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Pacific coast tours Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1926

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PACIFIC  COA.TT TOURS'
Printed in Canada 1926 PACIFIC       COAST       TOURS       through      the      CANADIAN       PACIFIC       ROCKIES
The Pacific is the greatest and the last of
oceans—the greatest in size, the last to be discovered. Singularly blessed by Nature with a mild
and beneficent climate, and endowed from Alaska
down to Mexico with a wealth of varied resources
and products, its coast-lands have become the favorite playground for the people of all North America.
This delightful country beyond the mountains waits
to be visited by you.
Beyond the mountains! To reach it, you must
cross the backbone ranges of America. Not only
does the Pacific Coast await you, therefore, but all
the magnificent scenery that is to be found nowhere
else but in the high Rockies. The Canadian Pacific
Rockies comprise the most wonderful mountain
region in the world. Nearly seven hundred peaks
over 6,000 feet in height—lovely mountain lakes,
swift rivers, still primeval forests, glistening glaciers,
extensive national parks, hundreds of miles of roads
and good trails, climbing, fishing, hiking, motoring,
and hunting—these are some of the pleasures that
are to be enjoyed en route to the ocean.
Through the Rockies
The Canadian Pacific Rockies, which interpose their giant barrier between the prairies and the
Pacific Coast, stretch for nearly six hundred miles.
They are made up of six principal ranges, of remarkably different geological age and configuration of
outline. Many of the principal mountains seen from
the train, or at the most popular mountain centres,
average a height above the floor of the valleys at their
base of almost a mile.
The Canadian Pacific route through these mighty
mountain ranges is in itself a visualization of human
triumph over nature. From Calgary, to which it has
been steadily climbing since it left Lake Superior, it
climbs another three-eighths of a mile to the Great
Divide. Thence, following the narrow Kicking Horse
Pass, it dips down to meet the majestic Columbia
River; then it re-ascends another quarter of a mile to
the summit of the Selkirk Range before beginning its
three-quarter mile drop to the Pacific. The Spiral
Tunnels through Kicking Horse Pass, the Connaught
Tunnel through the Selkirks, are engineering feats of
a magnitude matching the obstacles opposed to the
passage of the railway. The trip through the Thompson and Fraser canyons is of scarcely lesser interest
than the journey through the mountains themselves.
Page Two
A Pleasure to Be Alive
This great mountain region offers a remarkable welcome to those who leave the railway and
tarry for a while. Fishing, hunting, climbing, riding,
driving, exploring, Alpine flower gathering, wonder-
photo taking, golfing at Banff on the most scenic
course in the world—these are some of the "frill"
doings in the Rockies. The biggest and most solid
pleasure is just living—living where the air has never
been contaminated with soot, where you can go from
summer to snow at any time you want, where you
need no alarm clock to get you up, no cordial to put
you to sleep, no dinner bell to tell you when it's time
to eat.
Banff, with its glorious panorama of Bow and
Spray rivers, is the headquarters of Rocky Mountains Park. Lake Louise, an enchanting lake with a
no less enchanting hotel, is the gateway to a region
of magnificent scenery, as Field is that to winsome
Emerald Lake, or Wapta Camp to the Yoho Valley
and Lake O'Hara. Glacier, in the Selkirks, is the
finest mountain-climbing centre of this continent.
The Pacific Coast
And finally there is Vancouver—important
port, large commercial centre, and pleasant summer-
resort. With its beautiful beaches, its mountain
guardians, its perfect motor roads, its primeval forest, and its water sports and excursions, it is the
pivot where the traveller will most willingly hesitate
before he sets out on the trail again. Swift liners will
carry him across the Pacific to China, Japan or
Australia. Across the Straits is Vancouver Island,
with Victoria embowered in lawns, flowers and bays;
at the south end of Puget Sound, easily reached by
steamer or rail, is Seattle. Beyond that again is rose-
garlanded Portland and California. Or north from
Vancouver by Canadian Pacific steamer is the wonderful trip to Alaska.
Travelling through the Canadian Pacific Rockies during
the summer is particularly delightful, because of the comparatively cool summer temperature in the mountains north
of the international boundary line.
Beautiful Hotels
In the Canadian Pacific Rockies, between
Calgary and Vancouver, are five beautiful Canadian
Pacific hotels, which provide ideal accommodation
for the visitor to the mountains. Some of them, indeed, are world-famous—such as the Chateau Lake
Louise and Banff Springs Hotel, luxurious caravan
serais of a truly metropolitan standard. At Glacier
is the picturesque Glacier House; at Emerald Lake,
reached from Field, is the charming Emerald Lake
Chalet, the capacity of which will this year be doubled; and at Sicamous, on Shuswap Lake, is Sicamous
Hotel.
Canadian Pacific hotels are characterized by the same perfection of service as Canadian Pacific dining cars, sleeping
cars, and steamships. Their location is magnificent, for their
windows look out upon a fairyland of mountains, glaciers
lakes and primeval forests.
Bungalow Camps
Hotel accommodation in the Canadian Pacific Rockies is supplemented by Bungalow Camps at
nine convenient points. These Bungalow Camps
appeal particularly to the climber, the hiker or the
trail rider; the accommodation provided consists of
small sleeping bungalows, of log or other wooden
construction, clustering around a central community
building in which is an attractive dining and lounging room. The camps are operated on the American
plan.
Four of these Bungalow Camps are located in
Yoho National Park—at Wapta Lake, near the
Great Divide: at Takakkaw Falls, in the Yoho Valley; at Lake O'Hara, south of Wapta Lake: and at
Emerald Lake as an annex to the popular Chalet
there. Three more are situated along the Banff-
Windermere Road—at Storm Mountain, Vermilion
River, and Radium Hot Springs—with another at
the end of that road, at Lake Windermere. (See page
11). Another is at Moraine Lake, near Lake Louise.
