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Eastern tours through the Canadian Rockies Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1916

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Array •"•*
'HRjOUGH   THE
AN PACIFIC ROCKIES —
—
HOTEL SYSTEM
CANADIAN PACIFIC
RAILWAY
Name of Hotel, Plan, Distance from Station and
Transfer Charge
Altitude
Season
CO
E
JO --
°
cc
Z
Rate
Per Day
Single
Meals
St.Andrews, N. B.
The Algonquin A
1 mile—25 cents
150
June 20-
Sept. 30
200
$5.00 up
( B.$1.00
|iL.  1.25
( D. 1.50
McAdam, N. B.
McAdam Station Hotel A
At Station
445
All year
16
3.00 up
( B.    .50
\ L.    .75
(D.    .75
Quebec, Que.
Chateau Frontenac A
1 mile—50 cents
300
All year
375
5.00 up
(B. 1.00
L  1.00
( D. 1.50
Montreal, Que.
Place Viger Hotel A
At Place Viger Station.
1% miles from Windsor
Station—50 cents..... E
57
All year
125
3.50 up
1.50 up
( B.    .75
■J L.    .75
( D. 1.00
( also
\( a la carte
Winnipeg, Man.
The Royal Alexandra. . E
At Station
760
All year
475
2.00 up
a la carte
Calgary, Alta.
Palliser A
At Station   E
3425
All year
315
4.00 up
2.00 up
4.00 up
fB. 1.00
L.   1.00
Nd i.25
Banff, Alta.
Banff Springs Hotel A
1% miles—25 cents
4625
May 15-
Oct. 15
350
afso
La la carte
( B. 1.00
•jL.  1.00
( D. 1.50
Lake Louise, Alta.
Chateau Lake Louise.. . A
2lA miles—50 cents
Narrow Gauge Railway
5670
June 1-
Oct. 15
365
5.00 up
I B. 1.00
< L.  1.00
( D. 1.50
Field, B. C.
Mt. Stephen House... . A
At Station
Yoho Valley Camp
Emerald Lake (near Field
B.C.)
Emerald Lake Chalet. . A
7 miles—SI.00
4066
4066
All year
July 1-
Sept. 15
June 15-
Sept. 30
65
16
4.00 up
4.00 up
4.00 up
1.00
1.00
1.00
Glacier, B. C.
Glacier House A
At Station
4086
May 15-
Oct. 15
90
4.00 up
1.00
Balfour, B. C.
Kootenay Lake Hotel. . A
Va mile
1700
June 15-
Sept. 15
55
3.50 up
( B.    .75
] L.    .75
( D. 1.00
Sicamous, B. C.
Hotel Sicamous A
At Station
1146
All year
60
3.50 up
( B.    .75
\ L.    .75
( D. 1.00
Penticton, B. C.
Hotel Incola A
Near steamer wharf
All year
62
3.00 up
.75
Cameron Lake, B. C.
Cameron Lake Chalet. . A
Vancouver Island
May 1-
Sept. 30
3.50
Vancouver, B. C.
Hotel Vancouver E
% mile—25 cents
100
All year
650
2.00 up
a la carte
Victoria, B. C.
Empress Hotel E
100 yards—25 cents
Sea
Level
All year
320
2.00 up
a la carte
A—American.    E—European.    Rates subject to alteration. Empress Hotel, Victoria, B. C.
■Eastern Tour
Through the Canadian Pacific Rockies
THE discovery of a route across the Rockies
for the Canadian Pacific Railway took
twelve years, but never was labor better
rewarded. The last spike connecting East and
West was driven thirty years ago, on November 7, 1885, and the millions who have since
traveled along this wonderful highway, cut out
of the precipitous cliffs of the Fraser Canyon,
winding under the snow-capped peaks of three
vast ranges, crossing and recrossing foaming
torrents deep down below—these millions have
one unanimous thought that for sheer grandeur
the Canadian Pacific Railway is without rival.
It takes twenty-four consecutive hours on an
express train to cross the Canadian Rockies.
The wise man breaks his journey so that he can
see it all by daylight, and to assist this praiseworthy   intention,   the   Canadian   Pacific   has
constructed mountain hotels at convenient
points along the line, where one may rest and
perhaps spend some time exploring among the
glaciers, riding on sure-footed ponies on the
mountain trails, or climbing with experienced
Swiss guides the peaks which prick the sky in
such profusion. Sicamous is a half-way house
between Vancouver and Calgary, and those
who have no time to stop off elsewhere, but
still wish to make an all-daylight trip through
the mountains will find here a comfortable hotel.
After the Rockies come 900 miles of prairie—
fertile farming land, the bread-basket of the
British Empire. Then a thousand miles of
romantic forest and stream and rock, or if you
choose to vary the rail journey, take ship at
Fort William for the Great Lakes and pass
through Sault Ste. Marie to Lake Huron and
eastern Ontario. Toronto, within easy reach of
Niagara Falls, Ottawa, the capital of the
Dominion, Montreal, under the shadow of
Mount Royal, Quebec, the fortress city commanding the St. Lawrence—these are surely
not to be passed by too quickly. Here we are
on historic ground, of vital interest to Americans
as well as Canadians. For Quebec in the old
French Canadian days, and even later under the
British flag, held sway over the great country
south of the Great Lakes, with outposts on the
Mississippi.
A stop-over of at least one day at each of
the five beauty spots of the mountains —
Glacier, Field, Lake Louise, Banff and Balfour—
should be arranged.
Travelling over the Canadian Pacific during
the summer is most delightful, because of the Eastern Tours
uniformly  cool  temperature  in  the  mountains
north of the international boundary line.
