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Pacific coast tours through the Canadian Rockies Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1924

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Wm§iM»M Canadian Pacific Hotels
Banff Springs Hotel, Banff, Alberta
A magnificent hotel in the heart of Rocky Mountains National Park, backed
by three splendid mountain ranges. Alpine climbing, motoring and drives on
good roads, bathing, hot sulphur springs, golf, tennis, fishing, boating and riding.
Open May 15th to September 30th. European plan. \f£ miles from station
Altitude 4,625 feet.
Chateau Lake Louise, Lake Louise, Alberta
A wonderful hotel facing an exquisite Alpine Lake in Rocky Mountains
National Park. Alpine climbing with Swiss guides, pony trips or walks to Lakes
in the Clouds, Saddleback, etc., drives or motoring to Moraine Lake, boating,
fishing. Open June 1st to September 30th. European plan. 33^ miles from
station  by motor railway.    Altitude 5,670 feet.
Emerald Lake Chalet, near Field, B. C.
A charming Chalet hotel situated at the foot of Mount Burgess, amidst the
picturesque Alpine scenery of the Yoho National Park. Roads and trails to the
Burgess Pass, Yoho Valley, etc. Boating and fishing. Open June 15th to September  15th.    American plan.    Seven miles from station.    Altitude 4,262 feet.
Glacier House, Glacier, B.C.
In the heart of the Selkirks. Splendid Alpine climbing and glacier exploring,
driving, riding and hiking. Open June 15th to September 15th. American plan.
\^2 miles from station.    Altitude 4,086 feet.
Hotel Sicamous, Sicamous, B. C.
Junction for the orchard districts of the Okanagan Valley, and stop-over
point for those who wish to see the Thompson and Fraser canyons by daylight.
Lake Shuswap district offers good boating, and excellent trout fishing and hunting in season.    Open all year.    American plan.    At station.    Altitude 1,146 feet
Hotel Vancouver, Vancouver, B. C.
The largest hotel on the North Pacific Coast, overlooking the Strait of Georgia,
and serving equally the business man and the tourist. Situated in the heart of
the shopping district of Vancouver. Golf, motoring, fishing, hunting, bathing,
steamer excursions.    Open all year.     European plan.    One-half mile from station!
Empress Hotel, Victoria, B. C.
A luxurious hotel in this Garden City of the Pacific Coast. An equable
climate has made Victoria a favorite summer and winter resort. Motoring,
yachting, sea and stream fishing, shooting and all-year golf. Open all year!
European plan.    Facing wharf.
Hotel Palliser, Calgary, Alberta
A handsome hotel of metropolitan standard, in this prosperous city of southern
Alberta. Suited equally to the business man and the tourist en route to or from
the Canadian Pacific Rockies. Good golfing and motoring. Open all year.
European plan.    At station.
Royal Alexandra Hotel, Winnipeg, Manitoba
A popular hotel in the largest city of western Canada, appealing to those
who wish to break their transcontinental journey. The centre of Winnipeg's
social life. Good golfing and motoring. Open all year. European plan. At
A charming hotel in Canada's largest city.    Open
all year.
A metropolitan hotel in the most historic city of
North America.    Open all year.
A commercial  and sportsman's hotel.    Open  all
The social  centre  of  Canada's  most fashionable
seashore   summer   resort.    Open   June   28th    to
September 6th.
Place Viger Hotel,
Montreal, Quebec
Chateau Frontenac,
Quebec, Quebec
McAdam Hotel,
McAdam, N. B.
The Algonquin,
St. Andrews, N. B.
Moraine ^ake, Alta Moraine Lake Camp
Banff Windermere        I Storm Mountain Bungalow Camp
Automobile Highway \j-^^^^^^^^
Hector, B. C Wapta Camp
Hector, B. C Lake O'Hara Camp
Field, B. C  Yoho Valley Camp
Lake Windermere, B. C. Lake Windermere Camp
Penticton, B. C Hotel Incola
Cameron Lake, B.C Cameron Lake Chalet
Strathcona Lodge, B. C Strathcona Lodge
Kenora, Ont Devil's Gap Camp
Nipigon, Ont Nipigon River Camp
French River, Ont     French River Camp
Digby, N. S The Pines
Kentville, N.S Cornwallis Inn rip    :
PACIFIC     COAST     TOURS     through     the     CANADIAN     PACIFIC
THE Pacific is the greatest and the last of
oceans—the greatest in extent, the last to
be discovered by the European, the last to be
made a theatre for maritime history. Of all the
lands bordering its far-flung coast, British Columbia is in some respects the most promising to the
settler, as well as the most picturesquely varied
to the tourist.
It was in 1745, when the French regime in
North America was drawing toward a close,
that Michael Novidskof sailed eastward in his
moss-calked, skin-sewn shallop in pursuit pf sea
otter, till, in the Island of Attu, he touched the
antenna of a continent. Other Russian fur traders
followed. The whole slender, volcanic Aleutian
chain gradually became known to them; but,
though Russia touched Alaska, she turned back
across the Pacific.
