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Resorts in Canadian Pacific Rockies Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1916

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Nature has thrown up the Canadian Rockies on so vast a
scale that the human mind with difficulty can grasp their
greatness except by some comparison. The transcontinental
trains take twenty-four hours to pass from Cochrane, at the
entrance to the Rockies, to Mission, some forty miles east
of Vancouver.   The simplest parallel is that of the Swiss
Alps, which throw their giant barrier between Italy and
France. Two of the best known railway routes across the
Swiss Alps are the St. Gothard and the Simplon, and in each
case five hours is all the time taken by the express through
trains—five hours on the St. Gothard route from Lucerne to
Como, five hours on the Simplon route from Lausanne to
Arona. When, therefore, Edward Whymper, the hero of
the Matterhorn, described the Canadian Pacific Rockies as
fifty Switzerlands thrown into one, this certainly was no
exaggeration. Snowy peaks, glaciers, rugged precipices,
waterfalls, foaming torrents, canyons, lakes like vast sapphires and amethysts set in the pineclad mountains—these
have been flung together in unpr: Ueled profusion on a
scale which  Europe has never  Known.
From the roofgarden of the Hotel Palisser in Calgary you
can see the foothills of the Rockies, dull blue with shining
peaks against the horizon. As the train glides westward up
the long transverse valleys, old grooves down which the spent
glaciers came from the higher mountains, the prospect grows
more awe-inspiring with every mile, till the train leaves the
foothills for the real Rockies, peaks that touch heaven for
The coloring is intense in the foregrounds; filled with soft
suggestion, with unguessed witchery of semi-tonal shade as
the prospect dips and fades away from you. The skies are
raw blue, the snow on the summits is whiter than sea-foam,
whiter than summer cloud, white with a glistening untouched
whiteness that cannot be named.
The still valleys are full of jade pine trees that fade into
amethyst and pearl distances. The spray of a 300-foot
cataract is like spun glass. The huge bulk of a tireless and
age-old glacier is milky green. The rocks are of every shade
and subtle blending that the palette of the First Artist could
produce. And the perspective effects are like nothing that
can be caught with the camera, or even splashed on canvas.
Here in this wonderworld, this bit of the raw glacial era
let down into neat and finished North America, the Canadian
Government has preserved three National Parks which dwarf
into insignificance any other parks in the world. There is
Rocky Mountain Park with headquarters at Banff; there is
Yoho Park, reached from Field and Emerald Lake; and there
is Glacier Park on the slopes of the Selkirk Mountains farther
west. Altogether there are nearly 170 miles of the most
wonderful carriage roads in the world; there are pony trails
innumerable where you can see, between straight pine trunks;
blue valleys that yawn to mid-most depths; and there are
automobile roads in being or under construction, such as
the Highway of the Great Divide, from Banff, over Vermilion Pass by way of the Sinclair Canyon to the Windermere
District of the Columbia Valley, down which it goes through
the deep forest to the Crows Nest Pass.
There are few achievements in history to parallel the laying
of the Canadian Pacific steel across untouched wilderness and
prairie to Calgary (which appeared like the magician's pillar
when the Road tapped the Plain) and from Calgary to the
Coast over the Kicking Horse and the Rogers Pass.
The track was laid despite unthinkable engineering difficulties; and has undergone one improvement after another
ever since.
In the old days the Royal train containing the present
King of England as a passenger was hauled from Field to
Hector by five huge locomotives. To-day that old 4.5 grade
is a carriage drive, one in the fairy spider-web of sightseeing
tours that radiate from Field. The main line now traverses
the valley of the Kicking Horse River between these two
stations with an increased length of 8.2 miles and a maximum
grade of 2.2 per cent.
Two of the tunnels were engineered in spiral form. The
first goes 3,206 feet into Mt. Stephen and out again,
issuing 48 feet higher up than it entered. The second
contains 2,890 feet of curving excavation and secures a rise
of 45 feet. The sightseer can therefore witness the strange
phenomenon of a railroad traversing the valley by three lines
at different elevations, crossing and recrossing the river by
four bridges. Two engines on the easy grade thus attained
can do the same work that used to call for four.
Before the close of 1917, the westbound expresses will
enter another and still more wonderful tunnel eighty-five
miles beyond Field. This will be a double-tracker, nearly five
miles in length. Which is more than three-quarters of a mile
longer than any other tunnel in North America.
So much for what the traveler sees en route. The stopping
places are even more unique than the mainline sights.
Banff, Lake Louise, Field, Emerald Lake, Glacier, Sicamous, Balfour — these have their hotels whose windows
open on fairyland, where music helps to pass the evening
after a glorious day, where the guests play golf among the
clouds. Fishing, hunting, climbing, riding, driving, exploring,
Alpine flower hunting, wonder-photo taking—these are the
frill-doings in the Rockies. The biggest and most solid
pleasure is just living—living where the air has never been
contaminated with soot, where you can go from summer to
snow any time you want to, where you don't need any alarm
clock to get you up, any cordial to put you to sleep, any
dinner bell to tell you when it's time to eat.
The dining room of the Banff Hotel seats 600 guests at a
time, and the cuisine is up to Canadian Pacific standard,
which is all one needs to say. The hot springs provide for
ideal swimming even on the coolest day, the zoo is perenially
interesting, the boating and fishing will live in the memory
of any one who gives them a trial. The Chateau Lake Louise
that smiles at you from the diner menu before you get to it,
is no less enchanting when you arrive. And you arrive
Whatever the visitor hits or misses, he must arrange to stay
over at Field. Never were there such carriage drives, such
pony trails, such two and three daytrips into the impenetrable silences. The Mount Stephen House carries a full
force of guides and horses, and the chalet at Emerald Lake
and camps in the Yoho Valley are always ready.
Nothing could be a more unique experience than to drive
out to Emerald Lake for lunch, afterward taking the high
line trail to Twin Falls. There is boating and fishing at the
cosy little chalet on the lake which lies, as green as English
grass, in its setting of sombre hills. When the trail bends
north toward the Falls, you climb into another world.   Across
P*gc Two $m
on a sky-high meadow, mountain goats browse on the close
grass that is the sole form of verdure at that altitude. You
pass over the torn and chiselled path of a primeval glacier,
like a vast dry torrent-bed. A marmot whistles earily, and
perhaps you catch a sight of his rock-grey head against the
door of his house. Now and then a porcupine scuttles quill-
fully ahead of you. Strange birds flare across the snow-
silences, as sudden as a spoken word.
The Twin Falls themselves are two huge roaring curtains
of spray, their feet hidden in perpetual mist that the sunshine
turns into rainbow dust.
The trail bends homeward here. You pass solemn little
emerald lakes in the nests of old cliff glaciers; you reach
Laughing Falls in eight miles; and later sight the never-to-
be-forgotten silver thread of Takakkaw where there is an
inviting camp, planted in the woodsy midst of cedars and
wild blueberry bushes.
This is just one of the Field trips. There is the two-day
jaunt to Ice River; the Misquay Trail; the McArthur Creek
trip where the fishing is super-excellent. Followed east and
north this trail comes to blue Lake McArthur, as bright as
a sapphire, with a wonderful white glacier perched like a
snow-drift above it. Lake O'Hara is another pilgrimage
spot with Lake Wapta en route, and Lake Sherbrooke
on the northern branch of the same trail. On the way
to the latter there are wild strawberry beds of vast
The Crows Nest Route of the Canadian Pacific is a postscript, crossing the Rockies farther south than the main
line. But many folks think that it lives up to postscript
traditions by carrying some of the most important information. At Balfour on Kootenay Lake there is a pretty and
comfortable hotel, and the visitor who would fully and faithfully see Rockyland should go by way of Banff, Lake Louise,
Field and Glacier on the main line, then dip southward via
Revelstoke and the Arrow Lakes to the Kootenays, or by
the Okanagan Valley or the new Kettle Valley Railway to
Southern British Columbia. There are wonderfully beautiful waters and mountains all the way.
The Kettle Valley Railway is the youngest twig on the
Canadian Pacific tree. It opens. the charming big-fruit
country of the Okanagan.
from   Montreal
Situated in the heart of the Rocky Mountain Park of
Canada, a great national playground covering an area of
over 2,000 square miles.