PASSENGERS from California have the
choice of either an overland trip or a sea
voyage to Portland or Seattle. From
San Francisco, the picturesque Shasta Route of
the Southern Pacific, or the San Francisco &
Portland Steamship Company, or the Pacific
Coast Steamship Company's steamers,! or the
Great Northern Pacific steamers may be used.
To Victoria and Vancouver, from Seaitle, the
Canadian Pacific Railway operates the magnificent "Princess" steamers. The fastest and
best equipped on the Pacific coastwis^ trade,
these have an average speed of eighteen knots
per hour, and are in constant touch by wireless
with land stations en route. This is the most
enjoyable 165-mile inland water trip in America,
and passengers travelling eastward yia the
Canadian Pacific Railway may include this
delightful steamer trip without additional
expense. The scenery is of ever - changing
beauty.
At Mission the Canadian Pacific Railway
rail connection from Seattle joins the main line.
This line, operated in connection with the
Northern Pacific Railway Company, gives the
traveller the option of an all-water or all-rail
route from Seattle to Vancouver.
VICTORIA
CHARMINGLY situated on Vancouver
Island, overlooking the Straits of Juan
de Fuca, Victoria has been aptly described
as being a transported section of Old Ejngland.
It is distinctly a home city, although its enterprising business district, composed of imposing
stores and tall office buildings, speaks of a rich
commerce drawn from a territory full of mineral
and agricultural resources. Victoria's beauty
lies in her residential districts, her boulevards,
her parks and her public buildings. The parliament buildings of British Columbia rank among
the handsomest in America.
Vancouver Hotel
The Empress Hotel, first of the chain of Canadian
Pacific hostelries, gives the guest attention and service
equalled only by the best in the land. It overlooks the
inner harbour and is within a stone's throw of the Parliament buildings.
From Victoria delightful excursions may be made into
the interior of Vancouver Island either by automobile or
by the Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway. The Malahat
Drive is one of the most picturesque motor roads in
America. Excellent hotels are to be found at Shawnigan
Lake and Qualicum Beach and a delightful little chalet
inn at Cameron Lake. Mount Arrowsmith proves one
of the best climbs and Qualicum Beach has a good,
sporting golf course. There is no better fishing on the
Pacific Coast than that which one finds on the Campbell
River, reached by motor from Courtenay, the northern
terminus of the Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway. The
immense Douglas fir forests on this beautiful island and
the balmy climate make it wonderfully attractive to the
tourist.
VANCOUVER
THE   terminal   of    the   Canadian    Pacific's
transcontinental  rail  lines  and  its Trans-
Pacific  steamship   routes,   is   the   largest
commercial center in British Columbia.
Vancouver rests on the shores of Burrard
Inlet and has an excellent harbour nearly landlocked and fully sheltered. It faces a beautiful
range of mountains that are tipped with snow
the year round. Two peaks, silhouetted against
the sky, remarkably resembling two couchant
lions, are visible from almost any point in the*
city or on the harbour.
In and around Vancouver are immense lumber and
shingle mills, having big payrolls and tremendous outputs.
Mining, lumbering, farming and shipping form the bulwark of the city's phenomenal growth and prosperity.
All kinds of water sports are possible at Vancouver, and
are encouraged through a mild climate and extensive
bodies of water. There are many bathing beaches, parks,
boulevards, automobile roads and paved streets. Stanley
Park, one of the largest natural parks in the world, is
excellently maintained by the city.
Hotel Vancouver, of the Canadian Pacific Hotel
System, is second to none on the Pacific Coast, and has a
high reputation for the excellency of its service. Wonderful views can be had from the roof of this great hotel.
It is only a short run by Canadian Pacific steamer to
Nanaimo, where the Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway
connects with the beauty spots of Vancouver Island.
From Vancouver the Company's famous "Princess"
steamships offer splendid service to Victoria, Seattle,
northern British Columbia, and Alaska; the "White
Empresses" cross the Pacific to Japan and China. The
Canadian-Australasian Line runs regularly from Vancouver to Honolulu, Suva (Fiji), New Zealand and
Australia.
WINDING along for 500 continuous miles
east of Vancouver the main line of the
Canadian Pacific leads through scenery
such as can be found nowhere else on earth.
But a few miles out of Vancouver the steel trail
begins to twist and turn its way through, a
gigantic fairyland of unbelievable beauty and
magnificence. The stupendous masses of rock,
piled literally to the sky, crowned with scintillating snow which reflects back the sunlight in
all the colors of the spectrum, are only a part  Eastern Tours
of the panorama unreeled, mile by mile, as the
train proceeds.
Hope is the junction for the Kettle Valley
Railway, a new branch line to the orchards of
the southern Okanagan Valley and the
Kootenays, the mining districts of southern
British Columbia, and the prairies of southern
Alberta, thus providing an interesting alternative route to the main line.
The first station on the way up from Hope, just north
of the Coquihalla River Canyon, is named Othello, the
beauty of which it is difficult to describe, while there
is good trout fishing and shooting in its vicinity. Jessica
is the third station within about two miles, or so of
Ladner Creek, in a district of great natural beauty.
At Portia the railway reaches an elevation of about
2,000 feet above sea level. The country has a very
rocky, mountainous aspect at the next station, which is
called I ago, to keep up the Shakespearean tradition.
Near Romeo there is a charming view looking up towards
a bald, rocky mountain from Slide Creek bridge.
Coquihalla Summit is opposite two delightful lakes.
