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Empresses of the Pacific Canadian Pacific Railway Company Limited 1932

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Take this most direct, most scenic, shortest
route to Europe. Fully two days cut from open
ocean and spent in the sheltered waters of the
St. Lawrence.
Led by the new size-speed-SPACE marvel,
Empress of Britain, Canadian Pacific's modern
fleet offers "Empresses" for First Class; regal
"Duchesses," combining luxury with economy,
and popular lower cost Cabin Liners. Tourist
and Third Class on all Ships.
Frequent sailings each week from Montreal and
Quebec (trains direct to ship-side at Quebec) to
British and Continental ports.
ALL EXPENSE conducted tours through
Canadian Pacific W H \ T E
Gross Displacement
Tonnage Tonnage
Empress of Japan 26,000 39,000
Empress of Canada 21,500 32,300
Empress of Asia 16,900 25,350
Empress of Russia 16,800 25,200
Via Honolulu or Direct Express Route
Vancouver, Victoria, Honolulu and Yokohama, Kobe,
Nagasaki, Shanghai, Hong Kong, Manila
A^A AA-AA      : ■      "     A   ■
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Leonard Frank Photo
Empress of Japan ...
largest, fastest liner on the Pacific
Page Two WHITE EMPRESSES^ (pacific
Record Si^e! . . . Record Speed! . . . Choice of Two Routes!
THE Canadian Pacific "White Empress" fleet—Empress of Japan, Empress of Canada,
Empress of Russia, Empress of Asia—comprises the largest and fastest liners on the
Pacific Ocean. With their white, blue-ribboned hulls and huge buff-colored funnels,
sharp flaring bows and raking cruiser sterns, they charm the eyes of ship lovers and
impress the observer with a sense of majesty and power. Specially built and equipped
for service in Oriental waters, their flashing exterior and interior beauty, sumptuous
furnishings, faultless cuisine and service have established them as the favorite travel
mode between the American continent and Honolulu, Japan, China and the Philippines.    To "Go Empress" adds the last perfect touch to an Oriental experience.
Blue-ribbon ship of the Pacific, flag ship and pace-maker of the fleet is the Empress
of Japan, largest and fastest liner operating to and from the Orient. With a length
of 666 feet and a beam of 83-5 feet, she has a gross registered tonnage of 26,000, and a
displacement tonnage of 39,000.
All trans-Pacific speed records are held by the Empress of Japan:
Yokohama-Kobe   .
7 days, 20 hours, 16 minutes
4 days, 15 hours, 15 minutes
6 days, 19 hours, 43 minutes
15 hours, 54 minutes
Record size—Record speed. But these are not the only features of the Empress
of Japan. Every modern convenience for comfort in tropic waters has been embodied
in her creation. On Sun Deck, Boat Deck and Promenade Deck, wide, long open
spaces are provided for deck chairs, walking and games. These spaces on the Sun
and Boat Decks are covered in warm climes with double awnings of canvas. The
spacious interiors, too, are designed to afford the superlative of pleasure on warm
Pacific days and nights. Features of all public rooms and staterooms are the
numerous ball-louvre ventilators providing a never-failing supply of fresh,
cooled air. One entire deck on  the  Empress of Japan,   the  Promenade   Deck,   is
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Empress of Russia, with Fujiyama in the background
Page Three m
Children's Playroom—Empress oj Japan
Everything possible is done on the "White Empresses" to ensure the kiddies' comfort and relieve
parents of troublesome surveillance. Toys of every
description keep the children amused
Stewart Bale Photo
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Page Four A
Smoking Room—Empress of Russia
Spacious, finely proportioned Public Rooms are
features of the ' 'White Empresses." In the beautiful room shown above, pleasing artistic effects are
achieved without sacrifice of comfort
Page Five given over to spacious public rooms beautifully proportioned and exquisitely appointed. The Swimming
Pool on one of the lower decks is a green and marble
creation which is served by secluded elevator from
Gymnasium and bedroom decks. Bedroom accommodation is distributed on four decks and includes two
regally furnished private suites of bedroom, bathroom,
sitting room and verandah. In addition to many
two room suites with private bath there are more
than sixty single and double rooms with private baths
or showers adjoining.
The Empress of Canada is a giantess of 21,500 tons
gross register, 32,300 tons displacement, is beautifully
modern in design and furnishings and boasts of a record
for the Yokohama-Victoria run of 8 days, 2 hours,
31 minutes. Like the Empress of Japan she is an oil
burning liner with turbine driven propellers.
The Public Rooms and Bedrooms of the Empress of
Canada are worthy of comparison with those of the
Empress of Japan. The same cool, restful beauty characterises them, the same attention to comfort and
pleasure. A feature of the bedroom accommodation is
the provision of six private suites, composed of bedroom, bathroom and sitting room. In addition to the
unusually spacious and attractive public rooms, the
Empress of Canada has a white-tiled Swimming Pool and
a well equipped Gymnasium.
Empress of Asia and Empress of Russia: The
Empress of Asia and Empress of Russia are sister ships,
with accommodation exactly similar except for furnishings. The Empress of Asia has a gross registered
tonnage of 16,900, a displacement tonnage of 25,350.
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First Class Bedroom
Bedroom of Peacock Suite—Empress of Japan
Page Six First Class Lounge—Empress of Canada
The Empress of Russia has a gross registered tonnage of
16,800, a displacement tonnage of 25,200. Each has
generously planned Public Rooms and Bedrooms and
all those comforts and conveniences so necessary on
voyages in semi-tropical climates. The Public Rooms
on each ship include a great domed Lounge, Smoking
Room with lofty raftered ceiling and mullioned
windows, Verandah Cafe, Dining Room, Writing
Room, Children's Room, etc., etc.
The Empress of Asia and the Empress of Russia have
each eight private suites consisting of sitting room,
bedroom and bath room.
White Empress Routes : Every two weeks a White
Empress speeds away from Vancouver and Victoria,
westward bound for the East. At Vancouver trains
go direct to the ship's side and baggage is checked
direct to staterooms.
