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The challenge of the mountains Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1911

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Banff Springs Hotel, Banff, Alberta
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THE Government of Canada has reserved an immense tract
of over 5,700 square miles in the most beautiful part of the
Canadian Rocky and Selkirk Mountains as a great National
Park which is intended to be preserved for all time as a playground for the people, a peerless attraction for tourists and visitors,
and a health resort of the highest and most beneficial character. Its
magnificent scenery baffles description; the climate conditions are
ideal for recreation and enjoyment. It is a land of giant glacier-
crowned mountain peaks, sparkling streams, mirrored lakes, virgin
forests and verdant valleys. Its accessibility from any section of
the country  is  a very important  factor of  its popularity.    At  a
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The Gap, or Eastern Entrance to Canadian Rocky Mountains
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Page  Three THE       CHALLENGE
OF   THE    M OUNTAINS
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Swiss Guides are employed to assist Mountain Climbers in Canadian Rocky Mountains
number of the principal points of interest the Canadian Pacific
Railway has erected charming chalets or hotels, each equally noted
for its beauty of location, comfort and service.
Thousands of people from all parts of the world visit these resorts
annually. The Canadian Pacific Railway line above all others merits
the much-used description, "The scenic line of the world/' From
Calgary to Vancouver, a distance of six hundred and forty-two miles,
the beauty and grandeur of the scenery is continuous. It is doubtful
if any other railway in the world has a run of this distance with such
remarkable attractions. That "there is not a dull or uninteresting
minute all the way" is the opinion of all who have made the journey.
The New York "Tribune" says: "It is not generally known
that within four days' journey of New York City there are waiting
for the sightseer and scientific investigator some of the grandest
and most impressive glacial 'streams' in the world. Nothing in
Switzerland is to be found more beautiful than the glaciers of the
Canadian Rockies and Selkirks, and one of the chief attractions of
Page Four THE       CHALLENGE
OF   THE    M OUNTAINS
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Three Sisters,  near Canmore,  Canadian Rocky Mountains
the trip is the fact that one may journey there and back in civilized
luxury, and while enjoying the scenes, at the very 'noses' of the
wonderful glaciers themselves, may be comfortable and remain in
close touch with the world."
Only one regret is expressed by visitors, and that is when they
have allowed themselves too little time to. see this charming country,
A stay of at least several days should be made at each of the resorts,
in order to fully appreciate the magnificence of the surrounding
mountains, which should be viewed under the various atmospheric
conditions. The wonderful changes in light and shadow, and the
glories of sunrise and sunset in the Canadian Rockies, are things
never to be forgotten. Unfortunately, the average tourist is all too
prone to stop over only between trains and thus catch but a hurried
glance of these glorious peaks, which is regrettable, inasmuch as
frequently the greater beauty is missed entirely, though many
thousands claim that travelling through these mountains without
leaving the train has been the most enjoyable event and the greatest
scenic treat of their lives.
• When travelling westward the Rockies are visible for some time
before Calgary is reached; mightier and mightier they appear until
Page Five THE       CHALLENGE
OF   THE    MOUNTAINS
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Main  Street,  Banff,  in the  Canadian  National  Park
The Gap, wThich is the Eastern entrance to this mountain world, is
reached. Here the track takes a sharp turn and on either side looms
skyward the glorious peaks, and the passenger realizes that he
has reached nature's wonderland. Beside the track rushing eastward
to irrigate the prairies is the Bow River. Exshaw, the cement
town, is passed; then the Three Sisters, a trinity of noble peaks, are
seen. Immovable the Three Sisters stand, beautiful in their purity,
peaceful in their solitude, steadfast in their guard. Like sentinels
apart from their compeers, they seem to the traveller to hold eternal
watch and ward over the wonders of the marvellous region through
which he is to pass.
Cascade Mountain is a few miles away from the railway track.
At its base are the anthracite mines of Bankhead, operated by the
Canadian Pacific Railway Company, which supply the country
from Winnipeg to Vancouver with hard coal. The powers of the
eye are greatly increased, and, to one fresh from the plains, things
yet afar off appear quite near. However, the traveller gradually
understands his mistake, and the track, following the course of the
Bow River, turns sharply to the west just as the lowest spurs are
Page  Six THE       CHALLENGE
OF   THE    MOUNTAINS
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reached, and arrives at Banff, the Beautiful, the gateway to the
Canadian National Park.
The town of Banff, the business centre of the Rocky Mountains
Park, and the chief objective point for tourists, is an up-to-date little
town of close to one thousand permanent residents, which is generally
increased to about eighteen hundred or over during the summer
months.
Eight excellent hotels and six livery barns well supplied with
saddle horses and carriages cater to the tourists and other trade
for trips to the many points of interest to which roads and trails
lead from the town. Outfitting stores of all kinds furnish supplies
to the residents or camping parties at reasonable prices.
Banff Springs Hotel and  Bow River Valley
&
Located on the south bank of the Bow River near the mouth
of the Spray, the Banff Springs Hotel, of the Canadian Pacific Hotel
System, commands a view perhaps unrivalled in America. In the
refinement of its appointments and the completeness of detail marking the whole establishment, this splendid hotel ranks among
the finest summer hotels to be found anywhere. The excellence of
the cuisine—a characteristic of the Canadian Pacific service—is
enhanced by the magnificent outlook down the Bow River Valley.
This hotel has each season an increasing number of guests who
are attracted by the wonderful scenery, invigorating atmosphere
and excellent service.    Banff is without a peer as a holiday resort.
Page Seven THE       CHALLENGE
OF    THE    M O UNTAI NS
The animal cages, near the
Banff Museum, are a source
of pleasure to young and old.
The Banff Museum contains
splendidly preserved specimens
of the big game and lesser
mammals, the fish life, and bird
life, to be found within the Park;
a beautifully mounted and correctly classified herbarium is
also here. Indian relics are
shown and specimens of Indian
workmanship of more than
ordinary interest. To the botanist, the geologist, and the
naturalist, the Museum is the
central point of interest
throughout the summer season,
and the exhibits attract the
Feeding the Bears at Banff layman    as    well   as    the   man
of science.    The Banff Museum
has   been   called   by   appreciative   visitors   "The   University   in   the
Hills."
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The Basin, one of Banff's Swimming Pools
The Cave and Basin
A delightful drive for about
a mile up the valley of the Bow
River, along a winding road
between tall pines at the base
of Sulphur Mountain, leads to
the Cave and Basin.
The cave itself is covered in
by a natural roof of rock and is
fed by water from the springs
still higher up the mountains.
It is not much larger than a
good-sized room, but the curious
deposits of sulphur about its roof
and wall make it well worth a
visit. Adjoining it is a natural
basin, at which the Government
has erected bathing houses, and so
popular is this resort that almost
any hour of the day can be heard
the splash of the waters and the
joyous shouts of the bathers.
