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Resorts in the Canadian Pacific Rockies Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1922

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Canadian Pacific Hotels set the standard for hotel accommodation in Canada.    Each hotel is distinctive in appointment and
style^ each has the same superb Canadian Pacific service,
Palliser Hotel,
Calgary, Alberta
A handsome hotel of metropolitan standard, in
this prosperous city of Southern Alberta. Suited
equally to the business man and the tourist en route
to or from the Canadian Pacific Rockies. Good
golfing and motoring.    Open all year.    298 rooms.     European plan.     At station.
Banff Springs Hotel,
Banff, Alberta
.     -      °F
1 }/2 miles from station.
A magnificent hotel in the heart of Rocky Mountains
National Park, backed by three splendid mountain
ranges. Alpine climbing, motoring and drives on
good roads, bathing, hot sulphur springs, golf, tennis,
fishing,  boating and riding.    Open  May   15th  to September 30th.    280 rooms!
European plan.     1 XA miles from station.    Altitude 4625 feet.
Chateau Lake Louise, A wonderful hotel facing an exquisite Alpine Lake
T Vo T rt11;0o Alhprtn m Rocky Mountains National Park. Alpine climb-
LaKe LOUlSe, AlDeria ing wit^ Swiss Guides, pony trips or walks to Lakes
in the Clouds, Saddleback, etc., drives or motoring
to Moraine Lake, boating, fishing. Open June I st to September 30th. 265 rooms.
European plan.    3^ miles from station by motor railway.     Altitude 5670 feet.
Emerald Lake Chalet,     A  charming   Chalet  hotel   situated  at  the  foot  of
■U   ,1    up Mount    Burgess,    amidst    the   picturesque   Alpine
near Jbield, B.U scenery   of   the   Yoho   National   Park.     Roads   and
trails to the Burgess Pass, Yoho Valley, etc. Boating
and fishing. Open June 15th to September 1 5th. Accommodation for 70 people.
American plan.     7 miles from station.     Altitude 4066 feet.
Lake Wapta Camp,
Hector, B.C.
A rustic bungalow camp in Yoho National Park,
near the Great Divide; riding and climbing centre!
Excursions to Lake O'Hara, Yoho Valley. Open
June 15 th to September 15th. Accommodation 50.
American plan. (Operated by Colonel P. A. Moore.) Altitude 5190 feet. Also
camps (accommodation  10 each) at Lake O'Hara and Yoho Valley.
Lake Windermere Camp,A bungalow summer camp in the beautiful Columbia
T fllrp WinH^rmprP "R C Valley- A fine centre for riding, camping, motoring,
LaKe Windermere, .D.<-bathing, boating and fishing, with excursion to the
Lake of the Hanging Glaciers. Open June 15th to
September 15th. Accommodation for 50. American plan. One mile from station.
(Operated by Invermere Hotel Co.)
In the heart of the Selkirks. Splendid Alpine
climbing and glacier-exploring, driving, riding and
hiking. Open June 15th to September 15th. 86
rooms. American plan. 13^ miles from station.
Altitude 4086 feet.
Junction for the orchard districts of the Okanagan
Valley, and stop-over point for those who wish
to see the Thompson and Fraser canyons by daylight.     Lake  Shuswap district offers good boating,
and excellent trout fishing and hunting in season.      Open all year.    61   rooms,
American plan.    At station.    Altitude  1146 feet.
A commercial and tourist hotel in the southern
Okanagan Valley. Good motoring, bathing, boating
and fishing. Open all year. 62 rooms, American plan.
Near steamer wharf. (Owned and operated by
Altitude 1132 feet.
Glacier House,
Glacier, B.C.
Hotel Sicamous,
Sicamous, B.C.
Hotel Incola,
Penticton, B.C.
Okanagan Hotel Co.)
Hotel Vancouver,
Vancouver, B.C.
The largest hotel on the North Pacific Coast, overlooking the Strait of Georgia, and serving equally
the business man and the tourist. Situated in the
heart of the shopping district of Vancouver.    Golf,
motoring,  fishing,  hunting,  bathing,  steamer excursions.      Open all year.    488
rooms, European plan.     % mile from station.
A luxurious hotel in this Garden City of the Pacific
Coast. An equable climate has made Victoria a
favorite summer and winter resort. Motoring,
yachting, sea and stream fishing, shooting and all-
278  rooms,   European  plan.     Facing wharf.
Empress Hotel,
Victoria, B.C.
year golf.    Open all year.
Cameron Lake Chalet,    A holiday hotel in the big-tree forests of Vancouver
r««,ni-A« T 01rfl   T* n Island.    Salmon and trout fishing, shooting, boating,
Cameron LaKe, ±S.U. magnincent scenery.    Open May  1st to September
30th.    American plan.    At station.
Royal Alexandra,
Winnipeg, Manitoba
Place Viger,
Montreal, Que.
Chateau Frontenac,
Quebec, Que.
McAdam Hotel,
McAdam, N.B.
The Algonquin,
St. Andrews, N.B.
A popular hotel in the largest city of Western Canada.
Open all year.    389 rooms.
A charming hotel in Canada's largest city,   and a
popular centre of social life.    Open all year.    114
A  metropolitan hotel  in  the  most historic , city of
North America.    Open all year*^ 324 rooms*
A commercial hotel, and entry to a wonderful sporting
region.    Open all year.     15 rooms.
The   social   centre   of   Canada's   most   fashionable
seashore summer resort.    Open June 20th to September 30th.    219 rooms.
[ Page One ]
Mount Assiniboine RESORTS IN
It takes an express train five hours to travel from Lucerne
to Como, or from Lausanne to Arona. When, therefore,
Edward Whymper, the hero of the Matterhorn, described
the Canadian Pacific Rockies as fifty Switzerlands thrown
into one, this certainly was no exaggeration. The Canadian
Pacific Rockies stretch from the Gap practically to Vancouver
—nearly six hundred miles of Alpine scenery. Snowy peaks,
glaciers, rugged precipices, waterfalls, foaming torrents, canyons, lakes like vast sapphires and amethysts set in the pine-
clad mountains—these have been flung together in unparalleled profusion on a scale which Europe has never known.
From the roof garden of the Hotel Palliser, in Calgary, you
can see the foothills of the Rockies—dull blue, with shining
peaks against the horizon. As the train glides westward up
the long transverse valleys—old grooves down which the
spent glaciers came from the higher mountains—the prospect
grows more awe-inspiring with every mile, until the train
leaves the foothills for the real Rockies.
The coloring is intense in the foregrounds—filled with soft
suggestion, with unguessed witchery of semi-tonal shade, as
the prospect dips and fades away from you. The skies are
raw blue, the snow on the summits is whiter than seafoam,
whiter than summer cloud, white with a glistening untouched
whiteness that cannot be named.
The still valleys are full of jade pine trees that fade into
amethyst and pearl distances. The spray of a 300-foot
cataract is like spun glass. The huge bulk of a tireless and
age-old glacier is milky green. The rocks are of every shade
and subtle blending that the palette of the First Artist could
produce. And the perspective effects are like nothing that
can be caught with the camera, or splashed on canvas.
The Canadian Pacific route through these mighty mountain
ranges is in itself a visualization of human triumph over
nature. From Calgary, to which it has been steadily climbing
since it left Lake Superior, it climbs another three-eighths of
a mile to the Great Divide. Thence, following the narrow
Kicking Horse Pass, it dips down to meet the already majestic
Columbia River on its way north in a big horseshoe bend;
then it re-ascends another quarter of a mile to the summit
of the Selkirk Range before beginning its three-quarter mile
drop to the Pacific. The Spiral Tunnels through the Kicking
Horse Pass, the Connaught Tunnel through the Selkirks, are
engineering feats of a magnitude matching the apparently
insuperable obstacles opposed to the passage of the railway.
So much for what the traveller sees en route. This great
mountain region offers a remarkable welcome to those who
leave the railway and tarry for a while. Fishing, hunting,
climbing, riding, driving, exploring, Alpine flower gathering,
wonder-photo taking, golfing at Banff on the most scenic
course in the world—these are some of the "frill" doings in
the Rockies. The biggest and most solid pleasure is just
living—living where the air has never been contaminated
with soot, where you can go from summer to snow at any
time you want, where you need no alarm clock to get you
up, no cordial to put you to sleep, no dinner bell to tell you
when it's time to eat.
Banff, with its glorious panorama of Bow and Spray Rivers,
is the headquarters of Rocky Mountains Park. Lake Louise,
an enchanting lake with a no less enchanting hotel, is the
gateway to a region of magnificent scenery, as Field is that
to winsome Emerald Lake and Field, or Lake Wapta Camp
to the Yoho Valley. Glacier, in the Selkirks, is the finest
mountain-climbing centre of this continent. Sicamous is a
charming spot from which to visit the canyons of the Thompson
and Fraser rivers, or the Okanagan Valley.
Banff, Lake Louise, Emerald Lake, Glacier, Sicamous—
these have Canadian Pacific hotels* whose windows open on
fairyland, where music or other entertainment helps to pass
the evening after a glorious day. At other points are camps
to suit less conventional tastes. These include Lake Wapta
Camp, just west of the Great Divide, smaller camps in the
j Yoho Valley and at Lake O'Hara (both reached from Wapta),
j and rest houses at Moraine Lake and Lake Agnes, near
Lake Louise.
The Crow's Nest Pass line of the Canadian Pacific is a
j postscript, crossing the Rockies farther south than the main
line. But many people think that it lives up to postscript
I traditions by carrying some of the most important information.
The visitor who would fully and faithfully see Canadian Pacific Rocky-land should go by way of Banff and Lake Louise
and then dip southward via Golden and the Columbia Valley.
Here, on the shore of Lake Windermere, one of the loveliest
warm water lakes in British Columbia, another bungalow camp
is situated, Lake Windermere Camp, with every facility for
bathing, boating, riding, and motoring in a country of exceptional beauty.
Here the visitor may be tempted to linger a long time; or
he may also go by the main line as far as Revelstoke and then
j branch southward through the Arrow Lakes to Nelson and
the Kootenays. Or he can go to Sicamous and southward
through the Okanagan Valley to Penticton. The Crow's Nest
Pass line, with its continuation the Kettle Valley Railway,
which meets the Canadian Pacific at the end of the Fraser
Canyon, links together the southern end of these lakes and
forms an alternative route from the prairies to Vancouver.
Canada has a magnificent system of twelve National Parks,
of which nine are in Western Canada. Of the latter, four of
the most important are traversed by or lie adjacent to the
Canadian Pacific Railway, while two others can be reached
conveniently from it.
Rocky Mountains Park, the easternmost and largest of
these six, is bounded on the west by the interprovincial
boundary between Alberta and British Columbia, and on the
j east by, approximately, the first big ranges of the Rockies.
It has an area of 2751 square miles, its greatest length being
about one hundred miles. No part of the Rockies exhibits a
greater variety of sublime and romantic scenery, and nowhere
are good points of view and features of special interest so
accessible, where there are so many good roads and bridle
Its principal mountain ranges are the Vermilion, Kananaskis, Bourgeau, Bow, and Sawback ranges; its principal river
is the Bow, which has for chief tributaries the Kananaskis,
Spray, Cascade and Pipestone rivers. The Panther and Red
Deer rivers flow through the northeastern portion of the
Park, which includes part of the Bow River Forest Reserves.
Of the many beautiful lakes within the Park, the principal
are Louise, Minnewanka, Hector, Spray, Kananaskis and
Bow lakes. Banff and Lake Louise are the chief centres, the
I former the administrative headquarters. The Canadian
Pacific runs roughly through the middle of the Park, entering
at the Gap and following the Bow River.
Yoho Park  (area 476 square  miles) immediately  adjoins
Rocky Mountains Park on the west, and lies, broadly speaking,
on the descending slopes of the Rockies, with the President
and Van Home ranges as its western boundary.   It is a region
s inside page of front cover.    All have the same superb Canadian Pacific service.