Meantime France was reconnoitring frotai the
east. La Verendrye crept across the vast prairies,
sighted the foothills, saw, perhaps, the looming
peaks beyond. Later, in 1751, de Niverville followed, made his way up the muddy waters of the
Saskatchewan, and would doubtless have ventured into the Rockies but that tidings out of
the east called him to help Montcalm against the
invading British. Thus France, too, came to the
gateway of the Land of Promise. In 17/4 the
Indians of British Columbia sighted their first
vessel, a great-winged bird of happy omen, they
thought, bearing its Spanish captain, Juan Perez,
in search of new land in which to plant a cross
and raise gold. In 1 769 the colonization of California began, but was not pressed northward,
and thus Spain came to British Columbia, graded
in furs at its doorway and sailed away again.
In 1792 Captain Vancouver sailed from England in the
"Discovery," rounded the Horn, and left his name as a
gift for a great island and a greater city. A year later
Alexander Mackenzie pushed through the Rockies by the
Peace River Pass and stood beside the Pacific. He was a
partner in the North West Company. Simon Fraser was
another Nor'wester, who ran the rapids of the river which
bears his name, and reached the Pacific in 1806.
What with the rivalries of the Hudson's Bay, the Nor'-
westers and the subsequently formed Pacific Fur Company,
to say nothing of tribal warfare among the Indians, the
Pacific Coast in the early nineteenth century became a
spectacular spot. In '58 an additional element of lawless
picturesqueness was stirred in by the advent of 30,000
goldseekers, who rushed north from San Francisco bound
for the rumor-land around the Fraser and Thompson rivers.
In 1871 the Canadian Pacific was begun: eleven different
surveys across the mountains were patiently worked out,
only that ten of them might be ruthlessly cast aside. It was
not till November 7, 1885, that the last spike was driven
linking the Pacific Coast of Canada with the Atlantic.
Today the tourist may join the annual pilgrimage of happy pleasure-seekers who visit Banff,
may stand on some conquered peak from which
the endless mountain prospect radiates four
hundred miles to the Pacific, a thousand to the
Arctic, a thousand and more southward.
He may travel to matchless Lake Louise,
where Nature has composed her mountains, her
glaciers, her forests, into a picture as endlessly
changing in light effect as it is forever fixed and
satisfying in wonder of line and balance of color-
Seated in a comfortable observation chair or
open car, he may glide down the Kicking Horse
Canyon, where, in 1883, Sir Sanford Fleming
recorded that he and his guides and his cayuses
were "from five to eight hundred feet high on a
path of from ten to fifteen inches wide and at
some points almost obliterated, with slopes above
and below us so steep that a stone would roll
into the torrent in the abyss below/'
Leaving the Rockies, the tourist may slide
through the Columbia Valley and up into the
mighty Selkirks. He may dip south to the
pastoral charms of the enchanting Lake Windermere district or into the orchards of the Okanagan
country; he may reach Vancouver city and take
passage across the Pacific. Or he may take a
Canadian Pacific steamer up the coast to marvellous Alaska, where volcano and glacier are set
beside each other and the fiord country rivals
Norway, where the salmon cannery beats the
gold mine and the fur seal grows fat and lusty
in the protected Pribilofs.
Finally he may come back again across the
width of a mighty continent by different ways
of equal comfort, without once leaving the lines
of what is the world's greatest highway, the
Canadian Pacific Railway.
Page Two
TPHE main line of the Canadian Pacific traverses
or adjoins four of the magnificent national
parks of Canada— Rocky Mountains Park, the
chief centres of which are Banff and Lake Louise,
Yoho Park, centring at Field, Glacier Park, one
of the finest mountain-climbing regions of North
America, and Mount Revelstoke Park. These
national parks have every kind of inducement to
offer the nature-lover. Two other parks can be
reached from the Canadian Pacific—Kootenay
Park, which cuts wedge-shape into Rocky Mountains Park, and is traversed by the Banff-
Windermere automobile highway, which turns off
south opposite Castle Mountain, half-way between Banff and Lake Louise; and Waterton
Lakes Park, in southern Alberta.
T7ROM the roof garden of the Palliser Hotel at
Calgary one can see the glistening peaks of
the Canadian Pacific Rockies sixty miles away—
a dramatic glimpse of a far-flung line of blue,
hung among the clouds and quivering in the
warm summer air, sharp as a knife blade. The
train enters the Rockies by the ancient, glacier-
grooved Bow Valley, fringed with dark evergreen
trees, first climbing the foothills and then winding through narrow passes eroded in the great
gray bulk of the first ranges.
HTHREE transcontinental trains a day are oper-
ated through the Canadian Pacific Rockies to
Vancouver—and in the summer months a fourth,
the Trans-Canada Limited. This is the fastest
long-distance train of the American continent,
and makes the run from Montreal in 90 hours
and from Toronto in 86 hours. It is an exclusive
all-sleeping-car train, carrying standard and
compartment sleepers, observation car and dining car.    No excess fare.
The other three trains are the Imperial, from
Montreal, the Vancouver Express, from Toronto,
and the Soo-Pacific Express, from Chicago, St.
Paul and Minneapolis.  Page Four Page Five BANFF
D ANFF is the capital of Rocky Mountains Park,
*-* which has nearly 700 miles of trail radiating
in all directions. Here the Canadian Pacific
Railway has placed the most beautifully situated
and luxuriously comfortable mountain hotel in
the world, overlooking the junction of the Bow
and the Spray rivers. Within easy reach are
gentle climbs and gorgeous panoramas, the
picturesque and brilliantly colored terraces of
the Hot Springs; together with stiff and challenging ascents like that of Mount Edith for the
graduated Alpinist, who very often makes his
headquarters with the Alpine Club of Canada,
on the slopes of Sulphur Mountain.