From this point the track falls both ways, the average
gradient going west being about 2.2 per cent, whilst that
going east being much lighter, about 1 per cent. The
elevation of Coquihalla Summit is about 3,300 feet above
sea level. The lakes are full of trout and are most
interesting from a geological point of view on account
of the many crater holes in the formation, caused, it is
supposed, from gaseous emanations in ages past. Juliet,
the next station, is eternally separated from rjtomeo by
the summit. At Slide Creek there are some picture rocks,
rude representations of a horse, supposed to have been
painted by the Indians at some remote date. Penticton,
at the lower end of Okanagan Lake, is half way house
to Nelson, and as such has an excellent hotel, The Incola.
The balmy, equable climate of the lower Okanagan Valley,
the excellent motoring, the delightful bathing, the opportunities for motor-boating, sailing, fishing, anji, at the
proper seasons, for hunting, combine to make this an
ideal holiday resort. Penticton is in the center of one
of the most fertile orchard districts in British Columbia
and as such has a well-settled community to take part
in any social activities. Penticton is also the southern
terminus of the Canadian Pacific steamers plying on the
Okanagan Lake, the northern terminus being Okanagan
Landing, which has excellent train service through
Vernon to Sicamous, on the main line of the Canadian
Pacific Railway. From Penticton the railway climbs up
through the benches to a height which commands a
magnificent view of Okanagan Lake, then descends
through forest-clad ranges by romantic canyons till the
farms and settlements of the lower Kettle Valley are
reached.    After the junction is made with the Canadian
Pacific Railway at Midway, the train passes by lake and
mountain till the beautiful defile of the Columbia River
is reached. Out of the windows one looks down upon
the sapphire waters of that noble stream, flanked by tall
trees and overtowering heights. The train reaches
Nelson in the evening and though the boat for Balfour
and the East does not leave till next morning, one can
go straight on board to one's comfortable berth.
North Bend is situated in the heart of the
Fraser Canyon, amid awe-inspiring surroundings.
The Canyon of the Thompson is entered beyond
Ashcroft. Its angry waters rush along in a
perfect maelstrom. After the junction with the
Fraser, at Lytton, the scenery assumes still
wilder aspect.
At Sicamous the traveller may board the
branch line train to Vernon and other points
in the Okanagan Valley. At Sicamous the
Canadian Pacific Railway has a splendid hotel,
which forms an excellent headquarters for those
who wish to stay over to shoot, fish or make a
daylight trip through the mountains.
From Revelstoke (see page 18 for Alternative
Route) the line passes through Twin Butte to
Albert Canyon. Just east of the station the
train runs suddenly along the very brink of
several remarkably deep fissures in the solid
rock, whose walls rise straight up hundreds of
feet on both sides to wooded crags, above which
sharp distant peaks cut the sky. The most
impressive of these canyons is the Albert, where
the river is seen nearly one hundred and fifty
feet below the railway, compressed into a boiling
flume scarcely twenty feet wide.
GLACIER A CLIMBING CENTER
NEAR the summit of the Selkirk Range lies
Glacier, in the midst of a region of mighty
peaks and glaciers, woods and waterfalls.
Seeming but a few hundred feet away, but in
reality more than two miles, heap up the
massive ice piles of the great Illicillewaet
Glacier. To its left towers the monolith of
Mount Sir Donald to a height of a mile and a
quarter above the railway. Another of the
Canadian Pacific's mountain hotels, here, affords
an opportunity for a delightful sojourn.
Leading from the station a good trail follows the
turbulent course of the Illicillewaet River to the Great
Illicillewaet Glacier and valley; other trails branch off
in all directions, inviting and leading the mountain-
climber, explorer and lover of Nature to scenes of marvelous grandeur and enchanting beauty. Glacier Crest,
Lake Marion and Observation Point are among the
shorter and easier ascents. Mount Abbot is a day's
climb, but not a difficult one. From its summit an
exceptionally fine view is obtained of the Asulkan Valley.
Easy trails also lead up to the summits of Eagle Peak
and Mount Avalanche. The ascent of Mount Sir
Donald is more difficult, but with the assistance of
experienced guides may readily be accomplished.
An excellent trail leads to the Asulkan Glacier, through
scenes of Alpine splendor, and the recently discovered
Caves of Nakimu are only distant about seven miles
from Glacier House by a good bridle path. These
wonderful caverns have been formed by the action of
water for ages upon the solid rock, and form a series of
chambers with large entrances, polished rock ceilings,
and walls which sparkle with quartz crystals and reflect
myriads of miniature lights.
Over Selkirk Summit, through Rogers' Pass,
the train passes through a marvelous district of
wooded mountains, deep ravines and tempestuous streams. From the train one can see the
ends of the great tunnel now being pierced
through the mountains.
FIELD AND THE YOHO VALLEY
A STOP-OVER for the night at the Mount
Stephen  House  at  Field, another of the
Canadian Pacific's mountain hotels, gives
one the opportunity of seeing one of the most
picturesque districts in the Canadian Rockies.
DRIVES AND PONY TRIPS
EMERALD   LAKE, seven   miles distant,  is reached
by   a good  carriage  road  down  the bank   of   the
Kicking Horse River  and  thence  around the  base
of  Mount  Burgess.    On the wooded shore of this
beautiful   lake   the   Company   has   built   a   picturesque
Swiss chalet.
It is an extremely beautiful fourteen-mile drive to
the celebrated Takakkaw Falls, of the Yoho Valley, a
silver thread of glacial origin dropping 1,200 feet into
a still and mighty-treed valley. A trail continues up
the valley, past Laughing Falls, and the great Wapta
Glacier to the curious Twin Falls, two immense jets of
spray that unite in mid-air. The trail leads to a point
above the falls from which a wonderful view may be
obtained.      Other pleasant excursions from Field may be Canad
Canadian
Pacific
Camp,
Yoho
Valley Eastern Tours
made to points of interest within a short distance of Field—
such as the Fossil Beds, Aerial Silver Mines, Natural
Bridge and Monarch Mine Cabins.
