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Uniform code of operating rules, no: 7 Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1950

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UNIFORM CODE OF OPERATING RULES
NO. 7
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MIFOM CODE OF OPERATING RULES NO.   7
A. FOCUS
B. BLANK
1. CMADIM PACIFIC PRESENTS.
AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE UNIFORM CODE OF OPERATING RULES
IS DEVOTED TO THE PROTECTION OF THE REM OF TRAINS, MM
THEY MAY FOR MY REASON, BE OVERTMEN BY A FOLLOWING TRAIN,
STOPS ON THE MAIN TRACK WILL ALSO USE UP TIME TMT MAY BE
REQUIRED TO CLEAR OPPOSING SUPERIOR TRAINS.  CMADIM
PACIFIC PRESMTS THE PROCEDURE TMT MUST BE FOLLOMD MEN
MANUAL PROTECTION IS PROVIDED BY CREWS.
2. U.C.O.R. NO. 7
THIS PRESENTATION WILL BE KNOWN AS U.C.O.R. NO. 7.
3. RULES 11, 15, 99 AND 100
IT INCLUDES RULES 11, 15, 99 AND 100.
4. DIAGRAM:  SECOND AND FOURTH CLASS TRAIN
WHEN DEALING WITH RULE 99 ONE OR TWO BASIC PRINCIPLES
REMTIM TO TRAIN OPERATION MIGHT BE HELPFUL.  INFERIOR
TMINS MUST KEEP OUT OF THE WAY OF SUPERIOR TRAINS, BUT
MEN FOR ANY MASON THEY FAIL TO DO SO, THEY MUST BE
PROTECTED FROM THE DIRECTION IN MICH THE SMERIOR TRAIN
IS TRAVELLING AS PRESCRIBED BY THE RULES.  EACH OF THE
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TRAINS IN THIS DIAGRAM IS AUTHORIZED BY TIME TABLE SCHEDULE,
BUT TM TRAIN BEHIND IS SUPERIOR.  TM TRAIN MEAD MUST
THEREFORE BE PROTECTED FROM THE REAR IF IT FAILS TO CLEAR
THE MAIN TMCK AS REQUIRED.
5.  DIAGRAM:  FIRST CMSS AND EXTRA TRAIN
WHEN THE TRAIN DISPATCHER CREATES A TRAIN, THE RULES DO
NOT REQUIRE HIM TO INFORM OTHER TRaINS RUNNING IN THE
SAME DIRECTION, MLESS HE MAKES THE TRAIN EE  CREATES SUPERIOR
TO THE OTHER TRAINS.  ONLY ON RARE OCCASIONS IS THIS DONE.
THE RESULT IS THAT ANY TRAIN, NO MATTER HOW IMPORTANT IT
MAY SEMI, MUST ALMYS WORK ON THE THEORY THAT ANOTHER TMIN
IS FOLLOWING.  MRE AN EXTM TRAIN MS TAKEN THE SIDMG
TO LET A FIRST CMSS TRAIN PASS.  WHEN THE REQUIRED INTERVAL
HAS ELAPSED, THE EXTRA TRAIN WILL FOLLOW.
6-  DIAMAM:  EXTRA TRAIN LEAVES SIDING
WE NOW HAVE A CASE WHERE M EXTRA TMIN WILL BE FOLLOWING
A FIRST CLASS TRAIN.  WHILE IT IS PERHAPS MUSUAL FOR AN
EXTRA TMIN TO OMRTME A FIRST CLASS TRAIN, IT CAN MPPEN,
PARTICULMLY MEN THE FIRST CLASS TRAIN IS LOSING TIME.
IT FOLLOWS THAT ALL TRAINS MUST, MLESS PROTECTED BY OTHER
RULES, AFFORD THEMSELVES THE NECESSARY PROTECTION AGAINST
MY MOVEMENT THAT MAY BE APPROACHING FROM THE REM.
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IN OTHER CASES DUE TO A COMBINATION OF CIRCMSTANCES,
PROTECTION IS REQUIRED AGAINST A SUPERIOR TRAIN IN THE
OPPOSING DIRECTION.  RULE 99 SHOWS IN DETAIL HOW MANUAL
PROTECTION IS PROVIDED.
7. FUSEE FROM FMGGING KIT
FUSEES AND TORPEDOES ARE PROMINENTLY INVOLVED WHERE MANUAL
FLAGGING PROTECTION PRESCRIBED IN TMSE RULES IS CONCERNED.
RULES SURROUNDING THE USE OF TMSE SIGNALS ARE THEREFORE
IMPORTANT.
8. RED FLAG, TORPEDOES AND FUSEES
RULE 99 PROVIDES FLAGMEN MUST EACH BE EQUIPPED FOR DAY
TIME WITH A RED FLAG ON A STAFF, AT MAST EIGHT TORPEDOES
AND SEVEN RED FUSEES.
AND
9. WHITE LIGHT, SUPPLY OF MATCHES
FOR NIMT TIME, MD WHEN MATHM OR OTHM CONDITIONS OBSCURE
DAY SIGNALS, A WHITE LIGHT, A SUPPLY OF MATCHES, AT LEAST
EIGHT TORPEDOES MD SEVEN RED FUSEES.
10.  TWISTING FUSEE CAP
THIS IS A RED FUSEE.  ON THE SIDE OF EACH FUSEE ARE PRINTED
INSTRUCTIONS IN THE MANNER OF LIGHTING, HOLDING, ETC.
RULE 11 GOVEMS THEIR USE, MD WILL BE DEALT WITH ON THE
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ASSUMPTION TMT OUR FLAGMAN IS FAMILIAR WITH THE INSTRUCTIONS.
11. RULE 11 PAGE IN BOOK
RULE 11 READS:  "A TRaIN OR MGINE APPROACHING A FUSEE
BURNING RED ON OR NEAR ITS TRACK MUST STOP MD MAY THEN
PROCEED AT RESTRICTED SPEED FOR 2000 YARDS, EXCMT THAT
IN ABS TERRITORY IT MST STOP, MD MY THEN PROCEED AT
RESTRICTED SPEED TO THE NEXT SIGNAL.
12. DIAGRAM:  TRAIN STOPPED AT FUSEE
HERE A TRAIN HaS STOPPED AT A RED FUSEE.
13. DIAGRAM:  FUSEE TO 2000 YARDS
IT NOW PROCEEDS, THE POINT 2000 YaRDS FROM THE FUSEE IS
MIMED ON THIS DIAGRAM, aND THE TRAIN TMVMS AT RESTRICTED
SPEED MTIL IT REACHES THIS POINT.  IT WILL BE REMEMBERED
RESTRICTED SPEED IS A SPEED THaT WILL PERMIT STOPPING WITHIN
ONE HALF THE RANGE OF VISION.
14. DIAGRAM:  RESTRICTED SPEED ABS
HERE ABS RULES GOVEM, AND THE EXCEPTION IN THE RULE TAKES
OVER.  RESTRICTED SPEED THEREFORE ONLY EXTENDS TO THE NEXT
SIGNAL, WHICH IN MIS CASE IS SOME DISTANCE SHORT OF THE
2000 YARD POINT AS ILLUSTRATED ON THIS DIAGRAM.
15. QUESTION
IF THE NEXT SIGNAL WAS A GREATER DISTANCE THM 2000 YARDS
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FROM THE FUSEE, WOULD THE EXCEPTION IN RULE 11 STILL APPLY?
16. DIAGRAM:  SIMaL MORE TMN 2000 MRDS
YES, RESTRICTED SPEED AH/AYS GOVERNS TO THE NEXT SIMAL
IN ABS TERRITORY AS ILLUSTRATED HERE, NO MATTER HOW FM
FROM THE FUSEE THE SIGNAL IS LOCATED.
17. DIAGRiiM:  FUSEE BEYOND aDJACMT
RULE 11 CONTINUES:  "A TRAIN OR ENGINE MPROACHING A FUSEE
BURNING RED BEYOND THE NEAREST RAIL OF AN ADJACENT TRACK
NEED NOT STOP, BUT MUST PROCEED AT RESTRICTED SPEED FOR
2000 YARDS:  EXCEPT TMT IN ABS TERRITORY, IT WILL MOCEED
AT RESTRICTED SPEED TO THE NEXT SIGNAL.