Rest houses are to be found at several other points, acting
as halts in long excursions, serving meals and in some cases
providing sleeping accommodation overnight.
Alternative Routes
The Crow's Nest Pass line of the Canadian
Pacific, and its continuation the Kettle Valley Line,
crosses the Rockies farther south than the main line,
and provides a very interesting and delightful alternative route to the Pacific Coast through the
picturesque mining and agricultural districts of
Southern British Columbia. The region is one of
great beauty, of mountain ranges interspersed with
lovely lakes, and because this southern route is tied
to the main line by four easy cross routes, the visitor
who would fully and faithfully see Canadian Pacific
Rocky-land should avail himself of the optional
routing (see details on map at end of this folder). ■£ r ■?$*
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Banff, the Bow River and Cascade Mountain
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ount Assiniboine—sometimes called
"The Matterhorn of the Rockies"
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The Sulphur Pool, Banff Springs Hotel
Visitors to the
annual Indian
"Pow-Wow"
Fishing in the Spray Lakes
A fine trip from Banff
Along the Bow River at Banff
Mount Rundle in the background
The Buffalo Park
has a herd of these
magnificent animals
Page Three Emerald Lake Chalet
Yoho National Park
Page Four
Banff Springs Hotel
Rocky Mountains National Park
Hotel Sicamous
Half-way, Calgary-Vancouver iwtm
Page Five PACIFIC       COAST       TOURS       through       the       CANADIAN       PACIFIC        ROCKIES
From Medicine Hat, the Crow's Nest Pass line runs to
Lethbridge, Cranbrook, Kootenay Lake (which is crossed by
a commodious steamer), Nelson and Midway. From Midway
the Kettle Valley line continues to Penticton and Hope, where
it joins the Canadian Pacific. Through trains are operated
from Nelson to Vancouver. The cross-routes are from Calgary to Lethbridge, from Golden to Cranbrook, from Revelstoke to Nelson (using a steamer on the Arrow Lakes), and
from Sicamous to Penticton (using a steamer on Okanagan
Lake).
Canada's National Parks
The main line of the Canadian Pacific traverses or adjoins five of the magnificent national parks
of Canada. These are Rocky Mountain Parks, the
chief centres of which are Banff and Lake Louise—
Kootenay Park, extending for five miles on each
side of the Banff-Windermere automobile road—
Yoho Park, in which is situated the beautiful Yoho
Valley—Glacier Park, a remarkably fine climbing
centre—and Mount Revelstoke Park. Waterton
Lakes Park, in southern Alberta, is a sixth park.
These national parks have every kind of inducement
to offer the nature-lover.
Train Service
Four transcontinental trains a day are
operated through the Canadian Pacific Rockies to
Vancouver in the summer months. The Trans-
Canada Limited, from both Montreal and Toronto,
is an exclusive all-sleeping-car train, carrying standard and compartment sleepers, observation car and
dining car.
The other three trains are the Imperial, from
Montreal—the Vancouver Express, from Toronto—
and the Mountaineer from Chicago, St. Paul and
Minneapolis.
The winter service consists of the Imperial, the Vancouver
Express, and a through connection from Chicago and the
Twin Cities with the Imperial.
From the East
The Trans-Canada journey from the East
is a dramatic visualization of the remarkable variety
and tremendous resources of the far-flung Dominion.
Leaving the great city of Montreal, the main line of
the Canadian Pacific carries one first through Ottawa—the nation's capital—through peaceful agricultural scenery, along mighty rushing rivers,
through lumbering country and close to the gold,
silver and nickel mining regions of Northern Ontario.
Or the journey can be commenced  at Toronto,
Page Six
whence a line joins the main lines (with through
trans-continental service) at Sudbury.
And then the Canadian Pacific enters the vast hinterland,
as yet only partially developed, that fringes Lake Superior,
travelling for a considerable distance in full view of this magnificent inland ocean. This region is full of interest for the out-
doorsman, for it affords unrivalled fishing, hunting and canoe
trips. Passing the head of the Great Lakes, the same characteristic country continues, until presently, as one nears
Winnipeg, it begins to open out, wider and wider, and soon
becomes the fertile prairie.
Across the Great Lakes
An exceedingly agreeable variation in the
trans-Canada journey can be made in the summer
time by taking a Canadian Pacific Great Lakes
steamship from either Port McNicoll or Owen Sound
to Port Arthur and Fort William, at the head of Lake
Superior. This two-day journey, with its cool breezes
and delightful scenery, can be made at very little
extra cost.
United Slates Connections
The traveller from the United States to the Canadian Pacific Rockies will find a number of good connections.
To Montreal and Toronto there are excellent connections
from New York, Roston, Ruffalo, Detroit and other gateway
cities. From the Middle West, the Soo Line operates through
trains from Chicago, St. Paul and Minneapolis to Vancouver,
using the Canadian Pacific metals for the Canadian part of
the journey. From the Twin Cities, too, through trains run
over the Soo Line to Winnipeg.
Across the Prairies
Winnipeg is the metropolis of Western Canada—a large, dynamic and beautiful city. For a
day onwards the traveller is on the prairies, continuously in sight of the enormous grain fields and
stock farms which are the source of the great agricultural production of the West. Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta produce the best milling wheat
in the world. The main line passes through several
cities, including Brandon, Regina, Moose Jaw, Medicine Hat—famous for its natural gas—while the
prairies are traversed by several important branches.
The Calgary Stampede
Alrerta, still a country of considerable stock-
raising interests, was until recent years one of the
principal ranching sections of the West; and in the
"Stampede" held at Calgary, the glories of the Old
West are revived annually in a week's carnival of
frontier sports and contests. The Calgary Stampede
has now become a famous frontier-day celebration,
and contestants come from all parts of the continent.