Between Field and Hector, near the summit
of the Rockies, one of the greatest engineering
feats of the century has been accomplished.
To reduce the steep grade of the western slope
of the Rockies, the line has been lengthened,
and two immense spiral tunnels have been
driven through the solid rock, each tunnel with
approaches making a complete loop of track.
LAKE LOUISE, PEARL OF THE RQCKIES
IT IS three miles by narrow-gauge mbtor line
from the Canadian Pacific Railway station
to Lake Louise.
The Chicago Evening Post says:
"Such glory of light and color, such a sparkling mirror water, such magnificence of evergreen
mountains and rocky steeps, and snow and ice
and clouds, may exist in other variations, but
nowhere  in  the world  can  they  be surpassed.
Lake Louise is the gem for which the Canadian
Rockies are the setting."
Picturesquely situated on the verge of the
lake is the Chateau Lake Louise, one of the
finest of the Canadian Pacific hotels, where
excellent accommodation is afforded.
DRIVES AND PONY TRIPS AT LAKE JXHJISE
FROM Lake Louise (altitude 5,645 feet) good trails
lead to the principal features of interest in the
vicinity. It is an easy ascent to Mirror Lake
(altitude, 6,550 feet) and Lake Agnes (altitude,
6,820 feet) which literally nestle amid the clouds,
encircled by majestic peaks. It is a three-mile trip to
Saddleback Mountain, which commands an inspiring
view of the famous Paradise Valley. At a distance of
about ten miles is Moraine Lake, situated at the head of
the valley of the Ten Peaks, and reached over a good
carriage road recently constructed. Good! camping
facilities are afforded on the shore of the l^ke in the
midst of scenic surroundings of surpassing beauty and
grandeur. The Victoria Glacier, a great palisade of
hanging snow, Abbot Pass, a deep cany oil between
Mounts Victoria and Lefroy, O'Hara Lake, set amid
surroundings of wild Alpine grandeur, Cataract Creek,
Paradise Valley and the Ptarmigan Lakes, are among the
notable spots well worthy of a visit.
.
BANFF
FOR many years Banff, the gateway to the
Canadian National Park, has attracted
tourists and lovers of Nature from all
corners of the earth. Situated in the heart of
the Canadian Rockies, in the midst of primeval
surroundings, with a wilderness of untrodden
crags and peaks radiating in every direction and
abounding in game of large and small variety,
it bids the sportsman, the naturalist, and the
mountain-climber welcome. The traveler seeking a holiday can find all his wants supplied at
the finest mountain hotel in the world, the
Canadian Pacific Banff Springs Hotel, recently
much enlarged. Sulphur springs and bathing
pools, also an excellent golf course and tennis
court, form another of the many attractions at
this resort.
PONY TRIPS AND DRIVES AT BANFF
THERE are many interesting spots in the vicinity,
all easily accessible by good carriage roads and
bridle paths. A short distance from Banff Springs
Hotel are the Bow Falls, a cataract of wonderful
beauty; Tunnel Mountain, from which a splendid view
of the valley is obtained, and the Cave and Basin, a
remarkable formation from which gush natural sulphur
springs. Within a radius of three miles are the Hoodoos,
natural concrete pillars of various shapes and sizes,
Cascade Mountain, Stoney Squaw Mountain, the beautiful
Vermilion Lakes, the animal paddocks and Sun Dance
Canyon, a deep and curious cleft in the mountain. At a
distance of nine miles is Lake Minnewanka, a pretty sheet
of water, extremely deep, and walled in by tremendous
cliffs. The lake is sixteen miles long, with a width of
from one to two miles. Two steam launches make the
round trip daily.
CALGARY
SOON after leaving Banff the country changes
in character, and instead of viewing a sea
of mountain peaks and snow-capped ranges,
prosperous ranches and farms are spread out on
either side of the tracks. Calgary enjoys the
distinction of being the largest city in the
immense Province of Alberta.
Calgary is the headquarters of the great irrigation system of the Canadian Pacific Railway.
This is the largest undertaking of its kind in
America and is well worth a visit. From Calgary
a branch line runs to Edmonton, the enterprising
capital of Alberta.
At Calgary the Canadian Pacific Railway has
completed another immense hotel, The Hotel
Palliser, undoubtedly the most imposing structure in Calgary. Externally the building is
French Renaissance. It comprises ten floors,
with a roof garden and sun parlor on the roof,
from which a magnificent view of the snowcapped Rockies can be had. There are no
"inside rooms" in the Palliser, it being so built
that every room gets sufficient light. A magnificent ball room and palm room are other
attractive features.
Medicine Hat, called by Kipling "the town
that was born lucky," is lighted with natural
gas, the low price of which has attracted many
industries to this city.
ALTERNATIVE TRIP FROM REVELSTOKE TO
MEDICINE HAT
THOSE who leave the main line of the Canadian
Pacific at Revelstoke, find a delightful and fascinating alternative route to Medicine Hat, via Arrowhead, at the head of the beautiful Arrowhead
Lakes, by steamer to West Robson, thence by rail to
Nelson, where steamer is again taken on the charming
Kootenay River to Balfour, one hour's run, where the
Canadian Pacific Railway has recently erected a very
comfortable hotel, with magnificent views of lake and
mountain.
