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Great Lakes Steamship Service Canadian Pacific Railway Company. Great Lake Steamship Service 1925

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Array /?%$
GREAT
LAKES
STEAMSHIP
CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY
w BUNGALOW CAMPS
WHERE YOU WILL MEET OUTDOORS ONTARIO
Each of these Camps consist of a central clubhouse for dining and
recreational purposes, around which are grouped the sleeping bungalows, some containing single rooms with two beds and others two rooms
each with two beds. The Camps are open from July 1st to September
15th.    Rates $5.00 per day, or $30.00 per week American plan.
French River Camp
The centre for wonderful fishing for bass, pickerel, muskies
and other game fish, and for long canoe trips through a maze
of waterways. On the Canadian Pacific, 215 miles north of
Toronto, 45 miles south of Sudbury. Accommodation for 56
guests. Outlying Fishing Camps at Crooked Lake and Pine
Rapids, each have overnight Accommodation for 9 guests.
Postal address (when Camp is open) Asinka, Ont. Station and
telegraph address, French River.
Nipigon River Camp
Near the mouth of the far-famed Nipigon River, the home of
the largest red-speckled trout in the world. On the Canadian
Pacific, 923 miles west of Montreal, 743 miles north-west of
Toronto, 489 miles east of Winnipeg. Accommodation for
50 guests.
Postal and telegraph address (while Camp is open) Nigipon River
Camp, Nipigon, Ont. Special flag station (for certain trains) near
Camp; for other trains, Nipigon.
Devil's Gap Camp, Kenora
Situated in the most charming part of the Lake of the Woods,
affording fine fishing for bass, musky, lake trout and pike.
On the Canadian Pacific, 1,106 miles north-west of Toronto,
1,286 miles west of Montreal, 126 miles east of Winnipeg.
Accommodation for 68 guests.
Postal and telegraph address (when Camp is open) Devil's Gap Camp,
Kenora, Ont.    Station, Kenora.
CANADIAN PACIFIC HOTELS
IN THE ROCKIES
Banff Springs Hotel, A magnificent hotelin the heart of the Rocky Mountains National
Banff, Alberta Park.   Open May 15th to September 30th.
Chateau Lake Louise, A wonderful hotel facing an exquisite Alpine Lake in Rocky Mountains
Lake Louise, Alberta National Park.    Open June 1st to September 30th.
Emerald Lake Chalet, A charming Chalet hotel situated amidst the picturesque Alpine
near Field, B C. scenery of the Yoho National Park.    Open June 15th to September
15th.
Glacier House, In the heart of the Selkirks.    Splendid Alpine climbing and glacier
Glacier, B.C. exploring.    Open June 15th to September 15th.
Hotel Sicamous, Junction for the orchard districts of the Okanagan Valley.    Open all
Sicamous, B.C. year.
ON THE PACIFIC COAST
Hotel Vancouver, The largest hotel on the North Pacific Coast, serving equally the
Vancouver, B.C. business man and the tourist.    Open all year.
Empress Hotel, A luxurious hotel in this Garden City of the Pacific Coast.    Open all
Victoria, B.C. year.
THE PRAIRIES
Hotel Palliser, A handsome hotel of metropolitan standard, in this prosperous city ot
Calgary, Alberta Southern Alberta.    Open all year.
Royal Alexandra Hotel, A popular hotel in the largest city of Western Canada, and the centre
Winnipeg, Manitoba of Winnipeg's social life.    Open all year.
EASTERN CANADA
Place Viger Hotel, A charming hotel in Canada's largest city.    Open all year.
Montreal, Quebec
Chateau Frontenac, A metropolitan hotel in the most historic city of North America.
Quebec, Quebec Open all year.
McAdam Hotel, A commercial and sportsman's hotel.    Open all year.
McAdam, N.B.
The Algonquin, The social centre of Canada's most fashionable seashore summer
St. Andrews, N.B. resort.    Open June 27th to September 15th.
OTHER   HOTELS  AND  BUNGALOW  CAMPS  REACHED  BY
CANADIAN PACIFIC
Moraine Lake, Alta Moraine Lake Camp
„    «.«t-   j a   ..       u-i   f Storm Mountain Bungalow Camp
Banff-Windermere Automobile I Vermilion River Qamp
Highway [Radium Hot Springs Camp
Hector, B.C -. Wapta Camp
Hector, B.C Lake O'Hara Camp
Field, B.C Yoho Valley Camp
Lake Windermere, B.C Lake Windermere Camp
Penticton, B.C  Hotel Incola
Cameron Lake, B.C Cameron Lake Chalet
Strathcona Lodge, B.C  . .Strathcona Lodge
Digby, N.S   The Pines
Kentville, N.S Cornwallis Inn
Great Lakes
Service
^tbs*^'      :©P
Two days at sea in the heart of a continent, on board a comfortable, beautiful steamship, and with all the
surroundings and pleasures of an ocean voyage—this is the wonderful trip you can take^this summer across
the Great Lakes, by Canadian Pacific. It is a health-giving trip, within the reach of allfacross Lake Huron
and Lake Superior to Port Arthur and Fort William. Perhaps you want the outing for its own sake only,
and will return again from the Twin Cities. Or perhaps you are going west, far beyond the head of the lakes^
and want variety in your route; this way, therefore, you can preface your land journey by two days on water.
