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Resorts in the Canadian Pacific Rockies Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1921

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Array CANi        MM
mm       Hi
HOCKIEB1
Mxy      W
Mi^^l^^.
||BM j                 CANADIAN   PACIFIC
HOTELS
[      Name   of   Hotel,   Plan,
Alti
a
0
| j      Distance from  Station
tude
Season
&
Recreations
1       and   Transfer   Charge.
0
!      St. Andrews, N. B.
11        The Algonquin—•              A
150
June 20-
219
Golf, Bathing, Boat-
| f             1 mile—50 cents.
Sept. 30
i ng,     Yachting
(Passamaquoddy
Bay, St. Croix
River).
j     McAdam, N. B.
j J        McAdam Hotel—            A
445
All year
15
Hunting in Season.
|              At Station.
]      Quebec, One.
| j        Chateau Frontenac—     E
300
All year
324
Scenic and Historical
J j             1 mile—50 cents.
interest, Golf,
Motoring (Plains of
Abraham, St. Anne
de Beaupre).               j
|     Montreal, One.
j j        Place Viger Hotel—        E
57
All year
114
Historical and Scenic
i |            At Place Viger
interest. Mt. Royal
1              Station.   1^ miles from
and   St.   Lawrence
1              Windsor Station—-
Rivet.                          !
j              50 cents.
Winnipeg, Man.
||        The Royal Alexandra—E
760
All year
389
Golf, Motoring, centre of  Canadian
j 1            At Station. •
West     (Site of old
Fort Garry).               |
1     Calgary, Alta.
!          Hotel Palliser—               E
3425
All year
298
Golf, Motoring, Fish
| j            At Station.
ing (Trout).
Banff, Alta.
11         Banff Springs Hotel—    E
4625
May 15-
280
Mountain drives and
1            \x/2 miles—25 cents.
Sept. 30
climbs, Golf, Bathing, Fishing (Trout),
Boating,    Riding
(Rocky Mountains
Park).                           j
I     Lake Louise, Alta.
11        Chateau Lake Louise— E
5670
June 1-
265
Boating, Mountain
] \            3^2 miles—50 cents.
Sept. 30
climbs, Pony trails,
11            Narrow Gauge Railway.
Fishing   (Trout),
Riding.
Emerald Lake (near
t
h        Field), B.C.
i I        Emerald Lake Chalet— A
4066
July 1-
16
Boating,  Fishing
l|            7 miles—$1.00.
Sept. 15
(Trout), Pony trails
to    Yoho    Valley,
. Takakkaw  Falls,
Riding.                         }
I      Glacier, B. C.
11        Glacier House—              A
4086
Julyl-
86
Pony trails, Climbs,
11            1}4 miles—50 cents.
Sept. 15
Exploring Glaciers,
Riding.                         I
\     Sicamous, B. C.
] |        Hotel Sicamous—           A
1146
All year
61
Boating,  Fishing
At Station.
(Trout)   (Sicamous   |
Lake).                         j
j      Penticton, B. C.
•1        Hotel Incola—•                 A
All year
62
Boating Okanagan
|              Near Steamer Wharf.
Lake.Fishing (Lake
Trout).                         j
i     Cameron Lake, B.C.
| [        Cameron Lake Chalet—A
May 1-
Fishing (Trout), Boat
j |            Vancouver Island.
Sept. 30
ing,   Splendid   forests    (Salmon fish-
, ing adjacent).              1
!     Vancouver, B. C.
11        Hotel Vancouver—         E
100
All year
488
Golf, Motoring, Fish
I              }4 mile—25 cents.
ing, Steamboat excursions,                       j
i     Victoria, B. C.
I          Empress Hotel—•         ,    E
Sea
All year
278
Golf,Motoring,Yacht-
j 1             200 yards.—25 cents
Level
ing, Sea and stream
fishing.
j        A—American Plan.    E—European Plan.
|                           ANDREW ALLERTON, General Superintendent,
{                                                                  Canadian Pacific Hotels, Montreal.
i;
1921
[Page One]
Mount Assiniboine RESORTS IN  THE
can travel in five hours from Lucerne to Como, or from Lausanne to Arona. When, therefore, Edward Whymper, the hero
of the Matterhorn, described the Canadian Pacific Rockies j
as fifty Switzerlands thrown into one, this certainly was no!
exaggeration. The Canadian Pacific Rockies stretch from
the Gap to Victoria, B. C.— 500 miles of Alpine scenery.
Snowy peaks, glaciers, rugged precipices, waterfalls, foaming
torrents, canyons, lakes like vast sapphires and amethysts set
in the pine-clad mountains—these have been flung together
in unparalleled profusion on a scale which Europe has never
known.
From the roof garden of the Hotel Palliser, in Calgary, you
can see the foothills of the Rockies—dull blue, with shining
peaks against the horizon. As the train glides westward up
the long transverse valleys—old grooves down which the
spent glaciers came from the higher mountains—the prospect
grows more awe-inspiring with every mile, till the train leaves
the foothills for the real Rockies.
The coloring is intense in the foregrounds—filled with softj
suggestion, with unguessed witchery of semi-tonal shade, as
the prospect dips and fades away from you. The skies are
raw blue, the snow on the summits is whiter than seafoam,
whiter than summer cloud, white with a glistening untouched
whiteness that cannot be named.
The still valleys are full of jade pine trees that fade into
amethyst and pearl distances. The spray of a 300-foot
cataract is like spun glass. The huge bulk of a tireless and
age-old glacier is milky green. The rocks are of every shade
and subtle blending that the palette of the First Artist could
produce. And the perspective effects are like nothing that
can be caught with the camera, or splashed on canvas.
Here in this wonder world, this bit of the raw glacial era
let down into neat and finished North America, the Canadian
Government has preserved five National Parks which dwarf
into insignificance any other parks in the world. There is]
Rocky Mountains Park, with headquarters at Banff; there is!
Yoho Park, reached from Field and Emerald Lake; there is!
Glacier Park, on the slopes of the Selkirk Mountains, farther
west; Revelstoke Park, overlooking the Columbia Valley, and
Kootenay Park, along the highway which is being constructed
between Banff and Lake Windermere. Altogether there are
nearly 220 miles of the most wonderful carriage roads in the
world; there are pony trails innumerable where you can see,
between straight pine trunks, blue valleys that yawn to midmost depths; and there are automobile roads in being or
under construction, such as the Highway of the Great Divide,
from Banff, over Vermilion Pass by way of the Sinclair Canyon to the Lake Windermere District of the Columbia Valley.
The Dominion Government is thus opening up spectacular,
country which hitherto has been less accessible to the regular
tourist.
There are few achievements in history to parallel the laying
of the Canadian Pacific steel across untouched wilderness and
prairie to Calgary (which appeared like the magician's pillar
when the road tapped the plain) and from Calgary to the coast
over the Kicking Horse and through the Connaught Tunnel.
The track was laid despite almost insuperable engineering
difficulties, and has undergone one improvement after another
ever since.
In the old days the Royal train containing the present j
King of England as a passenger was hauled from Field to
Hector through the Kicking Horse Pass by five huge locomotives. Today that old 4.5 grade has been reduced, by
means of tunnels, to 2.2 per cent.
These "Spiral Tunnels" form one of the most notable
engineering feats in existence. From the east, the track
enters the first tunnel under Cathedral Mountain, 3,255 feet
in length, and after turning a complete circle and passing
under itself, emerges into daylight 54 feet lower. The track
then turns easterly and, crossing the river, enters the second
tunnel, 2,900 feet long, under Mount Ogden. Again turning
a complete circle and passing under itself, it comes out 50
feet lower and continues to Field. The traveller can therefore
witness the strange phenomenon of a railway traversing the
valley by three lines at different elevations, crossing and
recrossing the river by four bridges. Two engines on the
easy grade thus attained can do the same work that used to
call for four.
Until the end of 1916, the railway climbed over the top
of Rogers Pass through a gorge, subject in winter to heavy
snowslides, against which the track was protected by four
miles of snowsheds. These are now evaded by the double-
track Connaught Tunnel, the longest railway tunnel in
America, which pierces its way through Mount Macdonald.
From portal to portal this tunnel measures exactly five miles
in length, but so straight is the line that the exits are never
out of sight.
So much for what the traveller sees en route. The stopping
places are even more unique than the main-line sights.
Banff, Lake Louise, Emerald Lake, Glacier, Sicamous—
these have their hotels whose windows open on fairyland,
where music or other entertainment helps to pass the evening
after a glorious day. Banff has an excellent golf course near
the hotel, with an unrivalled scenic setting. Fishing, hunting, climbing, riding, driving, exploring, Alpine flower gathering, wonder-photo taking—these are the "frill" doings in the
Rockies. The biggest and most solid pleasure is just living—
living where the air has never been contaminated with soot,
where you can go from summer to snow any time you want
to, where you don't need any alarm clock to get you up, any
cordial to put you to sleep, any dinner bell to tell you when
it's time to eat.
The dining room of the Banff Hotel seats 600 guests at a
time, and the cuisine is the Canadian Pacific standard—
to say which is to say all. The Hot Springs provide for
ideal swimming even on the coolest day, the Zoo is perennially
interesting, the boating and fishing will live in the memory
of everyone who tries them.
The Chateau Lake Louise is no less enchanting. Field is
another station giving access to wonderful scenery and the
traveler should arrange to stay over at Emerald Lake.
Never were there such carriage drives, such pony trails, such
two and three-day trips into the impenetrable silences. The
chalet at Emerald Lake, seven miles distant from Field, is
always ready with a real mountain welcome. A bungalow
camp has been planned for Wapta Lake between Lake Louise
and Field and will probably be ready for the tourist season of
1921.
Nothing could be a more unique experience than to take
the two-day ride via Yoho Pass and thence the high line trail
to Twin Falls. When the trail bends north toward the Falls,
you climb into another world. Across, on a sky-high meadow,
mountain goats browse on the close grass that is the sole form
[ Page Two ] CANADIAN PACIFIC ROCHES
li
of verdure at that altitude. You pass over the torn and
chiselled path of a primeval glacier, like a vast, dry torrent
bed. A marmot whistles eerily, and perhaps you catch a
sight of his rock-grey head against the door of his house.
Now and then a porcupine scuttles ahead of you. Strange
birds flare across the snow-silences, as sudden as a spoken
word.
The Twin Falls themselves are two huge roaring curtains
of spray, their feet hidden in perpetual mist that the sunshine
turns into rainbow dust.
The trail bends homeward here. You pass solemn little
emerald lakes in the nests of old cliff glaciers; you reach
Laughing Falls in eight miles; and later sight the never-to-
be-forgotten silver thread of Takakkaw.
The Crows Nest Route of the Canadian Pacific is a postscript, crossing the Rockies farther south than the main
line. But many folks think that it lives up to postscript
traditions by carrying some of the most important information. The visitor who would fully and faithfully see Rocky*
land should go by way of Banff and Lake Louise, on the
main line, then dip southward via Golden and the Kootenay
Central Railway, or via Revelstoke and the Arrow Lakes to the
Kootenays, or by the Okanagan Valley and the new Kettle
Valley Railway to Southern British Columbia.    There are
wonderfully beautiful waters and mountains all the way.
At Lake Windermere, south of Golden, a bungalow camp
was opened last summer on the shores of one of the loveliest
warm water lakes in British Columbia, with every facility
for bathing, boating, riding, and motoring in a country of
exceptional beauty. It proved very popular and attracted
many visitors to this district.
The Kettle Valley Railway is the youngest twig on the
Canadian Pacific tree. It opens up the charming big-fruit
country of the Okanagan.
MOUNTAIN TEMPERATURES
Is the temperature in the Canadian Pacific Rockies pleasant
in summer? That question is answered by the following
statistics, covering a period of eight years, of maximum and
minimum temperatures at Canadian Pacific Rocky mountain
hotels.
July
Max.   Min.
73        42
63        41
69        51
67        46
June
Max.   Min.
Banff Springs Hotel.. 66        39
Chateau Lake Louise   59        38
Emerald Lake Chalet  59*      47*
Glacier House   63        40
August
September
4ax. Min.
Max. Min.
70   41
60   35
64   40
56   35
70   49
58x  39x
69   45
56x  38x
*7 days only. x 15 days only.
