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The Chung Collection

Mediterranean cruise 1925 Canadian Pacific Steamships Limited 1925

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Empress of Scotland
Ihe Mediterranean
HPHE treasures recovered from the tomb of Tutankhamen have
turned the eyes of the world upon the Mediterranean, and there
are few to-day who do not desire to visit Egypt and the ancient cities
of the great inland sea which bathes the shores of Africa, Asia and
Europe. What the excavators and historians are revealing is that
the Mediterranean races have been linked together by trade and
intercommunication for six thousand years. While therefore there
is an individual fascination in the historic centres of Cadiz and
Seville, of Algiers and Tunis, of Jerusalem, Damascus and Constantinople, of Athens, Naples and Rome, these have grown up in relation
to each other from time immemorial, so that a cruise such as that of
the "Empress of Scotland," which comprehends them all, has a unique
educational value. America itself is concerned in this ancient history,
for Christopher Columbus was delayed in his voyage of discovery
by the distraction of the Spanish Court during the struggle to drive
the Moors out of Grenada back .to North Africa.
The Phoenicians, first rulers of the seas and the great trading
nation of the ancient times, planted a colony at the mouth of the
Quadalquivir nearly five thousand years ago, and from this rich
region of Spain came the Tarshish ships bearing metals for Solomon's
temple. These hardy sea-rovers, their frail vessels propelled by
oarsmen, the slaves captured in war, skirted the land out through
the gates of Hercules, up the west coast of Europe, penetrating as
far as the southern coast of Britain. Here the remains of their long
abandoned tin mines can still be seen. It is interesting to realize that on
her trip from Alexandria to Southampton the "Empress of Scotland"
will follow the route first followed by them.
Climate and circumstances have fortunately preserved many of
the ruins and authentic traces of the ancient civilizations, and the
newer growths have also their own picturesque romance .and charm.
Every moment of this Mediterranean cruise will therefore be charged
with interest.
Page Two
wSteOH M-V
The Empress of Scotland
Enterprising Lace Merchants
Sledges at Funchal
Page Three t
Madeira — Lishon
X^"NOWN to the Romans as the Purple Islands on account of a
local dye, MADEIRA was colonized by the Portuguese early in
the fifteenth century. Christopher Columbus married the daughter*
of a sea-captain of Madeira and thus became interested in the adventure which discovered America to Europe. Funchal, the capital
and port of call, gleams like a jewel in its setting of sea-cliffs and
lofty mountains. Gaily coloured houses, lovely gardens, brilliant
costumes natural to a sunny climate, give a pleasant welcome to
those who step ashore after seven days at sea. In the evening the
Vigia gardens, lit by countless coloured lanterns, tempt the visitor
with music and the attractions of a casino. There will be a trip
up the inclined railway to Terreiro de Lucta, to a point commanding
a magnificent panorama, 3,300 feet above the sea. Descent can be
made by railway or by toboggan.
LISBON—the name itself is a description of the site—was
founded by the Phoenicians, who called it "alis ubbo" or friendly
harbour. The friendly harbour it has remained to all the nations
of the world. Here the Roman triremes took shelter, here the
Moorish galley and the Spanish galleon rode at anchor, here the
ships of the crusaders were provisioned before setting out for the
Holy Land. Lisbon saw the great Armada in all its glory, and the
battleships of the last war.
Terraces of white and tinted buildings, gaily tiled and set amid
the vivid foliage of semi-tropical gardens, rise behind the twelve
miles of waterfront where Lisbon sits enthroned at the mouth of
the Tagus. Modern Lisbon, to judge by our new world standards,
has a history of many years behind it. The Se or Cathedral was
founded in n50 A.D. It has a sumptuous Gothic portal, and the
Monastery adjoining the church of Santa Maria or Jeronymosis is
enriched with lovely cloisters of the Renaissance type of architecture
known as the Manueline and limited to Portugal and the west of
Spain. The church itself, adorned with carved stone columns,
fan vaulting and altars inlaid with precious metals, contains the
tombs of Vasco de Gama, the explorer, and Camoens, the epic
poet. The Castello de Sao Jorge, in the same old part of the city,
is a Moorish citadel, now used as a fort and barracks.
