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The Chung Collection

The Bisector [unknown] Mar 31, 1928

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Successor to
FBB.-MAR.    1988
PRICK    lOc
B. C. Penitentiary    f
**'****I**I* ♦*»*•*
The Lim Jim Petitions
The Police Mix-Up      |
ft Vance 6? Manson Blow-out
Russia Ready for War
Ando-Catholics & Rome?
Rome Exploits Mexico WHITE    PROTESTANTS
Are Urged to Unite with an Aggressive
Organization Which is Campaigning
Against the Flooding of the
Dominion of Canada
with Alien Hordes
If  you  are   "Real,"   if   your   oath   is   sacred   and   inviolate,   you   may
become   a   member   of   a   most   powerful   Secret   Order,   whose   aims   are
stated   below.
Mail this IieaJIet, wltli your full name and.address clearly written thereon
to the Publicity Department at tlie indicated address.
Western Region Headquarters:
B^or all points West of
Ontario-Manitoba Border
P.O.  Box  387,
Vancouver, B. C.
Eastern ISegion Headquarters:
For all points East of
Ontario-Manitoba   Border
P.O. Eos 476, Station "P,"
Toronto, Ontario
British-Columbia—P.O.  Box    387,  Vancouver,   B.  C.
Alberta —P.O. Box 1613, Calgary,  Alberta.
Manitoba -—P.O.  Box 1571, Winnipeg,  Manitoba.
Ontario and East—P.O. Box    476, Station "F," Toronto, Ont.
Non Sihi Sed Alteris
Believing in the principles hereon stated, and wishing to be affiliated
with real men and women of like faith and convictions, I would appreciate
further  information  and  instructions.
Protestant Christianity.
Mutual freedom of Church
and State.
Racial Integrity.
Justice in law and life.
Freedom  of  Speech  and Press-
Name   ...
Phone No         City   	
Higher Public Moral Standards,
■tfnspctarian Public Schools.
The Unity of the Commonwealths
within the British limpire.
Selective  Immigration.
Bisector 2-28.
Vol. iv No. 2
Feb, Mar. 1928
Klan Leader Secures Copy of
Much Discussed Document
In the January issue an article dealing with the "Lim Jim" Petition was
printed, but the public demand for copies was  greater than  the  supply.
The Legislature having taken cognizance of this glaring case, and public
interest being stead'ily sustained, we
here reprint part of the article, together
with   the   Petition.—Ed.
So complete has been the sense of
shock to the general public in respect
to the now famous "petition for leniency" that the writer considers it to
be a public duty to submit the following comment, together with the petition and attached letters.
The defendant was Lim Jim, the
judge, Mr. Justice W. A. Macdonald,
the petitioners, Vancouver business
Throughout the Lower Mainland of
British Columbia a great deal of curiosity has been aroused as to the identity of the persons whose "wonderfully worded" petition should have
been so effective. Names have been
mentioned about town of men whose
abhorrence of the drug traffic could
scarcely be questioned, and whose
business and commercial standing
would be such as to at least leave it
open to belief that they might have
been considered as people who could
not be ignored—that is, of course, if
there is any class or section of the
people to whom such a phrase could
rightly be applied, in respect to the
processes of justice.
If there were no other reason than
to remove the imputation which such
gossip would hang to the reputations
of men quite innocent thereof, it is
the opinion of the writer that the
actual petition should be made public
for this purpose.
The "Vancouver Morning Star" speaking editorially in its issue of November
11th, 1927, in respect to the case and
petition, said: ''It would serve a good purpose, if, in future, the names of those
who are so ready to invoke clemency
for men convicted of a despicable offence
were  made  public."
In hearty agreeent with the 'Star"
in this particular, and in relation to
any narcotic case, we are convinced
that only the frankest publicity, coupled with well founded educational effort, will be effectual in rousing a usually somnolent public to the dread results of narcoticism.
It was with this end in view that
the writer commenced a series of articles dealing with narcoticism, and it
is in hope that the general public
will not alone be shocked, as it undoubtedly was, to read of petitions
and leniency for dope peddlers, but
that it will acquire also the urge of
a crusade against the traffic itself.
In the cross appeal of the Crown
it is shown from evidence presented
as to Lim Jim's activities that he was
in a fair way of being one of the large
operators in the traffic. In conversation with Lachenaur, the agent, he is
alleged to have asked: "You have
been to 232 Pender St.? You tried
to buy 200 cans up there, and you
seen the price he made you? Well,
that shows I am the biggest dealer
here. You could not buy 200 can3
from  six of  these    Chinamen,    you
could not get 200 cans."
,»    \
The following quotation lsjiaken
from the judgment of the Court of
Appeal as rendered by the Honourable Chief Justice, i3^ 3iafa T 11 E    I! i seer O K
j. age   j-uree
"The Petition is well described as
'wonderfully  worded/  but  we  think
The   petitions   follow:
the learned judge was in error in receiving" it."
The   Honourable   Mr.   Justice
W.   A.   MacDonald.
Sir: —
We, business men and citizens of
Vancouver, have learned with surprise and regret that Lirn Jim, prominent Chinese Merchant, has been
convicted of an offense of celling
We have known Lim Jim and, in
many cases, have transacted business with him for over twenty years
and we have long esteemed him for
his many fine qualities; his unfailing courtesy, his public and private
generosity, his probity, strict integrity and his kindly nature free from
all   malice.
Knowing him as we do—and business relations are usually the keenest test of a man's true nature—we
cannot conceive that in this man we
have a Jekyil and Mr. Hyde. Knowing also, as we do, that his legitimate business interests are very substantial and extensive, we are forced
to the conclusion that if Lim Jim
actually engaged in such a nefarious
action as selling opium, he did so without any intent whatever of wickedness
or evil, but rather in much .the same
spirit as one of us might visit a race
track and indulge in casual betting.
We believe that his character is entirely free from vicious taint and that,
on the contrary he is a man of kindly
and gentle disposition.
As citizens we are interested in the
suppression of the narcotic traffic and
in the just punishment of those who
break our laws. Mindful of these fac-
ters, we desire to respectfully convey
to your Lordship our considered
opinion that our community would
benefit more by granting to Lim Jim
a suspended sentence [than by committing him to a term of imprisonment. Our reasons for this petition
are as follows:
To a man of Lim Jim's type of temperament, we believe that his present experience is one which has already completely brought home to him
the folly, fool-hardiness and futility of
t^e illicit ventures, and that the continued   incarceration   could   have   but
one result—the complete ruin of his
life which might otherwise be employed usefully and with benefit to the
whole   community.
For many years we have taken Lim
Jim's word and found it true and we
believe him to be a man who would
take pride in sincerely responding to
any grave responsibility put upon him.
We therefore desire to respectfully
petition your Lordship that Lim Jim
be sentenced not to prison but to use
his influence with his countrymen
againet the narcotic traffic and that he
be charged to so act and speak
throughout his life that his example
may be followed by others in working towards the elimination of this
We are confident that to such a sacred trust Lim Jim is a man who
would respond with his whole being.
He is a prominent and influential man
in the local Chinese Community and
we believe that his example would
very materially aid the anti-narcotic
And we desire to suggest that, if it
be your Lordship's pleasure to consider favorably our opinion, then this
memorial be handed to Lim Jim to be
cherished by him and by his family as
a token of the solemn trust imposed
on him and as a symbol of British
Equity  and  Justice.
We have the honour to subscribe
ourselves, Sir,
TurnbU'H   Brothers,
Per M. Turnbull.
Geo. L. Maclnnis,
Solicitor, 413 Granville St.
John Cou'thard,
Director, Geo. S. Harrison
& Co.,  Ltd.
W.  H.  Manson & Co.,
Per W. H. Manson.
Thos. Steele & Sons, Ltd.
Tuckett   Ltd.,
B.  Stuart.
V.  W.  Adams,
Hunter &  Davidson,
A. M.  Hunter.
In   addition   to   the   foregoing,
there were two letters attached to
the petition, which are printed below:
The  Honourable  Mr.  Justice
W.  A.  Macdonald,
City Court  House,
Vancouver,   B.  C.
Dear Sir:
We have been asked to associate
ourselves with a petition which is to
be presented to you in respect to the
conviction of Lim Jim at the recent
Assizes for the sale of opium.
We have known this man for a
great many years and have done business with his father and the company
with which he has been associated
during all this time. Our relations
throughout have been of the most satisfactory kind and we find it hard to
believe that Lim Jim would be so foolish as to jeopardize his standing with
the business community of this city by
leaving himself open to any such
His business so far as our knowledge goes has been one of the best of
its kind in the city, and we have always had a very high regard for the
personal integrity and ability of Lim
His standing with his own people we
believe is a very good one and while
we would not for one minute wish to
condone any such serious charge as is
involved in this case, we suggest that
there may be some circumstance in
connection with this case that might
have weight with Your Honour in considering   where   the   interests   of   jus
tice might be served in some other
way than by a sentence to the penitentiary.
We are,
Respectfully yours,
Gault Brothers Ltd.
C. T. McHattie, Ssc.-Treas.
Hon. Justice W. A. McDonald,
Court  House,
Vancouver,  B.  C.
Dear Sir:
We have been asked to subscribe to
a petition in regard to the conviction
of Lim Jim at the recent Assizes.
While we in no way wish to condone a crime of this nature we find
it hard to believe that this man is
guilty of such crime as he has always
had a very good standing in the business community. We have had the
pleasure in doing business with him
for a number of years, latterly in his
capacity as manager of Gim Lee Yuen
Limited. We have always found him
attending to his obligations in a
prompt and satisfactory manner, and
we would respectfully suggest that
there may be some special circumstances in connection with the case
which might be further considered by
your  Honor.
We are,
Respectfully yours,
Jas. Thompson & Sons Ltd.
J.  B. Thompson,  Director.
Owing to the delays involved in the
change in our printing arrangements,
we have decided to make this issue
serve for both February and March,
so that our next issue will be dated
April, and so cover the month we
have lost. We shall have all future
issues out before the first of the month
for which they are dated.
We have to give thanks for several
donations we have received towards
the cost of our new printing plant.
The donors in most cases prefer to
remain anonymous, but we cannot refrain from mentioning their kindness,
which has helped us very materially
over a difficult period. It was what
some might have called foolhardy to
embark on such an undertaking as the
purchase of a printing plant of our
own; but thanks to the help of these
kind friends the worst difficulties have
been overcome, and the continued ex.
istence of the "Bisector" is at least
We shall now be able to carry out
our long cherished plan of re-printing
in leaflet form for wider distribution
a number of the more important articles that appear in the "Bisector,"
and we hope to have a stock of such
leaflets on hand. Donations to cover
the cost of free distribution of such
leaflets will always be welcomed and
put to the best use. Any article that
appears in future can be supplied in
leaflet form at small cost at the request of readers, provided it is asked
for immediately after it appears^while
type is still standing.
The loss of a month's issue has
crowded out a number of important
articles v/hich we had intended to
publish. While we regret the delay
in publishing these we can promise
our readers much interesting matter
in our next issue, m  o j.C
Lim Jim and his Wives
In an article which appeared in the
December issue of the "Bisector," reference was made to a rumour that
Lim Jim's father-in-law had been deported for trafficing in drugs, and
that he had returned to Canada, almost by the next boat. The writer
of the article simply put the question
whether that were so. We have had
an inquiry from the Controller of
Chinese Immigration as to the source
of our information. We have passed
the inquiry on to the writer of the
article, who is dealing with it. But
the inquiry awakened an interesting
train of thought in our mind as to
the habits of the Chinese among us,
and the way we allow them to increase
and multiply contrary to British law.
We asked ourselves: Which father-in-
law of Lim Jim's is meant?
The facts of Lim Jim's family life
may or may not be known to the Controller of Chinese Immigration,  but
we think it well to state them for the
enlightenment of the Vancouver business  men  who  told  the  Court  that
they had "long esteemed him for his
many fine qualities ; his unfailing courtesy, his public and private generosity,
his high probity, strict integrity, and
kindly nature, free from all malice."
After Lim Jim's wife had borne him
seven children,  she got too old for
his  taste  and.  after the  manner  of
his nation, Lim Jim took to himself
two    other   wives,   beautiful    voting
Chinese girls.    The original wife was
simply put on the shelf.   She remained in the house, but her place was
usurped by the two young wives. That
happened at least six or seven years
ago, and the two youn? wives  will
probably both have families now. so
Lim Jim will have three families by
different wives.   And we wonder why
the Chinese increase  so much more
rapidly than the white man!    So far
as we know, the three wives are all
living  in  Vancouver  at  the  present
moment, and there may be three fathers-in-law of Lim Jim's also.
Lim Jim has only followed the traditions of his family. His father, Lum
Duck Sue, was a prominent banker in
Vancouver, and a reputed wholesale
trafficer in drugs.    When Lim Jim's
mother died, Chinese custom required
that his father should at once marry
again, but it was not he himself, but
his son, who was required to choose
the second wife for him—the Chinese
thinking it more important that the
son and heir should be satisfied with
his step-mother, than that the father
should be satisfied with his wife. Lim
Jim chose a young and good-looking
Chinese girl for his father, and Lum
Duck Sue duly married her, but he was
not  satisfied with her.  He went  off
to China to get one for himself, and
as the one on whom his choice fell
had an older sister who was unmarried, Chinese custom required that he
should take both.   He came back here
with the two sisters, though how he
got them past the Immigration officials we cannot tell.   When Lum Duck
Sue died, his three wives were supposed to be required by law to be returned to China.    We cannot think,
however, that the law of Canada permits bigamy among yellow men any
more than among white men.   We surmise, therefore, that Lum Duck Sue
got. his wives into Canada by some
subterfuge; that they were not all registered in the Immigration office as
his wives; and that therefore there
was no record which would enable the
Immigration officials   to   send   them
back  to   China  when  he  died.    We
therefore invite the Immigration officials to look and see whether Lim Jim
has three step-mothers as well as three
wives here in Vancouver.
Real   Estate        Insurance        Conveyancing;
A.  BECK,  Notary  Public,  Manager
Broadway   and   Main Fair.   346
.. age - lve
The Penitentiary Trouble
The public have been somewhat
taken aback, and considerably mystified, by the order which has emanated from Ottawa, without any previous warning or hint of anything amiss,
for the retiral of Col. Cooper, governor of the B. C. Penitentiary. Later
dispatches from Ottawa and Col.
Cooper's own statement, while they
have indicated that there was friction
in certain quarters, have not served
to clarify the situation to any appreciable extent.
Col. Cooper is reported to be complaining that he was superseded without having had an opportunity to answer charges that may have been
made against him. His complaint is
tantamount to a demand for an inquiry, and we think it would be satisfactory to the public that there should
be an inquiry. No doubt the authorities at Ottawa made such inquiry as
they deemed necessary before taking
the action they did, and are satisfied
that the course they have adopted is
justified in all the circumstances; but
it would be well if they could take
the public into their confidence sufficiently to justify their action in the
eyes of the people of this Province.
It is seldom that outsiders are given a glimpse of what goes on within
the walls of a penitentiary. The daily
papers, if they know anything (which
is doubtful) never say anything, even
about incidents which, if they happened anywhere outside of the prison
walls, would occupy front page space
and create a first-class sensation. We
therefore venture to indicate one or
two cases which to our mind would
bear looking into.