The park is plentifully supplied with trails radiating in
every direction.
At Banff the Canadian Pacific has erected a first-class
mountain hotel, with dining rooms capable of seating 600
people at a time. This Hotel has its own Sulphur Swimming Pool with fresh water pool adjoining. Expert masseurs
are in attendance at the Turkish Baths attached.
(Altitude, 5,550 feet.) Situated on the wooded slopes of
Sulphur Mountain and two and three-quarters miles from
the Bow River Bridge, are highly curative.
(Altitude 4,960 feet.) Are distant one mile from the
Bow River Bridge. Here the Canadian Government has
erected a handsome swimming bath.
Near the junction of the Spray and Bow rivers and three
minutes' walk from the Canadian Pacific Railway Hotel,
one of the most beautiful spots in Banff, the banks of the
river at the falls being fringed with superb trees and the
precipitous crags of Mt. Edith making a perfect background.
(Altitude, 5,510 feet.) Lying between Cascade and
Rundle Mountains, on the east side of the Bow Falls, is
distant three miles by pony trail and is an easy walk. The
summit commands a fine view of Rundle Mountain, the
Goat Range, the Valleys of the Bow and Spray, Sulphur
Mountain, the Vermillion Lakes, and Lake Minnewanka.
A long wooded ridge rising to an elevation of 7,455 feet.
A good trail zigzags up to the summit on which is a tiny
observatory. A beautiful bird's-eye view may be had
from this point.
(Altitude, 9,796 feet.) A magnificent massif facing the
station is an easy day's climb.
(Altitude, 9,798 feet.) The precipitous eastern slopes of
which are a striking feature of the landscape, may also be
climbed in a day.
(Altitude, 9,154 feet.) For the expert Alpinist, affords a
splendid rock climb.
(Altitude, 5,350 feet.) Is the headquarters of the Alpine
Club of Canada.
Page Fonr
A nine-hole golf course situated on the banks of the Bow
River and at the base of Mount Rundle, is open to the
guests of all hotels in Banff at a small fee per game.    A
professional is in attendance.
A tennis court is free to the guests of the Banff Springs
Trout fishing may be had in the Sawback Lakes; the
Spray Lakes, Lower Spray Falls and the Bow River also
afford good sport.
Boating on Lake Minnewanka and the Bow River. A
launch may be chartered at the rate of $1.00 per head for
five persons or over. There is excellent fishing in the Vermillion Lakes and Lake Minnewanka. A trout of forty-
seven pounds has been taken from the Minnewanka waters.
Situated along the railway track one and one-half miles
east of the station. Buffalo, elk and moose may be seen
living in their natural state.
Illustrating the fauna and flora of the park, is situated
near the Bow River Bridge.   Entrance free.
Free. Adjoin the museum and contain a splendid
collection of animals and birds.
A beautiful drive around the Bow Valley in full view of
Bow Falls, a distance of about seven miles, skirting the
base of Mount Rundle. An excellent view of the Hoodoos,
curious natural pillars, is obtained on this drive.
At a distance of eight miles*—Up the Spray Valley, past the
old lumber camps, and through the virgin forests to the
Spray Canyon.
Distance about three miles*—A pleasant drive following
the Cave and Basin road to the entrance of the canyon.
Above the gorge is the site of a famous Indian camping
ground. A trail runs from the end of Sun Dance Canyon
Road, up Healy Creek, to Simpson Pass.
Distance seven miles*—A spiral drive known as the
Corkscrew along the side of the mountain at an altitude of
over 5,000 feet, returning down the steep grade on the
other side and through the village.
Distance eight miles*—A drive skirting Cascade mountain and following Devil's Head River.   The road is continued by a trail along the north shore, through the Devil's
Gap, and across Ghost River to the Stony Indian Reserve.
Lake Minnewanka and return.
Carriage, team and driver; time 4 hours; 2 or 3 persons $ 6.75
Carriage, team and driver; full day, 9 hours; 2 or 3
persons  9.00
Carriage, team and driver; time 4 hours; 4 or 5 persons 8.75
Carriage, team and driver; full day, 9 hours; 4 or 5
persons  15.00
Tally-ho coach, from town; 6 hours; each person  2.00
Tally-ho coach, from Banff Springs Hotel; each person 2.50
To Loop, Cave and Basin and Sun Dance Canyon and
Carriage, team and driver; time 4 hours; 2 or 3 persons $ 6.75
Carriage, team and driver; time 4 hours; 4 or 5 persons   8.75
To Tunnel  Mountain, Buffalo Park,  Cave and Basin
and return.
Carriage, team and driver; time 4 hours; 2 or 3 persons $ 6.75
Carriage, team and driver; time 4 hours; 4 or 5 persons 8.75
Tally-ho coach; time 4 hours; each person     2.00
To Cave and Basin only
Each way, each person $   .25
Return trip; carriage, team and driver; time 1 hour;
3 or more persons, each       .75
Banff to Hot Springs
One way only, each person $ 1.00
Hot Springs to Banff
One way only, each person $   .50
Return trip; carriage, team and driver; time 2 hours;
3 or more persons, each     1.25
Saddle Ride to Observatory or Sulphur Mountain
Distance, 12 miles; pony for round trip, 6 hours $ 3.00
Tunnel Mountain, Pony Ride
General pony rate, viz., for first hour, $1.00; each subsequent hour, 50 cents; $3.00 per day. Guides. 50 cents
per hour; all day, $4.00.
To Mount Edith Pass, Sawback and return
Carriage, team and driver; time 4 hours; 2 or 3 persons $ 6.75
Carriage, team and driver; time 4 hours; 4 or 5 persons   8.75
General Tariff
Single traps, phaeton, etc., without driver, first hour. . $ 1.50
Second hour     1.00
Each additional hour 50
Single rigs, with driver, first hour or part thereof     2.00
Second hour     1.50
Each additional hour     1.00
Two-seated carriage, team and driver, per hour     2.25
Each additional hour     1.50
All day—9 hours     9.00
Three-seated carriage, team and driver, per hour     3.75
Second hour     2.50
Each additional hour     1.25
Per day—9 hours   15.00
Bus between station and C. P. R. Hotel, each way.      .25
Trunks and heavy baggage, each way 25
Small hand bags, free.
Livery tariff for Rocky Mountains Park, Department of Interior, Dominion Parks Branch.
Pag* Five Mount Ball,  (10,900
feet).     (Photo
Byron Harmon)
Cool Waters
Sulphur Swimming Pool, Banff
Page Six Golf Links, Banff
Page Seven [&&J.X.&*
The Pearl of the Canadian Rockies (altitude, 5,645 feet).
"Probably the most perfect bit of scenery in the known
world. A lake of the deepest and most exquisite coloring,
ever changing, defying analysis, mirroring in its wonderful
depths the sombre forests and cliffs that rise from its shores
on either side, the gleaming white glacier and tremendous
snow-crowned peaks that fill the background of the picture,
and the blue sky and fleecy clouds overhead"—Lawrence
J. Burpee, in "Among the Canadian Alps."
On the shores of the lake the Canadian Pacific operates
a magnificent chateau hotel—open from June to October.
Some there are who are satisfied to sit on the verandah of
the hotel watching the marvellous kaleidoscope of color,
while others are eager to be out on the trail either on foot,
or on the back of a surefooted pony. These trails are being
constantly improved and extended, so that there is a wide
selection from which to choose. The hotel itself occupies
a very large area and during the past few months the kitchen
facilities have been greatly increased. No more beautiful
spot and no more comfortable hotel could be chosen by
anyone wishing to make either a short or long stay in the
Canadian Pacific Rockies.
Charges, $5.00 per day and upwards. The hotel has 375
(Distance, three and one-half miles; time, one and one-
half hours.) Ponies are not allowed on the east side of the
The trail leaves the west end of the Chalet and rises
gradually to Mirror Lake (altitude, 6,655 feet), thence
upward to Lake Agnes (altitude, 6,875 feet). There are
beautiful views on the way up, and the trail is excellent.
(Round-trip distance is five miles; time, two and one-half
hours.) A charming tea house has recently been established on the shore of Lake Agnes.
