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Missions to Orientals in Canada Missionary Society Church of England in Canada Jan 1, 1927

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 January 1st, 1927
Missions to
Orientals
in i,ana
As Carried on by the
Provincial Board of Missions
to Orientals in B.C.
No. 14
Popular   Information   Series
Issued free on application to
Missionary Society Church of England
in Canada
Church House, 604 Jarvis Street, Toronto No. 14
Missions to Orientals
in Canada
As  carried  on  by  the
PROVINCIAL BOARD  OF MISSIONS
TO ORIENTALS IN B. C.
Bishops in British Columbia:
The Most Rev. A. U. dePerrcier, D.D., O.B.E.,
New Westminster.
The Right Rev. C. D. Schofield, D.D., Columbia.
The Right Rev. A. J. Doull, D.D., Kootenay.
The Right Rev. W. R. Adams, D.D., Cariboo.
Caledonia.
Chairman of the Administration Committee:
The Ven. F. C. C. Heathcote, L.Th.
Synod   Office,  198  W.  Hastings,  Vancouver,
B.C.
General Superintendent:
The Rev. F. W. Cassillis-Kennedy, L.Th., M.A.
3555—-18th Avenue West,  Vancouver,  B.C.
Secretary-Treasurer:
George L. Schetky, Esq.,
110 London  Building,  626  W.  Pender,  Vancouver,  B.C.
1. Oriental Population.
There are approximately 20,000 Japanese and
50,000 Chinese in Canada, the majority of whom
live in British Columbia.
The number of adults is not increasing, but the
Canadian-born Oriental population is.
A very large number of the grown-ups have
taken out naturalization papers, and all the children born in  Canada are reckoned as citizens.
The latter are not attracted to the religion of
their parents, and will grow up without a religion
if the Church does not do her duty.
2. The Church's Responsibility.
The Archbishop and Bishops of the Ecclesiastical Province of B. C. consider that the greatest
possible effort should be made to bring the Gospel
to the large Oriental Communities established in
the main centres in their dioceses.
The Christianizing of these people will not only
bring a blessing to Canada, but will strengthen the
hands of the Church's missionaries in China and
Japan, for many of them are continually passing
between the land of their adoption and their original homes.
Our responsibility is the winning of these Orientals and making them emissaries of Christ to their
relatives in  Canada and in the  Far East.
If we do not Christianize these strangers within
our gates  they will  Orientalize  us.
3. Missions Already Established.
Japanese—
Holy Cross Mission, 430 Cordova St. E., Vancouver, B.C.
Outstations at Dollarton, B.C., Sherman, B.C.,
and in All Saints' Parish, Vancouver.
Holy  Trinity  Mission,   1701  Third  Ave.  W.,
Vancouver.
Outstation at Marpole, B.C.
S.  Andrew's  Mission,  Prince Rupert,  B.C.
Chinese—
Good Samaritan Mission, 311  Pender St.  E.,
Vancouver.
Good   Shepherd  Mission,  653  Pender  St.  E„
Vancouver.
Good Hope Mission, 523 Johnson St., Victoria.
Good Angel Mission, Vernon,  B.C.
4. Methods of Work.
According to the teaching of Confucius, a
teacher is held in the greatest respect. The Missions, therefore, have as part of their work, Kindergartens and Day Schools for the children, and
Night Schools.and Hostels for the young people.
Through such means, friendly intercourse is
created between the teachers of these institutions
and the parents.
Oriental Missions in Canada, although labelled
"Domestic," are really in the same category with
"Foreign Missions." They deal with a foreign
people who, although living in Canada, follow the
habits and customs of the lands they migrated
from.
The methods, then, for evangelizing them, must
to a great extent be the same as those adopted
by the Church in China and Japan.
In China and Japan, English and American
Communities are not satisfied to have Christian
Orientals as chaplains for their churches, even if
they are in possession of the best possible education. They demand men of their own nationality.
It is, therefore, absolutely necessary to have as
pastors, for the main Mission centres in Canada
Japanese and Chinese clergy of the highest culture
and education.
The methods in vogue in the Anglican Missions
to Orientals in Canada are methods approved by
all Societies engaged in this work, and it is easy
to see that they are necessarily costly ones.
