 93 MUST FIRST ASCERTAIN WHETHER
THE TRAIN HAS ARRIVED OR LEFT.
11. TRaIN REGISTER
ANOTHER WAY OF ASCERTAINING IS TO CHECK THE ENTRIES IN A
TRAIN REGISTER.  FOR PURPOSES OF THIS EXPLANATION LET'S
ASSUME A TRaIN REGISTER IS LOCATED AT OLDS.  IF THE TIME
TABLE SHOWS A TRAIN OVERDUE, AND IT IS ENTERED IN THE TMIN
REGISTER AS NO. 304 IS HERE, IT HAS MRIVED.
12. REGISTER CLOSE-UP
IN MMY CASES IT IS ALSO NECESSARY TO KNOW WHETHER THE TRAIN
HAS LEFT.  THIS SHOWS THE PAGE IN THE TRaIN REGISTER CONTAINING DETAILS OF THE DEPARTME OF NO. 304.
13. REGISTER - BOTH PAGES
IN ACTML PRACTICE, THE ARRIML IS ALMYS BOOKED ON THE
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PAGE MARKED "IN" ON THIS PICTURE, MD THE DEPARTURE ON THE
OPPOSITE PAGE MARKED "OUT".
14.  FORM W
A THIRD WAY OF ASCERTAINING IS TO GET THE INFORMATION FROM
THE TRAIN DISPATCHER.  ON THE SCREM IS ILLUSTRATED FORM W
TRAIN ORDER ESPECIALLY DESIGNED FOR THIS PURPOSE.  IT READS:
"NO. 304 DUE TO LEAVE RED DEER THURSDAY JUNE 5TH HAS ARRIVED
AND LEFT OLDS".
15*  RULE 82 QUOTED
THE PROCESS OF ASCERTAINING WHETHER ALL TRAINS WHICH ARE
SUPERIOR MVE ARRIVED OR LEFT IS AFFECTED BY RULE 82, MICH
READS:  TIMETABLE SCHEDULES, UNLESS FULFILLED, ARE IN EFFECT
FOR TWELVE HOURS AFTER THEIR TIME AT EACH STATION.
EEGULM TRAINS MORE TMN TWELVE HOURS BEHIND EITHER THEIR
SCHEDUM ARRIVING OR LEAVING TIME AT ANY STATION LOSE BOM
RIGHT AND SCHEDULE, AND CAN THEREAFTER PROCEED ONLY AS
AUTHORIZED BY TRaIN ORDER.
16•  TIMETABLE POINTING TO NO. 304 AT OLDS
THIS MEANS TMT AS SOON AS ANY OF THESE TRAINS IS MORE TMN
TWELVE HOURS MTE ON THEIR SCHEDULED TIMES aT OLDS, A MOVEMENT INTENDING TO USE THE MAIN TRACK CM IGNORE THE SCHEDULE.
NOTE THE TIME OF NO. 304 AT OLDS.  AFTER 23.15K, THIS SCHEDULE o
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IS NO LONGER IN EFFECT, AT OLDS.
17. RULE 95.
RME 93 CONTINUES: "THIRD CLASS, FOURTH CLASS, EXTRA
TMINS AND ENGINES MUST MOVE WITHIN YARD LIMITS AT
RESTRICTED SPEED, UNLESS TM MAIN TRACK IS KNOWN TO BE
CLEM".
18. TIMETABM - THIRD AND FOURTH CLASS
TRAINS AUTHORIZED BY TM SCMDUMS IDENTIFIED BY ARROWS
AM THIRD CLASS AND FOMTH CLASS TRAINS.  EXTRA TRAINS AND
ENGINES ARE AUTHORIZED BY A DIFFERENT MEANS TMN TIMETABLE.
TM REASON NOM OF TMM MED TO BE PROTECTED AGAINST IN
YARD LIMITS IS BECAUSE THEY MST ALL MOM AT MSTRICTED
SPEED UMESS THE MAIN TRACK IS KNOWN TO BE CLEM.
19. RULE BOOK
WHAT RESTRICTED SPEED IS BECOMES IMPORTANT MM, MD TM
EXACT MEANING OF THIS SPEED IS NECESSARY.  TM DEFINITION
READS:  "A SPEED THAT WILL PERMIT STOPPING WITHIN ONE-HALF
TM RMGE OF VISION"..
BECAUSE A SIGNAL SYSTEM OF ANY KIND IS NOT INVOLVED IN
TM PORTION OF RULE 93 UNDER DISCUSSION, FOR TM TIME BEING
WE WILL BYPASS TM SECOND PORTION OF TM DEFINITION. - 6 -
20. OPPOSING MOMMENTS YARD LIMITS
TO ILLUSTRATE HOW MSTRICTED SPEED IS APPLIED, LET'S ASSUME
THESE TWO MOVEMENTS ARE IN YARD LIMITS AND EACH IS GOVERNED
BY RESTRICTED SPEED.
21. YARD LIMITS
AT THE MOMENT THEY SEE OM ANOTHER THEY ARE ONE MILE APART.
22. RESTRICTED SPEED
GETTING STOPPED WITHIN ONE-HALF THE RANGE OF VISION SIMPLY
MEANS THAT THEIR SPEED AT TM MOMENT THEY ENTER THE AREA
PRESCRIBED AS OM MILE MUST BE ' SUCH TMT EACH CAN GET
STOPPED BEFORE IT TRAMLS OM HALF A MILE.
23. RESTRICTED SPEED
THEY MAY BE CLOSE TO OM ANOTHER WHEN THEY STOP, BUT IF
RESTRICTED SPEED IS PROPERLY APPLIED CONTACT WILL NEVER BE
MADE,
24. QUESTION
THE SECOM PMT OF RME 93 CONTAINS AN EXCEPTION TO RESTRICTED
SPEED WHERE IT INFERS THAT IF TM MAIN TRACK IS KNOWN TO BE
CLEAR MOVEMENT AT RESTRICTED SPEED IS NOT REQUIRED.  HOW CAN
IT BE KNOWN TMT THE MAIN TRACK IS CLEM?
25. YARD LIMITS STRAIGHT TRACK
WHERE THERE ARE NO SIGNALS TO INDICATE TRACK OCCUPANCY, THE
ONLY WAY IT CAN BE KNOWN THE MAIN TRACK IS CLEAR IS TO SEE
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IT IS CLEAR.  TO SEE IT IS CLEM, AS USED IN THIS PORTION OF
TM RULE IS TO SEE IT IS CLEAR OF ENGIMS, BOX CARS, FLAT
CARS OR ANY EQUIPMENT NORMALLY USED IN TRAIN OPERATION.
IF WE ASSUME TM MPROACH TO THESE YARD LIMITS IS STRAIGHT
TRACK AND THE YMD LIMITS ARE MSO ON STRAIGHT TRACK, THEN
WE COULD HAVE a DISTANCE OF CONSIDERABLY MORE TMN ONE MILE
TMT CAN BE SEEN TO BE CLEM.
26. KNOV/N TO BE CLEM
NOW TO ILLUSTRATE, LET'S SAY THE APPROACH TO THESE YARD LIMITS
FROM TM LEFT IS STRAIGHT TRACK, MD THE TRACK THROUGH YARD;
LIMITS IS ALSO STRAIGHT.
WHEN THE TRAIN PASSES TM YARD LIMIT SIGN ON THE LEFT, IT CAN
SEE ALL TM WM TMOUGH TO THE YARD LIMIT SIGN ON THE RIGHT,
AND ML OF TM MAIN TRACK IS CLEM.
THE MAIN TRaCK IS NOW "KNOV/N TO BE CLEM" AND THIS TRAIN IS
GOVERNED BY TM EXCEPTION IN RULE 93-  IT IS TMREFORE
PROCEEDING AT NORMAL SPEED.
27. RESTRICTED AT YARD LIMIT
IF ANY PORTION OF THE MAIN TMCK IN YARD LIMITS IS OUT OF VIEW
OF THIS TMIN WHEN IT PASSES TM YARD LIMIT SIGN, IT IS AT
MSTRICTED SPEED IN TM SAME MANNER AS IT WOULD BE IF ANY
PORTION OF THE MAIN TRACK WAS OCCUPIED.  THIS ILLUSTRATION
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SHOWS A TRAIN APPROACHING YMD LIMITS WMRE CURVATURE IS
INVOLVED, AND IT IS NOT POSSIBLE TO SEE IF ML OF TM MAIN '
TRACK IN YMD LIMITS IS CLEAR.  IN TMSE CIRCUMSTANCES, THIS
TRAIN MUST BE AT RESTRICTED SPEED TM MOMENT IT PASSES THE
YARD LIMIT SIGN.