BALFOUR
SITUATED on the west arm of Kootenay Lake,
midway between Nelson and Kootenay Landing,
and directly opposite Proctor, Balfour is a delightful spot in the center of the Kootenay Country of
lower British Columbia. It nestles amid snow-capped
mountains in a country full of lakes and streams. The
Canadian Pacific Railway has an excellent hotel, where
the tourist or sportsmen can enjoy out-of-door life in
his or her own particular way. There are five excellent
tennis courts, and the annual tournaments draw visitors
from all British Columbia. Fast boats, excellently
furnished, ply Kootenay Lake and give easy connections
with Nelson and Kootenay Landing.
From Balfour one takes the Canadian Pacific Railway
steamer to Kootenay Landing. From Kootenay Landing
to Medicine Hat the route leads through the rich mining
regions of the Kootenay and the vast agricultural districts Sulphur
Swimming
Pool, Banff
Springs
Hotel Canadian
Pacific
Track
West of
Banff
500¥li/es
Seen from trains
on i Line
of Mountain an*lw Canyon in the
Canadian Pacific Rockies
Albert
Canyon Eastern Tours
•'    !       '   'i   ■
Balsam Lake, Revelstoke
of southern Alberta, via the Crowsnest Branch of the
Canadian Pacific Railway. At Medicine Hat the main
line of the Canadian Pacific is again resumed.
EASTWARD FROM SPOKANE
FROM Spokane and Kingsgate one may join the
Crowsnest Branch of the Canadian Pacific, through
a romantic mining region to Medicine Hat, on the
main line. From Medicine Hat easterly the line
of travel includes Swift Current and Moose Jaw, also on
the main line of the Canadian Pacific Railway. At
Moose Jaw the traveller has another choice, and may go
to Chicago via St.Paul and Minneapolis, or via St.Paul
and Sault Ste. Marie to Montreal, traveling over the
Soo Line, or may continue over the main line of the
Canadian Pacific to Montreal. If desired, tickets will be
routed via Winnipeg and St.Paul without additional
expense. Certain tickets allow stop-over privileges at all
the large cities in Canada, and the option of at least two
different routes, but routes must be selected prior to
purchasing ticket. No matter what route is taken, the
traveller has first-class accommodation—diners, observation and buffet cars. From Spokane another route is
through the beautiful Kootenay and Arrow Lakes, via
Kingsgate, Nelson, West Robson and Arrowhead, to
Revelstoke, on the main line of the Canadian Pacific
Railway, with no additional cost.
KOOTENAY CENTRAL RAILWAY \\
ANEW alternative route of exceptional beauty leaves
the main line at Golden and goes south through
the valley lying between the Rockies and the
Selkirk mountains to join the Crowsnest Branch
at Colvalli. The Windermere district is a centre in this
valley for excursions up Toby Creek and Horse Thief
Creek to the great glaciers of the Selkirks, and has a
comfortable tourist hotel at Invermere near Athalmer.
CONTINUING  our journey across the prairies from
Medicine Hat, the most important towns   passed
on the way to Winnipeg are: Swift Current, Moose
Jaw, Regina, Indian Head, Brandon and Portage la
Prairie.    Regina is the headquarters of the Royal Northwest Mounted Police.
WINNIPEG
SITUATED at the confluence of the Red and the
Assiniboine rivers, both navigable by steamers,
Winnipeg handles more wheat than any other port
on the North American continent. It is the capital
of the Province of Manitoba. Formerly it was the
Hudson's Bay Company's chief trading post, Fort Garry.
A network of rail lines connect Winnipeg with all parts
of the continent in much the same way as Chicago is
linked to all parts of North America. Here the Canadian
Pacific Railway has the largest individual railway yards
in the world, having more than 130 miles of trackage.
The Canadian Pacific Railway has a magnificent hotel
at Winnipeg, the Royal Alexandra.
From Winnipeg a branch line of the Canadian Pacific
Railway runs south, connecting at Emerson with the
train service of the Soo Line to Minneapolis, St. Paul
and Chicago. A through train is operated between
Winnipeg and the Twin Cities.
Leaving Winnipeg and Manitoba at Ingolf, the Lake
of the Woods district in Ontario is entered, where flour
mills, pulp mills and sawmills are in operation day and
night. The prairies are left behind and the traveller
passes through a picturesque region of forests, lakes,
rivers, rocks and ravines to Fort William and Port Arthur,
at the head of the Great Lakes. Fort William is situated
at the mouth of the Kaministikwia River, a broad, deep
stream, with firm banks, affording extraordinary advantages for lake traffic. The fine steel lake steamships of
the Canadian Pacific Railway Company ply between
here and Port McNicoll, thus giving the tourist practically a water route to Toronto. Conveniences to be found
only on trans-oceanic steamers are to be had on these
magnificent passenger steamships.
GREAT LAKES TRIP
BY BOARDING a Canadian Pacific Railway steamer
at Fort William, the traveller may travel down the
Kaministikwia River, passing Port Arthur on
Thunder Bay, thence across the bay and rounding
Thunder Cape, directly across Lake Superior to Sault
Ste. Marie, a large manufacturing city. From here the
route followed is down St. Mary's River, through the
new channel of Hay Lake and across Lake Huron and
Georgian Bay to Port McNicoll, where a transfer from
boat to train is made, and the traveller reaches Toronto.
NIPIGON AND SUDBURY
FOLLOWING on by the main line, at Nipigon,
situated at the mouth of the Nipigon River,
fishermen from many, many miles gather
yearly to capture the speckled trout for which
this neighborhood is renowned.
Sudbury is the junction point, where the main
line of the Canadian Pacific to Toronto leaves
the main line to Montreal. This gives the third
optional route from Winnipeg to Montreal, viz.,
one lake and one rail, via Toronto, and one
direct via the Sudbury-Montreal main line.
