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Vancouver Chinatown pamphlet Yip, Quene Aug 25, 1936

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  EtrcoKDaoQ
"&OQS& OF THE OR(£NT*
CHINESE   ANCIENT  ARTS
AND   OTHER   ORIENTAL   GOODS
Jade, Ivory, Amber Beads, Crystals,
Jewelry, Cloisonne, Brass Ware,
Lacquer Ware, Mandarin Lamps,
Lanterns, Jasmine Tea, Incense,
China Ware, Satsuma Ware, Teak-
wood Furniture, Embroideries, Silk'
Underwear, Slippers, Linens, Shawls,
Pyjamas,  Kimonas,  Tassels.
2   STORES:
629 Granville Street
104 Pender Street East
Vancouver. B.C.
The
Globe Fertilizer
Company Ltd.
LAWN AND GARDEN
FERTILIZERS
FREE  DEELIVERY.
Foot Cromfton Road
Fair. 1593 Fraser 99
WITH  THE  COMPLIMENTS OF
BUCKERFIELD'S LTD.
Manufacturers of
FERTILIZERS, FUNGICIDES.
"ROYAL SUPERIOR" INSECTICIDES,
HAY   GRAIN,  FLOUR and FEED.
O
Head Office and Mills: Ft. Rogers St. Vancouver
Phone High. 5400 	
—■	
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IP   .       I-^-11—=    .- —-.iqq
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Vancouver Chinatown
Specially Prepared for the
VANCOUVER GOLDEN JUBILEE
1886—1936
QUENE YIP
VANCOUVER,    B.C.
COPYRIGHT.    1936
Price, 25 Cents
1   PACIFIC PRINTERS, LIMITED '■4^ -I.j
. . . Greetings . . .
On behalf of the City of Vancouver it gives me great
pleasure to extend greetings to the Chinese community at the
commencement of our Golden Jubilee celebrations.  '
We are very proud of the work the Chinese have
done towards the establishment of a Chinese village for the
Jubilee and wish them every success in their endeavour.
Our festival of celebration is dedicated to the youth
of today and to the world peace. We celebrate because We
are proud of our record and because we have faith and
confidence in our future.
We welcome Chinese visitors to our Jubilee and trust
all may enjoy the festivities provided for their enjoyment.
Mi^hv*
<5%Za\}or of Vancouver
and Chairman Vancouver Jubilee
Committee. Good Wishes
Hon. Chunhow H. Pao
Chinese   Consul   General.   Vancouv
/ desire to extend my warmest congratulations
to the City of Vancouver on the attainment of Us
Golden Jubilee, with my heartiest wishes for Us
entire success.
Consul General for China,
Vancouver, 2?.G -■:^,-.
AM
essage o
fWel
come
On behalf of the Vancouver Qolden Jubilee Chinese
Carnival Board, it is our sincere desire to extend to all Jubilee
visitors a hearty welcome to our Chinese Carnival Village
which is to be opened on Saturday, /u/p IStb.
CHINESE CARNIVAL 30ARD
(Signed)
OFFICIALS.
Chairman,   Seto   More
Managing Director, Woo Shou
Treasurer, Yip Kew Him
Secretary, Peter Hem
Woo Shou
Yip Kew Him
Peter Hem
Seto More
K. S. Chan
Dong Jam Lung
Chap Leong
Lim Soon
Lee  Sing
Gee Jackman
Lee Hop Lee
Louie Gim Ham
COMMITTEE.
Seto Tip Yee
W. S. Chow
Chu Shunyew
Jimmie Wong
Wong Sing
Chong On Yew
Jung Jin Sow
Chung Get
Charlie Ting
Charlie  Suey
Joe Kamson
Seto Gock
Gibb Wing Yip
Lee R. Bick
W. M. June
Wong Chew Lap
James Y. Lim
Gordon Lim
Lim Ten Hing
H. J. Leong
Chong Dot
Charlie Poy
M. F. Gore
David Lee 	
« «   CONTENTS   »
Foreword    „-..-„•:;■  7
Size and Location   9
History     9
Population     11
Social Life   13
The Status of Chinese Women  15
Chinese   Marriages     17
Education    17
Religion   19
Hospitals     21
Sport   23
Occupations in Chinatown   25
The Chinese Consulate  25
The Chinese Benevolent Association  27
"Tong" Feuds   27
The Chinese Nationalist League   29
Chinese  Freemasonry    31
No Opium Dens   33
Chinese Oddities   33
Peculiarities of Chinese Consumptios of Liquid  35
Vancouver Chinese Juvenile Life   35
Chinese Foods   37
Where to Enjoy Yourself in Chinatown   39
Appendix—
A.—Chinese  Carnival   Program  40
B.—List of Contributors  43 and 45  	
. . . Foreword . . .
VANCOUVER celebrates its Golden Jubilee this summer.
On this auspicious occasion, the Chinese of Vancouver will
play an important part by their erection of a Chinese Carnival Village, the site of which will be located on the Great
Northern property at the corner of Pender and Carrall
Streets. This Chinese Village will be most artistically and
becomingly decorated with Chinese lanterns, and hundreds
of Oriental splendours will be directly imported from the
''Celestial Empire." Tourists, in taking in the Vancouver
Jubilee, assuredly should not miss seeing Chinatown and
its unique village. It is a fact that when tourists arrive in
the Chinatown of any city, they usually have too limited a
time at their disposal to see the whole of Chinatown;
consequently, many salient features of Chinese life are
never revealed to the average tourist. It is for the precise
purpose of supplying this specific want and of providing for
the tourists a bird's eye view of Vancouver Chinatown that
this booklet has been written. In a word, it is not the
writer's intention to give a copious account of Chinatown
and Chinese life, but rather to give a precis to supply a
loner-felt want to the time-saving tourist. a',,   . 	
SIZE AND LOCATION.
f7 VANCOUVER Chinatown which, both in size and pop-
\^J ulation, occupies the premier position amongst Chinese communities in Canada, the next in importance being
Victoria, Toronto and Montreal respectively, is situated
on Pender Street, stretching
from Carrall Street to Gore
Avenue, including the whole of
Canton and Shanghai Alleys,
part of Carrall Street, part of
Columbia and part of Main
Street. Also a small Chinese
colony is located at Keefer and
Georgia Streets, which for the
most part, caters to wholesale   produce.