18. DIAMaM:  FUSEE ON ADJACENT TRACK MD 2000 MRDS
IT WILL BE SEEN TMT WHEN THE FUSEE IS BEYOND THE NEAREST
RAIL OF AN ADJaCENT TRACK, A STOP IS NOT NECESSARY, BUT
RESTRICTED SPEED MUST BE APPLIED AS BEFORE.  THE 2000 YARD
POINT IS SHOM AGAIN ON THIS DIaGMM.
19. DIAGRAM:  RESTRICTED SPEED TO NEXT SIGNAL
AND HERE ABS RULES PLaCE RESTRICTED SPEED TO TM NEXT
SIGNAL.
20. DIAGRAM:  YELLOW FUSEE
THE MLLOW FUSEE, ILLUSTRATED HERE, ALSO MS ITS PMCE IN
THE PROTECTION PROCESS.  THE RULE PROVIDES THaT "A TRAIN
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OR MGINE MPROACHING A FUSEE BMNING MLLOW ON OR NMR
ITS TRACK WILL MOCEED BUT AT RESTRICTED SPEED FOR 2000
YARDS:  EXCEPT TMT IN ABS TERRITORY, IT WILL PROCEED AT
RESTRICTED SPEED TO THE NEXT SIGNAL".  IT WILL BE OBSERVED
THAT SPEED REQUIREMMTS aRE THE SME AS WHEN RED FUSEES
ARE USED.  THE DIFFERENCE IS TMT A STOP IS NEMR REQUIRED
AT a YELLOW FUSEE.
21. DIaMaM:     HIGMaY CROSSING
LAST PARAGMPH OF RULE 11 STATES:  FUSEES SHOULD NOT BE
PLACED ON PUBLIC CROSSINGS AT GRADE, NOR WHERE THEY MAY
COMMUNICATE FIRE.  FUSEES ON PUBLIC CROSSINGS AT GMDE
CAN BE INADVERTENTLY EXTINGUISHED BY HIGHV/aY TMFFIC, OR
INTERFERED WITH BY PEDESTRIANS,  GOOD JUDGMENT SHOULD BE
USED WHERE FUSEES aRE LEFT BECAUSE OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
COMMUNICATING FIRE.
22. CLOSEUP OF TORPEDOES
THIS IS A TORPEDO , ITS USE WILL BE DEALT WITH ON THE
ASSUMPTION THAT THE FMGMAN HAS RECEIVED INSTRUCTION FOR
ITS HANDLING.  TORPEDOES EXPLODE AND ARE USED TO ALERT
CREWS OF CONDITIONS REQUIRING IMMEDIATE ATTENTION.
23. RUM 15 MGE
RULE 15 DEALS WITH TORPEDOES.  IT READS:  THE EXPLOSION OF - 7 -
one or more torpedoes in the absmce of a more restrictive
signal, indicates proceed, but at restricted speed for
2000 YaRDS from the point where tm torpedoes were exploded.
24. diagram: torpedoes 2000 mrds
torpedoes are usually used in conjmction with other signals,
but unless the other signals so indicate, a stop is not
required. restricted speed required by the rule commences
at the point mere the tomedoes mre exploded and continms
for a distance of 2000 ymds as illustrated in this diagram.
25. question
if this were abs territory, would the distmce restricted
speed is required be to the next signal rather than for
2000 yards as is the case with fusees?
26. DIAGRAM:  TORPEDOES 1500 YaRDS TO SIGNAL.
NO.  THE LOCATION OF THE NEXT SIGNAL MS NO BEARING ON THE
DISTMCE RESTRICTED SPEED IS APPLIED WHEN TORPEDOES ARE
EMLODED.  IT IS ALWAYS 2000 YARDS.
27. TRAINMAN PLACING TORPEDOES
RULE 15 CONTINUES: WHERE THE USE OF TORPEDOES IS REQUIRED,
DUPLICATES SHOULD BE PLACED ON THE OPPOSITE RAIL TO EXPLODE
SIMULTANEOUSLY.  HERE TORPEDOES ARE SO PLACED. o
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28.  SPEEDER EXPLODING TORPEDOES
RULE 15 ALSO PROVIDES THAT TORPEDOES EMLODED BY OTHER
THAN A TRAIN OR MGINE MUST BE REPMCED IMMEDIATELY.  ON
THE LEFT A TRaCK MOTOR HAS EXPLODED TORPEDOES.  THE PICTURE
ON THE RIGHT ILLUSTRATES THEM BEING REPLACED BY THE OPERATOR
OF THE TMCK MOTOR IN COMPLIANCE WITH THE MLE.
29. DIAGRAM:  MMAN aND CHILD ON CROSSING
RULE 15 CONCLUDES:  TORPEDOES MUST NOT BE PLACED NEAR
STATIONS NOR ON PUBLIC CROSSINGS AT GRADE.  THIS ILLUSTRATES
WHAT IS INVOLVED IN THE EXPLOSION OF TORPEDOES WHEN PEDESTRIANS ARE IN THE VICINITY.
30. RUM 99 IN THREE PARTS
RULE 99 IS DIVIDED INTO THREE PARTS.  PART ONE DEALS WITH
PROTECTION PROCEDURES OUTSIDE ABS TERRITORY, PMT TWO WITHIN
ABS TERRITORY AND PART THREE DESCRIBES WHAT MUST BE DONE
BOTH OUTSIDE AND WITHIN ABS TERRITORY.  FIRST LET'S DEAL
WITH PROTECTION PROCEDURES OUTSIDE ABS.
31. FIRST PARAGRAPH RULE 99
RULE 99 COMMENCES:  WHEN a TRAIN IS MOVING UNDER CIRCUMSTANCES IN WHICH IT MAY BE OVERTaKEN BY ANOTHER TRAIN,
LIGHTED FUSEES MUST BE DROPPED OFF AT PROPER INTERVALS MD
SUCH OTHER ACTION TaKEN AS MAY BE NECESSARY TO ENSURE FULL
PROTECTION.
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32. THROWING OFF FUSEE FROM REAR OF NO. 1
HERE A PASSENGER TRAIN IS IN A POSITION MERE IT MAY BE
OVERTMEN BY MOTHM TRaIN, aND THE RMR TRaINMaN IS TMOM
ING OFF A RED FUSEE IN COMPLIANCE WITH THE RULE.
33. FUSEE BUMING ON TRaCK
SINCE A FUSEE BURNS FOR APPROXIMATELY TEN MINUTES, ADDITIONAL
FUSEES MUST BE DROPPED OFF AT FROM FIVE TO EIGHT MINUTE
INTERVALS.  WATCH THE FUSEE AFTER THROWING IT OFF TO MAKE
SME IT STAYS LIGHTED.
34. FaST TRAIN APPROACHING
THE TRaIN FOLLOWING MaY BE TRAVELLING AT TRACK SPEED, MICH
COULD IN SOME CASES BE 80 MPH.
3 5.  RED FUSEE AS SEM FROM MGINE
BUT REWMMBER RULE 11 STOPS A TRaIN APPROACHING a RED FUSEE,
MD PUTS IT AT RESTRICTED SPEED FOR 2000 YaRDS.  PROCEEDING
AT RESTRICTED SPEED FOR MORE THAN ONE MILE WILL TAKE TIME,
TIME TMT WILL PERMIT THE PROTECTED TRAIN TO GET FURTHER
AHEAD.
36.  SECOND MRAGMPH RULE 99
SECOND PMaGRAPH OF RULE 99 CONTINUES:  WHEN A TRAIN STOPS
"UNDER CIRCUMSTANCES IN MICH IT MAY BE OVERTMEN BY MOTHER
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TRAIN, A FLAGMAN MUST IMMEDIATELY GO BaCK a SUFFICIENT
distance to ensure full protection.
37. mder circmstances
attention is drawn to the words "'mder circumstances in
which it may be overtmen by another train", in both first
and second Paragraphs of rule 99. first paragraph deals
with protection of moving trains, the second paragraph
WITH TRAINS THaT aRE STOPPED.
