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Canadian Pacific Railway bulletin Canadian Pacific Railway Company Oct 1, 1919

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 Canadian Pacific Railway
MONTREAL, October 1, 1919
BULLETIN  129
liSBjEi-^"
CANADIAN PACIFIC OCEAN SERVICES LTD.—SS. "Empress of France" which resumes service between Canada and Great Britain
this month.—600 feet long; 72 feet wide; gross register 18,500 tons.—The largest and finest steamship on the St. Lawrence Route.
INDEX
Section Page
Alberta, Descriptive Booklet of  27 10
A.T. & S.F.—Santa Fe System, Ticketing via         6 3
Atlantic Lines, Canadian Pacific  11 4
Better Farming Trains......  30 11-12
Block Signals, on Can. Pac. Ry., Automatic...       9 3
British Columbia Coast SS. Canadian Pacific  12 4
Canada's Growth in Railway Facilities  28 10
Canadian Australasian Line  14 6
Canadian West Development Notes        37 15
Cleveland & Buffalo Transit Co...  15 6
Cold Storage Facilities in Canada d.. 32 12
Crop, Canada's 1919 Grain       ........ 35 13
Delaware & Hudson R.R..         16 6
Detroit & Cleveland Navigation Co....  17 6
Dominion Atlantic Ry  18 7
Development Notes, Canadian West..  37 15
Eastern Canada Items of Interest...        36 13-15
Gardens, Canadian Pacific Station.. ....,  13 5-6
Guns, etc., from U.S., Export of  , 33 13
Hinterland of the Prairie Provinces...       31 12
Homeseekers' Round-trip Second Class Tickets ....      4 2
Hotels, Canadian Pacific  10 3
Hudson Navigation Co...  20 7
Hudson River Day Line  19 7
Items of Interest from Eastern Canada.....  v.  36 13-15
Manitoba, Descriptive Booklet of.  27 10
Section
Matson Navigation Co       21
Michigan Central R.R. Connections via Windsor. 22
Muskoka Lakes Navigation Co..  23
New Brunswick Items of Interest.......... . 36
Northern Navigation Co              24
Ocean Services Ltd., Can. Pac  11
Ontario Items of Interest  36
Pacific Lines, Canadian Pacific Steamships  11
Parks, U. S. National, Closing dates of        ... 34
Peat Resources, Canada's Vast.....  29
Prairie Provinces, Hin terland of the      ; 31
Privileges on tickets not covered by Tariff, Do not
promise  _v 5
Quebec & Saguenay Ry           25
Quebec Items of Interest..  36
Railway Facilities, Canada's Growth in  28
Santa Fe System, Ticketing via A.T. & S.F.   6
Saskatchewan, Descriptive Booklet of  27
Signals on Can. Pac. Ry., Automatic Block     9
Station Gardens, Canadian Pacific.  13
Summer Tourist Fares         2
Tariffs, New      i
Terminal Plans, etc. of Canadian Cities  26
Train Service, Can. Pac.......        8
Wabash R.R., Ticketing via Detroit and..  7
Winter Tourist Fares   .... 3
Page
.d"7,. :
8-9
10
13
10
4
13-15
4
13
10-11
12
10
13
10
3
10
3
5-6
2
2
10
3
3
2 TICKET AND  TARIFF  INFORMATION
1. New Tariff s.—Supplement ^ 1 to Tariff *120-2-§102-2, effective September 1, made important
changes.    See Section 14 of this Bulletin for some corrections required in it.
Supplt. 8 to Fare Advice *2765-§613, effective October 1, and cancelling all previous supplements,
gives revised list of persons authorized to sign Soldier Land Settlement certificates.
Supplement 6 to Fare Advice *2799-Supplement 7 to F. A. §643 (combined issue)—regulations and
charges for movement of Canadian troops, etc., took effect September 15. All other supplements except
No. 2 to F. A. §643, are cancelled.
Supplt. 4 to F. A. *2794—Supplt. 5 to F. A. §641 (combined issue) effective Oct. 1, cancels the Fare
Advice and the special round trip arrangements for members of the C. E. F. travelling on furlough.
Supplt. 12 to Local Tariff L45 and Supplt. 2 to Mileage Tariff 13, effective October 1, affect agents
at St. John, N.B., Westfield Beach and Woodstock, N.B., only.
Eastern Lines.
Local Tariff 7, effective early in October, cancels Tariff L41 and contains fares between all stations
between Toronto, Windsor, Sudbury, Port McNicoll and intermediate points on main and branch lines.
Tariff 112, effective October 5, will cancel Tariff 472 and Supplements and give fares from Detroit,
Mich., to eastern destinations in Canada and the United States.
Supplt. 10 to Tariff 494 (connecting railway lines in Canada) effective October 5, cancels all previous
Supplements except Supplt. 7.
Fare Advices 2828 and 2829, effective October 1, give winter tourist fares to southern destinations.
See Section 3 of this Bulletin.
Fare Advice 2830, effective October 25, cancels F. A. 2635 and gives charges for movement of special
passenger cars and special trains from stations in the United States.
Supplement 4 to F. A. 2449 (cancelling Supplement 3) affects agent at Madoc only and Suppl. 17 to
F.A. 2704, agents at St. John, N.B. only.
Tariff Index A18 and Index B18 respectively cancel A17 and B17 and bring up to date the lists of
tariff publications on file with Canadian Railway and Interstate Commerce Commissions.
Western Lines.
Agents in territory affected should have Pacific North West Joint Tariff W No. 4, which cancelled
No. 3, Supplement 5 to Pacific North West Tariff C No. 4, and Supplement 5 to Pacific North West Tariff
E No. 3 cancelling all previous Supplements—all effective September 1.
Supplement 2 to Local Tariff 1-1, in effect September 22, cancels Supplement 1 and gives fares to and
from Barclay, Edison, Margach and Scovil, Ont.
All Agents should have Supplement 27 to Intersection Tariff 306, effective October 1.
Tariff Circular W 35-19, effective September 15, gives fares and instructions for ticketing returning
harvest laborers to points in Eastern Canada from Winnipeg and stations west in Manitoba, Saskatchewan
and Alberta, to and including Macleod, Calgary and Edmonton.
Supplt. 2 to Index C2 cancels Supplt. 1 effective Oct. 1.
2. Summer Tourist Fares.—Agents are reminded that the sale of summer tourist tickets ceases
September 30, 1919, except to points designated by sign X in Tariff * 114-1 from stations on Eastern Lines
only.
3. Winter Tourist Fares, to southern destinations, practically same as last year, will be found in
Fare Advice *2828 for tickets via New York, and in Fare Advice *2829 for tickets via Detroit or Buffalo.
4. Homeseekers' Round Trip Second Class Tickets.—Note that last date of sale authorized
by Tariff 119-2 was September 30, also that every agent on the Eastern Lines is expected to forward promptly
to his District Passenger Agent, on the forms attached to the Tariff, a statement of homeseekers' tickets
sold during 1919 season.
5. Passengers Must Not be Promised Privileges Not Provided for by Tariff.—Both the
Canadian Railway Act and the United States laws forbid the granting of concessions to individuals which
are not open to all, and if passengers ask for stop-overs, extension of limits on tickets or any other privileges
not covered by tariffs, they should be advised that such cannot be granted.
Full details of the arrangements for stop-overs at designated points and the conditions under which
they are obtainable are given in Fare Advice *2800-§644, which will be supplemented from time to time or
reissued as changes make it necessary.
Tariff *498-§335 shows how extension of time limit may be obtained in cases of unexpected illness,
accident, etc., and the matter is referred to also in Sections 211 and 212 of Private Instructions to Ticket
Agents No. 2.
Tariffs or Fare Advices quoting all year round trip, summer tourist and winter tourist fares, etc.,
etc.,rshow exactly what stop-over privileges are obtainable on the tickets.
Applicants should not be told, or allowed to carry away the impression, that they can get stopover, extension of time limit or any other privilege not provided for by tariff, as above, at any office en
route, for they cannot do so.
*Eastern Lines. §Western Lines. 2 <H
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6. Ticketing via A.T. & S.F.—Santa Fe System.—Separate coupons are required for points on
the Atchison Topeka & Santa Fe Coast Lines, i.e., A.T. & S.F. Lines west of Albuquerque, N.M., and for
points on the Gulf Colorado & Santa Fe R.R. (south of Purcell).
Canadian Pacific printed forms of tickets read as follows:
Form No.
96-9
96-10
Ext. 205
Ext. 216
Ext. 557
Can, Pac.
Windsor.
Can. Pac.
Windsor.
From
Kansas City or Atchison
READING
Mich. Cent.
Chicago.
Mich Cent.
Chicago.
A.T. & S.F.
A.T. & S.F.
Albuquerque.
A.T. & S.F.
Purcell.
Transfer.
Transfer.
A.T. & S.F
A. T. & S. F.
Kansas City,
Atchison or
St.Joseph
f (To be used for points between
j      Chicago and Kansas City, St.
[      Joseph or Atchison, inclusive.)
(Paster form to be  used in connection with forms Ext.  205,
216   and   557   beyond—also
other extension forms via connecting railways.)
(For points east   of   and   including  Albuquerque,     Denver,    Colorado     Springs,
Pueblo, Deming, El Paso and Purcell.)
(For points west of Albuquerque.)
(For points south of Purcell.)
The extension forms shown above are to be used also by Canadian Pacific Western Lines Agents in
connection with paster coupon tickets to Kansas City via Portal or Emerson.
Agents requiring to use skeleton form X should make coupons read as above.
7.    Ticketing via Detroit and Wabash R.R.—A new coupon form has been prepared viz. :—
Form , READ ING >
96-52            Can. Pac.       Mich.   Cent.           Det. Taxicab & Transfer        Wabash
Windsor Detroit. Co. to Fort St. Depot. 	
which should be used instead of form 82-30, as the connection with Wabash R.R. is made via Windsor,
Michigan Central R.R. and transfer to the Fort Street Station in Detroit.
Agents requiring this form will make requisition.—
I
A.T. & S.F.-C.L.
"g.c.'&s.'f."*
MATTERS ESPECIALLY  RELATING   TO CANADIAN PACIFIC
8. Canadian Pacific Train Service.—The Trans-Canada Limited, trains 7, 8, 9 and 10, will continue
running daily as at present between Montreal, Toronto, Winnipeg and Vancouver at least until December
31, 1919. The question of continuing them during the winter is under consideration and definite announcement will be made later.
Eastern Lines.
Supplt. 1 to Special Circular 7558 gives details of autumn changes effectives on various dates.
Kingston Subdivision. Referring to item in Section 6 of Bulletin 128. Note that train 614 leaves
Sharbot Lake 3.35 p.m. on arrival of train 36, and is due at Tichborne 4.00 p.m., Kingston 5.35 p.m., daily
except Sunday.
Toronto-Pittsburgh sleepers have been discontinued.
Western Lines.
Trains 13 and 14 will be cancelled west of Moose Jaw, last through Train 13 leaving St. Paul and
last train 14 leaving Vancouver, Oct. 11. Thereafter connection will be made at Moose Jaw to and from
St. Paul with Canadian Pacific main . line trains and observation compartment cars will operate between
St. Paul and Moose Jaw only*
Winnipeg Beach Subdivision. Trains leave Winnipeg 5.20 p.m. Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays
and 2.45 p.m. Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays for Riverton and all intermediate points—returning arrive
Winnipeg 11.10 a.m. Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays and 12.50 p.m. Tuesdays, Thursdays and
Saturdays.