HISTORY.
Shortly prior to 1882, a quota of Chinese miners were
working claims along the Fraser River. They had crossed
the Pacific in sailing ships to San Francisco. Subsequently
they had wended their way north to the Fraser by Victoria
and Xew Westminster. About 1882, approximately 3,000
Chinese immigrants were employed by
the C.P.R. as laborers on the Canadian
Pacific Railway, then in process of construction. These pioneer immigrants
were mostly engaged on that part of the
railroad between Port Haney and Savona
Ferry. It might be interesting to state
that the late Mr. Yip Sang, for long a
well-known resident in Vancouver, was
the superintendent of these Chinese on
that occasion. The completion of the
C.P.R. in 1885 naturally led to a slump in employment for
the majority of these Chinese ,who for a time had to be
The late
Mr.   Yip  Sang 	
aAa
INTERNATIONAL
When You Think of
Trucks . . . Think of
INTERNATIONAL.
More than thirty years of
Truck building experience back of the leading complete line.
Sizes from y2 ton to 10 ton capacity
Bodies for every hauling requirement
Performance :: Appearance :: Service
Visit our sales and service headquarters and inspect
the latest models.    A telephone call will arrange
a demonstration without obligation.
International  Harvester Company
of Canada, Ltd.
1135 Seymour Street Vancouver, B.C.
Telephones Douglas 337-8-9.
WE  WISH   TO   EXTENT OUR   HEARTY WELCOME
TO ALL JUBILEE TOURISTS.
THE  WESTERN  CITY  CO.
INSURANCE   AND    INVESTMENT   SECURITIES.
544 Howe Street Vancouver.  B.C.
Phone Seymour 9167 supported by contributions from their more fortunate fellow-countrymen. Many of these migrated to Vancouver a
little later, where they founded a small colony of Chinese,
located in the present Chinatown.
At the time, False Creek extended as far north as the present
Hastings Street, and along both
sides of the Creek reposed a number of wooden shacks, serving as
domiciles for the Chinese. A
wooded domain then stretched
due west of the present Carrall Street. Also, at that time,
there uprose a rocky eminence adjoining the corner of
Hastings and Carrall Streets, the present site of the Hotel
West. Around the vicinity of Pender (then called Dupont
Street, after Major Dupont of Victoria) and Carrall Streets,
arose a few wooden structures.
From that time until 1923 when the Chinese Immigration Act came into operation, immigrants from China to
this province had been coming steadily in greater and
greater numbers.
Vancouver Chinatown in  1886.
POPULATION.
The population of the Chinese in Vancouver has been roughly estimated from
six to eight thousands, though in reality,
there has never been any accurate census
taken in this respect. The Chinese population of late has been gradually decreasing, because under the Chinese Immigration Act enacted by Canada 1923, no Chinese with the exception of government
officials, University students;, bona-fide
merchants, well-to-do, tourists and other
exempted classes, such as teachers, clergymen, etc., are al
Mr.  Won Cumyow,
a well-respected
native-born Chinese.
11 Office Phone Sey 3929.          Night Phone Fair. 3445Y
D. DRUMMOND
PLUMBER
JOBBING   PROMPTLY  ATTENDED   TO
207 Pender St.  East                                    Vancouver, B.C.
Phone Trinity 6398                                  Excellent Service
keefer LAUNDRY
FREE SUPPLY OF TABLE CLOTHS.  NAPKINS.  ETC.
TO OUR RESTAURANT CLIENTS.
238  Keefer  Street                                         Vancouver.  B.C.
Phones Sey. 25lO—Trinity 23lO
WM. SCOTT & COMPANY
WHOLESALE DEALERS IN  LOCAL PRODUCE
FRESH  EGGS A SPECIALTY.
lOl Water Street                                            Vancouver. B.C.
Phone High. 6067                                                City Delivery
MONTREAL BAKERY
RYE  AND   FRENCH   BREAD  A  SPECIALTY
800 Keefer Street                                        Vancouver.  B.C.
12 lowed to enter Canada. Also, due to the recent economical
stringency, Vancouver-born Chinese have been generally
confronted with hardships precluding thm from entering the
matrimonial field. It thus follows that the Chinese population of Vancouver will be more and more lessened unless
an amendment to the Chinese Immigration Act ensues,
bringing in its train a more cordial international understanding between Canada and China. On account of the
natural geographical proximity of these two countries and
the importance of the Sino-Canadian trade, it is assuredly
to the interests of Canada as well as of China, that the said
Immigration Act should be amended.
SOCIAL LIFE
In regard to
the Chinese
social life of
Vancouver, i t
partakes of
much simplicity. Chinese are
not opulent
enough to own
yachts for taking  sea  excur-
1 Young Chinese Leap Year Party.
sions,    nor   do
they own tennis lawns for the purpose of playing tennis.
However, certain prosperous Chinese own automobiles and
in their spare time, drive out to the suburbs to enjoy the
beauties of Nature. On Sundays, the elder married men
and bachelors generally have their meals at Chinese Chop
Suey houses. Such meals generally consist of chicken, barbecue pork and other types of the best Chinese bill-of-fare.
During the meals, talking is indulged in.   Afterwards, they
13 1   Phone Trinity 419                                  W. L. Chew, manager
INTERNATIONAL PRODUCE CO.
LIMITED
WHOLESALE FRUIT AND VEGETABLES
248 Georgia St. East                                   Vancouver. B.C.
Trinity 6500
JOHN HING & CO.
FRUITS, VEGETABLE AND  PRODUCE
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
246 Keefer Street                                         Vancouver, B.C.
1   Phone Trinity 6418
AH MEW CO. LTD.
MARKET GARDENERS
WHOLESALE   DEALERS   IN   ALL  KINDS  OF   VEGETABLES.
243 Georgia St. East                                  Vancouver, B.C.
Trinity 3260                      Phones                      Trinity 1438
VANCOUVER GROWERS LTD.
