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Resorts in the Canadian Pacific Rockies Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1927

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Array ort
Canadian Pacific
ckies CANADIAN PACIFIC HOTELS
IN THE ROCKIES
Banff Springs Hotel, Banff, Alberta
A magnificent hotel in the heart of Rocky Mountains National Park, backed by three splendid
mountain ranges. Alpine climbing, motoring and drives on good roads, bathing, hot sulphur springs,
golf, tennis, fishing, boating and riding. Open May 15th to September 30th. European plan. \y2
miles from station.   Altitude 4,625 feet.
Chateau Lake Louise, Lake Louise, Alberta
A wonderful hotel facing an exquisite Alpine Lake in Rocky Mountains National Park. Alpine
climbing with Swiss guides, pony trips or walks to Lakes in the Clouds, Saddleback, etc., drives or
motoring to Moraine Lake, boating, fishing. Open June 1st to September 30th. European plan.
33^2 miles from station by motor railway.   Altitude 5,670 feet.
Emerald Lake Chalet, near Field, B.C.
A charming Chalet hotel situated at the foot of Mount Burgess, amidst the picturesque Alpine
scenery of the Yoho National Park. Roads and trails to the Burgess Pass, Yoho Valley, etc. Boating
and fishing. Open June 15th to September 15th. American plan. Seven miles from station. Altitude
4,262 feet.
Hotel Sicamous, Sicamous, B.C.
Junction for the orchard districts of the Okanagan Valley, and stop-over point for those who
wish to see the Thompson and Fraser canyons by daylight. Lake Shuswap district offers good boating
and excellent trout fishing and hunting in season. Open all year. American plan. At station.
Altitude 1,146 feet.
ON THE PACIFIC COAST
Hotel Vancouver, Vancouver, B.C.
The largest hotel on the North Pacific Coast, overlooking the Strait of Georgia, and serving
equally the business man and the tourist. Situated in the heart of the shopping district of Vancouver.
Golf, motoring, fishing, hunting, bathing, steamer excursions. Open all year. European plan. One-
half mile from station.
Empress Hotel, Victoria, B.C.
A luxurious hotel in this Garden City of the Pacific Coast. An equable climate has made
Victoria a favorite summer and winter resort. Motoring, yachting, sea and stream fishing, shooting
and all-year golf. Crystal Garden for swimming and music. Open all year. European plan. Facing
wharf.
THE PRAIRIES
Hotel Palliser, Calgary, Alberta
A handsome hotel of metropolitan standard in this prosperous city of Southern Alberta. Suited
equally to the business man and the tourist en route to or from the Canadian Pacific Rockies. Good
golfing and motoring.   Open all year.   European plan.   At station.
Regina, Sask.
New Canadian Pacific Hotel (Open 1927).
Royal Alexandra Hotel, Winnipeg, Manitoba
A popular hotel in the largest city of Western Canada, appealing to those who wish to break
their transcontinental journey. The centre of Winnipeg's social life. Good golfing and motoring.
Open all year.   European plan.   At station.
EASTERN CANADA
A charming hotel in Canada's largest city.   Open all year.
A metropolitan hotel in the most historic city of North America.   Open all year.
A commercial and sportsman's hotel.   Open all year.
The social centre of Canada's most fashionable seashore summer resort.   Open June 25th
to September 7th.
Place Viger Hotel,
Montreal, Quebec:
Chateau Frontenac,
Quebec, Quebec:
McAdam Hotel,
McAdam, N.B.:
The Algonquin,
St. Andrews, N.B.:
HOTELS AND BUNGALOW CAMPS REACHED BY CANADIAN PACIFIC
Moraine Lake, Alberta Moraine Lake Camp
j Storm Mountain Bungalow
Banff Windermere       j Camp
Automobile Highway] ....... .Vermilion River Camp
(-. Radium Hot Springs Camp
Hector, B.C Wapta Camp
Hector, B.C Lake O'Hara Camp
Field, B.C Yoho Valley Camp
Lake Windermere, B.C Lake Windermere Camp
Penticton, B.C '. Hotel Incola
Cameron Lake, B.C Cameron Lake Chalet
Strathcona Lodge, B.C Strathcona Lodge
Kenora, Ont Devil's Gap Camp
Nipigon, Ont Nipigon River Camp
French River, Ont French River Camp
Digby, N.S The Pines
Kentville, N.S Cornwallis Inn
This cover printed in Canada, 192 7 CANADIAN PACIFIC ROCKIE/
Yss> r>>
///
Printed in United States, 1927 ESORTS the CANADIAN PACIFIC R
ATURE has thrown up the Canadian Pacific Rockies
on so vast a scale that the human mind can with
difficulty grasp their greatness—except by some comparison. The "Trans-Canada Limited,' fastest Canadian Pacific train, takes twenty-two hours to pass
from Cochrane, at the entrance to the Rockies, to
Mission, where it enters the coastal plain. The simplest parallel is that of the Swiss Alps, which throw
their giant barrier between Italy and France. Two
of the best known railway routes across the Swiss Alps are the St. Gothard
and the Simplon. It takes an express train five hours to travel from Lucerne
to Como, or from Lausanne to Arona.
When, therefore, Edward Whymper, the hero of the Matterhorn, described
the Canadian Pacific Rockies as fifty Switzerlands thrown into one, he certainly
was guilty of no exaggeration. The Canadian Pacific Rockies stretch from the
Gap practically to Vancouver—nearly six hundred miles of Alpine scenery.
Snowy peaks, glaciers, rugged precipices, waterfalls, foaming torrents, canyons,
lakes like vast sapphires and amethysts set in the pine-clad mountains—these
have been flung together in unparalleled profusion on a scale which Europe has
never known.
First Glimpses From the roof garden of the Hotel Palliser, in Calgary,
of the Rockies you can see the foothills of the Rockies—dull blue, with
shining peaks against the horizon. As the train glides
westward up the long transverse valleys—old grooves down which came
the spent glaciers from the higher mountains—the prospect grows more awe-
inspiring with every mile, until the train leaves the foothills for the real Rockies.
The coloring is intense in the foregrounds—filled with soft suggestion, with
unguessed witchery of semi-tonal shade, as the prospect dips and fades away
from you. The skies are raw-blue, the snow on the summits is whiter than sea-
foam, whiter than summer cloud, white with a glistening untouched whiteness
£hat cannot be named.
The still valleys are full of jade pine trees that fade into amethyst and pearl
distances. The spray of a 300-foot cataract is like spun glass. The huge bulk
of a tireless and age-old glacier is milky green. The rocks are of every shade
and subtle blending that the palette of the First Artist could produce. And the
perspective effects are like nothing that can be caught with the camera, or
splashed on canvas.
Top of the   The Canadian Pacific route through these mighty mountain
World ranges is in itself a visualization of human triumph over nature.
From Calgary, to which it has been steadily climbing since it
left Lake Superior, it climbs another three-eighths of a mile to the Great Divide.
Thence, following the narrow Kicking Horse Pass, it dips down to meet the
majestic Columbia River; then it re-ascends another quarter of a mile to the
summit of the Selkirk Range before beginning its three-quarter mile drop to the
Pacific. The Spiral Tunnels through the Kicking Horse Pass, the Connaught
Tunnel through the Selkirks, are engineering feats of a magnitude matching the
obstacles opposed to the passage of the railway. The trip through the Thompson
and Fraser canyons is of scarcely lesser interest than the journey through the
mountains themselves.
In the High    So much for what the traveller sees en route.   This great
Rockies mountain region offers a remarkable welcome to those who
leave the railway and tarry for a while. Fishing, hunting,
climbing, trail-riding, hiking, driving; exploring, Alpine flower gathering, wonder
photo taking, golfing at Banff on the most scenic course in the world—these are
some of the "frill" doings in the Rockies. The biggest and most solid pleasure is
just living—living where the air has never been contaminated with soot, where
you can go from summer to snow at anytime you want, where you need no alarm
clock to get you up, no cordial to put you to sleep, no dinner bell to tell you
when it's time to eat.
Banff, with its glorious panorama of Bow and Spray Rivers, is the headquarters of Rocky Mountains Park. Lake Louise, an enchanting lake with a no
less enchanting hotel, is the gateway to a region of magnificent scenery, as Field
Page Two
is that to winsome Emerald Lake, or Wapta Camp to the Yoho Valley and Lake
O'Hara. Sicamous is a charming half-way house for those who want to make the
whole journey by daylight.
Where to There are beautiful Canadian Pacific hotels at Banff, Lake
Stay Louise,   Emerald   Lake, and   Sicamous—hotels whose windows
open on fairyland, where music or other entertainment helps to
pass the evenings of glorious days. At eight other points are bungalow camps
to suit less conventional tastes. These are Moraine Lake Camp, near Lake
Louise; Wapta Camp, Lake O'Hara Camp, and Yoho Valley Camp, clustering
around Hector and the Yoho Valley; Lake Windermere Camp in the Columbia
Valley; and several tea houses. Along the Banff-Lake Windermere Road (see
below) are three camps at Storm Mountain, Vermilion River and Radium Hot
Springs.
The Southern The Crow's Nest Pass line of the Canadian Pacific, and
Route its continuation the Kettle Valley line, is a postscript,
crossing the Rockies farther south than the main line.
But many line people think that it lives up to postscript traditions by carrying
some of the most important information. The visitor who would fully and
faithfully see Canadian Pacific Rocky-land should go by way of Banff and Lake
Louise, stop off at Wapta Bungalow Camp for side trips to Lake O'Hara and
the Yoho Valley, spend a day at Emerald Lake, and then dip southward via
Golden, to Lake Windermere Camp, on one of the loveliest warm water lakes in
British Columbia. This camp can now also be reached over the new Banff-
Windermere Road—one of the most magnificent and spectacular automobile
rides of the continent.
There are another two fascinating alternatives. One is to go by the main line
as far as Revelstoke, and thence branch southward through the Arrow Lakes to
Nelson and the Kootenays. The other is to go to Sicamous, and southward
through the charming, fertile Okanas^an Valley to Penticton. The southern
route via Crow's Nest Pass line ties together these beautiful lakes of British
Columbia, and forms an alternative through route from the prairies to Van-
The National Parks of Canada
Rocky Canada has a magnificent system of fourteen National Parks,
Mountains of which ten are in Western Canada. Of the latter, six of the
Park most important are traversed by or lie adjacent to the Cana
dian Pacific Railway, while others can be reached conveniently
from it.
Rocky Mountains Park, the easternmost and largest of these ten, is bounded
on the west by the interprovincial boundary between Alberta and British
Columbia, and on the east by, approximately, the first big ranges of the Rockies.
It has an area of 2,751 square miles, its greatest length being about one hundred
miles. No part of the Rockies exhibits a greater variety of sublime and romantic
scenery, and nowhere are good points of view and features of special interest so
accessible, with so many good roads and bridle paths.
Its principal mountain ranges are the Vermilion, Kananaskis, Bourgeau,
Bow, and Sawback ranges; its principal river is the Bow, which has for chief
tributaries the Kananaskis, Spray, Cascade and Pipestone rivers. The Panther
and Red Deer rivers flow through the north-eastern portion of the Park, which
includes part of the Bow River Forestj Reserves. Of the many beautiful lakes
within the Park, the principal are Louise, Minnewanka, Hector, Spray, Kananaskis and Bow Lakes. Banff and Lak|e Louise are the chief centres, the former
the administrative headquarters. The (Canadian Pacific runs through the middle
of the Park, entering at the Gap and following the Bow River.