The Empress of Japan and the Empress of Canada sail
to Honolulu reaching that port in five days. At
Honolulu connections are made with San Francisco and
Los Angeles sailings. Yokohama is reached in thirteen
days, Kobe in fourteen days, Shanghai in sixteen days,
Hong Kong in nineteen days, Manila in twenty-one.
The Empress of Japan and the Empress of Canada are
the largest and fastest liners on this route.
The Empress of Russia and the Empress of Asia sail
by the Direct Express Route, omitting Honolulu as a
port of call and reaching Yokohama in ten days, Kobe
in eleven days, Nagasaki in twelve days. They are the
largest and fastest liners sailing by this route. Eastward bound, the four White Empresses follow the same
course as westward bound.
Verandah Cafe—Empress of Japan
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Page Seven
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TOURIST Class on the White Empresses of the Pacific has brought alluring Hawaii
and the ever-mysterious, inscrutable Orient within easy reach of those who possess
only moderate means and have but limited time at their disposal. Students,
educators, professional and business men and women, travellers of moderate incomes
—to these people  "Empress"  Tourist  Class  has come  as a boon,  and for two
In the first place, the record-breaking speed of the "Empresses" means less time
at sea and consequently more time for sight-seeing and study ashore. A visit to
the Orient is now quite within the compass of the average business man's vacation.
Secondly, Empress Tourist Class offers comfortable, pleasant accommodation
and a congenial, informal, do-as-you-please life among interesting companions at
comparatively low cost.
Comfort and service in "Empress" Tourist compares favorably with the better
class hotels ashore. The spacious cabins are well above the water line and are
equipped with the most modern devices for lighting and ventilation. They are
furnished with spring berths, downy mattresses, soft pillows and snowy white slips,
and the majority of cabins have hot and cold running water and roomy clothes
cupboards. Cabins are arranged for two, three, or four passengers. Family groups
or couples may engage entire rooms while passengers travelling alone may secure a
berth in a cabin with congenial companions.
Conveniently close to all cabins are modern bathrooms, with a steward in attendance at all times to assure each passenger the niceties and privacy of a home.
Meals served in the Tourist Class dining rooms are in accordance with the
standards of the World's Greatest Travel System. Four-course breakfasts, five-course
luncheons, six-course dinners-—lots of fresh fruit and vegetables — plenty of variety
—tasteful appointments and faultless, unobtrusive service—these are the features of
Canadian Pacific Tourist Class cuisine. Tables of various sizes permit the grouping
of families or friendly parties, and meal times aboard the ''Empresses" are gay
occasions. The bracing sea-air and exhilarating deck games make keen appetites,
so between-meal snacks are available as in First Class.
Delightful lounges, reading and writing
rooms, and smoking rooms are provided for the
comfort of Tourist passengers. Each ship has a
well-stocked library from which books may be
borrowed without charge. The smoking rooms,
with deep, soft chairs, card tables and occasional
writing desks, are as attractive as smart clubs
ashore and form a favourite rendezvous. The
bar is usually located in the smoking room, with
an attentive steward in charge to serve beverages, cigars and cigarettes.
The most enjoyable hours of the voyage
will probably be those spent on deck. Hours
of comfort in the stimulating sea air, snug in the
folds of your steamer rug. Hours of activity,
too, at shuffleboard, deck tennis, or quoits, and
brisk walks about the deck with the tea-hour
as a delightful interlude. In the evenings there
are motion pictures, dancing, cards—the social
events of the voyage culminating in a spectacular masquerade ball.
Nothing is lacking to make you comfortable and happy in the Canadian Pacific Tourist
Class. The Purser will store your valuables for
safe-keeping, deposit or change your money and
send wireless messages: there is also an Information Bureau aboard ship to assist you. A
completely equipped barber shop and beauty
parlor is at your service. A complete stock of
travel accessories and souvenirs is carried in the
clever little shop on board. A ship's newspaper
keeps you in touch with world events.
Children find life aboard ship   a   constant
round of new thrills, and everything possible is
Corner of a "Tourist" Lounge done for their comfort.
Page Fight Two berth,"Tourist-Class" Room
Stewart Bale Photo
Tourist" Smoking Room—Empress of Japan
Idle Photo
THE HIGH-STERNED Manila galleon, ornately carved and gilded, sails blazoned
with armorial devices and saintly portraits, the red and gold banner of Castile and
Leon flaunting from her staffs, wallowing down the Trades from Acapulco to Cavite
. . a thing of glory in the sun . . was regarded in her day as an Empress of the
Pacific. In her wake, a couple of centuries later, came the swift China clipper,
canvas-clad from scupper to truck ... a sleek black-hulled Queen of the Seas
ramping through the latitudes like a pillar of cloud. Beautiful, romantic, they
were, but they voyaged with hazard and offered but small comfort and security to
those who sailed in them. They have passed with all their glamour, but who shall
say that "romance is dead" when crossing Westbound to the East in the great
"White Empresses of the Pacific."
We debark from a Canadian Pacific train at the ship's side in Vancouver and
Adventure begins when the white liner backs out into the harbour, her syrens
bellowing farewell. South, the city opens out in panorama before one's vision,
essentially modern with tall buildings bulking against the sky. North, the mountains rise, bold and tree-clad to the snow-line—the suburban towns creeping up their
slopes in orderly checker-boards of streets and houses.
Almost imperceptibly, the ship swings and glides through the narrow channel
flanked by Stanley Park on the left and the heights of the Coast Range to the right.
On the shore of the Park, and pointing seaward, is the dragon figure-head of the
pioneer Empress of Japan mounted on a pedestal—a surviving relic of a noble ship.
Vancouver vanishes behind the screen of giant cedars. Over the glassy waters
of the Gulf of Georgia, habitat of the silver horde of migrating salmon, the giant
liner threads her way through the narrow channels flanked with rocky islands
clothed with mighty evergreens which rise like cathedral spires. All around are the
mountains, green and blue, their loftiest peaks capped with the eternal snows.