Page Four *C_'*ki_a  ■It'll     J&Lliil       —trtl1  .rfS^l lii-'*
A Square, Funchal
Lisbon—Place Dom Pedro IV
{Ewing Calloway)
Page Five £
Page Six
{""'ADIZ, gleaming white on an azure sea, and guarding with heavy
ramparts the delta of the Quadalquivir from the head of a long
and narrow peninsula, dates back to the early days of the Phoenicians,
to whom it was known a thousand years before Christ as Gadeira or
Gades. About 500 B.C. it became a Roman outpost on the Atlantic,
famous for its luxurious life, its wines and its dancing girls. As
a city of Spain it grew in wealth and importance after the discovery
of America and the Indies. While the public buildings lack the rich
and ornate magnificence of the cities of the interior, the terraced
houses, with view towers and balconies, the charm and picturesque-
ness of the people, the clean, busy streets, make this visit to Cadiz a
delightful introduction to old Spain. The two cathedrals, the Church
of Los Capuchinos, where Murillo fell to his death while painting his
picture of the Betrothal of St. Catherine, the Academy of Fine Arts,
and the view from the signal tower are points of particular interest.
Unfailing entertainment and the opportunity of studying the types
of humanity on the Spanish Coast are found in the. promenades and
public gardens, the Muralla del Mar, the Alameda, the Parque
Genoves and the Botanical Gardens.
The railway trip to SEVILLE passes through the fertile plains
which even in Roman times were known as the garden of Europe.
Seville, an inland port of ancient renown and still prosperous traffic,
contains in the Alcazar, in the rose-red observation tower of the
Giralda, and in the solitary golden tower, memorials of Moorish
splendour dating from the days when this was the capital of Europe.
The houses are Moorish still, white with green balconies and central
court and fountains, set in narrow streets or around spacious squares
fragrant with orange groves. The stately Cathedral incorporates
both a Roman temple and a Moorish mosque, seen particularly in the
Court of Oranges, with its glorious bronze doors, and in the Giralda.
The animated street-life of Seville has often been painted, described and even set to music—as in Rossini's "Barbiere di Siviglia."
The townsfolk and the peasants of the surrounding country have
preserved many of the curious old customs which have died out in
other parts of Spain.
From Seville there is an optional excursion to Granada (for the
Alhambra), rejoining the ''Empress" at Gibraltar.
*— Cadiz Cathedral
The Alhambra-1—Court of
the Lions
(Ewing Galloway)
Seville—A Bull Fight
(Ewing Galloway)
Page Seven L__1
KSBUme^--'- rK&Kianno
Page Eight
fybmllar- |
T-TERCULES is said to have torn aside the rocks which separated the
Mediterranean from the Atlantic, and GIBRALTAR was therefore known to the ancients as one of the two Pillars of Hercules,
testifying to that feat of strength, Abyla on the African side of the
straits being the other. Known to the Greek and Roman mariners
as Calpe, the present name is formed from the Arabic words
"Gebel al Tarick" (the height or rock of Tarick), since Tarick Ibn
Zeiad, the general of the Caliph Valid at the time of the Conquest of
Spain by the Moors (711 A.D.) landed at the foot of the rock, upon
which he built a strong fortress. Used immediately as a base of
operations, the history of Gibraltar is, from this time, a history of the
Moorish domination of southern Spain, and its fall in 1462 marks the
break-up of the western Caliphate. Henry IV, King of Spain,
incautiously entrusted the fortress to the care of the Duke of Medina-
Sidonia, who attempted to hold it as his personal property. For
thirty years sovereign and subject struggled for the great prize,
victory in the end resting with the large battalions. Spain held the
rocky promontory for two centuries, and lost it to-Great Britain in
the war of the Spanish Succession. It has remained in British hands
ever since. In the war which broke out in 1779 between Great
Britain and Spain, Gibraltar underwent its famous four-year siege.
It was ably and successfully defended by General Elliot. This was
one of the most notable sieges of modern times.
As Gibraltar is primarily a fortress and a naval base, every effort,
in view of war contingencies, is made to prevent any increase in the
population. Sanitary laws modelled on English statutes, but drafted
with a very different object in view, are used with some ingenuity
to reduce the available space for housing. The poor are thus being
pushed across the border to the Spanish town of La Linea de la
Concepcion, from where they come daily to work in the fortress-city.
The permanent residents, of whom about thirty thousand still
remain, are of a very various origin. Turbaned Arabs in burnous
mingle in the street with British soldiers and Jewish merchants.
The Alameda, a public park, planted with beautiful trees and flowers,
is much favoured as a promenade. A carriage drive for the passengers of the "Empress of Scotland" has been arranged through the
Alameda to Europa Point, at the extreme end of the peninsula.
». M
—^- SA
(Publishers Photo Service)
Page Nine ■—
Page Ten
A LGIERS, a city that seems at first sight almost as if carved out of
an ivory hill, was founded by an Arab prince in 935, but never
attained much importance until the expulsion of the Moors from Spain
in 1492, when it became the chief stronghold of the Barbary Corsairs.
For over three hundred years these exacted terrible tribute in ships,
in merchandise, in men and women from their Christian enemies.