COLU
§
2400 MILES   FROM   MONTREAL
Profile, Canadian Pacific Line—^Calgary to Sicamous
a30O
[ Page Three ] WHAT TO  DO AT BANFF
BANFF
SITUATED in the heart of the Rocky Mountains Park
of   Canada,   a   great   national   playground   covering   an
area of over 2,750 square miles and plentifully supplied
with trails in every direction.
At Banff the Canadian Pacific has erected a first-class
mountain hotel—the Banff Springs Hotel—with dining room
capable of seating 600 people at one time. (Open May 15 to
September 30.)
SWIMMING
Excellent swimming in warm sulphur water is afforded at
the Hot Sulphur Springs, the Cave and Basin Bath House,
and at the Banff Springs Hotel. The first-named, situated
on the wooded slopes of Sulphur Mountain, at an altitude
of 5,500 feet, is accessible by an excellent road from the Bow
River bridge (2% miles) or by trail from the Banff Springs
Hotel. The Cave and Basin is one mile from the bridge,
and here the Government has erected a handsome $150,000
swimming bath. The Banff Springs Hotel has its own
beautiful sulphur pool, with fresh water pool adjoining and
with expert masseurs in attendance at the Turkish baths
attached. The temperature of this sulphur water averages
90 degrees Fahrenheit (at the Hbt Springs 100 degrees).
GOLF AND TENNIS
An eighteen-hole golf course, situated on the banks of the
Bow River at the base of Mt. Rundle, is open to all visitors
to Banff for a small fee.   A professional player is in attendance.
A tennis court is free to guests at the Banff Springs Hotel.
BOATING
Boating facilities—rowing, canoeing, and motor-boating—
are available one hundred yards from the bridge. A paddle
up the Bow brings one to mirror-like Lake Vermilion—
one of the most beautiful lakes in the Park. A ten-mile
motor-boat trip into the heart of the mountains is also
offered. Another trip is up the Echo River, with two miles of
excellent paddling and rowing through clear water and sylvan
shade. An exciting and interesting trip can be taken by
running the rapids of the Bow from Castle, sending the canoe
to Castle by train. Lake Minnewanka, eight miles from
Banff, affords splendid boating amidst unexcelled scenery,
steam launches being also available.
RECREATION GROUNDS
On the shore of the Bow River,  500 yards west of the
bridge, are the Government Recreation Grounds and Building,
with  special  picnic,  baseball,   tennis,   football,  and  cricket
grounds.
WALKING AND CLIMBING TRIPS
There are a large number of beautiful walks, trails, and
roads leading from Banff, offering excellent tramping outings.
Bow Falls, at the junction of the Spray and Bow Rivers, and
three minutes' walk from the Banff Springs Hotel, is one of
the most beautiful spots in Banff. A lovely pine-canopied
avenue also runs from the Bow Bridge to the foot of the falls
below the hotel, passing en route the fish hatchery of the
Department of Fisheries.   On the east side of the Bow Falls
is the road which switchbacks up Tunnel Mountain, the
highest point being reached by a series of short switches
called the Corkscrew. It affords splendid views of the Bow
Valley and the surrounding mountains.
Sulphur Mountain, a long wooded ridge rising to an elevation of 7,455 feet, at the summit of which is an observatory,
and on the slopes of which is the clubhouse of the Alpine
Club of Canada; Cascade Mountain, a massive giant facing
the station; Mount Rundle, the sharp, pointed edge of which
forms one of the most striking features of the landscape;
Mount Edith, Stony Squaw, are all within easy walking
distance, and afford climbs not exceeding one day.
The Animal Paddock, 1*/2 miles from the town towards
Lake Minnewanka, and containing buffalo, elk, moose, mountain goat, and mountain sheep, the Zoo and Museum, and
Sun Dance Canyon should not be omitted.
DRIVES OR AUTOMOBILE TRIPS
Some of the walking trips mentioned may be taken by
carriage or automobile. In addition, there are others that
are too far for the ordinary walker. The Hoodoos (curious
giant-like forms of glacial clay and gravel formed by the
weathering of the rocks), Lake Minnewanka, a lake of somewhat stern beauty with a plentiful supply of fish, Bankhead
and its anthracite mines, Johnston Canyon, with a fine waterfall, westward sixteen miles from Banff, and situated in the
midst of a panorama of snowy peaks, and the "loop drive"—
are some of these splendid driving trips. A new automobile
trip which has become very popular runs over the Vermilion
Pass to Marble Canyon on the Banff-Winder mere highway.
SADDLE-PONY TRIPS
There are over 330 miles of trail in Rocky Mountains Park,
and many worth-while trips, from a day's to a fortnight's
duration, can be made from Banff or Lake Louise. In
addition to those which come under the head of walking or
driving, the visitor may find his way, by pony, to Mystic Lake,
in the heart of the Sawback range, to Ghost River and through
the Indian Reservation to the town of Morley, the Kananaskis
Lakes, forty-five miles south, Panther River, etc.
A particularly fine pony trip from Banff and one on which
several days can profitably be spent, is that to Mount Assiniboine—the "Matterhorn of the Rockies." This can be
reached via White Man's Pass and the Spray Lakes, and the
return made by traversing the beautiful summit country in
the vicinity of the mountain through the heather and flowers
of Simpson Pass and along the pools and waterfalls of Healy
Creek. Some of the best trout fishing in Canada may be had
at the Spray Lakes.
INDIAN POW-POW
There  are  a number  of   Indians  in  various  reservations
near  Banff.    An  annual   "pow-pow"   of sports,  races,  etc.,
is held during the month of July.
WINTER SPORTS
Banff is rapidly becoming an important  center for winter
sports, the Annual Carnival attracting ski-jumpers of international reputation.
[ Page Four ] RANCH LIFE IN THE FOOTHILLS
At the T. S. Ranch, near High River, Alberta, southwest of
Calgary, in the foothills of the Canadian Pacific Rockies, the
visitor can experience the novelty of ranch life interspersed
with romantic excursions into the nearby mountains, good
trout fishing, and excellent big game hunting in season,
including grizzly bear, mountain goat, and mountain sheep.
Frequent exhibitions of riding, broncho busting, roping, and
other cowboy stunts add materially to the entertainment
offered guests. Accommodation is provided in log cabins,
tents, and Indian teepees with a central cabin for dining and
recreation purposes. The T. S. ranch adjoins the famous
Bar U Ranch, the property of Mr. George Lane, one of the
cattle kings of the Northwest, and is only a short distance from
the ranch owned by H. R. H., the Prince of Wales. Further
information can be had from Mr. Guy Weadick, Manager,
T. S. Ranch, Stampede, Alta., Longview, P. O., Canada.
CARRIAGE, PONY, AND AUTOMOBILE
TARIFF AT BANFF
TO LAKE MINNEWANKA AND RETURN—
Carriage, team and driver—2 or 3 persons, 4 hours, $8.50; 9 hours,
$11.25; 4 or 5 persons, 4 hours, $1 1.00; 9 hours, $18.75.
Tally-ho coach—6 hours, 8 or more persons—from village, $2.50 each;
from Banff Springs Hotel, $3.00 each.
Automobile—from  village,   $2.25   each;   from  Banff  Springs  Hotel,
$2.75 each.
TO TUNNEL MOUNTAIN, BUFFALO PARK, CAVE AND BASIN,
AND RETURN—
Carriage, team and driver—4 hours, 2 or 3 persons, $8.50; 4 or 5
persons, $1 1.00.
Tally-ho coach—4 hours, 8 or more persons, $2.50 each.
Automobile    (when    open    to    motors)—$2.25    each;    minimum    4
persons, $9.00-
TO LOOP, CAVE AND BASIN, SUNDANCE CANYON, AND
RETURN—
Carriage, team and driver—4 hours, 2 or 3 persons, $8.50; 4 or 5
persons, $11.00.
Automobile—Loop drive only, per person, $1.25.
TO MOUNT EDITH PASS, SAWBACK, AND RETURN—
Carriage,  team and driver—4 hours, 2 or 3 persons, $8.50; 4 or 5
persons, $1 1.00.
Automobile—from village, $2.50 per person; from Banff Springs Hotel,
$3.00 each.
TO CAVE AND BASIN—
Livery—each way per person, 30c.   Return trip, carriage, team and
driver—1 hour, 3 or more persons, each $1.00.
Automobile—each way per person, 30c; minimum, $1.10.
TO UPPER HOT SPRINGS—
Livery—one way only. Banff to Hot Springs, $1.25 each. Hot
Springs to Banff, 75c. Return trip, carriage, team and driver—2 hours,
3 or more persons, $1.50 each.
Automobile—one way, per person, $1.10; minimum, $3.25.    Return
trip, with 15 minutes' wait, per person, $1.75; minimum, $3.25.   Special
trip to Hot Springs for party, same as one wav.
TO OBSERVATORY. TOP OF SULPHUR"MOUNTAIN—
Saddle horse only, $3.75.
TO BREWSTER CREEK—
18 miles by new trail; 3 days, which includes one day in camp. Rates
include guide, cook, pack horses, saddle horses, cooking utensils, tents and
provisions.   One person, $25.00 per day; 2 persons, $20.00 each per day;
3 or more persons, $17.50 each per day.
OTHER AUTOMOBILE TRIPS—
Village to Bankhead and return, $1.25 each.
From Railway Depot to any part of village north of river, 30c; south
of river, 60c.   Minimum, $1.10 in each case.
Banff Springs Hotel or village to golf links (two special trips per day)—
each way, per person, 30c.
Banff to Canmore—5-passenger car, $9.00; round trip, $12.00;
7-passenger car, $12.00; round trip, $15.00.
Banff to Johnston Creek—same as to Canmore.
Banff to Castle and return—5-passenger car, $6.00 per hour; 7-passenger car, $7.50 per hour.
Johnston Canyon and return—Motor tally-ho, per person, $3.50.
Any drive without specified destination—5-passenger car, $6.00 per
hour; 7-passenger car, $7.50 per hour.
Waiting time all automobile trips—5-passenger car, $2.25 per hour;
7-passenger car, $2.75.   Five-passenger cars will not start with fewer than
3 persons unless otherwise mentioned, nor 7-passenger cars with fewer than
4 persons.
GENERAL TARIFF—
Saddle pony rate—for first hour, $1.25; each subsequent hour, 75c;
$3.75 per day.   Guides, 75c per hour; all day, $5.50.
Single rigs, without driver—first hour, $1.75; second hour, $1.25; each
additional hour, 75c.
Single rigs, with driver—first hour or part thereof, $2.50; second hour,
$1.75; each additional hour, $1.25.
Two-seated carriage and driver—first hour, $2.75; each additional
hour, $1.75; per day, 9 hours, $11.15.
Three-seated carriage and driver—first hour, $4.75; second hour, $3.00;
each additional hour, $1.50; all day, 9 hours, $18.75.
One day consists of 9 hours and not more than 20 miles, unless otherwise provided.
Bus between station and C. P. R. Hotel, each way, 50c. Special trip
to station, 2 persons, $1.50; 3 persons, $2.50.
Ordinary hand baggage (not exceeding 2 pieces per person), free.
Trunks and heavy baggage, each way, 25c per piece.
The above rates {subject to alteration) are established by
the Dominion Parks Branch of the Department of the Interior.
Attempted overcharges should be reported to the Superintendent of Rocky Mountains Park, Banff. AROUND BANFF
1. The Three Sisters,Can-
more,   en   route  to
Banff.
2. Buffalo in the Buffalo
Park.
3. Banff   Springs   Hotel;
in   the   background,
the Fairholme Range.
4. The  Bow  Falls,  close
to the hotel.
5. The   Hot   Sulphur
Swimming    Pool,
Banff Springs Hotel.
6. At   the  T.  S.  Ranch,
near High River, in
the foothill country.
7. The Bow River; Mount
Rundle behind.
8. Banff has the highest
and most picturesque
golf club in Canada. [ Page Seven ] WHAT TO DO AT LAKE LOUISE
LAKE LOUISE
THE Pearl of the Canadian Rockies (altitude 5,670 feet).
"Probably the most perfect bit of scenery in the known
world. A lake of the deepest and most exquisite coloring,)
ever changing, defying analysis, mirroring in its wonderful
depths the sombre forests and cliffs that rise from its shores
on either side, the gleaming white glacier and tremendous
snow-crowned peaks that fill the background of the picture,
and the blue sky and fleecy clouds overhead."
