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Resorts in the Canadian Pacific Rockies Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1928

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Banff Springs Hotel In the heart of Rocky Mountains National Park, backed by three
Banff, Alberta splendid mountain  ranges.    Alpine climbing,  motoring and drives
Altitude 4,625 feet on good roads, golf,  bathing, hot sulphur springs, tennis,  fishing,
boating and riding.    Open May 15th to September 30th.    European
Chateau Lake Louise Facing an exquisite Alpine Lake in Rocky Mountains National
Lake Louise, Alberta Park.    Alpine climbing with  Swiss guides, pony trips, swimming,
Altitude 5,670 feet. drives or motoring, boating,  fishing.    Open June 1st to September
30th.    European plan.
Emerald Lake Chalet Situated at the foot of Mount   Burgess, amidst the picturesque
Near Field, B.C. Alpine scenery of the Yoho National Park.    Roads and trails to
Altitude 4,262 feet. the Burgess Pass, Yoho Valley, etc.    Boating and fishing.    Open
June 15th to September 15th.    American plan.
Hotel Sicamous Junction for the orchard districts of the Okanagan Valley, and
Sicamous, B.C. stop-over point for those who wish to see the Canyons by daylight.
Altitude 1,146 feet. Good boating and excellent trout fishing in Shuswap Lake.    Open
all year.    American plan.
Except Moraine Lake, these are all—subject to road conditions—open from June 15th to Sept. 15th.
Castle Mountain This and the next three Bungalow Camps are reached by motor
Altitude 5,600 feet. from either  Banff  or  Lake  Louise.    Hiking,   motoring,  mountain
Vermilion River 50 miles from Banff or Lake Louise.    Hiking, motoring, fishing,
Altitude 3,952 feet. mountain climbing.
Radium Hot Springs 91 miles from Banff or Lake Louise.    Hiking, motoring, fishing,
Altitude 3,456 feet. climbing, swimming in hot radium pools.
Lake Windermere Reached either by road or by rail from Golden.   Centre for the
Altitude 2,700 feet. beautiful Windermere Valley—riding, camping, motoring, bathing,
boating, fishing and glacier excursions.
Moraine Lake By motor from Lake Louise.    Head of Valley of the Ten Peak?.
Altitude 6,190 feet. Trout fishing, pony trails, climbs, etc.   Open June 1st to September 30th.
Lake O'Hara By trail from Hector, B.C.    Riding, walking, mountain climbing,
Altitude 6,664 feet. trips to Lake McArthur and Lake Oesa, also to Abbot Pass.
Wapta Near  Hector Station.    Centre  for  explorations.    Excursions to
Altitude 5,190 feet. Lake O'Hara, Yoho Valley, Sherbrooke Lake, Kicking Horse Canyon,
Yoho Valley By motor from Field or Lake Louise, in one of the loveliest valleys
Altitude 5,000 feet. in  the  Rockies.    Takakkaw  Falls,   Summit   Lake,   Yoho  Glacier,
hikes, climbs, pony trips.
Canadian Pacific Hotels on the Pacific Coast
HOTEL VANCOUVER Largest hotel on the North Pacific Coast, overlooking the Strait of Georgia, and
Vancouver, B.C. serving equally the business man and the tourist.    Golf, motoring, fishing, hunting,
Open all year. bathing, steamer excursions.     European plan.
EMPRESS HOTEL A luxurious hotel in this Garden City of the Pacific Coast, which by its equable
Victoria, B.C. climate has become a favorite summer and winter resort.    Motoring, yachting, sea
Open all year. and stream fishing, shooting and all-year golf.    Crystal Garden for swimming and
music.    European plan.
Canadian Pacific Hotels on the Prairies
HOTEL PALLISER A handsome hotel of metropolitan standard in this prosperous city of Southern
Calgary, Alberta Alberta.    Suited equally to the business man or the tourist to or from the Canadian
Pacific Rockies.    European plan.
HOTEL SASKATCHEWAN In the capital of this rich and prosperous province.    Golf and motoring.    European
Regina, Sask. plan.
THE ROYAL ALEXANDRA        A popular hotel in the largest city of Western Canada, appealing to those who wish
Winnipeg, Man. to  break  their   transcontinental   journey.    The   centre  of  Winnipeg's  social   life.
European plan.
Canadian Pacific Hotels in Eastern Canada
MONTREAL, QUE. Place Viger Hotel—A charming hotel in Canada's largest city.
QUEBEC, QUE. Chateau Frontenac—A metropolitan hotel in the most historic city of North America.
McADAM, N.B. McAdam Hotel—A commercial and sportsman's hotel.
ST. ANDREWS, N.B, The Algonquin—The social  centre  of Canada's most fashionable seashore summer
resort.    Open June 23rd to September Wih.
TORONTO, ONT. The Royal York—Opens May 1st, 1929.
Other Hotels and Bungalow Camps Reached by Canadian Pacific
Penticton, B.C Hotel Incola French River, Ont French River Camp
Cameron Lake, B.C.. . Cameron Lake Chalet Digby, N.S The Pines
Kenora, Ont Devil's Gap Camp Kentville, N.S Cornwallis Inn
Nipigon, Ont Nipigon River Camp
This cover printed in Canada, 1928. Printed in United States, 1928
 ; i—      ■
Banff Springs Hotel and the Bow River Valley
From a pastel by Leonard Richmond, R.B.A., R.O.I. ^THE Canadian Pacific Rockies comprise some of Nature's
most majestic and gigantic works. Reaching to a height of
ten, eleven, twelve thousand or even more feet—with the railway
that crosses them itself reaching over a mile above sea-level—
they form the 600-mile wide backbone of America. From Cochrane, Alberta, where one begins to enter the Rockies, to Mission,
British Columbia, where one enters the coastal plain, is a train
ride, by the "Trans-Canada Limited," fastest Canadian Pacific
train, of 22 hours.
To cross the Swiss Alps, from France to Italy, takes, by railway,
some five hours. When, therefore, Edward Whymper, the
most famous mountaineer of all time, and conqueror of the
Matterhorn, described the Canadian Pacific Rockies as ''fifty
Switzerlands in one," he certainly was guilty of no exaggeration.
The Top of the World
The Canadian Pacific route through these mighty mountain
ranges visualizes in itself the triumph of man over enormous
natural obstacles. From Calgary, to which it has been steadily
climbing since it left Lake Superior, it climbs still higher to the
Great Divide—over a mile higher than the Pacific Ocean.
Thence, following the narrow Kicking Horse Pass, it dips down
for its first crossing of the majestic Columbia River; then re-
ascends another quarter-mile to the summit of the Selkirk Range
before beginning its long descent to the Pacific through the
Thompson and Fraser Canyons.
In the High Rockies
This wonderful mountain region offers a remarkable welcome
to those who leave the railway, and tarry a-while. Snow-clad
peaks, gleaming white glaciers, rugged precipices, waterfalls,
foaming torrents, canyons, beautiful lakes set in the heart of
pine-forests—these have been flung together by the Great
Creator in unparalleled profusion.
All these you see around and within easy reach of the principal
vacation resorts of the Canadian Pacific Rockies—resorts which
have now become known to the ends of the world. Banff,
Lake Louise, Emerald Lake, and the Yoho Valley—these are
some of the centres of summer life, where you can golf, climb
mountains, take wonderful motor trips, ride into the fastnesses
on sure-footed mountain ponies, fish, swim, boat, hike or explore:
where you meet Indians, and cow-punchers, and scarlet-coated
Royal Canadian Mounted Policemen, or mountain sheep wandering unmolested by the road. And at these and other places
there are magnificent hotels or charming bungalow camps,
where days and nights pass in surroundings of beauty, comfort
and gaiety.
These resorts of the Canadian Pacific Rockies are now so
closely linked by motor roads as well as by railway that when
you go to visit one you can easily visit them all.
A Sea of Mountains
In the various mountain ranges that make up the Canadian
Pacific Rockies—the Rockies proper, the Selkirks, and the
Monashee, Coast, Cascade, and Purcell Ranges—there are,
according to Government measurements, including only those
peaks which bear names, and not the innumerable mountains
that have not yet been named or measured, or that are very
inaccessible from railways:—
630 peaks above 6,000 feet above sea-level;
308 between 7,000 feet and 10,000 feet;
161 between 10,000 feet and 12,000 feet;
4 over 12,000 feet.
In some mountainous regions the chief peaks spring from such
high plateaus that although they are actually a very considerable height above sea-level, their height is not very impressive
The Valley of the Bow River, from Banff Springs Hotel.
to the eye. This is not so in the Canadian Pacific Rockies.
Some fifty principal mountains, for example, at the most popular
mountain resorts—Banff, Lake Louise, Moraine Lake, Lake
O'Hara, Field, Emerald Lake and the Yoho Valley—and ranging
in height from 8,000 to 11,500 feet, average a height above the
floor of the valleys at their base of about 4,800 feet, or almost a
mile. The Canadian Pacific Rockies, being rich in glaciers and
neve fields, are generally snow-covered the year round.
Canadian Pacific Hotels
Tourist accommodation is of two kinds—at hotels or at Bungalow Camps. A full description of these will be found on the
front inside cover, or on the text pages stated below (in brackets).