Perhaps the most famous of these Corsairs were the two brothers
Barbarossa. Cervantes, the author of "Don Quixote," was one of the
countless thousands of unfortunates thrown into the pent-house of
the Souk-el-Abeed, or slave market of this piratical city. When
they were not at war with the Christian Powers the Corsairs preyed
on those who did not contribute to their support. At the beginning
of the last century every country of commercial importance was
paying tribute to the rulers of the pirates. As part of this tribute
was always in the form of armed ships, naval stores and ammunition,
the civilized powers were furnishing the means for their own destruction. In 1815 the Americans, in consequence of a dispute over the
amount to be paid, refused to contribute and sent a naval force under
Decatur to attack Algiers. In a short time he compelled the Dey to
sue for peace, and extracted from him a pledge that American traders
would be immune. Great Britain did the same in the following year,
and France captured the city of Algiers in 1829, since which time it
has been a French possession. A vivid picture of Algiers in Corsair
times may be found in Rafael Sabatini's romance "The Sea Hawk."
To-day the shopping districts of the lower town and the spacious
residential suburbs are modern and French. Here are located the
government buildings, the barracks, the commercial warehouses,
and the residences of the Governor-General and the other government
officials. The old town, higher up the hill, has an oriental aspect.
Its crowning point is the Kasbah, or Palace of the Deys, about five
hundred feet above the sea. The French dismantled the fortifications, cut a roadway through the Mosque which was connected with
them, and permitted the entire building to fall to ruins. You can still
see traces of the treasure vaults and slave dungeons of the Deys.
The streets of the native city are narrow, crooked and dirty
beyond belief. The houses are strong, prison-like edifices with iron
grated slits for windows, looking not on to the street but into the
central quadrangle, which can be entered only by a small and easily
guarded door.
JfyiA   I v.«Sfel*
mm Page Eleven mmmmmm
At fans 1
CO beautiful is ATHENS that although Greece has been overrun
^ by many barbarian conquerors—Goths, Ostro-Goths and Turks
•—these have refrained from their usual vandalism, with the result
that surprisingly little damage has been done to the Attic temples
except by age—although the Parthenon was almost destroyed by an
explosion during the siege of 1687. Dominating Athens is the Acropolis. The western front of this is entered by the gateway of the
Propylaea, near which is the temple of the Wingless Victory, with an
exquisitely beautiful frieze. On the north is the Erechtheum,
notable for the famous porch of the Caryatides or sculptured maidens
who support the roof. The ruins of the Parthenon occupy the summit. Traces of Christian paintings on the inner walls recall the
period when the Parthenon was used as a Church, and the stairs of
the Minaret erected during the Turkish occupation still stand. Much
of the frieze that was not abstracted by Lord Elgin is preserved in
the Acropolis Museum, below which is the Theatre of Dionysius,
where the immortal tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides
were played. This open-air theatre seated 16,000 in classic times,
with a front row of marble chairs. The reliefs supporting the stage
are Roman, dating from the time of Nero.
The marble Theseon on Apostle Paul Street, near the railway
station, is considered to be in better preservation than any other of
the ancient Greek temples. On the other hand, only fifteen columns
remain of the original hundred of the temple of Zeus Olympius,
which is reputed to have been the second largest Greek temple in
history. The approach to this was through the Arch of Hadrian.
Near this Arch is the circular temple of Lysicrates, used originally
for the display of trophies at the Dionysian festivals.
The new Stadium, seating 60,000 spectators, provided the arena
for the Olympic Games in 1906. It is built on the site of the goal of
the historic Marathon race.
Among the other interesting places is Mars Hill, where St. Paul
preached to the Athenians. The National Archaeological Museum
has a unique collection of Mycenean antiquities discovered by
Dr. Schliemann, the excavator of ancient Troy. The Hill of the
Pnyx, with the rock platform from which Athenian orators addressed
the Assembly on matters of moment, affords a view of the Acropolis
which shouldjjct be missed. Another fine view can be obtained from
Museum Hill.
Page Twelve The Caryatidae
Greek National Costume
The Acropolis
Page Thirteen WBWWSJeKBWBf i
A 7~ERY beautiful is the sea route between Athens, Constantinople,
" and Beyrout. The Strait of the Dardanelles, known to the
. Greeks as the Hellespont, which was swum by Hero and Leander
and later by Lord Byron, is guarded at the entrance by the
castles of Sedil Bahr and Kum Kaleh, and farther on by the Old
Castle of Anatolia and the Old Castle of Rumelia. The land on
the right is the land of Troy, famous for the great siege, the incidents
in which are sung in Homer's "Iliad." At the entrance to the Sea of
Marmora, on the left, is the town of Gallipoli, a name of tragic memory
in the recent war. The Strait of the Dardanelles is 47 miles long and
from 3 to 4 miles broad. Most beautiful of all is the vision of the city
on the Golden Horn, with its domes and minarets, palaces and ancient
walls. "Formed by Nature," says Edward Gibbon, the historian,
"for the centre and capital of agreatmonarchy," CONSTANTINOPLE
was the creation of a Roman Emperor who ransacked the temples
of Italy, Greece and Syria to enrich and adorn this, his Eastern
throne-city. The oldest of these imported trophies, the Serpent
Column, taken from the Oracle Sanctuary at Delphi, still stands in
the Hippodrome. The splendor of the city one sees to-day is, however, due more to the later Emperor Justinian, who, in the sixth
century, with the aid of a great architect, Anthemios, made Constantinople the wonder, just as it was the centre of the civilized world.