On the shores of the lake the Canadian Pacific operates;
a magnificent Chateau hotel—open from June 1 st to September 30th.    The hotel has 265 bedrooms.
Some there are who are satisfied to sit on the verandah of
the hotel watching the marvellous kaleidoscope of color,
while others are eager to be out on the trail either on foot,
or on the back of a sure-footed pony. These trails are being
constantly improved and extended, so that there is a wide
selection from which to choose. The hotel itself occupies
a.very large area and has recently been greatly extended.
No more beautiful spot and no more comfortable hotel could
be chosen by anyone wishing to make either a short or long
stay in the Canadian Pacific Rockies.
LAKE LOUISE PROMENADE
Along  the westerly  shores  of  Lake  Louise  to  the boat
landing (distance, 1 V4 miles), a delightful walk along a level!
trail with splendid views of Castle Crags, Mount Lefroy andj
Mount Victoria.
LAKES IN THE CLOUDS AND BIG BEEHIVE j
The trail leaves the west end of the Chateau and rises!
gradually to Mirror Lake (altitude, 6,650 feet), thence up-!
ward to Lake Agnes (altitude, 6,875 feet). There are
beautiful views on the way up, and the trail is excellent.
(Round-trip distance is five miles; time, two and one-half,
hours.) A charming tea house has recently been established
on the shore of Lake Agnes. The trail is now continued
around Lake Agnes and up a zigzag path to the Observation
House on the Big Beehive.
LITTLE BEEHIVE AND MOUNT ST. PIRAN
After reaching Lake Agnes by the trail described above,
follow the path behind the Shelter Cabin for a quarter of a
mile. Here the trail forks, and the left branch may bel
followed to the summit of Mount St. Piran (altitude, 8,681
feet), or the right branch to the summit of the Little Beehive.
From either summit splendid views of the Bow Valley are
obtained.    Round trip, ten miles (time, six hours).
UPPER GLACIER TRAIL
This leaves the trail to the Lakes in the Clouds at Mirror
Lake, and continues along the side of the mountain to Look-
cut Point, situated about one thousand feet above Lake
Louise. The trail then descends gently to the level of the
Lower Glacier trail and the visitor may continue on towards
the wall of Victoria or return to the Chateau. Distance
from the wall of Victoria to the Chateau, four miles.
SADDLEBACK CABIN
Crossing the bridge over Lake Louise Creek, the trail
rises rapidly on the slopes of Mount Fairview to the Saddleback. From this point Mount Saddleback and Mount
Fairview (altitude, 9,001 feet) are easy of access. Round-
trip distance to the cabin is six miles (time, four hours). The
view of Paradise Valley and Mount Temple, from the Saddleback, is one of the finest in the Rockies. The return trip
may be varied by going by a steep, zigzag trail via Sheol
Valley to the Paradise Valley trail and thence to Lake Louise.
VICTORIA AND LEFROY GLACIERS
The path along the shore of Lake Louise may be taken
to the Victoria and Lefroy glaciers, distant four miles. Parties
should not venture out on the ice unless properly equipped,
and, indeed, the services of a guide are recommended to
point out the peculiar ice formations. The hanging glaciers
of Mounts Lefroy and Victoria are impressive in their grandeur.
The glacier is 200 to 250 feet thick. The summit of Mount
Victoria is five miles in an air line from the Chateau.
MORAINE LAKE AND VALLEY OF THE TEN PEAKS
Automobiles run daily to Moraine Lake (distant nine miles),
situated in the deeply impressive Valley of the Ten Peaks.
From the road one sees an interesting rock formation known
as the Tower of Babel. For the past few summers a small
permanent tea house and camp for anglers has been maintained
on the shores of Moraine Lake.
PARADISE VALLEY
Ponies may be taken up Paradise Valley, via either the
Saddleback and Sheol Valley, or via the low trail. The
journey is continued up the valley to a short branch trail
leading to the Giant's Steps, a step-like rock formation over
which the water glides in silver sheets. The journey may
then be continued across the valley to Lake Annette (altitude,
6,500 feet), a tiny emerald sheet of water on the side of
Mount Temple, and thence back to Lake Louise—distance,
thirteen miles; and the journey, eight^hours.
SENTINEL PASS
Via either the high or low route, Paradise Valley, thence to
the Giant's Steps and across the valley to Sentinel Pass (altitude, 8,556 feet). The descent is then made through Lodge
Valley, past the Minnestimma Lakes, to the Valley of the Ten
Peaks.    Return to the Chateau by the carriage road.
CONSOLATION LAKE
Leave the Chateau in the morning by automobile or carriage
for Moraine Lake. From here the journey may be continued
to Consolation Lake, distant about three miles. The waters
of the lake contain a plentiful supply of cut-throat trout, a
vigorous fish which takes the fly in^July and August. The
waters of these regions are re-stocked from the hatchery at
Banff.
[ Page Eight ] LAKE O'HARA
was considered so beautiful by the great artist, John S.
Sargent, that he spent ten days painting, one recent summer.
By sending ponies ahead from Lake Louise to Hector and
taking train to that station, the trip to this lake may be
made in a day. But so beautiful is this Alpine region that
two days are little enough. The Alpine Club of Canada
plans to hold its Annual Camp here this year.
The new bungalow camp planned for this season at Wapta
Lake will make Lake O'Hara very easily accessible.
ALONG THE PIPESTONE
An excellent trail north of the Bow River from Lake Louise,
along the valley of the Pipestone River, leads to an Alpine
Lake discovered four years ago to be full of trout eager for
the fly. The camping ground is nineteen miles from Lake
Louise station, so that guides, ponies, and outfit are recommended for those who wish to fish. The season opens on July
1st. The lake is in an Alpine meadow amid high glacial
surroundings of spectacular grandeur and beauty. On the
return journey a magnificent view is afforded of the group of
peaks which form a chalice for Lake Louise itself.
SWISS GUIDES
are attached to the Chateau Lake Louise for those who wish
to visit the glaciers, climb mountains, or make some of the
more strenuous trips through the passes. As they are greatly
in demand, it is advisable to make arrangements well in
advance.    Rates, $7.00 per day.
CARRIAGE AND   PONY TARIFF AT LAKE LOUISE
CARRIAGE DRIVES—
To Moraine Lake—half day, $3.00.
Between Lake Louise Station and Lake Louise, 75c each way.
SADDLE TRIPS-
Pony to Lakes Mirror and Agnes and return—3 hours, $1.75.
To Lakes Mirror and Agnes and Glacier via Grandview Trail—round
trip, $2.50.
To Lakes Mirror and Agnes, thence to Glacier and return to hotel,
$2.50; additional time of ponies at rate of 75c per hour.
To Lakes Mirror and Agnes and top of Mount St. Piran—6 hours,
$3.75.
To Victoria Glacier—4 hours, $2.50.
To Saddleback—5 hours, $3.00.
To Saddleback, Sheol Valley and Lower Paradise Valley, returning by
trail or carriage road—1 day, $3.75.
The same trip as the last, including Giant Step Falls, Horseshoe
Glacier and Lake Annette, returning by trail or carriage road—2 days,
$7.50.
The same trip as the last, but including Sentinel Pass, Larch Valley,
Moraine Lake, returning by trail or carriage road—3 days, $1 1.25.
To Moraine Lake—1 day, $3.75.
To Moraine Lake, Valley of the Ten Peaks, Wenkchemna Pass and
Lake—2 days, $7.50.
To Lake O'Hara and return from Hector—1 day, $3.75.
To Great Divide—1 day, $3.75.
To Ptarmigan Lake—1 day $3.75.
GENERAL TARIFF—
Two-seated carriage, team and driver—per hour, $2.75; each additional
hour, $1.75; all day, 9 hours, $1 1.15.
Three-seated carriage, team and driver—per hour, $4.75; second hour,
$3.00; each additional hour, $1.50; per day, 9 hours, $18.75.
Guide with horse, $5.50 per day.   Pack horse per day, $3.00.
Motor car line between station and C. P. R. Hotel—each way, 50c»
Trunks and heavy baggage—each way, 25c per piece.
Small hand bags (not exceeding two per person), free.
The above rates subject to alteration.    See foot-note under
Banff, page 5.
[ Page Nine LAKE LOUISE
The   Chateau
Louise.
The Great Divide—
near Lake Louise.
Moraine Lake and the
Valley of the Ten
Peaks.
The Pinnacle of Mount
Abbot.
A Mountain Trail near
Lakes in the Clouds.
Lake Louise, the Gem
of the Canadian Pacific Rockies.
Lake O'Hara, reached
from Lake Louise
and Lake Wapta.
Promenade along Lake
Louise.
[ Page Ten I Page Eleven | ALPINE CLIMBING
CANADIAN PACIFIC ROCKIES
THE Canadian Pacific Rockies comprise
some of Nature's most gigantic works.
Elsewhere in this publication the expression /'Fifty Switzerlands in one" is used.
This can better be visualized when it is said
that in the various mountain ranges that
make up the Canadian Pacific Rockies—the
Rockies, the Selkirks, and the Gold, Coast,
Cascade, and Purcell Ranges—there are,
according to government measurements, no
less than 598 mountain peaks over 5,000 feet
in height above sea level. This government
list includes only those peaks which bear
names, and it does not profess to exhaust
the innumerable mountains that have not yet
been named or measured. Of those actually
listed, there are 512 over 7,000 feet, 405 over
8,000 feet, 291 over 9,000 feet, 147 over
10,000 feet, 44 over 11,000 feet, 3 over 12,000
feet, and one over 13,000 feet.
But it should be noted that in many
mountainous regions the chief peaks spring
from such high plateaus that although they
are actually a very considerable height above
sea level, their height is not very impressive
to the traveller. This is not so in the Canadian Pacific Rockies. For example, some
fifty principal mountains seen by the traveller from the train or at the most popular
mountain resorts—at and around Banff,
Lake Louise, Moraine Lake, Lake O'Hara,
Field, Emerald Lake, the Yoho Valley, and
Glacier—and ranging in height from 8,000
to 1 1,500 feet, average a height above the
floor of the valleys at their base of about
4,800 feet, or almost a mile.
It is difficult to imagine anything more
fascinating than to start out in the early
morning, stepping in half an hour from the
perfect civilization of a luxurious hotel into
the primitive glory of cliff and crag, winding
waterway and frozen grandeur, to spend the
day among the mountains. With a blue sky
overhead, the air soft with the sweet resinous
spice of the forest, and all cares left far behind,
one sees only beautiful sights, hears only
wonderland sounds, and for a whole long day
lives close to the very heart of nature in her
most splendid mood. There are climbs both
strenuous and easy, long and short, appealing equally to women as well as to men.
An active Alpine Club, with over 500
members, and headquarters at Banff, holds
a camp each year in the Canadian Pacific
Rockies, and welcomes those who have the
1. A Crack in a Glacier. 2. A Climbing Party. 3. On the Edge of a
Crevasse. 4. Climbing Mount
Assiniboine. 5. The Giants of the
Canadian Pacific Rockies.
I Page Twelve J ambition to climb a peak at least 10,000 feet high. The
Canadian Pacific Railway has a number of experienced Swiss
guides attached to its mountain hotels. These guides were originally imported from Europe, but now have a picturesque little
colony of their own at Edelweiss, near Golden, B. C.
Director A. O. Wheeler, of the Alpine Club of Canada, writes:—
"Apart from the wonderful and unexplained exhilaration that
comes from climbing on snow and ice, and the overwhelming
desire to see what lies beyond, your true Alpine enthusiast glories
in the wide-spreading spectacular panorama that is seen from a
mountain top, when all in view is spread before him as on a living
map. It is in places such as these, where the prescience of an
Almighty Power is ever present, and which can only be attained
through hard bodily exertion, that he loves for a brief space to
enjoy the wonders that are spread at his feet."
A WALKING TOUR TO MOUNT ASSINIBOINE
From Banff to Mount Assiniboine is a fine walking tour that
can now, by means of intermediate camps, be made in three days
of delightful travel. The camps, located amongst magnificent
scenery, were established last year by the Canadian Alpine Club,
and are now open to non-members. A public walking tour leaves
Banff twice weekly during July, August and September. Special
trips can be arranged from the main route. A pack train operates
in conjunction with the tour and will carry all baggage desired.