It will be held in 1926 from July 5 to 10th, and visitors to the Rockies should by all means stop off at
Calgary and participate.
At Calgary the Canadian Pacific operates an immense hotel, the Hotel Palliser, which provides very
comfortable headquarters from which to visit this
enterprising and sunny community.
Introduction to the Rockies
From the roof garden of the Palliser Hotel
one can see the glistening peaks of the Canadian
Pacific Rockies sixty miles away—a dramatic glimpse
of a far-flung line of blue, hung among the clouds and
quivering in the warm summer air, sharp as a knife
blade. Leaving Calgary, the train enters the Rockies
by the ancient, glacier-grooved Bow Valley, fringed
with dark evergreen trees, first climbing the foothills and then winding through narrow passes eroded
in the great gray bulk of the first ranges.
Banff
Banff, which is reached in about three hours
from Calgary, is a fitting front-door to the magnificence of the mountains. Situated in a pocket of a
wide circle of pearly grey limestone peaks, embowered in pine forests and lawns, with the glacial-
green Bow River flowing through it, it is the capital
of Rocky Mountains Park, and no part of the
Rockies yet to come exhibits a greater variety of
sublime and romantic beauty.
Banff has been for many years one of the most
popular mountain resorts of this continent—due not
only to its environment but also to the beautifully
located and luxurious Banff Springs Hotel (a Canadian Pacific hotel).
What to Do at Banff
Banff affords a remarkable variety of recreation—riding, climbing, boating, golf, tennis, motoring and trail trips. Its sulphur baths are world-
famous ; one of the four adjoins Banff Springs Hotel.
Within easy reach are many pleasant hikes or easy
climbs, such as to the picturesque and brilliantly
colored terraces of the Hot Springs, the wooded
slopes of Sulphur Mountain, Sundance Canyon,
Tunnel Mountain and the Cave and Basin. Within
a short drive is the interesting Buffalo Park. Good
roads and trails radiate in all directions, leading to
the Hoodoos,  natural concrete pillars of various ^
Sherbrooke Lake,
near Wapta Camp
Lake McArthur, near Lake O'Hara
Emerald Lake and its background of peaks
Page Seven PACIFIC        COAST       TOURS       through      the      CANADIAN       PACIFIC       ROCKIES
shapes and sizes, Cascade Mountain, Stoney Squaw
Mountain and the beautiful Vermilion Lakes.
There are also stiff and challenging ascents like
that of Mount Edith for the graduated Alpinist, who
very often makes his headquarters with the Alpine
Club of Canada, on the slope of Tunnel Mountain.
Indian Day, held usually in the third week of July, attracts
gorgeous cavalcades of Indian Rraves, squaws and papooses
from the Stoney Indian reserve.
Motor and Trail Trips
At a distance of eight miles is Lake Minnewanka, a beautiful sheet of water, sixteen miles long,
extremely deep and walled in by tremendous cliffs,
and the home of huge fighting trout. A wonderful
river trip up the Bow can be made by electric launch.
There are attractive automobile trips, as for example
to Johnston Canyon, where a side trail leads to a
great waterfall, or to Lake Louise. For those seeking to get close to the heart of Nature there are a
variety of fine pony trips, such as to the Spray Lakes
or the Kananaskis Lakes, or to Mount Assiniboine.
Motor excursions to various points are run regularly in the
summer season.
Ruffalo, mountain sheep, mountain goat, and other animals
at Ranff are a never-failing source of interest.
Banff-Windermere Road
The most magnificent motor trip in the entire Rockies is available at either Banff or Lake
Louise—that, namely, over the Banff-Windermere
automobile highway, which, opening up an Alpine
country known hitherto only to the trapper and the
hunter, crosses Vermilion Pass. Threading Kootenay National Park, this hundred-mile ride through
pass and canyon is one of the most spectacular in
America.
At three points along the road are rustic bungalow camps
with comfortable accommodation for motor tourists—Storm
Montain, Vermilion River and Radium Hot Springs. At
Lake Windermere, which can also be reached by rail from
Golden, is a large bungalow camp. (See page 11).
Lake Louise
Lake Louise—probably the most perfect gem
of scenery in the known world—bears the liquid
music, the soft color notes of its name, almost into
the realm of the visible. Geographically a "cirque
lake"—a deep, steep walled recess caused by glacial
erosion, nestling 600 feet above the railway on the
far side of a mountain palisade, amidst an amphitheatre of peaks—it is a dramatic palette upon which
Page Eight
the Great Artist has splashed his most gorgeous
hues, a spectrum of color. Deepest tand most exquisitely colored is the lake itself, sweeping from rosy
dawn to sunset through green, blue, amethyst and
violet, undershot by gold; dazzling white is the sun-
glorified Victoria Glacier, at the farther end; sombre
are the enclosing pine-clad peaks that dip perpendicularly into the lake; and magnificent are the stark
immensities of the snow-crowned peaks that enclose
the picture except for the fleecy blue sky overhead.
On the margin of this most perfect lake, in one of the
wonderful Alpine flower gardens in which the Rockies abound
—where poppies, violets, columbines, anemones and sheep
laurel slope through terraced lawns to the water's edge—the
Canadian Pacific has placed its great Chateau Lake Louise.
A 100-foot open-air swimming pool is being constructed at
the Chateau Lake Louise, and will be ready in 1926.
Whit to Do at Lake Louise
From the chateau good roads and trails lead
to the principal features of interest in the vicinity.