Within a few miles of Sudbury (population,
7,061) and reached by two short lines of railway,
are the most extensive copper and nickel deposits
known in the world.
SOO LINE CONNECTION FROM
TWIN CITIES
AT SUDBURY the important subdivision — which
crosses the St. Mary's River on an immense steel
bridge at Sault Ste. Marie, and which follows the
north shore of Lake Huron—joins the main line.
Through trains, having every modern improvement, are
operated via this route from Minneapolis and St. Paul
to Montreal. Connection is also made at Sault Ste.Marie
with trains from Duluth.
TORONTO
WITH over 400,000 inhabitants, Toronto
holds second place among the cities of
Canada and is growing rapidly in population, wealth and industry. 11 is noted for its beautiful residential districts, its high buildings, its
well-lighted and paved streets, spacious parks, excellent boulevards and splendid educational system. The Canadian Pacific Railway's new office
building, here, is one of the landmarks of the city.
From Toronto there are many short and very interesting trips to pleasure resorts and places of picturesque and
historical interest.
Unmatched Niagara is but eighty miles by rail, and
thirty miles by water, away from Toronto. The Canadian
Pacific gives a free trip to the Falls and return to all
passengers over the Canadian Pacific Railway from
Winnipeg or points west of points in the United States
south or east of Sherbrooke, Que., Newport or Swan ton,
Vt., or Rouses Point, N.Y. Also to passengers en route to
Europe holding transportation via the Canadian ports. The Gap
Canadian
Pacific
Rockies
i
Station
at Banff
The Three Sisters,
Canmore, Alberta
Palliser Hotel, Calgary Street
Scene in
Winnipeg
Eastern
Tours
s
Threshing,
Western
Canada
Those who make their eastbound journey by way oft
Toronto have the advantage of being able to travel to
Toronto over the new Lake Ontario Shore Line of the
Canadian Pacific Railway to Montreal, one of the most
picturesque regions in eastern Canada.
OTTAWA
THE capital of the Dominion is picturesquely
situated at the junction of the Rideau and
Ottawa rivers.  The residence of the Gover^
nor-General,  H.  R.  H.  Duke of Connaught—(|
Rideau Hall—is within the city limits.
MONTREAL
FAST trains connect Toronto, Ottawa anc
Montreal, the largest city of Canada^
Montreal has a population of over half al
million and is the heaquarters for the Canadian!
Pacific Railway. From Mount Royal, afterff
which the city was named, Montreal appears^
spread out like an immense relief map. Onel
may spend hours on the summit of this moun-*j
tain gazing on the magnificent panorama. The
Canadian Pacific Place Viger Hotel is one of the!
city's best.
Reaping,
Western
Canada
The Royal A!
Winnipeg Deck Scene on
the Great Lakes
On the Shores of
Lake Superior
QUEBEC
FROM Montreal it is but a few hours' ride
over the Canadian Pacific Railway to
Quebec, which, with its old-time walled
city; its Chateau Frontenac, the excellent
Canadian Pacific hotel; its French-speaking
population; crooked streets; curious vehicles,
and its enchanting atmosphere, is easily the
most romantic place in Canada. The Chateau
Frontenac, built on the site of the old Chateau
St.Louis, is a modern hotel built on the pattern
of an old chateau, with all of the charm and
none of the inconveniences.
ST. JOHN—HALIFAX
SCENERY through delightful hills, well-kept
farming districts and country filled with
bits of lakes, brooks, and streams is to be
seen on both sides of the track in traveling
from Montreal to St.John and Halifax, or any
of the other pretty cities or towns of the maritime provinces. St. Andrews-by-the-Sea is one
of the most attractive seaside resorts in Canada.
Here the Canadian Pacific has built a charming
summer hotel, the Algonquin, much frequented
by   Americans   as   well   as  by   the   leaders   in
S.S. Manitoba, Great Lakes Service, Canadian Pacific Railway Eastern Tours
Place Viger Hotel, Montreal
Canadian society. St.John and Halifax are both
busy, progressive seaports. In Nova Scotia,
along the Dominion Atlantic Railway, "Evangeline Land" and Acadia attract thousands every
year, for time has been lenient in its treatment
of these places, which have been themes for
historians   and   poets   for   two   hundred  years.
Three routes from Montreal to New York
present themselves: The tourist may continue
by way of Lakes Champlain and George and by
the Hudson River, or via the all-rail routes
through the Adirondacks, through the State of
Vermont, or along the shore of Lake Champlain.
Those en route to Portland, Me., or Boston,
Mass., may travel through the interesting White
and Green Mountains to their destination on
the Atlantic Coast reached by the Canadian
Pacific and its connections from Montreal.
EVANGELINE LAND, NOVA SCOTIA
ACROSS the Bay of Fundy from St.John,
New Brunswick, lies the historic coast of
Nova Scotia, so full of romance, so beautiful to the eye that the hearts of those who visit
it are kept in one perpetual enchantment.
Digby and the little fishing villages on this
coast of giant tides, Annapolis Royal, with memories of Champlain and the first adventurous
explorers from Old France, the orchard and
dairy land of the Annapolis Valley, Evangeline's
country of Grand Pre and Blomidon and Minas
Basin, the scene of the Great Banishment of the
Acadians—these have a charm that well might
draw the traveller across the continent from the
Pacific.
Cool, picturesque, hospitable and entirely
unconventional, the "Land of Evangeline" is
just the place where the average man who loves
to bathe in salt water or angle in fresh water;
who likes boating that is exciting, but not too
hazardous; hill-climbing that is not too strenuous; hotel life that is not too fashionable, and
farmhouse hospitality that is typically Canadian,
can find his or her heart's desire.