An ice-axe, alpenstock or steel-shod walking stick is required in
addition. The journey can also be made by ponies. Charges at
the camps, $5.00 per day inclusive; saddle ponies $3.00 per day;
baggage charges $1.00 per lot of 40 lbs. between camps. A comfortable camp will also be in operation in 1921 at the Banff
Middle Springs, which will be open to the public, whether going
on the Banff-Assiniboine tour or not. Rates $4.00 per day. For
full particulars of these tours and camps, write A. O. Wheeler,
Canadian Alpine Club, Banff, Alberta.
[ Page Thirteen ] WHAT TO DO AT EMERALD LAKE
FIELD
NESTLING at the foot of Mount Stephen, a giant that
towers 6,500 feet above the railway and  the Kicking
Horse River, Field is the stopping-off point for Emerald Lake, the famous Yoho Valley, and Yoho Park  (area
476 square miles).
A bungalow camp has been planned to take care of the
many visitors who wish to make the Yoho and other trips
from Wapta Lake. It is expected that this camp will be
ready for the summer of 1921.
EMERALD LAKE
An excellent carriage road crosses the Kicking Horse River
at Field to the base of Mount Burgess, and leads through a
forest of balsam and spruce to Emerald Lake, seven miles
distant. This beautiful lake, of most exquisite coloring and
sublimity of surroundings, lies placid under the protection
of Mount Wapta, Mount Burgess, and Mount President. It
is well stocked with fish and its vicinity affords many charming excursions on foot. A picturesque two-story log chalet
has been erected on the shores of the lake, and is operated
by the Canadian Pacific. Here the tourist may break his
journey en route to the Yoho Valley. (Open July 1st to
September 15th.    American plan.)
TAKAKKAW FALLS
From Emerald Lake an excellent trail leads up through forests to the Yoho Pass (altitude, 6,000 feet), where it is joined
by the trail from Field over Mount Burgess. Reaching the
summit by pony, a wonderful view is obtained. Summit
Lake, a small but beautifully colored lake, is passed, and
thence descent is made into the Yoho Valley, the objective
being Takakkaw Falls. These wonderful falls have a sheer
drop of 1,200 feet, forming one high ribbon of water descending from precipitous cliffs in clouds of foam. (Distance,
Emerald Lake to Takakkaw, six miles.)
YOHO GLACIER
From Takakkaw a trail can be taken into the upper part of
the valley, past Laughing Falls and the Twin Falls (two vast
columns of water that drop almost perpendicularly) to the
Yoho and President Glaciers and the Waputik ice field. The
Yoho Glacier is one of the most interesting in the Canadian
Rockies, and is highly picturesque. It usually ends in a very
beautiful ice arch, from which a stream gushes with great
violence. A splendid side trip can be made up the Little Yoho
to one of the former camps of the Alpine Club of Canada.
The return can be made by a higher trail, which goes part
way up Yoho Peak, and a wonderful panorama is afforded of
the entire Yoho Valley, the Cathedral Range across the
Kicking Horse Valley, and the Wapta and Daly glaciers.
YOHO ROAD
An alternative route from Field to the Yoho Valley is
by carriage road.   This is one of the finest long drives in the
Rockies (round-trip distance, twenty-two miles). The road
crossing the Kicking Horse River follows the milky glacier-fed
stream to where it joins the Yoho River, near the entrance
of the valley at Mount Field, round which it swings and up
the valley until some precipitous cliffs are reached. Up these
it zigzags to a higher level, ending a short distance past
the Takakkaw Falls.
BURGESS PASS
Yet another route to the Yoho Valley is over the Burgess
The pony trail from Field rises up the wooded slopes
of Mount Burgess to the pass (altitude, 7,150 feet), from
which a magnificent panoramic view of the surrounding
mountain ranges may be obtained. Continuing along the
slopes of Mount Wapta the trail is almost level until the
Yoho Pass is reached, whence descent is made to either
Takakkaw Falls or to Emerald Lake.
OTTERTAIL ROAD
A delightful drive from Field along the old grade, the
round-trip distance being sixteen miles to the Ottertail Valley,
up which a magnificent view of the triple-headed Mount
Goodsir may be had.
FOSSIL BEDS
The famous Mount Stephen fossil beds are reached from
Field by a pony trail which rises to an elevation of 6,000 feet
above the sea level. The fossil beds are over 2,000 feet in
thickness. x
DENNIS AND DUCHESNAY PASSES
A very fine one-day climbing trip, commencing at Field,
and traversing the gap (Dennis Pass) between Mount Stephen
and Mount Dennis, and from there to Duchesnay Pass. The
descent is made to a beautiful valley under the shadow of
the precipitous crags of Mount Odaray, the valley being followed until the Lake O'Hara trail is reached. The climber
should not fail to pay a visit to the lake, one of the most
beautiful in the Rocky Mountains. The return to the railway
(distant eight miles) from Lake O'Hara is made by way
of an excellent trail to Hector Station. From here, Field
may be reached by train or, better still, by walking down the
old grade until the Yoho Road connection is reached.
UPPER BOW LAKE
One trip that will especially appeal to the enthusiastic
Alpine climber is that from the Yoho Valley to Upper Bow
Lake. This lake is a source of the Bow River, and lies at a
distance of about nineteen miles northwest from Lake Louise
as the crow flies, at an altitude of 6,400 feet above sea level.
This trip, however, should not be undertaken by anyone
unacquainted with glacier-climbing conditions. There are a
number of crevasses to be crossed, especially if the trip is
made late in the season, and a Swiss guide should be taken.
! Page Fourteen ] The route from the Yoho Valley is roughly northeast.
The valley is followed up to the forefoot of the Yoho Glacier,
through the meadows above the left side, and then up the
Balfour Glacier. The Vulture Col is then crossed to Christmas Peak, or St. Nicholas, to the right-hand branch of the
Bow Glacier, from which descent is made by canyon and
stream to the upper end of Upper Bow Lake. This makes a
most interesting and delightful trip, the time from Yoho
Glacier to the lake occupying about one day's tramp and climb.
CARRIAGE, AUTOMOBILE, AND PONY TARIFF IN
YOHO PARK
FIELD TO EMERALD LAKE—
Transfer (train time only), per person, each way—direct route, $1.00;
via Natural Bridge, $1.25. Hand baggage free; extra, two pieces per
head, 25c.   Trunks, 50c each.
One-way trip, carriage, team and driver—direct route, 2 or 3 persons,
$3.75; 4 or 5 persons, $6.25. Via Natural Bridge—2 or 3 persons, $4.50;
4 or 5 persons, $7.50.
Round trip, carriage, team and driver—via direct route, with 20-
minute stop at Emerald Lake, $6.50. Automobile, direct route, per person,
$2.25.   Return via Natural Bridge, $2.50.
Round trip, carriage, team and driver—half-day, 4 hours, one way
via Natural Bridge, 2 or 3 persons, $7.00; 4 or 5 persons, $10.50. Full
day, 9 hours, 2 or 3 persons, $12.00; 4 or 5 persons, $15.00.
Tally-ho coach—Field to Emerald Lake and return, one way via
Natural Bridge, 4 hours, each person, $2.50.
Field to Ottertail Bridge and return, carriage, team and driver—
3 hours, 2 or 3 persons, $6.25; 4 or 5 persons, $9.00.
Field to Takakkaw Falls, carriage, team and driveir—9 hours, 2 or 3
persons, $12.00; 4 or 5 persons, $15.00.
Field to Takakkaw Falls—Tally-ho coach, 9 hours, each, $3.00.
Field to Monarch Cabins—1, 2 or 3 persons, $3.00; 4 or more, $1.00
each. ^
Field to Look-Out via Emerald Lake and return—Carriage to Emerald
Lake, pony beyond, each person, $6.00. To Look-Out via Burgess and
return—Carriage to Emerald Lake, pony beyond, each person, $6.50.
Guide accompanies eachjtrip, but no charge is made when accompanying
3 or more persons.
Field to Natural Bridge and return—
4 or 5 persons, $7.50.
-2 hours, 2 or 3 persons, $4.50;
SADDLE PONY TRIPS—
Field to Fossil Beds and return—4 hours, $2.50.
Field to Emerald Lake, via Burgess Pass and return by road—one
day, $3.25.   Stopping overnight at Chalet, $5.00.
Field to Takakkaw Falls and return—all day, $3.50.
Field to Twin Falls, return via Burgess—2 days, $7.00.
Emerald Lake to Takakkaw Falls and return—one day, via trail,
$3.50.   Two days, one way via trail, $7.00.
Takakkaw Falls to Twin Falls and return—1 day, $3.50.
Takakkaw Falls to Twin Falls and Emerald Lake-—2 days, $7.00.
Emerald to Twin Falls and return—2 days, via trail, $7.00.
Emerald Lake to Look-Out Point and return to Field via Burgess
Pass and Yoho Road—1 day, $3.50.
Field to Lake McArthur and Lake O'Hara via Ottertail trail, and
return via Hector trail—2 days, $7.00; same trip, 3 days, $10.50. Field
to Lake O'Hara and return via Hector—2 days, $7.00.
Hector to Lake O'Hara and return—1 day, $3.50. Ponies going light
from Field to Hector and return, $1.65 each.
Field to Leanchoil and return—2 days, $7.00.
Field to Emerald via road—one way only, $1.50. Via Natural Bridge
and return via road, $3.00.
Emerald Lake to Fossil Beds and return—all day, $3.50.
Field to Sherbrooke Lake and return—1 day, $3.50.
GENERAL TARIFF—
Saddle pony—first hour, $1.25; each ac1 litional hour, 75c; per day of
9 hours, $3.50. Guides, with pony, $1.00 per nour; $6.00 per day of 9 hours.
Single^ rigs without driver'—first hour, $2.00; second hour, $1.25;
each additional hour, 75c; all day, 9 hours, $6.00. With driver, first hour,
$2.50; second hour, $1.50; each additional hour, $1.00. All day, 9 hours,
$9.00.
Two-seated carriage with driver—first hour, $2.75; each additional
hour, $1.75; all day, 9 hours. $12.00.
Three-seated carriage with driver—first hour, $4.50; second hour,
$3.00; each additional hour, $1.50; all day, 9 hours, $15.00.
Automobiles—per hour, 5-passenger car (minimum 3 persons), $6.00
per hour; 7-passenger car (minimum 4 persons), $7.50 per hour.
Waiting time—5-passenger car, $2.50 per hour; 7-passenger car, $3.00
per hour.
The above rates subject to alteration.   See foot-note under Banff, page 5.
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[ Page Fifteen ] EMERALD LAKE AND
FIELD
1. Emerald   Lake   and
Mount Burgess.
2. Natural   Bridge,   near
Field.
3. The Yoho Glacier,  in
the Yoho Valley.
4. The Twin Falls, Yoho
Valley.
5. Mount Stephen and
Field. [Page Seventeen] WHAT TO DO AT GLACIER
GLACIER
IN the heart of the Selkirks, an admirable centre for Alpine
climbing.    There are two very fine glaciers within easy
reach of the hotel—one, indeed, the Illecillewaet Glacier,,
may be said to be in the yard of the Canadian Pacific Hotel.
Glacier Park covers 468 square miles and is a Paradise for
those in search of Alpine flowers—over 500 varieties blooming every summer. Glacier House, the Canadian Pacific
Hotel, is open July 1st to September 15th.   (American plan.)
Sir Donald (10,808 feet) rises, a naked and abrupt pyramid,
to a height of a mile and a quarter above the railway. This
stately monolith was named after the late Sir Donald Smith
(Lord Strathcona), one of the promoters of the Canadian;
Pacific Railway. Farther to the left are sharp peaks—Uto,
Eagle, Avalanche, and Macdonald—second only to Sir Donald.
Rogers Pass and the snowy Hermit Range, the most prominent peaks of which are called the Swiss Peaks, are in full
view. Again, to the left, at the west end of the Hermit Range
on the south side of Bear Creek, comes Cheops, so named
after the Great Pyramid, the tomb of the Pharaoh Shufu
(Cheops), who lived about 3,700 B. C; and in the foreground,
and far down among the trees, the Illecillewaet glistens
across the valley.