A very easy ascent, either on foot or on the back
of a sure-footed mountain pony, is to the Lakes in
the Clouds—Mirror Lake and Lake Agnes, nestling
over a thousand feet above Lake Louise, affording
magnificent views of the surrounding peaks. A
charming rest house at Lake Agnes provides luncheons and teas; and the trail can be continued to
the Big Beehive, the lookout on the Little Beehive,
or on to the face of Victoria Glacier.
Moraine Lake
Moraine Lake, an exquisitely colored mountain lake in the Valley of the Ten Peaks, is nine
miles from the Chateau by good motor road. The
tremendous semi-circle of the peaks that encircle the
lake present a jagged profile that makes a most
majestic picture. On the shore of the lake is Moraine
Lake Bungalow Camp. Consolation Lake, about
three miles further by trail, provides good trout
fishing.
Other fine excursions from Lake Louise include
the motor trip to Johnston Canyon and Lake Windermere (see above). For the Alpinist there are
many good climbs, both easy and more arduous; one
that will especially attract the experienced mountaineer is over Abbot Pass, descending to Lake
O'Hara. (See below.) An Alpine hut has been
built near the summit of the Pass, for climbers to
spend the night, and another at the Plain of the
Six Glaciers.
The Great Divide
Six miles west of Lake Louise is the Great Divide, at
once the highest elevation of the Canadian Pacific, the boundary between Alberta and Rritish Columbia, and the very
backbone of the continent. Marked by a rustic arch, a
stream of water divides, by one of those freaks by which
Nature diverts herself, into two little brooks that have vastly
different fates. The waters that flow to the east eventually
reach the Atlantic Ocean; the rivulet that runs west adds its
mite to the volume of the Pacific.
Spiral Tunnels
From the Great Divide to Field, a distance of 14 miles,
the railway descends nearly a quarter of a mile. Formerly
this section, with a gradient of 4.5 per cent, was extremely
difficult to operate, but by the construction of two tunnels
the length of the line was increased sufficiently to permit of
reducing this gradient to 2.2 per cent. These are the "Spiral
Tunnels" under Cathedral Mountain and Mount Ogden.
Through them the railway turns two complete circles, roughly
in the form of a figure eight, passing under itself twice and
emerging from this figure over 100 feet higher than it entered it.
Yoho Park
Immediately west of the Great Divide we enter the Yoho National Park—a region of charm and
winsome beauty, of giant mountains and primeval
forests, of rushing rivers and sapphire-like lakes.
Providing a wide variety of recreation, including
some magnificent trail trips, it also offers good accommodation at several points, which can be linked
up in a circle tour by excellent roads and trails.
These points are Wapta Lake, Lake O'Hara, Yoho
Valley and Emerald Lake.
Wapta Camp
Wapta Camp is situated on a picturesque site
two miles west of the Great Divide. With accommodation for 54 people, it can be reached either by
train to Hector Station (just across the lake) or by
the motor road which has just been opened between
Field and Lake Louise. A number of very delightful
excursions can be made to Ross Lake, Sherbrooke
Lake, and Lake O'Hara. Kicking Horse Canyon
Rest provides a good hike amongst the magnificent
environment   of   the   Kicking   Horse   Canyon.
Lake O'Hara
Eight miles south of Wapta Camp, reached
by trail through an almost primeval forest, is Lake
O'Hara—a mountain jewel of a lake in an open
Alpine meadow that was once the cup of an old
glacier, surrounded by gigantic peaks.  A log bunga- 1
Wapta Camp
Storm Mountain Camp
Page Nine low camp, with sleeping accommodation for 30, has
been established here. About an hour's ride or walk
from the camp is Lake McArthur, a splendid example
of a glacial lake.
Yoho Valley
The Yoho Valley—one of the finest in the
whole Rockies—can be reached either by an extremely fine 11-mile motor drive from Field, or by a
motor drive from Wapta Lake. At the end of the
drive are the Takakkaw Falls, a silver thread of
glacial origin dropping 1,200 feet; facing them is
Yoho Valley Camp, a bungalow camp with accommodation for 40 people.
From the Camp a splendid trail trip, over a good
trail, can be made to Emerald Lake, over the Yoho
Pass. Summit Lake, small but beautifully colored,
has a rest and tea house; and thence descent is made
to Emerald Lake.
Another route from Field to the Yoho Valley is over Rurgess
Pass—one of the most magnificent pony-trips of the mountains.
The upper Yoho Valley can be visited by a trail which continues from Takakkaw Falls, past Laughing Falls and the
Twin Falls to the Yoho Glacier. A rest and tea house has been
built at Twin Falls, where one can sleep overnight.
Emerald Lake
From Field, a railway divisional point, a good
motor road leads through a forest of balsam and
spruce to Emerald Lake (seven miles). This beautiful
lake, of most exquisite coloring and sublimity of surroundings, lies placidly under the protection of
Mount Wapta, Mount Burgess and Mount President. On its wooded shore the Canadian Pacific has
built a picturesque, cosy chalet, which, with the
addition of a club-house and some charming bungalows, has now accommodation for 60 people.
A very attractive two-day riding trip can be made from
Emerald Lake Chalet, spending a night at Yoho Valley and
continuing next day to Wapta Camp. Other pleasant excursions can be made to points of interest within a short distance to Field, such as the Fossil Reds, Natural Rridge and
the Ottertail Road.
Windermere Valley
At Golden one reaches the Columbia River,
which here flows north until it turns at the "Big
Bend" for its southward flow to the Pacific Ocean.
Golden is the junction for the Lake Windermere
Page Ten
i^-ll
branch line of the Canadian Pacific Railway, which
runs between the Rockies and the Selkirk Mountains
and passes through highly picturesque scenery past
Lake Windermere to the Crow's Nest line of the Canadian Pacific Railway. (See "Alternative Routes,"
page 2.) The creeks which open up the great Selkirk
Range to the south of this valley provide access to
some of the most spectacular Alpine scenery in North
America, while the hunting and fishing in season are
also good.