There was a man named Davis,
about fifty years of age, mentally deficient and a weakling, weighing only
about 105 pounds, who was sentenced
to life imprisonment as a self-confessed murderer in 1926. He had been out
prospecting with a partner, and becoming obsessed with the idea that
his partner was planning an attack
on him, he had shot him and lived
three days in the shack with the dead
body before giving himself up. The
"life imprisonment" to which he was
sentenced lasted only about six
months, when death gave him a happy
release from his miseries. He was
subject to fits, and complained several
times of being ill and dizzy. He was
on a number of occasions put down
into the "black hole" (otherwise
known as "the tombs") on minor
charges. Last March he complained of
being unable to do his work. He was
attacked by two of the wardens, Chief
Keeper Goss and Guard Field. Other
convicts who witnessed the assault
state that he was thrown to the
ground and dragged by the neck at
least forty yards; and when, distracted through fright, he tried to resist,
he was kicked on the stomach and
head by the two we have mentioned
and other wardens who came, forsooth, to their assistance. He was
dragged by the neck down the stone
stairs into the "tombs" like a sack of
coals. As he was going down, some
of the other prisoners heard him crying out "God help me!" to which Goss
is said to have answered "God will
help you all right if I have anything
to do with it."
In the "tombs," he was laid out on
a board on the cold floor. He is said
to have asked for doctor's treatment,
which was refused. All the men who
happened to be in the "tombs" at the
time, were immediately released. One
of the prisoners, Joe Auriel (who
ought to be examined in this matter)
was ordered under the supervision of
one of the guards, to clean up the
mess of blood.
Davis was taken down to the
"tombs" alive about four o'clock in
the afternoon. He was dead before
six o'clock the following morning, for
when the prisoners turned out in the
morning his dead body was laid out
in the "schoolroom," and so there
was no school that day.
It is said that the Chief of Police
from  New Westminster,  with  some &age Si:
men to act as a jury, went out to the
penitentiary to.'hold an inquest, and
that the verdict recorded was "death
from pneumonia." Needless to say,
none of the prisoners who witnessed
the treatment which we have described was invited to be present or to testify at the inquest.
That is one case which in our humble opinion deserves to be inquired
into. But it is only one out of many
which might be cited to show the re-
voltingly brutalizing treatment meted
out to the prisoners. We shall mention  another.
There is a prisoner named Pater-
son, who has often been in petty
:rouble. On one occasion, while working out in the field where carrots were
being grown for the institution, he
was seen, or suspected of, passing carrots to another prisoner. He was
chained up by the hands and raised
to such a height that only his toes
were touching the floor, and for ten
consecutive days he was. kept all day
in that excruciating position. He was
forced to relieve himself in answer to
the call of nature in that position. The
blacksmith who was employed at the
penitentiary at that time was so disgusted and sickened at the sight of
the horrible treatment Paterson was
receiving, that he threw up his job.
We have heard and read of such
tortures being inflicted by the Church
of Rome upon 'heretics." The form
of torment we have just described
would delight the heart of the Fathers
of the Holy Inquisition. But we never
thought it possible that in any institution run by a civilised government
such treatment could be meted out to
man or bruite.     .,
There is another prisoner named
Martin who is a Roman catholic, and
so did not see his way to attend the
church service which was held in the
penitentiary. The Church of Rome
does not believe in allowing liberty to
Protestants to worship God according
to the dictates of their conscience.
But while we.testify against the per
secuting spirit of Rome, we would
protest most emphatically against a
Roman catholic being compelled to attend a Protestant Church service
against his will.
Strange to say, it was another
Roman catholic, Warden Puttenridge,
who began to ridicule Martin for his
refusal to attend the service. Putten-
ridge's taunts at last so incensed him
that he took up a chair in a fit of temper and proceeded to smash everything in his cell. Deputy Warden Trollop came up and ordered him to come
out of his cell, ^nd on his refusing,
ordered the fire hose to be turned on
him at full pressure, knocking him
unconscious or nearly so. In that condition he was taken to the "tombs,"
where he was kept for thirty days.
We prefer to draw a veil over what
has been told us of the treatment he
received during those thirty days. It
is said that as he was being drag'ged
down to the "tombs" he was heard
to shout: "You murdered Davis, but
you won't murder me;" and sure
enough, his strong constitution and
his doggedness brought him throug'h
these thirty days alive; but most men
would have gone under.
So Rome has got one man whom
she may claim as a martyr suffering
for his faith in the B. C. penitentiary,
and she is entitled to make all the
capital she can out of this case against
the Protestants who are so foolish as
to allow this sort of thing- to go on.
We have no doubt some of the incidents we have referred to, and
others of a similar nature, came to
the ears of officials at Ottawa, and
they would naturally hold Col. Cooper, as governor of the penitentiary,
responsible. We trust that the new
governor who has been appointed will
lose no time in holding an inquiry
into the way in which discipline has
been maintained, and if the disciplinary measures used were as they have
been reported to us, we expect there
will be a few more vacancies on the
staff before long. 	
Page  Seven
The Police Mix.Up
which takes note of the life of this
city, has joined in the chorus of protest against the corruption which is
so apparent everywhere.
The "Vancouver Daily Province,"
which does not often go out of its
way to notice any of its smaller contemporaries, recently, in addition to
a scathing leading article of its own,
reprinted the greater part of a leading
article from the "Western Tribune."
We can quote but a short section of
that article, but we add our testimony
to that of the "Province" and the "Tribune" as to the accuracy of the description it contains:
The wrangling of the Vancouver
Police Commissioners among themselves, both at their meetings and in
the press, over the premature disclosure of the intended shake-up in
the police force, has been to the citizens an illuminating, if not a very
edifying, spectacle. Mayer Taylor's
bitter attack on Commissioner Fletcher for divulging the Commissioners' plans, while providing a pitiful
exhibition of temper, was too manifestly a mere snatching at a straw,
magnifying a trivial incident to provide a smoke-screen to divert attention from the absence of disciplinary
measures to deal with the corruption
which has made our city police force
a by-word. Mr. Fletcher's heated demand for a thorough clean-up failed
to carry conviction owing to his silence on several occasions when ex--
posures of police methods appeared
to call for drastic action, and the sus-j
picion that his sudden and unwontedj
activity at this time was part of ?
plan by the Attorney General, in con
nection with the Amalgamation Bil
for Greater Vancouver, to so discredi
the City Police as to have the police [
administration of the city handed ovei
to the Provincial Police.
There has been a slight changing
around of offices, mainly within the
Criminal Investigation Department,
but no one has been dismissed, and
only one officer has been reduced in
rank; and Mayor Taylor hotly asserts
"The public are satisfied." Mr. Fletcher says: "The public are not satisfied." If the expressions of opinion
which find vent in the daily and weekly press is any index, then the public
are not only dissatisfied, but they are
thoroughly disgusted. We have not
noticed any sign of dissent on the part
of Mayor Taylor's Roman catholic
friends—their Church always seems
to thrive best in countries and cities
where moral conditions are filthiest—
but with that single exception, every
paper,   daily,   weekly,   or   monthly,
It is a common topic in clubs,
cafes, and on the street, that a rotten
condition exists in city police affairs;
it is also commonly held that the rottenness does not concentre on the department now under fire.
The fact is, as nearly every wideawake citizens holds, from a social
and mor al standpoint, the town is
"wide open" Gambling dives flourish
by the score. Crooked 'bucket shop'
bookmakers operate in broad daylight
by the hundred. Merchants in the
downtown section find business poor,
because, they assert, the Chinese lotteries and the bookmakers get first
attention from the loggers, sailors,
and longshoremen who comprise the
bulk of their customers. This, too,
explains why the city of late has been
over-run with panhandlers, broke and
The Tribune has referred to these
matters on previous occasions, but
took the position that the police force
may have become just a little lax,
and only needed reminding of the matter. But what attempt was made to
stop the evil?
In the territory between Abbott and
Main streets, from Pender street to
the waterfront, it is commonly accepted by everyone who knows the district
that more than a hundred Chinese lotteries are operating every day, taking Page Eight
thousands of dollars out of the pockets of loggers, sailors, and longshoremen and others who come into the
city with fat pay cheques in their
pokets. It is commonly believed, too,
bx many who know anything of Vancouver underworld, that most of these
cUyes are owned by one sleek Chinaman, a man of enormous wealth, and
one who appears to be on friendly
teems with some of the city's leading
white citizens.
Sit is one city fester of which the
pSIip^'are fully aware, but which no
rjgi ffigjXi is made to cure.
v1^yj|Q|ljier has spread its tentacles all
o^erpthsj city, even as far uptown as
Bmad.^ay], but having its main operating ground on Granville street between Robson and Davie. Here is a
verftaibleitjolony of crooked bookmak-
ers-jjnrosjt ofrthem operating as agents
for.'biieG o-frfrhree wealthy syndicates
ofiiHlieABj.".r©Jie notorious syndicate
hariiheiflqiMartors in a luxurious suite
at a smart uptown hotel. The leader
ofJjhis gangjs^jpeported to have open-
.tyJsBSt®!? rcroff  lriere  were  at  'east
2gp 'Jffigf' Jfee*PU?f(   books   for   his
HiWliofl,^3yib ■snildi    ,       , ,.
'Jorji J#ii8'sfMS3^ that the pollce
Hm wmmASiMondlti0^- -when
ey^fjyfrpan( who ijifllow.s the Tijuana
r%§(^P^.fii])y(j%o,ws;where to place
f-ffAi?SdPw ?amiiS an(J
h?m^fr,mmms9f. many of
sdi srhqrnop. oriw .ricrrmoi        ,
M ym JthmpIoteJptr^JJand \as
mm.M^i #v5rs miiW s™^
Who gefs the. protection money ?
3}fflt fs wiWntruj"d[ii I—
to"nndrdui:." *J" ,
anypnc       „..—. „., t„.^ „  ,
were operating.    Even thenlt 9woifl8
handefflere''a{-e'%to fgw'Wn'"Wffo «e^
aveiige'^o'eaftoffttfSfs'icMal! &^'fmwW^
pdniet?'1' fliatF-aftiefc orfe' 9nW9«fte5<f}h3
CMffefe? e:l> viovu gnhsisqo ati; ?.ohoi
>oo   stfbivsiq
He would be a credulous fool who
swallowed  the   statement  that  these
scores of dives are operating unknown
to the police.   The poor ignorant logger,  no matter how  strange to  city
ways, knows where to find them, to
his bitter cost.   Then the police officers with jurisdiction in this matter
must know all about it.   And nobody
is going to believe that those members   of  the  police   force  leave  the
"poor Chinks" alone for sheer love of
them. Are the members of the Chinatown squad collecting protection money, or have they orders from someone higher up to "lay off" the dives?
Which is  correct, the Tribune does
not presume to know. It may be mistaken in its entire conception of the
situation.    But the facts are all self-
evident.    No one will deny that lotteries exist in large numbers.    It is
up to Chief Long to discover why.
Such is the condition that has long
existed, and that still exists. The
city was mildly shocked recently when
a speaker on a public platform told
how some of the underworld fraternity were enticing loggers and miners from all over the Province to
come to Vancouver by describing it
as "the wickedest city on the American continent." Yet how many could
deny that the description was fairly
applicable? So far as we can make
out, the recent changes in the police
department have not resulted in the
closing of one dive or gambling den.
"There is but one explanation •—•
"Who gets the protection money?"
It is not the "Tribune" alone that
asks the question.
Some members of our detective department may own shares in gold
mines, or may have made successful
speculations in oil stock. We do not
say that they have not. But when we
hear of men who receive from the
city a salary of $160 to $175 a month
building or purchasing nouses in the
most exclusive part of the city, that
could not be maintained on an income
ofdess than $6,000 to $8,000 a year;
•'(.'<■ (Continued on Page 32)
Page Nine
Facts about the Invisible Empire
The   Truth   About  the   Ku   Klux Klan. ,   ,,..
What it is aid what it stanch for.
A  plain  ctatcnent  of  the  objects
and  purposes of this powerful
secret  order,  its  Criterion  and
its Creed.
EDITOR'S NOTE.—The fol'owins article on the Canadian Ku K us Klan is
from the pen of its Vice-president, Mr. A.
J. England, who is also making valuable
contributions to the BISECTOR on the
narcotic traffic.
This is the fourth time that the BISECTOR has opened its columns to Klan artless. The first was in September, 1927,
to rreet a local situation in Vancouver;
the second, a report on (he union cf Canadian Klan bodies, which the prnss of
B. C. stifled; the third to warn Saskatchewan readers asainst spurious K an organizers, who",e subsequent eiE^Q u e li~".
been reported in the press throughout
Canada. This, the fourth article, may be
considered the first public o^cial utterance of the national Klan bo.'y in Canada, and the BISECTOR considers it o-'v
fair to its readers and to the Klan itself
that they should know at first hand the
platform and policy of this organ'zition.
In this spirit the BISECTOR will continue to open its columns to the Klan,
and is confident that its readers will
heartily endorse this policy,
Possib'y there has net yet been
an organization or fraternity more
misunderstood than the Triple K.
or the Ku Klux Klan. Part of this
misundc's^a^cPng is natural but
most of it is the result of definite
and direct m'sreprassntatian.
It has been accused of almost
every crime in the criminal calendar, and has had laid at its
door as many ritual crimes and
fraternal offences as in the former days were laid against the
Masonic fraternity, not excluding
that of ritual murder.
'"-ess.   -Imost  vithout  re
lief, appears to broadcast reports
reflecting unfavorably on the organization; and platform, parliament, and pulpit are to be found
decrying the organization as a
thing unclean and unworthy.
It is therefore quite natural to
find the mails are deluged with
enquiries for 'authentic information as to the Society and its objects and purposes. With the
advent of a united and National
kkn in the Dominion of Canada,
through the union of the three
major bodies heretofore
ris;, and the very wide publicity
given this fact from the press
services, this demand for authentic information has become
very pronounced, and for this
resson this article is prepared.
As is customary amon^r fraternities, a statement of the platform, or prccldming the oriGfim.l
cneenlion of the movement, is
published. There is nothing mysterious about it—nor is there, in
fact, about any part of the rit-ia]
or practices of the order — tin
greater part of which is. in fa"4,
gratuitously hms on to it by iia
When, in the hectic neriod fob
lowing the Civil War. the organism of the Ku Klux Khn was revived in th1; United States, there
were a number of titles and modes
of address in use, which, just as in
other and more modern fraternities, were somewhat wierd.
All these have been abolished,
however,  and the klan organization in Canada is entirely free—
containing far less of this sort of
jr^mno- than most other frater- nities. The system of government, formerly designated by
Cantons, Provinces, Realms, and
an Imperial Council, survives, and
the decrees of the order are promulgated by the Imperial Council.
The national klan of Canada is
officially known as the Invisible
Empire, Knights (and Ladies) of
the Ku Klux Klan of Canada,
and its first official announcement to the people of the Dominion
takes the form of an Imperial
Proclamation, whiA reds as follows:
We. the Imperial Wizard and citizens of
the Invisible Empire, Knights (and Ladies)
of the Ku Klux Klan of Canada, do declare
that as members of this order, we seek to
promote unselfish peace and iustice among
men and nations: loyalty to Constitutional
Government in Canada, and to the maintenance of our cherished heritage in the
commonwealths comprising the British
We believe these purposes can be best
served through a mystic association, having a perfr"ted l^dge system and an effective
form of government. To this end. not
for selfish profit, but for mutual betterment, benefit, and protection of our oath-
bound associates, we therefore proclaim that
we have dedicated ourselves to demonstrate
the practical utility of such an honourable
association as a real force in the lives and
affairs of men.
We invite all who can qualify as citizens
of the Invisible Empire to approach its
portals and join us in extending its boundaries and increasing its service: to conserve
and utilize our racial instincts of their
intended noble purpose: protecting womanhood, commemorating . the chivalry and
achievements of our forebears by a faithful
observance of our sacred obligations, and safeguarding the rights and privileges flf Bilf
The Invisible Empire is founded on
sterling character, a reverence for the Immutable Laws of God, and the consecrated
bond of noble purpose. It is promoted by
the sincere, unselfish devotion of dedicated
men and women, and is governed by their
consecrated intelligence. It is the soul of
chivalry, the shield of virtue, and the devout
impulse -of men and women of an unconquerable race.