28. ENGIM CUT OFF
TO ILLUSTRATE FURTMR, LET'S GO BACK TO STRAIGHT TRACK.  A
FOURTH CLASS TRAIN IS APPROACHING ON TM MAIN TRACK, BUT
BECAUSE IT MS ALL OF TM CONDITIONS MCESSMY TO KNOW TM
MAIN TRACK IS CLEAR,  IT IS PROCEEDING AT NORMAL SPEED.
MEANWHILE THE TMIN IN THE SIDING, WHICH HAS A SET OUT MD
LIFT TO MME, HAS MADE THE CUT AND PULLED DOM TO THE SWITCH.
O TO GET TO TM BACK TRACK IT WILL MM TO FOM TM MAIN TRACK.
IT MUST NOW DECIDE WMTHER OR NOT IT CAN OFEN THE MAIN TRACK
SWITCH AND MOVE OUT.
29. QUESTION
SINCE RULE 93 DOES NOT REQUIM PROTECTION AGAINST THIRD CLASS,
FOURTH CLASS, EXTM TMINS AM ENGIMS, DOES THIS ENGINE NOT
HAM AS MUCH RIGHT TO TM MAIN TRACK AS TM TMIN DOES?
30. ENGINE FOULING MAINJTRACK
NOT UNLESS IT IS OCCUPYING TM MAIN TRACK AT TM TIME THE
APPROACHING TMIN COMES INTO VIEW.. INVOLVED IN THIS SITUATION
IS TM ACT OF ENTERING TM MAIN TRACK AS WELL AS TM AUTHORITY
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TO OCCUPY IT.  IN TM ILLUSTRATION SHOWN, THE LAST
PARAGRAPH OF RUM 112 MSO GOMMS, AND IT MADS: "CARS
MUST NOT BE MOVED FOUL OF OTMR TMCKS UNLESS THE MOVEMENT
IS PROPERLY PROTECTED".
31. TRAIN CONTACTING ENGINE.
IF THE ENGINE MOVED OUT IN TM MANNER ILLUSTRATED, THE
TRAIN, WHICH IS TRAVELLING AT TRACK SPEED, COMD NOT AVOID
CONTACT.  IN TMSE CIRCUMSTANCES RULE 112 HAS BEEN VIOLATED
BECAUSE THE MAIN TRACK WAS FOULED WITHOUT THE MOVEMENT BEING
PROPERLY PROTECTED..
32. FLAGMAN STOPPING TRAIN
PROPER PROTECTION REFERRED TO IN THE RULE WOULD HAVE BEEN TO
STOP TM TRAIN AS SHOWN BEFORE MOVING FOUL.  BUT BETTER STILL,
TM ENGINE SHOULD HAVE STAYED CLEM UNTIL THE TRAIN HAD
PASSED.
33. QUESTION
IF THE SWITCH HAD BEEN THROWN TO ACCOMMODATE THE MOVE BY THE
ENGINE TO THE MAIN TRACK, THE SWITCH TARGET WOMD HAVE SO
INDICATED TO TM MPROACHING TMIN.  WHAT RESPONSIBILITY DOES
THIS TRAIN HAVE WITH RESPECT TO THE INDICATION OF SWITCH
TARGETS?
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34. SWITCH TARGET
HAVING ONCE DETERMINED THAT THE MAIN TRACK TMOUGH YARD LIMITS
IS CLEM, THIS TRAIN'S RESPONSIBILITY WITH RESPECT TO MAIN
TRACK SWITCH TARGETS DOES NOT PLACE IT IN VIOLATION OF THE
RULES IF IT BECOMES INVOLVED WITH AN IMPROPEMY LINED SWITCH.
OTHER RULES PLACE RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE POSITION OF MAIN
TRACK SWITCHES AFTER TMY HAM BEEN USED, MD HOW THE SWITCH
IS LEFT MWAYS RESTS WITH THE CMW LAST USING IT.  IT WOULD
NOT BE REASONABLE TO EXPECT THIS TRAIN, OPERATING AT NORMAL
SPEED, TO GET STOPPED BEFORE REACHING A SIGNAL AS SMAM AS A
SWITCH TMGET.
35. THIRD PARAGRMH RULE 1Q4.
ALSO IMPORTANT TO THIS KIND OF OPERATION IS THE THIRD PARAGRAPH
OF RUM 104, WHICH READS : A MAIN TRACK SWITCH MUST NOT BE
LEFT OPEN UMESS IN CMRGE OF A MEMBER OF THE CREW OR A
SWITCH TENDER.
36. MAIN TRACK SWITCH OPEN, TRAIFMM AWAY FROM SWITCH
THIS DIAGRAM SHOWS TM MAIN TRACK SWITCH OPEN, AND THE MAN
PRESUMABLY IN CHARGE OF IT IN A POSITION FROM WHICH BE CANNOT
SEE THE MPROACHING TMIN.  IF THE MPROACHING TRAIN, HAVING
SEEN THE MAIN TRACK IS CLEAR, BECOMES INVOLVED WITH THE
SWITCH IN THESE CIRCUMSTANCES, TM MEMBER OF THE CREW MO
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IS IN CHARGE OF TM SWITCH IS ENTIRELY AT FAULT.
37. RESTRICTED SPEED AT YARD LIMIT
ON TM OTHER HAND IN CIRCUMSTANCES ILLUSTRATED HERE WHERE THE
TRAIN COULD NOT SEE ALL OF THE MAIN TRACK IN YARD LIMITS
WHEN IT PASSED TM YARD LIMIT SIGN ON TM RIGHT, IT COULD
NOT BE DETERMINED WMTMR OR NOT TM MAIN TRACK WAS CLEAR,
AND THE EXCEPTION IN RME 93 DOES NOT APPLY.  THIS TRAIN IS
TMREFORE OBLIGED TO RUN AT RESTRICTED SPEED AND HAS THE
RESPONSIBILITY OF KNOWING THE INDICATION OF SWITCH 3ARGETS.
38. TRAIN ADVANCED TO STATION
BUT WMN THE TRAIN HAS MACMD THE POINT ILLUSTRATED HERE,
aND THE ENGINEMAN CAN SEE ALL THE WAY THROUGH TO THE YARD
O LIMIT SIGN, HE IS IN A POSITION TO SEE TM BMANCE OF THE
MAIN TRACK IN YMD LIMITS IS CMM.  HE CAN, THEREFORE, KNOW
TM MAIN TRACK IS CMM, AND NORMAL SPEED CAN TMN BE RESUMED.
39. KNOWN TO BE CLEM
SIMILARLY, UNDER CONDITIONS ILLUSTRATED IN THIS DIAGRAM,. THE
MAIN TRACK IS KNOWN TO BE CLEM BECAUSE IT CAN BE SEEN TO BE
CLEAR.
40.. ABS TERRITORY
BUT HERE AUTOMATIC SIGNALS ARE IN USE, AND WHERE THIS IS SQ
TM TEMITORY WILL BE DESIGNATED ABS TERRITORY IN TIME*
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O
TABMS. AUTOMATIC SIGNMS CONVEY IMPORTANT INFORMATION AND
THIS INFORMATION CAN BE USED TO DETERMINE IF THE MAIN TRACK
IS CLEAR.
41. SWITCH MD BLOCK INDICATOR
ADJACENT TO MANY MAIN TRACK SWITCHES IN ABS TERRITORY, A
DEVICE KNOWN AS A BLOCK INDICATOR IS LOCATED.  BECAUSE THE
FUNCTION OF A BLOCK INDICATOR IS TO INDICATE MAIN TRACK
OCCUPANCY, ITS USE IS PRESCRIBED BY RULES WITH WHICH ALL
MOVEMENTS INTENDING TO ENTER A MAIN TRACK MUST BE FAMILIAR.