38. TRAIN CaN BE OVERTMM'
A NUMBER OF THINGS HAVE A BEARING ON THE CIRCUMSTANCES
UNDER WHICH A TRaIN MY BE OVERTAKEN.  TMSE ARE SOME OF
THEM:  WHEN A TRAIN IS MOVING IS THE TRAIN MMING NORMAL
SPEED?  ARE TRaINS OVERDUE IN THE SAME DIRECTION TMT CAN
TRaVEL aT GREATER SPEEDS?  WHEN a TRaIN IS STANDING OR
MOVING:  aRE MRD LIMITS, SMTION LIMITS, OR STATION PROTECTION SIGNALS INVOLVED?  IS FORM "U" TRaIN ORDER, PROVIDING
RELIEF FROM FLaG PROTECTION IN EFFECT?  CONSIDERATION OF
THESE THINGS WILL DETERMINE THE ACTION TMEN, aND A DECISION
MUST BE MADE MOMPTLY.
39. NO DOM GRaDE TOMRD TRAIN
FULL PROTECTION IS ALSO AFFECTED BY PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
OF THE PLACE WHERE STOP IS MADE.  THE CHARACTERISTICS ARE o
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DIVIDED INTO THREE CATEGORIES.  CATEGORY NO: / ONE, IN DAYTIME, AS ILLUSTRATED HERE, IF THERE IS NO DOM MADE TOMRD
TMIN WITHIN ONE MILE OF ITS REAR AND THERE IS A CLEaR VIEW
OF ITS REM OF 2000 YARDS FROM M MPROACHING TRAIN.
40. NO DOM MADE, CLEAR VIEW, FLAGMAN 1000 MRDS
THE FLAGMM WILL GO OUT 1000 YARDS.  IT IS EVIDENT THAT
WITH NO DOWN MaDE WITHIN ONE MIM, MD A CLMR VIEW OF
ITS REAR OF 2000 YARDS, EVERYTHING IS IDEAL.  THE FLAGMAN'S
POSITION IS THEREFORE THE SHORTEST THE RULE WILL PERMIT.
41. DIaGRaM:  AT LEaST 1500 MRDS
Category no: xtwo at other times and places if there is
NO DOWN GRADE TOWARD TRaIN WITHIN ONE MILE OF ITS REM,
AT LEAST 1500 YARDS.  THIS MEMS TMT IF CONDITIONS INTERFERE WITH A CLEAR VIEW OF ITS REAR FROM AN APPROACHING TRAIN
OF 2000 YARDS, AS CURVATURE DOES IN TMS CaSE, THE FLAGMAN'S
POSITION MUST BE AT LEAST 1500 YARDS FROM THE TRaIN, PROVIDING THERE IS NO DOM GRaDE TOWARD TRaIN WITHIN ONE MILE
OF ITS REAR.
42. DIAGRAM:  DOWN GRaDE 2000 YaRDS
CATEGORY NO: 5 THREE IF THERE IS A DOWN MADE TOMRD TRAIN
WITHIN ONE MILE OF ITS REAR, THE DISTANCE IS AT LEAST 2000
YaRDS.  IN OTHER WORDS, NO MATTER HOW FAVOURABLE OTHER
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CONDITIONS MIGHT BE, A DOWN GRaDE aS ILLUSTMTED HERE
REQUIRES THE FMGMaN TO TME UP A POSITION AT MAST
2000 YARDS FROM THE REAR OF HIS TRAIN.
43. FLAGMAN OUT THE REQUIRED DISTaNCE:  DIAMM
LET'S ASSUME THE DISTaNCE THE FLAGMAN WILL GO OUT IN THIS
CASE IS 2000 YaRDS.  RULE 99 CONTINUES:  THE FLAGMAN MUST,
AFTER GOING OUT A SUFFICIENT DISTANCE TO MSURE FULL PROTECTION, TAKE UP A POSITION WHERE THERE WILL BE aN UNOBSTRUCTED VIEW OF HIM FROM AN APPROACHING TRAIN OF, IF POSSIBLE, 500 YaRDS.  THE DIAGRaM ILLUSTRaTES THIS UNOBSTRUCTED
VIEW IS POSSIBLE, MD THE POINT WHERE THE FLaGMN IS STMD-
ING WILL THEREFORE BE THE FLAGGING POSITION.
44. PORTION OF RULE 99 ON PAGE 48
BUT BEFORE TAKING UP THIS POSITION, IT IS IMPORTANT TO
NOTE THE NEXT PORTION OF THE RULE WHICH RMDS:  FIRST
PLACING TORPEDOES NOT MORE THAN 100 NOR LESS TMN 50 YARDS
APART TO CAUSE TWO EXPLOSIONS AT LEAST 200 YARDS BEYOND
SUCH POSITION.
45. THIS IS WHAT FMGMaN HAS DONE
SO NOW, IN COMPLIANCE WITH THE RULE, TORPEDOES ARE PLACED.
THE FIRST SET WILL BE AT LEAST 200 YARDS BEYOND THE FLAGMAN'S POSITION aND THE SECOND SET NOT MORE TMN 100 NOR
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LESS THAN 50 YaRDS BEYOND THE FIRST SET.
46. SUMMaRY OF WHAT MS BEEN DONE
THIS SUMMERIZ.ES MAT HaS BEEN DONE.  NOTICE TM FLAGMAN'S
POSITION AT LEAST 2000 YaRDS FROM THE REAR OF THE TRAIN.
THIS POSITION IS ALSO ONE WHERE aN UNOBSTRUCTED VIEW FROM
AN APPROACHING TRAIN OF 500 YARDS IS POSSIBLE.  THE CLOSEST
SET OF TORPEDOES PS AT LEaST 200 YARDS BEYOND THE FLaGMAN,
MD THE TWO SETS NOT MORE TMN 100 NOR LESS THM 50 YARDS
APART TO CAUSE TWO EXPLOSIONS.
47. QUESTION
THE RULE PROVIDES THAT THE POSITION SELECTED BY THE FLAGMAN
MUST PERMIT AN MOBSTRUCTED VIE!/ FROM M APPROACHING TRaIN
OF, IF POSSIBLE, 500 YaRDS.  IN TERRITORY MERE THIS CLEM
VIEW MAY NOT BE POSSIBLE, HOW SHOULD THS FLAGMAN BE GOVEMED?
48. FMGMaN WITHOUT CMAR VIEW
THIS ILLUSTRATION SHOWS THE FLAMaN, HaVING RMCHED THE
2000 YARD POSITION FROM THE REAR OF HIS TMIN, DOES NOT
HAM THE NECESSARY CLEaR VIEW. EE  MUST NOT RETRACE HIS
STEPS OR HE WILL BE LESS THAN 2000 YARDS FROM HIS TRAIN,
80 HE MUST GO OUT BEYOND THE REQUIRED DISTMCE.
49. RULE QUOTE:  IF NECESSARY TO GO BEYOND
HE IS NOW GOVEMED BY THE RULE MICH READS:  IF NECESSARY
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TO GO BEYOND THE REQUIRED DISTANCE, HE WILL LEAVE THE
TORPEDOES AT THE REQUIRED DISTMCE AS AN INDICATION OF THE
LOCATION OF HIS TRAIN.
50. PMCING TORPEDOES AT THE REQUIRED DISTaNCE
SO BECAUSE HE WELL GO OUT FURTHER HE MUST PLACE TORPEDOES
AT THE REQUIRED DISTMCE AS ILLUSTRATED HERE.
51. QUESTION
THE TORPEDOES PLACED AT THE REQUIRED DISTaNCE DO NOT APPEM
TO BE PLACED AT LEAST 200 YARDS BEYOND IT, AS IS THE CASE
WHEN THE FLAGGING DISTANCE IS SELECTED UNDER NORMAL CONDITIONS.  WHY IS THIS?
52. PLACING TORPEDOES AT THE REQUIRED DISTaNCE (REPEaT)
BECAUSE THE RULE STIPULATES THESE TORPEDOES MUST BE PLACED
AT THE REQUIRED DISTMCE, NOT BEYOND IT.  IT WILL BE REMEMBERED THE TRaIN WILL NOT BE FLAGGED AT MIS POINT, AND
THERE IS NO PRACTICAL REASON WHY TORPEDOES SHOULD BE 200
YARDS FROM IT.  THEIR PUMOSE IS MERELY TO INDICATE THE
LOCATION OF THE TRaIN BEING PROTECTED.
53. CLEaR VIEW OF 500 YaRDS
HERE THE FLAGMAN MS MOCEEDED aROUND THE CMVE MERE M
UNOBSTRUCTED VIEW FROM AN APPROACHING TRAIN OF 500 YARDS
CAN BE OBMINED.