At Lake Windermere, south of Golden, a bungalow camp
is situated on the shores of one of the loveliest warm-water
lakes in Rritish Columbia, with every facility for bathing,
boating, riding, and motoring in a country of exceptional
beauty. Lake Windermere can be reached also from Ranff
or Lake Louise, by the new motor road. (See page 8).
Near Golden is Edelweiss, where the Swiss guides attached to the Canadian Pacific hotels have their farms and
homes.
The Connaught Tunnel
Just before reaching Glacier Station the train enters the double-tracked Connaught Tunnel, the longest tunnel
in North America, which pierces its way through Mount Macdonald. From portal to portal this tunnel, one of the greatest
engineering feats of Canada, measures five miles, but so
straight is the line that the exits are never out of sight.
Glacier—A Climbing Centre
Near the summit of Selkirk Range lies Glacier, in the midst of a region of massive peaks, giant
glaciers and dense forests. Here, in Glacier National
Park, a magnificent mountain area of austerity and
high isolation, the Canadian Pacific has a fine mountain hotel, the ever popular Glacier House. Seemingly only a few hundred feet away from the hotel,
but in reality more than two miles, the massive ice
plateau of the great Illecillewaet Glacier piles up.
To its left towers the monolith of Mount Sir Donald,
reaching a height of a mile and a quarter above the
railway.
Glacier is one of the favorite climbing centres of
the Canadian Pacific Rockies, and the wide sweep
of peaks, glaciers and snow fields that the eye comprehends from the hotel is of extraordinary majesty.
The Selkirk Range is geologically much older than the
Rockies, and the tooth of time was already gnawing
its scarred sides when the Rockies were first pushed
up from the crumpled sea-bottom. For the convenience of climbers, Alpine huts have been established
at the foot of Grizzly Mountain and at Glacier Circle.
Page Eleven
Z
Royal Canadian Air Force
Official Photographs   PACIFIC       COAS T       TO URS       through
t h
CANADIAN       PACIFIC       ROCKIES
What to Do at Glacier
Leading from the hotel a good trail follows
a turbulent stream, through forest of cedar and hemlock, to the Illecillewaet Glacier, which affords some
remarkable opportunities for studying the movements of glaciers. Other trails branch off in all directions, inviting the mountain climber, explorer or
lover of nature to scenes of marvellous grandeur and
enchanting beauty—such, for example, as the lovely
Asulkan Valley, Glacier Crest, Lake Marion, or
Mount Abbott.
One of the very finest trips is to the Nakimu
Caves, distant about six miles. These curious and
remarkable caverns, which have been only partly
explored, constitute a series of chambers, with large
entrances, polished rock ceilings, and walls which
sparkle with crystals. The journey is made either
by horse tally-ho, with a short walk at the end, or
by pony; and a rest house has been established at
the caves where meals and overnight accommodation
can be obtained. From Nakimu the trail can be
continued by pony over the Baloo Pass to Bear
Creek and Rogers Pass, and by a different route back
to the hotel.
Mount Revelstoke Park
From Glacier   the  railway,   descending   the
western slope of the Selkirks, follows the valley of
the Illecillewaet, running along the very brink of
several remarkably deep fissures in the solid rock,
whose walls rise straight up hundreds of feet on both
sides to wooded crags, above which distant peaks
cut the sky.  The most impressive of these canyons
is the Albert, where the river is seen nearly 150 feet
below the railway.
Revelstoke is an important centre, from which a short
branch line runs south to the Arrow Lakes, connecting there
with Canadian Pacific steamer services to Nelson. Mount
Revelstoke Park, one of the baby parks of the National System, is altogether a mountain-top eyrie, and the motor road
that has been constructed almost to its top affords some
magnificent panoramas of remarkable breadth.
Sicamous
At Sicamous, about equi-distant between Calgary and Vancouver, a very comfortable hotel is
Sperated by the Canadian Pacific, and is especially
convenient either for those who wish to stop off
somewhere so as to make the trips through both the
Canadian Pacific Rockies and the great Fraser-
Thompson canyons by daylight.
Page Fourteen
Sicamous is also the junction point for the fertile fruitgrowing Okanagan Valley, to the south. Shuswap Lake, on
which the hotel stands, has good fishing.
The Canyons
Kamloops, the junction of the North and South
Thompson rivers, is the beginning of the magnificent canyon country through which we shall travel
virtually all the way to Vancouver. The canyons are
second only to the Rockies in spectacular scenery,
and the traveller is well repaid if he will stay overnight at Sicamous so that he can travel them in
daylight. The mountains draw together as the train
winds along ledges cut on their face; tunnels penetrate the headlands and lofty bridges span the
ravines.
At Lytton the canyon widens to admit the Fraser, the
largest river of Rritish Columbia, which comes down from
the north between two great lines of mountain peaks, and
whose turbid flood soon absorbs the bright green waters of
the Thompson. The scenery grows wilder than ever. The
great river is forced between vertical walls of black rock
where, repeatedly thrown back upon itself by opposing cliffs,
it madly foams and roars. Ten miles below North Rend is
the famous "Hell's Gate," where two jutting promontories
suddenly compress the river and force it to escape in a roaring cataract through a bottle-necked outlet.
The railway follows the canyon at often a considerable
height above the river bank: the track, hewn from solid rock,
not only crosses from side to side in the canyon, but also
tunnels through great rock spans. Presently the canyon
widens out, and we reach a meadow-like country through
which we roll to Vancouver.
Harrison Hot Springs
Some seventy miles before reaching Vancouver, and about five miles from Agassiz Station,
is the delightful resort of Harrison Hot Springs.
