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Eastern tours through the Canadian Pacific Rockies Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1921

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Name of Hotel, Plan,
Distance from Station
and Transfer Charge.
St. Andrews, N. B.
The Algonquin—           A
June 20-
Golf, Bathing, Boat-
1 mile—50 cents.
McAdam, N. B.
Sept. 30
i n g , Yachting.
Bay, St. Croix
McAdam Hotel—         A
All year
Hunting in Season.
At Station.
Quebec,   Que.
Chateau Frontenac—   E
All year
Scenic and Historical
1 mile—50 cents.
interest, Golf,
Motoring (Plains of
Abraham, St. Anne
de Beaupre).
Montreal, Que.
Place Viger Hotel—      E
All year
Historical and Scenic
At Place Viger
interest. Mt. Royal
Station. 1 y miles from
and St. Lawrence
Windsor Station—
50 cents.
Winnipeg,   Man.
The Royal Alexandra—E
All year
Golf, Motoring, cen
At Station.
tre of Canadian
West.   (Site of old
Fort Garry).
Calgary, Alta.
Hotel Palliser—             E
All year
Golf, Motoring, Fish
At Station.
ing, (Trout).
Banff, Alta.
Banff Springs Hotel— E
May 15-
Mountain drives and
iy miles—50 cents.
Sept. 30
climbs, Golf, Bathing, Fishing (Trout)
Boating, Riding,
(Rocky Mountains
Lake Louise, Alta.
Chateau Lake Louise—E
June 1-
Boating, Mountain
Sy miles—50 cents.
Sept. 30
climbs, Pony trails,
Narrow Gauge Railway
Fishing (Trout),
Emerald Lake (near
Field), B. C.
Emerald Lake Chalet—A
July 1-
Boating, Fishing
7 miles—$1.00.
Sept. 15
(Trout), Pony trails
to    Yoho    Valley,
Takakkaw   Falls,
Glacier, B. C.
Glacier House—            A
July 1-
Pony trails,  Climbs,
iy miles—50 cents.
Sept. 15
Exploring Glaciers,
Sicamous, B. C.
Hotel Sicamous—          A
All year
Boating, Fishing
At Station.
(Trout). (Sicamous
Penticton, B. C.
Hotel Incola—               A
All year
Boating Okanagan
Near Steamer Wharf.
Lake. Fishing (Lake
Cameron Lake, B. C.
Cameron Lake Chalet—A
May 1-
Fishing (Trout), Boat
Vancouver Island.
Sept. 30
ing,   Splendid   forests.   (Salmon fishing adjacent).
Vancouver, B. C.
Hotel Vancouver—       E
All year
Golf, Motoring, Fish
y mile—25 cents.
ing, Steamboat excursions.
Victoria, B. C.
Empress Hotel—           E
All year
Golf, Motoring, Yacht
200 yards.—25 cents
ing, Sea and stream
A—American Plan.  E—-European Plan.
A. ALLERTON, General Sup<
Canadian Pacific
Hotels, Montreal.
1 *..
THE discovery of a route for the Canadian
Pacific Railway across the Rockies took
twelve years, but never was labor better rewarded.
The last spike connecting East and West was
driven thirty-six years ago, on November 7,
1885, and the millions who have since travelled
along this wonderful highway, cut out of the
precipitous cliffs of the Fraser Canyon, winding
under the snow-capped peaks of three vast
ranges, crossing and recrossing foaming torrents
deep down below—these millions have one unanimous thought, that for sheer grandeur the route
of the Canadian Pacific Railway is without rival.
It takes twenty-four consecutive hours on an
express train to cross the Canadian Pacific
Rockies. The wise man breaks his journey so
that he can see it all by daylight, and to assist
this praiseworthy intention the Canadian Pacific
has constructed mountain hotels at convenient
points along the line, where one may rest and
perhaps spend some time exploring among the
glaciers, riding on sure-footed ponies on the
mountain trails, or climbing with experienced
Swiss guides the peaks which challenge one's
skill and courage. Sicamous is a half-way house
between Vancouver and Calgary, and those who T-
^v/ -  • \ ^.., .   ,- -, r ^>>;>;
TOURS      through     the     CANADIAN     PACIFIC      ROCKIES
have no time to stop off elsewhere, but still wish
to make an all-daylight trip through the mountains, will find here a comfortable hotel.
After the Rockies come 900 miles of prairie—
fertile farming land, producing the finest milling
wheat in the world. Then a thousand miles of
romantic forest and stream and rock, or if you
choose to vary the rail journey, take ship at
Fort William across the Great Lakes and pass
through Sault Ste. Marie to Lake Huron and
eastern Ontario. Toronto, within easy reach
of Niagara Falls, Ottawa, the capital of the
Dominion, Montreal, under the shadow of Mount
Royal, Quebec, the fortress city commanding the
St. Lawrence—these are surely not to be passed
by too quickly. Here we are on historic ground,
of real interest to Americans as well as Canadians.
For Quebec, in the old French Canadian days,
and even later under the British flag, held sway
over the great country south of the Great Lakes,
with outposts on the Mississippi.
A stop-over of at least one day at each of the
Canadian Pacific Hotels in the mountains—
Glacier House, Emerald Lake Chalet, Chateau
Lake Louise and Banff Springs Hotel—jshould
be arranged.