Of the Turkish Sultans, the greatest of the builders was Suleyman,
whose magnificent mosque is a reminder of the luxurious Court to
which in the sixteenth century every bazaar in the East paid tribute.
"Stamboul the immemorial, still the same as when the old Khalifs had
looked out on it; as when Suleyman the Great had imagined and created
its noble outline by adding the finest of the cupolas—a ghost, a magnificent
ghost of the past, is this city, still standing, with its endless spindles of stone,
so slender, so light, that how they have lasted is a marvel."
Pierre Loti, in "Disenchanted."
On arrival at Constantinople the "Empress of Scotland" will
proceed up the Bosphorus as far as the entrance to the Black Sea.
Drives have been arranged round Constantinople, facilitating
visits to the Galata Tower, the Seraglio, Sancta Sophia, the Hippodrome, the China Mosque of Ahmed I, and the fascinating bazaars of
Page Fourteen Street Merchants in Constantinople
(Publishers Photo Service)
Seraglio Point
(Keystone View Co )
Sancta Sophia
(Publishers Photo Service)
Page Fifteen The H Land
From Constantinople we go to BEYROUT, a city that, although
it is situated in the oldest part of the world, is essentially modern.
An important seaport in the great Phoenician Empire, and for long
the seat of a well-known school of jurisprudence in the Roman
Empire, recognized as one of the three official law schools by the
Emperor Justinian, Beyrout had fallen from its high estate, and in
1844 had become a small town of perhaps 8,000 people. Its rapid
growth since then is the result of its new-born commercial importance,
created by the genius and patience of nineteenth-century Frenchmen.
It is the centre of the Eastern silk industry, and in addition is a large
exporter of olive oil, sesame seed, tobacco and wool. The harbour of
the new town was built by French capitalists, who desired an export-
. ing terminus for their railway through northern Palestine.
The "Empress" will arrive here early in the morning, and after
giving those on board an opportunity to drive about the town, will
sail that evening for Haifa, where she will lie at anchor for a week,
to give her passengers an unrivalled opportunity to explore the
HOLY LAND. For those who desire it there will be an excursion
overland, from Beyrout to DAMASCUS, a city which was contemporary with Sodom and Gomorrah, and is the oldest city in the world.
You can pass along the "Street called Straight" and see the very
wall down which St. Paul was let in a basket. The bazaars are the
most fascinating in the Orient, made up of vaulted streets with
niches for stores. Shoes inlaid with mother-of-pearl, sugared almonds, brass and silverware, rugs, inlaid woodwork, rubies, silks,
these and a thousand other things attract and tempt the passer-by.
Not the least attractive of the many wonders of this city is its extraordinary population. Here are to be found representatives of every
nation of the world, all crying their wares and asking you just six
times the price which they are willing to accept.
From Damascus we go south to the SEA OF GALILEE, upon
• the waters of which Christ walked and in which many of the Apostles
fished for a living. The names of the surrounding towns are redolent
of the story of the Bible. Tiberias, Magdala, the steep place down
which plunged the Gadarene swine, the slope on which Christ
preached his Sermon on the Mount—all these are to be seen and
reverently visited beside the Sea of Galilee. The Greek church at
Cana of Galilee contains an earthen jar which is claimed to be one
Page Sixteen The "Street called Straight,"
(E. M. Newman)
{Ewing Galloway)
Page Seventeen. mm
of those into which the water was turned into wine at the marriage
feast; and the spring is still shown from which water is said to have
been drawn for Christ's first miracle. At Capernaum the Franciscan
monks are excavating the synagogue in which Christ preached.
Fishermen are still drawing their nets as in the days of the Apostles.
"The soil of the plain of Gennesareth is wonderfully rich, wild flowers spring
up everywhere. Tulips, anemones and irises carpet the ground. The plain
is almost, a parallelogram, shut in on the north and south by steep cliffs,
nearly a thousand feet high, broken her.e and there into terraces, but nowhere
easily to be climbed. On the west side the hills recede not quite so precipitously, and streams of black basalt boulders encroach upon the plain. The
shore line is gently embayed and the beach is pearly white—one mass of
triturated fresh-water shells—and edged by a fringe of the exquisitely lovely
Dr. Tristram.