Yoho Park Yoho Park (area 476 square miles) immediately adjoins Rocky
Mountains Park on the) west, and lies, broadly speaking, on the
descending slopes of the Rockies, withj the President and Van Home ranges as
its western boundary. It is a region of charm and winsome beauty, of giant
mountains and deep forests, of rushing rivers and sapphire-like lakes. Its
principal river is the Kicking Horse,! with the Ottertail and Yoho as main
tributaries; its chief lakes are Emerald, Wapta, McArthur, O'Hara and Sherbrooke. The Yoho Valley, Emerald Lake, Burgess Pass and Lake O'Hara are
amongst the chief scenic features. The Canadian Pacific runs through the
centre of Yoho Park, following the Kicking Horse River.
Glacier From Yoho, while we are descending the Rockies and ascending
Park into the Selkirk Range, there is an interval of about fifty miles
before we enter Glacier Park. This Park (area 468 square miles)
includes part of the Hermit Range of the Selkirks, and embraces some of
the finest mountaineering country in North America. With its massive peaks
and giant glaciers it has an air of grandeur and of mystery. Its chief rivers are
the Beaver and the Illecillewaet. The Canadian Pacific, coming from the north,
runs through part of the western half of this park, tunnelling under Mount
Macdonald and then following the Illecillewaet River, There is not, however,
any hotel or camp accommodation in Glacier Park.
Mount Mount Revelstoke Park (area 100 square miles), on the western
Revelstoke    slopes of the Selkirks, lies about fifteen miles west of Glacier
Park Park, its southern border paralleling the Illecillewaet River.   It is
very easily reached from the city of Revelstoke.   (See page 14.)
Kootenay Kootenay Park (area 587 square miles) tucks in between the
Park southern portions of Rocky Mountains and Yoho Parks, and
comprises the Vermilion, Mitchell and Briscoe Ranges. The
Kootenay River flows through its southern part, with a large tributary in the
Vermilion. At the south-west end it almost touches the eastern bank of the
Columbia River a little above Lake Windermere. The Banff-Windermere
automobile highway traverses the centre of this Park and has thereby rendered
it accessible from railway transportation at either end.  (See page 16.)
Waterton Waterton Lakes Park (220  square miles) lies about  24
Lakes Park miles south of the Crow's Nest Pass line of the Canadian
Pacific, adjoining the international boundary. Here the
mountains, set close around the lakes, are warm and very friendly, and, lifting
to not too difficult heights, seem always to be in an inviting mood. (See
page 16.)
Adjoining Rocky Mountains Park is a new British Columbia Provincial
Park, Mount Assiniboine Park, covering an area of twenty square miles and
dominated by Mount Assiniboine, 11,860 feet high.
Over Six Hundred Peaks
A Sea of The Canadian Pacific Rockies comprise some of Nature's
Mountains most gigantic works. In the various mountain ranges that
make up the Canadian Pacific Rockies—the Rockies, the
Selkirks, and the Monashee, Coast, Cascade, and Purcell Ranges—there
are, according to Government measurements, no less than 644 mountain peaks
over 6,000 feet in height above sea level. This Government list includes only
those peaks which bear names, and it does not profess to exhaust the innumerable mountains that have not yet been named or measured, or that are very
inaccessible from railways. Of those actually listed, there are 544 over 7,009
feet, 422 over 8,000 feet, 272 over 9,000 feet, 144 over 10,000 feet, 41 over
11,000 feet, and 4 over 12,000 feet.
It should be noted, too, that in many mountainous regions the chief peaks
spring from such high plateaus that although they are actually a very considerable height above sea level, their height is not very impressive to the traveller.
This is not so in the Canadian Pacific Rockies. For example, some fifty principal mountains seen by the traveller from the train or at the most popular
mountain resorts—at and around Banff, Lake Louise, Moraine Lake, Lake
O'Hara, Field, Emerald Lake, the Yoho Valley, and Glacier—and ranging in
height from 8,000 to 11,500 feet, average a height above the floor of the valleys
at their base of about 4,800 feet, or almost a mile. The Canadian Pacific
Rockies, being rich in glaciers and neve fields, are generally snow-covered the
year round. AT TO DO AT BANF
Banff the Banff is the administrative headquarters of Rocky Mountains
Beautiful Park (area 2,751 square miles). No part of the Rockies exhibits
a greater variety of sublime and romantic scenery, and nowhere
else are good points of view and features of special interest so accessible. The
town lies embowered in pine forests and lawns, in a pocket of a wide circle of
pearly-grey limestone peaks. Warmed by clear sunshine and kissed by clear
air, exhilarated by the glacial-green Bow River, Banff bids all welcome.
A Panorama  From either the station, the bridge or the Banff Springs
of Peaks Hotel a magnificent panorama is to be witnessed.    From
the station first: to the north is the grey bulk of Cascade
Mountains, towering above the town like a grim old idol. To the east are
Mount Inglismaldie and the heights of the Fairholme sub-range. Still farther
to the east the sharp cone of Mount Peechee closes the view in that direction.
To the left of Cascade rises the wooded ridge of Stoney Squaw. To the west
and up the valley are the distant snowy peaks of the main range above Simpson's
Pass. To the left is Sulphur Mountain, to the south-east the isolated, wooded
bluff of Tunnel Mountain and the long serrated spine of Mount Rundle.
From the Bow Bridge the view is even more magnificent, for the river runs
through the centre of the picture, and one who has caught his first glimpse of
this picture close to sunset will never forget its breath-taking beauty. A little
beyond the bridge the river frolics over a series of rapids in a narrow gorge and
then, leaping in clouds of spray, falls almost opposite the Banff Springs Hotel.
From the high elevation of the hotel a somewhat different view is obtained,
looking across the junction of the Bow with the smaller and darker Spray
River, to the distant snow-clad barrier of the Fairholme Range.
Banff Springs   Banff has been for many years one of the most popular
Hotel mountain resorts on the continent—due not only to its envi
ronment, but also to the beautifully situated and splendidly
appointed Banff Springs Hotel (a Canadian Pacific Hotel, open from May 15th
to September 30th). This season will see the opening of a new fire-proof wing,
erected during the past winter at a cost of over 13^2 million dollars. The entire
first floor is given over to public rooms, artistically decorated and furnished, and
in this wing alone there are 210 bedrooms. A similar wing will be erected on the
south side of the central tower at the close of the present summer season. One
of the features will be the ten period suites—Georgian, Jacobean, Tudor,
Swiss and Italian; the period influence will also dominate in the lounges.
At the hotel there is entertainment all the time. One could be perfectly
happy just looking out towards the enclosing mountains, watching the swimmers
in the warm sulphur water pool, swimming oneself, playing tennis, or studying
the cosmopolitan types which one meets at this great caravanserai. There is an
excellent Turkish bath at the hotel, very popular with those who come in after a
game of golf or an hour in the saddle. The spacious luxurious lounges invite
one to succumb to a contented laziness. There is nearly always an orchestra
playing somewhere, and in the evening, when Banff, the mountains and the
winding Bow are bathed in moonlight, the strains of dance music float out from
the ballroom.
The Hot Had Banff not become famous for its beauty, it must have become
Springs famous for its hot springs, which are amongst the most important of
this continent. The five chief springs have been found to have a total
flow of about a million gallons a day, and issue from the ground the year round
at a temperature ranging from 78 to 112 degrees Fahrenheit. The chief constituents are calcium sulphate or gypsum, calcium bicarbonate and magnesium
sulphate, and their therapeutic value is very high. Winter makes no difference
to the temperature of the water. The springs, which are radio-active, have been
developed by the erection at two of them of bath houses and swimming pools.
Swimming Excellent swimming in warm sulphur water is afforded at Banff
Springs Hotel, which has its own large and beautiful open-air
pool. Here, where the temperatures of the summer air and the water are delightfully blended, and spring diving-boards offer opportunity for sport to expert
swimmers, the sloping depth of the bath gives confidence to beginners at the
shallow end; while the cold fresh water pool adjacent to the warm bath provides
an invigorating plunge. Some people prefer to swim before breakfast, others
like a dip in the afternoon when they return from some long expedition, but all
agree that to dive in and swim about in the warm water under the light of a midsummer moon is perhaps the most wonderful experience of all.
There is also excellent swimming at the Cave and Basin, where marvellous
hot sulphur springs flow out of the mountain-side, and boiling up through the
ground are caught in a fine $150,000 swimming pool and a series of private baths
built by the Government. At the Upper Hot Sulphur Springs, situated on the
wooded slopes of Sulphur Mountain, 800 feet higher than the hotel, at an
altitude of 5,132 feet, is another swimming pool, which may be reached by trail
from the hotel (134 miles) or by road from Bow River Bridge (23^ miles).
Golf and An eighteen-hole golf course, superbly located on the banks of the
Tennis Bow River and guarded by huge bastions of rock, turreted and
pinnacled like the fortified castle of old, is open to all visitors to Banff
for a small fee. For tennis players there are several admirable courts, and
because the exquisite summer climate of Banff is very conducive to both golf
and tennis, there are always a large number of people to be seen enjoying the
games.
Boat ing Despite the fact that the rapid rivers of the Rocky Mountains do not
lend themselves to much indulgence in boating, there are several
beautiful places near Banff where this pastime may be enjoyed. On Lake
Minnewanka, for instance, you can take a tour in a motor-launch or a shorter
trip in a row-boat, through scenery which resembles that among the most
exquisite fiords in Norway; while the Bow River, just above the Banff Bridge, is
a smooth running piece of water out of which you can "paddle your own canoe"
into Vermilion Creek, a fascinating little winding stream overhung with arching
trees, which eventually leads you into the Vermilion Lakes, where the views at
sunset surpass in beauty anything you have ever seen. A ten-mile motorboat
trip into the heart of the mountains is also offered. Another trip is up the Echo
River, with two miles of excellent paddling and sylvan shade.
Recreation On the shore of the Bow River, 500 yards west of the bridge,
Grounds      are the Government Recreation Grounds and Building, with
special picnic, baseball, tennis, football, and cricket grounds.
Walking and There are a large numb er of beautiful trails and roads leading
Riding from Banff, offering delightful rides, drives and walks of almost
any desired length. Just three minutes from the Banff Springs
Hotel is one of the most beautiful spots in Banff, the Bow Falls; and from here
one may keep on going down a lovely pine-canopied avenue which leads from
the Bow Bridge to the foot of the falls below the hotel, passing on the way the
very interesting fish hatchery of the Department of Fisheries, where man aids
nature in the work of re-stocking the lakes and rivers of the Canadian Pacific
Rockies.
On the east side of the Bow Falls is tiie road which switchbacks up Tunnel
Mountain, the highest point being reached by a series of short switches called
the Corkscrew. It affords splendid views of the Bow Valley and the surrounding
mountains. Another beautiful walk is past the Cave and Basin to Sundance
Canyon, a narrow rift in the towering cliffs where many rock-plants such as
saxifrage, stonecrop and dryas bloom in the crannies, watered by the melting
snows that trickle down from the ice-fields above.
Sulphur Mountain, a long wooded ridge rising to an elevation of 8,030 feet,
at the summit of which is an observatory, and on the slopes of which is the clubhouse of the Alpine Club of Canada—Cascade Mountain, a massive giant facing
the station—Mount Rundle, the sharp pointed edge of which forms one of the
most striking features of the landscape- -Mount Norquay and Stony Squaw,—
are all within easy walking distance, and afford climbs not exceeding one day.
