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Eastern tours through the Canadian Pacific Rockies Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1924

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llv Canadian Pacific Hotels
Empress Hotel, Victoria, B. C.
A luxurious hotel in this Garden City of the Pacific Coast. An equable
climate has made Victoria a favorite summer and winter resort. Motoring
yachting, sea and stream fishing, shooting and all-year golf. Open all year'
European plan.   Facing wharf.
Hotel Vancouver, Vancouver, B. C.
The largest hotel on the North Pacific Coast, overlooking the Strait of
Georgia, and serving equally the business man and the tourist. Situated in the
heart of the shopping district of Vancouver. Golf, motoring, fishing, hunting
bathing, steamer excursions. Open all year. European plan. One-half mile
from station.
Hotel Sicamous, Sicamous, B. C.
Junction for the orchard districts of the Okanagan Valley, and stop-over
point for those who wish to see the Thompson and Fraser Canyons by daylight.
Lake Shuswap district offers good boating, and excellent trout fishing and hunting in season.   Open all year.   American plan.   At station.   Altitude 1,145 feet.
Glacier Hoiise, Glacier, B. C. ,
In the heart of the Selkirks. Splendid Alpine climbing and glacier exploring, driving, riding and hiking. Open June 15th to September 15th. American
plan.   1 y, miles from station.   Altitude 4,086 feet.
Emerald Lake Chalet, near Field, B. C.
A charming Chalet hotel situated at the foot of Mount Burgess, amidst the
picturesque Alpine scenery of the Yoho National Park. Roads and trails to the
Burgess Pass, Yoho Valley, etc. Boating and fishing. Open June 15th to September 15th.   American plan.   Seven miles from station.   Altitude 4,262 feet.
Chateau Lake Louise, Lake Louise, Alberta
A wonderful hotel facing an exquisite Alpine Lake in Rocky Mountains
National Park. Alpine climbing with Swiss guides, pony trips or walks to Lakes
in the Clouds, Saddleback, etc., drives or motoring to Moraine Lake, boating,
fishing. Open June 1st to September 30th. European plan. 3y miles from
station by motor railway.   Altitude 5,670 feet.
Banff Springs Hotel, Banff, Alberta
A magnificent hotel in the heart of the Rocky Mountains National Park,
backed by three splendid mountain ranges. Alpine climbing, motoring and
drives on good roads, bathing, hot sulphur springs, golf, tennis, fishing, boating
and riding. Open May 15th to September 30th. European plan. iy miles
from station.   Altitude 4,625 feet.
Hotel Palliser, Calgary, Alberta
A handsome hotel of metropolitan standard, in this prosperous city of Southern
Alberta. Suited equally to the business man and the tourist en route to or from
the Canadian Pacific Rockies. Good golfing and motoring. Open all year.
European plan.   At station.
Royal Alexandra Hotel, Winnipeg, Manitoba
A popular hotel in the largest city of Western Canada, appealing to those
who wish to break their transcontinental journey. The centre of Winnipeg's
social life. Good golfing and motoring. Open all year. European plan. At
Place Viger Hotel, A charming hotel in Canada's largest city.   Open
Montreal, Quebec all year.
Chateau Frontenac, A metropolitan hotel in the most historic city
Quebec, Quebec of North America.   Open all year.
McAdam Hotel, A commercial and sportsman's hotel.    Open all
McAdam, N. B. year.
The Algonquin, The social centre of Canada's most fashionable
St. Andrews, N. B. seashore   summer  resort.     Open  June   28th  to
September 6th.
Moraine Lake, Alta Moraine Lake Camp
n«««- w:_,!_..-,«».« 1 Storm Mountain Bungalow Camp
^SS^SSh! Swflv        r Vermilion River Camp
Automobile Highway      J m Sinclair Hot Springs Camp
Hector, B. C Wapta Camp
Hector, B. C Lake O'Hara Camp
Field, B. C  Yoho Valley Camp
Lake Windermere, B. C : Lake Windermere Camp
Penticton, B. C , Hotel Incola   »
Cameron Lake, B. C. Cameron Lake Chalet
Strathcona Lodge, B. C.. ., Strathcona Lodge
Kenora, Ont  r*.~ Devil's Gap Camp
Nipigon, Ont *... . Nipigon River Camp
French River, Ont V.French River Camp
Digby, N. S The Pines
Kentville, N. S Cornwallis Inn &m
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Victoria, British Columbia—the Evergreen
City of Canada. On the left, the Empress
Hotel; on the right, Parliament Buildings
and Inner Harbor. Inset—Hotel Vancouver, Vancouver.
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Page One
TTHE discovery of a route for the Canadian
Pacific Railway across the Rockies took
twelve years, but never was labor better rewarded.
The last spike connecting East and West was
driven on November 7, 1885, and the millions
who have since travelled along this wonderful
highway, cut out of the precipitous cliffs1 of the
Fraser Canyon, winding under the snow-capped
peaks of three vast ranges, crossing and recross-
ing foaming torrents deep down below—these
millions have one unanimous thought, that for
sheer grandeur the route of the Canadian Pacific
Railway is without rival.
It takes twenty-four consecutive hours on an
express train to cross the Canadian Pacific Rockies.
The wise man breaks his journey so that he can
see it all by daylight, and to assist this praiseworthy intention the Canadian Pacific has constructed mountain hotels and rustic bungalow
camps at convenient points along the line, where
one may rest and perhaps spend some time exploring among the glaciers, riding on sure-footed
ponies on the mountain trails, or climbing with
experienced Swiss guides the peaks which challenge one's skill and courage.
After the Rockies come 900 miles of prairie—
fertile farming land, producing the finest milling
wheat in the world. Then a thousand miles of
romantic forest and stream and rock; or, if you
choose to vary the rail journey, you can take ship
at Fort William across the Great Lakes ajnd pass
through Sault Ste. Marie to Lake Hurjon and
eastern Ontario. Toronto, within easy reach of
Niagara Falls: Ottawa,the capital of the Dominion : Montreal, under the shadow of Mount Royal:
Quebec, the fortress city commanding |the St.
Lawrence—these are surely not to be palssed by
too quickly. Here we are on historic grpund, of
real interest to Americans as well as Canadians.