9. Canadian Pacific—Automatic Block Signals.—Referring to Section 12 of Bulletin 99.
In addition to the automatic block signals there described, on the Ontario District the track between
Guelph Junction and Gait has been equipped with normal clear automatic electric signals of the General
Railway Signal Company's Absolute Permissive Block type, and the General Superintendent advises that
work is now under way installing similar signals between Gait and Woodstock, a distance of 30.6 miles, it
having already been completed from Gait to Ayr. There are also automatic electric signals protecting the
junctions at Glen Tay and Agincourt.
10. Canadian Pacific Hotels,—As indicated in Bulletin 128, the following Canadian Pacific Hotels
have closed for the winter:
Algonquin Hotel, St. Andrews, N.B.
Banff Springs Hotel, Banff, Alta.
Chateau Lake Louise, Lake Louise, Alta.
while the following, owned and operated by the Company, remain open all year;
McAdam Hotel, McAdam, N.B. Hotel Palliser, Calgary, Alta.
Chateau Frontenac, Quebec, Que. Sicamous Hotel, Sicamous, B.C.
Place Viger Hotel, Montreal, Que. Hotel Vancouver, Vancouver, B.C.
Royal Alexandra, Winnipeg, Man. Empress Hotel, Victoria, B.C.
3
Emerald Lake Chalet, near Field,
Glacier House, Glacier, B.C.
B.C. 11.    Canadian Pacific Ocean
be as follows, subject to change:—
Services Limited.—Transatlantic Lines.—-Sailings  are intended to
For
Leave Montreal
Steamship Date
Melita  Oct.  1 Liverpool
Tunisian. ......    "10 Havre and London
Minnedosa      "16 Liverpool
Scotian      "23 '■. . . Southampton and Antwerp
Scandinavian...     " 25 . Liverpool
Leave Montreal For
Steamship Date
Grampian ......... .Oct. 26. .......... . .Havre and London
Metagama. . . . .     "    30 Liverpool
Melita     "   31        do
Sicilian Nov.   1  Glasgow
Corsican     "     2 Havre and London
S.S. Empress of France from Quebec for Liverpool, Oct. 7 (see below).
The steamships leave Montreal 10 a.m. and passengers are received on board on the morning of departure.    They do not call at Quebec eastbound.
S.S. Empress of France (see frontispiece of this Bulletin), which makes her first sailing from Quebec
October?, and is scheduled to sail again on Nov. 1 and 25, is the largest and in every respect the finest
steamship running on the St. Lawrence route—600 feet long by 72 feet beam and 18,500 tons gross register.
Like the Empress of Asia and Empress of Russia, she has the cruiser stern, which combines many
advantages and gives the Canadian Pacific ships a particularly striking appearance.
TheEmpress of France has eight decks, named and lettered respectively: Boat, (A); Upper Promenade,
(B); Lower Promenade, (C); Shelter, (D); Upper, (E); Main, (F); Lower, (G); and Orlop, (H). The dining
saloon, which is 60 ft. long and the full width of the vessel, is oak-pannelled in the Jacobean style, the central
portion being open, surrounded by a spacious gallery and topped by a large dome which adds materially to
its magnificent appearance. The smoking room is also in the Jacobean style and in two tiers, special features
being the staircase, which leads to the upper gallery, and the chimney-piece, copied from a celebrated example
at Lindfield, Sussex. The library is in the style of William and Mary's reign and reminiscent of some of the
apartments in Kensington Palace. The card room, 20 by 30 feet, is in the "Adams" style and contains a
very beautiful marble mantelpiece. The first class lounge is after the designs of Sir Christopher Wren for
the Royal apartments at Hampton Court Palace and is considered the finest room on the vessel; its central
portion is 18 feet high. The main entrance and grand staircase are situated immediately abaft the library,
the staircase extending from the upper promenade to the lower deck and enclosing a large passenger lift.
There is telephone installation in all first class staterooms and en suite apartments.
Accommodation is provided for 371 first class, 398 second and 1,000 third class passengers. A feature
of the first class is found in the en suite cabins, each of which consists of two bedrooms, sitting-room, bath
and dressing-rooms; several cabins also have private bathrooms adjoining. There are also a gymnasium and
a verandah cafe. In the second class there are provided a spacious and handsomely furnished smoking room,
a lounge and dining-saloon.
When all the steamships which have been in war service have been refitted, the Canadian Pacific
Ocean Services will have fourteen vessels on the North Atlantic route, with a gross tonnage of 165,000 tons
and a total passenger carrying capacity of about 20,000, including 7,000 cabin and 13,000 third class
passengers. Eleven of these vessels are already in commission, while the other three—Empress of Britain,
Victorian and Virginian—are now being reconditioned and will be ready soon.
The Canadian Pacific Ocean Services Ltd. are acting as agents for the new freight service of the Norwegian-American Steamship Co. between Canada and Norway, which is to begin with S.S. Rangenfjord, due
to arrive Montreal about October 25 and to sail from Montreal about October 30 for Bergen, Stavanger and
Christiana. Enquiries for freight space should be directed to G. D. Robinson, European Freight Agent,
C.P.O.S., Montreal.	
Transpacific Lines.—Sailings from Vancouver are scheduled, subject to change, as:—•
S.S. Empress of Russia  .    Oct.     2
S.S. Empress of Asia. * .......;. . "    30
S.S. Empress of Japan...................     Nov. 13
S.S. Monteagle. . . ... . . . . . •..:.. ... . "    25
Attention is directed to the important advance in Transpacific first and second class fares made by
Supplement 1 to Tariff T.P. 26, effective September 11; also to the fact that, by this supplement, infants
are no longer carried free but that a charge of 10 per cent, of minimum fare, all classes, is made for infants
under two years of age.
12. Canadian Pacific Steamships—British Columbia Coast Service.—Alaska Route.—S.S.
Princess Mary sails from Victoria 11 p.m. October 10, 20 and 30, and Vancouver 9 p.m. next day for Skagway,
calling en route at Alert Bay, Prince Rupert, Ketchikan, Wrangel and Juneau, and being due to arrive Skagway the fourth day after departure from Vancouver.
Vancouver-Victoria-Seattle Route.—Night service Vancouver to Seattle is daily except Sunday, and
Seattle to Vancouver daily except Monday. Steamer Indianapolis leaves Seattle 9.00 a.m. Mondays for
Victoria and, returning, leaves Victoria 4.30 p.m. Mondays for Seattle.
Vancouver- Nanaimo Route.—Service will probably be reduced to one round trip daily except Sunday
about October 1.
B.C. Coast S.S. Circular 420, effective Sept. 1 and cancelling Circular 379 contains a reprint of
Circulars issued prior to July 1, 1919, and still in force.
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o 13. Canadian Pacific Station Gardens.—The pictures selected this month are from points widely
separated, showing how general is the
movement for beautification of the
Company's premises and how well the
object is being attained.
McAdam, N.B., G. H. Gallagher,
Agent; C. Bucelli, gardener.-—This is
a very busy station, used daily by
large numbers of passengers en route
between the lowxr provinces and other
portions of Canada, as well as the New
England States and beyond, and the
surroundings are being made much
more attractive by the gardening operations w^hich are producing good results,
McA dam, N.B. —Brownville Division
New Brunswick District—Can. Pac. Ry.
as^shown in picture, taken from the
south (or St. Andrews) side of the
station. Flowers grown at McAdam
are antirrhinum, alyssum, asters, del-
phinum, geraniums, gypsophila, hydrangeas, marigolds, nasturtiums,
peonies, sweet peas, scabiosa and
zinnias.
Guelph Junction, Ont., N. Murray,
Agent.—Prior to 1917 the ground between the station and water tank was
rough, with gravel showing in many
places; that year it was levelled off and
a few flowers planted in. In 1918 the
entire space was turned into a garden
%       "^m-
mm0^mmmmm,m,,^.
ill^^Wiillii
ddiid?T:f f'';'■:
Guelph Junction, Ont.—London Division
Ontario District—Canadian Pacific Ry.
(as shown) which delighted the eyes
of many travellers. A winding cinder
path with a large circle at each end
was run through the garden, touching
the edge of each of the 14 flower beds.
The bed prominent in the picture contains cannas, geraniums and silver
leaf; others each have a few perennials,
such as lilac, caragana and spirea, and
the remaining space filled with petunias, phlox, asters, geraniums, salvia,
lobelia, kochia or summer cypress,
sweet alyssum, etc., etc. Mr. Murray,
the agent, himself, and W. Bishop,
gardener, attend to and have done all
the arranging of this garden.
Sask.—Regina Division
Saskatchewan District—Canadian Pacific Ry.
Balgonie, Sask.—J. E. Bienvenue,
Agent, has taken first prize every year
but two since 1908. The garden is 160
feet long by 45 ft. wide, surrounded by
trees, with a row of sweet peas all
around it, and having four small corner
beds (one of verbena, one of asters and
two of marigolds) and two large beds in
the centre which contain verbenas,
marigolds, stocks, phlox, pansies, etc.,
with the usual border plants and the
remainder being green lawn. Mr.
Bienvenue is to be congratulated on
his success.
Maple Creek, Sask., S. A. Thorn,
agent; W. Cummings, gardener.—The
5      Maple Creek, Sask.—Saskatchewan District—Can. Pac. Ry. picture shows only about one-third of the garden, which contains a number of trees and shrubs, including
ash, elm, maple, lilac, caragana, sand cherry, red willow and honeysuckle. The centre bed is filled with
petunias bordered with blue lobelia and, between the fence and the grass, is an assortment of columbine,
larkspur, Iceland and shirley poppies, peonies, tulips, cornflowers, gaillardia, asters, snap dragon, clarkia,
nasturtiums and verbena.
INFORMATION RE CONNECTING LINES
14. Canadian-Australasian Line.—S.S. Niagara is scheduled to leave Vancouver October 3,
and S.S. Makura October 8 for Honululu, Suva, Auckland and Sydney, the Niagara to leave
Vancouver southbound on her next trip November 26 and the Makura December 8.
Changes in Tariff.—Referring to Supplement 1 to Tariff *120-2—§102-2, please note the two-in-room
rate to Sydney for cabins-de-luxe A and B on S.S. Niagara should be shown as $356.25 and the minimum first
cabin round-trip fare Vancouver or Victoria to Honolulu per SS.Makura (page 4) as $170.
Also referring to pages 10 and 11 of the Tariff itself, cancel the basis given for fares to Apia, Samoa. Passengers for that point hereafter require to pay local fare from Suva in addition to the fare to Suva.    The fares
from Suva to Apia are: -.      Xn
rirst Class
One-way        Round-trip
Direct.  £5.0. £8.5.
Via Nukuloafa  7.5. 12.5.
At present there is only one steamer on the route and it makes monthly voyages, one trip going direct to
Apia and returning via Nukuloafa and the next trip reversing this. Passengers for Apia or Nukuloafa
should be ticketed to Suva and left to repurchase.
Steerage or Third Class
One-way     Round-trip
£3.0. £5.0.
4.10. 7.5.
Theatricals.—When Tariff *120-2—§102-2 is next reissued or supplemented, paragraph 3 of section
8 on page 15 will be made to read as follows:—
''There are no special fares for theatrical performers. Theatrical companies travelling first-class
"will be allowed 60 cubic feet and second-class 30 cubic feet per adult free of charge between Vancouver,
''Honolulu, Suva, Auckland or Sydney, scenery or baggage in excess being charged $7.50 per ton of 40 cubic
"feet to Honolulu and $15 per ton of 40 cubic feet to Suva, Auckland or Sydney. An extra charge of $1.25
"per ton will be made for each intermediate handling. This special baggage allowance applies to theatricals,
"whether travelling alone or in parties.