PRODUCE DISTRIBUTORS
256 Georgia East                                          Vancouver. B.C.
14 ^^^^^^—
play Mah Jong with their friends in Chinese stores after
business hours; but the younger Chinese have different
social customs. On Sundays they visit their friends. Frequently, they have house parties, composed of young native-
born boys and girls. They go in for dancing, with the
radio supplying the music. Recently, two cabarets known
as the Mandarin and the W. K. Oriental Gardens have
been established in Chinatown, where the younger school
of Chinese make merry. Many years ago, dancing was
regarded by the conservative Chinese as an immoral act,
but such ideas have subsequently been eradicated. Even
some of those Chinese who formerly disapproved of dancing, are now learning to dance themselves, so as to keep
abreast of the times.
THE STATUS OF CHINESE WOMEN.
About twenty to thirty years ago, the Chinese woman
of this city was distinctly inferior to her
male counterpart. In her youth she was
rigidly taught to obey her father and
brothers; when she married, she was
under the dictates of her husband, and
at his demise, under those of her eldest
son. But the status of the Chinese female of Vancouver has been radically altered. She has become modern and west-        .  ... jij
A   Westernized
ernized.    When she marries, she has a    native-born Chinese
status equal to that of her husband. On
his demise, she is not dominated by her eldest son.
In the past, Chinese girls, faithful to the spirit of tradition, were not encouraged to pursue higher education.
Now, Chinese girls are free to study both Chinese and English to their heart's content, choosing their own vocations.
In short, to-day, the Chinese girls of Vancouver have become entirely modernized.
15 Phone Trinity 3529
TOM YEE COMPANY
WHOLESALE  FRUIT AND VEGETABLES
240 Keefer Street
Vancouver, B.C.
Phones Sey. 4391—4392
E. c. Kwong. manager
KWONG LOY CHONG CO.
WHOLESALE FRUIT AND VEGETABLES
vegetables fresh daily from our own farms and
HOTHOUSES AT 21-22 AVENUE  EAST.  VANCOUVER
AND   TURNER   STREET.   BURNABY.
236 Georgia St. East
Vancouver, b C.
Phone Trinity 1914
UNITED FRASER GROWERS LTD.
WHOLESALE  FRUIT AND VEGETABLES
331  Georgia East
Vancouver. B.C.
WELCOME TO VANCOUVER GOLDEN JUBILEE
KEEFER PRODUCE CO.
WHOLESALE—FLORAL DESIGNERS
Phone Trinity 1645
211 Keefer Street
16 —^^™^—
CHINESE MARRIAGES
At present, a comparatively small percentage of Chinese still adhere to old customs in marriage. Some marriages
are still arranged by the parents of the young people.
The first step is the betrothal which is usually arranged
by an elderly woman, engaged for this purpose by one
family or the other. The second step is the marriage contract, where the family of the groom sends gifts to the
bride, including rings and bracelets. The bride's family
in return, sends Chinese cakes and roast pigs to the groom's
family; also the family of the groom supplies the bride
with a sum of money varying from $400 to $1,000 or more,
with which to purchase her wedding outfit. The third
and final step in the marriage process is the selection of the
Wedding Day, which must be a lucky day in the calendar.
However, the large majority of the young Chinese are
discarding this system of marriage and are inclining to the
method pursued in Canadian communities, involving court-
. ship, a wedding in church, and festivities at the bride's
house.
It is the writer's belief that the Western method of
marriage is more appropriate than the Chinese method, in
that it is simpler and much more economical. Indeed, the
expenses inseparable from a Chinese wedding, in order to
uphold century-old Chinese traditions, were a serious liability to the young couple beginning life together.
EDUCATION.
In Vancouver Chinatown, there are six outstanding
Chinese public schools, situated in the heart of Chinatown.
In addition, there are other private schools which accommodate a few students, but up to the present, there is no
Chinese High School or College in Chinatown. The majority of the teachers in these schools are High School graduates  from  China.    With the  exception of  Sundays,  the
17 A   HEARTY WELCOME  TO THE VANCOUVER  GOLDEN
JUBILEE.
THE CANADA RICE MILLS LTD.
IMPORTERS AND MILLERS OF  RICE
OF EVERY KIND.
Mill:   Canada  Rice  Dock,  Fraser  River.
Offices: 343 Railway Street, Vancouver
Phones Steveston  73K, Trinity  5351—5352
Phone Seymour 9401                fred r. marchese, manager
HOTEL WEST
FIRST-CLASS  ACCOMMODATION
.   ALL   CONVENIENCES—REASONABLE   RATES.
ROMANTIC    BEER   PARLOR    UNIQUE    IN    VANCOUVER
444 CARRALL ST.                                              VANCOUVER,  B.C.
WE   WISH   TO   EXTEND   OUR   HEARTY   WELCOME   TO
ALL TOURISTS TO THE VANCOUVER  GOLDEN
JUBILEE.
HONG KONG CO. LTD.
CHARLIE TING,   MANAGER.
149 Pender St. East                                                   Sey. 2944
VANCOUVER AUTO CLINIC
23   Years   Experience—Operations   Daily,
bring  in your sick cars—we  guarantee to cure.
WE  BUY  AND  SELL   USED  CARS  AND TRUCKS.
435  KEEFER STREET
Day— High.  1012                                       Night—Fair.  1968L
18 daily school hours for Chinese students are from "5 to 8 p.m.,
the pupils being mainly native-born. It is undoubtedly a
difficult task for such pupils to study both at Chinese and
English schools, but they are compelled by their parents to
study both the Chinese and English languages. The monthly fee for pupils in Chinese schools is generally about $2.00.
The Chinese teacher's remuneration ranges:- from !fifty- to
sixty dollars per month.. The subjects taught in the Chinese school curriculum are composition, literature (comprising poetry and the old Chinese classics) history, geography, letter-writing^ penmanship, public-Speaking, ethics
and at times Confucianism. On these students matriculating from English High Schools, the more gifted pursue
their higher education in Canadian arid American universities, studying medicine, international law, •commerce, science
and kindred subjects. At present,, there are 22 Chinese -students at the University of British Columbia, the majority
of them being local born. After graduation in Canadian or
American universities, these students generally look to
China to supply a field for their future employment. At
the present time, there are many of these graduates holding important government positions in the Chinese Republic.
