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St. Andrews by-the-Sea, New Brunswick Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1900

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Reached by the
Canadian Pacific
HE Canadian Province of New Brunswick possesses
a   wonderful   charm   and   attractiveness   during
what is called the heated term elsewhere.    There
are   many   pleasant   resorts   along   this  Atlantic
coast, but nowhere exists a more delightful spot
than St.  Andrews-by-the-Sea, where the con-
ditions   in   beauty   of   environment,   salubrity  of parable
climate and healthfulness of locality reach per- Retreat.
fection.      With  pure salt sea air,   the life-giving breath of the pine,
wondrous scenic splendor, many facilities for the comfortable housing
of visitors—it is an incomparable resting-place and retreat.
A Delightful Spot
St. Andrews-by-the-Sea is located on the south-west corner of
New Brunswick, where the St. Croix river dividing British territory
from the State of Maine, pours its flood into Passamaquoddy Bay—a
long stretch of water completely sheltered from the ocean's storms and
fogs by a great barrier of large and small islands. On a peninsula
reaching far into the Bay stands the little village which once had
great aspirations to commercial importance, but is now happily content
with the prestige and supremacy it has attained as a charming
summering-place with rare attractions. The site of St. Andrews-
by-the-Sea bears the same relation to the bay and river that
Newport News does to the waters of Hampton Roads and the James.
2 u
Cfl Historic Associations
The glamor of historic association envelops the entire region.
Three centuries ago—in the summer of 1604 — the adventurous
Sieur des Monts, piloted by Samuel Champlain, whose name and Champlain.
fame as an explorer are so intimately connected with the discoveries of the northern half of the continent, came from Old
France with a patent royal of all the territory in America between
the   40th and 46th degrees  of north   latitude.      This first   expedition
The Block House
to these waters crossed the Bay of Fundy and ascended the
Schoodic (now St. Croix) river to a small island three miles above
the present site of St. Andrews, which was fortified against the forays
of the red savages who then occupied the land. This is the Doucet's
Island of to-day, but during the long-disputed boundary question No Man's
between the United States and the dependencies of Great Britain in Land.
North America, it was called Neutral Island from the fact that it was
mutually admitted to be neutral ground and enjoyed all the rights and o
o privileges of No Man's Land. On
the establishment of the Independence of the United States, a number
of United Empire Loyalists came
across the border and settled at
St. Andrews, and there are houses
now standing in the town whose
frames were brought from Castine,
Maine, and set up anew here,
while in the Episcopal Church is
displayed the royal coat-of-arms
brought   by   the   staunch Loyalists
from Wallingtbrd, Connecticut, in their flight.    Later St. Andrews was Fort
a garrisoned town, and old Fort Tippzrary and the Block House with TlPPerary.
their grass-grown redoubts and earth works are quaint reminders of Redoubts.
the ancient means of defence of this border-town ; but they now only
serve to recall the fact that this peaceful retreat has been the theatre
of stirring events during the past three hundred years.
Another connecting link with the early part of the last century is
Greenock   Church,   with   its   quaint   high   towering   pulpit   and   old- church.
fashioned box pews.    The  edifice, which   has an interesting history,
was completed in 1824.
A Perfedl Health Resort
Apart    from   its   many    attractive   scenic   and   other    features,
St. Andrews-by-the-Sea can be said to be really noted for its health-
giving climate.    The mean daily temperature is 68 degrees during the perature
entire   heated term, and the charts show that  the belt denoting  the
driest  atmosphere   passes    through   Passamaquoddy   Bay.      Fog  at Fogs
St.    Andrews-by-the-Sea is practically unknown, and fever, epidemic Unknown.
and malarial disorders are absolute strangers.    The peculiar formation
of the   soil allows no   surface water to remain,   the underlying sandstone providing a natural filter through which the water passes, taking Drainage.
with it all deposits on the surface, and the tides, twice a day,  rising
and falling twenty to thirty feet, carry all waste far from shore.    Flies Insects.
and mosquitoes and other insect pests are unknown.