Situated on Harrison Lake, a large and picturesque
body of water that flows into the Fraser River from
the north, this resort has sulphur and potash hot
springs of great curative and medicinal values; and
in the spring of 1926 a new and attractive hotel, with
which are combined a covered swimming pool and
private Turkish baths, will be opened that will serve
as a focus for the district. Splendid opportunities
are available for fishing, hunting, trap shooting,
boating, tennis and horseback riding, while a new
golf course is being constructed.
Vancouver
Vancouver, the largest city of British Columbia, is beautifully situated on Burrard Inlet, a long
arm of the Pacific Ocean that forms a nearly land
locked and fully sheltered harbor. Facing it across
this harbor is the sharp profile of a magnificent
mountain range; and with its imposing business section, its busy docks, its fine shopping streets, and its
flower-garbed residential suburbs that have overflowed north across the Inlet and south toward the
Fraser River, Vancouver is one of the great metropolitan centres of the Pacific Coast.
The volume of trans-Pacific export and import trade has
made Vancouver a very important seaport; while the city
has also immense lumbering, mining, agricultural, shipbuilding, and manufacturing interests. Vancouver is the
western terminal of the Canadian Pacific railway lines, but
Canadian Pacific Service is continued in various steamship
services.
A Summer City
Vancouver is a favorite summer city, for its
mild climate, floral luxuriance and closeness to water
makes life there pleasant. There are many bathing
beaches, parks, boulevards, automobile roads, and
short and long steamer trips. Stanley Park, a remarkable forest of almost primeval characteristics,
is situated within the city limits. Vancouver has six
admirable golf courses which are open to visitors.
The Hotel Vancouver, operated by the Canadian
Pacific, is the finest hotel of the North Pacific Coast
very conveniently situated, and has a high reputation for the excellence of its service.
New Westminster
One very fine motor drive from Vancouver,
over a good road, is to New Westminster (12}4
miles). This city, founded in 1859 and the third
largest city in British Columbia, is an important
one on the Fraser River, with a very large lumbering industry and a big shipping business.
Princess Steamship Service
The popular "Princess" Steamships of the Canadian Pacific link up Vancouver and Victoria with numerous
points along Puget Sound and the Rritish Columbia Coast.
Amongst the routes thus served are:
The Triangle Route—Vancouver-Victoria-Seattle.
Vancouver-Nanaimo Service.
Vancouver-Powell River-Comox.
The Alaska Service, from Victoria and Vancouver.
Gulf Island Ports, from Victoria and Vancouver.
Vancouver-Ocean Falls-Prince Rupert.
To Asia
From Vancouver, Canadian Pacific Empress
steamships cross the Pacific to Japan, China and
Manila. The two new vessels, "Empress of Canada" The Parliament Buildings
Victoria
Victoria has many fine Golf Links
The famous Butchart Gardens, Victoria
Page Fifteen PACIFIC       COAST       TOURS       through      the       CANADIAN       PACIFIC       ROCKIES
and "Empress of Australia," are the largest, newest,
finest and fastest steamships on the Pacific Ocean.
The Canadian-Australasian Line runs regularly from
Vancouver to Honolulu, Suva (Fiji), New Zealand
and Australia.
The Triangle Route
From Vancouver Canadian Pacific "Princess"
Steamers provide a service on Puget Sound, with a
morning "triangle" service to Victoria and Seattle
and direct night services to each of those cities.
Two magnificent new vessels, the "Princess Kathleen" and the "Princess Marguerite," added to the
service last summer, are the fastest and best vessels
on the Pacific Coastwise trade.
This short but highly interesting "Triangle" trip should
not be omitted from the itinerary. If requested when purchasing, it will be added in through tickets without additional
charge.   (See "Optional Routes" on big map at end.)
Victoria
Charmingly situated at the southern end of
Vancouver Island, Victoria—the capital city of
British Columbia—basks in sunshine and smiles at
the traveller. Although its enterprising business district speaks of a rich commerce drawn from the
forest, mineral and agricultural resources of the interior, Victoria is essentially a home city, with beautiful nouses, bungalows, gardens, lawns, boulevards
and parks; and it has furthermore a distinct charm
of its own that makes it different from all other cities
of North America and that has made it a favorite
residential and vacation city for both summer and
winter alike.
The Empress Hotel, last of the chain of Canadian
Pacific Hotels, is a beautiful structure matching the
city, overlooking the Inner Harbor and facing the
handsome Parliament Buildings. Adjoining the Empress Hotel a new amusement casino, the Crystal
Garden, contains one of the world's largest glass-
enclosed salt-water swimming pools, with dancing
floors, promenades, picture galleries, etc.
All kinds of summer sport are available at Victoria,
including good fishing and golf, the latter on five
fine courses.
Vancouver Island
From Victoria delightful excursions may be made into
the interior of Vancouver Island, either by the Esquimalt and
Nanaimo Railway or by automobile. Excellent hotels are to
be found at Shawnigan Lake, Cameron Lake and elsewhere.
Excellent fishing can be enjoyed at numerous places, for
salmon and trout.   The immense Douglas fir forests of the
Page Sixteen
interior and the balmy climate make a trip into the interior
wonderfully attractive.
From Nanaimo, 72 miles north of Victoria, on the E. & N.
Railway, the Canadian Pacific Steamship Line gives a direct
23^-hour service to Vancouver.
Automobile Ferry
Ret ween Vancouver and Nanaimo an automobile
ferry service will be provided by the Canadian Pacific "Motor
Princess." This fine vessel, especially designed for the handling of automobiles, has a capacity of 50 cars, besides observation room and dining room. During the summer of 1926
two round trips daily will be made.   (See time-tables.)