It may be of interest to give
an analysis of the hot sulphur
water   in   Banff's   hot   springs.
Bow River Falls, Banff
Page Nine
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-■ .   - - ■ •     .- .    .. THE       CHALLENGE
OF    THE    M OUNTAI N 3
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The Observatory, top of Sulphur
Mountains, Banff
Mr.   McGill,   assistant   analyst  of  the
Canadian Government, reports:
"The    dissolved    solids    are    as
follows:—
Chlorine (in chlorides)..  0.42 grains.
Sulphuric Acid (SO3). .38.50
Silica (SiO2)      2.31
Lime (CaO) 24.85
Magnesia (Mg°)    4.87
Alkalies (as Soda, NaO) 0.62
Lithium A decided trace.
"The temperature of the spring is
114.3 degrees Fahrenheit."
The Banff Hot Springs undoubtedly
possess wonderful curative value for
rheumatic and kindred ailments and
the cures recorded almost stagger belief.
The Aviary
The  eight  varieties  of  pheasants  are  exceedingly  interesting.
They include Japanese Golden, Japanese Copper, Mongolians, English
Silver, English Ring-
necks, Prince of Wales,
Rieves, Lady Amherst and Common.
The eagle cage is a
great attraction, and
the very fine specimens are a source of
attraction to all visitors. Many other
specimens of the birds
to be found in the
Park are interesting,
especially to the
young people.
The Fauna of the
ParK
A band of nearly
one hundred buffalo,
relics of the countless
thousands which
swarmed over the
great   central   plains
Path through the Woods at Banff
Page Ten THE       CHALLENGE
OF    THE    M OUNTAI NS
-
of North America until swept
away by the tide of civilization, occupy a park near the
town and railway station. With
them are a number of elk and
moose, the grandest and most
beautiful of the deer family,
together with many other specimens of the wild life of the
northern plains and woods, living in their natural state and in
surroundings which add to the
charm and interest of their
presence.
The Flora of the Park
A large number of botanical students have visited the
park and have been greatly
attracted by the profusion
and variety of the flora
found here. There is no place
on the continent which offers a
greater field for botanical research, as the wild flowers to be found in different parts of the park
include almost every known species.
Canyon, near Banff
Buffalo  at  Banff
Page Eleven THE       CHALLENGE
OF    THE    M OUNTAI N S
Hoodoos or Natural Concrete Pillars, near Banff
Banff the Beautiful is
an alliteration that is not
misapplied, and to appreciate
the appropriateness of the
title, drive or walk up
Tunnel Mountain, 1,000 feet
over the valley, and the view
will never be forgotten.
The Hoodoos, or natural
concrete pillars, are an interesting, freakish, natural
formation, which are attractive because of their various
shapes and sizes.
The Loop is a beautiful
drive around the Bow Valley
in full view of Bow Falls—
distance about seven miles
—skirting the base of Mount
Rundle, to the banks of the
Bow River.
Another one of the sights
that is sure to claim early
attention from the visitors
is the Bow Falls, situated
beneath   the   Banff    Springs
Banff has many pretty Drives
Page  Twelve
\ THE       CHALLENGE
OF   THE    MOUNTAINS
Hotel. Churned to the whiteness like that of milk, the river
roars and hisses through the trench it has worn at the base
of Tunnel Mountain, leaps down to small ledges, and then hurls
itself, a stream eighty feet wide, in a deafening cataract of wonderful beauty. It is not, of course, comparable with the Falls of
Niagara or the Yellowstone, but among the lesser falls of the
continent it has few rivals.
, Banff unites to a wonderful degree health and pleasure—in
fact, it is impossible there to seek the one without finding the
other. For if you go because of the condition of your health
invariably you will find pleasure without any effort on your part,
and another singular feature of this resort is that time flies at
Banff as it does nowhere on the continent. Only those who have
visited Banff can form an idea how truly grand the scenery is; and
only those who have tried to gain the summit of the lofty peaks
that rake the clouds in every direction, can estimate their height.
A story is told in Banff of a visitor who made a wager he could
walk to the Observatory on Sulphur Mountain in two hours. Much
to the astonishment of himself, and the merriment of his friends,
he succeeded in making that point in four hours, which illustrates
how deceptive are distances at this altitude.
There are many delightful walks in the vicinity of Banff along
the banks of the Bow and Spray Rivers, and also to the many
attractive points in the mountains.
Boathouses  on  Bow  River,  Banff
Page  Thirteen '■     THE
CHALLENGE
OF   THE    MO UNTAI N S
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Lake Minnewanka, near Banff
Lake Minnewanka
Distance nine miles from Banff, the drive skirting Cascade
Mountain and following Devil's Head River until the precipitous
sides of Devil's Head Canyon are crossed by a rustic bridge. The
lake is sixteen miles long, with a width of from one to two miles.
On it is placed a launch, which can be chartered by visitors at the
rate of $1.00 per head for parties of five or over. The sail usually
occupies three hours. Fishing tackle, boats, etc., may be procured,
this being a favorite resort for anglers. A cluster of Hoodoos (natural
concrete pillars) and the Devil's Gap, on the way to Ghost River,
are amongst the points of interest in this locality.
Attractions at Banff
It is simply impossible to properly enumerate the many attractions of this delightful spot. The carriage drives along excellent
roads, with new beauties of scenery unfolding on every side,
are delightful.   Banff must be visited to be appreciated. CV
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THIRTY-FOUR miles westward from Banff is Laggan (the
station for Lake Louise and Lakes in the Clouds). Two and a
half miles from the station by a fine carriage road is Lake Louise
(altitude 5,645 feet)—the most winsome spot in the Canadian
Rockies. Of the beauty of this remarkable lake there is no divided
opinion; every visitor to its shores sings its praises and it is acknowledged by the most competent judges to be one of the great masterpieces in Nature's picture gallery. As a gem of composition and
coloring it has no rival. At every hour of the day the view is ever
changing with the shadows. This is especially true of the early
morning and evening hours. Walter Dwight Wilcox, F. R. G. S., in
his charming book, "The Rockies of Canada," describes the colorings
of Lake Louise as follows: "It is impossible to tell or paint the
beautiful colors, the kaleidoscopic change of light and shade under
Laggan, the  Station for Lake Louise
Page Fifteen ^ItHE       CHALLENGE
lOF    THE    MOUNTAINS
The beautiful path around Lake Louise
Lake Louise, the peerless gem of the Canadian Rockies
Page Sixteen THE       CHALLENGE
OF   THE    MOUNTAINS
Lake   Louise   Chalet
Canadian Pacific Hotel System
such conditions. They are so exquisite that we refuse to believe
them even in their presence; so subtle in change, so infinite in variety,
that memory fails to recall their varying moods. I have seen
twenty shades of green and several of blue in the waters of Lake
Louise at one time." It is the most perfect picture in the vast
gallery of Nature's masterpieces.