After reaching Lake Agnes by the trail described above,
follow the path behind the shelter cabin to the summit of
the Little Beehive, thence to the summit of Mt. St. Piran,
with splendid view of the Bow Valley. Round-trip, ten
miles (time, six hours).
This leaves the trail to the Lakes in the Clouds at Mirror
Lake and continues along the side of the mountain to Lookout Point, situated about one thousand feet above Lake
Louise. The trail then descends gently to the level of
the Lower Glacier Trail and the visitor may return to the
Chalet by the east or west side of Lake Louise (distance
Mirror Lake to connection with low level trail, one and
three-quarters miles).
Take the trail across Louise Creek, which rises rapidly
to the Saddleback (altitude, 7,983 feet).   From the Saddle-
Page Eight
back, Mt. Saddleback and Mt. Fairview (altitude, 9,001
feet) are easy of access. The distance of the round trip
to the Cabin is six miles (time, four hours). The view
from the summit of the Saddle, which includes Lake
Annette, is one of the finest to be had anywhere in the
The path along the shore of Lake Louise may be taken
to the Victoria and Lefroy Glaciers, distant four miles.
Parties should not venture out on the ice unless properly
equipped and indeed the services of a guide are recommended
to point out the peculiar ice formations. The hanging
glaciers of Mounts Lefroy and Victoria are impressive in
their grandeur. The glacier is 200 to 250 feet thick. The
summit of Mt. Victoria is five miles in an air line from the
The coach may be taken, either forenoon or afternoon,
to Moraine Lake (distance, nine miles), situated in the deeply
impressive Valley of the Ten Peaks. From the road one
sees an interesting rock formation known as the Tower of
Babel. For the past few summers a small permanent
tea house and camp for anglers has been maintained on
the shores of Moraine Lake by English ladies.
Ponies may be taken up Paradise Valley, via either the
Saddleback and Sheol Valley, or via the low trail. The
journey is continued up the valley to a short branch trail
leading to the Giant's Steps, a step-like rock formation over
which the water glides in silver sheets. The journey may
then be continued across the valley to Lake Annette (altitude,
6,500 feet), a tiny emerald sheet of water on the side of
Mt. Temple, and thence back to Lake Louise. Distance,
thirteen miles, and the journey, eight hours.
Via, either high or low route, thence to the Giant's Steps
and across the valley to Sentinel Pass (altitude, 8,556 feet).
The descent is then made through Lodge Valley, past the
Minnestimma Lakes, to the Valley of the Ten Peaks.
Return to the Chalet by the carriage road.
Leaving the Chalet in the morning by coach, Moraine
Lake is reached at 10.00 a.m. From here the journey may
be continued to Consolation Lake, distant three and one-
half miles. The waters of the lake contain a plentiful
supply of cutthroat trout, a vigorous fish which takes the
fly in July and August. The fisheries in these regions are
re-stocked from the hatchery at Banff.
A splendid one-day walking and climbing trip by way of
the Victoria and Lefroy glaciers leads up through the Death
Trap to the summit of Abbot Pass (altitude, 9,588 feet).
The steep descent to Lake Oesa (altitude, 7,398 feet), is then made and the journey continued to Lake O'Hara,
which is reached by descending by the side of a silvery
cascade and the journey continued around the lake (altitude,
6,664 feet), to a gap near its outlet. This spot is one of
the most beautiful in all the mountains. A walk of about
three miles takes one to Lake McArthur (altitude, 7,359
feet). The journey is then continued down Cataract Brook
and rounding the shoulder of Mt. St. Piran the Chalet is
Carriage drive to Moraine Lake, half day $ 2.50
Between Lake Louise Station and Lake Louise 50
Saddle Trips
Pony to Lakes Mirror and Agnes, 3 hours $ 1.50
Pony to Lakes Mirror and Agnes and top of Mount
St. Piran, 6 hours     3.00
Pony to Victoria Glacier, 4 hours '..    2.00
Pony to Saddleback, 5 hours     2.50
Pony to Saddleback, Sheol Valley and Lower Paradise
Valley, returning by trail or carriage road, 1 day... 3.00
Pony to Saddleback, Sheol Valley, Paradise Valley,
Giant Steps Falls, Horseshoe Glacier and Lake
Annette, returning by trail or carriage road, 2 days 6.00
Pony to Saddleback, Sheol Valley, Paradise Valley,
Giant Steps Falls, Lake Annette, Horseshoe Glacier, Sentinel Pass (8,650 feet), Larch Valley, Moraine Lake, returning by trail or carriage road, 3 days    9.00
Pony to Moraine Lake, Valley of the Ten Peaks,
Wenkchemna Pass and Lake, 2 days $ 6.00
Pony to Moraine Lake, 1 day     3.00
Pony to O'Hara Lake and return, from Hector; time,
lday     3.00
Pony to Ptarmigan Lake, time, 1 day     3.00
Guides furnished at $4.00 per day, with pony.
Pack horses, $2.50 per day.
General Tariff
Single traps, phaeton, etc., without driver, first hour $ 1.50
Second hour.     1.00
Each additional hour 50
Single rigs, with driver, first hour or part thereof. .    2.00
Second hour     1.50
Each additional hour     1.00
Two-seated carriage, team and driver, per hour....    2.25
Each additional hour     1.50
All day—9 hours     9.00
Three-seated carriage, team and driver, per hour...    3.75
Second hour     2.50
Each additional hour     1.25
Per day—9 hours   15.00
Bus between station and C. P. R. Hotel, each way.      .25
Trunks and heavy baggage, each way. 25
Small hand bags, free.
Livery tariff for Rocky Mountain Park, Department of
Interior, Dominion Parks Branch.
Note—One  day  consists  of 9 hours, and  not  more than  20 miles,
unless otherwise provided.
Page Nine Tourists on
Ponies at Chateau
Lake Louise
Chateau Lake Louise
Page Ten Lake Louise.     (Photo Byron Harmon)
Climbing at
Lake Louise
Page Eleven Near Top of Mount
Huber.     (11,000   feet).
(Photo. Harmon, Banff)
„ V4ar^°n^
An active Alpine Club with over 500 members and headquarters at Banff holds a camp each year in the Canadian
Pacific Rockies and welcomes those who have the ambition
to climb a peak at least 10,000 feet high. There is plenty
of choice, for according to a list recently completed from
Government measurements, there are 147 peaks over 10,000
feet, of which 46 are over 11,000 feet. The Canadian Pacific
Railway has a number of experienced Swiss guides attached
to its mountain hotels. The Alpine Club of Canada will
probably hold its camp during 1916 in the Windermere
District of the Columbia Valley.
Following is the list of known peaks above 11,000 feet:
Mount Assiniboine. . . 11,800
(Illustrated on the cover
of this folder)
Alberta .12,500
Alexandra 11,650
Athabasca. ...11,300
Brazeau 11,000
Bryce. 11,000
Bruce 11,000
Cline 11,000
Columbia 12,500
Coleman 11,000
Douglas N.
Tower 11,015
Mount Goodsir S.
Tower 11,676
Geikie 11,000
Hector ..11,125
Huber 11,041
"      Hungabee .... 11,447
HaslerPeak ..11,113
Jumbo 11,217
Kitichi....... 11,000
Lefroy 11,220
Lyell ..11,500
Murchison.... 11,300
Robson ..13,068
Pag4 Twelve Illecillewaet Glacier,
(Photo Byron
Where the Rope
Comes Handy
Scenes with the Canadian Alpine Club in the Yoho Glacier
Mount Douglas   S.
Tower 11,220
Deltaform. ...11,225
Diadem Peak. 11,600
Douglas Peak. 11,700
Delphine 11,076
Freshfield 11,000
Forbes 12,000
Tower.... 11,000
Farnham 11,342
Goodsir N.
Tower 11,555
Mount Resplendant .. 11,173
Selwyn 11,013
Sir Sandford.. 11,590
Stutfield Peak 11,400
Saskatchewan. 11,000
Temple 11,626
The Twins.... 11,800
The Dome.... 11,600
Victoria 11,355
Whitehorn.... 11,101
Wilson 11,000
Woolley Peak. 11,700
Wilcox Peak.. 11,000
President A. O. Wheeler of the Alpine Club of Canada
writes:— "Apart from the wonderful and unexplained exhilaration that comes from climbing on snow and ice, and
the overwhelming desire to see what lies beyond, your
true alpine enthusiast glories in the wide-spreading spectacular panorama that is seen from a mountain top,
when all in view is spread before him as on a living
map. It is in places such as these, where the prescience
of an Almighty Power is ever present, and which can
only be attained through hard bodily exertion, that he
loves for a brief space to enjoy the wonders that are
spread at his feet."