*%   JsftS
of charm and winsome beauty, of giant mountains and deep
forests, of rushing rivers and sapphire-like lakes. Its principal
river is the Kicking Horse, with the Ottertail and Yoho as
main tributaries; its chief lakes are Emerald, Wapta, McArthur,
O'Hara and Sherbrooke. The Yoho Valley, Emerald Lake,
Burgess Pass and other points are amongst the chief scenic
features. The Canadian Pacific runs through the centre of
Yoho Park, following the Kicking Horse River.
From Yoho, while we are descending the Rockies and
ascending into the Selkirk Range, there is an interval of about
fifty miles before we enter Glacier Park. This Park (area 468
square miles) includes part of the Hermit Range of the Selkirks, and embraces some of the finest mountaineering country
in North America. With its massive peaks and giant glaciers
it has an air of grandeur and of mystery. Its chief rivers are
the Beaver and the Illecillewaet; its centre is Glacier House, a
short distance from ftlecillewaet Glacier. The Canadian
Pacific, coming from the north, runs through part of the
western half of this park, tunnelling under Mount Macdonald
and then following the Illecillewaet River.
Mount Revelstoke Park (area 95 square miles) on the
western slopes of the Selkirks, lies about fifteen miles west of
Glacier Park, its southern border paralleling the Illecillewaet
River.   It is very easily reached from the city of Revelstoke.
Kootenay Park (area 587 square miles) tucks in between
the southern portions of Rocky Mountains and Yoho Parks,
and comprises the Vermilion, Mitchell and Briscoe Ranges.
The Kootenay River flows through its southern part, with a
large tributary in the Vermilion. At the southwest end it
almost touches the eastern bank of the Columbia River a
little above Lake Windermere. The nearest railway connection is at Lake Windermere, but the Banff-Windermere motor-
road that is being constructed from Banff through Vermilion
Pass will traverse the centre of this Park.
Waterton Lakes Park (129 square miles) lies about thirty
miles south of the Crow's Nest Pass line of the Canadian
Pacific, adjoining the international boundary. Here the
mountains, set close around the lakes, are warm and very
friendly, and, lifting to not too difficult heights, seem always
to be in an inviting mood.
Adjoining Rocky Mountains Park is a new British Columbia
Provincial Park, Mount Assiniboine Park, covering an area
of twenty square miles and dominated by Mount Assiniboine,
11,870 feet high.
Is the temperature in the Canadian Pacific Rockies pleasant
in summer? That question is answered by the following
statistics, covering a period of eight years, of maximum and
minimum temperatures at Canadian Pacific Rocky Mountain
June July August        September
Max.    Min.    Max.    Min.    Max.    Min.    Max.    Min.
Banff Springs Hotel..  65 39 73
Chateau Lake Louise   57 37 62
Emerald Lake Chalet   59*       47*       69
Glacier House   63        40        67
*7 days only. x 15 days only.
[ Pace Three} WHAT TO  DO AT BANFF
SITUATED in the heart of the Rocky Mountains Park of
Canada, a great national playground covering an area of
over  2,750  square  miles  and  plentifully  supplied  with
trails in every direction.
At Banff the Canadian Pacific has erected a first-class mountain hotel—the Banff Springs Hotel—with dining room capable of seating 600 people at one time. (Open May 15th to
September 30th.)
Excellent swimming in warm sulphur water is afforded at
the Hot Sulphur Springs, the Cave and Basin Bath House,
and at the Banff Springs Hotel. The first named, situated on
the wooded slopes of Sulphur Mountain, at an altitude of
5,500 feet, is accessible by an excellent road from the Bow
River bridge Q-Y\ miles) or by trail from the Banff Springs
Hotel. The Cave and Basin is one mile from the bridge, and
here the Government has erected a handsome $150,000 swimming bath. The Banff Springs Hotel has its own beautiful
sulphur pool, with fresh water pool adjoining and with expert
masseurs in attendance at the Turkish baths attached. The
temperature of this sulphur water averages 90 degrees Fahrenheit (at the Hot Springs 100 degrees).
An eighteen-hole golf course, situated on the banks of the
Bow River at the base of Mount Rundle, is open to all
visitors to Banff for a small fee. A professional player is in attendance. A tennis court is free to guests at the Banff Springs
Boating facilities—rowing, canoeing, and motor-boating—
are available one hundred yards from the bridge. A paddle up
the Bow brings one to mirror-like Lake Vermilion—one of the
many beautiful lakes in the Park. A ten-mile motor-boat trip
into the heart of the mountains is also offered. Another trip
is up the Echo River, with two miles of excellent paddling
and rowing through clear water and sylvan shade. An exciting and interesting trip can be taken by running the rapids
of the Bow from Castle, sending the canoe to Castle by train.
Lake Minnewanka, eight miles from Banff, affords splendid
boating amidst unexcelled scenery, steam launches being also
On the shore of the Bow River, 500 yards west of the
bridge, are the Government Recreation Grounds and Building, with special picnic, baseball, tennis, football, and cricket
There are a large number of beautiful walks, trails, and
roads leading from Banff, offering excellent tramping outings.
Bow Falls, at the junction of the Spray and Bow rivers, and
three minutes' walk from the Banff Springs Hotel, is one of
the most beautiful spots in Banff. A lovely pine-canopied
avenue also runs from the Bow Bridge to the foot of the falls
below the hotel, passing en route the fish hatchery of the
Department of Fisheries.   On the east side of the Bow Falls is
the road which switchbacks up Tunnel Mountain, the highest
point being reached by a series of short switches called the
Corkscrew. It affords splendid views of the Bow Valley and
the surrounding mountains.
Sulphur Mountain, a long wooded ridge rising to an elevation of 7,455 feet, at the summit of which is an observatory,
and on the slopes of which is the clubhouse of the Alpine Club
of Canada; Cascade Mountain, a massive giant facing the
station; Mount Rundle, the sharp, pointed edge of which
forms one of the most striking features of the landscape;
Mount Norquay, Stony Squaw, are all within easy walking
distance, and afford climbs not exceeding one day.
The Animal Paddock, 1 >2 miles from the town towards
Lake Minnewanka, and containing buffalo, elk, moose, mountain goat, and mountain sheep, the Zoo and Museum, and
Sundance  Canyon  should  not be omitted.
Some of the walking trips mentioned may be taken by
carriage or automobile. In addition, there are others that are
too far for the ordinary walker. The Hoodoos (curious giantlike forms of glacial clay and gravel formed by the weathering
of the rocks), Lake Minnewanka, a lake of somewhat stern
beauty with a plentiful supply of fish, Bankhead and its
anthracite mines, Johnston Canyon, with a fine waterfall,
westward sixteen miles from Banff, and situated in the midst
of a panorama of snowy peaks, and from Banff to Lake Louise,
the "loop drive"—are some of these splendid driving trips.
A new automobile trip which has become very popular runs
over the Vermilion Pass to Marble Canyon on the Banff-
Windermere highway.
There are ever 350 miles of trail in Rocky Mountains Park,
and many worth-while trips, from a day's to a fortnight's
duration, can be made from Banff or Lake Louise. In addition
to those which come under the head of walking or driving,
the visitor may find his way, by pony, to Mystic Lake, in the
heart of the Sawback Range, to Ghost River and through the
Indian Reservation to the town of Morley, the Kananaskis
Lakes, forty-five miles south, Panther River, etc.
A particularly fine pony trip from Banff and one on which
several days can profitably be spent, is that to Mount Assiniboine—the "Matterhorn of the Rockies." This can be reached
via White Man Pass and the Spray Lakes, and the return
made by traversing the beautiful summit country in the
vicinity of the mountain through the heather and flowers of
Simpson Pass and along the pools and waterfalls of Healy
Creek. Some of the best trout fishing in Canada may be had
at the Spray Lakes.
There are a number of Stoney Indians in the Morley reservation near Banff. An annual "pow-pow" of sports, races, etc.,
is held during the month of July.
Banff is rapidly becoming an important centre for winter
sports, the Annual Carnival attracting ski-jumpers of international reputation.
At the T. S. Ranch, near High River, Alberta, southwest of
Calgary, in the foothills of the Canadian Pacific Rockies, the
visitor can experience the novelty of ranch life interspersed
with romantic excursions into the near-by mountains, good
trout fishing, and excellent big game hunting in season, including grizzly bear, mountain goat, and mountain sheep. Frequent
exhibitions of riding, broncho busting, roping, and other cowboy stunts add materially to the entertainment offered guests.
Accommodation is provided in log cabins, tents, and Indian
teepees with a central cabin for dining and recreation purposes.
The T. S. Ranch adjoins the famous Bar U Ranch, the property of Mr. George Lane, one of the cattle kings of the Northwest, and is only a short distance from the ranch owned by
H. R. H. the Prince of Wales. Further information can be
had from Mr. Guy Weadick, Manager, T. S. Ranch, Stampede,
Alta., Longview, P. O., Canada.
Carriage, team and driver—2 or 3 persons, 4 hours, $8.50; 9 hours,
$11.25; 4 or 5 persons, 4 hours, $11.00; 9 hours, $18.75.
Tally-ho coach—6 hours, 8 or more persons—from village, $2.50 each;
from Banff Springs Hotel, $3.00 each.
Automobile—from   village,   $2.25   each;   from   Banff  Springs   Hotel,
$2.75 each.
Carriage, team and driver—4 hours. 2 or 3 persons. $8.50; 4 or 5
persons, $11.00.
Tally-ho coach—4 hours, 8 or more persons, $2.50 each.
Automobile    (when    open    to    motors) — $2.25    each;    minimum    4
persons, $9.00.
Carriage,  team and driver—4 hours, 2 or 3 persons,  $8.50; 4 or 5
persons, $1 1.00.
Automobile—Loop drive only, per person, $1.25.
Carriage,  team and driver—4 hours, 2 or 3  persons, $8.50; 4 or 5
persons, $ I 1.00.
Automobile—from village, $2.50 per person; from Banff Springs Hotel,
$3.00 each.
Livery—each way per person, 30c.   Return trip, carriage, team and
driver—1 hour, 3 or more persons, each $1.00.
Automobile—each way per person, 30c; minimum, $1.10.
Livery—one way only. Banff to Hot Springs, $1.25 each. Hot
Springs to Banff, 75c. Return trip, carriage, team and driver—2 hours,
3 or more persons, $1.50 each.
Automobile—one way, per person, $1.10; minimum, $3.25.    Return
trip, with  15 minutes' wait, per person, $1.75; minimum, $3.25.   Special
trip to Hot Springs for party, same as one way.
Saddle horse only, $3.75.
18 miles by new trail; 3 days, which includes one day in camp. Rates
include guide, cook, pack horses, saddle horses, cooking utensils, tents and
provisions.   One person, $25.00 per day; 2 persons, $20.00 each per da> ;
3 or more persons, $17.50 each per day.
Village to Bankhead and return, $1.25 each.
From Railway Depot to any part of village north of river, 30c; south
of river, 60c.   Minimum, $1.10 in each case.
Banff Springs Hotel or village to golf links (two special trips per day)—
each way, per person, 30c.
Banff to Canmore—5-passenger car, $9.00; round trip, $12.00;
7-passenger car, $12.00; round trip, $15.00.
Banff to Johnston Creek—same as to Canmore.
Banff to Castle and return—5-passenger car $6.00 per hour; 7-passenger car. $7.50 per hour
Johnston Canyon and return—Motor tally-ho, per person, $3.50.
Any drive without specified destination—5-passenger car, $6.00 per
hour; 7-passenger car, $7.50 per hour.
Waiting time all automobile trips—5-passenger car, $2.25 per hour;
7-passenger car, $2.75.   Five-passenger cars will not start with fewer than
3 persons unless otherwise mentioned, nor 7-passenger cars with fewer than
4 persons.
Saddle pony rate—for first hour, $1.25; each subsequent hour, 75c;
$3.75 per day.   Guides, 75c per hour; all day, $5.50.
Single rigs, without driver—first hour, $1.75; second hour, $1.25; each
additional hour, 75c.
Single rigs, with driver—first hour or part thereof, $2.50; second hour,
$1.75; each additional hour, $1.25.
Two-seated carriage and driver—first hour, $2.75; each additional
hour, $1.75; per day, 9 hours, $1 1.25.