Lake Louise Chalet
Charmingly situated on the very verge of the water in the midst
of the evergreen wood, the Canadian Pacific Railway has built a
lovely chalet, which has since been enlarged to a great hotel. It is
open from June to September, and its Swiss guides, horses and
packers can be hired for excursions near or far. It affords most
comfortable accommodation and conveyances to meet every train.
The rates are $3.50 a day upward on the American plan. Telephonic
communication exists between the station and the chalet and telegrams may be sent to any part of the world.
The growth of interest in this wonderful region has been very
rapid. A few years ago, about 1890, a small log house was sufficient to
accommodate the visitors who came to pay homage to the matchless
Page Seventeen THE       CHALLENGE
OF    THE    M OUNTAI N S
On the trail to the Lakes in the Clouds
scenery of Lake Louise. Each
year brought people from all
parts of the earth in increasing numbers, and every season
the accommodation had to be
increased, and the little house
was soon replaced by a larger
building, wings have been
added, remodelling has taken
place and today is seen the
splendid Chalet with all its
modern equipment for the
comfort of guests.
Lake Louise lies at an elevation of 5,645 feet, and is shut
in on every side by rocky,
snow-capped heights, offering
a picture of perfect peace.
Mr. Edward Whymper has
compared it to Lake Oeshinen,
in Switzerland, but has declared it "is more picturesque
1
View showing Lakes Louise, Mirror and Agnes
Page Eighteen THE       CHALLENGE
OF    THE    MOUNTAINS
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2_he Saddle Back, showing Paradise Valley, Mount Lefroy and Mount Temple
and has more magnificent
environments." It is about a
mile and a half long and a half
a mile broad, while its depth
is over 200 feet.
Two miles across the boulder-
covered glacier lake there
begins to rise southward the
forefront of the great glaciers.
Thence the ice slants away
upwards until it reaches a
depth of possibly five hundred
feet of solid blue and green,
to where it is fed by continuous avalanches from the endless groups of enormous
heights beyond. At the upper
end of this brow rises a stern
black wall to a height of fully
half   a   mile,   over   which   the
avalanches thunder.     This Wall Giant Stairway, Paradise Valley
Page Nineteen THE       CHALLENGE
OF   THE   MOUNTAINS
On the roof of the Continent of America near  Lake Louise
is five miles away, yet looks to be but one, because of the clearness
of the atmosphere.
Above this black avalanche-wall there gradually rises, like the
roof of the universe, the pure white snow field on Mount Victoria
to a height of ten or twelve thousand feet. Joining with Victoria
in forming this ice field are the towering heights of Lefroy, Beehive,
Whyte, Niblock, St. Piran, Castle Crags, and many other lofty
peaks. To the east an upright mountain forms a perpendicular wall
of several thousand feet.   Among the many attractions are the
Lakes in the Clouds
Mirror Lake is another beautiful gem. It has no visible outlet,
the waters escaping through an underground channel to Lake
Louise, 1,000 feet below. The waters of this lake rise or fall as the
inflowing stream pours its flood into the lake more or less rapidly
than they are carried off. Lake Agnes, another of the Lakes in the
Clouds, is situated amid scenes of the wildest beauty. On the side
like sentinels, stand Mounts Whyte and Niblock, grim and silent;
and the irregular peaks running back tell of violent eruption in that
great and terrible day of upheaval far back in the misty ages of the
earth's infancy. A little way down the valley Nature smiles, not
broadly, but none the less sweetly; for here among the mosses are
found the forget-me-nots, the wood anemones, the blue bells of the
Scottish Highlands, the ferns, the Alpine eidelweiss (the bridal
flower of the Swiss mountaineer) and the heather, that reminds the
Page  Twenty V
THE       C HAL L E N G E
d 10F   THE    MOUNTAINS
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sons and daughters of Bonnie Scotland of their native hills. It is
an Alpine garden, and the eternal hills seem worthy guardians of
this spot of peerless beauty.
Mountain Climbing' in Canada
The Alpine Club of Canada has done much to popularize mountain climbing in the Canadian Rockies and Selkirks by their annual
camps. Many representatives from various other clubs frequently
visit Lake Louise and the other mountain resorts, where every
opportunity is afforded to enjoy this invigorating and beneficial form
of recreation. The Canadian Alpine Club traces its first impulse
back through twenty-four years, as far as the day when Sir Sandford
Fleming, his son, and Principal Grant, of Queen's University, with
their party and pack-train, came out from the difficult forest trail
and camped on the meadow at Rogers' Pass. Inspired by the
mountain prospect, they resolved themselves into an Alpine Club
and drank to the club's success from the stream at their feet. The
Canadian Alpine Club is fortunate in having Sir Sandford Fleming
as its patron.   Lake Louise offers a high test to mountaineering skill.
Scene from the railway near Laggan
Page  Twenty-one
- -
■ THE       CHALLENGE
OF   THE    MO UNTAl NS
Paradise Valley
To the east of Laggan run
two mountain valleys, both of
which are noted for their exquisite scenery. Paradise Valley,
the nearer to Lake Louise, lies
between Mount Sheol and Mount
Temple, while the Valley of Ten
Peaks, as its name implies, is
lined by ten great peaks, and
holds at its head Moraine Lake.
Its entrance to Paradise Valley
is under the shadows of Mount
Sheol, that rises to nearly 10,000
feet. The traveller, as he gazes
into the valley spread at his very
feet, cannot but be struck by the
wondrous beauty laid out before
him,   and   the   immensity   of  the
Lake Hector,  near  Lake  Louise
Mountain Climbing in the Canadian Rocky
Mountains
scale and the perfection of the
symmetry of Nature's work.
The valley of the Ten Peaks
extends parallel to Paradise Valley; on the other side of Mount
Temple. In it is Moraine Lake,
two miles long and a half 2 mile
wide, in which there is trgjit fishing. The Government has*recently
constructed a special carriage
road from Lake Louise to Moraine
Lake.
The names of many famous
men have been associated with
mountain climbing. Tyndall and
Leslie Stephen wrote delightful
accounts of the achievements and
joys of arduous ascents. Ruskin
was converted to the use of Alpine
climbs, and wrote that "the pure
and holy hills should be treated as
Page  Twenty-two V
THE       CHALLENGE
OF    THE    MO UNT A I N 3
a link between earth and heaven." Honorable James Bryce, British
Ambassador at Washington, was the first since Noah, it is said, to
make an ascent of Mount Ararat.
There is some quality, in short, of remoteness and effort, of
aiming at some distant goal which can be attained only by mastery
of one's self and the fastnesses of nature, that exercises an irresistible
fascination in the case of resolute and well-endowed persons.
"Mountain climbing is not a dangerous pastime, but a beneficial
recreation which has no age limit, and within proper limitations is
conducive to health and an aid to digestion."—Dr. J. C. Yonge, N. Y.