For Quebec, in the old French Canadian days,
and even later under the British flag, held sway
over the great country south of the Great Lakes,
with outposts on the Mississippi.
A stop-over of at least one day at each of the Canadian
Pacific hotels in the mountains—Glacier House, Emerald
Lake Chalet,  Chateau  Lake Louise   and   Banff  Springs
All these are on
Hotel—should be arranged if possible,
the main transcontinental line.
Travelling through the Canadian Pacific Rockies during
the summer is particularly delightful, because of the comparatively cool summer temperature in the mountains
north of the international boundary line.
DASSENGERS from California have the choice
of either a rail trip or a sea voyage, at slight
additional cost, from San Francisco to Portland
or Seattle.
To Victoria and Vancouver, from Seattle, the
Canadian Pacific Railway operates the magnificent "Princess" steamers. The fastest and best equipped
on the Pacific coastwise trade, these have an average speed
of eighteen knots per hour, and are in constant touch by
wireless with land stations en route. This is the most
enjoyable 165-mile sheltered water trip in America, and
passengers travelling eastward from California or points in
the Pacific States via the Canadian Pacific Railway may
include this delightful voyage without additional expense.
The scenery is of ever-changing beauty.
^HARMINGLY situated on Vancouver Island,
overlooking the Straits of Juan de Fuca,
Victoria has been aptly described as being a
transported section of Old England. It is distinctly a home city, although its enterprising
business district, composed of imposing stores and
tall office buildings, speaks of a rich commerce
drawn from a territory full of forest, mineral and
agricultural resources. Victoria's beauty lies in
her residential districts, her boulevards, her parks
and her public buildings. The Parliament buildings of British Columbia rank among the handsomest in America.
The Empress Hotel, first of the chain of Canadian Pacific
hostelries, is the most beautiful hotel on the North Pacific
Coast. It overlooks the inner harbor and is within a
stone's throw of the Parliament buildings. Golf facilities
on five fine courses are available for visitors to the hotel.
From Victoria delightful excursions may be made into
the interior of Vancouver Island, either by automobile or
by the Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway. The Malahat
Drive is one of the most picturesque motor roads in
America. Excellent hotels are to be found at Shawnigan
Lake and Qualicum Beach, and a delightful little chalet
inn at Cameron Lake. Mount Arrowsmith provides a very
interesting climb, and Qualicum Beach has a good sporting
golf course.   There is no better fishing on the Pacific Coast
than that which one finds on the Campbell River, reached
by motor from Courtenay, the northern terminus of the
Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway. The immense Douglas
fir forests on this beautiful island and the balmy climate
make it wonderfully attractive to the tourist.
T*HE terminal of the Canadian Pacific's transcontinental   rail   lines  and its   trans-Pacific
steamship routes, Vancouver is the largest commercial centre in British Columbia.
Vancouver rests on the shores of Burrard Inlet,
and has an excellent harbor nearly landlocked
and fully sheltered. It faces a beautiful range of
mountains. Two peaks, silhouetted against the
sky, remarkably resembling two couchant lions,
are visible from almost any point in the city or
on the harbor, which has been appropriately
termed "The Lions' Gate."
The Hotel Vancouver, a Canadian Pacific hotel, is the
leading hotel of the North Pacific Coast, and has a high
reputation for the excellence of its service. Wonderful
views can be obtained from the roof.
In and around Vancouver are immense lumber and
$hingle mills, having big payrolls and tremendous output.
Mining, lumbering, farming, shipping and shipbuilding
form the bulwark of the city's growth and prosperity.
All kinds of water sports are possible at Vancouver, and
are encouraged by a mild climate and extensive bodies
of water. There are many bathing beaches, parks, boulevards, automobile roads and paved streets. Stanley Park
is practically a primeval forest situated within the city
It is only a short run by Canadian Pacific steamer to
Nanaimo, where the Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway connects with the beauty spots of Vancouver Island.
From Vancouver the company's famous "Princess"
steamers offer splendid service to Victoria, Seattle, northern British Columbia, and Alaska. Canadian Pacific
Empress steamships cross the Pacific to Japan, China and
Manila. The two new vessels, "Empress of Canada" and
"Empress of Australia," are the largest, newest, finest and
fastest steamships on the Pacific Ocean. The Canadian-
Australasian Line runs regularly from Vancouver to Honolulu, Suva (Fiji), New Zealand and Australia.
"THREE transcontinental trains a day are operated   over  the Canadian  Pacific  from   Vancouver—and in the summer months a third, the
Trans-Canada Limited.    This is the fastest long-  distance train of the American continent, and
makes the run to Toronto in 86 hours and to
Montreal in 90 hours. 11 is an exclusive all-sleeping car train, carrying standard and compartment sleepers, observation car and dining car.
yo excess fare.
The other three trains are the Imperial, to
Montreal, the Toronto Express, and the Soo-
Pacific Express to Minneapolis, St. Paul and
WINDING along for 500 miles east of Va
couver, the main line of the Canadian Paci
leads through scenery such as can be found
nowhere else on earth. Crossing at first a pleasant meadow-like country, a few miles' out of
Vancouver the steel trail begins to twist and turn
its way through a gigantic fairyland or unbelievable beauty and magnificence. Stupendous
masses of rock, piled to the sky and crowned
with snow, mark the beginning of the canyons.
l_IOPE is the junction for the Kettle Valley Railway, a
new branch line to the orchards of the southern
Okanagan Valley and the Kootenays, to Nelson and the
mining districts of southern British Columbia, and to the
prairies of southern Alberta, thus providing an interesting
alternative route to the main line. After leaving Hope,
the railway passes through a spectacular series of tunnels
pierced through high cliffs overlooking the deep canyon
of the Coquihalla River. There is good trout fishing all
the way up the river to Summit, which has an elevation
of about 3,300 feet above sea level.
