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An outline of the Canadian Pacific Railway Company Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1959

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Conceived in lSSO to weld the  confederation of Canada by
joining together  its farflung provinces,  the Canadian Pacific Railway
Company is now the world ! s greatest transportation system.
More than  just a railway,   Canadian Pacific  ox^ms,   operates and
manages a large fleet  of ocean,   coastal  and inland water vessels;   an
airline;   a large group  of hotels across Canada;   a world-wide express
service and a huge  communications network,
Formed 13  years after Confederation to   connect the province
of British Columbia with Eastern Canada by hurdling the forbidding Rocky
Mountains and  spanning the then uninhabited prairies - at a time when
the  country was faced with the  threatened secession of British Columbia
from the  union - the  C.P.R,   acquired  several   incomplete  sections of track
laid   in earlier days by government  agencies and in five years of arduous
construction completed Canada's first trans-continental  rail line.
Spurred by men of vision,   such  as George Stephen,   later to
become Lord Mount Stephen,  the first president of the  railway company,
Donald Smith (later Lord Strathcona),   and personally led by Sir William
Van Trorne,   then general manager,  later chairman and president,  the
construction men welded Canada's east and west  coasts with a steel band.
The first transcontinental  train left Montreal  for  the British
Columbia  settlement   of Port Moody on June  2SV,  l$o6,   just a little  more
than  six months after the driving of the famed "last  spike" at  Craigellachie,  B.C.,  on November 7,   1^5. -  2 -
At first,   as the  railway drove westward over the prairies and
through the tortuous passes of the Rockies,   dire forecasts of impending
disaster were made by many for the road had no goods or passengers to
transport    through the  sparsely settled regions it  served.    Undaunted,
the nation builders made plans for creating traffic.
In  loo7,   a fleet of three  ships was chartered to bring tea and
silk from the Orient  to  Canada's west  coast to provide eastbound freight
for the new transcontinental railway.
These three  ships were the  forerunners of the great  "White
Empress" fleet of the  Canadian Pacific,     The hotels and tea houses
established in the Canadian wilderness to  entice early travellers have
since grown into a. chain of year-round hotels and  palatial  summer  resorts,
The  Canadian    acific  brought  settlers from the United Kingdom
and Europe to   settle the  untenanted plains,   and irrigation schemes
supervised by the  company made veritable gardens out of some arid and
once unproductive regions.
Telegraph services,  first used for train dispatching, were made
available to   settlers of the prairies and  in fact to all of Canada,
Today  communication service,   since vastly augmented and   improved and
including micro-wave,   teletype and telex operations,   are used for  radio
broadcasts,  telephone  communications  and television transmission,     As
Canada  expanded,  Canadian ^acific added allied services to compliment
its rail facilities,   and these related activities have helped Canada,
both in peace and war,
During the First and Second World Wars,  when Canada  stood behind
the mother country in the  battle to maintain world freedom, the  railway - 3 -
and  its steamships provided much needed transportation for troops
and  supplies.
Company shops turned out tools of war -  shells,   tanks,  naval
guns and engines.     Canadian Pacific's vessels  saw service on all the
seven  seas as troop transports,   armed merchant cruisers and Admiralty
supply and mother  ships.
During the Second World War, Canadian Pacific operated the
first efficient trans-Atlantic bomber ferry service which was later
taken over by the R,A,F, Canadian acific Air Lines later operated
flying schools as part of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan*
In Canada,   Canadian Pacific  comprises more than 17,000 miles
of railway and   owns or controls another 5,000 miles of track in the
United States,
Dieselization of the  C.P.R,  began  in 1943  and has played an
important role in  improving efficiency of operations.
Extensive dieselization of passenger and freight  operations
has been made throughout the   system,  including yard and terminal
operations.    The company plans  complete dieselization by 1961.
Introduction for transcontinental  service  in 1955  of  stainless
steel passenger  train units,   including the popular Scenic-Dome Cars,
was a large  step forward  in the  company's policy of providing modern,
fast  and efficient   service to  its travellers.
The Canadian Pacific's crack passenger train,   "The Canadian",
an all-stainless steel  streamliner,   spans the nation in 70 hours,
providing luxury service, - 4 -
A §13,000,000 hump-retarder freight  yard*   the.first  of  its
kind in Canada,   was built in Montreal as a major step in marshalling
yard modernization.    Automatic  switching and braking enable the cars
of a train to be  sorted out -swiftly and efficiently,    A second  such yard
is planned for the Toronto  area,
Canadian *acific  has experienced an   increasing  demand for   its
piggyback services by which highway trailers are  carried from city to
city on flat  cars.    This   service was started originally for hauling
company trailers but was extended in 1957 and made available to licensed
"for  hire" truck operators.     Growing  importance of this type of traffic
was recognized in 1957 by creation of a  separate piggyback department.
In Western Canada,  Canadian Pacific  Transport Company has been operating
an  integrated piggyback service since 1954.