Three-seated carriage and driver—first hour, $4.75; second hour, $3.00;
each additional hour, $1.50; al! day, 9 hours, $18.75.
One day consists of 9 hours and not more than 20 miles, unless otherwise provided.
Bus between station and C. P. R. Hotel, each way, 50c. Special trip
to station, 2 persons, $1.50; 3 persons, $2.50.
Ordinary hand baggage (not exceeding 2 pieces per person) free.
Trunks and heavy baggage, each way, 25c per piece.
The above rates {subject to altera!ion) are established by
the Dominion Parks Branch of the Department of the Interior.
Attempted overcharges should be reported to the Superintendent of Rocky Mountains Park, Banff. MMM%
:MmMWMMmm:0mMj Mmmf:::mii im
iiiiil mm.
1. The Three Sisters,Can-
more, en route to
2. Buffalo in the Buffalo
3. Banff   Springs   Hotel;
in the background,
the Fairholme Range
4. The  Bow  Falls,  close
to the hotel.
5. The   Hot   Sulphur
Swimming Pool,
Banff Springs Hotel.
6. At   the   T.  S.  Ranch,
near High River, in
the foothill country.
The Bow River; Mount
Rundle behind.
Banff has the highest
and most picturesque
golf club in Canada.
■ Six l [ Page Seven j WHAT TO DO AT LAKE LOUISE
THE Pearl of the Canadian Rockies (altitude 5,670 feet).
"Probably the most perfect bit of scenery in the known
world. A lake of the deepest and most exquisite coloring,
ever changing, defying analysis, mirroring in its wonderful
depths the sombre forests and cliffs that rise from its shores
on either side, the gleaming white glacier and tremendous
snow-crowned peaks that fill the background of the picture,
and the blue sky and fleecy clouds overhead."
On the shores of the lake the Canadian Pacific operates a
magnificent Chateau hotel—open from June 1st to September
30th.   The hotel has 265 bedrooms.
Some there are who are satisfied to sit on the verandah of
the hotel watching the marvellous kaleidoscope of color, while
others are eager to be out on the trail, either on foot or on
the back of a sure-footed pony. These trails are being constantly improved and extended, so that there is a wide selection from which to choose. The hotel itself occupies a very
large area and has recently been greatly extended. No more
beautiful spot and no more comfortable hotel could be chosen
by anyone wishing to make either a short or long stay in the
Canadian Pacific Rockies.
Along the westerly shores of Lake Louise to the boat landing (distance, 1 % miles), a delightful walk along a level trail
with splendid views of Castle Crags, Mount Lefroy and Mount
The trail leaves the west end of the Chateau and rises
gradually to Mirror Lake (altitude, 6,650 feet), thence upward
to Lake Agnes (altitude, 6,875 feet). There are beautiful
views on the way up, and the trail is excellent. (Round-trip
distance is five miles; time, two and one-half hours.) A charming rest and tea house has been established on the shore of
Lake Agnes. The trail is now continued around Lake Agnes
and up a zigzag path to the Observation House on the Big
After reaching Lake Agnes by the trail described above,
follow the path behind the Shelter Cabin for a quarter of a
mile. Here the trail forks, and the left branch may be followed
to the summit of Mount St. Piran (altitude, 8,681 feet), or
the right branch to the summit of the Little Beehive. From
either summit splendid views of the Bow Valley are obtained.
Round trip, ten miles; time by pony, about three and one-
half hours.
This leaves the trail to the Lakes in the Clouds at Mirror
Lake, and continues along the side of the mountain to Lookout Point, situated about one thousand feet above Lake
Louise. The trail then descends gently to the level of the
Lower Glacier trail, and the visitor may continue on towards
the wall of Victoria or return to the Chateau.   Distance from
the wall of Victoria to the Chateau, four miles.
Crossing the bridge over Lake Louise Creek, the trail rises
rapidly on the slopes of Mount Fairview to the Saddleback.
From this point Mount Saddleback and Mount Fairview
(altitude, 9,001 feet) are easy of access. Round-trip distance to
the cabin is six miles (time, five hours). The view of Paradise
Valley and Mount Temple, from the Saddleback, is one of
the finest in the Rockies. The return trip may be varied by
going by a steep zigzag trail via Sheol Valley to the Paradise
Valley trail and thence to Lake Louise.
The path along the shore of Lake Louise may be taken to
the Victoria and Lefroy glaciers, distant four miles. Parties
should not venture out on the ice unless properly equipped,
and, indeed, the services of a guide are recommended to point
out the peculiar ice formations. The hanging glaciers of
Mounts Lefroy and Victoria are impressive in their grandeur.
The glacier is 200 to 250 feet thick. The summit of Mount
Victoria is five miles in an air line from the Chateau.
Automobiles run daily to Moraine Lake (distant nine miles),
situated in the deeply impressive Valley of the Ten Peaks.
From the road one sees an interesting rock formation known
as the Tower of Babel. A rest and camp for anglers, with
accommodation for twenty people, is situated on the shore of
Moraine Lake.
Ponies may be taken up Paradise Valley, via either the
Saddleback and Sheol Valley, or via the low trail. The journey
is continued up the valley to a short branch trail leading to
the Giant's Steps, a step-like rock formation over which the
water glides in silver sheets. The journey may then be continued across the valley to Lake Annette (altitude, 6,500 feet),
a tiny emerald sheet of water on the side of Mount Temple,
and thence back to Lake Louise—distance, thirteen miles; and
the journey, eight hours.
Via either the high or low route, Paradise Valley, thence to
the Giant's Steps and across the valley to Sentinel Pass
(altitude, 8,556 feet). The descent is then made through
Larch Valley, past the Minnestimma Lakes, to the Valley of
the Ten Peaks.   Return to the Chateau by the carriage road.
Leave the Chateau in the morning by automobile or carriage
for Moraine Lake. From here the journey may be continued
to Consolation Lake, distant about three miles. The waters
of the lake contain a plentiful supply of cut-throat trout, a
vigorous fish which takes the fly in July and August.    The
[ Page Eight ] waters of these regions are re-stocked from the hatchery at
was considered so beautiful by the great artist, John S. Sargent,
that he spent ten days there painting, one recent summer.
The lake is very accessible from Lake Wapta Camp (see page
14), or it can be reached by sending ponies ahead from Lake
Louise to Hector and taking train to that station. But so
beautiful is this Alpine region that two days are little enough.
A camp, with accommodation for ten people, will be established at Lake O'Hara this year.
An excellent trail north of the Bow River from Lake Louise,
along the valley of the Pipestone River, leads to an Alpine
Lake discovered four years ago to be full of trout eager for
the fly. The camping ground is nineteen miles from Lake
Louise station, so that guides, ponies, and outfit are recommended for those who wish to fish. The season opens on July
1st. The lake is in an Alpine meadow amid high glacial surroundings of spectacular grandeur and beauty. On the return
journey a magnificent view is afforded of the group of peaks
which form a chalice for Lake Louise itself.
are attached to the Chateau Lake Louise for those who wish
to visit the glaciers, climb mountains, or make some of the
more strenuous trips through the passes. As they are greatly
in demand, it is advisable to make arrangements well in
advance.   Rates, $7.00 per day.
To Moraine Lake—half day, $3.00.
Between Lake Louise Station and Lake Louise, 75c each way.
Pony to Lakes Mirror and Agnes and return—3 hours, $1.75.
To Lakes Mirror and Agnes and Glacier via Grandview Trail—round
trip, $2.50.
To Lakes Mirror and Agnes, thence to Glacier and return to hotel,
$2.50; additional time of ponies at rate of 75c per hour.
To Lakes Mirror and Agnes and top of Mount St. Piran—$3.75.
To Victoria Glacier—4 hours, $2.50.
To Saddleback—5 hours, $3.00.
To Saddleback, Sheol Valley and Lower Paradise Valley, returning by
trai  or carriage road—1 day, $3.75.
The same trip as the last, including Giant Step Falls, Horseshoe
Glacier and Lake Annette, returning by trail or carriage road—2 days,
The same trip as the last, but including Sentinel Pass, Larch Valley,
Moraine Lake, returning by trail or carriage road—3 days, $1 1.25.
To Moraine Lake—1 day, $3.75.
To Moraine Lake, Valley of the Ten Peaks, Wenkchemna Pass and
Lake—2 days, $7.50.
To Lake O'Hara and return from Hector—I day, $3.75.
To Great Divide—1 day, $3.75.
To Ptarmigan Lake—1 day $3.75.
Two-seated carriage, team and driver—per hour, $2.75; each additional
hour, $1.75; all day, 9 hours, $11.25.
Three-seated carriage, team and driver—per hour, $4.75; second hour,
$3.00; each additional hour, $1.50; per day, 9 hours, $18.75.
Guide with horse, $5.50 per day.   Pack horse per day, $3.00.
Motor car line between station and C. P. R. Hotel—each way, 50c.
Trunks and heavy baggage—each way, 25c per piece.
Small hand bags (not exceeding two per person), free.
The above rates subject to alteration.    See footnote under
Banff, page 5.
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[Page Nine ] LAKE LOUISE
The   Chateau
The Great Divide—
near Lake Louise.
Moraine Lake and the
Valley of the Ten
The Pinnacle of Mount
A Mountain Trail near
Lakes in the Clouds.
Lake O'Hara, reached
from Lake Louise
and Lake Wapta.
Lake Louise, the Gem
of the Canadian Pacific Rockies.
Promenade along Lake
I Page Ten ] I Page Eleven ] w
THE Canadian Pacific Rockies comprise
some of Nature's most gigantic works.
In the various mountain ranges that
make up the Canadian Pacific Rockies—the
Rockies, the Selkirks, and the Gold, Coast,
Cascade, and Purcell Ranges—there are,
according to government measurements, no
less than 598 mountain peaks over 5,000 feet
in height above sea level. This government
list includes only those peaks which bear
names, and it does not profess to exhaust
the innumerable mountains that have not
yet been named or measured. Of those
actually listed, there are 512 over 7,000 feet,
405 over 8,000 feet, 291 over 9,000 feet, 147
over 10,000 feet, 44 over 11,000 feet, 3 over
12,000 feet, and one over 13,000 feet.
It should be noted too, that in many
mountainous regions the chief peaks spring
from such high plateaus that although they
are actually a very considerable height above
sea level, their height is not very impressive
to the traveller. This is not so in the Canadian Pacific Rockies. For example, some
fifty principal mountains seen by the traveller from the train or at the most popular
mountain resorts—at and around Banff,
Lake Louise, Moraine Lake, Lake O'Hara,
Field, Emerald Lake, the Yoho Valley, and
Glacier—and ranging in height from 8,000
to 1 1,500 feet, average a height above the
floor of the valleys at their base of about
4,800 feet, or almost a mile.
It is difficult to imagine anything more
fascinating than to start out in the early
morning, stepping in half an hour from the
perfect civilization of a luxurious hotel into
the primitive glory of cliff and crag, winding
waterway and frozen grandeur, to spend the
day among the mountains. With a blue sky
overhead, the air soft with the sweet resinous
spice of the forest, and all cares left far behind, one sees only beautiful sights, hears
only wonderland sounds, and for a whole
long day lives close to the very heart of
Nature in her most splendid mood. There
are climbs both strenuous and easy, long and
short, appealing equally to women as well as
to men.
An active Alpine Club, with over 500
members, and headquarters at Banff, holds
a camp each year in the Canadian Pacific
Rockies, and welcomes those who have the
ambition to climb a peak at least 10,000
feet high.    The Canadian Pacific Railway
1. A Crack in a Glacier. 2. A Climbing Party. 3. Camp of the Alpine
Club. 4. Mountain Climbing near
Lake O'Hara. 5. The Giants of the
Canadian Pacific Rockies.
[ Page Twelve ] has several experienced Swiss guides attached to its mountain
hotels. These guides came originally from Europe, but now have
a picturesque little colony of their own at Edelweiss, near
Golden, B. C.