This Great Lakes' voyage is one of the most delightful that could be imagined. The scenery is magnificent,
the voyage interesting, and the steamships themselves of Canadian Pacific standard—which means the best,
for the Canadian Pacific is the largest travel system in the world, and operates ocean and lake steamships as
well as twenty thousand miles of railways. There are three sailings a week in summer, two from Port McNicoll
and one from Owen Sound—the same, too, in the eastbound direction from Port Arthur and Fort William,
The time occupied in the journey is a little less than two days.
Port McNicoll
Leaving Toronto by Canadian Pacific Railway, a few
hours' run by a comfortable special train brings you to Port
McNicoll, on the shores of Georgian Bay. Port McNicoll is
situated within a few miles of the spot where Champlain and
the Jesuits made their ill-fated treaty with the Hurons
against the Iroquois three hundred years ago—and within the
last few years has developed from a forest clearing to a smart
little town with enormous grain elevators that help to dis-
PRINTED IN Canada,  1925
tribute Western Canadian wheat on its journey to Europe.
Here a rapid transfer is made to the ship. In a few minutes
the shore line slips away, and you are gliding through the
blue transparent waters into the land of the setting sun.
Behind, somewhere within that vanishing blue which is
disappearing so quickly as the sky dips to meet the water's
edge, are the heat, the dust, the smoke, the cares, and the
worries of life. Here on this pulsating deck, with only the
wheeling gulls between you and the deepening skies, with the
(Page One) stout ship plunging through the clear, cool waters of the lake,
deep blue except for the filigree of foam and the glistening
wake behind—here you find yourself transported into a new
world.
A New, Clean World
This world is clean and fresh, with breadth and length
and height to it; you can fling your arms wide open and drink
in deep breaths of pure sweet air. In a moment your body
has responded to the sympathy of nature, and your heart,
for once at least, knows the keen joy of life.
Through the evening you can sit on deck, and watch this
new-found world pass by in panorama. Here go large
islands with a house or two upon them, their white paint
glistening in the sun. They may be either the dwellings of j
some humble fisher folk or the summer homes of millionaires.
At the open door of one such house stands a woman; she
waves to you, and you wave back to her. Children rush
down the banks and shout their greetings. You feel like
shouting in return.    The spell of the Lakes is upon you.
Long into the night you can sit there. This is the north-
land, and if you want to read you can do so late. But slowly
and silently the shadows fall, softening the contours of the
islands until they stand out dusky silhouettes against the
sky. The sun, flaunting his colors in the western sky, has in
a last glorious burst of splendour sunk into the quiet lap of
the great inland sea. One by one the stars come out; then
the «moon rises over the forest-covered islands, and paves
across the waters a path of silver. There is scarcely a
sound—only the low murmur of companions, the tap of a
heel upon the deck and the muffled friendly throb of the engines which drive you forward into the west.
Now and then the silence may be riven sharply by the
weird wail of a loon, or perhaps by the mournful howl of a
wolf. If you are lucky in your sailing date, you may see
flash suddenly into the sky the Northern Lights—great
bands that wheel and wave far up into the heavens, bursting
as they pass each other into broad ribbons of color. But
you will have to be lucky to see these. The Northern Lights
come without warning, and just as mysteriously vanish.
The Romance of the Past
The boat glides onward past tiny islands, with here and
there a tent nestling in the shade of a leafy tree close to the
water's edge. In front of it is a camp fire, with the fragrant
smoke curling lazily upwards; a canoe is drawn part way up I
upon the shallow beach. You have but to close your eyes,
and you are with Radisson, Marquette, Etienne Brule,
Father Horgues, Hennepin, Mackenzie, Henry and all that
gallant company who travelled the Great Lakes into the
heart of America two or three hundred years ago. Their
trail is yours, as the leagues of northern land and water come
to you in the tangy breeze; for every island, harbor and
lake speaks of a history transfigured with adventure and
romance. The route you are travelling is the great storied
highway of the continent; the Great Lakes route is the route I
of Empire.
Everybody Friends Here
There is an infectious air of friendliness and good fellowship about a trip across the Great Lakes. You just can't
help finding your companions jolly and likeable. Many a
delightful acquaintance and faithful friendship dates back
to this trip. There is the camaraderie of the beautiful dining
room to begin with; and then there are the verandah cafe and
the lounge to carry things along farther. There are card
parties, concert parties, and dancing. And above all, the
decks ! If it's air and exercise you want, you can walk for
miles around the promenade deck, chatting with all and
sundry on everything from business being rotten to the beautiful whitefish they served for lunch. And you'll go to bed
contented, happy to slip in between the cool white sheets in
your fresh and airy stateroom and to sleep the dreamless
sleep of a  child.
(Page Two) Port McNicoll—
From Train
to   Ship
Going Aboard—The Purser's Office
Grain Elevator, Port McNicoll
(Page Three) Lake Huron
Lake Huron, second largest of the five Great Lakes, is
207 miles long and over one hundred miles wide, and drains
an area of over seventy-five thousand square miles. It
contains about three thousand islands, of which the largest,
Manitoulin, is separated from the mainland by the North
Channel. At the east side of the lake is Georgian Bay, a
vast arm which encompasses a great part of the area of Lake
Huron.
When you wake to another sunny morning and go out
on deck, you find your ship has left behind the wide reaches
of the lake, and is now slipping swiftly past the verdant
banks of the St. Mary's River, where gay little summer
cottages and bungalows stand contentedly beneath groves
of trees. Lanterns, bunting and flags bedeck them, and very
gay and cozy they look—sort of smiling out at you and bidding
you good day. Soon the ship slows down; its whistle booms
forth, and the echoes re-sound among the rocks and woods.