The town itself is quiet and peaceful, and many of its quaint, old-
fashioned streets and by-ways are embowered in trees, making fragrant,
6 ::^:ss*il||::i<§,^
All Saints' Church, St. Andrews To other Hotel Cottages
St. Andrews
St. Andrews-by-the-Sea, New Brunswick, from Algonquin Hotel Verandah shady resting-places for those whose only glimpse of nature during
the greater part of the year is caught in a city's small artificial
parks. Surrounded on three sides by the sea, one sees in all directions
an encircling line of coast, while higher up toward the Chamcook ur^oun
Mountains the eye is charmed by the view seaward. Roses and
hawthorn hedges and every other variety of bright-hued flowers meet Flowers.
the eye and charm the sense in all directions. Wild fruits—strawberries, raspberries, blackberries and blueberries—grow in the
greatest profusion, and in the gardens are the finest flavored cultivated
Summer Delights of St. Andrews
But not alone as a health resort and resting place is St. Andrews-
by-the-Sea attractive.      The water trips   among   or in   the   neighbor- Water
hood of the islands of the Coast ; the boating and sailing and fishing TriPs-
in their waters ; the adaptability of the beaches for sea bathing; the Bathing.
the   countless   diversions   of riding,  driving,  wheeling,  tramping   and
Point Midgic
16 5-
o *     exploring on the shores ; the camping- parties and improvised "settlements" and  outings for dulse; the opportunities for golf, tennis and Pastimes
other pastimes—these all combine to make this a perfect paradise of
summer delights.
As one visitor puts it: " The old place has been a sort of Sleeping
Beauty of the seaside for generations."    It was marked and admired
long before it was dreamed of as a possible summer resort, and always |leepinS
has had a certain patronage of pleasure seekers, even in times when     CaUty*
summer excursions, trips or vacations had little or no place or part in
the life of any class.
Around and About St. Andrews
Out   from   St.   Andrews-by-the-Sea   in   all
directions are perfectly constructed roads, forest- Perfect
lined and shaded, reaching- sheltered  spots by Roads,
ocean and inland lake.    The roads are graded
Smuggler's Cove
18 through red sandstone, and there is no mud^or dust to annoy^or
interfere with the pleasure of the drive. The favorite drives are to
Chamcook Mountains and lakes, and to the Glebe and Bocabec (seven
miles) at the head of Passamaquoddy Bay; the shore road bordering
the river; the Bar road to Mowatt's Grove, and at low water across Drives.
the bar to Minister's Island, the drive to which presents the novelty
once   experienced   by the Children   of Israel—that   of going  through
Chamcook Lake
a passage in the sea which had fallen back on either side.     This drive
takes one through the bed of the ocean twenty feet below sea level at Ocean Bed
high water.    There is the drive through the Cedars past the golf links
to Joe's Point, beyond which is Smuggler's Cove, a noted hiding-place
of those having utter disregard for customs laws and coastguards in
past and gone days.    Another drive  is around  Indian Point,   at   the
extreme end of the peninsula, where from the boulevard at the water's
l9 Tennis Courts, Algonquin Hotel
edge a sea-view embracing the entire bay is commanded.    Delightful
excursions, too,  can be made either by land or water to St. Stephen,
N.B., and Calais, Maine, up the St. Croix; to St. George (where there Excursions.
are extensive granite works and quarries) crossing (if the excursion be
made by land) the Bocabec and Digdequash rivers—two famous trout
streams—where   are   the    Magaguadavic   (pronounced   Mag-a-dave})
Falls, a cascade of remarkable beauty; and to many other interesting
points in the locality.    Horses and carriages are obtainable at moderate Horses and
rates, there being several liveries in the village. Carriages.
To visit the summit of Chamcook, the horses are left at the base
and the ascent accomplished on foot, with a taste of Alpine excitement,
although the climb is a perfectly safe one. Owing to the fact that the
tidewater washes its base, the views from its heights are far grander
than those obtained from greater heights inland. t
The good roads rob bicycling of all its discomforts.    Visitors are Bicycling
advised to bring their own wheels, which, if from the United States,
can be entered free of duty by presenting their L.A.W. certificates at
the custom house.
20 en
U Fishing and Shooting
Splendid   opportunities   are   provided   for  those who   are fond ot
fishing and shooting.
For sea-fishing,   excellent  craft—from   the sloop-rigged " pinkie "
to the schooner—with experienced  skippers,   can be procured  in the
harbor.    Cod, haddock and pollock can be caught in large quantities, Fishing and
and to those who have ever indulged in the sport of deep sea fishing, ShootinS.
nothing need be said concerning the excitement and  pleasure  of  it.