"In booking theatrical performers to points in Australasia it is very important that their names be
"given exactly as they appear in the passports (or permits to leave the country) held by the passengers and
"not their stage names, when the latter differ from their real names as given in the Government documents."
15. Cleveland & Buffalo Transit Co.—Service continues daily, Sunday included, between Buffalo
and Cleveland until November 15, when it will be withdrawn for the winter.
16. Delaware & Hudson R.R.—The following is revised condensed schedule of Delaware & Hudson
trains between Montreal and New York with connections for Binghamton, etc., as now in effect:
Train 2 Train 2
Montreal (Windsor Street Station) Lve. t945 a.m. §9.45 a.m.
Plattsburg Arr. 12.25 p.m. 12.25 p.m.
Glens Falls     " 7.24    "                 	
Saratoga Springs    " 5.05    " 5.05    "
Troy ."    " 6.28    " 6.27    "
Albany  ...   " 6.25    " 6.25    "
New York (Grand Central Station)    " f 10.10    " §11.05    "
Train 8
10 p.m.
41    "
1.56 a.m.
3.10    "
4.05    "
*7.26 "
Train 10
*8.20p.m.
3.15 a.m.
*7.26    "'
Albany, N.Y Arr.     |6-25 p.m.
do. . Lve. fll.30    "
Cobleskill, N.Y Arr. 11.17 a.m.
Oneonta, N.Y Arr. ^2.30    "
4.05 a.m.
|7.15 a.m. §8.20 adm.
f9.08 " §10.02    "
tl0.35a.m. §11.10 a.m.
Cooperstown,  N.Y Arr.
fl2.25 p.m.
§12 .25 p.m.
Sidney, N.Y	
Nineveh, N.Y	
Binghamton, N.Y.
.Arr.
13.13 a.m.
3.40    "
114.30    "
|H.27 a.m.
11.55    "
t!2.55 p.m.
§11.54 p.m.
12.25    "
§1.20    "
Nineveh, N.Y Lve.
Carbondale, Pa  Arr.
Scranton, Pa    "
Pittston, Pa    "
Wilkes-Barre, Pa...    "
t8.25 p.m.
10.55    "
til.45    "
112.24 a.m.
1112.50    "
§7.40 p.m
10.05    "
10.55    „
11.29    "
§11.50    "
*Daily. tDairy except Sunday. §Sunday only. 1[Daily except Monday.
f Train   2—Parlor car Montreal to Albany and cafe coach Plattsburg to Albany.
J Train   8—Sleepers Montreal to Albany and Plattsburg to New York.
Train 10—Sleepers (including one compartment car) Montreal to New York via Troy.    No coach passengers carried .',
^ between Montreal and Troy on this train.
§J^*NOTE.—Through train service Montreal Windsor Street Station to New York Grand
Central Station.
Equipment.
17.—Detroit & Cleveland Navigation Co.—Steamers now leave Detroit for Mackinac Island 5
p.m. Mondays and 8.30 a.m. Fridays. Service between Detroit and Cleveland and between Detroit and
Buffalo continues daily for the present.
*Eastern Lines. §Western Lines, 6
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V*fafi |W * Forest H^e   Benjamin^^A^°V^
- r 't   n c/New Ross r^^^T f     &J* Y.
.Lake George    d Road        f 7 $.-        ^      /
18.   Dominion Atlantic Ry.—
Among the many attractive points reached by the Dominion Atlantic Ry. is Parrs-
boro, N.S., on the north shore of Minas
Basin (see map). Through passengers on
round-trip tickets are allowed ten days'
stop-over at Wolf ville, where they take
the staunch and well-found Dominion
Atlantic Ry. steamship Prince Albert, for
the interesting trip past the base of Cape
Blomidon and across the Basin to Parrs-
boro. From the steamer one can understand why Cape Blomidon, as seen from
Wolf ville or Grand Pre, has such a peculiar outline, the upper half being a sheer
perpendicular while the lower half is a
slope of dizzying steepness—one sees that
the lower part is composed of a soft red
sandstone, which wears away faster above
than beneath, and to the ruddy slopes
clings a meagre growth of birch and other
trees, grasping desperately at the crevices
to keep themselves from plunging into the
waves—the upper part is a naked wall
of dark grey trap, which some far-off
cataclysm poured out in molten lava upon
the sandstone, and to the far brink of this
wall hangs a fringe of fir trees. After pass-
To Parrsboro via Kingsport and steamer ing Cape Blomidon is seen Amethyst
{Cut loaned by Dominion Atlantic Ry.) Cove and then Cape Split—Blomidon's
great rival—taking its name from the slender pinnacle of rock, the refuge of countless seabirds,
which towers out of the surging water just off the main headland, whence it evidently was split away in
some stupendous convulsion.
The Cumberland shore, on which Parrsboro is
situated, has some mighty headlands of its own, and the
approach to the town is exceedingly attractive from a
scenic standpoint, besides which the whole region
abounds in Indian legends, particularly those centering
around Glooscap, the demi-god of the Micmacs. He is
reputed to have had a personal encounter on a large
scale with the Great Beaver in which he used the Five
Islands (lofty and strange-shaped rocks) as missiles, and,
after the defeat of his enemy, tore open the dam between
Blomidon and the western shore so that the waters
thundered out and no successor of the Great Beaver
might ever build his lodge in the Basin of Minas.
Parrsboro is the centre of a splendid fishing and
hunting region and in all directions lie picturesque scenes
which are reached easily by driving. Apple River, Advocate Harbor, Cape D'Or will all richly reward the artist
or tourist seeking beauty and variety of landscape. At
Five Islands is an attractive summer resort with the
added charm of a goodly sprinkling of ghosts, said to walk
there. The woods which closely surround the town, are
full of game and the whole Cumberland peninsula is a
famous resort of moose. The turbulent little rivers are
rich in salmon and, as for the trout, they swarm in every purple eddy, dark "still-water" and rippling amber
run.    (Condensed from Dominion Atlantic Ry. pamphleL)	
19. Hudson River Day Line Steamers continue to run daily between New York and Albany until
October 19 inclusive, when the service will end for this season.
20. Hudson Navigation Co.—Service is expected to continue until Dec. 1.
21. Matson Navigation Co. announces that S.S. Wilhelmina, Matsonia and Maui have been released by the Government and will resume regular service, the former in November and the two latter in
December. These three ships, together with the Manoa, will make weekly sailings between San Francisco
and Honolulu}. , \
On the Basin of Minas
{Cut loaned by Dominion Atlantic Ry.) 22. Michigan Central R.R. Connections via Windsor.—The Michigan Central R.R., over which
the Canadian Pacific through Chicago Expresses 19 and 20, and the connections of trains 635 and 21, run via
Windsor, reaches most important points in the State of Michigan, also several important places in other
States, and very excellent connections are made for same by our through trains as above. Westbound
service is, at present, as follows:—
Lv. Montreal.
Train 37—"The York"
Lv. Ottawa (Central Station)...    tl .00 p.m	
Lv. Smiths Fails       2.35    "     	
Lv. Belleville...  5.30    "    ....
Trenton       5.53    "     	
Cobourg....  6.49    "     ....
PortHope  7.00    "     .....
Bowmanville  7.42    "     ....
Oshawa  8.04    "     ....
Whitby..  8.17    "     ....
Ar. Toronto Union  f9.30    "
Lv.
Ar.
Peterboro	
Toronto Union.
Lv,
Ar.
Train 635 "Michigan Special'
Toronto Union...  fH -40 p.m.
Gait  11.53 a.m.
Woodstock  2.52    *
London  3.50    *
Chatham (Eastern Time)... 5.55    "
Detroit (Central Time)  16.50    "
Sleepers Toronto to
Detroit.
(Lv.
Ar.
(Note train 635 does not run out of Toronto Sundays.)
Detroit (C.T.)
Ypsilanti, Mich.,
Ann Arbor     "
Jackson "
Albion
Marshall "
Battle Creek "
Kalamazoo "
Dowagiac "
Niles
Galien
*7.25 a.m.
®
®
.12
8.57
®
1
®
9.57
10.29
)  .. ..
11.29
®
♦8.00 a.m. 1
8.38
8.50
9.50
10.22
®
®
10.55    "
11.27    "
a
12.33 p.m.
Michigan City, Ind. 12.15 p.m.     1.21 p.m
East Gary
Gary
Hammond
Kensington
63rd Street
Hyde Park
43 rd Street
Chicago	
'®
"®
"©
111.®
1.42
1.45
1.49
2 00
®.
®1.56
®2.13
®....
2.44
2.47
2.50
♦3.00
All passengers change]
cars at Detroit.
Through trains Detroit to Chicago.
Branch
Lines
from
Jackson,
Mich.
i-v,
Ar
Lv.
Ar.
r Detroit
Jackson
Mich.
Eaton Rapids
Charlotte
Hastings
Grand Rapids
. *8.15 a.m.
.. 10.00 "
..*10.20 "
.. 10.59 "
.. 11.16 "
.. 12.14p.m.
..  *1.00    "
Change cars at Detroit]
in same station.
Lv. Grand Rapids, Mich.
Ar.  Muskegon a
®fl.20p.m.
.  f2.50    «
lViaG.R.&.LR.R.from
I Grand Rapids.
{ Change cars in same|
J    station.
Lv.
Ar.
Lv.
Ar.
Detroit
Jackson
«
Lansing
Mich.
.  *8.15 a.m.
.♦10.00    "
.UO.35    «
.til.44   •■*.
(Change cars at Jack-|
[    son in same station.
Lv.
Ar.
Lv.
Ar.
Detroit...
Jackson.
.Mich.
Three Rivers,.
t 8.15 a.m.
tlO.OO    "
tl0.20    "
tl2.38p.m.
Branch [Ar.
from   J Lv.
Kala-   ]Ar.
mazoo  I
Kalamazoo,.. Mich.
« a
South Haven    u
♦11.27 a.m.
♦ 4.00 p.m.
♦ 5.45    "
Train 19 "The|
Canadian"
Through Trainj
for Chicago
without change
*8.45 a.m
*9.50 a.m.
11.55    "
*2.28p.m.
2.56 "
3.55 "
4.06 "
4.44 "
5.02 "
5.12 "
♦6.15 «
*3.20p.m.
♦6.00    "
*6.35 p.m.
8.15    "
9.10    *
10.05    "
11.40   "
♦12.15 a.m.
♦12.30 a.m.
1.08 "
1.20 "
2.15 "
2.53 "
3.09 *
3.29 "
4.02 "
4.59 "
5.20 "
5.41. "
6.10 "
6.39 "
6.47 "
7.06 "
7.20 "
7.34 "
7.37 "
7.40 «
♦7.55 "
♦12.30 a.m.
0*2.15 "
♦3.35 «
4.15 «.
4.35 "
5.20 "
♦6.28 "
•7.15-
*8.45
♦12.30 a.m.
♦2.15 "
♦4.25 "
♦5.18 "
♦4.02 a.m.
♦7.50    "
♦9.35    "
Train 21
Remarks
no.00 p.m.
^10.32 p.m.
♦1.15 a.m.