The fast passenger steamer "Princess Patricia" between
Vancouver and Nanaimo can also handle a limited number
of automobiles.
To Alaska
From Vancouver the palatial "Princess"
steamers of the Canadian Pacific will carry the
traveller to Alaska. This exceedingly popular side-
trip can be made in nine days, although one with
more time to spare will be well repaid if he spends
longer than this, and penetrates farther into the
wonderful "Land of the Midnight Sun."
The trip is a thousand-mile one through the beautiful "Inside Passage," winding along between the long
fringe of islands and the mainland as through a fairyland. It introduces one to magnificent scenery of a
character unknown elsewhere in North America—
long fiord-like channels, with looming glacier-clad
mountains dipping deeply into them, gaily painted
totem poles, Indians, gold mines, and always the
purple glories of the Alaska sunset.
Running out from Vancouver, the first stop is Alert Ray,
a little fishing town with some very picturesque totem
poles. The next day Prince Rupert is reached, and a few
hours later Ketchikan, the first Alaskan port and a very
flourishing community. Then comes Wrangell, and beyond
the Taku Glacier—a famous glacier that extends back over
ninety miles. Then, turning up the Gastineau Channel, the
ship reaches Juneau, capital of Alaska.
And then, eight hours north, up the beautiful Lynn Canal,
is our terminus, Skagway—Skagway the celebrated camp of
the Klondyke rush of '98, then the wildest and wickedest
town in the world, but now a model of propriety. In summer
it is a riot of color with its gay gardens. It, too, has good
hotels, and there are plenty of diversions to occupy the thirty-
six hour lay-over of the steamer—such as the excursion to
West Taku Arm.
The Yukon
Those who wish to go farther can travel by rail from
Skagway—the White Pass & Yukon Route, which takes one
almost literally over the roof of the world. It is a run of about
eight hours by this line over the steep White Pass to Whitehorse, in the Yukon Territory, passing enroute the beautiful
Lake Rennett. From Whitehorse, a little frontier town on a
tributary of the mighty Yukon River, the same company's
steamer can be taken still farther north to Dawson, centre
of the Klondyke gold mining region. This is a trip occupying,
from Whitehorse and back, about seven days.
A shorter side-trip, which can be taken independently or
in combination with the Whitehorse trip, is to Lake Atlin.
Taking the W. P. & Y. train, a change is made at Carcross
to a steamer which carries one eastward to this lovely lake,
which in magnificence of scenery vies with any in the world.
At the village of Atlin, the railway has established a commodious and comfortable tourist hotel, which every summer
houses a large number of visitors.
To Spokane
Before reaching Kootenay Lake, on the Nest
Pass route, (see page 2) an alternative can be followed
by taking a branch line to Kingsgate, whence the
Spokane International Railroad can be traversed
into Spokane.   Through cars are run to Spokane.
Spokane, capital of "the Inland Empire," is an important
financial and commercial city, with huge smelters, mines,
waterfalls, power plants, and an exceedingly prosperous agricultural territory within its sphere. From it also can be
easily reached some very delightful scenery.
From Spokane connections can be made in all directions.
Rail Route to Seattle
At Vancouver, the Canadian Pacific Railway connects
with the Great Northern Railway for Rellingham, Everett
and Seattle.
This is an alternative route to Seattle and points south,
but tickets reading by rail will not be good via steamship,
or vice versa, between Vancouver and Seattle.
Seattle
Splendidly located on Puget Sound, mountain-girt and fringed with lakes, Seattle is the largest city in the State of Washington, and one of the
most important on the Pacific Coast. It is a beautiful and progressive community situated on the slopes
of the hills that front the Sound, and has a fine
harbor accessible to the largest vessels afloat.
Lake Washington, a body of fresh water about twenty
miles long and three miles wide, bounds the city on the east,
and is connected with Puget Sound by the Lake Washington
Canal, a very notable feat of engineering. The down-town
business section of Seattle has many large buildings, including one of forty-two stories—the highest in America outside
of New York.   Seattle has excellent hotel facilities.
Seattle has a very pleasant residential section, especially
in the vicinity of the University of Washington, and many
beautiful parks, beaches and summer resorts. A large number of enjoyable trips can be made from Seattle by train.
steamer and motor, such as to Rellingham, Everett, Tacoma
and Mount Rainier. Hundreds of miles of good roads radiate
from the city.
Tacoma
Tacoma, the southernmost of the enterprising
cities that cluster along the Gulf of Georgia and Totem Poles,
Alert Bay
Down the
Yukon River
to Dawson
Juneau, Capital of Alaska
Page Seventeen PACIFIC       COAST       TOURS       through       the       CANADIAN       PACIFIC       ROCKIES
Puget Sound, stands on a bluff at the head of deep
water navigation on the Sound. It is the gateway
to Rainier National Park, and is connected with
Seattle by excellent motor roads, as well as by train.
It is known as the "Lumber Capital" of America on account
of the quantity of lumber manufactured and shipped from
here. Vast furniture factories make it the Grand Rapids of
the West.
Rainier National Park
Rainier National Park is easily accessible
from either Seattle or Tacoma. For the hiker, there
is the enjoyment of attempting the ascent to Columbia Crest, the summit, or in climbing the other
peaks in the park that require less preliminary training and can be made without guides. The tourist
can also view the wonderful scenery of the park from
the saddle, as one of the most interesting trips is a
three and one-half-hour horseback jaunt along Skyline Trail.
Rut it is not necessary even to hike or ride to feast on the
beauty of Mount Rainier, as the vacationist can view the
majestic scenery from the veranda of Paradise Inn, located
in beautiful Paradise Valley. One can have luncheon at sea
level at Seattle or Tacoma, and after a delightful automobile
ride dine at the inn. The Wonderland Trail, 145 miles long,
encircles the mountain. In the twelve-day trip the traveller
meets with endlessly changing panoramas of mountain and
glacier, canyon and forest, lakes and rivers and wild flowers.