The four Canadian Pacific hotels in the mountains are now,
without exaggeration, world famous. They are of different
size, but each is characterized by the same beautiful locations,
the same luxury, comfort and charm of interior appointment,
and excellence of personal service. Each occupies the best
scenic view-point, and is the centre of all outdoor excursions
and facilities necessary thereto.      j
Banff Springs Hotel . } . . (page 4)
The Chateau Lake Louise . . (page 10)
Emerald Lake Chalet \. . . (page 20)
Hotel Sicamous     .    .    i.      .      . (page 24)
Bungalow Camps
Bungalow Camps not only supplement the capacity of the
hotels, but also provide accommodation of a somewhat different
kind. They are, on the whole, less formal than the hotels.
The Bungalow Camps are not tents, but of log or other wooden
construction, with a large central building that serves as a dining
room and social centre, and separate sleeping bungalows. Besides
the Bungalow Camps, there are many Tea-Houses at outlying
In Yoho Park—Yoho Valley, Wapta and Lake O'Hara Bungalow Camps, and six Tea-Houses and Alpine Huts linked up
thereto (see pages 18 and 20).
Near Lake Louise—Moraine Lake Bungalow Camp and Saddleback Tea-House (see page 10).
Banff-Windermere Road—Castle Mountain, Vermilion River,
Radium Hot Springs and Lake Windermere Bungalow Camps
(see page 24).
Ask our Agencies for a separate booklet, "Bungalow Camps
in the Canadian Pacific Rockies."
National Parks
Six of Canada's magnificent system of National Parks are
in the Canadian Pacific Rockies, and are traversed by or lie
adjacent to the Canadian Pacific Railway; while others can be
conveniently reached from it.
Rocky Mountains Park (2,751 square miles, the boundaries of which are at present being subject to revision), with
Banff and Lake Louise as principal centres.    See page 4.
Yoho Park (476 square miles), containing Emerald Lake,
the Yoho Valley, Lake O'Hara, and Wapta Lake.    See page 18.
Kootenay Park (587 square miles), with the Banff-Windermere Road running through it.    See page 24.
Glacier Park (468 square miles). In the Selkirk Range.
See page 24.
Mount Revelstoke Park (100 square miles).    See page 24.
Waterton Lakes  Park  (220 square miles).    In southern
Alberta.    See page 24.
Mount Assiniboine Park (20 square miles) is a British Columbia
Provincial Park.
The Calgary Stampede
Alberta,   always   a   country   of   considerable   stock-raising
interests, is still one of the principal ranching sections of the
West; and in the "Stampede" held at Calgary, the glories of the
Old West are revived annually in a week's carnival of frontier
sports and contests.    The Calgary Stampede has now become
a famous frontier-day celebration, and contestants come from
all parts of the continent.    Cowboys, Indians, Mounted Policemen, old-timers are all to be seen in this western epic.    It will
be held in 1928 from July 9th to 14th, and visitors to the Canadian
Pacific Rockies should stop off at Calgary and participate.
Ranch Life in the Foothills
At three places in the foothills of the Canadian Pacific Rockies
the visitor can enjoy both ranch life and excursions into the
neighbouring mountains.    These are:—
Kananaskis Ranch—in Rocky Mountains Park, near the
Indian Reservation at Morley, between Calgary and Banff.
Address C. B. Brewster, Kananaskis, Alta.
The T. S. Ranch—near High River, "Bar U" Ranch, and the
"E. P." Ranch belonging to the Prince of Wales. Conducted
by Guy Weadick, Manager of the Calgary Stampede. Address
P. O. Longview, Alta.
Buffalo Head Ranch—long established, near the "E. P." Ranch,
and with many miles of frontage on the beautiful Highwood
River. Address George W. Pocaterra, High River R. R. 2,
Alta.   Full information can be secured from the above.
Page Two Illllllllllfe
The new Banff Golf (
Course, beginning near C
Banff Springs Hotel, [
will be the most beau- *
tiful of this continent. I
The other pictures show
The Swimming    	
Banff Springs Hotel— )
Banff    Village — and l
Mount   Rundle  from
the Echo River.
Page Three "QA N F F is the administrative headquarters of Rocky
Mountains Park (area 2,751 square miles). No part of
the Rockies exhibits a greater variety of sublime and
romantic scenery, and nowhere else are good points of
view and features of special interest so accessible. The
town lies embowered in pine forests and lawns, in a pocket
of a wide circle of pearly-grey limestone peaks. Warmed by
clear sunshine and kissed by clear air, exhilarated by the
glacial-green Bow River, Banff bids all welcome.
A Panorama of Peaks
From either the station, the bridge or Banff Springs Hotel,
a magnificent panorama is to be witnessed. From the station
first: to the north is the grey bulk of Cascade Mountains,
towering above the town like a grim old idol. To the east
are Mount Inglismaldie and the heights of the Fairholme
sub-range. Still farther to the east, the sharp cone of Mount
Peechee closes the view in that direction. To the left of
Cascade rises the wooded ridge of Stoney Squaw. To the
west and up the valley are the distant snowy peaks of the
main range above Simpson's Pass. To the left is Sulphur
Mountain, to the south-east the isolated, wooded bluff of
Tunnel Mountain and the long serrated spine of Mount Rundle.
From the Bow Bridge the view is even more magnificent, for
the river runs through the centre of the picture, and one who
has caught his first glimpse of this picture close to sunset will
never forget its breath-taking beauty. A little beyond the
bridge the river frolics over a series of rapids in a narrow
gorge and then, leaping in clouds of spray, falls almost opposite the Banff Springs Hotel. From the high elevation of the
hotel a somewhat different view is obtained, looking across
the junction of the Bow with the smaller and darker Spray
River, to the distant snow-clad barrier of the Fairholme Range.
Banff Springs Hotel
Banff has been for many years one of the most popular
mountain resorts on the continent—due not only to its environment, but also to the beautifully situated and splendidly
appointed Banff Springs Hotel (a Canadian Pacific Hotel, open
from May 15th to September 30th). It is all fireproof, with a
new wing erected at a cost, of over lJ^J million dollars. The entire
first floor is given over to public rooms, artistically decorated
and furnished, in which the architect has provided a Scotch
baronial atmosphere. Among the features are the ten period
suites—Georgian, Jacobean, Tudor, Swiss and Italian; the period
influence also dominates the lounges.
At the hotel there is entertainment all the time. One could
be perfectly happy just looking out towards the enclosing
mountains, watching the swimmers in the warm sulphur water
pool, swimming oneself, playing tennis, or studying the cosmopolitan types which one meets at this great caravanserai.
There is an excellent Turkish bath at the hotel, very popular
with those who come in after a game of golf or an hour in the
saddle. The spacious luxurious lounges invite one to succumb
to a contented laziness. There is nearly always an orchestra
playing somewhere, and in the evening, when Banff, the mountains and the winding Bow are bathed in moonlight, the strains
of dance music float out from the ballroom.
The Hot Springs
Had Banff not become famous for its beauty, it must have
become famous for its hot springs, which are amongst the
most important of this continent. The five chief springs have
a total flow of about a million gallons a day, and issue from the
ground the year round at a temperature ranging from 78 to
112  degrees Fahrenheit.    Winter makes no difference to the
The Bow River Fails.
temperature of the water. The chief constituents are calcium
sulphate or gypsum, calcium; bicarbonate and magnesium
sulphate, and their therapeutic value is very high. The springs,
which are also radio-active, have been developed by the erection
at two of them of bath houses and swimming pools.
Excellent swimming in warm sulphur water is afforded at
Banff Springs Hotel, which has its own large and beautiful
open-air pool. Here, where the temperatures of the summer
air and the water are delightfully blended, and spring diving-
boards offer opportunity for sport to expert swimmers, the
sloping depth of the bath gives confidence to beginners at the
shallow end; while the cold fresh water pool adjacent to the
warm bath provides an invigorating plunge.
There is also excellent swimming at the Cave and Basin,
where a fine $150,000 swimming pool and series of private
baths have been built by the Government. At the Upper Hot
Sulphur Springs on the slopes of Sulphur Mountain, 800 feet
higher than the hotel, at an altitude of 5,132 feet, is another
swimming pool, which may be reached by trail from the hotel,
or by road from Bow River Bridge.
Golf and Tennis
An eighteen-hole golf course, superbly located on the banks
of the Bow River and guarded by huge bastions of rock,
turreted and pinnacled like the fortified castle of old, is open
to all visitors to Banff for a small fee. The course has been
entirely reconstructed by the \ Canadian Pacific, under the
supervision of Stanley Thompson, and now offers one of the
finest, most perfectly balanced and most scenically beautiful
courses in the world.    Starting from near Banff Springs Hotel,
it has a length of 6,640 yards and a par of 73. One feature is
the use of three sets of tees, for long, medium and short. The
fairways are doubly wide, with two routes to each hole.
For tennis players there are several admirable courts, and
because the exquisite summer climate of Banff is very conducive to both golf and tennis, a large number of people may
always be seen enjoying the games.
Indian Week
Indian Week at Banff is one of the most colorful spectacles
on the North American continent. Between three and four
hundred Stoney Indians come from the Morley reserve, 40
miles east of Banff, for their tribal sports. This summer they
will be joined by other tribes in a pageant on a scale greater
than ever before (July 23rd to 28th). Each morning they
have a parade in which the majority of the Indians take part;
the tribe is all mounted, while many splendid horses are used,
resplendent in gorgeous trappings and headpieces. The costumes of both men and women are creations of white buckskin, beadwork and ermine, their color schemes being
exceedingly wonderful, and they ride with dignity and poise.