Penticton, at the lower end of Okanagan Lake, is halfway house to Nelson, and as such has an excellent
hotel, the Incola. The balmy, equable climatp of the
lower Okanagan Valley, the excellent motoring, the
delightful bathing, the opportunities for motorboating,
sailing, fishing, and, at the proper seasons, for hunting,
combine to make this an ideal holiday resort. Penticton
is in the centre of one of the most fertile orchard districts
in British Columbia, and is also the southern terminus of
the Canadian Pacific steamers plying on the Okanagan
Lake; the northern terminus being Okanagan Landing,
which has excellent train service through Vernon to
Sicamous, on the main line of the Canadian Pacific Railway.
From Penticton the railway climbs up through the
benches to a height which commands a magnificent view
of Okanagan Lake.   After the junction is made with the
Canadian Pacific Railway at Midway, the train passes by
lake and mountain till the beautiful defile of the Columbia
River is reached. The train reaches Nelson in the evening
and though the boat for the East does not leave till next
morning, one can go straight on board to one's comfortable
VJ27HEN we leave Hope on the main line we
enter the canyons in earnest. This country
is second in spectacular scenery only to the
Rockies themselves, and the traveller is well
repaid if he makes this journey by daylight,
staying over at Sicamous at night so that he can
continue through the Selkirks and the Rockies
by day. The gorge draws together as the train
winds along ledges cut on its face; the track, following the river at often a considerable height
above it, and hewn from solid rock, not only
crosses from side to side in the canyon, but also
tunnels through great rock spans; while below
the Fraser River foams and roars.
Just before reaching North Bend is the famous "Hell's
Gate," where two jutting promontories suddenly compress
the river and force it to escape in a roaring cataract through
a bottle-necked outlet. At Lytton we bid farewell to the
Fraser, the chief river of British Columbia, which has
come down from the north between two great lines of
mountain peaks. We parallel instead the Thompson, its
principal tributary, whose bright green waters are a remarkable contrast to the Fraser's turbid flood. Kamloops
is in the centre of an orchard country, at the confluence
of the two branches of the Thompson.
At Sicamous, the traveller may take the branch
line train to Vernon and other points in the fertile
fruit-growing Okanagan Valley. At this point the
Canadian Pacific has a comfortable hotel, which
forms excellent headquarters for those who wish
to stay over for the daylight trip through the
TTHE main line of the Canadian Pacific traverses
or adjoins four of the magnificent National
Parks of Canada—Mount Revelstoke Park,
Glacier Park, one of the finest mountain-climbing
regions of North America, Yoho Park, centring
at Field, and Rocky Mountains Park, the chief
centres of which are Lake Louise and Banff.
These National Parks have every kind of induce
ment to offer the nature lover. Two other parks
can be reached from the Canadian Pacific—
Kootenay Park, which cuts wedge-shape into
Rocky Mountains Park, and is traversed by the
Banff-Windermere automobile highway, which
turns off south opposite Castle Mountain, half
way between Banff and Lake Louise; and Water-
ton Lakes Park, in southern Alberta.
From Revelstoke the line passes through Twin
Butte to Albert Canyon. Just east of the station
the train runs suddenly along the very brink of
several remarkably deep fissures in the solid rock,
whose walls rise straight up hundreds of feet on
both sides to wooded crags, above which sharp
distant peaks cut the sky. The most impressive of these canyons is the Albert, where the
river is seen nearly one hundred and fifty feet
below the railway.
TN THE Canadian Pacific Rockies, between
' Vancouver and Calgary, are five beautiful
Canadian Pacific hotels, which provide ideal
accommodation for the visitor to the mountains.
Some of them, indeed, are world-famous. In
each case their location is magnificent, for their
windows look out upon a fairyland of mountains, glaciers, lakes and primeval forests. The
hotels vary in size, the largest being the well-
known Banff Springs Hotel at Banff. Lake
Louise has its luxurious caravanserai in the
Chateau Lake Louise. At Glacier is the picturesque Glacier House, a favorite with mountain climbers from all over the continent.
Emerald Lake Chalet, which is reached from
Field, is a delightful place; in addition to the
accommodation at the Chalet itself, there is
now bungalow camp accommodation at one
and two-room chalets. Sicamous, at the junction of the Okanagan Valley line, has a charming
little hotel.
TN THE Canadian Pacific Rockies there have
now been established nine of the Bungalow
Camps with which hotel accommodation in the    *p
mountains is supplemented. These camps are
located at Lake Wapta, near the Great Divide;
at Takakkaw Falls, in the Yoho Valley ;|at Lake4
O'Hara; at Emftrald Lake; at Moraine Lake,
near Lake Louise; and at Lake Windermere, in
the Columbia Valley. Three more are situated
along the new Banff-Windermere road at Storm
Mountain, Vermilion River, and Sinclair Hot
Springs. Rest houses are to be found at several
other points, serving meals and in some cases
providing limited accommodation for the night,
and acting as halts in long excursions.
The accommodation provided at these bungalow camps is of a nature that particularly
appeals to the climber, the hiker, the trail rider
or the artist. It consists of sleeping accommodations in small log bungalows, clustering
around a central community building in which
is an attractive dining and lounging room.
The camps are, of course, much less formal
than the bungalow hotels, and very much
favored by people who prefer to be where there
is a quiet, peaceful atmosphere. The charges
at the camps are $5.50 per day, American plan.
"^"EAR the summit of Selkirk Range lies
* ^ Glacier, in the midst of a region of
mighty peaks and glaciers. Here, in Glacier
National Park, a magnificent mountain area of
austerity and high isolation, the Canadian Pacific
has another mountain hotel, the ever popular
Glacier House. Seemingly only a few hundred
feet away from the hotel, but in reality more
than two miles, the massive ice piles of t{ie great
lllecillewaet Glacier heap up. To its left towers
the monolith of Mount Sir Donald to a height
of a mile and a quarter above the railway.
Glacier is one of the favorite climbing] centres
of the Canadian Pacific Rockies, and tne wide
sweep of peaks, glaciers and snow fields that the
eye comprehends from the hotel is of extraordinary majesty.
Leading from the hotel a good trail follows the turbulent course of the lllecillewaet River to the lllecillewaet
Glacier: other trails branch off in all directions, inviting
and leading the mountain-climber, explorer and lover of
Nature to scenes of marvellous grandeur and enchanting
beauty. Glacier Crest, Lake Marion and Observation
Point are among the shorter and easier ascents. Mount
Abbott is a day's climb but not a difficult one. From its
summit an exceptionally fine view is obtained of the
Asulkan Valley. Easy trails also lead up to the summits
of Eagle Peak and Mount Avalanche. The ascent of
Mount Sir Donald is more difficult, but with the assistance of experienced guides may readily be accomplished.
