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Fishing and shooting along the line of the Canadian Pacific Railway, in the provinces of Ontario, Quebec,… Canadian Pacific Railway Company. Passenger Department Jul 31, 1901

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Array  * Canadian Pacific
Railway
Is the most Substantial and Perfectly Built Railway on the
Continent of America, and superbly equipped with the finest rolling
stock modern skill can produce. The Coaches, Dining and Sleeping Cars are triumphs of luxurious elegance, and excel in stability and
beauty of finish any other in the world.
TOURISTS   wil1  find tne Route   through Canada from  th
    Atlantic   to  the  Pacific unapproached for maj.
nificence  and  variety of scenery by any other line of travel.    Th
-nadif I
of       %
Pr,    •  #,
rugged wildness of the North Shore of Lake Superior, the picturesqu
Lake of the Woods gold region, the billowy Prairies of the Canadi?
North-West, the stately grandeur of the Rockies, the marvels
Selkirks and Gold Range, and the wondrous Beauty of the P&
Coast are traversed by The Great Dustless Route. Being en' i 5/
controlled and managed by one Company, the CANADIAN PAC "ic
RAILWAY offers special advantages to transcontinental trav-liers
that cannot be given by any other line. It is the Best, the Safest
and Fastest Route from Ocean to Ocean. The Company has sp xred
no expense in providing for the wants and comfort of its patrons,
as its line of Dining Cars and Mountain Hotels will at all times
testify, being supplied with all that the most fastidious can desire.
Through the Mountains Observation Cars are run in the Tourist Season.
/
THE ROYAL MAIL STEAMSHIPS
"EMPRESS OF INDIA" "EMPRESS OF JAPAN"
"EMPRESS OF CHINA"
Placed on the Pacific by the Canadian Pacific Railway Company, bring
that Wonderland, Japan, within the reach of all. Sixty days from
New York will admit of one month's holiday in Japan.
THE CANADIAN-AUSTRALIAN ROYAL MAIL LINE
R. M. SS. "MIOWERA" "MOANA"
and "AORANGI"
Between Vancouver and Victoria, B.C., and Sydney, New South Wales,
via Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands, and Brisbane, Queensland, is the
shortest and most attractive route to the Tropics and Antipodes.
Through Tickets from Halifax, St. John, N.B., Quebec,
Montreal, Ottawa, Prescott, Brockville, Toronto, Hamilton,
London, and all points in Canada ; also from New York, Boston,
and all points in the East, to Vancouver, Victoria, Skagway,
and other points in British Columbia and Alaska, and to
Portland, Ore., Puget Sound Ports, San Francisco, Japan,
China, Philippines, Corea, Straits Settlements, India, Hawaiian
Islands, New Zealand, Australia, and Around the World.
INSIST ON GETTING YOUR TICKETS VTA
THE CANADIAN PACIFIC RY.
-RATES ARE THE LOWEST. HSHING AND SHOOTING
ALONG THE LINES
OP THE
CANADIAN PACIFIC
RAILWAY
IN THE
Provinces of Ontario, Quebec, British Columbia,
the Prairies and Mountains of Western Canada,
the Maritime Provinces, tne State of
naine and in Newfoundland
fi
?"
SEVENTEENTH EDITION
issued by the
Passenger Traffic Department
Canadian Pacific Railway
Montreal, July, 1901 ...INDEX...
PAGE
fishing and shooting . 3
north shore of the st. lawrenoe ..... 4
lakes megantic and moosehead      ...... 6
new brunswick  8
nova scotia and newfoundland  11
sharbot lake  12
the rideau lakes  13
river trent and adjacent waters; and peterboro 14
lakes north of the trent  15
the coverts and waters of western ontario   .      . 18
the mississippi and lakes  20
the ottawa river and its tributaries        ... 21
mattawa, temiskaming and the upper ottawa .      . 26
lake nipissing and trout lake  29
sturgeon falls to fort william, including nepigon, steel and rivers of north shore  ... 33
sault ste. marie, michigan, and wisconsin ... 41
the canadian northwest  43
the rocky mountains and british columbia .      . 52
customs regulations  62
synopsis of game laws  66
agents canadian pacific railway ..... 80
canadian pacific ry. co.'s publications     ... 81
...MAPS...
NEPIGON RIVER	
KOOTENAY DISTRICT, BRITISH  COLUMBIA
32
51 THE NORTH SHORE OF THE ST. LAWRENCE
to Montreal, and easy accessibility, are attracting anglers
in yearly increasing numbers. For many years to come,
however, they will rank amongst the best fishing waters of
the continent.
Among the hills northward of St. Barthelemi, sixty-four
miles east of Montreal and distant from that station fifteen
miles, are waters that will be found well worth a trial. The
headwaters and tributaries of the St. Maurice River, which
flows into the St. Lawrence at Three Rivers, are abundantly
stocked with fair-sized fish. The St. Maurice is navigable to
La Tuque, seventy-five miles north of Grandes Piles (which is
reached by railway) and there is a regular line of steamboats
running between these points.    Good guides can be procured
CHATEAU FRONTENAC, DUFFERIN TERRACE, QUEBEC.
at Grandes Piles. It is possible to canoe by way of the St.
Maurice River and tributaries to Lake St. John, by three
different routes; by Little Bostonias River, by Big Bostonias River, and by La Croche River, and thence from lake
to lake. Fishing is good all the way through. Canoe routes
lead to the headwaters of the Ottawa, the Gatineau and
the Lievre, offering an infinite number of waterways
through a splendid game and fish region. The Shawenegan River, reached by stage from Lac a la Tortue (Turtle
Lake) on the Grandes Piles Branch, 21 miles from Three
Rivers, usually furnishes heavy strings of trout as handsome and gamey as can be taken anywhere, and big ones are
fairly plentiful. The celebrated Mastigouche chain of lakes
is reached by stage from St. Gabriel, the terminus of the
Joliette Branch, distant from Montreal seventy-eight miles.
Beyond the Mastigouche are other lakes and waterways
which afford opportunities for splendid sport with rod and
gun, and delightful canoe voyages. FISHING AND  SHOOTING
The station of Portneuf, thirty miles from the city of
Quebec, is a promising objective point. A pleasant drive of
about 15 miles up the river will bring one to excellent fishing
in the river above and below the falls.
There are some good points for the angler near Quebec
City, and he will find at the Chateau Frontenac, the palatial
fire-proof hotel on which $1,000,000 has been expended, delightful headquarters from which to make excursions. The Chateau
Frontenac, which ranks as one of the finest hotels of the
continent, and which has recently been enlarged to meet the
increased demands of travel, is picturesquely located on the
celebrated Dufferin Terrace. It is the rendezvous of tourists
and sportsmen from all parts of the globe.
Directly north of the city, 190 miles by the Quebec & Lake
St. John Railway, is Lake St. John, the home of the ouananiche. Marvellous tales have been told of this species,
which is found in but few waters, and it is admitted
that they are as game, strong and hard-fighting fish
as ever tested skill and tackle. It would be difficult to
imagine a more attractive centre for the canoeist and the fisherman than this broad lake, with its hundreds of miles of tributary rivers extending far into a great unknown land. With
skilled Indian guides the explorer can follow his fancy,
penetrating the lonely haunts of big game in regions never
visited by white men, travelling for days upon wTaters swarming with trout and finding sport unlimited. At Roberval, on
Lake St. John, is a fine hotel, another at Grand Descharge,
and steamers ply on the lake, the birthplace of the glorious
Saguenay. Lake Edward, between Quebec and St. John,
is another excellent fishing water at which there is also a
good hotel.
Along the Lower St. Lawrence are many noted salmon
streams, which may be reached by mail steamer, or by sailing
vessel.
LAKE riEGANTIC AND MOOSEHEAD LAKE.
It is not necessary to undertake a long journey to reach
this attractive region. The Canadian Pacific Railway's ''Short
Line" from Montreal to the Maritime Provinces renders it
easy of access, and the traveller who makes Montreal his initial
point for this trip will find solid comfort all the way, and only
a short run by rail before the Mecca of his pilgrimage is gained.
Lake Megantic is the largest body of water in the Canadian
territory adjacent to Maine, being twelve miles in length by
from one to four miles broad. Its shores are rugged and
exceedingly picturesque, and deeply indented with inlets and
bays, the coast line measuring some forty odd miles. Its
principal feeders are the Lower Spider and Arnold Rivers, also
the Annance, Victoria and Sandy Rivers, and numerous lesser
streams, and its outlet is the Chaudiere River, w7hich leaves
the lake at the bay of the same name, within 100 yards or so
of the Canadian Pacific Railway station at Megantic, and
empties into the St. Lawrence near Quebec. There are several
hotels in the village, and experienced guides can be secured
there at moderate charges. The best localities for moose,
caribou and deer are Annance Bog, near the mouth of the
Annance River—which flows in at the head of the lake—and
6 LAKE MEGANTIC AND MOOSEHEAD jLAKE
up the stream from its outlet for a couple of miles, the shores
and bog being favorite feeding grounds. The Annance is
navigable by skiff or canoe as far as mentioned. Other good
bogs and points for game will be known to the guides and
reached under their directions.
Fishing in Megantic is variable, as is always the case on
such large waters, but on a good day heavy strings will be
taken. On Chaudiere Bay, Moose Bay, the Victoria and
Annance Rivers, and all the lesser streams and inlets, the
brook-trout fishing is good, and there is no difficulty in taking
fine strings of fish.
A short run by rail from Megantic over the Boundary
Mountains, which divide the Province of Quebec from the
State of Maine, enables travellers by the " Short Line " to
reach one of Maine's most lovely sections, and also one of the
best for sport—a particularly promising point for ruffed
grouse and red deer being Lowelltown station. Shortly after
crossing the international boundary the headwaters of the
Moose River appear, the line following the stream and its
chain of lakes closely until the shore of Moosehead Lake is
reached, and finally the town of Greenville.
The headwaters and chain of lakes of the Moose River,
in addition to being gems of natural beauty, are first-rate
for speckled trout, the fish running to goodly size, and being
plentiful enough to keep the rod busy. An exploration of this
chain of waters would repay the labor, and furnish all the
essentials of an enjoyable outing. Lakes and river extend
for about twenty-five miles before the stream reaches Moosehead Lake, the scenery being pretty and the greater portion
of the water yielding good fishing. The variety and quality
of game to be found at the various points about these lakes
and neighboring waters, as well as others easily reached from
Greenville station, are about the same as at Megantic.
A glance at a map will show why this part of Maine is such
a noted game and fish country. Waterways fairly net the
whole region, offering facilities for the trout fisher; and, as
they thread the strongholds of moose, caribou, bear, and
deer, the lover of the rifle can readily guess what opportunities
are thereby offered for a shot at one or all of the animals
named. In addition, wild fowl will be found, and in such
coverts as these shaggy woods ruffed grouse of course abound.
Guides, necessaries for a camping party, and information
concerning the best points for sport, can be obtained at Greenville. Spencer, Indian, Squaw, Wilson and Roach ponds,
Brassau Lake, and all the little streams which feed Moosehead,
are noted for trout, and the guides can pilot you to many
others. Those preferring to make their headquarters at Greenville will find accommodations at the hotels; plenty of boats,
and ample means of enjoyment. There are steamers on the
lake which may be hired.
Moosehead Lake is forty miles long by from two to fifteen
wide, with many islands, large and small. The surrounding
hills are lofty and covered with dense forests ; here and
there a towering mountain rears high above the tangle of lofty
woods, forming pictures of which the eye never wearies.
Grandest of all is Mount Kineo, at the base of which is the
Kineo House, a commodious summer hotel with 250 rooms, FISHING AND SHOOTING
conducted in first-class style. Its appearance reminds one of
the popular resorts of the sea-coast, and it is the rendezvous
for a small army of tourists during the season. A large
general store is close at hand, where camp supplies, etc., may
be purchased, and there are competent guides and good canoes
and skiffs available. An inviting trip by canoe may be made
by leaving Moosehead Lake by the "north carry," portaging
over to the West Branch of the Penobscot River, and thence
down stream, with good fishing, varied scenery (including views
of Mount Katahdin, a huge mass of granite), and a dash of
adventure to lend an additional charm to the cruise. The East
Branch of the Penobscot, the Allagash, St. John, and Aroostook are also reached by following the West Branch to Lake
Chesumcook and thence north. The outlet of Moosehead Lake
is distant from Greenville about twelve miles, and is the
beginning of the Kennebec River. There is an hotel at
Moosehead Station, and anglers will find accommodation at
the Carrys, at the head of the lake, the fishing, close at hand,
being equal to that of many of the more remote localities. By
going down stream in canoes, Indian Pond and other trout
pools are reached, and close to the river there will be found an
abundance of game.
Following the Canadian Pacific Railway's " Short Line"
beyond Greenville, the route traverses for a considerable
distance a similar country to that which has been referred to ;
through favorite haunts of forest game, and passing many
lakes, and crossing many trout streams, Lake Onawa, or
" Ship Pond," as it is also called, and Schoodic Lake amongst
others. By this line, which shortens the journey from
Montreal to the Maritime Provinces by nearly 300 miles,
several of the world-famous salmon rivers of New Brunswick
and Nova Scotia are easily reached, so the advantages it
offers will be apparent to all sportsmen.
NEW BRUNSWICK.
New Brunswick has long had an unchallenged reputation
among sportsmen as a land of proved desire and known
delight. One-third of the Province is good hunting ground.
Its possibilities as a field for exploits with rod and rifle have
not been exaggerated. While the resources of the country
in this respect are well known, there is much to be sought out
in the little-explored forests and rarely-frequented lakes and
streams. Each year adventurous sportsmen make discoveries
in their outing, of new worlds to conquer for the next season,
and the man who visits the forests, lakes and streams of New
Brunswick once is thereafter to be counted on as an annual
visitor. No part of America where game and fish are found is
more easily reached than New Brunswick, and there are
few trips where the expenditure can be kept within such
reasonable bounds. With less than twenty-four hours of easy
railroad ride from Montreal or Boston, the traveller may
alight in the centre of the hunting and fishing region, and in
some instances he may get off so near his camp as to make the
rest of his way on foot, if he so desire. At all times during
his stay he is within easy reach of mails and telegraph, and,
while apart from the busy world, he may yet be in  touch NEW  BRUNSWICK
with it, so far as occasion may require or his inclination
prompt him.
From McAdam Junction, near the Maine boundary, the
whole Province lies open for a choice of routes by the stranger
in search of sport. Should he desire an outing partly for
the pleasures of a summer retreat, free from the heat and
the crowds of the fashionable resorts in the United States, he
may make his headquarters at St. John, St. Andrews, St.
Stephen or Fredericton, at all of which he may have plenty of
society and enjoy all the comforts of life, with the luxuries as
well, if he be so inclined. Yet, from any of these points and
from many smaller but still comfortable resorts, he may
readily reach the hunting and fishing grounds. The enthusiastic sportsman, of course, will make the woods his home, but
there are some who want a variety of recreation, and are not
satisfied wholly by forest scenery.
St. Andrews is held in high repute as a summer resort, with
its hotel equal to that of any watering place on the coast,
and its scenery which fears no rival among seaside resorts.
There is fishing in both salt and fresh water. For the
former, Passamaquoddy Bay and the Bay of Fundy give
unlimited scope, while for trout, land-locked salmon and
togue, there are many lakes and streams within easy driving
distance. Among them are Chamcook, Lime burner, Bartlett,
Stein's, Snowshoe, Welsh, Cram, Turner, McCullough and
Creasy Lakes, as well as the Digdeguash and other streams.
Once in St. Andrews, the visitor will find no lack of
places in which to fish. As to hunting, the woods in every
direction contain deer, and small game in great variety. The
St. Croix at St. Stephen yields the first salmon taken with the
fly in New Brunswick each year. There is also particularly
good woodcock shooting between St. Andrews and St. Stephen
during the fall flight.
Between the boundary and St. John, along the line of railway, are a number of lakes and streams of note, including
Harvey, South Oromocto, Long and Victoria Lakes. These
are chiefly trout waters, but if the visitor seeks salmon there is
but the need of a little longer journey to reach the tributaries
of the St. John. There are, however, both trout and landlocked salmon in Skiff Lake, only three miles from Canterbury station.
The pleasant little city of Fredericton is a very good centre
from which to work the game and fish resources of Central
New Brunswick. Many eminent sportsmen have lived for
years at different times in Fredericton, solely for the purpose
of availing themselves of the attractions presented by the
forests and streams of that part of the province. Immediately
facing the city, the Nashwaak enters the St. John after a
course of some fifty miles. At one time this was a famous
salmon stream and the English officers then quartered at
Fredericton used to drive out to the Seven Mile Pool, catch half-
a-dozen salmon and get back to breakfast at the barracks. A
dam at the mouth has, however, caused the Nashwaak to
lose its value as a salmon stream, but it holds very large
trout, which are only to be caught by a good fisherman.
Wherever you find a deep pool, you are sure to have trout
running from two pounds upwards.    The best time to catch
9 FISHING AND SHOOTING
them is towards sundown, and a very light-colored fly is the
most killing. There is a pool at the Big Elm, and another at
the mouth of the Tay, each of which may be confidently
recommended. The Nashwaak is, however, no stream for a
beginner, as the trout are shy.
Beyond the Nashwaak lies the main south-western
Miramichi and its numerous feeders. This grand river drains
a large portion of the centre of the province. It is a crack
salmon stream, and trout up to eight and nine pounds
weight have been caught in the Clearwater, Rocky Brook and
other tributary streams. Big game is abundant as yet upon
the headwaters of these creeks, and is said to be increasing
owing to efficient protection, notwithstanding that a good
deal of hunting has been done.
Cains River, which may be reached by a short portage
from the Nashwaak, flows for sixty miles through an uninhabited, burnt country, and discharges eventually into the
Miramichi above Newcastle. It is one of the best grounds for
bear and caribou in New Brunswick.
The country surrounding Fredericton was once a great
deer ground, being the favorite resort of large numbers of
Virginia deer. Then came a time when they disappeared
almost entirely, possibly owing to an increase in the number
of wolves. Of late years they have been returning in evergrowing numbers, and to-day there is very fair shooting in
almost any direction, and within twenty miles of the city.
The Tobique is a stream of such great natural beauty that
the mere joy of living here in the summer would be an ample
reward. It does not depend upon its scenery alone, however,
for it is a great river for both salmon and trout. The main
stream is more than sixty miles long to the Forks, and the
branches have each nearly as great a length. Both the main
and affluent streams afford good fly-fishing, and the catches of
trout made therein have been the basis of many amazing
but strictly true big fish stories. The Tobique game
country commences within twenty miles of the junction of
the river with the St. John, and in all the regions through
which the Tobique and its tributaries flow are moose and
caribou. The Tobique is most conveniently reached from
Perth Junction (opposite Andover, where f guides can be
secured) by the Tobique Valley branch of the C. P. Ry., which
skirts the river up to Plaster Rock, where there is hotel
accommodation, and where conveyances may be hired to take
sportsmen to the lakes further in the interior. To the southwest of this is the south-west branch of the Miramichi, reached
from Bristol station by a drive of fifteen miles.
There are many points on this famous stream beloved
of the fisherman, and any settler knows where they are
The Forks has a special reputation for salmon and trout.
Of the branches, the best for salmon is the Little Tobique,
and the finest trout are in Campbell River. Tobique Lake is
at the head of the Little Tobique ; it has an enviable reputation
for the size and abundance of the trout in its waters. From
here, should one wish, a portage might be made to Nipisiquit
Lake, the headwaters of the stream of that name which discharges into the Bay Chaleur. The Gulf shore of New Brunswick, with all its streams, may be reached by rail across
country from Fredericton.
10 NEW BRUNSWICK
Near Andover is a branch of the road running from
Aroostook Junction into the State of Maine, by which the
fishing and shooting of the famous Aroostook country may be
reached. There are a number of lakes and streams, and all
kinds of game in the woods.
At Grand Falls, the scenery is an inspiration, and in addition the sportsman may go there with the assurance of finding sport. Grand Falls is a centre of operation for anglers
and sportsmen. Salmon and brook trout, wild geese, black
duck, woodcock and ruffed grouse are the game fish and birds.
Edmundston is a place of considerable importance to the
traveller, not only because it is the northern limit of his railway journey, but because it is in the heart of a district famed
for its fishing. There are many waters from which to make a
choice, and all of them are good, for there is excellent fishing
everywhere in the Upper St. John, and its tributary and
adjacent waters. From here, too, may be reached the headwaters of the Restigouche, and of a number of streams that
flow into the river St. Lawrence. In addition to brook trout,
the lake trout (Cristivomer namaycush), here known as the
touladi, is abundant in this part of the country, as evidenced
by the nomenclature of Toledi Lake. A twenty-pound toledi is
by no means a rarity and some growr much heavier. In the
vicinity of Edmundston are such rivers as the Madawaska
and Green River, and such lakes as the Temiscouata and
Squatook. Twenty miles distant from Edmundston, and
reached also from Caribou, is the Fish River, or Eagle Lakes,
lying within the boundaries of Maine. Some eight lakes are
connected with this river.
The country to the westward of Edmundston has not only
deer and caribou, but moose. Splendid specimens of the
latter, veritable monarchs of the forest, are secured every
season, and under the game protective laws now enforced there
is likely to be moose hunting in many parts of the country
in which these animals dwelt years ago, but from which they
were driven by over-hunting. In fact, old guides and
hunters say moose are more abundant in some localities
to-day than 25 years ago, and this is true of caribou in an even
greater degree, while red deer, once rather scarce, are yearly
becoming more numerous.
Taking St. John as a point of destination, the sportsman
may not only have all his wants supplied in the way of
outfit, but learn from trustworthy informants just what river,
lake or camping ground will give the results sought in his individual case. The whole Province is before him, and there is
a great variety of territory from which to choose. From this
point, too, access to every part of the country is easy, and, at
the worst, whichever way he may go, the journey will be but
a question of a few hours.
NOVA SCOTIA AND NEWFOUNDLAND.
Between Yarmouth and Sydney—the two extremities of
Nova Scotia—there are spots which offer great attractions to
the keen sportsman, whether this taste incline to rod or gun or
to both. At the Tusket Lakes, near Yarmouth, in the country
round Digby and at different points in the Annapolis and
Cornwallis Valleys, as well as around the famed Bras d'Or
11 FISHING AND  SHOOTING
Lakes and tributary watei?s in Cape Breton, and along all the
south shore of the Province, the opportunities for sport are
excellent, the favorite haunts, as a rule, not being difficult of
access. In some localities moose and other large game are
found. The fishing and shooting regions of the western part
of Nova Scotia are reached from St. John, N.B., by the fast
steamer Prince Rupert, which makes daily trips, during the
summer season, between that city and Digby, there connecting
with the Dominion Atlantic trains for Yarmouth to the
south, and Halifax to the east. From Halifax, there is regular
communication by the Intercolonial Railway System with
Cape Breton. This line also runs from St. John to Halifax,
via Moncton and Amherst, connection being made at Truro
for Sydney, North Sydney and other Cape Breton points.