Motoring Many of the walking trips mentioned may be taken by saddle-pony
or automobile, and in addition there are scores of other trips too
lengthy for the ordinary walker. By taking a motor you are able to enjoy a
thousand radiant sights that would otherwise be out of your reach; you can
approach close to many more glorious mountains, with glaciers like green
emeralds set in their rocky sides, run along farther shores of lakes of amethyst,
opal and pearl, catch glimpses of distant perfumed valleys, and penetrate
deeper into the still forests of spruce and pine.
Lake A short motor run of eight miles brings you to the shores of
Minnewanka    Lake Minnewanka, that beautiful sheet of steel-blue sheen
where you can catch huge lake trout.   A tea house on the
shore offers the motorist rest and refreshment.
Johnston A well-graded road leads out from Banff westward for sixteen miles
Canyon up the Bow Valley to Johnston Canyon, where a series of waterfalls,
ending in a final foaming cascade, is most attractive, and a very
enjoyable picnic may be made up the Canyon or lunch partaken of at the rustic
tea shop near the Highway.
To Lake Past Johnston Canyon the road runs on for another twenty-five
Louise miles, past the imposing battlements of Castle Mountain, and
the snow-capped dome of Mount Temple, to Lake Louise. This is
one of the finest automobile trips in the mountains. A herd of Rocky Mountain
sheep, in their wild native state, is usually seen by the roadside, about five miles
west of Banff. A short detour at Castle enables one to take in Storm Mountain
on the crest of Vermilion Pass, with a magnificent panorama of the Bow Valley,
the Sawback Range, and the Vermilion Valley. Another nine miles of excellent
road from Lake Louise bring you to Moraine Lake.
The Banff-Lake Louise road has now been continued to the Yoho Valley,
Field and Golden. (See "Motoring," page 16. On that page, too, you will
find a description of the Banff-Windermere Road trip and the new Three-Day
Circle trips.)
Trail Trips Numerous as are the motor drives about Banff, beautiful as are
the spots reached by car, there are many places which can only
be approached by trail, that rank amongst the most attractive playgrounds of the
Rockies. There are 700 miles of trail in Rocky Mountains Park, a large part of
which radiate from Banff. With guides and ponies the visitor may find his way
to Mystic Lake, in the heart of the Sawback Range, to Ghost River, and through
the Indian Reservation to the town of Morley, the Spray Lakes, the Kananaskis
Lakes and dozens of other magic places.
Mount A particularly fine pony trip from Banff, and one on which
Assiniboine a week can be profitably spent, is that to Mount Assiniboine—the "Matterhorn of the Rockies." This can be reached
by way of the Spray Lakes, and the return made by traversing the beautiful
summit country in the vicinity of the mountain, through the heather and flowers
of Simpson Pass and along Healy Creek. Excellent trout fishing may be
obtained at the Spray Lakes. The official 1927 ride of the Trail Riders of the
Canadian Rockies will be to Mount Assiniboine.  (See page 14.)
The Animal The tourist will find plenty of interest in the little town of
Corral Banff itself, with its churches, cinemas and shops, interspersed
with groups of cow-boys in woolly chaps and gay-coloured
kerchiefs, sloe-eyed Indians in buckskin coats and moccasins, packers, trappers,
guides and other truly mountain men.
One and a half miles from the town towards Lake Minnewanka is the animal
corral, an immense fenced-in area where a herd of buffaloes, mountain sheep,
goat, moose, antelope and other kindred of the wild roam at will through the
vast forested pasturage. You can drive into this corral quite close up to the
buffaloes and enjoy studying them in their natural surroundings.
Indian Pow-Wow There are a number of Stoney Indians in the Morley
reservation, some forty miles east of Banff.   An annual
"pow-wow" of sports, races, etc., is held at Banff during the month of July,
usually the third week, and attracts gorgeous cavalcades of braves and squaws.
Winter Sports   Banff is rapidly becoming an important centre for winter
sports, the Annual Carnival attracting ski-jumpers of international reputation.
Page Three Page Four
(Above) In the Buffalo Paddock—Indian Braves at the Annual "Pow-Wow"—A Backwater on the Bow River
(Below) Banff Springs Hotel and the Bow Valley—Hot Sulphur Swimming Pool— (Inset) The Golf Course.
Banff (Above) Looking across the Bow River: Mount Rundle at the left, Sulphur Mountain at the right.
(Below, centre) Banff and its vicinity—(Left) Mount Assiniboine—(Right) The Gap, Entrance to the Rockies—(Inset) On the Trail.
Banff
Page Five Page Six
(Above, left to right) Storm Mountain Bungalow Camp—Lake Windermere Camp—Vermilion River Camo
(Below, left) Sinclair Canyon-(Right) Radium Hot Springs Camp P*
The    Banff-Wijndermere    Road HAT TO DO AT LAKE LOUISE
Pearl of the Lake Louise—probably the most perfect gem of scenery in the
Rockies known world—bears the liquid music, the soft color notes of its
name, almost into the realm of the visible. Geographically a
"cirque lake"—a deep, steep walled recess caused by glacial erosion, nestling
600 feet above the railway on the far side of a mountain palisade, amidst an
amphitheatre of peaks—it is a dramatic palette upon which the Great Artist
has splashed his most gorgeous hues, a wonderful spectrum of color. Deepest
and most exquisitely colored is the lake itself,, sweeping from rosy dawn to
sunset through green, blue, amethyst and violet, undershot by gold; dazzling
white is the sun-glorified Victoria Glacier, at the farther end; sombre are the
enclosing pine-clad peaks that dip perpendicularly into the lake; and magnificent are the stark immensities of the snow-covered peaks that enclose the
picture except for the fleecy blue sky overhead.
The Chateau On the margin of this most perfect lake, in a wonderful Alpine
flower garden where poppies, violets, columbines, anemones
and sheep laurel slope through terraced lawns to the water's edge—the Canadian
Pacific has placed its great Chateau Lake Louise. The first hotel built by the
Company on this spot was an unpretentious log cabin. Some years later a
bigger building was erected and this has been repeatedly enlarged to meet the
demands of an ever-increasing stream of tourists, until to-day a fire-proof
modern and luxurious hotel with accommodation for seven hundred guests
now stands there (open June 1 st to September 30th).
Adjoining the Chateau is a new concrete swimming pool with glacial water
heated to a comfortable temperature. There are also two splendid tennis
courts attached to the hotel.
A Circle The peaks that surround Lake Louise form such a magnificent
of Peaks background that many visitors ask nothing better than to sit on the
hotel verandah watching the marvellous kaleidoscope of beauty and
color that they present. From left to right they are:—Saddleback, Fairview,
Lefroy, Victoria, Collier, Popes, Whyte, the Devil's Thumb, the Needles, Big
Beehive, Niblock, St. Piran, and Little Beehive. At the far end of the Lake,
catching for the greater part of the day the full glory of the sun, their snow-
fields standing out in dazzling whiteness, are the glaciers that drop down from
Mount Victoria and the lofty ice-crowned head of Mount Lefroy.
Along the westerly shores of Lake Louise a delightful mile-and-a-half walk
along a level trail affords splendid views of further peaks—Mounts Haddo,
Aberdeen and the Mitre.
Many Fine For those who are eager to be out on the trail, there are many
Excursions fine excursions around Lake Louise. These trips are on foot
or on the back of a sure-footed mountain pony; some can be made
by motor. The trails are well established ones, constantly being improved and
extended. The most popular trail trips are to Lakes in the Clouds, Victoria
Glacier, Saddleback, and Paradise Valley; by motor one can go to Moraine
Lake, Banff or Field, while there are some magnificent climbs. As definite
objectives on these trail trips there is tea house, bungalow camp, or Alpine hut
accommodation at Moraine Lake, Lake Agnes, the Saddleback, Abbot Pass and
the Plain of the Six Glaciers.
Lakes in the One of the loveliest short climbs is to the Lakes in the Clouds,
Clouds situated a thousand feet and more higher than Lake Louise,
nestling on the side of the mountain range.
The trail, leaving the west end of the Chateau, rises gradually through spruce
and fir forests to Mirror Lake (altitude 6,655 feet), thence upward to Lake Agnes
(6,875 feet).
Up there the ice and snow seldom melt before July, and yet there are quantities
of wild flowers blooming near the charming little tea house on the brink of Lake
Agnes, with its flower-decked tables and a great log fire. If you are not too
weary, it is possible to go on from here to the top of Little Beehive or up to the
observatory on the top of Big Beehive; but for these expeditions it is best to be
equipped with stout mountain boots.
The Another excellent walking or pony excursion is up a good trail to
Saddleback the Saddleback, an altitude of 1,800 feet above Lake Louise.
This is another excellent walking or pony excursion in an opposite
direction. Crossing the bridge over Lake Louise creek, the trail rises rapidly
on the slopes of Mount Fairview, between that mountain and Saddleback. From
an Alpine meadow on the pass a fine view of Paradise Valley is obtained, with
dainty Lake Annette lying far below the gigantic guardian peaks. The very
contrast of the frowning walls which enclose it lend an additional charm to this
fairyland at your feet. After the climb up Saddleback you may stop to rest at a
tea house which claims to be the highest in the British Empire.
Paradise Between Moraine Lake and Lake Louise lies Paradise Valley,
Valley about six miles long, carpeted with anemones, asters and other
Alpine flowers. Great peaks rise around it like citadel walls.
The valley can be reached from the Moraine Lake trail up Paradise Creek, or
from Saddleback down a step zigzag trail through beautiful Sheol Valley, then
following up Paradise Creek to the Giant s Steps, a stair-like formation over
which Paradise Creek tumbles in a beautiful cascade. The journey may then
be continued across the valley to Lake Annette, a tiny emerald sheet of water
on the other side of Mount Temple. From the Giant's Steps a trail leads
across the valley to Sentinel Pass, whence descent can be made through a lovely
Alpine meadow known as Larch Valley to Moraine Lake.
Moraine Lake This lovely mountain lake, lying exquisitely blue-green at
the base of ten giant peaks, is nine miles from the Chateau,
and can also be reached by automobile (cars leave twice daily). The tremendous
semi-circle of the Ten Peaks that encircles the eastern and southern sides of the
lake presents a jagged profile that makes a most majestic picture. Not one of
these peaks is less than 10,000 feet in height—the highest, Mount Deltaform, is
11,225 feet. Standing off a little, as a sort of outpost, is the Tower of Babel, an
interesting rock formation of unusual shape. On the shore of the lake is Moraine
Lake Bungalow Camp, a pleasant little chalet that provides meals and sleeping
accommodation for nine. An extension trip should be made to Consolation
Lake, the waters of which contain a plentiful supply of rainbow, Dolly Varden,
and cut-throat trout.
There is a charming little tea house at the Plain of Six Glaciers, about four
miles from the Chateau, where one may ride or walk for luncheon or afternoon
tea, passing along the right-hand shore of the lake. There is sleeping accommodation here for four.
Easy Climbs Lake Louise is one of the recognized mountain climbing centres
of the Rockies, and has many good climbs both for the novice
and the experienced alpinist    Some short and easy climbs will be found in the
Beehive, Mount St. Piran Saddle Mountain and Mount Fairview.
Abbot Pass From Victoria Glacier there is a fine climb over Abbot Pass
between Mount Victoria and Mount Lefroy, descending to Lake
O'Hara. (See page 11.) It is well to start in the morning, taking the trail
around the west shore of the Lake, ascending the Victoria Valley and following
the edge of Victoria Creek until you reach the foot of the glacier. The glacier
is three miles long and a half mile wideband there is much of interest such as
glacier tables, moulins and seracs. An Alpine hut (with accommodation for
twenty) is situated near the summit of the Pass at an altitude of over 9,500 feet
for the convenience of climbers, and most people prefer to stop the night here
and see a glorious sunrise in the morning. This expedition may be undertaken
by the novice, who, however, must be accompanied by a Swiss guide.