The Highland Gathering
At Banff this year, August 31st to 3rd September, will be
repeated the "Highland Gathering" inaugurated in 1927,
which proved so remarkably successful.
This is a great Scotch festival of music and sports, to which
singers from all parts of America come, and bagpipers from
Highland regiments to play in competitions, and in which the
sturdy old Scotch sports, and the fine Scotch costume dancing
are to be seen at their best.
A special little booklet will be issued about the Highland
Gathering, and will be procurable from Canadian Pacific agencies.
Walking and Riding
There are many delightful walks and rides in the immediate
vicinity. The roads are good and the trails especially lovely.
The Bow Falls are only a few minutes' walk from the Banff
Springs Hotel; the trail which goes up the hill near them affords
a lovely view of the falls and the rapids farther up stream.
The fish hatchery nearby is well worth seeing.
^ The Tunnel Mountain motor road, on the east side of the
river, gives beautiful views of the town, Bow Valley and the
surrounding peaks. The highest point is reached by a series
of switchbacks or corkscrews. A trail branches off this road
almost opposite the hotel, practically above the falls; following
the river, at times leading into tiny meadows, it eventually
comes out at the far side of Tunnel Mountain. The motor trip
up this mountain should also be taken.
The Cave and Basin and Sundance Canyon are two objectives
for a walk or ride. This Canyon is a cleft in the rocks through
which a turbulent stream tumbles. In the rock crannies and
adjoining woods are many beautiful flowers—the dryas, saxifrage,
stonecrop and columbine among them. There are also short
delightful trails through the woods between Spray Avenue and
the motor road leading to the Upper Hot Springs.
There are pony trails and short cuts up Tunnel Mountain
which one can take if walking, which makes an easy climb; its
elevation is only 5,540 feet; Stoney Squaw, north of Tunnel
Mountain and 620 feet higher, is really a walk. It is fascinatingly green ln a world of grey peaks and snowfields; and those
who are lured up its slopes are well repaid.
(Continued on page 9)
Page Four Mount Assiniboine
To which new trails have recently been cut, making a very attractive riding and camping trip
from Banff.   A Dude Ranch is operated at Mount Assiniboine by the Marquis d'Albizzi
Painted by Carl Rungius, N.A.
Page Five I;
Page Six Page Seven Mount Temple—seen from the Banff-Lake Louise Road
Painted by Belmore Browne
Page Eight QULPHUR MOUNTAIN is another delightful walk.
The novice will no doubt insert the word "climb," and
argue the word walk is incorrect. Sulphur is 8,040 feet, with
the Observatory at the summit. To shorten the dimb, a
motor can be taken to the foot of the trail, thus lessening the
distance. One of the pleasantest ways of ascent is on ^ the
back of a pony. On the long wooded slope of this mountain is
the clubhouse of the Alpine Club of Canada.
Beating and Launch Trips
A few minutes from the bridge is the Bow River Boat-
house. From here motor launches set out four times a day on
a 12-mile trip in which the surrounding mountains are seen
from a unique and advantageous point of view. Here, also,
canoes and row boats are obtainable. Echo River and Willow
Creek, overhung with arching trees, are especially attractive
to those who wish to row or paddle on tranquil mountain
streams; by following Willow Creek the lovely Vermilion
Lakes are reached.
Recreation Grounds
This section of the park, by the Bow River, is not far from
the bridge and can be reached by a delightful road by the
river, or from the Cave and Basin motor road. There is a
building for recreation purposes, also spaces for baseball,
tennis, football and cricket. The club house of the Banff Gun
Club is not far distant, and here trap shooting competitions
are held.
The Animal Corral
The tourist will find plenty of interest in the little town of
Banff itself, with its churches, cinemas and shops, interspersed
with groups of cowboys in woolly chaps and gay-colored
kerchiefs, sloe-eyed Indians in buckskin coats and moccasins,
packers, trappers, guides and other truly mountain men. Near
the fine bridge over the Bow River are the Administration Offices
of the Park, the Museum, Zoo and Royal Canadian Mounted
Police headquarters.
The animal corral is V/2 miles from the town, an immense
fenced-in area where a herd of buffaloes, mountain sheep, goat,
moose, antelope and other kindred of the wild roam at will
through the vast forested pasturage. You can drive into this
corral quite close up to the buffaloes and enjoy studying them
in thes^. surroundings.
Lake Minnewanka
A short motor run is to Lake Minnewanka, 8 miles north
of Banff, and about 14 miles long. From the hotel the route
lies through the town, east of Stoney Squaw and Cascade Mountains, past the buffalo park and through Bankhead to the lake
at the head of Cascade Creek. A weird, elusive beauty made
the Indians rightly name it "Spirit Water." A motor launch
runs to the end of the lake, and about half-way passes the beautiful little Aylmer Canyon, over which towers Mount Aylmer
(10,365 feet high), while facing it on the opposite shore rises
the head of Mount Inglismaldie (9,715 feet). Row boats are
obtainable, and large trout may be fished for. Lake Minnewanka
Chalet, on the lake shore, is a popular place for afternoon teas
and meals.
Mount Assiniboine
A particularly fine pony trip from Banff, and one on which
a week can be profitably spent, is that to Mount Assiniboine—
the "Matterhorn of the Rockies." This can be reached
over the spectacular new trail by way of Brewster Creek, or by
way of the Spray Lakes, and the return made by traversing the
Indian Braves at Indian Week, Banff.
beautiful summit country in the vicinity of the mountain, through
the heather and flowers of Simpson Pass and down Healy Creek.
The official 1927 Ride of the Trail Riders of the Canadian Rockies
was to Mount Assiniboine, and since that time the route has been
well established, while camp facilities are available, in log houses,
at the foot of the mountain.
Mystic Lake
North from Banff, there is a very fine trail ride to Mystic
Lake, along the side of Cascade Mountain and down to Forty-
Mile Creek. It cannot be made in one day, but near Mystic
Lake there is a specially-constructed log house with sleeping
quarters and cook-stove, where the night can be spent. An
extension can be made to Sawback Lake. During the summer
months, an organized ride to Stoney, Sawback and Mystic Lakes
will leave Banff once a week (see page 24).
To Lake Louise
From Banff to Lake Louise is a fine 42-mile motor trip.
The route is along the Bow River, crossing a spot that is the
favorite haunt of a large herd of mountain sheep, who in this
National Park have sanctuary, environed all the time by magnificent forests and mountains.
At about 16 miles from Banff a stop is made at Johnston
Canyon—16 miles of inspiring mountain scenery, with the
gaunt grey turrets of Castle Mountain towering ahead. There
the Johnston Creek dashes between high rock walls and falls in
a series of miniature cascades which are spanned by tiny rustic
bridges. Gradually the canyon reveals its loveliness. Its
climax is a clear blue pool, only partly disturbed by the whirlpool caused by falls from a gorge above. From the road to the
end of the Canyon is three-quarters of a mile.
From Johnston Canyon the road continues to Lake Louise.
Castle Mountain, with its imposing battlements, is on the
north, and Mount Temple—one of the most stately piles in
the Rockies—on the south. A short detour at Castle enables
one to reach Castle Mountain Bungalow Camp, from which
a beautiful view of the Bow Valley is to be obtained.
Winter Sports
Banff is rapidly becoming an important centre for winter
sports, the Annual Winter Sports Carnival in February
attracting large crowds. Ski-ing, tobogganing, skating, and
bob-sledding are amongst the attractions.
Motor Trips Around Banff
General Drive. To the Buffalo Park, Tunnel Mountain,
Bow Falls, Spray Valley, Zoo, Cave and Basin. Golf Links,
etc.   Twice daily.
Lake Minnewanka.     (See above.)   Once daily.
Banff-Calgary.   Twice daily.
Lake Louise.   (See above.)   Three times daily.
24-Hour Motor Detour. To Golden (see page 24). Once
The Lariat Trail.   3 days (page 24). Monday and Thursday.
Lake Windermere. 2 days (see page 24). Tuesday, Thursday, Saturday.
Outdoor Trips at Banff
Trail Trips. Rocky Mountain Park has 700 miles of good
trails, a large part of which radiate from Banff. With guides
and ponies, the visitor may find his way to Mystic Lake, in
the heart of the Sawback Range, to Ghost River, and
through the Indian Reservation to the town of Morley, the
Spray Lakes, the Kananaskis Lakes and dozens of other
magic places.
Mount Assiniboine and Mystic Lake Trips. See above.
Fishing.    See page 16.
Climbing.     Easy—Tunnel   and   Sulphur.     Harder—Rundle,
Norquay, Cascade, Stoney Squaw, Aylmer, Edith and Louis.
Mountain Climbing
The Canadian Pacific Rockies present to the mountain climber
one of the most extensive and interesting fields of any easily
accessible ranges of the world. Noted climbers make their
way thither from all parts of the world. But let not the novice
be daunted; there are easy climbs aplenty for him to graduate
from—on some, indeed, he (or she, in fact) can ride or walk
good trails almost to the summit, while on others a short scramble
will bring him to his goal.
It is difficult to imagine anything more fascinating than to
start out in the early morning, stepping in half an hour from the
perfect civilization of a luxurious hotel into the primitive glory
of cliff and crag, winding waterway and frozen grandeur,
to spend the day among the mountains. With a blue sky
overhead, the air soft with the sweet resinous spice of the forest,
and all cares left far behind, one sees only beautiful sights,
hears only wonderland sounds, and for a whole long day lives
close to the very heart of Nature in her most splendid mood.