When San Juan island bears to port, the ship clears the sea alleys as she
approaches the outer wharves of Victoria, British Columbia's capital—a city of
beautiful gardens, homes, and a climate which appeals to those who would spend
their leisure in pleasant surroundings.
Page Ten
Empress of Canada off Diamond Head, Honolulu Ill I
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Hawaii Tourist Bureau Photo
Hawaiian Dancing Girl
Page Eleven Departure from Victoria severs the last link with the American continent.
Down the Straits of San Juan de Fuca the ship steams, the towering serrated peaks
of Washington to port and Vancouver Island to starboard. And when the heights
dip down to the sea at Cape Flattery, we gaze on the last of Pacific America as the
"Empress" greets the wide ocean and heads on her course.
The days pass all too swiftly. Seafaring in these huge clipper-liners, so symmetrically proportioned that their great bulk is scarcely apparent allays the fears of
the most timid of voyagers. Old Ocean in its most fretful mood fails to arrest their
shearing bows from the steady furrowing of the blue deeps . .the whirling screws
drive her, on and ever on, through daylight and dark. .
We have a choice of two routes to the Orient, straight across by the Direct
Express Route or via Honolulu. If we sail by the latter the bold peaks of Pacific
America seem to have but just dipped below the ocean when our eyes are entranced
by the blue loom of Hawaii's volcanic mountains on the sea-line ahead. A mere
speck at first, the Island Paradise appears to meet the ship, and as the land nears, one
is charmed with a multitude of pleasing impressions. Heights of dazzling green
against the cloud-flecked azure of the sky . . the turquoise and emerald sea break ng
snow-white on the coral reefs . . golden beaches framed with luxuriant vegetation
and the thundering surf . . palm trees swaying and rustling their fronds to the steady
blow of the North-east Trade Winds. And the whole panorama of sky, mountains
vegetation and sea, drenched in the light of the tropic sun vibrant with life and
color     Tn one short span of ocean we have leaped into another world.
Honolulu beckons you ashore . . a city of every modern convenience yet with
an atmosphere that will never be too redolent of our penetrating civilization. You
Jan lounge on the warm coral sands of famed Waikiki, swim in the exhilarating brine
o( the Pacific, ride a surf-board on the back of the great rollers rushing with breathtaking swiftness to the beach. You will carry memories of volcanoes-flaming
deities of Old Hawaii . . of gorgeous, sweet-scented flowers : .of drives which
open vi?tas of never-ending delight at every turn. You may golf, ride dine and
dance at modern hotels . . but above all you will retain impressions of the cool
star-spangled nights, the soft-eyed, smiling natives, the haunting strains of Hawaiian
musicPchfrged with love and desire, chanting episodes of maids and warriors, kings
Td Leens long gone from this island elysium. And ever in the background of
recollection you will hear again the ceaseless thunder of the surf on reef and beach
and the rustling of the palms in the steady Trade Wind blowing.
An Empress at Hong Kong
Associated Screen News Photo
Page Twelve Surf Riding at Honolulu
Fujiyama—Japan's sacred mountain
Page Thirteen ALASKA      |
Aloha! And the White Empress is westbound to the lands beyond the setting
sun. The heights of Hawaii sink astern as we steam away towards Japan. The
sea stretches wide and blue around us, ruffled by the Trades and dancing in the
sunlight. The bow-wave roars beneath the shearing stem, turning over a furrow of
snowy foam and rain-bows flash in the sprays caught up by the steady wind. Behind
us, the wake streams like a broad path, seething like champagne and eddying up
from the screws in an endless variety of eye-arresting shades. Schools of flying-fish
dart from out the sea and soar away from our passage . . one may see a dolphin or
bonito pursuing them. Porpoises play about the bows . . sea-birds attend us.
Yonder . . a puff of steam-like vapour, livid against the blue of ocean . . the black
hump of a sperm whale breaks water, rolls over lazily and descends to the depths
again with his great flukes, like a huge black butterfly, waving a nonchalant fare-
ye-well. We are steering across the realm of Moby Dick . . the vast hunting
ground of those doughty whale-men who doubled the stormy Horn so many years
ago and killed Leviathan. And this is the cruising ground of Melville, sailor-
writer, first to describe the lure of the Pacific and its fascinating isles.
Apart from the social amenities which the ship affords, all of us enjoy those
sea-nights leaning over the rail, watching the white fires of phosphorous weaving
aft from the cleaving stem or dancing in the wake as the great ship forges on into the
dark. At sea, one realizes the immensity of the world . . the vast heaving ocean
. . . the great dome of the heavens, studded with stars and snowy clouds . . . the
sea shimmering under the tropic moon.
The mighty cone of Fuji, beloved of Nipponese artists, like a guiding mound
marks our portal to the Orient and we enter Yokohama, doorway to the Isles of the
Rising Sun . . land of the chrysanthemum and the samurai. But these things . .
the color and enchantment of the East lie behind the ports, for the sea-gates of Japan,
China and the Philippines are modern, equipped with all the mechanical facilities
of the Western World. But behind yon steel and concrete factory, those smoking
chimneys, the office buildings, the warehouses, are the ancient temples, the gardens,
the palaces and tea-houses amidst the cherry-blossoms . . the miles of streets and
alleys, flamboyant with ideographic signs and streamers and lanterns and throngs
of oddly garbed little brown people . . all of it charged with the romance, the
mystery and inscrutability of the Orient, which still remains a charm and a challenge
to the Occidental mind.
Page Fourteen We can see much of lovely Japan in the time of our short ferryings to Kobe and
Nagasaki. It is all so different and in such contrast to what we have seen before,
that impressions and scenes crowd upon one another in exhilarating sequence. And
when the White Empress blows farewell to Nagasaki and steers across the Yellow
Sea, we feel that we must return again to better comprehend these intriguing Isles.
Shanghai, Hong Kong, Manila, to which our swing around the circle takes us,
have each their individuality, their essential differences in scenes and people.