This document is dated Toronto, Ontario, October 22, 1927,
being the result of revisions made
at Vancouver, B. C. since the original date (August 22, 1924) on
October 16, 1925, and March 17,
1926, and at Toronto on January
15, 1925; and has the signatures
of the Vice-President and secretary; or, in the parlance of the
Klan, the Imperial Caliph and
Imperial Scribe, for the Executive
Trustees, appended on November
5, 1927. It also carries the seal of
the order.
Like other fraternities and the
church, the Ku Klux Klan has a
creed. It is simple and the ideals
it expresses must appeal to the
best of our Canadian citizenry.
It reads:
We. the citizens of the Invisible Em-
oire, Knights (and ladies) of the Ku Klux
Klan of Canada, reverently acknowledge the
Supreme Majesty of God our Father: and
His Son, Jesus Christ, as our Criterion of
We believe, as citizens of Canada, that
we share with the citizens of other Commonwealths and Dependencies of the British Empire, a Sacred Heritage, and we regard it as worthy of o%r strongest support:
and we give, to the just laws and constitutional systems that perpetuate our traditional rights and privileges, our full and
unswerving devotion  and allegiance.
We believe that our white race has a
ministry of supreme service to mankind,
and that the introduction of elements which
cannot readily be assimilated or fused into
our racial stock will lead to the corruption
of racial health and seriously impair the
service we mi^bt otherwise render to our
fellow men. We therefore avow ourselves
to be ever true to the maintenance of ouf
racial integrity.
We recognize the practical benefit of
fraternal association among oeople of kin.
dred thought and common ideals and there*
fore pledge ourselves to r»rarf'se an honourable klannishness toward all citizens of
the divisible Empire, for mutual benefit
a"d sfvire. "Non Sibi Sed Alteris." (Not
for self,  but for others).
The klan seeks to unite in a fellowship the loyal. whi*e Protestant neople of Canada. Thev must
be 18 years of age, of good reputation and sound mind, prepared
Page Eleven
to enter the fellowship by subscription to a common oath and to
be strictly regulated therein.
They must believe in the tenets
of Christianity, recognize the necessity of freedom of the State
from ecclesiastical control,
pledge themselves to seek
justice in law and in life,
to strive for higher standards of
public morals, to uphold the Constitution and Laws of Canada, to
seek real unity of the Commonwealths within the British Empire and to maintain racial integrity by rigid systems of selective
immigration. They also obligate
themselves to chivalrous purposes
in the preservation of womanly
virtue and si and for liberty in v
real sense of freedom of speech
and press, and for an unsectarian
public school system.
The Klan, again, like other fraternities, inculcates a high philosophy through a system of rit-
ualisic degrees. Its members
are enjoined to protect the weak,
the innocent and the defenceless
from the indignities, the wrongs.
and the outrages of the lawless,
the violent, and the brutal.
Further, each member is obligated to aid and assist in the execution of all constitutional laws;
to preserve the dignity of the
State by firmly opposing tyranny
jn any form or degree, from any
source, by insistence on a faithful
and fearless administration of
justice by the duly constituted officers thereof and to meet every
behest of puDlic duty without fear
and without repreaeh.
The reader will readily subscribe to all the foregoing—and
possibly, by virtue of association
with other fraternities, find that
it bears a close resemblance to the
ideals and objectives of many fraternities. Hence, if the klan is to
provide an appeal to the general
public, it must demonstrate that
it differs from these either in its
programme or its strategy.
Most modern fraternities,
after all, are but left-overs of a
more primitive form of society.
The primitive character has been
washed out of the present day
forms—or the ancient light which
illuminated their alwrs u#,s, became dimmed—the truths which
governed and fashioned the character of the fraters has become
obscure and clouded—though the
secret pass-words and the calls
for aid are retained.
While this may be. aid f 'most'
fraternities, there are certain notable exceptions. In the Orient,
it is not true, for instance, of the
Chinese 'tongs.' In the Occident,
it is not true of the Ku Klux Klan.
The Chilnese tongs are 'going'
concerns—their oaths are genuine—real; their vengeances posi-
tiva and relentless; their duties
are assumed by oath-bound members and their fealties are unquestioned.
In the Occident—the outstand-
ing example is the Kla.n. In neither of these classifications must
one forget, of course, the Jesuit
order, which operates in both
Orient and Occident, but the Klan
is a 'going' concern — its oaths
are genuine and real; it3 duties,
are not lightly assumed and its
fealties are not open to question-
The klan, moreover, is not a
competitor of other fraternities.
There are many Protectant, frftt»
grnities, whose membership i s,
restricted to people of our own
stock, but the klan, by its secret
character, becomes more or less
a clearing houne for them all,
Membership in the klan is not public property. No member may divulge the identity of another. No
mailing list is at the disposal of
whosoevo-" wills to fasten thereon.
This is -■ ae £ mdamental secret of
the Ku Klux Klan — that of its
membership—as a result of which it remains an unknown quantity—
it strength cannot be measured—
it permeates the community. For
all the reader -, knows, every daily
action may, through his immediate neighbor, be observed by the
unseen eye of the Invisible Empire.
The Churches
Nor is the klan a competitor of
the churches. It has and seeks
to exemplify a high moral and
spiritual code. It questions no
""person's credal relations and
stands for complete freedom" of
worship of all men and any creed.
There are few, however, who
will deny that a large number of
.men and women, seeing conditions
'perpetuated which fraternal association and church practice are
held to condemn, have gradually
tost faith in fraternities and
churches alike.
...To these, and to those who
still find something in the fraternities and the churches (and
there is much in them.both for
those who earnestly seek), the
Man is the medium through which
the volunteer armies in their reserve trenches can find expression.
To the men and women of the
fraternities it presents an effective weapon with which to protect
the right of fellowship; to the men
and women of the churches it
presents a shield and a -buckler
to preserve the right of free and
public worship as dictated by the
human conscience; while to those
whose experience has caused thern
to lose faith in either, the klan
presents a medium constituted
to carry into execution the ideals
and principles they still hold dear.
The klan is not proscribed by
the apathy of the pew-holder nor
the dogma of the pulpiteer nor is
it- a weapon forged in behalf of
any: cause other than that of the
loyal, white Protestants of Canada.
The Political Are^a.
The klan, further, is not a par.
tisan political agency. The citizens of the Invisible Empire may
adhere to any political faith and
find common ground of fellowship and service in the klan. At
the same time, it by no means,
bars a free and frank discussion
of political questions in its assemblies—rather does it invite
them, in the hope that throughout all political parties and in all
their activities, the principles
which govern the association of
klansmen and klanswomen may
find entry and adherence.
There are few, however deeply
seated may be their partisan affiliations, who will deny that our
political systems have wandered
far from the platforms '. which
brought them into being — and
that most of their proponents, sadly enough, appear to have lost all
vision but that of self.
To secure, then, a higher standard of political morals, men and
women of all political belief will
find in the Ku Klux Klan an
agency through which these standards may be inculcated.
Much has been said about the
use of the mask, by members of
the Ku Klux KSan. It will be
found that those who cry most
loudly against the visor of the
klansman, worn only in one part
of his ritualistic ceremonies, are
those who fear most the unmasking of their unrighteous activities
in the world of affairs—in the
country at large and in the social
In these three aspects, the religious, the fraternal and the poli-
lical, the position of the klan is;
as to creed, it is the individual
business of the citizen; as to fraternal association, that also is a
matter of choice; as to his political
activity, his owh knowledge and
investigation should lead to the
formation  of his  allegiances.
It ctands definitely for these
three principles, and takes no issue with any, unless the religion
Page   Thirteen
enters into the political arena, the
fraternity proves a menace to free
institutions, or the political system becomes subversive of good
The Enemies of the Klan.
"The Klan has many enemies.
So have other fraternities; so have
the churches. The enemies of the.
Ku Klux Klan are the enemies of
other fraternities of Protestant
men and women, and are precisely
the same as threaten the churches.
Those who "love darkness rather
than light, because their deeds are
evil," Will not be found singing
the praises of the klan.
The enemies of the klan, of the
fraternities and of the churches
denounce the klan more loudly
than the rest. , Why ? Because
they fear that the Klan will prove
to be more potent in confounding
their nefarious deeds.
The citizens of the Invisible Empire believe that their organization, by virtue of its constitution
and the practice of secrecy concerning its membership, is one of
the most powerful secret societies
in operation. Its enemies declare
it to be the most dangerous secret
order existing. Between the two
there is absolute agreement, the
admission of its enemies proving
its own contention.
It has been said that the Klan
is not wanted in Canada.
Very true. The men and women
engaged in the narcotic traffic in
Canada do not want the Klan in
Canada. The eye of the Invisible
Empire sees further and more
than eyes below a uniform cap.
It is not wanted by crooked officials who escape , unorganized
public opinion, but cannot avoid
and dare not face, the organized
citizenry mobilized in the klan to
end maladministration. The Klan
is not wanted by vote-buying politicians. The Klan is not wanted
by proprietors- of gambling dens,
or other running sores which deface so many Canadian communities. The Klan is not wanted in
Canada by any person or group of
persons who have to fear -the organized white Protestant manhood and womanhood of the Dominion; whether they are engaged
in lawless practices, out to victimize all or part of the people, or
attempting to make the free people
of this Dominion pay servile respect to Rome, Russia, or Dollars
hoarded and misused.
It has been said that the klan
could never be organized here, or
that if organized, a low and undesirable type would join it, and
in any case it could never have
permanence. The facts are that
the klan is needed in Canada, that
the need is recognized, that it has
organized, and is. now operating:
throughout the Dominion as a united organization, that men and
women of all classes are becoming
citizens of the Invisible Empire,
and that they are "staying with it"
because they recognize it is built
for service, has and knows its
mission, and in spite of calumny
and opposition, is pressing forward to the accomplishment of its
The glory, of klansmen and
klanswomen is to serve. Silently—
and secretly—they serve. Their
white robes prevent, ordinary
marks of distinction from obtruding themselves—in the assemblies
and conclaves of the Invisible Empire there is no respect of persons.
Unless duty demands it—the
great mass of klansmen and klanswomen will remain unknown.
One may live lor years and
never come consciously before the
eyes of the Invisible Empire, but
let crookedness and corruption,
however, raise their heads, and
this great organization will be
found fearlessly leading the fight
to eradicate these things from our
national life. The klan is not, as its enemies
would have it understood, an organization of people who are anti-
negro; anti-orientai; anti-this or
anti-that. It believes in justice
to people of all classes, colour or
creed and will never be found in
any other category. It believes
also in justice to the loyal, white,
Protestant people of Canada, and
will always be found in the forefront of the battle for the preservation of those things which are
dear to loyal, white, Protestants.
It is an organization of law-
abiding citizens, which neither
countenances law violaticin, on the
part of others, nor knowingly tolerates it among its members.
Neither the klan nor its members claim to be perfect. Like all
human organizations it may have
failings, but to the people of Canada who have eyes to see, and
whose concern grows as they see,
the Klan appears like the dawning of a better day.
The klan stands for everything
which will build the race and
against everything which tears it
down. It is for the Public School,
free from sectarian dominance and
influence; it stands four-square
against the forces that cater to
the sensuous and immoral, that
prey upon human weakness and
pander to ignorance and vice. It
will take sedition out of society,
treason out of training and corruption out of civic conduct.
If you treasure the heritage we
share with the sister Commonwealths of the Empire and are loyal to its traditions, your place is
with the Klan, to assist in preserving the integrity, the blood purity,
the moral stamina, the ideals of our
white race in Canada. Your place
is with the organized race movement—dedicated to the preservation of those things which have
made for our race a place in the
affairs of men.
If you believe in practical
Christianity, your place is with
an organized movement calculated
to put the principles of the open
Bible into practice.
If you believe in law and order,
your place is with an organized
movement whose mission is to inculcate respect for these factors,
emphasising obedience to law and
insisting on its full and impartial
enforcement by those charged
with that duty.
If you believe that loyal white
Protestant Canadians should have
the same right in their own land
as is permitted to alien and other
groups, your place is in the klan
Other racial groups are organized
in this land of ours and exercise
the privilege of free assembly, free
speech and free press.
Organized Effort
The effort of the individual may
count for little in the larger interests of the nation. The combined efforts of a group multiply
the power for service. Well organized, well planned and well directed effort need fear to assay
no task. Such is the purposed effort of the klan.
The most sublime thought in all
language of all time is contained
in the motto of the Ku Klux Klan.
It greets members of the order as
they enter their caverns of assembly. It is the message of their
obligation and whispers its Benediction as they again set forth to
serve. It is the spirit of klancraft.
It is the echo of the Voice which
said: "I am among you as one that
serveth," and is expressed in the
words: "Non Sibi Sed Alteris."
Can You Qualify?
The true interests of the home,
of the community, of your province and of the nation should impel all who are true to seek admission to the Invisible Empire, a
fellowship of men and women with
lofty ideals of race, in a Crusade
for God, for home and for country.
Page Fifteen
Mass'Mongers Meet the Milkman
Shaughnessy Heights Dames Reverse
the Adage: "Early to Bed, Early
to Rise."
In our younger and less sophisticated days we used to think that the
Church of Rome had at least one advantage over Protestant bodies generally : she could get her people to rise
from their beds and turn out for worship very early in the morning. We
still believe that is true in some cases:
there are papists who are sufficiently
in earnest about their religion to get
up early on Sunday morning to go
■ to mass, if it were only to get it over
and done with for the day.
It would be gratifying to the priests
to see wealthy followers of the Romish faith turning out for mass in the
very early hours of Sunday morning,
if they supposed for a moment that
these people were zealous enough to
rise from their beds at such a time.
But how many are aware of the system which is in vogue in Shaughnessy
Heights and such-like places, where
the "faithful" are notoriously "lovers
of pleasures more than lovers of
On Saturday night, the ladies gather in the house of one of their number for a bridge party. The game is
carried on all night, hundreds of dollars being frequently won or lost by
individual players. When it "begins
to dawn towards the First Day of the
Week," the party breaks up, and the
ladies go to early morning mass before going home to bed. These fine
ladies spend the greater part of the
day in bed — if not sleeping, then
smoking and reading novels, and in
some cases drinking, till the approach
of darkness warns them, as it does
also the wild beasts, that it is time
to get up and prowl abroad once more.
The priests cannot but be aware
that this is, and has been for longer
than we have been able to trace back,
the custom of many of their patrons
at the early morning mass. It must
be made well worth their while to
wink at such a practice. It is a custom among men who gamble for high
stakes, for the winner to stand drinks
all round. We wonder if at the close
of a bridge party where the stakes are
high, the winner stands masses all
round. Or perhaps if the ladies ge to
confession, the priest takes care to ask
each one of them how much she won,
and fixes the price of absolution accordingly.
What kind of god do these people
believe in, who can be satisfied with
such a perfunctory act of worship
wedged in between such a night and
such a day? Would it not be as well
to be an Indian and to worship the
hideous faces on a totem pole, as to
worship such a caricature of God as
they must have before their minds.