A bungalow camp has been planned for a picturesque
site adjacent to Field, particularly convenient for those
desiring to visit the Yoho Valley. It is anticipated that
this will be ready for the summer season of 1921.  I
Travelling through the Canadian Pacific Rockies
during the summer is most delightful, because of
the comparatively cool temperature in the mountains north of the international boundary line.
DASSENGERS from California have the choice
* of either a rail trip or a sea voyage, at slight
additional cost, from San Francisco to Portland
or Seattle.
To Victoria and Vancouver, from Seattjle, the
Canadian Pacific Railway operates the magnificent " Princess'' steamers. The fastest and best
equipped on the Pacific coastwise trade, these
have an average speed of eighteen knots per
hour, and are in constant touch by wireless with
land stations en route. This is the most enjoyable 165-mile sheltered water trip in America,
and  passengers   travelling  eastward  from   Cali
fornia or points in the Pacific States via the
Canadian Pacific Railway may include this
delightful voyage without additional expense.
The scenery is of ever-changing beauty.
(CHARMINGLY situated on Vancouver Island,
^ overlooking the Straits of Juan de Fuca,
Victoria has been aptly described as being a
transported section of Old England- It is distinctly a home city, although its enterprising
business district, composed of imposing stores
and tall office buildings, speaks of a rich commerce drawn from a territory full of mineral and
agricultural resources. Victoria's beauty lies in
her residential distiicts, her boulevards, her parks
and her public buildings. The Parliament Buildings of British Columbia rank among the handsomest in America.
The Empress Hotel, first of the chain of Canadian Pacific hostelries,
is the most beautiful hotel on the North Pacific Coast. It overlooks
the inner harbour and is within a stone's throw of the Parliament
buildings.    Golf facilities are provided for visitors to the hotel.
From Victoria delightful excursions may be made into the interior
of Vancouver Island either by automobile or by the Esquimalt &
Nanaimo Railway. The Malahat Drive is one of the most picturesque
motor roads in America. Excellent hotels are to be found at Shawnigan
Lake and Qualicum Beach and a delightful little chalet inn at Cameron
Lake. Mount Arrowsmith provides a very interesting climb and
Qualicum Beach has a good sporting golf course. There is no better
fishing on the Pacific Coast than that which one finds on the Campbell
River, reached by motor from Courtenay, the northern terminus of
the Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway. The immense Douglas fir forest
on this beautiful island and the balmy climate make it wonderfully
attractive to the tourist.
THE terminal of the Canadian Pacific's transcontinental   rail  lines  and  its   trans - Pacific
steamship routes, Vancouver is the largest commercial centre in British Columbia.
Vancouver rests on the shores of Burrard
Inlet and has an excellent harbour nearly landlocked and fully sheltered. It faces a beautiful
range of mountains that are tipped with snow
the year round. Two peaks, silhouetted against
the sky, remarkably resembling two couchant
lions, are visible from almost any point in the
city or on the harbour, which has been appropriately termed "The Lions' Gate."
The Hotel Vancouver (with 500 rooms) of the Canadian Pacific
Hotel System is second to none on the Pacific Coast, and has a high
reputation for the excellence of its service. Wonderful views can be
had from the roof.
[Page Two]
In and around Vancouver are immense lumber and shingle mills,
having big payrolls and tremendous outputs. Mining, lumbering,
fanning and shipping and shipbuilding form the bulwark of the city's
growth and prosperity.
It is only a short run by Canadian Pacific steamer to Nanaimo,
where the Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway connects with the beauty
spots of Vancouver Island.
From Vancouver the Company's famous "Princess" steamers offer
splendid service to Victoria, Seattle, Northern British Columbia, and
Alaska: the "White Empresses" cross the Pacific to Japan, China and
Manila. The Canadian-Australasian Line runs regularly from Vancouver to Honolulu, Suva (Fiji), New Zealand and Australia.
VJ^INDING along for 500 continuous miles
** east of Vancouver the main line of the
Canadian Pacific leads through scenery such as
can be found nowhere else on earth. Only a few
miles out of Vancouver the steel trail begins to
twfist and turn its way through a gigantic fairyland of unbelievable beauty and magnificence.
The stupendous masses of rock, piled literally
to the sky, crowned with scintillating snow which
reflects back the sunlight in all the colors of the
spectrum, are only a part of the panorama
unreeled, mile by mile, as the train proceeds.
Hope is the junction for the Kettle Valley
Railway, a new branch line to the orchards of
thle southern Okanagan Valley and the Kootenays,
the mining districts of southern British Columbia,
arid the prairies of southern Alberta, thus providing an interesting alternative route to the
m^iin line.
After leaving Hope, the railway passes through a
spectacular series of tunnels pierced through high cliffs
overlooking the deep canyon of the Coquihalla River.