Shanghai, with its modern and its teeming native city, pictures old and new China
—a China that uses telephones, electric cars and lights, and goes to the movies . .
accepting them blandly but still retaining the customs, superstitions and philosophies
of a thousand years. Hong Kong, the rock city, a spot of China westernized and
long the trading centre of European merchants, is nevertheless a place with an
atmosphere peculiarly its own, where the European has endeavoured to make the
West conform to the East by retaining the best features of each. But the age-old
customs still linger tenaciously; motor-boats herd with native sampans and junks
with mat sails wallow in the wash of great modern liners.
Manila, across the China Sea from Hong Kong, presents a new panel of the
highly-varied Eastern picture. Here to these islands in 1521 came Magellan, first
to navigate the Pacific. Here also tarried those adventurous souls that sailed in his
wake . . to refresh, trade or attempt a raid on King Philip's treasure-house. Under
Spanish domination for three centuries, Manila still retains the Spanish atmosphere
in language, place-names and numerous edifices. But the native habits and languages
still survive, apparently ineradicable. The East is still the East, and West is West,
and while they may meet, they do not mix. From the moment of our first introduction to the Orient, the voyage is a succession of days wherein the traveller
enjoys a series of pleasurable recollections and anticipations. The short sea trip
between ports comes as a comfortable interlude—a period when one may catalogue
sights and impressions.
After the crowded hours of sight-seeing, the multitudinous matters that have
commanded our interest and attention, there is a home-like atmosphere about the
ship that encourages relaxation and leisurely reflection. And when the soft-treading
courteous steward murmurs in our ear: "Tea, sir?". . you turn to him with a
pleased nod and look about with a sense of possession, a feeling of well-being that
in itself is one of the charms of voyaging in the "White Empresses of the Pacific."
Page Fifteen The
of the
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Empress of Asia
Empress of Canada
Paie Sixteen Empress of Japan
Empress of Russia
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With their white, blue-
ribboned hulls and huge,
buff-colored funnels,
sharp flaring bows and
raking cruiser sterns, the
White Empresses charm
the eyes of ship lovers
with a sense of majesty
and power
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Your "Boy"
THE Grand Vizier clapped his hands together, there was a puff of smoke, and an
Oriental slave stood before him asking humbly
what were his master's wishes. 'Bring me
oysters stewed in honey, a sweetmeat colder
than the breath of winter yet sweeter than a
maiden's breath withal, and a dish containing
ten thousand eggs of sturgeon from beyond the
Caucasian mountains', said the Vizier. The
slave bowed low, and vanished."
Which was just Scheherazade's way of
telling how a passenger on one of the great
white Empresses of the Pacific feels when he
first encounters the Oriental servants, whose
nodding heads, respectfully friendly grins, and
felt-soled slippers typify the silent,  efficient       L	
service that has superseded the supernatural in
attention yet still possesses its magic.
It does make one feel somewhat like a Grand Vizier of ancient and more colourful
days to clap one's hands together and find a smiling Chinese "boy" immediately in
attendance. And while oysters stewed in honey may be more suited to Chu Chin
Chow than the magnificent dining saloon of the Empress of Japan, yet not a "boy"
would bat an eye if asked for them. Ice cream and caviar, to give them more familiar
if less romantic names, are of course simple requests from a larder that contains 656
varieties of foods.
"Boy", the familiar call of the East, is a term that applies equally to veterans
of 30 or 40 years service and comparative youngsters of a mere 30 Chinese summers.
Age is one of the secrets of the Orient. Another secret is the art of service. Trained
though the '' boys '' in every department of Canadian Pacific Steamships are in
schools maintained in China by the Canadian Pacific, the expert service that they
render comes to them more as a heritage of their race than as a result of that training.
Whether they be making beds, bringing the morning tea or coffee, mixing cocktails, serving an al fresco luncheon on the boat deck or officiating with grave mien
and inscrutable countenance at a very formal dinner in the evening, the "boys" in
the Canadian Pacific white "Empresses" inspire the feeling that their own "face-
pidgin" is as much at stake as the earning of a wage with which to prepare for a
dignified old age when their days of travelling are over.
Your tastes may be simple or you may have private and particular whims that
have been the despair of your servants for years. Whichever it may be, it is all
one to your "boy" when you go aboard an Empress.
Before you have been at sea 24 hours he will have quietly and unobtrusively noted
your habits and without telling from that time on will anticipate your wishes.
Without fuss or emphasis it will be borne upon you that this "boy" is your own
personal attendant. And though you would not understand if you heard him,
with singsong syllables over chopsticks and rice, your boy will stoutly maintain to
his fellows in the forecastle that his passengers are without doubt the best passengers
on the ship.
Leonard Frank Photo
Page Eighteen .■■:?
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Dining Room—Empress of Japan
This cool, spacious room with its cipallinemarble
treatment, is a fitting setting for the superb cuisine
which characterizes the ships of the Canadian
Pacific White Empress Fleet
Page Nineteen :>lv< I
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There is something intriguing about being waited
on by these quiet, efficient sons of an ancient civilization—it is an education. From the Number One Boy
in each department down to the hidden workers in the
galleys they are picked men—aristocratic "slaves of the
lamp'' in a floating palace more marvellous in reality
than any dawn-inspired invention of the Sultana.
Above decks, below decks, between decks, hidden
hands work magic for your comfort. In the galleys
amid copper pots and pans that shine more brightly
than Aladdin's lamp after the rubbings of ages,
Canadian Pacific silent service toils hour after hour in
the preparation of a selection of dishes that would
stagger the imagination of the djinns themselves.
Continental confections that would delight the
hearts of epicures, homely British and North American
dishes "like Mother used to make", and weird, but
toothsome delicacies of the Orient that would be the
despair of the great Escoffier himself.
There is but one criterion—the passenger's wishes.
You may dine in the great saloon with all the gaiety
of dinner at a gala restaurant, en famille, or, in a
private dining room with a select party of your friends.