Lake O'Hara In the morning you descend the other side of the Pass to Lake
O'Hara, one of the loveliest of all Rocky Mountain waters.
Here there is a Bungalow Camp where you may stay before returning to Louise,
and perhaps, if you have a few hours to spare, take the trail that leads to Lake
McArthur, whose blue waters lie at an altitude of 7,359 feet. There is a glacier
here, and huge blocks of ice may be seen floating on the surface of the lake, even
in the summer time.
Harder For the expert alpinist there are plenty of climbs around Lake Louise
Climbs that will provide him with sufficient opportunity to use his skill.
Some of these are the ascent of the Devil's Thumb, the Pass between
Mount St. Piran and Mount Niblock, Eiffel Peak, Wenkchemna Lake and
Glacier, Consolation Pass and Boom Lake, Mount Aberdeen, Mount Temple
and Saddle Mountain.
Swiss Guides Are attached to the Chateau Lake Louise for those who wish
to visit the glaciers, climb mountains, or make some of the more
strenuous trips through the passes. As they are greatly in demand, it is advisable
to make arrangements well in advance. Rates $7.00 per day. Climbers should
be equipped with Swiss Alpine climbing boots.
Trail Trips Lake Louise is a good starting point for riding and camping
trips over the trails maintained by the National Parks Department through the magnificent Alpine country of this region of the Great Divide.
The Ptarmigan Valley, Hector Lake, Bow Lake, the Molar Pass, the Skoki
Valley, Baker Creek are but a few suggestions. During July and August, circle
trail trips will be operated weekly around the Bungalow Camps from Lake
Louise on a trip lasting six days.   (See "Trail Riding," page 14.)
Along the An excellent trail north of the Bow River from Lake Louise,
Pipestone along the valley of the Pipestone River, leads to an Alpine lake
full of trout eager for the fly. The camping ground is nineteen
miles from Lake Louise station, so that guides, ponies, and outfit are recommended for those who wish to fish. The season opens on July 1 st. The lake is
in an Alpine meadow amid high glacial surroundings of spectacular grandeur
and beauty. On the return journey a magnificent view is afforded of the group
of peaks which form a chalice for Lake Louise itself.
Wild Life All these expeditions hold a wonderful charm, especially for those
interested in the wild animal life and the exquisite Alpine flowers
of the mountains. Over 500 species of flowers grow in the Rocky Mountains,
and many of these are to be found in the valleys and on the lower slopes and
Alpine meadows of the Lake Louise region.
Of the wild creatures, the Hoary Marmot, who is well-known by his shrill
whistle, the Marten, the Chipmunk, the Bighorn or Mountain Sheep and Black-
tail or Mule Deer, are seen in large numbers. Black Bears are also not uncommon, and are very tame, many of them even showing a willingness to become
pets.
It is a common saying that there are no birds in the mountains, but anyone
with eyes and ears can soon disprove this belief. The Franklin grouse is one
species which nearly every visitor is bound to see. This bird seems to have no
sense at all and is generally referred to as the "fool-hen." A type of Canadian
jay, the whiskey-jack, is plentiful enough, and sometimes these saucy birds will
stand and inspect one from every angle. Other birds likely to be seen are the
mountain bluebird, eagle, ptarmigan, the cheerful chickadee, water ousel and
humming bird.
Motoring Visitors to Lake Louise will find a number of very attractive motor
excursions available. Besides the one to Moraine Lake mentioned
above, there is the drive to Banff, already described (page 3). Last year the
road from Banff to Lake Louise was continued to Field. This leads west on a
high line to the Great Divide, and crossing to near Wapta Bungalow Camp at
Hector, follows the brawling Kicking Horse River. It is a spectacular ride and
links up with established roads in Yoho National Park. During the season, a
regular daily sight-seeing motor service leaves Lake Louise each morning, and
returns in the evening. On this drive one crosses the Great Divide, stopping at
Wapta Camp, Yoho Valley Camp, and Emerald Lake. In 1927 an extension
of the road will be opened from Field to Golden.
The Banff-Windermere motor trip, described under the heading of
"Motoring," can be commenced also from Lake Louise.  (See page 16.)
Page Seven Page Eight
(Above  left to right) Moraine Lake Camp—The Chateau Lake Louise—The Tea House at Lake Agnes.
(Below) Lake Louise, from the Chateau-j-The Swimming Pool— (Inset) Ptarmigan Lake.
Lake   Louise (Above) Moraine Lake and the gigantic semi-circle of the "Ten Peaks."—(Below, centre) Lake Louise and its vicinity— (Left) The
Giant s Steps, Paradise Valley— (Right) Paradise Valley from the Saddleback— (Inset) Saddleback Tea House
Lake   Louise
Page Nine Page Ten
(Above, left to right) The Abbot Pass Alpine Hut—Yoho Valley Camp—Wapta Camo
(Below, left) Lake O'Hara Camp— (Right) Wapta Camp— (Inset) A Mountain Creek
Bungalow   Camps The Kicking Horse Pass, near Field
From a Pastel by Leonard Richmond mmmmmmmma^
A Monarch of the Mountains
(Wapiti or Elk)
mmmm
.  . .'.  m/       ;;> ->>,  i;
Looking down the W River Valley at Banff
Showing the re-coiwted Banff Springs Hotel
The three pictures on this pagewom paintings by Carl Rungius, N. A.
The Rocky Mountain Bighorn
(Mountain Sheep) The Yoho Glacier, in the Beautiful Yoho Valley
From a Pastel by Leonard Richmond HAT TO DO IN
Yoho National Park (area 476 square miles) immediately adjoins Rocky
Mountains Park along the crest of the Great Divide. In this realm of winsome
beauty there are deep cool primeval forests, giant mountains, ancient white
expanses of glacier, foaming waterfalls, rushing rivers and lakes of jade and
sapphire. The Canadian Pacific Railway has opened up this magnificent
country to the tourist. Scattered here and there, at convenient points throughout the Park, are bungalow camps, chalets and tea houses where one may rest,
and eat and sleep and dream awhile before setting out again to discover what
lies behind the further distant peaks. All these are linked up by excellent motor
roads or trails.
Natural Either Field or Hector are the entry points to Yoho National Park.
Bridge From Field, nestling at the foot of Mount Stephen, a giant that
towers 6,500 feet above the little town, a fine motor road crosses the
blustering waters of the Kicking Horse and swings into the hush of a pine-
scented forest. Soon you reach Natural Bridge—an ineffectual effort on the
part of nature to curb the foaming passage of the Kicking Horse by choking the
river bed with huge boulders. A sturdy platform has been built across the
cataract for the convenience of visitors, and on the other side there is a charming
little tea house.
Emerald   At the end of a perfect drive of seven miles is Emerald Lake.con-
Lake sidered as one of the most exquisite spots in the whole of the Cana
dian Rockies. There it lies at the foot of the towering peaks, Wapta,
Burgess and President, mirroring in its surface with flawless accuracy every
detail of its wooded slopes. On its southern shore is the Chalet, built of great
squared timbers, fortress-like in their solidity, surrounded by log-cabin bungalows under the whispering trees. There is accommodation for about 120 guests
at Emerald Lake Chalet (open from June 15th to September 15th). Adjoining
the Chalet is a charming rustic building, generally referred to as the "clubhouse," where there is always a great log fire in the evening, a good floor for
dancing, books, and, most important of all, a sufficiency of comfortable chairs.
Emerald Lake has a fair supply of trout, and its vicinity affords many charming excursions on foot or by trail. There is a good trail all around the Lake,
which is the shortest four and a half miles you've ever walked, and perhaps the
loveliest, and another to Hamilton Falls.
Summit A little more ambitious is the trip to the Summit—the pass, that is to
say, leading into the Yoho Valley. The return journey can be made
in four hours afoot or by pony, but most people prefer to make it an all-day
affair. Following the road to the end of the Lake, you begin to climb up an
eighteen hundred foot treeless cliff, while more and more of world spreads out
beneath you, and Emerald Lake far below grows smaller and greener.
A last stiff pull and you are over the top, cantering gaily through a cool moist
forest, and then the Summit Teahouse flashes in the clearing, and Summit Lake,
green like Emerald, but not so large.
Burgess Pass Your objective on another day may be beyond Summit Lake,
round the shoulder of Wapta on to Burgess Pass, altitude 7,150
feet. It is a wonderful journey. The great crags of Wapta flaunt up to the left,
and to the right, at everystep, there appear higher up new visions of the President
Range. The guide can point out to you the way to the now well-known Burgess
Pass Fossil Quarry, which was discovered by Dr. Walcott in 1910, and has
yielded to science the finest and largest series of Middle Cambrian fossils yet
unearthed and the finest invertebrate fossils discovered in any formation.
Yoho Valley From Summit Lake you may take the trail leading down into
Yoho Valley, which can also be reached direct from Field or
Lake Louise by motor-road. This is one of the finest drives in the Rockies
(round Irip distance from Field, 22 miles; from Lake Louise, 42 miles). The
road, crossing the Kicking Horse River, follows the milky glacier-fed stream to
where it joins the Yoho River, near the entrance of the valley at Mount Field,
round which it swings, and up the valley until some precipitous cliffs are reached.
Up these it zigzags to a higher level, ending a short distance past the Takakkaw
Falls.
Takakkaw   Takakkaw, the stream that comes down from the Daly glacier, is
Falls 1,200 feet high.   It is not a river of water but a river of foam, which
drops with an oddly leisurely appearance, very much like a falling
of those rockets called Golden Rain.
Twin Falls Yoho Valley Bungalow Camp, which has accommodation for 64
is situated in a meadow within sight and sound of the Falls. It is
an ideal place for both riders and hikers, and the great affairs at Yoho are the
hikes. A beautiful trail winds up the valley to Twin Falls and Yoho Glacier,
passing Point Lace Falls, Angel's Stairs and Laughing Falls. Yoho Glacier lies
at the Valley's end, a breath-taking wonderful sight. The curved top is of a
whiteness beyond anything but that of what it is—neve snow. The lower
seracs are each individualized in the clear air, with subtle blue shadows. It does
not give a sense of horror as do some ice-fields; the beauty of it triumphs over
that.
For the majority the ride up the valley to the culminating glacier is enough
for one day, and fortunately there is no need to return, for opposite Twin Falls
(two fast columns that drop almost perpendicularly) is Twin Falls Cabin with
sleeping accommodation for five.
The High You return by the High Trail, mounting through Alpine meadows,
Trail carpeted with purple and white bryanthus, till you come out of the
scent of wild flowers and balsam high over Yoho Valley. The sense
of quiet disappears, and there comes to you as you ride along the edge of a sort
of natural bastion the roar of waters and a sigh of wind. Across the valley, the
great Waputik snowfield and Takakkaw Falls glimmer in the westerning sun
and you can pick out in that clear air the faint scar of the Canadian Pacific
track going into the Spiral Tunnels beyond the Kicking Horse River.
Two branch trails leave the High Trail and wind away through further peace
in the Little Yoho Valley, a beautiful lesser valley abutting the main one; but this
is another day's excursion.
Wapta Wapta Lake, a beautiful sheet of water that is the principal source of the
Kicking Horse River, lies high up near the Great Divide. The Canadian
Pacific circles one side with a station at Hector, while the new motor road from
Field to Lake Louise is on the other side. Since the opening of this new highway
it is possible to drive over from Yoho to Wapta, passing Kicking Horse Canyon,
where there is a charming Tea House.