Many places in NAZARETH are identified with the boyhood of
Jesus—Mary's well, the fountain of still water to which the women
still bring their jars, the grotto of the Carpenter's shop found under
an old church built by the crusaders. The hill above Nazareth
commands a famous view of Palestine, stretching from Mount
Hermon to Benjamin and from the Jordan valley to the Mediterranean.
"However deep the builder may be obliged to dig to reach it, no other foundation than the virgin rock contents the Nazarene. The craftsmen ply their
several trades; always seated, if it be possible, either at their doors, or in the
street. Most of the old-fashioned tools are still in use; but in carpenters'
shops the modern innovation of a work-bench has been introduced, so that the
carpenter stands at his work instead of sitting with his plank on his lap, as
it is possible that Joseph the carpenter did nineteen hundred years ago.
The dwellings, as elsewhere in the East, are not cumbered with much furniture."
Dr. John Fulton, in "Palestine, the Holy Land."
Those who came overland from Damascus will now rejoin the
other travellers at Haifa. Every foot of the ground is hallowed with
memories, and it is difficult to select what to do in the seven days of
our stay in the land of the Bible. Three days are allotted to Jerusalem itself, which is five hours by rail from Haifa.
Page Eighteen
I  0&
JERUSALEM has been destroyed and rebuilt so often (sixteen
times at least) that some of the streets in David's royal city are
now eighty feet underground. The walls built by David and Solomon
have disappeared, but traces of the wall of Herod may still be seen
near the Wailing Place of the Jews.
The Church of the Holy Sepulchre is built on the traditional rock
of Calvary, and in the centre of the church is the traditional tomb of
Christ. The Mosque of Omar covers the rock on the summit of
Mount Moriah on which Abraham offered the sacrifice of Isaac.
Here was the original Temple of Solomon, and here, according to the
Mohammedans, the Angel Gabriel will blow the Last Trump.
"DETHLEHEM is only a few miles from Jerusalem. The road
from the Jaffa gate follows the route taken by the Wise Men
from the East. It passes the field of Boaz where Ruth gleaned her
wheat, and the field in which the Shepherds watched their sheep.
It passes near the spot where David slew Goliath. It passes a
square building with a dome known as Rachel's Tomb, built on
or near the pillar that Jacob set up on his wife's grave.
The Church of the Nativity is built on the site of a grotto which
tradition identifies with the birthplace of Jesus. This was built
by the Emperor Constantine in 330 A.D. and is thus the oldest
Christian edifice in the world. It is held jointly by the three sects
of the Latin, Greek and Armenian churches. The Shrine of the
Nativity is lit up with fifteen lamps whiph are never allowed to go
To-day Bethlehem is busy with the manufacture of rosaries and
of crucifixes of olive-wood and mother-of-pearl. The women have a
distinctive and picturesque costume, with head-dress richly ornamented.
From Haifa there is an optional trip, by motor, to Nazareth,
Tiberias, and the Sea of Galilee, and another to Jericho.
Page Twenty k
Selling Bread at Jaffa Gate
A Water Carrier
At the Church of the Holy Sepulchre
The Via Dolorosa, Jerusalem
Page Twenty-one Alexandria-Cairo
TpWO thousand years before Abraham pitched his tent on the banks
of the Nile, the Sphinx was.carved out of the solid rock and four
civilizations had waxed and waned in Egypt. Here indeed are the
earliest records of human culture in the Mediterranean basin, records
which are being added to day by day.
ALEXANDRIA, the port where the "Empress of Scotland" will
land her passengers, was founded about 331 B.C. by Alexander the
Great, and remained the capital of Egypt for the Greeks and the
Romans over a thousand years. Under the Caesars it grew to be
second only to Rome. To-day the Royal Palaces where Cleopatra
once reigned in voluptuous splendour have sunk, with the land they
were built on, under the sea. The train journey of 130 miles from
Alexandria to CAIRO passes through the fertile Nile Delta, the
soil in which, silting up at the rate of four inches in a century, is
over 70 feet deep. No wonder that from time immemorial there has
been "corn in Egypt."
The first Arab settlement at Cairo was Fustat, the City of Tents,
dating from about 641 A.D. This was near the .modern tower of
Heliopolis beside the fortress of On, the ruins of which still remain.
At On there was once a University at which Moses and Plato in
their day were students. Cairo itself, the City of the Caliphs'
Palaces, was established in 969 by Saladin, the chivalrous leader of
the Saracens against Richard Cceur de Lion and his Crusaders.