RELIGION.
The Vancouver Chinese observe no
specific religion. As a rule, they do
not attend church on Sunday, nor
are they at all given to Bible-reading. However, a small minority of
Chinese in Vancouver attend the
various churches. The Chinese are
generally a sceptical race. They believe in ethics rather than in Chris-
19 	
MODEL CAFE
PROMPT AND COURTEOUS SERVICE.
BEST MEALS AT REASONABLE PRICES.
30 HASTINGS STREET EAST
Phone Sey. 5957 Lee Jack. Manager
HEARTY WELCOME TO THE VANCOUVER JUBILEE.
B. C. ROYAL CAFE
IN  THE  HEART  OF  CHINATOWN.
BEST MEALS AT REASONABLE PRICES.
Phone Sey. 2731 61 Pender St. East
Phone Trinity 2009
B. C. GROWERS COMPANY
WHOLESALE FRUIT AND VEGETABLES.
240 Georgia St. East
Vancouver,  b c
PRESS ENGRAVING CO.
PHOTO   ENGRAVING.   COMMERCIAL   DESIGNING.
PHONE SEY. 6504  FOR SUGGESTIONS AND  SERVICE
136 HASTINGS STREET WEST. 	
tianitv. They believe in parental love and fraternal respect,
and like Scotsmen, they are very clannish. The older Chinese go in for studying Confucianism; a very few study
Buddhism, whilst the younger Chinese learn ethics in public schools. In short, the Chinese adhere to their traditions
and customs, rather than to religion. The writer, who was
born in Vancouver, and whose parents were a hundred per
cent Chinese, is unable to state what religion he adheres to.
He reads in a general way the Bible for inspiration and
moral guidance, the Stoic Creed for courage, Confucianism
for ethics, the Epicurean Philosophy for enjoyment, Christian Science for right thinking and Physical Culture for developing a sound body. To sum up, it is impossible to
diagnose the religion of the Chinese of Vancouver.
HOSPITALS.
In Vancouver, there is a hospital known at St. Joseph's
Oriental Hospital, which devotes itself largely to Chinese
patients.    It is situated at 236 Campbell Avenue, and looks after Chinese
patients who go there for medical attention.
The present building was opened in
June, 1928, the first floor being reserved for the Aged and Incurable. The
second floor has been devoted to medical and surgical cases. Five years
later, it was found necessary to take
over an additional floor, also for medical purposes.
Twice a week, Monday from 1-3 p.m., .and Saturday
from 11 a.m. to noon, free medical treatment is given to
Chinese patients by Dr. K. G. Yip, whose office is located
at 31 Main Street. In this respect, the single-hearted
services of this Chinese doctor has indeed been of no small
Miss Louise May Lore,
the first Chinese Nurse to
graduate from the Vancouver   General   Hospital. 	
	
3
SHILVOCK-PARKES LTD.
PRINTERS   SUPPLIES—TYPOGRAPHIC   SERVICE.
341  Pender St. West. Phone Sey.  1457
Fairmont 252
Jas. Jenkins
SCOTTY'S ELECTRIC
AUTOMOTIVE ELECTRICIANS
NEW AND REBUILT BATTERIES.
"WE   DON'T   KEEP   GOOD   BATTERIES—WE   SELL   THEM."
160 East Second Avenue Vancouver. B.C.
BOULTBEE LIMITED
AUTO  ACCESSORIES.
AUTO   ELECTRICAL  AND   BRAKE   SERVICE.
999 Seymour Street
Trinity 3434
22 assistance towards the success of the work of The Missionary Sisters of the Immaculate Conception, whose devoted-
hess to their patients has been highly appreciated by the
local Chinese.
SPORT.
The older Chinese take very little active interest in athletics ; only the younger Chinese find a recreation in sport.
There is a Chinese Students'" football team in Vancouver,
under the auspices of the Chinese Students' Athletic Association which -was
organized in 1920.
It is safe to state
that this is the only Chinese soccer
team in Canada.
This team undoubtedly h as
been very popular
with Vancouver
fans, and it is now
affiliated with the
local Wednesday Football League. This team in 1926 won
the Iroquois Cup, defeating Kerrisdale in the final by 5-3
after an arduous contest, and captured the Mainland Cup
in 1933, on the latter occasion getting the better of the Varsity. While this publication is in the printer's hands, this
same team has secured the Spalding Trophy, open to Wednesday League contestants, the Chinese Students ousting
Woodwards by the score 3-1. This Chinese team has played football at Nanaimo, Victoria, Chilliwack, Powell River,
New Westminster and North Vancouver. Thus, while the
young school of Chinese dabble in tennis, baseball and swimming, soccer is the game they have specialized in.
23
Chinese    Students'    Football    Team,
Winners of Mainland Cup, 1-933. 	
P.O. Box 973 Phone Trinity 6092
TheH. Y. LOUIE CO. LTD.
WHOLESALE   GROCERS.   IMPORTERS   AND   JOBBERS
255  East Georgia Street Vancouver. B.C.
Phone Sey. 899
GIM LEE YUEN LTD.
WHOLESALE   AND  RETAIL
SILKS,  FANCY GOODS.   Etc.
GENERAL  MERCHANDISE
IMPORTERS EXPORTERS
75-77 Pender St. East Vancouver. B.C.
Phone Sey. 6256
HOP SANG COMPANY
IMPORTERS AND EXPORTERS, WHOLESALE AND
RETAIL.  GENERAL MERCHANDISE.  BAMBOO
AND   RATTAN   BASKETS  WARE.
79 Pender St. East Vancouver, B.C.
Douglas 5583
YUEN FAT WAH JUNG CO. LTD.
