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Pacific coast tours Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1925

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Array II   .
s   :
Canadian Pacific Hotels
Banff Springs Hotel, Banff, Alberta
A magnificent hotel in the heart of Rocky Mountains National Park, backed
by three splendid mountain ranges. Alpine climbing, motoring and drives on
good roads, bathing, hot sulphur springs, golf, tennis, fishing, boating and riding.
Open May 15th to September 30th. European plan. 1)4 miles from station.
Altitude  4,625  feet.
Chateau Lake Louise, Lake Louise, Alberta
A wonderful hotel facing an exquisite Alpine Lake in Rocky Mountains
National Park. Alpine climbing with Swiss guides, pony trips or walks to Lakes
in the Clouds, Saddleback, etc., drives or motoring to Moraine Lake, boating,
fishing. Open June 1st to September 30th. European plan. 3% miles from
station by motor railway.    Altitude 5,670 feet.
Emerald Lake Chalet, near Field, B.C.
A charming Chalet hotel situated at the foot of Mount Burgess, amidst the
picturesque Alpine scenery of the Yoho National Park. Roads and trails to the
Burgess Pass, Yoho Valley, etc. Boating and fishing. Open June 15th to September 15th.    American plan.    Seven miles from station.    Altitude 4,262 feet.
Glacier House, Glacier, B.C.
In the heart of the Selkirks. Splendid Alpine climbing and glacier exploring,
driving, riding and hiking. Open June 15th to September 15th. American plan!
13^ miles from station.    Altitude 4,086 feet.
Hotel Sicamous, Sicamous, B.C.
Junction for the orchard districts of the Okanagan Valley, and stop-over
point for those who wish to see the Thompson and Fraser canyons by daylight.
Lake Shuswap district offers good boating, and excellent trout fishing and hunting in season.    Open all year.    American plan.    At station.    Altitude 1,146 feet.
Hotel Vancouver, Vancouver, B.C.
The largest hotel on the North Pacific Coast, overlooking the Strait of
Georgia, and serving equally the business man and the tourist. Situated in the
heart of the shopping district of Vancouver. Golf, motoring, fishing, hunting,
bathing, steamer excursions. Open all year. European plan. One-half mile
from   station.
Empress Hotel, Victoria, B.C.
A luxurious hotel in this Garden City of the Pacific Coast. An equable
climate has made Victoria a favorite summer and winter resort. Motoring,
yachting, sea and stream fishing, shooting and all-year golf. Open all year,
European plan.    Facing wharf.
Hotel Palliser, Calgary, Alberta
A handsome hotel of metropolitan standard,in this prosperous city of southern
Alberta. Suited equally to the business man and the tourist en route to or from
the Canadian Pacific Rockies. Good golfing and motoring. Open all year.
European plan.    At station.
Royal Alexandra Hotel, Winnipeg, Manitoba
A popular hotel in the largest city of western Canada, appealing to those
who wish to break their transcontinental journey. The centre of Winnipeg's
social life. Good golfing and motoring. Open all year. European plan. At
Place Viger Hotel A charming hotel in Canada's largest city.    Open
Montreal, Quebec all year.
Chateau Frontenac A metropolitan hotel in the most historic city of
Quebec, Quebec North America.    Open all year.
McAdam Hotel A commercial  and  sportsman's hotel.    Open  all
McAdam, N.B. year.
The Algonquin The social  centre  of Canada's most fashionable
St. Andrews, N.B. seashore   summer   resort.    Open   June   27th   to
September 15th.
Moraine Lake, Alta Moraine Lake Camp
_     _ „7.    « "^       Storm Mountain Bungalow Camp
Banff Windermere I    Vermilion River Camp
Automobile Highway   J    Radium Hot Springs Camp
Hector, B.C Wapta Camp
Hector, B.C Lake O'Hara Camp
Field, B.C Yoho Valley Camp
Lake Windermere, B.C Lake Windermere Camp
Penticton, B.C Hotel Incola
Cameron Lake, B.C Cameron Lake Chalet
Strathcona Lodge, B.C Strathcona Lodge
Kenora, Ont DeviVs Gap Camp
Nipigon, Ont Nipigon River Camp
■Sj      French River, Ont French River Camp
Digby, N.S The Pines
Kentville, N.S Cornwallis Inn
. PACIFIC       COAST       TOURS       through       the       CANADIAN      PACIFIC      ROCKIES
The Pacific is the greatest and the last of
oceans—the greatest in size, the last to be discovered. Singularly blessed by Nature with a mild
and beneficent climate, and endowed from Alaska
down to Mexico with a wealth of varied resources
and products, its coast-lands have become the
favorite playground for the people of all North
America. This delightful country beyond the
mountains waits to be visited by you.
And it is beyond the mountains! To reach it,
you must cross the backbone ranges of America.
Not only does the Pacific Coast await youJ therefore, but all the magnificent scenery that is to be
found nowhere else but in the high Rockie^. The
Canadian Pacific Rockies comprise the mo^t wonderful mountain region in the world. Nearly
seven hundred peaks over 6,000 feet in height—
lovely mountain lakes, swift rivers, still primeval
forests, glistening glaciers, extensive national parks,
hundreds of miles of roads and good trails, climbing, fishing, hiking, motoring, and hunting—these
are some of the pleasures to be enjoyed en route to
the ocean.
Through the Rockies
The Canadian Pacific Rockies, which interpose their giant barrier between the prairies and
the Pacific Coast, stretch for nearly six htmdred
miles. They are made up of six principal ranges,
of remarkably different geological age and configuration of outline. Many of the principal mountains seen from the train or at the most popular
mountain centres average a height above the floor
of the valleys at their base of almost a mile.