Like most of the Rocky Mountain lakes, the color of Wapta is an indescribable green, varying in shade with every whim of the atmosphere—jade, emerald,
apple, grass—and looking frequently as though gallons of rich yellow cream had
been poured into it. On its shores is Wapta Bungalow Camp, with its community house and detached log cabins, which can accommodate altogether 58
guests. From the camp you can see stern Mount Stephen (named after the first
President of the Canadian Pacific), Victoria with her gleaming opalescent
scarf of snow and ice, Narao and Cathedral Crags. Two and a half miles of
beautifully wooded trail will take you to Sherbrooke Lake, which lies in a
depression between Mount Ogden and Paget Peak. Here there is excellent
fishing. In another direction is Ross Lake hidden between Niblock and Narao.
LakeO'Hara Lake O'Hara lies eight miles south of Wapta, andean be
reached by a splendid trail. Gaining the top of a barren plateau
on the other side of Lake Wapta you can look back on the Bungalow Camp,
which lies like a toy village strewn on the slope of Paget Peak. The trail winds
on, now ascending, now descending, first through a jade temple of a forest,
thence into an Alpine flower garden, where the botanist could count seventy-
five varieties of wild flowers in half as many minutes. Delicate as a muted
harmony, many of them; others flame with regal insolence, and the whole
meadow is so thickly carpeted that picking your way through it without damaging some of the blossoms is utterly impossible.  The siren-song of a cascade calls;
you push on, passing through a grove of spruces, and the richly colored waters
of Lake O'Hara invite your admiration. One's eyes are drawn up and up to the
glorious peaks that stand guard about this lovely lake, the joy and despair of
artists—Wiwaxy's jagged top sharply defined against the skyline, the towering
mass of Huber, the white splendour of Victoria and Lefroy, and the encircling
majesty of Yukness, Hungabee, Biddle, Schaeffer and Odaray, with the vast
towers of Cathedral in the distance.
The Camp The new Lake O'Hara Bungalow Camp is situated on the very
edge of the Lake—an infinitely more beautiful site than the
former one, about a half a mile to the north. The Camp consists of a central
building and a group of log cabins, which together accommodate 38, the former
on the Swiss Chalet style, decorated in a rustic fashion. O'Hara does not
advertise modern luxuries, but its grate fires, comfortable chairs, hot and cold
water baths, simple but well-cooked meals, and beds that are a benediction to
tired bodies, at least take away the rough edges of camping life.
Lake Everybody who visits O'Hara takes the trip to Lake McArthur,
McArthur termed by many world-wide travellers the grandest lake in the
world. The trail is good, and leads through meadow-lands and
up the ruggy stony shoulder of Mount Schaeffer, from whence there is a superb
view of Ottertail Valley. McArthur is one of the largest lakes at such a high
altitude (7,359 feet) in the mountains. It is cupped in the Biddle amphitheatre,
absolutely barren of trees, and overhung on one side by Schaeffer and on the
other side by Park Mountain. Far down McArthur is every conceivable shade
of blue—aquamarine, sapphire, cerulean; a glorious gem, its surface covered with
dancing points of silver—a vast shield of damascened steel.
Lake Oesa Lake Oesa is more inaccessible than McArthur. One follows the
trail around the lake from the Chalet to the foot of the Seven
Sisters Waterfall and clambers up a steep bit to a plateau, and more steep bits to
higher plateaus. In the bosom of the highest one of all is Lake Oesa, which is
smaller than either O'Hara and McArthur, and neither so green as the one, nor
so blue as the other. The very spirit of silence broods over Oesa. In its serenity
it seems to be as remote from the living world as if it were in the moon.
Abbot Pass From Oesa you can cross Abbot Pass and descend to Lake
Louise. (See page 7.) This is not a trip for the unseasoned, the
inexperienced, or the foolhardy, for it is on foot over the glaciers; but provided
you have a sturdy constitution, a Swiss guide, proper climbing clothes, and
about eight hours of fair weather, you can make this magnificent excursion
easily enough. Arrangements for a guide may be made at either of the starting
points, Lake O'Hara or Lake Louise, preferably the latter.
A Circle   Yoho National Park offers every inducement to linger for weeks; but
Trip        by means of these bungalow camps, which serve as focal points for
the fine series of roads, it is possible to visit it thoroughly in five days,
without retracing one's steps.   The following is one suggested itinerary:—
First day—motor from Field to Emerald Lake and sleep there.
Second day—ride over Yoho Pass to Yoho Camp. Lunch there and ride on to
Twin Falls.    Sleep there.
Third day—ride back to Yoho Camp and sleep there.
Fourth day—motor to Wapta Camp Lunch there, and ride to Lake O'Hara
Camp.  Sleep there.
Fifth day—ride back to Wapta Camp and sleep there.
Dennis and A very fine one-day climbing trip, commencing at Field, and
Duchesnay traversing the gap (Dennis Pass) between Mount Stephen and
Passes Mount  Dennis,  and from there  to  Duchesnay Pass.    The
descent is made to a beautiful valley under the shadow of the
precipitous crags of Mount Odaray, the valley being followed until the Lake
O'Hara trail is reached. The return from Lake O'Hara is made by the trail to
Wapta Camp.
Page Eleven Page Twelve
/«  , (Above, left to right) The Kicking Horse Road—Summit Lake Tea House—Lake Oesa
(Below, left) Emerald Lake Chalet-(*W) Lake McArthur-(Inset) K^^H^^^T^ House
Yoho    National    Park . (Above, left to right) Riding out to Yoho—Lake O'Hara—The Road to Emerald Lake
(Below, centre) Map of Yoho Park-(Le/fO Takakkaw Falls, Yoho Valley-(Right) Mount Burgess and Emerald Lake
Yoho    National    Park
Page Thirteen RIDING— CLIMBING X ROCKIE
On to the Pacific
The Selkirks From Yoho Park the Canadian Pacific descends into the great
"Columbia River Trench" between the Rockies proper and the
second of the great ranges that form the backbone of all North America, the
Selkirks; and then, climbing again, enters another National Park.
Glacier Park, covering an area of 468 square miles, differs very noticeably
from the other parks of the Canadian Pacific Rockies. It has an atmosphere
of austere majesty and high loveliness. The Selkirk Range, smaller in size than
the Rocky Mountains, is geologically much older; the tooth of time was already
gnawing its scarred sides when the Rockies were first pushed up from the crumpled sea-bottom. With its massive peaks and giant glaciers, Glacier Park has
somewhat of an air of isolation and mystery. For the visitor, it offers a remarkably delightful and exhilarating atmosphere—probably the best in all the
mountains. Surrounding it, too, are some dense forests of fine trees, of great
age; these will be particularly noticed on the way to Nakimu Caves.
At the present time, however, there is no hotel or camp accommodation in the
Park.
Mount Revelstoke The westward journey from Glacier is downhill towards
Park the Pacific.   About 10 miles from Glacier Park, Mount
Revelstoke Park begins; this new National Park, 100 square
miles in area, and altogether a mountain-top one, provides a wonderful automobile trip. A road, as hard and smooth as a city boulevard, has been constructed by the Dominion Government to the summit. The distance from Revelstoke city to this point is 19 miles, and the drive takes about two hours.
The glory of the ride is the remarkable view that can be obtained all the way
up of the valley below, flat as a floor—the Selkirks to the south-east, the Mona-
shee Range to the south-west, and the Columbia and Illecillewaet rivers twisting
like ribbons around the city.
The Canyons Sicamous, some 45 miles farther, is the junction point for the
fertile OkanaganValley, to the south; it is also a favorite stopping
over point for those who wish to view the mountain panorama entirely by daylight. A charming hotel is operated here by the Canadian Pacific. Shuswap
Lake, upon which the station stands, affords excellent boating and fine trout
fishing. At Kamloops the impressive canyon scenery of the Thompson River
begins, heightened later by the Fraser River, the principal river of British
Columbia.
Harrison Some seventy miles after leaving Vancouver, and situated about
Hot Springs five milesfrom Agassiz Station, is the delightful resort of Harrison
Hot Springs. Located on Harrison Lake, a large and picturesque
body of water that flows into the Fraser River from the north, this resort has
sulphur and potash hot springs of great curative and medicinal values; and last
year a new and attractive hotel, with which are combined a covered swimming
pool and private Turkish baths, was opened that serves as a focus for the district. Splendid opportunities are available for fishing, hunting, trap shooting,
boating, tennis and horseback riding, while a new 9-hole golf course is being constructed.
Trail Riding
The Reference is made at various points in this publication to saddle-
Moun- pony trips. A trail trip into the depths of the mountains forms,
tain Pony indeed, the most enjoyable way of visiting beautiful spots that would
not otherwise be easily accessible. It affords good scenery,^often
good fishing, and a glimpse into the heart of nature which will be worth "more
than many books."
The mountain pony, mountain-bred, fool-proof, untiring, can be ridden by
practically anyone, whether he or she has ever before been on a horse or not.
From all hotels and bungalow camps in the Canadian Pacific Rockies, there are
good roads and trails radiating in all directions, which are kept up by the
National Parks Department. In Rocky Mountains Park alone there are 700
miles of good trails.   Some trail trips are of one day's duration only; others
Page Fourteen
stretch over several days, necessitating carrying camping outfit. It is customary
on all long trips, and even on some short ones, to engage guides who supply
horses, tents, food, etc., and do the necessary cooking. The new Circle Trail
Ride starting from Lake Louise will, however, simplify the problem of
packhorses, as every night but one will be spent in a bungalow camp.
Trail Riders Those who have ridden fifty miles or upwards in the Canadian
Rockies are qualified for membership in the Trail Riders of the
Canadian Rockies, which, by its annual pow-wow, affords an unusual opportunity
for those interested in trail-riding to get together. The aims of the Trail
Riders' Association are, principally, to "encourage travel on horseback through
the Canadian Rockies; to foster the maintenance and improvement of old trails
and the building of new trails; to advocate and practise consideration for horses,
and to promote the breeding of saddle horses suitable for high altitudes; to
foster good-fellowship among those who visit and live in these glorious mountains;
to encourage the love of out-door life, the study and conservation of birds, wild
animals and Alpine flowers; to protect the forests against fire; to assist in every
way possible to ensure the complete preservation of the National Parks of
Canada for the use and enjoyment of the public; to create an interest in Indian
customs, costumes and traditions; to encourage the preservation of historic
sites as related to the fur-trade and early explorers, and to co-operate with other
organizations with similar aims."
Membership is of several grades, according to the distance ridden, viz.:—50,
100,500, 1,000 and 2,500 miles.
This Year's The Annual Official ride of the Trail Riders of the Canadian
Ride Rockies will be from Banff to Mount Assiniboine and returning
via the Simpson Pass; it starts on August 4th and lasts six days.
Rates $70.00. Reservations must be made at least fourteen days in advance
to the Secretary-treasurer, Mr. J. M. Gibbon, Room 324, Windsor Station,
Montreal.
In addition to this official ride, circle trail rides will be operated weekly during
July and August around the Bungalow Camps from Lake Louise on a trip
lasting six days. Another circle trail ride will be operated weekly from Banff to
Stoney Creek, Sawback Lakes and Mystic, with good fishing en route. This
trip takes four days. These circle rides will be operated under the auspices of
the Trail Riders of the Canadian Rockies and under the direction of Colonel
Phil. A. Moore. Riders on the Banff Circle Trail Ride must bring their own
sleeping bags and blankets.