Chief and Second Stewards, Head Waiters, Number One
Boys and the "boys" themselves are actuated by only
one thought, to make you happy. And, if you wish
to elevate your boy to the seventh heaven, he will
delight to place before you Chinese delicacies once
the prerogative of Mandarins alone.
Canadian Pacific service, whether it be rendered on
the Atlantic by that famous person, the Liverpool
steward, or on the Pacific by a deft, soft-footed
Oriental, is yours to command. To its passengers every
Canadian Pacific ship is home. To the staff of the
ship every passenger is a welcome guest.
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An "In-Between" Snack
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A Tourist-Class Dining Room
! Bale Photo
Page Twenty ZkZ,
Dining Room—Empress of Canada
This charming room is designed on Georgian lines.
As on the other "White Empresses," tables are of
varying sizes to permit of friendly groups of any
number being seated together
Page Twenty-o. :>»
EVEN to the most sophisticated traveller, a trip on one of the giantesses of the
White Empress fleet is a glamorous adventure. Among the truly cosmopolitan
passenger list, conventionality gives way to conviviality; casual acquaintanceship
ripens into friendship; under the silver spell of the Pacific moon, camaraderie ripens
into romance. A true spirit of geniality prevails; days are dedicated to wholehearted enjoyment, and a thousand-and-one ways of indulging your pleasure are
open to you.
Quiet relaxation or entertaining social activity . . whatever you desire you will
find in the degree most suited to your mood aboard the White Empresses. No two
passengers exactly agree in their tastes for diversion, and for this reason the Canadian
Pacific liners are planned and directed to give each individual free rein for enjoyment.
Those who wish rest and quiet may take their ease in comfortable chairs, or stroll
the decks, enjoying the bracing tonic of the warm sea breezes, and finding true
comfort in the sumptuous furnishings, exquisite spacious interiors, faultless cuisine
and service.
Many of the passengers appreciate a more vigorous programme, and no detail is
neglected to provide them with a continual round of pleasurable excitement. Those
who frequent the decks focus their attention on the amusing games, where enjoyable
organized tournaments and impromptu matches create keen interest among the happy
throng who daily spend much of their time in the open air. Among the most
popular games are shuffleboard, deck quoits, deck tennis and baffleboard. Each is
designed to allow friendly groups to participate rather than to encourage individual
competition.    Mixed parties enjoy these brisk, gay good times.
The ship's personnel is skilful in fostering friendship between the guests, assuring
each one amusement and pleasure, and arranging stimulating social affairs. The
verandah cafe, saloons and lounge are the scene of much informal entertaining by
individuals. The magnificent "formals" in the huge Ball Room are memorable
events of each trip, glamorous nights that will be cherished in memory for years.
The promenade decks that extend on each side of the Ball Room become a
retreat for happy dancers during these delightful occasions and present a picturesque spectacle.
Shuffleboard on the Sun Deck—Empress of Japan Swimming Pools on the Empress of Japan and the Empress of Canada provide
a cooling dip and endless fun
Page Twenty-three The Dining Room is undoubtedly the most popular
rendezvous at the appointed times each day. Ihe
Lost S traveller will respond with enthusiasm to
the culinary magic of the Canadian Pacific chefs. The
perfect food and service invariably inspire a mellowing,
^The LongSery, a spacious promenade that gives
access to a/rooms on the promenade deck is a favorite
spot where passengers congregate, with the Lounge
and Smokine Room, it completes the unit that is the
centre of social activity. *In the Lounge motion
Pictures are shown, contented hours are passed in confer ation with a book of your choice from the extensive Lb^rv, or engaged at the card and backgammon
tables The Smokfnf Room finds favor with all, and
olb times are had with congenial companions and
refreshments from the menu or wine list
Mention must be made, too, of the ship s concert
when passengers, assisted often by members of the
S?s personnel, contribute to each other s enjoyment
^ M^-aTd wonmen too-can keep in wonderful trim
on the Empress liners in the gymnasium, splendidly
equipped with every health-giving device, and directed
bv a competent physical instructor. There are rowing
Snes^cycling lummies, punching bags, mechanica
horses, wrestling mats, fencing apparatus . . facilities
equal to the best athletic clubs ashore.
First Class Nursery—Empress of Canada
A..V   ■
: It P. -
A     ■
it ivi ^     ,
■ ■
I ^   aM a
II    f.      I#A    |l    |I|S|
k  ■!  ;i^l, ,1 Mai
■i;: :: ^ ,i !ii§
Main Entrance Hall—Empress of Japan
Twenty-four During the warm Pacific days, devotees of water
sports are lured to the swimming pool, where bathers
-and experienced swimmers find exercise and pleasure.
Children have not been neglected in the careful
planning of these giantess liners. For them the trip is
a veritable fairyland of joyous times. There is a
nursery and in this kiddies' paradise wooly dogs,
rocking horses, pretty dolls, playhouses, in fact toys of
every description fill the childish hours with glee.
Appointments on the White Empresses are comparable with those of the finest exclusive residential
hostelries on land. The public rooms are furnished
with sumptuous beauty.
Whether the guest prefers the deluxe suite with
adjoining sitting room or the first class cabin, the
accommodation will be found equal to his ultimate
expectations. Poster beds, tasteful furnishings, lavish
electric lighting and ventilation, steam heating,
adjoining bathrooms are only a few of the items that
give the guest a satisfying sense of home comfort.
Among the many conveniences aboard, the following items are worthy of mention: hair-dressing parlors,
manicurist, laundry, curio shop, photographic dark
room, moving pictures. Music for dancing and other
entertainments is provided by an excellent orchestra.
To travel by the White Empresses is to add the last
perfect touch to an Oriental experience.