By the inauguration of a new route during the summer
of 1898 between North Sydney and Port aux Basque, the
Island of Newfoundland was brought within easy distance of
the mainland; and the grave objection an ocean voyage is, to
some, was practically removed. The crossing occupies only
six hours by the steamer Bruce. From Port aux Basque
the centre of the Island is traversed, to the capital, St.
John's, through the most favored fishing and shooting
regions, which are thus made easily accessible.
Few countries present to the lovers of sport the attractions that Newfoundland possesses. The interior is a vast
deer park. The countless lakes and ponds abound with trout
of the finest description, and are the breeding-places of the
wild goose, duck, and fresh-water fowl. Finer salmon streams
can scarcely be found.
Herds of caribou traverse the island in their periodical
migrations from north to south in the fall, and vice versa in the
spring, and furnish the grandest of trophies for the sportsman.
September and October are the months for stalking, and
the assistance of guides is requisite. There are the black
bear and the wolf in the interior ; and the beaver and otter
are found around the lonely lakes and lakelets. Hares are
in abundance, and the willow grouse, the rock ptarmigan,
the curlew, the plover, and the snipe are found in proper
season all over the Island. On the great " barrens " or in the
marshy grounds, and around the shores and islands are innumerable sea fowl.
The climate in summer, tempered by the balmy sea breezes,
is bracing and health-giving.
SHARBOT LAKE.
This lake is situated directly on the line of the Canadian
Pacific Railway, being about midway between Montreal and
Toronto and easily reached from Ottawa.
The attractions are the same as usually characterize Canadian lakes—forested shores, beautiful rocky islands, large and
small, and clear cold water stocked with game fish.
The species that may be taken there are black and rock
bass, salmon trout, pike, and a few lunge, though the latter
are seldom caught.
Hotel accommodation and boats are obtainable. This
lake is a noted resort for duck in the fall. Many handsome
bags have been made there.
12 /
THE RIDEAU LAKES
THE RIDEAU LAKES.
A few miles north of the River St. Lawrence, in Ontario,
and easily reached from Kingston, Brockville, and Smith's
Falls, are the winsome Rideau Lakes, large, island-dotted
bodies of crystal water. By the construction of the Rideau
Canal, a watery highway 125 miles in length was opened, connecting the capital city of Ottawa and the historic city of
Kingston. When the canal was laid out the course of the
Rideau River was followed, and the stream utilized as far
as possible; and when the several locks were completed,
and the waters restrained from flowing through their
natural outlet, great tracts of low-lying woodland and marsh
were deeply flooded, forming what are now known as the
" Drowned Lands." The Rideau was always a fine bass water,
and under the altered conditions it not only held its own, but
so rapidly improved that it is now one of the best for black-
bass fishing in America. As the years passed and the flooded
country ran wild, the entire aspect changed: broad marshes
were formed, overgrown with wild rice and rushes, attracting
thousands of duckand other water fowl. There is nothing,
except an occasional lock, to suggest to the voyager that he is
upon anything but a great natural water highway, a broad
stream widening every now and again into lakes of greater or
less extent, with long stretches of rushes and beds of rice,
weeds and lily-pads, such as are loved by duck and fish. Besides myriads of bass, there are land-locked salmon. Trout
and pickerel are also plentiful, and in the fall there is capital
duck shooting.
On Long Island will be found the Angler's Club House, a
good hotel containing about forty rooms, which is open to
members of the Club which owns the island and hotel, also to
those having letters of introduction.
A canoe cruise on the lakes will be found thoroughly enjoyable. While making this trip by canoe you will pass many
camps upon the shores, and meet many holiday-makers who
are, like yourself, finding healthy recreation in retracing this
pleasant route. A camp can be pitched almost anywhere;
should you desire to stretch your legs you can land where you
will. For those who prefer to spend their holiday among
pretty surroundings, and at the same time remain within reach
of civilization, the Rideau offers many inducements. The lakes
are easily reached and easily traversed, and there is no hardship
connected with the trip. The entire cruise is inexpensive, and
has been made in four days, but that, of course, necessitated
hard work at the paddles. A couple of weeks—or a month or
longer—could be pleasantly and profitably spent here. Should
Kingston be selected as the starting point, tourists from east
or west are best conveyed thither by the fine steamers that ply
upon the St. Lawrence and Lake Ontario, for that trip by
water is considered one of the most attractive in the Dominion.
If Ottawa or Smith's Falls are chosen, either is reached from
east or west direct by the Canadian Pacific Ry. Steamers
run regularly between Ottawa and Kingston.
13 FISHING AND  SHOOTING
THE RIVER TRENT AND ADJACENT WATERS ;
AND PETERBORO.
This is one of the best available regions for the tourist-
sportsmen and anglers, especially for those who make Toronto
their starting point. Leaving Toronto by the Canadian
Pacific Ry., Havelock station is reached within four hours, or
in other words, you can leave Toronto in the morning and
be busy with the black bass and lunge early in the afternoon,
a feature that should bear due weight with those who have
only a few days at their disposal. Havelock, distant 100 miles
from Toronto, is the best point to select as headquarters, if a
trial of the Trent is decided upon ; and the angler or sportsman
can take a trip, satisfied that, unless he is one of those unfortunate beings who seem specially selected as the victim of
hard luck, he will be richly rewarded for his trouble.
Close to Havelock station there is an hotel where visitors
can make themselves at home, and pick up valuable pointers
as to the best method for circumventing the lunge and bass
that claim the Trent as their home. Trent Bridge is only
three miles from the hotel, and you can secure conveyances at
the latter place and be driven over, and are then on the spot.
Boats and guides may be hired at the bridge at reasonable
rates, and to many the most enjoyable method is to camp by
the stream. Those who do not fancy spending a holiday under
canvas can find accommodation close at hand. From almost
the commencement until the end of the open season the lunge
and black bass fishing is Al, except on an odd day now and again,
such as will be experienced on any water. Above the bridge,
toward the town of Hastings, trolling for lunge will give
satisfactory results, for the "fresh water sharks" are numerous,
and bite freely at either spoon, or live minnow, or chub, and
the catch will be varied with heavy black bass. The right-
hand channel at the island, going down stream, and below the
island for some miles to the government boom, are famous
reaches for bass and lunge. Lunge scaling all the way from
five to twenty or thirty pounds, have been taken, the smaller
fish being abundant. If you want to have genuine fun with a
big fellow, just troll for lunge at this point, using a stout rod
and suitable tackle, and of a surety you will have a tussle now
and then that will quicken your pulse vastly, or you are
no true lover of the gentle art. Fine strings of bass can
also be taken by still fishing all along the river, between Trent
Bridge and Healy Falls and Rapids, a distance of about seven
miles. The stream varies in width from 100 yards to a quarter
of a mile, and here and there expands into broad bays ;
at many points there are rocky shoals and gravel beds, where,
as the bass fisher will guess, many fine fish are sure to be.
But the spot of spots for small-mouthed black bass is
below the falls. The stream plunges fully forty feet over a
rocky ledge a hundred yards wide, and in the deep pools below
the bass are found in all their glory.
About a mile and a half below Healy Falls the Trent runs
into Crow Bay, a noted spot for both lunge and bass, and one
that is almost certain to well reward a trial.
14 THE CHAIN OF LAKES NORTH OF THE TRENT
Another excellent point on the Trent is Campbellford,
twelve miles from Havelock station. Up and down stream
from Campbellford a rod can be kept busy all day, and the fly
fishing is good. If a letter be sent notifying the proprietor of
Blute's Hotel, Campbellford, of your coming, a conveyance will
meet you at Havelock, and trustworthy information as to
fishing localities will be afforded.
Any one going to Havelock might as well write in advance
retaining boats and conveyance, in order that no time be
lost in getting to work. By following this course a goodly
string should be taken ere night falls on the first day of the
outing.
One of the brightest towns of the more important centres
of Canada is Peterboro, which may be considered the birthplace of the modern canoe. It is a convenient point from
which to reach some fine lakes, including Stoney Lake, one of
Canada's charming summer resorts, where good bass and
lunge fishing can be had. Rice Lake, distant twelve miles, is
reached by steamer daily, and is an admirable point for camping. There is hotel accommodation at Jubilee Point and Idle-
wild. Chemong Lake is seven miles distant by rail, and Kata-
chawanucka, nine miles. Live minnow bait will prove deadly
with lunge and bass ; the fishing is generally excellent, and a
couple of weeks may be pleasantly spent with rod and canoe,
at trifling expense. Fairly good duck and grouse shooting
can be had, but deer must be sought farther afield.
North-east of Havelock is a fine sporting country for
trout, deer and grouse. A sportsman can go to Rathbun or
Bancroft by rail, at both of which places there are country
hotels, and thence drive out into the country he intends to
work.
THE CHAIN OF LAKES NORTH OF THE TRENT.
Ranging northward of Havelock is a region of forest, lake
and stream, which combines picturesque scenery with good
prospects for fish and game. A far-reaching chain of beautiful
lakes extends through this wild country, linked together by
small streams navigable by canoes, excepting in a few cases,
where portages must be made. This chain of lakes offers
great inducements to canoeing and camping parties, and one
can go with canoe and camera and find countless combinations
of scenery each more charming than the other; moreover,
if rod and gun are also taken, plenty of occupation will be
found for all.
The principal waters of the chain are Round Lake, Belmont, Deer, Oak, Blue, Twin, Sandy, Jack, Cushamogabog,
Tonomong, White, Gull, and Eagle Lake. On the north side of
Round Lake North River discharges. This stream is navigable
either by canoe or rowboat up to the "narrows," and here, after
a portage of fifty yards, you can continue bearing northward
into Bass Bay, and the fishing in these waters is good all the
summer months. There are many charming camp sites,
and the distance to the nearest settlers is not sufficient to
be a hardship.
15 FISHING  AND SHOOTING
Going by road from the North Bridge, the distance to the
next important water is about ten miles. Oak Lake is a
very pretty sheet, having numerous islands, and the bass
fishing can generally be relied on any time after the legal
season opens. There are skiffs on this lake, and they may
be rented at a reasonable cost, though we would advise
taking a private canoe or boat. The portage from Oak to
Cushamogabog Lake is about a quarter of a mile, and easily
made. The latter lake is one of the most attractive in the
whole north qountry; its surface is dotted with islands and
its waters teem with bass.
Those who have used minnow, frog and worm bait
in these waters, found them all excellent. Bass are a
capricious fish, and while some days they wouldn't look at a big,
fat, juicy dew-worm, another day they would seem to prefer
them to any other bait. Live minnows, however, are the
most killing bait, as a general rule, and these can be obtained
in reasonable quantities at the lake.    If you want a most
y^mpp--^P
From '• Outing." Copyrighted.
RUFFED  GROUSE.
enjoyable outing, on one of the most picturesque lakes in
Ontario, you cannot do better than decide on a week or two
at Cushamogabog. The scenery is charming, the water very
cold, even in August, the fish of a superb quality and firm as a
rock. Take along your boat and camp outfit, then you can
move around to suit yourself and change localities as often as
the spirit moves you. Close by are numerous other lakes, all
of them easily reached by driving over a very fair road. They
are Blue Lake, Twin Lakes, Gull Lake, Eagle Lake, Tonomong,
Sandy Lake, and others still further north, but the group
already mentioned are sufficiently numerous to furnish
all the sport required by those who desire a pleasant outing,
and with whom the time at their disposal is an important
consideration.
16 THE CHAIN OF LAKES NORTH OF THE TRENT
There is deer and partridge shooting through this
whole section of country, and it is possible to obtain comfortable accommodation with some settler in many of the
best shooting sections. The country is rocky and by no means
easy to walk, but the sportsman who is prepared to take it as it
comes, and can shoot reasonably straight when he sees game,
will have no difficulty in killing all the deer the law allows
him, and the bright, clear, northern atmosphere will give him
a mighty appetite.
Belmont Lake, a few miles east of Round Lake, is best
reached from Havelock station, a three and a half mile drive,
and rigs can be got at Havelock to take sportsmen to this
place. There is a large boarding-house on the shores of Belmont
Lake, where good accommodation can be had, also boats and
other supplies. There are. a few boats available at Blairton,
and guides can be secured there. The fishing is about the
same as already described, in fact, the general characteristics
of all these waters are so similar as to render separate
description superfluous. If you have time to go beyond
Belmont, you can have a thoroughly enjoyable trip
by proceeding via Deer River to Deer Lake; the portage is
only about 2€0 yards across and the bass fishing is really
first-class. There are some charming spots on which to camp,
and altogether a most delightful outing may be enjoyed here.
From Deer Lake there is easy portage to Mud Lake, where
the fishing is also satisfactory, and from here, after another
portage of one mile, you reach Whetstone Lake, a splendid
sheet of water, and in wThich the bass and salmon trout fishing
is excellent. Minnows, frogs, grasshoppers and worms appear
to be good bait in this water, though some give the preference
to live minnows. For trolling, both the small star bait and the
phantom minnow have been used with success.
From Whetstone Lake you may portage into Tonomong,
and this is a good spot for both bass and salmon trout.
There are some accommodating settlers not far from the lake,
and at no stage of this trip need there be any difficulty in
obtaining supplies of milk, butter, eggs, potatoes, etc.
In all the lakes here mentioned the quality of the fish, owing
to the extremely low temperature of the water, is fine and no
gamer ones ever took an angler's bait. The grouse and deer
shooting are good in the neighborhood of this lake, which is a
favorite resort with a few of Toronto's sportsmen. An added
advantage in its favor is that it can be reached over a very
fair road by a five hours' drive from Havelock station. If you
are bound only on a fishing trip, the only driving necessary
is from Havelock to Belmont—3J miles.
Ruffed grouse, wood-duck, and hare are to be found almost
anywhere, and there are plenty of deer and not a few bear,
while the fishing is something to be long remembered.
Judicious enquiries at Havelock station will elicit all required
information.
17 FISHING AND SHOOTING
THE COVERTS AND WATERS OF WESTERN
ONTARIO.
The Canadian Pacific Railway between London, Ont., and
the Detroit River, traverses famous shooting grounds. Here
and there, in the sixty or more miles of country between
London and Chatham, wild turkey are yet to be found.
But the game to be depended upon comprises quail, grouse,
woodcock, rabbits, and a great
variety of waterfowl, abounding in the western marshes.
The clearing of farms and cultivation of vast tracts of country, affected favorably the quail
and rabbits, and the grouse
seem to have suffered but little.
Quail abound in all the
western counties. Only in the
western portion of Ontario are
they found in Canadian territory in sufficient numbers to
afford sport.
They are wonderfully prolific,
and fine bags may be made over
good dogs. Very fair sport can
be had at almost any point more
than thirty miles west of London, the sportsmen also finding
a few ruffed grouse, woodcock, and a number of rabbits while
tramping the coverts in pursuit of the bevy of quail he has
flushed. Plenty of birds are to be found within comfortable
driving distance of Chatham, say eight or ten miles; and
one can put up at a country hotel along the main roads, or
find quarters at a farm house. During past seasons important
"Field Trials" have been held near Chatham, and birds have
been so plentiful that the trials were decided without much
trouble, and there is every likelihood of the same grounds
being used for years to come. At present the law forbids the
sale of quail killed in Ontario; this measure will insure a
rapid increase in their numbers. From Chatham the Erie
& Huron Railway offers facilities for reaching the town of
Blenheim, close to Rondeau Harbor and Lake Erie, or in
the other direction, the towns of Dresden and Wallaceburg,
also on the line, and each well-known resorts for sportsmen.
Rondeau Harbor was formerly one of the best points for duck
iu the country. On a good day fair bags can be made even yet;
the fowl are wild, and though thousands may be seen, but few
are killed. There are, however, plenty of quail in the neighborhood ; here and there ruffed grouse, and in the wet woodlands of the north shore a few woodcock early in the season.
Dresden or Wallaceburg are better points for all round
shooting. The fishing in the Eau, from its size, is variable.
There is excellent plover and curlew shooting on the
bars and beaches of the Lake Erie side, and, taken altogether, the Eau is a fairly good point for a holiday with rod
and gun.
18 THE COVERTS AND WATERS OF WESTERN ONTARIO
Below Chatham are the Lake St. m
Clair marshes, so frequently referred f
to by "Frank Forrester" -^„
in his works on shooting
In  the  spring wild geese f
flock to them as of yore,
and those who like to air _
the   breechloader   at   this f
season can have very good
sport with the shy "honkers."     The   geese   make
their headquarters for a time in the
bays and ponds adjacent to Lake St. Clair.    The best shooting
sentiment is now dead against spring shooting.
These marshes and muddy plains are famous snipe grounds,
and the shooting is still good enough to be well worth
a trial. Woodcock are also frequently found in the wet
corn-fields early in the fall, and later in the dry thickets
of the uplands which the quail haunt, and rabbits are plentiful
everywhere. Ruffed grouse may be found in the heavy woods
bordering the plains, and not infrequently a fine mixed
bag of grouse, cock, snipe, quail, rabbit and duck is made
by one gun in a couple of days. Plover are numerous in the
autumn. About the mouth of the Thames, and its adjacent
creeks and marshes, and upon Lake St. Clair, are any number
of duck, though the good points for shooting them are comparatively few. The finest portions of these western marshes
are strictly preserved. Several very commodious club houses
have been erected on the preserves, and those who so desire may
very often buy shares, and thus get grand shooting combined
with every comfort. Still, an outsider can generally find a bit
of sport worth going after at the points named ; and, if he has
good dogs, and varies the programme by attending to the duck
at early morning and the quail later in the day, he should have
a good time, and bag his share of what is going.
Fishing, both trolling and spinning with minnow or artificial bait, in and about Baptiste and Jeanette's Creeks, each
near the outlet of the Thames, and in and about the mouth of
this latter stream, is generally good, the catch including black,
rock and speckled bass, pike, pickerel and perch. The Thames
is reached from Chatham by steamer plying to Detroit, and
you can camp upon the beach where the Thames joins Lake
St. Clair, or find accommodation, unless you are one of a large
party, at the lighthouse.
At Mitchell's Bay, on Lake St. Clair, reached either from
Wallaceburg or by driving from Chatham, are hotels, and,
as a general thing, duck shooting and black bass fishing.
The Credit Forks Trout Preserve, about forty-five
miles northwest of Toronto, is reached by the Canadian
Pacific Railway, by taking train to Forks of Credit station
and then driving about two miles. The fish which abound in
these waters are of three varieties, viz.:—the native speckled
trout, the rainbow, and the brown or "VanBuren" trout.
Ample accommodation for sportsmen may be had on reasonable terms during the open season. Fishing is secured by
agreeing to pay so much per pound for what is caught.
Further information may be had by writing to proprietor of
the above preserves, Credit Forks, Ont.
19 FISHING AND  SHOOTING
THE niSSISSIPPI RIVER AND LAKES.
Carleton Junction, on the line of the Canadian Pacific
Railway, 146 miles from Montreal, 26 miles from Ottawa, and 225
miles from Toronto, is the station for these waters. At the junction are a couple of hotels, and a five minutes' walk will take you
to the town of Carleton Place. Men and boats can be secured
at the usual rates. The Mississippi River runs through
the town, and it is in places a rapid stream, foaming and
boiling over rocky ledges and big boulders, with many
deep, quiet pools and eddies, in the shadows of which lurk
black and rock bass. The river is easily fished, and heavy
black bass may be taken from it, and rock bass unlimited;
but a better point is the first enlargement of the winding river,
known as Mississippi Lake. This lake is three miles from
Carleton Place, and affords good sport, large black bass
being readily hooked. Fair-sized pike are plentiful, lunge are
scarce, but rock bass may be taken by the dozen almost anywhere. In the fast current of the river, spoons, artificial
minnows, etc., are good, but the most deadly bait is either
minnow or crayfish. A couple of miles above Mississippi
Lake is another and smaller lake, which is, perhaps, the
best of the waters. On either of them trolling with an
ordinary spoon, or still-fishing with worms, will answer
admirably. Particulars about the most promising reaches
can be obtained at Carleton Place, and at Park Lake, three
miles from Carleton Place, where there is a summer resort
hotel.
Some exceedingly good catches are on record for these
waters, and in the fall there is now and again some fairly
good shooting—duck, snipe and woodcock—but hardly sufficient to merit special attention, though as a fishing resort it is
well worth a visit.
THE ANGLER'S JOY.
By the stream where bend the rushes,
Where the shallows scold and sob,
There it is man's true ambitions
Wildly in his bosom throb ;
There it is the fierce sensation.
Half suspense, yet all delight,
Strikes him as he hoarsely whispers
" I believe I've got a bite."
Tell me not of tottering glories ;
Of republics tempest swept;
Tell me not of heroes vanquished
Or of promises unkept.
Tales of sacrifice and valor
Later on may seem aright,
But at present—you'll excuse me—
" I believe I've got a bite."
20 THE OTTAWA RIVER AND ITS TRIBUTARIES
THE OTTAWA RIVER AND ITS TRIBUTARIES.
The transcontinental line of the Canadian Pacific Railway,
in its course from Carleton Junction to Winnipeg, traverses
a region that for sporting purposes is excelled only by the
magnificent game resorts and trout waters of the Rocky
Mountains and the wonderful prairies of the Canadian Northwest. These, of course, are not approached by any territory
on the American continent; but the sportsman who has not
time to go so far will find all the sport he wants, and wildly
beautiful scenery, second only to the mountains, and yet never
journey a yard beyond the Nepigon. And if that wonderful
stream is too far away for the time at command, he need not
go beyond the Ottawa and its tributaries to give rod and rifle
full play. Sport such as no man should complain of can be
enjoyed at will; trout of good size may be taken in numbers ;
and in these lonely forests are moose, caribou, deer, bear,
grouse, and much other
game—at many points as
plentiful as they were when
only the hardy voyageurs
and the pioneers of olden
days invaded their sanctuaries. Upon the main, or
"Transcontinental," line
there are several places be-
tweenMontreal and Ottawa
City—St. Anne de Bellevue, Calumet, Montebello,
Pointe du Chene, Papineauville and Buckingham
—near all of which good
fishing is obtainable, and
back of many places is good
fishing and hunting for
large and small game. The
Lievre River, which empties into the Ottawa at Buckingham, provides access to a
country well stocked with moose, deer, duck, and grouse, and
to charming forest lakes, wherein the great grey trout, and
dashing, lively fontinalii await the adventurous fisherman.
Steamers ply to the small village,known as Notre Dame du Lous,
a long, delightful day's run. Above that the traveller must
depend upon his own brawn or on that of the hardy French
voyageurs he will find living along the river. On the way up he
will be tempted to rest awhile at High Falls, a charming spot,
and as yet an unhackneyed one. He may return to civilization
either by the Gatineau or Rouge, passing days or weeks under
canvas, just as he shall elect.
Beyond Ottawa City, the first promising stopping-place is
the town of Arnprior, situated upon an expansion of the Ottawa
known as Lac des Chats, and distant from Carleton Junction
about twenty-six miles.