There is good trout fishing at Othello and, indeed, all
th<; way up the river to Summit. Jessica is the third
station within about two miles or so of Ladner Creek,
in a district of great natural beauty. At Portia the
railway reaches an elevation of about 2,000 feet above
sea level. The country has a very rocky, mountainous
aspect at the next station, which is called I ago, to keep
up the Shakespearean tradition. Near Romeo there is
a charming view looking up towards a bald, rocky mountain from Slide Creek bridge. Coquihalla Summit is
opposite two delightful lakes. From this point the track
falls both ways, the average gradient going west being
about 2.2 per cent, whilst that going east is much lighter,
or about I per cent. The elevation of Coquihalla Summit
is about 3,300 feet above sea level. The lakes are full
of jtrout and are most interesting from a geological point
of view on account of the many crater holes in the formation, caused, it is supposed, from gaseous emanations
in ages past. Juliet, the next station, is eternally separated from Romeo by the summit. At Slide Creek there
are some picture rocks, rude representations of a horse,
supposed to have been painted by the Indians at some
•,*. }iw  J
EASTERN    TOURS      through     the     CANADIAN     PACIFIC     ROCKIES
remote date. Penticton, at the lower end of Okanagan
Lake, is half way house to Nelson, and as such has an
excellent hotel, the Incola. The balmy, equable climate
of the lower Okanagan Valley, the excellent motoring,
the delightful bathing, the opportunities for motorboat-
ing, sailing, fishing, and, at the proper seasons, for hunting, combine to make this an ideal holiday resort. Penticton is in the centre of one of the most fertile orchard
districts in British Columbia and as such has a well-settled
community to take part in any social activities. Penticton
is also the southern terminus of the Canadian Pacific
steamers plying on the Okanagan Lake, the northern
terminus being Okanagan Landing, which has excellent
train service through Vernon to Sicamous, on the main
line of the Canadian Pacific Railway. From Penticton
the railway climbs up through the benches to a height
which commands a magnificent view of Okanagan Lake,
then descends through forest-clad ranges by romantic
canyons till the farms and settlements of the lower Kettle
Valley are reached. After the junction is made with the
Canadian Pacific Railway at Midway, the train passes
by lake and mountain till the beautiful defile of the Columbia River is reached. Out of the windows one looks
down upon the sapphire waters of that noble stream,
flanked by tall trees and overtowering heights. The
train reaches Nelson in the evening and though the boat
for the East dees not leave till next morning, one can go
straight on board to one's comfortable berth.
North Bend is situated in the heart of the
Fraser Canyon, amid awe-inspiring surroundings. The Canyon of the Thompson is entered
between North Bend and Ashcroft. Its angry
waters rush along in a perfect maelstrom.
Kamloops is in the centre of an orchard district and provides, at Fish Lake and other waters
in the vicinity, wonderful trout fishing.
At Sicamous the traveller may take the branch
line train to Vernon and other points lin the
Okanagan Valley. At Sicamous the Canadian
Pacific Railway has a comfortable hotel, which
forms an excellent headquarters for those who
wish to stay over for the daylight trip through
the mountains.
From Revelstoke (see page 6 for Alternative
Route) the line passes through Twin Butte to
Albert Canyon. Just east of the statidn the
train runs suddenly along the very brink of
several remarkably deep fissures in the solid
rock, whose walls rise straight up hundreds of
feet on both sides to wooded crags, above which
sharp distant peaks cut the sky. The most
impressive of these canyons is the Albert, where
the river is seen nearly one hundred and fifty
feet below the railway, compressed into a boiling
flume scarcely twenty feet wide.
VfEAR the summit of the Selkirk Range lies
^ Glacier, in the midst of a region of mighty
peaks and glaciers. Seeming but a few hundred
feet away from the hotel, but in reality more
than two miles, the massive ice piles of the great
lllecillewaet Glacier heap up. To its left towers
the monolith of Mount Sir Donald to a height
of a mile and a quarter above the railway. Here
another of the Canadian Pacific's mountain hotels
affords an opportunity for a delightful sojourn.
Leading from the hotel, a good trail follows the turbulent course of the lllecillewaet River to the Great
lllecillewaet Glacier and valley; other trails branch off
in all directions, inviting and leading the mountain-
climber, explorer and lover of Nature to scenes of marvelous grandeur and enchanting beauty. Glacier Crest,
Lake Marion and Observation Point are among the
shorter and easier ascents. Mount Abbott is a day's
climb, but not a difficult one. From its summit an
exceptionally fine view is obtained of the Asulkan Valley.
Easy trails also lead up to the summits of Eagle Peak
and Mount Avalanche. The ascent of Mount Sir Donald
is more difficult, but with the assistance of experienced
guides may readily be accomplished.
An excellent trail leads to the Asulkan Glacier, through
scenes of Alpine splendor, and the marble-flowered Caves
of Nakimu are only distant about seven miles from Glacier
House by carriage road and bridle path. These wonderful caverns have been formed by the action of water for
ages upon the solid rock, and form a series of chambers
with large entrances, polished rock ceilings, and walls
which sparkle with quartz crystals and reflect myriads
of miniature lights.
After leaving Glacier Station the train enters
the double-track Connaught Tunnel, the longest
tunnel in North America, which pierces its way
through Mount Macdonald. From portal to
portal this tunnel measures five miles, but so
straight is the line that the exits are never out
of sight.
The train now descends the eastern slopes of
the Selkirks into the upper Columbia Valley,
where, at Golden, a branch line runs south
through the lovely Windermere district, with
its newly settled farms and orchards. Access to a
wonderful  hunting   and Alpine climbing  region
is obtained from this great valley. (See page
10.) Near Golden is Edelweiss, in which the
Swiss guides attached to the Canadian Pacific
hotels have their farms and homes.
At Lake Windermere, south of Golden, a bungalow cabin camp was
opened last summer on the shores of one of the loveliest warm winter
lakes in British Columbia, with every facility for bathing, boating,
riding and motoring in a country of exceptional beauty. It proved
very popular, and attracted many visitors to this district.