First Class Smoking Room—Empress of Japan
Card Room, Smoking Room—Empress of Canada
Page Ttcenty-fiv Vanderpant Photo
With travellers from all parts of the Orient,
valuable silks and spices from Old Cathay,
an "Empress" arrives at Vancouver
Page Twenty-six 1 i
Wm s ■
aa! m
-"■5 's |
mi i ii
Ml !f|l
Trains direct to ship's side at Vancouver—Baggage
checked from any point in the United States or
Canada to your stateroom—Canadian Pacific offices
in the Orient for your convenience—Fifty years of
trans-Pacific experience for your guidance.
BRIEF phrases these and representing but a few of the
conveniences offered by the Canadian Pacific, yet they
are full of significance to travellers bound for the Orient.
For "east is east" and to uninitiated western eyes
Oriental ways are inscrutable—often rather paradoxical.
If you are planning a trip to Honolulu, Japan, China
or the Philippines, intelligent assistance and careful
planning are necessary if you are to get the most out of
your visit. It is for this reason that Canadian Pacific
offices have been located at every important point in
Canada and the United States. They exist to serve and
the officers are in a position, without any obligation on
your part, to render you valuable assistance.
There are important questions such as monetary
exchange, suitable clothing, visas, seasons and climate
to be discussed. The Canadian Pacific ships have been
sailing the Pacific for over fifty years and you are invited
to draw on this wealth of experience.
When you decide to travel by the " White
Empresses," Canadian Pacific agents handle your ticketing arrangements to your destination or from home-
back-home, as you may wish. A Canadian Pacific train
takes you direct to the ship's side at Vancouver. When
you step on board, your baggage is awaiting you in your
stateroom. Should you care to stop-over in Victoria,
you may join the Empress there.
In the Orient there are Canadian Pacific offices—
manned by salaried representatives—at Yokohama,
Tokyo, Tientsin, Shanghai, Hong Kong and Manila.
You may have your mail and telegrams addressed in their
care and use these offices as your headquarters in the
Orient. They will advise you what to see and when,
or where to go and how. In general they will act as your
guide, philosopher and friend.
These and similar conveniences and services, which
act as the oil in the travel machine, you will enjoy to
the full when travelling Canadian Pacific to the Orient.
Hong Kong
Page Twenty-seven OTHER. DAYS - OTHEk WAYS
WrITH decks and topsides warped and split by the sun, sails and rigging rotten,
their ornate gilding and carving tarnished, and with sea-weed and barnacles trailing from their bottoms, the lumbering Manila gaileons crept wearily into Acapulco.
As the anchors splashed overside, the ship's company raised their voices in heart-felt
Te Deums, and those who survived the dreadful voyage of from seven to nine months
from Manila to Mexico, crowded the rails, drinking in the sight of the land and
murmuring thanks to God for safe arrival.
The Manila galleons were the first "Empresses of the Pacific." For nigh two
hundred and forty years—from 1570 to 1811—the Spanish Government maintained
a service of one and two ships annually between Mexico and the Philippines. When
Spain's dominion of the Pacific crumbled, the Manila galleons passed away.
They were large ships in their day, some ranging 2,000 tons in burden. High-
sided, profusely decorated with gilded carvings, sails richly embellished, they were
sightly craft but awkward and slow when underway. They left port crammed with
cargo, provisions, armament and hundreds of sailors, soldiers and passengers. Only
the higher officers and wealthy passengers were accommodated in the stern-castles.
The sailors, soldiers and common herd slept on deck exposed to wind, rain, dew and
boarding seas. And a high percentage of those who joined the ship were doomed
to die ere the final port was reached.
Infested with rats and vermin, lacking proper ventilation and sanitary arrangements, crudely navigated and with officers poorly acquainted with the winds and
currents of the Pacific, the galleons rolled their tedious way across the lonely ocean.
After the first month at sea, the food served was of the plainest description and often
putrid. Ships seldom arrived without much sickness and loss of life from scurvy,
beri-beri and exposure.
Running to Manila with the Trade Winds, the passages took from seventy-five
to ninety days, but beating against those winds on the eastward course, the ships
took from seven to nine months. "The longest and most dreadful voyage of any in
the world," wrote a passenger in 1697. Crossings had been made for two hundred
years, yet the Spanish navigators had never sighted the Hawaiian Islands. Had they
done so, and used the Islands as a base for refreshing and refitting, much of the
hardship of the passage would have been eliminated.
On one voyage, the San Nicolas staggered into port after losing 330 of her crew
and passengers. Out of 400 persons who embarked in another, 208 stepped ashore in
Acapulco. The latter days of the voyage were days of horror—decks littered with
sick and dying and only the black-robed Jesuit priests to comfort them. There was
no surety of safe arrival in these "Galleons of Death."
Added to the perils of the crossing was the continual fear of attack by English
and Dutch adventurers—bold and desperate men who way-laid the lumbering Spanish
craft in the hope of securing the rich treasures which they usually carried.    Thomas
Cavendish took the great Santa Anna off California in
1587; Captain, Woodes Rogers raided another, and Commodore Anson in 1743 captured the galleon Nostra Senora
de Cabadonga off the Philippines and gained a prize worth
more than a million and a half in Spanish dollars.
The Pacific was an unknown sea to Europeans until it
was first sighted from the peaks of Panama by Vasco
Nunez de Balboa in 1513. Seven years later, Ferdinand
Magellan crossed the "Great South Sea" from the Straits
which bear his name to the Ladrones or Marianne
Islands. For ninety-eight days Magellan sailed on over
an ocean that seemed illimitable. Food and water ran
low and bad; scurvy broke out among the crew and
their sufferings were terrible. Magellan was implored
to abandon the voyage and turn back. "I'll push on,"
he said grimly, "if we have to eat the leather off the
rigging!" And before the Ladrones were sighted, his
wretched sailors were devouring ox-hides, rats and sawdust. But throughout the long and dreadful voyage,
the weather was so fine and the sea so smooth, that
Magellan called the ocean El Mar Pacifico.