"Climbing the mountains around Lake Louise has been to me a
revelation of the beauties of Nature, and an interesting and exhilarating form of exercise; as a result I shall return to my labors
with renewed vigor."—Rev. J. S. Smith, London.
"Mountain climbing lifts the soul to closer contact with the
Divine Creator whose eternal love has given us these wondrous
beauties to enjoy."—Rev. J. Outram.
Moraine Lake and Valley of the Ten Peaks, near Lake Louise
Page  Twenty-three THE       CHALLENGE
OF   THE   MOUNTAINS
The Great Divide, where the waters flow eastward and westward
Cathedral Mountain, 10,204 feet high, rises on the south side of
the track, just before Field is reached. It is happily named, for its
summit bears a wonderful resemblance to some noble ruin of Gothic
architecture. From the very verge of the rise, where the gradual
slope has given place to a precipice, springs a great crag, like the
shattered tower of a cathedral.
A great glacier has found its way down the heights at the head
of the lake and has forced its course between and around the peaks.
For a third of the distance from the lake to the summit the ice is
entirely covered by a picturesque mass of rocks, piled in such disorder
as chance directed the ice should have them. It is a picturesque and
awe-inspiring sight, the effect of which is magnificent in the extreme.
Between Hector, near the summit of the Rockies, and Field,
at the base of Mount Stephen, one of the greatest engineering feats
of this century has just been completed. To reduce the steep grade
on the western slope of the Rockies, the line has been lengthened
m/mlm
Page Twenty-four
i*ti i hi r«rr n, ■!__"*>■
..-■■'. i        ■■■•....... THE       C HA LL'ENG E
OF   THE    MOUNTAINS
from a little over four miles to eight and one-fifth miles, or in other
words, the grade on this portion of the line is reduced about one-half
and the road is made twice as long. The new line has two spiral
tunnels driven through solid rock—one 2,912 feet and the other
3,184 feet in length. Each spiral tunnel, with approaches, makes
a complete loop of track. A short, straight tunnel completes this
immense work, which was carried through at a cost of nearly a million
Se
Spiral Tunnels, showing Mount Stephen
. y«..w,y»»y
Page  Twenty-five :   j   ■
THE       CHALLENGE
OF    THE    MO UNTAl NS
.
Spiral Tunnels near Field,  B.  C, showing Mount Wapta
and a half dollars. This new construction not only reduces a heavy
grade, but adds greatly to the scenic effects to be obtained from the
passing trains. On the higher track excellent vistas are afforded
of the Yoho Valley, lying to the north, and from the lower track
Cathedral Mountain and Mount Stephen stand out in bold relief in all
their immensity and grandeur.     r
Six miles from Laggan thev summit of the Rockies is reached,
and the Great Divide is passed, 5,296 feet above sea level. It-is
marked by a rustic arch spanning a stream, under which the waters
divide by one of those curious freaks with which nature occasionally
diverts herself. For the two little brooks have curiously different
fates, though they have a common origin. The waters that deviate
to the east eventually mingle with the ice-cold tides of Hudson Bay,
while the rivulet that turns to the west adds its mite to the volume
of the Pacific.
Stephen, the most elevated station on the Canadian Pacific
Railway line, takes its name from the first president of the company,
Lord Mount Stephen, while the next on the westward slope, Hector,
recalls Sir James Hector.
Page Twenty-six aw**
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AT Field the Kicking Horse River for a short distance flows
/\ across broad, level flats, that are only covered when the
L \ water is high. The place itself is a prosperous little village,
but is dwarfed into insignificance by the splendid mountains
that hem it in. On one side is Mount Burgess; on the other Mount
Stephen, one of the grandest of all the Rockies. Field is the gateway of the wonderful Yoho Valley, and the headquarters for
mountaineers of the more ambitious type. Here is located the
spacious and comfortable Mount Stephen House of the Canadian
Pacific Hotel System.
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Mount Stephen House,  Field,  B.  C.
Canadian Pacific Hotel System
Page   Tzventy-seven THE       CHALLENGE
OF   THE    MOUNTAIN
Field,  Kicking Horse River, and Mount Stephen
This Hotel enjoys a splendid reputation for its service,
and guests will find here one of
the most interesting and enjoyable resorts in the mountains.
Looking from the shoulder of
Mount Burgess or Mount Stephen
the valley seems narrow, the river
a mere stream, and the dwellings
in the village dolls' houses. From
below Mount Stephen fills all the
view; so rounded, so symmetrical,
the spectator hardly realizes at
first that he has before him a
rock mass towering 10,000 feet
above sea level and 6,500 feet
above the valley.
Swiss guides are stationed
at   the    hotel,    and   will   help
Snow Peak Avenue
Road to Emerald Lake from Field
Page  Twenty-eight THE       CHALLENGE
OF   THE   M OUNTAINS
Emerald   Lake   Chalet
Canadian Pacific Hotel  System
the  ambitious  in climbing the  heights.    The  lower  slopes  of the
mountain   have   one   spot   well
worth   visiting,   the   fossil   bed,
where for 150 yards the side of
the  mountain,   for  a  height  of
300 or 400 feet, has slid forward
and  broken  into  a  number   of
shaly,  shelving limestone  slabs,
exposing innumerable fossils.
From Field is a delightful
drive of seven miles round the
spurs of Mount Burgess to the
beautiful Emerald Lake. The
road leads through a splendid
spruce forest. In one place the
road has been cut straight as
an arrow for a mile in length.
Snow Peak Avenue this stretch
is called. At Emerald Lake is
a charming chalet operated by
the Canadian Pacifi: Railway,
where tourists may find excellent accommodation at the
very entrance to the wonderful
Yoho Valley.
Natural Bridge, near Field,  B.  C.
Page  Twenty-nine THE       CHALLENGE
OF    THE    M OUNTAI NS
Emerald Lake
The Natural Bridge
One of the most interesting
of the short excursions to be
made from Field is a walk of two
and a half miles to the Natural
Bridge, spanning the Kicking
Horse River. This bridge was
formed by the action of the
water of the river itself on the
soft limestone rock.
Emerald Lake is one of the
most fascinating spots in this
wonderful mountain region.
Replete with lovely pictures,
the coloring of Emerald Lake
is rich and vivid, the contrast
between the water and the trees
being very striking.
Emerald Lake, from balcony of Chalet
Page  Thirty THE       CHALLENGE
OF    THE    M OUNTAI N S
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Riding Party starting from Emerald Lake Chalet for Yoho Valley
The Yoho Valley
Emerald Lake is half way
to the Yoho Valley, one of the
most beautiful mountain valleys
in the world.