We have reached Sault Ste. Marie, better though not so
musically  known as  "The  Soo."
The Soo Canal
The Soo is particularly identified with the great canal
that bears its name. We are at the bottleneck between Lake
Huron and Lake Superior, and the St. Mary's River, which
connects them, is here compressed into long, dangerous
rapids. To overcome them, two canals have been built,
one on the Canadian and the other on the American side—
for here the State of Michigan juts up to meet the Province of
Ontario, and there are two Sault Ste. Maries, one in each
country. These canals, however, are international, for ships
of either nation use them indiscriminately and without toll.
The Canadian Government canal, built at a cost of about
four million dollars, is 7,472 feet long, with a lock 900 feet
long and 60 feet wide.    By its means vessels are raised from
the St. Mary's Channel of Lake Huron 21 feet to the level of
Lake Superior. In some years the Soo Canal has witnessed
a larger tonnage in transit than either the much more famous
Panama or Suez Canals.
The Grain Boats
This canal is the greatest artery of inland water trade
on the North American continent. Steam boat, sailboat,
gasoline launch—they are all here; and among them are many
queer dachshund-shaped boats, with their heads and tails
just out of the water, a little machinery in one end, the crew
in the other, and a string of washing on a line. In between
—which is anything from 400 to 600 feet—lying just above
the water line, is the body of the creature, a series of grain
bins tied together with steel. These are the celebrated "whale
backs" which are used to transport the huge grain crops of
Western Canada. This fleet of boats, which ply their stodgy
way up and down the Great Lakes, could simultaneously
move 8,000,000 bushels of wheat in one voyage.
Sault Ste. Marie
The traveller who has time at his disposal will find the
Algoma district, of which Sault Ste. Marie is the headquarters,
a fascinating one. East, west and north of the city stretches
a vast virgin forest wherein can be found all that the heart of
the sportsman desires. The maze of islands near Desbarats,
thirty miles from Sault Ste. Marie, provides wonderful
scenery and every means of enjoyment known to campers.
Moose, red deer, caribou and bear are to be tracked in the
more secluded areas, while smaller game, partridge, ducks
and geese are to be found nearer the fringe. The deeply
indented shoreline of Manitoulin and the north shore of Lake
Huron, with the towns of Bruce Mines, Thessalon, Blind
River, Little Current and Gore Bay as ports and supply
depots, provide a varied playground for either the sportsman
or the summer idler.    In the rapids of Sault Ste.  Marie,
(Page Four) ■■ ■■".■.-'.■
m;
S.S. "Assiniboia'5
The   Dining   Saloon,   S.S. "Assiniboia"
(Page Five) ams,       mice
between the American and the Canadian cities, the rainbow
trout is to be had by the angler whose art is skilful, while
the countless streams and small lakes of the region abound in
speckled trout, bass, pickerel, maskinonge and pike. The
lines of the Canadian Pacific and Algoma Central Railway,
supplemented by steamer services, provide the route to these
fine sporting grounds.
Jesuits and Indians
For those who prefer to stay nearer to town, there are
the steel mills, the sites of old missions and battle-fields,
and the rapids and their legends. Sault Ste. Marie was
visited by white men early in the seventeenth century, and
a mission established by Jesuit fathers about 1632. About
1668 it was visited by the famous missionary, Marquette,
who built both a chapel and a stockade. In. 1700 it was
devastated by Iroquois and lay dormant until 1750. In
1762  it  was  seized  by  the  English.    The  well  preserved
remains of the North West Fur Company's block-house stil
stand near the canal.
The Indians of the region believe that the origin of the
rapids was the collapse of a dam which an Ojibway Hercules
had built for the beaver. His wife failed to watch the dam,
and its boulders rolled down to obstruct the torrent. Her
lord, returning, slew her and threw the body into the new-
made rapids, where to this day the voice of the waters is
really her cry.
Don't forget also to notice the extraordinary Canadian
Pacific bridge that opens up like a huge jack-knife to let
our ship through. This 2100-feet bridge—the most unique
of its type in the world—carries the railway across the river
to Duluth, Minneapolis and St. Paul.
In connection with those sailings of the "Assiniboia" and "Keewatin"
which reach Sault Ste. Marie on Sunday morning, and lay over there for
sufficient time to permit a sight-seeing trip, the Sault Ste. Marie Rotary
Club have automobiles waiting at the dock to take those passengers who
so desire to church and to take them back to the ship.
(Continued on page nine)
■m
m^mmmmm-.
Thunder   Cape,  Lake   Superior
(Page Six) The  After-Dinner   Constitutional
S.S.  "Keewatin"
(Page Seven) THE   GREAT   LAKES
The five "Great Lakes" of the North American continent are really fresh-water inland seas. Drained
ultimately by the St. Lawrence River, which with its other tributaries carries to the Atlantic Ocean the waters
of a basin nearly half a million square miles in size, they are navigable for large vessels from the head of Lake
Superior to Ruffalo, a distance of about 1,024 miles, and from Lewiston (just below Niagara Falls) to Kingston,
at which point Lake Ontario becomes the St. Lawrence River.
Their size and height above sea level is as follows :
Superior. .
Michigan.
Huron. ..