Importers and Exporters
CHINESE GENERAL  MERCHANDISE
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
262 Pender St. East Vancouver, B.C.
24 OCCUPATIONS IN CHINATOWN.
In Vancouver Chinatown, manifold occupations are engaged in. There is one Chinese newspaper known as the
"Tai Hon Kong Po," situated in Carrall Street, which has
a circulation all over North America wherever there is a
Chinese population. In Chinatown, you will find shoemakers, Chinese herb doctors, hardware merchants, dealers in
silk, tobacconists, booksellers, fishmongers, bakers, fruit
merchants, dealers in antiques, sausage manufacturers,
dried meat manufacturers, and sweater-knitting manufacturers, etc. You will also find gasoline stations, pawnshops,
photographers and insurance agents. However, there is
but one medical doctor.
To sum up, there are in Vancouver Chinatown:
The Bank of Montreal (Chinese Branch), agencies for
the C.P.R., C.N.R., Blue Funnel and Admiral Lines, 12
Societies (large), 1 theatre, 4 churches, 6 hotels, 2 cabarets,
1 antique store (Eng Chow Co.), 9 cafes, 6 gasoline stations,
6 butcher shops, 9 ground-floor Chop Suey Houses, 2 genuine Chop Suey Houses, 18 tailor shops, 12 barber shops, 24
merchandise stores, 2 Chinese jewelry stores (Mee Shing).
All these are located in the very centre of Chinatown.
In addition to the above, there are laundries, cafes and produce stores widely disseminated over the outlying districts
of Vancouver. The Chinese also patronize fish canneries
which operate along the Fraser River and much farther
north. Chinese fruit and vegetable peddlers are also familiar sights in Vancouver streets. You will generally find
the Chinese wholesale produce located in Keefer and Georgia Streets.
THE CHINESE CONSULATE.
In Canada, there are only two Chinese Consulates, one
in Ottawa and the other in Vancouver. The Chinese Consulate of Vancouver is located on the tenth floor, Stand- Save Money and Be
INSURED RIGHT.
A. S. MATTHEW & CO. LTD.
(ONE    OF    LARGEST    INSURANCE    FIRMS    IN    CANADA)
402  PENDER ST.  West—ground  floor
Vancouver, B.C. Telephone Sey.  1366 and 1367
J. C. WILSON LTD.
PAPER FOR EVERY PURPOSE.
WHOLESALE   AND   MANUFACTURING   STATIONERS
IO68 Homer Street
Phone Trinity 3404
OVER  40 YEARS OF SHOEMAKING.
Phone Sey. 7401
M. LANG & COMPANY
BOOTS   SHOES AND RUBBER FOOTWEAR, HAND-MADE
LOGGERS. MINERS. HIKERS, CRUISERS AND
WORK BOOTS.
535 Main Street
Vancouver, B.C. ard Bank Building, corner of Hastings and Richards Sts.
The function of the Chinese Consulate concerns itself with
looking after the interests of Chinese in western Canada.
The present members of this Consulate are as follows:
Consul General, Hon. Chunhow H. Pao; Vice-Consul, Mr.
K. Y. Wu; Chancellor, Mr. Dick Yip; and Secretary, Mr.
Dock Yip.
THE CHINESE BENEVOLENT ASSOCIATION.
The Chinese Benevolent Association was founded in 1909.
It is located in a four-storied building, situated at 108
fender Street, on the south side of the street. The Chinese
themselves donated the funds wherewith to build it. This
Association was founded for the purpose of fostering the
welfare of the Chinese community and has participated
largely in philanthropic endeavor in the interests of Occidentals as well as of Chinese. Contributions have already
been made through this Associaton to the Vancouver Welfare Federation Fund, to the .Vancouver General Hospital,
and to St. Joseph's Hospital. During previous economical
depressions,, this Association raised sufficient funds to supply food to the unemployed Chinese. In short, the Chinese
Benevolent Association is a charity institution without respect of race or creed.
"TONG" FEUDS.
Most of the inhabitants of the Pacific Coast are undoubtedly familiar with "tong" feuds. What is a "Tong"? The
average westerner often fails to get a comprehensive idea
of the word. The English word "tong" is derived from the
Chinese word, meaning society. The "tong" is a society
whose members usually have the same surname in common, irrespective of their being related or not. Its idea is
closely associated with clan-ism. In Vancouver, the Yips,
the Wongs, the Lees, and Mahs and other Chinese "families" all have their "tongs." As far back as the time of Con-
27 	
WHEN  IN VANCOUVER MEET YOUR FRIENDS AT
The EMPIRE HOTEL INN
HASTINGS AND COLUMBIA
"WHERE   GOOD   FELLOWS   GET   TOGETHER."
GUST  PALMU
A.   MUIR
G.   HUGHES
Telephone Seymour 3699-0
F©@ HUIINI® C@NFAMY
IMPORTERS
Chinese  Groceries.   Tea.   Preserved  Ginger,
Bambooware.  Chinaware.  Fancy Goods.
WHOLESALE  AND   RETAIL
129-131  East Pender St.
Vancouver. B.C.
TEL.   SEY.   3440
BALANCE    IS   THAT   WHICH.    IN   A    FOOTBALL    BOOT.    MAKES    IT
EASY  FOR THE FOOT TO CONTROL THE BALL AND  YIELD TO THE
PLAYER'S TIMING.
LISLE FRASER
SPORTING GOODS
1020 Granville St. 719 Pender St. West 	
ficius, the Chinese who had a common surname, dwelt together in separate villages. This custom is still extant in
China. Thus, when the Chinese left the home of their forefathers and became aliens in strange lands, they formed
societies or "tongs" for the purpose of securing unity and
solidarity among their race. Previous to twenty years
ago, "tong" feuds in Vancouver were not uncommon. But
during the last two decades, there have been very few
"tong" disputes in this city, owing to the fact that the Vancouver Chinese have a better understanding among themselves than they had previously. The tendency now is to
pursue Nationalism rather than clan-ism. Doubtless, the
enforcement of the British system of law has tended largely
to the extirpation of "tong" wars.
THE CHINESE NATIONALIST
LEAGUE OF CANADA.
The Chinese Nationalist League of Canada, also known
as Kuomintang, has its headquarters in Vancouver, located
at the corner of Pender and Gore Avenue.    This building
was  erected   in   1921.  At  present,
there are about 800 active members,
who are the young blood of China.
Besides, there are branches all over
Canada, having approximately 8,000
members.