♦3.52 "
4.18 "
5.10 "
5.21 *
5.58 "
6.18 "
6.28 "
♦7.40 "
Ottawa day train passengers
change cars at Smiths Falls;
night train at Toronto.
♦4.53 a.m.
7.20    "
Peterboro passengers
change cars at Toronto
Union.
♦8.00 a.m.'
9.48    "
10.36    "
11.20    "
12.53 p.m.
♦1.20    "
♦1.55 p.m.]
2.32 "
2.44 "
3.40 "
4.11 "
4.28 "
4.47 "
5.20 "
6.15 "
6.35 "
®6.56 A:
7.26 "
©8.17-
8.30
8.47
8.51
8.55
♦9.05
Passengers on Train 19 go
through to Chicago without change.
Passengers on Train 21
change cars at Detroit.
♦5.15 p.m.)
©*6.50    r
♦7.00    '
7.40
7.57    '
8.39
♦9.35
] Via Grand Rapids & Indiana
R.R. from Grand Rapids
Change^ cars at Grand
Rapids in same station.
♦7.15 a.m.
♦8.45  "
Change cars at Jackson in
same station.
[Change cars at Jackson in
f   same station.
Change cars at Kalamazoo
in same station.
o
o
♦Daily.    tDaily except Sunday.    IDaily except Monday.   ®On Sundays leave Grand Rapids 5.15 p.m.,
©Passengers are forwarded by local train from convenient stopping points.   ©Stops to leave passengers
©This train carries sleeper Detroit to Grand Rapids; coach passengers change at Jackson.
©This is a through train Detroit to Grand Rapids. 8
arrive Muskegon 6.40 p.m.
from points east of Detroit. MICHIGAN CENTRAL RR. WEST FROM DETROIT.
Train 635 "Michigan Special"
Train 19" The
Canadian"
Through train
from Montreal to
Chicago.  No
change of cars.
Train 21
Remarks
Branch fAr.  Niles, Mich ^12 .33 p.m. 1
from  {Lv. " "   t2.20    "
Niles   [Ar. South Bend, Ind   f2.55    "
Change cars at Niles
in same station.
' ! Change   cars   at   Niles   in
' f    same station.
r... „u fAr.. Galien, Mich.
Branch T «     '      «
from
JLv.
rQi£« lAr   St- Joseph, Mich	
uanen ^ «    Benton Harbor, Mich,
♦5.41 a.m.
flO.15    "
11.30    "
til.45    "
♦6.56 p.m.]
f7.45    "     I Change cars at Galien in
\S.33    "     [     same station.
f8.50    "    J
Branch fAr. East Gary, Ind.
from  JLv. "
East   [ Matteson, 111..
Gary   ( Joliet,           "   .
♦6.39 a.m.
tl.OOp.m.
3.30    "
t5.00    «
Change cars at East Gary
in same station.
♦Daily.        fDaily except Sunday.
MICHIGAN CENTRAL RR. NORTH FROM DETROIT
o
d
o
M.C.
Main
Line
North
Lv. Detroic      	
Ar. Lapeer    	
"    Vassar	
u    Saginaw (Washington Ave.).
" do      (Genesee Ave.)....
"    Bay City (West Side)	
" do m      (East Side)	
Lv. Bay City.	
Ar.  Cheboygan	
"    Mackinaw Citv	
. Mich.
Connection of CP.
Connection of CP.
Trains 19 and 635
Train 21
♦8.05 a.m.
t5.20
p.m.
♦9.00 p.m.
10.18    "
7.26
«
10.49    "
11.04    "
8.11
u
11.29    *,
11.50    "
8.43
it
12.12 a.m.
12.01p.m.
8.53
it
12.27    "
12.36    "
9.25
tt
12.55    "
♦12.40    "
t9.30
a
♦1.00    "
|12.50    «
♦1.10    "
5.45    "
6.43    "
t6.10    "
♦7.10    "
♦Daily tDaily except Sunday
Note.—Passengers by Canadian Pacific train 19 for points north of Detroit remain overnight at Detroit. They can leave
Detroit for all points north at 8.05 a.m. week days and for Bay City and intermediate points on Sundays. The 8.05 a.m. train
carries parlor car and cafe coach to Mackinaw City week days, cafe coach Sundays Detroit to Bay City and seat accommodation may be obtained in sleeper.
Passengers by Canadian Pacific train 635 make same connections north of Detroit as if arriving by train 19.
Passengers by Canadian Pacific Train 21 for Saginaw and Bay City and intermediate points on weekdays take 5.10 p.m. train,
which carries parlor car and cafe coach, and reach destination same evening. For points north of Bay City daily and also for Bay
City and points south on Sundays, they take 9.00 p.m. train which carries sleeping car.
MT Agents will please study the above carefully so as to be prepared to advise passengers.
Connections at Detroit with Michigan Central—Big Four Route for Ohio points, &c.—
SOUTHBOUND—READ DOWN
C.P.R. C.P.R. C.P.R.
Train 21 Train 633      Train 635
ALL TRAINS DAILY
Except as noted
8.00 a.m.
9.48    "
10.36    "
11.20    "
12.53 p.m.
1.20 p.m.
®t2.25   "
4.10    "
For points
south of
Toledo
connection is
by 10.20 p.m.
Train from
Detroit
3.30 p.m.
5.30
6.30
7.28
9.23
10.10
10.20
11.59
1.56 a.m.
3.10 "
4.00 "
4.35 "
5.40 *
7.35    "
til.40 p.m.
11.53 a.m.
2.52    "
3.50    "
5.55    "
16.50 a.m.
11.30    "
1.10 p.m.
2.44 "
3.50 "
4.30 "
5.00 "
5.55    "
7.45 "
7.30 a.m.
7.45 p.m.
.Ar.
Lv Toronto . .
 Gait	
 Woodstock	
 London	
 Chatham	
Ar. .Detroit (Mich. Cent.) .Lv.
Lv. .Detroit (Mich. Cent.) .Ar.
Ar Toledo, Ohio Lv.
 Carey, Ohio	
 Belief ontaine, Ohio . . ......
 LTrbana, Ohio. ......
.... . .Springfield, Ohio	
. Dayton, Ohio	
 Cincinnati, Ohio	
 Indianapolis, Ind.
C.P.R.
Train 20
8.30 a.m.
6.42    "
5.47   «
4.50    "
3.13 "
12 .35 a.m.
8.35 p.m.
6.5S    «
5.14 «
4.00 "
3.22 "
3.00 "
2.10    "■■■
12.20    "
NORTHBOUND—READ UP
C.P.R. C.P.R.
Train 634 Train 22
10.00 p.m.
8.15    ?'
7.23    «
6.30    "
5.00    «
2.20    «
11.50 a.m.
10.04    u
tlO.OOa.m.
4
.45
p.m.
2
.55
a
2
.03
ii
1
.12
it
11
.18
a.m.
8
30
a.m.
7
.10
a.m.
5
.25
u
3
.20
it
1
.45
it
12
.55
it
12
.30
u
11
.30
p.m.
9.45
it
9.00 p.m.
tDaily except Sunday.        IDaily except Monday.
5.12 p.m. and arrives Toledo 7.10 p.m.
©This is New York Central train — on Sundays train leaves Detroit
All times east of Detroit are Eastern Standard; Detroit and South Central Standard (one hour slower than
Eastern).
Equipment.—Trains leaving Detroit 10.20 p.m. and arriving Detroit 7.45 a.m. carry Pullman sleepers between Detroit and
Cincinnati, between Detroit and Springfield and Columbus and between Detroit and Indianapolis.
Trains leaving Detroit 11.30 a.m. and arriving Detroit 8.35 p.m. carry parlor car and diner between Detroit and Cincinnati.
C.P.R. Trains 21 and 22, 633 and 634 carry cafe parlor cars between Toronto and Detroit (M.C); Train 635 sleepers Toronto
to Detroit; Train 20, sleeper Detroit to Toronto (which may be occupied after 9 p.m.)and diner from London.
9 23. Muskoka Lakes Navigation Co.— Condensed schedule will be in effect as follows until
October 13:
DAILY EXCEPT SUNDAY
7.00 a.m.            2.15 p.m. Lve. .Bala (Falls) ,.. .Arr 11.50 a.m. 7.00 p.m.
©7.35   "           ®  Arr Dudley....   " ®  ©6.00   "
8.20   "           ®...         '■' Mortimers Point "■' ®  5.15   "
10.00   "               3.30 p.m.        "   ....... .Beaumaris " 10.30   " 3.45   "
              4.45    "            "    PortCarling.    ". 9.30   " 	
              5.05   "           "•  Windermere    " 9.00   "
              5.30   '■'           "   . Royal Muskoka    " 8.30   " 	
 : . .             6.15   "           "    Juddhaven  '" 7.35   " 	
7.00   "           "    Rosseau  '" 6.45   " 	
5.15   "           "    Minett    " 8.30   " 	
 5.35    "            "    Gregory    ". 8.10   " 	
              6.00   "           ',' PortSandfield " 7.50   "
              6.15    "            "■■•.:.' Elgin House    " 7.30   "	
7.00   "           " Hamill'sPoint. ......   " 7.30   "	
■.-..-          ®          "    Lake Joseph :"   .	
              8.00   " Arr Stanley House Lve 6.30   "
®Call made by previous arrangement only. ©Calls Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday only.
After October 13 service will be tri-weekly only, steamers leaving 7.00 a.m. Tuesday, Thursday and
Saturday only, and arriving Bala 6.15 p.m. Monday, Wednesday and Friday only.
24. Northern Navigation Co.—Steamers leave Sarnia 7.30 p.m. Mondays and Saturdays until
October 30th inclusive, and leave Port Arthur 12.30 p.m. Sundays and Wednesdays until November 2 inclusive.
25. Quebec & Saguenay Ry. is in operation between Quebec and Murray Bay, a distance of 88
miles. Train leaves the Quebec Ry. Light & Power Co.'s Station, Quebec (distant about 300 yards from
Canadian Pacific Palais Station) 8.00 a.m. and arrives Murray Bay 12.25 p.m., returning leaves Murray Bay
3.35 p.m. and arrives Quebec 8.00 p.m. daily except Sunday.
Present fares between Quebec and principal stations are as follows (each way):—Baie St. Paul, $1.95,
Les Eboulements $2.25, St. Irenee $2.70, Pointe a Pic $2.90, Murray Bay $2.95.
The above is given for information only.   Through tickets must not be sold at present.
Section 21 of Bulletin 128 is cancelled. • . ■"• d
o
MISCELLANEOUS
26. Terminal plans, etc. of Canadian Cities—Circular *575—§2890, effective early in October,
contains town plans, terminal line maps and general information regarding methods of passengers, baggage,
car and train transfer in the principal Canadian Cities
27. Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba.—Under this title the Canadian Pacific Ry. Department of Colonization and Development, has just issued a revised edition of its attractive
folder pamphlet, containing much information about the prairie provinces and the opportunities offered the
settler by the Canadian Pacific Ry in those provinces. It is well illustrated and contains a map showing in
red the Canadian Pacific farm lands and in blue the Canadian Pacific irrigated districts. Among other
interesting matter the pamphlet contains the following statement:—u According to a Dominion estimate, there
uare in these three provinces 272,892,000 acres of land suitable for agriculture, without taking into account forest
uland that may ultimately be tilled. Of this vast acreage there were in 1917 only 26,208,318 acres under crop.11
which shows what unrivalled facilities for settlement there are in the "Last Great West."