The Alpine Club
The Alpine Club of Canada, with over 500 members, and headquarters at Banff, holds a camp each year in the Canadian
Rockies, and welcomes those who have the ambition to climb,
or are interested in mountains. The Annual Camp this year will
be held in the last two weeks of July at the Lake of the Hanging
Glaciers. The Canadian Pacific Railway has several experienced
Swiss guides attached to its mountain hotels.
Page Nine I^AKE LOUISE—probably the most perfect gem of
scenery in the known world—bears the liquid music, ^ the
soft color notes of its name, almost into the realm of the visible.
Geographically a "cirque lake"—a deep, steep walled recess
caused by glacial erosion, nestling 600 feet above the railway
on the far side of a mountain palisade, amidst an amphitheatre
of peaks—it is a dramatic palette upon which the Great Artist
has splashed his most gorgeous hues, a wonderful spectrum of
color. Deepest and most exquisitely colored is the lake itself,
sweeping from rosy dawn to sunset through green, blue, amethyst
and violet, undershot by gold; dazzling white is the sun-glorified
Victoria Glacier, at the farther end; sombre are the enclosing
pine-clad peaks that dip perpendicularly into the lake; and magnificent are the stark immensities of the snow-covered peaks
that enclose the picture except for the fleecy blue sky overhead.
The Chateau
On the margin of this most perfect lake, in a wonderful Alpine
flower garden where poppies, violets, columbines, anemones
and sheep laurel slope through terraced lawns to the water's
edge—the Canadian Pacific has placed its great Chateau Lake
Louise. The first hotel built by the Company on this spot
was an unpretentious log cabin. Some years later a bigger
building was erected and this has been repeatedly enlarged to
meet the demands of an ever-increasing stream of tourists,
until to-day a fire-proof modern and luxurious hotel with accommodation for seven hundred guests now stands there (open
June 1st to September 30th).
Across the front of the hotel extends a vast lounge that commands an uninterrupted view of the Lake through beautiful,
single-pane windows of enormous size. The dining-room, in
the right wing, has the same wonderful windows and view.
From the ballroom in the left wing the lake may be seen through
the arches of the cloistered terrace. Thus the visitor may
rest, dine and dance without losing sight of the beauty that
attracted him hither.
The Chateau has many attractions. Two fine hard tennis
courts are attached to the hotel, and a boat-house supplies
bright brown, secure rowing boats to the many who cannot
resist the magnetism of the clear, blue water. Below the dining-
room and overlooking the lake is an attractively terraced concrete
swimming-pool filled with heated glacial water and with an
instructor in attendance.
A Circle of Peaks
The peaks that surround Lake Louise form such a magnificent
background that many visitors ask nothing better than to sit
on the hotel verandah watching the marvellous kaleidoscope
of beauty and color that they present. From left to right
they are:—Saddleback, Fairview, Lefroy, Victoria, Collier,
Popes Peak, Whyte, the Devil's Thumb, the Needles, Big Beehive, Niblock, St. Piran, and Little Beehive. At the far end of
the Lake, catching for the greater part of the day the full glory
of the sun, their snowfields standing out in dazzling whiteness,
are the glaciers that drop down from Mount Victoria and the
lofty ice-crowned head of Mount Lefroy.
Along the westerly shores of Lake Louise a delightful mile-
and-a-half walk along a level trail affords splendid views of
further peaks—Mount Haddo, Aberdeen and the Mitre.
Moraine Lake
Another pearl of the Rockies is Moraine Lake, 9 miles from
Lake Louise at the end of one of the finest short motor rides
in the mountains. This lovely mountain lake, exquisitely
blue-green in color, lies in the Valley of the Ten Peaks—a tremendous and majestic semi-circle that with jagged profile encircles
the eastern and southern end of the lake.    Not one of these
Page Ten
"The nearest approach which I think can be made to perfect
beauty upon earth is probably at Lake Louise, that jewel in
Canada's rocky crown." Lord Shaw of Dunfermline
peaks is less than 10,000 feet in height—the highest, Mount
Deltaform, is 11,225 feet. Standing off a little, as a sort of
outpost, is the Tower of Babel, an interesting rock formation
of unusual shape. An extension trip should be made to Consolation Lake, the waters of which contain a plentiful supply
of rainbow, Dolly Varden, and cut-throat trout.
At the foot of the lake, where the creek flows out into the
Valley, is Moraine Lake Bungalow Camp. The main building,
in its attractive forest setting, contains a bright living and dining
room. ^ The small, separate log sleeping cabins are near at hand
providing sleeping accommodation. The camp is an admirable
centre for trail-riders and walkers who wish to explore the valley's
surroundings, and for mountaineers who aspire to the peaks.
An attractive excursion is to the Consolation Lakes, within
easy reach of the Camp and a good place for trout-fishing.
Lakes in the Clouds
To the right of the Chateau is one of the easiest and loveliest
trails to follow. It rises rapidly through a steep pine forest
abounding in shrubs and alpine flowers, while varied and sweeping views are to be seen through the occasional gaps in the forest.
Passing above the snow-line the trail reaches the first of the
Lakes in the Clouds, resting an icy blue in the green forest bowl.
This is Mirror Lake; into it a noisy cataract drops down a boulder-
strewn, cliff from Lake Agnes, the second of the Lakes in the
Clouds. The trail winds over a rocky path above the pines to
Lake Agnes, 1,200 feet above Lake Louise. This lake seldom
thaws until mid-July and is as quiet, though not so brilliantly
colored, as Mirror Lake, some 200 feet below. It is guarded
by its own little cirque of white-headed peaks around which the
sunlight and the billowing clouds chase each other with fascinating swiftness.
A delightful log tea-house stands on the cliff top where the
cataract falls down to Mirror Lake. Its wide hearth throws out
a welcome warmth, and its windows command two wonderful
views. On the one side is Lake Agnes and the cirque almost
overhead; on the other side a vast panorama of the Bow Valley
fades into the distance.
The well-shod climber can continue to the top of the Little
Beehive, or to the Observatory on top of the Big Beehive or
still further afield to the top of Mount St. Piran, 3,000 feet above
Lake Louise.
Plain of the Six Glaciers
Besides the mighty tongue of the Victoria Glacier, many
smaller glaciers descend into the cirque, and on the right side
of the cirque is the Plain of the Six Glaciers, where a spacious
tea-house with broad verandahs has been placed at the head
as an excellent resting place. The Plain can be reached bv
two trails. One continues from the Lake Agnes tea-house,
following the right shore of the lake into the little cirque as far
round as the Big Beehive, then descending between the Big
Beehive and the Devil's Thumb down a steep zig-zagging trail
into the Plain. Before reaching the Plain the trail branches
in three directions, all of which eventually lead to the second
trail into the Plain. The second trail leads directly from the
Chateau to the Plain, some 4 miles away, along the broad path
to the right of the Lake and up the Victoria creek to the foot
of the glacier. At this point the trails finally unite and make
a winding ascent to the tea-house, from which the view of the
cirque, and Victoria Glacier hanging between the cliffs of Mounts
Lefroy and Victoria, is unparalleled.
The tea-house provides all meals, and sleeping accommodation.
There is a continuation of the trail down to the route over
Abbot Pass (see below).
To the left of the Chateau another beautiful ride or walk
follows the broad trail up the further side of Fairview Mountain
to the Saddleback. The view from the pass between Fairview
and the Saddleback is a magnificent panorama of Paradise
Valley far below, with its little Lake Annette gleaming like an
emerald and its steep, brown-sided guardian mountains crowned
by the snowy summit of Mount Temple in the distance rising
11,626 feet. On the Saddleback is a tea-house, 1,800 feet
above Lake Louise that claims to be the highest in the British
Empire. From this point climbers can reach the summit of
Fairview, 9,001 feet high, or can go in the opposite direction to
the top of the Saddleback, 7,783 feet high. The rider can continue between the Saddleback and Mount Sheol down a winding
trail through the lovely Sheol Valley to find himself at length
in beautiful Paradise Valley, that from the Pass had looked so
mysteriously lovely and distantly low that it had seemed a
vision rather than reality.
Paradise Valley
Paradise Valley is about 6 miles long and lies between Lake
Louise and Moraine Lake. It is a garden of the mountains,
carpeted with green and dotted with brightly hued Alpine
flowers of many varieties, including anemone and asters. It is
a very attractive trail ride either directly from the Chateau or
by way of the Saddleback. At the head of the Valley, Paradise
Creek cascades down an enormous rock stairway called the
Giant's Steps, from which the trail leads across the creek and
returns by way of Lake Annette. This tiny mountain lake is
the emerald heart of the valley and over it rises the mighty
white head of Mount Temple. The trail then recrosses* the
creek to join the main trail back to the Chateau.
(Continued on page 16) Lake Louise—seen from the Chateau
Painted by Carl Rungius, N.A.
Page Eleven Around this page are {
seen a Royal Canadian |
Mounted Policeman— {
some of   the   famous
Lake Louise poppies—
the    Chateau     Lake
Louise—the Tea House
at Lake Agnes—and a
general   view   of   the
Lakes in the Clouds.
 a  M     . .
Page Twelve Page Thirteen -
A" Monarch of the Mountains
(Wapiti or Elk)
By Carl Rungius, N.A.
The Kicking Horse Pass
Between Lake Louise and Yoho Valley
From a pastel by Leonard Richmond, R.B.A., R.O.I.