Nestling at the foot of glorious mountains, the Canadian
Pacific Chalet, Mount Stephen House, has rooms for 100
guests. Field is the stopping-off station for those who wish
to visit the Yoho Valley, with its great glacier and its famous
waterfalls—the Twin Falls and the Takakkaw Falls.
Seven miles from Field, is reached by an excellent carriage
road. This beautiful lake lies placid under the protection of
Mount Wapta, Mount Burgess and Mount President, and is
well stocked with fish. A picturesque chalet hotel has been
erected on the shores of the lake. Here the tourist may
break his journey while en route to the Yoho Valley. The
return trip may be made via the Burgess Pass.
Is reached by a short diversion from the main Emerald
Lake road.
A delightful drive along the old grade, the round-trip
distance being sixteen miles to the Ottertail Valley up which
a magnificent view of the triple headed Mt. Goodsir may be
This is one of the finest long drives (round-trip distance,
twenty-two miles), to be had in the Rockies. The road
crosses the Kicking Horse River and following up the stream,
until the Yoho Valley is reached, swings round the shoulder
of Mt. Field, then up the valley until some precipitous cliffs
are reached, up which the road zigzags to a higher level. The
road ends a short distance past the Takakkaw Falls, a splendid
cascade falling over one thousand feet. A camp has been
established near this point and the tourist may make this a
base for exploring the upper reaches of the Yoho Valley.
The famous Mt. Stephen fossil beds are reached by a
pony trail which rises to an elevation of 6,000 feet above the
sea level.   The fossil beds are over 2,000 feet in thickness.
Yoho Pass, Emerald Lake and return, by carriage road,
a splendid round trip, covering eighteen miles. The pony
trail rises up the wooded slopes of Mt. Burgess to the Pass
(altitude, 7,150 feet), from which a magnificent panoramic
view of the surrounding mountain ranges may be had. Continuing along the slopes of Mt. Wapta the trail is almost level
until the Yoho Pass (altitude, 6,000 feet), is reached. From
the pass the trail zigzags down, until the gravel flats at the
head of the lake are reached.
Page Fourteen
Interesting two- and three-day trips may be arranged, the
tourist breaking his journey by staying at Emerald Lake
Chalet and at the permanent summer camps in the Yoho
Valley. Among the many attractions are the Twin and
Laughing Falls, the Yoho and President glaciers and the
peak of the Waputik Range.
At each camp a first-class cook is in attendance. The
camps are dry and clean. The beds are made of pine boughs,
Hudson Bay blankets, linen or flannelette sheets and pillow
slips and the sleeping tents are heated with camp stoves.
A large camp fire in the open is lighted every evening and
kept going well into the night. An Indian tepee is provided
at each camp, where the guests can sit around a small open
fire, in case it is too cold or damp to sit around the large camp
fire which is also kept going to light the camp.
Campers should provide themselves with a warm set of
underclothing and either heavy shoes or overshoes, a sweater
and overcoat, soft felt hat and gloves, also a pair of slippers
for use around the camp. Communications should be
addressed to manager, Mount Stephen House, Field, B. C.
The Yoho Glacier is one of the most interesting in the
Canadian Rockies and is highly picturesque. It illustrates
the interesting scientific fact that the stream at the centre of a
glacier moves much faster than the side or bottom, while on
a curve the outside edge has a more rapid rate of flow then
the inside.
This glacier usually ends in a very beautiful ice arch
from which the stream gushes with great violence. The
frequent falling of masses of ice from the ceiling of the
arch makes caution necessary in approaching too closely.
Beginning with July 1906, the Alpine Club of Canada has
conducted a series of observations on this glacier with the
object of measuring its rate of flow.
A very fine one-day trip, commencing at Mt. Stephen
House, and traversing the gap (Dennis Pass) between Mt.
Stephen and Mt. Dennis, and from there to Duchesnay Pass.
The descent is made to a beautiful valley under the shadow of
the precipitous crags of Mt. Odaray, the valley being followed
until the Lake O'Hara trail is reached. The climber should
not fail to pay a visit to the lake, one of the most beautiful
in the Rocky Mountains. The return to the railway (distant
eight miles) from Lake O'Hara, is made by way of an excellent
trail to Hector Station. From here, Field may be reached
by train or, better still, by walking down the old grade until
the Yoho Road connection is reached.
Particulars of other interesting trips, such as that over
Cathedral Pass, may be had on application to the hotel
To Emerald Lake via Direct
Route, 20 minute stop at
Emerald Lake	
To Emerald Lake via Natural
All Day	
To Emerald Lake, one way,
via direct Route	
To Emerald Lake, one way,
via Natural Bridge	
To Emerald Lake, one way,
tally-ho coach, via Natural Bridge	
2 or 3
2 or 3
2 or 3
2 or 3
4 or 5
4 or 5
4 or 5
4 or 5
To Ottertail Bridge and
2 or 3
2 or 3
4 or 5
4 or 5
To Takakkaw Falls	
To Takakkaw Falls, tally-ho
To Natural Bridge and return
First hour	
2 or 3
2 or 3
2 or 3
4 or 5
Second hour	
Subsequent hours	
Field to Fossil Beds and
Field to Emerald Lake, via
Burgess Pass	
Takakkaw Falls to Twin Falls and Emerald Lake—
two days' saddle ride $6.00
Takakkaw Falls to Twin Falls and return via Twin
Falls—one-day saddle ride  3.00
Field to Lake McArthur—three days' saddle ride 9.00
Field to Twin Falls, via_Burgess Pass-
two days' saddle ride  6.00
Field to Sherbrooke Lake—one-day saddle ride 3.00
Hector to Lake O'Hara  3.00
Ponies, going light, Field to Hector and return, each ..  1.50
Emerald Lake to Lookout Point  3.00
General drives, same as at Banff.
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Page Fifteen Page Sixteen
At the Yoho Glacier.     (Photo Byron Harmon)
In the heart of the Selkirks, an admirable centre torn
Alpine climbing. There are two very fine glaciers within
easy reach of the station—indeed one, the Illecillewaet
Glacier, may be said to be in the yard of the Canadian Pacific
Hotel. Glacier Park covers 468 square miles and is a Paradise
for those in search of Alpine flowers—over 500 varieties
blooming every summer. Glacier House, the Canadian
Pacific Hotel, is open all the year 'round (rates $4.00 per
day, with special terms for long visits).
Sir Donald (10,808 ft.) rises a naked and abrupt pyramid,
to a height of a mile and a quarter above the railway. This
stately monolith was named after the late Sir Donald Smith
(Lord Strathcona), one of the promoters of the Canadian
Pacific Railway. Farther to the left are sharp peaks—Uto,
Eagle, Avalanche and Macdonald—second only to Sir Donald.
Rogers Pass and the snowy Hermit range, the most prominent peaks of which are called the Swiss Peaks, are in full
view. Again to the left, at the west end of the Hermit range
on the south side of Bear Creek, comes Cheops, so named
after the Great Pyramid, the tomb of the Pharaoh Shufu
(Cheops) who lived about 3,700 B. C. and in the foreground
and far down among the trees, the Illecillewaet glistens
across the valley.
Less than two miles from the hotel and tumbling from an
altitude of 9,000 feet on the sky line, to 4,800 feet at the forefoot. This glacier covers ten square miles and is easily
reached in one hour by way of an excellent trail. The
return trip may be taken along the alternative trail on the
east bank of the Illecillewaet River.
(Altitude, 4,100 to 6,600 feet.) The trail branches off
the main great glacier trail one-quarter of a mile from the
hotel, and crossing the Asulkan Brook, climbs up the east
side of the valley to the forefoot of the Asulkan Glacier,
distant four miles from the hotel. This is one of the most
beautiful valleys in the Selkirks.