This ocean-washed, breeze-caressed peninsula,
that is almost an island, is big enough to accommodate ten million summer visitors without
over-crowding. It is difficult to get away from
the sight or smell of the salt water in any part
of it. Even the atmosphere of the orchard-
filled, blossom-scented valleys is tinctured with
it. Nowhere is there ozone with the same
subtle qualities.
And bathing, boating and fishing are by no
means the whole story of Nova Scotia summer
vacation life. The continent affords no finer
facilities for driving, "camping-out," golfing and
hunting, nor is there a better place on the "footstool" for the enjoyment of that simplest and
most satisfying of all forms of summer "loafing,"
life on a farm.
All this country is served by the Dominion
Atlantic Railway in connection with the Canadian Pacific Railway. Wolfville is the chief
centre for visitors to the "Land of Evangeline."
"Before the windows of Wolfville," says C. G. D.
Roberts, the well-known writer, "enrolls a
superb view—marshes, of pale green, reclaimed
from the sea by the spades of old-time Acadian
farmers; sharp strips of red or orange-tawny
flats, where the retreating tide has left the beach
uncovered; to the left front a well-grouped
cluster of white cottages, spires and masts about
a bridge—the shipping village of Port Williams;
the long, low lines of green upland outstretching
from either side to almost the center of the
picture—the delicious summer retreats of Starr's
Point   and   Long   Island;   between   them   and
beyond, away to the far blue barrier of the
Parrsboro shore, the restless waters of Minas
Basin, yellow in the foreground, but in the distance purple, sapphire green, or silver, as
changing hour and changing sky may decree;
and in the middle distance, dominating all the
scene with its mass of sombre indigo, the
majestic bastion of Blomidon out-thrust against
the tides. These are effects of full daylight; but
by the aerial magic of sunrise (too seldom seen!)
and the voluptuous sorcery of sunset such transformations are wrought as make the scene an
ever-changing realm of faery."
Three miles distant, to the east, is Grand Pre
itself, now a rich but scattered farming settlement. It is on the line of the Dominion Atlantic,
and travellers who are passing through obtain
from the car windows a good view of the scene
of the Great Banishment. There are the storied
meadows, and there, close to the station, are
willows planted by Acadian hands. On the
slope behind the station are gnarled French
apple trees and stiff French poplars, and a short
way further on is the Gaspereau mouth, where
the exiles embarked.
The ancient Acadian village which Colonel
Winslow and his New Englanders depopulated
so effectually in that eventful Autumn of 1775
is supposed to have extended in a long, thin
line from about where the Grand Pre station of
the Dominion Atlantic now stands to somewhere near the next station of Horton Landing.
Then, as now, the Acadians trailed their villages
along a single street. Close to the station is a
row of gnarled willows, whose branches perchance tell over to the young leaves of each
recurring spring what they saw of Evangeline
and her sorrow. Here, suitably enclosed, is
"Evangeline's Well."
A list of hotels and summer cottages available
for visitors in this romantic country may be
found in the folder "Vacation Days in Nova
Scotia," obtainable from any Canadian Pacific
Railway agent, or from R. U. Parker, General
Passenger Agent, Dominion Atlantic Railway,
Kentville, Nova Scotia. Eastern
Tours
Niagara
Falls
Dominion Square, Montreal, Showing Windsor Station Digby
Harbor,
Nova
Scotia
Algonquin Hotel, St. Andrews-by-the-Sea CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY
OFFICERS OF THE TRAFFIC DEPARTMENT
G.   M.   BOSWORTH,  Vice-President,  Montreal
C. E. E. TJssher Passenger Traffic Manager Montreal
W. R. MacInnes Freight Traffic"'Manager Montreal
Geo. McL. Brown European Manager London, Eng.
C. B. Foster Assistant Passenger Traffic Manager Montreal
C. E. Mcpherson .... Assistant Passenger Traffic Manager Winnipeg
W. H. Snell General Passenger Agent. . *... .V  .Montreal
G. A. Walton General Passenger Agent Winnipeg
H. W. Brodie General Passenger Agent Vancouver
H. E. MacDonnell. . .Assistant Freight Traffic Manager Montreal
W. B. Lanigan Assistant Freight Traffic Manager Winnipeg
H. G. Dring General Passenger Agent London, Eng.
Geo. C. Wells Assistant to Passenger Traffic Manager Montreal
A. O. Seymour General Tourist Agent Montreal
J. O. Apps General Baggage Agent Montreal
J. M. Gibbon General Publicity Agent Montreal
AGENCIES
Auckland N.Z. .Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.). ..
Belfast Ireland. .W^m. McCalla, Agent 41 Victoria Street
Bel ling ham.. .Wash.. W.H. Gordon, Freight and Pass'r Agent. .113 West Holly Street
Birmingham. ..Eng..W. T. Treadaway, Agent 4 Victoria Square
Boston Mass..E.F. L.Sturdee, Gen'l Agt. Pass'r Dept.. .332 Washington Street
Brandon Man. .J. A. McDonald, District Passenger Agent
Brisbane Qd..McDonald, Hamilton & Co	
Bristol Eng. .A. S. Ray, Agent 18 St. Augustines Parade
B-ockvUi. ONT--G^E-M°Glaae.cltrT1^tAs^^
Buffalo N.Y..L. R. Hart, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept 302 Main Street
-  , TxTT,TA rThos. Cook & Son 9 Old Court House St.
Ca,cutta lNDIA\Gillanders, Arbuthnot & Co	
Galgary. ...... Alta..Robert Dawson, District Pass'r Agent. .. 113 Can.Pac.Stn. Bldg.