The Rocky Mountain Bighorn
(Mountain Sheep)
By Carl Rungius, N.A.
Page Fourteen
Page Fifteen 'VHE route to Moraine Lake can also be followed by
trail-riders, while climbers can test their skill by returning along the steep and difficult trail leading from the
head of the Lake, over Sentinel Pass, and down into Paradise
Bungalow Camp Circle Trail Ride
An attractive 6-day Circle Trail Ride round the Bungalow
Camps will start from Lake Louise once a week during the
months of July and August. The points visited are Wapta
Camp, Lake O'Hara Camp, Lake McArthur, Ottertail trail,
Emerald Lake, Yoho Pass, Yoho Valley Camp, Burgess Pass
and Field.    For rates, see page 24.
To Emerald Lake
From Lake Louise there are a number of very attractive
motor excursions. Besides the ones to Moraine Lake and
Banff, there is a fine road to Field and Emerald Lake. This
leads west on a high line to the Great Divide, and crossing to
near Wapta Bungalow Camp at Hector follows the brawling
Kicking Horse River. It is a spectacular ride and links up
with established roads in Yoho National Park. During the
season, regular daily sight-seeing motor services leave Lake
Louise and return in the evening. On this drive one crosses
the Great Divide, stopping at Wapta Camp, Yoho Valley
Camp, and Emerald Lake. ^ From Emerald Lake the new
"Kicking Horse Trail" continues to Golden.
Abbot Pass
From Victoria Glacier there is a fine climb over Abbot Pass
between Mount Victoria and Mount Lefroy, descending to Lake
O'Hara. (See page 18). It is well to start in the morning,
taking the trail around the west shore of the Lake, ascending
the Victoria Valley and following the edge of Victoria Creek
until you reach the foot of the glacier. You can make a short
diversion to the Plain of Six Glaciers Tea-House en route. The
glacier is three miles long and a half mile wide, and there is
much of interest such as glacier tables, moulins and seracs.
An Alpine hut (with accommodation for twenty) is situated
near the summit of the Pass at an altitude of over 9,500 feet
for the convenience of climbers, and most people prefer to stop
the night here and see a glorious sunrise in the morning. This
expedition may be undertaken by the novice, who, however,
must be accompanied by a Swiss guide.
Lake O'Hara
In the morning you descend the other side of the Pass to Lake
O'Hara, one of the loveliest of all Rocky Mountain waters.
Here there is a Bungalow Camp where you may stay before
returning to Louise, and perhaps, if you have a few hours to
spare, take the trail that leads to Lake McArthur, whose blue
waters lie at an altitude of 7,359 feet. There is a glacier here,
and huge blocks of ice may be seen floating on the surface of
the lake, even in the summer time.
Wild Life
All these expeditions hold a wonderful charm, especially for
those interested in the wild animal life and the exquisite Alpine
flowers of the mountains. Over 500 species of flowers grow in
the Rocky Mountains, and many of these are to be found in
the valleys and on the lower slopes and Alpine meadows of the
Lake Louise region. , # '•
Of the wild creatures, the Hoary Marmot, who is well-known
by his shrill whistle, the Marten, the Chipmunk, the Bighorn
or Mountain Sheep and Blacktail or Mule Deer, are seen in
The Swimming Pool at the Chateau Lake Louise.
large numbers.    Black Bears are also not uncommon, and some
are becoming very tame.
It is a common saying that there are no birds in the mountains,
but anyone with eyes and ears can soon disprove this belief.
The Franklin grouse is one species which nearly every visitor
is bound to see. This bird seems to have no sense at all and is
generally referred to as the "fool-hen". A type of Canadian
jay, the whiskey-jack, is plentiful enough, and sometimes these
saucy birds will stand and inspect one from every angle. Other
birds likely to be seen are the mountain bluebird, eagle, ptarmigan
the cheerful chickadee, water ousel and humming bird.
Fishing in the Rockies
Five varieties of game fish have their habitat in the waters
of the Rocky Mountains National Park, the cut-throat, lake,
Dolly Varden, bull and brook trout. Good fishing can be
obtained in the Bow River upstream and downstream,
Lake Minnewanka, Mystic Lake, Sawback Lakes, Spray River,
the Spray Lakes, and the Lower Kananaskis Lake.
Around Lake Louise, reasonably good fishing is afforded in the
Pipestone River, Consolation Lake, the Upper Bow Lakes and
other places. The open season for fishing in the national parks is
from July 1st to September 30th, inclusive. There is a Fishing
Inspector at the office of the Superintendent of Rocky Mountains
Park, at Banff, from whom full and reliable information can be
Between Lake Louise and the Pacific Coast there are numerous
points well worth the attention of the angler. Sicamous is a
good centre, at the head of the celebrated Shuswap Lakes,
and comfortable headquarters can be established at the Canadian
Pacific hotel adjoining the station. Shuswap Lake has the
reputation of containing more varieties of trout and other fish
(including steelhead trout and land-locked salmon) than any
water in British Columbia. Kamloops, at the junction of the
north and south branches of the Thompson River, is an excellent
centre for the fly fiisherman and within easy reach are several
fine waters. The lower stretches of both the Thompson and
Fraser Rivers offer good fishing at many points.
While hunting is forbidden within the National Parks in
the Canadian Pacific Rockies, there is magnificent sport to be
obtained outside the Park limits, and the Canadian Pacific
Railway hotels and bungalow camps are good starting points
for some of the best hunting grounds. The bear, the mountain
goat, the Rocky Mountain sheep (the "Bighorn"), the
moose and the caribou are the chief animals hunted. The
principal hunting districts are the Lilloet, Cariboo and East
Kootenay regions, while the British Columbia coast and the
country inland from it afford almost virgin territory. The
Cassiar country, in northern B.C. is one of the finest and
most celebrated sporting regions of this continent.
Full information as to fishing and hunting possibilities in
the different localities of the mountains and the British
Columbia coast, with lists of outfitters, guides, etc., is contained in a series of bulletins which will be gladly furnished
upon request by the General Tourist Agent, Canadian Pacific
Railway, Montreal, Quebec.
Motor Trips around Lake Louise
Moraine Lake (see above).   Three times daily.
Banff (see page 9).   Three times daily.
Emerald Lake (see above).   Twice daily.
24-Hour Motor Detour, Banff, to Golden (see page 24) stays
overnight at Lake Louise in either direction.
The Lariat Trail,  3  days  (see page 24)  passes Lake Louise
eastbound the last day.
Lake Windermere, 2 days (see page 24) Tuesday, Thursday,
Saturday, can be commenced from Lake Louise as well as
from Banff, the distance being the same.
Outdoor Trips at Lake Louise
Trail Trips. Lakes in the Clouds, Saddleback, Paradise Valley,
and Plain of Six Glaciers—regular daily trips, once or twice
a day.
6-Day Circle Trail Trip — see above.
The Pipestone Valley, 19 miles from Lake Louise—camping
ground at Pipestone Lake, in an Alpine meadow amid high
glacial surroundings of spectacular grandeur and beauty.
Good fishing. Take camping outfit. Trip made by arrangement only.
Trips to the Ptarmigan Valley, Hector Lake, Bow Lake, the Molar
Pass, the Skoki Valley and Baker Creek—by arrangement
Fishing—see above.
Climbing. Lake Louise is one of the recognized mountain climbing centres of the Rockies, and has many good climbs both
for the novice and the experienced alpinist. Some short
and easy climbs will be found in the Beehive, Mount St.
Piran, Saddle Mountain and Mount Fairview. For the
expert alpinist there are plenty of climbs around Lake Louise
that will provide him with sufficient opportunity to use
his skill. Some of these are the ascent of Mounts Whyte,
Popes, Collier, the north peak of Victoria, Lefroy, The Mitre
and Aberdeen.
Swiss Guides are attached to the Chateau Lake Louise for
those who wish to visit the glaciers or climb mountains.
As they are greatly in demand, it is advisable to make arrangements well in advance. Rates $7.00 per day. Climbers
must be equipped with Swiss Alpine climbing boots.
Page Sixteen „...aKS-8"-""!**
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Pag£ Seventeen ^OHO National Park (area 476 square miles) immediately
adjoins Rocky Mountains Park along the crest of the Great
Divide. In this realm of winsome beauty there are deep cool
primeval forests, giant mountains, ancient white expanses of
glacier, foaming waterfalls, rushing rivers and lakes of jade and
sapphire. The Canadian Pacific Railway has opened up this
magnificent country to the tourist. Scattered here and there,
at convenient points throughout the Park, are bungalow camps,
chalets and tea houses. All these are linked up by excellent
motor roads or trails.
Wapta Bungalow Camp
Wapta Lake, a beautiful sheet of water that is the principal
source of the Kicking Horse River, lies high up near the Great
Divide. The Canadian Pacific circles one side with a station
at Hector, while the motor road from Field to Lake Louise
is on the camp side. Since the opening of this highway it is
possible to drive over from Yoho to Wapta, passing the charming
Kicking Horse Tea-House.
Like most of the Rocky Mountain lakes, the color of Wapta
is an indescribable green, varying in shade with every whim
of the atmosphere—jade, emerald, apple, grass—and looking
frequently as though gallons of rich yellow cream had been
poured into it. On its shores is Wapta Bungalow Camp, with
its community house and detached log cabins, which can accommodate altogether 58 guests. From the camp you can see stern
Mount Stephen (named after the first President of the Canadian
Pacific), Victoria with her gleaming opalescent scarf of snow
and ice, Narao and Cathedral Crags.