Erie	
Ontario. .
length
Breadth
Area
Height above sea level
Miles
Miles
Sq. M.
Feet
354
162m.
31,800
602
316
118
22,400
581
207
101
23,200
581
239
59
10,000
572
193
53
7,260
246
To the above is sometimes added Lake St. Clair, between
Huron and Erie, 445 square miles in size.
The drop in elevation, as will be seen from the above, is
most marked from Superior to Huron (21 feet) and from Erie
to Ontario (326 feet). The former is overcome by the Soo
Canal and the latter by the Welland Canal, which allows
vessels of a certain draft to pass around Niagara Falls.
The Great Lakes are very important commercially, for
within their sphere of influence and transportation are large
coal-fields, grain-growing plains, iron mines, and fisheries.
They serve, too, as a wonderful field for the seeker of summer
recreation, especially on the Canadian side. If one could
stand, say, at Toronto and construct an imaginary, up-side-
down triangle from that as the apex, the Lakes and the St.
Lawrence River would be the two sides, with the Canadian
Pacific Railway as the base. Within that triangle one could
find all the summer life, of an enormous variety of kind and
environment, ordinarily desired by men.
Besides their wonderful scenic and recreative value and
their enormous electric-power development, the great Lakes
perform an international function, for the boundary line
between Canada and the United States passes through them.
Lake Michigan is entirely within the United States; of the
others, the following area is Canadian :
11,178 Square miles
14,331
257
5,019
3,727
Superior
Huron
St. Clair
Erie
Ontario
(Page Eight) map of the Great lakes
STEAMSHIP SERVICE AND
CONNECTING RAIL LINES
OF THE
Canadian Pacific Railway
Lake Superior
The upward movement through the canal ceases. There
is a quick, sharp toot from the whistle, like the bark of a dog
unleashed, the screws bite deep into the water, and with a
leap forward the ship is away to the mighty flood waters of
Gitchee Gumme, the big water of Hiawatha, otherwise known
to us as Lake Superior. This noble lake, the largest body
of fresh water in the world, stretches in a wide crescent from
Sault Ste. Marie to Duluth, with a length of 354 miles and an
area of 31,800 square miles—almost as large, indeed, as
Ireland. It drains a total area of over eighty thousand
square miles, and can be considered as the headwaters of
the great St. Lawrence River, the principal river of Canada.
It is fed by a number of important tributaries, of which the
largest is the Nipigon River.
Superior has deep, extremely cold, clear water, abounding
in fish—an important white-fishing industry having now been
developed. Surrounding the lake are some of the oldest
rock formations known to geologists, producing a picturesque
coast-line. The north or Canadian shore particularly is
indented by deep bays enclosed by high cliffs; the islands also
rise abruptly to considerable heights.
An Inland Ocean
Keen and cool are the winds that come dancing over this
inland ocean, as the coppery north shore fades into nothingness. Soon you will be out of sight of land altogether, and
it's a warm spot you have in your heart for the smiling
stewards who pass around the cups of hot bovril and the
plates of biscuits. You have discovered another secret of the
Great Lakes. You're hungry, really and truly ravenously
hungry, and it's little loitering occurs when the gong rings
for the three downstair meals or when the stewards come
carrying the three that are served above.
By afternoon the outlook has changed. No longer are
there the large and tiny islands of yesterday or the dull
copper cliffs of the forenoon.   In front, behind, and on each
(Page Nine) Qvcat lakes Steamship Service
side extends an illimitable expanse of water. For all the
land you can see, you might as well be in mid-Atlantic. And
across this great north-western sea blows a breeze that sends
you below for sweaters. At four o'clock you follow the
crowd to the verandah cafe, where under little awnings the
blue tea pots circulate cheerfully and the conversation
anticipates dinner.
Dinner ! Ah, what a dinner, surpassing even the best of
dinners Dickens ever wrote about ! At home you'd never
dream of eating such a meal. But here you go through the
menu with an enthusiasm that puts any previous efforts in
that direction into the refrigerator, even with the knowledge
that there would be bovril at ten. And then in the evening,
now that everybody knows one another, there is such a jolly
time as only life on board ship can provide. If there is one
thing sure about a life on the ocean wave, it is that it breaks
down the artificial barriers of restraint with which we hedge
ourselves round on land.
The Twin Cities
The next morning, steaming past lonely, towering Thunder
Cape, a huge solitary sentinel glowering into the east, your
ship brings you swiftly within sight of Port Arthur and Fort
William, those aggressive "twin cities" of the headwaters of
Superior. They have a distinction that is peculiarly their
own. Although they touch one another, and almost merge,
they are separate; and together/theyjform the funnel through
which western Canada's huge grain crops find their way
every year into the markets of the world.
King Wheat
Wheat has indeed the right of way here. Collected at
Western Canada's three thousand elevators, it finds its way
eventually, assembled, inspected, graded and standardized,
to the Twin Cities. As fast as possible each carload is dumped into the enormous bushel capacity terminals and is
cleared out again into the holds of the whalebacks, bound
for ports on the Georgian Bay or Lakes Erie and Ontario, to
far-off Montreal via the Welland Canal, or to Buffalo.
The total capacity of the 36 great elevators at the Twin
Cities is in excess of 64,000,000 bushels, the largest having a
capacity of 7,500,000 bushels. The largest freighters on the
lakes have easy access here to the new million dollar dock
of the Canadian Pacific Railway, which stores 800,000
tons of coal and can unload a 10,000 ton vessel in ten hours.