42. RULE BOOK PAGE OF RULE 512.
RULE 512 GOVERNS TM USE OF BLOCK IMICATORS, AND ITffiADS:
"WHERE BLOCK INDICATORS ARE PROVIDED, THE INDICATOR MUST
Q BE OBSERMD IMMEDIATELY BEFORE A MAIN TRACK SWITCH IS OPENED.
WHEN INDICATION SHOWS "TRACK OCCUPIED" THE SWITCH MUST NOT
BE OPEMD UMESS TM MOVEMENT IS PROTECTED AS PRESCRIBED BY
RULE 99 FOR OUTSIDE ABS TEMITORY, EXCEPT AT MEETING POINTS
ON SINGLE TRACK WHEN TM TRAIN TO BE MET HAS CLEARED THE
SWITCH AND IS OCCUPYING TM BLOCK.  THE INDICATION "TRACK
UNOCCUPIED" DOES NOT AUTHORIZE A TRAIN OR ENGINE MOVEMENT,
AND DOES NOT RELIEVE EMPLOYEES FROM PROTECTING THEIR TRAIN
OR ENGINE AS REQUIRED BY THE RULES.
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43. TRAINMAN AT BLOCK INDICATOR
THIS IS A BLOCK INDICATOR.  NOTICE THE TRAINMAN PRESSING THE
BUTTON. NOT ML BLOCK INDICATORS ARE SO EQUIPPED, BUT WHEN
TMY ARE THE BUTTON MUST BE PRESSED BEFORE THE INDICATION
CAN BE DEPENDED UPON.
44. OCCUPIED BLOCK INDICATOR
WHEN TM BLOCK INDICATOR GIVES THIS INDICATION, TM TRACK IS
OCCUPIED, AND TM SWITCH TMT WILL BE USED TO ENTER THE
MAIN TRACK MUST NOT BE OPENED.  IT IS CALLED THE TRACK
OCCMIED INDICATION.
45. UNOCCMIED BLOCK INDICATOR
THIS MEMS THE TMM IS UNOCCUPIED, AND IS CALLED THE TRACK
UNOCCUPIED INDICATION.  WMN IN THIS INDICATION THE SWITCH
TO THE MAIN TRACK MUST BE OPEMD IMMEDIATELY.
46. PAGE OF RUM 513.
BLOCK INDICATORS ME NOT LOCATED AT ML MAIN TRACK SWITCHES
IN MS TERRITORY, AND WMN NOT SO EQUIPPED RME 513 GOVERNS.
IT MADS: "WHERE BLOCK INDICATORS ARE NOT PROVIDED OR WHEN
DECLARED OUT OF SERVICE, A TMIN OR ENGINE WHICH IS TO FOUL
OR ENTER A MAIN TRACK FROM A CROSSOVER, SIDING OR OTHER
TRACK, MUST WAIT THME MIMTES AFTER THE MAIN TRACK SWITCH
HAS BEEN OPEMD BEFORE MOVING FOUL, EXCEPT AT MEETING POINTS
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WHEN' TM TRAIN TO BE MET MS CLEARED THE SWITCH AND IS ■
OCCMYING TM BLOCK.  THIS WILL NOT RELIEVE EMPLOYEES FROM
PROTECTING THEIR TRAIN OR ENGINE AS REQUIRED BY TM RULES,
47. TRAINMAN AT  SWITCH  CMCKING TIMETMLE
THE PURPOSE OF TM LAST SENTENCE IN BOTH RMES 512 AND 513
IS TO REMIND CMWS TMT EMN THOUGH TMIR MOVE TO TM MAIN
TRACK IN ABS TERRITORY MS THE PROTECTION OF TM ABS SYSTEM,
CLEMING RULES AM STILL IN EFFECT.  HEM TM TRAINMAN CHECKS
HIS TIMETMLE.  IF SMERIOR TMINS APE OVERDUE, A MOVEMENT
TO THE MAIN TRACK MUST NOT BE MADE.  IN OTMR WORDS, EVEN
THOUGH ML OF TM REQUIREMENTS IN RULES 512 AND 513 MAY HAVE
BEEN COMPLIED WITH, TMSE RULES BY THEMSELVES DO NOT AUTHORIZE
ENTRANCE TO TM MAIN TMCK.
48. TMIN PULLING ONTO MAIN TRACK
IT IS OMY POSSIBLE TO MAKE PASSING REFERENCE TO RULES 512
AND 513 IN THIS PRESENTATION.  MTHOUGH EACH RULE IS QUOTED,
IT WILL BE MMIZED A LOT MORE IS INVOLVED BY WAY OF
CLARIFICATION THAN TIM IN THIS FILM STRIP WILL PERMIT. A
CAREFUL STUDY OF THESE RULES IS TMREFORE RECOMMENDED.
49. NOTE - RULE 93
LET'S LOOK AT TM NOTE UNDER SECOND PARAGRAPH OF RME 93-
IT MADS: "IN ABS TERRITORY, INDICATIONS PERMITTING TRAINS
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OR ENGIMS TO PROCEED DO NOT RELIEVE THIRD CLASS, FOMTH
CLASS, EXTRA TRAINS AND ENGIMS FROM THE REQUIREMENT OF
MOVING AT RESTRICTED SPEED, EXCEPT THAT: "CLEAR SIGNAL" RULE
281 MAY BE ACCEPTED AS INDICATION THAT THE TRACK IS CLEAR,
BUT OMY TO TM MXT SIGNM, OR "BLOCK END" SIGN."
50. ABS CLEAR SIGNM
WMT THIS NOTE MEANS  IS TMT THIS TMIN AFFECTED BY TM YARD
LIMIT  SIGN MPROACHING SIGNM NO.   2,   ILLUSTRATED MM,  WILL
KNOW TM MAIN TRACK BETWEEN SIGNM NO.   2 AND SIGNM NO.   3
IS CLEAR BECAUSE THE  INDICATION ON SIGNAL NO.   2 IS A CLEM
SIGNM.
51. QUESTION
A SIGNAL GOVERNING ENTRANCE IDA BLOCK WILL MWAYS GIVE A
STOP OR STOP AND PROCEED INDICATION IF TM BLOCK IS OCCUPIED,
THIS BEING SO, WHY WOMD AN MPROACH INDICATION NOT PERMIT
A MOVEMENT TO "KNOW TM MAIN TMCK IS CLEM TO THE MXT
SIGNAL?
52. APPROACH SIGNM
RMES GOMRNING TM USE OF TM MAIN TRACK IN YMD LIMITS IN
BOTH SINGLE AND TWO OR MORE TRACK  TERRITORY WIM PERMIT
ENTRANCE TO A BLOCK FROM THE OPPOSITE DIMCTION.     THE TRAIN
ON THE LEFT  IS TMMFORE PERMITTED TO MME A REVERSE MOVEMENT,
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O
THIS MOVEMENT COULD BEGIN AFTER TM TRAIN ON TM RIGHT HAS
ACCEPTED AN MPROACH INDICATION ON SIGNM NO.. 2.. THIS IS
THE REASON AN APPROACH INDICATION DEMANDS RESTRICTED SPEED
BY A TRAIN GOVERNED BY RULE 93.
53. QUESTION
WMT MPEMS TO BE THE SITUATION IS THAT A MOVEMENT ENTERING
A BLOCK ON AN MPROACH SIGNM IS IN EXACTLY TM SAME
SITUATION AS IF IT MD STOPPED AT A STOP, OR STOP AND
PROCEED SIGNAL, AND TMN PROCEEDED INTO TM BLOCK,  IS THIS
CORMCT?
54. APPROACH SIGNM AND STOP AND PROCEED SIGNAL
YES IT IS.  TM ONLY DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE OPERATIONS
Q COMPAEED ON THIS DIAGMM IS TMT IN TM CASE ILLUSTRATED ON
THE RIGHT TM MOVEMENT MUST STOP THEN PROCEED AT RESTRICTED
SPEED.  IN TM ILLUSTRATION ON TM LEFT A STOP IS NOT REQUIRED
BUT RESTRICTED SPEED IS APPLIED TM SAME IN BOTH CASES..
55. QUESTION
IF MSTRICTED SPEED APPLIES AT THE MPROACH SIGNM, IS THIS
NOT IN CONFLICT WITH RULE 285 WHICH REQUIMS MEDIUM SPEED
TO BE APPLIED?