Two and a half miles of beautifully wooded trail will take you
to Sherbrooke Lake, which lies in a depression between Mount
Ogden and Paget Peak. In another direction is Ross Lake hidden
between Niblock and Narao.
Lake O'Hara
Lake O'Hara lies eight miles south of Wapta, and can be
reached by a splendid trail. Gaining the top of a barren plateau
on the other side of Lake Wapta you can look back on the Bungalow Camp, which lies like a toy village strewn on the slooe of
Paget Peak. The trail winds on, now ascending, now descending,
first through a jade temple of a forest, thence into an Alpine
flower garden, where the botanist could count seventy-five
varieties of wild flowers in half as many minutes. Delicate
as a muted harmony, many of them; others flame with regal
insolence, and the whole meadow is so thickly carpeted that
picking your way through it without damaging some of the
blossoms is utterly impossible.
The siren-song of a cascade calls; you push on, passing through
a grove of spruces, and the richly colored waters of Lake O'Hara
invite your admiration. One's eyes are drawn up and up to
the glorious peaks that stand guard about this lovely lake,
the joy and despair of artists—Wiwaxy's jagged top sharply
defined against the skyline, the towering mass of Huber, the
white splendour of Victoria and Lefroy, and the encircling
majesty of Yukness, Hungabee, Biddle, Schaffer and Odaray,
with the vast towers of Cathedral in the distance.
Lake O'Hara Bungalow Camp
Lake O'Hara Bungalow Camp is situated on a slight elevation
overlooking the lake, at its very edge, and the log cabins cluster
on the shore, encircled with pine and spruce. Rooms can also be
obtained in the Chalet.  The Camp consists of a central building
Wapta Bungalow Camp.
and a group of log cabins, which together accommodate 38, the
former on the Swiss Chalet style, decorated in a rustic fashion.
O'Hara does not advertise modern luxuries, but its grate fires,
comfortable chairs, hot and cold water baths, simple but well-
cooked meals, and beds that are a benediction to tired bodies,
take away the rough edges of camping life.
There is another route to Lake O'Hara;—going from Field
to the end of the motor road of the junction of the Ottertail
trail and thence via this trail along McArthur Creek and Pass.
Lake McArthur
Everybody who visits O'Hara takes the trip to Lake McArthur.
The trail is good, and leads through meadow-lands and up the
ruggy stony shoulder of Mount Schaffer, from whence there is
a superb view of rugged Ottertail Valley. McArthur is one of
the largest lakes at such a high altitude (7,359 feet) in the mountains. It is cupped in the Biddle amphitheatre, absolutely
barren of trees, and overhung on one side by Schaffer and on
the other side by Park Mountain. McArthur is every conceivable shade of blue—aquamarine, sapphire, cerulean; a glorious
gem, its surface covered with dancing points of silver—a vast
shield of damascened steel.
Lake Oesa
Lake Oesa is more inaccessible than McArthur. One follows
the trail around the lake from the Chalet to the foot of the
Seven Sisters Waterfall and clambers up a steep bit to a plateau,
and more steep bits to higher plateaus. , In the bosom of the
highest one of all is Lake Oesa, which is smaller than either
O'Hara and McArthur, and neither so green as the one, nor
so blue as the other. The very spirit of silence broods over
Oesa. In its serenity it seems to be as remote from the living
world as if it were in the moon.
Abbot Pass
From Oesa you can cross Abbot Pass and descend to Lake
Louise. (See page 16). This is not a trip for the unseasoned,
the inexperienced, or the foolhardy, for it is on foot over the
glaciers; but provided you have a sturdy constitution, a Swiss
guide, proper climbing clothes, and about eight hours of fair
weather, you can make this magnificent excursion easily enough.
The Yoho Valley
The Yoho Valley can be reached in a variety of ways. Running
roughly at right angles to the Kicking Horse Pass, a motor-
road runs in from the main Lake Louise-Emerald Lake road
as far as the Bungalow Camp; so that it can be reached by motor
from either Lake Louise, Wapta, Field or Emerald Lake. There
are two ways in by trail, of which we will speak later.
The ride by motor is one of the finest drives in the Rockies
(round trip distance from Field, 22 miles; from Lake Louise,
42 miles). The road, crossing the Kicking Horse River, follows
the milky glacier-fed stream to where it joins the Yoho River,
near the entrance of the valley at Mount Field, round which
it swings, and up the valley until some precipitous cliffs are
reached. The pine forest gives a welcome shade and fragrance,
and, as the way winds up the cliffs to a higher level, the Yoho
torrent foaming below shrinks with distance. Up these it
zigzags to a higher level, ending a short distance past the Takakkaw Falls.
Takakkaw, the stream that comes down from the Daly
Glacier, is 1,200 feet high. It is not a river of water but a river
of foam, which drops with an oddly leisurely appearance, very
much like a falling of those rockets called Golden Rain.
Yoho Valley Bungalow Camp
Yoho Valley Bungalow Camp, which has accommodation
for 64 people, is situated in a meadow within sight and sound of
Takakkaw Falls. It is an ideal place for hikers and riders;
and, like the other Bungalow Camps of the region, consists of
a central club house with separate wooden sleeping bungalows.
There are many fine trail rides from the Camp (the motor
road ending here), particularly into the upper valley and over
Summit Pass.    You will find them described on page 20.
Motor Services
Many services between Lake Louise, Yoho Valley and Emerald
Lake, including the 24-Hour Motor Detour and the Lariat
Trail, all passing Wapta Lake.
Outdoor Trips in Yoho National Park
Trail Trips.    Wapta,  Yoho and Lake O'Hara  Camps are on
the 6-day Circle Trail Trip.    (See page 16.)
Wapta to Lake O'Hara (see above), Yoho Camp to Emerald
Lake, Upper Yoho Valley and Burgess Pass (see page 20.)
Climbing—see under Emerald Lake (page 20) and Abbot Pass
(page 16).
Fishing—occasionally some, in Wapta and Sherbrooke Lakes.
Page Eighteen Lake O'Hara—seen from the Bungalow Camp
Painted by J. E. H. Macdonald
Page Nineteen \LL the points in Yoho National Park at which accommodation is provided for visitors are linked up, either by motor
road or good trail; and therefore Emerald Lake is not only of
itself one of the most popular centres, but also the axis for
excursions to other places mentioned on preceding pages.
Field, a little railway town and divisional point that nestles
at the foot of Mount Stephen—a giant that towers 6,500 feet
above to a height of 10,485 feet above sea-level—is the point
at which you descend from the train; or if you have come from
Banff or Lake Louise, the motor-road brings you past Field.
From the town it is seven miles out to Emerald Lake Chalet,
by a fine road through the hush of a scented pine-forest.
Natural Bridge
Soon you reach Natural Bridge—an ineffectual effort on the
part of nature to curb the foaming passage of the Kicking Horse
by choking the river bed with huge boulders. A platform has
been built across the cataract for the convenience of visitors,
and on the other side there is a charming little Tea-House.
The road becomes Snowpeak Avenue—because at either end of
its straight cathedral-stiff avenue can be seen a towering, snowcapped mountain.
Emerald Lake
The superb green of Emerald Lake is beyond Nature's achievement in any other lake in the Rockies. Tall pines crowd to the
water's edge to see their perfect reflection, and to see inverted in
the emerald mirror the snowy giants that surround it. Burgess
looms at one end of the lake, while more distant are Wapta,
Michael, President, Carnarvon and Emerald.
The Chalet
Emerald Lake Chalet, on the southern shore, is built of great
squared timbers, fortress-like in their solidity, surrounded by
log-cabin bungalows under whispering trees. The settlement
now consists of three units—the original Chalet, the Club
House, and the bungalows.
The Chalet, originally built several years ago, and recently
enlarged, is along Swiss Chalet lines, with deep overhanging
balconies. It contains the office, the dining room, and many
bedrooms. The Club House is what its name implies; it is an
especial favorite at nights, either the verandah, with its magnificent sunset and moonlight views, or indoors, where a good
floor for dancing, comfortable chairs for lounging, card-tables,
a library and a great log fire provide entertainment for all.
The bungalows were built recently as an annexe to take care
of the overflow sleeping accommodation. They are of various
sizes, most daintily and comfortably furnished, with hot and cold
running water, bathrooms, stoves, clothes bureaux, etc. All
of them have their individual verandahs, and the larger ones
are 'en suite' with connecting doors.
Emerald Lake Chalet accommodates about 120 guests, and is
open from June 15th to September 15th.
Emerald Lake has a fair supply of trout, and its vicinity
affords many charming excursions on foot or by trail. There
is a good trail all around the Lake, which is the shortest four
and a half miles you've ever walked, and perhaps the loveliest,
and another to Hamilton Falls. A boat-house provides skiffs
for water excursions.
Summit Pass
One of the finest trail trips from Emerald Lake, on the back
of a sturdy, sure-footed mountain pony, is to the Summit—
the pass, that is to say, leading into the Yoho Valley. The
return journey can be made in four hours afoot or by pony,
but many people prefer to make it an all-day affair.   Following
The Way to Emerald Lake—Snowpeak Avenue.
the road to the end of the Lake, you begin to climb up an eighteen
hundred foot treeless cliff, while more and more of the world
spreads out beneath you, and Emerald Lake far below grows
smaller and greener.