28. Canada's Growth in Railway Facilities.—"Railway Statistics of the Dominion of Canada,"
issued by the Government, and bringing the figures down to June 30, 1918, contains some interesting information. In 1836 Canada had 16 miles of railway; in 1858 this had grown to 1863; in 1878 to 6226; 1888
to 12,163; 1898 to'16,870; 1908 to 22,966, and in 1918 to 38,879, an increase of almost 50 per cent, in the last
decade. Besides this total of single track there were in operation at June 30, 1918, a double track mileage of
2,681 (over 1500 miles of which belongs to Canadian Pacific Ry.,) and 9,294 miles of yards and sidings.
In 1875, the Canadian railways carried 5,190,416 passengers and 5,670,837 tons of freight; in 1918, the
number of passengers was 50,737,294, and the freight tonnage 127,543,687. The number of passengers
carried one mile in 1918 was 3,190,025,682, and the tons of freight hauled one mile 31,029,072,279.
Total number of locomotives in use June 30, 1918, was 5,756; of passenger cars 6,376, and of freight
cars 209,243. The mileage run by passenger trains was 41,850,189, by freight trains 60,143,014, mixed trains
7,787,636, special trains 76,721, and by non-revenue (i.e., work trains, etc.) 4,158,919 in 1918. The total
revenue train mileage in 1918 was 109,857,560, about six and a half times what it was in 1875 and more than
double what it was in 1900—which indicates how rapidly this country and its railway facilities have grown.
29. Canada's Vast Peat Resources.—Referring to Section 31 of Bulletin 127, Eugene Haanel,
Director Mines Branch Canadian Government, is authority for the statement that the total estimated area
of Canada overlain by peat bogs is 37,000 square miles and, of this total area, the .known peat bogs of
Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec and New Brunswick comprise 12,000 square miles, with an average depth of 6
*Eastern Lines §Western Lines 10 o
o
o
o
• f
feet, and that is probably only a portion of the actual extent of this valuable fuel asset in the provinces. One
square mile of peat bog with an average depth of 6 feet will produce 774,000 tons of peat fuel with a moisture
content of 25%, and the 12,000 square miles will therefore contain about 9,300,000,000 tons of peat, with a
fuel value equivalent to about 5,400,000,000 tons of good coal and, while it is not fair to assume that all the
peat contained in the bogs is suitable for fuel, this is nearly enough correct to illustrate the enormous
potential energy stored in our vast peat deposits, and only awaiting development. So far, the Mines
Branch has located, mapped, investigated, etc., peat bogs covering approximately 175,000 acres and has published reports covering 58 bogs with an area of 140,000 acres, estimated to be capable of producing 115,000,000
tons of fuel and 10,500,000 tons of peat litter. Within convenient shipping distance of Toronto are seven
. bogs estimated to be capable of producing 26,500,000 tons of fuel, and seven bogs in the vicinity of Montreal
could supply that city with 23,500,000 tons of fuel.
Peat is a clean fuel to handle, commonly has a very low ash content, produces no soot or other
deposit when burned in an ordinary cookstove or open fireplace, and is very easy to light, but it is more
bulky than coal, a pound of average anthracite coal being equal in heating value to 1.8 lbs. of peat fuel.
3.0. Better Farming Trains.—Bulletin 108 (Section 41) contained an account of the Better Farming Special Trains run in the Prairie Provinces during past years and they have been referred to also in
the Canadian West Development
Notes from time to time. The
accompanying cuts (loaned by the
Agricultural Gazette of Canada,
Ottawa, Ont.), illustrate the train
which ran over the Canadian
Pacific Rys. lines in the southwestern part of Saskatchewan this
year, under the joint auspices of
the Saskatchewan Dept. of Agriculture, the College of Agriculture
connected with the Provincial
University and the Canadian
Pacific Ry. It consisted of 13
lecture and demonstration cars
equipped for the giving of instruction  On  livestock,  field husbandry, Better Farming Train—Representatives of Five Breeds of Cattle
-  .__._.-. -_ ,    poultry, farm mechanics, boys' &
girls' work and domestic science.
The livestock section comprised
three cars of choice livestock, including representatives of dairy,
beef and dual purpose cattle, a
Clydesdale mare, Yorkshire, Tam-
worth and Berkshire hogs and some
range ewes with their progeny,sired
by purebred rams, and a covered
flat car serving as a platform on
which to display the animals
during demonstrations. The field
husbandry section was made up of
a demonstration car containing an
attractive display of soil products
and  charts  and  a  lecture  car  in
** « -   i
'.mm *k wmmxmmt
Better Farming Train—A Demonstrated Lecture on Livestock
which agricultural authorities
discused various problems of interest to the farming communities.
One demonstration car provided
poultry instruction; it carried live
specimens of the various breeds of
poultry suitable to Saskatchewan,
brooders and incubators in operation, model poultry houses and
other material.
The farm mechanics' section
consisted of two cars of mechanical
exhibits including sectional models
of farm buildings, illustrating convenient arrangement combined
with proper provision for lighting
and ventilation; sectional models of steam and gasoline engines, a working model of a pneumatic water supply
system and an electric lighting system suitable for farm homes; model dairy equipment, etc.
11 (Over)
Better Farming Train—The Livestock Cars o
Better Farming Trains—-Continued
■ In the boys' & girls' section, illustrated lectures were given on such subjects as birds and insects native
to Saskatchewan, public buildings of Saskatchewan, school gardening and boy's & girls' club cont ests,etc, etc.
Two cars were devoted to household science, one for lectures and demonstrations and the other used
as a nursery car in charge of a matron, where young children could be looked after while their parents took in
the other parts of the train. Lecturers and demonstrators dealt with food values, proper cooking, laundering,
sewing, sanitation, ventilation and home nursing, etc., etc., and various labor saving devices for the rural
home were displayed.
The tour this year was an unqualified success. Stops were made at 58 points, at the rate of two
per diem, i.e., spending from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m., at one place and from 2.30 to 6.30 p.m. at the other, and
the train was visited by 31,438 persons, including 14,306 children. The town of Leader justified its name
in having the largest attendance with a total of 1535, showing a commendable thirst for knowledge on the
part of farmers who, to use a happy phrase coined recently, are to a great extent "New Canadians".
31. The Hinterland of the Prairie Provinces.—The following extracts are from report made by
F. H. Kitto, D.L.S., who recently conducted an expedition into the northern parts of Alberta, Manitoba and
Saskatchewan, under direction of the Natural Resources Branch, Dominion Department of the Interior:
11 From Edmonton I travelled to within a few miles of McMurray by rail over the partially con-
tlstructed line of the ©Alberta Great Waterways Railway. From McMurray, on the Athabaska River, at the
"confluence of the Clearwater, to Hudson's Bay, my principal mode of travel was by canoe, following the old
"historic trade routes of the Churchill, Saskatchewan and Nelson Rivers. The expedition took me through the
'"hinterland of the prairie provinces and afforded an excellent opportunity to note the resources of such districts.
* * * * uBetween Edmonton and Fort McMurray the country may quite rightly be classed as agricultural land,
11 though north of Lac La Biche it is practically worthless in its present condition. This is merely because of its
ulack of drainage. As a vast reclamation project it offers encouraging possibilities.. Once drained and cleared,
11 this section should readily fall into Une as highly productive farm lands. Mineral assets in the Fort McMurray
"region include vast deposits of tar sands, which outcrop along the banks of the Athabaska, Clearwater and Chris-
utian Rivers. Gas has been flowing for several years from a well bored for experimental purposes at rapids on
"the Athabaska River. It has also been found at several other points. Boring for oil is being prosecuted with
"encouraging indications. Sulphur springs occur on the Clearwater and outcrops of coal have been found below
"Fort McMurray.11
"All along the Churchill, and bordering the numerous lakes and rivers that feed it, are to be found innumer-
"able areas of exceedingly fertile land, usually wooded.   ******"
"Water power is available in large blocks at various points on the Churchill and Sturgeon-Weir Rivers.
"About seven miles below Stanley, where Rapid River joins the Churchill, there is an excellent site for power.
"It is on Rapid River, a few hundred feet from its mouth. The water supply should be plentiful as the river
"drains the great ®Lac la Ronge. At present there is no near market for this power were it developed, but any
"small settlement could easily obtain power for local uses.
" "Fur and fish represent two of the greatest resources of Northern Saskatchewan, proven and im-
"mediately available for use.
"North of the Pas are found © Manitoba's new copper fields which promise to produce a camp of consider-
"able magnitude. Lying close to the copper fields are rich gold areas, which further tend to augment development
"in this direction. Between Norway House, at the north end of Lake Winnipeg, and Piquitonay * * * * *
"lies an area offering possibilities in agricultural development and mineral production, in addition to being a
"heavy producer of fish and fur. About Cross Lake gardens thrive exceedingly well. Easterly of Knee and God's
"Lakes, in the vicinity of Oxford House, extensive gold fields have recently been discovered.   ******
"The forests of the northern part of this ©province do not include many large or valuable species of trees,
"but nevertheless contain great quantities of pulpwood, ties, poles and cordwood. Water-power is found in almost
"unlimited dimensions, the Nelson River alone being capable of developing 2,5oo,ooo h.p. Grand Rapids, on
"the Saskatchewan, also offers an attractive site for power development.
"The northern Laurentian portions of the prairie provinces are full of promise, and their natural resources
1 'are worthy of careful administration and judicious protection.1 y
32. Cold Storage Facilities in Canada.—There are some 190 cold storage warehouses in Canada,
all of which are equipped with mechanical refrigeration except a few very small ones that use the crushed ice
and salt system. Including the smaller private cold storages, Canada has a total of nearly 28,000,000 cubic
feet of refrigerator space available for storage of meat, fish, dairy and other products.
Canadian railways have a combined total of 4,459 refrigerator cars, of which the Canadian Pacific
owns 504 ordinary and 1,931 brine tank cars, 2,435 altogether or considerably more than half the total. The
Canadian Pacific also has 100 cars equipped for use on its express trains.
A large cold storage warehouse, which is being built for the Montreal Harbor Commissioners, will have
track connections with all the railways and at least one steamship berth where goods can be loaded direct
for overseas shipment. This warehouse will have a total capacity of 2,000,000 cubic feet and will cost
around $1,500,000.
© Part of the Edmonton Dunvegan & British Columbia Ry; see Section 44 of Bulletin 124 for map,
© In Northern Saskatchewan. ©See Section 27 of Bulletin 119. ©Manitoba.
12 33. Exporting Guns and Ammunition from the United States.—The restriction on the exportation of guns from the United States to Canada has been removed and it is not necessary now to secure U. S.
licenses for export of guns and ammunition belonging to hunters from the United States who visit Canada.
In the Laurentide House Reserve—Lake Edward, Quebec
Moosehunters in Kipawa District, Quebec
34. Closing Dates United States National Parks.—Crater Lake (Oregon) closes September 30;
General Grant (California), October 10; Glacier Park( Montana) September 15; Mesa-Verde (Colorado)
October 31; Mount Rainier (Washington), September 15; Rocky Mountain (Colorado), November 1;
Sequoia (California), October 10; Yellowstone (Montana), September 15, and Zion (Utah), November 1.
Grand Canyon (Arizona), Hawaii, Hot Springs (Arkansas), Petrified Forest (Arizona) and Yosemite
(California) U. S. National Parks are open all year but the Mariposa Grove of Big Trees in the Yosemite
is accessible only during summer season.