The trail leaves the rear of the hotel (altitude, 4,093 feet)
and climbs gradually up the slopes of Mt. Abbot to Marion
Lake (altitude, 5,666 feet). The lake can be reached in
less than an hour and a half. In the early morning a beautiful
reflection of the Hermit Range is to be seen on the surface
of the lake. At Marion Lake the trail forks, the right
trail going to Observation Point (altitude, 5,750 feet),
distant about one hundred yards away, from which a splendid
panorama of Rogers Pass is to be had. The trail branching
to the left leads to the Abbot Alp, a beautiful grassy upland.
From here a splendid view of the Dawson Range can be had.
A path branches from the Asulkan trail, a short distance
from the first bridge and climbs,  corkscrew fashion,  to
Page Eighteen
Glacier Crest (altitude, 7,419 feet), commanding the Illecillewaet Glacier, with its crevasses, seracs and moraines
laid out as if on a gigantic map.
Starting from the east end of the station platform a path
leads up the lower slopes of Mt. Avalanche to the Cascade
Summerhouse perched at an altitude of 5,252 feet.
From this point the cascade tumbles in a series of leaps
to a distance of 1,200 feet. Still higher up one may go to
Avalanche Crest (altitude, 7,855 feet). A magnificent view
of the Bonney ridge and glacier may be had from this point.
The summit of the Selkirk Range as crossed by the railway
(altitude, 4,351 feet), and the near-by village of Rogers Pass
(distance, four miles), are reached by a pony trail rising here
and there above the snow sheds. Here the stupendous
precipices of Mt. Tupper (altitude, 9,229 feet) may be seen
to advantage. The trail to the Rogers amphitheatre may
be taken from this point and the cabin there used as a base
for exploring and climbing the neighboring glaciers and
This beautiful little valley is directly opposite Rogers
Pass Village and ends in the Baloo Pass, distance, three
miles. Beautiful waterfalls deck the sides of the valley,
the upper reaches of which are carpeted with flowers. The
journey may be continued over the Baloo Pass to the Cougar
Valley trail and road to the hotel, which is distant five and
one-half miles from the Baloo Pass.
With beautiful interior marble markings, situated on the
lower slopes of Mt. Cheops, in the Cougar Valley, are reached
by an excellent carriage road and pony trail, the distance
from Glacier House being five miles. On the way to the
caves the visitor obtains a splendid view of the "Loops,"
a great pear-shaped double curve, the railway crossing and
recrossing the rushing Illecillewaet torrent and descending
gradually to its level. G. H. Deutchman, the discoverer,
is official guide. Parties may arrange to take lunch and
have same at the cabin, situated at the caves.
The Asulkan Pass (altitude, 7,710 feet) may be reached
by an easy one-day trip across the glacier. The view of
the Dawson Range from the Pass is beautiful.
The formation
seracs, moulins, etc., mav
*"v ivyxiXAciuLv/n of crevasses, o^j.«^o, uiuiuma, clc, may
best be studied by spending a day with a Swiss guide on the
great glacier. Perley Rock may also be visited and the great
crags of Mt. Sir Donald viewed from this vantage point. ASULKAN PASS
And return, via Swanzy Glacier and Lily Pass (altitude,
8,228 feet), a long but splendid trip, traversing many glaciers.
The route may be reversed by making the trip via the
summit of Mt. Abbot and rear slope of the Rampart.
A circuit of Eagle Peak, making the trip via the Pass
between Uto Peak and Mt. Sir Donald, and the return by
the Pass between Eagle Peak and Mt. Avalanche. Imposing views of the northwest ridge of Mt. Sir Donald and
of the whole Beaver Valley.
(Altitudes, 8,081 and 8,425 feet.) A delightful one-day
climb, with splendid views of the Mt. Bonney Region,
(Altitude, 9,381 feet.) The climb starts from the station
platform, the trail to Avalanche Crest being followed. From
that point easy rocks lead to the summit.
(Altitudes, 9,108 and 9,176 feet.) The twin peaks may be
climbed via Asulkan Valley and Glacier. They present no
difficulty to a well-equipped party.
(Altitude, 9,061 feet.) The train may be taken to Rogers
Pass and from there a short walk via Bear Creek Valley
leads to the actual climb. From the summit the view
northward reveals the monarch of the Selkirks, Mt. Sir
Sandford (altitude, 11,634 feet), as yet unclimbed.
Note:—Swiss Guides are stationed at the Hotel and are available for the service of tourists for the fee of $5.00 per day. The
guides provide rope, ice axes, etc., and visitors intending to
climb should be equipped with stout boots, well nailed.
Great Glacier and return; time, 2 hours $ 1.00
Asulkan Glacier and return; time, 4 hours     2.00
Marion Lake and return; time, 3 hours     1.50
Overlook on Mt. Abbot; time, 6 hours 3.00
Summer House; time, 3 hours     1.50
To Caves of Nakimu, 6 hours     3.00
Divided skirts or rain coats, rented at, per day 50
Ponies, per day     3.00
Guide with pony, all day     4.00
Many other interesting trips can be arranged from Glacier
House.   For rates and information, write,
S. H. Baker, C    fitter, Glacier, B. C.
Page Nineteen The Great Ice River of Illecillewaet, seen from
the Canadian Pacific Railway track, covers ten
square miles and is only one hour's walk from
the station. From skyline to outlet it drops 4,200
The Glacier House Sir Donald and the Selkirks from Mount Abbott
Page Twenty-one !
Pack Train.     (Photo Byron Harmon)
Mountain Goat
While hunting is forbidden within the National parks in
the Canadian Pacific Rockies, there is magnificent sport to
be had outside the Park limits, and the Canadian Pacific
Railway hotels are good outfitting points for some of the
best hunting grounds. British Columbia is the last home
of the grizzly, that monarch of the bear family. He is to
be found in the East Kootenay and at Lillooet and in some
parts of Okanagan, the best time to hunt being May.
The Rocky Mountain goat, whose uncanny beard gives
him almost a human appearance, has his home among the
peaks of the Canadian Pacific Rockies. He is a brave
and fearless fighter, and is more than a match for any dog
that dares^ to attack him. His sharp and needle-like horns
and strong, pointed hoofs are excellent weapons of defense
against his enemies. He is the most daring of all mountain-
climbers, fearless, sure-footed, and delights in scaling great
heights and taking perilous leaps across chasms. His coat
is white, soft and fluffy, and the color has the effect of
magnifying his size, which is usually about thirty-five to
forty inches at the shoulder. When full grown he weighs
from 200 to 250 pounds. He has practically no enemies
save men and eagles. When danger threatens he climbs
up or down the steepest precipice he can find, and there is
no wild creature without wings that can follow him.
The    Bighorn   or   Rocky   Mountain   sheep   is   to-day
Page Twenty-two Grizzlies Shot in the Rockies
(Photo Byron Harmon)
Rocky Mountain  Big Horns
A Mountain Guide
The End of a Mountain Goat.     (Photo Byron Harmon)
considered the most valued prize obtainable by the sportsman.
Its home is among the fastnesses of the Canadian Pacific Rockies. This animal is of a suspicious nature, but is sure-footed
and self-reliant in its mountain home, and will escape over
rocks which the hunter finds impossible to traverse. Its
flesh is pronounced by epicures to be the most delicious of
the world's game, and its massive, wide-spreading horns
make a beautiful ornament. Of all Canadian game the
Bighorn is most wary and difficult to bag. Its vigilance
is admirable, and once it has regained the higher ground,
after feeding during the early morning, only the combination of luck and skill will secure a successful shot.
The best country for hunting the common Bighorn is that
portion of the Lillooet District roughly described as being
north and south of the bridge at Chilcoten River and east
and west of the Fraser River, at Chilco Lake. The town of
Lillooet is reached by stage from Lytton, Clinton or Ashcroft.
Guides can be picked up at Lillooet and Hanceville.
Michel, in the south, and Golden, on the main line, are
good points from which to reach the Kootenay sheep country,
which is probably the most accessible of any, though the
country is rough and somewhat difficult.
There is good goat hunting in the higher ranges of the
creeks which descend from the Selkirks into the upper
Columbia Valley. These are reached from the new Kootenay
Central branch of the Canadian Pacific Railway.