171 ELD is the junction for Emerald Lake
chalet (7 miles), situated on the shores of
one of the most beautiful mountain lakes in
A bungalow camp has been planned for the convenience
of visitors to the Yoho Valley and the wonderful Glaciers.
It I is anticipated that this camp will be ready for the
sujnmer season of 1921.
I7MERALD LAKE is reached from Field by a good
carriage road down the bank of the Kicking Horse
River, and thence around the base of Mount Burgess.
Or* the wooded shore of this beautiful lake the Canadian
Pabific has built a picturesque Swiss chalet.
It is an extremely beautiful eleven-mile drive to the
celebrated Takakkaw Falls, in the Yoho Valley, a silver
thread of glacial origin dropping 1,200 feet into a still
and mighty-treed valley. A trail continues up the valley,
past Laughing Falls, and the great Wapta Glacier to the
curious Twin Falls, two immense jets of spray that unite
in mid-air. The trail leads to a point above the falls
from which a wonderful view may be obtained. Other
pleasant excursions from Field may be made to points of
interest within a short distance of Field—such as the
Fojssil Beds, Aerial Silver Mines, Natural Bridge and
Monarch Mine Cabins.
Between Field and Hector, near the summit
of the Rockies, one of the greatest engineering
feats of the century has been accomplished.
T<j> reduce the steep grade of the western slope
of 1 the Rockies, the line has been lengthened,
and two immense spiral tunnels have been
driven through the solid rock, each tunnel with
approaches making a complete loop of track.
TT IS three and a half miles by narrow-gauge
motor line from the Canadian Pacific Railway
station to Lake Louise.  : '■
EASTERN    TOURS      through    the     CANADIAN     PACIFIC     ROCKIES
Lake Louise bears the liquid music, the soft
color notes of its name, into the realm of the
visible. Behind its turquoise mirror rise the
stark immensities of Mounts Lefroy and Victoria,
the latter V the big snow mountain above the Lake
of Little Fishes," of which the wandering Stony
Indians used to tell. Here, on the margin of this
most perfect lake, the Canadian Pacific has placed
its Chateau in one of those wonderful Alpine
flower gardens in which the Rockies abound.
Yellow violets and columbines, white anemones
and green orchids, make merry with the red-
flowered sheep laurel and the bright Iceland
poppy. Be he never so lazy, the tourist has
something to reward him in this gay garden
backed with the rich-toned lake and the milky
green of the glacier.    One writer says:
"In the lake, ever changing, is Beauty herself, as nearly visible to mortal eyes as she may
ever be. The water, beyond the flowers, is
green, always a different green. Then a little
wind awakes in the distance and ruffles the surface, yard by yard, covering it with a rhyriad
tiny wrinkles, till the lake is milky emerald
while the rest still sleeps. And at length the
whole is astir and the sun catches it and Lake
Louise is a web of laughter, the opal distillation
of all the buds of all the Spring."
ETROM Lake Louise (altitude 5,670 feet) good trails
A lead to the principal features of interest in the vicinity.
It is an easy ascent to Mirror Lake (altitude, 6,550 feet)
and Lake Agnes (altitude, 6,875 feet) which literally
nestle amid the clouds, encircled by majestic peaks.
The trail continues to the Big Beehive, commanding
magnificent views of mountains, lakes and glaciers. It
is a three-mile trip to Saddleback Mountain, which
affords an admirable view of the lovely Paradise Valley.
At a distance of about ten miles is Moraine Lake, situated
at the head of the valley of the Ten Peaks, and reached
over a good carriage road. Good camping facilities are
afforded on the shore of. the lake in the midst of scenic
surroundings of surpassing beauty and grandeur. Consolation Lake, about three miles further by trail, provides good trout fishing. The Victoria Glacier, a great
palisade of hanging snow, Abbot Pass, a deep canyon
between Mounts Victoria and Lefroy, O'Hara Lake, set
amid scenes of wild Alpine grandeur, Cataract Creek,
Paradise Valley and the Ptarmigan Lakes, are among
the notable spots well worthy of a visit.
ETOR many years Banff, the gateway to Rocky
Mountains National Park, has attracted tourists and lovers of Nature from all corners of the
earth. Situated in the heart of the Canadian
Pacific Rockies, in the midst of primeval surroundings, with a wilderness of untrodden crags
and peaks radiating in every direction and
abounding in game of large and small variety,
it bids the photographer, the naturalist, and the
mountain-climber welcome. The traveller seeking a holiday can find all his wants supplied at
the finest mountain hotel in the world, the
Canadian Pacific Banff Springs Hotel, recently
much enlarged. Sulphur springs and bathing
pools, also an excellent golf course and tennis
court, form some of the many attractions at
this resort.