56. FOLLOWING MOVEMENTS
IT MUST BE REMEMBERED WE ARE DEALING WITH THE MOVEMENT OF
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TRAINS GOVERNED BY RULE 93- OMY THIM CLASS, FOMTH CLASS,
EXTRA TMINS AND ENGINES ARE AFFECTED AND IT FOLLOWS THEY ARE
TM OMY MOVEMENTS TO WHICH TMSE RESTRICTIONS MPLY.  FIRST
AND SECOND CLASS TMINS NOT RESTRICTED IN YARD LIMITS ARE
GOMRMD ONLY BY MQUIREMENTS OF RULE 285 INSOFAR AS ABS RULES
ARE CONCERNED, AND MEDIUM SPEED MPLIED IN TM MANNER PRESCRIBED BY THIS RULE GOVERNS TMM.
57. QUESTION
FIRST SENTENCE OF THE DEFINITION OF RESTRICTED SPEED DEFINES
IT AS A SPEED TMT WILL PERMIT STOPPING WITHIN ONE-HALF TM
RANGE OF VISION.  WOULD THIS SPEED NOT BE ADEQUATE TO PROTECT
ML SITUATIONS WMM RULE 93 IS CONCERNED?
58. RESTRICTED SPEED DEFINITION
NOT ENTIRELY.  RESTRICTED SPEED AS IT MPLIES MM DEPENDS ON
THE INDICATION GIVEN BY A SIGNM.  TM NOTE UNDER RULE 93 IN
EFFECT BECOMES AN ABS RULE AND SECOND PARAGRAPH OF THE
DEFINITION WOULD THEREFORE MPLY.  IT MADS: "WHERE ABS RULES,
INTERLOCKING RULES OR SIGNAL INDICATIONS REQUIRE MOVEMENT AT
RESTRICTED SPEED, SUCH MOVEMENT MUST BE MDE AT A SPEED THAT
WILL PERMIT STOPPING WITHIN OM-HALF THE RANGE OF VISION, ALSO
PREPARED TO STOP SHORT OF SWITCH NOT PROPEMY LINED, AND BE
ON TM LOOKOUT FOR BROKEN MIL, AND IN NO CASE EXCEEDING n
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SLOW SPEED."  SO IN ADDITION TO BEING MLE TO STOP WITHIN
OM-HALF TM RANGE OF VISION, A MAXIMM OF SLOW SPEED,
(15 MPH), IS MQUIMD THROUGH TM BLOOX AS WELL AS TM
OTMR REQUIREMENTS INCLUDED IN TM DEFINITION.
59. QUESTION
CLEM SIGNAL, RULE 281, MAY BE ACCEPTED AS INDICATION THAT
TM TRACK IS CLEM.  WM DOES TM NOTE EMPHASIZE THAT THE
TMCK IS CLEM ONLY TO TM NEXT SLGNAL OR BLOCK END SIGN.
60. CLEAR TO NEXT SIGNAL
IT IS IMPORTANT TO MMEMBER TMT WMN A MOVEMENT GOVERNED
BY RULE 93 ENTERS A BLOCK ON A CLEAR SIGNAL, IT MUST NEVER
ASSUME TM NEXT SIGNM WILL BE CLEAR.  AN APPROACH INDICATION
O ON TM NEXT SIGNAL WOMD BE NORMM, AND AS ILLUSTRATED ON
TM SOMEN MSTRICTED SPEED WOULD GOVERN BEFOM ANY PORTION
OF TM MOVEMENT PASSES SIGNAL NO. 2.  THIS IS WHY THE NOTE
IS CAREFM TO POINT OUT TMT ALTHOUGH TM TMCK IS CMM
TMOUGHOUT TM BLOCK GOVERNED BY THE CLEAR SIGNM, IT IS
ONLY CLEM TO TM NEXT SIGNM OR BLOCK EM SIGN.
61. QUESTION
WMN THE NOTE IN RULE 93 WAS INTRODUCED, IT WAS IMICATED
THAT IN YARD LIMITS IN BOTH SINGLE AND TWO OR MORE TRACK
TEMITORY IT IS POSSIBLE FOR A MOMMENT TO ENTER A BLOCK
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ON AN MPROACH SIGNM AND LATER ENCOUNTER A MOVEMENT IN THE
OPPOSING DIRECTION IN THE SAME BLOCK.  IS THIS CORRECT?
62. BACK UP IN YARD LIMITS
YES, IT IS.  TM TRAIN ON TM RIGHT ENTERED THE BLOCK GOVERNED BY SIGNAL NO. 1 WMN TM SIGNM WAS CLEM, BUT IN ACCORDANCE WITH TM RULE, IT IS NOW AT RESTRICTED SPEED BECAUSE
IT IS ABOUT 'TOPASS SIGNAL NO. 2 WHICH IS IN THE APPROACH
INDICATION. MEANWHILE THE TRaIN ON THE LEFT, WITH ITS REAR
INSIDE YARD LIMITS, NEEDS TO BACK UP.  BECAUSE TMM ARE NO
FIRST OR SECOND CLASS TRAINS OVERDM, THE BACK UP MOVEMENT
IS PERMITTED.  RULE 93 PROVIDES FOR TM USE OF THE MAIN
TRACK IN YMD LIMITS, AND TMM IS NOTHING TO INDICATE MOVEMENTS ARE CONFINED TO ONLY OM DIRECTION.
63. QUESTION
RULE 516 PROVIDES TMT A TRAIN OR ENGIM HAVING PASSED
BEYOND THE LIMITS OF A BLOCK MUST NOT BACK INTO THAT BLOCK
EXCEPT UNDER PROTECTION. IS THE TMIN ON THE LEFT NOT IN
VIOLATION OF THIS RULE IF IT BACKS INTO TM BLOCK DEFINED
BY SIGNMS 2 AND 3 WITHOUT PROTECTION OF A FLAGMAN?
64. MROW POINTING TO TRAIN BACHING M
THIS RULE DOES NOT SAY PROTECTION MUST MCESSMILY BE
PROVIDED BY A FLAGMAN;  IT MEMLY POINTS OUT TMT THE MOVE-
O - 20 -
MENT MUST NOT BE MADE EXCEPT "UNDER PROTECTION".  IN
THIS CaSE, RULE 93 IS TM PROTECTION, BECAUSE IT PLACES
BOTH OF THE MOVEMENTS CONCERMD AT RESTRICTED SPEED.
65.   PLEASE CHANGE RECORD
NO COMMENT.
D
O - 21 -
O
66. TWO TRACKS
THIS IS A TWO TRACK SITUATION WHERE SIGNALS ARE INSTMLED
TO GOVERN ONLY MOMMENTS IN TM DIRECTION OF THE CURRENT
OF TRAFFIC.  THE REVERSE MOMS/DENT OF TM ENGINE AND TWO
CMS AT RIGHT CAN BE MADE AT RESTRICTED SPEED, BECAUSE
TM MOMMENT IS WITHIN YARD LIMITS.  SO ONCE AGAIN WE HAVE
TWO OPPOSING MOVEMENTS IN YARD LIMITS EACH OF MICH IS AT
MSTRICTED SPEED.
67. MAIN TRACK NO YARD LIMITS
IT IS PERHAPS RIGHT TO SAY THAT RULE 516 IS MAINLY CONCERMD
WITH A MVERSE MOMMENT IN ABS TERRITORY WMRE NO YARD
LIMITS OR STATION LIMITS AM INVOLMD.  IN THE ABSENCE OF
Q YMD LIMITS, TM TRAIN ON THE RIGHT ABOUT TO PASS SIGNAL
NO. 2 WILL BE AT MEDIUM SPEED, (30 MPH). PROTECTION WILL
TMMFORE MQUIM A FLAGMAN, AND TM FOLLOWING TRAIN WOULD
MM TO BE STOPPED BEFOREME REMRSE MOVEMENT AT TM LEFT
COMD BE MADE INTO TM BLOCK.
68. FLAGMAN FOR OUTSIDE ABS TERRITORY
IN OTHER CASES, TM TMIN DISPATCMR MIGHT BE ABLE TO HELP,
WHILE IN STILL OTHER CaSES FULL FLAG PROTECTION FOR OUTSIDE
ABS TERRITORY AS ILLUSTMTED MM MIGHT BE NECESSMY.