Page Twenty-three A*£4 .*
While the main line of the Canadian Pacific
Railway passes through that part of the Rockies
best known to the traveler, there are areas of
lake, mountain and river to the south which
are equally beautiful and which have their own
distinctive character. These areas are readily
accessible, for the valleys which run southward
are also served by branch lines of the railway
linking up the main line with the Crow's Nest
Route farther south.
At Golden, between Field and Glacier, the
Kootenay Central branch parallels the Columbia River between the Rockies and the Selkirk
ranges to Lake Windermere and then follows the
valley of the Kootenay to join the Crow's Nest
branch at Colvalli. From Revelstoke there is
rail service south to Arrowhead, where Canadian
Pacific steamer is taken for trip through the
Arrow Lakes en route to Nelson. Sicamous is
the junction for the Okanagan Valley with its
apple and peach orchards on the fringe of a
charming lake. Canadian Pacific steamers carry
the traveler from Okanagan Landing to Penticton, where connection is made with the Kettle
Valley Route. The Kettle Valley Railway is
the latest branch on the Canadian Pacific tree,
and the new route from Hope to Penticton,
thence to Midway and Grand Forks to Nelson,
contains scenery of exceptional beauty and
serves a district full of mineral wealth.
There are two hotels in Southern British
Columbia which may be safely recommended to
the most sophisticated traveler—the Kootenay
Lake Hotel at Balfour, operated by the Canadian Pacific Railway, and the Incola Hotel at
Penticton, operated by the Kettle Valley Railway. Both command views of lovely lake
scenery and have excellent boating and fishing
at the disposal of their guests. The Kootenay
Lake Hotel attracts many visitors to its annual
tennis tournament and is a convenient centre
for mountain climbing in a region where there
are many virgin peaks still to be climbed.
Revelstoke ir/^i^v/iV^rarsiiBiag
Invermere, B. C, is about half a mile from Athalmer
Station (on Kootenay Central branch of the Canadian Pacific
Railway). It is the centre of the Windermere District of the
Columbia Valley, a picturesque region, where there has been
considerable recent settlement with a view to fruit-growing
and mixed farming. Hotel Invermere, commands an excellent
view of the Rocky and Selkirk ranges. (Twenty-five bedrooms—rates, $2.50 to $3.50 per day; G. Starke, manager.)
A nine-hole golf course has been laid out adjoining the
hotel. Lake Windermere is well adapted for boating and
launches and skiffs can be secured through the hotel at
reasonable rates. Good trout fishing can be had in the
smaller lakes and streams. The best places, where mountain
trout are found in great number, can be reached in an hour
from the hotel by auto.
Automobiles are available for hire, and many interesting
trips can be made over good roads through some of the most
wonderful mountain scenery to be found anywhere. Among
the various trips might be especially mentioned that to the
Fairmont Hot Springs; to Sinclair Hot Springs, with a short
run over the Banff-Windermere Road, through Sinclair
Canyon, and to Toby Creek Canyon, with its effervescent
soda springs. Fine glaciers may be visited at the head of
Toby Creek and Horse Thief Creek. The extensive irrigation system at the back of Wilmer is also well worth a visit.
Saddle and pack horses can be obtained and competent
guides supplied for those who desire to indulge in big game
hunting or mountain climbing. Good paths and trails make
camping easy and comfortable. From Athalmer the train
continues down the valley to the Crow's Nest line of the
Canadian Pacific Railway at Colvalli, where connection is
made for the trains to Balfour.
Revelstoke, the centre of an important lumbering district,
and surrounded by snow-capped mountains of wonderful
beauty, is the junction for the Arrow Lakes route to Nelson
and the Kootenays. The train runs to Arrowhead, where
the comfortable Canadian Pacific stern-wheeled steamer continues the journey. The Arrow Lakes, which are really a
broadening of the Columbia River, have picturesque little
pioneer settlements along their banks, where the forest at
the lower edge of the mountains has been cleared for a small
farm or orchards. At Halcyon Hot Springs there is a popular
hotel which has been visited by H. R. H. the Duke of Connaught, Governor General of Canada. The steamer connects
with the train again at West Robson, where the traveler
may proceed either east to Nelson and Balfour or west to
the rich, busy mining districts of Trail, Rossland and the
Boundary Country.
Sicamous is much favored by those who wish to see the
Canadian Pacific Rockies all the way by daylight, for this is
halfway between Calgary and Vancouver and has a comfortable Canadian Pacific hotel. It lies on the shores of a
beautiful lake, with excellent facilities for boating, bathing
and fishing, and is the junction for an important branch
line serving the well settled fruit-growing districts of the
Okanagan   Valley.   The   orchards   at   Vernon,   Kelowna,
Summerland, and Penticton are particularly well known,
extending over many thousand acres and producing apples
which find a ready market all over the world. At Okanagan
Landing the train hands its passengers over to a Canadian
Pacific steamer, which spends the rest of the day calling at
pretty little fruit-growing settlements till the terminal is
reached at Penticton, where the Kettle Valley Railway has
a first-class hotel. Naramata is another popular summer
resort further up the lake, with good hotel accommodation.
The completion of the Kettle Valley Railway, a subsidiary
of the Canadian Pacific, opens a new territory in British
Columbia, and gives another connection between the prairies
and the mining districts of Southern British Columbia and
the Pacific Coast.
Hope is the chief point of connection with the main line
of the Canadian Pacific Railway. The first station on the
way up from Hope, just north of the Coquihalla River
Canyon, is named Othello, the scenic beauty of which, from
its proximity to the canyon, it is difficult to describe, while
there is good trout fishing and shooting in its vicinity. Jessica is the third station within about two miles or so of Ladner
Creek, and in a district of great natural beauty. At Portia
the railway reaches an elevation of about 2,000 feet above
sea level. The country has a very rocky, mountainous aspect
at the next station, which is called Iago, io keep up the Shakes-
perean tradition. Near Romeo there is a charming view
looking up towards a bald, rocky mountain from Slide Creek
bridge. Coquihalla Summit is opposite two delightful lakes.
From this point the track falls both ways, the average gradient
going west being about 2.2 per cent, whilst that going east
is much lighter, about 1 per cent. The elevation of Coquihalla Summit is about 3,300 feet above sea level. The lakes
are full of trout and are most interesting from a geological
point of view on account of the many crater holes in the
formation, caused, it is supposed, from gaseous emanations
in ages past. Juliet, the next siding, is eternally separated
from Romeo by the summit. At Slide Creek there are some
picture rocks, rude representations of a horse, supposed to
have been painted by the Indians at some remote date.
Penticton, at the lower end of Okanagan Lake, is half way
house to Nelson, and as such has an excellent hotel, The
Incola. The balmy equable climate of the lower Okanagan
Valley, the excellent motoring, the delightful bathing, the
opportunities for motor boating, sailing, fishing, and, at the
proper seasons, for hunting, combine to make this an ideal
holiday resort. Penticton is in the centre of one of the most
fertile orchard districts in British Columbia and as such has
a well settled community, the members of which are always
ready to share in any social activities. Penticton is also the
southern terminus of the Canadian Pacific steamers plying
on the Okanagan Lake, the northern terminus being Okanagan
Landing, which has excellent train service through Vernon to
Sicamous on the main line of the Canadian Pacific Railway.
From Penticton the railway climbs up through the benches
to a height which commands a magnificent view of Okanagan
Lake, then descends through forest-clad ranges by romantic
canyons till the farms and settlements of the lower Kettle
Valley are reached. After the junction is made with the
Canadian Pacific Railway at Midway, the train passes by
lake and mountain till the beautiful defile of the Columbia
River is reached. Out of the windows of the train one looks
down upon the sapphire waters of that noble stream, flanked
by tall trees and overtowering heights.
Page Twenty-five The Shores
of the Okanagan
Lake, near Penticton,
B. C, seen from the Kettle
Valley Railway
Trout Creek Bridge, near Summerland, B. C.
Page Twenty-six Bear Creek Canyon, Okanagan Valley
Page Twenty-seven tafclifelrtKilJMB
Balfour, B. C.
This, the most modern of the Canadian Pacific mountain
hotels, is situated to the south of the Main Line at the end
of the Crow's Nest branch.