Director A. O. Wheeler, of the Alpine Club of Canada, writes:
"Apart from the wonderful and unexplained exhilaration that
comes from climbing on snow and ice, and the overwhelming
desire to see what lies beyond, your true Alpine enthusiast glories
in the wide-spreading spectacular panorama that is seen from a
mountain top, when all in view is spread before him as on a living
map. It is in places such as these, where the prescience of an
Almighty Power is ever present, and which can only be attained
through hard bodily exertion, that he loves for a brief space to
enjoy the wonders that are spread at his feet."
From Banff to Mount Assiniboine is a fine walking tour that
can now, by means of comfortable camps, be made in three days
of delightful travel. The camps, located amongst magnificent
scenery, were established in 1920 by the Canadian Alpine Club,
and are now open to non-members. A public walking tour, in
charge of guides, leaves Banff twice weekly during July, August
and September. Special trips can be arranged from the main
route. A pack train operates in conjunction with the tour and
will carry all baggage desired. The journey can also be made
by ponies. Charges at the camps, $5.00 per day inclusive; saddle
ponies $3.00 per day; baggage charges $1.00 per lot of 40 lbs.
between camps. Wonder Lodge, a log building with living and
dining rooms and with sleeping accommodations in tent houses,
will be in operation in 1922 at the walking tour camp at Mount
Assiniboine. A comfortable camp will also be in operation at the
Banff Middle Springs, which will be open to the public, whether
going on the Banff-Assiniboine tour or not. Rates $4.00 per day.
For full particulars of these tours and camps, write A. O. Wheeler,
Canadian Alpine Club, Banff, Alberta.
[ Page Thirteen ] WHAT TO DO ™ YOHO"VALLEY
NESTLING at the foot of Mount Stephen, a giant that
towers 6,500 feet above the railway  and the Kicking
Horse River, Field is the stopping-off point for Emerald
Lake,  the famous Yoho Valley, and Yoho Park  (area, 476
square miles).
An excellent carriage road crosses the Kicking Horse River
at Field to the base of Mount Burgess, and leads through a
forest of balsam and spruce to Emerald Lake, seven miles
distant. This beautiful lake, of most exquisite coloring and
sublimity of surroundings, lies placid under the protection of
Mount Wapta, Mount Burgess, and Mount President. It is
well stocked with fish, and its vicinity affords many charming
excursions on foot. On the shore of the lake a picturesque two-
story log chalet, which with its new extension and bungalow
cabins will have accommodation for seventy people, and is
operated by the Canadian Pacific. (Open June 15th to September 15 th.)
At Hector, a short distance from the Great Divide, is Lake
Wapta Camp, a rustic bungalow camp that forms a comfortable and convenient centre for those who desire to explore
this romantic and picturesque region. From it can be reached
the Kicking Horse Canyon, the Yoho Valley, Lake O'Hara,
Sherbrooke Lake, Ross Lake, and other points. The camp,
which has a central community house, is open from June 15th
to September 15th, and has accommodation for about fifty.
A new bungalow cabin camp, with accommodation for ten,
will be opened this summer at Lake O'Hara (see also page 9).
The Yoho Valley can be reached from either Field or Lake
Wapta Camp by carriage road. This is one of the finest long
drives in the Rockies (round-trip distance from Field, twenty-
two miles). The road, crossing the Kicking Horse River,
follows the milky glacier-fed stream to where it joins the
Yoho River, near the entrance of the valley at Mount Field,
round which it swings and up the valley until some precipitous
cliffs are reached. Up these it zigzags to a higher level, ending
a short distance past the Takakkaw Falls.
Takakkaw means "It is wonderful!" These wonderful falls
have a sheer drop of 1,200 feet, forming one high ribbon of
water descending from precipitous cliffs in clouds of foam.
A new bungalow cabin camp, with accommodation for ten
people, is being established this summer close to the falls.
The Takakkaw Falls can be reached also from Emerald
Lake by an excellent trail which leads up through forests to
the Yoho Pass (altitude, 6,000 feet), where it is joined by the
trail from Field over Mount Burgess. Reaching the summit
by pony, a wonderful view is obtained. Summit Lake, a small
but beautifully colored lake, is passed, and thence descent is
made into the Yoho Valley.
Yet another route to the Yoho Valley is over the Burgess
Pass. The pony trail from Field rises up the wooded slopes
of Mount Burgess to the pass (altitude, 7,150 feet), from which
a magnificent panoramic view of the surrounding mountain
ranges may be obtained. Continuing along the slopes of
Mount Wapta the trail is almost level until the Yoho Pass is
reached, whence descent is made to either Takakkaw Falls
or to Emerald Lake.
From Takakkaw a trail can be taken into the upper part of
the valley, past Laughing Falls and the Twin Falls (two vast
columns of water that drop almost perpendicularly) to the
Yoho and President Glaciers and the Waputik ice field. The
Yoho Glacier is one of the most interesting in the Canadian
Rockies, and is highly picturesque. A splendid side trip can
be made up the Little Yoho to one of the former camps of the
Alpine Club of Canada. The return can be made by a higher
trail, which goes part way up the Yoho Peak, and a wonderful
panorama is afforded of the entire Yoho Valley, the Cathedral
Range across the Kicking Horse Valley, and the Wapta and
Daly glaciers.
A delightful drive from Field along the old grade, the
round-trip distance being sixteen miles to the Ottertail Valley,
up which a magnificent view of the triple-headed Mount
Goodsir may be had.
The famous Mount Stephen fossil beds are reached from
Field by a pony trail which rises to an elevation of 6,000 feet
above the sea level. The fossil beds are over 2,000 feet in
A very fine one-day climbing trip, commencing at Field,
and traversing the gap (Dennis Pass) between Mount Stephen
and Mount Dennis, and from there to Duchesnay Pass. The
descent is made to a beautiful valley under the shadow of the
precipitous crags of Mount Odaray, the valley being followed
until the Lake O'Hara trail is reached. The climber should
not fail to pay a visit to Lake O'Hara, where a bungalow
cabin camp will be established this summer. The return to
the railway (distant eight miles) from Lake O'Hara is made
by way of an excellent trail to Hector Station. From here,
Field may be reached by train or, better still, by walking
down the old grade until the Yoho Road connection is reached.
One trip that will especially appeal to the enthusiastic
Alpine climber is that from the Yoho Valley to Upper Bow
Lake. This lake is a source of the Bow River, and lies at a
distance of about nineteen miles northwest from Lake Louise
as the crow flies, at an altitude of 6,400 feet above sea level.
This trip, however, should not be undertaken by anyone
unacquainted with glacier-climbing conditions. There are a
number of crevasses to be crossed, especially if the trip is
made late in the season, and a Swiss guide should be taken.
[ Page Fourteen ] The route from the Yoho Valley is roughly northeast. The
valley is followed up to the forefoot of the Yoho Glacier,
through the meadows above the left side, and then up the
Balfour Glacier. The Vulture Col is then crossed to Christmas
Peak, or St. Nicholas, to the right-hand branch of the Bow
Glacier, from which descent is made by canyon and stream
to the upper end of Upper Bow Lake. This makes a most
interesting and delightful trip, the time from Yoho Glacier to
the lake occupying about one day's tramp and climb.
Transfer (train time only), per person, each way—direct route, $1.00;
via Natural Bridge, $1.25. Hand baggage free; extra, two pieces per
head, 25c.   Trunks, 50c each.
One-way trip, carriage, team and driver—direct route, 2 or 3 persons,
$3.75; 4 or 5 persons, $6.25. Via Natural Bridge—2 or 3 persons, $4.50;
4 or 5 persons, $7.50.
Round trip, carriage, team and driver—via direct route, with 20-
minute stop at Emerald Lake, $6.50. Automobile, direct route, per person.
$2.25.   Return via Natural Bridge, $2.50.
Round trip, carriage, team and driver—half-day. 4 hours, one way
via Natural Bridge, 2 or 3 persons, $7.00; 4 or 5 persons, $10.50. Full
day, 9 hours, 2 or 3 persons, $12.00; 4 or 5 persons, $15.00.
Tally-ho coach—Field to Emerald Lake and return, one way via
Natural Bridge, 4 hours, each person, $2.50.
Field to Ottertail Bridge and return, carriage, team and driver—
3 hours. 2 or 3 persons, $6.25; 4 or 5 persons, $9.00.
Field to Takakkaw Falls, carriage, team and driver—9 hours, 2 or 3
persons. $12.00; 4 or 5 persons, $15.00.
Field to Takakkaw Falls—Tally-ho coach, 9 hours, each, $3.00.
Field to Monarch Cabins—1, 2 or 3 persons, $3.00; 4 or more, $1.00
Field to Look-Out via Emerald Lake and return—Carriage to Emerald
Lake, pony beyond, each person, $6.00. To Look-Out via Burgess and
return—Carriage to Emerald Lake, pony beyond, each person, $6.50.
Guide accompanies each trip, but no charge is made when accompanying
3 or more persons.
Field to Natural  Bridge and return—2 hours. 2 or 3 persons. $4.50;
or 5 persons, $7.50.
Field to Fossil Beds and return—4 hours, $2.50.
Field to Emerald Lake, via Burgess Pass and return by road—one
day, $3.50.   Stopping overnight at Chalet, $5.00.
Field to Takakkaw Falls and return—all day, $3.50.
Field to Twin Falls, return via Burgess—2 days, $7.00.
Emerald Lake to Takakkaw Falls and return—one day, via trail.
$3.50.   Two days, one way via trail, $7.00.
Takakkaw Falls to Twin Falls and return—1 day. $3.50.
Takakkaw Falls to Twin Falls and Emerald Lake—2 days. $7.00.
Emerald to Twin Falls and return—2 days, via trail, $7.00.
Emerald Lake to Look-Out Point and return to Field via Burgess
Pass and Yoho Road—1 day, $3.50.
Field to Lake McArthur and Lake O'Hara via Ottertail trail, and
return via Hector trail—2 days, $7.00; same trip, 3 days, $10.50. Field
to Lake O'Hara and return via Hector—2 days, $7.00.
Hector to Lake O'Hara and return—1 day, $3.50. Ponies going light
from Field to Hector and return, $1.65 each.
Field to Leanchoil and return—2 days, $7.00.
Field to Emerald via road—one way only, $1.50. Via Natural Bridge
and return via road, $3.00.
Emerald Lake to Fossil Beds and return—all day, $3.50.
Field to Sherbrooke Lake and return—1 day, $3.50.
Saddle pony—first hour, $1.25; each additional hour, 75c; per day of
9 hours, $3.50.   Guides, with pony, $1.00 per hour; $6.00 per day of 9 hours.
Single rigs without driver—first hour, $2.00; second hour, $1.25
each additional hour, 75c; all day, 9 hours, $6.00. With driver, first hour
$2.50; second hour, $1.50; each additional hour, $1.00. All day. 9 hours
Two-seated carriage with driver—first hour, $2.75; each additional
hour, $1.75; all day, 9 hours. $12.00.
Three-seated carriage with driver—first hour, $4.50; second hour.
$3.00; each additional hour, $1.50; all day, 9 hours, $15.00.
Automobiles—per hour, 5-passenger car (minimum 3 persons), $6.00
per hour; 7-passenger car (minimum 4 persons), $7.50 per hour.
Waiting time—5-passenger car, $2.50 per hour; 7-passenger car, $3.00
per hour.
The above rates subject to alteration.   See footnote under Banff, page 5.
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( Page Fifteen ] THE YOHO VALLEY
1. Emerald    Lake    and
Mount Burgess.
2. Natural    Bridge,   near
3. Lake    Wapta    Camp,
4. Takakkaw Falls, Yoho
5. Mount Stephen, over
shadowing Field.
Little Yoho Falls,Yoho
7.     Takakkaw   Falls   and
the Daly Glacier
Emerald Lake Chalet
[ Page Sixteen! [ Page Seventeen j WHAT TO DO AT GLACIER
IN the heart of the Selkirks, an admirable centre for Alpine
climbing.     There are  two very fine glaciers within easy
reach of the hotel—one, indeed, the Illecillewaet Glacier,
may be said to be in the yard of the Canadian Pacific Hotel.