Fort William is also the terminus of the Western Division of
the Canadian Pacific Railway and an exceedingly busy city.
Furs and Fights
Historically Fort William has great interest. It was
founded in 1731 by the French explorer La Verendrye, and in
1801 it became a port of the Hudson's Bay Company, to
which flocked Indians to sell furs. Fort "William" it became
in honor of an early Hudson's Bay governor, William Mc-
'•- "'     '.
Port Arthur
(Page Ten) Great lakes Steamship Semtee
Gillivray. Port Arthur, originally the rendezvous of early
explorers, became "Prince Arthur's Landing" at the time of
General Wolseley's march to Fort Garry to crush the Red
River Rebellion, under Louis Riel, in 1870. Arthur Street,
in fact, is the beginning of the Dawson road, Wolseley's
trail. At Port Arthur can be seen the stone which was
once Man-ab-o-sho, friend of the redmen—slain by Gitchee
Manitou, the Great Spirit, to expiate the crime of the creator
of Baw-a-ting Rapids at Sault Ste. Marie.
Still Farther
Again, if you wish to traverse the by-ways for a week or a
month or two, here is a fine starting point. The Twin Cities
are the portal to a tremendous area of almost unknown wilderness, wherein lies all that the sportsman's heart craves—
caribou, bear and red deer, shooting in season and trout and
bass fishing unexcelled. Within easy reach of Fort William
by either rail or automobile road are the Kakabeka Falls,
higher than Niagara and just as beautiful. An automobile
road has now been completed through to Duluth. If it's just
a rest you seek, with no physical labor, jolly companionship,
good bathing and boating, Silver Island, the most popular
summer resort of the region, is easily accessible.
Nipigon
Two hours east by Canadian Pacific Railway brings you
to Nipigon, a famous point for speckled-trout fishing. The
name "Nipigon," in fact, is almost synonymous with "big
trout," for the size and fighting capacity of those found
in Nipigon waters have earned them the respectful admiration
of anglers in every country. The Nipigon, emptying into
Lake Superior, has a length of forty miles and numerous
lake-like expansions and surging rapids.
A \isit to Nipigon is now doubly pleasurable, because the
traveller will find there, to stay at, a delightful Bungalow
Camp. This camp, which has a capacity for fifty, consists
of a number of cosy single and double sleeping bungalows
clustering around a club-house that serves as a dining-room
and social centre. The camp makes ideal headquarters for
either the fisherman or the non-fisherman, and is especially
suited, also, for ladies. Within easy reach are a number of
very delightful launch and canoe trips.
Lake of the Woods
If you cannot linger in this Lake Superior country, but
must hurry onwards to the west, you can do so with ease and
in comfort. From Fort William west the main line of the
Canadian Pacific Railway is taken to Winnipeg, 419 miles
distant. For steamship passengers, parlor cars are reserved
on day trains and sleeping cars on night trains.
A little more than half way is Kenora, on Lake of the
Woods—a great holiday resort, a wonderful body of water,
fringed with trees unspoiled by the lumberman's axe, and
covering an area of nearly two thousand square miles. Here,
again, a stop should be made, for the pleasure of a visit is
greatly heightened by another Bungalow Camp—Devil's
Gap Camp, similar to that at Nipigon, and affording
wonderful fishing, canoe trips, golf and pure laziness.
Winnipeg
Soon after leaving Kenora, the Province of Manitoba is
entered, and the dense forests through which we have travelled
since leaving the head of the lakes give way to the rolling
prairies—-the wheat-lands which stretch from here to the far
Rocky Mountains. Presently the train thunders over the
Red River, and we are in Winnipeg—metropolis and chief
city of Western Canada. Winnipeg is the principal distributing centre for the enormous area that lies between
here and the Rocky Mountains, and the largest grain centre
of the British Empire.
Historical Note
Champlain's first visit to the Great Lakes, 1615.
Nicollet reaches Lake Michigan, 1634.
First vessel on upper lakes, La Salle's Griffon, launched
in 1679.
First steamer on the Great Lakes, the Ontario, launched
in 1816 on Lake Ontario, followed in 1818 by the Walk-in-
the-Water on Lake Erie.
First merchant iron vessel, the Merchant, built at Buffalo
in 1861.
First "whaleback" type of freighter (1889) has now practically disappeared; largest of present type is 624 feet long,
and has carried a cargo of close to 750,000 bushels of oats.
(Page Eleven) /ItJ
The Canadian Pacific Great Lakes fleet was inaugurated
with three vessels in 1883. Built on the Clyde, they crossed
the Atlantic under their own steam, were cut in two in
Montreal, towed up the canals in sections, and rejoined at
Buffalo.
The present Canadian Pacific fleet consists of the Alberta,
Athabasca (both package freighters), Manitoba, Assiniboia and Keewatin. The last two, built on the Clyde, are
amongst the finest steamships plying the Great Lakes.
The Assiniboia and Keewatin are very much like ocean
liners, but with four decks—-main, awning, promenade and
hurricane. They stand far higher out of the water for their
size than the ordinary liner. They each have accommodation
for 300 passengers. Their gross tonnage is 3,880 tons and
their principal dimensions are — length, 336 feet, breadth
43 feet 8 inches, depth, 26 feet 6 inches. They are divided
into eight watertight compartments.