TTHERE are many interesting spots in the vicinity, all
easily accessible by good carriage roads and bridle
paths. A short distance from Banff Springs Hotel are
the Bow Falls, a cataract of wonderful beauty; Tunnel
Mountain, from which a splendid view of the valley is
obtained, and the Cave and Basin, a remarkable formation
from which gush natural sulphur springs. Within a radius
of three miles are the Hoodoos, natural concrete pillars
of various shapes and sizes, Cascade Mountain, Stoney
Squaw Mountain, the beautiful Vermilion Lakes, the
animal paddocks and Sun Dance Canyon, a deep and
curious cleft in the mountain. At a distance of nine
miles is Lake Minnewanka, a pretty sheet of water,
extremely deep, and walled in by tremendous cliffs. The
lake is sixteen miles long, with a width of from one to
two miles. Two steam launches make the round trip
daily. There are attractive automobile trips, as for
instance to Johnston Canyon, near Castle Mountain,
through which an excellent trail to the great waterfall
has recently been cut. The Banff-Windermere automobile road on the Vermillion Pass has now made it easy to
visit the exquisitely beautiful Marble Canyon.
COON after leaving Banff the country changes
in character, and instead of viewing a sea
of mountain peaks and snow-capped ranges,
prosperous ranches and farms are spread out
on either side of the tracks. Calgary enjoys the
distinction of being the largest city in the fertile
and prosperous Province of Alberta.
Calgary is the headquarters of the great irrigation system of the Canadian Pacific Railway.
This is the largest undertaking of its kind in
America and is well worth a visit. From Calgary a branch line runs to Edmonton, the capital
of| Alberta.
At Calgary the Canadian Pacific Railway
operates another immense hotel, the Hotel
Palliser, undoubtedly the most imposing stiuc-
ture in Calgary. Externally the building is
French Renaissance. It comprises ten floors,
with a roof garden and sun parlor on the roof,
from which a magnificent view of the snowcapped Rockies can be had. There are no
"inside rooms" in the Palliser, it being so built
that every room gets sufficient light. A magnificent ball room and palm room are other
attractive features.
Medicine Hat, called by Kipling "the town
that was born lucky," is lighted with natural
gas, the low price of which has attracted many
industries to this city.
DY leaving the main line of the Canadian Pacific at
Revelstoke, travellers can obtain a delightful alternative route to Medicine Hat, via Arrowhead, at the
head of the beautiful Arrow Lakes, by steamer to West
Robson, thence by rail to Nelson, where steamer is again
taken on the charming Kootenay River to Kootenay
Landing, connecting with the Crowsnest Pass Branch of
the Canadian Pacific Railway.
From Kootenay Landing to Medicine Hat the route
leads through the rich mining regions of the Kootenay
and the vast agricultural districts of Southern Alberta,
via the Crowsnest Branch of the Canadian Pacific Railway. At Medicine Hat the main line of the Canadian
Pacific is again resumed.
ETROM Spokane and Kingsgate one may join the
Crowsnest Branch of the Canadian Pacific, through
a romantic mining region to Medicine Hat, on the main
line. From Medicine Hat easterly the line of travel
includes Swift Current and Moose Jaw, also on the main
line of the Canadian Pacific Railway. At Moose Jaw
the traveller has another choice, and may to go Chicago
via St. Paul and Minneapolis, or via St. Paul and Sault
Ste. Marie to Montreal, travelling over the Soo Line, or
may continue over the main line of the Canadian Pacific
..VSV>;   .-,
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IPage Six]
-II   >v
EASTERN    TOURS      through    the     CANADIAN     PACIFIC     ROCKIES
via Winnipeg to Montreal. If desired, tickets will be
routed via Winnipeg and St. Paul. Certain tickets allow
stop-over privileges at all the large cities in Canada, and
the option of at least two different routes, but routes
must be selected prior to purchasing ticket, From
Spokane another route is through the beautiful Kootenay
and Arrow Lakes, via Kingsgate, Nelson, West Robson
and Arrowhead, to Revelstoke, on the main line of the
Canadian Pacific Railway.
A NEW alternative route of exceptional beauty leaves
**• the main line at Golden and goes south through
the valley lying between the Rockies and the Selkirk
Mountains to join the Crowsnest Branch at Colvalli.
The Lake Windermere Bungalow Camp (opened last summer) is a centre in this valley for excursions up Toby Creek
and Horse Thief Creek to the great glaciers of the Selkirks;
there is also a comfortable tourist hotel at Invermere, near
Lake Windermere Station. There are curative hot springs
at Sinclair and Fairmount.
CONTINUING   our   journey across the prairies from
Medicine  Hat,   the most important towns passed on
the way to Winnipeg are:   Swift Current,  Moose Jaw,
Regina,   Indian Head,  Brandon and Portage la Prairie.
CITUATED at the confluence of the Red and the
Assiniboine rivers, both navigable by steamers, Winnipeg handles more wheat than any other port on the
North American continent. It is the capital of the
Province of Manitoba. Formerly it was the Hudson's
Bay Company's chief trading post, Fort Garry. A network of rail lines connect Winnipeg with all parts of the
continent in much the same way as Chicago is linked to
all parts of North America. Here the Canadian Pacific
Railway has the largest individual railway yards in the
world, having nearly 300 miles of trackage. The Canadian
Pacific Railway has a magnificent hotel at Winnipeg, the
Royal Alexandra.
From Winnipeg a branch line of the Canadian Pacific
Railway runs south, connecting at Emerson with the
train service of the Soo Line to Minneapolis, St. Paul
and Chicago. A through train is operated between
Winnipeg and the Twin Cities.