Rates for both these circle trail rides are undecided at time of going to press,
but will probably be about $10.00 per day.
Mountain Climbing
The Delights It is difficult to imagine anything more fascinating than to start
of Climbing out in the early morning, stepping in half an hour from the perfect civilization of a luxurious hotel into the primitive glory of
cliff and crag, winding waterway and frozen grandeur, to spend the day among
the mountains. With a blue sky overhead, the air soft with the sweet resinous
spice of the forest, and all cares left far behind, one sees only beautiful sights,
hears only wonderland sounds, and for a whole long day lives close to the very
heart of Nature in her most splendid mood.
The Canadian Pacific Rockies present to the mountain climber one of the
most extensive and interesting fields of any easily accessible ranges of the world.
Noted climbers make their way thither from all parts of the world. But let not
the novice be daunted; there are easy climbs aplenty for him to graduate from—
on some, indeed, he (or she, in fact) can ride or walk good trails almost to the
summit, while on others a short scramble will bring him to his goal. Lake Louise
and Glacier are the two favorite centres for Alpine climbing.
Easy Climbs Here are a few of the easy climbs. At Banff there are Tunnel and
Sulphur Mountains, both of which have good trails to the top.
Rundle, Cascade and Stoney Squaw, Norquay and Aylmer Mountains, which
are a little more difficult and should not be attempted by an absolutely inexperienced climber, have trails only part way.
At Lake Louise easy climbs are to be found in the Beehive, Mount St. Piran,
Saddle Mountain and Mount Fairview, all of which have trails to the summits.
Harder Climbs For the hard-bitten enthusiast there are many really difficult
climbs, which should not be attempted except by experienced
climbers and with the assistance of Swiss guides. Some of these may be enumerated here.
At Banff there are Mounts Edith and Louis.
At Lake Louise there are Mounts Aberdeen, Whyte, Victoria, Lefroy, Hunga-
bee, Temple, Pinnacle and Deltaform and Abbot Pass (altitude 9,588 feet), at
whose summit is an Alpine Hut.
At Field, Mount Stephen. At Emerald Lake, Mounts President,Vice-President, Burgess and Wapta.
The Alpine     An active Alpine Club, with over 500 members, and head-
Club quarters at Banff, holds a camp each year in the Canadian
Rockies, and welcomes those who have the ambition to climb,
or are interested in mountains. The Canadian Pacific Railway has several
experienced Swiss guides attached to its mountain hotels. These guides came
originally from Europe, but now have a picturesque little colony of their own at
Edelweiss, near Golden, B.C.
Hints to It should go without saying that no climbing, hiking or riding
Outdoors Folk trip in the mountains should be undertaken without suitable
clothing and equipment. Neither form of recreation can be
enjoyed in comfort without making proper provision. Above everything else,
good stout boots are the most important item. Women will find their ordinary
clothes absolutely useless, and even dangerous; and for that matter men, too,
need to be suitably dressed. Intending outdoors folk should obtain copy of a
little leaflet, "What to Wear in the Rockies," written by Vai A. Fynn, and obtainable through Canadian Pacific agents or from Canadian Pacific Hotels.
Bungalow Camps
Bungalow camps have been established at several points in the Canadian
Pacific Rockies, both to supplement the capacity of the hotels and also to provide accommodation of a somewhat different kind. These camps make a special
appeal to the climber, the trail rider or the hiker; they are, on the whole, less
formal than the hotels. The accommodation provided consists of separate log
bungalows clustering around a large central building which serves as the dining
and community house. In some cases they are supplemented by small tea
houses at outlying points.
The Bungalow Camps are as follows:
IN YOHO PARK
Yoho Valley Camp—with Summit Lake Tea-House between it and Emerald
Lake, and Twin Falls Tea-House in the upper Yoho Valley.
Wapta Camp—with Kicking Horse Canyon Tea-House between it and Field,
and Natural Bridge Tea-House between Field and Emerald Lake.
Lake O'Hara Camp—with Abbot Pass Hut and Plain of Six Glaciers Hut
between it and Lake Louise.
MORAINE LAKE
Moraine Lake Camp—with Saddleback Tea-House between Paradise Valley
and Lake Louise.
BANFF-WINDERMERE AUTOMOBILE HIGHWAY
Storm Mountain Camp.
Vermilion River Camp.
Radium Hot Springs Camp.
Lake Windermere Camp.
We have issued another booklet, "Bungalow Camps in the Canadian Pacific
Rockies," containing much fuller descriptive matter and a large-scale trail map.
Copies can be obtained of Canadian Pacific agencies. (Above, left to right) At Lake Louise—A Far Glimpse of Mount Assiniboine—Early Morning in Camp.
(Below, left to right) A Wayside Drink—High Above the World—Lunch with AI Fresco.
Trail   Riding
Page Fifteen TDOOR  LIFE rBt   ROCKIC/
Motoring
The comprehensive programme of road-construction carried on by the
National Parks Department of the Canadian Government during the past few
years will reach a high point this coming summer with the completion of the
"Kicking Horse Trail." This, linking up with other roads, will provide a wonderful circle trip embracing the chief points in Rocky Mountains Park, Yoho Park,
Kootenay Park and the Columbia Valley.
Kicking Horse The first section of the "Kicking Horse Trail" is that de-
Trail scribed under Lake Louise (page 7), as the Lake Louise-
Field Road, which continues the Banff-Lake Louise Road.
From this, branch roads lead to Emerald Lake or the Yoho Valley. The second
section, which will be open this year, is from Field along the Kicking Horse River
to Leanchoil, at the western boundary of Yoho Park. Here it will connect with a
new British Columbia provincial highway to Golden. From Golden an existing
road runs south to Lake Windermere and Cranbrook, joined by the Banff-
Windermere Automobile Highway.
It will thus be possible to make a complete circuit; and during the summer of
1927, commencing in June after the opening of the new road, a very fine Three
Day Circle Tour will be inaugurated. This will be operated as follows: First
day, Banff or Lake Louise to Storm Mountain, Marble Canyon, Vermilion
River and Radium Hot Springs. Second day, Radium Hot Springs to Golden,
Kicking Horse River, Natural Bridge and Emerald Lake. Third day, Emerald
Lake to Yoho Valley, Great Divide, Lake Louise, Johnston Canyon and Banff.
The trip can of course be made in the reverse direction, or begun at any
intermediate point.    Hotels and bungalow camps provide ideal stopping places.
Regular daily sight-seeing services are operated during the summer from
Banff to Lake Louise and from Lake Louise to Field. This summer other
services will be in operation over the new section mentioned above, including
the three-day trip already mentioned. A regular sight-seeing service is also
operated between Banff or Lake Louise and Lake Windermere. For particulars
of these, see tariffs of the motor companies. Motor cars can also be hired at
Banff, Lake Louise/Emerald Lake, etc., for other trips.
Banff-Windermere The Banff-Windermere road, pioneer and still the leader
Road of these mountain roads, is the Canadian end of the
great highroad which leaves Portland, Oregon, under the
name of the Columbia Highway. It is also an important link in the Grand Circle
Tour, linking Crater Lake National Park, Yosemite National Park, Grant
National Park, Sequoia National Park, Grand Canyon, Arizona, Yellowstone
Park, Glacier Park (Montana), and Waterton Lakes Park with the Rocky
Mountains Park of Canada. This highway, coming from the south, crosses into
Canada a little east of Waterton Lakes Park, Alberta, passing through MacLeod,
Claresholm and High River into Calgary. From Calgary west it utilizes the
Calgary-Banff road.
From Banff on Lake Louise, the route is to Castle Mountain, where it takes a
more southerly course, crossing the Bow and rising to the Vermilion Pass
(altitude 5,264 feet). Here it enters Kootenay Park. From Marble Canyon, the
road then follows the Vermilion River to its junction with the Kootenay River.
This again it crosses and follows through a beautiful avenue through virgin
forest, then ascending the Sinclair Pass between the Briscoe and Stanford
Ranges. Turning westerly again, it reaches Radium Hot Springs, and emerging
through the gap of Sinclair Canyon, meets the Columbia River about nine miles
north of Lake Windermere. The highroad follows the east side of Lake Windermere and the Kootenay River, through Canal Flats and Fort Steele, to Cranbrook. Thence it is for «ome miles the same as the Red Trail Route (see below),
but near the International boundary it turns south through Idaho to Spokane,
continuing thence by way of the Columbia Highway to Portland and so on to
California.
Halts en Route   Banff has its hotels, and so has Lake Windermere; but the
scenery between is too beautiful to rush through without stops
by the way.  To afford accommodation to those making this trip, the Canadian
Pacific has erected four bungalow camps, which are operated by lessees.
Page Sixteen
These halts for meals or sleeping accommodation are conveniently spaced as to
distance. They are Storm Mountain Bungalow Camp (26 miles), Vermilion
River Camp (50 miles), Radium Hot Springs Camp (91 miles), and Lake Windermere Bungalow Camp. Each has a central club house for dining and recreational purposes, and sleeping accommodation in separate log bungalows or
canvas houses. Storm Mountain, Vermilion River and Radium Hot Springs
Camps have each many attractions, and a great many tourists take advantage
of their sleeping accommodation and stay overnight.
Lake Windermere Camp is a centre for excursions up Toby Creek and Horse
Thief Creek to the great ice fields of the Selkirks, notably the Lake of the
Hanging Glaciers, where eight distinct glaciers empty into one Alpine lake.
There are curative hot springs at Sinclair and Fairmont. Bathing, riding,
boating, fishing, motoring can be enjoyed on the shores of this beautiful warm-
water lake, and Alpine climbers can use the camp as headquarters for expeditions into the Selkirks. There is good trout fishing in nearby creeks and some of
the smaller lakes.
Upper Columbia    An alternative to the Banff-Lake Windermere road is to
Valley traverse the Upper Columbia Valley between Golden and
Lake Windermere. This drive, through Spillimacheen,
in full view of the snow-capped Rockies on one side and of the Selkirks on the
other, is well worth taking, and it connects at Golden with the new road to
Field.  (See above.)
Crow's Nest What is sometimes called the Red Trail Route, forming the inter-
Pass Route provincial highway from the prairies to British Columbia, uses
the Crow's Nest Pass. Beginning at Medicine Hat and passing
through Lethbridge and MacLeod, it follows for some distance the windings
of the Old Man River. At Crow's Nest British Columbia is entered, and thence
descent is made to Fernie, where good mountain climbing, hunting and fishing
are to be obtained.
From Fernie onwards we are within the sphere of influence of the important
Kootenay River. The next important point is Cranbrook, a very attractive
town, the centre of a rich silver-lead mining and farming district. Here the
road from Lake Windermere joins us from the North. Still descending, we reach
Kuskanook, on the east side of Kootenay Lake. At this point cars may be
run on to steamers and transported across Kootenay Lake to Nelson.
Waterton Lakes    Waterton Lakes Park (referred to on page 2 of folder) can
Park be reached by road from either Pincher Creek, on the Red
Trail Route, or from Cardston or Glenwoodville on the
Blue Trail Route south of MacLeod. The Waterton Lakes are noted for the
great size and weight of the trout caught in them.
Fishing in the Rockies
Many Fine There are a great many spots in the Canadian Pacific Rockies
Trout Waters offering splendid inducements for the angler. Five varieties
of game fish have their habitat in the waters of the Rocky
Mountains National Park, the cut-throat, lake, Dolly Varden, bull and brook
trout. Good fishing can be obtained in the Bow River upstream and downstream, the Vermilion Lakes, Lake Minnewknka, Mystic Lake, Sawback Lakes,
Spray River, the Spray Lakes, and the Lovkr Kananaskis Lake.