35. Canadian Grain Crop 1919.—The Dominion Bureau of Statistics publishes the following
preliminary estimates of Canada's total grain yield for this year:—
Wheat, 199,239,800 bushels (made up of 22,875,800 bushels fall and 176,364,000 bushels spring wheat)
—this represents an increase of about 10,000,000 bushels over 1918; oats, 381,359,000 bushels; barley,
65,584,000; rye, 8,010,000, and flaxseed, 7,350,000 bushels.
The estimated total production of wheat in the three prairie provinces is 162,326,400 bushels as
compared with 164,436,100 bushels last year. The yield of oats is set at 234,047,000 bushels, as against
222,049,500; barley, 45,988,000 bushels as against 47,607,400; rye, 5,722,000; as against 6,181,700; and flaxseed 7,099,000 bushels as against 5,776,000 bushels in 1918.
36. Items of Interest from Eastern Canada.— New Brunswick.—-The output of the Fraser Co.
Limited Pulp Mills at Edmundston has reached 90 tons daily. The capacity for which the plant was constructed is 150 tons and, as a result of improvements now being made, the daily output is expected soon to
increase to between 125 and 140 tons. The Fraser Co. is now shipping the lumber which the British
Government purchased recently as part of the immense order which the Government was announced as
placing in Canada.
New Brunswick Provincial Exhibition, held at Fredericton, September 13 to 20, was notable for having
the largest entry list on record, there being upwards of 1,000 exhibitors. The live stock exhibit was particularly good, as was that of the New Brunswick Forestry Department imthe new Transportation Building
(which in itself attracted much attention) and also were those of local Fredericton firms and the vocational
work of returned soldiers.    The attendance was unusually large.
Quebec.—The International Paper Company has begun to erect in the city of Trois Rivieres a plant
for the manufacture of paper and ground wrood pulp, the cost of which is expected to be about $5,000,000.
Another illustration of the progress being made by the city of Trois Rivieres is the fact that on
September 20 the Tidewater Shipbuilding Co. Limited launched a steel steamship—the Canadian Settler—
of 3,100 tons, and the National Shipbuilding Co. the wooden steamship "C9," of 1,500 tons—both at Trois
Rivieres. The UC9" is the ninth wooden steamer launched at this city during the summer of 1919 and the
National, Shipbuilding Co. is now to begin work on steel vessels. The Tidewater Co. has put in a very
important steel plant.    Each of the two companies employ about 1,300 men.
Montreal has the distinction of being the largest manufacturer of boots and shoes in Canada, the city's
annual output being about 12,500,000 pairs, out of a grand total of 25,000,000 pairs made in the whole
country.
The Annual Provincial Exhibition held in the city of Quebec, August 29 to September 6, is considered
to have surpassed in every respect all former exhibitions, the exhibits being more numerous and of a better
class than ever before. The Canadian Pacific had an especially interesting exhibit, which included a moving
picture of railway trains in operation and steamships sailing the ocean under the C.P.O.S. flag.    Results
13
(Over) Quebec—Continued.
were very satisfactory and the attendance reached the highest figures on record. One of the features of
this exhibition was the annual gathering of members of Le Merite Agricole (the Order of Agricultural Merit)
which is open exclusively to farmers of the Province of Quebec.
Ontario.—It is announced that the Lake Huron Steel Co. will locate in Goderich, Ont., and spend
$2,200,000 during the next twelve months in constructing an electric steel plant which will be operated with
cold metal and pig iron until the blast furnaces are ready at the end of the second year, the expenditure on
which will mean $6,000,000 more. Six electric furnaces will be installed and, in addition, there will be a
blowing mill, a rod mill and a bar mill for the manufacture of high-grade steel billets, rods, bars and alloy
steels for the automobile trade and for high-class steel products. A 250-acre site has been secured at the
south end of the town, wTith which a Canadian Pacific siding will connect, and ore docks will be constructed
on the lake front. Wrhen the complete plant is in operation, about 4,000 men will be employed—1,500
being required for the first year—and it is expected that, as a result of the Steel Company opening up in
Goderich, other industries will locate there—in fact, the location of a plant for the manufacture of automobiles
retailing at about $1,200 each and of one, two and five-ton motor trucks is announced already.
The Central Canada Exhibition, held at Ottawa September 6 to 15, was particularly remarkable for
the splendid exhibit made by the Government Experimental Farm, in which one of the most important
displays wTas that of the flax division, in connection with which the expert in charge pointed out that Canada's
climate and soil are particularly adapted for flax growing and that, owing to European conditions, the demand
for Canadian flax fibre and seed will not be overtaken for years. Canadian tobacco in many forms made
another interesting exhibit. The cattle show had 500 entries, among them being the world's champion milker,
May Echo Sylvia, from the A. C. Hardy farm at Brockville. A good cow gives milk which will produce 15
lbs. butter a week, but this champion has yielded milk producing 41 lbs. butter in a week.
The Soy Products Limited will operate at Hamilton, Ont., manufacturing from the soy bean casein,
soy bean oil, a milk substitute, a chocolate substitute, cereals and stock feed.
The Ibex Tire and Rubber Co., capitalized at $300,000, is announced as intending to locate offices and
factory in Oshawa, Ont.
Ontario's metalliferous production for first six months of 1919 is valued at $18,759,829. The precious
metals, platinum and palladium, are now being recovered at the Port Colborne refinery of the International
Nickel Co.
All previous records were broken by the attendance at the Canadian National Exhibition held in
Toronto, August 23 to September 6, and opened officially by H.R.H. the Prince of Wales; the attendance this
year totalled 1,201,000.    Perhaps the most striking feature was the fact that practically all the immense
o
o
Q
O
Gcoderham Fountain and Manufacturers* Building—Exhibition Grounds Toronto
variety of machinery and manufactured goods were " Made in Canada," showing to what extent this
country is self-dependent. There was as usual a magnificent display of fruit and vegetables; the Ontario
mining exhibit and the British Columbia timber exhibits were especially good. There was a great variety of
farm machinery, tractors, etc., etc. Automobiles and their accessories almost filled the big Transportation Building. The Northern Ontario exhibit, which was in a small building of its own, was particularly
instructive as showing the splendid agricultuial resources of that country. The Canadian Pacific exhibit
contained two special features which attracted much attention—one "Canada in Flanders," which showed
Canadian troops, tanks and artillery in motion, and the other illustrating the Orient, with a Japanese teahouse and garden, a view of the Inland Sea and Fujiyama—the sacred mountain;
14 o
o
The Huron County Flax Mills Limited had a very striking exhibit of flax and its products at the
Toronto Exhibition. This company has plants in operation at Blyth, Listowel, Belmont and Wingham
on the Canadian Pacific Ry., and at other places in Ontario as well.
The large smelting plant and works of the International Nickel Co. of Canada Limited (mining and
smelting division) are situated at Copper Cliff on the Sault Ste. Marie branch of the Canadian Pacific Ry.
The extensive nickel deposits of the Sudbury district were discovered in
1879, during the construction of the Canadian Pacific
Ry. main line, and operations at Copper Cliff have
been carried on continuously for the past thirty
years. During the war
period every department
operated at full capacity to
supply the enormous demands of the Allies for
nickel and copper. Following the signing of the armistice in November, 1918,
the output was reduced considerably and is now being
brought up to normal prewar volume. The Creighton Mine is now equipped for a maximum monthly output of 120,000 tons of ore,
and the smelter is capable of smelting this quantity of ore per month. The matte is shipped to the company's
refining plants at Port Colborne, Ont., and Constable Hook, N.J. The company operates also a large quartz
quarry in Dill Township, which supplies silica rock for fluxing purposes in its smelting operations, and also
owns and operates its own hydro-electric plant on the Spanish River, about 30 miles distant from Copper
Cliff. About 1,500 men are employed at present in the mining, smelting and construction work in Copper
Cliff vicinity, although full operations require about 3,000 men.
The Western Fair, London, Ont., held September 6 to 13, was so successful this year that plans are
being made for extensive additions to the grounds before next season. The attendance is given officially as
175,000, and the live stock show was in all kinds of the highest quality and the best exhibit ever seen in
WTestern Ontario.^
Nickel-Copper Smelter, Copper Cliff, near Sudbury
{Cut loaned by Ontario Dept. of Colonization)
CANADIAN WEST DEVELOPMENT NOTES
"The fruits of the soil are the measure of a nation's greatness."—B.C. Agricultural Journal.
37.    Newspaper items have appeared as follows:—
Prince   Rupert, B.C.—The installation of the   two upper floors of the  Canadian    Fish  &    Cold
©Storage Plant has been completed. The plant will soon be in position to freeze 60 tons every 24 hours
and at the same time produce 80 tons of ice.   The store rooms have capacity for 10,000,000 lbs. of fish.
The salmon pack handled through Prince Rupert during August is valued at $692,220. The quantity
of salmon entering the canneries that month reached 13,844,800 lbs. and 160,219 cases were packed.
Trawlers landed 895,700 lbs. halibut, valued at $89,570, on Prince Rupert wharves during August. Brille
comes third in importance of food fish, with arrivals valued at $14,106.
O Victoria, B.C.—Test borings have begun for the proposed new Government graving dock at Esqui
malt, for which a preliminary appropriation of $500,000 has been made. The dock will be 1,150 feet long,
the largest graving dock built up to this time and nearly thrice the length of the existing Esquimalt dock,
which was built in 1887 and is 430 feet long. It is expected to complete the work in three years at a total
cost of some $5,000,000.
Yarrows Limited, Esquimalt, have been asked to tender for the construction of steel freight steamships to engage in the fruit-carrying trade between New York and the West Indies.
The Metoschin Farmers' Institute commenced co-operative buying in 1917 with a business of $1,700.
In November, 1918, the Institute was incorporated under the name of "The Metoschin Farmers' Co-operative
Association" and in three months did $7,000 worth of business. In April last it combined with another
farmers' institute, the name being changed to "The Farmers' Co-operative Association," and opened an
office in Victoria.    For one month, June 28 to July 28, the business done totalled $14,000.
A. E. Collyer, of Chemainus, B.C., recently purchased the three-year-old pure-bred Jersey cow,
"Melia Violet," for $1,000.    Her last year's test yielded 9664.8 lbs. of milk.
British Columbia cattle are to-day worth $20,000,000.    There are 51,000 milch cows in the province.
Practically every lumber mill in the Province is working to full capacity and heavy premiums are
being paid for prompt delivery. Movement of the large lumber order for the British Government is being
effected satisfactorily, its fulfillment being limited only by the ships available.    Up to the end of August
15
(Over) Proposed New Graving Drydock at Esquimalt
{Cut loaned by Industrial Progress & Commercial Record, Vancouver).
Victoria, B.C.—Con.
about 12,000,000 feet of
the 70,000,000 ordered
had been shipped, mostly in British Columbia
built vessels. All the
wooden steamers $ built
here for the French
Government are being
sent over with loads of
lumber.
The great flagstaff
provided by British Columbia for the Royal
Botanical Gardens at
Kew, England, is about
to be placed in position.
The Douglas fir tree from
which it is made was 220
feet in length, 6 feet in
diameter at the root and
18 inches inside the bark
at the top. The great
mast was hauled to salt
water and towed to Vancouver whence in 1915
S.S. Merionethshire carried it to London and it
was towed up the Thames
to Kew. It will be a
standing advertisement
for the Province.
Mining in British Columbia is experiencing a period of activity. There have been important new
strikes in several camps and shipments to the smelters continue to increase.
The steamer Quebec was launched during September at the Port Hope yard of the Foundation Company.    She was built in forty-three and a half working days, which constitutes a record.