Glacier Park covers 468 square miles and is a Paradise for
those in search of Alpine flowers—over 500 varieties blooming every summer. Glacier House, the Canadian Pacific
Hotel, is open June 15th to September 15th.   (American plan.)
Sir Donald (10,808 feet) rises, a naked and abrupt pyramid,
to a height of a mile and a quarter above the railway. This
stately monolith was named after the late Sir Donald Smith
(Lord Strathcona), one of the promoters of the Canadian
Pacific Railway. Farther to the left are sharp peaks—Uto,
Eagle, Avalanche, and Macdonald—second only to Sir Donald.
Rogers Pass and the snowy Hermit Range, the most prominent peaks of which are called the Swiss Peaks, are in full
view. Again, to the left, at the west end of the Hermit Range
on the south side of Bear Creek, comes Cheops, so named
after the Great Pyramid, the tomb of the Pharaoh Shufu
(Cheops), who lived about 3,700 B. C; and in the foreground,
and far down among the trees, the Illecillewaet glistens
across the valley.
Less than two miles from the hotel and tumbling from an
altitude of 9,000 feet on the sky line, to 4,800 feet at the
forefoot, this glacier covers ten square miles and is easily
reached in one hour by way of an excellent trail. The return
trip may be taken along the alternative trail on the east bank
of the Illecillewaet River.
(Altitude, 4,100 to 6,000 feet.) The trail branches off
the main great glacier trail one-quarter of a mile from the hotel,
and crossing the Asulkan Brook, climbs up the east side of
the valley to the forefoot of the Asulkan Glacier, distant
four miles from the hotel. This is one of the most beautiful
valleys in the Selkirks.
The trail leaves the rear of the hotel (altitude, 4,093 feet)
and climbs gradually up the slopes of Mount Abbott to Marion
Lake (altitude, 5,666 feet). The lake can be reached in less
than an hour and a half. In the early morning a beautiful
reflection of the Hermit Range is to be seen on the surface
of the lake. At Marion Lake the trail forks, the right trail
going to Observation Point (altitude, 5,750 feet), distant
about one hundred yards away, from which a splendid
panorama of Rogers Pass is to be had. The trail branching
to the left leads to the Abbott Alp, a beautiful grassy upland.
From here a splendid view of the Dawson Range can be had.
Crest   (altitude,   7,419   feet),   commanding   the   Illecillewaet
Glacier, with its crevasses, seracs, and moraines.
Starting from the Swiss guides'  Chalet,  a path leads up
the lower slopes of Mount Avalanche to the Cascade Sum-
merhouse, perched at an altitude of 5,252 feet.
From this point the cascade tumbles in a series of leaps
to a distance of 1,200 feet. Still higher up one may go to
Avalanche Crest (altitude, 7,855 feet). A magnificent view
of the Bonney Ridge and glacier may be had from this point.
The summit of the Selkirk Range as formerly crossed by
the railway (altitude, 4,351 feet), is reached by a pony trail.
Here the stupendous precipices of Mount Tupper (altitude,
9,229 feet) may be seen to advantage. The trail to the Rogers
amphitheatre may be taken from this point, and the cabin
there used as a base for exploring and climbing.
This beautiful little valley is directly opposite Rogers Pass
Summit and ends in the Baloo Pass, distant three miles.
Beautiful waterfalls deck the sides of the valley, the upper
reaches of which are carpeted with flowers. The journey may
be continued over the Baloo Pass to the Nakimu Caves and
the Cougar Valley trail and road to the hotel, which is distant
five and one-half miles from the Baloo Pass.
With beautiful interior marble markings, situated on the
lower slopes of Mount Cheops, in the Cougar Valley, are
reached by an excellent carriage road and pony trail, the
distance from Glacier House being five miles. Parties may
arrange to take lunch and have same at the cabin, situated
at the caves. Energetic walkers will find it worth while to
continue on the trail over the Baloo Pass, returning to the
hotel by Rogers Pass.
The Asulkan Pass  (altitude,  7,710 feet) may be reached
by an easy one-day trip across the glacier.   The view of the
Dawson Range from the pass is exceptionally beautiful.
The formation of crevasses, seracs, moulins, etc., may best
be studied by spending a day with a Swiss guide on the great
glacier.   Perley Rock may also be visited and the great crags
of Mount Sir Donald viewed from this vantage point.
A path branches from the Asulkan trail, a short distance
from the first bridge, and climbs, corkscrew fashion, to Glacier
[ Page F,igl
The opening
River, and the
Grizzly Creek,
iteen ]
of a trail from Glacier House to the Beaver
erection of bridges over the Beaver River and
has made possible the ascent of the Dog Tooth Mountains, a beautiful range to the west of Golden. The
route along the bottom of Grizzly Creek is easy; thence it
ascends by gentle gradients to the pass over the Dog Tooth
Range, which, though above the timber line, is low and quite
accessible. Open park lands extend from the pass to Canyon
Creek Valley, where the beautiful meadows make an ideal
camping ground. From the peaks on one side there is a fine
view of the Columbia Valley towards Golden; from those on
the other, of the Spillimacheen Mountains, while back across
the Beaver Valley are seen the more familiar snow-clad giants
of the Selkirks. The trip from Glacier House to Canyon
Creek Valley and back can be made comfortably in four days.
and return, via Swanzy Glacier and Lily Pass (altitude 8,228
feet),   a  long  but  splendid   trip,  traversing   many glaciers.
The route may be reversed by making the trip via the summit
of Mount Abbott and rear slope of the Rampart.
A circuit of Eagle Peak, making the trip via the pass
between Uto Peak and Mount Sir Donald, and the return
by the pass between Eagle Peak and Mount Avalanche.
Imposing views of the northwest ridge of Mount Sir Donald
and of the whole Beaver Valley.
(Altitudes,  8,081   and 8,425  feet.)     A  delightful  one-day
climb, with splendid views of the Mount Bonney Region.
(Altitudes, 9,108 and 9,176 feet.)   The twin peaks may be
climbed via Asulkan Valley and Glacier.    They present no
difficulty to a well-equipped party.
The trail may be taken to Rogers Pass Summit and from
there a short walk via Bear Creek Valley leads to the actual
climb. From the summit the view northward reveals the
monarch of the Selkirks, Mount Sir Sanford (altitude, 11,590
feet), while to the northeast may be seen the gigantic escarpment of the Rocky Mountains.
Note—Swiss Guides are stationed at the Hotel and are available for the service of tourists for the fee of $7.00 per day. The
guides provide rope, ice axes, etc., and visitors intending lo
climb should be equipped with stout boots well nailed.
Transfer, station to hotel (train times only)—each way, 50c.
Heavy baggage, 25c; hand baggage (two pieces per person) free.
From Glacier House to end of road to Caves, and return—carriage,
team and driver, 2 or 3 persons, $7.00; 4 or 5 persons, $10.50. Automobile,
$2.50 per person, with minimum of 3 persons per 5-passenger car and
5 persons per 7rpassenger car.
Great Glacier and return—time 2 hours, $2.00.
Asulkan Glacier and return—time 4 hours, $2.50.
Marion Lake and return—time 3 hours, $2.50.
Overlook and Mount Abbott and return—all day, $3.50.
To Nakimu Caves—All day, $3.50.
Riding skirts or rain coats rented at 50c per day.
Saddle ponies—first hour. $1.25; succeeding hours, 75c each; per day
of 9 hours, $3.50.
Guide with pony—per hour, $1.00; per day, $6.00.
General Automobile Tariff—same as at Field.
The above rates subject to alteration. See footnote under Banff, page 5.
Reached by branch line from Golden, B. C.—On the shores of a beautiful
warm water lake, Lake Windermere Camp provides facilities for riding,
boating, fishing, motoring and golf. The spectacular lake of the Hanging
Glaciers is reached from here. Bungalow cabins with central community
house .    Rates $5.50 per day,     American plan. July 1 to Sept. 15.
1 Page Nineteen ] GLACIER
Alpine climbing made
Ice Seracs on the Illecillewaet Glacier.
Glacier House and its
surrounding mountain ranges.
"Iron Gates," Sinclair
Canyon, Banff-
Windermere Road.
Mount Sir Donald.
Climbing with Swiss
The Lake of the Hanging   Glaciers,   near
Lake Windermere.
Lake Windermere
■ Page Twenty ] [ Page Twenty-one ] HUNTING
WHILE hunting is forbidden within
the National Parks in the Canadian
Pacific Rockies, there is magnificent
sport to be had outside the Park limits, and
the Canadian Pacific Railway hotels are good
outfitting points for some of the best hunting
grounds. British Columbia is the last home
of the grizzly, that fierce and rapacious member of the bear family. He is to be found
pretty much throughout the Selkirks and
Rockies: the East Kootenay, Lillooet and
Cariboo districts and the country reached
from Revelstoke being particularly promising hunting grounds. The best time to
hunt for bear is in the spring.
Brown bear, the largest carnivorous animal in the world today, is a trophy par
excellence, and the hunter who succeeds in
bagging one of these huge ferocious animals
can be assured of pulse-quickening memories for the rest of his life.
The Rocky Mountain goat, whose uncanny beard gives him almost a human
appearance, has his habitat among the peaks
of the Canadian Pacific Rockies. He is a
brave and fearless fighter, and is more than
a match for any dog that dares to attack him.
His sharp and needle-like horns and strong,
pointed hoofs are excellent weapons of defence against his enemies. He is the most
daring of all mountain climbers, remarkably
sure-footed, and delights in scaling great
heights and taking perilous leaps across
chasms. His coat is white, soft and fluffy,
and the color has the effect of magnifying
his size, which is usually about thirty-five to
forty inches at the shoulder. When full grown
he weighs from 200 to 250 pounds. He has
practically no enemies save men and eagles.
When danger threatens he climbs up or down
the steepest precipice he can find, and there
is no wild creature without wings that can
follow him.
The Bighorn or Rocky Mountain sheep is
today considered the most valued prize
obtainable by the sportsman. Its home is
among the fastnesses of the Canadian Pacific
Rockies. This animal is of a suspicious nature, but is sure-footed and self-reliant, and
will escape over rocks which the hunter finds
impossible to traverse. Its flesh is pronounced by epicures to be the most delicious
of the world's game, and its massive, wide-
spreading horns make a beautiful ornament.
1. Big Horn Mountain Sheep.
2. Rocky Mountain Goat.    3. The
End of a Bear Hunt.
I Page Twenty-two ) HUNTING
Of all Canadian game the Bighorn is most
wary and difficult to bag. His vigilance is
admirable and once he has regained the
higher ground, after feeding during the early
morning, only the combination of luck and
skill will secure a successful shot.
The moose, that monarch of the forest,
whose mighty antlers make him such a desirable prize, ranges plentifully through the
heavily wooded stretches of the Rockies.
The caribou inhabits a more open country than the moose, and is found in goodly
numbers on the moss-covered barrens in the
Canadian Pacific Rockies. Very large heads
have been shot here.
The Lillooet District is a fine country for
hunting the common Bighorn. The town of
Lillooet, reached by motor road from Ashcroft or Lytton, is a good outfitting centre.
Here guides can be picked up and all essentials for a trip obtained.
The Cariboo District is one of the finest
hunting territories in British Columbia. It
lies off the beaten track in the very heart of
the Canadian Pacific Rockies.
Here grizzlies, moose, caribou, mountain
sheep and mountain goat are all to be found,
according to locality, while black bear are
also shot. The fishing, too, is superlatively
Hunting and fishing grounds are best
reached by auto from Ashcroft.
Complete outfits and reliable guides can
be secured at various points in the district.
The East Kootenay is an excellent field
for the sportsman, offering the greatest
variety of big game to be found in any
district of the North American continent.
Bighorn sheep, mountain goat, moose,
caribou, mule and Virginian deer, grizzly,
brown and black bear are among the possibilities. Most of these species can be secured
within reasonable distance of base camp on
the Kootenay River and all within an extreme radius of about eighty miles.
Invermere (station Lake Windermere,
seventy-four miles south of Golden) is the
natural gateway and outfitting point. Auto
may be taken from here to Kootenay River
Crossing where saddle horses and outfit can
be in waiting so that the hunter may be in
the heart of the best hunting district the
same evening.