The expense of such a fishing trip, including the skipper with his boat,
lines, bait and provisions, will be from three to  five dollars  per day,   F
which amount isusually divided among four.    In the inland lakes and
rivers in the vicinity of St. Andrews-by-the-Sea the fishing is excellent.
There are about twenty lakes   within  a radius of fifteen miles.    The
fisherman   can   go   to   nearly all the   best  lakes   and   streams   in the
morning, returning in the evening.    In the lakes, during June,   land- Trout«
locked salmon and lake trout may be readily taken with the fly.     In
Golf Links, which will be among the best in the World
Algonquin Golf Club
22 July, August and September, in deep water, the same fish may be taken
with line bait, or by trolling. In the smaller lakes, higher up, quantities
of trout, weighing from a quarter of a pound to a pound, may be taken
with fly, worm or live bait. All the streams abound in the smaller but
equally delicious species of trout.
The small boy—and the bigger one, too—finds great enjoyment in
fishing for tommy cod and smelts off the wharves   and the operation Smelts.
of seining the weirs after sardine herring have been impounded and Tommy
spudging- for them  is  very interesting to strangers.    The   weirs are c°d.
spread around the shores of the Bay and fishing can be viewed from
the shore, but the best way is to go out in a boat around the weir while
the fishermen are catching the fish.    The weirs are built so that at the
rise and fall of the tide the fish flow into them ; then the man on watch
closes the mouth of the weir, the fish are then held in the weir until the
arrival of the buyers from the sardine factories.    The fishermen then
go into the weir and take the fish out with seines.    There is considerable   excitement  at   times in   weir  fishing.     The fish are  sometimes
chased by the huge horse mackerel, silver hake, squid, skulpin, skate
and dog fish.
Spudging  for   herring  is   a different   process   from   weir  fishing.  Herring.
Spudging is done at night so that the fish cannot see the net.    Four or
five boats go together and, while some of the boats with nets watch spudging.
for the  fish the other boats  beat the  fish towards them by making a
noise with their oars in the row-locks, which is called " drumming."
The man with the gun also finds, in season, excellent opportunities
for sport.    There are red deer, fox, rabbit,   partridge, duck and snipe Guides.
in plenty, and generally good shooting is found within easy distance of
the town.    Indian and natvie guides,  with canoes, can be  secured to Camping.
accompany parties for from $1.50 to $2.50 per day, which includes use
of canoe and camp outfit.
Sea Bathing
There is excellent sea bathing at half a dozen different points,
the most frequented being the Block House Beach and Katie's Cove
(a few minutes' walk from the Algonquin), where a number of bath
houses are erected. The Birch Trees, near Indian Point, the Bar
Road and Joe's Point, near the Golf Links, are also favorite resorts for
23 CO
u Yachting and Boating
No grander yachting waters in the world than those of Passamaquoddy Bay can be found. There is an absolute freedom from sudden Very Safe
squalls or storms, which render them perfectly safe, so that inexperienced persons may venture out without danger. The Bay is annually
visited by yachting parties from New York, Boston and other Atlantic
coast cities.
Small steam yachts and other pleasure craft can be chartered, and
during the season many excursions are made to Deer Island, Campo
Bello, Grand Manon,  N.B.,  Eastport, Pembroke and Lubec,  Me., up
The Algonquin
the St. Croix and to various other points of interest on Passamaquoddy
Bay and adjoining waters. The craft which will accommodate from
fifteen to fifty persons can be hired for from $10 to $25 per day.
The Algonquin Hotel
The leading hotel, The Algonquin, was recently purchased by the
Canadian Pacific Railway and has been added to their Hotel
System. The Algonquin is charmingly situated on Fort Hill overlooking
the   town and   facing  the   bay.    From   the  broad   piazzas forming a
25 ii:#;r m
I   1 ! W matchless promenade, may be
had an unobstructed view
covering seventy-five miles in
extent. Every
bedroom has a
salt water out,
look. There are
open fire places
in all public
rooms and steam
heat in halls on
every floor. The
Hotel will be
opened   about
June 20th and remain open until about September 15th. Applications
for Rooms, Rates and floor plans may be made to Hotel Department, C.P.R., Montreal, Canada.