A last stiff pull and you are over the top, cantering gaily
through a cool moist forest, and then Summit Lake (or more
properly, Yoho Lake), green like Emerald, but not so large,
flashes in the clearing.
Here is situated a cosy little log-cabin Tea-House, where you
can have much relished meals or sleep overnight.
Yoho Valley
From Summit Pass there is a good trail leading down to the
Yoho Valley, coming out near the Bungalow Camp. The view
from the top is a magnificent one of wide vistas, with Takakkaw
Falls on the far side of the Valley.
Pausing near the Bungalow Camp, you can turn into the
Upper Yoho Valley. A beautiful trail winds up the valley to
Twin Falls and Yoho Glacier, passing Point Lace Falls, Angel's
Stairs and Laughing Falls. Yoho Glacier lies at the Valley's
end, a breath-taking wonderful sight. The curved top is of a
whiteness beyond anything but that of what it is—neve snow.
The lower seracs are each individualized in the clear air, with
subtk blue shadows. It does not give a sense of horror as do
some ice-fields; the beauty of it triumphs over that.
For the majority the ride up the valley to the culminating
glacier is enough for one day, and fortunately there is no need
to return, for opposite Twin Falls (two fast columns that drop
almost perpendicularly) is Twin Falls Tea-House with sleeping
accommodation overnight.
The High Trail
You can return by the "High Trail," mounting through
Alpine meadows, carpeted with purple and white bryanthus,
till you come out of the scent of wild flowers and balsam high
over Yoho Valley. The sense of quiet disappears, and there
comes to you as you ride along the edge of a sort of natural
bastion the roar of waters and a sigh of wind. Across the valley,
the great Waputik snowfield and Takakkaw Falls glimmer in
the westerning sun and you can pick out in that clear air the
faint black of the Canadian Pacific track going into the Spiral
Tunnels beyond the Kicking Horse River. Soon you reach the
Summit Lake again and the trail home.
Burgess Pass
Or from Summit Lake you can turn in another direction,
round on to Burgess Pass, altitude 7,150 feet. It is a wonderful
journey. The great crags of Wapta flaunt up to the left, and to
the right, at every step, there appear higher up new visions of
the President Range. The guide can point out to you the way
to the now well-known Burgess Pass Fossil Quarry, which was
discovered by Dr. Walcott in 1910, and has yielded to science
the finest and largest series of Middle Cambrian fossils yet
unearthed and the finest invertebrate fossils discovered in any
formation.    Descent can be made from the Pass down to Field.
Motor Trips from Emerald Lake .
Field.    Transfer at train time and on all other trips.
Lake Louise (see page 16)—Twice daily.
Kicking Horse Tea-House and  Wapta Camp—on all trips to
Lake Louise.
Yoho Valley.    On various trips.
Yoho Circle Tour.    Field, Yoho   Valley,   Emerald  Lake  and
Field.    Once daily.
Golden.    Once daily (see 24-Hour Motor Detour, page 24).
The Lariat Trail    (see page 24) spends the second  night  at
Emerald Lake.
Ottertail Road, via Field, following south side of Kicking Horse
River—by arrangement.
Outdoor Trips at Emerald Lake
Trail Trips Over Summit Pass to Yoho Valley Camp, or by
branch into either the upper Yoho Valley or over Burgess
Pass to Field (see above). Emerald Lake is on the 6-day
Circle Trail Trip (see page 16).
Climbing. Mounts President, Vice-President, Burgess and Wapta: at Field, Mount Stephen. These are all fairly hard climbs.
There is another fine climb from Field over Dennis Pass
between Mounts Stephen and Dennis, thence over Duchesnay
Pass and down to the Lake O'Hara trail.
Fishing—occasionally, in Emerald Lake.
Circle Trips
Yoho National Park offers every inducement to linger for
weeks; but by means of these bungalows camps, wrhich serve
as focal points for the fine series of roads, it is possible to visit
it thoroughly without retracing one's steps.
Page Twenty Emerald Lake—seen from the Chalet
Painted by Hal Ross Perrigard, A.R.C.A.
Page Twenty-one
 __ ,    .  ; ,    ■ , ,   .
maimtv	 Page Twenty-two Page Twenty-three
w—mmmmm 'Y H E comprehensive programme of road-construction carried on by the National Parks Department of the Canadian
Government during the past few years has rendered easily
accessible some of the most magnificent scenery in the
Canadian Pacific Rockies. These roads are of hard, stable
construction. Excellent automobile services (both private
cars and organized sight-seeing busses) greatly enhance the
pleasure of the visitor.
24-Hour Motor Detour
One of the finest of these organized automobile excursions is
the new "24-Hour Motor Detour" which will be inaugurated
in the summer of 1928. This is from Banff to Golden, and
gives a rapid survey of the "highlights" of the nearer mountain region. Leaving Banff after lunch, a 42-mile run is
made to Lake Louise, and the night spent at the Chateau
Lake Louise. Next morning the journey continues to the
Great Divide, Wapta Lake, the Kicking Horse Pass, Yoho
Valley, Emerald Lake, the Kicking Horse Canyon, and
Golden. Similar schedules are established in the reverse
This Detour is so timed as to waste no time, but to pick
through passengers up soon after their arrival at either Banff
(going westward) or Golden (going eastward), and to set them
down at the other end of the trip in time to take their train.
Special arrangements are made for handling baggage and
sleeping-car reservations. The length of the detour, including
a sight-seeing ride round Banff, is 142 miles.
We have issued a special detailed circular about this very
attractive excursion, which can be procured from all Canadian
Pacific agenci'es.
Banff-Winder mere Road
The famous Banff-Windermere Road, pioneer and still perhaps the leader of the mountain roads, takes you into a magnificent section.    In length 104 miles, it runs from Banff over the
Vermilion Pass (altitude 5,264 feet) into Kootenay National Park,
and   then   follows  the  Vermilion   and   Kootenay   Rivers   until
within a few miles of Sinclair Pass.    Passing through Sinclair
Canyon, the road emerges after several miles into the Columbia
River Valley and soon reaches the beautiful Lake Windermere.
To afford accommodation for those making this trip, the
Canadian Pacific has erected four bungalow camps en route.
These halts for either meals or sleeping accommodation are
conveniently spaced as to distance: they are Castle Mountain
Bungalow Camp (26 miles from either Banff or Lake Louise),
Vermilion River Camp (50 miles), Radium Hot Springs Camp
(91 miles) and Lake Windermere Camp (104 miles). Each
has a central club house for dining and recreational purposes,
and sleeping accommodation in separate log bungalows.
Lake Windermere Camp is a centre for excursions up Toby
Creek and Horse Thief Creek to the great ice fields of the Selkirks, notably the Lake of the Hanging Glaciers (which will be
the scene, in 1928, of the annual ride of the Trail Riders Association). Bathing, riding, boating, fishing and motoring can
be enjoyed on the shores of Lake Windermere, and good trout
fishing can be found in nearby creeks and some of the smaller
The Columbia River Highway runs from Golden to Lake
Windermere, thus forming, in connection with the Banff-Windermere Road and the continuous Banff-Golden Road, a complete
circuit of three National Parks—Rocky Mountains, Yoho
and Kootenay. A very fine excursion, called "the Lariat
Trail," occupying three days, is organized to leave Banff twice
a week in the summer months to embrace all these. Leaving
Banff, it proceeds to Castle Mountain, turns south along the
Banff-Windermere Road as far as Radium Hot  Springs   (where
The new Kicking Horse Trail, from Emerald Lake to Golden.
the first night is spent), thence turns north to Golden and east
along the Kicking Horse Canyon to Emerald Lake (second
night). The third day it runs to Yoho Valley, Wapta Lake,
the Great Divide, Lake Louise and Banff.
A two-day "all expense tour" from either Banff or Lake Louise
to Lake Windermere Camp and return is also operated three
times a week during the summer months.
Other Motor Tours
Local trips around Banff, Lake Louise, Yoho Valley and
Emerald Lake will be found described under those heads on
other pages.
The Columbia River Highway continues south of Lake Windermere to Cranbrook, whence one can proceed to Spokane,
Seattle, Los Angeles or Vancouver; or, turning eastward,
through the Crow's Nest Pass to Macleod, Lethbridge, Calgary
or points south. Waterton Lakes Park can be reached from
this route.
Trail Riding
Reference is made at various points in this publication to
saddle-pony trips. A trail trip into the depths of the mountains
forms, indeed, the most enjoyable way of visiting beautiful
spots that would not otherwise be easily accessible.
The mountain pony, mountain-bred, fool-proof, untiring,
can be ridden by practically anyone, whether he or she has ever
before been on a horse or not. From all hotels and bungalow
camps in the Canadian Pacific Rockies, there are good roads
and trails radiating in all directions, which are kept up by the
National Parks Department. Some trail trips are of one day's
duration only; others stretch over several days, necessitating carrying camping outfit.   It  is  customary on all long trips, and
even on some short ones, to engage guides who supply horses,
tents, food, etc., and do the necessary cooking. The new
Circle Trail Ride starting from Lake Louise will, however,
simplify the problem of packhorses, as every night but one will
be spent in a bungalow camp.
Trail Riders
Those who have ridden fifty miles or upwards in the Canadian
Rockies are qualified for membership in the Trail Riders of the
Canadian Rockies, which affords an unusual opportunity for
those interested in trail-riding to get together. The aims of the
Trail Riders' Association are, principally, to encourage travel
on horseback through the Canadian Rockies, to foster the maintenance and improvement of old trails and the building of
new trails, and to encourage the love of out-door life.