But are these Saturday night bridge
parties attended exclusively by Roman
Catholics? We have reason to believe
that they are not. The non-catholics
cannot of course mock God in the
same way by ending up the night's
debauch with a form of worship, for
the Protestant Churches have no arrangements for accommodating revellers in the small hours of Sunday
morning. Most of the non-catholics
are non-Protestant, also; they are
people who have no regard for religion in any shape or form. But there
is, we believe, a small minority of
these revellers who find their way into
Protestant places of worship on Sabbath evening, and are allowed to occupy a place in the Church for which
their conduct ill befits them. Ministers in Protestant Churches should
take care to see that this practice,
which forms a smudge on the face of
Christianity, is left to those to whom
it belongs, Roman catholics and inn-
dels, . . T H E   B I S E C T O R
it cams as a shock to the whole
civilized section of British Columbia
to rer.d how, when Principal Vance
or the Anglican College here was
brough; by one of the members into
cur Legislative iVsembly, Attorney
General Manson drew the Speakers
a tendon to "the stranger," and called for hij removal from the riousj;
and that, as it was afterwards explained for purely personal reasons, because Principal Vance was reported
—erroneously, as it turned out — to
have passed some derogatory remark
about the Attorney-General.
What the remark was, or what the
occasion on which it was supposed to
have been mtered, it is not intended
that the public should know; for both
p :."[ies appear to have agreed that.
;-o far as it lies in their power, the
incident will be buried in oblivion.
We may be wrong, but we cannot
refrairi from hazarding a guess. We
shall tell our readers a little story
wh'.ch came to our ears some little
time ago, which may throw light upon
the attitude of some members of the
government towards Principal Vance.
When the University lands were
laid out in Point Grey, a section of
;.bout five acres was set aside for each
of the larger Churches for a theolo-
gic :! College. These plots were donated by the government to the Roman
catholic, Anglican, Methodist (later
the United) and Presbyterian Churches. As donated, these pieces of land
were in the rough, covered with huge
stumps, and would cost a considerable
sum of money to clear. The Anglicans
set to work and cleared their own section, he Roman catholic section meantime bring also cleared; and then, so
it is said, Principal Vance made the
disrovery that the Roman catholics
had had their section cleared for them
at the expense of the provincial gov-
ernmen . He at once went over to
Virtoria and "read the Riot Act"—
these are our informant's exact words
—to Mr. Pattullo, minister of lands;
and Mr. Pattullo, to keep him quiet,
handed him a cheque for the whole
amount that the Anglican Church had
sp.nt on clearing their land, with interest to date.
Such is the story which is being
whispered around in Church circles.
And if the facts are as stated, we can
well understand that Principal Vance
might have said some things that were
not quite complimentary about some
members of the government. But
what we cannot understand is how
Mr. Manson, who is a Continuing
Presbyterian, should be a party to
such a glaring piece of favouritism
towards the Church of Rome.
New  Styles  in
From Hamilton, Ontario, comes
word of the solemnisation of a
wedding under the auspices of the
Ku Klux Klan. Both bride and
groom were me,lmbers of the organization, the ceremony being
performed by the Klan chaplain,
an ordained minister.
The wedding, which took place
in December, is held by members
as an augury of the principle of
the klan organization, which seeks
to "unite" loyal, white Protestants.
The practice of members of this
order having such ceremonies performed under its auspices is growing, and it is believed this is the
first of such weddings to take
place in Hamilton.
In the west, it will be remembered, an elaborate wedding was
witnessed early in  1926,  accord-
(Continued on page 20)
Rome Exploits Mexico
By "Watchman"
In "The Chalice"
An incident of the gravest signfi-
cance has just occurred in Canada—
I refer to the violent protest of the
Romish Bishop, Fallon, against the
visit of Sir Henry Thornton to Mexico. This incident and its ever-widening circle of effects is of great value
to all who are able to see even a little of what underlies surface events
and who can read the true story
which runs between the lines of newspaper report or comment. Let us
consider the facts.
1. Sir Henry Thornton, who is at
the head of large railway interests in
Canada, visits Mexico upon business
presumably connected with the railway situation in that country.
2. Immediately this Romish Bishop,
Fallon, makes a frenzied and hysterical  attack upon the Government  of
Mexico, the Premier and Government of Canada, and upon Sir Henry
Thornton because the latter visited
Mexico in connection with the railway
situation in that country.
3. This ruffianly and lying attack
was replied to by the Mexican Consul in Ottawa in courteous and restrained language ; he made that reply
as the official representative of the
Mexican government in this country.
4. Immediately a second Papist
screecher in the person of Charles
Marcil, the Roman Catholic M.P. for
Bonaventure, leaps into the ring. He
makes his letter the occasion for deliberately advocating the break-off of
friendly relations between Canada and
Mexico. (See letter in The Ottawa
Journal dated December 16th).
5. The matter is boomed, headlined
and advertised by every Catholic-controlled paper in the country, and the
suggestion that the Mexican Consul
be re-called is put forward and persistently emphasized.
These facts have been chronicled
by every paper of note in the country
and cannot be denied. Upon the face
of it this uproar and outcry is out of
all proportion to the incident itself.
But the truth does not lie upon the
surface; the actual causes underlying
this vehement violence are carefully
hidden; the real facts are never hinted at. The truth is that Sir Henry
Thornton's mission to Mexico, would,
if successful, cut athwart the Romish
conspiracy whose ultimate objective
is the domination of the North American continent by the Hierarchy of
But in raising the present issue the
plotters have made a fatal mistake.
By the providence of God they have
thereby placed in our hands irrefutable evidence of the existence of this
vast plot against the lives and liberty
of all non-Catholic peoples. By reason of the publicity they themselves
have given to the matter for their
own ends, the attention of the people
of Canada and of the United States
has been aroused. For us it constitutes a God-given opportunity to expose the almost endless ramifications
of the Romish Peril, and to awaken
the people of this continent to the pit
which yawns beneath their feet. Out
of their own mouths they are condemned.
The whole situation can be stated
plainly in a few paragraphs; it is
+his—The government and the people
of Mexico have determined to free
themselves from the intolerable oppressions of the Papal Hierarchy and
rule—a rule which has held sway in
that unhappy land ever since the piratical expedition of Cortez, instigated
and backed by the rapacious and
bloody policies of the Church of
Rome,    Under the governments of Obregon and Calles, great strides towards, this freedom have been made,
and as a consequence the Papal interests are incessantly plotting- for the
overthrow and downfall of the constituted government in Mexico.
.Unable at the moment to accomplish this openly and by force of arms,
they have resorted to those secret and
underhand methods which have ever
characterized  the
   policies  of  "holy'
Church—the modern counterparts of
the poison and the knife, the secret
tribunal and the stake, she wielded so
successfully in the Middle Ages.
in the present instance. Catholic interests have planned to force the
hands of the Government of Mexico
through financial pressure. During
a critical period the defacto government of Mexico was* recently drawn
into a "financial agreement" with one
of the greatest Banking Houses in the
United States. At the right moment
pressure was exerted to enforce payment, and under cover of a pretended
effort to negotiate loans to the Government from other Banking institutions for-the liquidation of the debt,
measures were taken to prevent any
such assistance being rendered.
The second move in the game was
to secure the appointment of one of
the partners in this great Banking
House to the position of United
States Ambassador to Mexico. This
gentleman was entrusted with the
task of bringing about an ' "agreement" which involves the control of
her Customs Revenues. That agreement is, to the best of our knowledge, still unsigned, ft was at this
critical moment that the hardly-
pressed Mexican government turned its eyes Northward to Canada — a friendhr and Protestant
countr'y — in the hope of finding
some escape from the net of intrigue '
by which it was surrounded. The visit
of Sir Henry Thornton was the outcome, and now these Catholic plotters are furious lest after all, the victim should escape them.
Some account of these facts is given
in The Ottawa Journal in a recent issue, and we take the liberty of quoting
some   of   the   more   important   paragraphs.    This article states that—
"The visit of Sir Henry Thornton
to  Mexico   was   for  the  purpose  of
making a valuation of Mexican railroads   in  order  to   assist  the  Calles
government . . . and to secure funds
to help the Mexican government out
of its difficulties. . . The facts behind
the visit of Sir Henry Thornton to
Mexico are well known in New York
and particularly in Wall Street financial circles.    The facts collected there
are as  follows.    A few years ago a
financial agreement was entered into
between Pani, the Mexican Minister
of Finance, and Thomas W. L-amont,
one of the partners in J. P. Morgan
Company."     8he   earlier   history   of
this  arrangement  is  then  recounted,
including the sewing-up of the Mexican Government in the matter of credit reliefs.    The article then continues : "Fearing that an amount in excess of two million dollars which was
under the control of the Mexican Consul  General's  office  in    New    York
would be attached by Morgan & Co.
or some other creditor, President Calles quietly arranged to have Mexican
funds in New York transferred to the
Bank of Montreal."     ,
The  article then  tells  of the  new
line of pressure brought to  bear as
' a result of this action; it says—"Mr.
D wight'W. Morrow, a class-mate of
President Coolidsre and a member of
the firm of J. P. Morgan- and Co.
(black face type is ours) was appointed American Ambassador to Mexico.
. . . The next step was to present a
treaty of commerce and amity to the
Calles ' Government;    This treaty, intelligent  and  patriotic Mexicans  believed  would   destroy  the   economic
independence   of  Mexico.    For  that
reason the belief is that Calles  will
not sign it. . . "   This most illuminating article concludes with the following   item:   "Wall   Street  expectation
also is that if Ambassador Morrow is
successful  in  patching tip  any  kind
of an agreement with Calles, it will be
his first step towards becoming Secretary of State of the United States,
Page  Tliree
in succession to the present Secretary,
Mr. Kellog." Personally we would
eliminate the words "any kind of"
and let it ride. It now remains to be
seen whether or not the Mexican head
will be delivered on the Dwight Morrow charger.
Those who understand the inner
significance of events in the United
States during the past twelve or
eighteen months, well know that Roman Catholic interests have worked
ceaselessly to drive the Government
of that country to a declaration of
war upon Mexico; and that is merely
that the Roman Catholic "religion"
may secure a fresh strangle-hold upon a people who are making a courageous fight for religious freedom and
a decent educational system. That
part of the plot having failed for the
momeru:, they are working now to
bring about a rupture of the friendly ■
relations existing between Mexico and
Canada, and especially to prevent any
assistance reaching the former country in her struggle against oppression.
I ask every thinking man and woman to-decide what is the nature of the
power behind such devilish policies
and practices as these. Is it the power of Christ or of anti-Chrisf? .Unfortunately the average Protestant in
this country is indifferent and almost,
wholly-uninformed as to the real nature of that power; he is content to
go on his own way and leave 'the
other fellow' to do the same. He is
unsuspicious and temporarily non-
resisting. It is time that men and
women were awakened to the real condition of things. If religious and individual freedom is to be preserved
as a heritage for our children in this
land, the nation, must first be shown
the truth and then be roused to action.
In his insulting "Open Letter" to
the Premier of Canada this Bishop
describes those in authority in Mexico as a "gang of venal ruffians and
treacherous assassins who have displaced civilization by savagery, and
have destroyed the last vestige of civil and religious liberty in the Repub
lic of Mexico." He says that the Premier of Canada has "besmirched the
honor of 'Canada" and he characterizes Sir Henry's visit to Mexico as
"the most disgraceful, indecent and
indefensible episode in its whole history."
I state openly that every one of
those statements are lies; I state that
they constitute a ruffianly and slanderous attack upon the honor of every
Protestant man and woman in this
country, upon the honor of Canada
and upon the honor of her Chief Minister. The statements made of the
government in Mexico are wicked and
easily proven lies; they are the outcome of "religious" rancour and hatred, and are a calculated part of the
plot for Papal domination in this continent! For this man to speak as a
"Canadian citizen" is a mere hypocri-'
tical blind; he is a creature of Rome,
a vassal of the Head of the Hierarchy
of Evil and an enemy of truth, justice
and charity. It is time for one to
arise who is unafraid to declare the
truth; it is time that the people of
Canada refute the lie; it is time that
they once and for all .render impotent
this corrupt - and iniquitous political
system spreading like poison-weed
over the length and breadth of the
land, and masquerading under fhe
name and skirts of "religion."
(To be Continued)
The Ladies of the
Will Hold a
on the afternoon of
commencing at 2  p.m.
on the second floor of the
Total Proceeds
will be donated to
New Westminster .»   uiujiUTOK   SUPPLEMENT
London, Dec.—European Military
experts are watching with deep interest the efforts of the Russian Soviet Government to develop the use
of poison gas in warfare.
It is well known that under Trotsky's "Supreme Revolutionary War
Council," Russia made great efforts
to develop to the highest perfection
the use of gas for war purposes. The
aim of the war council was to combine the improvements of poison gas
with aerial navigation, which [also
was advocated by Trotsky, and thus
to create a war instrument of greatest efficiency for the Red Army—the
aero-chemical arm. Russian experts
have always held that gas attacks
from the air will be of the highest
importance in future wars, and they
also know that the success of gas
warfare depends largely on a highly
developed domestic industry organized in peace time. Great efforts have
therefore been made for some time
past to create industrial establishments of this kind throughout Rus-
Until recently the instruction of
th Red Army in the use of gas weapons and the defence against them was
given in special gas schools. Lately the system has been changed; the
soldiers are now instructed on special
manoeuvre fields. The theoretical
instruction methods have also been
changed to practical exercise in
"Chemical Training Camps" that are
now suited to the psychology of the
men. The principal point is that the
exercises are carried out with genuine
poison gases. Attacks with chloride
gas and the American "Adamsite"
alternate with the poisoning of whole
tracts with mustard gas, which today
is still considered "king of gases."
All of these poison gases are produced   by   Russain   chemists  in  the
laboratories  of universities  and factories.
The endeavor of' Bolshevist Russia is to demonstrate to the world
that the Communist Union is independent of the capitalist states as far
as production is concerned.
The' extent of the gas technical
training of the Red Army is disclosed by the report of M. Kolesnikoff,
who says in the special edition of the
Russion military magazine, "Voinai
Technica": "What is taught in the
army gas schools in three or four
hours, members of the Red Army
with a certain degree of intelligence
learn in forty or fifty minutes at the
chemical training camps."
Still higher value is placed on the
defence against gas weapons. This
defence is not restricted to military
circles, but extends to the population,
which is equipped with protective, appliances against gas attacks by foreign enemies: for Russia sees its two
centres, Leningrad and Moscow,
threatened by post-war development
with aeroplanes and believes that a
military conflict with the capitalist
European states, probably supported
by America, is inevitable sooner or
later. She consequently fears an
aero-chemical attack, to ward off
which the Russian Government is
taking greater precautions than ever
have been taken by any state in the
The civilian population is evidently to be equipped with an older type
of mask, probably the Selinski-Kum-
ant mask, which is no longer considered adequate for the army. The inhabitants of Moscow, Leningrad and
other large cities are at present being
equipped with the older model. The
price  per  mask  is  8  rubles,  which
Page Five
does not have to be paid in cash, it is
simply added to taxes and may be
paid in instalments. Gas masks today are considered a household necessity in Russia. As soon as all the inhabitants of a house are in possession
of the prescribed appliances a government official appears to give instructions for their use.
Some time ago, Professor Pavlov
pointed out that the protection of individuals against gas is insufficient
and that the state has the duty to
protect the entire civilian population
in the same way as the soldiers at
the front are protected. Professor
Pavlov elaborated his suggestion by
advocating a system which would
permit working men and other inhabitants to remain in their quarters,
even in zones poisoned by mustard
gas, by creating shelters that could
not be penetrated by the gas.
Elaborating on Pavlov's theories,
Koshevnikov makes still greater demands. He wants protection of residences against gas attacks and the
construction of subterranean district
shelters equipped with artificial suns,
but he considers even these measures
According to his ideas, cities in the
future will have .to be constructed
along new lines which must be laid
down and developed in conjunction
with the military authorities. His
plan comprises wide streets running
in the general direction of the wind,
small, square houses, low buildings,
many public squares, parks and lakes
and absolute prohibition of American building methods, that is of the
erection of skyscrapers. Old buildings that are destroyed by fire or .
torn down must not be reconstructed
and thickly populated districts with
narrow streets are to be destroyed as
far as possible.