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69. LIGHTS IN YARD LIMIT SIGNS
RULE 93 CONTINUES:  UNMSS OTHERWISE DIRECTED BY SPECIAL
INSTRUCTIONS YELLOW LIGHTS MUST BE DISPLAYED ON YARD LIMIT
SIGNS FROM SUNSET TO SMRISE. THE WORDS:  "UNLESS OTHERWISE DIRECTED" IN THIS RULE ARE INTENDED TO TAKE CARE OF
SUBDIVISIONS WMRE TRAFFIC IS LIGHT. ON SUCH SUBDIVISIONS,
IT IS NOT NECESSMY TO MAINTAIN LIGHTS ON YMD LIMIT SIGNS.
TIMETMLE FOOTNOTES WILL INDICATE WHERE  THESE CONDITIONS
EXIST.
70. APPROACH SIGN
THE NEXT PARAGRAPH OF RME 93 PROVIDES TMT EXCEPT IN ABS
TERRITORY MPROACH SIGNS WILL BE PLACED ONE MILE FROM YARD
LIMIT SIGNS. THIS IS AN APPROACH SIGN. WHERE ABS RULES ARE
EFFECTIVE, BLOCK-SIGNALS SMPLY INFORMATION CONCERNING
OCCMANCY OF THE MAIN TRACK, MD APPROACH SIGNS ARE NOT
NECESSARY.
71•   SWITCH LAMP ON DRAWBAR
TM RME ALSO PROVIDES TMT BY NIGHT, OR IN FOGGY OR
STORMY WEATMR A LIGHT MST BE PLACED ON BOTH ENDS OF
UNATTENDED CARS OR DEAD ENGIMS OBSTRUCTING THE MAIN
TRACK WITHIN YARD LIMITS.
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GOOD MDGMENT WILL MM TO BE USED IN THE APPLICATION OF
THIS PORTION OF TM RULE.  SWITCHING IN THE VICINITY OF
CARS, BY TM CREW THAT LEAMS THEM ON THE MAIN TRACKFOR
SHORT PERIODS, DMING SWITCHING OPERATIONS, WOULD NOT
NORMALLY BE CONSIDERED UNATTEMED SITUATIONS.  THE RULE IS
PRIMARILY DESIGNED TO GIVE ADDITIONAL INFORMATION TO CREWS
OF MOMMENTS ENTERING A LOCATION WMRE IT HAS BEEN
NECESSARY TO USE TM MAIN TMCK FOR STORAGE PURPOSES.
72. TWO TRACKS
THE CONCLUDING PARAGPAPH OF RULE 93 IS A TWO OR MORE TRACK
PORTION OF TM RULE.  IT READS: WITHIN YARD LIMITS, WHEN
MOVING AGAINST TM CUMENT OF TRAFFIC, ALL TRAINS AND
ENGINES MUST MOVE AT RESTRICTED SPEED.
73. QMSTION
THIS PORTION OF TM RME MS THE EFFECT OF PUTTING FIRST
AND SECOND CLASS TMINS RUNNING AGAINST THE CURRENT OF
TRAFFIC AT RESTRICTED SPEED IN YARD LIMITS.  WHY IS THIS
WMN NORMMLY TM MAIN TRACK MUST NOT BE USED WHEN THESE
TMINS ARE OVERDM?
74. CURRENT OF TRAFFIC
IT IS TM TRACK THAT MUST BE USED BY TRAINS WHEN THEY MOVE
AGAINST THE CURRENT OF TRAFFIC THAT COMPLICATES MATTERS.
o - 24 -
. LET'S ASSUME'THE TRAIN SHOWN MRE IS NO. 1, FIRST CLASS.
NO. 1 CMRIES ITS RIGHT AND SCMDULE NORMALLY ON THE
WESTWMD TRACK.  NOW, BECAUSE FORM R TRAIN ORDER HAS BEEN
DELIVERED TO IT, THE EASTWMD TRACK MUST BE USED.
75. FORM R TRAIN ORDER
THIS IS HOW TM TMIN ORDER WOULD READ:
NO. 1 ENG. 1420 HAS RIGHT OVER.OPPOSING TRAINS ON EASTWARD
TRACK AGASSIZ TO MISSION CITY.
76. HARRISON MILLS
MEANWHILE, NO. 81, A FOURTH CLASS TRAIN AHEAD OF N0.1 HAS
NOT TIME TO DO ITS WORKAT MRRISON MILLS, SO IT DECIDES TO
LET NO. 1 PASS BY GOING OVER TO TM EASTWMD TRACK, AS
ILLUSTRATED HEM.  A PORTION OF TM INSTRUCTIONS THAT
ACCOMPANY FORM R TMIN ORDERIEAD:  "ML TRAINS BETWEEN.
TM POINTS NAMED MOVING WITH TM CURRENT OF TRAFFIC IN
TM SAVE DIMCTION AS TM DESIGNATED TRAINS, (THE
DESIGNATED TMIN IN THIS CASE IS N0.1), MUST, WHEN
PRACTICABLE, MCEIM A COPY OF THE ORDER AND MAY THEN
PROCEED ON THEIR SCHEDULES OR RIGHTS."
NO. 81 HAD PASSED AGASSIZ, TM LAST OPEN TMIN ORDER OFFICE,
BEFOM IT WAS DECIDED TO RUN N0.1 AGAINST THE CURRENT OF
TRAFFIC.  BUT BECAUSE NO. 81 WAS A TRAIN MOVING WITH THE
O - 25 -
CURRENT  OF TRAFFIC  IN TM SAME DIRECTION AS N0.1,   IT WAS
NOT MMDATORY TMT  IT RECEIM A COPY OF TM TRAIN ORDER.
IT IS NOT,   TMREFORE,   AWARE THAT NO.1   IS USING THE EASTWARD
TMCK.
77. NO.   81   ON EASTWMD TRACK
THE MOVEMENT TO TM EASTWMD TMCK COMPLETED,   NO.81,   WHO
EXPECTS NO.1   TO BE ON TM WESTWARD TMCK,   IS NOT  PROTECTING
ITS MAR,   MD IF NO.1   WERE NOT  GOVERMD BY RESTRICTED SPEED,
IT  IS EVIDENT WHAT V/OMD HAPPEN.
OTMR REASONS SUCH AS YMD ENGINES NOT  HAVING COPIES OF
FORM R TRAIN OMERS,   AND TM PROTECTION OF MOMS AGAINST
TM  CURMNT OF TRAFFIC  IN YARD LIMITS DEPEND FOR THEIR
SAFETY ON MSTRICTED SPEED NOT  OMY BY YMD ENGINES BUT BY
ML MOMMENTS AGAINST TM CURMNT OF TRAFFIC.
78. RULE 95A
RULE 93A IS ESSENTIALLY THE SAME AS RULE 93 IN THAT IT
PROVIDES PROTECTION TO TRAINS ON TM MAIN TRACK.  IT DIFFERS
IN TWO MAIN MSPECTS:
79. STATION LIMITS
FIRST:  THE PORTION OF TM MAIN TRACK WMRE PROTECTION IS
PROVIDED IS BETWEEN THE OUTER MAIN TRACK SWITCHES OF A
SIDING INSTEAD OF BETWEEN YARD LIMIT SIGNS AS IN RULE 93. - 26 -
80. only single tmck
md second: rule 93a is confimd to sidings in single
track territory, wmmas yard limits can be located in
eitmr single track or two or more track territory.
81. note introducing rule 95a
also important from tm standpoint of use of this rme is
tm note which introduces it in tm rule book. it reads
as follows: this rule must be adopted for tm entire system
of a railway (single tmck) or not be used at all, but will
not apply in ctc.
this means tmt any railway can not mve this rule apply
q on some single tmck subdivisions, and not on otmrs.
because frequent detoms omr lines of other major railways are made by camdian mcific crews, it is important
to remember tmt other railways may not necessarily use
RUM 93A.