Buffalo, mountain sheep, mountain goat, and other
animals at Banff are a never-failing source of interest.
There are numerous interesting spots in the vicinity,
all easily accessible by good carriage roads and bridle
paths. A short distance from Banff Springs Hot£l are the
Bow Falls, a cataract of wonderful beauty; Tunnel Mountain, from which a splendid view of the valley is obtained,
and the Cave and Basin, a remarkable formation from
which gush natural sulphur springs. Within a radius of
three miles are the Hoodoos, natural concrete pillars of
various shapes and sizes, Cascade Mountain, Stoney Squaw
Mountain, the beautiful Vermilion Lakes, the Buffalo
Park, Sundance Canyon, a deep and curious cleft in the
mountain, and the Upper Hot Springs, on Sulphur Mountain. At a distance of eight miles is Lake Minnewanka,
a beautiful sheet of water, sixteen miles long, extremely
deep and walled in by tremendous cliffs, and the home of
huge fighting trout. A wonderful river trip up the Bow
can be made by electric launch. There are attractive
automobile trips, as for example to Johnston Canyon,
where an excellent trail leads to a great waterfall, or to
Lake Louise. Good climbing for both amateur and experienced Alpinist can be obtained around Banff. For those
seeking to get close to the heart of Nature there are a
variety of fine pony trips, such as to the Spray Lakes or
the Kananaskis Lakes, or to Mount Assiniboine.
The new Banff-Windermere automobile highway over
the Vermilion Pass has now made accessible the exquisitely beautiful Marble Canyon. This road has opened up
a magnificent Alpine country, hitherto known only to the
trapper and the hunter, through eighty miles of pass and
canyon. At Lake Windermere there is a rustic bungalow
camp with accommodation for fifty people. Three new
camps have also been established on this automobile
road. Lake Windermere can also be reached by; rail from
Golden. 1
Excellent golf links have been laid out at Banff and
there are beautiful river trips.
T AKE LOUISE bears the liquid music, the
*^ soft color notes of its name, into the realm of
the visible. Behind its turquoise mirror rise the
stark immensities of Mounts Lefroy and Victoria,
the latter "the big snow mountain above the Lake
of Little Fishes" of which the wandering Stonies
used to tell. Here, on the margin of this most
perfect lake, the Canadian Pacific has placed its
Chateau in one of those wonderful Alpine flower
gardens in which the Rockies abound. Yellow
violets and columbines, white anemones and
green orchids, make merry with the red-flowered
sheep laurel and the white-tufted Labrador tea.
Be he never so lazy, the tourist has something
to reward him in this gay garden backed with the
rich-toned lake and the milky green of the glacier.
Lake Agnes, "the Goats' Looking Glass," as the Indians
used to call it, is a wild tarn shut in by sombre cliffs, a
thousand feet above Lake Louise. Here the great white
anemone blooms by the late snowdrift and there is the
silence of eternity among the high hills. It is reached
from the hotel by an easy trail which also takes in the
lovely Mirror Lake. The trail continues to the Big Beehive,
or to the lookout on the Little Beehive, commanding a
magnificent panorama of lake, glacier and mountain.
It is a three-mile trip to Saddleback Mountain, which
affords an admirable view of the lovely Paradise Valley,
and has a delightful little rest and tea house. At a distance
of about ten miles is Moraine Lake, situated at the head
of the Valley of the Ten Peaks and reached over a good
carriage road recently constructed. On the shore of the
lake, in the midst of scenes of surpassing beauty, is Moraine
Lake Camp. Consolation Lake, about three miles further
by trail, provides good trout fishing. The Victoria Glacier,
a great palisade of hanging snow, Abbott Pass, a deep
canyon between Mounts Victoria and Lefroy, Paradise
Valley and the Ptarmigan Lakes are among the notable
spots well worthy of a visit. The new Upper Glacier Trail
to Victoria Glacier is of exceptional interest and beauty.
An Alpine hut has been built at Abbott Pass to enable
climbers to spend the night and view the magnificent
panorama of Alps at sunrise.
CIX miles west of Lake Louise is the Great Divide, at
once the highest elevation of the Canadian Pacific, the
boundary between Alberta and British Columbia, and
the very backbone of the continent. Marked by a rustic
arch, a stream of water divides, by one of those freaks by
which Nature diverts herself, into two little brooks that
have vastly different fates. The waters that flow to the
east eventually reach the Atlantic Ocean; the rivulet that
runs west adds its mite to the volume of the Pacific.
Page Six
pROM the Great Divide to Field, a distance
of fourteen miles, the railway descends nearly
a quarter of a mile. Formerly this section, with
a gradient of 4.5 per cent, was extremely difficult
to operate, but by the construction of two tunnels the length of the line was increased sufficiently to permit of reducing this gradient to 2.2
per cent. These are the "Spiral Tunnels" under
Cathedral Mountain and Mount Ogden. Through
them the railway turns two complete circles,
roughly in the form of a figure eight, passing
under itself twice and emerging from these tunnels over one hundred feet lower than it entered them.