No ocean vessels, not even the best of the big liners,
have more luxurious accommodations than those provided
on the Keewatin and Assiniboia. Spacious decks, large
and  airy  cabins,  a  delightful  ladies'  ordinary,  large  and
finely-fitted-up smoking rooms and verandah cafe, where
afternoon tea is served, are features of these vessels. There is
also a big dining room on each vessel, capable of accommodating over 100 at one sitting and equal in appearance to that of
the ocean liner. A number of the rooms are fitted with shower
baths, and thus heighten the effect of a floating hotel.
The passenger equipment is of the most sumptuous
character. The main and upper decks are furnished for the
accommodation of 300 first-class passengers, fitted in the
latest style with patent folding berths, and aft of the main
entrance in each ship are five cabins-de-luxe, panelled in
mahogany, maple and basswood, each with large brass
bedstead and folding sofa. The drawing rooms are tastefully finished in white enamel and gold, while the dining-
rooms are framed in American walnut with Circassian walnut
panels.
The huge rectangular bevelled glass windows, with large
dome sky-light overhead, give excellent light and ventilation.
The smoking rooms on the after end of the deck-house are
tastefully designed and framed in high natural oak, with
carved panels. The other equipment is of an equally
elaborate and artistic character.
<*    1° «*~b <CI> oCDo oc3o ocno     LJ.
i3_S_a—E 1 J° °l 1° °l P °l P       ■.*    *        '
JMMiJJlWi
^ p oi io cczjo ocdo ocz> ocdo    r\~ I     I „-^_____^_^ 1    J     ( i— \p   n
UPPER DECK
STEAMSHIPS "ASSINIBOIA" AND "KEEWATIN"
UPPER DECK—All Rooms except 1 and 5 have three berths each.    Room 1 has four berths and a long seat.    Room 5 has two berths and a long seat.
MAIN   DECK —All inside Rooms except 101 and 149 have two berths and a long seat;  Rooms 101 and 149 have two berths and a short seat only.
All Outside Rooms except 166, 168, 171, 173 and 175 have three berths each.
Rooms 166, 168, 171, 173 and 175 are Parlor Rooms with bathroom attached.
Room 177 has three berths with bathroom attached.
(Page Twelve) :
■:■:   Illlll
# :M
"S
*   .jm
m§g§y-^p:
P||:-
S%. ,
Sunset   on
Lake   Superior
Passing   Freighters
A*  kJ' of p
By all means take the children
The   Old Block  House, Sault Ste. Marie
(Page Thirteen) threat iaices Meainship
THE CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWA V COMPANY'S GREAT LAKES SERVICE
is carried on by the
STEAMSHIPS "ASSINIBOIA," "KEEWATIN" AND "MANITOBA"
Plying between Port McNicoll, Owen Sound and the twin cities of Fort William and Port Arthur.   All steamers call at
Sault Ste. Marie in both directions.
VIA PORT McNICOLL
First trip Westbound from Port McNicoll May 23rd.
Last'trip September 30th.
First trip Eastbound from Fort William May 23rd.
Last trip September 30th.
VIA OWEN SOUND
First trip Westbound from Owen Sound May 4th.
Last trip Eastbound from Fort William October 1st.
S.S. "MANITOBA"
S.S. "KEEWATIN" and S.S. "ASSINIBOIA"
WESTBOUND
WESTBOUND
Lv. Toronto (Union)
Rail
12.40 p.m.
E.T.
Wed. Sat.
Lv. Toronto (Union)
Rail
5.20 p.m.
E.T.
Monday
Ar. Port McNicoll
"
4.15 p.m.
"        "
Ar. Owen Sound
"
10.45 p.m.
"
"
Lv. Port McNicoll
Steamer   4.30 p.m.
"        "
Lv. Owen Sound
Steamer 10.45 p.m.
"
"
Ar. Sault Ste. Marie
"
11.00 a.m.
Thu. Sun.
Ar. Sault Ste. Marie
"
5.30 p.m.
"
Tuesday
Lv. Sault Ste. Marie
"
12.30 p.m.
"        "
Lv. Sault Ste. Marie
"
5.30 p.m.
"
"
Ar. Port Arthur
"
7.00 a.m.
Fri. Mon.
Ar. Port Arthur
"
2.00 p.m.
>»
Wednesday
Ar. Fort William
»>
8.30 a.m.
"        "
Ar. Fort William
"
3.00 p.m.
"
"
Lv. Fort William
Rail
8.05 a.m.
C.T.
"        "
Lv. Fort William
Rail
10.55 p.m.
C.T.
"
Ar. Winnipeg
"
8.15 p.m.
"
"        »*
Ar. Winnipeg
"
10.00 a.m.
"
Thursday
EASTBOUND
Lv. Winnipeg
Rail
tlO.OO p.m.
C.T.
Fri. Tues.
EASTBOUND
Ar. Fort William
"
10.25 a.m.
"
Sat. Wed
Lv. Winnipeg
Rail
*7.50 p.m.
C.T.
Wednesday
Lv. Fort William
Steamer 12.30 p.m
E.T
Ar. Fort William
"
7.00 a.m.
"
Thursday
Lv. Port Arthur
"
1.30 p.m.
"        "
Lv. Fort William
Steamer 12.00Noon E.T.
"
Ar. Sault Ste. Marie
"
9.00 a.m.
Sun. Thu.
Lv. Port Arthur
"
1.00 p.m.