His most urgent demands are the
construction of subterranean food
magazines, power stations and hospi
tals and the building of gas-tight automobiles and railroad cars for the
transportation of the civilian population in case of an attack.
That these suggestions are well
considered plans and not fanciful
ideas of a few cranks is shown by
the fact that the experts of other European states have seriously begun
to study the -subject. After a German -
discussion of the Russian suggestions
by Dr. Hassilan had been published,
the military press of France, Britain
and Italy took up the matter. There
is no doubt that in all these countries
practical tests are in progress in the
direction pointed out by the Russians.
The sugg-estion has already been
made to build subterranean moving
picture theatres, which can be made
gas-tight in a moment and turned
into   district  shelters.
While no definite information is
obtainable, it may well be assumed
that the successes obtained are being-
kept secret. It has become known,
however, that the French Government
has ordered 15,000,000 gas masks for
the protection of the civilian population. These masks are to be furnished
before  1928.
Russia evidently already has progressed beyond the stage of preliminary experiments. Eyewitnesses report that in all Russian cities manoeuvres for the public are arranged every
Sunday on the military training and
sporting fields. The gas attack always plays the principal role in these
manoeuvres. The spectators are invited to put on their masks and enter
gas-filled chambers to test the appliances. School children, conducted by
their teachers, appear in gas masks,
and whole battalions of women and
girls in sporting costumes parade with
rifles and gas masks. The construction of the shelters advocated by Pavlov has been started everywhere.
From the "Vancouver Daily Province" of December 18th, 1927. Page Six
Anglo Catholics 62? Rome
By Rev. Wiiberforce Cooper, M.A.
"Vancouver Province, Feb. 5, 1928"
By L. Kentish-Rankin, M.A.
The ex-Cathedra effusion of the:
Rev W. Cooper, criticising a lecture
on the Prayer Book by Rev,.Mr. Williams, of W'esley Church, and profes- -
sedly written "in the interest of truth
and justice" confirms the adage that
"Truth is stranger than fiction." From
"behind the scenes" he offers to give
the public "the facts."
He starts badly in saying:
(a) "The matter is one in which
neither Mr. Williams nor 'his associates' is in any way concerned;" and he
ends on an equally false note in stating "the measure was rejected by a
mass of- people who had no sort of
connection with the Church of England" nor "any logical right to vote
upon it." The C. of E., as embodying
"the Protestant Religion established
by Law," is an integral part of the.
Constitution, whence the Supremacy
of King and Parliament in Church
government, doctrine and discipline.
It is a National Church, M.P.'s and
parishioners have not only logical but
legal connection with the Church and
the right to vote in Parliament on
matters affecting it. All M.P.'s—Ag--
nostic, Atheist, Bolshevik, Catholic,
Jew, Jesuit, Hindu, Christian Scientists, Spiritists, Theosophists, have
this right. Every member of the Empire of the World is concerned in a national institution which preserves
"truth and justice, religion and piety"
against an alien corporation ' stereotyped in reaction, superstition and despotism. Even the "Church Review"
(April, 1889) said: "We would much
rather trust to the decision of the
Bench of Judges than to that of the
Bishops." The C. of E- is not yet
the pocket borough nor the trade
union which  an unspiritual  "Spirit
ualty" aims to make it. It is surprising that Mr. Cooper is so ill-informed upon this point. He omits
to state that Sir H. Slesser is a member of the English Church Union
(E.C.U.) ; while G. Lansbury, who
also voted for the measure, is a Thed-
sophist and a Communist.
Archbishop Davidson, in moving
the P.  B,  R.  Measure on December
■ 12th declared: "Every member of this
House' has, in my view, his absolute
- RIGHT to VOTE freely upon a matter of this.kind; and it would be impertinence on,my part to suggest anything else." Is it less'such on Mr.
Cooper's part ? Anyone familiar with
the "Catholic Revival" or Anglo-Catholic conspiracy knows that its members while at first professing deference to authority,—that of "primitive
practice," of "general consent (Quod
semper, etc."), of the Bishops, of the
King's (Queen's) Courts,—have later
repudiated all authority but their own
"private judgment" and have become
a law unto themselves ; the movement
now being a cynically lawless, (anarchical, "go as you please" revolt, defiant of all- authority, of all rights but
their own self-will. As deposed Lord
Halifax .on June 27, 1889: "What has
-the Church to do with'Acts of Parliament . . . ? If Acts of Parliament and
Secular Tribunals interfere with the
Church's Doctrine and Ritual such in-
terference will be disregarded in the
future as in the past."
Lord Chief Justice Cockburn declared (March 8, 1879) : "As an institution endowed and maintained by the
State the Church exists for the benefit
of the LAITY. One of their most
sacred rights is infringed when driven to abandon their churches by a ritual which is not that of the Church."
The British people do not admit the
Anglo-Catholic claims that (1) "Our
Church is the English body of Bishops and Priests." (Church and World,
p. 66) ; (2) "Convocation" reformed
"would be a true Church of England
. . ' representing the Spiritualty . .
(!) (E. L. Blenkifisopp "Church Reform," 1'873, p. 66) ; nor (3) "The
Catholic Church has never permitted
the Laity to have a voice in determining the Articles of the Faith, or in
settling the -Discipline of the Church
. . . these are rights conferred upon
the Apostles and their successors"
(?) "the bishops and priests."
("Church Review," Dec. 4, 1885)
Which means, as said the Rev. Luke
Rivington,: "The only office of the
Laity is to listen and obey."
If Mr. Cooper can substantiate these
assertions he would be worthy of the
Papal chair.
This disfranchisement and excommunication of the Laity is sheer usurpation, as the Establishment includes
Laity de jure and de facto, as per Articles XIX and XXII. It is also un-
scriptural,' Apostolic teaching being
"We preach not ourselves, but ourselves your SERVANTS," a precedent followed in Article XXIII. Under
Art; XIX. the churchmanship of
Anglo-Catholic clerics might well be
challenged, for they are not "faithful men," but disloyal, heretical as to
the formularies, practice and law of
of the National Church, schismatical
as causing divisions and seeking reunion with the Roman ' and Greek
Courts, disobeying the Bishops and
churches, and rebellious, as denying
the Royal Supremacy,, defying the
breaking their Ordination pledges.-
, Will Mr. Cooper tell us by what
"right," civil- or religious, "Catholic"
(International) churchmen take the
pay of a Protestant National Church
and teach Romish doctrine? Also
what "end" proposed by our Lord
justifies the use of such "Means?"
Anglo-Catholics tell us they are
"Successors of the Apostles." If so
it can only be of Peter—rebuked by
Christ as "Satan" (Mark B: 33)—
who thrice denied his Lord; or Judas,
who betrayed Him with' a kiss, and
that for money. Even these weaklings repented ; but I have never heard
of an Anglo-Catholic doing so, except
and until he had "gone over" to Rome,
repented and come back.
(b) "Anglo-Catholic progress" has
met  with  "opposition  amounting  to
persecution,"    also    "misrepresentation."   Were this true, he should not
complain, since his model,  Rome, is
a conscientious advocate of persecu-
.   tion; its Bishops swearing to persecute heretics, the Inquisition and several sodalities existing for that purpose, and its  recognized theologians
acclaiming it today.    No  "misrepresentation" of Angio-Catholicism  cam
equal its misrepresentation of Christianity as revealed in Scripture and as
set forth in the C. of E's formularies.
Pusey,  Newman,  H.   Froude,  Keble,
W. G. Ward, etc., habitually and designedly practised misrepresentation,
"development"    of    doctrine,    "economy" or reserve in speaking, as propaganda tactics.   The "truth" is that,
like Ishmael and Hagar, the Anglo-
Catholics  have  persecuted  the  legal
Protestant tenants  of the Establishment.    Moreover they approved and
still approve of "persecution." In 1863
Dr. Pusey said:  "Prosecution is not
persecution.    It would be an evil day
when it should be recognized that to
appeal to . . .justice is to contravene
truth and justice."    So the "Church
Review"   (Feb. 21,  1863, p'  183):—
"Dark will be the gloom .  . . when
there shall not be . . . any who will
have the moral courage to bring before the Courts . . . those who are en- ,
gaged in poisoning the' streams of religious knowledge- at their very fountain  head."    Again,   (June   1861,  p.
103) : "How can a Bishop be 'ready'
(as he is under so solemn a vow to
be) 'to banish and drive away all erroneous   doctrine  contrary  to   God's
Word' if be will not use the means
which the Law provides for making
an example of a disobedient Cleric"
—(Sept. 1861. p. 166) : "of those who
have so evidently falsified the solemn
professions of faith which they severally  made   when   admitted   to   Holy
Orders?" (June 1861. p. 103):    "To
silence the teacher of heresy is  the
plain  duty of the Church's govern-
I urs-" (Jan. 31, 18-63, p. 113). Even
the E.C.U. declared: "The desire of
the Union is to defend the Ritual law
of the C. of E. The only method of
ascertaining it must be found In the
Courts of Law:" (Circular, Dec. 1866,
p. 256-). "Whatever the Courts of
Law should decide the Union would
of course be bound by." (ibid p. 11).
In May, 1869 the E.C.U. Council offered the Archbishop of York £500
toward the prosecution of Rev. C
Voysey, thus admitting the principle
of prosecution and the authority of
the Courts in spiritual matters. Since
that day the Clerics have defied the
Bishops, disobeyed the ascertained
Law and denounced the Courts in unstinted terms; while the Bishops-have
vetoed prosecutions—"the rule established being whether it would be good
for the Church (!) that the prosecutor should have the chance of getting
a judgment" (Church Times) ; "The
office of a Bishop being to protect
his clergy." (Bp. Stubbs, Oct. 1886)!
(c) "Anglo-Catholics do NOT advocate (a) a repudiation of the Reformation, and (b) a return to the doctrines . .. and the practices of Rome."
This is indeed stranger than fiction," for (a) Anglo-Catholicism by
its leading authorities has declared:
"It hates the Reformation and the Reformers more and more;" "we must
recede more and more from the principles of the Reformation;" "it utterly rejects and anathematizes the principles of Protestantism as a heresy;"
"as it begins with the utter repudiation of Protestantism, so it will stop
at nothing short of the restoration of
unity throughout Catholic Christendom ;" "the Reformers destroyed the
Worship of God and set up the Abomination of Desolation in its place;"
"they were a lot of unscrupulous cutthroats ;" "a set of miscreants who
carried their diabolical schemes
through by wholesale murder and sacrilege ;" "our OBJECT is unprotest-
■antize the National Church ;" "we are
contending for the extirpation of Pro
testant opinions and practices within
the Church and throughout all England." (This School claims to be
'Catholic' because they reject Protestantism." (Cardinal Manning, "Essays on Religion.")
(b) This statement involuntarily recalls W. G. Ward's advice:    "Make
yourself clear that you are justified
in deception, then lie like a trooper"
(!) "If Catholicism is ever to regain
possession of the Nation, it must be
over the ruins of the Establishment;"
(Westminster Gazette,  R.C.)—"It is
only through the English Church itself that England can be catholicized.
We have a   Church   to   unite   with
yours;    to    maintain    the    contrary
would be to give the lie to the central principle and motive of the whole
movement.    The centre  from  which
all our efforts radiate . .'.. is the English Church Union, which is the main
director and stay of the whole movement.    The  work  now going on  in
England is a carefully organized attempt to bring our Church and Country up to the full standard of Catholic Faith and practice and eventually
to plead for her union with you.   We
are one with you in Faith and have a
common foe to fight."   ("Union Review," 1867, pp. 410-12).   "Our whole
object is to restore the C.  of E'  to
what she was before   the    Reformation."     (Rev.  G.  Nugee).    Cardinal
Manning, Mons.    Capel,    Father   H.
Benson, and others have all said the
Anglo-Catholics are    doing    Rome's
work better than she could do it. The
Tablet    considered    "Ritualism    the
most powerful propaganda    for    the
(R.C.)   Church  which  England   has
yet seen."   (Jan. 1, 1881).   Essays on
Religion (1867) avowed: "The vision
we  have had has been that of the
wealthy Established Church of England . ■ . re-entering in one great body
the one Catholic family."    (p.    95).
Church Times: "The final aim . . .
is the Reunion of Christendom  and
the absorption of Dissent within the
(To be continued)
Page Seventeen
(Jihe Ifsertar
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III.   The Nature of Armageddon,
and How it will Begin.
The pouring out of the six vials
which have already been fulfilled,
although understood by the wise
in heart as manifestations ev the
wrath of God, have followed what
appeared to be the natural course
of events. There was no appearance,
of anything miraculous or supernatural, nothing that excluded
human agency. Reason, indeed,
would seem to suggest during the
agony of the Great War, that if
there were in heaven a loving
Heavenly Father ruling over the
affiairs of the sons of men, He
would never allow such carnage
unless He were moved to wrath
against the world. But no door in
heaven was visibly opened, no voice
spoke audibly from heaven, nothing happened to prevent even
the men who were suffering from
blaspheming the God of heaven,
or denying His existence.
The pouring out of the seventh
vial may be expected to follow
the same course as the other six.
The   three   unclean   spirits   like
frogs, those spirits o'f devils working miracles who are to delude
and deceive all nations, are not out
telling the world that they are
devils. The great world movements which they have initiated,
and which are heading up towards
Armageddon, are following what
appears to be the natural order of
things. Only the watchmen who
can answer the question "What of
the night'!" are able to discern the
fact that this particular "mystery
of iniquity doth already work."
The text indicates that the final
catastrophe will strike the world
with startling suddenness, "as a
thief." This is in accordance with
our Lord's warning—"When they
shall say 'Peace and safety,' then
sudden destruction cometh upon
them .... and they shall not
escape." It is noteworthy that it
is the leaders in these demon-
controlled movements—the soviet
government of Russia, the papal
see, and the demon-led movements
designated by the false prophet—
who are most forward in saying
"Peace and safety," prime movers
in urging disarmament jjgSm all
the governments of Christendom.
The measure in which they shall
accomplish their purpose to, their
own satisfaction, may be taken as
an indication of the nearness of
the "sudden destruction."
It should be noted by all Christians that Armageudon, when it
does begin, will be something entirely different from what the nations and their governments have
been preparing for. Armaments
accumulated b'y any nation or government will not avail it in that
day. No nation, mo matter how
.well armed against attack by other
nations, can possibly escape from
its share of the wrath of God Almighty. For this will not be a
battle of one nation against another, or of one league of nations
against another. It is to be the
battle of the Great Day of God Page Eighteen
THE  Bisector
Almigbty. And it is a solemn fact
that as the Germans before the
Great War were said to have been
drinking toasts to "The Day," so
each of the parties to the coming
conflict is looking forward to what
they each conceive to be their Day.
Each of the three devil-controlled
movements is bracing itself, consciously or unconsciously, for The
Day when it can throw down an
open challenge, directly or indirectly, to God Almighty. And God
Himself also has His plans prepared for The Day. The bolshe-
vist, communist, atheist movement is planning its attack on
Capital, or on the "capitalistic
system," including therein all who
defend ownership of property, the
sanctity of the family, and in a
word all the rules that govern life
in accordance with the Ten Commandments. It is laying its plans
for The Day when it can strike
simultaneously in every city in the
civilised world. Its "World Revolution" is intended to eliminate
| Capital by a wholesale murder of
""capitalists" everywhere; and as
itaregards the Christian Church
as theNEQainstay of the "capitalistic
system," 8-r in other words, the
protector of property rights, its
attack is intended to be directed
also against the Church and all
who profess the Christian religion. The Romish hierarchy is
planning the extirpation of "heresy" by the extermination of the
"heretics." It also is looking forward to The Day when it can repeat the Massacre of St. Bartholomew on a world-wide scale, when
it can restore the Unity of the
Church by a wholesale murder of
all Who persist In remaining outside of its pale. It has never repented of its murders any more
than of its fornications, and when
its plans are complete for striking
simultaneously in every quarter of
the globe, it hopes once more to
"wade through slaughter to
the Throne" of spiritual and tem
poral supremacy over the world.