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54. RULE QUOTE. MD MUST UNDER SUCH CONDITIONS
HE IS NOW GOVERNED BY THE RULE WHICH CONTINUES: "BUT MUST,
UNDER SUCH CONDITIONS ALSO PLaCE TORPEDOES AT THE POINT
aT MICH aN APPROACHING TRAIN IS FLAGGEDV
55. THIS IS WHAT FMGMAN HAS DONE
HERE THE SECOND SET OF TORPEDOES IS SO PLACED MD THE FLAG-
MaN MS TAKEN UP HIS POSITION AT THE POINT AT WHICH THE
APPROACHING TRaIN WILL BE FMGGED.  THIS PICTURE SUMMERIZES
THE LOCATION OF TORPEDOES AND THE FMGMAN IN REMTION TO
THE MaIN BEING PROTECTED.
56. QUESTION
IF AFTER GOING AROUND THE CURVE, AS MS JUST BEEN ILLUSTRATED,
THE FLaGMAN IS STILL NOT SATISFIED AN APPROACHING TRaIN
CAN SEE HIM FOR 500 YaRDS, WHAT SHOULD BE DONE?
57. CONTINUOUS CURVaTURE
CONTINUOUS CURVATURE WILL COMPLICATE MATTERS, BUT TM RULE
PEWRMITS SOME LEEWAY. BECAUSE IT REaDS: a CLEMS VIEW OF, IF
POSSIBLE, 500 MRDS.  THIS IS INTMPRETED TO MEAN THAT IF
AFTER PROCEEDING BEYOND THE REQUIRED DISTaNCE, a 500 YMD
CLEaR VIEW I NOT POSSIBLE, THE FLAGMAN WILL DO THE BEST
HE CAN, BUT MAY MVE TO SETTLE FOR SOMETHING LESS THAN THE
PRESCRIBED 500 YARDS.  THE EXTRA TORPEDOES AT THE REQUIRED
DISTMCE PROVIDE ADDITIONAL INFORMATION TMT IS USED TO
GOOD ADVANTAGE IN THESE CIRCUMSTANCES.
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58. MGE WITH THIRD PORTION OF RULE 99	
THE THIRD PORTION OF RULE 99 PROVIDES FOR WHISTLING OUT a
FLaMAN, ALSO WHAT IS REQUIRED WHEN EE  IS RECALLED.  SINCE
IT IS APPROPRIATE THAT RETURN OF THE FLaGMAN BE DEALT WITH
NOW, LET'S BY-PaSS THE SECOND PORTION FOR THE PRESENT,
59. OUTSIDE AND WITHIN ABS* FIRST PARAGRAPH
THE THIRD PART OF RULE 99 APPLIES BOTH OUTSIDE MD WITHIN
ABS TERRITORY AND IT READS:  WHEN A TMIN STOPS UNDER CIRCUMSTANCES IN WHICH IT MAY BE OVERTMEN BY MOTHER TRAIN,
THE MGIMMM WILL IMMEDIATELY SIGNAL THE FLAGMM TO MOTECT
THE REaR.  MEN REaDY TO PROCEED HE MLL RECALL THE FMGMM.
60. ENGINEMAN SOUNDING /HUSTLE
D
THE SIGNAL WHICH CONVEYS TO THE FMGMM TMT THE REAR OF
THE TRAIN REQUIRES PROTECTION IS DESCRIBED IN RULE 14C
AS ONE LONG MD THREE SHORT BLASTS ON THE ENGINE WHISTLE.
IT WOULD SOUND LIKE THIS...(ONE LONG THREE SHORT WHISTLES).
61.  QUESTION
RULE 99 FOR OUTSIDE ABS TERRITORY REQUIRES IN THESE CIRCUMSTANCES THaT a FMGMM MUST IMMEDIATELY GO BaCK A SUFFICIENT DISTANCE TO ENSURE FULL PROTECTION.  MY WOULD THE
ENGINEMAN ALSO HAVE TO SIGNAL THE FLAGMM TO PROTECT THE
REAR?
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62. engine sounding two long whistles
in the Majority of cases the crew on the mgim will be
aMRE of the reason for stopping, but the crew on the rear
WILL NOT.  MOMENTARY STOPS DO NOT NORMaLLY REMISE PROTEC-
TION OP A FLaGMAN.  IN THE ILLUSTRATION SHOWN, THE STOP
IS ONLY A MOMENTARY ONE AT A RED FUSEE, AND THE MGINEMN,
IN COMPLIANCE WITH RULE 84, GIVES TV/O LONG MISTLE BMSTS
INDICATING HE Y/ILL PROCEED IMMEDIATELY.  (TWO MISTMS ADDED)
63.  QUESTION
IN THE EVENT THE CONDUCTOR MPLIED THE AIR FROM THE CABOOSE,
AND THE CREW ON THE ENGINE MS NOT AWARE OF THE EMSON THE
AIR WENT INTO EMERGENCY, HOW SOON AFTM THE TRaIN STOPS
WOULD THE ENGINEMAN WHISTLE OUT A FLaGMAN?
6^»  WHISTLING OUT FMGMM
THIS MUM BE WHAT IS TERMED M UNDESIRED EMMGENCY, MD
THE ENGINEMaN 'WOULD IMMEDIATELY SIGML THE FMGMaN TO
PROTECT THE REAR, AS ILLUSTRATED HERE.  THE SME MDESIRED
EMERGENCY CAN RESULT FROM A DERAILMENT, A BROKEN TMIN
LINE OR OTHER CAUSES, MD THE ENGINEMaN IS NOT AWME OF
THE REASON FOR THE STOP.
65.  QUESTION
IF  THE ENGINEMAN SOMDED MISTLE SIGNAL  14C  TO  HaVE FLAGMAN - 18 -
PROTECT REAR OF TRAIN, THM, ALMOST IMMEDIATELY RECALMD
HIM, COULD THE FLAGMAN RETURN TO HIS TRaIN OR WOULD HE
CONTINUE TO MLK OUT THE FULL FMGGING DISTANCE?
66 o  FLaGMAN PaRT WAY OUT
IT IS IMPORTANT TO REMEMBER THaT ONCE THE FLAGMAN COMMENCES
HIS WALK TO THE REAR, EVEN THOUGH HE MAY BE RECALLED, HE
MUST NEVER RETURN UNTIL HE HAS GONE THE REQUIRED DISTANCE,
AND PLACE TORPEDOES AS HE WOULD NORMALLY DO.
67-  QUESTION
DURING THE TIME A ELAGMAEf IS WALKING BaCK TO TME UP HIS
POSITION OUTSIDE ABS TERRITORY, THERE ARE NO TORPEDOES IN
PLaCE TO ALERT THE CREW OF A FOLLOWING TRAIN, AND THIS
TRaIN WILL BE MOVING IN THE OPPOSITE DIRECTION IN MICH
THE FLAGMAN IS WALKING.  IS THIS NOT A DIFFICULT SITUATION
FOR THE FLAMAN?
68.  FUSEES PREVIOUSLY DROPPED
NOT AS DIFFICULT AS IT SOUNDS, PROVIDED LIGHTED FUSEES
MVE BEEN DROPPED OFF FROM THE REAR OF THE TRaIN WHEN IT
FIRST SLOWED DOWN, aS REQUIRED BY FIRST PARAGRAPH OF THE
OUTSIDE ABS PORTION OF THE RULE.  IN THE DJAGRAM SHOM,
RED FUSEES MVE BEEN DROPPED OFF IN TWO PLACES.  THESE
FUSEES BURN FOR APPROXIMATELY TEN MINUTES.  EACH REQUIRES
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a STOP, THEN RESTRICTED SPEED.  ALL THIS MLL TME TIME,
SLOW THE TRAIN DOM, .AND PERMIT THE FLAGMAN TO STOP THE
TRAIN UNDER REASONABLE CONDITIONS.
69.  REMAIN UNTIL RECALLED OR RELIEVED
RULE 99 CONTINUES:  aFTER TAKING UP POSITION AT THE DISTMCE
REQUIRED, FLaMAN MUST REMAIN aT THaT POINT UNTIL RECALLED
OR RELIEVED, MD THE SAFETY OF THE TRAIN WILL PEMIT.
HERE THE FLaGMAN, HAVING FIRST PLACED TORPEDOES, WILL REMAIN
IN THIS POSITION.