To-day it is the largest city in Africa, with nearly a million inhabitants and pretentious modern squares and buildings in notable
contrast to the still extensive native quarter.
The Mosque of Ibn-Tuhun is the oldest in Cairo, built from the
designs of a Christian prisoner in 868. El Az-har, "The Resplendent,"
is the great Mohammedan University, founded in 970 and thronged ,
each year by ten thousand students from the Gold Coast to Java and
Sumatra. These receive their food and tuition free. The Mosque
of the Sultan Hassan has a stately portal 66 feet high. A notable
landmark in the Citadel is the Mosque of Mohammed Ali, with its
tall slender minarets.
A drive about the city and its environs will be arranged for
passengers on the "Empress of Scotland," and will take them to the
Pyramids and the Sphinx and as far afield as the island of Roda,
where Moses is said to have been hidden in the bulrushes.
LAmZr*> t, *
s MA a
Page Twenty .two «•*
The Pyramids of Giza
The Kaitbay Mosque
A Street in Cairo
Page Twenty-three 7/ieMe-   1
A N optional excursion has been arranged for those who desire to
■"• visit THEBES and the VALLEY OF THE KINGS, where the
sepulchres of Tutankhamen, Rameses III, VI and IX, Seti I and
others have yielded marvellous records of the past. It is four hundred and fifty miles from Cairo to Luxor, and a pleasant way of
making the trip is to go by train and return by boat down the broad
water highway of the Nile. The waters of the River Nile are the
life-blood of the country, and now, as in the time of the Pharaohs,
the life, health and prosperity of the people are governed by their
flow. When Great Britain undertook the government of the country
of the people of Egypt half a century ago, they were content to starve
or feast, just as the river flooded or ran dry. The British immediately
commenced operations designed to control as far as possible the
flow of water. The construction of the Assuan, the world's largest
dam, has permitted the storing of flood water in great artificial
lakes until it is needed in dry years.
Luxor, just across the river from Thebes, is a modern city and
possessed of excellent hotels. It is the usual city of residence for
those who are visiting the tombs of the Kings.
The Colossi of Memnon, two gigantic seated figures, are the
first landmarks on the plain of Thebes.    Then
"that strange fascinating strip of barren land which is strewn with temples
and honeycombed with tombs. At the foot of these tiger-colored precipices
Theodore M. Davis found the sepulchre of Queen Hatshepsu, the Queen
Elizabeth of the Old Egyptian world.... here to the north is the temple of
Kurna, and over there the Ramesseum; those rows of little pillars close under
the mountain are the pillars of Hatshepsu's temple, which bears upon its walls
the pictures of the expedition to the historic land of Punt... .beyond to the
west is the temple of Deir-el-Medinet, with its judgment of the dead....
This turmoil of sun-baked earth and rock, grey, yellow, pink, orange and red,
awakens the curiosity, summons the love of the strange, suggests that it holds
secrets to charm the souls of men."
Robert Hichens, in "Egypt and its Monuments."
To these celebrated memorials have recently been added the
tomb of King Tutankhamen, richer perhaps in treasure than all the
other tombs combined.    The excavations here are still in progress.
An extension can be made from Luxor to Assouan.
Page Twenty-fQOT,.  mm
("*\N the voyage from Alexandria to NAPLES the "Empress of Scot-
^^^ land" passes between the legendary Scylla and Charybdis (the
Straits of Messina) and skirts the rocks from which the Sirens sang
to Ulysses (Capri). No aspect in the Mediterranean is more captivating than that of the Bay of Naples, with its azure sea, its embankment of buildings, and its amphitheatre of volcanic mountains
culminating in the still live crater of Vesuvius. Here was originally
a Greek Colony, which Rome conquered and established as a residential city for its wealthy nobles. In the Middle Ages, Naples played
a vigorous role of independence, as many of its castles and churches
still testify. Its chief pride to-day is the splendid National Museum,
with unique collections of Greek and Roman sculptures and of wall
paintings and bronzes from the buried cities of Herculaneum and
Pompeii. Fascinating also is the Aquarium, with its strange wild
life from the waters of the Mediterranean. The Neapolitan is seen at
his or her best and gayest in the adjoining park of the Villa Nazionale.
Nearly five days are at our passengers' disposal, giving time to
pay a visit to POMPEII or for an optional two .days' excursion in
Rome. At Pompeii the House of the Fawn, the House of Glaucus
described in "The Last Days of Pompeii," the Street of Tombs, the
Temple of Isis, and many other resurrected ruins help to visualize the
daily life in a Roman city shortly after the time of Christ.