An excellent trail leads to the Asulkan Glacier, through
scenes of Apline splendor, and the remarkable Nakimu
Caves are distant only about seven miles from Glacier
House by carriage road and bridle path. These wonderful
caverns, said to be larger than the Mammoth Caves of
Kentucky, have been formed partly by the action of water
for ages upon the solid rock, partly by seismic disturbances,
and constitute a series of chambers with large entrances,
polished rock ceilings, and walls which sparkle with quartz
crystals and reflect myriads of miniature lights. A log
cabin rest house has been established here by the Canadian Pacific.
After leaving Glacier Station the train enters
the double-track Connaught Tunnel, the longest
tunnel in North America, which pierces its way
through Mount MacDonald. From portal to
portal this tunnel measures five miles, but so
straight is the line that the exits are never out
of sight.
TTHE train now descends the eastern slopes of
the Selkirks into the upper Columbia Valley,
where, at Golden, a branch line runs south to the
lovely Lake Windermere district, with its newly
settled farms and orchards. Access to a wonderful hunting and Alpine climbing region is obtained
from this great valley. (See page 16.) Near Golden
is Edelweiss, in which the Swiss guides attached
to the Canadian Pacific hotels have their farms
and homes.
At Lake Windermere, south of Golden, a bungalow
summer camp is situated on the shores of one of the
loveliest warm-water lakes in British Columbia, with every
facility for bathing, boating, riding and motoring in a
country of exceptional beauty. On the Banff-Windermere
motor road are three smaller bungalow camps to accommodate the large number of automobilists who now take
this, the most spectacular long distance ride of the continent.
Page Eight
pi ELD is the junction for Emerald Lake Chalet
(7 miles), situated on the shores of one of the
most beautiful mountain lakes in Canada.
Emerald Lake is reached from Field by a good carriage
road down the bank of the Kicking Horse River, and
thence around the base of Mount Burgess. On the wooded
shore of this beautiful lake the Canadian Pacific has built
a picturesque and cosy chalet, which with the addition of
a club house and some charming one and two-room bungalow chalets, has now been greatly extended in size.
It is an extremely beautiful eleven-mile drive from
Field to the celebrated Takakkaw Falls, in the Yoho
Valley, a silver thread of glacial origin dropping 1,200 feet
into a still, mighty-treed valley. Yoho Valley Camp, a
bungalow camp with accommodations for twenty-eight, is
situated facing Takakkaw Falls. A trail continues up the
valley past Laughing Falls and the great Wapta Glacier,
to the curious Twin Falls, two immense jets of spray that
unite in mid-air. The Yoho trail leads to a point above the
falls from which a wonderful view may be obtained. The
Takakkaw Falls can be reached also from Emerald Lake,
by an excellent trail which leads up through forests to the
Yoho Pass. Summit Lake, a small but beautifully colored
lake, with a rest house where luncheon is served, is passed,
and thence descent is made into the Yoho Valley. Other
pleasant excursions may be made to points of interest
within a short distance of Field—such as the Fossil Beds,
the Natural Bridge, and the Ottertail Range.
An attractive two-day riding trip can be made starting
from Emerald Lake Chalet, spending a night at the Yoho
Valley Camp, and continuing next day to Wapta Camp.
COR the convenience of those who wish to visit the exquisitely beautiful Lake O'Hara or to ride into the Yoho
Valley from its eastern entrance, a bungalow camp has
been established on Lake Wapta, with accommodation for
fifty people. The rates are moderate. The station for the
camp is at Hector, twelve miles east of Field. Two other
camps are reached from Wapta Camp—Yoho Valley
Camp, in the Yoho Valley, and Lake O'Hara Camp, to
the south.
CROM Field to the Great Divide, a distance
of 14 miles, the railway ascends nearly a quarter of a mile. Formerly this section, with a
gradient of 4.5 per cent, was extremely difficult
to operate, but by the construction of two tunnels
the length of the line was increased sufficiently to
permit of reducing this gradient to 2.2 per cent.
These are the "Spiral Tunnels" under Cathedral     TERN    TOURS
Mountain and Mount Ogden. Through them
the railway turns two complete circles, roughly
in the form of a figure eight, passing under itself
twice and emerging from this figure over 100
feet higher than it entered it.
ETOURTEEN miles east of Field is the Great Divide, at
once the highest elevation of the Canadian Pacific, the
boundary between British Columbia and Alberta, and the
very backbone of the continent. Marked by a rustic arch,
a stream of water divides into two brooks that have vastly
different fates. The waters that flow to the west eventually reach the Pacific Ocean; the rivulet that runs east
adds its mite to the volume of the Atlantic.
[ AKE LOUISE bears the liquid music, the soft
color notes of its name, into the realm of the
visible. Behind its turquoise mirror rise the stark
immensities of Mounts Lefroy and Victoria, the
latter "the big snow mountain above the Lake
of Little Fishes," of which the wandering Stony
Indians used to tell. Here, on the margin of this
most perfect lake, the Canadian Pacific has placed
its Chateau in one of those wonderful Alpine
flower gardens in which the Rockies abound.
Yellow violets and columbines, white anemones
and green orchids, make merry with the red-
flowered sheep laurel and the bright Iceland
poppy. Be he ever so lazy, the tourist has something to reward him in this gay garden backed
with the rich-toned lake and the milky green of
the glacier.   One writer says:
"In the lake, ever changing, is Beauty herself,
as nearly visible to mortal eyes as she may ever
be. The water, beyond the flowers, is green,
always a different green. Then a little wind
awakes in the distance and ruffles the surface,
yard by yard, covering it with a myriad of tiny
wrinkles, till the lake is milky emerald while the
rest still sleeps. And at length the whole is astir
and the sun catches it and Lake Louise is a web
of laughter, the opal distillation of all the buds
of all the Spring."