The third power, the spurious evangelism of the false prophet favourable to the pretensions of
Rome, though it may for the time
being think itself incapable of
harbouring even a thought of murder in its heart, will probably
become so incensed at what it conceives to be the "narrowness"
and "bigotry" of God's true and
faithful servants, who refuse to
follow it in its God-dishonouring
career, that it also will consider
that in wiping them off the face
of the eartb it will be doing God
These three will in all probability strike almost at the same
moment. It is impossible to tell
Which will open the ball, but the
moment Communism strikes ai
Capital, Romanism will deem the
time opportune for striking the
long-awaited blow at Protestantism!; or, if Rome, should strike
first. Communism will at once decide that the hour has come for
carrying out its plans. And there
will immediately be a tremendous cleavage in the ranks of Protestantism itself, the followers of
the false prophet joining with the
other two in their attack on tne
true followers of Christ.
It wouJd seem as if the followers of Christ would have about
the same chance as a fly on an
anvil, before such a combined onslaught as this. But the enemies
are not fighting against men, but
against God. That is the peculiarity of Armageddon. The embattled hosts are not bent so much
upon destroying any one nation,
as they are upon obliterating from
the earth the knowledge of the
true God. Statesmen might have
some hope of making war a thing
of" the past, if they had only to
consider the causes that might
lead to war as between ome government and another; but when
within each nation there are men
Page  Nineteeii
plotting for the destruction of
their fellow-citizens, the opening of
the flood-gates of such insanity
will reduce all governments to
utter helplessness; and the best
statesmen of today know it. They
are more afraid of a rising of the
"reds" than of any hypothetical
war scare as between one nation
and another.
Armageddon   is  given   as  the
name of the place where the final
conflict is to take place.   This is
usually   taken   to   mean   literally
"the Hill of Megiddo," where king
Josiah   was   slain   by   Pharaoh-
Necho of Egypt.   It is not impossible that there may be a gathering in the vicinity of Jerusalem
such as some are looking for, but
in view   of the   symbolic   use of
place    names     throughout    this
Book, I would judge it unsafe to
lay very much stress upon the literal meaning of the name.    As
Babylon,  Jerusalem,  Sodom,  and
Egypt have in the Apocalypse a
symbolic   meaning,   it   would   be
well to look at what the metaphorical interpretation of Armageddon
might convey to the Christian. The
battle of Megiddo was the darkest
day in the history of Israel.   Josiah was the last God-fearing- king
of Judah, and   he   lost his   life
through   meddling   in   a   quarrel
that did not belong to him.   Assyria—forerunner of Babylon and
prototype of the modern Babylon
—had taken away into captivity
ten of the tribes of Israel, and Josiah had no excuse for going out
of his way to show friendship to
such a power.  The king of Egypt
—a heathen power and probably
& type of modern communism—
believed that he had a Divine commission to go up to Euphrates to
war against Assyria.   Josiah's interference   turned   this   war between  two   great  powers   into a
three-cornered fight—type of the
final   Armageddon—with    disastrous results for Josiah hjmsejf,
Necho   told   him plainly—"What
have I to do with thee, thou king
of   Judah?    I   have   come   not
against thee this day, but against
the house wherewith I have war:
for God commanded me to make
haste: forebear thee from meddling with God, who is with me.
that   He   destroy   thee not."  (II
Chron. 35:   21).    The  ostensible
quarrel of communism is not with
the real teaching and example of
Jesus Christ: it is with a spurious
form of Christianity which has led
the bulk of Christendom into captivity, and which under the name
of religion promotes poverty and
ignorance among the laity, while
its   clergy   revel   in   luxury   and
loose living.    The true Christian
might well leave these two to settle
their quarrel between themselves,
following the advice of Isaiah (ch.
26:20)   "Come, my people,  enter
thou into thy chambers, and shut
thy doors about thee: hide thyself as it were for a little moment,
until the indignation be overpast."
The divinely taught followers of
the Lamb will be hidden as it were
in the hollow of His Hand: their
very  poverty  and   insignificance
will secure them to a large extent
from molestation.   But those who
are misled by the "false prophet"
will take up arms in defence of
"the Church," to their own confusion.
The seventh vial is to be poured
out into the AIR. This is the first
mention we have in Scripture of
any judgment of God upon the air,
and it is one of the most significant words in the whole Bible,
were it only as an evidence of Divine Inspiration. Only within the
last twenty years or so has war in
the air become possible. For eighteen centuries after the time of
the Apostles such a thing was not
even dreamed of. But what rapid
strides have been made in these
last days towards the fulfilment of
this prophecy! The devil is called Page  Twenty
in Scripture "the prince of the
power of the air;" but what the ■
power of the air was, or how helpless the human race was against
it, was utterly unknown and un-
guessed till within the last generation. Now, with airplanes, radio, television, ultraviolet rays,
poison gasses, disease germs, hypnotism, telepathy, and other mysterious' influences invisible to the
human eye, coming for the first
time under the control of man, the
stage is being set for the conflict
in which such forces will be
brought into play as would, except for the Divine restraint—the
shortening of the days—speedily
exterminate the whole human race.
The pouring out of the vial will
lead — after some preliminary
"thunders and lightnings," i.e.,
fulminations and anathemas from
Rqme and elsewhere — to "an
earthquke," that is, a World Revolution, resolving itself, as we
have seen, into a three-cornered
fight—"the city (Christendom as
a whole) was divided into three
parts," and this again will lead to
the coifepse of all governments-—
"the Cities of, the nations fell,"
then, on a world-wide scale, will
come'God's judgment on the Romish apostasy — "great Babylon
came in remembrance before God,
to give unto her the cup of the
wine of the fierceness of His
wrath." The scenes of the French
Revolution will toe enacted over
again. Paris, whose streets ran
with blood as the Protestants were
murdered on St. Bartholomew's
Day in 1572, witnessed, after an
interval of more than two hundred years, the very same scenes
when the oppressed and torutalised
people rose and turned their insane fury upon the leaders of
Church and State- Rome then
drank from the same cup which
she had formerly poured out for
others. In Armageddon, in the
same way, the fury of demon-pos
sessed men will work out the purposes of the Almighty, and the ec-^
clesiastical system in which is
found the blood of saints, and of
prophets, and of all that were slain
upon the earth, will wring 'out
the bitter dregs of the cup of the
Divine wrath; and then, "immediately after the tribulation of
those days, shall appear the sign
of the Son of Man in heaven, when
He shall come to gather together
His saints and to set up His kingdom. ( Matt. 24:29-31).
(Continued from page 16)
Page Twenty-one
rag to the "Victoria Daily Times,"
in the Crystal Gardens at Victoria,
B. C, when some two thousand
spectators filled the great ball
room eager to see the unique ceremony.
In place of the customary decorations, the Fiery Cross, klan altar and Union Jack occupied the
place of honour, the ceremony being performed by an ordained
.Following the ceremony a banquet was held in the large banquet hall of the Garden, Rev. Dr.
Clem Davies presiding as toast-
master, when, following the King,
toasts were given to the Imperial
Council of the Klan and the guests
of the order.
The society columns of the press
are spared the task of describing
the gowns of the ladies in attendance at such ceremonies, the
white robe of the order being worn
by all taking part.
Fairview Florist
2604   GRAJTVIL.LB   ST.                        BAY. 532
Cut   Flowers-—Seeds—Plants,   Etc.
Specialties:   Wedding   Bouquets,   Funeral
.   .   rjesig-ns,   Wreaths  and - Sprays.
IX. What Became of the Ten
Shepherds or Herdsmen
I cannct claim to be the first
to identify the Hycsos or Shenherd
Kinq-s of Egypt and the Scythians
or Succothians as being ,one and
the same race. As far back •>'"- the
year 1816, George Stanley Paher,
who enjoyed no small retmtatioi
for learning in his day, published
in London in three volumes "The
Origin of Pagan Idolatry." in
which he deals with this remarkable race. But, with singular perversity, he. makes' them out to be.
th'e descendants of Cushthe son
of Ham, conceiving the ^urse oro-
nounced upon Ham, in the ninth
chapter of Genesis to be limited to
the posterity of Canaan, while b"
confers the sceptre of the world
on the warlike posterity of Cush...
Careful students either of the
Bible or of ethnolo"-v will not be
inclined to agree with him in this.
And so, if the race whose prowess
he describes in such; sweeping
terms is all of one stock.; then
whether the reader follows the
modern ethnologists in regarding
them as the family of Janhet. or
agrees with me in considering
them to be of Semitic and Hebrew
descent, he will at-least take excerption to Faber's classification of
them as the descendants of Ham.
Faber holds that "in Africa
they occupied the whole country
from the Thebais to the source of
the Nile and   Mountains   of   the
Moon, as well as the land of Egyot,
which was subjugated by a tribe
of pastoral Cushim from Unoer
India and Ethiooia. In Asia their
rule stretched from the banks of
the Indus to the Mediterranean
Sea; while, migrating northwards,
thev covered Touran (Tartarv)
with an unmixed race, under the
name of Souths'of Scyths. These
we-re the Celtn-Scuths of the West,
and the Indo-Scuths of the East." i
—-"This eMerrvrisinq- neonle. who
bv a singular fate, hsve ever been,
at different oeriods, the enrrunters
and the reformers, the disturbers
and the civilisers. of the worjw
were known by various names,
either-general to the whole, or oar-
ticular to certain divisions. They
were called Souths Chusas. Cha-
sas. Cisseans. Cosseans, Ooths,
Ghauts, and Goths, from their
ereat ancestor Cush; whose name
they pronounced Cusha, Chusa,
Ghoda. Chasa, Chasya. or Cas-
sius. Thev were stvled Palli. Bali,
Bhils, Philistim. Balistim, Bolgs,
or Belgae, from their occupation;
for the term denotes sheoherds.
And they were partiallv denominated Phanakim or Phoenicians,
and Huc-ifeos or Shepherd-kings,
from their claiming to be a roval
race; Sacas, Sacras, Sacasens, Sa-
chim, Suchim, Saxe, or Saxons,
from their god Saca or Sacya:
Budins or Wudins, from their end
Buddha or Woden; Teuts or Teutons, from their god Tuet or Taut;
and Germans or Sarmans, from
their god Saman or Sarman. and
bis ministers the Samsneans or
Sfrmaneans or Germansnns, as
they are indifferently called according to a varied pronunciation
of the same word."
From this remarkable, effusion, Page Twenty-two
we may select a few pomfs to be
writer resognises this unique race
—whoever they are—as "the corrupters and the reformers, the disturbers and the civilisers, of the
world." It appears to me unthinkable, from a Scriptural point
of view, that this distinction
should belong to the descendants
of Ham. Faber seems to have
been misled by the fact that the
original builder of Babylon was
Nimrod, who of course was of the
family of Ham; but from the very
dawn of history the city and province of Babylon are found in the
hands of the Chaldeans, who,
whether they derived their name,
as I suggested in an earlier chapter, from Peleg, or as Josephus
holds, from Arphaxad the eldest
son of Shem—whence the Hebrew
form Chas.lim—were undoubtedly of Semitij origin.
I hav-a already dealt with ihe derivation of. the name Souths and
its allied foirps; I consider that
Faber is entirely astray on this
point. It came as a nleasant surprise to me, however, to find that
he had hit upon what I had long
regarded as the correct derivation
of the name BM't or Belga".. w:th
which I shall deal presently; Celtic writers appear to have been
completely at sea as to the meaning /of this term, and I have
watched in vain for years for any
one of them to suggest that it denoted shepherd's. It may be equally gratifying to British-Israelites
to find that this scholar, who is
anything but a, British-Israelite
himself, while he derives the
name Bolgs from the occupation
of this race, derives Saxon and its
allied terms from the name of
their god Sacya, for this race, like
many others, lapsed into polytheism through a form of ancestor-
worship, a deification of its sainls
and heroes; and the admission
that Sacya was one of their gods
is equivalent to an admission that
he was one of the ancestors of
the race, which is not far from an
admission that they are the children of Isaac. If he had not blindly accepted the current derivation
of Hycsos, borrowed from Man-
etho, he might have guessed that
it came from the same source.
To return then to the name
Shepherds or Herdsmen as a probable appellation of the Ten Tribes:
I would first of all dismiss the
name Philistim or Palistim with
its derivatives, which Faber has
mentioned in the same class with
Bolgs or Belgae, as meaning shepherds. The Philistines undoubtedly were shepherds to some extent;
but although Faber's statement
has been repeated by rote by
many scientists and pseudo-scientists since his time, 1 am not aware
that there is any evidence that
the name "Philistim" ever had
the meaning of "shepherds." The
Philistines were a Hamitic race,
and although there may be a wide
divergence of opinion as to whether the Bolgs or Belgae were of
Semitic or of Japhetic origin,
there is pretty general agreement
now that whatever they were, they
were net Hamitic. My impression is that the names "Philistim"
and "Belgae" have no connection
with each other. If there is any
connection, it must be of the remotest kind,
The oldest name for a shepherd
in the Hebrew language Is ro'eo
Ison (a watcher of a flock); but
ef this I do not find any trace in
the later languages, unless we accept the British-Israel theory that
the English word son is derived
from tson, on the same analogy
as the word kid (properly the
young of a goat) which we so
often hear used in modern English .- to denote a child. It is not a
veiy far-fetched supposition that
as an English mother uses the
word kids or, more endearingly,
Page Twenty-three
Iambs, to denote her little ones, so
the Hebrew mother may have
used teen (flock) to signify her
offspring. , But this opens up a
field which I must resist the temptation to enter.
The common name in Hebrew
for larger cattle is baker. I remarked in a former chapter that
the Celtic languages were more
given to metathesis than any other
language in Europe with the possible exception of Greek. The Hebrews also had quite a weakness
in this direction. By metathesis
bakar would naturally become
barak, and the natural interchange
of the liquids 1, in, r, would make
this tend to become balak. Thus
the change from bakar, cattle, to
balak, toalag, babg, or bolg, follows rules which are familiar to
every philologist.
The word bolg was used by the
people who applied it to them-
sedves, in a way that showed
plainly that it indicated their
trade or occupation. Thus the
Scythians or Succothians (tent-
dwellers) who crossed to the western shore of the Black Sea referred to themselves as Bolgars,
the suffix—ar—indicating a person whose trade was about bolg,
The£e gave their to Bulgaria, and to the Balkans. They
had no connection with the Sclavonic race who now inhabit Bulgaria, and who hay§ pome to be.
known fn that way as "Bulgars "
though the name, so far as the.y
&re concerned, is a misnomer,
When these same Bolgars from the
Balkans migrated to the shores
of Ireland, they introduced them-
selves as Fir-Bolg (men of bolg)
—the Gaelic fear, pi. fir (a man),
akin to Latin vir, pi. viri, being
the Sanskrit form which has travelled from the banks of the Euphrates to Scotland and Ireland
without any change.