The policy of the Chinese Nationalist League is to practise San Min
Chu I, also known as The Three
Principles of the People, as laid
down by Dr. Sun Yat-Sen, the Father of the Chinese Republic. The
Three Principles of the People are ]
as follows: Fathe
29 	
CHARLES CLAMAN
GENTS.  CLOTHING  AND   FURNISHINGS.
"THE   HOME   OF   HOLLYWOOD   STYLE."
315  Hastings West Vancouver.  B.C.
Phone Seymour 1431
SMITH, DAVIDSON & WRIGHT
LIMITED
WHOLESALE STATIONERS AND PAPER DEALERS A'
1198 Homer Street
Vancouver. B.C.
WE WISH  TO  EXTEND OUR  HEARTY WELCOME TO
ALL JUBILEE VISITORS.
TAI HON KONG PO
PUBLICATIONS.
Phone Sey. 7092
445 CARRALL STREET
30 1. The Principle of Nationalism,
2. The Principle of Popular Sovereignity.
3. The Principle of Livelihood.
The following paragraph which .so well describes "The
Three Principles of the People," is taken from the Chinese
Year Book of 1935-1936, published under the auspices of
The Chinese Year Book Publishing Company.
"The 'San Min Chu I' comprises the principles of nationalism, of popular sovereignity, and of the livelihood of the
people. The principle of nationalism is the principle seeking for racial equality. Its nieaning is twofold: internally,
it stands for the equality of _all races within Chinese territories, and internationally, it seeks to liberate the Chinese
race from foreigiT domination. The principle of popular
sovereignity has as its aim,-political1 rights and equality for
all classes. It endeavors to establish for the people the
rights of recall, initiative ahcTreferendum, in additfolrto
election; and in government, it gives independence to the
five powers, namely, the Legislative, the Judicial, the Executive, the Examination, and the Control YUAN" or Houses.
The principle of the livelihood of the people is that of
seeking for social and economic equality. Its basic principles are the equalization of land^ownership and the regulation of capital."
CHINESE FREEMASONRY.
The Chinese Freemasonry, of Canada has it headquarters
in Vancouver, located at 5 Pender Street West. In Vancouver alone, this society has over 2,000 members, besides
having branches throughout Canada, approximating 10,000
members. It is the endeavor of this Freemasonry to instil in
its members the principles of Brotherhood, Love, Equality
and Liberty. GENTS. TAILORED CHINESE SILK BROCADED, WOOL
TAFFETA,  FLAT CREPE, and BROADCLOTH  SHIRTS
MADE-TO MEASURE   IN   UP-TO-DATE   STYLE.
GUARANTEED FIT.
WE   CARRY   EXCLUSIVE   LINES   OF
LOVELY NIGHTGOWNS. SLIPS. LADIES KIMONAS.
PYJAMAS and SLIPPERS.  Etc.
KUO KONG SILK CO.
Home of Oriental Silks and Curios.
27 Pender Street East Phone Sey. 4918
Vancouver. B.C.
Sey. 5671
P.O.  Box 466
KWONG MAN SANG & CO.
IMPORTERS AND EXPORTERS
CHINESE   GENERAL   MERCHANDISE
WHOLESALE  AND  RETAIL
236 Pender St. East
Vancouver. B.C.
HEARTY  WELCOME  TO  VANCOUVER  JUBILEE
WAND STUDIOS
WE   PHOTOGRAPH   ANYTHING.   ANYTIME,   ANYWHERE
8 Hastings St. East Vancouver. B.C. 	
NO OPIUM DENS.
It is the purpose of the writer to give an accurate
rather than a fanciful picture of Vancouver Chinatown.
Despite assertions to the contrary, there are in Chinatown
no mysterious opium dens, no underworld and no secret
and winding corridors. Life in Vancouver Chinatown is
peaceful and pre-eminently law-abiding. The distorted picture that the average tourist has of Chinatown in general,
owes its birth to erroneous hearsay or to a fertile imagination.
CHINESE ODDITIES.
In common with all other races, the Chinese have their
specific peculiarities which, in general, are the very reverse
of those of the Occidental. For example, the Chinese make
use of red and green colors for felicitous
occasions, while Occidentals use the same
colors for traffic danger signals. Again,
Chinese writing in its original style, begins
vertically from top to bottom and from
right to left, whereas English writing begins from left to right and is written horizontally. In a Chinese wedding, the Chinese
bride wears an evening gown of red and
black colors. A white dress is worn only
on mourning occasions, while the Western
bride wears a white dress on festive occasions. Also, the male Chinese seldom wear green hats, as
there is an impression afoot among them that a green hat
is an indication that the love of one's wife has been alienated to another man, whereas Occidentals take no stock of
such a novel conception. Finally, although the Chinese
in Vancouver are not devoid of superstition, and are credulous enough to pay attention to fortune-telling, they take
no heed of the unlucky number thirteen, and will fearlessly
walk beneath a ladder with the utmost fortitude.
Illustration of
Chinese Writing.
33 	
Phone Sey. 4850—135
PEKIN CHOP SUEY HOUSE
BEST CHOP SUEY AND NOODLES IN THE CITY
COME AND TRY.
HOURS   1   P.M.  TO  3   A.M.
EXQUISITE ORIENTAL SOUVENIRS GIVEN AWAY
FREE TO ALL CLIENTS.
DON'T   MISS  THIS   OPPORTUNITY.
5 Pender West <cor. carrall st.)
Vancouver, B.C.
MEE SHING
FAMOUS CHINESE JEWELER
IN THE HEART OF CHINATOWN.
SELLS JADES, CHINESE JEWELS. CURIOS. RINGS. ETC.
109 Pender East
Sey. 9396L
34 PECULIARITIES OF
CHINESE CONSUMPTION OF LIQUID.
Now a word about one or two peculiarities in regard to
the Chinese consumption of liquid. Tea drinking among
Chinese is not only a function, but a veritable institution.