7°.  TRaIN aPPROaCHING TORPEDOES & FMGMN
THE RULE ALSO REQUIRES THAT THE FLAGMAN MUST ALMY3 ON THE
APPROACH OP A TRaIN DISPLAY STOP SIGNALS.  HERE THE FLAG-MAN DISPLAYS HIS RED FLaG aS SOON AS THE TRAIN COMES INTO
VIEW.
71. QUESTION
THE 200 YdWD DISTaNCE BETWEEN THE TORPEDOES MD WHERE TM
FLAGMAN IS STANDING DOES NOT APPEAR TO LEAVE MUCH ROOM FOR
LONG TRaINS ON FaST TRaCK TO M.ME a NORMAL STOP AT THE
FLAGMAN.  IS IT PERMISSIBLE TO STRETCH THIS DISTaNCE WHERE
CONDITIONS SEEM TO WARRANT?
72. FLAGMM STANDING MORE THAN 200 YARDS FROM TORPEDOES
MS.  THE RULE READS:  "AT LEAST 200 YARDS", MICH PERMITS
O - 20 -
THE FLAGMAN TO PLaCE TORPEDOES AS ILLUSTMTED ON THE SCREEN,
REMEMBER aLSO, THE FLAGMAN'S POSITION IS PRE-DETMMINED
ON THE BASIS OF AN UNOBSTRUCTED VIEW OF HIM OF 500 YARDS
FROM AN APPROACHING TMIN.  STOP SIMALS DISPLAYED 'MM
THE TRaIN FIRST COMES IN VIEW WILL BE aCTED UPON, AND PRELIMINARY ACTION TAKEN TO STOP THE TRaIN LONG BEFORE THE
TORPEDOES aRE EXPLODED.
73.  PLEASE CHANGE RECORD
NO COMMENT.
o
o D
D
- 21  -
74. FMGMAN RECALMD
RULE 99 CONTINUES: IF RECALLED BEFORE ANOTHER TRAIN MRIVES,
HE MUST LEAVE A FUSEE BURNING RED AT THE POINT FROM MICH
HE RETURNS.  HERE THE FLAGMAN, AFTER PLACING A RED FUSEE,
COMMENCES HIS RETMN WAM TO HIS TRaIN.  IT WIM ALSO BE
RECALMD THE TOMEDOES PMCED AS REQUIRED IN THIS RUM MST
NOT BE REMOVED.
75. MESTION
HOW DOES AN ENGINEMAN RECALL A FMGMAN?
76. PaGE CONTAINING RULE 14
BY SOUNDS ON THE ENGINE WHISTLE, DETAILS OF WHICH ARE GIMN
IN RULE 14.  LET'S LOOK aT THE NOTE THaT INTRODUCES RUM 14.
IT READS: "ENGINE WHISTLE SIGNALS MST BE SOUNDED aS PBE-
SCRIBED BY THIS RULE.  THE SIGNaLS ARE ILLUSTRATED BY "0"
FOR SHORT SOUNDS, "A" FOR LONGER SOUNDS.  EACH SOUND OF THE
WHISTLE SHOULD BE DISTINCT, WITH INTENSITY AND DMaTION
PROPORTIONATE TO THE DISTaNCE SIGNaL IS TO BE CONVEYED."
77. RUM 14, PAR, (d)
WHISTLE SIGNaL 14(d), FOUR LONGS, SINGLE OR TWO TRaCKS,
FMGMaN MAY RETURN FROM WEST OR SOUTH.  MORE THAN TWO TRACKS
FLAGMAN FOR TRaCK NO. 2 MAY RETURN.
o Q
78. DIAGRAM, FOUR LONG, DIFFERENT KINDS OF TRACKS
IN OTHM WORDS, IF IT IS DESIMD TO RECaLL THE FMGMN IN
SINGM OR TWO TRaCKS FROM THE WEST, OR IN SINGLE OR TWO
TRACKS FROM TM' SOUTH, OR IF IN MORE THAN TWO TRaCK TEMITORY
FLAGMAN FOR TRaCK NO. 2 IS TO RETURN, FOUR LONG WHISTLES WOULD
BE SOUNDED, AS FOLLOWS* (FOUR LONG WHISTLES)
79. RULE 14, PaR. (da)
V/HISTM SIGML 14 (da): FOUR LONGS aND a SHORT: MORE TMN TWO
TRaCKS, FLAGMAN FOR TRaCK NO. 4 MAY RETURN.
80. DIAGRAM: 4 LONG 1 SHORT MORE THaN TWO TRaCKS
IF IN MORE TMN TWO TRaCK TERRITORY aND IT WAS NECESSaRY TO
RECALL THE FLAGMAN FROM TRaCK NO. 4, FOUR LONGS aND 1 SHORT
WHISTLE WOULD BE SOUNDED. (FOUR LONG, ONE SHORT WHISTM)
81. RUM 14, PM. (e)
MISTM SIGNAL 14(e), FIM LONGS, SINGLE OR TWO TRACKS,
FMGMaN MaY RETURN FROM EaST OR NORTH. MORE THAN TWO TR.TOKS,
FLaGMAN FOR TRaCK NO. 1 MY RETURN.
82. DIaGRaM, FIVE LONG, DIFFERENT KINDS OF TRaCKS
IF FLAGMAN IN SINGM OR TWO TRaCKS WAS TO RETURN FROM THE
EaST, OR IN SINGLE OR TWO TRACKS FROM THE NORTH, OR IF IN
MORE THAN TWO TRaCK TERRITORY FLAGMAN FOR TMCK NO. 1 MS
BEING RECALLED, FIM LONG WHISTLES WOULD BE SOUNDED. (FIVE
LONG MISTLES)
o
o o
0
- 23 -
83. MM 14, PAR, (ea)
WHISTLE SIGNaL 14 (ea): FIVE LONGS AND ONE SHORT, MORE THAN
TWO TRaCKS, FLAGMAN FOR TRaCK NO. 3 MY RETMN.
8^- DIAGRAM, MORE THAN TWO TRaCKS, FIM LONGS ONE SHOM
IF IN MORE THAN TWO TRaCK TEMITOM, MD IT MS DESIRED TO
RECaLL THE FLAGMAN FOR TRaCK NO. 3, FIVE LONG AND ONE SHORT
WHISTLES WOULD BE SOUNDED. (FIVE LONG ONE SHORT MISTLES)
85. NOTE FOLLOWING PAR, (ea)
ATTENTION IS DRAWN TO THE NOTE FOLLOWING PaMGRMH (ea),
WHICH REMINDS US THaT: AT JUNCTIONS OR OTHER POINTS AT WHICH
SIGNaLS 14 (d) , (da), (e) OR (ea) MaY aPMY TO FLaGMAN OF
MORA THAN ONE TRaIN, CME MUST BE EXERCISED TO ENSURE RETURN
ONLY OF THE FLaGMAN FOR WHICH S1GML INTENDaD.
86. NOTE FOLLOWING PAH, (ea), MROW POINTING TO ASTERISK
THE ASTERISK INDICATED BY ARROW MPEMED AT THE CONCMSION OF
EACH PARAGRAPH.  IT MEANS SIMPM THAT THE WHISTMS IN THIS
PORTION OF RUM 14 ARE THOSE PRESCRIBED BY RUM 99.
87. FUSEES BURNING RED AT REaR
MLE 99 CONTINUES: aND WHILE RETURNING TO HIS TRaIN A FUSEE
BURNING RED MST BE PMGED AT SUCH POINTS OR TIMES AS MaY BE
NECESSARY TO ENSURE FULL PROTECTION.  A FUSEE BURNING RED
MUST BE LEFT AT THE POINT FROM WHICH THE TRAIN MOVES.  HERE o
- 24 -
THE FLMMAN HaS COMPLIED WITH THE RULE, AND IS PMCING THE
RED FUSEE AT THE POIM FROM WHICH THE TRaIN WILL MOVE.
88. FOLLOWING TRaIN CLOSES UP
IF THE FOLLOWING TRaIN CLOSES UP WITHIN EIGHT TO TEN MINUTES
aFTM THE PROTECTED TRaIN HAS LEFT, THE PICTURE SHOWS THE
SIGMLS THe FOLLOWING TRaIN WILL ENCOUNTM.  FIRST, TWO SETS
OF TORPEDOES WILL BE EMLODED PUTTING THE TRaIN aT RESTRICTED
SPEED FOR 2000 YARDS.  THE FIRST TWO FUSEES SHOWN MAY HAVE
BURNED OUT BY THE TIME THE FOLLOWING TRaIN ARRIVES, BUT THE
TWO PLACED MST WILL LIKEM BE  BURNING, IF THE TRaIN MEAD
HaS NOT PROCEEDED FURTHER THAN SHOWN HERE.