GREAT ILLECILLEWAET GLACIER
Less than two miles from the hotel and tumbling from an
altitude of 9,000 feet on the sky line, to 4,800 feet at the
forefoot, this glacier covers ten square miles and is easily
reached in one hour by way of an excellent trail. The return
trip may be taken along the alternative trail on the east bank
of the Illecillewaet River.
ASULKAN VALLEY AND GLACIER
(Altitude, 4,100 to 6,000 feet.) The trail branches off
the main great glacier trail one-quarter of a mile from the hotel,
and crossing the Asulkan Brook, climbs up the east side of
the valley to the forefoot of the Asulkan Glacier, distant
four miles from the hotel. This is one of the most beautiful
valleys in the Selkirks.
MARION LAKE, OBSERVATION POINT AND
THE ABBOTT ALP
The trail leaves the rear of the hotel (altitude 4,093 feet)
and climbs gradually up the slopes of Mount Abbott to Marion
Lake (altitude, 5,666 feet). The lake can be reached in less
than an hour and a half. In the early morning a beautiful
reflection of the Hermit Range is to be seen on the surface
of the lake. At Marion Lake the trail forks, the right trail
going to Observation Point (altitude, 5,750 feet), distant
about one hundred yards away, from which a splendid
panorama of Rogers Pass is to be had. The trail branching
to the left leads to the Abbott Alp, a beautiful grassy upland.
From here a splendid view of the Dawson Range can be had.
GLACIER CREST
A path branches from the Asulkan trail, a short distance
from the first bridge, and climbs, corkscrew fashion, to Glacier
Crest   (altitude,   7,419  feet),   commanding  the   Illecillewaet
Glacier, with its crevasses, seracs, and moraines.
CASCADE SUMMERHOUSE
Starting from the Swiss guides' Chalet, a path leads up
the lower slopes of Mount Avalanche to the Cascade Sum-
merhouse, perched at an altitude of 5,252 feet.
From this point the cascade tumbles in a series of leaps
to a distance of 1,200 feet. Still higher up one may go to
Avalanche Crest (altitude, 7,855 feet). A magnificent view
of the Bonney Ridge and glacier may be had from this point.
ROGERS PASS
The summit of the Selkirk Range as formerly crossed by
the railway (altitude, 4,351 feet), is reached by a pony trail.
Here the stupendous precipices of Mount Tupper (altitude,
9,229 feet) may be seen to advantage. The trail to the
Rogers amphitheatre may be taken from this point, and the
cabin there used as a base for exploring and climbing.
BEAR CREEK
This beautiful little valley is directly opposite Rogers
Pass Summit and ends in the Baloo Pass, distant three
miles. Beautiful waterfalls deck the sides off the valley,
the upper reaches of which are carpeted with flowers. The
journey may be continued over the Baloo Pass to the Nakimu
Caves'and the Cougar Valley trail and road to the hotel,
which is distant five and one-half miles from the Baloo Pass.
NAKIMU CAVES
With beautiful interior marble markings, situated on the
lower slopes of Mount Cheops, in the Cougar Valley, are
reached by an excellent carriage road and pony trail, the
distance from Glacier House being five miles. Parties may
arrange to take lunch and have same at the cabin, situated
at the caves. Energetic walkers will find it worth while to
continue on the trail over the Baloo Pass, returning to the
hotel by Rogers Pass.
ASULKAN VALLEY AND GLACIER TO
ASULKAN PASS
The Asulkan Pass (altitude, 7,710 feet) may be reached
by an easy one-day trip across the glacier.    The view of
the Dawson Range from the pass is exceptionally beautiful.
A DAY ON THE GREAT GLACIER
The [formation   of  crevasses,   seracs,   moulins,   etc.,   may
best be studied by spending a day with a Swiss guide on the
great glacier.   Perley Rock may also be visited and the great
crags of Mount Sir Donald viewed from this vantage point.
THE DOG TOOTH MOUNTAINS AND CANYON
CREEK VALLEY
The opening of a trail from Glacier House to the Beaver
River,  and the erection of bridges over the Beaver River
and Grizzly Creek, has made possible the ascent of the Dog
I Page Eighteen ] Tooth Mountains, a beautiful range to the west of Golden.
The route along the bottom of Grizzly Creek is easy; thence
it ascends by gentle gradients to the pass over the Dog
Tooth Range, which, though above the timber line, is low and
quite accessible. Open park lands extend from the pass to
Canyon Creek Valley, where the beautiful meadows make an
ideal camping ground. From the peaks on one side there is a
fine view of the Columbia Valley towards Golden; from those
on the other, of the Spillimacheen Mountains, while back
across the Beaver Valley are seen the more familiar snow-
clad giants of the Selkirks. The trip from Glacier House
to Canyon Creek Valley and back can be made in three days.
ASULKAN PASS
And return, via Swanzy Glacier and Lily Pass  (altitude
8,228 feet), a long but splendid trip, traversing many glaciers.
The route may be reversed by making the trip via the summit
of Mount Abbott and rear slope of the Rampart.
UTO AND EAGLE PASSES
A circuit of Eagle Peak, making the trip via the pass
between Uto Peak and Mount Sir Donald, and the return
by the pass between Eagle Peak and Mount Avalanche.
Imposing views of the northwest ridge of Mount Sir Donald
and of the whole Beaver Valley.
MOUNTS ABBOTT AND AFTON
(Altitudes,  8,081   and 8,425  feet.)    A  delightful  one-day
climb, with splendid views of the Mount Bonney Region.
CASTOR AND POLLUX
(Altitudes, 9,108 and 9,176 feet.)   The twin peaks may be
climbed via Asulkan Valley and Glacier.    They present no
difficulty to a well-equipped party.
MOUNT GRIZZLY
The trail may be taken to Rogers Pass Summit and from
there a short walk via Bear Creek Valley leads to the actual
climb. From the summit the view northward reveals the
monarch of the Selkirks, Mount Sir Sanford (altitude, 11,590
feet), while to the northeast may be seen the gigantic escarpment of the Rocky Mountains.
Note—Swiss Guides are stationed at the Hotel and are available for the service of tourists for the fee of $7.00 per day. The
guides provide rope, ice axes, etc., and visitors intending to
climb should be equipped with stout boots well nailed.
GLACIER CARRIAGE,  PONY, AND
AUTOMOBILE TARIFF
Transfer, station to hotel (train times only)—each way, 50c.
Heavy baggage, 25c; hand baggage (two pieces per person), free.
From Glacier House to end of road to Caves, and return—carriage,
team and driver, 2 or 3 persons, $7.00; 4 or 5 persons, $10.50. Automobile,
$2.50 per person, with minimum of 3 persons per 5-passenger car and
5 persons per 7-passenger car.
Great Glacier and return—time 2 hours, $2.00.
Asulkan Glacier and return—time 4 hours, $2.50.
Marion Lake and return—time 3 hours, $2.50.
Overlook and Mount Abbott and return—all day, $3.50.
f     To Nakimu Caves—All day, $3.50.
Riding skirts or rain coats rented at 50c per day.
Saddle ponies—first hour, $1.25; succeeding hours, 75c each; per day
of 9 hours, $3.50.
Guide with pony—per hour, $1.00; per day, $6.00.
General Automobile Tariff—same as at Field.
The above rates subject to alteration. See foot-note under Banff, page 5.
I Page Nineteen ] GLACIER
1. Alpine climbing  made
easy.
2. Ice Seracs on the   Ille
cillewaet Glacier.
3. Glacier House and its
surrounding     mountain ranges.
4. The  Connaught  Tun
nel   through Mount
Macdonald.
5. Mount Sir Donald.
6. Climbing   with   Swiss
Guide.
7. A Rest at a Mountain
Cabin.
8. Ready for the Trail.
[ Page Twenty ] [ Page Twenty-one ] HUNTING
CANADIAN PACIFIC ROCKIES
WHILE hunting is forbidden within
the National Parks in the Canadian
Pacific Rockies, there is magnificent
sport to be had outside the Park limits, and
the Canadian Pacific Railway hotels are good
outfitting points for some of the best hunting
grounds. British Columbia is the last home
of the grizzly, that monarch of the bear
family. He is to be found pretty much
throughout the Selkirks and Rockies, the
East Kootenay and Lillooet districts and the
country reached from Revelstoke, being particularly promising hunting grounds. The
best time to hunt for bear is in the spring.
Brown bear, the largest carnivorous animal in the world today, is a trophy par
excellence, and the hunter who succeeds in
bagging one of these huge ferocious animals
can be assured of pulse-quickening memories for the rest of his life.
The Rocky Mountain goat, whose uncanny beard gives him almost a human
appearance, has his home among the peaks
of the Canadian Pacific Rockies. He is a
brave and fearless fighter, and is more than
a match for any dog that dares to attack him.
His sharp and needle-like horns and strong,
pointed hoofs are excellent weapons of defence
against his enemies. He is the most daring
of all mountain climbers, fearless and surefooted, and delights in scaling great heights
and taking perilous leaps across chasms. His
coat is white, soft and fluffy, and the color
has the effect of magnifying his size, which is
usually about thirty-five to forty inches at
the shoulder. When full grown he weighs
from 200 to 250 pounds. He has practically
no enemies save men and eagles. When
danger threatens he climbs up or down the
steepest precipice he can find, and there is
no wild creature without wings that can
follow him.
The Bighorn or Rocky Mountain sheep is
today considered the most valued prize
obtainable by the sportsman. Its home is
among the fastnesses of the Canadian Pacific
Rockies. This animal is of a suspicious nature, but is sure-footed and self-reliant in its
mountain home and will escape over rocks
which the hunter finds impossible to traverse.
Its flesh is pronounced by epicures to be the
1. Big Horn Mountain Sheep.
2. An Enticing Silhouette.    3. The
End of a Bear Hunt.
I Page Twenty-two) HUNTING
CANADIAN PACIFIC ROCKIES
most delicious of the world's game and its
massive wide-spreading horns make a beautiful ornament. Of all Canadian game the
Bighorn is most wary and difficult to bag.
His vigilance is admirable and once he has
regained the higher ground, after feeding
during the early morning, only the combination of luck and skill will secure a successful
shot.
The moose, that monarch of the forest,
whose mighty antlers make him such a desirable prize, ranges plentifully through the
heavily wooded stretches of the Rockies.
The caribou inhabits a more open country than the moose, and is found in large
numbers on the moss-covered barrens in the
Canadian Pacific Rockies. The largest
heads have been shot here.
The Lillooet District is a fine country for
hunting the common Bighorn. The town of
Lillooet, reached by stage from Ashcroft or
Lytton, is a good outfitting centre. Here
guides can be picked up and all essentials for
a trip obtained.
The Caribou district is one of finest hunting territories in the West. It lies away off
the beaten track in the very heart of the
Canadian Pacific Rockies, and returning
sportsmen are most enthusiastic in its
praise.
Here grizzlies, moose, caribou, mountain
sheep and mountain goat are all plentiful,
while black bear are also shot. The fishing,
too, is superlatively good.
Complete outfits and reliable guides can
be secured at various points in the District.
Golden is the main line junction point for
the East Kootenay sheep country, which is
probably the most accessible of any, though
the country is rough and somewhat difficult.
Invermere (station Lake Windermere,
seventy-four miles south of Golden) is a good
starting point.
There is splendid goat hunting in the
higher ranges of the creeks, which descend
from the Selkirks into the Upper Columbia
Valley. These are reached from the Lake
Windermere branch of the Canadian Pacific
Railway.
1. Duck Shooting, Vancouver
Island. 2. Lynx. 3. A Camp in the
Rockies.
f Page Twenty-three | FISHING IN THE CANADIAN PACIFIC ROCKIES
FISHING IN THE CANADIAN PACIFIC
ROCKIES
THERE are many spots in the Canadian Pacific Rockies<
where the angler is assured of excellent fishing. Some
of the principal fishing waters are indicated in the
following brief survey. )
BANFF
Six game fish have their habitat in the waters of the Banff
National Park—the Cut-Throat Trout, the Lake Trout,/
the Dolly Varden, the Bull Trout, Brook Trout, and the.