The Canadian Pacific route through these mighty
mountain ranges is in itself a visualization of human triumph over nature. From Calgary, to
which it has been steadily climbing since it left
Lake Superior, it climbs another three-eighths of a
mile to the Great Divide. Thence, following the
narrow Kicking Horse Pass, it dips down to meet
the majestic Columbia River; then it re-ascends
another quarter of a mile to the summit of the
Selkirk Range before beginning its three-quarter
mile drop to the Pacific. The Spiral Tunnels
through the Kicking Horse Pass, the Connaught
Tunnel through the Selkirks, are engineering feats
of a magnitude matching the obstacles opposed to
the passage of the railway. The trip through the
Thompson and Fraser canyons is of scarcely lesser
interest than the journey through the mountains
A Pleasure To Be Alive
This great mountain region offers a remarkable welcome to those who leave the railway and
tarry for a while. Fishing, hunting, climbing, riding, driving, exploring, Alpine flower gathering,
wonder-phototaking, golfing at Ranff on the most
scenic course in the world—these are some of the
"frill" doings in the Rockies. The biggest and
most solid pleasure is just living—living where the
air has never been contaminated with soot, where
you can go from summer to snow at any time you
want, where you need no alarm clock to get you
up, no cordial to put you to sleep, no dinner bell to
tell you when it's time to eat.
Ranff, with its glorious panorama of Row and
Spray rivers, is the headquarters of Rocky Mountains Park. Lake Louise, an enchanting lake with
a no less enchanting hotel, is the gateway to a
region of magnificent scenery, as Field is that to
winsome Emerald Lake, or Wapta Camp to the
Yoho Valley and Lake O'Hara. Glacier, in the
Selkirks, is the finest mountain-climbing centre of
this continent. Sicamous is a charming half-way
house for those who want to make the whole journey by daylight.
Where To Stay
There are beautiful Canadian Pacific hotels
at Ranff, Lake Louise, Emerald, Lake Glacier and
Sicamous—hotels whose windows open on fairyland, where music or other entertainment helps to
pass the evenings of glorious days. At other points
are bungalow camps to suit less conventional
tastes. These include Moraine Lake Camp, near
Lake Louise; Wapta Camp, Lake O'Hara Camp,
and Yoho Valley Camp, clustering around Hector
and the Yoho Valley; Lake Windermere Camp in
the Columbia Valley; Storm Mountain, Vermilion
River and Sinclair Hot Springs Rungalow Camps
along the Ranff-Windermere motor-road, and several rest-houses.
Page Two 4
Alternative Routes
The Crow's Nest Pass line of the Canadian
Pacific, and its continuation the Kettle Valley line,
is a postscript, crossing the Rockies farther south
than the main line. The visitor who would fully
and faithfully see Canadian Pacific Rocky-land
should go by way of Ranff and Lake Louise and
then dip southward via Golden, to Lake Windermere Camp.
There are another two alternatives. One is to go by the
main line as far as Revelstoke, and thence branch southward through the Arrow Lakes to Nelson and the Kootenays. The other is to go to Sicamous, and southward
through the charming, fertile Okanagan Valley to Penticton.
The southern route via Crow's Nest Pass line ties together
these beautiful lakes of British Columbia, and forms an
alternative through route from the prairies to Vancouver.
The Pacific Coast
\ And finally there is Vancouver—important
port, large commercial centre, and pleasant summer-resort. With its beautiful beaches, its mountain guardians, its perfect motor roads, its primeval forest, and its water sports and excursions, it
is the pivot where the traveller will most willingly
hesitate before he sets out on the trail again.
Swift liners will carry him across the Pacific to
China, Japan or Australia. Across the Straits is
Vancouver Island, with Victoria embowered in
lawns, flowers and bays; at the south end of Puget
Sound, easily reached by steamer or rail, is Seattle.
Reyond that again is rose-garlanded Portland and
California. Or north from Vancouver by Canadian
Pacific steamer is the wonderful trip to Alaska.
Travelling through the Canadian Pacific Rockies during
the summer is particularly delightful, because of the comparatively cool summer temperature in the mountains
north of the international boundary line.
Canada's National Parks
The main line of the Canadian Pacific traverses or adjoins five of the magnificent national
parks of Canada. These are Rocky Mountains
Park, the chief centres of which are Ranff and Lake
Louise—Kootenay Park, extending for five miles
on each side of the Ranff-Windermere automobile
road—Yoho Park, in which is situated the beautiful Yoho Valley—Glacier Park, a remarkably fine
climbing centre—and Mount Revelstoke  Park. Page Three Page Four  Waterton Lakes Park, in southern Alberta, is a
sixth park. These national parks have every kind
of inducement to offer the nature-lover.
Introduction to the Rockies
From the roof garden of the Palliser Hotel
at Calgary one can see the glistening peaks of the
Canadian Pacific Rockies sixty miles away—a
dramatic glimpse of a far-flung line of blue, hung
among the clouds and quivering in the warm summer air, sharp as a knife blade. The train enters
the Rockies by the ancient, glacier-grooved Row
Valley, fringed with dark evergreen trees, first
climbing the foothills and then winding through
narrow passes eroded in the great gray bulk of the
first ranges.
Train Service
Four transcontinental trains a day are
operated through the Canadian Pacific Rockies to
Vancouver in the summer months. The Trans-
Canada Limited is an exclusive all-sleeping-car
train, carrying standard and compartment sleepers,
observation car and dining car.   No excess fare.
The other three trains are the Imperial, from
Montreal, the Vancouver Express, from Toronto,
and the Mountaineer from Chicago, St. Paul and
Minneapolis. The winter service consists of the
Imperial, the Vancouver Express, and a through
connection from Chicago and the Twin Cities with
the Imperial.