► Leaving the province of Manitoba at Telford, the Lake
of the Woods district in Ontario is entered, where flour
mills, pulp mills and sawmills are in operation day and
night. The prairies are left behind and the traveller passes
through a picturesque region of forests, lakes, rivers, rocks
and ravines to Fort William and Port Arthur, at the head
of the Great Lakes. Fort William is situated at the
mouth of the Kaministiquia River, a broad, deep stream,
with firm banks, affording extraordinary advantages for
lake traffic. The fine steel lake steamships of the Canadian Pacific railway Company ply between here and Port
McNicoll,   thus   giving   the   tourist   practically  a  water
route to Toronto. Conveniences to be found only on
trans-oceanic steamers are to be had on these magnificent
passenger steamships.
DY BOARDING a Canadian Pacific Railway steamer
^ at Fort William, the traveller may travel down the
Kaministiquia River, passing Port Arthur on Thunder
Bay, thence across the bay and rounding Thunder Cape,
directly across Lake Superior to Sault Ste. Marie, a large
manufacturing city. From here the route followed is
down St. Mary's River, through the new channel of Hay
Lake and across Lake Huron and Georgian Bay to Port
McNicoll, where a transfer from boat to train is made,
and the traveller reaches Toronto.
T70LLOWING on by the main line, at Nipigon,
* situated at the mouth of the Nipigon River,
fishermen from many, many miles gather yearly
to capture the speckled trout, averaging from
three to eight pounds.
Sudbury is the junction point, where the main
line of the Canadian Pacific to Toronto leaves
the main line to Montreal. This gives the third
optional route from Winnipeg to Montreal, viz.,
one lake and one rail, via Toronto, and one direct
via the Sudbury-Montreal main line. Within a
few miles of Sudbury, and reached by two short
lines of railway, are the most extensive copper
and nickel deposits known in the world.
AT SUDBURY the important subdivision—which
crosses the St. Mary's River on an immense steel
bridge at Sault Ste. Marie, and which follows the north
shore of Lake Huron—joins the main line. Through
trains, having every modern improvement, are operated
via this route from Minneapolis and St. Paul to Montreal.
Connection is also made at Sault Ste. Marie with trains
from Duluth.
WITH over 500,000 inhabitants, Toronto holds
yv second place among the cities of Canada
and is growing rapidly in population, wealth and
industry. It is noted for its beautiful residential
districts, its high buildings, its well-lighted and
paved streets, spacious parks, excellent boulevards and also for its Fair, attended each year
by nearly   one million visitors.    The  Canadian
[Page Ten]
Pacific Railway's office building here is one of
the landmarks of the city.
From Toronto there are many short and very interesting trips to pleasure resorts and places of picturesque
and historical interest.
Those who make their eastbound journey by way of
Toronto have the option of travelling from Toronto by
the Lake Ontario Shore Line of the Canadian Pacific
Railway to Montreal, or via Peterboro. Tickets between
Toronto and Montreal will be honored via Ottawa if desired.
'"THE capital of the Dominion is picturesquely
situated at the junction of the Rideau and
Ottawa rivers. The residence of His Excellency
the Governor-General, the Duke of Devonshire—
Rideau Hall—is within the city limits. Very inspiring are the great Parliament Buildings, which
have been reconstructed after their destruction by
fire in 1916. A beautiful park and excellent motor
roads make Ottawa a very attractive city for
resident or tourist.
ETAST trains connect Toronto, Ottawa and
Montreal, the largest city of Canada. Montreal has a population of nearly 900,000 and is the
headquarters for the Canadian Pacific Railway.
From Mount Royal, after which the city was
named, Montreal appears spread out like an
immense relief map. One may spend hours on
the summit of this mountain gazing on the magnificent panorama of the city and the St. Lawrence River. The Canadian Pacific Place Viger
Hptel is one of the city's best.
ETROM Montreal it is but a few hours' ride
over the Canadian Pacific Railway to Quebec, which, with its old-time walled city, its
Chateau Frontenac, the excellent Canadian
Pacific hotel, its French-speaking population,
crooked streets, curious vehicles, and its enchanting atmosphere, is easily the most romantic place
in Canada. The Chateau Frontenac, built on
the site of the old Chateau St. Louis, is a modern
hotel built on the pattern of an old chateau,
commanding magnificent views of the great
St. Lawrence River.    EASTERN    TOURS      through    the     CANADIAN     PACIFIC     ROCKIES
CCENERY made up of wooded hills, well-kept
^ farming districts and country filled with
charming lakes, brooks and streams is to be
seen on both sides of the track in travelling
from Montreal to St. John and Halifax, or any
of the other pretty cities or towns of the maritime provinces. St. Andrews-by-the-Sea is one
of the most attractive seashore and golfing resorts
in America. Here the Canadian Pacific has built
a charming fireproof summer hotel, the Algonquin, much frequented by Americans as well as
by the leaders in Canadian society. It has one
of the best golf courses in North America. St. John
and Halifax are both busy, progressive seaports.
In Nova Scotia, along the Dominion Atlantic
Railway, "Evangeline Land" and Acadia attract
thousands every year.
Three routes from Montreal to New York
present themselves: The tourist may continue
by way of Lakes Champlain and George and
by the Hudson River, or via the all-rail routes
through the Adirondacks, through the State of
Vermont, or along the shore of Lake Champlain.
Those en route to Portland, Me., or Boston,
Mass, may travel through the interesting White
and Green Mountains to their destination on
the Atlantic Coast, reached by the Canadian
Pacific and its connections from Montreal.