Pompeii, which was overwhelmed by an eruption of Vesuvius in
79 A.D., was forgotten until the site was accidentally rediscovered in
1594. Systematic excavations undertaken since 1763 have gradually
revealed the city in which 50,000 people once lived, with its temples,
shops, houses, public baths, amphitheatre seating 20,000 spectators,
and barracks of the gladiators. Herculaneum was a smaller, though
richer city, the site of which is mostly covered by the town of Resina.
From Naples there are optional excursions to Sorrento, Amalfi
and Solfatara.
As for ROME, that person must be strangely constituted who does
not feel a thrill on first approaching the Eternal City—so much of
the history of the civilized world is linked up with the fortunes of
those who ruled the Roman Empire or swayed the destinies of the
Church of Rome. The groups of pillars and arches and temple walls
from the Forum to the Coliseum carry the mind back to the Rome of
the Caesars.
Page Twenty-six
vi. tern
Sri itil
7\ A/\
4 \\\l\'
^%'J   ' 1
}  r
Rome -Monaco
HPHE Coliseum and the Catacombs recall the persecution and mar-
tyrdom of the early Christians and the Arch of Constantine their
ultimate triumph. The Arch of Titus celebrates in vivid sculpture
the Capture of Jerusalem. Fourteen obelisks remind the student that
Rome at one time held- and drew, tribute from Egypt. The luxury
of the Imperial City is seen in the Baths of Caracalla, more than a
mile long, with rooms for 1,600 bathers, famous statuary, and art
galleries. The glory of the Roman Catholic Church is written in
the spacious buildings of the Square of the Lateran, the Church of
St. Peter and the Vatican.
The galleries and collections of Rome are the largest in the world.
The Vatican, the Lateran, the Capitoline, and the national museums
and galleries contain remarkable collections that have a world-wide
celebrity. There are numerous private collections of pictures in the
Borghese, Barberini, Doria, Sciarra, Torlonia and Corsini palaces,
and masterpieces of painting are also to be found in almost every
church.    The libraries of Rome are unrivalled.
Modern Rome is undoubtedly visited by more .tourists than any
other city in the world. All roads lead to Rome now as they did in
the past. The city has now as many hotels as it had churches in
times gone by, and they are excellent. Like every other Italian city,
Rome has its specialties, and although the main industries of the
province are agriculture, still the artistic industries of the city have
been revived in recent years. The most important are Roman silks,
Roman pearls, reproductions of ancient vases, statues and paintings,
mosaics and jewellery.
MONACO is our port for the Riviera. Monte Carlo is devoted to
the worship of the oldest of pagan goddesses, Fortune by name, whose
temple, the Casino, is perhaps the best known in the world. Automobiles will be provided for a drive along the famous Corniche Road, with
its panorama of the Cote d'Azur to Nice, the Garden City and chief
pleasure resort of Southern France.
Nice brings us back once more to the pirates of Algiers, for in 1543,
after a fierce bombardment, the city was sacked by the terrible
Barbarossa. To-day, however, its principal battles are fought with
flowers and confetti during the annual Spring Carnival. The flower
market of Nice is a favourite locale for artists. Beautiful villas line
the famous Promenade des Anglais and nestle in the sheltering hills.
Page Twenty-eight  X8
TTROM Monaco we pass through the Straits of Gibraltar, enter the
-^ Bay of Biscay and then the English Channel. At CHERBOURG,
those who wish to visit Paris can obtain good train connection;
thence the steamship crosses to Southampton. At SOUTHAMPTON
we shall bid good-bye to the "Empress of Scotland," which, having
brought us so far, now returns to her regular trans-Atlantic service.
Fast trains will bear us over the short distance between Southampton and LONDON. But although the homeward journey can be
begun almost at once, a large number of passengers will, of course,
prefer to spend as much time as possible in the British Isles.
Of the charms, the fascination, the historic and literary associations of London it is superfluous to speak. Everyone will want to
visit St. Paul's Cathedral, Westminster Abbey, the Tower of London,
the Houses of Parliament, the British Museum, Hyde Park, and the
hundreds of other spots the names of which have almost passed into
. usage as common nouns instead of names of places. There are the
Horse Guards with their gorgeous uniforms, Dickens' original
"Old Curiosity Shop," Nelson's Monument in Trafalgar Square,
Carlyle's house in Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, art galleries, shops, theatres,
the Old Cheshire Cheese, and scores of other delightful places.
From London some charming short excursions can be made by
railway or motor—to Brighton, queen of English seashore resorts;
to Windsor, with its historic Castle; to beautiful Hampton Court
Palace, built by Cardinal Wolsey. Still farther along the River
Thames is the ancient university city of Oxford.
Still a little farther, but easily reached in three or four hours from
London by train, is the lovely county of Warwickshire. Stratford-on-
Avon, with Shakespeare's house, and Shottery, with Anne Hatha-
ways—Kenilworth with its ruined castle, Warwick with its castle,
Leamington Spa—all these will enchant the visitor.