View from the Algonquin Hotel
Homes for Summer Visitors
A few delightful cottages have
been erected in close proximity
to the Algonquin. They are
elegantly furnished and
equipped with every modern
convenience. They are not
designed for housekeeping
purposes but are taken care
of by the hotel servants, and
the occupants take their
meals at the Hotel. They are
supplied with gas and hot
and cold water from the
Hotel plant. Telephone
connection with the Hotel.
A Summer Home
27 In the village are Kennedy's and other comfortable Hotels and
board and rooms can be secured in private residences at from $5.00 to
$10.00 per week.
Patrons come from all parts of America and some ot them,
enamored of the beauties of the region, have erected handsome
cottages in which their vacation days are spent.
Along the Bar Road
How to get There
St. Andrews-by-the-Sea is easily reached from all directions.
From Boston and New York there is a choice of routes, either by rail
or steamer; and from Montreal, Ottawa, Toronto and other points
west  in   Canada and in the   United States, by the Canadian Pacific
28  Short Line from Montreal direct to St. Andrews with a through sleeping
car from Montreal every Tuesday and Friday night (returning leaving
St. Andrews every Wednesday and Monday). Dining cars are attached
to these trains.
For further information as to rates, routes and reservations in
sleeping cars, apply to the nearest Agent of the Canadian Pacific
Railway, or to
C B. FOSTER, District Passenger Agent,   71 Yonge Street, Toronto.
A. E, LALANDE, City Passenger Agent, 129 St. James Street, Montreal.
GEO. DUNCAN, City Passenger Agent, 42 Sparks Street, Ottawa, Ont.
W. J. GRANT, Cor. King and James Streets, Hamilton, Ont.
W. FULTON, City Passenger Agent, 161 Dundas Street, London, Ont.
R. A. BURFORD, City Passenger Agent, 233 Main Street, Buffalo.
D. ISAACS, Prospect House, Niagara Falls, N.Y.
A. E. EDMONDS, City Passenger Agent, 7 Fort Street 'West, Detroit, Mich.
A. C  SHAW, General Agent, Passenger Dept., 232 South Clark Street, Chicago.
G. W. HIBBARD, General Passenger Agent, Marquette Route, Marquette, Mich.
W. R. CALLAWAY, General Passenger Agent, Soo Line, Minneapolis, Minn.
W. S. THORN, Assistant General Passenger Agent, Soo Line, St. Paul, Minn.
J. HONE, City Passenger Agent, 30 St. John St., Cor. Palace Hill, Quebec.
F. R. PERRY, Acting District Passenger Agent, 8 King Street, St. John, N.B.
C E. E. USSHER, General Passenger Agent, Eastern Lines, MONTREAL, Can.
3« Publications
Issued by the
Canadian Pacific
Railway Company
"The New Highway to the Orient" "Summer Tours"
'Quebec, Summer and Winter" "Fishing and Shooting"
"Montreal" "Climates of Canada"
"Timagaming, the Algonquin Paradise"
'St. Andrews-by-the-Sea" "Westward to the Far East"
"Annotated Time Table" "Around the World"
"The Challenge of the Mountains"
'Hints About Camping" "Across Canada to Australia"
"Open Seasons—Fishing and Shooting"
'Chats with the C.P.R." "Handbook and Time Table"
"Compartment Cars" "Tourist Cars"
"The Glaciers"
HPHESE publications are handsomely illustrated, and contain much
useful information in interesting shape. The "Annotated Time
Table" will be found a valuable companion for all transcontinental
travellers. Other pamphlets descriptive of the Dominion—"Western
Canada," "British Columbia," "Words from the Women of Western
Canada," etc.—are also issued by the Company. Copies may be
obtained FREE from Agents of the Company, or will be mailed to any
address on application. The Company has also published a new map,
on the polar projection, showing the whole of the northern hemisphere
and the Canadian Pacific Railway's Around the World Route in a novel
and interesting way, and another of Canada and the northern half of
the United States, showing the entire system of the Company in detail.
These maps will be given away for public and prominent display.
Another useful map is the "Sportsman's Map of Canada," presenting
the regions for the different large and small and feathered game and
the principal fishing waters.
Canadian Pacific Railway
Hotel System


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