Rocky Mountain Whitefish. Any point on the Bow River!
upstream for several miles from the bridge at Banff affords
Dolly Varden and Bull Trout. The Vermilion Lakes, half
a mile from the boat house, and Forty-Mile Creek, a beautiful'
stream that joins the Bow River at Banff, can be profitably
fished. A little farther afield, the Bow River offers capital
fishing. I
A favorite and delightful trip is by canoe from Castle
station, down this lovely river to Banff, fishing the various
pools for Cut-Throat Trout, etc. Castle is seventeen miles
by rail west of Banff and can also be conveniently reached
over the splendid new motor highway. There are fine camping sites along the route. Canoes can be taken by train from
Banff and easily carried the short distance necessary to the
river at Castle.
In the opposite direction, on the Bow River from Banff to
its junction with the Kananaskis River at Seebe, are deep
pools and eddies, where good fishing is obtainable, but only
good canoe men should attempt this trip.
Lake Minnewanka, or Devil's Lake, eight miles from Banff
and easily reached by auto or driving over a good road,
affords fine fishing for Lake Trout, which reach an uncomr
mon size. The usual method of taking these fish is by trolling.
A comfortable chalet is located on the shore of the lake at
the end of the road.
Mystic Lake, seventeen miles from Banff, drains into
Forty-Mile Creek. It is reached by pony trail via Mount:
Edith Pass. The best fishing is usually found near the
mouth of the glacial spring which enters the lake. While
the varieties of fish offered do not run to any large size,
they will bite greedily.
Seven miles beyond Mystic Lake are the Sawback Lakes,
where there is also very good fishing to be had for Cut-Throat
and Dolly Varden Trout.
Spray River joins the Bow at Banff. At the Falls, about
eight miles up stream, the fishing begins and continues right
to the Spray Lakes, twenty miles further. August is the best
time to fish this water. Fly and spinner will prove successful
lures for fine sport.
The Spray Lakes are twenty-eight miles from Banff, over
a good pony trail, which for a great part of the distance
follows closely the windings of the enchanting Spray River.
Cut-Throat, Silver, and Dolly Varden Trout run to a large
size both in the lakes and in the several streams entering into
and running out of them.    July and August are the best
fly-fishing months. Rocky Mountain Whitefish are also
plentiful. Very large trout are caught in the Lower Kananaskis Lake, reached by way of the 'Spray Lakes from Banff or
up through the Kananaskis River Valley from Morley.
[Information in detail in regard to fishing at Banff can be
obtained from the Fishing Inspector at the office of the Superintendent of the Park.
LAKE LOUISE
In the upper waters of the Pipestone River, reached by pack
trail from Lake Louise, there are many pools and several lakes
yielding fine sport for the fly fisherman. At times there is
also reasonably good fishing in this stream quite close to
Lake Louise station.
There is good fishing to be had in Consolation Lake, three
miles beyond Moraine Lake, where some English ladies maintain a summer camp. Here there are plenty of Cut-Throat
Trout, which take the fly freely.
Upper Bow Lake is up in the glacial belt, and the largest
fish of their kind are to be found here—Cut-Throat, Dolly
Varden, and Silver Trout. Spinner, minnow, or beef will
tempt the big fellows, though in the Bow River flies can be used
for the Cut-Throat. After the Spring freshets are over is the
only time worth trying. It takes about two days from Lake
Louise over pony trail to reach this lake.
A splendid trip, occupying about a week and combining
excellent fishing with rare scenic attractions, can be made
by following the trail up the Ptarmigan Valley to the foot
of Mount Richardson, a distance of about nine miles from
Chateau Lake Louise. Cross from there over to head of the
Little Pipestone River, about seven miles, where the fishing
really commences. Continue along to camp on the main
Pipestone River—six miles. The Pipestone can then be
followed up fifteen miles to its head waters, which gives
access to a chain of beautiful lakes abounding with large,
gamy Cut-Throat Trout, ranging up to five pounds in weight.
They will take the fly quite readily.
If a more extended outing than the foregoing is desired,
follow up Molar Creek, which runs into the Pipestone River
from the west at junction of Little Pipestone with the main
river, skirt Mount Hector, viewing the Hector Glacier and
return by way of the Bow River to Lake Louise. This extension covers an additional thirty-five miles of incomparably
grand and beautiful scenery with further good fishing possibilities. Hector, or Lower Bow Lake, may also be visited as
an offshoot of this trip.
FIELD, B. C.
pmerald Lake (seven miles from Field over a good road)
should not be overlooked by the angler.    The fishing there
at times affords very good sport.   Accommodation at Emerald
Lake Chalet.    Skiffs available.
REVELSTOKE, B. C.
|The fishing in this district is best in the spring and fall,
especially the latter.    While  there are one or  two fishing
grounds only a short distance from the city,  the best are
[ Page Twenty-four ] about half a day's journey. Pack horses, readily obtained
locally, are the usual and most satisfactory method of reaching the fishing haunts. In the Illecillewaet River, which
runs through the east end of the city and then strikes toward
the northeast, there are Brook, Mountain and Rainbow Trout.
In Cherry Creek, five miles east of the city, over a good trail
or by train, Mountain and Rainbow Trout are found. The
Jordan River, some six miles from the city, is particularly
the home of the Dolly Varden, but there are also Rainbow
and Cut-Throat Trout.
Halfway Creek and Goose Creek are about fourteen miles
from the city, over a very good trail. Both these creeks flow
into the Jordan River. The same kind of fish are found
here. Lake Griffin and Three Valley Lake are a few miles
west of the city, reached by train. There are no boats on
these lakes for hire, but they can generally be borrowed from
the local railway hands. There are rafts, too, usually available.
The fishing includes Cut-Throat, Gray Trout and so-called
Nipigon Trout, which is in reality a Rainbow.
Columbia River—This river runs through the city of
Revelstoke from the north. In the fall Salmon Trout come
up the river and can be taken by using live bait with a small
red fish, which runs up from the Arrow Lakes. This appears
to be the only method used. The trout, however, having
come up the river to spawn, are generally in poor condition.
SICAMOUS, B. C.
At the head of the celebrated Shuswap Lakes and the foot
of Lake Mara is a fine fishing centre, affording wide scope
for the activities of the angler. Make headquarters at the
Canadian Pacific Railway Hotel, adjoining station.
Shuswap Lake has the reputation of containing more
varieties of trout and other fish than any water in British
Columbia. There are Lake, Silver, Gray, Salmon, Rainbow,
Cut-Throat, and Dolly Varden Trout and Steelhead and Landlocked Salmon.
Skiffs and small motor launches can be hired at. reasonable
rates.   Guides are also available.
There are several rivers and creeks running into the Shuswap
Lakes in which the fishing is good. It is best, however, to
fish at the mouth of these streams.
During the hot summer months, July and August, when
fish do not take a fly readily, the best method to follow is
deep trolling. The Steelheads are very gamy and run as
high as twenty pounds. The Gray and Silver Trout run up
to about fifteen pounds.
[SALMON ARM, B. C.
(Another point from which one may fish the Shuswap Lakes.
The fishing is similar to that at Sicamous. The fly fishing
in this vicinity is good only during the month of June. Hotel
accommodation available. Motor launches and skiffs can
be hired from private parties at reasonable rates.
CHASE, B. C.
IA number of good fishing waters can be readily reached
from this point, the chief of which are:
Shuswap Lake, one mile; Adams Lake, seven miles; Ninco-
lith Lake, four miles; as well as several small unnamed lakes
from eight to ten miles away. Emptying into the different
lakes are the Adams and South Thompson Rivers and several
small creeks.
, Practically the same varieties of fish are found in the
various waters mentioned, all of which can be reached by
wagon trail. These varieties are: Kamloops Trout, Silver,
Dolly ^Varden, ^Cut-Throat, and Rainbow Trout.   The Kam
loops Trout run as high as seven or eight pounds and the Silver
and Dolly Varden up to fourteen or fifteen pounds. ]
KAMLOOPS, B. C.
One of the best centres that there are for the fly fisherman.
There are several fine fishing waters within convenient reach
by automobile.
Fish Lake, twenty-two miles to the south, is reached by an
excellent motor road which runs directly to the lake at point
where "Rainbow Lodge" is located. Here comfortable rooms
and good board and use of boat can be obtained at a moderate
rate. It is advisable to write in advance to proprietor of
the Lodge, Mr. Robt. Cowan, Fish Lake, Kamloops, B. C,
for reservation, as there are only a limited number of boats
on the lake.
In Fish Lake there are Rainbow and Cut-Throat Trout.
The fishing is best in June and July and again in September
and October. It is not as good in August except in the late
evening. There is a limit of twenty fish per day for each
person and a size limit of ten inches.
Paul Lake lies about twelve miles northeast of Kamloops
and is reached by automobile. Conditions are very similar
to Fish Lake, but the fish do not take a fly as freely. They
can, however, always be taken on a troll or by spinning.
Rainbow, Cut-Throat, and Lake Trout are found in Paul Lake.
Penanton Lake lies about eighteen miles southwest of
Kamloops and is reached by a good motor road. Boats can
be hired at the lake. The varieties of fish are the same as
in Fish and Paul Lakes.
Thompson River—this river flows through the city, but
the fishing is not good until one gets a little way out, either
to the east or west.
Fish to be had are sea-run Rainbows, Cut-Throat, Dolly
Varden, and the Celebrated Thompson River or Kamloops
Trout.
There are a number of hotels in Kamloops, and usual needs
of the angler in the way of equipment, etc., can be met locally.
Automobiles can be hired on reasonable terms and motor-
boats rented.
There are no regular local guides, but automobile drivers
are nearly all keen fishermen and usually know where the
fish are taking best.
SAVONA, B. C.
(Situated at the junction of Tranquille or Kamloops Lake
and the Thompson River.    The same kinds of fish are to be
found as at Kamloops.    There is particularly good trolling
where the lake flows into the river.
WALLACHIN, B. C.
ISeven miles west of Savona, is perhaps the best point from
which to fish the Thompson River. The town is about three-
quarters of a mile from the river. Hotel accommodation
available.
Fishing is the same as at Savona and other places along
the river.
As the river is very rapid here it will be found necessary
to wade. There are innumerable pools, but the best fishing
is to be had in the very swift water on the north side of the
river.
The Thompson River can be fished from several places
where conditions are favorable and there is accommodation
to be had, the principal of which are:
ASHCROFT, SPENCE'S BRIDGE, AND LYTTON, B. C.
In from Ashcroft, along the old Cariboo trail, there are
several lakes and streams in which the fishing is extremely
good. Automobiles to reach fishing waters can be obtained
at Ashcroft.
f Page Twenty-five ] FISHING
CANADIAN PACIFIC ROCKIES
THE Thompson River is well worth the
attention of the angler and a visit to
any of the places mentioned will afford
good sport amid pleasant surroundings.
While the fish are not very large on the
average, they are great fighters and the swift
water adds considerable zest and interest to
the fishing.
NORTH BEND, B. C.
About five miles from North Bend there
is a lake from which the Cisco River flows,
where fishing in the fall is very good, the fish
coming up from the sea by way of the Fraser
River. Comfortable hotel accommodation
available.
There are Rainbow, Cut-Throat and
Dolly Varden Trout and occasionally a
Steelhead and Cohoe Salmon.
PACIFIC COAST
There is good fishing near Vancouver and
at many points on Vancouver Island.   See
under "Vancouver" and "Victoria" on subsequent pages.
FLIES AND SPOONS
Flies, spoons and baits vary, of course,
according to locality, water conditions and
date. An expert fisherman who has fished
all the waters of the Rocky Mountains has
furnished the following list of flies:
Alexandra, Black Ant, Black Gnat, Black
Midge, Brown Hackle, Butcher, Cowdung,
Dusty Miller, Gray Hackle, Green Sedge,
Hardy's Favorite Montreal, Jock Scott, King
of the Waters, Montreal, March Brown,
Parmacheene Belle, Professor, Red Ant, Red
Palmer, Red Spinner, Royal Coachman,
Salmon, Silver Doctor, Silver Jock Scott,
Silver Wilkinson, Spent Gnat, Teal and
Orange, Teal and Red Grouse, Claret, Wick-
am's Fancy and Zulu.  Sizes 5 to 11.
Spoons—Devon Minnows, both silver and
gilt, Victoria, large and small, Tacoma, single
and double, Stewart, Siwash, Archer Phantom Minnow, Mother of Pearl, Colorado, etc.
1. At Sicamous, B. C. 2. A Morning's Catch off Victoria, B. C.
3. Fishing in Pipestone Lake, near
Lake Louise.