Fifty-eight years later came Francis Drake. Like
Balboa, he had sighted the Pacific from the Panama
peaks and prayed God that he be allowed to live "and
sail once in an English ship on that Sea." In the Golden
Hind, Drake threaded the Straits of Magellan and coasted
Page Twenty-eight leisurely up the shores of Chile and Peru. After raiding the Spanish settlements and
capturing the galleon Cacafuego with a vast treasure, he sailed as far north as Cape
Flattery. From thence he struck boldly across the Pacific, reaching the Pellew
Islands, east of the Philippines, after a passage of sixty-eight days. This was the
first traverse of the Pacific by an English ship.
On the heels of Magellan and Drake, numerous voyageurs, English, Portuguese
and Dutch, and latterly French and American, ventured into the Pacific on expeditions of discovery, trade or war. The records of these ventures are among the most
thrilling of maritime exploits.
In the eighteenth century, a few trading voyages across the North Pacific were
conducted from China in English vessels, but it was not until the discovery of gold
in California in 1849 that trans-Pacific crossings by merchant ships became more
frequent. The swift American clippers from New York and Boston, after landing
their passengers and cargo in San Francisco, often proceeded across to China, there
to load teas and silks for Great Britain and the Eastern United States. These beautiful sailing ships went from San Francisco to Honolulu, thence to Hong Kong,
making the passage to the latter port in 32 to 40 days. In the 'fifties these passages
were regarded as being remarkably fast.
As late as 1882, passengers desiring to go from Eastern America to China travelled
by steamer from New York to Aspinwall, thence across the isthmus to Panama by
rail, and from there by steamer to San Francisco, where connection was made with
steamer to the Orient.
The early years of the 'eighties saw the steel rails of the Canadian Pacific Railway
being laid down through the mountain passes of British Columbia. On July 4th,
1886, the road reached the Pacific at the saw-mill village of Port Moody, near what
is now the city of Vancouver. The last spike had hardly been driven before the
American barque W. B. Flint arrived alongside the tracks laden with a cargo of
17,430 half-chests of tea from Yokohama for shipment east over the new line. This
little 800 ton wooden sailing vessel was the pioneer ship of the trans-Pacific route
linking up with the Canadian Pacific Railway.
Following the W. B. Flint came the German barque Belgia from Yokohama
with 330 tons of tea after a record passage of 22>^ days from Japan to Cape Flattery
—a run which proved the advantage of the North Pacific route to and from the
Orient in eliminating time at sea. On the heels of the Belgia came the Nova Scotia
S.S. Abyssinia, first Canadian Pacific ship in the Orient service
Page Twenty-nine barque Carrie Delap with teas from Hiogo and Yokohama, and from then on,
Vancouver sprang into favour as the Gateway to the Far East.
But the trans-Pacific route was not to be popularized with sailing ships, and
the Canadian Pacific, within a year or two of the completion of the road, laid plans
to build a fleet of steamships for the Oriental passage that would be second to none
for comfort, luxury and speed. As early as 1887, however, the Canadian Pacific
had three ships sailing under its house-flag, having chartered from a Glasgow
ship-builder the Abyssinia, Batavia and Parthia.
Thereupon followed, in 1891, the first "White Empresses of the Pacific," the
Empress of India, Empress of Japan and Empress of China. With three tail masts, two
raking funnels, graceful clipper stems and overhanging sterns, these steamers were
rated as being "the most beautiful ever put into the water in modern times.'' Painted
white and with buff-colored funnels, varnished deck-houses and boats, the pioneer
"Empresses" had the appearance of great yachts, which, coupled with their sea-
speeds of 17 to 18 knots gave them the undisputed reputation during their existence
of being the finest ships in trans-Pacific service.
From the builder's yard in England, they came out to the Pacific coast via Suez,
Ceylon and China, and on this occasion the Canadian Pacific Railway established the
first "round the world" tours by issuing tickets on these ships from Great Britain to
Vancouver, thence by the railroad across Canada to an Atlantic port, and return to
Great Britain by any line of Atlantic steamships. The idea proved so attractive that
every berth was taken in the three "Empresses" and the tour successfully accomplished.    This was forty years ago.
Until the arrival of the "Empresses" on the Pacific, the average steam passage
from America to Japan was 22 days and 30 days to Hong Kong. Thefpioneer
"Empresses" cut the time to 10 days between Vancouver and Yokohama, and 17
days to Hong Kong, including stops. The Empress of Japan, in August, 1891, landed
the mails in Victoria in 9 days, 19 hours, 39 minutes from Yokohama. These were
transported via Canadian Pacific Railway across Canada and, catching the Atlantic
steamer at New York, were landed in London in 20 days, 9 hours from Yokohama.
This cut the usual time of delivery in half, caused a great sensation and "a new era
was commenced in Oriental travel." During their whole term of service, these
graceful, yacht-like steamships maintained their places as "White Empresses of the
1 1        Page Thirty
Strange craft meet the eye in the Oriental Ports
 1 i
The "W. B. Flint "pioneer in linking the Canadian Pacific Railway with Oriental Trade
Figurehead of the first Empress of Japan
There is a tradition of the sea that fine ships never die but are re-incarnated in
new and more modern hulls. Though the original "Empresses" have passed away,
their places have been taken by a new series of ships complying with the demands
of the service and the times. The present "White Empresses of the Pacific," the
Empress of Japan, Empress of Canada, Empress of Russia and Empress of Asia form a
fleet comprising the largest and fastest ships to and from the Orient.
Page Thirty-one 1     CANADA
>N Pi
i C'jvic     W/7H
IvJLrlv^       W U
Traffic Agents in Canada and the United States for Canadian-Australasian Line
General Agents in Canada for Peninsular & Oriental Steam Navigation Company (P. & O.)