The bass fishing in Lac des Chats is fully equal to the
average in Ontario, which is saying not a little. Upon its
shores are many attractive camping sites ; but the best of all,
and the one most frequented, is at the beautiful Chats Rapids,
21 FISHING AND SHOOTING
where glorious sport may be had with the bass, and a wreek or
so be spent pleasantly under canvas. Boats, guides and bait
should be secured at Arnprior. The most deadly baits are live
minnows and worms. Trolling with spoons is also a tolerably
sure method, and other artificial lures ought to do good service.
Up the Madawaska River the hunting is very good. Bear,
deer and small game abound, and the fishing is excellent.
Experienced guides live at Arnprior, and there is no trouble in
getting canoes.
The town of Pembroke should be the objective point of
many of those who seek trout fishing. It is situated upon
Alumette Lake, an enlargement of the Ottawa River, some
seventy-eight miles from Carleton Junction, and upon the main
line. The town contains 5000 inhabitants and offers good hotel
accommodation. There are plenty of boats and wagons to
be hired at a moderate outlay, and it is the centre of one of
the best trout regions in America. There are also several
places within easy reach where capital black bass fishing is the
rule.
The country hereabout is intersected by many streamst
all plentifully stocked with trout, the size of the fish varying
in proportion to the volume of water where they are found.
On the Quebec side of the Ottawa River, the Laurentian range
forms the bank, and every stream which courses down its slopes
(and their name is legion) is stocked with trout. A detailed
list of them would be needless, as the angler cannot go astray;
full information regarding them, however, will be found in the
pamphlet issued by the Canadian Pacific Railway Company
devoted to Quebec. On the Ontario side, and within a few
miles of Pembroke, are a half-dozen waters which afford first-
rate fishing.
Within six miles are three good waters, in any of which an
average angler can take as many good fish in a day as he
needs.
Within twenty-five miles of the town, and out in Chichester township are a great many lakes in which large catches
may be made. Of these fish too much cannot be said ; they
are the gamest of the game, and a marked peculiarity about
them is their uniformity in size. Among a whole day's catch
three-fourths of the fish would weigh a pound apiece, very
few running below that weight, and few or none exceeding a
pound and a half.
Fifteen miles below the town are the Paquette Rapids,
than which there is no finer spot for camping. To reach
this water necessitates a drive, but it is a pleasant one, and
the fishing is of the best.
A particularly good lake, distant from Pembroke twenty
miles, may be reached by steamer, and also the mouth of Deep
River, each of which waters furnish good sport. Another
lake is situated upon a small mountain, within easy driving
distance, and from it splendid trout can be taken in good
numbers, the fish running from one to two and a half pounds.
It is a rare occurrence to take a fish weighing less than a
pound in this lake. To reach it, one has to put in a bit of uphill tramping, but only long enough to thoroughly extend the
muscles, and fit a man for a grand day's work. A peculiarity
about the trout in this and some other neighboring waters is
22 THE OTTAWA RIVER AND ITS TRIBUTARIES
that they appear to be of three different species, though the
difference is simply a matter of color and markings.
Perhaps the first fish caught will be a fine specimen of the
ordinary brook trout, resplendent with the famous jewelled
regalia which has so often been sung and written of. The
second fish may prove to be a paler-tinted, heavier-made fellow,
game to the backbone, and swift and strong, but lacking the
beauty of number one. The angler will to a certainty eye
this fish attentively, and possibly slip it into the creel with
the remark, "That's the queerest looking trout I've seen for
some time," and he will cast again, hoping to take another.
The fly will kiss the water, and lo! there is a sudden
lightning gleam and a fierce strain that makes the rod bow in
acknowledgment, and the reel scream a surprised protest,
while the blood courses through one's veins in swift response to
the challenge of a real out-and-out fighter. The swirling
battle goes on—the maddened rushes grow shorter and
weaker, the reel cautiously devours foot by foot the silken
tether, and presently the net sinks below a royal prize; and
he rolls over, with a despairing effort, the current flashes
with a gleam of brightest gold, and you have an example of
what is styled in the vicinity a " golden trout." Swift, valiant
champions of the flood are they, looking as though they had
been gilded all over their lower parts with a tint which rivals
the splendor of the lazy gold-fish of glass-globe notoriety ; and
never did nobler quarry test the spring of a rod. Such are the
trout of this mountain lake.
Pembroke is a very good centre for the man who is fond
of shooting small game. Within a few miles there is some
excellent duck shooting at Mud Lake. Late in the fall, just
before everything freezes, very large bags of duck have been
made there, and along the stream which discharges from it
there is occasionally good snipe shooting, something that is
becoming harder to get every year.
To refer again to the streams upon the Quebec side,
Oiseau Creek deserves more than a passing notice. The fishing is particularly good, the trout weighing from a quarter of
a pound each up to a pound and a half. In order to fish this
creek properly, the angler must go prepared to wade; the
water will be found clear of obstructions and the bottom safe,
with no treacherous spots to entrap the feet. Between Pembroke and the town of Mattawa, ninety-four miles distant, are
dozens of streams, all well stocked with trout, several of
them being also excellent for bass, especially at Petewawa,
eleven miles from Pembroke, and at Chalk River, nine
miles farther along the line. Inside of this limit several very
good trout streams are crossed by the track. On the Quebec
side are numerous rivers which can be followed to their headwaters, and canoe trips occupying from a few days to a few
weeks made in almost every direction.
The Petewawa River flows through an admirable deer
range. A portion of the surrounding lands belongs now to
the Algonquin National Park, but outside that there are other
places that should still yield deer to the persevering hunter.
The country is an easy one to hunt over, being composed of
low rounded hills, covered with scattered pine and bearing a
luxuriant crop of the common bracken, which is of course dry
23 FISHING AND SHOOTING THE MATTAWA RIVER AND THE UPPER OTTAWA
and brown in the hunting season. The deer lie during the day
on the sunny side of the hills, warmly ensconsed in this bracken
and a good still-hunter, moving cautiously along the ridges
will usually jump one or two in the course of a day within
easy range.
One of the best creeks in the district is Bissett's, crossed
by the Canadian Pacific line, and distant from Pembroke
sixty miles. It is wide and open, with safe bottom all the
way across for wading; and some of the handsomest trout
ever hooked in this section of country have been killed on
this water. The fish are not phenomenally large, but as a
general thing they run very even in size, the average being
from ten to twelve inches in length. Good sport should be
enjoyed here.
Half an hour's run from Bissett's is Deux Rivieres, or Two
Rivers station. There is an abundance of game in this locality,
especially on the east side of the Ottawa River, including
moose, red deer, and bear ; it is also a good place for trout
fishing.
Back of Caughwana Lake, thirty-five miles from Deux
Rivieres, is an excellent spot for moose and bear, and for trout
weighing from two to three pounds.
Near here, in Ontario, is Algonquin Park, a great forest
and game reservation established by the Ontario Government.
But enough has been written to give a good rough idea of the
great resources of this section of country in the matter of
fishing.
To sum up : a trial of these waters is urged, as the result
will convince any angler that this is an excellent country for
trout. A man or a party can go to Pembroke, Petewawa, Chalk
River, Moor Lake, or Deux Rivieres, equipped with finest
tackle, and find every opportunity for using it. They
can go with their best rods, choicest lines, deadliest flies,
and favorite reels, and find abundant sport; and they will
also meet some enthusiastic anglers prepared to extend to
them the right-hand of fellowship in the craft, and see that
they enjoy themselves ; for there is no need for jealousy
of a rival's performance on such richly stocked waters, nor in
such grand game resorts. It should also be remembered that
those scourges of all good waters—the flies—moderate their
attacks about July 1st and are not noticed at all after the end -
of July.
As a game country, this territory will not be found
inferior to any likely to be visited by the average sportsman. Black bear are by no means scarce, some years
more and some years less. The common red deer, so-called,
can be found but a short distance from the line of the
railway, Deux Rivieres and neighboring stations being exceptionally promising points ; but the better plan for a stranger
is to secure a reliable guide, and leave the selection of the
ground to him. Duck shooting is frequently very good on
the larger lakes ; but the special merit of this part of the
country is the abundance of forest game. Those who visit it
may depend upon having plenty of chances at deer, within
all likelihood a shot or two at bear, and ruffed grouse in
abundance.
25 FISHING AND SHOOTING
THE    flATTAWA    RIVER,    ITS    HEADWATERS,
TEMISKAMING   AND  THE
UPPER   OTTAWA.
Following the transcontinental line west beyond Pembroke and the waters referred to, the next important station
for sportsmen is the town of Mattawa, situated at the
junction of the Mattawra River with the Ottawa.
The town of Mattawa (a name borrowed from the Indians,
and signifying " The Meeting Place " in the Ojibway tongue)
is one of the best points on that portion of the line to fit out
for an extended shooting or fishing excursion. The hotel
accommodation there is good, and prices are low for board,
or guides and boats. It is a supply depot for a vast, rugged
and wild country, where extensive lumbering operations are
carried on. Here you will find outfitters who will supply
every want, and whose experience as to woodland travel is
unrivalled. Guides—as good as any in the northland—and
the graceful Algonquin model birch-bark are also to be
secured at this old H. B. C. post.
For very many years the Hudson's Bay Company maintained a post at this place, in fact the post was there an hundred years before the town. There are also one or two large
general stores which make a specialty of outfitting sportsmen.
Within ten miles of Mattawa, the visitor will find very good
trout fishing, and the local men succeed in getting deer very
near the town. They have a hunt club, and run deer with
hounds. Thirty-nine miles above the Mattawa begins the
attractive Lake Temiskaming, and nine miles to the eastward
lies the equally attractive Lake Kippewa. These are but the
threshold of a region so vast that it is almost impossible for
the human mind to grasp its extent. The voyageur may
travel for days and weeks in a northern, eastern or western
direction and continually find fresh lakes, almost unknown
rivers, and great bodies of virgin forest spread out like a map
before him. It is a mistake, however, to think that the
further away the more game; as a matter of fact, the best
region of all is that adjacent to lakes Temiskaming, Kippewa,
and Temagaming, which is a large "haunted" lake lying to the
westward of Temiskaming. This lake has always been a place
of great solitude; the Indians have a tradition that it was the
abode of evil spirits, and that His Satanic Majesty was very
intimately acquainted with certain islands in it. A detailed
description of this beautiful region, the fabled Algonquin
heaven, is given in a pamphlet, issued by the C.P.R., entitled
"Temagaming."
The trip up the Mattawa by canoe is as follows, it being
understood that there is plenty of game on either side of the
river, and all about the lakes to be mentioned as its headwaters. Going up stream, of course, necessitates considerable
work, and this route is described for those who want to be
most of their time in their canoe and enjoy a trip up and back.
The easiest way to do the Mattawa is to take the canoe by
rail to Lac du Talon, which is crossed by the Canadian Pacific
Railway at Rutherglen station, from which one can work up
and down the river. Your guide will lay out the route, and
decide upon where to pitch the tent if shooting is the primary
object.
26 THE  MATTAWA RIVER AND THE  UPPER OTTAWA
Leaving the town and paddling up the river about a
mile and a half from the starting point, the first portage is
reached at McCool's mills. This portage is about 100 yards
long, and then comes the beautiful sheet of water called Champlain Lake, some f\ve miles long and varying in width from a
quarter to a half mile.
The shores of this lake are very pretty and well wooded,
with numerous moss-covered rocky terraces, affording excellent sites for a party to pitch their tents. There are plenty
of fine lunge and bass, which take the troll readily.
Passing on up the lake, a roar of water is heard, and presently we reach La Rose Rapids. The Am able du Fond River,
wjhich is the outlet of a small chain of waters, among which
a^e Crooked, Manitoulin, Smith's and Tee Lakes, pours its
rApid current into the Mattawa at the head of these rapids.
Tne river is w^ell worth exploring, as in the lakes mentioned
there is capital fishing. To pass La Rose Rapids necessitates a
portage of about a quarter of a mile; then a sharp current
must be tackled until some small rapids are reached at the
foot of Birch Lake. These are but trifling obstacles, and
the next point is "The Needles." Here the detour is completed, and the Mattawa again reached. A goodly sized
brook comes tumbling down the deep slope, and the angler
will do well to keep this stream in mind, for it drains several
small mountain lakes heavily stocked with speckled trout of
goodly size.
Passing up the river, Nature assumes a grander aspect,
the banks reaching upward higher and higher, until in many
places they form walls of sheer rock from 100 to 200 feet high.
Parause Rapids and the Little Parause demand another
portage ; then straight paddling again to the Mill Rush ;
another short portage, and a paddle through Eel Lake for
a couple of miles ; then another mile of the river proper,
the scenery being, if anything, more pleasing than that
already passed, and Talon Chute is reached. A portage of
nearly 300 yards is succeeded by about a mile of fast water,
after which the work at the paddles may be slackened, for the
voyageur has reached Lac du Talon, famed among the lumbermen for its mighty lunge and bass.
This is one of a regular network of small lakes which form
the headwaters of the Mattawa ; and verily this network
will entangle the angler's heart, for in one and all of its
meshes are splendid fish. Countless streams and rivulets
contribute their volumes to feed these lakes, and speckled
trout abound wherever the water is deep enough to cover
them.
The Lake Temiskaming branch of the Canadian Pacific Railway follows the left bank of the river from Mattawa to Temiskaming at the foot of Lake Temiskaming, where it branches off
to Kippewa on Lake Kippewa. By this route one reaches a
country of moose, caribou, bear, and fishing, for many feeders
of the Ottawa contain brook trout. The Jocko River, which
joins the Ottawa at Lumsden, is a good trout stream, and excellent sport is to be obtained at Beauchene and Boisf ranc Lakes.
Lake Temiskaming (Indian for " deep and shallow water "), an
expansion of the Ottawa some seventy-five miles long containing black bass, and surrounded by forest levels of exceedingly
rich land, occupied at present by lumbermen and game, but
27 FISHING AND SHOOTING
destined shortly to attract numerous settlers, can be traversed
either by canoe or steamers, a fine line having been established,
which runs in connection with the trains. At Temiskaming
station, where there is a really excellent modern hotel, Baie
des Peres, Haileybury and old Fort Temiskaming, an ancient
Hudson's Bay Co.'s post, the sportsman will find comfortable
quarters from which expeditions may be made, and at the
place first named parties can be fully outfitted and supplied
with guides, etc. Beyond Lake Temiskaming, in a great
game region, the waterways lead in all directions. Should
one wish to go to Temagaming the peerless, with its
1400 islands and limpid waters teeming with game fish, then
portage from Haileybury, and canoe up the Montreal Rivir
and through Lady Evelyn and Diamond Lakes to Temagamint,
and via the northeast arm and the Rabbit Lakes back to Temiskaming. The most enjoyable canoe trip imaginable is found
here—full information about which is given in a special booklet
devoted to Temagaming. If the sportsman wishes to go to
James Bay, from the head of the lake, Lac des Quinze can be
reached by good wagon-roads; from the latter lake he
can go by the lumber company's "alligators" to the end
of the deep bay where the Lonely River begins and
which can be ascended to the first falls. On this road there
are few portages and they are kept in admirable order, while
five-sixths of the journey is over splendid lakes, very well
stocked with fish.
It takes about three weeks to go from Lake Temiskaming
to James Bay when the beauty of the scenery and the abundance of fish and game do not detain the traveller longer on the
way.
If, instead of going to James Bay, we wish to proceed
toward the splendid territories in the northeast, we may go
from Lac des Quinze in an easterly direction by the "alligators " already mentioned to the southeastern extremity of the
magnificent Lake Expanse, called also Ouanaouais. From
this lake there is a choice of portages either by the river
Ouanaouais or by the Ottawa to Grand Lac Victoria, remarkable for the peculiarity of its shape, the quantity and
the excellence of its fish, and the surprising number of
moose that are to be found near it. On this journey there
are more portages than on the road to James Bay, but
they are easy and well-beaten, while along them are several
lumbering establishments where a fresh supply of provisions
are to be obtained. From Grand Lac Victoria, the line of
the Canadian Pacific can be reached again by going down
through a series of lakes and rivers, by which one may canoe
down the Lievre and reach the railway at Buckingham, or
the St. Maurice, coming out at Three Rivers, or continue on to
Lake St. John and return to Quebec by rail. These routes
offer glorious canoe trips, which will furnish themes for many
a tale of moose, and bear, and wolf, of struggles with hard-
fighting trout and bass, of nights in the primeval forest, of
beds of sapin, and of a thousand and one other things that go
to make the life of a woodland wanderer delightful.
Lake Kippewa lies directly to the east of Temiskaming,
from which it is reached by the short line of railway wiiich
follows up the rapid waters of Gordon Creek. Kippewa is
dotted with innumerable islands, on some of which are lovely
28 LAKE NIPISSING AND TROUT LAKE
L
lakelets, and its arms spread out like the tentacles of a
huge octopus, giving it a coast line of some 600 miles.
Steamers make trips in all directions and give access to
these waters whose intricacies are suggested by its Indian
appellation, which is said to mean " hiding place." There
is hotel accommodation at the village of Kippewa, where
the tourist can also hire guides, canoes and camping
outfit. Kippewa gives a bewildering choice of canoe routes
—one by the Maganasipi to Deux Rivieres, another by the
DuMoine to Des Joachims, each occupying from eight to
ten days, a third by Ostaboining Lake and Fraser River to
Quinze Bay and the head of Lake Temiskaming, and thence
by steamer—a fortnight's outing, another via North River,
Birch Lake, Ogaskananing Lake, Ross Lake and Lake
Expanse, and down the Ottawa to Lake Temiskaming. This
would occupy about three weeks. These trips could be multiplied indefinitely; some would take from a few days to
a few weeks, while the whole summer could be passed in
these delightful solitudes without a duplication of route.
A lover of the canoe, who prefers to take his own craft
with him, can visit the town of North Bay, situated on Lake
Nipissing, and distant from Mattawa forty-six miles, another
town on the transcontinental line of the Canadian Pacific
Railway.
From North Bay he can, if so inclined, first explore a
portion of the fine Lake Nipissing, and then send his
canoe by waggon to Trout Lake, four miles away, and
reached by an excellent road. This lake is the largest of the
headwaters of the Mattawa, being about twelve miles long.
From it the route by canoe is the same as was followed in bygone times by the voyageurs of the Hudson's Bay Company,
i.e., from Trout Lake to Turtle Lake ; thence a trifling portage
enables you to reach Pine Lake, from which a portage of a
quarter of a mile completes the journey to Lac du Talon,
already referred to, whence the trip on the Mattawa can be
reversed until the Ottawa is reached; and once that stream
is gained, the voyageur must decide for himself where the trip
shall finish, for he is now upon that mighty watery highway
which ends with the St. Lawrence.
LAKE NIPISSING AND TROUT LAKE.
On the shores of Lake Nipissing is the bustling little town
of North Bay. The lake is a magnificent sheet of water, some
thirty miles wide and eighty long, offering unlimited opportunities for sailing, bathing or fishing. There is plenty of
hotel accomodation, from $1 per day upwards, and as the
town is built close to the beach, the hotels are within 200 yards
of the water.
Below the village a pier runs out 150 yards or more,
and, from this point of vantage big catches of pike, bass and
pickerel are made. The method used is " whipping"
with a rod and spoon or with a fish's eye for bait; but there
are plenty of minnows to be taken with proper tackle; and
with live bait, or any of the good imitations, great catches
could be made without going farther than the end of the
wharf.   There are many craft including steam yachts and
29 FISHING AND SHOOTING
sail boats, available ; and by heading toward the Indian
reservation, a pleasant trip and a good catch are assured.
The fish include bass, pike, pickerel and lunge, and
heavy ones of each variety will probably be taken during
an afternoon's trolling. But a visitor must remember that
sport is sometimes uncertain upon all large lakes, and he
should not despair if he fail to land a big string at the first
attempt. This will also apply to f Trout Lake, or to any
other water of equal size. But the chances, especially on
Nipissing, amount to almost a certainty in favor of success,
and, unless the water be too rough, he will return with a fine
lot of big ones.
As a shooting ground the Nipissing country ranks very
high. There are any number of deer and ruffed grouse all
around the lake, quite a few moose, caribou and bear, and
upon Avhat is known as the "long arm" of Nipissing good
duck shooting may be had in the Fall. The district about
Callander, and the very best portions of the Muskoka deer
country, are close at hand, and those of Parry Sound lie
between this lake and the Georgian Bay, and they are among
the best known.
One of the best points in the Nipissing district, and reached
direct by the Canadian Pacific Railway, is the country around
Sturgeon River, distant from North Bay twenty-three miles.
Hunting parties for several years past have returned home
laden with the spoils of the chase.
Some four miles inland from Nipissing is the beautiful
Trout Lake, of which so much has been written during the past
few years. To a camping party this lake offers attractions of
the highest order, and there are two or three houses upon the
shore where a few visitors can be comfortably housed, and
where a steam launch and half a dozen excellent skiffs are
kept for hire. Trout Lake is a picture which once seen will
never be forgotten. Numerous islands of all sizes, from half
an acre to nearly a hundred, make portions of it appear like so
many separate channels, and form a combination of loveliness
that is not surpassed by any lake in Canada. Surrounding
this water is a rugged, rocky, lonely wild, with great hills and
deep ravines, alike densely clad with towering evergreens, and
through whose shadowed aisles runs many a good trout
stream.
Fishing in the lake is a thing to be remembered. Deep in
its icy depths are great big salmon trout, and for these an extra
weight must be put on the troll.
But one need not go '' three thousand leagues under the
sea" to have sport, for, with ordinary tackle, bass and pickerel
of good size can readily be taken; and now and again a monster
lunge will test the angler's quality. One of thirty-five pounds
weight was hooked by a lady, and successfully landed after a
hard fight.
If a man spends a week at Trout Lake and comes away
dissatisfied with either the fishing or the scenery of that richly
endowed spot, he is indeed hard to please.
A guide and boat can be secured on the spot, and, starting
from the head of the lake, the visitor is pulled for a couple of
miles ere it is time to cast out the trolls.
Each fisherman should have a couple of lines, for this
reason : some few yards from the rocky evergreen-clad shore a
30 LAKE NIPISSING AND TROUT LAKE
sort of shelf of rocks runs out ten or twelve feet below the surface. It can be seen distinctly, and the object is to keep the
boat as near as possible poised over its outside limit. Looking
down through the clear water, you trace the extreme edge of
this ledge, and immediately outside of it is a black abyss of
great depth. The two lines are worked in this way ; one
should be as long as possible, and have enough sinker above
the troll to keep it at the depth of this shelf of rock, the other
and shorter line requiring nothing but the ordinary spoon
hook.
Following this method, some heavy fish should be taken,
the short line keeping the angler well occupied playing bass
and pickerel, while the other will offer him a very good chance
of hooking a big lunge.
Passing on down the lake the scenery is extremely beautiful, and one realizes how thoroughly attractive is this wilderness. Presently a round opening in the wall of evergreens
is noticed, and a closer inspection reveals Short Portage,
a few yards long, which leads into Four Mile Bay. We
take a peep through, and note how pretty the surroundings
are ; then we go down the lake toward Big Camp Island, seven
miles from the starting point, passing several very pretty
islets on the way.