YfTAPTA CAMP, a rustic bungalow camp,
has been located on a picturesque site two
miles west of the Great Divide, for the convenience of those wishing to visit the Yoho
Valley and Lake O'Hara. It has accommodation
for fifty people, at moderate rates. The station
for the camp is Hector.
At beautiful Lake O'Hara, to the south, is a smaller camp,
which will this year be enlarged to accommodate twenty-
eight people. It is reached by an excellent trail from
Wapta Camp. The Yoho Valley Camp can also be reached
from here.
'"THE beautiful Yoho Valley can be reached
by several routes — either by road from
Wapta Camp, by carriage road from Field (a
lovely drive or ride of eleven miles in each
direction), by trail from Emerald Lake over
Yoho Pass, or by trail from Field over Burgess
Takakkaw Falls are formed by a single thread of water
dropping 1,200 feet into a still and mighty-treed valley.
Opposite the falls Yoho Valley Camp, with accommodation
for twenty-eight people, provides a convenient centre for
excursions either to the upper valley or to Emerald Lake.
For those who make the journey over the Yoho Pass, a
rest house where luncheon is served is provided at Summit
The Upper Yoho Valley can be visited by a trail which
continues past Laughing Falls and the great Wapta Glacier,
to the curious Twin Falls, whose divided waters unite in
one stream before reaching the depths below. A rest house
has been built at Twin Falls. *w& PACIFIC     COAST     TOURS     through     the     CANADIAN     PACIFIC     ROCKIES
I7MERALD LAKE, as green as its name, is a
seven-mile carriage drive from Field, at the
end of which accommodation may be obtained
at the cosy Emerald Lake Chalet, which, with its
club house and one and two-room bungalow
chalets, now has accommodation for sixty people. An attractive two-day riding trip can be
made from Emerald Lake Chalet, spending a night at
Yoho Valley Camp, and continuing next day up the Kicking Horse Pass to Wapta Camp.
Other pleasant excursions may be made to points of
interest within a short distance of Field, such as the Fossil
Beds, Natural Bridge, and the Ottertail road.
A T GOLDEN one reaches the Columbia River,
which here flows north until it turns at the
Big Bend for its southward flow to the Pacific
Ocean. Golden is the junction for a new branch
line of the Canadian Pacific Railway, which runs
between the Rockies and the Selkirk Mountains
and passes through highly picturesque scenery
past Lake Windermere to the Crowsnestj line of
the Canadian Pacific Railway. The creeks which
open up the great Selkirk Range to the south of tl>is valley
provide access to some of the most spectacular Alpine
scenery in North America, while the hunting and fishing
in season are also good.
At Lake Windermere, south of Golden, a bungalow
summer camp is situated on the shores of one of the
loveliest warm-water lakes in British Columbia, with every
facility for bathing, boating, riding and motoring in a
country of exceptional beauty. Lake Windermere can be
reached also from Banff or Lake Louise, by the new
motor road (see page 6).
NT EAR the summit of Selkirk Range lies
*- ^ Glacier, in the midst of a region of mighty
peaks and glaciers. Here, in Glacier National
Park, a magnificent mountain area of austerity
and high isolation, the Canadian Pacific has
another mountain hotel, the ever popular Glacier
House. Seemingly only a few hundred feet away
from the hotel, but in reality more than two
miles, the massive ice piles of the great Illecillewaet Glacier heap up. To its left towers the
monolith of Mount Sir Donald to a height of a
mile and a quarter above the railway. Glacier
is one of the favorite climbing centres of the
Canadian Pacific Rockies, and the wide sweep
of peaks, glaciers and snowfields that the eye
comprehends from the hotel is of extraordinary
Leading from the hotel a good trail follows the turbulent course of the Illecillewaet River to the Illecillewaet
Glacier: other trails branch off in all directions, inviting
and leading the mountain climber, explorer and lover of
Nature to scenes of marvellous grandeur and enchanting
beauty. Glacier Crest, Lake Marion and Observation
Point are among the shorter and easier ascents. Mount
Abbott is a day's climb but not a difficult one. From
its summit an exceptionally fine view is obtained of
the Asulkan Valley. Easy trails also lead up to the
summits of Eagle Peak and Mountain Avalanche. The
ascent of Mount Sir Donald is more difficult, but with
the assistance of experienced guides may readily be accomplished.
An excellent trail leads to the Asulkan Glacier, through
scenes of Alpine splendor, and the remarkable Nakimu
Caves are distant only about seven miles from Glacier
House by carriage road and bridle path. These wonderful
caverns, said to be larger than the Mammoth Caves of
Kentucky, have been formed partly by the action of water
for ages upon the solid rock, partly by seismic disturbances,
and constitute a series of chambers with large entrances,
polished rock ceilings, and walls which sparkle with quartz
crystals and reflect myriads of miniature lights.
Just before reaching Glacier Station the train
enters the double-track Connaught Tunnel, the
longest tunnel in North America, which pierces
its way through Mount Macdonald. From
portal to portal this tunnel measures five miles,
but so straight is the line that the exits are
never out of sight.