It is essentially a hotel where the tourist can profitably
spend a real holiday. Situated amongst scenery not so
rugged as that of the Rockies in the north, but which has a
softer fascination, all its own, it stands high on the shores
of a lake and among mountains which have been favorably
compared with the Italian Alps. The climate, too, is that
of the Italian lakes—deliriously warm in the daytime and
cool at night.
But it is as a fishing, hunting and boating resort, that the
Kootenay Lake Hotel has its greatest claim to favor. The
lake abounds in rainbow trout and salmon, for the capture
of which every facility in the way of boats, guides and equipment, is offered by the hotel
The wooded sides of the mountain in the near vicinity
contain bear, caribou, white-tail deer, partridges, etc., all of
which can be successfully hunted in their proper season.
There are good trails for many miles over the mountains,
and a wagon road of twenty-one miles has just been completed to the town of Nelson.
The boat livery is equipped with every description of boat
and canoe, both power and otherwise, and long explorations
of the shores of the lake can be made, including points of
interest such as the Blue Bell Mine, the Bridal Veil Falls,
the Hot Springs, etc.
The beautiful terraced grounds of the hotel form an ideal
lounging place from whence the tennis players can be watched
on the five superb courts which are at the disposal of the
In connection with the hotel is an excellent saddle-horse
and carriage livery, and pack ponies can be supplied for
camping parties on the trails.
Page Twenty-eight
^ Afternoon Tea on Verandah of Kootenay
Lake Hotel,  Balfour, B. C.
Page Twenty-nine rw,v>r^nr^
A tiny village situated on the opposite side of the outlet
may be visited. A short half-hour takes the visitor to
Proctor Falls, a beautiful Cascade on Proctor Creek, which
flows through the village. West of the village, and along the
shores of the "West Arm" of the Kootenay a number of
beautiful orchards may be visited.
A picturesque settlement of fine fruit ranches, distant four
miles, may be reached by launch or steamboat or the visitor
may go by way of an excellent road along the shores of the
lake, passing en route the Bridal Veil Falls.
Distant ten miles and on the west side of the lake, is a
mining village, perched on the steep hillside. An interesting
series of hot sulphur springs in their natural state may be
reached by five minutes' walk from the wharf.
A favorite fishing ground and one of the routes to the
Kokanee Glacier. The creek was evidently the scene of
much activity in the early days of British Columbia mining,
as the trail to the glacier passes the ruins of extensive machinery.
Distant twelve miles, and on the east side of the lake. A
day may be profitably spent visiting the historic Blue Bell
mine. This was one of the earlier, if not the earliest, mines
to operate in British Columbia. Before the days of the white
man the wandering Indian crudely smelted the surface ore
to obtain lead for his hut.
Balfour forms a convenient base from which to explore the
surrounding mountains. In the Kokanee Ridge, which can
be reached by way of Coffee Creek or Kokanee Creek, is a
glacier of considerable size, of which little is known to the
mountaineering world. Across the lake and somewhat
north, is the Purcell Range, a great area of which is unmapped
and unknown save to the wandering prospector. Here are
dozens of virgin peaks, some of which are in full view of the
The'' outlet'' of the lake forms a perfectly safe and delightful
place for rowing.
A number of excellent launches are kept in the hotel
livery and the motor-boat enthusiast can plan trips of varying
length up to fifty miles.
Visitors can obtain from the hotel boat livery the necessary
tackle and equipment to enjoy to the full the fishing that may
be had in the vicinity of Balfour. Strong trolling tackle
with a large spoon or artificial minnow, is most effective
for salmon, while for rainbow trout the most deadly flies are
the Professor, Perchachene, Bell and Royal Coachman.
Motor launches in charge of competent guides, who are
familiar with the best fishing grounds, are always available.
Five tennis courts in the hotel grounds are available for
the guests.    The Annual Tennis Tournament attracts large
numbers of visitors to this beautiful locality.
Launch hire-all round trip from Balfour
Launch, by day, with man, not more than six
people $12.50 per day
Launch, by hour, with man, not more than six
people ..'.    2.00 per hr.
Small Launch, without man, not more than
six people     6.50 per day
Launch Trips
To Crawford Bay (8 miles) not more than six people. $ 7.50
To Kaslo (25 miles) not more than six people   12.50
To Nelson (20 miles) not more than six people.... 10.00
To Ainsworth (6 miles) not more than six people. . 5.00
To Gray Creek (7 miles) not more than six people. 6.00
To Riondel (Blue Bell Mine) (8 miles) not more than
six people     7.50
To Midget Creek (22 miles) not more than six people.  10.00
Excursion Trips
To Pilot Bay, Minimum six people $1.00 per head
To Blue Bell & Ainsworth, Minimum six people 1.50 per head
To Midget Creek, Minimum six people.... 2.00 per head
To Nelson, Minimum six people  2.00 per head
Row Boat and Canoe Tariff
One person, first hour, with man $1.00
One person, each additional hour, with man 50
One person, first hour, without man 50
One person, each additional hour, without man 25
One person, per day, without man   1.50
Two or more persons, first hour, with man   1.00
Two or more persons, each additional hour, with man.  1.00
Two or more persons, first hour, without man 50
Two or more persons, each additional hour, without man    . 50
Two or more persons, per day, without man  2.00
Boat and Canoe Hire by Week  5.00
Competent fishing and hunting guides  4.50
Ferry rate to Proctor to be 25 cents.
The tariffs quoted in this folder are published only as
useful information to the traveling public. The Canadian
Pacific Railway Company does not guarantee their correctness, neither does it assume any responsibility for the acts or
default of any guide, liveryman, or transfer company.
Many guides and packers are available at the various
Canadian mountain resorts, and tourists and others may
make such arrangements for their mountain trips, camps,
drives, etc., as they desire.
Page Thirty Mount Bruce, (11.500 feet). (Photo H. W. Gleason
Page Thirty-one '?/C
HOTEL system
Name of Hotel, Plan, Distance from Station and
Transfer Charge
St. Andrews, N. B.
The Algonquin—
1 mile—25 cents.
McAdam, N. B.
McAdam Station Hotel A
At Station
Quebec, Que.
Chateau Frontenac       A
1 mile—50 cents.
Montreal, Que.
Place Viger Hotel A
At Place Viger Station
1 }/2 miles from Windsor
Station—50 cents      E
Winnipeg, Man.
The Royal Alexandra   E
At Station.
Calgary, Alta.
At Station.
Banff, Alta.
Banff Springs Hotel      A
1M miles—25 cents.
Lake Louise, Alta.
Chateau Lake Louise   A
2^ miles—50 cents.
Narrow Gauge Railway
Field, B. C.
Mt. Stephen House       A
At Station.
Yoho Valley Camp
Emerald Lake(near Field),
B. C.
Emerald Lake Chalet   A
7 miles—$1.00.
Glacier, B. C.
Glacier House A
At Station
Balfour, B. C.
Kootenay Lake Hotel   A
}4, mile.
Sicamous, B. C.
Hotel Sicamous
At Station.
Penticton, B. C.
Hotel Incola A
Near Steamer Wharf
Cameron Lake, B. C.
Cameron Lake Chalet A
Vancouver Island.
Vancouver, B. C.
Hotel Vancouver E
3^ mile—25 cents.
Victoria, B. C.
Empress Hotel E
100 yards—25 cents.
June 20-Sept.30
All year
All year
All year
All year
All year
May 15-Oct. 15
jJune 1-Oct. 15
All year
lJuly 1-Sept.  15
June 15-Sept.30
May 15-Oct. 15
June 15-Sept. 15
All year
All year
May 1-Sept. 30
All year
All year
Z o
$5.00 up
3.00 up
5.00 up
3.50 up
1.50 up
2.00 up
4.00   )
2.00   )up
4.00 up
5.00 up
4.00 up
4.00 up
4.00 up
3.50 up
3.50 up
3.00 up
2.00 up
2.00 up
1 B. $1.00
L.   1.25
1 D.   1.50
(B. .50
L. .75
(D.     .75
,B. 1.00
L. 1.00
'D.   1.50
B. .75
L. .75
D.   1.00
(a la carte
a la carte
(B. 1.00
IL. 1.00
<D. 1.25
also a la
( carte
(B. 1.00
<L. 1.00
(D.   1.50
I B. 1.00
^L. 1.00
(D.   1.50
B. .75
L. .75
B. .75
L. .75
D. 1.00
a la carte
a la carte
A—American.    E—European.    Rates subject to alteration.