In 195o,   Canadian Pacific acquired a.  controlling irt erest in
Smithsons Holdings Limited,   owners of   Smith Transport Limited,   largest
trucking company in Canada,  whose highway transport  operations and
affiliations extend  in eastern Canada from Nova Scotia to Manitoba,
In Western Canada,   Canadian Pacific  Transport Co.,  a wholly-owned
subsidiary of  the  C.P.R,,  has operated highway trucking services  since
Automatic  teletype recorder  car tracing  systems have been
installed to  record the flow and improve efficiency  of freight train
movements over busy  sections  of the line,
Canadian Pacific's application of  integrated data processing
- I.D.P,  - is more  extensive than that of any other railway in the - 5 ~
world,     "I,D,P#"  involves collecting  data from widely separated points
and transmitting  it to  a central location where the large electronic
processing units are installed,     Canadian Pacific's unit - the I,B.M,
705  - began operation early in 1957,
Not   only are great benefits and economies being derived from
the  simpler processing  of paper work,  but  a vast amount  of new information useful in managerial decisions is '.available at speeds hitherto
impossible -  all of which play an integral  role  in the more   efficient
and economic operation of business,   and  service to  customers.
In ocean travel the  company had its first "Empresses"
operating on the Pacific travel lanes as early as lu92.    When the
Second World War broke out   in 1939,   Canadian Pacific  provided the
British Admiralty with 1$ ocean steamers,   a total gross tonnage of
324,73o,   of which  10 were lost,
Since the war,   Canadian Pacific has had constructed two
25,500-ton passenger  liners for the  Atlantic   service and has ordered
a third,   27,500-ton passenger  liner for delivery  in 1961,
The  "Empress of Britain" was placed in service in the
Spring of 1956,   and her sister  ship,  the  "Empress  of England",   entered
trans-Atlantic   service  in April,  1957.     Specially designed for the
Canada-United Kingdom service,   each has accommodation for 150 first
class and 900 tourist passengers.
Since war's end four 10,000-ton Beaver class fast freight
ships have been built.    Two more vessels were purchased from the
British Government  and one from another  steamship company to bring the - 6 *
total number of Beavers to  so-voris    All vessels  in service named
"Beaver" operate between Cam da,  U.K,,   and continental ports.    They
are Beaverdell,  Beavercove,  Beaverburn,  Beaverglen,  Beaverford,
Beaverlake and Beaverlodge.
In anticipation of the  opening of the St.  Lawrence Seaway,
the   company started a transatlantic-Great Lakes freight   service in
1957 and by 1959 had four vessels under charter,
Canadian Pacific's British Columbia Coast Steamship  service
operates  on the Pacific  coast,   bridging Nanaimo,   on Vancouver Island,
and Vancouver and also  serving Victoria,  Seattle  and Alaska,
Canadian Pacific  also operates cargo and passenger   ships on
the Great Lakes and on the Bay of Fundy between Saint John,  New
Brunswick,  and Digby,   Nova Scotia.
Canadian Pacific  Airlines was formed in 1942 through the
amalgamation of 10 smaller Canadian airlines which were experiencing
operational difficulty due to excessive competition and lack of  capital.
Canadian Pacific now operates some  7,000 miles of domestic
air routes,   including   the Vancouver,  Winnipeg,  Toronto-Montreal
transcontinental   service  established in 1959,   ^nd  a north-south network
serving Canada1s rapidly expanding northwest,   and more than 36,000 miles
of international routes.
The international service began  in 1949 when Canadian Pacific
planes started flying between Vancouver  and Japan and China,   and
Vancouver and Australia and New Zealand via Hawaii. - 7 -
The Orient   service now connects with the airlines'  South
American service at Vancouver to iUiexico  City,  Lima,  Peru,  Buenos
Aires and Santiago,  Chile,    Canadian Pacific also  operates a direct
service from Vancouver to Amsterdam,   called the "Trans-Polar"  route.
Another CPA International route extends from lViexico City
through Toronto  and Montreal  to  Lisbon,  Portugal,   and Madrid,   Spain
and in I960 to Rome,  Italy.
Canadian Pacific maintains a large chain of hotels and    •
summer resorts across Canada,     Largest is the  Royal York in Toronto,
the biggest hotel in the British Empire,    An air-conditioned 400-room
addition,   completed in 1959,  brings its capacity to 1,600 rooms,   and
adds outstanding  convention facilities to provide for the needs of an
expanding tftion.
The Chateau Frontenac in Quebec City was the  site  of two
wartime Roosevelt-Churchill conferences,   and also  played host to
King George VI and Queen Elizabeth during their Canadian tour in 1939
and to Queen Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburgh during their Canadian
visit in 1951*
Other hotels   include the  Cornwallis Inn,  Lakeside Inn and
Digby Pines in Nova Scotia;  the Algonquin in Now Brunswick;  the Royal
Alexandra in Winnipeg;   the  Saskatchewan  at Regina;  the Palliser at
Calgary;   famed Banff Springs and beautiful Chateau Lake Louise in the
Canadian Rockies;   and the Empress Hotel at Victoria,   B,C.
Canadian    acific maintains its own communications branch,
Telegraph lines were built at the  same time as the railway itself -    rV
was pushing  across the nation and now world-wide connections  are
established.    The growth of the communications facilities has kept
pace with that of the railway and of the  country itself,  and the
original telegraph service has been extended to include television,
radio,  teletype,  telex and telephone.     The  system comprises some
200,000 miles of facilities,
World-wide transportation and financial   service is offered
by the Canadian Pacific  Express Company,  which operates over land and
sea for more than 33,000 miles,    Its organization includes almost 9,000
offices and correspondents  in Canada and abroad,
In January,  195$,  the company announced the formation of
Canadian Pacific  Oil and Gas Limited with power to engage in all phases
of the discovery,  development,   operation and sale  of oil,  gas and other
mineral resources and their products on its 11,3 million acres of
mineral lands in the Prairie  Provinces,
- 0 -
Doc, 1959,


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