Ranff is the capital of Rocky Mountains
Park, which has nearly 700 miles of trail radiating
in all directions. Here the Canadian Pacific Railway has placed the most beautifully situated and
luxuriously comfortable mountain hotel in the
world, overlooking the junction of the Row and
the Spray rivers. Within easy reach are gentle
climbs and gorgeous panoramas, the picturesque
and brilliantly colored terraces of the Hot Springs;
together with stiff and challenging ascents like that
of Mount Edith for the graduated Alpinist, who
very often makes his headquarters with the Alpine
Club of Canada, on the slopes of Sulphur Mountain.
What To Do at Banff
There are numerous interesting spots in the
vicinity, all easily accessible by good carriage
roads and bridle paths. A short distance from
Ranff Springs Hotel are the Row Falls, a cataract
of wonderful beauty; Tunnel Mountain, from
which a splendid view of the valley is obtained,
and the Cave and Rasin, a remarkable formation
from which gush natural sulphur springs. Within
a radius of three miles are the Hoodoos, natural
concrete pillars of various shapes and sizes, Cascade Mountain, Stoney Squaw Mountain, the
beautiful Vermilion Lakes, the Ruffalo Park, Sundance Canyon, a deep and curious cleft in the
mountain, and the Upper Hot Springs, on Sulphur
Motor and Trail Trips
At a distance of eight miles is Lake Minnewanka, a beautiful sheet of water, sixteen miles
long, extremely deep and walled in by tremendous
cliffs, and the home of huge fighting trout. A
wonderful river trip up the Row can be made by
electric launch. There are attractive automobile
trips, as for example to Johnston Canyon, where an
excellent trail leads to a great waterfall, or to Lake
Louise. Good climbing for both amateur and experienced Alpinist can be obtained around Ranff.
For those seeking to get close to the heart of
Nature there are a variety of fine pony trips, such
as to the Spray Lakes or the Kananaskis Lakes, or
to Mount Assiniboine. Indian Day, held usually
in the third week of July, attracts gorgeous cavalcades of Indian braves and squaws from the Stoney
Indian Reserve.
Ruffalo, mountain sheep, mountain goat, and
other animals at Ranff are a never-failing source of
Excellent golf links have been laid out at Ranff
and there are beautiful river trips.
Banff-Windermere Alotor Road
The new Ranff-Windermere automobile highway over the Vermilion Pass has opened up a
magnificent Alpine country, hitherto known only
to the trapper and the hunter, through a hundred
miles of pass and canyon. Threading Kootenay
National Park and reaching at its lower end the
beautiful Windermere Valley, this road is one of
the most spectacular in America. At Storm
Mountain, Vermilion River, Radium Hot Springs,
and Lake Windermere there are rustic bungalow
camps with comfortable accommodation for motor
tourists. Lake Windermere can also be reached by
rail from Golden.
Lake Louise, Pearl of the Rockies
Lake Louise bears the liquid music, the soft
color notes of its name, into the realm of the visible. Rehind its turquoise mirror rise the stark
immensities of Mounts Lefroy and Victoria, the
latter "the big snow mountain above the Lake of
Little Fishes" of which the wandering Stonies used
to tell. Here, on the margin of this most perfect
lake, the Canadian Pacific has placed its Chateau
in one of those wonderful Alpine flower gardens in
which the Rockies abound. A splendid fireproof
building will be opened on June 1st this year to
replace the former central portion of the Chateau.
Yellow poppies, violets and columbines, white
anemones and green orchids make merry with the
red-flowered sheep laurel and the white-tufted
Labrador tea. Re he ever so lazy, the tourist has
something to reward him in this gay garden backed
with the rich-toned lake and the milky green of
the glacier.
What To Do at Lake Louise
From Lake Louise good trails lead to the
principal features of interest in the vicinity. It is
an easy ascent to Mirror Lake and thence to Lake
Agnes, which literally nestle amid the clouds, encircled by majestic peaks. Lake Agnes, the "Goat's
Looking Glass" of Indian tradition, is a wild tarn
shut in by sombre cliffs, eleven hundred feet above
Lake Louise. Here the great white anemone
blooms by the late snowdrift, and there is the
silence of eternity among the high hills. A charming rest-house provides luncheons and teas. The
trail continues to the Rig Reehive, or to the lookout on the Little Reehive, commanding a magnificent panorama of lake, glacier and mountain.  PACIFI
It is a three-mile trip to Saddleback Mountain,
which affords an admirable view of the lovely
Paradise Valley, and has a delightful little rest and
tea house. At a distance of about ten miles is
Moraine Lake, situated at the head of the Valley
of the Ten Peaks and reached either by trail from
Paradise Valley or over a good motor road recently
constructed from Lake Louise. On the shore of
the lake, in the midst of scenes of surpassing
beauty, is Moraine Lake Rungalow Camp. Consolation Lake, about three miles farther by trail,
provides good trout fishing.
The Victoria Glacier, a great palisade of hanging' snow,
Abbott Pass, a deep canyon between Mounts Victoria and
Lefroy, Paradise Valley and the Ptarmigan Lakes are
among the notable spots near Lake Louise well worthy of
a visit. The new Upper Glacier Trail to Victoria Glacier
is of exceptional interest and beauty. An Alpine hut has
been built at Abbott Pass to enable climbers to spend the
night and view the magnificent panorama of Alps at sunrise,
and another at the Plain of the Six Glaciers.
The Great Divide
Six miles west of Lake Louise is the Great Divide, at
once the highest elevation of the Canadian Pacific, the
boundary between Alberta and British Columbia, and the
very backbone of the continent. Marked by a rustiq arch,
a stream of water divides, by one of those freaks by which
Nature diverts herself, into two little brooks that have
vastly different fates. The waters that flow to the east
eventually reach the Atlantic Ocean; the rivulet that runs
west adds its mite to the volume of the Pacific.
Wapta Camp
Wapta Camp, a rustic bungalow camp, has been
located on a picturesque site two miles wejst of
the Great Divide, for the convenience of those
wishing to visit the Yoho Valley and Lake O'Hara.