Membership is of several grades, according to the distance
ridden—50, 100, 500, 1,000 and 2,500 miles. There are now
1,000 members.
Official Ride
Each year an annual " Pow-Wow" and Official Ride is held,
lasting several days and bringing together a large number of
men and women interested in the fine recreation of trail-
riding. The 1928 Official Ride will be from Horse Thief
Creek, near Lake Windermere, to the spectacular Lake of the
Hanging Glaciers. Automobiles will take intending riders to
the starting point, from either Lake Windermere, Banff or
Lake Louise. A special round trip rate of $10.00 per head for
parties of not less than four from Banff to the starting point
has been arranged in connection with this annual Official
Ride, which will start early in August and last five days.
Rate, including horse, food, and share of tent, will be $50.00,
exclusive of automobile. Riders must bring their own sleeping
bags and blankets. Reservations must be made at least 14
days in advance to the Secretary-Treasurer, Mr. J. M.
Gibbon, Room 324, Windsor Station, Montreal, Que.
Circle Rides
In addition to this official ride, circle trail rides will be operated
during July and August around the Bungalow Camps from Lake
Louise on a trip lasting six days. Another circle trail ride will
be operated weekly from Banff to Stoney Lake, Sawback Lake
and Mystic Lake On this trip there is some magnificent scenery
and also, usually, good fishing.
These circle trips will be operated under the auspices of the
Trail Riders of the Canadian Rockies and under the direction
of Colonel Phil A. Moore, whose office is at Lake Louise. Rates
for both these rides are $10.00 per day, inclusive of pony,
food and sleeping accommodation in either tents or bungalow
camps,—except for the Emerald Lake day, which will be $12.00.
On to the Pacific
From Golden, the Canadian Pacific ascends the second of the
great backbone ranges, the Selkirks, and enters Glacier National
Park. The Selkirk Range, smaller in size than the Rockies, is
geologically much older; with its massive peaks and giant glaciers,
it has somewhat of an air of isolation and mystery. At the
present time, there is no hotel or camp accommodation.
Mount Revelstoke Park, close to Glacier, and altogether a
mountain-top one, provides a wonderful automobile trip. A
road has been constructed by the Government to the very summit.
Sicamous, or Shuswap Lake, is a favorite stop-over point for
those who wish to view the mountain panorama entirely by
daylight. A charming hotel is operated here by the Canadian
Page Twenty-four
''"*   vv>'"' The Yoho Glacier—near Yoho Valley Bungalow Camp
From a pastel by Leonard Richmond, R.B.A., R.O.I.
Page Twenty fiv Page Twenty-six Page Twenty-seven Page Twenty-eight
The Lake of the Hanging Glaciers
Where this summer (1928) will be held the Annual Camp of the Alpine Club of Canada
and the Annual Pow-Wow of the Trail Riders of the Canadian Rockies
Painted by Richard M. Kimbel ^
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See that your ticket l|
Winnipeg, and Seattle,
Puget Sound Steamshi and Connecting Lines
There are the following main routes to and from the Pacific Coast.
1.—-Montreal Service:
Montreal Regina Golden
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North Bay Medicine Hat Sicamous
Sudbury Calgary Vancouver
Port Arthur Banff Victoria
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2.—Toronto Service:
Toronto MacTier
Thence same as Route 1.
To and From Chicago, St. Paul and Minneapolis
Via Twin Cities, Emerson, and Winnipeg.
4.—-To and From Chicago, St. Paul and Minneapolis
Via Twin Cities, Portal, and Moose Jaw.
There are the following diversions, alternatives and optional
routes which can be combined with them:
5.—The Great Lakes Route.
Canadian 'Pacific Steamship service between
(a) Port McNicoll and Port Arthur—Fort William.
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Continuing by rail from these points.
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and join it again at either
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Leave Main Line at Medicine Hat, and
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(to Kingsgate via Yahk)
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(Kingsgate to Spokane)
U.P. orS.P. &S.
(Spokane to Portland).
8.-—Routes between Vancouver and
(a) Canadian   Pacific   Princess   steamships   from
Vancouver to Victoria to Seattle.
(b) Canadian   Pacific   Princess   steamships   Vancouver to Seattle direct.
(c) All-rail route from Vancouver to Seattle, via
G. N. Ry.
9.—Routes South of Seattle.
(a) Seattle to Portland, G. N., N. P. or U. P.
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Allowed on First-Class One-Way and Round-Trip Tickets to and from
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These tickets will be honored either direct or via
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(a) Lake Ontario Shore Line
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(c) Via Ottawa—Main Line
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From Ottawa there are direct trains to Toronto via
both (a) and (b).
B—On the Prairies
(a) Between Emerson or Winnipeg and Calgary,
tickets may be routed via direct line or via Portage
la Prairie, Kirkella or Regina, Saskatoon, and
Wetaskiwin or Edmonton. Or via Moose Jaw,
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Moose   Jaw   and   Lacombe.
(b) Between Portal and Calgary, tickets may be
routed Via direct line, or via Moose Jaw, Macklin
and Wetaskiwin, or Edmonton. Or via Moose Jaw
and Lacombe.
(c) Between Swift Current and Bassano, via either
Medicine Hat or Empress.
(d) Between Weyburn and Lethbridge, via either
Moose Jaw and Medicine Hat, or via Assiniboia and
ps necessary.
Railway is built directly through four Dominion of Canada National Parks
n Rockies. Over 500 continuous miles of the most magnificent scenery in
ed from the train.
etween Eastern Canada or United States, or St. Paul, Minneapolis, Duluth or
Tacoma, Portland or California includes coupons for the delightful 165-mile
) trip between Vancouver, Victoria and Seattle.    No Extra Charge.
Checked For C.P. R. Lings Oct. 1327 ■      JTC0ST^»N~^T-
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Atlanta Georgia—E. G. Chesbrough, General Agent Passenger Dept 1017 Healey Bldg.
Banff  .Alberta—J. A. McDonald, District Passenger Agent C. P. R. Station
Boston Massachusetts—L. R. Hart, General Agent Passenger Dept 405 Boylston St.
Buffalo New York—H. R. Mathewson, General Agent Passenger Dept 160 Pearl St.
Calgary  Alberta—G. D. Brophy, District Passenger Agent. C. P. R. Station
Chicago Illinois—T. J. Wall, General Agent Rail Traffic 71 East Jackson Blvd.
Cincinnati Ohio—M. E. Malone, General Agent Passenger Dept 201 Dixie Terminal Bldg.
Cleveland Ohio—G. H. Griffin, General Agent Passenger Dept 1010 Chester Ave.
Detroit Michigan—G. G. McKay, General Agent Passenger Dept 1231 Washington Blvd.
Edmonton Alberta—C. S. Fyfe, City Passenger Agent  .... .C. P. R.  Bldg.
Fort William Ontario—A. J.  Boreham, City Passenger Agent  404 Victoria Ave.
Guelph Ontario—W. C. Tully, City Passenger Agent 30 Wyndham St.
Halifax Nova Scotia —A.  C. McDonald, City Passenger Agent. 117 Hollis St.
Hamilton Ontario—A. Craig, City Passenger Agent Cor. King and James Sts.
Honolulu. Hawaii—Theo. H. Davies & Co.
Juneau Alaska—W. L. Coates, Agent.
Kansas City Missouri—R. G. Norris, City Passenger Agent 723 Walnut St.
Ketchikan Alaska—E. Anderson, Agent.
Kingston Ontario—J. H. Welch, City Passenger Agent 180 Wellington St.
London.  .Ontario—H. J. McCallum, City Passenger Agent 417 Richmond St.
Los Angeles California—W. Mcllroy, General Agent Passenger Dept 621 So. Grand Ave.
Milwaukee. Wisconsin—F. T. Sansom, City Passenger Agent 68 Wisconsin St.
Minneapolis Minnesota—H. M. Tait, General Agent Passenger Dept 611 2nd Ave. South
Montreal Onphpc  ' District Passenger Agent Windsor Station
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Moose Jaw Saskatchewan—T.  J.  Colton,  Ticket  Agent Canadian   Pacific  Station
Nelson British Columbia—J. S. Carter, District Passenger Agent Baker & Ward Sts.
New York New York—F. R. Perry, General Agent Rail Traffic Madison Ave. at 44th "t.
North Bay Ontario—C. H. White, District  Passenger Agent 87 Main Street.
Ottawa • Ontario—J. A. McGill, General Agent Passenger Dept 83 Sparks St.
Peterboro Ontario—J. Skinner, City Passenger Agent George St.
Philadelphia Pennsylvania—J. C. Patterson, Assistant General Agent 1500 Locust St.
Pittsburgh Pennsylvania—C. L. Williams, General Agent Passenger Dept 338 Sixth Ave.
Portland Oregon—W. H. Deacon, General Agent Passenger Dept 55 Third St.
Prince Rupert. . . British Columbia—W. C. Orchard, General Agent.
Quebec Quebec—C. A.  Langevin,  General Agent Passenger Dept Palais  Station
Regina  . .Saskatchewan—J. W. Dawson, District  Passenger Agent Canadian Pacific Station
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St. Louis .Missouri—Geo.  P.  Carbrey,   General Agent  Passenger Dept 412   Locust St.
St. Paul Minnesota—W. H. Lennon, General Agent Passenger Dept. Soo Line. .. .Robert & Fourth Sts.
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