It is a most delightful experience to ride from Emerald
Lake through the Yoho Valley
and stay at the comfortable
camps provided by the Canadian
Pacific Railway Company for
tourists. Every person who has
taken this trip is enthusiastic
regarding the many beautiful
sights and scenes visited. On
this riding trip will be seen
mighty glaciers, their surface
lit up and flecked with many
hues in the sunlight, and charming cascades,  their  waters
Views from the  Summit Lake  Camp
Page  Thirty-one THE       CHALLENGE
OF   THE   MOUNTAINS
Upper  Camp  in  Yoho   Valley
leaping, in a filmy thread-like
line, 800 feet or more. Thick
woods shut out the summit of
the pass, but part asunder to
grant a glimpse of Summit Lake,
a stretch of water 1,800 feet
above Emerald Lake.
The Canadian Rockies
excel all other places for a camping trip, because there is so much
to see that is interesting, novel
and exhilarating. Blest, indeed,
are those that can get away
from the turmoil of the city and
spend some time among these
matchless mountains and see
Nature in all her grandeur of
towering peaks and glistening
glacier, wild and weird canyons,
Lower Camp, Yoho Valley
Page  Thirty-two THE       CHALLENGE
OF   THE    MOUNTAINS
§*-
Pack Train in Yoho  Valley
picturesque mountain lakes and tarns, spacious valleys and enchanting streams.   The camps in the Yoho Valley are models of comfort.
1
Wapta Glacier, Yoho Valley
Page  Thirty-three .
THE       CHALLENGE
OF    THE    M OUNTAI N S
Twin Falls, Yoho Valley
A short distance from
Emerald Lake and Look-out
Point is reached, where a
superb view of the celebrated
Takakkaw Falls, the highest
cataract in America, is obtained. Eight times as high
as Niagara (1,200 feet), it
compares with anything in
the vYosemite Valley.
All up the valley other
cascades are seen or heard.
The hills are crowned with
glaciers and the water melted
from them seeks the shortest
way to the valley, even at
the cost of a plunge of hundreds of feet. Perhaps ? the
most fascinating of them are
the Laughing Falls. Their
leap is only 200 feet, but their
waters seem to laugh with
glee as they go, and their milk-white flood smiles delightfully through
the dark evergreens around. Further up the valley on the left
branch of the forked stream are the Twin Falls, an almost unique
phenomenon and as beautiful as it is unexpected.
The excellent camps and good trails of the Yoho Valley make
this one of the most delightful mountain rides in America.
But t .ere is sterner scenery than any the waterfalls present
along the Yoho Valley. A great glacier, too, far larger even than
the famous Illecillewaet Glacier of the Selkirks, overhangs the right-
hand fork of the valley. The Wapta Glacier, as it is named, is part
of the great Waputekh ice field guarded by Mount Gordon, Mount
Balfour and the broken crags of Trolltinderne (The Elfin's Crown).
At the fork of the Yoho Valley another shelter has been provided for visitors and there are many who will take advantage of it.
The trip round the valley from Emerald Lake can be made in a day.
The return to Field may be varied by crossing the Burgess
Pass, which is unquestionably one of the finest mountain rides in
the world and should be taken by every lover of mountain scenery.
From this lofty trail Emerald Lake is seen thousands of feet below,
with the Emerald Range rising beyond, while on the other hand
Mounts Cathedral, Stephen and Dennis and the Ottertail Range
excite admiration. From this eminence a zig-zag path leads down
by easy stages to Mount Stephen House.
Page Thirty-four NESTLING in a niche of the narrow valley a few rods from the
railway, and surrounded by the beautiful evergreen trees that
everywhere thrive in this region, is a charming hotel, the
Glacier House, which has become so popular that the
Canadian Pacific Railway Company has found it necessary to
enlarge the original structure, and erect new buildings. General
Hamilton wrote in the guests' book at the hotel: "My wife and I
have travelled for nearly forty years all over the world, and are
both agreed the scenery at Glacier House is the finest we have seen
in Europe, Asia, Africa or America."
First to attract the tourist is the Great Glacier of
the Selkirks, which crowds its tremendous head down the
mountain gorge, within thirty minutes' walk of the hotel. At
the left Sir Donald rears his mighty peak more than a mile
and a half above the railway.     A mountain rivulet rushes  down
">
11
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Glacier House,   B.   C.
Canadian Pacific Hotel  System
Page  Thirty-five
— THE       C H'ALL'EN G E
OF   THE   MOUNTAINS
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the abruptly rocky sides of the
mountain opposite the hotel,
and a trail has been cut up the
steep incline to a spot beside
the rushing stream where a
rustic summer house has been
erected. The effect is novel
and pleasing. The waters
from this stream have been
utilized to supply the hotel and
fountains that play in the
foreground. All the streams
here are simply ice water from
the glaciers. A tower has been
erected near the annex of the
hotel, on which is a large
telescope commanding a view of the great glacier and surrounding
objects. As one alights here a feeling of restfulness comes over
him. Everything conspires to a feeling that all the cares and rush
of the business world are shut out by the great mountain. The trees,
the streams, and even the mountains speak of peace and quiet.
The Great Glacier is nearly two miles from the hotel, but among
such gigantic surroundings looks much nearer. It is the centre of
a group of glaciers embracing more than one hundred and fifty-
seven square miles, and the hoary head seen from the hotel is one
Entrance to Ice. Cave in Great Glacier
Riding Party at Glacier, B.  C.
Page  Thirty-six THE       CHALLENGE
OF   THE    MOUNTAINS
of several outlets. The great ice
peaks and glaciers are truly an
interesting study. They intensify the gloomy thick clouds, and
burst into glittering silver when
the sun shines on them. Later
they are robed in the gorgeous
colors of the evening; and in the
mysterious silent night the moon
and the stars look down to see
their faces in the glassy surface.
The Illecillewaet Glacier, like
nearly every other observed
glacier in the world, is receding.
It is reckoned that the sun drives
it back on the average 35 feet a
year, and recovers this much
from the bonds of ice. However,
after the ice is gone, the moraine remains, and it will be many centuries before the great rocks carried down by the glacier are reduced
to dust, and the land thus reclaimed supports renewed vegetation.
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Looking out of the Ice Cave in the
Great Glacier
Marion Lake, near Glacier, B. C.
Page  Thirty-seven THE       CHALLENGE
OF    THE    M OUNTAI NS
From Glacier House other expeditions of great interest may be
made. One trail leads first to the shores of Marion Lake, 1,750
feet above, and two miles distant from the hotel, where a shelter
is erected. Splendid views are obtained on the way of the range
from Eagle Peak to Sir Donald, and a path strikes off for Observation Point, where another shelter is built for those who would dwell
on the glories of Rogers' Pass to the northeast and the Illecillewaet
Valley to the west. Mount Abbot is a day's climb, but it is an easy
one, and should be undertaken by all, for from it a splendid view is
obtained of the Asulkan Valley.
From Observation Point an extremely fine view is obtained,
down the Illecillewaet Valley, along the precipitous sides of which
the track has had to make a descent of 522 feet in seven miles.
This feat taxed to the utmost the skill of the engineers, and they
accomplished it by means of the famous Loops of the Selkirks, a
winding course which the railway has to follow.