A peculiarity of Trout Lake is a wonderful echo, which is
best tested from a point on the water about two miles above
Big Camp Island, especially on a calm evening. Under such
conditions the slightest sound is repeated with startling
distinctness many times, and testing the mocking voice of
the distant hills is a favorite amusement with those enjoy
ing a paddle by moonlight upon this lovely water. A sharp
cry or loud whistle is answered at once from the lofty hills on
either side with marvelous precision ; then there will be a few
seconds of silence, and a musical re-echo comes floating back,
to be repeated again and again from hill after hill, and point
after point, softer and sweeter as it slowly dies away, until it
is finally lost in a whisper, faint and far, from the great
forested height that marks the head of the lake.
Turtle Lake is connected with this water, and the fishing
there is something to be remembered ; while in its outlet,
Lost River, the bass fishing is unsurpassed. Many big catches
made on the last mentioned are on record, some of the bass
running over three pounds, and being quite willing to be
caught at the rate of fifteen an hour.
Shooting in the immediate neighborhood is always good.
Bears frequently appear upon the shores; to see deer swimming
from the mainland to one or other of the islands is a common
occurrence; caribou are met with, and moose have from time
immemorial harbored about the beaver meadows and in the
densely wooded stretch of lowland near the foot of the lake.
31 FISHING AND SHOOTING
32
J FROM STURGEON FALLS TO PORT ARTHUR
FROM STURGEON FALLS TO FORT WILLIAM AND
LAKE OF THE WOODS, INCLUDING THE
FAMOUS NEPIGON AND STEEL
RIVERS, ETC.
In following the transcontinental line from the portion just
described to Fort William, the route traverses a good game
regfon, rough and wild in the extreme, and crosses some of the
very finest trout streams on the continent, including the world-
renowned Nepigon River and Lake, the dream alike of anglers
who have and have not cast a line in its rushing flood, or had
their best efforts taxed by the jewelled leviathans that abound
in that incomparable water. Many of the rivers and brooks
in this section, and the numerous lakes, great and small, which
are seen from the car windows, have never been fished, but
such as have been tried have richly rewarded the experiment.
Near Sudbury some fair lake fishing is obtainable, and
the adjacent country is a good one for black bear and
grouse. In traversing the north shore of Lake Superior you
will cross, among others, the Wahnapitaeping River, flowing
from Lake Metagama into Georgian Bay ; the Onaping River,
draining the lake of that name; Spanish River; Mississaga,
the outlet of Winibegon and Ground Hog Lakes ; the Apish-
kaugama, Michipicoten and the Steel Rivers, trout streams of
rare merit. The Magpie, Whiteand the Little Pic Rivers also
abound in trout of good size, White River being perhaps as
good as any of the extensive list. Steel River offers some of
the choicest trout fishing available outside of Nepigon. It has
several small falls and rapids and deep pools, and, in fact, it is
just the stream an angler loves, and wonderful catches may be
made either by following it upward or by fishing near its mouth,
using either flies, worms, minnow, or artificial lures. Other
trout-haunted tributaries of this north shore are the Mink,
Black, Maggot, Gravel, Cypress, Prairie, Jack Pine, Trout
Creek, Wolfe, McKenzie, and Current Rivers, and there are
several others within easy reach of the railway. In all of
these trout are numerous, and the great majority of them
can be waded. Of course, in fishing such waters one must
be prepared to live under canvas or put up with poor accommodation ; but that only adds to the enjoyment of a holiday
in this lone, romantic land, and more attractive surroundings
or better fishing than will surely be found there no man could
desire.
The Railway Company, desirous of doing all in its power
to further the interests of sportsmen, decided, some years
ago, to render several of the good but almost unfished rivers
of this district more accessible, and also to decrease the
difficulty of fishing that exceptionally good water, the Steel.
What was most urgently required was a system of trails
leading direct to the fishing, for the woods and covers about
many of the best reaches of fast water were almost impassable
to any but experienced woodsmen. Trails were accordingly
made upon the Steel River, Prairie River, Black River, Gravel
River and Jack Pine River, and it must be remembered that
these are the choice of the whole extensive list. A few remarks
conveying hints for general guidance to each should be useful.
33 FISHING AND SHOOTING
Michipicoten. To fish this river you get off at Missanabie
station and cross Dog Lake in a steam-launch, about ten
miles, to Stony Portage, where the fishing may begin. Good
fishing is to be had from this point to the discharge of the river
into Lake Superior, a distance of about forty miles. The fish
are large (up to five and a half pounds) and game, the water
rapid and there is lots of room to cast a fly. The stream has
been very little fished. It probably is very little inferior, if at
all, to the Nepigon. Guides and canoes can be secured at Missanabie, without any difficulty if advance notice is given.
From Missanabie the tourist can make the journey to
James Bay—the southern portion of Hudson's Bay. This is
accomplished by canoe. The river cannot be surpassed for
scenery. Good fishing and shooting are to be had. The journey
occupies from eight to ten days from Missanabie to Moose
Factory, the Hudson's Bay Company fort and headquarters
of the Company in that part of the country. The return,
which is against the stream, will take fifteen to eighteen days,
and can be made either by the same route or by the Abittibi
River to the upper Ottawa and Lake Temiskaming country,
reaching the railway again at Temiskaming.
White River. Fairly good fishing is to be had in this
stream. The railway follows its bank from White River
station to Montizambert. The fish are not very large, running
from one to three and a half pounds in weight, but in the
proper season, i.e., from August 1st to September 15th, they
are plentiful. The advantage of this stream is that it can
be fished without guides, as at no point is it more than a
quarter of a mile from the railway between the above-
mentioned points.
Peninsula. Station close to the beach of Lake Superior.
Good trout fishing may be had along the shore of the lake
between this point and Port ColdwTell station; also in Port
Munro stream, four miles west of Peninsula, and in the Mink
River, about eight miles west of Peninsula. Canoes cannot
be used in either of these streams. Plenty of fish to be had, and
of a large size. There is an hotel at Peninsula, where the
traveller can get a good clean bed, provided he does not wish to
camp out.
Middleton. First-rate fishing to be had in Lake Superior
along the rocks. It is also the station for the Little Pic River,
two miles east. Good fishing is to be had in this stream.
Indians are always encamped at the mouth of it, and they may
be engaged at any time for an ascent of the river. The only
drawback to this stream is that, for four or five days after rain,
the water is so discolored that the fish cannot see a fly,
which makes the fishing very uncertain ; however, the fisherman may always depend upon having good sport in Lake
Superior.
Prairie River. Situated two miles east of Steel Lake
siding. The Company has had a trail cut along this river.
It starts about 500 feet west of the railway bridge, and runs in
a northerly direction for about four miles, striking the river
at the head of the rapid water. Fishermen wade down the
rapids from this point, getting good fishing all along. The trail
is cut quite close to the river, and can be easily reached from any
point. Good fishing can be had in this water after the middle
of June ;   but   it  is particularly good from August 1st to
34 FROM STURGEON FALLS TO PORT ARTHUR
September 15th, the fish running in weight from one-half to
three pounds.
Steel River. Get off at Jack Fish station. A trail, starting
about a quarter of a mile east of Jack Fish,has been cut through
to Clearwater Lake, a distance of about two and a half miles, and
the portage between Clearwater and Mountain Lake(the headwaters of Steel River), a mile in length, has been brushed out
and put in good order. A trail has been cut on the west side of
the River from Mountain Lake to the foot of the Big Bluff at
Telford's Pool, at which point the river can be waded at low
water. On the east side a trail has been cut from Mountain Lake
to the foot of rapid water. A trail has also been cut from the
iron railway bridge to the basin and head of the rapids, at the
mouth of the river. A canoe may now be taken in by way of
Clearwater Lake and down the river to Jack Fish station
without difficulty. The portages, though long, are good. The
fishing in this river is excellent from the time the ice leaves
until the middle of June, except immediately after heavy
rains, when the water is too much discolored for a day or two.
From the middle of June until the 1st of August good sport
is often to be had, though it is somewhat uncertain. From
August 1st to September 15th the fishing cannot be surpassed
anywhere, the fish ranging in weight from two to six pounds.
If the fisherman intends visiting the headwaters of this
river he should have guides with him; but capital sport is to
be had from the mouth of the river to the basin. If this part
of the river is fished no guide will be required, and just as
good sport can be had as in the upper stretches.
Black River. Situated half a mile west of Black River
siding. The Company has had a trail cut, starting from the
west side of the bridge over the river, and running north for
about four miles, to the head of the rapids. From this point
fishermen should wade down the river, where good sport is to be
had. The fish are plentiful, though not large ; anything over
two and a half pounds in weight is rarely caught. It would
well repay anybody to visit this point, if only to see the falls,
which are situated about a mile south of the bridge. A good
trail leading to the falls starts from the line of railway about
a mile west of Black River siding.
Gravel River. A trail has been cut from Gravel River
station to the foot of the big falls on Gravel River, a distance
of two miles, then down the river along the rapid water for
about two and a half miles, then back to the station. These
trails form a triangle. The fishing in the river is good,
particularly early in the season and in the Fall, though somewhat uncertain. Fish range in weight from one and a half to
four pounds. Good fishing is also to be had from the rocks
along the lake shore. This is a most desirable point for parties
who wish to enjoy good fishing without the expense of guides
There is a good camping ground near the station, within easy
reach of both the lake and the river fishing. The scenery here
is particularly fine.
Jack Pine River. One-fourth of a mile east of Mazokama
station. A trail, starting from Mazokama station has been
cut north along this river for four miles to the head of the
rapid water. Large fish are taken in this river from the time
the ice leaves until the middle of June, except during very
high water.    From the middle of June until August 15th large
35 FISHING AND  SHOOTING
numbers of fish can be taken, though they are usually somewhat small in size ; the fisherman can always look forward,
however, to three or four large fish during a day on the river
and not be disappointed. From August 15th until September
15th the fish are numerous and large ; in weight from one and
a half to five pounds.
Pearl River Station. Between Pearl River station and
Loon Lake siding are a number of lakes, among them, Loon
Lake, Bass Lake, and Silver Lake, where capital black bass
and trout'fishing is to be had, all within easy reach of the
railway.
The Nepigon. Most famous of all the streams of the north
shore, however, is the beautiful Nepigon, and nobody going
so far should fail to make the trip by canoe from its mouth
to the parent lake above. The Nepigon is some thirty-one
miles long, and connects Lake Nepigon with Superior, its
waters emptying into Nepigon Bay. On a fishing day—for
even Nepigon has its "off days," and occasionally gets the
sulks—you will take veritable giants ; great trout of beauty
and weight, that even the rankest enthusiast ne'er dreams of
till he has tried this stream. Two-pounders, three-pounders,
four, five—yea! and, by the unlying scales, eleven-pounders
are there ready to spring upon the deadly fly and fight to the
last gasp against your practised hand. The station for it is
Nepigon, where will be found a comfortable little hotel with
accommodation for a limited number.
On some days the fishing is fairly good from the railway
bridge down to the mouth, particularly in the rapids ; but to
fish the river properly you must camp, and fortunately there
is no difficulty about obtaining guides (Indians) and canoes at
Red Rock, Nepigon, Ont., a Hudson's Bay Company's post.
All necessaries for ordinary camping parties can also be
obtained there. Intending visitors must bear in mind that
a trip up the river means living under canvas, and govern
themselves accordingly. Necessities can be obtained on the
spot; luxuries must be brought from the towns. There are
many beautiful sites for a camp all along the river, and to say
that it is a veritable angler's paradise is quite within the mark.
Trout scaling from two to five pounds may be readily taken on
any of the best pools, and whitefish are plentiful and afford
fine sport, rising eagerly at "gnat flies." Their mouths are
as tender as wet paper, and a light hand must have hold of the
rod to land them; but a two or three-pound whitefish is not
to be despised, as he will fight bravely on the hook, and is
wondrous toothsome on the platter.
The standard flies for Nepigon and adjacent waters are
the "professor," "queen," "grizzly king," "Montreal," "Seth
Green," "fairy," "shoemaker," "coachman," "silver doctor,"
"gray drake," "green drake," yellow, brown, black and grizzled "hackles," and "gnats" for the special benefit of the
silvery whitefish. In addition to such of these as you may
pin faith to, and others of your own particular fancy, it will
be as well to take some artificial minnows.
The Nepigon falls 313 feet in its course of thirty-one mile;
and varies greatly in width, narrowing to about 150 yards one
mile from its mouth, but broadening at other points into'a
36
in FROM STURGEON FALLS TO PORT ARTHUR
noble stream. Four lakes mark its course, the first being Lake
Helen, only a mile from Red Rock, the Canadian Pacific
crossing at its outlet. The current at this outlet is very strong.
Lake Helen extends due north, and is some eight miles long by
one wide. The river proper leaves this lake on the west side,
and for six miles above it is broad and deep, with a moderate
current, till the bend at Camp Alexandria is reached. A
quarter of a mile above are the Long Rapids, continuing for a
couple of miles. These are avoided on the upward journey by
paddling up a brook on the west side for three-quarters of a
mile, and from thence portaging to the second lake, Lake
Jessie, reached by a portage of a mile and a half. Lake Jessie
is three miles long and dotted with numerous small islands,
and is separated from Lake Maria by the -tumbling narrows.
The latter lake is two and a half miles long. From this lake to
Cedar Portage, or Split Rock, the distance is a couple of miles,
the portage being 250 yards long. A mile and a quarter above
is another portage over an island in the centre of the stream,
called Island Portage, which is about fifty yards long; and
three miles above it is One Mile Portage. At a trifle over a mile
above the head of this portage the stream rushes down in a
foamy chute; and immediately above is Lake Emma, nearly
four miles long. A narrow arm of the river extends beyond the
White Chute, which the canoer will follow for about a mile, and
then portage 230 yards to Lake Emma. The distance between
this lake and Lake Nepigon is only a few miles ; but the river
is broken by four rapids not to be essayed by canoe. In
order to avoid this, canoes turn aside at the north-west angle
of Lake Emma, and follow a small stream, flowing from Lake
Hannah, for a quarter of a mile, and thence onward for four
miles to the head of Lake Hannah, where Flat Rock Portage,
one mile long, extends to the shore of Lake Nepigon.
This grand sheet of water measures full seventy miles in
length by about fifty wide. It is studded with beautiful
islands, and its coast line is so broken and indented with
coves and bays that it measures good 580 miles. To give an
idea of the attractions of this lake, it may be mentioned that
the islands, great and small, number nearly, if not quite, 1000,
varying in size from eight miles in breadth down to mere
picturesque rocks. Uncounted streams, several of them navigable by canoes for a considerable distance, empty into the
great reservoir, and make this lake a most attractive water
for explorations. The principal feeder is the Kayosh or Gull
River, at the southwest curve of the lake, at the mouth of
which is situated " Poplar Lodge," a Hudson's Bay post. From
the above brief summary some idea may be gleaned of the
resources of Nepigon. No essential part of the outfit should
be omitted, for once started from Nepigon station you are in
the wilderness indeed; and take your veiling material and
favorite *' fly medicine " along for you will need them. Like
every other good water on the American continent, Nepigon
has its winged pests ; and, while the sport is such as to make
you hold lightly their attacks, comfort is not to be overlooked.
The Nepigon can be reached either by the Canadian Pacific
Railway direct to Nepigon station, or by one of the Canadian
Pacific Railway's splendid lake steamers to Fort William,
the tourist having the privilege of going by rail and returning
by steamer, or vice versa.
37 FISHING AND   SHOOTING
A point to be remembered is that very large trout (genuine
brook trout, Salmo fontinalis) may be caught from the rocks
along the lake shore at almost any point between Port Cold well
station and Mink Harbor, a reach of coast line of many miles.
Residents on Jack Fish Bay take all the trout they want by
merely casting from the shore rocks with the rudest description of tackle ; and there is good sport in hooking and playing
a five, six, or seven-pounder in the ice-cold flood of " Big-sea-
water," the Gitche Gumee of the red man, upon whose mighty
breast Hiawatha fought with the leviathans who lurk below,
as told in Longfellow's poetical story.
In the territory lying between the Nepigon and Fort
William are a number of excellent waters, both for trout and
bass. In two of them, Loon and Silver Lakes, black bass of
great size are easily taken, as they rise freely to the fly, and
the unusual sight of a speckled trout and a black bass hooked
on the same cast has been witnessed at Loon Lake. This lake
is the source of the Pearl River, and is well worth a visit, as is
also Silver Lake, distant from it only three miles, and equally
well stocked with the two fish mentioned. There are a
number of trout streams in the neighborhood of Port Arthur
and Fort William. The same choice of rail or steamer is of
course offered, going or returning, as mentioned in connection
with Nepigon, as Port Arthur and its sister town, Fort
William, are the terminal points of the Canadian Pacific
Railway's upper lake steamer routes.
As shooting grounds, these broad tracts of forest, lake,
and rocky barren between Sudbury and Fort William are worth
attention. Black bear, moose, caribou, and ruffed grouse are
generally distributed. The best points are upon the north
shore of Superior proper; Jack Fish being, perhaps, as good
a centre of operations as any. But, as every sportsman knows,
this implies knowledge of woodcraft, and more or less work.
Westward from Fort William a wild broken country
extends to the boundary line that divides the Province of
Ontario from that of Manitoba. Like the region just referred
to it has many lakes and streams; but the first worthy of
special notice is Wabigoon Lake, lying half-way between Fort
William and Winnipeg. This Wabigoon (Ojibway for flower)
Lake is a pretty sheet of water extending west and south about
twenty miles in each direction by about three or four wide,
with rough, rocky shores in places, and a few small islands.
Lake Trout, white fish, pike and pickerel abound in them, and
may be caught with trolls. Beyond the Wabigoon Lakes are
the Upper and Lower Manitou Lakes, fine stretches of water
giving forty miles of steamboat navigation, and holding unlimited lake trout, white fish and pickerel. A small stream
connects the upper and lower Manitou Lakes with Rainy
Lake, offering a new route to the Rainy River system of
waters, which marks the international boundary between the
Province of Ontario and the State of Minnesota. One can
leave the train at Wabigoon station and descend the outlet of
Wabigoon Lake to Rainy Lake, and paddle either to Lake-
of-the-Woods via Rainy River, or follow the international boundary eastward by way of Pigeon River to Lake
Superior, reached at Grand Portage. Small but comfortable
steamers are placed on the route between Wabigoon and
Rainy Lake—this being the Manitou district, which promises
38 FROM STURGEON FALLS TO PORT ARTHUR
^reat development of its mineral resources, and accommodation is being provided at different places en route which will be
<?apital centres from which to work either for game, fish or gold.
Undoubtedly Wabigoon is the best centre for sport between
Eort William and the Manitoba boundary. There is a good
deal of big game very accessible, and the wing shooting is
remarkably fine. Of late years the sharp tail grouse, the common chicken of the North-West, has appeared in that part of
the country in very large numbers. It has been spreading east
from the prairie ever since the railway was built, and now
there is actually better shooting at such places as Wabigoon,
and other stations as far east as Peninsula, than in many parts
of the open country to the westward. There are no brook
trout in any of the waters adjacent to Wabigoon ; in fact,
there are none anywhere in Western Ontario, except it be in
streams that eventually find their way to Lake Superior.
There are, however, large numbers of lake trout in most of
the lakes, and in some of them the young fish, those weighing
from two to three pounds, may be taken during certain
periods of the year on the fly. It is not generally known, but
any fisherman testing it on the spot will find the information
correct.
Travelling westward from Wabigoon, Eagle River and
Vermillion Lake are reached after a short run, and from here
again the Rainy River and Lake-of-the-Woods may be reached
by canoe, the route being by Eagle Lake, Vermillion Lake,
and Huckleberry Lake and connecting streams. Very large
lake trout may be taken in any of them, and maskinonge are
numerous in the rivers linking them together. The next
important lake is the magnificent Lake-of-the-Woods, one of
the most beautiful waters in all Canada. It is so irregular in
shape, and has so many islands and bays, that but a portion of
it can be seen from any one point of view. As will be readily
understood, experienced guides are necessary, if an attempt is to
be made to explore this maze of waters, but they can be easily
secured. Lake-of-the-Woods sprawls like a huge silver spider
amid romantic surroundings of the most pleasing description ;
and from it extend natural watery highways for hundreds of
miles east and west and north. Near its outlet at Winnipeg
River is the progressive town of Rat Portage, now a great
mining centre, from which steamers ply regularly to Fort
Frances on Rainy River, from which other vessels run on
Rainy Lake and the Seine River, where there are big and little
game and capital fishing. Supplies can be procured at Rat
Portage, Fort Frances and Mine Centre, the latter being a new
town which has sprung into existence as a result of the rapid
development of the gold areas in the vicinity. A point worth
noting by those fond of duck shooting is the English River, a
tributary of the Winnipeg River, and distant about sixty
miles north of Rat Portage. Very few men have shot here,
but three guns killed as many duck in thirteen days' shooting
on the English River as they ought to, and the owners of the
guns travelled all the way from Toronto to do it. One of these
sportsmen has shot at many of the best points in Manitoba
and the Northwest, and made heavy bags, but he declares
that the English River grounds are the best he ever tried.
To attempt to describe such a route in a book of this nature
is impossible.   A glance at a map of Canada will reveal the
39 FISHING AND SHOOTING
extentof the great chain of waters referred to, and the sportsman can select from a hundred, or so, long or short canoe trips/
the one that best suits his convenience. Upon these countless
streams and lakes you can spend a delightful holiday, covering
a few days, weeks, or an entire season if you will, tracing out)
the oldtime routes of the voyageurs famous in the history of
the fur trade; for millions of dollars'-worth of furs and peltriejs
have been brought down these glancing highways, and
hundreds of feet have trodden the portages you will find by
the way. You can paddle to Fort Alexander, following the
course of the Winnipeg River to Lake Winnipeg, and thence
south to the mouth of the Red River, and so to Selkirk, where
rail is taken to Winnipeg; or, if you want more scope and
prefer the far north, you may traverse Lake Winnipeg to
Mossy Point, and follow the Nelson River to Hudson Bay and
Port9Nelson and York Factory ; or you leave Lake Winnipeg
by the boat route proper to York Factory, and follow the
paths of the fur traders. From York Factory you can coast
along Hudson Bay to Fort Churchill, and return to Lake
Winnipeg via the Churchill River and another chain of lakes.
40 SAULT STE.  MARIE,  MICHIGAN,  AND WISCONSIN
SAULT STE. MARIE, MICHIGAN, AND WISCONSIN.
By the "Soo Line" of the Canadian Pacific Railway, and
the establishment of a direct route through the territory
north of Lake Huron to the sister cities of St. Paul and
Minneapolis in Minnesota, much new territory is rendered
easily accessible. The disciple of Isaac Walton or Nimrod
may with advantage devote considerable time to that tract of
country lying between Sudbury and Sault Ste. Marie, there
being virgin trout lakes, and lakes and rivers swarming with
small-mouthed black bass. The Soo Branch forms part of that
very important section of the Canadian Pacific Railway which
connects Boston with St. Paul and Minneapolis via Montreal.
Leaving Sudbury you find a continuation of the same
varied and picturesque blendings of many colored rocks and
rough forests, marked here and there with silvery streams and
lakes, you have enjoyed along the " Transcontinental " line.