A CROSS the Bay of Fundy from St. John,
** New Brunswick, lies the historic coast of
Nova Scotia, so full of romance, so beautiful
to the eye that the hearts of those who visit
it are kept in one perpetual enchantment. Digby
and the little fishing villages on this coast of
giant tides, Annapolis Royal, with memories of
Champlain and the first adventurous explorers
from Old France, the orchard and dairy land of
the Annapolis Valley, Evangeline's country of
Grand Pre and Blomidon, and Minas Basin, the
scene of the Great Banishment of the Acadians—
these have a charm that well might draw the
traveller across the continent from the Pacific.
All this country is served by the Dominion
Atlantic Railway in connection with the Canadian Pacific Railway. Wolfville is the chief
centre for visitors to the "Land of Evangeline."
"Before the windows of Wolfville," says
C. G. D. Roberts, the well-known writer, "enrolls
superb view—marches of pale green, reclaimed
from the sea by the spades of oldtime Acadian
farmers; the long, low lines of green upland
outstretching from either side to almost the
centre of the picture—the delicious summer
retreats of Starr's Point and Long Island;
between them and beyond, away to the far
blue barrier of the Parrsboro shore, the restless
waters of Minas Basin, and in the middle distance, dominating all the scene with its mass
of sombre indigo, the majestic bastion of Blomidon outthrust against the tides."
Three miles distant, to the east, is Grand
Pre itself, now a rich but scattered farming
settlement. It is on the line of the Dominion
Atlantic, and travellers who are passing through
obtain from the car windows a good view of the
scene of the Great Banishment. There are the
storied meadows, and there, close to the station,
are willows planted by Acadian hands. On the
slope behind the station are gnarled French
apple trees and stiff French poplars, and a short
way further on is the Gaspereau mouth, where
the exiles embarked.
Close to the station is a row of gnarled willows,
whose branches perchance tell over to the young
leaves of each recurring spring what they saw
of Evangeline and her sorrow. Here, suitably
enclosed, is "Evangeline's Well", with a very beautiful statue of Evangeline herself.
A list of hotels and summer cottages available for visitors in this romantic country may
be found in the folder "Vacation Days in Nova
Scotia," obtainable from any Canadian Pacific
Railway agent.
The careless smoker on an idle trail,
The smouldering camp fire and a vagrant breeze,
Make all your ancient pride of what avail,
You sad grey ghosts that once were stately trees?
[Page Fourteen]
W. R. MacInnes .... Vice President in Charge of Traffic Montreal
C. E. E. Ussher Passenger Traffic Manager Montreal
Sir o. McLaren Brown, K. B. E.t European General Manager
London, Eng.
C B. Foster Assistant Passenger Traffic Manager Montreal
C. E. Mcpherson. . .Assistant Passenger Traffic Manager Winnipeg
W   H. Snell General Passenger Agent Montreal
G. A. Walton General Passenger Agent Winnipeg
H. W. Brodie General Passenger Agent Vancouver
H. G. Dring European Passenger Manager London, Eng.
Geo. C Wells Assistant to Passenger Traffic Manager Montreal
A. O. Seymour General Tourist Agent Montreal
J. O. Apps General Agent Mail, Baggage and Milk Traffic
J. M. Gibbon General Publicity Agent Montreal
Adelaide Aus.
Atlanta Ga.
Auckland N.Z.
Banff Alta.
Boston Mass.
Brandon Man.
Brisbane Aus.
Buffalo N.Y.
Calcutta India
Calgary Alta.
Chicago III.
Cincinnati Ohio
Cleveland Ohio
Colombo.. .Celyon
Detroit Mich.
Duluth Minn.
Dunedin N.Z.
Edmonton. . .Alta.
Fort William..Ont.
Halifax N.S.
Hamilton Ont.
Hong Kong. China
Honolulu H.I.
Juneau Alaska
Kansas City. . .Mo.
Ketchikan. .Alaska
Kobe Japan,
London Eng.
Los Angeles.
Montreal. ..
Moosejaw. . .
Nagasaki. .
Nelson... .
New York.
. Ont. ,
. Cal. ,
. .P.I..
. Aus..
. .Que.
..Sask. ,
. .B.C..
. .N.Y..
Ottawa Ont..
Philadelphia. . .Pa..
Pittsburgh Pa..
Portland Ore..
Prince Rupert, B.C..
Quebec Que..
Regina Sask..
St. John N.B..
St. Louis Mo..
St. Paul Minn..
San Francisco.Cal. .
Saskatoon....Sask. .
Seattle Wash..
Shanghai China.
Skagway. . .Alaska.
Spokane Wash..
Suva Fiji.
Sydney Aus..
Tacoma Wash..
Toronto Ont.
• DC...
.. Man. .
Vancouver. .
Yokohama.. .Japan
.Australasian United S. Nav. Co., Ltd.
.E. G. Chesbrough, Gen'l Agent .. .220 Healey Bldg.
.Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand, Ltd.
.G. D. Brophy, District Passenger Agent
. L. R. Hart, Gen'l Agent 332 Washington St.
. R. Dawson, District Passenger Agent, Smith Block.
. Macdonald, Hamilton & Co.
.Geo. O. Walton, Gen'l Agt 11 So. Division St.
. Thos. Cook & Son, Gillanders, Arbuthnot & Co.
. J.E. Proctor, District Passenger Agent, C.P.R.Station
. T. J. Wall, General Agent 140 So. Clark St.