First, the track crosses a valley leading from Mount Bonney
glacier. Then it touches for a moment the base of Ross Peak. It
doubles back to the right for a mile or more and so close are the
The Great Glacier of the Selkirks, easily reached from Glacier House
Page  Thirty-e igJi t BtHE       CHALLENGE
OF    THE    M OUNTAI NS
iff
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Asulkan Glacier, near Glacier, B. C.
tracks that a stone might be tossed from one to the other. Next it
sweeps around and reaches the slope of Mount Cougar on the other
side of the Illecillewaet, but it has to cross the stream once more
before it finally finds a way parallel to the general trend of the valley.
The line has made a double "S'? in its course, and has cut two long
gashes on the mountain side, one above the other.
Twenty-two miles from Glacier, the Illecillewaet River runs
through the Albert Canyon, a gorge so marvellous that several of
the regular trains stop for a few minutes to allow passengers to see
its wonders.
The Great Caves of NaKimu, near Glacier, B. C.
These great caves, which were discovered by Charles H.
Deutschman, are situated about six miles from Glacier, B. C,
at the head of a beautiful valley, the altitude being 1,980 feet from
the track and above the snow line. The wonderful caverns are
formed by the action of water for ages upon the solid rock, and
are a series of chambers with large entrances, the ceilings being
polished strata of rock, varying in height. The main chamber is
about 200 feet in height, with a varying width of from 150 to 200
Page  Thirty-nine THE       CHALLENGE
OF   THE    MOUNTAINS
Mount Macdonald,  near Glacier,  B.  C.
feet. The walls sparkle with the quartz crystals, and myriads of
miniature lights are reflected from the darkness. In other parts
the walls are smooth as marble, the harder portions of the formation
showing like the rounded rafters of a cathedral dome. No evidence
has so far been discovered that any portion of these caverns has
ever been used as the habitation of human beings. A visit to these
remarkable caves is an interesting day's trip from Glacier, as the
scenery from the trail is grand beyond description.
The following tribute to the Canadian Rockies by Sir Martin
Conway, one of the most noted travellers, and probably the best
authority on mountains in the world, needs no comment. "The
common but erroneous opinion seems to be that all mountain scenery
is very much alike; as a matter of fact, there is the widest possible diversity in the character of mountain scenery in different
parts of the world. Mountains, wherever you find them, have
qualities of their own; there is an immense variety of type and of
charm; but in all this variety of beauty of mountain scenery, there
are no mountains which combine grace, and at the same time, boldness of form with forest and with water more beautifully blended
than the Canadian Rockies."
What is it in these mighty peaks that draws from eighty to
one hundred thousand people every summer from all parts of the
iii_Wi »i   UITI—"MMI
Page Forty
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X
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C HAL L E N G E
OF    THE    M OUNTAINS
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Marmot or Whistler, near Caves of Nakimu
world to the Canadian Rockies
and implants in the heart of
every one of them a desire to
go again? The strange magical
beauty of this region grows
upon each visitor. Here seems
to be left behind the hurry and
unrest of the business world,
and a strange content takes
possession of one, and you
recall the cares that fretted a
few short days ago, and you
smile at your folly as you look
upon the sublime heights that
stand unmoved by time.
The Canadian Rockies appeal
strongest in the summer months,
when in most American cities
the sun is beating mercilessly
down during the long torrid
days, then "flee to the mountains" for that refreshing balm to tired minds and jaded nerves,
where the exhilarating air imbues all with new life and energy.
The Canadian Rockies are also unique for their abnormally
high percentage of sunny days, their corresponding minimum of
rain and the entire absence of foggy or misty weather and dew.
From the 1st of June to the 1st of October there is practically no
rain, except passing showers of short duration, preceded and succeeded by bright sunshine.
No greater contrast is it possible for mortals to enjoy than from
the city with its noisy, rushing tumult, and the smoky, dusty, hot
streets, prosy stores and dwellings, where man and mammon reign,
to the Canadian Rockies, with their ampient air, blue skies, fleecy
clouds, that oft obscure the giant peaks, emerald lakes and rushing streams of clear, pure water. The mountains, from time immemorial, have always been an inspiration to mankind to higher
thoughts, where he is impressed with the magnitude of the works of
Nature and the insignificance of the works of man, and inspired to
higher ideals and loftier purposes in life. They speak not of the
frivolous, gay and fleeting, but of strength, majesty, power and
Dermanence.
Everywhere in the mountains the visitor finds himself in
strange surroundings, and over all stand the majestic snow-tipped
peaks, ever extending a challenge to the new-comer to scale the
granite barrier and view a new world, with its endless combinations
Page Forty-one
J
. iTHE       CHALLENGE
OF   THE    MOUNTAINS!
of light and shade, parks and passes and
gorges, always pervaded by a clear electric
atmosphere, which is a revelation to persons accustomed to living in the close,
damp ajr of the lower altitudes.
Th^se mountain fastnesses will ever
remain a game preserve for the grizzly,
cinnamon and black bears, the mountain
sheep (big horn), the mountain goat, the
puma or mountain lion, the moose, elk,
caribou, and various species of smaller
deer, wolverine, and a great variety of
smaller fur-bearing animals and a vast
natural park, where man can find Nature
as it passes from the great Creator,
untarnished by the hand of man. Succeeding generations of the children of
men will gaze upon these majestic mountains, whose peaks of eternal ice tower
above the clouds that would hide the sun;
and will look with awe at the wild canyons
and mountain torrents; and will behold with ecstasy the many
scenes of Edenic beauty, too sacred to remain in the gaze of the
multitude, but "sought out of all those who have pleasure therein."
Camping in Canadian Rocky
Mountains
Sicamous Hotel,   Sicamous Jet.
Canadian Pacific Hotel  System
Page Forty-two ,.K!:;ie:;i j|:sj;.
..
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REVELSTOKE is an important centre; from it
there is water communication with the rich
Kootenay and Boundary districts. It is on the Columbia
River, which has made a great
bend since the train crossed it
at Donald and flowing now
south instead of north, is much
increased in size. Twenty-eight
miles below Revelstoke it expands into the Arrow Lakes,
at Arrowhead, and from there
well-appointed Canadian Pacific
Railway steamboats carry travellers   to   Nakusp and   Robson
Kootenay  Trout
Revelstoke, the Kootenay Gateway
Page Forty-three ■— J
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from which the Slocan, Kootenay,
Boundary and Rossland districts
are reached.
Down  the  Arrow  Lakes  the
steamer   plies   to   Nakusp   and
Robson, passing near the head of
the  lakes,  the   famous  Halcyon
Hot Springs.    This is a favorite
summer   resort,   having  a  good
hotel, while opposite is Halcyon
Peak,    10,400    feet    high,    and
several fine waterfalls.    A spur
■    of the Canadian Pacific Railway
connects    it    with    Sandon    on
Slocan  Lake;  in  the  centre  of
the silver-lead district, and with
Rosebery,   to   join   the   steamer
that plies down the lake to Slocan City.    Here again the rails begin
and communicate with Robson at the end of the Lower Arrow on the
west, and with Nelson on an arm of Kootenay Lake on the east.