89. MESTION
IF  THE FMGMaN WAS  OUT  2000 YMDS  WHEN RECALMD,   HOW MANY
FUSEaS   WOULD HE NEED TO PMCE WHIM RETURNING TO  HIS TRaIN TO
ENSURE FULL PROTECTION?
90. NUMBER OF FUSEES
VISIBILITY IN THE MEA WILL MVE a BEaRING ON HOW THIS QTJES-
TION SHOULD BE ANSWERED.  THE RED FUSEE aT THa POINT FROM
WHICH THE FMGMAN RaTURNS, AND OM AT THE POINT FROM WHICH
THE TRaIN MOVAS ARE MANDATORY IN ALL CaSES.  REMEMBER, A
FUSEE BURNS FOR APPROXIMATELY TEN MIMTES AND AT LEAST OM
SHOULD BE BURNING AT aLL TIMES UNTIL THE FMGMAN REaCHES THE - 25 -
J
REAR OF HIS TRaIN.  THIS 'WOULD REQUIRE OM FUSEE TO BE PMCED
ABOUT EVERY EIGHT MIMTES AND IF THE FLAGMAN'S POSITION WAS
aT MaST 2000 YARDS FROM HIS TRaIN, a MINIMUM OF TWO FUSEES
AS ILLUSTRATED BY NOS. 1 aND 2 ON THIS DIAGRAM WOULD ALSO BE
REQUIRED.
91. TRaIN APPROACHING FMGMaN
NOW LET'S RETURN TO A FLAGGING SITUATION AND BRING A TRaIN IN
UNDER NORMAL CONDITIONS.  THE TRaIN HaS EXPLODED TORPEDOES,
WHISTLED ACKNOWLEDGEMENT OF THE FMGMAN«S STOP SIGNaLS, aND
IS COMING TO a STOP. THE FLaGMAN WILL INFORM THE ENGINEMaN
THE REaSONS FOR THE PROTECTION, AND CAN THEN ACCOMPANY THE
ENGINE OF THE FOLLOWING TRAIN aS IT CLOSES UP ON THE REM OF
THE PROTECTED TRAIN,
92. QMST1CN
THE RULE PROVIDES FOR THE FLAGMAN TO REMAIN UNTIL RECALLED OR
RELIEVED.  THE FLAGMAN HaS NOT BEeN RECaLLED.  HOW CAN HE CON-
SLDER HIMSELF RELIEVED WHEN HE LEaVES BEFORE MOTHER FMGMaN
TAKES HIS PLaCE?
93. FLAGMaN climbing on engim
IN THE CIRCUMSTaNCES ILLUSTRATED, THE FOLLOWING TRaIN NOW MS
TM RASPONSIBILITY OF PROTECTING ITS OWN REAR.  THE FMGMN
BOARDING TEA ENGINE FULFILLED HIS PART OF THE OPERATION WHEN
o o
-26-
EE  GOT THE NEXT TRaIN BEHIND STOPPED 1AE)  GAVE IT THE NECES-
SMY INFORMATION.  HE HaS THEREFCM, IN THE ACCEPTED SENSE,
BEEN RELIEVED, AND CERTaINM THE SaFETY OF HIS TRaIN WOULD
PERMIT THE FLAGMaN TO RIDE THE ENGINE OF THE FOLLOWING TRaIN
aS IT CLOSES UP ON THE TMIN AHEAD.
94. SNOW PLOW
THE RULE CONTINUES:   MEN CMVATURE,   WEATHER OR OTHER CONDITIONS
REQUIRE,   OR  MSN   SNOW PLOWS  OR FMNGERS  ARE RUMING,   EXTRA
PRECaUTION MUST  BE TaKEN.
95. STOP BETWEEN STATIONS
THE RULE ALSO PROVIDES THaT a TRaIN SHOULD NOT STOP BETWEEN
STATIONS AT a PMCE WMRE THE VIM FROM FOLLOWING TRaINS IS
OBSTRUCTED IF IT CAN BE AVOIDED.  THE FOLLOWING-TMIN IN THIS
DIAGRAM WOULD MVE A VMY RESTRICTED VIEW OF THE REM OF THE
TRaIN AHEAD.
96. TRaIN ON STRaIGHT TRaCK
THE INTMT OF THE RULE IS THAT WHERE THE CREW HAS CONTROL OF
THE SITUATION, THE STOP SHOULD BE MDE WHERE THE VIEW FROM THE
REM IS SIMILAR TO THaT ILLUSTRATED IN THIS DIAGRAM.
97. CONDUCTOR AND ENGIMMN
RULE 99 ALSO PROVIDES CONDUCTORS AND ENGINEMEN ME RESPONSIBLE
FOR TEE PROTECTION OF THEIR TRaINS.  THIS IS A GENERAL
o - 27 -
STATEMENT, AND PERHMS CM BEST BE CLaRIFIED LIKE THIS: THE
CONDUCTOR IS RESPONSIBM TO SEE THaT PROPER ACTION IS TAKEN
WHEN HIS TRaIN MaY BE OVERTAKEN BY A FOLLOWING TRaIN. THE
ENGINEMAN MUST ACCEPT RESPONSIBILITY FOR. PROPER aCTION MM
MCESSaRY TO PROVIDE FMG PROTECTION AGAINST aN OPPOSING TRAIN,
THIS DOES NOT HOWEVER EXCUSE OTHER MEMBERS OF THE CREW" FROM
ASSUMING THEIR RESPONSIBILITY UNDM TM RULES.
98. INSIDE ABS TERRITORY
UP TO THIS POINT WE HAVE DEALT WITH RUM 99 S3 IT APPLIES
WITHOUT THE HEM OF aUTOMaTIC BLOCK SIGML RULES.  WHERE aBS
RULES ,E^E  EFFECTIVE, IMPORTANT MODIFICATIONS aRE PROVIDED.
LET'S DEAL WITH THE RULE AS IT MPLIES WITHIN ABS TERRITORY.
99. RUM 99 WITHIN aBS TMRITORY
IT READS: WHEN a TRaIN STOPS UNDER CIRCUMSTANCES IN WHICH IT
MaY BE OVERTaKEN BY ANOTHER TMIN, WITH THE PROTECTION OF AT
LEaST TWO BLOCK SIGNaLS TO THE REAR, PROTECTION AGAINST FOLLOWING TRaINS WILL HAVE BaEN AFFORDED WHEN FMGMaN HaS TaMN M A
POSITION ON THE GROUND aT A POINT FROM WHICH STOP SIGNALS CM
M PLaINLY SEEN BY aN aPPROaCHING TRaIN FROM A DISTANCE OF AT
LEAST 300 YaRDS FROM THE TRaIN BEING PROTECTED.  FIRST, IT
SHOULD BE EMPHaSISED THaT THIS PORTION OF THE MM IS NOT
EFPeCTIVE UNLESS THE TRaIN HaS THE PROTECTION OF aT MaST TV/0 - 28 -
BLOCK SIGNAM TO ITS REM.
100. THREE BLOCK SIGNALS AND TRaIN
THE MOST SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCE IN PROTECTION PROCEDURES IN
ABS TERRITORY AS COMPaRED TO NON aBS IS THE ELIMINaTION OF
ALL DISTANCES EXCEPT THE 300 YARDS, AND THE FACT THAT THE USE
OF TORPEDOES IS DISPENSED WITH.  IN THE ILLUSTRATION SHOWN,
THE STOP AND PROCEED SIGML BEHIND THE TRAIN PMCES A FOLLOWING MOVEMENT AT RESTRICTED SPEED. ; THIS SPEED IS ADDED PROTECTION PROVIDED BY ABS FACILITIES, MD MODIFIES IN IMPORTANT
RESPECTS THE DISTaNCE a FMGMaN MUST BE FROM THE REAR OF HIS
TRaIN TO ENSURE FULL PROTECTION.