'T'HE Company's own Swiss guides are stationed
at  Lake  Louise and Glacier,  and may  be
engaged through the managers of the Canadian Pacific
From Glacier, the route descending the western slope
of the Selkirks follows the valley of the Illecillewaet near
Albert Canyon, a marvellous gorge of great depth and
startling fascination. Revelstoke is an important centre,
from which there is rail and steamship communication
with the rich Kootenay and Boundary districts to the
south. A motor road has been constructed almost to the
top of Mount Revelstoke, which has now been converted
into a national park.
Page Eight
AT SICAMOUS an excellent hotel is operated
by the Canadian Pacific, and is especially
convenient either for those who wish to stop off
somewhere and make the all-daylight trip through
the Canadian Pacific Rockies, or for those who
are visiting the fertile fruit-growing Okanagan
Valley, for which this is the junction.
I^AMLOOPS, the junction of the North and
South Thompson rivers, is the beginning of
the magnificent canyon country through which
we shall travel virtually all the way to Vancouver.
The canyons are second only to the Rockies in
spectacular scenery, and the traveller is well
repaid if he will stay overnight at Sicamous so
that he can travel them in daylight. The mountains draw together as the train winds along
ledges cut on their face; tunnels penetrate the
headlands and lofty bridges span the ravines.
At Lytton the canyon widens to admit the Fraser, the
largest river of British Columbia, which comes down from
the north between two great lines of mountain peaks, and
whose turbid flood soon absorbs the bright green waters
of the Thompson. The scenery grows wilder than ever.
The great river is forced between vertical walls of black
rock, where, repeatedly thrown back upon itself by opposing cliffs, it madly foams and roars. Ten miles below
North Bend is the famous "Hell's Gate," where two jutting
promontories suddenly compress the river and force it to
escape in a roaring cataract through a bottle-necked outlet.
The railway follows the canyon at often a considerable
height above the river bank: the track, hewn from solid
rock, not only crosses from side to side in the canyon, but
also tunnels through great rock spans. Presently the
canyon widens out, and we reach a meadow-like country
through which we roll to Vancouver.
F\ I VERGING from the main line of theCana-
*-^ dian Pacific at Medicine Hat, an attractive
alternative route, between Medicine Hat and
Revelstoke, is offered via the Crowsnest Pass Route,
affording a most delightful steamer trip on the Kootenay
Lake from Kootenay Landing to Nelson, continuing by
rail to West Robson, from which point another steamer
: Page Nine    trip may be enjoyed through the beautiful Arrow Lakes
to Arrowhead, joining the main line at Revelstoke for
the rest of the trip to Vancouver.
A new route passing through scenery of exceptional
beauty takes the traveller from Nelson, via Grand Forks
and Penticton and the orchard districts of the Okanagan
Valley, over the Kettle Valley Railway, rejoining the main
line at Hope. Grand Forks is the gateway to the Boundary
mining district, and the centre of a fertile apple country.
The Coquihalla Valley from Summit to Hope provides
wonderful fishing.
"D EFORE reaching Kootenay Lake, an alterna-
tive can be followed by taking a branch line
to Kingsgate, whence the Spokane International
Railroad can be traversed into Spokane. Through
cars are run to Spokane.
Spokane, capital of "the Inland Empire," is an important financial and commercial city, with huge smelters,
mines, waterfalls, power plants, and an exceedingly prosperous agricultural territory within its sphere. From it
also can be easily reached some very delightful scenery.
From Spokane connections can be made in all directions.
T^HE terminal of the Canadian Pacific's trans-
continental rail lines and its trans-Pacific
steamship routes, Vancouver is the largest commercial centre in British Columbia, and has an excellent
harbor nearly landlocked and fully sheltered. It faces a
beautiful range of mountains. Two peaks, silhouetted
against the sky, remarkably resembling two couchant
lions, are visible from almost any point in the city or on
the harbor, which has appropriately been termed "The
Lion's Gate."
In and around Vancouver are immense lumber and
shingle mills. Mining, lumbering, farming, shipping and
shipbuilding form the bulwark of the city's phenomenal
growth and prosperity.
All kinds of water sports are possible at Vancouver,
and are encouraged by a mild climate and extensive
bodies of water. There are many bathing beaches, parks,
boulevards, automobile roads and paved streets. Stanley
Park, is practically a primeval forest situated within the
city limits.
The Hotel Vancouver, operated by the Canadian Pacific,
is the finest hotel on the North Pacific Coast, very conveniently located, and has a high reputation for the excellence of its service. Wonderful views can be had from the
roof of this great hotel. Vancouver has five admirable
golf courses which are open to visitors.
It is only a short run by Canadian Pacific Railway
steamer to Nanaimo, where the Esquimalt & Nanaimo
Railway connects with the beauty spots of Vancouver
From Vancouver Canadian Pacific Empress steamships
cross the Pacific to Japan, China and the Philippines. The
two new vessels, "Empress of Canada" and "Empress of
Australia", are the largest, newest, finest and fastest
steamships on the Pacific Ocean. The Canadian-Australasian line runs regularly from Vancouver to Honolulu,
Suva (Fiji), New Zealand and Australia.