The loveliness of the surroundings gradually improving until
opposite Desbarats station, you catch a glimpse of Lake Huron
and a portion of a cluster of 109 beautiful islets, which themselves form a part of the countless islands of the north shore
of Lake Huron. These islands are destined to become more
popular than the Thousand Islands of the St. Lawrence, because
of their cooler climate and greater variety and boldness of
scenery. A pretty island can be bought from the Ontario Government for $5.00 and upwards, or about $5.00 per acre, and a
picturesque cottage built upon it for $250 and upwards. A
Camping Club and Land Co. is being formed here on lines
which should be acceptable to tourists and sportsmen. The
Canadian Pacific Railway and four lines of steamers bring
tourists' supplies, etc., to these islands, which are now easily
accessible. TheyT are only one hour by rail from " Soosans,"
as the two towns of Sault Ste. Marie are locally called. Sault
Ste. Marie is a good outfitting place for camping parties. Desbarats has a clean and comfortable country hotel. North of
Desbarats station three miles through the woods is Diamond
Lake, an almost virgin trout lake, and about it are many lakes,
which from the nature of the country will remain well stocked
with fish. The shooting is also good. The lakes, secluded and
yet accessible, would be admirable places for an annual camp.
The surrounding lands could be bought cheaply from the 0m-
tario Government, and the fishing protected.
The Sault Ste. Marie, the great gateway between Lakes
Superior and Huron, has for years been a favorite resort wTith
a large number of pleasure seekers. There is splendid accommodation for visitors, the hotels being conducted and equipped
in first-class style, and the many beautiful and interesting
features of the spot are a guarantee against one wearying of
it. Nor is there any lack of sport. Several fine trout waters
are close at hand : and the St. Mary's River, especially on the
Canadian side among the islands, affords as good fishing as
man can desire. Game, large and small, is fairly plentiful in
the woods.
An exciting amusement is running the wild rapids in a
canoe manned by Indians, it being an experience that the
visitor will neither regret nor forget. At the foot of these
fierce rapids is where the Indians spear the whitefish, and it is
rare sport indeed for a novice to try his hand at this method of
41 FISHING AND SHOOTING
poor Lo's. He may not make a success of it, but he will
have much fun, and enjoy what we all want — novelty.
The immense government works, the waterpower system
and canals, and Fort Brady, an American military post
constructed in 1823, and the immense pulp mills (on the
Canadian side) are among the special attractions which
never fail to interest all comers. And now a word to
those who think the voice of the sirens of old is yet heard
amid the murmur of waters, and that never a bird, nor the
sweetest singer that ever faced the footlights, had a voice to
thrill like the whirl of the reel. In the several channels and
amid the shadowed waters, where the rocks overhang the
depths surrounding Grand Manitoulin and sister islands, and
in the north channel between those isles and the mainland,
lurks many a huge black bass, fit for a master hand to play
to his doom, and worth a king's ransom to land safely
after the glorious tournament is fairly won. They are there,
any number of them, grand, firm, game fellows, fierce and
strong, in those ice-cold depths; and peradventure if you
try their mettle, you will never regret the experiment. Of
the shooting to be had in the forests of Michigan and
that portion of the State of Wisconsin traversed by this
route, little need be said. An experienced sportsman,
speaking of the Michigan woods, says, " deer roamed, not
singly, but in herds, and a bag of ten to fifteen ruffed
grouse was not considered anything extraordinary for a good
covert shot." He had had but one season's trial of the broken
prairie lands, rolling hills, and bushy ravines of Wisconsin,
but deer were numerous,bear ditto; and stopping swift grouse
and quail in the coverts, and the long-winged "chickens" in
the open, proved to be "for people who liked that sort of
thing, just about the sort of thing they liked."
42 THE CANADIAN NORTHWEST
THE  CANADIAN  NORTHWEST.
Amongst the finest shooting grounds to be found in
America at the present day are those inclosed within the
boundaries of the Canadian Northwest. Few territories offer
such a variety of game or equal the abundance of it, nor
possess such splendid facilities for reaching the haunts of the
different species.
It is impossible to cover all the good shooting points in the
vast expanse of prairies and brush-lands lying between the
eastern boundary of the Province of Manitoba and the summit
of the Rocky Mountains, which marks the eastern confines of
the Province of British Columbia. Roughly speaking, the
prairie country is about 1000 miles wide, while other vast
tracts extend far to the northward of the Canadian Pacific
Railway, offering great inducements for special explorations
by those who can devote sufficient time to the work. But the
present intention is to treat merely of such points as can be
reached readily from the railway, and direct the sportsman to
places where he can enjoy his sport in comfort.
The prairies and woodlands of Manitoba and Assiniboia
are rich and extensive shooting grounds. Those who prefer
feathers to fur can find shoot
ing of a varied character, can
count on well-filled bags, and
what is perhaps, after all, its
best feature, from the nature
of the country they can work
their   well-trained setters or
pointers to the greatest advantages and see the animals at their best—
always a more enjoyable matter to the
true sportsman than the mere killing of
game.
But the reader unacquainted with the country or the
habits of Canadian game may ask: Wherein lies the special
superiority of the Canadian Northwest, and why is it better
than any other region ?
43 FISHING   AND   SHOOTING
The answer is easily found. In the first place, those rolling, grassy seas of rich prairie land, intersected with an endless succession of lakes and sloughs and swales, are now, as
they have oeen for ages in the past, the spring and autumn
haunts of the migratory water-fowl that every spring leave
the drowned lands, lagoons, and rice-fields of the south, and
wing their long way over states and provinces, league after
league, until they have gained the lonely haunts in the north,
where they breed. These Jakes, streams, and marshes are
favorite feeding places of wild fowl, and they break the vast
expanses of grass everywhere. There is a practically inexhaustible supply of food, and consequently the birds return
year after year to the same points.
The prairies of the Western States, being very similar in
many features, once swarmed with game, and portions of
them are yet good; but the ravages of the horde of market
hunters were so terrible, that some of the best grounds over
the border have been irretrievably ruined. This is not the
case in the Canadian territory, nor is it likely ever to be. It
is yet a new country ; and, though settle rs are rapidly taking
up the famous fat land, portions of it will always harbor wild
fowl. Keen sportsmen were among the first to seek the new
land when it was opened for settlement, well knowing what
fields were there for the gun. They also knew of the fatal
attacks upon the game in the States. Their turn came after;
and, profiting by the result of the deadly work on the sister
prairies, they determined to save their game from a like fate
by properly protecting it. The value of their efforts is proved
by the swarms of fowl now in the ancient haunts.
And there is big game also in plenty. The buffalo is practically extinct, 'tis true ; but the giant moose, king of the deer
tribe, yet haunts many parts of the country where suitable
browse can be found. The elk, caribou, jumping or mule
deer, whitetail deer, pronghorn antelope, black and brown
bear, gray wolf, lynx, coyote, fox, wolverine, beaver, and
several other animals valued for their furs, are yet found in
great numbers. But the great variety is among the feathered
game. Several species of grouse may be killed, including the
prairie chicken, pinnated grouse, ruffed grouse, Canada
grouse, ptarmigan, and willow grouse, in the northern part
of Western Canada, and the blue grouse (cock of the mountains), and Franklin's grouse in British Columbia.
Among the waterfowl are the trumpeter and whistling
swans, the Canada goose, Ross' goose, lesser snow goose, and
Hutchins' goose ; the Canada goose and the snow goose being
the most numerous. The mallard, black duck, canvas-back,
redhead, pintail, gadwall, wood-duck, widgeon, green-winged,
blue-winged, and cinnamon teal, spoon-bill, shoveller, golden
eye, buffle-head, blue-bill, snipe, golden-plover, and fiiteen
varieties of the same family, great flocks of curlew, and many
waders of lesser importance are found. About every marshy
pool the bittern and heron will be seen, and in addition to
these, hundreds of cormorants, pelican, sand-hill cranes, coot,
rail, etc.
And now to point out a few of the many places where the
game can be easily got at. In the western portion of Northwestern Ontario, from Ignace to the Manitoba boundary, there
are numerous lakes in which excellent trout and maskinonge
44 THE CANADIAN NORTHWEST
may be obtained, while in the small lakes tributary to the
Lake of the Woods, and which are reached by canoes from
Rat Portage, black bass are fairly plentiful. In the extreme
east of Manitoba, in the immediate vicinity of and between
Rennie and Molson stations, is an excellent country for moose,
perhaps one of the surest points easily reached from Winnipeg ; and here there should be no difficulty in securing
specimens of this, the greatest of Canadian deer. Bear (black)
are also very numerous ; there are plenty of ruffed and spruce
grouse, and a few caribou. Sportsmen can travel comfortably
by rail to these grounds from Winnipeg in a few hours. From
Winnipeg those looking for wing shooting may reach the
haunts of prairie chicken and grouse (pinnated) by driving a
few miles out upon the prairie, and in the brush in the valleys
of the Red and Assiniboine rivers ruffed grouse and Wilson
and jack-snipe are abundant, and sometimes rabbits will be
found; but ruffed grouse shooting is somewhat difficult,
owing to the thickness of the cover. Such a trip means
starting early in the morning and returning to Winnipeg in
the evening. Occasionally the fun is varied by knocking over
a few duck and snipe at the sloughs.
Winnipeg is the metropolis of the Northwest, and it is a
very good centre to work from. It is on the edge of the
prairie. The forest country, which has spread uninterruptedly
from the Atlantic, becomes thinner and more scattered until
it finally ceases at the eastern bank of the Red River. The
western bank is the beginning of the true prairie, which
stretches for almost a thousand miles to the base of the Rocky
Mountains. This gives the sportsman who makes Winnipeg
his headquarters the choice of. many varieties of game. Eastward, as well as to the north, he will find big game such as
moose, caribou, deer, whitetail and elk, while to the westward
there extend illimitable prairies on which are to be found
flocks of sharptail and pinnated grouse. In any direction from
Winnipeg unlimited quantities of wildfowl will be found.
Wherever the ground is in the least damp, you will find
mallard, teal and other choice varieties of waterfowl. In
April, the prairies, even in the immediate vicinity of the city,
are literally covered by the numerous flocks of geese which
rest there for a few days on their way to the far north. The
Hutchins, or Canada Goose, usually appear first, to be followed
a few days later by the small white geese known as wavies.
When these latter have alighted in the neighbourhood large
tracts have the appearance of being covered with snow, so
numerous are the birds. They stay but a short time, however,
and in the autumn do not reappear in this vicinity in anything
like the same numbers.
Reaburn station, on the Canadian Pacific, thirty-five miles
west from Winnipeg, is a place well worth a trial. There are
plenty of duck on the lake close by, and in ordinary seasons
heavy bags are made. No doubt it will be good for many
years to come, though, owing to the fact that it is so easily
reached, it has to stand quite a cannonading occasionally. A
few "chickens " frequent the higher parts of the prairie near
this lake, and plover always help to fill a bag. Some settlers'
houses are close by, and a number of useful skiffs are kept for
hire.
45 FISHING AND  SHOOTING
Should the sportsman desire a couple of days or more
under canvas, he cannot do better than drive from Winnipeg
forty miles northwest to Shoal Lake. On the way across,
prairie "chickens" will demand attention, and in the unsettled
country on the north of the lake are a few moose and elk, and
many mule deer. The lake is a great resort for waterfowl of all kinds common to the province, and for mixed
shooting it is A 1.
Another good point is Whitewater Lake, in Southern
Manitoba, reached from Winnipeg by a short trip over the
Pembina branch of the Canadian Pacific. Here "chickens,"
snipe, and plover are found in fair numbers, and there are
thousands of geese, duck, crane, and other waterfowl. The
east end of the lake is reached from Boissevain, but at Whitewater station, on the south shore of the lake, canoes and
skiffs may be hired, and the facilities there provided enable the
sportsman to obtain capital flight shooting when geese are
going out to feed, and also to get to the favorite haunts
of the canvas-back. Some great bags have been taken on
the Whitewater.    Killarney Lake, as well as Pelican Lake,
a little northeast
thereof, are excellent spots, while on
Rock Lake, near
Clearwater, and
Swan Lake, adjacent to Pilot Mound,
good bags are the
rule and not the
exception. North
of Rock Lake are
the Tiger Hills in
the Pembina Mountains, haunted by
elk, mule deer, and
black bear; it also
being a good locality for grouse, as
well as for geese
and ducks. Jack-
and mullet are plentiful
in all the lakes, the former
ranging from half-a-pound to 22 pounds. Camp outfit must
be taken, but the sport will well repay all trouble, as ample
occupation can be found for both rifle and shotgun, chicken
and ruffed grouse being especially plentiful throughout the
whole southwest of the province.
Lake Winnipeg offers still stronger inducements. You go
from Winnipeg via Canadian Pacific Railway to Selkirk, and
then drive or paddle down Red River to the lake. The great
marshes about the mouth of Red River extend for miles, and
form one of the most extensive duck grounds in the Northwest,
and they actually swarm with all kinds of waterfowl in the
season. Here the sportsman can shoot till his gun gets too hot
to hold, and providing he hold straight, kill enormous bags of
choice duck. In the vicinity of Fort Alexander, at the mouth
of the Winnipeg River are moose, caribou and bear, and the
46 Winnipeg and English Rivers offer fascinating routes and
grand scenery, should a farther trip by canoe be decided on.
Upon the western shore of Lake Winnipeg, moose, caribou
and bear will also be found, and about Big Island and Grassy
Narrows uncountable flocks of geese resort.
Lake Manitoba is also a
famous place for waterfowl—
which means that the birds
are there in myriads. This
latter lake is reached from
Portage la Prairie, or by
buggy from Winnipeg, stopping one night on the way at
Shoal Lake, already mentioned ; and in addition to the
geese, duck, and other waterfowl, the game list includes
" chicken," and moose, elk
and blacktailed deer in the
Riding Mountains. The town
of Minnedosa is another prom-
ising centre for "chicken,"
grouse and rabbit shooting,
and from here the Riding
Mountains may again be
reached. There are also good
spots near Strathclair and
Solsgirth. The route to these places is via the Northwestern
branch of the Canadian Pacific Railway from Portage la Prairie.
The Dauphin country is a veritable sportsman's paradise.
Prairie chicken are always plentiful on the Dauphin plains,
and big game, such as elk, moose, bear, and deer abound in
the forests of the Riding and'Duck mountains, where the
Dominion Government has wisely set apart a very large area,
comprising several hundred thousand acres, as a permanent
Timber Reserve, and which will become the " Adirondacks "
of Manitoba. The waters and shores of Lake Dauphin and
Winnipegosis afford a splendid summer resort or home and
feeding ground for all kinds of waterfowl. Not only can
duck be seen there in thousands, and also large flocks of
geese, but the trumpet-like call of that king of waterfowl, the
white swan, may always be heard on these lakes, during the
shooting season. The east side of Lake Winnipegosis is also
a natural home for game of all kinds, where the moose, deer,
bear, and caribou roam the sylvan solitudes undisturbed
by the hunter. The Dauphin district is reached via railway
from Portage la Prairie to Lake Winnipegosis, and a branch
runs to the northwest from Sifton into the Swan River Valley where there is also good sport.
From McGregor to Brandon, along the main line of the
C. P. R., the country is full of chicken, duck and grouse. A
drive across country from the former station to Holland, on
the Southwestern branch line of the Canadian Pacific Railway,
takes the sportsman through a perfect paradise, as in
addition to the winged game there are rabbits, prairie wolves
jumping deer and bear.
47 FISHING AND  SHOOTING
* THE CANADIAN NORTHWEST
Oak Lake is another place where geese, duck and plover
may be secured in numbers. The lake is within an easy drive
of the station, and a party taking their tent, etc., can make
their camp, and have time to place themselves for the evening
flight shooting. At the east side of the lake there is good
camping ground right in the line of flight, and on the north
side the geese leave the lake in large numbers to feed in the
neighboring wheat-fields.
Between Oak Lake and Qu'Appelle chickens ar£ plentiful,
and ducks are also to be had in the neighborhood of Broadview.
North of Qu'Appelle big game is also to be found.
At Yellow Grass, on the " Soo " branch line from Pasqua,
ground which has seldom been shot over, ducks, geese and
plover are in myriads.
In the Dirt Hills, about 20 miles south of Regina, deer and
antelope, besides wild fowl, are fairly plentiful, and in the
district about Regina there are innumerable opportunities for
bags of duck and chicken, and nearly all the species of plover.
The "Mecca" of goose shooting is to be had on the south
side of Buffalo Lake, about twenty miles north of Moose Jaw ;
wild geese in countless thousands come down from their feeding grounds in the Arctic circle in the months of September
and October, and remain there until they take their departure
for the south when ice begins to form on the lake. The
country to the south of the lake is well settled, and the wheat-
stubble field affords excellent feeding grounds. Proper hides
dug in the stubble fields in the line of the flight of the geese
and decoys set out will afford the finest goose shooting the
keenest sportsman can imagine.
On the branch railwTay from Regina to Prince Albert,
sportsmen should get good bags at Lumsden, and chickens and
ducks at Duck Lake and Prince Albert, while in the illimitable
pine forest beyond that town, which is reached by line from
Regina, game of nearly every description abounds, Montreal
and Red Deer lakes being especially good spots. Complete
outfits can be procured at Prince Albert.
Rush Lake, a few miles from the station on the main line
of the Canadian Pacific Railway, is one of the finest points for
geese, duck and other waterfowl, wrhere large bags can surely
be made.
Farther west, again, is the antelope country: Swift
Current, Maple Creek and Medicine Hat being among the best
outfitting points for a trip after these, the most beautiful
animals of the plains. At Calgary, in sight of the " Rockies,"
superb sport may be enjoyed with the grouse among the
brushy foothills of the giant range. Good shooting will be
found within easy driving distance of the town, and glorious
mountain-trout fishing on the Bow River and its tributaries,
to say nothing of the delights of visiting the ranches and being
entertained by those princes of good fellows, the ranchmen.
The Red Deer River region, to the north of Calgary, is
easily reached from that city, which is one of the best centres
for big game in the Northwest. The sportsman can get anything he wants in Calgary, and obtain his transport and riding
animals at almost any of the ranches near by. There are
numbers of men in the district who would be fitted to guide,
having hunted all over the region.
49 FISHING AND  SHOOTING
WAPITI THE CANADIAN NORTHWEST
Edmonton, which is the extreme limit of the railroad, is
the gateway to the wild, half-known country to the north—
a huge territory most abundantly stocked with game.
In the Smoky River District, which is several hundred
miles north of Edmonton, there are yet a few wood buffalof
the best authorities say about seventy-five head in all. These
the Mounted Police are striving strenuously to protect, but
their extinction is much to be feared. Moose exist in large
numbers in the forest-covered country between the North
Saskatchewan and Lake Athabasca, and are to be found in the
extension of the same belt to the north-west of it, even into
Alaska. To the northward of the Great Slave Lake, that
vast solitude known as the Barren Lands extends to the very
shores of the frozen sea. It is the home of the musk ox, the
barren ground caribou, the wolf, the glutton, and the arctic
fox. Along the shores that bound it, the polar bear may
frequently be shot. It is a region full of interest to the
naturalist and to the explorer.
In Southern Alberta, reached by the Macleod branch from
Calgary, or by the Crow's Nest Pass Ry. from near Medicine Hat,
especially in that portion of it lying between Macleod and the
mountains, there is the same wonderful variety of game to
be found as in other parts of the Northwest Territories,
with the addition of blue grouse (cock of the mountains), as
the foothills are approached. There is good chicken, goose,
and duck-shooting between
Macleod and the international boundary. Swans are
also bagged occasionally.
Trout are plentiful in the
three branches of the Old
Man River and in its numerous tributaries west of Macleod, and the most enticing bait for a big one is a
mouse. There is also good
trout fishing in the St. Mary's
and Waterton (also called the
Kootenay) and in all their
branches, and capital sport
with either gun or line can be
obtained in the chain of Kootenay Lakes on the eastern
slope of the Rocky Mountains.
Salmon trout weighing from
fifteen to forty pounds are
among the catches in Eastern
Kootenay. In the mountains
back of these lakes, grizzly, cinnamon, silver tip and black
bear, mountain sheep and goat are fairly plentiful. Guides
are necessary, and the tourist will find good men in any of the
settlements and stations along the line of the Crow's Nest
Pass Railway. This new line has brought a great, undisturbed
game country within easy reach of the sportsman.
So much for the sport of the prairies. We have now
skimmed over the great grassy sea, touching briefly on
the more prominent of the many attractive localities,  the
51 FISHING AND  SHOOTING
intention being merely to give the stranger a few hints of
the wonderful resources of the country from a sporting point
of view.
Lying in the little tent beside the chosen water, on the first
night of his jaunt, the sportsman whiffs the last pipe, and his
gaze tries in vain to pierce the gathering mists and shadows
creeping over the "level waste and rounding gray" of apparently illimitable prairie. Before him stand the tall battalions
of rushes marking the boggy shores of the lake, dark and
mysterious, like a shadowy wall. The air is filled with the
rush of swift wings, as the restless fowl scurry hither and
thither ere settling down. A strange but, to him, wondrous
sweet melody of cries comes with the lazy breeze. The honk
of goose, the quack of mallard and the chatter and gabble of
unseen hosts, are the last sounds his ears detect as he drifts
into the shadowland, with a golden promise of glorious sport
with the dawn. The promise will be well fulfilled, for those
same weird cries and the hum of wings will begin ere the early
breaking of the northern day ; and when night again falls
there will be no apparent diminution of the winged army, but
he will have a well-filled bag, such as can only be made in this,
the sportsman's El Dorado.
It should not be forgotten that many of the lakes and
streams of the prairies are stocked with fine fish, including
maskinonge, pike, and pickerel, and they furnish a pleasant
change of occupation during weather too warm for game to
keep, or when it is desirable to give gun and rifle a rest.
Camping outfits,  conveyances,   helpers   and   everything
necessary for a hunting excursion upon
the plains may be
readily secured at
Winnipeg, and the
, sportsman need not
i burden himself with
< anything beyond his
personal effects. He
can enjoy an unsurpassed train service
so long as he follows
the railway, and
should he diverge
from the line, there
are no hardships to
be undergone beyond wmat are sufficient to give a spice of
adventure to the experience of a holiday in the wrilds.
THE   ROCKY   HOUNTAINS   AND   BRITISH
COLUMBIA.
Next to be considered are the " Rockies " along the main
line of the Canadian Pacific, the first of the five ranges lying
between the great prairie belt and the Pacific Ocean. Over
500 miles of the grandest scenery must be passed ere the western sea is reached, and nearly all of this chaos of mountains
is as wild as it was when first the eyes of the white man
were startled by its overpowering grandeur. Among these
marvels of old-time   rock-building  are the favorite   haunts THE ROCKY  MOUNTAINS AND BRITISH COLUMBIA
of every "man-fearing or man-skeering" brute known in the
whole country—elk, moose, deer, caribou, Rocky Mountain
sheep and goat, panther, grizzly and black bear, lynx, wolf,
etc., etc., while waterfowl abound upon many of the mountain
lakes, and several varieties of grouse are in the forests. But
you would never come away over here for feathered game,
when it may be so easily got upon the plains. You wrant big
game—elk, bears, panthers, bighorn, goats, etc.? Very good,
you can have them, one and all, and caribou and deer to boot,
providing you yourself are game to follow your guide.