Chinese who were born in China, are rarely partial to the
drinking of cold water, as a small quantity imbibed by them
is followed by ill effects. When two Canadians meet, they
may resort to a beer parlor for a confab, but when two
Vancouver Chinese meet, they almost invariably have recourse to Chinese tea-drinking. This has been indulged in
so frequently in the course of centuries that the custom has
developed into mere second nature. In regard to alcohol,
it is a custom for Chinese to consume it along with their
meals. Rarely do they drink on an empty stomach. When
under the influence of intoxication, they are prudent to
refrain from exposing themselves to cold air. At such a
time, they generally retire for the night. Undoubtedly,
such a precaution is beneficial to their health, because in a
state of intoxication, one is more susceptible to taking cold,
which may develop into serious illness.
VANCOUVER CHINESE JUVENILE LIFE.
The Chinese children of
Vancouver begin their
education at a very
early stage. At the age
of four or so, most of
the native-born Chinese hie their way to the
Chinese kindergartens,
located in various Chinese churches. Their
mothers  are  happy  in
Sending:   them   tO   these      Chinese   Kindergarten   Graduatk MANDARIN GARDEN
CORNER   COLUMBIA   AND   PENDER   STS.   VANCOUVER,   B.C.
Phones  Trinity  2948—seymour   166
The Smartest Cabaret in Chinatown.
DINE AND   DANCE
TO  JACK  WILLIAMSON  AND   HIS  RHYTHM   BAND.
JACK  EMERSON.   PIANIST
HEAR   VIC    WON   THE   SHANGHAI    SOCIETY   RCA   VICTOR
RECORDING ARTIST FEATURED VOCALIST.
Floor show supreme.
CANADIAN   AND   CHINESE   DISHES   ARE   DELICIOUS.
WEEK   DAY   MINIMUM   CHARGES   50C.
Holidays and Saturdays  SI.OO per person.
NO COVER   CHARGE.  ORCHESTRA  FROM   lO  P.M.  TO  CLOSING.
Phone Trinity 3912
WHITE HOUSE CHOP SUEY
WE  SERVE  BEST CHINESE  DISHES.
COME AND TRY.
94 Pender St. East                                       Vancouver, B.C.
36 	
educational institutions for two reasons: first, because such
a course is mentally good for the children, and secondly,
because they are kept away from their mothers' apron
strings for a time. In these kindergartens, the children
are taught to sing hymns, and to study the English language. At the age of six, they are sent to English and
Chinese public schools. After school hours, the children of
wealthy families learn music, chiefly the piano and the violin. A portion of these children join the Chinese Wolf Cub,
fostered by a Canadian lady known as Mrs. Rofe, whose
aim has been to instil into them lessons of obedience and
service to the community, and who has been most painstaking and indefatigable in her efforts. At a later stage,
they take great interest in various sports such as soccer,
swimming, hiking, picnicking and other wholesome outdoor diversions. On the whole, the life of the local Chinese
juveniles is not much divergent from that-of Canadian
children.
CHINESE FOODS
Chinese foods are indeed delectable to the palate. Only
those Westerners who have had the enjoyable experience of
sampling Chinese dishes, have a real concepton of the
deliciousness of Chinese foodstuffs, which consist principally of fish, poultry, barbecue pork, beef, noodles, Chow
Mein and Chop Suey. From these foodstuffs, there are
manifold dishes of Chinese meals prepared, each dish in itself a specialty. To the average Occidental, a Chinese meal
is generally restricted to Chop Suey, water noodles and
almond chicken; but these dishes, in reality, constitute a
small percentage of the seemingly innumerable Chinese
dishes. The writer has no hesitation in stating that the
best Chinese bill-of-fare is undoubtedly served in the Mandarin Garden and the Pekin Chop Suey House as advertised
in this booklet.
37 	
WELCOME TO VANCOUVER'S  GOLDEN  JUBILEE
MON FA PRINTERS
RUBBERSTAMP MANUFACTURERS
137 East Pender Street
Sey. 5042
PACIFIC  PRINTERS LTD.
Seymour 9592
GENERAL COMMERCIAL PRINTERS
500 Bekins Building
Vancouver, B.C.
38 ^—
WHERE TO ENJOY YOURSELF
IN CHINATOWN.
During the celebration of the Vancouver Golden Jubilee,
especially in the Chinatown Weeks, tourists will undoubtedly flock to visit Chinatown to see the unique Chinese
Carnival Village. No tourist should take in the Vancouver
Jubilee without visiting this village which will unquestionably be one of the chief attractions of the Jubilee. To help
to make the Chinese Village a success, Chinese professional
artisans will be imported from China. The tourist who
wishes to spend an evening in Chinatown will be well advised to freqtfent the Mandarin Garden. Those who
wish to sample a real Chinese bill-of-fare cannot do
better than take their repast at the above-mentioned cabaret or at the Peking Chop Suey House, located at the corner of Pender and Carrall Streets. At the time of the
Jubilee, it will be most attractive and alluring to visit
Chinatown at night; for then, Chinese lanterns will be teeming in thousands and Chinese fireworks and other colorful
Oriental decorations will present a vivid scenic spectacle
to the beholder. Besides, there is also a Chinese Theatre,
situated at the southern end of Columbia Street. No tourist should miss seeing this most attractive show, which is
a hundred per cent Chinese drama.
Finally, should any tourist desire to hear a native-born
Chinese soloist singing popular English songs, fully as
artistically as a Canadian singer, just let him frequent the
Mandarin Garden, where he will be astounded at the burst
of tuneful melody issuing from the Celestial throat of Mr.
Vic Won, a native-son of Vancouver.
39 APPENDIX A
THE GOLDEN JUBILEE
Giant Chinese Carnival
« PROGRAM »
THREE   WEEKS   OF   UNSURPASSED   ATTRACTIONS.
HEARTY  WELCOME  TO  ALL JUBILEE  VISITORS.
Site.—Corner Pender and Carrall Streets.
DATE—July 18th to August 8th.
SPECIAL FEATURES.
1.—Bamboo Arch.—An Arch valued at over $20,000.
Won first prize over 40 arches in Hong Kong
in 1935, the Jubilee Year, in the celebrations of
His late Majesty, King George V. Over 100
Chinese artisans employed for One jYear in
building this Arch.