The Arrow Lakes steamer has also come the full length from
Robson, 165 miles through splendid mountain scenery, while from
Robson trains run over a short but important line to Trail and Rossland, through one of the richest mining regions in the world.    Yet
Columbia  River,  near  Revelstoke
Scenery and Fishing in the Kootenay are unsurpassed
Page Forty-four
s THE       CHALLENGE
OF   THE    MOUNTAINS
another branch from Robson has been constructed through the
Boundary district to Midway and opens up another prosperous mining
locality.
The Crows Nest Branch of the Canadian Pacific Railway ends
at Kootenay Landing, and from there to Nelson there is communication by Canadian Pacific Railway steamer. At Proctor near
Nelson, the Canadian Pacific are erecting a hotel for tourists as this
district has great natural beauty. A steamboat line has been established from Nelson up Kootenay Lake to Lardo, whence an isolated
branch of railway runs thirty-two miles north to Gerrard, and a
steamer plies across Trout Lake to Trout Lake City, a matter of
seventeen miles, so that every part of Southern British Columbia
may be visited. This is a charming country which is growing
each season in popularity, attracting, by its many charms of lake
and mountain, tourists who love the fertile stretches in the beautiful valleys with their nestling fruit farms and the presence of population and industry.
Nelson, the chief city in the Kootenay district, is situated at
an altitude of 1,760 feet above the sea level and on the south shore
of a splendid stretch of water. It is a charming city to visit and
has many attractions, including excellent rainbow trout fishing to
offer to anglers.
The Kootenay District has not only singular beauty of its own,
but it is also attaining a splendid reputation as a fruit-growing section. Around Nelson is produced splendid apples, plums, cherries
and small fruits in large quantities of delicious flavor. The climate
is much milder than in the Canadian Rockies to the north, and the
soil is apparently ideal for fruit
culture.
Many tourists are now taking
the Kootenay trip as an alternative route to the Pacific Coast
and thus seeing Canada's mountains under varying conditions,
as the Kootenay has not the
rugged grandeur of the Canadian
Rockies, but a different fascinating beauty of valley, lake and
mountain that appeals because
of its varied general attractiveness. Few districts so well repay
a visit.
At Yale is felt the balmy air
of the Pacific. At Spence's
Bridge    is    a    curious   Indian Fishing in the Kootenay
!
Page Forty-five THE       CHALLENGE
OF    THE    MOUNTAINS
i
cemetery. At Agassiz is a fine Government experimental fruit farm,
while five miles away to the north is Harrison Lake, a beautiful
spot, with its hot sulphur springs, the visitors to which will find
good accommodation at Harrison Springs Hotel.
At Mission Junction the branch line runs to the international
boundary and there joins the Northern Pacific Railroad. By this
route Seattle is reached and connections with the Shasta route for
San Francisco and all the Pacific States. The main line, however,
keeps on past Westminster Junction (where a branch line leads
to Westminster), and arrives at the terminus of the Canadian Pacific
Railway at Vancouver.
Vancouver, on the shores of Burrard Inlet, is the largest
city in British Columbia and has one of the finest harbors on
the Pacific. The many attractions of Vancouver and the splendid
service of the Canadian Pacific Railway Hotel Vancouver offer
many inducements to visit the numerous points of interest from
here. The Canadian Pacific Railway Company's Empresses transport passengers swiftly and comfortably to Japan or China, the
Canadian-Australian line runs regularly to Honolulu, Fiji, Australia
and New Zealand; while if such long journeys are not desired take
a   Canadian   Pacific   Railway   steamer   to   Victoria   on   Vancouver
Yale,  B.  C.
Page Forty-six TH 1       C H A L L E N G E
OF    THE    MOUNTAINS
Island, or the attractive coasting trip to British Columbia points
and Alaska.
A few hours' steam from Vancouver is Victoria, the capital of
British Columbia. Across the Straits of Georgia daily ply the
Canadian Pacific Railway steamers "Princess Victoria" and
"Princess Charlotte," of the Vancouver, Victoria, Seattle service,
passing through an archipelago of small islands, comparable to the
Thousand Islands of the St. Lawrence, though with infinitely finer
timber.
The inland waterways connecting with Burrard Inlet afford
splendid facilities for short ' excursion trips to nearby camping
grounds and pleasure resorts. Across the Inlet, close to the City
of North Vancouver, are fishing streams, mountain trails, and
splendid roadways leading to scenic features of remarkable
beauty.
Victoria itself is a city of lovely homes and the seat of the Provincial Government, its Parliament building being one of the handsomest edifices on the continent. This city is of singular beauty
and has a population of over 30,000. The magnificent Empress
Hotel, the latest addition to the splendid Canadian Pacific Hotel
System, overlooks the harbor, and for situation and appointments
is acknowledged to be one of the finest hotels on the Pacific Coast.
Beacon Hill Park, 300 acres in extent, is no less beautiful than
Stanley Park of Vancouver. Numerous other attractions are offered
to visitors, including splendid drives, golf and other sports.
Hotel Vancouver
Canadian Pacific Hotel System
Page Forty-seven THE       CHALLENGE
OF    THE    MOUNTAINS
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On the Beach at English Bay, Vancouver,  B.  C.
The Parliament Building at Victoria is acknowledged to be one
of the handsomest and most imposing structures on the continent.
It is one of the first sights to catch the visitor's eye as he enters
the harbour of Victoria. It stands amid spacious and beautifully
kept lawns, the vivid green of which testifies to the mildness of the
climate.
In the Parliament Buildings there are three distinct Museums,
namely in the Agricultural Department, the Mines Department, and
in a wring solely devoted to this purpose, there is what is known as
the Provincial Museum. This latter contains a most interesting
collection of British Columbia fossils, Indian curios and specimens
of natural history, and it is said by experts to be one of the most
perfect collections of its kind in America.
The Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway from Victoria has some
very interesting scenery to offer tourists as well as excellent fishing
and hunting resorts.
From Victoria connections can be made by steamers with all
parts of the world.
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S.S.  Princess  Charlotte in Victoria Harbour and Empress Hotel
Page Forty-eight I I A SniwFijeld /    j
31
Chief Geographer's oFPice, Deparfmen. of ltie Canadian Pacific Railway
AGENCIES
Adelaide.... SOUTH Aus.. Australasian United Steam Nav. Co., Ltd	
Antwerp BELGIUM.. Sidney Edward Cruse, Agent 33 Quai Jordaens
Auckland N. Z..Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand, Ltd.	
Baltimore Md..A. W. Robson, Passenger and Ticket Agent 127 E. Baltimore St.