(^HARMINGLY situated on Vancouver Island,
overlooking the straits of Juan de Fuca,
Victoria drinks in the sunshine and smiles at the
traveller. It is distinctly a home city, with fine roads and
beautiful gardens, although its enterprising business district, composed of imposing stores and tall office buildings,
speaks of a rich commerce drawn from a territory full of
forest, mineral and agricultural resources. Victoria's
beauty lies in her residential districts, her boulevards, her
parks and her public buildings. The Parliament Buildings
of British Columbia rank among the handsomest in
The Empress Hotel, another of the chain of Canadian
Pacific institutions, gives the guest attention and service
equalled only by the best in the land. It overlooks the
inner harbor and is within a stone's throw of the Parliament Buildings. Golf facilities on five fine courses can be
arranged for visitors to the hotel.
From Victoria delightful excursions may be made into
the interior of Vancouver Island, either by automobile or
by the Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway. The Malahat
Drive is a luxuriously smooth and picturesque motor road.
Excellent hotels are to be found at Shawnigan Lake and
Qualicum Beach and a delightful little chalet inn at Cameron Lake. Mount Arrowsmith proves one of the best
climbs and Qualicum Beach has a good sporting golf
course. There is no better fishing on the Pacific Coast
than that which one finds on the Campbell River, reached
by motor from Courtenay, the northern terminus of the
Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway. The immense Douglas
fir forests on this beautiful island and the balmy climate
make it wonderfully attractive to the tourist.
I7ROM Vancouver the palatial yacht-like
"Princess" steamers of the Canadian Pacific
will carry the traveller to Alaska. This exceedingly popular side-trip can be made in nine days,
although any one with more time to spare will
Page Fourteen
be well repaid if he spends longer than this, and
penetrates farther into the wonderful "Land
of the Midnight Sun."
The trip is a thousand-mile one through the
famous "Inside Passage," winding between the
long fringe of islands and the mainland as
through a fairyland. It introduces one to magnificent scenery of a character unknown elsewhere in North America—long fiord-like channels, looming glacier-clad mountains that dip
deeply into them, gaily painted totem poles,
Indians, gold mines, and always the purple
glories of the Alaska sunset.
Running out from Vancouver, the first stop is Alert
Bay, a little fishing town with some deeply picturesque
totem poles. The next day Prince Rupert is reached, and
a few hours later Ketchikan, the first Alaskan port and a
very flourishing community. Then comes Wrangell, and
beyond the Taku Glacier—a famous glacier that extends
back over 90 miles. Then, turning up the Gastineau
Channel, the ship reaches Juneau, capital of Alaska.
During the several hours that are allowed on shore
leave here, a visit can be made to the highly interesting
museum, or by automobile to the Mendenhall Glacier.
Juneau has a large gold ore-crushing plant, a big trade in
furs and fish, and first-class hotels and restaurants.
And then, eight hours north, up the beautiful Lynn
Canal, is our terminus, Skagway—Skagway the celebrated
camp of the Klondyke rush of '98, then the wildest and
wickedest town in the world, but now a model of propriety. In summer it is a riot of color with its gay gardens. It, too, has good hotels, and there are plenty of diversions to occupy the 36-hour lay-over of the steamer—
such as the excursion to West Taku Arm.
HPHOSE who wish to go farther can travel by
rail from Skagway—the White Pass & Yukon
Route, which takes one almost literally over
the roof of the world. It is a run of about 8 hours
by this line over the steep White Pass to Whitehorse, in the Yukon Territory, passing en route
the beautiful Lake Bennett. From Whitehorse,
a little frontier town on a tributary of the
mighty Yukon River, the same company's steamer
can be taken still farther north to Dawson,
centre of the Klondyke gold mining region. This
is a trip occupying, from Whitehorse and back,
about seven days.  PACIFIC     COAST     TOURS     through     the     CANADIAN     PACIFIC     ROCKIES
A shorter side-trip, which can be taken independently
or in combination with the Whitehorse trip, is to Lake
Atlin. Taking the W. P. & Y. train, a change is made at
Carcross to a steamer which carries one eastward to this
lovely lake, which in magnificence of scenery vies with
any in the world. At the village of Atlin, the railway has
established a commodious and comfortable tourist hotel,
which every summer houses an increasing number of visitors.
'T'HE short but interesting trip on Puget Sound
should not be omitted from the itinerary.    If
requested when purchasing, it will be included
in through tickets without additional charge.   (See route
No. 1, on map.)
The Company's Princess steamers, operating on this
route,  are the fastest and best equipped in the Pacific
coastwise trade.
AT VANCOUVER, B. C, the Canadian Pacific
■    Railway  connects with the Great Northern
Railway for Bellingham, Burlington, Everett and
This is an alternative route to Seattle and points south,
but tickets reading by rail will not be good via steamship,
or vice versa, between Vancouver and Seattle. (Route
No. 2, all rail.)
CPLENDIDLY located on Puget Sound, moun-
tain-girt and fringed with lakes, Seattle is
the largest city in the State of Washington, and
one of the most important on the Pacific Coast.
It is a beautiful and progressive community
situated on the slopes of the hills that front the
Sound, and has a fine harbor accessible to the
largest vessels afloat.
Lake Washington, a body of fresh water about twenty
miles long and three miles wide, bounds the city on the
east, and is now connected with the Sound by the Lake
Washington Canal, a very notable feat of engineering
with a great and important bearing upon Seattle's future.