2.—Pagoda.—Famous Pagoda which exhibits over
20 Chinese Artists and Artisans, such as Jade
cutters, ivory carvers, embroidery workers,
etc., whose work is emblematic of Chinese cultural life, trades and professions. A hundred
per cent "Celestial" atmosphere, plus rare arts.
First time presented in Canada.
3.—Dr. Kiang Kang-Hu.—A reputed and authoritative
Chinese scholar, specially come from China for
the Vancouver Jubilee. Dr. Kiang will deliver
interesting lectures on Chinese Culture and
Art, and Chinese Literature, comprising
Classics, Poetry, etc. For a time, Dr. Kiang was
40 in charge of Oriental Collections at the Congressional Library, Washington, D.C.; and was
formerly Chairman of the Department of Chinese Studies at McGill University, Montreal.
Well-known writer and author of the following
books: "Collections of Lectures on Chinese
Classics," "On Poems of Tang Dynasty," "Text
Books on Chinese Literature," besides many
other books in English, Chinese and Japanese of
high value.
4.—Dr. Zing-Yang Kuo (Kuo Jen-Yuen) will lecture in
co-operation with Dr. Kiang Kang-Hu in the
Chinese Carnival Village. Formerly, Dr. Kuo
studied at the Fuhtan University, Shanghai; did
research work in psychology at Columbia University, where he was graduated. For a time,
he was acting president of Fuhtan University ; Professor of Psychology at the Chekiang
National University, Hangchow, since 1930; besides being author of several books on psychology-
5.—Mandarin Palace.—A palace equipped with priceless Chinese relics, curios and antiques.
6.—Temple.—Images, idols and other ceremonial objects from the temples and monasteries of
China. Never before exhibited to the Occidental
eye.
7.—Show House.—Staging of Chinese dramas and
fashion shows, etc. First time presented in this
country.
8.—Spectacular Parades. — Colorful street parades
three times a week.
9.—Chinese Fireworks.—Chinese pyrotechnic displays
unusually brilliant and original.  	
APPENDIX  B
The writer desires to take this opportunity to express
his most sincere thanks to the following contributors
and merchants for their kind co-operation and support.
Indeed, without such support, this publication would have
been impossible.
Hon. Chunhow H. Pao
J. J. Forster
Alex.  Henderson,  K.C.
Yip Kew Him
Frank Daly
Jack Price, M.L.A.
A. E. McMaster
H. E. M. Bradshaw
Denis Clarke
F. D. Pratt
Fred R. Marchese
A. S. Matthew
H. F. Montgomery
H. MacKay
Lee Jack
King S. Chan
James Y. Lim
Charlie Ting
Charlie Chang Suey
W. L. Chew
G. H. Young
Gordon Lyons
Wong Hing
Dang K. Yip
Art Yip
Lee Sing
Harry Chan
Wong Shue Ying
Eng Chow Kwong
Chin Yue
John Aitken
Chinese Farmers' Association
Chinese Students' Athletic
Association
Shilvock-Parkes Ltd.
Empire Hotel
International Produce Ltd.
John Hing & Co.
Ah Mew Co. Ltd.
B. C. Royal Cafe
Model Cafe
Kwong Loy Chong Co.
The H. Y. Louie Co. Ltd.
Hop Sang & Co.
Vancouver Growers Ltd.
A. S. Matthew & Co. Ltd.
Keefer Produce Co.
Yuen Fat Wah Jang Co. Ltd.
Kwong Man Sang
Charles Claman
Smith, Davidson & Wright
Ltd.
Tom Yee Co.
J. C. Wilson Ltd.
Lisle Fraser
Keefer Laundry
Buckerfield's Ltd.
Vancouver Golden Jubilee
Chinese Carnival Board
International Harvester
Alex. Aitken                                   Co. of Canada Ltd.
A imin— »—o_o-_o-_ n — u—in      '    — <>—"■< -■ " — <>•—<»<■—""—'♦!♦
43
^j  Globe Fertilizer Co. Ltd.
J. C. Ranking
Jones Tent & Awning Ltd.
Gilbert Aitken
Foo Hung Co.
Cleland-Kent Engraving Co.
Kuo Kong Silk Co.
Ltd.
Mee Shing
Mandarin Garden
White House Chop Suey
Eng Chow Co.
Wand Studio
Hotel West
Boultbee  Ltd.
Tai Hon Kong Po. Co. Ltd.
United Fraser Growers Ltd.
Pekin Chop Suey
B. C. Growers Ltd.
M. Lang & Co.
H. Munro
Montreal Bakery
H.  R.  MacMillan  Exportin;
; Yip Sang Co. Ltd.
Co. Ltd.
Scotty's Electric
McQueen Produce Co. Ltd.
The Canada Rice Sales Co.
S. R. Bell
The Western City Co. Ltd.
Chung Chuck
Dave Drummond Plumber
Kwan Lam
Willam Scott & Co.
James Jenkins
Press Engraving Co.
Harry Chan
Pacific  Printers  Ltd.
Evans Fance
Mon Fa Printers
C. P. Sissons
45 —
WE WISH TO EXTEND OUR MOST HEARTY WELCOME
TO ALL JUBILEE TOURISTS.
WING SANG CO.
YIP SANG CO. LTD.
Chinese Agents for Canadian Pacific Steamships Co.
Ltd.
51 Pender St. East Vancouver. B.C.
Phone Sey. 3721
Phones Sey. 9281.   Night Calls Bay. 6277—Sey. 7845X
JONES TENT & AWNING CO.
TENTS.   AWNINGS.   TARPAULINS.   FLAGS.   SAILS.   ETC.
VENETIAN BLINDS. WINDOW BLINDS.  EIDERDOWN
SLEEPING  ROBES.   • DRY-BAK••  and  HIKERS-
CLOTHING.
Folding Porch,  Lawn and Camp Furniture.
43 HASTINGS ST. WEST VANCOUVER.  B.C.
Sey.   9251
WELCOME TO VANCOUVER  GOLDEN JUBILEE
DAVID HALL  SIGN LTD.
485 BEACH STREET
VANCOUVER. B.C.
46 I
« i    MEMORANDA
JA-
c=^A"
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«    MEMORANDA    '«$
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4-
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Mi.-
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•£3K'
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