Around Lake Louise, reasonably good fishing can be obtained in the Pipestone River, Consolation Lake, and the Upper Bow Lakes. The open season for
fishing in the national parks is from July list to September 30th, inclusive.
Between Lake Louise and the Pacific Coast there are numerous
points well worth the attention of the angler, among which
British
Columbia
Sicamous and Kamloops deserve special mention. The former is a
good centre, at the head of the celebrated Shuswap Lakes, and comfortable
headquarters can be established at the Canadian Pacific hotel adjoining the
station. Shuswap Lake has the reputation of containing more varieties of
trout and other fish (including steelhead trout and land-locked salmon) than
any water in British Columbia. Kamloops, at the junction of the north and
south branches of the Thompson River, is an excellent centre for the fly fisherman, and within easy reach are several fine waters. The lower stretches of both
the Thompson and Fraser Rivers have good fishing at numerous points.
Full information as to fishing possibilities in the different localities, with
advice as to regulations, etc., will be gladly furnished on request by the General
Tourist Agent, Canadian Pacific Railway, Montreal, Que. There is a Fishing
Inspector at the office of the Superintendent of Rocky Mountains Park, at
Banff.
Hunting
While hunting is forbidden within the National Parks in the Canadian
Pacific Rockies, there is magnificent sport to be had outside the Park limits,
and the Canadian Pacific Railway hotels and bungalow camps are good starting
points for some of the best hunting grounds. The bear, the mountain goat, the
Rocky Mountain sheep (the "Bighorn"), the moose and the caribou are the
chief animals hunted. The principal hunting districts are the Lilloet, Cariboo,
and East Kootenay regions, while the British Columbia coast and the country
inland from it afford almost virgin territory. The Cassiar country, back of the
B.C. coast, is one of the finest and most celebrated sporting regions of this
continent.
Full information as to hunting possibilities in the different localities of the
mountains and the British Columbia coast, with lists of outfitters, guides, etc.,
is contained in a series of bulletins issued by the Canadian Pacific Railway, and
which will be gladly furnished upon request by the General Tourist Agent,
Montreal, Que.
Ranch Life in the Foothills
At three places in the foothills of the Canadian Pacific Rockies, the visitor
can now experience all the novelties of ranch life interspersed with romantic
excursions into the near-by mountains, good trout fishing, and in season excellent
big-game hunting, including grizzly bear, mountain goat, and mountain sheep.
These are:—
Kananaskis Ranch, in Rocky Mountains Park, near the Indian Reservation
at Morley, about forty miles east of Banff. (Address C. B. Brewster,
Kananaskis, Alta.)
The T. S. Ranch, near High River, and near the famous "Bar U" Ranch and
the "E. P." Ranch, belonging to the Prince of Wales. Conducted by Guy
Weadick, manager of the Calgary Stampede.   (P.O. Address, Longview, Alta.)
Buffalo Head Ranch, an old-established ranch also near the "E. P.," with
several miles of frontage on the beautiful Highwood River. (Address, George
W. Pocaterra, Pekisko P.O., Alta.,
Full information on accommodation, sports, etc., may be secured from any of
the above.
The Calgary Stampede
Alberta, always a country of considerable stock-raising interests, is still one of
the principal ranching sections of the West; and in the "Stampede" held at
Calgary, the glories of the Old West are revived annually in a week's carnival of
frontier sports and contests. The Calgary Stampede has now become a famous
frontier-day celebration, and contestants come from all parts of the continent.
It will be held in 1927 from July 11th to 16th, and visitors to the Canadian
Pacific Rockies should by all means stop off at Calgary and participate.
Map of the Rockies
We draw your attention to the large map of the Canadian Pacific Rockies
which is insetted into this booklet. This map, compiled upon a plan which we
believe is new to this country, illustrates in a very graphic manner the territory
embraced in the Canadian Pacific Rockies, from Calgary to Sicamous. It can
also be obtained separately, and we shall be glad to supply copies. Address
Canadian Pacific agencies, or General Publicity Department, Canadian Pacific
Railway, Montreal. Outdoor   Life    in   the   Rockies
Page Seventeen WHAT TO DO AT VANCOUVER*""
Vancouver Vancouver, the terminal of Canadian Pacific transcontinental
rail lines and of its trans-Pacific steamship routes, is the largest
commercial centre in British Columbia. It has an excellent harbor nearly
land-locked and fully sheltered, facing a beautiful range of mountains. Two
peaks, silhouetted against the sky, and remarkably resembling two couchant
lions, are visible from almost any point in the city or harbor, which has been
appropriately called "The Lions' Gate." The city is most picturesquely
situated on Burrard Inlet, surrounded by beautiful environs of varied character.
All kinds of water sports are available, and are encouraged through a mild
climate and extensive bodies of water. There are many bathing beaches, parks,
boulevards, automobile roads, and paved streets.
The magnificent Hotel Vancouver is the finest hotel of the North Pacific,
with 490 guests' bedrooms. Wonderful views of the Straits of Georgia can be
obtained from the roof garden of this hotel.
Canada's Pacific Port Vancouver is a highly important port. From
here the well-known Canadian Pacific "Princess"
steamers offer splendid service to Victoria, Seattle, Northern British Columbia,
and Alaska. Canadian Pacific "Empress" steamships cross the Pacific to Japan,
China and the Philippines. The Canadian-Australasian Line runs regularly
from Vancouver to Honolulu, Suva (Fiji), New Zealand and Australia.
In and around Vancouver are immense lumber and shingle mills. Mining,
lumbering, farming, shipbuilding, and shipping, with a vast Oriental business,
form the reason of the city's phenomenal growth and prosperity. From a
forest clearing forty years ago it has become one of the principal cities and most
important seaports of the North Pacific Coast.
Motoring The roads around the city are famous for their excellence, and
there are many fine drives, varying from an hour to a day in time.
Amongst them may be mentioned Stanley Park—one of the finest natural parks
in the world, a primeval forest right within the city limits and containing
thousands of Douglas firs and giant cedars of a most amazing size and age. The
park is encircled by a perfect road, nine miles in length. The "Marine Drive"
takes the visitor through the best residential parts of the city, including Shaughnessy Heights and Point Grey, thence to the mouth of the Fraser River, with its
fleets of salmon trawlers, and back along the coast past bathing beaches and golf
links.
Capilano Canyon a gorge of great natural beauty, in North Vancouver, is
reached by the newly completed bridge over the Second Narrows. The suspension bridge across the canyon, 200 feet above the roaring waters, is visited by
thousands of people annually. The Pacific Highway, including Kingsway,
runs through Vancouver, connecting up with the main American roads of the
Northwest. This road is paved all the way from Vancouver to Mexico. A
really magnificent drive is across the Second Narrows Bridge to the North
River, thence Grouse Mountain—a total of 16 miles from the Post Office, with
an average grade for the 8 miles of climb of 6.2 per cent.
One very fine drive is to New Westminster, which, founded in 1859, is an
important city on the Fraser River, with a very large lumbering industry and
a big shipping business.
Golf and Tennis Vancouver has seven good golf courses, all of them 18-hole
courses and all open to visitors. Included in them is Langara,
an 18-hole course owned and operated by the Canadian Pacific. There are a
number of good tennh clubs. Members of any recognized tennis club have the
privilege of membership in the Vancouver Tennis Club, which has eight courts
and a beautiful clubhouse.
Bathing and Boating There are numerous fine bathing beaches around
Vancouver. The most easily reached are English
Bay and Kitsilano—both on the street-car line. The scene at English Bay,
which lies at one entrance to Stanley Park, on a sunny afternoon is one of great
animation. Burrard Inlet, English Bay, and the North Arm are excellent
places also for bathing. Vancouver boasts of one of the finest yacht clubs on the
Pacific Coast, which extends a hearty welcome to members of recognized yacht
clubs.
Page Eighteen
Sporting A great variety of fishing can be obtained around Vancouver.
In season, salmon, spring, cohoe and tyee, steelheads, Dolly Varden,
rainbow, cut-throat, and sea trout are plentiful. Within easy reach of the city
there is also wonderful shooting. Grouse, duck, teal, mallard, snipe, pheasants
and partridges are plentiful in season. Lulu Island, Sea Island, the North
Shore and Seymour Flats are all within an hour of the Hotel Vancouver.
Steamer Trips Some fine steamer trips can be made from Vancouver. Chief
amongst them, perhaps, is the 4y2 hours' trip across the Gulf
of Georgia to Victoria. Then there is a particularly interesting trip to Nanaimo,
a cruise amongst the Gulf Islands, and others to Comox, Powell River, etc. An
excellent circle tour may be made by taking a "Princess" steamer to Victoria,
the E. & N. train from Victoria to Nanaimo, thence back to Vancouver by
steamer.
Many delightful short excursions are made by Canadian Pacific Coast
steamers during June, July and August, including one-day cruises to Jervis
Inlet, afternoon cruises to the Gulf Islands, etc. These are advertised in the
Vancouver newspapers.
From Vancouver, Canadian Pacific "Princess" steamers provide a service on
Puget Sound to Victoria and Seattle. Two magnificent new steamers, the
"Princess Kathleen" and the Princess Marguerite"— the fastest and finest in the
coastal service—have been added to this "Triangle Route."
SAVE THE FORESTS!
Canada's timber reserves are national assets of incalculable
value. To neglect to take ordinary precautions which insure
them against destruction from forest fires is to rob civilization.
Passengers on trains should not throw lighted cigar or cigarette
ends from car windows. Those who go into the woods—hunters,
fishermen, campers and canoeists—should consider it their
duty to exercise every care to prevent loss from fire.
Victoria Victoria is charmingly situated at the southern end of Vancouver
Island. Its delightful mild climate makes it a favorite resort for
both summer and winter, and owing to the characteristic beauty of its residential
district it has often been called "a bit of England on the shores of the Pacific."
It is distinctively a home city, with fine roads and beautiful gardens, although its
enterprising business district speaks of a rich commerce drawn from the fishing,
lumber, and agricultural industries of Vancouver Island. Victoria's beauty lies
in its residential districts, its boulevards, parks, public buildings, numerous
bathing beaches and semi-tropical foliage.
The Empress Hotel, last in the chain of Canadian Pacific hotels, overlooks the
inner harbor, within a stone's throw of the Parliament buildings. It is an hotel
of stately architecture, hospitable spirit, spacious atmosphere, and social
warmth.
Crystal Adjoining the Empress Hotel, the Crystal Garden, a new recreation
Garden  centre, is a remarkable attraction.    It contains one of the world's
largest enclosed salt-water swimming pools, conservatories, lounges,
two large dance halls, an art gallery, and facilities for other indoor amusements.
Beacon Hill Park One of the city's public parks, Beacon Hill Park contains 154 acres laid out as recreation grounds and
pleasure gardens, fifteen minutes' walk from the Empress Hotel and included
in all sight-seeing trips in the city. Magnificent views can be obtained from
Beacon Hill across the Straits of Juan de Fuca and of the Olympic Mountains
on the mainland.
Parliament Buildings Victoria is the capital of British Columbia. The
Parliament Buildings, which rank among the handsomest in America, overlook the inner harbor. Adjoining them is the Provincial
Museum, very complete and interesting, and containing a large assortment of
specimens of natural history, native woods, Indian curios and prehistoric instru
ments. The Provincial Library contains a large collection of historical prints,
documents, and other works of great value and interest, all of which are open to
the public.