82.   RULE 95A APPLIES TIMETMLE
TM FIRST PMT OF RUM 93A READS: ON SUBDIVISIONS
DESIGNATED IN TM TIMETMLE, THE OUTER MAIN TMCK SWITCHES
OF SIDINGS WILL BE CONSIDERED STATION LIMITS, AND WITHIN
SUCH LIMITS TM MAIN TRaCK MAY BE USED CLEARING THE TIME
OF FIRST AND SECOND CLASS TMINS AT TM NEXT STATION WHERE
TIME IS SHOWN.
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83. BELOW STATION NAMES
THIS PICTURE ILLUSTRATES TM METHOD OF DESIGNATING IN THE
TIMETABLE SUBDIVISIONS ON WHICH TM RULE APPLIES.   TMSE
WOMS "RULE 93A MPLIES"  WILL ALWAYS BE LOCATED IN TM
SPACE BELOW STATION NAMES IN CANADIAN PACIFIC TIMETMLES
ON EVERY SINGLE TMCK SUBDIVISION ON TM SYSTEM.
84. TRACK ADMCENT TO MAIN TMCK
WMRE SIDINGS AM LOCATED IN SINGLE TRACK IS MSO OF MAJOR
IMPORTANCE IN THE APPLICATION OF THIS RULE BECAUSE ALL
STATIONS SHOWN IN TM TIMETMLE DO NOT MCESSMILY HAVE
STATION LIMITS.  TRACKAGE ADJACENT TO TM MAIN TRACK AS
ILLUSTRATED MM DOES NOT IN ITSELF CONSTITUTE A SIDING.
85. TIMETMLE MGE SHOWING MACLEOD SUBDIVISION
TO DETERMIM WMTHER OR NOT A SIDING IS LOCATED AT A
STATION, REFERENCE MUST BE MADE TO THE SUBDIVISION CONCERNED
IN THE TIME TABLE.  THIS IS TM MCLEOD SUBDIVISION.
86. CM CMACITY COLUMN
NOTE THE ARROW POINTING TO CAR CAPACITY COLUMN.  TM
INFORMATION IN THIS COLUMN OPPOSITE EACH STATION NAME
INDICATES WHETHER OR NOT A SIDING IS LOCATED AT THAT POINT.
87. PULTENEY - MACLEOD SUBDIVISION
ATTENTION IS DRAWN TO TM STATION NAMED PULTEMY. THE WORD
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"NIL" MEANS THERE IS NOT A SIDING AT PMTEMY, MD IN THE
ABSENCE OF TM LETTER "Z" TEEEE ABE  NO YaRD LIMITS. IT
FOLLOWS TMT ALTHOUGH TMINS AM TIMED AT THIS STATION,
TMY HAVE NO REAR PROTECTION IF THEY STOP.  WHERE A FIGME
IS CONTAINED IN THIS COLUMN, IT INDICATES A SIDING AT THE
STATION OPPOSITE WHICH THE FIGUM IS SHOWN, TM FIGURE
MSO INDICATING HOW MM CARS THE SIDING WILL HOLD.  NOTE
CLAMSHOLM ABOM, WHERE THE SIDING HOLDS 54 CARS, AND
STAVELY BELOW WITH A SIDING CMACITY OF 46 CMS.
88. STATION LIMITS
RULE 93A CONCLUDES: PROTECTION AGAINST THIRD CLASS, FOURTH
CLASS, EXTRA TRAINS AND ENGINES IS NOT REQUIRED. THIRD
CLASS, FOURTH CLASS, EXTRA TRAINS AND ENGIMS MUST MOVE
WITHIN STATION LIMITS AT RESTRICTED SPEED UNLESS THE MAIN
TRACK IS KNMN TO BE CLEM.
IT ./ILL BE SEEN TMT IF THE WORDS "YARD LIMITS" MRE USED
INSTEAD OF STATION LIMITS, THIS PORTION OF TM RULE WOULD
BE EXACTLY THE SAME AS RUM 93.
89. STATION LIMITS TRAIN MPROACHING
AS IN RULE 93, TM MAIN POINT TO BE DETERMINED BY A THIM
CLASS, FOURTH CLASS, EXTM TMIN OR ENGINES ABOUT TO USE
TM MAIN TRaCK IN STATION LIMITS, IS WMTMR OR NOT THAT
PORTION OF TM MAIN TRACK IS KNOWN TO BE CLEAR. IF HIS, TEE MCVE-
O O - 29
MENT CAN BE MADE AT NORMM SPEED.  IF IT IS NOT KNOWN TO
BE CLEAR, THE MOM MUST BE MADE AT MSTRICTED SPEED,
IN THESE MSPECTS REQUIREMENTS ME EXACTLY TM SAME AS
PMVIOUSLY DEMT WITH IN RULE 93, AND TMM IS NO POINT IN
REPEATING THEM MRE.
90,   STATION LIMITS ABS
SIMILARLY, TM NOTE UNDER RME 93A IS TM SAME AS IN RULE
93. A CLEM SIGNAL, RME 281, IS THE OMY INDICATION TMT
CAN BE TMEN AS ASSURANCE THAT TM MAIN TRACK IS CLEM.
OPERATIONS IN ABS TEMITORY ARE THEREFORE EXACTLY TM SAME
AS PMVIOUSLY DEMT WITH IN RUM 93.
r\ 91.   RME 93A A TMIN ON MAIN TRACK
A COMPMISON OF TMSE RULES "WILL INDICATE THAT RULE 93A IS
NOT ADEQUATE TO PROTECT SWITCHING OPERATIONS IN MANY CASES,
FOR INSTANCE, THE ENGIM IN THIS DIAGRAM MUST NOT MOVE OVER
TM SWITCH AMAD OF IT IF ANY OPPOSING TMIN IS OVERDUE,
NOR MAY A REMRSE MOVEMENT OMR TM SWITCH AT TM REM, BE
MADE IN MY CIRCUMSTANCES, UNLESS TMSE MOVEMENTS AM
PROTECTED .BY SOME OTHER MEANS TMN RULE 93A.
92.   YARD LIMITS
ON THE OMER HAND YARD LIMITS ILLUSTRATED MM EXTEM A
CONSIDERABLE DISTANCE ON EACH SIDE OF SIDING OR OTHER
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SWITCHES LOCATED AT INTERMEDIATE POINTS, MD PROVIDE
ADEQUATE PROTECTION FOR MOST WORK AT TMSE POINTS.
93. RME 98.
SINCE HE MM BEEN DEMING WITH MAIN TRACK SITUATIONS TMT
HAVE OMY .MSTRICTED SPEED AS TMIR PROTECTION, IT IS
MPROPRIATE THaT RULE 98 BE INCLUDED IN THIS FILM STRIP.
TM MAIN DIFFEMNCE BETWEEN RULE 98 MD RULES 93 AND 93A
IS TMT IN YMD LIMITS OR STATION LIMITS WHERE ABS RULES
AM IN EFFECT TM APPLICATION OF MSTRICTED SPEED IS
. MODIFIED BY TM INDICATION GIMN BY CERTAIN SIGNALS.  RUM
98 ELIMINATES MSTRICTED SPEED WMRE PROTECTION BY BLOCK
OR INTERLOCKING SIGNMS IS PROVIDED, EXCEPT AS MAY BE
NECESSARY TO COMPLY WITH BLOCK OR INTERLOCKING SIGNM
RULES.
94. TWO TRACKS
RULE 98 READS:  UNLESS PROTECTED BY BLOCK OR INTERLOCKING
SIGNMS, TRAINS AND ENGINES MUST MPROACH TM END OF TV/0
OR MORE TRACKS, JUNCTIONS, RAILWAY CROSSINGS AT GRADE AM
DRAWBRIDGES AT MSTRICTED SPEED.
THIS SHOWS TWO TRACKS AT TM RIGHT, AND TM ENTRANCE TO
SINGLE TRACK TERRITORY SHOM ON TM LEFT.
o - 31 -
95. TRAINS ADDED
HERE TWO TRAINS HAVE BEEN ADDED TO TV/O TMCK TERRITORY.
THESE TRAINS, BOTH MOVING IN THE SAME DIRECTION, CREATE A
SITUATION BROUGHT ABOUT BY THE TRAIN ON THE LOWER TRACK
HOLDING FORM R TRAIN ORDER AUTHORIZING IT TO RUN AGAINST
THE CURRENT OF TRAFFIC.  IF VISIBILITY IS SUCH THAT THEY
COULD NOT SEE ONE ANOTHER, NEITHER TMIN WOULD NECESSARILY
BE AWARE THE OTHER IS THERE.