It has accommodation for fifty people, at moderate
rates. The station for the camp is Hector. A new
rest-house is being established this year in the
Kicking Horse Canyon.
Lake O'Hara Camp
At beautiful Lake O'Hara, to the south, is a
smaller camp, with log cabin bungalows with accommodation for twenty-four people. It is reached
by an excellent trail from Wapta Camp. The
Yoho Valley Rungalow Camp can also be reached
from Wapta, either by pony or automobile.
The Yoho Valley
The beautiful Yoho Valley can be reached
by several routes—either by road from Wapta
Camp, by carriage road from Field (a lovely drive
or ride of eleven miles in each direction), by trail
from Emerald Lake over Yoho Pass, or by trail
from Field over Rurgess Pass.
Takakkaw Falls are formed by a single thread of water
dropping 1,200 feet into a still and mighty-treed valley.
Opposite the falls Yoho Valley Camp, with accommodation
for thirty-six people, provides a convenient centre for excursions either to the upper valley or to Emerald Lake. For
those who make the journey over the Yoho Pass, a rest-
house where luncheon is served is provided at Summit
The Upper Yoho Valley can be visited by a trail which
continues past Laughing Falls and the great Wapta Glacier,
to the curious Twin Falls, whose divided waters unite in
one stream before reaching the depths below. A rest-house
has been built at Twin Falls.
Emerald Lake
Emerald Lake, as green as its name, is a
seven-mile carriage drive from Field, at the end of
which accommodation may be obtained at the
cosy Emerald Lake Chalet, which, with its club
house and one and two-room bungalow chalets,
now has accommodation for sixty people. An
attractive two-day riding trip can be made from
Emerald Lake Chalet, spending a night at Yoho
Valley Rungalow Camp, and continuing next day
up the Kicking Horse Pass to Wapta Rungalow
Other pleasant excursions may be made to points
of interest within a short distance of Field, such
as the Fossil Reds, Natural Rridge, and the Ottertail road.
Windermere Valley
At Golden one reaches the Columbia River,
which here flows north until it turns at the Rig
Rend for its southward flow to the Pacific Ocean.
Golden is the junction for a new branch fine of the
Canadian Pacific Railway, which runs between the
Rockies and the Selkirk Mountains and passes
through highly picturesque scenery past Lake Windermere to the Crow's Nest line of the Canadian
Pacific Railway. The creeks which open up the
great Selkirk Range to the south of this valley
Page Eight
provide access to some of the most spectacular
Alpine scenery in North America, while the hunting and fishing in season are also good.
At Lake Windermere, south of Golden, a bungalow
summer camp is situated on the shores of one of the
loveliest warm-water lakes in British Columbia, with every
facility for bathing, boating, riding and motoring in a
country of exceptional beauty. Lake Windermere can be
reached also from Banff or Lake Louise, by the new
motor road.
Glacier—A Climbing Centre
Near the summit of Selkirk Range lies Glacier, in the midst of a region of mighty peaks and
glaciers. Here, in Glacier National Park, a magnificent mountain area of austerity and high isolation, the Canadian Pacific has another mountain
hotel, the ever popular Glacier House. Seemingly
only a few hundred feet away from the hotel, but
in reality more than two miles, the massive ice
piles of the great Illecillewaet Glacier heap up.
To its left towers the monolith of Mount Sir
Donald to a height of a mile and a quarter above
the railway. Glacier is one of the favorite climbing centres of the Canadian Pacific Rockies, and
the wide sweep of peaks, glaciers and snowfields
that the eye comprehends from the hotel is of
extraordinary majesty.
For the convenience of climbers, two Alpine huts have
been established at the favorite climbing points — Hermit
Hut, at the foot of Grizzly Mountain, and Glacier Circle
What To Do at Glacier
Leading from the hotel a good trail follows
the turbulent course of the Illecillewaet River to
the Illecillewaet Glacier: other trails branch off in
all directions, inviting and leading the mountain
climber, explorer and lover of Nature to scenes of
marvellous grandeur and enchanting beauty. Glacier Crest, Lake Marion and Observation Point
are among the shorter and easier ascents. Mount
Abbott is a day's climb but not a difficult one.
From its summit an exceptionally fine view is
obtained of the Asulkan Valley. Easy trails also
lead up to the summits of Eagle Peak and Mount
Avalanche. The ascent of Mount Sir Donald is
more difficult, but with the assistance of experienced guides may readily be accomplished.   An Page Nine I-   ' '"'P?^
excellent trail leads to the Asulkan Glacier, through
scenes of Alpine splendor.
One of the very finest trips from Glacier is to the Nakimu
Caves, distant about six miles from the hotel. The route is
around the base of Mount Cheops, and up Cougar Creek;
part of the journey is made by horse tally-ho, the rest by
walking or pony. These curious and remarkable caverns,
said to be larger than the Mammoth caves of Kentucky,
have been formed partly by the action of water for ages
upon the solid rock, partly by seismic disturbances, and
constitute a series of chambers with large entrances,
polished rock ceilings, and walls which sparkle with quartz
crystals and reflect myriads of miniature lights. A rest-house
has now been established near the entrance to the caves,
where meals and limited overnight accommodation can be
obtained. From Nakimu the trail can be continued by
pony over the Baloo Pass to Bear Creek and Rogers Pass,
and by a different route back to the hotel.
Mount Revelstoke
Just before reaching Glacier Station the train
enters the double-track Connaught Tunnel, the
longest tunnel in North America, which pierces
its way through Mount Macdonald. From portal
to portal this tunnel measures five miles, but so
straight is the line that the exits are never out of
From Glacier, the route descending the western
slope of the Selkirks follows the valley of the Illecillewaet near Albert Canyon, a marvellous gorge
of great depth and startling fascination. Revelstoke is an important centre, from which there
is rail and steamship communication with the rich
Kootenay and Roundary districts to the south. A
motor road has been constructed almost to the top
of Mount Revelstoke, which has now been converted into a national park.