Vancouver, B.C.—All records for silk handling were broken with the arrival from the Orient of the
Canadian Pacific steamship Empress of Asia on August 25. The big steamship brought in 10,800 bales of
raw silk, an unprecedented shipment for a single vessel plying in the Transpacific trade. The raw silk cargo
alone is valued at $8,500,000, and in addition theEmpress carried 2,053 cases of silk goods, bringing the value
of the total silk consignment aboard easily to the record figure of $10,000,000.
On September 24 the 8,800 ton steamer War Chariot was launched at the Coughlan yards, being the
tenth and last vessel of her type constructed by the Coughlan Co. and bringing the total tonnage up to 88,000
tons.    This firm is building also four vessels, with an aggregate tonnage of 32,500, for the Dominion Government.
Record shipments of strawberries
were made this season, especially from
©Creston and Wynndel, which shipped
over 12,000 crates, while from ©Haney,
B.C., the shipments totalled twelve carloads. Gordon Head, on Vancouver Island, shipped 10,071 crates to the jam
factories. The apple crop this year is
exceedingly good and much heavier than
in 1918.
Last year the C.P.R. moved 3,350
cars from the Okanagan Valley and this
year is prepared to handle 4,000.
Among the important Canadian
resources awaiting developments are the
mercury deposits of British Columbia,
which are known to be somewhat extensive, located especially in the neighborhood of Kamloops Lake.
Plans now being prepared for what
A fine crop of Strawberries at ©Creston, B.C., 800 crates from one acre [s    known     as     the   SumaS    reclamation
{Cut loaned by B.C. Dept. of Agriculture) i mi n     r ^1 ,• r
scheme will call  for the erection of a
©On Canadian Pacific Ry.'s Crowsnest line, 15^ miles east of Kootenay Landing.
©Twenty-six miles east of Vancouver on Canadian Pacific main lin3.
16
"
o
o
o great earth dyke along the Fraser River, which will require 6,000,000 yards of earth.     The value of the
lands to be reclaimed is estimated at $6,000,000.
During July, building permits to the value of about $1,000,000 were issued in British Columbia, the
largest being in Vancouver, Point Grey and Victoria. Up to August 1, the value of permits issued in Vancouver this year totalled $1,229,000, an increase of nearly $500,000 over same period of 1918.
The erection of a fitting out and marine machinery plant, to cost approximately $1,000,000 and employing 1,500 to 2,000 men, is said to be assured by the sale of a large plot of land on the Burrard Inlet
water front last month.
The Imperial Oil Co. is to spend $600,000 on improving its premises at loco, Burrard Inlet, the work
to be undertaken this autumn and employ 250 men.    The plan is to double the "still" capacity of the plant.
The biggest Davis raft ever put down was towed recently to Swanson Bay from Queen Charlotte
Islands for the Whalen Mills. It was 275 feet long, 85 wide, 25 feet deep and contained 1,700,000 board
feet of lumber.
A total of 19,776,814 feet of lumber was shipped by vessels from British Columbia ports in August.
Nelson, B.C.-—A despatch, dated September 19, says: "Fruit crop looking well. Willow Point settle-
"ment on west arm of Kootenay Lake expects to ship 20,000 boxes of apples this year."
Calgary, Alta.—The substantial increase, in Calgary bank clearings indicates present healthy business
conditions.    The figures for one week recently showed an increase of more than $1,000,000 over the corres-
O ponding week in 1918.
The annual meeting of the Canadian Percheron Horse Society was held in this city during July, when
the secretary reported that, during the year, 572 Percheron stallions and 306 mares were imported into the
Dominion.
P. Burns & Co., the well-known Calgary packing and ranching firm, recently shipped another consignment of 700 head of beef cattle, chiefly cows, to Philadelphia, whence they were to be forwarded to Belgium.
O During August more than a quarter of a million pounds of wool were forwarded from Alberta to the
Canadian Co-operative Wool Growers' Association at Toronto.
Complete figures now available of the gasoline and kerosene sold by the three refineries which operate
in this city show a satisfactory increase for 1918 as compared with the previous year. The 1918 figures were
gasoline 331,098 gallons and kerosene 107,320, showing respective increases of 81,241 and 87,561 gallons,
and having a total value of between $150,000 and $160,000.
Six new companies, having headquarters in this city, announce incorporation with an aggregate capital
of $1,000,000.   The largest of these is a new dry goods store capitalized at $600,000.
At the Industrial Congress held in Calgary during August, Col. J. S. Dennis, C.M.G., Chief Commissioner of the Department of Colonization & Development, Canadian Pacific Ry., delivered an address on the
natural resources of Canada, in which he said that out of the 711,000,000 acres comprising the combined area
of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia, it is estimated that at least 225,000,000 acres are
available for immediate settlement and cultivation, while, so far, only some 30,000,000 acres are occupied and
cultivated. The total population of the four provinces does not exceed 2,200,000, while, if they were occupied
on the same basis of distribution of population per square mile as is Prince Edward Island, they would today
have 20,000,000 people; and some idea can be formed of the immense population they could support if fully
occupied and the enormous value of possible production is intimated by the fact that the total value of the
agricultural, dairy and animal industry products of the four provinces during 1917 was $1,222,831,000.
Col. Dennis referred also to the immense coal resources of the western provinces, estimated at one million
three hundred thousand millions of tons, covering all the different qualities of coal from lignite to anthracite,
to the natural gas already highly developed—to the probabilities of great oil fields being discovered—to
the immensely valuable timber lands—to the clay shales—to the fisheries—to the iron ore and more precious
minerals—and ended by saying: "We know that we have the raw products of agricultural land, coal, gas, oil, clay,
"timber, precious minerals, etc., and indulge in the prophecy that, sooner or later, these will all be developed along
"proper lines and result in making these four western provinces of Canada one of the most extensively settled,
"highly developed and prosperous portions of the British Empire.11
A despatch, dated September 23, runs: "Reports received by Calgary Herald indicate yield from
"all parts of Province much better than anticipated. Practically all cutting completed threshing held up
"by rain in many parts now well under way. Large number non-irrigable districts yielding 15 to 40 bushels
"wheat to the acre."
Estimated Alberta yield 19,000,000 bushels. Good crop oats reported some instances $5 bushel per
acre.    Ample feed now assured for winter.    Considerable new breaking taking place.
The Calgary Herald thus comments editorially on the crop situation: "Crop reports covering an area
"of Alberta territory ^extensive enough to make^ a fair average of the whole Province, indicate just what old-timers
"prophesied some weeks before the first fall rains came. Once again Alberta soil has proved itself the finest in
"the world for a speedy recovery from bad conditions * * * * The come-back of agricultural Alberta in
"the season of 1919 will long stand as one of the finest advertisements this Province can have among land seekers
"everywhere. It is doubtful if any other soil on the continent of America could equal the performance of Alberta
"dry land this year. Climate and soil unite in this favored Province to work miracles and produce satisfying
"results under most unfavorable conditions—and when conditions happen to be favorable, which they are in the
"majority of seasons, the results are certain to be more than bountiful.11
Some of the samples of 1919 wheat delivered at the Canadian Government Elevator at Calgary were
wonderfully good. One sample weighed 66 lbs to the bushel—other samples 62)^ lbs. and more. Quite a
preponderance of the wheat graded No. 1, the standard throughout being uniformly high.
17 (Over) o
Calgary, Alta.—Continued
On September 19, Government inspector reported threshing well under way in Central Alberta, with
wheat yields of 45 to 55 bushels per acre in many parts and good crops of oats and barley.
Airdrie, Alta.—J. E. Gustus, who has a big farm east of Airdrie, had 200 acres of Marquis wheat,
which was expected to yield between 25 and 30 bushels per acre. He estimated his oats as yielding between
45 and 50 bushels per acre, and has also a large potato crop.
Rockyford, Alta.—W. A. Rudd & Son had twenty binders cutting wheat on 4,400 acres, which they
believed would yield an average of 30 bushels.    They had also 1,600 acres producing a fine crop of oats.
Lacombe, Alta.—Crops in this district were never in better condition than this season.
Stettler, Alta.—Crops from this part of the Province are well above the average, wheat averaging 30
bushels to the acre and other field crops proportionately heavy. Dairying and stock-raising are in flourishing
condition.    The town is being developed greatly, with a large amount of building taking place.
Day stand, Alta.—Reports from all directions indicate a splendid sample of grain being harvested
•throughout the district, the greater part grading No. 1 and the yields being very satisfactory. Wheat was
never known to fill so rapidly, the kernels in many fields being almost too large for the hull.
Camrose, Alta.—Many farmers claim this year's effort will, on the whole, result in one of the most profitable years ever experienced in the district. Conservative estimates place the yield at: wheat 25 bushels per
acre, oats 50, barley 35.    There is plenty of hay and feed and livestock is in splendid condition.
Irricana, Alta.—Three hundred acres irrigated on the farm of Fred Davis, M.P.P., will thresh 35
bushels per acre of No. 1 wheat. Flax output very promising; hay short but oats and barley straw plentiful
and a good surplus of straw feed.    A big area is being prepared for next year.    Cattle in excellent condition.
Dalroy, Alta.—R. A. Allan, who farms near this place, had 80 acres sown in Leader oats which, even
with this summer's dry weather, promised to yield between 80 and 100 bushels per acre.
Edmonton, Alta.—Over $1,000,000 worth of furs reached Edmonton from the north country recently
according to local railway officials, the larger portion of them being transhipped straight through to eastern
points. Among the shipments was one to Colin Fraser, a well-known fur man, which brought him $20,444
and included 121 beaver skins, 51 red fox, 9 wolverines, 8 skunk, 7 otter, 5 wolf, 16 lynx, 25 bear, 1 white and
1 silver fox, 119 mink, 74 ermine, 1 fisher and 233 marten.
The Fidelity Trust Co. of Winnipeg has commenced construction of a $50,000 building in this city, to
occupy the corner of Jasper Avenue and 105th Street.
Croivfoot, Alta.—This district had the honor of sending the first consignment of this year's wheat to
Calgary. It all graded No. 1 Northern. Farmers were agreably surprised at the yield and quality of grain
harvested in this vicinity, the results being much better than expected.
Brooks, Alta.—Threshing has produced very favorable results on irrigated farms, many fields averaging
40 bushels wheat to the acre, oats running to 80, barley to 50 bushels and many excellent yields of flax
reported. A new settler north of Brooks had a field of oats which was expected to thresh 100 bushels to the
acre.
From twelve acres of irrigated land, J. E. Strong expected to receive between $300 and $400 per acre.
It was sown to alfalfa for seed and it is his intention to plant about 200 acres with alfalfa next year.
Retlaw, Alta.—Probably the largest field of flax in Alberta, if not in the whole west, was harvested here.
It comprised 4,700 acres and all indications pointed to an average yield of six to ten bushels per acre, in spite
of the extraordinarily dry summer.
Ronolane, Alta., has one of the successful irrigated farms of Southern Alberta. It is owned by the
Canada Land & Irrigation Co., takes in 100 acres and is irrigated by water pumped from the river. While
primarily a demonstration farm, it has been very successful financially. Various crops, including corn, alfalfa,
grain, peas, potatoes, vegetables, etc., are raised. The manager has made a specialty of growing corn of the
highest quality and ships large quantities of it every year to all parts of the country. From a field of alfalfa,
150 tons of hay was harvested this year. Potatoes have always been a big crop and peas are exceedingly
good this year. $6,000 a year from 100 acres is not a bad return; that is what the Ronolane farm has averaged
during the past few seasons and the manager maintains that any farmer can obtain like results.