I Page Twenty-six 1 FISHING
CANADIAN PACIFIC ROCKIES
It is not advisable to rely upon obtaining
any of the above locally at the fishing grounds;
rather should the fisherman include them in
the equipment he takes with him. Intending anglers are advised before starting on a
fishing trip to look carefully over their equipment to see that it is complete. Further
detailed information can be obtained from
the General Tourist Agent, Canadian Pacific
Railway, Montreal. No fishing license is
required for fishing in the Dominion Parks,
but the catch is restricted to 15 fish per day
and no fish under six inches may be taken.
Open Seasons—Lake, Speckled or Nipigon
trout, May 1st to August 31st. Fish of all
other varieties, July 1st to October 31st. In
other regions of British Columbia a license
costs the non-resident $1.00 per day or $5.00
per season, and open seasons vary somewhat
according to locality.
SAVE THE FORESTS
Canada's timber reserves are national
assets of incalculable value. To neglect to
take ordinary precautions which ensure them
against destruction from forest fires is to rob
civilization. Quite apart from the danger to
the lives, homes and property of settlers,
every acre of forest burned means labor
turned away, reduced markets for manufactured products, heavier taxation on other
property, and higher lumber prices. Passengers on trains should not throw lighted cigar
or cigarette ends from car windows. Those
who go into the woods—-hunters, fishermen,
campers and canoeists—should consider it
their duty to exercise every care to prevent
loss from fire. Take a personal interest in
forest preservation. If you locate a small
fire endeavor to put it out. If you can't, do
everything possible to get word to the nearest Fire Warden or other authority so that
prompt steps can be taken in this direction.
Small fires should be carefully extinguished.
1. Off for a Week's Camp, Kananaskis. 2. Campbell River, B. C,
Salmon. 3. At Lake Minnewanka,
near Banff.
{Page Twenty-seven ] WHAT TO DO AT VANCOUVER
VANCOUVER
VANCOUVER, the terminal of the Canadian Pacific transcontinental rail lines and its trans-Pacific steamship
routes, is the largest commercial centre in British Columbia. It has an excellent harbor nearly land-locked and fully
sheltered, facing a beautiful range of mountains that are
tipped with snow the year around. Two peaks, silhouetted
against the sky, and remarkably resembling two couchant
lions, are visible from almost any point in the city or harbor,
which has been appropriately called "The Lion's Gate."
In and around Vancouver are immense lumber and shingle
mills. Mining, lumbering, farming, shipbuilding, and shipping, with a vast Oriental business, form the reason of the
city's phenomenal growth and prosperity. From a forest
clearing thirty-five years ago it has become one of the principal
cities and most important seaports of the North Pacific Coast.
The magnificent Hotel Vancouver is the finest hotel of the
North Pacific, with 490 guests' bedrooms. Wonderful views
of the Strait of Georgia can be obtained from the roof garden
of this hotel.
Vancouver is most picturesquely situated on Burrard Inlet.
Surrounding it are beautiful environs of varied character.
All kinds of water sports are available, and are encouraged
through a mild climate and extensive bodies of water. There
are many bathing beaches, parks, boulevards, automobile
roads, and paved streets.
MOTORING
^The roads around the city are famous for their excellence,
and there are many fine drives, varying from an hour to a day
in time. Amongst them may be mentioned Stanley Park—■
one of the largest natural parks in the world, a primeval forest
right within the city limits and containing thousands of
Douglas firs and giant cedars of a most amazing size and age.
The park is encircled by a perfect road. The "Marine Drive"
takes the visitor through the best residential parts of the city,
including Shaughnessy Heights and Point Grey, thence to the
mouth of the Fraser River, with its fleets of salmon trawlers,
and back along the coast. Capilano Canyon, a gorge of great
natural beauty, in North Vancouver, is reached by a recently
completed road. The Pacific Highway, including 'Kingsway,
runs through Vancouver, connecting up with the main American roads of the Northwest.
GOLF AND TENNIS
Vancouver has three good golf courses. Guests of the
Hotel Vancouver have special privileges at the Shaughnessy
Heights Golf Club.
Shaughnessy Heights Golf Club is an 18-hole course within
fifteen minutes' drive from the Hotel Vancouver, recognized
as one of the best links on the Pacific Coast. The Pacific
Northwest championships have been held here.
Jericho Golf and Country Club is a 9-hole seashore course,
with good greens and fairways.   There are four tennis courts,
five bowling greens, and splendid bathing in connection with
the club.
Vancouver Golf and Country Club is an 18-hole course,
some fifteen miles from the hotel by automobile road. This
course is beautifully situated.
Green fees: Shaughnessy, $1.00 per day, $2.00 Saturday,
Sunday, and holidays. Jericho, $1.00 per day, $3.00 per week.
Vancouver, $1.00 per day, $5.00 per week, $10.00 per month.
There are a number of good tennis clubs, all with grass
courts. Members of any recognized tennis club have the
privilege of membership in the Vancouver Tennis Club, which
has eight courts and a beautiful clubhouse.
BATHING AND BOATING
There are numerous fine bathing beaches around Vancouver,
the most easily reached of which are English Bay and Kit-
silano—both on street-car line. The scene at English Bay,
which lies at one entrance to Stanley Park, on a sunny afternoon, is one of great animation. Burrard Inlet, English Bay,
and the North Arm are excellent places also for boating.
Vancouver boasts of one of the finest yacht clubs on the
Pacific Coast, which extends a hearty welcome to members of
recognized yacht clubs. The North Arm is an ideal place for
picnics and moonlight excursions.
STEAMER TRIPS
Sailing of any kind along the Pacific Coast is one of the
chief pleasures of the residents and is therefore easily accessible to visitors. The trip from Vancouver across the Straits
of Georgia to Nanaimo is particularly fine. Call is made at
Comox and other points. An excellent circle tour may be
made by taking a Canadian Pacific "Princess" steamer to
Victoria, the E. & N. train from Victoria to Nanaimo, thence
back 'to Vancouver by steamer.
SHOOTING
Within easy reach of Vancouver there is wonderful shooting
to be had. Grouse, duck, teal, mallard, snipe, pheasants,
and partridges are plentiful in season. Lulu Island, Sea Island,
the North Shore and Seymour Flats are all within an hour of
the hotel. There is no finer hunting on this continent than in
the territory reached from Vancouver. Outfits can be arranged
in the city.
FISHING
It is extremely doubtful whether there is another city on the
Pacific Coast where such a variety of fishing can be obtained.
In season, Salmon, Spring, Cohoe and Tyee, Steelheads, Dolly
Varden, Rainbow, Cut-Throat, and Sea Trout are plentiful.
Arrangements have been made by the Hotel Vancouver with
the Vancouver Fishing Association to obtain daily reports as
to the runs, and the services of an experienced fisherman can
be obtained by Quests of the hotel to conduct them to the
various fishing centres. Fishing tackle, bait, and flies are
easily obtainable in the city.
[ Page Twenty-eight ] WHAT TO DO AT VICTORIA
VICTORIA
VICTORIA, charmingly situated at the southern end of
Vancouver Island, overlooking the Straits of Juan de
Fuca across the blue waters to the snow-capped Olympic
Mountains on the mainland, is the Garden City of Canada.
Its delightfully mild climate makes it a favorite resort for
both summer and [winter. It is the provincial capital /of
British Columbia, and owing to the characteristic beauty of
its residential district has often been called "A bit of England
on the shores of the Pacific." It is distinctively a home city,
with fine roads and beautiful gardens, although its enterprising business district, composed of imposing stores and tall
office buildings, speak of a rich commerce drawn from the
fishing, lumber, and agricultural industries of Vancouver
Island. Victoria's beauty lies in its residential districts, its
boulevards, parks, public buildings, numerous bathing beaches
and semi-tropical foliage. Its Parliament buildings rank
amongst the handsomest in America.
The Empress Hotel, last in the chain of Canadian [Pacific
hotels, overlooks the inner harbor, within a stone's throw jof
the Parliament buildings.
BEACON HILL PARK
^One of the city's public parks, contains-300 acres laid out as
recreation grounds and pleasure gardens, fifteen minutes'
walk from hotel and included in tally-ho trip and in all sightseeing trips in the city. Magnificent views can be obtained
from Beacon Hill across the Straits and of Olympic Mountains.
PARLIAMENT BUILDINGS
Victoria is the seat of the British Columbia Provincial
Government. The Parliament Building is a handsome
structure, overlooking the inner harbor. Adjoining it is the
Provincial Museum, very complete and interesting, and
containing a large assortment of specimens of natural history,
native woods, Indian curios and prehistoric instruments. It
is open to visitors daily. The Provincial Library, in the
Provincial buildings, is one of the finest in existence. Its
historical prints, documents, and other works are of great
value and interest.
GOLF
Golf can be enjoyed every day of the year at Victoria. Two
18-hole courses, which are very convenient, are open to
visitors. They are well kept and of fine location. The
Victoria Golf Club Links are reached in twenty minutes by
street car, and the Colwood Bay Links are reached by E. & N.
train or automobile. Green fees: Victoria Golf Club, $1.50
per day, $2.50 Saturdays, Sundays and holidays. Colwood
Club, $1.00 per day, $12.50 per month. The United Service
Golf Club (9 holes) is situated on Macaulay Plains, two miles
from centre of city by street car. Green fees 50 cents per day,
$3.00 per month.
BRENTWOOD
A charming resort, fifteen miles from city, reached by street
car or automobile. Situated on Saanich Inlet. There is a
modern country hotel, beautifully finished in Old English
style, and excellent facilities for boating, bathing, tennis,
billiards, pool, and other recreations.
ESQUIMAULT
Four miles from Victoria, Esquimault was for many years
Great Britain's only naval station on the Pacific Coast. The
Dock Yard has now been handed over to the Canadian
Government, and is the base on the Pacific Coast for the
Canadian and Imperial navies.
SAANICH MOUNTAIN OBSERVATORY
Reached by splendid auto road or interurban car, and selected as an observatory site, owing to Vancouver Island's
equable climate. The new telescope, which has a 72-inch
reflector, has just been installed and is the largest in the world.
The jobservatory, in addition to being of interest itself,
commands from its site one of thejfinest views on the Pacific
Coast.
STRATHCONA PARK
A new National Park of 785 square miles.    Reached over
the Island Highway or by E. & N. Railway to Courtenay.
The lakes and streams abound with trout and salmon, and the
motoring is excellent.
FISHING AND SHOOTING
The fishing and shooting in the vicinity of Victoria is of the
best—trout, salmon, pheasant, grouse, cougar, bear, deer, and
moose being the prizes of the sportsman. Trout are to be had
at Prospect Lake, reached by interurban or automobile;
Shawnigan Lake, E. & N. train or auto; Cowichan Lake or
River, Koksilah River, Cameron Lake, Sproat Lake, Great
Central Lake, Campbell River, and in the waters of Strathcona
Park. There is salmon fly-fishing, also, on Cowichan River
and Campbell River and salmon trolling off Dallas Road
and Beacon Hill, Oak Bay, and Saanich Inlet. There is
excellent bird shooting and big game hunting on the island.
Sportsmen should communicate with Vancouver Island
Development League, Victoria.
MOTORING
Considering the size of the island, there are possibly more
good motor trips radiating from Victoria than any other place
in America. The motor roads are excellent, the drives north
to Campbell River, Port Alberni, Sproat, and Great Central
Lakes being among the most spectacular in the world. Auto
owners from United States who wish to tour Vancouver Island
can bring their cars into Canada for one month without any
formalities beyond the signing of registration card at point of
entry, and if it is desired that longer stay be made, the usual
bond is easily arranged. Among the most popular trips are:
Victoria, Marine Drive, and Mount Douglas Park, 25 miles;
Little Saanich Mountain Observatory and Brentwood, 33
miles; tour of Saanich Peninsula, 45 miles; the famous Malahat
Drive to Shawnigan and Duncan, Island Highway, 41 miles;
Nanaimo, via Parksville to Cameron Lake, 40 miles, over
Alberni Summit, 57 miles; the Grand Island Highway Tour—
Victoria, Duncan, Nanaimo, Cameron Lake, Port Alberni,
Qualicum and Campbell River, and the entire Georgian Circuit
International Tour, the greatest and most complete scenic
tour on the Continent.