Mount Rainier is 14,408 feet high.
Portland
Portland, Oregon, famous for its Annual
Rose Festival held in June, is so located as to offer
excursions of widely diverse nature. The Columbia
River Highway is a magnificent and famous motor
road paralleling the Columbia River, both east to
the Dalles and west to Astoria. Mount Hood (11,225
feet) is only four hour's trip from Portland over this
road, and the ascent can be made during a full day's
visit. Mount Adams (12,037 feet) can be visited
from Trout Lake, across the Columbia from Hood
River.
Numerous other motor trips invite the visitor.
There are several beaches on the ocean shore, and
steamer trips, while for golf and fly-fishing Portland
is highly favored. The city itself, occupying a series
of low, rolling hills, and embarked in beautiful flower-
gardens and lawns, is very attractive.
To California
Passengers en route to California have the
choice of either a rail trip or a sea voyage, at slight
Page Eighteen
additional expense, from Seattle, Victoria or Portland to San Francisco, Los Angeles and San Diego.
San Francisco
San Francisco is one of the most distinctive
cities on the American continent. Possessing one of
the largest landlocked harbors in the world, with an
area of 450 square miles, it has an imperial position
emphasized by the blithe architecture of the buildings topping its bold hills.
The city itself stands upon the promontory of the
northern part of San Francisco peninsula. To the
east are San Francisco Bay, the hills, and the populous cities of Alameda County. To the north are the
Golden Gate, the Marin County hills and majestic
Mount Tamalpais. To the west are the expanses of
the Pacific, and to the south San Francisco Bay
again, extending into the orchard-filled valley of
Santa Clara. Parks, elaborate and well designed,
are thronged with people, the largest being Golden
Gate Park.
In the immediate vicinity of San Francisco are many short
pleasure trips to keep the tourist delighted and busy. There
are Mount Tamalpais, the Muir Woods, the trip down the
ocean shore, Mount Hamilton Observation, the University of
California (with its famous Greek Theatre), Lake Merritt,
and the city of Oakland. There are Stanford University, San
Jose and the Santa Clara Valley fruit section, the old Mission
San Juan Rautista, Monterey, Del Monte, Santa Cruz and
the Redwood Rig Tree Grove, and excursions to Mare Island
Navy Yard, Napa Valley, the Petrified Forest, Mount Lassen
Volcano, and many more.
Lake Tahoe and the Yosemite
San Francisco is a convenient centre for many
tours radiating through the state. The Yosemite
National Park and the Sierra Nevada, for instance,
can be reached by rail to Truckee and Lake Tahoe,
and then by automobile via Carson Valley, Mono
Lake and Lee Vining Canyon, over the spectacular
Tioga Pass, nearly 10,000 feet above the level of the
sea—or by Merced and El Portal. Lake Tahoe,
6,225 feet above the sea, encircled by snow-capped
peaks, deep blue and emerald green waters framed
with lordly pines, is one of the most beautiful spots
in the state. A steamer makes a daily circuit of its
shores during the summer season.
The descent into the Yosemite Valley from the
rugged heights of the Tioga Pass gives one the thrill
of a lifetime. Yosemite Lodge and Camp Curry provide delightful bungalow camp accommodations for
the many thousands who come by rail or automobile.
An admirable automobile service is provided by the
Yosemite Transportation System.
Santa Barbara
Santa Barrara, between San Francisco and
Los Angeles, famous for its Mission, its hotels, its
mountain background, its palm trees, and its outlook on the Pacific, has a peculiar fascination for the
visitor from the East.
Rathing and fishing are here the accessories to perfect
outdoor happiness. "A half-opened lotus flower," this city
has been called, "whose fragrance calls its devotees from
around the world."
Los Angeles
Los Angeles, the tourist centre of Southern
California, lies between the mountains and the sea—
a region of pleasantly diversified landscape, with
broad valleys, snow-capped peaks, and magnificent
stretches of smooth beach. Famous for its beautiful
homes, lovely gardens, and fine hotels, Los Angeles
is one of the most attractive cities in the United
States. There are picturesque old Franciscan missions, orange groves, vineyards and orchards, cosy
bungalow homes and the villas of the rich, all in a
setting of vines and palms and flowers.
Paved highways afford delightful motoring through
miles and miles of orange groves and the numerous
communities which cluster around Los Angeles.
Hollywood—the famous moving picture colony—
Beverly Hills, Pasadena, and Long Beach are some
of these.
San Diego
San Diego, the southernmost city on the Pacific
Coast, was the birthplace of California. Here the
Franciscan Father, Junipero Serra, in 1769, founded
the first of the California missions—the Mission San
Diego de Alcala. The old Mission, the ancient
palms, the Franciscans' irrigation dam, Presidio
Hill, and such romantic reminders as Ramona's marriage place—are some of its historic associations.
Ralboa Park, in the centre of the city, was the site of the
Panama-California Exposition in 1915-1916. Fifteen of the
most beautiful buildings of the exposition have been permanently restored and around them centres the cultural,
recreational and social life of the community.
San Diego has many fine business streets, shops and residences, and its healthful and equable climate makes it delightful at all seasons. There are a score or more first-class
hotels. Across the bay, connected by ferry with San Diego,
is Coronado Reach. Nearby are polo fields, golf links, and
tennis courts. There is a deep-sea and surf fishing, yachting,
and motor-boating. c
Seattle—the Olympic Mountains in the background
^
The Pacific Highway, near Bellingham, Wash.
Page Nineteen ——

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