Bellingham Wasel.W. H. Gordon, Passenger Agent 1233 Elk St.
Berlin Germany. . International Sleeping Car Co 69 Unter den Linden
Bombay India..Ewart Latham & Co., Thos. Cook & Son	
Boston MASS.. F. R. Perry, District Passenger Agent 382 Washington St.
..G. A. Titcomb, City Passenger Agent	
Brandon Man. .J. E. Proctor, District Passenger Agent	
Brisbane QD..The British India and Queensland Agency Co., Ltd —
Bristol Eng. .A. S. Ray, Agent 18 St. Augustine's Parade
Brussels BELGIUM..International Sleeping Car Co    Nord Station
..Thos. Cook & Son 41 Rue de la Madeleine
Buffalo N. Y.. G. H. Griffin, City Passenger Agent 233 Main St.
Calcutta India..Thos. Cook & Son 9 Old Court House St.
.. Gillanders, Arbuthnot & Co 	
Calgary Alba..R. G. McNeillie, District Passenger Agent	
Canton China..Jardine, Matheson & Co.....	
Chicago III..A. C. Shaw, General Agent, Passenger Department 232 S. Clark St.
Cincinnati    Ohio..A. J. Blaisdell, G. A.P. D Sinton Hotel Block, 15 E. Fourth St.
Cleveland Ohio.. Geo. A. Clifford, City Passenger Agent Cor. Superior and West Third Sts.
Cologne GERMANY..International Sleeping Car Co Central Station
..Thos. Cook & Son 1 Domhof
Colombo CEYLON.. Bois Brothers & Co., Thos. Cook & Son	
Detroit Mich.. A. E. E!dmonds, District Passenger Agent 7 Fort Street W.
Duluth MINN..M. Adson, Gen. Passr. Agt.,D. S. S. & A. Ry Manhattan Bldg.
Frankfort Germany..International Sleeping Car Co 17 Kaiserstrasse
Glasgow Scotland..Thomas Russell, Agent 120 St. Vincent St.
Halifax N. S.. J. D. Chipman, City Passenger and Freight Agent 37 George St.
Hamburg Germany.. C. F. A. Flugge 26 Alsterdam
Hamilton Ont..W. J. Grant, Commercial Agent , Cor. King and James Sts.
Hobart Tasmania..Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand, Ltd	
Hongkong D. W. Craddock, General Traffic Agent, China, etc	
Honolulu H. I. .Theo. H. Davies & Co., Ltd	
Kansas City Mo..Ed Merchant, Travelling Passenger Agent 441 Sheidley Bldg.
Kobe  Japan.. J. Rankin, Agent 14 A. Maye-Machi
Liverpool Eng..VV. J. Pugsley, Agent 24 James St.
London ENG..H. S. Carmichael, General Passenger Agent 62-65 Charing Cross S. W.
..T.J. Smith, General Freight Agent 67-68 King William St. E. C.
London ONT..W. Fulton, City Passenger Agent 161Dundas St.
Los Angeles Cal.. A. A. Polhamus, Traveling Passenger Agent, 609 South Spring St.
Madrid Spain. .International Sleeping Car Co 18 Calle de Alcala Equitable Bldg.
.. Thos. Cook & Son 30 Calle de Arena
Melbourne Aus.. Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand, Ltd	
Minneapolis Minn..W. B. Chandler, General Passenger Agent, Soo Line	
Montreal QUE..E. J. Hebert, General Agent, Passenger Dept Windsor St. Station
.. A. E. Lalande, City Passenger Agent 129 St. James St.
Moscow RUSSIA .International Sleeping Car Co Hotel Metropole
Nelson B. C. .W. J. Wells, District Passenger Agent	
New York N. Y.. Allan Cameron, General Traffic Agent 458 Broadway
. • International Sleeping Car Co 281 Fifth Ave.
Niagara Falls N. Y..D. Isaacs Prospect House
Nice France.. International Sleeping Car Co 2 Avenue Massena
.. Thos. Cook & Son 16 Avenue Massena
Ottawa Ont.. George Duncan, City Passenger Agent 42 Sparks St.
Paris France..International Sleeping Car Co 5 Boulevard des Capicunes
..Hernu, Peron & Co., Ltd., Ticket Agents 61 Boulevard Haussman
..Thos. Cook & Son •    1 Place d'Opera
Philadelphia. Pa. ,F. W. Huntington, General Agent, Passr. Dept 629-631 Chestnut St.
Pittsburg Pa. .T. G. Orr, Travelling Passenger Agent 317 Fifth Ave.
Portland Me. .R. D. Jones, Ticket Agent, Maine Central Railroad Union Depot
Portland Ore.. F. R. Johnston, General Agent, Passenger Department 142 Third St.
Quebec Que .Jules Hone, City Passenger Agent 30 St. John St., cor. Palace Hill
Borne Italy. .InternationaLSleeping Car Co 93 Piazza San Silvestro
!l. ..Thos. Cook & Son 54 Piazza Esedra di Termini
Sault Ste. Marie. .Mich. . W. J. Atchison, City Passr. Agt.; W. 0. Sutherland Depot Ticket Agent
St. John N. B..W. B. Howard, District Passenger Agent 8 King St.
St. Louis Mo..T. J. Barnes. City Passenger Agent  725 Olive St.
St. Paul Minn. .L. M. Harmsen, City Ticket Agent, Soo Line 379 Robert St.
St. Petersburg..Russia. .International Sleeping Car Co    5 Perspective Newsky
San Francisco Cal. .E. E. Penn, G. A. P. D.; J. H. Griffin, D. F. A 645 Market St., Palace Hotel
Seattle Wash. . A. B. Calder, G. A. P. D Mutual Life Bldg., 609 First Ave.
Shanghai China..A. R. Owen, Agent	
Spokane Wash..G. A. Walton, General Aeent, Passenger Department 14 Wall St.
Suva  Fiji..Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand, Ltd	
Sydney  Aus..Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand, Ltd	
Tacoma  Wash..C. H. Reade, Passenger Agent 1113 Pacific Ave.
Toronto ONT..R. L. Thompson, District Passenger Agent 67 Yonge St.
Vancouver B. CC. B. Foster, Asst. Gen. Passenger Agent; J. Moe, City Ticket Agent.
Victoria B. C..L. D. Chetham, City Passenger Agent 1102 Government St.
Warsaw Russia. .International Sleeping Car Co Hotel Bristol
Washington D. C.. E. P. Allen, C. F. & P. A Bond Bldg., 14th St. and New York Ave.
Winnipeg Man.. A. G. Richardson, City Passenger Agent Cor. Main St. and Portage Ave.
Yokohama Japan.. W. T. Payne, Manager Trans-Pacific Line 14 Bund
Messrs. THOS. COOK & SON, Tourist Agents, with offices in all parts of the world, are also
agents of the Canadian Pacific Railway, and can supply tickets and information. iidwu^t /3+ 7r\, ^
m

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