G. M. Bosworth, Vice-President, Montreal
C.  E.  E.  USSHER. . .
W. R. MacInnes ...
Geo. McL. Brown.
C. B. Foster	
C. E. McPherson. .
W. H. Snell	
G. A. Walton	
H. W. Brodie	
H. E. MacDonnell
W. B. Lanigan	
H. G. Dring .
Geo. C. Wells	
A. O. Seymour	
J. O. Apps	
J. M. Gibbon	
Passenger Traffic Manager Montreal
Freight Traffic Manager Montreal
European Manager London, Eng.
Assistant Passenger Traffic Manager Montreal
Assistant Passenger Traffic Manager  Winnipeg
General Passenger Agent Montreal
General Passenger Agent. .  Winnipeg
General Passenger Agent Vancouver
Assistant Freight Traffic Manager Montreal
Assistant Freight Traffic Manager Winnipeg
General Passenger Agent London, Eng.
Assistant to Passenger Traffic Manager Montreal
General Tourist Agent Montreal
General Baggage Agent Montreal
General Publicity Agent Montreal
Auckland N. Z.
Belfast Ireland
Bellingham Wash.
Birmingham Eng.
Boston Mass
Brandon Man.
Brisbane Qd.
Bristol Eng.
Brockville Ont.
Buffalo N. Y.
Calcutta India.
Calgary Alta.
Canton  China.
Chicago III.
Cincinnati Ohio.
Cleveland Ohio.
Detroit Mich.
Duluth Minn.
Edmonton Alta.
Everett Wash.
Fort William Ont.
Glasgow Scotland.
Halifax N. S.
Hamilton Ont.
Hong Kong China.
Honolulu H. I.
Kansas City Mo.
Kingston Ont.
Kobe Japan.
Liverpool Eng.
London Eng.
London Ont.
Los Angeles Cal.
Melbourne Aus.
Milwaukee Wis.
Minneapolis Minn.
Montreal Que.
Nagasaki Japan.
Nelson B. C.
New York    N. Y.
Ottawa Ont.
Paris France.
Philadelphia Pa.
Pittsburgh Pa.
Portland Me .
Portland Ore.
Quebec Que.
Regina Sask.
Sault Ste. Marie. ..Ont.
Sault Ste. Marie.Mich.
St. John. N. B.
St. Louis Mo.
St. Paul Minn.
San Francisco Cal.
Seattle Wash.
Shanghai China.
Sherbrooke Que.
Spokane Wash.
Sydney Aus.
Tacoma Wash.
Toronto Ont.
Vancouver B. C.
Victoria  .B. C.
Washington D. C.
Winnipeg  .Man.
Yokohama Japan.
.Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
.Wm, McCalla, Agent 41 Victoria Street
. W. H. Gordon, Freight and Pass'r Agent... .113 West Holly
. W. T. Treadaway, Agent 4 Victoria Square
.E. F. L. Sturdee, General Agent Pass'r Dept.332 Washington
. J. A. McDonald, District Passenger Agent
. MacDonald Hamilton & Company.
.A. S. Ray, Agent 18 St. Augustine Parade
. Geo. McGlade, CityTkt.Agent, Cor. King St.andCourt House
. L. R. Hart, General Agent Passenger Dept... 302 Main Stree
t Thos. Cook & Son 9 Old Court House Street
• 1 Gillanders, Arbuthnot & Co.
.Robert Dawson.District Pass'rAgt.,113 Can.Pac.StationBldg.
. Jardone, Mathesin & Co.
.T. J. Wall, Gen'l Agt., Pass'r Dept 224 South Claris St.
.M. E. Malone, Gen'l Agent, Pass'r Dept., 436 Walnut Street
. Geo. A. Clifford, Gen'l Agent, Pass'r Dept., 213 Euclid Avenue
.A. E. Edmonds, Gen'l Agent, Pass'r Dept., 7 Fort Street West
.Jas. Maney, Gen'l Pass'r Agt., D. S. S. & A. Ry., Fidelity Bldg
. Chas. S. Fyfe, City Ticket Agent,.. 145 Jasper Avenue East
.A. B. Winter, Ticket Agent 1515 Hewitt Avenue
.A. J. Boreham, City Passenger Agent. .404 Victoria Avenue
.Thos. Russell, Agent 120 St. Vincent Street
. J. D. Chipman, City Pass'r and Frt. Agent. 37 George Street
.W. Mcllroy, City Pass'r Agent, Cor. King and James Street
.P. D. Sutherland, General Agent Pass'r Dept., C. P. O. S., Ltd
.Theo. H. Davies & Co.
. K. A. Cook, Traveling Passenger Agent, . 441 Sheidley Bldg.
.F. Conway, City Freight and Passenger Agent.
.J. D. Abell, Agent 1 Bund
.Thomas McNeil, Agent Royal Liver Bldg., Pier Head
(H. G. Dring, Gen'l Pass'r Agt 62-65 Charing Cross,S.W.
• IT. J. Smith, Gen'l Frt. Agt., 67-68 King William St., E. C.
.H. J. McCallum, City Passenger Agent, 161 Dundas Street
. A. A. Polhamus, Gen'l Agt., Pass'r Dept., 708 South Spring Stt
.Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.).. .Thos. Cook & Son
.F. T. Sansom, Passenger Agent, Soo Line, 100 Wisconsin St.
. R.S. Elworthy, Gen'l Agent, Pass'r Dept.,402 Nicollet Avenue
.A. E. Lalande, City Passenger Agent, 141-145 St. James Street
. Holme, Ringer & Co.
. J. S. Carter, District Passenger Agent.
( F. R. Perry,Gen'l Agt.Pass'rDept,1231Br'dway cor.30thSt.
. < G. O. Walton, City Passenger Agent. .  )    19q1   T*rnQriWQ,r
I International Sleeping Car Co   J   1231  Broadway
.T. Mullins, City Passenger Agent 42 Sparks Street
. Aug. Catoni, Agent 1 Rue Scribe
. R. C. Clayton, City Passenger Agent, 629-631 Chestnut Street
. C. L. Williams, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept 340 Sixth Street
.Leon W. Merritt, Ticket Agt., Maine Cent. R. R.,Union Dpt.
.J. V. Murphy, Gen'l Agent, Pass'r Dept., . .55 Third Street
. G. J. P. Moore, City Pass'r Agt.,30 St.John St..Cor.PalaceHill
.J. E. Proctor, District Passenger Agent, .1812 Scarth Street
.W. B. Moorehouse, City Passenger Agent.
.W. J. Atchison, City Passenger Agent. ...224 Ashmun Street
.M. G. Murphy, District Passenger Agent, 40-42 King Street
.E. L. Sheehan, General Agent Pass'r Dept...725 Olive Street
.B. E. Smeed, City Pass'r Agent, Soo Line, 379 Robert Street
.F. L. Nason, Gen'l Agent Pass'r Dept., . .645 Market Street
.E. E. Penn, General Agent Pass'r Dept. .713 Second Avenue
.A. J. Blaisdell, Gen'l Agent Passenger Dept., C.P.O.S., Ltd.
.E. H. Sewell, City Passenger Agent.. . .74 Wellington Street
.W. H. Deacon, City Passenger Agent. . .603 Sprague Avenue
.Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)
.H. M. Beyers, City Passenger Agent 1113 Pacific Avenue
( W. B. Howard, District Pass. Agent . ) . vi' Q+T.Q^ ™0£„.
• \ W. Fulton, Asst. Dist. Pass'r Agent.. ( * KinS street' East
. J. Moe, City Passenger Agent.. . .434 Hastings Street, West
.L. D. Chetham, City Passenger Agent, 1102 Government St.
. C. E. Phelps, City Passenger Agent, 1419 New York Avenue
.A. G. Richardson, District Pass'r Agt., Main and Portage Ave.
,G. M. Jackson, Gen'l Agt.,Pass'r Dept..C.P.O.T.,Ltd.,14Bund jCanauan Rogues
^liyispi BicifiG Rse
!»vv""?e-«:AWITH   BRANCH   LINES
jlipii§!» CONNECHQNS o.S/&*mira


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