Or if he has more time yet, there is Scotland to welcome him—
Edinburgh with its Black Watch, its Castle, its Princes Street, and
its memories. Or Stirling, or the Trossachs, or Loch Lomond, or
Abbotsford, or Inverness, or Aberdeen. Just across a narrow strip
of water is the Emerald Isle—now a Free State—and gallant little
Wales should also not pass unnoticed. Railway or motor itineraries
to cover the British Isles can be made very easily.
Return can be made across the Atlantic by any Canadian Pacific
steamship. There are very frequent sailings from Southampton,
Liverpool, Glasgow, Belfast, Queenstown, Cherbourg, Antwerp, or
"Z&p ^>r
Atlanta, Ga	
Boston, Mass....
Buffalo, N.Y	
Chicago, 111	
Cincinnati, Ohio.
Cleveland, Ohio..
Detroit, Mich.. ..
Kansas City, Mo.
Los Angeles, Cal.
Minneapolis, Minn
Montreal, Que....
Nelson, B.C	
New York, N.Y.. . .
North Bay, Ont...
Ottawa, Ont	
Philadelphia, Pa. .
Pittsburgh, Pa	
Portland, Ore	
Quebec, Que	
St. John, N.B	
St. Louis, Mo	
San Francisco, Cal
Seattle, Wash	
Tacoma, Wash....
Toronto, Ont	
Vancouver, B.C...
Victoria, B.C	
Washington, D.C..
Winnipeg, Man. . .
Antwerp, Belgium
Belfast, Ireland. . .
Birmingham, Eng.
Bristol, Eng	
Brussels, Belgium.
Glasgow, Scotland
Hamburg, Germany
Liverpool, Eng. .
London, Eng....
Manchester, Eng
Paris, France. . .
Rotterdam, Holland
Southampton, Eng
Sydney, N.S.W.
.D. C.
J. E.
.E. G. Chesbrough 49 N. Forsyth St.
. L. R. Hart 405 Boylston St.
.H. R. Mathewson 160 Pearl St.
.R. S. Elworthy 71 East Jackson Blvd.
. M. E. Malone 201 Dixie Terminal Bldg.
.G. H. Griffin 1040 Prospect Ave.
.G. G. McKay 1239 Griswold St.
. R. G. Norris, 601 Railway Exchange Bldg.
. W. Mcllroy 605 South Spring St.
.H. M. Tait 611 2nd Ave. South
. D. K. Kennedy 141 St. James St.
J. S. Carter Baker & Ward St.
.E. T. Stebbing Madison Av. at 44th St.
. L. O. Tremblay 87 Main Street W.
.J. A. McGill 83 Sparks St.
. R. C. Clayton Locust St. at 15th
.C. L. Williams 338 Sixth Ave.
.W. H. Deacon 55 Third St.
. C. A. Langevin Palais Station
.G. B. Burpee 40 King St.
.G. P. Carbrey 420 Locust St.
.F. L. Nason 675 Market St.
E. L. Sheehan 608 Second Ave.
O'Keefe 1113 Pacific Ave.
Parker Canadian Pacific Bldg., King & Yonge Sts.
. .J. J. Forster Canadian Pacific Station
. .L. D. Chetham 1102 Government St.
. .C. E. Phelps 905 Fifteenth St., NAY.
. .W. C. Casey 364 Main St.
. . A. L. Rawlinson 25 Quai Jordaens
.. Wm. McCalla 41 Victoria St.
. .W. T. Treadaway 4 Victoria Square
. . A. S. Ray 18 St. Augustine's Parade
. .L. H. R. Plummer 98 Blvd. Adolphe-Max
. .W. Stewart 25 "Bothwell St.
.. I. H. Gardner Gansemarkt 3
. . R. E. Swain Pier Head
/C. E. Jenkins  .62-65 Charing Cross, S.W.I
' \G. Saxon Jones 103 Leadenhall St., E.C. 3
. J. W. Maine 31 Mosley Street
. . A. V. Clark 7 Rue Scribe
. .J. Springett 91 Coolsingel
. . H. Taylor 7 Canute Road
. .T. R. Percy Opposite Blake Pier
. .E. Hospes 1 Bund
. . T. R. Shaw 14 Calle David
. .E. Stone 12 Bund
. .G. E. Costello No. 1 Itchome, Yuraku-Cho, Kojimachi-Ku
. .G. E. Costello 1 Bund
. . J. Sclater Union House.
Steamship Gen'l Passenger Agt.
Asst. Steamship Passenger Manager
Act'g Gen'l Passenger Agt.
European Passenger Mgr.
Steamship Passenger Manager
Page Thirty-two ^i


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