At Sicamous an excellent hotel is operated by
the Canadian Pacific, and is especially convenient
either for those who wish to stop off somewhere
and make the all-daylight trip through the Canadian Pacific Rockies, or for those who are visiting the fertile fruit-growing Okanagan Valley, for
which this is the junction.
The Canyons
Kamloops, the junction of the North and South
Thompson rivers, is the beginning of the magnifi-
Page Ten excellent trail leads to the Asulkan Glacier, through
scenes of Alpine splendor.
One of the very finest trips from Glacier is to the Nakimu
Caves, distant about six miles from the hotel. The route is
around the base of Mount Cheops, and up Cougar Creek;
part of the journey is made by horse tally-ho, the rest by
walking or pony. These curious and remarkable caverns,
said to be larger than the Mammoth caves of Kentucky,
have been formed partly by the action of water for ages
upon the solid rock, partly by seismic disturbances, and
constitute a series of chambers with large entrances,
polished rock ceilings, and walls which sparkle with quartz
crystals and reflect myriads of miniature lights. A rest-house
has now been established near the entrance to the caves,
where meals and limited overnight accommodation can be
obtained. From Nakimu the trail can be continued by
pony over the Baloo Pass to Bear Creek and Rogers Pass,
and by a different route back to the hotel.
Mount Revelstoke
Just before reaching Glacier Station the train
enters the double-track Connaught Tunnel, the
longest tunnel in North America, which pierces
its way through Mount Macdonald. From portal
to portal this tunnel measures five miles, but so
straight is the line that the exits are never out of
From Glacier, the route descending the western
slope of the Selkirks follows the valley of the Illecillewaet near Albert Canyon, a marvellous gorge
of great depth and startling fascination. Revelstoke is an important centre, from which there
is rail and steamship communication with the rich
Kootenay and Roundary districts to the south. A
motor road has been constructed almost to the top
of Mount Revelstoke, which has now been converted into a national park.
At Sicamous an excellent hotel is operated by
the Canadian Pacific, and is especially convenient
either for those who wish to stop off somewhere
and make the all-daylight trip through the Canadian Pacific Rockies, or for those who are visiting the fertile fruit-growing Okanagan Valley, for
which this is the junction.
The Canyons
Kamloops, the junction of the North and South
Thompson rivers, is the beginning of the magnifi
cent canyon country through which we shall travel
virtually all the way to Vancouver. The canyons
are second only to the Rockies in spectacular
scenery, and the traveller is well repaid if he will
stay overnight at Sicamous so that he can travel
them in daylight. The mountains draw together
as the train winds along ledges cut on their face;
tunnels penetrate the headlands and lofty bridges
span the ravines.
At Lytton the canyon widens to admit the Fraser, the
largest river of British Columbia, which comes down from
the north between two great lines of mountain peaks, and
whose turbid flood soon absorbs the bright green waters
of the Thompson. The scenery grows wilder than ever.
The great river is forced between vertical walls of black
rock, where, repeatedly thrown back upon itself by opposing cliffs, it madly foams and roars. Ten miles below
North Bend is the famous "Hell's Gate," where two jutting
promontories suddenly compress the river and force it to
escape in a roaring cataract through a bottle-necked outlet.
The railway follows the canyon at often a considerable
height above the river bank: the track, hewn from solid
rock, not only crosses from side to side in the canyon, but
also tunnels through great rock spans. Presently the
canyon widens out, and we reach a meadow-like country
through which we roll to Vancouver.
Alternative Route via the Kootenays
Diverging from the main line of the Canadian Pacific
at Medicine Hat, an attractive alternative route, between
Medicine Hat and Revelstoke, is offered via the Crow's Nest
Pass Route, affording a most delightful steamer trip on the
Kootenay Lake from Kootenay Landing to Nelson, continuing by rail to Robson West, from which point another
steamer trip may be enjoyed through the beautiful Arrow
Lakes to Arrowhead, joining the main line at Revelstoke
for the rest of the trip to Vancouver.
A new route passing through scenery of exceptional
beauty takes the traveller from Nelson, via Grand Forks
and Penticton and the orchard districts of the Okanagan
Valley, over the Kettle Valley Railway, rejoining the main
line at Hope. Grand Forks is the gateway to the Boundary
mining district, and the centre of a fertile apple country.
The Coquihalla River from Summit to Hope provides
wonderful fishing.
Refore reaching Kootenay Lake, an alternative can be followed by taking a branch line to
Kingsgate, whence the Spokane International
Railroad can be traversed into Spokane. Through
cars are run to Spokane.
Spokane, capital of "the Inland Empire," is an important financial and commercial city, with huge smelters,
Royal Canadian Air Force
Official Photographs
Page Ten
Page Eleven I Page Thirteen OUR
mines, waterfalls, power plants, and an exceedingly prosperous agricultural territory within its sphere.    From it
also can be easily reached some very delightful scenery.
From Spokane connections can be made in all directions.
The terminal of the Canadian Pacific's transcontinental rail lines and its trans-Pacific steamship routes, Vancouver is the largest commercial
centre in Rritish Columbia, and has an excellent
harbor nearly landlocked and fully sheltered. It
faces a beautiful range of mountains. Two peaks,
silhouetted against the sky, remarkably resembling two couchant lions, are visible from almost
any point in the city or on the harbor, which has
appropriately been termed "The Lion's Gate."
In and around Vancouver are immense lumber
and shingle mills. Mining, lumbering, farming,
shipping and shipbuilding form the bulwark of
the city's phenomenal growth and prosperity.
A Summer City
All kinds of water sports are possible at
Vancouver, and are encouraged by a mild climate
and extensive bodies of water. There are many
bathing beaches, parks, boulevards, automobile
roads and paved streets. Stanley Park is practically a primeval forest situated within the city
The Hotel Vancouver, operated by the Canadian
Pacific, is the finest hotel on the North Pacific
Coast, very conveniently located, and has a high
reputation for the excellence of its service. Wonderful views can be had from the roof of this
great hotel. Vancouver has five admirable golf
courses which are open to visitors.