101. MESTION
DOES THIS RUM MEAN THaT THE FLAGMAN MUST ALWAYS BE AT LMST
300 YaRDS FROM THE TRaIN HE IS PROTECTING?
102. DIRGRM OF FLAGMaN NaXT TO CaBOOSE
NO. THE INTENT OF THE RULE IS THaT A FLAGMAN'S -STOP SIGNALS
MUST BE SEEN FROM THE FOLLOWING TRaIN MEN THE DISTaNCE BET-
MEN THE FOLLOWING TRaIN AND THE TRaIN BEING PROTECTED IS AT
MaST 300 YARDS. THIS DIAGRaM ILLUSTRATES THE REQUIREMENTS,
AND THE FLAGMN CaN PROVIDE ADEQUATE PROTeCTION FROM THE
POSITION SHOWN.
D o
- 29 -
103. DIAGRAM OF FMGMM' OUT 150 YaRDS
IN THIS CaSE BECaUSE OP CURVATURE A CLEaR VIEW OF 300 YMDS
IS NOT POeSIBM, SO THE FMGMAN WALKS BaCK.  WHEN HE REACHES
a POIM WHERE THE DISTaNCE FROM THE REM OF HIS TRaIN, PMS
THE DISTaNCE HIS STOP SIGNaLS CAN BE SEEN FROM TM MPROACHING TRAIN TOTALS 300 YaRDS, HE MaY TAKE UP HIS POSITION.
THIS BLLUSTRaTES HOW" DISTANCES MAY BA COMBINED TO MEET RULE
REQUIREMENTS.
104. QUESTION
wIIERE THE IMSR OF THE PROTECTED TRAIN IS NOT FM BEYOND A
SIGNaL, THE FLAGMAN!S POSITION COULD BE IN TERRITORY WHERE
a FOLLOWING TRaIN CAN BE MOVING AT MEDIUM SPEED.  WHEM TORPEDOES MS NOT USED, HOW OaN THESE SHORT DISTANCES ENSURE
FULL PROTECTION?
105. FLMMN OUT 150 YaRDS, SIGNaLS aDDED
TO CMRIPY THIS POINT, .ANOTHER SIGML HAS BEEN ADDED TO THE
DMGRaM.  THE FOLLOWING TRaIN IN THE ILLUSTRATION SHOM WOULD
ENTER THE BLOCK IT IS NOV/ MOVING THROUGH ON THE AUTHORITY OF
AN MPROACH SIGNAL.
106. RUM 285 MP REMIREMENTS.
IT IS THEREFORE GOVERNED BY RULE 285 WHICH READS: "PROCEED,
PREPARING TO STOP AT NEXT SIGNaL.  TRAINS EXCEEDING MEDIUM
o o
- 30 -
SPEED MUST AT ONCE REDUCE TO THaT SPEaD.  REDUCTION TO MEDIUM
SPEED MST COMMENCE BEFORE PASSING SIGML" .
107. REPEaT DIAGRAM FLAGMAN OUT 150 YaRDS, SIGMLS ADDED
IT WILL BA SEEN THaT aPaRT FROM THE SPEED PRESCRIBED, IT IS
MOST IMPORTaNT THaT IT STOP AT TM MXT SIGNM, WHICH IN THIS
CaSE IS A SHuRT DISTaNCE BEHIND THE TRaIN BEING PROTECTED.
aFTER THIS STOP IT MAY PROCEED AT RESTRICTED SPEED, AND THE
RULAS RECOGNIZE RESTRICTED SPEED ADEQUATE TO PROTECT MANY
WEAN TRaCK SUMMONS.  THE RULE THEREFORE ENSURES THE NECESSARY PROTACTION.  EVEN THOUGH POOR VISIBILITY MAY OBSCURE
THE FMGMaN MD HIS STOP SIGNALS, ABS RULES WILL STIM PROTECT THE TR.WIN.
108. QUESTION
THEN NO MATTM HOW POOR VISIBILITY IS, THE MLE WOULD NEVER
REQUIRE A FLAGMAN TO GO OUT FARTHER THaN 300 YMDS.  IS THIS
CORRECT?
109. DIMRaM: FLAGMAN OUT 500 YaRDS
YES IT IS.  NO MATTER HOW SILPRP THE CURVATME NOR HOW SEVERE
THE STORM wHEN THE FOLLOWING TMIN STOPS AT THE FLAGMAN SHOWN
HARE, IT WILL BE AWARE OP THE OBSTRUCTION WHEN IT IS 300
YaRDS FROM IT.  THIS IS THE GREATEST DISTaNCE DEMANDED BY
THE RUM. J
o
-  31 -
no. second Paragraph within abs
THE SECOND PARAGRAPH OF THIS PORTION OF RUM 99 READS: WHEN
NECSSSMY TO PROTECT aGaINST TRaINS MOVING IN THE OPPOSITE
DIRaCTION, FMG PROTeCTIUN PRESCRIBED FOR OUTSIDE aBS TMRI-
TORY MST BE PROVIDED, EXCEPT THaT ON SINGM TRaCK WHERE
THERE ME aT LEAST TWO BLOCK SIGNaLS TO THE FROM GOVERNING
OPPOSING TRaINS, PROTECTION WILL H..2VE BEEN AFFORDED-A STANDING TRaIN WHEN FLAGMAN HaS TMEN UP a POSITION ON THE GROUND
aT a POINT FROM ..HIGH STOP SIGNaLS CAN BE PMINLY SEEN BY AN
MPROACHING TRaIN FROM A DISTaNCE OF aT LEaST 300 YARDS FROM
THE TRaIN BEING PROTECTED.
FIRST PARAGRAPH OF THIS PORTION OF RULE 99 CONCERNS ITSELF
WITH PROTECTION AGaINST TRaINS APPROACHING FROM THE REM.
THIS PARAGRAPH ONLY PRESCRIBES PROTECTION AGAINST TRaINS
MOVING IN THE OPPOSITE DIRECTION.
111• LOCaTION OF SIGNALS SINGLE TRaCK
THE RULE RECOGNIZES A DIFFERENT SET OF CIRCUMSTANCES SURROUND
OMOSING MOVEMNTS BECAUSE IT REQUIRES PROTECTION AS PRESCRIBED FOR OUTSIDE ABS TERRITORY IN ALL CASES WITH ONE EXCEPTION.  THaT EXCEPTION STIPULATES TWO THINGS: FIRST, THaT
THE PROTECTED TRaIN MUST BE IN SINGM TMCK .HERE THERE ARE
0 D
- 32 -
AT LEAST TWO BLOCK SIGNaLS TO THE FRONT GOVERNING OPPOSING
TRaINS, as SIGMLS 1 aND 2 DO IN THE ILLUSTRATION ON THE
SCREEN, AND SECOND, THaT THE PROTaCTED TRaIN CAN ONLY MPM
MODIFIED PROTECTION WHEN IT IS STANDING.
112. TwO TRaCKS WITH QMOSING MOVEMENT
IN EFFECT, WMT THE RULE IS GMRDING AGAINST IS ANY MODIFICATION IN ABS TERRITORY WHERE A FLAGMEN DOES NOT HaVE AT
LEAST MO BLOCK SIGMLS TO aSSIST HIM GETTING THE OPPOSING
TRaIN STOPPED.  IN TWO TRaCK SITUATIONS SIGNALS ONLY GOVERN
TRaINS MOVING WITH THE CURRENT OF TRAFFIC*  IN THE ILLUS-
TRaTION SHOWN, THE TRaIN AT THE BOTTOM IS GOVERNED BY SIGNALS
BUT THE TRaIN ABOVE IS MOVING AGAINST THE CUMENT OF TMFFIC
.HERE THERE ARE NO SIGMLS TO GOVERN.  IN THESE CIRCUMSTANCES
IF THE TRaIN BELOW FOR ANT REASON HAD TO GET THE OPPOSING
TRaIN STOPPED, a FULL FLaG FOR OUTSIDE ABS TERRITORY 'WOULD
BE REM MED.
113. MESTION
IF FORM R TRaIN ORDER RULES, RAVING TO DO ./ITH MOVEMENTS
AGAINST THE CURRENT OF TRAFFIC, ARE FOLLOMD, HOW COULD TWO
TRaINS FIND THEMSELVES IN THE POSITIONS SHOWN IN THE
PREVIOUS ILLUSTRATION?
o o
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- 33 -
114. TWO TRaCKS: FORM H
THE TRaIN BELOW COULD BE a WORK EXTRa HOLDING FORM R TMIN
ORDER, AS WELL aS EXAMPLE 7 OP FORM H WORK ORDERS, AND NOT
BE ABLE TO CLEAR THE TRaIN RUNNING AGAINST THE CURRENT OF
TRaFPIC BECMSE OF MCMNICaL FaIMRE.