96. QUESTION
WOULD THE TRAIN DISPATCHER NOT MVE A RESPONSIBILITY IN
THIS CASE TO INFORM THE TMIN MOVING WITH THE CURRENT OF
TRAFFIC TMT MOTHER TMIN HAS BEEN AUTHORIZED IN THE SAME
DIRECTION AGAINST THE CURRENT OF TRAFFIC ON THE OTHER
TRACK?
97. TRAIN CONTACTING ANOTHER
ONLY INSOFAR AS INSTRUCTIONS IN THE USE OF FORM R TRAIN
ORDER ARE CONCERNED.  THIS IS A SIMILAR SITUATION TO THAT
DEALT WITH IN RME 93- THE TRAIN ON THE UPPER TRACK MOVING
WITH THE CURRENT OF TRAFFIC IN THE SAME DIRECTION AS THE
TRAIN RUNNING AGAINST THE CURRENT OF TRAFFIC WOULD HOLD A
COPY OF THE FORM R TMIN ORDER IF IT WAS PRACTICABLE FOR
THE TMIN DISPATCHER TO DELIVER IT A COPY.  BUT THIS
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PORTION OF THE RULE IS NOT MANDATORY AND IF THE TRAINS
BECAME INVOLVED AS ILLUSTRATED HERE THE FAULT WOULD BE
WITH THE TRAIN ON THE UPPER TRACK.
98. TRAIN CONTACTING LOWER TRACK
MRE THE TRAIN ON THE LOWER TRACK WOULD BE AT FAULT. IN
EITHER CASE IF RESTRICTED SPEED, A SPEED THAT WOULD PERMIT
STOPPING WITHIN ONE-HALF THE RANGE OF VISION, HAD BEEN
APPLIED, CONTACT WITH TM TMIN USING THE SWITCH WOULD.
HAM BEEN AVOIDED.
99. JUNCTION TRAIN APPROACHING FROM TOP
NOW LET'S MPLY RULE 98 TO A JUNCTION. THIS DIAGRAM
ILLUSTMTES A JUNCTION. IT IS FOR THE ACCOMMODATION OF
TRAINS TO AND FROM A CONVERGING SUBDIVISION.  FREQUENTLY
TRAINS OF OM NUMBER ON OM SUBDIVISION ARE SCHEDULED '
TMOUGH AS TRAINS OF TM SAME NUMBER ON THE OTHER, AND
WHERE THIS IS SO SPECIAL RULES GOVERN TMIR MOVEMENT,
100. MACLEOD SM. SHOWING ALDERSYDE (JCT) ARROW POINTING TO IT
TM LOCATION OF MNCTIONS IS INDICATED IN THE TIMETMLE.
NOTE THE ABBREVIATION JCT. ALDERSYDE SUB. SHOWN BELOW
TM STATION NAMED MDERSYDE.  THIS INDICATES THE MDER-
SYDE SMDIVISION BRANCHES OFF AT THIS POINT.
O - 33 r
O 1°1-  TMINS AT JUNCTION
RULE 98 IS ONLY CONCERMD WITH TM SAFETY OF THE MOVEMENT
FROM ONE STODIVISION TO ANOTMR, MD THIS FILM STRIP WILL
CONFINE ITSELF TO ONLY THIS PMT OF THE OPERATION.  NOTICE
TM TRAIN ON THE THROUGH SUBDIVISION APPROACHING THE
JUNCTION WHEN THE SWITCH IS OCCUPIED BY A TRAIN FROM THE
OTMR SUBDIVISION.  IT IS TM RESPONSIBILITY OF THE TRAIN
ON TM TMOUGH SUBDIVISION TO BE AT RESTRICTED SPEED IN
ORDER TMT IT CAN GET STOPPED IN THE EVENT WMT IS
ILLUSTMTED IS ACTUMLY TMING PLACE.
102. QMSTION
DOES RULE 98 PERMIT A TMIN FROM THE CONVERGING STODIVISION
AT A JUNCTION TO MOVE OUT WMN A SMERIOR TMIN IN THE
SAME DIRECTION IS OVERDUE ON THE SUBDIVISION TO WHICH.THE
MOVEMENT IS BEING MADE?
103. OM TMIN AT MNCTION
NOT UNLESS TM TMIN ENTERING THE THROUGH SUBDIVISION HOLDS
TMIN ORDER AUTHORITY, OR IS PERMITTED BY RULE 85 TO PASS
AND RUN AHEAD OF TM OVERDUE TMIN.
IN THE ILLUSTRATION SHOWN, IF THE TRAIN WAS AN EXTRA TRAIN,
AND THE OVERME TMIN WAS FOURTH CLASS, THE EXTRA TRAIN.
COULD PROCEED.
O
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/N        104.  QUESTION
A FIRST CLASS TMIN ABOUT TO ENTER A TMOUGH SUBDIVISION
AT A JUNCTION IS SCMDULED TMOUGH AS A TMIN OF THE SAME
MMBER ON BOTH SUBDIVISIONS.  WHEN IT CHECKS THE TMIN
REGISTER AT TM JUNCTION, IT FINDS MOTMR FIRST CLASS
TRAIN IN TM SAME DIRECTION OMRDUE.  WHAT PROTECTION IS
REQUIMD TO MOM ONTO TM TMOUGH SUBDIVISION?
105. FIRST CLASS TRAIN AT JUNCTION
RME 98 IS SUFFICIENT PROTECTION.  TM OVERDUE FIRST CLASS
TMIN KNOWS FROM ITS TIMETMLE THAT THE JUNCTION IS THE
INITIAL STATION FOR ANOTMR FIRST CLASS SCHEDULE.
106. TWO FIRST CLASS TRAINS
RESTRICTED SPEED BY TM THROUGH TRAIN AS IT APPROACHES THE
O JUNCTION SWITCH FROM TM LEFT IS PROTECTION AT THE SWITCH.
RULE 85 AUTHORIZES TM TMIN ENTERING TM TMOUGH SUBDIVISION
TO RUN AMAD OF TM OMRDUE TMIN BEYOM THE JUNCTION.
107. QUESTION
IF TWO TRAINS,   OM FROM TM DIMRGING SUBDIVISION WERE
MPROACHING TM JUNCTION AT APPROXIMATELY TM SAME TIME,
THE TMIN LEAVING FIRST WOULD SEEM TO BE THE ONE TMT
REACHES TM JUNCTION SWITCH FIRST.   IS THIS  CORRECT?
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108.  TWO TRAINS AT JUNCTION
EVERYTHING ELSE BEING EQUM, THIS WOULD BE CORRECT.  HOWEVER
CIRCUMSTANCES SURROUNDING THE METHOD USED TO GET THE
SWITCH OPEMD FIRST AM CONTROLMD BY MOTHER RULE.
IN TM ILLUSTRATION SHOWN, IF THE MOVEMENT FROM THE
CONVERGING SUBDIVISION WAS WELL CLEaR, AM NO ONE WAS AT
THE SWITCH, THE TMOUGH TMIN COMD ASSUME IT WAS THE
INTENTION TO LET IT PROCEED FIRST.
109.. TWO TRAINS CONTACTING
BUT IF .IN THE CIRCUMSTANCES JUST SHOWN A MEMBER OF THE
CREW HURRIED TO TM SWITCH, OPEMD IT MD MOVED OUT WHEN
IT WAS NOT POSSIBLE FOR TM APPROACHING TMIN TO GET
STOPPED, SOMETHING LIKE THIS WOULD MSULT, AND RME 112
v/OMD BE VIOLATED.  RULE 112,  LAST MRAGRAPH READS:
CMS MUST NOT BE MOMD FOUL OF OTHER TMCKS UNLESS THE
MOMMENT IS PROPEMY PROTECTED.  TM CREW OF THE TMIN
COMING OUT ON THE TMOUGH SUBDIVISIONS IS THEREFORE AT
FAMT IF THIS HAPPENED.