It is only a short run by Canadian Pacific Railway
steamer to Nanaimo, where the Esquimalt & Nanaimo
Railway connects with the beauty spots of Vancouver
To Asia
From Vancouver Canadian Pacific Empress
steamships cross the Pacific to Japan, China and
the Philippines. The two new vessels, "Empress
of Canada" and "Empress of Australia," are the
largest, newest, finest and fastest steamships on
the Pacific Ocean.    The Canadian-Australasian
through       the
line runs regularly from Vancouver to Honolulu,
Suva (Fiji), New Zealand and Australia.
Charmingly situated on Vancouver Island,
overlooking the straits of Juan de Fuca, Victoria
drinks in the sunshine and smiles at the traveller.
It is distinctly a home city, with fine roads and
beautiful gardens, although its enterprising business district, composed of imposing stores and
tall office buildings, speaks of a rich commerce
drawn from a territory full of forest, mineral and
agricultural resources. Victoria's beauty lies in
her residential districts, her boulevards, her parks
and her public buildings. The Parliament Ruild-
ings of Rritish Columbia rank among the handsomest in America.
The Empress Hotel, another of the chain of
Canadian Pacific institutions, gives the guest
attention and service equalled only by the best
in the land. It overlooks the inner harbor and is
within a stone's throw of the Parliament Ruildings.
Golf facilities on five fine courses can be arranged
for visitors to the hotel.
Adjoining the Empress Hotel a new amusement casino,
known as the Crystal Gardens, will be in operation this
summer. It will contain one of the world's largest glass-
enclosed salt water swimming pools, conservatories, a large
pavilion for dancing, and facilities for other indoor amusements.
Vancouver Island
From Victoria delightful excursions may be
made into the interior of Vancouver Island, either
by automobile or by the Esquimalt & Nanaimo
Railway. The Malahat Drive is a luxuriously
smooth and picturesque motor road. Excellent
hotels are to be found at Shawnigan Lake and
Qualicum Reach and a delightful little chalet inn
at Cameron Lake. Mount Arrowsmith proves
one of the best climbs and Qualicum Reach has a
good sporting golf course.
There is no better fishing on the Pacific Coast than that
which one finds on the Campbell River, reached by motor
from Courtenay, the northern terminus of the Esquimalt
& Nanaimo Railway. The immense Douglas fir forests on
this beautiful island and the balmy climate make it wonderfully attractive to the tourist.
Page Fourteen
To Alaska
From Vancouver the palatial yacht-like
"Princess" steamers of the Canadian Pacific will
carry the traveller to Alaska. This exceedingly
popular side-trip can be made in nine days,
although any one with more time to spare will be
well repaid if he spends longer than this, and
penetrates farther into the wonderful "Land of
the Midnight Sun."
The trip is a thousand-mile one through the
famous "Inside Passage," winding between the
long fringe of islands and the mainland as through
a fairyland. It introduces one to magnificent
scenery of a character unknown elsewhere in North
America—long fiord-like channels, looming glacier-
clad mountains that dip deeply into them, gaily
painted totem poles, Indians, gold mines, and
always the purple glories of the Alaska sunset.
Running out from Vancouver, the first stop is Alert
Bay, a little fishing town with some deeply picturesque
totem poles. The next day Prince Rupert is reached, and
a few hours later Ketchikan, the first Alaskan port and a
very flourishing community. Then comes Wrangell, and
beyond the Taku Glacier—a famous glacier that extends
back over ninety miles. Then, turning up the Gastineau
Channel, the ship reaches Juneau, capital of Alaska.
And then, eight hours north, up the beautiful Lynn
Canal, is our terminus, Skagway—Skagway the celebrated
camp of the Klondyke rush of '98, then the wildest and
wickedest town in the world, but now a model of propriety. In summer it is a riot of color with its gay gardens.
It, too, has good hotels, and there are plenty of diversions
to occupy the thirty-six hour lay-over of the steamer—
such as the excursion to West Taku Arm.
The Yukon
Those who wish to go farther can travel by rail from
Skagway—the White Pass & Yukon Route, which takes
one almost literally over the roof of the world. It is a run
of about eight hours by this line over the steep White Pass
to Whitehorse, in the Yukon Territory, passing en route
the beautiful Lake Bennett. From Whitehorse, a little
frontier town on a tributary of the mighty Yukon River,
the same company's steamer can be taken still farther
north to Dawson, centre of the Klondyke gold mining
region. This is a trip occupying, from Whitehorse and back,
about seven days.
A shorter side-trip, which can be taken independently
or in combination with the Whitehorse trip, is to Lake
Atlin. Taking the W. P. & Y. train, a change is made at
Carcross to a steamer which carries one eastward to this
lovely lake, which in magnificence of scenery vies with  through
any in the world. At the village of Atlin, the railway has
established a commodious and comfortable tourist hotel,
which every summer houses an increasing number of visitors.
The Triangle Route
From Vancouver Canadian Pacific "Princess" Steamers provide a service on Puget Sound,
with a morning service to Victoria and Seattle
and separate night services to each of those cities.
The "Princess" steamers are the fastest and best
equipped in the Pacific coastwise trade; two
magnificent new vessels, the "Princess Kathleen"
and the "Princess Marguerite," are being added
to the service this summer.
This short but highly interesting "Triangle" trip should
not be omitted from the itinerary. If requested when
purchasing, it will be added in through tickets without
additional charge.   (See Route No. 1 on map.)