Bassano, Alta.—Bow Valley Fair opened on Sept. 16 in glorious weather and the booths packed to
capacity with a magnificent lot of grains, grasses, fruit and vegetables, also with livestock and poultry of
very high grade. The feature of the Fair was the display of garden produce from the irrigated districts,
cantaloupes, melons, raspberries, currants and gooseberries being exhibited equal to, if not finer than, the
best Washington products, while the roots and vegetable sections were really wonderful with their wealth
of horticultural and field products.
Drumheller, Alta.—Wheat will run 20 to 25 bushels per acre, grading No. 1 for 75% and the rest No. 2.
Oats will average about 30 bushels grading good and the flax average is fair with prospects of a good crop.
There is a heavy acreage of oats and green feed, which, with straw, will provide ample fodder for livestock in
this district, which is first class condition.    Next year's acreage will exceed that under crop this season.
Duchess, Alta.—On Sept. 11, the harvesting being well advanced, it was estimated the district would
market 200,000 bushels of wheat grown on irrigated land—and this from a new district, all settlers having
arrived during the last three years. Preparations are being made to increase considerably the acreage under
crop next year.
18
o
o o
o
Carmangay, Alta.—J. F. Williams, living 12 miles east of Carmangay, harvested a crop that would be
worth while in any season. He had 100 acres of spring wheat on summerfallow which would thresh out 25
bushels per acre. He states crops of six and seven bushels an acre are common in his district, while a number
of fields run 12 to 15 bushels.
Raymond, Alta.—A farmer here harvested 55 bushels of wheat per acre, machine measure, from his
irrigated farm.
Lethbridge, Atla.—Farmers north of this city representing 208,000 acres have voted an overwhelming
majority for the formation of the Lethbridge Northern Irrigation District under the Alberta Irrigation
Act. The scheme when established will result in the irrigation of another 200,000 acres of Southern
Alberta and it will be followed by the erection of several other districts. Water is to be obtained from
the Old Man River and the Dominion and Provincial Governments will be asked to guarantee bonds.
The records kept at the Government Experimental Farm at Lethbridge, where irrigation and dry-
farming are carried on side by side, and extending over a period of ten years, show the increase in the yields
of wheat on irrigated land over that on non-irrigated was 77%, oats 54%, barley 81%* peas 51% and potatoes
105%. Irrigation in Southern Alberta means a permanent agriculture, with greatly added wealth per acre.
Smaller farms,, denser populations and a more highly developed rural life follow in its train. Tree-growing is
facilitated; high-priced crops are grown and the establishment of canneries follows raising of fruit and
vegetables in large quantities. It is predicted that in less than 20 years the irrigated areas of Southern
Alberta will form one of the most highly developed agricultural districts in the whole West.
Arrangements are under way at the Lethbridge Experimental Farms for the construction this year of
a dairy barn and silo. The superintendent plans to take up the experimental side of. dairying, which is
destined to become a great industry in this district as irrigation is extended.
Taber, Alta.—As a result of irrigation, J. E. Jett has harvested a crop estimated to be worth $16,000
instead of practically nothing at all. Early in July the hot weather then prevailing began to affect the crop.
He bought a 3,000 gallon pumping plant, pumped water out of the river, irrigated his land and had the crop
valued as above. The expense of the hurried installation, including express, motor car charges, and wages
of extra men probably runs to about $4,000.
Medicine Hat, Alta.—The large reservoir of the Canada Land & Irrigation Co., 40 miles west of
this city and completed this autumn makes possible the irrigation of 50,000 additional acres fertile land in
Southern Alberta next   spring and eventually of 220,000 acres.
Plans for a consolidated extensive tree planting scheme throughout the prairie provinces are under
way. The committee named at recent Irrigation Convention has the matter in hand and the scheme involves planting a certain number of trees on each quarter section throughout Southern Alberta and South
West   Saskatchewan   yearly.
Assiniboia, Sask.—The Fair held at Assiniboia on Aug. 12 and 13 showed that the district possesses a
number of progressive, practical farmers, and the enthusiasm with which the townspeople and farmers have
united in building up their Agricultural Society is most commendable. Permanent grounds have been
secured and a large amount of money spent on the race track, while the management promise next year to
erect permanent buildings for the accommodation of agricultural exhibits, ladies work, etc., also stables for
the livestock.    There were between 3,000 and 4,000 people present on the second day.
Moose Jaw, Sask.—Construction of stockyards here well under way. Prince Albert stockyards have
opened for business and a large number of cattle are being handled.
Tantallon, Sask.—In the "Dominion Educational Butter Scoring Contest" conducted by the Dairy
Division at Ottawa and open to creameries of all the nine Provinces, C. A. Metcalfe, Manager of the Saskat
chewan Cooperative Creameries located at Tantallon, tied for first place in the June scoring with Achille
Fournier of Gentilly, Que., each taking 98.5% of a possible 100 and in July came third for the whole Dominiou
with a score of 96.8 against 97.7, the highest score, which was obtained by the Central Creameries Ltd.,
Calgary—and 97.1, the second highest reached by J. A. Nesbitt of Shoal Lake, Man.
Regina, Sask.—The Province of Saskatchewan occupies 251,700 square miles or equal to the combined
area of France, Belgium and Holland. It is twice the size of the United Kingdom and considerably larger
than Germany. It stretches for 760 miles from north to south and has an arable land area of 57,884,160
acres, only 23% of which is under cultivation and in 1916 its population was given officially as 647,835. The
value of its grain crop in 1918 was $320,245,000. This year there were over 10,000,000 acres of land under
wheat in this Province. The average wheat yield in Saskatchewan for the past six years was 18 bushels
per acre per annum while the average yield in the United States during the same period was 16 bushels per
acre. Regina is the capital of the province and has a population of about 40,000. The Province owns its
own telephone system, both local and long distance. It has a splendid University and Agricultural College
located at Saskatoon. There are about 2,000 grain elevators throughout the Province, with a total capacity
of 60,000,000 bushels; Government elevators are operated by Government Commissions and have been very
successful. A great many Americans have settled in this Province, Moose Jaw being the chief distributing
centre for those who come in via Minneapolis and St. Paul. Saskatchewan is destined to be predominantly
the Wheat growing province of the Dominion and already its total annual wheat yield compares favorably
with any of the Provinces.
The Town Planning & Rural Development Branch of the Saskatchewan Dept. of Municipal
Affairs has issued recently two leaflets—-"Town planning and Rural Development Regulations Relating to
Schemes and By-Laws" and "Model Regulations Respecting New Streets and Subdivisions"—-which have
been sent to the clerks of all cities and towns and the latter to the secretaries of all villages in the Province.
The total value of farm products, including livestock, in Saskatchewan last year is set at $585,733,357
and the total value of exports at $198,970,770.
It is estimated that from 7,500 to 8,000 new telephone mileage will be completed in Saskatchewan
this year. 19 (Over) Regina, Sask.—Continued
Saskatchewan has  been   the pioneer in the erection of union hospitals in the west and the value of'
what has been accomplished is shown by the following figures—in 1915 there were 28 hospitals with 1,333
beds, which treated 13,335 patients, including 1,296 maternity cases; in 1916, 28 hospitals with 1,438 beds
treated 18,043 patients, including 1,686 maternity cases, and in 1917, 34 hospitals with 1,680 beds treated
23,098 patients of whom 2,451 were maternity cases.
Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. will build a $75,000 office and warehouse at corner of Broad St. and Sixth
Ave., Regina, becoming the western headquarters of the company and the central distributing point to
branches at Saskatoon, Edmonton, Calgary and Vancouver.
Drilling operations for gas in the north west part of this province, from which the Great West North
Gas Co. hopes to supply several Saskatchewan cities and towns with natural gas, are meeting with excellent
success, according to information received. The company was granted franchises by these cities and is to
deliver gas within two years.
A press despatch dated Sept. 19 said "Threshing now almost completed in all parts of the Province.
"Wheat being moved at a record rate. Elevator Company reports the majority grading either No. 1 or
"No. 2 Northern and many districts an average yield of from 15 to 30 bushels per acre. Early oats nearly
"all cut."
The acreage under summer fallow in Saskatchewan was 4,060,801 last year and 4,212,790 acres this
year.
Brandon, Man.—The Western Canada Shorthorn Association will hold its Second Annual Show and
Sale in this city Nov. 26 and 27.
Portage la Prairie, Man.—The estimated average yield of wheat in this district is 20 bushels per acre,
oats 45, barley 25. One farmer reports 1,800 bushels Banner oats threshed from 18 acres of land which has
been cropped for 40 years.
Winnipeg, Man.—Building permits to the aggregate value of nearly $750,000 were granted during
August. These figures are twice last year's total for the same month and bring the total value for the
present year up to $1,500,000.    Permits issued in August include a theatre to cost $200,000.
Manitoba beekeepers have had a very successful season, hives yielding 280 lbs. of honey being reported
this year and the average yield for the whole Province being at least 80 lbs. per colony. The producers are
receiving a high price for their honey averaging 30c. per lb. and the local supply is not sufficient to meet the
demand.
Since 1919 began, 15,434 settlers, bringing with them money and personal property valued at
$8,572,893 have entered Western Canada. Almost all these people were farmers and their families. The
great majority went to Saskatchewan and Alberta. Manitoba secured 2,061, Ontario 429, Saskatchewan 5,026,
Alberta 6,154 and British Columbia 592 of the new settlers.
The Manitoba Free Press places the wool clip of Canada for 1919 at 15,000,000 lbs., according to early
estimates, this representing a very material increase over last year when somewhere about 12,000,000 lbs.
were produced. The sheep population of the country has increased between 300,000 and 400,000 head and
the increase is believed to be fairly evenly distributed over the country. This is fairly important from an
economic stand point, increasing the revenue of the producers and enlarging the exportable surplus.
The Canadian Trade Mission has accepted the offer of the British Wheat Commission for 500,000 tons
or 19,000,000 bushels of wheat to be shipped from Canadian ports before navigation closes, the contract
being accepted on a basis equal to last year's fixed price. The Greek Government has asked for 112,000
tons to be delivered in September, October and November.
During August, 48,233 head of cattle, 10,669 hogs, 4,473 sheep and 1,149 horses were handled in the
Winnipeg Stockyards.
Manitoba's 1919 crop is responsible apparently for the influx of a large number of new settlers,
numerous sales of land being reported from all over the Province, in many cases prices ranging from $40 to
$75 per acre being paid.    Considerable new land is being broken, statistics of the Rural Credit Societies
showing 30,000 acres broken this year with their assistance.
Under date Sept. 25 the Manitoba Dept. of Agriculture reports the wheat crop averages 16 to 17
bushels per acre, oats [36,barley 23. Over 65% of the threshing is completed. Most districts have sufficient
fodder for winter feeding. An exceptionally large quantity of vegetables and tender garden crops was produced this season owing to almost entire absence of frost. Very extensive fall plowing is expected.
H. W. BRODIE, GEO. A. WALTON, W. H. SNELL,
General Passenger Agent, General Passenger Agent, General Passenger Agent,
VANCOUVER, B.C. WINNIPEG, Man. MONTREAL, Que.
Issued by GEO. C. WELLS,
3600-9-30-19 Assistant to Passenger Traffic Manager,
Q-2-1-10 MONTREAL, Que.

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