[ Page Twenty-nine ] VANCOUVER AND
VICTORIA
1. English Bay, near Van
couver.
2. Hotel Vancouver.
3. Provincial   Parliament
Buildings, Victoria.
Big Trees, Stanley
Park, Vancouver.
Empress Hotel, Victoria.
Victoria has the largest
Telescope in the
world.
7.     Golfing  at Victoria.
C. P. R. Steamer to
Seattle and Victoria.
I Page Thirty 1 [ Page Thirty-one) M
CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY
OFFICERS OF THE TRAFFIC DEPARTMENT
W. R. MacInnes Vice-President in
C. E. E. Ussher Passenger Traffic Manager Montreal
W. B. Lanigan .Freight Traffic Manager Montreal
Sir G. McLaren Brown, K. B. E., European General Manager.. London, Eng.
C. B. Foster .Assistant Passenger Traffic Manager Montreal
C. E. McPherson. .. .Assistant Passenger Traffic Manager Winnipeg
W. H. Snell General Passenger Agent Montreal
G. A. Walton General Passenger Agent  . .Winnipeg
H. W. Brodie General Passenger Agent Vancouver
W. G. Annable General Passenger Agent Ocean Traffic Montreal
H. G. Dring. European Passenger Manager London, Eng.
PASSENGER
Adelaide Aus.
Antwerp.. Belgium .
Atlanta Ga.
Auckland N. Z.
Banff. Alta.
Belfast... .Ireland.
Birmingham.. Eng.
Brussels. .Belgium.
Buffalo N. Y.
Calcutta India.
Calgary Alta.
Chicago III.
.Australasian United S. Nav. Co., Ltd.
.W. D. Grosset, Agent 25 Quai Jordaens
.E. G. Chesbrough, General Agent Passenger Department,
 220Healey Building
.Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand, Ltd.
. G. D. Brophy, District Passenger Agent
.Wm. McCalla, Agent 41 Victoria Street
. W. T. Treadaway, Agent 4 Victoria Square
Bombay.. . .*. India. .Thos. Cook & Son, Ewart Latham & Co.
Boston Mass . . L. R. Hart, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept., 332 Washington St.
Brandon Man. .R. Dawson, District Passenger Agent. ..... Smith Block
Brisbane Aus. .Macdonald, Hamilton & Co.
Bristol Eng. .A. S. Ray, Agent 18 St. Augustine's Parade
Brockville Ont. .Geo. E. McGlade, City Passenger Agent,
 Corner King Street and Court House Square
.C DeMey, Agent 98 Boulevard Adolphe Max
. Geo. O. Walton, Gen'l Agt. Pass'r Dept., US. Division St.
.Thos. Cook & Son, Gillanders, Arbuthnot & Co.
.J. E. Proctor, District Passenger Agent. . C. P. R. Station
 _ _ ..„ T. J. Wall, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept., 140 South Clark St.
Christiania,NoRWAY,Eivind Bordewick, General Agent Jernbanetorvet 4
Cincinnati. . .Ohio. .M. E. Malone, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept., 430 Walnut St.
Cleveland.... Ohio . . G. B. Burpee, Gen'l Agt. Pass'r Dept., 1040 Prospect Ave.
Colombo...Ceylon. .Bois Bros. & Co., Thos. Cook & Son
Copenhagen, Denmark, Olaf Lassen 2 Berstorffsgade
Detroit Mich. . W. Mcllroy, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept., 1239 Griswold St.
Duluth Minn. .D. Bertie, Traveling Passenger Agent. . .Soo Line Depot
Dundee. .Scotland. .H. H. Borthwick, Agent,C.P.O.S., Ltd., 88 Commercial St.
Dunedin N. Z. .Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand, Ltd.
Edmonton. . .Alta. . C. S. Fyfe, City Ticket Agent, 10012 Jasper Avenue, East
Fort William.. Ont. .A. J. Boreham, City Passenger Agent. .404 Victoria Ave.
Glasgow.Scotland. .M. L. Duffy, Agent 120 St. Vincent Street
Gothenburg, Sweden, G. W. Hallstrom. Postgatan 32
„ ... t.,  a  fR. U. Parker, Asst. District Pass'r Agent\117
Halifax N- S-\J. D. Chipman, City Passenger Agent. . fiL7 Hollis St.
Hamilton Ont. .A. Craig, City Pass'r Agent, Cor. King and James Street
Helsingborg, Sweden, A. Johanson Norra Strandgaten 7
Hong Kong. China. .P. D. Sutherland, General Passenger Agent, C.P.O. S., Ltd.
"  "  .Theo. H. Davies & Co.
.R. F. Richardson, General Agent
. R. G. Norris, Trav. Pass'r Agt., 614-615 Ry. Exchange Bldg.
.F. E. Ryus, Agent
. F. Conway, City Freight and Passenger Agent
.A. M. Parker, Passenger Agent C. P. O. s., Ltd.
. Thos. McNeil, Agent 6 Water Street
rH. G. Dring, European Passenger Manager,
London Eng <  62_65 Charing Cross, S. W.
Lonaon ^NG-\g. Saxon Jones, Agent 91-93 Bishopsgate, E. C.
London Ont. .H. J.McCallum, City Passenger Agent, 161 Dundas Street
Charge of Traffic Montreal
Geo. C. Wells Assistant to Passenger Traffic Manager Montreal
H. E. MacDonnell. .Assistant Freight Traffic Manager .Montreal
Major W. M. Kirkpatrick, M. C, Assistant Freight Traffic Manager, Winnipeg
E. N. Todd. General Foreign Freight Agent Montreal
R. E. Larmour General Freight Agent Montreal
W. C. Bowles General Freight Agent Winnipeg
A. O. Seymour General Tourist Agent Montreal
J. O. Apps General Agent Mail, Baggage and Milk Traffic. Montreal
J. M. Gibbon General Publicity Agent Montreal
AGENCIES
Londonderry
Los Angeles.
Manchester..
Manila	
Melbourne. .
Milwaukee Wis
Minneapolis, Minn
. Ire. . J. A. Grant, Agent, C. P. O. S., Ltd 50 Foyle Street
Cal. .A. A. Polhamus, Gen'l Agt. Pass'r Dept., 605 S. Spring St.
Eng. . J. W. Maine, Freight and Passenger Agent, 1 Mount St.
.J. R. Shaw, Agent Roxas Building
.Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand. Ltd..Thos. Cook & Son
.F. T. Sansom, City Passenger Agent.. .68 Wisconsin St.
A. G. Albertsen, Gen'l Agt. Pass'r Dept., 611—2d Ave. S.
''    ' •--•—-• — •        •   ■       station
James Street
.P. I.
.AUS.
Honolulu H. I.
Juneau. . . .Alaska.
Kansas City. ..Mo.
Ketchikan, Alaska .
Kingston Ont.
Kobe Japan.
Liverpool Eng .
Mnntrp.,< n™ /R. G. Amiot, District Passenger Agent , Windsor
Montreal Que.^f c Lydoilj City Pass.r Agent> 141.145 st< Jame,
Moosejaw. .. .Sask. .A. C. Harris, Ticket Agent
Nagasaki . . .Japan. .Holme, Ringer & Co.
Nelson  .B. C. . J. S. Carter, District Passenger Agent
New York. . . .N. Y. .F. R. Perry, General Agent Passenger Department,
 Madison Avenue and 44th Street
Ottawa Ont. .J. A. McGill, City Passenger Agent. ... 83 Sparks Street
Paris France . . Aug. Catoni, Agent 1 Rue Scribe
Philadelphia. . .Pa. .R. C. Clayton, City Passenger Agent, 629 Chestnut Street
Pittsburgh Pa. .C. L. Williams, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept., 340 Sixth Ave.
Portland Ore. .E. E. Penn, General Agent Passenger Dept., 55 Third St.
Prince Rupert, B.C. .W. C. Orchard, General Agent
Quebec Que. .C. A. Langevin, City Passenger Agent. . . .Palais Station
Regina Sask. .J. A. McDonald, District Passenger Agent, C.P.R. Station
Rotterdam, Holland, J. Springett 42 Coolsingel
St. John N. B. . N. R. DesBrisay, District Passenger Agent, 40 King Street
St. Louis Mo. .E.L.Sheehan, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept., 418 Locust Street
St. Paul Minn. .B. E. Smeed, General Agent Passenger Dept.,
 Soo Line, Robert and Fourth
San Francisco, Cal. .F. L. Nason, General Agent Pass'r Dept., 675 Market St.
Saskatoon... .Sask. . W. E. Lovelock, City Ticket Agent. . 115 Second Avenue
Seattle Wash. .E.F.L.Sturdee, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept., 608 Second Ave.
Shanghai. . . China. .A. H. Tessier, General Agent Pass'r Dept., C.P.O.S., Ltd.
Sherbrooke. . .Que. .A. Metivier, City Passenger Agent..74 Wellington Street
Skagway.. .Alaska. .L. H. Johnston, Agent
Spokane Wash. .E. L. Cardie, Traffic Manager, Spokane International Ry.
Sydney Aus. .Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand, Ltd.
Tacoma Wash. .D. C. O'Keefe, City Passenger Agent, 1113 Pacific Ave.
tw««+« owt /W.B.Howard, District Pass'r AgentJ T^.      a.      . ■'       .
Toronto °NT-\Wm. Fulton, Asst. Dist. Pass'r Agent/1 KinS Street, East
Vancouver B..C. . J. Moe, City Passenger Agent.434 Hastings Street, West
Victoria B. C. .L. D. Chetham, City Pass'r Agent, 1102 Government St.
Washington. .D. C. .C. E. Phelps, City Pass'r Agent, 1419 New York Avenue
Winnipeg. . . .Man. .J. W. Dawson, District Passenger Agent,
,   , T  Corner Portage Avenue and Main Street
Yokohoma.. Japan. . G. E. Costello, General Agent Pass'r Dept., C.P.O.S., Ltd.
HOTELS AND BOARDING HOUSES
For the benefit of travellers, the Canadian Pacific Railway has
compiled a list of hotels and boarding houses, both at business centres
and holiday resorts, at all points along its system. Copies of this list
can be obtained from the above offices.
[ Page Thirty-two ] "7-jCAllAIHM ROGUE
MiS_„ SHOWING     MAIN     LINE   OF
- . WITH   BRANCH   LINES
STEAMSHIP CONNF.CTM1 REGULAR  SERVICES
TRANS ATLANTIC
Montreal and Quebec (Summer)
West St. John, N.B. (Winter)
iverpool
London
Southampton
Glasgow
Antwerp
Havre
TRANS-PACIFIC
Vancouver via Victoria
TO
okohama   -    Kobe    -    Nagasaki   -   Shanghai
Manila   -    Hongkong
f. T. MARLOW, C. E. BENJAMIN, W. G. ANN ABLE,
en. Freight Agent Passenger Traffic Manager        Gen. Passenger Agent
MONTREAL
The Department of
CONIZATION AND DEVELOPMENT
CANADIAN  PACIFIC RAILWAY
las been organized to assist in settling vacant agricultural
ands and developing the latent raw resources of Canada.
43^ Million Acres of choice farm lands for sale in
Western Canada.   Low prices and long terms.
Irrigated Lands in Southern Alberta on 20 year terms.
Jnder certain conditions loans for improvements to settlers
)n irrigated lands up to $2,000.
List of Selected Farms in Eastern Canada on hand
it all Departmental Offices.
Information on Industrial Opportunities and Business
Openings in growing towns furnished upon request.
Investigations in the utilization of undeveloped natural
resources are carried on by Research Section. Inquiries
is to promising fields invited.
* Bureaus of Canadian Information with well-equipped
libraries are established at Montreal ; 165 E. Ontario St.,
Chicago; 1270 Broadway, New York; and at London, Eng.
Inquiries will be promptly dealt with.
Representatives also  at  176  E. 3rd St., St.  Paul ; 705
vague Ave.,Spokane; 384 Stark Street, Portland, Ore.; 645
\rket Street, San Francisco; Industrial Agent, Winnipeg, and
t. U.S. Agencies, Calgary.
Dennis* Chief Commissioner of Colonization and Development
CANADIAN   PACIFIC RAILWAY
MONTREAL. Que.
ge Thirty-two ] 1
;JIm#; l-fP
#i»il5«gi JiHf

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