Canton China. .Jardine, Matheson & Co	
Chicago III. .T. J. Wall,Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept 224 South Clark Street
Cincinnati. . . .Ohio. .M. E. Malone, General AgentPass'r Dept.436 Walnut Street
Cleveland Ohio. .Geo. A.Clifford, Gen'l AgentPass'r Dept .213 Euclid Avenue
Detroit Mich. .A. E. Edmonds, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept .7 Fort Street West
Duluth Minn..Jas. Maney, G. P. A., D.S.S. & A.Ry Fidelity Building
Edmonton . . . .Alta..Chas. S. Fyfe, City Ticket Agent 145 Jasper Ave. East
Everett. ..... .Wash..A. B. Winter, Ticket Agent 1515 Hewitt Avenue
Fort William. . .Ont..A. J. Boreham, City Passenger Agent.. . .404 Victoria Avenue
Glasgow.. .Scotland. .Thos. Russell, Agent 120 St.Vincent Street
Halifax N.S. .J. D. Chipman, City Pass'r and Frt. Agt.. 37 George Street
Hamilton Ont. .A. Craig, City Passenger Agent Cor. King & James Sts.
Hong Kong .. China. .P. D.Sutherland, General Ag't Pass'r Dept.C.P.O.S. (Ltd.)
Honolulu H.L.Theo. H. Davies & Co	
Kansas City. . . .Mo. .K. A. Cook, Traveling Passenger Agent. .441 Sheidley Bldg.
Kingston Ont. .F. Conway, City Freight and Pass'r Agent
v«be Japan..J. D. Abell, Agent, C.P.O.S.(Ltd) 1 Bund
Liverpool. . Eng. .Thomas McNeil, Agent, C.P.O.S. (Ltd) {p£r Head** Bldg"
.       . --X rH. G. Dring, General Passenger Agent.. f62-65 Charing Cross,
London Eng{t. J. Smith, General Freight Agent 1 S. W   and 67-68 King
^William St., E.C.
London Ont. .H. J. McCallum, City Passenger Agent.. 161 Dundas Street
Los Angeles. . . .Cal. .A. A. Polhamus, Gen'l AgentPass'r Dept .708 South Spring Street
Melbourne Aus..Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.) .. .Thos. Cook & Son
Milwaukee Wis..F. T. Sansom, Passenger Agent (Soo Line). 100 Wisconsin Street
Minneapolis. .Minn. .R. S. Elworthy, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept. .402 Nicollet Avenue
Montreal Que. .A. E. Lalande, City Passenger Agent.. . . 141-145 St.JamesStreet
Nagasaki Japan. .Holme, Ringer & Co	
Nelson B.C. .J. S. Carter, District Passenger Agent. . .
< F. R. Ferry, General Agent Pass'r Dept.. /1231 Broadway,
New York N.Y^ G. O. Walton, City Passenger Agent \Cor. 30th Street
^International Sleeping Car Co T281 Fifth Avenue,
VCor. 30th St.
Ottawa Ont. .T. Mullins, City Passenger Agent 42 Sparks Street
Paris France..Aug. Catoni, Agent 1 Rue Scribe
Philadelphia PA..R. C. Clayton, City Passenger Agent 629 & 631 Chestnut St.
Pittsburg Pa. .C. L. Williams, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept. .340 Sixth Avenue
Portland Me. .Leon W. Merrit, T. A., Maine Cent. Rd . .Union Depot
Portland Ore. .J. V. Murphy, Gen'l AgentPass'r Dept.. .55 Third Street
Q u e bee Que .. G. J. P. Moore, City Passenger Agent... {cor^palace HiTT*'
Regina Sask. .J. E. Proctor, District Passenger Agent.. 1812 Scarth Street
SaultSte.Marie.ONT. .H. J. Moorehouse, City Passenger Agent
SaultSte.MarieMicH.W. J. Atchison, City Passenger Agent.. .224 Ashmun Street
St.John N.B..M. G. Murphy, District Passenger Agent .40 and 42 King Street
St.Louis Mo..E. L. Sheehan, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept. .725 Olive Street
St.Paul MiNN..B.E.Smeed, City Pass'r Agent(Soo Line),379 Robert Street
San Francisco. .Cal..F. L. Nason, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept... .645 Market Street
Seattle Wash. .E. E. Penn, General Agent Pass'r Dept.. .713 Second Avenue
Shanghai China. .A. J. Blaisdell, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept...C. P. O. S. (Ltd.)
Sherbrooke.... Que. .E. H. Sewell, City Passenger Agent 74 Wellington Street
Spokane Wash..W. H. Deacon, City Passenger Agent.. . .603 Sprague Avenue
Sydney Aus..Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.) ...
Tacoma Wash. .H. M. Beyers, City Passenger Agent 1113 Pacific Avenue
-•- /^Tm rW.B. Howard, District Passenger Agent\. Tr,n„ a+„^+ t^„+
Toronto °NT{wm. Fulton, Asst. District Pass'r Agent/1 Klng Street East
Vancouver B.C..J. Moe, City Passenger Agent.. 434 Hastings St. West
Victoria B.C. .L. D. Chetham, City Passenger Agent... 1102 Government St.
Washington D.C..C. E. Phelps, City Passenger Agent 1419 N.Y. Avenue
Winnipeg.   ... .Man..A. G. Richardson, District Pass'r Agent. .Main and Portage Ave.
Yokohama . .. Japan. .G. M. Jackson, G.A.P.D., C.P.O.S.(Ltd.) 14 Bund  /^«r-«
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