. M. E. Malone, Gen'l Agt 430 Walnut St.
.G. B. Burpee, General Agent. .. . 1040 Prospect Ave.
.Bois Bros. & Co., Thos. Cook & Son.
. W. Mcllroy, General Agent 1239 Griswold St.
.D. Bertie, Trav. Pass. Agent, Soo Line Depot.
.Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand, Ltd.
. C.S. Fyfe. City Ticket Agent, 10012 Jasper Ave.,East
.A. J. Boreham, City Pass'r Agt... .404 Victoria Ave.
. R.U. Parker, Asst.District Pass'r Agt., 117 Hollis St.
.A. Craig, City Pass'r Agent. Cor. King and James St.
.P. D. Sutherland, Gen'l Pass'r Agt., C.P.O.S., Ltd.
.Theo. H. Davies & Co.
. R. F. Richardson, General Agent
.R. G. Norris, Trav. Pass'r Agent,
 614-615 Railway Exchange Bldg.
.F. E. Ryus, Agent
.A. M. Parker, Passenger Agent. . . .C. P. O. S., Ltd.
.H. G. Dring, European Pass'r Mgr.
 62-65 Charing Cross, S.W.
.H. J. McCallum, City Pass Agt. . 161 Dundas Street
.A. A. Polhamus, Gen'l Agent. .605 South Spring St.
.J. R. Shaw, Agent Roxas Building
.Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand, Ltd.
. A. G. Albertsen, General Agent. . 611—2d Ave., South
R. G. Amiot, District Pass'r Agent, Windsor Station
F. C. Lydon, City Pass. Agt., 141-145 St. James Street
.A. C. Harris, Ticket Agent
.Holme, Ringer & Co.
. J. S. Carter, District Passenger Agent
.F. R. Perry, General Agent
 Madison Avenue and 44th Street
.J. A. McGill, City Passenger Agent. . .83 Sparks St.
.R. C. Clayton, City Pass'r Agent. .629 Chestnut St.
.C. L. Williams, Gen'l Agt 340 SixthA venue
.E. E. Penn, Gen'l. Agt 55 Third St.
.W. C. Orchard, General Agent
.C. A. Langevin, City Pass'r Agent Palais Station
.J. A. McDonald, District Passenger Agent,
.N. R. DesBrisay, District Pass'r Agt., 40 King St.
.E. L. Sheehan, Gen'l Agent 418 Locust Street
.B. E. Smeed, Gen. Agent Pass'r Dept., Soo Line
.F. L. Nason, Gen'l Agent 675 Market Street
. W. E. Lovelock, City Ticket Agent, 115 Second Ave.
.E. F. L. Sturdee, General Agent. . .608 Second Ave.
.A. H. Tes3ier, Gen. Agt. Pass'r Dept., C.O.P.S.,Ltd.
. L. H. Johnston, Agent
.E. L. Cardie, Traffic Manager
 Spokane International Railway
.Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand, Ltd.
.Union S.S. Co., of New Zealand, Ltd.
.D. C. O'Keefe, City Pass'r Agt., 1113 Pacific Avenue
S W. B. Howard, Dist. Pass'r Agt.      ) 1 King Street
(Wm. Fulton, Asst. Dist. Pass'r Agt.) East
.J. Moe, City Pass. Agt.. .434 Hastings Street, West
. L. D. Chetham, City Pass. Agt., 1102 Government St.
C. E. Phelps., City Pass. Agt., 1419 New York Avenue
.J. W. Dawson, Dist. Pass'r Agent
 Cor. Portage Ave. & Main St.
.. G. E. Costello, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept.
 C. P. O. S.. Ltd.
^ r;v^ ^\:??      ^sir   REGULAR  SERVICES
Montreal and Quebec (Summer)
West St. John, N.B. (Winter)
Liverpool     -     London     -     Glasgow    -     Havre
Southampton   -   Antwerp
Vancouver via Victoria
Yokohama   -    Kobe    -    Nagasaki   -   Shanghai
Manila   -    Hongkong
Gen. Freight Agent
Passenger Traffic Manager
Gen. Passenger A gen t
The Department of
has been organized to assist in settling vacant agricultural
lands and developing the latent raw resources of Canada.
4^2 Million Acres of choice farm lands for sale in
Western Canada.   Low prices and long terms.
Irrigated Lands in Southern Alberta on 20 year terms.
Under certain conditions loans for improvements to settlers
on irrigated lands up to $2,000.
List of Selected Farms in Eastern Canada on hand
at all Departmental Offices.
Information on Industrial Opportunities and Business
Openings in growing towns furnished upon request.
Investigations in the utilization of undeveloped natural
resources are carried on by Research Section. Inquiries
as to promising fields invited.
Bureaus of Canadian Information with well-equipped
libraries are established at Montreal; 165 E. Ontario St.,
Chicago; 1270 Broadway, New York; and at London, Eng.
Inquiries will be promptly dealt with.
Representatives also at 176 E. 3rd St., St. Paul; 705
Sprague Ave.,Spokane; 384 Stark Street, Portland, Ore.; 645
Market Street, San Francisco; Industrial Agont, Winnipeg, and
Supt. U.S. Agencies, Calgary.
J. S. Dennis, Chief Commissioner off Colonization and Development
MONTREAL. Que. r~ "■■/&


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