5. Progress Already Made.
The Provincial Board of Missions began its
work in 1918. Prior to that time there, were 4
Oriental Missions in existence.
Now there are 7.
Both of the Japanese Missions in Vancouver
have been enlarged, but the Holy Cross Mission
in Cordova Street is now too small for the growing work carried on there.
Proper records were not kept in the early days
so the exact number of converts made in B.C.
is not known. But during the last decade, 339
have been baptized and 221 have been confirmed.
Seven Sunday Schools are carried on with over
450 children in attendance, and Christian instruction is given in 6 Kindergartens and 4 Day
Schools.
Some of the Missions are aiming at self-support,
one is already paying over-head expenses, and
two have, between them, opened up four outstations and finance the evangelistic work done
in them. When it has been necessary to enlarge buildings the  Orientals have  contributed generously.
To a very great extent "Seed Sowing" is the
main work of the staff, and thousands of both
Japanese and Chinese have come under its influence. But as the Oriental population is in a great
degree a fluctuating one, the "Harvest has likely
been reaped in other places."
6. Difficulties.
The existence of Anti-Asiatic and Oriental Exclusion Leagues in Canada.
Race prejudice shown by actions of Church-
going people.
Oriental peoples choosing the worst sections of
towns  and   cities  for residence.
The lives led by many Occidentals who are only
nominally Christian.
Transient condition of a large section of the
Oriental population, converts and seekers after
the Faith going to places where there are no Missions nor  Mission workers.
The Problem of the Canadian-Born.
There   are few  Chinese  women in  Canada,   so
the number of Chinese children is comparatively
small, but the Japanese population is a fast growing one.
The majority of these children will make their
permanent homes here so their training should
be definitely Christian.
There is no religious instruction given in the
Public Schools, so this part of their education
would naturally be the responsibility of the Oriental Missions.
But as it is impossible for these children to
learn the language of their parents sufficiently well
to understand sermons, and read the scriptures
and Prayer Book, in Chinese and Japanese, the
Missions fail to influence them after they have
passed Sunday School age.
The reason for this is that the Oriental Missions
were brought into existence to teach Christianity
to adults who understood little or no English.
The remedy, then, to overcome this great difficulty, is for our Canadian Church people to supplement the work of the Missions by drawing the
Canadian-born Orientals into the churches.
If the clergy and church officials co-operate
with the Missions in this tremendously important
Christian work, by doing all in their power to
welcome and give these young people the opportunity of worshipping with them in God's House,
progress of a real and permanent nature will be
accomplished.
7. Needs.
A superintendent to look after the Chinese side
of  the  Oriental work.
A Chinese in Holy Orders for Vancouver, the
largest Chinese settlement in British Columbia.
The opportunity to start Missions in other
Oriental Communities so far untouched by
Christianity.
A new or enlarged building for the Holy Cross
Japanese Mission which has outgrown its present
quarters.
The prayers, sympathy and financial support of
all Canadian Church people for this highly important work.
8. Staff.
Rev. F.    W.    Cassillis-Kennedy,    L.Th.,    M.A.,
General Superintendent.
Rev. —, Assistant Superintendent.
Rev. Bernard   F.   Oana,   L.Th.,   Japanese   Missions.
Rev. George  Y.   Lim,   Chinese  Missions.
Rev. Boui Ding Li, B.D., Chinese Missions.
Rev. J. K. Ban, B.A., S.T.M., Japanese Missions.
Mr. C.  Lum,  Chinese Missions.
Mr. J.  C. Ariga, B.C., Japanese Missions.
Lady Missionaries and Assistant'Teachers:
Miss E.   M.  Rowland Mrs. G.  Cook
Mrs. Field Miss M.   Coates
Mrs. Gordon Nakayama Miss H.  Hellaby
Miss M.   Colton Mrs. F.  Brown
Dr. Eleanor   Lenox Miss M.   Owstan
Miss I. Withers Miss Schetky
Miss Wo lias ton1.
For general information all enquiries should be
addressed to the General Superintendent, 3555
18th Avenue West, Vancouver, B.C.

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