Now, there are places without number among these mountain ranges where a man can find most of the varieties of the
game mentioned; but mention need only be made of a few,
from which a sportsman may safely plan his operations.
The first important halting place is at Banff, in the Canadian National Park, Rocky Mountains, where the railway
company has erected a palatial hotel. Should a brief sojourn
here be decided upon, the sportsman may enjoy good duck-
shooting on the Vermillion Lakes, a short distance from the
hotel, and fine mountain trout fishing in the Bow and Cascade
rivers; also deep trolling for lake trout on Devil's Lake, all
but the latter being within easy walking distance. Guides and
complete outfits may be secured for extended trips into the
mountains after bear, sheep and goat, to the north, south, or
west.
Farther westward, at Field, is one of the Company's inviting little chalet hotels, and there and at Emerald Lake, seven
miles from the station, good fly fishing is to be had; moreover,
some of the best wild goat and bighorn shooting of the Rockies
may be enjoyed amid the marvellous scenery of the Upper
Wapta. It is only within the last year that a trail has been
cut from Field to this most romantic mountain valley ; it has
opened a new and most beautiful region to the hunter and the
explorer. Still farther west is the town of Golden, and from
here a steamer makes regular trips up the Columbia River
to the lakes at its head, distant about 100 miles, affording
access to a game district in which are many sheep, goat,
caribou and bear. Outfits may be procured at Golden, and
guides and supplies at Windermere. The lagoons on each
side of the steamboat channel swarm with duck, geese and
swan—in fact, they are the favorite breeding grounds of
water-fowl, and the headwaters of the river afford excellent
fishing. The line climbs from the Columbia to Rogers' Pass,
by following the valley of the Beaver. Men who desire to
hunt big game could not do better than try the flanks of the
lofty peaks, seen on either hand as the line is ascended. It is
not true, as many believe, that game is scarce within many
miles of the main line—any old hunter will tell you otherwise,
and you may easily convince yourself of the t^uth of these
claims by a little personal investigation. Westward, again, the
next important stopping-place is at the foot of the Great Glacier
of the Selkirks, where the railway company have another of
their comfortable • mountain chalets, which, with its annex,
can accommodate a large number of guests. Immediately
behind the hotel is the Fish Creek Valley, reached by the
Asulkan Pass and Glacier, Asulkan meaning in the Siw7ash
tongue " the home of the white goat."   Securing a guide here,
53 FISHING AND  SHOOTING
MAP OF THE KOOTENAY DISTRICT,   BRITISH COLUMBIA.
54 THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS AND BRITISH COLUMBIA
you can climb the mountains with a certainty of a chance at
goat or bear. In the early spring and autumn there is fairly
good fly fishing in the streams near the Glacier Hotel.
The Selkirk Range differs much in character from the
Rocky Mountains. Whereas the latter have a dry climate
and are lightly timbered as a rule, the rainfall in the Selkirks
is heavy, and the forest growth typical of British Columbia—
which is one of the most heavily forested countries in the
world. The bighorn is quite unknown in the Selkirks, though
tolerably abundant in the Rockies, the white goat, the caribou,
and bear of several varieties, and at least two species, are
abundant. The Selkirks have been very little hunted, and
consequently the man who selects them as his own preserve
will not find that his sport has been spoiled by previous
hunters ; only he must understand that he is about to tackle
one of the wildest and most rugged regions on the continent.
Any game he may bag will have been rightly deserved.
Caribou and goat are often seen within a few miles of the
C.P.R. hotel at Glacier.
A new water, and one that has already become famous, is
the Lower Kootenay River, which teems with mountain trout
of fair size. Those who have tried it agree that it is. one of
the best streams available, while the scenery is simply superb.
The country contiguous to it is well stocked with big game,
having only lately been rendered accessible. The headwaters
of the Kootenay Lakes and River rise a little west of Banff,
and flowing south into Montana and Idaho return to British
Columbia and empty into Kootenay Lake, again discharging
its wTaters into the Columbia River near Robson. The river
is, in great part, below Nelson, a succession of cascades,
beautiful from a scenic point of view and abounding in rainbow trout, from one pound upwards, that are greedy for
the fly. It is an ideal stream, rushing through gorges, and
over rapids, broadening into pools and forming numerous
stretches over which, practically, any length of line can
be cast without the least obstruction from bushes or overhanging trees. And it possesses the inestimable advantage of
being entirely free frorii mosquitoes and black flies. The Lower
Kootenay is reached by two routes : Either by the Crow's Nest
Pass Railway which branches off from the main line of the
Canadian Pacific near Medicine Hat in Alberta, or from
Revelstoke station, on the main line, and thence by branch to
Arrowhead station, on Upper Arrow Lake, and thence by the
fine new steamers, Rossland and Kootenay, of the Canadian
Pacific Railway Company, through the Arrow Lakes to Robson,
and thence by rail, or by rail
from Nakusp on Upper Arrow
Lake to Rosebery, on Slocan
Lake, and down the lake by
C.P.R. steamer to Slocan City,
thence by rail to the Lower
Kootenay. A month's outing
in this region would be the
beau ideal of a sportsman's
holiday. The best fishing is
just below  the Lower Falls,
13 miles from Nelson. Tourists ' "'/' \ 1/,'\}V>' v
can go out from Nelson in the morning and return at night.
55 FISHING AND SHOOTING
At Nelson (where fishing is also good) camp outfit, consisting
of blankets, tents, cooking outfit, such as pots, pans, plates,
cups, knives and forks, etc., can be hired for a small charge.
Supplies and all sorts of provisions of the best quality may be
purchased at reasonable prices. Good cooks can also be
engaged at Nelson to accompany fishing parties. The necessary camp outfits will be carried free between Nelson and the
different fishing camps, and the trains each way between
Robson and Nelson will stop (when flagged) to take and
put off the fishing parties. In short, everything has been
arranged with a view of affording every comfort and
facility to those who may wish to spend a few days in
the Kootenay district enjoying fishing which is not surpassed anywhere on the continent. As very few fish are
caught under a pound weight, and many run as high as
three and four pounds, anglers should provide themselves
with a gaff or landing net, and be particular to see that their
flies and tackle are new and strong.
Too much can hardly be said in favor of the fishing in the
Lower Kootenay River, near Nelson. The fishing season is a
long one, and the rainbow trout which are found in this
magnificent river are not surpassed in game qualities by any
fish that swims. This last sentence has been penned deliberately, and without the writer having forgotten the
Atlantic salmon, the land-locked salmon and the European
sea trout. These three fish are recognized as possessing
magnificent sporting qualities. They are certainly worthy of
the best fisherman's skill, but weight for weight and inch for
inch, even the salmon does not surpass the magnificent
rainbow trout that inhabit the cold, green waters of the
Lower Kootenay River. Moreover, they must by fished for
with delicate tackle and small flies, such as are used upon
European trout streams, hence the sport is more than usually
difficult.
No guides are required on the Slocan River, which empties
its waters into the Lower Kootenay. There is good fly-fishing
in this stream.
In the Slocan district of the Kootenay, which has just
been opened up by the building of the railway from Nakusp
to Sandon, there is good brook trout fishing in the streams
which empty into Slocan Lake, while the lake itself offers
excellent deepwater fishing.
While no district may be recommended as a safe find
for bear, it is probable that the man who feels that he must
try conclusions with a grizzly, is less likely to be disappointed
in the Slocan than in any other region in North America.
In the spring and autumn a number are usually seen by prospectors, and many are killed. One man shot three on the
same day.
Good hotel accommodation will be found at Revelstoke,
Arrowhead, Nakusp, NewT Denver, Slocan City, Slocan
Junction, Nelson and Robson; and any further information
will be cheerfully furnished on application to the Company's
agents at those places.
From south of Revelstoke to Robson, on each side of
the river and lakes, goat and silvertips can be got within
a day's tramp from point of landing. Deer are plentiful
between Nakusp and the international boundary.
56 THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS AND B^T-TSH COLUMBIA
The country opened up by the Columbia & Western,
which is a branch built by the C.P.Ry. to connect the Columbia
River with the mineral district known as the Boundary, offers
an unusually fine and almost virgin field for sport. After
leaving the Columbia the line climbs to a dizzy height and
crosses a high range into the valley of Christina Lake.
This valley is most abundantly stocked with mule deer, the
lake swarms with mallard in the fall of the year, and its
waters, as well as those of the Kettle River into which it
discbarges, teem with rainbow trout. The present terminus
of the line is at Midway. Deer may be seen through
he car windows. They feed among the settlers' cattle and
are very fond of raiding the ranchers' vegetable gardens.
There are a few prairie chicken in the Grand Prairie at the
forks of the Kettle River, and there are ruffed grouse and the
big blue grouse in the thickets and on the hillsides. Goat
and bear are fairly abundant, and to the westward of
Greenwood there are ranges upon which bighorn may be
shot.
The Lardeau district, reached from Arrowhead by steam
launch, also offers a good field for the sportsman.
Ashcroft and Savona's Ferry on the Thompson River are
capital waters, where not only large catches are made, but
where the bulk of the catch are big fish, the silver trout running from one to four pounds each, and being hard fighters.
In the Okanagan Valley
(reached by rail from Sicamous, on the main line, to
Okanagan Landing, and
thence by steamer) there is
an abundance and variety of
large and small game. Deer
exist in vast numbers, and
at various points mountain goat, bighorn, black
and cinnamon bear, and
caribou are plentiful, and
there is an occasional grizzly.
There are numerous
ranches in this long beautiful valley, and several landing places from which these unsurpassed hunting grounds may
be easily reached. There is also good trout fishing in the
waters of Okanagan Lake. Efficient guides and hunters, together withhorses and complete camping outfit, can be obtained
at Vernon, Kelowna or Penticton, at the foot of Okanagan
Lake. This was the scene of the famed hunting trip in
British Columbia of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria, on his
tour around the world.
Further south, between Penticton and Fairview, bands
of deer are frequently seen.
There is good fishing, also, at several points nearer the
coast. Tourists stopping at Vancouver can get a good day's
fly fishing at Coquitlam River, seventeen miles by train to
Westminster Junction, where there is a good hotel.
Capilano Creek or Seymour Creek, about an hour's row
acrosslthej bay from Vancouver,  offersja good day's sport,
57 FISHING AND SHOOTING
while at the mouth of either stream during low tide trout
weighing from two to seven pounds afford excellent sport.
In the months of August, September and October, a good day's
sport may be had trolling for cohoe salmon in the bay.
Pacific Coast salmon will not rise to a fly, but as many as
fifteen or twenty fish, varying from five to twenty pounds,
are sometimes killed in an afternoon by trolling in salt water.
Harrison Hot Springs, reached from Agassiz station on
the Canadian Pacific Railway, is a pleasant summer resort
about forty miles from Vancouver, from which the angler can
reach excellent waters. An hour's row across Harrison Lake
will take him to streams where more trout can be killed in a
day with fly than he would like to carry far.
Excellent trout fishing is to be had at Lake Beautiful on
Burrard Inlet, twenty-three miles from Vancouver, which is
reached by steam launch, procurable at any time.
At many points on the coast one can obtain sport with
deer, bear, grouse, and waterfowl. And again another field is
open on Vancouver Island, that land beloved of Englishmen.
There is excellent fishing in Cowichan, Duncan's and Shawnigan Lakes and in numerous other streams. Within short
distances of the beautiful city of Victoria, grouse and the blue
quail, generally styled California quail, are plentiful, and are
favorite game with the residents and visitors. A short journey
into the interior of the island will bring you to the ranges of
deer and bear, both being readily killed, and the elk is to be
found in some places, the island being the only part of British
Columbia in which it roams. Added to these are many species
of duck, and last but not least the Mongolian pheasant, introduced several years ago, and now perfectly acclimatized and
thriving wonderfully in its new home. The cry of "mark cock,"
or " ware hen," may sound strange to many ; but the newly
arrived Briton knows right well what it means, and what rare
sport the long tails furnish; and it is ten to one that he knows
how to stop them, too. These birds are also found in numbers
on Lulu Island and Sea Island, at the mouth of the Fraser,
within five miles of New Westminster, and fourteen of
Vancouver (by excellent roads), where duck, snipe, and plover,
too, are in great abundance in season. Information about
these places is to be gained at the Canadian Pacific Railway
Company's offices at Vancouver and Victoria.
The coast for some seven hundred miles above Vancouver
is Canadian territory, and is one of the great virgin hunting
grounds of the world. There are very few settlers except
within 150 miles of Vancouver ; beyond that a man may
travel for weeks without seeing a white face. The game inhabiting the seaward flanks of the Coast Range, and the
islands that lie off it, is the white goat, the true blacktail
deer, and the bear. Blacktail are abundant on some of the
islands. During the winter the deer prefer the islands to the
mainland, as they gain a certain amount of protection from
the persecutions of the numerous wolves which inhabit the
forests of the mainland, consequently some of these islands
are so stocked writh game that they then resemble a zoological
garden. In many of the lonely inlets of that almost uninhabited
coast, black bears are very numerous ; moreover, their pelts
reach a greater degree of excellence than in any other part of
58 THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS AND BRITISH COLUMBIA
North America. During September the weather is usually
most delightful, and a hunting trip taken in that month can
hardly fail to be satisfactory; later on autumn rains begin, and
the weather becomes unpropitious for tramping through the
woods or lying exposed in an open canoe. There are one or
two small coasting steamers which sail from Vancouver and
offer a ready means of access to any desired point. Lovers of
fine scenery cannot fail to enjoy a coasting voyage along the
supremely beautiful shore line of British Columbia; any
written description must fall so far short of conveying an
impression of the glories of those matchless fiords, that it were
mere labor lost to attempt one.
And now, in conclusion, a few words about the country
just covered.
The pursuit of what is generally dubbed by the craft " big
game" in the mountain wilds of Canada is no child's play. To
be successful, a man must possess iron nerve and unflinching
determination ; he must be a good shot, and strong enough to
stand rough work ; for the latter is frequently necessary
before the game can be reached, and the former is very liable
to be an extremely useful accomplishment, especially if the
quarry happen to be a grizzly bear.
And such fields for sport! No pen, or brush, or tongue
can convey the proper idea of the sublimity of those marvellous
mountains ; they are something too imposing for
mere words; they must be
seen and studied. One
must live among them
and watch the glories of
sunlight upon their everlasting snows and glaciers;
one must climb their
steeps and breathe the
cold, thin atmosphere of
those dizzy elevations, and
train one's eyes to measure
pinnacles and abysses ere
realizing their stupendous
grandeur. One must hear
the voice of the storm
amid their peaks; the
avalanche tearing the forest from its native slopes; the
avulsion of crag and towering boulder from buttresses above
the clouds, ere the full power of these matchless mountains
is impressed upon the mind. And then the glory of laying
1 w the game which haunts them. Right well did the Indian
hunter know what tested manhood, when first he wrenched the
great scimitar-shaped claws from the broad fore-paw of the
dead grizzly, and strung them around his neck as a token to
prove his manhood. Time has changed many things, the rifle
has supplanted the bow, but nothing has supplanted the
grizzly; he is there yet, the king of the wilds; his claws are yet
the proudest ornament the savage can wear, and his skin the
most valuable trophy of the sportsman. Up above the grizzly's
range are found the white goats, and the famous bighorn
mountain sheep, each eagerly sought by sportsmen; the latter
especially, for their handsome heads.
59 FISHING AND  SHOOTING
Except from bears, the sportsman runs little chance of
getting into difficulty. True, it is claimed by some that the
panther is an ugly customer, writers even going so far as to
say that he is more dangerous than the grizzly, and sometimes proves his superiority in a dispute over a carcase. Such
statements are mere rubbish; for the panther, lithe and
powerful though he be, is a great, long-tailed, bewhiskered
coward ; a bravo of most terrifying appearance, but mighty
careful of his handsome skin ; in fact, he is as the herders
and hunters say—a big sneak cat.
The handsomest game of the Rockies, is, of course, the
elk, or wapiti. Its immense branching antlers, and the clean-
cut, blood-like head, make a wapiti trophy a particularly
attractive ornament for a sportsman's home, and they are in
great demand. The species is now rare in many places where
it formerly abounded, but Wapiti are still plentiful among the
foothills of the Rockies, and they may also be found on Vancouver Island, in the Northwest Territories, and in Manitoba,
north of Selkirk, and sometimes in the Duck and Riding
Mountains.
Next to the elk ranks the caribou, and a royal quarry
he is, the British Columbia caribou being a finer beast than
that found in Eastern Canada, and much like that of Newfoundland. They are very plentiful about Eagle Pass in the
Selkirk Range, near the Shuswap Lakes, and in the Okanagan
district, and there should be no difficulty in securing fine
specimens.
The several species before mentioned are distributed
throughout the mountains in greater or less numbers, being
abundant wherever the conditions are favorable. More
minute details concerning them are impossible in a book of
this nature, and unnecessary, as the game, except at a point
here and there, is as abundant as it was before the first rifle
shot wroke the echoes of those monstrous canons.
The sportsman contemplating a trip by the Canadian
Pacific Railway across the continent to these fields of sport
must bear in mind that heavy weapons are needed for satisfactory work. Lighter ones may do—the Indians kill grizzlies
with the lightest Winchester rifles ; but it is better to take a
repeater of the heaviest make. Plenty of powder and lead
means sure work if the rifle is held straight, and by using such
you will lose less wounded game, and greatly lessen the risk
of a clawing from some infuriated bear. The Indians, it must
be remembered, are greatly your superiors, both in the
approach of and retreat from dangerous game; they steal
noiselessly and patiently upon their victim, and never fire
until they are at close range, and sure of dropping it in its
tracks. You will not be able to accomplish this, and therefore
require a weapon that will do deadly execution at any reasonable distance. Properly equipped, you will drop your bear or
elk cleanly and well; and when your holiday is done, and you
are speeding homeward by the "Royal Road," with your
muscles strong from glorious work, and your skin tanned by
the mountain air, you will think over every moment of your
outing; of the splendor of the sunrise, the magnificence of the
scenery, the glaciers, the torrents, and the thousand and one
marvels of the wonderland you have left.    Your beautiful
60 THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS AND BRITISH  COLUMBIA
trophies are with you, and, as you take your last backward
glance, and your straining eyes catch the last glint of the snow-
clad peaks, you will promise yourself many another outing
among them.
61 FISHING AND SHOOTING
Export of Deer, Caribou and Moose
CANADIAN CUSTOMS REGULATIONS
No. 1063 B
MEMORANDUM
CUSTOMS  DEPARTMENT,
Ottawa, 18th August, 1899.
To Collector of Customs:
The following Regulations respecting the Export of Deer, shot
for sport by persons not domiciled in Canada, have been
made and established, viz.:—
1. Deer when shot for sport under Provincial or Territorial
Authority in Canada, by any person not domiciled in Canada,
may be exported under the following conditions and limitations :—
* 1. The deer may be exported only at the Customs Ports
of Halifax, Yarmouth, McAdam Junction, Quebec, Montreal,
Ottawa, Kingston, Niagara Falls, Fort Erie, Windsor, Sault
Ste. Marie, Port Arthur, and such other Ports as shall from
time to time by the Minister of Customs be designated for the
export of deer.
2. The exportation of deer in the carcase or parts thereof
(except as to cured deer heads and hides of deer) shall be permitted only during or within fifteen days after the "open
season " allowed for shooting deer under the laws of the Province or Territory where the deer to be exported has been shot.
3. No person shall in one year export more than the
whole or parts of two deer, nor shall exportation of such deer
be made by the same person on more than two occasions during one calendar year.
4. Deer in the carcase or any part thereof which has been
killed in contravention of any Provincial or Territorial law
shall not be exported, nor shall any deer in the carcase or
parts thereof be exported without the permit of the Collector
of Customs accompanying the shipment.
5. A person, not domiciled in Canada, who has shot deer
for sport and not for gain or hire, under Provincial or Territorial Authority may make an export entry in duplicate of
deer in the carcase or parts thereof so shot by him and allowed
to be exported—upon subscribing and attesting before a
Collector of Customs a Declaration in the following form to be
annexed to said export entry, viz.:—
(As per Form in Appendix)
6. The exporter shall produce his license or permit for
shooting deer under Provincial or Territorial Authority to the
Collector of Customs before the exportation of the deer, and
the Collector shall endorse thereon a description of the quantity and parts entered for exportation.
The Collector of Customs at any Customs Port of Entry
designated for the Export of Deer, upon receiving the said export entries duly completed, may thereupon under the seal of
the Custom House, issue his permit for the exportation of the
deer, if satisfied as to the identity of the sportsman and that
the exportation is not prohibited.
John McDougald,
Commissioner of Customs.
*Note.— Since the issuance of this memorandum Brockville, Sherbrooke
and Toronto have been added to the list of Customs Ports.
62 CANADIAN  CUSTOMS  REGULATIONS
APPENDIX.
Form of Declaration to be made in connection with the Export
of Deer, shot for sport by persons not domiciled in Canada.
I, of	
do solemnly and truly declare that the deer in the carcase or
parts thereof described in the annexed Export Entry have
been shot by me at in Canada, for
sport and not for gain or hire, under Authority of the License
or Permit issued under Provincial or Territorial Authority
herewith exhibited; that I am not domiciled in Canada;
that I have not exported directly or indirectly within this
calendar year deer in the carcase or parts thereof, shot by me
in Canada during the present season, except as follows, viz.:—
(1.)*	
that the deer described in the annexed Export Entry together
with the deer heretofore exported by me within the present
calendar year are not parts of more than two deer ; and I
verily believe that the exportation of the deer described in the
annexed entry is not prohibited.
Signature of Exporter.
Declared before me at \
this  day of J
Collector of Customs.
(1*) Parts exported and place of exportation.
D^^As export from Canada is permitted only at the ports
specified, sportsmen should ship from the interior to the most
convenient authorized Customs Port shown in paragraph 1.
Certificates of membership of hunting or fishing clubs are
not valid licenses or permits under clause 6. The regular
Provincial License for the current hunting season issued by a
person authorized by the Commissioner of Lands, Forests and
Fisheries must be produced.
On sufficient notice to General Passenger Agent, C.P. Ry.,
Montreal, direct, or through any C. P. Ry. agent, a passenger
representative will meet any party of sportsmen, and assist
them in making necessary Customs arrangements.
Tourists and Sportsmen's Outfits
CANADIAN CUSTOMS REGULATIONS
The articles which may be brought into Canada (in addition to wearing apparel, on which no duty is levied), as tourists' outfits, comprise guns, fishing rods, canoes, tents, camp
equipment, cooking utensils, musical instruments, Kodaks,
etc., etc.
A deposit of duty on the appraised value of the articles imported must be made with the nearest Collector on arrival in
Canada, which deposit will be returned in full, provided the
articles are exported from Canada within six months.
63 FISHING AND  SHOOTING
REPORT FOR DEPOSIT ON TOURIST'S OUTFIT
(In Duplicate)
Entry No Report No	
Port of.