K. A. Cook
404 C. & S.N. Bank Building
L. R. Hart
405 Boylston Street
W. P. Wass
160 Pearl Street
E. A. Kenney
71 East Jackson Boulevard
M. E. Malone
201 Dixie Terminal Building
G. H. Griffin
1010 Chester Avenue
H. C. James
906 Kirby Building
1                  DETROIT
Mich.   -
G. G. McKay
1231 Washington Boulevard
R. W. Greene
106A Canadian Pacific Building
P. G. Jefferson
Merchants Bank Building
R. G. Norris
723 Walnut Street
Wm. Mcllroy
621 South Grand Avenue
1                  MEMPHIS
M. K. McDade
35 Porter Building
H. M. Tait
611 Second Avenue South
D. R. Kennedy
201 St. James Street, West
G. S. Reid
Dominion Square Building
J. S. Carter
Baker and Ward Streets
E. T. Stebbing
Can.Pac.Bldg., Madison &44th
C. H. White
87 Main Street West
H. J. Clark
803 Woodmen of World Bldg.
J. A. McGill
83 Sparks Street
J. C. Patteson
1500 Locust Street
W. A. Shackelford
338 Sixth Avenue
W. H. Deacon
148A Broadway
C. A. Langevin
Palais Station
F. L. Nason
675 Market Street
G. R. Swalwell
Canadian Pacific Building
I                  SEATTLE
E. L. Sheehan
1320 Fourth Avenue
C. B. Andrews
40 King Street
1                  ST. LOUIS
G. P. Carbrey
412 Locust Street
1                 SPOKANE
E. L. Cardie
Old National Bank Building
1                 TACOMA
J. T. Hodge
1113 Pacific Avenue
1                 TORONTO
J. B. Mackay
Can. Pac. Bldg., King&Yonge
I                 VANCOUVER
J. J. Forster
Can. Pac. Ry. Station
L. D. Chetham
1102 Government Street
C. E. Phelps
14th and New York Ave., N.W.
W. C. Casey
Main St. & Portage Ave.
E. Schmitz
25 Quai Jordaens
Canadian Pacific
9 Place de la Gare Cent.
W. H. Boswell
14 Donegall Place
A. W. Treadaway
Unter den Linden 17-18
W. T. Treadaway
4 Victoria Square
A. S. Ray
18 St. Augustine's Parade
G. L. M. Servais
98 Blvd. Adolphe Max
Canadian Pacific
46 Quai Alexandre III.
A. T. McDonald
44 Dawson Street
1                  DUNDEE
H. H. Borthwick
88 Commercial Street
1                  GLASGOW
C. L. Crowe
25 Bothwell Street
1                 GOTHENBERG
Uno, Andersson
S. Hamngatan 45
1                  HAMBURG
T. H. Gardner
Alsterdamm 9
1                 HAVRE
J. M. Currie &Co..
2 Rue Pleuvry
H. T. Penny
Pier Head
C. E. Jenkins
62 Charing Cross
G. Saxon Jones
103 Leadenhall Street
R. L. Hughes
31 Mosley Street
1                 OSLO
Eirik Flatebo
Jernbanetorvet 4
|                 PARIS
A. V. Clark
24 Blvd. des Capucines
A. Ross Owen
130 Via Del Tritone
J. Springett
91 Coolsingel
1                 SOUTHAMPTON
H. Taylor
Canute Road
1                 STOCKHOLM
J. H. Kullander
Vasagatan 8
F. A. King
6 Opernring
Java, China, Japan Lijn
Jardine, Matheson & Co.
Bryner & Co.
Y. Tanaka & Co.
25 Daichomachi, 1 Chome
China Travel Service
International Sleeping Car Co
I                HONG KONG
A. M. Parker
Opposite Blake Pier
J. H, Morris
21 Teido Street
B. G. Ryan
7 Harima-machi
A. A. De Mello
J. R. Shaw
14 Calle David
Bryner & Co.
1                 NAGASAKI
Holme, Ringer & Co.
China Travel Service
A. C. Henning & Co.
G. E. Costello, 4 The Bund
Wurui Shokwai
A. J. S. Parkhill
W. R. Buckberrough
International Sleeping Car Co
E. Hospes
21 Yamashita-cho
J. SLATER, Traffic Manager, Can, Pac.
Ry., for Australia and New Zealand, Union House, Sydney, N.S.W.                                 m il
A. W. ESSEX, Passenger Manager, Can
Pac. Ry., for New Zealand, Auckland,
N.Z.                                                                                ■ ■
i                  ADELAIDE
MacDonald, Hamilton & Co.
Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)                                                                           ■ 1
■                  BRISBANE
MacDonald, Hamilton & Co.
Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)                                                                           1 ■
I                  DUNEDIN
Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
MacDonald, Hamilton & Co.
9 B
(Union S.S. of New Zealand (Ltd.) Thos. Cook & Co.
I H. Boyer, 59 Williams St.
MacDonald. Hamilton & Co.
Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
H. G. DRING                           EDWARD STONE
General Passenger Agent,    European Passengei
Manager,   General Passenger Agent,
Steamship General Passenger Agent,
Hong Kong
Steamship General Passenger Agent,        Steamship General Passenger Agent,       General Passenger Agent, Cruises
Steamship General Passenger,     Asst. Steamship Passenger Traffic Manager,    Steamship Passenger Traffic Manager,
Montreal Australia and
New Zealand
via Honolulu and Suva
T 7TSIT the picturesque lands under
▼ the Southern Cross . . . Australia
and  New  Zealand.    Tour  the  sunny
South Pacific and South Sea Islands.
This year realize your boyhood dreams.
Follow   in   the   footsteps   of   Captain
Cook ... see Sydney Harbour.   Revel
in the land of the "Maoris."    Visit the
haunts of Robert Louis Stevenson, forgetting  the  cares  of life under  star-
spangled skies beside blue lagoons.
From Vancouver (trains direct to ship's
side) or Victoria, take the modern high
speed motor ship, Aorangi, or her running mate, Niagara.     Outdoor swimming pools on both ships . . . every
device  for  comfort  in  tropic  waters.
You sail for enchanted days via Honolulu and Suva.
Enjoy Canadian-Australasian's veteran
experience   in   South   Pacific   travel.
Take advantage of the new low fares.
Canadian Pacific represents the Canadian-Australasian Line in Canada and
the United States.
Line   .   .   . 


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