Automobile Ferry
Between Rellingham, Wash., and Sidney,
Vancouver Island (about twenty miles from Victoria by paved road), an automobile ferry is maintained during the summer months by the Canadian
Pacific "Motor Princess." This fine vessel has
accommodation for a large number of cars, and
for passengers, with dining room, observation
room and dance floor.
Rail Route to Seattle
At Vancouver, R. C, the Canadian Pacific
Railway connects with the Great Northern Railway  for  Rellingham,   Rurlington,   Everett  and
This is an alternative route to Seattle and points south,
but tickets reading by rail will not be good via steamship,
or vice versa, between Vancouver and Seattle. (Route
No. 2, all rail.)
Splendidly located on Puget Sound, mountain-girt and fringed with lakes, Seattle is the
largest city in the State of Washington, and one
of the most important on the Pacific Coast. It
is a beautiful and progressive community situated
on the slopes of the hills that front the Sound,
and has a fine harbor accessible to the largest
vessels afloat.
Lake Washington, a body of fresh water about twenty
miles long and three miles wide, bounds the city on the
east, and is now connected with the Sound by the Lake
Washington Canal, a very notable feat of engineering with
a great and important bearing upon Seattle's future. The
down-town business section of Seattle has many large
buildings, including one of forty-two stories—the highest
in America outside of New York.
Seattle has a very pleasant residential section, especially
in the vicinity of the University of Washington, and many
beautiful parks, beaches and summer resorts. A large
number of enjoyable trips can be made from Seattle by
train, steamer and motor, such as to Bellingham, Everett,
Tacoma and Mount Ra:'nier. Hundreds of miles of good
roads radiate from the city.
Tacoma, the southernmost of the quartette of
North Pacific cities that cluster along the Gulf
of Georgia and Puget Sound, stands on a bluff at
the head of deep water navigation on the Sound.
It is the gateway to Rainier National Park, and
is connected with Seattle by excellent motor roads,
as well as by train.
It is known as the "Lumber Capital" of America on
account of the quantity of lumber manufactured and
shipped from here. Vast furniture factories make it the
Grand Rapids of the West.
Rainier National Park
Rainier National Park is easily accessible
from either Seattle or Tacoma. For the hiker,
there is the enjoyment of attempting the ascent
to Columbia Crest, the summit, or in climbing
the other peaks in the park that require less preliminary training and can be made without guides.
The tourist can also view the wonderful scenery
of the park from the saddle, as one of the most
interesting trips is a three and one-half-hour horseback jaunt along Skyline Trail.
But it is not necessary even to hike or ride to feast on
the beauty of Mount Rainier, as the vacationist can view
the majestic scenery from the veranda of Paradise Inn,
located in beautiful Paradise Valley. One can have luncheon at sea level at Seattle or Tacoma, and after a delightful
automobile ride dine at the inn.
The Wonderland Trail, 145 miles long, encircles the
mountain. In the twelve-day trip the traveller meets
with endlessly changing panoramas of mountain and glacier, canyon and forest, lakes and rivers and wild flowers.
Mount Rainier is 14,408 feet high.
Page Sixteen
Portland, Oregon, famous for its Annual
Rose Festival held in June, is so located as to
permit trips of widely diverse nature. The steamer
trip up the Columbia River into the Cascade
Mountains is one of the most interesting. The
Columbia Highway is a magnificent motor road
leading along the bluffs overlooking the Columbia.
One can go down the river to Astoria and along
the ocean shore to Seaside, or up the river to
Hood River and The Dalles. Turning south from
The Dalles one can follow the California Highway
to Crater Lake and Klamath Falls.
The accent of Mount Hood (11,225 feet) requires only
three or four days from Portland for the entire trip.
Mount Adams (12,307 feet) can be visited from Trout
Lake village, three hours by automobile from White Salmon, which is across the river from Hood River.
To California
Passengers en route to California have the choice of
either an overland trip or a sea voyage from North Pacific
Coast points. From Portland to San Francisco the picturesque Shasta Route of the Southern Pacific or the Pacific
Steamship Company may be used. From Victoria or Seattle steamers of the Pacific Steamship Company maintain a
regular service to San Francisco and Wilmington (port
for Los Angeles).
San Francisco
San Francisco, a port of all flags on an ocean
of world commerce, is one of the most distinctive
cities on the American continent.
Possessing one of the largest landlocked harbors
in the world, with an area of 450 square miles,
San Francisco has an imperial position which is
emphasized by the blithe architecture of the
buildings topping her bold hills.
The city itself stands upon the promontory of
the northern part of San Francisco peninsula,
with an outlook in every direction. To the east
are the bay, hills and populous cities of Alameda
County. To the north are the Golden Gate, the
Marin County hills and majestic Tamalpais, mountain of the sea. To the west are the expanses of
the Pacific, and to the south San Francisco Ray
again, extending into the orchard-filled valley of
Santa Clara.    San Francisco Ray rivals that of Page Seventeen PACIFIC      COAST      TOURS      through      the      CANADIAN      PACIFIC      ROCKIES
Naples, and the Golden Gate leading into it was
so named from its resemblance to Constantinople's
Golden Horn.
Parks, elaborate and well designed, are thronged with
people. The largest, Golden Gate Park, containing 1,013
acres, is an area of loveliness. The cafes, of which there
are hundreds, are famed for their good fellowship and their
good cooking.
In the immediate vicinity of San Francisco are enough
short pleasure trips to keep a tourist delighted and busy
for months. There are Mount Tamalpais, the Muir Woods,
the trip down the ocean shore, Mount Hamilton Observatory, the University of California with its famous Greek
Theatre, Lake Merritt, and the city of Oakland, with the
trolley rides in its vicinity. There are Stanford University,
San Jose and the Santa Clara Valley fruit section, the old
Mission San Juan Bautista with its relics; Monterey, Del
Monte, Pacific Grove, Carmel Bay, Carmel Mission, Moss
Beach, Pebble Beach, Santa Cruz and the Redwood Big
Tree Grove; day excursions to Mare Island Navy Yard
and Napa Valley, the Petrified Forest, Mount Lassen
Volcano and many more. The whole bay region is a recreation ground for those that love the out-of-doors.