.190.
Tourist's Outfit imported by.
of	
from	
.per.
Marks
and Nos.
Descriptions of
Articles.
Value.
Rate.
Duty.
Remarks re
Exportation.
The said deposit of dollars
has been received by me on the conditions stated by the importer.
[stamp] , Customs Officer.
I (owner or agent) do
solemnly declare that the above is a full and true statement
of the description and values of the articles imported by me as
Tourist's Outfit, with the amount of duty deposited thereon,
the said deposit to be entered for duty if the articles are not
duly exported within six months.
(Signature)	
(Address)	
If the tourist is unable to have his outfit exported and
identified at the Customs Port where the deposit of duty is
made, so as to receive back his deposit before leaving Canada,
he can have the articles inspected and certified as below. The
Tourist's Report of the articles exported and certified as aforesaid may then be mailed to the Customs Officer at the port of
entry, who will forvvard a remittance, by mail, for the money
deposited (less expense of remittance).
The articles which may be brought in as Tourists' Outfits
comprise : Guns, Fishing Rods, Canoes, Tents, Camp Equipment, Cooking Utensils, Musical Instruments, Kodaks, etc.
Declaration as to return of Outfit, attested to before a Customs
Officer in Canada or at a place out of Canada.
Articles described herein inspected by me at...
this day of	
and exported or landed as declared.
Sworn to before me,
.19..
Customs Officer.
[stamp].
I, (owner or agent)
do solemnly declare that the identical goods hereinbefore
described are now presented for inspection, the same having
been delivered for exportation from the port of. •
per or landed at	
from per    	
(Signature)
File 37827.
No. 1006 B
IM^ On sufficient notice to General Passenger Agent,
C. P. Ry., Montreal, direct, or through any C. P. Ry. Agent,
a passenger representative will meet any party of sportsmen
and assist them in making necessary Customs arrangements,
etc.
64 PROTECTION OF FORESTS FROM FIRE
Protection of Forests from Fire
The value of the Canadian forests can hardly be overestimated, although the destruction of small portions of them
by fires amounts annually to a serious item. Anyone who has
been in a district over which a fire has recently passed will
appreciate the utter ruin of the district for several years for
the tourist, the hunter, and the angler; and we believe that
every true sportsman is glad to do anything in his power to
prevent destruction of the forests and will observe carefully
the following suggestions of the fire rangers :—
'' The greatest care should be exercised between April 1st
" and October 31st, and if a fire is made in the forest, or
" at a distance of less than a half a mile therefrom, or upon
" any island, for cooking or obtaining warmth, the maker
"should—
1st. Select a locality in the neighborhood in which
there is the smallest quantity of vegetable matter, dead wood, branches, brushwood, dry leaves,
or resinous trees;
2nd. Clear the place in which he is about to light the
fire by removing all vegetable matter, dead trees,
branches, brushwood, and dry leaves from the
soil within a radius of ten feet from the fire;
3rd. Exercise and observe every reasonable care and
precaution to prevent such fire from spreading,
and carefully extinguish the same before quitting the place.
" Great care should be exercised   to   see   that   burning
"matches, ashes of pipes and lighted cigars, or burning
"gun wadding,  or any other burning substance, should
" be completely extinguished before the sportsman leaves
" the spot.
"Too much care cannot be exercised in these important
"matters."
.<"''£
■-.$&*
65 FISHING AND  SHOOTING
Open Seasons
FOR GAME AND FISH.
A Synopsis of Laws Governing Shooting and Fishing in the Provinces
and States traversed by the Canadian Pacific Ry. System
REGULATIONS  APPLICABLE   GENERALLY   IN
PROVINCES  AND  STATES
The Provincial and State laws generally prohibit possession or sale or transportation in the close season for game or
fish, except that after the open season closes a short time is
allowed in some states and provinces, but in many export is
illegal at any time.
Netting game fish or catching or killing them by drugs,
explosives, etc., or by any other means than hook and line is
forbidden.
Insectivorous and song birds, and nests and eggs of all
birds, except birds of prey, are protected at all times.
Netting or snaring game birds, or killing by any other
mode than shooting is illegal.
Night shooting is generally prohibited.
Streams or lakes leased to individuals or clubs cannot be
fished by the public, though in many cases persons properly
introduced may obtain fishing.
Licenses should be kept in personal possession of the
sportsman at all times, as they are subject to production on
demand of game wardens.
The following condensations of the Game Laws, etc., have been carefully
revised, and made as correct as possible up to the date of the issue of this
pamphlet. Owing to the fact that the Game Laws are frequently changed,
absolute accuracy is not guaranteed.
PROVINCE OF QUEBEC
(open season)
HUNTING
Big Game.—Moose and Deer, September 1st to December 31st,
inclusive, excepting Ottawa and Pontiac Counties.
Moose and Deer in Ottawa and Pontiac Counties, October 1st to November 30th, inclusive.
Caribou, September 1st to January 31st, inclusive.
Bear, August 20th to June 30th, inclusive.
No more than one moose, two deer, and two caribou may
be killed in one season by any one person.
il GAME AND FISH LAWS
Dogs may be used to hunt red deer only between October
20th and November 1st.
No person owning, having or harboring any dog accustomed to hunt and pursue deer shall allow such dog to run at
large, hunt or pursue in any places inhabited by deer, between
November 1st of one year and October 20th of following year,
under a penalty of a fine.
The young of deer, moose or caribou, if only one year old
or less, must not be killed.
Cow moose must not be killed at any time.
Other Game.—Mink,  otter,   marten,   pekan,   fox   (except
yellow or red), raccoon, November 1st to March 31st,
inclusive.
Fox (yellow or red), at all times.
Hare, November 1st to January 31st, inclusive.
Muskrat, April 1st to April 30th, inclusive.
Beaver are protected until November 1st, 1902.
Game   Birds.—Woodcock,   snipe,    plover,   curlew,   tatler,
sandpiper, September 1st to January 31st, inclusive.
Birch partridge,    swamp   partridge,    September   1st   to
December 14th, inclusive.
White partridge (ptarmigan), November 1st to January
31st, inclusive.
Widgeon, teal or wild duck of any kind, except sheldrake, loons and gulls, September 15th to February
28th, inclusive.
Buffle-head ducks, commonly known as pied-ducks or
divers, September 1st to April 14th, inclusive.
EAST AND NORTH OF SAGUENAY RIVER
Regulations for that part of the counties of Chicoutimi
and Saguenay to the east and north of the River Saguenay
are the same as the foregoing, except for the following the
open season is as shown :
Caribou, September 1st to February 28th, inclusive (and
not more than four Caribou may be killed in one
season).
Otter, October 15th to April 14th, inclusive.
Hare, October 15th to February 28th, inclusive.
Muskrat, November 1st to March 31st, inclusive.
Birch or swamp partridge, September 15th to January 31st,
inclusive.
White partridge (ptarmigan), November 15th to February
28th, inclusive.
HUNTING LICENSE—Entire Province
Non-residents are required to obtain licenses to hunt,
which may be procured on application to General Passenger
Agent, C.P. Ry., Montreal, through any agent of the C.P. Ry.
Pee, $25.00 for season.
67 FISHING AND SHOOTING
WASTE OF GAME
No person who has killed or taken any bird or animal
suitable for food shall allow the flesh thereof to be destroyed
or spoilt, and no person who has killed or taken a fur-bearing
animal shall allow the skin thereof to be destroyed or spoilt.
TRANSPORTATION—Entire Province
After the first fifteen (15) days of the close season all public
carriers are forbidded to transport any game or portions or
hides thereof.
FISHING
(ENTIRE PROVINCE)
Bass, June 16th to April 14th, inclusive.
Maskinonge, July'2nd to May 24th, inclusive.
Pickerel (dore), May 16th to April 14th, inclusive.
Speckled trout, May 1st to September 30th, inclusive.
Lake trout, grey trout, or lunge, December 2nd to October
14th, inclusive.
Salmon, February 2nd to August 14th, inclusive.
Whitefish, December 2nd to November 9th, inclusive.
Ouananiche, December 2nd to September 14th, inclusive.
Non-residents are required to procure licenses to fish,
which may be obtained on application to the General Passenger Agent, C. P. Ry., Montreal, through any agent of the
Company. License fee, one month $10.0J ; two months $15.00 ;
three months $20.00.
TRANSPORTATION—Entire Province
After the first ten (10) days of the close season all public
carriers are forbidden to transport any kind of fish.
PROVINCE OF ONTARIO
(open season)
HUNTING
Big Game.—Deer, November 1st to November 15th.
Moose, caribou, reindeer, protected until 1903.
Elk, wapiti, must not be hunted at any time.
Bear, all year.
Cow moose must not be hunted at any time.
No more than two deer may be killed in one season by
any one person.
Dogs may be used hunting deer, but must not be allowed
to run at large during close season.
The young of deer, moose, reindeer or caribou, if only one
year old or less, must not be hunted at any time.
68 GAME AND FISH LAWS
Other Game.—Fox (yellow or red), at all times.
Hare, September 15th to December 15th.
Squirrels (black and grey), September 15th to December
15th.
Rabbits, any species, at all times.
Muskrat, January 1st to April 1st.
Beaver and otter are protected until November 1st, 1905.
Game Birds.—Grouse, pheasant, partridge, woodcock, snipe,
rail, plover, or any other birds known as shore birds
or waders, September 15th to December 15th.
Wild duck of all kinds and any other waterfowl, September 1st to December 15th.
Quail, November 1st to December 15th.
Swans or geese, September 15th to May 1st.
Wild turkeys, protected until October 15th, 1905.
Prairie fowl, English or Mongolian pheasant, protected
until September 15th, 1905.
Wild duck, geese, or other waterfowl must not be hunted
from sail boats, yachts or launches propelled by steam
or other power.
Hunting on Sunday is prohibited.
HUNTING LICENSE
Non-residents are required to obtain licenses to hunt, the
fee for which is $25.00 for season. Residents of Province of
Ontario are required to obtain licenses to hunt deer, the fee
for which is $2.00, and to hunt moose, reindeer or cariboo, the
fee for which is $5.00 (moose and caribou protected until 1903).
Licenses may be procured on application to General Passenger
Agent, C.P. Ry., Montreal, through any agent of the C.P. Ry.
FISHING
Bass, from June 16th to April 14th, except in the
waters of Lake Erie west of Point Pelee and around
Pelee Island, where it is from July 16th to May 24th.
Maskinonge, from June 16th to April 14th, except in Rice
Lake where it is from June 2nd to April 14th.
Pickerel (dore), from May 16th to April 14th.
Speckled and brook trout, from May 1st to September 14th.
Salmon trout, from December 1st to October 31st.
Sturgeon, all year.
Whitefish, from December 1st to October 31st.
FISHING LICENSES
All persons are required to obtain Permit to fish in the
waters of Lake Nepigon and River Nepigon, which may be
procured on application to the General Passenger Agent, C. P.
Ry., Montreal, through any agent of the Company.
For particulars of fees, see paragraph (6), page 70.
Permits are not necessary in other inland waters, excepting
inter-provincial waters, and then only from parties who cross
for the day and who do not engage boats from Ontario boatmen
or stop at Ontario Hotels.    The fee in such cases is $5 00 per rod. FISHING AND  SHOOTING
ONTARIO GENERAL FISHERY REGULATIONS.
" Bass " shall mean and include small mouthed black bass
and large mouthed black bass.
Whoever shall fish in Provincial waters without a permit,
lease or license, wherein fishing is prohibited except by lease
or license, shall for each offence be liable to the penalty provided by section 53 of this Act, and costs; and in default of
payment of such fines and costs, shall be imprisoned for a
period not exceeding three months.
Any box, basket, crate, package or other utensil whatsoever, containing fish for shipment, whether caught in Provincial or private waters, shall be labelled with the names of the
consignee and consignor, and shall have stated thereon the
contents of such box, basket, crate, package or other utensil.
No one shall sell, barter or traffic in speckled trout,
bass or maskinonge taken or caught in Provincial waters
before the first day of July, 1903.
(1) Excessive or wasteful fishing, or fishing during prohibited seasons, shall also involve the cancellation of the lease
covering the waters in which it has taken place, or of any
license or permit, with the knowledge or participation of the
lessee or licensee.
(2) The contravention of any regulations or restrictions
made or prescribed by or under any lawful authority in that
behalf in respect of limitations in the «ize, numbers or weight
of fish taken, or in respect of the fish which shall be required
to be returned to waters whence taken, shall be deemed to be
an infraction of the provisions of this section.
" Non-resident, tourist or summer visitor," shall mean any
person who may during the spring, summer or autumn months
be temporarily visiting, boarding, lodging or keeping house
in any locality at a distance of over twelve miles from his
usual place of residence.
ONTARIO—NEPIGON LAKE AND RIVER FISHERY
REGULATIONS.
No one shall fish in the waters of Lake Nepigon in
the District of Thunder Bay, in the River Nepigon in the
same District, nor in any tributaries of the said lake or
river, without first having obtained a permit or license from
the Commissioner of Fisheries through the local overseer at
Nepigon.
The following clauses, lettered (a) to (g) inclusive, shall
apply to the waters in the next preceding section mentioned.
(a). One license or permit only may be issued to any
applicant, and shall not be for a longer period than four
weeks from the date of issue.
(6). The fee for such license or permit shall be $15 for a
period of two weeks or less, $20 for three weeks and $25 for
four weeks, where the applicant is not a permanent resident
of Canada; and $5 for two weeks, and $10 for four weeks
where the applicant is a permanent resident of Canada.
70 GAME AND FISH LAWS
(d). The said license or permit shall not be transferable,
and the holder thereof shall produce and exhibit the same
whenever called upon so to do by a fishery overseer.
[e). All fishing camps and fishing parties visiting the said
waters shall be subject to the supervision of the fishery overseer or overseers.
(/). Such sanitary arrangements as the overseer may
direct shall be made, and such directions as he may give for
the disposal of refuse and the extinction of fires shall be
complied with.
{g). The cutting of live timber, the property of Ontario,
by persons holding a license or permit to fish in said waters,
their servants or agents, is prohibited except where absolutely
necessary for the purpose of camping and shelter, such as for
tent poles, tent pins, and the like.
The preceding section shall also apply to Indians who act
as guides, boatmen, canoemen, camp assistants or helpers of any
kind of any fishing party or person or persons who may hold a
fishing license or permit during the time they are engaged
with such party, person or persons, but shall not otherwise
apply to Indians.
PROVINCE OF NEW BRUNSWICK
(open season)
HUNTING
Big Game.—Moose, caribou, deer or red deer, September 15th
to December 31st.
Cow and calf moose (under age of one year) are protected
at all times.
Moose and caribou are protected westward of St. John
River until September 15th, 1902.
Moose, caribou and deer are protected in the County of
Albert until 1903.
No person shall kill or take more than one moose, one
caribou and two deer during any one year.
Moose, caribou and deer are not to be hunted with dogs,
or to be caught by means of traps and snares.
Other Game.—Mink, fisher or sable, October 15th to March
31st.
Muskrat, in Kings, Queens, and Sunbury Counties, March
10th to June 10th.
Beaver, protected until July 1st, 1904.
Game Birds.—Partridge, September 15th to November 30th,
but must not be bought or sold until September 15th,
1903.
No person shall hunt, take, hurt, injure, trap, snare, shoot,
wound, kill or destroy any partridge in the County of Albert,
between the fifteenth day of September, A. D. 1901, and the
fifteenth day of September, A.D. 1903.
71 FISHING and shooting
Woodcock and snipe, from September 2nd to November
30th.
Wild geese, brant, teal, wood duck, dusky duck, commonly
called black duck, September 2nd to November 30th.
Wild geese, brant, teal, wood duck, dusky duck, commonly
called black duck, shall not be hunted with artificial light, nor
with swivel or punt guns, nor trapped or netted at any time.
Sea-gulls, pheasants, song-birds and insectivorous birds,
entirely protected.
Sunday shooting is prohibited.
HUNTING LICENSES
Non-residents must not kill any moose or caribou without
having obtained a license from the Crown Lands Office,
Fredericton, N.B., or from the Chief Game Commissioner, or
any county or special game warden, by payment of a fee of
$30; license to be in force for one year. License for residents, $2.
TRANSPORTATION
Every corporation, railway, express company, or other
common carrier, or person acting as a common carrier, shall
be guilty of an offence and liable to the penalty hereinafter
provided, who, at any time or season hereafter in any part of
the Province :
(a) Carries or transports from place to   place any live
moose, caribou or deer, or the carcass or any portion
thereof, or the green hide of such game, unless the
same be accompanied by the owner thereof, and be
open to view and tagged or labelled with the owner's
name and address ;
(b) Carries or transports without the Province any live
game, or the carcass or any portion thereof, or the
green hide or pelt of any game. Nothing herein
shall apply to game transported or exported on the
special permit of the Surveyor-General under the
provisions of Section 44, or to the transportation of
heads or hides of moose, caribou or deer, shipped or
delivered to any bona fide taxidermist within the
Province.
FISHING
Land-locked salmon, April 1st to September 30th.
Speckled trout, April 1st to September 30th.
Lake trout, May 1st to September 30th.
Bass may be caught with hook and line at all times of year.
Salmon, February 1st to August 15th.
The use of explosive materials to catch or kill fish is
illegal.
PROVINCE OF NOVA SCOTIA
(OPEN season)
HUNTING
Big Game.—Moose, September 15th to January 1st.
(No person shall kill more than two moose in one season.)
Caribou, September 15th to January 1st.
(No person shall kill more than two caribou in one season.)
' 72 GAME AND FISH LAWS
Moose and caribou are protected in Cape Breton until 1905.
Deer and elk, protected until October, 1904.
The young of moose, caribou and deer, if only one year old
or less, must not be killed.
Dogs must not be used to hunt moose or caribou.
Bear, all year.
Other Game.—Mink, November 2nd to February 28th.
Fox (yellow or red), at all times.
Hare or rabbit, October 1st to January 31st.
Muskrat, November 2nd to March 31st.
Otter, all year.
Beaver, November 1st to March 31st.
Newfoundland hare and jack-rabbit, protected.
Game   Birds.—Woodcock,   snipe,   teal,   blue-winged   duck,
wood duck, September 1st to February 28th.
Duck in Cumberland County, September 1st to April 30th.
Ruffed grouse, commonly called partridge, October 1st to
November 30th.
Pheasant,   blackcock,   capercailzie,   sharp-tailed   grouse,
spruce partridge, protected at all times.
Cape Breton, the open season for all birds (excepting
partridge, which are protected) is from August 20th to
February 28th.
HUNTING LICENSES
Non-residents are required to obtain licenses from the
Provincial Secretary to shoot.
License fee, birds, hares and rabbits, $10; other game, $30.
FISHING
Trout of all kinds and land-locked salmon, April 2nd to
September 30th.
Bass may be caught with hook and line at all times of the
year.
Salmon, February 1st to August 15th.
FISHING LICENSES
Non-residents are required to obtain licenses to fish, which
may be obtained on application to the Fishery Warden.
Fee for three months, $5 ; fee for six months, $10.
PROVINCE OF MANITOBA
(open season)
HUNTING
Big Game.—All kinds of deer, including antelope, cabri, elk,
or wapiti, moose, reindeer, or cariboo, or their fawns,
between September 16th and November 30th; and no
one person may, during any one season or year, kill or
take more in all than two of such animals.
Female deer, cabri, antelope, elk, wapiti, reindeer, moose
and cariboo, and fawns of such animals, protected.
Dogs used to. hunt deer must not be allowed to run at
large during close season.
73 FISHING AND SHOOTING
Other Game.—Fisher, or pekan and sable, October 2nd
to May 14th.
Muskrat, December 2nd to April 30th.
Marten, November 2nd to April 14th.
Beaver, otter, perpetually protected.
Game Birds.-All varieties of grouse, including prairie chicken,
pheasant and partridges, September 15th to November
14th; it is illegal for one person to kill more than 100
in one year or season or more than 20 in one day.
Woodcock, plover (other than upland plover), quail, snipe
and sandpiper, August 2nd to December 31st.
Upland plover, July 1st to December 31st.
Duck of all kinds, September 2nd to December 31st.
Sunday shooting is entirely prohibited.
Sale and export of game are prohibited.
HUNTING LICENSES
Non-residents of the Province must secure a hunting
license from the Minister of Agriculture at Winnipeg, fee $25,
for the open season of the calendar year in which the license
is issued.
FISHING
Whitefish, salmon trout, December 16th to October 4th.
Pickerel (dore), May 16th to April 14th.
Sturgeon, June 16th to May 14th.
Speckled trout, May 2nd to September 14th.
Maskinonge, May 16th to April 14th.
THE   NORTHWEST TERRITORIES
(open season)
HUNTING
Big Game.—Elk, moose, cariboo, antelope, deer or their fawn.
November 2nd to December 14th.    (It is forbidden to
take more than 3 of any one species in any one year.)
Mountain sheep or goat, October 2nd to December 14th.
Mink, fisher or marten, November 2nd to April 14th.
Otter or beaver, October 2nd to May 14th, except in East
Assiniboia where beaver are protected until November,
1901.
Muskrat, November 2nd to May 14th.
Buffalo are protected at all times.
Small Game.—Grouse, partridge, pheasant or prairie chicken,
September 16th to December 14th—and no more than
20 in one day.
Wild duck of all varieties, August 24th to May 4th.
Snipe or sandpiper, August 24th to May 4th.
HUNTING LICENSES
Permits are granted by game guardians for periods not
exceeding five days to any non-resident, who is the bona fide
guest of a resident, to hunt in company with his host. Affidavits must be made by the applicant and such resident: Fee,
$1.00. Shooting Licenses, issued by Commissioner of Agriculture, Regina, $15.00.
74 GAME AND FISH LAWS
FISHING
Speckled trout, May 2nd to September 14th.
Maskinonge, May 16th to April 14th.
Salmon Trout, December 16th to October 4th.
Pickerel (dore), May 16th to April 14th.
Whitefish, December 16th to October 4th.
Sturgeon, June 16th to May 14th.
PROVINCE  OF  BRITISH  COLUMBIA
(OPEN SEASON)
HUNTING
Big Game.—Moose (bull), September 1st to December 31st.
Females and calves under one year, protected.
Deer, September 1st to December 14th.    Fawn under one
year protected.
Caribou, September 1st to December 31st.     Females and
calves, protected at all times.
Elk (wapiti), September 1st to December 31st.     Females
and calves under two years, protected.
Mountain goat and sheep, September 1st to December 14th.
Mountain sheep, ewes and lambs, protected.
Not more than five caribou may be killed by one person in
any season, nor more than ten deer, two (bull) elk, two (bull)
moose, two (bull) wapiti, five mountain goat or three mountain sheep (rams). Deer must not be hunted with dogs, or
killed for hides alone.
Small Game.—Beaver, November 2nd to March 31st.
Hare, September 1st to December 31st.
Land otter and marten, November 2nd to March 31st.
Game Birds.—Bittern, September 1st to February 28th.
Duck of all kinds, September 1st to Feburary 28th.
Not more than 250 ducks may be shot in one season.