T7ROM Lake Louise (altitude, 5,670 feet) good trails lead
*    to the principal features of interest in the vicinity.   It is
an easy ascent to Mirror Lake (altitude, 6,550 feet) and
Lake Agnes (altitude, 6,875 feet) which literally nestle
amid the clouds, encircled by majestic peaks. The trail
continues to the Big Beehive, commanding magnificent
views of mountains, lakes and glaciers. It is a three-mile
trip to Saddleback Mountain, which affords an admirable
view of the lovely Paradise Valley and has a delightful
little rest and tea house on its summit. At a distance of
about ten miles is Moraine Lake, situated at the head of
the Valley of the Ten Peaks, and reached over a good
carriage road. On the shore of the lake, in the midst of
scenic surroundings of surpassing beauty and grandeur, is
Moraine Lake Camp. Consolation Lake, about three
miles further by trail, provides good trout fishing. The
Victoria Glacier, a great palisade of hanging snow, Abbott
Pass, a deep canyon between Mounts Victoria and Lefroy,
Paradise Valley and the Ptarmigan Lakes, are among the
notable spots well worthy of a visit. The new Upper
Glacier Trail to Victoria Glacier is of exceptional interest
and beauty. An Alpine hut has been built at Abbott Pass,
so as to enable climbers to spend the night and view the
magnificent panorama of Alps at sunrise.
t70R many years Banff, the gateway to Rocky
Mountains National Park, has attracted tourists and lovers of Nature from all corners of the
earth. Situated in the heart of the Canadian
Pacific Rockies, in the midst of primeval surroundings, with a wilderness of magnificent
peaks, with good roads and trails radiating in
every direction, it bids the photographer, the
naturalist, and the mountain-climber welcome.
The traveller seeking a holiday can find all his
wants supplied at the finest mountain hotel in
the world, the Canadian Pacific Banff Springs
Hotel. Sulphur springs and bathing pools, also
an excellent golf course and tennis court, form
some of the many attractions at this resort.
HTHERE are many interesting spots in the vicinity, all
A easily accessible by good carriage roads and bridle
paths. A short distance from Banff Springs Hotel are the
Bow Falls, a cataract of wonderful beauty; Tunnel Mountain, from which a splendid view of the valley is obtained,
and the Cave and Basin, a remarkable formation from
which gush natural sulphur springs. Within a radius of
three miles are the Hoodoos, natural concrete pillars of
various shapes and sizes, Cascade Mountain, Stoney Squaw
Mountain, the beautiful Vermilion Lakes, the Buffalo
Park, Sundance Canyon, a deep and curious cleft in
the mountain; and  the upper Hot Springs,  on Sulphur
Mountain. At a distance of eight miles is Lake Minnewanka,
a beautiful sheet of water, sixteen miles long, extremely
deep, and walled in by tremendous cliffs, and the home of
huge fighting trout. A wonderful river trip up the Bow
can be made by electric launch. There are attractive
automobile trips, as for instance, to Johnston Canyon, on
the road to Lake Louise. Good climbing for both amateur
and experienced Alpinists can be obtained around Banff.
For those desiring to get close to Nature there are a variety
of fine pony trips, such as to the Spray or Kananaskis
Lakes or to Mount Assiniboine.
The new Banff-Windermere automobile highway on
the Vermilion Pass has now made it easy to visit the
exquisitely beautiful Marble Canyon. This road has
opened up a magnificent Alpine country hitherto known
only to the trapper and the hunter, through eighty miles
of pass and canyon. At Lake Windermere there is a
rustic bungalow camp with accommodation for fifty
people. Three new bungalow camps have also been established on this automobile road, namely at Storm
Mountain, Vermilion River and Sinclair Hot Springs.
Lake Windermere can also be reached by rail from Golden.
D ANFF is on the eastern slope of the Canadian
Pacific Rockies; from it we are fairly on our
way down the long descent to the prairies.
Winding through narrow passes, eroded in the
great, gray bulk of the last ranges, the railway
follows the ancient glacier-grooved Bow Valley.
Presently the mountains smooth themselves out
into rolling, grassy foothills; these again flatten
out still more, and at Calgary we are truly on
the prairies.
But take a farewell of the mountains—look
behind for that last, and perhaps most dramatic,
glimpse of a far-flung line of blue, hung among
the clouds and quivering in the warm summer
air, as sharp as a knife blade! It is a sight never
to be forgotten.
A FTER leaving Banff, the country begins to
^change its character somewhat. Instead of
viewing a sea of mountain peaks and snowcapped ranges, grassy, rolling foothills succeed,
and prosperous ranches and farms are spread
out on either side of the track. Soon we reach
Calgary, the largest city in the fertile and prosperous Province of Alberta. m EASTERN    TOURS    through
At Calgary the Canadian Pacific Railway operates
another immense hotel, the Hotel Palliser, undoubtedly
the most imposing structure in the city. Externally the
building is French renaissance. It comprises ten floors,
with a roof garden and sun parlor, from which a magnificent view of the snow-capped Rockies can be obtained.
Calgary is the headquarters of the great irrigation
system of the Canadian Pacific Railway. This is the
largest undertaking of its kind in America and is well
worth a visit. From Calgary a branch line runs to Edmonton, the capital of Alberta.
Medicine Hat, called by Kipling "the town
that was born lucky," is famous for its natural
gas, the low price of which has attracted many
industries to this city.
DY LEAVING the main line of the Canadian Pacific at
*"* Revelstoke, travellers can obtain a delightful alternative route to Medicine Hat, via Arrowhead, at the
head of the beautiful Arrow Lakes, by steamer to West
Robson, thence by rail to Nelson, where steamer is again
taken on the charming Kootenay Lake to Kootenay
Landing, connecting with the Crowsnest Pass Branch of
the Canadian Pacific Railway.
From Kootenay Landing to Medicine Hat the route
leads through the rich mining regions of the Kootenay
and the vast agricultural districts of Southern Alberta,
via the Crowsnest Branch of the Canadian Pacific Railway.
17ROM Spokane and Kingsgate one may join the Crows-
nest Pass line of the Canadian Pacific at Yahk, and
thence travel eastward to Medicine Hat. Or at Yahk one
may turn west and travel via Kootenay Lake, Nelson,
West Robson and the Arrow Lakes, joining the main line
at Revelstoke.