Bolg in Gaelic has only one
meaning; it means a skin inflated
with air or gas; it is used of a
windbag, or generally any distended skin. This has" led to some
amusing surmises as to who the
Fir Bolg were, and why they were
so called. Mr. W. C. Mackenzie
("The Races of Ireland and Scotland") enumerates several theories
to account for the name—Keat-
ings' explanation that they had
been enslaved by the Greeks and
forced to carry clay in bags to
make soil in barren places, and so
were called "bag-men;;" another
theory that on account of their
size they were known as "paunch-
bellies ;" and others even more extraordinary. He gives his own
surmise that "bolg" mav have
been used in a secondary sense to
mean a bay or inlet, and that on
account of their settling around
the many bays on thcT'coast of
Connaught they were known as
"bay-men," the name being thus
the equivalent of the Norse "viking." He leaves out of account
the fact that the Fir-Bolg were
so atiied long before they saw the
coast of Ireland. The bays of
Connaught cannot explain the
name of Bulgaria or of the Balkans.
The connection between the primary and the secondary meaning
r.f the word bolg, though it seems
to have eluded these searchers, is
exceedingly simple. When the Ten
Tribes went into the country of
the Medes, and north Into Arme^
nia, and there took up their former occupation as herdsmen, they
found a ready sale for the hides
pf their cattle, which were valuable
for one particular purpose. This
is best described in the words of
Mr. Bailhe Fraser. ("Mesopotamia -and Assyria"), when pictur-
izing the great trade routes of
Babylon when in the height of its
"But the commerce   with Ar- Page   Twenty-four
Page Twenty-live
menia was chiefly maintained by
the river Euphrates on rafts of
timber bound upon inflated hides,
or in rude boats. These were loaded with wine and other produce
of the country, and when they
reached Babylon were sold, together with the commodities which
they conveyed, the force of the
stream rendering it impossible for
them to return up the river. The
owners, however, carefully preserved the skins, which were
folded upon asses or mules, and
carried back by land. This traffic
is described as having been prosecuted to a groat extent."
Here we see the skins of the
cattle sewn up just as a goatskin
is sewn up in the east today to be
used as a waterbottle; but for a
different purpose. From the care
vwith which the skins were preserved, and carried back many
hundreds trf miles by land, we may
estimate the value put upon these
prepared hicteS.v The size of a raft
would be reckoned by the number
of hides that went ihTxthe making of" it, each bolg or ^head of
cattle forming a separate ""bsjkvrn
or float. Thrs the transference ~>t
the name bclr from the animal itself to the inflated hide was both
easy and natural.
It is probable that some of these
Israelitish herdsmen were not
content merely to dispose of the
hides in their raw condition, but
took in hand the dressing of them
and building of the rafts with
which this river commerce was
carried on. Some of them again
would go further—as there is seldom a boat-builder's family which
does not produce at least one sailor—and set out upon the voyage
to Babylon themselves. From
what we know of the commercial
instincts of the Jew, and his place
in international trade, we might
consider it not improbable that a
great part of this river commerce
fell into the hands of the Israelitish exiles,    The hardy loggers
who risk life and limb in navigating booms of logs through the
rapids of our Canadian rivers,
might well claim kinship with
those Israelites who negotiated the
rapids of the Euphrates on rafts
of inflated hides. These were the
true Fir-Bolg in the moaern Gaelic
meaning of the word, and Mr. Mackenzie was nearer the truth than
he knew in making it synonymous
with the Norse "viking." The
spirit of adventure ftitist h vo b° i
strongly developed in thene Fir-
Bolg, End when we read of tin
Medes being awakened to national
consciousness and encourage! to
attack first Nineveh and then
Babylon, almost simultaneously
with a great movement of Scythians to the north of Media, we can
guecs that the Fir-Bolg who carried on the trade up and down
the Euphrates would be among
the prime instigators and participants in such an attack.
When the Scythians began to
move westward through Europe,
they came in contact with nations
who did not understand the meaning of the word bolg. They then
.found it necessary ' > translate the
name Ealgars or Fir-Bolg into the
language most commonly understood in Western Europe. From
the Latin pecus, a head of cattle,
these Herdsmen came to be called
Pechts, or Picts, and Pecards or
Picards. This word also has been
grievously misunderstood. The
controversies that have raged,
around both the meaning of the
word Pict and the identity of the
Picts, are so intricate, and at the
same time so interesting and important, that I must go into them
in some detail. And yet a great
part of these controversies might
have been avoided had the disputants but recognised, as I hope to
show, that in their various connotations Pict and Picard are but
an exact translation of Bolgar or
(To Be Continued)
The Douay Bible
"Commander in  Chief, 6. Q. G. A.
Army of the Allies. 24th  July, 1918
"New  York  Bible  Society
"The best preparation that you can give
to an American soldier going into battle
to sustain his magnificient ideal and his
faith  is certainly the Bible.
F.  FOCH,  Marshal."
The editor of the "Canadian Freeman" (R.C.) is very angry because the
Prince of Wales did not present a
Roman Catholic Bible to the Memorial Hall of the Peace Tower in the
Parliament buildings at Ottawa, instead of a corrupt English version
of the Word of God.
In his wrath he says: "We cannot
see why this attempt should be made
to foist upon Canada a corrupt English version of the Word of God, and
to have our government enshrine it
as something sacred. A good percentage of the people of Canada are
Catholics, and respect and venerate
the true Bible as the Word of God:
but they protest against our Parliament Buildings being used as a repository for a Bible which has been falsi1
fied by men."
Now, after reading the above diatribe I am forced to come to the conclusion that the editor of the "Freeman," Roman catholic priest though
he be, is culpably ignorant as to which
of the two translations is the correct
one; or, if he knows the truth, is deliberately attempting to mislead his
readers. To prove this assertion it is
not necessary to delve into Protestant authorities, because there is ample
data to be had from Roman catholic
sources; and seeing that we have unimpeachable evidence of this character, I embody some specimens of it in
this article. And I challenge the editor of the "Freeman," after an unprejudiced reading of the authorities I
am about to quote, to defend the abuses contained in the Douay Bible
against the charges laid by leading
divines in his own church.
In regard to the King James version of the Scriptures, which is declared by the "Freeman" to be a corruption of the Bible, Rev. F. W. Faber,
a leading Roman catholic of a past
generation, has this to say:
Roman Catholic Tribute
"It lives in the ear like a music that
can never be forgotten. Its felicities
seem often to be almost things rather
than words. It is part of the national
mind, and the anchor of the national
seriousness. The memory of the dead
passes into it. The potent memories
of childhood are stereotyped in its
phrases. It is the representative of
a man's best moments. All that there
has been about him of soft and gentle
and pure and penitent and good, speak
to him forever out of his English
Bible." (Editorial, Var-rouver "Sun"
Aug. 13,  1921).
That is the tribute of a Roman
catholic priest -and an English gentleman to the King James version of
the Scriptures; and it is not less true
and striking than the following commendatory statement from the late
Cardinal Gibbons to the editor of the
Yale Review, written January 10th,
1920: "I am happy to see an interest taken in the Scriptures. Up to .
seventy-five years ago the public men
of our country seemed to have been
saturated with the Bible. They were
familiar with its contents, and quoted
freely text after text. Among many
others, Mr. Webster seemed to have
at his fingers' ends the words of this
inspired Book. I remember to have
counted in the pleading of Mr. Webster, counsel in the Girard Will Case,
no less than fourteen quotations from
or allusions to Scripture. Apart from
its inspirational character, the Bible
still remains the one means of culture."
One might infer from the late Cardinal's remarks that when the Protestant version of the Scriptures was
good for a lawyer, it would be equal- .. a&e    a. wuut^-BU
ly   good   as   a   refining   influence   for
some of our editors.
Seeing that the editor of the "Freeman" appears to be so fearfully ignorant of the Roman catholic Bible,
which meets with his respect and veneration, I will discuss four propositions with him, confining myself to
Roman catholic authorities for proof.
Here they are:
1. The Roman catholic Bible is
misleading in its title "Douay."
2. ft is teeming with errors.
3. It has no authority of any value to a Romanist.
4. Any effort at revision will be a
long time coming and "no end of a
Title Misleading
The   Catholic   Dictionary,   second
sedition, has the following:
.."Douay Bible—A name commonly
given to the translation of the Holy
Scriptures current among English-
speaking catholics. The name is misleading, for, 'as we shall presently
see, the Bible wasvnot translated into
English at Douay, and '-only part of it
was published there, whilethe version
now in use has been so seriously altered that it can scarcely be considered identical with that which first went
by the name of the Douay Bible.
"Dr. Challoner, who revised the
Rheims and Douay text, made alterations so many and so considerable
that he may really be considered the
author of a new translation. Thus
there have been two editions of the
Old Testament, eight of the New, according to the original Douay and
Rheims versions. This version comes
to us with the recommendation of certain divines in the college and cathedral of Rheims and of the university -
of Douay. It never had any episcopal imprimatur, much less any papal
approbation." (The Catholic Dis-
tionary, second edition, 1893, pp. 303,
Altered Beyond Recognition
Cardinal Wiseman says:
"To call it any longer the Douay
or Rheimish is an abuse of terms. It
has been altered and modified, till
scarcely any verse remains as originally published." (Dublin Review,
April, 1837, page 470).
Wo End of a Job to Revise.
Cardinal Gasquet, who is at the
head of the Papal Commission for the
Revision of the Vulgate, said at the
Cambridge Roman Catholic Congress
in July, 1920, that:
"ft is no end of a job, and many a
time we wish we had never had anything to do with it, but it is necessary
Eor the honour of the Church." (Morning Post, July 20, 1920).
Blunders and Bad Grammar.
Father J. Herbert Williams says in
the Roman catholic "Dublin Review" :
"The Douay faithfully reproduces
the blunders of the Vulgate, and adds
.-to them as many, or more, blunders
of its own." (Dublin Review, Jan.
1922, page 49).
Father J. Freeland describes the
Vulgate as:—
"A monument of Vulgate L-atinity,
of partly Hebrew, partly Greek idiom,
and of bad grammar." (Catholic
Times, Sept. 29, 1899).
Dr. Cornelius Nary, Roman catholic priest of St. Michan's, Dublin, as
early as 1718 wrote:
... "The language of the Douay Bible ;
is so old, the words so obsolete, the
orthography so bad, the translation
so literal, that in a number of places
it is unintelligible." (Tracts, Theological and Ecclesiastical, 1895, page
411; Longman & Co., London).
Blunders Introduced by the Pope
The author of "The Pope and the
Council," "Janus," himself a Roman
catholic, and one of the most learned
men of his day, an associate of th'e
late Lord Acton and the Rt. Hon. W.
E. Gladstone, has the following to
say in. reference to the many pitfalls
which have beset the various versions
of the Bible at the hands of Roman
"After the papal claim to Infallibility had taken a more definite shape
at Rome, Sixtus V himself brought it
again into jeopardy by his edition of
Page Twenty-seven
the Bible. The Council of Trent had
pronounced St. Jerome's version authentic for the Western Church, but
there was no authentic edition of the
Latin Bible sanctioned by the Church.
Sixtus V undertook to provide one,
which appeared, garnished with the
stereotyped forms of anathema and
penal enactments. His Bull declared
that this edition, corrected by his own
hand, must be received and used by
everybody as the only true and genuine one, under pain of excommunication, every change, even of a single
word, being forbidden under anathema,
"But it soon appeared that it was
full of blunders, some two thousand
of them introduced by the Pope himself. It was said the Bible of Sixtus
V must be publicly prohibited. But
Bellarmine advised that the peril Sixtus had brought the Church into
should be hushed up as far as possible; all the copies were to be called
in, and the corrected Bible printed
anew, under the name of Sixtus V,
with a-statement in the preface that
the errors had crept in through the
fault of the compositors and the carelessness of others. Bellarmine himself was commissioned to give circulation to these lies, to which the new
Pope gave his name by composing
the Preface. In his Autobiography
this Jesuit and Cardinal congratulates himself on having thus requited
Sixtus with good for evil; for the
Pope had his great work on "Controversies" on the Index, because he had
not maintained the direct, but only
the indirect, dominion of the Pope
over the whole world. And now followed a fresh mishap. The Autobiography, which was kept in the archives
of the Roman Jesuits, got known in
Rome through several transcripts. On
this, Cardinal Azzolini urged that, as
Bellarmine had insulted three Popes
and exhibited two as liars, viz., Gregory Xf V and Clement VIII., his work
should be suppressed and burnt, and
the strictest secrecy inculcated about
it." (The Pope and the Council," pp.
62, 63; Rev. J. J. Dollinger, D.D.).
Absolute Downright Nonsense.
Lord Braye describes the Douay
version as "a bald and faulty translation," and adds: "The sacred text is
transformed into absolute downright
nonsense." ("The Present State of
the Church 'of Rome in England," paragraph VI.). Lord Braye, needless
to say, is a Roman catholic.
When His Royal Highness, the
Prince of Wales, presented a copy of
the King James version of the Holy
Scriptures to the people of Canada,
no doubt he was cognizant of its value as a superior translation, and wished it to be accepted as such.
The insincerity and hypocrisy of
Romish attacks on the Authorized or
any other version of the English Bible
is evident from their opinion of their
own translation. All nations are entitled to have the writings of th/*""
Apostles and Prophets given to them
in their own language, which they
can understand. The translations of
the King James version,, gave to the
English-speaking people a translation
which has never Wen improved upon.
Rome fears the English Bible, not because itjs,-a "corrupt" or a "falsified"
translation, but because it gives to its
readers the very teaching of the Apostles. Romish theologians admit that
with all her pretended respect for the
Word of God, and all her pretended
infallibility, their Church neither can
nor will give, to her people a translation which will enable them to read
for themselves in plain English what
the Apostles and Prophets have written. To their own people they admit
the falsity and corruption of their
own translation, and so discourage
their followers from reading it, while
they show undying hatred to any and
every other translation. Verily, they
have taken away the key of knowledge.
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Prop. Page  Twenty-eight
the bisector
Page Twenty-nine
Continuing the current and local history of preventive activity engaged
in combating the narcotic evil, as
found in the daily journals.
With this article we propose to continue to enumerate the various cases
which the local press records and
which therefore might logically have
been expected to result in a general
understanding of the wide-spread
character of the narcotic traffic.
'--x,And yet we feel that if the facts
weft; appreciated, indifference would
end, and public opinion would compel immediate and perhaps drastic
measures to secure control and eventual eliminationaxf the evil.
For a brief nineadays the public
learned something anuvdisplayed an
interest in the traffic as ttlexramifica-
tions were bared in the Partlow case,.
fn this case, Frank and Dominic Marino, Dominic Christophi, Le Cay Gim,
Wong Loy Fong, Lee Sing, a number
of other Mongols, and Paul Hackett,
a United States sea captain, were involved.
A large battery of criminal lawyers
was engaged, including Stuart Henderson, R. L. Maitland, A Dunbar
Taylor and Gordon Wismer. J. N.
Ellis appeared for the crown-
The method by which the famous
"Dynamite," the speed launch used by
this group of peddlers, was acquired
by them with the assistance of another prominent criminal lawyer often engaged in the defence of narcotic
offenders, at one point promised to
provide additional interest in the case.
Current comment during the period
the press was giving prominence to
the case, was caustic enough. But
how many persons, to-day, actually
remember the sequel to the case, or
know how it was disposed of?
fn August (1927), one James Wal-
dron was arrested in the joint known
as the Panama Hotel, Victoria. Far
back in the dim and dusty past, no
doubt, this place was conducted as an
hotel; now-a-days, however, it might
be more properly and less delicately
Such an occurrence would not, of
course, have been impossible, especi-
elly in a joint of this character—but
one fails to note any comprehensive
effort to progress from these petty
peddlers to the operators of the pools
—or better, cess-pools—which make
their efforts possible.
fn Toronto, the same month, one
Louis Goldberg, a young doctor of
.30 years, was arraigned for some 21
charges of violation of the Narcotic
Act in some form or other.
Later in the month it required a
squad of 40 Federal Agents armed
wit'JM:row-bars and axes to hew their
way into Newark's Chinatown—and
even with the preparation which the
raid called for and the precautions
taken to ensure success, $25,000.00
worth of opium, only was secured and
all but 16 Mongols escaped the net.