110.  FLAGMM STOPPING THRU TMIN
FOR TM MOVEMENT TO BE PROPERLY PROTECTED IN THE CIRCUMSTANCES, IT WOMD HAVE BEEN MCESSMY TO FIRST GET THE
APPROACHING TMIN ON THE TMOUGH SUBDIVISION STOPPED, AS
O - 36 -
ILLUSTRATED,   MM,   BEFORE MOVING FOM OF THE TMOUGH
SUBDIVISION.
111.   R R CROSSING AT  GRaDE
THIS IS A RAILROAD CROSSING AT  GMDE.     IT  IS,   IN EFFECT,   A
POINT WMRE OM RAILROAD TRACK CROSSES ANOTHER.     TRAINS
MPROACHING AS ILLUSTRATED MUST MPROACH AT RESTRICTED SPEED
IN ORDER TO  GET  STOPPED  IF A TMIN ON TM OTMR TRACK IS
OCCMYING,   OR ABOUT TO OCCUPY THE CROSSING.
112. DRAWBRIDGE
THIS SKETCH REPRESENTS A DRAWBRIDGE.  AS ILLUSTRATED A DRAWBRIDGE IS EQUIPPED IN SUCH A WAY TMT IT CAN BE LIFTED OR
TURMD TO MAKE HEAD ROOM FOR SHIPS TO PASS.  THE REASON
FOR A RULE TO APPROACH TMSE INSTALLATIONS AT A SPEED THAT
Q WILL PERMIT TMM TO GET STOPPED IS OBVIOUS.
IN THE VAST MAJORITY OF CASES, BOTH RAILWAY CROSSINGS AT
GRADE ILLUSTRATED IN THE LAST PICTURE, AND DRAWBRIDGES ARE
PROTECTED BY BLOCK OR INTERLOCKING SIGNALS.
113. R R CROSSING INTERLOCKED
RME 98 CONTINUES:  UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED IN SPECIM
INSTRUCTIONS, THE SPEED OF ANY TMIN OR ENGINE MUST NOT
EXCEED THIRTY-FIVE MILES PER HOUR AT INTERLOCKED RAILWAY
CROSSINGS AT GRaDE UNTIL TM ENTIRE MOVEMENT HAS PASSED
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TM CROSSING.
THIS PORTION OF TM RULE EXPLAINS ITSELF, BUT IT WILL BE
NOTED IT IS OMY APPLICABLE WMRE THE CROSSING IS PROTECTED
BY INTERLOCKING SIGNaLS.
114. DRAWBRIDGE INTERLOMED
RULE 98 MSO PROVIDES THAT UNLESS OTMRWISE SPECIFIED IN
SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS, TM SPEED OF ANY TRaIN OR ENGIM MUST
NOT EXCEED TWENTY-FIM MILES PER HOUR AT INTERLOCKED DRAWBRIDGES UNTIL TM ENTIRE MOVEMENT MS PASSED THE DRAMRIDGE.
THIS PORTION OF TM RULE IS MSO SELF-EXPLANATORY, BUT IT
IS OMY IN EFFECT AT DMWBRIDGES PROTECTED BY INTERLOCKING
SIGNALS.
115. R R CROSSING aND DRAWBRIDGE
WMRE RAILWAY CROSSINGS AND DRAWBRIDGES AM NOT PROTECTED BY
INTERLOCKING SIGNALS, STOP SIGNS WILL BE LOCATED.  RULE 98
PROVIDES TMT TRaINS OR ENGIMS MUST STOP AT TM STOP SIGNS
AT NON-INTERLOCKED RAILWAY CROSSINGS AT GMDE AND AT NON-
INTERLOCKED DRAWBRIDGES, AND NOT PROCEED UNTIL THE PROPER
SIGNM HAS BEEN GIVEN FOR TMT PURPOSE.
AGAIN TM RULE IS SELF-EMLANATORY, BUT THIS PORTION IS NOT
EFFECTIVE WHERE INTERLOCKING SIGNALS ME IN USE.  WHERE INTERLOCKING SIGNMS ME USED TMY GOVERN,AND STOP SIGNS aRE NOT
REQUIRED.
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116. RULE 105
WE MM BEEN DEALING WITH  THE MEDICATION OF RESTRICTED
SPEED AS PT APPLIES TO  MOMMENTS ON TM MAIN TMCK.     RULE
105  DEMS WITH ML  OTMR MOVEMENTS,
117. TMIN IN YARD
IT  MADS:   "TOLESS  OTMRWISE PROVIDED BY  SIGNM  INDICATION,
TMINS  OR ENGIMS  USING  OTHER  THAN THE MAIN TMCK,   xMUST
PROCEED  AT  RESTRICTED  SPEED".
118. MAIN TRACK THRU YARD
A COMPARISON OF THE TWO ON TM BASIS OF TM MMBER OF MOMMENTS MADE WOULD  SHOW TMT FEMR TRaINS AM RUN THAN TMRE
ARE YARD MOMMENTS.   FROM THIS  STANDPOINT RULE  105  BECOMES A
VERY IMPORTANT RULE BECAUSE ALL MOVEMENTS  ON ML TRACKS
Qf EXCEPT  THE MAIN TRACK  ARE  GOMRMD  BY  IT.
119-     QMSTION
NBEM YARD TRACKS ME LOCATED ON EACH SIDE OF A MAIN TMCK
AS HAS  JUST  BEEN ILLUSTRATED,   WM WOULD RULE 105  NOT  GOVERN
THE MaIN TRACK AS WELL AS TM MST OF TM YMD?
120.     CLOSEUP OF MIN TRACK TMU YARD
BECAUSE    A MaIN TRACK  CAN MMR BE A PMT  OF A YARD.   IN A
SITUATION SUCH AS  SHOWN IN THIS  DIAGRAM 'WHERE PROTECTION FOR
MAIN TRACK MOVEMENTS  IS DESIRED,   YMD LIMITS WOULD HAVE TO
o - 39 -
r\ BE ESTABLISMD, WMN RME 93 WOULD APPLY.
121. QMSTION
RULE 93 PLACES NO RESTRICTIONS AGAINST FIRST AND SECOND
GLASS TRAINS. WMRE RULE 105 IS EFFECTIVE, ALL TRAINS AS
WELL AS YARD ENGIMS MUST BE AT MSTRICTED SPEED.  IF A
FIRST CLASS TRAIN USED AN ADJACENT TRACK INSTEAD OF THE
MAIN TRACK THROUGH THIS POINT WHAT 'WOULD ITS STATUS BE WHILE
NOT ON TM MAIN TRACK?
122. TRAIN ON YMD TRACK
A FIRST OR SECOND CLASS TRAIN USING OTMR TMN TM MAIN
TRACK CANNOT APPLY TM AUTHORITY NORMALLY TMIRS.  THE
TRAIN SHOWN HERE IS DESIGNATED IN THE TIMETABLE AS FIRST
CLASS, BUT IT IS MERELY AN ENGIM AND SOME CARS AS LONG AS
IT IS MOVING ON TM TMCK ILLUSTMTED ON THIS DIAGRAM.
AS SUCH IT MUST MOM AT MSTRICTED SPEED UNTIL IT RETURNS
TO TM MAIN TRACK.
123. QUESTION
SIGNAL INDICATION IS AN EXCEPTION TO THIS RULE.  IS THE
NORMAL USE OF SIGNMS NOT CONFINED TO MAIN TRACKS?
124. SIGNALS ON YARD TRACK
NOT NECESSARILY.  SIGNAL SYSTEMS ARE SOMETIMES USED ON YARD
TRACKS TO PERMIT DIFFERENT SPEEDS WHEN THIS IS DESIRMLE.
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THE EXCEPTION IN THE RULE SIMPLY MEANS THAT WHEN THESE
SIGNALS WILL PERMIT A MOVEMENT AT A SPEED OTHER THAN
RESTRICTED SPEED, THE SPEED PERMITTED BY THE SIGNM WILL
GOVERN.
125.  TM END
THE APPLICATION OF RESTRICTED SPEED, SO ESSENTIM TO SAFE
OPERATIONS IN TM RULES DEMT WITH IN THIS FILM STRIP, IS
MMOST ENTIRELY A JUDGEMENT SITUATION.
KNOW TM RULES, EXERCISE THIS JUDGEMENT, AND THE RESULTS
WILL SPEM FOR THEMSELVES.
J

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