A NEW alternative route of exceptional beauty leaves
the main line at Golden and goes south through the
valley lying between the Rockies and the Selkirk Mountains to join the Crowsnest Branch at Colvalli. The Lake
Windermere Camp is a centre in this valley for excursions
up Toby Creek and Horse Thief Creek to the great ice fields
of the Selkirks, notably the Lake of the Hanging Glaciers,
where eight distinct glaciers empty into one Alpine Lake;
there is also a bungalow camp at Lake Windermere (See
page 8). There are curative hot springs at Sinclair and
C"ROM Medicine Hat easterly, the main line of travel
*    includes Swift Current, Moose Jaw, Regina, Brandon
and Winnipeg.   At Moose Jaw the traveller has the choice
of going via St. Paul and Minneapolis and Chicago, or via
St. Paul and Sault Ste. Marie, travelling in each case over
the Soo Line. If desired, tickets will be routed via Winnipeg and St. Paul. Certain tickets allow stop-over privileges
at all the principal cities on the direct route [in Canada,
and the option of at least two different routes, but routes
must be selected prior to purchasing ticket.
CITUATED at the confluence of the Red and
the Assiniboine rivers, Winnipeg handles
more wheat than any other port on the North
American Continent. It is the capital of the
Province of Manitoba. Formerly it was the
Hudson Bay Company's chief trading post, Fort
Garry. The Canadian Pacific Railway has a
magnificent hotel at Winnipeg, the Royal Alexandra.
A network of rail lines connects Winnipeg with all parts
of the continent. Here the Canadian Pacific Railway has
the largest individual railway yards in the world, one of
which has 183 miles of trackage. From Winnipeg one
branch line of the Canadian Pacific Railway runs south,
connecting at Emerson with the service of the Soo Line
to Minneapolis, St. Paul and Chicago. A through train
is operated between Winnipeg and the Twin Cities.
Leaving the Province of Manitoba at Telford,
the Lake of the Woods district in Ontario is
entered, where flour mills, pulp mills and sawmills are in operation day and night. At Kenora,
on Lake of the Woods, is a delightful bungalow
camp, affording excellent fishing amidst the
densely wooded scenery of this popular region.
The camp, which was established last year by
the Canadian Pacific, consists of picturesque
small chalets clustering round the main club
building. The prairies are left behind and the
traveller passes through a picturesque region of
forests, lakes, rivers, rocks and ravines to Fort
William and Port Arthur, at the head of the
Great Lakes.
pORT WILLIAM is situated at the mouth of
the Kaministiquia River, a broad, deep stream,
with firm banks, affording extraordinary advantages for lake traffic.
HTHE magnificent lake steamships of the Canadian Pacific
ply between here and Port McNicoll and Owen Sound,
thus giving the tourist practically a water route to Toronto.
Page Sixteen
By boarding a steamer the traveller may travel down the
Kaministiquia River, passing Port Arthur on Thunder
Bay, thence across the bay and rounding Thunder Cape,
directly across Lake Superior to Sault Ste. Marie, with
its famous canal. From here the route followed is across
Lake Huron and Georgian Bay to Port McNicoll or Owen
Sound, where a transfer to the Toronto train is made. This
two-day journey across the Great Lakes, with their cool
breezes and delightful scenery, makes a very agreeable
summer variation to the railway journey. The steamships
"Assiniboia," "Keewatin" and "Manitoba," which perform
the service, are large, modern vessels with every comfort.
FOLLOWING on by the main line, at Nipigon,
situated at the mouth of the Nipigon River,
fishermen from many, many miles gather yearly
to capture the speckled trout, averaging from
three to eight pounds. At Nipigon will be found
another Bungalow Camp, with a capacity of
fifty, similar in style to that at Kenora. From
it fishermen can explore the upper reaches of the
Nipigon River.
Sudbury is the junction point, where the main line of
the Canadian Pacific to Toronto leaves the main line to
Montreal. This gives the third optional route from Winnipeg to Montreal—direct via the main line, via Toronto
from Sudbury, or via the Great Lakes steamship route to
Port McNicoll or Owen Sound. Within a few miles of
Sudbury are the most extensive copper and nickel deposits
known in the world.
AT SUDBURY the Soo Line—which enters
Canada on an immense steel bridge at Sault
Ste. Marie and follows the north shore of Lake
Huron—joins the main line. Through trains,
having every modern improvement, are operated
via this route from Minneapolis and St. Paul
to Montreal. Connection is also made at Sault
Ste. Marie with trains from Duluth.
WflTH 520,000 inhabitants, Toronto is the
W capital and chief city of the prosperous Province of Ontario, and is growing rapidly in population, wealth and industry. Beautifully situated
on the shore of Lake Ontario, its inhabitants
have an affectionate name for it in "The Queen
City." It is noted for its beautiful residential
districts, its high buildings, its well-lighted paved
streets, spacious parks, excellent boulevards and
also for its Fair, attended each year by over one
million visitors. The Canadian Pacific Railway's
office building here is one of the landmarks of
the city.
From Toronto there are many short and very interesting trips by either rail or water to pleasure resorts and
places of picturesque and historical interest, such as to
Hamilton and Niagara Falls.
Those who make their eastbound journey by way of
Toronto have the choice of two Canadian Pacific routes to
Montreal—one by the Lake Ontario Shore Line, the other
via Peterboro. Tickets between Toronto and Montreal
will be honored via Ottawa if desired.
TTHE capital of the Dominion is picturesquely
situated at the junction of the Rideau and
Ottawa rivers. Here is the meeting place of the
House of Commons and the Senate, and the
headquarters of the Government administrative
departments. The residence of His Excellency
the Governor-General—Rideau Hall—is within
the city limits. Very inspiring are the great
Parliament buildings, which have been reconstructed after their destruction by fire in 1916.
A beautiful park and excellent motor roads make
Ottawa a very attractive city for resident or
I7AST trains connect Toronto and Ottawa with
* Montreal, the largest city of Canada and the
second largest port of North America. Montreal
has a population of 900,000 and is headquarters
for the Canadian Pacific Railway. From Mount
Royal, after which the city was named, Montreal
appears spread out like an immense relief map.