The down-town business section of Seattle has many
large buildings, including one of forty-two stories—the
highest in America outside of New York.
Seattle has a very pleasant residential section, especially in the vicinity of the University of Washington, and
many beautiful parks, beaches and summer resorts.    A
large number of enjoyable trips can be made from Seattle
by train, steamer and motor, such as to Bellingham,
Everett, Tacoma and Mount Rainier. Hundreds of miles
of good roads radiate from the city.
TPACOMA, the southernmost of the quartette
of North Pacific cities that cluster along the
Gulf of Georgia and Puget Sound, stands on a
bluff at the head of deep water navigation on
the Sound. It is the gateway to Rainier. National Park, and is connected with Seattle by excellent motor roads, as well as by train.
It is known as the "Lumber Capital" of America on
account of the quantity of lumber manufactured and
shipped from here. Vast furniture factories make it the
Grand Rapids of the West.
DAINIER NATIONAL PARK is easily acces-
* - sible from either Seattle or Tacoma. For
the hiker, there is the enjoyment of attempting
the ascent to Columbia Crest, the summit, or in
climbing the other peaks in the park that require
less preliminary training and can be made without guides. The tourist can also view the wonderful scenery of the park from the saddle, as
one of the most interesting trips is a 3 }4-hour
horseback jaunt along Skyline Trail.
But it is not necessary even to hike or ride to feast on
the beauty of Mount Rainier, as the vacationist can
view the majestic scenery from the veranda of Paradise
Inn, located in beautiful Paradise Valley. One can have
luncheon at sea level at Seattle or Tacoma, and after a
delightful automobile ride dine at the Inn.
The Wonderland Trail, 145 miles long, encircles the
mountain. In the twelve days' trip the traveller meets
with endlessly changing panoramas of mountain and
glacier, canyon and forest, lakes and rivers and wild flowers.
Mount Rainier is 14,408 feet high.
DORTLAND, Oregon, famous for its Annual
Rose Festival held in June, is so located
as to permit trips of widely diverse nature. The
steamer trip up the Columbia River into the
Cascade Mountains is one of the most interesting.    The Columbia Highway is a magnificent
Page Sixteen
motor road leading along the bluffs overlooking
the Columbia. One can go down the river to
Astoria and along the ocean shore to Seaside, or
up the river to Hood River and The Dalles.
Turning south from The Dalles one can follow
the California Highway to Crater Lake and
Klamath Falls.
The ascent of Mount Hood (11,225 feet) requires only
three or four days from Portland for the entire trip.
Mount Adams (12,307) can be visited from Trout Lake
village, three hours by automobile from White Salmon,
which is across the river from Hood River.
DASSENGERS en route to California have the
choice of either an overland trip or a sea voyage from North Pacific Coast points. From
Portland to San Francisco the picturesque Shasta
Route of the Southern Pacific, the Pacific Steamship
Company, or the San Francisco & Portland Steamship
Company may be used; from Victoria or Seattle steamers
of the Pacific Steamship Company maintain a regular
service to San Francisco and Wilmington (port for Los
CAN FRANCISCO, a port of all flags on an
ocean of world commerce, is one of the most
distinctive cities on the American continent.
Possessing one of the largest landlocked harbors in the world, with an area of 450 square
miles, San Francisco has an imperial position
which is emphasized by the blithe architecture
of the buildings topping her bold hills.
The city itself stands upon the promontory of
the northern part of San Francisco peninsula,
with an outlook in every direction. To the east
are the bay, hills and populous cities of Alameda
County. To the north are the Golden Gate, the
Marin County hills and majestic Tamalpais,
mountain of the sea. To the west are the expanses of the Pacific, and to the south San Francisco
Bay again, extending into the orchard-filled
valley of Santa Clara. San Francisco Bay rivals
that of Naples, and the Golden Gate leading
into it was so named from its resemblance to
Constantinople's Golden Horn. Page Seventeen
m®m ~":' -"   ■ .
PACIFIC     COAST     TOURS     through     the     CANADIAN     PACIFIC     ROCKIES
Parks, elaborate and well designed, are thronged with
people. The largest, Golden Gate Park, containing 1,013
acres, is an area of loveliness. The cafes, of which there
are hundreds, are famed for their good fellowship and their
good cooking.
In the immediate vicinity of San Francisco are enough
short pleasure trips to keep a tourist delighted and busy
for months. There are Mount Tamalpais, the Muir
Woods, the trip down the ocean shore, Mount Hamilton
Observatory, the University of California with its famous
Greek Theatre, Lake Merritt, and the city of Oakland,
with the trolley rides in its vicinity. There are Stanford
University, San Jose and the Santa Clara Valley fruit
section, the old Mission San Juan Bautista with its relics;
Monterey, Del Monte, Pacific Grove, Carmel Bay, Carmel
Mission, Moss Beach, Pebble Beach, Santa Cruz and the
Redwood Big Tree Grove; day excursions to Mare Island
Navy Yard and Napa Valley, the Petrified Forest, Mount
Lassen Volcano and many more. The whole bay region is
a recreation ground for those that love the out-of-doors.