115. BOTH OUTSIDE AND WITHIN aBS TMRITORY
THE PORTION OF THE RULE THAT APPLIED BOTH OUTSIDE MD WITHIN
aBS TERRITORY WaS COVeRED IN DETaIL WHEN PROTECTION FOR OUTSIDE aBS TERRITORY wAS DEaLT WITH.  LET'S BRIEFLY REVIEW
THIS PORTION AS a REMINDM THaT THE REQUIREMENTS ALSO aPPM
WITHIN ABS;.
116. ENGINEMaN WHISTLING FLaGMAN OUT
FIRST, THE ENGINEMAN SIGMLS THE FMGMaN TO PROTECT THE REAR,
AND WHEN RAaDY TO PROCEED HE EECaLLS THE FMGMN.
117 „ FMGMaN OUT 500 YaRDS
SECOND, AFTER FLaGMaN HAS TAKEN UP HIS POSITION, HE M3T
REMAIN AT THaT POINT UNTIL RECALLED OR RELIEVED, OR THE
SAFETY OF THE TRaIN WILL PERMIT.  FMGMaN MUST aLv/aYS ON THE
APPROACH OF a TPu'WIN DISPLAY STOP SIGMLS.
118.  FUSEES aT POINT OF RETURN aND REM OF TRaIN
THIRD, IF RECaLLED FLaGMAN MUST LEAVE A FUSM BURNING RED aT
THE POINT FROM WHICH HE RETURNS, ALSO aT THE POINT FROM WHICH D
O
o
- 34 -
THE TRaIN MOVES.  THESE TWO FUSEES ME MNMTOM NO MATTER
HOW FM OM THE FLAGMAN GOES, MT THE FLAGMAN MST aLSO wHILE
RETURNING TO HIS TRaIN PLaCE A FUSEE BURNING RED AT SUCH .
POINTS OR TIMES as MM BE NEGESSMY TO EMURE FULL PROTECTION.
119. QUESTION
WITHIN ABS TEMITORY WHERE THE FLAGMAN'S POSITION WILL NEVER
BE MORE THAN 300 YARDS FROM HIS TRaIN, WOULD FUSEES IN ADDITION TO THE TWO THM aRE MANDATORY BE REQUIRED?
120. REPEAT FUSEa aT POINT OF RETURN AND REAR OF TMIN.
FUSEES PLACED AS ILLUSTRATED SHOULD ENSURE FULL PROTECTION
IN ALL NORMAL CaSES.
121. QUESTION
WHERE CONDITIONS aRE SUCH THaT THE FLAGMAN'S POSITION IS
STANDING AT THE MM OF THE TRaIN, HOW MAVY FUSEES WOULD BE '
REQUIRED?
122. DIaGRaM: TRMNMN MAINE TORPEDOES AT REM OF TRaIN
IN THE ILLUSTRATION SHOM, THE POINT FROM WHICH TM FMGMaN
WILL RETURN IS ESSENTIALLY THE SAME AS TM POINT FROM WHICH
THE TRaIN ./ILL MOVE.  IN THESE CIRCUMSTANCES, ONE RED FUSEE
WML FULFILL THE INTENT OF THE RULE.
123. SNOW PLOW
FOURTH, EXTRa PRECaUTION MUST BE TAKEN wHEN CURVaTURE, MATHER
J o
o
- 35-
OR OTMR CONDITIONS REQUIRE, MD WHEN SNOW PLOWS OR FMNGMS
ARE INVOLVED.
!24. TRaIN STOPPED WITH REM IMMEDIATELY AROUND A CURVE
FIFTH, iPWOID STOPS AT PLACES W'MRE THE VIEW FROM A FOLLOWING
TRaIN IS OBSCURED.
125. conductor and engineman
sixth, we am Reminded that conductors and enginemen are
RESPONSIBM FOR THE PROTECTION OF THEIR TRaINS.
126. WRITTEN INSTRUCTIONS
OCCASIONALLY FLAGMEN ME REQUIRED TO HOLD TRaINS, OR INFORM
THEM OF SPECIFIC MOVEMENTS OF TMINS BEING PROTECTED. WHEN
THEsE THINGS Ma SO, RULE 100 GOVERNS,
127. RULE 100
IT READS: ./HEN PROVIDING PROTECTION REQUIRED BY MM 99 AM
IT IS NECESSARY TO HOLD TRaINS OR aDVISE THEM OF SPECIFIC
MOVEMENTS OF THE TRaIN BEING PROTECTED, FLAGMAN SHOULD WHEN
PRACTICABLE, M FURNISHED WITH WRITTEN FLAGGING INSTRUCTIONS
TO BE SHOWN TO THE ENGINEMM OF TRaINS MFECTED.
128. 948 Passes extm east
TO ILLUSTRATE wE WILL aSSUME EXTM 8750 EAST DOES NOT HAVE
SUFFICIENT TIME TO GO TO Z FOR NO. 947.  WHILE IT IS STANDING
IN THE SIDING AT Y THE DECISION IS MADE TO STOP NO. 948 AND
■*J O -56
D
SEND a FLAGMAN WITH WRITTEN INSTRUCTIONS OVER TO Z TO HOLD
NO. 947.
129. WRITTEN INSTRUCTIONS
THE INSTRUCTIONS CARRIED BY THS FMGMAN ARE ADDRESSED TO THE
ENGINEMaN OF NO. 947 AND THEY REaD: THE FMGMaN WHO WILL HaND
YOU THIS MESSaGE IS SENT TO HOLD YOU AT Z.  WE WILL FOLLOW
NO. 948 FROM Y TO Z.  STAY AT Z UNTIL WE MRIM, MD ITS
SIGNED BY CONDUCTOR JOMo, EXTRA 8750 EaST.
130. EXTRA 8750 EaST IN SIDING RT Y
MEANWHILE, AS SOON aS THE TWENTY MINUTE INTERVAL HaS EMIRED,
EXTRa 8750 EAST WILL FOLLOW NO. 948 OVER TO Z ON THE STRENGTH
OF THE MESSAGE GIVEN TO THE FMGMAN TO HOLD NO, 947-
131. QUESTION
IS THIS NOT AN UNUSUAL KIND OF OPERATION?
132. EXTRa EaST MPROACHING Z
IT IS NOT a RECOMMENDED WAY OF ADVANCING a TRaIN, AND MUST BE
RESERMD FOR CASES WHERE SERIOUS AND UNUSML DEMYS WOULD
OTHERWISE RESULT, OR IN THE CaSE OF EMERGENCY.
133. QUESTION
TO   MAT  EXTENT  DOES  A FLAGMaN SUPERCEDE CMAR1NG RULES?
134. FLAGMAN SPEAKING  TO  ENGINEMaN
MEN USED  TO  MOVE AGAINST  AN OMOSING  TRaIN,   a FMGMaN SUPM- J
0
-37-.
CEDES ML AUTHORITY OF TM TMIN BEING MLD.  IT MUST WAIT
UNTIL THE TMIN FOLLOWING TM FLAGMAN MS AMIVED.  A TMIN
MUST NOT USE A FMGMM TO TAKE IT MAY FROM A POINT WHERE
A TMIN ORDER MEET HAS BEEN ESTMLISMD UNTIL THE TRAIN
DISPATCHER'S PERMISSION IS OBTAINED.  AS A MATTER OF FACT,
THE TMIN DISPATCHER SHOULD, IF PRaCTICABM, BE CONTACTED
IN ML CASES.
THIS IS ONLY ONE ILLUSTRATION OF TM CONTEMPLATED USE OF
RUM 100.  TMRE WILL BE TIMES WHEN THE LOCATION OF THE TRAIN
BEING PROTECTED WILL REQUIRE THE TMIN BEING STOPPED TO USE
AN UNUSUAL ROUTE.  THE TRaIN BEING STOPPED MAY BE REQUIRED
TO HOLD BACK UNTIL CERTaIN MOVES ARE  MADE BY THE PROTECTED
TRaIN.  TMSE ALSO ARE CASES wHERE MITTEN INSTRUCTIONS
WOULD BE USED.
135. THE END
NO COMMNT.
D

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