One may spend hours on the summit of this
mountain gazing on the magnificent panorama
of the city and the St. Lawrence River. The
Canadian Pacific Place Viger Hotel is one of the
city's best.
There are many sights to visit in Montreal—
the magnificent Notre Dame Church, the interesting Notre Dame de Bonsecours, McGill University, Mount Royal, the old historic Chateau
de Ramezay, beautiful parks, charming suburbs,
the docks, the French section, and so on—
enough to keep one occupied for days.
Three routes from Montreal to New York present themselves—by way of Lakes Champlain and George and the
Hudson River: an all-rail route through the Adirondacks,
through the State of Vermont: or another along the shore
of Lake Champlain.
Those en route to Portland, Me., or Boston, Mass., may
travel through the interesting White Mountains to their
destination on the Atlantic Coast, via the Canadian Pacific
and its connections from Montreal.
I7ROM Montreal it is but a few hours' ride over
the Canadian Pacific Railway to Quebec,
which, with its old-time walled city, its Chateau
Frontenac, the superb Canadian Pacific hotel,
its French-speaking population, crooked streets,
and its enchanting atmosphere, is easily the
most romantic place in Canada. The Chateau
Frontenac, on the site of the old Chateau St.
Louis, is a modern hotel built on the pattern of
an old chateau, commanding magnificent views
of the great St. Lawrence River.
Quebec was the scene of the great Battle of the Heights
of Abraham of I 759, by which Canada passed from French
to British rule, and it is full of reminders of the past. It
was founded as long ago as 1608 by Samuel de Champlain,
and for 1 50 years thereafter was the headquarters of French
rule in North America. Many famous names are interwoven with its fascinating history.
CCENERY made up of wooded hills, well-kept
farming districts, and country filled with
charming lakes, forests and streams is to be seen
on both sides of the track in travelling from
Montreal to St. John and Halifax, or any of the
other pretty cities or towns of the Maritime Provinces. St. John and Halifax are both busy,
progressive seaports.
St. Andrews-by-the-Sea, New Brunswick, is the
leading fashionable seashore and golfing resort of
Page Eighteen
Canada. Here the Canadian Pacific has built an
attractive summer hotel, the Algonquin, much
frequented by Americans as well as by the leaders
in Canadian society. It has one of the best seaside golf courses in North America.
A CROSS the Bay of Fundy from St. John,
New Brunswick, lies the historic coast of
Nova Scotia, so full of romance, so beautiful to
the eye that the hearts of those who visit it are
kept in a perpetual enchantment. Digby and
the little fishing villages on this coast of giant
tides, Annapolis Royal, with memories of Champlain and the first adventurous explorers from
Old France, the orchard and dairy land of the
Annapolis Valley, Evangeline's country of Grand
Pre and Blomidon, and Minas Basin, the scene
of the expulsion of the Acadians—these have a
charm that well might draw the traveller across
the continent from the Pacific.
All this country is served by the Dominion Atlantic
Railway in connection with the Canadian Pacific Railway.
Wolfville is the chief centre for visitors to the "Land of
Evangeline." "Before the windows of Wolfville," says
C. G. D. Roberts, the well-known writer, "unrolls a superb
view—marches of pale green, reclaimed from the sea by
the spades of old-time Acadian farmers; the long, low lines
of green upland outstretching from either side to almost the
centre of the picture—the delicious summer retreats of
Starr's Point and Long Island; between them and beyond,
away to the far blue barrier of the Parrsboro shore, the
restless waters of Minas Basin, and in the middle distance,
dominating all the scene with its mass of sombre indigo,
the majestic bastion of Blomidon outthrust against the
Three miles distant, to the east, is Grand Pre itself,
now a rich but scattered farming settlement. It is on the
line of the Dominion Atlantic, and travellers who are passing through obtain from the car windows a good view of
the scene of the "Great Banishment." There are the storied
meadows, and there, close to the station, are willows
planted by Acadian hands. On the slope behind the station
are gnarled French apple trees and stiff French poplars,
and a short way farther on is the Gaspereau mouth, where
the exiles embarked.
Close to the station is a row of gnarled willows, whose
branches perchance tell over to the young leaves of each
recurring spring what they saw of Evangeline and her
sorrow. Here, suitably enclosed, is "Evangeline's Well,"
with a very beautiful statue of Evangeline herself.   !Z^
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No expensive side trips necessary.
The Canadian Pacific Railway is built directly through four Dominion of Canada National
Parks and the famous Canadian Rockies. Over 500 continuous miles of the most magnificent
scenery in the world may be viewed from the train.
See that your ticket between Seattle, Tacoma, Portland or California points and Winnipeg,
St. Paul, Chicago, Eastern Canada or United States includes coupons for the delightful 165-
mile Puget Sound Steamship trip between Seattle, Victoria and Vancouver; no extra charge.
B      -X
I      d
Atlanta Ga.—E. G. Chesbrough, Gen'l Agt. Pass'r Dept. . .49 N. Forsyth St.
Ba nff • • Alta.—J. A. McDonald C. P. R. Station
Bel I ing ha m . . .Wash.—S. B. Freeman, City Passenger Agent 1252 Elk St.
Boston Mass.—L. R. Hart, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept 405 Boylston St.
Brandon Man.—R. Dawson, District Passenger Agent Smith Block
Buffalo N. Y.—H. R. Mathewson, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept 160 Pearl St.
Calgary Alta.—J. E. Proctor, District Pass'r Agent C. P. R. Station
Chicago 111.—T. J. Wall, Gen'l Agent Rail Traffic 71 E. Jackson Blvd.
Cincinnati Ohio—M. E. Malone, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept 430 Walnut St.
Cleveland Ohio—G. H. Griffin, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept 1040 Prospect Ave.
Detroit Mich.—G. G. McKay, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept 1239 Griswold St.
Duluth Minn.—David Bertie, Traveling Pass'r Agent Soo Line Depot
Edmonton Alta.—C. S. Fyfe, City Ticket Agent C. P. R. Building
Fort William Ont.—A. J. Boreham, City Passenger Agent. 404 Victoria Ave
Guelph Ont.—W. C. Tully, City Passenger Agent 30 Wyndham St.