1. Duck Shooting, Vancouver
Island. 2. Lynx. 3. A Camp in the
THERE are many spots in the Canadian Pacific   Rockies
where the angler is assured of excellent  fishing.     Some
of   the   principal   fishing   waters   are   indicated   in   the
following brief survey.
Six game fish have their habitat in the waters of the
National Park in which Banff is situated, viz.: the cutthroat, lake, Dolly Varden, bull and brook trout, and the
Rocky Mountain whitefish. Any point on the Bow River,
upstream for several miles from the bridge at Banff, affords
Dolly Varden and bull trout. The Vermilion Lakes, half
a mile from the boat house, and Forty-Mile Creek, a beautiful
stream that joins the Bow River at Banff, can be profitably
fished. A little farther afield, the Bow River offers capital
A favorite and delightful, trip is by canoe from Castle
station, down this lovely river to Banff, fishing the various
pools for cut-throat trout, etc. Castle is seventeen miles
by rail west of Banff and can also be conveniently reached
over the splendid new motor highway. There are fine camping sites along the route. Canoes can be taken by train from
Banff and easily carried the short distance necessary to the
river at Castle.
In the opposite direction, along the Bow River from Banff to
its junction with the Kananaskis River at Seebe, are deep
pools and eddies, where good fishing is obtainable, but only
good canoe men should attempt this trip.
Lake Minnewanka, or Devils Lake, eight miles from Banff
and easily reached by auto over a good road, affords fine
fishing for lake trout, which reach an uncommon size. The
usual method of taking these fish is by trolling. A comfortable
chalet is located on the shore of the lake at the end of the road.
Mystic Lake, seventeen miles from Banff, drains into
Forty-Mile Creek. It is reached by pony trail via Mount
Edith Pass. The best fishing is usually found near the mouth
of the glacial spring which enters the lake. While the varieties
of fish offered do not run to any large size, they will bite
Seven miles beyond Mystic Lake are the Sawback Lakes,
where there is very good fishing to be had for cut-throat and
Dolly Varden trout.
The Spray River joins the Bow at Banff. At the Falls,
about eight miles upstream, the fishing begins and continues
right to the Spray Lakes, twenty miles further. August is the
best time to fish this water. Fly and spinner will prove
successful lures.
The Spray Lakes are twenty-eight miles from Banff, over
a good pony trail, which for a great part of the distance
follows closely the windings of the enchanting Spray River.
Cut-throat and Dolly Varden trout run to a large size both
in the lakes and in the several streams entering into and
running out of them. July and August are the best fly-fishing
months.   Rocky Mountain whitefish are also plentiful.   There
is a comfortable log cabin camp at the Spray Lakes especially
for the accommodation of anglers. Very large trout are caught
in the Lower Kananaskis Lake, reached by way of the Spray
Lakes from Banff or up through the Kananaskis River Valley
from Morley.
Information in detail in regard to numerous other good
fishing haunts around Banff can be obtained from the Fishing
Inspector at the office of the Superintendent of the Park.
In the upper waters of the Pipestone River, reached by pack
trail from Lake Louise, there are many pools and several lakes
yielding fine sport for the fly fisherman. At times there is
also reasonably good fishing in this stream close to Lake
Louise station.
There is good fishing to be had in Consolation Lake, three
miles beyond Moraine Lake, where a rest house and camp is
maintained. Here there are plenty of cut-throat trout, which
take the fly freely.
Upper Bow Lake is up in the glacial belt, and the largest
fish of their kind are to be found here—cut-throat, Dolly
Varden, and silver trout. Spinner, minnow, or beef will
tempt the big fellows, though in the Bow River flies can be
used for the cut-throat. After the spring freshets are over is
the only time worth trying. It takes about two days from
Lake Louise over pony trail to reach Bow Lake.
A splendid trip, occupying about a week and combining
excellent fishing with rare scenic attractions, can be made
by following the trail up the Ptarmigan Valley to the foot
of Mount Richardson, a distance of about nine miles from
Chateau Lake Louise. Cross from there over to head of the
Little Pipestone River, about seven miles, where the fishing
really commences. Continue along to camp on the main
Pipestone River—six miles. The Pipestone can then be
followed up fifteen miles to its head waters, which gives
access to a chain of beautiful lakes abounding with large,
gamy cut-throat trout, ranging up to five pounds in weight.
They will take the fly quite readily when conditions are right.
If a more extended outing than the foregoing is desired,
follow up Molar Creek, which runs into the Pipestone River
from the west at junction of Little Pipestone with the main
river, skirt Mount Hector, viewing the Hector Glacier and
return by way of the Bow River to Lake Louise. This extension covers an additional thirty-five miles of incomparably
grand and beautiful scenery with further good fishing possibilities. Hector, or Lower Bow Lake, may also be visited as
an offshoot of this trip to advantage of the angler.
Emerald Lake (seven miles from Field over a good motor
road) should not be overlooked by the angler.    The fishing
there at times affords very good sport.    Accommodation at
Emerald Lake Chalet.   Skiffs available.
The fishing in this district is best in the spring and fall,
especially  the  latter.     While  there  are  one  or  two  fishing
f Page Twenty-four ] waters only a short distance from the city, the best are
about half a day's journey. Pack horses, readily obtained
locally, are the usual and most satisfactory method of reaching the fishing haunts. In the Illecillewaet River, which
runs through the east end of the city and then strikes toward
the northeast, there are brook, mountain and rainbow trout.
In Cherry Creek, five miles east of the city, over a good trail
or by train, mountain and rainbow trout are found. The
Jordan River, some six miles from the city, is particularly
the home of the Dolly Varden, but there are also rainbow
and cut-throat trout.
Halfway Creek and Goose Creek are about fourteen miles
from the cit}', over a very good trail. Both these creeks flow
into the Jordan River. The same kind of fish are found
here. Lake Griffin and Three Valley Lake are a few miles
west of the city, reached by train. There are no boats on
these lakes for hire, but they can generally be borrowed from
the local railway hands. There are rafts, too, usually available.
The fishing includes cut-throat, gray trout and so-called
Nipigon trout, which is in reality a rainbow.
Columbia River—This river runs through Revelstoke from
the north. In the fall, salmon trout come up the river
and can be taken by using live bait with a small red fish,
which runs up from the Arrow Lakes. This appears to be
the only method used. The trout, however, having come up
the river to spawn, are generally in poor condition.
At the head of the celebrated Shuswap Lakes and the foot
of Lake Mara is a fine fishing centre, affording wide scope
for the activities of the angler. Make headquarters at the
Canadian Pacific Railway Hotel, Sicamous, adjoining station.
Shuswap Lake has the reputation of containing more
varieties of trout and other fish than any water in British
Columbia. There are lake, silver, gray, salmon, rainbow, cutthroat, and Dolly Varden trout, and steelhead and landlocked salmon.
Skiffs and motor launches can be hired at reasonable rates
from local boat livery.   Guides are also available.
There are several rivers and creeks running into the Shuswap
Lakes in which the fishing is good. It is best, however, to
fish at the mouth of these streams.
During the hot summer months, July and August, when
fish do not take a fly readily, the best method to follow is
deep trolling. The steelheads are very gamy and run as
high as twenty pounds. During March and April excellent
sport is usually afforded in this line of fishing. The gray and
silver trout run up to about fifteen pounds.
Another point from which one may fish the Shuswap Lakes.
The fishing is similar to that at Sicamous. The fly fishing
in this vicinity is good only during the month of June. Hotel
accommodation available. Motor launches and skiffs can
be hired from private parties at reasonable rates.
A number of good fishing waters can be readily reached
from this point, the chief of which are:
Shuswap Lake, one mile; Adams Lake, seven miles; Niskon-
lith Lake, four miles; as well as several small unnamed lakes
from eight to ten miles away. Emptying into the different
lakes are the Adams and South Thompson Rivers and several
small creeks.
Practically the same varieties of fish are found in the
various waters mentioned, which can be reached by motor
boat, canoe, wagon road or trail. These varieties are: Kamloops trout, silver, Dolly Varden, and rainbow trout. The
Kamloops trout run as high as seven or eight pounds and the
silver and Dolly Varden up to fourteen or fifteen pounds.
Comfortable hotel accommodation at Chase, with fishing
lodge on Adams Lake, about eleven miles from town.
One of  the best centres anywhere for  the fly fisherman.
There  are several   fine waters  within  convenient  reach   by
Fish Lake, twenty-two miles to the south, is reached by
an excellent motor road, which runs directly to the lake near
point where a comfortable fishing lodge is operated by Mr.
Robt. Cowan. Comfortable accommodation and good board
is afforded at moderate rates. Mr. Cowan is in a position to
furnish boats and arrange for guides.
In Fish Lake there are rainbow and cut-throat trout. The
fishing is best in June and July, and again in September and
October. There is a limit of twenty fish per day for each
person and a size limit of ten inches.
Paul Lake lies about twelve miles northeast of Kamloops,
and is reached over a good automobile road. It offers exceptionally good fly fishing, particularly for "Kamloops" trOut.
Accommodation designed to meet needs of the angler is provided by Echo Lodge, of which Mr. J. Arthur Scott of Kamloops is the proprietor. Boats can be hired and guides arranged
for through him.
Pinanton Lake is situated about nineteen miles from Kamloops along the same road as taken to Paul Lake. There are
a number of summer cottages for rental at Pinanton Lake, and
boats and guides can be secured through Mr. P. Botta, Pinanton, P. O., via Kamloops. There is good fishing for "Kamloops," rainbow and cut-throat trout.
Thompson River—this river flows through the city, but
the fishing is not good until one gets some way out, either
to the east or west.
Fish to be had are sea-run rainbows, cut-throat, Dolly
Varden, and the celebrated Thompson River or Kamloops
There are a number of hotels in Kamloops, and the usual
needs of the angler in the way of equipment, etc., can be met
locally. Automobiles can be hired on reasonable terms and
motor boats rented.
There are no regular professional guides, but automobile
drivers are nearly all keen fishermen and usually know where
the fish are taking best.
Situated at the junction of Tranquille or Kamloops Lake
and the Thompson River.   The same kinds of fish are to be
found as at Kamloops.    There is particularly good trolling
where the lake flows into the river.
Seven miles west of Savona, and perhaps the best point from
which to fish the Thompson River. The town is about three-
quarters of a mile from the river. Hotel accommodation
Fishing is the same as at Savona and other places along
the river.
As the river is very rapid here it will be found necessary
to wade. There are innumerable pools, but the best fishing
is to be had in the very swift water on the north side of the
river.    Guides are advisable who can be secured locally.
The Thompson River can be fished from several places
where conditions are favorable and there is accommodation
to be had, the principal of which are:
In from Ashcroft, along the old Cariboo trail, there are
several lakes and streams at varying distances in which the
fishing is extremely good. Automobiles to reach fishing waters
can be obtained at Ashcroft.
Page Twenty-five ] FISHING
THE Thompson River is well worth the
attention of the angler and a visit to
any of the places mentioned will afford
good sport amid pleasant surroundings.
While the fish are not very large on the
average, they are great fighters and the swift
water adds considerable zest and interest to
the fishing.
About five miles from North Bend there
is a lake from which the Cisco River flows,
where fishing in the fall is very good, the fish
coming up from the sea by way of the Fraser
There are rainbow, cut-throat and Dolly
Varden trout and occasionally a steelhead
and Cohoe salmon.
There is good fishing near Vancouver and
at a great many points on Vancouver Island.
See under "Vancouver" and "Victoria" on
subsequent pages. The company has published a special booklet "Vancouver Island"
which contains a great deal of interesting
and serviceable information on the sporting
attractions of that fascinating all-year playground. It can be had on application to any
Canadian Pacific passenger agent, or representative, listed at back of this folder.