Lake Tahoe and the Yosemite
San Francisco, the ultimate objective point of most of
those who visit Northern and Central California, is a
convenient centre for many tours radiating through the
state. The Yosemite National Park and the Sierra Nevada,
for instance, can be reached by rail to Truckee and Lake
Tahoe, and then by automobile via Carson Valley, Mono
Lake and Lee Vining Canyon, over the spectacular Tioga
Pass nearly 10,000 feet above the level of the sea, or by
Merced and El Portal. Lake Tahoe (6,225 feet above the
sea), encircled by snow-capped peaks, deep blue and emerald green waters framed with lordly pines, is one of the
most beautiful spots in a state famed for its beauty. A
steamer makes a daily seventy-two-mile circuit of its shores
during the summer season.
The descent into the Yosemite Valley from the rugged
heights of the Tioga Pass gives one the thrill of a lifetime.
Yosemite Lodge and Camp Curry provide delightful bungalow camp accommodations for the many thousands who
come by rail or automobile to see the marvels of El Capitan,
Yosemite Falls, the Half Dome, Glacier Point, Nevada
Falls, the Grand Canyon of the Tuolumne, and the Mariposa Big Tree Grove. An admirable automobile service is
provided by the Yosemite Transportation System.
Santa Barbara
Santa Rarbara, between San Francisco and
Los Angeles, famous for its Mission, its hotels,
its mountain background, its palm trees, and its
outlook on the Pacific, has a peculiar fascination
for the visitor from the East.
Bathing and fishing are here the accessories to perfect
outdoor happiness. "A half-opened lotus flower," this city
has been called, "whose fragrance calls its devotees from
around the world."
Los Angeles
Los Angeles gladdens the eye with its forty
public parks, containing 4,740 acres of lawns,
flowers, hills, trees and lakes. The architecture is
varied, and suggests the different parts of the
world from which its residents have come. Famous
for its beautiful homes, lovely gardens and fine
hotels, Los Angeles is one of the most attractive
cities in the United States.
The moving picture colonies at Hollywood have
brought particular fame to this part of California,
but Los Angeles is more than a movie city. It
is rapidly becoming one of the great industrial
centres of the United States.
San Diego
San Diego, the southernmost city on the
Pacific Coast, was the birthplace of California.
Here the Franciscan Father, Junipero Serra, in
1769, founded the first of the California missions—
the Mission San Diego de Alcala. The old Mission,
the ancient palms, the Franciscans' irrigation dam,
Presidio Hill, and such romantic reminders as
Ramona's marriage place—are some of its historic
Balboa Park, 1,400 acres in extent, in the centre of the
city, was the site of the Panama-California Exposition in
1915-1916. Fifteen of the most beautiful buildings of the
exposition have been permanently restored, and around
them centres the cultural, recreational and social life of
the community.
San Diego has many fine business streets, shops and
residences, and its healthful and equable climate makes
it delightful at all seasons. There are a score or more
first-class hotels. Across the bay, connected by ferry with
San Diego, is one of California's most favored all-year
pleasure places, Coronado Beach. Nearby are polo fields,
golf links, and tennis courts. There is a deep-sea and surf
fishing, yachting, and motor-boating, and the bather may
choose between the surf or a warm salt water plunge.
Mountain Temperatures
Is the temperature in the Canadian Pacific Rockies
pleasant in summer?   That question is answered by the
Page Eighteen
following statistics, covering a period of ten years, of
maximum and minimum temperatures at Canadian Pacific
Rocky Mountain hotels.
Banff Springs Hotel.
Chateau Lake Louise
Emerald Lake Chalet
Glacier House	
Max. Min
68 40
59 39
65 46a
68 39
Max. Min
73 43
64 43
69 50
72 44
Max. Min
71 42
65 43
69 48
74 44
Max. Min.
62     37
56 37
54x 38x
61x 39x
a 7 days only,   x 15 days only.
Mountain Altitudes
The Canadian Pacific Rockies comprise some of Nature's
most gigantic works. In many mountainous regions the
chief peaks spring from such high plateaus that, although
they are actually a very considerable height above sea
level, their height is not very impressive to the traveller.
That this is not so in the Canadian Pacific Rockies is
evident from the following tables, which show the altitudes of the principal mountains seen by the traveller
from the train or at the most popular mountain resorts—
altitudes not only in relation to sea level, but also to the
valleys at their base.
Approaching Banff
Mt. Grotto	
Three Sisters	
Around Banff
Mt. Rundle	
Sulphur Mountain..
Mt. Bourgeau	
Mt. Edith	
Vermilion Mountain
Cascade Mountain..
Banff to Lake Louise
Sawback Range....
Pilot Mountain....
Copper Mountain. .
Castle Mountain...
Mt. Ball	
Around Lake Louise
Mt. Fairview	
Mt. Aberdeen	
Mt. Lefroy	
Mt. Victoria	
Mt. Whyte	
Mt. Hector	
Near O'Hara Lake
Mt. Huber	
Mt, Biddle	
Mt. Hungabee.....
Near Moraine Lake
Mt. Temple	
Mt. Deltaform (highest of the "Ten
Near Field
Mt.    Stephen	
Cathedral Mountain
Mt. Dennis	
Near Emerald Lake
Mt. Field	
Mt. Burgess	
Mt. Wapta	
Mt. Carnavon	
Mt. Emerald	
Mt, Niles	
Mt. Daly	
Near Glacier
Mt. Macdonald....
Mt. Avalanche	
Mt. Sir Donald....
Mt. Abbott	
Uto Peak	
Ross Peak	
Hermit Mountain. .
Mt. Rogers	
Mt. Cheops	
Mt. Tupper	
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