CAN FRANCISCO, the ultimate objective
^ point of most of those who visit Northern and
Central California, is a convenient centre for
many tours radiating through the state. The
Yosemite National Park and the Sierra Nevada,
for instance, can be reached by rail to Truckee
and Lake Tahoe, and then by automobile via
Carson Valley, Mono Lake and Lee Vining
Canyon, over the spectacular Tioga Pass nearly
10,000 feet above the level of the sea, or by
Merced and El Portal. Lake Tahoe (6,225 feet
above the sea), encircled by snow-capped peaks,
deep blue and emerald green waters framed
with lordly pines, is one of the most beautiful
spots in a state famed for its beauty. A steamer
makes a daily 72-mile circuit of its shores
during the summer season.
The descent into the Yosemite Valley from the rugged
heights of the Tioga Pass gives one the thrill of a lifetime. Yosemite Lodge and Camp Curry provide delightful bungalow camp accommodations for the many thousands who come by rail or automobile to see the marvels of
El Capitan, Yosemite Falls, the Half Dome, Glacier
Point, Nevada Falls, the Grand Canyon of the Tuolumne,
and the Mariposa Big Tree Grove. An admirable automobile service is provided by the Yosemite Transportation
SANTA   BARBARA,  between  San Francisco
and   Los   Angeles,  famous  for its   Mission,
its hotels, its mountain background, its palm
trees, and its outlook on the Pacific, has a
peculiar fascination for the visitor from the
East. Bathing and fishing are here the accessories to
perfect outdoor happiness. "A half-opened lotus flower,"
this city has been called, "whose fragrance calls its devotees
from around the world."
I OS ANGELES gladdens the eye with its
forty public parks, containing 4,740 acres
of lawns, flowers, hills, trees and lakes. The
architecture is varied, and suggests the different
parts of the world from which its residents have
come. Famous for its beautiful homes, lovely
gardens and fine hotels, Los Angeles is one of the
most attractive cities in the United States.
The moving picture colonies at Hollywood have brought
particular fame to this part of California, but Los Angeles
is more than a movie city. It is rapidly becoming one of
the great industrial centres of the United States.
CAN DIEGO, the southernmost city on the
Pacific Coast, was the birthplace of California. Here the Franciscan Father, Junipero
Serra, in 1 769, founded the first of the California
missions—the Mission San Diego de Alcala. The
old Mission, the ancient palms, the Franciscans'
irrigation dam, Presidio Hill, and such romantic
reminders as Ramona's marriage place—are some
of its historic associations.
Balboa Park, 1,400 acres in extent, in the centre of the
city, was the site of the Panama-California Exposition in
1915-1916. Fifteen of the most beautiful buildings of the
Exposition have been permanently restored, and around
them centers the cultural, recreational and social life of
the community.
San Diego has many fine business streets, shops and
residences, and its healthful and equable climate makes
it delightful at all seasons. There are a score or more
first-class hotels. Across the bay, connected by ferry with
San Diego, is one of California's most favored all-year
pleasure places, Coronado Beach. Near by are polo fields,
golf links, and tennis courts. There is deep-sea and surf
fishing, yachting, and motor-boating, and the bather may
choose between the surf or a warm salt water plunge.
Page Eighteen
Is the temperature in the Canadian Pacific Rockies
pleasant in summer? That question is answered by the
following statistics, covering a period of ten years, of
maximum and minimum temperatures at Canadian Pacific
Rocky Mountain hotels.
Max. Min.
Max. Min.
Max. Min.
Max. Min.
Banff Springs Hotel	
Chateau Lake Louise...
Emerald Lake Chalet...
Glacier House	
68       40
59       39
65       46a
68       39
73       43
64       43
69       50
72       44
71       42
65       43
69       48
74       44
62       37
56       37
54x     38x
61x     39x
a 7 days only,   x 15 days only.
The Canadian Pacific Rockies comprise some of Nature's
most gigantic works. In many mountainous regions the
chief peaks spring from such high plateaus that, although
they are actually a very considerable height above sea
level, their height is not very impressive to the traveller.
That this is not so in the Canadian Pacific Rockies is
evident from the following tables, which show the altitudes of the principal mountains seen by the traveller
from the train or at the most popular mountain resorts—
altitudes not only in relation to sea level, but also to the
valleys at their base.
Mt. Grotto	
Three Sisters	
Mt. Rundle	
Sulphur Mountain
Mt. Bourgeau	
Mt. Edith	
Vermilion Mountain
Cascade Mountain.
Sawback Range...
Pilot Mountain. . .
Copper Mountain.
Castle Mountain..
Mt. Fairview	
Mt. Aberdeen— .
Mt. Lefroy	
Mt. Victoria	
Mt. Whyte	
Mt. Hector	
Mt. Huber...
Mt. Biddle...
Mt. Hungabee
Mt. Temple	
Mt. Deltaform (highest of  the "Ten
Mt.    Stephen	
Cathedral Mountain
Mt. Dennis	
Mt. Field	
Mt. Burgess	
Mt. Wapta	
Mt. Carnavon.....
Mt. Emerald	
Mt. Niles	
Mt. Daly	
Mt. Macdonald	
Mt. Avalanche	
Mt. Sir Donald....
Mt, Abbott	
Ross Peak	
Hermit Mountain..
Mt. Rogers	
Mt. Cheops	
Mt. Tupper	
5,720 &+*(?
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