Flies, spoons and baits vary, of course,
according to locality, water conditions and
date. An expert fisherman who has fished
practically all the waters of the Canadian
Pacific Rockies has furnished the following
list of flies:
Alexandra, Black Ant, Black Gnat, Black
Midge, Brown Hackle, Butcher, Cowdung,
Dusty Miller, Gray Hackle, Green Sedge,
Hardy's Favorite Montreal, Jock Scott, King
of the Waters, Montreal, March Brown,
Parmacheene Belle, Professor, Red Ant, Red
Palmer, Red Spinner, Royal Coachman,
Salmon,  Silver Doctor,  Silver Jock Scott,
1. At Sicamous, B. C. 2. An Afternoon's Catch near Kamloops .
3. Fishing in Pipestone Lake, near
Lake Louise.
I Page Twenty-six | FISHING
Silver Wilkinson, Spent Gnat, Teal and
Orange, Teal and Red Grouse, Claret, Wick-
am's Fancy and Zulu.   Sizes 5 to 11.
Spoons—Devon Minnows, both silver and
gilt, Victoria, large and small, Tacoma, single
and double, Stewart, Siwash, Archer Phantom Minnow, Mother of Pearl, Colorado, etc.
It is not advisable to rely upon obtaining
any of the above locally at the fishing grounds;
rather should the fisherman include them in
the equipment he takes with him. Intending anglers are advised before starting on a
fishing trip to look carefully over their equipment to see that it is complete. Further
information as to fishing conditions in the
different localities, with advice as to regulations, etc., can be obtained from the General
Tourist Agent, Canadian Pacific Railway,
Montreal. No fishing license is required for
fishing in the Dominion Parks. In other
regions of British Columbia a license costs
the non-resident $1.00 per day or $5.00 per
Canada's timber reserves are national
assets of incalculable value. To neglect to
take ordinary precautions which ensure them
against destruction from forest fires is to rob
civilization. Quite apart from the danger to
the lives, homes and property of settlers,
every acre of forest burned means labor
turned away, reduced markets for manufactured products, heavier taxation on other
property, and higher lumber prices. Passengers on trains should not throw lighted cigar
or cigarette ends from car windows. Those
who go into the woods—hunters, fishermen,
campers and canoeists—should consider it
their duty to exercise every care to prevent
loss from fire. Take a personal interest in
forest preservation. If you locate a small
fire endeavor to put it out. If you can't, do
everything possible to get word to the nearest Fire Warden or other authority so that
prompt steps can be taken in this direction.
Small fires should be carefully extinguished.
1. Off for a Week's Camp, Kananaskis. 2. Campbell River, B. C,
Salmon. 3. At Lake Minnewanka,
near Banff.
xx >x    ,,
1 Page Twenty-seven 1 WHAT TO DO AT VANCOUVER
VANCOUVER, the terminal of the Canadian Pacific transcontinental rail lines and its trans-Pacific steamship
routes, is the largest commercial centre in British Columbia. It has an excellent harbor nearly land-locked and fully
sheltered, facing a beautiful range of mountains. Two peaks,
silhouetted against the sky, and remarkably resembling two
couchant lions, are visible from almost any point in the city
or harbor, which has been appropriately called "The Lion's
In and around Vancouver are immense lumber and shingle
mills. Mining, lumbering, farming, shipbuilding, and shipping, with a vast Oriental business, form the reason of the
city's phenomenal growth and prosperity. From a forest
clearing thirty-six years ago it has become one of the principal
cities and most important seaports of the North Pacific Coast.
The magnificent Hotel Vancouver is the finest hotel of the
North Pacific, with 490 guests' bedrooms. Wonderful views
of the Strait of Georgia can be obtained from the roof garden
of this hotel.
Vancouver is most picturesquely situated on Burrard Inlet.
Surrounding it are beautiful environs of varied character.
All kinds of water sports are available, and are encouraged
through a mild climate and extensive bodies of water. There
are many bathing beaches, parks, boulevards, automobile
roads, and paved streets.
The roads around the city are famous for their excellence,
and there are many fine drives, varying from an hour to a day
in time. Amongst them may be mentioned Stanley Park—
one of the largest natural parks in the world, a primeval forest
right within the city limits and containing thousands of
Douglas firs and giant cedars of a most amazing size and age.
The park is encircled by a perfect road. The "Marine Drive"
takes the visitor through the best residential parts of the city,
including Shaughnessy Heights and Point Grey, thence to the
mouth of the Fraser River, with its fleets of salmon trawlers,
and back along the coast. Capilano Canyon, a gorge of great
natural beauty, in North Vancouver, is reached by a recently
completed road. The Pacific Highway, including Kingsway,
runs through Vancouver, connecting up with the main American roads of the Northwest.
Vancouver has three good golf courses. Guests of the
Hotel Vancouver have special privileges at the Shaughnessy
Heights Golf Club.
Shaughnessy Heights Golf Club is an 18-hole course within
fifteen minutes' drive from the Hotel Vancouver, recognized
as one of the best links on the Pacific Coast. The Pacific
Northwest championships have been held here.
Jericho Golf and Country Club is a 9-hole seashore course,
with good greens and fairways.   There are four tennis courts,
five bowling greens, and splendid bathing in connection with
the club.
Vancouver Golf and Country Club is an 18-hole course,
some fifteen miles from the hotel by automobile road. 1 his
course is beautifully situated.
Green fees: Shaughnessy, $1.00 per day, $2.00 Saturday,
Sunday, and holidays. Jericho, $1.00 per day, $3.00 per week.
Vancouver, $1.00 per diy, $5.00 per week, $10.00 per month.
There are a number of good tennis clubs, all with grass
courts. Members of any recognized tennis club have the
privilege of membership in the Vancouver Tennis Club, which
has eight courts and a beautiful clubhouse.
There are numerous fine bathing beaches around Vancouver,
the most easily reached of which are English Bay and Kit-
silano—both on street-car line. The scene at English Bay,
which lies at one entrance to Stanley Park, on a sunny afternoon, is one of great animation. Burrard Inlet, English Bay,
and the North Arm are excellent places also for boating.
Vancouver boasts of one of the finest yacht clubs on the
Pacific Coast, which extends a hearty welcome to members of
recognized yacht clubs. The North Arm is an ideal place for
picnics and moonlight excursions.
Sailing of any kind along the Pacific Coast is one of the
chief pleasures of the residents and is therefore easily accessible to visitors. The trip from Vancouver across the Straits
of Georgia to Nanaimo is particularly fine. Call is made at
Comox and other points. An excellent circle tour may be
made by taking a Canadian Pacific "Princess" steamer to
Victoria, the E. & N. train from Victoria to Nanaimo, thence
back to Vancouver by steamer.
Within easy reach of Vancouver there is wonderful shooting
to be had. Grouse, duck, teal, mallard, snipe, pheasants
and partridges are plentiful in season. Lulu Island, Sea Island,
the North Shore and Seymour Flats are all within an hour of
the hotel. There is no finer hunting on this continent than in
the territory reached from Vancouver. Outfits can be arranged
in the city.
It is extremely doubtful whether there is another city on the
Pacific Coast where such a Variety of fishing can be obtained.
In season, salmon, spring, cohoe and tyee, steelheads, dolly
varden, rainbow, cut-throat, and sea trout are plentiful.
Arrangements have been made by the Hotel Vancouver with
the Vancouver Fishing Association to obtain daily reports as
to the runs, and the services of an experienced fisherman can
by obtained by guests of the hotel to conduct them to the
various fishing centres. Fishing tackle, bait, and flies are
easily obtainable in the city.
[ Page Twenty-eig
VICTORIA, charmingly situated at the southern end of
Vancouver Island, overlooking the Straits of Juan de
Fuca across the blue waters to the snow-capped Olympic
Mountains on the mainland, is the Garden City of Canada.
Its delightfully mild climate makes it a favorite resort for
both summer and winter. It is the provincial capital of
British Columbia, and owing to the characteristic beauty of
its residential district has often been called "a bit of England
on the shores of the Pacific." It is distinctively a home city,
with fine roads and beautiful gardens, although its enterprising business district, composed of imposing stores and tall
office buildings, speak of a rich commerce drawn from the
fishing, lumber, and agricultural industries of Vancouver
Island. Victoria's beauty lies in its residential districts, its
boulevards, parks, public buildings, numerous bathing beaches
and semi-tropical foliage. Its Parliament buildings rank
amongst the handsomest in America.
The Empress Hotel, last in the chain of Canadian Pacific
hotels, overlooks the inner harbor, within a stone's throw of
the Parliament buildings.
One of the city's public parks, contains 154 acres laid out as
recreation grounds and pleasure gardens, fifteen minutes' walk
from hotel and included in tally-ho trip and in all sight-seeing
trips in the city. Magnificent views can be obtained from
Beacon Hill across the Straits and of Olympic Mountains.
Victoria is the seat of the British Columbia Provincial
Government. The Parliament Building is a handsome structure, overlooking the inner harbor. Adjoining it is the Provincial Museum, very complete and interesting, and containing
a large assortment of specimens of natural history, native
woods, Indian curios and prehistoric instruments. It is open
to visitors daily. The Provincial Library, in the Provincial
buildings, is one of the finest in existence. Its historical prints,
documents, and other works are of great value and interest.
Golf can be enjoyed every day of the year at Victoria. Two
18-hole and one 9-hole courses, which are very convenient,
are open to visitors. They are well kept and of fine location.
The Victoria Golf Club Links are reached in twenty minutes
by street car, and the Colwood Bay Links are reached by
E. & N. train or automobiles. Guests at the Empress Hotel
have special privileges at the Colwood Golf and Country Club.
Green fees: Victoria Golf Club, $1.50 per day, $2.50 Saturdays,
Sundays and holidays. Colwood Club, $1.00 per day, $5.00
per week. The United Services Golf Club (9 holes) is situated
on Macaulay Plains, two miles from centre of city by street
car. A new 18-hole course at Uplands will open this summer.
A charming resort, fifteen miles from city, reached by street
car or automobile. Situated on Saanich Inlet. There is a
modern country hotel, beautifully finished in Old English
style, and excellent facilities for boating, bathing, tennis,
billiards, pool, and other recreations.
Four miles from Victoria, Esquimault was for many years
Great Britain's only naval station on the Pacific Coast. The
Dock Yard has now been handed over to the Canadian
Government, and is the base on the Pacific Coast for the
Canadian and Imperial navies.
Reached by splendid auto road or interurban car, and
selected as an observatory site, owing to Vancouver Island's
equable climate. The new telescope, which has a 72-inch
reflector, has just been installed and is the largest in the world.
The observatory, in addition to being of interest itself,
commands from its site one of the finest views on the Pacific
A new National Park of 785 square miles. Reached by
the E. & N. Railway to Courtenay, or by motor highway to
upper Campbell Lake, and thence by pack train. The lakes
and streams abound with trout and salmon, and the motoring
is excellent.
The fishing and shooting in the vicinity of Victoria is of the
best—trout, salmon, pheasant, grouse, cougar, bear, deer and
moose being the prizes of the sportsman. Trout are to be had
at Prospect Lake, reached by interurban or automobile;
Shawnigan Lake, E. & N. train or auto; Cowichan Lake or
River, Koksilah River, Cameron Lake, Sproat Lake, Great
Central Lake, Campbell River, and in the waters of Strathcona
Park. There is salmon fly-fishing, also, on Cowichan River
and Campbell River and salmon trolling off Dallas Road
and Beacon Hill, Oak Bay, and Saanich Inlet. There is
excellent bird shooting and big game hunting on the island.
Arrangements have been made for a canoe trip with Indians,
running the Cowichan River from Lake Cowichan to Duncan,
a distance of twenty miles. Sportsmen should communicate
with Vancouver Island Development League, Victoria.
Considering the size of the island, there are possibly more
good motor trips radiating from Victoria than any other place
in America. The motor roads are excellent, the drives north
to Campbell River, Port Alberni, Sproat, and Great Central
Lakes being among the most spectacular in the world. Auto
owners from United States who wish to tour Vancouver Island
can bring their cars into Canada for one month without any
formalities beyond the signing of registration card at point of
entry, and if it is desired that longer stay be made, the usual
bond is easily arranged. Among the most popular trips are:
Victoria, Marine Drive, and Mount Douglas Park, 25 miles;
Little Saanich Mountain Observatory and Brentwood, 33
miles; tour of Saanich Peninsula, 45 miles; the famous Malahat
Drive to Shawnigan and Duncan, Island Highway, 41 miles;
Nanaimo, via Parksville to Cameron Lake, 40 miles, over
Alberni Summit, 57 miles; the Grand Island Highway Tour—
Victoria, Duncan, Nanaimo, Cameron Lake, Port Alberni,
Qualicum and Campbell River, and the entire Georgian Circuit International Tour, the greatest and most complete scenic
tour on the continent.