It was in this month (August), that
that pattern among Mongolian Canadians—Lim Jim, came so prominently to the attention of business men
in Vancouver as to move them, later,
to petition a learned judge for leniency on his behalf—with only temporary success—thanks to a Court of
In September, in the middle of the
month, the largest single seizure of
narcotics recorded in the port of Honolulu was made. It was the third
major seizure of the month. On the
2nd of September some $9,000.00 was
seized, on the 10th some $36,000.00
worth. The haul from the 'Ginyu
Maru,"   operated   by   the   Japanese
"Nippon Yusen Kaisha," included 384
tins of opium, valued at $174,000.00.
ft will be remembered that such
seizures involve a heavy fine, levied
proportionately to the amount of narcotics seized, which is imposed on the
owners of these vessels, and one may
be pardoned for wondering whether
they succeed in securing any considerable volume of legitimate freight
from the sources which make use of
them so steadily for illegitimate narcotic carrying, or whether they have
a large wardrobs piled with many
months of chanty, or whether ordinary ocean freight is not an exceedingly profitable business in view of the
apparent nonchalance with which
these frequent fines seem to be greeted.
We do not remember having noticed any segregation of such fines
on the Governmental reports, but having in mind the comparative frequency with which this sort of seizure is made at Pacific Ports, we are
beginning to feel some little curiosity
as to whether or not these fines are
paid promptly, and are not accumulating somewhat in the manner in
which "Dixie" state debts have done
since the American Civil War
Unless some of the admittedly brilliant lawyers who appear so consistently for the defence of the mongolian peddlers soon retire, we have
some slight fear that they may succeed at last in finding enough loopholes in the Narcotic Act as to make
of it a veritable sieve.
Hence we speak guardedly when
we say that unless some new interpretation is given, we shall have the
pleasure of saying good-bye to some
of the Mongolian peddlers who have
been caught in the tattered nets of
the law when we have ceased feeding
them up at the public expense in some
one or other of the great "hotels"
which the state maintains for this purpose.
Here's hoping, then, that when
Wong Yuen.has "done his bit" at our
expense, there will be nothing to prevent his journey to where the bones
of  his  sacred  ancestors  rest—on  a
one-way ticket. Wong was of some
little assistance to the authorities in
securing the arrest of the infamous
Lore Yip, and therefore will spend a
little time living as he never lived
in China—in our penitentiary—before
sailing home.
Towards the end of September,
Jang Ming, who from some inexplicable source dug up the surname of
"Phean," was intercepted in the ped-
ling of opium at Nanaimo.
in South Vancouver a few days
later four Mongols were caught •
"Smoking" at the Red Cedar Mills,
and the next day it was recorded that
Dr. Samuel Blumberger was involved
through his transactions with Jack
King, or Nostenoff, in which a couple
of "shots" of morphine were exchanged for money and a couple of dresses.
The doctor was censured.
In the following month cani£, the
Hamilton disclosures. It so .Vfappens
that the writer was in that/dry in the
month of October, and kn-ows the conditions complained <$f were by no
means overstated.
Young gsjffs of tender age, missing
from heme, were found later, under
the 'influence of drugs, in Wong
Chan's Chinese Cafe at Port Colburne.
Chan, of course, had disappeared.
When one particular girl had recovered sufficiently she was able to remember that she had at least made
the rounds in Brantford, Gait, Kitchener, St. Catherines, and Toronto.
Some faint conception of her condition may be guessed when it is remembered that for five hours after
being found she was unconscious and
then she knew neither the day nor the
date nor the month. This girl, mark
you, was under 16 years of age.
Fred Coates and his wife, of Hamilton, William Lenn and Wrong Mee-
han (how curious are some of these
monogloid names!) employees of the
departed chan, were arrested.
There has since been a great change
>, in the personnel of the forces of law
enforcement in Windsor, and it is to *
be hoped that definite steps to curb
the narcotic menace will speedily be
taken. JS C T O R
The relation of crime to narcoticism has been remarked. On October
11th, William Bonner, a pickpocket,
led Toronto Police a merry dance and
no mean race, including broad jumps
(over hen coops) and high jumps
(over fences and walls) before he was
caught. When searched a "hypo"
syringe was found On him.
A day later Louis Goldberg's case
was being disposed of. The doctor,
whose age and case were referred to
previously, had no idea how certain
marked money could be found on the
floor of his car after he had driven
Victor Dinelli—an addict to whom he
admitted furnishing morphine for
self administration—a short distance.
We are very surprised at the doctor.
In these days of aerial progress it
should have been perfectly obvious
the fledgling medico that the money nttjst have flown into the car.
BefoVf the month ended we were
furnishetTvith more evidence of the
utter unfitn« medical men to dispense narcotics except under the most
rigid system of contt&L
A certain Dr. D. W. Shield, of Toronto, who had practised in tha'sj'gpod
city" for years and who was saiat®~
be a ohvsician of high standing, was
fined $500.00 and costs on four counts
of infringement of the narcotic act.
Herb. Lennox acted as Shield's
counsel, and called in as expert witnesses a couple of other medicos, to
wit: Drs. W. D. Niddrie and J. S.
For many moons, two years in fact,
it had been a penal offence for medical men to supply drugs to an addict
for self-administration. These two
"experts" testified that they neither
of them knew this—that they had received no notification of this from
the various medical societies—one of
them stating that he had personally
enquired of several doctors, not one
of whom knew of this two-year old
enactment which so vitally concerned their profession.
Another 'Cess-pool" was uncovered
in this month down in peaceful Vermont. A wealthy Canadian (whose
name is, of course, withheld—one ad
vantage of wealth at least), had involved Oscar Mouvet, the proprietor
of the famous Hotel Madeline of Paris
and father, by the way, of the late
Maurice, the internationally known
The scheme was to purchase large
stocks of Persian opium, ship it to
Canada, and then smuggle it to the
States. Some 750 lbs. of such poium
was seized at St. Albans. Vermont,
at the time. The wealthy Canadian is
not. so far as we know at present.
"Living in residence" provided.
Returning to. Vancouver, we find
early in November, that the Mongol
Puock. aged 23 years, was apprehended for being in illegal possession of
Down the Coast, San Francisco officers make a seizure of 10.000 cases of
ooitim, valued at over $225,000,00,
This cess-pool ripnled to Seattle and
four-score Mongols were caught in
the toils.
It was about this time the Knomin-
tang partv issued an edict prohibiting
the smoking of opiuni; and. if recent
reports are authentic, succeeded in—
__ Wakabavashi. the Tap. who is now
serving his term of three vears. prior
to deposition ""'*a a compatriot, a
vonne waiter "-"ted Naksmura.. to
assist him. sold 48 o""~°s at n-:ie
and 16 ounces of morphine for $1600-
Unfortunatebr for Wakabavashi, he
sold the stuff to the wrone nartv. not
recornizine the "Mounties :" and this
fact out an end—for three years at
leaot—to his business.
These men were unauestioua.blv
able to have disclosed the identitv of
the 'hi°^her-iios" for.whom fhev operated, as well as the boat whicb had
been the carrier of the caro-o of which
the comparativelv small spizi11"e was a
part and wer^ strnrio-Pr reriWma.nded
pv Tndee Cayley for their failure to
do  so.
An effort to anneal to Tnd^e Cav'eV
rn^t a -Par more prnn^r receoti^" af his
hind' +h-"i one addrecoort tn ]\yTn fus-
tir° ^V A. Mn^dona1d in the race of
T t«n T.'ni. -.s his comment evidences.
Hesaid: "A jttuge who receives peti-
Page Thirty-one
tions for leniency should, I think,
advise the defence to submit them to
the Minister of Justice at Ottawa, ft
will be his responsibility, and not that
of the Judge.
This stricture, coming as it so happened a day or so after the petition
tor Lim Jim had made such an effect
on a judge in a superior court, evinced
to our mind, a fine sense of justice
and no little courage, and merits the
recognition of all good citizens.
Another group of yellow-men became entangled in those tattered nets
of enforcement to which I have referred, toward the end of November.
-Louie Tem earned three years for distributing, Young Kam, who pleaded
leniency because he claimed to be supporting his parents in China, received
a like sentence, while the maintenance
of Vancouver's agencies for law enforcement was assisted by the fact
that Lee Young, Chew, Gee Chang,
and Lee Jong forfeited bail of $50.00
each when arrested for smoking
opium in one of the many dens of
Pender Street East end. Lee Sow,
Ah Kok, and Lee .Sing, contributed
$25.00 each to the cause for frequent- .
ing this den and—incidentally-^for'-
failing- to frequent the Policie'Court.
Yong Kong, caught o . November
29th, was arfethes "Litterateur"—that
is, he found the magazine a useful
container for his morphine consignments.
In December the impetus of the
Christmas "Sniffing" and "Smoking"
parties brought about an apparent increase of official notice.
Jim Wilson was picked up in Point
Grey with both cocaine and morphine
for distribution.
A vessel which had apparently been
thoroughly searched while in Canadian waters, but without result, yielded 600, 5-tael tins at the first haul
in Seattle, and produced $63,000.00 before she left the- Puget Sound port;
indicating again, incidentally, what appears to be more or less a logical rule,
that is, that while the Empress boats
are the medium, largely, for the stuff
which is intended for the Canadian
Cess-pools, the Arntsfcan   pools    are
generally enriched by the advent of
the Blue Funnel liners. It might be
well to notice, here, that efforts to
secure the freedom of dope-peddlers
by no means cease when sentence is
pronounced—or while it is being served. As an instance of this, before
November was ushered out, a writ
of habeas corpus was refused by Chief
Justice Hunter for the discharge of
Yee Foo Dai. This man was convicted at Humboldt, Sask., and served
six months at Prince Albert. Mr. Justice Morrison had previously refused
a similar application. Efforts to prevent his deportation, however, continued to the last minute.
Early in December an attack was
made on the Narcotic Act by J. R.
Nicholson, an associate of J. H. Russell. The attack was made in the case /
of Lore Yip and Ichizo WakabayashV.
The latter received his conge, it will
be remembered, at the hands',©! Judge
Cayley. Yip at the hands of Magistrate Findlay. H. S.,Wood acted as
Crown Counsel, arvd it is refreshing
to note that the attack failed, the act
being- sustained. It is particularly
gratifying that it should have been
sustained in these two cases, for Lore
Yip's record surely "stank to high
heaven," and not as incense, while
Wakabayashi in one case, with a
motor truck as his cache, could deal
in $7 000 consignment, and ba ream in
smaller lots of a mere $1600 value
with the R.C.M.P.
Magistrate Shaw sent Lee Go and
Gulan Mohammed down for two vears
each on December 9th and Mr. Fong
and Joe Hung were fined $200.00 each
and elven 6 months hard labour for
beine in possession of opium in the
court presided over by Magistrate
Beaver-Potts of Nanaimo.
The Highland Church
400 Block. Eleventh Ave. F.
Rev. Duncan McDnuraJI. M.A.
P-AHUJO:   H:00   A.M.   AND   7:30   P.M.
3:00   p.m.—Bible   Studies   of   Evangelical
versi's   Romish   doctrine.
These Studies Will Interest Ton Page Thirty-two
(Continued from Page 8)
of others discounting agreements for
sale, transactions which are usually
credited to Jewish money-lenders, and
which require considerable sums of
ready cash; of others keeping a bank
account in Seattle or somewhere else
across the line; well, we must conclude
that they get a windfall from some
source in addition to their regular
salary. The magnificent mansion
purchased by Detective Imlah shortly before his dismissal was not the
only one that gave rise to caustic
comment. The files of the daily press
bear witness to the fact that when
Inspector McLaughlin went away on
holiday and Deputy Chief Leather-
V. dale took over his duties, a vigorous
"^series of raids was at once begun on
tke^ Chinese gambling dens, which
woufdNhave closed them all up in a
few weeks; but signals of distress
were sent 6iit_ from Chinatown, and
Inspector McLaughlin hurried back
to his post without waiting to finish
his holiday. The raids W« at once
stopped, and scarcely a singfeugsfsfet
ing den has been closed from that day
to this. This fact, so eloquent as to
conditions in. one department at least,
has been drawn attention to more
than once in the press. We are informed in this connection that when
Inspector McLaughlin moved out to
his new mansion on Wolfe Avenue,
the district was invaded by swarms
of Chinamen looking for his house.
Day after day thev came in a steady
stream, until people in the neighborhood reckoned that every denizen of
Chinatown had been made acquainted
with the house. People could not
help asking what business all these
Chinese had with the Inspector at his
private residence. These are among
the things that would bear looking into. Mayor Taylor says the public are
satisfied. We say the public are not
satisfied, and it would say very little
for their moral calibre if they were
satisfied. They know that there is
corruption  in high places,  and the
Police  Commission    cannot   but   be
aware of it.
Is the solution, then, to hand over
police administration to the Provincial
Police? No, certainly not. The record of the Provincial Police will be
looked into in another article, and if
will be seen that they have no stone
to throw at our city police force. In
several places in the province their
reputation has been completely blasted, and it will take a great deal more
than the lame explanations given by
the Attorney-General on the floor of
the legislature to rehabilitate them in
public esteem or confidence. No, the
people of Vancouver must do their
own house-cleaning, and they must
begin at the top, and see to it. when
another election comes round, that
they grasp the opportunity—the only
chance they have—of putting trustworthy men at the head of affairs.
The Toronto "Sentinel," organ of
the Orange Order, in common with
other newspapers which have printed
•Pope Pius IX's encyclical against
Church"Union "conversations." quotes
the Pope's "ivitation to the heretics
"Then, to the apostolic see which
was placed in this city that the prince
apostles, Peter and Paul, consecrated
with their blood, to the apostolic see
which is the root and matrix of the
Catholic Church, may the dissident
sons return."
But the Vancouver "Bulletin,"
Father O'Boyle's paper, and organ of
the Church of Rome in Western Canada, prints the sentence thus:
"Then, to the apostate see which
was placed in this city that the prince
apostles, Peter and Paul, consecrated
with their blood, to the apostilic see
which is the root and matrix of the
Catholic Church, may the dissident
sons return."
Father O'Boyle must be beginning
to see the light!
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All Milk Delivered Before Breakfast
060 EAST  16th AVE. L.  FISH,  Prop,
Quality Meats Only We Delirei
2545 MAIN ST. FAIK. :
ERNEST E. CARVER, Resident Manager
Fetherstonfcaugh & Co.
Patents and Tradtmarks
British   Empire  and   Foreign
Mirrors   Kesilvered
Automobile   Glass   Replaced
PHONE   SEY.   S«87
Halt  Block  West  of EAST
Granvile Opp.  Police Station
Sey.  6727 Sey. 9526
Cut this out and send, with remittance, to Mr. James Craig, Business Manager,
309 Cordova St. W., Vancouver, B. C.
I enclose $ herewith for subscriptions to the Bisector
for the following:
Address ...
Name  ,. -'■ ■*■ —	
Address -	
Name - -.	
A Bible training institute in active sympathy with all the
Evangelical    denominations.       MEN    and    WOMEN    are
"ffafned for work at home and abroad.
Evening   Classes   for  Those   Employed   During   the   Day
SUBJECTS—English   Bible,   Church   History,    Bible   Doctrine,    Exegesis,    Christian
Evidences, Bible Geography, Homiletics, Greek, Etc.
Principal: REV. W. ELLIS, M.A., 1601 Tenth Are. West
The Caledonian Press
Printers and Publishers
323 Cordova Street West
Phone Sey. 5850
Fiarron Brothers & Williamson
55-10th Ave. East
Fairmont 134
North Vancouver
122-6th St. West
North 134


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