"
"
Lv. Sault Ste. Marie
»»
1.00 p.m.
"        "
Ar. Sault Ste. Marie
"
10.30 a.m.
"
Friday
Ar. Port McNicoll
"
8.00 a.m.
Mon. Fri.
Lv. Sault Ste. Marie
"
10.30 a.m.
"
"
Lv. Port McNicoll
Bail
8.30 a.m.
"        "
Ar. Owen Sound
"
6.00 a.m.
"
Saturday
Ar. Toronto (Union)
"
11.55 a.m.
"        "
Lv, Owen Sound
Rail
6.45 a.m.
"
"
E.T. Eastern Time.
C.T. Central Time.
Ar. Toronto (Union)
"
11.35 a.m.
"
TRAIN EQUIPMENT—Parlor Cars on trains between Toronto and Port McNicoll.
Parlor and Dining Cars on day train from Fort William to Winnipeg.  Sleeping and Dining Cars on night tiains between
Fort William and Winnipeg.
*Train leaving Winnipeg at 7.50 p.m. carries standard sleeping car passengers only.    Train leaving at 5.40 p.m. carries coach and sleeping car passengers.
fTrain leaving Winnipeg 9.00 p.m. commences June 16, prior to that date passengers will leave Winnipeg 5.40 p.m. and 7.50 p.m.    (The  latter  train   carries
standard sleeping car passengers only.)
ABOVE SAILINGS SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE
Berth locations in Steamships can be secured through any Agent of the Canadian Pacific Railway, or at the office of the
Depot Ticket Agent, Union Station, Toronto, City Ticket Agent, corner Main and Portage Ave., Winnipeg, or Depot Ticket
Agent, Winnipeg, Man.
SUMMER   TOURS
FROM  MAY 15th TO SEPTEMBER 30th
Tickets will be sold good for return till October 31st, 1925 (except where otherwise stated).
TO PORT ARTHUR AND FORT WILLIAM
AND RETURN
C.P.R. Lake Route, both ways, or C.P.R. Lake Route
going, rail returning, or vice versa.
TO SAULT STE. MARIE AND RETURN
Via Port McNicoll and Canadian Pacific Railway Great
Lakes Steamships both ways.
Via C.P.R. Lake Route, going, returning via C.P.R. Rail,
or vice versa.
TO DULUTH AND RETURN
Via Lake Route throughout, Canadian Pacific Railway
Great Lakes Steamship to Port Arthur, thence steamer.
TO WESTERN POINTS VIA LAKE ROUTE
Tickets will be sold to Winnipeg, etc., going via Lake
Steamer routes, returning all-rail, and vice-versa, particulars
of which will be furnished on application to any Agent of
the Company.
For fares for trips quoted above apply to any Agent of
the    Company.
(Page Fourteen) Nipigon River
Bungalow
Camp
\   ^wete's to^t0.
A Canoe Trip from Kenora
The Verandah Cafe
(Page Fifteen) w   %
Portage   Avenue,  Winnipeg
A  Travelling  Companion
V*
^*GaVe*0ta
Ottf*
Ca^v>
*****
Fort William Harbor
Port   Arthur   Harbor
(Page Sixteen)
CANADIAN PACIFIC AGENCIES
THROUGHOUT THE WORLD
CANADA AND   UNITED  STATES
Atlanta Ga.—E. G. Chesbrough, Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept . .49 N. Forsyth St.
Banff Alta.—J. A. McDonald, District Passenger Agent C.P.R. Station
Bellingham Wash.—S. B. Freeman, City Passenger Agent 1252 Elk St.
Boston Mass.—L. R. Hart, Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept  .405 Boylston St.
Buffalo N.Y.—H.  R.  Mathewson, Gen   Agt.  Pass. Dept.... .160 Pearl St.
Calgary Alta.—J. E. Proctor, District Pass. Agt C.P.R. Station
Chicago 111.—T, J. Wall, Gen. Agt. Rail Traffic 71 East Jackson Blvd.
Cincinnati. Ohio—M. E. Malone, Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept  201 Dixie Terminal Bldg.
Cleveland. Ohio—G. H. Griffin, Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept 1010 Chester Ave.
Detroit   Mich.—G. G. McKay, Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept 1231 Washington Brvd.
Edmonton Alta.—C. S. Fyfe, City Passenger Agent         C.P.R. Building
Fort William Ont.—A. J. Boreham, City Passenger Agt 404 Victoria Ave.
Guelph Ont.—W. C. Tully, City Passenger Agent 30 Wyndham St.
Halifax  N.6.—A. C. McDonald, City Passenger Agt  ..117 Hollis St.
Hamilton Ont.—A.  Craig,  City  Passenger Agent..........Cor.  King and James Sts.
Honolulu T.H.—Theo. H. Davies & Co.
Juneau Alaska—W. L. Coates, Agent.
Kansas City ... Mo.—R. G. Norris, City Pass. Agent 601 Railway Exchange Bldg.
Ketchikan Alaska—F. E. Ryus, Agent.
Kingston  . .Ont.—F.  Conway, City Passenger Agent 180 Wellington St.
London Ont.—H. J. MeCallum, City Passenger Agent 417 Richmond St.
Los Angeles Cal.—W.  Mcllroy, Gen. Agt.  Pass.  Dept 605 South Spring St.
Milwaukee Wis.—F. T. Sansom, City Passenger Agent 68 Wisconsin St.