Page Twenty-nine ] VANCOUVER AND
I.    English Bay, near Vancouver.
Hotel Vancouver.
Provincial Parliamen t
Buildings, Victoria.
Big Trees, Stanley
Park, Vancouver.
Empress Hotel, Victoria.
Victoria has the largest
Telescope in the
7. Golfing  at Victoria.
8. C.   P.   R.   Steamer to
Seattle and Victoria.
I Page Thirty 1 I Page Thirty-one CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY
W. R. MacInnes Vice President in Charge of Traffic Montreal
C. E. E. Ussher. ..... Passenger Traffic Manager Montreal
W. B. Lanigan Freight Traffic Manager Montreal
Sir G. McLaren Brown, K.B.E., European General Manager.. .London, Eng.
C. B. Foster Assistant Passenger Traffic Manager Montreal
C. E. McPherson. . . .Assistant Passenger Traffic Manager Wmrlpc^-
W. G. Annable Asst. Passenger Traffic Manager, Ocean Traffic, Montreal
W. H. Snell : . . General Passenger Agent Montreal
G. A. Walton General Passenger Agent Winnipeg
H. W. Brodie General Passenger Agent Vancouver
Wm. Ballantyne General Passenger Agent, Ocean Traffic Montreal
H. G. Dring European Passenger Manager London, Eng.
Geo. C. Wells. ...... Assistant to Passenger Traffic Manager Montreal
W. C. Bowles  .Assistant Freight Traffic Manager Montreal
W. M. Kirkpatrick, M. C, Assistant Freight Traffic Manager Winnipeg
H. E. Macdonell. . . . Special Freight Traffic Representative Montreal
E. N. Todd General Foreign Freight Agent Montreal
P. E. Larmour General Freight Agent Montreal
C. E. Jefferson General Freight Agent Winnipeg
A. O. Seymour General Tourist Agent Montreal
J. O. Apps Genera] Agent Mail, Baggage and Milk Traffic, Montreal
J. M. Gibbon. . General Publicity Agent Montreal
Adelaide Aus. .Australasian United S. Nav. Co., Ltd.
Antwerp. .Belgium. . W. D. Grosset, Agent 25 Quai Jordaens
Atlanta Ga. .E.G.Chesbrougb,Gen'lAgentPass'rDept.,49N.ForsythSt.
Auckland N. Z. .Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand, Ltd.
Banff Alta. .G. D. Brophy, District Passenger Agent.
Belfast. . . .Ireland. .Wm. McCalla, Agent 41-43 Victoria Street
Birmingham. .Eng. .W. T. Treadaway, Agent 4 Victoria Square
Boston Mass. .L. R. Hart, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept 405 Boylston St.
Brandon Man. , R. Dawson, District Passenger Agent Smith Block
Brisbane Aus. .Macdonald, Hamilton & Co.
Bristol Eng. .A. S. Ray, Agent 18 St. Augustine's Parade
Brussels.. .Belgium. . C. DeMey 98 Boulevard Adolphe-Max
Buffalo N. Y. .D.R.Kennedy, Gen'l Agt. Pass'r Dept 160 Pearl St.
Calgary Alta. .J. E. Proctor, District Passenger Agent..C. P. R. Station j
Chicago  . .III. .T. J. Wall, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept., 140 South Clark St.
Christiania, Norway, Eivind Bordewick, General Agent Jernbanetorvet 4
Cincinnati. . .Ohio. .M. E. Malone, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept., 430 Walnut St. !
Cleveland. . . .Ohio. .G. B.Burpee, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept., 1040 Prospect Ave.
. W. Mcllroy, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept., 1239 Griswold St.
.D. Bertie, Traveling Passenger Agent... .Soo Line Depot
.H. H. Borthwick, Agent 88 Commercial Street
.Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand, Ltd.
.C. S. Fyfe, City Ticket Agent, 10012 Jasper Ave., East
Fort William. .Ont. .A. J. Boreham, City Passenger Agent. .404 Victoria Ave.
Glasgow..Scotland. .M. L. Duffy, Agent 25 Bothwell Street
Halifax    N. S.. . J .D. Chipman, City Passenger Agent 117 Hollis St.
Hamburg, Germany.C. F. A. Flugge, Agent Alsterdamm 24
Hamilton Ont. .A. Craig, City Pass'r Agent.... Cor. King and James St. ,
Havana Cuba. .Santamaria y Ca., San Ignacio 18.
Havre France. .J. M. Currie 2 Rue Pleuvry
Hong Kong..China. .T. R. Percy, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept.. .C. P. S. S , Ltd.
Honolulu H. I. .Theo. H. Davies & Co.
. .J. L. McCloskey, Agent.
.R. G. Norris, City Pass'r Agent.614 Ry. Exchange Bldg.
.F. E. Ryus, Agent.
.George & Branday.
Kingston Ont. .F. Conway, City Freight and Passenger Agent.
Kobe Japan. .A. M. Parker, Passenger Agent  C. P. S. S., Ltd.
Liverpool Eng. . Thos McNeil, Gen 1 Agent, Royal Lever Bldg., Pier Head
fWm. Baird, Asst. European Pass'r Mgr. \ 62-65 Charing
C. E. Jenkins, Booking Agent /Cross, S. W. 1 \
LG. Saxon Jones, City Agent. . 103 Leadenhall St., E. C. 3
London Ont. .H. J. McCallum, City Passenger Agent. .161 Dundas St.
Londonderry.. .Ire. .J. A. Grant, Age it 50 Foyle Street
Los Angeles. . .Cal. .A. A. Polhamus, Gen'lAgt. Pass'r Dept., 605 S. Spring St.
Manchester. . .Eng. .J. W. Maine, Agent 1 Mount Street
Manila P. I.  J. R. Shaw, Agent 203 Roxas Building
Detroit Mich.
Duluth Minn.
Dundee. .Scotland. .
Dunedin N. Z.
Edmonton. . .Alta.
Juneau . . . .Alaska.
Kansas City. . Mo.
Ketchikan, Alaska.
Kingston. .Jamaica.
London    Eng
Melbourne. . . .Aus. .Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand, Ltd. .Thos. Cook & Son
Milwaukee. . . .Wis. .F. T. Sansom, City Passenger Agent... .68 Wisconsin St.
Minneapolis, Minn. .A. G. Albertsen, Gen'l Agt. Pass'r Dept., 611—2d Ave., S.
Moji Japan. . Wurui Shokwai (Holme, Ringer & Co.)
iui   .,+..    i ^      /R- G- Amiot, District Passenger Agent, Windsor Station
■viontreai que.^f  c Lydon, City Pass'r Agent, 141-145 St. James Street
Moosejaw. . . .Sask. .A. C. Harris, Ticket Agent, Canadian Pacific Station.
Nagasaki. . . .Japan. .Holme, Ringer & Co.
Nelson B. C. . J. S. Carter, District Pass'r Agent. .Baker and Ward Sts.
New York. . . .N. Y. .F. R. Perry, General Agent Passenger Department,
Canadian Pacific Bldg., Madison Ave. at 44th Street
North Bay Ont. .L. O. Tremblay, Trav. Pass'r Agent. . . .87 Main St., W.
Ottawa Ont. J. A. McGill, General Agent, Passenger Dept
83 Sparks Street
Paris France ..A. V. Ciark, Agent 7 Rue Scribe
Philadelphia Pa. :R. C. Clayton, City Pass'r Agent. . . .". .629 Chestnut St.
Pittsburgh Pa. .C. L. Williams, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept., 340 Sixth Ave.
Portland Ore. .W. H. Deacon, General Agent Pass'r Dept. .55 Third St.
Prince Rupert, B. C.W. C. Orchard, General Agent.
Quebec Que. .C. A. Langevin, City Passenger Agent. . . .Palais Station
Regina Sask. .J.A. McDonald, District Passenger Agent, C.P.R. Station
Rotterdam, Holland, J. Springett. Agent 42 CooMngel
St. John N. B. .N. R. DesBrisay, District Passenger Agent.. .40 King St.
St. Louis. . . . . .Mo. .E. L. Sheehan, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept...420 Locust St.
St. Paul Minn. .B. E. Smeed, General Agent Pass'r Dept.,
Soo Line, Robert and Fourth
San Francisco.Cal. .F. L. Nason, General Agent Pass'r Dept., 675 Market St.
Saskatoon. . . . Sask. . W. E. Lovelock, City Ticket Agent 115 Second Ave.
Sault Ste. Marie, Ont., J. A. Johnston, City Passenger Agent.
Seattle Wash. .E.F.L. Sturdee, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dent., 608 Second Ave.
Shanghai. . .China. .A. H. Tessier, General Agent Pass'r Dept., C.P.S.S., Ltd.
Sherbrooke Que. .J. A. Metivier, City Passenger Agent. .74 Wellington St.
Skagway. . .Alaska. .L. H. Johnston, Agent.
Southampton.Eng. .J. Gardner 14 Canute Road
Spokane Wash. .E. L. Cardie, Traffic Manager, Spokane International Ry.
Suva Fiji. .Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand, Ltd.
Sydney Aus. .Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand, Ltd.
Tacoma Wash. .D.C. O'Keefe, City Pass'r Agent 1113 Pacific Ave.
Tft,niltfl nwT/W. B. Howard, District Pass'r Agent..\, „,„ Q+    -p,Qat
Toronto ONT\Wm. Fulton, Asst. Dist. Pass'r Agent/1 KmS st-» East
Vancouver B. C. .F. H. Daly, City Pass'r Agent 434 Hastings St., West
Victoria B. C. .L. D. Chetham, City Pass'r Agent, 1102 Government St.
Warsaw... .Poland. .H. J. Wyatt, Passenger Agent 117 Marszalkowska
. C. E. Phelps, City Pass'r Agent 1419 New York Ave.
.J. W. Dawson, District Passenger Agent,
Corner Portage Avenue and Main Street
Yokohama. .Japan. .G. E. Costello, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept.,  C.P.S.S., Ltd.
Washington.   D. C.
Winnipeg Man.
[ Page Thirty-two ]  TRANS-ATLANTIC
Regular   Services
Montreal and Quebec
To Liverpool, Glasgow, Antwerp, and Italy
St. John to Cuba and Jamaica.
(Steamers sail from St. John, N.B. in Winter)
To Yokohama - Kobe - Moji - Nagasaki
Shanghai - Manila - Hongkong
Traffic   Agents
The Department of
3 been organized to assist in settling vacant agricultural
lands and developing the latent raw resources of Canada.
4^ Million acres of choice farm lands for sale in
Western Canada.    Low prices and long terms.
Irrigated Lands in Southern Alberta on 20 year terms.
Under certain conditions loans for improvements to settlers
on irrigated lands up to $2,000.
List«of Selected Farms in Eastern Canada on hand
at all Departmental Offices.
Information on Industrial Opportunities and Business
Openings in growing towns furnished upon request
Investigations in the utilization of undeveloped natural
resources are carried on by Development Branch. Inquiries
as to promising fields invited.
Bureaus of Canadian Information with well-equipped
libraries are established at Montreal; 140 South Clark St.,
Chicago; Madison Ave. at 44th St., New York; and at
London, England.    Inquiries will be promptly dealt with.
Representatives also at Hackney Bldg., 4th and Jackson
*s., St. Paul; 202 Exchange National Bank Bldg., Spokane;
) Railway Exchange Bldg., Portland, Ore.;   299 Monad-
;k Bldg., San Francisco;   Industrial Agent, Winnipeg,
id Supt. U.S. Agencies, Calgary.
-J. S. Dennis, Chief Commissioner of Colonization and Development
iBB&L^- #■
-%kiij       nmam


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