Halifax N. S.—J. D. Chipman, City Passenger Agent 117 Hollis St.
Hamilton Ont.—A. Craig, City Passenger Agent Cor. King and James St.
Honolulu T. H.—Theo. H. Davies & Co.
Juneau Alaska—J. L. McClosky, Agent.
Kansas City Mo.—R. G. Norris, City Pass'r Agent. . .601 Railway Exchange Bldg.
Ketchikan. .. .Alaska—F. E. Ryus, Agent.
Kingston Ont.—F. Conway, City  Passenger Agent 180 Wellington St.
London Ont.—rf. J. McCallum,   City Passenger Agent 417 Richmond St.
Los Angeles Calif.—W. Mcllroy, Gen'l  Agent Tass'r Dept 605 South Spring St.
Milwaukee Wis.—F. T. Sansom, City  Passenger Agent 68 Wisconsin St.
Minneapolis.. .Minn.—H. M. Tait, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Lept 611 2d Ave. South
^     5 R. G. Amiot, District Pass'r Agent Windsor Station
Montreal Que. j f. C. Lydon, City Pass'r Agent 141 St. James St.
Moosejaw      ..  Sask.—A. C. Harris, Ticket Agent Canadian Pacific Station
Nelson B. C.—J. S. Carter, District Pass'r Agent : Baker & Ward St.
New York N. Y.—F. R. Perry, Gen'l Agent Bail Traffic . .Madison Ave. at 44th St.
North Bay Ont.—L. O. Tremblay, District Pass'r .Agent 87 Main Street W.
Ottawa Ont.—J. A. McGill, Gen'l Agent Fass'r Lept 83 Sparks St.
Peterboro Ont.—J. Skinner, City Passenger Agent George St.
Philadelphia Pa.—R. C. Clayton, City Pass'r Agent .Locust St. at 15th
Pittsburgh Pa.—C. L. Williams, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept 340 Sixth Ave.
Portland Ore.—W. H. Deacon, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept 55 Third St.
Prince Rupert. .B. C.—W. C. Orchard, General Agent.
Quebec Que.—C. A. Langevin, City Pass'r Agent Palais Station
Regina Sask.—G. D. Brophy, District Pass'r Agent. . Canadian Pacific Station
St. John N. B.—G. B. Burpee, District Pass'r Agent 40 King St.
St. Louis Mo.—Geo. P. Carbrey, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept 420 Locust St.
St. Paul Minn.—W.H.Lennon, Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept. Soo Line Robert & Fourth St.
San Francisco. .Calif.—F. L. Nason, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept 675 Market St.
Saskatoon Sask.—W. E. Lovelock, City Pass'r Agent 115 Second Ave.
Sault Ste. Marie.Ont.—J. O. Johnston, City Pass'r Agent 529 Queen St.
Seattle Wash.—E. L. Sheehan, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept 608 Second Ave.
Sherbrooke Que.^J. A. Metivier, City Pass'r Agent. 74 Wellington St.
Skagway Alaska—L. H. Johnston, Agent.
Spokane Wash.—E. L. Cardie, Traffic Mgr. Spokane International Ry.
Tacoma Wash.—D. C. O'Keefe, City Passenger Agent 1113 Pacific Ave.
Toronto Ont.—Wm. Fulton, District Passenger Agent. .Canadian Pacific Bldg.
Vancouver B. C.—F. H. Daly, City Passenger Agent 434 Hastings St. West
Victoria B. C.—L. D. Chetham, District Passenger Agent 1102 Government St.
Washington. . .D. C.—C. E. Phelps, City Passenger Agent 1419 New York Ave.
Windsor Ont.—W. C. Elmer, Citv Passenger Agent 34 Sandwich St. West
Winnipeg Man.—J. W. Dawson, District Pass'r Agent Main and Portage
Antwerp. . . .Belgium—A. L. Rawlinson 25 Quai Jordaens
Belfast Ireland—Wm. McCalla 41-43 Victoria St.
Birmingham . . .Eng.—W. T. Treadaway 4 Victoria Square
Bristol Eng.—A. S. Ray 18 St. Augustine's Parade
Brussels Belgium—C. De Mey 98 Blvd. Adolphe-Max
Glasgow . . . .Scotland—W. Stewart 25 Bothwell St.
Hamburg.. . Germany—J. H. Gardner Gansemarkt 3
Liverpool Eng.—R. E. Swain. . Pier Head
i «r»H«« p,,, 5 C. E. Jenkins 62-65 Charing Cross, S. W. 1
London Eng- \ G. Saxon Jones 103 Leadenhall St., E. C. 3
Manchester. . . .Eng.—J. W. Maine 31 Mosley Street
Paris France—A. V. Clark 7 Rue Scribe
Rotterdam.. .Holland—J. S. Springett Coolsingel No. 91
Southampton.. .Eng.—H. Taylor. 7 Canute Road
Hong Kong China—T. R. Percy, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept Opposite Blake Pier
Kobe Japan—A. M. Parker, Passenger Agent 1 Bund
Manila P. I.—J. R. Shaw, Agent 14-16 Calle David, Roxas Bldg.
Shanghai China—E. Stone, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept Palace Hotel Bldg.
Yokohama . . . .Japan—G. E. Costello, Gen'l Agt. Pass'r Dept.. .Ishikawa Gomei Bldg.
J. Sclater, Australian and New Zealand Representative,
Union House, Sydney, N. S. W.
Adelaide S. A.—Macdonald, Hamilton & Co.
Auckland N. Z — Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Brisbane Qd.—Macdonald, Hamilton & Co.
Christchurch. .N. Z— Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Dunedin N. Z — Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Fremantle W. A.—Macdonald, Hamilton & Co.
Hobart Tas.—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Launceston Tas.—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Melbourne Vic—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.), Thos. Cook & Son
Perth W. A.—Macdonald Hamilton & Co.
Suva Fiji—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Sydney N. S. W— Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Wellington N. Z.—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Printed in U. S. A. mmm
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