Grouse of all kinds, including prairie chicken, September
1st to December 31st.
Heron, plover, September 1st to February 28th.
Partridge (English),   pheasants,  quail   of   all   kinds are
protected.
Insectivorous birds always protected.
The buying and selling of heads of mountain sheep is prohibited.
HUNTING LICENSE
Non-residents, other than military men of the British
Army and Canadian Militia in actual service in the Province,
are required to secure shooting license—fee $50—which may
be procured from any Provincial Government Agent.
FISHING
Large   grey   trout,   lunge,   touladi,  land-locked salmon,
March 16th to October 14th.
Speckled trout, March 16th to October 14th.
Salmon trout, December 1st to September 30th.
Salmon angling, March 2nd to October 30th.
Sturgeon, July 16th to May 31st.
Whitefish, December 1st to September 30th.
75 FISHING AND  SHOOTING
NEWFOUNDLAND
(OPEN SEASON)
HUNTING
Game.—Caribou, July 16th to January 31st, excepting from
October 1st to October 20th, inclusive.
Otter, October 2nd to March 31st.
Rabbits and hares, September 16th to February 28th.
Beaver, protected until 1903.
Moose and elk, protected until January, 1906.
Not more than three stag and one doe caribou to be killed
in any one year by any one person.
Dogs must not be used to hunt caribou.
Game Birds.—Partridge, ptarmigan and other grouse, September 16th to January 11th.
Curlew, plover, snipe or other wild or migratory birds,
excepting wild geese, September 16th to January 11th.
HUNTING LICENSES
Non-residents are required to obtain licenses. There are
three kinds of licenses—one entitling the holder thereof to kill
and take two stag and one doe caribou, $40, valid for four
weeks ; another to kill three stag and one doe caribou, $50,
valid for six weeks ; and a third to kill five stag and two doe
caribou, $80, valid for two months.
Export of carcasses permitted under certain conditions,
FISHING
Salmon, grilse, or char or trout, in any lake, river, pond,
brook or stream, January 16th to September 9th.
STATE OF VERMONT
(open season)
HUNTING
Game.—Deer, having horns, last ten days of October.
(No person shall kill more than one deer in one season.)
Beaver, protected at all times.
Rabbits and hares, September 1st to April 30th.
Quail, wild duck, wild goose and plover, September 1st
to December 31st.
Ruffed   grouse,   partridge,   woodcock, September 1st to
December 31st.
Upland plover, August 15th to November 30th.
English   pheasant or English partridge,   October 1st to
November 19th.
Deer or game birds taken from the State must be accompanied by the owner, and open to view, tagged and plainly
labelled with owner's name.
Dogs must not be used to hunt deer.
Not more than five of the birds mentioned may be killed in
one day except wild duck, and not more than twenty wild
duck may be killed in one day.
FISHING
Black bass, June 15th to December 31st.
Muskellunge, maskinongy, June 15th to April 14th, except
in Lake Champlain, where they may be taken at all
seasons.
Wall-eyed pike, pike perch, May 1st   to December 31st,
except in Lake Champlain, where season with hook
and line extends throughout the year.
76 fishing and Shooting
ti BEST places for sport and the
best means of reaching them ?
These are the problems which
sportsmen now, as ever, seek
to solve. The intention of this
little book is to assist in the solu-
wS^^k ^on °^ these questions by
pointing out in a general way
the most accessible localities,
the species of game to be
found, and the facilities provided for the traveller en
route, and at his chosen
destination.
In the variety and abundance
of sport obtainable, at a minimum of
expense and trouble, Canada has no rival,
and it so happens that the best game districts of the Dominion are either in the immediate vicinity of,
or at no great distance from, the Canadian Pacific Railway,
and outside the Dominion the road and its connections afford
easy access for the angler and hunter to highly-favored regions.
Newfoundland is now brought within six hours' steam of the
Canadian railwTays, and in the States adjacent to Canada
the Canadian Pacific Railway and its connecting lines traverse
the best fields for sport. The heart of the moose, caribou
and deer country of New Brunswick, and of Eastern and
Northern Quebec—lands which are not only famed for their
big game, but which abound in trout-streams and small
lakes inhabited by many species of fish—is penetrated; and
for the greater part of the way between St. John, N.B.,
and Vancouver, on the Pacific, the Canadian Pacific passes
through territory from which, in season, no sportsman, however untried he may be, should return empty-handed. There is
necessarily considerable difference between the resources of one
field and those of another. Each particular locality may be
more promising for certain kinds of game than the rest—one
good for caribou, but scant of moose; one well streaked with
trout-streams, but affording less excellent bass fishing ; one unsurpassed for wild fowl, but not equal to others for grouse;
but there are some which hold many kinds of game, and will
well repay the organization of a camping party. Other places
may be shot over during the day, permitting the sportsman
to return to his temporary home at night. Some sportsmen,
too, are not content to "rough it" however richly they may
be rewarded, but require all the accessories of civilization
reasonably obtainable ; others regard the camp, the occasional
inconveniences, and the complete change in mode of life as
additional attractions to the search for and the securing of
their game.
The Canadian Pacific Railway traverses a diversified
country, and has opened up to sportsmen vast tracts hitherto
practically inaccessible; yet, while reaching shooting and
fishing grounds heretofore unworked, conveys its passengers to
the field of their operations in more than ordinary comfort
and safety.
To preserve the game from the destructive pot-hunter, the
several provinces of the Dominion have from time to time
passed game laws, principally intended to regulate the dates
of the open and close seasons, and to limit the amount of game
and fish that should fall to each gun and rod. These laws
are given in condensed form in this pamphlet.
3 FISHING AND SHOOTING
THE   NORTH    SHORE   OF   THE   ST. LAWRENCE,
EAST  OF  MONTREAL.
To try some of the small lakes and streams, so plentiful
along the north shore of the St. Lawrence River between
Montreal and Quebec, is a most satisfactory undertaking for
anyone who is satisfied with killing fish of moderate weight.
North of the river, some miles inland, the rugged Laurentian
range of mountains runs parallel to the course of the St.
Lawrence, and in it rises stream after stream, feeders of
the multitudes of lakes and rivers of the region, and in one
and all trout are abundant. This land is rough and wild in
many places, and to fish it properly not unfrequently means
"roughing it" but not to such an extent as to mar any reason-
THE PLACE VIGER HOTEL AND STATION, MONTREAL,
CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY.
able man's enjoyment. Anglers from Montreal usually find
good sport beyond St. Jerome, in the small lakes and their
feeders, these points being but a short run from Montreal.
Half and three-quarter pound trout are good fish in these
waters, and, while much larger ones are but seldom taken,
there are plenty of the size mentioned. St. Margaret and
Ste. Agathe are stations in the same neighborhood, but further
from Montreal, in the centre of groups of lakes in which there
is good fishing, the trout, however, being of moderate size;
St. Faustin is also the centre of numerous fishing waters, and
a very good headquarters, there being 15 lakes within a 10-mile
radius, and at the terminus of the branch railway is Labelle,
101 miles from Montreal, near which excellent sport may be
obtained. Beyond Labelle are the Macaza and Nominingue
districts, the latter holding thirty fishing lakes within
an area of sixteen square miles. In this Laurentian
range are countless streams, lakes and lakelets, in some
of which few lines have yet been cast, but their proximity GAME AND FISH LAWS
Sturgeon, June 1st to April 14th.
Brook trout, lake trout or other varieties of trout, May 1st
to August 31st.
Brook, rainbow, brown or Lock Leven trout when less
than 6 inches, black bass less than ten inches and land-locked
salmon, lake trout or steel-head trout less than 12 inches,
must be returned immediately to the water from which
taken.
STATE  OF  MAINE
(OPEN SEASON)
HUNTING
Big Game.—Moose, October 15th to November 30th.
(No person shall kill more than one bull moose in one
season.)
Deer, October 1st to December 14th.
(No person shall kill more than two deer in one season.)
York, Cumberland, Androscoggin and Sagadahoc counties
closed to killing deer for four years from October 1st, 1899,
and there are restrictions in some other counties. Particulars
on application.
Caribou, protected until October, 1905.
Cow and calf moose, protected.
Dogs must not be used to hunt moose, caribou or deer.
Other Game.—Mink, sable or fisher, October 16th to April
30th.
Muskrat, October 16th to April 30th.
Beaver, protected at all times.
Game  Birds.—Wood, dusky or black duck, teal, gray duck,
from September 1st to April 30th.
Partridge, woodcock, September 15th to November 30th.
Quail, October 2nd to November 30th.
Plover, snipe, August 1st to April 30th.
No person shall in any one day kill more than 15 of each
variety of above birds, except plover and snipe.
Capercailzie, or cock of the woods, black game so called,
or any species of the pheasant, except partridge, are
protected.
Sunday shooting is prohibited.
TRANSPORTATION
Game or game birds being transported must be open to
view, tagged and plainly labelled with owners name and
address and accompanied by him, and if moose, must have
evidence of its sex; partridge must not be sold or taken out of
state.
Persons from out of the State may take lawful game with
them by having them lawfully tagged, or may send the same
to their home by procuring a license to do so.
FISHING
Land-locked salmon,   trout and   togue,   from when   ice
is out of lake or pond to September 30th.
White perch from July 1st to March 31st.
Black bass, pickerel, no close season.
77 fishing and shooting
Inhabitants of the State may catch land-locked salmon
trout and togue through the ice in February, March and
April for their own family use, but not to exceed 20 pounds
for any one family.
Salmon, from April 2nd to July 14th, but may be taken
with rod and single line from July 15th to Sept. 15th.
There are restrictions in some counties regarding fishing.
Land-locked salmon trout, togue or white perch not to be
transported except in possession of the owner, and not more
than 25 lbs. of each by one person.
STATE OF MICHIGAN
(OPEN SEASON)
HUNTING
Game —Deer, November 8th to November 30th.    Deer protected in counties of Alcona, Lapeer, Huron, Sanilac,
Tuscola, Macomb, Allegan, Ottawa and St. Clair until
January, 1903.
There are restrictions in other counties.
Moose, elk, caribou, protected until 1909.
Fawn protected.
Deer must not be killed in red coat, or fawn in spotted
coat, nor in any waters in the state.
Dogs must not be used to hunt deer.    No person shall kill
more than five deer in any one season.
Other Game.—Beaver, protected until December 31st, 1905.
Otter, fisher, marten, November 16th to April 30th.
Mink, raccoon, skunk, muskrat, November 1st to August
31st.
Fox, squirrel, October 1st to December 31st.
Game Birds.—Ruffed grouse, sometimes called partridge or
pheasant, quail (colin or prairie pheasant), spruce-hen,
snipe, plover, woodcock, October 20th to   Nov. 30th
(except in Upper Peninsula).
Partridge in Upper Peninsula, October 1st to November
30th.
Prairie chicken, protected until 1902.
Ducks, geese, brant and other wild water fowl, September
1st to January 31st, from one-half hour before sunrise
until one and one-half hours after sunset. In the
Upper Peninsula, any wild waterfowl may be killed
from September 1st to January 15th, inclusive.
Jack snipe, blue bill, canvas back, widgeon, pin tail,
whistler, spoon bill, butter ball, saw bill ducks and
wild geese, September 1st to May 1st.
Wild pigeon, wild turkey, Mongolian and English pheasants, protected until 1905.
Nests and eggs, song and insectivorous birds, perpetually
protected.
HUNTING LICENSES
Non-residents must pay a license of $25 to hunt deer to the
Clerk of the County in which he proposes to camp. Fee for
license for residents, 75 cents.
FISHING
Speckled trout, land-locked salmon, grayling or California trout, May 2nd to August 31st.
Muskallonge and bass, July 2nd to February 28th.
There are restrictions in some counties.
78 GAME and fish LAWS
TRANSPORTATION
No protected game or fish can be transported beyond the
limits of the state.
STATE OF WISCONSIN
(OPEN season)
HUNTING
Game.—Deer,  first twenty (20) days of November.    Deer in
counties of Sheboygan and Fond du Lac protected
until April 10th, 1902.    Not more than two may be
killed by one person in one season.
Fawn are protected at all times.
Dogs must not be used to hunt deer.
Rabbit, otter, fisher, marten and muskrat, October 2nd
to April 30th. Muskrat houses must not be molested
or destroyed at any time.
Woodcock, partridge, pheasant, prairie chicken, or
prairie hen, grouse of all kinds, plover, snipe, September 1st to November 30th.
Wild duck, or brant, or any aquatic fowl (including snipe),
excepting wild geese, September 1st to December 31st.
Wild geese, September 1st to April 30th.
Swan, perpetually protected. Insectivorous birds always
protected.
Mongolian, Chinese or English pheasant, and quail of all
varieties, protected until September, 1901.
LICENSES
Residents, $1.00; Non-residents, for deer and all other
game (not protected),$25.00 ; all game (not protected), except
deer, $10.00.
FISHING
Trout, all varieties, April 15th to August 31st.
Black, yellow and Oswego bass, muskallonge,  pike, May
25th to February 28th.
There are restrictions in some counties,  and the open
season varies in others.
The regulations here given are the latest received
(May 4th, 1901).
79 List of Agencies
Adelaide Aus..Australian United S. Nav. Co. (Ltd
Amoy China..Jardine, Matheson & Co.
Auckland N.Z..Unions. S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)    Thos. Cook & Son.
Baltimore Md..J. H. Thompson, Frt. and Pass'r Agt 129 E. Baltimore St.
Batavia Java. .MacLaine, Watson & Co.
Bombay India. .Ewart, Lathom & Co.   Thomas Cook & Son, 13 Esplanade Road
i»r»«t«Ti M«HH 5H. J. Colvin, District Passenger Agent 197 Washington St.
moston Ma88-}F. R.Perry, City Passenger Agent	
Brisbane Qd..The British India and Queensland Agency Co. (Ltd.)
I Court House Ave.
Buffalo N.Y..A. J. Shulman, City Passenger and Frt. Agent....233 Main St.
rfliP11tta TnrJifl 5 Gilanders, Arbuthnot & Co.
Calcutta India j Tnoma8 Cook & Son  9 01d Court House St.
Canton China..Jardine, Matheson & Co.
(A.C. Shaw, Gen'l Agt., Passr. Dept 228 South Clark St.
Chicago 111. < C L. Williams, City Passenger Agent        " "
(W.A. Kittermaster, Genl. Agt., Freight Dept..234 La Salle St.
«-«fa-«ti....ouo{^.\SS,My^SS.rf?e.n?:::},«Carew «»"«-«■
rko+K.iit- Tunn\x  5 A- E- Fdmonds, City Passenger Agent 7Fort St. W.
Detroit Mlcn-j w.R. Haldane, District Freight Agent	
Duluth Minn. .M. Adson, District Agent 426 Spalding House Block.
Everett Wash. A. B. Winter, Ticket Agent  .1515 Hewitt Ave.
Glasgow . .Scotland. Archer Baker, European Traffic Manager 67 St. Vincent St.
G'dRapids...Mich..E. C Oviatt, Trav. Pass. Agent 76 Ottawa St.
Halifax N.S.. J. D. Chipman, City Passenger and Freight Agent, 107 Hollis St.
Hamilton Ont..W. J. Grant, Commercial Agent Cor. King and James Sts.
Hankow China..Jardine, Matheson & Co.
Hobart...Tasmania..Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)    Thomas Cook & Son.
Hong; Kong: D. E. Brown, General Agent, China and Japan, etc.
Honolulu H.L.Theo. H. Davies & Co.
Kingston..Jamaica..Gerald A. Morals Cor. Port Royal and Orange Sts.
Kobe Japan. .G. Mlllward  14A, Maye-machi.
Liverpool Eng..Archer Baker, European Traffic Manager 9 James St.
T^«^^« -ct™ 5 Archer Baker, European Traffic 5 67 & 68 King William St. E.C.
London Eng. j       Manager   \      and 30 Cockspur St. S.W.
London Ont..W. Fulton, Ci*y Passenger Agent 161 Dundas St.
Melbourne Aus..Union S. S. Co. of New Zealand (Ltd.)    Thomas Cook & Son.
Milwaakee. ..Wis..A. G. G. Lauder, Freight Agent  84 Michigan St.
Minneapolis.Minn..W. B. Chandler, Agent Soo Line 119 South Third St.
Montreal Oup$WF' Es%< City Passenger Agent 129 St. James St.
lviontreai yue j j  Corbetti Foreign Freight Agent 4 Hospital St.
Nagasaki ... Japan. .Holme, Ringer & Co.
Nelson B.C..J. S. Carter, District Passenger Agent.
v_m v«%.ir xr v 5 E. V. Skinner, General Eastern Agent 353 Broadway
JNew zone is . Y j Land and immigrationOffice 1 Broadway
NiagaraFaUs.N.Y..D. Isaacs, Prospect House.
Ottawa  Ont..Geo. Duncan, City Passenger Agent  42 Sparks St.
pQ_ifl -nvQri„Q 5 Hernu, Peron & Co., Ticket Agents. .61 Boulevard Haussmann
iraris * rance I International Sleeping Car Co 3 Place de l'Opera
Philadelphia .. Pa. .H. McMurtrie, Freight and Passenger Agt .629-631 Chestnut St.
Pittsburg Pa..F. W. Salsbury, Commercial Agent 409 Smith Bldg.
Portland Me..G. H. Thompson, Ticket Agent, Maine Central Rd. .Union Depot
Portland ...... Ore..H. H. Abhott, Passenger and Freight Agent 142 Third St.
Quebec Que..E. H. Crean, City Passenger Agent Opposite Post Office
<*»nit m-« M«rio   Mlph  5 F. E. Ketchum, Depot Ticket Agent.
same »te. marie, Mien, j T  R  Harvey, City Passenger Agent.
e*   Tnhn xt-rJA. J. Heath, District Passenger Agent 10 King St.
St. tionn ^^Iw.H.C. Mackay, City Ticket Agent   49 King St.
e+  T«nfa tut* 5 W. M. Porteous, Freight Agent 315 Chestnut St.
St.Louis M0-1 C. E. Benjamin, Trav. Pass. Agent...	
St. Paul Minn .W. S. Thorn, A.G.P.A., Soo Line 379 Robert St.
««»„¥jv.«««ia^«. Poi  5 M.M.Stern,Dist.Frt. and Passenger Agent, Palace Hotel Bldg
San£rancisco,uai. | Goodall> Perkins & Co., Agents P.C.S.S. Co 10 Market St.
Seattle Wash..W. R. Thomson Mutual Life Building, 609 First Ave.
Shanghai China..Jardine, Matheson & Co.
Sherbrooke... Que.. W. H. Bottum, City Passenger Agent 6 Commercial St.
Sydney Aus..Union S.S. Co. of N.Z. (Ltd.)   Thomas Cook & Son.
Tacoma Wash..F. R. Johnson, Freight and Passenger Agent. 1023 Pacific Ave.
Toronto Ont...W. Maughan, City Ticket Agent IKingSt. E.
Vancouver... B.C... James Sclater, Ticket Agent.
Victoria B.C..B. W. Greer, Freight and Passenger Agent...Government St.
Washington ..D C. .W. W, Merkle, Freight and Pass'r Agt.1229 Pennsylvania Ave.
Whatcom Wash.. W.H. Gordon, Passenger Agent 1225 Dock St.
Winnipeg Man..A. C. Smith, City Tkt.Agt.,Cor.MainSt. andMcDermott Ave.
Yokohama.. Japan.. Wm. T. Payne, General Traffic Agent for Japan  14 Bund
80 p
ublkations
Issued by the
CanadianPacific
Jfailway Co.
"THE  NEW HIGHWAY TO THE ORIENT"
"SUMMER TOURS"      "FISHING AND SHOOTING"
"SPORTSMAN'S   MAP  OF  CANADA"
"WESTWARD TO THE  FAR   EAST"
"EAST TO THE  WEST"
GUIDES TO   THE   PRINCIPAL CITIES   OF  JAPAN   AND   CHINA     TRAVELLING
BY   EITHER   THE   EASTERN   OR   THE   WESTERN   ROUTE.
"TIME-TABLE WITH   NOTES"
"AROUND THE WORLD"
"CLIMATES OF CANADA"
"QUEBEC-SUMMER  AND WINTER"
"MONTREAL"
"ST. ANDREWS-BY-THE-SEA"
" TEMAGAMING-A GLIMPSE OF THE
ALGONQUIN PARADISE"
"ACROSS CANADA TO AUSTRALASIA"
"BANFF" "HAWAII "
ALSO   NUMEROUS   PAMPHLETS   DESCRIPTIVE   OF   MANITOBA    THE  CANADIAN
NORTH-WEST TERRITORIES   AND   BRITISH   COLUMBIA :
"WESTERN  CANADA"    "BRITISH  COLUMBIA"
"GOLD  FIELDS OF B.C."    " MOUNTAINEERING"
"NEW  ONTARIO  GOLD   FIELDS," ETC.
Most of these publications are handsomely illustrated, and contain
much useful information in interesting shape. Time-Tables with Notes
will be found a valuable companion for all Transcontinental travellers.
Copies may be obtained FREE from Agents of the Company, or will
be mailed to any address on application to undersigned.
The Company has also published a new Map, on the polar projection,
showing the whole of the northern hemisphere, and the Canadian Pacific
Railway's Around the World Route in a novel and interesting way, and
another of Canada and the northern half of the United States, showing
the entire system of the Company in detail. A sporting map of Canada,
showing the best regions for fish and game, is also issued. These maps
will be given away for public and prominent display.
The Company now has on sale in its hotels, principal ticket offices,
and on the trains, several series of handsomely finished views of scenes
along their lines of railway. Size—12 x 10 inches, in portfolios suitable
for the table (12 views in each series), price $1.00.
H
H. NOTMAN
Asst. General Passenger Agent
1 King Street East, TORONTO
J. COLVIN
District Passenger Agent
197 Washington Street, BOSTON
W.  R. CALLAWAY
General Passenger Agent
Soo Line, Minneapolis
GEO. W.  HIBBARD
General Passenger Agent
Duluth, South Shore & Atlantic Ry.
Marquette, Mich.
A. C. SHAW
General Agent, Passenger Dept.
228 South Clark St., CHICAGO, 111.
E. J. COYLE
Asst. General Passenger Agent
Vancouver, B.C.
A. J. HEATH
District Passenger Agent
St. John, N.B.
E. V. SKINNER
General Eastern Agent
353 Broadway, New York
A.  E.  EDMONDS
City Passenger Agent
7 Fort Street West, Detroit, Mich.
M. M. STERN
District Passenger Agent
Palace Hotel Building, SAN FRANCISCO
D. E. BROWN
General Agent China and Japan, etc.
Hong KONG
ARCHER  BAKER
European Traffic Manager
67 and 68 King William Street, E.C. 1 London,
30 Cock spur Street,   -   -   -   - S.W. J Eng.
67 St. Vincent Street, GLASGOW
9 James Street, Liverpool
c. e. Mcpherson, c. e. e. ussher,
Genl. Pass. Agt,, Western Lines, Genl. Pass. Agt., Eastern Lines
Winnipeg. Montreal.
ROBT. KERR,
Passenger Traffic Manager,
Montreal. 

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