Minneapolis Minn.—H. M. Tait, Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept 611 2nd Ave. South
,,    .     , ,-x /R. G. Amiot, District Pass. Agent Windsor Station
Montreal. .. Que.— ^ c  Lydont City Pass% Agent 141 St. James St.
Moosejaw........Sask.—A.   C.   Harris, Ticket  Agent.... Canadian   Pacific  Station
Nelson B.C.—J.  S.   Carter,  District  Pass.  Agent Baker  &  Ward  Sts.
New York N.Y.—F. R. Perry, Gen. Agt. Rail Traffic Madison Ave. at 44th St.
North Bay Ont.—L. O. Tremblay, District Pass. Agt 87 Main Street West
Ottawa Ont.—J. A. McGill, Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept    .83 Sparks St.
Peterboro Ont.—J. Skinner, City Passenger Agent George St.
Philadelphia Pa.—R. C. Clayton, City Pass. Agt Locust St. at 15th
Pittsburgh Pa.—C. L. Williams, Gen. Agent Pass. Dept 338 Sixth Ave.
Portland Ore.—W. H. Deacon, Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept 55 Third St.
Prince Rupert   B.C.—W. C. Orchard, General Agent.
Quebec Que.—C. A. Langevin, City Pass. Agent < Palais Station
Regina Sask.—G. D. Brophy, District Pass. Agt Canadian Pacific Station
St. John N.B.—G. B. Burpee, District Pass. Agent 40 King St.
St. Louis Mo.—Geo. P. Carbrey, Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept 420 Locust St.
St. Paul Minn.—W. H. Lennon, Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept. Soo Line........ Robert & Fourth Sts.
San Francisco Cal.—F. L. Nason, Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept 675 Market St.
Saskatoon .Sask.—G. B. Hill., City Pass. Agent 115 Second Ave.
Sault Ste. Marie.. .Ont.—J. O. Johnston, City Pass. Agent 529 Queen Street
Seattle Wash.—E. L. Sheehan, Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept, 608 Second Ave.
Sherbrooke Que.—J. A. Metivier, City Pass. Agt. 74 Wellington St.
Skagway Alaska—L. H. Johnston, Agent.
Spokane Wash.—E. L. Cardie, Traffic Mgr. Spokane International Ry.
Tacoma Wash.—D. C. O'Keefe, City Passenger Agent 1113 Pacific Ave.
Toronto.. Ont.—Wm. Fulton, District Passenger Agt Canadian Pacific Bldg.
Vancouver  B.C.—F. H. Daly, City Passenger Agent 434 Hastings St. West
Victoria B.C.—L. D. Chetham, District Passenger Agent 1102 Government St.
Washington D.C.—C. E. Phelps, City Passenger Agent .905 Fifteenth St. N. W.
Windsor Ont.—W. C. Elmer, City Passenger Agent 34 Sandwich St. West
Winnipeg Man.—J. W. Dawson, Dist. Passenger Agent Main and Portage
EUROPE
Antwerp....... Belgium-
Belfast. Ireland
Birmingham Eng.-
Bristpl  Eng.-
Brussels. Belgium
Glasgow...... Scotland-
Hamburg  Germany
Liverpool Eng.-
London Eng.-
Manchester....... Eng.-
Paris  .France
Rotterdam Holland-
Southampton  Eng.-
—A.   L.   Rawlinson 25  Quai   Jordaens
-Wm. McCalla     41-43  Victoria St.
—W. T. Treadaway 4 Victoria Square
—A. S. Ray 18 St. Augustine's Parade
-L. H. R. Plummer 92 Blvd. Adolphe-Max
-W.   Stewart       25   Bothwell   St.
—J. H. Gardner Gansemarkt 3
~R.     E.    Swain Pier Head
/C. E. Jenkins 62-65 Charing Cross, S.W. 1
"\G. Saxon Jones 103 Leadenhall St. E.C.   3
-J. W. Maine 31 Mosley Street
-A.  V.   Clark  7 Rue Scribe
-J. S. Springett Coolsingel No. 91
-H. Taylor     7 Canute Road
ASIA
Hong Kong . .China—T. R. Percy, Gen'l Agt. Pass. Dept.. .., Opposite Blake Pier
Kobe  Japan—E. Hospes, Passenger Agent 1 Bund
Manila P.I.—J.  R.  Shaw,  Agent  14-16  Calle David,  Roxas  Bldg.
Shanghai China—E. Stone, Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept     No. 12 The Bund
Yokohama Japan—G. E. Costello, Gen. Agt. Pass. Dept No. 1 The Bund
AUSTRALIA,   NEW   ZEALAND,  ETC.
J. Sclater, Australian and New Zealand Representative, Union House, Sydney, N.S.W.
\delaide S.A.—Macdonald, Hamilton & Co.
Auckland N.Z.—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Brisbane Qd.—Macdonald, Hamilton & Co.
Christchurch N.Z.—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Dunedin N.Z.—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Fremantle. W.A.—Macdonald,. Hamilton & Co.
Hobart Tas.—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Launceston Tas.—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Melbourne ... .Vic—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.), Thos. Cook & Son.
rerth  .. W.A.—Macdonald, Hamilton & Co.
uva. Fiji—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
ydney N.S.W.—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
/ellington  . .N.Z.—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.) GREAT
LAKES
STEAMSHIP
SERVICE
A:
•A.
.<%
[Hog „ ^
CJC
CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY
¥

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