Oak Bay Oak Bay is one of the principal residential districts of Victoria.
With an excellent hotel, it has facilities for boating and some fine
walks along the sea front.
Brentwood Near Brentwood, a charming resort on Saanich Inlet, about
fifteen miles from the city by motor stage or automobile, are
the beautiful and famous gardens of Mr. R. P. Butchart. In no part of America
can any more diversified gardens be found than these, for besides sunken
gardens there are acres of rose gardens, stretches of velvet lawns bordered with
flowers of every description, Italian gardens and a Japanese, or fairy garden.
Visitors are admitted without charge every day.
Saanich Mountain Reached by automobile or motor stage. The new
Observatory telescope, which has a 72-inch reflector, is the second
largest in the world. The observatory, in addition
to being of interest itself, commands from its site one of the finest views on the
Pacific Coast.
Golf Victoria can be considered as an approximation to the "golfer's paradise,"
for in its equable climate golf can be enjoyed every day of the year.
Three 18-hole and two 9-hole courses are open to visitors, and are all convenient to the city, well kept and of fine location. Guests at the Empress Hotel
have special privileges at the Colwood Golf and Country Club.
Sporting The fishing and shooting on Vancouver Island are of the best-
trout, salmon, grilse, pheasant, grouse, duck, cougar, bear, deer and
wolf being the prizes. Shawnigan Lake, Cowichan Lake, Sproat Lake, Great
Central Lake and Campbell River are amongst the most famous fishing waters
of this continent. There are also excellent bird shooting and big game hunting.
Sportsmen wishing fuller information should communicate with the Victoria and
Island Publicity Bureau, Victoria.
Motoring There are as many good motor trips radiating from Victoria
as from any other place in America. The roads are excellent, and
car owners from the United States who wish to tour Vancouver Island can bring
their cars into Canada for one month by simply signing a registration card
at point of entry; if a longer stay is made the usual bond is easily arranged at a
small cost. Among the popular trips are: Victoria, Marine Drive, and Mount
Douglas Park; Little Saanich Mountain Observatory and Brentwood; tour of
Saanich Peninsula; Sooke Harbor; the famous Malahat Drive to Shawnigan
and Duncan; Nanaimo, via Parksville to Cameron Lake, on over Alberni Summit; the Grand Island Highway Tour—Victoria, Duncan, Nanaimo, Cameron
Lake, Port Alberni, Qualicum and Campbell River, and the entire Georgian
Circuit International Tour, the greatest and most complete scenic tour on the
continent.
Automobile From Nanaimo to Vancouver, during the summer season of
Ferry 1927, the high-powered ferry steamer "Motor Princess" will
maintain an automobile ferry, with two round trips daily.
This fine vessel has accommodation for 50 cars, with dining room and observation rooms for passengers.
Strathcona Park   This is a new national park of 800 square miles, reached
by the E. & N. Railway to Courtenay, or by motor highway to upper Campbell Lake, and thence 15 miles by pack train.    The lakes
and streams abound with trout and salmon, and the motoring is excellent.
The West A very enjoyable steamer trip from Victoria is that to the
Coast primitive West Coast of Vancouver Island, whose rugged fiord
like scenery closely resembles that of Norway.    This trip is made
by the "Princess Maquinna" three times a month.
A separate booklet, "Victoria and Vancouver Island," can be obtained from
any Canadian Pacific agent. (Above, left to right) English Bay—Vancouver from the Roof Garden—In Stanley Park (c) Bullen.
(Below, centre) Automobile Routes from Vancouver— (Left) The Hotel Vancouver— (Right) Salmon Pool, Capilano.
Vancouver
Page Nineteen Page Twenty
(Above   left to right) The Empress Hotel—Fishing near Victoria—The Crystal Garden.
(Below, centre) Automobile Routes from Victoria -(Also) Oak Bay Golf Club—The Butchart Gardens.
Victoria  ROCKY MOUNTAINS PARK * YOHO PARK
KOOTENAY PARK * GLACIER PARK.
REYELSTOKE PARK
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"V%mMMJ    M) CANADIAN PACIFIC AGENCIES THROUGHOUT THE WORLD
CANADA AND UNITED STATES
Atlanta Georgia—E. G. Chesbrough, General Agent Passenger Dept 49 N. Forsyth St.
Banff Alberta—J. A. McDonald, District Passenger Agent C. P. R. Station
Boston Massachusetts—L. R. Hart, General Agent Passenger Dept 405 Boylston St.
Buffalo New York—H. R. Mathewson, General Agent Passenger Dept  160 Pearl St.
Calgary Alberta—G. D. Brophy, District Passenger Agent C. P. R. Station
Chicago Illinois—T. J. Wall, General Agent Rail Traffic 71 East Jackson Blvd.
Cincinnati Ohio—M. E. Malone, General Agent Passenger Dept 201 Dixie Terminal Bldg.
Cleveland  .Ohio—G. H. Griffin, General Agent Passenger Dept 1010 Chester Ave.
Detroit Michigan—G. G. McKay, General Agent Passenger Dept 1231 Washington Blvd.
Edmonton Alberta—C. S. Fyfe, City Passenger Agent C. P. R. Bldg.
Fort William Ontario—A. J. Boreham, City Passenger Agent 404 Victoria Ave.
Guelph Ontario—W. C. Tully, City Passenger Agent. 30 Wyndham St.
Halifax Nova Scotia—A. C. McDonald, City Passenger Agent 117 Hollis St.
Hamilton Ontario—A. Craig, City Passenger Agent Cor. King and James Sts.
Honolulu Hawaii—Theo. H. Davies & Co.
Juneau. Alaska—W. L. Coates, Agent.
Kansas City Missouri—R. G. Norris, City Passenger Agent 601 Railway Exchange Bldg.
Ketchikan  Alaska—F. E. Ryus, Agent.
Kingston Ontario—J. H. Welch, City Passenger Agent 180 Wellington St.
London Ontario—H. J. McCallum, City Passenger Agent 417 Richmond St.
Los Angeles California—W. Mcllroy, General Agent Passenger Dept 621 So. Grand Ave.
Milwaukee Wisconsin—F. T. Sansom, City Passenger Agent . 68 Wisconsin St.
Minneapolis Minnesjta—H. M. Tait, General Agent Passenger Dept -... .611 2nd Ave. South
Mnrif-rpal Onphpr  JR- G. Amiot, District Passenger Agent Windsor Station
iviont ^ueoec  |R c  Lydon> City passenger Agent 141 St. James St.
Moose Jaw Saskatchewan—T. J. Colton, Ticket Agent Canadian Pacific Station
Nelson British Columbia—J. S. Carter, District Passenger Agent Baker & Ward Sts.
New York New York—F. R. Perry, General Agent Rail Traffic Madison Ave. at 44th St
North Bay Ontario—L. O. Tremblay, District Passenger Agent 87 Main Street W.
Ottawa  Ontario—J. A. McGill, General Agent Passenger Dept 83 Sparks St.
Peterboro Ontario—J. Skinner, City Passenger Agent George St.
Philadelphia Pennsylvania—J. C. Patterson, Assistant General Agent Locust St. at 15th
Pittsburgh Pennsylvania—C. L. Williams, General Agent Passenger Dept 338 Sixth Ave.
Portland Oregon—W. H. Deacon, General Agent Passenger Dept 55 Third St.
Prince Rupert. . . .British Columbia—W. C. Orchard, General Agent.
Quebec Quebec—C. A. Langevin, General Agent Passenger Dept Palais Station
Regina Saskatchewan—J. W. Dawson, District Passenger Agent Canadian Pacific Station
Saint John  New Brunswick—G. B. Burpee, District Passenger Agent 40 King St.
St. Louis Missouri—Geo. P. Carbrey, General Agent Passenger Dept , 420 Locust St.
St. Paul Minnesota—W. H. Lennon, General Agent Passenger Dept. Soo Line... .Robert & Fourth Sts.
San Francisco California—F. L. Nason, General Agent Passenger Dept 675 Market St.
Saskatoon Saskatchewan—G. B. Hill, City Passenger Agent .. . . . 115 Second Ave.
Sault Ste. Marie Ontario—J. O. Johnston, City Passenger Agent 529 Queen St.
Seattle Washington—E. L. Sheehan, General Agent Passenger Dept 1320 Fourth Ave.
Sherbrooke Quebec—J. A. Metivier, City Passenger Agent 91 Wellington St. No.
Skagway Alaska—L. H. Johnston, Agent.
Spokane Washington—E. L. Cardie, Traffic Manager, Spokane International Ry.
Tacoma Washington—D. C. O'Keefe, City Passenger Agent 1113 Pacific Ave.
Toronto Ontario—Wm. Fulton, District Passenger Agent Canadian Pacific Bldg.
Vancouver British Columbia—F. H. Daly, District Passenger Agent Canadian Pacific Station
Victoria British Columbia—L. D. Chetham, District Passenger Agent 1102 Government St.
Washington.. .District of Columbia—C. E. Phelps, City Passenger Agent : 905 Fifteenth St., N.W.
Windsor Ontario—W. C. Elmer, City Passenger Agent 34 Sandwich St. West
Winnipeg Manitoba—C. B. Andrews, District Passenger Agent Main and Portage
EUROPE
Antwerp ' Belgium-
Belfast Ireland-
Birmingham England-
Bristol  England-
Brussels Belgium-
Glasgow  Scotland-
Hamburg Germany-
Liverpool England-
London  England
Manchester England-
Paris France-
Rotterdam  Holland-
Southampton  England-
•A. L. Rawlinson 25 Quai Jordaens
-Wm. McCalla 41-43 Victoria St.
-W. T. Treadaway 4 Victoria Square
-A. S. Ray 18 St. Augustine's Parade
-L. H. R. Plummer ,. .98 Blvd. Adolphe-Max
-W. Stewart 25 Bothwell St.
-T. H. Gardner Gansemarkt 3
-R. E. Swain Pier Head
C. E. Jenkins 62-65 Charing Cross, S.W. 1
G. Saxon Jones 103 Leadenhall St., E.C. 3
-J.'W. Maine 31 Mosley Street
-A. V. Clark 7 Rue Scribe
-J. Springett  .Coolsingel No. 91
-H. Taylor 7 Canute Road
ASIA
Hong Kong China—G. E. Costello, General Agent Passenger Dept.. v Opposite Blake Pier
Kobe Japan—E. Hospes, Passenger Agent. 7 Harima Machi
Manila Philippine Islands—J. R. Shaw, Agent 14-16 Calle David, Roxas Bldg.
Shanghai. - China—T. R. Percy, General Agent Passenger Dept 4 Bund
Yokohama Japan—A. M. Parker, General Agent Passenger Dept. No. 1 The Bund
AUSTRALIA, NEW ZEALAND, ETC.
J. Sclater, Traffic Manager, Can. Pac. Ry., for Australia and New Zealand,   Union House, Sydney, N.S.W.
A. W. Essex, Passenger Manager, Man. Pac. Ry., for New Zealand, Auckland, N.Z.
Adelaide South Australia—Macdonala, Hamilton & Co.
Auckland New Zealand—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Brisbane Queensland—Macdonald, Hamilton & Co.
Christchurch New Zealand—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Dunedin  New Zealand—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Fremantle West Australia—Macdonald, Hamilton & Co.
Hobart Tasmania—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Launceston Tasmania—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Melbourne Victoria—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.), Thos. Cook & Son.
Perth West Australia—Macdonald, Hamilton & Co.
Suva Fiji—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Sydney New South Wales—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
Wellington New Zealand—Union S.S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.) i.
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